Sierra Wireless | Airlink Raven XE HSPA | User guide | Sierra Wireless Airlink Raven XE HSPA User guide

Sierra Wireless Airlink Raven XE HSPA User guide
AirLink Raven X HSPA
User Guide
20080311
Rev 3.0
Preface
Important
Notice
Safety and
Hazards
Due to the nature of wireless communications, the transmission and reception of
data can never be guaranteed. Data may be delayed, corrupted (i.e., have errors)
or totally lost. Although significant delays or losses of data are rare when wireless
devices such as the Sierra Wireless AirLink Raven X are used in a normal
manner with a well-constructed network, the Sierra Wireless AirLink Raven X
should not be used in situations where failure to transmit or receive data could
result in personal hazard or risk to the user or any other party, including but not
limited to personal injury, death, or loss of property. Sierra Wireless accepts no
responsibility for damages of any kind resulting from delays or errors in data
transmitted or received using the Sierra Wireless AirLink Raven X, or for failure of
the Sierra Wireless AirLink Raven X to transmit or receive such data.
Do not operate the Sierra Wireless AirLink Raven X in areas where blasting is in
progress, near medical or life support equipment, life support equipment, or near
any equipment which may be susceptible to any form of radio interference. In
such areas, the Sierra Wireless AirLink Raven X MUST BE POWERED OFF. The
Sierra Wireless AirLink Raven X can transmit signals that could interfere with this
equipment.
Do not operate the Sierra Wireless AirLink Raven X in any aircraft, whether the
aircraft is on the ground or in flight. In aircraft, the Sierra Wireless AirLink Raven X
MUST BE POWERED OFF. When operating, the Sierra Wireless AirLink Raven X
can transmit signals that could interfere with various onboard systems.
Note: Some airlines may permit the use of cellular phones while the aircraft is on the
ground and the door is open. Sierra Wireless AirLink Raven X may be used at this time.
The driver or operator of any vehicle should not operate the Sierra Wireless
AirLink Raven X while in control of a vehicle. Doing so will detract from the driver
or operator's control and operation of that vehicle. In some states and provinces,
operating such communications devices while in control of a vehicle is an offense.
Limitation of
Liability
The information in this manual is subject to change without notice and does not
represent a commitment on the part of Sierra Wireless. SIERRA WIRELESS AND
ITS AFFILIATES SPECIFICALLY DISCLAIM LIABILITY FOR ANY AND ALL
DIRECT, INDIRECT, SPECIAL, GENERAL, INCIDENTAL, CONSEQUENTIAL,
PUNITIVE OR EXEMPLARY DAMAGES INCLUDING, BUT NOT LIMITED TO,
LOSS OF PROFITS OR REVENUE OR ANTICIPATED PROFITS OR REVENUE
ARISING OUT OF THE USE OR INABILITY TO USE ANY SIERRA WIRELESS
PRODUCT, EVEN IF SIERRA WIRELESS AND/OR ITS AFFILIATES HAS BEEN
ADVISED OF THE POSSIBILITY OF SUCH DAMAGES OR THEY ARE
FORESEEABLE OR FOR CLAIMS BY ANY THIRD PARTY.
Notwithstanding the foregoing, in no event shall Sierra Wireless and/or its
affiliates aggregate liability arising under or in connection with the Sierra Wireless
product, regardless of the number of events, occurrences, or claims giving rise to
liability, in excess of the price paid by the purchaser for the Sierra Wireless
product.
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AirLink Raven X HSPA User Guide
Patents
Copyright
Trademarks
This product may contain technology developed by or for Sierra Wireless Inc. This
product includes technology licensed from QUALCOMM®. This product is
manufactured or sold by Sierra Wireless Inc. or its affiliates under one or more
patents licensed from InterDigital Group.
© 2012 Sierra Wireless. All rights reserved.
AirCard® and “Heart of the Wireless Machine®” are registered trademarks of
Sierra Wireless. Watcher® is a trademark of Sierra Wireless, registered in the
European Community. AirLink™ and AceWare™ are trademarks of Sierra
Wireless.
Sierra Wireless, the Sierra Wireless logo, the red wave design, and the red-tipped
antenna are trademarks of Sierra Wireless.
Windows® is a registered trademark of Microsoft Corporation.
Other trademarks are the property of the respective owners.
Contact
Information
Support Desk:
Phone: 1-877-231-1144
Hours: 5:00 AM to 5:00 PM Pacific Time,
Monday to Friday, except US Holidays
E-mail: support@sierrawireless.com
Sales Desk:
Phone: 1-510-624-4200
1-604-232-1488
Hours: 8:00 AM to 5:00 PM Pacific Time
E-mail: AirLinkSales@sierrawireless.com
Mail: Sierra Wireless America
39677 Eureka Drive
Newark, CA 94560
USA
Sierra Wireless
13811 Wireless Way
Richmond, BC V6V 3A4
Canada
Fax: 1-510-624-4299
1-604-231-1109
Website: www.sierrawireless.com
Consult our website for up-to-date product descriptions, documentation,
application notes, firmware upgrades, troubleshooting tips, and press releases:
www.sierrawireless.com
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20080311
Preface
Revision
History
Revision
number
Release date
Changes
1.0
Q1:2010
Raven X HSPA User Guide content created and revised.
