Adaptec | 2944UW - AHA Storage Controller UW SCSI 40 MBps | Technical data | Adaptec 2944UW - AHA Storage Controller UW SCSI 40 MBps Technical data

Adaptec 2944UW - AHA Storage Controller UW SCSI 40 MBps Technical data
Miray Software AG
HDShredder 3.8
Manual
Copyright © 2002-2010 by Miray Software
Table of Contents
1 Introduction.........................................................................................................................................................6
1.1 Chapter overview
6
1.2 Character conventions
6
1.3 Features
7
1.4 Edition overview
7
2 Fields of application..........................................................................................................................................9
2.1 Deletion of data
9
2.2 Disposal of computers
9
2.3 Sale of computers
9
2.4 Passing on of computers
10
2.5 Deleting the software installation
10
2.6 Deleting photos and videos
10
2.7 Deleting viruses
10
2.8 Proprietary formats
10
2.9 Damaged storage media
10
2.10 Arbitrary computer systems
11
3 Supported hardware......................................................................................................................................12
3.1 Overview
12
3.1.1 Hardware requirements
12
3.1.2 Supported media
12
3.1.3 Supported controllers
12
3.2 Compatibility
13
3.2.1 Compatibility test
13
3.2.2 Standards
13
3.3 IDE/ATA/SATA
13
3.3.1 IDE/ATA controllers
13
3.3.2 SATA/SATA-II controllers
14
3.3.3 Multiword DMA and Ultra-DMA
14
3.3.4 Bus master IDE controllers
15
3.3.5 Speed
15
3.4 SCSI
15
3.4.1 Utilization
15
3.4.2 Compatibility
16
3.4.3 Manufacturer information
16
3.4.4 Driver information
16
3.5 USB
17
3.5.1 Mass-Storage-Class
17
3.5.2 UHCI, OHCI and EHCI
17
3.5.3 Hubs
17
3.6 Firewire (IEEE1394)
17
4 Installation.........................................................................................................................................................18
4.1 Introduction
18
4.1.1 Bootable medium
18
ii
Table of Contents
4.1.2 Software package
4.2 Installation with Windows
4.2.1 Installation interface
4.2.2 CD/DVD writer not selectable
4.3 Installation with other operating systems
4.3.1 Creating a bootable floppy disk
4.3.2 Creating a bootable CD/DVD
18
18
19
19
19
19
20
5 Program instructions......................................................................................................................................21
5.1 Preliminary steps
21
5.2 Starting the program
21
5.2.1 Self-booting program
21
5.2.2 Windows program
21
5.3 Program screen
21
5.3.1 Status field
22
5.3.2 Operating field
22
5.4 Operation
22
5.4.1 Graphical control elements
22
5.4.2 Operation with keyboard and mouse
23
5.5 Help
24
5.6 Selecting the deletion area
24
5.7 Selecting the medium
25
5.7.1 Selecting a drive
25
5.7.2 Selecting a partition
26
5.7.3 Deactivated list entries
26
5.7.4 Information on the drive
26
5.7.5 Sector viewer
27
5.7.6 SpeedTest
27
5.7.7 MultiDelete mode
27
5.8 Selecting the deletion method
28
5.8.1 Automatic
28
5.8.2 Standards
28
5.8.3 Custom
28
5.9 Selecting the options
29
5.9.1 Locked options
30
5.9.2 General options
30
5.9.3 Options for the medium
30
5.10 Deleting data
31
5.10.1 Security query
31
5.10.2 Deletion animation
31
5.10.3 Status indication
32
5.10.4 Percentage indication
32
5.10.5 Progress bar
32
5.10.6 Course of the process
32
iii
Table of Contents
5.10.7 Interrupting the running process
5.11 Termination of the deletion process
5.11.1 User abort
5.11.2 Regular termination
5.11.3 Final report
5.11.4 Deletion report
5.12 Ending the program
5.12.1 End dialog
5.12.2 Good-bye screen
33
33
33
33
33
34
36
36
36
6 Operating principles.......................................................................................................................................37
6.1 Deletion area
37
6.1.1 Preliminary remark
37
6.1.2 Physical deletion
37
6.1.3 Deleting an entire drive
38
6.1.4 Deleting a single partition
38
6.1.5 Deleting a sector area
38
6.2 Automatic troubleshooting
39
6.2.1 Intensive reading/writing
39
6.2.2 Read errors
39
6.2.3 Write errors
39
6.2.4 Verification errors
39
6.3 Deleting a sector area
40
6.3.1 Usage
40
6.3.2 Functioning
40
6.4 Mass deletion (MultiDelete mode)
40
6.4.1 Mode of operation
41
6.4.2 Speed
41
6.4.3 Different media
41
6.5 Deletion methods
41
6.5.1 Automatic
41
6.5.2 Standards
42
6.5.3 Custom
43
7 Troubleshooting...............................................................................................................................................44
7.1 Load errors
44
7.1.1 Error #5002 and ‘Disk error’
44
7.1.2 Other errors
44
7.2 Keyboard and mouse
44
7.3 General problems
45
7.3.1 Slowed down system
45
7.3.2 Read, write and verification errors
45
7.4 IDE/ATA/SATA
45
7.4.1 Drive not recognized
45
7.4.2 IDE controller not found
45
iv
Table of Contents
7.4.3 Problems with DMA
7.4.4 BIOS settings
7.5 SCSI
7.5.1 Restart
7.5.2 Deactivate unused controllers
7.5.3 Deactivate unused drives
7.5.4 Minimum configuration of the controller
7.5.5 Minimum configuration of the systems
7.6 USB
7.6.1 Storage device not recognized
7.6.2 Other device problems
7.6.3 Controller not found
7.6.4 Speed loss
7.6.5 Other controller problems
46
47
48
48
48
48
48
49
49
49
49
50
50
50
8 Miscellaneous...................................................................................................................................................51
8.1 Terms of license
51
8.1.1 License model
51
8.1.2 Examples
51
8.1.3 Scope
52
8.1.4 Consultancy
52
8.2 Certificate of authenticity
52
8.2.1 Security hologram
52
8.2.2 Valid product license
52
8.3 Disclaimer
53
8.4 Feedback
53
8.5 Support
53
v
1 Introduction
Thank you very much for choosing HDShredder. We are always striving for offering you a software product, which meets your requirements as well as our own high ambitions. In case of
having suggestions for improvement or not being satisfied with the software in certain aspects,
we therefore kindly ask you to communicate the regarding criticism and suggestions to us at
feedback@miray.de.
1.1
Chapter overview
1 Introduction: In this chapter, you find general information regarding this manual and the program. Particularly, it contains an overview of the available editions and their abilities.
2 Fields of application: Through its features and by supporting physical deletion, HDShredder is
suitable for many different areas of application. Here you find descriptions and hints for the
most common areas of application of the program.
3 Supported hardware: In this chapter, you find a list of supported controllers and media as
well as information about which aspects to consider when using certain types of controllers or
media.
4 Installation: For starting HDShredder you need a bootable HDShredder CD or floppy disk at
first. This chapter describes how you create a bootable HDShredder medium within few
minutes by means of the installation package unless you have not already received the pro gram on a bootable medium.
5 Program instructions: This chapter contains the manual for operating HDShredder. It is a
step-by-step description of how to operate the program for deleting media with HDShredder.
6 Operating principles: Here you find useful descriptions and hints for gaining optimal performance when using HDShredder with different types of media as each media type can have its
very own characteristics.
7 Troubleshooting: In case you encounter any problems when using HDShredder, you find detailed descriptions and support here. By means of these information you will be able to solve or
bypass occurring problems in most cases.
8 Miscellaneous: In the last chapter you find miscellaneous information, particularly regarding
our support and our license terms.
1.2
Character conventions
In this manual, angle brackets (’<’ and ’>’) and italic type are used to depict a key on the key board, e.g. <Esc> for the escape key or <Return> for the return key. Some keys are represented by an according symbol, e.g. <> for the ’up’-key. Visual controls on the screen, particularly
buttons are represented by brackets (’[’ and ’]’) and semi-bold type, e.g. [next], [back].
6
1.3 Features
1.3
Features
HDShredder allows you to delete entire hard disks or other storage media as well as individual
partitions easily but securely and irrevocably, according to international standards, if desired.
The data once deleted cannot be recovered with data recovery software either. HDShredder
deletes hard disks regardless of the respective partition scheme, the file system used, and the
installed operating system(s). With the deletion standards supported, HDShredder provides
highest security as well as a high level of flexibility by offering free definition of your own deletion patterns. This makes HDShredder particularly suitable for the tasks mentioned in 2 Fields
of application as well as for many other tasks.
Note: The physical deletion process of HDShredder makes it suitable for many areas of application. HDShredder’s features make it a valuable tool, even in special and extraordinary
scenarios. They have made HDShredder a tool of unique value to many users in situations
where no other program offered the necessary features.
1.4
Edition overview
There are different Editions of HDShredder. They differ from each other by the amount of fea tures they offer, particularly supported device types, performance and special options. The following table offers you a comparative overview of the editions and their features. Subsequent,
there are short explanations referring to some of the topics listed in the table.
Note: Within the table the following abbrevations are used:
FE = Free | BE = Basic | SE = Standard | PE = Professional | EE = Enterprise
Device support
IDE/ATA/SATA hard disks 1)
hard disks above 2048 GB 2)
AHCI (SATA II)
USB 1.1 (UHCI, OHCI)
USB 2.0 (EHCI)
CompactFlash via IDE 3)
Firewire / IEEE1394 (OHCI)
SCSI hard disks 4)
Deletion modes 5)
Quick & easy
Automatic
Standardized (see below)
User defined
FE
BE
SE
PE
EE
●
●
●
●
●
○
○
○
●
●
●
●
●
●
●
●
●
●
●
●
●
●
●
●
●
●
●
●
●
●
●
●
●
●
●
●
●
●
●
●
●
●
●
●
●
○
●
●
●
●
○
●
●
●
●
○
○
●
●
●
7
1.4 Edition overview
Supported standards
VSITR
BSI-GSB
ACSI 33
AFSSI 5020
AR380-19
DoD5200.28M
DoD5220.22M
NCSC-TG-025
HMG IS5 (Baseline)
HMG IS5 (Enhanced)
GOST P50739-95
RCMP TSSIT OPS-II
Bruce Schneier's method
Roy Pfitzner's method
Peter Gutmann's method
Special modes 6)
Single partition deletion
SmartDefectSkip
MultiDelete (4x, 8x, 16x)
Deletion speed 7)
up to 90 MB/s and more
up to 1000 MB/s and more
License scope 8)
private use
professionals/corporations
technician license
FE
BE
SE
PE
EE
○
○
●
●
●
○
○
●
●
●
○
○
●
●
●
○
○
●
●
●
○
○
●
●
●
○
○
●
●
●
○
○
●
●
●
○
○
●
●
●
○
○
●
●
●
○
○
●
●
●
○
○
●
●
●
○
○
●
●
●
○
○
●
●
●
○
○
●
●
●
○
○
●
●
●
○
●
●
●
●
○
●
●
●
●
○
○
○
●
●
●
●
●
●
○
○
○
○
●
●
●
●
●
●
●
●
●
●
○
○
●
●
○
○
○
1)
SATA hard disks: They have to be connected to one of the SATA controllers supported by HDShredder and the
controller has to be configured accordingly (3.3.2 SATA/SATA-II controllers).
2)
Hard disks above 2048 GB: HDShredder supports hard disks larger than 2048 GB (2 Terabytes).
3)
CompactFlash via IDE: HDShredder supports CF media in TrueIDE mode.
4)
SCSI hard disks: require one of the SCSI host adapters supported by HDShredder (3.4 SCSI).
