ADC | 10 | User`s guide | ADC 10 User`s guide

ADC 10 User`s guide
ADC-10, ADC-12,
ADC-40 and ADC-42
User's Guide
adc1042.en-2
Copyright © 1995-2007 Pico Technology. All rights reserved.
I
ADC-10,12,40,42 User's Guide
Contents
1 Contents .....................................................................................................................................1
2 Introduction
.....................................................................................................................................2
...........................................................................................................................................3
1 Connecting
to the PC
...........................................................................................................................................4
2 Legal information
3 Safety...........................................................................................................................................5
warning
3 Product Features
.....................................................................................................................................6
...........................................................................................................................................6
1 Specification
...........................................................................................................................................6
2 Asynchronously
...........................................................................................................................................6
3 Streaming
...........................................................................................................................................7
4 Technical
information
1 Scaling ...........................................................................................................................................7
4 Driver Formats
.....................................................................................................................................8
& Routines
1 Driver...........................................................................................................................................9
Formats
1 Windows...........................................................................................................................................9
XP/Vista
2 Linux ...........................................................................................................................................9
...........................................................................................................................................11
2 Procedures
...........................................................................................................................................11
1 adc10_get_driver_version
...........................................................................................................................................11
2 adc10_open_unit
...........................................................................................................................................11
3 adc10_close_unit
...........................................................................................................................................12
4 adc10_set_unit
...........................................................................................................................................12
5 adc10_get_value
...........................................................................................................................................12
6 adc10_get_value_and_time
...........................................................................................................................................13
7 adc10_set_trigger
...........................................................................................................................................14
8 adc10_set_interval
...........................................................................................................................................14
9 adc10_is_streaming
...........................................................................................................................................15
10 adc10_run
...........................................................................................................................................15
11 adc10_ready
...........................................................................................................................................15
12 adc10_stop
...........................................................................................................................................15
13 adc10_get_values
...........................................................................................................................................16
14 adc10_get_times_and_values
...........................................................................................................................................16
15 adc10_get_unit_info
...........................................................................................................................................17
16 adc10_labview_single
5 Programming
.....................................................................................................................................18
Support
1C
...........................................................................................................................................18
...........................................................................................................................................18
2 Delphi
3 Excel...........................................................................................................................................19
...........................................................................................................................................19
4 Visual
Basic
...........................................................................................................................................19
5 LabVIEW
...........................................................................................................................................19
6 Agilent-VEE
Index ..............................................................................................................................................20
adc1042.en-2
Copyright © 1995-2007 Pico Technology. All rights reserved.
Contents
1
1
Contents
1.
2.
3.
4.
Introduction
Connecting to PC
Specifications
Technical Information
Writing your own software (overview)
C/C++
Visual Basic
Delphi
Excel
Agilent VEE
LabVIEW
Linux
Other information
Contact Pico
Technical Support
Signal Conditioners
Safety
Legal
Print this manual
Copyright © 1995-2007 Pico Technology. All rights reserved.
adc1042.en-2
2
2
ADC-10,12,40,42 User's Guide
Introduction
The Pico ADC-10, ADC-12, ADC-40 and ADC-42 are medium-speed, single-channel,
analogue-to-digital converters.
All of these products can be used as virtual instruments (oscilloscope / spectrum
analyser) with the PicoScope program, or as a data logger using PicoLog. There are
also stand-alone programs to collect large blocks of data under Windows.
Alternatively, you can use the driver software to develop your own programs to
collect and analyse data from the unit (the same driver works for all units).
There are three differences between these products:
the ADC-10 and ADC-40 are 8-bit converters, and the ADC-12 and ADC-42 are
12-bit converters
the ADC-10 and ADC-12 accept 0 to +5 volts, whereas the ADC-40 and ADC-42
accept -5 to +5 volts
the ADC-40 and ADC-42 have an input impedance of 1 megohm, and so are
suitable for use with x10 scope probes. The ADC-10 and ADC-12 have a lower
input impedance, and will give misleading results if used with a x10 probe.
