Alcorn Mcbride | AM-4 | Specifications | Alcorn Mcbride AM-4 Specifications

Alcorn Mcbride AM-4 Specifications
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Every effort has been made to assure the accuracy of the information contained in this manual, and the reliability
of the Alcorn McBride Digital Audio Machine hardware and software. Errors can sometimes go undetected,
however. If you find one, please bring it to our attention so that we can correct it for others. Alcorn McBride
welcomes comments and suggestions on the content and layout of its documentation.
Applications described herein are for illustrative purposes only. Alcorn McBride Inc. assumes no responsibility
or liability for the use of these products, and makes no representation or warranty that the use of these products
for specific applications will be suitable without further testing or modification. Alcorn McBride products are
not intended for use in applications where a malfunction can reasonably be expected to result in personal injury.
Customers using or selling Alcorn McBride products for use in such applications do so at their own risk, and
agree to fully indemnify Alcorn McBride for any damages resulting from such improper use or sale.
This publication was created using Doc-To-Help 2.0 and Microsoft Word for Windows 95, Version 7.0.
Camera-ready art and illustrations were produced using Corel DRAW!, Version 6.0.
Digital Audio Machine™ is a trademark of Alcorn McBride Inc., all rights reserved.
Copyright  1997 Alcorn McBride, Inc. All rights reserved.
Hardware Design:
Jim Carstensen and Steve Alcorn
Firmware Design:
Jim Carstensen
Software Design:
Jason Crew
Mechanical Design:
Martin Chaney
Document Number 110-100358 Rev E
Alcorn McBride Inc.
3300 S. Hiawassee, Suite 105
Orlando, Florida 32835
(407) 296-5800
FAX: (407) 296-5801
Internet: http://www.alcorn.com
e-mail: support@alcorn.com
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Thanks for purchasing The Alcorn McBride Digital Audio Machine™. The Digital
Audio Machine replaces tape machines, CDs and solid state audio players in
permanent audio playback installations, providing hours of high-quality,
maintenance-free digital audio.
Any 16-bit 44.1 Khz WAV file, stereo or mono, may be played. This format is not
compatible with the MPEG Layer-2 Audio format of the Model AM-2. A shareware
utility, CoolEdit (available on our website), may be used to convert between the two
formats. The 16-bit linear PCM format provides higher quality audio playback than
the MPEG format, but consumes about ten times as much storage space per minute.
With the falling price of Flash Memory, the incentive for MPEG audio compression
has disappeared, and the Digital Audio Machine has been re-cast as a highperformance audio source with the introduction of the AM-3.
Editing your audio files is easy with the software included with your unit. Then just
copy the file to a PC-Card, plug it into the Digital Audio Machine, and you’re ready
to go. You can even transfer files from the PC-Card to the optional internal hard
drive to provide hours of playback time.
Where vibration is a
concern, Flash Cards
are the best choice.
For data storage, the unit provides a socket for installing removable PC-Card
(PCMCIA) media, either Flash Card or hard drive.
The Digital Audio Machine can be serially controlled using standard, ASCII-based
Pioneer Laser Disc protocol. Parallel control is also possible through the use of
contact-closures or voltage inputs.
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The Digital Audio Machine offers a wide range of features including:
•
Plays from PC-Card Storage or internal hard drive.
•
Uses Both Flash Cards and PC-Card (PCMCIA) Hard Drives.
•
Stores over 500 Tracks.
•
Sophisticated Play List Capabilities.
•
Serial RS-232 Control is Pioneer LDP compatible.
•
Parallel Contact Closures provide push-button control of 15 tracks.
•
Audio Editing Software Included.
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The Digital Audio Machine provides controls that can accommodate a wide variety of installations. The front
panel incorporates a test switch, status indicator, PC-Card slot and serial port. The rear panel provides the audio,
digital audio and control connectors:
P ow er
15 VD C M in
1 A M ax
-
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Test Button
The Test Button always
plays the lowest
numbered track.
A recessed push-button is located on the front of the unit. This button is used to
“test” play the unit and will play the lowest track number on the media.
LED
A dual-color LED located on the front of the unit indicates status.
LED
Behavior
LED Meaning
Steady green
Drive access or serial communication activity.
Steady orange
Paused or Waiting.
Flashing red
Fault.
Flashing green
Copying or power-on self test.
Off
Idle.
The LED flashes green during power-up initialization, then glows steadily while
initializing the media. Do not attempt to communicate with the unit until the LED
goes out.
