Boulder | 3050 | Owner`s manual | Boulder 3050 Owner`s manual

Boulder 3050 Owner`s manual
3050 Mono Power Amplifier
Owners Manual
11/21/2011
Boulder Amplifiers, Inc.
3235 Prairie Ave.
Boulder, CO 80301
www.boulderamp.com
2
Appendix
Fault Conditions
Boulderlink
Remote Control
Operation
Getting Started
Thank You
Congratulations and thank you for selecting the Boulder 3050 Mono Power
Amplifiers for your high-performance music system. We are certain they
will provide you with years of listening pleasure.
The 3050s represent the concerted efforts of numerous Boulder craftsmen,
designers, engineers, and technicians working to bring you the very finest
audio playback components in the world. These Amplifiers are the pinnacle
of Boulder’s product line which only a select few owners will be privileged
to experience.
Please take a few minutes to read through this owner’s manual prior to
using your 3050s. This will help you to understand the basic functions and
outstanding capabilities of the amplifiers. It will also allow you to maximize
the exceptional performance for which they were designed.
Your Boulder 3050 Mono Power Amplifiers, Serial numbers 0003 (L)
and 0004 (R), have undergone an extensive laboratory tests for safety,
functionality and technical performance. In addition, your amplifiers have
been individually subjected to rigourous listening trials in our listening
room, utilizing a wide range of musical material. No amplifier ever leaves
our factory until we are totally satisfied it is capable of achieving its full
potential as designed.
Boulder Amplifiers, Inc.
3
4
Appendix
Fault Conditions
Boulderlink
Remote Control
Operation
Getting Started
Table of Contents
Getting Started
Placement of the 3050 Mono Power Amplifier
Connecting To The Mains Outlet
Connecting to a Balanced Source
Connecting to an Unbalanced Source
Polarity
Connecting Your Loudspeakers
Operation Powering Up
Input DC Offset Voltage Detection
Clip Detection
Thermal Protection
Maintenance
Remote Control
Remote Control Operation
Boulderlink
Connecting The Boulderlink
Setting Boulderlink Switches
Setting Boulderlink ID Numbers
Power Up By Boulderlink
Boulderlink Messages
Fault Conditions
Fatal Errors
Appendix
Specifications
Troubleshooting
Notes
1-1
1-1
1-1
1-3
1-3
1-5
1-5
2-1
2-1
2-3
2-3
2-3
2-3
3-1
3-1
4-1
4-1
4-1
4-3
4-3
4-5
5-1
5-1
6-1
6-1
6-3
6-5
5
Getting Started
Getting Started
Placement of the 3050 Mono Power Amplifier
Your Boulder 3050 Power Amplifier is designed to reduce interference
from external magnetic and radio fields (RF). While placement is not
critical, known magnetic fields should be avoided.
An isolated granite base has been included with the Boulder 3050.
The granite base is intended to serve as a platform on which to place the
power amplifier. Choose a solid stable surface for the granite base and
amplifier. The granite base should be selectively located prior to placing
the amplifier on it. Moving these components will require at least four
people, as they are very heavy. Professional movers are recommended.
The 3050 Mono Power Amplifier will generate some heat. Therefore,
it should be located in an area with ample air circulation. Specifically,
be certain that the heat sinks are unobstructed by objects that could
potentially block air-flow.
You may want to have access to the rear panel for cable changes. It
is recommended that speaker cables be as short as possible, while input
cables can be as long as necessary.
Connecting To The Mains Outlet
Your 3050 Mono Power Amplifier is supplied with a mains power
cable suitable to the location where it was purchased. It is constructed of
large enough wire gauge and a plug appropriate for 240v AC line voltage.
Do not substitute another power cable.
Exact voltage and frequency compatibility is stated in the
specifications section.
Once the 3050 Power Amplifier is connected to a live mains outlet, an
outline of the power button on the front panel will become illuminated and
blink for a short time. The outline will then glow white steadily, indicating
that the supervising microprocessor is powered up and the amp is ready to
be turned on.
