Dayton | 1RVT8 | Troubleshooting guide | Dayton 1RVT8 Troubleshooting guide

Dayton 1RVT8 Troubleshooting guide
Installation, Operation, Maintenance and Parts Manual
1RVT7 and 1RVT8
Please read and save these instructions. This heater must be installed and serviced by trained gas installation and service
personnel only! Read carefully before attempting to assemble, install, operate or maintain the product described. Protect
yourself and others by observing all safety information. Failure to comply with instructions could result in personal injury
and/or property damage! Retain these instructions for future reference.
Dayton Patio Heaters
®
Description
Dayton high-intensity patio heaters become highly efficient generators
of infrared radiation by heating a ceramic refractory material to
incandescence. The principal operation is to pass a gas-air mixture
through a perforated ceramic refractory, and ignite it on the refractory
surface. This causes the ceramic material to be heated to approximately
! large amounts of infrared radiation that may be
1780°F and generate
directed anywhere heat is desired. Infrared radiation heats people and
objects it strikes and not the intervening air. Included is a direct spark
ignition system, manifold pressure tap, porous ceramic grids, a stainless
steel housing and a preset mounting bracket for mounting the heater.
Typical applications are restaurant patios, loading docks, warehouses,
service garages, factories, aircraft hangars, etc.
!
WARNING
!
Improper installation, adjustment,
alteration, service or maintenance can
cause property damage, injury or death.
Read !and understand the installation,
operating and maintenance instructions thoroughly
before installing or servicing this equipment.
This heater must be installed and serviced by trained
gas installation and service personnel only. Inspect the
heater annually. Failure to comply could result in
personal injury, asphyxiation, death, fire and/or
property damage.
!
WARNING
Not for indoor residential use.
This heater is not approved for use in
any indoor residential application. This
includes, but is not limited to, attached
garages, solarium, living quarters, etc. Installation in
residential indoor spaces may result in property
damage, asphyxiation, serious injury or death.
Form 5S5668
!
WARNING
Storage of gasoline and other flammable
vapors and liquids in the vicinity of this or
any other appliance may result in fire or
explosion. Do not store or use gasoline or
other flammable vapors and liquids in the vicinity of
this or any other appliance. Maintain clearance to
combustibles.
For Your Safety
If you smell gas:
• Shut off gas to the appliance.
• Extinguish any open flame.
• Do not try to light any appliance.
• Do not touch any electrical switch.
• Call your gas supplier. Do not use any phone in your
building.
• Follow the gas supplier’s instructions. • If you cannot reach your gas supplier,
call the fire department.
Keep these instructions for future reference.
Printed in U.S.A.
03460
1206/346/VCPVP
Dayton Installation, Operation, Maintenance and Parts Manual
1RVT7 and 1RVT8
Dayton Patio Heaters
®
Safety . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3
Warning Symbols . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .3
Applications . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .3
Clearance to Combustibles . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .4
Standards, Certifications and Government Regulations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .6
Safety Signs and Labels . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7
Installation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .8
Design . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8
Heater Dimensions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .9
Heater Mounting . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .10
Gas Supply . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13
Electrical Requirements . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 16
Ventilation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 17
Operation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 18
Sequence of Operation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 18
Wiring Diagrams . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 19
Maintenance . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 20
Periodic Maintenance . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .20
Troubleshooting Guide . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 21
Parts
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 22
Limited Warranty . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .24
2
!
Dayton Installation, Operation, Maintenance and Parts Manual
Models 1RVT7 and 1RVT8
Safety
!
WARNING
Improper installation, adjustment, alteration, service or maintenance can cause property damage,
serious injury or death. Read and understand, the installation, operating and maintenance
instructions thoroughly before installing or servicing this equipment. Only trained, qualified gas
installation and service personnel may install or service this equipment.
!
Warning Symbols
Applications
Safety is the most important consideration during
installation, operation and maintenance of the infra-red
heater. You will see the following symbols and signal
words when there is a hazard related to safety or
property damage.
!
This is not an explosion proof heater. Consult your local
Fire Marshall, insurance carrier and other authorities for
approval of the proposed installation.
Commercial / Industrial
Infrared heaters are designed and certified for use in
industrial and commercial buildings such as outdoor
restaurant patios, warehouses, manufacturing plants,
aircraft hangars and vehicle maintenance shops. For
maximum safety, the building must be evaluated for
potential hazards before installing the heater system. A
critical safety factor to consider before installation is the
clearance to combustibles.
WARNING
Warning indicates a potentially hazardous situation
which, if not avoided, could result in death or injury.
!
!
CAUTION
Outdoor Residential
This heater may only be used in outdoor residential
applications and is NOT approved for use in any indoor
residential application. This includes, but not limited to,
attached garages, living quarters, solarium, etc. Consult
the local fire marshal and/or insurance provider if unsure
of your application.
Caution indicates a potentially hazardous situation
which, if not avoided, could result in minor or moderate
injury.
NOTICE
Notice indicates a potentially hazardous situation which,
if not avoided, could result in property damage.
!
WARNING
Not For Indoor
Residential Use.
Installation of a infra-red
heater system in
residential indoor spaces may result in property
damage, serious injury or death. In residential
applications this heater may only be used outdoors.
3
!
1RVT7 and 1RVT8
Dayton Installation, Operation, Maintenance and Parts Manual
Dayton Patio Heaters
®
Clearance to Combustibles
!
WARNING
!
Signs shall be posted specifying the
maximum permissible stacking height in
order to maintain clearances to
combustibles.
Improperly connected gas lines may result
in serious injury or death, explosion,
poisonous fumes, toxic gases,
asphyxiation. Connect gas lines in
accordance to national, state, provincial
and local codes.
