Global Horizons
Headquarters U.S. Air Force
Global Horizons
Dr. Mark T. Maybury
Former (33rd) Air Force Chief Scientist
August 2013
Distribution A. Approved for public release; distribution is unlimited. Public Release Case Nos 2013‐0389, 2012‐0460/0438/0439, 2011‐0589
I n t e g rDistribution A. Approved for public release; distribution is unlimited.
ity - Service - Excellence
1
Outline
 Future Global Environment
 Technology Horizons
 Energy Horizons
 Cyber Vision 2025
 Global Horizons
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Global Environment
Space:
Congested,
Competitive,
Contested
Global Forces
• Demographics
• Climate
• Resources (Natural, Talent,
Treasure, Time)
• Globalization/Proliferation
• Conflict
SPACE
Global Sectors
• Manufacturing and
Materials
• Transport and Logistics
• Energy and Utilities
• Health and Pharma
• Communications and IT
• Financial Services
• Education and Training
CYBER
AIR
Cyberspace: threatened
by malicious insiders,
supply chain attacks, and
advanced persistent
threats to deceive,
degrade, disrupt, destroy
Command and Control (C2)
& Intelligence Surveillance
and Reconnaissance (ISR)
targeted as a center of gravity
threatening integrated and
resilient global operations
Air: Anti-Access,
Area Denial (A2/AD)
Global Vigilance, Reach and Power dependent upon
contested Global Domains and Globalized Industrial Sectors
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3
Transistor Count
Laws Help Forecast Future
Date
Moore’s Law
Metcalf’s Law
Adoption Acceleration
?
1
Facebook
10
100
Phone Radio
Television
PC
Internet
Mobile Phone
1860 1880 1900 1920 1940 1960 1980 2000 2020
Kurzweil’s Law
Source: KurwzeilAI.net
Confidence
Years
.1
f(threat, vulnerability, resilience, consequence)
Overtrust
High
RPA
Watson
Cruise
Control
ABS
Med
Low
UAS, Google Car
Undertrust
PC, Blender
Low “in”
Med
“on”
High
“out”
Autonomy
Autonomy
Human Control
Maybury’s Law
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Global Horizons
1999-2025+
Global Population (% urban, avg age, % middle class)
US Off‐shoring (% Change)
CMOS Integrated Circuit Feature Size
Info Tech – Hosts, Users (% Pop), Mobile, Bandwidth (log), Speed
US Computing PhD Degrees
Chinese Computing PhD Degrees
Malware Signatures
‐10% Climate Change (Temp, Humidity)
Reserves/Production (Energy, Minerals)
Global R&D (% foreign)
Shocks
Malware
•
•
6 B (46%U, 27 yrs, ~45%)
•
•
43M, 147 M (2.5%)
105 bps, 1 Tflop
2500
1600
35 K
57.9oF
$641B, 66%
1999
• •
• •
Population
•
9.2 B (70% U, 41yrs, 65%) ‐5% +40% 180 nm
180 nm
(Health, Env, Econ, Soc, Pol)
70%
••
••
••Chinese CS PhDs •
•
IC Size
8‐10nm
US CS PhDs
•
•
750
1500
25%
2012
2025
2050
CMOS – Complimentary Metal‐Oxide Semiconductor; IC – Integrated Circuit
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www.af.mil/information/technologyhorizons.asp
Technology Horizons

Strategic, technology and budget environments drive need for
capability increases, manpower efficiencies, and cost reductions

Key capability areas (with associated enabling technologies):

Highly-adaptive autonomous systems (and trust in autonomy)

Human-machine interfaces and human performance augmentation

Increased cyber resilience

PNT in GPS-denied environments

Electromagnetic spectrum warfare

Processing-enabled intelligent sensors

Directed energy for tactical strike/defense

Next-generation high-efficiency gas turbine engines

Persistent space situational awareness

Rapidly composable small satellites
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tinyurl.com/afenergyhorizons
Energy Horizons:
Air Force Energy S&T Vision
Energy Horizons Vision
Assured energy advantage across air, space, cyberspace and infrastructure
Findings
Energy S&T advances can revolutionize cost, readiness, and resiliency
 Air fuels and facilities/data centers primary cost drivers
 Benefits from systems, operations, supply, and culture
 Partnership and S&T leverage essential

