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Seanix Gatineau Specifications
Gatineau
Motherboard
Reference Manual
Version 1.0
USER’S NOTICE
No part of this product, including the product and software, may be reproduced,
transmitted, transcribed, stored in a retrieval system or translated into any language in
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(Canada) Inc. (herein after referred to as Seanix) except documentation kept by the
purchaser for backup purposes.
Seanix provides this manual "as is" without warranty of any kind, either express or
implied, including but not limited to the implied warranties or conditions of
merchantability or fitness for a particular purpose. In no event shall Seanix be liable for
any loss or profits, loss of business, loss of use or data, interruption of business, or for
indirect, special, incidental, or consequential damages of any kind? even if Seanix has
been advised of the possibility of such damages arising from any defect or error in this
manual or product. Seanix may revise this manual from time to time without notice.
Products mentioned in this manual are mentioned for identification purposes only.
Product names appearing in this manual may or may not be registered trademarks or
copyrights of their respective companies.
The product name and revision number are both printed on the board itself. Manual
revisions are released for each design represented by the digit before and after the
period and for manual updates represented by the third digit in the manual revision
number. For updated BIOS, drivers, or product release information you may visit
Seanix’ home page at: http://www.seanix.com
Copyright ©1999 Seanix Technology (Canada) Inc. All rights reserved.
Trademarks
Seanix makes no warranty of any kind with regard to this material, including, but not
limited to, the implied warranties of merchantability and fitness for a particular purpose.
Seanix assumes no responsibility for any errors that may appear in this document.
Seanix makes no commitment to update nor to keep current the information contained
in this document. No part of this document may be copied or reproduced in any form or
by any means without prior written consent of Seanix.


Pentium and Celeron are registered trademarks of the Intel Corporation.
Microsoft is a registered trademark of the Microsoft Corporation.
Windows is a registered trademark of the Microsoft Corporation.
Third-party brands and trademarks are the property of their respective owners.
Copyright  1999, Seanix.
2
Contents
1.Product Description ...................................................................................................5
Features of the Gatineau Motherboard........................................................................5
Motherboard Layout.....................................................................................................7
Central Processing Unit ...............................................................................................8
Memory ........................................................................................................................8
Chipset.......................................................................................................................10
Super I/O Controller ...................................................................................................13
BIOS System Support................................................................................................15
Expansion Slots .........................................................................................................17
Hardware Monitor ......................................................................................................17
Onboard LAN (Optional) ............................................................................................18
Onboard Sound (Optional).........................................................................................18
Wake On LAN Header (WOL)....................................................................................19
Front Panel Connector...............................................................................................19
CD Audio in Connector ..............................................................................................19
Fan Connectors .........................................................................................................20
Main Power Connector ..............................................................................................20
Management Extension Hardware.............................................................................20
LS-120 Support..........................................................................................................21
System Security .........................................................................................................21
3
2.Installation and Settings ..........................................................................................22
Jumper Settings .........................................................................................................22
CPU Installation .........................................................................................................25
System Memory Installation.......................................................................................27
Battery Replacement .................................................................................................28
Expansion Card Installation .......................................................................................28
3.Using the BIOS Setup Program...............................................................................30
Standard CMOS Setup ..............................................................................................32
BIOS Features Setup.................................................................................................34
Chipset Features Setup .............................................................................................37
Power Management Setup ........................................................................................40
PNP/PCI Configuration ..............................................................................................43
Integrated Peripherals................................................................................................44
Load BIOS Defaults ...................................................................................................46
Load Setup Defaults ..................................................................................................46
Auto-Detect Hard Disks .............................................................................................46
Supervisor Password and User Password settings ...................................................46
IDE HDD Auto Detection............................................................................................46
Save and Exit Setup ..................................................................................................46
Exit Without Saving....................................................................................................46
Upgrading the BIOS...................................................................................................47
4.Error and Information Messages ............................................................................48
5.Glossary ....................................................................................................................51
6. Specifications ..........................................................................................................54
4
1.Product Description
Pentium® Processor-based ATX motherboard
The Gatineau Motherboard is an innovative, high performance ATX platform for the
Celeron, Pentium® II and Pentium III processors - giving you the performance needed
for today’s Windows based business applications and providing performance for
tomorrow’s even more advanced software.
The Accelerated Graphics Port (AGP) is a graphics controller bus, freeing system
resources to quickly move memory-intensive graphics data in and out of system
memory. This enables a new level of sophisticated lifelike 3-D graphics with higher
speeds and resolutions than previously possible. Off-loading bandwidth-intensive
graphics from the PCI bus also contributes to an increase in overall system
performance.
Features of the Gatineau Motherboard
•
ATX form factor of 300mm x 207mm.
Microprocessor:
•
Single Intel Celeron, Pentium II or Pentium III processor
•
100MHz and 66MHz host bus speeds
•
All current processor speeds, voltages, and bus frequencies
•
Slot 1 connector
Main memory:
•
Three 168-pin DIMM sockets
•
Supports up to 768 MB of synchronous DRAM (SDRAM) memory
•
Error checking and correcting (ECC)
•
Intel 82443BX peripheral controller (PAC)
•
Integrated PCI bus mastering controller
•
Integrated Accelerated Graphics Port (A.G.P.) controller
•
Intel 82371EB PCI ISA IDE Xcelerator (PIIX4E)
•
Supports up to four IDE drives or devices
•
Multifunction PCI-to-ISA bridge
•
Universal Serial Bus (USB) and DMA controllers
•
Two fast IDE interfaces
•
Power management logic
5
•
Real-time clock
I/O features:
•
National Semiconductor PC87351
•
Integrates standard I/O functions
•
Two USB ports
•
Seven expansion slots:
One AGP slot
Three PCI slots
One shared PCI/ISA slot
One ISA slot
Other features:
•
AWARD BIOS
•
Plug and Play compatible
•
Advanced Power Management (APM) 1.2
•
Advanced Configuration and Power Interface (ACPI) 1.0
6
Motherboard Layout
Keyboard
PS/2 port
Fan2
27
Slot 1
connector
Parallel port
(printer port LPT1)
Floppy
1
Serial port
(COM1)
Chassis Intrusion
ATX
Power
connector
Fan1
Mouse
PS/2 port
Speaker
WOR
Reset
Line-Out
Line-In
Joystick / MIDI
connector
Mic
DIMM
sockets
JP8
J30
Power LED
Front panel connectors
Intel
AGPset
Primary IDE
LAN
connector
Secondary IDE
USB
ports
2
Serial port
(COM2)
HDD LED
InfraRed
AGP
J31
Sleep
Power on
CPU jumpers
J29
1
JP9
JP10
WOL
ES1373
ISA
Intel
PCIset
Battery
PCI
JP2
JP1
✏NOTE
This motherboard outlines with full-feature on-board sound & on-board Lan.
Components shown do not come on all Gatineau motherboard.
7
Central Processing Unit
This motherboard is designed to operate with a single Intel Celeron, Pentium® II, or
Pentium® III processor. The processor’s VID pins automatically program the voltage
regulator on the motherboard to the required processor voltage. In addition, the front
side bus speed (100 MHz and 66 MHz) is automatically selected.

The Inte l processors include the following features:
•
Intel's highest performance processor, combining the power of the Intel Pentium® III
processor with the capabilities of MMX™ technology and new Katmai instructions.
•
Takes advantage of the same high-performance Dual Independent Bus architecture
used in the Intel Pentium III processor for high bandwidth and performance.
•
Single Edge Contact (S.E.C.) cartridge packaging technology delivers high
performance processing and bus technology to mainstream systems. The cartridge
includes the processor core, second-level cache, thermal plate, and back cover.
•
Optimized for 32-bit applications running on advanced operating systems.
•
Data integrity and reliability features include system bus ECC, Fault Analysis,
Recovery, and Functional Redundancy Checking.
Memory
The motherboard has three dual inline memory module (DIMM) sockets. Synchronous
DRAM (SDRAM) can be installed in any of the 3 sockets. EDO DIMMs are not
supported. Minimum memory size is 16 MB; maximum memory size is 768 MB. Memory
size can vary between sockets.
The motherboard supports the following memory features:
•
168-pin DIMMs
•
100 or 66 MHz SDRAM
•
Non-ECC (64-bit) and ECC (72-bit) memory
•
3.3 V memory only
•
Single- or double-sided DIMMs in the following sizes:
DIMM Size
Non-ECC Configuration
ECC Configuration
16 MB
2 Mbit x 64
2 Mbit x 72
32 MB
4 Mbit x 64
4 Mbit x 72
64 MB
8 Mbit x 64
8 Mbit x 72
128 MB
16 Mbit x 64
16 Mbit x 72
256 MB
32 Mbit x 64
32 Mbit x 72
8
✏NOTE
Processors with 100 MHz front-side bus should be paired only with 100 MHz SDRAM.
Processors with 66 MHz front side bus can be paired with either 66 MHz or 100 MHz
SDRAM.
SDRAM
Synchronous DRAM (SDRAM) improves memory performance through memory access
that is synchronous with the memory clock. This simplifies the timing design and
increases memory speed because all timings are dependent on the number of memory
clock cycles.