A critical safety factor to consider before installation is
the clearances to combustibles. Clearance to
combustibles is defined as the minimum distance you
must have between the infra-red surface, or reflector,
and the combustible item. Considerations must also be
made for moving objects around the infra-red heater.
The following is a partial list of items to maintain
clearances from:
Placement of explosive objects, flammable
objects, liquids and vapors close to the
heater may result in explosion, fire,
property damage, serious injury or death.
Do not store, or use, explosive objects,
liquids and vapor in the vicinity the heater.
Failure to comply with the published
clearances to combustibles could result in
personal injury, death and/or property
damage.
Combustible items include :
•
•
•
•
•
Hazards Include:
Wood
Paper
Fabric
Chemicals
Wall or roof insulation
Moving objects include:
For maximum safety the building must be evaluated for
hazards before installing the heater system. Examples
include, but not limited to:
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
CAUTION
•
•
•
•
•
Gas and electrical lines
Combustible and explosive materials
Chemical storage areas
Areas of high chemical fume concentrations
Provisions for accessibility to the heater
Adequate clearances around air openings
Combustion and ventilating air supply
Vehicle parking areas
Vehicles with lifts or cranes
Storage areas with stacked materials
Lights
Sprinkler heads
Overhead doors and tracks
Dirty, contaminated environment
Overhead doors
Vehicle lifts
Cranes
Hoists
Car wash equipment
When installing the infra-red heater system, the
minimum clearances to combustibles must be
maintained. These distances are shown in Chart 1.1 and
on the minimum clearance to combustibles label
(F/N: LLPCL002) found on the heater. If you are unsure
of the potential hazards, consult your local fire marshall,
fire insurance carrier or other qualified authorities on the
installation of gas fired infra-red heaters for approval of
the proposed installation.
4
Dayton Installation, Operation, Maintenance and Parts Manual
Models 1RVT7 and 1RVT8
Chart 1.1 - Clearance to Combustibles in Inches (see Figure 1.1)
Model No.
Mounting
Angle*
Sides
Back
Top
Below
End(s)
Front
0°
14
N/A
13
46
22
N/A
30°
N/A
8
17
46
22
46
0°
14
N/A
13
46
22
N/A
30°
N/A
8
17
46
22
46
1RVT7
34,000 [Natural Gas]
1RVT8
34,000 [LP Gas]
*Heaters mounted on an angle between 0° to 30° must maintain clearances posted for 0° or 30°; whichever is greater.
Certain applications (awnings, fabrics, plastics, sprinklers,
insulation) may require the heater to be mounted at a
distance in excess of the published clearances to
combustibles. Contact the factory.
Important! If the heater is mounted beneath a noncombustible surface an 8 in. minimum top clearance
must be maintained from the top of the heater to
prevent overheating the controls.
Figure 1.1 - Clearance to Combustibles
Clearance to combustible distances represent a surface
temperature of 90°F (32°C) above an ambient
temperature.
Top
(to ceiling)
Top
(to ceiling)
Back
Side
Side
Front
30˚
Inlet side down
Below
Below
END VIEW
0° MOUNTING ANGLE
END VIEW
30° MOUNTING ANGLE
End
End
SIDE VIEW
5
1RVT7 and 1RVT8
Dayton Installation, Operation, Maintenance and Parts Manual
Dayton Patio Heaters
®
Standards, Certifications and Government Regulations
The installation of this heater must comply with all applicable local, state and national specifications, regulations
and building codes (contact the local building inspector and/or fire marshall for guidance) before installing the
heater system.
In the absence of local codes, the installation must conform to the latest edition of the National Fuel Code ANSI
Z223.1 (NFPA 54).
Refer to the following Standards and codes for application specific guidelines:
Public Garages:
The installation of this heater in public garages must
conform with the Standard for Parking Structures,
ANSI/NFPA 88A (latest edition), or the Standard for
Repair Garages, ANSI/NFPA 88B (latest edition) and
must be at least 8 ft. above the floor.
Electrical:
The heater, when installed, must be electrically
grounded in accordance with the National Electrical
Code ANSI/NFPA 70 (latest edition). Under no
circumstances is either the electrical supply line or gas
supply line to provide any assistance in the suspension
of the heater.
Aircraft Hangars:
The installation of this heater in aircraft hangars must
conform with the Standard for Aircraft Hangars, ANSI/
NFPA 409 (latest edition). The heater must be installed
at least 10 ft. above the upper wing surfaces and
engine enclosures of the highest aircraft which might
be stored in the hangar. In areas adjoining the aircraft
storage area, the heaters must be installed at least 8 ft.
above the floor. The heaters must be located in areas
where they will not be subject to damage by aircraft,
cranes, moveable scaffolding or other objects.
Ventilation:
This heater must be installed in accordance with the
requirements set forth in this manual and with the
NFPA 54/ANSI Z223.1 National Fuel Gas Code (latest
edition). See ventilation requirements on page 17.
Dayton® units comply or are certified by one or
more of the following organizations or
standards:
• CSA International Requirement (CSA 2.37).
• American National Standards Institute (ANSI Z83.26).
High Altitude:
The installation of this heater is approved, without
modifications, for elevations up to 6,000 ft. MSL (sea
level). Contact Dayton for installations above these
elevations.
• American National Standards Institute (ANSI Z83.19).
6
Dayton Installation, Operation, Maintenance and Parts Manual
Models 1RVT7 and 1RVT8
Safety Signs and Labels
Safety warning labels must be maintained on the infrared heater. Illustrations of the safety labels, and their
locations, are pictured below. In locations used for the
storage of combustible materials, signs must be posted
to specify the maximum permissible stacking height to
maintain the required clearances from the heater to
combustibles. Signs must either be posted adjacent to
the heater thermostats or in the absence of such
thermostats in a prominent location.