Ground Lift
Be sure to configure the
Digital Audio
Machine’s switches
before rack mounting
the units, or the
switches may be
inaccessible.
In the event of AC hum or noise, this switch, located at the rear of the left side of the Digital
Audio Machine, may be opened to isolate the Digital Audio Machine’s ground from its
chassis.
Voltage / Contact Closure Select Switch
This switch, located on the side of the unit next to the DB-37 Control Connector
selects between voltage inputs or contact closures for the discrete controls. More
information on these inputs may be found in the section entitled Rear Panel
Connectors.
Power
The power input is a 2.5x5.5x10mm barrel connector with center pin (+) and the
outer rim (-). The Digital Audio Machine requires 15.0 VDC to 27.0 VDC at 1 Amp.
DO NOT EXCEED THE SPECIFIED INPUT VOLTAGE RANGE. An external 115
or 230 VAC power supply is provided with the unit.
If the optional internal IDE drive is not installed, the Digital Audio Machine can be
powered from as little as 8 VDC. This is useful for mobile applications where an
automotive battery is used to power a Flash Card or PC-Card hard drive.
RS-232C Programming Connector
A serial cable is
provided with each
Digital Audio Machine.
This input is a standard DB-9 male RS-232C connector, intended to be connected to
a PC using a straight-through (not null-modem) 9-pin cable. Usually this connector is
used only during programming, and not once the unit is permanently installed. The
pinout appears below.
Pin Function
2
TXD (data from Digital
Audio Machine)
3
RXD (data to Digital Audio
Machine)
5
GND
For convenience of rack wiring, these signals are duplicated on the rear DB-37
connector. This eliminates the need for front panel cabling in rack mount
installations.
Only one serial connection should be attached at a time.
Control Connector
Be sure to configure the
Digital Audio Machine
for contact closures or
voltage inputs before
connecting any wires.
This connector provides all of the signals needed to interface to the Digital Audio
Machine. In addition to serial control, the first fifteen files of the Digital Audio
Machine may be played, paused or stopped using eight parallel inputs located on the
rear connector. These inputs may be either contact closures such as momentary
buttons, or voltage inputs from a controller such as a PLC. A switch located on the
side of the unit next to the connector selects between the two input types. More
information on these inputs may be found in the section entitled Parallel Control.
The pinout of the Control Connector is shown below:
Pin
Function
Pin
Function
1
Mute
20
Ground
2
Pause
21
Ground
3
Stop
22
Ground
4
Loop
23
Ground
5
File Select 1
24
Ground
6
File Select 2
25
Ground
7
File Select 4
26
Ground
8
File Select 8
27
Ground
9
Playing Output (contact 1)
28
Playing Output (contact 2)
10
Fault Output (contact 1)
29
Fault Output (contact 2)
11
Mute (voltage input)
30
5 VDC output, 100 ma max.
12
Pause (voltage input)
31
Ground
13
Stop (voltage input)
32
n. c.
14
Loop (voltage input)
33
Ground
15
File Select 1 (voltage input)
34
Input power feedthrough,
100 ma max.
16
File Select 2 (voltage input)
35
Ground
17
File Select 4 (voltage input)
36
RS-232 TXD (from Digital
Audio Machine)
18
File Select 8 (voltage input)
37
RS-232 RXD (to Digital
Audio Machine)
19
Ground
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Parallel Inputs
Be sure to configure
the slide switch before
connecting any wires.
The Digital Audio Machine can be controlled using either contact closures or voltage
inputs on the female DB-37 Control Connector. A switch located on the side of the
unit next to the connector selects between the two input types. Voltage inputs are rated
for 24 VDC. Consult factory for other voltage options. The table below describes the
function of each input.
Function
Voltage
Input
Pins
Contact
Closure
Pins
Description
Mute
11(+),1(-)
1,20
Ramps the audio to zero volume and
maintains it there as long as Mute is asserted.
When Mute is released, audio returns to full
volume.
Pause
12(+),2(-)
2,21
Pauses the file currently playing. Pause is
maintained as long as it is asserted. Play will
resume once it is released.
Stop
13(+),3(-)
3,22
Stops the file currently playing. If the file is a
Play List, it is aborted.
Loop
14(+),4(-)
4,23
Causes the selected file to loop indefinitely
from beginning to end. If the file is a Play
List, all tracks will be played and then the file
will loop. The state of this input is examined
at the end of each file.
