Metallurgical Engineering

Metallurgical Engineering
Metallurgical & Materials Engineering.
Mathematics – III
Physics II
Mathematics – IV
Transport Phenomenon
Material Science
C++ & Object Oriented Programming
Materials Processing
Engg. Economics & Costing
Organizational Behaviour
Organizational Behavior
Introduction to Physical Metallurgy
Metallurgical Thermodynamics &
Credits (Theory)
Engg. Economics & Costing
Principles of Extractive Metallurgy
Free Elective- I (any one)
Database Management System
Analog and Digital Electronics
Energy Conversion Techniques
Mechanics of Solids
Credits (Theory)
Free Elective- I (any one)
Database Management System Laboratory
Analog and Digital Electronics Laboratory
Energy Conversion Techniques Laboratory
Mechanical Engineering Laboratory
BECS7212 C++ & Object Oriented Programming Lab
Materials Processing Lab
PCMT7201 Physical Metallurgy Lab
Materials Characterization Lab
Credits (Practicals / Sessionals)
Credits (Practicals / Sessionals)
BSCM1205 Mathematics
(18 hours)
Partial differential equation of first order, Linear partial differential equation, Non-linear partial
differential equation, Homogenous and non-homogeneous partial differential equation with constant
co-efficient, Cauchy type, Monge’s method, Second order partial differential equation
The vibrating string, the wave equation and its solution, the heat equation and its solution, Two
dimensional wave equation and its solution, Laplace equation in polar, cylindrical and spherical
coordinates, potential.
(12 hours)
Complex Analysis:
Analytic function, Cauchy-Riemann equations, Laplace equation, Conformal mapping,
Complex integration: Line integral in the complex plane, Cauchy’s integral theorem, Cauchy’s
integral formula, Derivatives of analytic functions
Module –III
(10 hours)
Power Series, Taylor’s series, Laurent’s series, Singularities and zeros, Residue integration
method, evaluation of real integrals.
Text books:
1. E. Kreyszig,” Advanced Engineering Mathematics:, Eighth Edition, Wiley India
Reading Chapters: 11,12(except 12.10),13,14,15
2. B.V. Ramana, “ Higher Engineering Mathematics”, McGraw Hill Education, 2008
Reading chapter: 18
Reference books:
1. E.B. Saff, A.D.Snider, “ Fundamental of Complex Analysis”, Third Edition, Pearson
Education, New Delhi
2. P. V. O’Neil, “Advanced Engineering Mathematics”, CENGAGE Learning, New Delhi
BSCP 1206
This one semester physics course is divided into three (Modules). Module-I deals with some aspects of
nuclear accelerators, Module-II introduces certain features of condensed matter physics and Module-III
deals with certain aspects of fibre optics and different types of lasers and crystal defects.
This unit covers the basic principles and applications of different types of accelerators and their important
Need for nuclear accelerators.
D.C. Accelerators: Cockcroft-Walton, Van de Graff, Tandem accelerators.
R.F. Accelerators: Linear accelerators, cyclotrons, electron accelerator, betatron.
Application of nuclear accelerators - Production of radio isotopes, Radiation processing of materials, medical
This unit covers the basic principle, properties of nanoparticles.
Properties, Classification & characterization of nanoparticles, fabrication of nanoparticles, Structure of
carbon nanotubes, types of carbon nanotubes, Properties of (Electrical, thermal) carbon nanotubes,
Quantum Dots.
Study of crystal structure by diffractions methods, Bragg’s condition for crystal diffraction, Laue’s Condition,
Miller indices, Reciprocal laltice, Geometrical Structure factor, Atomic form factor.
Energy bands in solids: Kronig-Penney model, allowed bands and forbidden gaps, elemental and compound
Superconductivity: Superconductors and their properties, Meisner’s effect, Type-I and Type-II
superconductors, thermodynamic properties of superconductors, London equation, Application of
Defects in crystal:-Schottky and Frenkel defects, color centres, dislocation.
Laser: - Principle of lasing, Properties of laser, Ruby laser, He-Ne laser, semiconductor laser(construction
and working). Application of laser.
LED: Principle, construction of operation and application, Introduction to fiber optics, basic characteristics of
optical fibers, optical fibre communication system.
Books Recommended
Text books
(1) Concepts in Engineering Physics,Md.N.Khan
(2) Physics-II, B.B.Swain, P.K.Jena.
Reference Books
(3).Principles of Nanotechnology, Phani Kumar
(4) Physics-II, Randhir Singh, Shakti Mohanty,
(5) Physics-II, A.Serway,W.Jewett
(6) Solid state Physics, W.Ashcroft, N.David Mermin,
(7) Introduction to Solid State Physics, C.Kittel,
(8) Solid State Physics, Dan Wei
BSMS 1209 Material
1. Classification of Engineering Materials. Engineering properties of materials. Selection of Materials.
2. Electron theory of solids : Free electron theory of metals. Electrical conductivity; Thermal conductivity,
Quantum theory of free electrons. Band theory of solids, Conductivity of metals
3. Conductors, Insulators, Semiconductors, Intrinsic and extrinsic semiconductors, Band theory of semi
conductors Hall effect.
4. Super Conductors – Zero resistivity, Critical magnetic field and critical current density. Type I and II super
conductors. Applications of Supercoductors.
5. Dielectric Materials : Microscopic Displacement of atoms and molecules in an external dc electric field,
Polarization and dielectric constant, Dielectric _nitially_lity. Temperature dependence, Dielectric Breakdown.
Ferro electric material Piezoelectrics, Pyroelectrics, Dielectric Materials as electrical isulators.
6. Magentic Properties of Materials : Dia, Para and Ferro magenetic materials. Theory of magnetism, Ferro
magnetic materials or Ferrites, Comparison of magnetic behaviour and magnetic parameters of Dia, Para and
Ferro magnetic materials.
7. Optical Properties of Materials : Scattering, Refraction, Theory of Refraction and absorption, Atomic Theory of
optical properties. Lasers, Optical fibres – Principle, structure, application of optical fibre.
8. Plastics – Types : Thermosetting and thermoplastics. Transfer moulding, injection moulding, extension
moulding, Blow moulding, Welding of plastics; Rubber types, application.
9. Ceramics : Types, Structure, Mechanical properties, applications
10.Composite Materials : Agglomerated Materials : Cermets, Reinforced Materials : Reinforced Concrete. Glass
fibre reinforced plastics, Carbon fiber reinforced plastics. Whiskers, fiber reinforced plastics, Laminated plastic
sheets. Tufnol, Properties of composites. Metal matrix composites, manufacturing procedure for fibre
reinforced composites.
11.Environmental Degradation:Oxidation-Direct atmospheric attack,Aqueous corrosion-Electro chemical
attack,Glavanic two –metal corrosion,corrosion by Gaseous reduction, Effect of mechanical stress on
corrosion,method of corrosion prevention
Text book:
1. Vijaya M. S., Rangarajan G, Materials Science, TMH
2.Introduction to Materials science for engineers by James.F.shackelford,Madanapalli.k.Muralidhara ,Pearson(sixth edition)
Reference Book:
1. Rajendra V., Marikani A., Materials Science, TMH
2. Van Vlack L. H., Elements of Material Science and Engineering, Addison Wesley
3. Raghavan , Material Science
4. Callister W.D., Materials Science and Engineering, John Wiley & Sons.
5. Smith, Materials Science & Engineering.Mc. Graw Hill.
6. Processes and Material of manufacture : Lindberg, PHI.
BECS2212 C++
& Object Oriented Programming
Module I
(08 hrs)
Introduction to object oriented programming, user defined types, structures, unions, polymorphism,
encapsulation. Getting started with C++ syntax, data-type, variables, strings, functions, default
values in functions, recursion, namespaces, operators, flow control, arrays and pointers.
Module II
(16 hrs)
Abstraction mechanism: Classes, private, public, constructors, destructors, member data, member
functions, inline function, friend functions, static members, and references.
Inheritance: Class hierarchy, derived classes, single inheritance, multiple, multilevel, hybrid
inheritance, role of virtual base class, constructor and destructor execution, base initialization using
derived class constructors.
Polymorphism: Binding, Static binding, Dynamic binding, Static polymorphism: Function
Overloading, Ambiguity in function overloading, Dynamic polymorphism: Base class pointer, object
slicing, late binding, method overriding with virtual functions, pure virtual functions, abstract
Operator Overloading: This pointer, applications of this pointer, Operator function, member and non
member operator function, operator overloading, I/O operators.
Exception handling: Try, throw, and catch, exceptions and derived classes, function exception
Module III
(08 hrs)
Dynamic memory management, new and delete operators, object copying, copy constructor,
assignment operator, virtual destructor.
Template: template classes, template functions.
Namespaces: user defined namespaces, namespaces provided by library.
Text Books:
Object Oriented Programming with C++ - E. Balagurusamy, McGraw-Hill Education
ANSI and Turbo C++ - Ashoke N. Kamthane, Pearson Education
Reference Books:
Big C++ - Wiley India
C++: The Complete Reference- Schildt, McGraw-Hill Education (India)
“C++ and Object Oriented Programming” – Jana, PHI Learning.
“Object Oriented Programming with C++ “- Rajiv Sahay, Oxford
Mastering C++ - Venugopal, McGraw-Hill Education (India)
“Object Oriented Programming with C++”, David Parsons, Cengage Learning.
HSSM3204 Engineering
Economics & Costing
(12 hours)
Engineering Economics – Nature and scope, General concepts on micro & macro economics. The
Theory of demand, Demand function, Law of demand and its exceptions, Elasticity of demand, Law
of supply and elasticity of supply. Determination of equilibrium price under perfect competition
(Simple numerical problems to be solved). Theory of production, Law of variable proportion, Law of
returns to scale.
(12 hours)
Time value of money – Simple and compound interest, Cash flow diagram, Principle of economic
equivalence. Evaluation of engineering projects – Present worth method, Future worth method,
Annual worth method, internal rate of return method, Cost-benefit analysis in public projects.
Depreciation policy, Depreciation of capital assets, Causes of depreciation, Straight line method
and declining balance method.
(12 hours)
Cost concepts, Elements of costs, Preparation of cost sheet, Segregation of costs into fixed and
variable costs. Break-even analysis-Linear approach. (Simple numerical problems to be solved)
Banking: Meaning and functions of commercial banks; functions of Reserve Bank of India.
Overview of Indian Financial system.
Text Books:
1. Riggs, Bedworth and Randhwa, “Engineering Economics”, McGraw Hill Education India.
2. M.D. Mithani, Principles of Economics.
Reference Books :
Sasmita Mishra, “Engineering Economics & Costing “, PHI
Sullivan and Wicks, “ Engineering Economy”, Pearson
R.Paneer Seelvan, “ Engineering Economics”, PHI
Gupta, “ Managerial Economics”, TMH
Lal and Srivastav, “ Cost Accounting”, TMH
HSSM 3205 Organizational
Module I :
The study of Organizational Behaviour : Defination and Meaning, Why Study OB
Learning – Nature of Learning, How Learning occurs, Learning and OB.
Foundations of Individual Behaviour : Personality – Meaning and Defination, Determinants of Personality,
Personality Traits, Personality and OB.
Perception – Meaning and Definition, Perceptual Process, Importance of Perception in OB. Motivation –
Nature and Importance, Herzberg’s Two Factor Theory, Maslow’s Need Hierarchy Theory, Alderfer’s ERG
Theory, Evaluations.
Module II :
Organizational Behaviour Process : Communication – Importance, Types, Gateways and Barriers to
Communication, Communication as a tool for improving Interpersonal Effectiveness, Groups in
Organizations – Nature, Types, Why do people join groups, Group Cohesiveness and Group Decisionmaking Managerial Implications, Effective Team Building. Leadership-Leadership & Management, Theories
of Leadership-Trait theory, Leader Behaviour theory, Contingency Theory, Leadership and Followership,
How to be an effective Leader, Confict-Nature of Conflict and Conflict Resolution. An Introduction to
Transactional Analysis (TA).
Module-III :
Organization : Organizational Culture – Meaning and Definition, Culture and Organizational Effectiveness.
Introduction to Human Resource Management-Selection, Orientation, Training and Development,
Performance Appraisal, Incentives Organizational Change – Importance of Change, Planned Change and OB
techniques. International Organisational Behaviour – Trends in International Business, Cultural Differences
and Similarities, Individual and Interpersonal Behaviour in Global Perspective.
Text Books :
1. Keith Davis, Organisational Behaviour, McGraw-Hill.
2. K.Aswathappa, Organisational Behaviour, Himalaya Publishing House.
Reference Books :
1. Stephen P. Robbins, Organisational Behaviour, Prentice Hall of India
2. Pradip N. Khandelwal, Organizational Behaviour, McGraw-Hill, New Delhi.
3. Uma Sekaran, “Organizational Behaviour”, TATA McGraw-Hill, New Delhi.
4. Steven L McShane, Mary Ann Von Glinow, Radha R Sharma” Organizational
Behaviour” , TATA McGraw- Hill.
5. D.K. Bhattachayya, “Organizational Behaviour”, Oxford University Press
6. K.B.L.Srivastava & A.K.Samantaray, “Organizational Behaviour” India Tech
7. Kavita Singh, “Organizational Behaviour”, Pearson
PCMT4201 Introduction
to Physical Metallurgy
Module I
(14 Hours)
1. Characteristic property of Metals, bonding in solids, primary bonds like ionic, covalent and metallic bond,
crystal systems, common crystal structure of metals, representations of planes and directions in crystals,
atomic packing in crystals, calculation of packing density, voids in common crystal structures and
imperfections in crystals.
2. Solidification of pure metals, homogeneous and heterogeneous nucleation processes, cooling curve,
concept of supercooling, microstructures of pure metals, solidification of metal in ingot mould.
3. Concept of plastic deformation of metals, critical resolve shear stress, dislocation theory, deformation by
slip and twin, plastic deformation in polycrystalline metals, yield point phenomenon and related effects,
concept of cold working, preferred orientation. Annealing: recovery; recrystallization and grain growth;
Module II
(14 Hours)
1. Concept of alloy formation, types of alloys, solid solutions, factors governing solid solubility viz. size
factor, valency factor, crystal structure factor and chemical affinity factor; order- disorder transformation.
2. Binary phase diagrams: (a) Isomorphous system, (b) Eutectic system, (c) Peritectic system, (d)
Eutectoid system and (e) Peritectoid system. Allotropic transformation. Lever rule and its application,
Interpretation of solidification behaviour and microstructure of different alloys belonging to those
systems, Effect of non-equilibrium cooling, coring and homogenization.
3. Iron-cementite and iron-graphite phase diagrams, microstructure and properties of different alloys (both
steels and cast irons), types of cast iron, their microstructures and typical uses.
Module III
(14 Hours)
1. T-T-T diagram: Concept of heat treatment of steels i.e. annealing, normalizing, hardening and
tempering; microstructural effects brought about by these processes and their influences on mechanical
2. Effect of common alloying elements on the equilibrium and T-T-T diagrams, concept of hardenability,
factors affecting hardenability.
3. Common alloy steels, stainless steel, tool steel, high speed steel, high strength low alloy steel,
microalloyed steel, specification of steels.
4. Physical metallurgy of common nonferrous alloys: Cu-Zn, Cu-Sn, Cu-Al systems, Microstructures and
heat treatment of common alloys of these systems.
1. Physical Metallurgy Principles by Robert E Reed-Hill, East West Press.
2. Materials Science and Engineering by W.D.Callister, Wiley and Sons Inc.
2. Introduction to Physical Metallurgy by S.H. Avner, McGraw Hill Publishing Co. Ltd.
3. Engineering Physical Metallurgy and Heat Treatment by Y.Lakhtin, Mir Publisher, Moscow.
4. Material Science & Metallurgy, C.D. Yesudian & D.G.Hassis Samuel, SCI Tech.
5. Principles of Materials Science and Engineering by W.F.Smith, McGraw Hill.
6. Materials Science and Engineering by V.Raghavan, Prentice Hall of India Pvt. Ltd.
7. Introduction to Physical Metallurgy by Raghavan, Prentice Hall of India Pvt. Ltd.
8. An Introduction to Metallurgy, Sir Alan Cottrell, University Press.
9. Engineering Materials by Murthy, Jena, Gupta, Tata McGraw Hill.
PCMT4202 Metallurgical
Thermodynamics & Kinetics
Module I
(15 Hours)
Importance of Thermodynamics, definition of thermodynamic terms; concept of states, simple equilibrium.
Equation of states, extensive and intensive properties, homogeneous and heterogeneous systems. Phase
diagram of a single component system. Internal energy, heat capacity, enthalpy, isothermal, and adiabatic
Second law of thermodynamics, entropy, degree of reversibility and irreversibility, criteria of equilibrium,
auxiliary functions, combined statements, Maxwell’s relations, transformation formula, Gibbs-Helmoltz
Concept of Third law of thermodynamics, temperature dependence of entropy, statistical interpretation of
entropy, Debye and Einstein concept of heat capacity, relation between Cp and Cv, consequences of third law.