✏NOTE
All memory components and DIMMs used with this motherboard must comply with the
PC SDRAM specifications. These include the PC SDRAM Specification (memory
component specific), the PC Un-buffered DIMM Specification, and the PC Serial
Presence Detect Specification. You can access these documents through the Internet
at http://www.intel.com/design/pcisets/memory/
ECC Memory
ECC memory detects multiple-bit errors and corrects single-bit errors. When ECC
memory is installed, the BIOS supports both ECC and non-ECC mode. ECC mode is
enabled in the Setup program. The BIOS automatically detects if ECC memory is
installed and provides the Setup option for selecting ECC mode. If any non-ECC
memory is installed, the Setup option for ECC configuration does not appear and ECC
operation is not available.
The following table describes the effect of using Setup to put each memory type in each
supported mode. Whenever ECC mode is selected in Setup, some performance loss
occurs.
Cache Memory
The Intel microprocessors include 32 KB (16K/16K) non-blocking level one cache and
up to 1 MB unified, non-blocking level two cache on the substrate in the Single Edge
Connector (S.E.C.) cartridge. The size of level two cache varies between the Intel
Celeron, Pentium II and Pentium III processors, it could be 0KB, 128KB, 256KB or
512 KB.
9
Chipset
The Intel 440BX PCIset includes a Host-PCI bridge integrated with both an optimized
DRAM controller and an Accelerated Graphics Port (A.G.P.) interface. The I/O
subsystem of the 440BX is based on the PIIX4E, which is a highly integrated PCIISA/IDE Accelerator Bridge. This chipset consists of the Intel 82443BX PCI/A.G.P.
controller (PAC) and the Intel 82371EB PCI/ISA IDE Xcelerator (PIIX4E) bridge chip.
Intel 82443BX PCI/A.G.P. controller (PAC)
The PAC provides bus-control signals, address paths, and data paths for transfers
between the processor’s host bus, PCI bus, Accelerated Graphics Port (A.G.P.), and
main memory. The PAC comes in a 492-pin BGA package and features:
•
Processor interface control
Support for processor host bus frequencies of 100 MHz or 66 MHz
32-bit addressing
Desktop Optimized GTL+ compliant host bus interface
•
Integrated DRAM controller, with support for:
+3.3 V only DIMM DRAM configurations
Up to four double sided DIMMs
Synchronous 100-MHz or 66-MHz SDRAM
SDRAM 64-bit data interface with ECC support
•
A.G.P. interface
Complies with the A.G.P. specification (see Section 6.2 for specification
information)
Support for +3.3 V PCI-66, A.G.P.-66/133 devices
Synchronous coupling to the host-bus frequency
•
PCI bus interface
Complies with the PCI specification Rev 2.1, +5 V 33 MHz interface
Asynchronous coupling to the host-bus frequency
PCI parity generation support
Data streaming support from PCI-to-DRAM
Support for concurrent host, A.G.P., and PCI transactions to main memory
•
Data buffering
DRAM write buffer with read-around-write capability
Dedicated host-to-DRAM, PCI0-to-DRAM, and PCI1/A.G.P.-to-DRAM read buffers
A.G.P. dedicated inbound/outbound FIFOs (133/66 MHz), used for temporary data
storage
10
•
Power management functions
Support for system suspend/resume (DRAM and power-on suspend)
Compliant with ACPI power management
•
SMBus support for desktop management functions
•
Support for system management mode (SMM)
Intel 82371EB PCI ISA IDE Xcelerator (PIIX4E)
The PIIX4 is a multifunction PCI device implementing the PCI-to-ISA bridge, PCI IDE
functionality, Universal Serial Bus (USB) host/hub function, and enhanced power
management. The PIIX4E comes in a 324-pin package that features:
•
Multifunction PCI-to-ISA bridge
Support for the PCI bus at 33 MHz
Complies with the PCI specification (see Section 6.2 for specification information)
Full ISA bus support
•
USB controller
Two USB ports (see Section 6.2 for specification information)
Support for legacy keyboard and mouse
Support for UHCI interface (see Section 6.2 for specification information)
•
Integrated dual-channel enhanced IDE interface
Support for up to four IDE devices
PIO Mode 4 transfers at up to 16 MB/sec
Support for Ultra DMA/33 synchronous DMA mode transfers up to 33 MB/sec
Bus master mode with an 8 x 32-bit buffer for bus master PCI IDE burst transfers
•
Enhanced DMA controller
Two 8237-based DMA controllers
Support for PCI DMA with three PC/PCI channels and distributed DMA protocols
•
Interrupt controller based on 82C59
Support for 15 interrupts
Programmable for edge/level sensitivity
•
Power management logic
Sleep/resume logic
Support for wake-on-modem, Wake on LAN technology, and wake on PME
Support for ACPI (see Section 6.2 for specification information)
•
Real-time Clock
11
256-byte battery-backed CMOS SRAM
Includes date alarm
•
16-bit counters/timers based on 82C54
Accelerated Graphics Port (A.G.P.)
The Accelerated Graphics Port (A.G.P.) is a high-performance interface for graphicintensive applications, such as 3D applications. A.G.P. is independent of the PCI bus
and is intended for exclusive use with graphical-display devices. A.G.P. provides these
performance features:
•
Pipelined-memory read and write operations that hide memory access latency.
•
De-multiplexing of address and data on the bus for near 100 percent bus efficiency.
•
AC timing for 133 MHz data transfer rates, allowing data throughput of
500MBYTES/sec.
•
A.G.P. complies with the 66 MHz PCI specification.
Universal Serial Bus (USB)
The motherboard has two USB ports; one USB peripheral can be connected to each
port. For more than two USB devices, an external hub can be connected to either port.
The motherboard fully supports the universal host controller interface (UHCI) and uses
UHCI-compatible software drivers. USB features include:
•
Self-identifying peripherals that can be plugged in while the computer is running.
•
Automatic mapping of function to driver and configuration.
•
Supports isonchronous and asynchronous transfer types over the same set of wires.
•
Supports up to 127 physical devices.
•
Guaranteed bandwidth and low latencies appropriate for telephony, audio, and other
applications.
•
Error-handling and fault-recovery mechanisms built into the protocol.
IDE Support
The motherboard has two independent bus-mastering PCI IDE interfaces. These
interfaces support PIO Mode 3, PIO Mode 4, ATAPI devices (e.g., CD-ROM), and Ultra
DMA/33 synchronous-DMA mode transfers. The BIOS supports logical block
addressing (LBA) and extended cylinder head sector (ECHS) translation modes. The
BIOS automatically detects the IDE device transfer rate and translation mode.
Programmed I/O operations usually require a substantial amount of processor
bandwidth. However, in multitasking operating systems, the bandwidth freed by bus
mastering IDE can be devoted to other tasks while disk transfers are occurring.
12
The motherboard also supports laser servo (LS-120) drives. LS-120 technology allows
the user to perform read/write operations to LS-120 (120 MB) and conventional 1.44
MB and 720 KB diskettes. An optical servo system is used to precisely position a dualgap head to access the diskette’s 2,490 tracks per inch (tpi) containing up to 120 MB of
data storage. A conventional diskette uses 135 tpi for 1.44 MB of data storage.
LS-120 drives are ATAPI-compatible and connect to the motherboard’s IDE interface.
(LS-120 drives are also available with SCSI and parallel port interfaces.) Some versions
of Windows 95 and Windows NT operating systems recognize the LS-120 drive as a
bootable device in both 120 MB and 1.44 MB mode.
Connection of an LS-120 drive and a standard 3.5-inch diskette drive is allowed. The
LS-120 drive can be configured as a boot device if selected in the Setup program.
Real-Time Clock, CMOS RAM and Battery
The real-time clock is compatible with DS1287 and MC146818 components. The clock
provides a time-of-day clock and a multi-century calendar with alarm features and
century rollover. The real-time clock supports 256 bytes of battery-backed CMOS
SRAM in two banks that are reserved for BIOS use.
The time, date, and CMOS values can be specified in the Setup program. The CMOS
values can be returned to their defaults by using the Setup program.
An external coin-cell battery powers the real-time clock and CMOS content. When the
computer is not plugged into a wall socket, the battery has an estimated life of three
years. When the computer is plugged in, the 3.3 V standby current from the power
supply extends the life of the battery.
Super I/O Controller
The motherboard uses the NSC PC87351 controller which features:
•
Single diskette drive interface
•
ISA Plug-and-Play compatible register set
•
Two serial ports
•
FIFO support on both serial and diskette interfaces
•
One parallel port with ECP and EPP support
•
PS/2 style mouse and keyboard interfaces
•
Intelligent auto power management, including:
Shadowed write-only registers for ACPI compliance
Programmable wake-up event interface
The Setup program provides configuration options for the I/O controller.
13
Serial Ports
The motherboard has two 9-pin D-Sub serial port connectors located on the back panel.
The NS16C550-compatible UARTs support data transfers at speeds up to
115.2Kbits/sec with BIOS support.
Parallel Ports
The connector for the multi-mode bi-directional parallel port is a 25-pin D-Sub connector
located on the back panel of the motherboard. In the Setup program, there are four
options for parallel port operation:
•
Compatible (standard mode)
•
Bi-directional
•
Bi-directional Enhanced Parallel Port (EPP). A driver from the peripheral
manufacturer is required for operation.
•
Bi-directional high-speed Extended Capabilities Port (ECP)
Floppy disk Controller
In the Setup program, the floppy interface can be configured for the following floppy
drive capacities and sizes:
•
360 KB, 5.25-inch
•
1.2 MBYTES, 5.25-inch
•
720 KB, 3.5-inch
•
1.44 MBYTES, 3.5-inch
•
2.88 MBYTES, 3.5-inch
Keyboard and Mouse Interface
PS/2 keyboard and mouse connectors are located on the back panel. The 5 V lines to
these connectors are protected with a PolySwitch† circuit that, like a self-healing fuse,
re-establishes the connection after an over-current condition is removed.
