Canon EOS 5D White Paper (1.37 MB PDF)

Canon EOS 5D White Paper (1.37 MB PDF)
Table of Contents
Remarkable New Full-Frame 12.8 Megapixel CMOS Sensor
Sophisticated New AF System
Highly Durable New High-Speed Shutter
Design and Construction
Power Sources
E-TTL II Autoflash
High Performance LCD Screen
Large, Bright Viewfinder With Interchangeable Focusing Screens
New Picture Style
New Automatic and Intelligent Noise Reduction Function
Flexible and Convenient Folder Creation and Selection
Ultra-precise White Balance
Extensive Exposure Control
Image Recording, Processing and Protection
Image Playback
Extensive Software Package
Enhanced PictBridge Functions
Contents ©2005 by Canon U.S.A., Inc. All Rights Reserved. Excerpts from this material may be quoted in
published product reviews and articles. For further information, please contact Canon U.S.A., Inc. Public Relations Dept.,
(516) 328-5000.
In the Canon DSLR lineup, the gap between the EOS 20D camera, at about $1,500, and
the new EOS-1D Mark II N camera, at about $4,000, represents an irresistible marketing
and engineering opportunity. Of course, many combinations of size, performance,
ruggedness and complexity are possible, especially for Canon. Canon has the
inestimable advantage of being able to mix original design elements with existing,
proven, successful components and software, as appropriate, from the EOS-1Ds Mark II,
the EOS-1D Mark II and new Mark II N, the EOS 20D and the EOS Digital Rebel XT
cameras. Because Canon manufactures not only its own CMOS sensors but also the
machinery that makes those sensors, as well as the devices that test and maintain that
machinery, Canon has extraordinary control over the manufacturing process. Canon has
developed leading mold making and metalworking technologies, and it makes virtually
all of the critical electronic and optical parts in its DSLRs. Consequently, the occasion of a
new camera brings with it the possibility of some new and very special items to throw into
the mix. That is exactly what has happened with the new Canon EOS 5D Digital SLR.
The heart of the EOS 5D SLR is its all-new, specific to the 5D model, 12.8 megapixel
full-frame, Canon-designed and -manufactured single-plate CMOS sensor. Each pixel is a
very large 8.2µm, and is therefore able to receive a great deal of light, producing not
only excellent resolution but a wide range of ISO settings and low noise levels on a par
with the 8.2 megapixel EOS-1D Mark II camera. The DIGIC II Image Processor, DDR
SDRAM and 4-channel reading enable an incredible burst performance of 60 Large/Fine
JPEGs or 17 RAW images at 3 fps.
Also newly developed for the EOS 5D camera are the 9-point AF unit with 6 invisible
Supplemental AF points and a more durable shutter rated to 100,000 shots as required
in a professional camera. This shutter mechanism has to be large enough to handle the
full-frame sensor, which, in turn, has required the development of a new, large mirror
box assembly.
New and shared with the concurrently-introduced EOS-1D Mark II N camera, is the
2.5 inch, approximately 230,000 pixel, wide-view monitor, which is an absolute delight
1Ds Mark II
1D Mark II N
Digital Rebel XT
to use. Also new and shared with the EOS-1D Mark II N camera is the Picture Style
approach to the management of image characteristics, which users will appreciate for its
ease of use and more coherent set of controls.
Trim and convenient size and weight are important parts of the EOS 5D camera’s
character. At 810 grams, the 5D model is unusually easy to carry and to hold, especially
when its resolution and full-frame sensor are taken into account. It is roughly the size of
the original EOS 1 film SLR sans booster. When combined with compact new top-quality
lenses such as the EF 24-105mm f/4L IS USM or the EF 70-300mm f/4-5.6 IS USM, the
result is a unique tool: a lightweight, high performance camera with outstanding optics
at a modest price. If 1-Series heft is required, the optional BG-E4 Battery Grip is available.
It provides a comfortable vertical shooting grip and doubles shooting capacity.
At an estimated selling price of $3,2991, the Canon EOS 5D Digital SLR has actually
invented a new category: the mid-price, high-end DSLR or, as Canon prefers to say, the
first Premium DSLR camera.
Actual selling price will be set by dealers and may vary.
• World’s smallest and lightest
full-frame digital SLR (as of
August 2005)
• Full-size 12.8 megapixel
Canon-designed and
-manufactured CMOS image
sensor with large 8.2µm
square pixels for ultra-fine
detail and high image quality
• Incredible value at an
estimated selling price of
$3,2993 in complete Power Kit form with full software package including new Digital
Photo Professional v2.0
• New Picture Style function for easy, customizable and complete image control
• DIGIC II Image Processor and 4-channel reading for fast 3 fps continuous shooting,
even at full resolution
• Outstanding burst performance: 60 Large/Fine JPEG or 17 RAW frames
• Fast, 0.2 second startup
• Newly developed 9-point AF unit with 6 invisible Supplemental AF points, improved
AI SERVO AF subject tracking and improved focusing from a defocused state
• 3 AF points work with f/2.8 or faster lenses for enhanced precision
• Improved 35-zone exposure metering
• Spot metering, approximately 3.5% of viewfinder area
• Rugged body built using magnesium alloy (including battery grip) and stainless
steel chassis
• Compact and lightweight for a DSLR with a full-frame sensor
• New, more durable shutter rated to 100,000 shots for professional use
• New 2.5 inch, approximately 230,000 pixel, wide-view LCD monitor
• 6 selectable JPEG recording modes, RAW and simultaneous RAW+JPEG
• Interchangeable focusing screens: 3 types
• Shutter speeds to 1/8000 sec. and X sync at 1/200 sec.
