************************************************************************** USACE / NAVFAC / AFCEC / NASA ...

************************************************************************** USACE / NAVFAC / AFCEC / NASA    ...
**************************************************************************
USACE / NAVFAC / AFCEC / NASA
UFGS-08 81 00 (August 2011)
Change 2 - 08/15
----------------------------Preparing Activity: NAVFAC
Superseding
UFGS-08 81 00 (February 2011)
UNIFIED FACILITIES GUIDE SPECIFICATIONS
References are in agreement with UMRL dated January 2016
**************************************************************************
SECTION TABLE OF CONTENTS
DIVISION 08 - OPENINGS
SECTION 08 81 00
GLAZING
08/11
PART 1
GENERAL
1.1
REFERENCES
1.2
SUBMITTALS
1.3
SYSTEM DESCRIPTION
1.4
DELIVERY, STORAGE, AND HANDLING
1.5
ENVIRONMENTAL REQUIREMENTS
1.6
WARRANTY
1.6.1
Warranty for Insulating Glass Units
1.6.2
Warranty for Polycarbonate Sheet
1.6.3
Monolithic Reflective Glass
1.6.4
Monolithic Opacified Spandrel
PART 2
PRODUCTS
2.1
PRODUCT SUSTAINABILITY CRITERIA
2.1.1
Energy Efficient Equipment for Residential Windows
2.2
GLASS
2.2.1
Clear Glass
2.2.2
Annealed Glass
2.2.3
Heat-Absorbing Glass
2.2.4
Wired Glass
2.2.5
Patterned Glass
2.2.6
Laminated Glass
2.2.7
Bullet-Resisting Glass
2.2.8
Mirrors
2.2.8.1
Glass Mirrors
2.2.9
One-Way Vision Glass (Transparent Mirrors)
2.2.10
Tempered Glass
2.2.11
Heat-Strengthened Glass
2.2.12
Spandrel Glass
2.2.12.1
Ceramic-Opacified Spandrel Glass
2.2.12.2
Film-Opacified Spandrel Glass
2.2.12.3
Spandrel Glass With Adhered Backing
2.2.13
Fire/Safety Rated Glass
SECTION 08 81 00
Page 1
2.2.14
Tinted (Light-Reducing) Glass
2.3
INSULATING GLASS UNITS
2.3.1
Buildings
2.3.2
Control Towers
2.3.2.1
Control Tower Insulating Glass
2.3.2.2
Control Tower Heat-Absorbing Insulating Glass
2.3.2.3
Control Tower Clear Insulating Glass
2.3.2.4
Control Tower Laminated Glass
2.3.3
Low Emissivity Insulating Glass
2.4
PLASTIC GLAZING
2.4.1
Acrylic Sheet
2.4.2
Polycarbonate Sheet
2.4.3
Extruded Polycarbonate Profiled Sheet
2.4.4
Bullet-Resistant Plastic Sheet
2.5
SETTING AND SEALING MATERIALS
2.5.1
Putty and Glazing Compound
2.5.2
Glazing Compound
2.5.3
Sealants
2.5.3.1
Elastomeric Sealant
2.5.3.2
Structural Sealant
2.5.4
Joint Backer
2.5.5
Preformed Channels
2.5.6
Sealing Tapes
2.5.7
Setting Blocks and Edge Blocks
2.5.8
Glazing Gaskets
2.5.8.1
Fixed Glazing Gaskets
2.5.8.2
Wedge Glazing Gaskets
2.5.8.3
Aluminum Framing Glazing Gaskets
2.5.9
Accessories
2.6
MIRROR ACCESSORIES
2.6.1
Mastic
2.6.2
Mirror Frames
2.6.3
Mirror Clips
PART 3
EXECUTION
3.1
PREPARATION
3.2
GLASS SETTING
3.2.1
Sheet Glass
3.2.2
Patterned Glass
3.2.3
Insulating Glass Units
3.2.4
Installation of Wire Glass
3.2.5
Installation of Heat-Absorbing Glass
3.2.6
Installation of Laminated Glass
3.2.7
Plastic Sheet
3.3
ADDITIONAL REQUIREMENTS FOR GLAZING CONTROL TOWER WINDOWS
3.3.1
Materials and Methods of Installation
3.3.2
Tolerances and Clearances of Units
3.4
CLEANING
3.5
PROTECTION
3.6
SCHEDULE
-- End of Section Table of Contents --
SECTION 08 81 00
Page 2
**************************************************************************
USACE / NAVFAC / AFCEC / NASA
UFGS-08 81 00 (August 2011)
Change 2 - 08/15
----------------------------Preparing Activity: NAVFAC
Superseding
UFGS-08 81 00 (February 2011)
UNIFIED FACILITIES GUIDE SPECIFICATIONS
References are in agreement with UMRL dated January 2016
**************************************************************************
SECTION 08 81 00
GLAZING
08/11
**************************************************************************
NOTE: This guide specification covers the
requirements for normal glazing.
Adhere to UFC 1-300-02 Unified Facilities Guide
Specifications (UFGS) Format Standard when editing
this guide specification or preparing new project
specification sections. Edit this guide
specification for project specific requirements by
adding, deleting, or revising text. For bracketed
items, choose applicable items(s) or insert
appropriate information.
Remove information and requirements not required in
respective project, whether or not brackets are
present.
Comments, suggestions and recommended changes for
this guide specification are welcome and should be
submitted as a Criteria Change Request (CCR).
**************************************************************************
**************************************************************************
NOTE: If special glazing such as leaded glass,
laminated transparent mirrors, or plastic glazing
for unprotected openings is required, add
appropriate paragraphs.
**************************************************************************
**************************************************************************
NOTE: TO DOWNLOAD UFGS GRAPHICS
Go to http://www.wbdg.org/ccb/NAVGRAPH/graphtoc.pdf.
**************************************************************************
**************************************************************************
NOTE: On the drawings, show:
1. Locations of each type of glass, using same
terminology as in specification.
SECTION 08 81 00
Page 3
2. Thickness of glass, unless glass of each type is
same thickness.
3. Frame and rabbet details, indicating method of
glazing.
**************************************************************************
PART 1
GENERAL
1.1
REFERENCES
**************************************************************************
NOTE: This paragraph is used to list the
publications cited in the text of the guide
specification. The publications are referred to in
the text by basic designation only and listed in
this paragraph by organization, designation, date,
and title.
Use the Reference Wizard's Check Reference feature
when you add a RID outside of the Section's
Reference Article to automatically place the
reference in the Reference Article. Also use the
Reference Wizard's Check Reference feature to update
the issue dates.
References not used in the text will automatically
be deleted from this section of the project
specification when you choose to reconcile
references in the publish print process.
**************************************************************************
The publications listed below form a part of this specification to the
extent referenced. The publications are referred to within the text by the
basic designation only.
AMERICAN NATIONAL STANDARDS INSTITUTE (ANSI)
ANSI Z97.1
(2009; Errata 2010) Safety Glazing
Materials Used in Buildings - Safety
Performance Specifications and Methods of
Test
AMERICAN SOCIETY OF CIVIL ENGINEERS (ASCE)
ASCE 7
(2010; Errata 2011; Supp 1 2013) Minimum
Design Loads for Buildings and Other
Structures
ASTM INTERNATIONAL (ASTM)
ASTM C1036
(2010; E 2012) Standard Specification for
Flat Glass
ASTM C1048
(2012; E 2012) Standard Specification for
Heat-Treated Flat Glass - Kind HS, Kind FT
Coated and Uncoated Glass
ASTM C1172
(2014) Standard Specification for
Laminated Architectural Flat Glass
SECTION 08 81 00
Page 4
ASTM C1184
(2014) Standard Specification for
Structural Silicone Sealants
ASTM C509
(2006; R 2015) Elastomeric Cellular
Preformed Gasket and Sealing Material
ASTM C864
(2005; R 2015) Dense Elastomeric
Compression Seal Gaskets, Setting Blocks,
and Spacers
ASTM C920
(2014a) Standard Specification for
Elastomeric Joint Sealants
ASTM D2287
(2012) Nonrigid Vinyl Chloride Polymer and
Copolymer Molding and Extrusion Compounds
ASTM D395
(2014) Standard Test Methods for Rubber
Property - Compression Set
ASTM D4802
(2010) Poly(Methyl Methacrylate) Acrylic
Plastic Sheet
ASTM E119
(2014) Standard Test Methods for Fire
Tests of Building Construction and
Materials
ASTM E1300
(2012a; E 2012) Determining Load
Resistance of Glass in Buildings
ASTM E2226
(2015a) Standard Practice for Application
of Hose Stream
ASTM E413
(2010) Rating Sound Insulation
ASTM E90
(2009) Standard Test Method for Laboratory
Measurement of Airborne Sound Transmission
Loss of Building Partitions and Elements
GLASS ASSOCIATION OF NORTH AMERICA (GANA)
GANA Glazing Manual
(2004) Glazing Manual
GANA Sealant Manual
(2008) Sealant Manual
GANA Standards Manual
(2001) Tempering Division's Engineering
Standards Manual
INSULATING GLASS MANUFACTURERS ALLIANCE (IGMA)
IGMA TB-3001
(2001) Guidelines for Sloped Glazing
IGMA TM-3000
(1990; R 2004) North American Glazing
Guidelines for Sealed Insulating Glass
Units for Commercial & Residential Use
IGMA TR-1200
(1983; R 2007) Guidelines for Commercial
Insulating Glass Dimensional Tolerances
SECTION 08 81 00
Page 5
the submittal tags may be used following the "G"
designation to indicate the approving authority.
