Eagle | EG6158K | User`s manual | Eagle EG6158K User`s manual

Eagle EG6158K User`s manual
Operation Manual for Shuttle Personnel Carrier
Thanks for buy our product. For your better use, please read through this manual before operate this vehicle to
avoid any possible damage due to improper operation; and keep it in a proper way after reading for future
reference.
Important Information:
Particularly important information is distinguished by the following notations:
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Waarrnniinngg::
Fail to follow Warning instructions could result in severe injury or death to the vehicle occupants, bystanders or
persons inspecting or repairing the vehicle.
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Caauuttiioonn!!
Fail to follow Caution instructions could cause damage to the vehicle.
Special Notice:
Because the seat & backrest wrapping film may stick to the seat vinyl and cause seat
vinyl fading or stained, please remove the seat & backrest wrapping film when you start to
use the vehicle!
If you have to stock the vehicle for long time, please also remove the seat & backrest
wrapping film.
Index
1. Brief Introduction .............................................................................................................................................. 1
2. Technical Description........................................................................................................................................ 1
3. Important Labels............................................................................................................................................... 1
4. Operation System............................................................................................................................................. 3
5. Operational Process ......................................................................................................................................... 5
5.1 Start the vehicle....................................................................................................................................... 5
5.2 Stop the Vehicle ...................................................................................................................................... 5
5.3 Charge the batteries................................................................................................................................ 5
6. Rules for Safe Operation.................................................................................................................................. 6
7. Maintenance .................................................................................................................................................. 7
7.1 Maintenance of Battery: .......................................................................................................................... 7
7.2 Maintenance of the Gear Box: .............................................................................................................. 11
7.3 Maintenance of the Traction Motor ....................................................................................................... 11
7.4 Maintenance of the Speed Controller ................................................................................................... 12
7.5 Maintenance of Brake System .............................................................................................................. 13
7.6 Lubrication of the Whole Vehicle........................................................................................................... 13
7.7 Running-in of New Vehicle:................................................................................................................... 14
8. Storage ........................................................................................................................................................... 16
9. Trouble Shooting ............................................................................................................................................ 16
10. Wiring Diagram............................................................................................................................................. 19
1. Brief Introduction
Our electric shuttle personnel carrier is a kind of environment-friendly passenger vehicle. It can be used in
vacationland, villa areas, garden-style hotels, tourist scenic spots, etc.. Our electric shuttle personnel carrier is
an ideal off-road electric vehicle with excellent performance, fashionable design, luxurious and delicate internal
decoration as well as comfortable and safe ride.
2. Technical Description
Personnel Carrier
Description
Vehicle Type
Dimensions(mm) (LxWxH)
EG6088K
EG6118KA
EG6118KB
EG6158K
4270X1490X2050
4270X1490X2050
5020X1490X2100
5020X1490X2100
70
/
/
35
60
/
/
/
/
80
100
/
/
75
90
/
Range(km/h)
(smooth and straight
road, 20km/h, full load)
8x6V
12x6V
16x6V
48V/3KW
Maximum Speed(km/h)
48V/5KW
40
40
40
40
72V/5KW
/
/
45
45
Minimum Turning Radius(m)
4.5
4.5
6
6
Maximum Gradeability
20%
20%
20%
20%
Noise(Db)
60
60
60
60
Front
1210
1210
1210
1210
Rear
1200
1200
1200
1200
Brake Distance(V=20Km/h)
4
4
4
4
Min. ground clearance (mm)
140
140
135
135
Parking Ability
20%
20%
20%
20%
Tread(mm)
3. Important Labels
Safety and Instruction Labels
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Please read the following labels carefully before operating the vehicle, and promptly replace any labels which
become unreadable or removed.
Label Position
-1
Label Content
-2
4. Operation System
1) Schematic Figure of Operation System
2) Functions of Operating System
Power Key —— Control the power supply of the whole vehicle. When the key being inserted into it and turned
clockwise, it will switch on lights, horn and the control system; when the key being turned back, the power will
be switched off.
Acceleration Pedal —— Control the speed. It should be stepped down slowly. The vehicle speeds up with the
gradual stepping-down, and reaches the full speed when the pedal is stepped to the bottom. The vehicle slows
down when the pedal being released gradually. When the pedal is fully released, electric brake works.
Service Brake pedal —— Decelerate the vehicle.