Module II
(13 Hours)
Fugacity, activity, equilibrium constant, use of S-functions, controlled atmospheres, homogeneous and
heterogeneous equilibria.
Ellingham – Richardson diagrams, phase stability diagrams.
Solutions: partial molal quantities, ideal and non-ideal solutions, Henry’s law, Gibbs – Duhem equation,
regular solution, quasi-chemical approach to solution, statistical treatment. One weight percentage standard
state, chemical potential, phase relations and phase rule – its applications.
Module III
(15 Hours)
Free energy – composition diagrams for binary alloy systems, determination of liquidus, solidus and solvus
lines. Effect of pressure on phase transformation and phase equilibria.
Thermodynamics of electrochemical cells, solid electrolytes. Thermodynamics of point defects in solids.
Introduction to metallurgical kinetics: heterogeneous reaction kinetics: gas-solid, solid – liquid, liquid –
liquid and solid-solid systems. Empirical and semi-empirical kinetics, concept of Johnson – Mehl equation,
thermal analysis.
1. Introduction to the Thermodynamics of Materials by D.R.Gaskell; Taylor and Francis.
2. Physical Chemistry of Metals by L.S.Darken & R.W. Gurry; McGraw Hill Book Company Inc.
3. Problems in Applied Thermodynamics by C. Bodsworth & A.S. Appleton; Longmans, Green and Co.
4. Introduction to Metallurgical Thermodynamics by R.H.Tupkary; tu publishers, Nagpur.
5. Problems in Metallurgical Thermodynamics & Kinetics by G.S. Upadhyay & R.K.Dube; Pergamon
6. Chemical and Metallurgical Thermodynamics – Part I & II by M.L.Kapoor.
7. Kinetics of Metallurgical Reactions by H.S.Ray; Oxford and IBH Publishing Co.
8. Textbook of Materials and Metallurgical Thermodynamics by A. Ghosh; Prentice Hall of India Pvt.
Communication & Interpersonal skills for
Corporate Readiness Lab.
30 hours
This course will focus on communication in professional (work-related) situations of the kind that
BPUT graduates may expect to encounter on entering the professional domain.
Some typical forms of work-related communication, oral or written, are listed below. Practice
activities for all four skills can be designed around these or similar situations.
Gaining entry into an organization
Preparing job-applications and CVs
Facing an interview
iii. Participating in group discussion (as part of the recruitment process)
In-house communication
Superior/ Senior Î subordinate / junior (individual Î individual / group)
Welcoming new entrants to the organization, introducing the workplace culture
ii. Briefing subordinates / juniors : explaining duties and responsibilities etc.
ii. Motivating subordinates / juniors (‘pep talk’)
iii. Instructing/ directing subordinates/ juniors
iv. Expressing / recording appreciation, praising / rewarding a subordinate or junior
v Reprimanding / correcting / disciplining a subordinate/junior (for a lapse) ; asking
for an explanation etc.
Subordinate / Junior Î Superior / Senior
Responding to the above
Reporting problems / difficulties / deficiencies
Offering suggestions
C++ & Object Oriented Programming Lab
1. Programs on concept of classes and objects.(1 class)
2. Programs using inheritance.(1 class)
3. Programs using static polymorphism.(1 class)
4. Programs on dynamic polymorphism.(1 class)
5. Programs on operator overloading.(1 class)
6. Programs on dynamic memory management using new, delete operators.(1 class)
7. Programs on copy constructor and usage of assignment operator.(1 class)
8. Programs on exception handling .(1 class)
9. Programs on generic programming using template function & template class.(1 class)
10. Programs on file handling.(1 class)
Physical Metallurgy Lab
Suggested experiments:
1. Preparation of metallurgical sample for microscopic observation.
2. Study of Metallurgical Microscope and familiarity with its components.
3. Determination of cooling curves of pure metals like Pb, Zn and Sn. Also acquaintance to
differential cooling curves.
4. Microstructure of pure metals.
5. Microstructure of isomorphous alloys belonging to Cu-Zn, Cu-Sn and Cu-Ni systems..
6. Effect of cold working on hardness and microstructures of metals like Cu.
7. Recrystalization and grain growth in cold worked and annealed Cu.
8. Microstructure of plain carbon annealed steels with variation in carbon content
4th Semester
Mathematics – IV
(20 hours)
Numerical methods:
Approximation and round of errors, Truncation error and Taylor’s series
Roots of equation: The bisection method, the false-position method, fixed point iteration, the
Newton-Raphson method, Muller’s method
Linear algebraic equation: LU decomposition, the matrix inverse, Gauss-Seidel method
Interpolation: Newton divided difference interpolation, Lagrange Interpolation, Newton’s forward
and backward interpolation.
Numerical integration: The trapezoidal rule, The Simpson’s rules, Gauss quadrature
Ordinary differential equation: Euler’s method, Improvement of Euler’s method, Runge-Kutta
(10 Hours)
Probability, Random variables, Probability distributions, Mean and variance of distribution,
Binomial, Poisson and Hypergeometric distributions, Normal distribution, Distribution of several
random variables.
(10 Hours)
Mathematical Statistics:
Random sampling, Estimation of Parameters, Confidence Intervals, Testing of hypothesis,
Acceptance sampling, Chi square test for goodness of fit , Regression Analysis, Fitting Straight
Lines, Correlation analysis.
Text books:
1. S. C. Chapra and R. P. Canale, “ Numerical methods for Engineers”, Fifth Edition, McGraw Hill
Reading Chapters : 2, 3(3.1, 3.2), 4(4.2, 4.3), 5(5.1, 5.2, 5.3), 6(6.4), 9(9.1, 9.2), 10(10.2),
13(13.1,13.2,13.5), 16(16.1, 16.2), 17(17.3), 20(20.1, 20.2, 20.3)
2. E. Kreyszig,” Advanced Engineering Mathematics:, Eighth Edition, Wiley India
Reading Chapters: 22, 23( except 23.5 and 23.8)
Reference books:
1. Jay L. Devore, “Probability and Statistics for Engineering and Sciences”,
Seventh Edition, Thomson/CENGAGE Learning India Pvt. Ltd
2. P. V.O’Neil, “Advanced Engineering Mathematics”, CENGAGE Learning, New Delhi
PCMT4205 Transport
Module I
(13 hours)
Momentum transfer (fluid flow): Physical Properties of Fluid, Fluid static, Newtonian and nonNewtonian fluids, factors affecting viscosity, estimation of viscosity of gases, gas mixtures, liquid
metals and slags; equations of fluid flow and their metallurgical applications, overall energy balance
approach for turbulent flow, friction factor; flow through packed and fluidized beds, interaction of
gas jets and liquid metals; theory of similarity, dimensional analysis.
Module II
(12 hours)
Heat transfer: Factors affecting thermal conductivity of gases, liquids, solid metals and alloys and
composites; equations and correlations of convective heat transfer and their metallurgical
applications, laws of radiative heat transfer, view factor, radiative heat exchange in furnaces
containing transparent and absorbing media; conductive heat transfer in solid materials under
steady state and unsteady state conditions, heat transfer with change of state
Module III
(15 hours)
Mass transfer: Mass transfer by diffusion, factors affecting diffusivity in solid and liquid metals and
gases, diffusion through porous materials; general equation of mass transfer with diffusion,
convection and chemical reaction, mass transfer co-efficient and its models, mass transfer
correlations and their applications; gas-solid reaction.
Application of transport phenomena in modeling and simulation: theory of similarity and
dimensional analysis, case studies; some case studies of mathematical modeling in metallurgical
systems – gas stirred ladle, continuous casting etc…
Books for Reference:1.
Transport Phenomena by R. B. Bird, W. E. Stewart and E. N. Lightfoot, Wiley, 1960
Transport Phenomena in Metallurgy by G. H. Geiger and D. R. Poirier, Addison-Wesley, 1973.
Rate Phenomena in Process Metallurgy by J. Szekely and N. J. Themelis
Rate Processes in Metallurgy by A. K. Mohanty, PHI
PCMT4204 Materials
Module I
(16 hours)
Introduction to metal casting, Moulding methods, materials and processes, with special reference
to patterns, sand and binders. Solidification of short & long freezing range alloy castings, Gating
and Risering of castings.
Melting practices for ferrous and non-ferrous alloys-Cupola, rotary furnace, induction furnace,
crucible furnace melting.
Casting defects and remedy. Special casting processes.
Module II
(13 hours)
Introduction to metal joining processes. Theory and classification of welding processes.
Metallurgical principles involved in welding of carbon and alloy steels and important nonferrous
alloys. Welding defects and their remedies.
Module III
(13 hours)
Basic processes in Powder Metallurgy, Characteristics of powders. Compaction in rigid dies.
Sintering of metal powders. Application of powder metallurgy products-their relative advantages.
Books for reference:
1. Casting by J. Campbell , Butterworth - Haneman, London, 1993
2. Solidification Processing by M.C. Flemings, McGraw Hills, 1974.
3. Principles of Metal Casting by Heine, Loper, Rosenthal,.
4. Welding by Little, TMH.
5. Welding by A.C. Davies, Cambridge University Press.
6. Metallurgy of Welding, Brazing and Soldering by J.F.Lancaster.
7. Metallurgy of Welding by Sefarin, John Wiley.
8. Welding Hand Book, Vol-I &II.
9. Introduction to Powder Metallurgy by F.V.Lenel
10. Powder Metallurgy Science by R.M.German
11. Treaties on Powder Metallurgy by Goetzel, Vol-I&II
12. Powder Metallurgy by R.Lsande & C.R.S.Shakespere
13. Powder Metallurgy by A.K.Sinha, Dhanpat Rai
14. Powder Metallurgy, ASM Metals Handbook Vol-7
PCMT4203 Principles
of Extractive Metallurgy
Module I
(12 hours)
Mineral Dressing: Importance of mineral dressing, comminution processes, principles and
methods of separation and classification, principles of flotation with case study.
Module II
(12 hours)
Unit processes in pyrometallurgy: Calcination and roasting, sintering, smelting, converting,
reduction, smelting-reduction, metallothermic and hydrogen reduction; distillation and other
physical and chemical refining methods – their thermodynamic and kinetic treatment with
appropriate examples.
Module III
(16 hours)
Unit processes in hydrometallurgy: Leaching, purification of leach liquor, solvent extraction, ionexchange process, potential-pH diagrams, different metal recovery processes from aqueous
phase, bacteria leaching.
Electrometallurgy: Faraday’s Laws of Electrolysis, concept of overvoltage, limiting current density,
total cell voltage, series and parallel electrical circuits in refining, aqueous and fused salt
electrolysis, electro refining of common metals like Cu, Zn, Ag, Au, Ni, Mn, Al, Mg etc…
Numerical problems relevant to different pyro- , hydro- and elctrometallurgical processes.
Books for Reference:1. Principles of Extractive Metallurgy by T. Rosenqvist.
2. Principles of Extractive Metallurgy by Ahindra Ghosh and H. S. Ray.
3. Unit Processes of Extractive Metallurgy by R. D. Pehlke.
4. Fundamentals of Metallurgical Processes by L. Coudurier, D. W. Hopkins and I. Wilkomirsky.
5. Metallurgical Problems by A. Butts.
6. Electrochemical Engineering by C. L. Mantell.
7. Principles of Mineral Dressing by A. M. Gaudin.
8. Text Book of Ore Dressing by R. H. Richards and C. E. Locks.
9. Element of Ore Dressing by A.E. Taggart.
10. Handbook of Mineral Dressing- Ores and Industrial Minerals by A.E. Taggart.
11. Textbook of Ore Dressing by S.J. Trusscott.
12. Ore Dressing by S.K. Jain.
13. Mineral Processing Technology by Berry A Willis.
Module I :
Database Management System
(10 hours)
Database System Architecture - Data Abstraction, Data Independence, Data Definitions and Data Manipulation
Languages. Data models - Entity Relationship(ER), Mapping ER Model to Relational Model, Network .Relational and
Object Oriented Data Models, Integrity Constraints and Data Manipulation Operations.
Module II :
(12 hours)
Relation Query Languages, Relational Algebra and Relational Calculus, SQL.
Relational Database Design: Domain and Data dependency, Armstrong's Axioms, Normal Forms, Dependency
Preservation, Lossless design.
Query Processing Strategy.
Module III:
(10 hours)
Transaction processing: Recovery and Concurrency Control. Locking and Timestamp based Schedulers.
Database Recovery System: Types of Data Base failure & Types of Database Recovery, Recovery techniques
Text Books:
1. Database System Concepts by Sudarshan, Korth (McGraw-Hill Education )
2. Fundamentals of Database System By Elmasari & Navathe- Pearson Education
References Books:
(1) An introduction to Database System – Bipin Desai, Galgotia Publications
(2) Database System: concept, Design & Application by S.K.Singh (Pearson Education)
(3) Database management system by leon &leon (Vikas publishing House).
(4) Fundamentals of Database Management System – Gillenson, Wiley India
(5) Database Modeling and Design: Logical Design by Toby J. Teorey, Sam S. Lightstone, and
Tom Nadeau, “”, 4th Edition, 2005, Elsevier India Publications, New Delhi
Analog and Digital Electronics
MODULE – I (9 Hurs)
Diode Circuits: Zener Diode Voltage Regulator, Diode Circuits with Time-Varying Sources,
Switching Characteristics of a Diode, Special Purpose Diodes , Rectifiers and Filters.
Small Signal Amplifier: Transistor Hybrid Model, Transistor Biasing, Bias Design, AC Gain, Input
and Output Impedances, Some Special Circuits, Darlington Pairs and Feedback Pairs, Frequency
Response of Single Stage RC Coupled Amplifiers and Multistage Transistor Amplifiers. (5 Hours)
MODULE – II (12 Hours)
Large Signal Amplifiers: Classification, Class-A and Class-B Power Amplifiers Complimentary and
Symmetry Amplifiers, Class-C Amplifiers. .
(4 Hours)
Feed Back Amplifiers and Oscillators: Feedback Concepts, Types of Feedback Circuits, Effects of
Negative Feedback Circuits, Unijunction Oscillator and PLL.
(4 Hours)
Operational Amplifier: Basic Operational Amplifier, Differential Amplifier, Basic Operational
Amplifier Circuits, Application of OPAMPs, Linear Application of OPAMPs, OPAMP Filters. (4
MODULE – III (13 Hours)
Conditional Circuits: Introduction to Digital Electronics Circuits, K-maps and their Simplification,
Adder, Subtractors, Digital Comparator Circuits, Parity Checkers/Generators, Multiplexers and
Decoders, Demultiplexers/Decoders, Programmable Logic Arrays.
(5 Hours)
Sequential Circuits and Systems: Introduction, Memory Cells and Flip-Flops, Resistors, Counters,
Asynchronous Counters, State Diagrams, Memories, ROM and RAM, Digital to Analog and Analog to
Digital Converters (DAC and ADC ).
(5 Hours)
Multivibrators and Switching Regulators: Multivibrators, Analog Multivibrators, 555 Timer, Power
Supply and Regulators
(3 Hours)
Text Books:
Electronics: Analog and Digital, I.J. Nagrath (Selected portions of Chapter 1, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 9, 10, 11),
PHI Learning Pvt. Ltd., New Delhi.
Reference Books:
Millman’s Electronic Devices and Circuits, 2nd Edition, J. Millman, C. Halkias, and S. Jit, Tata
McGraw Hill Education Pvt. Ltd., New Delhi.
Electronic Devices and Circuit Theory, 9th/10th Edition, R.L. Boylestad and L. Nashelsky, Pearson
Education, New Delhi.
Digital Fundamentals, 5th Edition, T.L. Floyd and R.P. Jain, Pearson Education, New Delhi.
Fundamentals of Digital Circuits, 2nd Edition, A. Anand Kumar, PHI Learning Pvt. Ltd., New Delhi.
Energy Conversion Techniques
(10 Hrs)
DC GENERATORS: Constructional features and operating principles, EMF equation, No
Load Characteristics for Separately Excited DC Generator and DC Shunt Generator,
Conditions for Self Excitation, Critical Resistance and Critical Speed, Losses and
DC MOTORS: Speed~Armature Current, Torque~Armature Current and Speed~Torque
Characteristic for (i) Separately Excited DC Motor, (ii) DC Shunt Motor, (iii) DC Series
Motor, Starting, Speed control and application of DC motor.
(10 Hrs)
SINGLE PHASE TRANSFORMERS: Constructional Features, EMF Equation, Turns Ratio,
Open Circuit Test and Short Circuit Test, Losses and Efficiency, Introduction to Three
Phase Transformers: Three Single Phase Transformers Connected as a Bank of Three
Phase Transformer.
Three Phase Induction Motors: Constructional Features of
Squirrel Cage Rotor type and Slip Ring/Wound Rotor type of Induction Motors, Principle
of Operation, Concept of Slip, Slip~Torque Characteristics, Starting of Squirrel Cage
Rotor type and Slip Ring/Wound Rotor type of Induction Motors, Speed Control of
Induction Motors.
Introduction to Single Phase Induction Motors:
Operation and Application.
