Shindaiwa | M231 | Operator`s manual | Shindaiwa M231 Operator`s manual

Shindaiwa M231 Operator`s manual
SHINDAIWA OWNER’S/OPERATOR’S MANUAL
M231 MULTIPURPOSE
TOOL CARRIER
M231
WARNING!
Minimize the risk of injury to yourself and others! Read this manual
and familiarize yourself with the contents. Always wear eye and
hearing protection when operating this unit.
®
Part Number 65008-94011 Rev. 12/05
Introduction
The Shindaiwa 231-series of handheld power tools has been designed and
built to deliver superior performance and
reliability without compromise to quality,
comfort, safety or durability.
Shindaiwa engines represent the leading edge of high-performance engine
technology, delivering exceptionally
high power with remarkably low displacement and weight. As an owner/operator, you’ll soon discover for yourself
why Shindaiwa is simply in a class by
itself!
IMPORTANT!
The information contained in these
instructions describes units available
at the time of publication.
Shindaiwa Inc. reserves the right
to make changes to products without
prior notice, and without obligation to
make alterations to units previously
manufactured.
Contents
PAGE
Introduction............................................1
Attention Statements.............................2
General Safety Instructions..................3
Safety Labels..........................................4
Operating Precautions..........................5
Product Description..............................6
Specifications.........................................7
Assembly ...............................................8
Installing a Tool Attachment................9
Mixing Engine Fuel.............................10
Starting the Engine.............................11
Stopping the Engine............................13
Adjusting Engine Idle..........................13
Checking Unit Condition....................14
Shoulder Strap......................................14
Maintenance.........................................15
Long Term Storage..............................19
Troubleshooting Guide.......................20
WARNING!
The engine exhaust from this
product contains chemicals known
to the State of California to cause
cancer, birth defects or other reproductive harm.
1
Emission System Warranty.................24
Attention Statements
WARNING!
A statement preceded by the
triangular attention symbol and the
word “WARNING” contains information that should be acted upon
to prevent serious bodily injury.
CAUTION!
A statement preceded by the word
“CAUTION” contains information
that should be acted upon to prevent mechanical damage.
IMPORTANT!
A statement preceded by the word
“IMPORTANT” is one that possesses
special significance.
NOTE:
A statement preceded by the word
“NOTE” contains information that is
handy to know and may make your job
easier.
IMPORTANT!
The operational procedures described
in this manual are intended to help you
get the most from your unit as well as
to protect you and others from harm.
These procedures are guidelines for
safe operation under most conditions,
and are not intended to replace any
safety rules and/or laws that may be in
force in your area. If you have questions
regarding your 231-series power tool,
or if you do not understand something
in this manual, your Shindaiwa dealer
will be glad to assist you. You may also
contact Shindaiwa, Inc. at the address
printed on the back of this manual.
Read and follow this manual, make
sure anyone using the trimmer does
likewise. Failure to do so could result
in serious personal injury or machine
failure. Keep this manual for future
reference.
Always wear a hard hat to reduce the
risk of head injuries during operation
of this machine. In addition, always
wear eye and hearing protection.
Shindaiwa recommends wearing a
face shield as additional face and eye
protection.
Wear heavy duty, non-slip gloves.
Safety tip shoes or boots with non-slip
sole should be worn.
This product conducts electricity.
Keep the product and/or operator
a minimum distance of 15 feet (4.5
meters) away from electrical sources
and power lines.
Keep bystanders at least 50 feet (15
meters) away from the operating trimmer to reduce the risk of being struck
by falling objects or thrown debris.
The blades / cutting attachments are
SHARP! Handle with care.
Be aware of the danger of falling
debris.
2
SAFETY
Throughout this manual are special
“attention statements”.
SAFETY
General Safety Instructions
Work Safely
Attachments for this M231 Multipurpose
Tool Carrier operate at very high speeds
and can do serious damage or injury if
they are misused or abused. Never allow
a person without training or instruction to
operate your unit!
WARNING!
Use Good Judgment
ALWAYS wear eye protection to
shield against thrown objects.
ALWAYS protect yourself from
hazards such as thorny brush
WARNING!
and flying debris by wearing
Never make unauthorized
gloves and close fitting clothattachment installations.
ing that covers arms and legs.
Never wear shorts. Don’t wear
Stay Alert
loose clothing or items such as
You must be physically and mentally fit
jewelry that could get caught
to operate this unit safely.
in machinery or underbrush.
DO NOT OPERATE
THISlong
UNIT� hair so it is above
Secure
IF YOU ARE TIRED, ILL OR�
level.
UNDER THEshoulder
INFLUENCE OF�
�
ALCOHOL, DRUGS, OR�
WARNING!