Clutch Pedal —— Control the clutch. When driving, do not ride the clutch, otherwise, it will damage the clutch.
Handbrake Lever —— Park and brake the vehicle.
Steering wheel —— Control the driving direction
Amperemeter —— Indicate the current of the working vehicle. And on the British one, there is also a hour
meter on the bottom.
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Voltameter—— Indicate the voltage of battery. On Metric Standard Meter, it ranges from 20V to 60V (for 48V
system) and 30V to 96V (for 72V system) from left to right, including 3 sections highlighted by Red, Yellow and
Green. Green section represents the battery is full in capacity. With the consumption of the power, the indicator
will fall from the right to the left gradually. When the indicator comes to the intersection point of the yellow
section and the red section, it represents that the battery will come to the end in capacity, now the battery
should be re-charged. When the indicator comes to the red section, the vehicle is prohibited to use, the battery
should be recharged immediately. On British Standard Meter, except to use Voltage to judge if the battery need
to be charged, the battery power meter on the bottom is also be used as battery power indicator. There are 10
divisions in this meter (from 1 to 10). This meter will descend from higher division to low ones as the battery
discharges. When the battery is too low, the red indicator light will flash, reminding you to recharge the battery.
Speedometer & Odometer —— Indicate the speed of the vehicle is running and the accumulated distance
the vehicle has run. Both Metric and British ones are available.
Light Switch ——- Control light system, including turning signal, headlight (includes high beam and lower
beam).
Wiper & Horn Switch —— Control the wiper and horn.
Emergency Light Switch —— Control the emergency light.
Fog light Switch —— Control the fog light.
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Gearshift —— There is totally 5 positions. Forward shift includes 1, 2, 3 and 4.
Reverse shift is R. It is recommended to use 1 for climbing, use 2, 3 and 4 for
flat road.
5. Operational Process
5.1 Start the vehicle
1) Switch on the power key;
2) Step the clutch pedal to the bottom, select 1st position if go forward and R position if go backward. If go
forward, after start the vehicle, change to right shift and make sure to use right speed when driving.
Selection standard is to make sure that the working current of motor stays as small as possible as long as
this current is enough for driving.
3) Release the parking handbrake lever.
4) Release the clutch pedal slowly.
5) Step down the acceleration pedal smoothly; in this case, the vehicle starts running.
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If you step the acceleration pedal before switching on the power key, the vehicle will not run. In this case, you
should release the acceleration pedal first, and step it again, thus the vehicle will start running.
5.2 Stop the Vehicle
1) Step the service brake pedal to decelerate the vehicle until it stops completely and shift the gear to Null
position;
2) Engage the handbrake lever to park the vehicle;
3) Release the service brake;
4) Switch off all lights;
5) Switch off the power key and take out the key.
5.3 Charge the batteries
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Caauuttiioonn!!
1) We have two different kinds of charger for you to choose, one is exterior charger and the other is build-in
(on-body) charger. Before you use the charger, please read the charger operation manual which attached with
the charger.
2) Explosive hydrogen gas is produced while battery is charged. Only charge the battery in well-ventilated
areas.
3) Before using the charger, please check if the battery charger you are getting to use is correctly rated as per
your local AC electricity network.
5) Do not disconnect the DC output cord from the battery receptacle when the charger is ON, otherwise an arc
could occur which may cause an explosion.
7) It is prohibited to open the housing of the charger.
8) Only qualified electrician is allowed to open the housing of the charger.
9) The charger should be stored in safe and dry room with good ventilation.
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10) The charger should be packed properly if not used for long time.
Below is the charging procedure:
·Turn Off The Power Of The Whole Vehicle
1) When it’s non-onboard charger, one set of batteries, the process is as follows:
a) Connect charger to DC receptacle on the vehicle;
b) Connect the charger to AC power;
c) Turn on the charger
d) Turn off the charger when the batteries are fully charged, disconnect the charger from AC power first, then
disconnect the charger with AC receptacle;
2) When it’s non-onboard charger, two sets of batteries, the process is as follows:
a) Disconnect the two DC receptacles under the driver’s seat, refer to left picture;
b) Connect the chargers to the DC receptacles, one charger to one receptacles;
c) Connect the chargers to AC power;
d) Turn on the chargers;
e) Turn off the chargers when the batteries are fully charged, disconnect the chargers with AC power first,
then disconnect the chargers with DC receptacles;
f) Connect the two DC receptacles under the driver’s seat.