It is important to provide warnings to alert individuals to
potential hazards and safety actions. ANSI Z83.26/CSA
2.37 require you to post a sign “specifying the
maximum permissible stacking height to maintain the
required clearances from the heater to the
combustibles” near the heaters thermostat or in absence
of such thermostats in a conspicuous location.
WARNING
DO NOT
ROTATE CONTROL
ASSEMBLY
USE TWO
WRENCHES
TO TIGHTEN
OBSERVE
PROPER GAS
FOR
GAS TYPE
ONLY
F/N: LL02 - Observe Proper Gas Type (Natural Gas)
F/N: LL03 - Observe Proper Gas Type (LP Gas)
Top Panel
!
DANGER
FIRE HAZARD. Always maintain published clearance to combustibles.
In locations used for the storage of combustible materials, signs must be
posted. Consult manual for additional guidelines.
CLEARANCE TO COMBUSTIBLES
MODEL NO.
ALL MODELS
(in inches)
ALL MODELS
!
WARNING
AVOID SERIOUS INJURY, DEATH OR PROPERTY DAMAGE.
(in millimeters)
MOUNTING
ANGLE
0°
END(S)
22”
SIDE(S)
14”
BELOW
46”
TOP
13”
BEHIND
N/A
30°
0°
22”
559mm
N/A
356mm
46”
1168mm
17”
330mm
8”
N/A
46”
N/A
30°
559mm
N/A
1168mm
432mm
203mm
1168mm
SIDE VIEW
END VIEW
0° Mounting
FRONT
N/A
END VIEW
30° Mounting
Maintain Clearances to Combustibles to Prevent the Risk of Fire.
Clearances to combustibles must be maintained in order to prevent
the ignition of combustible materials. In locations used for the
storage of combustible materials, signs must be posted to specify the
maximum permissible stacking height to maintain the required
clearances from the heater to the combustibles. Signs must either be
posted adjacent to the heater thermostats or in the absence of such
thermostats in a conspicuous location. Clearances are provided on
the heater’s safety labels and in the heater’s Installation & Operation
Manual. Refer to applicable ANSI or NFPA-54 Standards or local codes
for further information. Post this tag adjacent to the heater’s
thermostat or controls before operating the heater.
INSTALLER. READ AND POST THIS NOTICE.
F/N: LL01 - Clearance Safety Tag
(Affix adjacent to heater’s thermostat).
30°
The minimum end clearance is 22” or 559mm.
Avoid Serious Injury or
Death. Improper installation,
adjustment, alteration, service
or maintenance can cause
property damage, injury or
death. Read the installation, operation and
maintenance manual thoroughly before
installing or servicing this equipment.
This is not an explosion-proof heater. Where
there is the possibility of flammable vapors or
dusts, consult the local fire marshal, fire
insurance carrier or other authorities for
approval of the proposed installation. Always
maintain minimum ventilation requirements.
This side down
Contact may cause burn.
Do NOT touch hot surface.
Allow to cool before
servicing.
This heater must be installed
by qualified personnel only
and in accordance with the
latest edition of the
ANSI/NFPA Standards.
(ANSI/NFPA 88A Parking Structures), 88B
(Repair Garages), 409 (Aircraft Hangars).
Observe all country, state and local codes.
LIGHTING INSTRUCTIONS
1. Rotate heater’s valve knob to “ON” position.
2. Close electrical circuit (usually thermostat).
3. If the heater fails to light, turn “OFF” gas, open electrical circuit and wait 5 minutes
before repeating.
F/N: LLPCL002
Patio Heater Clearance to Combustibles Label
7
1RVT7 and 1RVT8
Dayton Installation, Operation, Maintenance and Parts Manual
Dayton Patio Heaters
®
Installation
!
WARNING
Read and understand, the installation,
operating and maintenance
instructions thoroughly before
installing or servicing this equipment.
!
CAUTION
This heater cannot be used in a building with a roof that
is not insulated or where condensation problems can
occur.
Only trained, qualified gas installation
and service personnel may install or
service this equipment.
Design
To ensure a safe, properly designed heating system, a
layout should be developed for the correct placement of
the infra-red heater(s). Aside from safety factors such as
clearance to combustibles (see Chart 1.1 on page 5),
you should take into consideration:
• The environment (e.g., is it cold/drafty, average,
protected)?
Note: The effective infra-red surface temperature
of a person or object may be diminished with
wind above 5 mph, wind barriers may be required.
• What is the area of heat coverage (e.g., sq. ft.) needed
(Chart 2.1, Figure 2.2)?
• Is the heater being used in a social gathering area, or
work station(s)?
• The mounting height of the heater (Chart 2.1, Figure 2.3).
• The type of mounting to be used.
• Physical space needed for the heater (Figure 2.1).
This installation manual, along with national, state,
provincial and local codes, address these issues. It is
critical that you read, understand and follow all
guidelines and instructions. Always inspect and evaluate
the mounting conditions, space for exhaust, gas supply
and wiring.
IMPORTANT: Fire sprinkler heads must be located at
an appropriate distance from the heater. This distance
may exceed the published clearance to combustibles.
Certain applications will require the use of high
temperature sprinkler heads or relocation of the heaters.
Potentially flammable substances, such as Propylene
Glycol or antifreeze solutions, are not to be used in
conjunction with this heater.
For further information consult NFPA 13. Always
observe applicable state and local codes.
• Gas supply and connections.
• Combustion, ventilating air supply and exhaust path.
• Electricity and wiring to the heater.
