Avocent | DSView 3 | User guide | Avocent DSView 3 User guide

Avocent DSView 3 User guide
DSView™
Installer/User Guide
DSView™
Installer/User Guide
Avocent, the Avocent logo, The Power of Being There, OutLook,
DSView, AutoView, DSR, Dambrackas Video Compression,
Click and Connect and OSCAR are trademarks or registered
trademarks of Avocent Corporation or its affiliates. All other
marks are the property of their respective owners.
© 2003 Avocent Corporation. All rights reserved.
Table of Contents
Chapter 1: Product Overview
Overview . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .3
Features and Benefits . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .4
Chapter 2: Installation
Installing the DS Management Software Suite . . . . . . .9
Chapter 3: Basic Operations
Launching the DS Management Software . . . . . . . . . .15
Working with the DS Management Software . . . . . . .15
Viewing Target Devices . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .16
Adding and Configuring DS Appliances
and Target Devices . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .20
Adding and Managing DS Users . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .25
Setting the Remote Session Window Size . . . . . . . . . . .27
Accessing Target Devices . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .29
Sharing or Terminating a Device Session . . . . . . . . . .30
Rebooting and Changing Power States . . . . . . . . . . . .33
Chapter 4: Advanced Operations
Changing the System Settings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .37
Configuring the Event Log . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .40
Setting Up a DSAuth Server . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .41
Altering Settings in DSView . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .43
Creating and Using Keyboard Macros . . . . . . . . . . . . .44
Changing Cursor Settings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .49
Adjusting Video Parameters . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .50
Updating Firmware . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .54
Appendices
Appendix A: Technical Support . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .59
Appendix B: TCP Ports . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .60
Appendix C: Telnet Operations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .65
Appendix D: Terminal Emulation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .83
Appendix E: Setting SNMP Traps . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .96
Appendix F: Menus and Commands . . . . . . . . . . . . . .97
Appendix G: Glossary . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .100
1
Product Overview
Contents
Overview . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .3
Features and Benefits . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .4
Chapter 1: Product Overview
3
Chapter 1: Product Overview
Overview
The DS Management Software suite is used to manage DS, DSR and CPS network appliances and SPC power control devices.
The DS Management Software suite is comprised of three components:
•
DSView™ - A Win32® application that allows DS users to manage target
devices through Avocent network appliances. The Client allows for IPbased video, serial and power management sessions. DSView consists of a
node manager, video viewer and Telnet viewer.
•
DSAdmin - A graphical application used to create and alter DS topology
and permission information that is stored on a DSAuth Server.
•
DSAuth (DS Authentication Server) - A central repository for DS topology information, DS user permissions and centralized services such
as authentication, access control, audit, DS appliance monitoring and
Client/DS appliance updates. DS users may specify a backup authentication server in addition to the primary server.
The DS Management Software suite includes secure, browser-based access
to virtually any device in the data center, including access to all major server
platforms and serial-based devices.
The following figure illustrates an example system configuration using the DS
Management Software suite. For more information on how the components of
the DS Management Software suite work together, see Appendix B.
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DS Users
Local User
DSView Client
DS Appliance
(DSR, DS1800, CPS)
Primary DSAuth Server
Backup DSAuth Server (*)
Cascade
Device
DSAdmin
Target Device
Target Devices
(*) Optional
Target Device
Figure 1.1: Example System Configuration Using DS Management Software
Features and Benefits
Network rebooting and troubleshooting
The DSView interface uses industry standard IP connections so that you can
easily troubleshoot, or even reboot a server, from the Network Operations
Center (NOC), from your desk or from any location in the world. With DSView,
you can access all of your data center devices from a single screen - making
complex network access and control remarkably easy.
Chapter 1: Product Overview
Creating and managing user permissions
The DSAdmin and DSAuth applications provide centralized network
access, control and security for DS appliances. DSAdmin configures
DS topology, permissions and per-device contact information. DSAuth
stores the DS topology, permissions and per-device contact information and performs third-party authentication during connection to
the switch.
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DSView Installer/User Guide
2
Installation
Contents
Installing the DS Management Software Suite . . . . . . .9
Chapter 2: Installation
9
Chapter 2: Installation
Installing the DS Management Software Suite
Installation of the DS Management Software suite is comprised of three steps:
•
Installing the DSAuth Server
•
Installing DSAdmin
•
Installing the DSView Client
The DS Management Software suite can be installed from the CD or using a
self-extracting .zip file downloaded from the Avocent web site.
The DSAuth Server, DSAdmin and the DSView Client must be present and
configured before access can be gained.
NOTE: You will need to reboot your system as part of the installation process. This is necessary
for Windows® to properly register the new application.
Installing the DSAuth Server
NOTE: The DSAuth Server MUST be installed on a PC running Windows 2000 or Windows
XP with Service Pack 1, or on a PC running Windows NT® 4.0 Service Pack 4 or higher on an
NTFS hard drive partition.
The DSAuth Server is a central repository for DS topology information, user
permissions and centralized services such as authentication, access control,
audit, appliance monitoring and Client/appliance updates. DS users can define
a primary and backup DSAuth Server.
DSAdmin can be installed on the same machine as the DSAuth Server, or on a
separate machine. If DSAdmin is installed on a separate machine, it accesses
the DSAuth Server using a network connection.
For more information on how the DS (and CPS) appliances and DS Management Software communicate with each other, see Appendix B.
To install from the CD:
1. Log on to the PC as Administrator.
2. Insert the DS Management Software CD. An autorun file will bring up a
menu of installation options.
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3. When prompted to select a program to install, select Install DSAuthentication
Server. The software will check the Avocent web site to ensure you have the
latest version of the DSAuth Server software. If a newer version is found, it
will be automatically downloaded. The installation will then begin.
4. Follow the on-screen instructions. Windows will determine if the Microsoft
Windows Installer Service is available. If it is not, Windows will install it
and reboot the system. Setup will automatically continue after the reboot.
5. Continue following the on-screen instructions. The session time-out value
will determine how long a DSView session can remain inactive before it is
automatically logged out. The default time-out is 15 minutes. Selecting Disable inactivity timeout feature or entering a Ø will disable this feature.
6. The Installer will determine if the Microsoft® Data Access Components
(MDAC) need to be installed. If so, they will be loaded and the system will
reboot. Setup will automatically continue after the reboot.
7. When the DSAuth Server has finished installing, a system reboot is required.
To install using the DS Management Software downloaded
from Avocent:
1. Log on to the PC as Administrator.
2. Using your DS appliance’s installer/user guide and quick install guide,
download the DS Management Software from the Avocent web site (Go to
www.avocent.com and click the Support link. On the Technical Support
page, click the Product Upgrades link.).
3. Double-click on the executable downloaded from Avocent. The installation
will begin.
4. Follow the on-screen instructions. Windows will determine if the Microsoft
Windows Installer Service is available. If it is not, Windows will install it
and reboot the system. Setup will automatically continue after the reboot.
5. Continue following the on-screen instructions. The session time-out value
will determine how long a session can remain inactive before it is automatically logged out. The default time-out is 15 minutes. Selecting Disable
inactivity timeout feature or entering a Ø will disable this feature.
6. The Installer will determine if the MDAC components need to be installed.
If so, they will be loaded and the system will reboot. Setup will automatically continue after the reboot.
Chapter 2: Installation
11
7. When the DSAuth Server has finished installing, a system reboot is required.
Installing DSAdmin
DSAdmin is the administrative front end for the DSAuth Server that is used to
configure user information and access levels. DSAdmin can be installed on the
same machine as the DSAuth Server, or on a separate machine and then connected to the DSAuth Server through the network.
During the installation, a window will appear; enter the name or IP address
of the PC where the DSAuth Server is installed. This will be your primary
DSAuth Server. Also, if you are installing a non-English version of the DS
Management Software, you will be prompted for the name of a default
user setting.
To install from the CD:
1. Log on to the PC as Administrator.
2. Insert the DS Management Software CD. An autorun file will bring up a
menu of installation options.
3. When prompted to select a program to install, select Install DSAdmin. The
software will check the Avocent web site to ensure you have the latest
version of the DSAdmin software. If a newer version is found, it will be
automatically downloaded. The installation will then begin.
4. Follow the on-screen instructions.
To install using the DS Management Software downloaded
from Avocent:
1. Log on to the PC as Administrator.
2. Using your DS appliance’s installer/user guide and quick install guide,
download the DS Management Software from the Avocent web site (Go to
www.avocent.com and click the Support link. On the Technical Support
page, click the Product Upgrades link.).
3. Double-click on the executable downloaded from Avocent. The installation
will begin.
4. Follow the on-screen instructions.
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DSView Installer/User Guide
Installing the DSView Client
The DSView Client displays a listing of servers that an individual user can
access. The DSAuth Server will check your NT domain cached credentials
and provide a list of target devices available to you. There is a refresh option
in the event that a new target device is added, changed or deleted. Once you
have selected a target device from the list, the video of the selected target
device will display in a remote session window on the DS user’s monitor. The
DSView Client can be installed on any PC running a Win32 platform.
During the installation, a window will appear; enter the name or IP address
of the PC where the DSAuth Server is installed. This should be the same
name or IP address that you specified when installing the DSAdmin software. Also, if you are installing a non-English version of the DSView Client
software, you will be prompted for the name of a default user setting.
To install from the CD:
1. Log on to the PC as Administrator.
2. Insert the DS Management Software CD. An autorun file will bring up a
menu of installation options.
3. You will be prompted to select a program to install. Select Install DSView.
The software will check the Avocent web site for a newer version of the
DSView Client software. If a newer version is found, it will be automatically
downloaded. The installation will then begin.
4. Follow the on-screen instructions.
To install using the DS Management Software downloaded
from Avocent:
1. Log on to the PC as Administrator.
2. Using your DS appliance’s installer/user guide and quick install guide,
download the DS Management Software from the Avocent web site (Go to
www.avocent.com and click the Support link. On the Technical Support
page, click the Product Upgrades link.).
3. Double-click on the executable downloaded from Avocent. The installation
will begin.
4. Follow the on-screen instructions.
3
Basic Operations
Contents
Launching the DS Management Software . . . . . . . . . .15
Working with the DS Management Software . . . . . . .15
Viewing Target Devices . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .16
Adding and Configuring DS Appliances
and Target Devices . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .20
Adding and Managing DS Users . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .25
Setting the Remote Session Window Size . . . . . . . . . . .27
Accessing Target Devices . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .29
Sharing or Terminating a Device Session . . . . . . . . . .30
Rebooting and Changing Power States . . . . . . . . . . . .33
Chapter 3: Basic Operations
15
Chapter 3: Basic Operations
Launching the DS Management Software
This section describes how to launch the DS Management Software so that you
may begin using it to manage DS appliances and target devices.
To launch DSAdmin:
Select Start - Programs - Avocent - DSAdmin.
- or Double-click the DSAdmin icon. DSAdmin will launch.
To launch the DSView Client:
Select Start - Programs - Avocent - DSView.
- or Double-click the DSView icon. DSView will launch.
Working with the DS Management Software
The DSView Client consists of a Node Manager and a remote session window.
When you launch the DSView Client, the Node Manager appears. The Node
Manager allows you to view, access, manage and create custom groupings for
all of the supported DS, CPS and SPC appliances in your data center.
You can double-click a port in the Node Manager to launch a remote session
window. The remote session window allows you to control the keyboard,
monitor and mouse functions of individual servers.
When you select an appliance, you can select File - Properties in the Node Manager to launch the Properties dialog box, which contains tabs that enable you
to configure and control your appliance.
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A
B
C
D
DSAdmin
Remote
Session
DSView
Client
F
E
Figure 3.1: DSAdmin, DSView Client and Remote Session Windows
A.
Title bar: Displays the currently-selected port from the Node Manager.
B.
Menu bar: Allows you to access many of the features in the remote session window.
C.
Toolbar: Contains buttons to automatically align the mouse, refresh and adjust video, and
access macros.
D.
Root node: Each tree consists of a root node and branches.
E.
Accessed server desktop: Interact with your server through this window.
F.
Status bar: Displays the net address of the highlighted network appliance.
Viewing Target Devices
Accessing devices with a DS series network appliance is accomplished
through DSView. When DSView is opened, all host PCs and serial devices
that may be accessed system-wide are displayed in a tree structure. This tree
structure can be displayed in two ways: a DS topology view showing target
devices and the appliances to which they’re connected, or a server view that
shows all available target devices. Both viewing methods can be selected
under the View menu.
Chapter 3: Basic Operations
17
DS topology view
In the DS topology view, DS appliances and target devices are arranged in a
tree structure. Available DS appliances and target devices are listed vertically
by name or IP address. Each appliance can be expanded to display
attached devices.
An SPC device will appear as a cascade device attached to a specific CPS port.
Each outlet will appear with a power indicator cascaded below the port. To
view an attached SPC and its outlets, click on the expand (+) button beside a
CPS appliance, then the SPC expand button.
Ports and switches
display below units
when you click the
expand (+) button
Outlets display below
SPC devices
Figure 3.2: DS Topology Tree
To display the DS topology view:
1.
In the DSAdmin window, double-click on Topology and then
Your Network.
2.
Each name or IP address listed may be expanded by double-clicking on it.
This will display the ports for the DS appliance corresponding to that address.
Each of these ports shares the DS appliance’s IP address.
If a target device is attached to a port, the properties of that port will be the
same as the properties of the target device.
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If a KVM switch is attached to one or more of these ports, double-clicking on
the port name will display the channels on that KVM switch.
Server view
In server view, available target devices are listed by name only.
Figure 3.3: Server View
The DSView Client designates target device type with specific icons in the
viewing panes. These icons are outlined in the Icons table.
Chapter 3: Basic Operations
19
Icons
Icon
Description
DS appliance (DS topology view)
A target device attached to a DS appliance or KVM switch
CPS appliance (DS topology view)
An SPC port (DS topology view)
An SPC outlet
A port on a CPS appliance (DS topology view)
A KVM switch attached to a DS appliance (DS topology view)
A port on a CPS appliance or a port on a CPS appliance attached to an
SPC outlet (server view)
Port status indicators
Additionally, when port status polling is enabled, DSView indicates which
ports and channels are in use, available, not powered or blocked, and the
power state of SPC outlets. See Port status polling frequency in Chapter 4 for
information on polling.