3) When it’s onboard (build-in) charger(s), no matter there is one set or two sets of batteries, the process is as
follows:
a) Connect the charger(s) with AC power;
b) Turn on the charger(s);
c) Turn off the charger(s) when the batteries are fully charged, disconnect the charger(s) with AC power;
6. Rules for Safe Operation
The driver should have a good knowledge of the operation system of the vehicle and its features; meanwhile
follow the rules for safe operation.
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l
Drive the vehicle off road unless it is allowed.
l
The vehicle cannot be over-loaded, otherwise the motor will be damaged, the vehicle will lose control
and its life will be shortened.
l
Unqualified persons are prohibited to drive the vehicle.
l
Make sure this vehicle runs in its rated climbing ability.
l
Don’t overtake other vehicles at crossroad, in blind area or in other dangerous zone.
WHILE OPERATING THE VEHICLE
l
Keep your entire body inside the vehicle, keep seated and holding on while the vehicle is moving.
l
Do not start the vehicle until all occupants are securely seated.
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l
Keep your hands on the steering wheel and your eyes on the path you are going.
l
Always back the vehicle slowly and watch the back carefully.
l
Avoid starting and stopping suddenly.
l
Avoid turning the vehicle too sharply at high speed.
l
Always drive slowly up and down on the slope.
l
l
Do not make any modification or addition which may affect the capacity or safety.
Children are not allowed to play in the vehicle. Children should be seated between adults and protected
while the vehicle is moving.
7. Maintenance
Users should do maintenance as follows, which will decide the performance of the vehicle and life:
7.1 Maintenance of Battery:
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Battery electrolyte is poisonous and dangerous, may cause severe burns, injury, etc.. Always wear
protective clothing, gloves, and goggles when handling batteries, electrolyte, and charging your
battery.
KEEP IT OUT OF REACH OF CHILDREN.
1) Cleaning
a. The exterior of the battery, the connection wires and bolts should always be kept clean and dry. When
cleaning, please make sure all vent caps are tightly in place. Clean the battery top with a cloth or brush
and solution of baking soda and water. When cleaning, do not allow any cleaning solution, or other
foreign matter to get inside the battery. This should be done every week.
b. Clean battery terminals and the inside of cable clamps using a post and clamp cleaner. Clean
terminals will have a bright metallic shine. This should be done when it is necessary.
c. Reconnect the clamps to the terminals and thinly coat them with petroleum jelly (Vaseline) to prevent
corrosion.
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Waarrnniinngg::
Before you disconnect any battery cable from any terminal on the battery, please always remove the power by
disconnecting the main battery cable from the controller.
2) Checking the terminals and nuts
The connection of the battery should always be kept in good condition. Please check every week on whether
any battery cable terminal or nut has become loose in order to prevent any sparkle or damage to terminals.
Please check every week on whether any battery cable is damaged or not, the damaged battery cable should
be replaced immediately.
3) No foreign matter
Do not place any objects on the battery and do not connect the positive pole to the negative pole. This may
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cause a short circuit, dangerous spark or may cause damage to the battery or injury to your body.
4) Recharging
a. As long as you use the vehicle, regardless of how long you have used it, the battery shall be recharged
fully on the same day. Any delay on the re-charging will cause negative effect on the battery.
Notes: the lead-acid battery does not develop a memory, so need not be fully discharged before
recharging.
b. If the vehicle is going to be kept unused for a certain long time, the battery shall be fully recharged first.
After that, the battery shall be fully recharged every 2 weeks.
c. When driving, the driver shall be always aware of the drop level of the battery power from the battery
power meter, any drop means the battery power is diminishing. Besides, the driver shall estimate the
distance needed to be taken, and recharge the battery at a proper time in case that the vehicle cannot
get back to the recharging station in time for recharging.
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Please make sure the battery is recharged before the battery power meter shows 20% power is left
inside the battery. Over-discharged battery will have a very short service life and will make the recharging
very difficult.
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During recharging, the vehicle shall be parked in a well-ventilated area with the fill caps tightly secured.
Keep far away from any flame and sparks to avoid any explosion or fire that could cause physical injury
or damage to the property.
