FT-847 OPERATING MANUAL YAESU MUSEN CO., LTD.

FT-847 OPERATING MANUAL YAESU MUSEN CO., LTD.
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FT-847
OPERATING
MANUAL
YAESU MUSEN CO., LTD.
4-8-8 Nakameguro, Meguro-Ku, Tokyo 153-8644, Japan
YAESU U.S.A.
17210 Edwards Rd., Cerritos, CA 90703, U.S.A.
YAESU EUROPE B.V.
P.O. Box 75525 1118 ZN, Schiphol, The Netherlands
YAESU UK LTD.
Unit 12, Sun Valley Business Park, Winnall Close
Winchester, Hampshire, SO23 0LB, U.K.
YAESU GERMANY GmbH
Am Kronberger Hang 2, D-65824 Schwalbach, Germany
YAESU HK LTD.
11th Floor Tsim Sha Tsui Centre, 66 Mody Rd.,
Tsim Sha Tsui East, Kowloon, Hong Kong
Table of Contents
General description .................................................. 1
Specifications ............................................................ 2
Accessories & Options .............................................. 4
Plug Pinout ............................................................... 5
Installation ................................................................ 6
Power Connections ................................................. 6
Grounding............................................................... 8
Base Station Earth Grounding .............................. 8
Mobile Station Grounding .................................... 9
Antenna Considerations ......................................... 10
Base Station Antenna Installations ...................... 10
Mobile Antenna Installations .............................. 11
RF Field Exposure ................................................ 12
Electromagnetic Compatibility .............................. 12
Heat And Ventilation ............................................ 13
Base Station Wire Stand ........................................ 13
Accessory Interfacing ............................................ 14
Linear Amplifier Interfacing ............................... 14
VHF/UHF Preamplifiers .................................... 15
AFSK TNC Connections .................................... 16
FM Packet TNC Interfacing ............................... 17
CW Accessory Interfacing.................................. 18
Receiver Accessories ......................................... 18
Front Panel Controls & Switches ........................... 20
Display Indicators and Icons .................................. 26
Rear Panel Connectors ........................................... 28
Operation ............................................................... 30
Initial Setup .......................................................... 30
Operation Quick Start ............................................ 31
Receiver Operation ............................................... 32
Frequency Navigation ........................................ 32
VFO Operation .................................................. 32
Main VFO Tuning Dial ...................................... 32
SUB-TUNE Knob .............................................. 32
Shuttle JogTM Ring ............................................. 33
MEM/VFO CH Knob......................................... 34
UP and DWN Scanning Keys (Microphone) ....... 34
qBANDp and qMHzp Keys ......................... 35
Direct Frequency Entry via 12-key Keypad ......... 35
Receiver Features .................................................. 36
RF Preamplifiers (Internal) ................................. 36
RF Preamplifiers (External) ................................ 36
Receiver Input Attenuator .................................. 36
AGC (Automatic Gain Control) .......................... 36
RF Gain Control ................................................ 37
IF Noise Blanker ................................................ 37
Clarifier (Receiver Incremental Tuning) ............. 37
DSP Noise Reduction ......................................... 38
Squelch (Receiver Muting) ................................. 38
Voice Synthesizer .............................................. 38
Meterring........................................................... 39
Narrow IF Filters ............................................... 39
IF Shift .............................................................. 40
High Cut/Low Cut Controls (DSP) ..................... 40
Notch Filter (DSP) ............................................. 41
CW Reverse ...................................................... 41
Transmitting.......................................................... 43
SSB Transmission ................................................. 44
Basic Operation ................................................. 44
RF Speech Processor Operation ......................... 45
Voice Monitor ................................................... 45
SSB TX Frequency Response ............................. 45
CW Transmittion .................................................. 46
Straigh Key/External Keying Device Operation .. 46
Electronic Keyer Operation ................................ 48
FM Transmission .................................................. 50
“Channelized” Frequency Navigation ................. 50
Simplex (non-repeater) Operation ....................... 51
Repeater Operation ............................................ 52
DCS (Digital Coded Squelch) Operation ............ 54
DTMF (Autopatch) Operation ............................ 54
Cross-Band Repeater Operation ......................... 55
FM Packet Operation ............................................ 56
AFSK RTTY/Data Operation ................................ 57
AM Transmission .................................................. 58
Operation on Alaska Emergency Frequency ................. 59
Antenna Tuner (FC-20) Operation ......................... 60
Active-Tuning Antenna System (ATAS-100) Operation .... 62
Split Trequency Operation (non-Satellite) .............. 64
Satellite Operation ................................................ 66
Satellite “Memory” Registers ............................. 68
Satellite Metering Options .................................. 68
Satellite Memory Labeling ................................. 69
Memory Operation ................................................. 70
QMB (Quick Memory Bank) ................................. 70
Main Memory System ........................................... 71
Normal (“Simplex”) Memory Storage................. 71
Split-Frequency Memory Storage ....................... 72
Memory Cannel Recall ....................................... 73
“Home” Channel Memory .................................. 74
Erasing Individual Memories .............................. 75
Erasing All Memories ........................................ 75
Smart SearchTM ....................................................... 76
Priority Channel Operation ................................... 77
Scanning Operation ................................................ 78
Memory Channel “Skip” Feature ........................ 79
Programmable Memory Scan ................................ 80
WeatherFax Monitoring ........................................ 81
Menu System .......................................................... 82
Activation of Menu System and Parameter Setting . 82
Menu System Selection Chart ................................ 83
Menu Selection Details ......................................... 84
Satellite Memory Alpha-Numeric Tag Programming ... 88
CAT System Programming .................................. 91
Transceiver-to-Transceiver Cloning ...................... 94
Installation of Optional Accessories ....................... 95
Optional Filters (YF-112S-02/YF-115C) ............... 95
Optional Voice Synthsizer Unit (FVS-1A) ............. 96
CPU Resetting & Memory Backup ........................ 97
In Case of Trouble ... .............................................. 98
Appendix .............................................................. 100
EME (Earth-Moon-Earth) Operation ................... 100
High-Speed CW Meteor Scatter Operation .......... 102
General Description
HF + V • UHF ALL MODE TRANSCEIVER
FT-847
The exciting new Yaesu FT-847 Earth Station is a revolutionary multimode transceiver providing coverage of all
nine HF Amateur bands, plus VHF/UHF coverage of the 50, 144, and 430 MHz bands.
The FT-847 Earth Station provides 100 Watts of power output on 160 through 6 meters, and 50 Watts output on
144 MHz and 430 MHz. General-coverage HF receive capability is provided, along with VHF/UHF reception at
37~76 MHz, 108~174 MHz, and 420~512 MHz. Independent antenna ports are provided: one each for HF, 50
MHz, 144 MHz, and 430 MHz.
The front panel’s multi-function blue display includes dual frequency registers, digital metering, and a wide variety of status displays. The FT-847’s compact size makes it ideal either for base station, field day, vacation, or VHF/
UHF “rover” expeditions.
Important features of the FT-847 Earth Station include: crossband full duplex capability with normal/inverted
tracking for satellite work; built-in low-noise preamplifiers; DSP Noise Reduction, Notch, and Bandpass Filters;
AFSK I/O port for teletype, HF packet, AMTOR, or high-speed CW work; 1200/9600 bps packet jack for VHF/
UHF; two tuning knobs plus Shuttle-Jog™ dial for easy frequency navigation; direct keyboard frequency entry;
Digital Speech Processor; adjustable CW pitch/sidetone; alpha-numeric label tags for labeling satellite memories;
built-in CW electronic keyer with weight control; built-in CTCSS/DCS encode-decode operation for FM; and a
high-speed (up to 57600 bps) CAT port for external computer control. Available options include Collins® Mechanical IF Filters for SSB and CW, and the FVS-1A Voice Synthesizer for visually impaired operators.
Thank you for your investment in the FT-847 Earth Station. We recommend that you read this manual in its
entirety as soon as possible, so as to gain a fuller understanding of the many capabilities of your new transceiver.
FT-847 OPERATING MANUAL
1
Specifications
GENERAL
Frequency Range:
Emission Modes:
Synthesizer Steps (Min.):
Antenna Impedance:
Operating Temp. Range:
Frequency Stability:
Power Requirements:
Current Consumption:
Case Size:
Weight:
Receive
100 kHz - 36.99 MHz
37 - 76 MHz
108 - 174 MHz
420 - 512 MHz
160 - 6 Meters
Transmit
2 Meters
70 Centimeters
(Amateur bands only)
5.1675 MHz (Alaska Emergency Channel)
USB, LSB, CW, AM, FM, F1 (9600 bps Packet), F2 (1200 bps Packet), AFSK
0.1 Hz (CW/SSB)
10 Hz (AM/FM)
50Ω, Unbalanced
−10ºC to +50ºC (14ºF to 122ºF)
Better than ±2 ppm (0ºC to +40ºC) SSB/CW/AM/AFSK
Better than ±5 ppm (−10ºC to +50ºC) SSB/CW/AM/AFSK
Better than ±{1 kHz ±5 ppm} FM
DC 13.8V —
--- ±10%, Negative Ground
Receive (Squelched): 1.5A
Receive (Max. Audio): 2.0A
Transmit: 22A (@ 100W RF output)
260(W) x 86(H) x 270(D) mm (10.24” x 3.39” x 10.63”)
Approximately 7 kg (14.4 lbs.)
TRANSMITTER
Power Output:
160 - 6m: 100 Watts (25 Watts AM carrier)
2m/70cm: 50 Watts (12.5 Watts AM carrier)
Modulation Types:
SSB: Balanced Modulator
FM: Variable Reactance
AM: Early Stage (Low Level)
FM Maximum Deviation:
±5 kHz (±2.5 kHz on FM-N)
Spurious Radiation:
Harmonics: At least 40 dB down (1.8 - 29.7 MHz)
At least 60 dB down (50/144/430 MHz)
Non-harmonic: At least 50 dB down (1.8 - 29.7 MHz)
At least 60 dB down (50/144/430 MHz)
Carrier Suppression:
At least 40 dB
Opp. Sideband Suppression: At least 40 dB
3rd-Order IMD:
At least 31 dB down (14 MHz, 100W PEP output)
SSB Frequency Response:
400 Hz - 2600 Hz (−6 dB)
Microphone Impedance:
200Ω - 10kΩ (Supplied microphone: 600Ω)
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FT-847 OPERATING MANUAL
Specifications
RECEIVER
Sensitivity:
500 kHz - 1.8 MHz:
1.8 - 28 MHz:
28 - 30 MHz:
50 - 54 MHz:
144/430 MHz:
SSB/CW
−
0.25 µV
0.25 µV
0.20 µV
0.125 µV
AM-N
20 µV
2 µV
2 µV
1 µV
−
FM
−
−
0.5 µV
0.25 µV
0.2 µV
(Above specifications are worst-case. SSB/CW/AM-N figures are for 10 dB S/N, 12 dB SINAD on FM)
Squelch Sensitivity:
Image Rejection:
IF Rejection:
Selectivity (−6/−60 dB):
Audio Output:
Audio output impedance:
SSB/CW/AM
FM
500 kHz - 1.8 MHz:
20 µV
−
1.8 - 28 MHz:
2 µV
−
28 - 30 MHz:
2 µV
0.25 µV
50 - 54 MHz:
1 µV
0.20 µV
144/430 MHz:
0.5 µV
0.16 µV
Better than 60 dB
Better than 60 dB
SSB/CW: 2.2 kHz/4.5 kHz
CW-N:
0.5 kHz/2.0 kHz (Optional YF-115C installed)
AM:
9 kHz/20 kHz
AM-N:
2.2 kHz/4.5 kHz
FM:
15 kHz /30 kHz
FM-N:
9 kHz/20 kHz
At least 1.5W into 8Ω @ 10% THD
4Ω - 16Ω
Specifications are subject to change, in the interest of improvement, without notice or obligation.
Specifications are guaranteed only within Amateur bands.
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FT-847 OPERATING MANUAL
3
Accessories & Options
SUPPLIED ACCESSORIES
Quantity
Item
MH-31B8 Hand Microphone .............................................................................................................................1
DC Cable fused for 25 Amps (T9019925) .........................................................................................................1
Spare 25 Amp Fuse (Q0000074) .......................................................................................................................1
AVAILABLE OPTIONS
MH-36D8
MD-100A8X
YF-115S-02
YF-115C
FC-20
ATAS-100
FVS-1A
MMB-66
FP-1030A
FP-1023
CT-39
CT-61
RCA Connector
5-pin Mini DIN Plug
3-pin Phone Plug
2-pin Miniature Plug
4
DTMF Microphone
Desk-Top Microphone
SSB Filter (Collins® Mechanical Filter)
CW Filter (Collins® Mechanical Filter)
Automatic Antenna Tuner
Active-Tuning Antenna System
Voice Synthesizer Unit
Mobile Mounting Bracket
AC Power Supply, Linear Type (25A)
AC Power Supply, Switching Regulator Type (23A) (U.S.A. only)
Packet Cable
STBY Cable
(P/N P0090544)
(P/N P0090976)
(P/N P0090008)
(P/N P0090034)
FT-847 OPERATING MANUAL
Plug Pinout
FT-847 OPERATING MANUAL
5
Installation
POWER CONNECTIONS
The DC power connector for the FT-847 must only be
connected to a DC source providing 13.8 Volts DC
(±10%), and capable of at least 22 Amperes of current. Always observe proper polarity when making DC
connections:
The RED DC power lead connects to the POSITIVE
(+) DC terminal; and
The BLACK DC power lead connects to the NEGATIVE (-) DC terminal.
For base station installations, Yaesu recommends the
use of the FP-1025 or FP-1030A AC power supplies.
Other models of power supplies may be used with the
FT-847, but the 13.8V DC input voltage, 22-Ampere
current capability, and DC cable polarity guidelines
described above must be strictly followed.
6
Note that other manufacturers may use the same type
of DC power connections as does your FT-847 transceiver, but the wiring configuration of the other
manufacturer’s plug may be different from that specified for your transceiver. Serious damage can be caused
if improper DC connections are made; consult with a
qualified service technician when in doubt.
In mobile installations, noise pickup may be minimized
by connecting the DC cable directly to your vehicle’s
battery, rather than to the ignition switch or “accessory” circuitry. Direct connection to the battery also
provides the best voltage stability.
FT-847 OPERATING MANUAL
Installation
POWER CONNECTIONS
Tips for Successful
Mobile Installations:
r Before connecting the DC cable to the battery, measure the voltage across the battery terminals with
the engine running fast enough to show a charge. If
the voltage is above 15 Volts, the vehicle’s voltage
regulator should be adjusted to reduce the charging voltage to 14 Volts or lower.
r Route the DC cable as far away from the ignition
cables as possible, and cut off any excess cable
(from the battery end) to minimize voltage drop.
r If the DC cable is not long enough, use #12 AWG
(minimum) stranded, insulated wire to extend it.
Be certain to solder the connections at the splice
securely, and provide ample insulation for the soldered splice (heat shrink tubing plus black electrical tape work well).
r Be sure that the POWER switch on the FT-847 is
OFF when connecting the DC cable’s connector
to the rear panel 13.8VDC jack.
r Be sure that the POWER switch on the FT-847 is
OFF when starting your car. There initially may
be no voltage regulation, which may cause erratic
operation of your transceiver’s microprocessor.
r Check the battery terminal connections frequently
to be sure they are tight and not corroded.
FT-847 OPERATING MANUAL
Caution
Permanent damage can result if improper supply voltage, or reverse-polarity voltage, is applied to the FT-847. The Limited Warranty on
this transceiver does not cover damage caused
by application of AC voltage, reversed polarity
DC, or DC voltage outside the specified range
of 13.8V ±10%.
When replacing fuses, be certain to use a fuse
of the proper rating. The FT-847 requires a 25A
fast-blow fuse.
7
Installation
GROUNDING
The provision of an effective ground system is imporBase Station Earth
tant in any successful communications station. A good
Grounding
ground system can contribute to station efficiency in a
number of ways:
r It can minimize the possibility of electrical shock
to the operator.
r It can minimize RF currents flowing on the shield
of the coaxial cable and the chassis of the transceiver which may cause interference to nearby
home entertainment devices or laboratory test
equipment.
r It can minimize the possibility of erratic transceiver
operation caused by RF feedback or improper current flow through logic devices.
An effective earth ground system may take several
forms; for a more complete discussion, see an appropriate RF engineering text. The information presented
below is intended only as a guideline.
Typically, the ground connection consists of one or
more copper-clad steel rods, driven into the ground. If
multiple ground rods are used, they should be configured in a “V” configuration, and bonded together at
the apex of the V which is nearest the station location.
Use a heavy, braided cable (such as the discarded shield
from type RG-213 coaxial cable) and strong cable
clamps to secure the braided cables to the ground rods.
Be sure to weatherproof the connections to ensure
many years of reliable service. Use the same type of
heavy, braided cable for the connections to the station
ground bus (described below).
Do not use gas line pipes in an attempt to provide a
ground connection! To do so creates a serious risk of
explosion!!
Inside the station, a common ground bus consisting of
a copper pipe of at least 25 mm (1”) diameter should
be used. An alternative station ground bus may consist of a wide copper plate (single-sided circuit board
material is ideal) secured to the bottom of the operating desk. Grounding connections from individual devices such as transceivers, power supplies, and data
communications devices should be made directly to
the ground bus using a heavy, braided cable.
Do not make ground connections from one electrical
device to another, and thence to the ground bus. This
so-called “Daisy Chain” grounding technique may
nullify any attempt at effective radio frequency grounding. See the drawings below for examples of proper
and improper ground connections.
Inspect the ground system − inside the station as well
as outside − on a regular basis so as to ensure maximum performance and safety.
8
FT-847 OPERATING MANUAL
Installation
GROUNDING
Mobile Station Grounding
Although satisfactory grounding in most installations
will be achieved via the DC cable’s negative lead and
the antenna system’s coaxial cable shield, it is often
recommended that you provide a direct ground connection to the vehicle chassis at the mounting location of the transceiver. Due to unexpected resonances
which may naturally occur in any location, improper
communication system performance may result from
insufficient grounding. These symptoms may include:
l RF feedback (resulting in distortion of your
transmitted signal);
l Unintended frequency change;
l Blinking or blanking of the frequency display;
l Noise pickup; and/or
l Loss of memory.
Note that these conditions may occur in any communications installation. The FT-847 includes extensive
filtering designed to minimize the chance of such problems; however, random currents set up by insufficient
RF grounding can nullify such filtering. Bonding the
rear panel Ground lug of the FT-847 transceiver to the
vehicle or vessel’s ground system should clear up any
such difficulties.
Yaesu does not recommend the use of “on glass” mobile antennas unless the shield of the coaxial cable is
securely grounded near the feedpoint of the antenna.
Such antennas frequently are responsible for the
ground-related difficulties described above.
FT-847 OPERATING MANUAL
9
Installation
ANTENNA CONSIDERATIONS
The antenna systems connected to your FT-847 transBase Station Antenna
ceiver are, of course, critically important in ensuring
Installations
successful communications. The FT-847 is designed
for use with any antenna system providing a 50Ω resistive impedance at the desired operating frequency.
While minor excursions from the 50Ω specification
are of no consequence, the power amplifier’s protection circuitry will begin to reduce the power output of
there is more than a 50% divergence from the specified impedance (less than 33Ω or greater than 75Ω,
corresponding to a Standing Wave Ratio (SWR) of
1.5:1).
Four antenna jacks are provided on the rear panel of
the FT-847, using two different types of connectors.
Three of these jacks are “Type M” (SO-239) jacks;
these are the HF, 50 MHz, and 144 MHz jacks. The
other jack is a “Type N” jack, which is the 430 MHz
jack.
The center pins of these two jack types are of very
different diameters, and damage (not covered by your
transceiver’s Limited Warranty) will be caused if you
attempt to connect a Type M (PL-259) plug to the 430
MHz Type N jack. It is best to confirm visually that
you are connecting your coaxial cables to the correct
jacks.
Guidelines for successful base and mobile station installations are shown below.
When installing a “balanced” antenna such as a Yagi
or dipole, remember that the FT-847 is designed for
use with an (unbalanced) coaxial feedline. Always
use a balun or other balancing device so as to ensure
proper antenna system performance.
Use high-quality 50Ω coaxial cable for the lead-in to
your FT-847 transceiver. All efforts at providing an
efficient antenna system will be wasted if poor quality, lossy coaxial cable is used. Losses in coaxial lines
increase as the frequency increases, so a coaxial line
with 0.5 dB of loss at 7 MHz may have 6 dB of loss at
432 MHz (thereby consuming 75% of your
transceiver’s power output!). As a general rule, smallerdiameter coaxial cables tend to have higher losses than
larger-diameter cables, although the precise differences
depend on the cable construction, materials, and the
quality of the connectors used with the cable. See the
cable manufacturers’ specifications for details.
For reference, the chart below shows approximate loss
figures for typically-available coaxial cables frequently
used in HF installations.
Loss in dB per 30m (100 feet)
for Selected 50Ω Coaxial Cables
(Assumes 50Ω Input/Output Terminations)
1.8 MHz
L OSS
28 MHz
432 MHz
RG-58A
0.55
2.60
>10
RG-58 Foam
0.54
2.00
8.0
RG-8X
0.39
1.85
7.0
RG-8A, RG-213
0.27
1.25
5.9
RG-8 Foam
0.22
0.88
3.7
Belden 9913
0.18
0.69
2.9
7/8" "Hardline"
<0.1
0.25
1.3
C ABLE T YPE
Loss figures are approximate;
consult cable manufacturers'
catalogs for complete specifications.
10
FT-847 OPERATING MANUAL
Installation
ANTENNA CONSIDERATIONS
Always locate antennas such that they can never come
Mobile Antenna Installations
in contact with outdoor power lines in the event of a
catastrophic support or power-pole structural failure.
Ground your antennas’ support structure(s) adequately,
so as to dissipate energy absorbed during a lightning
strike. Install appropriate lightning arrestors in the
antenna coaxial cables (and rotator cables, if rotary
antennas are used).
In the event of an approaching electrical storm, disconnect all antenna lead-in, rotator cables, and power
cables completely from your station if the storm is
not immediately in your area. Do not allow disconnected cables to touch the case of your FT-847 transceiver or accessories, as lightning can easily jump from
the cable to the circuitry of your transceiver via the
case, causing irreparable damage. If a lightning storm
is in progress in your immediate area, do not attempt
to disconnect the cables, as you could be killed instantly if lightning should strike your antenna structure or a nearby power line.
If a vertical antenna is utilized, be certain that humans
and/or pets and farm animals are kept away both from
the radiating element (to prevent electrical shock and
RF exposure danger) and the ground system (in the
event of an electrical storm). The buried radials of a
ground-mounted vertical antenna can carry lethal voltages outward from the center of the antenna in the
event of a direct lightning strike.
Photo
Horizontal Loop
for SSB/CW Operation
FT-847 OPERATING MANUAL
Mobile antennas for the HF bands, with the possible
exception of those designed for 28 MHz, display very
high “Q” due to the fact that they must be physically
shortened, then resonated using a loading coil. Additional system bandwidth may be realized using the
Yaesu FC-20 Automatic Antenna Tuner, which will
present a 50Ω impedance to your transceiver on the
1.8 ~ 50 MHz bands so long as the SWR on the coaxial line connected to the FC-20 is below 3:1.
On the VHF and UHF bands, coaxial line
losses increase so rapidly in the presence of
SWR that we recommend that all antenna
matching to 50Ω be performed at the antenna
feedpoint.
Yaesu’s Active-Tuned Antenna System
(ATAS-100) is a unique HF/VHF/UHF mobile antenna system, which provides automatic tuning when used with the FT-847. See
page 62 for full details on the ATAS-100.
For VHF/UHF weak-signal (CW/SSB) operation, remember that the antenna polarization standard for these modes is horizontal,
not vertical, so you must use a loop or otherwise horizontally-polarized antenna so as to
avoid cross-polarization loss of signal
strength (which can be 20 dB or more!). On
HF, signals propagated via the ionosphere
develop mixed polarizations, so antenna selection may be made strictly on mechanical
considerations; vertical antennas are almost
always utilized on HF for this reason.
11
Installation
RF FIELD EXPOSURE
ELECTROMAGNETIC COMPATIBILITY
This transceiver is capable of power output in excess
of 50 Watts, so customers in the United States may be
required to demonstrate compliance with Federal Communications Commission (FCC) regulations concerning maximum permissible exposure to radio frequency
energy. Compliance is based on the actual power output used, feedline loss, antenna type and height, and
other factors which can only be evaluated as a system.
If this transceiver is used with, or in the vicinity of, a
computer or computer-driven accessories, you may
need to experiment with grounding and/or Radio Frequency Interference (RFI) suppression devices (such
as ferrite cores) to minimize interference to your communications caused by energy from the computer.
Computer-generated RFI is usually a result of inadequate shielding of the computer’s cabinet or I/O and
peripheral connections. While computer equipment
may “comply” with RF emission standards, this does
not ensure that sensitive amateur radio receivers like
the FT-847 will not experience interference from the
device!
Information regarding these regulations may be available from your Dealer, your local radio club, from the
FCC directly (press releases and other information can
be found on the FCC’s site on the World Wide Web at
<http://www.fcc.gov>), or from the American Radio
Relay League, Inc. (225 Main St., Newington CT
06111 or <http://www.arrl.org>).
Although there is negligible radio frequency (RF) leakage from the FT-847 transceiver itself, its antenna system should be located as far away from humans and
animals as practicable, so as to avoid the possibility of
shock due to accidental contact with the antenna or
excessive long-term exposure to RF energy. During
mobile operation, do not transmit if someone is standing adjacent to your antenna, and use the lowest power
possible.
Never stand in front of an antenna (during testing or
operation) when RF power is applied, especially in
the case of 430 MHz directional arrays. The 50 Watt
power output supplied by the FT-847, combined with
the directivity of a beam antenna, can cause immediate heating of human or animal tissues, and may cause
other undesirable medical effects.
12
Be certain to use only shielded cables for TNC-toTransceiver connections. You may need to install AC
line filters on the power cord(s) of the suspected equipment, and decoupling ferrite toroidal chokes may be
required on interconnecting patch/data cables. As a
last resort, you can try installing additional shielding
within the computer’s case, using appropriate conductive mesh or conductive shielding tape. Especially
check “RF holes” where plastic is used for cabinet front
panels.
For further information, consult amateur radio reference guides and publications relating to RFI suppression techniques.
FT-847 OPERATING MANUAL
Installation
HEAT AND VENTILATION
BASE STATION WIRE STAND
To ensure long life of the components, be certain to
provide adequate ventilation around the cabinet of the
FT-847. The cooling system of the transceiver must
be free to draw cool air in from the side of the transceiver and expel warm air from the rear of the transceiver.
The heavy wire stand on the bottom of the transceiver
allows the transceiver to be tilted upward for better
viewing. Simply fold the stand forward to raise the
front of the transceiver, and fold it back against the
bottom case to lower the front of the FT-847.
Do not install the transceiver on top of another heatgenerating device (such as a linear amplifier), and do
not place equipment, books, or papers on top of the
transceiver. Place the transceiver on a hard, flat, stable
surface. Avoid heating vents and window locations that
could expose the transceiver to excessive direct sunlight, especially in hot climates.
Note: Do not use the wire stand as a carrying handle,
as it could slip out of its mount, causing the transceiver to be dropped! Use the carrying handle on the
side of the FT-847 for transport purposes.
FT-847 OPERATING MANUAL
13
Installation
ACCESSORY INTERFACING
The FT-847 may be connected to a wide variety of
accessories in your amateur station. Wherever possible
(e.g. PTT, ALC, KEY, SPKR, PKT, DATA, CAT,
ANTENNA) commonly-accepted standard connectors
have been used for accessory interfacing so as to minimize the need for “custom” cabling.
Linear Amplifier Interfacing
The FT-847 provides the switching and control lines
required for easy interfacing to most all commonlyavailable amplifiers used today.
These include:
l Separate RF output jacks for HF, 50 MHz, 144
MHz, and 430 MHz;
l Separate T/R control lines (open-circuit on RX,
closure to ground on TX); and
l A negative-going ALC jack (control voltage
range: 0 to −4V DC).
