PACCAR Engine Manuals_PACCAR PX
Contents
Safety
1
Emergency
2
Controls
3
Driving
4
Maintenance
5
Information
6
Index
7
Contents
©2012 Paccar Inc - All Rights Reserved
This manual illustrates and describes the operation of features or equipment which may be either standard or optional on
this vehicle. This manual may also include a description of features and equipment which are no longer available or were
not ordered on this vehicle. Please disregard any illustrations or descriptions relating to features or equipment which are
not on this vehicle.
PACCAR reserves the right to discontinue, change specifications, or change the design of its vehicles at any time without
notice and without incurring any obligation.
The information contained in this manual is proprietary to PACCAR. Reproduction, in whole or in part, by any means is strictly
prohibited without prior written authorization from PACCAR Inc.
SAFETY
1
INTRODUCTION
Safety Alerts . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Illustrations. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Foreword . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Important Reference Numbers . . . . . . . . .
General Safety Instructions. . . . . . . . . . .
Acronyms and Abbreviations . . . . . . . . . .
Unique Operating Characteristics of an Engine with
On-Board Diagnostic . . . . . . . . . . . .
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1-3
1-5
1-6
1-7
1-8
1-11
1-12
1-1
INTRODUCTION
INTRODUCTION
Safety Alerts
Please read and follow all of the
safety alerts contained in this manual.
They are there for your protection
and information. These alerts can
help you avoid injury to yourself, your
passengers, and help prevent costly
damage to the vehicle. Safety alerts
are highlighted by safety alert symbols
and signal words such as "WARNING",
"CAUTION", or "NOTE". Please do not
ignore any of these alerts.
WARNING
1
Example:
WARNING!
WARNING!
The safety alert following this symbol
and signal word provides a warning
against operating procedures which
could cause death or injury. They could
also cause equipment or property
damage. The alert will identify the
hazard, how to avoid it, and the
probable consequence of not avoiding
the hazard.
Do not carry additional fuel containers in your vehicle. Fuel containers,
either full or empty, may leak, explode, and cause or feed a fire. Do
not carry extra fuel containers. Even
empty ones are dangerous. Failure
to comply may result in death, personal injury, equipment or property
damage.
1-3
INTRODUCTION
1
CAUTION
NOTE
Example:
CAUTION
NOTE
CAUTION
The safety alert following this symbol
and signal word provides a caution
against operating procedures which
could cause equipment or property
damage. The alert will identify the
hazard, how to avoid it, and the
probable consequence of not avoiding
the hazard.
Continuing to operate your vehicle with insufficient oil pressure will
cause serious engine damage. Failure to comply may result in equipment or property damage.
The alert following this symbol and
signal word provides important
information that is not safety related
but should be followed. The alert
will highlight things that may not be
obvious and is useful to your efficient
operation of the vehicle.
Example:
NOTE
Pumping the accelerator will not assist in starting the engine.
1-4
INTRODUCTION
Illustrations
General Information
1
The illustrations are intended to show
repair or replacement procedures.
The procedure will be the same for all
applications, although the illustration
can differ.
Some of the illustrations throughout
this manual are generic and will
not look exactly like the engine or
parts used in your application. The
illustrations can contain symbols
to indicate an action required and
an acceptable or not acceptable
condition.
1-5
INTRODUCTION
1
Foreword
This manual contains information for
the correct operation and maintenance
of your PACCAR engine. Read and
follow all safety instructions. Refer
to the WARNING in the “General
Safety Instructions” beginning on
page 1-8. Keep this manual with the
equipment. If the equipment is traded
or sold, give the manual to the new
owner. The information, specifications,
and recommended maintenance
guidelines in this manual are based
on information in effect at the time of
printing. PACCAR reserves the right
to make changes at any time without
obligation.
1-6
If you find differences between
your engine and the information
in this manual, contact your local
PACCAR Authorized Repair Location
or write to PACCAR c/o PACCAR
Engines, PO Box 1518, Bellevue, WA
98009. The latest technology and
the highest quality components were
used to produce this engine. When
replacement parts are needed, we
recommend using only genuine parts
from PACCAR.
NOTE
Warranty information including the
EPA and California Emission Warranty is located in the section entitled “WARRANTY” on page 6-8.
Make sure you are familiar with the
warranty or warranties applicable to
your engine.
INTRODUCTION
Important Reference
Numbers
1
Fill in the part name and number in the blank spaces provided below. This will give you a reference whenever service or maintenance is required.
Part Name
Number
Engine Model
(See Engine Identification on page 6-3.)
Engine Serial Number (ESN)
(See Engine Identification on page 6-3.)
Oil Type
(See Lubricating Oil Recommendations and Specifications on page 5-26.)
Filter Part Numbers:
Air Cleaner Element
Lubricating Oil
(See Lubricating Oil Recommendations and Specifications on page 5-26.)
Fuel (Use ultra-low sulfur diesel fuel only)
(See Acceptable Types of Fuels on page 5-22.)
Coolant
(See Coolant Recommendations and Specifications on page 5-31.)
Belt Part Numbers:
1-7
INTRODUCTION
1
General Safety Instructions
Important Safety Notice
WARNING!
Improper practices, carelessness,
or ignoring any warnings may cause
death, personal injury, equipment or
property damage.
•
Wear protective glasses and
protective shoes when working.
•
Rotating parts can cause cuts,
mutilation or strangulation.
•
Do not wear loose-fitting or torn
clothing. Remove all jewelry when
working.
Read and understand all of the
safety precautions and warnings
before performing any repair. This
list contains the general safety
precautions that must be followed
to provide personal safety. Special
safety precautions are included in the
procedures when they apply.
•
Before beginning any repair,
disconnect the battery (negative
[-] cable) and discharge any
capacitors.
•
Disconnect the air starting motor
if equipped to prevent accidental
engine starting.
•
•
Put a "DO NOT OPERATE" tag in
the operator's compartment or on
the controls.
•
Use the proper tool for manually
rotating the engine. Do not attempt
to rotate the crankshaft by pulling
or prying on the fan. This practice
1-8
Work areas should be dry, well lit,
ventilated, free from clutter, loose
tools, parts, ignition sources and
hazardous substances. Be aware
of hazardous conditions that can
exist.
can cause death, personal injury,
equipment damage, or damage
to the fan blade(s), causing
premature fan failure.
•
Allow the engine to cool before
slowly loosening the coolant filler
cap to relieve the pressure from
the cooling system.
•
Always use blocks or proper
stands to support the vehicle
or vehicle components before
performing any service work.
Do not work on anything that is
supported only by lifting jacks or
a hoist.
•
Before removing or disconnecting
any lines, fittings, or related items,
relieve all pressure in the air, oil,
fuel, and cooling systems. Remain
alert for possible pressure when
disconnecting any device from a
system that contains pressure.
High pressure oil or fuel can cause
death or personal injury.
INTRODUCTION
•
•
Always wear protective clothing
when working on any refrigerant
lines and make sure that the
workplace is in a well-ventilated
area. Inhalation of fumes can
cause death or personal injury.
To protect the environment,
liquid refrigerant systems must
be properly emptied and filled
using equipment that prevents
the release of refrigerant gas.
Federal law requires capturing
and recycling refrigerant.
To reduce the possibility of
personal injury, use a hoist
or get assistance when lifting
components that weigh 23 kg
[50 lb] or more. Ensure all lifting
devices such as chains, hooks, or
slings are in good condition and
are of the correct load capacity.
Make sure any lifting devices are
positioned correctly. Always use
a spreader bar when necessary.
exhaust gas flow, and hot fluids in
lines, tubes, and compartments.
Contact with any hot surface may
cause burns.
The lifting hooks must not be
side-loaded.
•
•
•
Corrosion inhibitors and lubricating
oils may contain alkali. Do not get
the substance in eyes and avoid
prolonged or repeated contact
with skin. Do not swallow. In
case of contact, immediately wash
skin with soap and water. In case
of harmful contact, immediately
contact a physician. Always keep
any chemicals OUT OF REACH
OF CHILDREN.
Naptha and Methyl Ethyl Ketone
(MEK) are flammable materials
and must be used with caution.
Follow the manufacturer's
instructions to ensure safety when
using these materials. Always
keep any chemicals OUT OF
REACH OF CHILDREN.
When working on the vehicle,
be alert for hot parts on systems
that have just been turned off,
•
Always use tools that are in good
condition. Make sure you have
the proper understanding of how
to use the tools before performing
any service work. Use ONLY
genuine replacement parts from
PACCAR.
•
Always use the same fastener
part number (or equivalent) when
replacing items. Do not use
a fastener of lesser quality if
replacements are necessary.
•
Do not perform any repair when
impaired, tired, fatigued or after
consuming alcohol or drugs that
can impair your functioning.
•
Some state and federal agencies
in the United States of America
have determined that used engine
1-9
1
INTRODUCTION
oil can be carcinogenic and can
cause reproductive toxicity. Avoid
inhalation of vapors, ingestion,
and prolonged contact with used
engine oil.
1
•
Liquefied petroleum gas is heavier
than air and can accumulate near
the floor, in sumps, and low-lying
areas.
•
Natural gas is lighter than air and
can accumulate under hood and
awnings.
•
To reduce the possibility of
suffocation and frostbite, wear
protective clothing and ONLY
disconnect natural gas and
liquefied petroleum gas lines in a
well-ventilated area.
•
Close the manual fuel valves prior
to performing maintenance and
repairs, and when storing the
vehicle inside.
1-10
•
Coolant is toxic. If not reused,
dispose of coolant in accordance
with local environmental
regulations.
•
The Diesel Exhaust Fluid contains
urea. Do not get the substance
in your eyes. In case of contact,
immediately flood eyes with large
amounts of water for a minimum
of 15 minutes. Avoid prolonged
contact with skin. In case of
contact, immediately wash skin
with soap and water. Do not
swallow internally. In the event the
Diesel Exhaust Fluid is ingested,
contact a physician immediately.
•
California Proposition 65 Warning
- Diesel engine exhaust and some
of its constituents are known to
the State of California to cause
cancer, birth defects, and other
reproductive harm.
•
The catalyst substrate located
in the Diesel Particulate Filter
contains Vanadium Pentoxide.
Vanadium Pentoxide has been
determined by the State of
California to cause cancer. Always
wear protective clothing and eye
protection when handling the
catalyst assembly. Dispose of the
catalyst in accordance with local
regulations. If catalyst material
gets into the eyes, immediately
flood eyes with water for a
minimum of 15 minutes. Avoid
prolonged contact with skin. In
case of contact, immediately wash
skin with soap and water. In case
of harmful contact, immediately
contact a physician.
CAUTION
Corrosive chemicals can damage
the engine. Do not use corrosive
chemicals on the engine. Failure to
comply may result in equipment or
property damage.
INTRODUCTION
Acronyms and
Abbreviations
General Information
The following list contains some of the
acronyms and abbreviations used in
this manual.
API
ASTM
ATS
BTU
°C
CARB
CCA
C.I.D.
CPL
cSt
DEF
DOC
DPF
ECM
EGR
ELC
EMI
EPA
ESN
American Petroleum Institute
American Society of Testing and
Materials
After-Treatment System
British Thermal Unit
Celsius
California Air Resources Board
Cold Cranking Amperes
Cubic Inch Displacement
Control Parts List
Centistokes
Diesel Exhaust Fluid
Diesel Oxidation Catalyst
Diesel Particulate Filter
Electronic Control Module
Exhaust Gas Recirculation
Extended Life Coolant
Electromagnetic Interference
Environmental Protection Agency
Engine Serial Number
°F
FMI
ft-lb
GVW
HEST
LPG
Hg
hp
H2O
ICM
inHg
in H2O
km/l
kPa
LTA
MPa
mph
mpq
N•m
NG
NOx
O2
OBD
OEM
PID
ppm
psi
PTO
REPTO
Fahrenheit
Failure Mode Indentifier
Foot-Pound Force
Gross Vehicle Weight
High Exhaust System Temperature
Liquified Petroleum Gas
Mercury
Horsepower
Water
Ignition Control Module
Inches of Mercury
Inches of Water
Kilometers per Liter
Kilopascal
Low Temperature Aftercooling
Megapascal
Miles Per Hour
Miles Per Quart
Newton-meter
Natural Gas
Mono-Nitrogen Oxides
Oxygen
On-Board Diagnostics
Original Equipment Manufacturer
Parameter Identification
Descriptions
Parts Per Million
Pounds Per Square Inch
Power Takeoff
Rear Power Take Off
RGT
rpm
SAE
SCA
SCR
SID
STC
VDC
VGT
VS
VSS
Rear Gear Train
Revolutions Per Minute
Society of Automotive Engineers
Supplemental Coolant Additive
Selective Catalytic Reduction
Subsystem Identification
Descriptions
Step Timing Control
Volts of Direct Current
Variable Geometry Turbocharger
Variable Speed
Vehicle Speed Sensor
1-11
1
INTRODUCTION
1
Unique Operating
Characteristics of an Engine
with On-Board Diagnostic
General Information
The engines supported by this
manual are required to meet Heavy
Duty On-Board Diagnostics (OBD)
regulations. EPA HD OBD is required
for all U.S. vehicles with a gross
vehicle weight over 6350 kg [14,000
lb].
OBD exists to make sure the engine
is operating within emissions limits.
OBD continuously monitors the engine
and aftertreatment system to detect
malfunctions that adversely affect
emissions. Once a malfunction is
detected, a malfunction indicator lamp
(MIL) illuminates to inform the driver
of the malfunction and a fault code,
which identifies the likely malfunction,
is stored in the engine control module
(ECM).
1-12
An OBD system operates in a manner
very similar to the traditional PACCAR
diagnostic system. Both systems
store fault codes, induce derates when
required to protect the engine and
aftertreatment from further damage,
and illuminate dashboard lamps.
These fault codes are used by the
service channel for troubleshooting
and repair.
The differences between an OBD
system and the traditional PACCAR
diagnostic system are that an OBD
system:
•
illuminates the MIL
•
detects deteriorated components
and systems (not just total
malfunctions)
•
performs multiple trip diagnostics
Multiple trip diagnostics are
malfunctions that must occur in
multiple consecutive trips before the
MIL is illuminated. A trip is a condition
or operating state the engine must
operate for the OBD fault code to
gather information and determine if a
malfunction has occurred. The MIL
turns on when an OBD fault code is
logged, and in most cases, it requires
three trips without a malfunction
occurrence to clear the lamp.
For more information on the MIL and
what the operator should do when
the MIL illuminates, see Malfunction
Indicator Lamp on page 3-4.
EMERGENCY
WHAT TO DO IF...
You Need Roadside Assistance . . .
Stop Engine Lamp Turns On . . . .
Engine Oil Pressure Lamp Turns On.
Check Engine Lamp Turns On . . .
Engine is Overheating . . . . . . .
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2-3
2-3
2-4
2-5
2-5
2
2-1
WHAT TO DO IF...
WHAT TO DO IF...
•
You Need Roadside
Assistance
Call toll-FREE to talk to someone at
the PACCAR Customer Center. The
toll-FREE telephone number is located
on the windshield decal.
•
Open 24-7-365 days a year
•
They can help you get roadside
assistance.
•
They have a custom mapping
system which locates authorized
PACCAR engine dealers and
Independent Service Providers
(ISPs) near you and lists types
of services offered, hours of
operation and contact information.
•
They can assist with jump and
pull starts, tires, trailers, fines and
permits, chains, towing, hazardous
clean-up, out of fuel (roadside),
mechanical repairs and preventive
maintenance services.
They have multilingual agents and
access to a translation service
to ensure quality assistance
for customers who speak any
language.
•
They can’t answer your warranty
questions but can get you in
contact with an authorized dealer
who can.
•
The PACCAR Customer Center
service is FREE.
Stop Engine Lamp Turns On
2
If the Stop Engine warning lamp
illuminates, it means you have a
serious engine system problem.
WARNING!
This should be considered an emergency. You should stop the vehicle
as safely as possible and turn "OFF"
the ignition. The vehicle must be
serviced and the problem corrected
before driving again. Failure to do so
may result in personal injury, severe
engine damage, equipment or property damage.
2-3
WHAT TO DO IF...
Engine Oil Pressure Lamp
Turns On
2
It is important to maintain oil pressure
within acceptable limits. If oil pressure
drops below the minimum psi a Red
Warning Lamp on the oil pressure
gauge and the Stop Engine Lamp will
come ON.
•
•
If the oil pressure suddenly drops,
or the audible alarm and engine
oil pressure warning light come on
while driving, do the following:
1.
Slow down carefully.
2.
Move a safe distance off the road
and stop.
3.
Place the transmission in
neutral and set the parking
brake. (See Parking Brake
Valve and OPERATING THE
TRANSMISSION in your
vehicle Operator's Manual,
for transmission shifting and
parking brake information.)