2.0
Q1:2011
Raven X HSPA User Guide content updated.
3.0
March 2012
Raven X HSPA User Guide revised with updated Preface section and
multiple content and document format corrections. Other significant updates
were made to Chapter 3 (Software Required section and a new Updating
Firmware section).
Rev 3.0 Mar.12
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AirLink Raven X HSPA User Guide
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20080311
Contents
Introduction to the Raven X . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .9
ACEmanager . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11
ACEview . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11
Modem Doctor . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12
Connecting to Your Cellular Provider . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13
Dynamic vs. Static IP Addresses . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13
Communications. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14
HSUPA . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14
HSDPA . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14
UMTS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15
EDGE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15
GPRS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15
Connection Methods . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15
Networking . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15
IPsec . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .15
GRE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 16
Applications . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 16
Events Reporting . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 16
Software . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 17
Documentation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 18
Tools and Reference Documents . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 18
Specifications . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 19
Features and Benefits . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 19
Technology. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 19
Bands . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 20
Environmental . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 20
Power Consumption: (@12V DC) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 20
Standards/Approvals . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 20
Host Interfaces . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 21
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Contents
Physical Specifications . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 21
Application Interfaces . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 21
LED Indicators . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 21
Controls . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 21
Interface Port Pin-outs . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 22
Serial Port . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .22
Power Connector . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .22
Activating the Raven X . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .23
Installing the SIM . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 23
Procedure . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .24
Configuring the APN. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 25
Installation of the Raven X . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .27
Connecting to Power . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 28
Connecting to a Computer or Other Device . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 29
Indicator Lights . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 30
Mounting. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 32
Connecting the Raven X . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .33
ACEmanager . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 33
Using a Terminal Application with AT Commands . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 33
AT Commands . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 35
Regulatory Information . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .37
Federal Communications Commission (FCC) Notice - United States . . .37
Industry Canada . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .37
RF Exposure . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .38
EU . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .38
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1
1: Introduction to the Raven X
• ACEware™
• Connecting to Your
Cellular Provider
• Communications
• Networking
• Applications
• Software
• Documentation
The Raven X is an intelligent wireless gateway, powered by ALEOS™
embedded intelligence, and optimal for providing primary or backup
network connectivity for any high-reliability/ high-availability
applications.
The Raven X is the perfect solution for any device with an Ethernet
connection that requires pervasive connectivity including PCs,
routers, network equipment, POS/ATMs, and commercial automation
equipment.
Raven X modems are designed to maintain a reliable, consistent
network connection. Class I Division 2 certified as nonincendive
equipment, the Raven Series is ideally suited for use in hazardous
environments.
Key applications include utilities, manufacturing, automation, oil and
gas, Ethernet-based SCADA, telemetry, Homeland Security, and
asset monitoring.
Figure 1-1: Raven X
ALEOS, the embedded core technology of Sierra Wireless AirLink
products, simplifies the installation, operation, and maintenance of
any deployment. In addition, it provides an always-on, always-aware
intelligent connection for mission-critical applications.
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AirLink Raven X HSPA User Guide
ALEOS features:
•
Persistent Network Connectivity
•
Over-The-Air (OTA) Upgrades
•
Wireless Optimized TCP/IP
•
Real-Time Notification
•
Packet Level Diagnostics
•
Device Management & Control
•
Protocol Spoofing.
Figure 1-2: Powered by ALEOS
ACEware™
A wireless solution is not complete until you have software tools to manage the
devices monitoring your valuable equipment. Using the AirLink Control
Environment (ACE), ACEware is the device management and monitoring
application suite for Sierra Wireless AirLink devices powered by ALEOS.
Figure 1-3: ACEware Logo
The ACEware suite encompasses an application internal to the firmware
(ACEmanager) and the Windows-based applications ACEview, Modem Doctor,
ACEnet, and AirLink Management Services (AMS). You can download the
ACEview and Modem Doctor applications, and the ACEmanager, ACEnet,
ACEview, and ALEOS user guides, from the Sierra Wireless AirLink Solutions
website (http://www.sierrawireless.com/support). Contact your dealer or Sierra
Wireless representative for further information.
Note: ACEview requires the Microsoft .NET Framework v. 2.0 and Microsoft Windows 98,
Windows 2000, Windows XP, or later. You can obtain the Microsoft .NET Framework from
Microsoft at: http://www.microsoft.com/.
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Introduction to the Raven X
ACEmanager
ACEmanager, the ACEware remote configuration and monitoring tool, simplifies
deployment and provides extensive monitoring, control, and management
capabilities. ACEmanager gives you the power to manage your Sierra Wireless
AirLink communications platforms in real-time.