8
Dayton Installation, Operation, Maintenance and Parts Manual
Models 1RVT7 and 1RVT8
Figure 2.1 - Patio Heater Dimensions
8.5”
9”
45”
END VIEW
SIDE VIEW
Figure 2.2 - Mounting Bracket Extension Dimensions
The heater’s mounting brackets are adjustable in one inch intervals when installed with the connecting arms. All clearance to
combustibles must be maintained. Refer to the minimum and maximum mounting bracket extensions below.
1. Minimum mounting bracket extension to non-combustibles only is 9 in.
2. Minimum 0° mounting bracket extension to combustibles is 14.5 in.
3. Minimum angle mounting bracket extension (up to 30°) to combustibles is 17.5 in.
4. Maximum mounting bracket extension is 20.5 in.
1
2
3
9
4
1RVT7 and 1RVT8
Dayton Installation, Operation, Maintenance and Parts Manual
Dayton Patio Heaters
®
Heater Mounting
!
WARNING
Improper suspension of the infrared heater
may result in collapse and persons being
crushed. Always suspend from a
permanent part of the building structure
that can support the total force and
weight of the heater.
Failure to maintain minimum clearance to
combustibles may result in fire and/or
explosion, property damage, serious
injury or death. Always maintain
minimum clearances and post signs or
provided tags (F/N: LL01) where needed. Signs should
state the hazards for the particular application and be
legible for the building occupants. Consult the factory or
a factory representative for additional information on
signage compliance.
The heater can be suspended with chains or rigid
threaded rod. Local codes, or conditions such as wind
drafts or other variables can cause movement of the
heater and may require rigid threaded rod. Avoid
excessive movement and/or vibration of the gas
connection by rigidly mounting the heater. The heater
mounting brackets can be used in place of rigid
threaded rods (see Figures 2.5 - 2.6). Consult all
applicable codes before installation.
The heater must be level from side to side and can be
set at an angle between 0° and 30° from horizontal.
The gas connection and power cord must be located on
the lower side (see Figure 2.4).
Figure 2.4 - Heater Orientation
Mounting bracket
30°
End
End
Level end to end
The gas connection and
power cord must located
towards the lower side
of the heater (towards
the floor).
10
Dayton Installation, Operation, Maintenance and Parts Manual
Models 1RVT7 and 1RVT8
Chart 2.1 - Recommended Mounting Heights
Model & Input
1RVT7, 1RVT8
34,000 BTU/h
Recommended
Mounting Height
(Dimension A)
Approximate
Coverage Area
8’-6” to 10’-0”
9’ x 9’
Note: This chart is provided as a guideline. Actual conditions
dictate variances from this data.
Figure 2.3 • Recommended Mounting Heights
A
11
1RVT7 and 1RVT8
Dayton Installation, Operation, Maintenance and Parts Manual
Dayton Patio Heaters
®
Wall Mounting Bracket
Figure 2.6 - Typical Side Wall Mounting
Your patio heater is equipped with preset mounting
hardware. Figures 2.6 and 2.7 illustrate various
mounting configurations using the preset mounting
bracket. This hardware allows the heater to be installed
at an angle between 0° and 30°. This angle must not
exceed 30° from horizontal.
Mounting bracket
attached to wall.
Assemble the mounting hardware as shown in figure 2.5.
30°
30° Mounting Angle
The mounting hardware is adjustable in one inch
intervals using the connecting arms Refer to figure 2.2
on page 9 for an illustration of the minimum and
maximum extentions of the mounting bracket.
Figure 2.5 - Mounting Bracket Assembly
0° Mounting Angle
Figure 2.7 - Typical Ceiling Mounting
Mounting
bracket attached
to ceiling.
30°
0° Mounting Angle
12
30° Mounting Angle
Dayton Installation, Operation, Maintenance and Parts Manual
Models 1RVT7 and 1RVT8
Gas Supply
• Check that the gas piping and service has the capacity
to handle the load of all heaters being installed, as well
as any other gas appliances being connected to the
supply line.
WARNING
!
• Check that the main gas supply line is of proper
diameter to supply the required fuel pressures.
Improperly connected gas lines may result in fire,
explosion, poisonous fumes, toxic gases, asphyxiation
and death. Connect gas lines in accordance to
national, state, provincial and local codes.
• If utilizing used pipe, verify that its condition is clean
and comparable to a new pipe. Test all gas supply lines
in accordance with local codes.
The gas supply to the infrared heater must be connected
and tested in accordance with national, state, provincial
and local codes along with the guidelines in this manual.
Refer to the latest edition of the ANSI Z223.1 (NFPA 54)
Standard.
• Test and confirm that inlet pressures are correct. Refer
to the rating plate for required minimum and
maximum pressures (see Chart 2.2). The gas supply
pipe must be of sufficient size to provide the required
capacity and inlet pressure to the heater (if necessary,
consult the local gas company).
Important! Before connecting the gas supply to the
infrared heater(s):
• Check for conditions such as drafts or other variables
which might cause excessive movement of the unit
and cause damage to the gas connection. Ensure that
the unit is securely mounted and connect the gas with
an approved connection device suitable for the
environment of use.
• For test pressures in excess of 1/2 PSI(g) (3.5 kPa), the
heater and ball shutoff valve must be disconnected
from the gas supply piping system during any pressure
testing of the system.
• For test pressures equal to or less than 1/2 PSI(g) (3.5
kPa), the heater must be isolated from the gas supply
piping system by closing it’s individual manual shutoff
valve during any pressure testing of the gas supply
piping system.
Chart 2.2 • Manifold Pressure
Type of
Gas
Natural
Liquefied Petroleum
Required Manifold Pressure
Minimum Inlet
Pressure
Maximum Inlet
Pressure
5.0 Inches W.C.
6.0 Inches W.C.
14.0 Inches W.C.
10.0 Inches W.C.
11.0 Inches W.C.
14.0 Inches W.C.
Note:Check manifold pressure at the tap on the ball shutoff valve. Readings will be above atmospheric pressure during operation.