Power to the computer should be turned off before a keyboard or mouse is connected
or disconnected.
The keyboard controller also supports the hot-key sequence <Ctrl><Alt><Del> for a
software reset. This key sequence resets the computer’s software by jumping to the
beginning of the BIOS code and running the Power-On Self Test (POST).
Infrared Support
On the front panel I/O connector (pins 6-11), there are six pins that support Hewlett
Packard HSDL-1000 compatible infrared (IR) transmitters and receivers. In the Setup
program, Serial Port 2 can be directed to a connected IR device. The connection can
14
be used to transfer files to or from portable devices like laptops, PDAs, and printers.
The Infrared Data Association (IrDA) specification supports data transfers of up to 115
Kbaud at a distance of 1 meter.
BIOS System Support
BIOS, an acronym for Basic Input Output System, acts as the first link between
hardware and software in coordinating the startup configuration of computers. Plug and
play ready, AWARD BlOS automatically configures the computer’s hard drives, disk
drives, processors, chipsets, memory, and boot-up of the operating system.
The system BIOS, from AWARD, provides ISA PnP and PCI PnP compatibility. The
BIOS is contained in a flash memory device. The BIOS provides the power-on self test
(POST), the system Setup program, a PCI and IDE auto-configuration.
The system BIOS is always shadowed. Shadowing allows any BIOS routines to be
executed from fast 32-bit onboard DRAM instead of from the slower 8-bit flash device.
1. Plug and Play Rev 1.0A support.
2. Boot Block Protection.
3. Auto detects Pipeline Burst SRAM and Cache size, IDE mode type and size.
4. Supports APM 1.2.
5. Supports DMI 2.0.
6. Supports USB.
7. Supports Booting from a Floppy drive, IDE device, CD-ROM, SCSI, Floptical or
Network.
8. 1MBYTES/2MBYTES flash EEPROM for easy BIOS upgrade.
PCI IDE
1. “Ultra DMA/33” Synchronous DMA IDE support.
2. Meets Microsoft requirement for PC97/PC98.
3. Fully compatible with PCI spec.V2.1.
4. Supports PCI Bus Mastering.
5. Supports Mode 3 and Mode 4 for Enhanced IDE specification.
6. Supports Multi-word DMA mode 0,1,2.
7. Supports PCI burst Read/Write.
8. Supports Primary and Secondary IDE for a total of 4 drives.
9. IDE CD-ROM support.
15
PCI Auto-configuration
The PCI auto-configuration works in conjunction with the Setup program to support
using PCI add-in boards in the system. When you turn on the system power after
installing a PCI board, the BIOS automatically configures interrupts, DMA channels, I/O
space, and so on. Since PCI add-in boards use the same interrupt resources as ISA
add-in boards, you must specify the interrupts used by non PnP ISA boards in the
Setup program. Chapter 3 tells how to use the Setup program. The PCI autoconfiguration program complies with version 2.1 of the PCI BIOS specification.
IDE Auto-configuration
When an IDE drive is installed in the system, the IDE auto-configuration function
automatically detects and configures the drive for operation in the system. This function
eliminates the need to enter the Setup program after you install an IDE drive.
ISA Plug and Play Capability
This provides auto-configuration of Plug and Play ISA cards and resource management
for legacy (non Plug and Play) ISA cards.
Universal Serial Bus (USB) Support
The USB technology enables users to quickly and easily attach and reconfigure a wide
range of peripheral devices, from keyboards to printers to telephony devices. With
comprehensive support for both USB host controllers and USB devices, AWARD BIOS
offers the ability to fully utilize USB technology. The motherboard features two USB
ports as a factory installed option. The ports permit the direct connection of two USB
peripherals without an external hub. If more devices are required, an external hub can
be connected to either of the built-in ports This motherboard fully supports the standard
Universal Host Controller Interface (UHCI) and uses standard software drivers that are
UHCI compatible. Features of the USB include:
•
Self-identifying, hot pluggable peripherals.
•
Automatic Mapping of function to driver and configuration.
•
Support for Isochronous and Asynchronous transfer types over the same set of
wires.
•
Support for up to 127 physical devices.
•
Guaranteed bandwidth and low latencies appropriate for telephony, audio, and other
applications.
Error handling and fault recovery mechanisms built into protocol.
16
BIOS Upgrades
Because the BIOS is stored in a flash memory device, you can easily upgrade the BIOS
without having to disassemble the system. The flash upgrade process can be done by
running a utility from a diskette or hard disk, or over a network.
WARNING
For information about the latest BIOS update for the Gatineau, contact your
service representative.
Expansion Slots
This motherboard has two 16-bit ISA slots, four PCI expansion slots and one AGP slot.
PCI Slots:
The PCI bus transfers data at 132 MB/second. Part of the reason for high transfer rates
is the PCI bus can operate concurrently with the processor bus; it doesn’t override it.
The CPU can be processing data in an external cache while the PCI bus is busy
transferring information between other parts of the system. Another key feature of the
PCI bus is it’s plug and play capabilities. This eliminates the need for jumper and dip
switches for configuring a PCI card.
The PCI slots on the Gatineau motherboard are numbered 1-4, with 1 being closest to
the AGP slot. All PCI slots are fully functional bus-mastering slots.
PCI 1:
This slot shares the PCI Interrupt used by the AGP slot.
PCI 2:
This slot shares the PCI Interrupt used by the integrated on-board sound
PCI 3:
This slot shares the PCI interrupt used by the integrated on-board LAN.
PCI 4:
This slot does not share the PCI interrupt with any slots and on-board devices.
Hardware Monitor
The optional hardware monitor subsystem provides the instrumentation capabilities.
The features of the hardware monitor subsystem include:
•
Support for an optional chassis intrusion sensor or mechanical switch.
•
An integrated ambient temperature sensor.
17
•
Fan speed sensors, which monitor the fan 1 and fan 2 connectors (see motherboard
layout for the location of these connectors).
•
Power supply voltage monitoring to detect levels above or below acceptable values.
When suggested ratings for temperature, fan speed, or voltage are exceeded, an
interrupt is activated. The hardware monitor component connects to the SMBUS.
Onboard LAN (Optional)
The optional onboard LAN for the Gatineau motherboard is driven by the Intel 82559
chipset. The Intel82559 is a 10/100 MBps PCI Ethernet LAN Controller. It automatically
detects between 10 Base-T or 100 Base-TX Fast Ethernet connections. This function is
a manufacturing option, if it is not installed the JP3 jumper will also NOT be installed.
The LAN LEDs which are mounted next to the LAN connector indicate the following:
Yellow LED (Speed)
On status indicates a 100 MBps connection.
Off status indicates a 10 MBps connection.
Green LED (ACT/LINK)
Indicates there is activity on the LAN.
Indicates if the LAN cable is connected (linked).
Remote reset capabilities are possible from a remote peer or server using the LANDesk
Client Manager and service layers (when available)
Onboard Sound (Optional)
The onboard sound is powered by the Creative Ensoniq AudioPCI ES1373 chipset. For
music playback, the Ensoniq synthesis engine provides 32 voices of great wave-table
sounds. Now the instruments sound just like their real life counterparts, not a poor
facsimile. Utilizing the PCI bus, the Ensoniq AudioPCI uses far less CPU overhead than
traditional sound cards. This equates to better performance in multimedia titles and
terrific audio quality with very little processor usage.
It supports three rear jacks and three connectors on the motherboard. Refer to the
layout diagram for the location of each one.
Rear jacks:
Line-in
Line-out
Microphone
Joystick/MIDI connector
Motherboard connectors:
CD audio input – J29 (green connector)
18
Wake On LAN Header (WOL)
The WOL header is used to implement the Wake on LAN feature when the onboard
LAN is not installed. Connect this header to a PCI LAN adapter that supports the Wake
on LAN feature. The adapter monitors network traffic. When the adapter detects a
‘Magic Packet’, it asserts a signal through the Wake on LAN header to wake up the
computer. This signal can wake up the computer only when the AC power cord is still
plugged into the wall socket and the computer is turned off using the Standby Power
button.
Note: WOL requires an ATX power supply that can supply 720 mA current at the
5V standby output.
Front Panel Connector
PWR ON
Pins 1 & 2, connected to Standby Power On/Off Switch via twisted
pair cable.
SLEEP
Pins 3 & 4, connected to Sleep Switch via twisted pair cable
(orange/white).
INFRARED
Pins 6-11, not currently used.
HD LED
Pins 15 & 16, connected to the HDD LED via twisted pair cable
(red/white).
PWR LED
Pins 18 & 20, connected to the Power LED via twisted pair cable
(white/green respectively).
RESET
Pins 22 & 23, connected to Reset Switch via twisted pair cable
(orange/white).
SPEAKER
Pins 24, & 27, connected to the case speaker via twisted pair cable
(red/black).
10
20
1
PWR ON SLP
27
INFRARED
HDD LED
PWR LED
RST
SPEAKER
CD Audio in Connector
The CD audio in connector, J29, is connected to the audio output of the CD-ROM.
19
Fan Connectors
Two fan connectors are provided, Fan 1 is recommended for the CPU heat-sink fan,
Fans 2 can be used for any other case or heat-sink fan, however fan 2 does not have
the fan speed monitoring capability.