NEVER run the engine when
MEDICATION.�
Never operate power equipment of ��
transporting the unit.
any kind if you are tired or if you are �
NEVER operate the engine inunder the influence of alcohol, drugs,
doors! Make sure there is always
medication or any other substance that
good ventilation. Fumes from
could affect your ability or judgement.
engine exhaust can cause serious injury or death.
WARNING!
ALWAYS clear your work area
Minimize the Risk of Fire
of trash or hidden debris that
could be thrown back at you or
NEVER smoke or light fires near
toward a bystander.
the engine.
ALWAYS use the proper cutting
ALWAYS stop the engine and allow
tool for the job.
it to cool before refueling. Avoid
ALWAYS stop the unit imoverfilling and wipe off any fuel that
mediately if it suddenly begins
may have spilled.
to vibrate or shake. Inspect for
ALWAYS inspect the unit for fuel
broken, missing or improperly
leaks before each use. During each
installed parts or attachments.
refill, check that no fuel leaks from
ALWAYS keep the unit as clean
around the fuel cap and/or fuel tank.
as practical. Keep it free of loose
If fuel leaks are evident, stop using
vegetation, mud, etc.
the unit immediately. Fuel leaks must
ALWAYS hold the unit firmly
be repaired before using the unit.
with both hands when cutting or
ALWAYS move the unit to a place
trimming, and maintain control at
well away from a fuel storage area
all times.
or other readily flammable materials
ALWAYS keep the handles
before starting the engine.
clean.
NEVER place flammable material
ALWAYS disconnect the spark
close to the engine muffler.
plug wire before performing any
maintenance work.
NEVER run the engine without the
spark arrester screen in place.
3
Safety Labels
SAFETY
IMPORTANT!
Safety and Operation Information
Labels: Make sure all information
labels are undamaged and readable.
Immediately replace damaged or missing information labels. New labels are
available from your local authorized
Shindaiwa dealer.
M231
Figure 1
4
SAFETY
Operating Precautions
WARNING!
 Always make sure the cutting
attachment tool is properly
installed and firmly tightened
before operation.
 Never use a cracked or warped
cutting attachment: replace
it with a serviceable one and
make sure it fits properly.
 Keep the unit away from excessive heat. Engine fuel is very
flammable and fire could lead
to serious personal injury or
property damage.
 Make sure there are no missing
or loose fasteners, and that the
stop switch and throttle controls
are working properly.
CAUTION!
Never extend trimming line beyond
the length specified for your unit.
Always keep the unit as clean
as practical. Keep it free of loose
vegetation, mud, etc.
5
 Before starting the engine,
make sure the cutting attachment is not contacting anything.
 Always stop the engine immediately and check for damage
if you strike a foreign object or
if the unit becomes tangled.
Do not operate with broken or
damaged equipment.
 Never transport the unit or set it
down with the engine running.
An engine that’s running could
be accidently accelerated causing the cutting attachment to
rotate.
 Make sure cutter safety guards
are in place when transporting
the unit.
Product Description
M231 Multipurpose
Tool Carrier
Spark Plug
Throttle Lockout
Lever
Outer Tube
Grip
Handle
DESCRIPTION
Ignition
Switch
Air Cleaner
Coupler
Throttle
Trigger
Tank Guard
Latch protector
Fuel Tank
Latch
Coupler Screw Knob
Figure 2
Using the accompanying illustrations
as a guide, familiarize yourself with
your unit and its various components.
Understanding your unit helps ensure
top performance, long service life, and
safer operation. See Figure 2 and 2a.
Figure 2a
M23002a
WARNING!
Do not make unauthorized modifications or alterations to any of
these units or their components.
6
DESCRIPTION
Specifications
M231 Multipurpose Tool Carrier dry weight (less attachments)....... 4.5 kg/9.8 lb.
Engine model.................................................................................. Shindaiwa S230C
Engine type.........................................................2-cycle,vertical-cylinder, air-cooled
Bore x stroke....................................................................32 x 28 mm/1.26 x 1.10 in.
Displacement . ................................................................................22.5 cc/1.4 cu. in.
Maximum power................................................ 0.8 kW/1.1 HP@ 7500 rpm (min-1)
Fuel/oil ratio............ 50:1 with ISO-L-EGD or JASO FC class 2-cycle Mixing Oil*
Fuel tank capacity...............................................................................670 ml/22.7 oz.
