Open Grad601 Product Brochure
Magnetic Gradiometer System
Innovation in Magnetic Field Measuring Instruments
Grad601 Magnetic Gradiometer System
Grad601 Magnetic Gradiometer System
The Grad601 is a fluxgate gradiometer, used for measuring minute variations in
the magnetic field that are caused by hidden anomalies in the ground such as
archaeological disturbances, geophysical features, pipes, cables, waste drums,
unexploded ordnance, and other signs of human activity.
The full system comprises a Data Logger, a battery cassette, and either one or two
Grad-01-1000L cylindrical sensors mounted on a rigid carrying bar. Calibration is made
easy via simple push-button control.
The Data Logger’s non-volatile 256kB flash memory will hold over 30 survey grids of 30x30m
with a 1m line separation and a resolution of 4 readings per metre. Grids can be downloaded
as individual files, so different size grids may be recorded during a survey.
• Electronic adjustment
• Push button operation
• Available modes: Grid (Scan or Survey) and NMEA (Run)
• Selectable resolution 0.01nT or 0.1nT (Grid mode); 0.1nT (NMEA mode)
• Survey mode:
• 1 to 4 lines/m
• 1 to 8 readings/m along each line (4 max on 40m grids)
• Capacity to store 125k readings
• Exceptional temperature stability ensures minimal drift and reduces need for
• One metre baseline provides ideal depth response for distinguishing important subsurface features
• 50Hz or 60Hz electricity power line rejection
• Low power consumption allows 24 hour operation with two sensors
Typical Applications
• Geophysical surveying
• Archaeological prospecting
• Pipe, cable and drum location
• Unexploded ordnance (UXO) detection
The Grad601 system includes the following components:
• Grad-01-1000 sensor(s)
• DL601 Data Logger
• BC601 Battery Cassette and charger
• Single or dual-sensor carrying bar and associated cables
• Carrying harness (Grad601-2 only)
• Grad-601 DATALOG downloading software and USB to RS232 converter
• Carrying case.
Alternative Configurations
The Grad601 can be used as either a dual sensor system (for best survey speed) or single sensor system (for confined spaces)
Additional parts required:
Grad601-2 dual to Grad601-1 single system
Single sensor carrying bar + BC601 battery cassette extension
Grad601-1 single to Grad601-2 dual system
Dual-sensor carrying bar + Grad-01-1000L Sensor
Operating temperature
-20°C to +70°C
Grad601-1 Single Sensor
Grad601-2 Dual Sensor
Harness with abdominal spacer and
balance weight
Carrying case for either system
(dimensions 1250 x 280 x 260mm)
9.85kg (empty) 15.75kg (full)
Grad601 Magnetic Gradiometer System
Grad-01-1000L Sensor
The Grad-01-1000L is a high stability fluxgate gradient sensor, with a 1m separation
between the sensing elements and an effective sensitivity of 0.03nT/m. The exceptional
temperature stability of this sensor ensures minimal drift during surveys and reduces
the need for adjustment to a minimum. Each sensor contains electronics and nonvolatile memory for calibration data storage, and can be operated independently, over
long cables, if required.
The sensors may also be fitted to the Non-Magnetic Cart, also available from Bartington
Instruments, for surveys over wider areas.
Number of axes
One (vertical)
Sensor element spacing
Gradient range
±100nT/m or ± 1000nT/m full-scale
DC to 14Hz with -40dB 50Hz/60Hz rejection
0.03nT/m (max effective)
Calibration error
Maximum ambient field
<1nT in 24 hours
38mm diameter x 1050mm in length
12-way Tajimi R04-R12M
Power supply current
Minimum sensor spacing in multi-sensor array
250mm between sensors
DL601 Data Logger
The Data Logger stores readings and downloads data using either a serial RS232 cable
connected directly to an RS232 port on the PC, or a USB to RS232 converter cable
connected to the USB port of the PC. Data is made available in any of three formats for
subsequent data processing.
All functions are selected via a simple six-key control panel and LCD display. The Data
Logger can be set to either Grid or NMEA survey mode by the operator. Grid mode saves
survey data in predefined grids that must be downloaded at the end of the survey; NMEA
mode sends data through to a PC in real time using NMEA format. It is then associated
with location information to produce a reliable map of the survey site regardless of the
surveyor’s course.
The Data Logger measures the magnetic gradient during surveys using a high sampling
rate, with automatic averaging for each reading. Sampling rate can be adjusted to suit
the operator’s pace.