Codes for Army projects using the Resident
Management System (RMS) are: "AE" for
Architect-Engineer; "DO" for District Office
(Engineering Division or other organization in the
District Office); "AO" for Area Office; "RO" for
Resident Office; and "PO" for Project Office. Codes
following the "G" typically are not used for Navy,
Air Force, and NASA projects.
An "S" following a submittal item indicates that the
submittal is required for the Sustainability
Notebook to fulfill federally mandated sustainable
requirements in accordance with Section 01 33 29
SUSTAINABILITY REPORTING.
Choose the first bracketed item for Navy, Air Force
and NASA projects, or choose the second bracketed
item for Army projects.
**************************************************************************
Government approval is required for submittals with a "G" designation;
submittals not having a "G" designation are [for Contractor Quality Control
approval.][for information only. When used, a designation following the
"G" designation identifies the office that will review the submittal for
the Government.] Submittals with an "S" are for inclusion in the
Sustainability Notebook, in conformance to Section 01 33 29 SUSTAINABILITY
REPORTING. Submit the following in accordance with Section 01 33 00
SUBMITTAL PROCEDURES:
SD-02 Shop Drawings
Installation
Drawings showing complete details of the proposed setting
methods, mullion details, edge blocking, size of openings, frame
details, materials, and types and thickness of glass.
[
Control Tower Insulating Glass
][
Control Tower Laminated Glass
]
Drawings showing complete details of the proposed setting
methods, mullion details, edge blocking, size of openings, frame
details, materials, and types and thickness of glass.
**************************************************************************
NOTE: Regarding the use of SD-03 Product Data and
SD-07 Certificates, only use one of these on
complicated and large products. It is preferred to
use SD-03 Product Data. If control tower glazing
data is only available by certificates, use SD-07
Certificates.
**************************************************************************
SD-03 Product Data
Insulating Glass
SECTION 08 81 00
Page 7
the submittal tags may be used following the "G"
designation to indicate the approving authority.
Codes for Army projects using the Resident
Management System (RMS) are: "AE" for
Architect-Engineer; "DO" for District Office
(Engineering Division or other organization in the
District Office); "AO" for Area Office; "RO" for
Resident Office; and "PO" for Project Office. Codes
following the "G" typically are not used for Navy,
Air Force, and NASA projects.
An "S" following a submittal item indicates that the
submittal is required for the Sustainability
Notebook to fulfill federally mandated sustainable
requirements in accordance with Section 01 33 29
SUSTAINABILITY REPORTING.
Choose the first bracketed item for Navy, Air Force
and NASA projects, or choose the second bracketed
item for Army projects.
**************************************************************************
Government approval is required for submittals with a "G" designation;
submittals not having a "G" designation are [for Contractor Quality Control
approval.][for information only. When used, a designation following the
"G" designation identifies the office that will review the submittal for
the Government.] Submittals with an "S" are for inclusion in the
Sustainability Notebook, in conformance to Section 01 33 29 SUSTAINABILITY
REPORTING. Submit the following in accordance with Section 01 33 00
SUBMITTAL PROCEDURES:
SD-02 Shop Drawings
Installation
Drawings showing complete details of the proposed setting
methods, mullion details, edge blocking, size of openings, frame
details, materials, and types and thickness of glass.
[
Control Tower Insulating Glass
][
Control Tower Laminated Glass
]
Drawings showing complete details of the proposed setting
methods, mullion details, edge blocking, size of openings, frame
details, materials, and types and thickness of glass.
**************************************************************************
NOTE: Regarding the use of SD-03 Product Data and
SD-07 Certificates, only use one of these on
complicated and large products. It is preferred to
use SD-03 Product Data. If control tower glazing
data is only available by certificates, use SD-07
Certificates.
**************************************************************************
SD-03 Product Data
Insulating Glass
SECTION 08 81 00
Page 7
Exterior Glazing - performance documentation for all glass types
Plastic Glazing
Glazing Accessories
Manufacturer's descriptive product data, handling and storage
recommendations, installation instructions, and cleaning
instructions.
[
]
Environmental Data
SD-04 Samples
Insulating Glass
Plastic Sheet
Glazing Compound
Glazing Tape
Sealant
Two 203 by 254 mm 8 by 10 inch samples of each of the following:
tinted glass, patterned glass, heat-absorbing glass, [_____] and
insulating glass units.
Three samples of each indicated material. Samples of plastic
sheets must be minimum 125 by 175 mm 5 by 7 inches.
[
SD-07 Certificates
Insulating Glass
Plastic Glazing
Certificates stating that the glass meets the specified
requirements. Labels or manufacturers marking affixed to the
glass will be accepted in lieu of certificates.
[
Control Tower Insulating Glass
][
Control Tower Laminated Glass
]
Glazing Accessories
Certificates from the manufacturer attesting that the units meet
the luminous and solar radiant transmission requirements for heat
absorbing glass.
]
SD-08 Manufacturer's Instructions
Setting and Sealing Materials
Glass Setting
Submit glass manufacturer's recommendations for setting and
SECTION 08 81 00
Page 8
sealing materials and for installation of each type of glazing
material specified.[ Include cleaning instructions for plastic
sheets.]
SD-11 Closeout Submittals
**************************************************************************
NOTE: The Energy Star designation below is for
residential windows only.
**************************************************************************
[
]
Energy efficient equipment for Residential Windows; S
**************************************************************************
NOTE: Use the following paragraph on Army projects.
**************************************************************************
[1.3
SYSTEM DESCRIPTION
Fabricate and install watertight and airtight glazing systems to withstand
thermal movement and wind loading without glass breakage, gasket failure,
deterioration of glazing accessories, or defects in the work. Glazed
panels must comply with the safety standards, in accordance with ANSI Z97.1,
and comply with indicated wind/snow loading in accordance with ASTM E1300.
]1.4
DELIVERY, STORAGE, AND HANDLING
Deliver products to the site in unopened containers, labeled plainly with
manufacturers' names and brands. Store glass and setting materials in
safe, enclosed dry locations and do not unpack until needed for
installation. Handle and install materials in a manner that will protect
them from damage.
1.5
ENVIRONMENTAL REQUIREMENTS
Do not start glazing work until the outdoor temperature is above 4 degrees C
40 degrees F and rising, unless procedures recommended by the glass
manufacturer and approved by the Contracting Officer are made to warm the
glass and rabbet surfaces. Provide ventilation to prevent condensation of
moisture on glazing work during installation. Do not perform glazing work
during damp or rainy weather.
1.6
WARRANTY
**************************************************************************
NOTE: The warranty clauses in this guide
specification have been approved by a Level I
Contracting Officer, and may be used without further
approval or request for waiver.
**************************************************************************
**************************************************************************
NOTE: Delete inapplicable paragraph[s].
**************************************************************************
1.6.1
Warranty for Insulating Glass Units
**************************************************************************
NOTE: For Air Force installations, select 10 years
SECTION 08 81 00
Page 9
for the guarantee period for control tower units.
**************************************************************************
Warranty insulating glass units against development of material obstruction
to vision (such as dust, fogging, or film formation on the inner glass
surfaces) caused by failure of the hermetic seal, other than through glass
breakage, for a 10-year period following acceptance of the work. Provide
new units for any units failing to comply with terms of this warranty
within 45 working days after receipt of notice from the Government. [For
control tower units, provide a warranty signed by the manufacturer for a
period of [10][_____] years.]
1.6.2
Warranty for Polycarbonate Sheet
For a 5-year period following acceptance of the work:
a.
Warranty Type I, Class A (UV stabilized) sheets against breakage;
b.
Warranty Type III (coated, mar-resistant) sheets against breakage and
against coating delamination;
c.
Warranty Type IV (coated sheet) against breakage and against yellowing;
d.
Warranty extruded polycarbonate profile sheet against breakage.
For a 10-year period following acceptance of the work, warranty Type IV
against yellowing and loss of light transmission.