Air





Cyber
Space

Infrastructure
Recommendations
Mission-focused S&T roles (lead,
follow, watch) in near-, mid-, far-term
Air: Efficient engines and structures,
distributed virtual training, flight
formation
Space: Efficient photovoltaics,
efficient ground stations, fractionated
constellations
Cyber: Efficient cloud and HPC
Infrastructure: Secure microgrids,
Expeditionary energy, small modular
nuclear reactors, solar to petrol
Enabling: nanomaterials, biomimicry,
autonomy
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HPC: High Performance Computing
SAF/PA Case Number 2011‐0589
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7
Storage
Generation
Cross Cutting Energy
Enabling Technologies
• 70% Efficient
• Quantum dots
• Flexible Materials
• Efficient conversion
• Non food sources
(e.g., camelina)
• Global supply
Ultra‐Efficient PhotoVoltaics
•100k discharge cycles
•High power (10MW)
• High energy density (>300 Wh/kg)
•Hours of discharge
Advanced Batteries • Counter‐Rotating Ring Receiver Reactor Recuperator
Figure Credit: Popular Science
BioFuels
Sun to Petrol
•High energy (10kW)
•Hours of discharge
Ultra Capacitors
Use
(Lead Acid, NaS, ZEBRA, Li‐Ion) ‐ Location Independence
‐ Security
‐ Resiliency
‐ Efficient Algorithms
‐ Efficient HPC
•Small modular
•<300 MW
• Autosafing
•Waste reuse
• Transportable
• Grid security
‐ Enhanced Energy SA
‐ Vulnerability Detection
‐ SCADA/Smart Microgrids
‐ Behavior modification
Advanced Nuclear
•100k discharge cycles
•High power (10MW)
•Hours of discharge
•High reliability
•Increased grid security/reliability
•>95% efficient
•Storage up to 10MW
High Power Fly Wheels
Superconducting Magnetic Energy
•C‐C Nanotubes & graphene
•Light strength, tailorable
•thermal and energy storage properties
•Increase lift to weight ratios
•Nanoelectronics for SWAP
(nanowires, memristers)
Efficient Cloud and Energy Micromonitoring
NanoMaterials
Super Computing
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tinyurl.com/afcv2025
Air Force
Cyber Vision 2025
1. AF Cyber





Air Force Cyberspace S&T Vision
Assured cyber advantage across air, space, cyber, C2, ISR, and mission support
Findings
Recommendations
Missions at risk: Growing threats  Assure and Empower the Mission (MAJCOMs)
(insider, supply chain, advanced) and  Title 10/50/32, Multi‐domain synch effects
interdependencies  Improve Cyber Education, Accessions, Cyber S&T enables assurance, Training (AETC, A1, A6, AFSPC)
resilience, affordability, empowerment
 Advance Acquisition and Partnership (AFSPC, AQ, TE, MAJCOMS)
Need to integrate across authorities and  Require/design in security; secure life cycle
domains (cross domain effects)
 Rapid, open, iterative; engage user/test early
Need to shape doctrine, policy, people,  Enhance Systems and Capabilities (RDT&E) processes
(AFSPC, AQ, AFMC)
Partnership and leverage essential
 Cyber Situational Awareness, Battle Damage Air
100
80
60
40
20
0
F‐35
F‐22
B‐2
F‐16
F‐15
F‐111
A‐7
% Capability in Software
Millions ESLOC
4
3
2
1
0
F‐4
Assessment, Foreign Military Exploitation
 Simplicity, trust, verification, resilience
Space

Focused, Enabling S&T (AFRL)
• Assure and empower missions
• Enhanced agility & resilience
DSP
SBIRS AEHF GPS III
• Optimize human/machine systems
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• Establish foundations of trust 9
Cyber Vision 2025
Enduring Principles