The pin assignment for these connectors are as follows:
Pin 1 – Ground.
Pin 2 - +12V.
Pin 3 – Sensor
Main Power Connector
When used with an ATX-compliant power supply that supports remote power on/off, the
motherboard can turn off the system power through software control.
To enable soft-off control in software, advanced power management must be enabled
in the Setup program and in the operating system. When the system BIOS receives the
correct APM command from the operating system, the BIOS turns off power to the
computer.
With soft-off enabled, if power to the computer is interrupted by a power outage or a
disconnected power cord, when power resumes, the computer returns to the power
state it was in before power was interrupted (on or off).
Management Extension Hardware
The optional Management Extension component (Analog Device AMD9240A) provides
the instrumentation capabilities designed to reduce the total cost of owning a PC when
used with Intel LANDesk Client Manager. Feature include:
•
Integrated temperature monitoring.
•
Fan speed monitoring.
•
Power supply voltage monitoring to detect levels above or below acceptable values.
•
Registers for storing POST hardware test results and error codes.
•
Chassis Intrusion - This is carried out by the installation of a light sensitive device on
the motherboard (close to the BIOS). This will detect the presence of light if the
chassis cover is removed. Alternatively, a header (close to the BIOS) is installed on
the motherboard for the connection of a micro switch to detect chassis intrusion.
When suggested ratings for temperature, fan speed, or voltage are exceeded, an
interrupt is activated to report the status.
20
LS-120 Support
LS-120 MB Diskette technology enables users to store 120 MB of data on a single, 3.5
Inch removable diskette. LS-120 technology is backward (both read and write)
compatible with 1.44 MB and 720 KB DOS-formatted diskettes and is supported by
Windows 95/98 and Windows NT operating systems.
The Gatineau motherboard allows connection of an LS-120 compatible drive and a
standard 3.5-inch diskette drive. The LS-120 drive can be configured as a boot device,
if selected in the BIOS setup utility.
System Security
The BIOS provides Supervisor level and User level passwords that you can enable
through the Setup program.
Chassis Intrusion Detection is also available as a manufacturing option.
21
2.Installation and Settings
CAUTION
Electrostatic discharge (ESD) can damage components. Perform the procedures
described in this chapter only at an ESD workstation. If such a station is not
available, you can provide some ESD protection by wearing an anti-static wrist
strap and attaching it to a metal part of the computer.
Jumper Settings
The motherboard contains configuration jumpers that make it possible to change the
system configuration. Normally, the only time you will ever change a jumper is if you
need to:
•
Change the system operating speed
•
Clear CMOS
•
Clear Password
•
Change the Onboard LAN Power Supply voltage source
✏NOTE
A jumper is a small plastic-encased conductor that slips over jumper pins. To change a
jumper setting, use a pair of fine needle-nosed pliers to remove the jumper from its
current location and slide it onto the new pins to obtain the desired setting.
CAUTION
Do not squeeze the pliers or other tool you use to remove a jumper, or you might bend
or break the pins.
CPU Speed Setting
66 MHz bus:
JP3
JP4
JP5
JP6
266 MHz
OFF
ON
ON
ON
300 MHz
OFF
ON
OFF
ON
333 MHz
OFF
OFF
ON
ON
366 MHz
OFF
OFF
OFF
ON
400 MHz
ON
ON
ON
OFF
433 MHz
ON
ON
OFF
OFF
466 MHz
ON
OFF
ON
OFF
22
100 MHz bus:
JP3
JP4
JP5
JP6
350 MHz
ON
OFF
OFF
ON
400 MHz
OFF
ON
ON
ON
450 MHz
OFF
ON
OFF
ON
500 MHz
OFF
OFF
ON
ON
550 MHz
OFF
OFF
OFF
ON
Onboard LAN Power Supply Voltage Source – JP8:
JP8
3.3V
1-2
Standby 3.3V
2-3*
Clear CMOS – JP9:
JP9
Normal
1-2*
Clear CMOS
2-3
To clear the CMOS do the following:
•
Power down the system.
•
Remove the system cover to access the motherboard.
•
Change the setting of JP9 to 2-3 (see the motherboard layout for it’s location).
•
Turn on the system, wait until you see video and turn the system off again.
•
Change the setting of JP9 back to 1-2 (the default).
•
Replace the system cover.
•
Turn on the system and change the BIOS settings according to your preferences.
Clear Password – JP10:
JP10
Normal
1-2*
Clear Password
2-3
23
To clear the password, do the following:
•
Power down the system.
•
Remove the system cover to access the motherboard.
•
Change the setting of JP10 to 2-3 (see the motherboard layout for it’s location).
•
Turn on the system, wait until you see video and turn the system off again.
•
Change the setting of JP10 back to 1-2 (the default).
•
Replace the system cover.
Flash Device Mode Settings – JP2 and JP1:
JP2
JP1
Program Device
1-2*
1-2*
Write Protect
2-3
2-3
* = Default setting
24
CPU Installation
Upgrading the CPU
Seanix computers are equipped with Intel® CPUs only. The installation procedures
shown below are for the Intel® Pentium and Intel® Celeron processors.
Intel Pentium II, Pentium III and Celeron processors are of the modular type that
plug into a slot on the motherboard, called slot 1. Refer to the layout diagram for the
location of slot 1.
Removing a Pentium II / III Processor
1. Unplug the CPU fan connector from the motherboard.
2. Press the two locking latches inward to release the CPU from the retention module.
Slide the CPU upward and out of the retention module.
Installing a Pentium II / III Processor
1. Slide the CPU into the retention module. Press the CPU down firmly into the slot 1
until the two locking latches clip in place.
2. Connect the CPU fan plug to the Fan1 header on the motherboard (your CPU
heatsink may not have a fan).
3. Change the CPU speed jumpers on the motherboard to match the speed of CPU you
installed. The jumper settings are shown in the previous chapter.
CPU module
Locking
latch
Locking
latch
To fan header
on motherboard
Heatsink
with fan
Retention
module
Slot 1
25
Removing a Celeron Processor
1. Spread the upright sides if the retention module outwards and lift the CPU upwards
and out of the retention module.
Heat sink
CPU
Edge connector
Retention module
Installing a Celeron Processor
1. Slide the CPU into the retention module from above such that the edge connector
will slide into the slot1 connector on the motherboard.
2. Push the CPU module down firmly until the notches on the sides of the heat sink clip
into place on the retention module.
3. Change the CPU speed jumpers on the motherboard to match the speed of CPU
you installed. The jumper settings are shown in the previous chapter.
Note: It is possible that your retention module may be different to the one shown,
however the basics of removal and installation will be the same.
26
System Memory Installation
You can install from 16 MB to 768 MB of memory in the motherboard DIMM sockets.
The board has DIMM sockets arranged as banks 0, I, and 2. The motherboard supports
the following memory features:
•
168-pin SDRAM DIMMs.
•
100 MHz or 66 MHz unbuffered SDRAM DIMMs.
•
Non-ECC (64-bit) or ECC (72-bit) memory.
•
16 MB, 32 MB, 64 MB, 128 and 256 MB modules.
When adding memory, follow these guidelines:
•
You can install DIMMs in any of the three banks.
•
You can use different size DIMMs in different banks.
•
The BIOS detects the size of installed memory.
•
For ECC operation to be available, all installed memory must be ECC and you must
enable the ECC Configuration feature in the Setup program (see chapter 3).
The motherboard layout at the beginning of this manual shows the location of the DIMM
sockets. To install DIMMs, follow these steps:
1. Turn off all peripheral devices connected to the computer. Turn off the computer.
2. Remove the computer cover and locate the DIMM sockets.
3. Holding the DIMM by the edges, remove it from its anti-static package.
4. Make sure the clips at either end of the socket are pushed away from the socket.
5. Position the DIMM above the socket. Align the two small notches in the bottom edge
of the DIMM with the keys in the socket.
6. Insert the bottom edge of the DIMM into the socket.
7. When the DIMM is seated, push down on the top edge of the DIMM until the
retaining clips at the ends of the socket snap into place. Make sure the clips are firmly
in place.
Locking notch
DIMM
Locking notch
DIMM slot
Retaining clip
Retaining clip
27
8. Replace the computer cover.
9. If you installed a DIMM with ECC memory, start the computer and use the ECC
Configuration feature in Setup to enable the use of ECC.
Removing Memory
To remove a DIMM, follow these steps:
1. Gently spread the retaining clips at each end of the socket. The DIMM pops out of
the socket.
2. Hold the DIMM by the edges, lift it away from the socket, and store it in an anti-static
package.
3. Reinstall and reconnect any parts you removed or disconnected to reach the DIMM
sockets.
Battery Replacement
When your computer is turned off, a lithium battery keeps the time-of-day clock and the
values in CMOS RAM current.
The battery should last about seven years. When the battery begins to die, it loses
voltage; when the voltage drops below a certain level, the Setup program settings
stored in CMOS RAM (for example, the date and time) might not be accurate. Replace
the battery with an equivalent one.
If your local ordinances permit, you may dispose of individual batteries as normal trash.
Do not expose batteries to excessive heat or fire. Keep all batteries away from children.
CAUTION
Danger of explosion if the battery is incorrectly replaced. Replace only with the same or
equivalent type recommended by the equipment manufacturer. Discard used batteries
according to manufacturer’s instructions.
Expansion Card Installation
The computer system should be switched off and the power cord removed before
installing any expansion cards into the system. Failure to do so may cause severe
damage to both your motherboard and expansion cards.