Pressure Equivalents: 1 Inch W.C. equals .058 oz./sq. in. equals 2.49 Mbar.
13
!
1RVT7 and 1RVT8
Dayton Installation, Operation, Maintenance and Parts Manual
Dayton Patio Heaters
®
To connect the gas:
!
WARNING
4.Attach the gas connector (field supplied) to the
adapter and the heater’s gas inlet. Seal the joints.
Failure to install, operate or service
this appliance in the approved manner
may result in property damage, injury
or death. This heater must be installed
and serviced by trained gas installations and service
personnel only.
Important! The fittings (nuts) on the flexible
connector (field supplied) must be connected to an ! not be directly connected to the
adapter. They may
gas supply pipe.
The installation of this heater must conform with local
building codes or, in the absence of such codes, the
National Fuel Code (NFPA 54).
5.Final assembly must be tested for gas leaks
according to NFPA or local codes.
Excessive torque on the manifold may misalign the
orifice. Always use two wrenches to tighten mating pipe connections.
!
The gas outlet must be in the same room as the
appliance and accessible. It may not be concealed within
or run through any wall, floor or partition.
1.Install a sediment trap / drip leg if condensation may
occur at any point of the gas supply line. This will
decrease the possibly of loose scale or dirt in the
supply line entering the heater’s control system and
causing a malfunction. NOTE: High pressure gas
above 14 in. W.C.P. (water column pressure) requires
a high pressure regulator and ball valve (field
supplied).
2.A stainless steel flexible hose (field supplied) formed
into a smooth C-shape is recommended. If local
codes prohibit the use of a gas hose, then a swing
joint may be used.
3.Attach the ball valve (field supplied) to the gas
supply pipe. Apply pipe compound to NPT adapter threads to seal the joint. Use only a pipe compound
resistant to liquid petroleum.
Note: Provide a 1/8 in. NPT plugged tapping
accessible for test gauge connection immediately upstream of gas connection to the heater (provided
on ball valve, when supplied).
WARNING
Testing for gas leaks with an open flame
or other sources of ignition may lead to a
fire or explosion and cause serious injury
or death. Test in accordance with NFPA
or local codes.
To disconnect the gas:
1.Disconnect the power to the heater.
2.Turn off the gas supply to the heater and “bleed”
the gas line.
3.Using two wrenches, slowly loosen the fittings.
Excessive torque on the manifold may misalign the orifice.
4.Inspect the hose and fittings for abrasion, wear or
damage. Replace if necessary.
14
!
!
Dayton Installation, Operation, Maintenance and Parts Manual
Models 1RVT7 and 1RVT8
!
WARNING
!
Failure to disconnect the electricity to
the heater before disconnecting the gas
supply may result in explosion, fire,
property damage, injury or death.
WARNING
Conditions such as wind drafts or other
variables can cause movement of the
heater and may require it to be rigidly
mounted. Avoid excessive movement
and/or vibration of the gas connection by rigidly
mounting the heater.
Figure 2.8 - Gas Connection
(shown installed with a flexible hose)
Regulator
(field supplied
when required)
Shut off valve / inlet tap
Elbows
(field supplied)
Mounting
bracket
Shut off valve
(field supplied)
Stainless steel gas
connector (field
supplied), formed
into smooth C-shape
is recommended.
Drip leg / Sediment trap
(field supplied)
15
1RVT7 and 1RVT8
Dayton Installation, Operation, Maintenance and Parts Manual
Dayton Patio Heaters
®
Electrical Requirements
!
WARNING
NOTICE
Incorrect or improper wiring may result in
shock, injury or death. Field wiring to the
heater must be connected and grounded in
accordance with national, state, provincial,
local codes and to the guidelines in this
manual. Refer to the most current revisions to the ANSI/
NFPA 70 Standard.
Radiant heat may damage the flexible power cord.
Always keep the flexible power cord away from the
heater. Do not allow the power cord to be subjected to
radiant heat.
Control systems are initiated by 120V control voltage.
Important! Proper grounding and polarity are essential.
If the system is not properly grounded, it cannot
determine the presence of a flame and will lockout and
shut off.
For wiring of controls see Figure 2.9 below. It is
recommended that the control be installed on the hot
side of a fused supply line and have a sufficient ampere
capacity rating for the heater(s) it will control (see
Figures 3.1 & 3.2).
Figure 2.9 - 120V Typical Field Wiring
Mounting
bracket
Heater
120V thermostat,
timer or switch
(field supplied)
Hot
Neutral
16
Dayton Installation, Operation, Maintenance and Parts Manual
Models 1RVT7 and 1RVT8
Ventilation
!
displacement is required. A balanced system is essential
to avoid negative building pressure which causes
excessive infiltration, unfavorable drafts and affects
combustion efficiency.
WARNING
Improper or insufficient
ventilation may result in
explosion, fire, health
problems, carbon
monoxide poisoning or
death. Vent enclosed spaces and buildings according to
national, state, provincial and local codes.
Air displacement may be accomplished by either gravity
or mechanical means. Mechanical exhausters are
preferred and typically mounted at high points on the
roof over where stagnant air accumulates inside. For
a flat roof, considerations of prevailing winds, high and
low pressure areas, and distribution of air movement
must be taken into consideration when locating
exhausters.
This infrared heater must be vented in accordance with
national, state, provincial and local codes and the
guidelines throughout this manual. Refer to the latest
edition of the ANSI Z223.1 (NFPA 54) Standard.
