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DDC-SVC-MAN-0075
EPA07/10/GHG14 DD Platform
Operators Manual
Specifications are subject to change without notice. Detroit Diesel
Corporation is registered to ISO 9001:2001.
Copyright © Detroit Diesel Corporation. All rights reserved. Detroit
Diesel Corporation is a Daimler company.
Printed in U.S.A.
Engine Storage
NOTE: If engines are stored where condensation of water in the fuel tank
may be a problem, additives containing methyl carbitol or butyl cellusolve
may be added to the fuel. Follow manufacturer's instructions for treatment.
Where biological contamination of fuel may be a problem, add a biocide
such as Biobor® JF (or equivalent) to the fuel. When using a biocide, follow
the manufacturer's concentration recommendations and observe all
cautions and warnings.
6. Drain the fuel tank. Refill with enough clean No. 1 diesel fuel to permit the
engine to operate for about ten (10) minutes. If draining the fuel tank is not
convenient, use a separate, portable supply of recommended fuel.
7. Drain the fuel system and remove the fuel filters. Dispose of used filters in
an environmentally responsible manner, according to state and/or federal
(EPA) recommendations. Fill the new filters with No. 1 diesel fuel or pure
kerosene and install on the engine.
8. Operate the engine for five (5) minutes to circulate the clean fuel throughout
the engine. Be sure the engine fuel system is full.
9. Stop the engine and allow to cool. Then disconnect the fuel return line and
the inlet line at the primary filter and securely plug both to retain the fuel in
the engine.
10. Transmission: Follow the manufacturer's recommendations for prolonged
storage.
11. Power Take-Off: If equipped, follow manufacturer's recommendations for
prolonged storage.
NOTE: Failure to properly seal off the turbocharger air inlet and exhaust
outlet openings before engine storage may permit air drafts to circulate
through the turbocharger and rotate the turbine/compressor shaft without an
adequate flow of lubricating oil to the center housing bearings resulting in
severe bearing damage.
12. Turbocharger: Since turbocharger bearings are pressure lubricated through
the external oil line leading from the oil filter adaptor while the engine is
operating, no further attention is required. However, the turbocharger air inlet
and turbine exhaust outlet connection should be sealed off with moistureresistant tape.
NOTE: Do not apply oil, grease or any wax-base compound to the flywheel.
The cast iron will absorb these substances, which can sweat out during
operation and cause the clutch to slip.
13. Apply a non-friction rust preventive compound to all exposed engine parts. If
convenient, apply the rust preventive compound to the engine flywheel. If
not, disengage the clutch mechanism to prevent the clutch disc from sticking
to the flywheel.
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All information subject to change without notice.
Copyright © 2013 DETROIT DIESEL CORPORATION DDC-SVC-MAN-0075
EPA07/10/GHG14 DD Platform Operators Manual
14. Drain the engine cooling system. If the engine will be exposed to freezing
temperatures, install genuine Detroit Power Cool antifreeze or an equivalent
ethylene glycol-base or propylene glycol-base antifreeze solution that
provides the required freeze, boil over and inhibitor protection. Refer to
section "Coolant Requirements"
15. Drain the preservative oil from the engine crankcase. Reinstall and torque the
3/4" – 14 square, magnetic drain plug to 45-50 N·m (33-77 lb·ft).
16. Remove and clean the battery and battery cables with a baking soda-water
solution and rinse with fresh water. Do not allow the soda solution to enter
the battery. Add distilled water to the electrolyte (if necessary) and fully
charge the battery. Store the battery in a cool (never below 0° C or 32° F) dry
place. Keep the battery fully charged and check the level and specific gravity
of the electrolyte regularly.
17. Insert heavy paper strips between the pulleys and drive belts to prevent
sticking.
18. Seal all engine openings, including the exhaust outlet, with moisture-resistant
tape. Use cardboard, plywood or metal covers where practical.
19. Clean and dry the exterior painted surfaces of the engine and spray with a
suitable liquid automobile body wax, a synthetic resin varnish, or a rust
preventive compound.
20. Protect the engine with a good weather-resistant tarpaulin and store it under
cover, preferably in a dry building which can be heated during the winter
months.
Procedure for Restoring to Service an Engine that Has
Been in Extended Storage
If an engine has been in extended storage, prepare it for service as follows:
1. Remove the covers and tape from all the openings of the engine, fuel tank
and electrical equipment. Do not overlook the exhaust outlet.
2. Remove the plugs from the inlet and outlet fuel lines and reconnect the lines
to their proper positions.
3. Wash the exterior of the engine with fuel oil to remove the rust preventive.
Do not wash electrical components.