Before installing an expansion card, read it’s documentation regarding any hardware or
software settings that may be required to set up your specific card.
•
28
Set any necessary jumpers on the expansion card.
•
Remove your computer system’s cover.
•
Identify the type of slot where the expansion card will be installed and isolate one of
the vacant slots for your card.
•
Remove the blanking bracket for that slot and retain for possible future use.
•
Carefully align the cards edge connector with the motherboard slot and press down
firmly to seat the card in the slot, a rocking motion usually makes this easier.
•
Secure the cards’ back-plate with the screw you removed earlier.
•
Replace the computer system’s cover.
•
Plug in the power cord and proceed to install any drivers or software needed for that
card.
29
3.Using the BIOS Setup Program
This chapter tells how to use the Setup program that is built into the BIOS. The Setup
program makes it possible to change configuration information (such as the types of
peripherals that are installed) and the boot-up sequence for the system. The Setup
information is stored in CMOS random access memory (RAM) and is backed up by a
battery when power is off.
Record the Setup Configuration
To make sure you have a reference to the Setup values for your system, we
recommend you to write down the current settings and keep this record up-to-date.
AWARD BIOS Setup Menu Overview
The AWARD BIOS Setup program is easy to use and can be controlled by the
keyboard. Enter the AWARD BIOS Setup main menu as follows:
1. Turn on or reboot your system.
2. When the message “Hit <DEL>, if you want to run SETUP” appears, press the
<DEL> key to enter the BIOS setup program. The CMOS Setup Utility screen, as
illustrated below, will appear.
ROM PCI/ISA BIOS (UA69KS01)
CMOS Setup Utility
AWARD Software, Inc.
Standard CMOS Setup
Hardware Monitoring
BIOS Features Setup
Integrated Peripherals
Chipset Features Setup
Supervisor Password
Power Management Setup
User Password
PNP/PCI Configuration
IDE HDD Auto Detection
Load BIOS Defaults
Save and Exit Setup
Load Setup Defaults
Exit Without Saving
ESC
: Quit
↑↓→←
: Select Item
F10
: Save & Exit Setup
(Shift) F2
: Change Color
Time, Date, Hard Disk Type …
30
Overview of the Setup Keys
The following keys have special functions in the AWARD BIOS Setup Utility.
Setup Key
Description
← → ↑ ↓
Moves to the next item to the left, right, up or down.
Esc
Main menu: Quit and not save changes into CMOS RAM.
Other pages: Exit current page and return to main menu.
PgUp
Increase the numeric value or makes changes.
PgDn
Decrease the numeric value or makes changes.
+
Increase the numeric value or makes changes.
-
Decrease the numeric value or makes changes.
F1
General help, only for Status Page Setup Menu and Option
Page Setup Menu.
F2
Change color from total 16 colors. F2 to select color
forward, Shift-F2 to select color backward.
F3
Calendar, only for Status Page Setup Menu.
F4
Reserved.
F5
Restore the previous CMOS value from CMOS, only for
Option Page Setup Menu.
F6
Load the default CMOS RAM value from BIOS default
table, only for Option Page Setup Menu.
F7
Load the default.
F8
Reserved.
F9
Reserved.
F10
Save all the CMOS changes, only for Main Menu.
31
Standard CMOS Setup
Date
(mm : dd : yy)
:
Wed, Mar 31 1999
Time
(hh : mm : ss)
:
13 : 1 : 28
HARD DISKS
TYPE
SIZE
CYLS
HEAD
PRECOMP LANDZ SECTOR MODE
Primary Master
: Auto
0
0
0
0
0
0
Auto
Primary Slave
: Auto
0
0
0
0
0
0
Auto
Secondary Master : Auto
0
0
0
0
0
0
Auto
Secondary Slave : Auto
0
0
0
0
0
0
Auto
Drive A
:
1.44M, 3.5 in.
Base Memory
:
640K
Drive B
:
None
Extended Memory
:
64512K
Other Memory
:
384K
Total Memory
:
65536K
Video
:
EGA/VGA
Halt On
:
All, But Keyboard
ESC
:
Quit
↑↓→←
F1
:
Help
(Shift) F2:Change Color
:
Select Item
PU/PD/+/- : Modify
This section describes the Setup options found on the Standard CMOS Setup menu. It
is used to set the time and date and to configure the disk drives. If you select certain
options from the main screen (e.g., Primary IDE Master), the Setup program switches to
a sub-screen for the selected option.
Date / Time
Select the Date/Time option to change the date or time. The current date and time are
displayed. Enter new values through the displayed window.
Floppy Drive A, B
Choose the Floppy Drive A or B option to specify the floppy drive type. The settings are
360 KB 5.25-inch; 1.2 MB 5.25-inch; 720 KB 3.5-inch; 1.44 MB 3.5-inch; and 2.88 MB,
3.5-inch. The default is 1.44 MB, 3.5-inch.
Primary Master, Primary Slave, Secondary Master, Secondary Slave
Choose these options to configure the hard disk drive shown in the field. When you
select an option, the following parameters are listed: Type, LBA/Large Mode, Block
32
Mode, 32Bit Mode, and PIO Mode. Use the cursor to highlight “Type” and then choose
“Auto” or other options. If you choose “Auto”, the BIOS will automatically detect the type
of HDD before booting the operating system. You can press <enter> again, then the
BIOS will show the complete parameters of HDD type.
The BlOS automatically detects the IDE drive parameters (including ATAPI CD-ROM
drives) and displays them. Click on the OK button to accept these parameters Or you
can set the parameters manually if you are absolutely certain that you know the correct
IDE drive parameters.
Click on LBA/Large Mode and choose ‘On’ to enable support for IDE drives with
capacities greater than 528 MB.
Click on Block Mode and choose ‘On’ to support IDE drives that use Block Mode.
Click on 32Bit Mode and click on ‘On’ to support IDE drives that permit 32-bit accesses.
Click on PlO Mode to select the IDE Programmed I/O mode. PIO programming also
works with ATAPI CD-ROM drives. The settings are Auto, 0, 1, 2, 3, 4, or 5. Click on
‘Auto’ to allow the BIOS to automatically find the PIO mode that the IDE drive being
configured uses. If you select 0-5 you must make absolutely certain that you are
selecting the PIO mode supported by the IDE drive being configured.
Configuring a CD-ROM Drive Select the appropriate drive icon (Pri Master, Pri Slave,
Sec Master, or Sec Slave). Choose the Type parameter and select CDROM. You can
boot the computer from a CD-ROM drive. You can also choose Auto and let the BIOS
automatically set the correct drive parameters.
33
BIOS Features Setup
Virus Warning
:
Disabled
Video BIOS Shadow
:
Enabled
CPU Internal Cache
:
Enabled
C8000-CBFFF Shadow
:
Disabled
External Cache
:
Enabled
CC000-CFFFF Shadow
:
Disabled
CPU L2 Cache ECC Checking :
Enabled
D0000-D3FFF Shadow
:
Disabled
Quick Power On Self Test
:
Disabled
D4000-D7FFF Shadow
:
Disabled
Boot From LAN First
:
Disabled
D8000-DBFFF Shadow
:
Disabled
Boot Sequence
:
A, C, SCSI
DC000-DFFFF Shadow
:
Disabled
Swap Floppy Drive
:
Disabled
Boot Up Floppy Seek
:
Enabled
Hard Disk Write Protect
:
Disabled
Floppy Disk Access Control
:
R/W
Boot Up Numlock Status
:
On
Gate A20 Option
:
Fast
Typematic Rate Setting
:
Disabled
Typematic Rate (Chars/Sec)
:
6
Typematic Delay (Msec)
:
250
Security Option
:
Setup
ESC : Quit
↑↓→←
: Select Item
PCI/VGA Palette Snoop
:
Disabled
F1
: Help
PU/PD/+/-
: Modify
OS Select For DRAM > 64MB :
Non-OS2
F5
: Old Values
(Shift) F2
: Color
HDD SMART capability
:
Enabled
F6
: Load BIOS Defaults
Report No FDD For Win 95
:
Yes
F7
: Load Setup Defaults
This section describes the options available in the BIOS Feature Setup menu which are
used to configure basic system performance parameters. If you select certain options
the setup program switches to a sub-screen for the selected option.
Virus Warning
When enabled, you receive a warning message if a program (specifically, a virus)
attempts to write to the boot sector or the partition table of the hard disk drive. You
should then run an anti-virus program. Keep in mind that this feature protects only the
boot sector, not the entire hard drive.
34
Note: Many disk diagnostic programs that access the boot sector table can
trigger the virus warning message. If you plan to run such a program, we
recommend that you first disable the virus warning.
CPU Internal Cache / External Cache
Cache memory is additional memory that is much faster than conventional DRAM.
CPUs from 486-type on up contain internal cache memory, and most, but not all,
modern PCs have additional external cache memory. When the CPU requests data, the
system transfers the requested data from the main DRAM into cache memory, for even
faster access by the CPU.
CPU L2 Cache ECC Checking
When you select Enabled, memory checking is enable when the external cache
contains ECC SRAMs.
Quick Power On Self Test
Select Enabled to reduce the amount of time required to run the power-on self-test
(POST). A quick POST skips certain steps. We recommend that you normally disable
quick POST. Better to find a problem during POST than lose data during your work.
Boot From LAN First
When Enabled, the BIOS attempts to boot from a LAN boot image before it attempts to
boot from a local storage device.