Best air distribution is accomplished by using a number
of small exhausters versus one large exhauster. Provide
a minimum of one square inch of inlet area per 1000
BTU/h for combustion air supply. Inlet opening in the
building should be well distributed, located high on the
wall and should direct incoming air upward to dilute
products of combustion while preventing drafts at lower
levels. Inlets are typically 1 to 3 sq. ft.
It is required that the upper levels of the space to be
heated are properly ventilated to supply combustion
air to the heaters and to sufficiently dilute the products
of combustion. It is also important to keep the flue
discharge area clear of gas piping and electrical wiring
(see Figure 2.10).
Provisions must also be made to provide sufficient fresh
air intake area and exhaust air outlet area. Natural or
mechanical means shall be provided to supply and
exhaust at least 4.0 CFM per 1000 BTU/h of gas input.
Exhaust openings for the removal of flue products must
be above the level of the heater(s).
Where insufficient air movement exists, induced air
Figure 2.10 - Hot Flue Discharge
Discharge released from side
air channels. Keep area clear
of gas piping and electrical
wiring.
17
In certain applications, local codes may require that
mechanical exhaust systems be interlocked with the
heaters to enable both to function simultaneously or
allow control of exhausters with a ceiling mounted
humidistat.
1RVT7 and 1RVT8
Dayton Installation, Operation, Maintenance and Parts Manual
Dayton Patio Heaters
®
Operation
!
Sequence of Operation:
WARNING
Starting Circuit:
Improper operation of
the heater may result in
explosion, fire, shock and
carbon monoxide
poisoning. Follow all
guidelines and warnings in this manual and national,
state, provincial and local codes. Always conduct safety
checks before operating the heater. Do not operate the
heater in unsafe conditions.
When voltage is applied to L1 and L2, a circuit is
completed from L1 via the blower motor to L2. The
blower fan is mounted in the control box and rated to
supply sufficient air for combustion. Air pressure
generated by the blower will cause the normally open
pressure switch to close. Another circuit is completed
from L1 to the spark ignition module and back to L2.
After a seven (7) second pre-purge, the spark electrode
and gas valve are energized simultaneously. The trial for
ignition is fifteen seconds.
Important! Before operating the heater, conduct
the following safety procedures:
Running Circuit:
• Check for any possible gas leaks.
After ignition, the flame rod monitors the flame. As long
as a flame is present, the valve is held open. If the flame
is lost, the control acts to close the valve within one
second, and a new trial sequence identical to that at
start-up is initiated. If proof of flame is not established
within the 15 second trial for ignition, the unit will retry
two additional times before entering lockout mode. If
lockout occurs, the control can be reset by briefly
interrupting the power source.
• Alert all persons about the hazards of high surface
temperature and to keep a safe distance away in
order to avoid burns and possible clothing ignition.
• Provide supervision when young children are in the
area of the heater.
• Check to make sure clothing isn’t hung from the
heater and that flammable materials are not placed
on or near the heater.
• Check that all guards or protective devices are in place
and secure.
• Check the hose assembly for excessive abrasion, wear
or damage. If necessary replace.
• Check control compartment, burners and circulating
air passages for debris. If necessary, clean the debris.
18
Dayton Installation, Operation, Maintenance and Parts Manual
Models 1RVT7 and 1RVT8
Lighting Instructions:
Wiring Diagrams
1.Rotate heater’s valve knob to “ON” position.
Figure 3.1 - 120V
Amp draw:
.25 starting
.24 running
2.Close electrical circuit (usually thermostat).
3.If the heater fails to light, turn “OFF” gas, open
electrical circuit and wait 5 minutes before repeating.
Shutdown Instructions:
1.Open electrical circuit (usually thermostat).
2.Turn off electrical power if service is to be
performed.
3.Rotate heater’s valve knob to “OFF” position.
19
1RVT7 and 1RVT8
Dayton Installation, Operation, Maintenance and Parts Manual
Dayton Patio Heaters
®
Maintenance
!
NOTICE
WARNING
Cleaning the heater elements with high pressure air may
cause damage to the elements and equipment failure.
Do not blow out heating elements with high pressure
air.
Always wear clothing that protects the
body and use protective glasses when
maintaining the heater.
Electrical shock or explosion may occur
when conducting maintenance while
the heater is connected to the power
source and gas supply. Disconnect
power and gas supply to heater before
servicing.
Before conducting maintenance on the heater
disconnect the power and gas supply. When pressure
testing the gas supply piping system follow these
guidelines:
• At a test pressure in excess of 1/2 PSI(g) (3.5 kPa)
the heater and ball shutoff valve must be disconnected from the gas supply piping
system during any pressure testing of the system.
Burner malfunction may result in
explosion or fire. Never operate the
heater if there are any signs of
malfunction, excessive wear or damage.
Call a professional for assistance.
• At a test pressure equal to or less than 1/2 PSI(g)
(3.5 kPa) the heater must be isolated from the gas
supply piping system by closing it’s individual
manual shutoff valve during any pressure testing of the gas supply piping system.
Before each use:
• Check the gas supply line and hose assembly for
any possible leaks or damage.
• Check heater elements for debris. Visually check
burner flames.
Cleaning the main burner:
1. Gently use an air hose to blow any accumulated
dust and/or dirt off the heater. Air hose pressure should not exceed 30 PSI(g).
• Keep the heated area clear and free of combustible
materials, gasoline and flammable vapors and
liquids. Ensure there is no obstruction of the flow of
combustion and ventilation.
2. Gently, pass the air hose over the entire exposed
area of the ceramic. A distance of 2’ to 4’ from the unit is recommended.
Periodic maintenance:
• Clean the heater with cleaning agents suitable for
the unit’s construction materials (i.e., stainless steel
cleaner).
3. Gently place the air hose outlet into the venturi
tube and allow the air to flow for approximately
one minute.