[1.6.3
Monolithic Reflective Glass
Manufacturer must warrant the monolithic reflective glass to be free of
peeling or deteriorating of coating for a period of 10 years after Date of
Substantial Completion. Warranty must be signed by manufacturer.
][1.6.4
Monolithic Opacified Spandrel
Manufacturer must warrant the opacifier film on the spandrel to be free of
peeling for a period of five years after Date of Substantial Completion.
Warranty must be signed by manufacturer.
]PART 2
2.1
[2.1.1
PRODUCTS
PRODUCT SUSTAINABILITY CRITERIA
Energy Efficient Equipment for Residential Windows
Provide Energy Star residential windows in accordance with Section 01 33 29
SUSTAINABILITY REPORTING paragraph ENERGY EFFICIENT EQUIPMENT.
]2.2
GLASS
**************************************************************************
NOTE: Glazed openings subject to accidental human
impact must be glazed with safety glazing material
in accordance with Consumer Products Safety
Commission (CPSC) Standard, 16 CFR Part 1201, Safety
Standard for Architectural Glazing Materials.
Consult applicable building codes for detail
requirements.
SECTION 08 81 00
Page 10
Design must meet the requirements of UFC 1-200-02,
"High Performance and Sustainable Building
Requirements" which invokes the requirements within
UFC 3-101-01, "Architecture". UFC 1-200-02 and UFC
3-101-01 make references throughout to various
ASHRAE documents governing energy efficiency and
requirements for the components of building envelope
design including fenestrations and glazing.
**************************************************************************
ASTM C1036, unless specified otherwise. In doors and sidelights, provide
safety glazing material conforming to 16 CFR 1201.
2.2.1
Clear Glass
**************************************************************************
NOTE: Glass areas and thicknesses are based on 1.20
kilopascals 25 pounds per square foot (psf) design
wind load and vertical glazing with annealed glass.
For other glass and for wind loads greater than 1.20
kPa 25 psf, thickness will depend upon aspect ratio
(length divided by width), area, and design wind
load. The thickness and area limitations for each
type of glass must be indicated or specified. Do
not specify glass less than 3.0 mm 1/8 inch.
Method of Determination for Minimum Glass Thickness:
Refer to UFC 4-010-01 "DoD Minimum Antiterrorism
Standards for Buildings", ASTM E1300, ASTM F1642 and
ASTM F2248.
1. Determine peak gust wind speed and corresponding
design wind loads, considering location, height,
shape, and orientation, in accordance with ASCE 7
"Minimum Design Loads for Buildings and Other
Structures", latest edition.
2. Determine aspect ratio, area, and type of glass
for each opening to be glazed.
3. Select thickness required from glass
manufacturer's chart for each type of glass.
**************************************************************************
**************************************************************************
NOTE: Use the following data on Army projects
a. Category I Products: Doors and glazed panels
that contain single piece of glazing material no
greater than 0.84 m2 9 ft2 in area. The product
must be capable of withstanding 203 Nm 150 foot pound
impact load test.
b. Category II Products: Doors and glazed panels
that contain any single piece of glazing material
greater than 0.84 m2 9 ft2 in area. The product
must be capable of withstanding a 542 Nm
SECTION 08 81 00
Page 11
400-foot-pound impact load test. Category II
products may be used in both Category I and Category
II situations.
c. Doors: 16 CFR 1201 applies to all types of
interior doors and exterior doors, including storm
doors and combination doors. FIRE/SAFETY RATED
GLASS: Is not required for openings in doors
through which a 76 mm 3 inch diameter sphere is
unable to pass. Glazing for fire doors must be in
accordance with NFPA 80, even though this may be at
variance with requirements of 16 CFR 1201.
d. Glazed Panels: 16 CFR 1201 no longer applies to
exterior and interior glazed panels. FIRE/SAFETY
RATED GLASS: Glazed panels must conform to ANSI
Z97.1, SAFETY PERFORMANCE SPECIFICATION AND METHODS
OF TEST FOR SAFETY GLAZING MATERIALS USED IN
BUILDINGS. Since glazed panels may be hazardous,
safety glazing should be generally provided as
described below:
FIRE/SAFETY RATED GLASS
(1) Glazed panels of any size located adjacent to a
doorway, with the nearest vertical edge of panel
within 1219 mm (48 inches) of doorway, and with
bottom edge of panel below top of door. Safety
glazing is not required for panels separated from
the doorway by an intervening interior permanent
wall.
(2) Glazed panels with a surface area greater than
0.84 m2 9 ft2 where there is a walking surface on
either side of panel, and the walking surface is
within 914 mm 36 inches of the panel. Safety
glazing is not required if the lowest edge of the
glazing material is 457 mm 18 inches or more above
both walking surfaces, or if the panels have a
horizontal member, such as a mullion or permanent
railing not less than 38 mm 1-1/2 inches in width,
capable of withstanding a horizontal load of 75 kg/m
(50 plf), on the accessible sides of the glazing and
located between 609 mm and 914 mm 24 and 36 inches
above the walking surface.
(3) Where insulating glass units are used in
locations requiring safety glazing, both panes must
be safety glass.
(4) For exterior applications, safety glazing must
also meet the wind and snow load requirements in
accordance with ASTM E1300.
(5) In general, any glazed area subject to human
impact should be provided with safety glazing or
other acceptable protective devices such as
handrails or horizontal mullions.
SECTION 08 81 00
Page 12
ASTM C1036 covers the quality requirements for clear
annealed glass, transparent tinted heat-absorbing
and light-reducing glass, patterned and wired glass
with a series of classification designations such as
Types, Classes, Styles, Forms, Qualities, Finishes,
and Intended Uses, as defined below:
1. Type designations are: Type 1 - Transparent
Flat Glass; Type II - Patterned and Wired Glass.
2. Class designations are: Class 1-clear; Class
2-tinted Heat-Absorbing and Light-Reducing; Class
3-tinted, light-reducing.
3. Style designations are: Style A - Higher light
transmittance; Style B - Lower light transmittance.
4. Form designations are: Form 1 - Wired polished
both sides; Form 2 - Patterned and wired, Form 3 Patterned.
5. Quality designations including intended uses for
ASTM C1036 transparent flat glass are:
a) Quality q1 - Mirror Select Quality:
premium mirrors.
Coated for
c) Quality q3 - Glazing Select: For architectural
fenestrations or other applications where distant
objects are viewed through the glass by the observer.
d) Quality q4 - Intended for greenhouses or other
applications where restrictions on aesthetic
conditions are not required.
e) Quality q5 - Intended for general glazing
applications that have lesser aesthetic demands than
q3 or q4 quality grade.
f) Quality q6 - Intended for greenhouses or other
applications where restrictions on aesthetic
conditions are not required.
6. Quality designations and intended uses for
Patterned and Wired Flat Glasses:
a) Quality q7 - Decorative: For use where design
and aesthetic characteristics are major
considerations.
b) Quality q8 - Glazing: For general glazing where
functional or aesthetic characteristics are a
consideration and where surface blemishes are not a
major concern.
c) Wired Glass: For skylights and general glazing
where fire retardation or glass retention in a frame
are a consideration.
**************************************************************************
SECTION 08 81 00
Page 13
be [[clear] [bronze] [gray] [_____]]. [Provide [_____]] [and wherever
safety glazing material is indicated or specified].
2.2.11
Heat-Strengthened Glass
ASTM C1048, Kind HS (heat strengthened), Condition A (uncoated), Type I,
Class [1 (clear)] [2 (tinted heat absorbing)], Quality q3, [_____] mm inch
thick. [Provide [_____].]
2.2.12
2.2.12.1
Spandrel Glass
Ceramic-Opacified Spandrel Glass
Ceramic-opacified spandrel glass must be Kind HS heat-strengthened
transparent flat type, Condition B, coated with a colored ceramic material
on No. 2 surface, Quality q3 - glazing select, [_____] mm [_____] inch
thick, conforming to ASTM C1048. Glass performance must be K-Value/Winter
Nighttime [_____], R-Value/Winter Nighttime [_____], shading coefficient
[_____]. Color must be [_____].
2.2.12.2
Film-Opacified Spandrel Glass
Film-opacified spandrel glass must be Kind HS heat-strengthened transparent
flat type, Quality q3 - glazing select, Condition C glass with a polyester
or polyethylene film 0.025 mm to 0.127 mm 2 mils to 5 mils thick attached
to No. 2 surface of a sputtered solar-reflective film, conforming to
ASTM C1048. Film opacification must be compatible to and specifically
developed for application to solar reflective films. Glass performance
must be K-Value/Winter Nighttime [_____], R-Value/Winter Nighttime [_____],
shading coefficient [_____]. Color must be [_____].