NOTE: Your CPS firmware must be up-to-date to view CPS and SPC poll status indicators.
Available
Available ports are highlighted in green. DS users may connect in any
mode desired.
In use
A port that is in use will be highlighted in yellow. The usage state of a CPS800
or CPS1600 appliance attached to a DS/DSR appliance will appear as Unknown.
When a port is in use, DS users may only connect through sharing. More
details on sharing are available later in this chapter.
Blocked
Blocked ports will have a red icon covered by a red “X.” No additional DS
users may connect to this port or channel in any mode. DS users with Administrator privileges may terminate the session. For more information, see Sharing or Terminating a Device Session later in this chapter.
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Not powered
Ports that are not powered will have a grey icon covered by a black “X.” The
power state of a CPS800 or CPS1600 appliance attached to a DS/DSR appliance
will appear as Unknown.
Port status reporting can be toggled by selecting File - Enable Port Status. If
there is no check mark beside this menu option, DSView will not request the
port status information from the DSAuth Server. DS users may still get a snapshot of port status by selecting View - Refresh.
SPC device power state
SPC devices that are set as powered will appear with a different icon when
they are not powered. For more information on setting SPC power states, see
To change the SPC device power state later in this chapter.
The OnBackup status bar indicator
When DSView is communicating with its assigned primary DSAuth Server,
that server name will appear in a status window. If DSView is unable to communicate with the primary DSAuth Server, it will attempt to communicate
with the backup DSAuth Server. If DSView is communicating with a backup
DSAuth Server, the server’s name will appear highlighted in yellow.
NOTE: When DSAdmin is communicating with the backup DSAuth Server, it is working in a
degraded mode. The backup DSAuth Server allows only View operations and does not allow any
modifications to the tree, properties or permissions settings. When DSAdmin is using a backup
DSAuth Server, the OnBackup status bar will turn yellow.
Adding and Configuring DS Appliances and
Target Devices
Once you have installed your hardware and software, you will need to configure the DS appliances. You may also need to configure KVM switches and
associate SPC devices with an appliance port.
Chapter 3: Basic Operations
21
To add a new DS/DSR appliance to the system:
1. Load the DSAdmin software.
2. Double-click on the icons labeled Topology and then Your Network. A listing of
all DS appliances accessible by the system will be displayed.
3. From the DSAdmin window, select File - New - [DS/DSR appliance]. The
New [appliance type] dialog box appears.
4. In the [DS/DSR appliance] tab, enter the IP address for the appliance that
you are adding. This is the IP address that you assigned in the Terminal
Applications menu. See the installer/user guide for your DS/DSR appliance
for more information.
5. Enter a name for the appliance that you are attaching. DS/DSR appliances
can be identified by name or IP address.
6. Click on the Port tab and configure each individual port.
Configuring host PCs
A computer attached directly to your DS/DSR appliance is called a “host PC.”
If you are directly attaching a host PC, you may give it a descriptive name in
the Port field. No further configuration is necessary.
Configuring attached KVM switches
NOTE: DS appliances support specific AutoView ® and OutLook® brand switches. Contact
Avocent Technical Support or your reseller for details.
Before the ports on an attached KVM switch can be accessed, DSAdmin must
be configured to recognize the attached cascaded or non-cascaded switch.
To configure DSAdmin for an attached cascaded or non-cascaded
KVM switch:
1.
Attach the switch as directed in your hardware installer/user guide.
2.
Activate DSAdmin, and display the DS/DSR appliance to which the switch
is attached.
3.
Right-click on the DS/DSR appliance and select Properties. The Properties
dialog box will appear.
4.
Select the Ports tab.
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5.
You will see a list of ports and a corresponding drop-down menu beside it.
Using the drop-down menu, select the number of channels supported by
the KVM switch you are configuring.
Repeat this procedure for every KVM switch you plan to configure. Click OK
when complete.
After all DS/DSR appliances are configured, you may add CPS appliances and
SPC devices to the system.
To add a new CPS appliance to the system:
1.
Load the DSAdmin software.
2. Double-click on the icons labeled Topology and then Your Network. A listing of
all DS appliances accessible by the system will be displayed.
3. First, you must configure the CPS appliance for use with a DS/DSR appliance. Begin by establishing a Telnet session to your CPS appliance. From
the CPS command line, enter the following command:
SERVER SECURITY MODE=DSSSL DSAUTH=[Authentication Address]
In place of [Authentication Address], enter the proper information for
your DS/DSR appliance.
In configurations where security is enabled, enter the primary DSAuth
Server’s IP address followed by the secondary server.
For example:
SERVER SECURITY MODE=DSSSL DSAUTH=111.11.11.1, 222.22.22.2
In configurations where security is not enabled, enter the word any.
For example:
SERVER SECURITY MODE=DSSSL DSAUTH=any
Press Return to accept the configuration.
4. From DSAdmin, select File - New - CPS. The Properties dialog box
will appear.
5. In the Device Identification tab, enter the IP address for the CPS appliance
that you are adding. This is the IP address that you assigned in the Terminal
Applications menu. See the CPS Installer/User Guide for more information.
Chapter 3: Basic Operations
23
6. Enter a name for the CPS appliance and select the type of CPS appliance that
you are adding.
7. Click on the Ports tab. Give each port a descriptive name in the Port field.
No further configuration is necessary. However, you may click on the Properties tab to list descriptive information for the CPS appliance that you are
configuring. When all configuration is complete, a dialog box will appear
prompting the user to reboot. On acceptance, all changes are saved and the
system will reboot.
Adding an SPC device as a CPS appliance port
NOTE: A CPS appliance must be configured to use an SPC device. See the CPS Installer/User
Guide for more information.
Once a CPS810 or CPS1610 appliance has been added to DSAdmin, you may
associate its port with an SPC device.
An SPC device is an outlet that can be used to control the power state of an
attached device using DSView. To do this, you must associate the port of the
DS appliance with an SPC device. If the server has multiple power supplies,
the appliance’s port can be associated with multiple SPC device outlets.
NOTE: To use an SPC, there must be at least one CPS810 or CPS1610 on your network.
The integrated power management of the SPC enables you to remotely power
up, power down or reboot servers attached to the SPC device. An SPC device
will appear as a cascade switch attached to a CPS appliance port in the DS
topology view. Each outlet will appear with a power indicator cascaded below
the port.
If a port is already associated with an SPC device, you may modify or remove
its association using either the Ports tab or the Properties tab of the CPS
Properties dialog box.
An SPC device may be directly associated with your DS appliance’s port.
To associate a DS appliance port with an SPC device:
1. In DSAdmin, right-click on a DS appliance and then select the Power State
menu item. The Power State dialog box will appear.
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2. Click the Link button. The Server/SPC Outlet Links dialog box will appear,
containing a list of all SPC device names that are present on the DSAuth
Server. Any SPC devices that were previously linked to DS appliance ports
also appear at the bottom of the dialog box.
3. Click on an SPC in the Current Server/SPC Outlet Links list, then click Add.
The SPC is associated with the DS appliance port and appears in the New
Server/SPC Outlet Links list at the bottom of the dialog box. To remove an
association, click on an SPC device/DS appliance port association in the
Current Server/SPC Outlet Links list and then click Remove.
4. Click OK to save your changes and close the dialog box, and then click OK
on the Power State dialog box to close it.
To add an SPC to a DS appliance port using a CPS appliance:
1.
From the DSAdmin window, select a CPS810 or CPS1610.
2.
From the DSAdmin menu, select File - Properties. The [appliance name]
Properties dialog box will appear.
3.
Click the Properties tab. A list of all ports will appear. The DSAuth Server
will examine appliances to determine if new SPC devices are present.
4.
If new SPC devices have been added to the CPS ports, a message box
will appear, prompting you to save the new configuration. Click Yes to
automatically update the settings, or click No to cancel the addition of the
SPC devices.
5.
If desired, type a name in the Port field to the left of a port’s drop-down
menu to change its name.
6.
Click the OK button.
To add an SPC to a DS appliance port using a CPS appliance port:
1.
From the DSAdmin window, select a CPS810 or CPS1610 port.
2.
From the DSAdmin menu, select File - Properties. The [port name and
number] Properties dialog box will appear. The DSAuth Server will
examine appliances to determine if new SPC devices are presently
associated with the appliance’s ports.
3.
If new SPC devices have been added to the CPS ports, a message box
will appear, prompting you to save the new configuration. Click Yes to
automatically update the settings.
Chapter 3: Basic Operations
4.
If desired, type a name in the Name field and modify any other
information in the dialog box.
5.
Click the OK button.
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Adding and Managing DS Users
Adding DS users
You must add DS users within DSView in order for them to have access to the
system. Users are assigned a default access level when they are added. If you
wish to assign DS users a different access level, you will need to change
their permissions.
To add a user:
1. Within the DSAdmin window, right-click on the DS appliance or port you
wish to change and select Permissions. This will activate the Permissions
dialog box.
2. You may either type the username of the DS user you wish to add, or click
on the button marked Add. Clicking Add will display a listing of all DS
users on the Windows domain network. Double-click on the DS user you
wish to add. This will move that DS user’s name to the permissions list.
Figure 3.4: Selecting DS Users to Modify
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3. Click on the new DS user’s name and check the access
boxes appropriately.
To change default DS user permissions:
1. Right-click on the DS appliance or port you wish to change and select the
Permissions command.
2. A DS user listing will appear. You will see a DS user listed as Everyone,
which is configured with the default permissions. Any DS user you do not
set up with individual permissions will use this default configuration.
Figure 3.5: Permissions Dialog Box
3. Click Everyone. The default setting shows both boxes checked. Check or
uncheck the Admin and User boxes to control access for all DS users without a specifically assigned configuration.
NOTE: Remember, Administrator access will allow the DS user to change permissions in
DSAdmin for any DS user listed.
To change specific user permissions:
1. Right-click on the entry you wish to change and select Permissions.
2. The Permissions dialog box will appear, listing all configured DS users.
Change an individual DS user’s access level by clicking on the username
and selecting the access level you wish the user to have. If a DS user isn’t
listed, click the Add button. Refer to the previous section, Adding DS users.
Chapter 3: Basic Operations
27
NOTE: If you remove all permissions from a port or DS appliance, access to that port or DS
appliance will be lost.
Setting the Remote Session Window Size
Before using DSView for the first time, you will need to enter the default remote
session window resolution. This is the default window size that will be applied
to every DSView session. DSView will automatically adjust the display if the
window size changes during a session as long as autoscaling is enabled. When
a DS user accesses a channel via sharing, the display will be adjusted to match
the input resolution of the first person to access that channel.
To set the default remote session window resolution:
1. Load the DSView software. This will activate the Node Manager and provide
you with a list of target devices that you may access.
2. Select File - Default Session Window Resolution and click on the resolution that
you wish to use. Available resolutions are:
•
None
•
640 x 480
•
800 x 600
•
960 x 720
•
1024 x 768
Setting the color depth
The DSR Dambrackas Video Compression™ (DVC) upgrade enables DSView
users to adjust the number of viewable colors in a remote session window.
You may choose to display more colors for the best fidelity, or fewer colors to
reduce the data transferred on the network.
NOTE: The DSR DVC upgrade is standard on all newer DS/DSR appliances. Older DS/DSR
appliances use standard video compression. For DSR DVC upgrade purchase information, contact
Avocent Technical Support or your Avocent reseller.
Remote session windows can be viewed using the best color available
(slower updates), the best compression (fastest updates), a combination of
best color and best compression or in grayscale.
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If a DSView user starts a video session by double-clicking on a port or channel and a color depth setting has not been previously specified, the Video Settings dialog box will appear. The specified setting will be used globally for all
ports or channels and any remote session windows opened from the ports.
The color depths of individual ports and channels can be specified by selecting the Video - Settings command in a remote session window. These settings
are saved individually per port and channel and override the global color
depth setting. See Adjusting Video Parameters in Chapter 4 for more information on these settings.
NOTE: A color depth cannot be applied to a remote session window during a shared device session.
See Sharing or Terminating a Device Session later in this chapter for more information.
To set the initial color depth for all ports and channels:
1. Double-click on a port or channel. A remote session window will appear.
2. Select Video - Settings from the remote session window. The Video Settings
dialog box will appear.
3. Move the slider to the Best Color position.
- or Move the slider to the middle position.
- or Move the slider to the Best Compression position.
- or Select the Grayscale Video checkbox.
4.
Select the Use as Default checkbox to use the specified setting for all ports
that have not been assigned an individual color depth setting.
5.
Click OK to apply your changes.
To set the color depth for an individual port or channel:
1. Double-click on a port or channel. The Video Settings dialog box appears.
Chapter 3: Basic Operations
29
2. Move the slider to the Best Color position.
- or Move the slider to the middle position.
- or Move the slider to the Best Compression position.
- or Select the Grayscale Video checkbox.
3. Click OK to apply your changes.
Accessing Target Devices
You may access one or more target devices within a DS series appliance at the
same time. To access multiple target devices, double-click on every port that
you wish to display. Windows may be tiled or cascaded as you choose.
NOTE: When tiling windows from the Node Manager, each remote session must be in Full Scale
mode in order for windows to tile properly. By default, the scaling mode is specified as Auto Scale.
To change the scaling mode, select Video - Scaling - Full Scale in the remote session window.
To access a target device:
1. Load the DSView software. This will display the Node Manager and provide
you with a list of target devices that you may access.
2. Double-click on the target device that you wish to access. This will open a
remote session window and allow the DS user control of the target device.
NOTE: If you are using the DSR DVC upgrade and have not set the color depth, the Video Settings
dialog box appears and you must set a color depth. See Setting the color depth earlier in this chapter
for more information.
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Figure 3.6: The Remote Session Window
Using Privacy mode
If a DS user needs to access a port while excluding all others, Privacy mode is
used. When a port is selected in Privacy mode, no other DS user in the system
may switch to that port. If another DS user initiates a connection to a port in
Privacy mode, that user will receive a message indicating that the port is in
Privacy mode.
To access a target device in Privacy mode:
1. Load the DSView software. This will display the Node Manager and provide
you with a list of target devices that you may access.
2. Highlight the target device that you wish to access and select File - Privacy
Mode Select.
- or Right-click on the target device’s name and select Privacy mode.
Sharing or Terminating a Device Session
If at any time the channel to which you are connecting is already in use, you
will receive a notification message and have the choice of two options:
•
You may access a port with other users and share the device session.