5)
Deletion modes: You find further information regarding the different modes in chapter
•
•
•
•
6.5 Deletion methods.
quick & easy: simple quick deletion, no further knowledge required.
automatic: choose deletion mode according to required security level, no special knowledge required.
standardized: deletion according to one of 15 international security standards.
user defined: specify your own deletion patterns with up to 199 deletion cycles ( 6.5.3 Custom).
6)
Special modes: HDShredder knows special working modes to increase deletion speed. Further information about
these modes is to be found in chapter 5.9 Selecting the options.
7)
Deletion speed: Due to technical differences, there is an upper limit for the actually achievable deletion speed:
> 90 MB/sec: up to 133 MB/s with Ultra-DMA mode 6, up to 300 MB/sec with SATA II.
> 1000 MB/sec: Mass-deletion of up to 16 drives at a time.
8)
8
License scope: see also chapter 8.1 Terms of license.
2 Fields of application
HDShredder is specialized on deleting entire hard disks and other media or individual partitions
easily and fast but also securely, i.e. finally. The data storage media remain fully usable after
the deletion. The deletion is irreversible on the physical level. HDShredder thus provides spe cial advantages when deleting damaged media (2.9 Damaged storage media). Furthermore,
HDShredder works independently of partition scheme, data system, and operating system, if
needed. You thus also have the possibility to delete complete operating system installations in
one go (2.5 Deleting the software installation) or to perform a secure deletion in case of unknown/proprietary file systems (2.8 Proprietary formats). All in all, the universal HDShredder
deletion procedure covers a broad range of areas of application. Hereafter, you will find descriptions of the most common applications of HDShredder. The individual chapters offer an instruction and further tips for execution.
Tip: HDShredder also allows you to delete data from media (e.g. hard disks) which have not
been used in a PC (2.10 Arbitrary computer systems).
Note: Media which have been deleted with HDShredder are further on fully operational and
usable. The deletion with HDShredder does not damage or destroy the media in contrast to
mechanical or physical deletion procedures.
2.1
Deletion of data
Generally, the deletion of data constitutes the main area of application of HDShredder. Select
one of the higher standards for the secure deletion of data (5.8.2 Standards) or an individually defined deletion pattern (5.8.3 Custom). A deletion report, which can be created optionally after a deletion process, provides information about the parameters and the result of the
deletion. This report can also be used for customers and principals as a confirmation of the
completed deletion.
Note: Media deleted by HDShredder are further fully usable after the deletion. The deletion
does not damage the media themselves. Only a new formatting (and partitioning, if needed)
is necessary to use the media again. However, a reconstruction of data once deleted with
HDShredder – also unintentionally – is not possible.
2.2
Disposal of computers
In case you give away computers for purposes of a final disposal, the deletion of the integrated
hard disk(s) is recommended anyway. Otherwise, third persons are easily able to view your
data. With HDShredder, a deletion is no problem because inoperative operating systems or defective media do not constitute a problem either and a deletion using HDShredder is still possible. This also applies, of course, for the disposal of individual or external storage devices.
2.3
Sale of computers
Before selling a used computer or used hard disks, you should make sure that personal data
and other sensitive data cannot be viewed or recovered by the buyer. HDShredder allows you
9
2.3 Sale of computers
to delete the entire drive (6.1.3 Deleting an entire drive) or a single partition (6.1.4 Deleting a single partition) fast and securely.
2.4
Passing on of computers
Also in case computers or data storage media are passed on within a company or an organization, it is desirable that no sensitive data are available on them any more. In contrast to mech anical or physical deletion procedure, HDShredder offers the advantage to further use the deleted media after the deletion.
2.5
Deleting the software installation
In some cases, it may be useful to not only delete the data but also the software and the oper ating system installed. If this involves commercial software, you want to continue to use, the installations then available could be considered as pirate copies. HDShredder allows you to make
sure that no one can use your software licenses unauthorized when selling or passing on used
computers or hard disks.
2.6
Deleting photos and videos
When passing on or disposing mobile storage media, especially flash storage cards for digital
cameras and video recorders, it is often forgotten that the pictures thereon or other data could
come into the wrong hands. HDShredder allows you to delete these media easily and securely.
2.7
Deleting viruses
Although HDShredder is no anti virus software: some viruses are so persistent that they hide in
usually inaccessible areas of the hard disk (boot sector, MBR, unpartitioned areas). In this case,
a complete deletion of the hard disk with HDShredder and a subsequent new installation is not
necessarily the most elegant but certainly one of the most reliable solutions to finally delete
damaging programs from your hard disks.
2.8
Proprietary formats
HDShredder deletes entire drives or individual partitions regardless of the file or operating system thereon. That is why HDShredder allows you to delete any drive or partition regardless of
the software or file systems installed thereon. The deletion of proprietary or rare formats is also
no problem.
2.9
Damaged storage media
Damaged storage media are often simply disposed without further measures after the data recovery because they are “defective”. However, just as you third persons may be able to recover great parts of the data with the help of data recovery software. That is why you should de lete defective storage media with HDShredder as well – of course only after a possible data recovery.
10
2.9 Damaged storage media
Note: HDShredder also runs on media with defective sectors. In this case, it simply overwrites
all sectors which can still be written. The other defective sectors cannot be read any more
anyway.
2.10
Arbitrary computer systems
HDShredder cannot only be used on PC systems. Many special systems, e.g. in industry and
medicine, are principally PC compatible as well. In this case, HDShredder can be directly used
on the concerned system. Thanks to its operating system independence, it does not have to
work with the operating system installed on the system. Therefore, you can use HDShredder
on arbitrary, PC compatible systems to delete the data thereon easily and finally.
Tip: HDShredder can also be useful for special systems which are not PC compatible. Most of
such systems use internal IDE, SCSI, or SATA hard disks or flash storage media. You can then
simply install them in a PC and delete them there, in case HDShredder does not run directly
on the concerned special system.
11
3 Supported hardware
This section contains detailed information about the hardware and hardware standards supported by HDShredder. Furthermore, there are special references to be found regarding the usage
of certain device types.
3.1
Overview
Subsequent, you find a listing of the hardware requirements concerning the hardware used to
run HDShredder as well as additionally supported devices. Please note that support for a certain hardware may depend on the edition used (1.4 Edition overview).
3.1.1 Hardware requirements
• PC 80586 or higher, 90 MHz, 64 MB RAM, VGA (optimal: VESA support)
• keyboard: standard, PS/2 or USB
• mouse: serial, PS/2 or USB (optionally, can be operated with keyboard only)
• bootable floppy or CD drive
3.1.2 Supported media
• IDE/ATA hard disks (up to 2048 GB), CompactFlash via IDE
1)
• SATA hard disks (internal & external)
• SCSI hard disks (internal & external)
• USB hard disks (internal & external)
• Firewire hard disks (internal & external)
• USB keys 2), CompactFlash I 3), CompactFlash II 3), MicroDrive 3), SD/MMC
3)
• xD-Picture Card 3), Memory Stick 3), Memory Stick PRO 3), Memory Stick DUO
1)
CompactFlash media with TrueIDE support
2)
must support the USB-Mass-Storage-Class protocoln
3)
via an appropriate USB card reader
3)
3.1.3 Supported controllers
• PCI IDE controller
• Bus master IDE controller
• PCI SCSI host adapter (3.4.2 Compatibility)
• SATA controller with IDE interface (3.3.2 SATA/SATA-II controllers)
• SATA-II controller with AHCI interface (3.3.2 SATA/SATA-II controllers)
• USB UHCI & OHCI controller (USB 1.1)
• USB EHCI controller (USB 2.0)
• IEEE1394 OHCI controller (Firewire)
Note: The devices listed above represent the whole spectrum of hardware supported by HDShredder. Detailed information about which devices are supported by your edition of HDShredder is to be found in chapter1.4 Edition overview.
12
3.2 Compatibility
3.2
Compatibility
HDShredder has been developed for the hardware listed in 3.1 Overview and has been
tested on a multiplicity of according devices. HDShredder also works well with many other
devices. You may use the Free Edition of HDShredder to easily check out in advance and for
free whether the device in question is supported (3.2.1 Compatibility test).
3.2.1 Compatibility test
You can use the Free Edition of HDShredder to find out easily if your drives as well as the associated controllers are supported properly, even if a higher edition is required to use them with
HDShredder. For this purpose, simply start HDShredder Free Edition on the respective PC,
chose drive deletion and move on to the drive selection screen (5.6 Selecting the deletion
area QV). All drives displayed there as well as the associated controllers have been recognized
by HDShredder and are supported by one of the available editions. Which edition will be necessary to utilize a certain device type can be seen from the info box at the right side of the
list box when you select the regarding drive (5.7.4 Information on the drive).
Note: Please ensure that you connect the needed USB devices before starting the program
to ensure that they are recognized correctly (5.1 Preliminary steps).
3.2.2 Standards
To be able to support as many devices as possible, HDShredder implements the effective
standards for the appropriate device types. Device support in HDShredder primarily refers to
the standards applicable to the appropriate device type. In addition, we perform extensive
tests with each device type. Those test also reveal that there is a number of devices, which
themselves implement their respective standard only insufficiently or even inaccurately. Furthermore, it is possible that some problems occur in certain hardware configurations, usually in
certain combinations of controller and device. If possible, HDShredder tries to support even
such devices and to bypass the according deficiencies of the hardware. However, these kinds
of problems can not always be bypassed. Hence even extensive tests cannot completely prevent that a problem appears in your special hardware configuration. In most cases this can be
solved by setting the options appropriately (5.9 Selecting the options and 7 Troubleshooting). Otherwise, our support team (8.5 Support) will assist you to solve the problem.
3.3
IDE/ATA/SATA
In principle, HDShredder supports all IDE/ATA/SATA hard disks. A necessary precondition is, that
they are connected to one of the IDE/ATA/SATA controllers supported by HDShredder
(3.3.1 IDE/ATA controllers and 3.3.2 SATA/SATA-II controllers).
3.3.1 IDE/ATA controllers
HDShredder supports standard IDE controller (ISA) and PCI IDE controller. These may be (internal) onboard controllers as well as (external) PCI/ISA adapter cards. In case of ISA/Standard
13
3.3 IDE/ATA/SATA
IDE controllers, the first two channels are scanned for connected drives. HDShredder recognizes available PCI IDE controllers automatically and scans them for connected drives.
Note: If there are one or more PCI IDE controllers available in the system, ISA controllers that
are possibly present, too, will not be taken into account.
Regarding the PCI IDE controllers supported by HDShredder, this refers to a standardized programming interface, which is supported by a large majority of IDE controllers. Nevertheless,
there are also others, especially external PCI hard disk controllers, which implement a different,
usually proprietary interface. They are often also called “IDE controllers”, as they allow IDE hard
disks to be connected. Since ‘IDE’ stands for a programming interface (program  controller) as
well as for a hardware interface (controller  drive) it results in a double meaning. Refer to
chapter 3.2.1 Compatibility test to determine whether your PCI controller is compliant with
the PCI IDE standard).
3.3.2 SATA/SATA-II controllers
Precondition for the support of SATA drives is an SATA controller with IDE interface or an SATA
II controller with AHCI interface. All popular chipsets from Intel with ICH-5/-6/-7 incorporate
such an IDE-compatible SATA controller. Regrettably, many other SATA controllers only offer a
proprietary programming interface. Nevertheless, it may be possible in case of onboard SATA
controllers to activate a compatibility mode in BIOS setup, which would allow HDShredder to
access the SATA controller. As for SATA II controllers, many models already implement the
AHCI interface supported by HDShredder.
Tip: With the Free Edition of HDShredder you can easily check out whether your SATA or
SATA-II controller is supported (3.2.1 Compatibility test). Connect at least one SATA drive
and start HDShredder. If the SATA drive is recognized, HDShredder also supports the associated SATA/SATA-II controller.