File Select 1
15(+),5(-)
5,24
Binary-encoded input plays files 1-15.
File Select 2
16(+),6(-)
6,25
Binary-encoded input plays files 1-15.
File Select 4
17(+),7(-)
7,26
Binary-encoded input plays files 1-15.
File Select 8
18(+),8(-)
8,27
Binary-encoded input plays files 1-15.
The binary file select inputs are used to play the first 15 files. These inputs may be
contact closures or voltages, depending upon the input select slide switch described
in the previous section. The inputs are change sensitive; that is, when a change is
detected, the new file will be played. It is therefore important that the four bits
change at about the same time.
If the same file number is selected repeatedly it will normally interrupt itself and
begin again. When processing a play list, if the Play List is selected repeatedly it
advances from entry to entry within the list – unless the “Uninterruptible” flag has
been set (see the Play List section for more information).
The table below shows the binary combinations possible, and what file they select:
8
4
2
1
File
Off
Off
Off
Off
None
Off
Off
Off
On
1
Off
Off
On
Off
2
Off
Off
On
On
3
Off
On
Off
Off
4
Off
On
Off
On
5
Off
On
On
Off
6
Off
On
On
On
7
On
Off
Off
Off
8
On
Off
Off
On
9
On
Off
On
Off
10
On
Off
On
On
11
On
On
Off
Off
12
On
On
Off
On
13
On
On
On
Off
14
On
On
On
On
15
For example, connecting pins 8 and 27 together with the slide switch set in the
contact closure position will cause file 8 to run.
The loop input is read
at the end of the file.
The file will be looped if the loop command is asserted when the file ends. If the file
is a Play List, all tracks will be played and then the file will loop.
The file select inputs may also be strapped to automatically play a file on powerup.
That file number takes precedence over any autoexec files that may be on the internal
or removable drives (see power up operation). If an autoexec file exists and the loop
input is strapped, it will play indefinitely.
A file on the removable
media always takes
precedence over the
optional internal drive.
When using the file select inputs, files on the removable media take precedence over
those on the optional internal drive. In other words, the Digital Audio Machine looks
first at the PC-Card slot to see if it is installed. If it is, it looks for the file there. If the
PC-Card is not installed or the file doesn’t exist on it, then the Digital Audio
Machine looks for it on the internal drive. This allows files on the internal drive to be
temporarily replaced by simply plugging in a removable drive, a useful feature for
advertising insertion or special events.
The simplest possible configuration is therefore to connect four switches to the unit’s
four file select lines. These switches will play files 1, 2, 4 and 8. (The missing file
numbers need not exist.) Sixteen switches may be connected without an external
controller, by using a diode matrix. One side of each switch is connected to a wire
that goes to signal ground. The other sides of the switches are connected through
signal diodes, such as a 1N914 or 1N4148, to the file select inputs.
Using a terminal block
to hold the diodes
makes the wiring neater.
For example, the following circuit allows switches to select files 3 and 5:
2
1
1
20
2
21
3
22
4
23
5
24
6
25
7
26
8
27
9
28
10
29
11
30
12
31
13
32
14
33
15
34
16
35
17
36
18
37
19
1
2
SWITCH
I/O CONNECTOR
1N4148
2
1
File 3
1
1
1N4148
2
2
SWITCH
1N4148
2
1
File 5
1N4148
Ground
Contacts Voltage
CONNECTOR DB37
Voltage inputs, such as from a PLC, could be wired this way:
I/O CONNECTOR
1
20
2
21
3
22
4
23
5
24
6
25
7
26
8
27
9
28
10
29
11
30
12
31
13
32
14
33
15
34
16
35
17
36
18
37
19
Contacts Voltage
PLC
24 Volt Output 1
24 Volt Output 2
24 Volt Output 4
24 Volt Output 8
Ground Reference
CONNECTOR DB37
Diodes are not needed, since the PLC can actuate any combination of lines desired.
Parallel Outputs
Two status outputs are provided. They are dry contact closures rated at 24 VDC and
0.9 amp max. Their function is described below.
Function
Pins
Description
Playing
9,28
Closed when the unit is playing.
Fault
10,29
Closed when the unit detects a fault
condition.
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The Digital Audio Machine may be controlled using serial RS-232 messages via
either the front DB-9 Programming Connector or the rear DB-37 Control Connector.