4.
Turn "OFF" the engine.
CAUTION
Continuing to operate your vehicle with insufficient oil pressure
may cause severe engine damage,
equipment or property damage.
•
2-4
If the oil pressure fails to rise within
10 seconds after the engine starts,
stop the engine and determine the
cause.
See Lubricating Oil System on
page 5-15, for the correct oil
pressure ranges for your vehicle's
engine.
5.
Turn "ON" the emergency flasher
and use other warning devices to
alert other motorists.
6.
Wait a few minutes to allow oil
to drain into the engine oil pan,
and then check the oil level. (See
Inspection of the Engine Oil Level
on page 5-3.)
7.
Add oil if necessary. If the problem
persists, contact an authorized
PACCAR engine dealer as soon
as possible.
WHAT TO DO IF...
Check Engine Lamp Turns
On
Engine is Overheating
CAUTION
The cooling system may overheat if
the engine coolant is at the minimum
level. A sudden loss of coolant,
caused by a split hose or broken
hose clamp could also lead to an
overheat condition. Always inspect
to ensure hoses and clamps are not
cracked, worn, or loose. Failure to
comply may result in equipment or
property damage.
The Check Engine Lamp turns on
when a problem exists, but the vehicle
can still be safely driven. Vehicle
should be serviced to correct the
problem but the situation should not be
considered an emergency.
If the engine coolant temperature
warning lamp comes on and the
audible alarm sounds showing an
overheat condition, or if you have any
other reason to suspect the engine
may be overheating, DO NOT TURN
OFF THE ENGINE unless a low water
warning device indicates a loss of
coolant. Follow these steps:
1.
Reduce engine speed or stop.
When stopped, place the
transmission in neutral and set the
parking brake. See the vehicle
operator's manual for instructions
on transmission shifting and
parking brake information.
2.
Check to ensure that the oil
pressure gauge reads normal.
3.
Increase the engine speed to
about one-half of full operating
speed, or 1,100 to 1,200 rpm,
maximum for 2-3 minutes.
NOTE
The system may also temporarily
overheat during severe operating
conditions such as:
•
Climbing a hill on a hot day.
•
Stopping after high-speed/highload driving.
•
Debris blocking air flow through
the cooling module (radiator).
2-5
2
WHAT TO DO IF...
4.
Return the engine speed to normal
idle after two or three minutes.
5.
Monitor the engine temperature.
After the temperature returns to
normal, allow the engine to idle
3-5 minutes before shutting it off.
This allows the engine to cool
gradually and uniformly.
2
6.
7.
2-6
If the overheating came from
severe operating conditions, the
temperature should have cooled
by this time.
Check the sight gauge (glass
level indicator) on the side of the
coolant expansion tank.
WARNING!
Removing the surge tank fill cap
while the engine is hot can be dangerous. Never remove the surge
tank cap while the engine is still hot;
you could be badly burned. Failure
to comply may result in death, personal injury, equipment or property
damage.
Removing the surge tank fill cap while
the engine is too hot is dangerous.
Scalding steam and fluid under
pressure may escape and cause
serious personal injuries. When
removing the surge tank fill cap, follow
these steps:
1.
Wait until the coolant temperature
is below 122°F [50°C].
2.
Protect your face, hands, and
arms by covering the cap with a
large, thick rag to protect against
escaping fluid and steam.
3.
Carefully and slowly turn the cap
one turn to allow excess pressure
to escape, then push down and
turn for final removal. See the
vehicle operator's manual for
instructions on checking and filling
the cooling module surge tank.
WARNING!
To reduce the chance of personal injury and/or vehicle damage caused
by engine overheating, never leave
the engine idling when the vehicle is
unattended. If the engine overheats,
immediate action is required to correct the condition. Continued unattended operation of the engine, even
for a short time, may result in serious engine damage or a fire. Failure
to comply may result in death, personal injury, equipment or property
damage.
WHAT TO DO IF...
CAUTION
NOTE
Do not allow your engine to idle,
at low rpm's (400-600 rpm), longer
than five minutes.
Long periods of idling after the engine has
reached operating temperatures
can decrease engine temperature
and cause gummed piston rings,
clogged injectors, and possible engine damage from lack of lubrication. The normal torsional vibrations
generated by the engine can also
cause transmission wear.
If an
engine must idle for an extended
period of time, it should be done at
fast idle (1,000 rpm or greater).
An idle shutdown feature, available
on PACCAR Engines, can be programmed to shut the engine down
after a period of low idle speed operation with no driver activity. A
flashing warning lamp will inform the
driver of an impending shutdown.
2
NOTE
The power take off (PTO) feature,
available on PACCAR engines, can
be programmed to adjust engine idle
speed with the use of switches to
pre-programmed set points.
2-7
CONTROLS
OPERATING INSTRUCTIONS
Engine Warning Lamps . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Engine Operating Range. . . . . . . . . . . . .
Engine Braking System . . . . . . . . . . . . .
3-3
3-7
3-8
3
3-1
OPERATING INSTRUCTIONS
OPERATING
INSTRUCTIONS
Wait-to-Start Lamp
Check Engine Lamp
The WAIT TO START lamp illuminates
when the intake air heater (grid heater)
needs to warm the intake air prior to
starting the engine.
The CHECK ENGINE lamp illuminates
when the engine needs service at the
first available opportunity.
Engine Warning Lamps
General Information
The following engine indicator lamps
cover only the lamps controlled
by the engine's ECM. The vehicle
manufacturer can provide additional
indicator lamps. Please refer to
the vehicle's operator's manual for
additional lamp information.
The WAIT TO START lamp can look
like:
•
The words WAIT TO START
spelled out
•
A symbol similar to the graphic
illustrated
•
The color of the symbol or
words can vary, based on the
manufacturer of the vehicle, but
will typically be red or amber.
The CHECK ENGINE lamp is amber,
and can look like:
•
The words WARNING or CHECK
ENGINE spelled out.
•
A symbol of an engine, similar to
the graphic illustrated.
The CHECK ENGINE lamp is located
on the face of the tachometer and
illuminates when a problem exists, but
the vehicle can still be safely driven.
Vehicle should be serviced to correct
the problem, but the situation should
not be considered an emergency. The
3-3
3
OPERATING INSTRUCTIONS
3
Check Engine lamp will activate for
several reasons. These include but are
not limited to Water in Fuel and Diesel
Particulate Filter (DPF) generation
required.
Malfunction Indicator Lamp
Another function of the CHECK
ENGINE lamp is to flash for 30
seconds at key ON when one of the
following occurs. This flashing function
is referred to as the MAINTENANCE
lamp. The MAINTENANCE lamp could
flash for any of the following reasons:
Illuminates when an engine emissions
failure has occurred. The vehicle
can be safely driven but should be
serviced to correct the problem. The
situation should not be considered
an emergency. In some cases, the
Malfunction Indicator Lamp will activate
in conjunction with the High Exhaust
Temperature, Diesel Particulate Filter
(DPF) and Diesel Exhaust Fluid (DEF)
Warning Lights.
•
Maintenance required (if the
Maintenance Monitor is enabled)
•
Water-in-fuel is detected
•
Coolant level is low.
3-4
Stop Engine Lamp
The STOP ENGINE lamp indicates,
when illuminated, the need to stop the
engine as soon as it can be safely
done. The engine must remain
shut down until the engine can be
repaired.
For engines with the Engine Protection
Shutdown feature enabled, if the
STOP ENGINE lamp begins to flash,
the engine will automatically shut down
after 30 seconds. The flashing STOP
engine lamp alerts the operator to the
impending shutdown.
OPERATING INSTRUCTIONS
High Exhaust System Temperature
(HEST) Warning Lamp
Diesel Particulate Filter (DPF)
Warning Lamp
HEST Warning Lamp
Refer to Engine Aftertreatment
Systems Operator's Manual for
additional information.
A flashing AFTERTREATMENT
DIESEL PARTICULATE FILTER
lamp indicates that the aftertreatment
diesel particulate filter needs to be
regenerated at the next possible
opportunity. Engine power may be
reduced automatically. When this lamp
is flashing, the operator should:
1.
Change to a more challenging duty
cycle, such as highway driving, for
at least 20 minutes.
2.
Performing a stationary
regeneration.
A flashing AFTERTREATMENT
DIESEL PARTICULATE FILTER
lamp combined with an illuminated
WARNING or CHECK ENGINE lamp
indicates that the aftertreatment diesel
particulate filter needs be regenerated
immediately. Engine power will be
reduced automatically.
When these lamps are illuminated, a
stationary regeneration is required.
NOTE
If a stationary regeneration is not
performed, the STOP ENGINE lamp
will illuminate and the vehicle will
need to be taken to an authorized repair location.
Refer to Engine Aftertreatment
Systems Operator's Manual for
additional information.
3-5
3
OPERATING INSTRUCTIONS
Diesel Exhaust Fluid (DEF) Lamp
NOTE
It is recommended that the diesel exhaust fluid tank be filled completely
full of diesel exhaust fluid in order to
correct any fault conditions.
Diesel Exhaust Fluid (DEF) Lamp
3
The AFTERTREATMENT DIESEL
EXHAUST FLUID lamp indicates,
when illuminated or flashing, that the
diesel exhaust fluid level is low.
An illuminated AFTERTREATMENT
DIESEL EXHAUST FLUID lamp
indicates that the diesel exhaust
fluid level has fallen below the initial
warning level. This can be corrected
by filling the diesel exhaust fluid tank
with diesel exhaust fluid.
A flashing AFTERTREATMENT
DIESEL EXHAUST FLUID lamp
indicates that the diesel exhaust fluid
level has fallen below the critical
warning level. This can be corrected
by filling the diesel exhaust fluid tank
with diesel exhaust fluid.
NOTE
It is recommended that the diesel exhaust fluid tank be filled completely
full of diesel exhaust fluid in order to
correct any fault conditions.
A flashing AFTERTREATMENT
DIESEL EXHAUST FLUID lamp
combined with an illuminated
WARNING or CHECK ENGINE lamp
3-6
indicates that the diesel exhaust fluid
level has fallen below the initial derate
level. The engine power will be limited
automatically. This can be corrected
by filling the diesel exhaust fluid tank
with diesel exhaust fluid.
NOTE
It is recommended that the diesel exhaust fluid tank be filled completely
full of diesel exhaust fluid in order to
correct any fault conditions.
Allowing the diesel exhaust fluid
tank to become empty will cause the
aftertreatment diesel exhaust fluid
dosing system to lose prime. A loss of
prime condition may cause fault codes
to become active.
NOTE
On OBD certified products, the MIL
may become illuminated for a loss of
prime condition.
OPERATING INSTRUCTIONS
Engine Operating Range
NOTE
General Information
It is recommended that the diesel exhaust fluid tank be filled completely
full of diesel exhaust fluid in order to
correct any fault conditions.
PACCAR engines are designed to
operate at full throttle under momentary
conditions down to peak torque engine
speed. This is consistent with
recommended operating practices.
Refer to Engine Aftertreatment
Systems Operator's Manual for
additional information.
3
CAUTION
Operating the engine at full throttle
below peak torque will shorten engine life to overhaul, can cause serious engine damage, and is considered engine abuse. Do not operate
the engine at full throttle operation
below peak torque rpm for more than
30 seconds. Failure to comply may
result in equipment or property damage.
3-7
OPERATING INSTRUCTIONS
3
CAUTION
CAUTION
Operating the engine beyond the
maximum engine speed can cause
severe engine damage. Use proper
operating techniques for the vehicle
to prevent engine overspeed. The
maximum engine speed specification is listed in the “General Engine
Specifications” on page 5-14. Failure to comply may result in equipment or property damage.
Do not idle the engine for excessively long periods. Long periods
of idling, more than 10 minutes, can
cause poor engine performance
Engine Braking System
Variable Geometry Turbo
(VGT) Brake System General
Information
1.
Sliding Nozzle
This engine may be equipped with a
variable geometry turbocharger (VGT)
with an exhaust brake feature. This
feature allows the variable geometry
turbocharger to act as an exhaust
brake by retarding the speed of the
engine to provide additional vehicle
braking power and extend the life
of the vehicle service brakes. The
3-8
OPERATING INSTRUCTIONS
ON/OFF function is controlled by a
switch located on the dash of the
vehicle. The engine (VGT) exhaust
brake works by retarding engine
speed by creating high exhaust
back pressure. This back pressure
is obtained by restricting airflow
through the turbine housing of the
turbocharger. This restriction through
the turbine housing of the turbocharger
is created through positioning of the
sliding nozzle (1) located internally to
the variable geometry turbocharger
(VGT). the position of the sliding nozzle
is controlled by the engine electronic
control module (ECM). This option
may not be available on your vehicle.
WARNING!
WARNING!
The exhaust brake is not intended
as the primary brake for the vehicle,
nor is it an emergency brake. The
service brakes must be used in an
emergency. Relying solely on the
exhaust brake to stop the vehicle in
an emergency could cause an accident and lead to personal injury. The
exhaust brake only helps the service
brakes by using pressure to slow the
drive train. You must use the service brakes for quick or emergency
stops. Failure to comply may result
in death, personal injury, equipment
or property damage.
Do not use the exhaust brake when
operating on surface with poor traction (such as wet, icy or snow covered roads). Retarders can cause
the wheels to skid on a slippery surface. You could lose control of the
vehicle and jacknife if the wheels
begin to skid, resulting in an accident. Failure to comply may result
in death, personal injury, equipment
or property damage.
3-9
3
OPERATING INSTRUCTIONS
3
WARNING!
NOTE
WARNING!
Do not use an exhaust brake when
driving bobtail or with an unloaded
trailer. There may not be enough
weight on the rear axle to provide
traction. This could cause a loss
of control and jackknife resulting in
an injury accident. Make sure the
exhaust brake is switched "OFF"
when bobtailing or with an unloaded
trailer. Failure to comply may result
in death, personal injury, equipment
or property damage.
When the engine (VGT) exhaust
brake switch is in the "ON" position,
the engine's electronic control module (ECM) monitors inputs (such as
accelerator pedal position and engine speed). From these inputs, the
ECM determines when to enable the
engine (VGT) exhaust brake feature
when the proper braking conditions
are present.
To reduce the possibility of personal
injury or property damage, always
be prepared to use the vehicle service brakes for emergency stopping.
The safe control speed of a vehicle
will vary with the size of the load,
the type of load, the grade, and the
road conditions. Failure to comply
may result in death, personal injury,
equipment or property damage.
Other features/switches like cruise
control, can also affect when the
engine (VGT) exhaust brake activates.
For more information on how the
engine (VGT) exhaust brake functions,
refer to vehicle operation manual or
contact a PACCAR Authorized Repair
Location.
NOTE
3-10
The exhaust brake can only be activated when the accelerator pedal is
at its low idle position. With the throttle at low idle position, fueling commands to the cylinders will not detract from the braking power of the
brake system.
OPERATING INSTRUCTIONS
NOTE
CAUTION
The engine (VGT) exhaust brake is
designed to assist the vehicle's service brakes when slowing the vehicle to a stop.
Exceeding governed engine speed
can cause engine damage. Operating the engine beyond the maximum engine speed may cause serious engine damage and is considered engine abuse. Use the engine
and vehicle braking systems to control engine speed.
The optimum braking power of the
engine (VGT) exhaust brake is reached
at rated engine speed. Correct gear
selection, therefore, is critical.
Typically, on vehicles equipped with
automatic transmissions, the engine
electronic control module (ECM) and
the transmission will determine the
correct gear selection.
Vehicle service brakes must always be
used. The engine brake is not intended
to be used as the primary brake of the
vehicle, nor is it an emergency brake.
The engine retarder only helps the
service brakes by using pressure to
slow the drivetrain. Use the service
brakes for quick stops.
3-11
3
OPERATING INSTRUCTIONS
Compression Brake System
•
A throttle sensor.
With the ON/OFF switch in the "ON"
position, the brake automatically
creates its braking effect when you
remove your foot from the accelerator
pedal.
3
The amount of braking power available
in a given engine series varies. Braking
power depends on turbocharger boost
pressure, engine speed, compression
ratio, injector timing, and when the
engine brakes open the exhaust
valves.
3-12
Engine brake controls, with the fuel
system, consists of the following:
•
A two-position selector switch
standard (three-position selector
optional).
•
An ON/OFF switch.
•
A clutch switch.
Other switches for cruise control that
affect engine brake operations are:
•
Service brake air pressure switch
(if service brake actuator feature
is selected).
•
Clutch switch.
OPERATING INSTRUCTIONS
•
Throttle sensor.
LOW activates the engine brake on
three cylinders, and "HI" activates the
engine brake on six cylinders.
The ECM allows the engine brakes
to operate while the cruise control is
turned on.