Simplified Deployment
ACEmanager provides the ability to remotely set up and configure your Sierra
Wireless AirLink products. Remote device setup and configuration reduces the
deployment timeline of your wireless solution and provides a quicker path to ROI.
Templates allow you to easily configure devices in your fleet with identical
settings, ensuring a simple, accurate deployment.
Monitor and Control
ACEmanager allows an administrator to remotely monitor a modem’s status,
health and configuration settings. The user interface displays signal strength, cell
site information, byte counters and error conditions, enabling you to pinpoint any
issues and troubleshoot immediately.
ACEmanager enables remote configuration and parameter settings to be
changed or reset instantly over the air, change a device’s port configuration, IP
address settings, GPS settings, and much more. After configuring one modem,
use the template feature to copy that device configuration to other devices.
Tip: The configuration steps and examples in this user guide use ACEmanager.
ACEview
ACEview is an efficient status and connection monitoring application with a lowprofile, easy to read interface. In ACEview, you can also update the PRL (Protocol
Roaming List) on a device.
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AirLink Raven X HSPA User Guide
Modem Doctor
Modem Doctor is a troubleshooting and diagnostics utility. This utility allows you
to get a log file of the Raven X activity which you can then send to Sierra Wireless
support or erase the current configuration completely.
Figure 1-4: Modem Doctor
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Introduction to the Raven X
Connecting to Your Cellular Provider
The Raven X uses your cellular provider as an ISP (Internet Service Provider) to
connect you to the Internet.
Connection Steps:
1. Your Raven X establishes a PPP (Point to Point Protocol or “dial up”
connection) link to the cellular provider’s network, also called registering on
the network, and receives an IP address.
2. When your Raven X has received its IP address from your cellular provider, a
connection to the Internet or the cellular network is also available for
computers or other devices connected directly to the Raven X.
cellular
provider
The Raven X will perform routing for all internet traffic to and from the computers
or other host devices.
With the Raven X in Ethernet Public mode, only one device connected to the
Ethernet port will receive the public IP address which is the one provided by the
cellular network. In Ethernet Private mode, with a hub or switch connected to the
Ethernet port, the Raven X will provide NAT for a range of computers or other
devices connected to the switch or hub and Internet access to all of them.
Dynamic vs. Static IP Addresses
There are two types of addresses on networks: dynamic and static.
•
Dynamic addresses are assigned on a “need to have” basis. Your Raven X
might not always receive the same address each time it connects with your
cellular provider.
•
Static addresses are permanently assigned to a particular account and will
always be used whenever your Raven X connects to the Internet. The IP
address will not be given to anyone else.
Most ISPs (cellular included) use dynamic IP addresses rather than static IP
addresses since it allows them to reuse a smaller number of IP addresses for a
large number of customers. A dynamic IP address is suitable for many common
Internet uses, such as web browsing, looking up data on another computer
system, or other client functions (such as data only being sent out or only being
received after an initial request).
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AirLink Raven X HSPA User Guide
Tip: If your account with your cellular provider includes a dynamic IP address and you
need a static IP, please consult your your cellular provider representative for more information about changing your account for static IP support.
If you need to contact your Raven X, a device connected to the Raven X, or a host
system using the Raven X from the Internet, you need to have a known IP (such
as one which is static) or domain name (an IP address which is converted by a
DNS server into a word-based name). If you have a dynamic IP address for your
modem, you can use a Dynamic DNS service (such as Sierra Wireless’s IP
Manager) to translate your IP address into to a domain name.
Caution: If you want to connect remotely to your Raven X using TCP/IP or
UDP/IP, the IP address given to your modem by your cellular provider cannot be a private
or internal IP address (such as a special private network) unless you are on the same
network or inside that network’s firewall (such as with frame relay).
Communications
GSM networks use SIM cards which are smart cards containing the account
holder’s details. A SIM can generally be moved from one device to another
allowing for account portability and flexibility.
HSUPA
HSUPA (High-Speed Uplink Packet Access) is a cellular technology which most
closely resembles a broadband synchronous connection. The upload and
download speeds are maximized to provide a faster throughput, reaching speeds
up to 2.0 Mbit/s for the uplink and 7.2 Mbit/s for the downlink.
Please check with your network provider on the availability of HSUPA.
HSDPA
HSDPA (High-Speed Downlink Packet Access) is a cellular technology allowing
for higher data transfer speeds. In HSDPA mode of operation, max speeds are up
to 7.2 Mbit/s in the downlink and 384 kbit/s in the uplink. HSDPA uses Adaptive
Modulation and Coding (AMC), fast packet scheduling at the Node B (Base
Station) and fast retransmissions from Node B (known as HARQ-Hybrid
Automatic Repeat Request) to deliver the improved downlink performance vs.
UMTS and EDGE.
HSPDA (and HSUPA) falls back to UMTS, EDGE, or GPRS (in order of
precedence). This feature allows you to have seamless connectivity no matter
where your Raven X is.
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Introduction to the Raven X
UMTS
UMTS (Universal Mobile Telecommunications System) supports data transfer
rates of up to 1920 kbit/s; most users can expect performance up to 384 kbit/s. A
UMTS network uses a pair of 5 MHz channels: one in the 1900 MHz range for
uplink, and one in the 2100 MHx range for downlink.