Important Note!
Do not exceed the maximum voltage or current
ratings for the STBY jack. This jack is not compatible with negative DC voltages, nor AC voltages of any magnitude.
Most amplifier control relay coils require much
lower voltage/current switching capability (typically, +12V DC at 25-75 mA), and the switching transistors in the FT-847 will easily accommodate such amplifiers.
Typical amplifier interface circuits are shown below.
Note that some amplifiers, particularly VHF or UHF
“brick” amplifiers, offer two methods of T/R switching: application of +13V or a closure to ground. Be
sure to configure your amplifier so that it switches via
a closure to ground, as provided by your FT-847.
The T/R control lines are transistor “open collector”
circuits, capable of handling positive amplifier relay
coil voltage of up to +24V DC and current of up to
100 mA.
STBY Cable
ALC Cable
14
FT-847 OPERATING MANUAL
Installation
ACCESSORY INTERFACING
VHF/UHF Preamplifiers
For maximum improvement of system noise figure,
VHF and (especially) UHF preamplifiers should be
located as close to the antenna feedpoint as possible.
This puts the preamplifier’s low-noise-figure gain
ahead of the loss in the coaxial cable feedline.
The FT-847 provides the capability to deliver +12V
DC at up to 300 mA via the 144 MHz and/or 430 MHz
antenna jacks, for those preamplifiers equipped to receive DC power via the coaxial cable. Menu items #29
and #30 provide the following operational settings:
l In the “INT” mode, the internal preamplifier of
the FT-847 is used, and no DC power is delivered to the rear panel antenna jack(s).
l In the “ANT” mode, the internal preamplifier is
bypassed, and +12V DC is delivered to the antenna jack(s).
Menu #29 controls the setting for the 144 MHz antenna jack, while Menu #30 controls the setting for
the 430 MHz antenna jack. These settings are totally
independent, so each antenna port may be set for the
configuration you desire on that particular band.
Caution!
Check your antenna system switching carefully
before activating the “ANT” setting of Menu #29
or #30. If there are any antennas in your system
which present a DC Ground when checked with
an Ohmmeter, you should be certain that there
is no way that such an antenna can be connected
directly to the FT-847 (without the intervening
preamplifier). Direct connection of a DC short
to ground will instantly destroy the transistor
passing the +12V DC to the antenna jack.
This trouble may be avoided by putting your
antenna switch(es) in a remote position on the
antenna side of the preamplifier, so that all antennas are isolated from the FT-847 by the
preamp(s).
The Limited Warranty for the FT-847 does not
cover damage caused by improper installation.
Check your antennas before connecting them
to be sure!
Note: the default selection for both Menu #29
and #30 is set to “INT” at the factory to avoid
accidental damage to your transceiver.
If you wish to use both the internal preamplifier and a
very-low-noise tower-mounted preamp, set Menu #29
and/or #30 to “INT” and supply DC power to your
preamp(s) via a separate DC cable.
FT-847 OPERATING MANUAL
15
Installation
ACCESSORY INTERFACING
Caution!
AFSK TNC Connections
Some digital modes, such as RTTY (Radio
(for HF RTTY and Packet, etc.)
TeleType), require continuous key-down transThe FT-847 is easy to connect to most all Terminal
Node Controllers (TNCs) or other digital modem units
used for RTTY, HF Packet, and other digital modes
utilizing either USB or LSB.
Audio Frequency-Shifted Keying (AFSK) operation
for HF Baudot, AMTOR, 300 bps Packet, etc. is provided via the rear-panel DATA IN/OUT terminal.
The tip connector of this jack accepts “TX Audio”
from the TNC; the optimum level is 20 mV at 10 kΩ
impedance. The ring connector provides “RX Audio”
from the FT-847’s receiver. This is fixed-level audio
200 mV at 10 kΩ, not affected by the setting of the
front panel’s AF control.
The other connection required for AFSK operation is
PTT control of the transceiver’s transmit/receive status. Use the illustration below to connect the TNC’s
PTT line to the DATA IN/OUT terminal.
mission. While the internal fan is designed to
protect your transceiver from excessive heat, full
key-down output for long periods is not recommended. Especially during hot or humid
weather, we recommend minimizing continuous
full-power transmit time to ensure long life of
the transceiver components, with a three-minute
maximum being recommended (with a five
minute “rest” period thereafter).
If possible, adjust the transmit audio input level
to restrict the power output to 50 Watts or less
on HF, 25 Watts or less on 144/430 MHz, if
longer transmissions (and/or shorter “rest” periods) are required.
Typical connection information is presented below.
Note: If you use the rear-panel’s “PTT” jack for AFSK
operation, the transceiver will operate in the “SSB”
mode, with the microphone connected. Activating PTT
via the DATA IN/OUT jack disconnects the microphone.
16
FT-847 OPERATING MANUAL
Installation
ACCESSORY INTERFACING
Most modern TNCs use a PLL-type DCD (Data CarFM Packet TNC Interfacing
rier Detect) circuit, so you will generally not need to
The FT-847 provides a convenient rear-panel PKT jack
for easy connections to your TNC. The connections to
this jack are in accordance with a standard adopted by
many amateur-product manufacturers. However, we
recommend that you verify the connections to any cable
you already own by comparison to the pictorial below.
Only the “Main” band may be used for packet operation, as there are no connections to the “Sub” band via
the PKT jack.
The FT-847’s PKT jack connections are optimized for
the data transmission and reception speed in use. In
accordance with industry standards, the signal levels,
impedances, and bandwidths are significantly different on 9600 bps as opposed to 1200 bps. If your TNC
does not provide multiple lines to accommodate such
optimization, you may still be able to utilize your TNC,
if it is designed for multiple-radio use, by connecting
the TNC “Radio 1” port to the 1200 bps lines on the
FT-847, and the “Radio 2” port to the 9600 bps lines.
For ease in making connections to your TNC, the optional CT-39 Packet Cable for the FT-847 is available
from your Yaesu dealer. With reference to the “PKT
Jack Pin Connections” chart and data jack pinout
pictorial on this page, you may connect your TNC in
minutes using the color code information provided.
connect anything to the Squelch Control line (Pin 6)
of the PKT jack.
Note that 9600 bps packet transmit-deviation adjustment is very critical to successful operation, and can
only be accomplished using a calibrated deviation
meter (such as that found on an FM Service Monitor
used in a communications service center). In most
cases, the Packet Data Input level (set via a potentiometer inside the TNC) must be adjusted to provide a
deviation of ±2.75 kHz (±0.25 kHz). Check with your
packet node’s sysop if you have any questions about
the appropriate deviation level for your network.
The setting of the 1200 bps Packet Data Input level is
much less critical, and satisfactory adjustment to the
optimum (±2.5 ~ ±3.5 kHz) deviation can usually be
done “by ear” by adjusting the TNC’s 1200 bps TX
Audio Level potentiometer so that the outgoing packets (as monitored on a separate VHF or UHF receiver)
are slightly lower than the level of your speech. If you
have the optional MH-36D8 DTMF Microphone, set
your TNC’s tone output to be about the same level as
that of the DTMF tones produced by the MH-36D8.
The “RX 1200” and “RX 9600” lines are fixed-level
audio outputs, not affected by the setting of the AF
(GAIN) control. Selection of the Packet Baud Rate to
be used is performed via Menu #23. See the section
on “FM PACKET OPERATION” on page 56 for details.
PKT Jack Pin Connections
Pin
Label
Notes
Packet Data Input
Impedance: 10 k Ω
1
PKD
Max. Input Level:
40 mV pp @ 1200bps
2.0 V pp @ 9600bps
2
GND
Signal Ground
3
PTT
Ground on Transmit
4
RX9600
9600bps Packet Data Out
Impedance: 10 k Ω
Max. Output Level: 500 mV pp
5
RX1200
6
SQL
1200bps Packet Data Out
Impedance: 10 k Ω
Max. Output Level: 300 mV pp
Squelch Control
Squelch Open: +5V
Squelch Closed: 0V
FT-847 OPERATING MANUAL
17
Installation
ACCESSORY INTERFACING
CW Accessory Interfacing
Receiver Accessories
All commonly-available keyer paddles should work
perfectly with the built-in Electronic Keyer. The wiring configuration for the paddle is shown below.
For straight-key operation, only the tip and shaft connections are used.
Note: Even when using a straight key, you must use a
three-conductor (“stereo”) plug. If a two-conductor plug is used, the key line will be constantly shorted to ground.
When using an external electronic keyer, be absolutely
certain that it is configured for “positive” keying, not
“negative” or “grid block” keying. The “key-up” voltage of the FT-847 is +5V, and the “key-down” current
is only about 2 mA.
(TAPE RECORDER, WEATHERFAX DEMODULATOR, etc.)
For weak-signal VHF work, including meteor scatter
and EME (Moonbounce), it often is desirable to record
your contacts for future reference. During high-speed
CW meteor-scatter schedules, tape recording (or feed
of RX Audio to a computer) is required for decoding
of the incoming signal bursts.
Connection of a tape recorder, WeatherFax demodulator, or other receiver accessory is easily accomplished
using the DATA IN/OUT jack’s Ring connector, as
shown in the illustration below. The audio output level
is fixed at 20 mV with an impedance of 10 kΩ.
For CW automated keying using a personal computer,
with an external memory keyer providing for manual
sending, it usually is possible to connect the keyed
lines together via a “Y” connector, as shown below.
Check with the documentation accompanying your
keyer and your contest/DX software for any cautions
which need to be observed.
18
FT-847 OPERATING MANUAL
Installation
NOTE
FT-847 OPERATING MANUAL
19
Front Panel Controls & Switches
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(1) POWER Switch
(3) TUNER Switch
This latching-type switch turns the transceiver on and
off. Push the switch in to turn the transceiver on, and
push it again to turn the power off.
This switch activates the optional (external) FC-20
Automatic Antenna Tuner of the optional ATAS-100
Active-Tuning Antenna System. A momentary touch
of this switch places the Antenna Tuner in line (reception is not affected). Pressing and holding this switch
in for ½ second activates the Automatic Matching
Mode, in which a carrier is generated and the tuner or
antenna’s microprocessor makes adjustments so as to
present a 50Ω impedance to the transmitter’s antenna
port.
CAUTION: Be certain to have an antenna or dummy load
connected to the appropriate antenna jack
before initiating Automatic Antenna Tuner
matching procedures.
(2) MOX Switch
This latching-type switch is used to switch the transceiver manually into the transmit mode (it thereby
duplicates the action of the microphone Push-To-Talk
[PTT] switch). Press it in to activate the transmit mode,
and press it again to release the transceiver back into
the receive mode.
CAUTION: Be sure to have an antenna or dummy load
connected to the appropriate antenna jack
when this switch is pushed. Failure to do so
may cause damage to the transceiver’s final
amplifier stage.
(4) PHONE Jack
This ¼” 3-pin (“stereo”) jack is used for connection
to your headphones. When a plug is inserted into this
jack, the internal (or external) speaker will be cut off.
This jack’s impedance is optimized for use with 16Ω
to 32Ω headphone types.
20
FT-847 OPERATING MANUAL
Front Panel Controls & Switches
(5) MIC Jack
(11) RF AMP Switch
This 8-pin connector accepts microphone input, as well
as providing PTT, ground, and scanning control access. Optimum microphone impedance is 500Ω ~
600Ω.
This switch turns the receiver RF preamplifiers on and
off. When this switch is pressed, the “RF AMP” icon
will appear on the display panel, signifying that the
receiver input preamplifier is activated. When this
switch is pressed again, “RF AMP” will disappear, and
the preamp will be bypassed. Best receiver sensitivity
occurs when the RF preamplifier is on; however, in a
noisy location (or on the HF bands below about 10
MHz) the RF preamplifier may not be necessary.
(6) MIC/RF PWR Controls
The inner MIC control adjusts the microphone input
level in the SSB, AM, and FM modes (see Menu #25
on page 86 regarding FM operation). Clockwise rotation increases the microphone gain level.
The outer RF PWR control adjusts the transmitter’s
power output, and adjustment is available in all modes.
Clockwise rotation increases the power output.
(7) SQL/KEYER SPEED Controls
The inner SQL control sets the signal threshold at
which receiver audio is muted (in all modes). Most
frequently used during FM operation, this control must
be rotated fully counter-clockwise for most SSB, CW,
or AM operation.
The outer KEYER SPEED control sets the sending
speed for the built-in Electronic Keyer. Clockwise rotation increases the sending speed.
(8) ATT Switch
This switch may be used to insert a 10 dB attenuator
in the receiver front end to minimize the potential for
overload. The “ATT” icon will appear on the display
when the attenuator is on. Best receiver sensitivity will,
of course, occur when no attenuation is used.
(9) AGC-F Switch
Pressing this switch activates “Fast” recovery time for
the receiver’s Automatic Gain Control system. The
“AGC-F” selection is generally preferred for CW operation and, on SSB, during rapid-fading conditions.
(10) PROC/KEYER Switch
This is a dual-function switch, the effect of which depends on the operating mode:
l In the SSB mode, pressing this switch activates
the RF Speech Processor, which provides enhanced “talk power” for use under difficult conditions. When activated, the “PROC” icon will
appear on the display panel.
l In the CW mode, pressing this switch activates
the built-in Electronic Keyer circuit. When activated, the “K E Y E R ” icon will appear on the
display panel.
FT-847 OPERATING MANUAL
(12) NB Switch
Pressing this switch activates the IF Noise Blanker,
which may help reduce many different types of manmade impulse noise (but not atmospherics). When the
Noise Blanker is activated, the “NB” icon will appear
on the display panel.
(13) MONI Switch
Pressing this switch activates the SSB voice monitor,
which allows the operator to monitor voice characteristics during adjustment of, for example, the Speech
Processor. In the CW mode, pressing this switch activates the CW sidetone monitor. In either mode, the
“M O N I” icon will appear when the monitor is activated. The MONITOR feature does not, however, function in the SSB mode during Satellite operation, as it
would interfere with your ability to monitor your own
downlink signal.
(14) AF/RF Controls
The inner AF control adjusts the receiver volume level
presented to the speaker or headphones (but not the
rear panel PKT or DATA IN/OUT jacks). Clockwise
rotation increases the volume level.
The outer RF control adjusts the gain of the receiver’s
RF and IF stages. Clockwise rotation increases the RF
Gain level for best sensitivity, and the normal operating position for this control is fully clockwise.
Note: Counter-clockwise rotation of the RF (GAIN)
control, besides lowering the receiver gain level,
will cause the S-meter to deflect upward, as
though a strong signal were present. This is quite
normal.
21
Front Panel Controls & Switches
(15) S.SRCH Switch
(17) MODE Switches
Pressing this switch momentarily recalls the “SMART
S EARCH™” memories. Pressing and holding in this
switch for ½ second initiates SMART S EARCH™ scanning. With SMART S EARCH™ engaged, the transceiver
quickly searches above and below the Main VFO frequency, storing those frequencies on which activity is
detected (without stopping on them even momentarily).
Pressing one of these switches selects the operating
mode. Per the chart below, repeated presses of a particular switch will cause the precise mode to be selected from within a mode group (for example, repeatedly pressing [SSB] toggles the mode between USB
and LSB).
(16) NAR Switch
This switch is used to activate the “Narrow” filter mode
in the CW (optional YF-115C required), AM, and FM
modes, for improved interference rejection. On FM, it
also selects the low-deviation mode required for HF
FM operation on 29 MHz. Press this switch to select
the Narrow mode; the “NAR” icon will appear on the
display panel.
22
MODE Switch
SSB
CW
FM/AM
Available Modes
LSB ó USB
CW(USB) ó CW(LSB)
FM ó AM
(18) VOICE Switch
Pressing this switch activates the optional FVS-1A,
which provides announcement of the operating frequency (with resolution to the displayed 100 Hz digit)
for operators with vision impairments.
FT-847 OPERATING MANUAL
Front Panel Controls & Switches
(19) FAST Switch
Pressing this switch toggles the transceiver between
“high speed” and “slow speed” tuning rates for the
MAIN VFO Tuning Dial, the SUB-TUNE knob, the
MEM/VFO CH knob, and the UP/DOWN switches.
The “FAST” icon will appear on the display panel when
the fast-tuning mode has been selected.
(20) MAIN VFO Tuning Dial
This large knob is the main tuning dial for the transceiver, controlling the frequency of the Main VFO.
Clockwise rotation of the dial increases the frequency,
while counter-clockwise rotation of the dial decreases
the frequency.
The tuning steps may be changed via the Menu system. The default tuning steps are shown below:
Mode
Available Steps
N ORMAL
FA S T
Default
Step
SSB/CW
0.1, 1, 10 Hz
1, 10, 100 Hz
1 Hz/10 Hz
AM/FM
10 Hz
100 Hz
10 Hz/100 Hz
(21) SHUTTLE JOG™ Control
The outer “SHUTTLE JOG™” control is concentric
to and slightly behind the MAIN VFO Tuning Dial.
The SHUTTLE JOG™ allows fine or rapid frequency
excursions with just a slight turn of your hand. Rotating this control slightly to the left or right initiates slow
tuning in a downward or upward direction, respectively. The more you rotate this spring-loaded control,
the faster the Main VFO frequency will be changed.
(22) LOCK Switch
This switch locks the settings of the MAIN VFO Tuning Dial, SHUTTLE JOG™ ring, and the SUBTUNE knob. Other front panel switches may also be
locked out, using Menu #27 (see page 87).
(23) SATELLITE Mode Indicators
These indicators provide satellite operating mode information, and they become illuminated based on mode
selections made via the switches immediately below
the indicators (see sections (24) ~ (27) below for details).
[RX] (HOME)
In this mode, the MAIN VFO Tuning Dial is
used to control the downlink (receive) frequency
during satellite operation.
[TX] (VFO/M)
In this mode, the MAIN VFO Tuning Dial is
used to control the uplink (transmit) frequency
during satellite operation.
FT-847 OPERATING MANUAL
[TRACK] (A uB)
In this mode, the Main and Sub VFOs are
“slaved” so that they change frequency together
when the MAIN VFO Tuning Dial is rotated. In
the “TRACK” mode, either “normal” or “inverted”
transponders may be utilized, depending on the
selection made by the [N/R] switch (see below).
[N/R] (SPLIT)
This switch selects the transponder operating
mode during satellite operation. In the “N” (Normal) mode, increasing the Main VFO frequency
also causes an identical increase in the Sub VFO
frequency.
In the “R” (Reverse) mode, increasing the Main
VFO frequency causes an identical decrease in
the Sub VFO frequency.
(24) HOME [RX] Switch
This switch is used to recall the “HOME” memory channel on each band.
In the SATELLITE mode, pressing this switch causes the
Main VFO to be designated as the Receive (downlink)
VFO; in this case, the Transmit (uplink) frequency will
be controlled by the SUB-TUNE knob.
(25) VFO/M [TX] Switch
Pressing this switch changes frequency control between the Main VFO and the Memory systems. Repeatedly pressing this switch causes frequency control to toggle between these two systems.
In the SATELLITE mode, pressing this switch causes the
Main VFO to be designated as the Transmit (uplink)
VFO; in this case, the Receive (downlink) frequency
will be controlled by the SUB-TUNE knob.
(26) AuB [TRACK] Switch
Pressing and holding in this switch for ½ second causes
the contents of the Main VFO to be copied into the
Sub VFO, so that the two VFOs’ contents will be identical.
In the SATELLITE mode, pressing this switch activates
the “VFO Tracking” mode, whereby the Main VFO
and Sub VFO are “slaved” under control by the MAIN
VFO Tuning Dial.
23
Front Panel Controls & Switches
(27) SPLIT [N/R] Switch
(29) MCK/W Switch
Pressing this switch activates split-frequency operation between the main display (either the Main VFO
or a Memory Channel), used for transmission, and the
Sub VFO, used for reception. The “Split” mode is not
used for full-duplex satellite operation. When the SPLIT
mode is activated, the “SPLIT ” icon will appear on the
display panel.
Pressing this switch momentarily checks the contents
of the current memory channel without switching the
transceiver out of the VFO mode. The MEM/VFO CH
knob may then be rotated to select, for example, an
unused channel (to be used for memory storage).
In the S ATELLITE mode, pressing this key toggles the
VFO Tracking feature between the “Normal” and “Reverse” (inverted) tracking modes.
(28) SAT Switch
Pressing this switch activates the full-duplex S ATELLITE mode of operation, in which the Main and Sub
VFOs are used for crossband satellite operation. The
“
” icon will appear on the display panel during
satellite operation.
24
Pressing and holding in this switch for ½ second transfers the Main VFO frequency into the current memory
channel register. A double-beep will confirm memory
storage.
(30) A u
tB Switch
Pressing this switch momentarily causes the contents
of the Main VFO and the Sub VFO to be swapped.
(31) SUB Switch
Pressing this switch momentarily allows direct keyboard frequency entry and/or mode change to be performed on the Sub VFO register.
FT-847 OPERATING MANUAL
Front Panel Controls & Switches
(32) Keypad
(39) SUB-TUNE Knob
The keypad is used for direct frequency entry during
VFO operation. Secondary functions allow control of
certain repeater, scanning, and frequency navigation
functions.
This knob is the tuning dial which controls the frequency of the Sub VFO. Clockwise rotation of the dial
increases the frequency, while counter-clockwise rotation decreases the frequency.
(33) SHIFT Control
The tuning steps are defined by the setting of Menu
#2, which also sets the steps for the Main Tuning Dial.
The default tuning steps are shown below:
This control is used to adjust the receiver’s IF S HIFT
feature, which tunes the 455 kHz IF relative to the
center frequency of the selected IF filter (in all modes
except FM). The default position of this control is 12
o’clock, and an adjustment range of about ±1.2 kHz is
provided (the pitch of the incoming signals will not
change, however).
(34) DIG. FIL Switch
Pressing this switch activates the receiver’s DSP filters. When the DSP is activated, the “DIG.FIL ” icon
will appear on the display panel.
(35) DIGITAL FIL
(LOW CUT/HIGH CUT Controls)
These controls adjust the passband cutoff frequencies
of the receiver’s HIGH CUT and LOW CUT DSP
filters in the SSB, AM, and FM modes. The inner control adjusts the LOW-CUT characteristics, while the outer
control adjusts the HIGH-CUT characteristics.
(36) NOTCH Switch
This is the ON/OFF switch for the beat-canceling DSP
NOTCH filter.
(37) NR Switch
This is the ON/OFF switch for the DSP NOISE REDUCTION filter. The level of DSP Noise Reduction is set
via Menu #11 (see page 85).
(38) CLAR Switch
Pressing this switch activates the RX C LARIFIER
(“RIT”), which provides offset tuning from the Main
VFO frequency. When this feature is enabled, the
“C L A R ” icon will appear on the display panel. The
SUB-TUNE knob is used for Clarifier adjustment, and
the available offset range is ±9.99 kHz.
Mode
Available Steps
N ORMAL
FA S T
Default
Step
SSB/CW 0.1, 1, 10 Hz 1, 10, 100 Hz 1 Hz/10 Hz
10 Hz
100 Hz
10 Hz/100 Hz
AM/FM
(40) MENU Switch
Pressing this switch momentarily activates the “MENU”
mode, which allows customization of many aspects of
transceiver configuration.
(41) MEM/VFO CH Knob
When the VFO mode is active, this detented knob becomes a “channelized” tuning control, which allows
quick navigation up and down the band.
This knob selects the Memory Channel when the
Memory mode is active.
The tuning steps for the MEM/VFO CH knob (when
operating in the “VFO” mode) may be set via the Menu
system. The default steps are:
Operating
Mode
HF Bands
VHF Bands
UHF Bands
SSB/CW
2.5 kHz
2.5 kHz
2.5 kHz
AM
5 kHz
5 kHz
5 kHz
FM
5 kHz
Ú
Ú
Ú: Depends on transceiver version (USA, European, etc.)
These steps may be set individually for the HF, 50
MHz, 144 MHz, and 430 MHz bands; see page 34 for
details.
(42) QMB RCL Switch
This switch is used for one-touch recall of the Quick
Memory Bank memory.
(43) QMB STO Switch
This switch is used for storing a Main VFO frequency
into the QMB memory register.
FT-847 OPERATING MANUAL
25
Display Indicators and Icons
Operational Command Icons:
: Transmitter is active.
: Receiver Squelch is open.
: “Fast” tuning is active.
: Frequency or switch LOCK feature is engaged.
Receiver S-Meter Scale
Reflected Power Meter Scale
when the ATAS-100 is activated.
Main Band Operating Icons:
: Memory Tune mode is active.
: SMART SEARCH™ mode is active.
: Repeater Shift indicators.
: CTCSS Encoder is active.
: CTCSS Decoder is active.
: Digital Code Squelch Encoder/Decoder is active.
: Receiver “CLARIFIER” is active.
Main Band Frequency
Display Field
Satellite Mode
OFF
ON
Default Setting:
Default Setting:
PO (Power Output)
PO (Power Output)
TX Alternate Setting:
Alternate Setting:
ALC (via Menu # 24)
ALC
F Page 86
DICS (RX Discriminator
Center Meter)
FM Mode: DISC
(via Menu # 33)
RX (Discriminator Center
F
Page 88
Meter)
Main Band Operating Mode Icons:
: Lower Sideband
: Upper Sideband
: CW
: AM
: FM
: Narrow Filter is engaged.
: FM Packet Baud Rate: 9600 bps
: FM Packet or SSB DATA Transmission is active.
Accessory Feature Icons:
: RF Speech Processor is engaged.
: CW Electronic Keyer is engaged.
: MONITOR is engaged.
: Receiver Input ATTENUATOR is engaged.
: Receive Preamplifier is in line.
: Fast AGC is engaged.
: IF Noise Blanker is engaged.
26
FT-847 OPERATING MANUAL
Display Indicators and Icons
: Split Frequency Operation is engaged.
M CK : Memory Channel “Check” mode is active.
SKIP : The current Memory Channel is flagged to
be skipped during scanning.
Digital Signal Processing Mode Indicators:
: Digital Passband Filter (Voice Modes) is engaged.
: Noise Reduction Filter is engaged.
: DSP Auto-Notch Filter is engaged.
FC-20 Automatic Antenna Tuner/ATAS-100 Antenna Status:
: FC-20 or ATAS-100 is engaged.
: FC-20 or ATAS-100 Tuning is in progress.
: Antenna system SWR is too high.
MENU: Menu mode has been activated.
Sub-Band Tone Icons:
: CTCSS Encoder is active.
: CTCSS Decoder is active.
: Digital Code Squelch
Encoder/Decoder is active.
Memory Channel Number
Display Field
Sub Band Frequency
Display Field
: CAT System data is being transferred.
Satellite Mode Frequency Relationship Indicators
: Satellite mode (Full-Duplex) is engaged.
: Main Band is used for Receive, Sub Band is used for Transmit.
: Main Band is used for Transmit, Sub Band is used for Receive.
: Inverted “Reverse” Frequency Tracking is engaged.
: Linear “Normal” Frequency Tracking is engaged.
FT-847 OPERATING MANUAL
Sub Band Operating Mode Icons:
: Lower Sideband
: Upper Sideband
: CW
: AM
: FM
: Narrow Filter is engaged.
27
Rear Panel Connectors
(1) 13.8V DC Jack
(5) TUNER Connector
This is the main DC input jack for the transceiver. The
specified voltage is 13.8V DC, negative ground
(±10%), and maximum current draw is 22 Amperes.
This 8-pin mini-DIN connector is used for connection
to the optional FC-20 External Automatic Antenna
Tuner.
(2) GND Lug
(6) PKT Connector
For best performance and safety, this Ground lug
should be connected to a good earth ground using a
short, heavy, braided cable.
This 6-pin mini-DIN connector accepts AFSK input
from a Terminal Node Controller (TNC). It also provides fixed-level receiver audio output, PTT, and
Ground lines. See the section on “FM PACKET TNC
INTERFACING” for details of the correct levels and impedances required for proper operation.
(3) KEY Jack
This 3-pin ¼” (“stereo”) jack may be used for connection to a straight key, an external electronic keyer, or a
keyer paddle. When connecting to an external electronic keyer or computer-driven keying interface, be
sure that the external device is set up for “positive”
voltage keying. The key-up voltage is +5 V DC, and
the key-down current is 2 mA.