Boot Sequence
The original IBM PCs loaded the DOS operating system from drive A (floppy disk), so
IBM PC-compatible systems are designed to search for an operating system first on
drive A, and then on drive C (hard disk). However, modern computers usually load the
operating system from the hard drive, and may even load it from a CD-ROM drive.
Boot Up Floppy Seek
When Enabled, the BIOS tests (seeks) floppy drives to determine whether they have 40
or 80 tracks. Only 360-KB floppy drives have 40 tracks; drives with 720 KB, 1.2 MB,
and 1.44 MB capacity all have 80 tracks. Because very few modern PCs have 40-track
floppy drives, we recommend that you set this field to Disabled to save time.
Boot Up NumLock Status
Toggle between On or Off to control the state of the NumLock key when the system
boots. When toggled On, the numeric keypad generates numbers instead of controlling
cursor operations.
35
Swap Floppy Drive
This field is effective only in systems with two floppy drives. Selecting Enabled assigns
physical drive B to logical drive A, and physical drive A to logical drive B.
Gate A20 Option
Gate A20 refers to the way the system addresses memory above 1 MB (extended
memory). When set to Fast, the system chipset controls Gate A20. When set to Normal,
a pin in the keyboard controller controls Gate A20. Setting Gate A20 to Fast improves
system speed, particularly with OS/2 and Windows.
Typematic Rate Setting
When Disabled, the following two items (Typematic Rate and Typematic Delay) are
irrelevant. Keystrokes repeat at a rate determined by the keyboard controller in your
system. When Enabled, you can select a typematic rate and typematic delay.
Typematic Rate (Chars/Sec)
When the typematic rate setting is enabled, you can select a typematic rate (the rate at
which character repeats when you hold down a key) of 6, 8, 10,12, 15, 20, 24 or 30
characters per second.
Typematic Delay (Msec)
When the typematic rate setting is enabled, you can select a typematic delay (the delay
before key strokes begin to repeat) of 250, 500, 750 or 1000 milliseconds.
Security Option
If you have set a password, select whether the password is required every time the
System boots, or only when you enter Setup.
PCI/VGA Palette Snoop
Leave this field at Disabled.
OS Select for DRAM > 64MB
Select OS2 only if you are running OS/2 operating system with greater than 64 MB of
RAM on your system.
HDD S.M.A.R.T capability
SMART is an acronym for Self Monitoring Analysis and Reporting Technology system.
SMART is a hard drive self diagnostic feature available on some IDE hard drives.
36
Report No FDD For WIN 95
Select yes to release IRQ6 when the system contains no floppy drive, for compatibility
with Windows 95 logo certification. In the integrated peripherals screen, select Disabled
for the Onboard FDC Controller field.
Chipset Features Setup
Auto Configuration
:
Enabled
EDO DRAM Speed Selection
:
60 ns
EDO CASx# MA Wait State
:
2
EDO RASx# MA Wait State
:
2
SDRAM RAS to CAS Delay
:
3
SDRAM RAS Precharge Time :
3
SDRAM CAS Latency Time
:
3
SDRAM Precharge Control
:
Disabled
DRAM Data Integrity Mode
:
Non-ECC
System BIOS Cacheable
:
Enabled
Video BIOS Cacheable
:
Enabled
Video RAM Cacheable
:
Disabled
8 Bit I/O Recovery Time
:
1
16 Bit I/O Recovery Time
:
1
Memory Hole At 15M-16M
:
Disabled
Passive Release
:
Enabled
ESC : Quit
↑↓→←
: Select Item
Delayed Transaction
:
Disabled
F1
: Help
PU/PD/+/-
: Modify
AGP Aperture Size (MB)
:
64
F5
: Old Values
(Shift) F2
: Color
F6
: Load BIOS Defaults
F7
: Load Setup Defaults
This section describes the options available in the Chipset Feature Setup menu which
are used to configure the features specific to the chipset used on this motherboard. If
you select certain options the setup program switches to a sub-screen for the selected
option.
37
Auto Configuration
Auto Configuration selects predetermined optimal values of chipset parameters. When
Disabled, chipset parameters revert to setup information stored in CMOS. Many fields
in this screen are not available when Auto Configuration is Enabled.
EDO DRAM Speed Selection
The value in this field must correspond to the speed of the DRAM installed in your
system. DO NOT change the default setting of this field, as determined by the system
board manufacturer for the installed DRAM. This value is access speed, so a lower
value means a faster system. This field applies only if EDO DRAM is installed in the
system.
EDO CASx# MA Wait State
The board designer may elect to insert one additional wait state before the assertion of
the first CASx# for page hit cycles, thus allowing one additional clock of MA setup time
to the CASx# for the leadoff page hit cycle. Do not change from the manufacturer’s
default unless you are getting memory addressing errors. This field applies only if EDO
DRAM is installed in the system.
EDO RASx# Wait State
The board designer may elect to insert one additional wait state before RAS# is
asserted for row misses, thus allowing one additional MAX[13:0] setup time to RASx#
assertion. This field applies only if EDO DRAM is installed in the system.
SDRAM RAS to CAS Delay
This field lets you insert a timing delay between the CAS and RAS strobe signals, used
when DRAM is written to, read from, or refreshed. Fast gives faster performance; and
Slow gives more stable performance. This field applies only when synchronous DRAM
is installed in the system.
SDRAM RAS Precharge Time
If an insufficient number of cycles is allowed for the RAS to accumulate its charge
before DRAM refresh, the refresh may be incomplete and the DRAM may fail to retain
data. Fast gives faster performance; and Slow gives more stable performance. This
field applies only when synchronous DRAM is installed in the system.
SDRAM CAS Latency Time
When synchronous DRAM is installed, the number of clock cycles of CAS latency
depends on the DRAM timing. Do not reset this field from the default value specified by
the system designer.
38
SDRAM Precharge Control
When Enabled, all CPU cycles to SDRAM result in an All Banks Precharge Command
on the SDRAM interface.
DRAM Data Integrity Mode
Select Parity or ECC (error-correcting code), according to the type of installed DRAM.
System BIOS Cacheable
Selecting Enabled allows caching of the system BIOS ROM at F0000h-FFFFFh,
resulting in better system performance. However, if any program writes to this memory
area, a system error may result.
Video BIOS Cacheable
Selecting Enabled allows caching of the video BIOS ROM at C0000h to C7FFFh,
resulting in better video performance. However, if any program writes to this memory
area, a system error may result.
V 8/16 Bit I/O Recovery Time
The I/O recovery mechanism adds bus clock cycles between PCI-originated I/O cycles
to the ISA bus. This delay takes place because the PCI bus is so much faster than the
ISA bus.
These two fields let you add recovery time (in bus clock cycles) for 16-bit and 8-bit I/O.
Memory Hole at 15M-16M
You can reserve this area of system memory for ISA adapter ROM. When this area is
reserved, it cannot be cached. The user information of peripherals that need to use this
area of system memory usually discusses their memory requirements.
Passive Release
When Enabled, CPU to PCI bus accesses are allowed during passive release.
Otherwise, the arbiter only accepts another PCI master access to local DRAM.
Delayed Transaction
The chipset has an embedded 32-bit posted write buffer to support delay transactions
cycles. Select Enabled to support compliance with the PCI specification version 2.1.
39
AGP Aperture Size (MB)
Select the size of the Accelerated Graphics Port (AGP) aperture. The aperture is a
portion of the PCI memory address range dedicated for graphics memory address
space. Host cycles that hit the aperture range are forwarded to the AGP without any
translation. See www.agpforum.org for APG information.
Power Management Setup
Power Management
:
User Define
** Reload Global Timer Events **
PM Control By APM
:
Yes
IRQ [3-7,9-15], NMI
:
Disabled
Video Off Method
:
PPMS
Primary IDE 0
:
Disabled
Video Off After
:
Standby
Primary IDE 1
:
Disabled
Doze Mode
:
Disable
Secondary IDE 0
:
Disabled
Standby Mode
:
Disable
Secondary IDE 1
:
Disabled
Suspend Mode
:
Disable
Floppy Disk
:
Disabled
HDD Power Down
:
Disable
Serial Port
:
Enabled
Throttle Duty Cycle
:
62.5%
Parallel Port
:
Disabled
PCI/VGA Act-Monitor
:
Disabled
Soft-Off by PWR-BTTN :
Instant-Off
PWRON After PWR-Fail :
Former-Sts
Power on by Ring
:
Disabled
ESC : Quit
↑↓→←
: Select Item
Wake Up On LAN
:
Enabled
F1
: Help
PU/PD/+/-
: Modify
IRQ 8 Break Suspend
:
Disabled
F5
: Old Values
(Shift) F2
: Color
F6
: Load BIOS Defaults
F7
: Load Setup Defaults
This section describes the options available in the Power Management Setup menu
used to configure the power conservation features. If you select certain options the
setup program switches to a sub-screen for the selected option.
Power Management
This option allows you to select the type (or degree) of power saving for Doze, Standby,
and Suspend modes.
This table describes each power management mode:
Max Saving
40
Maximum power savings. Only Available for SL CPUs.
User Define
Set each mode individually.
Min Saving
Minimum power savings.
PM Control by APM
If Advanced Power Management (APM) is installed on your system, selecting Yes gives
better power savings.
Video Off Method
Determines the manner in which the monitor is blanked.
V/H SYNC+Blank
System turns off vertical and horizontal synchronization ports
and writes blanks to the video buffer.