Carburetor type.................................................... Walbro WYL-122 diaphragm-type
Muffler.............................................................................................. 2-Stage, Catalyst
Ignition....................................................One-piece electronic transistor-controlled
Spark plug.............................................................................................Champion CJ8
for EMC compliance use NGK BMR6A
Air cleaner type............................................. Non-reversible flocked filter element
Starting method................................................................................................. Recoil
Stopping method...................................................................................... Slide switch
Transmission type........................................................ Automatic centrifugal clutch
Optional Assessories...........................................................................Shoulder strap
EPA Emission Compliance Period*........................................................ Category A
* The EPA emission compliance referred to on the emission compliance label located on
the engine, indicates the number of operating hours for which the engine has been shown
to meet Federal emission requirements. Category C = 50 hours (Moderate), B = 125 hours
(Intermediate) and A = 300 hours (Extended).
Specifications are subject to change without notice.
meets or exceeds these specifications and is recommended for all Shindaiwa products.
Prior to Assembly
Before assembling, make sure you
have all the components required for a
complete unit:
 Engine/Outer tube assembly
Carefully inspect all components for
damage.
IMPORTANT!
The terms “left”, “left-hand”, and “LH”;
“right”, “right-hand”, and “RH”; “front”
 Handle
and “rear” refer to directions as viewed
 Kit containing handle mounting
bracket and hardware, this owner’s/ by the operator during normal
operation.
operator’s manual and tool kit for
routine maintenance. Tool kits vary
by model and may include a hex
wrench, spark plug/screwdriver
combination wrench, and spanner
wrench.
7
Assembly
Handle
Socket-head Capscrews
Throttle Assembly
Handle
ASSEMBLY
Outer Tube
Mounting Bracket
Figure 3
Connect the Handle to the Outer Tube.
1. Position the handle on the outer
tube as shown. See Figure 3.
2. Install the mounting bracket
with the socket head cap screws.
Tighten the screws finger-tight
ONLY at this time.
3. Locate the handle in the best
position for operator comfort (usually about 10 inches ahead of the
throttle assembly).
4. Secure the handle by alternately
tightening the four socket-head
screws in a diagonal or “criss-cross”
fashion.
8
Installing a Tool Attachment
4. When the two tube halves are
1. Place the M231 Multipurpose Tool
locked together, press down on the
Carrier and the Tool Assembly on
spring-loaded latch protector and
a clean, flat surface so that both
tighten the coupler screw knob.
assemblies fit end to end. The M231
See Figure 5.
assembly should be facing up, and
the tool assembly should be posiCoupler
Latch Protector
tioned with the locking hole in the
(lowered)
tube end facing up. See Figure 4.
ASSEMBLY
CAUTION!
Keep the open ends of the tubes
clean and free of impurities!
2. Slip off the protective covers from
the ends of both tubes, and loosen
the coupler screw knob.
3. Insert the upper tube assembly
into the coupler, with the tool decal
facing up, until the line of the decal
is flush with the end of the coupler.
Twist the tool back and forth until
you are sure it snaps in place by the
coupler latch. See Figure 4.
M231 Tube Assembly
Latch Protector
(extended)
Latch
Locking Hole
M23005
Coupler Screw
Knob
Figure 5
Removing a Tool Attachment
1. With the unit on a clean, flat surface, loosen the coupler screw knob.
The spring-loaded coupler protector
should pop up.
2. Press down on the latch with your
finger or thumb. This releases the
coupler lock. See Figure 6.
3. Pull the tool assembly out of the
coupler.
Press
Latch
�
Coupler
Screw
Knob
M23004
Coupler
Tool Assembly
Figure 4
M23006
Figure 6
9
�
Mixing Fuel
CAUTION!
Some types of gasoline contain alcohol as an oxygenate.
Oxygenated gasoline may cause
increased operating temperatures.
Under certain conditions, alcoholbased gasoline may also reduce
the lubricating qualities of some
2-cycle mixing oils. Never use
any type of gasoline containing
more than 10% alcohol by volume!
Generic oils and some outboard
oils may not be intended for use
in high-performance 2-cycle type
engines, and should never be used
in your Shindaiwa engine.
CAUTION!
WARNING!
Minimize the risk of fire!
 STOP engine before refueling.
 ALWAYS allow the engine to
cool before refueling!
 Wipe all spilled fuel and move
the engine at least 10 feet (3
meters) from the fueling point
and source before restarting!
 NEVER start or operate this
unit if there is a fuel leak.
 NEVER start or operate this
unit if the carburetor, fuel lines,
fuel tank and/or fuel tank cap
are damaged.
 NEVER smoke or light any fires
near the engine or fuel source!
 NEVER place any flammable
material near the engine muffler!
 NEVER operate the engine without the muffler and spark arrester
in good working condition.
1. Place the unit on a flat, level surface.
 Use only fresh, clean unleaded
gasoline with a pump octane of 87
or higher.
 Mix all fuel with a 2-cycle air-cooled
mixing oil that meets or exceeds
ISO-L-EGD and/or JASO FC classified oils at 50:1 gasoline/oil ratio.