Note: It might possibly be necessary to adjust the SATA settings in BIOS. As mode of operation, “IDE”, “ATA”, “compatible” or “AHCI” should be chosen, but in no case “RAID” or “SATA”.
Additionally it may be necessary to set the controller configuration to combined, especially
for allowing simultaneous use of IDE and SATA hard disks. In this case there are only ports 0/2
or 1/3 available for SATA. Please connect the SATA hard disks accordingly in this case.
3.3.3 Multiword DMA and Ultra-DMA
HDShredder automatically recognizes and uses bus master IDE controllers, which allow data
rates up to 133 MB/sec resp. 7.8 GB/min. Hereby, Multiword DMA (up to 16.7 MB/sec) as well
as Ultra-DMA (UDMA) are supported. This can increase achievable data transmission rates by a
multiple higher of the rates that can be achieved without DMA (in PIO mode). HDShredder recognizes automatically, whether controller and hard disk support DMA and then automatically
selects the fastest usable mode (Multiword DMA or Ultra-DMA 33/66/100/133).
Note: Take into account that both, hard disk and IDE controller have to support a certain
DMA mode. If the actually achieved speed values do not match the technical data of a hard
14
3.3 IDE/ATA/SATA
disk, the reason may be that the IDE controller only supports lower modes. Furthermore, the
achievable values also depend on the physical abilities of the hard disk, i.e. a hard disk with
UDMA-6 (theoretically 133 MB/sec) currently achieves an actual transfer rate of about
60 MB/sec.
3.3.4 Bus master IDE controllers
Precondition for using DMA mode is that the attached PCI IDE controller also supports the Bus
master IDE standard. This is the case for most of the established internal and external IDE con trollers. Whether your PCI IDE controller supports Bus master IDE can be determined by means
of the program PCISniffer, if necessary, which can be downloaded for free at
http://www.miray.de/download/sat.pcisniffer.html. The field 'Classcode' in PCISniffer has to contain the value 01018x (x = arbitrary) for the respective PCI IDE controller.
Note: For using Bus master IDE, the settings and initializations made in and by the PC’s system
BIOS play a major role. In case of HDShredder having problems with utilizing DMA, it is likely
that certain BIOS settings have to be accommodated accordingly. (7.4.3 Problems with
DMA).
3.3.5 Speed
The speed that can be achieved with DMA always depends on the physical abilities of the re garding hard disk. The following rough classification shows the approximate speed that can be
expected by a certain drive type:
Typ
Age
Speed
older drives
about 5-10 years
about 1-20 MB/sec
newer drives
about 2-5 years
about 20-40 MB/sec
top models
about 0-2 years
about 40-90 MB/sec and more
3.4
SCSI
In case you have an edition of HDShredder which also supports SCSI hard disks, the following
chapter provide important information regarding utilization and compatibility of SCSI drives and
controllers.
Note: As HDShredder embeds original driver code of the hardware manufacturers, Miray
Software has no influence on actual compatibility. Hence, the following statements are of informative nature only, are based on specifications of the manufacturer and are not legally
binding (8.3 Disclaimer).
3.4.1 Utilization
You can use HDShredder with SCSI hard disk in the same way as with any other media. HD Shredder automatically recognizes supported SCSI controllers and connected SCSI hard disks at
program start and displays them, along with other recognized media, in the according selective
lists.
15
3.4 SCSI
3.4.2 Compatibility
In principle, HDShredder supports all SCSI hard disk drives. Precondition is that they are con nected to a SCSI controller supported by HDShredder. Currently, HDShredder supports the
popular Narrow-, Wide-, Ultra- and Ultra-Wide-SCSI controllers from Adaptec.
Tip: Whether your SCSI controller is supported can be determined easily with the Free Edition
of HDShredder (3.2.1 Compatibility test). Connect at least one SCSI drive to the SCSI bus
and start HDShredder. If the SCSI drive is being recognized then HDShredder also supports
the SCSI controller.
3.4.3 Manufacturer information
According to information from the manufacturer, the drivers used in HDShredder currently support the following SCSI controllers:
• Adaptec AHA-2930U
• Adaptec ASC-19160
• Adaptec AHA-2940 Ultra
• Adaptec ASC-29160
• Adaptec AHA-2940UW
• Adaptec ASC-29160LP
• Adaptec AHA-2940AU
• Adaptec ASC-29160N
• Adaptec AHA-2944UW
• Adaptec ASC-39160
3.4.4 Driver information
According to information directly from the drivers, they support a number of other SCSI controllers, too, which are partly constructed as onboard chipset (AIC) and partly as adapter cards
(AHA, ASC). They can be recognized definitely by their respective PCI vendor ID and PCI
device ID, which are listed in the following table.
Vendor
9004h
Modell
AHA-2930U
Device
3860h
Vendor
9004h
Modell
AIC-7860
Device
7860h
"
AHA-2930CVAR
3868h
"
AIC-7895
7895h
"
AHA-3950 U2x
"
"
3869h
"
AIC-7880
8078h
"
AIC-7896/7 U2
005Fh
"
AHA-4944(U)W
3B78h
"
AHA-2940U(W)
8178h
"
AIC-789x
006xh
"
AIC-755x
5x75h
"
AHA-3940U(W)(D) 8278h
"
"
007xh
"
AIC-785x
5x78h
"
"
AIC-7560
6075h
"
"
AIC-786x
6x78h
"
AHA-4944UW
8678h
"
AIC-7870
7078h
"
AIC-7887
8778h
"
"
AHA-2940(W)
7178h
"
AIC-7888
8878h
"
"
AHA-3940(W)
7278h
"
AHA-4944(U)W
EC78h
"
AIC-789x
00Dxh
"
AHA-2944
7478h
9005h AHA-2940/50U2W 0010h
"
"
00Exh
"
AHA-3944(W)
7578h
"
AIC-789x
001xh
"
"
00Fxh
"
AHA-4944(U)W
7678h
"
"
002xh
"
AHA-2930U2
0180h
"
AIC-7877
7778h
"
"
003xh
16
AHA-2944UW
Vendor
Modell
Device
9005h AHA-3940/50U2x 0050h
0051h
8478h
"
AIC-7892(A|B)U160 008xh
AHA-3944U(WD) 8578h
"
AIC-789x
009xh
"
"
00Axh
"
00Bxh
AIC-7899(A) U160 00Cxh
3.4 SCSI
The IDs of your respective controllers can be determined by means of the program PCISniffer.
At http://www.miray.de/download/sat.pcisniffer.html you can download it for free from the
Miray homepage. For the regarding PCI SCSI controller, the values displayed by PCISniffer for
the fields Vendor ID and Device ID have to match the values specified above for your SCSI
controller.
3.5
USB
If your edition of HDShredder also supports USB storage media, the following chapters contain
important information regarding utilization and compatibility of USB storage media and controllers.
Note: Please take care to connect USB devices already before starting HDShredder (5.1
Preliminary steps) and if possible directly to the PC resp. to the USB controller (3.5.3 Hubs).
3.5.1 Mass-Storage-Class
USB storage media that is intended to be used with HDShredder has to support the USB-MassStorage-Class protocol. This is an official standard, which is supported by almost all current USB
sticks, USB card readers, USB hard disks etc. If you are not sure if a certain USB storage medium
is supported by HDShredder, you can check this out easily and for free in advance by means
of the Free Edition (3.2.1 Compatibility test).
3.5.2 UHCI, OHCI and EHCI
Regarding USB devices, it is crucial that HDShredder supports the respective USB controller.
HDShredder is capable of all three common USB standards, UHCI and OHCI for USB 1.0/1.1 as
well as EHCI for USB 2.0. In the area of standard PCs, all current USB controllers, onboard con trollers as well as adapter cards, offer one of these three interface standards. In case you are
not sure though whether your USB controller is supported by HDShredder, you can check this
out easily and for free in advance by means of the Free Edition (3.2.1 Compatibility test).
3.5.3 Hubs
USB devices usually may also be connected via a USB hub. Nevertheless, for achieving the
highest possible transfer rate, it is recommended to rather connect them directly to the PC
resp. to the USB controller.
3.6
Firewire (IEEE1394)
If your edition of HDShredder supports Firewire, you can connect arbitrary Firewire drives or
card readers. Connected devices must support the Serial-Bus-Protocol (SBP) in order to be recognized and operated correctly by HDShredder.
Note: Please take care to connect Firewire devices already before starting HDShredder
(5.1 Preliminary steps) and if possible directly to the PC resp. to the Firewire controller.
17
4 Installation
4.1
Introduction
HDShredder does not need an installation in the usual sense. HDShredder can be started directly as a Windows application. Otherwise it can be started without presence of an installed
operating system as a self-booting application from CD or floppy disk. In case you do not
already have HDShredder available on a bootable medium (4.1.1 Bootable medium), it is necessary to create a bootable HDShredder medium before using the self-booting HDShredder
for the first time (4.1.2 Software package).
4.1.1 Bootable medium
In case you have HDShredder already available on a bootable medium, you can start and use
the program immediately on any PC and without any preceding installation, as described in
chapter 5.2 Starting the program.
Note: It is possible that, although you have HDShredder on a physical medium, it may not be
in form of a bootable medium but rather as an installation package. In this case it is also ne cessary to create a bootable medium at first, according to the subsequently provided descriptions.
4.1.2 Software package
As far as you do not have HDShredder on a bootable medium already, you have to create one
before using HDShredder for the first time. The software package, which you should have ob tained in this case, contains the files needed for this purpose. The following chapters describe
how to create a bootable medium. The required procedure can be different according to the
media type or operating system used. The bootable medium created in this way then can be
used to start HDShredder on any PC without any further installation (5.2 Starting the program).
4.2
Installation with Windows
The HDShredder software package contains an installation program for creating a bootable
floppy disk or CD/DVD with only few mouse clicks. To use the installation program, please extract all files of the installation package into an empty folder. Then execute the file
hdshredder.exe from this folder and choose [Create bootable medium] in the emerging dialog
window.
18
4.2 Installation with Windows
4.2.1 Installation interface
When starting the installation program the
main window appears (fig. 1).
• If you want to create a bootable floppy disk,
choose the desired drive at ‘Floppy drive’ and
click on [Create floppy].
• To create a bootable CD/DVD, choose the
desired drive at ‘CD/DVD writer’ and click on
[Create CD/DVD].
• To create a bootable USB key, choose the
desired drive at ‘USB medium’ and click on
[Make bootable].
Follow the instructions and wait until the installation program announces successful creation
of the bootable medium. Then click on [Exit].
Afterwards, please proceed with chapter 5
Program instructions.
fig. 1: HDShredder installation program
Note: When creating a CD/DVD, please always use a new, empty writeable CD/DVD. Otherwise there may be problems when starting HDShredder.
4.2.2 CD/DVD writer not selectable
It is possible that there is no drive offered for selection at CD/DVD writer although a CD/DVD
writer is available on the system. In most cases this results from already installed software for
the CD/DVD writer (e.g. drivers for direct access to the CD/DVD writer with Windows Explorer). It reserves the drive in a way that the installation program cannot access it. If possible,
deactivate or uninstall the CD/DVD writer software. As an alternative, please create a bootable
CD/DVD from that ISO image which is also contained in the software package (4.3.2 Creating a bootable CD/DVD).
4.3
Installation with other operating systems
4.3.1 Creating a bootable floppy disk
You can also create a bootable HDShredder floppy disk without the installation program with
any operating system. For this purpose, the HDShredder software package contains a floppy
disk image in the file hdclone.img. You can create a bootable 3.5"/1.44MB floppy disk from this
image with any appropriate disk imaging program.
Tip: Under UNIX and Linux you may use the tool dd, which is available on these systems, with
the following syntax: dd if=hdshredder.img of=/dev/fd0.