• Lubricate moving parts.
• Inspect the gas supply piping system for signs of
corrosion or failure. Replace if necessary.
During long periods of non-usage, remove or cover
heater with a polyethylene bag and shut off gas supply.
If further service to the heater is desired, contact your
representative or the factory.
20
Dayton Installation, Operation, Maintenance and Parts Manual
Models 1RVT7 and 1RVT8
Chart 4.1 - Troubleshooting Guide
Symptom
Possible Cause
Corrective Action
Burning of gas-air mixture inside
plenum (flashback).
• Heater mounted at incorrect angle.
• Excessive drafts.
• Gas leaking at orifice.
• Separation of ceramic grids.
• Ceramic grids cracked.
• Mount at a 0˚- 30˚ angle from horizontal.
• Relocate heater or shield from draft.
• Check with leak detector solution.
• Replace burner.
• Replace burner.
Delayed ignition.
• Electrode out of specification.
• Low gas pressure.
• Partially blocked orifice.
• Improper orifice size.
• Incorrect gas.
• See ignition system insert.
• See Section 2.0, Gas Supply.
• Clean or replace gas orifice.
• Consult Distributor.
• See unit rating plate.
Low ceramic surface
temperature or excessive
rollout.
• Dirty or plugged burner ceramics.
• Partially blocked orifice.
• Low inlet gas pressure.
• High or low manifold gas pressure.
• Foreign matter in venturi tube.
• Excessive dark spots on burner.
• Gas supply piping too small.
• Incorrect gas.
• See periodic maintenance instructions.
• Remove and clean.
• See Section 2.0, Gas Supply.
• Adjust main valve regulator as specified.
• See periodic maintenance instructions.
• See periodic maintenance instructions.
• Increase inlet pressure or replace piping.
• See unit nameplate.
Control system overheating.
• Heater not mounted correctly.
• Heater mounted too close to ceiling.
• Mounting angle 0˚- 30˚. Level left to right.
• Observe clearance to combustibles.
Gas odor.
• Loose pipe connection.
• Check connections. Tighten as necessary.
Heater cycles repeatedly.
• Heater located in drafty area.
• Low gas pressure.
• Thermostat located in drafty area.
• Defective flame electrode or circuit
board.
• Relocate or shield from draft.
• See Section 2.0, Gas Supply.
• Relocate thermostat.
• Replace electrode and/or circuit board.
No spark; no ignition.
• Lack of 120V or 24V incoming voltage. • Check power supply.
• Open high voltage wire.
• Isolate an ohm for resistance, replace if 0.
• Fan not operating.
• Locate source of electrical problem or
replace faulty fan.
• Improper electrode gap.
• See Ignition System specifications.
• Loose or open wire connection.
• Check all wires, tighten or replace.
• Pressure switch not satisfied.
• Verify fan operation. Remove obstructions.
• Poor or no equipment ground.
• Check all connections, provide positive
earth ground.
• Unit in “safety lockout” mode.
• Interrupt power source, repeat trial for ignition.
• Defective control module.
• Replace circuit board.
Heater lights, and “locks out”
after approximately 10 seconds.
• Poor or no equipment ground.
• Polarity is reversed.
• Low gas pressure.
• Electrode not sensing.
• Heater mounted at incorrect angle.
• Defective control module.
• Check all connections, provide positive
earth ground.
• 120VAC to black, neutral to white.
• See Section 2.0, Gas Supply.
• Relocate or replace if defective.
• Mounting angle 0˚- 30˚.
• Replace circuit board.
Spark is present. No main gas
operation. Unit “locks out”.
• Gas valve in “OFF” position.
• Defective gas valve.
• Defective control module.
• Turn to “ON” position.
• Isolate and check for resistance, replace if 0.
• Replace circuit board.
Heater will not shut off.
•Defective thermostat or wiring.
• Gas valve stuck or open.
• High gas pressure.
• Replace thermostat or repair wiring.
• Replace gas valve.
• See Section 2.0, Gas Supply.
21
22
55
39
8
9
40
19
41
56
17
43
52
47
51
54
60
18
13
10, 11
1
6
26
27
14
23
21
5
16
12
15
Please provide following information:
-Model number
-Serial number (if any)
-Part description and number as shown in parts list
24 hours a day - 365 days a year
For Repair Parts, call 1-800-323-0620
7
49
22
32
31
46
35
48
30 34
29
20
58
Dayton Installation, Operation, Maintenance and Parts Manual
61
28
37
36
25
24
44
42
45
57
2
59
38
3
7
50
53
4
56
Repair Parts Illustration for Dayton Patio Heater
33
57
54
55
1RVT7 and 1RVT8
23
Ref.
No.