Least Privilege – provide only necessary authorities (e.g., white listing,
discretionary access control, containment)
Balance of Power – distribution of authority, peer review, two person rule
Non-Interference – technical (multilevel) and operational (coord/sychronize)
Minimization – limit attack surface, limit dependencies,
reduce capability to essentials
Simplification – allow only necessary complexity,
employ standards (interfaces/controls)
Survivability – fitness/readiness, awareness, anticipation, speed
(responsiveness), agility (e.g., flexibility/ maneuver), and evolvability
Resilience – robustness (e.g., redundancy), diversity,
active defense, rapid reconstitution
Optimization – offense/defense, human & machine intelligence, cost/benefit
Asymmetry – maximize adversary cost/risk/uncertainty;
maximize friendly benefit/assurance/efficiency
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10
Cyber S&T Desired Outcomes and Focus
Across Air, Space, Cyber, C2 and ISR
Technology Leader (L), Follower (F), Watcher (W) Area
Near (F12-FY15)
Mid (FY16-20)
 Real‐time AFNET SA & C2 (L)  Cyber Mission Verification and Assurance Across Sensors/ Platforms
 Survivable C3 (L)
 Advanced Access, D5 Effects 1 D5 = Degrade, Deceive, Destroy Deny, Disrupt
(L/F)
 Online Vulnerability  Fractionated, Morphable , Identification and Adaptation Reconstituting Architectures (L)
Enhance
(F)
 Cyber Maneuver (L)
Agility and  Intelligent Mix of GOTS/COTS (F)  Resilient Virtualization (F)
 Semi‐Automated Mission Mapping and Anomaly Assure and Resolution for Cyber SA (L)
Empower  Secure Communication (L)
1
the Mission  Access and D5 Cyber Effects (L/F)
Resilience
Optimize
HumanMachine
Systems
 Operator Selection (e.g., traits, methods) (L/F)
 Operator Measurement (stress, cognition, perf., trust) (L)
 Adversarial/Social Modeling (L)
Primary
Secondary
Tertiary
Far (FY21-25)
 Autonomous Cyber Mission
Assurance/ Management (L)
 Predictable Cyber Effects on Mission Systems (L)
 Autonomous, Secure, Agile Composable CyberPhys Systs
(L)
 Cognitive Comm/Networks
(agile, reconfigure, self heal) (L)
 Intent/Behavior Detection  Automated Individual and Forecasting (L)
Performance Assessment and  Human‐Machine Perf
Training (L)
Optimize (L)
 Initial Augmented Cognition (L)
 Neuroscience based brain  Auto Cyber Battle Damage computer interfaces (L/F)
Assess) (L
 Quantum Methods for V&V,
 Information Integrity V&V
Trust, and Vulnerability  Quantum Communication (L)
Assessment (F)
 Root of Trust for Cyber C2 (L)
 Provable Mission Assurance  Embedded Anti‐Tamper (F)
in Contested Domains (L)
 Semi Autonomous Supply Chain Assurance (F)
 Measurement, Vulnerability Model/Analysis, & Verification (L)
Foundation
s of Trust  Real‐Time Cyber Reverse Engineering (L/F)
 Software Anti‐Tamper (L)
Distribution A. Approved for public release; distribution is unlimited.
 Secure Virtualization (F)
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Global Horizons
Study Methodology
STRATEGY
REQUIREMENTS AND PLANS
Global Threats and
Opportunities
COCOM and MAJCOM
Requirements
CORE
GLOBAL
FUNCTION SECTOR
CFMPs, STIPLs
Global Horizons
United States Air Force
Global S&T Vision
2013-2027
AF/ST TR 13-01
21 June 2013
Independent
Senior
Expert
Review
Air
Trans
Space
Mfg
Cyber
Comm/IT
C2
Energy
ISR
Health
Support
Ed/Train
Enabling S&T
RFI, EXPERT SUMMITS GLOBAL PRIVATE SECTORS
Global Vigilance, Reach and Power dependent upon
contested Global
Domains and Globalized Industrial Sectors
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Global R&D (2011)
Size of circle is relative amount of Annual R&D
Scientists & Engineering/Million People
Sources: Battelle R&D Magazine, International Monetary Fund, World Bank, CIA World Factbook, OECD
R&D as % GDP
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Industrial R&D (2010)
Size of circle is relative amount of Annual R&D
R&D Spending as Percent of Net Sales
Source: Battelle R&D Magazine
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R&D Spending / Number of Employees, Thousands of U.S. Dollars
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tinyurl.com/AFGlobalHorizons
Air Force
Global Horizons





Sustained global advantage that ensures Global Vigilance, Global Reach and Global Power in, through and from air, space and cyberspace to support joint and coalition operations.
Findings
Recommendations
Constraints compel efficiency/focus
 Enhance global S&T vigilance (NASIC, AFRL/AFOSR, AF/A2, AFISRA)
Technology Horizons, Energy Horizons  Focus AF S&T on game changers and and Cyber Vision 2025 valid and key
revolutionary CONOPS (OPRs: AFRL, MAJCOMs):
Global commons will be increasingly contested, congested, and competitive  Trusted and resilient cyberspace, assured PNT (e.g., cold atoms), hypersonics and DE weapons, bio‐inspired Opportunity to leverage $1.4 trillion computation, adv. materials and manuf, personalized health
global industry R&D – essential to  Employ agile and innovative acquisition sustaining edge
approaches; Foster partnerships; Shape doctrine, Supply of educated talent will be policy, and processes for agility, speed, and cost
constrained and contested
(SAF/AQ, AFMC, AFRL)
 Leverage global industrial investments and 
partnerships (SAF/IA, AFMC, AFRL/AFOSR, MAJCOMS) Inspire and focus STEM workforce (AF/A1, SAF/AQ, AETC, USAFA)
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Advancing RPA Roles and Capabilities


