Bluebird | PR18B5FA | Operator`s manual | Bluebird PR18B5FA Operator`s manual

Bluebird PR18B5FA Operator`s manual
Operator Manual
966067301 / PR18B5FA
966067501 / PR22B5FA
966067701 / PR22B5NRA
Models
966067401 / PR18B5NRA
966067601 / PR22B5FBA
966067901 / S22B5DA
Please read the operator’s manual carefully and make sure
you understand the instructions before using the machine.
©2010 HTC. All rights reserved.
Beatrice, NE. Printed in U.S.A.
Contents
Introduction...............................................................4
Use......................................................................4
Insure your machine...........................................4
Important Information..........................................4
Good Service......................................................4
Serial Number.....................................................4
Symbols and Decals.................................................5
Decals.................................................................5
Decal Locations..................................................6
Safety.........................................................................7
General Use........................................................7
Preparations........................................................8
Operating............................................................9
Movement/Transport.........................................10
Children.............................................................10
Storage.............................................................10
Fuel System......................................................11
Maintenance.....................................................12
Assembly/Controls..................................................13
Controls...................................................................14
Engine...............................................................15
Fueling..............................................................15
Cutting Unit.......................................................15
Depth Lever................................................15
Clutch................................................................15
Cutting Blades..................................................16
Flail Blades.................................................16
Delta Blades...............................................16
Spring Tines...............................................16
Operation.................................................................17
Seed Application..............................................17
Preparing the Lawn....................................17
Seed Application Chart..............................17
Bagger Attachment and Removal....................17
Before Starting..................................................18
Starting..............................................................18
Finishing............................................................18
Maintenance............................................................19
Maintenance Schedule.....................................19
Drive Belt..........................................................20
Flail blades........................................................21
Wear/Rotation/Replacing............................21
Delta Blades.....................................................22
Wear/Replacing..........................................22
Spring tines.......................................................23
Wear/Replacing..........................................23
Two Minute Rule................................................23
Cleaning and Washing......................................23
Lubrication...............................................................24
Lubrication Schedule........................................24
Troubleshooting.......................................................25
Storage....................................................................26
Winter storage...................................................26
Service..............................................................26
Technical Data.........................................................27
Service Journal........................................................29
INTRODUCTION
Congratulations
Important Information
Thank you for purchasing a BlueBird lawn care
product. Through your confidence in us, you have
chosen an exceptionally high quality product.
This manual is a valuable document. It describes your
new BlueBird machine. Read the manual carefully
before attempting to use the machine. Following the
instructions (use, service, maintenance, etc.) can
considerably increase the lifespan of your machine
and even increase its resale value. Please contact
your dealer for more information.
If you sell your BlueBird machine, make sure to give
the operator’s manual to the new owner.
•
Use
•
•
The dethatcher is used to remove the layer of
thatch and surface-treat lawns, for example, powerraking, de-mossing and collecting thatch in the form
of old grass or moss. With an attachment, it can
also be used for seeding, both in initial sowing or
overseeding.
Insure your machine
Contact your insurance company to check on
insurance coverage for your new machine. You should
have all-inclusive insurance for liability, fire, damage
and theft.
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
Read and make sure you understand the
Operator’s Manual before use or maintenance.
For a replacement manual, contact your dealer.
Observe all safety instructions; otherwise you may
injure yourself or others around you.
Make sure that the machine is in serviceable
condition prior to use.
Make sure that all protective devices are in place
when the machine is in use.
Stop the engine and wait until all machine
movement comes to a standstill before service,
adjustment or cleaning.
Do not run the engine in poorly ventilated spaces.
Make sure nobody is in the vicinity of the machine
before starting and during use.
Avoid slopes that are too steep to use the
machine safely.
Clear any debris from the lawn prior to use.
Good Service
Before the machine was delivered it underwent
inspection and was adjusted by your dealer. When
you need spare parts or support in service questions,
warranty issues, etc., please consult the following
professional:
This manual belongs to the machine with the manufacturing number:
Engine
Serial Number
The machine’s serial number can be found on the
printed plate attached to the rear side panel of the
machine. The plate includes the following information:
• The machine’s type designation (MODEL).
• The machine’s serial number (S/N).
Please state the type designation and serial number
when ordering spare parts.
4
The engine’s serial number is printed on the engine.
The engine type is specified on the crankcase under
the air filter but also appears on the decal on the
starter.
Please state engine serial number and type when
ordering replacement engine parts.
symbols and decals
WARNING!
Xxxx xxx xxxx xx xxxx x xxxx.
Used in this publication to notify the reader of a risk of
personal injury, particularly if the reader DOES NOT
follow the instructions given in the manual.
IMPORTANT INFORMATION
Xxxx xxx xxxx xx xxxx x xxxx.
Used in this publication to notify the reader of a risk
of material damage, particularly if the reader DOES
NOT follow the instructions given in the manual.
Used also when there is a potential for misuse or
misassembly.
