SEI Annual Report 2005

SEI Annual Report 2005

Annual Report

2005

Our mission is to promote and assist the development of sustainable energy in Ireland

Sustainable Energy Ireland

Glasnevin

Dublin 9

Ireland t +353 1 836 9080 f +353 1 837 2848 e [email protected]

w www.sei.ie

This publication is printed on environmentally friendly paper

Sustainable Energy Ireland is funded by the Irish Government under the National Development Plan 2000-2006 with programmes part financed by the European Union

Contents

Chairperson’s Statement

Chief Executive’s Review

Strategic Drivers/SEI Priority Areas

1. Renewable Energy

1.1 Renewable Energy Research, Development and Demonstration (RERD&D)

1.2 Grid Upgrade Development

1.3 Combined Heat and Power (CHP)

1.4 Bioenergy

2. The Built Environment

2.1. House of Tomorrow

2.2 Home Energy Rating

2.3 Public Sector

2.4 Low-Income Housing

3. Industrial Energy

3.1 Industry Agreements

3.2 Large Industry Energy Network (LIEN)

3.3 Technology Promotion

4. The Consumer

4.1 Consumer Awareness

4.2 Renewable Energy Information Office (REIO)

4.3 Education Programme

5. Policy Advice and Support

5.1 Policy Advice and Support to Government and State Agencies

5.2 EU R&D Co-ordination

5.3 International Collaboration

5.4 Support Activities to Associate Organisations

5.5 Energy Statistics

Governance

The Board

Administrative Report

Publications in 2005

Approved Projects

Financial Statements

Statement on the System of Internal Financial Control

Statement of Board Responsibilities

Report of the Comptroller and Auditor General

Accounting Policies

Income and Expenditure Account

Balance Sheet

Notes to the Financial Statements

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Chairperson’s Statement

‘May you live in interesting times.’ In 2005, this familiar

Chinese curse became ever more relevant. Oil and gas prices continued to move upwards. The geopolitics of the

Middle East continued to ensure that for the foreseeable future we have a prospect of supply interruption from the part of the world where most of the world’s remaining low cost oil is located. And so price ‘spikes’ seem to be in our future.

In this increasingly uncertain world, what should we do?

More energy conservation and increased use of renewables are at the heart of the solution. Energy conservation means saving energy where the costs of doing so are less than the benefits. Renewables development likewise means increasing the share of renewables where the benefits exceed the costs. To do this coherently and in the national interest means having relevant and up to date knowledge about current cost, energy and environmental performance, understanding the constraints inhibiting rational progress and how to relax them, knowing what are the options and their effectiveness, and how to exercise them. It is Sustainable

Energy Ireland’s job to address these dimensions so as to make it as easy as possible for everyone – householders, industry, the construction industry, the public sector, farmers, those in commerce and transport – to act positively in regard to renewable development and energy conservation.

It is also our task to inform the development and implementation of government policies in these areas.

This annual report provides ample evidence of our commitment to meet what is now a crucial national priority.

I am pleased and proud of what we have achieved in 2005, but conscious also that the future will not be like the past, and that the demands will intensify and they will change.

We are pleased that in the corporate world energy as a preoccupation has moved from the boiler to the board room, and that the public are also taking this issue more seriously, both as a financial challenge and as a matter of social and environmental responsibility. In the future we intend to intensify our engagements with the public.

I would like to thank Minister Dempsey and his officials for creating and sustaining the positive and exciting context in which we jointly work to meet these challenges. I am grateful also to the various public and private stakeholders with whom we engage on a daily basis in a shared commitment to make Ireland an exemplar for the world in energy conservation and renewables development. I salute the public as they too work with us to meet the manifold challenges and opportunities in energy conservation and renewables development. Finally, and most importantly, on behalf of the board, I would like to acknowledge the tremendous work of our CEO, management and staff, who continue to meet expanding and intensifying demands with professionalism, imagination and good cheer. And we look forward to ever more interesting times ahead.

Frank J. Convery

Chairperson

Chief Executive’s Review

The external environment in which SEI operated in 2005 was characterised by higher and more volatile energy prices. SEI contributed to the growing institutional, business and public awareness of the long-term economic and environmental impact of Ireland’s high reliance on imported fossil fuel energy. The publication of Security of

Supply Metrics and Energy in Ireland 1990–2004 by SEI’s

Energy Policy Statistical Support Unit provided additional insights and citable facts for the wider energy community.

Significant regulatory developments in 2005 included the establishment of the EU Emissions Trading Scheme, the ratification of the Kyoto Protocol and the commitment of the

EU to the preparation of a Green Paper on Energy Efficiency.

SEI is assisting industry in formulating a structured strategic response to these developments. The Industry Programme championed the development of Energy Management

Standard IS 393 and the formulation of voluntary agreements with industry. I represent SEI on the National Allocation

Advisory Group, which advises the EPA on the allocation of emission allowances to the trading sector. In its submission to Government on the EU Green Paper on Energy Efficiency,

SEI warmly endorsed the Commission’s initiative and welcomed the additional policy focus on energy efficiency.

Effective government programmes work with market forces, and one of SEI’s most successful programmes in 2005 was the House of Tomorrow Programme. It has captured the interest of developers and suppliers alike and has enhanced the consumer appeal and affordability of energy-efficient homes. The programme has seen a significant increase in activity over the last 12 months as the rate of commitment of funds to projects increased three-fold in 2005.

SEI also facilitated the consultation process on Ireland’s draft plan for the implementation of the Energy Performance of

Buildings Directive. That process, and the promotional campaign to create awareness of the Directive, has resulted in Home Energy Rating being explicitly included in the marketing mix of several home providers and manufacturers.

SEI has been working with technology suppliers to establish a network that will promote the use of energy-efficient products in buildings.

One of the important milestones for renewable energy policy was achieved in 2005. As of December 2005, 493 MW of wind power was connected to the Republic of Ireland electricity system, almost 240MW of this was connected during 2005, making it a record year for new wind farm connections. In spite of the difficulties encountered in 2004, the market appetite for investment in wind-generated electricity continued to grow. A further 225MW of wind farms with signed connection agreements are contracted to connect during 2006.

SEI, working with Action Renewables in Northern Ireland, prepared a draft consultation paper on renewable energy based electricity in an all-island context. Released by

Ministers North and South as a ‘Vision for 2020’, it received a warm welcome and a large number of well-informed responses. SEI compiled the responses and released them at year end.

Despite these successes, it is clear that integrated approaches rooted in spatial planning and transport provision are essential if Irish society is to respond rationally in a future of higher energy prices. Working with key stakeholders in

Dundalk, SEI has articulated a vision – ‘Dundalk 2020’ – that demonstrates what administrative support and market approaches can achieve in promoting sustainable energy.

The commissioning in 2005 of the SEI-supported wind turbine at the Dundalk Institute of Technology provides powerful symbolic and practical evidence of intent.

The year closed with the Minister for Finance’s Budget 2006 announcement of the five-year a65 million renewable energy support programme, which SEI was designated to deliver. The highest-profile element is the a25–27 million Domestic

Renewable Heat Programme, which will present a significant and very welcome challenge to SEI in 2006. Additional funding of a2 million has been allocated to SEI’s Low-Income

Housing Programme through the Department of Social and

Family Affairs.

One of the most satisfying aspects of working in the sustainable energy area is the value our clients place on our work. The public service ethos of SEI challenges us to meet an ever-growing appetite for information, advice and support.

The goal of SEI is to make the best use of the resources entrusted to it so as to engage the wide variety of business, institutional and public entities that will ultimately deliver the sustainable energy economy to which we are all committed.

I would like to express my thanks to my colleagues in SEI, to the Board of SEI and to all of those who have joined us in promoting sustainable energy in Ireland.

David Taylor

Chief Executive Officer

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Strategic Drivers

Renewable Energy

Renewable Energy Research, Development and Demonstration (RERD&D)

Grid Upgrade Development

Combined Heat and Power (CHP)

Bioenergy

The Built Environment

House of Tomorrow

Home Energy Rating

Public Sector

Low-Income Housing

Industrial Energy

Agreements

Large Industry Energy Network (LIEN)

Technology Promotion

The Consumer

Consumer Awareness

Renewable Energy Information Office (REIO)

Schools Programme

Policy Advice and Support

Policy Advice and Support to Government/External Engagement

EU R&D Co-ordination

External Collaboration

Support Activities to Associate Organisations

Energy Statistics

Matrix of programmes assisting SEI in delivering its policy goals

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SEI Priority Areas

Renewable Energy

Renewable energy is capable of supplying clean, economical heat and power. Renewable sources of energy offer sustainable alternatives to our dependency on fossil fuels, a means of reducing harmful greenhouse emissions and opportunities to reduce our reliance on imported fuels.

Ongoing research and investment support, through SEI programmes, helps establish the conditions for the large-scale use of wind, ocean and bioenergy technologies.

The Consumer

SEI provides targeted information to heighten consumer awareness of the environmental impacts of energy use and to provide information on options for greater sustainability.

The focus is placed on informing consumers of their individual capacity to reduce energy consumption. Investment opportunities in sustainable energy technologies are also highlighted. Education of the very youngest members of society is pursued through an active curriculum-based schools programme.

The Built Environment

Within the built environment, SEI targets the residential sector, small companies, and public buildings such as local offices and schools in its promotion of energy efficiency. Various supports are provided to promote sustainable energy practices in Irish housing. These include model demonstration projects that have the potential for market influence and replication.

Emphasis is placed on the pre-1980 housing stock, with accompanying measures for low-income householders and the promotion of building energy rating. Public-good research is conducted to guide policy and identify deficiencies and barriers to energy performance improvements.

Industrial Energy

SEI works in co-operation with Irish industry to reduce the energy intensity of the enterprise sector and helps Irish industry to adopt new and more effective approaches to managing energy costs.

Industry programmes support measures to address market failure through (i) provision of information, (ii) verification and demonstration and (iii) certification and benchmarking. SEI hosts initiatives for medium-sized industrial enterprises on the acceptance of best practice by way of recognised standards and supported by certification.

Policy Advice and Support

SEI provides policy advice and support to the Minister for

Communications, Marine and Natural Resources, the

Department of Communications, Marine and Natural Resources

(DCMNR), other ministers and government departments, as well as energy suppliers and users. In fulfilling this obligation, SEI produces proposals and options to meet existing and potential government policies and sustainable energy targets; in addition, it responds to queries from, and provides briefing and related services to, government departments and ministers.

SEI is also responsible for developing and maintaining comprehensive national and sectoral statistics for energy production, transformation and end-use.

SEI Management Team

Back row from left: Declan Meally, Tom Halpin, Morgan Bazilian,

Kevin O’Rourke.

Front row from left: Katrina Polaski, David Taylor (CEO),

Majella Kelleher.

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Renewable Energy

1.1 Renewable Energy Research,

Development & Demonstration

(RERD&D) Programme

The goal of the RERD&D Programme is to accelerate the deployment rate of renewable energy technology in the Irish market. This is achieved by providing support for product R&D, market demonstration activity and studies to investigate market barriers.

This programme provides support for technologies to harness wind and ocean energy, an example being wind turbine component manufacturing. Through support for technology demonstrators, such as in the area of liquid biofuels, information is gained regarding their cost and potential to contribute to Ireland’s strategic energy goals. The programme also supports public-good studies that provide assistance to renewable energy sectors in Ireland. Research in this area covers topics such as resource, economic and technical market studies.

2005 Expenditure: a2.4 million

Key Achievements in 2005

Construction work on the Termonbarry Low Head Hydro Project on the river

Shannon began in 2005, with construction of a coffer dam completed by

November 2005. The project, which will produce 440kW of electrical power, uses a unique combination of Irish-designed turbines and low-visual-impact design to integrate the project into the existing weir structure at Termonbarry.

It is hoped that this example of environmentally friendly hydropower design can be replicated at other visually sensitive sites.

The design, construction and installation of an integrated renewable energy system for the Inchydoney Hotel were completed in 2005. The project incorporates 80m

2 of solar thermal panels to provide hot water for the hotel and 3 x 150kW KWB wood-pellet biomass boilers to provide heating. The biomass system includes a wood-pellet storage facility that can store 25 tonnes of fuel. The facility will require 350 tonnes of wood pellets per annum.

With additional energy-saving modifications, the facility is expected to reduce annual CO

2 emissions by approximately 520 tonnes.

Hydam is developing a wave energy concept, following a recommended

Wave Energy Development Protocol that outlines a structured development path for ocean energy technology. The Protocol is designed to minimise the risk and cost associated with the development of ocean energy systems.

Hydam has completed the first step of this protocol by developing a theoretical model of the concept. This model will allow the device to be optimised by computer, resulting in an improved energy performance and improved profitability for the design at minimum cost.

Case Study: the Greenblade Project (Carraroe, Co. Galway)

The global wind turbine blade market is now worth close to a1 billion a year, with an annual growth rate of 10% forecast.

Gaoth Tec Teo is developing the

Greenblade, a new thermoplastic composite wind turbine blade that will be

24% cheaper to manufacture than existing blades. The blade will be lighter and more impact-resistant than existing blades. The use of thermoplastic materials ensures that the turbine blade will be

100% recyclable and will produce zero emissions to the atmosphere during processing. To demonstrate the concept, a set of 12m-long blades will be manufactured and tested on a wind turbine. Gaoth Tec has completed the design and construction of the manufacturing tool and has constructed sample blades to validate the manufacturing processes.

As part of this project, Mitsubishi Heavy

Industries Ltd. has provided sample blade sections to assist with the design of the aerofoil profile. Following structural testing of the turbine blades, Gaoth Tec will deliver the blades to Mitsubishi for wind trials on an existing wind turbine. In this way, the performance of the Greenblade can be compared directly with that of a conventional turbine blade.

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1.2 Grid Upgrade Development Programme

The main objectives of the Grid Upgrade Development Programme (GUDP) involve removing the strong disincentives associated with being the first renewable energy project in an area with poor electricity infrastructure. The focus is on optimising the electrical infrastructure available in the target area.

This programme aims to address the grid constraints encountered in areas that are unsuitable for small and medium-sized renewable electricity and

CHP generator connection. The DCMNR is responsible for the implementation of the programme. SEI assists, where required, in its implementation and participated in the steering group.

Programme elements include:

• Developing a focused programme to extend and reinforce the grid infrastructure for renewables

• Examining the impact of wind-generated electricity, and the effects of interconnection, on the network

• Committing funds to upgrade the distribution and transmission network

2005 Expenditure: Responsibility of the DCMNR

Key Achievements in 2005

The main connection assets for the Corderry

Cluster in Co. Leitrim have been constructed and commissioned.

Three wind farm projects totalling 18.36MW have been connected and are operational (Altagowlan,

Black Banks II and Moneenatieve). Two other wind farms, Geevagh and Caranne Hill, are scheduled to be connected in February and June 2006, respectively.

The DCMNR reached an agreement with the

Commission of Energy Regulation to apply GUDP funding to the Group Processing Scheme, which was put in place to deal with the connection application backlog.

GUDP funding has been committed for 192MW in connection capacity.

Case Study: All-Island Grid Study

On 25 July 2005 the Governments of the

Republic of Ireland and Northern Ireland jointly issued a preliminary consultation paper on an all-island ‘2020 Vision’ for renewable energy. The paper sought views on the development of a joint strategy for the provision of renewable-energy-sourced electricity within the all-island energy market up to 2020 and beyond, so that consumers, North and South, continue to benefit from access to sustainable energy supplies provided at a competitive cost.

Views were sought on how the electricity infrastructure on the island might best be developed to allow the maximum penetration of renewable energy.

An All-island Grid Study Steering Group was established to specify and oversee the completion of studies and recommended an all-island grid study composed of the following work-streams:

• Investigating the renewables resource issues for 2020 and reporting on the details of the renewable resource mix to meet a range of options

• Investigating to what extent nondispatchable or partially dispatchable generation can be accommodated in the all-island system with regard to variability and predictability

• Investigating network development options for a range of renewable generation penetration levels

• Investigating the economic and stakeholder impact and benefits of various renewable generation levels

SEI has participated in the steering group for the all-island grid study and is assisting the group in developing the tender specifications and issuing the call for tenders.

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1.3 CHP

Combined heat and power (CHP) is the simultaneous generation of usable heat and electricity in a single process. The CHP programme aims to increase awareness of the benefits of CHP and encourage financiers to support CHP projects, ultimately stimulating the uptake of the technology.

SEI’s CHP programme strategy incorporates elements such as the evaluation of district heating potential in Ireland and feasibility studies/pilot plans for innovative CHP projects. It provides support for the regulatory and legislative treatment of CHP and assists the Government in the development of a CHP policy.

2005 Expenditure: a0.08 million

Key Achievements in 2005

The CHP Strategy Group submitted its final report to the DCMNR in December

2005. The final report includes inputs from a wide range of interested parties and provides a roadmap for the implementation of Government policy and action on CHP-related issues.

The report includes recommendations for the following areas:

• The optimal environments in which to install CHP plants in order to maximise potential energy efficiencies

• The policy options and support mechanisms available to Government to stimulate increased and appropriate use of CHP

• Specific recommendations for actions that would increase the penetration of CHP at appropriate locations/installations in Ireland

• Suggestions for the implementation of a national policy on CHP, based on staged, achievable targets

SEI has also promoted awareness of CHP by developing a guide to CHP technology and an interactive online program designed to facilitate site-specific evaluation of CHP as an energy-saving solution.

Case Study: Grainger Sawmills Ltd.

SEI’s RERD&D programme supported the operation of Ireland’s first biomass CHP plant in Grainger’s Sawmills in Co. Cork. It committed a0.73 million to support construction of the plant.

This CHP plant is fired using sawmill residues and is designed to generate

1.83MW of electrical energy and 3.5MW of thermal energy in a single process. The thermal output is used for drying of construction timber in the sawmill kilns.

The 1.83MW of green electricity will be sold to the national grid.

Before construction began on the project,

SEI supported a feasibility study to examine the viability of using the sawmill’s residues (sawdust, bark, peelings and shavings) to generate electricity and heat. The assessment addressed the following issues:

• Detailed evaluation of the existing energy requirements

• Identification of potentially technically feasible options for a CHP plant, including steam combustion technology

• Detailed technical, environmental and economic assessment of the technology options

• Assessment of the financial, commercial and economic aspects of the proposed options

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1.4 Bioenergy

The objective of SEI’s Bioenergy Programme includes stimulating the uptake of liquid biofuels in transport fuel supply and examining their potential for application in Ireland. Options aimed at the market stimulation of biofuels, such as the

Pilot Excise Relief Programme, are being put in place or are under consideration in Ireland.

Key Achievements in 2005

The Pilot Excise Relief Programme was introduced in 2005, and eight projects were granted full excise duty relief over two years for specified annual production. The programme outputs included the installation of an E85 (85% ethanol: 15% petrol) pump and the introduction of flexible fuel vehicles to the

Irish market. SEI supported the DCMNR on the Pilot Excise Relief award scheme, both on the selection panel and in debriefing meetings with unsuccessful applicants.

SEI supported the establishment of an interdepartmental steering group

(consisting of the DCMNR and the Departments of Agriculture, Transport,

Environment and Finance) to advise on the Policy Incentive Options for Liquid

Biofuels study.

Case Study: Liquid Biofuels Strategy Study

The SEI Liquid Biofuels Strategy Study for

Ireland examined the options for implementation of the EU Biofuels

Directive of 2003. The study also identified a number of policy support options that could be introduced to stimulate the introduction of biofuels to Ireland’s transport fuels supply.

The tender specification called for a review of policy support options both within the EU and beyond. Ecofys b.v. from the Netherlands was selected as the preferred tender. The work was completed by the end of December 2005. The two options selected for detailed review were

(i) an excise duty with subsidy and (ii) an administrative obligation (transport fuel suppliers to the Irish market would be obliged to ensure that a set percentage of their annual fuel supply consisted of biofuels) with a certification system.

As part of the study, a workshop was held in September 2005 to which a broad spectrum of stakeholders, including biofuels producers and transport fuel suppliers, were invited.

The report will be published in the first quarter of 2006.

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The Built Environment

2.1 House of Tomorrow RD&D

Programme

The House of Tomorrow Programme stimulates the widespread uptake of more sustainable energy planning, design, specification and construction practices in both the new home building and the home improvement markets.

The House of Tomorrow Programme funds demonstration projects to create a nationwide network of accessible, replicable model examples of more sustainable energy practices in Irish housing.

2005 Expenditure: a2.95 million

Key Achievements in 2005

Over 1,500 new homes were approved, bringing the total to over 3,000 units across 64 projects located in 23 counties, and representing a funding

A balanced technology portfolio has emerged, including condensing oil and gas boilers, solar heating, heat pumps, biomass boilers, group heating, and mechanical-ventilation heat recovery systems.

A revised call for proposals, which was launched in June, focused on higherquality innovative projects in the private housing sector, subject to an of renewable energy technologies, in particular the use of solar water heating and biomass heating appliances.

Two significant research studies were completed: (i) a pilot survey of the energy performance of the Irish housing stock and (ii) a detailed technical and market review of domestic hot water heating options.

Under the Sustainable Energy in Buildings Network (SEBNet) initiative, the company survey and data gathering work was completed for a sustainable energy building products directory.

Case Study: Wexford County Council – Low-Energy, Low-CO

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Social Housing Scheme, Oilgate

Wexford County Council secured funding of a140,000 towards the cost of its lowenergy social housing scheme in Oilgate,

Co. Wexford. The development comprises

28 masonry-built semi-detached dwellings for occupation by low-income families. Each house has its own woodpellet stove for central heating and solar panels for domestic hot water. These houses are over 40% more efficient than houses built to the minimum requirements of the Building Regulations

2002, bringing correspondingly lower energy bills for the tenants.

The active solar heating system, a technology that uses solar collector panels to transform sunlight into heat, will provide over 60% of the domestic hot water heating free of charge. It is estimated that the wood-pellet heating system will be about 40% cheaper to run than conventional oil-fired systems.

Overall savings of 50% on energy bills are expected. CO

2 emissions for space heating and hot water will be reduced by about

80%.

Insulation levels in attics, walls and floors exceed the requirements of the 2002

Building Regulations. The development also uses strategic tree planting to maximise shelter.

A detailed monitoring and postoccupancy evaluation programme is planned by Wexford Energy Agency with the support of SEI, to measure the impact and benefits of the energy efficiency measures. An evaluation of the results will be available in 2006.

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2.2 Home Energy Rating and the EU Energy Performance of Buildings Directive

The primary focus of this programme is to prepare for and enable the successful implementation of the EU Energy Performance of Buildings

Directive (EPBD) in Ireland. A key element is to address the need for a comprehensive, nationally recognised building energy rating system aimed at making energy efficiency an explicit factor in building transactions and renovation decisions.

Residential and non-residential buildings account for over 40% of all energyrelated CO

2 emissions. The EPBD is a major policy response to this challenge and contains a range of provisions aimed at improving the energy performance of both new and existing buildings.

Under the EPBD, the owner must provide a building energy rating when buildings are constructed, sold or rented. In Ireland, this is expected to impact on over 150,000 transactions annually in the residential sector alone. The energy rating is to be accompanied by an advisory report that will identify the most effective means of improving the energy performance of the building.

The EPBD also requires that steps be taken to improve the efficiency of boilers and air-conditioning systems and that the feasibility of alternative energy systems be assessed for buildings over 1,000m 2 before they are constructed.

2005 Expenditure: a0.30 million

Key Achievements in 2005

The EPBD Working Group is responsible for planning and developing Ireland’s response to the

EU EPBD. This Working Group comprises senior officials drawn from the Department of the

Environment, Heritage & Local Government, the

DCMNR and SEI. A Draft Action Plan, published by

SEI for public consultation, sets out the tasks, responsibilities and timescales for implementing the EPBD requirements in Ireland. SEI organised a series of public information evenings around the country to raise awareness of the EPBD and to invite feedback on the draft plan. Written submissions were received from 66 interested parties, including professional associations, public authorities, engineers and architects. A revised

Action Plan will be published in 2006.

EU member states were required to transpose the

EPBD into national legislation by 4 January 2006.

The requirements have mostly been transposed into Irish legislation.

Case Study: The delivery of public-good research

In 2005 SEI commissioned a number of strategic studies to inform and facilitate the proposed implementation of the

EPBD in Ireland. Studies included were:

• The development of a national methodology and prototype software for calculating the energy performance of Irish dwellings

• The development of a software tool to assist designers in assessing the feasibility of alternative energy systems in large new buildings prior to construction

• A review of current practices regarding inspection of air-conditioning systems in

Ireland

In total, EPBD-related presentations were made at 46 events, which were attended by over 2,200 people.