4. Remove the rust preventive from the flywheel. Flush any soluble oil rust
inhibitor (if used) in the cooling system.
5. Remove the paper strips from between the pulleys and drive belts.
6. Fill the crankcase to the proper level with the required grade of lubricating
oil. Use a pressure lubricator to insure all bearings and rocker shafts are
lubricated.
7. Fill the fuel tank with the required fuel.
All information subject to change without notice.
DDC-SVC-MAN-0075 Copyright © 2013 DETROIT DIESEL CORPORATION
163
Engine Storage
8. Close all drain cocks and fill the engine cooling system with clean, soft water
and required inhibitors. If the engine is to be exposed to freezing
temperatures, install genuine Detroit Power Cool antifreeze or an equivalent
ethylene glycol-base or propylene glycol-base antifreeze solution which
provides required freeze, boil over, and inhibitor protection. Refer to section
"How to Select Coolant"
9. Install and connect the battery. Make sure the average specific gravity of the
battery is 1.260 or higher. Charge the battery, if necessary.
10. Service the air cleaner, if required.
11. Transmission: Follow the manufacturer's recommendations covering the
return of the transmission to service.
12. Power Take-Off: If equipped, follow the manufacturer's recommendations
covering the return of the power take-off to service.
13. Turbocharger: Remove the covers from the turbocharger air inlet and turbine
outlet connections. Reconnect piping as required. Pre-lube the turbocharger
center bearing housing. Refer to section "Lubrication System Checks"
14. Fill the cooling system. Refer to section "Cooling System Fill Procedure"
WARNING: ENGINE EXHAUST
To avoid injury from inhaling engine exhaust, always operate the
engine in a well-ventilated area. Engine exhaust is toxic.
15. After all preparations are completed, start the engine.
NOTE: The small amount of rust preventive which remains in the fuel
system will cause smoky exhaust for a few minutes.
NOTE: Before subjecting the engine to a load or high speed, allow it to
reach normal operating temperature.
16. Check for trouble codes.
a. If there are no codes, perform a parked regeneration.
b. If there are codes, repair what is necessary then perform a parked
regeneration.
164
All information subject to change without notice.
Copyright © 2013 DETROIT DIESEL CORPORATION DDC-SVC-MAN-0075
EPA07/10/GHG14 DD Platform Operators Manual
Customer Assistance
The satisfaction and goodwill of the owners of Detroit™ engines are of primary
concern to Detroit™ and its distributor/dealer organizations. Contact the Customer
Support Center at 1-800-445-1980.
Using Road Service in the U.S. or Canada
If you require road service for any reason in the U.S. or Canada, you may call the
1-800-445-1980 customer assistance phone number. An operator will assist you in
determining what type of service is required. Not all problems are engine related
and not all problems are covered by engine or vehicle warranties. YOU MAY BE
RESPONSIBLE FOR REPAIR EXPENSES.
Before calling Customer Assistance, please do the following:
•
•
•
•
•
Check the coolant level.
Check the fuel level.
Check the DDEC fuses.
Check for fuel leaks.
Make sure manual shutoff valve (if installed) on the fuel filter adaptor or fuel
supply line is open.
• Check the oil level on the dipstick.
• Check the diagnostic codes.
If you call, have the following information available:
•
•
•
•
Engine serial number
Vehicle make, model, and VIN
Odometer mileage (kilometers) or hour meter hours
Vehicle owner/company name
Availability of Detroit™ Service Outlets
As the owner of a Detroit™ product, you have a complete network of Detroit™
service outlets in the U.S. and Canada, plus many outlets worldwide that are
prepared to meet your parts and service needs:
•
•
•
•
•
Service by trained personnel
Sales team to help determine your specific power requirements
In many areas, emergency service 24 hours a day
Complete parts support
Product information and literature
We recognize however, that despite the best intentions of everyone concerned,
misunderstandings may occur. Normally, any situation that arises in connection
with the sale, operation or service of your product will be handled by the authorized
All information subject to change without notice.
DDC-SVC-MAN-0075 Copyright © 2013 DETROIT DIESEL CORPORATION
165
Customer Assistance
service outlet in your area (in the U.S. and Canada, check the Yellow Pages or the
service locator at www.demanddetroit.com for Detroit™ service outlet nearest
you).
166
All information subject to change without notice.
Copyright © 2013 DETROIT DIESEL CORPORATION DDC-SVC-MAN-0075
EPA07/10/GHG14 DD Platform Operators Manual
Detroit Genuine Coolant Engine Products
Maintenance of the cooling system requires the chemical makeup of the system to
be balanced.