Decals
1
2
3
5
4
6
8
7
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
DANGER watch your feet
Warning for bagger
Caution graphics
Height setting
Warning for carbon monoxide
9
6.
7.
8.
9.
Seed application chart
Handle folding instructions
Seeder Dial
Open/Close (Seedbox)
5
symbols and decals
Decal Locations
5
7
4
8
2
9
6
5
5
3
4
1
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6
DANGER watch your feet
Warning for bagger
Caution graphics
Height setting
Warning for carbon monoxide
6.
7.
8.
9.
Seed application chart
Handle folding instructions
Seeder Dial
Open/Close (Seedbox)
SAFETY
General Use
The object of this manual is to help you use your
BlueBird machine safely and to give you information
about how to maintain your machine. Please read
the manual carefully before attempting to use the
machine.
If after reading the operator’s manual you are still
unsure about the safety risks associated with use of
the machine, you should not use the machine. Please
contact your dealer for more information.
These safety instructions only address the basics
for safe use. It would be impossible in the safety
instructions to describe all possible risk situations
that could arise when using the machine. You can,
however, prevent accidents by always using common
sense.
For a replacement copy of the operator’s manual,
contact your dealer.
WARNING!
Under no circumstances may the
original design of the machine be
modified without written approval from
the manufacturer. Such modifications
not only affect the performance and
durability of the machine but may
even pose a safety risk for users and
those in the vicinity. Unauthorized
modifications to the design of the
machine may absolve the manufacturer
from liability for any resulting personal
injury or property damage. Modifying
the machine without written approval
from the manufacturer may void the
guarantee.
IMPORTANT INFORMATION
Do not use the machine until you have
read the operator’s manual carefully and
understand the instructions given. All
maintenance work or adjustments not
described in this manual must be performed
by an authorized BlueBird service workshop.
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
Read this manual carefully and make sure
you understand it before using the machine or
performing any maintenance. If the user cannot
read this manual, it is the responsibility of the
machine owner to explain the contents to the user.
Follow all safety instructions. Failure to do so may
result in injury to yourself or others.
Accident prevention regulations, other general
safety regulations, occupational safety rules and
traffic regulations must be followed without fail.
All users shall be trained in use of the machine.
The owner is responsible for training users.
Engage an authorized BlueBird workshop for all
service and repairs not described in this manual.
BlueBird original spare parts are designed and
specified to maintain high quality and correct fit
for optimal durability and lifespan.
Check that all safety decals are in place. See the
chapter “Symbols and Decals”.
Learn how to use the machine and its controls
safely and learn to recognize the safety decals.
Only use the machine for sowing and dethatching
lawns. It is not intended for any other use.
8011-040
Read this manual carefully before starting the machine.
WARNING!
Overexposure to vibration may lead
to circulatory or nerve damage,
particularly in people who have
impaired circulation.
Contact your doctor if you experience
symptoms that could have been
caused by overexposure to vibration.
Examples of common symptoms
include numbness, pain, muscle
weakness, change of skin color or an
uncomfortable feeling of tingling. These
symptoms appear most frequently in
the fingers, hands or wrists.
7
SAFETY
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
Check that the machine is in serviceable condition
prior to use; see the chapter Maintenance,
Maintenance Schedule.
Only use the machine in daylight or in other well-lit
conditions. Keep the machine a safe distance
from holes or other irregularities in the ground.
Pay attention to other possible risks.
Only allow the machine to be used by adults who
are familiar with its use.
Never allow children or persons not trained in
the use of the machine to use it. Local laws may
regulate the age of the user.
People and animals can distract you causing you
to lose control of the machine. For this reason,
always concentrate and focus on the task at hand.
Make sure animals and people maintain a safe
distance from the machine.
Never leave the machine unsupervised with the
engine running.
Make sure that other people are nearby when you
are using the machine so that you can call for
help should an emergency arise.
The machine is tested and approved only with the
equipment originally provided or recommended
by the manufacturer.
Preparations
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
8
Have first aid equipment at hand when using the
machine.
Make sure no one else is in the vicinity of the
machine when starting the engine, engaging the
drive or running the machine.
Clear the area of objects such as rocks, toys, wire,
etc., which could be picked up and thrown by the
blades.
Locate fixed objects in the ground, such as
sprinkler systems, poles, water valves, bases for
washing lines. Check for hidden electrical cables
or similar in the surface of the lawn. Run the
machine around these objects. Never intentionally
run the machine over foreign objects.
Make sure all guard plates and protective shields
are in place and intact when using the machine.
Make sure no clothing, long hair or jewelry can
catch in moving machine parts.
Never use the machine when barefoot. Always
wear protective shoes or protective boots with
anti-slip and preferably with steel toes.
Wear approved ear-protection when running the
machine. Ask your dealer about approved earprotection.
WARNING!
The engine can become very hot. To
avoid being burned, you must turn off
the engine and wait until all parts have
cooled before touching the engine.