19
4.3 Installation with other operating systems
After having created a bootable floppy disk, you can start HDShredder on any PC as described
in chapter 5.2 Starting the program.
4.3.2 Creating a bootable CD/DVD
The HDShredder software package contains a so called ISO image in the file hdshredder.iso. It
can be used to create a bootable HDShredder CD with any operating system using a CD writ ing software of your choice as far as it supports creating CDs from an ISO image. Further information can be found in the manual of your CD writing software.
• Extract the file hdshredder.iso from the HDShredder software package.
• Start your CD writing software and choose Create CD from image file (or similar, according
to the respective CD writing software)
• Specify the file hdshredder.iso as image file.
• Insert a blank CD into the according drive.
• Write the CD.
Tip: The easiest way of creating a bootable HDShredder CD under Linux is using the software
tool cdrecord with the following syntax: cdrecord hdshredder.iso.
After having accomplished these steps you have created a bootable HDShredder CD. From
this CD you can start HDShredder directly on any PC with a bootable CD/DVD drive as de scribed in 5.2 Starting the program.
Note: Generally the instructions provided above for creating a bootable CD using the ISO image can also be adopted to DVDs. However, some CD/DVD writing software refuses writing
an ISO image to a DVD. The HDShredder installation program (4.2 Installation with Windows) for example also writes DVDs without any problem. Booting from a DVD created this
way also works smoothly.
20
5 Program instructions
The following chapters give a detailed description on how to operate HDShredder, from the
start to the end.
Note: According to the edition you use, there can be deviations between the features described or illustrated herein and the features supported by your edition. Please see chapter
1.4 Edition overview for more information on which features your edition supports.
5.1
Preliminary steps
If you want to use USB devices for the following deletion process and your edition of HDShredder supports USB, connect these devices before starting HDShredder and leave them connected until the deletion process is finished. Otherwise it is not guaranteed that HDShredder re cognizes them correctly. Do not use a USB hub to connect USB storage devices, always connect the USB storage devices directly to the USB controller or the PC case.
Note: HDShredder can be started directly as a Windows application (5.2.2 Windows program) or as a self-booting application (5.2.1 Self-booting program). To start the self-booting
HDShredder, you need a bootable HDShredder CD or floppy disk. If you don’t have HDShredder on a bootable medium, you can create such a device as de-scribed in chapter 4
Installation.
5.2
Starting the program
5.2.1 Self-booting program
Insert the bootable HDShredder CD or floppy disk into the corresponding drive. Switch on the
computer or reboot it. Make sure that BIOS boots from the respective floppy disk or CD drive.
HDShredder will then start automatically from CD or floppy disk and the program screen will
appear.
Note: For troubleshooting loading problems of HDShredder please view chapter 7.1 Load
errors.
5.2.2 Windows program
Start hdshredder.exe from the genuine HDShredder medium or directly from your software
package.
5.3
Program screen
The HDShredder program screen (fig. 2) contains two fields in a lighter blue. They are the
‘active’ area of the program where all information is shown and all operation steps are executed.
21
5.3 Program screen
Status field
Quit
Operating field
Title of dialog page
Help
Selection graphic
fig. 2: Program screen
5.3.1 Status field
The upper field is the status field (fig. 2). It shows the parameters selected for the deletion
process (Deletion area, Drive, Deletion method and Options). Here you see at any point of
the program which parameters you have already selected. Furthermore, the right side of the
status field also shows license information.
5.3.2 Operating field
The lower field is the operating field (fig. 2). In the upper left of the operating field is the title
of the currently shown dialog page together with a corresponding symbol. In the upper right
are two general operating elements: with the help button [?] you can call up the interactive
help at any point of the program (5.5 Help). With the quit button [X] you can quit the program at any time (5.12 Ending the program). At the bottom of the operating field, you find
the buttons [Next] and [Back], with which you can go to the next or previous dialog page.
5.4
Operation
To delete a medium, you are led through five consecutive dialog pages where you can select
the individual parameters for the deletion and start and control the deletion process. These
five dialog pages are shown in the operating field.
5.4.1 Graphical control elements
To control the program, HDShredder knows different graphical control elements (fig. 3 and
fig. 4). The names which are used within this manual to designate the different elements are listed and illustrated by examples in the following illustration.
22
5.4 Operation
List box
Info box
Check box
Button (normal)
fig. 3: Graphical control elements (1)
Dialog window
Button (focused)
Close dialog
Percentage
Progress bar
Button (inactive)
fig. 4: Graphical control elements (2)
5.4.2 Operation with keyboard and mouse
HDShredder is operated by keyboard and mouse. It is also possible to operate the program exclusively by keyboard or exclusively by mouse.
5.4.2.1 Keyboard operation
Operation by keyboard always refers to the currently focused graphical element. This element
is highlighted by color, brightness, or an additional frame. With the tabulator key you can
switch the focus in turn to the other operating elements. The following control keys have a
function when operating the keyboard:
23
5.4 Operation
Key
Control element Function
<Tab>
(all)
Switch to the next element
Arrow keys
List field
Select list element
(///)
Selection graphic Highlight element
<Space>
Button
Press button
Selection graphic Select highlighted element
<Return>
<Esc>
Link
Show link target
Button
Press button (in dialog windows only)
Link
Show link target
Window
Close window (only windows with ✘ in the title bar)
(operating field)
Quit HDShredder
5.4.2.2 Mouse operation
Operating HDShredder with the help of a mouse is done according to the point-and-click principle. The right mouse key has no special function. HDShredder does not use drag-and-drop.
5.5
Help
You can open a context-related help window at any point of the program by pressing the key
<F1> or the [?] symbol in the upper right corner of the operating field (fig. 2). The help gives
you useful hints on the current program screen. The underlined text links in the help window
enable you to jump to other help topics at any time.
Note: The program help is designed to give you useful hints when using the program. The
help is no complete program instruction. That is why you should use this user's manual especially when you have problems or need more information on a topic.
5.6
Selecting the deletion area
On the first dialog page (fig. 5), you can select the
desired deletion area. You can choose between the
options of deleting an entire drive and an individual
partition. The following table provides you a short
overview over the available options. A detailed description of the usage of deletion areas and their effect can be found in chapter 6 Operating principles.
fig. 5: Selecting the deletion area
24
5.6 Selecting the deletion area
Entire drive
Deletes all data on the selected drive.
(6.1.3 Deleting an entire drive).
Single partition
Deletes only the data on the selected partition.
(6.1.4 Deleting a single partition).
After having selected the deletion area, move to the next step by pressing [Next] in the lower
right corner of the operating field (5.7 Selecting the medium).
Already when selecting the deletion area, HDShredder starts the recognition of connected
devices and drives. If the recognition is not finished yet, a corresponding note will be displayed
before the next dialog page will be shown. This can take up to one minute or more. The time
needed also depends on the number of drives connected. If it takes more than five minutes,
you can assume that there is a technical problem. In this case you find further information in
chapter 7 Troubleshooting.
5.7
Selecting the medium
In the two following steps, you select the medium for the deletion process. The left half of the
operating field shows a selection list. On the right side is an info box containing details on the
currently selected element. According to the selected deletion area, you can select either a
drive or a partition. The following two sub-chapters give you more detailed information. After
having selected the medium, you come to 5.9 Selecting the options.
5.7.1 Selecting a drive
When selecting a drive (fig. 6), you see the devices
recognized by HDShredder in the selection list. The
info box besides the selection list shows more details
on the selected element (5.7.4 Information on the
drive).
Select the desired drive. You confirm your selection
by pressing [Next] in the lower right corner of the
operating field and go to the next step.
fig. 6: Selecting a drive
25
5.7 Selecting the medium
5.7.2 Selecting a partition
When selecting a partition (fig. 7), the recognized
drives and the partitions found on them are shown in
the selection list. The partitions belonging to a certain
drive are listed below it in an indented form. The
drives themselves cannot be selected. The frame
with the details on the right side of the selection list
shows details concerning the drive on which the currently selected partition is located.
Select the desired partition. You confirm your selection by pressing [Next] in the lower right corner of
the operating field and go to the next step.
fig. 7: Selecting a partition
5.7.3 Deactivated list entries
There are two cases in which entries in the selection list are deactivated and therefore cannot
be selected:
• In the selection dialog for a partition, the list entries for the corresponding drives are always
deactivated because a partition but not a drive is to be selected.
• If HDShredder recognizes drives, but the edition used does not support them, these drives
and the partitions on them are also deactivated. In order to use HDShredder for these drives,
you need a higher edition. For further information on the supported drives and the capacities
of the different editions of HDShredder, please consult chapter 1.4 Edition overview or the
HDShredder website at http://www.hdshredder.com.
Tip: To see the details of drives which are recognized by HDShredder but not supported by
your edition (1.4 Edition overview), activate the checkbox All drives selectable below the
details. Then you can also select these drives to show the corresponding details. You can see
under the point Supported from which edition on the respective drive is supported.
5.7.4 Information on the drive
On the right side of the selection list for drive or partition, you find a frame containing details
on the currently selected drive. When selecting a partition, the data of the corresponding drive
is shown here. The following information is available:
Field
Description
Controller
Type (IDE/SCSI) and number (0-15) of the controller
Channel/Device
Channel used by the drive (primary/secondary) and
Connection of the drive (master/slave resp. 0-15)
LUN
Logical number of the drive (0-255)
Name
Name of the device (according to the internal drive data)
Serial number
Device serial number (according to the internal drive data)
26
5.7 Selecting the medium
Field
Description
Manufacturer
Name of the manufacturer (according to the internal drive data)
Firmware
Version of the firmware (according to the internal drive data)
Supported
Drive type supported by the edition used
Note: Supported will show yes if the edition you use supports the selected drive. Otherwise
HDShredder indicates here from which edition on that drive is supported.
5.7.5 Sector viewer
Under the Details window, there is a small symbol with a magnifier. A click on that symbol
opens a window where you can view the content of the currently selected medium in form of
individual bytes. This particularly enables you to make a comparison between the data stored
before and after the deletion process.
5.7.6 SpeedTest
On the lower right of the operating field you can find the trigger for a speed test, labeled as
SpeedTest. Here you can start a speed test for the currently selected medium. Since it is only a
pure reading test, all data on the drive stays unchanged. The test shows you the speed which
can be achieved with the currently selected medium. In the first line it serves as an orientation
guide for examining whether it would be reasonable to use a higher edition on the tested sys tem or not. The result reports the maximum achievable speed for linear reading on the selected medium and therefore is also a real performance value of the hardware.
Note: If the option MultiDelete (5.7.7 MultiDelete mode QV) is selected, the speed measurement is being performed for all selected media at the same time. Hence, it determines the
maximum possible concurrent total data throughput of these media. This is especially relevant for potential use of the Enterprise Edition, but also represents a performance test of the
entire system. The speed that can be achieved strongly depends on how the tested media
are connected to the system (6.4.2 Speed).
5.7.7 MultiDelete mode
When selecting the medium to be deleted, you can use the checkbox MultiDelete to activate
MultiDelete mode (6.4 Mass deletion (MultiDelete mode)). In this mode it is possible to select up to 16 drives or partitions for deletion at the same time. For doing so, click on all desired
list entries. The selected entries then will be marked with a dark blue background. To remove a
marked list entry from the selection, it simply has to be clicked again. You can then use the
SpeedTest (5.7.6 SpeedTest) to measure the data throughput of the selected drives or partitions in parallel operation. Deleting multiple drives in parallel is only possible with the Enterprise
Edition. It allows to delete up to 4, 8 or 16 targets at a time, depending on the stage used (En terprise Edition 4x, Enterprise Edition 8x or Enterprise Edition 16x).