5) WATERING
Flooded batteries need water. More importantly, watering must be done at the right time and in the right
amount or else the battery's performance and longevity suffers.
Water should always be added after fully charging the battery. Prior to charging, there should be enough
water to cover the plates. If the battery has been discharged partially or fully, the water level should also be
above the plates. Keeping the water at the correct level after a full charge will prevent having to worry about
the water level at a different state of charge.
Depending on the local climate, charging methods, application, etc.. It’s recommended that batteries be
checked once a month until you get a feel for how thirsty your batteries are.
Important things to remember:
1. Do not let the plates get exposed to air. This will damage (corrode) the plates.
2. Do not fill the water level in the filling well to the cap. This most likely will cause the battery to overflow
acid, consequently losing capacity and causing a corrosive mess.
3. Do not use water with a high mineral content. Use distilled or deionized water only.
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Waarrnniinngg:: The electrolyte is a solution of acid and water so skin contact should be avoided.
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Step by step watering procedure:
1. Open the vent caps and look inside the fill wells.
2. Check electrolyte level; the minimum level is at the top of the plates.
3. If necessary add just enough water to cover the plates at this time.
4. Put batteries on a complete charge before adding any additional water (refer to the Charging section).
5. Once charging is completed, open the vent caps and look inside the fill wells.
6. Add water until the electrolyte level is 1/8" below the bottom of the fill well.
7. A piece of rubber can be used safely as a dipstick to help determine this level.
8. Clean, replace, and tighten all vent caps.
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Caauuttiioonn!! Never add acid to a battery.
6) TESTING
Visual inspection alone is not sufficient to determine the overall health of the battery. Both open-circuit
voltage and specific gravity readings can give a good indication of the battery's charge level, age, and health.
Routine voltage and gravity checks will not only show the state of charge but also help spot signs of improper
vehicle, such as undercharging and over-watering, and possibly even locate a bad or weak battery. The
following steps outline how to properly perform routine voltage and specific gravity testing on batteries.
I. Specific Gravity Test (Flooded batteries only)
1. Do not add water at this time.
2. Fill and drain the hydrometer 2 to 4 times before pulling out a sample.
3. There should be enough sample electrolyte in the hydrometer to completely support the float.
4. Take a reading, record it, and return the electrolyte back to the cell.
5. To check another cell, repeat the 3 steps above.
6. Check all cells in the battery.
7. Replace the vent caps and wipe off any electrolyte that might have been spilled.
8. Correct the readings to 80o F:
Add .004 to readings for every 10o above 80o F
Subtract .004 for every 10o below 80o F.
9. Compare the readings.
10. Check the state of charge using Table 1.
The readings should be at or above the factory specification of 1.277 +/- .007. If any specific gravity readings
register low, then follow the steps below.
1. Check and record voltage level(s).
2. Put battery(s) on a complete charge.
3. Take specific gravity readings again.
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If any specific gravity readings still register low then follow the steps below.
1. Check voltage level(s).
2. Perform equalization charge. Refer to the Equalizing section for the proper procedure.
3. Take specific gravity readings again.
If any specific gravity reading still registers lower than the factory specification of 1.277+/- .007 then one or
more of the following conditions may exist:
1. The battery is old and approaching the end of its life.
2. The battery was left in a state of discharge too long.
3. Electrolyte was lost due to spillage or overflow.
4. A weak or bad cell is developing.
5. Battery was watered excessively previous to testing.
Batteries in conditions 1 - 4 should be taken to a specialist for further evaluation or retired from service.
II. Open-Circuit Voltage Test
For accurate voltage readings, batteries must remain idle (no charging, no discharging) for at least 6 hrs,
preferably 24 hrs.
1. Disconnect all loads from the batteries.
2. Measure the voltage using a DC voltmeter.
3. Check the state of charge with Table 1.
4. Charge the battery if it registers 0% to 70% charged.
If battery registers below the Table 1 values, the following conditions may exist:
1. The battery was left in a state of discharge too long.
2. The battery has a bad cell.
Batteries in these conditions should be taken to a specialist for further evaluation or retired from service.