• More advanced PictBridge functions
• New automatic noise reduction function
• Wide ISO range: 100 to 1,600 in 1/3 stop increments (extendable to 50 and 3,200)
• Ultra-precise white balance (9 types), WB bracketing (blue-amber and magenta-green,
even on RAW and RAW+JPEG shots) and WB correction
• Full-featured INFO screen (including RGB histogram and AF frame displays)
• Quick review images enlargeable
• Powerful new Jump function for image viewing (jump by 10 or 100 images, date
or folder)
• Storage of one set of frequently used camera settings
• 21 Custom functions with 57 settings
• Flexible folder creation and selection
• USB 2.0 Hi-Speed connection for fast image transfers
• Compatible with wireless/wired LAN image transmission via optional WFT-E1/E1A
• Original image verification system with optional DVK-E2
• Sculpted Canon logo, electroplated “EOS 5D” badge and higher density matte finish
for quality look and feel
• Optional battery grip, BG-E4, accepts up to 2 battery packs (BP-511A/511/512/514)
or a set of six AA-size batteries for long periods of continuous shooting
As of August, 2005
Actual selling price will be set by dealers and may vary.
Remarkable New
Full-Frame 12.8 Megapixel
CMOS Sensor
CMOS sensor (actual size)
The heart of the Canon EOS 5D Digital SLR is
its extraordinary new, Canon-designed and
–manufactured, full-frame, single-plate 12.8
megapixel sensor. This is enough resolution
for a double page spread in a magazine, a
large print of the bride and groom, facial
detail in group shots or a landscape of
impressive dimensions. The sensor’s 35.8mm
x 23.9mm size means that each pixel can be a
generous 8.2µm, resulting in exceptionally low shadow noise. The sensor’s low power
consumption extends battery life and also lowers noise. A finer CMOS production
process and optimized photodiode construction increase the light-sensitive area of each
pixel and improve dynamic range as well.
The full-size sensor maximizes the performance of EF lenses, the world’s largest
selection of autofocus lenses. With the full-size sensor, EF lenses — even wide-angle
lenses — have the same look and feel that they have with conventional SLR cameras,
preserving their optical signatures.
The anti-aliasing filter, which also functions as the
CMOS sensor package’s cover glass, consists of an
Dichroic mirror
(Reflects infrared rays)
Infrared-absorbing glass
infrared-blocking filter, a primary low-pass filter, a
phase plate and a secondary low-pass filter. While
other cameras, such as the EOS 20D camera, have
three crystal plates, the EOS 5D model’s filter has one
independent crystal plate doing double duty as the
cover glass. This reduces cost without affecting the
filter’s performance.
Also significant are the large microlens array that
Low-pass filter
(Separates image in
gathers light for the photodiodes with great efficiency
vertical direction)
Phaser layer
and the second-generation, on-chip, noise reduction
(Converts linear polarized
light into circular polarized light)
circuit that effectively minimizes random noise and
Low-pass filter
eliminates fixed-pattern noise. A wide standard ISO
(Separates image in horizontal
range is possible, 100 to 1,600, extendable to 50 and
Cross section of infrared cut, low-pass filter
3,200. Further, 4-channel reading is performed per
line, so shooting can continue at 3 fps, even at 12.8 megapixels per frame resolution.
The result is very high resolution and exceptionally low image noise, on the same level
as the EOS-1D Mark II camera. Seen in its totality, this is groundbreaking performance:
top-of-the-mark image quality in a beautifully balanced package for thousands less than
ever before.
New AF System
The EOS 5D camera has a new 9-point AF unit
with six Supplemental AF points, a new AF
algorithm and new AF circuitry. The new AF
system improves subject detection and focusing
precision at the center, the most frequently used
area, and significantly enhances subject tracking
performance. The nine AF points are concentrated
at the center, but the extreme left and right AF
points are located in the same positions as the
corresponding AF points on the EOS-1Ds Mark II.
AF sensor positions
major defocus
detection sensor
In addition, the six Supplemental AF points,
grouped around the center of the image, provide
highly accurate focusing and do an especially
good job of tracking the subject in the AI SERVO
AF mode. These Supplemental AF points are not
visible in the finder and cannot be selected
manually, but they can be seen in the
ZoomBrowser or ImageBrowser software. They
f/2.8 / f/5.6-sensitive sensor
f/5.6-sensitive sensor
are used during automatic AF point selection (AF
calculation speed and accuracy are as good as,
or better than, the EOS 20D’s) and as AF area
expansion points when the center AF point is
AF sensor
selected in C.Fn-17-1, “Expanded AF point
activation area.” They do not function in the
AF points
One-Shot AF mode.
The EOS 5D camera has three autofocus modes
plus manual focus (MF). In One-Shot AF, when
focus is achieved, the AF operation stops and
locks. Predictive AI SERVO AF tracks subject
: Sensitive to f/5.6
Assist AF points
: Sensitive to f/2.8
Assist AF points
AF points and invisible AF points
movement and focuses continuously until the
start of exposure. AI Focus AF provides automatic switching from One-Shot AF to
Predictive AI Servo AF when subject motion is detected. The manual focus mode
provides a focus confirmation light, an illuminated superimposed AF point display
(enabled/disabled with C.Fn-10) and a beeper (enabled/disabled with the power
switch). AF-Assist is provided by EOS-dedicated Speedlites equipped with a nearinfrared (peak wavelength approx. 700nm) AF-Supplemental beam.
In AI SERVO AF mode and with automatic AF point selection set, a total of fifteen AF
points, including the six Supplemental AF points, will function automatically. As with
previous cameras, focusing starts from the center AF point. If it cannot track the subject,
the other AF points will help. The Supplemental AF points enhance subject tracking
performance and enable a smoother transition from the center AF point to adjacent AF
points. When C.Fn-17-1, AI SERVO AF and the center AF point are set together, subject
tracking is improved because the seven AF points within the spot metering circle will be
active: the center AF point and the six Supplemental AF points.