EDGE
EDGE (Enhanced Data rates for GSM Evolution) provides end-to-end packet data
services with an enhanced connectivity building on GPRS technology and using
the established GSM networks. EDGE provides higher transmission rates and
better transmission quality for data than GPRS. EDGE can carry data at speeds
typically up to 384 kbit/s in packet mode.
When EDGE is not available, your Raven X will fall-back to GPRS for the
connection to TELUS to provide continued connectivity.
GPRS
General Packet Radio Service (GPRS) is packet-switched with many users
sharing the same tranmission channel, but only transmitting when they have data
to send. This means that the total available bandwidth can be immediately
dedicated to those users who are actually sending at any given moment,
providing higher use where users only send or receive data intermittenly. GPRS
provides speeds of 30 - 70 kbps with bursts up to 170 kbps.
Connection Methods
You can connect the Raven X to an Ethernet (RJ45) port on a computer. When
connected to an Ethernet port, the Raven X behaves like a network card.
Networking
IPsec
The IP protocol that drives the Internet is inherently insecure. Internet Protocol
Security (IPsec), which is a standards-based protocol, secures communications
of IP packets over public networks.
IPsec is a common network layer security control and is used to create a virtual
private network (VPN).
The advantages of the IPSec feature includes:
•
Rev 3.0 Mar.12
Data Protection: Data Content Confidentiality allows users to protect their
data from any unauthorized view, because the data is encrypted (encryption
algorithms are used).
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AirLink Raven X HSPA User Guide
•
Access Control: Access Control implies a security service that prevents
unauthorized use of a Security Gateway, a network behind a gateway or
bandwidth on that network.
•
Data Origin Authentication: Data Origin Authentication verifies the actual
sender, thus eliminating the possibility of forging the actual sender’s identification by a third-party.
•
Data Integrity: Data Integrity Authentication allows both ends of the communication channel to confirm that the original data sent has been received as
transmitted, without being tampered with in transit. This is achieved by using
authentication algorithms and their outputs.
The IPsec architecture model includes the Sierra Wireless AirLink gateway as a
remote gateway at one end communicating, through a VPN tunnel, with a VPN
gateway at the other end. The remote gateway is connected to a Remote network
and the VPN is connected to the Local network. The communication of data is
secure through the IPsec protocols.
Figure 1-5: IPSec Architecture
GRE
GRE (Generic Routing Encapsulation) tunnel is used to carry non-IP packets
through an IP Network. Non-IP packets sent over the GRE tunnel must first be
encapsulated. Hence, ALEOS is used to configure and encapsulate non-IP
packets and transmit over IP through the GRE tunnel.
Applications
Events Reporting
Events Reporting is a Sierra Wireless AirLink modem software feature, provided
via ACEmanager, that allows users to generate reports from the events that take
place. Event Reporting Protocol is an intuitive embedded protocol, which
automatically formats the messages based on an event trigger. The messages
generated are then reported to the remote server.
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Introduction to the Raven X
Software
The Raven X device comes with the following software:
•
ACEview, the software for the Raven X which allows you to monitor your
connections.
•
Firmware that is stored in non-volatile memory and includes ACEmanager.
The Raven X has an embedded radio module made by Sierra
Wireless. There are two firmware programs on the device—one stored on the
controller board of the Raven X and one on the radio module.
The firmware was loaded into the controller board and radio module when the
Raven X was assembled. As new versions of the software and firmware are
released, they are posted at www.sierrawireless.com.
Note: The radio module firmware is not updatable; only ALEOS-level firmware can be
updated.
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AirLink Raven X HSPA User Guide
Documentation
This Raven X User Guide describes how to:
•
Install the Raven X hardware.
•
Connect the radio antennas.
•
Connect a notebook computer and other input/output (I/O) devices.
•
Install the software.
•
Interpret the LEDs on the Raven X and the indicators in the ACEview
software.
This Raven X User Guide is provided as a PDF (Portable Document Format) file
on the installation CD or from the Sierra Wireless support website.
Tools and Reference Documents
User Guide
Description
ALEOS User Guide
This document discusses software configuration in ACEmanager and explains all the
ALEOS features.
ACEview User Guide
This document explains the use of the utility tools which are used to view and monitor the
connection state of a Sierra Wireless AirLink device.
ACEnet User Guide
This document explains the use of ACEnet services for the remote management of Sierra
Wireless AirLink devices.