•
If you have Administrator privileges, you may disconnect other users from
a port and terminate the users’ device session.
Chapter 3: Basic Operations
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Sharing a device session
When you attempt to access a port already in use, you will receive a notification message that the port is in use along with the name of the current DS
user(s). At this point, you may request to share access to the port with the current DS user(s). The DS users that are currently active will receive a request
to allow sharing. If they confirm, the new DS user will gain access to the port.
When sharing access to a port, all DS users may monitor the port and may take
control if no other DS user is currently active.
When you attempt to connect to a port, the DSView Connection Sharing dialog
box displays. If you select the Stealth Connection checkbox and then click
Share, the DS user that is currently active will not receive notification that
access is being shared and no request to authorize sharing will be made.
NOTE: The only way to prevent a stealth connection to a port is by enabling Privacy mode.
Up to 12 DS users may share a single port at one time. If a 13th DS user
attempts to connect, an error message will inform the DS user that no sessions
are available. Administrators will be given the option of terminating a DS
user session.
At any time, DS users may select View - List of Shared Users to view a list of
DS users sharing their port or channel. DS users in Stealth mode are excluded
from this list.
Session time-out
A remote session will time-out if there has been no activity in a Session
window for a specified time. The session time-out value is configured by your
Administrator by selecting Options - System Settings in the DSAdmin window.
You may override this value within the DSView. If you specify a new time-out
value, it will be used the next time DSView is started.
To change a remote session time-out value:
1. From the Node Manager, select Tools - Settings, enabling the Program Settings dialog box to appear. Click the General tab.
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2. Select one of the following from the General tab:
•
Default System Timeout Values - The value set by an Administrator
and stored on the DSAuth Server (default).
•
No Timeout - A remote session will never time-out due to inactivity.
•
Timeout Value - A remote session will time-out after the number of
minutes of inactivity specified. Type a number from 1-60 in the Minutes field.
3. Click OK to save the settings.
Terminating a target device session
If you have Administrator privileges and the target device you are attempting to access is currently being viewed by a local DS user, DSView allows you
to disconnect the local DS user so that you may access that target device. To
terminate a local DS user’s session, you must first specify the ability to do so in
DSAdmin’s System Settings dialog box.
When you choose to terminate a local DS user’s connection, a message box
will display prompting you to confirm the termination. The local DS user will
receive a notification message when you click Yes in the message box. Control
of the port is then transferred to you.
Administrators may also disconnect a DS user by selecting the port that the
user is accessing and choosing File - Disconnect, or by right-clicking on the
port and selecting Disconnect in the DSAuth window.
NOTE: You cannot preempt a local user that is in Broadcast mode. See the DSR Installer/User
Guide for additional information.
To specify settings to terminate the local DS user session:
1.
Select Options - System Settings in the DSAdmin window. The System
Settings dialog box will appear.
2.
Select the DSR Local Port Session Termination Enable checkbox in
the area.
3.
Click OK to save your settings and close the dialog box.
Chapter 3: Basic Operations
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To terminate the current DS user session using the
Disconnect command:
1.
Select a port in the DSAdmin or DSView Client window and then select
File - Disconnect. A message box will appear prompting you to confirm the
termination of the current DS user connection.
2.
Click Disconnect. A message box displays prompting you to confirm the
termination of the DS user session. Click OK. The current DS user will
then receive a notification message.
Rebooting and Changing Power States
If you have Administrator privileges, you may perform a warm reboot on a DS
appliance at a remote location.
To reboot a remote DS appliance:
1.
Select the DS appliance in the DSAdmin window.
2.
Select File - Reboot. A confirmation message box will appear.
3.
Click OK to reboot the remote DS appliance.
Changing the SPC device power state
NOTE: To change the power state of a target device powered by an SPC, the SPC must be
connected to a CPS810 or CPS1610 appliance. For more information on connecting an SPC to
a CPS appliance, see the SPC Installer/User Guide.
The power state of either a particular SPC device, CPS appliance or server
powered by an SPC device may be turned on or off. The SPC may also be used
to reboot a server.
To change the SPC device power state:
1. Load the DSView software. This will activate the Node Manager and display
a list of DS appliances with ports linked to SPC devices that you may access.
2. Select an SPC, then right-click on the item and select Power State from the
shortcut menu. This will open the Power State dialog box with the current
power state of the SPC selected. If a CPS port is linked to one or more SPCs,
these linkages will appear in the dialog box.
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3. Do one of the following:
•
Click On to turn the SPC on.
•
Click Off to turn the SPC off.
•
Click Reboot to reboot the SPC and any attached servers. The SPC
device’s On or Off state will remain the same as the last time the
Power State dialog box was accessed.
4. Click OK to perform the selected action and close the Power State
dialog box.
NOTE: One DS port may have multiple SPC ports associated with it. Any on, off or reboot operation
you choose to perform to one SPC port associated to a specific DS port and target server occurs
to every SPC port associated to the DS port and target server.
4
Advanced Operations
Contents
Changing the System Settings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .37
Configuring the Event Log . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .40
Setting Up a DSAuth Server . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .41
Altering Settings in DSView . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .43
Creating and Using Keyboard Macros . . . . . . . . . . . . .44
Changing Cursor Settings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .49
Adjusting Video Parameters . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .50
Updating Firmware . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .54
Chapter 4: Advanced Operations
37
Chapter 4: Advanced Operations
Changing the System Settings
Depending on the level of security that you require, certain settings may be
configured via the use of DSAdmin’s System Settings dialog box. These options
may be accessed by selecting Options - System Settings.
Changing the remote session window time-out
DSView may be configured to automatically log a DS user out after a specified
inactivity period. Use this feature to heighten security or prevent a DS user
from blocking access to a channel by forgetting to log out. To change the timeout, select the Enable checkbox, then enter the desired inactivity period within
the provided field. You may also disable this feature by unselecting the
Enable checkbox.
Limiting DS user port information
When a DS user attempts to select a channel that is in use, DSAdmin will
report who is currently using that channel and offer DS users with administrative rights the option to log the current user out. If the Administrators only
box is selected, this message will be limited to Administrators; DS users without Administrator access will only receive a message that the port is in use.
Connection sharing
By default, the DS Management Software is set to prompt connected users to
allow sharing of their session. When the box marked Allow Shared Connections Automatically is checked, sharing will be initiated without
a prompt.
Automatic creation and deletion of audit logs
Administrators may specify the following:
•
The directory where the audit log file is stored (default is root).
•
How long the audit log file is stored before it is deleted. If you do not wish
to have logfiles automatically deleted, enter a Ø in the provided field.
NOTE: Allowing logfiles to build for an extended period may consume a great deal of disk space.
Routine deletion is recommended.
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NOTE: When changing the location of the Audit log, the Administrator must make sure that the full
path chosen exists, is accessible to both the primary and backup DSAuth Servers and is mapped to
the same letter for both machines. If the log file is moved to a location other than the local system,
both the primary and backup DSAuth Servers will use the same location for the files.
Port status polling frequency
This option, when enabled, allows Administrators to configure how often
DSAuth polls appliances and how often DSView polls DSAuth. Entering a Ø in
a field will disable polling on that field.
DS Management Software suite update
In order to ensure that all DS users have the latest version of the DS Management Software suite, Administrators may specify a system wide software suite
version number.
To specify a version number:
1. Enter the desired DSView update version in the Update version text box.
2. Enter the IP address of the TFTP server where the update resides.
3. If you wish to make updates mandatory, click the Update is
mandatory checkbox. If Update is not selected, the DS user must upgrade
DSView software manually. See Updating Firmware later in this chapter for
more information.
When a DS user with an older version of the DS Management Software suite
logs into the system, the user will receive an upgrade prompt. Selecting Yes
will begin the upgrade process. If the upgrade is mandatory, DS users with
older versions of the DS Management Software suite will not be able to access
the system until the upgrade is performed.
Terminating a DSR appliance local port session
If the Enable checkbox has been selected in the DSAdmin System Settings, a
user with Administrator privileges may terminate a local port session.
To terminate a DSR appliance local port session:
1.
Select a port on a DSR appliance.
2.
From DSView, select File - Disconnect.
- or -
Chapter 4: Advanced Operations
39
Right-click and select Disconnect from the shortcut menu.
A message box will appear prompting you to disconnect the local
port session.
3.
Click Disconnect. Another message box will appear prompting for
verification that the current connection should be terminated.
4.
Click Yes to terminate the local port session.
Configuring SNMP trap logging
DSAuth may be configured to log enterprise (SNMP) traps sent by
DS appliances.
NOTE: SNMP trap logging cannot be enabled if SNMP services has not been installed.
All SNMP Traps are logged in the DS[mm][yy][dd].csv audit log file, where
[mm] is the month, [dd] is the day and [yy] is the year when log entries were
last added.
The audit log file contains the following columns:
•
DATE - Date of the log entry
•
TIME - Time the log entry was made
•
EVENT TYPE - Type of log entry, which is 9 SNMP_TRAP for SNMP traps
•
USERNAME - Username of the user who created the trap, or “Unknown
Username” if the username is not given
•
DEVICE_PORT - Displays the following for SNMP traps:
Appliance:[appliance name]::[appliance IP address]:
[community of the trap]
•
DESCRIPTION - Displays the following for SNMP traps:
[generic trap code]:[specific trap code]::[generic trap name]::
[specific description of trap]
See Appendix E for more information on SNMP traps.
To configure SNMP logging:
1.
From the DSAdmin menu, select Options - System Settings. The System
Settings dialog box will appear.
2.
Click the Enable SNMP Trap Log checkbox to log SNMP traps over UDP
port 161.
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3.
Enter the community of the traps you wish to log in the SNMP Trap
Community text field. The default community is public.
4.
In the Delete logfiles older than text field, specify the number of days to
keep the audit log file.
5.
Specify the pathname for the audit log file in the File Location text field.
6.
Click OK to save the settings and close the dialog box.
- or Click Cancel to exit the dialog box without saving.
Configuring the Event Log
The DS Management Software suite uses the DSAuth component’s functionality to log event information in a text file that may be audited at a later time.
Events logged by DSAuth include:
•
Failed DSAuth authentication attempts. (For example, the error message
Channel Blocked, insufficient right access may be output to the event log.)
•
Server power state changes
•
Appliance reboot requests
•
Appliance reFLASH
•
SNMP alerts defined by the appliance’s firmware
•
CPS authentication
When all software programs are installed, a modification to the event log of the
computer running DSAuth is required.
To configure the event log for use with Windows NT:
1. From the Start menu, select Programs - Administrative Tools
(Common) - Event Viewer. This will display the Event Viewer window.
2. From the Event Viewer window, select Log - Log Settings to display the
Event Log Settings window.
3. Select Overwrite Events as Needed and click the OK button.
To configure the event log for use with Windows 2000:
1. From the Start menu, select Settings - Control Panel to open the Control Panel.
2. Double-click on the Administrative Tools icon, then the Event Viewer icon.
Chapter 4: Advanced Operations
41
3. In the left viewer pane, click on Application Log and then choose
Action - Properties from the menu at the top of the window. This will activate the Application Log Properties window.
4. Select Overwrite Events as Needed and click OK.
Setting Up a DSAuth Server
DSAuth may be installed and configured on multiple computers to increase
system flexibility. For maximum security, a backup computer running DSAuth
may be added to an existing DS/DSR appliance installation.
The DS Management Software is designed to automatically determine the primary and backup DSAuth Server. However, you may choose to change these
settings at a later date.
To add a new DSAuth Server:
1. Load the DSView or DSAdmin software and select File - Select Authentication
Server to activate the Select Authentication Server dialog box.
2. Click the Add button on the right side of the dialog box.
3. You will be prompted for a name of the new server. You may enter it in the
provided dialog box or browse for it by clicking the Browse button.
4. You may also enter a backup DSAuth Server for the new server using the
same method in the provided field. If you do not wish to associate a backup,
leave the field blank.
5. Click OK to exit and save changes.
To delete a DSAuth Server:
1. Load the DSView or DSAdmin software and select File - Select Authentication Server to activate the Select Authentication Server dialog box.
2. Click on the server name that you wish to delete, then click Delete. This
will remove the primary/secondary pair.
To select an alternate DSAuth Server:
1. Load the DSView or DSAdmin software and select File - Select Authentication Server to activate the Select Authentication Server dialog box.
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2. Click on the primary/backup server pair that you wish to use and click OK.
If you select the Show on Startup box, you will be prompted to select a server
pair every time that you start the machine.
To add a backup DSAuth Server:
1. Install the DSAuth software on the PC that is going to be the new backup
DSAuth Server.
2. From the Start menu, select Settings - Control Panel and double-click on the
DS Auth Configuration icon. The DSAuth Configuration dialog box
will appear.
3. Select Backup Server and enter the name of the primary DSAuth Server in
the block provided.
4. When prompted, restart the Avocent Authentication Server service.
5. From the Start menu, select Settings - Control Panel and double-click on
the DS Auth Configuration icon on the primary DSAuth PC. The DSAuth
Configuration dialog box will appear.
6. Select Backup Server and change the name of the backup DSAuth Server to
the new name.
7. When prompted, restart the Avocent Authentication Server service.
8. From the Start menu, select Settings - Control Panel and double-click on
the DS Auth Configuration icon on the primary DSAuth PC. The DSAuth
Configuration dialog box will appear.
9. Click the Install Authentication Tokens button. This will issue new authorization tokens to all attached systems running the DSView Client, identify any communications issues that the system is having and provide an
opportunity to correct them.
To promote the backup DSAuth Server to primary:
1. From the Start menu, select Settings - Control Panel and double-click on the
DS Auth Configuration icon on the primary DSAuth PC. The DSAuth Configuration dialog box will appear.
Chapter 4: Advanced Operations
43
2. Within the dialog box, change the mode of operation to Backup Server
and enter the name of the primary DSAuth PC. When prompted, restart
the service.
3. From the Start menu, select Settings - Control Panel and double-click on
the DS Auth Configuration icon on the backup DSAuth PC. The DSAuth
Configuration dialog box will appear.
4. Within the dialog box, change the mode of operation to Primary Server and
enter the name of the backup DSAuth PC. When prompted, restart the service.
