Bradford White | 20A | Service manual | Bradford White 20A Service manual

Bradford White 20A Service manual
COMMERCIAL 24 VOLT FLUE DAMPER
SERIES WATER HEATER WITH HONEYWELL
INTEGRATED CONTROL SYSTEM
Gas Water Heaters
SERVICE
MANUAL
Troubleshooting Guide
and Instructions for Service
(To be performed ONLY by
qualified service providers)
Models Covered
by This Manual:
For The Bradford White
“D” Series Models:
D38T155
D75T(125,160,300)
D65T(370,399)
D80T(180,199,250)
D80T(425,505)
D100T(199,250)
D80L(399,450,505)
D100L(199,250,270,300)
D100S(199,250)
Manual 47985A
Save this manual for future reference
Table of Contents
Page
Service Procedure
Introduction
4
---
Tools Required for Service
4
---
Sequence of Operation
6
---
Troubleshooting
7
---
Thermostat Circuit Testing
24
D24-I
Pilot Operation Testing
27
D24-II
Main Burner Operation Testing
30
D24-III
Main Burner & Pilot Removal & Inspection
32
D24-IV
Flue Baffle Removal & Inspection
35
D24-V
Anode Removal & Inspection
36
D24-VI
Generic Parts List
38
---
Glossary of Terms
41
---
Notes
41
---
Page 2
2
FEATURES OF HONEYWELL INTEGRATED CONTROLS SYSTEM
Attractive digital water heater display on control panel for setting and displaying
the temperature setpoint. Pressing temperature up and down buttons changes
the temperature setpoint. Temperature format may be displayed in degrees F or
degrees C.
Single control board with plug in wiring controls temperature, ignition, and flue
damper operation.
Reduced number of parts for servicing and wiring.
Plug in wiring reduces chance of miswiring.
Water heater display will show diagnostic codes in the event the water heater
needs servicing. Aids in diagnosing and servicing the water heater.
Water heater display can show up to 10 previous error codes in the service mode
to further aid in servicing the water heater.
Page 3
3
Introduction
It is intended for this manual to be used by qualified service personnel for the primary purpose of
troubleshooting analysis and repair of the Bradford White 24 Volt Flue Damper Series Water
Heater. Understanding the sequence of operation section of this manual will contribute greatly to
troubleshooting this product.
Troubleshooting begins by noting the error code, if any, on the water heater control display and
finding the section in this service manual for diagnosing the problem for this error code. This step
by step procedure beginning on page 5 will direct the service provider to a series of test
procedures to determine root cause of failure.
Contact Technical support immediately if diagnosis is not determined using the methods described
in this service manual.
Tools Required for Service
Manometer:
Two types available, a liquid “U” tube type or a digital (magna-helic)
type. This device is used to measure gas and/or air pressures and
vacuum.
Multi-Meter:
A digital type is strongly recommended. This device is used to measure
electrical values. The meter you select must have the capability to
measure volts AC, volts DC, Amps, micro-amps and ohms.
Thermometer:
Used to measure water temperature. An accurate thermometer is
recommended.
Water Pressure Gage:
Used to measure water supply pressure. Also used to determine tank
pressure by adapting to the drain valve of the heater.
Jumper Leads:
A length of wire (12" min.) with alligator clip at both ends.
Various Hand Tools:
Pipe wrench, channel locks, open end wrench set, 12" crescent wrench,
Allen wrench set, torx bit set, screw drivers (common & phillips), long
reach (12") magnetic tip phillips head screw driver #2 tip, ¼" nut driver,
pliers (common & needle nose), socket set including a 1-1/16 deep well
socket, wire cutters, wire strippers, wire crimpers, torpedo level, small
shop vac, step ladder, and flashlight.
Page 4
4
Specifications
Power Supply
Dedicated 120 VAC, 60 Hz., 15 A
Current Draw
Less than 5 Amps.
Gas Supply Connection
1" NPT connection to gas valve for 370,000 Btu/hr. and over for natural gas,
¾" NPT for rest. Schedule 40 black iron pipe recommended.
Approved Gas Type
Natural or Propane. Gas supply must match the gas type listed on the water
heater rating label.
Gas Pressure (Nat. & L.P.)
Manifold Pressure: 4.5" w.c. natural gas, 10.0" w.c. L.P. Gas Supply
Pressure: At least 1" above manifold pressure with water heater operating,
14" w.c. maximum.
Venting System
Atmospherically Vented, Type B venting system or approved chimney. Follow
current National Fuel Gas Code requirements or in Canada, the Natural Gas
and Propane Installation Code.
Minimum Clearance for Servicing
24" Front Clearance, 20" Top, 6" Sides.
Maximum Water Supply Pressure
150 PSI.
Thermostat Sensor(s)
Redundant thermister with 11,900 + or - 0.5% ohms resistance at 70 deg. F.
Sensor inside well for lower sensor. Some models use an additional upper
sensor (w/o well) with same resistance values.
Control Board
Honeywell Integrated Control Board for Temperature Control, Flue Damper,
and Ignition Control Functions. Operates on 24 volts AC current from
transformer. Some models use single sensor boards, others use two
sensors.
Control Display
Honeywell LCD Control Display with Temperature Setpoint, Format, and Error
Code Display in User Mode, Diagnostic Functions in Service Mode.
Communicates with Control Board.
Transformer
120 VAC Primary, 24 VAC Secondary, 40 VA.
Pilot
Intermittent Pilot with Spark Electrode and Flame Sensor monitored by Control
Board.
Flue Damper
24 VAC, 60 Hz., 80 Ma.
Page 5
5
Sequence of Operation
1
2
3
Thermostat calls for heat.
The control board sends 24 volts from damper terminal #2 on the control plug
to the flue damper.
Flue damper begins to rotate open. Once the flue damper is fully open, the damper end switch closes and 24 volts
is allowed to continue through damper to damper pin terminal #5.
Trial for ignition (three 90 second ignition trials, with 65 second pauses
between trials).
Control Board simultaneously sends:
1. 24 volts from control pin terminal #8, to “MV/PV”
terminal of gas valve (common terminal).
2. 24 volts from control pin terminal #2, to “PV”
terminal of gas valve to establish
gas flow at pilot.
3. Low current high voltage from “spark”
terminal, to generate spark at the pilot and
ignite pilot gas flow.