27
5.7 Selecting the medium
Note: The MultiDelete option can be activated in all editions of HDShredder, even in the
Free Edition. This can be used to check in advance which speed can be achieved on a certain system by using the Enterprise Edition. Please keep in mind that the achievable speed in
this case strongly depends on the interfaces used (most suitable: IDE, SATA, and SCSI) and the
drive combinations (only use master drives with IDE).
5.8
Selecting the deletion method
The dialog page ‘Deletion method’ provides different deletion methods to be used for different
areas of application. These procedures are grouped into three categories. The category Automatic allows you to perform a simple and secure deletion fast and easily without needing any
further detailed technical knowledge except of the criteria of time and security. The category
Standards is designed for users required or wanting to fulfill certain deletion standards for
themselves or for their client. In the category Custom, you can define all details of the deletion
method by yourself. Further information concerning the functions of the different deletion
methods can be found in 6.5 Deletion methods.
5.8.1 Automatic
Select the desired option:
• Fast: One run within the shortest time possible gives you the security that no one can view
or recover your data with the help of normal means.
• Medium: The best possible combination of security and time.
• High security: Deletes data using an internationally recognized method which is also con-
sidered to be secure against the data recovery in the laboratory.
By clicking [Next] at the right bottom of the dialog box, you confirm your selection and come
to the next step.
Note: If you want to have the highest security possible but you are not sure whether the
available time is sufficient, you can simply use the deletion method High security. In case of a
lack of time, you can abort the process at any time. This will not affect the deletion progress
attained up to that point of time negatively and you may achieve a higher level of security.
Example: You achieve a higher security aborting a High security (7 runs) process after 4 runs
than only using method Medium (3 runs), but letting it run till the end.
5.8.2 Standards
Simply select the desired standard from the list displayed. By clicking [Next] at the right bottom
of the dialog box, you confirm your selection and come to the next step.
5.8.3 Custom
This category offers you a mask where you can define your specific deletion method fast and
easily. A specific deletion method is based on three parameters and a repetition counter.
28
5.8 Selecting the deletion method
5.8.3.1 Deletion pattern
You can disable or enable the parameters individually
(fig. 8), if necessary, using the selection box at the
respectively left side of the parameter. Depending on
their activation, they will be taken into account within
the deletion process. As default, only the upper parameter Deletion pattern is enabled. You define a deletion pattern as follows:
• Deletion pattern: Here, you set the pattern to be
used for overwriting the sectors. Please consider
the following note.
fig. 8: User defined deletion patterns
• Alternating pattern: If this parameter is enabled, the pattern indicated here is always written
on the medium in a further run immediately after the pattern specified under ‘Deletion pattern’.
• Iteration(s): The value set here indicates how often the cycle consisting of deletion pattern
and alternating pattern is to be repeated.
• Finalize with random values: After having executed all repetitions, a final run with random
numbers as a pattern can be carried out.
Note: The deletion patterns are entered in hexadecimal notation. The deletion pattern is always interpreted as 32 bit value. However, you can also enter a value of 16 or 8 bits only.
This value will then be automatically converted in a 32 bit value by placing the entered value
2 or 4 times after one another. Example: The input mask converts 5Fh into 5F5F5F5Fh. There
is small display behind the input field graphing the entered value as a binary curve.
5.8.3.2 Verification
You can select the option Verify for the different deletion patterns and the final run. If this option is enabled, the respective deletion run is followed by a verification run to check whether
the previously written patterns can be read from the medium, i.e. it is verified whether the deletion pattern has actually been written on the medium.
5.9
Selecting the options
On the dialog page Options, you can set the options with which you want the following deletion process to be executed. Principally, HDShredder automatically sets the optimal options for
the selected drives and the type of deletion. Only modify the options to troubleshoot prob lems (7 Troubleshooting) or when you are sure that this improves the performance of HDShredder.
Note: An improper modification of options can possibly lead to a deterioration of the deletion
performance.
If the settings of the individual options comply with your demands, click [Next]. You then
come to the next dialog page where you can start the deletion process (5.10 Deleting data).
29
5.9 Selecting the options
5.9.1 Locked options
The options have different possibilities of availability and selectability. Locked options cannot
be modified, but the displayed setting is valid. fig. 9 shows the different possibilities.
active & locked
inactive & locked
active
inactive
fig. 9: Selecting the options
5.9.2 General options
In the column General, you find options, which relate to the operating method of HDShredder
and the deletion process in general.
Option
Meaning
SmartDefectSkip
Special deletion algorithm. Ensures fast deletion even in case of defective sectors.
CachedMemory
Use fast intermediate memory.
SharedMemory
Use fast data transfers.
Animation
Switch off deletion animation for a slight speed increase.
5.9.3 Options for the medium
In the column Medium, you find setting possibilities, which relate especially to the drive selected for the deletion process.
30
5.9 Selecting the options
Option
Meaning
IRQ
In IRQ mode, the medium will be optimally synchronized. This ensures maximum deletion performance.
DMA
For highest deletion performance and shortest deletion time.
Read cache
Use fast read buffer.
Write cache
Use fast write buffer.
Multi-sector PIO
Increases speed by about 10% compared to the standard mode
when DMA is deactivated (see above).
Recovery via PIO
Optimal handling of defective sectors.
Cooling phase
To fix data errors or interruptions during the USB data transfer
(7.6.2 Other device problems).
Sector area
Exactly definable deletion area (6.3 Deleting a sector area).
5.10
Deleting data
On the dialog page Delete data (fig. 10), you can
start the deletion process. Check beforehand in the
status field whether the settings for deletion area,
medium, deletion method, and the selected options
are correct. If not, go back to the corresponding dialog page by clicking (repeatedly) [Back] in the lower
left corner of the operating field and adjust the settings. As soon as you want to start the deletion profig. 10: Dialog page 'Delete data'
cess, click [Start] in the bottom margin of the operating field. During the deletion process, you can follow the process with the help of the displays
described in the following subchapters.
5.10.1 Security query
Before the actual start of the deletion process, a security query (fig. 11) appears where the medium to
be deleted as well as corresponding security notes
are displayed. Click [Start deletion] to start the deletion process and [Cancel] to return without starting
the deletion process.
Warning: All data in the target area will be irretrievably deleted by starting the deletion process.
fig. 11: Security query
5.10.2 Deletion animation
In the center of the operating field, you see the deletion animation (if you have not deactivated it when selecting the options) after the start of the deletion process. The deletion animation shows that the deletion process is running. Especially in case the other indications only
31
5.10 Deleting data
change marginally or do not change at all for a time (e.g. in case of read or write errors), the
deletion animation shows that HDShredder is still running.
5.10.3 Status indication
On the left and right side of the operating field, you see the fields of the status indication. They
contain information on the current status of the deletion process.
Status
Meaning
Sectors processed
Absolute number of sectors already copied.
Run
Number of deletion runs started at this point.
Read errors
Number of the read errors occurred up to this point. This number
can also decrease if errors can be fixed. When starting the optional
verification run, this value is set back to zero.
Write errors
Number of the write errors occurred up to this point. This number
can also decrease if errors can be fixed. When starting the optional
verification run, this value is set back to zero.
Running time
Time passed since the start of the deletion process.
Time remaining
Estimated (!) time remaining for the whole deletion process (incl. the
optional verification run) on the basis of the deletion speed attained
up to here. Note: The rest time can strongly increase in case of occurring read or write errors.
Data rate
Average data rate which has been attained up to this point of time.
The indicated value refers to the amount of deleted sectors.
Verification errors
This indication is only used if the deletion procedure contains verification runs..
5.10.4 Percentage indication
The percentage indication (fig. 4) is located below the deletion animation. It shows how
many percent of the current run (5.10.6 Course of the process) are already finished.
5.10.5 Progress bar
The progress bar (fig. 4) below the percentage indication visualizes the progress of the current run. Which run (5.10.6 Course of the process) is currently processed is shown in the
status indication on the left above the progress bar.
5.10.6 Course of the process
The whole procedure consists of several runs according to the selected 6.5 Deletion methods: First of all a normal deletion run with an optional verification run. Furthermore, each deletion run can be followed by a complementary run with inverted deletion pattern as well as by
an optional verification run, too. This sequence can be repeated up to 99 times. Further on, according to the deletion method, a final run with random numbers as well as an optional verific ation run can be performed. The Custom mode thus allows up to 398 runs. Additionally, the
32
5.10 Deleting data
same number of troubleshooting runs can follow with the option SmartDefectSkip (5.9.2
General options). However, the time required cannot be concluded therefrom. The option
SmartDefectSkip, for instance, particularly serves to reduce the time required even though
more runs are necessary. Therefore, the value indicated as Time remaining is always crucial for
the time required.
Note: This instruction uses the term deletion process to describe the complete procedure
with all corresponding runs (deletion, verification, troubleshooting).
5.10.7 Interrupting the running process
You can interrupt the running deletion process or the
verification run at any time by clicking [Stop]. A dialog window then appears (fig. 12) where you have
the choice to either continue the process (click on
[Continue deletion]) or to abort it completely (click
on [Abort deletion] 5.11.1 User abort). As long as
you select neither option, the current process remains interrupted.
5.11
fig. 12: Abort dialog deletion process
Termination of the deletion process
5.11.1 User abort
If you interrupt a running deletion process by clicking [Stop] (5.10.7 Interrupting the running
process), you can definitively abort the process in the dialog window which then appears
(fig. 12) by clicking [Abort deletion]. You then obtain a final report (5.11.3 Final report)
upon the prematurely terminated process.
Note: Activating the option SmartDefectSkip ensures that also in case of a premature abortion of the deletion process the highest security level possible at this point is achieved. Example: if a deletion process with seven runs is aborted after the third run, the security level of
a deletion process with three runs is already achieved at that point of time.
5.11.2 Regular termination
After finishing all runs (5.10.6 Course of the process) without a premature abort, the deletion
process is regularly ended. You then obtain a final report upon the complete deletion process
in a dialog window (5.11.3 Final report) and, a complete deletion report (5.11.4 Deletion
report), if desired.
5.11.3 Final report
After termination (fig. 13) or the abort (fig. 14) of a deletion process, you obtain a final report in a dialog window with the following information.
33
5.11 Termination of the deletion process
fig. 13: Final report after a
fig. 14: Final report after the
successful deletion run
abort of the deletion run
• The medium has been deleted completely: in case the deletion process has been finished
without an abort (even if sector errors occurred).
• The deletion process has been aborted: in case the deletion process has been aborted be-
fore its regular termination.
Furthermore, the final report contains the following information:
Field
Meaning
Medium
deleted drive or deleted partition
Method
applied deletion method
Passes
number of runs initiated
Sectors deleted
total number of deleted sectors
Write errors
Total number of write errors occurred during the deletion process.
Write errors, which occur during a verification run, are exclusively
counted as verification errors.
Verification errors
Total number of errors occurred during a verification run. This includes read errors as well as non-identical data during comparison.
This field is not shown, if no verification run was started.
Runtime
Time required for the whole process, i.e. for all deletion and verification runs (if executed).
With [Report] you can create a complete deletion report of the preceding deletion process
(QV). You can also start another deletion process by clicking [Delete another medium] or end
the program by clicking [Quit HDShredder] (5.12.2 Good-bye screen).
5.11.4 Deletion report
You can generate a complete deletion report from the dialog window containing the final report (5.11.3 Final report). The deletion report contains a complete and comprehensive description of the previous deletion process and can serve as proof of the completed deletion to-
34
5.11 Termination of the deletion process
wards the client, for instance. The report dialog (fig.
15) offers three possibilities to output the report,
which are described below.
5.11.4.1 Storing to file
To store the report on an external medium, select
Save to file. You can use an internal or external
floppy disk drive or a USB key. If possible, do not use
the program floppy disk in order not to stress it unnecessarily. In case of a floppy disk, remove any write
protection. Click on [Create] to save the deletion report to the selected medium. The report will be written in the file SHREDxxx.LOG (“xxx“ stands for a consecutive three-digit number). If you save several deletion reports on the same medium, each report has
its own number. This makes is possible to uniquely
identify the different reports. The medium must have
at least one free file entry in the main directory (max.