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2.3 Public Sector

The Public Sector Programme promotes energyefficient design, technologies and services in new and retrofit public sector projects. Under this programme, the energy performance of public sector buildings is enhanced through improved design, investment and management.

The programme supports projects that act as examples of good practice. It recognises the diversity of buildings and the potential for improvement, and it has the capacity to influence other sectors of the economy. The programme has three funding elements:

• The Design Study Support Scheme provides support for professional expertise to examine the technical and economic feasibility of design and technology solutions

• The Model Solutions Investment Support

Scheme supports energy management and technology solutions in existing buildings and new build specifications

• The Energy Management Bureau supports outsourced energy management services to manage energy usage and to identify and implement energy-related projects

2005 Expenditure: a1.79 million

Key Achievements in 2005

A total of 50 projects under the Model Solutions Investment Support Scheme were completed by the end of December 2005, and a further eighteen Model

Solutions projects are well advanced. Evaluation of performance-in-use of the first ten of these projects is well advanced.

Projects completed in 2005 include the new civic offices for Kildare County

Council in Naas and the installation of an 850kW wind turbine in Dundalk.

The 12,500m 2 Naas County Council offices are designed to minimise energy consumption through the use of daylight and natural ventilation and by avoiding mechanical cooling where possible. The energy efficiency improvement is estimated to be about 70% better than good practice.

Dundalk Institute of Technology (DKIT) completed the installation of an

850kW wind turbine that meets all of the electricity needs of DKIT. In addition to the environmental and economic benefits, the wind turbine will be used as an educational resource for students, enabling them to study the engineering principles involved and to undertake research in the general area of wind turbine electricity generation. This is the first visible example of a significant wind turbine in an urban environment close to a busy thoroughfare.

The e3 Energy Management Bureau, developed by SEI, provides specialised services to four of Ireland’s largest third-level institutions, with a focus on achieving economies in energy consumption and costs. Dublin Institute of

Technology, Trinity College Dublin, Dublin City University and University

College Dublin cut their energy bills by 6.3% and achieved energy savings of

Case Study:‘Energy-Efficient Buildings – Performance in Practice’

This conference was held in University

College Cork (UCC) in November and highlighted the benefits to clients and investors of superior energy performance solutions in buildings. The results of a review of six Model Solutions Investment

Support Scheme projects were presented.

The design targets and actual energy-use values were compared, and lessons learned from the Public Sector

Programme were discussed.

Delegates heard about the European

Municipal Buildings Climate Campaign, aimed at introducing the concept of building energy labelling. The conference reviewed current practice and discussed the likely impacts of the EPBD in respect of building energy labelling and airconditioning inspection. International speakers also illustrated how energyeffective lighting, air-leakage testing and improved heating, ventilation and airconditioning operation contribute to enhanced building performance.

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2.4 Low-Income Housing Programme

Fuel poverty has a major impact on people’s lives

– in terms of affordable comfort, health and the quality of the home – and is experienced in private and social housing alike, both urban and rural. SEI’s Low-Income Housing Programme (LIH) targets those homes that experience fuel poverty.

Low-income householders are unable to afford the capital investment measures that would improve the energy quality of their homes. SEI’s

LIH Programme was set up to help establish and implement a national plan of action to address this problem systematically. Core delivery is through its Warmer Homes Scheme aimed at improving the energy efficiency and comfort conditions of affected homes.

2005 Expenditure: a1.42 million

Key Achievements in 2005

In total, the programme addressed 1,813 dwellings in 2005, implementing substantial measures such as attic insulation, draught-proofing, lagging jackets, energy-efficient lighting, cavity wall insulation and energy advice.

Four further community-based installer agencies, in Counties Westmeath,

Mayo, Galway and Leitrim, were approved for funding. This brings the total number of installer agencies operating under the scheme to twelve. Two of the installer agencies were approved for additional funding to provide cavity wall insulation and successfully commenced the provision of this service in 2005.

Over 8,000 homes have been improved under the Warmer Homes Scheme to

December 2005. A central database for tracking all work done by the groups and the material costs incurred is operational.

In addition, a private sector pilot project, which engages private sector installers to deliver a full complement of insulation measures, was delivered to 65 homes in Dundalk. The feasibility of increasing the capacity and pace of the scheme is being explored.

SEI, together with a number of government departments and agencies, is involved in a research project investigating the impacts of undertaking energy efficiency improvements in low-income households.

Case Study – Kerry’s Energy Efficiency Service

Cúnamh Energy Action was one of four community-based organisations set up in

1996 to install energy efficiency measures under a Regional Pilot Scheme funded by

SEI (then the Irish Energy Centre).

Following the pilot scheme, Cúnamh secured ongoing funding from several different sources, including Kerry County

Council, Tralee Town Council, Partnership

Trá Lí and the Southern Health Board, enabling it to sustain its operations.

In 2002, Cúnamh successfully applied for funding through the Government’s Social

Economy Programme, securing funding from FÁS for ten staff and a manager. It was the first organisation to be awarded funding through SEI’s Warmer Homes

Scheme launched in February 2003. This was awarded on the basis of a two-year agreement with SEI, and was renewed for a further year in 2005.

The company currently provides a range of services, including the installation of attic insulation, draught-proofing, hot water cylinder jackets, low-energy lamps and the delivery of energy advice (the

‘standard package’), as well as the installation of cavity wall insulation.

These services are primarily provided to low-income households living in Tralee and surrounding areas.

During 2005, Cúnamh completed 145 standard package measures and 155 cavity wall insulation installations.

Following two inspections, which achieved a high pass rating, Cúnamh was awarded Accredited Installer Status by

Eaga Partnership Ltd., the SEI managing agent responsible for quality. Cúnamh is the first organisation in Ireland to achieve this status.

13

Industrial Energy

3.1 Industry Agreements

SEI has developed an Energy Agreements programme for large industry, based on the new Irish Energy Management Standard, IS 393. IS 393 was developed jointly by the National Standards Authority of Ireland (NSAI) and

SEI and was launched in October 2005.

The objective of this programme is to support firms in protecting their competitiveness in the context of high and rising energy prices. The programme provides firms with the opportunity to apply a structured approach to reducing costs through an agreed schedule of energy efficiency measures over a three year period.

Participating firms are required to obtain and retain certification to IS 393 and to implement the Standard in a way that will maximise its impact. In return, SEI offers tailormade support in obtaining certification status.

IS 393 covers all aspects of a company’s approach to managing energy, and in particular requires that senior management be directly involved in establishing and supporting far-reaching policies on energy and emissions.

It puts in place the structures and processes necessary to yield significant savings in energy usage, associated costs and greenhouse gas emissions.

Participation in SEI’s Energy Agreements ensures a fully strategic approach to energy management, progressively yielding cost-effective reductions in operating costs and improved profitability. Additionally, it facilitates compliance with environmental management obligations, such as ISO

14001 and the energy component of Integrated Pollution Prevention and

Control licensing.

2005 expenditure: a0.2 million

Key Achievements in 2005

In view of the significant benefits seen by

Aughinish Alumina Ltd. through implementing a formalised energy management system, SEI undertook to facilitate the fast uptake of IS 393.

During 2005, SEI began to roll out the programme and successfully recruited the first group of eight companies into its initial phase. The companies are: Astellas, Glanbia, Heinz, Intel, Lagan Cement,

Pfizer (Loughbeg), Pfizer (Little Island) and Xerox.

Case Study: The Development of IS 393

The new Irish Energy Management

Standard (IS 393 Energy Management

Systems – Requirements with Guidance for Use) was developed by NSAI, in collaboration with SEI and a taskforce whose members were drawn from industry, the Environmental Protection

Agency and the DCMNR. IS 393 was launched in October 2005 and was recognised as one of the fastest Irish

Standards produced. It now forms the basis for SEI’s Energy Agreements

Programme. In 2006 SEI will develop an accreditation process for IS 393 through the Irish National Accreditation Board.

The Standard provides a structured framework for organisations to maximise the opportunities associated with effective energy management. It is based on the Deming Plan-Do–Check–Act cycle, which is employed in ISO 14001 and ISO

9000 management systems. IS 393 is modelled on DS 2403, the Danish Energy

Management System. Evidence from the

Danish Energy Agency would suggest that ‘a company reduces its energy consumption by 10 to 15 per cent during the first years of implementation’.

Shortly after the new Standard was launched, SEI received news that the

European Commission planned the development of a European Standard based on the Danish, Swedish and Irish

Standards. It is believed that CEN will develop the new European Standard within the next 1–2 years.

14

3.2 LIEN

The Large Industry Energy Network (LIEN) is a voluntary networking initiative comprising 85 of the largest industrial energy users in Ireland. These companies are committed to reducing their energy usage on an individual basis and recognise the benefits of collaborating with other organisations.

LIEN members recognise that a structured approach to energy auditing and management is a valuable tool for driving energy efficiency.

The main elements of the LIEN programme are:

• Reporting energy performance progress and setting realistic targets

• Sharing information and experience to achieve best practice. This is implemented through workshops, networking events, the delivery of courses and the dissemination of case study information

• Improving competitiveness by reducing energy costs

• Helping companies to meet their environmental and regulatory requirements

2005 expenditure: a0.1 million

Key Achievements in 2005

LIEN membership accounts for 51.3% of industrial primary energy requirements and almost 9.3% of national primary energy requirements.

The 85 member companies of the network have a mean energy spend of

In September 2005 Mr Noel Dempsey TD, Minister for Communications,

Marine and Natural Resources, launched the 2004 LIEN annual report.

This report concluded that members saved approximately 483.82 GWh during the year, with a consequential reduction in CO

2 emissions of nearly

133,589 tonnes.

The success of the initiative has been considerable, with an estimated 580,000 tonnes of CO

2 emissions avoided due to the energy efficiency measures taken by the members over the 10 years of the scheme.

Six workshops and seminars were organised for members during the course of the year. SEI plans to continue developing the network, which continues to attract new members, and several major companies have shown an interest in joining.

Case Study: LIEN – 10 Years of Achievement

In 2005 the LIEN celebrated its 10th year of members reporting their energy usage.

LIEN members have acknowledged how

SEI’s approach helps organisations focus on energy budgets and the economic benefits of maximising energy efficiencies.

To recognise this achievement, SEI published an Energy Successes Case

Study document. The case studies featured provide an indication of the types of projects being implemented, though they represent only a small amount of the good work being done.

Case studies were provided on organisations including Baxter Healthcare

S.A., Dairygold Co-operative Society,

Dublin Airport Authority and Pfizer Ireland

Pharmaceuticals.

An LIEN Communication and Influencing

Workshop took place in February 2005.

This workshop recognised the challenges faced by energy managers when presenting project proposals to senior management. Further workshops were dedicated to biomass and to monitoring and targeting.

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3.3 Technology Promotion – Energy

Efficiency Promotion and Awareness

Rising energy costs and concerns regarding the security of energy supplies have highlighted the importance of, and the need for, energy efficiency and energy management. Energy-efficient clean technologies have a large part to play in this regard and can deliver benefits for economic competitiveness and climate change. The

Technology Promotion Programme helps to inform organisations about best-practice energy efficiency solutions and strategies that can lead to a sustainable competitive advantage.

The Programme’s awareness-raising activities are delivered by various means, including the

Sustainable Energy Awards, training courses, speaking engagements, and the publication of good-practice guides and studies.

2005 expenditure: a0.2 million

Key Achievements in 2005

During 2005, 158 people attended eleven training courses that were run in both Dublin and Cork. The courses were on five different topics: Boiler

Efficiency, Energy Auditing, Energy-Efficient Lighting, Energy Management, and Refrigeration.

In past years, the information and awareness-raising activities that were delivered through this programme focused largely on the industrial sector in

Ireland. During 2005, SEI started to engage successfully with the hotel sector through the Irish Hotels Federation (IHF) and the Irish Hospitality Institute

(IHI). At the IHF’s ‘Showtel’ conference, SEI launched Managing Energy –

A Strategic Guide for Hotels. SEI is also supporting the IHI’s ‘Greening Irish

Hotels’ initiative, which has engaged 53 hotels to develop an environmental and energy management programme. SEI assisted in the production of a best-practice energy action plan and spoke at eleven workshops during 2005.

Best-practice case studies are to be published during 2006.

Despite this range of benefits, there have been low rates of adoption for demand-side management (DSM) initiatives in Ireland. A number of factors have contributed to this, in particular a lack of infrastructure (metering and settlement) and a low level of residential competition for electricity supply.

The need for further research was identified in the area of metering options, and SEI is considering the design and piloting of a customer-initiated DSM scheme in Ireland. Market conditions will change with the introduction of an all-island market for energy, which may assist in the development of retail competition at the domestic level.

Case Study: The Sustainable Energy Awards

The annual Sustainable Energy Awards are intended to encourage, recognise and reward excellence in energy performance, management and design in the industrial, commercial and public sectors in Ireland.

The awards focus on individuals, groups and organisations who demonstrate a commitment to include energy management as part of their overall management structure. In this way, the awards provide an opportunity for organisations, regardless of size, to gain public recognition for their achievements in reducing energy use and emissions.

2005 marked the second year of this national initiative, for which 162 nominations were received. In total, nineteen Sustainable Energy Awards were presented across seven categories:

Coordinated Energy Management

Programme; Electrical Energy Project;

Thermal Energy Project; Energy Awareness

Campaign; Energy Service or Supply

Company; Excellence in Design or

Specification; and Energy Manager of the Year.

16

The Consumer

4.1 Consumer Awareness

Ireland’s 1.4 million households account for over a quarter of national energy demand. However, consumers are generally not very aware of the environmental impacts of energy use or Ireland’s international obligations. SEI’s Consumer

Information Programme aims to motivate consumers to become more energy efficient in their daily lives by making them aware of their energy usage and informing them of the simple actions they can take.

Key Achievements in 2005

Energy Awareness Week 2005 focused on the theme of combating climate change. The campaign comprised a broad range of activities, including radio and press advertising, public relations, nationwide events and website design.

The highlight was a climate change symposium, titled ‘Weathering the Storm:

Combating Climate Change in Ireland’ and held on 23rd of September 2005.

This was addressed by international speakers and attracted significant TV, radio and press coverage.

A leaflet on Renewable Energy, developed jointly between SEI and Action

Renewables in Northern Ireland, was published in both jurisdictions and added to the suite of consumer leaflets in 2005. Over 110,000 of the leaflets were distributed through 510 retail outlets in a partnership programme with a major convenience retailer.

The SEI corporate website was relaunched with an improved navigation structure and graphic design in December 2005. This website has become a portal for all energy matters and attracts almost 60,000 visits per month.

SEI commissioned follow-up research to the benchmark research conducted in

2002 on consumer attitudes, awareness and behaviour with respect to energy.

The results, expected in early 2006, will be used both to measure the impacts of

SEI consumer activities and to guide strategic direction going forward.

Case Study: www.combatclimatechange.ie

In view of the need to heighten public awareness of climate change, SEI’s 2005 campaign to combat climate change included the development of a new microsite: www.combatclimatechange.ie

This has already proven to be hugely successful, with over 20,000 visitors in its first three months of existence. This site contains information on many aspects of climate change, from the science behind climate change to consumer advice and tips and schools resources. Endorsed by

Irish celebrities, the site allows visitors to calculate how much energy they use and consequently their CO

2 emissions. It highlights simple actions people can take every day to reduce these emissions. The site is a valuable resource for schools, enabling both students and teachers to create further awareness of climate change.

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4.2 REIO

SEI’s Renewable Energy Information Office (REIO) was established to promote the use of renewable energy resources and provide independent advice and information nationwide on financial, social and technical issues relating to renewable energy development (wind, solar, biomass, geothermal and hydropower).

Programme elements include:

• Publishing regular newsletters and a range of information brochures

• Organising conferences, workshops and information meetings on issues relevant to renewable energy

• Providing a priority advice service for local authority planners and decision-makers

2005 expenditure: a0.63 million

Key Achievements in 2005

SEI’s REIO released its biannual publications,‘Energy Update’ and ‘Planning

Update’, and introduced a new title,‘Bioenergy News’, in 2005. These free magazines continue to be well received, with around 12,000 subscribers.

REIO continued to publish its monthly e-newsletter, and also introduced a series of buyers’ guides to assist those thinking of installing solar, wood and geothermal systems.

REIO presented three technology conferences, namely Wood Energy 2005,

See the Light 2005 and Energy from Fresh Air 2005, and hosted a wind industry international study tour to Germany.

In addition, REIO hosted six ‘Making It Happen’ information and demonstration days, dedicated to key targeted audiences and designed to showcase, and raise awareness of, the application and benefits of renewable heat in small and large buildings. Demonstration days focused on subjects such as Wood and Solar Energy for Large Buildings, Wood CHP, and Wood and

Solar for the Hotel and Leisure Industry.

A range of CDs were developed for each major renewable technology: wind, biomass, solar, geothermal and hydropower. A ‘wind pack’, comprising updated and improved materials for the energy industry, financiers and policy-makers, was developed.

REIO has seen an increase in call centre activity during each month in 2005, with up to 1,000 calls now being received, and 750 building packs issued, every month.

General support was also provided to the Bioenergy Strategy Group and the advisory committee on Wind Planning Guidelines.

REIO also participated in a range of trade shows, including the Spring Homes and Garden Show and the Self-Build Show.

Case Study: Ireland’s Passion for Passive Homes

Landscape architect Tomas O’Leary built and moved into Ireland’s first passive house in Wicklow in 2005. The house adheres to the underlying principle of passive houses: to provide comfortable living without active central heating and cooling systems. The design and monitoring are supported by SEI.

Key features are compact form with excellent insulation and air tightness, southerly orientation to capture natural sunlight and heat, heat storage, heatrecovery ventilation, solar-powered hot water and energy-saving household appliances. A second passive house, and the first timber-framed factory-made and standardised house in Europe, was opened in Moycullen, Co. Galway. This house benefits from triple-glazed windows and thermally insulated doors and features butul-rubber seal strips.

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4.3 Education Programme for Primary and Secondary Schools

SEI’s education programme brings the topic of energy use into the classroom in an interesting and engaging way. It enables pupils to develop an awareness of where energy comes from, the environmental impacts of its use and the responsibilities that individuals bear to reduce consumption.

The programme provides curriculum-specific resources for teachers in primary and secondary schools. All resources are developed in close consultation with teachers and are tested and evaluated extensively in schools.

Key Achievements in 2005

Over 450 interactive workshops took place throughout Ireland during 2005, reaching in excess of 13,000 primary school students. The workshops were divided into two levels: Guzzler Workshops and Energy Challenge Workshops.

Guzzler Workshops were delivered to junior primary pupils. Expert science facilitators guide pupils through this hands-on workshop, and with the help of a large puppet, Guzzler comes to life for the pupils. A total of 55 Dublin schools were visited, and three workshops were carried out per school.

Energy Challenge Workshops were delivered to senior primary pupils. In the first half of this interactive workshop, a superhero penguin character battles against an evil CO

2 character to illustrate how energy contributes to climate change. Following this, pupils play the energy challenge game and carry out energy experiments. Energy Challenge Workshops took place in Dublin,

Waterford, Sligo, Wicklow, Carlow, Limerick, Mayo, Roscommon, Kilkenny and

Galway during 2005. These workshops are organised in conjunction with the relevant county councils.

Case Study: Secondary Schools Photo Competition

The 2005 cross-border Secondary Schools

Photo Competition focused on energy wastage. Students were encouraged to capture in a photograph the ways in which we are wasting energy in our everyday lives. SEI’s photo competition is run in conjunction with the Energy Saving

Trust’s advice centres in Northern Ireland.

Over 100 students took up the challenge, and from the variety of entries received, it was evident that students are clearly conscious of the fact that all around them vast amounts of energy are being wasted and of the various impacts of that wastage. Winners were presented with their prizes at a prestigious awards ceremony. The winning entries were exhibited in Dublin and Belfast.

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Policy Advice and Support

5.1 Policy Advice and Support to government and state agencies

5.1.1 SEI’s Role in Implementing Policy

In November 2005 the DCMNR, SEI’s sponsoring department, published its Statement of Strategy 2003–2005. It set out three principal energy policy goals:

(1) Safeguarding of security of supply

(2) Developing a sustainable energy future

(3) Developing competitive, efficient and properly regulated markets

To achieve these goals, the DCMNR set out seven main objectives. One of these objectives is to ensure the sustainable supply and use of energy. SEI and the DCMNR have primary responsibility for delivering on this objective, thereby contributing towards sustainable development. The strategy for implementation includes delivering the programmes set out in this Annual Report and stimulating energy efficiency and renewable energy production. SEI will further assist the energy sector to meet, in a least-cost manner, the indicative targets set out in the National Climate Change Strategy for the reduction of greenhouse gas emissions.

In 2005, as part of the ‘2020 Vision’ initiative, the Governments of

Ireland and Northern Ireland invited responses to a consultation paper on the development of a joint strategy for renewable energy in the all-island energy market up to and beyond 2020.

The Sustainable Energy Working Group, chaired by David Taylor, supported this effort of the Joint Steering Group. The Working

Group assisted the DCMNR in drafting the consultation document and synthesised the responses.

SEI supported the DCMNR in the formation and financial analysis of the Renewable Energy Feed-In Tariff support mechanism.

5.1.2.2 Programme Engagement with External Clients

CHP

The SEI CHP Programme aims to build greater awareness of the impacts and benefits of CHP technology, leading ultimately to an increased willingness on the part of financiers to support

CHP developments. One key aspect of this programme is support for the DCMNR CHP Strategy Group, to which SEI is providing the Chair and Secretariat, as well as funding for commissioned research. The report of the CHP Strategy Group was submitted to the DCMNR in January 2006.

5.1.2 Advice and Support to Government

One of SEI’s statutory functions is to provide advice, information and support to the Minister for Communications, Marine and

Natural Resources, to the DCMNR, to other ministers and government departments as the Minister may direct, and to energy suppliers and users.

These functions encompassed the following activities during

2005:

5.1.2.1 Policy Submissions

The DCMNR published a Consultation Paper on Energy

Research, Development and Demonstration that sets out possible approaches for co-ordinating projects on a domestic, all-island basis, as well as for representing Ireland’s position at an

EU and international level. SEI supported the development of this document.

Bioenergy

In December 2003 the DCMNR established a Bioenergy Strategy

Group, to which SEI is providing the Chair and the Secretariat.

The primary objective of the group is to consider the policy options and support mechanisms available to Government to stimulate increased use of biomass for energy conversion, and to make specific recommendations for action to increase the penetration of biomass energy in Ireland. A Bioenergy Training and Education Needs study was published in July 2005.

SEI supported the DCMNR on the Pilot Excise Relief scheme for biofuels. SEI brought five government departments (DCMNR,

Agriculture, Transport, Environment and Finance) together for an interdepartmental steering group for the SEI study on policy incentive options for liquid biofuels.

20

Emissions Trading

The Chief Executive of SEI, David Taylor, is a member of the

National Allocation Advisory Group, the group established by the EPA to allocate the available CO

2 entities in the “trading sector”.

emission allowances to the

Guidance on Existing and Future EU directives

SEI supported the development of EU standards and national regulations through advisory positions to the DCMNR on EU directives and policy instruments, including the EPBD, the

Emissions Trading Directive, the CHP Directive, and the

Biofuels Directive.

It has also continued its monitoring and support role in Ireland’s implementation of other directives, such as those on energy labelling and household appliances, and the upcoming Directive on Energy Services.

SEI, through the Energy Policy and Statistical Support Unit

(EPSSU), represents Ireland on the Energy Statistics Working

Group of EUROSTAT and on two subgroups dedicated to energy efficiency indicators and CHP. The EPSSU is also a long-term participant in the EU-wide ODYSSEE/MURE project, which aims to develop appropriate energy indicators to assess energy efficiency performance and trends.

On behalf of the EPBD Working Group, SEI continued to play an active role in a large number of national and international meetings convened to discuss the EPBD. In 2005 these included the European Commission-convened Energy Demand

Management Committee and the EU IEE-funded Concerted

Action Project on the EPBD, which provides an important forum for the exchange of ideas and information relating to the implementation of the directive.

5.2 EU R&D Co-ordination

SEI liaises with other national R&D funding bodies and representatives, and promotes EU and other international R&D support initiatives. SEI acts as National Delegate and Contact

Point on the Framework Programme for Research and

Technological Development (RTD) and plays an active promotional role, as national Contact Point for the Intelligent

Energy – Europe (IEE) Programme of the EU.