4. Pilot flame proving signal (measured in
micro-amps). from the “sense” terminal, to
prove pilot flame.
4
5
Once pilot flame is proven, sparking will stop.
Once sparking stops, 24 volts is sent from control pin
terminal #5 on control board, to “MV” terminal on gas valve
to establish main burner gas flow. Main burners ignite from
the pilot flame.
The control board constantly monitors pilot flame through
the flame sensor rod. If pilot flame is lost, pilot and main
burners are shut down. After a 65 second inter-purge
period, the control will attempt to re-light the pilot beginning
at sequence 3 above.
7
Main burner fires until the thermostat is satisfied. The control
board interrupts 24 volts through the damper and the gas valve
circuit. Pilot and main burners are turned off.
8
Flue damper rotates to the closed position.
LOCKOUT CONDITION
Control board will go into “Soft Lockout” if the pilot cannot be lit
after 3 ignition trials. The water heater display indicates a lockout
condition by showing an error code number (62 or 63) with
“Service Needed” in the display window. Refer to error codes in
the diagnostic section of this Service Manual. In a “Soft Lockout”
condition, the control will wait for 60 minutes and then make 3
more attempts to light the pilot and establish the main burners.
Soft lockout reset is accomplished by depressing the lower right
button under “Reset” for 3 seconds.
If the water heater should reach 200 degrees F, then the high limit
control will shut off the burners and the water heater will go into a
“Hard Lockout”. Error code 65 will be shown in the water heater
display. The control can only be reset in the “service mode”,
which is detailed in the next section of this Service Manual.
Page 6
6
WIRING DIAGRAM
Troubleshooting
CAUTION
Use Caution Not to Damage Connectors when making Voltage Measurements or Jumping Terminals
Water Heater Fault: Water heater does not operate
Display Error Code: Water heater display does not operate - blank display
1
Check main power supply to water
heater - fuse, circuit breaker, plug
receptacle, line cord or wiring to
water heater.
Check to make sure switch on top of
control panel is in the ON position
2
Checking line voltage to board.
Pins to black and white wires.
Voltage at primary pins 1&3 (white and
black wires) should be 110-120. If not,
check Line In pins 1&4. Check line cord
with ohmeter. Replace line cord if
defective.
Verify Primary and Secondary
voltage at the control board.
Checking primary voltage to
transformer from board. Pins to
black and white wires.
4
3
If there is not 24 volts at Secondary
pins on the control board, check
transformer. Replace transformer
or wire harness.
Checking secondary voltage from
transformer. Pins to blue and yellow
wires.
Does water heater display operate?
Does damper begin to open?
Increase thermostat setting if tank is
warm and make sure the control
display status reads “Heating”.
Y
N
Check wire connections of
board to display. See
illustration.
Checking transformer voltage, front
terminals are 24 volts, rear terminals
are 120 volts.
With the control cover tilted down,
measure the voltage between red and
black wire pin connections to display.
Voltage should be 24 volts AC
measured at the back of the Control
Display.
5
If no voltage at Display, check wire
harnesses and voltage at E-com
screw terminals (see photo 5).
See next page
Replace display if voltage is present at
display pin terminals. Replace control
board if no voltage is present at Ecom terminals (1&3, white-black wires
and 1&2, white-red wires) to display.
Page 7
7
Troubleshooting
CAUTION
Use Caution Not to Damage Connectors when making Voltage Measurements or Jumping Terminals
From previous page
Does damper blade move to the full
open position?
N
Error code #55 on display.
Remove damper from heater and
jump black & yellow wires of
heater harness. Refer to photo on
this page.
Does water heater begin to
operate?
Y
Is there pilot flame?
Y
N
Check for debris limiting damper
rotation. If no debris, replace
damper.
Error code #62 on display. See
“Pilot Will Not Light”.
Y
Does Main Burner operate?
N
Error code #62 on display. See
“Pilot Lights, No Flame Signal”
Y
Does burner continue until
thermostat set point is reached?
See setting display in Service Mode
and displaying temperature
sensors.
N
Damper vane show in open position. If damper
is closed, disconnect from harness and
REMOVE damper from water heater.
Error code #63 on display. See
“Main Burner Short Cycles”.
Y
Does the flue damper rotate to the
fully closed position?
N
Error code #56 on display.
Check for debris limiting damper
rotation. If no debris, replace
damper
6
Y
Harness shown disconnected from
damper with BLACK and YELLOW
wires jumped.
System okay
Error Code Shown
in Water Heater Display
Status
Service Needed
SELECT
Lockout RESET
Example of error code shown on control display.
Page 8
8
Troubleshooting
Using Control Display for Servicing the
Water Heater
ACCESSING SERVICE MODE ON THE WATER HEATER DISPLAY (FOR SERVICE PERSONNEL ONLY)
The display has a “service mode” for changing the maximum setpoint and accessing information in aiding servicing of the
water heater. This procedure is for service and installation personnel only. To enter the Service Mode, follow the steps
illustrated below:
Step 1: Press “Select” and “Temperature Up” buttons together and hold for 3 seconds until “Max Setpoint” is shown in the
"Max Setpoint”
display.
next to Temperature
Setpoint value.
Max
Setpoint
idle
Statu Operational
s
SET
SELECT
Step 2: Pressing “Select” button will change display to next mode
Water
Temp
°F
idle
Status Operational
SELECT
SET
The following is the sequence of modes available in “Service Mode” by pressing the “Select” button:
Error Code Number (Display/Reset). This is only shown if there is an operating error in the “User Mode”.
Error Code Shown
in Water Heater Display
Status Service Needed
SELECT
Lockout RESET
Page 9
9
Troubleshooting
1. Max Setpoint (Display/Change)
Max Setpoint value in
Water Heater Display
°F
Max
Setpoint
idle
Status Operational
&
SELECT
SET
2a. Water Temperature Average (Displays average if there are two sensors - sensor temperature displayed if single
sensor is used).
°F Water Temp
idle
Status Operational
SELECT
SET
2b. Water Temperature - Upper Sensor (Displays if there is an upper sensor - some models)
°F
idle
Status Operational
Upper Sensor
SELECT
SET
2c. Water Temperature - Lower Sensor (Displays if there are two sensors)
°F
idle
Status Operational
Lower Sensor
SELECT
SET
Page 10
10
Troubleshooting
3.