1-1
Getting Started
Getting Started
1-2
Getting Started
Getting Started
Connecting to a Balanced Source
To fully realize the sonic potential of your 3050 Mono Power Amplifier,
use balanced connections. Balanced cables minimize interference from
magnetic and RF sources.
Connect your preamplifier output to the input provided on the rear
panel of the 3050.
Connecting to an Unbalanced Source
Although the inputs are of the 3-pin type, an unbalanced source is
easily accommodated by using a special cable. This cable has an RCA
type connector on the source end, and a 3-pin connector for going to the
input of the 3050 Power Amplifier.
The minus input (pin 3) should be wired to ground only at the RCA
connector. This brings the minus input reference of the 3050 to the
unbalanced source ground, thus reducing loops.
Another option for accommodating unbalanced sources is that of
the Boulder ABL2 Input Adapter. It converts a balanced input into an RCA
input right at the rear panel of the 3050.
Like the above cable, the minus input of the 3050 is connected to
the ground of the RCA connector. However, this minus side will then share
the shield wire with the chassis ground and will not have very good hum
rejection.
1-3
Getting Started
Getting Started
UNBALANCED INPUT CABLE
2-POS INPUT
3-NEG INPUT
1-GROUND
1-4
Getting Started
Getting Started
Polarity
Please note that the 3050 Mono Power Amplifier conforms to the
standard of pin 2 as the “high” or “hot” pin for the balanced input.
The Polarity of the 3050 Mono Power Amplifier is such that a
positive-going transition at pin 2 will produce a positive-going transition at
the “+” output terminal.
Connecting Your Loudspeakers
Do not use any wrenches on the loudspeaker binding posts. Tighten
these connectors only by hand.
WARNING: This is a high-power amplifier. When driven, there is high
voltage potential at the terminals. Connections should be made with the
mains disconnected.
Select spade terminals which accept 6 mm or .250 inch diameter
binding posts. Two sets of output connections are provided to enable easy
passive biamping.
There is no provision for the use of banana plugs. These plugs
have been proven to come loose over time which increases the contact
resistance and distortion. For the same reasons we also do NOT
recommend the use of banana plugs at the speaker end.
1-5
Getting Started
Getting Started
1-6
Operation
Operation
Powering Up
With all your connections made, you are ready to listen to your
Boulder 3050 Mono Power Amplifier.
To turn the amplifier on, press the POWER button on the front panel.
The amplifier will perform a warm up cycle and the power-button indicator
will blink white and red. This power up sequence is mandatory and cannot
be avoided.
Because of the large inrush currents associated with the powerful
quadruple Toroidal transformers, eight power relays are used to turn on
the amplifier. These are under control of the supervising microprocessor.
During the power up sequence, you will hear four sets of two relay clicks,
separated by intervals of two seconds.
The indicator will then steadily glow white and remain this way to
indicate normal operation.
To turn the amplifier off, press the POWER button again. The
indicator will then slowly and continuously change from white, to dark, and
back to white. This indicates that the amplifier is in “Stand-By” mode.
2-1
Operation
Operation
2-2
Operation
Operation
Input DC Offset Voltage Detection
The Boulder 3050 Mono Power Amplifier is a direct-coupled power
amplifier with a servo for zeroing out any DC voltage offset coming from
the preamplifier or other sources connected to the amplifier’s input.
If this input DC is sufficient to cause three volts or more at the
output, a loudspeaker protection circuit will mute the amplifier output
by electronically disconnecting itself from the loudspeaker. The power
indicator will turn red. This condition will continue until the DC is removed.
If the indicator remains red, it is recommended that the user correct
the DC offset of the source device before continuing.
Clip Detection
Clipping of the waveform results when any amplifier is driven at too high a
level. A clip detection circuit is included in the 3050 Mono Power Amplifier.