2. Clear any dirt or other debris from
around the fuel filler cap.
Examples of 50:1 mixing quantities
Oil is a registered JASO FC
classified oil and also meets or exceeds
ISO-L-EGD performance requirements.
Shindaiwa One is recommended for
use in all Shindaiwa low emissions engines. Shindaiwa One also includes
a fuel stabilizer.
 1 gallon of gasoline to 2.6 oz. mixing oil
 5 liters of gasoline to 100 ml. mixing oil
IMPORTANT!
Mix only enough fuel for your immediate needs! If fuel must be stored longer
than 30 days and
oil with fuel
stabilizer is not used, it should first be
treated with a fuel stabilizer such as
StaBil™.
3. Remove the fuel cap, and fill the tank
with clean, fresh fuel.
4. Reinstall the fuel filler cap and
tighten firmly.
10
OPERATION
This engine is designed to operate on
a 50:1 mixture consisting of unleaded
gasoline and ISO-L-EGD or JASO FC
class 2-cycle mixing oil only. Use of
non-approved mixing oils can lead to
excessive carbon deposits.
Filling the Fuel Tank
Starting the Engine
IMPORTANT!
Engine ignition is controlled by a two position switch mounted on the throttle
housing labeled: “I” for ON or START and “O” for OFF or STOP.
23122
Figure 7
Figure 9
1. Slide the ignition switch to the “I”
position (engine ON).
3. Set the choke lever to the CLOSED
position if engine is cold.
Return Tube
OPERATION
Make sure the
cutting head
is clear of obstructions!
Primer Bulb
Figure 8
2. Press the primer bulb until fuel can
be seen flowing in the transparent
return tube.
IMPORTANT!
The primer system only pushes fuel
through the carburetor. Repeatedly
pressing the primer bulb will not flood
the engine with fuel.
11
Figure 10
4. While holding the outer tube firmly
with one hand, slowly pull the recoil
starter handle until resistance is felt,
then pull quickly to start the engine.
CAUTION!
Do not pull the recoil starter to the
end of the rope travel. Pulling the
recoil starter to the end of the rope
travel can damage the starter.
Starting the Engine (Continued)
WARNING!
The cutting attachment may
rotate when the engine is started!
5. When the engine starts, slowly
move the choke lever to the
“OPEN” position. See Figure 11.
(If the engine stops after the initial
start, close the choke and restart.)
IMPORTANT!
If the engine fails to start after several
attempts with the choke in the closed
position, the engine may be flooded
with fuel. If flooding is suspected,
move the choke lever to the open
position and repeatedly pull the recoil
starter to remove excess fuel and start
the engine. If the engine still fails to
start, refer to the troubleshooting section of this manual.
When the Engine Starts...
 After the engine starts, allow the
engine to warm up at idle 2 or 3
minutes before operating the unit.
Open
 After the engine is warm, pick
up the unit and clip on the harness
if so equipped. See page 14.
Figure 11
WARNING!
Never start the engine from the
operating position.
OPERATION
23122
 Advancing the throttle makes the
cutting attachment turn faster;
releasing the throttle permits the
attachment to stop turning. If the
cutting attachment continues to
rotate when the engine returns to
idle, carburetor idle speed should
be adjusted (see the next page).
12
Stopping the Engine
Adjusting Engine Idle
Idle Adjusting
Screw
Faster
Slower
Figure 12
Idle the engine briefly before stopping
(about 2 minutes), then slide the ignition switch to the “O” (engine OFF)
position. See Figure 12.
Figure 13
The engine must return to idle speed
whenever the throttle lever is released.
Idle speed is adjustable, and must be set
low enough to permit the engine clutch
to disengage the cutting attachment.
OPERATION
WARNING!
The cutting attachment must
NEVER rotate at engine idle! If
the idle speed cannot be adjusted
by the procedure described here,
return the unit to your Shindaiwa
dealer for inspection.
Idle Speed Adjustment
1. Place the unit on the ground, then
start the engine and allow it to idle
2-3 minutes until warm.
2. If the attachment rotates when the
engine is at idle, reduce the idle
speed by turning the idle adjustment screw counter-clockwise.
See Figure 13.
3. If a tachometer is available, the engine
idle speed should be final adjusted to
2,750 (±250) rpm (min-1).
4. Carburetor fuel mixture adjustments are preset at factory and
cannot be serviced in the field.
13
Checking Unit Condition Shoulder Strap
WARNING!
A cutting attachment shield or other
protective device is no guarantee
of protection against ricochet.
YOU MUST ALWAYS GUARD
AGAINST FLYING DEBRIS!