SEI hosted an information seminar in October that provided an overview of the European Commission’s new calls for proposals under the IEE Programme. The seminar involved an introduction to IEE by Bill Gillett, Head of Unit for the Altener and Coopener

Programmes within the European Commission’s IEEA, that focused on the types of projects and funding levels within this call for proposals.

In 2005 SEI became a member of the European Commission

Mirror Group for the European Technology Platform ‘Electricity

Networks of the Future’. This Mirror Group acts as an interface between the activities of the platform and member authorities responsible for electricity networks. This will help in the implementation of the technology platform and, in particular, the strategic research agenda. The first meeting of the Mirror

Group was held in November 2005.

5.3 International Collaboration

Ireland participates in a number of international organisations and activities in the area of sustainable energy. These include: the IEA, the EnR, the REEEP, the Johannesburg Renewable Energy

Coalition, etc. Ireland’s participation in these international fora has provided access to information sources, lessons learned and experiences. It has also provided valuable networking opportunities and a means of supporting directed collaborative research. Indeed, Ireland’s participation in the last number of years has created value for money, and the contribution of Irish delegates and nominees has been well received by other countries and the various participating organisations.

Some of this participation is highlighted in the following sections.

5.3.1 The IEA

Established in 1974, the International Energy Agency (IEA) is the energy forum and think tank for 26 OECD countries. IEA member governments are committed to taking joint measures to meet oil supply emergencies. They have also agreed to share energy information, to co-ordinate their energy policies and to cooperate in the development of rational energy programmes.

The DCMNR has designated SEI to be the contracting party to the three IEA Renewable Energy Implementing Agreements to which Ireland is a party (Bioenergy, Ocean and Wind).

21

SEI is responsible for providing national delegates to the

Executive Committees of the Implementing Agreements and for nominating country experts to a small number of tasks. It provides representation and oversight through its delegates to the Committee on Energy Research and Technology and the

Renewable Energy Working Party. Highlights from the year are detailed below.

5.3.1.1 IEA Wind Energy Implementing Agreement

Ireland rejoined the IEA R&D Wind Agreement in 2002. In doing so, Ireland opted to participate in two annexes within the

Agreement: (i) Annex XI (Base Technology Information

Exchange) and (ii) the new Annex XXI (Dynamic Models of Wind

Farms for Power System Studies).

5.3.2 The EnR

SEI represents Ireland on the European Energy Network (EnR).

Since its creation in 1991, EnR has lived up to its mandate of enabling pan-European co-operation, by strengthening cooperation between member agencies on issues relevant to energy efficiency and renewable energy sources. EnR is a voluntary association of European organisations that have responsibility for the planning, management or review of national research, development, demonstration or dissemination programmes in the fields of energy efficiency and renewable energy. EnR’s key areas of activity include international comparison, exchange of information as a means of increasing efficiency, and the formation of a joint platform for lobbying.

5.3.1.2 IEA Bioenergy Implementing Agreement

In joining the IEA Bioenergy Agreement, Ireland signed up to participation in three tasks: (i) Socio-economic Aspects of

Bioenergy Systems (Task 29); (ii) Greenhouse Gas Balances of

Biomass and Bioenergy Systems (Task 38); and (iii) Liquid

Biofuels (Task 39). SEI hosted the IEA Bioenergy Implementing

Agreement Executive Committee meeting in Dublin in 2005.

5.3.1.3 IEA Ocean Energy Implementing Agreement

The Implementing Agreement on Ocean Energy Systems commenced in October 2001. The Agreement’s aim is to enhance international collaboration to make ocean energy technologies a significant energy option in the mid-term.

Current priorities are ocean waves and marine current systems.

The two main tasks at the moment are the exchange of information on ocean energy systems and the development of practices for testing and evaluating ocean energy systems.

SEI holds the current Chair of the IEA Ocean Energy Systems

Implementing Agreement.

5.3.3 The REEEP

The Renewable Energy and Energy Efficiency Partnership

(REEEP) is a Type II partnership and was launched by the United

Kingdom along with other partners at the Johannesburg World

Summit on Sustainable Development in August 2002. It has been developed by a wide range of stakeholders at national and regional levels. In June 2004, the REEEP was formally established as a legal entity in Austria with the status of an international

NGO. Ireland is a founding member of the REEEP and is a member of the Finance Committee and the Programme Board.

In December 2003, Ireland became a sponsor of the REEEP, with sponsorship facilitated through SEI. The United Kingdom, Austria,

Canada, the European Union, Germany, Italy, the Netherlands,

Spain and the United States also support REEEP by providing considerable financial contributions. More than 47 projects have been carried out in the course of 2004/5, providing effective advocacy at an international level of renewable energy and energy efficiency driven by regional and local demand. The

REEEP has recently completed the selection of eighteen new renewable and energy-efficient projects (REES) to be funded by the REEEP and implemented in 2005/6. The Department of the

Environment, Heritage and Local Government recently launched an initiative to support three projects in the least-developed countries in Africa in line with Ireland’s overseas aid priorities.

22

5.3.4 Further International Collaboration

SEI collaborated with the UK Department of Trade and Industry in producing A Scoping Study: Demand Side Measures for Small

Business and Residential Customers on Ireland’s Electrical System.

The study highlighted the potential benefits of DSM to stakeholders, including reduced cost of electricity, increased security of supply in times of network stress, and simplified outage management.

SEI continued its Perspectives from Abroad lecture series in

2005. This initiative, which has been run by SEI for the past three years, facilitates dialogue in Ireland around the formation of energy policy. This occurs through the presentation of detailed views and analysis from other EU member states and from abroad, including the USA, Japan, and Australia, on various issues related to the three pillars of energy policy: security of supply, competitiveness and environmental considerations.

The series attracted contributions from numerous internationally recognised experts in 2005, including Professor

Benjamin Hobbs’s perspective on Multi-stakeholder Integrated

Resource Planning in a Liberalised Energy Market Context, James

Cameron, Head of Climate Change Policy, Climate Change

Capital and Paul Soffe’s, Director of EcoSecurities, perspective on

Financial Instruments for Meeting Kyoto and EU ETS, and

Professor Bent Sorensen’s (Denmark) perspective on Possibilities for the Future of Energy Supply. Trygve Riis, the Chairman of the

IEA Hydrogen Agreement, (Norway) provided a perspective on

Hydrogen and Carbon Capture and Storage. The series has consistently received a positive response from key stakeholders and has served to inform the design and implementation of policy and regulation in Ireland.

5.4 Support Activities to Associate Organisations

SEI participates in the Energy Statistics Coordinating Group with the Central Statistics Office. This was established to facilitate the development and analysis of a more comprehensive body of energy statistics.

SEI prepared an Ocean Energy Strategy and the implementation of this strategy is being developed with DCMNR. In order to support the development of ocean energy technology in

Ireland, SEI and the Marine Institute co-funded the development of a quarter-scale open sea test facility in Galway Bay.

SEI works in co-operation with sixteen local energy agencies

(LEAs) in Ireland, including three in Northern Ireland. The overall aim of the LEAs is to promote renewable energy and rational use of energy, to improve the quality of the environment and to contribute to sustainable development. SEI recognises the importance of engagement with the LEAs on activities that can add value to the SEI’s priority work programme. SEI is represented on the Board of the Wexford and Waterford LEAs.

A joint SEI/LEADER/Energy Agency pilot programme was launched in 2005. The project is supported by the RERD&D programme and aims to allow the LEADER agencies to cooperate and co-ordinate activities in relation to communitybased renewable energy projects.

SEI provided feedback to the Geological Survey of Ireland’s post-

NDP R&D consultation process.

SEI launched a joint call for proposals with the EPA in the area of anaerobic digestion.

SEI co-funded a study into NOx emissions in the power sector with the EPA. SEI now supports the EPA Steering Committee on this work.

SEI continued to support a doctoral and post-doctoral research programme with the Irish Research Council for Science,

Engineering and Technology.

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SEI, through its suite of programmes, provides advice to local authorities, architects and engineers on sustainable energy guidelines.

SEI is a member of the Environmental Technology Action Plan

(ETAP) Europe-wide initiative, which is hosted nationally by the

Department of the Environment, Heritage and Local

Government. ETAP is composed of actions around three main themes: Getting from Research to Markets; Improving Market

Conditions; and Acting Globally.

SEI, in the role of energy expert, supported the Irish delegation

(led by the Department of Environment, Heritage and Local

Government) to the United Nations Framework Convention on

Climate Change’s Conference of the Parties (COP) Meeting on

Climate Change.

SEI, through the EPSSU, published a number of reports in 2005.

The highlights are as follows:

Energy in Ireland 1990–2003 (Jan 05)

This was the third edition of the Energy in Ireland and examined trends in energy use since 1990, but with a particular focus on

2003. The report showed that energy-related CO

2 emissions in

Ireland decreased by 2% in 2003 and also highlighted that the decoupling of energy and emissions growth from economic growth that began in 2002 continued in 2003.

5.5 Energy Statistics

SEI is responsible for developing and maintaining comprehensive national and sectoral statistics for energy production, transformation and end-use. For this purpose, SEI established the Energy Policy Statistical Support Unit (EPSSU) in Cork.

The role of the EPSSU is to:

• Collect, process and publish energy statistics to support policy analysis and development in line with national needs and international obligations

• Conduct statistical and economic analyses of energy services and sustainable energy options so as to inform policy advice and underpin programme prioritisation

• Contribute to the development and promulgation of appropriate sustainability indicators, including participation in national and international working groups

Energy Consumption & CO

2

Sector (Dec 05)

Emissions in the Residential

The report found that significant efficiency gains have been made in the sector since 1990. A wide rage of factors have contributed to the efficiency gains, notably fuel switching, the various iterations of the building requirements and changing occupancy patterns.

EPSSU collaborated with the Department of Enterprise, Trade and Investment in Northern Ireland to propose a range of sustainable energy indicators for the All-Island Energy Market

Joint Steering Group. Six indicators were produced for consideration in detail.

In November 2005 the EPSSU made a presentation to the Joint

Oireachtas Committee on Communications, Marine and Natural

Resources on energy use in Ireland.

EPSSU undertook a number of projects relating to Energy

Balance, Energy Forecasting, Fuel Comparison Charts, and CHP

Data Update.

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Energy Statistics

Energy Flow in Ireland 2004

Other Renewables 270 ktoe

Hydro 54 ktoe

Electricity Imports 135 ktoe

Briquetting 12 ktoe

Natural Gas own use/loss 60 ktoe

Oil Refining 130 ktoe

Electricity Transformation

Loss 3,002 ktoe

Oil 8,375 ktoe

Transport 4,698 ktoe

Natural Gas 3,652 ktoe

Coal 1,943 ktoe

Peat 577 ktoe

Agriculture 314 ktoe

Residential 2,884 ktoe

Industry 2,157 ktoe

Services 1,704 ktoe

Note: Some statistical differences exist between inputs and outputs

Greenhouse Gas Emissions by Source

70

Kyoto Target for Ireland (2008-2012)

60

50

40

30

20

10

0

1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004

Energy Industrial Processes Solvent and other Product Use Agriculture Waste

SOURCE: EPA

25

26

0.6

0.55

0.5

0.45

0.8

0.75

0.7

0.65

0.4

Import Dependency of Ireland and EU

0.9

0.85

1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004

Ireland EU-15 Average EU-25 Average

Energy Prices to Industry

250

200

150

100

50

0

1Q2000 3Q2000 1Q2001 3Q2001 1Q2002 3Q2002 1Q2003 3Q2003 1Q2004 3Q2004 1Q2005

Electricity OIl Products Natural Gas

SOURCE: IEA ENERGY PRICES & TAXES

Governance

Members of the Board

Frank Convery is the Chairman of

SEI and Heritage Trust Professor of

Environmental Policy, University

College Dublin. He also chairs

Comhar – the Irish Sustainability

Council. He was previously

Research Professor at the

Economic and Social Research

Institute, Dublin, and Associate

Professor of Natural Resource

Economics at Duke University,

North Carolina. He has written extensively on energy and environmental policy.

renewable energy and end-use energy efficiency policy. He previously worked in the social welfare area of the public service.

Bill Flood (retired from the Board on 1st May 2005) was Manager of Irish Fertiliser Industries in

Arklow. He has considerable experience of energy-intensive process manufacturing and a special interest in performance auditing, benchmarking and negotiated agreements.

Disability Authority, CEO of the

American Chamber of Commerce

Ireland and Head of Corporate

Finance at Irish Life Plc, having also worked in Bank of America and Esso.

John McMullan is the Executive

Director of the Northern Ireland charity Bryson House, which is at the forefront of energy efficiency policy development in Northern

Ireland. He is also Chairman of the

University of Ulster’s Visiting Panel on Sustainable Development;

Chairman of the Northern Ireland

Fuel Poverty Advisory Group,

Treasurer of Belfast Healthy Cities

Project, a Board member of the NI

Energy Agency, and a member of the UK Landfill Tax Credit Forum.

Pat O’Malley is a civil engineer with extensive experience in property development and project management. He has also served as a Special Adviser to the

Minister for Energy (1989/1992) and is a former Opposition spokesperson for Energy,

Transport and Communications

(Dáil Éireann 1987/1989).

John Buckley is a property developer, auctioneer and surveyor, with 25 years business experience. He is a Board member of John Buckley Auctioneers,

Chairman of Killarney Race

Company and Chairman of the

Advisory Committee of the

Environmental Protection Agency.

Eileen Gleeson (appointed 8

September 2005) has been a communications consultant in

Dublin for the past 25 years. She is non-Executive Chairman of

Weber Shandwick FCC and was founder and Managing Director of that firm from 1989 to 2003.

She is a non-Executive Director of

Ulster Bank Group, the Institute of

Directors in Ireland and UNICEF

Ireland. She served as Special

Adviser to the President of

Ireland, Mary McAleese, from 1997 to 2004.

David Naughton is the National

Industrial Officer with the

Technical, Engineering and

Electrical Union, where his remit covers responsibility for the ESB and the National Joint Industrial

Council for the Electrical

Contracting Industry.

Gerry Cahill is Managing Director of Gerry Cahill Architects and Co-

Director of Urban Projects Ltd. He has been involved since the

1980s in the design of urban renewal and social housing projects in Dublin city and county. Prior to joining the Board of SEI, he was a Director of Energy

Action Ltd. He has taught design and technology at the UCD

School of Architecture since 1979.

Vicky Heslop has been involved in promoting sustainable development since 1986. She has been the Managing Director of

Methan O Gen Ltd., a specialist biogas consultancy, since 1994.

She is President and a founder member of the Irish Bioenergy

Association.

David Taylor is Chief Executive of

SEI. Prior to his appointment, he was the Director of the Irish

Energy Centre. He qualified as a chemical engineer and holds an

MSc in Management from Trinity

College Dublin. He is active in

European energy matters and is a member of the IEA Committee on

Energy Research and Technology.

Michael Nicholson is a Director of Services with Wicklow County

Council. His remit covers Water

Services, all matters environmental, and Emergency Services. He has a particular interest in alternative energy, Agenda 21, and sustainable development. Michael has also worked with Meath

County Council, Leitrim County

Council, Cork Corporation, Trim

Town Council and Arklow Town

Council.

A total of eight SEI Board Meetings were held in 2005.

Committees of the Board

The Remuneration Committee:

• Frank Convery [Chair]

• Martin Finucane

• Bill Flood (retired 1st May 2005)

• David Naughton

• Claire O’Connor (appointed 26th

July 2005)

The Audit Committee:

• Pat O’Malley [Chair]

• Michael Nicholson

• Claire O’Connor

Martin Finucane is Principal

Officer in the Sustainable Energy

Division of the Department of

Communications, Marine and

Natural Resources, where his responsibilities include climate change issues in the energy sector, the promotion of

Claire O’Connor is the Chief

Financial Officer of WestLB

Ireland. She is a Director of

WestLB Covered Bond Bank and was for twelve years a Director of

ICC Bank and Chair of the ICC

Audit Committee. She was formerly Director of the National

27

Administrative Report

Code of Practice for the Governance of State Bodies

In October 2001 the Government approved the new Code of

Practice for the Governance of State Bodies. SEI is responsible for ensuring the overall development of good corporate governance within all practices. It achieves this by:

• Working to ensure the maintenance of accountability and transparency

• Working to ensure decision-making is made in a timely and effective manner

• Providing inputs that show SEI activities are based on value for money considerations

• Developing internal systems, processes and procedures that meet the requirement of the Board and all applicable legislation and guidelines

• Implementing and amending as necessary the delegated authorities from the Board to the CEO

Corporate and all Island Planning

Sustainable Energy Ireland has a responsibility to report its activities under the National Development Plan to the

Department of Communications, Marine and Natural Resources and to the Joint Oireachtas Committee on Communications,

Marine and Natural Resources. In meeting its obligations, SEI prepares a five-year strategy and a three year plan and engages in ongoing reviews and progress monitoring. SEI has established and maintained effective platforms for programme delivery, tracking and review across the portfolio of SEI actions.

One of SEI’s strategic objectives is the delivery of an all-island energy market. To enable this, specific efforts are made to demonstrate cross-border integration and to establish models of learning in this area. In 2005 SEI continued to co-ordinate the implementation of all-island work through the Sustainable

Energy Working Group (a working group under the All-Island

Energy Market Development Framework). This work included such activities as the joint development of All-Island Sustainable

Energy Indicators and the pilot development of a Renewable

Energy Installers Academy with Action Renewables. The All-

Island Energy Market Framework has set objectives for the further development of this co-operation in the interest of consumers, North and South.

Communications

SEI aims to use information provision to motivate and empower behavioural change in relation to energy purchase and use, and hence deliver a reduction in energy consumption. The provision of targeted information achieves this by heightening consumer awareness of the environmental impacts of energy use and highlighting options for greater sustainability. In 2005 SEI focused on climate change awareness and on the educational needs of the very youngest members of society through an active schools programme. Future focus will be placed on investment opportunities to improve home energy efficiency.

The highlight of SEI’s Communications Programme in 2005 was

Energy Awareness Week. This project involved seven press releases over a week, the launch of www.combatclimatechange.ie and the hosting of a major climate change seminar with Andrew Watkins and Brendan

McWilliams. Energy Awareness Week yielded coverage in 28 national print media organs, 25 regional print media organs and

24 broadcast media outlets.

Freedom of Information

Sustainable Energy Ireland has been subject to the Freedom of

Information Act, 1997, since its establishment. The Act applies to all records in the possession and procurement of Sustainable

Energy Ireland, and any documentation furnished to Sustainable

Energy Ireland may be the subject of a request for release under the Freedom of Information Act.

Health and Safety

Pursuant to the Safety, Health and Welfare at Work Act, 1989, SEI promotes a positive health and safety culture throughout the organisation. SEI’s policy is at all times to protect and safeguard the well-being of all employees by maintaining a safe working environment and system of work pursuant to the requirements of the Safety, Health and Welfare at Work Act, 2005.

28

Information Systems

Throughout 2005 SEI was involved in a number of projects including:

I. Grant Management System

In 2005 SEI fully implemented a new Oracle-based Grant

Management System (GMS), which is fully integrated with the existing Financial Management System. The new GMS allows for application tracking from initial enquiry right through application, evaluation and approval and on through project management and milestone payments. Being browser-based and leveraging recent developments in ICT, the system allows for secure access for staff, external evaluators and Advisory

Committee members. It will allow for more efficient operation, enhanced reporting and more effective management of the existing grant and fund disbursement programmes. As a scalable system, it will facilitate the speedier deployment of new grant schemes in the future.

Internal Controls

The SEI’s internal control system encompasses the policies, processes, tasks, behaviours and other aspects of SEI, that facilitate effective and efficient operations while ensuring quality reporting and regulatory and legal compliance.

Location

SEI’s main office is located on the Enterprise Ireland campus in

Glasnevin and has two regional offices, one located on the

Enterprise Ireland premises in Sligo and one located in the

Airport Business Park in Cork. Under the Government’s decentralisation programme, SEI’s main office is to be relocated to Dundalk, Co. Louth.

II. Knowledge Management

Adopting a systematic approach to capturing, collating, organising and storing knowledge is an essential component to maintaining SEI’s effectiveness. Such a systematic approach will ensure that the organisation is not unduly reliant on any one particular resource or group of persons for business continuity in terms of organisational memory. It will alleviate the risk associated with personnel change and will engender the flexibility demanded of a modern public service organisation such as SEI. In early 2005, with the help of external consultants,

SEI completed the development of a knowledge management strategy designed to help it better utilise, retain and leverage the knowledge embodied within the organisation. The full implementation of the strategy will take a number of years and focuses on three primary areas: Knowledge Management

Codification and Infrastructure, Knowledge Sharing, and

Enhancing Organisational Memory. In late 2005, SEI procured an integrated knowledge management system matching the requirements identified in the strategy. In 2006, the focus will be on the roll-out of these systems across the organisation and their adoption by all staff.

29

30

Publications in 2005

April

June

July

Month

Jan

Feb

Oct

Nov

Dec

Publication

Energy in Ireland 2003

Renewable Energy RD&D Programme Overview

Renewable Energy Resources in Ireland for 2010 and 2020 –A Methodology

Liquid Biofuels for Transport Fact Sheet

Managing Energy – A Strategic Guide for Hotels

LIEN Energy Focus Newsletter

SEI Annual Report 2004

Bioenergy Training and Education Needs Report

Dublin City Traffic Signal Conversion Project – Case Study

LIEN Annual Report 2004

LIEN Energy Successes Report

Metering Options for Small-Scale Renewable and CHP Generation in Ireland

Combined Heat and Power in Ireland Trends and Issues – 2004 Data Update

Emerging Technologies as part of an Irish Carbon Dioxide Emissions

Reduction Strategy

Exemplar Model Design Study – Wicklow County Council

Exemplar Model Design Study – Killarney Sports and Leisure Centre

Exemplar Model Design Study – UCC Information Technology Building

A Guide to Renewable Energy in the Home

Building Energy Management Resource Guide

Renewable Energy in Ireland Trends and Issues – 2004 Data Update

Energy Consumption & C0

2

Emissions in the Residential Sector 1990–2004

Assessment of the Potential for ESCOs in Ireland

A Scoping Study: Demand Side Measures for Small Business and

Residential Customers on Ireland’s Electrical System

Focus

Policy Advice

Renewable Energy

Renewable Energy

Renewable Energy

Industry

Industry

Policy Advice

Renewable Energy

Built Environment

Industry

Industry

Renewable Energy

Policy Advice

Renewable Energy

Built Environment

Built Environment

Built Environment

Consumer

Built Environment

Policy Advice

Policy Advice

Industry

Industry

Approved Projects

R e n e w a b l e E n e r g y

House of Tomorrow

Grants Issued

Commissioned Studies/Reports

Programme Administration

Renewables

Grants Issued

Commissioned Studies/Reports

Educational Support

Programme Administration

Industry

Grants Issued

Programme Administration

Transport

Grants Issued

Built Environment

Low Income Housing

Grants Issued

Commissioned Studies/Reports

Programme Administration

Public Sector Programme

Grants Issued

Programme Administration

Commissioned Studies/Reports

Home Energy Rating

Commissioned Studies/Reports

Programme Administration

Combined Heat and Power

Grants Issued

Commissioned Studies/Reports

Programme Administration

31

2 0 0 5 a

2,629,181 a

253,551 a

61,214 a

1,459,687 a

465,638 a

207,852 a

272,368 a

0 a

394,972 a

0 f 5,744,463

2 0 0 4 a

810,468 a

121,562 a

56,319 a

1,458,628 a

886,835 a

183,642 a

475,189 a

0 a

494,831 a

100,000 f 4,587,474 a

957,508 a

25,000 a

437,282 a

1,507,851 a

26,256 a

102,046 a

236,250 a

72,620 f 3,364,813 a

714,423 a

6,521 a

19,653 f 740,597 a

728,492 a

0 a

216,940 a

1,807,490 a

24,449 a

159,739 a

0 a

27,532 f 2,964,642 a

717,188 a

88,831 a

11,457 f 817,476

Financial Statements for the year ended 31st December

2005

Statement on the System of Internal Financial Control

On behalf of the Board of Sustainable Energy Ireland, I acknowledge our responsibility for ensuring that an effective system of internal financial control is maintained and operated.