2.2.12.3
Spandrel Glass With Adhered Backing
**************************************************************************
NOTE: Spandrel glass with adhered backing is
required wherever glass spandrels are located above
sidewalks, pedestrian or vehicular ramps, paved
plazas, entrances not covered by a protective
canopy, and other locations where glass could fall
onto an area used by the public.
**************************************************************************
ASTM C1048, Kind HS or FT, Condition B (ceramic coated), Type I, Quality
q5, [_____] mm inch thick and must pass the fallout resistance test
specified in ASTM C1048. [Provide [_____].]
2.2.13
Fire/Safety Rated Glass
Fire/safety rated glass must be laminated Type I transparent flat type,
Class 1-clear. Glass must have a [20] [45] [60] [_____] minute rating when
tested in accordance with ASTM E119. Glass must be permanently labeled
with appropriate markings.
2.2.14
Tinted (Light-Reducing) Glass
**************************************************************************
NOTE: Reference to Section 09 06 90 SCHEDULES FOR
PAINTING AND COATING is intended for use on Army
projects only.
SECTION 08 81 00
Page 19
**************************************************************************
Tinted (light-reducing) glass must be Type I transparent flat type, Class
3-tinted, Quality q3 - glazing select, [_____] percent light transmittance,
[_____] percent shading coefficient, conforming to ASTM C1036. [Color must
be [[gray] [bronze] [_____]] [as shown in Section 09 06 90 SCHEDULES FOR
PAINTING AND COATING].]
2.3
INSULATING GLASS UNITS
**************************************************************************
NOTE: Where safety glazing is required, both lights
of insulating units must be safety glass, and each
light must have a permanent label.
**************************************************************************
**************************************************************************
NOTE: Window properties are critical to energy
performance and comfort.
Design must meet the requirements of UFC 1-200-02,
"High Performance and Sustainable Building
Requirements" which invokes the requirements within
UFC 3-101-01, "Architecture". UFC 1-200-02 and UFC
3-101-01 make references throughout to various
ASHRAE documents governing energy efficiency and
requirements for the components of building envelope
design including fenestrations and glazing.
U value (rate of heat transfer) and SHGC (how much
heat the building gains from the sun) are determined
on a whole-opening basis (glazing and frame). Energy
Star labeling is applicable to residential units
only. Specify U value and SHGC in the appropriate
exterior opening (window, door, curtain wall)
sections and coordinate insulated glass description
with energy performance requirements specified in
those sections. Include bracketed U value and SHGC
requirements here only if not specified elsewhere as
a whole-opening rating for frame and glass.
Specify low U value (rate of heat transfer) to
reduce winter heat loss and summer heat gain.
Windows on the west and east sides experience
maximum solar gain in summer and should have a low
SHGC (how much heat the building gains from the
sun). Low SHGC is achieved with selective glass,
tinted glass, or reflective coating. Specify
selective glass for clear appearance or when high
visible transmittance is required for daylighting
goals. In the Northern Hemisphere, south side glass
may be protected from summer sun by an overhang and
have a high SHGC if winter heat is useful. Specify
a low SHGC for south-side glass if the building is
dominated by internal heat gain and solar heat is
unwelcome even in winter. North side receives very
little sun and requires no special treatment.
Installing energy efficient windows contributes to
SECTION 08 81 00
Page 20
not meet the requirements of 16 CFR 1201 and cannot
be used as safety glazing materials in situations
governed by that regulation.
Typically 6 mm 1/4 inch thick wired glass is used
for fire-rated windows and doors where required by
building codes and other fire-protection criteria.
Only wired
Square are
openings.
fire rated
glass in Mesh 1 - Diamond and Mesh 2 acceptable for fire rated door and window
Mesh 3 - Parallel is not acceptable for
openings.
Wired glass, because of the wire mesh and edge
damage from cutting, is very susceptible to thermal
breakage. Heat absorbing wired glass increases the
tendency for breakage. Wired glass is also
susceptible to edge breakage from water penetrating
the capillary in which the wires reside. The
glazing system should insure that the edges are kept
dry by sealing the edges with silicone.
**************************************************************************
Provide UL listed glass for fire-rated windows rated for [45] [20] minutes
when tested in accordance with ASTM E2226. Wired glass must be Type II
flat type, Class [1 - translucent] [2 - tinted, heat-absorbing] [3 tinted, light-reducing], Quality [q7 - decorative] [q8 - glazing], Form [1
- wired and polished both sides] [2 - patterned and wired], [_____] percent
light transmittance, [_____] percent shading coefficient, conforming to
ASTM C1036. Wire mesh must be polished stainless steel Mesh [1 - diamond]
[2 - square] [3 - parallel]. Wired glass for fire-rated windows must bear
an identifying UL label or the label of a nationally recognized testing
agency, and be rated for [20] [45] minutes when tested in accordance with
NFPA 257. Wired glass for fire-rated doors must be tested as part of a
door assembly in accordance with NFPA 252.
2.2.5
Patterned Glass
**************************************************************************
NOTE: Patterned glass is normally provided for
windows of toilet rooms, vertical sliding sash in
post offices borrowed light sash at entrances, etc.
Patterned glass is available in various thicknesses,
with a pattern embossed on one or both sides. This
glass is frequently called "figured", "obscure", or
"decorative" glass. The degree of diffusion
achieved is a function of the pattern and whether
the pattern is on one or both sides. Some patterned
glass cannot be heat-strengthened or tempered
because of the pattern depth. Pattern glass does
not offer complete obscurity and must be used with
caution in very private areas such as toilets. The
appropriate pattern designation should be selected
from ASTM C1036. If a more specific pattern
designation is desired, a manufacturer's name and
pattern may be specified. When specific
manufacturer's names and patterns are specified, the
designer should add the following note to the spec:
"Manufacturer's name and patterns indicated are for
SECTION 08 81 00
Page 16
identification purposes only; the listing is not
intended to limit selection of similar patterns from
other manufacturers." Refer to GANA GLAZING MANUAL,
and glass manufacturer's performance tables for
proper evaluation of patterned glass thickness and
size of opening to be glazed. Patterned glass 3 mm
1/8 inch thick should not be larger than 2.15 square
meters 6 square feet.
**************************************************************************
Type II, Class 1 (translucent), Form 3 (patterned), Quality q7
(decorative), Finish [f1 (patterned one side)] [f2 (patterned two sides)],
Pattern [p1 (linear)] [p2 (geometric)] [p3 (random)] [p4 (special)],
[[_____] percent light transmittance, [_____] percent shading coefficient.]
[3] [6] mm [1/8] [7/32] inch thick. [Provide [_____].]
2.2.6
Laminated Glass
**************************************************************************
NOTE: For Antiterrorism/force protection (ATFP)
criteria, refer to UFC 4-010-01 "DoD Minimum
Antiterrorism Standards for Buildings." Laminated
annealed flat glass must be provided at exterior
window and door glazing. When force protection
minimum measures are required, use the first
bracketed option below.
**************************************************************************
[ASTM C1172, Kind LA fabricated from two nominal [3][_____] mm
[1/8][_____] inchpieces of Type I, Class 1, Quality q3, flat annealed
transparent glass conforming to ASTM C1036. Flat glass must be laminated
together with a minimum of 0.75 mm 0.030 inchthick, clear polyvinyl butyral
interlayer with a total nominal thickness of 6 [_____] mm 1/4 [_____] inch.]
[Fabricated from two pieces of Type I, Class 1, Quality q3 glass laminated
together with a clear [_____] [0.38] mm [0.015] inch thick polyvinyl
butyral interlayer or alternatives such as resin laminates, conforming to
requirements of 16 CFR 1201 and ASTM C1172. Color must be [[clear] [gray]
[bronze] [_____]] . The total thickness must be nominally [_____] mm inch.
[Provide [_____].]]
2.2.7
Bullet-Resisting Glass
**************************************************************************
NOTE: Bullet-resisting glazing material is
available in four power ratings to resist scattered
shots from (1) medium-power small arms (MSA); (2)
high-power small arms (HSA); (3) super-power small
arms (SSA); and (4) high-power rifles (HR).
Bullet-resisting glass is available in thicknesses of
30.2, 38.1, 44.5 and 50.8 mm 1 3/16, 1 1/2, 1 3/4
and 2 inches to meet those power ratings.
**************************************************************************
Fabricated from Type I, Class 1, Quality q3 glass with polyvinyl butyral
plastic interlayers between the layers of glass and listed by UL MEAPD as
bullet resisting, with a power rating of [Medium--Small Arms] [High--Small
Arms] [Super--Small Arms] [High--Rifle] in accordance with UL 752. Provide
[_____] [where indicated].