Use only authorized Shindaiwa parts
and accessories with your Shindaiwa
unit. Do not make modifications to
your unit without the written approval
of Shindaiwa, Inc.
Adjust the shoulder strap so the
shoulder pad rests comfortably on the
off-side shoulder with the cutting attachment parallel to the ground. Make
sure all hooks and adjusting devices
are secure.
NOTE:
Although not required for use with
Multipurpose Tool Carrier, an optional
shoulder strap can increase operator
comfort during extended periods of
operation.
ALWAYS make sure the tool is
properly installed and firmly tightened
before operation.
NEVER use a cracked or warped
cutting attachment: replace it with a
serviceable one.
ALWAYS stop the engine immediately and check for damage if you strike
a foreign object or if the unit becomes
entangled. Do not operate with broken
or damaged equipment.
NEVER allow the engine to run at
high RPM without a load. Doing so
could damage the engine.
OPERATION
ALWAYS make sure the cutting attachment fits properly into the appropriate cutting attachment holder. If a
properly installed attachment vibrates,
replace the attachment with a new one
and re-check.
Figure 14
Optional Accessories
Shoulder Strap........... P/N 22410-17202
Hanger........................ P/N 22410-12210
Hanger Bolt............... P/N 01020-05120
Hanger Nut................ P/N 01500-05041
NEVER operate a unit with worn
or damaged fasteners or
attachment holders.
NEVER operate the unit with the
cutting attachment shield or other
protective devices (ignition switch etc.)
removed!
14
General Maintenance
MAINTENANCE
WARNING!
Before performing any maintenance, repair or cleaning work on
the unit, make sure the engine and
cutting attachment are completely
stopped. Disconnect the spark plug
wire before performing service or
maintnenance work.
WARNING!
Non-standard parts may not operate properly with your unit and may
cause damage and lead to personal injury.
NOTE:
Using non-standard replacement parts
could invalidate your Shindaiwa warranty.
15
Muffler
This unit must never be operated with
a faulty or missing spark arrester or
muffler. Make sure the muffler is well
secured and in good condition. A worn
or damaged muffler is a fire hazard
and may also cause hearing loss.
Spark Plug
MAINTENANCE
IMPORTANT!
MAINTENANCE, REPLACEMENT
OR REPAIR OF EMISSION
CONTROL DEVICES AND
SYSTEMS MAY BE PERFORMED
BY ANY REPAIR ESTABLISHMENT
OR INDIVIDUAL; HOWEVER,
WARRANTY REPAIRS MUST BE
PERFORMED BY A DEALER OR
SERVICE CENTER AUTHORIZED
BY SHINDAIWA KOGYO CO.,
LTD. THE USE OF PARTS THAT
ARE NOT EQUIVALENT IN
PERFORMANCE AND DURABILITY
TO AUTHORIZED PARTS MAY
IMPAIR THE EFFECTIVENESS OF
THE EMISSION CONTROL SYSTEM
AND MAY HAVE A BEARING ON
THE OUTCOME OF A WARRANTY
CLAIM.
Keep the spark plug and wire connections tight and clean.
Fasteners
Make sure nuts, bolts, and screws
(except carburetor adjusting screws)
are tight.
Daily Maintenance
Prior to each work day, perform the
following:
 Remove dirt or debris from the engine, check the cooling fins and air
cleaner for clogging and clean them
as necessary.
 Carefully remove any accumulation
of dirt or debris from the muffler or
the fuel tank. Dirt build-up in these
areas could cause engine overheating, induce premature wear, or
create a fire hazard.
 Check for loose or missing screws
or components. Make sure the
cutting attachment is securely fastened.
 Check the entire unit for leaking
fuel or grease.
10-Hour Maintenance
Loosen Knob
Remove and clean or
replace the element
Figure 15
Every 10 hours of operation
(more frequently in dusty or
dirty conditions):
Remove the air cleaner element from
the carburetor and clean it thoroughly
with soap and water or compressed
air. Let dry before reassembling the
element. See Figure 15.
CAUTION!
Do not operate the unit if the air
cleaner or element is damaged, or
if the element is wet.
10/15-Hour Maintenance
Clean the spark plug
and check the gap at
the electrode.
0.024 inch
(0.6 mm)
MAINTENANCE
M23016
Figure 16
Every 10 to 15 hours of operation: Remove and clean the spark
plug. Adjust the spark plug electrode
gap to 0.024-inch (0.6 mm). If the
plug must be replaced, use only a
Champion CJ8 or equivalent type spark
plug of the correct heat range. For
Electromagnetic Compliance (EMC)
use NGK BMR6A. See Figure 16.
CAUTION!
Before removing the spark plug,
clean the area around the plug to
prevent dirt and debris from falling
into internal engine parts.