This manual describes the physical and electrical properties of the ADC-10/12/40/42,
and explains how to use the software drivers. Please refer to the documents listed
below for further information about other items.
PicoLog for Windows
PicoScope for Windows
adc1042.en-2
Online help file
Online help file
Copyright © 1995-2007 Pico Technology. All rights reserved.
Introduction
2.1
3
Connecting to the PC
The ADC-10, ADC-12, ADC-40 and ADC-42 can be connected to the PC in two ways:
directly to a printer port on the computer
to a USB port on the computer, via a Pico USB parallel port adapter.
Printer port operation
When you install the application software from the Pico CD, the computer will ask you
which port to use. You should select LPT1, LPT2 or LPT3.
To use the ADC, you should connect it to the printer port on your computer, either
directly or using a good quality extension cable.
USB parallel port operation
Please note that USB printer port interfaces are not suitable for use with Pico
products. If you wish to connect a Pico product to a USB port, you will need a Pico
USB Parallel Port adapter. You will also need Windows XP SP2 or Vista.
When you install the application software from the Pico CD:
When the computer asks you which port to use, select USB-PP1.
Once the USB driver software is installed, connect the Pico USB parallel port adapter
to your PC: the computer will automatically configure the drivers.
See streaming for more information about the advantages of operating via a Pico USB
parallel port.
Checking the installation
To check that the unit is working, start up the PicoScope program and then connect a
voltage source to the BNC connector. The ADC has the same connectors as an
oscilloscope, so you can use standard oscilloscope probes. Oscilloscope probes with
x10 facility require 1 megaohm input impedance and should therefore only be used
with the ADC-40 and ADC-42.
PicoScope should now display the voltage that you have connected. If you are using
scope probes, when you touch the scope probe tip with your finger, you should see a
small 50 Hz mains signal on the screen.
If you have connected the ADC to a parallel port other than the port specified when
you installed the software, you will need to go to the Setup panel and then change the
port number to the appropriate value (USB port numbers begin with USB-PPx. If you
have more than one USB parallel port, they will be numbered according to the order
they are plugged into the PC). You will need to exit and re-enter the software to
activate the change.
Copyright © 1995-2007 Pico Technology. All rights reserved.
adc1042.en-2
4
2.2
ADC-10,12,40,42 User's Guide
Legal information
Grant of licence
The material contained in this release is licensed, not sold. Pico Technology Limited
grants a license to the person who installs this software, subject to the conditions
listed below.
Access
The licensee agrees to allow access to this software only to persons who have been
informed of and agree to abide by these conditions.
Usage
The software in this release is for use only with Pico products or with data collected
using Pico products.
Copyright
Pico Technology Limited claims the copyright of and retains the rights to all material
(software, documents etc) contained in this release.
The user may copy and distribute the entire release in installable form, but you may
not copy individual items within the release other than for backup purposes.
Liability
Pico Technology and its agents shall not be liable for any loss, damage or injury,
howsoever caused, related to the use of Pico Technology equipment or software,
unless excluded by statute.
Fitness for purpose
No two applications are the same, so Pico Technology cannot guarantee that its
equipment or software is suitable for a given application. It is therefore the user's
responsibility to ensure that the product is suitable for the user's application.
Mission-critical applications
Because the software runs on a computer that may be running other software
products, and may be subject to interference from these other products, this licence
specifically excludes usage in mission-critical applications such as life-support
systems.
Viruses
This software was continuously monitored for viruses during production, but the user
is responsible for virus checking the software once it is installed.
Support
If you are dissatisfied with the performance of this software, please contact our
technical support staff. If we believe that there is a problem, we will try to fix the
problem within a reasonable timescale. If you are still dissatisfied, please return the
product and software to your supplier within 28 days of purchase for a full refund.