8011-198
WARNING!
Always use approved protective
clothing and approved protective
equipment when using the machine.
Protective clothing and protective
equipment cannot eliminate the risk of
accidents, but wearing proper clothing
and the correct equipment will reduce
the degree of injury should an accident
occur. Ask your dealer about approved
protective clothing and approved
protective equipment recommended by
BlueBird.
8011-670
SAFETY
Operating
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
Do not use the machine on grades of more than
20°. We recommend working across slopes rather
than up and down. This will yield a more even
result. Do not leave the machine standing on a
slope unattended.
Do not use the machine if you are tired, if you
have consumed alcohol, or if you are taking other
drugs or medication that can affect your vision,
judgment or co-ordination.
Never use the machine indoors or in spaces
lacking proper ventilation.
Do not use the machine on any surface other than
grass.
Make sure you have a proper foothold when using
the machine, particularly when backing. Walk,
don’t run. Never work on wet grass. Poor traction
may cause you to slip.
Keep your hands and feet away from moving
parts.
Keep your hands and feet away from the work
tools.
Slow down and be especially careful on
slopes. Make sure to run the machine in the
recommended direction on slopes. Be careful
when working close to sudden changes in level.
Smoking, open flames or sparks in the vicinity
of the machine are strictly forbidden. Gasoline
is extremely flammable and carelessness in
handling can result in personal injury or fire.
Stop and inspect the equipment if you run over or
into anything. If necessary, make repairs before
beginning again.
Whatever happens, you should always park the
machine on even ground, disengage the drive,
turn off the engine and wait until all moving
parts have stopped before leaving the operating
position behind the machine.
8011-041
The engine exhaust is poisonous. Never run the engine
indoors.
8011-091
Keep your hands and feet away from moving parts.
WARNING!
Engine exhaust, some of its
constituents and certain vehicle
components contain or emit chemicals
considered to cause cancer, birth
defects or other reproductive harm. The
engine emits carbon monoxide, which
is a colorless, poisonous gas. Do not
use the machine in enclosed spaces.
8011-289-1
Smoking near the machine is strictly prohibited.
9
SAFETY
Movement/Transport
•
•
•
•
•
•
To turn and steer the machine, press down on the
handle and turn on the back wheels.
Turn off the engine and allow it to cool at least two
minutes before transport.
Collapse the handle if the machine is equipped
with a collapsible handle.
Be careful and use safe lifting and moving
techniques when loading/unloading the machine.
it is recommended to use two people when lifting
the machine.
Fasten the machine properly in place with
approved fasteners, such as tension belts, chains
or rope. Always check that you are in compliance
with applicable traffic regulations before
transporting the machine.
8011-090
We recommend having two people to lift the machine.
Children
Serious accidents can occur if you fail to be on guard
for children in the vicinity of the machine.
Never assume that children will stay put where you
last saw them.
• Keep children away from the machine.
• Keep children away from the work area and under
close supervision by another adult.
• Keep an eye out and shut off the machine if
children enter the work area.
• Never allow children to operate the machine.
• Be particularly careful near corners, bushes, trees
or other objects that block your view.
Storage
•
•
•
•
Allow the engine to cool before storing the
machine. Never store the machine near a open
flame.
Store the machine with the fuel valve closed.
Store the machine and fuel in such a way that
there is no risk that leaking fuel or fumes can
come in contact with flames or sparks from
electrical machines, electric engines, relays,
switches, boilers or similar.
Store the machine in a locked space away
from children and adults untrained in use of the
machine.
8011-038
Keep children away from the machine.
8011-039-1
Keep children away from the work area.
10
SAFETY
Fuel System
WARNING!
Gasoline and gasoline fumes are
poisonous and extremely flammable.
Be especially careful when handling
gasoline, as carelessness can result in
personal injury or fire.
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
Only store fuel in containers approved for that
purpose.
Never remove the fuel cap and fill the fuel tank
when the engine is running.
Always stop the engine when refueling.
Do not smoke when filling the gasoline tank and
do not pour gasoline in the vicinity of sparks or
open flame.
Never fill the fuel tank indoors.
Before starting the machine after refueling, it
should be moved at least 10 feet (3 M) from the
location where it was filled.
Turn off the fuel supply for storage or transport.
If leaks arise in the fuel system, the engine
must not be started until the problem has been
resolved.
Check the fuel level before each use and leave
space for the fuel to expand, because the heat
from the engine and the sun can otherwise cause
the fuel to expand and overflow.
Avoid overfilling. Wipe up any spilled gasoline
and wait until it has evaporated before starting
the engine. If you spill gasoline on your clothing,
change your clothing.
8011-037-1
Never fill the fuel tank indoors.
8011-036
Close the fuel valve.
8011-019
Fueling always poses an element of risk.
11
SAFETY
Maintenance
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
12
Never make adjustments with the engine running.
Disengage the drive units, shut off the engine and
wait until all moving parts come to a complete
stop before making adjustments, performing
maintenance or cleaning the machine.