Signals from the ON/OFF switch,
clutch switch, throttle sensor, and the
cruise/PTO switches are fed into the
ECM.
The two-position selector switch
(standard) or three-position (optional)
is located next to the ON/OFF switch
in the cab, and allows you to select the
retarding power of one or two brakes.
NOTE
Any one of these switches can
de-activate the engine brakes.
1
Switches
•
On/Off
•
Clutch
•
Throttle
•
CC/PTO
•
Service
•
Brake
3-13
3
OPERATING INSTRUCTIONS
The ECM then electronically enables
or disables the engine brakes.
NOTE
Engine brakes cannot be enabled:
•
When cruise control is active
and the Engine brakes in Cruise
Control feature is turned off.
•
When engine speed goes below
850 rpm.
•
When the Engine Computer
recognizes a system problem.
3
The throttle sensor is part of the
accelerator pedal assembly located in
the cab and will deactivate the engine
brakes when the acceleration pedal is
depressed.
The service brake pressure switch
is attached to the service brake air
supply line.
The clutch switch uses the motion of
the clutch linkage to deactivate the
engine brakes when the clutch pedal
is depressed.
3-14
Applying the service brakes while in
cruise control will disengage the cruise
control and enable the engine brakes.
If the pedal-activated engine brake
feature is enabled, the service brake
pedal must be depressed (tapped)
before the engine brakes will be
activated.
OPERATING INSTRUCTIONS
CAUTION
NOTE
CAUTION
Do not operate the engine brake
until the engine oil temperature is
above 30°C [86°F]. Operation below 30°C [86°F] could cause severe
damage to the engine. Idle the engine 3 to 5 minutes at approximately
1000 rpm to warm the engine before
activating the engine brakes.
See the “Tips for Operation” steps in
this section for specific information
about engine brake operation under
certain road conditions.
Using the engine brakes to aid in
clutchless gear shifting will cause
the engine to stall or lead to engine
damage. Engine brakes used in
clutchless shifting causes additional
strain on the engine valve train and
causes severe internal engine damage. Do not use engine brakes to
assist in gear shifting.
NOTE
The engine brakes are designed to
assist the vehicle's service brakes
when slowing the vehicle to a stop.
Remember, service brakes will be
required to bring the vehicle to a stop.
The ECM will disable the engine
brakes when engine speed is below
850 rpm or when an electronic fault
code is active.
To activate the engine brakes, switch
the ON/OFF switch to the "ON"
position. Once activated, the operation
of the engine brake is fully automatic.
3-15
3
OPERATING INSTRUCTIONS
contact a PACCAR Authorized Repair
Location.
3
CAUTION
Operating the engine with an engine brake that will not deactivate
will cause severe engine damage.
Inoperable engine brakes can cause
an additional strain on the engine
valve train causing severe internal
engine damage. Do not operate the
engine if the engine brake will not
deactivate.
If the engine brakes will not shut off,
shut off the engine immediately, and
3-16
DRIVING
DRIVING INSTRUCTIONS
General Information . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Normal Starting Procedure . . . . . . . . . . .
Cold Weather Starting . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Starting Procedure After Extended Shutdown or Oil
Change . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Operating the Engine . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Cold Weather . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Engine Shutdown . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Electromagnetic Interference (EMI) . . . . . . .
Tips for Operation on Level and Dry Pavement . .
Tips for Operation on Grades with Dry Pavement .
Tips for Operation on Slick Roads . . . . . . . .
.
.
.
4-3
4-4
4-9
.
4-9
4-10
4-13
4-15
4-15
4-17
4-18
4-20
4
4-1
DRIVING INSTRUCTIONS
DRIVING
INSTRUCTIONS
WARNING!
General Information
Correct care of your engine will result
in longer life, better performance, and
more economical operation.
Follow the daily maintenance checks
listed in “Maintenance Schedule” on
page 5-3.
The new PACCAR engine associated
with this manual does not require a
”break-in” procedure. This section
of the manual provides all of the
necessary information required for
proper engine operation.
Check the oil pressure indicators,
temperature indicators, warning lights,
and other gauges daily to make sure
they are operational.
Combustible vapors near the air intake system could be ingested into
the engine, causing the engine to
suddenly accelerate and overspeed.
This condition could result in operator losing control of the vehicle if an
unexpected increase in engine rpm
occurs. Combustible vapors could
also cause a fire. Do not operate
your vehicle in an area where combustible chemicals or vapors may be
present. Failure to comply may result in death, personal injury, equipment or property damage.
IT IS THE RESPONSIBILITY OF
THE OWNER AND OPERATOR TO
OPERATE THE VEHICLE IN A SAFE
ENVIRONMENT.
4-3
4
DRIVING INSTRUCTIONS
NOTE
Numerous safety devices (ie engine shutoff devices) are available
to minimize the risk of engine overspeeding caused by combustible
vapors being ingested into the air
intake system.
a combustible environment, such as
from a fuel spill or gas leak.
Normal Starting Procedure
Starting
Ensure the parking brake is set "ON"
and the transmission shift lever is in
neutral. For automatic transmissions
that have park position, place the shift
lever in park.
4
PACCAR recommends the installation
of an air intake shutoff device or a
similar safety device to minimize the
risk of overspeeding, as can occur
when the vehicle is being operated in
4-4
With the accelerator pedal in the idle
position, turn the key switch to the
"ON" position.
DRIVING INSTRUCTIONS
Idle the engine 3 to 5 minutes before
operating with a load.
With the key in the "ON" position, the
engine warning lamps will come on
momentarily and then go out. The
engine warning lamps include:
1.
Check engine lamp; amber in
color.
2.
STOP engine lamp; red in color.
3.
Aftertreatment Diesel Particulate
Filter; yellow in color.
4.
Aftertreatment Diesel Exhaust
Fluid lamp; amber in color.
5.
Malfunction Indicator lamp; amber
in color.
6.
High Exhaust System
Temperature; amber in color.
warning may be accompanied by the
DEF Level in the low range, DEF Lamp
on solid or flashing, the Check Engine
lamp, the Stop Engine lamp, the MIL
lamp, and/or engine derate.
If any of the lamps remain on or begin
to flash, refer to “Engine Indicator
Lamps” on page 3-3.
4
The DEF Warning screen is displayed
when the DEF Fluid level has reached
a critically low level. It may be
suppressed by pushing enter on the
MCS (Menu Control Switch). This
4-5
DRIVING INSTRUCTIONS
Under cold conditions, the Wait-to-Start
lamp will illuminate at key on, and
will stay on for a period of up to 30
seconds.
NOTE
4
The length of time the Wait-to-Start
lamp remains illuminated depends
on the ambient temperature. The
lower the ambient temperature, the
longer the lamp will be illuminated.
Once the Wait-to-Start lamp turns off,
turn the key to the starting position to
start the engine.
4-6
NOTE
CAUTION
Some engines are equipped with an
engine starting motor protection feature. If the starting motor is engaged
for 30 or more seconds, without the
engine starting, the starter will be
locked out from operating, allowing
for proper cooling of the starting motor. During this time, the WAIT TO
START lamp will flash for 2 minutes.
Once the lamp discontinues flashing, the starting motor will be allowed
to function.
Engaging the starter motor for more
than 30 seconds may cause it
to overheat and can damage the
starter motor. Never engage the
starter motor for more than 30 seconds and wait 2 minutes between
each attempt to start the engine
to allow the starter motor to cool.
This caution does not apply to air
starters.
NOTE
Engines equipped with air starting
motors require a minimum of 480
kPa [70 psi].
DRIVING INSTRUCTIONS
CAUTION
The engine must have adequate oil
pressure within 15 seconds after
starting the engine. If the oil pressure gauge does not register the
minimum pressure, or drops below
the minimum pressure, a red warning light in the gauge will come on,
a warning buzzer will sound, and
the Stop Engine Lamp will come
on. This should be considered an
emergency. Operating the engine
in this condition may cause severe
engine damage. You should stop
the vehicle as safely as possible.
The vehicle must be serviced and
the problem corrected before driving
again.
Idle the engine 3 to 5 minutes before
operating with a load.
After starting a cold engine, increase
the engine speed (rpm) slowly to
provide adequate lubrication to the
bearings and to allow the oil pressure
to stabilize.
4-7
4
DRIVING INSTRUCTIONS
NOTE
For engines equipped with the engine warm-up protection feature;
this feature limits engine speed and
torque following engine start-up until
sufficient oil pressure is available to
the engine components. This feature reduces the risk of engine part
damage due to operating at engine
speeds too high or loads before adequate oil pressure is achieved.
4
Some engines are equipped with a
Fast Idle Warm Up feature. When
enabled, this feature elevates the idle
speed of the engine in cold ambient
conditions, in order to shorten the time
necessary to warm up the engine.
When the idle speed is elevated, the
engine noise may change, this is
normal. To bring the engine back to
low idle speed:
4-8
•
For vehicles equipped with a
manual transmission and clutch
switch: Depress the clutch pedal.
•
For vehicles equipped with a brake
switch: Depress the service brake
pedal.
•
Depress the accelerator pedal.
For more information on the Fast Idle
Warm Up feature, contact a PACCAR
authorized repair location.
CAUTION
Do not operate the engine at low idle
for long periods with engine coolant
temperature below the minimum
specification in “Cooling System” on
page 5-17. This can result in the
following:
•
Fuel dilution of the lubricating oil.
•
Carbon build up in the cylinder.
•
Cylinder head valve sticking.
•
Reduced performance.
If an engine must idle for an extended period of time, it should
be done at fast idle (1,000 rpm or
greater) until the coolant temperature meets the specification.
DRIVING INSTRUCTIONS
Cold Weather Starting
Using Starting Aids
General Information
CAUTION
General Information
To reduce the possibility of damage to the lubricating oil pan, due
to the composite materials used in
the manufacture of the lubricating oil
pan, under no circumstances should
an external heat source be applied
directly or indirectly to the lubricating
oil pan.
Follow the Normal Starting Procedure
in this section. If equipped with an
intake air heater, the Wait-To-Start
lamp will stay on longer.
Refer to the vehicle operator's manual
instructions for any additional cold
weather starting procedures.
Starting Procedure After
Extended Shutdown or Oil
Change
Follow the Normal Starting Procedure
in this section. The engine will run at
idle only until the minimum oil pressure
is detected by the ECM. It can take
more cranking time to start the engine
after an extended shut down or oil
change.
4
This engine is equipped with an intake
grid heater to help start the engine in
cold weather conditions. Contact your
authorized PACCAR repair location for
other cold weather starting aid options.
WARNING!
Using starting fluid to help start the
engine could cause a fire or explosion, resulting in personal injury,
property damage and severe engine
damage. Do not use starting fluid to
start this engine.
4-9
DRIVING INSTRUCTIONS
Operating the Engine
Normal
Monitor the oil pressure and coolant
temperature gauges frequently. Refer
to “Lubricating Oil System” on page
5-15 and “Cooling System” on page
5-17 for recommended operating
pressures and temperatures. Shut
off the engine if any pressure or
temperature does not meet the
specifications.
Engine Overheating
Continuous operation with engine
coolant temperature above or below
the engine coolant temperature
specifications listed in “Cooling
System” on page 5-17 can damage
the engine.
CAUTION
The cooling system may overheat if
the engine coolant is at the minimum
level. A sudden loss of coolant,
caused by a split hose or broken
hose clamp could also lead to an
overheat condition. Always inspect
to ensure hoses and clamps are not
cracked, worn, or loose. Failure to
comply may result in equipment or
property damage.
4
NOTE
The system may also temporarily
overheat during severe operations
conditions such as:
4-10
•
Climbing a hill on a hot day.
•
Stopping after high-speed/highload driving.
•
Debris blocking air flow through
the cooling module (radiator).
DRIVING INSTRUCTIONS
NOTE
If an overheating condition starts to
occur, reduce the power output of the
engine by releasing the accelerator
pedal or shifting the transmission
to a lower gear, or both, until the
temperature returns to the normal
operating range. If the engine
temperature does not return to
normal, shut off the engine, and refer
to Troubleshooting Symptoms, or
contact a PACCAR Authorized Repair
Location.
If the engine coolant temperature
warning lamp comes on and the
audible alarm sounds showing an
overheat condition, or if you have
any other reason to suspect the engine may be overheating, DO NOT
TURN OFF THE ENGINE unless a
low water warning device indicates a
loss of coolant. Follow these steps:
1.
Reduce engine speed or stop.
When stopped, place the
transmission in neutral and set the
parking brake. See the vehicle
operator's manual for instructions
on transmission shifting and
parking brake information.
2.
Check to ensure that the oil
pressure gauge reads normal.
3.
Increase the engine speed to
about one-half of full operating
speed, or 1,100 to 1,200 rpm,
maximum for 2-3 minutes.
4.
Return the engine speed to normal
idle after two or three minutes.
5.
Monitor the engine temperature.
After the temperature returns to
normal, allow the engine to idle
3-5 minutes before shutting it off.
This allows the engine to cool
gradually and uniformly.
6.
If the overheating came from
severe operating conditions, the
temperature should have cooled
by this time.
7.
Check the sight gauge (glass
level indicator) on the side of the
coolant expansion tank.
4-11
4
DRIVING INSTRUCTIONS
CAUTION
Never leave the engine idling when
the vehicle is unattended. If the engine should overheat, immediate action is required to correct the condition. Failure to take immediate
action may result in serious engine
damage. If you must leave your vehicle unattended, shut down the engine.
4
WARNING!
Removing the radiator fill cap while
the engine is hot can be dangerous.
Never remove the radiator tank cap
while the engine is still hot; you could
be badly burned. Failure to comply
may result in death, personal injury,
equipment or property damage.
Removing the surge tank fill cap while
the engine is too hot is dangerous.
Scalding steam and fluid under
pressure may escape and cause
4-12
serious personal injuries. When
removing the surge tank fill cap, follow
these steps:
1.
Wait until the coolant temperature
is below 122°F [50°C].
2.
Protect your face, hands, and
arms by covering the cap with a
large, thick rag to protect against
escaping fluid and steam.
3.
Carefully and slowly turn the cap
one turn to allow excess pressure
to escape, then push down and
turn for final removal. See the
vehicle operator's manual for
instructions on checking and filling
the cooling module surge tank.
Take the time to learn what normal
operating conditions are for your
engine so that when an abnormal
condition arises, you will be able to
recognize it as such and take the
appropriate action.
Most failures give an early warning.
Look and listen for changes in
performance, sound, or engine
appearance that can indicate service
or engine repair is needed. Some
changes to look for are:
•
Engine misfires.
•
Vibration.
•
Unusual engine noises.
•
Sudden changes in engine
operating temperatures or
pressures.
•
Excessive smoke.
•
Loss of power.
DRIVING INSTRUCTIONS
•
An increase in oil consumption.
•
An increase in fuel consumption.
•
Fuel, oil, or coolant leaks.
CAUTION
Do not allow your engine to idle,
at low rpm's (400-600 rpm), longer
than five minutes.
Long periods of idling after the engine has
reached operating temperatures
can decrease engine temperature
and cause gummed piston rings,
clogged injectors, and possible engine damage from lack of lubrication. The normal torsional vibrations
generated by the engine can also
cause transmission wear.
If an
engine must idle for an extended
period of time, it should be done at
fast idle (1,000 rpm or greater).
Cold Weather
NOTE
An idle shutdown feature, available
on PACCAR Engines, can be programmed to shut the engine down
after a period of low idle speed operation with no driver activity. A
flashing warning lamp will inform the
driver of an impending shutdown.
If the truck is equipped with PTO
equipment, the idle shutdown system can be deactivated when the
PTO is operational; however, engine
low RPM idle periods should not exceed 5 minutes whenever possible.
NOTE
The power take off (PTO) feature,
available on PACCAR engines, can
be programmed to adjust engine idle
speed with the use of switches to
pre-programmed set points.
It is possible to operate engines in
extremely cold environments if they
are properly prepared and maintained.
Satisfactory performance of an
engine in low ambient temperature
conditions requires modification of
the engine, surrounding equipment,
operating practices and maintenance
procedures.
The correct engine coolant, lubricating
oil and fuels must be used for the cold
weather range in which the engine is
being operated. See the Maintenance
Section on page 5-3 for these critical
engine fluids recommendations and
specifications.
4-13
4
DRIVING INSTRUCTIONS
Cold Weather Operating Aids
The following cold weather operating
aids are required for cold weather
situations:
4
4-14
DRIVING INSTRUCTIONS
Engine Shutdown
Before Stopping the Engine
NOTE
For engines equipped with an electronic control module (ECM) ensure the key switch is turned off
for a minimum of 70 seconds prior
to disconnecting the continuous
(unswitched) battery power supply. If the unswitched battery power
supply is disconnected in less than
70 seconds after the key switch is
turned off, active fault codes and incorrect ECM information can occur.