Upgrades
Pico Technology provides upgrades, free of charge, from our web site
www.picotech.com. We reserve the right to charge for updates or replacements
sent out on physical media.
Trade marks
Windows is a registered trademark of Microsoft Corporation.
adc1042.en-2
Copyright © 1995-2007 Pico Technology. All rights reserved.
Introduction
5
Pico Technology Limited, DrDAQ and PicoScope are internationally registered trade
marks.
2.3
Safety warning
We strongly recommend that you read the general safety information below before
using your product for the first time. If the equipment is not used in the manner
specified, then the protection provided may be impaired. This could result in damage
to your computer and injury to yourself or others.
Maximum input range
The ADC-10 and ADC-12 are designed to measure voltages in the range 0 to +5V.
Any voltages in excess of ±30V may cause permanent damage to the unit.
The ADC-40 and ADC-42 are designed to measure voltages in the range -5V to +5V.
Any voltages in excess of ±30V may cause permanent damage to the unit.
Mains voltages
No Pico products are designed for use with mains voltages. To measure mains we
recommend the use of a differential isolating probe specifically designed for such
measurements.
Safety grounding
The ground of every product is connected directly to the ground of your computer via
the provided interconnecting cable. This is done in order to minimise interference.
Always use the provided cable to attach the product to your computer.
As with most oscilloscopes and data loggers, you should take care to avoid connecting
the ground input of the product to anything which may be at some voltage other than
ground. If in doubt, use a meter to check that there is no significant AC or DC
voltage. Failure to check may cause damage to the product and computer and could
cause injury to yourself or others.
You should assume that the product does not have a protective safety earth.
Misconfiguration or use on voltages outside the maximum input range can be
hazardous.
Repairs
The unit contains no user serviceable parts: repair or calibration of the unit requires
specialised test equipment and must be performed by Pico Technology Limited or their
authorised distributors.
Copyright © 1995-2007 Pico Technology. All rights reserved.
adc1042.en-2
6
ADC-10,12,40,42 User's Guide
3
Product Features
3.1
Specification
Resolution
Number of input
channels
Input range
Maximum sampling
rate
Repeatability
Absolute accuracy
Overvoltage
protection
Input impedance
Output connector
Input connectors
Power
requirements
Environmental
conditions
3.2
8 bits
1
0 to 5 V
20 kS/s
±4 LSB at 25°C
±1% typical at 25°C
±30 V
200 kiloohm
D25 to PC parallel port
BNC
power supply required
0 to 70°C
0 to 95% humidity
NOT water-resistant
Asynchronously
The Pico USB parallel port takes samples from the product, under its own control, and
stores them until the computer has time to read them. The term asynchronous is
used to indicate that the time the samples are collected is not the same as the time
the PC requests them.
3.3
Streaming
If a device is connected to a Pico USB parallel port, data is collected asynchronously,
without any intervention from the PC. This gives considerably more reliable data
collection, and sampling does not interfere with the operation of the your computer.
When collecting data from a streaming device using the drivers, three modes are
available:
BM_SINGLE - collect a single block of data and exit
BM_WINDOW - collect a series of overlapping blocks of data
BM_STREAM - collect a continuous stream of data.
BM_SINGLE is useful when you wish to collect data at high speed for a relatively short
period. For example, to collect 1000 readings in 50 ms.
BM_WINDOW is useful when collecting several blocks of data at relatively low speedsfor example when collecting 10000 samples over 10 seconds. Collecting a sequence of
SINGLE blocks like this would take 10 seconds for each block, so displayed data would
not be updated frequently. Using windowing, it is possible to ask for a new block more
frequently, for example every second, and to receive a block containing nine seconds
of data that have already been seen and one second of new data. The block is
effectively a 10-second 'window' that advances one second each time.
adc1042.en-2
Copyright © 1995-2007 Pico Technology. All rights reserved.