The system can only provide reasonable and not absolute assurance that assets are safeguarded, transactions authorised and properly recorded, and that material errors or irregularities are either prevented or would be detected in a timely period.

Key Control Procedures

The Board has taken steps to ensure an appropriate control environment by clearly defining management responsibilities including that of reporting significant control failures and ensuring appropriate corrective action.

The Board has established processes and practices to identify and evaluate business risks by:

• identifying the nature, extent and financial implication of risks;

• assessing the likelihood of identified risks occurring;

• and is currently assessing the body’s ability to manage and mitigate the risks that do occur.

Sustainable Energy Ireland’s internal audit function was contracted out to a firm of accountants at the end of 2002.

The annual internal audit plan, which has been developed, is informed by an analysis of the risks to which the authority is exposed. This approach is endorsed by the Audit Committee and approved by the Board. A three year Internal Strategic Audit

Plan is approved by the audit committee and revised annually where required. The internal auditors provide the Committee with reports on assignments carried out. These reports highlight deficiencies or weaknesses, if any, in the system of internal financial control.

The Board has monitored and reviewed the effectiveness of the system of internal financial control having regard to the reports and work undertaken by management, the policies and procedures working group, the audit committee and the internal auditors, together with the risk management process currently in place in the organisation.

Annual Review of Controls

I confirm that in respect of the year ended 31st December 2005, the Board conducted a review of the effectiveness of the system of internal financial control.

The system of internal financial control is based on a framework of regular management information, administrative procedures including segregation of duties, and a system of delegation and accountability. In particular it includes:

• a comprehensive budgeting system with an annual budget which is reviewed and agreed by the Board;

• regular reviews by the Board of periodic and annual financial reports which indicate financial performance against forecasts;

• setting targets to measure financial and other performance;

• appropriate indicative investment levels for funding programmes.

Signed on behalf of the Board

Frank J. Convery

Chairperson

32

Statement of Board Responsibilities for the year ended 31st December 2005

Sustainable Energy Ireland – The Sustainable Energy Authority of

Ireland (known as SEI) was established under the Sustainable

Energy Act 2002 and came into existence on the 1st May 2002.

Under section 21(2) of the Act all equipment and property of

Enterprise Ireland, for the use of the Irish Energy Centre, other than the property referred to in s21(1) of the Act, was transferred to Sustainable Energy Ireland on that date.

Section 24(2) of the Sustainable Energy Act 2002 requires the

Authority to prepare financial statements, in such format as may be approved by the Minister for Communications, Marine and

Natural Resources with the consent of the Minister for Finance.

In preparing these financial statements the Board is required to:

• Select suitable accounting policies and apply them consistently.

• Make judgments and estimates that are reasonable and prudent.

• Prepare the financial statements on a going concern basis unless it is inappropriate to presume that it will continue in operation.

• State whether applicable accounting standards have been followed, subject to any material departures disclosed and explained in the financial statements.

The Board is responsible for keeping proper books of account, which disclose, with reasonable accuracy at any time, the

Authority’s financial position and which enable it to ensure that the financial statements comply with Section 24 of the

Sustainable Energy Act 2002. The Board is also responsible for safeguarding all assets under its operational control and hence, for taking reasonable steps for the prevention and detection of fraud and other irregularities.

Signed on behalf of the Board

Frank Convery

Chairperson

David Taylor

Chief Executive Officer

33

Report of the Comptroller and

Auditor General for presentation to the Houses of the Oireachtas

I have audited the financial statements of the Sustainable

Energy Authority of Ireland for the year ended 31 December

2005 under the Sustainable Energy Act, 2002.

The financial statements, which have been prepared under the accounting policies set out therein, comprise the Accounting

Policies, the Income and Expenditure Account, the Balance

Sheet, the Statement of Total Recognised Gains and Losses and the related notes.

Respective Responsibilities of the Board and the

Comptroller and Auditor General

The Authority is responsible for preparing the financial statements in accordance with the Sustainable Energy Act, 2002 and for ensuring the regularity of transactions. The Authority prepares the financial statements in accordance with Generally

Accepted Accounting Practice in Ireland. The accounting responsibilities of the Members of the Board are set out in the

Statement of Board Responsibilities.

My responsibility is to audit the financial statements in accordance with relevant legal and regulatory requirements and

International Standards on Auditing (UK and Ireland).

I report my opinion as to whether the financial statements give a true and fair view, in accordance with Generally Accepted

Accounting Practice in Ireland. I also report whether in my opinion proper books of account have been kept. In addition,

I state whether the financial statements are in agreement with the books of account.

I report any material instance where moneys have not been applied for the purposes intended or where the transactions do not conform to the authorities governing them.

I also report if I have not obtained all the information and explanations necessary for the purposes of my audit.

I review whether the Statement on Internal Financial Control reflects the Authority’s compliance with the Code of Practice for the Governance of State Bodies and report any material instance where it does not do so, or if the statement is misleading or inconsistent with other information of which I am aware from my audit of the financial statements. I am not required to consider whether the Statement on Internal Financial Control covers all financial risks and controls, or to form an opinion on the effectiveness of the risk and control procedures.

Basis of Audit Opinion

In the exercise of my function as Comptroller and Auditor

General, I conducted my audit of the financial statements in accordance with International Standards on Auditing (UK and

Ireland) issued by the Auditing Practices Board and by reference to the special considerations which attach to State bodies in relation to their management and operation. An audit includes examination, on a test basis, of evidence relevant to the amounts and disclosures and regularity of the financial transactions included in the financial statements. It also includes an assessment of the significant estimates and judgments made in the preparation of the financial statements, and of whether the accounting policies are appropriate to the Authority’s circumstances, consistently applied and adequately disclosed.

I planned and performed my audit so as to obtain all the information and explanations that I considered necessary in order to provide me with sufficient evidence to give reasonable assurance that the financial statements are free from material misstatement, whether caused by fraud or other irregularity or error. In forming my opinion I also evaluated the overall adequacy of the presentation of information in the financial statements.

Opinion

In my opinion, the financial statements give a true and fair view, in accordance with Generally Accepted Accounting Practice in

Ireland, of the state of the Authority’s affairs at 31 December

2005 and of its income and expenditure for the year then ended.

In my opinion, proper books of account have been kept by the

Authority. The financial statements are in agreement with the books of account.

Gerard Smyth

For and on behalf of the Comptroller and Auditor General

14 June 2006

34

Accounting Policies year ended 31st December 2005

(A) Period of Financial Statements

The financial statements cover the year from 1st January to

31st December 2005.

(B) Basis of Accounting

The financial statements have been prepared on an accruals basis, except as stated below and in accordance with Generally

Accepted Accounting Practice, under the historical cost convention, and in the format approved by the Minister for

Communications, Marine and Natural Resources. Financial

Reporting Standards adopted by the recognised accountancy bodies are adopted as they become applicable. The unit of currency in which the financial statements are denominated is the Euro.

(C) State Grants

State Grants shown in the Income and Expenditure Account reflect the amount received from the Department of

Communications, Marine and Natural Resources.

(D) Fixed Assets

Fixed assets are stated at cost less accumulated depreciation.

Depreciation is calculated in order to write off the cost of fixed assets over their estimated useful lives as follows:

Motor Vehicles 20%

Fixtures and Fittings

Computer Equipment

Software

33.33%

33.33%

33.33%

(E) Superannuation

Section 17 of the Sustainable Energy Act 2002 provides for the establishment of superannuation schemes by the Authority. The scheme is a defined benefit scheme for the purposes of the

Pension Act, 1990. The scheme is being operated on an administrative basis pending its approval by the Minister for

Communications, Marine and Natural Resources, with the consent of the Minister for Finance.

Pension costs reflect pension benefits earned by employees in the period. An amount corresponding to the pension charge is recognised as income to the extent that it is recoverable from the Department of Communications, Marine and Natural

Resources and offset by grants received in the year to discharge pension payments. Actuarial gains or losses arising on the scheme liabilities are reflected in the Statement of Recognised

Gains and Losses and a corresponding adjustment is recognised in the amount recoverable from the Department of

Communication, Marine and Natural Resources.

Pension liabilities represent the present value of future pension payments earned by staff to date. Deferred pension funding represents the corresponding asset which is to be recovered in future periods from the Department of Communications, Marine and Natural resources.

In accordance with the requirements of FRS 17- Retirement

Benefits, the Income and Expenditure Account, Statement of

Recognised Gains and Losses and Balance Sheet now recognise pension transactions, movements and balances which were previously shown only as a note to the Financial

Statements. Consequently the corresponding years figures have been restated.

(F) Capital Account

The Capital Account represents the unamortised value of income used to purchase fixed assets.

35

Income and Expenditure Account for the year ended 31st December 2005

Income

State Grants

EU Contract Income

Other Income

Net Deferred Funding

Total Income

Transfer to Capital Account

Notes

3

17 (B)

1

2

15

Expenditure

Salaries & Related Charges

Pension Costs

Recruitment, Training & Education

Advertising and Promotion

General Consultancy and Professional fees

General Administration

Built Environment Programme

Research & Development Programme

Alternative Energy Programme

Total Expenditure

Surplus/(Deficit) for the Year

Surplus/(Deficit) at 1 January

Surplus/(Deficit) at 31 December

4

17(A)

5

6

7

8

9

10

11

2,988,043

940,000

258,240

1,548,972

587,144

1,008,643

3,364,813

5,744,463

740,597

17,180,915

74,290

(41,801)

32,489

Statement of Total Recognised Gains and Losses

Surplus /(Deficit) for the Year

Actuarial Loss on Pensions Liability

Adjustment to Deferred Pension Funding

17(C)

17(C)

74,290

(194,000)

194,000

Total Recognised Gain/(Loss) for the Year

The Statement of Accounting Policies and Notes 1 to 23 form part of these financial statements.

74,290

2005

g

16,279,690

30,807

109,449

906,000

17,325,946

(70,741)

17,255,205

2004

As Restated

g

13,868,000

24,129

227,013

618,000

14,737,142

(39,570)

14,697,572

(405,612)

(882,000)

882,000

(405,612)

3,023,159

650,000

147,098

1,683,662

436,175

793,498

2,964,642

4,587,474

817,476

15,103,184

(405,612)

363,811

(41,801)

Frank Convery

Chairperson

36

David Taylor

Chief Executive Officer

Balance Sheet as at 31st

December 2005

Assets

Fixed Assets

Current Assets

Bank

Debtors

Prepaids

Notes

12

2005

g

288,881

13

438,321

50,500

8,265

497,086

Current Liabilities

Creditors

Accruals

VAT

14 120,616

313,864

30,117

464,597

Net Current Assets/(Liabilities)

Deferred Assets

Deferred Funding Asset

Pension Liability

Total Assest Less Current Liabilities

17(B)

17(B)

32,489

6,100,000

(6,100,000)

321,370

Financed By

Capital

Income and Expenditure Account

15 288,881

32,489

Total Net Assets

The Statement of Accounting Policies and Notes 1 to 23 form part of these financial statements.

321,370

2004

As Restated

g

218,141

581,157

103,200

9,309

693,666

218,141

(41,801)

176,340

582,133

89,237

64,097

735,467

(41,801)

5,000,000

(5,000,000)

176,340

Frank Convery

Chairperson

David Taylor

Chief Executive Officer

37

Notes to the Financial Statements year ended 31st December 2005

1. State Grants

Under section 22(1) of the Sustainable Energy Act 2002 the Minister for Communications, Marine and Natural Resources provides funding to the Authority for the performance of its functions. The funding provided in the year under the Economic and Social

Infrastructure Operational Programme (ESIOP) consists of the following:

2005 2004

Institutional Infrastructure

Built Environment

Research & Development

Alternative Energy a a a

6,279,690

3,770,000

5,380,000 a

850,000 e16,279,690 a

5,741,000 a

2,805,000 a

4,542,000 a

780,000 e13,868,000

2. EU Contract Income

The funds from EU contracts are from activities in Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy including technology promotion, information dissemination, research and event co-ordination and management.

3. Other Income

Other income consists of proceeds from courses run as listed below and also receipt of sponsorship and other income in the period.

Courses run during this period include the following; Boiler house Management Course, Energy Audit Course, Refrigeration Course and

Energy Lighting Course.

2005 2004

Workshop Income

Other Income

Car Free Day Contributions

Sponsorship Energy Efficiency Awards a a a

62,973

10,476 a

0

36,000 e109,449 a

57,720 a

19,293 a

150,000 a

0 e227,013

38

Notes to the Financial Statements year ended 31st December 2005

4. Remuneration and Other Pay Costs

The Authority is making the necessary deductions from salaries for employee pension contributions, which are remitted to the

Department of Communications , Marine and Natural Resources. The authority is not required to make employer contributions to the scheme.

2005 2004

Salaries

Employer's contribution to social welfare

Agency/Contract Staff

Board members emoluments a

2,541,337 a a

240,089 a

15,920

190,697 f2,988,043 a

2,478,854 a

225,991 a

117,768 a

200,546 f3,023,159

5. Recruitment, Training and Education

Staff Training & Recruitment

Staff Subscriptions & Publications

Staff Meetings a

229,654 a a

17,709

10,877 e258,240 a

126,199 a

17,826 a

3,073 e147,098

6. Advertising and Promotion

Advertising Costs

Print & Design

Sponsorship

Press Relations

Workshop Costs

Materials

General Promotional Activities

Development of Web Site a a a a

670,812

267,581 a

187,054

106,951 a a a

61,492

97,034

83,127

74,921 e1,548,972 a

468,410 a

356,949 a

271,288 a

171,914 a

171,740 a

117,230 a

76,106 a

50,025 e1,683,662

39

Notes to the Financial Statements year ended 31st December 2005

7. General Consultancy and Professional Fees

Sustainable Energy Services

Organisational Development

PR & Advertising

Industry & Boiler

Schools Programme

Consumer Research Study

EU Concerto Bid for funding

Energy Policy Statistical Support Unit

Other

Local Energy Agency Liaison

2005

a

11,047 a

185,870 a

13,042 a

120,165 a

9,832 a

48,400 a

108,164 a

48,955 a

41,669 a

0 f587,144

8. General Administration

Building & Other Service Charges

Travel & Subsistence - Staff

Repairs & Maintenance

Depreciation

Audit Fees - Internal

Telephone

Stationery

Other

- External

Insurance & Legal

- Board a

229,888 a

209,977 a

11,151 a

134,624 a

204,585 a

35,289 a

15,500 a

79,710 a

11,017 a

23,540 a

53,362 f1,008,643 a

245,133 a

204,495 a

19,302 a

62,141 a

91,401 a

35,054 a

15,000 a

43,821 a

8,946 a

16,581 a

51,624 f793,498

9. Built Environment

This sub-measure, which is aimed at improving the energy performance of the national building stock, has three separate components.

• The Public Sector Programme directs resources at improvements in public buildings allowing the public sector to play an exemplar role.

• Home Energy Rating is intended to develop an energy rating system to allow energy efficiency become a factor in home rental and purchase decisions.

• Low Income Housing addresses the energy efficiency aspects in homes occupied by fuel poor households.

2004

a

21,875 a

142,257 a

30,135 a

128,658 a

18,371 a

0 a

0 a

51,777 a

31,329 a

11,773 f436,175

40

Notes to the Financial Statements year ended 31st December 2005

9. Built Environment (Continued)

Low Income Housing

Grants Issued

Commissioned Studies/Reports

Programme Operation/Promotion

Public Sector Programme

Grants Issued

Commissioned Studies/Reports

Programme Operation/Promotion

Home Energy Rating

Commissioned Studies/Reports

Programme Operation/Promotion

2005

a 957,508 a 25,000 a 437,282 a 1,507,851 a 102,046 a 26,256 a 236,250 a 72,620 f3,364,813 a

2004

a 728,492 a 0 a 216,940

1,807,490 a 159,739 a 24,449 a 0 a 27,532 f2,964,642

10. Research and Development

The Research and Development sub measure supports the development and application of sustainable energy practices in Irish housing. It also offers support for projects aimed at generating and applying technologies, products, practices and information leading to the increased utilisation of renewable energy.

2005 2004

House of Tomorrow

Grants Issued

Commissioned Studies/Reports

Programme Operation/Promotion a 2,629,181 a 253,551 a 61,214 a a

810,468

121,562 a 56,319

Renewables

Grants Issued

Commissioned Studies/Reports

Educational Support

Programme Operation/Promotion

Industry

Grants Issued

Programme Operation/Promotion

Transport

Grants Issued a 1,459,687 a a a a

465,638

207,852

272,368 a 0

394,972 a 1,458,628 a a a a

886,835

183,642

475,189 a 0

494,831 a 0 f5,744,463 a 100,000 f4,587,474

41

Notes to the Financial Statements year ended 31st December 2005

11. Alternative Energy

This measure provides funding in three areas as follows: Electricity and Heat Infrastructure a69,273 , the pilot CHP/district heating programme a0 and the Renewable Energy Information Office (REIO) a671,324, which is a national service of SEI, established to promote the use of renewable energy resources.

2005 2004

Grants Issued

Commissioned Studies/Reports

Programme Operation/Promotion a

714,423 a a

6,521

19,653 f740,597 a

717,188 a

88,831 a

11,457 f817,476

12. Fixed Assets

Fixed Assets 2005

Cost :

As at 01 Jan 2005

Additions

Disposals

As at 31 Dec 2005

Depreciation:

As at 01 Jan 2005

Charge for Period

As at 31 Dec 2005

Net Book Amount

As at 31 December 2005

As at 31 December 2004

Computer

Equipment and Software

g

254,072

267,067

0

521,139

94,376

177,470

271,846

249,293

159,696

Fixtures and

Fittings

g

61,487

8,258

0

69,745

28,171

18,965

47,136

22,609

33,316

Motor

Vehicles

g

40,750

0

0

40,750

15,621

8,150

23,771

16,979

25,129

Total

g

356,309

275,325

0

631,634

138,168

204,585

342,753

288,881

218,141

42

Notes to the Financial Statements year ended 31st December 2005

13. Debtors

Car free day sponsorship

Sponsorship Energy Efficiency awards

EU Contracts

2005

a 0 a 36,000 a 14,500 f50,500

2004

a 100,000 a 0 a 3,200 f103,200

14. Creditors

Retained staff superannuation

Trade Creditors a 0 a 120,616 f120,616 a 291,660 a 290,473 f582,133

15. Capital Account

Opening Balance

Transfer from Income & Expenditure Account

To fund Fixed Asset Additions

Amortisation in line with asset Depreciation a 218,141 a 275,325

(a204,585) a 70,740 f288,881

Balance at End of Year

16. Employees

Permanent Staff

The average number of permanent employees for the period was 9. (2004: 12)

Contract Staff

The average number of contract staff resources employed by Sustainable Energy Ireland for the period was 34. (2004: 30) a 178,572 a 130,970

(a91,401) a 39,569 f218,141

43

Notes to the Financial Statements year ended 31st December 2005

17. FRS17

17 (A)

SEI operates unfunded defined benefit superannuation schemes for staff.

The results set out below are based on an actuarial valuation of the pension liabilities in respect of serving and former staff of SEI as at

31 December 2005. This valuation was carried out by a qualified independent actuary for the purposes of the accounting standard,

Financial Reporting Standard No. 17 – Retirement Benefits (FRS 17).

The main financial assumptions used were:

Discount rate

Rate of increase in salaries

Rate of increase in pensions

Inflation

at 31/12/05

5.5%

4.0%

4.0%

2.0%

at 31/12/04

5.5%

4.0%

4.0%

2.0%

at 31/12/03

6.0%

4.0%

4.0%

2.0%

2005

a

670,000 a

270,000 f940,000

2004

a

440,000 a

210,000 f650,000

Analysis of Total Pension Charges

Current Service Costs

Interest on pension scheme liabilities

Pension Cost in the period

17 (B)

Analysis of the movement in liability during the year

Scheme liability at 1 January

Current service cost

Interest cost

Actuarial loss/(gain)

Benefits paid in the year

Net Deferred Funding for Pensions for the Year

Funding recoverable in respect of current year pension costs

State Grant applied to pay pensions a

5,000,000 a

670,000 a

270,000 a

194,000

(a34,000) f6,100,000 a

3,500,000 a

440,000 a

210,000 a

882,000

(a32,000) f5,000,000 a

940,000

(a34,000) f906,000 a

650,000

(a32,000) f618,000

44

Notes to the Financial Statements year ended 31st December 2005

17 (B) (Continued)

SEI recognises these amounts as an asset corresponding to the unfunded deferred liability for pensions on the basis of the set of assumptions described above and a number of past events. These events include the statutory basis for the establishment of the superannuation scheme, (SEI’s scheme is currently awaiting approval from the Department of Finance) and the policy and practice currently in place in relation to funding public service pensions including contributions by employees and the annual estimates process. SEI has no evidence that this funding policy will not continue to meet such sums in accordance with current practice.

The deferred funding asset for pensions as at 31 December 2005 amounted to a6,100,000 (2004: a5,000,000).

The quantification of the liability is based on the financial assumptions set out above. The assumptions used are advised to the

Department of Communication Marine and Natural Resources but are not formally agreed with the department.

17 (C)

History of experience gains and losses

Experience losses/(gains) on scheme liabilities

Amount (a)

Percentage of the present value of the scheme liabilities

2005

a

194,000

3%

2004

a

212,000

4%

Total amount recognised in the Statement of Total

Recognised Gains and Losses (STRGL)

Amount (a)

Percentage of the present value of the scheme liabilities

Analysis of amount recognised in STRGL

Experience losses/(gains) arising on scheme liabilities

Changes in assumptions

Actuarial loss/(gain) recognised in STRGL

a

194,000

3% a 194,000 a 0 f194,000 a

882,000

18% a 212,000 a 670,000 f882,000

17 (D)

Effect of Change in Accounting Policy

The effect of the change in accounting policy arising from the introduction of FRS 17 is to recognise as expenditure in the year the cost of pensions earned rather than the payments made to pensioners, and a corresponding funding amount. In addition, the Balance Sheet recognises the cumulative liability for pensions earned by employees as at 31 December 2005 together with a corresponding asset, whereas previously this liability was disclosed by note only.

18. Commitments

It is estimated that future payments likely to arise from commitments entered into under various support schemes will amount to a 18,079,839 (2004: a16,103,789).

45

Notes to the Financial Statements year ended 31st December 2005

19. Board members – Disclosure of Interests

The Board adopted procedures in accordance with section 18 of the Sustainable Energy Act 2002.

20. Premises

SEI occupies, under license, buildings owned by Enterprise Ireland.

21. Taxation

In accordance with section 227 of the Taxes Consolidation Act 1997 no taxation was paid or has to be provided for in the financial statements.

22. Comparative figures

Certain comparative figures for the year have been regrouped and restated on the same basis as those for the current year.

23. Approval of Financial Statements

The Board approved the financial statements on the 24 May 2006.

46

Tuairisc Bhliantúil

2005

Is é an misean atá againn ná cuidiú le forbairt fuinnimh inmharthana agus é a chur chun cinn

Fuinneamh Inmharthana Éireann

Glas Naíon

Baile Átha Cliath 9

Éire t +353 1 836 9080 f +353 1 837 2848 e [email protected]

w www.sei.ie

This publication is printed on environmentally friendly paper

Sustainable Energy Ireland is funded by the Irish Government under the National Development Plan 2000-2006 with programmes part financed by the European Union

Clár

Ráiteas an Chathaoirligh

Athbhreithniú an Phríomhfheidhmeannaigh

Gníomhaithe Straitéiseacha/Réimsí Tosaíochta

1. Fuinneamh Inathnuaite

1.1 RERD&D

1.2 Forbairt Uasghrádaithe Greille

1.3 CHP

1.4 Bithfhuinneamh

2. An Timpeallacht Thógtha

2.1 Tithe an Lae Amárach

2.2 Rátáil Fuinnimh ag Baile

2.3 An Earnáil Phoiblí

2.4 Tithíocht ar Ioncam Íseal

3. Fuinneamh Tionsclaíoch

3.1 Comhaontuithe

3.2 LIEN

3.3 Cur Chun Cinn na Teicneolaíochta

4. An Tomhaltóir

4.1 Feasacht Tomhaltóirí

4.2 REIO

4.3 Clár do Scoileanna

5. Comhairle agus Tacaíocht Pholasaí

5.1 Comhairle agus Tacaíocht Pholasaí do Ghníomhaireachtaí Rialtais & Stáit

5.2 Comhordú R&D an AE

5.3 Comhoibriú Idirnáisiúnta

5.4 Gníomhaíochtaí Tacaíochta d’Eagraíochtaí Comhlacha

5.5 Staitisticí Fuinnimh

Rialachán

An Bord

Tuarascáil Riaracháin

Foilseacháin i 2005

Tionscadail Cheadaithe

Ráitis Airgeadais

Ráiteas ar an gCóras Rialaithe Airgeadais Inmheánaigh

Freagrachtaí an Bhoird

Tuarascáil an Ard-Reachtaire Cuntas agus Ciste

Polasaithe Cuntasaíochta

Cuntas Ioncaim agus Caiteachais

Clár Comhardaithe

Nótaí a ghabhann leis na Ráitis Airgeadais

10

11

12

13

14

15

16

2

3

4

8

9

6

7

20

21

21

23

25

17

18

19

27

28

30

31

35

36

37

38

32

33

34

2

Ráiteas an Chathaoirligh

'Go maire tú i saol suimiúil’. Ní raibh an oiread ciall riamh leis an mallacht Síneach coitianta sin agus a bhí i 2005. Lean praghsanna ola agus gáis ag dul i méid. Lean geopholaitíocht an Mheánoirthir ag cinntiú go bhféadfaí amach anseo cur isteach ar an soláthar as an gcuid sin den domhan ina bhfuil formhór na hola saor atá fágtha lonnaithe. Agus mar sin níl aon amhras ach go dtiocfaidh

‘méadú’ ar phraghsanna.