Allow the engine to idle 3 to 5 minutes
before shutting it off after a full-load
operation. This allows adequate cool
down of pistons, cylinders, bearings,
and turbocharger components. You
will greatly increase its service life.
Turn the ignition switch to the OFF
position. If the engine does not
shut down, refer to Troubleshooting
Symptom (Section TS) in the
appropriate maintenance manual.
Electromagnetic
Interference (EMI)
General Information
If not installed correctly, some vehicle
accessories (CB radios, mobile
transmitters, etc.) can generate and
use radio frequency energy that may
cause electromagnetic interference
(EMI) between the accessory and
the electronic controlled fuel system.
Under these conditions, PACCAR
is not liable for any performance
problems with either the fuel system or
the accessory. EMI is not considered
by PACCAR to be an engine failure
and therefore is not warrantable.
CAUTION
Failure to follow the correct shutdown procedure may result in damage to the turbocharger and shorten
the turbocharger life.
4-15
4
DRIVING INSTRUCTIONS
4
System EMI Susceptibility
System EMI Radiation Levels
°
PACCAR products are designed
and tested for minimum sensitivity
to incoming electromagnetic energy.
The fuel system EMI susceptibility
has been designed with a high
tolerance against EMI and in most
normal circumstances, if not all,
electromagnetic energy-emitting
devices that meet the Federal
Communications Commission legal
requirements should cause no
interference.
Electronic components are required
to pass various PACCAR and industry
EMI specifications. Our testing
has shown that when the engine is
properly installed and maintained, it
will not interfere with properly installed
onboard communication equipment.
Determine the optimum
antenna location by obtaining
antenna reflective energy data
measurements.
°
Ensure that the optimum
antenna type and mounting
arrangement is being used.
°
Ensure the accessory
equipment is properly
constructed for maximum
filtering to reject incoming
electromagnetic noise.
If any interference condition is noticed,
follow these suggestions to reduce the
amount of EMI:
1.
Locate the accessory receiving
antenna further away.
2.
Check with the accessory supplier
representative in your area to:
°
4-16
Accurately calibrate the
accessory for proper
frequency, power output,
and sensitivity.
DRIVING INSTRUCTIONS
Tips for Operation on Level
and Dry Pavement
WARNING!
Do not use the engine brake when
operating on road surfaces with poor
traction (such as wet, icy, or snow
covered roads or gravel). Retarders
can cause the wheels to skid on
a slippery surface. You could lose
control of the vehicle and/or jackknife if the wheels begin to skid, resulting in an accident. Failure to
comply may result in death, personal
injury, equipment or property damage.
WARNING!
Do not use an engine brake when
driving bobtail or with an unloaded
trailer. There may not be enough
weight on the rear axle to provide
traction. This could cause a loss
of control and jackknife resulting
in an injury accident. Make sure
the engine brake is switched "OFF"
when bobtailing or with an unloaded
trailer. Failure to comply may result
in death, personal injury, equipment
or property damage.
To reduce vehicle speed, put the
engine brake ON/OFF switch in the
"ON" position. Remove your foot from
the accelerator pedal and clutch pedal.
The engine brakes will immediately
begin to operate, slowing the vehicle.
For operation on dry pavement when
maximum retarding power is required,
put the two-position selector switch in
the "HI" position.
For operation on dry and relatively flat
surfaces, when greater retarding power
is not required, put the two-position
selector switch in the "LOW" position.
4-17
4
DRIVING INSTRUCTIONS
Tips for Operation on Grades
with Dry Pavement
WARNING!
4
The engine brake is not intended as
the primary brake for the vehicle,
nor is it an emergency brake. The
service brakes must be used in an
emergency. Relying solely on the
engine brake to stop the vehicle in
an emergency could cause an accident and lead to personal injury. The
engine brake only helps the service
brakes by using pressure to slow the
drive train. You must use the service brakes for quick or emergency
stops. Failure to comply may result
in death, personal injury, equipment
or property damage.
4-18
WARNING!
WARNING!
Do not use the engine brake when
operating on surface with poor traction (such as wet, icy, or snow covered roads). Retarders can cause
the wheels to skid on a slippery surface. You could lose control of the
vehicle and jacknife if the wheels
begin to skid, resulting in an accident. Failure to comply may result
in death, personal injury, equipment
or property damage.
Do not use an engine brake when
driving bobtail or with an unloaded
trailer. There may not be enough
weight on the rear axle to provide
traction. This could cause a loss
of control and jackknife resulting
in an injury accident. Make sure
the engine brake is switched "OFF"
when bobtailing or with an unloaded
trailer. Failure to comply may result
in death, personal injury, equipment
or property damage.
DRIVING INSTRUCTIONS
Control speed is the speed at which
the forces pushing a vehicle down a
grade are equal to the forces holding
it back.
CAUTION
Never exceed governed engine
speed because engine damage can
occur. Operating engine beyond the
governed speed causes additional
strain on valve train and internal engine components. Operate the engine within governed engine speed.
NOTE
WARNING!
Once you have determined what the
safe speed is for your vehicle, operate the engine brakes with the transmission in the lowest gear that will
not cause the engine speed to exceed the rated engine speed. The
optimum braking power of the engine brakes is reached at rated engine speed. Correct gear selection,
therefore, is critical.
Frequent use of the service brakes
will cause them to heat up, reducing
their ability to slow or stop the vehicle.
4
The two-position selector switch can
be used to vary braking power as road
conditions change.
Vehicle service brakes must be used
when additional braking power is
required.
The engine brake is NOT intended as
the primary brake for the vehicle, nor
is it an emergency brake. The engine
brake only helps the service brakes by
using pressure to slow the drivetrain.
Use the service brakes for quick stops.
4-19
DRIVING INSTRUCTIONS
NOTE
The longer or steeper the hill, the
more important it is to use your engine brakes. Make maximum use of
your engine brakes by gearing down
and letting the engine brakes do the
work.
4
Tips for Operation on Slick
Roads
The operation of any vehicle is difficult
to predict on slick roads. The first 10
to 15 minutes of rainfall are the most
dangerous, as road dirt and oil mixed
with rain create a very slippery surface.
WARNING!
WARNING!
Do not drive with frequent or continuous use of the service brakes.
This can overheat the brakes and
result in excessive lining wear, increased stopping distances, possibly an accident and may lead to
personal injury. Before descending
a steep grade, shift to a lower gear,
keep the vehicle speed low, and
avoid continuous application to the
brakes. Failure to comply may result
in death, personal injury, equipment
or property damage.
To reduce the possibility of personal
injury or property damage, always
allow for extra distance between
your vehicle and other objects when
using the service brakes or engine
brakes on slick roads.
4-20
If frequent use of the vehicle service
brakes is required, it is recommended
that a slower control speed be used by
selecting a lower transmission gear.
DRIVING INSTRUCTIONS
When driving on slick roads, start
with the ON/OFF switch in the “OFF”
position and the two-position selector
switch in the "LOW" position.
WARNING!
Do not operate the engine brake
when driving/operating your vehicle
bobtail or with a loaded or unloaded
trailer on road surfaces with poor
traction (wet, icy, or snow covered
roads) or in heavy traffic. Braking
caused by the normal operation of
the engine brake could cause you
to lose control of the vehicle resulting in an injury accident. Failure
to comply may result in death, personal injury, equipment or property
damage.
If your tractor is equipped with a
twin-screw rear axle, position the
power divider switch in the unlocked
position.
Remove your foot from the accelerator
pedal to make sure the vehicle will
maintain traction with the retarding
power of the engine alone.
If the vehicle drive wheels begin to skid
or if there is a fishtailing motion, do not
activate the engine brakes.
If traction is maintained using the
retarding power of the engine alone
and more braking power is required,
switch the two-position selector switch
to the "LOW" position and activate
the engine brakes by switching the
ON/OFF switch to the "ON" position.
If the vehicle’s drive wheels begin to
skid or there is a fishtailing motion,
switch the ON/OFF switch to the "OFF"
position.
If traction is maintained when the
engine brakes are activated and more
braking power is required, move the
two-position selector switch to the "HI"
position.
4-21
4
DRIVING INSTRUCTIONS
Again, if the vehicle has lost traction or
if there is a fishtailing motion, switch
the ON/OFF switch to the "OFF"
position. Do not attempt to use the
engine brakes in the "HI" position.
4
4-22
MAINTENANCE
MAINTENANCE GUIDELINES
Overview . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5-3
Maintenance Schedule . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5-3
Maintenance Record Form . . . . . . . . . . . 5-13
Maintenance Specifications
General Engine Specifications . . . . . . . . .
Lubricating Oil System. . . . . . . . . . . . .
Cooling System. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Filter Specifications . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Diesel Exhaust Fluid Recommendations and
Specifications . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Fuel Recommendations . . . . . . . . . . . .
Warranty and the Use of Biodiesel Fuel . . . . .
Lubricating Oil Recommendations and Specifications
Coolant Recommendations and Specifications . .
5-14
5-15
5-17
5-19
5-20
5-22
5-25
5-26
5-31
5
5-1
MAINTENANCE GUIDELINES
MAINTENANCE
GUIDELINES
Overview
General Information
PACCAR recommends that the
engine be maintained according to the
maintenance schedule in this section.
If the engine is operating in ambient
temperatures below 0°F [-18°C]
or above 100°F [38°C], perform
maintenance at shorter intervals.
Shorter maintenance intervals are also
required if the engine is operated in a
dusty environment or if frequent stops
are made.
Maintenance Schedule
If your engine is equipped with
a component or accessory not
manufactured by PACCAR Inc, refer
to the component manufacturer's
maintenance recommendations.
General Information
Perform maintenance at whichever
interval occurs first.
At each scheduled maintenance
interval, perform all previous
maintenance checks that are due for
scheduled maintenance.
Use the Maintenance Record Form
on page 5-13 to record maintenance
performed on the engine.
5
Some of these maintenance
procedures require special tools
or must be completed by qualified
personnel. Contact your local
PACCAR authorized repair location for
detailed information.
5-3
MAINTENANCE GUIDELINES
Daily or Refueling – Maintenance
Check
•
°
Remove dipstick and wipe it
off with a clean, lint free rag.
°
Reinsert dipstick all the way in
and pull it out again to check
oil level.
Fuel – Water Separator (if
installed) - Drain trapped water
•
Crankcase Breather Tube - Check
•
Aftertreatment Diesel Exhaust
Fluid Level - Check
5-4
•
Correct oil level is between
the low (L) and high (H) marks
on the dipstick.
•
Air Intake Piping – Inspect
°
Engine Lubrication Oil Level Check/Correct
To check engine oil level, park
vehicle on level ground and wait 5
minutes after shutting off engine.
°
5
•
•
Hose/Pipe condition –
Chaffing, deterioration/signs
of leaking
°
Hose clamps for tightness
°
Clearance to other
components
•
Air Tank and Reservoirs (if
equipped) - Inspect
•
Engine Coolant Level –
Check/Correct
With the engine off and
temperature cool:
°
Check coolant level. It should
be visible through the clear
plastic surge tank.
°
Add coolant as necessary by
removing the pressure cap on
the neck of the surge tank or
sight glass.
°
Replacement or top up
coolant should have the same
antifreeze concentration and
corrosion inhibitor content
as the original coolant in the
cooling system.
°
Never add 100% antifreeze to
the cooling system. Always
Aftertreatment Exhaust Piping –
Inspect
°
Cracks
°
Clearance to other
components (i.e. electrical
harnesses, etc.)
°
Hose/pipe condition –
deterioration/signs of leaking
Cooling Fan – Inspect
°
Cracks
°
Clearance to other
components
MAINTENANCE GUIDELINES
dilute antifreeze to the correct
concentration based on freeze
protection before adding it to
the cooling system. Adding
or using 100% antifreeze in a
cooling system may result in
cooling system plugging and
overheating problems.
•
Every 12,000 km [7,500 mi], 250
Hours, or 3 months – Maintenance
Check
°
Cracked tubes or header
°
Clogged fins/tubes
•
Air Cleaner Restriction Check/Correct
°
Hose/Pipe Condition deterioration/signs of leaking
°
°
Hose clamp torque
Diesel Emission Fluid (DEF) level
– Check/Top Up:
NOTE
It is recommended to top up DEF
when refueling. See Engine Aftertreatment Systems Operator’s
Manual for DEF information.
•
Check for any signs of fluid
leaks
•
Ensure all access caps/covers are
installed and tight.
•
•
Service filter element when
air cleaner restriction gauge
(option) locks in the extreme
high position.
°
Hose/Pipe Condition deterioration/signs of leaking
°
Hose Clamp torque
•
Exhaust system - Check/Correct
°
Check for leaks and proper
support
Charge Air Piping - Check/Correct
°
Hose/Pipe Condition deterioration/signs of leaking
°
Hose Clamps for tightness
°
Clearance to other
components
5
Charge Air Cooler - Check/Correct
5-5
MAINTENANCE GUIDELINES
Every 24,000 km [15,000 mi], 500
Hours, or 6 months – Maintenance
Check
5
•
Fuel Filter (Spin On type) Replace8
•
Lubricating Oil – Change2
•
Lubricating Oil Filters – Replace2
•
Antifreeze Concentration - Check1
•
Radiator Pressure Cap - Check
•
Batteries – Check5
•
Battery Cables and Connections
– Check5
•
Battery Condition - electrolyte
level, cracks, signs of leaking,
overcharging
•
Harness/Cables - loose
connections, corrosion, chafing,
broken retention clips
•
Battery Hold-Downs - for tightness
5-6
•
Battery Box Mounting Bolt - torque
Every 48,000 km [30,000 mi], 1000
Hours, or 1 Year - Maintenance
Check
•
Drive Belt (Cooling Fan) - Change
•
Automatic Belt Tensioner (Water
Pump) - Check
•
Cooling System - Check
°
Radiator Pressure Cap Check
°
Supplemental
Additive/Conditioner level
°
Coolant level
°
Coolant Protection
°
Replace Coolant Filter (if
equipped)
MAINTENANCE GUIDELINES
NOTE
Test coolant at once per year to
determine if the coolant must be replaced. If it is determined that the
coolant should be replaced, make
sure to flush the coolant system.
Contact a PACCAR authorized repair location for flushing the coolant
system.
Every 96,000 km [60,000 mi], 2000
Hours, - Maintenance Check
•
Crankcase Breather Element Change
Every 96,000 km [60,000 mi], 2000
Hours, or 2 Years - Maintenance
Check
•
Cooling System - Drain/Flush/Fill1
•
Engine Steam Cleaning - Clean
•
Air Compressor Discharge Lines
- Clean
•
Radiator Hoses – Check
•
°
Hose condition deterioration/signs of leaking
°
Hose clamp torque
Crankshaft Vibration Damper Check4
5
°
Damper for cracks, nicks,
gouges
°
Condition of damper rubber
isolator
°
Damper fastener torque
5-7
MAINTENANCE GUIDELINES
Every 241,000 km [150,000 mi], 5,000
Hours, or 4 Years – Maintenance
Check
•
Engine Brake Assembly - Adjust
•
Exhaust System - Change
•
Overhead Set – Adjust 6
°
Every 321,500 km [200,000 mi], 6500
Hours – Maintenance Check
•
Replace exhaust flex pipe(s)
•
5
5-8
Aftertreatment Diesel Particulate
Filter (DPF) cleaning, using DPF
cleaning machine7
°
Complete Cleaning of filter
using a DPF cleaning machine
°
Replace filter if necessary
Aftertreatment Diesel Exhaust
Fluid (DEF) Dosing Unit (DEF
Module) Filter – Change
Every 1,200,000 km [750,000
mi], 22,000 Hours, or 6 years –
Maintenance Check
•
Change extended life coolant
**(See note 1 below)
NOTE
Refer to the following footnotes
when referenced in the preceding
maintenance schedules.
1.
A heavy-duty extended life
coolant (ELC) that meets ASTM
D 6210 chemical composition
specifications must be used. The
change interval is 1,200,000 km
[750,000 mi] or 22,000 hours
on-road use (8 years or 15,000
hours off-highway use) on initial
fill with no extender added. The
change interval is 1,600,000 km
[1,000,000 mi]/20,000 hours/8
years with an extender addition at
800,000 km [500,000 mi]/10,000
hours/4 years. Antifreeze is
MAINTENANCE GUIDELINES
essential for freeze, overheat, and
corrosion protection. The use of
supplemental coolant additives
(SCAs) is not recommended.
2.
3.
4.
If equipped with rubber type
crankshaft vibration damper.
5.
Follow the manufacturers'
recommended maintenance
procedures for the starter,
alternator, batteries, electrical
components, engine brake,
exhaust brake, charge-air cooler,
radiator, air compressor, air
cleaner, refrigerant compressor,
and fan clutch.