Construction, Principle of
(10 Hrs)
THREE PHASE SYNCHRONOUS GENERATORS: Constructional Features, Principle of
operation as Alternator, Synchronous reactance, Equivalent circuit of alternator, PowerAngle curve, Synchronization of alternators.
PHASE SYNCHRONOUS MOTORS: Constructional Features, Principle of
Operation, Torque Expression and Phasor Diagram for Synchronous Motor, Electrical
Power and Mechanical Power, Starting and application of Synchronous Motor.
Text Book :
Electric Machines – D P Kothari & I J Nagrath – Tata McGraw Hill.
Reference Book(s):
The Performance and Design of DC Machines – A E Clayton.
Theory and Performance of AC Machines – M G Say
Electrical Machinery – P S Bimbhra – Khanna Publishers.
Electrical Machines – P K Mukherjee and S Chakravorti – Dhanpat Rai Publications.
Electric Machinery – Fitzgerald, Charles Kingsley Jr., S. D. Umans – Tata Mc Graw Hill.
Electric Machinery And Transformers – Guru & Hiziroglu – Oxford University Press.
Electric Machines – Charles Hubert – Pearson Education.
Mechanics of Solids
(14 Lectures)
1. Load, Stress, Principle of St.Venant, Principle of Superposition, Strain, Hooke’s law, Modulus of Elasticity, StressStrain Diagrams, Working Stress, Factor of safety, Strain energy in tension and compression, Resilience, Impact
loads, Analysis of Axially Loaded Members : Composite bars in tension and compression - temperature stresses in
composite rods, Statically indeterminate problems. Shear stress, Complimentary shear stress, Shear strain, Modulus
of rigidity, Poisson’s ratio, Bulk Modulus, Relationship between elastic constants.
2. Members in Biaxial State of Stress :Stresses in thin cylinders, thin spherical shells under internal pressure - wire
winding of thin cylinders. Analysis of Biaxial Stress. Plane stress, Principal stress, Principal plane, Mohr’s Circle for
Biaxial Stress.
3. Strain Deformation :Two dimensional state of strain, Mohr’s circle for strain, Principal strains and principal axes of
strain measurements, Calculation of principal stresses from principal strains.
(13 Lectures)
4. Shear Force and Bending Moment for Simple Beams :
Shear force and bending moment. Types of load and Types of support. Support reactions, Relationship between
bending moment and shear force, Point of inflection. Shear Force and Bending Moment diagrams.
5. Simple Bending of Beams :Theory of simple bending of initially straight beams, Bending stresses, Shear stresses
in bending, Distribution of normal and shear stress, beams of two materials, Composite beams.
6. Deflection of Beams :Differential equation of the elastic line, Slope and deflection of beams by integration method
and area - moment method.
(12 Lectures)
Theory of Columns:Eccentric loading of a short strut, Long columns, Euler’s column formula, Lateral buckling,
Critical Load, Slenderness ratio
8. Torsion in solid and hollow circular shafts, Twisting moment, Strain energy in shear and torsion, strength of solid
and hollow circular shafts. Stresses due to combined bending and torsion, Strength of shafts in combined bending
and twisting.
9. Close - Coiled helical springs.
Text Books:
Elements of Strength of Materials by S.P.Timoshenko and D.H.Young, Affiliated East-West Press
Strength of Materials by G. H. Ryder, Macmillan Press
Strength of Materials by James M. Gere and Barry J. Goodno, Cengage Learning
Reference Books:
Mechanics of Materials by Beer and Johnston, Tata McGraw Hill
Mechanics of Materials by R.C.Hibbeler, Pearson Education
Mechanics of Materials by William F.Riley, Leroy D.Sturges and Don H.Morris, Wiley
Student Edition
Mechanics of Materials by James M. Gere, Thomson Learning
Engineering Machanics of Solids by Egor P. Popov, Prentice Hall of India
Strength of Materials by S.S.Rattan, Tata Mc Graw Hill
Strength of Materials by R.Subramaniam, Oxford University Press
Strength of Materials by Sadhu Singh, Khanna Publishers
Database Managements System Lab
Use of SQL syntax: insertion, deletion, join, updation using SQL. (1 class)
Programs on join statements and SQL queries including where clause. (1 class)
Programs on procedures and functions. (1 class)
Programs on database triggers. (1 class)
Programs on packages. (1 class)
Programs on data recovery using check point technique. (1 class)
Concurrency control problem using lock operations. (1 class)
Programs on ODBC using either VB or VC++. (1 class)
Programs on JDBC. (1 class)
Programs on embedded SQL using C / C++ as host language. (1 class)
BEEC7216 Analogue
& Digital Electronics Lab
List of Experiments
(At least 10 out of 13 experiments should be done)
BJT bias circuit – Design, assemble and test.
JEET/MOSFET bias circuits – Design, assemble and test.
Design, assemble and test of BJT common-emitter circuit – D.C and A.C performance: Voltage gain,
input impedance and output impedance with bypassed and un-bypassed emitter resistor.
Design, assemble and test of BJT emitter-follower – D.C and A.C performance: A.C. voltage gain,
input impedance and output impedance.
Design, assemble and Test of JFET/MOSFET common-source and common-drain amplifiers – D.C and
A.C performance: Voltage gain, input impedance and output impedance.
Frequency response of a common-emitter amplifier: low frequency, high frequency and mid frequency
Differential amplifiers circuits: D.C bias and A.C operation without and with current source.
Study of Darlington connection and current mirror circuits.
OP-Amp Frequency Response and Compensation.
Application of Op-Amp as differentiator, integrator, square wave generator.
Square wave testing of an amplifier.
R.C phase shift oscillator/Wien-Bridge Oscillator using OP-Amp/Crystal Oscillator.
Class A and Class B Power Amplifier.
Energy Conversion Techniques Lab
Select any 8 experiments from the list of 10 experiments
1. Determination of critical resistance and critical speed from no load test of a DC shunt
2. Plotting of external and internal characteristics of a DC shunt generator.
3. Starting of DC shunt motors by 3-point/ 4-point starter.
4. Speed control of DC shunt motor by armature control and flux control method.
5. Determination of Efficiency by Open Circuit and Short Circuit test on single phase
6. Polarity test and Parallel operation of two single phase transformers.
7. Open circuit and Short circuit test of an alternator.
8. Load test of three phase induction motors.
9. Calculation of slip and efficiency of three phase squirrel cage induction motor at full load.
10. Starting of single phase induction motors
Mechanical Engineering Lab
Group A
Determination of equilibrium of coplanar forces.
Determination of Moment of Inertia of Flywheel
Determination of tensile strength of materials by Universal Testing Machine.
Group B
Determination of Metacentric Height and application to stability of floating bodies.
Verification of Bernoulli’s Theorem and its application to Venturimeter.
Determination of Cv and Cd of Orifices.
Group C
Calibration of Bourdon Tube Pressure gauge and measurement of pressure using manometers.
Study of Cut-Sections of 2 stroke and 4 stroke Diesel Engine.
Study of Cut-Sections of 2 stroke and 4 stroke Petrol Engine.
Materials Processing Lab
Suggested experiments:
1. Examination of the various zones of the arc in arc welding process.
2. Effect of increasing amperage on the quality of weld bead.
3. Microstructural investigation of the welded and heat affected zones.
4. Brazing of steel/ cast iron and observation of the relevant joined microstructures.
5. Preparation of standard samples for common sand testing.
6. Measurement of green compression strength, permeability and moisture content in the
moulding sand.
7. Determination of compressive strength in sodium silicate/C02 mould as a function of gassing
time and pressure.
8. Determination of the tensile strength of oil/resin bonded core sand.
9. Experiments on mechanical working processes like rolling, forging, extrusion, wire drawing,
Materials Characterization Lab
Suggested experiments:
1. Determination of Cu in Brass Sample.
2. Determination of Fe in Iron Ore.
3. Determination of Mn in Steel.
4. Determination of Cr in steel.
5. Determination of Si in cast iron.
6. Determination of carbon and sulphur in steel.
7. Determination of Ca in Limestone.
8. To determine the hardness of different phases / constituents in multiphase structures using micro
hardness tester.
9. To determine the thickness of a steel sample using ultrasonic technique.
10. To determine electrical resistivity of alloy / semiconductor.
11. To determine electrical conductivity of ionic solid.
12. To find out the size distribution of metal powders.
13. To determine the apparent density, tap density and flow rate of powders.
14. To determine the compressibility of powders.
Metallurgical and Materials Engineering
(2008 Admission Batch)
PCMT4302 Deformation Behaviour of Materials
PCMT4301 Phase Transformations and Heat Treatment
HSSM3301 Principles of Management
HSSM3302 Optimization in Engineering
Professional Elective – I (Any one)
PEMT5301 Characterization of Materials
PEMN5301 Fuel Technology
Professional Elective – II (Any One)
PEMT5302 Mineral Processing
PEMT5304 Refractories and Furnaces
Free Elective – II (Any One)
FESM6302 Advance Numerical Methods
PCEC4301 Microprocessors
PEEC4302 Fiber Optics & Optoelectronics Devices
PCMT4303 Iron Making
PCMT4304 Mechanical Working and Testing of
PCMT4305 Solidification and Casting Processes
Credits (Theory)
HSSM3302 Optimization in Engineering
HSSM3301 Principles of Management
Professional Elective – III (Any One)
PEMT5303 Nano Materials
PEMT5305 Composite Materials
Free Elective – III (Any One)
Finite Element Method
Industrial Process Control & Dynamics
Operating Systems
Non Conventional Energy Sources
Credits (Theory)
PCMT7302 Mineral Processing Lab.
PCMT7305 Process Metallurgy Lab .
PCMT7303 Fuel Testing Lab
PCMT7304 Testing of Materials Lab..
PCMT7301 Phase Transformations & Heat Treatment
PCMT7306 Computer Applications in Metallurgical
Engineering Lab
Credits (Practicals / Sessionals)
Credits (Practicals/Sessionals)
Module I:
Functions of Management
Concept of Management, Management as an Art or Science, The Process of
Management, Managerial Skills, Good Managers are Born, not Made, Management is
concerned with Ideas, Things and People, How a Manager Induces Workers to Put in
Their Best, Levels and Types of Management, Evolution of Management Thought:
Managerial Environment, The process of Management-Planning, Organizing, Directing,
Staffing, Controlling.
Module II: Marketing Function of Management.
Modern Concept of Marketing, The Functional Classification of Marketing, Functions of
a Marketing Management, Marketing Mix, Fundamental Needs of Customers, The Role
of Distribution channels in Marketing, Advertising, Marketing, Consumerism and
Module III: Financial Function & HRM Functions.
Financial Functions, Concept of Financial Management, Project Appraisal, Tools of
Financial decisions making, Overview of Working Capital.
HRM Function of Management: Human Resource Management, Human Resource
Development, Importance of HRM, Overview of Job Analysis, Job Description, Job
Specification, Labour Turnover. Manpower Planning, Recruitment, Selection, Induction,
Training and Development, Placement, Wage and Salary Administration, Performance
Appraisal, Grievance Handling, Welfare Aspects.
Reference Books:
1. Business Organization & Management, CR Basu, TMH
2. Business Organization & Management, Tulsia, Pandey, Pearson
3. Marketing Management, Kotler, Keller, Koshi, Jha, Pearson
4. Financial Management, I.M. Pandey, Vikas
5. Human Resource Management, Aswasthapa, TMH.
6.Modern Business Organisation & Management by Sherlekar, Himalaya Publishing
(10 Hours)
Idea of Engineering optimization problems, Classification of optimization algorithms,
Modeling of problems and principle of modeling.
Linear programming: Formulation of LPP, Graphical solution, Simplex method, Big-M
method, Revised simplex method, Duality theory and its application, Dual simplex
method , Sensitivity analysis in linear programming
Module -II
(10 Hours)
Transportation problems: Finding an initial basic feasible solution by Northwest
Corner rule, Least Cost rule, Vogel’s approximation method, Degeneracy, Optimality
test, MODI method, Stepping stone method
Assignment problems: Hungarian method for solution of Assignment problems
Integer Programming:
Branch and Bound algorithm for solution of integer
Programming Problems
Queuing models: General characteristics, Markovian queuing model, M/M/1 model,
Limited queue capacity, Multiple server, Finite sources, Queue discipline.
Module -III
(10 Hours)
Non-linear programming: Introduction to non-linear programming.
Unconstraint optimization: Fibonacci and Golden Section Search method.
Constrained optimization with equality constraint: Lagrange multiplier, Projected
gradient method
Constrained optimization with inequality constraint: Kuhn-Tucker condition,
Quadratic programming
Introduction to Genetic Algorithm.
Recommended text books
1. A. Ravindran, D. T. Philips, J. Solberg, “ Operations Research- Principle and
Practice”, Second edition, Wiley India Pvt Ltd
2. Kalyanmoy Deb, “ Optimization for Engineering Design”, PHI Learning Pvt Ltd
Recommended Reference books:
1. Stephen G. Nash, A. Sofer, “ Linear and Non-linear Programming”, McGraw Hill
2. A.Ravindran, K.M.Ragsdell, G.V.Reklaitis,” Engineering Optimization”, Second
edition, Wiley India Pvt. Ltd
3. H.A.Taha,A.M.Natarajan,
Research”, Eighth Edition, Pearson Education
4. F.S.Hiller, G.J.Lieberman, “ Operations Research”, Eighth Edition, Tata McDraw
5. P.K.Gupta, D.S.Hira, “Operations Research”, S.Chand and Company Ltd.
(14 Hours)
Introduction: Elastic, plastic and visco-elastic deformation.
Continuum mechanics: Concepts of stress and strain in 3D stress and strain tensor,
principal stresses and strains and principal axes, mean stress, stress deviator,
maximum shear, equilibrium of stresses, equations of compatibility.
Elastic behaviour of materials: Constitutive equations in elasticity for isotropic and
anisotropic materials, strain energy, elastic stiffness and compliance tensor, effect of
crystal structure on elastic constants.
Plastic response of materials: a continuum approach: classification of stress-strain
curves, yield criteria.
Plastic deformation of single crystals: Concepts of crystal geometry, lattice defects,
deformation by slip, slip in a perfect lattice, slip by dislocation movement, critical
resolved shear stress, deformation by twinning, stacking faults, deformation band and
kink band, strain hardening of single crystal; stress-strain curves of fcc, bcc and hcp
Module- II
(12 Hours)
Dislocation Theory: Elements of dislocation theory, movement of dislocation, elastic
properties of dislocation, intersection of dislocation, dislocation reactions in different
crystal structures, origin and multiplication of dislocations, dislocation pile-ups.
Plastic deformation of polycrystalline materials: Role of grain boundaries in
deformation, strengthening by grain boundaries, yield point phenomenon, strain ageing,
strengthening by solutes, precipitates, dispersoids and fibres.
Module- III
(12 Hours)
Fracture: Types of fracture in metals, theoretical cohesive strength of metals, Griffth
theory of brittle fracture, fracture of single crystals, metallographic aspects of fracture,
dislocation theories of brittle fracture, ductile fracture.
Tension test: Engineering & true stress-strain curves, evaluation of tensile properties,
Tensile instability, Effect of strain-rate & temperature on flow properties.
Deformation in non-metallic materials: structure and deformation of polymers,
concept Super-lattice dislocations in intermetallics, concept of charge associated with
dislocations in ceramics.
Books for reference:
1. Mechanical Metallurgy by G. E. Dieter, McGraw-Hill.
2. Deformation and Fracture Mechanics of Engineering Materials by R.W.
Hertzberg, John Wiley.
3. Mechanical Behaviour of Materials by M. A. Meyers and K. K. Chawla
4. Mechanical Behaviour of Materials by T.H. Courtney
Module I
(14 Hours)
Introduction: Thermodynamics of phase equilibrium and phase changes; Definition,
utility, order and classification of phase transformations.
Diffusion: Definition of Fick’s law on steady and non-steady state diffusion and their
solutions; Mechanism of diffusion in solids; Chemical diffusion and Darken’s equation;
Kirkendall effect; Effect of pressure and temperature on diffusivity.
Nucleation and growth: Formation of nucleus; Homogeneous and Heterogeneous
nucleation; Mechanism and kinetics of thermally activated growth; Interface and
diffusion control growth regimes.
Phase equilibrium and phase diagrams: Important phase changes in unary and binary
systems; Types and interpretation of phase diagram; Utility of phase diagrams, Lever
rule; Important phase diagrams in metallic and ceramic systems; Free energy
Composition diagrams; Ternary phase diagrams; Isomorphous and eutectic Systems.
Module II
(12 Hours)
Liquid-solid transformation: Solidification, nucleation and growth mechanisms and
kinetics; Alloy solidification – cellular and dendritic morphology; Eutectic and peritectic
solidification. Application of solidification.