Flame Current of Pilot Flame Sensor (Displays only in the Heating Cycle)
ȝA
Heating
Status
Flame Current
Operational
SELECT
SET
4. Setpoint (Display/Change)
°F
setpoint
idle
Status Operational
SELECT
5.
SET
°F/°C (Display/Change)
°F
°F/C°
setpoint
idle
Status Operational
SET
SELECT
6.
Differential (Display only - shows the differential of the thermostat)
°F Differential
idle
Status Operational
SELECT
SET
Page 11
11
Troubleshooting
7. Software Version (Display only)
Soft
idle
Status
Operational
SET
SELECT
8. Error Code History (Displays if there are present error codes or up to 10 previous error codes). Water Heater Display
will show a “--“ if there are no error codes.
WARNING
Setting the water temperature
to the maximum set point can
result in scalding hot water
delivered to the faucets. It is
highly recommended that the
maximum setpoint be adjusted
to the lowest temperature
possible for the needs of the
installation. Make sure the
water heater control display is
not in a public area that can
re su lt in t h e t emp era t ur e
set ti ngs bei ng improp erly
adjusted.
idle
Status Operational
SELECT
SET
To change the Maximum Setpoint Limit (Max Setpoint) for the temperature setpoint:
Step 1: In service mode press the “Select” button until “Max Setpoint” is displayed.
°F
Max
Setpoint
idle
Status Operational
SELECT
Page 12
12
SET
Troubleshooting
Step 2: Press “Set” button to enter setting mode. “Max Setpoint” will flash to indicate setting mode.
Max
Setpoint
°F
idle
Status Operational
SELECT
SET
Step 3: Press the “UP” or “DOWN” buttons to change the maximum setpoint value. This will limit the maximum setpoint
the user can select. Note: The maximum setpoint is approximately 180°F.
"Max Setpoint" continues to flash
while making adjustments
°F
Max
Setpoint
idle
Status Operational
SELECT
SET
%
Step 4: Press “Set” button to confirm new “Max Setpoint” value and stop setting mode.
"Max Setpoint" stops flashing
°F
Max
Setpoint
idle
Status Operational
SELECT
%
SET
Page 13
13
Troubleshooting
Step 5: 30 Seconds after the last button press, the Water Heater Display will go back to “User Mode”. It will read “Max
Setpoint” without showing a temperature value if the temperature setpoint is at the maximum setting. The Water
Heater Display can be set back to the “User Mode” immediately by pressing both the “Temperature Up” and “Select”
buttons together for 3 seconds.
Max
Setpoint
idle
Status Operational
&
SELECT
SET
%
Exiting Service Mode
Display of Water Temperature:
Step 1: In Service Mode, Press the “Select” button until “Water Temp” is displayed in the upper right section of the
water heater display. For water heaters using two temperature sensors in the tank, this will be the average reading
between the two sensors. For water heaters using a single sensor, this is the reading for the sensor.
°F
Water
Temp
idle
Status Operational
&
SELECT
SET
Step 2: For water heaters using two temperature sensors, pressing the “Select” button again displays the Upper
Sensor temperature reading. “Upper Sensor” will be displayed in the lower right side of the status window of the
water heater display.
°F
idle
Status Operational
Upper Sensor
SELECT
Page 14
14
SET
Troubleshooting
Step 3: For water heaters using two temperature sensors, pressing the “Select” button again displays the Lower Sensor
temperature reading. “Lower Sensor” will be displayed in the lower left side of the status window of the water heater
display.
°F
idle
Status Operational
Lower Sensor
SELECT
SET
To Display Flame Sense Current of the Pilot Flame Sensor:
The pilot flame sense current is available only when the burners are in operation. Step 1: Make sure the status displays
“Heating” or draw enough hot water to start the burners. Step 2: Enter the “Service Mode” described previously. Step 3:
Press the “Select” button until a number value is displayed with “Flame Current” to the right of the number. The value
displayed is in microamps (ȝA).
Flame
Current
ȝA
Heating
Status Operational
SET
SELECT
To Display and Change Temperature Setpoint:
Step 1: In “Service Mode” press the “Select” button until “Setpoint” is shown in the water heater display
°F
setpoint
idle
Status Operational
SELECT
SET
Page 15
15
Troubleshooting
Step 2: Press the “Set” button to enter the setting mode. “Setpoint” will flash in the water heater display.
setpoint
°F
idle
Status Operational
SELECT
SET
Step 3: To raise the temperature setpoint, press the “Temperature Up” button until the desired temperature is shown on
the water heater display.
NOTICE
The maximum temperature that can be set in the Water Heater Display is limited to the “Max Setpoint” described
previously. To change the “Max Setpoint”, refer to the procedure “To Change the Maximum Setpoint Limit…"
described previously under “Accessing the Service Mode on the Water Heater Display”.
WARNING
Setting the water temperature
to the maximum set point can
result in scalding hot water
delivered to the faucets. It is
highly recommended that the
maximum setpoint be adjusted
to the lowest temperature
possible for the needs of the
installation. Make sure the
water heater control display is
not in a public area that can
re su lt in t h e t emp era t ur e
set ti ngs bei ng improp erly
adjusted.
setpoint
°F
idle
Status Operational
SELECT
SET
%
Step 4: To lower the temperature setpoint, press the “Temperature Down” button until the desired temperature is shown
on the water heater display.
"Setpoint" Flashes
°F
setpoint
idle
Status Operational
SELECT
SET
Page 16
16
Troubleshooting
Step 5: When the desired setpoint is reached on the water heater display, press the “Set” button to confirm the new
setpoint. “Setpoint” stops flashing in the water heater display.
setpoint
°F
idle
Status Operational
SELECT
SET
To Display and Change Temperature Format (°F/°C):
To Change Temperature Format in Display from °F to °C or °C to °F:
Step 1: While in “Service Mode”, press “Select” button until “°F/°C” is shown in the upper right portion of the water heater
display.
°F
°F/C°
idle
Status Operational
SELECT
SET
Step 2: Press “Set” button to change temperature format. “°F/°C” symbol will flash in the water heater display.