SECTION 08 81 00
Page 17
[2.2.8
Mirrors
**************************************************************************
NOTE: For Army projects only. Navy projects will
specify mirrors in Division 10, Specialties. Select
the frames (J-Mold channels) or clips to secure
mirror to wall. Mastic is required with each type
of installation. Mirror sizes will be shown on the
drawings. Coordinate with Section 05 50 13
MISCELLANEOUS METAL FABRICATIONS, section 05 51 00
METAL STAIRS or section 05 51 33 METAL LADDERS and
Section 10 28 13 TOILET ACCESSORIES to ensure that
frames are specified for these mirrors.
One-way vision glass should be used for psychiatric
and security observation windows. Where safety
glazing is required, specify either laminated glass
or tempered glass.
**************************************************************************
2.2.8.1
Glass Mirrors
Glass for mirrors must be Type I transparent flat type, Class 1-clear,
Glazing Quality q1 6 mm 1/4 inch thick conforming to ASTM C1036. Glass
must be coated on one surface with silver coating, copper protective
coating, and mirror backing paint. Silver coating must be highly adhesive
pure silver coating of a thickness which must provide reflectivity of 83
percent or more of incident light when viewed through 6 mm 1/4 inch thick
glass, and must be free of pinholes or other defects. Copper protective
coating must be pure bright reflective copper, homogeneous without sludge,
pinholes or other defects, and must be of proper thickness to prevent
"adhesion pull" by mirror backing paint. Mirror backing paint must consist
of two coats of special scratch and abrasion-resistant paint , and must be
baked in uniform thickness to provide a protection for silver and copper
coatings which will permit normal cutting and edge fabrication.
]2.2.9
One-Way Vision Glass (Transparent Mirrors)
Type I, Class 1, Quality q1, 6 mm 1/4 inch thick, coated on one face with a
hard, adherent film of chromium or other approved coating of equal
durability. Glass must transmit not less than 5 percent or more than 11
percent of total incident visible light and must reflect from the front
surface of the coating not less than 45 percent of the total incident
visible light. [Provide [_____].]
2.2.10
Tempered Glass
**************************************************************************
NOTE: Tempered glass is the preferred material for
areas requiring safety glazing materials. Laminated
glass, organic-coated glass, wire glass, and plastic
sheet are permitted if they conform to the
requirements of the CPSC 16 CFR Part 1201.
**************************************************************************
ASTM C1048, Kind FT (fully tempered), Condition A (uncoated), Type I, Class
[1 (transparent)] [2 (tinted heat absorbing)], Quality q3, [_____] mm inch
thick, [_____] percent light transmittance, [_____] percent shading
coefficient conforming to ASTM C1048 and GANA Standards Manual. Color must
SECTION 08 81 00
Page 18
be [[clear] [bronze] [gray] [_____]]. [Provide [_____]] [and wherever
safety glazing material is indicated or specified].
2.2.11
Heat-Strengthened Glass
ASTM C1048, Kind HS (heat strengthened), Condition A (uncoated), Type I,
Class [1 (clear)] [2 (tinted heat absorbing)], Quality q3, [_____] mm inch
thick. [Provide [_____].]
2.2.12
2.2.12.1
Spandrel Glass
Ceramic-Opacified Spandrel Glass
Ceramic-opacified spandrel glass must be Kind HS heat-strengthened
transparent flat type, Condition B, coated with a colored ceramic material
on No. 2 surface, Quality q3 - glazing select, [_____] mm [_____] inch
thick, conforming to ASTM C1048. Glass performance must be K-Value/Winter
Nighttime [_____], R-Value/Winter Nighttime [_____], shading coefficient
[_____]. Color must be [_____].
2.2.12.2
Film-Opacified Spandrel Glass
Film-opacified spandrel glass must be Kind HS heat-strengthened transparent
flat type, Quality q3 - glazing select, Condition C glass with a polyester
or polyethylene film 0.025 mm to 0.127 mm 2 mils to 5 mils thick attached
to No. 2 surface of a sputtered solar-reflective film, conforming to
ASTM C1048. Film opacification must be compatible to and specifically
developed for application to solar reflective films. Glass performance
must be K-Value/Winter Nighttime [_____], R-Value/Winter Nighttime [_____],
shading coefficient [_____]. Color must be [_____].
2.2.12.3
Spandrel Glass With Adhered Backing
**************************************************************************
NOTE: Spandrel glass with adhered backing is
required wherever glass spandrels are located above
sidewalks, pedestrian or vehicular ramps, paved
plazas, entrances not covered by a protective
canopy, and other locations where glass could fall
onto an area used by the public.
**************************************************************************
ASTM C1048, Kind HS or FT, Condition B (ceramic coated), Type I, Quality
q5, [_____] mm inch thick and must pass the fallout resistance test
specified in ASTM C1048. [Provide [_____].]
2.2.13
Fire/Safety Rated Glass
Fire/safety rated glass must be laminated Type I transparent flat type,
Class 1-clear. Glass must have a [20] [45] [60] [_____] minute rating when
tested in accordance with ASTM E119. Glass must be permanently labeled
with appropriate markings.
2.2.14
Tinted (Light-Reducing) Glass
**************************************************************************
NOTE: Reference to Section 09 06 90 SCHEDULES FOR
PAINTING AND COATING is intended for use on Army
projects only.
SECTION 08 81 00
Page 19
**************************************************************************
Tinted (light-reducing) glass must be Type I transparent flat type, Class
3-tinted, Quality q3 - glazing select, [_____] percent light transmittance,
[_____] percent shading coefficient, conforming to ASTM C1036. [Color must
be [[gray] [bronze] [_____]] [as shown in Section 09 06 90 SCHEDULES FOR
PAINTING AND COATING].]
2.3
INSULATING GLASS UNITS
**************************************************************************
NOTE: Where safety glazing is required, both lights
of insulating units must be safety glass, and each
light must have a permanent label.
**************************************************************************
**************************************************************************
NOTE: Window properties are critical to energy
performance and comfort.
Design must meet the requirements of UFC 1-200-02,
"High Performance and Sustainable Building
Requirements" which invokes the requirements within
UFC 3-101-01, "Architecture". UFC 1-200-02 and UFC
3-101-01 make references throughout to various
ASHRAE documents governing energy efficiency and
requirements for the components of building envelope
design including fenestrations and glazing.
U value (rate of heat transfer) and SHGC (how much
heat the building gains from the sun) are determined
on a whole-opening basis (glazing and frame). Energy
Star labeling is applicable to residential units
only. Specify U value and SHGC in the appropriate
exterior opening (window, door, curtain wall)
sections and coordinate insulated glass description
with energy performance requirements specified in
those sections. Include bracketed U value and SHGC
requirements here only if not specified elsewhere as
a whole-opening rating for frame and glass.
Specify low U value (rate of heat transfer) to
reduce winter heat loss and summer heat gain.
Windows on the west and east sides experience
maximum solar gain in summer and should have a low
SHGC (how much heat the building gains from the
sun). Low SHGC is achieved with selective glass,
tinted glass, or reflective coating. Specify
selective glass for clear appearance or when high
visible transmittance is required for daylighting
goals. In the Northern Hemisphere, south side glass
may be protected from summer sun by an overhang and
have a high SHGC if winter heat is useful. Specify
a low SHGC for south-side glass if the building is
dominated by internal heat gain and solar heat is
unwelcome even in winter. North side receives very
little sun and requires no special treatment.
Installing energy efficient windows contributes to
SECTION 08 81 00
Page 20
the requirements of UFC 1-200-02, High Performance
and Sustainable Building Requirements and meeting
minimum building envelope insulation requirements of
UFC 3-101-01, Architecture.
**************************************************************************
**************************************************************************
NOTE: STC levels higher than 35 may require costly
design modifications and special glazing. STC
addresses construction subject to interior sound
frequencies and does not include all typical outdoor
frequencies; Outside-Inside Transmission Class
(OITC) was developed to evaluate an expanded
sound-frequency range generally considered to be
more reflective of exterior noise conditions imposed
on the building envelope such as road, rail, and
airplane traffic.
**************************************************************************
Two panes of glass separated by [a dehydrated [ 13 mm 1/2 inch airspace,
filled with argon][ 10 mm 3/8 inch airspace, filled with krypton] gas,][
[16][32][_____] mm [0.63][1.26][_____] inches of aerogel] and hermetically
sealed. [Residential windows (including frames and glass) must be
Energy Star qualified products as appropriate to [Northern] [North/Central]
[South/Central] [Southern] climate zone.] [Non-residential glazed systems
(including frames and glass) must be certified by the National Fenestration
Rating Council with a whole-window Solar Heat Gain Coefficient (SHGC)
maximum of [_____] determined according to NFRC 200 procedures and a
U-factor maximum of [_____] [W/m2-K] [Btu/hr-ft2-F] in accordance with
NFRC 100.] Glazing must meet or exceed a luminous efficacy of 1.0. Glazed
panels must be rated for not less than [26] [30] [35] [_____] Sound
Transmission Class (STC) when tested for laboratory sound transmission loss
according to ASTM E90 and determined by ASTM E413. Dimensional tolerances
must be as specified in IGMA TR-1200. Spacer must be black, roll-formed,
[thin-gauge, C-section steel] [steel-reinforced butyl rubber] [thermally
broken aluminum] [polyurethane and silicon foams], with bent or tightly
welded or keyed and sealed joints to completely seal the spacer periphery
and eliminate moisture and hydrocarbon vapor transmission into airspace
through the corners. Primary seal must be compressed polyisobutylene and
the secondary seal must be a specially formulated silicone.