16
50-hour Maintenance
Every 50 hours of operation
(more frequently in dusty or dirty
conditions):
 Remove and clean the cylinder
cover and clean grass and dirt from
the cylinder fins.
MAINTENANCE
 Use a hooked wire to extract the
fuel filter from inside the fuel tank.
See Figure 17. Remove and replace
the filter element. Before reinstalling the filter, inspect the condition of the fuel line. If damage or
deterioration are noted, the M231
Multipurpose Tool Carrier should
be removed from service until it can
be inspected by a Shindaiwa-trained
service technician.
17
CAUTION!
Make sure you do not pierce the
fuel line with the end of the hooked
wire, the line is delicate and can be
damaged easily.
Hooked
Wire
23138
Figure 17
Filter Element
135-hour Maintenace
Every 135 hours of operation,
remove and clean the muffler.
WARNING!
Never operate the unit with a damaged or missing muffler or spark
arrester! Operating with missing or
damaged exhaust components is a
fire hazard and could also damage
your hearing.
1. Remove the spark plug boot.
2. Remove the two 4 mm engine cover
screws (located at the top of the
recoil housing).
3. Loosen the 5 mm engine top cover
screw (the screw is captive) and lift
the cover from the engine.
5. Remove the rear muffler shield
socket head screw and, while noting
the orientation of parts, separate the
muffler shield. See Figure 18.
6. Remove the spark arrester screen
and clean with a stiff bristle brush.
7. Gently tap the muffler on a wood
surface to dislodge any loose carbon.
8. Inspect the cylinder exhaust port
for carbon buildup.
9. Reassemble the muffler in the
reverse order of disassembly.
IMPORTANT!
If you note excessive carbon buildup,
consult with an authorized servicing
dealer.
4. Remove the two 5 mm muffler
screws. Remove the lower muffler
screw, then lift the muffler assembly from the engine.
Rear Muffler
Shield
Spark Arrester Screen
Forward
Muffler
Shield
MAINTENANCE
5 mm Muffler
Screws
23139
Rear Muffler
Shield Screw
Muffler
Lower Muffler
Screw
Figure 18
18
Long Term Storage
Whenever the unit will not be used for
30 days or longer, use the following
procedures to prepare it for storage:
To remove the remaining fuel from the
fuel lines and carburetor and with the
fuel drained from the fuel tank:
 Clean external parts thoroughly
and apply a light coating of oil to all
metal surfaces.
1. Prime the primer bulb until no more
fuel is passing through.
 Drain all the fuel from the fuel tank.
IMPORTANT!
All stored fuels should be stabilized
with a fuel stabilizer such as STA-BIL™,
if
oil with fuel stabilizer is not
used.
CAUTION!
Gasoline stored in the carburetor
for extended periods can cause
hard starting and could also lead
to increased service and maintenance cost.
2. Start and run the engine until it
stops running.
3. Repeat steps 1 and 2 until the engine will no longer start.
 Remove the spark plug and pour
about 1/4 ounce of 2-cycle mixing
oil into the cylinder through the
spark plug hole. Slowly pull the
recoil starter 2 or 3 times so oil
will evenly coat the interior of the
engine. Reinstall the spark plug.
 Before storing the unit, repair or
replace any worn or damaged parts.
 Remove the air cleaner element
from the carburetor and clean it
thoroughly with soap and water. Let
dry and reassemble the element.
MAINTENANCE
 Store the unit in a clean, dustfree area.
19
Troubleshooting Guide
ENGINE DOES NOT START
What To Check
Possible Cause
Remedy
Faulty recoil starter.
Fluid in the crankcase.
Internal damage.
Consult with an authorized
servicing dealer.
NO
Loose spark plug.
Excess wear or damage
to cylinder, piston, rings.
Tighten and re-test.
Consult with an authorized
servicing dealer.
NO
Fuel incorrect, stale, or
contaminated; mixture
incorrect.
Refill with fresh, clean unleaded gasoline
with a pump octane of 87 or higher
mixed with a 2-cycle air cooled mixing
oil that meets or exceeds ISO-L-EGD
and/or JASO FC classified oils at
50:1 gasoline/oil ratio.
NO
Check for clogged fuel
filter and/or vent.
Clean as required;
restart.
The ignition switch
is in “O” (OFF) position.
Shorted ignition ground.
Faulty ignition unit.
Move switch to “I” (ON)
position and re-start.
Consult with an authorized
servicing dealer.
If the plug is wet, excess
fuel may be in the
cylinder.
Crank the engine with the
plug removed, replace the
plug, and re-start.
The plug is fouled
or improperly gapped.
Clean and re-gap the plug to
0.024 inch (0.6 mm). Re-start.
The plug is damaged
internally or of the
wrong size.