Beyond traditional surveillance and kinetic strike roles

Humanitarian relief

Homeland security

Civilian employment
Advancing vectors

Endurance

ISR – coverage, accuracy, diversity

On board processing

Autonomy

Distributed/Cooperative

Survivable – Stealth, EW

In‐flight automated refueling

Directed energy (laser and HPM)
Intelligence Surveillance and Reconnaissance (ISR), Electronic warfare (EW), High Powered Microwave (HMP)
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Military Expenditure ($B)
Air Challenges and Opportunities
Contested
Theme
High Speed Systems/Directed
Energy
World
Congested
Constrained
Boeing Market Outlook (2012)
Rest of world
US
Near (FY13‐17)
Weapons (L)
High Power Microwave missile (L)
Target identification (pulsed lasers) (L)
Autonomy/Distributed Distributed mission planning (L)
Decision Making/
Fractionated Systems Sense and avoid (L)
Automat/Autonomous formation flight (L)
Mid (FY18–22)
2. Waverider
Maturing affordable game changing S&T across the Air Domain allows us to remain ahead of near‐peer threats, operate with efficiency and impunity in A2AD environments, and evolve Air Doctrine with new technologies.
Far (FY23–27)
High Speed Systems
ISR platforms (L)
Reusable, responsive platforms (L)
Directed Energy
Mounted a/c self protect (CW electric lasers) (L) Integrated a/c self protect; speed‐of‐light strike (L)
C2 and Communications
Automated terminal area operations (F*)
Platform and Operations
Cooperative and autonomous control (L)
Human/machine cognitive communications (F*)
Human/machine teaming (F*)
Processes
System‐of‐system certification (F*)
Automated assembly and quality assurance (F*)
Products
Modular aircraft architectures (F*)
Universal weapon system interface (L)
Large composite structures (F*)
Plug‐and‐play avionic interface (L)
Small munitions
Small Munitions/Long
Cooperative control & selectable effects (L) Multi‐purpose, multi‐mode effects packages (L) Optimized internal carry design (L)
Range Missiles
Long Range Missiles
Self‐realizing and adaptive guidance (L)
Sensor/seekers, apertures, payload, guidance (L) Real‐time adaptive software (L)
Propulsion and Power
Energy Efficient Aircraft ADVENT/AETD/ESSP (L)
HEETE (L)
Adaptive HEETE (L)
and Propulsion Design Thermal management/adaptive cycles (F*) On‐demand integrated subsystems (L)
Hybrid systems/distributed propulsion (F*)
Airframe/Aerodynamics
Laminar flow control (F*)
Lightweight, unitized structure (F*)
Supersonic tailless designs (L)
Conformal antennae (F*)
Adaptive structure and active flow control (F*) N+1 generation efficient aircraft configurations (F*)
Distribution A. Approved for public release; distribution is unlimited.
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Advanced Aircraft Adaptive Architecture
Enhanced analysis for V&V (F*)
Certification of composite structures (F*)
* AF should follow industry, unless a specific AF application
Cold-Atom Inertial Navigation Systems
For GPS-Denied Environments
Position Uncertainty for 3 Scenarios 36 h loiter
Flight half‐way around world
20,000 m
1000 m
1‐3 m
20 m
1 m