TABLE 1. State of charge as related to specific gravity and
open circuit voltage
Open-Circuit Voltage
Percentage of
Charge
Specific
Gravity
Corrected to
80o F
6V
8V
12V
24V
36V
48V
100
1.277
6.37
8.49
12.73
25.46
38.20
50.93
90
1.258
6.31
8.41
12.62
25.24
37.85
50.47
80
1.238
6.25
8.33
12.50
25.00
37.49
49.99
70
1.217
6.19
8.25
12.37
24.74
37.12
49.49
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60
1.195
6.12
8.16
12.24
24.48
36.72
48.96
50
1.172
6.05
8.07
12.10
24.20
36.31
48.41
40
1.148
5.98
7.97
11.96
23.92
35.87
47.83
30
1.124
5.91
7.88
11.81
23.63
35.44
47.26
20
1.098
5.83
7.77
11.66
23.32
34.97
46.63
10
1.073
5.75
7.67
11.51
23.02
34.52
46.03
7) Battery installation
Tighten the battery cables to battery terminals with torque of 95-105lbs.inch or 10.7-11.9 N.M. Make sure there
is nothing else between the battery cable lug and battery terminal post.
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Waarrnniinngg::
When working with the battery, DO NOT put wrenches or any other metal objects across the battery
terminals, otherwise, an arc can occur, and it may cause explosion of the battery and physical injury.
Battery is installed or replaced only by the qualified electrician.
7.2 Maintenance of the Gear Box:
① The clearance for the clutch should be kept between 2-3mm.
② The friction plate should be changed periodically; the friction value on one side should not exceed 2mm.
③ Adjust the flatness of the platen spring plate (feeling manually): first tighten the screws diagonally, use your
hand to check the flatness of the spring plate. If not flat, tighten the screws for the non-flat part.
④ Change the gear oil inside the gear box periodically (for new vehicle, change the oil after one month or
accumulated running distance exceed 1200kms; change the oil again two months later, then change the oil
every half a year) The oil type is 85W/90GL.
⑤ Clean the gear box before changing the oil.
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Caauuttiioonn!!
Never mix different oils.
7.3 Maintenance of the Traction Motor
① This traction motor is designed to use at the sea level not beyond 1200 meters and in a temperature
between -25℃ and 40℃.
② This motor can work properly with a voltage produced by battery in series.
③ Never keep the motor running idly.
④ No explosive gas shall exist in the air.
⑤ Any mud, sand and other clinging objects shall often be cleaned away so as to provide good heat-radiation.
⑥ Check the carbon brush every three months, change the worn carbon brush and weaken carbon brush
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press spring.
Trouble-Shooting for Motor:
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Waarrnniinngg::
Only Qualified Electrician Can Change and Adjust The carbon Brush and Commutator.
Item
Symptoms
Possible Causes
1
All copper plates turn black.
The pressure of brush is incorrect.
2
The commutator turns black
Short circuit in the commutator or armature coil; poor
in a certain order and in
welding or disconnection between the commutators
groups.
and the armature coil.
The commutator turns black
The central line of the commutator deviates or its
in disorder.
surface is not round and not smooth.
The brush wears out, turns
The motor vibrates; the clearance between the brush
colors and become broken.
and its holder is too big; the clearance between the
3
4
brush and commutators is too big; the mica between
different commutators extrudes; the brush is made by
wrong materials; the brush is wrong in type.
5
Big sparkles
The motor is over-loaded; the commutators are not
clean, not round or not smooth; mica or some
commutators extrude; the brush is not ground
properly; the brush is big in pressure; the brush is
wrong in type; the brush is jammed in the brush
holder; the brush holder become loose or vibrating;
the polarity and sequence of magnetic poles become
wrong.
6
7
The brush and its wires get
Big sparkles of the brush; poor contact between brush
hot.
and soft wires; small section area of soft wires.
The brush is noisy
The surface of the commutators is not smooth.
7.4 Maintenance of the Speed Controller
The speed controller of the vehicle is wholly imported, which adopts high frequency MOS technology to realize
the control of speed, torque and brake with smoothness, silence, high efficiency and energy-save.
·Prevent the vehicle runs way when starts. When the vehicle starts, the controller will inspect signal from the
accelerator, if signal exceeds 20%, the HPD (protection unit in the controller) will prohibit the output of
controller.
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·When the vehicle starts, the SRO (protection unit in the controller) will effect.
The controller will self-check when the vehicle is running. If any defect inspected, the controller will stop the
vehicle to protect the operator and the vehicle.
