FAL-ANT-5  Description
THIS
DOCUMENT IS AVAILABLE AT
http://www.falcom.de/
FAL-ANT-5
GSM/DCS/PCS/GPS antenna
(with Fakra-SMB connectors)
Description
Version 1.01, 28/09/2006
Fal-Ant-5
Version 1.01
Contents
0
INTRODUCTION............................................................................3
0.1
1
General ....................................................................................................................3
SECURITY .....................................................................................4
1.1
GENERAL ................................................................................................................4
1.1.1
1.1.2
1.1.3
1.1.4
1.1.5
1.1.6
1.1.7
1.1.8
1.1.9
1.1.10
1.1.11
EXPOSURE TO RF ENERGY ............................................................................................ 4
EFFICIENT OPERATION ................................................................................................... 4
ANTENNA CARE ................................................................................................................ 4
DRIVING ............................................................................................................................. 4
ELECTRONIC DEVICES .................................................................................................... 4
VEHICLE ELECTRONIC EQUIPMENT .............................................................................. 4
MEDICAL ELECTRONIC EQUIPMENT ............................................................................. 5
AIRCRAFT .......................................................................................................................... 5
CHILDREN.......................................................................................................................... 5
BLASTING AREAS ............................................................................................................. 5
NON-IONISING RADIATION .............................................................................................. 5
2
INSTALLATION INSTRUCTIONS .................................................6
3
ANTENNA SPECIFICATIONS ......................................................7
3.1
Electrical specification of GPS antenna ...................................................................7
3.2
Electrical specification of GSM/DCS/PCS antenna..................................................7
4
MECHANICAL SPECIFICATION ..................................................8
4.1
Environmental Specification.....................................................................................8
Version history
Version number
Author
Changes
1.00
Fadil Beqiri
Initial version
1.01
Guido Voigt
Table 2 updated. (The values are obtained in the final
measurement at Tyco Lab).
This confidential document is the property of FALCOM GmbH and may not be copied or circulated without permission.
Page 1
Fal-Ant-5
Version 1.01
Cautions
Information furnished herein by FALCOM are accurate and reliable. However, no
responsibility is assumed for its use.
Please read carefully the safety precautions.
If you have any technical questions regarding this document or the product
described in it, please contact your vendor.
General information about FALCOM and its range of products are available at the
following internet address: http://www.falcom.de/
Trademarks
Some mentioned products are registered trademarks of their respective companies.
Copyright
The FAL-ANT-5 antenna user’s guide is copyrighted by FALCOM GmbH with all rights
reserved. No part of this user’s guide may be produced in any form without the prior
written permission of FALCOM GmbH.
FALCOM GmbH.
No patent liability is assumed with respect to the use of the information contained
herein.
This confidential document is the property of FALCOM GmbH and may not be copied or circulated without permission.
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Fal-Ant-5
Version 1.01
0 INTRODUCTION
0.1 General
This manual describes the electrical, mechanical and environmental specifications
of the FALCOM device FAL-ANT-5. It contains information about purpose and
application area of the device.
The FAL-ANT-5 represents combined active GPS and Quad Band GSM
850/900/1800/1900 MHz antenna. The unit is designed for in-vehicle (windows
plane) mounting. The antenna is delivered with 2.5 m cable set with two FAKRA-SMBfemale connectors. The device can be connected directly to the FALCOM STEPPII
GSM/GPS terminal, but it can be used with any other equipment that provides the
proper electrical and mechanical antenna interfaces.
The compact form-factor, the sample installation and the excellent price/
performance are making out of the FAL-ANT-5 perfect accessory for vehicle tracking
systems as well as related applications.
Users are advised to quickly proceed to the “Security” chapter and read the hints
carefully.
This confidential document is the property of FALCOM GmbH and may not be copied or circulated without permission.
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Fal-Ant-5
Version 1.01
1 SECURITY
IMPORTANT FOR THE EFFICIENT AND SAFE OPERATION OF THIS ANTENNA. READ THIS
INFORMATION BEFORE USE !
1.1 GENERAL
The FAL-ANT-5 utilises the GSM standard for cellular technology. GSM is a newer radio
frequency (« RF ») technology than the current FM technology that has been used
for radio communications for decades. The GSM standard has been established for
use in the European community and elsewhere.
1.1.1
EXPOSURE TO RF ENERGY
There has been some public concern about possible health effects of using GSM or
GSM/GPS equipment. Although research on health effects from RF energy has
focused for many years on the current RF technology, scientists have begun
research regarding newer radio technologies, such as GSM. After existing research
had been reviewed, and after compliance to all applicable safety standards had
been tested, it has been concluded that the product is fit for use.
If you are concerned about exposure to RF energy there are things you can do to
minimise exposure. Obviously, limiting the duration of your calls will reduce your
exposure to RF energy. In addition, you can reduce RF exposure by operating your
cellular equipment efficiently by following the below guidelines.
1.1.2
EFFICIENT OPERATION
For your equipment to operate at the lowest power level, consistent with satisfactory
call quality:
Extend the antenna cable as long as possible verify.
Do not hold the antenna when it is « IN USE ». Holding the antenna affects call quality
and may cause the modem to operate at a higher power level than needed.
1.1.3
ANTENNA CARE
Do not use a damaged antenna. If a damaged antenna comes into contact with
the skin, a minor burn may result. Replace a damaged antenna immediately.
1.1.4
DRIVING
Do not install on the front windshields you can impair the sight of the driver.
1.1.5
ELECTRONIC DEVICES
Most electronic devices, for example in hospitals and motor vehicles are shielded
from RF energy. However RF energy may affect some malfunctioning or improperly
shielded electronic equipment.