°F
°F/C°
idle
Status Operational
SELECT
SET
Page 17
17
Troubleshooting
Step 3a: Press “Temperature Up” button to change temperature format to °C
°C °F/C°
idle
Status Operational
SELECT
SET
%
Step 3b: Press “Temperature Down” button to change temperature format to °F
°F °F/C°
idle
Status Operational
SELECT
SET
Step 4: Press “Set” button to confirm °F or °C format. °F/°C will stop flashing
°F
°F/C°
idle
Status Operational
SELECT
SET
Page 18
18
Troubleshooting
Step 5: Pressing “Select” button will return display to setpoint in format selected (°F or °C) immediately
°F
idle
Status
Operational
Lower Sensor
SELECT
SET
Error Codes and Error History Display:
If there is an operating problem with the water heater, an error code number will appear on the water heater display with
“Service Needed” to the right of the “Status” indicator. The error code label is located under the water heater display.
The following section in this Service Manual explains the error codes with corrective actions to repair the water heater.
Example of Error Code in the Display
idle
Service Needed
SELECT
Lockout RESET
Error Code History:
In “Service Mode” pressing the “Select” button after the “Software Version” (item 8 in the previously described sequence
of service modes) will show an error code history, if there have been any previous operating problems with the water
heater. If the display shows --, there is not a current error code.
The Water Heater Display will provide up to 10 previous error codes. The oldest error code will be stored in code index
#1 and the most recent in code index #10.
Page 19
19
Troubleshooting
To view previous error codes:
Step 1:
In “Service Mode press the “Select” button until the next display after the “Software Version”. If there are no current
error codes, the display will show -- .
°F
idle
Status Operational
SELECT
SET
Step 2:
Press the “Temperature Down” button to select the error code index, starting with the most recent error code “10”.
idle
Status Operational
SELECT
SET
%
Step 3:
Press the “Select” button to view the error code for “code 10”. If there is a number displayed, note what the number is.
The label next to the water heater display will identify the code number. If no number is displayed with only a “--“ in the
water heater display, then there has not been an error code for error code index 10.
idle
Status
Operational
SELECT
SET
Page 20
20
Troubleshooting
Step 4:
Press the “Temperature Down” button to change to the previous code index, code #9.
%
idle
Status Operational
SELECT
SET
Step 5:
Press the “Select” button for code index #9 to view if there are any code numbers.
idle
Status Operational
SELECT
SET
Step 6:
Continue pressing the “Temperature Down” button to change to the next error code index and press “Select” to view the
error code number, if any, for that index number. Continue on to index #1, the oldest error code index. The water
heater display will store up to 10 error codes with the oldest code starting in code index #1 with the most recent code in
code index #10.
Step 7: 10 seconds after the last button press, the Water Heater Display will revert back to the current error code
display. To exit Service Mode, either wait 30 seconds or press Temperature Up button and Select Button for 3 seconds.
°F
setpoint
idle
Statu
s
Operational
&
SELECT
SET
%
Exiting Service Mode
Page 21
21
Troubleshooting
ERROR CODE DEFINITIONS
If the water heater has an operating problem, there will be a number in the water heater display with
“Service Needed” shown below the error code number. Note the error code and the definition in the
chart below. This label appears on the control box under the water heater display. The following
sections will provide instructions for servicing each error code.
Page 22
22
WARNING
The following procedure is for service and installation personnel only. Resetting lockout
conditions without correcting the malfunction can result in a hazardous condition.
If an error code is displayed (except for #4, low flame sense current), the water heater will be in a “lockout condition”
with the water heater display showing the error code number and “Service Needed” in the status section of the
display window. Error codes 62 (maximum number of retries detected) and 63 (maximum number if ignition
recycles detected) are “Soft Lockouts” in which the control can be reset in the “User Mode” by pressing the lower
right button under “Lockout Reset” shown in the lower right portion of the display. The control will also go through 3
attempts to relight the burners every hour in the soft lockout condition.
Error Code Shown in
Water Heater Display
Status
Service needed
SELECT
%
Lockout RESET
Press for 2 seconds
All other error codes will put the water heater into a “Hard Lockout” condition, in which the water heater will not
operate and cannot be reset in the “User Mode”. To reset a hard lockout, first enter the “Service Mode” described
earlier by pressing both the “Temperature Up” and “Select Buttons” at the same time for 3 seconds. Then press the
lower right button under “Lockout Reset” in the water heater display and hold for 3 seconds.
Resetting Error Codes in Hard Lockout Condition
Error Code Shown in
Water Heater Display
Status Service Needed
&
SELECT
SET
%
Status Service Needed
SELECT
Lockout RESET
Step 2: Press for 3 seconds to
reset control in service mode.
Step 1: Press for 3 seconds
to enter service mode.
Page 23
23
SERVICE PROCEDURE D24-I
Thermostat Circuit Testing
CAUTION
Be Careful When Making Voltage
Measurements or Jumping Terminals
Not to Damage or Deform Connectors or
Connector Pins.
DANGER
120 volt exposure. To avoid personal injury,
use caution while performing this procedure.
This procedure assumes the flue damper is in working order. Be sure damper opens under its own power when the
thermostat circuit is by-passed. Damper must be open or removed during this test. Do not force damper open using your
hands or tools.
Condition: Water Heater Not Operating
Display shows error code “31” (Upper Sensor
Readings Faulty) or error code “32” (Lower Sensor
Readings Faulty)
7
Measuring upper
sensor resistance
through wire
harness
(disconnected at
control board).
Unplug or disconnect electrical power to the water heater
Check continuity of wire harness to affected sensor. Measurement
of ohmeter should be close to 0 ohms. Replace wire harness if high
resistance is measured (over 0.5 ohms) Check wires for intermittent
connections, shorts, frayed insulation. Replace if necessary
(see photo 8)
8
If wire harness checks out O.K.check resistance of sensor. Refer to
section on Sensor Resistance Testing. If sensor resistance is not
near the values shown in the table, then replace upper or lower
sensor as indicated by error code number.
Turn power on to water heater.
Run water heater through heating cycle and verify proper operation.
Sensor temperature can be viewed when burner shuts off (see
section on viewing the display in “Service Mode”.
9
Condition: Water Heater Not Operating
Display shows error code “65”
High Water Temperature (over 200 deg. F)
Checking
continuity of
upper sensor wire
harness.
Removing lower
sensor from well.
Held in place by a
clip fastened to
well shoulder.
WARNING!
Do not reset the display from the hard lockout
state without correcting the cause of the
overheating condition.
Turn power “OFF”.
Draw water to cool tank below 120 deg. F
Check lower sensor. Is the sensor fully inserted into the well?