The programming connector is usually used during one-time setup from a PC, or in a
kiosk or other surface mount installation. The DB-37 connector is used in rack mount
installations to eliminate wiring to the front panel. The data format is 9600,N,8,1:
9600 baud, 8 bits/byte, no parity, with one stop bit. The protocol is ASCII-based, and
many commands are identical to Pioneer Disc protocol. Upper or lower case
characters can be used interchangeably.
The most commonly used serial commands are:
Command
Serial commands are
“drive specific”. The
removable media does
not take precedence
over the internal drive.
Function
Select File
Select a file
Play
Play the selected file
Loop Play
Play the selected file over and over
Pause
Pause at current location. The Play
Command resumes playback.
Unlike the parallel file select inputs, serial commands refer to the currently selected
media. On power up the Digital Audio Machine defaults to select the internal drive
(if installed). In this configuration, refer to the section titled “Advanced Serial
Protocol”.
The details of these commands are listed below. Many other commands are also
possible, and are summarized in the section entitled Advanced Serial Protocol.
Unless otherwise noted, all of these commands operate on any type of file, whether
audio track or Play List. Throughout the table <CR> means carriage return, a byte
with the hexadecimal value 0D.
Select File
Description:
This command causes the Digital Audio Machine to select the specified audio track
or Play List on the currently selected media. Once this command is sent, the next
Command Bytes:
Message Response:
Comments:
Examples:
Play command causes the specified file to play from the beginning. The unit defaults
to file #1 at power-up, unless an autoexec file exists. When receiving this command,
the Digital Audio Machine always looks for the file on the currently selected drive.
nSE<CR> or nnSE<CR> or nnnSE<CR>
where n, nn, or nnn is the file number in ASCII.
R<CR>
This is similar to the “Search to Address” command in chapter addressing mode used
in Pioneer Laser Disc protocol. The maximum file number is 511.
Select file 215.
215SE<CR>
Select file 4.
4SE<CR>
Play
Description:
Command bytes:
Message Response:
Completion Response:
This command causes the Digital Audio Machine to play the file which was specified
with the “Select File” command. If a track is paused, this command resumes play. If
this command is issued while a Play List is being played, the Digital Audio Machine
will skip to the next track in the Play List and play it. This command sends a response
when it is executed, and another when the playback is complete.
PL<CR>
R<CR>
<CR>
Loop Play
Description:
Command bytes:
Message Response:
This command causes the Digital Audio Machine to play the file specified by the
Select File command and loop back to the beginning. If the file is a Play List, all of
the tracks in the Play List will be played and then the entire Play List will be
restarted.
LP<CR>
R<CR>
Pause
Description:
Command bytes:
Message Response:
Comments:
This command causes the Digital Audio Machine to pause. Play will resume from
where it left off whenever another Play command is issued unless a Select File
command is issued, in which case the new file will play from the beginning.
PA<CR>
R<CR>
If a Select File command is issued while in Pause mode, playback will start from the
beginning of the selected file whenever another Play command is issued.
Reset
Description:
Command bytes:
Message Response:
This command causes the Digital Audio Machine to stop, just as if the parallel Stop
input had been activated.
RJ<CR>
R<CR>
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File names are represented in simple DOS 8.3 format – in other words, an eight
character name, a period, and then a three character extension. The name is made up
of eight characters specifying the type (SND for sound file, PLY for Play List, CMD
for command), and the number of the file (5 digits from 00000 to 00511). The three
character extension is used to tell the Digital Audio Machine the data format of the
file.
The Digital Audio Machine AM-3 supports WAV files which contain 16-bit
mono or stereo linear PCM data sampled at 44.1 KHz. This format is not
compatible with the MPEG Layer-2 Audio format of the Model AM-2. A
shareware utility, CoolEdit (available on our website), may be used to convert
between the two formats. The 16-bit linear PCM format provides higher quality audio
playback than the MPEG format, but consumes about ten times as much storage
space per minute. With the falling price of Flash Memory, the incentive for MPEG
audio compression has disappeared, and the Digital Audio Machine has been re-cast
as a high-performance audio source with the introduction of the AM-3.
Any type of file may be
stored in the Digital
Audio Machine, but
only those listed in the
table may be played.
Although any file name may be copied to the Digital Audio Machine’s media,
only .WAV file formats may be played back. This allows archiving of ANY
information on the drive: CAD drawings, spreadsheets, documentation, etc. Some
example file names:
File Name
Description
SND00020.WAV
Track number 20 Audio file
PLY00002.LST
Play List Number 2
To avoid confusion,
don’t duplicate file
numbers.