224) as well as about 5 KB of free memory minimum
(or more according to the deletion method used and
fig. 15: Deletion report dialog
the number of errors occured). Finally, a message is
displayed to indicate whether the report has been successfully saved (fig. 16). If you click on
[Cancel], the deletion report will not be saved.
Note: Long file names need several file entries at
once. Even if less than 224 files are listed in the
main directory of the medium, HDShredder may display the message “No free memory in the file system”. In case of problems, you should generally use
an empty or newly formatted medium to save the
deletion report to.
5.11.4.2 Transmission via null modem connection
fig. 16: Write report to file
Select Serial null modem output to transmit the deletion report to another computer (destination device) via a serial cable. HDShredder automatically uses the respective serial interface for the transmission; the interface does not have to be
separately selected. You only need to indicate the speed according to the transmission speed
set on the destination device (option 9600 bps or 115200 bps). Furthermore, the following
transmission parameters should be set on the destination device before the transmission starts:
• Data bits:
8
• Parity:
none
• Stop bits:
1
35
5.11 Termination of the deletion process
Click on [Create] to transmit the deletion report to the destination device via the serial interface. If you click [Abort], you can terminate without outputting a deletion report.
5.11.4.3 Output to a printer
To output the deletion report to a printer, select Printer output. You can choose between the
output to a parallel connected printer (option parallel) or to a USB connected printer (option
USB). Click on [Create] to print out the deletion report. The report is automatically sent on the
connected printer. If you click [Abort], you can terminate without outputting a deletion report.
5.12
Ending the program
5.12.1 End dialog
You can end HDShredder at any time. Possibly open
dialog windows have to be closed before. Click then
the end symbol [X] (5.3.2 Operating field) in the
upper right corner of the operating field (fig. 2) or
press <ESC>. The end dialog appears (fig. 17)
where you can quit HDShredder by clicking [Yes] and
return to the program by clicking [No]. Furthermore,
you can cancel HDShredder directly after a terminated deletion process (5.11.3 Final report).
fig. 17: End dialog
5.12.2 Good-bye screen
After the termination of HDShredder, either via the
end dialog (5.12.1 End dialog) or via the dialog window with the final report (5.11.3 Final report), a
good-bye screen appears (fig. 18). You can then
shut down the computer or reboot it.
Note: If you do not want to start HDShredder when
you start the computer the next time, remove the
HDShredder boot medium from the boot drive.
fig. 18: Good-bye screen
36
6 Operating principles
This paragraph gives you detailed descriptions of the operating principles of the different deletion methods and modes and of the operation of HDShredder in case of defective media.
6.1
Deletion area
HDShredder can handle both, entire drives and individual partitions. It can also delete sector-exact subareas (6.3 Deleting a sector area). The meaning, effect, and areas of application
of different deletion areas are described in the following subchapters. The different deletion
areas allow you to determine which areas or which data are to be deleted (“What is
deleted?“). Regardless of that, different deletion methods can be applied on the respective
area (“How is deleted?“), see also 6.5 Deletion methods.
6.1.1 Preliminary remark
Defining a deletion area with HDShredder allows you to determine exactly which data are to
be deleted. This might also strongly influence the time required for the deletion. That time res ults from the amount of the sectors to be deleted multiplied by the number of runs (according
to the deletion method used, see 6.5 Deletion methods).
Important: In case of doubt, you should always delete the entire medium. Only if you are entirely sure that only a part, e.g. an individual partition, is to be deleted, you should limit the
area of deletion by selecting the corresponding deletion area.
Tip: If you want to limit the area of deletion for reasons of time (e.g. complex deletion meth od), but you are not entirely sure whether the remaining areas are free of sensitive data, perform a simple deletion (6.5.1.1 Fast – 1 run) of the entire medium at first. Afterwards, delete the limited area with the desired and more complex deletion method.
6.1.2 Physical deletion
In contrast to the normal deletion of files with the delete”command or the trash or by formatting the medium, HDShredder does not only delete the file references from the file directory
(or the administration table) but also completely overwrites the contents of files and directories. This also applies for files which have already been deleted in the conventional manner.
However, any medium or its sensitive areas should generally be overwritten once at least. This
prevents the data thereon from being recovered using conventional data recovery software.
Warning: After the physical deletion, the entire deleted data can only be recovered with
great technical expenditure – if possible at all – depending on the deletion method used (see
6.5 Deletion methods). This also applies, of course, for an unintentional deletion. Before
starting the deletion process, please make sure you only delete the desired medium. A recovery of the data – also in case of an unintentional deletion – is generally impossible.
37
6.1 Deletion area
6.1.3 Deleting an entire drive
This deletion mode physically deletes an entire
drive. Each sector of the drive is overwritten
once at least or even several times with a certain
deletion pattern, both according to the deletion
method selected (see 6.5 Deletion methods).
After the successful completion of the deletion
fig. 19: Deleting an entire drive
process, all data and files previously stored on
the drive are ultimately deleted, as well their names as their contents.
Note: The physical deletion of entire drives overwrites all sectors on the drive. This destroys
actually all data on the drive, including data which are not stored in files (e.g. hidden operat ing system data, boot sector viruses, etc.). HDShredder also allows you to securely delete proprietary file systems (e.g. of industrial or medical systems).
Deleting an entire drive is particularly useful for the following areas of application:
• Secure deletion of drives with unknown data, e.g. as a service provider.
• Deletion of data outside the file system (e.g. hidden operating system data, viruses, etc.)
• Secure deletion of proprietary file systems and hard disk formats (e.g. of industrial or medical
systems).
6.1.4 Deleting a single partition
This deletion mode works quite similar to the previously described mode (6.1.3 Deleting an entire drive). However, in this case, only the contents of a single partition is physically deleted
fig. 20: Deleting a single partition
and not the entire drive. The deletion is done by
overwriting the partition once or several times with a certain deletion pattern, both depending
on the deletion method selected (see 6.5 Deletion methods).
This deletion area is particularly useful for the following areas of application:
• Secure deletion of single partitions containing sensitive data.
• Selective deletion of data partitions, e.g. in case of a further use of the system installation.
• Reduction of the time required for the deletion by limiting the area to be deleted.
• Using different deletion methods for different partitions.
6.1.5 Deleting a sector area
HDShredder also allows you to only delete a particular area of sectors. For this reason the Options screen (5.9 Selecting the options) offers you the point Sector area. Here, you can specify the desired sector area exactly. Enter the first sector to be deleted in the input field from
and the last sector to be deleted in the input field to. The preset value in the field to is the last
sector of the selected medium or partition.
38
6.1 Deletion area
Important: The sectors specified for the sector area always refer to the initially selected deletion area (6.1 Deletion area) and are indicated in relation to it. Example: If you have selected a partition as deletion area and specified the sector area from 0 to 9, the first 10 sectors
of the partition will be deleted, even if these sectors have another absolute number on the
medium.
6.2
Automatic troubleshooting
In case of occurring errors, HDShredder tries to troubleshoot them the best possible. If this is
not possible, the errors will be mentioned in a corresponding error statistic. The following
chapters give you more detailed information on the troubleshooting and error statistic in HDShredder.
6.2.1 Intensive reading/writing
In case of read or write errors, HDShredder uses different strategies in order to still be able to
read or write the data, if possible. The time used for defective areas depends to a large extent
on the respective medium. According to the medium and its state, several seconds up to
minutes can be needed for repeated attempts. Therefore, it is recommended to always activate the option SmartDefectSkip (5.9.2 General options) because then handling defective
sectors takes place after the deletion of all intact areas has been finished. The process can
then be aborted if it takes too long without exposing the data in the intact areas.
6.2.2 Read errors
During the deletion process, read errors can only occur in a verification run. HDShredder then
tries to read the defective areas immediately after termination of the run (option SmartDefectSkip 5.9.2 General options) within a special troubleshooting run (5.10.6 Course of the process), using special access strategies. During the troubleshooting run, the number of the indicated errors can reduce according to the areas on the medium, which could be finally accessed.
Note: Read errors, that occur during the verification run, are not counted as read errors but
as verification errors (5.10.3 Status indication).
6.2.3 Write errors
Write errors can only occur during a deletion run. HDShredder then tries to write the defective
areas immediately after termination of the deletion run (option SmartDefectSkip, 5.9.2 General options) within a special troubleshooting run (5.10.6 Course of the process), using special access strategies. During the troubleshooting run, the number of the indicated write errors
can reduce according to the areas on the medium, which could be finally accessed.
6.2.4 Verification errors
If the selected deletion method contains verification runs, HDShredder executes verification
runs (5.10.6 Course of the process) in addition to the deletion process. A verification error is
counted if the data read does no match the previously written pattern.. Furthermore, read er39
6.2 Automatic troubleshooting
rors, which occur during the verification run, are also counted as verification errors. Therefore,
the number of verification errors gives you absolute information on the amount of sectors
where secure deletion could not be confirmed. In case of an error-free deletioning process,
HDShredder should not report any verification errors and signalize a 100% conformity with the
deletion patterns written.
6.3
Deleting a sector area
In case of an area deletion, the medium is not used as a whole. Only a partial area of the selected medium (drive or partition) is used for the deletion.
6.3.1 Usage
The dialog page Options provides the possibility to specify an exactly definable sector area
(5.9.3 Options for the medium). To specify a sector area, activate the check box Sector area
and enter the starting (from) and the ending (to) sector of the area to define. These sectors
are interpreted as the first and the last sector of the are, i.e. they are included with the area.
Note: The sector counting starts with with ‘0’ (= 1st sector of the medium). Accordingly, all further sector numbers have to be decreased by 1, too (e.g. from = 0, to = 99999 defines the
first 100000 sectors on the medium as an area).
Warning: You should not conduct an area deletion unless you are completely aware of its
functioning and possible consequences. A sector area, which has not been defined with expertise may lead to undeleted data remaining on the medium.
6.3.2 Functioning
The sector area is always subordinated to the selected medium (drive or partition) and is interpreted relatively to the starting position of the medium. Instead of using the whole medium for
the subsequent deletion process, only the defined sector area will be used. Compared to a
normal deletion, the only difference is that instead of deleting the whole drive or partition only
the defined partial area is being deleted.
Example: The values from = 0, to = 31 define an are of 32 sectors. In case of the type of the
medium is a drive, the declaration refers to the first 32 sectors on the drive. In case the type
of the medium is a partition, the declaration refers to the first 32 sectors of the partition and
may be located at an arbitrary position of the drive (depending on the partition table).
6.4
Mass deletion (MultiDelete mode)
In case of a mass deletion, multiple target media are being deleted at the same time. As a result there is a huge benefit regarding time and performance, since multiple media can be deleted at the same time.
40
6.4 Mass deletion (MultiDelete mode)
6.4.1 Mode of operation
With HDShredder, performing a mass deletion works exactly the same (simple) way as deleting
a single medium. The only difference is that instead of only one, multiple media can be selected. This becomes possible as soon as the option MultiDelete is being selected in the medium
selection dialog (5.7 Selecting the medium). Then it is possible to select multiple media from
the list. The further procedure then is the same as when deleting a single medium.
Note: When performing a mass deletion, the result on a single medium is identical with the
result of a single deletion – and hence equally secure. This is also valid when using one of the
different deletion modes (6.5 Deletion methods): regarding the result, there is no difference in comparison to a single deletion.
6.4.2 Speed
Mass deletion yields an enormous advantage in speed compared to single deletions. In case of
optimal connected media (6.4.3 Different media), speed increases straight proportional with
the number of media. For example, a fourfold deletion yields about four times the data
throughput of a single deletion.