Product Features
7
BM_STREAM is useful when you need to collect data continuously for long periods. In
principle, it would be possible to collect data indefinitely. Each time adc10_get_values
is called, it returns the new readings since the last time it was called. No_of_values
passed to adc10_run must be sufficient to ensure that the buffer does not overflow
between successive calls to adc10_get_values. For example, if you call
adc10_get_values every second, and you are collecting 500 samples per second,
no_of_values must be at least 500, and preferably 1000 to give some allowance for
delays in the operating system.
3.4
Technical information
Scaling
3.4.1
(Converting from ADC counts to voltage)
Scaling
The ADC-10 is an 8-bit unipolar analog to digital converter. This means that it
produces values in the range 0 to 255 to represent voltages between 0 and 5 volts. To
convert from ADC readings to volts, you should multiply by 5 and divide by 255. Thus,
an ADC reading of 132 represents 132 x 5 / 255 = 2.588 volts.
The ADC-12 is a 12-bit unipolar analog to digital converter. This means that it
produces values in the range 0 to 4095 to represent voltages between 0 and 5 volts.
To convert from ADC readings to volts, you should multiply by 5 and divide by 4095.
Thus, an ADC reading of 132 represents 132 x 5 / 4095 = 0.161 volts.
The ADC-40 is an 8-bit bipolar analog to digital converter. This means that it produces
values in the range 0 to 255 to represent voltages between -5 and 5 volts. To convert
from ADC readings to volts, you should subtract 128, multiply by 5 and divide by 128.
Thus, an ADC reading of 132 represents (132-128) x 5 / 128 = 0.156 volts.
The ADC-42 is a 12-bit bipolar analog to digital converter. This means that it produces
values in the range 0 to 4095 to represent voltages between -5 and 5 volts. To
convert from ADC readings to volts, you should subtract 2048, multiply by 5 and
divide by 2048. Thus, an ADC reading of 132 represents (132-2048) x 5 / 2048 =
-4.677 volts.
Copyright © 1995-2007 Pico Technology. All rights reserved.
adc1042.en-2
8
4
ADC-10,12,40,42 User's Guide
Driver Formats & Routines
The ADC-10, ADC-12, ADC-40 and ADC-42 are supplied with driver routines that you
can build into your own programs. Drivers are provided for the following operating
systems:
Windows XP
Windows Vista
Linux
Once you have installed the software, the Examples subdirectory contains the drivers
and a selection of examples of how to use the drivers. It also contains a copy of this
help file in text format.
The driver routine is supplied as Dynamic Link Libraries for Windows.
The Windows DLLs can be used with any programming language or application that
can interface with DLLs- for example, C, Delphi, Visual Basic, Excel, Labview, etc. The
Examples directory contains example programs for several popular programming
languages or applications: some of these examples are fairly simple, but the C console
mode example, adc10con.c, shows how to use all facilities in the driver.
The driver is capable of supporting up to three parallel port units (one each on LPT1,
LPT2 and LPT3), and up to four Pico USB parallel port units. The units can be any
mixture of ADC-10, ADC-12, ADC-40 and ADC-42.
The following table specifies the function of each of the routines in the Windows
drivers:
Routine
Function
adc10_get_driver_version
adc10_open_unit
adc10_set_unit
adc10_close_unit
adc10_get_value
adc10_get_value_and_time
adc10_set_trigger
adc10_set_interval
Check that this is the correct driver
Open the driver to use a specified parallel port
Select which ADC-10 unit to use
Close the specified printer port
a single reading
a single reading and the time
Set a trigger event
the time interval for the next call to adc10_get_values,
or adc10_get_times_and_values
adc10_is_streaming
Check whether the device supports streaming (USB
only)
adc10_run
Start the unit recording
adc10_ready
Check whether the data recording is completed
adc10_stop
Abort data collection
adc10_get_values
a block of readings at fixed intervals
adc10_get_times_and_values Get a block of readings and their times, at fixed
intervals
adc10_get_unit_info
Get information about an ADC10 unit
The driver offers the following facilities:
specify the printer port or USB parallel port that is connected to the ADC
take a single reading
specify a trigger event (only available in block mode)
collect a block of samples at fixed time intervals
adc1042.en-2
Copyright © 1995-2007 Pico Technology. All rights reserved.