Replace the plug with a CJ8 or equivalent
resistor type spark plug of the correct
heat range. Set spark plug electrode
gap to 0.024-0.028 inch (0.6-0.7 mm).
For Electromagnetic compliance
(EMC) use NGK BMR6A. Restart.
Does the engine NO
crank?
YES
Good
compression?
YES
Does the tank
contain fresh
fuel of the
proper grade?
YES
Is fuel visible
and moving in
the return line
when priming?
YES
Is there spark at NO
the spark plug
wire terminal?
YES
Check the
spark plug.
TROUBLESHOOTING
20
Troubleshooting Guide (Continued)
LOW POWER OUTPUT
What To Check
Is the engine
overheating?
Engine is rough
at all speeds.
May also have
black smoke
and/or unburned
fuel at the
exhaust.
Possible Cause
Remedy
Operator is overworking
the machine.
Shorten trimmer line. Cut at
a slower rate.
Carburetor mixture is
too lean.
Consult with an authorized
servicing dealer.
Improper fuel ratio.
Refill with fresh, clean unleaded gasoline
with a pump octane of 87 or higher
mixed with a 2-cycle air cooled mixing
oil that meets or exceeds ISO-L-EGD
and/or JASO FC classified oils at
50:1 gasoline/oil ratio.
Fan, fan cover, cylinder
fins dirty or damaged.
Clean, repair or replace
as necessary.
Carbon deposits on the
piston or in the muffler.
Consult with an authorized
servicing dealer.
Clogged air cleaner.
Service the air cleaner element.
Loose or damaged
spark plug.
Tighten or replace. Replace the plug
with a CJ8 or equivalent resistor type
spark plug of the correct heat range.
Set spark plug electrode gap to
0.024-0.028 inch (0.6-0.7 mm).
For Electromagnetic compliance
(EMC) use NGK BMR6A. Restart.
Air leakage or clogged
fuel line.
Repair
or replace filter and/or fuel line.
Water in the fuel.
Replace the fuel.
Piston seizure.
Consult with an authorized
servicing dealer.
Faulty carburetor and/or Consult with an authorized
diaphragm.
servicing dealer.
TROUBLESHOOTING
Engine is
knocking.
21
Overheating condition.
See above.
Improper fuel.
Check fuel octane rating;
check for presence of
alcohol in the fuel (pg. 10).
Refuel as necessary.
Carbon deposits in the
combustion chamber.
Consult with an authorized
servicing dealer.
Troubleshooting Guide (Continued)
ADDITIONAL PROBLEMS
Symptom
Poor
acceleration.
Engine stops
abruptly.
Engine difficult
to shut off.
Remedy
Clogged air cleaner.
Clean the air cleaner element.
Clogged fuel filter.
Replace the fuel filter.
Lean fuel/air
mixture.
Consult with an authorized
servicing dealer.
Idle speed set too low.
Adjust: 2750 (±250) rpm (min-1)
Switch turned off.
Reset the switch and re-start.
Fuel tank empty.
Refuel.
Clogged fuel filter.
Replace filter.
Water in the fuel.
Refill with fresh, clean unleaded gasoline
with a pump octane of 87 or higher
mixed with a 2-cycle air cooled mixing
oil that meets or exceeds ISO-L-EGD
and/or JASO FC classified oils at
50:1 gasoline/oil ratio.
Shorted spark plug or
loose terminal.
Tighten or replace the plug
with a CJ8 or equivalent resistor type
spark plug of the correct heat range.
Set spark plug electrode gap to
0.024-0.028 inch (0.6-0.7 mm).
For Electromagnetic compliance
(EMC) use NGK BMR6A. Restart.
Ignition failure.
Replace the ignition unit.
Piston seizure.
Consult with an authorized
servicing dealer.
Ground (stop) wire is
disconnected or switch
is defective.
Test and replace
as required.
Overheating due to
incorrect spark plug.
Replace the plug with a CJ8 or
equivalent resistor type
spark plug of the correct heat range.
Set spark plug electrode gap to
0.024-0.028 inch (0.6-0.7 mm).
For Electromagnetic compliance
(EMC) use NGK BMR6A. Restart.
Overheated engine.
Idle engine until cool.
Refer to page 21 (overheated engine)
Engine idle too high.
Set idle: 2750 (±250) rpm (min-1)
Broken clutch spring or
worn clutch spring boss.
Replace spring/shoes as
required, check idle speed.
Loose attachment holder. Inspect and re-tighten
holders securely.
22
TROUBLESHOOTING
Cutting
attachment
rotates at
engine idle.
Possible Cause
Troubleshooting Guide (Continued)
ADDITIONAL PROBLEMS
Symptom
Excessive
vibration.