File numbers are used to identify which file is to be played in response to Select File
serial commands or rear panel file selection parallel inputs. File numbers contained
on a drive should be unique, regardless of the file type. In other words, you
shouldn’t have PLY00002.LST and SND00002.WAV on the same drive. The two
files should have different numbers. If more than one file has the same number, the
first file found in the directory will be used.
Autoexec files are
invaluable in standalone applications.
File 00000 is an autoexec file. A file numbered 00000 is automatically executed on
power up. For example, Play List PLY00000.LST will start as soon as the Digital
Audio Machine is turned on. If the loop input is strapped on, or if the Play List is
designed to repeat, playback will continue indefinitely.
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Play Lists provide a mechanism for the Digital Audio Machine to automatically play
a collection of tracks in a predefined sequence. Play Lists often allow the Digital
Audio Machine to be used to perform complex functions that would normally require
an external controller. Play Lists can perform functions as simple as looping a single
track, or as complex as user prompted pacing of the playback.
Overview
Play Lists hold the key
to the power of the
Digital Audio Machine.
A Play List file contains a list of numbers which refer to audio tracks (or other Play
Lists) on the media in the Digital Audio Machine. When a Play List is being used,
the tracks are played back in the order in which they appear in the list. The Play List
is an ASCII text file and can be made using any ASCII editor. (In the future, Play
Lists will be constructed by selecting files from the Digital Audio Machine
program’s file list). The maximum Play List file size is 64 KBytes (or about 16,000
tracks, if no comments are used).
A Play List can be started by serial or parallel commands, in exactly the same way as
an audio track. For example, the serial message
2SE<CR>PL<CR>
causes Play List PLY00002.LST on the currently selected drive to start. Discrete File
Select Input 2 will also start PLY00002.LST , looking first on the removable media,
then the internal drive.
If Play List 0 (PLY00000.LST ) exists, it will be automatically executed on power
up.
If a Play List contains the number of another Play List, execution of the first Play List
will be terminated at that point, and the new Play List will begin.
A Play List with a .RND extension will cause the Audio Machine to randomly select
clips from the list for play.
Play List Command Summary
The Play List is mainly a list of the track numbers that are to be played. If the same
file number exists on both the internal and removable media, the removable media
takes precedence. Track numbers are entered as one to three ASCII digits, and are
separated by any “white space” characters or punctuation (other than the command
characters listed below).
Special command characters further modify the behavior of the Digital Audio
Machine. These characters are:
Char
Meaning
L
Loop next track. The track loops until the Resume input is activated or a serial
play command is received, whereupon the next entry in the Play List is played.
W
Wait. Play stops at the end of current track until the Resume input is activated
or a serial play command is received, whereupon the next entry in the Play List
is played.
U
Uninterruptible. Causes the Digital Audio Machine to ignore the Resume input
and serial Play command while playing. It still processes them when waiting,
paused or stilled.
I
Interruptible. Allows the Resume input or serial Play command to skip to the
next track. This is the power-up default.
<
Repeat entire Play List. The only way to stop the Play List from looping is to
use the Stop input or serial command, or to start another file. Anything in the
Play List after the ‘<’ character is ignored.
;
Comment. Ignore all characters until the next carriage return.
Commands may be entered into the Play List in either upper or lower case. All text
following a semicolon (;) is interpreted as comments, until the next carriage return.
You may put anything you want in comments, including the special command
characters normally used in the Play List.
File Select inputs and
serial Play command
change functions when
using a Play List.
When the Digital Audio Machine is processing a Play List, reactivating the same File Select
inputs or sending the serial play command take on different meanings, depending upon
whether the unit is playing, paused, or waiting. Here is how they behave:
Mode
Interruptible
Uninterruptible
Playing
Immediately play next file
Ignored
Paused
Resume play
Resume play
Waiting
Play next file
Play next file
Asserting and releasing the Pause input while the unit is in the Waiting state of a
Play List will also resume play.
One thing to be cautious of is the unintended endless loop. For example, if a Play List
contains a U followed by an L command, it doesn’t matter how many more tracks
may occur in it, there is no way to get to them! When using the U command, always
include an I command before the next L, unless this is the desired behavior. Of
course, you can always terminate the loop with a stop command, or by selecting a
different file.