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2
2: Specifications
• Features and
Benefits
• Technology
• Bands
• Environmental
• Power
Consumption:
(@12V DC)
• Standards/
Approvals
• Host Interfaces
• Physical
Specifications
• Application
Interfaces
• LED Indicators
• Controls
• Interface Port Pinouts
Rev 3.0 Mar.12
Features and Benefits
•
ALEOS Embedded Intelligence
•
Low Power Consumption
•
Compact Size
•
Rugged Aluminum Case
•
High-Speed Processor (ARM 9)
•
High-Speed 2-way Data
•
10/100 Mbps Ethernet Port
•
Persistent Network Connectivity
•
Remote Management and Configuration
•
Class1 Div 2 Certified
Technology
HSPA with fallback to:
•
HSUPA
•
HSDPA
•
UMTS
•
EDGE
•
GPRS (MS-12)
•
GSM
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AirLink Raven X HSPA User Guide
Bands
•
TriBand (3G) for UMTS/HSDPA/HSUPA
· 850/1900/2100 MHz
•
Quad Band (2G) GPRS/EDGE
· 850/900/1800/1900 MHz
Environmental
•
Operating Temperature:
· -30° to 70° C (-22° to158° F)
•
Storage Temperature:
· -40° to 85° C (-40° to 185° F)
Power Consumption: (@12V DC)
•
Transmit/Receive (Typical/Max) 180/200 mA
•
Idle 160 mA
•
Input Voltage 9 - 28 VDC
Standards/Approvals
Note: In consideration of
EU regulations, this device
is classified as a Class A
device for use in
commercial environments.
•
IEC 60950
•
CE/EU
•
Carrier specific approvals
•
RoHS
•
FCC
•
Industry Canada
•
This apparatus is suitable for use in Class 1, Division 2, Groups A, B, C, D, or
unclassified or non-hazardous locations.
Warning: Explosion Hazard - Substitution of any components may impair suitability for
Class 1, Division 2.
Note: The device fulfills only Class A limits.
20
20080311
Specifications
Host Interfaces
•
Ethernet: 10/100 Mbps RJ-45
•
RS-232: DB9 DCE (300-230400 baud)
•
Antenna Connections:
· Cellular - 50 Ohm SMA
· Receive Diversity - 50 Ohm SMA
Warning: The antenna should not be installed closer than 20 cm from any people. It is
one of the RSS-102 requiremnts for devices not requiring SAR.
Physical Specifications
•
Dimensions (H x W x D)
· 143 mm x 37 mm x 75 mm
(5.6 in x 1.5 in x 3.0 in)
•
Weight
· 317 grams/11.2 oz.
Application Interfaces
•
TCP/IP, UDP/IP, DHCP, HTTP, SNMP, SMTP, SMS, MSCI, Binary, and
Modbus
LED Indicators
•
Network
•
Signal
•
Activity
•
Service
•
Power
Controls
•
Rev 3.0 Mar.12
Reset button
21
AirLink Raven X HSPA User Guide
Interface Port Pin-outs
Serial Port
Unused
CTS (Clear to Send)
RTS (Request to Send)
DSR (Data to Send)
9
5
8
7
6
4
3
2
1
< - > GND (Ground)
< - DTR Data Terminal Ready)
< - Rx (Receive)
- > Tx (Transmit)
- > DCD (Data Carrier Detect)
Serial Port Diagram: Female DB9 DCE (not to scale)
Power Connector
Figure 1-6: Power Connector (not to scale)
Warning: Explosion Hazard - Do not disconnect equipment unless power has been
switched off or the area is known to be non-hazardous.
22
20080311
3
3: Activating the Raven X
• Installing the SIM
• Configuring the
APN
This chapter provides step-by-step directions for activating your
Raven X on your cellular provider’s network.
H
Installing the SIM
The Subscriber Identity Module (SIM) in the Raven X is a smartcard
that securely stores the key identifying a cellular subscriber.
Generally, you will only need to install a SIM once in the life of the
modem and it may be pre-installed by your Sierra Wireless
Representative.
If the SIM was pre-installed, unless you need to set a custom APN,
activation of your modem is complete.
Cellular Account Required
•
Cellular Account Required - To use your modem, you need to
have a SIM with an active account in a data plan with your
cellular provider.
Software Required
•
ACEmanager - Graphical interface for entering most AT
Commands. You can download ACEmanager from the Sierra
Wireless AirLink Solutions website: http://
www.sierrawireless.com/support/. A default installation of this
utility is assumed later in these directions
Hardware Required
•
Ethernet cable or serial cable - An Ethernet cable or straight
through serial cable.
•
Power adapter and a power source - You will need a power
supply and power source for the modem.
•
PC or laptop - To configure the modem, you will need a
computer with an available Ethernet port or serial port.
Tools Required
Rev 2.0 Mar.12
•
Small Phillips screwdriver - The Phillips screwdriver is also
called a plus (+) or X screwdriver.
•
Slim stylus - A PDA stylus, an unbent paperclip, or other such
item.
23
PinPoint X for AT&T HSPA
Procedure
a. Unplug the Raven X power cable and all other cables.
b. Remove slot cover on the front of the Raven X to reveal the SIM slot.
Figure 3-1: Slot Cover
c. Carefully remove the SIM card from the card you received from your
cellular provider.
d. Using the tip of a PDA stylus, an unbent paperclip, or some other slim
blunt item, press the yellow button of the SIM tray.
Tip: The button is between two boards.
e. Slide the tray completely out.