Disconnect the spark plug cable before beginning
repair work.
Keep all components in serviceable condition and
make sure all nuts, bolts, etc. are tight. Replace
worn or damaged decals.
Be careful when checking work tools. Use gloves
when performing maintenance work.
Never allow persons not trained in the use of the
machine to perform service on it.
Always park the machine on even ground before
performing maintenance or making adjustments.
Do not disassemble the engine. This can
invalidate your engine warranty. Contact your
dealer if you have any questions regarding
service or guarantee matters. Follow all
maintenance instructions.
Do not change the setting of governors and avoid
running the engine with overly high RPM. If you
run the engine too fast, you risk damaging the
machine components.
Do not modify safety equipment. Check regularly
to be sure it works properly. The machine must
not be run with defective or disassembled safety
equipment.
The muffler is designed to maintain sound levels
at an approved level and keep direct exhaust
away from the user. Exhaust gases from the
engine are extremely hot and may contain sparks
that can cause fires or burn the user.
Never use a machine with a defective muffler.
Reduce the risk of fire by removing grass, leaves
and other debris that may have caught in the
machine.
8011-027
Disconnect the spark plug cable before repair work.
WARNING!
Wait until all moving parts are
completely still before performing
maintenance on the machine.
Turn off the engine and remove the
spark plug cable.
assembly/CONTROLS
1. Rotate the handle and tighten it in place.
2. Fill the engine with the manufacturerrecommended oil. See section Lubrication,
Engine Oil.
3. Test the clutch. Make sure that the clutch
expansion spring disengages 6.35 mm (¼") easily.
4. The engine RPM is preset by the manufacturer.
Idle speed is 1250–1400 RPM. Maximum engine
speed is 3600 RPM.
See the engine manual for instructions on adjusting
the regulator and carburetor if the engine speed is not
within these limits.
3
7
2
4
6
9
1
5
8
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
Oil refill engine
Clutch cable
Clutch bail
Engine
Depth lever
6.
7.
8.
9.
Knob for collapsible handle
Handle
Shaft guard
Belt shield
13
CONTROLS
The dethatcher is available in two basic designs 18"
and 22" widths.
The machine is equipped with a Briggs & Stratton, fourcycle engine.
The 22" dethatcher can be equipped with a catcher. It
is available as an accessory at your BlueBird dealer.
The 22" dethatcher can be equipped with a seeder. It
is available as an accessory at your BlueBird dealer.
It is not possible to use a catcher and seeder
simultaneously.
14
CONTROLS
Engine
Refer to your engine manual.
Fueling
Read the safety instructions before fueling.
Keep the fuel and fuel tank clean. Avoid filling the
machine with dirty fuel. Make sure the fuel cap is
properly tightened and the gasket is not damaged,
particularly before washing the machine.
Use unleaded gasoline with minimum 86 octane
rating. Never use gasoline mixed with two-cycle oil.
For ethanol and methanol fuel, the following applies:
Maximum allowable ethanol 10% (volume).
Maximum allowable methanol 5% (volume).
Maximum allowable MTBE (Methyl Tertiary Butyl
Ether) 15% (volume).
If the engine knocks or pings at normal load it can
be damaged. Change the fuel. If this does not help,
contact an authorized service workshop.
Do not fill the tank completely; leave space for the fuel
to expand as it warms up.
WARNING!
Gasoline is highly flammable. Observe
caution and fill the tank outdoors.
See the safety instructions.
Cutting Unit
Depth Lever
Use the depth lever to raise and lower the blades
between working and transport position. The depth
lever has a lock-out bolt that should be left in until the
blades wear down. Then move the bolt to a lower hole
to allow the blades to penetrate the soil.
• Flail Blades or Spring Tines Set blade or tine
depth so that the blades or tines just touch on a
flat surface such as a sidewalk or driveway.
• Delta Blades Set blades to penetrate the soil to
a depth of 1/8" to ¼" with a maximum penetration
of ½". Check seed bag for the manufacture’s
recommended depth of application
• Lawns with deep thatch exceeding ¾" may be
best dethatched in two treatments (spring and
fall) to avoid major shock to an older lawn.
8064-017
Depth lever
Clutch
The clutch tightens the drive belt and engages the
drive for the blades. When the clutch lever is pressed
against the handle, the blades begin to rotate. Hold
the clutch tightly when working so the belt does not
slip.
8060-108
Hold the clutch bail against the upper handle.
15
CONTROLS
Cutting Blades
Flail Blades
Thatch is the dense layer of clippings, roots and
stems that forms between the soil and the base of
the grass. As thatch builds up, it prevents water,
air and fertilizer from being absorbed into the soil.
This causes shallow root development leading to
vulnerability to drought and frost. Excessive thatch
also creates an ideal environment for insects and lawn
diseases. Power-raking with flail blades removes this
thatch layer and restores your lawn to good health.