The center AF point has a special hybrid design. With f/2.8 or faster lenses, focusing is a
two-step process. First, the f/5.6-sensitive cross-type sensor is used to focus. When
focus is almost achieved, a switch is made to the f/2.8-sensitive horizontal linesensitive sensor for high-precision focusing. The center AF point’s f/5.6-sensitive,
vertical/horizontal line-sensitive sensors each have two lines in a zigzag pattern,
making a total of four lines for cross-type focusing at the center. The f/5.6 horizontal
line-sensitive AF point can now do a better job of detecting major defocus conditions,
improving focusing while the lens is way out of focus. All six Supplemental AF points are
f/5.6-sensitive. The two Supplemental AF points directly above and below the center are
also f/2.8-sensitive when a lens of f/2.8 or brighter is used.
Predictive AF can focus track a subject approaching at 186 mph up to 66 feet away with
an EF 300mm f/2.8L IS USM lens. The EOS 5D camera uses the same statistical
prediction computation as the EOS-1Ds Mark II camera, incorporating data of past
focusing operations. Because it can repeat more focusing operations in a short length of
time, the predictive AF control can operate effectively from the first shot, even if a
subject is moving erratically or if the subject’s movement changes just before shutter
release. (In this case, as with the EOS-1D Mark II camera, when focusing is possible, the
lens drive is executed based on the focusing result right before shutter release.) For still
subjects, too, AI SERVO AF is a useful option. Focus control is exceptionally stable; the
lens does not move, even minutely. If the subject should move unexpectedly, focus
detection is always active to enable subject tracking.
Highly Durable New
High-Speed Shutter
The EOS 5D camera has a newly developed,
high-speed and highly durable shutter unit that was
designed to meet the demanding requirements of a
full-frame sensor in a relatively compact body. The
shutter is a vertical travel, focal plane type with two
parallelogram link curtains. Each curtain has four
blades, three KN Mylar and one Duralumin. The
high-torque shutter cocking mechanism, curtain
configuration and lightweight blades enable a top
Shutter unit
shutter speed of 1/8000 sec. with all speeds
electronically controlled, and a maximum X-sync speed of 1/200 sec. The metal shutter
plate and lever, high-strength cocking gear and a cocking motor that uses a carbon
brush account for the remarkable-in-this-price-class 100,000-cycle life this unit enjoys.
This is a level of durability expected in a professional camera. For example, based on
Canon’s test standards, the EOS-1D Mark II and –1Ds Mark II cameras are rated at
200,000 shots; the EOS-1v model is rated at 150,000 shots and the EOS-1n camera is
rated at 100,000. In another clever bit of reliability engineering, because the electronic
X-contact has been added to the sync contacts, the shutter unit’s X-sync function uses
an optically detected, contactless switch instead of a mechanical switch. This
contributes to high durability and high reliability when a Speedlite is used, and also can
handle trigger circuit voltages up to 250V from non-dedicated flash units, whether they
are connected through the hot shoe or the provided PC socket.
Design and Construction
The EOS 5D Digtial SLR has a solid, substantial
and organic feel that complements its compact
dimensions and reasonable weight. Truly, it is
a premium camera. The top, front and rear
covers and battery grip are made of
magnesium alloy, known for being lightweight
and strong. Also, the USB port, video terminal
and other external interface connectors
concealed under the left cover use special
engineering plastic with excellent electromagnetic shielding properties.
EOS-1Ds Mark II
The EOS 5D camera’s basic internal construction and major parts’ configuration are the
same as those of the EOS 20D model. The 5D
camera has an improved grip and mode dial, a
modified terminal cap shape and clearer rear
controls. The pentaprism has an all-new shape
Size comparison
necessitated by the full-frame sensor and all associated components such as the mirror,
mirror box and shutter. Thanks to the design and manufacturing know-how accumulated
with previous EOS Digital cameras, as well as the low-pass filter integrated with the
CMOS cover glass, the EOS 5D model can be both more compact than one might expect
a high performance DSLR with a full-frame sensor to be, and more affordable as well.
The camera body consists of a stainless steel chassis and a mirror box made of highstrength engineering plastic. The mirror box, to which the mount and imaging element
are attached, is very securely attached to the chassis to prevent the flange focal
distance from changing due to static pressure on the attached lens. Since the grip and
front cover are one piece, body rigidity is excellent.
The exterior surface finish is a high-density black satin finish with a leathery touch that
feels smooth in the hands. The three grip surfaces are covered with rubber. The
electroplated “EOS 5D” badge and recessed and painted Canon logo give a quality
appearance to the camera.
Power Sources
The EOS 5D camera is normally powered by one
Battery Pack BP-511A/514/511/512. (The
BP-511A/514 holds 1,390mAh, 26% more than
the 1,100mAh of the BP-511/512.) With a fully
charged BP-511A or BP-514, the EOS 5D can
take approximately 800 shots at 20°C/68°F or
400 shots at 0°C/32°F. The 5D’s accessory
battery grip, the BG-E4, takes up to two of the
same series of battery packs, effectively
doubling shooting time, or uses six easy-toobtain AA-size batteries (alkaline, lithium or
Oxyride) when using the supplied BGM-E2
battery magazine. Note that alkaline batteries
cannot be used at temperatures below 10°C/
50°F. Conveniently, the BG-E4 has its own Main
dial and shutter button for comfortable vertical
shooting. Its front and rear covers use the same
magnesium alloy as the EOS 5D’s exterior, contributing to a solid feel as well as a
professional, integrated appearance.
A menu item, [Auto power off], allows the camera to go into standby mode after 1,2, 4,
8, 15 or 30 minutes of non-operation. Startup time is approximately 0.2 seconds, virtually instantaneous. Date/time backup is handled by one lithium CR2016 battery with a
life of approximately 5 years. An accessory AC Adapter Kit, the ACK-E2, is also available.