Driver Formats & Routines
9
You can specify a sampling interval from 50 µs to a second. If you specify an interval
that is shorter than your computer can manage, the driver will tell you how long it will
actually take to collect the specified number of samples.
Under Windows, if you connect the product to the computer via a Pico USB parallel
port, timing is completely reliable. However, if you connect the product to the
computer via the printer port, the sampling may be affected by Windows activities. At
the least, there will be gaps in the data every 55 milliseconds due to the Windows
timer function. There will be additional gaps if you move the mouse, or have other
programs running. We therefore recommend using the
adc10_get_times_and_values routine, so that you can determine the exact time
that each reading was taken.
The normal calling sequence to collect a block of data is as follows:
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
10.
11.
12.
Check that the driver version is correct
Open the driver
Set trigger mode (if required)
Set sampling mode (channels and time per sample)
While you want to take measurements,
Run
While not ready
Wait
End while
Get a block of data
End while
Close the driver
4.1
Driver Formats
4.1.1
Windows XP/Vista
The Windows NT parallel port driver, PICO.SYS, is installed in Windows. The operating
system must be told that the driver is available: this is normally done automatically
by the setup program, but can also be done manually using the the regdrive.exe
program which is copied into the PICO directory.
Type in:
regdrive pico
The Windows USB port driver, PICOPP.SYS, is installed in Examples. The file
picopp.inf, must be placed in so that Windows knows which driver to load when the
USB parallel port is plugged in.
The Windows 32-bit driver is accessed using the file ADC1032.DLL, and is installed in
Examples. The DLL uses STDCALL linkage conventions, and undecorated names. The
same ADC1032.dll file can be used in all 32-bit versions of Windows, for both parallel
port and USB port connected products.
4.1.2
Linux
The ADC-10/12/40/42 are supported under Linux using the picopar parallel port
driver kit. The tar file picopar.tar, available from the Pico web site, contains source
code for the driver and example programs, together with full instructions to compile,
install and run the software.
Copyright © 1995-2007 Pico Technology. All rights reserved.
adc1042.en-2
10
ADC-10,12,40,42 User's Guide
The Linux parallel port driver kit supports only units connected direct to the parallel
port: it does not support USB-connected devices.
adc1042.en-2
Copyright © 1995-2007 Pico Technology. All rights reserved.
Driver Formats & Routines
4.2
Procedures
4.2.1
adc10_get_driver_version
11
short adc10_get_driver_version (void)
This routine returns the version number of the ADC-10 driver. You can use it to check
that your application is used only with the driver version that it was designed for use
with.
Generally speaking, new driver versions will be fully backward compatible with earlier
versions, though the converse is not always true, so it should be safe to check that
the driver version is greater than or equal to the version that it was designed for use
with.
The version is a two-byte value, of which the upper byte is the major version and the
lower byte is the minor version.
4.2.2
adc10_open_unit
short adc10_open_unit
(
short port,
short product
)
This routine opens the ADC-10 driver.
If possible, it checks the BIOS printer address table and gets the address of the
specified printer port. If not, it assumes that the printer ports 1..3 are at 0x378,
0x278 and 0x3BC.
It then calibrates the timing functions for the computer. It returns TRUE if successful.
If it is not successful, you can call adc10_get_unit_info to find out why it failed.
Arguments
4.2.3
port
The number of the parallel port or USB port that the ADC-10 is
connected to:
1 - LPT1
2 - LPT2 etc
101 - USB-PP1
102 - USB-PP2 etc
product
This
10 12 40 42 -
identifies the type of product that you wish to use:
ADC-10
ADC-12
ADC-40
ADC-42
adc10_close_unit
short adc10_close_unit
(
short port
)
Copyright © 1995-2007 Pico Technology. All rights reserved.
adc1042.en-2
12
ADC-10,12,40,42 User's Guide
This routine closes the ADC-10 driver.