6.4.3 Different media
Regarding mass deletion, HDShredder offers the possibility to connect all types of supported
drives in arbitrary combinations. But there may be huge differences in performance according
to which drives are used and how they are connected. For maximum speed, only IDE, SATA,
and SCSI drives ought to be used. And IDE drives should always be configured as master.
6.5
Deletion methods
HDShredder offers the respective deletion methods adequate for different areas of application. They are grouped into three categories.
6.5.1 Automatic
This category is designed for a simple and secure deletion. It allows you to start the deletion
procedure fast and easily without further detailed technical knowledge simply according to the
criteria of time and security. The category therefore provides three deletion methods.
6.5.1.1 Fast – 1 run
This deletion method offers the highest possible deletion speed with one run only. This method
already prevents the data from being easily readout or recovered with conventional data recovery software.
6.5.1.2 Medium – 3 runs
For technical reasons, the security against recovering the data in a laboratory increases with
the number of deletion passes performed. This deletion method combines high security with a
reasonable duration of the deletion process.
41
6.5 Deletion methods
6.5.1.3 High security – 7 runs
This deletion method provides internationally approved security against recovering deleted
data – even in a special data recovery laboratory. That is why its 7 runs require a certain peri od of time to perform the deletion.
6.5.2 Standards
This category allows you to perform the deletion according to one of the international standards. This category is particularly designed for users having to or wanting to fulfil a certain deletion standard for themselves or for their clients. Simply select the desired standard and the de letion will be performed according to the parameters required by this standard.
6.5.2.1 VSITR
Country: Germany
Origin:
Bundesministerium des Innern (BMI) – German department of the interior
Passes: 1
6.5.2.2 BSI-GSB
Country: Germany
Origin:
Bundesamt für Sicherheit in der Informationstechnik
Passes: 3
6.5.2.3 ACSI 33
Country: Australia
Origin:
Communications-Electronic Security Instruction
Passes: 16
6.5.2.4 AFSSI 5020
Country: USA
Origin:
Air Force System Security Instruction
Passes: 4
6.5.2.5 AR380-19
Country: USA
Origin:
Army Regulation – Information Systems Security
Passes: 3
6.5.2.6 DoD5200.28M
Country: USA
Origin:
Department of Defense – ADP Security Manual
Passes: 3
6.5.2.7 DoD5220.22M
Country: USA
Origin:
Department of Defense – National Industrial Security Program Operating Manual
(NISPOM)
Passes: 4
6.5.2.8 NCSC-TG-025
Country: USA
42
6.5 Deletion methods
Origin:
Passes:
National Computer Security Center – Technical Guideline
3
6.5.2.9 HMG IS5 (Baseline)
Country: Great Britain
Origin:
British Government
Passes: 2
6.5.2.10
Country:
Origin:
Passes:
HMG IS5 (Enhanced)
Great Britain
British Government
4
6.5.2.11
Country:
Origin:
Passes:
GOST P50739-95
Russia
Federal Agency on Technical Regulating and Metrology
2
6.5.2.12
Country:
Origin:
Passes:
RCMP TSSIT OPS-II
Canada
Royal Canadia Mounted Police
7
6.5.2.13
Country:
Origin:
Passes:
Bruce Schneier's Method
USA
Security expert
7
6.5.2.14
Country:
Origin:
Passes:
Roy Pfitzner's Method
Germany
Conference of Data Security Officials
33
6.5.2.15
Country:
Origin:
Passes:
Peter Gutmann's Method
New Zealand
University of Auckland
35
6.5.3 Custom
This category allows you to define the deletion method in all details (5.8.3 Custom). Only
few steps are necessary to define your own deletion method in order to customize the deletion to your individual requirements.
43
7 Troubleshooting
This paragraph describes possible problems when using HDShredder and offers proposals for
solution. If there should be no proposal for solution for a problem, you can gladly contact our
Support (8.5 Support).
7.1
Load errors
During the start of the program, before HDShredder is loaded itself, a message and a progress
bar will appear on the boot screen. In case of an error, one of the following error codes will be
indicated here.
7.1.1 Error #5002 and ‘Disk error’
This error will be displayed if the boot medium is not readable when booting the program. The
error is reported by the BIOS of the computer and points to a defective data carrier or a problem with the used boot drive. In many cases, in particular when booting from a floppy disk, an
incompatibility between drive and data carrier is the cause. Principally this problem can be
fixed. Please try the following steps, at best in the indicated order:
• Try again to boot the program, perhaps with/without cold start.
• Create once again a bootable disk (4 Installation).
• Floppy disk: format the floppy disk (no quick format) before creating a new one.
• Floppy disk: use another floppy disk.
• Use (if possible) another boot drive.
Note: If you didn’t receive HDShredder as an installation package but on a bootable disk and
if a disk shows this problems also after multiple trials on different devices, please contact our
Support (8.5 Support) and indicate your license number.
7.1.2 Other errors
If other errors in the form of #(number) should occur when loading the program, please con tact our Support (8.5 Support).
7.2
Keyboard and mouse
HDShredder supports DIN and PS/2 keyboards as well as serial and PS/2 mice (3 Supported
hardware). If keyboard or mouse (or both) do not function with HDShredder, this is usually because the concerned computer has only a USB keyboard or USB mouse. On most of the computers, you can fix this problem by activating the emulation for PS/2 devices in the BIOS setup.
Please consult your computer manual on how to change this setting because modifying this
option is different according to the respective BIOS. In most of the cases, you can find it under
the name USB Legacy Support or USB Keyboard Support (often under Integrated Peripherals
or Advanced Options). As an alternative, you can temporarily connect a PS/2 keyboard or
mouse for running HDShredder.
44
7.2 Keyboard and mouse
Note: In some of the cases, problems with the PS/2 keyboard and/or mouse occurred with an
activated emulation for PS/2 devices. If you do not use any USB input de-vices, please switch
off the PS/2 emulation in the BIOS setup.
7.3
General problems
7.3.1 Slowed down system
If you think the speed of the total system or the deletion speed – also with IDE and SCSI
devices – is too slow, a USB controller can be the cause, even if it is not used (7.6.4 Speed
loss).
7.3.2 Read, write and verification errors
If HDShredder reports errors, these are usually defective areas on the respective medium.
However, general problems with the hardware can possibly also cause (putative) read and
write errors. This is mostly noticeable by a very high number of displayed errors. First of all, try
to fix the problem via the help instructions for the respective hardware types (IDE, SCSI, USB)
because the causes are usually found there. If the problems cannot be fixed this way either,
deactivate step by step the following options, at best in the indicated order:
• CachedMemory
• Read cache and write cache
• DMA
• SharedMemory
If the problem does not occur any more after having deactivated a certain option, the previously deactivated options can be reactivated as a test.
7.4
IDE/ATA/SATA
7.4.1 Drive not recognized
If HDShredder does not recognize a certain drive, there can be several reasons. Perhaps the
controller which the disk is connected to has not been found (7.4.2 IDE controller not
found). A further possible reason can be a non-standardly connected drive. This is for example
the case if an IDE drive is configured as slave and if a CD/DVD drive or no drive at all is con nected at the same IDE channel as master. Normally, HDShredder can handle that, too.
Note: If an SATA hard disk is not recognized, this can also be due to the used SATA controller
(3.3.2 SATA/SATA-II controllers).
7.4.2 IDE controller not found
There are the following three reasons why HDShredder has not automatically recognized an
IDE controller:
45
7.4 IDE/ATA/SATA
• The IDE controller/channel is deactivated, e.g. on an onboard IDE controller. Activate the IDE
controller/channel via the BIOS setup.
• Standard IDE controllers (ISA) are not taken into account if PCI IDE controllers are available.
Connect the respective hard disk to a PCI IDE controller in this case or deactivate the PCI IDE
controller or controllers.
• The used controller does not correspond to the PCI IDE standard. Although most controllers
support this standardized programming interface, there are some controllers which have only
a proprietary programming interface. More detailed information can be found in 3.3.1
IDE/ATA controllers. Connect the corresponding drives to another controller (PCI IDE controller).
7.4.3 Problems with DMA
The following general problems can occur with (Ultra) DMA:
• The achieved speed is too slow despite DMA. Please consider that the achievable speed
(Fehler: Referenz nicht gefundenFehler: Referenz nicht gefunden) depends on many
factors and that this is not absolutely due to a problem with DMA.
• DMA mode is not available. When selecting the options (5.9.3 Options for the medium),
the option DMA is deactivated and locked in this case.
• Read, write or verification errors occur when using DMA.
In all cases, the problems can be due to the same reasons. When having problems with DMA,
you can principally use PIO mode at any time. Deactivate the option DMA of the concerned
drive when selecting the options (5.9.3 Options for the medium). Since PIO mode is usually
much slower than DMA, we recommend to try first of all the following hints and help instruc tions to possibly be able to use the DMA mode. Please consider the notes in subchapter
7.4.4 BIOS settings as well
• Check if the concerned drive really supports DMA. Some older drives and especially older
CompactFlash media do not support DMA.
• Make sure that from Ultra DMA Mode 3 on an 80-wire data cable is used to connect the
drives.
• Please note that when two drives are connected via the same cable, the DMA mode of the
slower drive is also used for the faster drive. Remove the slower drive temporarily, if possible,
or connect the drives via separate channels or cables.
• Try both connections of the data cable (center connection and connection at the end) in
case of a single connected drive to eliminate possible problems with damping (center connection) and reflection (connection at the end).
• Switch the used UltraDMA mode to a lower value in the BIOS setup (7.4.4.1 Switch to a
lower/higher UltraDMA mode) or deactivate UltraDMA (7.4.4.2 Activate/deactivate UltraDMA). Multiword DMA mode will be (automatically) still available, which offers about a
twice to four times higher speed than PIO mode.
46
7.4 IDE/ATA/SATA
• On the other hand, you can also try to activate UltraDMA or to switch to a higher UltraDMA
mode if the corresponding default settings in your BIOS setup are too low.
Note: Our tests showed that some chipsets and hard disks do not collaborate optimally. This
can lead to the fact that the UltraDMA mode (putatively correctly) recognized and set in the
BIOS is too high.
7.4.4 BIOS settings
The following notes refer to settings which you should possibly make in the BIOS setup of your
computer if problems occur during the use of DMA. Since the settings offered by the BIOS
setup are manufacturer- and model-specific, these notes can only be given in a general form.
Consult your BIOS manual on how exactly to make these settings in your BIOS setup and which
settings are available. You normally find the DMA settings under Integrated Peripherals or
Chipset Setup in the BIOS setup.
Note: Please execute the automatic drive recognition in the BIOS after every modification of
the DMA and drive settings so that the modifications for the corresponding drives become effective. Make sure to save the modifications via Save and Exit when leaving BIOS setup.
7.4.4.1 Switch to a lower/higher UltraDMA mode
In many BIOS setups the (highest) used UltraDMA mode can be selected manually. If you have
problems with DMA, try to switch the used mode step by step to a lower level at the corres ponding IDE channel. Only if this does not solve the problem, deactivate UltraDMA com pletely. The controller then mostly (automatically) uses multi-word DMA, which is at least faster
than PIO. You can switch the UltraDMA mode step by step to a higher level of course, if you
think that you have not selected the best possible UltraDMA mode.
7.4.4.2 Activate/deactivate UltraDMA
Some BIOS setups do not offer a free selection of the UltraDMA mode but only an automatic
recognition or deactivation. If this is the case with your BIOS or if you have already switched to
the lowest UltraDMA mode and problems keep occurring, deactivate UltraDMA. Usually, multiword DMA is (automatically) available then, which is often faster than PIO. Only if this doesn’t
function either, you should completely switch off the DMA mode in HDShredder (5.9.3 Options for the medium). If UltraDMA is deactivated in your BIOS setup, you can activate it as a
test, of course, in order to attain a higher speed, if possible.