The indicator will indicate clipping by momentarily turning from
white to red. Both voltage and current modes of clipping will be detected,
although generally it is only voltage clipping which occurs.
Thermal Protection
A thermal protection circuit prevents high case temperatures which
are unpleasant to touch and potentially harmful to the amplifier. The
thermal cutout circuit will mute the amplifier when the transistor cases
reach 85°C, and the indicator will turn red.
If this happens, more ventilation should be provided for the amplifier.
Maintenance
No routine maintenance is required for the Boulder 3050 Power
Amplifier. However, to keep the operating temperatures at a minimum, do
not block the heat sink fins, and remove any dust buildup that may occur.
2-3
Operation
Operation
2-4
Remote Control
Remote Control
Remote Control Operation
Operation of the Boulder 3050 Mono Power Amplifier by remote
control is possible by use of a Boulderlink cable to a Boulder preamplifier.
When Boulderlink is connected correctly, the 3050 will turn on and
off with the preamplifier. Moreover, the Boulder 3050 is capable of issuing
on/off commands to all other Boulder equipment attached by Boulderlink,
including it’s paired amplifier.
3-1
Remote Control
Remote Control
3-2
Boulderlink
Boulderlink is a means of interconnecting most of Boulder products
so that their microprocessors can talk to each other, pass important
information, and issue commands. Among the key features, Boulderlink
allows sequential initiation of power amplifiers’ and other products.
Boulder power amplifiers can send messages to Boulder preamplifiers
which are then shown on its display.
Boulderlink
Connecting The Boulderlink
Turn off all Boulder products which are to be linked before connecting
Boulderlink cables and setting the Boulderlink ID and Master/Slave
switches.
Boulderlink cables in various lengths are available as an accessory
from you Boulder dealer. Two connectors are provided on the rear panel of
the 3050 and other Boulder products.
All the chassis are connected together in a daisy chain manner. Start
by connecting one chassis to another­—then from that chassis to the next
until all are connected. The order does not matter.
A special interface may be obtained to enable Boulderlink to be used
with other control systems. Contact your Boulder dealer for more details.
Setting Boulderlink Switches
Every Boulderlink system must have one, and only one “MASTER”
component. Usually this is the preamplifier. In the case of the 3050 Power
Amplifier, one channel should be set to “MASTER” as long no preamplifier
is connected by Boulderlink. Other Boulderlink products which do not have
a MASTER/SLAVE switch are not eligible to be “MASTER”.
4-1
Boulderlink
Boulderlink
BOULDERLINK "DAISY CHAIN"
BOULDER
PREAMPLIFIER
BOULDER
POWER
AMPLIFIER
BOULDER
POWER
AMPLIFIER
MASTER
SLAVE
SLAVE
TO ALL
OTHER
SLAVE
UNITS
4-2
Boulderlink
Setting Boulderlink ID Numbers
Every component is required to have a unique Boulderlink ID number.
Boulderlink
Each Boulder 3050 Mono Power Amplifier has an amplifier ID switch
on the rear panel. Starting by setting the first switch to “0” or “1” by
pressing on the either button above or below the ID window. Once the
first amplifier is set at either “0” or “1”, assign other amplifiers numbers,
moving up in sequence without duplication. Use of the lowest numbers will
hasten the turn on processor, as each amplifier is allowed three seconds
to initialize before the next. This spreads out the power line inrush currents
preventing the house circuit breakers from unnecessarily tripping. Up to
16 power amplifiers may be connected together in one Boulderlink daisy
chain.
Power Up By Boulderlink
With each component connected together with a Boulderlink cable,
and individually connected to a mains outlet, pressing the power amplifier
or preamplifier’s “STANDBY” push button will initiate the turn on sequence
of all components.
The first time a master is powered up, it will search for any “SLAVE”
units connected to it. As the MASTER finds each SLAVE, the SLAVE’s ID
number will be shown on the display.