1 or 2 Grad-01-1000L Sensors
Gradient ranges
±100nT and ±1000nT
0.01nT on ±100nT range (Grid mode)*
0.1nT on ±1000nT range (Grid mode) and on all ranges in NMEA
-20dB 50Hz/60Hz rejection
Control delay
ON/OFF switch, keypad and external switch
2 rows x 20 characters LCD
Display update rate
Operation dependent
Gradiometer adjustment
Automatic via keypad
Data logging memory
125k data points non-volatile
Data output
RS232 interface
USB converter supplied
NMEA output available
Audio output
Variable rate bleeper
Dimensions (H x W x D)
160 x 80 x 60mm
RS232 output
External switch
Two 12-way Tajimi R04-R12F
9-way D type
1-way 62GB type
3-way series 712 subminiature
Power supply requirements
9V-18V DC, 45mA (max)
* Effective resolution with Grad-01-1000L Sensor is 0.03nT/m.
Grad601 Magnetic Gradiometer System
BC601 Battery Cassette
The Lithium Ion battery is housed in a sealed cassette, which also contains the charging
circuitry. The battery is charged by the mains adaptor supplied, or any isolated 9-18V
DC supply (at 1.2A minimum) in 6 to 8 hours. One charge will operate the system for up
to 24 hours with two sensors, or 36 hours with one. A push-button charge indicator is
Specification - BC601 Battery Cassette
10.8V 72Wh UN approved Lithium ion battery
Battery charging
6 to 8 hours with mains adaptor supplied (automatic
Red LED lit when charging, off when complete
2A 20mm anti-surge internal
Dimensions (H x W x D)
120 x 210 x 25mm
0.91kg including battery
charger input
2.1mm socket
2-way 62GB type on 250mm cable
Grad601 Carrying Bar
An appropriate carrying bar is supplied for each configuration, Grad601-1 or Grad601-2.
The sensors are attached at the ends of the carrying bar by quick release clamps.
The data logger and battery cassette are normally left attached to the carrying bar. All
cables are routed through the carrying bar.
To reduce excessive wear of the most frequently used keys on the data logger, green
and red push-buttons are provided on the carrying bar, near the operator’s hand, as
alternatives to the keypad ENTER and ESC keys.
The dual-sensor carrying bar is attached by swivel mounts to an abdominal spacer bar
to assist in keeping the sensor vertical. The spacer bar is attached to the harness by
shock absorbing rubber rings.
Each gradiometer system is supplied in a universal rugged carrying case with cut-outs
for either a single or dual system, together with:
• Carrying harness with spare rings (Grad601-2 only). The harness can be adjusted
to fit the operator and enables the gradiometer to be positioned at the required
carrying height. A water-filled bag in the back of the harness counter balances the
• Mains adaptor: 110V-240V/47-63Hz, charging current 1.25A maximum
• In-car charger: regulated 12V-24V DC-DC, 2A current rating, short circuit protected,
automatic thermal and overload cut-off
• 9-pin serial cable and USB adaptor
• Downloading software on CD
• Grad601 Operation Manual on CD
Most users will find that processing and interpretation of survey results is greatly simplified if
graphical mapping software is used. The typical graphical image plots shown here indicate how
detected features can be clearly identified.
Grad601 (1m vertical
sensor spacing)
Grad601 Download Software
This utility is supplied free of charge and allows survey data to be downloaded to a Windows®
PC. Several file formats (including ‘xyz’, ‘z data’ and ‘spreadsheet mode’) are available, and are
compatible with most common mapping software packages (e.g. Surfer, Geoplot). The plots
on the right illustrate how the 1m vertical spacing of the sensors on the Grad601 provides an
increased depth of response compared to a 0.5m spacing gradiometer.
TerraSurveyor by DW Consulting
TerraSurveyor (formerly ArcheoSurveyor) is a fully featured and powerful graphical imaging
application, specifically designed for archaeological geophysics. It can read data directly from
the Grad601 Gradiometer (and other commonly used survey instruments) via the serial/USB
connection. The user can then apply a wide variety of data filters and algorithms (e.g. clip,
destripe, destagger, etc.) to enhance the clarity of any magnetic anomalies.
TerraSurveyorLite is a ‘lite’ version of this graphical mapping software, providing the user with the
majority of functions needed to process instrument data. There is a simple upgrade path to the
full version when further features become necessary.
TerraSurveyor and TerraSurveyorLite can be downloaded from the DW Consulting website at
Same site surveyed using
a gradiometer with 0.5 m
vertical sensor spacing
Bartington Instruments Limited,
T: +44 (0)1993 706565
5, 10 & 11 Thorney Leys Business Park,
F: +44 (0)1993 774813
Witney, Oxford, OX28 4GE, England.
E:[email protected]
The specifications of the products described in this brochure are
subject to change without prior notice.
Bartington® is a registered trademark of Bartington Instruments Ltd.
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