(4) CAT Port
This DB-9 connector is used for interconnection to a
personal computer’s serial port to enable computerassisted operation. Use a “null modem” (not “straight”)
RS-232C serial data cable; no “level converter” or
other hardware interface should be required.
28
(7) DATA IN/OUT Jack
This 3.5 mm, 3-pin miniature phone jack provides
constant-level receiver audio output on the ring contact, and accepts transmit audio input and PTT on the
tip contact, for AFSK use with a TNC for RTTY or
other digital operating modes. See the section on
“AFSK TNC CONNECTIONS” for details of the correct
levels and impedances required for proper operation.
FT-847 OPERATING MANUAL
Rear Panel Connectors
(8) STBY Jack
(11) EXT ALC Jack
This 5-pin mini-DIN connector provides “closure-toground” switching lines for T/R control of external
amplifiers. One connection is provided for HF operation, and one each for the 50, 144, and 430 MHz bands.
The maximum ratings for these connections are +24V
DC at 100 mA (only positive DC voltages are acceptable).
This “RCA” female connector may be used to a linear
amplifier’s ALC (Automatic Level Control) connector, to prevent over-drive by the transceiver. The specified control voltage range is 0V ~ −4V DC, with −4V
corresponding to the maximum degree of power reduction being applied to the transceiver.
(9) SP Jack
This 3.5 mm, 2-pin miniature phone jack provides receiver audio output for an external speaker. The audio
output impedance is 4Ω ~ 16Ω, and the level varies
according to the setting of the front panel’s AF (GAIN)
control.
(12) 144 MHz Coaxial Jack
This Type “M” (SO-239) jack is for connection of your
antenna for the 144 MHz band.
(13) HF Coaxial Jack
This Type “M” (SO-239) jack is for connection of your
antenna for the 1.8 ~ 29.7 MHz bands.
(10) EXT PTT Jack
(14) 50 MHz Coaxial Jack
This “RCA” female connector is used for connection
to a footswitch or other external switch for TX/RX command control of the transceiver. This jack is wired in
parallel with the front panel’s MOX switch; shorting
this jack to ground causes the transceiver to be placed
in the Transmit mode, while opening the connection
to this jack returns the transceiver to the Receive mode.
Open-circuit voltage is +5V DC, and closed-circuit
current is 1 mA.
This Type “M” (SO-239) jack is for connection of your
antenna for the 50 MHz band.
(15) 430 MHz Coaxial Jack
This Type “N” jack is for connection of your antenna
for the 430 MHz band. Do not, under any circumstances, attempt to connect a Type “M” (PL-259) plug
to this jack!
Note: This jack is designed to be used for external
PTT input only. Do not attempt to use the PTT
jack for switching of amplifiers or other external devices (use the STBY jack for controlling
such devices).
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FT-847 OPERATING MANUAL
29
OPERATION
INITIAL SETUP
Before plugging in the transceiver for the first time:
þ Make sure your power supply voltage is correct.
þ Ensure that a proper ground connection has been made.
þ Ensure that all antennas have been securely connected to the correct rear-panel jack.
Preset the controls as follows:
POWER & MOX switches: Off ( —
n)
RF PWR & RF (GAIN): Fully clockwise (maximum)
MIC & AF (GAIN): 10 o’clock
SQL & KEYER SPEED: Fully counter-clockwise (minimum)
LOW CUT: Fully counter-clockwise
HIGH CUT: Fully clockwise
SHIFT: 12 o’clock
Connect your microphone and/or CW key or paddle,
connect the DC cable to the rear panel 13.8VDC jack.
30
FT-847 OPERATING MANUAL
OPERATION
OPERATION QUICK START
• Push in the [POWER] switch. The display should
ˆ To transmit, press the microphone’s [PTT] switch,
become illuminated, and operation may now commence.
‚ Rotate the AF (GAIN) control to set the receiver volume level.
ƒ Press the [VFO-M] switch, if necessary, to select
the VFO mode of frequency control (either “A” or
“b” will appear to the right of the Main Frequency
Display field).
„ Press the appropriate Mode switch ([SSB], [CW],
or [FM/AM]) to select the desired operating mode.
Press a particular Mode switch repeatedly to toggle
between the selections available for that mode:
[SSB]:
LSB ó USB
[CW]:
CW/USB ó CW/LSB
[FM/AM]: FM ó AM
… Press the [BAND] [p] or [q] keys, as necessary,
to set the desired operating band.
† Rotate the MAIN VFO Tuning Dial or MEM/VFO
CH knob to select the desired frequency. The
SHUTTLE JOG™ ring may also be turned to the
left or right to change frequency.
‡ To set a frequency directly from the keyboard, press
[ENT], followed by the frequency (enter the decimal point after the “MHz” portion of the frequency),
then push [ENT] to finish your entry.
and speak into the microphone in a normal voice
level.
‰ To receive, release the [PTT] switch.
FT-847 OPERATING MANUAL
31
OPERATION
RECEIVER OPERATION
FREQUENCY NAVIGATION
MAIN VFO TUNING DIAL
Several methods of frequency setting and/or adjustment are provided on the FT-847:
Rotate the MAIN VFO Tuning Dial clockwise to increase the operating frequency, and rotate it counterclockwise to decrease the operating frequency.
l The MAIN VFO Tuning Dial (for “Main VFO”
frequencies);
l The SUB-TUNE Dial (for “Sub VFO” frequencies);
l The SHUTTLE JOG™ Ring (for “Main VFO”
frequencies);
l The MEM/VFO CH knob (for “Main VFO” frequencies);
l The UP and DWN scanning keys on the microphone;
l The qBANDp and qMHZ p keys (for both
VFOs); and
l The 12-key Keypad (for both VFOs).
VFO OPERATION
The VFO (Variable Frequency Oscillator) system in
the FT-847 is the primary method of frequency navigation. Separate VFOs are provided for the Main (left)
and Sub (right) display areas; these VFOs will be described, throughout this manual, as the “Main” and
“Sub” VFOs, respectively.
The VFO registers are designed to minimize the
amount of operator intervention required when changing bands. Therefore, when changing bands using the
qBANDp keys, you will observe that the VFO registers do not just retain frequency information; they
also store Mode, Bandwidth, RF Amp, Clarifier, (FM)
Repeater Shift (if any), and (FM) Tone status information independently on each VFO. When you return to
a particular band after operation elsewhere, the FT847 will “remember” how you were set up on that band,
so you will be ready for operation without delay.
For satellite operation, the Main VFO is generally the
one used for reception, while the Sub VFO is the one
used for transmission. When this is the case, the “RXTX ” icon will appear on the display. If you press the
[TX (VFO/M)] key, the Main VFO will now control
the Transmit (TX) frequency, and the “TX-RX ” icon
will become illuminated.
The tuning rate may be increased by pressing the front
panel [FAST] key. The available “steps” for tuning of
the MAIN VFO Tuning Dial and SUB-TUNE knob
are shown in the chart below:
Mode
Available Steps
N ORMAL
FA S T
Default
Step
SSB/CW
0.1, 1, 10 Hz
1, 10, 100 Hz
1 Hz
AM/FM
10 Hz
100 Hz
10 Hz
In the SSB and CW modes, the choice of tuning steps
may be accomplished using Menu #2, as described on
page 84. Note that you may set different steps on different operating bands (HF/50 MHz/144 MHz/430
MHz); when making changes via Menu #2, the band
on which you are currently receiving will be the only
band on which the change in frequency steps is executed.
Rotate the MAIN VFO Tuning Dial to increase the
operating frequency, and rotate it clockwise to decrease
the operating frequency.
SUB-TUNE KNOB
The SUB-TUNE knob is most often used to adjust
the uplink (transmit) frequency during satellite operation. The same frequency steps selected for the MAIN
VFO Tuning Dial will be applied to the SUB-TUNE
knob.
As with the MAIN VFO Tuning Dial, clockwise rotation of the SUB-TUNE knob increases the operating
frequency.
Note: If you have selected very fine (0.1 Hz or 1 Hz)
steps via Menu #2, the SUB-TUNE control will appear to tune very slowly. If you are using the SUBTUNE control often, we recommend that you use the
[FAST] key, or set Menu #2 to 10 Hz steps, to make
frequency change via the SUB-TUNE control more
efficient.
Pressing the [A u
t B] key swaps the
contents of the Main and Sub VFOs.
In the Satellite mode, this does not
change the “RX-TX” or “TX-RX”
configuration; it just reverses the
contents of the Main and Sub VFOs.
32
FT-847 OPERATING MANUAL
OPERATION
RECEIVER OPERATION
NOTE
Locking the Front Panel Controls & Switches
Press the [LOCK] key to lock out certain of the
front panel controls and switches so as to prevent accidental frequency or band change. Press
the [LOCK] key once more to disable the
“LOCK” feature, and return to normal operation.
It is possible to have the front panel [LOCK]
switch perform different degrees of “lock-down”
of the front panel controls and switches. The
selection is made via Menu #27, per the following procedure:
• Press the [MENU] key to enter the Menu
mode.
‚ Rotate the SUB-TUNE knob to select Menu
#27 “LOCK” on the display.
ƒ Rotate the MEM/VFO CH knob to select
from the available options:
diAL: This selection locks out only the
MAIN VFO Tuning Dial and SUBTUNE knob, plus the SHUTTLE
JOGTM ring.
FrE: This selection locks out the knobs and
switches in the shaded areas of the illustration below.
„ Press the [MENU] key again when you are
satisfied with your selection. This causes you
to exit from the Menu mode.
FT-847 OPERATING MANUAL
SHUTTLE JOG™ RING
The SHUTTLE JOGTM is an efficient way to achieve
large frequency excursions, avoiding the need to spin
the MAIN VFO Tuning Dial to move quickly from
one frequency to another.
The SHUTTLE JOGTM is a spring-loaded ring used
for frequency change. Rotating the SHUTTLE JOGTM
ring away from its center detent in either direction will
initiate tuning. The farther the SHUTTLE JOGTM ring
is moved from the center, the larger and faster the
amount of frequency change which results.
The SHUTTLE JOG TM is active in the VFO mode.
When you are operating in the Memory mode, the
SHUTTLE JOGTM acts identically to the MAIN VFO
Tuning Dial: activation of the SHUTTLE JOGTM
places the transceiver in the “Memory Tune” mode,
allowing you to tune away from a pre-stored memory
frequency.
33
OPERATION
RECEIVER OPERATION
MEM/VFO CH KNOB
UP AND DWN SCANNING KEYS (MICROPHONES)
The MEM/VFO CH knob on the front panel serves a
dual function. In the VFO mode, it allows
“channelized” frequency stepping, for rapid and convenient excursions around the band. In the Memory
mode, this knob is used to select the desired memory
channel.
The UP and DWN switches on the microphones, when
pressed momentarily, cause the frequency to be moved
upward or downward, respectively, by one step. Holding the UP or DWN switches in will cause scanning
to occur, in the direction selected, until the switch is
released. If the squelch is closed, the scanning will
continue automatically (even if the UP or DWN switch
is released) until a signal is encountered. See page 76
for more details about scanning.
Menu Items #3, #4, and #5 allow you to select the
“Channelized VFO” steps you wish to use in the SSB/
CW, AM, and FM modes, respectively.
Menu
Mode(s)
#
Available Steps
Default Steps
2.5 kHz
3
SSB/CW
1/2.5/5 kHz
4
AM
2.5/5/9/10/12.5/25 kHz
5 kHz
5/6.25/10/12.5/
15/20/25kHz
HF: 5 kHz
50 MHz: 5 kHz
144 MHz: 5 or 25 kHz*
430 MHz: 25 kHz
5
FM
* USA version: 5 kHz
As with the settings of the frequency synthesizer steps
for the Main and Sub Tuning Dials, the steps for the
SSB/CW modes (Menu #3) and AM mode (Menu #4)
may be set independently for the HF, 50 MHz, 144
MHz, and 430 MHz bands. The band on which you
are currently receiving will be the only band on which
the change in frequency steps is executed.
Clockwise rotation of the MEM/VFO CH knob increases the operating frequency. The MEM/VFO CH
control only affects the Main VFO. When you first
rotate the MEM/VFO CH control in the VFO mode,
the frequency will “round off” to the nearest step appropriate for the steps in use.
Note: In the Satellite mode, the MEM/VFO CH control is used to select the various “Satellite
Memories,” and no “VFO” channelized operation is possible.
Operating Tip
If the steps of the MEM/VFO CH knob appear
to be twice what you set via Menu Items #3 ~
#5, it is because the “Fast” mode has been activated (this doubles the step size). Just press the
[FAST] key to return to the originally-programmed steps (the “FAST” icon will disapper
from the LCD).
34
MH-31B8 Hand Mic
UP/DWN/FST Switches
Pushing the MH-31B8’s [UP] or
[DWN] switch will initiate tuning in an upward or downward direction, in frequency steps set in
accordance with the selection
made previously for the MAIN
VFO Tuning Dial. Pushing the
[FST] key will switch tuning into
the “Fast” mode, as though the
front panel [FAST] switch had
been pressed.
MD-100A8X Desk Microphone
Rotary Scanning Switch
The (optional) MD-100A8X Desk Microphone features
a Rotary Scanning Switch at the base of the microphone support stand. Rotating this switch to the left
causes the frequency to scan lower, and rotating the
switch to the right causes the frequency to scan higher.
Rotating this switch fully to the left or right causes the
scanning speed to switch to the “Fast” mode, as though
you had pushed the [FST] switch on the MH-31B8.
Important Note!
When connecting the MD-100A8X to the FT847, be certain that the coiled cord from the
microphone base is connected to the transceiver!
If the short “straight” cable is connected to the
transceiver instead, scanning will not be possible (the “straight” cable does not include scanning lines, as it is intended only to pass microphone and PTT signals from the microphone
shaft).
FT-847 OPERATING MANUAL
OPERATION
RECEIVER OPERATION
qBANDp AND qMHzp KEYS
DIRECT FREQUENCY ENTRY VIA 12-KEY KEYPAD
The [BAND] keys may be used, in the VFO mode, to
jump to the next Amateur band above (p) or below
(q) the current operating band. When moving to a
new band, the FT-847 will move you to the last frequency and mode on which you were operating on that
band.
The 12-key Keypad provides a simple, efficient way
to enter a starting frequency for operation on a band.
The procedure for entering a frequency is simple:
l Press the [ENT] key to begin the entry process.
l Enter the “MHz” portion of the frequency on
which you wish to operate.
l Now enter the decimal point [l ] in the frequency (this key is shared with the “T. CALL”
function, and is located just to the right of the
[6] key).
l Enter any desired remaining digits of the frequency.
l Press [ENT] to complete the frequency entry
procedure.
Example: Enter 432.007 MHz onto the Main VFO
If the [FAST] key has activated the “FAST” mode, pressing the qBANDp keys will cause the transceiver to
toggle between HF (the last band/frequency on which
you were operating), 50 MHz, 144 MHz, and 430 MHz;
all the HF bands other than the last one on which you
were operating will be bypassed.
The [MHZ] keys, similarly, are used in the VFO mode
to move up (p) or down (q) in frequency by 1 MHz.
If the [FAST] key has been pressed, the frequency jump
will be 10 MHz, instead of 1 MHz.
If you wish to execute either a band change or a 1
MHz frequency change on the Sub VFO, press the
[SUB] key first, then either a [qBANDp] key or a
[qMHZp] key, then press [SUB] again.
l If you complete the frequency entry down to the
10 Hz digit, it is not necessary to key in the final
“[ENT]” keystroke, as the transceiver will recognize a complete frequency entry.
Example: Enter 14.267.890 MHz
Note: Do not enter the second decimal point in the
frequency; doing so returns the entry process to the first digit after the decimal point
which follows the “MHz” digits.
Can’t Change HF Ham Bands?
l The Keypad may also be used to enter frequencies
into the Sub VFO register. To do this, press [SUB]
before pressing [ENT] in the frequency entry process.
If you find that you are “stuck” on one HF Amateur band, and cannot change to another HF band
using the [qBANDp] key(s), it likely is because you have the “Fast” tuning mode activated
(look for the “FAST” icon on the display. In this
mode, pressing the [qBANDp] keys toggles
band change from HF to 50 MHz to 144 MHz
to 430 MHz.
Example: Enter 7.065.2 MHz CW into the Sub VFO
Register
Press the [FAST] key to recover the ability to
toggle among the various HF bands (the “FAST”
icon will disappear).
Note: You do not need to enter any leading zeroes
prior to entry of the “MHz” digits.
FT-847 OPERATING MANUAL
35
OPERATION
RECEIVER FEATURES
RF PREAMPLIFIERS (INTERNAL)
RECEIVER INPUT ATTENUATOR
For weak-signal work, it is essential to secure the best
system Noise Figure possible. The receiver’s input
preamplifiers provide low Noise Figure for best sensitivity in weak-signal situations. Individually-optimized preamplifiers are provided for HF, 50 MHz, 144
MHz, and 430 MHz. In noisy locations or when very
strong signals are present, the input preamplifiers may
be switched off, thereby reducing the receiver system
gain and minimizing the chances of degraded reception due to overload or intermodulation distortion.
For situations where extremely high signal levels are
present, the receiver’s input ATTENUATOR may be activated, to reduce the sensitivity and total gain of the
receiver system.
• To activate the receiver preamplifiers, push the [RF AMP] key. The
“R F A M P” icon will become illuminated on the display. You should
also hear an increase in the incoming signal strength with the preamplifier on.
‚ To switch the preamplifier off, press the [RF AMP]
key once more; the “RF AMP” icon will disappear
from the display.
RF PREAMPLIFIERS (EXTERNAL)
The function of the [RF AMP] switch can be modified to allow the use of external tower-mounted preamplifiers on the 144 MHz and 430 MHz bands, by supplying +12V DC via the ANT jack for each respective
band. If you own a preamplifier capable of accepting
its DC power via the coaxial line, you may wish to
exercise this option so as to place the preamplifier in
the line right at the antenna, where the gain and low
Noise Figure of the preamp can be used to overcome
the insertion loss of your coaxial cable feedline.
Menu #29 controls the selection for the 144 MHz band,
while Menu #30 controls the selection for the 430 MHz
band. The available choices are:
• To activate the receiver ATTENUATOR, push the [ATT] key. The “ATT”
icon will become illuminated on the
display. You should also hear a decrease in the incoming signal
strength (and background noise)
with the ATTENUATOR on.
‚ To switch the ATTENUATOR off, press the [ATT] key
once more; the “ATT” icon will disappear from the
display.
AGC (AUTOMATIC GAIN CONTROL)
The AGC system limits the audio output produced by
incoming signals, so as to prevent damage to your ears
and overload of the receiver components. The AGC
system works instantaneously when an incoming signal is detected, while the receiver recovery time may
be adjusted from the front panel.
When tuning around the band (looking for signals), it usually is best to
have “F AST” AGC recovery time selected (the [AGC-F] switch should be
pressed momentarily so that the “AGCF” icon appears at the bottom righthand corner of the LCD’s meter area).
In this mode, the receiver gain recovers quickly after
you tune past strong signals. Once you have a signal
tuned in, unless it is very weak, you may find reception more comfortable with “S LOW” AGC selected
(press the [AGC-F] key once more to turn off the
“AGC-F” icon).
l INT: The preamplifier internal to the FT-847 will
be selected.
l EXT: The internal preamplifier will be bypassed,
and +12V DC will instead be sent up the coaxial line for powering an external preamp.
These selections are not provided on the HF and 50
MHz antenna jacks, as there is little chance that the
system Noise Figure can be significantly improved by
mounting a preamplifier at the tower. If you wish to
use an external preamp on 50 MHz, you must supply
the necessary DC voltage via a separate power cable;
just remember not to activate the internal preamp, as
the system total gain will probably be much too high,
leading to increased probability of receiver overload
and intermodulation.
36
NOTE
The maximum allowable current drain for powering external preamplifiers is 300 mA. Check
your preamp’s specifications to ensure that this
specification is not exceeded.
FT-847 OPERATING MANUAL
OPERATION
RECEIVER FEATURES
RF GAIN CONTROL
CLARIFIER (RECEIVER INCREMENTAL TUNING)
The RF GAIN control provides a
manual way to control the gain of the
receiver’s RF and IF amplifier stages.
The CLARIFIER provides a means of separating the receiver and transmitter frequencies by up to ±9.99 kHz.
This may be required for a number of situations:
For most operation, this control
should be left in the fully clockwise
position, which provides maximum gain and best sensitivity. However, under particularly noisy conditions,
net Signal-to-Noise Ratio may be improved by rotating the RF (GAIN) control counter-clockwise so that
the S-Meter reading holds a steady position slightly
higher than the (variable) S-Meter reading of the noise
itself. Signals weaker than this fixed S-Meter reading
may still be plainly audible, but they will no longer be
affecting the AGC system.
l If the station you are receiving should start to drift,
the CLARIFIER allows you to follow the drifting signal without requiring you to move your transmit
frequency.
l In DX pile-up situations, the CLARIFIER offset capability may be sufficient to cover many “Split” calling situations.
l For VHF/UHF EME (“Moonbounce”) work, the
CLARIFIER allows you to set up a frequency difference corresponding to the predicted Doppler Shift
for the EME path. See “Appendix” beginning on
page 98 for more details regarding EME operation.
By doing this, you have • eliminated annoying noise
which does not contribute to effective reception, and
‚ created a new threshold for the onset of AGC action, perhaps allowing even more effective action by
the DSP’s NOISE REDUCTION, NOTCH, and/or the HIGH
CUT/LOW CUT features (see pages 38, 40, 41).
When the noisy conditions have subsided, return the
RF (GAIN) control to its fully clockwise position.
IF NOISE BLANKER
For reduction of impulse noise, such as that produced
by automotive ignition systems, the NOISE BLANKER feature may prove helpful. To activate the IF N OISE
BLANKER:
• Turn the Noise Blanker on by pressing the [NB] switch. The “NB” icon
will appear on the display, and you
should observe a reduction in the
ignition noise.
‚ To turn the Noise Blanker off, press
the [NB] switch again; the “N B”
icon will disappear from the display.
To utilize the CLARIFIER feature:
• Press the [CLAR] switch; the
“C L A R ” icon will appear on the
display.
‚ Rotate the SUB-TUNE control to
set the desired frequency offset for
the receiver relative to the transmit
frequency.
ƒ To switch the CLARIFIER off, press the [CLAR]
switch once more.
Note: If you switch the CLARIFIER Off and do not touch
the MAIN VFO Tuning Dial, the contents of the
CLARIFIER’s register will be preserved. However,
if you change frequencies via the MAIN VFO
tuning Dial after turning the CLARIFIER Off, the
CLARIFIER’s register will be “cleared” to a zero
offset.
Note that the IF NOISE BLANKER may, under crowded
band conditions with extremely strong signals, cause
a slight degradation in overload immunity, or it may
create the sound usually associated with “splatter” on
a nearby signal (if that station is very strong). Try
switching off the NOISE BLANKER if you observe these
conditions.
FT-847 OPERATING MANUAL
37
OPERATION
RECEIVER FEATURES
DSP NOISE REDUCTION
SQUELCH (RECEIVER MUTING)
The Digital Signal Processing (DSP) circuitry includes
a highly-effective NOISE REDUCTION feature, which may
be used alone or in conjunction with the IF NOISE
BLANKER. The DSP NOISE REDUCTION circuit can be effective against a wide variety of noise types; it is not
limited to the “impulse” noise such as ignition noise.
However, because the NOISE REDUCTION is effected in
the audio stage, the operator may have to work around
the effects of the AGC circuitry. Here’s how to use the
DSP NOISE REDUCTION feature:
The S QUELCH circuit allows muting of the receiver’s
audio circuits during operating sessions where you
wish to quiet the receiver except when a signal is
present.
• To turn the NOISE REDUCTION feature on,
press the [NR] switch. The “NR ” icon
will appear on the display. You should
notice a significant reduction in the background noise.
‚ If the noise is strong enough to be moving the S-Meter (thereby indicating that AGC voltage is being produced by the strong noise level),
you may find the DSP NOISE REDUCTION to be more
effective if you take one of the following steps:
l Switch off the RF PREAMPLIFIER;
l Engage the RF ATTENUATOR; or
l Rotate the RF (GAIN) control counter-clockwise
until the S-meter reading “hangs” at the peak SMeter reading on the noise.
ƒ The level of noise reduction applied by the DSP
may be adjusted via Menu #11. The default setting, on an arbitrary scale of 0 (minimum noise
reduction) to 15 (maximum noise reduction) is 7 .
A higher setting will provide more noise quieting,
with slightly degraded fidelity; a setting lower than
7 will improve received signal quality, but with
slightly less-effective noise reduction.
„ To turn the DSP NOISE REDUCTION feature off, press
the [NR] switch again. The “NR” icon will disappear from the display.
To set the proper sensitivity threshold for the SQUELCH circuit, rotate the
SQL control clockwise until the
background noise just disappears.
This threshold point provides the best
sensitivity to weak signals, while ensuring proper quieting during quiescent periods.
When a signal is received which exceeds the threshold set by the SQL control, the muting function will
be disabled and normal receiver audio will flow. When
the signal disappears, the receiver will again be muted.
To disable the SQUELCH system’s muting action, rotate
the SQL control fully counter-clockwise.
The SQUELCH circuitry is most often used during FM
operation, but the FT-847’s SQUELCH system is operational in all modes. There are additional muting functions associated with FM operation (CTCSS and DCS),
and these are described on page 53.
VOICE SYNTHESIZER
The FT-847 includes the capability for the use
of the (optional) FVS-1A VOICE SYNTHESIZER,
which provides an audible announcement of
the current operating frequency (receive frequency).
To confirm the current frequency, press the [VOICE]
key, located between the MAIN VFO Tuning Dial and
the AF/RF (GAIN) controls. Frequency resolution to
the displayed 100 Hz digit is provided. For example,
if the frequency is 145.910.0 MHz, the FVS-1A will
announce: “One-Four-Five-Point-Nine-One-Zero-Zero.”
Note: The VOICE SYNTHESIZER announces the receive frequency; in “Split” operation, the receive frequency is displayed on the SUB VFO frequency
display field.
38
FT-847 OPERATING MANUAL
OPERATION
RECEIVER FEATURES
METERING
The FT-847 includes dual meter functions, useful in
many operating situations.
NON-SATELLITE MODE
On receive, the Meter displays incoming signal
strength (“S” Meter). Additionally, in the FM
mode, the lower scale of the Meter is a Discriminator
Center meter.
On transmit, the Meter
indicates Power Output
(“PO”) in Watts. However, via Menu #24, transmit metering may be
changed to indicate ALC
voltage (internal ALC
plus any external ALC
from a linear amplifier). See page 86.
SATELLITE MODE
The Satellite mode utilizes simultaneous transmission
and reception. Accordingly, simultaneous TX and RX
metering functions are provided.
The S-Meter provides
signal strength monitoring on the downlink signal from the satellite. On
transmit, the default meter function is PO; however,
Menu #34 may be used to select ALC metering instead. Menu #34 also provides the option to disable
transmitter monitoring, and select Discriminator Center metering (FM mode) in addition to the S-Meter
function. See page 88.
FT-847 OPERATING MANUAL
Dealing with Interference
The FT-847 includes a wealth of features designed to
facilitate single-signal reception during conditions of
heavy interference. These features are described below.
NARROW IF FILTERS (CW/AM/FM MODES)
If you have installed the optional YF-115C 500
Hz CW filter, pressing the [NAR] key while in
the CW mode will place this filter in line, leading to a dramatic reduction in adjacent-frequency interference, as well as greater sensitivity to weak signals (due to the reduced bandwidth).
In the AM mode, pressing the [NAR] key causes the
bandwidth to be narrowed to 2.4 kHz (the same bandwidth as used on SSB). Although the fidelity will not
be particularly good, this bandwidth may enable you
to copy weak AM stations under very difficult,
crowded conditions. Rotating the DSP LOW CUT control slightly clockwise (see next page) will reduce the
bass response, which may make the incoming signal
sound more pleasant.
In the FM mode, the “Narrow” selection reduces the
receiver bandwidth and the transmitter deviation, so
as to comply with international regulations governing
FM operation below 30 MHz. The “Narrow” mode
may, however, be utilized in the VHF/UHF bands in
areas of extreme channel congestion.