Flail blades offer the most aggressive dethatching of
all the blades offered.
8061-109
Delta Blades
Delta blades were created primarily for overseeding
existing lawn. They effectively incorporate grass
seed into the soil. This is an easy, reliable method for
rejuvenating poor lawns. The delta blade is also useful
as a vertical mower for cutting running stem grasses
and opening up the soil to oxygen, water, nutrients
and other chemicals. Delta blades are also beneficial
on slopes, terraces and in high clay content soils
where water runoff is a problem. The blades should
be set to penetrate the soil to a depth of 1/8" to ¼" with
a maximum penetration of ½".
Check your seed bag for the manufacturer’s
recommended depth of application.
8064-019
Spring Tines
Ideal for the established lawn that is not in need of a
complete renovation but requires dethatching (dryspots, fungus, etc.). Spring tines are designed to
pluck dead grass and thatch out of the lawn without
tearing or damaging existing root structure. With the
flexible tines, the lawn is combed only 0.5 cm into the
soil, so it cannot penetrate the root structure. Spring
tines provide less aggressive dethatching than flail
blades. NOTE: Do not use spring tines with bagger
attachment.
8064-020
16
operation
Seed Application
Preparing the Lawn
1. Cut the grass to approximately ½" (1-1.5 cm) lower
than you normally would.
2. Do not water before sowing.
3. Remove the layer of old grass cuttings (thatch).
4. Aerate the lawn with a core-type ground aerator.
5. Fertilize the lawn.
Seed Application Chart
Located on the seeder, the chart values are
approximate; quantities of seed depend on the speed
at which the machine is run. Faster running speeds
results in sparser sowing.
To set the seed application, loosen the wingnut and
turn the seeder dial to the desired sowing setting.
Retighten wingnut.
Pull back on the OPEN/CLOSE lever to apply seed.
1
2
3
8060-021
1. Selection dial
2. Wingnut
3. OPEN/CLOSE lever
Set application per chart and turn on seeder
Seed Application Recommendations
• For best results, sow in two directions with a 45°
angle between.
• Water generously immediately afterward and
continue watering moderately for 10–14 days to
keep the soil moist.
• After germination, water sporadically to
encourage root growth.
2
1
1. Safety door
2. Rear nut
Attach bag to bagger frame
8060-032
Bagger Attachment and Removal
To attach bagger, place foot on safety door rear bolt
and push down until door is flat. Set the bagger onto
the door and up against the chute.
Secure bag clamp.
To remove door, unlatch bag clamp. Push down on
rear bolt and slide bagger away from the chute. The
safety door is spring loaded and will flip up to cover
the rear opening until the bag is reinstalled.
8060-023
Secure bag latch
17
operation
Before Starting
•
•
Mow the lawn ½" shorter than normal.
Allow the lawn to dry. Wet conditions can cause
extensive damage to healthy grass.
IMPORTANT INFORMATION
Clear the lawn of any debris.
Clearly mark rocks and other fixed objects.
Be especially sure to check for hidden
electrical cables or similar in the surface of
the lawn.
Starting
•
•
Check for stones or fixed objects in the lawn.
Set the depth lever in working position.
•
To engage the clutch in heavy thatch, bear down
on the handle and raise the front wheels slightly.
Hold the clutch bail against the handle and
carefully lower the machine into the turf.
Do a small test area at a slow walking pace.
The depth setting is too deep if the engine speed
drops excessively, or if the machine pulls forward
and bucks roughly.
•
•
Finishing
•
•
18
Remove all extracted thatch from the grass and
compost/dispose of properly.
Other methods for improving your lawn may
include aeration and fertilization.
8060-108
Hold clutch bail against handle
MAINTENANCE
Maintenance Schedule
The following is a list of maintenance procedures that
must be performed on the machine. For those points
not described in this manual, visit an authorized
service workshop.
Maintenance
Daily
before
starting
Maintenance interval months/hours
1/25
3/50
l
Replace engine oil 1)
l
Check the air filter
l
2)
Replace air filter cartridge
12/300
l
Check the engine oil level
Clean the air filter
6/100
l
2)
l
l
Clean sludge reservoir for fuel system
Check and clean the spark plug
l
l
l
l
l
Replace the spark plug
Check idle speed
Check and adjust play in valves 4)
Clean fuel tank 4)
Check, replace fuel lines as necessary 4, 5)
Check clutch and clutch cable
Check flail blade lock washers
Check decals and warning signs
Check the seed holes for the seeder
Check wear and tension on the belts
Check blade wear and condition
Check the chassis, bolts and set screws
l
l
l
l
l
l
l
l
Check the seed control lever for the seeder
Check the wire mountings on the seeder
Lubrication; see the Lubrication schedule
l
l
1)
First change after 20 hours. 2) In dusty conditions maintenance is required at shorter intervals. 3) With daily use, the machine shall be
lubricated twice weekly. 4) Performed by authorized service workshop. 5) Performed every second year.
WARNING!