If any of the connected SLAVEs are amplifiers, then each time the
MASTER is turned on it will display “WAITING FOR AMPS.” Each amplifier
will be turned on in the order of their Boulderlink ID. To minimize turn on
time, the amplifier’s ID should be set to the lowest possible number in the
sequence. For example, use “0”, “1”, and “2”, instead of “13”, “14”, and
“15”. An Amplifier set to ID “15” will take 47 seconds to turn on.
4-3
Boulderlink
Boulderlink
4-4
Boulderlink
Boulderlink Messages
Each component in the system can send a message to the
preamplifier which is then shown on its display. This is particularly helpful
in confirming the operation status of each power amplifier in a multiple
amplifier system. Typical messages on a 2010 Preamplifier are as follows.
“AMP 1 Error” means that an internal power supply has failed and the
amplifier has turned itself off to protect the speakers from damage.
“AMP 1 DC” means that it has muted due to a DC offset voltage
being detected at its inputs.
Boulderlink
“AMP 1 HOT” means that the amplifier has muted due to a higher
than normal temperature condition on the heat sinks.
“AMP CLIP” means that the amplifier’s output has momentarily
reached its voltage limitation.
“1 OFFLINE” means that the slave is no longer responding via
Boulderlink. Its Boulderlink cable may have become disconnected, or the
mains power has been disconnected.
“1 ONLINE” means that the slave is now responding via Boulderlink
in a normal manner and has been recognized by the master.
4-5
Boulderlink
Boulderlink
4-6
Fault Conditions
Fatal Errors
Fault Conditions
If the indicator of the 3050 Mono Power Amplifier blinks white
rapidly for a short time and a series of red flashes follows, a fatal error has
occurred. The indicator will flash red in a specific sequence, defining its
error code to an authorized Boulder technician. If you are experiencing this
problem with your 3050, contact your Boulder dealer immediately.
5-1
Fault Conditions
Fault Conditions
5-2
Appendix
Specifications
Continuous Power, Each Channel
Watts
Ω
THD 20-2kHz
THD 20kHz
1500
8
0.0005%
0.0035%
1500
4
0.0008%
0.0045%
1500
2
0.0014%
0.0110%
Peak Power, Each Channel
Watts
Ω
2100
8
3000
4
6000
2
Equivalent Input Noise (EIN), 20kHz BW
Magnitude Response, 20 to 20KHz
Magnitude Response, -3dB at
Voltage Gain
Input Impedance
Appendix
Common Mode Rejection (Balanced only)
Inputs
Output Connectors
6-1
1.5 µV
+0.00, -0.04 dB
0.015Hz, 200kHz
26dB
Balanced: 200KΩ,
Unbalanced 100KΩ
60 Hz: 90dB,
10kHz: 70dB
3-pin Balanced
2 sets of 6 mm / .250 inch wingscrews
Appendix
Power Requirements
220-240 VAC
50-60 Hz, 300W nominal, 6000 W at maximum output
All specifications taken at 240 VAC mains Power
Weight
Amplifier: 355 lbs. (161 kg),
Granite Base: 86 lbs. (39 kg),
Shipping: 563 lbs. (256 kg).
Amplifier Dimensions, Inches:
Appendix
6-2
Appendix
Troubleshooting
SYMPTOM
No Power
Indication
Red power
indication
Appendix
Amber power
indication, but not
heard from one
channel
6-3
CAUSE
REMEDY
Power switch is
not on
Turn on power
switch
Power amplifier is
not plugged in
Connect to an AC
outlet
Home circuit
breaker is tripped
Have line voltage
checked
Low line voltage
Reset breakers on
rear panel
Defective power
supply cables
Have cables tested
Defective power
supply or preamp
Return to dealer
for service
No signal from one
channel of source
Check source
controls, cables,
and connections
One Channel is
muted by balance
control
Re-center balance
on preamp
No signal out to
power amplifier
Check connections
to power amp.
Appendix
Appendix
6-4
Appendix
Appendix
Notes
6-5
Appendix
Appendix
6-6
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