Figure 3-2: SIM tray button
f.
Place the SIM into the tray, and gently press to click it into place.
Figure 3-3: Empty SIM Tray and a Tray with a Sample SIM
g. Slide the tray back into the PinPoint.
h. Gently press the SIM to click it into place.
Tip: The top of the card faces the bottom of the modem.
24
20080311
Activating the Raven X
Figure 3-4: Inserting the SIM
Replace the cover to prevent dust or other unwanted particles from entering the
Raven X. Once the cover is replaced, the installation is complete.
Note: The first time you power on your Raven X with your new SIM, there may be a delay
of up to 10 minutes for the initial network connection to occur.
Configuring the APN
The APN (Access Point Name) is the way your device knows how it will be
communicating with the network. The APN allows custom IP addressing and
tailoring your company's wireless IP solution to meet the security and IP
addressing requirements of your applications.
Note: Most accounts use the default addressing solution of Private or Public IP addresses
supplied by the Internet and Proxy APNs. You should only need to configure a custom
APN if you have a Static or Custom IP address.
The default APN is Internet. If you need a different APN, use ACEmanager to
configure it.
Rev 2.0 Mar.12
25
PinPoint X for AT&T HSPA
26
20080311
4
4: Installation of the Raven X
• Connecting to
Power
• Connecting to a
Computer or
Other Device
• Indicator Lights
• Mounting
Note: During installation,
please be sure that the
cables are secure but do
not bear any additional
weight that could loosen
the connector from the
unit.
Your Raven X should be mounted in a position that allows easy
access for the cables so they are not bent, constricted, in close
proximity to high amperage, or exposed to extreme temperatures.
The LEDs on the front panel should be visible for ease of operational
verification. You should ensure that there is adequate airflow around
the modem but that it is kept free from direct exposure to the
elements, such as sun, rain, dust, etc.
Caution: The Raven X is in a hardened case and designed for use in industrial and extreme environments. However, unless you are using cables
expressly designed for such environments, they can fail if exposed to the
same conditions the Raven X can withstand.
Figure 4-1: Raven X Connectors
Note: A distance of at
least 20 cm between the
antenna and the user's
body must be maintained
at all times.
Antennas selected should not exceed a maximum gain of 5 dBi under
standard installation configuration. In more complex installations
(such as those requiring long lengths of cable and/or multiple
connections), it’s imperative that the installer follow maximum dBi
gain guidelines in accordance with the radio communications
regulations of the Federal Communications Commission (FCC),
Industry Canada, or your country’s regulatory body (if used outside
the US).
Your Raven X will work with most cellular antennas with a TNC
connector. Connect the primary antenna or primary RF cable directly
to the antenna connector on the back of the Raven X.
Rev 3.0 Mar.12
27
AirLink Raven X HSPA User Guide
Tip: When using a cable connected to an antenna placed away from the modem,
minimize the length of your cable. All gain from a more advantageous antenna placement
can be lost with a long cable length to the modem.
Connecting to Power
Warning: Risk of electric shock: Only use the supply voltages listed in this user guide.
Warning: The operating temperature range of the 12V AC power adapter is 0° - 40° C.
This range is less than the operating temperature range of the Raven X. For deployments
in more extreme temperatures, use the optional DC power cable rather than the AC power
adapter.
With the appropriate power adapter, the Raven X can be used with either DC or
AC power. DC cables and AC adapters are available as optional accessories in
addition to the one included with your Raven X.
The DC power cable positive lead should be connected to the battery or power
source positive terminal. The power cable negative lead should be connected to
the battery or power source negative terminal.
Tip: The DC power cable has a white wire lead in addition to the power positive and
negative. This is for a feature not present in the Raven line modems. In the Raven X, the
white wire lead has no function and can be ignored.
Note: When using a DC power source (e.g., a solar cell), Sierra Wireless recommends
placing a fuse (1-2 Amp) on the line close to the power source to protect your power
source from possible surges due to shorts or other line issues.
Warning: Explosion Hazard - Do not disconnect equipment unless power has been
switched off or the area is known to be non-hazardous.
28
20080311
Installation of the Raven X
Connecting to a Computer or Other
Device
Figure 4-2: Ethernet connector
The Ethernet port of your Raven X can be connected directly to a computer or
other Ethernet device with either a cross-over cable or a straight-through cable.
The Ethernet port on the Raven X is auto-sensing and connects at 100baseTX. If
you are connecting the modem to a hub or switch you should use a straight
through cable or use the uplink port on the hub or switch with a cross-over cable.
Tip: On some computers, the TCP receive window may be set to 16 kbytes. To optimize
the throughput of your Raven X, it is recommended that you change the TCP window from
128 kbytes to 256 kbytes using a TCP Optimizer.
Figure 4-3: Serial Connector
The serial port of your Raven X can be connected directlt to most computers or
other devices using a standard straight through cable. If you have a DCE device,
you will need a null modem or null modem cable.