① Periodical Maintenance:
a. Check if the contact between contacting points of the contactor is in good condition, check if any contact
sticks or is jammed mechanically.
b. Check if the micro switch in the accelerator can be switched on and off properly.
c. Check if the switch for turn signal can be switched on and off properly.
c. Check if all the connections between the motor, the battery, and the controller are in good condition.
Please use the following cleaning procedure for routine maintenance:
1) Turn the power key to OFF position.
2) Remove power by disconnecting the battery.
3) Discharge the capacitors in the controller by connecting a load (such as a contactor coil or a horn) across
the controller’s B+ and B- terminals.
4) Remove any dirt or corrosion from the connector areas. The controller should be wiped clean with moist
rag. Dry it before reconnecting the battery. The controller should not be subjected to pressured water flow
from either a standard hose or a power washer.
5) Make sure the connections are tight, but do not over-tighten them.
NOTES: All above checks shall be performed under power off. Above checks shall be carried out once every 3
months; after the power key turns off, the wave-filter capacitor in the controller unit shall keep discharging for a
few minutes more; don’t wash the electrical parts with water. It is allowed to remove dust with a brush or
high–pressure air.
7.5 Maintenance of Brake System
① Step the brake pedal with a force of 30kg or so, the pedal travel shouldn’t exceed 2/3 of the full free pedal
travel.
② The clearance for the brake plate is self-adjusted. Under a force of around 20kgs, the parking brake handle
should be fixed in one gear from 5 to 10 ratchet. When the brake handle is released completely, the brake
function will stop.
③ Inspect and change brake shoe, add lubrication into the brake bearing periodically.
7.6 Lubrication of the Whole Vehicle
①
Use 901 vehicle brake oil DOT3 as brake oil;
②
Use 1L of 85W/90GL lubrication oil for gear box;
③
Use 1L of 90GL hypoid gear oil for the rear axle;
④
Lubrication points: a. steering gears; b. horizontal bars; c. steering ball joints; d. bearings;
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7.7 Running-in of New Vehicle:
In order to guarantee the performance of the vehicle and enhance its reliability and working lift, all parts in
motor should experience a certain period of running-in before the motor works with its maximum capacity, thus,
each new vehicle is required to give one month of running-in time, detail procedure as per the following:
① Check the levels of oil, water and liquids carefully before running-in and fill them as requested if insufficient.
The tire should meet 145R12 with the air pressure of 3.5kgf/cm 2.
② During running-in time, the speed should be limited as follows:
Current
Shift
1
2
3
4
EG6088
100A
50A
50A
55A
EG6118KA, EG6118KB
110A
55A
50A
65A
EG6158K
110A
60A
55A
70A
Model
③ If possible, try your best to avoid driving on poor conditions roads.
④ Check and tighten regularly the fixing parts of each connecting points.
Notes:
1) To avoid any damage on the brake shoe, handbrake should be released to its bottom before staring the
vehicle.
2) The lubricant for rear power assembly must be applied and changed as per user’s manual.
3) The brake system must be adjusted once every 3 months.
4) The electricity system must be checked once every 3 months (especially main circuit) for its fastening parts
and wiring connections. Meanwhile the contactor should be checked, any defective parts should be
replaced immediately. Its dust should be cleaned by low pressure air.
5) The electric contactors easily become hot if their mutual contact is not in good condition, so special
attention should be paid regularly to the electric contactors.
6) When changing the fuse, make sure that the new fuse is right in rated current.
7) For the sake of safety, disconnect the positive pole from the battery when maintenance is done.
8) Never step the accelerator hard and frequently, which may shorten the life of the controller.
9) It is prohibited to fill any other liquids (such as battery addictives, mineral water and tap water) into the
battery, ONLY the distilled water is allowed to fill in the battery.
10) Do not drive at high speed when going downhill; slow down the vehicle when turning; and remind the
passengers to hold on when turning and going downhill.
11) Children are not allowed to play in the vehicle; Children should be seated between adults and vehicleed by
adults when the vehicle is running.
12) Periodic Maintenance Charts
Regular maintenance is required for the best performance and safe operation of the vehicle.
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Make sure to turn off the power key and apply the park brake when you do the maintenance unless specified. If
the owner is not familiar with the maintenance of this vehicle, the dealer should do the work.
1D – per day 1W – per week
1M – per month 1Q – per quarter
1Y – per year
item
Descriptions
1D
1W
Battery
1. Check the liquid level. Please add the distilled water if
Y
necessary.