DPMS Support
Select this option if your monitor supports the Display Power
Management Signaling (DPMS) standard of the Video
Electronics Standards Association (VESA). Use the software
supplied for your video subsystem to select video power
management values.
Blank Screen
System only writes blanks to the video buffer.
Video Off After
As the system moves from lesser to greater power-saving modes, select the mode in
which you want the monitor to blank.
Doze Mode
After the selected period of system inactivity, the CPU clock runs at slower speed while
all other devices still operate at full speed.
Standby Mode
After the selected period of system inactivity, the CPU clock stops, the hard drive enters
an idle state, and the L2 cache enters a power-save mode. All other devices still
operate at full speed.
Standby Mode
After the selected period of system inactivity, the fixed disk drive and the video shut off
while all other devices still operate at full speed.
Suspend Mode
After the selected period of system inactivity, all devices except the CPU shut off.
41
HDD Power Down
After the selected period of drive inactivity, the hard disk drive powers down while all
other devices remain active.
Throttle Duty Cycle
When the system enters Doze mode, the CPU clock runs only part of the time. You may
select the percent of time that the clock runs.
PCI/VGA Active Monitor
When Enabled, any video activity restarts the global timer for Standby mode.
Soft-Off by PWR-BTTN
When Enabled, turning the system off with the on/off button places the system in a very
low-power-usage state, with only enough circuitry receiving power to detect power
button activity or Resume by Ring activity.
Power on by Ring
An input signal on the serial Ring Indicator (RI) line (in other words, an incoming call on
the modem) awakens the system from a soft off state.
Wake Up On Ring
When enabled, an input signal from a local area network (LAN) awakens the system
from a soft off state.
IRQ8 Break Suspend
You can Enable or Disable monitoring of IRQ8 (the Real Time Clock) so it does not
awaken the system from Suspend mode.
42
PNP/PCI Configuration
PNP OS Installed
:
No
Resources Controlled By
:
Auto
Reset Configuration Data
:
Disabled
ESC : Quit
↑↓→←
: Select Item
F1
: Help
PU/PD/+/-
: Modify
F5
: Old Values
(Shift) F2
: Color
F6
: Load BIOS Defaults
F7
: Load Setup Defaults
This section describes the options available in the PNP/PCI Configuration menu to
configure the PCI and Plug & Play features. If you select certain options the setup
program switches to a sub-screen for the selected option.
PNP OS Installed
Select Yes if the system operating environment is Plug-and-Play aware (e.g., Windows
95).
Resources Controlled By
The Plug and Play Award BIOS can automatically configure all the boot and Plug and
Play-compatible devices. If you select Auto, all the interrupt request (IRQ) and DMA
assignment fields disappear, as the BIOS automatically assigns them.
Reset Configuration Data
Normally, you leave this field Disabled. Select Enabled to reset Extended System
Configuration Data (ESCD) when you exit Setup if you have installed a new add-on and
the system reconfiguration has caused such a serious conflict that the operating system
cannot boot.
43
Integrated Peripherals
IDE HDD Block Mode
:
Enabled
Onboard Serial Port 1
:
3F8/IR4
IDE Primary Master PIO
:
Auto
Onboard Serial Port 2
:
2F8/IR3
IDE Primary Slave PIO
:
Auto
UR2 Mode
:
Standard
IDE Secondary Master PIO
:
Auto
Onboard Parallel Port
:
378/IRQ7
IDE Secondary Slave PIO
:
Auto
Parallel Port Mode
:
SPP
IDE Primary Master UDMA
:
Auto
IDE Primary Slave UDMA
:
Auto
Onboard Sound Chip
:
Enabled
IDE Secondary Master UDMA :
Auto
Onboard LAN Chip
:
Enabled
IDE Secondary Slave UDMA
:
Auto
PS/2 Mouse Control
:
Enabled
On-Chip Primary PCI IDE
:
Enabled
On-Chip Secondary PCI IDE
:
Enabled
USB Keyboard Support
:
Disabled
Init Display First
:
AGP
Onboard FDC Controller
:
Enabled
ESC : Quit
↑↓→←
: Select Item
F1
: Help
PU/PD/+/-
: Modify
F5
: Old Values
(Shift) F2
: Color
F6
: Load BIOS Defaults
F7
: Load Setup Defaults
This section describes the options available in the Integrated Peripherals menu to
configure the peripheral support. If you select certain options the setup program
switches to a sub-screen for the selected option.
IDE HDD Block Mode
Block mode is also called block transfer, multiple commands, or multiple sector
read/write. If your IDE hard drive supports block mode (most new drives do), select
Enabled for automatic detection of the optimal number of block read/writes per sector
the drive can support.
IDE Primary/ Secondary Master/Slave PIO
The four IDE PIO (Programmed Input/Output) fields let you set a PIO mode (0-4) for
each of the four IDE devices that the onboard IDE interface supports. Modes 0 through
4 provide successively increased performance. In Auto mode, the system automatically
determines the best mode for each device.
44
IDE Primary/ Secondary Master/Slave UDMA
UDMA (Ultra DMA) is a DMA data transfer protocol that utilizes ATA commands and the
ATA bus to allow DMA commands to transfer data at a maximum burst rate of 33 MB/s.
When you select Auto in the four IDE UDMA fields (for each of up to four IDE devices
that the internal PCI IDE interface supports), the system automatically determines the
optimal data transfer rate for each IDE device.
On-Chip Primary/ Secondary PCI IDE
The integrated peripheral controller contains an IDE interface with support for two IDE
channels. Select Enabled to activate each channel separately.
USB Keyboard Support
Select Enabled if your system contains a Universal Serial Bus (USB) controller and you
have a USB keyboard.
Init Display First
Initialize the AGP video display before initializing any other display device on the
system. Thus the AGP display becomes the primary display.
Onboard FDC Controller
Select Enabled if your system has a floppy disk controller (FDC) installed on the system
board and you wish to use it. If you install an add-in FDC or the system has no floppy
drive, select Disabled in this field.
Onboard Serial Ports (1/2, A/B)
Select a logical COM port name and matching address for the first and second serial
ports. Select an address and corresponding interrupt for the first and second serial
ports.
45
Load BIOS Defaults
BIOS defaults are factory settings for the most stable, minimal performance system
operations.
Load Setup Defaults
Setup defaults are factory settings for optimal performance system operations.
Auto-Detect Hard Disks
This “Auto-Detect Hard Disks” option detects the parameters of IDE hard disk drives,
and automatically enters them into the standard CMOS setup screen.
Supervisor Password and User Password settings
Change, set, or disable a password. In BIOS versions that allow separate user and
supervisor passwords, only the supervisor password permits access to Setup. The user
password generally allows only power-on access.
IDE HDD Auto Detection
Automatically detect and configure IDE hard disk parameters.
Save and Exit Setup
Save settings in non-volatile CMOS RAM and exit Setup.
Exit Without Saving
Abandon all changes and exit Setup.
46
Upgrading the BIOS
The system BIOS resides on a flash component. You can upgrade a flash BIOS
through software, without taking the system apart or replacing the flash component.
This appendix tells how to upgrade your system BIOS from a diskette particular for your
motherboard. Your service representative can provide you with the latest BIOS upgrade
for your system.
WARNING
Upgrading with a BIOS other than the one provided by Seanix will automatically
void the product warranty. Upgrading with the incorrect BIOS might cause
permanent unrecoverable damage to the motherboard.
Flashing the BIOS
1. Insert the BIOS diskette into your floppy drive. At A:\, type
“awdflash <BIOS filename>” and hit <enter>
2. A Flash EPROM Programming Utility screen pops up. Press “Y” to continue.
WARNING
System must NOT be turned off during the programming operation. The system
will re-boot if programming is successfully completed.
3. Please wait for the programming operation to complete. Once completed, take the
BIOS diskette out from the floppy drive and press any key to restart the computer.
4. Once the system has re-booted, go into the CMOS Setup main. Select “Load Setup
Defaults”. You can change this CMOS setting at a later time if you want to
customize your settings.
5. Save and exit the BIOS Setup Program.
47
4.Error and Information Messages
During the power-on self test (POST), the BIOS either sounds a beep code or displays
a message when it detects a correctable error.
Following is a list of POST messages for the ISA BIOS kernel. Specific chipset ports
and BIOS extensions may include additional messages. An error message may be
followed by a prompt to press F1 to continue or press DEL to enter Setup.
Beep
Currently the only beep code indicates that a video error has occurred and the BIOS
cannot initialize the video screen to display any additional information. This beep code
consists of a single long beep followed by two short beeps. Any other beeps are
probably a RAM problem.
BIOS ROM checksum error - System halted
The checksum of the BIOS code in the BIOS chip is incorrect, indicating the BIOS code
may have become corrupt. Contact your system dealer to replace the BIOS.
CMOS battery failed
CMOS battery is no longer functional. Contact your system dealer for a replacement
battery.
CMOS checksum error - Defaults loaded
Checksum of CMOS is incorrect, so the system loads the default equipment
configuration. A checksum error may indicate that CMOS has become corrupt. This
error may have been caused by a weak battery. Check the battery and replace if
necessary.
CPU at nnnn
Displays the running speed of the CPU.
Display switch is set incorrectly.
The display switch on the motherboard can be set to either monochrome or color. This
message indicates the switch is set to a different setting than indicated in Setup.
Determine which setting is correct, and then either turn off the system and change the
jumper, or enter Setup and change the VIDEO selection.
Press ESC to skip memory test
The user may press Esc to skip the full memory test.