Sensor is held in place with a clip fastened to the well (see photo 9)
Check lower sensor wire making sure it is not damaged or has
breaks in the wire insulation. Check upper harness wires to upper
sensor, if used (some models).
N
Y
Page 24
24
If sensor clip is damaged
replace clip. Replace lower
sensor if damaged.
Check Sensor Resistance
(see “Sensor Resistance
Testing” section & photo 7)
See next page
SERVICE PROCEDURE D24-I
Thermostat Circuit Testing
WARNING!
Do not operate water heater without verifying that the overheating condition has been corrected.
Condition: Water Heater Not Operating
Display shows error code “65”
High Water Temperature (over 200 deg. F)
Continued
Once cause of overheating condition has been diagnosed
and corrected, the control may be reset
Reconnect and switch on power to the water heater.
Enter service mode on the water heater display (see
illustration)
Press button under “Lockout Reset” and hold for 3
seconds.
Set thermostat to the desired setting.
Water heater should start.
Monitor temperatures for one complete heating cycle
making sure the maximum tank temperature remains well
below 200 deg. F
Page 25
25
SERVICE PROCEDURE D24-I
Thermostat Circuit Testing
Conditions: Upper or Lower Sensor Reading
Faulty, High Water Temperature, or suspect
thermostat is not accurate.
Sensor Resistance Testing
Upper Sensor
1. Determine resistance value of upper sensor. Test across
grey wires.
Upper thermister location
(applicable models)
2. Draw quart of water off T&P valve. Using a thermometer,
determine water temperature.
10
3. Use table below to verify correct resistance per water
temperature measured.
Lower Sensor:
1. Determine resistance value of lower sensor. Test across
center wire (common) to each outside wire. Resistance of both
thermisters in the lower sensor should be close to each other.
If the resistance values for both thermisters are not close to
each other, replace the lower sensor. The dual thermisters are
used to provide high limit protection in case the thermostat
circuit fails to shut off the water heater.
Checking resistance of
upper sensor
Lower thermister
access located inside
control box.
11
2. Draw quart of water off Drain Valve.
Using a thermometer, determine water temperature.
3. Use table below to verify correct resistance per water
temperature measured.
Are readings
correct?
N
Replace
thermister
Checking resistance of
lower sensor (center and
outside pins)
Y
Check harness
N
continuity.
Continuity okay?
Replace
harness
CAUTION
Be Careful When Making Resistance
Measurements Not to Damage or
Deform Connectors or Connector Pins.
Y
Replace
control board
Sensor Resistance at Various Temperatures
Example: If water temperature is 84°F, then the resistance through the sensor would be 8449 (see shaded area).
NOTE: Sensor resistance increases as the temperature falls.
°F
40
50
60
70
80
90
100
110
120
130
140
150
160
170
180
190
200
0
26109
19906
15314
11884
9299
7333
5827
4663
3758
3048
2488
2043
1688
1402
1170
982
828
1
25400
19383
14925
11592
9078
7165
5697
4562
3679
2986
2439
2004
1656
1376
1150
965
814
2
24712
18876
14548
11308
8862
7000
5570
4464
3602
2925
2391
1966
1625
1351
1129
949
801
3
24045
18383
14180
11032
8653
6839
5446
4368
3527
2866
2344
1928
1595
1327
1110
933
788
In Degrees
4
23399
17905
13823
10763
8449
6683
5326
4274
3453
2808
2298
1891
1566
1303
1090
917
775
Page 26
26
F
5
22771
17440
13477
10502
8250
6531
5208
4183
3382
2752
2253
1856
1537
1280
1071
901
762
6
22163
16990
13140
10248
8057
6383
5094
4094
3312
2697
2209
1820
1509
1257
1053
886
749
7
21573
16553
12812
1000
7869
6238
4982
4006
3244
2643
2166
1786
1481
1235
1035
871
737
8
21000
16128
12494
9760
7685
6098
4873
3922
3177
2590
2124
1753
1454
1213
1017
857
725
9
20445
15715
12185
9526
7507
5961
4767
3839
3112
2538
2083
1720
1427
1191
999
842
713
SERVICE PROCEDURE D24-II
Pilot Operation Testing
CAUTION
Be Careful When Making Voltage
Measurements or Jumping Terminals
Not to Damage or Deform Connectors or
Connector Pins.
DANGER
120 volt exposure. To avoid personal injury,
use caution while performing this procedure.
Condition:
Pilot will not light or stay lit,
Error codes 62, or 63 shown on Water
Heater Display
Reset control by pressing the lower
right button under “reset” on the
display for 3 seconds. Does control
board start ignition sequence and
start sparking (sparking noise at pilot
or at board)
Check across “MV/PV” & “PV” Wire
leads to gas valve
12
N
Y
N
Is there spark at the pilot?
Y
Is there 22-27 volts AC output across
terminal pins 8 & 2 on “Control” plug
of Control Board? Carefully insert
meter probe in wire plug to check pin
terminals. Make sure control is in the
trial for ignition sequence (see
Sequence of Operation).
(see photo 13)
N
Y
Is there 22-27 volts AC input across
wire leads
“MV/PV” & “PV” (yellow & red wires)
at Gas Valve?
(see photo 12)
N
Check wire harness for damage or
loose connections. Repair or replace
as needed.
Y
Replace control board
Check for:
Loose or damaged ignition wire
Grounded pilot electrode
Damaged pilot.
Replace control board.
Loosen pilot tubing connection at
the gas valve and soap test.
Is there pilot gas flow out of the
gas valve? See pilot illustration
for pilot inspection. (Wires must
be connected to gas valve during
this test).
Y
Check for clogged or kinked pilot
tube, clogged pilot orifice. Clean
or replace as needed.
(see “Pilot Burner Inspection”)
N
Tighten pilot tube connection at
the gas valve. Check incoming
gas pressure to water heater. if
okay, replace gas valve
Turn on power to the water heater
and verify proper operation
Checking for 24
volts output to
pilot valve
(yellow and red
wire pin
terminals) on
control board
“control” plug.
13
11
Page 27
27
SERVICE PROCEDURE D24-II
Pilot Inspection
Condition:
Error code 57: Flame Rod Shorted
to Ground
Disconnect power. Shut off gas
supply to water heater. Slide out
burner assembly (see section on
“removing pilot and main burner
assembly”).
Check to see if pilot shield is touching
pilot flame sensor or flame sensor
touching pilot hood. Bend shield to
prevent interference or replace pilot
shield.