2. Charge the battery
Y
3. Tighten the nut on the battery cable
4. Check if the battery is over-discharged (the battery power
meter flashing)
5. Check the liquid density of the battery, standard density
should be 1.275±0.005 (25℃).
6. Check if the battery is charged fully by 3 ways: a) using the
hydrometer; b) checking the battery power meter;
Y
Y
Y
8. Observe the charging status, check if the charger plug
becomes hot.
Y
Y
10. Check if all terminals are tightened properly. Please do
this after the power is off.
Y
11. Clean the surface of the controller.
Y
12. Check if the solenoid is in order, checking its touching
point.
Motor
13. Check if any water gets in. Check if it becomes too hot.
Y
Y
14. Check if the carbon brush should be replaced.
Chassis
and body
1Y
Y
9. Clean the surface of the charger. Do not get any water
inside the charger.
Controller
1Q
Y
7. Clean the surface of battery
Charger
1M
Y
15. Check if the accelerator pedal works well and if it can be
released freely and automatically.
Y
16. Check if the brake drum and the brake shoe should be
replaced or not.
Y
17. Check if the hand brake functions.
Y
18. Check if the hose and tube for the brake liquid leaking.
Y
19. Check if the brake liquid inside the brake liquid tank is
enough.
Y
20. Check the air pressure inside the tire, check if the tire
surface is worn, check if the nuts are tightened properly.
Y
21. Check if the shock absorber has any oil leaking, flat or
abnormal noise.
22. Check if there is oil leaking on the gear box and the rear
end.
23. Add the lubricant inside the wheel hub, steering system.
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Y
Y
Y
24. Adjust the toe-in of the front end
Y
25. Clean the body and seat
Y
After above maintenance, drive the vehicle to check if the vehicle works properly.
8. Storage
Please follow the steps as below when the vehicle is stored.
1. Check the liquid level inside the battery; recharge it fully before storing the vehicle.
▼
▼W
Waarrnniinngg::
Please charge the battery once a month if your vehicle will be stored more than one month.
2. Turn the power key to OFF position, remove the key, and store the key in a safe position.
3. Engage the Handbrake.
4. Check the tire pressure to make sure its pressure is set to recommended pressure.
5. Clean the exterior of the vehicle and apply the rust inhibitor.
6. Cover the vehicle with a breathable cover and store it in a dry, safe and well-ventilated place.
7. If the vehicle is planned to store for a longer time, then please check the liquid level inside the battery once a
month, recharge the battery
9. Trouble Shooting
There is no settled mode to diagnose and eliminate the malfunction of electric vehicles. During maintaining
and checking, we suggest you first listen, then look and feel. Below is the diagnoses and maintenance of some
common malfunctions.
1) The vehicle doesn’t move. Turn on power key, step on the accelerator pedal, the vehicle doesn’t
move.
Malfunction
Turn on power key,
Voltameter has no signal
Possible reason
1.Connector(s) in Circuit is loose or open
Tighten or connect
2.Fuse of controller or main circuit is open
Change fuse
3.Battery cable(s) is loose or disconnected
Tighten or change
4.Power key is broken
Change
5.Volatmeter is broken
Change
6.Battery terminals connect improperly
Turn on power key,
Voltameter has signal.