Solid state diffusive transformation: Classification of solid-solid transformations;
Nucleation in solids; Precipitate growth; Age hardening; Spinodal decomposition;
Precipitate coarsening. Order-disorder change, polymorphic change. Recrystallization,
grain growth. Eutectoid transformation. Application of solid state precipitation. Pearlitic
and bainitic transformations in steel; Martensite and martensitic changes in ferrous
Module III
(12 Hours)
Review of Iron-carbon alloy system: Iron-cementite and iron-graphite phase diagrams,
cooling of hypo-eutectoid, eutectoid and hyper-eutectoid steels, hypo-eutectic, eutectic
and hyper-eutectic cast irons, nucleation and growth of pearlite.
Heat treatment of steels: TTT and CCT diagrams, conventional heat treatment
processes – annealing, normalizing, hardening and tempering. Hardenability, role of
alloying elements in steels. Surface hardening and chemical treatment in steels.
Thermo-mechanical treatment of steels; High temperature and low temperature
Thermo-Mechanical treatment. Heat treatment of some Cu, Al and Ti based alloys.
Books for reference
1. Phase Transformations in Metals and Alloys by D. A. Porter and K. E. Easterling, CRC
2. Phase Transformations in Materials by R. C. Sharma
3. Solid State Phase Transformations by Raghavan, PHI.
4. Steel and its Heat treatment by K E Thelning, Butterworth.
5. Heat Treatment by Rajan and Sharma, PHI.
6. Principles of Heat Treatment of Steels, ASM
7. Physical Metallurgy Principles by R. E. Reed-Hill, East West Press.
8. Theory of Transformations in Metals and Alloys by J.W.Christian, Pergamon Press.
Module I
(12 Hours)
Introduction: Scope of subject, classification of techniques for characterization, macro
and micro-characterization structure of solids. Bulk averaging techniques:
Thermal analysis: DTA, DSC, TGA, dilatometry, resistivity/ conductivity.
Optical & X-ray spectroscopy: Atomic absorption spectroscopy, X-ray spectrometry,
infrared spectroscopy and Raman spectroscopy.
Mass spectroscopy: Principles and brief account.
Metallographic techniques: Optical metallography, image analysis, quantitative phase
Module II
(14 Hours)
Diffraction methods: X-ray diffraction, X-ray topography, residual stress measurement
techniques, small angle X-ray and neutron scattering.
Electron optical methods: (a) Scanning electron microscopy and X-ray microanalysis
including electron probe microanalysis, electron optics, electron beam specimen
interaction, image formation in the SEM. X-ray spectral measurements: WDS and EDS,
quantitative X-ray analysis; application of SEM and EPMA to solid samples and
biological materials; type of data base required to process the results.
Module III
(14 Hours)
(b) Analytical transmission electron microscopy: Electron diffraction, reciprocal lattice,
analysis of SAD patterns; different electron diffraction techniques, atomic resolution
microscopy, analytical devices with TEM, field ion microscopy, scanning tunneling
microscopy, advanced techniques.
Methods based on sputtering or scattering phenomena: Field ion microscopy, atom
probe microanalysis, low energy ion scattering spectroscopy, Rutherford back scattering
spectroscopy, ion channeling and secondary ion mass spectroscopy.
Chromatography: Principles of gas chromatography, mass spectrometry, liquid and ion
Books for reference:
1. Materials Characterization, Metals Handbook, Vol 10, ASM
2. Characterization of Materials, by E N Kaufman, Wiley Publishers
3. Structure of Metals, by Barett, C.S. and Massalski, T.B., Pergamon Press, Oxford.
4. Elements of X-ray Diffraction, by Cullity B.D., Addison-Wesley, 1978
5. Transmission Electron Microscopy by Williams, D.B. and Barry Carter C., Plenum Press.
6. Scanning Electron Microscopy and X-Ray Microanalysis, by J.I. Goldstein, C. E. Lyman
7. Differential Thermal Analysis by R.C.Machenzie
8. Modern Metallographic Techniques and their application by Victor A.Phillips
Module I
(14 Hours)
Primary energy resources of the world and India (Coal, Petroleum and Natural Gas).
Classification of fuels; solid, liquid and gaseous, primary and secondary fuels.
Coal: Rank, coking and non-coking coals; Characterization of coal properties (caking
and swelling indices, calorific value, proximate and ultimate analyses, etc.); Selection of
coal for metallurgical industries and thermal power plants, coal washing and blending,
washability curves; Coal carbonization, operational features of modern coke ovens.
Testing and properties of coke, char and graphite.
Module II
(12 Hours)
Fuel calorimetry; Testing of fuels; Definition and principle of combustion of fuels;
Combustion calculations.
Alternative sources of energy - ferrocoke, formed coke, charcoal, solar, wind, tidal, etc.,
and their suitability for metallurgical and power industries; Renewable and nonrenewable sources of energy; Activated carbon and its uses.
Module III
(12 Hours)
Properties and uses of gaseous fuels like coke oven gas, blast furnace gas, basic
oxygen furnace gas, producer gas, etc
Petroleum coke and its utilization in metallurgy; Solid energy wastes and their possible
industrial applications.
Books for reference
Fuels and Combustion by M.L. Smith and K.W. Stinson, McGraw-Hill.
Fuels and Combustion by S. Sarkar, Orient Longman Ltd., Mumbai.
Elements of Fuel Technology by G.W. Himus.
Fuels-solid, liquid and gaseous by J.S.S. Brame and J.C. King Edward.
Fuels and Combustion by S.P. Sharma and C. Mohan, Tata McGraw-Hill.
Fuels, Furnaces and Refractories by J.D. Gilchrist.
Module I
(14 Hours)
Introduction to mineral beneficiation, sampling, liberation studies and its importance.
Comminution: Fundamentals of comminution, crushing -- construction and operational
features of jaw, gyratory, cone and roll crushers.
Grinding: Theory of ball mill, rod mill, critical speed of the mill, open circuit and closed
circuit, circulating load.
Size separation: Sieving and screening, laboratory sizing and its importance,
representation and interpretation of size analysis data, industrial screening.
Classification: Movement of solids in fluids, free setting and hindered settling of
particles, different types of classifiers, e.g. sizing and sorting classifiers used in mineral
Module II
(12 Hours)
Concentration: Gravity separation, concentration criteria, jigging, flowing film
concentration and tabling, dense media separation.
Froth flotation: Theory, reagents used in floatation processes, machines and practice.
Magnetic and electrostatic separation: Theory and application of magnetic and
electrostatic separation techniques in mineral industry.
Dewatering and drying: Theory and practice of thickening; filtration and drying.
Module III
(12 Hours)
Flow sheets: Typical flow sheets for beneficiation of iron, gold, copper, lead-zinc
sulphide ores, rock phosphate, beach sand, uranium and other industrial minerals.
Agglomeration techniques: Sintering, palletizing, briquetting and their applications in
ferrous and non-ferrous metal industries, testing of agglomerates.
Important mineral deposits in India.
Books for reference
1. Principle of Mineral Dressing by A. M. Gaudin.
2. Text Book of Ore Dressing by R. H. Richards and C. E. Locks.
3. Element of Ore Dressing by A.E. Taggart.
4. Handbook of Mineral Dressing- Ores and Industrial Minerals by A.E. Taggart.
5. Textbook of Ore Dressing by S.J. Trusscott.
6. Ore Dressing by S.K. Jain.
7. Mineral Processing Technology by Berry A Willis.
& FURNACES (3-0-0)
Module I
(12 Hours)
Classification of refractories, raw materials, manufacture, testing and properties of
heavy and special refractories, silica, silicous aluminosilicate, high alumina, magnesite,
chrome, chrome-magnesite, dolomite, forsterite, chemically bonded basic, carbon and
insulating refractories and special purpose oxides, carbide nitride refractories.
Binary phase diagrams of Al2O3-SiO2, CaO-MgO, CrO3-MgO and MgO-SiO2 systems.
Refractory mortars and cements, Refractory castables, selection of refractories for coke
oven ,iron blast furnace, copper convertor ,soaking reheating furnaces and heat
treatment furnaces, electric are furnace.
Module II
(14 Hours)
Furnace Technology:
Classification of furnaces: basis and uses.
Mechanism of combustion, ignition temperature.
Flames: Flame propagation, flame speed and inflammability limits, types of flames;
premixed and diffusion flames and their characteristics. Combustion control; variables of
control, viz.: temperature, pressure and gas ratio control, modes or combustion control.
Theoretical, adiabatic & true flame temperature.
Available heat and factors affecting it.
Heat losses in furnaces: Heat balance and furnace efficiency.
Liquid and gaseous fuel burners: methods of atomization, types of liquid fuel burners
and principle of design. Low pressure, high pressure and injection type gaseous fuel
burners and principles of their design.
Waste heat recovery:
Recuperators; types and availability. Temperature distribution in different types of
recuperators, AMTD and LMTD. Heat transfer and principle of design.
Regenerators: Temperature distribution heat transfer and principles of design.
Module III
(12 Hours)
Electric heating: Principles of resistance, arc and induction heating. Principles of resistor
design. Selection of power for arc furnace and frequency for induction furnaces.
Basic design for generation of low pressure, rotary mechanical pumps and diffusion
pumps. Pressure measuring gauges.
Laboratory furnaces; oil fired furnaces, muffle furnaces, salt and lead bath furnaces.
Heating of bodies in furnaces.
Types of drafts, natural, induced and forced. Chimney calculations.
Description, operation, instrumentation and control of soaking pits, reheating furnaces,
and annealing furnaces (hood annealing and continuous annealing).
Books for reference:
1. Fuels, Furnaces and Refractories by J.D. Gilchrist.
2. Refractories manufacture properties and uses by M.L.Mishra
3. Refractories manufacture properties and application by A.R.Chesti
4. Steel Plant Refractories by Chester
5. Refractories by Norton
6. Industrial Furnace, Vol –I & II, by Trinks & Mawhinney
7. Modern Furnace Technology by Erthrington
8. Science of Flames and Furnaces by Thring
9. Industrial Electric Furnaces and Applications by Pasckis & Pearson
10. Vacuum Equipment and Techniques by Gutheris & Wakerins
Unit-I :
(10 Hr)
Interpolation: Piecewise Linear Interpolation, Piecewise Quadratic Interpolation,
Piecewise Cubic Hermite Interpolation, Piecewise Spline Interpolation.
Numerical Differentiation: First Derivative, Higher Derivatives, Partial Derivative,
Richardson’s Extrapolation.
Romberg algorithm for numerical integration.
(10 Hr)
Eigen values and Eigen Vectors: Basic power method, Rayleigh Quotient, Shifted power
method, Accelerating convergence, Inverse power method, Basic QR method, Better
QR method, Finding eigen vectors, Accelerating convergence
Fourier methods: Discrete Fourier Transforms, Fast Fourier Transforms, Matrix form of
FFT, Algebraic form of FFT, Mixed-Radix FFT
(10 Hr)
Ordinary Differential Equations: Adams-Bashforth Methods, Adams-Moulton Methods,
Adams Predictor-Corrector methods, Other Predictor-Corrector methods (Simpson’s
method and Milne’s method)
Parabolic Partial Differential Equation: Explicit Method, Implicit method, Crank-Nicolson
Hyperbolic Partial Differential Equation: Explicit Method, Implicit method.
Elliptic Partial Differential Equation: Finite-Element method.
Text Book:
1. L.V. Fausett,” Applied Numerical Analysis Using MATLAB”, Pearson Education
Reference Books:
1. W.Cheney and D. Kincaid,”Numerical Mathematics and Computing”, Fifth
Edition, Thomson/CENGAGE Learning
2. S.C.Chapra,”Applied numerical methods with MATLAB”, second edition, Tata
McGraw Hills
3. R.J. Schilling and S.L.Harris,”Applied Numerical Methods for Engineering”,
CENGAGE learning
Unit I:
Organization of Microprocessor
Introduction to the general concept of microprocessor organization, I/O sub-systems,
programming the system, ALU, instruction execution, instruction word format,
addressing modes, address/data/control bus, tristate bus, interfacing I/O devices, data
transfer schemes, architectural advancements of microprocessor, evolution of
Unit II:
Intel 8086- Hardware Architecture:
Introduction, Bus interface unit(BIU), Execution unit(EU), pin description, register
organization, instruction pointer, data register, pointer and index registers, status
register, stack, external memory addressing, bus cycle (minimum mode):memory or I/O
read/write for minimum mode, clock generator Intel- 8284A, bidirectional bus transreceiver 8286/8287, bus controller 8288, bus cycle memory read/write for minimum
mode, 8086 system configuration (minimum mode as well as maximum mode),
memory interfacing, interrupt processing; software interrupts, single step interrupt, nonmaskable interrupt, maskable interrupt, interrupt priority, DMA, Halt State, Wait for Test
state, comparison between 8086 an 8088.
Unit III:
Instruction set and programming:
Programmer’s model of Intel 8086, operand type, addressing modes 8086 assembler
directives, instruction set, programming examples on data transfer group, arithmeticlogical groups, control transfer groups (loop and loop handling instruction), conditional
and unconditional group, procedures and stack operations, string instructions.,branch
program structure like IF-THEN-ELSE REPEAT-UNTIL and WHILE-DO,
I/O Interfacing ;
8-bit input- output port 8255 PPI, memory mapped i/o ports,8254 programmable
Interval Timer, 8273 Programmable Direct Memory Access Controller, 8251 USART,
8279 Programmable Keyboard/Display Controller.
Text Books:
1.The 8088 and 8086 Microprocessors Programming, Interfacing, Softw, Hardware and
Application; by Walter A. Triebel & Avtar Singh ; Pearson India.
2. Microprocessors and Interfacing; by Douglas V Hall ; McGraw Hill.
Reference Book:
1. Microprocessors and Micro controllers Architecture, programming and system Design 8085,
8086, 8051, 8096: by Krishna Kant; PHI.
2. The 8086 Microprocessor: Programming & Interfacing the PC- Kenneth J. Ayala, Delmar
Cengage Learning, Indian Ed.
Module I
(10 hours)
Fundamental of fiber optics, Different generations of optical fiber communication
systems. Optical fiber structure, Fiber types, step index fiber and graded index fiber, ray
propagation, total internal reflection, Numerical Aperature, acceptance angle. Wave
propagation in a cylindrical wave guides, modal concept, V-number, power flow in step
index fiber and graded index fiber, attenuation (absorbtion, scattering and bending) and
dispersion (inter and intramodal, chromatic, wave guide and polarization) in fiber,
dispersion shifted and dispersion flattened fiber
Module II
(12 hours)
Fiber fabrication, Double crucible method, Fiber optic cables, Connector and splice.
Losses during coupling between source to fiber, fiber to fiber. Schemes for coupling
Optoelectronic Sources, LED, ILD,light source materials, Radiation Pattern modulation
Module III
(13 hours)
Optoelectronic Detector, PIN AND APD, Responsivity,Band width, Detector noise
,equivalent circuit and SNR calculation.
Optoelectronic Modulators, Basic principle, Electro optic and Acousto optic modulators,
Optical Amplifier, Semiconductor optical Amplifier and Erbium Doped Fiber Amplifier,
Solar cells, basic principle,heterojunction,cascadedsolar cell,Schottky Barrier
cells,WDM components-couplers, isolators ,circulators, filters. Optical switching-self
electro optic effect Device, switching speed and energy
Text Books
1. Fiber optics and Optoelectronics, R.P.Khare, Oxford University Press(selected sections
from chapters 1,2,3,4,5,6,7,8,9and10)
2. Semiconductor Optoelectronic Devices, Pallab Bhatttacharya, second edition, Pearson
Education (selected sections from chapters 10 and 11)
Reference Books
1. Fiber optic communications, Joseph C Palais, fourth edition, Pearson Education.
1. Optical Fiber Communications, Keiser G, 4th Edition Tata McGraw Hill Education Private
3. Optical Fiber Communication Principles and practice,Senior J,Prentice Hall of India.
Suggested list of experiments:
1. Physical examination and identification of minerals.
2. Crushing of ore/ coal in a jaw crusher and to study the size analysis of the
3. To study the jaw crusher and determine the actual capacity and reduction ratio.
4. Verification of Rittinger’s Law of crushing in a jaw crusher.
5. Crushing of ore/ coal in a roll crusher and to study the size analysis of the
6. Crushing of ore/ coal in a gyratory crusher / pulveriser and to study the size
analysis of the product.
7. Crushing of ore/ coal in a cone crusher and to study the size analysis of the
8. To study the effect of grinding with grinding time in cylindrical ball mill and rod
9. To separate coal from a mixture of coal and stones or quarts by zigging and
determine the weight fractions of the products.
10. To separate a mixture of two minerals of different densities by gravity
concentration using Wilfley Table and determine the weight and density of each
fraction of the products.
11. Beneficiation of ore pulp mix using flotation cell.
12. To separate a mixture of iron and sand using magnetic separator and determine
its efficiency.
13. Screening of ore/ coal using vibrating screen and determine its effectiveness.
1. Proximate analysis of coal and coke.
2. To determine calorific value of coal and coke using bomb calorimeter.
3. To determine bulk density of coal sample.
4. To determine true density of coal sample.
5. To determine shatter and abrasion indices of coal and coke.
6. To determine flash point and fire point of a given sample such as kerosene oil,
diesel, petrol by Pensky-Marten’s apparatus or Cleveland open cup apparatus.