Forcing a full resynchronization
If the integrity of the DS topology view of the backup server should come into
question or if a PC is moved to control a different DS topology view, a full
resynchronization should be performed. This will force a check of all elements
and should only be performed when necessary as it consumes a great deal of
time and network bandwidth.
To force a full resynchronization:
1. From the Start menu, select Settings - Control Panel and double-click on the
DS Auth Configuration icon. The DSAuth Configuration dialog box
will appear.
2. Select your DSAuth backup server and select the Force Full
Resynchronization checkbox.
3. Click OK to begin the resynchronization.
Altering Settings in DSView
Under most circumstances, the DS Management Software will function
smoothly with the default settings. However, depending on your system, you
may wish to fine tune some aspects of its performance.
Changing your default desktop size and window scaling
There are occasions when you may wish to change the resolution on your
desktop to one resembling the host DS/DSR appliance.
To change your remote session window resolution:
1. Select Tools - Desktop from the command bar at the top of the remote
session window.
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DSView Installer/User Guide
2. Choose a resolution. Your desktop will be resized to the resolution specified. Repeat this command to return to your original resolution.
DSView also supports a user-defined default window size that is applied to
every software session.
To change the default window resolution:
1. From the Node Manager select File - Default Session Window Resolution.
2. Choose your default window size. Choosing None disables this feature.
Once a DS user with a default window size has connected to a port, additional
DS users will have their default displays overridden to match the first DS user.
This will prevent the first DS user’s display from being affected.
If the target device’s resolution changes any time during a session, the display
will be adjusted automatically.
Creating and Using Keyboard Macros
Since DSView is running on a PC, certain commands must be sent to the
controlled target device via keyboard macros. For example, pressing
Ctrl+Alt+Delete on your keyboard would reset the PC running DSView rather
than resetting the target device. To reset the target device, a macro is needed.
Your software comes with numerous sequences pre-configured for ease
of operation.
Local and Global Macros
Two kinds of macros are available:
•
Local Macros - Local macros are created on the local computer by selecting Tools - Keyboard -Macros in the DSView Client Node Manager window.
Local macros may be customized and grouped in any manner
you wish.
•
Global Macros - Global macros are created and maintained by DS users
with Administrator privileges by selecting Options - Keyboard Macros in
the DSAdmin window and are stored on the DSAuth Server. They cannot
be modified by non-administrative DS users. Global macros are also
stored on any backup servers that you have specified.
When a session is started, you may choose to use either local macros or global
macros and switch between using them at any time during the session. If you
choose to use local macros, the macros stored on the local computer will be
Chapter 4: Advanced Operations
45
used. If you choose to use global macros, a temporary copy of the global macro
file will be transferred to DSView from the DSAuth Server.
To use local macros, go to the DSView Client Node Manager window and
select Tools - Keyboard - Local Macros. To use global macros, go to the Node
Manager window in the DSView Client and select Tools - Keyboard - Global
Macros.
Displaying/editing macro selection buttons
You may access a list of local programmed keyboard macros by selecting
Tools - Keyboard - Macros from your Node Manager window. To access a
list of global programmed macros, select Tools - Keyboard - Macros from
your DSAuth window. Each programmed macro will have a checkbox by
it. Checked local macros or checked global macros will appear at the top of
remote session windows, depending on which have been chosen for use in the
Node Manager.
Figure 4.1: Keyboard Macro Configuration Dialog Box
Sending keyboard macros
You may send a macro command by either clicking on the macro buttons in
the remote session window or selecting it from the macro list and clicking the
Send button.
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Programming a keyboard macro
If you require a key sequence that is not pre-programmed into the DS/DSR
appliance, you may add a macro by performing the following steps.
To add a macro:
1. From the Node Manager window, select Tools - Keyboard - Macros to add a
local macro.
- or From the DSAuth window, select Options - Keyboard Macros to add a
global macro.
2. A menu will appear listing the currently available macros. Click on the Add
button in the upper right-hand corner.
3. The Keyboard Macro Configuration menu will appear.
4. Enter a unique description for the macro in the Macro Description field.
5. In the Double-click for Key Press list, double-click the first keystroke of
your macro. This will move the keystroke to the Double-click for Key
Release list.
6. If this key needs to be released before the next keystroke is entered, doubleclick the keystroke in the Double-click for Key Release list to move it to the
Macro Created list. If not, leave this key in the Double-click for Key Release
list at this time. Repeat step 5 with your next keystroke. When you have no
further keystrokes, proceed to step 7.
7. Now, double-click on the remaining commands, if any, under the Doubleclick for Key Release list in the order in which you’d like them released
to move them to the Macro Created list. The Macro Created list will now
show the key sequence in the exact order that it will be performed by the
system. There should be no keys remaining in the Double-click for Key
Release list.
8. If you are creating a local macro, click OK to save the macro to the
local computer.
- or If you are creating a global macro, click the Save button to save the macro
to the DSAuth Server and any defined backup servers.
Chapter 4: Advanced Operations
47
The macro will now appear in the macro list and also in the macro commands on every DS/DSR appliance’s window.
Example: creating a macro where the Ctrl key is held while F1-F2-F3
are typed:
1. Enter a name for the macro. In this case, Ctrl-F1-F2-F3.
Figure 4.2: Entering the Macro Name
2. The Ctrl key is pressed first and held, so double-click on the Left or Right
Ctrl keystroke under Double-click for Key Press. It will move to the second
list and the command Press [Left Ctrl] will appear in the third list.
3. F1, F2 and F3 are pressed and released in order. Locate F1 in the Doubleclick for Key Press list and double-click it. It will move to the second list
and the command Press [F1] will appear in the third list.
4. F1 will be released before F2 is pressed, so you will need to double-click
on F1 under the Double-click for Key Release list before proceeding. This
will create a Release <F1> command in the Macro Created list and F1 will
disappear from the second list.
Figure 4.3: Macros Appearing in the Third List
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DSView Installer/User Guide
5. Repeat steps 3 and 4 with F2 and F3.
6. The last step is to release the Ctrl key. Double-click on Left Ctrl in the middle
list. The command Release [Left Ctrl] will appear in the third list.
Figure 4.4: The Completed Macro
7. The keystrokes will be listed in correct order in the third list. Click OK to
accept the macro if you are creating a local macro, or Save if you are creating a global macro.
Macro groups
Since DSView may be used to access different computer platforms, users may
find it helpful to assign distinct macro groups to global macros or local macros
on individual systems.
To create a macro group:
1. From a remote session window, select Keyboard - Macro to activate the
Keyboard Macro Configuration dialog box to group local macros.
- or From a DSAuth window, select Options - Keyboard Macros to activate the
Keyboard Macro Configuration dialog box to group global macros.
2. The dialog box’s Macro Groups contains eight macro groups available
for configuration.
To assign a macro to a group:
1. Click on the macro name.
2. In the box labeled Macro Groups, select the groups to which you’d like to
have the macro assigned.
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To activate a macro group:
1. Select Keyboard - Toolbar Macro Set from the remote session window.
2. Select the macro group you wish to use.
The macros belonging to the group you selected will appear along the top of
the remote session window.
NOTE: These macros will override your default selections.
Changing Cursor Settings
When using the DS Management Software, your mouse pointer will change
shape when over a session window. You may change the appearance of this
second pointer or eliminate it from within the DSView software.
To change cursor settings:
1. From the Node Manager, select Tools - Settings - Cursor.
2. The Program Settings dialog box will appear. You may select an alternate cursor from the drop-down menu under the Cursor heading.
3. To see what the alternate cursor will look like, move your mouse pointer
over the area labeled Preview Area.
4. When you have selected a new cursor, click on the OK box at the bottom of
the dialog box.
To eliminate the local mouse pointer:
From DSView, select Tools - Local Mouse - Invisible.
When this option is selected, only the target device’s mouse pointer will be
visible. The local pointer may be temporarily restored by pressing Ctrl+Alt+m.
This keystroke sequence may be changed by selecting Tools - Settings - Mouse
Mode Control and entering a new sequence.
NOTE: When using a device that captures keystrokes before they reach the OS, you should avoid
using the keys that restore the mouse pointer.
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Adjusting Video Parameters
In some situations, DS users may wish to view several target devices at the
same time on the same screen.
In most cases, you will not need to alter the Video Settings from the default.
The system will automatically adjust and use the optimal video parameters.
DSView performs best when the video parameters are set such that no (zero)
video packets are transmitted for a static screen.
To automatically adjust video parameters:
You may easily adjust your video parameters by clicking on the Auto Adjust
Video button, which instructs the DS/DSR appliance to optimize the video to
ideal settings.
Auto Adjust
Video
Figure 4.5: The Auto Adjust Video Button
Customizing video parameters
DS users who wish to fine tune their video performance may do so by selecting Tools - Video - Manual Adjustments in the remote session window. This
displays the Video Adjustments dialog box. This dialog box will appear in one
of two ways, depending on whether you are using standard video compression
or the DSR DVC upgrade. See figures 4.6 and 4.7.
NOTE: The DSR DVC upgrade is standard on all newer DS/DSR appliances. Older DS/DSR
appliances use standard video compression. For DSR DVC upgrade purchase information, contact
Avocent Technical Support or your Avocent reseller.
Chapter 4: Advanced Options
Figure 4.6: Video Adjustments Dialog Box
(Standard Video Compression)
51
Figure 4.7: Video Adjustments Dialog Box
(DSR DVC Upgrade)
Modified video settings are written to the target device. Settings are also stored
per port/channel session on a system when they are made and saved so they
may be used during a non-shared session as follows:
•
If sharing is not enabled, the video settings made on the local DS/DSR
appliance during the session are used.
•
If sharing is enabled, video settings are read from the target device.
See Sharing a Device Session in Chapter 3 for more information on
session sharing.
Users may verify the level of packets per second required to support a static
screen by observing the packet rate which is located in the lower right-hand
corner of the dialog box.
The following sections describe the effects of the video adjustments. Clicking
OK after modifying any adjustment saves the changes.
Image position
If DSView and target device mouse cursors do not align exactly when you select
the Mouse - Align function, video centering may be needed using the Image
Position settings. Generally, only a few increments are required.
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DSView Installer/User Guide
To move the screen to the right, click the Up Arrow on the Left/Right setting.
Clicking the Down Arrow moves the image to the left. Similarly, the image may
be moved up and down. Moving the mouse into the remote session window
will show if the correction is complete. The point (hot spot) of both DSView
and the target device should be superimposed.
Image clarity
If the image in the remote session window is not clear, select Tools - Video
- Auto Adjust first. This command is also available in the Video Adjustments
dialog box. In most cases, this will correct video problems. In those cases
where clicking on Auto Adjust several times does not clear up a mottled
screen, adjusting the contrast and brightness may help.
First increase the brightness. Do not go more that 10 increments before
moving the contrast. Generally the contrast should not be moved much.
When the packet count gets close to zero, refresh the screen. If the packet
count stays at zero, the video adjustment is completed.
Detection thresholds
In some cases, noise in the video transmission keeps the packets/sec count
up. This may be seen when little dots change in the area of the cursor when
it is moved. Varying the threshold values may result in “quieter” screens and
improved cursor tracking.
Noise Threshold and Priority Threshold values may be modified if you are
using standard video compression. Block Noise Threshold and Pixel Noise
Threshold values may be modified if you are using the DSR DVC upgrade.
Default threshold values can be restored by clicking Auto Adjust Video.
NOTE: The DSR DVC upgrade is standard on all newer DS/DSR appliances. Older DS/DSR
appliances use standard video compression. For DSR DVC upgrade purchase information, contact
Avocent Technical Support or your Avocent reseller.
Chapter 4: Advanced Options
53
Noise Threshold and Priority Threshold (Standard Video
Compression)
The Noise Threshold and Priority Threshold values set the minimum levels in
terms of changed pixels per thousand that are allowed without updating the
video block. The thresholds are described below:
•
Raising the Noise Threshold will usually make the packets/sec count
decrease. The result will be larger cursor image artifacts remaining on the
screen. Decreasing the value will make the size of these artifacts smaller.
•
The Priority Threshold sets the level where a significant change is noted,
such as a new cursor position. Increasing the value will make the mouse
movements more sluggish. The Priority Threshold setting should always
be greater than the Noise Threshold setting, and usually two to three times
its value. Setting these thresholds to zero will cause a constant refresh of
the screen, which will make cursor tracking very difficult and may make
it difficult for other network users. The goal is to reduce the packet rate
to zero.
Block Noise Threshold and Pixel Noise Threshold
(DSR DVC Upgrade)
The Block Noise Threshold and Pixel Noise Threshold values set the minimum
color levels in terms of changed video blocks and pixels per thousand that are
allowed. See Setting the color depth in Chapter 3 for information on changing
the color depth of a remote session window. The thresholds are
described below:
•
The Block Noise Threshold sets the minimum color change that will occur
in a single video block. Increasing the value will reduce the network bandwidth. Decreasing the value will make the size of these artifacts smaller.
•
The Pixel Noise Threshold sets the minimum color change in a single
pixel. Decreasing the value will reduce the number of low-contrast artifacts, but will increase network bandwidth.
Image capture
The Width and Fine adjustments pertain to how the target video is captured
and digitized and are seldom changed.
The Width parameter is automatically changed by the Automatic Adjustment
function. A special image is required on the target in order to make accurate
adjustments independently.
The Fine setting may be adjusted up or down in eight unit increments.
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DSView Installer/User Guide
Video scaling
At times, a user may connect to a computer running at a higher resolution than
that configured at the user’s remote system. When this occurs, the host system
will be displayed in a DSView window with scroll bars. The host resolution will
remain the same and users may scroll to the areas that fall outside of the frame.
If a user wishes to display the host system’s entire screen, it may be scaled to
fit within the current resolution with the scaling tools.
Mouse alignment
Because DSView cannot get constant feedback from the mouse, there are times
when the mouse on the DS appliance system may lose sync with the mouse on
the host system. When this occurs, users may resync the mouse by clicking on
the Mouse Align button. In most cases, this will correct the problem.
Mouse Align
Figure 4.8: The Mouse Align Button
Updating Firmware
The firmware on attached DS appliances may be updated using File - Update
Firmware. All DS appliances of the same model type may be updated at the
same time. To update a different DS appliance model, you will need to perform
the following process again when the current model update is completed.
NOTE: When updating the CPS810 or CPS1610 appliances, application image updates must
be performed prior to boot image updates.