48
Floppy disk(s) fail
Cannot find or initialize the floppy drive controller or the drive. Make sure the controller
is installed correctly. If no floppy drives are installed, be sure the Diskette Drive
selection in Setup is set to NONE or AUTO.
Hard Disk initializing, Please wait a moment...
Some hard drives require extra time to initialize.
Hard Disk Install Failure
Cannot find or initialize the hard drive controller or the drive. Make sure the controller
is installed correctly. If no hard drives are installed, be sure the Hard Drive selection in
Setup is set to NONE.
Hard disk(s) diagnosis fail
The system may run specific disk diagnostic routines. This message appears if one or
more hard disks return an error when the diagnostics run.
Keyboard error or no keyboard present
Cannot initialize the keyboard. Make sure the keyboard is attached correctly and no
keys are pressed during POST. To purposely configure the system without a
keyboard, set the error halt condition in Setup to HALT ON ALL, BUT KEYBOARD.
The BIOS then ignores the missing keyboard during POST.
Keyboard is locked out - Unlock the key
This message usually indicates that one or more keys have been pressed during the
keyboard tests. Be sure no objects are resting on the keyboard.
Memory Test:
This message displays during a full memory test, counting doom the memory areas
being tested.
Memory test fail
If POST detects an error during memory testing, additional information appears giving
specifics about the type and location of the memory error.
Override enabled - Defaults loaded
If the system cannot boot using the current CMOS configuration, the BIOS can
override the current configuration with a set of BIOS defaults designed for the most
stable, minimal-performance system operations.
Press TAB to show POST screen
System OEMs may replace the Phoenix Technologies Award BIOS POST display with
their own proprietary display. Including this message in the OEM display permits the
operator to switch between the OEM display and the default POST display.
49
Primary master hard disk fail
POST detects an error in the primary master IDE hard drive.
Primary slave hard disk fail
POST detects an error in the secondary master IDE hard drive.
Resuming from disk, Press TAB to show POST screen
Phoenix Technologies offers a save-to-disk feature for notebook computers. This
message may appear when the operator re-starts the system after a save-to-disk
shutdown. See the Press TAB ... message above for a description of this feature.
Secondary master hard disk fail
POST detects an error in the primary slave IDE hard drive.
Secondary slave hard disk fail
POST detects an error in the secondary slave IDE hard drive.
50
5.Glossary
ADDRESS:
A specific location in the memory of the computer where information about programs,
data and software drivers is stored. Peripheral devices such as mouse, modems, etc.
require a specific I/0 port address and interrupt in order to function properly.
BIOS: (BASIC INPUT OUTPUT SYSTEM)
That part of a ROM that is the interface between the system hardware and the
operating system. The ROM BIOS is a group of low level programs responsible for
interfacing the computer to peripheral devices, such as disk drives, serial and parallel
ports, keyboard, and video display. Low-level BIOS routines are common to all
operating systems and are generally resident in ROM. High-level BIOS routines are
specific to the particular operating system in use and are therefore generally stored on
disk, and loaded only when the operating system is booted.
BIT:
A binary digit that is the most reducible element of computer information. Eight bits
make one byte.
BOOT or BOOTSTRAP:
A small ROM-based program which is automatically loaded when the system is first
powered up (or "booted), in order to load and execute an operating system or other
large program from disk. Also, the process of starting the computer, either by turning on
the power, pressing the Reset switch or by pressing the CTRL + ALT + DEL keys
simultaneously. The latter is known as a "warm boot".
BYTE:
Smallest unit of storage required to hold a character of information in memory or on a
disk.
BUS CLOCK:
The speed at which data is transferred between the microprocessor and the I/O
channel.
CMOS:
Acronym for Complementary Metal Oxide Semiconductor. CMOS integrated circuitry
uses very little electrical power. Hence CMOS RAM is ideal for storing system
configuration information that cannot be stored permanently in ROM.
COM PORT:
Communication port where devices such as a mouse or an external modem are
attached.
51
CONFIG.SYS:
A file usually located in the root directory of the boot disk that contains information
required to load installable device drivers and other system configuration parameters.
CONVENTIONAL MEMORY:
System main memory from 0 to 640KB. Many programs run in this area.
COPROCESSOR:
An auxiliary processor that reduces microprocessor overhead and increases system

speed by executing certain math related functions. System with a Pentium processor,
the math coprocessor is built into the microprocessor.
CPU: (CENTRAL PROCESSING UNIT)
Also called the microprocessor. The “brain" of the computer, where program
instructions and arithmetic operations are executed.
CPU CLOCK:
The speed at which the microprocessor executes its instructions.
DOS: (DISK OPERATING SYSTEM)
Software that controls the activities performed by the computer. DOS sets up an
environment under which application software can load and function. It is an interface
between the system and application software.
DRAM: (DYNAMIC RANDOM ACCESS MEMORY)
A type of RAM that requires a refresh cycle to keep information valid. Main system
memory uses DRAM.
EXPANSION SLOT:
A connector on the system board into which an adapter card can be inserted.
EXTENDED MEMORY:
Memory beyond the 1 MBYTES limit that is accessed by programs such as Windows.
HERTZ:
A unit of frequency which is equivalent to one cycle per second.
INTERFACE:
The connection between the system board and a peripheral.
INTERLEAVING:
A technique for improving system performance by speeding up memory access.
Successive memory locations are assigned to different memory banks. Then, when the
system requires the information, it accesses both banks simultaneously rather than
having to access a single bank sequentially.
52
INTERRUPT:
Special operation used by hardware peripheral devices to allow them to communicate
with the Central Processing Unit. Each peripheral device is allocated a unique interrupt
number which the CPU recognizes when talking to the device.
ISA:
Industry Standard Architecture.
JUMPER:
A patch cable, wire or other such device used to establish a circuit.
MEMORY:
RAM and ROM are devices used to hold information and programs while they are
being accessed by the system.
MICROPROCESSOR:
Also known as the CPU. The "brain" of the system, which contains the circuitry used
for calculation and communication with the rest of the system.
PAGE MODE:
Special function in DRAM that saves cycle time by not re-loading the “Row Address
strobe bits”.
PARALLEL PORT:
Also called "printer port", or LPT 1:, the parallel port is used to attach a printer or other
†
peripheral using a Centronics parallel cable.
PARITY BIT:
An additional non-informational bit appended to a group of 8 bits to make the number
of ones in the group of bits either even or odd. This is an elementary error correction
mechanism. Example: During a subsequent read from a memory location, and using
odd parity, the system will check the sum of ones. If the sum of ones is NOT still odd
then the system knows that the information at that location has been corrupted.
SERIAL PORT:
Communication port used by the computer to communicate with the outside world. An
IBM PC compatible normally recognizes four standard serial ports: COM1, COM2,
COM3 and COM4 which are used to attach a mouse, modems, serial printers, plotters
and other serial devices
SHADOW RAM:
Refers to the technique of copying BIOS routines from slower ROM chips to faster
RAM, thereby increasing system performance
53
6. Specifications
This motherboard complies with the following specifications:
Specification
Description
Revision Level
A.G.P.
Accelerated Graphics
Port Interface
Specification
Revision 1.0, July, 1996, Intel Corporation. The
specification is available through the Accelerated
Graphics Implementers Forum at
http://www.agpforum.org/.
APM
Advanced Power Management
BIOS interface specification.
Revision 1.2, February, 1996. Intel Corporation,
Microsoft Corporation.
ACPI
Advanced Configuration and
Power Interface specification.
Revision 1.0, December 22, 1996, Intel Corporation,
Microsoft Corporation, and Toshiba Corporation.
ATA-3
Information Technology –AT
Attachment-3 Interface.
X3T10/2008D Revision 6
ATA Packet Interface for CDROMs.
SFF-8020I Revision 2.5
ATX
ATX Form Factor Specification
Revision 2.01, February 1997, Intel Corporation. The
specification is available at: http://www.intel.com/
DMI
Desktop Management Interface
BIOS specification.
Version 2.0, October 16, 1995, American Megatrends
Inc., Award Software International Inc., Dell Computer
Corporation, Intel Corporation, Phoenix Technologies
Ltd., SystemSoft Corporation.
El Torito
Bootable CD-ROM format
specification.
Version 1.0, January 25, 1995, Phoenix Technologies
Ltd., IBM Corporation. The El Torito specification is
available on the Phoenix web site at
http://www.ptltd.com/techs/specs.html
EPP
Enhanced Parallel Port
IEEE 1284 standard, Mode [1 or 2], v1.
IrDA
Serial Infrared Physical Layer
Link specification.
Version 1.1, October 17, 1995
PCI
PCI Local Bus specification.
Revision 2.1, June 1, 1995, PCI Special Interest
Group.
Plug and Play
Plug and Play BIOS
specification.
Version 1.0a, May 5, 1994, Compaq Computer
Corporation, Phoenix Technologies Ltd., Intel
Corporation.
SDRAM DIMMs
PC SDRAM Unbuffered DIMM
specification.
Revision 0.9, October 22, 1997, Intel Corporation.
Universal Serial Bus
specification.
Revision 1.0, January 15, 1996, Compaq Computer
Corporation, Digital Equipment Corporation, IBM PC
Company, Intel Corporation, Microsoft Corporation,
NEC, Northern Telecom.
ATAPI
(64 and 72 bit)
USB
54
ATA Anonymous FTP site: fission.dt.wdc.com
(SFF) Fax Access: (408) 741-1600
Infrared Data Association.
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