The lubricating oil and lubricating
oil filter interval can be adjusted
based on application, fuel
consumption, gross vehicle
weight, and idle time. See the
Oil Drain Intervals table in this
procedure.
Service interval is every oil change
or 24,000 km [15,000 mi], 500
hours, or 6 months, whichever
occurs first. A heavy-duty
year-round antifreeze that meets
the chemical composition of
GM6038M must be used. The
change interval is 2 years
or 385,000 km [240,000 mi],
whichever occurs first. Antifreeze
is essential for freeze, overheat,
and corrosion protection. SCA
is essential for liner pitting and
scaling protection.
6.
Reset valve lash, if needed, to
nominal specifications. Refer to
“General Engine Specifications”
on page 5-14.
7.
The aftertreatment diesel
particulate filter clean/replace
interval is based on the use of
lubricating oils that meet the
Cummins Engineering Standard
(C.E.S.) 20081 oil specification.
If a non-low ash lubricating oil
meeting the American Petroleum
Institute (API) performance
classification CI-4/SL and/or
C.E.S. 20078 is used, the service
intervals for the aftertreatment
systems will be reduced to 241,000
km [150,000 mi] or 5000 hours.
8.
Replace the suction side and the
pressure side fuel filters at the
same time. It is recommended to
replace the fuel filters at the same
interval as the oil and oil filter are
changed.
5
5-9
MAINTENANCE GUIDELINES
Oil Drain Intervals
See the following table to determine
the maximum recommended oil
change and oil filter change intervals
in kilometers [miles]/hours or months,
whichever comes first.
NOTE
Idle time must be factored into calculating average vehicle speed.
5
The intervals are based on the
vehicle’s average vehicle speed.
Locate your vehicle’s average vehicle
speed in the first column to determine
the oil change/filter change interval to
use. If the vehicle is equipped with an
hour meter, it is acceptable to use the
engine hours listed for the oil change
and oil filter change interval.
If the average vehicle speed is
unknown and the vehicle is not
equipped with an hour meter:
5-10
1.
Reference the Typical Applications
column in Table - 1. Use the lowest
interval listed for your application.
2.
Connect an electronic service tool.
The electronic service tool can
provide the average vehicle speed
recorded by the engine’s ECM.
MAINTENANCE GUIDELINES
Table - 1 Oil Drain Intervals
Average Vehicle Speed
Kilometers
Miles
Hours
Months
Below 5 mph
2,400
1,500
500
6
5 to 10 mph
6,450
4,000
500
6
10 to 15 mph
9,650
6,000
500
6
15 to 20 mph
13,700
8,500
500
6
20 to 25 mph
16,900
10,500
500
6
25 to 30 mph
19,300
12,000
500
6
Typical
Applications
Shuttle Bus, Transit
Bus
Cement Mixer,
Dump Truck,
Feedlot Truck,
Refuse Truck,
Shuttle Bus, Transit
Bus, Yard Spotter
Cement Mixer,
Delivery Truck,
Dump Truck,
Emergency
Vehicle, Fire Truck,
School Bus, Truck
Crane
5
30 to 40 mph
24,100
15,000
500
6
Emergency
Vehicle, Fire Truck,
Linehaul Truck,
Motor Coach Bus,
School Bus
Above 40 mph
32,200
20,000
500
12
Recreation Vehicle
5-11
MAINTENANCE GUIDELINES
NOTE
A Maintenance Monitor feature is
available through the engine’s ECM.
This feature can be enabled by a
PACCAR Authorized Repair Location.
PACCAR bases its oil drain
specifications on duty cycle and
oil contamination. This contamination
occurs in all engines at varying rates
regardless of design.
5
Maintaining the correct oil and filter
change interval is a vital factor in
preserving the integrity of an engine.
Filters must be changed when the oil
is changed.
5-12
MAINTENANCE GUIDELINES
Maintenance Record Form
Engine Model:
Equipment Name/No.
Engine Serial No.
Owner’s Name:
Date
km [Miles], Hours,
or Time Interval
Actual km [Miles]
or Hours
Maintenance Check Check Performed
Performed
By
Comments
5
5-13
Maintenance Specifications
Maintenance
Specifications
General Engine
Specifications
Horsepower
Firing Order
Crankshaft Rotation (viewed from front of engine)
Displacement
Bore and Stroke
Dry Weight
Wet Weight
Overhead Adjustment
Engine Brake Adjustment
5
5-14
Intake Valve Adjustment
Exhaust Valve Adjustment
See engine dataplate.
1-5-3-6-2-4
Clockwise
8.9 liters [540 in³]
114 mm [4.49 in.] × 144.5 mm [5.69 in.]
769 kg [1,695 lb]
803 kg [1,770 lb]
0.305 mm [0.012 in.]
0.559 mm [0.022 in.]
2.286 mm [0.090 in.]
Maintenance Specifications
Lubricating Oil System
Oil Pressure
At Low Idle (minimum allowable)
At Road Speed (minimum allowable)
Regulated Oil Pressure
Lubricating Oil Filter Capacity
Oil Pan Capacity, Low to High
Total System Capacity
(Oil Pan and New Oil Filter)
Standard Oil Pan
Standard Oil Pan with Cylinder Block Stiffener Plate
High Capacity Oil Pan
Standard Oil Pan
Standard Oil Pan with Cylinder Block Stiffener Plate
High Capacity Oil Pan
69 kPa [10 psi]
207 kPa [30 psi]
379 kPa [55 psi]
3.78 liters [4 qt]
15.1 to 18.9 liters [16 to 20 qt]
18 to 21.8 liters [19 to 23 qt]
18.9 to 22.7 liters [20 to 24 qt]
22.7 liters [24 qt]
25.6 liters [27 qt]
26.5 liters [28 qt]
5
5-15
Maintenance Specifications
NOTE
If the type/oil capacity of each lubricating oil pan is not known:
5
•
Contact a PACCAR® Authorized
Repair Location.
•
Determine the capacity of the oil
pan option for the engine being
serviced by using QuickServe™
Online and the engine serial
number.
•
Fill the lubricating oil pan to the
smallest oil pan capacity listed
for the engine being serviced.
Then add 0.95 liters [1 qt] of oil
at a time until it reaches the high
mark on the dipstick. Record the
number of liters/quarts added, so
the capacity is known the next
time the oil is drained.
5-16
Maintenance Specifications
Cooling System
Coolant Capacity (engine only)
Standard Modulating Thermostat Range
15.6 liters [16.5 qt]
82 to 93°C [180 to 200°F]
Minimum Recommended Pressure Cap
Maximum Top Tank Coolant Temperature
Minimum Fill Rate
(without low-level alarm)
Maximum Deaeration Time
Maximum Top Tank Coolant Temperature
Winterfronts
90 kPa [13 psi]
107°C [225°F]
11.4 liters/minute [3 gpm]
Minimum Allowed Air Passage Area
25 minutes
107°C [225°F]
774 cm² [120 in.²]
5
5-17
Maintenance Specifications
WARNING!
Coolant is toxic. Do not get the
fluid in eyes. If contact with the
eyes occurs, flood eyes with large
amounts of water for 15 minutes.
Avoid prolonged or repeated contact
with skin. In case of contact, immediately wash skin with soap and
water. Do not take internally. If
swallowed, seek immediate medical attention. Do not induce vomiting. Failure to comply may result in
death, personal injury, equipment or
property damage.
5
5-18
NOTE
Coolant is harmful to the environment. Unused coolant must be
stored as a toxic hazardous material in leakproof containers. Used
coolant must be processed as industrial chemical waste. Please
follow HAZMAT guidelines with both
used and unused coolants.
Maintenance Specifications
Filter Specifications
General Information
Fleetguard filters are standard on
new PACCAR engines. PACCAR
recommends their use.
Fleetguard products meet all PACCAR
test standards to provide the quality
filtration necessary to achieve the
engine's design life. If other brands
are substituted, the purchaser should
ensure the filter specification meet or
exceed the Fleetguard specifications.
PACCAR cannot be responsible for
problems caused by non-genuine filters
that do not meet PACCAR performance
or durability requirements.
Filter Part Numbers
Lubricating Oil Filter
LF9009
Fleetguard® Part
Number
Fuel Filter
(secondary, pressure
side) Fleetguard®
FF63008
Part Number
(Square Drive Base)
Fuel Filter
(secondary, pressure
side) Fleetguard®
FF63009
Part Number
(Hex Drive Base)
Fuel Filter (primary,
suction side, with
water-in-fuel sensor) FS1065
Fleetguard® Part
Number
Crankcase Breather
Element Fleetguard® CV5060300
Part Number
Aftertreatment DEF
Dosing Unit Filter Part 2880298
Number
NOTE
An LF9009 lubricating oil filter must
be used. A venturi type lubricating
oil filter must be used in order to benefit from the bypass filtration section
of the lubricating oil filter. Do not use
an LF3000 lubricating oil filter. Engine durability will be reduced by using the wrong lubricating oil filter.
5
5-19
Maintenance Specifications
NOTE
NOTE
The fuel system requires the use of
two fuel filters.
Early production pressure side fuel
filters were built with a square drive
feature for installation and removal.
Later built pressure side fuel filters
transitioned to a hex drive feature.
The drive feature is the only difference between the pressure side fuel
filters.
The suction-side filter must have the
following characteristics:
5
•
Water separating
•
10-micron rating
•
Water-in-fuel sensor with shunt
resistor
•
Water drain valve
•
Engine mounted or chassis
mounted.
•
Water separating
The pressure-side filter must have the
following characteristics:
•
5-micron rating
•
Engine mounted or chassis
mounted.
5-20
Diesel Exhaust Fluid
Recommendations and
Specifications
WARNING!
It is unlawful to tamper with or remove any component of the aftertreatment system. It is also unlawful to use a Diesel Exhaust Fluid
(DEF) that does not meet the specifications provided or to operate the
vehicle/equipment with no Diesel
Exhaust Fluid (DEF).
Maintenance Specifications
WARNING!
NOTE
Diesel Exhaust Fluid (DEF) contains
urea. Do not get the substance
in your eyes. In case of contact,
immediately flush eyes with large
amounts of water for a minimum of
15 minutes. Do not swallow internally. In the event the diesel exhaust
fluid is ingested, contact a physician
immediately. Reference the Materials Safety Data Sheets (MSDS)
for additional information. Failure to
comply may result in personal injury.
Some locations may reference the
DIN 70070 standard. Diesel Exhaust Fluid specification limits of
this standard are identical to ISO
22241-1. See the Engine Aftertreatment Systems Operator's Manual
for further information on Diesel Exhaust Fluid.
CAUTION
Never attempt to create Diesel Exhaust Fluid by mixing agricultural
grade urea with water. Agricultural
grade urea does not meet the necessary specifications required and
the aftertreatment system may be
damaged. Failure to comply may
result in equipment damage.
Fluid. See the Engine Aftertreatment
Systems Operator's Manual for further
information on Diesel Exhaust Fluid.
PACCAR Inc. is not responsible for
failures or damage resulting from
what PACCAR Inc. determines to be
abuse or neglect, including but not
limited to: operation without correctly
specified Diesel Exhaust Fluid; lack
of maintenance of aftertreatment;
improper storage, or shutdown
practices; unauthorized modifications
of the engine and aftertreatment.
PACCAR Inc. is also not responsible
for failures caused by incorrect Diesel
Exhaust Fluid or by water, dirt or other
contaminants in the Diesel Exhaust
5
5-21
Maintenance Specifications
Fuel Recommendations
WARNING!
The use of diesel fuel that has been
mixed with other fuels may cause
an explosion. Do not mix gasoline, alcohol, or gasohol with diesel
fuel. Make sure you know your fuel
source and use the recommended
diesel fuel as indicated in this section of the manual. Failure to comply
may result in death, personal injury,
equipment or property damage.
CAUTION
CAUTION
Dirt or water in the fuel system can
cause severe damage to both the
fuel pump and the fuel injectors.
Due to the precise tolerances of
diesel injection systems, it is extremely important that the fuel be
kept clean and free of dirt or water.
Know your fuel source and make
sure all steps are taken for dispensing or using clean fuel in your vehicle. Failure to comply may result in
equipment or property damage.
Lighter fuel can reduce economy or
possibly damage fuel system components. Lighter fuels typically do
not have enough lubricity elements
in the fuel to properly lubricate the
fuel injection system. Be sure you
follow the fuel recommendations as
indicated in this section of the manual. Failure to comply may result in
equipment or property damage.
CAUTION
Using diesel fuels blended with lubricants may cause damage to your
exhaust aftertreatment system. Service intervals for aftertreatment systems will be reduced. Do not use
diesel fuel blended with lubricating
oil in engines equipped with an aftertreatment system. Failure to comply may result in equipment or property damage.
5
5-22
Maintenance Specifications
CAUTION
CAUTION
Do not use high-sulfur diesel fuel as
it will damage the exhaust aftertreatment system. Also, the engine will
not meet emission regulations. Use
only ultra-low-sulfur diesel (ULSD)
fuel. Failure to comply may result in
equipment or property damage.
If ultra-low-sulfur diesel fuel is not
used, the engine may not meet
emission regulations, and damage
may occur to the exhaust aftertreatment system. The use of high-sulfur
diesel fuel will damage the exhaust
aftertreatment system and impact
the engine emission. Ultra-low-sulfur diesel fuel is required for correct operation of the aftertreatment
system. The engine has been optimized for use with an aftertreatment
system to meet the 2013 U.S. Environmental Protection Agency regulations. Failure to comply may result
in equipment or property damage.
Ultra-low sulfur diesel fuel is defined
as diesel fuel not exceeding 0.0015
[15 ppm] mass percent sulfur content
(ultra-low diesel fuel is also defined by
ASTM S-15). There are no acceptable
substitutes.
PACCAR recommends the use of
ASTM number 2D fuel. The use of
number 2 diesel fuel will result in
optimum engine performance.
At operating temperatures below 0°C
[32°F], acceptable performance can
be obtained by using blends of number
2D and number 1D.
The following chart lists acceptable
types of fuels for this engine.
NOTE
The engine has been optimized for
use with an aftertreatment system
together with ULSD fuel to meet the
2013 U.S. Environmental Protection
Agency (EPA) regulations.
5-23
5
Maintenance Specifications
Acceptable Types of Fuels
Number 1D Number 2D Number 1K
Jet-A
Jet-A1
JP-5
JP-8
Jet-B
JP-4
CITE
Diesel(1) (2)
Diesel(2)
Kerosene
OK
OK
NOT OK
NOT OK
NOT OK
NOT OK
NOT OK
NOT OK
NOT OK
NOT OK
48-34(3)
40-24(3)
50-35(3)
51-37(3)
51-37(3)
48-36(3)
51-37(3)
57-45(3)
57-45(3)
57-45(3)
1. Any adjustment to compensate for reduced performance with a fuel system using alternate fuel is not warrantable.
2. Winter blend fuels, such as found at commercial fuel dispensing outlets, are combinations of number 1D and number 2D diesel fuel and
are acceptable.
3. BTU Content/Degree API Gravity - Low API gravity fuels have a higher thermal energy content (BTU). As a general rule, there is a 3 to 5
percent decrease in BTU content for every 10 degree increase in API gravity, there is also a 0.7 degree API gravity increase with an
increase in fuel temperature. This decrease in energy content equates roughly to the same percentage of power loss. Use of fuels with
higher API gravity will cause higher than normal fuel consumption.
NOTE
5
PACCAR recommends that the
cetane number of diesel fuel be a
minimum of 45 for engines that are
expected to operate at temperatures
below 0°C [32°F] and a minimum of
42 for engines that are operated at
temperatures above 0°C [32°F].
5-24
NOTE
NOTE
Using diesel fuel with a lower than
recommended cetane number can
cause hard starting, instability, and
excessive white smoke. To maintain
satisfactory operation at low ambient
temperatures, it is important to specify diesel fuel of the correct cetane
number.
PACCAR requires all permissible
fuels to have adequate fuel lubricity. Lubricity can be measured by
ASTM, specification D6079, ISO
12156, High Frequency Reciprocating Rig (HFRR) in which the fuel
must have a wear scar diameter of
0.52 mm [0.02 in] or less.
Maintenance Specifications
NOTE
For information on alternative fuels,
such as biodiesel, and additional information for fuel recommendations
and specifications, please refer to
the Fuel for PACCAR Engines, Bulletin 3379001.
Warranty and the Use of
Biodiesel Fuel
PACCAR Inc approves the use of
biodiesel fuel blends up to 5% by
volume in diesel fuel that meets all of
the following three conditions:
•
The biodiesel used in the blend
meets ASTM Standard D 6751 or
EN 14214 specifications.