Chapter 4: Advanced Options
55
To update firmware:
1. Select File - Update Firmware from the DSAdmin main menu. The Appliance Firmware Update dialog box appears.
2. In the spaces provided, enter the filename of the update firmware and
the IP address of the TFTP server where it is stored. Alternately, you may
browse for the file by clicking the Browse button.
3. Select the DS appliance type that you wish to upgrade from the Select Appliance type drop-down menu. All available DS appliances will be listed in the
Appliance Selection area of the dialog box.
4. Click on the appliances you wish to upgrade and use the add (>) button to
move them to the list on the right.
5. Click the Update button to complete the upgrade.
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Appendices
Contents
Appendix A: Technical Support . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .59
Appendix B: TCP Ports . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .60
Appendix C: Telnet Operations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .65
Appendix D: Terminal Emulation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .83
Appendix E: Setting SNMP Traps . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .96
Appendix F: Menus and Commands . . . . . . . . . . . . . .97
Appendix G: Glossary . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .100
Appendices
59
Appendices
Appendix A: Technical Support
Our Technical Support staff is ready to assist you with any installation or
operating issues you encounter with your Avocent product. If an issue should
develop, follow the steps below for the fastest possible service:
1.
Check the pertinent section of the manual to see if the issue may be
resolved by following the procedures outlined.
2.
Check our web site at www.avocent.com/support to search the knowledge
base or use the on-line service request.
3.
Call Avocent Technical Support for assistance at (888) 793-8763. Visit the
Avocent web site at http://www.avocent.com/support and click on Support
Phone Numbers for current phone support hours.
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Appendix B: TCP Ports
When the DSView Client is launched, the Node Manager will become active.
Node Manager will attempt to establish a Security Support Provider Interface
(SSPI) Messenger Class session using TCP/IP over port 2068 to the DSAuth
Server (Authentication Service). First, Node Manager will use the current NT/
2000 cached credentials to establish the session. If the cached credentials have
the proper permissions, the browse list is returned from the DSAuth Server
over TCP/IP port 2068. Note that the DSView Client caches this list. Using the
refresh option will update the list from the DSAuth Server. If the session is
refused using the cached credentials, a pop-up dialog box will prompt for the
proper username and password.
DSAuth Server
TCP/IP
Avocent
Authentication
Service
Avocent
Service
Port 8191
TCP/IP
Port 2068
TCP/IP
Port 8192
DSView
Client
DSAdmin
Client
Remote User
Figure B.1: SSPI Messenger Class Session Establishment
Appendices
61
After the browse list is returned to Node Manager, the user may double-click
on a specific port to initiate a KVM session with that port on the DS appliance.
The DSView Client contacts the DSAuth Server, which checks the permissions
on the port again. If the logged user has permissions to the port selected, the
DSAuth Server will establish a connection to the DS appliance using TCP/IP
port 8191. The DSAuth Server then tells the appliance to listen to port 8192 for
a DSView connection.
For debugging purposes, the details of this connection may be seen by using
the console port to place the DS appliance into debug mode.
DSAuth Server
TCP/IP
Avocent
Authentication
Service
Avocent
Service
Port 8191
DS Appliance
TCP/IP
Port 2068
TCP/IP
Port 8192
DSView
Client
DSAdmin
Client
Remote User
Figure B.2: Establishing Connection to a DS Unit
The DSView Client establishes a TCP/IP session with the appliance over the
TCP/IP port 8192. The DSAuth Server will establish a connection to the DS
appliance using TCP/IP port 8191. The DSAuth Server then communicates
to the appliance to listen to port 8192 for a DSView connection. All communication between the DS appliance and the DSView Client takes place over
TCP/IP port 8192 until the DSView Client closes the session.
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DSView Installer/User Guide
DSAuth Server
TCP/IP
Avocent
Authentication
Service
Avocent
Service
Port 8191
DS Appliance
TCP/IP
Port 2068
TCP/IP
Port 8192
DSView
Client
DSAdmin
Client
Remote User
Figure B.3: DSView Client Establishing a Session with a DS Unit
If the DSView user wishes to establish a session with another port on the DS
appliance, the same process is used.
DSAuth Server
TCP/IP
Avocent
Authentication
Service
Avocent
Service
Port 8191
DS Appliance
TCP/IP
TCP/IP
TCP/IP
Port 2068
Port 2068
TCP/IP
Port 8190
Port 8192
TCP/IP
Port 8192
DSView
Client
DSAdmin
Client
DS Appliance
Remote User
Figure B.4: Establishing a Session with an Additional DS Unit Port
Appendices
63
DSAdmin functions similarly to the DSView Client. It establishes a connection using TCP/IP port 2068, and uses the same process for authentication and
return of the browse list. Changes made to the browse list through DSAdmin
are transmitted back to the DSAuth Server using TCP/IP port 8190. After the
changes are made, DSAdmin refreshes its browse list view over the TCP/IP
port 2068 connection.
When the backup Authentication Service is active, it communicates with the
Primary Authentication Service via TCP port 8193. Changes to the topology are
copied to and from the Primary over this port.
DSAuth Server
Avocent
Authentication
Service
TCP/IP
Port 2068
DSView
Client
Avocent
Service
TCP/IP
Port 8190
DSAdmin
Client
Remote User
Figure B.5: DSAdmin Client Functionality
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DSView Installer/User Guide
DSAuth Server
TCP/IP
Avocent
Authentication
Service
Avocent
Service
Port 8191
DS Appliance
TCP/IP
Port 2068
TCP/IP
Port 8192
TCP/IP
Port 8192
DSView
Client
DS Appliance
Remote User
Figure B.6: Full Diagram
DSAdmin
Client
Appendices
65
Appendix C: Telnet Operations
DSView ships bundled with a built-in proprietary Telnet application that
provides features unavailable in many other Telnet programs. These features
include configurable session properties tailored for each device, and configurable user preferences for all sessions.
Additionally, DSView Telnet offers a separate history mode to review session
data, a choice of connection modes to a DS appliance, a scripting function for
automatic device login and a logging function for saving session data to a file.
You may use DSView Telnet to access any DSView device that supports Telnet
connections, as well as DS appliance ports.
If you do not specify a communications application for a device, DSView
uses the DSView Telnet application by default. See the installer/user guide
for your DS appliance for information about setting and changing the
default application.
DSView Telnet screen
The title bar at the top of the screen displays the name of the device to which
you are connected. If you are connected to a port on a device, the title bar displays the device name followed by the port number and port name.
The status bar at the lower left corner of the screen indicates Connected when
you are operating in normal terminal emulation mode during a Telnet session.
When you are in the history mode, the status bar indicates ESC to return to
terminal mode. When you are logging, the status bar indicates Logging or Logging Paused as appropriate.
The lower right corner of the status bar contains an icon that, when clicked,
activates the console application, bringing it to the foreground. With this feature, you may access the console tree view without having to close the
Telnet session.
Each toolbar icon has a tooltip that appears when you rest the mouse pointer on
the icon without clicking.
Security property
The Telnet security property specifies whether Telnet sessions to a DS appliance will be in Plain Text mode or SSL mode.
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In Plain Text mode, all data is sent unencrypted to the DS appliance. When
Plain Text mode is used, any Telnet application that supports VT52, VT100,
VT100+, VT102, VT220, VT320 or ASCII terminal emulation may be used to
access the DS appliance.
In SSL mode, all data sent to the device during the DSView Telnet session is
DES encrypted. The DS appliance supports anonymous Diffie-Hellman key
exchange. The exchange of certificates for authentication is not supported.
When SSL mode is used, only the built-in DSView Telnet application may be
used to access the DS appliance. The ports on a DS appliance have the same
security property as the device.
The security property is set in DSView and in the DS appliance from the Command Line Interface (CLI). When you initiate access to a DS appliance or port
via Telnet from DSView, DSView attempts to read the security property directly
from the DS appliance.
If the SSL property has not been enabled on the DS appliance, and DSView
receives confirmation from the DS appliance, DSView will automatically open
its built-in Telnet application and you will be prompted for a DS appliance
username and password.
After that information has been entered, an SSL connection to the DS appliance
is established over TCP port 8192. When that connection is established, the DS
appliance validates the user’s access privileges and port availability. In this case,
the Telnet property screen in DSView for that DS appliance will automatically be
set to SSL values, even if they previously held Plain Text mode values. The
property screen will be disabled, and you will not be allowed to change any of its
values. The DSView database will be updated with the information read from
the DS appliance.
If DSView does not receive a reply from the DS appliance, it will use the security mode settings in the DSView database. In this case, the Telnet property
screen in DSView for that DS appliance will show the database values, and you
will be able to change them.
Setting the security property
The security property that is set when a DS appliance is added to the DSView
database depends on the method being used to add the device.
If the Run New Device Install wizard method is used, you are prompted to
select the security mode. It should match the DS appliance Server Security
Mode value that was set via the DS appliance CLI.
Appendices
67
- or If the Discover Configured Devices method is used, the security value that is
reported by the DS appliance is used.
- or When the Manually Add a Device method is used, a default value of Plain Text
is used.
If a discrepancy occurs between the configuration of the DS appliance and
DSView, the determining factor will be whether DSView is able to communicate with the DS appliance. If possible, the DS appliance settings will overrule
any security settings in the DSView database. However, if DSView cannot communicate with the DS appliance, DSView will use the current information from
its own database.
To configure DSView Telnet for SSL mode:
1.
In the DSView tree view, select a DS appliance.
2.
Select View - Properties from the menu bar.
3.
Click the Telnet tab. DSView will attempt to access the DS appliance.
4.
The Properties dialog box appears. If the SSL security mode has been
set on the DS appliance, and DSView successfully accesses that device,
the DSView Telnet properties are automatically updated with SSL mode
information, and then disabled.
Opening and closing a session
A DSView Telnet session is opened from DSView.
To open a DSView Telnet session with a DS appliance:
1.
In the DSView tree view, select a DS appliance.
2.
Select Device - Configure from the menu bar.
- or Click the Launch Telnet to configure ... icon in the toolbar.
To open a DSView Telnet session with a DS appliance port:
1.
In the DSView tree view, select a DS appliance.
2.
Select Device - Connect in the menu bar.
- or Double-click on a port.
- or Press Enter after selecting a port.
- or Click the Connect to the ... attached device icon in the toolbar.
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To open a DSView Telnet session with a target device:
1.
In the DSView tree view, select a generic device.
2.
Select Device - Telnet from the menu bar.
- or Click the Launch Telnet to the selected device icon in the toolbar.
To close a DSView Telnet session:
Select Telnet - Exit from the menu bar.
To activate DSView from the DSView Telnet application:
Click the DSView icon in the lower right corner of the display.
Customizing the application
You may specify preferences for the DSView Telnet application that will be
used for every session, regardless of the device to which you connect. These
application preferences are entered from the DSView Telnet display when you
are connected to a device or port. After the preferences are entered, they are
applied to devices/ports during subsequent DSView Telnet sessions.
Changing colors
You may change the background color and text color on the DSView Telnet
screen at any time.
To change the DSView Telnet window background color:
1.
Select Options - Preferences from the menu bar.
2.
In the Colors panel, click the Background/Normal Mode box, and choose a
color. The default value is blue.
To change the DSView Telnet text color:
1.
Select Options - Preferences from the menu bar.
2.
In the Colors panel, click the Text/Normal Mode box, and choose a color.
The default value is white.
Changing the cursor
You may specify whether the cursor (caret) on the DSView Telnet screen
appears as an underline or as a block.
To change the DSView Telnet cursor appearance:
1.
Select Options - Preferences from the menu bar.
Appendices
2.
69
In the Caret list, choose Block to display the cursor as a block or choose
Underline to display the cursor as an underline. The default value
is Underline.
Enabling and disabling the exit warning prompt
When the exit warning prompt is enabled, a message appears when you select
Telnet - Exit. You may then choose to exit or continue the session. When disabled, the session closes without further prompting.
To enable/disable an exit warning prompt for DSView
Telnet sessions:
1.
Select Options - Preferences from the menu bar.
2.
Enable or disable the Prompt on Exit checkbox. The default value
is enabled.
Customizing session properties
When you are connected to a device or port using DSView Telnet, you may
specify session properties that will be stored and reused every time you connect
to the selected device or port. When you select Options - Session Properties in
DSView Telnet, the Terminal, Login Scripts and Logging tabs appear.
Changing the terminal window size
The Terminal Size lists specify the number of rows and columns to display in
the virtual terminal window. These values determine the window’s height
and width.
To change the DSVIew Telnet terminal window size:
1.
Select Options - Session Properties from the menu bar.
- or Click the Session Settings icon in the toolbar.
2.
Click the Terminal tab.
3.
In the Rows list, choose a value of 24 or 48. The default value is 24.
4.
In the Columns list, choose a value of 80 or 132. The default value is 80.
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Changing the terminal emulation mode
You may set the DSView Telnet application to emulate ASCII, VT100, VT100+,
VT102, VT52, VT220 or VT320 terminals, depending on the connected device.
Appendix D contains encoding and decoding information for each of the terminal emulation types.
To change the DSView Telnet terminal emulation mode:
1.
Select Options - Session Properties from the menu bar.
- or Click the Session Settings icon in the toolbar.
2.
Click the Terminal tab.
3.
From the Terminal Emulation list, choose one option: ASCII, VT100,
VT100+, VT102, VT52, VT220 or VT320. The default value is VT100.
NOTE: When connecting to a DS appliance, the terminal type setting must match the terminal
emulation type.
Changing Arrow key sequences
When the terminal emulation mode is VT100, VT100+, VT102, VT52, VT220 or
VT320, you may specify either VT100 or ANSI Arrow key sequences. The following table lists the Arrow keys and the sequences transmitted for each.
Arrow Key Sequences
Key
VT100
ANSI
VT52 *
Up Arrow
<Esc> [A
<Esc> OA
<Esc> A
Down Arrow
<Esc> [B
<Esc> OB
<Esc> B
Right Arrow
<Esc> [C
<Esc> OC
<Esc> C
Left Arrow
<Esc> [D
<Esc> OD
<Esc> D
* When the terminal emulation mode is VT52, the Arrow keys are interpreted as indicated in
this column, regardless of the value in the Arrow Keys list.
To change the DSView Telnet Arrow key sequences:
1.
Select Options - Session Properties from the menu bar.
- or Click the Session Settings icon in the toolbar.
2.