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
24
25
26
27
28
29
30
PH-108
PH-111
PH-112
PH-113
PH-115
PH-116
PH-117
PH-133
PH-137
PH-140
PH-141
PH-142
PH-143
PH-144
PH-145
PH-146
PH-147
PH-148
PH-149
PH-150
PH-151
PH-152
PH-153
PH-155
PH-156
PH-157
PH-158
PH-161
PH-162
PH-163
Valve Mounting Base
Egg Crate
Egg Crate Frame w/ Flashshield
Egg Crate Assembly w/ Frame & Nutsert
120V Fan
Fan Mounting Panel
Air Distribution Panel
120 Volt Flexible Three-prong Cord
Strain Relief
Gas Valve - Natural Gas
Gas Valve - LP Gas
3/8” Closed Pipe Nipple
3/8” Reducer Fitting
Gas Orifice
9/16” Ext. Lock Washer
9/16”-18 Hex Jam Nut
3/8”x 5” Incoming Pipe Nipple
3/8” Ball Valve/Inlet Tap
Rubber Inlet Grommet
Ignitor Electrode
Circuit Board (MARK 10DX-117)
100-900 Harness (DRWH-120)
Controls Mounting Panel
12” Orange High voltage Wire w/ Boot
2-Way Red Crimp Connector
Thermal Fuse
Door Switch
Pressure Switch
Short Vinyl Hose
Long Vinyl Hose
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
Part No. Quantity
Description
Repair Parts List for Dayton Patio Heater
Dayton Installation, Operation, Maintenance and Parts Manual
31
32
33
34
35
36
37
38
39
40
41
42
43
44
45
46
47
48
49
50
51
52
53
54
55
56
57
58
59
60
61
Brass Fitting
Plastic Gas Valve 90° Vent
Burner Assembly w/ Hold Downs & Footings
Valve Mounting Bracket
Valve Mounting Panel
Weather Stripping
Burner & Electrode Mounting Panel
Burner End Mounting Panel (SS)
5/16” x 3/4” HEX HD
5/16” Split Washer Zinc
5/16” Hex Nut
#1/4-20 Square Cagenut
Control Cover Thumbscrew
5/16”-18 x 1-1/2” Gold Nutsert Bolt
#1/4”-20 x 1/2” Machine Bolt
#1/4”-20 Hex Nut
Control Cover Hinge Rod
Top Panel (SS)
Left Frame Side Panel (Gas & Electric) (SS)
Right Frame Side Panel (SS)
Control End Panel w/ Louvers & Hinge (SS)
Control Box Cover w/ Hinge (SS)
End Panel (SS)
Hanging Bracket (SS)
Mounting bracket (SS)
Mounting Bracket Connecting Arm (SS)
Rain Guard (SS)
#8 x 1/2” SLTD HW Screw (SS)
5/8” Black Inlet Pressure Tap Grommet
3/4” Black Plastic Inlet Cap
Service Access Door Ledge
Ref.No. Description
PH-164
PH-159
PH-170
PH-171
PH-172
PH-121
PH-174
PH-178
PH-190
PH-191
PH-192
PH-193
PH-194
PH-195
PH-180
PH-181
PH-196
PH-201
PH-202
PH-203
PH-204
PH-205
PH-206
PH-297
PH-298
PH-299
PH-210
PH-282
PH-122
PH-130
PH-173
Part No.
1
1
1
1
1
2
1
1
8
8
8
1
1
1
3
3
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
2
2
2
2
1
1
1
1
Quantity
1RVT7 and 1RVT8
Dayton Installation, Operation, Maintenance and Parts Manual
1RVT7 and 1RVT8
Dayton Patio Heaters
®
Limited Warranty
One-Year Limited Warranty. Patio Heaters covered in this manual, are warranted by Dayton Electric Mfg. Co.
(Dayton) to the original user against defects in workmanship or materials under normal use for one year after date
of purchase. Any part which is determined to be defective in material or workmanship and returned to an
authorized service location, as Dayton designates, shipping costs prepaid, will be, as the exclusive remedy, repaired
or replaced at Dayton’s option. For limited warranty claim procedures, see PROMPT DISPOSITION below. This
limited warranty gives purchasers specific legal rights which vary from jurisdiction to jurisdiction.
Additional Limited Warranty. In addition to the above mentioned one-year warranty, Dayton warrants the original
purchaser an additional two-year extension on the ceramic burner. This extension excludes electrical/purchased
components.
Limitation of Liability. To the extent allowable under applicable law, Dayton’s liability for consequential and
incidental damages is expressly disclaimed. Dayton’s liability in all events is limited to and shall not exceed the
purchase price paid.
Warranty Disclaimer. Dayton has made a diligent effort to provide product information and illustrate the products
in this literature accurately; however, such information and illustrations are for the sole purpose of identification,
and do not express or imply a warranty that the products are merchantable, or fit for a particular purpose, or that
the products will necessarily conform to the illustrations or descriptions. Except as provided below, no warranty or
affirmation of fact, expressed or implied, other than as stated in the “LIMITED WARRANTY” above is made or
authorized by Dayton.
Product Suitability. Many jurisdictions have codes and regulations governing sales, construction, installation, and/or
use of products for certain purposes, which may vary from those in neighboring areas. While Dayton attempts to
assure that its products comply with as many codes, it cannot guarantee compliance, and cannot be responsible for
how the product is installed or used. Before purchase and use of a product, review the product applications, and all
applicable national and local codes and regulations, and be sure that the product, installation, and use will comply
with them.
Certain aspects of disclaimers are not applicable to consumer products: e.g., (a) some jurisdictions do not allow the
exclusion or limitation of incidental or consequential damages, so the above limitation or exclusion may not apply
to you: (b) also, some jurisdictions do not allow a limitation on how long an implied warranty lasts, consequently
the above limitation may not apply to you: and (c) by law, during the period of this limited warranty, any implied
warranties of implied merchantability or fitness for a particular purpose applicable to consumer products purchased
by consumers, may not be excluded or otherwise disclaimed.
Prompt Disposition. Dayton will make a good faith effort for prompt correction or other adjustment with respect
to any product which proves to be defective within limited warranty. For any product believed to be defective
within limited warranty, first write or call dealer from whom the product was purchased. Dealer will give additional
directions. If unable to resolve satisfactorily, write to Dayton at address below, giving dealer’s name, address, date
and number of dealer’s invoice, and describe the nature of the defect. Title and risk of loss pass to buyer on delivery
to common carrier. If product was damaged in transit to you, file claim with carrier.
Manufactured for Dayton Electric Mfg. Co., 5959 W. Howard St., Niles, Illinois 60714 U.S.A.
Manufactured for Dayton Electric Mfg. Co.
Niles, Illinois 60714 U.S.A.
24
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