Two panes of glass separated by a dehydrated airspace and hermetically
sealed. Dimensional tolerances must be as specified in IGMA TR-1200.
Spacer must be roll-formed, with bent or tightly welded or keyed and sealed
joints to completely seal the spacer periphery and eliminate moisture and
hydrocarbon vapor transmission into airspace through the corners. Primary
seal must be compressed polyisobutylene and the secondary seal must be a
specially formulated silicone.
2.3.1
Buildings
**************************************************************************
NOTE: When antiterrorism/force protection
requirements apply, specify laminated annealed flat
glass for interior light. Use the bracketed option
regarding ASTM C1172 in the paragraph below.
NOTE: Where safety glazing is required, both lights
of insulating units must be safety glass, and each
SECTION 08 81 00
Page 21
light must have a permanent label.
NOTE: Design must meet the requirements of UFC
1-200-02, "High Performance and Sustainable Building
Requirements" which invokes the requirements within
UFC 3-101-01, "Architecture". UFC 1-200-02 and UFC
3-101-01 make references throughout to various
ASHRAE documents governing energy efficiency and
requirements for the components of building envelope
design including fenestrations and glazing.
NOTE: U value (rate of heat transfer) and SHGC (how
much heat the building gains from the sun) are
determined on a whole-opening basis (glazing and
frame). Specify U value and SHGC in the appropriate
exterior opening (window, door, curtain wall)
sections and coordinate insulated glass description
with energy performance requirements specified in
those sections. Include bracketed U value and SHGC
requirements here only if not specified elsewhere as
a whole-opening rating for frame and glass.
Determine appropriate values by consulting ASHRAE
90.1 - SI ASHRAE 90.1 - IP.
Window properties are critical to energy performance
and visual satisfaction. Low SHGC is achieved with
selective glass, tinted glass, or reflective
coating. Specify selective glass for clear
appearance or when high visible transmittance is
required for daylighting goals. In the Northern
Hemisphere, south side glass may be protected from
summer sun by an overhang and have a high SHGC if
winter heat is useful. Specify a low SHGC for
south-side glass if the building is dominated by
internal heat gain and solar heat is unwelcome even
in winter. North side receives very little sun and
requires no special treatment.
Consider glazing with aerogel insulation between 2
panels of glass, producing the highest visual
transmittance with the highest insulation values
currently available. Verify availability and cost
before specifying aerogel.
Installing energy efficient windows contributes to
achieving sustainability requirements as outlined in
UFC 1-200-02.
Designer must verify availability and adequate
competition for products energy performance
requirements before specifying and edit as needed.
NOTE: STC levels higher than 35 may require costly
design modifications and special glazing. STC
addresses construction subject to interior sound
frequencies and does not include all typical
outdoor frequencies; Outside-Inside Transmission
Class (OITC) was developed to evaluate an expanded
sound-frequency range generally considered to be
SECTION 08 81 00
Page 22
more reflective of exterior noise conditions imposed
on the building envelope such as road, rail, and
airplane traffic.
**************************************************************************
Two panes of glass separated by a dehydrated airspace[, filled with argon
gas][, filled with krypton gas,][, filled with aerogel] and hermetically
sealed.
[Insulated glass units must have a Solar Heat Gain Coefficient (SHGC)
maximum of [_____]and a U-factor maximum of [_____] W per square m by K
Btu per square foot by hr by degree F.]
[Glazing must meet or exceed a luminous efficacy of 1.0.] [See
section[s][_____] for energy performance requirements for glazed systems
(glazing and frames).] [Glazed panels must be rated for not less than [26]
[30] [35] [_____] Sound Transmission Class (STC) when tested for
laboratory sound transmission loss according to ASTM E90 and determined by
ASTM E413.]
Dimensional tolerances must be as specified in IGMA TR-1200. Spacer must be
black, roll-formed, [thin-gauge, C-section steel] [steel-reinforced butyl
rubber] [thermally broken aluminum] [polyurethane and silicon foams], with
bent or tightly welded or keyed and sealed joints to completely seal the
spacer periphery and eliminate moisture and hydrocarbon vapor transmission
into airspace through the corners. Primary seal must be compressed
polyisobutylene and the secondary seal must be a specially formulated
silicone.
The inner light must be [ASTM C1172, clear annealed flat glass Type I,
Class I, Quality q3] [ASTM C1036, Type I, Class 1, Quality q4, [_____] mm
inch thick] [ASTM C1048, Grade B (fully tempered), Style I (uncoated), Type
I, Class 1 (transparent), Quality q4, [_____] mm inch thick]. The outer
light must be [ASTM C1036, Type I, Class [1 (transparent)] [2 (tinted heat
absorbing)], [2 (solar-reflective)], Quality q4, [_____] mm inch thick] [
ASTM C1048, Grade B (fully tempered), Style I (uncoated), Type I, Class [1
(clear)] [2 (tinted heat absorbing)][solar-reflective], Quality q4, [_____]
mm inch thick].
2.3.2
Control Towers
**************************************************************************
NOTE: For Air Force installations, do not modify
these requirements without approval of Headquarters,
U.S. Air Force. Where design wind speed is more than
225 kilometers 140 miles per hour, delete the first
and use the second bracketed sentence. Coordinate
term of warranty with paragraph WARRANTY.
**************************************************************************
**************************************************************************
NOTE: Requirements for control tower cab windows
will be included in the project specification for
Air Force construction. The use of these
requirements by other agencies should be governed by
agency criteria. Requirements for control tower cab
windows are for the sizes and details on the current
standard Air Force control tower drawings. Any
modification from Air Force installations will be
SECTION 08 81 00
Page 23
made only with the approval of Headquarters, U.S.
Air Force. Edit this paragraph to include only the
heat-absorbing insulating glass or the clear
insulating glass.
Wind load requirements must be determined by the
designer and the blanks filled in for each project.
If spare units are required for a particular project
an "Extra Materials" paragraph must be developed for
PART 1 which identifies the items, states
quantities, and indicates to whom, when and where to
be delivered.
For overseas work the following subparagraph will
also be added:
1. When units other than United States manufacturer
are proposed for use, the manufacturer must prove
successful use of the insulating window units in
aircraft control tower cabs.
**************************************************************************
Control tower glass units must be of sizes required to properly fit
aluminum frames. Tolerances and clearances for units must be designed to
prevent the transfer of stress in aluminum frames to the glass. Resilient
setting blocks, spacer strips, clips, bolts, washers, angles, glazing
sealants, and resilient channels or cemented-on-materials must be of the
type recommended in the glass manufacturer's approved written instructions.
Edges and corners of units must not be ground, nipped, cut, or fitted after
leaving the factory.
**************************************************************************
NOTE: The insulated glass system should be used for
clarity and insulation, unless structural loadings
dictate laminated glass be used. Navy/Marine Corps
Air Traffic Control Towers must normally use
laminated glass in hurricane prone or high wind
areas and for large panes of glass where it would be
difficult to maintain the 13 mm 1/2 inch separation
evenly in an insulated glass system. Refer to UFC
4-133-01N, "Navy Air Traffic Control Facilities" for
guidance.
**************************************************************************
2.3.2.1
Control Tower Insulating Glass
Insulating glass units for air traffic control towers must meet the wind
load design requirement of [_____] kPa [_____] psi, as determined in
accordance with ASCE 7. Insulating glass must be Class A preassembled
units of dual-seal construction consisting of two lites of glass separated
by a dark bronze aluminum, steel, or stainless steel, spacer with desiccant
and dehydrated space. Spacer must be roll-formed, with bent or tightly
welded or keyed and sealed joints, to completely seal the spacer periphery
to eliminate moisture and hydrocarbon vapor transmission into airspace
through corners. Primary seal must be compressed polyisobutylene.
Secondary seal must be silicone. Insulating glass units must be fabricated
for use at an elevation of [_____] meters [_____] feet above mean sea level
and [_____] meters [_____] feet above grade. Within bottom 1/3 of one of
SECTION 08 81 00
Page 24
the vertical edges of each unit, the manufacturer must install an open 305
mm 12 inch long capillary/breather tube for pressure equalization. The
insulating glass units must be free of parallax or optical distortions.