No service operations may be performed on the engine or unit unless:
The machine is securely parked where it will not tip or begin rolling.
The engine is stopped.
The ignition cable has been removed from the spark plug.
19
MAINTENANCE
Drive Belt
1. When checking the drive belt, allow the engine to
cool.
2. Remove the spark plug cable.
3. Remove the belt guard (see illustration) on the left
side of the machine.
4. Check that the belt is running in the proper track;
the pulleys should guide the belt in a straight line.
5. Check that the belt and pulleys are not oily. If they
are, first try to clean them with spirits. If they are
heavily coated, take the machine to an authorized
service workshop to fix the oil leakage and
replace the belt.
8064-021
Remove belt cover
6. Check the belt for cracks, heat damage or worn
edges.
7. Check that guide and tensioning equipment for
the belt is not loose and is properly set.
8. If the belt needs to be replaced - loosen the belt
guides.
8064-022
Check drive belt
9. Remove the old belt.
10. Check for wear on the pulleys and replace as
necessary.
11. Check the engine pulley alignment to the rotor
pulley and adjust as necessary. The belt should
run straight.
12. Fit a new belt by first pulling it over the lower
pulley and then the engine pulley. Check that the
tensioning pulley and belt guides end up outside
the belt loop.
13. Tighten belt guides and refit the belt guard.
8064-033
20
MAINTENANCE
Flail blades
Wear/Rotation/Replacing
After you have used your dethatcher for some time,
the blades will begin to wear on the striking edge.
When this happens, their dethatching performance will
diminish. A new combing edge may be obtained by
rotating the entire rotor shaft assembly laterally (end to
end). This procedure can be repeated until the blades
reach their wear limit; see illustration.
Rotate the rotor shaft as follows:
3.5" / 89mm
1
2
3
8011-006
1. New blade
2. Worn blade
3. After rotation
Rotating the rotor shaft
1. Allow the engine to cool.
2. Disconnect the spark plug.
3. Remove the belt guard.
IMPORTANT INFORMATION
Only the flail blade rotor shaft can be rotated
to achieve even wear. The spring tines and
delta blades must be operated in the correct
direction.
8064-021
Remove belt cover
4. Remove the shaft guard and pulley from the rotor
shaft.
5. Remove the six bearing bolts and allow the rotor
shaft to slide out.
6. Check the shaft, bearing, blade length, blade
e-rings and spacers.
7. Rotate the shaft end for end.
8. Refit the bearing bolts.
9. Refit the pulley and check that it is aligned with
top pulley.
10. Refit the drive belt.
11. Check the pulley alignment to the engine shaft
pulley. The drive belt should run smoothly in its
track. Adjust as necessary. Tighten the pulleys.
12. Refit the belt guard.
13. Reattach the spark plug cable.
8064-022
Remove guards and rotor shaft fasteners
21
MAINTENANCE
Replacing worn flail blades
1. Allow the engine to cool.
2. Disconnect the spark plug.
3. Tip the machine forward; see Two Minute Rule in
this section.
4
3
1
IMPORTANT INFORMATION
When tipping the machine forward observe
the “Two minute rule”.
4. Remove e-rings (locking washer type) that hold
the blade shaft (2) in place (see the illustration).
5. Inspect the blade shafts and replace if bent or
worn.
6. Drive the blade shafts out towards the center. The
blades and the plastic spacers will fall off.
7. Fit the new blades and replace the plastic
spacers as necessary. Refer to the illustration of
the components for blade/spacer placement.
8. Install e-rings.
9. Repeat this procedure for the remaining three
shafts.
10. Reattach the spark plug cable.
2
1. E-ring
2. Blade shaft
3. Blades
4. Spacers
Flail blade
8061-110
Delta Blades
Wear/Replacing
Over time and due to wear, the blades will diminish in
length. Once the blades have worn down by about ¾"
(19 mm), the overall length of the blade at the longest
point of the blade will be about 2½" (64 mm), and it will
be necessary to replace the blades.
It is possible to replace delta blades without removing
the rotor shaft. Remove the delta blade by removing
the two screws with nuts holding the blade in place.
Turn the new blade until it is properly aligned; see
illustration.
8061-110
Delta blade
22
MAINTENANCE
Spring tines
Wear/Replacing
Over time and due to wear, the tines will diminish in
length. When the tines can no longer be adjusted
to comb ¼" (6 mm) into the soil, the tines must be
replaced.
Spring tines can be replaced without removing the
rotor shaft by using a ½" socket wrench. Remove the
screw and replace the spring tine using the wrench.
NOTE: Do not use spring tines with bagger
attachment.
8061-110
Spring tines
Two Minute Rule
The machine may be tipped forward to facilitate
access for cleaning or service, but no longer than 2
minutes.
If the machine is held in this position for too long, the
engine can be damaged by gasoline draining into the
crankcase. Should this happen, perform an extra oil
change on the engine. Remove the spark plug and
turn the engine over a few revolutions with the starter
handle before starting the engine again.