39
OPERATION
RECEIVER FEATURES
IF SHIFT
HIGH CUT/LOW CUT CONTROLS (DSP)
The front panel’s SHIFT control tunes
the position of the IF passband relative to the frequency of the incoming
signal. This allows the operator, in effect, to sweep the current IF filter back
and forth across the desired signal,
eliminating interference from undesired signals in the
process, without changing the pitch of the incoming
signal.
The DSP system’s chief interference-fighting circuitry is the
passband tuning feature, adjusted via the HIGH CUT and
LOW CUT controls. These controls may be used to optimize the
audio bandwidth so as to reduce
interference and noise, thus maximizing Signal-toNoise Ratio. The HIGH CUT and LOW CUT controls are active on the SSB, AM, and FM modes.
The SHIFT control’s 12 o’clock (center) position represents the “normal” passband center frequency. Rotate the SHIFT control to the left or right to eliminate
interference. Careful adjustment of the SHIFT control may also be useful in improving the recovered
audio on excessively bassy SSB signals. Return the
SHIFT control
to the center position to return
to the normal
default passband setting.
To activate the DSP passband filter, press the [DIG.
FIL] switch; the “DIG. FIL ” icon will appear on the
display when the DSP is on. Now rotate the HIGH
CUT and LOW CUT controls to roll off interference
and/or noise, as needed, or to enhance the audio response. Press the [DIG. FIL] switch again to turn the
DSP passband filter off.
In the CW mode, these controls are disabled, and the
DSP bandwidth is set via Menu #10, while the center
frequency of the DSP passband filter is determined by
the setting of the “PITCH” command (Menu #6).
This feature is operational in all modes except FM,
although the effect in the AM mode may not be dramatic due to the wider bandwidth used during AM
operation. The SHIFT control’s function is dedicated
to the receive mode, and does not affect your transmitted signal characteristics; such adjustment of the
transmitted signal is, however, provided via Menu
items #92 and 93, as described on page 90.
40
FT-847 OPERATING MANUAL
OPERATION
RECEIVER FEATURES
NOTCH FILTER (DSP)
CW REVERSE
Unwanted beat notes within the receiver’s IF filter
passband can be effectively removed by utilization of
the DSP NOTCH function. The DSP system will detect
the incoming carrier, then automatically center a sharp
notch filter to eliminate the beat note. If multiple beat
notes are present, the DSP will create multiple notch
filters to eliminate them.
While operating on CW, occasionally you may encounter interference situations which cannot be resolved
by switching to a narrower filter or by adjustment of
the IF SHIFT control. And there sometimes are operating situations requiring a mode change from, for example, LSB to CW; if the wrong “sideband” is utilized in the CW mode, the other station may not be
easy to find.
To activate the DSP NOTCH filter, press the
[D. NOTCH] switch; the “NOTCH ” icon
will appear on the display. To turn this filter off, press the [D. NOTCH] switch again.
Note: The DSP NOTCH filter should not be
used in the CW mode! The DSP system will interpret a CW carrier as being “interference,”
and will notch out the incoming signal. Therefore, as you tune the CW portion of the band
with the NOTCH filter on, CW signals will appear for a moment, then disappear as they are
notched out.
The FT-847 can be quickly configured, so as to avoid
these problems, to utilize either “USB” or “LSB” carrier injection in the CW mode. To do this, while in the
CW mode, just press the [CW] switch momentarily.
The “CW ” icon glows steadily for USB-side injection, while the “LSB” icon will appear to the left of
the “CW ” icon for LSB injection. This system allows
instantaneous recognition of the current injection mode
selected for CW use.
Referring to example A, note the
presence of both a desired signal
and interfering signal. By switching sidebands (example B), note
how the interfering signal has been
avoided through selection of the
opposite sideband.
Note: W h e n s i d e b a n d s a r e
switched, all aspects of CW
operation are switched at
once, including the transmitted CW carrier and the displayed frequency.
This avoids the necessity of making multiple adjustments so as to align the receiver and transmitter sections for proper operation.
FT-847 OPERATING MANUAL
41
OPERATION
NOTE
42
FT-847 OPERATING MANUAL
OPERATION
TRANSMITTING
Now that you are familiar with basic receiver operation, we shall explore the FT-847’s capabilities in the
transmit mode.
The transmitter can be activated within any of the 500kHz segments (detailed below) which contain the HF
amateur bands, as well as 50-54 MHz, 144-146 (or
144-148) MHz, and 430-440 (or 450) MHz. When
tuned to any other frequency, the transmitter will be
disabled. Within the 500 kHz HF transmitting segments, you (the control operator) are responsible for
restricting your transmissions to those frequency subbands on which you are authorized to operate. Attempting to transmit outside an amateur band segment will
cause the “ERROR” diagnostic message to appear on
the display.
Important Note!
Whenever you transmit, be certain to have a
suitable antenna or 50Ω dummy load connected
to the antenna jack in use. Although the final
amplifier stage of this transceiver includes protection circuitry which will immediately reduce
power if no load is present, there still is a slight
chance of damage to your equipment in the (unlikely) event of a catastrophic protection-circuitry failure.
POWER OUTPUT/ALC LEVEL MONITORING
During transmission, you have the option of monitoring RF power output (“PO” on the Meter) or relative
ALC voltage (“ALC” on the Meter). The default setting for the Meter is PO, and the selection may be
switched to ALC via Menu #24. For initial setup, we
recommend that you make this change now, then return the setting to PO, if you like, once initial adjustments have been completed.
To do this:
• Press the [MENU] switch momentarily to activate
the Menu mode.
‚ Now rotate the SUB-TUNE control until Menu #24
(“TX MTR ”) appears.
ƒ If the current value is shown to be “PO,” rotate the
MEM/VFO CH control so that “ALC” appears on
the display.
„ Now press the [MENU] switch once more to lock
in your new setting and exit the Menu mode. Now
proceed to the “SSB TRANSMISSION” section on the
next page.
Remember that there are four antenna jacks on
the rear panel of the FT-847, and each should
be connected to an antenna or dummy load in
the interest of long-term safety and reliability.
See page 82 for a complete description of Menu operation.
FT-847 OPERATING MANUAL
43
OPERATION
SSB TRANSMISSION
BASIC OPERATION
• Connect your microphone to the front panel MIC
44
jack.
‚ Preset the front panel controls as follows:
MODE:
USB or LSB (depending on band;
use USB on 14 MHz and above)
MIC (GAIN): 9 o’clock position
RF PWR: Fully clockwise
ƒ Press the microphone’s PTT switch, and speak into
the microphone in a normal voice level. The “TX ”
indicator on the display will become illuminated,
and the ALC meter will deflect according to the
peaks in your speech level. Adjust the MIC (GAIN)
control so that the ALC meter peak reading is along
(but not beyond) the right edge of the ALC range
on the meter.
„ Release the PTT switch to return to the receive
mode. You may wish to reset the TX Multimeter
back to “PO” via Menu #24 at this time (see previous discussion).
… For operation at lower power levels, rotate the RF
PWR control counter-clockwise while watching the
PO (Power Output) scale on the meter, so as to set
the desired power level.
Note: Counter-clockwise rotation of the RF PWR
control, or operation using an antenna with
an impedance greatly different from 50Ω,
may result in an abnormally-high reading on
the ALC meter. Therefore, it is helpful to
make initial adjustment of the MIC (GAIN)
control while using a 50Ω dummy load connected to the antenna jack in use; be certain
that the RF PWR control is fully clockwise
during such adjustments.
† For hands-free operation when using a desk microphone, such as Yaesu’s model MD-100 A8X , a
footswitch (which shorts two contacts together)
may be connected to the rear panel’s PTT jack.
FT-847 OPERATING MANUAL
OPERATION
SSB TRANSMISSION
RF SPEECH PROCESSOR OPERATION
The RF SPEECH PROCESSOR provides a
significant increase in your
transmitter’s average power output.
To activate the RF SPEECH PROCESSOR,
press the [PROC/KEYER] switch.
The “PROC ” icon will appear on the
display.
To deactivate the RF SPEECH PROCESSOR, press the [PROC/KEYER] switch again.
Note: The RF SPEECH PROCESSOR is disabled during Satellite operation.
VOICE MONITOR
For monitoring your own voice during SSB transmission, the VOICE MONITOR feature may be used.
To activate the VOICE MONITOR, press
the [MONI] switch. The “MONI” icon
will appear on the display. Press the
[MONI] key once more to disable the
VOICE MONITOR.
The monitoring level may be adjusted
via Menu #20 if the monitoring level is too loud
or too soft for your operating needs. To do this,
use the following procedure:
• Press the [MENU] button to activate the Menu
mode.
‚ Rotate the SUB-TUNE knob to select Menu #20
(“MONI-VOL”).
ƒ Rotate the MEM/VFO CH knob to set a higher or
lower MONITOR volume level; you cannot transmit
while in the Menu mode, so you will need to pick
an arbitrary value at first.
„ Press the [MENU] button to exit the Menu mode.
… Now transmit to check the MONITOR volume level.
If it still is not set to the correct level, repeat the
above procedure.
Note: The MONITOR feature is disabled on SSB during
Satellite operation, as it would make reception
of your own downlink signal difficult. The MONITOR is, however, available during CW Satellite
operation, to eliminate coordination problems
in sending caused by the propagation delay to
and from the satellite.
FT-847 OPERATING MANUAL
SSB TX FREQUENCY RESPONSE
(“CARRIER POINT”) ADJUSTMENT
Although your FT-847 is carefully aligned at the factory for the best average frequency response for most
human voices, it is possible that your voice (or your
microphone) may have particular characteristics (excessive treble or bass) which may warrant minor adjustments to the TX CARRIER POINT. This feature, provided via Menu #92 (USB) and #93 (LSB), is analogous to the receiver’s IF SHIFT feature, but it is applied
to your own voice in the transmit mode.
Utilization of Menu items #92 and 93 requires that
you first activate the “Extended Menu” function via
Menu #42. Press the [MENU] key to enter the Menu
mode. Next, rotate the SUB-TUNE control until Menu
#42 (“EXTEND”) appears. Rotate the MEM/VFO CH
control until the display changes from “OFF” to “ON.”
The Extended Menu is now active; press [MENU]
again to return to normal operation.
To adjust the USB CARRIER POINT:
• First select the USB mode, then connect a dummy
load to the current antenna jack.
‚ Switch on the VOICE Monitor, and press the
microphone’s PTT switch.
ƒ Listen to your voice, making careful observations
as to the treble and bass characteristics.
„ Now enter the Menu mode by pressing the [MENU]
key. Rotate the SUB-TUNE control until Menu #92
(“USB-CAR”) is selected.
… Rotate the MEM/VFO CH control to change the
transmit passband characteristics: rotating in the
positive direction increases the treble response,
while selecting a negative number will increase the
bass response.
† The CARRIER POINT scale is in increments of 10 Hz,
so a setting of “3 ” represents a passband shift of
+30 Hz.
‡ Exit the Menu mode by pressing the [MENU] key.
ˆ Now transmit again, listening to your voice characteristics. If the response is acceptable, the procedure is complete. If further adjustments must be
made, repeat the above process.
This adjustment may also be performed for LSB via
Menu #93. The two settings need not be identical; for
example, if you use 75 and 40 meters (bands where
LSB is used) primarily for local work, you may desire
a slightly lower frequency response for a more “mellow” sound, while setting a slightly higher frequency
response for DX work on 20 meters and higher frequency bands on the USB mode.
45
OPERATION
CW TRANSMISSION
The FT-847’s versatile design is engineered to provide the operating flexibility required for contest, DX, or weaksignal VHF/UHF operation.
STRAIGHT KEY/EXTERNAL KEYING DEVICE OPERATION
This section describes the operating procedure using a manual “straight key.” This section also pertains to operation using the output from an external electronic keyer, or from a CW keying interface utilized with a personal
computer (using contest software, etc.).
46
• Insert your key’s ¼” three-conductor (“stereo”) plug
„ You can adjust the CW sidetone volume level via
into the KEY jack on the rear panel of the transceiver. Remember that the Tip of this plug is the
“hot” key lead, while the main shaft is Ground; the
Ring is not used.
‚ Set the applicable controls as follows:
MODE:
CW
PPOC/KEYER: Off (No icon in this regard
should be present on the LCD)
RF PWR:
Fully Clockwise
MONI:
On
ƒ To transmit, simply press the straight key (or start
sending on your external keyer/computer). The
transmitter will automatically be activated, and the
CW sidetone will be heard as you send. When you
stop sending, the transceiver will return to the receive mode. Use the RF PWR control to set the
desired power output level during transmission.
Menu #8.
To adjust the sidetone volume level:
l Press the [MENU] button to activate the Menu
mode of operation.
l Rotate the SUB-TUNE knob to select Menu #8
(“SIDETONE”).
l Rotate the MEM/VFO CH knob to select a new
level; on the arbitrary scale of 0 ~ 63, the default value is 3 2 , and you may wish to set a
value of about “10” if you are using headphones
(to make the level more comfortable).
l Press the [MENU] key to exit the Menu mode.
FT-847 OPERATING MANUAL
OPERATION
CW TRANSMISSION
… You also can adjust the sidetone pitch using Menu
#6. This adjustment also controls the BFO offset
(the actual pitch of your transmitted signal relative
to your current receive frequency).
To adjust the CW pitch:
l Press the [MENU] button to activate the Menu
mode of operation.
l Rotate the SUB-TUNE knob to select Menu #6
(“CW-PITCH ”).
l Rotate the MEM/VFO CH knob to select a new
pitch tone/BFO offset.
l The available offset range is 400 ~ 1100 Hz.
l Press the [MENU] key to exit the Menu mode.
The setting of Menu #6 also affects the “CW SPOT”
function. See the “CW SPOT FEATURE” discussion
below for details.
† You may also adjust the receiver recovery time of
the pseudo-VOX system which automatically activates the transmitter when you close the key. The
default value for this feature is 100 ms.
To adjust the “hang time” for CW operation:
l Press the [MENU] button to activate the Menu
mode of operation.
l Rotate the SUB-TUNE knob to select Menu #9
(“CW-DELAY”).
l Rotate the MEM/VFO CH knob to select a new
delay time. The available range of adjustment
is 10 ~ 300 ms.
l Press the [MENU] key to exit the Menu mode.
Although the FT-847 was not designed for “full
QSK” operation, the minimum setting of Menu #9
(10 ms) will be very close to full break-in performance.
‡ If you are using an external electronic keyer, and it
provides a “PTT” line for transceiver TX/RX control, this line may be connected to the rear-panel
PTT jack.
FT-847 OPERATING MANUAL
Note
Regarding CW Frequency Display
The FT-847’s frequency display is specifically
designed to provide you with precise indication
as to the zero beat frequency of your CW carrier, so you always know where your signal is
relative to the band edges.
Accordingly, the displayed frequency on CW
will be different from that displayed on the corresponding SSB mode by an amount equal to
the setting of the PITCH command (Menu #6).
For example, if Menu #06 is set to 700 Hz, and
you are operating on 144.200 MHz USB, if you
switch to CW (USB side) the display will now
indicate 144.200.700 MHz, but the pitch of incoming signals will not change. Conversely, if
you are operating on 3.790 MHz LSB, and
switch to CW (LSB side), the display will now
indicate 3.789.300 MHz, but signals received
will be on the same pitch as they were on the
(voice) LSB mode.
47
OPERATION
CW TRANSMISSION
ELECTRONIC KEYER OPERATION
The FT-847’s built-in electronic keyer is flexible, yet easy to use.
48
• Insert your key’s ¼” three-conductor (“stereo”) plug
CW S POT FEATURE
into the KEY jack on the rear panel of the transceiver. Remember that the Tip of this plug is the
“Dot” key lead, the Ring connector is the “Dash”
lead, and the main shaft is Ground.
‚ Set the applicable controls as follows:
MODE:
CW
PROC/KEYER: On (the “KEYER ” icon should
appear on the LCD)
KEYER SPEED: 12 o’clock position
RF PWR:
Fully Clockwise
MONI:
On
ƒ When you press your thumb against your keyer
paddle, a string of Dots will be generated by the
KEYER. Rotate the KEYER SPEED control to set
the desired sending speed.
„ You may adjust the sidetone pitch, sidetone volume, and receiver recovery time as described in
the previous section.
… The KEYER’s Weighting (Dash:Dot ratio) may be
adjusted via Menu #7, although the default 3:1 ratio should normally be used. See page 84 if you
need to make this adjustment.
During CW operation, it is useful to be able to zero in
precisely to the other station’s frequency. The CW SPOT
feature of the FT-847 makes this task simple.
During CW operation, press the
[T.CALL (l)] key; you will hear a solid
tone in the speaker. The pitch of this
tone corresponds to the pitch of your
signal as heard by another station relative to your current operating frequency (i.e. it is the
tone at which you are transmitting). The pitch of this
tone (and the BFO offset for the receiver, etc.) may be
aligned via Menu #06 (see page 84).
If you align the pitch produced by the SPOT function to
be exactly the same as the pitch of an incoming CW
signal, you will precisely zero-beat to the other station.
Note that the BFO offset is compensated for by the
microprocessor when you switch between CW (USB
injection) and CW (LSB injection). So unless you have
the IF SHIFT control grossly mis-aligned, you can never
find yourself “spotted” on the “wrong” sideband.
FT-847 OPERATING MANUAL
OPERATION
CW TRANSMISSION
FT-847 OPERATING MANUAL
49
OPERATION
FM TRANSMISSION
FM operation is permitted on the bands above 29 MHz,
and the FT-847 provides a wealth of features for AM
simplex and repeater operation. Several of these features may be customized for each band via the Menu
system.
Use the “NARROW” mode for operation on 29 MHz, as
the permitted deviation below 30 MHz is one-half of
that permitted on VHF or UHF. To do this, press the
[NAR] key while operating in the FM mode.
Please be certain to respect other amateurs by observing the operating bandplans in your country, and do
not use the FM mode in the sub-bands recognized as
being reserved for SSB/CW “weak-signal” work.
These sub-bands typically may include the frequency
ranges 50.0 ~ 50.5 or 51.0 ~ 51.125 MHz, 144.0 ~
144.5 MHz, and 432.0 ~ 432.6 MHz, but may be
slightly different in your country. Satellite sub-bands
to avoid are 29.3 ~ 29.5 MHz, 145.8 ~ 146.0 MHz,
and 435.0 ~ 438.0 MHz. The communications effectiveness of the amateur service requires the cooperation of all licensees, and operating bandplans have
evolved so as to minimize interference among operators using incompatible emission modes such as FM
and SSB.
50
“CHANNELIZED ” FREQUENCY NAVIGATION
You may find that the MAIN VFO Tuning Dial is somewhat inconvenient for FM operation, since most all
stations operating in the FM mode use a “channelized”
frequency, which is generally a multiple of either 5
kHz or 6.25 kHz. Therefore, we recommend the use
of the MEM/VFO CH knob for FM frequency tuning.
The steps utilized by the MEM/VFO CH knob in the
FM mode may be set independently for HF and for
each VHF and UHF band. Therefore, if you live in an
area where 10 kHz steps are used on 29 MHz and 50
MHz FM, and 5 kHz steps are used on 144 MHz, and
25 kHz steps are used on 430 MHz, you may wish to
set these (or steps appropriate for your area) using
Menu #5:
l Set the operating frequency to anywhere in the
HF range (160 ~ 10m).
l Press the [MENU] button to activate the Menu
mode of operation.
l Rotate the SUB-TUNE knob to select Menu #05
(“FM-CH ”).
l Rotate the MEM/VFO CH knob to select a new
frequency step. The available steps are 5/6.25/
10/12.5/15/20/25 kHz.
l Press the [MENU] key to exit the Menu mode.
l Now set a frequency anywhere in the 50 MHz
band.
Press the [MENU] button to activate the Menu
mode, and repeat the above process to select
the desired steps on 6 meters. Most likely, you
will want to choose either 5 kHz or 10 kHz steps,
depending on where you live.
l Repeat this procedure for the other bands by setting a frequency on 144 MHz, then selecting
the desired step. Press [MENU] to exit the Menu
mode, move to 430 MHz, then re-enter the Menu
and set the desired step on the 70 cm band.
FT-847 OPERATING MANUAL
OPERATION
FM TRANSMISSION
SIMPLEX (NON-REPEATER) OPERATION
• Connect the microphone to the MIC jack, and press
the [FM/AM] key, as necessary, to select the “FM”
operating mode. Set the RF PWR control fully
clockwise.
‚ Close the microphone’s PTT switch to activate the
transmitter, and speak into the microphone in a
normal voice level. Release the PTT switch when
you wish to return to the receive mode.
ƒ The microphone gain is set to a fixed value at the
factory. However, the Menu system includes provision for adjusting the microphone gain, if needed.
To adjust the microphone gain:
l Press the [MENU] button to activate the Menu
mode of operation.
l Rotate the SUB-TUNE knob to select Menu #25
(“FM-PSET”).
l Rotate the MEM/VFO CH knob to adjust the
mic gain. You may select from the default value
(“32 ”) or a value on an arbitrary scale of 0 ~
63. The “O F F ” selection transfers control of the
FM mic gain to the front panel’s MIC (GAIN)
control.
l Press the [MENU] key to exit the Menu mode.
l Close the microphone’s PTT switch, and speak
into the microphone to check the mic gain level.
If further adjustment is required, repeat the
above procedure.
Note: Because of international regulations, the permissible deviation on 29 MHz is about one-half
of that typically used on 50 MHz and higher.
Therefore, it is normal for 29 MHz FM signals
not to have as much audio “punch” as do FM
signals on, for example, 2 meters.
Downloaded by
Amateur Radio Directory
www.hamdirectory.info
FT-847 OPERATING MANUAL
51
OPERATION
FM TRANSMISSION
REPEATER OPERATION
FM “repeater” stations are usually located on top of tall mountains or hills, allowing mobile, portable, and otherwise low-power stations to extend their communication range significantly. The flexible operating features of the
FT-847 make repeater work simple and enjoyable.
Automatic Repeater Shift
Setting the Repeater Shift
The ARS (Automatic Repeater Shift) feature, active
on the 144 and 430 MHz bands, automatically activates and sets the direction (upward or downward) of
the repeater shift function.
The repeater shift has been set, at the Yaesu factory, to
the value most likely to be correct for your location.
However, you may have the need to change the repeater shift especially on a band like 50 MHz, where
several shifts may be popular even within the same
country (e.g. 500 kHz, 1 MHz, and 1.7 MHz in the
United States). Check with your local repeater coordinator or a repeater guide for confirmation of the appropriate shift in your area.
The ARS feature may be activated or de-activated independently on the 144 MHz and 430 MHz bands,
using Menu items #14 (144 MHz) and #15 (430 MHz).
The default condition for the ARS is “ON” for both
bands. See page 85 for details on disabling the ARS,
if desired.
Note: With the ARS turned On, the repeater shift icon
will not initially appear when you enter a frequency directly from the keypad. However, if you
move the Main tuning Dial or MEM/VFO CH
knob, or initiate scanning in either direction,
the ARS feature will be activated, and the appropriate repeater shift will be applied.
Manual Repeater Shift
For repeater operation on 29 or 50 MHz, or on the
144/430 MHz bands when ARS is disabled, it is easy
to activate or change the repeater shift manually.
• While operating in the FM mode (see
previous section), press the keypad’s
[1(RPT)] key. The “– ” icon will
appear on the display, indicating a
downward repeater shift.
‚ Press the [1(RPT)] key once more
to change the direction of the repeater shift to the upward direction.
The “–” icon will change to “+” on
the display.
ƒ Press the [1(RPT)] key once more
to disable the shift and CTCSS encoder, and return to simplex operation. The “+ ” icon will disappear
from the display.
During
operation, you may wish to
„
check the input frequency to the repeater, to see if the other station is
strong enough to be worked on simplex. To do this, press the [2(REV)]
key on the keypad; the uplink and downlink frequencies will be reversed.
52
The default repeater shift may be changed independently on each of the four FT-847 bands on which repeater operation is authorized. The setting of the repeater shift is accomplished using Menu items #16
through #19 for the 29 MHz through 430 MHz bands,
respectively. Here is an example of how to change the
repeater shift to 1.70 MHz on the 50 MHz band:
l Press the [MENU] button to activate the Menu
mode of operation.
l Rotate the SUB-TUNE knob to select Menu #17
(“50M-RPT”).
l Rotate the MEM/VFO CH knob to set the value to
1.70 MHz. The available range of repeater shifts is
0 ~ 99.99 MHz.
l Press the [MENU] key to exit the Menu mode.
An identical procedure is used to set the shifts on the
other repeater bands. Remember that this procedure
only sets the amount of the repeater offset; the direction of the repeater shift (“+” or “– ”) is set using the
[1(RPT)] key.
Note: If you wish to access a single repeater which
uses a shift different from the default shift, it is
not necessary to follow the above procedure
(which will make operation on other repeaters
inconvenient). For the one repeater using a nonstandard split, use the “Split Memory” capability of the
memory
system. See
page 72 for
details.
FT-847 OPERATING MANUAL
OPERATION
FM TRANSMISSION
REPEATER OPERATION
Repeater Shift Reversal Feature
CTCSS Operation
While operating on a repeater, you may wish to reverse your receive and transmit frequencies, so as to
listen for the other station’s direct signal.
The subaudible CTCSS (Continuous Tone Coded
Squelch System) circuitry includes the following components, hereafter called Tone Modes:
This allows you to determine if communication is possible with the other station without using the repeater
(i.e. “simplex”).
r The Encoder circuit, which superimposes a
subaudible tone onto your voice signal, for repeater
access or selective calling of other stations. When
the Encoder is activated, the “ENC” will appear on
the display.
r The Decoder circuit, which will mute your
transceiver’s receiver audio unless an incoming signal containing a matching CTCSS signal is received. When the Decoder is activated, both the
“ENC” and “DEC” icons will appear.
To do this, press the [2(REV)] key. To
return to normal repeater operation,
press the [2(REV)] key once more.
1750 Hz Tone Call Repeater Access
Particularly in the European market, repeater access
may require that you send a brief transmission containing a 1750 Hz tone superimposed on the carrier.
To do this, press the [T. CALL] key. The
transmitter will automatically be activated, and the 1750 Hz tone will be sent
out, to access the repeater.
Release the [T. CALL] key after the prescribed time,
then press the microphone’s [PTT] switch to begin
your conversation.
To activate the Encoder, press the
[3(TONE)] key once. To activate the
Decoder, press the [3(TONE)] key
again. A third press of this key activates
the DCS system (see next page).
In addition to the Tone Mode, one must be aware of
the need to set the correct CTCSS Tone Frequency, as
highly-selective audio filters at a repeater site will
cause the repeater not to respond to your call if you
are using the wrong Tone Frequency. A total of 39
internationally-recognized CTCSS tones are provided
on the FT-847.
The CTCSS Tone Frequency is set using Menu #12.
For example, to set a CTCSS Tone Frequency of 103.5
Hz, use the following procedure:
l Press the [MENU] button to activate the Menu
mode of operation.
l Rotate the SUB-TUNE knob to select Menu #12
(“TONE-FRQ”).
l Rotate the MEM/VFO CH knob to set the value to
103.5 Hz.
l Press the [MENU] key to exit the Menu mode.
To summarize:
l First set the Tone Mode, using the [3(TONE)] key.
l Next set the Tone Frequency, using Menu #12.
CTCSS TON E FREQU ENCY (Hz)
67.0
69.3
71.9
74.4
77.0
79.7
82.5
85.4
88.5
91.5
94.8
97.4
100.0
103.5
107.2
110.9
114.8
118.8
123.0
127.3
131.8
136.5
141.3
146.2
151.4
156.7
162.2
167.9
173.8
179.9
186.2
192.8
203.5
210.7
218.1
225.7
233.6
241.8
250.3
-
FT-847 OPERATING MANUAL
After completing these steps, and setting the repeater
shift, if applicable, you will probably want to store
this data into a memory register. See page 71 for details on how to do this.