Check pilot flame sense wire for
broken insulation. Replace pilot if
defective
Make sure pilot shield
clears flame sense rod
Flame Sense Rod
Reinstall pilot and burner assembly.
Reconnect gas line union, turn on
gas.
Spark Electrode
Check for Gas Leaks
Reconnect power and verify proper
ignitions.
Page 28
28
SERVICE PROCEDURE D24-II
Pilot Operation Testing
DANGER
120 volt exposure. To avoid personal injury,
use caution while performing this procedure.
CAUTION
Be Careful When Making Voltage
Measurements or Jumping Terminals
Not to Damage or Deform Connectors or
Connector Pins.
Condition:
Pilot lights, no or low flame signal. Control
Display shows “4” or “62” for Error Codes
(Service Needed). Control continues to spark
until system “Lock Out”.
Main burner will not light.
Check for loose or damaged flame sense
lead from pilot to Control Board. (see
illustration to the right). Is flame sense lead
okay?
Repair wire lead
or replace pilot.
N
Meter
Probe
Flame rod
Multi-meter set
to check
continuity.
Y
Check for loose or damaged ground wire(s)
from gas valve to control board. Check
continuity of wires with ohmeter. Are ground
wires okay?
Repair ground
wire(s) or replace
as needed.
N
Y
Meter
Probe
Check venting conditions or negative
pressure.
Is vent system okay?
Correct improper
venting condition.
Refer to Installation
Instructions
N
Y
Is heater condensing causing pilot
interruption?
N
The microamp output of the pilot may be
checked by entering “Service Mode” on the
water heater display and pressing “Select”
until the flame current is shown. The control
must be in the heating mode with the pilot lit
to display a reading. See section on
accessing service mode on the water heater
display.
Y
Make sure pilot shield is in place
and not bent or damaged (refer
to section on main burner and
pilot assembly) . Determine
cause for condensing and
correct.
(Possible under sized water
heater or high demand periods.)
NOTE:
Check continuity of sense lead
to flame rod. If no continuity,
clean pilot flame rod or replace
pilot. Check pilot flame
appearance - if weak check for
clogged pilot orifice, bent pilot
tubing, or low inlet gas
pressure.
(see above illustration)
Checking pilot flame sensor wire and flame
rod for continuity.
ȝA
Heating
Flame Current
Status Operational
SELECT
SET
Pilot flame sensor microamp output
shown in display using service mode.
Pilot must be lit to get reading.
Micro-amp readings
0.000 Micro Amp =
1.0 micro amp or less =
Replace control board or pilot if wire is
damaged.
Clean pilot flame rod or replace pilot.
Page 29
29
SERVICE PROCEDURE D24-III
Main Burner Operation Testing
CAUTION
Be Careful When Making Voltage
Measurements or Jumping Terminals
Not to Damage or Deform Connectors or
Connector Pins.
DANGER
120 volt exposure. To avoid personal injury,
use caution while performing this procedure.
Checking MV &
MV/PV control plug
pins to gas valve
for 24 volts output
during heating
cycle (pilot must be
lit with no
sparking).
Condition:
Main burner will not light,
Display shows “Heating” under temperature
setpoint.
Tank is cold.
Is Pilot lit?
N
14
11
See “Pilot Will Not
Light”
Y
Y
Does control board continue to spark with
pilot lit?
See “Pilot Lights, No Flame
Signal”
N
Insert meter probes into back of
“Control” plug on control board to contact
pins for measuring voltage.
Is there 22-27 volts AC across
pin terminals 5 & 8? (Refer to wiring
diagram also see photo 14)
N
Y
Be sure control display is showing “Heating”,
pilot is lit and control is not sparking.
Recheck voltage across control board
pin terminals 5 & 8 (MV & MV/PV)
Is voltage present?
N
Replace control board.
Y
Brown wire disconnected
from “MV” terminal of gas
valve
Ground lug of
gas valve
15
Disconnect brown wire lead from
“MV” terminal of gas valve.
Is there 22-27 volts AC across
brown wire lead & ground?
(see photo 15)
N
Y
Check incoming gas pressure
to ga s val ve and m anifo ld
pressure to burners (See next
page for procedure for
checking manifold pressure). If
inlet gas pressure is O.K.,
replace gas valve. (See photo
on next page for gas valve
inlet pressure tap)
Check wire harness for damage or loose
connections. Repair or replace as needed.
Checking main valve (MV) voltage to gas valve.
Page 30
30
SERVICE PROCEDURE D24-III
Main Burner Operation Testing
CAUTION
Be Careful When Making Voltage
Measurements or Jumping Terminals
Not to Damage or Deform Connectors or
Connector Pins.
DANGER
120 volt exposure. To avoid personal injury,
use caution while performing this procedure.
Condition:
Main burner short cycles.
Control Display may show error
code “63, 57, or 4” and be in
“Soft Lockout” state.
Check gas inlet pressure to the water
heater gas valve.
Line pressure should be:
Nat. = Min. 5.5" W.C.: Max. 14.0" W.C.
LP = Min. 11.0" W.C.; Max. 14.0" W.C.
Is gas pressure within proper
specification? (see photo below)
Determine cause of incorrect gas
pressure and correct. Contact
your gas supplier.
N
Y
Check manifold pressure. See photo on lower right section of page for
manifold pressure tap location. Refer to water heater rating label for
specified manifold pressure. If the manifold pressure is not within 0.3"
w.c. of the specified pressure, then remove the regulator cap from the
gas valve and turn plastic screw clockwise to increase pressure and
counterclockwise to decrease pressure. Be sure inlet gas pressure is at
least 1" w.c. above the manifold pressure. Replace regulator screw and
pressure tap cap when finished. Is manifold pressure O.K.?
N
Replace Gas Valve.
Y
Check venting conditions, clogged vent,
down drafts or negative building
pressure
Is vent system okay?
N
Correct improper venting
condition. Refer to
Installation Instructions
Line gas
pressure port
Y
Is there sufficient combustion air being
supplied to the water heater? Are there
combustion air openings or supply pipes
to the room? Open access door to the
utility room to see if problem is
corrected.
N
Provide proper
combustion air to water
heater. Refer to
Installation Instructions
Gas Valve pressure
regulator cap (adjustment
screw accessible by
removing cap screw)
16
Y
Check for unstable pilot flame or
oxidation of the flame rod on pilot
causing weak pilot signal. Make sure
pilot shield is in place and does not
touch pilot flame sensor.