Arguments
port The number of the parallel or USB port
4.2.4
adc10_set_unit
short adc10_set_unit
(
short port
)
This routine is used to select the unit to use for subsequent operations. It is only
necessary to use this function if you wish to have more than one unit open at the
same time.
4.2.5
adc10_get_value
short adc10_get_value (void)
This routine reads the current value of one channel. Depending on your computer, it
will take approx 100 µs to take one reading.
See also adc10_get_value_and_time, which reports the exact time at which the
reading was taken.
4.2.6
adc10_get_value_and_time
void adc10_get_value_and_time
(
unsigned long * sample_time,
short
* value
)
This routine reads the current value from the currently selected ADC-10, and the time
in microticks at which the reading was taken. Depending on your computer, it will
take approx 100 µs to take one reading.
sample_time is the time in microticks for the reading. There are 232 microticks per
hour or 1,193,046 per second. The sample time therefore wraps around once an hour.
Value is scaled in ADC counts.
adc1042.en-2
Copyright © 1995-2007 Pico Technology. All rights reserved.
Driver Formats & Routines
4.2.7
13
adc10_set_trigger
void adc10_set_trigger
(
unsigned short enabled,
unsigned short auto_trigger,
unsigned short auto_ms,
unsigned short dir,
unsigned short threshold,
short
delay
)
This routine defines a trigger event for the next block operation, and specifies the
delay between the trigger event and the start of collecting the data block. Note that
the delay can be negative for pre-trigger.
Arguments
enabled immediately
this is TRUE if the ADC-10 is to wait for a trigger event,
and FALSE if the ADC-10 is to start collecting data
auto_trigger
this is TRUE if the ADC-10 is to trigger after a specified
time (even if no trigger event occurs). This prevents the
computer from locking up, if no trigger event occurs.
auto_ms
specifies the time in ms after which auto_trigger will
occur.
dir
the direction can be rising or falling: rising = 0, falling =
1
threshold
this is the threshold at which a trigger event on channel A
or B takes place. It is scaled in ADC counts.
delay
This specifies the delay, as a percentage of the block size,
between the trigger event and the start of the block.
Thus, 0% means the first data value in the block, and
-50% means that the trigger event is in the middle of the
block.
Copyright © 1995-2007 Pico Technology. All rights reserved.
adc1042.en-2
14
4.2.8
ADC-10,12,40,42 User's Guide
adc10_set_interval
unsigned long adc10_set_interval
(
unsigned long us_for_block,
unsigned long ideal_no_of_samples
)
This routine specifies the time interval per sample and the channels to be used for
calls to adc10_get_values or adc10_get_times_and_values.
Arguments
us_for_block
target total time in which to collect ideal_no_of samples,
in micro seconds.
ideal_no_of_samples specifies the number of samples that you intend to collect.
This number is only used for timing calculations: you can
actually collect a different number of samples when you call
adc10_get_values.
An example of a call to this routine to set for 100 readings in 10000 µs is:
actual = adc10_set_interval (10000, 100);
The routine returns the actual time to collect this number of samples. This actual time
may be greater than the target time if you specified a sampling interval that is faster
than your computer can manage. If the specified sampling rate was too fast, you have
the following choices:
If the total time is important, collect fewer than the ideal number of samples so
that the total block time is correct.
If the number of samples is important, collect the same number of samples then
allow for the fact that they took longer to collect.
4.2.9
adc10_is_streaming
short adc10_is_streaming (void)
This routine can be used to determine whether the device is capable of supporting
streaming. If so, it will return TRUE (1). A streaming device collects data
asynchronously. USB devices generally support streaming, whereas parallel port
devices do not.
adc1042.en-2
Copyright © 1995-2007 Pico Technology. All rights reserved.