The manufacturer's identifying label must be permanently affixed to both
exterior surfaces of the glass units. The insulating glass units must be a
total thickness of 26 mm 1 inch consisting of two 6 mm 1/4 inch thick
panels and air space, or a total thickness of 32 mm 1-1/4 inch consisting
of two 10 mm 3/8 inch thick panels and air space, or a total thickness of
38 mm 1-1/2 inch consisting of two 13 mm 1/2 inch thick panels and an air
space, as required to meet the wind loads indicated. Glass type must be as
follows.
2.3.2.2
Control Tower Heat-Absorbing Insulating Glass
**************************************************************************
NOTE: Coordinate with paragraph Heat Absorbing
Glass.
**************************************************************************
Heat-absorbing insulating glass must consist of two glass panels separated
by an air space and must conform to ASTM C1036, Type I, transparent flat
glass, Style A, Quality q3 - glazing select. Interior glass must be Class
1-clear and exterior glass must be Class 2-tinted green. Glass performance
must be minimum Visible Transmittance of [70.8] [_____] percent for each
panel and K-Value of 3.07 R-Value of 1.85 for the unit.
2.3.2.3
Control Tower Clear Insulating Glass
Clear insulating glass must consist of two float glass panels separated by
an air space and must conform to ASTM C1036, Type I transparent flat glass,
Quality q3-glazing select. Interior glass and exterior glass must be Class
1-clear. Glass performance must be minimum Visible Transmittance of [87.3]
[_____] percent for each panel and K-Value of 3.07 R-Value of 1.85 for each
unit.
2.3.2.4
Control Tower Laminated Glass
Laminated glass units for air traffic control towers must meet the wind
load design requirement of [_____] kPa [_____] psi, as determined in
accordance with ASCE 7. ASTM C1172, Kind LA fabricated from two nominal
12.5 mm 1/2 inchpieces of Type I, Class 1, Quality q3, flat annealed
transparent glass conforming to ASTM C1036. Flat glass must be laminated
together with a minimum of 0.75 mm 0.030 inch thick, clear polyvinyl
butyral interlayer or alternatives such as resin laminates, conforming to
requirements of 16 CFR 1201 and ASTM C1172. The total thickness must be
nominally 25 mm 1 inch. Color must be [[clear] [gray] [bronze] [_____]].
[Provide [_____].]
2.3.3
Low Emissivity Insulating Glass
**************************************************************************
NOTE: Low emissivity coating should be on the air
space surface of the inner pane of glass (the number
3 surface) in heating-dominated buildings, and on
the number 2 surface (inside surface of the exterior
pane) in cooling-dominated buildings.
NOTE: Design must meet the requirements of UFC
1-200-02, "High Performance and Sustainable Building
SECTION 08 81 00
Page 25
Requirements" which invokes the requirements within
UFC 3-101-01, "Architecture". UFC 1-200-02 and UFC
3-101-01 make references throughout to various
ASHRAE documents governing energy efficiency and
requirements for the components of building envelope
design including fenestrations and glazing.
**************************************************************************
Interior and exterior glass panes for Low-E insulating units must be Type I
annealed flat glass, Class [1-clear] [2-tinted] with anti-reflective
low-emissivity coating on [No. 2 surface (inside surface of exterior
pane)][No. 3 surface (inside surface of interior pane)], Quality q3 glazing select, conforming to ASTM C1036. Glass performance must be U
value maximum of [_____] [W/m2-K] [Btu/hr-ft2-F], Solar Heat Gain
Coefficient (SHGC) maximum of [_____]. Color must be [[green] [gray]
[bronze] [blue] [_____]] [as shown in Section 09 06 90 SCHEDULES FOR
PAINTING AND COATING].
2.4
PLASTIC GLAZING
**************************************************************************
NOTE: Plastic glazing may be used in some areas
where high resistance to breakage is required, but
combustibility must be considered in the design. See
manufacturers' literature for many types available.
Do not specify plastic for glazing unprotected
openings, for roof panels, or for skylights without
consulting UFC 3-600-01, "Fire Protection
Engineering for Facilities" and NAVFACENGCOM Code
04F.
**************************************************************************
**************************************************************************
NOTE: Polycarbonate is more expensive than acrylic
and should only be selected for locations which are
highly vulnerable to vandalism or other types of
abuse. Avoid polycarbonate if possible due to
potentially hazardous constituent chemicals
(including Bisphenol A). Where only one material is
used in the project, the other one should be deleted.
Where translucent plastic sheets are required,
locations will be shown on the contract drawings.
The following will be added at the end of the
paragraph:
"Translucent sheets, where shown, must be white
having light transmission of [_____] percent for
sheets [_____] mm inches thick, or clear with matt
finish."
The light transmission required for a particular
sheet thickness will be selected from plastic sheet
manufacturer's catalogs.
Acrylic-plastic is a combustible material and must
not be used in areas where exposure to fire would
create a hazard condition.
SECTION 08 81 00
Page 26
Consider glazing with aerogel insulation between 2
panels of plastic, producing the highest visual
transmittance with the highest insulation values
currently available. Plastic glazing must have a
U-factor maximum of the specified U-factor for
insulating glass units. Verify availability and
cost before specifying aerogel.
**************************************************************************
Plastic glazing must have a U-factor maximum of [_____] W per square m by K
Btu per square foot by hr by degree F. [Plastic glazing must include a
[16][32][_____] mm [0.63][1.26][_____] inch layer of aerogel between
panels.]
2.4.1
Acrylic Sheet
ASTM D4802, [Type I, regular] [Type II, heat resistant,] [clear and smooth
on both sides] [translucent, textured on both sides,] [gray tint,] [bronze
tint,] ultraviolet stabilized, [scratch resistant,] [_____] [6] [_____] mm
[0.236] [_____] in. thick.
2.4.2
Polycarbonate Sheet
ANSI Z97.1, [Clear and smooth both sides] [Translucent, textured both
sides] [Gray tint] [Bronze tint] [mar-resistant] [high abrasion resistant],
ultraviolet stabilized, [_____] mm inch thick and listed in UL MEAPD as
burglar resisting.
2.4.3
Extruded Polycarbonate Profiled Sheet
Provide [double] [triple] walled, surface treated for improved UV
resistance, offering thermal efficiency and impact strength.
2.4.4
Bullet-Resistant Plastic Sheet
**************************************************************************
NOTE: Bullet-resisting glazing material is
available in four power ratings to resist scattered
shots from (1) medium-power small arms (MSA); (2)
high-power small arms (HSA); (3) super-power small
arms (SSA); and (4) high-power rifles (HR).
Bullet-resisting acrylic sheet is listed by UL for
MSA rating only and is 25.4 mm one inch thick.
Bullet-resisting polycarbonate sheet is listed for
MSA 25.4 mm one inch and for HSA and SSA ratings
31.8 mm 1 1/4 inch. Consult manufacturers for exact
thicknesses and availability.
**************************************************************************
Cast acrylic sheet or mar-resistant polycarbonate sheet laminated with a
special interlayer, and listed in UL 752 as bullet resisting, Class [I]
[II] [III], [clear] [_____] in color. [Provide [_____].]
2.5
SETTING AND SEALING MATERIALS
Provide as specified in the GANA Glazing Manual, IGMA TM-3000, IGMA TB-3001,
and manufacturer's recommendations, unless specified otherwise herein. Do
not use metal sash putty, nonskinning compounds, nonresilient preformed
sealers, or impregnated preformed gaskets. Materials exposed to view and
SECTION 08 81 00
Page 27
unpainted must be gray or neutral color.
2.5.1
Putty and Glazing Compound
Provide glazing compound as recommended by manufacturer for face-glazing
metal sash. Putty must be linseed oil type. Do not use putty and glazing
compounds with insulating glass or laminated glass.
2.5.2
Glazing Compound
Use for face glazing metal sash.
laminated glass.
2.5.3
Do not use with insulating glass units or
Sealants
Provide elastomeric [and structural] sealants.
2.5.3.1
Elastomeric Sealant
ASTM C920, Type S, Grade NS, Class 12.5, Use G. Use for channel or stop
glazing [wood] [and] [metal] sash. Sealant must be chemically compatible
with setting blocks, edge blocks, and sealing tapes[, with sealants used in
manufacture of insulating glass units] [, and with plastic sheet]. Color
of sealant must be white.
2.5.3.2
Structural Sealant
ASTM C1184, Type S.
2.5.4
Joint Backer
Joint backer must have a diameter size at least 25 percent larger than
joint width; type and material as recommended in writing by glass and
sealant manufacturer.