E-TTL II Autoflash
The EOS 5D camera features Canon’s sophisticated E-TTL II flash control system that
incorporates improved flash exposure control, lens focusing distance data and flash
color temperature information. The EOS 5D camera has built-in flash exposure
compensation and flash exposure bracketing (FEB) with the 580EX, 550EX, MR-14EX
and MT-24EX Speedlites. Wireless flash, using these units as well as the ST-E2
transmitter and 430EX or 420EX Speedlites (as slaves only), is possible with as many as
three slave groups. High-speed sync (FP, or focal plane, flash) enables flash
synchronization at all shutter speeds up to 1/8000 sec. The camera’s hot shoe has a
locking pin hole to prevent Speedlite slippage and the PC flash connector is threaded,
also for security.
High Performance
LCD Screen
The EOS 5D camera has a 2.5 inch
polysilicon TFT LCD screen with approximately 230,000 pixels. It has an exceptionally wide viewing angle of 170 degrees,
and the display area is double that of the
EOS 20D’s 1.8 inch screen. Previous LCD
screens had a narrow vertical viewing
Horizontal viewing angle
Actual LCD monitor viewing angle
angle. Picture brightness was lost if it was
viewed from even a slight vertical angle and image review involved some
uncertainty. The new screen maintains the same brightness from almost any viewing
angle. Brightness is adjustable in five levels with the menu item [LCD brightness].
The backlight uses six LED modules that illuminate the large monitor evenly. By
comparison, the 20D model’s 1.8 inch screen uses three LED modules.
Along with the larger screen, the menu text is also larger and easier to read. The fullfeatured INFO screen includes file sizes, RGB histogram and AF frame displays. In
addition, Quick Review images are now enlargeable.
EOS 5D (2.5in.)
EOS 20D (1.8in.)
Menu comparison (actual size)
Large, Bright Viewfinder
With Interchangeable
Focusing Screens
The viewfinder optics of the EOS 5D camera are newly
developed. They provide 96% vertical and horizontal
coverage with .71X magnification, a 20mm eyepoint and
–3 to +1 dpt dioptric adjustment. The result is a large
and bright view that is very much like that of the
Viewfinder information
EOS-1Ds Mark II (100% view, .7x magnification, 20mm
eyepoint, same range of dioptric adjustment).
Also like the EOS-1Ds Mark II, the EOS 5D features interchangeable focusing screens.
The standard screen is the Ee-A, designed to work with all EF lenses down to f/5.6
maximum aperture. Like the
Ee-D and Ee-S, it has the
Precision Matte random
microlens construction with
elements of varying size and
sensitivity. Two optional
screens are available, the
Standard Focusing
Grid Screen
Sharp focusing
Ee-D grid-type, also good for all lenses down to f/5.6 maximum aperture, and the Ee-S,
having finer microlenses than the other two types, intended for lenses f/2.8 or faster,
with a steeper-than-normal parabola of focus for easier manual focusing. Because
these screens have differing metering characteristics, C.Fn.-00 must be set to match the
screen in use.
The information display in the finder, below the focusing screen, is like the display of
the EOS 20D, with the addition of an indicator for FE lock: AE lock, AEB in progress
(blinks), Flash ready, insufficient flash warning during FE lock (blinks), High-speed sync
(FP flash), FE lock, FEB shooting (blinks), Flash exposure compensation, Shutter speed
(if camera shake will occur, it blinks), bulb, FE lock (FEL), Processing data (buSY),
Aperture (if unsuitable, it blinks), Exposure level display (Exposure compensation,
Manual exposure level, AEB level, Flash exposure compensation, Red-Eye Reduction lamp
on time display), White balance correction, Max. burst, AF focus confirmation (blinks when
focus cannot be achieved), MF focus confirmation, No CF card warning (no CF).
Finder blackout time is 145 ms at shutter speeds of 1/60 sec. and faster. There is no
mirror cut-off with lenses up to EF 600mm f/4L. Mirror lock-up is enabled with C.Fn-12-1.
Depth-of-field preview is provided via a button on the lower left front of the camera.
New Picture Style
Canon’s new Picture Style function unifies settings for
Picture Style selection screen
image processing parameters (previously Tone Curve,
Sharpness and Contrast) and color matrix (previously
Standard, Portrait, High and Low Saturation and Adobe
RGB) and provides one easy-to-use point of access for
the control of Sharpness, Contrast, Color Tone and
Saturation. In the past, some users of the EOS-1D line
had difficulty understanding the effect of disparate settings on final image characteristics. Also, some thought that their images looked soft because they did not recognize
that Canon’s default setting for EOS-1 class DSLRs deliberately applies no sharpening.
Picture Style makes it simple for users to get optimum image quality by making a
selection, which is more or less like selecting a particular film type in the past on the
basis of color characteristics, contrast and sharpness.
The first three Picture Styles, Standard, Portrait and Landscape, include Sharpness
levels 3, 2 and 4, respectively and do not anticipate major post-processing efforts. The
Standard image looks crisp, like a successful snapshot, and the Color Tone and
Saturation are set to obtain vivid colors. The Portrait Style has Color Tone and Saturation
set to obtain natural skin tones. Sharpness, one step weaker than in Standard, is kinder
to skin. With the Landscape Style, Color Tone and Saturation are set to achieve deep,
vivid blues and greens for skies and foliage. The Sharpness is set one step more than
Standard so that the outlines of mountains, trees and buildings look crisp. The fourth
Style, Neutral, is the same as the default setting for previous EOS-1D series cameras.
Natural color reproduction is obtained and no sharpness is applied, anticipating the
knowledgeable post-processing for which this setting is ideal. Like Neutral, the Faithful
Picture Style applies no sharpening. It is the same as Digital Photo Professional’s
Faithful setting. When the subject is photographed under a color temperature of 5200K,
the color is adjusted colorimetrically to match the subject’s color, even with JPEG
images. Each of these five preset Picture Styles can be altered manually in the menu for
Sharpness, Contrast, Color Tone and Saturation, so personal settings are easy to develop.