Cad ba chóir dúinn a dhéanamh i saol atá ag éirí níos neamhchinnte in aghaidh an lae? Luíonn réiteach na faidhbe ar ndóigh i mbreis fuinnimh a chaomhnú agus níos mó inathnuaití a úsáid. Ciallaíonn caomhnú fuinnimh fuinneamh a chur i dtaisce áit a bhfuil na costais a bhaineann leis sin a dhéanamh níos lú ná na buntáistí. Ciallaíonn forbairt inathnuaití ar an tslí chéanna an scair inathnuaití a mhéadú áit ar mó na buntáistí ná na costais. Ionas go ndéanfaimis é sin ar bhealach comhtháite agus ar mhaithe le leas an phobail caithfimid eolas maith a bheith againn a bheidh cothrom le dáta faoin gcostas reatha, feidhmiú fuinnimh agus comhshaoil, tuiscint a bheith againn ar na srianta a bhaineann le cosc a chur ar dhul chun cinn réasúnta agus conas iad a mhaolú, agus fios a bheith againn cad iad na roghanna agus cé chomh héifeachtach atá siad, agus conas iad a chleachtadh. An bhfuil sé de dhualgas ar

Fuinneamh Inmharthana Éireann aghaidh a thabhairt orthu sin ionas go mbeidh sé níos éasca ag gach duine - úinéirí tí, tionscal, an tionscal tógála, an earnáil phoiblí, feirmeoirí, iad sin atá ag obair i gcúrsaí tráchtála agus iompair - gníomhú go dearfach maidir le forbairt inathnuaite agus caomhnú fuinnimh.

Tá sé mar dhualgas orainn freisin forbairt polasaithe rialtais a threorú sna cásanna sin, agus iad a chur i bhfeidhm.

Cuireann an tuarascáil bhliantúil seo dóthain fianaise ar fáil dúinn faoinár dtiomantas freastal ar rud ar tosaíocht náisiúnta tábhachtach é anois. Táim sásta agus mórtasach as an méid a bhaineamar amach i 2005, agus tuigim freisin nach mbeidh an saol amach anseo ar nós an tsaol a chuaigh thart, agus go dtreiseoidh agus go n-athróidh éilimh. Táimid sásta go bhfuil athrú ar fhuinneamh sa saol corparáide mar imní atá bogtha as an seomra beag go dtí an seomra mór, agus go bhfuil an pobal níos dáiríre freisin faoin scéal, mar dhúshlán airgeadais agus freisin mar fhreagracht sóisialta agus comhshaoil. Tá sé i gceist againn amach anseo dlús a chur lenár gcuid oibre leis an bpobal.

Ba mhór agam buíochas a ghlacadh leis an Aire Dempsey agus lena chuid oifigeach as an gcomhthéacs dearfach agus bríomhar ina n-oibrímid le chéile chun freastal ar na dúshláin sin a chruthú agus a choinneáil.Táim buíoch freisn do na geallshealbhóirí poiblí agus príobháideacha éagsúla lena mbímid ag obair go laethúil agus muid go léir meáite Éire a bheith mar shampla don domhan i dtaca le caomhnú fuinnimh agus forbairt inathnuaite.Treisím leis an bpobal mar go mbíonn siadsan freisin ag obair linn chun na dúshláin agus na deiseanna móra a bhaineann le caomhnú fuinnimh agus forbairt inathnuaite a chomhlíonadh. Ar deireadh, agus an píosa is tábhachtaí ar fad, ba mhaith liom, thar ceann an bhoird, aitheantas a thabhairt don obair mhór a rinne ár bPríomhfheidhmeannach, an bhainistíocht agus an fhoireann, a leanann ag freastal ar éilimh níos mó agus níos déine, agus a dhéanann é sin le gairmiúlacht, samhlaíocht agus le deamhéin. Agus beimid ag tnúth le saol i bhfad níos spéisiúla fós amach anseo.

Frank J. Convery

Cathaoirleach

Tuarascáil an

Phríomhfheidhmeannaigh

Bhain praghsanna fuinnimh níos airde agus níos éiginnte leis an timpeallacht sheachtrach inar fheidhmigh SEI ann i

2005. Chuidigh SEI leis an bhfeasacht institiúide, gnó agus poiblí atá ag dul i méid faoin tionchar eacnamúil agus comhshaoil fadtéarmach a bheidh ag iontaofacht ard na hÉireann ar fhuinneamh breosla iontaise allmhairithe. Chuir foilsiú Security of Supply Metrics agus Energy in Ireland

1990–2004 le hAonad Tacaíochta Staitistiúil agus Polasaí

Fuinnimh an SEI léargais bhreise agus fíricí inluaite ar fáil don phobal fuinnimh i gcoitinn.

I measc forbairtí rialála móra i 2005 bhí bunú Scéim Trádála

Astuithe an AE, Prótacal Kyoto a dhaingniú agus tiomantas an

AE i leith Páipéar Glas ar Éifeachtact Fuinnimh a ullmhú.Tá SEI ag cuidiú leis an tionscal freagra straitéiseach struchtúrach a thabhairt ar na forbairtí sin.Thug an Clár Tionscail tacaíocht d’fhorbairt Chaighdeán Bainistíochta Fuinnimh IS 393 agus comhaontuithe deonacha a chur le chéile leis an tionscal.

Táimse mar ionadaí ag an SEI ar an nGrúpa Comhairleach

Leithdháilte Náisiúnta, a thugann comhairle don EPA maidir le liúntais astuithe a leithdháileadh ar an earnáil trádála. Ina aighneacht chuig an Rialtas ar Pháipéar Glas an AE ar

Éifeachtacht Fuinnimh, rinne SEI formhuiniú go fonnmhar ar thionscnamh an Choimisiúin agus d’fháiltigh roimh an bhfócas polasaí breise ar éifeachtacht fuinnimh.

Oibríonn cláir rialtais a bhíonn éifeachtach le fórsaí margaidh, agus ar cheann de na cláir SEI is mó ar éirigh leis i 2005 bhí Clár

Tithe an Lae Amárach.Tá spéis léirithe ag forbróirí agus ag soláthróirí araon sa chlár agus tá an tomhaltóir níos tógtha anois le tithe atá éifeachtach ó thaobh fuinnimh agus lena nacmhainneacht.Tá méadú mór tagtha ar ghníomhaíocht an chláir le dhá mhí dhéag anuas de réir mar a tháinig méadú faoi thrí ar na cistí a cuireadh ar fáil do thionscadail i 2005.

D’éascaigh SEI freisin an próiseas comhairliúcháin ar dhréacht phlean na hÉireann chun an Treoir ar Fheidhmiú Fuinnimh i bhFoirgnimh a chur i bhfeidhm. Mar thoradh ar an bpróiseas sin, agus an feachtas cur chun cinn chun feasacht a chruthú faoin Treoir, tá Rátáil Fuinnimh Tithe áirithe go sainiúil sa meascán margaíochta ag roinnt soláthróirí agus déantúsóirí tí.

Bhí SEI ag obair le soláthróirí teicneolaíochta chun líonra a bhunú a chuirfidh úsáid táirgí éifeachtach ó thaobh fuinnimh chun cinn i bhfoirgnimh.

Baineadh amach ceann de na buaicphointí tábhachtacha i gcás polasaí fuinnimh inathnuaite i 2005: ó mhí na Nollag 2005, ceanglaíodh 493 MW cumhacht gaoithe le córas leictreachais

Phoblacht na hÉireann, ceanglaíodh beagnach 240MW de sin le linn 2005, an bhliain ab fhearr ó thaobh naisc feirmeacha gaoithe. D'ainneoin deacrachtaí a bhí ann i 2004, lean an margadh infheistíochta i leictreachas ginte ag an ngaoth.Tá

225MW breise feirmeacha gaoithe le comhaontuithe nasctha sínithe curtha ar chonradh le nascadh le linn 2006.

D’ullmhaigh SEI, ag obair le Inathnuaití Gnímh i dTuaisceart

Éireann, dréacht pháipéar comhairliúcháin ar leictreachas bunaithe ar fhuinneamh inathnuaite i gcomhthéacs uileoileán. Nochtaigh Airí Thuaidh agus Theas é mar ‘Fís do 2020’, agus cuireadh fáilte mhór roimhe agus tugadh freagraí andearfacha air. Chuir SEI na freagraí i dtoll a chéile agus cuireadh amach iad ag deireadh na bliana.

In ainneoin na hoibre sin ar fad, tá sé soiléir go bhfuil cur chuige comhtháite a bhfuil a mbunús i bpleanáil spáis agus i soláthar iompair riachtanach má tá sochaí na hÉireann chun freagra réasúnach a thabhairt i dtodhchaí ina bhfuil praghsanna arda fuinnimh. Ag obair le príomh geallsealbhóirí i nDún Dealgan, tá fís curtha in iúl ag SEI – ‘Dún Dealgan 2020’ – a léiríonn cad is féidir le tacaíocht riaracháin agus le cur chuige margaidh a bhaint amach ó thaobh fuinnimh inathnuaite a chur chun cinn. Cuireann an coimisiúnú a rinneadh i 2005 ar an tuirbín gaoithe ag Institiúid Teicneolaíochta Dhún Dealgan le tacaíocht an SEI breise fianaise shiombaileach agus phraiticiúil ar fáil faoi cad atá beartaithe a dhéanamh.

D’fhógair an tAire Airgeadais ag deireadh na bliana i gCáinaisnéis 2006 clár tacaíochta fuinnimh inathnuaite cúig bliana ar fiú a65 milliún é, agus ainmníodh SEI lena sheachadadh. Is í an ghné is mó tábhachta den chlár ná an

Clár Teasa Tí Inathnuaite ar fiú a25-27 milliún é, a thabharfaidh dúshlán mór don SEI i 2006, ceann a gcuirfidh sé fáilte roimhe. Tá maoiniú breise a2 milliún leithroinnte ar

Chlár Tithíochta Ioncam-Íseal an SEI tríd an Roinn Gnóthaí

Sóisialacha agus Teaghlaigh.

Ceann de na gnéithe is mó a mbaineann duine sásamh astu ag obair sa réimse a bhaineann le fuinneamh inathnuaite ná an luach a chuireann ár gcuid cliaint ar a gcuid oibre.Tugann

éiteas seirbhíse poiblí an SEI dúshlán dúinn freastal ar ghné saoil ina mbítear ar thóir níos mó agus níos eolais, comhairle agus tacaíochta. Is é sprioc an SEI an úsáid is fearr a bhaint as na hacmhainní atá bronnta air chun oibriú leis an éagsúlacht leathan gnó, aonáin institiúideacha agus phoiblí a dhéanfaidh go bunúsach seachadadh ar an ngeilleagar fuinnimh inmharthana a bhfuilimid ar fad meáite ina leith.

Ba mhór agam mo bhuíochas a ghabháil le mo chomhghleacaithe i SEI, do Bhord an SEI agus dóibh sin ar fad a bhí inár dteannta agus muid ag cur fuinneamh inmharthana chun cinn in Éirinn.

David Taylor

Príomhfheidhmeannach

3

Gníomhaithe

Straitéiseacha

Fuinneamh Inathnuaite

RERD&D

Forbairt Uasghrádaithe Greille

CHP

Bithfhuinneamh

An Timpeallacht Thógtha

Tithe an Lae Amárach

Rátáil Fuinnimh ag Baile

An Earnáil Phoiblí

Tithíocht ar Ioncam Íseal

Fuinneamh Tionsclaíoch

Comhaontuithe

LIEN

Cur Chun Cinn na Teicneolaíochta

An Tomhaltóir

Feasacht Tomhaltóirí

REIO

Clár do Scoileanna

Comhairle agus Tacaíocht Pholasaí

Comhairle agus Tacaíocht Pholasaí don Rialtas/Obair Sheachtrach

Comhordú R&D an AE

Comhoibriú Seachtrach

Gníomhaíochtaí Tacaíochta d’Eagraíochtaí Comhlacha

Staitisticí Fuinnimh

Maitrís clár a chuidíonn leis an SEI a chuid spriocanna polasaí a sheachadadh

4

Réimsí Tosaíochta an SEI

Fuinneamh Inathnuaite

Tá fuinneamh inathnuaite in ann teas agus cumhacht ghlan agus thíosach a chur ar fáil. Cuireann foinsí inathnuaite fuinnimh roghanna malartacha ar fáil in ionad a bheith ag brath ar bhreoslaí iontaise, mar bhealach chun astuithe cheaptha teasa dainséaracha a laghdú agus chun deiseanna a thabhairt gan a bheith ag brath ar bhreoslaí allmhairithe an oiread sin.

Cuidíonn taighde leanúnach agus tacaíocht infheistíochta, trí chláir de chuid an SEI, na coinníollacha a leagan síos chun adhmad, teicneolaíochtaí mara/farraige agus bithfhuinnimh a

úsáid ar an scála mór.

An Tomhaltóir

Soláthraíonn an SEI sprioc-eolas chun feasacht tomhaltóirí a ardú maidir leis an tionchar comhshaoil a bhaineann le húsáid fuinnimh agus chun eolas a sholáthar ar roghanna chun inmharthanacht níos mó a bhaint amach.

Dírítear ar eolas a thabhairt do thomhaltóirí faoin gcumas atá ag gach duine acu tomhaltas fuinnimh a laghdú.Tarraingítear aird freisin ar dheiseanna infheistíochta i dtaca le teicneolaíochtaí fuinnimh inmharthana. Féachtar le hoideachas a chur ar leanaí

óga na linne seo trí chlár gníomhach scoileanna bunaithe ar an gcuraclam.

An Timpeallacht Thógtha

Díríonn an SEI ar an earnáil chónaitheach, ar chuideachtaí beaga, agus ar fhoirgnimh phoiblí mar oifigí áitiúla agus scoileanna laistigh den timpeallacht thógtha, agus é ag cur éifeachtacht fuinnimh chun cinn. Soláthraítear tacuithe éagsúla chun cleachtais fuinnimh inmharthana a chur chun cinn i dtithíocht na hÉireann.

Ina measc sin tá samhail de thionscadail taispeántais a bhfuil sé ar a gcumas tionchar a bheith acu ar an margadh agus aithris a dhéanamh air.

Cuirtear béim ar an stoc tithíochta roimh 1980, le bearta eile i gcás

úinéirí tí ar ioncam íseal agus cuirtear rátáil fuinnimh thógála chun cinn. Déantar taighde ar mhaithe le leas an phobail chun polasaí a threorú agus easnaimh agus bacanna a aithint maidir le feabhsúcháin feidhmithe fuinnimh.

Fuinneamh Tionsclaíoch

Oibríonn an SEI i gcomhar le tionscal na hÉireann chun dlús fuinnimh na hearnála fiontar a laghdú agus cuidíonn sé le tionscal na hÉireann cur chúige nua agus níos éifeachtaí a ghlacadh ó thaobh costais fuinnimh a bhainistiú.

Tacaíonn cláir thionscail le bearta chun aghaidh a thabhairt ar chliseadh sa mhargadh trí (i) eolas a sholáthar, (ii) fíorú agus taispeántas agus (iii) deimhniúchán agus tagarmharcáil. Bíonn an

SEI i mbun tionscnamh d’fhiontair thionsclaíocha ar mheán-mhéid i dtaca le dea-chleachtas a ghlacadh i bhfoirm caighdeáin sainaitheanta a fhaigheann tacaíocht ó dheimhniúchán.

Comhairle agus Tacaíocht Pholasaí

Soláthraíonn an SEI comhairle agus tacaíocht pholasaí don Aire

Cumarsáide, Mara agus Acmhainní Nádúrtha, don Roinn

Cumarsáide, Mara agus Acmhainní Nádúrtha (DCMNR), d’airí agus do ranna rialtais eile, chomh maith le soláthróirí fuinnimh agus

úsáideoirí fuinnimh. Gníomhaíonn an SEI mar fhócas chun comhordú a dhéanamh ar chomhairle, aiseolas agus tacaíocht do raon páirtithe leasmhara, lena n-áirítear ranna rialtais agus airí rialtais. Cuireann an SEI moltaí agus roghanna le chéile chun freastal ar pholasaithe rialtais atá ann agus a d’fhéadfadh a bheith ann chomh maith le spriocanna fuinnimh inmharthana le linn de a bheith ag comhlíonadh na hoibleagáide sin; lena chois sin, tugann sé freagra ar cheisteanna ó ranna rialtais agus ó airí rialtais, agus cuireann sé eolas agus seirbhísí gaolmhara ar fáil dóibh.

Tá an SEI freagrach freisin as staitisticí náisiúnta agus earnála cuimsitheacha a fhorbairt agus a chothabháil i dtaca le táirgeadh, athrú agus úsáid dheiridh fuinnimh.

Foireann Bainstíochta SEI

An líne chúl ó chlé: Declan Meally, Tom Halpin, Morgan Bazilian,

Kevin O’Rourke.

An líne thosaigh ó chlé: Katrina Polaski, David Taylor (CEO),

Majella Kelleher.

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Fuinneamh Inathnuaite

1.1 Clár Taighde, Forbartha &

Taispeántais Fuinnimh Inathnuaite

(RERD&D)

Is é sprioc an Chláir RERD&D ná dlús a chur le feidhmiú teicneolaíochta fuinnimh inathnuaite ar mhargadh na hÉireann. Baintear é sin amach trí thacú le forbairt agus taighde táirge, le gníomhaíocht taispeántais ar an margadh agus le staidéir a dhéanann imscrúdú ar bhacanna ar an margadh.

Soláthraíonn an clár seo tacaíocht do theicneolaíochtaí a dhéanann iarracht fuinneamh na gaoithe agus na farraige a chosaint, sampla de sin ná déantúsaíocht chomhpháirteanna tuirbíní gaoithe.Trí thacú le taispeántóirí teicneolaíochta, mar a tharlaíonn sa réimse a bhaineann le bithbhreoslaí leachta, faightear eolas maidir lena gcostas agus an cumas atá acu cuidiú le spriocanna fuinnimh straitéiseacha na hÉireann.Tugann an clár tacaíocht chomh maith do staidéir ar mhaithe leis an bpobal a sholáthraíonn cúnamh d’earnálacha fuinnimh inathnuaite in Éirinn. Clúdaíonn taighde sa réimse sin topaicí mar staidéir ar mhargaidh acmhainne, eacnamaíocha agus teicniúla.

Caiteachas 2005: a2.4 milliún

Príomhghnóthachain i 2005

Cuireadh tús le hobair thógála ar Hidrea-thionscadal Ceann Íseal Termonbarry ar abhainn na Sionainne i 2005, agus tugadh damba stórála chun críche faoi

Shamhain na bliana 2005. Baineann an tionscadal, a tháirgeoidh 440kW cumhacht leictreachais, úsáid as meascán sainiúil de thuirbíní a dearadh in

Éirinn agus dearadh le beagán éifeachta ó thaobh an amhairc chun an tionscadal a chomhtháthú isteach sa struchtúr cora atá cheana féin ag

Termonbarry.Táthar ag súil go bhféadfar aithris a dhéanamh ar an sampla seo de dhearadh hidreachumhachta atá neamhdhíobhálach don chomhshaol ag suímh eile atá íogaireach ó thaobh an amhairc.

Tugadh dearadh, tógáil agus suiteáil córais fuinnimh inathnuaite comhtháite d’Óstán Inse Duine chun críche i 2005.Tá 80m 2 de phainéil teirmeacha gréine mar chuid den tionscadal chun uisce te a chur ar fáil san óstán agus 3 x 150kW coirí bithmhaise millíní-adhmaid KWB chun teas a chur ar fáil. Leis an gcóras bithmhaise tá áis stórála millíní-adhmaid atá in ann 25 tonna breosla a stóráil.

Teastóidh 350 tonna millíní adhmaid ón áis gach bliain. Le mion-athruithe breise chun fuinneamh a shábháil, táthar ag súil go laghdóidh an áis seo astuithe CO

2 bliantúla de thart ar 520 tonna.

Tá Hydam ag forbairt coincheap fuinnimh tonnta, i ndiaidh Prótacal Forbartha

Fuinnimh Tonnta a moladh a thugann cuntas ar bhealach forbartha struchtúrach i dtaca le teicneolaíocht fuinnimh mhara.Tá an Prótacal leagtha amach chun an riosca agus an costas a bhaineann le forbairt córais fuinnimh mhara a choinneáil chomh íseal agus is féidir.Tá an chéad chéim den phrótacal sin tugtha chun críche ag Hydam trí shamhail theoiriciúil den choincheap a fhorbairt.Tabharfaidh an tsamhail sin deis barrfeabhas a chur ar an bhfearas le ríomhairí, agus beidh feidhmiú fuinnimh níos fearr mar thoradh air sin agus brabúsacht níos fearr don dearadh ag íoschostas.

Cás-Staidéar: Tionscadal Greenblade (An Cheathrú Rua, Co. na Gaillimhe)

Is fiú gar do a1 billiún sa bhliain anois an margadh lanna tuirbíní gaoithe domhanda, le ráta fáis bhliantúil 10% tuartha. Tá Gaoth Tec Teo ag forbairt

Greenblade, lann tuirbín gaoithe teirmeaplaisteach ilchodach nua a bheidh

24% níos saoire le déanamh ná lanna atá ann cheana. Beidh an lann níos éadroime agus níos friotaíche ar iarmhairtí ná na cinn atá ann cheana. Cinntíonn an úsáid a bhaintear as ábhair theirmeaplaisteacha go mbeidh an lann tuirbín 100% inathnuaite agus ní chuirfidh siad aon astuithe amach san atmaisféar le linn próiseála. Leis an gcoincheap sin a léiriú, déanfar sraith lanna a bheidh 12m ar fad agus tástálfar iad ar thuirbín gaoithe. Tá dearadh agus tógáil na huirlise déantúsaíochta tugtha chun críche ag Gaoth Tec agus tá lanna samplacha déanta acu chun na próisis déantúsaíochta a bhailiú.

Mar chuid den tionscadal sin, tá roinnt lanna samplacha curtha ar fáil ag Mitsubishi

Heavy Industries Ltd. chun cuidiú le dearadh na próifíle aereiteoige.Tabharfaidh

Gaoth Tec na lanna do Mitsubishi le tástáil gaoithe a dhéanamh ar thuirbín gaoithe atá ann cheana. Ar an mbealach sin, féadfar comparáid dhíreach a dhéanamh idir feidhmiú Greenblade agus an lanna tuirbín traidisiúnta.

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1.2 Clár Forbartha Uasghrádaithe Greille

Is iad príomhchuspóirí an Chláir Forbartha Uasghrádaithe Greille (GUDP) ná fáil réidh leis na dídhreasachtaí láidre a bhaineann le bheith ar an gcéad tionscadal fuinnimh inathnuaite i limistéar le drochbhonneagar leictreachais. Díreofar ar barrfheabhas a chur ar an mbonneagar leictreachais atá ar fáil sa sprioclimistéar.