Play Lists may contain references to other Play Lists, but as soon as such a reference
is encountered the new Play List begins execution, and the old one is abandoned.
Example Play List
i,1,L6,37,w,415,5,60 <
The Play List is a list of numbers representing the file numbers of audio tracks. The
list can also contain special control codes or symbols to govern playback. The list can
be arranged all on the same line, as shown above, or vertically as shown below.
i
1
L6
37
w
5
60
<
;You can comment your Play List file by using
;semicolons. All text after a semicolon is
;ignored until the end of the line where a
;carriage return is encountered.
The “i” character places the Digital Audio Machine into “interruptible” mode, which
means that the unit will respond to discrete Select inputs and serial play commands
by jumping immediately to the next entry in the list. The unit remains in interruptible
mode until a “u” character is encountered, which in this example is never - the entire
list is interruptible.
Track numbers may be
1, 2 or 3 digits long.
Leading zeroes are
ignored.
Next, the unit plays track #1 on the removable media, unless it cannot find a track #1 there, in
which case it plays track #1 on the internal hard drive (when installed). This track will be
interrupted by track #6 if the user issues a new Play command.
When track #1 is done, the unit loops track #6 continuously until the user issues a
Play command.
Then, track #37 plays. When the track is complete, the “w” causes the Digital Audio
Machine to wait for another Resume input or Play command.
The unit continues straight into track #5 followed by track #60, at which point the list
loops back to the beginning, continuing straight into track #1.
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The order of power up
execution allows the
Digital Audio Machine
to use the removable
drive to update itself,
either temporarily or
permanently.
When power is first applied to the Digital Audio Machine, it flashes the front panel
LED green while performing a self test. It then checks to see if a track or Play List
should be played, according to the following priority:
•
If the test button is depressed, process command file COMMAND0.BAT on the
removable media.
•
Play any track or Play List that is hardwired at the Control Connector.
•
Play track or Play List number 0 from the removable drive.
•
Play track or Play List 0 from the internal drive.
The first condition detected will be processed. Successive conditions are ignored. If
more than one file has the same number, the first file found will be used.
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Command files are used only in units equipped with the optional internal drive.
To permanently update
the contents of the
internal drive from the
PC-Card slot, use a
Command File.
Command Files are a simple yet powerful way to automatically update the contents
of one or many Digital Audio Machines in the field, without using a laptop or other
external device. Just insert an appropriately prepared PC-Card and the Digital Audio
Machine updates itself. Here’s how it works:
Command files are only
processed if the test
button is depressed on
power up or when the
removable media is
changed.
If the test button is depressed when power is first applied to the Digital Audio
Machine or when the removable media is changed, the Digital Audio Machine
checks for the presence of a command file named COMMAND0.BAT on the
removable media. If found, this file will be processed. Currently the command file
supports only the inclusion of an update all command, of the form:
*U
If these characters appear at the beginning of the file, the Digital Audio Machine will
automatically search for and delete any file numbers on the internal drive that match
those on the external drive. It then compacts the internal drive, and copies all files
(except COMMAND0.BAT) from the removable drive to the internal drive.
The LED blinks during the entire update process. Once the LED is extinguished it is
safe to remove the PC-Card.
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The table below shows the complete Digital Audio Machine serial protocol,
including the Pioneer LDP compatible commands and our extensions. Using these
commands, an external controller or PC can accomplish extremely complex tasks.
Throughout the following table <CR> means carriage return, a byte with the
hexadecimal value of 0D.
Description
Play
Command Bytes
PL<CR>
Pause
Select File
Audio Control
PA<CR>
nSE<CR>
nnSE<CR>
nnnSE<CR>
nAD<CR>
Play and loop at end of file
Select Drive
Drive Directory Request
LP<CR>
nSL<CR>
?D<CR>
Response
R<CR> upon receipt
<CR> upon completion
R<CR>
R<CR>
R<CR>
R<CR>
R<CR>
ASCII dump
Comments
Automatically stops
at end of track
Only file number
addressing is supported
(not frames or time)
0=Mute
1=Unmute
0=internal, 1=Removable
Delete File
"xxxxxxxx.xxx"DL<CR>
Rename File
"xxxxxxxx.xxx"
"yyyyyyyy.yyy"RN<CR>
Copy File, Removable to Internal
"xxxxxxxx.xxx"CI<CR>
Copy File, Internal to Removable
"xxxxxxxx.xxx"CR<CR>
Format Drive
FO<CR>
Total Storage Request
Firmware Version Request
?TS<CR>
?V<CR>
R<CR> upon receipt
R<CR> upon completion
R<CR> upon receipt
R<CR> upon completion
R<CR> upon receipt
R<CR> upon completion
R<CR> upon receipt
R<CR> upon completion
R<CR> upon receipt
R<CR> upon completion
nnnnnnn<CR>
ASCII dump
number of bytes (hex)
Notes:
In the commands above, xxxxxxxx.xxx and yyyyyyyy.yyy are file names.