•
The biodiesel used in the blend
is sourced from a BQ-9000
Accredited Producer.
•
The finished blend meets the fuel
properties of ASTM Standard D
975 or EN 590 specifications.
Failures caused by the use of
non-approved biodiesel fuels or other
fuel additives that are of unacceptable
quality or do not meet specified
industry standards are not considered
as defects of parts or workmanship
by PACCAR and therefore will not
be covered by the PACCAR engine
warranty.
5
The use of approved biodiesel fuel
does not affect the PACCAR engine
warranty.
5-25
Maintenance Specifications
Lubricating Oil
Recommendations and
Specifications
General Information
CAUTION
5
Extending the oil and filter change
interval beyond the recommendations will decrease the engine life
due to factors such as corrosion,
deposits, and wear. Engine oil filters
capture dirt and remove deposits
from the oil to prolong the life of internal moving components. Follow
the oil and filter change intervals
as recommended in this section of
the manual. Failure to comply may
result in equipment or property damage.
5-26
The use of quality engine lubricating
oils, combined with appropriate oil
drain and filter change intervals, is a
critical factor in maintaining engine
performance and durability. Extending
the oil and filter change interval beyond
the recommendations will decrease
engine life due to factors such as
corrosion, deposits, and wear. Refer
to “Oil Drain Intervals” on page 5-11
to determine which oil drain interval to
use for an application.
NOTE
It is the owners responsibility to
correctly follow lubricating oil recommendations. If recommendations
are ignored, the engine warranty
could be affected.
API: American Petroleum Institute
CES: Cummins Engineering
Standard
PACCAR allows, for midrange
applications, the use of lubricating
oils that meet or exceed CES 20078
or CES 20081 with no change in
oil drain interval. But, if a non-low
ash lubricating oil meeting the
Cummins Engineering Standard
(CES) classification CES 20078 is
used, the service interval(s) for the
aftertreatment system will be reduced.
Maintenance Specifications
To determine if the lubricating oil meets
CES 20078 or CES 20081, review the
label on the back of the lubricating oil
bottle for the CES 20078 or CES 20081
reference. If acquiring the lubricating
oil in bulk, contact the supplier for
the lubricating oil specifications and
confirm that the oil meets CES 20078
or CES 20081.
Also located on the lubricating oil
bottle is the API service symbol which
is shown in the illustration. The
upper half of the symbol displays the
appropriate oil categories. The center
section identifies the SAE oil viscosity
grade.
5
The following table shows how the
Cummins Engineering Standard (CES)
compares to the American Petroleum
Institute (API) classification.
5-27
Maintenance Specifications
Cummins Engine Standard
Classification (CES)
CES-20071
CES-20072
CES-20076
CES-20077
American Petroleum Institute
Classification (API)
CES-20078
CI-4/SL
CES-20081
CJ-4/SL
NOTE
5
A lubricating oil that meets the
American Petroleum Institute (API)
performance classification CJ-4/SL
may not meet the CES 20081 requirement. Always make sure the
lubricating oil used meets the CES
20081 requirement in addition to
the API performance classification
CJ-4/SL.
PACCAR recommends the use of
high-quality SAE 15W-40 heavy-duty
engine oil.
5-28
API CH-4/SJ
The primary PACCAR
recommendation is for the use of
15W- 40 multigrade lubricating oil
for normal operation at ambient
temperatures above -15°C [5°F].
The use of multigrade oil reduces
deposit formation, improves engine
cranking in low temperature conditions
and increases engine durability by
maintaining lubrication during high
temperature operating conditions.
Since multigrade oils have been shown
to provide approximately 30 percent
lower oil consumption compared with
Comments
Not recommended. Lubricating oil drain
interval must be reduced by 50%.
Aftertreatment maintenance interval will be
reduced.
Aftertreatment maintenance interval will be
reduced.
Maximum aftertreatment maintenance
interval. No change in lubricating oil drain
interval.
monograde oils, it is important to
use multigrade oils to be certain the
engine will meet applicable emissions
requirements.
Use of "synthetic engine oils" (those
made with API group 3 or group 4
base stocks) is permitted subject to
the same performance and viscosity
limitations of petroleum (mineral)
based engine oils. The same oil
change intervals must be applied
to synthetic oils that are applied to
petroleum (mineral) based engine oils.
Maintenance Specifications
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
All Seasons
All Seasons
Winter Conditions
Winter Conditions
Arctic Conditions
While the preferred viscosity grade is
15W-40, lower viscosity multigrade oils
can be used in colder climates. See
the accompanying chart. Any viscosity
grade lower than 15W-40 must still
meet CES 20081.
Synthetic engine oils, API Group
III and Group IV basestocks, are
recommended for use in PACCAR
engines operating in ambient
temperature conditions consistently
below - 25°C [-13°F]. Synthetic 0W-30
oils that meet the requirements of API
Group III or Group IV basestocks,
can be used in operations where the
ambient temperature never exceeds
0°C [32°F]. Multiviscosity oils rated
0W-30 do not offer the same level of
protection against fuel dilution as do
higher multigrade oils. Higher cylinder
wear can be experienced when using
0W-30 oils in high-load situations.
satisfactory performance in PACCAR
engines or do not use the oil.
As these oils have directionally thinner
oil films than 15W-40 oils, top-quality
Fleetguard® filters must be used
above 20°C [70°F]. Some oil suppliers
might claim better fuel economy for
these oils. PACCAR can neither
approve nor disapprove any product
not manufactured by PACCAR. These
claims are between the customer and
oil supplier. Obtain a commitment from
the oil supplier that the oil will give
5
5-29
Maintenance Specifications
New Engine Break-In Oils
Aftermarket Oil Additive Usage
CAUTION
PACCAR does not approve the use of
special “break-in” engine lubricating
oils for new or rebuilt PACCAR
engines. It is recommended to use
the same lubricating oil for engine
break-in that will be used during normal
operation.
CAUTION
5
A sulfated ash limit of 1.85 percent
has been placed on all engine lubricating oils recommended for use in
PACCAR engines. Higher ash oils
can cause valve and/or piston damage and lead to excessive oil consumption. Failure to comply may result in equipment damage.
5-30
The use of a synthetic-base oil does
not justify extended oil change intervals. Extended oil change intervals
can decrease engine life due to factors such as corrosion, deposits, and
wear. Failure to comply may result in
equipment damage.
Additional information regarding
lubricating oil availability throughout
the world is available in the EMA
Lubricating Oils Data Book for
Heavy-Duty Automotive and Industrial
Engines. The data book can be
ordered from: Engine Manufacturers
Association, Two North LaSalle Street,
Chicago, IL 60602; (312) 827-8733,
(www.enginemanufacturers.org).
PACCAR does not recommend the use
of aftermarket oil additives. Today's
high-quality engine lubricating oils
are very sophisticated. Most oils
already contain precise amounts of
additives blended into the lubricating
oil to meet stringent performance
requirements. These furnished oils
meet performance characteristics
that conform to the lubricant industry
standards. Aftermarket lubricating oil
additives are not necessary to enhance
engine oil performance and in some
cases can reduce the furnished oil's
capability to protect the engine.
Maintenance Specifications
Coolant Recommendations
and Specifications
The cooling system in your vehicle
was factory filled with Extended Life
Coolant (ELC) that meets or exceeds
all ASTM D 6210 requirements.
PACCAR recommends only using a
50/50 mixture of distilled water and
ELC when cooling system service
is required. A 50/50 mixture of ELC
and distilled water will provide freeze
protection down to -34°F (- 36.7°C),
which is adequate for most locations
in North America. For extremely cold
operating conditions, a 60/40 mixture
(coolant/water ratio) can be used to
provide freeze protection down to
-62°F (-52.2°C).
Checking Coolant Condition
To ensure the Extended Life Coolant
(ELC) in your vehicle always provides
maximum freeze protection, perform
the following tests:
1.
Check the coolant color at every
maintenance interval. It should be
a bright red with no signs of debris
or any oil.
2.
Test the freeze point at least two
times a year. A refractometer or
test strips can be used to measure
the protection level.
3.
Keep the cooling system at full
levels by topping-up using ELC
pre-diluted to 50/50 blend.
5
Your engine may be equipped with
an optional Coolant Filter designed to
capture and remove harmful deposits
from the cooling system to help prolong
system life.
5-31
Maintenance Specifications
Recommended Extended Life
Coolant Suppliers
Brand Name
TRP®
5
5-32
Supplier
Authorized PACCAR Engine Dealer
Maintenance Specifications
Cooling System Sealing Additives
Cooling System Soluble Oils
CAUTION
CAUTION
The use of sealing additives in the
cooling system can cause damage
to the engine. Sealing additives can
plug various areas of the radiator,
EGR system and oil cooler. The
plugging of the cooling system can
hamper heat transfer, causing internal engine damage. Do not use
sealing additives in the cooling system. The use of sealing additives
can:
The use of soluble oils in the cooling
system can cause damage to the engine. Soluble oils in the cooling system can:
•
Build up in coolant low-flow areas.
•
Plug the radiator and oil cooler.
•
Damage the water pump seal.
•
Damage heat transfer surfaces.
•
Damage seals and hoses.
Failure to comply may result in
equipment or property damage.
5
Failure to comply may result in
equipment or property damage.
5-33
INFORMATION
ENGINE IDENTIFICATION
Engine Dataplate . . . . . . .
Fuel Injection Pump Dataplate .
Engine Control Module Dataplate
PACCAR Engine Nomenclature .
Air Compressor . . . . . . . .
Variable Geometry Turbocharger
PACCAR Engine Technology . .
.
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6-3
6-4
6-4
6-5
6-5
6-6
6-6
Warranty
PACCAR PX-9 Engine United States and Canada
Coverage . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-8
United States and Canada Fire Apparatus Truck
Applications Coverage. . . . . . . . . . . . 6-12
Emission Warranty . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-16
California Emission Control System Warranty,
On-Highway . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-18
6
6-1
ENGINE IDENTIFICATION
ENGINE
IDENTIFICATION
Engine Dataplate
The dataplate is located on the top
side of the gear housing.
The engine dataplate provides
important facts about the engine.
The engine serial number (ESN)
and control parts list (CPL) provide
information for service and ordering
parts. The engine dataplate must
not be changed unless approved by
PACCAR Inc.
Have the following engine data
available when communicating with a
PACCAR Authorized Repair Location:
1.
Engine Serial Number (ESN)
2.
Engine model information
3.
Control Parts List (CPL)
4.
Valve Lash
5.
Horsepower and rpm rating
6
6-3
ENGINE IDENTIFICATION
Fuel Injection Pump
Dataplate
1.
2.
6
Dataplate
ESN
If the engine dataplate (1) is not
readable, the ESN (2) can be
found on the engine block on top
of the lubricating oil cooler housing.
Additional engine information is on
the electronic control module (ECM)
dataplate.
6-4
Engine Control Module
Dataplate
The fuel injection pump dataplate is
located on the fuel pump.
The dataplate contains the following
information to assist in servicing or
replacement:
1.
Part number
2.
Pump serial number
3.
Factory code
NOTE
Not all engines have ECM dataplates.
Engines covered by this manual
are equipped with a CM2350 ECM.
A CM2350 ECM has two 96-pin
connectors. One of the 96-pin
connectors is for engine inputs and
outputs only. The second 96-pin
connector and 14-pin connector are for
ENGINE IDENTIFICATION
aftertreatment and vehicle inputs and
outputs.
PACCAR Engine
Nomenclature
Air Compressor
NOTE
NOTE
Not all engines are equipped with an
air compressor.
The presence of an ECM dataplate
depends on the manufacturing plant
and the date the engine was manufactured. If an ECM dataplate was
not installed by the manufacturing
plant, calibration data can be found
on the engine dataplate.
The air compressor dataplate is
typically located on the side of the air
compressor. The dataplate contains
the following information to assist in
servicing or replacement:
•
Part number
The PACCAR engine nomenclature
provides the following information:
•
Serial number
1.
Horsepower Rating
•
Date code
2.
Engine Model
6
6-5
ENGINE IDENTIFICATION
Variable Geometry
Turbocharger
•
Customer number
•
Model number.
NOTE
The electronic actuator on the VGT
is a serviceable component and has
a separate dataplate that contains
information to assist in servicing or
replacement.
6
PACCAR Engine Technology
General Information
The service model name for this
product is PX-9.
This engine is being released first to
meet EPA 2013.
This engine has the following Agency
defined Emissions Control System
(ECS) hardware:
•
Charge-air cooler (CAC)
The Holset® variable geometry
turbocharger (VGT) dataplate is
located on the turbocharger inlet
compressor housing.
•
Direct diesel injection (DDI)
•
Engine control module (ECM)
•
Exhaust gas recirculation (EGR)
The dataplate contains the following
information to assist in servicing or
replacement:
•
Oxidation catalyst (OC)
•
Periodic trap oxidizer (PTOX)
•
Assembly part number
•
•
Serial number
Selective catalytic reduction - urea
(SCR-U)
•
Turbocharger (TC).
6-6
ENGINE IDENTIFICATION
This engine has the following
emissions related hardware:
•
Aftertreatment outlet NH3 gas
sensor
•
CM2350 ECM
•
Engine Intake Throttle Actuator
•
Integrated aftertreatment DEF
controller into the ECM
•
Ambient Air temperature Sensor
6
6-7
Warranty
Warranty
PACCAR PX-9 Engine United
States and Canada Coverage
Products Warranted
This warranty applies to new PACCAR
PX-9 Engines sold and used in
the United States1 or Canada and
operated in on-highway applications
with one exception - there is different
warranty coverage for engines used in
the fire apparatus truck applications.
The PACCAR PX-9 Engine is
warranted directly to the first purchaser
by PACCAR.
6
6-8
1.
United States includes American
Samoa, the Commonwealth of Northern
Mariana Islands, Guam, Puerto Rico,
and the U.S. Virgin Islands.
Base Engine Warranty
This warranty covers any failures of the
Engine which result, under normal use
and service, from a defect in material
or factory workmanship (Warrantable
Failure). This coverage begins on the
date of delivery and ends two years
or 250,000 miles [402,336 kilometers]
or 6,250 hours, whichever occurs first
after the date of delivery of the Engine
to the first purchaser. Additional
coverage is outlined in the Emission
Warranty section.
Additional coverage is outlined in the
Emission Warranty section.
Warranty
PACCAR Responsibilities
PACCAR will pay for all parts and labor
needed to repair the damage to the
Engine resulting from a Warrantable
Failure.
PACCAR will pay for the lubricating
oil, antifreeze, filter elements, belts,
hoses, and other maintenance items
that are not reusable due to the
Warrantable Failure. PACCAR will pay
for reasonable labor costs for Engine
removal and reinstallation when
necessary to repair a Warrantable
Failure.
PACCAR will pay for the first year from
the date of delivery of the Engine to
the first purchaser reasonable costs
for towing a vehicle disabled by a
Warrantable Failure to the nearest
authorized repair station. In lieu
of the towing expense and in its
sole discretion, PACCAR may pay
reasonable costs for a mechanic to
travel to and from the location of
the vehicle when an engine repair is
performed at the site of the failure.
Owner Responsibilities
Owner is responsible for the operation
and maintenance of the Engine as
specified in the applicable PACCAR
Operator’s Manual. Owner is also
responsible for providing proof that all
recommended maintenance has been
performed.
Before the expiration of the applicable
warranty, Owner must notify a
PACCAR authorized dealer or an
authorized Cummins Distributor of
any Warrantable Failure and make
the engine available for repair by
such facility. The Warrantable Failure
must be brought to the attention of a
PACCAR authorized engine dealer
within 30 days of discovery. Owner
must also deliver the Engine to the
authorized engine repair facility during
the warranty period unless deliver is
impossible because the Engine has
been disabled by a Warrantable failure.
6-9
6
Warranty
Owner is responsible for the cost
of lubricating oil, antifreeze, filter
elements and other maintenance
items provided during warranty repairs
unless such items are not reusable
due to the Warrantable Failure. Owner
is responsible for communication
expenses, meals, lodging and similar
costs incurred as a result of a
Warrantable Failure.
Owner is responsible for non-Engine
repairs and for "downtime" expenses,
cargo damage, fines, all applicable
taxes, all business costs and other
losses resulting from a Warrantable
Failure.
6
Limitations
Your sole and exclusive remedy
against PACCAR and the Selling
Dealer arising from your purchase and
use of this Engine is limited to the
repair or replacement of "warrantable
failures" at authorized United States
and Canadian PACCAR Engine
Dealers, or an authorized Cummins
Distributor, or an authorized PACCAR
Engine facility where applicable,
subject to PACCAR's time, mileage,
and hour limitations of the engine
warranty. The maximum time, mileage
and hour limitations of the engine
warranty begin running on the Date of
Delivery to the First Purchaser. The
accrued time, mileage, or hours is
calculated when the engine is brought
into an Authorized Dealer for correction
of warrantable failures.