Tá sí mar aidhm ag an gclár seo aghaidh a thabhairt ar na srianta greille a fheictear i limistéir nach bhfuil oiriúnach le haghaidh nasc leictreachais inathnuaite agus gineadóirí CHP atá beag agus ar mheán-mhéid.Tá an DCMNR freagrach as an gclár a chur i bhfeidhm. Cuidíonn an SEI, mar is cuí, lena fheidhmiú agus bhí sé rannpháirteach sa ghrúpa stiúrtha.

Tá siad seo a leanas i measc ghnéithe den chlár:

• Forbairt a dhéanamh ar chlár dírithe chun an bonneagar greille a shíneadh agus a fhorfheidhmiú i gcás inathnuachtí

• Imscrúdú a dhéanamh ar iarmhairt an leictreachas a ghineann an ghaoth, agus na héifeachtaí a bhíonn ag idirnascadh, ar an líonra

• Cistí a chur ar leataobh chun an líonra leithdháilte agus tarchuir a uasghrádú

Caiteachas 2005: Freagracht an DCMNR

Príomhghnóthachain i 2005

Tá na príomhshócmhainní nasctha do Chnuasach

Corderry i gCo. Liatroma tógtha agus coimisiúnaithe.

Tá trí thionscadal feirme gaoithe le 18.36MW ar an iomlán nasctha agus i mbun oibre (Altagowlan,

Black Banks II agus Moneenatieve). Táthar chun dhá fheirm ghaoithe eile, Geevagh agus Caranne

Hill, a nascadh i bhFeabhra agus i Meitheamh

2006, faoi seach.

Tháinig an DCMNR ar chomhaontú leis an gCoimisiún um Rialáil Fuinnimh chun maoiniú

GUDP a chur ar fáil don Ghrúpscéim Phróiseála, a cuireadh i bhfeidhm chun déileáil leis an riaráiste iarratas ar nascadh.

Tá maoiniú GUDP tiomnaithe le haghaidh 192MW i gcumas nasctha.

Cás-Staidéar: Staidéar Greille Uile-Oileáin

Ar an 25 Iúil 2005 d’eisigh Rialtas Phoblacht na hÉireann agus Rialtas Thuaisceart Éireann réamhpháipéar comhairliúcháin ar “Fís 2020” uile-oileáin i dtaca le fuinneamh inathnuaite.

D’fhéach an páipéar le tuairimí a fháil maidir le comhstraitéis a fhorbairt chun leictreachas as fuinneamh inathnuaite a sholáthar laistigh den mhargadh fuinnimh uile-oileáin suas go dtí 2020 agus ina dhiaidh sin, ionas go leanfaidh tomhaltóirí, ó

Thuaidh agus ó Theas, ag baint leasa as rochtain ar sholáthairtí fuinnimh inmharthana a bheidh ar fáil ag costas iomaíoch. Féachadh le tuairimí a fháil ar conas ab fhearr forbairt a dhéanamh ar an mbonneagar leictreachais ar an oileáin chun deis a thabhairt an úsáid is mó a bhaint as fuinneamh inathnuaite.

Bunaíodh Grúpa Stiúrtha Staidéir Greille

Uile-Oileáin chun comhlánú na staidéar a shonrú agus a mhaoirsiú agus mhol sé staidéar greille uile-oileáin ina mbeadh na sruthanna-oibre seo a leanas:

• Imscrúdú a dhéanamh ar na saincheisteanna acmhainne inathnuaite do 2020 agus tuairisc a thabhairt ar na sonraí a bhaineann le meascán acmhainní inathnuaite chun freastal ar raon roghanna

• Imscrúdú a dhéanamh ar chomh mór agus a d’fhéadfaí freastal ar ghiniúint neamh-inseolta nó inseolta i bpáirt sa chóras uile-oileáin i dtéarmaí éagsúlachta agus intuarthachta

• Imscrúdú a dhéanamh ar roghanna forbartha líonra i gcás raon leibhéil treáite giniúna inathnuaite

• Imscrúdú a dhéanamh ar an tionchar agus ar na buntáistí eacnamaíocha agus leasa a bhainfeadh le leibhéil ghiniúna inathnuaite éagsúla

Bhí an SEI rannpháirteach sa ghrúpa stiúrtha don staidéar greille uile-oileáin agus tá sé ag cuidiú leis an ngrúpa na sonraíochtaí tairisceana a fhorbairt agus an glaoch ar thairiscintí a eisiúint.

7

1.3 CHP

Is éard atá i gceist le cumhacht is teas in éineacht ná teas agus leictreachas inúsáidte a ghiniúint le chéile i bpróiseas singil.Tá sí mar aidhm ag an gClár

CHP feasacht a mhéadú faoi na buntáistí atá le CHP agus airgeadaithe a spreagadh chun tacú le tionscadail CHP, agus go bunúsach go spreagfaí daoine chun an teicneolaíocht a úsáid.

Tá gnéithe mar luacháil ar acmhainn teasa dúiche in Éirinn agus staidéir fhéidearthachta/pleananna píolótacha le haghaidh tionscadail CHP nuálaíochta mar chuid de straitéis chlár CHP an SEI. Soláthraíonn sé tacaíocht maidir le coir rialaithe agus reachtúil

CHP agus cuidíonn sé leis an Rialtas polasaí CHP a fhorbairt.

Caiteachas i 2005: a0.08 milliún

Príomhghnóthachain i 2005

Chuir an Grúpa Straitéise CHP a thuarascáil deiridh isteach chuig DCMNR i mí na

Nollag 2005. San áireamh leis an tuarascáil deiridh tá ionchur ó raon leathan páirtithe leasmhara agus tá léarscáil bhóthair ann chun polasaí agus gníomh

Rialtais a chur i bhfeidhm ar shaincheisteanna a bhaineann leis an CHP.

Tá moltaí le fáil sa tuarascáil do na réimsí seo a leanas:

• Na timpeallachtaí is fearr ina bhféadfaí monarchana CHP a shuiteáil iontu chun an leas is fearr a bhaint as éifeachtachtaí fuinnimh

• Na roghanna polasaí agus sásraí tacaíochta atá ar fáil don Rialtas chun

úsáid chuí agus úsáid níos mó a spreagadh i dtaca le CHP

• Sain-mholtaí le haghaidh gníomhartha a mhéadódh treá CHP ag

áiteanna/suiteálacha cuí in Éirinn

• Tuairimí maidir le polasaí náisiúnta ar CHP a chur i bhfeidhm, bunaithe ar spriocanna céimithe is indéanta a bhaint amach

Tá feasacht CHP curtha chun cinn freisin ag an SEI trí threoir de theicneolaíocht

CHP a fhorbairt agus ríomhchlár idirghníomhach ar líne chun luacháil sainsuímh de CHP mar bhealach chun fuinneamh a shábháil a éascú.

Cás-Staidéar: Grainger Sawmills Teo.

Chuidigh clár RERD&D an SEI leis an gcéad mhonarcha bithmhaise CHP Grainger

Sawmill na hÉireann a chur i mbun oibre i gCo. Chorcaí. Chuir sé a0.73 milliún ar fáil chun tacú le tógáil na monarchan.

Téitear monarcha CHP ag úsáid iarmhar sábhmhuilleoireachta agus tá sé leagtha amach chun 1.83MW fuinneamh leictreachais a ghiniúint agus 3.5MW

fuinneamh teirmeach i bpróiseas singil.

Úsáidtear an t-aischur teirmeach chun adhmad tógála a thriomadh sna tornóga sábhmuilleoireachta. Díolfar an 1.83MW de leictreachas glas leis an ngreille náisiúnta.

Thug an SEI tacaíocht do staidéar féidearthachta sula cuireadh tús leis an tógáil ar an tionscadal, chun imscrúdú a dhéanamh ar chomh inmharthana agus a bheadh sé iarmhar sábhmhuilleoireachta a

úsáid (min sáibh, coirt, scamhachán agus scamháin) chun leictreachas agus teas a ghiniúint. Thug an measúnú aghaidh ar na saincheisteanna seo a leanas:

• Luacháil sonraithe ar na ceanglais fuinnimh reatha

• Roghanna a d’fhéadfaí a úsáid go teicniúil le haghaidh monarcha CHP a shainaithint, lena n-áirítear teicneolaíocht dócháin gail

• Measúnú teicniúil, comhshaoil agus eacnamaíoch sonraithe ar na roghanna teicneolaíochta

• Measúnú ar na gnéithe airgeadais, tráchtála agus eacnamaíocha ar na roghanna molta

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1.4 Bithfhuinneamh

I measc chuspóir Chlár Bithfhuinnimh an SEI tá spreagadh a thabhairt i dtaca le húsáid bithbhreoslaí leachtacha ó thaobh soláthar breoslaí iompair agus imscrúdú a dhéanamh ar an bhféadfaí iad a chur i bhfeidhm in Éirinn.Táthar ag cur roghanna chun bithbhreoslaí a chur chun cinn ar an margadh, cosúil leis an gClár Faoisimh Máil

Phíolótaí, i bhfeidhm nó á mbreithniú in Éirinn.

Príomhghnóthachain i 2005

Tugadh isteach an Clár Faoisimh Máil Phíolótaí i 2005, agus bronnadh faoiseamh dleacht mháil iomláin ar ocht gcinn de thionscadail thar dhá bhliain le haghaidh táirgthe bliantúil ar leith. I measc aischuir an chláir bhí suiteáil caidéil E85 (85% eatánól: 15% peitreal) agus tugadh isteach feithiclí ar mhargadh na hÉireann a bhí solúbtha ó thaobh breosla.Thug an SEI tacaíocht don DCMNR leis an scéim bronnta Faoisimh Mháil Phíolótaí, ar an bpainéal roghnaithe agus i gcruinnithe mioncheistithe le hiarratasóirí nár éirigh leo.

Thacaigh an SEI le grúpa stiúrtha idir-rannaigh a bhunú (ar a raibh an DCMNR agus an Roinn Talmhaíochta, Iompair, Comhshaoil agus Airgeadais) chun comhairle a thabhairt faoi na Roghanna Dreasachta Polasaí don staidéar ar

Bhithbhreoslaí Leachta.

Cás-Staidéar: Staidéar Straitéise ar Bhithbhreoslaí Leachta

Rinne Staidéar Straitéise ar Bhithbhreoslaí

Leachta an SEI imscrúdú ar na roghanna maidir le Treoir Bithbhreoslaí an AE de 2003 a chur i bhfeidhm.Thug an staidéar aitheantas chomh maith do roinnt roghanna tacaíochta polasaí a d’fhéadfaí a thabhairt isteach chun tabhairt isteach bithbhreoslaí chuig soláthar breoslaí iompair na hÉireann a spreagadh.

D'iarr an tsonraíocht tairisceana athbhreithniú a dhéanamh ar roghanna tacaíochta polasaí laistigh den AE agus thar an AE. Roghnaíodh Ecofys b.v. as an Ísiltír ar an tairiscint ab fhearr.Tugadh an obair chun críche faoi dheireadh na Nollag 2005. Ba iad seo a leanas an dá rogha a roghnaíodh le haghaidh athbhreithniú sonraithe (i) dleacht mháil le fóirdheontas agus (ii) oibleagáid riaracháin (bheadh oibleagáid ar sholáthróirí breosla iompair chuig margadh na hÉireann a chinntiú go mbeadh bithbhreoslaí mar chéatadán áirithe dá soláthar breosla bliantúil) le córas deimhniícháin.

Mar chuid den staidéar, tionóladh ceardlann i Meán Fómhair 2005 agus tugadh cuireadh chuig an ócáid do speictream leathan de pháirtithe leasmhara, táirgeoirí bithbhreosla agus soláthróirí breosla iompair, ina measc.

Foilseofar an tuarascáil sa chéad ráithe de 2006.

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An Timpeallacht Thógtha

2.1 Clár RD&D Tithe an Lae Amárach

Spreagann Clár Tithe an Lae Amárach úsáid níos forleithne a bhaint as pleanáil fuinnimh inmharthana, dearadh, sonraíocht agus cleachtais thógála i margaí tógála tithe nua agus sna margaí feabhsúcháin tithe.

Maoiníonn Clár Tithe an Lae Amárach tionscadail taispeántais chun líonra náisiúnta de shamhail samplaí macasamhaileacha agus inrochtaine a chruthú de chleachtais fuinnimh níos inmharthanaí i dtithíocht na hÉireann.

Caiteachas 2005: a2.95 milliún

Príomhghnóthachain i 2005

Ceadaíodh os cionn 1,500 teach nua, agus ar an iomlán bhí os cionn 3,000 aonad ar fud 64 tionscadal lonnaithe i 23 contae, rud a léirigh tiomantas

Tá punann teicneolaíochta cothroim tagtha chun cinn, lena n-áirítear coirí gáis agus ola comhdhlúthaithe, téamh gréine, caidéil teasa, coirí bithmhaise, téamh grúpa, agus córais aisghabhála teasa aerála-mheicniúil.

Dhírigh éileamh athbhreithnithe ar mholtaí, a seoladh i Meitheamh, ar thionscadail nuálaíochta ar chaighdeán níos airde san earnáil tithíochta aonaid. Spreag sé úsáid níos mó a bhaint as teicneolaíochtaí fuinnimh inathnuaite, go háirithe úsáid a bhaint as an ngrian chun uisce a théamh agus fearais téimh bhithmhaise.

Tugadh dhá staidéar taighde suntasacha chun críche: (i) suirbhé píolótach ar fheidhmiú fuinnimh i stoc tithíochta na hÉireann agus (ii) athbhreithniú teicniúil agus margaidh shonraithe ar roghanna chun uisce te a théamh sa bhaile.

Faoin tionscnamh Líonra Fuinnimh Inmharthana i bhFoirgnimh, tugadh an suirbhé cuideachta chun críche agus bailíodh na sonraí le haghaidh eolaí ar tháirgí tógála fuinnimh inmharthana.

Cás-Staidéar: Comhairle Chontae Loch Garman – Scéim Tithíochta Shóisialta CO

2

- Íseal, Fuinneamh-

Íseal, Maolán na nGabhar

Shlánaigh Comhairle Chontae Loch

Garman maoiniú a140,000 i dtreo costas scéim tithíochta shóisialta íseal ar fhuinneamh i Maolán na nGabhar, Co. Loch

Garman.Tá 28 teach cloch leathscoite san fhorbairt le haghaidh teaghlaigh ar ioncam

íseal. Beidh sorn millíní-adhmaid i ngach teach le haghaidh teasa lárnaigh agus painéil ghréine le haghaidh uisce te an tí.Tá na tithe sin os cionn 40% níos éifeachtaí ná tithe a thógtar go dtí íosriachtanais

Rialacháin Foirgníochta 2002, agus mar gheall air sin faigheann na tionóntaí billí fuinnimh i bhfad níos ísle.

Soláthróidh an córas teasa gréine gníomhach, teicneolaíocht a úsáideann painéil bhailithe gréine chun solas na gréine a iompú isteach i dteas, os cionn

60% d’uisce te an tí saor in aisce. Meastar go mbeidh an córas teasa millíní-adhmaid thart ar 40% níos saoire le coinneáil ag imeacht ná córais nua-aimseartha a bhíonn ag imeacht le hola.

Táthar ag súil le coigiltis fhoriomlána de

50% ar bhillí fuinnimh. Laghdófar thart ar

80% astuithe uisce te.

CO

2 i gcás téamh spáis agus

Sáraíonn leibhéil inslithe in áiléir, ballaí agus in urláir ceanglais Rialacháin Foirgníochta

2002. Úsáideann an fhorbairt plandáil crann straitéiseach freisin chun leas a bhaint as foscadh.

Tá Gníomhaireacht Fuinnimh Loch Garman chun clár luachála iarseilbhíochta agus monatóireachta shonraithe a phleanáil le tacaíocht ón SEI, chun tionchar agus buntáistí na mbearta éifeachtachta fuinnimh a thomhais. Beidh meastóireacht de na torthaí ar fáil i 2006.

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2.2 Rátáil Fuinnimh Tí agus Treoir an AE ar Fheidhmiú

Fuinnimh i bhFoirgnimh

Is é an príomhfhócas a bheidh ag an gclár seo ná feidhmiú rathúil Threoir an AE ar Fheidhmiú Fuinnimh i bhFoirgnimh a ullmhú agus a chur ar bun in Éirinn.

Príomhghné de is ea aghaidh a thabhairt ar an riachtanas córas rátála fuinnimh fhoirgníochta cuimsithigh a bheith ann, a bheidh aitheanta go náisiúnta agus a mbeidh sí mar aidhm aige éifeachtacht fuinnimh a bheith mar fhachtóir soiléir in idirbhearta foirgníochta agus i gcinntí athchóirithe.

Baineann os cionn 40% de na hastuithe CO

2 ar fad a bhaineann le fuinneamh le foirgnimh chónaitheacha agus neamhchónaitheacha. Is mórfhreagra polasaí é an EPBD ar an dúshlán sin agus tá raon forálacha ann a bhfuil sí mar aidhm acu feidhmiú fuinnimh i bhfoirgnimh nua agus i bhfoirgnimh atá ann cheana a fheabhsú.

Faoin EPBD, caithfidh an t-úinéir rátáil fuinnimh foirgnimh a sholáthar nuair a bhítear ag tógáil na bhfoirgneamh, nó nuair a dhíoltar iad nó a ligtear amach ar cíos iad.Táthar ag súil go mbeidh tionchar aige sin in Éirinn ar os cionn 150,000 idirbhearta sa bhliain agus sin san earnáil chónaitheach amháin. Beidh tuarascáil chomhairleach ag dul leis an rátáil fuinnimh a aithneoidh na bealaí is

éifeachtaí chun feidhmiú fuinnimh an fhoirgnimh a fheabhsú. Éilíonn an EPBD freisin go dtógfaí céimeanna chun éifeachtacht coirí agus córais aerchóirithe a fheabhsú agus go ndéanfaí measúnú ar an bhféidearthacht go bhféadfaí córais fhuinnimh mhalartacha a úsáid i gcás foirgneamh os cionn 1,000 m 2 sula dtógtar iad.

Caiteachas 2005: a0.30 milliún

Príomhghnóthachain i 2005

Tá Grúpa Oibre an EPBD freagrach as pleanáil agus forbairt a dhéanamh ar an bhfreagra a thug Éire ar

EPBD an AE.Tá oifigigh shinsearacha sa Ghrúpa

Oibre sin as an Roinn Comhshaoil, Oidhreachta &

Rialtais Áitiúil, as an DCMNR agus an SEI. Leagann dréacht-Phlean Gnímh, arna fhoilsiú ag an SEI le haghaidh comhairliúcháin phoiblí, amach na tascanna, na freagrachtaí agus na scálaí ama a theastaíonn chun ceanglais an EPBD a chur i bhfeidhm in Éirinn. D’eagraigh an SEI sraith oícheanta eolais phoiblí timpeall na tíre chun feasacht a mhéadú faoin EPBD agus chun fáilte a chur roimh aiseolas ar an dréachtphlean. Fuarthas aighneachtaí scríofa ó 66 páirtí leasmhara, lena n-

áirítear cumainn ghairmiúla, údaráis phoiblí, innealtóirí agus ailtirí. Foilseofar Plean Gnímh athbhreithnithe i 2006.

Éilíodh ar bhallstáit an AE an EPBD a aistriú isteach i reachtaíocht náisiúnta faoin 4 Eanáir 2006.Tá formhór na gceanglas aistrithe isteach i reachtaíocht na hÉireann.

Cás-Staidéar: Taighde ar mhaithe le leas an phobail a sheachadadh

Rinne an SEI coimisiúnú ar roinnt staidéar straitéiseach i 2005 chun treoir agus

éascaíocht a dhéanamh ar fheidhmiú an

EPBD in Éirinn, mar a bhí beartaithe. Bhí siad seo a leanas i measc na staidéar:

• Forbairt a dhéanamh ar bhogearraí modheolaíochta agus fréamhshamhla náisiúnta chun feidhmiú fuinnimh i dtithe in Éirinn a ríomh.

• Uirlis bogearraí a fhorbairt chun cuidiú le dearthóirí measúnú a dhéanamh ar an bhféidearthacht go bhféadfaí córais fhuinnimh mhalartacha a chur isteach i bhfoirgnimh mhóra nua sula dtógfaí iad

• Athbhreithniú ar chleachtais reatha maidir le himscrúdú a dhéanamh ar chórais aerchóirithe in Éirinn

Ar an iomlán, rinneadh cur i láthair a bhain leis an EPBD ag 46 ócáid, agus d’fhreastail os cionn 2,200 duine orthu.

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2.3 An Earnáil Phoiblí

Cuireann Clár na hEarnála Poiblí dearadh, teicneolaíochtaí agus seirbhísí atá éifeachtúil ó thaobh fuinnimh chun cinn i dtionscadail nua agus trealmhaithe san earnáil phoiblí. Faoin gclár sin, cuirtear le feidhmiú fuinnimh i bhfoirgnimh na hearnála poiblí trí dhearadh, infheistíocht agus bainistíocht níos fearr.

Tacaíonn an clár le tionscadail a ghníomhaíonn mar shamplaí dea-chleachtais. Aithníonn sé go bhfuil gach foirgneamh éagsúil agus go féidir iad a fheabhsú, agus tá an cumas aige tionchar a bheith aige ar earnálacha eile den gheilleagar.Tá trí ghnéithe maoinithe ag an gclár:

• Soláthraíonn an Scéim Tacaíochta Staidéir

Deartha tacaíocht d’fhiontair ghairmiúla imscrúdú a dhéanamh ar an bhféidearthacht teicniúil agus eacnamaíoch a bhaineann le dearadh agus le réitigh teicneolaíochta

• Tugann an Scéim Tacaíochta Infheistíochta um

Samhail-Réitigh tacaíocht do bhainistíocht fuinnimh agus réitigh teicneolaíochta i bhfoirgnimh atá ann cheana agus i sonraíochtaí d’fhoirgnimh nua

• Tugann an Biúró Bainistíochta Fuinnimh tacaíocht do sheirbhísí bainistíochta fuinnimh ar chonradh chun úsáid fuinnimh a bhainistiú agus chun tionscadail a bhaineann le fuinneamh a aithint agus a chur i bhfeidhm.

Caiteachas 2005: a1.79 milliún

Príomhghnóthachain i 2005

Tugadh 50 tionscadal ar an iomlán chun críche faoin Scéim Tacaíochta

Infheistíochta Samhail-Réitigh faoi dheireadh na Nollag 2005, agus tá forbairt mhór déanta freisin ar ocht gcinn déag de thionscadail Samhail-Réitigh eile.Tá obair mhór déanta ar luacháil feidhmíochta-in-úsáid i gcás na chéad deich gcinn de thionscadail.

I measc na dtionscadal a tugadh chun críche i 2005 bhí na hoifigí cathracha nua do Chomhairle Chontae Chill Dara sa Nás agus tuirbín gaoithe 850kW a cuireadh isteach i nDún Dealgan.

Tá oifigí Chomhairle Chontae an Náis atá 12,500m 2 leagtha amach chun tomhaltas fuinnimh a choinneáil chomh híseal agus is féidir trí sholas lae agus aeráil nádúrtha a úsáid ann agus trí fhuaraíocht mheicniúil a sheachaint nuair is féidir. Meastar go mbeidh an feabhas ó thaobh éifeachtacht fuinnimh thart ar

70% níos fearr ná dea-chleachtas.

Thug Institiúid Teicneolaíochta Dhún Dealgan suiteáil tuirbín gaoithe 850kW chun críche, a chomhlíonann riachtanais leictreachais DKIT ar fad. Chomh maith leis na buntáistí comhshaoil agus eacnamaíocha a bhaineann leis, úsáidfear an tuirbín gaoithe mar acmhainn oideachasúil do mhic léinn, á gcur ar a gcumas staidéar a dhéanamh ar na prionsabail innealtóireachta a bhaineann leis agus tabhairt faoi thaighde sa réimse ginearálta a bhaineann le giniúint leictreachais le tuirbíní gaoithe. Is é seo an chéad shampla sofheicthe de thuirbín gaoithe mór i dtimpeallacht uirbeach, gar do chosbhealach gnóthach.