(See Pilot Inspection section)
Connect hose barb to manifold
pressure port shown above, then
connect monometer to measure
gas manifold pressure.
Check burner tubes for scale or debris
build-up. Clean burner as necessary.
(see Main Burner and Pilot Removal and
Inspection)
Manifold Pressure Port with hose
barb inserted for measuring
pressure
Check tank flues for blockage or debris
build-up causing restriction.
(see Flue Baffle Removal, Inspection)
Page 31
31
SERVICE PROCEDURE D24-IV
Main Burner & Pilot
Removal and Inspection
WARNING
Heater components may be HOT when performing the following steps in this procedure.
Take necessary precaution to prevent personal injury.
Gas Valve
Wire Leads
Main Burner Removal
Gas Valve
Control Knob
Step 1.
Disconnect (un-plug) water heater from
electrical supply.
Step 2.
Turn “OFF” gas supply to water heater.
Step 3.
Rotate gas valve control knob to the “OFF” position
(see photo 17).
Step 4.
Disconnect Gas supply line from the gas valve
(see photo 17).
Step 5.
Disconnect wire leads from gas valve
(see photo 17).
Step 6.
Disconnect white flame sense wire & orange ignition
wire from Control Board (see photo 18).
Step 7.
Remove the two burner rack mounting screws (see photo 17).
Step 8.
Slide complete burner rack out from heater
(see photo 19).
Step 9.
To install burner, reverse above procedure.
Step 10.
Check for gas leaks and verify proper operation.
Burner Rack
Mounting
Screw
Gas Supply
Line
17
Pilot Flame Sense
Wire (White)
18
Pilot spark wire
(Orange)
19
Main Burner Inspection
Step 1.
Burner tubes should be free of any flue
scale or other debris. Clean
burner tubes using a stiff brush and/or
shop vac. Burner ports should have uniform
openings. Replacement is recommended for
burners where port area is deteriorated or
other unintended openings are present.
Step 2.
Insure pilot shield is in place (see photo 20).
Step 3.
Inspect pilot position to insure smooth burner
ignition from pilot flame. Pilot should be
mounted using the two mounting screws through
the burner support bracket resulting in a level
pilot position.
Pilot
Shield
Page 32
32
20
SERVICE PROCEDURE D24-IV
Main Burner & Pilot
Removal and Inspection
Pilot Shield
Pilot Burner Removal
Step 1.
With burner rack removed from heater, disconnect
pilot tube connection from gas valve
Step 2.
Remove the two pilot burner mounting screws
securing the pilot and pilot shield in place.
Step 3.
Remove pilot shield and pilot from burner rack.
Step 4.
To install pilot burner and pilot shield, reverse above
procedure. Be sure to reconnect green ground wire.
21
Ground Wire
Location
Pilot & Pilot Shield
Mounting Screws
Pilot Burner Inspection
Step 1.
Inspect pilot for the following:
a) Broken or cracked ceramic insulators. If found,
pilot must be replaced.
b) Damaged electrode or flame sense wire. If found,
pilot must be replaced.
c) Oxidation build-up on flame rod. Clean flame rod
or replace pilot as necessary.
Step 2.
Inspect pilot orifice:
a) Remove 7/16" ferrule nut from bottom of pilot.
b) Remove pilot tube and orifice from pilot.
Flame
Rod
22
Ceramic
Insulators
Pilot
Orifice
Ignition
Wire
7//16"
ferrule
Nut
Flame Sense
Wire
c) Inspect pilot tube for blockage. Clean or replace
as necessary.
d) Inspect pilot orifice for blockage. Clean or replace
as necessary.
Aluminum
Pilot Tubing
Page 33
33
SERVICE PROCEDURE D24-IV
Control Board Replacement
DANGER
120 volt exposure. To avoid personal injury,
unplug while performing this procedure.
Control board replacement
Step 1: Disconnect Power
Step 2: Unplug wire connections from board.
24
23
Depress
plastic
tabs
Wire connections
Step 3: To remove board, tilt control panel to the right
and slide control hook tabs from slots in control panel.
25
To remove lower sensor
Remove clip, pull sensor out.
Slots in
control panel
26
Unhook tabs
from control
panel slots
Remove clip
Pull out sensor
IMPORTANT
When replacing lower sensor, make sure
sensor is fully inserted into the well and
securely held by the clip on the well groove.
(see photo 25)
Page 34
34
SERVICE PROCEDURE D24-V
Flue Baffle Removal, Inspection
WARNING
Heater components may be HOT when performing the following steps in this procedure.
Take necessary precaution to prevent personal injury.
27
Step 1.
Disconnect (unplug) water heater from electrical supply.
Step 2.
Disconnect venting from draft diverter and remove draft
diverter from top of water heater.
Step 3.
Disconnect flue damper from wire harness and remove
flue damper from top of water heater (see photo 27).
Step 4.
If required, turn “OFF” water supply & disconnect top plumbing
connection from top of water heater.
Step 5.
Remove screws holding jacket head to top of water heater
and remove jacket head from top of water heater. Note, it may
be necessary to use a screw driver to pry underneath
jacket head (see photo 28).
Step 6.
Remove insulation from top of water heater to expose
collector cover.
Step 7.
Remove screws from side (or top) of collector cover. Note, it may be
necessary to chisel away some foam to access screws (see photo 29).
28
29
Step 8.
Remove collector cover from water heater by using
pipe wrench as illustrated in photo 30.
Step 9.
Remove flue baffles from water heater. Note, it may be necessary
to use pliers to loosen and remove baffles from flue tubes (see photo 31).
Step 10.
Visually inspect flue baffles. Flue baffles may show signs
of oxidation; this is normal. If the oxidation has deteriorated
any portion of the flue baffle, replacement is recommended.
If any restrictors are missing, replacement is recommended.
Step 11.
Upon completion of inspection or subsequent replacement,
reinstall flue baffles into heater.
Step 12.
Reinstall collector cover and insulation over collector cover.
Step 13.
Reinstall jacket head, flue damper and draft diverter. Reconnect venting.
Step 14.
Reconnect plumbing connection to top of water heater
& turn on water supply if required.
Step 15.
Check for leaks and verify proper operation.