PACCAR is not responsible for
failures or damage resulting from
what PACCAR determines to be
6-10
abuse or neglect, including, but not
limited to: damage due to accident;
operation without adequate coolants or
lubricants; overfueling; overspeeding;
lack of maintenance of lubricating,
cooling or intake systems; improper
storage, starting, warm-up, run-in or
shutdown practices; unauthorized
modifications of the Engine. PACCAR
is also not responsible for failures
caused by incorrect oil or fuel or diesel
exhaust fluid or by water, dirt or other
contaminants in the fuel, oil, or diesel
exhaust fluid. Failure of replacement
parts used in repairs due to the above
non-warrantable conditions is not
warrantable.
This warranty does not apply to
accessories supplied by the vehicle
OEM which are covered by the OEM
vehicle warranty.
Failures resulting in excessive oil
consumption are covered for the
duration of the coverage or 250,000
Warranty
miles [402,336 kilometers] or 6,250
hours from the date of delivery of the
Engine to the first purchaser, whichever
of the three occurs first. Before a
claim for excessive oil consumption
will be considered, Owner must submit
adequate documentation to show
that consumption exceeds PACCAR
published standards.
approved rebuilt part used to repair
a Warrantable Failure assumes the
identity of the part it replaced and is
entitled to the remaining coverage
hereunder.
Failures of belts and hoses supplied by
PACCAR are covered for the first year
from the date of delivery of the Engine
to the first purchaser.
PACCAR Inc reserves the right to
interrogate Electronic Control Module
(ECM) data for purposes of failure
analysis.
PACCAR does not warrant antifreeze,
lubricants, filters, filter elements, or
any other part which is considered a
maintenance item.
PACCAR DOES NOT COVER WEAR
OR WEAROUT OF COVERED
PARTS.
Parts used to repair a Warrantable
Failure may be new parts, approved
rebuilt parts, or repaired parts.
PACCAR is not responsible for
failures resulting from the use of parts
not approved by PACCAR. A new
PACCAR is not responsible for
damage or loss resulting from Engine
horsepower/torque upgrades.
THIS WARRANTY AND THE
EMISSION WARRANTY SET FORTH
HEREINAFTER ARE THE SOLE
WARRANTIES MADE BY PACCAR
IN REGARD TO THESE ENGINES.
THIS LIMITED WARRANTY IS
THE SOLE WARRANTY MADE
BY PACCAR AND THE SELLING
DEALER. EXCEPT FOR THE ABOVE
LIMITED WARRANTY, PACCAR AND
THE SELLING DEALER MAKE NO
OTHER WARRANTIES, EXPRESS
OR IMPLIED. PACCAR AND THE
SELLING DEALER EXPRESSLY
DISCLAIM ANY WARRANTY
OF MERCHANTABILITY OR
WARRANTY OF FITNESS FOR A
PARTICULAR PURPOSE.
PACCAR AND THE SELLING
DEALER SHALL NOT BE
LIABLE FOR INCIDENTAL OR
CONSEQUENTIAL DAMAGES
INCLUDING, BUT NOT LIMITED
TO: LOSS OF INCOME OR LOST
PROFITS; ENGINE OR VEHICLE
DOWNTIME; THIRD PARTY
DAMAGE, INCLUDING DAMAGE
OR LOSS TO OTHER ENGINES,
VEHICLES OR PROPERTY,
6-11
6
Warranty
ATTACHMENTS, TRAILERS AND
CARGO; LOSS OR DAMAGE
TO PERSONAL CONTENTS;
COMMUNICATION EXPENSES;
LODGING AND/OR MEAL
EXPENSES; FINES; APPLICABLE
TAXES OR BUSINESS COSTS OR
LOSSES; ATTORNEYS' FEES; AND
ANY LIABILITY YOU MAY HAVE IN
RESPECT TO ANY OTHER PERSON
OR ENTITY.
United States and Canada
Fire Apparatus Truck
Applications Coverage
Products Warranted
This warranty applies to new PACCAR
PX-9 Engines sold and used in the
United States1 or Canada and operated
in fire apparatus truck applications.
The Base Engine Warranty covers
any failures of the Engine which
result, under normal use and service,
from a defect in material or factory
workmanship (Warrantable Failure).
This coverage begins on the date of
delivery to the first purchaser and ends
five years or 100,000 miles [160,935
kilometers], whichever occurs first.
Engine aftertreatment components
included in the PACCAR Critical Parts
List (CPL) and marked with a PACCAR
part number are covered under Base
Engine Warranty. Additional coverage
is outlined in the Emission Warranty
section.
This warranty gives you specific legal
rights, and you may also have other
rights which vary from state to state.
6
1.
6-12
Base Engine Warranty
United States includes American
Samoa, the Commonwealth of Northern
Mariana Islands, Guam, Puerto Rico,
and the U.S. Virgin Islands.
Warranty
PACCAR Responsibilities
PACCAR will pay for all parts and labor
needed to repair the damage to the
Engine resulting from a Warrantable
Failure.
PACCAR will pay for the lubricating
oil, antifreeze, filter elements, belts,
hoses and other maintenance items
that are not reusable due to the
Warrantable Failure. PACCAR will pay
for reasonable labor costs for Engine
removal and reinstallation when
necessary to repair a Warrantable
Failure.
PACCAR will pay reasonable costs
for towing a vehicle disabled by a
Warrantable Failure to the nearest
authorized repair location. In lieu
of the towing expense and at its
sole discretion, PACCAR will pay
reasonable costs for a mechanic to
travel to and from the location of
the vehicle when its engine repair is
performed at the site of the failure.
Owner Responsibilities
Owner is responsible for the operation
and maintenance of the Engine as
specified in PACCAR Operator’s
Manual. Owner is also responsible for
providing proof that all recommended
maintenance has been performed.
Before the expiration of the applicable
warranty, Owner must notify a
PACCAR authorized dealer or an
authorized Cummins Distributor of
any Warrantable Failure and make
the engine available for repair by
such facility. The Warrantable Failure
must be brought to the attention of a
PACCAR authorized engine dealer
within 30 days of discovery. Except
for Engines disabled by a Warrantable
Failure, Owner must also deliver the
Engine to the repair facility.
Owner is responsible for the cost
of lubricating oil, antifreeze, filter
elements and other maintenance
6-13
6
Warranty
items provided during warranty repairs
unless such items are not reusable
due to the Warrantable Failure.
Owner is responsible for
communication expenses, meals,
lodging and similar costs incurred as a
result of a Warrantable Failure.
Owner is responsible for non-Engine
repairs and for downtime expenses,
cargo damage, fines, all applicable
taxes, all business costs and other
losses resulting from a Warrantable
Failure.
6
Owner is responsible for a $100 (U.S.
Dollars) deductible per each service
visit under this plan in the 3rd, 4th, and
5th years of base engine warranty.
The deductible will not be charged
during the first two years of the base
engine warranty.
Limitations
Your sole and exclusive remedy
against PACCAR and the Selling
Dealer arising from your purchase and
use of this Engine is limited to the
repair or replacement of "warrantable
failures" at authorized United States
and Canadian PACCAR Engine
Dealers, or an authorized Cummins
Distributor, or an authorized PACCAR
Engine facility where applicable,
subject to PACCAR's time, mileage,
and hour limitations of the engine
warranty. The maximum time, mileage
and hour limitations of the engine
warranty begin running on the Date of
Delivery to the First Purchaser. The
accrued time, mileage, or hours is
calculated when the engine is brought
into an Authorized Dealer for correction
of warrantable failures.
PACCAR is not responsible for
failures or damage resulting from
what PACCAR determines to be
6-14
abuse or neglect, including but not
limited to: damage due to accident;
operation without adequate coolants or
lubricants; overfueling; overspeeding;
lack of maintenance of lubricating,
cooling or intake systems; improper
storage, starting, warm-up, run-in or
shutdown practices; unauthorized
modifications of the Engine. PACCAR
is also not responsible for failures
caused by incorrect oil, fuel or diesel
exhaust fluid or by water, dirt or other
contaminants in the fuel, oil or diesel
exhaust fluid. Failure of replacement
parts used in repairs due to the above
non-warrantable conditions is not
warrantable.
This warranty does not apply to
accessories supplied by PACCAR
which are covered by the OEM vehicle
warranty.
Failures resulting in excessive oil
consumption are not covered beyond
the duration of the coverage or 100,000
Warranty
miles [160,935 kilometers] or 6,250
hours from the date of delivery of the
Engine to the first purchaser, whichever
of the three occurs first. Before a
claim for excessive oil consumption
will be considered, Owner must submit
adequate documentation to show
that consumption exceeds PACCAR
published standards.
approved rebuilt part used to repair
a Warrantable Failure assumes the
identity of the part it replaced and is
entitled to the remaining coverage
hereunder.
Failures of belts and hoses supplied
by PACCAR are not covered beyond
the first year from the date of delivery
of the Engine to the first purchaser.
PACCAR reserves the right to
interrogate Electronic Control Module
(ECM) data for purposes of failure
analysis.
PACCAR does not warranty antifreeze,
lubricants, filters, filter elements, or
any other part which is considered a
maintenance item.
PACCAR DOES NOT COVER WEAR
OR WEAROUT OF COVERED
PARTS.
Parts used to repair a Warrantable
Failure may be new parts, approved
rebuilt parts, or repaired parts.
PACCAR is not responsible for failures
resulting from the use of parts not
approved by PACCAR. A new or
PACCAR is not responsible for
damage or loss resulting from Engine
horsepower/torque upgrades.
THIS WARRANTY AND THE
EMISSION WARRANTY SET FORTH
HEREINAFTER ARE THE SOLE
WARRANTIES MADE BY PACCAR
IN REGARD TO THESE ENGINES.
THIS LIMITED WARRANTY IS
THE SOLE WARRANTY MADE
BY PACCAR AND THE SELLING
DEALER. EXCEPT FOR THE ABOVE
LIMITED WARRANTY, PACCAR AND
THE SELLING DEALER MAKE NO
OTHER WARRANTIES, EXPRESS
OR IMPLIED. PACCAR AND THE
SELLING DEALER EXPRESSLY
DISCLAIM ANY WARRANTY
OF MERCHANTABILITY OR
WARRANTY OF FITNESS FOR A
PARTICULAR PURPOSE.
PACCAR AND THE SELLING
DEALER SHALL NOT BE
LIABLE FOR INCIDENTAL OR
CONSEQUENTIAL DAMAGES
INCLUDING, BUT NOT LIMITED
TO: LOSS OF INCOME OR LOST
PROFITS; ENGINE OR VEHICLE
DOWNTIME; THIRD PARTY
DAMAGE, INCLUDING DAMAGE
OR LOSS TO OTHER ENGINES,
VEHICLES OR PROPERTY,
6-15
6
Warranty
ATTACHMENTS, TRAILERS AND
CARGO; LOSS OR DAMAGE
TO PERSONAL CONTENTS;
COMMUNICATION EXPENSES;
LODGING AND/OR MEAL
EXPENSES; FINES; APPLICABLE
TAXES OR BUSINESS COSTS OR
LOSSES; ATTORNEYS' FEES; AND
ANY LIABILITY YOU MAY HAVE IN
RESPECT TO ANY OTHER PERSON
OR ENTITY.
Emission Warranty
This emission warranty applies to
new PACCAR Engines marketed
by PACCAR that are used in the
United States1 in vehicles designed for
transporting persons or property on a
street or highway.
This warranty gives you specific legal
rights, and you may also have other
rights which vary from state to state.
6
1.
6-16
Coverage
Products Warranted
United States includes American
Samoa, the Commonwealth of Northern
Mariana Islands, Guam, Puerto Rico,
and the U.S. Virgin Islands.
PACCAR warrants to the first
purchaser and each subsequent
purchaser that the Engine is designed,
built and equipped so as to conform
at the time of sale by PACCAR with
all U.S. Federal emission regulations
applicable at the time of manufacture
and that it is free from defects in
material or factory workmanship which
would cause it not to meet these
regulations within the longer of the
following periods: (A) Five years or
100,000 miles [160,935 kilometers] of
operation, whichever occurs first, as
measured from the date of delivery of
the Engine to the first purchaser or (B)
The Base Engine Warranty.
If the vehicle in which the Engine
is installed is registered in the state
of California, a separate California
Emission Warranty also applies.
Warranty
Replacement Parts
Limitations
PACCAR recommends that any
service parts used for maintenance,
repair or replacement of emission
control systems be new or genuine
approved rebuilt parts and assemblies,
and that the engine be serviced
by an authorized PACCAR Engine
dealer or an authorized Cummins
Distributor. Your vehicle contains air,
fuel, and electrical components that
may affect engine emission controls.
The use of non-genuine engine or
vehicle replacement parts that are not
equivalent to the PACCAR engine or
OEM vehicle manufacturer's original
part may impair the engine and vehicle
emissions control system from working
or functioning effectively, and may
jeopardize your emissions warranty
coverage.
Your sole and exclusive remedy
against PACCAR and the Selling
Dealer arising from your purchase and
use of this Engine is limited to the
repair or replacement of "warrantable
failures" at authorized United States
and Canadian PACCAR Engine
Dealers, or an authorized Cummins
Distributor, or an authorized PACCAR
Engine facility where applicable,
subject to PACCAR's time, mileage,
and hour limitations of the engine
emission warranty. The maximum
time, mileage and hour limitations of
the engine emission warranty begin
running on the Date of Delivery to
the First Purchaser. The accrued
time, mileage, or hours is calculated
when the engine is brought into an
Authorized Dealer for correction of
warrantable failures.
Failures, other than those resulting
from defects in material or factory
workmanship, are not covered by this
Warranty. PACCAR is not responsible
for failures or damage resulting from
what PACCAR determines to be
abuse or neglect, including, but not
limited to: damage due to accident;
operation without adequate coolants or
lubricants; overfueling; overspeeding;
lack of maintenance of lubricating,
cooling or intake systems; improper
storage, starting, warm-up, run-in or
shutdown practices; unauthorized
modifications of the Engine. PACCAR
is also not responsible for failures
caused by incorrect oil, fuel or diesel
exhaust fluid or by water, dirt or other
contaminants in the fuel, oil or diesel
exhaust fluid. Failure of replacement
parts used in repairs due to the above
non-warrantable conditions is not
warrantable.
PACCAR is not responsible for
non-Engine repairs, downtime
expenses, cargo damage, fines, all
applicable taxes, all business costs
6-17
6
Warranty
or other losses resulting from a
Warrantable Failure.
THIS LIMITED EMISSION
WARRANTY IS THE SOLE
WARRANTY MADE BY PACCAR
RELATING TO THE EMISSION
EQUIPMENT. EXCEPT FOR THE
ABOVE LIMITED WARRANTY,
PACCAR MAKES NO OTHER
WARRANTIES, EXPRESS OR
IMPLIED. PACCAR EXPRESSLY
DISCLAIMS ANY WARRANTY
OF MERCHANTABILITY OR
WARRANTY OF FITNESS FOR A
PARTICULAR PURPOSE.
6
PACCAR AND THE SELLING
DEALER SHALL NOT BE
LIABLE FOR INCIDENTAL OR
CONSEQUENTIAL DAMAGES
INCLUDING, BUT NOT LIMITED
TO: LOSS OF INCOME OR LOST
PROFITS; ENGINE OR VEHICLE
DOWNTIME; THIRD PARTY
DAMAGE, INCLUDING DAMAGE
6-18
OR LOSS TO OTHER ENGINES,
VEHICLES OR PROPERTY,
ATTACHMENTS, TRAILERS AND
CARGO; LOSS OR DAMAGE
TO PERSONAL CONTENTS;
COMMUNICATION EXPENSES;
LODGING AND/OR MEAL
EXPENSES; FINES; APPLICABLE
TAXES OR BUSINESS COSTS OR
LOSSES; ATTORNEYS' FEES; AND
ANY LIABILITY YOU MAY HAVE IN
RESPECT TO ANY OTHER PERSON
OR ENTITY.
California Emission
Control System Warranty,
On-Highway
Products Warranted
This Emission Control System
Warranty applies to diesel engines
(hereafter, engines) certified with
the California Air Resources Board
beginning with the year 2009,
marketed by PACCAR, and registered
in California for use in on-highway
applications.
Warranty
Your Warranty Rights and
Obligations
The California Air Resources Board
and PACCAR Inc are pleased to
explain the emission control system
warranty on your 2009 and subsequent
model year diesel engine. In California,
new motor vehicle engines must be
designed, built and equipped to
meet the State's stringent anti-smog
standards. PACCAR must warranty
the emission control system on your
diesel engine for the periods of
time listed below provided there has
been no abuse, neglect or improper
maintenance of your diesel engine.