Soláthraíonn Biúró Bainistíochta Fuinnimh e3, arna fhorbairt ag an SEI, seirbhísí speisialta do na cheithre institiúidí tríú leibhéal is mó in Éirinn, agus an fócas ar bharainneachtaí a bhaint amach i dtomhaltas agus i gcostais fuinnimh. Ghearr

Institiúid Teicneolaíochta Bhaile Átha Cliath, Coláiste na Tríonóide Baile Átha

Cliath, Ollscoil Chathair Bhaile Átha Cliath agus Coláiste na hOllscoile Baile Átha fhuinneamh i 2005. Díríonn an Biúró ar éifeachtachtaí a bhaint amach i 30

Cás-Staidéar:‘Foirgnimh Éifeachtúil ó thaobh Fuinnimh – Feidhmiú á Chleachtadh’

Tionóladh an chomhdháil sin i gColáiste na hOllscoile Corcaigh (UCC) i mí na Samhna agus tharraing sé aird ar na buntáistí a bhainfeadh cliaint agus infheisteoirí as réitigh feidhmithe fuinnimh seachtracha i bhfoirgnimh. Cuireadh torthaí d’athbhreithniú ar sé cinn de thionscadail as an Scéim Tacaíochta Infheistíochta

Samhail-Réitigh i láthair. Rinneadh comparáid idir na spriocanna deartha agus na luachanna ó thaobh úsáid fuinnimh i ndáiríre, agus pléadh ceachtanna a foghlaimíodh ó Chlár na hEarnála Poiblí.

Chuala toscairí faoin bhFeachtas Aeráide d’Fhoirgnimh Chathracha na hEorpa, a bhí dírithe ar an gcoincheap a bhain le lipéadú fuinnimh foirgníochta a thabhairt isteach.

Rinne an chomhdháil athbhreithniú ar chleachtas reatha agus pléadh an tionchar a d’fhéadfadh a bheith ag an EPBD maidir le lipéadú fuinnimh foirgníochta agus imscrúdú ar aerchóiriú. Thaispeáin cainteoirí idirnáisiúnta freisin conas a chuidíonn soilsiú atá éifeachtach ó thaobh fuinnimh, tástáil shilteach aeir, teas níos fearr, oibriú aerála agus aerchóirithe le feidhmiú foirgneamh níos fearr.

12

2.4 Clár Tithíochta Ioncam Íseal

Bíonn tionchar ollmhór ag bochtaineacht bhreosla ar shaol dhaoine – i dtéarmaí compoird inacmhainne, sláinte agus caighdeán an tí – agus bíonn an cruatan sin le fáil i dtithíocht phríobháideach agus shóisialta araon, i gceantair uirbeacha agus tuaithe. Díríonn Clár Tithíochta

Ioncam-Íseal an SEI ar na tithe ina mbíonn bochtaineacht bhreosla.

Ní bhíonn sé d’acmhainn ag úinéirí tí ar ioncam

íseal na bearta infheistíochta caipitil a d’fheabhsódh caighdeán fuinnimh a gcuid tithe a cheannach.

Bunaíodh Clár LIH an SEI chun cuidiú le plean gnímh náisiúnta a bhunú agus a fheidhmiú chun aghaidh a thabhairt ar an bhfadhb go córasach.

Déantar formhór an tseachadta trína Scéim Tithe

Níos Teolaí atá dírithe ar éifeachtacht fuinnimh a fheabhsú agus compord sna tithe a bhíonn an fhadhb seo acu.

Caiteachas 2005: a1.42 milliún

Príomhghnóthachain i 2005

Thug an clár ar an iomlán aghaidh ar 1,813 teach i 2005, ag cur bearta substainiúla i bhfeidhm mar insliú áiléir, tithe a dhéanamh díonmhar ar shéideáin, seaicéid fhálaithe, soilsiú éifeachtúil ó thaobh fuinnimh, insliú i mballaí dúbailte agus comhairle faoi chúrsaí fuinnimh.

Ceadaíodh maoiniú do cheithre ghníomhaireacht suiteála pobal-bhuanithe eile, i gCo. na hIarmhí, Maigh Eo, Gaillimh agus i Liatroim. Leis sin is ionann líon iomlán na ngníomhaireachtaí suiteála atá ag feidhmiú faoin scéim go dhá cheann déag. Ceadaíodh dhá ghníomhaireacht suiteála le haghaidh breis maoinithe chun insliú balla dúbailte a sholáthar agus cuireadh tús le soláthar na seirbhíse sin go rathúil i 2005.

Tá feabhas curtha ar os cionn 8,000 teach faoin Scéim Tithe Níos Teolaí go dtí mí na Nollag 2005.Tá feidhm le bunachar sonraí lárnach chun súil a choinneáil ar an obair ar fad atá déanta ag na grúpaí agus na costais ábhartha ar fad.

Lena chois sin, rinneadh seachadadh ar thionscadal píolótach de chuid na hearnála príobháidí, a fhostaíonn suiteálaithe as an earnáil phríobháideach chun bearta inslithe a sheachadadh, ar 65 teach i nDún Dealgan. Táthar ag imscrúdú na féidearthachta go bhféadfar inniúlacht agus luas na scéime a mhéadú.

Tá baint ag an SEI, in éineacht le roinnt ranna agus gníomhaireachtaí rialtais le tionscadal taighde a dhéanann imscrúdú ar an tionchar a bhainfeadh le tabhairt faoi fheabhsúcháin éifeachtachta fuinnimh i dtithe ar ioncam íseal.

Cás-Staidéar – Seirbhís Éifeachtachta Fuinnimh Chiarraí

Bhí Cúnamh Energy Action ar cheann de cheithre eagraíocht pobal-bhunaithe a bunaíodh i 1996 chun bearta éifeachtachta fuinnimh a chur isteach faoi Scéim

Phíolótach Réigiúnach a mhaoinigh an SEI

(Ionad Fuinnimh na hÉireann a bhí air an uair sin). Shlánaigh Cúnamh maoiniú leanúnach, i ndiaidh na scéime píolótaí, ó fhoinsí difriúla, Comhairle Chontae Chiarraí,

Comhairle Baile Thrá Lí, Comhpháirtíocht

Trá Lí agus Bord Sláinte an Deiscirt ina measc, ag cur ar a chumas a chuid oibríochtaí a choinneáil ag imeacht.

D’éirigh le Cúnamh san iarratas a rinne sé ar mhaoiniú i 2002 trí Chlár Eacnamaíochta

Shóisialta an Rialtais agus d’éirigh leis maoiniú a fháil ó FÁS le haghaidh deichniúr foirne agus bainisteoir a fhostú. Bhí sé ar an gcéad eagraíocht a bronnadh maoiniú uirthi trí Scéim Tithe Níos Teolaí an SEI i bhFeabhra 2003. Bronnadh é sin ar an mbonn go raibh comhaontú dhá bhliana déanta leis an SEI, agus rinneadh athnuachan air ar feadh bliana breise i 2005.

Soláthraíonn an chuideachta raon seirbhísí faoi láthair, lena n-áirítear insliú áiléir a chur isteach, tithe a dhéanamh díonmhar ar shéideáin, seaicéid fhálaithe uisce te, lampaí atá íseal ar fhuinneamh agus comhairle faoi chúrsaí fuinnimh (an ‘gnáth phacáiste’, chomh maith le hinsliú a chur i mballaí dúbailte. Soláthraítear na seirbhísí sin tríd is tríd do lucht tithe ar ioncam íseal atá ina gcónaí i dTrá Lí agus i gceantair máguaird.

Thug Cúnamh 145 beart gnáthphacáiste chun críche le linn 2005 agus chuir siad isteach 155 pacáiste inslithe i mballaí dúbailte. I ndiaidh dhá imscrúdú, a bhain ráta ard pas amach, bhronn Eaga

Partnership Ltd. Stádas Suiteálaí

Creidiúnaithe ar Cúnamh, gníomhaireacht bainistíochta an SEI atá freagrach as caighdeán. Tá Cúnamh ar an gcéad eagraíocht in Éirinn a bhain an stádas sin amach.

13

Fuinneamh Tionsclaíoch

3.1 Comhaontuithe Tionscail

Tá forbairt déanta ag an SEI ar chlár Comhaontuithe Fuinnimh i gcás mórthionscal, bunaithe ar Chaighdeán Bainistíochta Fuinnimh nua na hÉireann,

IS 393. Rinne Údarás Caighdeán Éireann (NSAI) agus an SEI forbairt ar IS 393 le chéile agus seoladh é i nDeireadh Fómhair 2005.

Is é cuspóir an chláir sin ná tacaíocht a thabhairt do chomhlachtaí cosaint a thabhairt dá n-iomaíochas i gcomthéacs praghsanna arda fuinnimh agus praghsanna atá ag dul i méid.Tugann an clár deis do chomhlachtaí cur chuige struchtúrach a chur i bhfeidhm maidir le costais a laghdú trí sceideal comhaontaithe de bhearta éifeachtachta fuinnimh thar thréimhse trí bliana.

Iarrtar ar chomhlachtaí a bhíonn rannpháirteach deimhniúchán a fháil agus a choinneáil i gcás IS 393 agus an Caighdeán a chur i bhfeidhm ar bhealach a bhainfidh an leas is mó as an tionchar a bheidh aige.Tairgeann SEI tacaíocht ar leithligh ó thaobh stádas deimhniúcháin a bhaint amach.

Clúdaíonn IS 393 gach gné de chur chuige cuideachta maidir le fuinneamh a bhainistiú, agus go háirithe éilíonn sé go mbeadh baint dhíreach ag an mbainistíocht shinsearach ó thaobh polasaithe fad-réimseacha ar fhuinneamh agus ar astuithe a bhunú agus tacú leo. Cuireann sé na struchtúir agus na próisis atá riachtanach i bhfeidhm chun coigiltis shuntasacha a bhaint amach ó thaobh

úsáid fuinnimh, costais ghaolmhara agus astuithe gáis cheaptha teasa.

Cinntítear trí bheith rannpháirteach i gComhaontuithe Fuinnimh an SEI go mbíonn cur chuige straitéiseach iomláin ann maidir le bainistíocht fuinnimh, laghduithe costas-éifeachtacha a bhaint amach ó thaobh costais oibríochta agus brabúsacht níos fearr. Lena chois sin, bíonn sé níos éasca oibleagáidí bainistíochta comhshaoil a chomhlíonadh leis, mar an ISO 14001 agus comhábhar fuinnimh de cheadúnú Rialaithe agus Coiscthe Truaillithe Comhtháite.

Caiteachas 2005: a0.2 milliún

Príomhghnóthachain i 2005

I bhfianaise na mbuntáistí suntasacha a chonaic

Aughanish Alumina Ltd. trí chóras bainistíochta fuinnimh foirmiúil a chur i bhfeidhm, gheall an SEI

éascaíocht a dhéanamh ar uasthógáil tapa IS 393.

Thosaigh an SEI ag rolladh amach an chláir le linn

2005 agus d’éirigh leis an chéad ghrúpa d’ocht gcuideachtaí a earcú go dtí an chéad chéim. Is iad na cuideachtaí: Astellas, Glanbia, Heinz, Intel,

Lagan Cement, Pfizer (Loughbeg), Pfizer (Little

Island) agus Xerox.

Cás-Staidéar: Forbairt IS 393

Rinne an NSAI, i gcomhair leis an SEI agus tascfhórsa ar a raibh comhaltaí as an tionscal, an EPA agus DCMNR forbairt ar Chaighdeán

Bainistíochta Fuinnimh nua na hÉireann (IS

393 Córais Bainistíochta Fuinnimh –

Ceanglais le Treoir Úsáide). Seoladh IS 393 i nDeireadh Fómhair 2005 agus tá aitheantas bainte amach aige mar cheann de na

Caighdeáin is tapúla a táirgeadh as Éirinn.Tá sé mar bhunús anois ag Clár Comhaontuithe

Fuinnimh an SEI. Déanfaidh an SEI forbairt ar phróiseas creidiúnaithe do IS 393 i 2006 trí

Bhord Creidiúnaithe Náisiúnta na hÉireann.

Soláthraíonn an Caighdeán creatlach struchtúrach d’eagraíochtaí an úsáid is mó a bhaint as deiseanna a bhaineann le bainistíocht fuinnimh éifeachtúil.Tá sé bunaithe ar shraith plean Deming Do-Check-

Act, atá fostaithe i gcórais bhainistíochta ISO

14001 agus ISO 9000.Tá IS 393 múnlaithe ar

DS 2403, Córas Bainistíochta Fuinnimh na

Danmhairge.Thabharfadh fianaise ó

Ghníomhaireacht Fuinnimh na Danmhairge le fios ‘go laghdaíonn cuideachta a thomhaltas fuinnimh faoi 10 go dtí 15 faoin gcéad le linn na chéad bhlianta feidhmithe’.

Fuair an SEI an scéala, go gairid i ndiaidh don

Chaighdeán a bheith seolta, go raibh sé beartaithe ag Coimisiún na Eorpach

Caighdeán Eorpach a fhorbairt a bheadh bunaithe ar Chaighdeáin na Danmhairge, na

Sualainne agus na hÉireann. Creidtear go ndéanfaidh an CEN forbairt ar an gCaighdeán Eorpach nua laistigh de na chéad 1-2 bliain eile.

14

3.2 LIEN

Is tionscnamh líonraithe deonaigh é Líonra Fuinnimh um Mórthionscal (LIEN) ina bhfuil 85 de na húsáideoirí fuinnimh tionsclaíoch mhóra in Éirinn.Tá na cuideachtaí sin meáite an úsáid a bhaineann siad as fuinneamh a laghdú ar bhonn aonair agus aitheantas a thabhairt do na buntáistí a bhaineann le comhoibriú a dhéanamh le heagraíochtaí atá ar aon intinn leo féin.Tuigeann comhaltaí LIEN gur uirlis luachmhar é cur chuige struchtúrach maidir le hiniúchadh agus bainistíocht fuinnimh ó thaobh

éifeachtacht fuinnimh a stiúradh chun cinn.

Is iad seo a leanas Príomhghnéithe an chláir LIEN:

• Tuairisc a thabhairt ar dhul chun cinn maidir le feidhmiú fuinnimh agus spriocanna réadúla a leagan síos

• Eolas agus taithí a roinnt ó thaobh dea-chleachtas a bhaint amach. Cuirtear é sin i bhfeidhm trí cheardlanna, ócáidí líonraithe, cúrsaí a sheachadadh agus eolas cás-staidéir a chraobhscaoileadh.

• Iomaíochas a fheabhsú trí chotais fuinnimh a laghdú

• Cuidiú le cuideachtaí a gcuid ceanglas comhshaoil agus rialála a chomhlíonadh

Caiteachas 2005: a0.1 milliún

Príomhghnóthachain i 2005

Tá comhaltas LIEN comhdhéanta as 51.3% de phríomhcheanglais fuinnimh tionsclaíoch agus beagnach 9.3% de phríomh cheanglais fuinnimh náisiúnta.

milliún.

Sheol an tUasal Noel Dempsey TD, An tAire Cumarsáide, Mara agus Acmhainní

Nádúrtha, tuarascáil bhliantúil LIEN 2004, i Meán Fómhair 2005.Tháinig an tuarascáil ar an gconclúid gur shábháil comhaltaí thart ar 483.82 GWh le linn na bliana, le laghdú de bheagnach 133,589 tonna in astuithe CO

2 mar thoradh air sin.

D’éirigh thar cionn leis an tionscnamh sin, agus meastar go seachnaíodh thart ar 580,000 tonna astuithe CO

2 mar thoradh ar na bearta éifeachtachta fuinnimh a ghlac na comhaltaí thar 10 mbliana na scéime.

Cás-Staidéar: LIEN – 10 mBliana ar an bhFód

Rinne LIEN ceiliúradh ar 10 mbliana ag comhaltaí a bheith ag tuairisciú ar úsáid fuinnimh i 2005. Tá aitheantas tugtha ag comhaltaí LIEN ar conas a chuidíonn cur chuige an SEI le heagraíochtaí díriú ar bhuiséid fuinnimh agus na buntáistí eacnamaíocha a bhaineann leis an úsáid is mó a bhaint as éifeachtachtaí fuinnimh.

Mar aitheantas ar an méid sin, d’fhoilsigh an SEI cáipéis Cás-Staidéar ag cur síos ar

Éachtaí Fuinnimh. Tugann na cás-staidéir a bhí ann léargas ar na cineálacha tionscadal atá á gcur i bhfeidhm, cé nach bhfuil iontu ach líon beag den dea-obair atá á déanamh. Cuireadh cás-staidéir ar fáil faoi eagraíochtaí lena n-áirítear Baxter

Healthcare S.A., Dairygold Co-operative

Society, Údarás Aerfort Bhaile Átha Cliath agus Pfizer Ireland Pharmaceuticals.

Bhí Ceardlann Chumarsáide agus Tionchair

LIEN ar bun i bhFeabhra 2005. Tugadh aitheantas sa cheardlann sin do na dúshláin a bhíonn os comhair gach bainisteoir nuair a bhíonn siad ag cur moltaí tionscadal i láthair na bainistíochta sinsearaí. Tiomnaíodh breis ceardlann do bhithmhais agus do mhonatóireacht agus sprioc-obair.

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3.3 Cur Chun Cinn na Teicneolaíochta

– Éifeachtacht Fuinnimh a Chur Chun

Cinn agus Eolas Faoi

Le costais fuinnimh ag dul i méid agus imní maidir le slándáil soláthairtí fuinnimh tá aird anois ar an tábhacht atá leis agus an gá atá le héifeachtacht fuinnimh agus bainistíocht fuinnimh.Tá páirt mhór ag teicneolaíochtaí glana atá éifeachtúil ó thaobh fuinnimh sa chás sin agus is féidir leo buntáistí a sheachadadh i dtaca le hiomaíochas eacnamaíochta agus athrú aeráide. Cuidíonn Clár

Chun Cinn na Teicneolaíochta ó thaobh eagraíochtaí a chur ar an eolas faoi réitigh agus straitéisí éifeachtachta fuinnimh dea-chleachtais a mbeadh buntáiste iomaíochta inmharthana mar thoradh orthu.

Déantar seachadadh ar ghníomhaíochtaí an Chláir a spreagann feasachta ar bhealaí éagsúla, lena n-

áirítear Gradaim Fuinnimh Inmharthana, cúrsaí oiliúna, ócáidí labhartha, agus treoir agus staidéir dea-chleachtais a fhoilsiú.

Caiteachas 2005: a0.2 milliún

Príomhghnóthachain i 2005

D’fhreastail 158 duine ar aon chúrsa déag oiliúna le linn 2005 a reáchtáladh i mBaile Átha Cliath agus i gCorcaigh. Bhain na cúrsaí le cúig thopaic difriúla:

Éifeachtacht Coirí, Iniúchadh Fuinnimh, Soilsiú Éifeachtúil ó thaobh Fuinnimh,

Bainistíocht Fuinnimh, agus Cuisniú.

Dhírigh na gníomhaíochtaí eolais agus na gníomhaíochtaí a spreagann feasacht a seachadadh tríd an gclár seo blianta roimhe seo don chuid is mó ar an earnáil tionsclaíoch in Éirinn. D’éirigh leis an SEI le linn 2005, tosú ag obair le hearnáil na n-óstán trí Chónaidhm Óstáin na hÉireann (IHF) agus Institiúid

Fáilteachais na hÉireann (IHI). Ag comhdháil ‘Showtel’ an IHF, sheol an SEI

Managing Energy – A Strategic Guide for Hotels. Tá an SEI ag tacú freisin le

tionscnamh an IHI ‘Greening Irish Hotels’ (Óstáin na hÉireann a dhéanamh Níos

Glaise), a bhfuil obair ar bun aige le 53 óstán chun clár bainistíochta fuinnimh agus comhshaoil a fhorbairt. Chuidigh an SEI le plean gnímh dea-chleachtais fuinnimh a chur le chéile agus labhair sé ag aon cheardlann déag le linn 2005.

Táthar chun cás-staidéir ar dhea-chleachtas a fhoilsiú le linn 2006.

In ainneoin an raon buntáistí sin, is beag atá ag glacadh le tionscnaimh bainistíochta a bhaineann le héileamh (DSM) in Éirinn.Tá roinnt cúiseanna leis sin, go háirithe easpa bonneagair (méadrú agus socrúchán) agus leibhéal íseal iomaíochta chónaithí i gcás soláthar leictreachais. Aithníodh gur theastaigh breis taighde sa réimse a bhaineann le roghanna méadraithe, agus tá an SEI ag breithniú scéim DSM custaiméirí a dhearadh agus a chur ar bun ar bhonn píolótach in Éirinn. Athróidh coinníollacha an mhargaidh nuair a thabharfar isteach margadh uile-oileáin i gcás fuinnimh, agus d’fhéadfadh sé sin cuidiú le hiomaíochas miondíola a fhorbairt ag an leibhéal intíre.

Cás-Staidéar: Gradaim Fuinnimh Inmharthana

Reáchtáiltear na Gradaim Fuinnimh

Inmharthana bliantúil chun spreagadh, aitheantas agus luach saothair a thabhairt don tsár-obair a dhéantar i bhfeidhmiú fuinnimh, bainistíocht agus dearadh na hearnálacha tionsclaíocha, tráchtála agus poiblí in Éirinn. Díríonn na gradaim ar dhaoine aonair, ar ghrúpaí agus ar eagraíochtaí a léiríonn tiomantas bainistíocht fuinnimh a chur san áireamh mar chuid dá struchtúr bainistíochta iomláin. Ar an mbealach sin, tugann na gradaim deis d’eagraíochtaí, beag beann ar a méid, aitheantas poiblí a fháil as an méid a dhéanann siad ó thaobh úsáid fuinnimh agus astuithe a laghdú.

Ba í 2005 an dara bliain ag an tionscnamh náisiúnta sin, agus fuarthas 162 ainmniúchán don tionscnamh. Ar an iomlán cuireadh naoi gcinn déag de

Ghradaim Fuinnimh Inmharthana i láthair ar fud seacht gcinn de chatagóirí: Clár

Bainistíochta Fuinnimh Comhordaithe;

Tionscadal Fuinnimh Leictreachais;

Feachtas Feasachta Fuinnimh; Seirbhís

Fuinnimh nó Cuideachta Soláthair; An

Scoth ó thaobh Dearadh agus Sonraíochta; agus Bainisteoir Fuinnimh na Bliana.

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An Tomhaltóir

4.1 Feasacht Tomhaltóirí

Is ionann an 1.4 milliún teach atá in Éirinn agus os cionn ceathrú den éileamh fuinnimh náisiúnta. Mar sin féin, ní bhíonn tomhaltóirí ar an eolas tríd is tríd faoin tionchar a bhíonn ag úsáid fuinnimh ar an gcomhshaol ná faoi oibleagáidí idirnáisiúnta na hÉireann.Tá sí mar aidhm ag Clár Eolais Tomhaltóirí an SEI a chur ar chumas tomhaltóirí a bheith níos

éifeachtaí ó thaobh fuinnimh ina saol ó lá go lá trí iad a chur ar an eolas faoin úsáid atá siad ag baint as fuinneamh agus iad a chur ar an eolas faoi na gnímh shimplí is féidir leo a dhéanamh.

Príomhghnóthachain i 2005

Dhírigh Seachtain Feasachta Fuinnimh 2005 ar an téama seasamh i gcoinne athrú aeráide. Bhí réimse leathan gníomhaíochtaí san fheachtas, lena n-áirítear fógraíocht raidió agus preas, caidrimh phoiblí, ócáidí náisiúnta agus dearadh suímh idirlín. Ba é an siompóisiam ar athrú aeráide buaicphointe na seachtaine

dar teideal Weathering the Storm: Combating Climate Change in Ireland a

tionóladh ar an 23 Meán Fómhair 2005.Thug cainteoirí idirnáisiúnta aitheasc ag an ócáid sin agus fuair sé go leor poiblíochta ó lucht Teilifíse, raidió agus ó chlúdach preasa.

Foilsíodh bileog ar Fhuinneamh Inathnuaite, a d’fhorbair an SEI agus Action

Renewables le chéile i dTuaisceart Éireann, sa dá dhlínse agus chuir sé leis an tsraith bileoga tomhaltóirí i 2005. Scaipeadh os cionn 110,000 bileog i 510 siopa i gclár comhpháirtíochta le miondíoltóir áise ollmhóir.

Athsheoladh láithreán gréasáin choparáidigh an SEI le struchtúr nascleanúna agus dearadh grafaice níos fearr i mí na Nollag 2005. Is tairseach anois é an láithreán gréasáin sin i gcás gach ábhar fuinnimh agus tugann beagnach

60,000 duine cuairt ar an suíomh gach mí.

Rinne an SEI coimisiúnú ar thaighde ina dhiaidh sin ar an taighde tagarmharcála a rinneadh i 2002 ar dhearcaí, feasacht agus iompar tomhaltóirí i leith fuinnimh. Úsáidfear na torthaí, a bhfuiltear ag súil leo go luath i 2006, chun an tionchar atá ag gníomhaíochtaí tomhaltóirí an SEI a thomhas agus chun treoir straitéiseach a threorú agus muid ag dul ar aghaidh.