The sixth Picture Style is Monochrome, identical to the EOS 20D camera’s monochrome
setting. Sharpness is preset at 3 and Contrast is at its middle value. Instead of the
inappropriate Color Tone and Color Saturation, settings for Filter Effects (None, Yellow,
Orange, Red, Green) and Toning Effect (None, Sepia, Blue, Purple, Green) are offered.
User defined PC Settings, set with software under development, may become available
at release or separately, as may additional, downloadable Picture Styles.
New Automatic and
Intelligent Noise
Reduction Function
Because noise is difficult to see on a camera’s LCD screen, even one as large and
detailed as the EOS 5D camera’s, it is hard to know whether noise reduction should be
turned on or not. On the EOS 5D model, C.Fn-2, noise reduction for long exposures, has
three settings:On, Off or Auto noise reduction. In Auto with exposures of 1 second or
longer, if noise caused by a long exposure or high temperature, such as spotty noise or
reddish corners, is detected, noise reduction is performed automatically, regardless of
ISO. This setting is highly effective and useful for photographers at all levels.
When C.Fn-2 is set to On, noise reduction is always performed for exposures of 1 second
or longer, also regardless of ISO. This setting is most valuable in the uncommon
occurrence of noise that cannot be detected automatically, such as that generated by
low temperatures.
Like the EOS-1Ds Mark II model, the EOS 5D digital SLR enables continuous shooting
even while noise reduction is performed, as long as the buffer memory has room.
Cleverly, when shutter speed-priority AE or manual exposure is set and continuous
shooting is done at the same shutter speed, noise reduction will be performed in a
single process on all shots based on the first shot.
Flexible and Convenient
Folder Creation and
As with EOS-1D cameras, folders in which the images are to be saved can be created
and the image file numbers can also be reset, both through menu selections. The folder
names are appended with the camera name, starting with 100EOS5D and going as high
as 999EOS5D. Any folder can be selected for saved
images, except during playback. Up to 9999 images can
be saved in a folder, as opposed to 100 in the EOS 20D
camera. Folders are created automatically if the file
number reaches 9999 or if the CF card does not have a
Design rule for Camera File-system compliant (DCIM)
Folder creation/selection screen
White Balance
The EOS 5D digital SLR has an extensive and highly accurate set of white balance
controls and adjustments. First, it has nine types of white balance: Auto (which uses
the AWB algorithm of the EOS-1Ds Mark II model), Daylight (approx. 5,200K), Shade
(approx. 7,000K), Cloudy/Twilight/Sunset (approx. 6,000K), Tungsten light (approx.
3200K), White Fluorescent light (approx. 4,000K), Flash (approx. 6,000K), Custom (Take
a picture of a white subject serving as the white balance standard; then set “Custom
WB” mode on the on-screen menu to specify that image) and Color Temperature (set
manually from 2,800K to 10,000K in 100 degree increments).
The color temperature of all nine white balance modes listed here can be adjusted or
corrected (using the Multi-controller, pushable in all directions) in +/- 9 levels of
blue/amber bias and +/- 9 levels of magenta/green bias. White balance correction can
fine tune color within the range from 2,000K to 10,000K.
White balance bracketing of up to +/- 3 stops in whole-stop increments can be
implemented with a single shutter release. (When WB-BKT is set, the “shots remaining”
will decrease to about one third the normal number.) Either blue/amber or magenta/
green bracketing is possible separately. White balance correction and auto exposure
bracketing can also be set in combination with white balance bracketing, in which case
nine images will be saved to the CF card (with commensurately extended write times).
Significantly on the EOS 5D model, white balance bracketing can be used with RAW and
RAW+JPEG shots.
White fluorescent light
Black body
Tungsten light
WB correction
Extensive Exposure Control
WB bracketing
The EOS 5D Digital SLR uses the same 35-zone metering
sensor as the EOS 20D, but it has metering functions on
a par with the EOS 1D Series. The sensor and the
metering optics are positioned behind the pentaprism
with the metering lens magnification set to obtain the
optimum correlation between the nine AF points and the
Metering zones
metering sensor zone areas. Evaluative (set automatically in the Full Auto mode),
partial, spot (updated for each shot during continuous shooting) and centerweighted
average metering modes are provided. Partial metering reads approximately 8% of the
viewfinder area at the center, and spot metering reads approximately 3.5% of the
viewfinder area. The basic characteristics of the evaluative metering system and the
E-TTL II autoflash metering system have been adjusted to make them just like those in
the EOS 20D, which has the same 35-zone metering sensor and One-Shot AF with nine
AF points.
The shooting modes are P (programmed AE, shiftable), Tv (shutter-priority AE), Av
(aperture-priority AE), M (manual), Bulb, Full Auto (non-shiftable) and C (Camera setting
registration, a saved set of custom settings). Basic Zone modes and Depth-of-Field AE
are not offered. For flash photography, E-TTL II autoflash and averaged flash exposure
(C.Fn-14-1) are both available. Metering begins when the shutter release is pressed
halfway. Metering time lasts from approximately four seconds before exposure until
approximately 2 seconds after exposure. Multiple exposures are not possible.
Auto Exposure Bracketing can range up to +/- 2 stops in 1/2 or 1/3 stop increments. It
can be affected in P (shutter or aperture varied), Tv (aperture varied), Av (shutter varied)
or M (shutter varied). It is not settable in the Full Auto mode. The bracketing sequence
is: standard exposure, decreased exposure, increased exposure; C.Fn-9 allows changes
to this order. AEB can be used in conjunction with the self-timer or WB-BKT (nine images
will be generated).
In the One-Shot AF mode with evaluative metering, AE lock takes effect when focus is
achieved. Manual AE lock is enabled with the AE lock button (rear, top right). There is
no AE lock in Full Auto. During evaluative metering, AE lock is applied to the exposure
setting obtained by the selected AF point. During partial, spot or center-weighted
average metering, AE lock is applied to the exposure setting obtained by the center
point. The same button functions as an FE lock button when an EX-series Speedlite
is attached.