1‐3 m
GPS
Ballistic missile flight
Cold Atom INS
500 m
1‐3 m
Laser‐based INS
Cold atom INS: potentially provide orders of magnitude better performance than laser‐based INS, and accuracy comparable to GPS for GPS‐denied environments
Distribution A. Approved for public release; distribution is unlimited.
0.1 m
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Space
Challenges and Opportunities
Competitive
60
Congested
Space Faring Nations
3. Falcon7 NanoSat
Contested
Threats
Tracked Objects
Total
50
Estimated 10+x more objects < 10 cm
40
IridiumCOSMOS
Collision
Tracked Objects (> 10 cm)
30
Improved
Sensor
20
10
ASAT
Test
0
1950 1960 1970 1980 1990 2000 2010
Area
1960
1970
Near (FY13-17)
1980
1990
2000
2010
Mid (FY18-22)
Reversible
GPS/SATCOM
Jamming
Non‐Reversible
Laser
Disruption
Kinetic
Destruction
Far (FY23-27)
• Demonstrate
Disaggregation (L)
• Demo Fractionation (L)
• NavSat (L)
• Cold atom INS (L)
• Microsatellites (F) as canonical
architecture
• Persistent SSA (L)
Inexpensive
Launch
• 100-kg to LEO for $1-3M
(W)
• GEO and LEO commodity
launch (L)
• Launch raw materials (L?)
• Launch deployables (L)
Space Cyber
• Testbeds (L)
• Space-HAIPE (F)
• Agile and Resilient by Design (W)
Architectures
• Deployable antennas (L)
• Open standards (L)
• Synthetic apertures (F)
• Open Arch (L)
• Composable constellations (L)
• Quantum computing (F)
Communications
• AEHF (L), V/W band (L)
• Laser communications (L)
• Radiation-hard (L)
• Additive manufacturing (F) • Build in space (L?)
Disaggregation
Manufacturing
Distribution A. Approved for public release; distribution is unlimited.
SSA=Space Situational Awareness; AEHF = Advanced Extremely High Frequency; HAIPE == High Assurance Internet Protocol Encryptor; QKD=Quantum Key Distribution
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Mission Support
Challenges and Opportunities
Technology Integration Time
Agile Development Rapid Experimentation
Cross‐Domain “Modeling Commons”
Increased competition for technical talent
Area
25% Reduction in
Development
Cycle Time
Near (FY13-17)
Mid (FY18-22)
Digital
Design
Tools
• Optimized digital design tools (L)
• Engage industry (F)
• System of System trades (L)
• Open arch w/built-in trust (F)
• Digital Thread expanded to exercises,
CONOPS, training environment (L)
Prototyping
• Prototype program demonstration
(L)
• Open challenges (F)
• End-to-end prototype centers w/joint
user & industry experimentation (L)
Agile
Workforce
• Expand flexible hiring &
management practices – Lab Demo
(F)
• Develop workforce skills through
prototyping (F)
Distribution A. Approved for public release; distribution is unlimited.
Far (FY23-27)
• Tightly integrated digital
thread and prototyping
process to enable agile
development and quickly
field scalable capabilities
(L)
• Agile workforce to respond
to rapidly emerging
technical challenges (L)
20
Vigilant Spirit Control Station (VSCS)
Cleared for Public Release AFRL 88ABW-2009-0811
Distribution A. Approved for public release; distribution is unlimited.
21
AMASE: AFRL’s AVTAS Multi-Agent
Simulator to Develop Control Algorithms