Rev 3.0 Mar.12
29
AirLink Raven X HSPA User Guide
Indicator Lights
When the Network LED of the Raven X glows continuously, a successful
connection has been made. There is a specific pattern to the LED lights to
indicate its operation mode when your Raven X is connected to power and an
antenna.
Figure 4-4: Indicator lights
•
Network - When lit solid, indicates a successful connection to the cellular
network with an IP address given and a channel acquired.
•
Signal - Light shows the strength of the signal and may be nearly solid
(strong signal) or flashing (weaker signal). A slow flash indicates a very weak
signal.
Table 4-1: RSSI LED Ranges
RSSI/Signal LED Status
Ranges of RSSI (dBm)
On Solid
Equal to or stronger than -69
Fast Blink
-70 to -79
Normal blink
-80 to -89
Slow Blink
-90 to -99
Extinguished
Equal to or weaker than -100
•
Activity - Lights will flash as data is transferred to and from the Raven X on
the remote network.
•
Service - When on, indicates when the connection is HSUPA/HSDPA or
UMTS. When unlit, indicates EDGE or GPRS.
•
Power - Indicates the power adapter is connected and there is power getting
to the Raven X.
The Reset button (on the left side of the Raven X) has two functions. If it is
quickly depressed and released, the modem will simply power cycle the internal
hardware. If, however, the reset is depressed and held for several seconds (count
approximately 30 seconds, and wait for the power light to go off after the light
pattern stops), the ALEOS configuration settings will return to the factory defaults.
Caution: If you reset the modem configuration using the Reset button,
you may need to reconfigure your APN.
30
20080311
Installation of the Raven X
Light Patterns
The LEDs on the front of the modem will respond in different patterns to indicate
modem states.
Rev 3.0 Mar.12
•
Normal - Each LED, mentioned above, is lit as applicable.
•
Start up - The LEDs will cycle from left to right.
•
SOS - The Network and Service LEDs will blink alternately.
•
Configuration Reset - The LEDs will cycle left to right and then right to left 4
times.
•
Authentication Failure - The Network, Signal, and Activity LEDs blink every
2 seconds.
•
Data Retry - The Network, Signal, and Activity LEDs blink every 3 seconds.
•
Invalid MAC Address or Ethernet Initiation Fail - The Service LED will
blink.
31
AirLink Raven X HSPA User Guide
Mounting
LM
FGHI
F
I
M
L
N
N
CD
A radius: 0.14” (2.5mm)
F to F: 0.315”(8mm)
D to D: 0.315” (8mm)
I to I: 0.565” (14.35mm)
E to E: 0.132” (3.3mm)
K to K: 0.665”(16.89mm)
DE
B radius: 0.075” (1.9mm) G to G: 2.145” (54.48mm)
H to H: 1.895”(48.13mm) CE
C to C: 0.565” (14mm)
L to L: 0.257” (6.53mm)
M to M: 5.385”(136.7mm)A
HK
2.5”
(65mm)
N to N: 4.615” (117mm)
B
G
K
Front
5.642”(143mm)
Figure 4-5: Mounting Bracket for Raven X: Dimensions in Inches
32
20080311
5
5: Connecting the Raven X
• ACEmanager
• Using a Terminal
Application with
AT Commands
• AT Commands
The Raven X, with its embedded ALEOS firmware, is a highly
configurable device.
There are two options for configuring the Raven X:
•
Use the configuration and management applications of the
AceWare suite, or
•
Use a terminal emulator application such as HyperTerminal,
PuTTY, etc.
ACEmanager
To get a more expanded view of the other ACEmanager features,
refer to the ACEmanager Guide.
A full listing of all the configuration commands for your modem is
found in Chapter 6 of the ALEOS User Guide.
Using a Terminal Application with
AT Commands
You can access and configure your Raven X using a terminal
emulator application such as Microsoft HyperTerminal, PuTTY, or
others. The following directions are for HyperTerminal which is part of
a standard installation of Windows XP.
1. Choose a name and icon for your connection
a. Choose a name for your connection, such as Raven X or
Sierra Wireless AirLink Solutions. The name and icon are
only for your own reference so you can find the connection at
a later date.
Tip: If you want to have a connection saved for both local and remote, it is
recommended the connection name reflect the connection type, i.e., Raven X
local.
b. Select OK.
2. At the Connect To window, using serial:
a. Select COM1 or the COM port to which the gateway is
connected, for the “Connect using” option.
Rev 3.0 Mar.12
33
AirLink Raven X HSPA User Guide
Figure 5-1: Connect To window
b. Change or verify the settings when the COM1 Properties window
displays:
· Bits per Second: 115200 (default)
· Data Bits: 8
· Parity: None
· Stop Bits: 1
· Flow Control: Hardware.
Figure 5-2: Port Settings at COM1 Properties
Tip: If you have configured the Raven X for settings different than the defaults for Bits per
second, Data bits, Parity, and/or Stop bits, you will need to use your changed settings.
c. Select OK.
If using Ethernet:
d. Select TCP/IP (Winsock) for “Connect using”.
e. Enter the Raven X’s internal IP address in “Host address”.