Image Recording,
Processing and Protection
As with the EOS-1Ds Mark II camera, high-speed and
high quality image processing is executed by the
Digital control
circuit board
DIGIC II Image Processor. The DIGIC II and the DDR
SDRAM (rather than the SDR SDRAM in the EOS 20D)
buffer memory and 4-channel reading work together
to attain a continuous shooting speed of approximately 3 fps and a maximum burst of 60 frames,
Large/Fine JPEG, 17 RAW, or 12 RAW+JPEG.
In addition to RAW alone, the EOS 5D camera offers six choices of image recording
quality: Large (12.7 megapixels, either Fine/low compression or Normal/high compression), Medium (6.7 megapixels, Fine/low compression or Normal/high compression) or
Small (4.2 megapixels, Fine/low compression or Normal/high compression). RAW+JPEG
simultaneous recording is enabled in all JPEG recording modes so each of these six
choices can be combined with RAW, creating a total of thirteen image recording quality
possibilities. The RAW and JPEG images are saved as separate files on the CF card.
With the menu’s [Protect] function, a single image can be protected or unprotected.
Images that were erase-protected with the camera cannot be erased, except during formatting. A single image, or all images stored on a CF card, can be erased if they are
Image Playback
The EOS 5D Digital SLR provides for a great
variety of playback options: single image,
shooting information display (including a
reduced size image, Folder number, File
number, Histogram, Color space, Shooting
date/time, AF point, ISO speed, Metering
mode, Shooting mode, Shutter speed,
Aperture, Exposure compensation amount,
White balance correction amount, Playback
number/Total images recorded, Protect,
Recording quality Original image verification
data appended, White balance, Color
temperature- displayed only when WB
Shooting information
Camera settings
setting is K, Monochrome and File size in MB) camera settings information (date/time,
WB correction amount, WB-BKT setting, Color space, Picture style, Flash exposure
compensation amount, Auto power-off, Auto rotated image, Color temperature, CF card
space remaining, ISO speed, Register
camera settings- shooting mode only,
File number and Folder number),
nine-image index, magnified view,
jump display, auto playback, image
protection and image rotation.
Jump Menu
The powerful new Jump function helps the user to locate a desired image quickly in a
large group. After pressing the JUMP button, press the SET button and turn the Quick
Control Dial to select a jump mode. Then, turn the Quick Control Dial or the Main Dial to
jump. One can jump by ten images (forward or back), a hundred images (forward or
back), by shooting date (previous or following day with the day’s last shot displayed
first) or by folder (previous or next with the newest shot displayed first). Conveniently, it
is possible to jump while in the 9-image index display, during magnified view and
during menu display.
With the Magnify button, the image can be magnified in the single image display from
approximately 1.5x to 10x in 15 steps. Right after shooting, magnified or reduced view
is enabled by choosing C.Fn-18-1, shooting priority, and pressing the Direct Print button
and the Magnify/Reduce button simultaneously.
The EOS 5D Digital SLR has three menus: Shooting, Playback and Setup. They are color
coded red, blue and yellow, respectively. The Shooting menu offers control of recording
quality, Beep on/off, Shoot without CF card on/off, Auto Exposure Bracketing, White
Balance shift and bracket, Custom White Balance, Color Temperature, Color Space and
Picture Style. The Playback menu controls Protect, Rotate, Print Order, Auto Play, Review
time, AF points display/not and Histogram Brightness/RGB. The Setup menu has
settings for Auto power off, Auto rotate, LCD brightness, Date/Time, File numbering,
Select/Create folder, Language (15 choices), Video system, Communication, Format,
Custom Functions, Clear settings, Register camera settings and Sensor cleaning. This is
a degree of control suited to pros and serious amateurs alike.
A full complement of twenty-one Custom Functions with
fifty-seven settings is provided on the EOS 5D camera. Three
additions have been made to the functions provided by the
EOS 20D. C.Fn-00 must be set to match the installed
focusing screen (0-Ee-A, 1-Ee-D, 2-Ee-S). C.Fn-17-1 is used to
improve subject acquisition performance when the center AF
point is selected in AI SERVO AF mode. (C.Fn-17-0 is the
Standard setting.) C.Fn-18, [LCD displ
Return to shoot]
Mode dial in the
Custom position
controls the way in which one is able to return instantly to shooting from menu viewing
or image playback. The choices are 0 [With Shutter Button Only] or 1 [Also with AE Lock
button, etc.], in which case all shooting controls will work instantly, even during menu
operation or image playback. This becomes particularly helpful when the camera is set
to Custom Function 4-1 or 4-3, in which AF is started by pressing the AE lock button.
Under the menu’s Setup tab, [Camera setting registration] allows users to store one set
of frequently used camera settings, both Shooting Settings and Menu Settings included.
The settings that will be saved can be displayed on the LCD panel by turning the Mode
dial to C. The following settings cannot be saved: time information, language,
communication setting, video output and those settings that cannot be reset to default
with the camera reset function.
Extensive Software
Enhanced PictBridge
The EOS 5D Digital SLR will be packaged with the EOS Digital Solution Disk, Ver. 11,
which includes ZoomBrowser EX 5.5, ImageBrowser 5.5, EOS Capture 1.5 (Windows/
Macintosh), PhotoStitch 3.1 (Windows/Macintosh) and a set of PTP, WIA and TWAIN
Drivers (Windows). At no extra cost, the camera will also come with Digital Photo
Professional, Ver. 2.0, an immensely useful tool for professional digital workflow.
New “Contact” Printing
When used in conjunction with
PictBridge compatible third-party
printers, Canon cameras can print
directly without a computer. Now,
the collaboration between Canon
PIXMA photo printers and Canon
cameras has been extended so that,
beginning with Canon’s exceptional
Fall 2005 line of PictBridge
compatible models, useful new
functions will be available. First,
there’s Contact Printing, featuring easy-to-see thumbnail images, with a simulated
35mm filmstrip background. Each frame measures 36mm x 24mm, exactly the size of
contact prints made from 35mm film, in a five-rows-of-seven 35-image layout.