Driver Formats & Routines
15
4.2.10 adc10_run
void adc10_run
(
unsigned long no_of_values,
unsigned short method
)
This routine starts a streaming unit collecting data It collects readings at intervals
and from channels specified in the most recent adc10_set_interval call. For
non-streaming devices, this function has no effect.
Arguments
no_of_values the number of samples to collect
method
the data collection method:
BM_SINGLE (0) - collect a single block and stop
BM_WINDOW (1) - collect a sequence of overlapping blocks
BM_STREAM (2) - collect a continuous stream of data
4.2.11 adc10_ready
short adc10_ready (void)
This routine indicates whether a streaming device has completed its data collection. It
returns TRUE if the device is ready to transfer data. For non-streaming devices, it
always return TRUE.
4.2.12 adc10_stop
void adc10_stop (void)
This function cancels any pending request for data from a streaming device. It has no
effect for non-streaming devices.
4.2.13 adc10_get_values
unsigned long adc10_get_values
(
unsigned short HUGE * values,
unsigned long
no_of_values
)
This routine reads in a block of values. It collects readings at intervals and from
channels specified in the most recent adc10_set_interval call.
For streaming devices, you should not call this routine until adc10_ready returns
TRUE.
Copyright © 1995-2007 Pico Technology. All rights reserved.
adc1042.en-2
16
ADC-10,12,40,42 User's Guide
For non-streaming devices, if F9 or F10 is pressed while collecting, the routine will
return immediately.
In BM_SINGLE and BM_WINDOW modes, the return value will be zero if a key was
pressed, and the total time in microseconds if a block was successfully collected.
In BM_STREAM mode, the return value will be the number of new readings placed in
the values buffer.
4.2.14 adc10_get_times_and_values
unsigned long adc10_get_times_and_values
(
long HUGE
* times,
unsigned short HUGE * values,
unsigned long
no_of_values
)
This routine reads a block of values from the unit in the most recent
adc10_open_unit or adc10_set_unit call. It takes readings at nominal intervals
specified in the most recent adc10_set_interval call, and returns the actual times
for each reading.
For streaming devices, you should not call this routine until adc10_ready returns
TRUE.
For non-streaming devices, if the F9 or F10 key is pressed while collecting, the routine
will return immediately.
In BM_SINGLE and BM_WINDOW modes, the return value will be zero if a key was
pressed, and the total time in microseconds if a block was successfully collected.
In BM_STREAM mode, the return value will be the number of new readings placed in
the values buffer.
4.2.15 adc10_get_unit_info
short adc10_get_unit_info
(
char * str,
short
str_lth,
short
line,
short
port
)
If the specified unit failed to open, this routine returns a text string which explains
why the unit was not opened.
If the specified unit is open, the routine returns version information about the ADC-10
DLL, the Windows driver and the sampling rate.
Arguments
str
adc1042.en-2
character string buffer for result
Copyright © 1995-2007 Pico Technology. All rights reserved.
Driver Formats & Routines
17
str_lth length of buffer
line
0 to 3: selects which line to return
port
the printer port number (1..3) to return information for
4.2.16 adc10_labview_single
unsigned short adc10_labview_single
(
float
* result,
unsigned short
port,
unsigned short
type
)
This function is provided for LabVIEW programmers. It returns a single conversion
result.
Arguments
result
returns the result
port
the port number that the ADC-10, -12, -40 or -42 is connected to
type
the variant of the converter:
10: ADC-10
12: ADC-12
40: ADC-40
42: ADC-42
Copyright © 1995-2007 Pico Technology. All rights reserved.
adc1042.en-2
18
ADC-10,12,40,42 User's Guide
5
Programming Support
5.1
C
Windows
There are two C example programs: one is a very simple GUI application, and the
other is a more comprehensive console mode program that demonstrates all of the
facilities of the driver.