AFRL Desktop simulation environment to accelerate RPA cooperative control studies

Allows effectiveness of control algorithms to be quantitatively assessed and compared; Used for RPAs flown in Talisman Saber 2009

Example compares control laws in mission with multiple areas and no‐enter zones with heterogeneous RPAs; too complex for intuition
Comparison of two cooperative RPA control systems
93% areas covered
94 min. mission time
30% RPA energy used
Distribution A. Approved for public release; distribution is unlimited.
100% areas covered
57 min. mission time
15% RPA energy used
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Agile Manufacturing for
Rapid & Affordable Fielding
4. Additive Manufacturing
Affordable Capability…… New Systems /sub‐systems Networked Collaborative Design: 60% less time
Open Architecture ISR Pod
Flex Weapons
From S&T to the Field: Faster @ Less Cost
Model‐Based/ Virtual Mfg: 50% less time
Direct Digital & Additive Mfg:
Small lot production
Auto/Digital Inspection: 20% less time
Distribution A. Approved for public release; distribution is unlimited.
Automated Assembly: 30% less time
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Human Centered Aviation
Multiple Input Devices
Multiple Heterogeneous Displays
Extensive Inputs
Visual, Auditory, Cognitive Overload
Poor Ergonomics
Tight Workspace
Excessive Hierarchical Menus
Insufficient Task Awareness
No graceful degradation
Poor Reconstitution
Zacharias, G. and Maybury, M. 7 July
2010. Operating Next-Generation Remotely Piloted Aircraft for Irregular Warfare,
Distribution A. Approved for public release; distribution is unlimited.
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Washington DC: Air Force Scientific Advisory Board https://www sab hq af mil/TORs/2010/Abstract UIW pdf
Transportation Autonomy
5. Brisbane
Global Shipping at Brisbane Terminal, AU
 -27% Labor, -40% Fuel
 ‘98: 120k lifts,122 perms, 3 cranes,
500K TEU
 ‘12: 320k lifts, 83 perms, 5 cranes,
800K TEU
 Increased Precision (MM radar, 2cm)
 +66% Speed; -70% Maintenance
 Improved Cost, Use of Capital
 Labor to revenue down 50% to 21%
 +10% to automate, 1.5 -2yr payback
 Reduced Death/Injury
Distribution A. Approved for public release; distribution is unlimited.
See video at: tinyurl.com/brisbane‐port‐autonomy
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beyond current machine representation,
reasoning, and learning
e.g., search and rescue planning; pilot‐controller coordination
e.g., mission
planning, route
planning, forensic analysis of sensor data
e.g., automated contingency plans, air drop execution, course of action assessment
e.g.,
sense and avoid, autosafing of satellites
e.g., pre‐flight aircraft fuselage
inspection e.g., human review of auto “cued” targets
e.g., autopilot management, satellite station keeping
e.g., sensing, intrusion
detection using firewall rules
Manual
Mixed,
“in the loop”
Supervised, “on the loop”
Autonomous
Levels of Autonomy
e.g., select/refine alternative machine derived
COAs
Mission
e.g., plan/refine
alternative campaign courses of action (COAs)
Task
e.g., establish
campaign objectives
Campaign
Degrees and Levels of
Autonomy
Degree of Autonomy
Source: Maybury, M. 2012. Usability in Defense Systems: Examples from Aviation. In Murray, D. and Buie, E. (eds). Usability and User Experience in Distribution A. Approved for public release; distribution is unlimited.
Government Systems: Designing for Citizens and Public Servants. Elsevier Press/ Morgan Kaufmann, p. 97‐108
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Logistics and Transportation
Challenges and Opportunities
6. Autonomy
Scenario: 2 JSTARS in theater to Established Base (30 days)
Total Fuel Cost ($4.72/gallon) = $36.8M
2%
2%
6%
3% 10%
JSTARS (2)
KC‐135R (6)
14%
JSTARS
Airlift Cargo
8%
26%
F‐15C (18)
68%
KC‐10 (3) Air Bridge (RJSM)
62%
KC‐135R
F‐15C
Hotel Load
KC‐135R (3) Air Bridge (PAEI)
Automation
Employment Fuel Cost = $25.1M
(30 Days)
Mid (FY18-22)
Far (FY23-27)
Fully Burdened Cost of Logistics
Large Logistics Tail
Theme
Deployment Fuel Cost = $11.8M
Near (FY13-17)
• Robotic warehousing (F)
• Automation integration into aerial
ports and flightline servicing (L)
• Robotic shipping/handling (F)
• Integrated automated shipping
(F)
• Automated sensors and base
protection (L)
• Aircrew optional airlift
and refueling (F*)
• On-Site manufacturing
for deployed locations
(L)
On-Site Production
and Manufacturing
• Additive manufacturing (W)
• 3D Printing (W)
• Multi-material recycling (F)
• Certification of parts produced
by additive manufacturing (F*)
Logistics
Efficiency
• Compatibility with Next Gen ATC (F*)
• Logistics Situational Awareness (F*)
• Energy efficient aircraft and
propulsion (L)
Precision Delivery
to Austere/Remote
Bases
• Precision airdrop (L)
• Affordable wind profiling system (L)
• Air to ground communications (L)
• Efficient high power lift (L)
• Ground-based laser for base
defense (L)
Distribution A. Approved for public release; distribution is unlimited.
• Autonomous ground
delivery systems (F*)
• Airships (F)
• Cargo UAS (F*)
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Partnership and Focus
COCOMs
Intelligence Community
Army, Navy, Marines
Land and Maritime cyber
National Labs FFRDCs
Federal Research DARPA, NSF, FAA, OSTP, NASA , NIST
Academia
Air, Space, C2ISR
Critical Infrastructure
Industry & Consortia (e.g., DIB Pilot) DHS, EPRI, Utilities
International
Air Force will leverage capabilities and investments of our partners and focus S&T investment on Air Force core functions
Distribution A. Approved for public release; distribution is unlimited.
28
Global Horizons Leads