7. To determine viscosity of oil by Engler viscometer and the water number in the
8. To determine effect of temperature on kinematic viscosity of glycerene by
Redwood viscometer.
1. Annealing treatment of a cold worked steel and comparison of the annealed
microstructure with the cold worked structure.
2. Normalizing treatment of steel and comparison of the microstructure with
annealed structure.
3. To study the quenched structures of steel – quenched in oil, water and brine
4. To study the quenched and tempered structures of steel –
low temperature tempering.
medium temperature tempering.
high temperature tempering.
5. To study the recrystallization behaviour of pure metal (iron / copper).
6. To study the effect of time and temperature on grain size of a metal (grain
growth) (iron/ copper).
7. To study the nucleation rate and growth rate of pearlite in eutectoid steel.
8. To study the susceptibility of a steel to harden by quenching (hardenability) by
Jominy test.
9. Pack carburizing of 0.2% carbon steel and to measure the diffusion coefficient of
carbon in steel.
10. To study the microstructure of tool steels, stainless steels and other high alloy
11. Austempering of steels and S G cast irons.
12. To carry out age hardening of non ferrous alloys.
13. Determination of hardenability of steels.
Module I
MAKING (3-0-0)
(14 Hours)
Raw materials and their properties: Iron ores, Limestones, Agglomerates and Coke.
Preparation of ores: sintering and palletizing, blast furnace burdening and distribution,
testing of raw materials for blast furnace.
Design: Blast furnace profile, stove and gas cleaning units; instrumentation, refractory
used in blast furnace and stove.
Module II
(14 Hours)
Reactions: Fe-C-O, Fe-O-H phase equilibria, Reactions in stack, bosh and hearth;
formation of primary slag, bosh slag and hearth slag. Slag composition and its control,
Metal-slag reactions, Control of hot metal composition.
Process Control: Factors affecting fuel consumption and productivity, Recent
developments in Blast furnace operations like, Bell-less top charging system, High top
pressure, Humidified & Oxygen enriched blast and Auxiliary fuel injection through
Module III
(12 Hours)
Irregularities in blast furnace operation and their remedies.
Alternative routes of iron making: Introduction, Processes of Sponge Iron production;
SL/RN, MIDREX, HyL processes. Smelting Reduction Processes; COREX, ROMELT,
Text Book:
1. A. K. Biswas, Principles of Blast Furnace Iron Making, SBA publication, Calcutta,
Reference Book:
1. Ahindra Ghosh and Amit Chatterjee: Ironmaking and Steelmaking Theory and
Practice, Prentice-Hall of India Private Limited, 2008
2. G. R. Bashforth, The Manufacture of Iron and Steel, vol.I, Chapman, London,
3. David H. Wakelin (ed.): The Making, Shaping and Treating of Steel (Ironmaking
Volume), The AISE Steel Foundation, 2004.
Module I
(14 Hours)
Classification of forming processes.
Fundamentals of metal working – Effect of temperature, strain rate, metallurgical
structure, friction & lubrication, workability and residual stress.
Rolling - Classification & processes, load, torque, power, variables controlling process,
forward slip. Fundamentals of roll pass design, mill type. Rolling defects and their
Forging - Classification & processes, load for circular & rectangular plate.
Extrusion - Classification & processes, force & variables affecting it.
Module II
(12 Hours)
Drawing of Wires and Tubes- Processes, drawing stress.
Sheet Metal Forming- Forming methods, Forming limit criterion, Special Forming
techniques and defects in formed products
National and International Standards for Mechanical tests
Hardness Tests- Brinell, Rockwell, Vickers, Meyer, Knoop, etc., relationship with flow
Compression Test- Comparison with tension, phenomenon of buckling & barreling.
Torsion Test- Stresses for elastic & plastic strain, Torsion vs. Tension.
Bend Test- Pure bending & flexure formula.
Impact Test- Notched bar impact tests, transition temperature & metallurgical factors
affecting it.
Module III
(14 Hours)
Fracture- Energy based criterion, Strain energy release rate, stress intensity factor,
fracture toughness estimation and design of engineering component.
Fatigue – Stress cycles & S-N curve, effect of mean stress, stress concentration,
surface, size, metallurgical factors etc. on endurance limit, Cyclic stress-strain curve,
Low cycle fatigue, Paris law.
Creep- Creep & Stress rupture tests, Mechanism of creep deformation, Deformation
mechanism Maps, Development of creep resistant alloys, Prediction of long time
Non Destructive Testing: Scope and significance of non destructive testing. Principles,
equipment, specifications and limitations of liquid penetrant, Magnetic particle, Eddy
current, Ultrasonic and Acoustic emissions, and Radiography (X-Ray and Gamma Ray).
Books for reference:
1. Mechanical Metallurgy by G. E. Dieter, McGraw-Hill.
2. Roll Pass Design, The United Steel Companies Ltd., U.K.
3. Testing of Metallic materials by C. Suryanarayana.
4. Principles of Industrial Metal Working Processes by C. Russak, G. W. Rowe.
5. Practical Non Destructive Testing by Baldev Raj.
Module I
(14 Hours)
1. Introduction: Casting as a process of Manufacturing. Advantages of casting over
other forming processes. A brief mention about mould and its components etc. with
special reference to mould factors in metal flow and moulding factors in casting
2. Special Casting Methods: Investment casting, Die casting, Centrifugal casting, Full
mould casting, Vacuum sealed casting etc.
3. Melting Practices for Casting Purposes: Role of Ellingham diagram in melting of
Metals for casting purposes; melting and post-melting treatments; Industrial melting
practices as adopted for a few metals and alloys such as; Cast-iron; Steel; Copper;
Aluminium, etc.
Module II
(14 Hours)
4. Solidification of Metals and Alloys: Crystallisation, Liberation of energy and solute
redistribution. Nucleation and growth processes; planar growth and factors hindering
planar growth; Dendritic growth; Cellular growth; Independent nucleation; Eutectic
freezing, Peritectic reactions.
5. Structure of Casting: Additional influences on structure.
6. Practical Control of Cast Structure: Grain shape and orientation; grain size
consideration. Brief discussions on refinement and modification of cast structure.
Module III
(12 Hours)
7. Principles of Gating and Risering: Types of gates and Risers; Chowrinov rule;
Gating ratio, Wlodawer system of determining feeder head requirements.
8. Casting Yield: Various considerations for improving casting yield.
9. Casting Defects and Their Remedies: Various casting Defects; Their causes and
remedial measures.
Books for reference:
1. Solidification Processing by M.C. Flemings, McGraw Hill.
2. Physical Metallurgy edited by R.W.Cahn and P.Hassen, North Holland.
3. Casting by J. Campbell, Butterworth - Haneman, London.
4. Principles of Metal Casting by Hein R.W., Loper C. R. & Rosenthal P.C, T.M.H.
5. Foundry Engineering by Taylor H.F., Flemming M.C. & Wulff, Wiley Eastern.
6. Foundry Technology by Beeley P.R., Butterworth, London.
Module – 1
(12 hours)
Introduction: Emergence and challenges of nanotechnology, Types of nanomaterials.
Synthesis and Characterization: Bottom-up and top-down approaches, Solid, Liquid,
Gas phase synthesis, Hybrid Phase synthesis.
Module – II
(12 hours)
Structural characterization by XRD, SAXS, SEM, TEM, SPM, gas adsorption; Chemical
characterization by spectroscopy techniques.
Module – III
(16 hours)
Properties and application of nanomaterials: Stability of nanomaterials, Mechanical
properties, Optical, Electrical and Magnetic properties, Diffusion. Application of
nanomaterials: Electronics and optoelectronics applications, Nanobots, Biological
applications, Catalytic applications, Quantum devices, Application of carbon nanotubes,
Books for reference:
1. Nanostructures and Nanomaterials: Synthesis, Properties and Applications by G.
Cao, Imperial College Press.
2. Nanomaterails Handbook, (Ed.) by Y. Gagotsi, Taylor and Francis.
3. Introduction to Nanotechnology by C. P Poole and F. T. Owee, Willey Press.
4. Nano Materials Synthesis, Properties and Applications, by Edlstein and
5. Nano Materials, by A.K. Bandyopadyay, New age Publications.
6. Nano - The Essentials, by T. Pradeep, TMH.
7. Nanostructured Materials: Processing, Properties and applications, by C. Koch,
William Andrew Publishing.
Module I
(14 Hours)
Introduction: definitions and classifications; natural composites; role of matrix and
reinforcement; factors which determine properties; the benefits of composites.
Reinforcements and the reinforcement matrix interface: natural fibers; synthetic organic
fibers – aramid, polyethylene; and synthetic inorganic fibers – glass, alumina, boron,
carbon, silicon based fibers; particulate and whisker reinforcements, reinforcementmatrix interface – wettability, interfacial bonding, methods for measuring bond strength.
Metal matrix composites: Introduction, important metallic matrices; metal matrix
composite processing: solid state processing – diffusion bonding, powder metallurgy;
liquid state processing – melt stirring, compocasting (rheocasting), squeeze casting,
liquid infiltration under gas pressure; deposition – spray co-deposition and other
deposition techniques like CVD and PVD; in situ processes. Interface reactions.
Properties of MMCs – physical properties; mechanical properties like elastic properties,
room temperature strength and ductility, properties at elevated temperatures, fatigue
resistance. Processing, structure of multifilamentary superconductors, properties of
aluminium reinforced with silicon carbide particles.
Module II
(12 Hours)
Ceramic matrix composites: Introduction; processing and structure of monolithic
materials – technical ceramics, glass-ceramics. Processing of ceramics: conventional
mixing and pressing – cold pressing and sintering, hot pressing, reaction bonding
processes, techniques involving slurries, liquid state processing – matrix transfer
moulding, liquid infiltration, sol-gel processing, vapour deposition techniques like CVD,
CVI, liquid phase sintering, lanxide process and in situ processes. Processing,
properties and applications of alumina matrix composites - SiC whisker reinforced,
zirconia toughened alumina; Glass-ceramic matrix composites; Carbon-carbon
composites - porous carbon-carbon composites, dense carbon-carbon composites.
Polymer matrix composites: Introduction; polymer matrices – thermosetting,
thermoplastic, rubbers. Processing of PMCs: Hand methods – hand lay-up, spray-up
methods; Moulding methods – matched die moulding, bag moulding processes
(autoclave moulding), resin transfer moulding, pultrusion; Filament winding; Injection
moulding. Processing, properties and applications of fibre-reinforced epoxies, PEEK
matrix composites, rubber matrix composites. Damping characteristics. Environmental
effects in polymer matrix composites. Recycling of PMCs.
Module III
(12 Hours)
Sandwich structures, foam core type arrangements; Honey comb structures.
Micromechanics of unidirectional composites: micromechanics models for stiffness –
longitudinal stiffness, transverse stiffness, shear modulus, poisson’s ratio.
Micromechanics models for strength – longitudinal tensile strength, longitudinal
compressive strength, transverse tensile strength, transverse compressive strength,
inplane shear failure, thermal and moisture effects.
Short fibre composites: reasons for using short fibre composites, fibre length, fibre
orientation, stress and strain distribution at fibres, critical fibre length and average fibre
stress, stiffness and strength: stiffness of aligned systems, non-aligned systems and
variable fibre orientation, strength of aligned systems, 2-D composites, variable fibre
Toughening mechanisms in composite materials: crack bowing, crack deflection,
debonding, pull-out, wake toughening, microcrack toughening, transformation
Books for reference:
1. Composite Materials: Engineering and Science, by Matthews and Rawlings, CRC
2. Composite Materials Science and Engineering, K.K.Chawla, Springer.
3. An Introduction to composite material, by D.Hull and T.W. Clyne, Cambridge
University press.
4. Metal Matrix Composites, Thermomechanical Behaviour by M.Taya, and
R.J.Arsenault, Pergamon Press, Oxford.
5. Fundamentals of Metal Matrix Composites by S.Suresh, A.Martensen, and
A.Needleman, Butterworth, Heinemann
Module – I
(12 hours)
Review of 2-D and 3-D stress analyses, vibration, fluid flow and heat conduction problems.
FEM fundamental concepts, Variational principles, Rayleigh Ritz and Galerkin Methods.
Finite Element Modeling of one dimensional problems.
Finite Element Analysis of 2-D and 3-D framed structures.
Module – II
FEM formulation of 2-D and 3-D stress analysis problems.
Axisymmetric solids subjected to axisymmetric loadings.
Two-dimensional isoparametric elements and numerical integration.
(12 hours)
Module – III
(12 hours)
FE modeling of basic vibration problems
Finite element modeling of fluid flow and heat conduction problems
Computer programs: preprocessing and post processing.
Exposure to commercial FE codes such as ANSYS, NASTRAN and IDEAS etc.
Text Books
1. Finite Elements in Engineering, T.R.Chandraputla and A.D.Belegundu, PHI
2. The Finite Element Method – Its Basis & Fundamentals, Zienkiewicz, Taylor and Zhu,
Elsevier, 6th Edn
1. Introduction to Finite Element Method, C.Desai and J.F.Abel, CBS publishers
2. Introduction to Finite Element Method, J.N.Reddy, Tata McGraw Hill
3. Numerical Methods in Finite Element Analysis, K.J.Bathe and E.L.Wilson, PHI
4. Concepts & Applications of Finite Element Analysis,Cook, D.S.Malkus & M.E.Plesha, Wiley
5. The Finite Element Method in Engineering, S.S.Rao, Elsevier
6. A First Course in the Finite Element Method, D.L.Logan, Cengage Learning
7. Fundamentals of Finite Element Analysis, David V. Hutton, Tata McGraw Hill
DYNAMICS (3-0-0)
Module-I (10 Hrs))
Analog Signal Conditioning
Introduction, Principles of Analog Signal Conditioning, Signal-Level Changes, Linearization,
Conversions, Zero adjustment, Span adjustment, Level changing, AC/DC Power supply,
Filtering and Impedance Matching, Passive Circuits, Divider Circuit, Bridge Circuits, RC Filters,
Operational Amplifiers, Op Amp Characteristics, Op Amp Specifications, Op Amp Circuits in
Instrumentation, Voltage Follower, inverting Amplifier, Non- inverting Amplifier, Differential
Amplifier, Active Filters, Protection Voltage-to –Current Converter, Current-to-Voltage
Converter, Integrator, Linearization. Book-1-Ch-2.2,2.3,2.4,2.5,2.6.
Digital Signal Conditioning
Introduction, Review of Digital Fundamentals, Digital Information, Fractional Binary Numbers,
Boolean Algebra, Digital Electronics, Programmable Logic Controllers, Busses and Tri-State
Buffers, Converters, Comparators, Digital-to-Analog Converters (DCA), Analog-to-Digital
Converters (ADCs), Sample and Hold, Multiplexer and De-multiplexer, decoder and encoder,
Pulse modulations, Digital recorder. Book-1-Ch-3.1,3.2,3.3,3.4,3.5.
Module-2 (20 Hrs)
Thermal Sensors
Definition of Temperature, Metal Resistance versus Temperature Device, Thermistors,
Thermocouples, Other Thermal Sensors, Design Consideration.
Mechanical Sensors: Displacement, Position Sensors, Strain Sensors, Motion Sensors,
Pressure Sensors, Flow Sensors. Book-1-Ch-5.2,5.3,5.4,5.5,5.6
Optical Sensors: Photodetectors, Pyrometry, Leser Principles,Applications.
Final Control: Final Control Operation, Signal Conversions, Switching and Control Devices,
Actuators, control Elements. Book-1-Ch-7.2,7.3,7.4,7.5,7.6.
Discrete-State Process Control: Characteristics of the System, Relay Controllers and Ladder
diagrams, PLCs. Book-1-Ch-8.2,8.3,8.4,8.4,8.5.
Module-3 (10 Hrs)
Controller Principles: Process Characteristics, Control System Parameters, Discontinuous
and Continuous Controller Modes, Composite Control Modes. Book-1-Ch-9.2,9.3,9.4,9.5,9.6.
Analog Controllers: Electronic controllers, pneumatic controllers, design consideration.
Selective and Adaptive Control Systems: Selective Control, Adaptive Control,Adaptive
Control Configuration. Book-2. Ch-11.1,11.2,11.3,11.4.
Reference:Process control Systems and Instrumentation By-Terry Bartelt , Cengage Learning Publication
SYSTEM (3-0-0)
12 Hours
What is an Operating System? Simple Batch Systems, Multiprogramming and Time Sharing
systems. Personal Computer Systems, Parallel Systems, Distributed Systems and Real time
Operating System Structures: Operating System Services, System components, Protection
system, Operating System Services, system calls
Process Concept, Process Scheduling, Operation on Processes, Interprocess
communication, Examples of IPC Systems, Multithreading Models, Threading Issues,
Process Scheduling Basic concepts, scheduling criteria, scheduling algorithms, Thread
12 Hours
PROCESS COORDINATION: Synchronization: The Critical section problem, Peterson’s
solution, Synchronization hardware, Semaphores, Classical problems of synchronization,
Deadlocks: System model, Deadlock Characterization Methods for Handling Deadlocks,
Deadlock Prevention, Deadlock avoidance, Deadlock Detection, recovery from Deadlock.