30
31
Flue Baffle
Page 35
35
SERVICE PROCEDURE D24-VI
Anode Removal and Inspection
WARNING
Heater components may be HOT when performing the following steps in this procedure.
Take necessary precaution to prevent personal injury.
36
Step 1.
Disconnect (unplug) water heater from electrical supply.
Step 2.
Turn “OFF” water supply to water heater.
Step 3.
Open a near by hot water faucet to relieve tank pressure.
Step 4.
Connect hose to drain valve of water heater and route to an open drain. Open
drain valve and drain a minimum of 5 gallons of water from the water heater.
Close drain valve and disconnect drain hose from water heater.
Step 5.
Disconnect venting from draft diverter and remove draft diverter from top of
water heater.
Step 6.
Disconnect flue damper from wire harness and remove flue damper from top
of water heater (see photo 32).
Step 7.
If required, turn off water supply and disconnect top plumbing connection from
top of water heater.
Step 8.
Remove screws holding jacket head to top of water heater
and remove jacket head from top of water heater. Note, it may
be necessary to use a screw driver to pry underneath
jacket head (see photo 33).
Step 9.
Remove insulation from top of water heater to expose collector cover,
remove if necessary. (see next page for approx. anode locations)
Step 10.
Remove screws from side (or top) of collector cover. Note, it may be
necessary to chisel away some foam to access screws (see photo 34).
Step 11.
Locate and remove anode rods from top of water heater (1-1/16 hex socket).
Note, anodes located outside of the collector (see photo 35) may require foam
to be chiseled away to access anode rods. (see next page for approx. anode locations)
Step 12.
Visually inspect anode rod. Anode rod may show signs of depletion;
this is normal. If the anode shows signs of depletion
(approximately 5/8", see photo 36), replacement is recommended. If any of
the steel core of the anode is exposed, replacement is recommended.
Step 13.
Upon completion of inspection or subsequent replacement,
reinstall anode rods into water heater.
Step 14.
Check for leaks.
Step 15.
Reinstall collector cover & insulation over collector cover.
Step 16.
Reinstall jacket head, flue damper and draft diverter. Reconnect venting.
Step 17.
Reconnect plumbing connection to top of water heater if required.
Step 18.
Restore water supply and power to water heater.
Step 19.
Verify proper operation.
32
Page 36
33
34
35
Anode
Replace Anode
36
SERVICE PROCEDURE D24-VI
Anode Removal and Inspection
Approximate Anode Rod Locations
Page 37
37
Generic Parts List
2
3
1
5
4
11
30
10
8
9
6
28
24
29
7
12
27
13
25
19
23
14
26
22
21
20
15
15A
16/16A
17/17A
18
1. Draft Diverter w/Leg Kit
2. Draft Diverter
3. Draft Diverter Leg
4. Damper Outlet Reducer
5. Flue Damper
6. Hot Outlet Nipple
7. Cold Water Inlet Dip
Tube
8. Hex Head Anode
9. Flue Baffle
10. Flue Reducer
11. Flue Core
12. 1" x ¾" Reducer Bushing
13. Nipple T&P Valve
14. T&P Valve
15. Cleanout O-Ring
15A. Cleanout Gasket (ASME)
16. Cleanout Access Cover
16A. Cleanout Access Cover (ASME)
17. Cleanout Cover Screw
17A Cleanout Cover Screw (ASME)
18. Cleanout Jacket Cover
19. Thermostat Sensor Clip
Page 38
38
20. Burner Assembly Complete
21. Brass Drain Valve
22. Cold Water Inlet Nipple (side)
23. Thermostat Well
24. Damper Harness
25. Lower Thermostat Sensor
26. Control Box Assembly Complete
27. Hot Water Outlet Nipple (side)
28. Upper Thermostat
29. Utility Cover
30. ASSE Approved Mixing Valve
31. Pipe Plug ¾ NPT
Generic Parts List
13A
1A
2A
4A
3A
14A
16A
7A
8A
5A
17A
9A
6A
11A
18A
10A
12A
15A
19A
20A
1A. Draft Panel
2A. Burner Rack
3A. Burner Tube
4A. Gas Valve
5A. Burner Manifold
6A. Main Burner Orifice
7A. Pilot Shield
8A. Pilot Burner
9A. Pilot Orifice
10A. Pilot Tubing
11A. Pilot Mounting Screw
12A. Burner Tube Support
13A. Manifold Bracket
14A. C-Cane Manifold
15A. Manifold Straight
16A. Manifold Bracket
17A. 90° Street Elbow Black
18A. 1" Down Pipe Nipple Black
19A. 1" 90° Elbow Black
20A. Ground Wire
Page 39
39
Generic Parts List
19B
20B
7B
17B
18B
8B
6B
5B
4B
3B
9B
16B
2B
12B
10B
13B
1B
11B
14B
15B
1B. Temperature Display
2B. Control Box Cover
3B. Integrated Control Board
4B. Screw 8-16 X ½ PHCR
5B. Transformer
6B. Ground Lug
7B. On/Off Switch
8B. Control Box Panel
9B. Screw 8/32 X ¼ PHCR
10B. 7/8" Snap Bushing
11B. Power Cord Strain Relief
12B. Pilot Wire Strain Relief
13B. Secondary Transformer Wiring Harness
14B. Primary Transformer Wiring Harness
15B. Screw 8-18 x ¾ PHCR
16B. Gas Valve Control Wiring Harness
17B. Damper Wiring Harness
18B. Power Cord
19B. Display Control Wiring Harness
20B. Display Cover Wiring Harness
Page 40
40
Glossary of Terms
AC
BTU/H
CO
CO2
DC
ECO
GFI
GPM
Hz
LED
NOx
NPT
PSI
VA
VAC
W.C.
°C
°F
ȝA
Alternating Current
British Thermal Units per Hour
Carbon Monoxide
Carbon Dioxide
Direct Current
Energy Cut Off
Ground fault interrupt
Gallons per Minute
Hertz
Light Emitting Diode
Oxides of Nitrogen
National Pipe Thread
Pounds per Square Inch
Volt Amps
Volts Alternating Current
Inches of Water Column
Degrees Centigrade
Degrees Fahrenheit
Micro Amp
NOTES
Page 41
41
NOTES
Page 34
NOTES
Page 34
Email
parts@bradfordwhite.com
techserv@bradfordwhite.com
www.bradfordwhite.com
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