7.4.4.3 Deactivate IO caching
If there are problems in the PIO mode as well, you should deactivate IO caches and buffers. In
particular the setting Dataport Postwrite, if available, should be switched to Disable if there are
problems.
7.4.4.4 Set BIOS defaults
If HDShredder should not work as desired despite all the above mentioned instructions, you
can try to set standard values via the option Load BIOS/Setup Defaults. This setting tries to
avoid possible hardware conflicts.
47
7.5 SCSI
7.5
SCSI
When using SCSI devices, please make sure that they are correctly configured and connected
to the SCSI controller. In particular SCSI controllers with SCSI BIOS must show a drive during the
system start, so that HDShredder can then address this drive. Furthermore, HDShredder must
support the controller you use. You find a list of the supported SCSI controllers in chapter
3.4.2 Compatibility.
Note: Even if an SCSI controller shows the desired drives during the system start, this is no
guarantee that they are correctly configured or connected. In principle, the BIOS of the SCSI
controller works on a lower level than the SCSI drivers used by HDShredder and can thus possibly recognize drives which are not recognized by HDShredder itself.
HDShredder has been tested on a range of SCSI controllers. Sporadically encountered problems are bypassed by the software as far as possible. The following subchapters contain useful
hints on how to solve further random or sporadic problems. These hints should be applied in
the described order to minimize the effort, if possible. The following problems occurred during
the tests and could be bypassed with the hints from the following subchapters:
• HDShredder stops during device recognition (5.6 Selecting the deletion area)
• no SCSI drives are recognized
• not all SCSI drives are recognized
7.5.1 Restart
If HDShredder stops during the start procedure or does not show the desired SCSI drives, try a
restart in form of a warm boot (reset button). Only if this does not fix the problem, you should
try a cold start (switch off the PC and leave it switched off for about 30 seconds). Both forms
of the restart can counter signal and status problems of SCSI controllers.
7.5.2 Deactivate unused controllers
If a restart does not lead to the desired result, you should deactivate unused controllers, if your
system contains several SCSI controllers. This is also recommended if a controller is principally
used, but the drives connected to it are not needed for using HDShredder.
7.5.3 Deactivate unused drives
In some cases, SCSI drives, which are connected to the same controller, may interfere with
each other or even with the controller itself. Deactivate individual drives as a test or connect
them step by step one by one to find out which drive possibly causes an interference. Make
sure that the last SCSI device is always terminated, even during the tests.
7.5.4 Minimum configuration of the controller
Configuring the SCSI controller using its BIOS setup (or the BIOS setup of the PC in case of on board controllers) can also solve the problem. Set the lowest or the safest values for the SCSI
bus (e.g. transmission in the narrow mode of a wide controller).
48
7.5 SCSI
7.5.5 Minimum configuration of the systems
Try to connect the SCSI drives used in the system in a different way, especially if you use sev eral SCSI controllers. Proceed as follows, if possible: deactivate all SCSI controllers except one.
This controller should have one SCSI channel only, if possible, and should be part of the controllers listed in 3.4.3 Manufacturer information. Then connect the needed drive or drives exclusively. Apart from defective drives, this strategy mostly allowed us to find a functioning configuration during our tests to execute the planned job.
7.6
USB
Despite the vast support of USB controllers and storage devices (3.5 USB), there are some
rare cases where these controllers and devices do not function as expected. The following
subchapters provide you with hints and solution possibilities.
Note: Please check first of all in chapter 1.4 Edition overview whether your edition of HDShredder supports USB. Otherwise, you need a higher edition of HDShredder to use USB.
7.6.1 Storage device not recognized
Mostly, there are four possible reasons why a USB storage device supported by HDShredder
(3.1 Overview) is not recognized:
• The USB storage device has been connected too late or exchanged after HDShredder has
started. USB storage devices should be connected to the computer before starting HDShredder (5.1 Preliminary steps).
• The USB storage device is not directly connected to the USB controller but via a hub (e.g. at
the monitor). Always connect the USB devices, you wish to use with HDShredder, directly to
the USB controller or to the computer.
• The used device is no standard-conform USB mass storage device and does therefore not
belong to the supported devices (3.5.1 Mass-Storage-Class).
• The USB storage device is defective or works faultily. You should then test its functionality by
using it with another PC or another operating system.
Note: If no USB storage device is recognized and if the above mentioned possibilities are ex cluded, the corresponding USB controller has probably not been recognized (7.6.3 Controller not found).
7.6.2 Other device problems
Some devices, especially USB sticks, can show malfunctions in case of temperature rise or continuous operation, i.e. in case of continuous reading or writing big amounts of data. With HDShredder, these problems manifest in read or write errors on the respective USB storage
device, which do not always occur at the same location but after a certain operating time.
Sometimes these hardware problems also lead to very long breaks during the deletion process,
which can be up to several minutes. When selecting the options (5.9.2 General options), deactivate the option SharedMemory in this case. Only if the problem persists, activate addition49
7.6 USB
ally the option Cooling break (5.9.2 General options) for the concerned device. The deletion
process then takes a bit longer, but in most of the cases the data transfer functions better.
Note: The described problems are mostly due to deficient hardware and also occur under
other operating systems. We recommend you to have the concerned device replaced.
7.6.3 Controller not found
HDShredder should recognize all current USB controllers which offer one of the USB standard
interfaces (3.5.2 UHCI, OHCI and EHCI). If HDShredder recognizes USB devices on one PC
but not on another PC or on another controller, the USB controller can have one of the following problems:
• The USB controller does not comply with the UHCI, OHCI or EHCI standard. In this case, use
another, compatible (3.5.2 UHCI, OHCI and EHCI) USB controller.
• The USB controller is deactivated, e.g. in case of an onboard USB controller. Activate the USB
controller via the BIOS setup.
• The USB controller does not function correctly or is defective. Use another USB controller or
another PC for the deletion process.
7.6.4 Speed loss
USB controllers can have a negative effect on the speed of the whole system. This particularly
affects the deletion speed of all device types (also IDE and SCSI), even if no USB storage
device is connected. Remove or deactivate the corresponding USB controller if it is not
needed during the use of HDShredder. Otherwise, there are no negative effects apart from the
speed loss.
Note: In our tests, this problem showed up with only one USB controller (VIA VT6212) and
also persisted on other computers and operating systems with this controller. The measured
speed loss on the PCI bus was at about 40% (!).
7.6.5 Other controller problems
Another problem is an incompatibility with certain USB storage devices caused by the USB
controller. Especially older USB devices do not function flawlessly with such USB controllers.
Use another USB controller, if possible.
Note: In our tests, this problem showed up with only one USB controller (Acer ALi M5273)
and was also reproducible on other computers and operating systems.
50
8 Miscellaneous
8.1
Terms of license
HDShredder is designed to offer you the highest possible technical flexibility. The HDShredder
license conditions are also designed not to limit your flexibility when using HDShredder. Since
you usually don not know at the beginning on how many computers and how often you will
use the software, we offer you a very simple and cost-effective license model, which restricts
you the least possible.
8.1.1 License model
The following table shows you the minimum number of licenses necessary for the respective
area of use.
Edition
Private users
Companies/Institutions
Professionals
Free
sufficient
insufficient
insufficient
Basic
1 license
insufficient
Standard
1 license
1 license per location
insufficient
1)
insufficient
1 license per 5 PCs 2)
Professional
1 license per location 1)
1 license
1 license per dedicated PC 4)
1 license per 25 PCs 2)
Enterprise
1 license per technician 3)
1 license per location 1)
1 license
1 license per dedicated PC 4)
1 license per 100 PCs 2)
1 license per technician 3)
1)
License is taken into account for the respective other indicated criteria.
2)
Existing PC work stations, regardless of actual use of HDShredder.
3)
Technicians are all employees who use HDShredder simultaneously or for field service.
4)
PC which is exclusively used for HDShredder, e.g. as a deletion server.
In practice, the use of HDShredder can involve a different number of PCs according to the
area of use. Either the program is permanently used on one single computer, which the media
to be deleted is connected to when needed (dedicated PC). Or HDShredder is always used
directly on the respective computers, which the media to be deleted is already connected to;
mostly with only one usage per computer. To find a fair regulation for all use cases, you can
choose between a license per dedicated PC and a license for a lump number of work station
PCs where HDShredder will be used on. Furthermore, you need additional licenses if you use
HDShredder (potentially) in parallel on several PCs, e.g. if several service employees use HDShredder independently from each other. That is why you need at least one license per branch
office because this also represents a (potential) parallel use.
8.1.2 Examples
The following examples refer to frequently occurring license situations.
51
8.1 Terms of license
• A company with 50 PC work stations needs two licenses of the Professional Edition, whereof
each covers 25 PC work stations.
• A company with 100 PC work stations needs four licenses of the Professional Edition, where-
of each covers 25 PCs.
• A service provider with two PCs that serve as HDShredder deletion stations needs two li-
censes of the Professional Edition, one for each deletion station.
• A service provider with two field service employees who use HDShredder needs two li-
censes of the Professional Edition, one for each independently working technician.
8.1.3 Scope
A license is unlimited concerning the number of usages and the period of validity. It can be
used as often as desired and without a time limit. However, the license is limited with regard to
the (also potentially) parallel use on several computers and the size of the company or the institution regarding the number of existing PC work stations.
8.1.4 Consultancy
If you have questions concerning the license situation in your specific case, please contact us
at products@miray.de. Miray Software gladly consults you on multiple licenses or more complex cases and offers you attractive discounts, according to the individual case. We are
pleased to make you an individual offer.
8.2
Certificate of authenticity
The following notes exclusively refer to the boxed versions of HDShredder, that means not to
the versions available as download or via email.
8.2.1 Security hologram
For the protection against bootleg copies, our software is equipped with a security hologram,
among others. Each original HDClone medium you received bears a security hologram. Please
keep the medium with the security hologram in any case since this is your license proof.
8.2.2 Valid product license
The condition to have a valid product license is that the number printed on the security hologram corresponds to the number shown within the program. If this should not be the case for
your software package, please email us at products@miray.de. Please specify the number displayed by the program, the number on the security hologram and where you acquired the
software package. If there is no security hologram on the media or if the security hologram is
damaged, please contact us as well and specify the above mentioned details. We will try to
find a convenient solution so that you obtain a valid license.
Note: Make sure that each medium you received bears its own security hologram with its
own registration number and that this number corresponds to the number in the program
which has been started from this data carrier. That means if you start the program from a
52
8.2 Certificate of authenticity
floppy disk, the displayed number has to correspond to the number of the security hologram
on the floppy disk and not to the number of the security hologram on the CD.
8.3
Disclaimer
Although HDShredder was programmed with the largest possible caution and was tested on a
large scale of different systems, we hope you understand that we cannot assume any liability
for the proper functionality of the program and that we are not liable for damages resulting
from its usage, subject to gross negligence and intention.
8.4
Feedback
We are highly interested in your feedback. If you encounter any program errors or if you have
any improvement ideas, we will always try to fix the errors and implement or integrate your
ideas. If you only want to tell us your opinions on this software, we are looking forward to re ceiving feedback from you.
Internet
http://www.miray.de/
E-Mail
feedback@miray.de
Fax
+49 (0)89 72013-647
Postanschrift
Miray Software AG
Gaissacher Str. 18
81371 Munich
Germany
8.5
Support
If you encounter any problems with one of our products, our support team is gladly at your disposal. Please send us your inquiry at our homepage at http://www.miray.de/support/ or email
us at support@miray.de. Please note that inquiries sent directly per email and not over our
homepage take a bit longer to be answered due to the system.
53
Was this manual useful for you? yes no
Thank you for your participation!

* Your assessment is very important for improving the work of artificial intelligence, which forms the content of this project

Download PDF

advertising