53
OPERATION
FM TRANSMISSION
DCS (DIGITAL CODED SQUELCH) OPERATION
DTMF (AUTOPATCH) OPERATION
Similar to CTCSS, the DCS system is another form of
selective calling. An advantage of DCS is that it is
less susceptible to false opening of the squelch by unwanted signals.
The optional MH-36D8 DTMF Microphone includes
a 16-key DTMF pad, which may be used for autopatch
and/or control purposes. These keys are [0] ~ [9], plus
[A], [B], [C], and [D].
As with CTCSS operation, the proper setup of DCS
involves two basic steps:
To send DTMF tones, first press the microphone’s
[PTT] switch. While holding in the [PTT] switch,
press the required DTMF keys in the order required.
You may then release the [PTT] switch, if you need to
listen for “Dial” tone or some other reply from the
repeater. Otherwise, you may continue with the transmission.
l Activating the DCS system, using the [3(TONE)]
key; and
l Selecting the proper DCS Code (analogous to the
CTCSS Tone Frequency).
To activate the DCS system, press the [3(TONE)] key
three times (if you currently have no tone system activated). The first two presses of this key activate the
CTCSS Encoder and Decoder, respectively, while the
third press deactivates the CTCSS and activates the
DCS. The DCS system is an Encode-Decode system
only.
To select the desired DCS Code, use Menu #13:
l Press the [MENU] button to activate the Menu
mode of operation.
l Rotate the SUB-TUNE knob to select Menu #13
(“DCS-CODE”).
l Rotate the MEM/VFO CH knob to set the desired
Code #.
l Press the [MENU] key to exit the Menu mode.
The [A], [B], [C], and [D] keys
are generally used only for repeater control by a Control Operator; consult your repeater’s
autopatch administrator for command code information.
For nighttime use, the MH-36D8
includes a back-lighting feature
which may be activated by turning the microphone’s [LAMP]
key on.
DCS CODE
023 025 026 031 032 036 043 047 051 053 054 065 071
072 073 074 114 115 116 122 125 131 132 134 143 145
Important Notes
152 155 156 162 165 172 174 205 212 223 225 226 243
Regarding CTCSS and DCS Decoder Operation
244 245 246 251 252 255 261 263 265 266 271 274 306
311 315 325 331 332 343 346 351 356 364 365 371 411
412 413 423 431 432 445 446 452 454 455 462 464 465
466 503 506 516 523 526 532 546 565 606 612 624 627
Because your FT-847’s receiver will be silent
during CTCSS or DCS Decoder operation, you
must be certain that the current operating frequency is not occupied before you transmit.
631 632 654 662 664 703 712 723 731 732 734 743 754
The display’s “BUSY” icon responds to the presence of a carrier, and ignores any tones present.
So if you do not hear any speech audio in your
speaker, but see the “B U S Y ” icon on the display, this indicates that a station using a different CTCSS Tone or DCS Code is currently using the frequency. Wait until the other station’s
transmission is completed (the “BUSY” icon will
disappear) before making your transmission. If
the “BUSY” icon does not disappear within a
reasonable time period, disable the Decoder in
use to be certain that the front panel’s SQL control is properly silencing background noise.
54
FT-847 OPERATING MANUAL
OPERATION
FM TRANSMISSION
CROSS-BAND REPEATER OPERATION
The FT-847 can be set up to operate as a one-way
“range extender,” using the Menu system. This feature is useful for emergency portable work in a remote
area to extend the range of a dual-band hand-held transceiver. However, please remember these points before
using the cross-band repeater function:
l Check the amateur radio rules and regulations for
your country, to ensure that this type of operation
is permitted.
l Pick your frequency pair carefully, so as not to cause
harmful interference to other users. The use of
cross-band repeaters has the potential to cause serious disruption of communications circuits, and
the creation of harmful interference is inconsiderate and may be illegal! If you are not sure of active
repeater frequencies in your area, a safe rule is to
stay off of the repeater sub-bands and use the FM
simplex portion of each band. Contact your area’s
frequency coordinator for guidance.
l Remember that the transmit duty cycle will be much
higher during repeater service, so we recommend
that the transmit power level be set to 25 Watts or
lower, to ensure cooler operation.
l Transceiver CTCSS or DCS Encode/Decode settings may, of course, be activated, allowing selective calling for your cross-band repeater. However,
keep in mind that, if the channels you use are so
busy as to motivate you toward CTCSS/DCS decoding, you may not have chosen a good frequency
pair on which to operate, as the potential for interference to other users is high.
FT-847 OPERATING MANUAL
Here is the procedure for setting up cross-band repeater
operation:
• Press the [SAT] switch to activate “Satellite” operation.
‚ Set the desired transmit frequency into the Sub
VFO, and the desired receive frequency into the
Main VFO.
ƒ Rotate the SQL control such that the background
noise is silenced.
„ Press the [MENU] switch to enter the Menu mode.
… Rotate the SUB-TUNE knob to select Menu #41
(“X RPT”).
Rotate
the MEM/VFO CH knob to set this feature
†
to “ON.”
‡ Press the [MENU] key to exit the Menu mode.
During cross-band repeater operation, the
[RX(HOME)], [TX(VFO/M)], and [A u
t B] keys are
all functional, for control of the uplink and downlink
frequency relationships.
Note: The cross-band repeat function (Menu #41) can
only be initiated while the“Satellite” mode is
activated. If the “Satellite” mode is not activated, the Menu system will not allow Menu #41
(X RPT) to be set to the “ON” position.
To exit the cross-band repeater mode, press [SAT]
swicth momentarily, or re-enter the Menu, and set
Menu #41 to “OFF.”
55
OPERATION
FM PACKET OPERATION
The FT-847 may easily be configured for 1200 or 9600 bps packet operation.
• Refer to page 17, and connect your TNC (Termi-
„ Set the transceiver to the desired operating fre-
nal Node Controller) to the rear panel’s PKT jack,
per the instructions on that page.
‚ Set the FT-847 to the desired band, and press the
[FM/AM] mode key, as necessary, to select the
“FM” operating mode. Note that there is no
“Packet” mode activated via the front panel; the
“Packet” mode is recognized when the microprocessor detects PTT control commands sent via the
PKT jack.
ƒ Select the desired baud rate for your packet operating session. To do this:
l Press the [MENU] button to activate the Menu
mode of operation.
l Rotate the SUB-TUNE knob to select Menu #23
(“PKT-RATE”).
l Rotate the MEM/VFO CH knob to select either
“1200” or “9600” bps.
l Press the [MENU] key to exit the Menu mode.
quency. You may find it more convenient to use
the MEM/VFO CH knob to set the frequency in
the FM mode, because of the channelized nature
of most packet systems. Be sure to disable any repeater shifts, if they have been manually activated
by you.
… Set the MIC (GAIN) control fully counter-clockwise.
† Set the RF PWR control to the 12 o’clock position.
‡ Using the keyboard of the computer connected to
your TNC, you may now issue the “Connect” command, and begin operation. When you transmit via
the PKT jack, the “DATA” icon will appear on the
display.
ˆ Adjust the setting of the RF PWR control to the
minimum setting which will allow reliable communication with the packet network on which you
are operating. Because of the high duty cycle which
may be associated with active packet networks, we
recommend that the RF PWR control be set so that
the power output is between15 and 25 Watts (144/
430 MHz) or between 35 and 50 Watts (50 MHz).
If 9600 bps has been selected, the “9 6 0 0 ” icon
will appear along the bottom edge of the LCD.
Note: For 2400 bps operation, you may have to
experiment with this Menu selection, as different TNCs may work better with one setting or the other.
56
Note: The baud rate setting may be independently set
on each band and on each VFO. That is, you
may set the baud rate on VFO-A’s 430 MHz band
to 9600 bps, while setting VFO-B’s 430 MHz
band to 1200 bps. The baud rate setting will be
preserved if the frequency is stored into a
memory channel register.
FT-847 OPERATING MANUAL
OPERATION
AFSK RTTY/DATA OPERATION
A wide variety of SSB-based data modes may be utilized via the rear panel’s DATA IN/OUT jack.
• Refer to page 16, and connect your TNC or Termi-
… Adjust the setting of the RF PWR control to the
nal Unit to the rear panel’s DATA IN/OUT jack
per the instructions on that page. Note that the
“Transmit Data” connection must be to an “AFSK”
(Audio Tone Generator) line, not an “FSK” line
(closure to ground).
‚ Press the [SSB] mode key, as necessary, to set the
desired mode. For Baudot RTTY operation on the
HF bands, use the LSB mode. The microphone will
not be active during AFSK operation, so long as
you have connected the TNC’s PTT line via the
DATA IN/OUT jack per the diagram on page 16.
ƒ Set the RF PWR control to the 12 o’clock position.
„ Using the keyboard of the computer connected to
your TNC, you may now issue the “Connect” command, and begin operation. When you transmit via
the DATA IN/OUT jack, the “DATA” icon will appear on the display.
minimum setting which will allow reliable communication with other digital stations. Because of
the high duty cycle which especially is encountered
during RTTY operation, we recommend that the
RF PWR control be set so that the power output is
between 15 and 25 Watts (144/430 MHz) or between 35 and 50 Watts (50 MHz). AMTOR operation, on the other hand, should not exceed a 50%
duty cycle, so full power may be used in this mode,
if required.
FT-847 OPERATING MANUAL
57
OPERATION
AM TRANSMISSION
The FT-847 includes provision for AM transmission using an early-stage modulator.
• Connect your microphone to the front panel MIC
jack. Preset the MIC (GAIN) control fully counterclockwise.
‚ Press the FM/AM mode key, as necessary, to select
the “AM” operating mode.
ƒ Rotate the MAIN VFO Tuning Dial to set the operating frequency.
„ Close the microphone’s PTT switch, and adjust the
RF PWR control so that the power output is 33%
of the rated maximum output for the band in use
(i.e. 33 Watts on 1.8 ~ 54 MHz, or 16.5 Watts on
144/430 MHz). This is the setting of the carrier
level which ensures adequate power for the modulation sidebands. To activate transmission, you may
also use the front panel’s MOX switch, if you prefer.
… Advance the MIC (GAIN) control clockwise while
speaking, at a normal voice level, into the microphone. Advance the gain to the point where a slight
upward deflection in the power output reading is
observed on voice peaks. This is the point where
approximately 100% modulation is achieved.
† Release the PTT (or MOX) switch to return to the
receive mode.
58
FT-847 OPERATING MANUAL
OPERATION
Operation on Alaska Emergency Frequency: 5167.5 kHz
(U.S.A version only)
Section 97.401(d) of the regulations governing amateur radio in the United States permit emergency
amateur communications on the spot frequency of
5167.5 kHz by stations in (or within 92.6 km of)
the state of Alaska. This frequency is only to be
used when the immediate safety of human life and/
or property are threatened, and is never to be used
for routine communications.
The FT-847 includes the capability for transmission and reception on 5167.5 kHz under such emergency conditions via the Menu system. To activate
this feature:
• Press the [MENU] button to activate the Menu
mode of operation.
‚ Rotate the SUB-TUNE knob to select Menu #40
(“5167KHZ”).
ƒ Rotate the MEM/VFO CH knob to select “ON”
for this frequency.
„ Press the [MENU] key to exit the Menu mode.
Note that the receive-mode CLARIFIER functions normally while using this frequency, but variation of
the transmit frequency is not possible. Activation
of Menu #40 does not enable any other out-of-amateur-band capability on the transceiver. The full
specifications of the FT-847 are not necessarily
guaranteed on this frequency, but power output and
receiver sensitivity should be fully satisfactory for
the purpose of emergency communication.
To return to normal transceiver operation, repeat
the procedure detailed above, but set Menu #40 to
“OFF” in step ƒ of the procedure.
In an emergency, note that a half-wave dipole cut
for this frequency should be approximately 45’3”
on each leg (90’6” total length).
Emergency operation on 5167.5 kHz is shared with
the Alaska-Fixed Service. This transceiver is not
authorized for operation, under the FCC’s Part 87,
for aeronautical communications.
Emergency communication on this spot frequency
is now possible:
Press the [BAND] keys, as necessary, to locate
the Emergency Channel, which will be located
between the 3.5 MHz and 7 MHz bands.
FT-847 OPERATING MANUAL
59
OPERATION
ANTENNA TUNER (FC-20) OPERATION
The optional FC-20 (external) Automatic Antenna Tuner may be helpful, in some installations, in maintaining a
satisfactory impedance match between your coaxial feedline and the FT-847’s final amplifier stage. The FC-20
operates on the 160 through 6 meter bands, and is capable of achieving an impedance match in the presence of up
to 3:1 SWR (impedance range: 16.5Ω ~ 150Ω) on HF, and 2:1 SWR on 50 MHz (25Ω ~ 100Ω). On the 144 and
430 MHz bands, high SWR causes losses in your coaxial cable to escalate rapidly, so impedance problems should
be resolved by adjustments at the antenna feedpoint.
The FC-20 is not designed to accommodate the widely varying impedance presented by “random-length” or “long
wire” antennas.
OPERATING PROCEDURE
• Connect the FC-20 between the FT-847 and your
antenna system as shown on page 10.
‚ Determine if you need to use the FC-20 on the 50
MHz band. If so, using Menu #28, route the power
output on 50 MHz via the HF antenna jack (see
page 87.
ƒ Set the RF PWR control fully clockwise.
„ Press the front panel’s [TUNER] switch momentarily; this will turn the FC-20 On.
… Press the front panel’s [TUNER] switch for ½ second to initiate antenna tuning. The “WAIT ” icon
will appear on the display during tuning, and will
disappear when a match has been achieved. If a
satisfactory match cannot be achieved by the tuner,
the “HI SWR” icon will appear on the display, and
you should make adjustments or repairs to your antenna system to resolve the problem.
† If you wish to turn off the antenna tuner’s matching circuitry, press the [TUNER] key momentarily.
60
Note: The power level used during tuning depends on
the setting of the RF PWR control. We recommend that this control be set for a power output
of about 50 Watts maximum for antenna tuning
purposes. Antenna tuning is accomplished using a “CW” carrier, although the mode indication will not change to “CW” (if you are operating on another mode) during antenna tuning.
FT-847 OPERATING MANUAL
OPERATION
ANTENNA TUNER (FC-20) OPERATION
ANTENNA TUNER MEMORY SYSTEM
The FC-20, working in concert with the FT-847, can
store impedance matching data in its micro-computer
memory, so as to provide instant adjustment as you
transmit in different areas of a particular band. A total
of 100 memories are provided: 11 of these are “general” memories apportioned one per band, while the
remaining 89 are allocated for specific frequency data
within the various bands, with the capability to resolve
new tuning data every 10 kHz. A few guidelines should
be noted regarding the FC-20’s memory system:
1. Tuning data is stored when you make an active effort to store it by pressing and holding in the
[TUNER] key for ½ second. Although the tuner
will automatically activate itself if it encounters
more than 1.5:1 SWR, this memory will not be
stored unless you have pressed the [TUNER] key
for ½ second. This allows you to store your favorite operating frequency areas into tuner memory
without tying up memory space with matching data
on seldom-used frequencies.
2. If the FC-20 cannot resolve a satisfactory match
because the SWR is above 3:1 (2:1 on the 50 MHz
band), the tuning process will stop, and no memory
data will be stored. However, you may wish to move
FT-847 OPERATING MANUAL
frequency a few kHz, then press the [TUNER] key
again for ½ second, as slight changes in the reactance may allow a match to be obtained. Then go
back to the original frequency and try again.
3. Another technique which may allow matching in
some situations is to add a few feet or meters of
coaxial cable on the “antenna side” of the FC-20.
This will change the impedance transformation taking place in the coaxial cable, possibly moving the
impedance presented to the FC-20 into an acceptable range. Note that this is not changing the actual
antenna SWR, but only the impedance “seen” by
the FC-20’s matching circuits.
4. If your antenna system presents an SWR of less
than 1.5:1, you may wish to turn off the antenna
tuner, as full transmitter power will be delivered to
the antenna system without intervention by the FC20.
5. If the impedance encountered by the FC-20 exceeds
3:1, and the “HI SWR” icon is illuminated, the microprocessor will not retain the tuning data for that
frequency, as the FC-20 presumes that you will
want to adjust or repair your antenna system so as
to correct the high SWR condition.
61
OPERATION
ACTIVE-TUNING ANTENNA SYSTEM (ATAS-100) OPERATION
The optional ATAS-100 Active-Tuning Antenna System provides operation on the 7, 14, 21, 28, 50, 144, and 430
MHz bands.
Full instructions for its use are found in the documentation accompanying the ATAS-100.
To activate automatic tuning of the ATAS-100, Menu #31 must be changed from its default “TUNER ” setting to
“ANT.” See page 88 for details.
62
AUTOMATIC TUNING
MANUAL TUNING
• Press the [TUNER] switch momentarily to “turn
on” the ATAS-100. The “TUNER ” icon will appear on the LCD.
‚ Now press and hold in the [TUNER] switch for ½
second to initiate the tuning procedure. The FT847 will automatically transmit a carrier, and you
will observe the ATAS-100 extending itself beyond
its fully-nested position. During tuning, the S-Meter
becomes a relative SWR indicator, and successful
matching will be indicated by a sudden “dip” in
the reading on the meter.
ƒ When tuning is successfully completed, the FT-847
will return to the receive mode.
„ When changing bands, once a match has been obtained via step ‚ above, just press and hold in the
[TUNER] switch for ½ second to initiate re-tuning
of the ATAS-100 for operation on the new band.
Although there is no “memory” of antenna position, the ATAS-100 will raise or lower itself in the
“correct” direction if it has successfully achieved
an impedance match on one band.
… For operation on 144 and 430 MHz, the loading
coil assembly must be fully “nested” at its minimum length. If it is not in this position, touch the
[TUNER] switch momentarily; the ATAS-100 will
retract itself fully, and will turn itself off at the
nested position. Operation on the 144 MHz or 430
MHz bands may then commence.
In some instances, the SWR may be slightly improved
by manual adjustment of the antenna position. This
may be needed for operation on bands like 17 meters,
where the “Q” of the ATAS-100 is high, causing a
narrow resonance range.
To tune the ATAS-100 manually, press the MOX
switch (or press and hold in the microphone PTT
switch). With the transceiver in the “TRANSMIT” mode,
press and hold in the [MHZ p] key (to raise the antenna) or the [MHZ q] key (to lower the antenna).
While you hold in one of these keys, the FT-847 will
generate a carrier, and you may watch the top scale of
the FT-847’s meter, looking for the meter indication
to reach its minimum value. When this is reached, release the [MHz] key, then press MOX (or release the
PTT key to return to the “RECEIVE” mode.
FT-847 OPERATING MANUAL
OPERATION
ACTIVE-TUNING ANTENNA SYSTEM (ATAS-100) OPERATION
Notes:
m Once automatic matching has been successfully
accomplished, you must change frequency by at
least 10 kHz before attempting automatic matching again. Within a window of ±10 kHz from a
match point, the transceiver's microprocessor will
ignore any command to attempt automatic matching.
m Antenna tuning is accomplished using a “CW” carrier, although the mode indication will not change
to “CW” (if you are operating on another mode)
during antenna tuning.
m If you see a “H I S W R ” indication on the LCD, it
may mean that there is a problem in your coaxial
cable (bad connection, etc.) which is preventing
successful tuning. Replace the cable, or try adding
a few feet/meters of cable (to eliminate the possibility of adverse “transformer action” in the 50Ω
cable during the tuning process).
m If you are able to achieve an SWR of less than 2:1
via manual tuning, the FT-847 will “accept” the
manual setting, and you may then re-tune automatically when changing bands.
m If, however, you stop manual tuning at a non-optimum setting (SWR >2:1), the FT-847 will not permit further automatic tuning. To refresh the setting
of the ATAS-100, press the [MHZ q] key until the
ATAS-100 will fully retract. You may then restart
automatic tuning per the procedures described earlier.
ATAS-100 Operating Tips
The information below will help you derive the best performance possible from your new ATAS-100 Active-Tuning Antenna System.
GROUNDING
It is critically important that you establish a good
mechanical and RF ground connection for your
ATAS-100 (as with all vertical antennas). Mobile
mounts which are bolted through the vehicle’s roof,
or otherwise mechanically affixed, will usually be
satisfactory. However, magnetic mounts do not provide the RF grounding necessary for good performance, and are not recommended for use with this
antenna.
TUNING PROCEDURE
The feedpoint impedance of the ATAS-100 (resistance and reactance) will necessarily vary over a
wide range when you change bands. Occasionally,
the transceiver’s microprocessor will not initially
be able to determine the proper direction for the
ATAS-100 to travel (inward or outward) for best
SWR.
To resolve this situation, the transceiver will then
command the ATAS-100 to retract fully to its minimum height, and thence restart the tuning process.
In this instance, the “WAIT ” icon will appear on
the display after you press the [TUNER] button. If
this happens, do not press the [TUNER] button
repeatedly. The transceiver will remain in the receive mode as it retracts (this may take up to one
minute). Thereafter, the transmitter will be engaged,
and the ATAS-100 will be automatically adjusted
for best SWR. The “WAIT ” icon will then disappear from the LCD, and you will be ready for operation.
FT-847 OPERATING MANUAL
The command which retracts the ATAS-100 to its
minimum height utilizes a fixed timer. If the ATAS100 reaches its minimum height before the timer
has expired, you may observe the antenna’s motor
continuing to rotate; this is normal, as the ATAS100’s retraction mechanism includes a clutch assembly to prevent damage to the antenna or motor.
EXTERNAL W ATTMETERS
If you wish to use an external wattmeter in conjunction with the transceiver and your ATAS-100,
please check the wattmeter with an Ohmmeter prior
to installation. Be sure there is a direct connection
between the “IN” and “OUT” jacks of the wattmeter (zero resistance), and also ensure that there is a
completely open circuit between the center pin and
shield of the wattmeter’s output jack. Some wattmeters use a coil or other device which shorts the
center pin to ground at DC, and this type of internal wattmeter circuitry will not allow the tuning
function of the ATAS-100 to operate.
OPERATION ON 30/17/12 METERS
Although the ATAS-100 is not specified for operation on the above bands, and optimum operation is therefore not guaranteed, the ATAS-100
generally can be tuned successfully on these bands
(some manual adjustment may be required). Operation of the ATAS-100 on these bands will not
damage the antenna’s components; please feel free
to experiment on these bands, if you like.
63
OPERATION
SPLIT FREQUENCY OPERATION (NON-SATELLITE)
The FT-847 provides convenient split-frequency operation, using the Main and Sub VFOs, for DX working and
other operating situations requiring unique split frequency pairs. For repeater operation using the default shifts
provided, see page 52. Split operation per this section is not a “full-duplex” configuration as needed for satellite
operation; see page 66 for details regarding satellite full-duplex operation.
The example below will describe a split-frequency DX situation on the 20-meter band, with a DX station transmitting on 14.025 MHz, listening 10 kHz higher in the band.
• With the Main VFO set to 14.025.00 MHz CW,
press the [AuB] key to transfer the contents of the
Main VFO into the Sub VFO.
‚ Press the [SPLIT] key momentarily. The FT-847
will now transmit using the Sub VFO frequency,
and will receive using the Main VFO frequency.
The “SPLIT ” icon will appear on the display.
Rotate
the SUB-TUNE knob to set 14.035.00 MHz
ƒ
on the Sub VFO display.
„ To listen to the pile-up calling the DX station (so
as to align your frequency more closely to that of
the station being worked by the DX), press the
[A u
t B] key. The Main VFO will now be tuning in
the vicinity of 14.035 MHz, and you can zero in on
the DX station’s listening frequency by tuning in
on the station in QSO with the DX. Press [A u
t B]
again to return the receiver to the DX station’s transmitting frequency.
… Press the [SPLIT] key once more to cancel split
operation. Transmit/receive control will revert to
the Main VFO, and the “SPLIT ” icon will disappear from the display.
64
FT-847 OPERATING MANUAL
OPERATION
NOTE
FT-847 OPERATING MANUAL
65
OPERATION
SATELLITE OPERATION
The FT-847 is an outstanding performer on amateur satellites, providing “turn-key” operation on Voice/CW “analog” satellites, and easy interface for digital mode operation.
Downloaded by
Amateur Radio Directory
The chief features of the FT-847 for satellite operation include:
l
l
l
l
l
Full duplex crossband capability, pioneered on the Yaesu FT-726R;
www.hamdirectory.info
Uplink/downlink “tracking” of the VFOs, introduced on the Yaesu FT-736R;
Dual frequency displays, showing both uplink and downlink frequencies;
The SUB-TUNE control, which allows manual adjustment of the uplink frequency;
The dedicated Satellite “Memory” VFO system, which includes alpha-numeric labeling of the memories
and independent operating mode storage on the uplink and downlink registers; and
l The frequency entry keyboard (including the [SUB] key), which makes loading of uplink and downlink
frequencies simple.
Satellite operation involves transmission on one band while simultaneously receiving on another band (sometimes
on another operating mode, as well). This is different from “Split” operation, where transmission and reception are
not occurring simultaneously; the [SPLIT] key should not be used during satellite operation.
“Analog” Satellite Transponder Information
SATELLITE NAME ORBIT TYPE(1)
AO-10
Molniya
AO-27
LEO
FO-20
LEO
FO-29
LEO
RS-13
LEO
RS-15
LEO
UPLINK
DOWNLINK
435.030 ~ 435.180 MHz 145.975 ~ 145.825 MHz
CW & LSB
CW & USB
145.850 MHz FM
436.972 MHz FM
145.900 ~ 146.000 MHz 435.900 ~ 435.800 MHz
CW & LSB
CW & USB
NOTES
Semi-operational.
Inverted Transponder.
Single Channel
Inverted Transponder.
Inverted Transponder.
145.900 ~ 146.000 MHz 435.900 ~ 435.800 MHz
Operation schedule varies,
CW & LSB
CW & USB
shared with Digital modes(2)
21.260 ~ 21.300 and
29.460 ~ 29.500 MHz Use either uplink band for
145.960 ~ 146.000 MHz
CW & USB
transponder access.
CW & USB
Communication range
145.858 ~ 145.898 MHz 29.354 ~ 29.394 MHz
greater than RS-13 due to
CW & USB
CW & USB
higer orbit.
Notes: (1) Orbit Types: Molniya - Elliptical orbit, Apogee ≅ 36,000 km, Perigee ≅ 4,000 km
LEO - “Low Earth Orbit,” Apogee/Perigee ≤ 2,000 km.
(2) The FO-29 operating schedule, and that of other satellites, may be viwed at AMSAT’s Web site:
<http://www.amsat.org/amsat/news/ans.html>
66
FT-847 OPERATING MANUAL
OPERATION
SATELLITE OPERATION
Here is an example of satellite operation setup for a typical “analog” voice satellite, AO-10, operating in “Mode B”
on SSB:
• Press the [SAT] switch to activate the “Satellite”
ˆ Now rotate the MAIN VFO Tuning Dial to find a
mode of operation. The “
” icon will appear on
the LCD.
‚ Press the [A ut B] key, if necessary, to set the 144
MHz band on the Main Display and the 430 MHz
band on the Sub Display. For Mode B operation,
your radio’s transmit frequency (the “uplink”) will
be on 435 MHz LSB, while your listening (“downlink”) frequency band will be 145 MHz USB.
ƒ Using the keypad, set a starting downlink frequency
(for example, 145.895 MHz) on USB.
„ Refer to an appropriate frequency conversion chart,
and use the keypad to enter the uplink frequency
which corresponds to 145.895 MHz (in this case,
435.110 MHz); this is done by pressing
[SUB] ð[ENT] ð(frequency digits) ð
[ENT]ð [SSB] (to select LSB) ð[SUB].
… Press the [TRACK(AuB)] key; this activates the
“Tracking” feature required for operation on many
satellite transponders. An icon (either “TCK-REV”
or “TCK-NOR”) will appear on the LCD, indicating the type of tracking selected (“REVERSE” or
“NORMAL”).
† For satellite AO-10, “REVERSE” tracking is required
(whereby upward frequency change on the Main
VFO causes downward frequency change on the
Sub VFO). If “TCK-REV ” does not appear, press
the [N/R] key once to change the Tracking mode.