Two New Layouts With Exif Data
The second new option is a 20-image layout with Exif shooting information printed next
to each frame: camera model, lens model, extender usage, shooting mode, shutter
speed, aperture setting, exposure compensation (not shown if no compensation is used),
ISO, white balance, file number and date. This
layout and the contact
sheet offer a useful
solution to the problem
of archiving and retrieving
digital images. A third
new choice makes a
single print with Exif
information printed
Face Brightener
Face Brightener, which makes dark,
backlit faces brighter, is an effect that
appeared originally in Easy-PhotoPrint Ver. 3.0. It is now available,
without a computer, in the new series
of Canon PictBridge printers. It provides an easy way to correct for underexposure
caused, in most cases, by backlighting of the subject.
New Paper Sizes
Three new paper sizes have been added: 4" x 8", 8" x 10" and 10" x 12". An extended
selection of new paper sizes and types is scheduled to be available for Canon PIXMA
Photo Printers announced in the second half of 2005.
The EOS 5D Digital SLR has the same interface set as the EOS 20D model: USB 2.0
Hi-Speed, mini B port, NTSC/PAL Video output terminal, a PC terminal for non-dedicated
flash units and an N3-type remote control terminal.
Type: Digital AF/AE SLR
Recording Media: CompactFlash (CF) Card Type I and II
Sensor Size: 1.41 x 0.94 in./35.8 x 23.9mm
Compatible Lenses: Canon EF lenses (except EF-S lenses)
Lens Mount: Canon EF mount
Type: High-sensitivity, High-resolution, Single-plate, CMOS Sensor
Effective Pixels: Approx. 12.8 Megapixels
Total Pixels: Approx. 13.3 Megapixels
Aspect Ratio: 3:2 (Horizontal : Vertical)
Color Filter System: RGB primary color filters
IR Cut Low-pass Filter: Fixed position in front of the image sensor
File Format: Design rule for Camera File system (JPEG) and RAW, Exif 2.21 compliant
Image Compression: JPEG and RAW
File Size (on CF Card): (1) Large/Fine: Approx. 4.6MB (4368 x 2912) (2) Large/Normal
2.3MB (4368 x 2912) (3) Medium/Fine: Approx. 2.7MB (3168 x 2112) (4) Medium/
Normal: Approx. 1.4MB (3168 x 2112) (5) Small/Fine: Approx. 2.0MB (2496 x 1664)
(6) Small/Normal: Approx. 1.0MB (2496 x 1664) (7) RAW: Approx. 12.9 MB (4368 x
Folder Settings: Automatic, Manual, Manual reset and folder creation, Folder selection
File Numbering: (1) Continuous numbering, (2) Auto reset, (3) Manual reset
Processing Parameters: Standard parameters plus up to three custom processing
parameter sets and monochrome can be set
Color Matrix: Five Standard types, two types that can be registered with color matrix
Backup Image Recording: Enabled (Same image recordable on CF Card
Interface: USB 2.0 Hi-Speed, NTSC/PAL for video output
Settings: Auto, Preset (Daylight, Shade, Cloudy/Twilight/Sunset, Tungsten Light, White
Fluorescent Light, Flash), Manual (Custom, Color Temperature)
Auto White Balance: Auto White Balance with the image sensor
Color Temperature Compensation: White balance bracketing: ±3 stops in full-stop
increments White Balance Correction: Blue/Amber bias +/- 9 levels
Compensation: Magenta/Green bias +/- 9 levels Blue/Amber bias and Magenta/Green
bias cannot be set together during White Balance Bracketing.
Type: Eye-level SLR with fixed pentamirror
Coverage: Approx. 96% horizontally and vertically (coverage against JPEG Large)
Magnification: 0.71x (-1 diopter with 50mm lens at infinity)
Eyepoint: 20mm
Built-in Dioptric Adjustment: -3.0 to +1.0 diopter
Focusing Screen: Interchargeable (3 types), Standard focusing screen: Ee-A Quick-return
half mirror (Transmission: reflection ratio of 40:60, no mirror
cut-off with EF 600mm f/4 or shorter lens)
Mirror: Quick-return half mirror (transmittance: reflectance ratio of 40:60)
Viewfinder Information: AF (AF points, focus confirmation light), Exposure (shutter
speed, aperture, spot metering circle, exposure level, AE lock, exposure compensation,
AEB level), Flash (flash ready, red-eye reduction lamp on, high-speed sync, FE lock, FEB
shooting, flash exposure compensation, insufficient flash warning during FE lock), White
balance correction, Maximum burst, CF card full warning, CF card error warning, No CF
card warning
Depth-of-Field Preview: Enabled with depth-of-field preview button
Eyepiece Shutter: None (eyepiece cover provided on strap)
Type: TTL-CT-SIR AF-dedicated CMOS Sensor
AF Points: 9 AF points (plus 6 invisible Supplemental AF points)
AF Working Range: EV -0.5-18 (at ISO 100 at 68°F/20°C)
Focusing Modes: Autofocus (One-Shot AF, Predictive AI Servo AF, AI Focus AF (automatic
switching between One-Shot/Predictive AI Servo AF)), Manual Focus (MF)
AF Point Selection: Manual selection, Automatic selection
Selected AF Point Display: Superimposed in viewfinder and indicated on LCD monitorl
AF-assist Beam: Emitted by the dedicated Speedlite
Metering Modes: Max. aperture TTL metering with 35-zone SPC
(1) Evaluative metering (link to all AF points)
(2) Partial metering (approx. 8% of viewfinder)
(3) Spot metering (approx. 3.5% of viewfinder)
(4) Center-weighted average metering
Metering Range: EV 1–20 (at 68°F/20°C with 50mm f/1.4 lens, ISO 100)
Exposure Control Systems: Program AE (Shiftable), Shutter speed-priority AE,
Aperture-priority AE, Full Auto, E-TTL II autoflash program AE, Manual, Manual Exposure
ISO Speed Range: Equivalent to ISO 100–1600 (in 1/3-stop increments), ISO speed can
be expanded to ISO 50 and 3200
Exposure Compensation: (1) Manual, (2) AEB (Auto Exposure Bracketing) Bracketing
range: ±2 stops in 1/2- or 1/3-stop increments
AE Lock: Auto: Applied in One-Shot AF mode with evaluative metering when focus is
achieved Manual: By AE lock button
Type: Vertical-travel, mechanical, focal-plane shutter with all speeds electronicallycontrolled
Shutter Speeds: 1/8000 to 30 sec. (1/3-stop increments), X-sync at 1/200 sec.