8064-024
Cleaning and Washing
Regular cleaning and washing will increase the
machine’s lifespan. Make it a habit to clean the
machine directly after use, before the dirt sticks.
Check before rinsing that the fuel tank lid is properly
in place to avoid getting water in the tank.
Use caution when using high-pressure spray because
warning decals, instruction signs and the engine can
be damaged. Do not exceed 70 bar/1000 PSI water
pressure when cleaning.
Lubricate the machine after cleaning. This is
particularly important if the machine is to be stored.
8011-121
Keep the machine clean.
23
LUBRICATION
Lubrication Schedule
1. Check engine oil daily, change every six months
or 100 hours.
2. Check and lubricate wheel bearings once a
month.
3. Lubricate folding handle points with an oil can
once a week.
4. Lubricate main shaft bearings once a week or
every 40 hours.
5. Cover the blades with a thin coat of oil to avoid
rust. This is particularly important prior to winter
storage or if the machine will not be used for a
period of longer than 30 days.
Stop the engine and remove the ignition cable before
attempting to lubricate the machine.
Wipe away excessive grease after lubrication. It is
important to avoid getting lubricant on the belt or the
drive surfaces on the belt pulleys. Should this happen,
attempt to clean them with spirits. If the belt continues
to slip after cleaning, it must be replaced.
3
1
2
3
5
4
2
24
TROUBLESHOOTING
Symptom
Cause
Action
Fuel valve closed.
Open the fuel valve.
Choke valve open
Close the choke with cold engine.
Engine switch in OFF position
Turn the engine switch to ON
Fuel tank empty
Fill with fuel
Machine stored without observing
proper procedure from chapter
“Storage/Winter storage”
Clean tank, sludge reservoir and
empty carburetor. Fill the tank with
fresh fuel.
Contamination, water or ice in fuel
system.
Clean tank, sludge reservoir and
empty carburetor. Fill the tank with
fresh fuel.
Carburetor problems.
Contact an authorized service
workshop.
Wrong spark plug type.
Replace the spark plug.
Build-up on electrodes. Short
circuit.
Check electrode gap and clean or
replace spark plug.
Gasoline or oil on the spark plug.
Clean the spark plug. Air the
engine out. Start with full throttle.
No spark after checking spark plug
Faulty engine switch, cable or
ignition.
Contact an authorized service
workshop.
Low compression
Serious interior engine damage or
faulty valves.
Contact an authorized service
workshop.
Air filter
Clogged air filter
Clean or replace the air filter
Fuel system
Machine stored without observing
proper procedure from chapter
“Storage/Winter storage”
Clean tank, sludge reservoir and
empty carburetor. Fill the tank with
fresh fuel.
Blue or voluminous
blue-white exhaust
Contaminated or incorrect fuel
Clean tank, sludge reservoir and
empty carburetor. Fill the tank with
proper fuel.
Black exhaust
Choke left on
Open choke valve
Clogged air filter
Clean or replace the air filter
Carburetor problems
Contact an authorized service
workshop.
Wrong spark plug type
Replace the spark plug
Build-up on electrodes. Short
circuit.
Check electrode gap and clean or
replace spark plug.
Faulty ignition unit.
Contact an authorized service
workshop.
Serious interior engine damage or
faulty valves.
Contact an authorized service
workshop.
Engine will not start
User error
Fuel system
Spark plug
Engine is under-powered or runs
unevenly
Ignition system
Low compression
25
Storage
Winter storage
At the end of the season, the machine should be
readied for storage (or if it will not be in use for longer
than 30 days). Fuel allowed to stand for long periods
of time (30 days or more) can leave sticky residues
that can plug the carburetor and disrupt engine
function.
Fuel stabilizers are an acceptable option to reducing
sticky residues during storage. If alkylate gasoline
(Aspen) is used, stabilizers are unnecessary because
this fuel is stable. However, you should avoid
switching between regular and alkylate gasoline
as sensitive rubber components can harden. Add
stabilizer to the fuel in the tank or in the storage
container. Always use the mixing ratios specified by
the manufacturer of the stabilizer. Run the engine for
at least 10 minutes after adding the stabilizer so that
it reaches the carburetor. Do not empty the fuel tank
and the carburetor if you have added stabilizer.
To ready the machine for storage, follow these steps:
1. Clean the machine carefully, particularly the
chassis and working equipment. Mend damage to
the paint to prevent rust.
2. Inspect the machine for worn or damaged parts
and tighten any nuts or bolts that may have
become loose.
3. Change the engine oil; dispose of properly.
4. Winterize the engine according to the engine
manufacturer’s instructions.
5. Lubricate all grease nipples, joints and shafts
as described in the Lubrication Schedule in the
Lubrication section.
6. Store the machine in a clean, dry place and cover
for extra protection.
Service
When ordering spare parts, please specify the
­purchase year, model, type, and serial number.
Always use genuine BlueBird spare parts.