Detroit Genuine Fully Formulated Inhibited Ethylene Glycol Coolants
The part numbers and sizes of concentrated and pre-blended 50:50 Detroit Genuine
Coolants are listed in the following Tables.
Table 32.
Detroit Genuine Fully Formulated Inhibited Ethylene Glycol Coolants
Coolant Type
Concentrated
Pre-blended 50:50
Part Number
Description
23512138
One Gallon Jug – 6 Per Case
23512139
55 Gallon Drum
23529295
330 Gallon Tote
23512140
Bulk Delivery – 1,000 Gallon Min.
23528203
One Gallon Jug – 6 Per Case
23518918
55 Gallon Drum
23528544
330 Gallon Tote
23513503
Bulk Delivery – 1,000 Gallon Min.
Detroit Genuine Supplemental Coolant Additive Need Release Filters
Detroit Genuine Supplemental Coolant Additive Need Release Filters are shown
below.
Table 33.
Detroit Genuine Supplemental Coolant Additive Need Release Filters
Coolant Type
Part Number
Description
Detroit Genuine Inhibited
Ethylene Glycol Coolant
NF2091
For 0 – 8 Gallon Systems
23516489
For 8 – 20 Gallon Systems
Detroit Genuine Cooling System Cleaners
Detroit Genuine Cooling System Cleaners are shown below.
All information subject to change without notice.
DDC-SVC-MAN-0075 Copyright © 2013 DETROIT DIESEL CORPORATION
167
Detroit Genuine Coolant Engine Products
Table 34.
Detroit Genuine Cooling System Cleaners
Coolant Type
Part Number
Description
200164
One-Half Gallon Jug – 6 Per Case
200105
5 Gallon Pail
200155
55 Gallon Drum
201549
Twin Pack – 2 Per Case
On-Line Cleaner
Twin Pack
Detroit Genuine Fluid Analysis Products
Detroit Genuine Fluid Analysis Products are shown below.
Table 35.
Detroit Genuine Fluid Testing
and Analysis Products
Application
Part Number
Description
Indicates Nitrite, Molybdate &
Glycol Levels
23519401
3-Way Coolant Test Strips
(Single Foil Packs)
Indicates Nitrite, Molybdate &
Glycol Levels
23519402
3-Way Coolant Test Strips (Bottle
of 50)
Indicates Nitrite, Molybdate &
Glycol Levels
23522774
3-Way Coolant Test Strips (Bottle
of 10)
Complete Inhibited Ethylene
Glycol Coolant Analysis
23516921
Coolant Analysis Bottle (Carton
of 6)
Organic Coolant Analysis
23539088
Laboratory Coolant Analysis
168
All information subject to change without notice.
Copyright © 2013 DETROIT DIESEL CORPORATION DDC-SVC-MAN-0075
EPA07/10/GHG14 DD Platform Operators Manual
Engine Oil Capacities
Consult with a Detroit distributor to obtain the proper engine oil filters.
The engine oil capacities for the DD Platform Engine On-Highway Vehicle
application are listed in the following tables. Contact your local Detroit service
center if you need more specific information.
NOTE: There are approximately 5.0 L (5.2 qts) of oil represented from the
fill mark to the full mark.
NOTICE: Overfilling the oil pan can cause engine damage.
Table 36.
Engine Oil Capacities
Truck
DD13
DD15
DD16
Total Dry Engine Oil
Volume
44.0 L (46.5 qt)
49.0 L (51.8 qt)
49.0 L (51.8 qt)
Oil and Filter Change
38.0 L (40.1 qt)
43.0 L (45.4 qt)
43.0 L (45.4 qt)
Remaining in Engine
after Oil Drain
(Includes Filter
Removal)
6.0 L (6.3 qt)
6.0 L (6.3 qt)
6.0 L (6.3 qt)
Dip Stick Min. to
Max. Range
5.0 L (5.2 qt)
5.0 L (5.2 qt)
5.0 L (5.2 qt)
Sump Oil Volume
35.0 L (37.0 qt)
40.0 L (42.3 qt)
40.0 L (42.3 qt)
Table 37.
Engine Oil Capacities
DD13
DD15
DD16
Total Dry Engine Oil
Volume
Coach
51.0 L (53.8 qt)
NA
NA
Oil and Filter Change
45.0 L (47.6 qt)
NA
NA
Remaining in Engine
after Oil Drain
(Includes Filter
Removal)
6.0 L (6.3 qt)
NA
NA
Dip Stick Min. to
Max. Range
5.0 L (5.2 qt)
NA
NA
Sump Oil Volume
42.0 L (44.4 qt)
NA
NA
All information subject to change without notice.
DDC-SVC-MAN-0075 Copyright © 2013 DETROIT DIESEL CORPORATION
169
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