Troubleshooting
Adjust
1.Improper operating procedure
Operate properly
2.Controller Failure
Check or Change
3.Solenoid Failure
Check, repair, change
4.Accelerator Failure
Repair or Change
5.Motor Failure
Repair or change
6.Parking brake doesn’t loosen
7.Over-heat protection
- 16
Loosen parking brake
Check, eliminate
2) Lose control when vehicle starts running: speed cannot be adjusted
Malfunction
Possible reason
1.Terminals of Solenoid stick together
Vehicle runs at full speed when it
just starts
Vehicle stops immediately after it
starts
Normal at low speed
Weak power at high speed
2.Controller failure
Troubleshooting
Check, repair
Change
3.Potentiometer failure
Repair, change
1. Internal short of Motor
Repair, change
2.Motor is assembled too tight or blocked
Repair, change
3.Controller failure
Repair, change
4.Accelerator Failure
Repair, change
1. Controller Failure
Check, change
2. Motor Failure
Check, change
3. Accelerator Failure
Check, change
3) Vehicle cannot change direction: vehicle can only run in the one direction
Malfunction
Possible reason
Vehicle can only run in
one direction
1. Gear box failure
2. Controller Failure
Troubleshooting
Change
Change
4) Possible reason and troubleshooting of the malfunction of electric vehicle mechanic system
System
Malfunction
Abnormal sound
when running
Transmission
System
Hard to shift gear,
and/or gear shift
jumps in different
positions
Steering System
Steering heavy
Possible reason
Troubleshooting
1.Clearance of rear axle decelerating
gear is too big, or the decelerating
gear is broken
Adjust, change
2.Transmission cross shaft wear out
3.Gear of transmission wear out or
damage
4. Flange bearing damage
5. Motor bearing damage
Change
Change
Change
Change
6.Gear liquid is deficient or empty
Add Gear liquid
1.Clutch cannot separate smoothly
Adjust
2.Gear shift tightwire damage
3.Gear inside transmission case
wear out
4.Orientation pin loosen
1. Pressure of front tire is deficient.
2. Screw plug of Redirector is too
tight
3.Lack of lube in redirector
4. Toe-in abnormal
- 17
Change
Change
Change
Check the pressure
and Inflate
Adjust
Maintain,add lube
Adjust
5.Clearance of tension rod ball is too
big
6. Steering knuckle and master pin is
not lubricating
7.Steering shaft or its plastic cover
wear out
1.Rack of redirector wear out
Steering unstable
(wheels flirt)
2.Screw plug of Redirector is too tight
3.Toe-in adjust improperly
4.Bearing of front wheel wear out
5.Tie rod ball and joint wear out
Deflected Running
Adjust
Adjust
Change
Change tie rod
Inflate
2.Toe-in is too big or too small
Adjust
3. Tightness of the left and right drum
bearing of front wheels is different
Adjust
Adjust or Change
5.Spring shock absorber is abnormal
Change
6.Front suspension loose
Change
Inflate or exchange
Adjust
3.Drum bearing loose
Change
4. U type Bolt of Leaf Spring loose
Tighten
5. Rim distort, frame distort
Tighten
6.Brake force of each wheel is
different
Adjust
7. Overexert accelerate or brake
frequently
1.Master cylinder and/or wheel
cylinder damage、vitta leak oil
2.Brake fluid is insufficient or empty
Brake fail
Change Redirector
1.The pressure of the two front tires
is different
2.Toe-in is improper
Brake System
Change
Tighten
1.Tire pressure is abnormal or left
and right tire doesn’t be exchanged
for a long time
Abnormal Tire Fray
Add Lube
6.Redirector loose
4.Brake of one wheel is too tight
Driving System
Change
Alter operation
Check, eliminate,
change
Add fluid
3.Air enters into oil pipe
Let air
4.Free travel of Brake pedal is too
long or the clearance of arrester is
too big
Adjust
5.Brake drum wears out or distort
Change
6.Master cylinder leaks oil internally
Change
- 18
Braking deviation
1.The clearance of left brake drum
shoe and right brake drum shoe is
different
Adjust
2.Oil on one arrester’s brake shoe
Dispose or change
3.tyre pressure is different
Repair or Change
4.One wheel cylinder’s piston blocks
Adjust
5.Wheel alignment improperly
Adjust
6.Brake drum becomes out of round
1.Brake pedal has no free travel
Braking drag
Braking noise
Change
Adjust
2.Clearance between brake shoe and
drum is too small or releasing spring
is disable.
Adjust or Change
3.Piston of wheel cylinder is
ineffective
Check、Change
4.Piston of master cylinder is
ineffective
Change
5.Parking brake is ineffective
Change spring
1.Shoes distort
Change
2.Brake facing wear out
Change
3.Eyewinker in brake system
4.Brake drum breach, scrape to
uneven
Check, Eliminate
Change
10. Wiring Diagram
1) Wiring Diagram of Series System (FIG.1)
2) Wiring Diagram of Sepex System (FIG.2)
This manual tries to be as sound and elaborate as possible in literal and figurative description as well as
technical description on the basis of existent data. At the same time, our company reserves the right to alter
the content of this manual and this manual is subject to change without prior notice; in addition, our company
has the final say on the interpretation of this manual.
All rights reserved.
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FIG. 1
FIG.2
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