MEMORY MANAGEMENT: Memory Management strategies, Logical versus Physical
Address space, swapping, contiguous Allocation, Paging, Segmentation.
Virtual Memory: Background, Demand paging, performance of Demand paging, Page
Replacement, Page Replacement Algorithms. Allocation of frames, Thrashing, Demand
11 Hours
File System Concept, Access Methods, File System Structure, File System Structure, File
System Implementation, Directory implementation, Efficiency and Performance, Recovery,
Overview of Mass Storage Structure, Disk Structure, Disk Scheduling, Disk Management,
Swap-Space Management, I/O System Overview, I/O Hardware, Application I/O Interface,
Kernel I/O Subsystem, Transforming I/O Request to Hardware Operation.
CASE STUDIES: The LINUX System, Windows XP, Windows Vista
1. Operating System Concepts – Abraham Silberschatz, Peter Baer Galvin, Greg Gagne, 8th
edition, Wiley-India, 2009.
2. Mordern Operating Systems – Andrew S. Tanenbaum, 3rd Edition, PHI
3. Operating Systems: A Spiral Approach – Elmasri, Carrick, Levine, TMH Edition
1. Operating Systems – Flynn, McHoes, Cengage Learning
2. Operating Systems – Pabitra Pal Choudhury, PHI
3. Operating Systems – William Stallings, Prentice Hall
4. Operating Systems – H.M. Deitel, P. J. Deitel, D. R. Choffnes, 3rd Edition, Pearson
Module I
(10 Classes)
Energy, Ecology and environment: Introduction, Classification of Energy Resources,
Common Forms of Energy, Energy Chain, Advantages and Disadvantages of Conventional
Energy Sources, Importance and Salient Features of Non-Conventional Energy Sources,
Environmental and ecological Aspects of Energy use, Environment-Economy-Energy and
Sustainable Development, World Energy Status, Energy Scenario in India.
Energy Conservation and Energy Storage: Salient Features of “Energy Conservation
Act, 2001”, Various Aspects of Energy Conservation, Principles of Energy Conservation,
General Electrical ECO’s (Energy Conservation Opportunities),
Solar Energy: Basics, The Sun as a Source of Energy, Sun, Earth Radiation Spectrums,
Extraterrestrial and Terrestrial Radiations, Spectral Energy Distribution of Solar Radiation,
Depletion of Solar Radiation, Measurements of Solar Radiation, Solar Time (Local Apparent
Time), Solar Radiation Geometry, Solar Day Length, Empirical Equations for Estimating Solar
Radiation( Hourly Global, Diffuse and Beam Radiations) on Horizontal Surface Under Cloudless
and Cloudy Skies, Solar Radiation on Inclined Plane Surface only (empirical relations for
Module II
(15 Classes)
Solar Thermal Systems: Solar Collectors: Flat plate and concentric collectors, Solar Water
Heater, Solar Passive Space - Heating and Cooling Systems, Solar Refrigeration and AirConditioning Systems, Solar Cookers, Solar Furnaces, Solar Green House, Solar Dryer, Solar
Distillation (or Desalination of Water ),
Solar Photovoltaic Systems: Solar Cell Fundamentals, Solar Cell Characteristics, Solar Cell
Classification, Solar Cell, Module, Panel and Array Construction, Solar PV Systems, Solar PV
Wind Energy: Origin of Winds, Nature of Winds, Wind Turbine Siting, Major Applications of
Wind Power, Wind Turbine Types and Their Construction, Wind Energy Conversion Systems
(WECS), Effects of Wind Speed and Grid Condition (System Integration),
Module III
(15 Classes)
Biomass Energy: Photosynthesis Process, Usable Forms of Biomass, their Composition and
Fuel Properties, Biomass Resources , Biomass Conversion Technologies, Urban Waste to
Energy Conversion, Biomass Gasification ,Biomass Liquefaction, Biomass to Ethanol
Production, Biogas Production from Waste Biomass, Energy Farming.
Miscellaneous Non-conventional Technologies
Geothermal Energy: Applications, Origin and Distribution of Geothermal Energy, Types of
Geothermal Resource.
Ocean Energy: Tidal Energy, Wave Energy, Ocean Thermal Energy
Fuel Cell Technology: Types, Principle of operation, Advantages and disadvantages.
Text Book:
1. Non Conventional Energy Sources: B.M Khan, TMH Publications
2. Renewable Energy Sources and Emerging Technology: D.P.Kothari and etal., PHI
3. Renewable Energy Sources & Conversion Technology: N.K.Bansal, Manfred Kleenman &
Michael Meliss, TMH Publication.
1. Renewable Energy Sources:Fundamentals & Applications:G.N.Tiwari & M.K.Ghosal, Narosa Pub
2. Non Conventional Energy Resources: D.S. Chauhan and S.K.Srivastava, New Age International
3. Non Conventional Energy Sources: H.P.Garg
4. Non-Conventional Energy Systems: G.D.Rai, Khanna publications
5. Solar Energy Technology: Sukhatme and Nayak, TMH
6. Renewable Energy, Godfrey Boyle, Oxford University Press
1. Kinetic studies of oxidation of copper.
2. Kinetic studies of reduction of iron ores.
3. Kinetic studies of decomposition of calcium carbonate.
4. Kinetic studies of decomposition of magnesium carbonate.
5. To study the flow of gases through beds of solid particles.
6. Determination of heat transfer coefficient by using Newton’s Law of cooling.
7. Leaching of sulphide ores.
8. Press moulding of polymers and polymer based composites.
9. Compaction of metal powders and determination of green density.
10. Sintering of metal powders and determination of sintered density.
To determine the Vickers Hardness Number of the given Samples.
To determine the Brinell Hardness Number of the given Samples.
To determine the Rockwell Hardness of the given samples.
To determine the impact strength of the given samples by Charpy and Izod
Impact Tests.
5. To determine the tensile properties of the given materials using Universal Testing
Machine (UTM) – yield strength, tensile strength, % elongation, % reduction of
6. To determine the compression strength of the given sample.
7. To determine the fatigue strength of the given sample.
8. To determine the drawability of aluminium / steel sheet by Erichsen cup test.
9. To study the ultrasonic flaw detector and determine the cracks within a sample.
10. To determine the cracks in a sample using the magnetic crack detector.
1. Numerical problems relevant to different pyro- , hydro- and elctrometallurgical
2. Numerical problems based on transport phenomena in metallurgical systems –
heat balance in furnaces, gas stirred ladle, continuous casting etc.
3. Numerical problems on charge calculations, materials balance and heat balance
in different metallurgical processes.
4. Numerical problems on kinetic studies of reactions in different metallurgical
5. Calculations based on XRD data of d values, lattice parameter, intensity of
diffraction lines.
Metallurgical and Materials Engineering
PCMT4401 X-Ray and Electron Microscopy
PCMT4402 Steel Making
PCMT4403 Corrosion & Degradation of Materials
Professional Elective – IV(Any one)
PEMT5401 Non Ferrous Extractive Metallurgy
PEMT5402 Surface Engineering
PEMT5403 Engineering Polymers
HSSM3402 Environmental Engineering
PCMT4404 Materials for Advanced Applications
Professional Elective – VI(Any one)
PEMT5407 Ferroalloys Technology
PEMT5409 Alternative Routes of Iron Making
PEMT5410 Electrometallurgy
Professional Elective – V(Any one)
PEMT5404 Joining of Materials
PEMT5405 Biomaterials
PEMT5406 Advanced casting processes
Free Elective – VI (Any one)
Industrial Instrumentation
Marketing Management
Total Quality Management
Process Simulation & Modeling
Free Elective – V (Any one)
Industrial Automation & Control
Biomedical Instrumentation
Entrepreneurship Development
Soft Computing
Theory Contact Hours
Theory Contact Hours
Theory Credits
Practical / Sessional
PCMT7401 Project – I
PCMT7402 Seminar – I
Practical Contact Hours
Total Contact Hours
Practical / Sessional
PCMT7403 Project – II
PCMT7405 Comprehensive Viva Voce
PCMT7404 Seminar –II
Practical Contact Hours
Total Contact Hours
Practical / Sessional Credits
Practical / Sessional Credits
Module I
(12 Hours)
Introduction to x-ray and properties of x-ray: Continuous characteristics x-ray,
absorption, filter, production and detection of x-rays. Diffraction of x-rays; special topics
on crystallography, directions and intensities of diffracted beams.
Module II
(14 Hours)
Experimental methods in x-ray analysis; Laue methods, powder photographs
diffractometer and spectrometer measurements. Applications: orientation of single
crystal, crystal structures of polycrystalline materials, precise lattice parameter
measurements. Calculation of integrated intensity, structure factor calculation.
Application: Phase diagram, order-disorder transformation, chemical analysis, residual
stress, texture.
Module III
(12 Hours)
Electron optical methods: (a) Scanning electron microscopy and X-ray microanalysis
including electron probe microanalysis, electron optics, electron beam specimen
interaction, image formation in the SEM. X-ray spectral measurements: WDS and EDS,
quantitative X-ray analysis.
(b) Analytical transmission electron microscopy: Electron diffraction, reciprocal lattice,
analysis of SAD patterns; different electron diffraction techniques, atomic resolution
microscopy, analytical devices with TEM, field ion microscopy, scanning tunneling
microscopy, advanced techniques.
Books for reference:
1. Elements of X-Ray Diffraction by B. D. Cullity, Adison-Wesley.
2. Scanning Electron Microscopy and X-Ray Microanalysis, by J.I. Goldstein, C. E.
3. Structure of Metals by C. Barret and T. B. Massalski, Pergamon.
4. X-ray Diffraction – its Theory and Applications by S. K. Chatterjee, Prentice Hall
of India.
5. Physical Metallurgy Principles by R. E. Reed-Hill.
6. Transmission Electron Microscopy by Williams, D.B. and Barry Carter C., Plenum
7. Materials Characterization, Metals Handbook, Vol. 10, ASM
8. Characterization of Materials, by E N Kaufman, Wiley Publishers.
Module I
(12 Hours)
Introduction: History of steel making, principles of steel making reactions viz
decarburization, desulphurization, dephosphorisation, silicon and manganese reactions.
Slag theories: Molecular and ionic theories; interpretation of the above reactions in
terms of ionic theory of slags.
Open Hearth steel making practices.
L.D. Process: Design of converter and lance; quality of raw materials charged,
operation, control of bath and slag composition, chemical reactions involved,
temperature and residual bath oxygen control, use of oxygen sensor; some
characteristics of L.D blow viz. emulsion formation, slopping, maneuvering lance height
for dephosphorisation and decarburization. Catch Carbon technique. Recovery of waste
Module II
(14 Hours)
OBM/Q-BOP process: Concept and operation of the process.
Mixed / Combined blowing processes: Oxygen top blowing with inert gas purging at
bottom; oxygen top blowing with inert and oxidizing gases at bottom, oxygen top and
bottom: status in India.
Electric arc furnace: Advantages, charging, melting and refining practices for plain
carbon and alloy steel; uses of DRI in arc furnace and its effect on performance. UHP
electric arc furnace with D.C supply, single graphite electrode, oxygen lancing, oxyfuel
burner, water cooled panel and computer control. Combination of blast furnace: EAF.
Duplex processes of stainless steel making using VOD, AOD and CLU.
Induction Furnace: Special features, advantages and limitation.
Module III
(12 Hours)
Deoxidation of liquid steel: Requirements of deoxidizers, deoxidation practice, stoke’s
law, use of complex deoxidizers. Inclusions and their influence on quality of steel. Killed,
semi-killed and rimming steel.
Secondary refining of steel: Objectives; principles of degassing different industrial
process such as DH, RH, VAD, SD, LF, and ESR; limitations and specific applications.
Continuous Casting of steel: Advantages; types of machines; mould lubrication and
reciprocation. Development in C.C. Technology with respect to productivity, quality and
energy conservation; Near Net Shape Casting.
Pollutant emissions from steel making processes and their control. Management of wastes from
steelmaking operations.
Books for reference:
1. Ironmaking and Steelmaking Theory and Practice
Chatterjee, PHI.
2. Steel Making by A.K.Chakravorty, PHI
by A. Ghosh and A.
3. Physical Chemistry of Iron and Steel Manufacture by C. Bodsworth, Longman
Green & Co.
4. Physical Chemistry of Iron and Steel Making by R.G.Ward, ELBS and Edward
Arnold 1962.
5. The Making Shaping and Treating of Steel (Steelmaking Volume), R.J.FruehN
(ed.), The AISE Steel foundation.
6. Electric Furnace Steel Making: Design, Operation & Practice, Vol. I &II, by
C.E.Sims (ed), Interscience.
7. Theoretical Principles of Electric Steel Making by V.Atanseyev, Mir Publishers,
8. Introduction to Modern Steel Making by R.H.Tupkary, Khanna Publishers, New
9. Principles of Secondary Processing and Casting of Liquid Steel by A.Ghosh,
Oxford &IBP 1990.
10. Electrometallurgy of Steel and Ferro-Alloys , Vol I, by F.P.Edneral, Mir
11. Proceeds of International Workshop on Environmental and Waste Management
in Iron and Steel Industries, Dec 2 – 3, 1999, NML Jamshedpur.
Module I
(12 Hours)
Technological importance of corrosion study, corrosion as non equilibrium process,
corrosion rate expressions, electrochemical principles of corrosion-cell analogy, concept
of single electrode potential, reference electrodes, e.m.f. and galvanic series-their uses
in corrosion studies, polarization, passivity.
Module II
(12 Hours)
Different forms of corrosion-uniform attack, galvanic, crevice, pitting, intergranular,
selective leaching, erosion, stress corrosion cracking-their characteristic features,
causes and remedial measures.
Principles of corrosion prevention-material selection, control of environment including
inhibitors, cathodic and anodic protection, coatings and design considerations.
Corrosion testing methods.
Module III
(14 Hours)
Introduction to high temperature corrosion, Pilling-Bedworth ratio, oxidation kinetics,
oxide defect structures, Wagner-Hauffe valence approach in alloy oxidation,
catastrophic oxidation, internal oxidation.
Considerations in high temperature alloy design, prevention of high temperature
corrosion -use of coatings.
Liquid metal attack - liquid metal embrittlement, preventive measures.
Chemical degradation of non-metallic materials like rubbers, plastics, ceramics etc.
Hydrogen damage - types, characteristics, mechanism and preventive measures.
Books for reference:
1. Corrosion Engineering by Fontana, M.G., McGraw-Hill.
2. Corrosion & Corrosion Control by H.H. Uhlig, John Wiley & Sons.
3. Introduction to Metallic Corrosion by Evans.
4. Introduction to Electrochemistry by S.Glasstone.
5. An Introduction to Science of Corrosion & its Inhibition by S.N. Banerjee, Oxonian
Press Pvt. Ltd.
(12 hrs)
Fundamentals of Unit processes involved in Metal Extraction. Thermodynamic
considerations and process selection in Pyro-metallurgical extraction of metals.
Kinetics of leaching of ores; effect of various operating variables on leaching process;
bio leaching.
Principles involved in Electro-metallurgical extraction of metals.
(14 hrs)
Extraction of metals from oxide ores (Sn, Mg).
Extraction of metals from Sulphide ores (Cu, Ni, Pb and Zn)
Extraction of metals through halide route (Ti and Zr)
Refining involving oxidation, chemical transport reactions, zone refining, distillation, etc.
Ion exchange and solvent extraction processes and their application in extraction
processes (Zr, V, Th, Nb, etc)
(12 hrs)
Electro winning and Electro refining of metals:
a) From aqueous salts (Cu, Ni, Au, Ag)
b) From fused salts (Al and Mg)
Environmental pollution and its address related to various metal extraction processes in
Books for reference :
1. Extraction of Non Ferrous Metals by H.S.Ray, R.Sridhar & K.P.Abraham, Affiliated
East –West Press, New Delhi
2. Extraction and Refining of Metals, by C. Bodsworth, CRC Press.
3. Metallurgy of Non Ferrous Metals by W.H.Dennis, Pitman.
4. Principles of Extractive Metallurgy, by T. Rosenquist, McGraw hill, 1974
5. Non Ferrous Production Metallurgy by J.I.Bray, John Wiley, N.Y.
6. General Metallurgy by N.Severykov et al, Mir Publishers, Moscow.
7. Rare Metal Extraction by Chemical Engg. Tech. by W.D.Jamrack, Pergamon Press,
Module – I
(12 hours)
Importance and necessity of surface engineering; classification and scope of surface
engineering in metals, ceramics, polymers and composites, Surface dependent
engineering properties, - wear, friction, corrosion, fatigue, reflectivity, emissivity;
common surface initiated engineering failures; mechanism of surface degradation.