‡ Press and hold in the [MCK/W] key momentarily;
a single “beep” will be heard. The “M CK ” icon on
the LCD will blink. Now press and hold in the
[MCK/W] key for ½ second until a double “beep”
is heard; this will lock the current frequency pair
into “Satellite Memory” register #1.
clear frequency. As you do this, observe that the
Sub Display frequency is changing in the opposite
direction from that of the Main Display.
‰ If the satellite is above the horizon, adjust the position of your antennas so as to point them at the
satellite.
Š When the frequency is clear, press the microphone’s
[PTT] switch, and give a short whistle into the microphone. If you have set the uplink/downlink frequency relationship approximately correctly, you
should hear yourself (after a short delay) coming
back from the satellite. Now rotate the SUB-TUNE
knob so as to make your voice sound natural as
you speak into the microphone (you may find it
easier to match the tones of your whistling).
FT-847 OPERATING MANUAL
You may now tune the satellite sub-band, using the
MAIN VFO Tuning Dial, as though you were operating on any HF or VHF band. As you tune, the uplink
frequency will automatically be adjusted by the Tracking feature. Periodically, you may have to make very
slight adjustments to the uplink frequency, using the
SUB-TUNE control, as Doppler Shift is of different
magnitude on UHF (the 435 MHz Doppler Shift is
about three times the shift on 145 MHz).
Note: Operation on satellite Mode “K” is not possible
with the FT-847, as both the uplink (21 MHz)
and downlink (29 MHz) frequencies fall on the
“HF” antenna jack.
67
OPERATION
SATELLITE OPERATION
SATELLITE “MEMORY” REGISTERS
SATELLITE METERING OPTIONS
The FT-847 provides twelve Satellite “Memory” registers which function as independent VFO pairs; these
allow the FT-847 to be configured for a number of
different satellites, each with its own frequency and
tracking specifications.
During transmission, the lower meter scale may be set,
via Menu #34, to indicate one of three possible conditions:
In the discussion above, a “Mode B” frequency pair
(435 MHz uplink, 145 MHz downlink) was loaded into
Satellite Memory register #1. Now you will learn how
to load a “Mode A” frequency pair (145 MHz uplink,
29 MHz downlink) with “Normal” tracking into Satellite Memory register #2. This discussion picks up
after step Š above.
• Using the keyboard, set the Main VFO to 29.480
MHz USB (the center of the Mode A downlink
passband for satellite RS-13).
‚ Using the keyboard, set the Sub VFO to 145.980
MHz USB (the center of RS-13’s Mode A uplink
passband).
ƒ Press the [N/R (SPLIT)] key to change the Tracking mode from “Reverse” (“TCK-REV”) to “Normal” (“TCK-NOR ”).
„ Press and hold in the [MCK/W] key momentarily;
a single “beep” will be heard. The “M CK ” icon on
the LCD will blink.
… Rotate the MEM/VFO CH knob to select “2 ” as
the new Satellite Memory register number. If you
wish to store this frequency data into a different
register number, you may select any number between 1 and 12 .
† Now press the [MCK/W] key for ½ second until a
double “beep” is heard.
‡ Now rotate the MEM/VFO CH control. You will
observe that the display switches back and forth
between the Mode A frequency pair just programmed and the Mode B frequency pair entered
in the earlier discussion. Note that the frequency,
uplink mode, and Tracking mode are all changing.
Additional Satellite Memory registers may be loaded
with different satellite transponder frequency pairs, so
as to accommodate Mode A, Mode B, Mode J, Mode
T, and various uplink and downlink combinations on
different satellites (for example, satellites RS-13 and
RS-15 were both designed for Mode A, but use slightly
different uplinks and downlinks on the same frequency
bands: 145 MHz uplink, 29 MHz downlink).
A. On FM, the meter may serve as a Discriminator
Center Meter, for precise adjustment of the
downlink signal while compensating for Doppler Shift.
B. The meter may also serve as a “PO” (Power
Output) meter.
C. Alternatively, the meter may monitor your
transmitter’s ALC level.
The top meter area always serves as a received signal
strength (“S”) meter, thus allowing the operator to
monitor the status of both the transmit and receive sides
of the satellite link. To change the (lower) meter’s function:
l Press the [MENU] button to activate the Menu
mode of operation.
l Rotate the SUB-TUNE knob to select Menu #34
(“SAT-MTR”).
l Rotate the MEM/VFO CH knob to select the
desired function (DISC, PO, or ALC).
l Press the [MENU] key to exit the Menu mode.
Operating Reminder
Direct Frequency Entry on Main and Sub VFOs
To Enter a Frequency into the Main VFO
(example: 145.895 MHz USB)
• Press [ENT].
‚ Press [1] ð [4] ð [5] ð [l] ð
[8] ð [9] ð [5] ð [ENT].
ƒ If the display does not indicate “USB ” below the Main Frequency Display field, press
[SSB] once or twice, as need, to make
“USB” appear.
To Enter a Frequency into the Sub VFO
(example: 435.110 MHz LSB)
• Press [SUB].
‚ Press [ENT].
ƒ Press [4] ð [3] ð [5] ð [l] ð
[1] ð [1] ð [ENT] ð [SSB] ð [SUB].
(In the above step, pressing [SSB] is required
if “LSB ” is not displayed below the Sub VFO
Frequency Display field).
68
FT-847 OPERATING MANUAL
OPERATION
SATELLITE OPERATION
SATELLITE MEMORY LABELING
When storing satellite memories, a special feature of
these memory channels is the alpha-numeric labeling
(“Tag”) which can be appended to each memory. This
can be particularly useful if you wish to preset a number of satellite memories as starting points for operation on a number of satellites. You may then label each
memory with the satellite’s designator number and the
operating mode.
This procedure may be repeated for each Satellite
memory register, for easy identification of the satellite name, operating frequencies, and mode of operation (the “D” represents “Digital” operation in the
above example).
For example, you might wish to label an appropriate
memory as being configured for the satellite known
as “FO-29” (Fuji-Oscar 29) in Mode JD. When the
Satellite Memory is selected via the MEM/VFO CH
knob, the Tag will be displayed for two seconds, after
which the frequency display for that Satellite Memory
register will appear.
If you reset the microprocessor (via Menu #38
or 39), the contents of the Satellite Memory registers will also be cleared out.
To store Satellite Tags, use the following procedure:
l Press the [MENU] button to activate the Menu
mode of operation.
l Rotate the SUB-TUNE knob to select Menu #35
(“SAT TAG”).
l Press the[MCK/W] key.
l Rotate the MEM/VFO CH knob to select the
Satellite Memory to which an alpha-numeric
Tag is to be appended.
l Rotate the SUB-TUNE knob to select the first
position in the Tag to be programmed. The current character will be blinking.
l Rotate the MEM/VFO CH knob to select the
letter or number to be set into the current slot.
In this case, select “F” as the first letter.
l Repeat the last two steps so as to select
“FO29JD” as the complete label.
l Press the [MCK/W] key to complete entry of
this Tag. Repeat this process for as many Satellite Memory registers as you wish.
l Press the [MENU] key to exit the Menu mode.
FT-847 OPERATING MANUAL
Note
Regarding Satellite Memory Registers
If this happens, please re-load the Satellite
Memory registers in accordance with the instructions in this chapter.
Be certain that Menu #36 (“AUTO-MEM ”) is
set to “ON” before commencing satellite operation. See page 88 for details regarding Menu
#36.
The wide variety of amateur satellites provides many
opportunities to utilize the flexibility of the FT-847.
For example, some digital satellites may require an
uplink signal to be sent on FM, while downlinking on
SSB. Full details on satellite frequencies, operating
modes, and operating procedures may be found in
books available from your dealer, or from the Web
site of AMSAT-NA (Amateur Satellite Corporation)
at <http://www.amsat.org>, which provides many links
to other national satellite organizations, such as
AMSAT-DL, AMSAT-UK, AMSAT-Australia, etc.
69
MEMORY OPERATION
The FT-847’s Memory System provides a wide variety of facilities which enhance operating efficiency and convenience. The Memory System stores frequency, operating mode, bandwidth, repeater offset and tone data, and
CLARIFIER information, to minimize the need to reset controls each time a memory channel is recalled. The features
of the Memory System are described on the pages to follow.
QMB (QUICK MEMORY BANK)
A convenient QMB channel is available, providing instantaneous storage and recall of an urgently-needed frequency (for example, a DX station which is not currently listening for your call area).
QMB MEMORY STORAGE/RECALL
• While operating in the VFO mode, press the [QMB
STO] key momentarily to store the frequency.
Note:The QMB system is capable of memorizing:
l Operating frequency
l Operating mode
l Receiver filter (Wide/Narrow)
l Clarifier information (direction and magnitude)
l Repeater shift information (direction and
magnitude)
l Packet baud rate
‚ Press the [QMB RCL] key momentarily to recall
the current QMB channel. The “S P ” (“SPecial
Memory”) designator will appear in the Memory
Channel window.
ƒ Press the [QMB RCL] key once more to return to
the previous frequency (either a VFO frequency or
a Memory channel).
70
Note: If you move the MAIN VFO Tuning Dial or the
VFO/MEM CH knob while in the QMB
Memory mode, you can change frequencies as
if you were in a “VFO” mode. When this is done,
the “MT ” (Memory Tune) icon will appear on
the display. Press the [QMB RCL] key once
more to return to the originally-stored QMB frequency.
FT-847 OPERATING MANUAL
MEMORY OPERATION
MAIN MEMORY SYSTEM
The Main Memory System of the FT-847 consists of memory channels 1 through 78, which provide the user with
a huge bank of memories for every operating need.
NORMAL (“SIMPLEX”) MEMORY STORAGE
Use this procedure for storage of most frequencies, when not operating either in the “Split” nor “Satellite” mode.
• Set the Main VFO to the frequency which you wish
to store in memory. Be sure that all mode, bandwidth, and other conditions are set the way you want
them.
‚ Press the [MCK/W] key momentarily. The “M CK ”
icon will blink at the top right-hand corner of the
Main Frequency Display field.
ƒ Rotate the MEM/VFO CH knob to select an unused channel (one where no frequency display is
found). In the above illustration, this is channel 15.
„ Press the [MCK/W] (“Memory Check and/or
Write”) key for ½ second. A double “beep” will be
heard, and the Main Frequency Display field will
revert to the VFO frequency. The double “beep”
confirms that the frequency data was stored. You
will still be operating in the “VFO” mode, so that
you can store additional frequencies into other
memory registers.
FT-847 OPERATING MANUAL
Notes: The Main Memory system is capable of memorizing:
l Operating frequency
l Operating mode
l Receiver filter (Wide/Narrow)
l Clarifier information (direction and magnitude)
l Repeater shift information (direction and
magnitude)
l CTCSS Tone information (CTCSS Encode,
Decode On/Off; Tone Frequency)
l DCS information (DCS On/Off, DCS Code)
l Packet baud rate
Channels “L” and “U ” are used as band limits for the
Programmable Memory Scan feature. See page 78 for
details.
71
MEMORY OPERATION
MAIN MEMORY SYSTEM
SPLIT-FREQUENCY MEMORY STORAGE
You can also store “Split” frequencies, such as when operating on a repeater system not utilizing a “standard”
offset. This procedure may also be used for DX work on 7 MHz SSB, etc.
• In the VFO mode, set the Main VFO to the desired
Receive frequency and mode.
‚ Press the [MCK/W] key momentarily. A single
“beep” will be heard, and the “M CK” icon at the
top right-hand corner of the Main Frequency Display field will blink.
ƒ Rotate the MEM/VFO CH knob to select the channel into which you wish to store the current frequency data (in the above illustration, channel 62).
„ Press the [MCK/W] key once more for ½ second;
a double “beep” will again be heard, confirming
that the Receive frequency data is now stored.
… Now set the Main VFO to the desired Transmit frequency.
† Press the [MCK/W] key for ½ second (you will
hear the double “beep”); do not rotate the MEM/
VFO CH knob!
‡ While the “6 2 ” (channel number) indication is
blinking, press and hold in the microphone’s PTT
switch; while holding in the PTT switch, again
press the [MCK/W] key for ½ second. The double
“beep” will confirm that independent Transmit frequency data is now stored. You may now release
the [PTT] switch.
72
Note: In step ‡ above, pressing the PTT switch does
not activate the transmitter. It simply sends a
signal to the microprocessor that an independent Transmit frequency is being stored on the
same channel as a previously-stored Receive
frequency.
FT-847 OPERATING MANUAL
MEMORY OPERATION
MAIN MEMORY SYSTEM
MEMORY CHANNEL RECALL
• While operating in the VFO mode, press the [VFO/
M] switch momentarily. The transceiver will switch
into the “Memory” mode.
‚ Rotate the MEM/VFO CH knob to select the desired Memory channel. Both the channel number
and frequency will appear on the display.
ƒ To return to VFO operation, press the [VFO/M]
key once more.
Note: When “Split” memories are programmed,
the Transmit frequency does not appear
on the display until the transmitter is activated. The frequency appearing on the
Sub VFO Display field is not the “Transmit” frequency during “Split” memory
operation.
FT-847 OPERATING MANUAL
Note: If you move the MAIN VFO Tuning Dial or the
SHUTTLE JOG™ ring while in the Memory
mode, you can change frequencies as if you were
in a “VFO” mode. When this is done, the “MT”
(Memory Tune) icon will appear on the display.
Press the [VFO/M] key once more to return to
the originally-stored Memory frequency.
While operating in the “MT” mode, if you want
to store a newly-tuned frequency, just follow the
procedures described previously for memory
storage (as though the “MT” mode were the
VFO mode). Just remember to select an unused
memory channel for storing the new frequency
data.
When operating on a “Split” frequency memory
(see previous page), the “+, –” indication will
appear on the display.
73
MEMORY OPERATION
MAIN MEMORY SYSTEM
“HOME” CHANNEL MEMORY
Four special one-touch HOME channels are available, for special frequencies you use often. Either “simplex” or
“split” frequency/mode data may be stored in the HOME channel locations. Separate HOME channels are available
for HF (any frequency between 1.8 and 29.7 MHz), 50 MHz, 144 MHz, and 430 MHz.
• Set the Main VFO to the frequency which you wish
to store into the HOME memory. Be sure that all
mode, bandwidth, and other conditions are set the
way you want them.
‚ Press the [MCK/W] key for ½ second.
ƒ Now press the [HOME] key for ½ second. This
stores the frequency data into the HOME channel
location.
„ If you wish to store a “Split” frequency pair into
the HOME channel, store the Receive frequency in
steps • ~ ƒ above. Now set the Main VFO to the
desired Transmit frequency.
… Once more, press the [MCK/W] key for ½ second.
† Press and hold in the microphone’s [PTT] switch;
while holding in the [PTT] switch, again press the
[HOME] key for ½ second. This stores the Transmit frequency data into the HOME channel location.
To
‡ recall the HOME channel, just press the [HOME]
key momentarily (while operating either in the VFO
or Memory mode). The “H ” indication will appear
in the memory channel number field to the right of
the main frequency display area. Press the [HOME]
key once more to return to the previous frequency
(either a VFO frequency or a memory channel).
74
FT-847 OPERATING MANUAL
MEMORY OPERATION
MAIN MEMORY SYSTEM
Notes: The HOME channel memory system is capable
of memorizing:
l Operating frequency
l Operating mode
l Receiver filter (Wide/Narrow)
l Clarifier information (direction and magnitude)
l Repeater shift information (direction and magnitude)
l CTCSS Tone information (CTCSS Encode,
Decode On/Off; Tone Frequency)
l DCS information (DCS On/Off, DCS Code)
l Packet baud rate
If you move the MAIN VFO Tuning Dial or the MEM/
VFO CH knob while in the HOME channel mode, you
can change frequencies as if you were in the “M T ”
mode. Press the [HOME] key once more to return to
the originally-stored Memory frequency.
While operating in the “pseudo-MT” mode, if you want
to store a newly-tuned frequency, just follow the procedures described previously for memory storage (as
though the “pseudo-MT” mode were the VFO mode).
Just remember to select an unused memory channel
for storing the new frequency data.
When operating on a “Split” frequency HOME memory
(see previous texts, the “+ , –” indication will appear
on the display.
ERASING INDIVIDUAL MEMORIES
You may wish to clear the contents of a single memory
channel. The procedure to clear a memory of its data
is:
• Press the [MCK/W] key momentarily.
‚ Rotate the MEM/VFO CH knob to select the
memory channel to be erased.
ƒ Press the [REV] key. This will erase the data.
„ If you need to erase other channels, repeat steps ‚
and ƒ above.
… Press the [MCK/W] key once more to exit to normal operation.
ERASING ALL MEMORIES
If you wish to erase all memories (including all Satellite Memory registers), and set the Main and Sub VFOs
to their default frequencies, use the following procedure:
• Press the [MENU] button to activate the Menu
mode of operation.
‚ Rotate the SUB-TUNE knob to select Menu #38
(“MEM CLR ”).
ƒ Press the [MCK/W] key.
„ Press the [MENU] key to exit the Menu mode.
Note: This procedure does not reset the Menu System
to its factory defaults. See page 95 regarding
microprocessor reset procedures.
Note
Regarding Recall of Home Channels
The HOME channel that will be recalled will depend on the last-used frequency band of operation. That is, if you are presently using a 144
MHz memory channel, pressing the [HOME]
key to switch to VFO operation on, for example,
14 MHz, pressing the [HOME] key will cause
the “HF Band” HOME channel to be recalled.
FT-847 OPERATING MANUAL
75
Smart Search™
The SMART SEARCH™ feature automatically loads active channels into special memory locations, without the need
for you to go through the memory loading process manually, channel-by-channel. This may be particularly useful
when traveling to a new city, where local repeater frequencies are not known.
The SMART SEARCH™ feature is functional in the FM mode only.
• Set the operating mode to FM.
‚ Adjust the SQL (Squelch) control so that the background noise is just silenced.
ƒ Press the [S.SRCH] key momentarily to enter the
SMART SEARCH™ mode. The “S.SRCH ” icon will
appear on the LCD.
„ Press the [S.SRCH] key for ½ second to initiate
SMART SEARCH™ scanning.
… The SMART SEARCH™ process will now cause the
FT-847 to scan upward in frequency on the current
band, loading channels on which it encounters a
signal strong enough to open the squelch. When
10 channels are loaded, the scanner will return to
the original frequency, then scan downward in frequency, loading another 10 channels. When all 20
S MART S EARCH™ channels are loaded, scanning
will stop, and the transceiver will return to the original operating frequency.
† To interrupt SMART SEARCH™ scanning at any time,
press the [S.SRCH] key momentarily.
76
‡ To recall SMART SEARCH™ memories just stored,
rotate the MEM/VFO CH knob (you must be in
the S MART SEARCH ™ mode, with the “S.SRCH ”
icon displayed, to recall SMART SEARCH™ memories).
ˆ To enter the SMART SEARCH™ mode from either
the VFO or Memory mode, or to exit the S MART
SEARCH™ mode, press the [S.SRCH] key momentarily.
Note: S MART S EARCH ™ memories for frequencies
above the original operating frequency are numbered “1 ” ~ “10 ” in the memory channel display area. SMART SEARCH™ memories for frequencies below the original operating frequency
are numbered “– 1 ” ~ “– 1 0 ” in the memory
channel display area.
During the SMART SEARCH™ scanning process,
the scanner only “notes” which channels are active; scanning does not stop until the S MART
SEARCH™ channels are filled (unless you manually stop the scan, as in step … above).
FT-847 OPERATING MANUAL
Priority Channel Operation
The “Priority Channel” feature initiates a two-frequency scanning process, whereby Memory Channel #1 is checked
every five seconds to see if there is activity. This feature is helpful if you wish to operate on one FM repeater while
checking for a call on another, and it is also useful for watching two VHF/UHF “Calling Frequencies” for activity
(e.g. 144.200 MHz and 432.100 MHz in North America). The Priority feature is available in all operating modes
(not just FM or AM).
When loading memories, remember to reserve Channel #1 for Priority use.
• Adjust the SQL (Squelch) control so that the background noise is just silenced.
‚ Press the keypad’s [5(PRI)] key momentarily to
initiate the Priority mode. The FT-847 will continue to operate normally on the current frequency,
but every five seconds will switch briefly to
Memory Channel #1, looking for activity. If no activity is found, operation will resume on the current frequency.
ƒ If activity is found on the Priority Channel (Memory
#1), the transceiver will lock on the Priority Channel for a time interval set via Menu #26 (see page
86).
„ If you press the microphone’s [PTT] switch while
“pausing” on the Priority Channel (Memory #1),
operation will be locked on the Priority Channel
frequency.
… Press the [VFO/M] or [5(PRI)] key to exit the Priority mode. Operation will then revert either to the
VFO or Memory mode, whichever was most recently in use before Priority operation was initiated.
FT-847 OPERATING MANUAL
77
Scanning Operation
The FT-847’s Scanning capability allows you to monitor a large number of Memory Channels, or to sweep a band
(or band segment), looking for activity. For scanning just a band segment, see page 80 for operating instructions
for the “PROGRAMMABLE MEMORY S CAN” mode of scanning.
• Adjust the SQL (Squelch) control so that the background noise is just silenced.
‚ Press the keypad’s [4(SCAN)] key momentarily
to initiate scanning in an upward direction (during
VFO scanning, towards a higher frequency; in
Memory scan, toward a higher channel number).
ƒ If the scanner encounters a signal strong enough to
open the squelch, In the FM/AM modes, the scanner will halt and pause on that channel in accordance with the “hold” time set via Menu #26 (see
page 86), In the SSB/CW modes, the scanner will
slow down (but doesn’t stop).
„ To reverse the direction of the scan, turn either the
MAIN VFO Tuning Dial or the MEM/VFO CH
knob to the left (while scanning upward) or to the
right (while scanning downward).
… To exit the Scanning mode, press the [4(SCAN)]
key once more.
78
Notes: In the VFO mode, the scanning range will be
the entire HF spectrum of 100 Hz through 30
MHz. In the Memory mode, all channels not
“skipped” (see next page) will be scanned.
To stop the scan manually, press the
microphone’s [PTT] switch (or the keypad’s
[VFO/M] key).
The time period on which the scanner will pause
on an active channel may be adjusted via Menu
#26. See page 86 for details.
FT-847 OPERATING MANUAL
Scanning Operation
MEMORY CHANNEL “SKIP” FEATURE
There may be certain always-busy channels (such as a
weather forecast beacon station) which you may wish
to “skip” during scanning. Channels to be ignored by
the scanner will have “S K IP ” appear above the channel number.
• While operating in the Memory mode, press the
[MCK/W] key momentarily.
‚ Rotate the MEM/VFO CH knob to select the channel number to be skipped.
ƒ When the correct channel number is shown in the
memory channel field, press the [4(SCAN)] key
momentarily. The “S K IP ” icon will appear above
the channel number on the display.
„ Repeat steps ‚ and ƒ if you want to skip other
channels.
… Press the [MCK/W] key once more to exit to normal operation.
FT-847 OPERATING MANUAL
79
Programmable Memory Scan
The Programmable Memory Scan utilizes the “U ” and “L” memories to provide sub-bands within scanning can
take place. For example, on the 2-meter band, you may wish to limit FM scanning to 144.5 ~ 148 MHz, to avoid
encroachment on the SSB/CW sub-band between 144.0 and 144.5 MHz.
80
• Program the lower frequency limit of the sub-band
† To reverse the direction of the scan, turn either the
to be scanned into the “L” memory location, and
the upper sub-band limit into the “U” memory location.
For example, load 439.000 MHz into “L ” and
449.900 MHz into “U” per the procedures described
on page 70 for “Main Memory System” programming.
‚ Adjust the SQL (Squelch) control so that the background noise is just silenced.
ƒ Press the [6(PMS)] key to enter the Programmable
Memory Scan mode.
„ Now press the [4(SCAN)] key to initiate PMS scanning. The scanner will begin scanning in an upward direction, as though you were performing
VFO scanning; however, scanning will be restricted
to the frequency range established by the “L” and
“U” memories. The transceiver will “beep” when a
sub-band limit is reached.
… If the scanner encounters a signal strong enough to
open the squelch, the scanner will slow down (SSB/
CW modes) or halt and pause on that channel in
accordance with the “hold” time set via Menu #26
(FM/AM modes, see page 86).
MAIN VFO Tuning Dial or the MEM/VFO CH
knob to the left (while scanning upward) or to the
right (while scanning downward).
‡ To exit the PMS mode, press the [6(PMS)] key
once more.
Notes: The PMS system rounds off the “L” and “U ”
memory frequencies to the the next-lowest 100
kHz multiple for the purposes of establishing a
band edge. Therefore, if Memory “U” is set to
439.820 MHz, the Upper PMS band limit will
be 449.800 MHz. If the “L” memory is set to
439.080, the Lower PMS band limit will be
439.000 MHz.
For the purposes of PMS scanning, the operating mode and synthesizer steps programmed
into the frequency associated with the “L ”
memory slot will be utilized.
FT-847 OPERATING MANUAL
WeatherFax Monitoring
Monitoring of HF WeatherFax broadcasts is easily
accomplished using the FT-847.
• Before proceeding, be certain that the WeatherFax
demodulator is properly connected to the rear panel
DATA IN/OUT jack (only the “RX” ring and
ground contacts are required; the tip connector is
not used).
‚ Set the operating mode to USB by pushing the
[SSB] key, as needed.
ƒ Set the transceiver to the VFO mode (unless a
WeatherFax channel has been programmed into a
Memory channel). Now, using the keypad (or Main
Dial, in the Memory mode), select the operating
frequency of the station transmitting the
WeatherFax broadcast. Note that, in the USB mode,
the frequency you should program onto the display
is typically 1.90 kHz below the station’s “assigned”
frequency. Thus, for a WeatherFax station assigned
to 8.682.0 MHz, tune to 8.680.1 MHz.
„ When the WeatherFax broadcast begins, no further
operator intervention should be needed from the
transceiver standpoint. The audio level from the
DATA IN/OUT jack on the rear of the transceiver
is fixed, and cannot be adjusted. Fine adjustments
in the gray-scale and the frame alignment are accomplished using the computer and software connected to your WeatherFax demodulator.
FT-847 OPERATING MANUAL
81
Menu System
The FT-847’s Menu system allows customization of many aspects of transceiver performance by the owner. The
parameters adjusted via the Menu system are performance characteristics which do not require adjustment in “real
time” by the operators, but rather are “set-and-forget” parameters which optimize the transceiver’s setup configuration for the way you like to operate.
ACTIVATION
OF
MENU SYSTEM AND PARAMETER SETTING
The Menu system is easy to activate and set. Use the following procedure:
• Press the [MENU] key momentarily.
‚ Rotate the SUB-TUNE control to select the Menu
item # to be adjusted.
ƒ Rotate the MEM/VFO CH control to adjust or select the parameter to be changed on the Menu item
selected in step ‚ above.
„ After completing your selection and adjustment,
press the [MENU] key once more to exit the Menu
mode and return to normal operation.
Note: If you need to adjust more than one Menu item,
return to step ‚ after completing step ƒ above,
and repeat this process until you have adjusted
all desired Menu items. Then go to step „ to
exit the Menu mode.
82
FT-847 OPERATING MANUAL
Menu System
Menu System Selection Chart
M ENU #
1
M ENU I TEM DESCRIPTION
Display Dimmer Level
SELECTIONS
DEFAULT VALUE
0 (bright) ~ 7 (dim)
0
2
VFO Dial Step Size
0.1/1/10 Hz
1 Hz
3
VFO/Mem Ch Step Size (SSB/CW)
1/2.5/5 kHz
2.5 kHz
4
VFO/Mem Ch Step Size (AM)
2.5/5/9/10/12.5/25 kHz
5 kHz
5
VFO/Mem Ch Step Size (FM)
5/6.25/10/12.5/15/20/25 kHz
HF: 5 kHz,
V/UHF: Depends on
tran sceiver version
400 ~ 1100 Hz
700 Hz
3.0:1 ~ 4.4:1
3.0:1
6
CW Sidetone/BFO Pitch
7
CW Keyer Weight (Dash:Dot ratio)
8
CW Sidetone Level
9
CW Delay Time (Rx Recovery Time)
10
DSP CW Filter Bandwidth
11
DSP Noise Reduction Level
12
CTCSS Tone Frequency
13
DCS Code #
0 ~ 63
32
10 ~ 300 ms.