Core Function Teams
 Threat: Mr. Gary O’Connell (NASIC), Maj Gen Jim Keffer (A2), Col Matthew Hurley (AF/A2DD)
 Air: Dr. Don Erbschloe (AMC), Dr. Dave Robie (ACC), Doug Bowers (AFRL/RQ), Bill Harrison (AFRL/RQ), Dr. Bob
Peterkin (AFRL/RD), Dr. Mikel Miller (AFRL/RW), Dr. Kamal Jabbour (AFRL/RI), Dr. Brian Kent (AFRL/RY)
 Space: Dr. Doug Beason (AFSPC/ST), Dr. Jim Riker (AFRL/RV), Col Scott Beidleman (SMC/XR), Dr. Roberta Ewart
(SMC/XR), Dr Alan Weston (NASA)
 Cyber: George Duchak/Dr. Rich Linderman (AFRL/RI), Dr. Doug Beason (AFSPC), Mr. Arthur Wachdorf (24AF), Frank
Konieczny (SAF/A6 CTO), Mr. Mike Kretzer (688th), Steve Schneider (AFRL/RY), Dr. Rusty Baldwin (AFIT/ENGE)
 C2 and ISR: Dr. Steven K. Rogers (AFRL/RY/RI), Dr. Terry Wilson (RY), Mr. Stan Newberry (AFC2IC), Dr. Chris Yeaw
(AFGSC/ST), Jeff Eggers (AF/A2), Keith Hoffman (NASIC), Mr. Bill Marion (ACC); Dr. Byron Knight (NRO/SED)
 Mission Support (Acquisition, T&E, Workforce): Dr. David Walker (SAF/AQR), Susan Thornton (AFMC/EN), Col Derek
Abeyta (AF/TE), Maj Mike Dunlavy (SAF/AQR), Lt Col Dan Ward (AFLCMC), Ed Kraft (AEDC/CZ),
Dr. Alok Das (AFRL/RY)
 Enabling Technology: Dr. Jennifer Ricklin (AFRL), Dr. Chuck Matson (AFRL/AFOSR), Dr. Pat Carrick (AFRL/AFOSR)
Global Sector Teams
 Manufacturing and Materials – Dr. Barry Farmer (AFRL/RX), Doug Bowers (AFRL/RQ), Dr. Mikel Miller (AFRL/RW),
Col Keith Bearden (AFLCMC/XZ), Rollie Dutton (AFRL/RXM)
 Transportation and Logistics – Don Erbschloe (AMC), Steven Hofmann (A3O, Next Gen)
 Energy, Utilities & Mining – Dr. Kevin Geiss (SAF/IE), Bill Harrison (AFRL/RZ), Bob Peterkin (AFRL/RD)
 Health Care & Pharma – Dr. Morley Stone (AFRL/RH), Dr. Deb Niemeyer (59 MDW/ST), Lt Gen Tom Travis (AF/SG);
Col Randy Ashmore (AFMSA/SG5)
 Communications, Information Technology, Financial Services - George Duchak/Dr. Rich Linderman (AFRL/RI),
Dr. Doug Beason (AFSPC), Dr. Kamal Jabbour (AFRL/RI), Dr. Paul Antonik (AFRL/RI), Dr. Rob Gold (ASD R&E)
 Education and Training – Dr. Bruce Murphy (AU/VP Academic Affairs), Dr. Todd Stewart (AFIT), Dr. Nathaniel Davis
(AFIT), Jack Blackhurst/Dr. Morley Stone (AFRL/RH), John Geis (AU/AFRI), Dr. Steven Hansen (AU), BGen Scott
Vander Hamm/Craig Seeber (AETC/A5/8/9A), Lt Col Chris Bohn (AU/Spaatz Center), Dr. Aaron Byerley, (USAFA)
Distribution A. Approved for public release; distribution is unlimited.
29
Senior Independent
Expert Review Group (SIERG)
Air
Space
Cyber
C2ISR
Msn Support
S&T, Threat, …
Trans
Man/Mat
Comm/IT/Financial
Energy
Ed & Train
Health
Dr Mark Lewis, Dr Mike Yarymovych,
IDA
Sarasota Space
Prof Ed Feigenbaum, Stanford
Gil Vega, DoE
Andrew Makridis, CIA
Glenn Gafney, CIA
Prof. Alex Levis, GMU
Dr Donna Rhodes, MIT
SEAri
Dr Mica Endsley, SA
Technologies
Dr Steve Walker, DARPA
Norm Augustine