Module – II (12 hours)
Conventional surface engineering methods: carburising, nitriding, cyaniding, diffusion
coating, hot dipping, galvanizing. Scope and application of conventional surface
engineering techniques in engineering materials; advantages and limitations of
conventional processes. surface modification by directed energy beams like ion,
electron and laser beams; energy transfer, beam configuration and modes, surface
integration, heat and mass transfer (composition and temperature profile) during
directed energy beam irradiation; novelty of composition and microstructure; post
irradiation characterization (microstructural & compositional) and testing/evaluation of
surface-properties; structure-property correlation.
Module –III (12 hours)
Recent trends in surface engineering: Coatings and Thin Films and their applications;
Stress, defect formation and surface evolution; classification of Processing routes;
Physical/chemical vapour deposition, plasma spray coating, plasma assisted ion
implantation, Sol-gel processing, Langmuir-Blodgett films, Electrodeposition;
Characterization; Thickness, residual stress, morphology, adhesion.
Books for Reference:
1. Surface engineering of metals - principles, equipments, technologies, by Tadeusz
Burakowski and Tadeusz Wierzchon, CRC press.
2. ASM Handbook on Surface Engineering.
3. M. Ohring, Materials Science of Thin Films, 2nd Edition, Academic Press, 2002.
4. L. I. Tushinsky, I. Kovensky, A. Plokhov, V. Sindeyev, P. Reshedko, Coated Metal:
Structure and Properties of Metal-Coating Compositions, Springer, Germany, 2002.
Module I
(14 hours)
Characteristics of Polymers
Introduction to polymers structures and polymer technical merits; structures; Physical
behaviour: Crystallization, Melting, Glass Transition Phenomena and mixing behavior;
Factors affecting Melting and Glass Transition Temperatures. Mechanical Behaviour:
Stress–Strain Behaviour, Macroscopic Deformation, Viscoelastic Deformation –
viscoelasticity; Viscoelastic Relaxation Modulus; Viscoelastic Creep, Fracture of
Polymers, Impact Strength, Fatigue, Tear Strength and Hardness. Mechanisms of
Deformation And Strengthening Of Polymers : Deformation of Semicrystalline PolymersMechanism of Elastic Deformation, Mechanism of Plastic Deformation. Factors That
Influence the Mechanical Properties of Semicrystalline Polymers- Molecular Weight,
Degree of Crystallinity, Predeformation by Drawing, Heat Treating. Deformation of
Elastomers, Vulcanization; Chemical behaviour.
Module II
(14 hours)
Polymers in advanced engineering
Polymer Matrix Composites (PMCs); Types, Manufacturing, Processing methods, Interfaces,
Properties, Applications, Toughening Mechanisms, Matrix –Reinforcement Interface, Wettability,
Interactions at Interface, Interfacial Bonding Types, Interfacial Strength Tests, The role of the
interface. Conductive Polymers, Liquid crystal polymers, Industrial Polymer adhesive, Polymer
in biomedical applications, Ultrahigh Molecular Weight Polymers, high performance
Module III
(10 hours)
Synthesis and Processing of Polymers
Polymerization: Addition polymerization, Condensation Polymerization
Polymer Additives: Fillers, Plasticizers, Stabilizers, Colorants, Flame Retardants,
Forming Techniques for Plastics: Moulding – Compression and Transfer Moulding;
Injection Moulding, Reaction and Reinforced Reaction Injection Moulding,
Thermoforming, Extrusion, Blow Moulding, Casting. Fabrication of Elastomers.
Fabrication of Fibers and Films: Spinning, Calendaring.
Books for reference:
1. Introduction to Polymers by Young and Lovell, Nelson Thomes.
2. Materials Science and Engineering - An Introduction by William D. Callister, Jr.,
John Wiley & Sons.
3. Plastics: Materials and Processing by Brent A Strong, Prentice Hall Inc., USA. 1997.
4. An Introduction to Polymer Chemistry by Raymond Seymour, McGraw-Hill Book
Co., New York, USA,1971.
5. Handbook of Plastics, Elastomers and Composites by Charles A Harper, McGrawHill Publishing Co., USA, 1997.
6. Principles of Polymer Engineering by McCrum N.G., Buckley C P. and Bucknall
C.B., Oxford University Press, UK, 1992.
Module I
(12 Hours)
Theory and classification of welding processes Gas, arc, resistance, pressure,
submerged arc, TIG, MIG, plasma arc and electron beam welding including spot
welding laser welding and diffusion welding.
Mass and heat flow in fusion welding. Metallurgical effects of the weld thermal cycles.
Module II
(14 Hours)
Metallurgy of welding of structural steels, HAZ. Metallurgy of fusion welding of ferritic
and austenitic steels, cast iron etc. welding pool solidification.
Metallurgical principles of welding nonferrous alloys, Cu alloys, Al alloys etc., welding
pool solidification, structure of welds, heat treatment and transformation.
Module III
(12 Hours)
Welding stresses and stress relieving treatments.
Design of welded joints, welding defects and their remedies. Inspection and testing of
Brazing and soldering. Joining of ceramics and plastics.
Books for reference:
1. Metallurgy of Welding, by J.F.Lancaster, Allen and Unwin.
2. Welding and Welding Technology by R.L.Little, TMH.
3. Welding by A.C. Davies, Cambridge University Press.
4. Metallurgy of Welding by Sefarin, John Wiley.
5. Welding Processes Hadbook, K. Weman, Woodhead.
Module I
(12 Hours)
Introduction: Definition of Biomaterials: Performance of Biomaterials; Brief Historical
Metallic Implant Materials: Stainless Steels; Co-Based Alloys; Ti and Ti-Based Alloys;
Dental Metals; Other Metals; Corrosion of Metallic Implants.
Ceramic Implant Materials: Structure–Property Relationship of Ceramics; Aluminum
Oxides (Alumina); Zirconium Oxides (Zirconia); Calcium Phosphate; Glass-Ceramics;
Other Ceramics; Carbons; Deterioration of Ceramics.
Module II
(12 Hours)
Polymeric Implant Materials: Polymerization and Properties; Effect of Structural
Modification and Temperature on Properties; Polymeric Implant Materials; HighStrength Thermoplastics; Deterioration of Polymers.
Composites as Biomaterials: Structure; Mechanics of Composites; Applications of
Composite Biomaterials; Biocompatibility of Composite Biomaterials.
Structure–Property Relationships of Biological Materials: Proteins; Polysaccharides;
Structure–Property Relationship of Tissues.
Tissue Response to Implants: Normal Wound-Healing Process; Body Response to
Implants; Blood Compatibility; Carcinogenicity.
Module III
(12 Hours)
Soft Tissue Replacement: Sutures, Skin,
and Maxillofacial Implants: Sutures,
Surgical Tapes, and Adhesives; Percutaneous and Skin Implants; Maxillofacial and
Other Soft-Tissue Augmentation.
Blood Interfacing Implants: Blood Substitutes and Access Catheters; Cardiovascular
Grafts and Stents; Blood Vessel Implants; Heart Valve Implants; Heart and Lung Assist
Devices; Artificial Organs.
Hard Tissue Replacement: Long Bone Repair: Wires, Pins, and Screws; Fracture
Plates; Intramedullary Devices; Acceleration of Bone Healing.
Joints and Teeth: Joint Replacements; Spinal Implants; Dental Restorations and
Implants; Interface Problems in Orthopedic and Dental Implants.
Books for reference:
1. Biomaterials-An Introduction, 3rd Ed., by Joon Park & R.S. Lakes, Published by
2. Biomaterials Science:An Introduction to Materials in Medicine, edited by
B.D.Ratner, A.S.Hoffman, F.J.Schoen, J.E.Lemons, Academic Press.
Module I
(14 Hours)
Molding materials for special casting processes and special castings. Automation and
mechanization of molding, Mold and die coatings, Testing of binders and base sand.
Modes of solidification, Casting properties: fluidity, shrinkage and stresses in castings,
Mechanism of grain refinement and modification/ inoculation of aluminum alloys,
magnesium alloys and cast iron. Degassing and inclusion control in castings.
Module II
(14 Hours)
Semi-solid casting processes, compo-casting, directional solidification, solute
redistribution, zone refining and zone melting, counter pressure casting, squeeze
casting, casting of single crystal turbine blades, Near net shape casting: strip casting.
Casting design, planning and selection of casting technology, Optimum pouring time
and gating system design, riser design, feeding resistance, methods for improving riser
efficiency, use of chills.
Module III
(12 Hours)
Melting and casting of special metals and alloys, alloy cast irons and cast steels, heat
and acid resistant aluminum alloys, cast magnesium alloys, zinc and lead alloys.
Casting defect analysis and remedies.
Books for reference:
1. Science and Engineering of Casting Solidification by Doru Michael Stefanescu.
2. Solidification in cast House by H. Fredrickson.
3. Metals Handbook, volume 15.
4. Casting Handbook by J. Campbell, Butterworth - Haneman, London, 1993.
5. Solidification Processing by M.C. Flemings, , McGraw Hills, 1974.
6. Principles of Metal Casting by Hein R.W., Loper C. R. & Rosenthal P.C, T.M.H.
(Prerequisite: Control System Engineering – I)
Module I:
(12 Hours)
Process Control: Introduction: Process Definition, Feedback Control, PID Control,
Multivariable Control. (Chapter 1 of Text Book 1)
PID Controller Tuning: Introduction, Zeigler-Nichols Tuning Method (Based on
Ultimate Gain and Period, and Process Reaction Curve), Digital PID Controllers.
(Chapter 13 of Text Book 2)
Module II:
(15 Hours)
Special Control Structures: Cascade Control, Feedfroward Control, FeedfrowardFeedback Control Configuration, Ratio Control, Selective Control, Adaptive Control,
Adaptive Control Configuration. (Chapter 10 and 11 of Text book 3)
Actuators: Introduction, Pneumatic Actuation, Hydraulic Actuation, Electric Actuation,
Motor Actuators and Control Valves. (Chapter 8 of Text Book 1)
Module III:
(10 Hours)
Industrial Automation: Programmable Logic Controllers: Introduction, Principles of
operation, Architecture, Programming (Programming Languages, Ladder Diagram,
Boolean Mnemonics) (Chapter 5 of Text Book 1)
Distributed Control: Distributed vs. Centralized, Advantages, Functional
Requirements, System Architecture, Distributed Control Systems (DCS),
Communication options in DCS. (Chapter 6 of Text Book 1)
Real-time Programming: Multi-tasking, Task Management, Inter-task Communication,
Real-time Operating System. (Chapter 9 of Text Book 1)
Text Books:
Krishna Kant, “Computer-Based Industrial Control”, PHI, 2009.
M. Gopal, “Digital Control and State Variable Methods” Tata McGraw Hill, 2003.
Surekha Bhanot, Process Control: Principles and Applications, Oxford university
Press, 2010
Reference Books:
Smith Carlos and Corripio, “Principles and Practice of Automatic Process Control”,
John Wiley & Sons, 2006.
Jon Stenerson, “Industrial Automation and Process Control”, Prentice Hall, 2003.
C. Johnson, “Process Control Instrumentation Technology”, PHI, New Delhi
D.R. Coughnowr, “Process System analysis and Control”, McGraw Hill.
Module – I
(10 Hours)
Fundamentals of Biomedical Instrumentation: Sources of Biomedical Signals, Basic
Medical Instrumentation System, Intelligent Medical Instrumentation Systems, PC
Based Medical Instrumentation Systems, General Constraints & Regulations of Medical
Biomedical Signals & Electrodes: Origin of Bioelectric Signals-Repolarization,
Depolarization, Resting Potential Recording Electrodes – Ag-AgCl Electrodes,
Electrodes for ECG, EEG, EMG, Microelectrodes, Skin Contact Impedance, Motion
Module – II
(13 Hours)
Physiological Transducers: Introduction to Physiological Transducers, Classification
of Transducers, Pressure Transducers, Transducers for Body Temperature
Measurement, Biosensors, Smart Sensors
Biomedical Recording Systems: Basic Recording Systems, General Considerations
for Signal Conditioners, Biomedical Signal Analysis Techniques, Signal Processing
Techniques, Writing Systems: Direct Writing Recorders, Inkjet Recorder, Potentiometric
Recorders, Digital Recorders
Electroencephalograph (EEG), Electromayograph (EMG)
Module – III
Patient Monitoring Systems: System Concepts, Measurement of Heart
Pressure Measurement, Measurement of Respiration Rate
Blood Flow meters: Electromagnetic Blood Flow meter, Ultrasonic Blood
NMR Blood Flow meter, Laser-Doppler Blood Flow meter
Patient Safety: Electric Shock Hazards, Leakage Currents, Safety
Biomedical Equipment
(14 Hours)
Rate, Blood
Flow meter,
Codes for
Text Books:
Hand Book of Biomedical Instrumentation-2nd Edition by R.S.Khandpur, Tata
McGraw Hill 2003 (Chapters 1-6,11,18)
Biomedical Instrumentation and Measurements-2nd Edition by Leslie Cromwell,
Fred J. Weibell, Erich A. Pfeiffer, PHI learning Pvt Ltd 2nd Edition
Reference Books:
Introduction to Biomedical Equipment Technology-4th Edition by Joseph J. Carr,
John M. Brown, Pearson Education 2007
Module I:
Understanding Entrepreneurship
Concept of Entrepreneurship, Motivation for Economic Development and
Entrepreneurial Achievement, Enterprise and Society
Why and how to start Business – Entrepreneurial traits and skills, Mind
Vrs Money in Commencing New Ventures, Entrepreneurial success and
failures, Environmental dynamics and change.
Entrepreneurial Process
Step by step approach to entrepreneurial start up
Decision for Entrepreneurial start up.
Module II:
Setting up of a small Business Enterprise. 10Hrs
Identifying the Business opportunity - Business opportunities in various
sectors, formalities for setting up small enterprises in manufacturing and
services, Environmental pollution and allied regulatory and non-regulatory
clearances for new venture promotion in SME sector.
Writing a Business plan, components of a B-Plan, determining Bankability
of the project.
Module III:
Institutional Support for SME.
Central / State level Institution promoting SME.
Financial Management in small business.
Marketing Management, problems & strategies
Problems of HRM – Relevant Labour – laws.
Sickness in Small Enterprises.
Causes and symptoms of sickness – cures of sickness.
Govt. policies on revival of sickness and remedial measures.
Reference Books:
1. Entrepreneurship Development, Small Business Enterprises, Chavantimath,
2. Entrepreneurial Development, S.S. Khanka, S Chand
3. Entrepreneurship, Barringer BR, Ireland R.D., Pearson
4. Entrepreneurship, David H Holt, PHI
5. Entrepreneurship, Kurilko, D.F. and Attodgets RM, Cengage
6. The Dynamics of Entrepreneurial Development & Management, Vasant Desai,
7. Entrepreneurship, Roy, Oxford
8. Entrepreneurship, Hisrich, Peters, Shepherd, TMH
(12 Lectures)
Introduction: Soft Computing Constituents and Conventional Artificial Intelligence,
Neuro-Fuzzy and Soft Computing Characteristics.
Fuzzy Sets: Introduction, Basic Definitions and Terminology, Set Theoretic Operations,
MF Formulation and Parameterization.
Fuzzy Rules & Fuzzy Reasoning: Extension Principle and Fuzzy Relations, Fuzzy IfThen Rules, Fuzzy Reasoning.
Fuzzy Inference Systems: Mamdani Fuzzy Models, Sugeno Fuzzy Models, Tsukamoto
Fuzzy Models, Other Considerations.
(BOOK-1:- Chap-1: 1.1 to 1.3, Chap-2: 2.1 to 2.4, Chap-3: 3.2 to 3.4 & Chap-4: 4.2 to
(14 Lectures)
Neural Networks: Neuron Abstraction, Neuron Signal Functions, Mathematical
Preliminaries, Neural Networks Defined, Architectures: Feed forward and Feedback,
Salient Properties and Application Domains of Neural Networks, Multi-layered Network
Architectures, Back-propagation Learning Algorithm, Practical Considerations in
Implementing the BP Algorithm, Structure Growing Algorithms, Universal Function
Approximation and Neural Networks, Applications of Feed Forward Neural Networks,
Reinforcement Learning, Radial Basis Function Networks, Regularization Theory Route
to RBFNs, Generalized Radial Basis Function Network, Learning in RBFNs, Associative
Learning, Hopfield Network, Content Addressable Memory, Bidirectional Associative
Memory, Self Organizing Feature Maps, Applications of the Self Organizing Map.
(BOOK-2:-Chap-3: 3.1 to 3.6, Chap-6: 6.1 to 6.2, 6.5 to 6.6 & 6.8 to 6.10, Chap-8: 8.4
to 8.7,
Chap-10: 10.2 & 10.5 to 10.6 & 10.16 and Chap-12: 12.8 to 12.9)
(08 Lectures)
Regression & Optimization: System Identification: an Introduction, Least Squares
Estimator, Geometric Interpretation of LSE, Recursive Least Squares Estimator.
Derivative-Free Optimization: Genetic Algorithms, Simulated Annealing, random
Search, Downhill Simplex Search.