100 ms.
25/100/200/400 Hz
200 Hz
0 (min.) ~ 15 (max.)
7
39 Tones Available
88.5 Hz
104 DCS Codes
023
On
14
Auto Rptr Shift (144 MHz)
On/Off
15
Auto Rptr Shift (430 MHz)
On/Off
On
16
Rptr Shift Magnitude (29 MHz)
0 ~ 99.99 MHz
0.1 MHz (100 kHz)
17
Rptr Shift Magnitude (50 MHz)
0 ~ 99.99 MHz
1 MHz
18
Rptr Shift Magnitude (144 MHz)
0 ~ 99.99 MHz
600 kHz
19
Rptr Shift Magnitude (430 MHz)
0 ~ 99.99 MHz
5 MHz
20
SSB Monitor Audio Level
0 ~ 63
16
21
"Beep" Tone Pitch
440/880 Hz
880 Hz
22
"Beep" Tone Audio Level
23
FM Packet Baud Rate
24
Tx Mode Multimeter Readout
25
FM Mode Mic Gain
26
Scan-Resume Pause Time
27
[Lock] Switch Mode
28
50 MHz Antenna Port Selection
29
Rx Preamp Selection (144 MHz)
0 ~ 63
32
1200/9600 bps
1200 bps
PO/ALC
PO
Off/0 ~ 63
32
Off/3/5/10 Sec.
5 Sec.
Dial-Lock/Freq.-Lock
Dial-Lock
Sep/HF
Sep
Int/Ant
Int
30
RX Preamp Selection (430 MHz)
Int/Ant
Int
31
[Tuner] Switch Control Function
Tuner/ATAS-100
Tuner
32
Mic. Up/Dwn Sw. Control Function
(AutoScan) On/Off
On
33
CW Filter Activation
On/Off
Off
34
Satellite Mode TX Meter Function
Disc/PO/ALC
PO
35
Satellite Memory Alpha Labels
36
−
−
Satellite Auto-Memory Function
On/Off
Off
37
CAT Data-Transfer Baud Rate
4800/9600/57600 bps
4800 bps
38
Clear All Memories
−
−
39
Microprocessor Full Reset
−
−
40
Alaska Emergency Channel (5167 kHz)
(U.S.A. version only)
On/Off
Off
41
One-Way Cross-Band Repeater Mode
On/Off
Off
42
Menu Expansion (To #90 ~ 96)
On/Off
Off
90
TX DCS Code Inversion
Nor/Inv
Nor
91
RX DCS Code Inversion
Nor/Inv
Nor
92
TX Carrier Injection Point (USB)
− 100 ~ +150 Hz
0 Hz
93
Rx Carrier Injection Point (LSB)
− 100 ~ +150 Hz
0 Hz
94
Cloning Data Transfer Baud Rate
9600/57600 bps
9600 bps
95
Clone Mode "SEND"
−
−
96
Clone Mode "RECEIVE"
−
−
Note: Default setting may vary in different countries.
FT-847 OPERATING MANUAL
83
Menu System
MENU SELECTION DETAILS
1
[DIMMER]
Function:
Setting of the front panel display’s
illumination level.
Available Values: 0 (Bright) ~ 7 (Dim)
Default Setting: 0 (Brightest setting)
2
[MIN-FREQ]
Function:
Setting of the minimum synthesizer step size for the MAIN VFO
Tuning Dial.
Available Values: 0.1/1/10 Hz
Default Setting: 1 Hz
3
[SSB-CH]
Function:
Setting of the synthesizer steps in
the SSB mode when using the
MEM/VFO CH knob.
Available Values: 1.0/2.5/5.0 kHz
Default Setting: 2.5 kHz
The MEM/VFO CH knob is extremely useful for making quick frequency excursions. The 5 kHz setting may
be useful for situations when you ask a station to move
“5 kHz UP” for a contact, while the 1 kHz setting is
useful for precise tuning of SSB signals. This setting
may be performed individually on HF, 50 MHz, 144
MHz, and 430 MHz.
4
Setting of the synthesizer steps in
the AM mode when using the
MEM/VFO CH knob.
Available Values: 2.5/5.0/9.0/10.0/12.5/25.0 kHz
Default Setting: 5.0 kHz
The 9.0 kHz setting may be useful for channel-by-channel tuning of AM broadcast stations. This setting may
be performed individually on HF, 50 MHz, 144 MHz,
and 430 MHz.
[FM-CH]
Function:
Setting of the synthesizer steps in
the FM mode when using the
MEM/VFO CH knob.
Available Values: 5/6.25/10/12.5/15/20/25 kHz
Default Setting: HF: 5 kHz
VHF/UHF: Depends on transceiver version (U.S.A., European, etc.)
This setting may be performed individually on HF, 50
MHz, 144 MHz, and 430 MHz.
84
[CW-PITCH]
Function:
Setting of the pitch of the CW
sidetone, CW Spot, BFO offset,
and IF/DSP CW filter center frequencies.
Available Values: 400 ~ 1100 Hz
Default Setting: 700 Hz
The CW sidetone frequency corresponds to the tone
of your signal as heard by another station. Align the
other station’s tone pitch to be the same as your CW
sidetone pitch, using the “SPOT” feature, to “zero-beat”
to the other station. The CW Pitch alignment may be
performed in 50 Hz increments.
7
[WEIGHT]
Function:
Setting of the radio between CW
Dashes and Dots for the internal
electronic keyer.
Available Values: (Dot:Dash Ratio) 3.0:1 ~ 4.4:1
Default Setting: 3.0:1
[AM-CH]
Function:
5
6
8
[SIDETONE]
Function:
Setting the volume of the CW
Sidetone.
Available Values: 0 ~ 63 (arbitrary scale)
Default Setting: 32
This CW Sidetone Level adjustment is fixed via this
Menu item, and does not depend on the setting of the
AF (GAIN) control.
9
[CW-DELAY]
Function:
Setting the receiver recovery time
during pseudo-“VOX” CW semibreak-in operation.
Available Values: 10 ~ 300 ms.
Default Setting: 100 ms.
The recovery time may be adjusted in steps of 10 ms.
A longer delay may be preferable if you pause frequently while sending.
FT-847 OPERATING MANUAL
Menu System
MENU SELECTION DETAILS
10 [CW-BPF]
14 [VHF-ARS]
Function:
Function:
Setting the bandwidth for the DSP
CW audio filter.
Available Values: 25/100/200/400 Hz
Default Setting: 200 Hz
This selection determines the bandwidth of the DSP
CW Peaking Filter. The most narrow setting is highly
useful for very-weak-signal VHF/UHF CW work, such
as EME (see Appendix, page 102). Use 200 Hz or 400
Hz for everyday operation.
11 [DSP-NR]
Function:
Setting the degree of DSP Noise
Reduction.
Available Values: 0 ~ 15 (arbitrary scale)
Default Setting: 7
A higher setting provides more noise reduction, with
a slight loss of fidelity on the incoming signal.
12 [TONE-FRQ]
Function:
Setting the CTCSS Tone Frequency.
Available Values: 39 standard CTCSS Tones
(see chart below)
Default Setting: 88.5 Hz
The available tones are shown in the chart below.
CTCSS TON E FREQU ENCY (Hz)
67.0
69.3
71.9
74.4
77.0
79.7
82.5
85.4
88.5
91.5
94.8
97.4
100.0
103.5
107.2
110.9
114.8
118.8
123.0
127.3
131.8
136.5
141.3
146.2
151.4
156.7
162.2
167.9
173.8
179.9
186.2
192.8
203.5
210.7
218.1
225.7
233.6
241.8
250.3
-
13 [DCS-CODE]
Function:
Setting the DCS Code.
Available Values: 104 standard DCS Codes
(see chart below)
Default Setting: DCS Code #023
The available DCS codes are shown in the chart below.
DCS CODE
023 025 026 031 032 036 043 047 051 053 054 065 071
072 073 074 114 115 116 122 125 131 132 134 143 145
152 155 156 162 165 172 174 205 212 223 225 226 243
244 245 246 251 252 255 261 263 265 266 271 274 306
311 315 325 331 332 343 346 351 356 364 365 371 411
Activate/deactivate the Automatic
Repeater Shift when operating on
the 144 MHz band.
Available Values: ON/OFF
Default Setting: ON
The ARS feature is operational when using the MAIN
VFO Tuning Dial, MEM/VFO CH knob, or the scanning switches on the microphone; it does not function
when tuning via the SUB-TUNE knob.
15 [UHF-ARS]
Function:
Activate/deactivate the Automatic
Repeater Shift when operating on
the 430 MHz band.
Available Values: ON/OFF
Default Setting: ON
The ARS feature is operational when using the MAIN
VFO Tuning Dial, MEM/VFO CH knob, or the scanning switches on the microphone; it does not function
when tuning via the SUB-TUNE knob.
16 [28M-RPT]
Function:
Set the magnitude of the Repeater
Shift to be utilized when operating on the 28 MHz band.
Available Values: 0.00 ~ 99.99 MHz
Default Setting: 0.10 MHz (100 kHz)
Any attempt to set a shift greater than 1.7 MHz will
result in an “ERROR” message when you transmit, as
the resulting transmit frequency would be outside the
amateur band.
17 [50M-RPT]
Function:
Set the magnitude of the Repeater
Shift to be utilized when operating on the 50 MHz band.
Available Values: 0.00 ~ 99.99 MHz
Default Setting: 1.00 MHz
Any attempt to set a shift greater than 4 MHz will result in an “ERROR” message when you transmit, as the
resulting transmit frequency would be outside the
amateur band.
Downloaded by
Amateur Radio Directory
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412 413 423 431 432 445 446 452 454 455 462 464 465
466 503 506 516 523 526 532 546 565 606 612 624 627
631 632 654 662 664 703 712 723 731 732 734 743 754
FT-847 OPERATING MANUAL
85
Menu System
MENU SELECTION DETAILS
18 [VHF-RPT]
23 [PKT RATE]
Function:
Function:
Set the magnitude of the Repeater
Shift to be utilized when operating on the 144 MHz band.
Available Values: 0.00 ~ 99.99 MHz
Default Setting: 0.60 MHz (600 kHz)
Any attempt to set a shift greater than 4 MHz will result in an “ERROR” message when you transmit, as the
resulting transmit frequency would be outside the
amateur band.
19 [UHF-RPT]
Function:
Set the magnitude of the Repeater
Shift to be utilized when operating on the 430 MHz band.
Available Values: 0.00 ~ 99.99 MHz
Default Setting: 5.00 MHz
Any attempt to set a shift greater than 20 MHz will
result in an “ERROR” message when you transmit, as
the resulting transmit frequency would be outside the
amateur band.
20 [MONI-VOL]
Function:
Set the audio level for the SSB
Monitor.
Available Values: 0 ~ 63 (arbitrary scale)
Default Setting: 16
The Monitor Level setting is established via this Menu
item, and does not depend on the setting of the AF
(GAIN) control.
21 [BEEP-FRQ]
Set the frequency of the “Beep”
tone which sounds when a front
panel key is pressed.
Available Values: 440/880 Hz
Default Setting: 880 Hz
Set the transceiver’s circuitry for
the Packet baud rate to be used.
Available Values: 1200/9600 bps
Default Setting: 1200 bps
The rear-panel PKT jack’s connections are optimized
for the different bandwidth, level, and impedance values typically utilized on 1200 bps and 9600 bps. This
Menu selection instructs the microprocessor as to
which connections to utilize.
24 [TX-MTR]
Function:
Set the function for the transmitmode meter indication.
Available Values: PO: Indication of Power Output
ALC: Indication of ALC voltage
Default Setting: PO
The ALC meter indication includes the transceiver’s
ALC plus any external ALC voltage which may be
fed to the FT-847 from an external linear amplifier.
25 [FM P-SET]
Function:
Set the Mic Gain level for the FM
mode.
Available Values: OFF or 0 ~ 63 (arbitrary scale)
Default Setting: 32
The OFF setting selects control of the FM Microphone
Gain via the front-panel MIC (GAIN) control. Manual
adjustment is also possible via the 0 ~ 63 arbitrary
scale; use a Deviation Meter to establish the proper
level.
Function:
22 [BEEP-VOL]
Function:
Set the audio level of the “Beep”
tone which sounds when a front
panel key is pressed.
Available Values: 0 ~ 63 (arbitrary scale)
Default Setting: 32
The Beep Level setting is fixed via this Menu item,
and does not depend on the setting of the AF (GAIN)
control.
86
26 [RESUME]
Function:
Set the Scan-Resume mode and
time delay.
Available Values: OFF/3/5/10 seconds
Default Setting: 5 seconds
In the OFF position, scanning will resume after the other
station stops transmitting (carrier drops). In the other
settings, the scanner will resume scanning after a fixed
interval set through this Menu item, whether or not
the other station is still transmitting.
FT-847 OPERATING MANUAL
Menu System
MENU SELECTION DETAILS
27 [LOCK]
29 [VHF-AMP]
Function:
Function:
Set the [LOCK] key’s lockdown
coverage on the front panel.
Available Values: DIAL: The MAIN VFO Tuning
Dial, SUB-TUNE knob and
the SHUTTLE JOGTM ring
are locked out
FRE: The controls shown below
are locked out.
Default Setting: DIAL
28 [50M-ANT]
Function:
Set the routing of TX/RX signals
when operating on the 50 MHz
band.
Available Values: SEP: 50 MHz RF is routed to the
50 MHZ Antenna port
HF: 50 MHz RF is routed to the
HF Antenna port
Default Setting: SEP
When using the optional ATAS-100 Antenna, the optional FC-20 Automatic Antenna Tuner, or an antenna
providing both HF and 50 MHz coverage, the “HF”
selection should be utilized. Otherwise, for completely
separate 50 MHz antenna use, the (default) “SEP” selection should be used.
FT-847 OPERATING MANUAL
Select the preamplifier to be used
when operating on 144 MHz.
Available Values: INT: The internal RF preamplifier will be used, with ON/
OFF control provided via the
front panel’s [RF AMP]
switch.
ANT: The internal RF preamplifier is disabled, and 12 VDC
at 300 mA (maximum) will
be sent via the 144 MH Z
Antenna port for powering
an external preamplifier.
Default Setting: INT
If you desire to use both the internal preamplifier and
a tower-mounted preamplifier, select the “INT” setting,
then provide power to your tower-mounted preamplifier via a separate power cable.
30 [UHF-AMP]
Function:
Select the preamplifier to be used
when operating on 430 MHz.
Available Values: INT: The internal RF preamplifier will be used, with ON/
OFF control provided via the
front panel’s [RF AMP]
switch.
ANT: The internal RF preamplifier is disabled, and 12 VDC
at 300 mA (maximum) will
be sent via the 430 MH Z
Antenna port for powering
an external preamplifier.
Default Setting: INT
If you desire to use both the internal preamplifier and
a tower-mounted preamplifier, select the “INT” setting,
then provide power to your tower-mounted preamplifier via a separate power cable.
87
Menu System
MENU SELECTION DETAILS
31 [TUNER]
34 [SAT-MTR]
Function:
Function:
Select the device (FC-20 or
ATAS-100) to be controlled via
the front panel’s [TUNER] switch.
Available Values: TUNER:
The [TUNER] key
will activate the optional FC-20.
ATAS-100:The [TUNER] key
will activate the optional ATAS-100 Active-Tuning Antenna
System.
Default Setting: TUNER
32 [MIC SCAN]
Function:
Activate/deactivate the AutoScan
function of the microphone.
Available Values: ON: Pressing and holding in the
microphone’s [ UP ] or
[DWN] key for ½ second
will cause automatic scanning to begin.
OFF: The scanner will scan only
while [UP] or [DWN] key
is held down (the scanner
will halt if you release the
key).
Default Setting: ON
33 [CW-N FIL]
Function:
Enable the CW signal path via the
optional YF-115C slot.
Available Values: ON/OFF
Default Setting: OFF
When the optional YF-115C CW Collins® Mechanical Filter is installed, the microprocessor must be instructed to route the signal path via the YF-115C, instead of via the SSB filter. Use this Menu selection to
do so. If the YF-115C is not installed, but Menu #33
is set to On, no signals will be heard when the [NAR]
key is pressed in the CW mode! Conversely, if the YF115C is installed, but Menu #33 is set to Off, the
[NAR] key will not respond when you push it.
Set mode of the meter’s lower scale
(below S-meter) during Satellite
operation.
Available Values: DISC: Display of Discriminator
centering (of incoming signal) for frequency adjustment purposes.
PO: Display of transmitter
Power Output.
ALC: Display of transmitter ALC
voltage.
Default Setting: PO
The DISC setting is helpful in making frequency adjustments (due to Doppler Shift, etc.) when the downlink signal from a satellite utilizes the FM mode.
35 [SAT TAG]
Function:
Store Alpha-Numeric “Tags” for
the Satellite Memories.
Up to 8 characters may be stored,
for the purpose of labeling the Satellite Memories for easier transponder-mode identification. The
storage procedure is shown next
page.
36 [AUTO-MEM]
Function:
Activate/deactivate the Satellite
Automatic Memory feature.
Available Values: ON/OFF
Default Setting: OFF
This selection ensures that Satellite-mode frequency
data is preserved when using that mode for the first
time (before “memorizing” any data), or immediately
following a microprocessor reset procedure.
37 [CAT RATE]
Function:
Set the data transfer rate during
CAT (Computer Aided Transceiver) control operation.
Available Values: 4800/9600/57600 bps
Default Setting: 4800 bps
38 [MEM CLR]
Function:
Clear all memories.
While in this Menu selection, pressing the [MCK/W]
key causes all Memories to be cleared, but any custom Menu settings you have programmed will not be
affected.
88
FT-847 OPERATING MANUAL
Menu System
MENU SELECTION DETAILS
39 [ALL INIT]
41 [X RPT]
Function:
Function:
Reset microprocessor, restoring all
factory defaults.
While in this Menu selection, pressing the [MCK/W]
key causes all Memories and Menu selections to be
returned to their default factory settings.
40 [5167KHZ] (U.S.A. version only)
Enable TX /R X operation on the
Alaska Emergency Channel,
5167.5 kHz.
Available Values: ON/OFF
Default Setting: OFF
When this Menu selection is set to ON, the spot frequency of 5167.5 kHz will be enabled. To get to this
frequency, use the [7(q) BAND] or [8(p) BAND]
keys to navigate; the Alaska Emergency Channel will
be found between the 3.5 MHz and 7 MHz bands as
you press the above-mentioned [BAND] keys. See
page 59 for details.
Activate/Deactivate Cross-Band
Repeat mode.
Available Values: ON/OFF
Default Setting: OFF
Be certain that the desired transmit and receive frequencies have been set, and that the Squelch is closed
(“BUSY” should not be visible on the LCD), before initiating the Cross-Band Repeat mode.
Function:
Note: Use of this frequency is restricted to amateurs
operating in (or within 92.6 km of) the U.S. State
of Alaska, and it is to be used for emergency
communications only (involving the immediate
protection of life or property).
90 [DCS-DEC]
Function:
Select “Normal” or “Inverted”
DCS coding on Receive (Decoder).
Available Values: NOR/IN
Default Setting: NOR
Keep this selection set to “NOR” unless you are certain that the other station(s) will be using “Inverted”
DCS coding.
91 [DCS-ENC]
Function:
Select “Normal” or “Inverted”
DCS coding on Transmit (Encoder).
Available Values: NOR/IN
Default Setting: NOR
Keep this selection set to “NOR” unless you are certain that the other station(s) will be using “Inverted”
DCS coding.
Satellite Memory Alpha-Numeric Tag Programming
• After selecting Menu #35, press the [MCK-W] key
momentarily.
‚ Rotate the MEM/VFO CH knob to select the Satellite
Memory to which an Alpha-Numeric Tag is to be appended.
ƒ Rotate the SUB-TUNE knob to select the first character of the Tag.
„ Rotate the MEM/VFO CH knob clockwise one click
to select the next letter/number position.
… Repeat steps ‚ and ƒ as needed to fill out the Alpha-Numeric Tag contents. In the above example, the
Tag shows “OSCAR10B” for “Oscar 10, Mode B.”
Press
the [MCK-W] key momentarily when entry of
†
the Alpha Tag is completed.
‡ Press the [MENU] key to exit the Menu mode.
FT-847 OPERATING MANUAL
89
Menu System
MENU SELECTION DETAILS
92 [USB-CAR]
94 [CLN RATE]
Function:
Function:
Adjust TX USB carrier injection
point.
Available Values: −10 ~ 15 (x 10) Hz
(i.e. −100 ~ 150 Hz)
Default Setting: 0 Hz
Analogous to “IF Shift” on receive, the TX Carrier
Point adjustment allows you to shift the IF passband
so as to roll off excessive bass or treble frequencies,
depending on your voice pattern, microphone frequency response, etc. The TX Carrier Point may be
adjusted in steps of 10 Hz.
93 [LSB-CAR]
Function:
Adjust TX LSB carrier injection
point.
Available Values: −10 ~ 15 (x 10) Hz
(i.e. −100 ~ 150 Hz)
Default Setting: 0 Hz
Analogous to “IF Shift” on receive, the TX Carrier
Point adjustment allows you to shift the IF passband
so as to roll off excessive bass or treble frequencies,
depending on your voice pattern, microphone frequency response, etc. The TX Carrier Point may be
adjusted in steps of 10 Hz.
Set the data transfer rate to be used
during cloning.
Available Values: 9600/57600 bps
Default Setting: 9600 bps
Both radios used in the cloning process must be set to
the same baud rate.
95 [SEND CLN]
Function:
Transmit cloning data to another
FT-847.
When this Menu selection is active, pressing the
[MCK/W] key causes cloning data to be sent to another FT-847.
96 [RCV CLN]
Function:
Receive cloning data from another
FT-847.
When this Menu selection is active, pressing the
[MCK/W] key places the FT-847 in the “Clone Data
Receive” mode, ready to accept the transfer of cloning data from another FT-847.
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90
FT-847 OPERATING MANUAL
CAT (COMPUTER AIDED TRANSCEIVER) SYSTEM PROGRAMMING
The FT-847’s CAT System allows the transceiver to
be controlled by a personal computer. This allows
multiple control operations to be fully automated as a
single mouse click, or it allows a third-party software
package (such as contest logging software) to communicate with the FT-847 without (redundant) operator intervention.
The FT-847 has a built-in level converter, allowing
direct connection from the rear panel CAT jack to
the serial port of your computer, without the need for
an external RS-232C level converter box.
You will need a serial cable for connection to the (RS232C) COM port of your computer. Purchase or construct a “null modem” type serial cable (not a “straight”
type), ensuring it has the correct gender and number
of pins for connection to your system. Note that this
cable is different from the type utilized on earlier Yaesu
CAT System transceivers.
Yaesu Musen does not produce CAT System operating software, due to the wide variety of personal computers, operating systems, and applications in use today. However, the FT-847 (and other Yaesu products)
are widely supported by third-party software packages,
and we recommend that you contact your dealer for
advice, or check advertisements in amateur radio journals. Most software vendors also have Home Pages
on the World Wide Web which contain a wealth of
information on the features and radio support for their
software packages.
The information presented in this section will allow
the programmer to understand the command structure
and opcodes used in the FT-847’s CAT System.
Important Notice!
It is not possible to engage the CAT System
when the FC-20 Automatic Antenna Tuner is
in use.
Please disconnect the FC-20 Control Cable
from the TUNER jack on the rear panel of the
FT-847 prior to commencing CAT System control of the FT-847.
FT-847 OPERATING MANUAL
91
CAT (COMPUTER AIDED TRANSCEIVER) SYSTEM PROGRAMMING
Opcode Command Chart
Comand Titel
Parameters
Opcode
Comments
CAT ON/O FF
※
※
※
※
P1
P1=00: CAT O N
P1=80: CAT O FF
PTT ON/O FF
※
※
※
※
P1
P1=08: PTT O N (TX)
P1=88: PTT O FF (RX)
Satellite ON/O FF
※
※
※
※
P1
P1=4E: Satellite Mode ON
P1=8E: Satellite Mode OFF
P1
①∼④ Frequency Digits:
43, 21, 00, 00 = 432.1000 MHz
P1=01: Set to MAIN VFO
P1=11: Set to SAT RX VFO
P1=21: Set to SAT TX VFO
P1
D1=00: LSB, D1=01: USB, D1=02: CW, D1=03: CW-R, D1=04: AM,
D1=08: FM, D1=82: CW(N), D1=83: CW-R(N), D1=84: AM(N),
D1=88: FM(N)
P1=07: Set to MAIN VFO
P1=17: Set to SAT RX VFO
P1=27: Set to SAT TX VFO
P1
D1=0A: DCS ON
D1=2A: CTCSS ENC/DEC O N
D1=4A: CTCSS ENC O N
D1=8A: CTCSS/DCS OFF
P1=0A: Set to MAIN VFO
P1=1A: Set to SAT RX VFO
P1=2A: Set to SAT TX VFO
P1
D1=00h∼3Fh
(Tone Frequencies per chart on page ??)
P1=0B: Set to MAIN VFO
P1=1B: Set to SAT RX VFO
P1=2B: Set to SAT TX VFO
Set Frequency
Operating Mode
CTCSS/DCS Mode
CTCSS Frequency
①
D1
D1
D1
②
※
※
※
③
※
※
※
④
※
※
※
DCS Code
①
②
※
※
P1
①, ② from the DCS Code # (i.e. 07, 54=DCS Code 754)
P1=0C: Set to MAIN VFO
P1=1C: Set to SAT RX VFO
P1=2C: Set to SAT TX VFO
Repeater Shift
D1
※
※
※
09
D1=09: "Minus" Shift
D1=49: "Plus" Shift
D1=89: Simplex
Repeater Offset
①
②
③
④
F9
①∼④ set the Repeater Shift:
00, 50, 00, 00 = 5MHz Shift
Receiver Status
※
※
※
※
E7
S-Meter, Squelch, etc. (Note 1)
Transmit Status
※
※
※
※
F7
PO Meter, PTT, etc. (Note 2)
Frequency & Mode Status
※
※
※
※
P1
P1=03: Read MAIN VFO Frequency & Mode Status
P1=13: Read SAT RX VFO Frequency & Mode Status
P1=23: Read SAT TX VFO Frequency & Mode Status (Note 3)
Note 1: Receiver Status
Note 3: Frequency & Mode Status
Note 2: Transmit Status
92
FT-847 OPERATING MANUAL
CAT (COMPUTER AIDED TRANSCEIVER) SYSTEM PROGRAMMING
CAT Data Protocol
Serial data is passed via the CAT jack on the rear
panel at a transfer rate set via Menu #37 (4800, 9600,
or 57600 bps). While data is being transferred, the
CAT icon on the LCD will appear momentarily, disappearing when the data flow is terminated.
All commands sent from the computer to the transceiver consist of five-byte blocks, with up to 200 ms
between each byte. The last byte in each block is the
instruction opcode, while the first four bytes of each
block are arguments (either parameters for that instruction, or dummy values required to pad the block out to
five bytes). Each byte consists of 1 start bit, 8 data
bits, no parity bit, and two stop bits.
Start
B it
0
1
2
CAT
Command
Data
L.S.D.
Parameter
1
3
4
5
6
7
S top S top
B it
B it
DATA BYTE FORMAT
Parameter
2
Parameter
3
Parameter
4
M.S.D.
C OMMAND
CAT 5-BYTE COMMAND STRUCTURE
There are 25 instruction opcodes for the FT-847, listed
in the chart on previous page. Many of these opcodes
are On/Off toggle commands for the same action (e.g.
“PTT On” and “PTT Off”).Most of these commands
require some parameter or parameters to be set. Irrespective of the the number of parameters present, every Command Block sent must consist of five bytes.
Accordingly, any CAT control program must construct
the five-byte block by selecting the appropriate instruction opcode, organizing the parameters as needed, and
providing unused “dummy” argument bytes to pad the
block to its required five-byte length (the dummy bytes
can contain any value). The resulting five bytes are
then sent, opcode last, from the computer to the FT847 CPU via the computer’s serial port and the
transceiver’s CAT jack.
All CAT data values are hexadecimal.