1.1.6
VEHICLE ELECTRONIC EQUIPMENT
Check your vehicle manufacturer’s representative to determine if any on board
electronic equipment is adequately shielded from RF energy.
This confidential document is the property of FALCOM GmbH and may not be copied or circulated without permission.
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Fal-Ant-5
Version 1.01
1.1.7
MEDICAL ELECTRONIC EQUIPMENT
Consult the manufacturer of any personal medical devices (such as pacemakers,
hearing aids, etc...) to determine if they are adequately shielded from external RF
energy.
Do not use the antenna or turn your connected equipment OFF in health care
facilities when any regulations posted in the area instruct you to do so. Hospitals or
health care facilities may be using RF monitoring equipment.
1.1.8
AIRCRAFT
Do not use the antenna before boarding any aircraft.
Use it on the ground only with crew permission.
Do not use in the air.
To prevent possible interference with aircraft systems, Federal Aviation Administration
(FAA) regulations require you to have permission from a crew member to use the
antenna while the plane is on the ground. To prevent interference with cellular
systems, local RF regulations prohibit using your device whilst airborne.
1.1.9
CHILDREN
Do not allow children to play with your antenna. It is not a toy. Children could hurt
themselves or others (by poking themselves or others in the eye with the antenna, for
example). Children could damage the antenna.
1.1.10 BLASTING AREAS
To avoid interfering with blasting operations, turn your unit OFF when in a « blasting
area » or in areas posted : « turn off two-way radio ». Construction crew often use
remote control RF devices to set off explosives.
1.1.11 NON-IONISING RADIATION
As with other mobile radio transmitting equipment, users are advised that for
satisfactory operation and for the safety of personnel, it is recommended that no
part of the human body be allowed to come too close to the antenna during
operation of the equipment.
The antenna shall be mounted in such a position that no part of the human body will
normally rest close to any part of the antenna.
This confidential document is the property of FALCOM GmbH and may not be copied or circulated without permission.
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Fal-Ant-5
Version 1.01
2 INSTALLATION INSTRUCTIONS
1. With a cleaning-cloth (not included) clean the inner side of the car
windshield, where the antenna is supposed to be installed.
2. There is a sticked adhesive pad at the bottom side of the antenna head.
Remove the protecting sheet (yellow sticker) from the adhesive pad. (On
the figure below the adhesive pad is separated, but in the delivery
packing it will be sticked at the bottom side of the antenna head).
3. Place the adhesive pad of the FAL-ANT-5 on to cleaned area of the
windshield and press the other side of the antenna head to avoid air
bubbles.
4. The FAL-ANT-5 antenna with FAKRA-SMB-female connectors has two
different colours, the blue colour has to be connected to the GPS SMBmale antenna interface of the equipment and the bordeaux colour has to
be connected to the SMB-male antenna interface of the equipment.
Hints
♦
The transmitting/receiving side is on the bottom side of the antenna head.
♦
Proper functionality requires on-glass-mounting
♦
Do not install the device on metalized or coated windows
♦
To be installed inside the vehicle on the immovable windshields.
♦
Do not impair the sight of the driver !
♦
FAL-ANT-5 is not water resistant. Do not contact it to water.
This confidential document is the property of FALCOM GmbH and may not be copied or circulated without permission.
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Fal-Ant-5
Version 1.01
3 ANTENNA SPECIFICATIONS
3.1 Electrical specification of GPS antenna
Parameter
Specification
Frequency
1575 ± 3MHz
VSWR
< 1.4
Bandwidth
10 MHz min.
Impedance
50 Ω
Patch
25 mm X 25 mm X 2 mm
Gain Coverage
≥- 4 dBic at -90° ≤ 0 ≤ 90° (over 75% volume)
Polarization
Amplifier
RHCP
Gain without cable 17 dB typical
Noise Figure
1.2 dB typical
DC Voltage
DC 3 to 5 V
DC Current
3 mA max.
Table 1: Electrical specification for GPS antenna
3.2 Electrical specification of GSM/DCS/PCS antenna
Parameter
Frequency range
Specification
GSM 900
880 - 960 MHz
GSM 850
825 – 894 MHz
DCS 1800
1710 - 1880 MHz
GSM 1900
1850 – 1990 MHz
GSM 900
0 ~ 0.5 dBi
0 ~ 0.5 dBi
GSM 850
Peak Gain
VSWR
DCS 1800
0.5 ~ 1 dBi
GSM 1900
0.5 ~ 1 dBi
GSM 900
<2
GSM 850
<2
DCS 1800
<2
GSM 1900
<2
Polarization
Linear
Impedance
50 Ω
Table 2: Electrical specification for GSM/DCS antenna
This confidential document is the property of FALCOM GmbH and may not be copied or circulated without permission.
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Fal-Ant-5
Version 1.01
4 MECHANICAL SPECIFICATION
Parameter
Specification
Weight
≤ 99 gr.
Size
70 x 13 mm (diameter x high)
Cable
2.5 m RG174 standard
GSM/DCS connector
FAKRA SMB-female (bordeaux colour)
GPS connector
FAKRA SMB-female (blue colour)
Mounting
Adhesive pad base
Housing Color
Black
Table 3: Mechanical specification of FAL-ANT-5
4.1 Environmental Specification
Parameter
Specification
Operating Temperature
-40 °C < T < +85 °C
Storage Temperature
-40 °C < T < +85 °C
Vibration
Sine Sweep, 1 G(0-P), 10-150-10 MHz each axis
Humidity
95% ~ 100% RH
Table 4: Environmental specification of FAL-ANT-5
This confidential document is the property of FALCOM GmbH and may not be copied or circulated without permission.
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