Click the Terminal tab.
Appendices
3.
71
In the Arrow Keys list, choose either VT100 or ANSI. The default value
is VT100.
Changing the terminal type
The terminal type is used during Telnet session negotiation. You may change
this value at any time.
To change the terminal type:
1.
Select Options - Session Properties from the menu bar.
- or Click the Session Settings icon in the toolbar.
2.
Click the Terminal tab.
3.
In the Terminal Type box, enter a value of up to 40 characters, beginning
with a letter and ending with a letter or digit. Valid characters are the letters
A-Z, digits Ø-9, forward slash, dash, left parenthesis and right parenthesis.
NOTE: When you are connected to a DS appliance, the terminal type must be entered in the
Terminal Type field exactly as shown below for each terminal emulation mode:
Terminal Emulation
Terminal Type
VT52
DEC-VT52
VT100
DEC-VT100
VT100+
DEC-VT100
VT102
DEC-VT102
VT220
DEC-VT220
VT320
DEC-VT320
Changing the linefeed settings
When connecting to devices that do not insert a carriage return in incoming
or outgoing data, you may instruct DSView to automatically insert a line after
each line of data. This prevents overwriting data when a new line is received.
To change the linefeed settings:
1.
Select Options - Session Properties from the menu bar.
- or Click the Session Settings icon in the toolbar.
2.
Click the Terminal tab.
3.
If the New Line Mode - Inbound box is checked, an inbound carriage
return from the device will be treated as if both a carriage return and
a linefeed were received. If not checked, a linefeed is not added to an
inbound carriage return.
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If the New Line Mode - Outbound box is checked, an outbound carriage
return to the device will always be followed by a linefeed character. If not
checked, a linefeed is not sent with a carriage return. The default value is
disabled for inbound and outbound.
Enabling and disabling line wrap
When line wrap is enabled, characters wrap onto the next line when a new
character is received and the cursor is at the end of the line. When disabled,
new characters will overwrite the last character on the current line when the
cursor is at the end of the line.
To enable/disable line wrap:
1.
Select Options - Session Properties from the menu bar.
- or Click the Session Settings icon in the toolbar.
2.
Click the Terminal tab.
3.
Enable or disable the Auto Wrap Line checkbox. The default value
is enabled.
Enabling and disabling local echo
When you are connected to a device that does not repeat or echo the data that
you type, you may enable local echo mode. Otherwise, DSView Telnet will not
display the text you type. However, if you are connected to a device that echoes
data, and you are in local echo mode, all of the data you type will appear on
your terminal twice.
To enable/disable local echo:
1.
Select Options - Session Properties from the menu bar.
- or Click the Session Settings icon in the toolbar.
2.
Click the Terminal tab.
3.
Enable or disable the Local Echo checkbox. The default value is disabled.
Enabling and disabling 7-bit ASCII
When you are connected to a device that requires transmission of 7-bit ASCII,
you may instruct DSView Telnet to strip the eighth bit of every character that is
sent and received.
Appendices
73
To enable/disable 7-bit ASCII:
1.
Select Options - Session Properties from the menu bar.
- or Click the Session Settings icon in the toolbar.
2.
Click the Terminal tab.
3.
Enable or disable the Strip 8th Bit checkbox. The default value is disabled.
Login scripts
The DSView Telnet application has a login scripting function that enables you
to automatically log in to a device. A login script is built with a sequence of
expect and send strings, and initial transmission characters that work with
them. To use a login script, you must enable automatic login in a checkbox.
The first Initial character (that is, the first entry in the Initial character
column) specifies what is sent to the device as soon as the Telnet session
is established. This is selected from a list containing the choices: None, CR
(carriage return), CR+LF (carriage return and linefeed), ESC (Escape) and
CTRL+P (Control and P).
The first Expect string indicates what the device will send as its first prompt.
The first Send string indicates what the login script will send to the device after
it receives the first Expect string.
You may then build additional Expect and Send strings according to what the
particular device will prompt for and what will be sent in response.
To build a login script and enable/disable automatic login:
1.
Select Options - Session Properties from the menu bar.
- or Click the Session Settings icon in the toolbar.
2.
Click the Login Scripts tab.
3.
Enable or disable the Automate Login checkbox. The default value
is disabled.
4.
In the Initial Character list, select one option: CR (carriage return),
CR+LF (carriage return and linefeed), ESC (Escape), CTRL+P (Control+P
sequence, Ø x 10 in hex) or None (no initial transmission character).
5.
In the Expect box, type the 1-32 alphanumeric character string that you
expect from the device. Spaces are allowed.
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6.
In the Send box, type the Ø-32 alphanumeric character string that you
wish to send in response to the Expect string. Spaces are allowed, and a
blank field is valid. A CR or CR+LF is appended to the string, based on the
New Line Mode - Outbound setting.
7.
Repeat the Expect and Send entries as needed, to a maximum of four each.
Telnet history mode
The DSView Telnet history mode enables you to view the history of a current DSView Telnet session. You may navigate to various parts of the history
buffer by clicking menu selections or tools, or by pressing Arrow keys. You
may configure the maximum size of the history buffer, and customize the
background and text colors of the history mode display.
While you are in history mode, new incoming data is buffered, but it will not
be displayed until you exit history mode. You may not enter outgoing data.
The status bar in the lower left area of the display will show ESC to return to
terminal mode.
To enter DSView Telnet history mode:
Select View - History from the menu bar.
- or Click the History icon in the toolbar.
To exit DSView Telnet history mode:
Press the Esc key.
- or Click the History icon in the toolbar.
To go to the beginning of the DSVIew Telnet history:
Select View - Goto Beginning from the menu bar.
- or Click the double-left-arrow icon in the toolbar.
To go to the end of the DSView Telnet history:
Select View - Goto End from the menu bar.
- or Click the double-right-arrow icon in the toolbar.
Appendices
75
To move up (back) one page in the DSView Telnet history:
Select View - Previous Page from the menu bar.
- or Click the left-arrow-and-bar icon in the toolbar.
To move down (forward) one page in the DSView Telnet history:
Select View - Next Page from the menu bar.
- or Click the right-arrow-and-bar icon in the toolbar.
To move back or forward one line in the DSView Telnet history:
Press the Left Arrow (for back) or Right Arrow (for forward) on your keyboard.
To change the maximum number of lines in the DSView Telnet
history buffer:
1.
Select Options - Session Properties from the menu bar.
- or Click the Session Settings icon in the toolbar.
2.
Click the Terminal tab.
3.
In the History Buffer Size box, type a value from 1-1000. The default value
is 250.
To change the background color for DSView Telnet history mode:
1. Select Options - Preferences from the menu bar.
2. In the Colors panel, click the Background/History Mode box and select
a color. The default color is dark cyan.
To change the text color for DSView Telnet history mode:
1. Select Options - Preferences from the menu bar.
2. In the Colors section, click the Text/History Mode box and select a color.
The default color is white.
Macros
The DSView Telnet application has a macro function that allows you to create
and use macros during Telnet sessions. A macro comprises a series of keystrokes that you define. Additionally, you may specify a hotkey in the macro’s
definition. When you define a macro and enable its inclusion in the Macros
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DSView Installer/User Guide
menu, you may execute the macro during a Telnet session either by selecting
it from the Macros menu or by pressing the defined hotkey on your keyboard.
You may also define one or more macro groups, then add macros to the
groups. A macro may belong to more than one macro group; however, a
macro does not have to belong to a macro group. The Session Properties Terminal screen contains a list of defined macro groups from which you may
select one group or all defined groups. The macros in the selected group(s) are
then available for use during subsequent Telnet sessions with that device/port.
After defining a macro or a macro group, you may edit or delete it at any time.
When you delete a macro or macro group, you are prompted for confirmation.
When you change a macro group name, each macro belonging to the changed
macro group is updated, but the change is not visible until the next Telnet
session is established. When you delete a macro group, you delete only its
name - the individual macros in the group are not affected.
To create a macro:
1. Select Macros - Configure from the menu bar. The Macros dialog box appears.
2. Click the Create button. The Create Macro/Edit Macro dialog box appears.
3. Type a 1-32 character name in the Name field.
4. To define a hotkey for the macro, choose one from the Key list. To add a
modifier to the hotkey, check the Control, Shift or Alt boxes.
5. By default, the Include in Macro Menu box is checked, indicating the macro
will appear in the Macros menu. If you do not wish to include the macro
in the Macros menu, uncheck this box. In this case, if the macro definition
includes a hotkey, you will still be able to use the hotkey to run the macro,
even if the macro’s name does not appear in the Macros menu.
6. Type the macro string in the Enter Keystrokes box. For non-printing and
special character code sequences, use the following escape sequences:
Carriage return: \n
Tab: \t
Hexadecimal code sequence: \Øx<NN>, where <NN> is the hexadecimal
byte Delay character (500 ms): \d
7. To add the macro to an existing macro group, click the Include Macro
checkbox next to the macro group name in the Macro Groups table. To
create a new macro group, see To create a macro group.
Appendices
77
8. Click the OK button. This returns you to the Macros dialog box, and the
newly created macro appears in the Defined Macros table.
9. Click the Close button.
To edit an existing macro:
1. Select Macros - Configure from the menu bar. The Macros dialog box appears.
2. Select a macro. Click the Edit button. The Create Macro/Edit Macro dialog
box appears.
3. Edit the macro properties as needed and then click the OK button.
To delete a macro:
1. Select Macros - Configure from the menu bar. The Macros dialog box appears.
2. Select the macro in the Defined Macros table and then click the Delete
button. A dialog box appears, prompting you to confirm the deletion.
To execute a macro:
Select the macro from the Macros menu.
- or If the macro’s definition includes a hotkey, press the hotkey or
hotkey sequence.
- or Select Macros - Configure from the menu bar. The Macros dialog box appears.
Then select the macro in the Defined Macros table and click the Run button.
To create a macro group:
1. Select Macros - Configure from the menu bar. The Macros dialog box appears.
2. Click the Create button. The Create Macro/Edit Macro dialog box appears.
3. Click the Create button in the Macro Groups tab. A new row in the Macro
Groups list appears.
4. Position the cursor in the Group Name column of the new row and enter
the new group name. Duplicate macro group names are not allowed.
Press Enter.
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DSView Installer/User Guide
To enable a macro group for use during Telnet sessions:
1. Select Options - Session Properties from the menu bar.
- or Click the Session Settings icon in the toolbar.
2. Click the Terminal tab.
3. Select a macro group name from the Macro Groups list, or select All, which
will make all macros in all groups available for use.
To delete a macro group:
1. Select Macros - Configure from the menu bar. The Macros dialog box appears.
2. Click the Create button. The Create Macro/Edit Macro dialog box appears.
3. Select the macro group name. To select multiple macro group names, press
the Shift key while clicking.
4. Click the Delete button in the Macro Groups tab. When the dialog box
appears, confirm the deletion.
Logging
The DSView Telnet application has a logging function that saves the contents
of a Telnet session to a file. You may enable automatic logging or dynamically
start logging at any time. Additionally, you may pause, resume and stop logging, regardless of whether it was started automatically or dynamically.
While logging is occurring or when it is paused, a Logging Status label
appears in the status panel at the bottom of the DSView Telnet window.
NOTE: When you enable or disable automatic logging, the logging will begin or end at the start
of the next DSView Telnet session to that device. If you change the default log file directory used
for automatic logging, the change does not take effect until the next session to that device.
Log files
The format of log filenames is shown below, where <mmddyy> represents the
month, day and year, and <hhmmss> represents the current hour, minute and
second in military time:
avtelnet<mmddyy>_<hhmmss>.log
Appendices
79
The default log directory is session-specific, that is, each Telnet session may
have its own location for storing logfiles. You may change the name of the file
and the location of the directory that stores the logfiles. If you do not change
the default directory, logfiles are stored in your home directory.
You may view a log file at any time, using a standard text editor. The screen
buffer is written to the log file when the buffer is full, or when logging is paused
or stopped. To ensure the log file is up-to-date, either pause or stop the logging.
To change the default log file directory:
1.
Select Options - Session Properties from the menu bar.
- or Select the Session Settings icon in the toolbar.
2.
Click the Logging tab. The Default Directory field displays the current
default location for logfiles.
3.
Click the Browse button. The Set Directory dialog box appears.
4.
Select a directory from the Look in list.
- or Create a new directory:
a.
Click the Create New Folder button. A new directory named New
Folder appears in the directory list.
b.
Click the New Folder entry in the directory list to highlight it. Then,
click the entry again to edit its name. Type in a new name. Press
Enter. The directory appears in alphabetical order in the directory list.
c.
Select the newly-created directory in the directory list. The File name
field will now contain the name of the new directory.
5.
Click the Set Directory button to select the newly-created or selected
directory as the default log file directory. The Set Directory dialog box
will close.
6.
The Default Directory field now contains the name of the newly-created
or selected directory. Click OK to save the new information.
- or Click Cancel to exit the dialog box without saving any new information.
To enable automatic logging:
1.
Select Options - Session Properties from the menu bar.
- or Click the Session Settings icon in the toolbar.
2.
Click the Logging tab.
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DSView Installer/User Guide
3.
Enable the Logging checkbox.
4.
The Default Directory field displays the current default location for
logfiles. If that is the desired directory, click OK. If you wish to change the
default log file directory, see To change the default log file directory.
Automatic logging will begin when you initiate the next DSView Telnet session
to that device. At that time, the Logging Status label will indicate Logging.
To disable automatic logging:
1.
Select Options - Session Properties from the menu bar.
- or Click the Session Settings icon in the toolbar.
2.
Click the Logging tab.
3.
Disable the Logging checkbox.
4.
Click OK.
Automatic logging will stop when you initiate the next DSView Telnet session
to that device. When logging stops, the Logging Status label disappears.
To start dynamic logging:
1.
Select Options - Logging - Start from the menu bar. The Log dialog
box appears.
2.
The Look in list contains the default log fi le directory and the File name
field contains the default log fi lename. Using this fi lename format is
recommended; however, you may change it for the duration of this
DSView Telnet session. If you choose to use the default log fi lename, skip
to step 4.
3.
To change the default log filename for the duration of the dynamic logging
session, you may select a directory from the Look in list. The directory list
may contain directories and files. To create a new directory:
a.
Click the Create New Folder button. A new directory named New
Folder appears in the directory list.
b.