Note that, unlike most other Yaesu transceivers, the
FT-847 serial data cable is a “null modem” (“crossed”)
type, not a “straight” serial data cable.
FT-847 OPERATING MANUAL
Constructing and Sending
CAT Commands
Example #1:
Set the Main VFO frequency to 439.70 MHz
r Per the CAT command table, the opcode for
“S ET F REQUENCY TO MAIN BAND” is 01 (set by
the “P1” command byte). Placing the opcode
into the 5th data bit position, we then enter the
frequency into the first four data bit positions:
Send these five bytes to the transceiver, in the
order shown above.
Example #2:
Turn the “SATELLITE” Mode “ON”
r Per the CAT command table, the opcode for “SET
S ATELLITE MODE ON” is 4E (hex). Placing the
opcode into the 5th data bit position, we then
enter dummy values into all other parameter locations:
Send these five bytes to the transceiver, in the
order shown above.
CTCSS Tone Data
Freq.
(Hz)
D1
Freq.
(Hz)
D1
Freq.
(Hz)
D1
Freq.
(Hz)
D1
67.0
3F
94.8
1D
131.8
09
186.2
04
69.3
39
97.4
3A
136.5
18
192.8
13
71.9
1F
100.0
0D
141.3
08
203.5
03
74.4
3E
103.5
1C
146.2
17
210.7
12
77.0
0F
107.2
0C
151.4
07
218.1
02
79.7
3D
110.9
1B
156.7
16
225.7
11
82.5
1E
114.8
0B
162.2
06
233.6
01
85.4
3C
118.8
1A
167.9
15
241.8
10
88.5
0E
123.0
0A
173.8
05
250.3
00
91.5
3B
127.3
19
179.9
14
−
−
93
Transceiver-to-Transceiver Cloning
The Menu system provides for cloning of all frequency
and memory information from one FT-847 to another.
The data format is only compatible with other FT-847
transceivers.
Cloning of frequency and memory data may be helpful when outfitting a group of transceivers for a DXpedition or a club activity, so as to ensure that all transceivers are configured identically. The Cloning procedure helps minimize the time required to do this.
To Clone frequency and memory data from one FT847 to another, use the following procedure:
• Connect a “null modem” (“crossed”) serial data
cable between the CAT jacks of the transceivers
between which data is to be transferred.
‚ Use Menu #94 (“CLN RATE”) to set an identical
data speed for both transceivers (either 9600 or
57600 bps).
94
ƒ On the transceiver which will receive the Cloning
data, activate Menu #97 (“RCV CLN ”) by pressing
the [MCK/W] key momentarily after selecting
Menu #97.
„ On the transceiver which will transmit the Cloning
data, activate data transfer by selecting Menu #96
(“SEND CLN ”), then pressing the [MCK/W] key
momentarily.
… After data transfer is complete, the displays of both
transceivers will appear the same. You may now
disconnect the serial data cable and resume normal
operation.
† If the diagnostic messages “RCV ERR” (receive error) or “SEND ERR” (sending error) appear, check
to be certain that the serial data cable is of the correct type (see step • above), check the Cloning
Speed setting of Menu #94 (per step ‚ above),
and try again.
FT-847 OPERATING MANUAL
Installation of Optional Accessories
INSTALLATION OF OPTIONAL FILTERS YF-112S-02/YF-115C
• Remove the carrying handle and bottom case of
the transceiver (see Figure 1). Be sure to remove
the screw affixed to the rear panel.
‚ Refer to Figure 2, and locate the mounting positions for the CW (YF-115C) and/or SSB (YF112S-02) filters on the MAIN Unit.
ƒ Push the optional filter board(s) onto the pins corresponding to the assigned mounting location on
the radio. Gently press the board(s) down until the
pins are firmly seated in the connectors.
„ Replace the bottom case of the transceiver.
… Turn the transceiver on, and enter the Menu mode.
Per the details on page 88, change the setting of
Menu #33 to “ON” if installing the YF-115C CW
filter.
Figure 1
Figure 2
Notes Regarding SSB Filters
Because the FT-847is required to transmit and receive simultaneously during Satellite operation, two optional filter slots are provided for the installation of optional Collins® Mechanical Filters for SSB.
Whether or not you are operating in the Satellite (full duplex) mode, the “RX” filter is always used on
Receive, and the “TX” filter is always used on Transmit. As shipped from the factory, compact Ceramic
filters are installed in both SSB filter locations.
The information below will describe the benefits gained by optional filter installation in each location:
Installation in “TX”Location
Utilization of a Collins® Mechanical Filter on the Transmit side provides a very flat, natural-sounding
frequency response which has negligible ripple. The Collins® Filter will yield very faithful reproduction of
your voice’s tonal response. For sending of PSK and other data, the low group delay characteristics provide
very high through-put.
Installation in “RX” Location
Compared to the stock Ceramic Filter, the Collins® Mechanical Filter provides deeper suppression of annoying interference to the side of your current frequency, although the bandwidths of the two filters (at -6
dB) are approximately the same.
FT-847 OPERATING MANUAL
95
Installation of Optional Accessories
INSTALLATION OF OPTIONAL VOICE SYNTHESIZER UNIT FVS-1A
• Remove the two screws in the carrying handle and
the six screws affixing the covers (see Figure 3).
‚ Refer to Figure 4, remove the two front panel
mounting screws and loosen the two front panel
mounting screws, then fold the front panel down.
ƒ Inside the front panel, locate the unconnected 10pin jack, and connect the FVS-1A here (see Figure
5).
„ Set the JApanese/ENglish switch on the FVS-1A
to the desired position, and then affix the FVS-1A
board into place using the double-sided adhesive
tape on the flat surface of the FVS-1A IC.
… Fold the front panel back into place, and replace
the covers and carrying handle.
Figure 3
Figure 4
Figure 5
96
FT-847 OPERATING MANUAL
CPU Resetting & Memory Backup
The FT-847’s memory data is maintained, even when
DC power is turned off, via a lithium backup battery
with an estimated lifetime of approximately five years.
No data essential to the fundamental operation of the
radio is stored in “volatile” memory, so when the
battery’s voltage ultimately is exhausted the transceiver
will not be disabled; you will just observe that your
memories have disappeared.
In some cases of erratic operation, it may be advisable
to reset the microprocessor to its factory default condition, so as to determine whether or not a part failure
has caused improper action, as opposed to some operational error.
This section describes the procedures to be used for
these situations.
FT-847 OPERATING MANUAL
MICROPROCESSOR RESET PROCEDURES
If you wish to reset the FT-847’s microprocessor to its
original factory default settings (all memories and customized Menu settings will be lost), use the following procedure:
• Press the [MENU] button to activate the Menu
mode of operation.
‚ Rotate the SUB-TUNE knob to select Menu #39
(“ALL INIT ”).
ƒ Press the [MCK/W] key.
„ Press the [MENU] key to exit the Menu mode.
If you only want to clear the Memory registers, use
the above procedure, but select Menu #38 (“M E M
CLR”) in step ‚ above.
97
In Case of Trouble . . .
The suggestions below may help you recover from commonly-encountered operational difficulties.
TRANSCEIVER W ILL NOT TURN ON:
CANNOT TRANSMIT:
¦ Be sure your power supply is turned on.
¦ If power supply does not turn on, check power supply fuse(s).
¦ Check connections from DC power supply to ensure both ends of cable are securely connected.
¦ Check condition of fuses in DC cable.
¦ Check for poor mechanical connection at fuse holders in DC cable.
¦ Check to ensure that coaxial cable is connected to
correct ANTENNA jack.
¦ On 50 MHz, ensure that coaxial cable is connected
to the same jack as set by Menu #28 (“SEP” = “50
MHz ANT” jack; “HF” = “HF ANT” jack).
¦ Check operating mode, especially during “Split”
or Satellite operation. Be sure that the “TX” VFO’s
operating mode is properly set.
¦ Check to ensure that the operating frequency is
within an amateur band (if you see an “ERROR ”
message).
¦ Check to ensure that any FM repeater shift is not
causing transceiver to attempt to transmit outside
an amateur band (if you see an “ERROR” message).
NO AUDIO OUTPUT IS BEING HEARD:
¦ Check position of AF (GAIN) control to be sure it is
not fully counter-clockwise.
¦ Rotate SQL (SQUELCH) control fully counter-clockwise to ensure that audio is not being muted by
normal SQUELCH operation.
¦ If on FM mode, check to see if the “DEC” or “DCS”
icons are visible on the LCD, indicating that the
CTCSS Decoder or DCS are On (thus muting audio). Press [3 (TONE)] repeatedly until these icons
disappear.
¦ Check to see if an improper cable is connected to
the PHONE or EXT SP jack.
¦ Check to see if the [MOX], microphone [PTT], or
desk microphone [TX/STBY] switch is closed (the
“TX” icon will be visible on the LCD if this is the
case).
SIGNALS APPEAR ON S-METER,
BUT POOR/LOW AUDIO:
¦ Check to see if the DSP LOW CUT or HIGH CUT
controls are improperly positioned. Switch DSP Off
to confirm.
¦ Check IF Shift control to be sure it is not fully clockwise or counter-clockwise.
¦ Check operating mode, especially during Satellite
operation. SSB, CW, and/or FM modes can easily
become reversed.
¦ IF FM signals sound distorted, be certain you are
not accidentally receiving in the AM mode.
¦ If YF-115C CW filter is installed, but bandwidth
is too wide, check Menu #33 to ensure that the CW
filter’s Menu setting is “On.”
¦ If operating on CW, be certain that the DSP’s Notch
filter is Off ([D. NOTCH] key).
[NAR] KEY DOES NOT RESPOND
(CW MODE):
¦ Set Menu #33 to the “On” position.
98
GENERAL TRANSMITTER DIFFICULTIES:
SSB/AM Modes
¦ Check setting of MIC (GAIN) control, to be sure it
is not fully counter-clockwise.
¦ Check position of RF PWR control, to be sure it is
not fully counter-clockwise.
¦ Check operation of MOX or PTT switch to ensure
that the “TX” icon is appearing. See previous suggestions, if not.
¦ Check settings of Menu #92 (USB) and/or Menu
#93 (LSB) if you receive reports of excessively high
or low tonal pitch on your voice. Reset to “0” to
test.
¦ If using an external computer-generated “Voice
Keyer” device, ensure that both “TX Audio” and
“PTT” cables are connected (because the FT-847
does not have “VOX” circuitry).
¦ If using MD-100A8X or MD-1C8 Desk Microphone,
ensure that the coiled cord is connected to the
transceiver’s front panel MIC jack, and that the
(short) straight cable is connected to the microphone tube.
CW Mode
¦ Check setting of RF PWR control, to ensure that
it is not fully counter-clockwise.
¦ If using external electronic keyer, ensure that keying cable is connected to “Positive” (“+”) jack on
external device (not “Negative” or “Grid Block”).
¦ If continuous “Key-down” tone is present, check
to ensure that KEY plug in use is 3-conductor (“Stereo”) type, not 2-conductor.
¦ If using computer-driven keying interface, ensure
that proper computer port (COM or LPT) and any
required “TSR” programs are enabled.
¦ If using a computer-driven keying interface, ensure
that keying cable is connected to correct port (COM
or LPT).
FT-847 OPERATING MANUAL
In Case of Trouble . . .
¦ If using external keyer/computer-driven keying interface and odd characters are being sent, check to
ensure that FT-847’s internal KEYER is not On.
¦ If receiver recovery time is too fast or too slow,
adjust setting of Menu #9.
MEMORY CHANNELS CANNOT BE RECALLED:
FM Mode
BLANK DISPLAY OR
ERRATIC MICROPROCESSOR FUNCTION:
¦ Check setting of FM MIC GAIN per Menu #25.
¦ Check operation of MOX or PTT switch to ensure
that the “TX” icon is appearing. See previous suggestions, if not.
¦ Check setting of RF PWR control to ensure that it
is not fully counter-clockwise.
¦ If repeater cannot be accessed, ensure that any required CTCSS Encoder Tone or DCS code is properly set. Contact repeater administrator or repeater
information directory if tone data is not known.
¦ If you are reported to be slightly “off frequency,”
check to ensure that frequency is properly set
(change synthesizer channel step per page 34 if
proper frequency cannot be set using MEM/VFO
CH knob).
¦ If no repeater shift takes place, check settings of
Menu #16 (29 MHz), #17 (50 MHz), #18 (144
MHz), or #19 (430 MHz).
¦ If no Automatic Repeater Shift, check settings of
Menu #14 (144 MHz) or #15 (430 MHz).
DATA Modes
¦ Check position of BACKUP switch (see page 95)
to ensure it is On.
¦ Check condition of Backup Battery. Voltage should
be over 3V DC.
¦ Reset microprocessor using Menu #39 (see page
89).
¦ If front panel switches do not respond, ensure that
[LOCK] switch has not been pushed.
CAT DATA TRANSFER PROBLEMS:
¦ Ensure that the serial data cable is a “null modem”
type, not a “straight” serial cable.
¦ Ensure that the software and computer COM port
settings are the same as the setting of Menu #37
(CAT System baud Rate): 4800, 9600, or 57600
bps.
¦ Ensure that any contest or logging software used
supports the FT-847, and that the “Radio Control”
protocol is enabled on the software.
TOO MANY QSL CARDS ARE
BEING RECEIVED:
¦ Condition normal. Thank you for choosing the FT847!
¦ Check setting of RF PWR control to ensure that it
is not fully counter-clockwise.
¦ On RTTY, ensure that you do not have TNC’s
“FSK” keying output (closure to ground to shift)
connected to FT-847’s (AFSK) “DATA IN” input pin
(Tip of DATA IN/OUT jack).
¦ Ensure that PTT line is properly connected to FT847 rear-panel DATA IN/OUT or PKT jack (as appropriate).
¦ Ensure that “TX AUDIO” output level from TNC is
properly set.
¦ On FM Packet, ensure that the Baud Rate is properly set via Menu #23.
¦ On multiple-tone (SSB) Data modes, ensure that
all tones fall within IF passband. Adjust Menu #92
(USB) or #93 (LSB) if not.
CANNOT SCAN:
¦ Be certain that Squelch is closed (“B U S Y ” icon
must not be present on LCD).
¦ If using MD-1 C8 or MD-100 A8X Desk Microphones, be certain that coiled cord from microphone
base is connected to the transceiver (not the short,
straight cable).
FT-847 OPERATING MANUAL
99
Appendix
EME (EARTH-MOON-EARTH) OPERATION
Perhaps the ultimate challenge in amateur radio is communication achieved by bouncing signals off our
planet’s moon. Moonbounce or “EME” communication was, for many years, an activity pursued only by
a few dedicated engineers. Today, however, the very
large antenna arrays used by some EME specialists
throughout the world have made it possible for amateur operators with very modest antennas − one or two
Yagis on 144 MHz, two or four Yagis on 432 MHz −
to complete EME contacts while running small “brick”
solid state amplifiers in the 100W ~ 300W range. More
power and (especially) more antennas will improve
your results, of course, but two 13~17 element 144
MHz Yagis and 150 Watts will provide enough system
performance to allow you to work the biggest stations
via the moon under favorable conditions.
EME operation shares certain characteristics of both
terrestrial weak signal work and satellite work (the
moon is, of course, a “passive” satellite of earth).
These characteristics are:
¦ As with long-distance tropospheric DX, signals will
be weak, so it may be advantageous to utilize a mastmounted preamplifier, so as to optimize system
Noise Figure (by placing the low-noise preamplifier gain ahead of the losses in your coaxial cable).
¦ As with “active satellite” work, the operator must
account for Doppler shift of the operating frequency.
¦ The position of the moon is constantly (though
slowly) changing, so the ability to rotate your antennas in azimuth and elevate them above the horizon is important. Above about 15º elevation, terrestrial noise (especially on 144 MHz) is significantly reduced, making it easier to hear weak EME
signals. See your Yaesu Dealer for details regarding Yaesu’s G-5500 Azimuth-Elevation Rotator.
EME activity tends to concentrate on weekends near
moon perigee (the point of closest approach of the
moon to earth, usually around “full moon”). Details
regarding EME operation can be found in monthly
amateur magazines, as well as in books on VHF communication which are available from your dealer. There
are also many sources of EME information and advice available via The Internet.
100
OPERATING TUTORIAL
The operational steps for your first EME contacts using the FT-847 are shown below.
• Connect the FT-847 to your antennas and amplifier/preamp as shown on page 15. As a general rule,
for 2 meter EME one needs (as a minimum system) a pair of Yagi antennas at least 5 meters (16.4’)
long (two side-by-side vertically polarized Yagis
otherwise used for FM work may be satisfactory)
and at least 150 watts of power.
‚ Set the FT-847 to the CW mode, and activate the
DSP Bandpass Filter (and NR filter, if you like).
Set the DSP Bandpass Filter to its minimum bandwidth setting (25 Hz). If the optional YF-115C is
installed in your transceiver, press the [NAR] switch
to activate the narrow IF filter.
ƒ Set Menu #02 (“MIN FREQ”) to the 0.1 Hz selection. This will provide very fine tuning steps, which
are helpful when using the ultra-narrow DSP bandwidth of 25 Hz.
„ Press the [CLAR] switch to activate the CLARIFIER
feature, so as to compensate for Doppler shift. If
you have software which provides Doppler shift
prediction, use the software to determine the current Doppler shift expected. If you do not have such
software, the following guidelines (for a mid-latitude station operating on 2 meters) will get you
started:
l As the moon rises in the eastern sky, signals will
be heard higher in frequency compared to the
original transmit frequency. As the moon recedes toward the west, signals appear lower in
frequency compared to the original transmit frequency.
l At moonrise in the east, 144 MHz Doppler will
be on the order of +500 Hz; your CLAR control should therefore be set to +500 Hz offset,
so that your transmit frequency is 500 Hz below your listening frequency.
l As the moon reaches its highest point in the sky,
the Doppler shift will be reduced to zero (as the
moon is no longer “approaching” your location).
Therefore, as the rising moon reaches 45 degrees elevation, the Doppler shift may only be
about +250 Hz; adjust the CLAR control appropriately.
FT-847 OPERATING MANUAL
Appendix
EME (EARTH-MOON-EARTH) OPERATION
l As the moon sets, the 144 MHz Doppler shift
will approach -500 Hz, so you should adjust the
CLAR control for a negative setting once the
moon passes to the west of your location. At
45º elevation to the west, set the CLARIFIER for
about -250 Hz offset to compensate for the Doppler shift on the signal reflected from the receding moon.
l Doppler shift varies with frequency, so the 50
MHz predicted Doppler shift will be roughly
1/3 of that on 2 meters, while the 432 MHz Doppler shift will be about 3 times the shift on 2
meters.
… Now tune slowly around the low end of the “CW”
sub-band. On 2 meters, most activity is concentrated
between 144.005 MHz and 144.035 MHz, with the
heaviest activity between about 144.008 MHz and
144.030 MHz. On 432 MHz, the heaviest activity
is between 432.005 and 432.030 MHz. Signals will
be weak (only a few dB above the noise, with small
antennas), so tune slowly.
† If you hear a station calling “CQ” you will probably observe that the call lasts for one to two minutes, followed by an identical-length listening period. You should reply by sending the other station’s
call once or twice, followed by your call for the
remainder of the sending period (one minute, unless you know the other station called for two minutes). Try to match your sending speed to that of
the other station, and be sure your station’s clock
is aligned to WWV, JJY, CHU, VNG, ZUO, or some
other international time standard. On 432 MHz, 2½minute calls are sometimes used, especially during
schedules; be sure to match the calling pattern of
the other station.
‡ EME contacts follow a signal report protocol rather
different from that used on HF. The chief components of the QSO exchange are:
l “O” means that both callsigns have been received.
l “RO” means that the 2nd station has heard both
callsigns (the “O” part), and furthermore that
receipt of the other station’s “O” is being acknowledged (the “R” part).
l “R” signifies that all the above information has
been received.
l “73” signifies that the other station’s “R” has
been received, and that the contact has now been
completed.
FT-847 OPERATING MANUAL
A typical 144 MHz EME QSO, therefore, might go
something like this, following W1DXC’s one-minute
“CQ” call:
(Minute 1)
“W1DXC W1DXC W6DXC W6DXC W6DXC
W6DXC W6DXC ...... KKK”
(Minute 2)
“W6DXC W1DXC W6DXC W1DXC
OOOOOOO ...... W6DXC W1DXC KKK”
(Minute 3)
“W1DXC W6DXC RO RO RO RO RO RO .......
W1DXC W6DXC KKK”
(Minute 4)
“W6DXC W1DXC RRR RRR RRR RRR .........
W6DXC W1DXC KKK”
(Minute 5)
“W1DXC W6DXC 73 73 73 73 73 73 73 .........
W1DXC W6DXC SK SK SK”
If the other station repeats a previous transmission (for
example, “OOO”), it means your most recent transmission was not received. Repeat the information
again (in this case, your “RO” transmission) until the
other station acknowledges your information (by sending “RRR RRR” in this case).
EME operation is today within the reach of many more
amateurs than ever before. Good ears, patience, and
commonly-available hardware may be used in conjunction with your FT-847 to let you experience “The Ultimate DX.”
101
Appendix
HIGH-SPEED CW METEOR SCATTER (HSCW MS) OPERATION
Configuration of the FT-847 for High-Speed CW
Meteor Scatter (HSCW MS) operation at CW sending
speeds at 1000 lpm (letters per minute) or more is easily accomplished, using the connectors and controls
provided on the transceiver; no modification should
be required for successful operation.
Although worldwide standards and conventions are not
firmly established for such aspects of HSCW operation as the setting of the frequency dial, the flexibility
of the FT-847 is such that you can easily set up the
transceiver to comply with the standards used in your
country.
The proper connection and operating procedures for
HSCW are outlined below.
CONNECTIONS TO HSCW KEYING AND
DECODING DEVICES
We recommend that you operate HSCW in an AFSK
environment, so as to simplify the potential for confusion about the operating frequency. Accordingly, connect your keying and decoding devices in a manner
similar to that recommended for HF Packet and other
AFSK Data operation:
Remember that the AFSK output level from the DATA
IN/OUT jack is fixed, so you may monitor the receiving frequency, adjusting the AF (GAIN) control for a
comfortable listening level, without affecting the decoding of the incoming CW during a meteor burst.
The output level from the ring connection of the DATA
IN/OUT jack is 30 mV at an impedance of 600 Ω,
while the optimum AFSK input level to the tip connector is 40 mV at 10 kΩ. When connected to the DATA
IN/OUT jack, either the internal speaker, an external
speaker, or headphones may be used to listen to the
receive frequency, without affecting the data flow to
the CW decoder.
Disconnect your microphone when using the rear
panel’s PTT jack for T/R control.
Some keying/decoding devices may require a higher
or variable receive audio level. In this case, connect
the AFSK input line to the decoder to the EXT SPKR
jack on the rear of the FT-847; in this case, audio from
the internal speaker will be cut off.
102
FT-847 OPERATING MANUAL
Appendix
HIGH-SPEED CW METEOR SCATTER (HSCW MS) OPERATION
SETTING THE CONTROLS AND
SWITCHES FOR HSCW
Set the front panel controls and switches as follows. It
is assumed, in this example, that you are injecting a
2000 Hz AFSK keying tone for transmission, and that
the “standard” for defining a frequency is the zero beat
frequency of your transmitter.
MODE:
CLAR (Switch):
PROC/KEYER:
AGC:
NB:
NR:
DIG. FIL:
DSP:
D. NOTCH:
SHIFT:
SQL:
SPLIT:
USB
Off
Off
Fast
Off
Off
On
Controls fully open at maximum
bandwidth
Off
12 O’clock
Fully Counter-clockwise
On
Set the Main and Sub VFOs to the same frequency, which
should be 2000 Hz (2.00 kHz) lower than the “schedule” or “operating” frequency. This will make the zero
beat frequency of your 2000 Hz transmitted CW correspond to the “schedule” frequency. If you are sending a
1500 Hz tone, instead, set the VFOs to a frequency 1500
Hz below the “schedule” frequency, etc.
During your first transmission, adjust the MIC (GAIN)
control to the position just before the point where the
power output no longer increases. Then adjust the RF
PWR control for about 25 Watts output on 144 or 432
MHz (50 Watts on 50 MHz). The duty cycle during
HSCW is much higher than with slower-speed CW or
SSB, and reducing the power output from the FT-847
to about 50% of its rated maximum is therefore recommended.
You may wish to experiment with the use of the DSP
bandpass filter to optimize the signal-to-noise ratio.
Most improvement will be realized by rotating the
LOW CUT control clockwise to some degree, as
counter-clockwise rotation of the HIGH CUT control
will attenuate the incoming audio tones. The use of
the DSP NR feature and the IF Noise Blanker generally is not recommended, because at high sending
speeds these circuits may interpret the (desired) CW
signal as being “noise,” leading to the elimination of
the incoming signal from the receiver section! However, you may wish to experiment with the use of the
NB and NR features, as you may find them to be usable at your sending speed.
FT-847 OPERATING MANUAL
OPERATING TUTORIAL
Because operating practices for HSCW meteor scatter are somewhat different throughout the world, only
general guidelines will be presented here. Consult with
your local VHF/UHF weak-signal society for specific
operating information; your Dealer may also have an
extensive selection of books on this subject, and a wide
variety of resources are available on the Internet.
Calling CQ
During non-meteor-shower conditions, you may wish
to call CQ on an established calling frequency such as
144.100 MHz (remember, if you use a 2000 Hz audio
tone, set your VFOs to 144.098.0 MHz). When listening for replies, use the SUB-TUNE knob, which tunes
your receive frequency.
If there is a lot of activity on the calling frequency,
you may wish to specify a listening frequency, and
operate in a truly “split” environment. The convention is to add a letter (A, B, C, . . .) following the “CQ”
call, indicating how many kHz up from the TX frequency you are listening. According to this system,
“CQA” means you will listen “Up 1 kHz” while “CQB”
means “Up 2 kHz,” “CQE” means “Up 5 kHz,” and
“CQZ” means “Up 26 kHz.” If you are calling “CQE”
and hear a response to your call 5 kHz up, you then
press the [AuB] key to QSY to the “E” frequency,
where the QSO is completed.
Completing a QSO
As with EME operation, there are commonly-accepted
standards for operating procedures.
Usually, one-minute sending and receiving sequences
are used. In North America, it is customary for the
westernmost station to transmit during the “even” minutes of the hour, (e.g. 1900~1901, 1902~1903, etc.),
while the easterly station transmits on the “odd” minutes (e.g. 1901~1902, 1903~1904, etc.). In Europe, the
opposite convention applies (the easternmost station
transmits on the “even” minutes). If both stations are
approximately at the same longitude, then the more
southerly station transmits on the “even” minutes, as
above. Be certain to clarify the sending sequencing
with the other station, so that you both are not transmitting at the same time!
As with EME, when you have received both your call
and the other station’s call, you send calls and a report
(see below). If you get both calls and a report, you
send a report and “R.” If you get a report and “R,” you
send “R” in reply, and if you get just an “R” you send
73” to signify completion of the contact.
103
Appendix
HIGH-SPEED CW METEOR SCATTER (HSCW MS) OPERATION
The “report” format generally consists of any of the
following:
l A 2-digit burst-length and signal-strength report
(e.g. “26”);
l A burst-length “S” report (e.g. “S2,” the historical report format); or
l Your Grid Square (used in contests).
Sending Speed
Unless otherwise stipulated, a sending speed of 1000
lpm (200 wpm) should be satisfactory for calling CQ
and random meteor scatter work. Higher speeds are
often used on schedules.
In principle, any of these reports may be used, because
the intent is to exchange information not known in
advance to the other party.
If you are missing some piece of information, the following format is used to request a repeat:
BBB: Both callsigns are needed
MMM: My callsign is needed
(your call was received OK)
YYY: Your callsign is needed
(my call was received OK)
SSS: Your “Report” is needed
UUU: Your keying is not readable
(technical problem)
104
FT-847 OPERATING MANUAL
This device complies with Part 15 of the FCC rules.
Operation is subject to the condition that this device
does not cause harmful interference.
.... leading the way.SM
Copyright 1998
Yaesu Musen Co., Ltd.
All rights reserved.
No portion of this manual
may be reproduced
without the permission of
Yaesu Musen Co., Ltd.
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