Heidi Shyu, ASA ALT
Mr John Gilligan
Gen (Ret) Mike Carns
Prof Werner Dahm, ASU
Lee Jameson, NSF
Charles Bouldin, NSF
Lauren Van Wazer, OSTP
Tomas Vagoun, NITRD
Natalie
Crawford,
RAND
Dr Rami Razouk,
Aerospace
Dr. Paul Nielsen, CMU/SEI
Dr. Steve Burssolari, MIT LL
Alan Bernard, MIT LL
Al Grasso, MITRE
Ralph Semmel, JHUAPL
Jim Gosler, Sandia
Giorgio Bertoli, Army
Konrad Vesey, IARPA
Stan Chincheck, NRL
Dr. Walter Jones, ONR
Lt Gen (Ret)
George
Muellner
Dr Jaiwon Shin,
NASA
Dr Eli Neiwood, MIT
LL
Dr David Miller, MIT
Don Kerr
Keith Hall
Gen (Ret) Mike Hayden
Lt Gen (Ret) Ken Minihan
Paul Laugesen, NSA/TAO
Dr Yul Williams, NSA/CSS
TOC
Dr Mike Wertheimer, DoD
Dr Boyd Livingston, DoD
Lt Col Marion Grant,
USCYBERCOM/J9
VADM (Ret) Mike
McConnell
Al Shaffer, OSD (R&E)
Greg Smith, NGA
Ben Steinberg, DoE
Landon Derentz (DoE)
Gen (Ret) Duncan
McNabb
Gen (Ret) Jim McCarthy,
USAFA
Dr Peter Friedland
Prof Pat Winston, MIT
Terry Jaggers, NAS
Richard Matlock, MDA
Dr Starnes Walker
Larry Schuette, ONR
Tim Grance, NIST
Dr Steven King, OSD(R&E)
Lt Gen (Ret) Ted
Bowlds,
Lt Gen (Ret) Robert
Elder
Lt Gen (Ret) Ken Israel
Dr Tim Persons, GAO
Brian Hughes, AT&L
Tom Ehrhard, OSD(P)
David Honey, DNI
Dr Kathryn Sullivan, NOAA
Dr Paul Kaminski, DSB Chair
Robert
Dr Mason Peck,
Osborne, NNSA NASA CTO
Dr Tom Hussey Brig Gen (Ret) Pete
Worden, NASA
Matt Linton, NASA
ARC-IS
Lt Gen (Ret) David
Deptula
Dr Jim Hendler, RPI
Ray Haller, MITRE
Dr Steve Cross, Georgia
Tech
Former USAF
Former NRO
Former Director NSA, DIA
Former DNI
Former AF CSAF,
AF SAB EXCOM
Chief Scientist
Director
& VCSAF
Coalition
Air Vice Marshall Brecht, RAF UK
Dr. Brian Hanlon. DSTO, Australia
Mr. Christopher McMillan, Canada
Distribution A. Approved for public release; distribution is unlimited.
Simon Kippin, MoD UK
Dr. Anthony Schellhase, Australia
Norbert Weber, German MoD
30
Video URLs








Cyber
 www.youtube.com/watch?v=pm_mZJ7odJU
 http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=OL2IORXwg2E
Waverider - www.youtube.com/watch?v=3_RrFXQViyo
FalconSat 7 - www.youtube.com/watch?v=_ZAM-Lqin3A
Additive Manufacturing www.youtube.com/watch?v=i6Px6RSL9Ac&list=PL606B165D97B7A720
Brisbane - www.youtube.com/watch?v=hVSGYbaHBsk
Autonomy: Compilation of perching, self assembly, and nano quadroters:
www.youtube.com/watch?v=m2M1gp0MXlQ
 Perching robotic bird
www.youtube.com/watch?v=2QqTcQ1BxIs
 Autonomy: Swarm of Nano quadrotors – fly in formation, navigate (1 min 42s)
www.youtube.com/watch?v=6lCUGPixEnk
Kiva www.youtube.com/watch?v=6KRjuuEVEZs
www.youtube.com/watch?v=lWsMdN7HMuA
Humanitarian/Medevac vision: www.youtube.com/watch?v=2AQ65I9FUPA
Distribution A. Approved for public release; distribution is unlimited.
31
7. RPA, GCS
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