Your emission control system may
include parts such as the fuel injection
system and engine electronic control
module. Also included may be hoses,
connectors and other emission related
assemblies.
If an emission-related part on your
engine is found to have a defect in
material or factory the part will be
repaired or replaced by PACCAR.
This is your emission control system
defects warranty.
Manufacturer's Warranty Coverage
This warranty coverage is provided for
five years or 100,000 miles [160,935
km] or 3,000 hours of engine operation,
whichever first occurs from the date
of delivery of the engine to the first
purchaser. Where a Warrantable
Condition exists, PACCAR will repair
your engine at no cost to you including
diagnosis, parts and labor.
6
6-19
Warranty
Owner's Warranty Responsibilities
As the engine owner, you are
responsible for the performance of the
required maintenance listed in your
PACCAR Operator's Manual. You are
responsible for presenting your engine
to an authorized PACCAR Dealer or
an authorized Cummins Distributor
as soon as a problem exists. The
warranty repairs should be completed
in a reasonable amount of time, not to
exceed 30 days.
6
PACCAR recommends that you retain
all receipts covering maintenance on
your engine, but PACCAR cannot
deny warranty solely for the lack of
receipts or for the failure to ensure
the performance of all scheduled
maintenance.
6-20
As the engine owner, you should also
be aware that PACCAR may deny you
warranty coverage if your engine or a
part has failed due to abuse, neglect,
improper maintenance or unapproved
modifications.
If you have any questions
regarding your warranty rights
and responsibilities, you should
contact the vehicle OEM manufacturer
at the customer center telephone
number provided with your vehicle
operating instructions or the California
Air Resource Board at 9528 Telstar
Avenue, El Monte, CA 91731.
A warranted part which is scheduled for
replacement as required maintenance
is warranted up to the first scheduled
replacement point.
Warranty
Prior to the expiration of the applicable
warranty, Owner must give notice of
any warranted emission control failure
to an authorized PACCAR Engine
dealer and deliver the engine to such
facility for repair.
Owner is responsible for incidental
costs such as: communication
expenses, meals, lodging incurred by
Owner or employees of Owner as a
result of a Warrantable Condition.
Owner is responsible for downtime
expenses, cargo damage, fines, all
applicable taxes, all business costs,
and other losses resulting from a
Warrantable Condition.
California Emissions Components
Statement for the PX-9 Engine
(2013) Emission Engine Coverage
•
DEF Level Sensor
•
DEF Line Heater Control Relay
This list of emission control parts may
be covered by the Emission Control
System Warranty under certain failure
modes.
•
DEF Quality Sensor
•
DEF Tank Heater Coolant Control
Valve
•
DEF Tank and Lines
•
DEF Tank/Lines Heating Elements
of Heat Exchanger and Pipe
•
DEF Temperature Sensors
•
Diesel Oxidation Catalyst
•
Diesel Particulate Filter (except for
ash maintenance)
•
Diesel Particulate Filter Differential
Pressure Sensor EGR
Aftertreatment System
•
Aftertreatment Electroconnections
•
Aftertreatment Inlet and Outlet
Modules
•
Aftertreatment Temperature
Interface Module
•
Aftertreatment Temperature
Sensors
•
Decomposition Tube
•
Diesel Exhaust Fluid (DEF) Dosing
Unit (Pump)
•
DEF Dosing Valve
•
NH3 Sensor
•
NOx Sensors
•
SCR Catalyst
6-21
6
Warranty
•
6
Exhaust Gas Piping from
Turbocharger out to the Last
Aftertreatment Device
•
Turbocharger Speed Sensor
•
On Board Diagnostic (OBD)
Malfunction Indicator Lamp (MIL)
•
OBD Connector
•
Wiring Harness Circuits
Connected at Both Ends
to Emissions Warrantable
Components
Base Engine System Component
Air Handling Component
•
Camshaft
•
Ambient Air Temperature Sensor
•
Camshaft Valve Lobe
•
Charge Air Cooler and Associated
Plumbing
•
Clean Idle Sticker
•
Coolant Temperature Sensor
•
Exhaust Gas Pressure Sensor
•
Crankcase Breather
Exhaust Gas Recirculation (EGR)
System Component
•
Exhaust Manifold
•
Engine Oil Pressure Sensor
•
EGR Cooler
•
Grid Heater
•
•
EGR Differential Pressure Sensor
•
Intake Manifold
Engine Speed, Position Sensor,
Cam Position Sensor
•
EGR Mixer/Venturi
•
Intake Manifold
Temperature/Pressure Sensor
•
Exhaust Valve
•
Throttle Actuator/Valve
•
Turbocharger Actuator
•
Turbocharger Assembly
•
Turbocharger Compressor Intake
Pressure/Temperature Sensor
6-22
•
EGR Temperature Sensor
Electronic Control System
Component
•
EGR Valve
•
Engine Control Module
Fueling System
•
Engine Control Module Calibration
•
Fuel Injectors
•
DEF Lamp
•
Fuel Lines
•
Fuel Pressure Sensor
Warranty
•
Fuel Pump Actuator
•
Fuel Pump
•
Secondary Fuel
Pressure/Temperature Sensor
Replacement Parts
PACCAR recommends that any
service parts used for maintenance,
repair or replacement of emission
control systems be new or genuine
approved rebuilt parts and assemblies,
and that the engine be serviced
by an authorized PACCAR Engine
dealer or an authorized Cummins
Distributor. Your vehicle contains air,
fuel, and electrical components that
may affect engine emission controls.
The use of non-genuine engine or
vehicle replacement parts that are not
equivalent to the PACCAR engine or
OEM vehicle manufacturer's original
part may impair the engine and vehicle
emissions control system from working
or functioning effectively, and may
jeopardize your emissions warranty
coverage.
The owner may elect to have
maintenance, replacement or repair of
the emission control parts performed
by a facility other than a PACCAR
authorized dealer or an authorized
Cummins Distributor and may elect
to use parts other than new genuine
approved rebuilt parts and assemblies
for such maintenance, replacement
or repair; however, the cost of such
service or parts and subsequent
failures resulting from such service or
parts will not be covered under this
emission control system warranty,
except for Emergency Repairs as
described below.
6
6-23
Warranty
PACCAR Responsibilities
Emergency Repairs
The warranty coverage begins when
the engine is delivered to the first
purchaser. Repairs and service will be
performed by any authorized PACCAR
Engine, dealer or an authorized
Cummins Distributor using new or
genuine approved rebuilt parts and
assemblies. PACCAR will repair
any of the emission control parts
found by PACCAR to be defective
without charge for parts or labor
(including diagnosis which results in
determination that there has been a
failure of a warranted emission control
part).
In the case of an emergency where
an authorized PACCAR Engine dealer
or an authorized Cummins Distributor
is not available, repairs may be
performed by any available repair
location or by any individual using any
replacement parts. A part not being
available within 30 days or a repair
not being complete within 30 days
constitutes an emergency. PACCAR
will reimburse the Owner for expenses
(including diagnosis), not to exceed
the manufacturer's suggested retail
price for all warranted parts replaced
and labor charges based on the
manufacturer's recommended time
allowance for the warranty repair and
the geographically appropriate hourly
labor rate.
6
6-24
Replaced parts and paid invoices
must be presented at an authorized
PACCAR Engine dealer or authorized
Cummins Distributor as a condition
of reimbursement for emergency
repairs not performed by an authorized
PACCAR Engine dealer or an
authorized Cummins Distributor.
Warranty
Warranty Limitations
Your sole and exclusive remedy
against PACCAR and the Selling
Dealer arising from your purchase and
use of this Engine is limited to the
repair or replacement of "warrantable
failures" at authorized United States
and Canadian PACCAR Engine
Dealers, or an authorized PACCAR
Engine facility where applicable,
subject to PACCAR's time, mileage,
and hour limitations of the engine
emission warranty. The maximum
time, mileage and hour limitations of
the engine emission warranty begin
running on the Date of Delivery to
the First Purchaser. The accrued
time, mileage, or hours is calculated
when the engine is brought into an
Authorized Dealer for correction of
warrantable failures.
PACCAR is not responsible for
failures or damage resulting from
what PACCAR determines to be
abuse or neglect, including, but not
limited to: damage due to accident;
operation without adequate coolants or
lubricants; overfueling; overspeeding;
lack of maintenance of cooling,
lubricating or intake systems; improper
storage, starting, warm-up, run-in or
shutdown practices; unauthorized
modifications to the engine. PACCAR
is also not responsible for failures
caused by incorrect oil, fuel or diesel
exhaust fluid or by water, dirt or other
contaminants in the fuel, oil or diesel
exhaust fluid. Failure of replacement
parts used in repairs due to the above
non-warrantable conditions is not
warrantable.
PACCAR is not responsible for failures
resulting from improper repair or the
use of parts which are not genuine
approved parts.
PACCAR is not responsible for the
material and labor costs of emission
control parts and assemblies replaced
during Scheduled Maintenance of
the engine as specified in PACCAR
Operator’s Manuals.
THIS WARRANTY, TOGETHER
WITH THE EXPRESS COMMERCIAL
WARRANTIES ARE THE SOLE
WARRANTIES MADE BY PACCAR
IN REGARD TO THESE ENGINES.
THIS LIMITED EMISSIONS
WARRANTY IS THE SOLE
WARRANTY MADE BY PACCAR
AND THE SELLING DEALER.
EXCEPT FOR THE ABOVE LIMITED
WARRANTY, PACCAR AND THE
SELLING DEALER MAKE NO
OTHER WARRANTIES, EXPRESS
OR IMPLIED. PACCAR AND THE
SELLING DEALER EXPRESSLY
DISCLAIM ANY WARRANTY
OF MERCHANTABILITY OR
WARRANTY OF FITNESS FOR A
PARTICULAR PURPOSE.
6-25
6
Warranty
6
PACCAR AND THE SELLING
DEALER SHALL NOT BE
LIABLE FOR INCIDENTAL OR
CONSEQUENTIAL DAMAGES
INCLUDING, BUT NOT LIMITED
TO: LOSS OF INCOME OR LOST
PROFITS; ENGINE OR VEHICLE
DOWNTIME; THIRD PARTY
DAMAGE, INCLUDING DAMAGE
OR LOSS TO OTHER ENGINES,
VEHICLES OR PROPERTY,
ATTACHMENTS, TRAILERS AND
CARGO; LOSS OR DAMAGE
TO PERSONAL CONTENTS;
COMMUNICATION EXPENSES;
LODGING AND/OR MEAL
EXPENSES; FINES; APPLICABLE
TAXES OR BUSINESS COSTS OR
LOSSES; ATTORNEYS' FEES; AND
ANY LIABILITY YOU MAY HAVE IN
RESPECT TO ANY OTHER PERSON
OR ENTITY.
6-26
Index
Index
A
Acronyms and abbreviations 1-11
Aftermarket Oil Additive Usage 5-30
Air compressor 6-5
C
California Emission Control System
Warranty, On-Highway 6-18
California Emissions Components
Statement for the PX-9 Engine (2013)
Emission Engine Coverage 6-21
Check Engine Lamp 3-3
Check Engine Lamp Turns On 2-5
Cold Weather 4-13
Cold Weather Operating Aids 4-14
Cold Weather Starting
starting aids 4-9
Compression Brake System 3-12
Coolant Recommendations and
Specifications
checking coolant condition 5-31
cooling system sealing
additives 5-33
cooling system soluble oils 5-33
recommended extended life coolant
suppliers 5-32
Cooling System 5-17
Cooling System Sealing
Additives 5-33
Cooling System Soluble Oils 5-33
D
Diesel Exhaust Fluid (DEF) Lamp 3-6
Diesel Exhaust Fluid
Recommendations and
Specifications 5-20
Diesel Particulate Filter (DPF) Warning
Lamp 3-5
Driving Tips
operation on grades with dry
pavement 4-18
operation on level and dry
pavement 4-17
operation on slick roads 4-20
E
Electromagnetic Interference
(EMI) 4-15
general information 4-15
system EMI radiation levels 4-16
system EMI susceptibility 4-16
Emission Warranty 6-16
Engine Braking System
compression brake 3-12
variable geometry turbo (VGT)
brake 3-8
Engine Control Module Dataplate 6-4
Engine Control Module Identification
engine control module
dataplate 6-4
Engine Dataplate 6-3
Engine Identification
Index-1
7
Index
engine dataplate 6-3
PACCAR engine nomenclature 6-5
Engine is Overheating 2-5
Engine Oil Pressure Lamp Turns
On 2-4
Engine Operating Range 3-7
general information 3-7
Engine Overheating 4-10
Engine Shutdown 4-15
before stopping the engine 4-15
Engine Warning Lamps 3-3
check engine lamp 3-3
diesel exhaust fluid (DEF) lamp 3-6
diesel particulate filter (DPF)
warning lamp 3-5
general information 3-3
high exhaust system temperature
(HEST) warning lamp 3-5
malfunction indicator lamp 3-4
stop engine lamp 3-4
wait-to-start lamp 3-3
F
7
Filter Specifications
general information 5-19
Index-2
Foreword 1-6
Fuel Injection Pump Dataplate 6-4
Fuel Injection Pump Identification
fuel injection pump dataplate 6-4
Fuel Recommendations 5-22
G
General Engine Specifications 5-14
General Safety Instructions 1-8
H
High Exhaust System Temperature
(HEST) Warning Lamp 3-5
I
Illustrations 1-5
Important Reference Numbers 1-7
L
Lamp
high exhaust system temperature
(HEST) warning 3-5
Lubricating Oil Recommendations and
Specifications
general information 5-26
Lubricating Oil System 5-15
M
Maintenance Guidelines
general information 5-3
Maintenance Record Form 5-13
Maintenance Schedule
15,000 mi / 500 hours or 6
months 5-6
150,000 mi / 5,000 hours 5-8
200,000 mi / 6500 hours 5-8
30,000 mi / 1,000 hours or 12
months 5-6
60,000 mi / 2,000 hours 5-7
60,000 mi / 2,000 hours or 2
years 5-7
7,500 mi / 250 hours, or 3
months 5-5
750,000 mi / 22,000 hours 5-8
daily or refueling – maintenance
check 5-4
general information 5-3
maintenance record form 5-13
oil drain intervals 5-10
Index
Maintenance Specifications
acceptable types of fuels 5-23
aftermarket oil additive usage 5-30
API: American Petroleum
Institute 5-26
CES: Cummins Engineering
Standard 5-26
coolant recommendations and
specifications 5-31
cooling system 5-17
diesel exhaust fluid
recommendations and
specifications 5-20
engine specifications 5-14
filter specifications 5-19
fuel recommendations and
specifications 5-22
lubricating oil recommendations
and specifications 5-26
lubricating oil system 5-15
new engine break-in oils 5-30
warranty and the use of biodiesel
fuel 5-25
Malfunction Indicator Lamp 3-4
N
P
New Engine Break-In Oils 5-30
Normal Starting Procedure 4-4
PACCAR Engine Nomenclature 6-5
PACCAR Engine Technology 6-6
PACCAR PX-9 Engine United States
and Canada Coverage 6-8
O
Oil Drain Intervals 5-10
On-Board Diagnostics
unique operating characteristics
of an engine with on-board
diagnostics 1-12
Operating Instructions
cold weather starting 4-9
general information 4-3
normal starting procedure 4-4
operating the engine 4-10
starting procedure after extended
shutdown or oil change 4-9
Operating the Engine
cold weather 4-13
cold weather operating aids 4-14
coolant 4-13
engine overheating 4-10
normal 4-10
R
Recommended Extended Life Coolant
Suppliers 5-32
S
Safety
general safety instructions 1-8
illustrations 1-5
safety alerts 1-3
Starting Procedure After Extended
Shutdown or Oil Change 4-9
Stop Engine Lamp 3-4
Stop Engine Lamp Turns On 2-3
U
Unique Operating Characteristics
of an Engine with On-Board
Diagnostics 1-12
Index-3
7
Index
United States and Canada Fire
Apparatus Truck Applications
Coverage 6-12
V
Variable Geometry Turbocharger 6-6
W
7
Wait-to-Start Lamp 3-3
Warranty
California emission control system
warranty - on-highway 6-18
California emissions components
statement for the PX-9 engine 6-21
emission warranty 6-16
PACCAR PX-9 engine United
States and Canada coverage 6-8
United States and Canada fire
apparatus truck applications
coverage 6-12
Warranty and the Use of Biodiesel
Fuel 5-25
What to do if... 2-3
check engine lamp turns on 2-5
engine is overheating 2-5
Index-4
engine oil pressure lamp turns
on 2-4
stop engine lamp turns on 2-3
you need roadside assistance 2-3
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