The GUI example program is a generic windows application- ie it does not use Borland
AppExpert or Microsoft AppWizard. To compile the program, create a new project for a
Windows Application containing the following files:
either
or
adc10tes.c
adc10tes.rc
adc1032.lib (Borland 32-bit applications)
adc10ms.lib (Microsoft Visual C 32-bit applications)
The following files must be in the same directory:
adc10tes.rch
adc10w.h
adc1032.dll (All 32-bit applications)
The console example program is a generic windows application- ie it does not use
Borland AppExpert or Microsoft AppWizard. To compile the program, create a new
project for a Console Application containing the following files:
either
or
adc10con.c
adc1032.lib (Borland 32-bit applications)
adc10ms.lib (Microsoft Visual C 32-bit applications)
The following files must be in the same directory:
adc10w.h
adc1032.dll (All 32-bit applications)
C++
C++ programs can access all versions of the driver. If adc10w.h is included in a C++
program, the PREF1 macro expands to extern "C": this disables name-mangling (or
decoration, as Microsoft call it), and enables C++ routines to make calls to the driver
routines using C headers.
5.2
Delphi
The Delphi programming example requires the following files:
adc10.dpr
adc10.inc
adc10fm.dfm
adc10fm.pas
adc1042.en-2
Copyright © 1995-2007 Pico Technology. All rights reserved.
Programming Support
5.3
19
Excel
The easiest way to get data into Excel is to use the PicoLog for Windows program.
However, you can also write an Excel macro which calls adc10xx.dll to read in a set
of data values. The Excel Macro language is similar to Visual Basic.
The example ADC10xx.XLS reads in 20 values from channels 1 and 2, one per
second, and assigns them to cells A1..B20.
Note: it is usually necessary to copy the .DLL file to your directory.
5.4
Visual Basic
Version 4 and 5 (32 bits)
The Examples subdirectory contains the following files:
ADC1032.VBP
ADC1032.BAS
ADC1032.FRM
5.5
LabVIEW
The routines described here were tested using LabVIEW for Windows 95 version 4.0.
While it is possible to access all of the driver routines described earlier, it is easier to
use the special Labview access routines if only single readings are required. The
adc10.llb library in the Examples sub-directory shows how to access these
routines.
To use these routines, copy adc10.llb and adc1032.dll to your LabVIEW
user.lib directory. You will then find four sub-vis to access the ADC-10, ADC-12
ADC-40 and ADC-42, and some example sub-vis which demonstrate how to use them.
You can use one of these sub-vis for converter that you wish to use. The sub-vi
accepts the port (1 for LPT1) and returns a voltage.
5.6
Agilent-VEE
The example routine adc10.vee is in the Examples subdirectory. This example uses
the driver definitions in adc10.vh. It was tested using Agilent-VEE version 5 under
Windows 95.
The example shows how to collect a block of data from the ADC-10. It would be
necessary to alter the scaling for use with the ADC-12, ADC-40 or ADC-42.
Copyright © 1995-2007 Pico Technology. All rights reserved.
adc1042.en-2
20
ADC-10,12,40,42 User's Guide
Index
C
C 18
Connecting to the PC
Contents 1
3
D
Delphi 18
Drivers 8
E
Excel
19
H
HP-Vee
19
I
Introduction
2
L
LabVIEW 19
Legal information
Linux 9
4
P
picopar
9
S
Safety warning 5
Scaling 7
Specification 6
Streaming 6
T
Technical information
7
V
Visual Basic
19
W
Windows
adc1042.en-2
9
Copyright © 1995-2007 Pico Technology. All rights reserved.
21
Copyright © 1995-2007 Pico Technology. All rights reserved.
adc1042.en-2
Pico Technology Ltd
The Mill House
Cambridge Street
St Neots PE19 1QB
United Kingdom
Tel: +44 (0) 1480 396 395
Fax: +44 (0) 1480 396 296
Web: www.picotech.com
adc1042.en-2 18.6.07
Copyright © 1995-2007 Pico Technology. All rights reserved.
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