Shutter Release: Soft-touch electromagnetic release
Self-Timer: 10 sec. or 2 sec. delay
Remote Control: Remote control with N3 type terminal
EOS-dedicated Speedlite: E-TTL II autoflash with EX-series Speedlite
PC Terminal: Provided
Drive Modes: Single, Continuous (approx. 3 fps), Self-timer
Continuous Shooting Speed: Approx. 3 fps (at 1/250 sec. or faster for all recording
quality settings)
Max. Burst: JPEG: approx. 60 frames (JPEG/Large), RAW: approx. 17 frames, JPEG+RAW:
approx. 12 frames
Type: TFT color liquid-crystal monitor Monitor Size 2.5 in.
Pixels: Approx. 230,000
Coverage: 100% for JPEG images
Brightness Adjustment: 5 levels provided
Image Display Format: Single image, 9-image index, Magnified zoom (approx. 1.5x to
10x), Auto play, Auto play right after shooting
Highlight Alert: In the single image (INFO) mode, the highlight portions containing no
image information will blink
Protection: A single image can be protected or unprotected
Erase: A single image or all images stored in a CF card can be erased if they are
Menu Categories: (1) Shooting (2) Playback (3) Setup
LCD Monitor Language: 15 (English, German, French, Dutch, Danish, Finnish, Italian,
Norwegian, Swedish, Spanish, Russian, Simplified/Traditional Chinese, Korean,
Firmware Update: Enabled by the user
Battery: One Battery Pack BP-511A/BP-514/BP-511/ BP-512
Shooting Capacity: Approx. 800 (68°F/20°C), approx. 400 ((32°F/0°C)
* The above figures apply when a fully-charged Battery Pack BP-511A is used.
Battery Check: Automatic
Power Saving: Provided. Power turns off after 1, 2, 4, 8, 15, 30 min.
Back-up Battery: One CR2016 Lithium Battery
Dimensions (W x H x D): 6.0 x 4.4 x 3.0 in./152 x 113 x 75mm
Weight: 28.6 oz./810g (Body only. Battery: 2.9 oz./82g)
Working Temperature Range: 32–104°F/0–40°C
Working Humidity: 85% or less
• All the specifications above are based on Canon’s testing and measuring standards. Shooting Capacity data complies with
CIPA standard.
• The camera’s specifications and physical appearance are subject to change without notice.
Microsoft and Windows are registered trademarks of the Microsoft Corporation in the United States and/or other countries.
Macintosh is a registered trademark or trademark of Apple Computer Inc. in the Unites States and/or other countries.
CompactFlash is a trademark of the SanDisk Corporation. Microdrive is a trademark of the IBM Corporation. Adobe Photoshop
is a registered trademark of Adobe Systems Incorporated and its
subsidiaries in each country. The other product and brand names appearing in this brochure are trademarks or registered
trademarks of their respective owners.
TFT monitor images shown in this brochure are simulated.
The Canon EOS 5D Digital SLR is an extraordinary product. It has very high resolution,
modest dimensions and weight, remarkable ease of use, great accuracy, high-quality
construction and a superior software package. With the exception of EF-S lenses, it
enjoys essentially complete compatibility with the Canon EOS system, the overwhelming
choice of professionals everywhere. At an estimated selling price of $3,2994, it has no
rival, no competitor, no challenger.
The EOS 5D model will appeal to an enormous range of photographers. Landscape and
nature photographers, both amateur and professional, will love the 12.8 megapixel
resolution and the camera’s backcountry maneuverability. Wedding and portrait photographers will appreciate the resolution of group shots as well as the camera’s size and
weight and its full frame sensor. Then, there are many photographers who have been
dedicated to film and have postponed the purchase of a DSLR. They’ve waited for a time
when there would be no sacrifice in quality tied to the film-to-digital switch. They will
surely see that the EOS 5D model is the camera they have been waiting for. Everyone
will be amazed by the value that the EOS 5D Digital SLR represents.
One of the interesting parts of the success of the EOS 20D model has been how many of
them are used regularly by professionals. For an estimated selling price below $1,500,
pros have a 685-gram camera with a magnesium alloy body, a stainless steel chassis,
8-megapixel resolution and 5 fps speed. For many of them, 1-Series weight or expense
is a substantial negative. The combination of the EOS 20D and the 5D cameras make an
ideal pairing for many of these professionals: a common interface making switching
back and forth intuitive and error-free, a choice of high quality or high speed, as
required, a camera bag that’s easy on the back, shoulders and neck and a total cost that
shooters, spouses and accountants will all approve of.
So, Canon has hit another home run. The combination of great design and manufacturing expertise with obvious marketing savvy has produced a camera that stands alone in
an entirely new and exceptionally appealing class. It is the world’s first Premium DSLR.
Actual selling price will be set by dealers and may vary.
Contents ©2005 by Canon U.S.A., Inc. All Rights Reserved. Excerpts from this material may be quoted in
published product reviews and articles. For further information, please contact Canon U.S.A., Inc. Public Relations Dept.,
(516) 328-5000.
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