34
20080311
Connecting the Raven X
f.
Change the “Port number” to 2332.
g. Select OK.
3. You are now connected.
AT Commands
When using a terminal application, you will need to manually type in each
command.
•
For most commands, when entering them using a terminal connection, you
will need to preface the command with AT (exceptions are noted), i.e., ATA
which is listed as A.
•
Some commands have specific parameters while other commands will take
whatever you type.
•
Required variable parameters are denoted with italicized text, example, Dn.
The n is a variable.
•
Acceptable parameters and/or specific formats are listed with each
command.
•
Most commands with parameters can be entered with ? to read the current
value (e.g., AT&D? will respond with “2” if the default has not been changed).
•
Optional parameters are denoted with square brackets [ ].
•
AT Commands are not case sensitive. A capital “E” is the same as a lowercase “e”.
•
When you are using a terminal connection, if you enter a command which is
recognized by the Raven X, it will respond with “OK”. If the command is not
recognized, the response will be “ERROR”.
•
Those commands applicable only to certain model numbers of the Raven X
will be noted.
Caution: Symbols listed with commands, such as *, /, &, or ?, are part of the command
and must be included. Commands with symbols other than * may require PassThru mode.
Rev 3.0 Mar.12
35
AirLink Raven X HSPA User Guide
36
20080311
6
6: Regulatory Information
Federal Communications Commission
(FCC) Notice - United States
Electronic devices, including computers and wireless modems,
generate RF energy incidental to their intended function and are
therefore subject to FCC rules and regulations.
This equipment has been tested to, and found to be within the
acceptable limits for a Class A digital device, pursuant to part 15 of
the FCC Rules.
This equipment generates radio frequency energy and is designed
for use in accordance with the manufacturer's user manual. However,
there is no guarantee that interference will not occur in any particular
installation.
If this equipment causes harmful interference to radio or television
reception, which can be determined by turning the equipment off and
on, you are encouraged to try to correct the interference by one or
more of the following measures:
•
Reorient or relocate the receiving antenna
•
Increase the separation between the equipment and the receiver
•
Connect the equipment into an outlet on a circuit different from
that to which the receiver is connected
•
Consult the dealer or an experienced radio/television technician
for help
•
This device complies with Part 15 of the Federal Communications
Commission (FCC) Rules. Operation is subject to the following
two conditions:
1. This device may not cause harmful interference.
2. This device must accept any interference received, including
interference that may cause undesired operation.
Warning: Changes or modifications to this device not expressly approved
by Sierra Wireless could void the user's authority to operate this equipment.
Industry Canada
This Class A digital apparatus meets all requirements of the
Canadian Interference Causing Equipment Regulations. Operation is
subject to the following two conditions:
1. this device may not cause harmful interference, and
2. this device must accept any interference received, including interference that may cause undesired operation.
Rev 3.0 Mar.12
37
AirLink Raven X HSPA User Guide
Antenna Considerations
Although the antenna model(s) used with these devices meet(s) the Industry
Canada Radio Frequency requirements, it is possible that the future customers
may swap them for different ones without network provider's knowledge and
approval. Such customers must be made aware of, and follow, the Radio
Frequency requirements applied in this Technical Approval:
•
RSS-102 "Radio Frequency Exposure Compliance of Radiocommunication
Apparatus (All Frequency Bands)"
•
RSS-129 "800 Mhz Dual-Mode CDMA Cellular Telephones"
•
RSS-132e "Cellular Telephones Employing New Technologies Operating in
the Bands 824-849 Mhz and 869-894 Mhz"
•
RSS-133 r1 "2 GHz Personal Communications Services"
RF Exposure
In accordance with FCC/IC requirements of human exposure to radiofrequency
fields, the radiating element shall be installed such that a minimum separation
distance of 20cm should be maintained between the antenna and the user's body.
Warning: This product is only to be installed by qualified personnel!
To comply with FCC/IC regulations limiting both maximum RF output power and
human exposure to RF radiation, the maximum antenna gain must not exceed 5
dBi in the Cellular band and 4 dBi in the PCS band.
EU
Note: A distance of at
least 20 cm must be
maintained at all times
between the antenna and
the user.
38
Sierra Wireless hereby declares that the Raven XE devices conform to all the
essential requirements of Directive 1999/5/EC.
Products are marked with a CE and notified body number as shown here:
20080311
Regulatory Information
The Declaration of Conformity made under Directive 1999/5/EC is available for
viewing at the following location in the EU community.
Sierra Wireless (UK), Limited
Suite 5, the Hub
Fowler Avenue
Farnborough Business Park
Farnborough, United Kingdom GU14 7JP
The device is a Class A device for use in a commercial environment.
WEEE Notice
If you purchased a Raven XE in Europe, please make sure that the device is
collected separately from general domestic waste at the end of its life. WEEE
(Waste of Electric and Electronic Equipment) products may be recognized by their
wheeled bin label on the product label.
Rev 3.0 Mar.12
39
AirLink Raven X HSPA User Guide
40
20080311
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