Possible Cause
Remedy
Warped or damaged
attachment.
Inspect and replace
attachment as required.
Loose gearcase.
Tighten gearcase securely.
Bent main shaft/worn or Inspect and replace
damaged bushings.
as necessary.
TROUBLESHOOTING
Cutting
attachment will
not rotate.
23
Shaft not installed
in powerhead or
gearcase.
Inspect and reinstall
as required.
Broken shaft.
Consult with an authorized
servicing dealer.
Damaged gearcase.
Consult with an authorized
servicing dealer.
Emission System Warranty Statement
Your Warranty Rights and
Obligations
Manufacturer’s Warranty
Coverage
The California Air Resources Board,
the U.S. Environmental Protection
Agency and Shindaiwa Kogyo Co., Ltd.
are pleased to explain the emission
control system warranty on your new
small off-road (non-road) engine.
When sold within the U.S., this
engine’s emission control system is
warranted for a period of two (2) years
from the date this product is first delivered to the original retail purchaser.
In California, new small off-road
engines must be designed, built, and
equipped to meet the State’s stringent
anti-smog standards. In other states,
new 1997 and later non-road engines
must meet the Federal EPA’s stringent
anti-smog standards. Shindaiwa Kogyo
Co., Ltd. must warrant the emission
control system on your small off-road
engine for the periods of time listed below, provided there has been no abuse,
neglect, or improper maintenance of
your small off-road engine.
Your engine emission control
system includes parts such as the
carburetor, the ignition system and,
if equipped, the catalytic converter.
These components are specifically
listed below.
Where a warrantable condition
exists, Shindaiwa Kogyo Co., Ltd. will
repair your small off-road engine at no
cost to you including diagnosis, parts,
and labor.
During the warranty period,
Shindaiwa Kogyo Co., Ltd. will, at their
option, repair or replace any defective
emission-related component on this
engine. During the original Warranty
Period, these Warranty Rights are automatically transferable to subsequent
owners of this product.
What is Covered by this
Warranty
1. Carburetor Internal Components
 Throttle Valve, Needle, Jet,
Metering Diaphragm
2. Ignition System Components
 Ignition Coil
 Flywheel Rotor
3. Catalytic Converter (if originally
equipped)
The emission control system for
your particular Shindaiwa engine may
also include certain related hoses and
connectors.
24
Owners Warranty
Responsibilities
As the small off-road engine
owner, you are responsible for the
performance of the required maintenance listed in this owners manual.
Shindaiwa Kogyo Co., Ltd. recommends that you retain all receipts
covering maintenance on your small
off-road engine, but Shindaiwa Kogyo
Co., Ltd. cannot deny warranty solely
for the lack of receipts or for your
failure to ensure the performance of all
scheduled maintenance.
As the small off-road engine owner,
you should be aware, however, that
Shindaiwa Kogyo Co., Ltd. may deny
you warranty coverage if your small
off-road engine or a part has failed due
to abuse, neglect, improper maintenance, or unapproved modifications.
You are responsible for presenting
your small off-road engine to an authorized Shindaiwa Dealer as soon as a
problem exists. The warranty repairs
should be completed in a reasonable
amount of time, not to exceed 30 days.
If you have any questions regarding
your warranty rights and responsibilities, you should contact a Shindaiwa
customer service representative at
(503) 692-3070 or your local
Shindaiwa Dealer.
25
Consequential Damages
In the event that other component
parts of this product are damaged
by the failure of a warranted part,
Shindaiwa Kogyo Co., Ltd. will repair
or replace such component parts at no
charge to you.
What is Not Covered
 Failures caused by abuse, neglect,
or improper maintenance
procedures.
 Failures caused by the use of
modified or non-approved parts or
attachments.
This Warranty is Administered by:
Shindaiwa Inc.
11975 S.W. Herman Rd.
Tualatin, OR 97062
(503) 692-3070
NOTES
26
®
Shindaiwa Inc.
11975 S.W. Herman Rd.
Tualatin, Oregon 97062 USA
Telephone: 503 692-3070
Fax:
503 692-6696
www.shindaiwa.com
Shindaiwa Kogyo Co., Ltd.
Head Office:
6-2-11, Ozuka-Nishi
Asaminami-Ku, Hiroshima
731-3167, Japan
Telephone: 81-82-849-2220
Fax:
81-82-849-2481
©2005 Shindaiwa, Inc.
Part Number 65008-94011
Revision 12/05
Shindaiwa is a registered trademark
of Shindaiwa, Inc.
Specifications subject to change without notice.
Was this manual useful for you? yes no
Thank you for your participation!

* Your assessment is very important for improving the work of artificial intelligence, which forms the content of this project

Download PDF

advertising