Adaptive Neuro-Fuzzy Inference Systems (ANFIS): ANFIS Architecture, Hybrid
Learning Algorithm.
(BOOK-1:- Chap-5: 5.1, 5.3 to 5.5, Chap-7: 7.2 to 7.5 and Chap-12: 12.2 to 12.3)
1. “Neuro-Fuzzy and Soft Computing” By J.-S.R.Jang, C.-T.Sun & E. Mizutani, PHI
2. “Neural Networks: A Classroom Approach” By Satish Kumar, TMH Education
Reference Book:
1. “Neural Networks Fuzzy Logic & Genetic Algorithms; Synthesis &
Applications, S.Rajasekaran & G.A. VijayaLaxmi Pai, Prentice Hall, India,
May’2006- LakshmiPai
2. Principle of Soft Computing, S.N. Sivanandan & S.N. Deepa, Wiley India
Objective: This course introduces the students to the environmental consequences of
Industries, development actions etc. and the methods of minimizing their impact through
technology and legal systems.
Module – I
Ecological Concepts and Natural Resources: Ecological perspective and value of
environment. Environmental auditing, Biotic components, Ecosystem Process: Energy,
Food Chain, Water cycle, Oxygen cycle, Nitrogen cycle etc., Environmental gradients,
Tolerance levels of environment factor, EU, US and Indian Environmental Law, Global
Chemistry in Environmental Engineering: Atmospheric chemistry, Soil chemistry,
Material balances and Reactor configurations.
Module – II
Water Pollution: water quality standards and parameters, Assessment of water quality,
Aquatic pollution, Estuarine water quality, Marine pollution, Organic content parameters,
Ground water Contamination, Water table and Aquifer, Ground water recharge. Water
quality parameter and standards.
Water Treatment: Water treatment processes, Pre-treatment of water, Conventional
process, Advanced water treatment process.
Waste Water Treatment: DO and BOD of Waste water treatment process, pretreatment,
primary and secondary treatment of waste water, Activated sludge treatment: Anaerobic
digestion and its microbiology, Reactor configurations and methane production.
Application of anaerobic digestion.
Air Pollution : Air pollution and pollutants, criteria pollutants, Acid deposition, Global
climate change –green house gases, non-criteria pollutants, emission standard form
industrial sources, air pollution metereology, Atmospheric dispersion.
Industrial Air Emission Control:
Characterization of air stream, Equipment selection, Equipment design, Special
Methods: Flue gas desulphurization, NOx removal, Fugitive emissions.
Module – III
Solid Waste Management Source classification and composition of MSW: properties
and separation, storage and transportation, MSW Management, Waste minimization of
MSW, Reuse and recycling,
Hazardous Waste Management, Hazardous waste and their generation, Transportation
and treatment of hazardous waste: Incinerators, Inorganic waste treatment, handling of
treatment plant residue. Waste minimization techniques.
Noise Pollution: Physical Properties of sound, Noise criteria, Noise Standards, Noise
measurement, Noise control. Environment impact Assessment, Origin and procedure of
EIA, Project Screening for EIA, Scope studies, Preparation and review of EIS.
Text Book
1. Environmental Engineering Irwin/ McGraw Hill International Edition, 1997, G. Kiely,
2.Environmental Engineering & Safety by Prof B.K. Mohapatra, Seven Seas Publication,
Reference Books
1. Environmental Engineering by Arcadio P. Sincero & Gergoria A.Sincero PHI Publication
2. Principles of Environmental Engineering and Science, M. L. Davis and S. J. Masen, McGraw
Hill International Edition, 2004
3. Environmental Science, Curringham & Saigo, TMH,
4. Man and Environment by Dash & Mishra
5. An Introduction to Environmental Engineering and Science by Gilbert M. Masters & Wendell
P. Ela - PHI Publication.
Module – I
(14 hours)
Introduction: The urge for advancement in materials development and processing,
Special and high temperature alloys: Ti alloys: physical and mechanical properties,
thermo-mechanical treatment of Ti-alloys, Ti shape memory alloys, Fe based super
alloys, Ni based alloys, Co based alloys, engineering applications at elevated
Metallic Foams: Material Definition and Processing, Characterization of cellular metals,
Material properties and applications.
Module – II (12 hours)
Carbon and alloy steels: high strength low alloy structural steels, medium-high carbon
ferrite-pearlite steels, common alloy steels, Tool steels: classification, composition,
structure, properties, heat treatment and uses of different types of tool steels, Special
steels: heat resisting steels, Hadfield manganese steels, TRIP steels, maraging steels,
dual phase steels.
Module –III (12 hours)
Composite Materials: Material definition and classifications, Advanced polymer
composite, Ceramic composite, Metal matrix composite, Nanocomposite, Applications.
Coatings and thin films: Definition, Classification of applications, Bio-Materials: Various
types of biomaterials, Biopolymer, Bioceramics, Nanostructured bio-materials, Classes
of materials used in medicine, Application of materials in medicine and dentistry,
Various materials and coatings for implants.
Books for reference:
1. Engineering Materials – properties and selection by K.G. Budinski and M.K.
Budinski, PHI.
2. Intermetallic Compounds, Volume 1- 4, by J. H. Westbrook (Editor), R. L. Fleischer
(Editor), Wiley.
3. Structure-Property Relations in Nonferrous Metals by Alan Russell, Kok Loong Lee,
4. Physical Metallurgy Principles by R. E. Reed-Hill
5. Structure and Properties of Alloys by R. M. Brick, R. B. Gordon and A. Phillips
6. Introduction to Materials Science and Engineering by J. F. Shackelford.
7. Physical Metallurgy of Steels by W.C.Leslie, McGraw-Hill.
8. Introduction to Physical Metallurgy by S.H.Avener, McGraw-Hill.
9. Introduction to Material Science and Engineering by Callister, Wiley.
10. Edited by B.D. Ratner, A.S. Hoffman, F.J. Sckoen, and J.E.L Emons, Biomaterials
Science, An Introduction to Materials in Medicine, Academic Press, Second edition,
Module I
(14 Hours)
Survey of Ferro-alloy industries in India and their future prospects.
Physico-chemical principles of ferro-alloy making, principles of carbothermic and
metallothermic reduction.
Ferro-alloy furnaces: Submerged arc furnaces, selection for transformer capacity,
secondary voltage and current, furnace dimensions, size and spacing of electrodes,
mechanical equipments, charging devices and dust collection system.
Electrodes used in ferro-alloy furnaces: graphitised and self baking electrodes,
properties and uses.
Module II
(12 Hours)
Production of ferro-manganese, ferrochrome, ferrosilicon and silico-calcium by
carbothermy, production of FeCr, FeTi, FeB, FeNb, FeMo, and FeV by metallothermy.
Recovery of vanadium from ores and production of FeV.
Module III
(10 Hours)
Charge calculation in production of ferro-alloys.
Use of plasma arc for production of ferro-alloys.
Use of ferro-alloys in Iron and Steel industries (deoxidation and alloy making).
Books for reference:
1. Production of Ferro-Alloys by Riss and Khodorovasky.
2. Production of Ferro-Alloys by V.P. Elyutin.
3. Electro-metallurgy of Steel and Ferro-Alloys, Vol. 2, by F.P.Edneral.
4. Ferro-Alloy Industries in India, Symposium NML, Jamshedpur, 1962.
5. Proc. Symp. of All India Seminar on Recent Trends in Ferro-Alloys Technology,
Nagpur, December, 1977.
Module I
(12 Hours)
Characteristics of raw materials and their preparation. Thermodynamics and Kinetics
Direct Reduction Processes:
Reduction of Iron bearing materials in shaft furnace, rotary kiln, retort and fluidized bed
with special reference to reductant, energy consumption and operational problems.
Module II
(14 Hours)
Commercially available processes like SL/RN, ACCAR, Krup-CODIR, Kinglon Meter,
MIDREX, HyL, Purofer, Iron Carbide, etc.
Uses of DRI in steel making, iron making and foundries; effect on DRI on EAF
performance and product characteristics.
Module III
(12 Hours)
Smelting Reduction Processes:
COREX, ROMELT, Fluidized bed reactors, Hismelt etc. Present status of alternative
methods of iron making in India.
Books for reference:
1. Alternative Routes of Iron Making by Amit Chatterjee, PHI.
2. Beyond the Blast Furnace by Amit Chatterjee.
3. Sponge Iron Production in Rotary Kiln by A.Sarangi and B.Sarangi, PHI.
4. Direct Reduction of Iron, Editiors: Jerome Feinman & Donald R.Mac Rae, Allied
Publishers Ltd.
Module I
(12 Hours)
Principles of Electrochemistry: Equilibrium Potential; Nernst Equation; Polarization
and over voltage; EMF and Galvanic Series.
Module II
(12 Hours)
Electroplating: Principles of electrodeposition of single Metals and alloys; preplating
operations; plating baths; throwing power; electroless plating; electroforming; testing of
electrodeposits; Anodic Electrometallurgical Processes-Anodizing, Electro-cleaning,
Electro-polishing, Electrolytic etching, Electrolytic machining and grinding
Module III
(12 Hours)
Electro winning and Electro refining: special features of electrochemical extraction &
refining of metals and electrochemical extraction & refining of important metals like
copper, zinc and aluminium.
Books for Reference:
1. Introduction to Electrochemistry, by S. Glasstone.
2. An Introduction to Electrometallurgy, by Sharan & Narain, Standard Publishers
Distributors, Delhi
3. Electrochemical Engineering, by Mantell.
4. Principles of Electroplating and Electroforming, by Blum and Hogaboom.
Fundamental aspects of electrometallurgy, by K.I.Popov, S.S. Djokic, B.N.Grgur,
Kluwer Academic / Plenum Publishers
Module 1
18 Hours
Introduction: Functional Units, Classification, Performance characteristics, Dynamic
Calibration, Errors: An Overview, Statistical Error Analysis, Reliability and Related
Topics (Chapter 1 of Text book)
Instruments for Analysis: Introduction, Gas Analysers, Liquid Analysers, X-ray
Methods, Chromatography (Chapter 8 of Text Book)
Module II:
10 Hours
Telemetry: Introduction, Pneumatic Means, Electrical Means, Frequency Telemetring,
Multiplexing, Modulation, Modulation of Digital Data, Transmission Channels, Briefing of
a Telemetry System in Operation, Wireless I/O (Chapter 10 of Text Book)
Module III:
10 Hours
Power Plant Instruments: Introduction, The Power Plant Scheme, Pressure,
Temperature, Flow and Level, Vibration and Expansion, Analysis, Flue Gas Analysis
(Chapter 12 of Text Book)
Hazard and Safety: Initial consideration, Enclosures, Intrinsic Safety, Prevention of
Ignition, Methods of Production, Analysis Evaluation and Construction (Chapter 13 of
Text Book)
Text Book:
Principles of Industrial Instrumentation, Third Edition, D Patranabis, Tata McGraw
Hill Education Private Limited, New Delhi
Reference Books:
Process/Industrial Instruments and Controls Handbook, Gregory K. Mc Millian
Editor-in-Chief, Douglas M. Considine Late Editor-in-Chief
Objective of the Course: The course aims at introducing the basic concepts of
marketing to the undergraduate students in engineering. The learning shall help the
students in better designing, manufacturing and selling product/ service packages
keeping competitive market, customers and cost in view.
Module – I
(10 hours)
Marketing Management: Concept, Process, Functions and relevance in the current
Marketing Environment: Elements of micro and macro environment
Competition Analysis: Factors contributing to competition, porter’s five forces model,
Identifying and analyzing competitors.
Marketing Planning : Exploring Opportunity, Product –market selection, Marketing
Planning Process.
Market Research and Information Systems: Research Process, The Internet and World
Wide Web based Information collection and processing, Database, Data Warehouses
and Data Mining, Global Market Research.
Consumer Behavior: Factors influencing consumer behavior, consumer decision
process. Organizational buying behavior.
Module II
(10 hours)
Market Segmentation, Targeting and Positioning: Definition, Bases of segmenting
consumer and Industrial markets. Target Market strategies: Market Positioning.
Market Demand Forecasting: Key Terms, Forecasting Tools: Short term tools: Moving
average and Exponential smoothing methods, Long-term forecasting Tools: Time series
analysis, Econometrics methods, Qualitative tools : Buying Intention Survey, Sales
Force Opinion and Delphi Techniques.
Product Planning : Product Life Cycle, New Product Development Process, Branding
Strategy, Positioning a Brand, Brand Equity, Packaging and Labeling, Product-mix and
Product Line, Planned Obsolescence.
Module – III
(10 hours)
Pricing Decision: Objectives and Factors influencing pricing, Pricing method and
Integrated Marketing Communication(IMC)- Concept of IMC, the marketing
communication process, Promotion Mix, elements of promotion mix, Direct marketing.
Channels of Distributions: Types of intermediaries, functions of distribution channels,
channel levels, Designing Distribution Channels, Physical Distribution, Supply Chain
Management (Basic only).
Trends in Marketing: Green Marketing, Customer Relationship Management, Emarketing, Rural Marketing and Service Marketing (concepts only)
Text Book:
1. Etzel , Walker ,Stanton and Pandit, Marketing, 14/e, Tata McGraw Hill.
2. Saxena, “Marketing Management” Tata McGraw Hill, 4/e.
1. Grewal, Levy, ‘Marketing’ Tata McGraw Hill, special Indian edition.
2. Karunakaran “Marketing Management”, Himalaya Publishing House, 2010/e.
3. Kotler, Keller,Koshy and Jha, “Marketing Management”, 13/e, Pearson Education.
Module – I (12 hours)
An Overview: Quality Definition, Quality, Price, Value Relationship, Evolution in Quality
Management – Inspection, Quality Control, Statistical Quality Control, Quality
Assurance, Total Quality Management
Thoughts/ Contribution of Quality Gurus: Deming’s 14 Points, Deming PDCA Cycle,
Juran’s Trilogy, and Crosby’s Zero Defect.
Core Concepts of TQM: Top Management Leadership, Customer Orientation, Total
Employee Involvement, Continuous Process Improvement
Supplier Partnership: Partnering, Sourcing, Selection, Certification, Relation
Module – II (12 hours)
Concept of Quality Control and Quality Improvement: Costs of Quality - Prevention,
Appraisal, Internal Failure, External Failure.
Failure: Random and Assignable causes; Statistical Process Control Charts – X & R
chart, p-chart, c-chart, Concept of process capability
Acceptance Sampling and OC curve, Buyer risk and Supplier risk, Average Outgoing
Emphasis on small improvements – Kaizen, People participation Quality Circle, QC
Tools (old) & 7 Tools (new), Conditions for Success of TQM
Module – III (11 hours)
Overview of some other initiatives of process improvement: Six Sigma, TPM, Lean
Some tools for analysis: Quality Benchmarking, Quality Function Deployment (QFD),
Failure Mode and Effect Analysis (FMEA)
Quality Management Systems: Product vs Process Quality Standard, ISO 9000 series
of standards, ISO 9001 Requirements, Implementation, Documentation, Audits, and
Registration; Benefits of ISO.
1. Mukherjee - “Total Quality Management”, PHI
2. Evans J.R. – “Total Quality Management”, Cengage
3. Besterfield et al, - “Total Quality Management”, Pearson
4. Gryna, Chua,& Defeo-“Quality Planning & Analysis for Enterprise Quality”, TMH
5. Montogomery, -“Introduction to Statistical Quality Control”, John Wiley & Sons
6. Zaidi A.- “SPC Concepts, Methodologies and Tools”, Pearson
Module I
Modeling: Fundamentals of mathematical models and formulation – Continuity equation,
Equation of motion, Transport equations, Energy equation, Equations of state, Equilibrium,
Chemical kinetics and their applications; Lumped and distributed parameter models – Fluid
systems, C.S.T.R. (single, series, isothermal, constant hold up, variable hold up, gas phase
pressurized and non-isothermal), Single component vaporizer, Multi-component flash drum,
Batch reactor, Reactor with mass transfer, Ideal binary distillation column, Batch distillation,
Heat exchanger, etc;
Module II
Optimization: Single variable optimization (analytical, dichotomous search, fibonacci,
golden section, regula falsi), Multivariable optimization (analytical, geometric
programming, linear programming), Convergence methods (Newton’s methods, direct
substitution, Wegstein’s method).
Module III
Simulation:; Techniques of digital simulation – Information flow, from process to
information flow diagram, From information flow diagram to numerical form, Recycles,
Calculation of a recycle set, etc.
Essential Reading:
1. W. L. Luyben, Process Modelling, Simulation and Control for Chemical Engineers,
McGraw Hill, 1990.
Suggested Readings:
1. B. V. Babu, Process Plant Simulation, Oxford University Press, 2004.
2. S. S. Rao, Engineering Optimization: Theory and practice, New Age Publishers,
3. A. Hussain and K. Gangaiah, Optimisation Techniques for Chemical Engineers,
Macmillan, 2001.
4. B. W. Bequette, Process Control: Modeling, Design and Simulation. Prentice-Hall
India, 2006.
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