2.5.5
Preformed Channels
Neoprene, vinyl, or rubber, as recommended by the glass manufacturer for
the particular condition. [Channels for bullet-resistant glass must be
synthetic rubber, ASTM C864, not less than 6 mm 1/4 inch thick and
sufficiently resilient to accommodate expansion and contraction while
maintaining a vaportight seal between glass and frame.] [Channels must be
chemically compatible with plastic sheet.]
2.5.6
Sealing Tapes
Preformed, semisolid, PVC-based material of proper size and compressibility
for the particular condition, complying with ASTM D2287. Use only where
glazing rabbet is designed for tape and tape is recommended by the glass or
sealant manufacturer. Provide spacer shims for use with compressible
tapes. Tapes must be chemically compatible with the product being set.
2.5.7
Setting Blocks and Edge Blocks
Closed-cell neoprene setting blocks must be dense extruded type conforming
to ASTM C509 and ASTM D395, Method B, Shore A durometer between 70 and 90.
Edge blocking must be Shore A durometer of 50 (plus or minus 5). Provide
silicone setting blocks when blocks are in contact with silicone sealant.
Profiles, lengths and locations must be as required and recommended in
SECTION 08 81 00
Page 28
writing by glass manufacturer.
2.5.8
Block color must be black.
Glazing Gaskets
Glazing gaskets must be extruded with continuous integral locking
projection designed to engage into metal glass holding members to provide a
watertight seal during dynamic loading, building movements and thermal
movements. Glazing gaskets for a single glazed opening must be continuous
one-piece units with factory-fabricated injection-molded corners free of
flashing and burrs. Glazing gaskets must be in lengths or units
recommended by manufacturer to ensure against pull-back at corners.
Provide glazing gasket profiles as recommended by the manufacturer for the
intended application.
2.5.8.1
Fixed Glazing Gaskets
Fixed glazing gaskets must be closed-cell (sponge) smooth extruded
compression gaskets of cured elastomeric virgin neoprene compounds
conforming to ASTM C509, Type 2, Option 1.
2.5.8.2
Wedge Glazing Gaskets
Wedge glazing gaskets must be high-quality extrusions of cured elastomeric
virgin neoprene compounds, ozone resistant, conforming to ASTM C864, Option
1, Shore A durometer between 65 and 75.
2.5.8.3
Aluminum Framing Glazing Gaskets
Glazing gaskets for aluminum framing must be permanent, elastic,
non-shrinking, non-migrating, watertight and weathertight.
2.5.9
Accessories
Provide as required for a complete installation, including glazing points,
clips, shims, angles, beads, and spacer strips. Provide noncorroding metal
accessories. Provide primer-sealers and cleaners as recommended by the
glass and sealant manufacturers.
[2.6
MIRROR ACCESSORIES
**************************************************************************
NOTE: Use for Army projects only. Navy projects
will specify Mirrors and Accessories in Division 10,
Specialties.
**************************************************************************
2.6.1
Mastic
Mastic for setting mirrors must be a [polymer] [_____] type mirror mastic
resistant to water, shock, cracking, vibration and thermal expansion.
Provide mastic compatible with mirror backing paint, and as approved by
mirror manufacturer.
2.6.2
Mirror Frames
Provide mirrors with mirror frames (J-mold channels) fabricated of
one-piece roll-formed Type 304 stainless steel with No. 4 brushed satin
finish and concealed fasteners which will keep mirrors snug to wall.
Frames must be 32 by 6 by 6 mm 1-1/4 by 1/4 by 1/4 inch continuous at top
SECTION 08 81 00
Page 29
and bottom of mirrors. Concealed fasteners of type to suit wall
construction material must be provided with mirror frames.
2.6.3
Mirror Clips
Provide clips with concealed fasteners of type to suit wall construction
material.
]PART 3
EXECUTION
Any materials that show visual evidence of biological growth due to the
presence of moisture must not be installed on the building project.
3.1
PREPARATION
Preparation, unless otherwise specified or approved, must conform to
applicable recommendations in the GANA Glazing Manual, GANA Sealant Manual,
IGMA TB-3001, IGMA TM-3000, and manufacturer's recommendations.
Determine
the sizes to provide the required edge clearances by measuring the actual
opening to receive the glass. Grind smooth in the shop glass edges that
will be exposed in finish work. Leave labels in place until the
installation is approved, except remove applied labels on heat-absorbing
glass and on insulating glass units as soon as glass is installed. Securely
fix movable items or keep in a closed and locked position until glazing
compound has thoroughly set.
3.2
GLASS SETTING
Shop glaze or field glaze items to be glazed using glass of the quality and
thickness specified or indicated. Glazing, unless otherwise specified or
approved, must conform to applicable recommendations in the
GANA Glazing Manual, GANA Sealant Manual, IGMA TB-3001, IGMA TM-3000, and
manufacturer's recommendations. Aluminum windows, wood doors, and wood
windows may be glazed in conformance with one of the glazing methods
described in the standards under which they are produced, except that face
puttying with no bedding will not be permitted. Handle and install glazing
materials in accordance with manufacturer's instructions. Use beads or
stops which are furnished with items to be glazed to secure the glass in
place. Verify products are properly installed, connected, and adjusted.
3.2.1
Sheet Glass
Cut and set with the visible lines or waves horizontal.
3.2.2
Patterned Glass
Set glass with one patterned surface with smooth surface on the weather
side. When used for interior partitions, place the patterned surface in
same direction in all openings.
3.2.3
Insulating Glass Units
Do not grind, nip, or cut edges or corners of units after the units have
left the factory. Springing, forcing, or twisting of units during setting
will not be permitted. Handle units so as not to strike frames or other
objects. Installation must conform to applicable recommendations of
IGMA TB-3001 and IGMA TM-3000.
SECTION 08 81 00
Page 30
3.2.4
Installation of Wire Glass
Install glass for fire doors in accordance with installation requirements
of NFPA 80.
3.2.5
Installation of Heat-Absorbing Glass
Provide glass with clean-cut, factory-fabricated edges.
not be permitted.
3.2.6
Field cutting will
Installation of Laminated Glass
Sashes which are to receive laminated glass must be weeped to the outside
to allow water drainage into the channel.
3.2.7
Plastic Sheet
Conform to manufacturer's recommendations for edge clearance, type of
sealant and tape, and method of installation.
3.3
ADDITIONAL REQUIREMENTS FOR GLAZING CONTROL TOWER WINDOWS
**************************************************************************
NOTE: For Air Force installations, do not modify
these requirements without approval of Headquarters,
U.S. Air Force. Where design wind speed is more than
225 kilometers 140 miles per hour, delete the last
sentence.
**************************************************************************
3.3.1
Materials and Methods of Installation
Comply with the manufacturer's warranty and written instructions, except as
indicated. Install units with the heat-absorbing glass to the exterior.
Secure glass in place with bolts and spring clips. The minimum clearance
between bolts and edge of glass unit must be 4.75 mm 3/16 inch. The glass
must be edged with 4.75 mm 3/16 inch thick continuous neoprene, vinyl, or
other approved material. Trim edging after installation. The channel
shapes or strips must be firmly held against the glass by the spring action
of the extruded metal moldings. Resilient setting blocks, spacer strips,
clips, bolts, washers, angles, applicable glazing compound, and resilient
channels or cemented-on materials must be as recommended in the written
instructions of the glass manufacturer, as approved.
3.3.2
Tolerances and Clearances of Units
Design to prevent the transfer of stress in the setting frames to the
glass. Springing, twisting, or forcing of units during setting will not be
permitted.
3.4
CLEANING
Clean glass surfaces and remove labels, paint spots, putty, and other
defacement as required to prevent staining. Glass must be clean at the
time the work is accepted. [Clean plastic sheet in accordance with
manufacturer's instructions.]
SECTION 08 81 00
Page 31
3.5
PROTECTION
Protect glass work immediately after installation. Identify glazed
openings with suitable warning tapes, cloth or paper flags, attached with
non-staining adhesives. Protect reflective glass with a protective
material to eliminate any contamination of the reflective coating. Place
protective material far enough away from the coated glass to allow air to
circulate to reduce heat buildup and moisture accumulation on the glass.
Upon removal, separate protective materials for reuse or recycling. Remove
and replace glass units which are broken, chipped, cracked, abraded, or
otherwise damaged during construction activities with new units.
3.6
SCHEDULE
Some metric measurements in this section are based on mathematical
conversion of inch-pound measurements, and not on metric measurement
commonly agreed to by the manufacturers or other parties. The inch-pound
and metric measurements are as follows:
PRODUCTS
INCH-POUND
METRIC
Glass
1/8 inch
3 mm
3/16 inch
4.5 mm
7/32 inch
6 mm
1/4 inch
6 mm
3/8 inch
10 mm
Interlayer
0.015 inch
0.38 mm
Glazing Channels
1/4 inch
6 mm
-- End of Section --
SECTION 08 81 00
Page 32
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