An annual check-up at an authorized service
workshop is a good way to ensure that your machine
performs its best the following season.
26
WARNING!
Never store an engine with fuel in the
tank indoors or in poorly ventilated
spaces where fuel vapor can come in
contact with open flame, sparks or a
pilot light such as in a boiler, hot water
tank, clothing drier, etc.
Han­dle the fuel with caution. It is very
­flammable and careless use can cause
serious damage to person and property.
Drain the fuel into an approved
container outdoors and far away from
open flame. Never use gasoline for
cleaning. Use a degreaser and warm
water instead.
TECHNICAL DATA
18" POWER RAKE
Engine
5.5 HP Briggs & Stratton*
Primary drive
V-belt
Dethatching width
18"
Clutch control
Handle-mounted with automatic safety declutching
Clutch
Belt tightener with spring return and idling pulley mechanism
Depth setting
Adjustable depth control with lever mechanism
Flail blade reel
(26) case-hardened steel blades with 5/8" (1.6 cm) spacers
/8" x 1" x 3½" (0.3 x 2.5 x 8.9 cm)
1
Delta blade reel
(24) austempered 12-gauge steel blades with 2" (5 cm) spacers
Spring tine reel
(36) .110" music wire springs with RH helix finish
Handle
Folding, ergonomic design with upholstery
Weight
Dethatcher 144 lbs (65.3 kg)
Width
28" (71 cm)
Length
26¾" (68 cm) without handle
50" (127 cm) with handle
Height
24" (61 cm) without handle
40" (102 cm) with handle
Distance between axles
17¾" (45cm) center to center
Bearings
¾" closed flanged cartridge
Wheels, Front and Rear
Front 8" x 1¾"
*The power rating of the engines indicated is the
average net power output (at specified rpm) of a
typical production engine for the engine model
measured to SAE standard J1349/ISO1585. Mass
production engines may differ from this value.
Actual power output for the engine installed in the
final machine will depend on the operating speed,
environmental conditions and other variables.
27
TECHNICAL DATA
22" POWER RAKE
Engine
5.5 HP Briggs & Stratton* or none
Primary drive
V-belt
Dethatching width
22"
Clutch control
Handle-mounted with automatic safety declutching
Clutch
Belt tightener with spring return and idling pulley mechanism
Seeding Width
22" (55.8 cm)
Depth setting
Adjustable depth control with lever mechanism
Flail blade reel
32 case-hardened steel blades with 5/8" (1.6 cm) spacers
/8" x 1" x 3½" (0.3 x 2.5 x 8.9 cm)
1
Delta blade reel
30 austempered 12-gauge steel blades with 2" (5 cm) spacers
Handle
Folding, ergonomic design with upholstery
Catcher Bag
8 ft3 (0.23 m3) synthetic material on frame with wheels
Seed hopper
1368 in3 (22.3 L) or approx. 30 lbs (13.6 kg) seed,
self-propelled stirring, inspection window
Weight
Dethatcher 144 lbs (65.3 kg)
with seed hopper 165 lbs (74.8 kg)
with catcher bag 157 lbs (71.2 kg)
Width
28" (71 cm)
Length
26¾" (68 cm) without handle
50" (127 cm) with handle
Height
24" (61 cm) without handle
40" (102 cm) with handle
Distance between axles
17¾" (45cm) center to center
Bearings
¾" closed flanged cartridge
Wheels
Front 8" x 1¾"
Back 10" x 2¾" catcher bag
Back 10" x 1¾" seed hopper
*The power rating of the engines indicated is the
average net power output (at specified rpm) of a
typical production engine for the engine model
measured to SAE standard J1349/ISO1585. Mass
production engines may differ from this value.
Actual power output for the engine installed in the
final machine will depend on the operating speed,
environmental conditions and other variables.
28
SERVICE JOURNAL
Action
Date, stamp, signature
Delivery Service
Check the machine for damage in transport.
Where applicable, assembly accompanying components.
Check that the machine design corresponds to the
customer order.
Check that the right amount of oil is in the engine and transmission.
Check that the working equipment is properly set.
Check that the drive pulleys are aligned.
Check that belts are properly adjusted.
Lubricate the machine as described in the lubrication schedule.
Check all operating instruments.
q
q
q
q
q
q
q
q
q
Check decals and information attached to the unit.
Check the engine speed (RPM), see Technical Data.
Check for leakage.
q
q
Inform the customer about:
The need and advantages of following the service schedule.
The need and advantages of leaving the machine for service every
300 hours.
The effects of service and maintaining a service journal on the
machine’s resale value.
Fill in the sales papers, etc.
q
q
q
Delivery service has
been carried out.
No remaining notes.
Certified:
After the first 20 hours
Change engine oil.
Check that belts are properly adjusted.
Tighten screws and nuts.
q
q
q
29
SERVICE JOURNAL
Action
30
Date, stamp, signature
P/N 115 165127R1
04/05/10
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