All R<CR> responses can be replaced by Enn<CR> if an error occurs (see below).
The Digital Audio Machine responds to the Play command with R<CR> when received, and an additional <CR>
when the track ends. This maintains Pioneer command compatibility while providing completion information.
The Digital Audio Machine returns the following error codes:
Error Code
E00
E04
E11
E12
E20
Description
Communication Error
Feature Not Available Yet
Media Not Present
Search Error
Drive Not Formatted
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Q: I’ve copied several files from my PC onto a PCMCIA drive, but they do not
appear in DVM Explorer.
A: The PCMCIA drive may have been pre-formatted in a way which is incompatible
with the AM-3 operating system. Use DVM Explorer to format the media, and then
re-copy the files.
Q: DVM Explorer shows a red circle in front of the file name. What does this mean?
A: The file name does not follow the naming conventions outlined in this manual for
video files. It may not be a valid video file.
Q: I have several files on my AM-3. When I try to play one of them using DVM
Explorer, a different file plays.
A: All file names and numbers must be unique. You cannot have, for instance, two
files named SND00005.WAV, or have a file named SND00003.WAV along with a
PLY00003.LST.
Q: I have created a playlist using Windows 95, but it doesn’t work on the AM-3.
A: Windows 95 sometimes uses its own extensions, or adds extensions that are
hidden when viewed in Windows Explorer. Try using a DOS shell, and renaming the
file, or use a DOS editor.
Q: When using DVM Explorer on a Windows NT machine, communication with the
AM-3 is intermittent, or the program crashes.
A: DVM Explorer is designed to operate with Windows 95 only. It has not been
certified for use on NT machines.
Q: When playing back files, the audio seems to jump from one file to the next,
interrupting the currently playing file in the middle.
A: The media has become fragmented. Format the media in the AM-3 and them recopy all the files to it.
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Strain Relief
The rear panel of the Digital Audio Machine incorporates four threaded PEM nuts,
which can be used to secure strain reliefs to prevent cables from being dislodged
from their connectors. The PEM nuts accept 4-40 screws, with a length not to exceed
3/8 inches.
Surface Mounting
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Qty
2
6
Part Number
306-100079
500-000566
Description
Mounting Flange
Screw, 6-32 x 3/8, Pan Head, Black Ox, CRES
Rack Mounting
Rack mounting the Digital Audio Machine is as simple as attaching top and bottom
connecting plates to the sides (if more than one unit is to be connected together) and
then adding the appropriate length rack mount ears, as shown in the drawings that
follow.
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1
1
8
Part Number
306-100007
306-100083
500-000540
Description
Mounting Ear, Short
Mounting Ear, Long
Screw, 10-32 x ¼, Pan Head, Black Ox, CRES
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Qty
1
1
1
1
2
6
8
Part Number
306-100007
306-100082
306-100080
306-100081
500-000565
500-000564
500-000540
Description
Mounting Ear, Short
Mounting Ear, Medium
Connecting Plate, Top
Connecting Plate, Bottom
Screw, 4-40 x 1, Pan Head, Black Ox, CRES
Screw, 6-32 x 3/8, Flat Head, Black Ox, CRES
Screw, 10-32 x ¼, Pan Head, Black Ox, CRES
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Qty
2
2
2
4
12
8
Part Number
306-100007
306-100080
306-100081
500-000565
500-000564
500-000540
Description
Mounting Ear, Short
Connecting Plate, Top
Connecting Plate, Bottom
Screw, 4-40 x 1, Pan Head, Black Ox, CRES
Screw, 6-32 x 3/8, Flat Head, Black Ox, CRES
Screw, 10-32 x ¼, Pan Head, Black Ox, CRES
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Audio
DAC Resolution:
Deviation from Linear phase:
Total Harmonic Distortion:
Dynamic Range (A-weighted):
Inter-channel Isolation:
Interchannel Gain Mismatch:
Frequency Response:
Maximum Phase Non-Linearity:
Output Level:
Analog Output Load:
16 bits
+/-0.5dB
0.003%
94dB
90dB
0.1dB
10 to 20 Khz +/- 0.1 dB
5 degrees
Unbalanced, 4.07V P-P max (3.70 typical) into 20K
10K Ohm Minimum, 100pF Maximum
Playback Time
Approximately 3 hours stereo from an optional internal 2GB drive.