Click the New Folder entry in the directory list to highlight it. Then
click the entry again to edit its name. Type in a new name. Press
Enter. The directory appears in alphabetical order in the directory list.
c.
Double-click the newly-created directory in the directory list. The File
name field will now contain the name of the new directory.
d.
Type a new filename in the File name field. If you enter a filename
that already exists, the new file will overwrite the old file.
Appendices
4.
81
Click Log to confirm the directory selection and begin logging.
- or Click Cancel to exit the dialog box and cancel the request to start logging.
When logging begins, the Logging Status label will indicate Logging.
To pause logging:
Select Options - Logging - Pause from the menu bar. The Logging Status label
will change to Logging Paused.
To resume logging:
Select Options - Logging - Resume from the menu bar. The Logging Status
label will change to Logging.
To stop logging:
Select Options - Logging - Stop from the menu bar. The Logging Status label
will disappear.
Copying, pasting and printing session data
In DSView Telnet you may:
•
Copy a screen of DSView Telnet session data to the system clipboard
•
Copy the DSView Telnet history buffer contents to the system clipboard
•
Paste the contents of the system clipboard into a DSView Telnet session
•
Print a screen of DSView Telnet session data
•
Print a screen of DSView Telnet session history data
Information that is copied from a DSView Telnet session may be pasted in
other applications. Similarly, information copied from other applications may
be pasted into a DSView Telnet session.
NOTE: Only textual data may be copied and pasted in the DSView Telnet.
To copy a DSView Telnet screen:
Select Options - Copy Screen from the menu bar.
- or Click the Copy Screen icon in the toolbar.
The screen contents are saved to the system clipboard. You may then paste the
clipboard contents into this or another application.
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DSView Installer/User Guide
To copy DSView Telnet session history data:
1.
Select View - History from the menu bar.
- or Click the History icon in the toolbar.
2.
Select Options - Copy Screen from the menu bar.
- or Click the Copy Screen icon in the toolbar.
The entire contents of the history buffer are copied to the system clipboard.
You may then paste the clipboard contents into this or another application.
NOTE: The entire history buffer is copied to the system clipboard, regardless of the amount of
data in it.
To paste system clipboard contents:
1.
Place textual data on the system clipboard, using a text editor or
other application.
2.
Initiate a DSView Telnet session.
3.
At the point where you wish to paste the clipboard contents, select
Options - Paste from the menu bar.
- or Click the Paste icon in the toolbar.
To print a DSView Telnet screen:
1.
Select Options - Print Screen from the menu bar.
- or Click the Print Screen icon in the toolbar.
2.
The operating system’s print dialog box appears. Make the appropriate
settings. The screen contents will then be sent to the printer.
To print a screen of DSView Telnet session history data:
1.
Select View - History from the menu bar.
- or Click the History icon in the toolbar.
2.
Select Options - Print Screen from the menu bar.
- or Click the Print Screen icon in the toolbar.
3.
The operating system’s print dialog box appears. Make the appropriate
settings. The screen contents will then be sent to the printer.
Appendices
83
Appendix D: Terminal Emulation
This appendix contains information about the keys, sequences, encoding and
decoding for the DS Management Software terminal emulation modes. Encode
refers to how the Client application processes typed keys. Decode refers to how
the Client application processes data coming from the target device.
VT terminal emulation
The following table lists the VT key and keypad numeric codes. Avocent
encodes all applicable keys as numeric; decoding is not supported.
VT Key and Keypad Numeric Codes
Key
Keypad Numeric Code
Ø
Ø
1
1
2
2
3
3
4
4
5
5
6
6
7
7
8
8
9
9
- (dash)
- (dash)
, (comma)
, (comma)
. (period)
. (period)
Enter
Same as Return key
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DSView Installer/User Guide
VT100+ terminal emulation
The VT100+ emulation mode provides compatibility with the Microsoft headless server EMS serial port interface. DSView Telnet VT100+ terminal emulation works identically to VT100, with the exception of support for the function
keys listed in the following table.
VT100+ Function Key Support
Function
Sequence
Function
Sequence
Home
<Esc> h
F4 **
<Esc> 4
End
<Esc> k
F5
<Esc> 5
Insert
<Esc> +
F6
<Esc> 6
Delete *
<Esc> -
F7
<Esc> 7
Page Up
<Esc> ?
F8
<Esc> 8
Page Down
<Esc> /
F9
<Esc> 9
F1 **
<Esc> 1
F10
<Esc> Ø
F2 **
<Esc> 2
F11
<Esc> !
F3 **
<Esc> 3
F12
<Esc> @
* ASCII, VT100 and VT102 modes send hex 7F when the Delete key is pressed.
** VT100 and VT102 modes map the F1 through F4 keys to the PF1 through PF4 keys.
VT102 terminal emulation
VT102 terminal emulation works identically to VT100 with additional support
for decoding receive codes as described in the following table.
VT102 Receive Codes
VT102 Receive Code
Action
Delete Character (DHC)
Deletes n characters starting with the character at the current
cursor position, and moves all remaining characters left n
positions. n spaces are inserted at the right margin.
Insert Line (IL)
Inserts n lines at the line where the cursor is currently positioned.
Lines displayed below the cursor position move down. Lines
moved past the bottom margin are lost.
Delete Line (DL)
Deletes n lines starting with the line where the cursor is currently
positioned. As lines are deleted, lines below the cursor position
move up.
Appendices
85
VT100 terminal emulation
The following table lists the VT100 special key and control (Ctrl) key combinations and indicates Avocent encoding/decoding support, where Yes = supported and No = not supported.
VT100 Special Keys and Control Keys
Keys
Hex Code
Function Mnemonic
Encode/Decode
Return
ØD
CR
Yes/Yes
Linefeed
ØA
LF
Yes/Yes
Backspace
Ø8
BS
Yes/Yes
Tab
Ø9
HT
Yes/Yes
Spacebar
2Ø
(SP)
Yes/Yes
Esc
1B
ESC
Yes/No
Ctrl+Spacebar
ØØ
NUL
Yes/No
Ctrl+A
Ø1
SOH
Yes/No
Ctrl+B
Ø2
STX
Yes/No
Ctrl+C
Ø3
ETX
Yes/No
Ctrl+D
Ø4
EOT
Yes/No
Ctrl+E
Ø5
ENQ
Yes/No
Ctrl+F
Ø6
ACK
Yes/No
Ctrl+G
Ø7
BELL
Yes/Yes
Ctrl+H
Ø8
BS
Yes/Yes
Ctrl+I
Ø9
HT
Yes/Yes
Ctrl+J
ØA
LF
Yes/Yes
Ctrl+K
ØB
VT
Yes/No
Ctrl+L
ØC
FF
Yes/No
Ctrl+M
ØD
CR
Yes/No
Ctrl+N
ØE
SO
Yes/No
Ctrl+O
ØF
SI
Yes/No
Ctrl+P
1Ø
DLE
Yes/No
Ctrl+Q
11
DC1 or XON
Yes/No
Ctrl+R
12
DC2
Yes/No
Ctrl+S
13
DC3 or XOFF
Yes/No
Ctrl+T
14
DC4
Yes/No
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DSView Installer/User Guide
Keys
Hex Code
Function Mnemonic
Encode/Decode
Ctrl+U
15
NAK
Yes/No
Ctrl+V
16
SYN
Yes/No
Ctrl+W
17
ETB
Yes/No
Ctrl+X
18
CAN
Yes/No
Ctrl+Y
19
EM
Yes/No
Ctrl+Z
1A
SUB
Yes/No
Ctrl+[
1B
ESC
Yes/No
Ctrl+\
1C
FS
Yes/No
Ctrl+]
1D
GS
Yes/No
Ctrl+~
1E
RS
Yes/No
Ctrl+?
1F
US
Yes/No
The following table lists the VT100 ANSI mode and cursor keys for set and
reset modes. Encoding and decoding is supported for all the cursor keys listed.
VT100 ANSI Set and Reset Mode Cursor Keys
Cursor Key
Mode Reset
Mode Set
Up
Esc [ A
Esc O A
Down
Esc [ B
Esc O B
Right
Esc [ C
Esc O C
Left
Esc [ D
Esc O D
The following table lists the VT100 PF1 through PF4 key definitions. Encoding
of each listed key is supported; decoding is not applicable.
VT100 PF1 through PF4 Key Definitions
Key
Code Sequence
F1
Esc [ O P
F2
Esc [ O Q
F3
Esc [ O R
F4
Esc [ O S
Appendices
87
The following table lists the ANSI mode control sequences for VT100 terminal
emulation and indicates Avocent encoding/decoding support, where Yes =
supported and No = not supported.
VT100 ANSI Mode Control Sequences
Control Sequence
Definition
Encode/Decode
Esc [ Pn; Pn R
Cursor Position Report
No/No
Esc [ Pn D
Cursor Backward
No/Yes
Esc [ Pn B
Cursor Down
No/Yes
Esc [ Pn C
Cursor Forward
No/Yes
Esc [ Pn; Pn H
Cursor Position
No/Yes
Esc [ Pn A
Cursor Up
No/Yes
Esc [ Pn c
Device Attributes
No/No
Esc # 8
Screen Alignment Display
No/Yes
Esc # 3
Double Height Line - Top Half
No/No
Esc # 4
Double Height Line - Bottom Half
No/No
Esc # 6
Double Width Line
No/No
Esc Z
Identify Terminal
No/No
Esc =
Keypad Application Mode
No/No
Esc >
Keypad Numeric Mode
No/No
Esc [ Ps q
Load LEDs
No/No
Esc 8
Restore Cursor
No/Yes
Esc [ <sol>; <par>;
Report Terminal Parameters
<nbits>; <xspeed>; <rspeed>;
<clkmul>; <flags>x
No/No
Esc [ <sol> x
Request Terminal Parameters
No/No
Esc 7
Save Cursor
No/Yes
Esc [ Pn; Pn r
Set Top and Bottom MarginsNo/No
Esc # 5
Single Width Line
No/No
Esc [ 2; Ps y
Invoke Confidence Test
No/No
Esc [ Ps n
Device Status Report
No/Yes
Esc [ Ps J
Erase in Display
No/Yes
Esc [ Ps K
Erase in Line
No/Yes
Esc H
Horizontal Tabulation Set
No/No
Esc [ Pn; Pn f
Horizontal and Vertical Position
No/Yes
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DSView Installer/User Guide
Control Sequence
Definition
Encode/Decode
Esc D
Index
No/Yes
Esc E
Next Line
No/Yes
Esc M
Reverse Index
No/Yes
Esc c
Reset to Initial State
No/No
Esc [ Ps; Ps;..;Ps 1
Reset Mode
No/No
Esc ( A
Select Character Set GØ U.K.
No/No
Esc ) A
Select Character Set G1 U.K.
No/No
Esc ( B
Select Character Set GØ ASCII
No/No
Esc ) B
Select Character Set G1 ASCII
No/No
Esc ( Ø
Select Character Set GØ Spec. Graphics
No/No
Esc ) Ø
Select Character Set G1 Spec. Graphics
No/No
Esc ( 1
Select Character Set GØ Alt. Character
ROM Standard Character Set
No/No
Esc ) 1
Select Character Set G1 Alt. Character
ROM Standard Character Set
No/No
Esc ( 2
Select Character Set GØ Alt. Character
ROM Special Graphics
No/No
Select Character Set G1 Alt. Character
ROM Special Graphics
No/No
Select Graphic Rendition
No/No
Esc ) 2
Esc [ Ps;..; Ps m
Esc Ps;..;Ps h
Set Mode
No/No
Esc [ Ps g
Tabulation Clear
No/No
Esc [ Ps;Ps;..; Ps m
Character Attributes
7 - Reverse Video On
No/Reverse
Video only
Esc [ K or Esc [ Ø K
Erase from cursor to end of line
No/Yes
Esc [ 1 K
Erase from beginning of line to cursor
No/No
Esc [ 2 K
Erase entire line containing cursor
No/No
Esc [ J or Esc [ Ø J
Erase from cursor to end of screen
No/Yes
Esc [ 1 J
Erase from beginning of screen to cursor
No/No
Esc [ 2 J
Erase entire screen
No/No
Esc [ Ps;Ps;..Ps q
Programmable LEDs
No/No
Esc [ Pt; Pb r
Scrolling Region
No/No
Esc H
Set tab at current column
No/No
Esc [ g or Esc [ Ø g
Clear tab at current column
No/No
Esc [ 3 g
Clear all tabs
No/No
Appendices
89
Control Sequence
Definition
Encode/Decode
Esc [ 2 Ø h
Modes to Set - New Line
Only supports linefeed/new line column
mode wraparound
No/Yes ->
Esc [ 2 Ø l
Modes to Reset - Linefeed
Only supports linefeed/new line column
mode wraparound
No/Yes ->
Esc [ ? 1 h
Modes to Set - Cursor Key Mode Appl.
No/No
Esc [ ? 1 l
Modes to Reset - Cursor Key Mode Cursor
No/No
Esc [ ? 2 l
Modes to Reset VT52
No/No
Esc [ ? 3 h
Modes to Set - 132 columns
No/No
Esc [ ? 3 l
Modes to Reset - 8Ø columns
No/No
Esc [ ? 4 h
Modes to Set - Smooth Scroll
No/No
Esc [ ? 4 l
Modes to Reset - Jump Scroll
No/No
Esc [ ? 5 h
Modes to Set - Reverse Screen Mode
No/No
Esc [ ? 5 l
Modes to Reset - Normal Screen Mode
No/No
Esc [ ? 6 h
Modes to Set - Relative Origin Mode
No/No
Esc [ ? 6 l
Modes to Reset - Absolute Origin Mode
No/No
Esc [ ? 7 h
Modes to Set - Wraparound On
No/No
Esc [ ? 7 l
Modes to Reset - Wraparound Off
No/No
Esc [ ? 8 h
Modes to Set - Auto Repeat On
No/No
Esc [ ? 8 l
Modes to Reset - Auto Repeat Off
No/No
Esc [ ? 9 h
Modes to Set - Interlace On
No/No
Esc [ ? 9 l
Modes to Reset - Interlace Off
No/No
Esc [ 6 n
Report Cursor Position - Invoked by
No/No
Esc [ P1; Pc R
Report Cursor Position - Response is
No/No
Esc [ 5 n
Status Report - Invoked by
No/No
Esc [ Ø n
Status Report - Response is terminal OK
No/No
Esc [ 3 n
Status Rpt - Response is terminal not OK
No/No
Esc [ x or Esc [ Ø c
What are you? Invoked by
No/No
Esc [ ? 1; Ps c
What are you? Response is
No/No
Esc c
Reset
No/No
Esc # 8
Fill screen with Es
No/Yes
Esc [ 2; Ps y
Invoke Test(s)
No/No
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DSView Installer/User Guide
VT220 terminal emulation
The following table lists the keystroke mapping (encoding) for VT220 emulation.
VT220 Encoding
VT220 Keyboard
PC Keyboard
VT220 Keyboard Byte Sequence
Delete
Delete
Øx7F
Left Arrow
Left Arrow
Esc [ D
Right Arrow
Right Arrow
Esc [ C
Up Arrow
Up Arrow
Esc [ A
Down Arrow
Down Arrow
Esc [ B
Keypad /
Keypad /
/
Keypad *
Keypad *
*
Keypad -
Keypad -
-
Keypad +
Keypad +
+
Keypad .
Keypad .
.
Keypad Ø..9
Keypad Ø..9
Ø..9
F1
F1
Esc O P
F2
F2
Esc O Q
F3
F3
Esc O R
F4
F4
Esc O S
F6
F6
Esc [ 1 7 ~
F7
F7
Esc [ 1 8 ~
F8
F8
Esc [ 1 9 ~
F9
F9
Esc [ 2 Ø ~
F10
F10
Esc [ 2 1 ~
F11
F11
Esc [ 2 3 ~
F12
F12
Esc [ 2 4 ~
F13
Ctrl - F5
Esc [ 2 5 ~
F14
Ctrl - F6
Esc [ 2 6 ~
F15
Ctrl - F7
Esc [ 2 8 ~
F16
Ctrl - F8
Esc [ 2 9 ~
F17
Ctrl - F9
Esc [ 3 1 ~
F18
Ctrl - F10
Esc [ 3 2 ~
F19
Ctrl - F11
Esc [ 3 3 ~
F20
Ctrl - F12
Esc [ 3 4 ~
Appendices
91
The following table lists the DSView decoding for VT220 terminal emulation.
VT220 Decoding
VT220 Keyboard Function
VT220 Keyboard Byte Sequence
Index
Esc D
New Line
Esc E
Reverse Index
Esc M
Escape O
Esc O
Save cursor and attributes
Esc 7
Restore cursor and attributes
Esc 8
Up Arrow
Esc [ A
Down Arrow
Esc [ B
Right Arrow
Esc [ C
Left Arrow
Esc [ D
Set cursor to home position
Esc [ H
Set cursor to home position
Esc [ f
Character attributes
Esc [ m
Erase from cursor to end of line
Esc [ K
Erase from cursor to end of screen
Esc [ J
Programmable LEDs
Esc [ q
What are You?
Esc [ c
Set Mode
Esc [ ?
Delete 1 Character
Esc [ P
Insert 1 Line
Esc [ L
Delete 1 Line
Esc [ M
Up Arrow
Esc O A
Down Arrow
Esc O B
Right Arrow
Esc O C
Left Arrow
Esc O D
Fill Screen with Es
Esc # 8
Up Arrow amount specified by Pn
Esc [ Pn A
Down Arrow amount specified by Pn
Esc [ Pn B
Right Arrow amount specified by Pn
Esc [ Pn C
Left Arrow amount specified by Pn
Esc [ Pn D
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DSView Installer/User Guide
VT220 Keyboard Function
VT220 Keyboard Byte Sequence
Erase parts of current line
Esc [ Pn K
Erase parts of current screen
Esc [ Pn J
Direct Cursor Addressing
Esc [ Pn H
Direct Cursor Addressing
Esc [ Pn f
Programmable LEDs
Esc [ Pn q
Scrolling Region
Esc [ Pn r
Clear tabs
Esc [ Pn g
Device status report
Esc [ Pn n
What are you?
Esc [ Pn c
Set Mode
Esc [ Pn h
Delete Pn Characters
Esc [ Pn P
Insert Pn Lines
Esc [ Pn L
Delete Pn Lines
Esc [ Pn M
Insert Character
Esc [ Pn @
Erase Pn Characters
Esc [ Pn X
VT52 terminal emulation
The following table lists the DSView keystroke mapping (encoding) for VT52
terminal emulation.
VT52 Encoding
VT52 Keyboard
PC Character Sequence
VT52 Keyboard Byte Sequence
Delete
Delete
Øx7F
Up Arrow
Up Arrow
Esc A
Down Arrow
Down Arrow
Esc B
Right Arrow
Right Arrow
Esc C
Left Arrow
Left Arrow
Esc D
Shift-F1
PF1
Esc P
Shift-F2
PF2
Esc Q
Shift-F3
PF3
Esc R
Shift-F4
PF4
Esc S
Appendices
93
The following table lists the DS Management Software decoding for VT52
terminal emulation.
VT52 Decoding
VT52 Keyboard Function
VT52 Keyboard Byte Sequence
Cursor Up
Esc A
Cursor Down
Esc B
Cursor Right
Esc C
Cursor Left
Esc D
Cursor Home
Esc H
Reverse Linefeed
Esc I
Erase to end of screen
Esc J
Erase to end of line
Esc K
VT320 terminal emulation
The following table lists the DS Management Software keystroke mapping
(encoding) for VT320 terminal emulation.
VT320 Encoding
VT320 Keyboard
PC Character Sequence
VT320 Keyboard Byte Sequence
Escape key (ESC)
Esc
Øx1B
F1
F1
Esc O P
F2
F2
Esc O Q
F3
F3
Esc O R
F4
F4
Esc O S
F5
F5
Esc O T
F6
F6
Esc [ 1 7 ~
F7
F7
Esc [ 1 8 ~
F8
F8
Esc [ 1 9 ~
F9
F9
Esc [ 2 Ø ~
F10
F10
Esc [ 2 1 ~
F11
F11
Esc [ 2 3 ~
F12
F12
Esc [ 2 4 ~
F13
Ctrl - F5
Esc [ 2 5 ~
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DSView Installer/User Guide
VT320 Keyboard
PC Character Sequence
VT320 Keyboard Byte Sequence
F14
Ctrl - F6
Esc [ 2 6 ~
F15
Ctrl - F7
Esc [ 2 8 ~
F16
Ctrl - F8
Esc [ 2 9 ~
F17
Ctrl - F9
Esc [ 3 1 ~
F18
Ctrl - F10
Esc [ 3 2 ~
F19
Ctrl - F11
Esc [ 3 3 ~
F20
Ctrl - F12
Esc [ 3 4 ~
Insert
Insert
Esc [ 1 ~
Home
Home
Esc [ 2 ~
Delete
Delete
Esc [ 4 ~
End
End
Esc [ 5 ~
Up Arrow
Up Arrow
Esc [ A
Down Arrow
Down Arrow
Esc [ B
Left Arrow
Left Arrow
Esc [ D
Right Arrow
Right Arrow
Esc [ C
The following table lists the DS Management Software decoding for VT320
terminal emulation.
VT320 Decoding
VT320 Keyboard Function
VT320 Keyboard Byte Sequence
Index
Esc D
New Line
Esc E
Reverse Index
Esc M
Escape O
Esc O
Save cursor and attributes
Esc 7
Restore cursor and attributes
Esc 8
Up Arrow
Esc [ A
Down Arrow
Esc [ B
Right Arrow
Esc [ C
Left Arrow
Esc [ D
Set cursor to home position
Esc [ H
Set cursor to home position
Esc [ f
Appendices
VT320 Keyboard Function
VT320 Keyboard Byte Sequence
Character Attributes
Esc [ m
Erase from cursor to end of line
Esc [ K
Erase from cursor to end of screen
Esc [ J
Programmable LEDs
Esc [ q
What are You?
Esc [ c
Set Mode
Esc [ ?
Delete 1 Character
Esc [ P
Insert 1 Line
Esc [ L
Delete 1 Line
Esc [ M
Up Arrow
Esc O A
Down Arrow
Esc O B
Right Arrow
Esc O C
Left Arrow
Esc O D
Fill Screen with Es
Esc # 8
Up Arrow amount specified by Pn
Esc [ Pn A
Down Arrow amount specified by Pn
Esc [ Pn B
Right Arrow amount specified by Pn
Esc [ Pn C
Left Arrow amount specified by Pn
Esc [ Pn D
Erase parts of current line
Esc [ Pn K
Erase parts of current screen
Esc [ Pn J
Direct Cursor Addressing
Esc [ Pn H
Direct Cursor Addressing
Esc [ Pn f
Programmable LEDs
Esc [ Pn q
Scrolling Region
Esc [ Pn r
Clear tabs
Esc [ Pn g
Device status report
Esc [ Pn n
What are you?
Esc [ Pn c
Set Mode
Esc [ Pn h
Delete Pn Characters
Esc [ Pn P
Insert Pn Lines
Esc [ Pn L
Delete Pn Lines
Esc [ Pn M
Insert Character
Esc [ Pn @
Erase Pn Characters
Esc [ Pn X
95
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DSView Installer/User Guide
Appendix E: Setting SNMP Traps (Windows NT/
2000/XP Only)
An SNMP (Simple Network Management Protocol) trap is a notification sent by a
DS appliance to a host system indicating that an event has occurred in the DS
appliance that may require further attention.
SNMP is a protocol used to communicate management information between
network management applications and DS appliances using TCP/IP and IPX protocols. Other SNMP managers (such as Tivoli and HP OpenView) may communicate with your DS appliance by accessing MIB-II (Management Information Base)
and the public portion of the enterprise MIB. MIB-II is a standard MIB that many
SNMP target devices support. When you access a DS appliance for the first time,
DSAuth will retrieve the SNMP parameters from the DS appliance.
DS appliances are defined on the host by criteria such as system information,
which stations may manage the DS appliance, which stations may receive
SNMP traps from the switch and the community to which they belong. If you
select Options - System Settings from the DSAuth window and then check Enable
SNMP trap log in the System Settings dialog box, the appliance will log SNMP
received messages over UDP (User Datagram Protocol) port 162.
The traps must be configured on each DS appliance using the CLI interface.
The address of the server running DSAuth must be configured as a trap recipient, the proper community must be set, and each desired trap must be enabled.
To use SNMP trap logging:
1.
Install and configure TCP/IP on the DSAuth Server.
2.
Install the SNMP service on the DSAuth Server, configure the host as trap
recipient and enable the traps.
3.
Enable the SNMP service on the DSAuth Server.
Appendices
97
Appendix F: Menus and Commands
Pulldown menus
The DSAuth, DSView Client and remote session windows each contain a
number of commands that may be accessed using the pulldown menus located
along the top of the windows.
Shortcut menus and commands
You may access shortcut menus within the DSAdmin and DSView Client windows by selecting a DS appliance, target device or port and right-clicking to
display a shortcut menu.
DSAdmin Shortcut menus and commands
In the DS topology view, you may right-click on any DS appliance’s name or IP
address in the DSAdmin window to display a shortcut menu containing
six commands:
•
Collapse - Clicking on this command will hide the port information associated with the selected name or IP address.
•
Expand - Clicking on this command will display the port information
associated with the selected name or IP address.
•
Properties
•
Rename
•
Delete
•
Permissions
•
Reboot
In the DS topology view, you may right-click on any port to display a shortcut
menu containing four commands:
•
Properties
•
Rename
•
Permissions
•
Disconnect
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DSView Installer/User Guide
DSView Client shortcut menus and commands
In the DS topology view, you may right-click on any DS appliance’s name or IP
address in the DSView Client window to display a shortcut menu containing
three commands:
•
Reboot
•
Collapse
•
Expand
In the DS topology view, you may right-click on any port to display a shortcut
menu containing three commands:
•
Connect
•
Privacy Mode Connect
•
View Connected Users
Telnet window menus and commands
Serial DS appliances and target devices are operated through a Telnet
window. When you are operating a DS appliance or target device using the
DS/DSR appliance, you will be provided with several optional commands.
Telnet menu
Exit
This command will exit the Telnet Client and return users to the DSView
Client menu. If the option to Prompt on Exit (see the Preferences section of this
appendix) is enabled and a connection is active, the DS user will be prompted
to confirm the exit. If no connection is active, the Client will exit without a
prompt.
View menu
History
When this menu option is checked, the DS user will be switched to history
mode. Here the DS user may scroll through a history of the Telnet session up
to the current point. While the DS user is in history mode, all new data is buffered and may be viewed by scrolling to the end of the history. DS users may
exit history mode at any time by pressing the Esc key.
Go to Beginning
This command moves the cursor to the beginning of the history file.
Appendices
99
Previous Page
This command moves the cursor back one page in the history file.
Next Page
This command moves the cursor forward one page in the history file.
Go to End
This command moves the cursor to the end of the history file.
Options menu
Preferences
When this menu option is selected, a dialog box that displays application
preferences will appear. Here DS users may change options that pertain to the
appearance of the Telnet application.
Session Properties
This option activates the Property Sheet dialog box where node session properties for the port that is currently active. The dialog box has two tabs, Terminal
and Login Scripts.
Terminal
This tab allows you to alter the settings that determine how text in the Telnet
Client is formatted.
Login Scripts
This tab allows you to create scripts that answer simple login questions.
These scripts allow DS users to completely automate the login process.
View commands are also accessible through menu icons in the Terminal window.
100
DSView Installer/User Guide
Appendix G: Glossary
DS appliance
A network appliance, such as DSR, DS1800 or CPS which is managed by DS
Management Software.
Target device
A server, router or other device that is attached to a DS appliance.
DS topology
A hierarchy of DS appliances, cascade devices and target devices.
DSAuth
A central repository for DS topology information, DS user permissions and
centralized services such as authentication, access control, audit, appliance
monitoring and Client/appliance updates. DS users may define a primary and
backup DSAuth Server.
DS permissions
Defines the set of DS appliances and target devices to which a DS user has
access within the DS topology.
DSAdmin
A graphical application used to create and alter DS topology and permission
information that is stored on a DSAuth Server.
DSView Client
A Win32 application that allows DS users to manage target devices through DS
appliances. The Client allows for IP-based video, serial and power
management sessions.
DS user
An authenticated user of the DSView Client or DSAdmin software.
Local user
A user of a DS appliance local port.
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