Approximately 6 hours mono from an optional internal 2GB drive.
PC-Card Playback Times: Stereo WAV files require 10Mbytes/minute, mono require 5 Mbytes/minute.
Trigger Response Time
Less than 33 msec.
Power
15.0 VDC to 27.0 VDC at 1 Amp max using internal IDE hard drive.
8 VDC to 27.0 VDC at 1 Amp max using removable PC-Card.
Connector: 2.5 mm I. D., 5.5 mm O. D., 10 mm shaft length.
Adapter for 115 or 230 volts provided.
115/230 volts, 50/60 Hz, 30 W max.
Physical
5.5” x 1.75” x 11”
4 lbs
0oC (32oF) to 38oC (100oF), free air circulation.
PC-Card hard discs used above 27 oC (80oF) require an external fan.
0-90% relative humidity, non-condensing
1g max Vibration (with internal IDE drive)
10 g max Vibration (with removable PC-Card Hard Disc)
20 g max Vibration (with removable Flash Card)
Switches and Indicators
Front panel test button.
Front panel bi-color LED.
Side mounted slide switch for ground lift.
Side mounted slide switch for input type: contact/voltage.
Connectors
Front Panel DB-9M serial I/O connector.
Rear Panel DB-37F parallel and serial I/O connector.
Rear Panel RCA type Phono connectors for S/PDIF output, left and right audio.
Rear Panel Barrel connector (2.5 mm x 5.5 mm x 10 mm) for power.
Part Numbers
Digital Audio Machine, 115 VAC, Part Number 320-100116
Digital Audio Machine, 230 VAC, Part Number 320-100421
Flush Mounting Bracket Kit, Part Number 320-100375
Rack Mounting Bracket Kit, 1 Unit, Part Number 320-100372
Rack Mounting Bracket Kit, 2 Unit, Part Number 320-100373
Rack Mounting Bracket Kit, 3 Unit, Part Number 320-100374
Mating Connector and Housing for DB-37F, Solder Cup, Part Number 320-100376
PC-Card Media – contact factory
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Advertising, 9
autoexec, 9, 12, 13
baud, 11
Command Bytes, 12, 18
Command File, 17
comments, 12, 18
Connectors, 6, 22
contact closures, 10, 11
Contact Closures, 7–8
copy, 18
DAC, 22
DB-37, 8, 11
DB-9, 6, 11
Delete, 18
Directory, 18
Distortion, 22
DOS, 13
Dynamic Range, 22
error codes, 18
Fault, 5, 7, 11
file extension, 13
File names, 13
File Select, 7
Firmware Version, 18
Format, 18
Frequency Response, 22
Gain, 22
hum, 6
internal, 6, 9
Interruptible, 15
laser disc, 12
LED, 5
LED Meaning, 5
Loop, 7–9, 11–12, 15–16, 18
noise, 6
Non-Linearity, 22
Parallel Control, 7
Parallel Outputs, 11
parity, 11
Pause, 11–12, 18
PC-Card, 4–5, 9, 17
Phase Non-Linearity, 22
Pioneer, 11–12, 18
Play, 11–18
Play List, 14, 16
Playing, 7–8, 11
PLC, 7, 10
Power, 22
Power Up, 9, 17
power-up, 5, 12
protocol, 11–12
Rack Mounting, 6, 20, 22
RCA, 22
removable, 9, 11–13, 17, 18
removable drive, 17
Rename, 18
Repeat, 15–16
Response Time, 22
Resume, 12, 15–16
RS-232, 7, 11
RXD, 6–7
sample rate, 22
Search, 12
Select Drive, 18
Serial Control, 7, 11
Serial Protocol, 18
SND, 13
Specifications, 22
Still, 7
Storage, 18
strain relief, 19
Surface Mount, 19
TXD, 6–7
Uninterruptible, 15
Vibration, 4, 22
Video Control, 18
voltage inputs, 7–8, 10
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