Cás-Staidéar: www.combatclimatechange.ie

I bhfianaise an riachtanais feasacht phoiblí faoi athrú aeráide a mhéadú, i measc feachtas 2005 an SEI chun seasamh i gcoinne athrú aeráide bhí an fhorbairt a rinneadh ar mhicreashuíomh nua: www.combatclimatechange.ie Tá ag éirí thar cionn cheana féin leis an suíomh sin, le os cionn 20,000 cuairteoirí sna chéad trí mhí ar an bhfód aige. Formhuinithe ag daoine mór le rá as Éirinn, tugann an suíomh deis do chuairteoirí an méid fuinnimh a úsáideann siad a ríomh agus mar thoradh air sin na hastuithe CO

2 a bhíonn acu.Tarraingíonn sé aird ar gnímh shimplí is féidir le daoine a dhéanamh ó lá go lá chun na hastuithe sin a laghdú. Is acmhainn luachmhar é an suíomh do scoileanna, ag cur ar chumas mic léinn agus múinteoirí feasacht bhreise a chruthú maidir le hathrú aeráide.

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4.2 REIO

Bunaíodh Oifig Eolais Fuinnimh inathnuaite (REIO) an SEI chun úsáid acmhainní fuinnimh inathnuaite a chur chun cinn agus comhairle agus eolas neamhspleách a chur ar fáil go náisiúnta ar shaincheisteanna airgeadais, sóisialta agus teicniúla maidir le forbairt fuinnimh inathnuaite (gaoth, grian, bithmhais, geoiteirmeach agus hidreachumhacht).

I measc gnéithe an chláir tá:

• Nuachtlitreacha rialta a fhoilsiú agus raon bróisiúr eolais

• Comhdhálacha, ceardlanna agus cruinnithe eolais a eagrú ar shaincheisteanna a bhaineann le fuinneamh inathnuaite

• Seirbhís chomhairleoireachta tosaíochta a sholáthar do lucht pleanála údaráis áitiúla agus do lucht cinnteoireachta

Caiteachas 2005: a0.63 milliún

Príomhghnóthachain i 2005

Chuir REIO an SEI amach a chuid foilseachán leathbhliantúil,‘Energy Update’ agus ‘Planning Update’, agus thug sé isteach teideal nua,‘Bioenergy News’, i

2005. Cuirtear fáilte mhór i gcónaí roimh na hirisí sin atá saor in aisce, le thart ar

12,000 síntiúsóir acu. Lean an REIO ag foilsiú a r-nuachtlitir mhíosúil, agus chomh maith leis sin thug sé isteach sraith treoracha do cheannaitheoirí chun cuidiú leo sin a bhí ag smaoineamh ar chórais gréine, adhmaid agus geoiteirmeacha a chur isteach.

Chuir an REIO trí chomhdhálacha teicneolaíochta i láthair, go príomha Wood

Energy 2005, See the Light 2005 agus Energy from Fresh Air 2005, agus chuaigh sé chuig an nGearmáin ar thuras staidéir idirnáisiúnta ar thionscal na gaoithe.

Lena chois sin, bhí REIO i mbun sé cinn de laethanta eolais agus taispeántais

‘Making It Happen’, tiomanta do phríomh sprioc lucht féachana chun cás a dhéanamh ar fheidhmiú agus ar bhuntáistí teas inathnuaite i bhfoirgnimh bheaga agus i bhfoirgnimh mhóra agus feasacht a mhéadú faoi. Dhírigh laethanta taispeántais ar ábhair mar Fuinneamh Adhmaid agus Gréine d’Fhoirgnimh Mhóra, CHP Adhmaid, agus Adhmad agus Grian don Tionscal Óstáin agus Áineasa.

Rinneadh forbairt ar raon Dlúthdhioscaí le haghaidh gach teicneolaíocht inathnuaite ollmhór: gaoth, bithmhais, grian, geoiteirmeach agus hidreachumhacht. Rinneadh forbairt ar ‘pacáiste gaoithe’ ina raibh ábhair a bhí tugtha cothrom le dáta agus feabhsaithe don tionscal fuinnimh, d’airgeadaithe agus lucht cinnteoireachta.

Chonaic an REIO méadú ar ghníomhaíochtaí in ionaid glaonna gach mí i 2005, le suas go dtí 1,000 glaonna ag teacht isteach iontu, agus 750 pacáiste foirgníochta

á n-eisiúint, gach mí.

Soláthraíodh tacaíocht ghinearálta freisin don Ghrúpa Straitéise Bithfhuinnimh agus don choiste comhairleach ar Threoirlínte Pleanála Gaoithe.

Bhí REIO rannpháirteach freisin i raon seóanna trádála, lena n-áirítear Seó Gairdíní agus Tithe an Earraigh agus an Seó Féin-Thógála.

Cás-Staidéar: An tSuim atá ag Éirinn i dTithe Sámha

Thóg an t-ailtire tírdhreacha Tomas O’Leary an chéad teach sámh in Éirinn i gCill

Mhantáin i 2005 agus bhog sé isteach ann.

Cloíonn an teach leis an mbunphrionsabal a bhaineann le tithe sámha: áit chónaithe compordach a chur ar fáil gan teas lárnach ná córais fuaraithe gníomhacha. Tugann an

SEI tacaíocht don dearadh agus don mhonatóireacht.

I measc na bPríomhghnéithe a bhaineann leis na tithe tá siad daingean le hinsliú den scoth agus iad teann ó thaobh aeir, tá aghaidh nádúrtha na gréine acu, le teas a stóráil, aerú teasa is féidir a aisghabháil, uisce te le teas na gréine agus fearais tí atá

íseal ar fhuinneamh. Osclaíodh an dara teach sámh, agus an chéad cheann adhmaid a rinneadh i monarchana agus atá caighdeánach san Eoraip, i Maigh

Cuilinn i gCo. na Gaillimhe. Faigheann an teach sin buntáiste ó na fuinneoga tríghloinithe agus doirse atá inslithe go teirmeach agus tá stiall séala déanta as rubar butal mar ghné de chomh maith.

18

4.3 Clár Oideachais do

Bhunscoileanna agus do

Mheánscoileanna

Tugann clár oideachais an SEI an topaic a bhaineann le húsáid fuinnimh isteach sa seomra ranga ar bhealach spéisiúil agus bríomhar. Cuireann sé ar chumas daltaí fios a fháil faoi cá as a dtagann fuinneamh, an tionchar comhshaoil a bhíonn ag a

úsáid agus na freagrachtaí a bhíonn ar dhaoine tomhaltas fuinnimh a laghdú.

Cuireann an clár acmhainní sainchuraclaim ar fáil do mhúinteoirí i mbunscoileanna agus in iarbhunscoileanna. Déantar forbairt ar na hacmhainní ar fad i ndlúth chomhairle le múinteoirí agus déantar tástáil agus luacháil fhorleathan orthu i scoileanna.

Príomhghnóthachain i 2005

Bhí os cionn 450 ceardlann idirghníomhach ar siúl ar fud na hÉireann le linn

2005, ag freastal ar bhreis is 13,000 dalta bunscoile. Roinneadh na ceardlanna i dhá leibhéal: Ceardlanna Craosánacha agus Ceardlanna Dúshláin Fuinnimh.

Seachadadh Ceardlanna Craosánacha ar dhaltaí sóisearacha bunscoile.

Treoraíonn sain-éascaitheoirí eolaíochta daltaí tríd an gceardlann praiticiúil seo, agus le cabhair ó phuipéad mór, tagann Guzzler ar an saol.Tugadh cuairt ar 55 scoil i mBaile Átha Cliath, agus rinneadh trí cheardlann in aghaidh gach scoile.

Seachadadh Ceardlanna Dúshláin Fuinnimh ar dhaltaí sinsearacha bunscoile.

Sa chéad chuid den cheardlann idirghníomhach sin, bíonn carachtar i bhfoirm piongain crógach ag troid i gcoinne dhroch-charachtar CO

2 lena thaispeáint conas a chuidíonn fuinneamh le hathrú aeráide. Ina dhiaidh sin, imríonn na daltaí cluiche dúshláin fuinnimh agus déanann siad turgnaimh fuinnimh. Bhí

Ceardlanna Dúshláin Fuinnimh ar siúl i mBaile Átha Cliath, i bPort Láirge,

Sligeach, Cill Mhantáin, Ceatharlach, Luimneach, Maigh Eo, Ros Comáin, Cill

Chainnigh agus i nGaillimh le linn 2005. Eagraítear na ceardlanna i gcomhar leis na comhairlí contae cuí.

Cás-Staidéar: Comórtas Grianghrafadóireachta d’Iarbhunscoileanna

Dhírigh an Comórtas

Grianghrafadóireachta tras-teorann d’Iarbhunscoileanna ar chur amú fuinnimh.

Spreagadh daltaí léargas a thabhairt i bhfoirm ghrianghraif ar na bealaí a chuirimid fuinneamh amú inár saol ó lá go lá. Reáchtáiltear comórtas grianghrafadóireachta an SEI i gcomhar le hionaid chomhairle Iontaobhas Sábhála

Fuinnimh i dTuaisceart Éireann. Ghlac os cionn 100 mac léinn leis an dúshlán, agus ba léir ó na hiontrálacha éagsúla a fuarthas, go dtuigeann daltaí go bhfuiltear ag cur go leor leor fuinnimh amú timpeall orthu agus go bhfuil tuiscint acu ar an tionchar a bhíonn aige sin. Bronnadh na duaiseanna ar na buaiteoirí ag searmanas gradam clúiteach. Cuireadh na hiontrálacha buacacha ar taispeántas i mBaile Átha

Cliath agus i mBéal Feirste.

19

Comhairle agus Tacaíocht Pholasaí

5.1 Comhairle agus Tacaíocht Pholasaí do

Ghníomhaireachtaí Rialtais agus Stáit

5.1.1 Ról an SEI ó thaobh Polasaí a Chur i bhFeidhm

D’fhoilsigh roinn urraíochta an SEI, an Roinn Cumarsáide, Mara agus Acmhainní Nádúrtha a Ráiteas Straitéise 2003-2005 i

Samhain na bliana 2005. Leagann sé amach trí phríomhsprioc polasaí fuinnimh:

(1) Slándáil soláthair a chosaint

(2) Todhchaí fuinnimh inmharthana a fhorbairt

(3) Margaí iomaíocha, éifeachtúla a fhorbairt, a bhíonn rialaithe i gceart

D’fhonn na spriocanna sin a bhaint amach, leag an DCMNR seacht bpríomhchuspóir amach. Ar cheann de na cuspóirí sin tá cinntiú go leantar ag soláthar agus ag úsáid fuinnimh.Tá príomhfhreagracht ar an SEI agus ar an DCMNR an chuspóir seo a sheachadadh, agus mar sin cabhrú chun forbairt inmharthana a bhaint amach. I measc na straitéise feidhmithe tá na cláir atá leagtha amach sa Tuarascáil Bhliantúil seo a sheachadadh agus

éifeachtacht fuinnimh agus táirgeadh fuinnimh inathnuaite a spreagadh. Cuideoidh an SEI freisin leis an earnáil fuinnimh na spriocanna táscacha atá leagtha amach sa Straitéis Náisiúnta um

Athrú Aeráide a chomhlíonadh, ar bhealach níos éifeachtaí ó thaobh costais, chun astuithe gáis cheaptha teasa a laghdú.

5.1.2 Comhairle agus Tacaíocht don Rialtas

Ceann d’fheidhmeanna reachtúla an SEI is ea comhairle, eolas agus tacaíocht a chur ar fáil don Aire Cumarsáide, Mara agus

Acmhainní Nádúrtha, don DCMNR, d’airí agus do ranna rialtais eile arna threorú ag an Aire, agus do sholáthróirí agus úsáideoirí fuinnimh.

Bhí na feidhmeanna sin mar chomhchuid de na gníomhaíochtaí seo a leanas le linn 2005:

5.1.2.1 Aighneachtaí Polasaí

D’fhoilsigh an DCMNR Páipéar Comhairliúcháin ar Thaighde,

Forbairt agus Taispeántas Fuinnimh a leagan amach cur chuigí a d'fhéadfaí a úsáid chun tionscadail a chomhordú ar bhonn intíre, uile-oileáin, chomh maith le hionadaíocht a dhéanamh ar sheasamh na hÉireann ag leibhéal an AE agus ag leibhéal idirnáisiúnta.Thug an SEI tacaíocht d’fhorbairt na cáipéise sin.

I 2005, mar chuid den tionscnamh 'Fís 2020', chuir Rialtais na hÉireann agus Thuaisceart Éireann fáilte roimh fhreagraí ar pháipéar comhairliúcháin maidir le comhstraitéis a fhorbairt le haghaidh fuinneamh inathnuaite sa mhargadh fuinnimh uileoileáin suas go dtí 2020 agus ina dhiaidh sin.Thug an Grúpa Oibre um Fhuinneamh inathnuaite, ar a raibh David Taylor ina chathaoirleach, tacaíocht d’iarracht an Chomhghrúpa Stiúrtha seo.

Chuidigh an Grúpa Oibre leis an DCMNR an cháipéis chomhairliúchán a dhréachtú agus rinne sintéisiú ar na freagraí.

Thacaigh an SEI leis an DCMNR san anailís foirmíochta agus airgeadais den sásra tacaíochta Renewable Energy Feed-In Tariff.

5.1.2.2 Obair Chláir le Cliaint Seachtracha

CHP

Tá sé mar aidhm ag Clár CHP an SEI feasacht níos mó a thógáil faoi na himpleachtaí agus buntáistí a bhaineann le teicneolaíocht CHP, agus mar thoradh air beidh toilteanas níos mó i measc airgeadaithe tacú le forbairtí CHP. Príomhghné amháin den chlár is ea tacaíocht a thabhairt don Ghrúpa Straitéise DCMNR, agus tá

Cathaoirleach agus Rúnaí ón SEI ar an nGrúpa sin, chomh maith le maoiniú le haghaidh taighde coimisiúnaithe. Cuireadh tuarascáil

Ghrúpa Straitéise CHP isteach chuig an DCMNR in Eanáir 2006.

Bithfhuinneamh

Bhunaigh an DCMNR Grúpa Straitéise Bithfhuinnimh i mí na

Nollag 2003, agus tá Cathaoirleach agus Rúnaí de chuid an SEI ar an nGrúpa sin. Is é príomhchuspóir an ghrúpa na roghanna polasaí agus sásraí tacaíochta atá ar fáil don Rialtas a bhreithniú chun

úsáid níos mó as bithmhais a spreagadh le haghaidh tiontú fuinnimh, agus moltaí sainiúla a dhéanamh i dtaca le gníomh chun úsáid bhithmhaise a mhéadú in Éirinn. Foilsíodh staidéar

Riachtanais Oiliúna agus Oideachais Bhithfhuinnimh i mí Iúil 2005.

Thacaigh an SEI leis an DCMNR leis an scéim Faoisimh Mháil

Phíolótaí i gcás bithbhreoslaí.Thug an SEI cúig roinn rialtais

(DCMNRD, Talmhaíocht, Iompar, Comhshaol agus Airgeadas) le chéile le haghaidh grúpa stiúrtha idir-rannaigh do staidéar an SEI ar roghanna dreasachta polasaí i dtaca le bithbhreoslaí.

20

Trádáil Astuithe

Is comhalta den Ghrúpa Comhairleach Leithdháilte Náisiúnta é

Príomhfheidhmeannach an SEI, David Taylor, an grúpa a bhunaigh an EPA chun na liúntais astuithe CO

2 haonáin san "earnáil trádála”.

atá ar fáil a leithroinnt ar na

Treoir ar Threoracha AE atá Ann Cheana agus ar Threorach

Amach Anseo

Thacaigh an SEI le forbairt caighdeán an AE agus rialachán náisiúnta trí chásanna comhairleacha chuig an DCMNR ar threoracha agus ionstraimí polasaí an AE, lena n-áirítear an EPBD, an Treoir Trádála Astuithe, an Treoir CHP, agus an Treoir

Bhithbhreoslaí.

Lean sé freisin ag déanamh monatóireachta agus ag tabhairt tacaíochta don chur i bhfeidhm a rinne Éire ar threoracha eile, mar iad sin ar lipéadú fuinnimh agus fearais tí, agus an Treoir atá le teacht aníos ar Sheirbhísí Fuinnimh.

Tá ionadaíocht ag an SEI, tríd an Aonad Tacaíochta Staitisiciúil agus

Polasaí Fuinnimh (EPSSU) ar Éirinn ar an nGrúpa Oibre um

Staitisticí Fuinnimh de chuid EUROSTAT agus ar dhá foghrúpa atá tiomnaithe i leith táscairí éifeachtachta fuinnimh agus CHP. Is rannpháirtí fadtéarmach freisin é an EPSSU sa tionscadal

ODYSSEE/MURE ar fud an AE, a bhfuil sí mar aidhm aige forbairt a dhéanamh ar tháscairí fuinnimh chuí chun feidhmiú agus treocht

éifeachtachta fuinnimh a mheas.

Lean an SEI, thar ceann Ghrúpa Oibre EPBD, lena ról gníomhach ag roinnt mhór de cruinnithe náisiúnta agus idirnáisiúnta a tionóladh chun an EPBD a phlé. Ina measc sin i 2005 bhí an Coiste

Bainistíochta um Éileamh Fuinnimh a thionóil Coimisiún na hEorpa agus Dian-Thionscadal Gnímh an AE a fuair maoiniú ón

IEE, a sholáthraíonn fóram tábhachtach chun smaointe agus eolas a mhalartú ó thaobh an treoir a chur i bhfeidhm.

5.2 Comhordú R&D an AE

Bíonn an SEI i mbun idirchaidrimh le comhlachtaí agus ionadaithe maoinithe R&D eile, agus cuireann sé tionscnaimh tacaíochta R&D an AE agus cinn idirnáisiúnta chun cinn freisin. Gníomhaíonn an

SEI mar Thoscaire Náisiúnta agus mar Phointe Teagmhála ar an gClár Creatlaigh um Forbairt Taighde agus Teicneolaíochta (RTD) agus tá sé gníomhach i ról chur chun cinn, mar Phointe

Teagmhála náisiúnta don Chlár um Fhuinneamh Éirimiúil – Eoraip an AE (IEE).

Bhí an SEI i mbun seimineáir eolais i mí Dheireadh Fómhair a sholáthair forléargas ar éilimh nua Choimisiún na hEorpa le haghaidh moltaí faoin gClár IEE. Chuir Bill Gillett, Ceannaire an

Aonaid do Chláir Altener agus Coopener laistigh de IEEA

Choimisiún na hEorpa an IEE i láthair ag an seimineár, agus dhírigh sé ar na cineálacha tionscadal agus leibhéil mhaoinithe atá laistigh den éileamh sin ar mholtaí.

Ghlac an SEI ballraíocht i 2005 ar Ghrúpa Scáthánach Choimisiún na hEorpa d’Ardán Teicneolaíochta na hEorpa 'Líonraí

Leictreachais an Todhchaí'. Gníomhaíonn an Grúpa Scáthánach sin mar comhéadan idir gníomhaíochtaí an ardáin agus baill údaráis atá freagrach as líonraí leictreachais. Cuideoidh sé sin leis an ardán teicneolaíochta a chur i bhfeidhm, agus, go háirithe, an clár oibre taighde straitéisigh.Tionóladh an chéad chruinniú den Ghrúpa

Scáthánach i mí na Samhna 2005.

5.3 Comhoibriú Idirnáisiúnta

Bíonn Éire rannpháirteach i roinnt eagraíochtaí idirnáisiúnta agus i ngníomhaíochtaí sa réimse a bhaineann le fuinneamh inmharthana. Ina measc sin bhí: an IEA, an EnR, an REEEP,

Comhaontas um Fuinneamh Inathnuaite Johannesburg, srl.Trí bheith rannpháirteach sna fóraim idirnáisiúnta sin, tá rochtain faighte ag Éirinn ar fhoinsí eolais, ar cheachtanna foghlamtha agus ar eispéiris dhaoine eile.Tá deiseanna líonraithe maithe curtha ar fáil aige chomh maith agus bealach chun tacú le taighde comhoibritheach dírithe. Go deimhin, tá luach ar airgead cruthaithe ag rannpháirtíocht na hÉireann le cúpla bliain anuas, agus tá fáilte mhór curtha ag tíortha eile agus ag na heagraíochtaí

éagsúla a bhí rannpháirteach roimh obair thoscairí agus ainmnithe na hÉireann.

Tá aird tarraingthe ar roinnt den rannpháirtíocht sin sna rannóga seo a leanas.

5.3.1 An IEA

Is í an Ghníomhaireacht Fuinnimh Idirnáisiúnta (IEA), a bunaíodh i

1974, an fóram fuinnimh agus meitheal smaointe atá ag 26 tír de chuid an OECD.Tá rialtais atá mar bhaill den IEA tiomanta comhbheartais a ghlacadh chun freastal ar éigeandálacha soláthair ola.Tá aontaithe acu freisin eolas fuinnimh a roinnt, a gcuid polasaithe fuinnimh a chomhordú agus comhoibriú a dhéanamh chun cláir fuinnimh réasúnacha a fhorbairt.

21

Tá an SEI ainmnithe ag an DCMNR le bheith mar pháirtí conartha ag trí cinn de Chomhaontuithe Feidhmithe Fuinnimh Inathnuaite an IEA a bhfuil Éire mar chuid de (Bithfhuinneamh, Muir agus

Gaoth).Tá an SEI freagrach as toscairí náisiúnta a chur ar fáil do

Choistí Feidhmeannacha na gComhaontuithe Feidhmithe agus as saineolaithe tíre a ainmniú le haghaidh líon beag tascanna a dhéanamh. Soláthraíonn sé ionadaíocht agus forléargas trína chuid toscairí don Choiste ar Thaighde agus Teicneolaíocht

Fuinnimh agus don Pháirtí Oibre um Fuinneamh Inathnuaite.Tá buaicphointí ón mbliain sonraithe thíos.

5. 3.1.1 Comhaontú Feidhmithe um Fuinneamh Gaoithe an IEA

Chuaigh Éire isteach le Comhaontú Gaoithe R&D an IEA in athuair i

2002. De bhrí go ndearna sí amhlaidh, roghnaigh Éire a bheith rannpháirteach in dhá innéacs laistigh den Chomhaontú: (i)

Innéacs XI (Malartú Eolais Bonnteicneolaíochta) agus (ii) Innéacs

XXI nua (Samhlacha Dinimiciúla d’Fheirmeacha Gaoithe le haghaidh Staidéir ar Chórais Cumhachta).

5.3.1.2 Comhaontú Feidhmithe um Bithfhuinneamh an IEA

Agus í ag dul le Comhaontú Bithfhuinnimh an IEA, d'aontaigh Éire a bheith rannpháirteach i dtrí cinn de thascanna: (i) Gnéithe Socheacnamaíocha de Chórais Bithfhuinnimh (Tasc 29); (ii)

Cothromaíochtaí Gáis Cheaptha Teasa de Chórais Bithmhaise agus

Bithfhuinnimh (Tasc 38); agus (iii) Bithbhreoslaí Leachta (Tasc 39).

Bhí an SEI i mbun cruinnithe den Choiste Feidhmeannach um

Chomhaontú Feidhmithe Bithfhuinnimh i mBaile Átha Cliath i

2005.

5.3.2 An EnR

Déanann an SEI ionadaíocht ar Éirinn ar Líonra Fuinnimh na hEorpa (EnR).Tá cloíte ag an EnR lena shainordú ó bunaíodh é i

1991, is é sin comhoibriú pan-Eorpach a chumasú, trí chomhoibriú a neartú idir baill ghníomhaireachtaí ar shaincheisteanna a bhaineann le héifeachtacht fuinnimh agus le foinsí fuinnimh inathnuaite. Is cumann deonach é EnR d’eagraíochtaí Eorpacha a bhfuil freagracht orthu as taighde náisiúnta, forbairt, cláir thaispeántais nó chraobhscaoilte a phleanáil, a bhainistiú nó a athbhreithniú sna réimsí a bhaineann le héifeachtacht fuinnimh agus fuinneamh inathnuaite. I measc phríomh réimsí gníomhaíochta EnR tá comparáid idirnáisiúnta, malartú eolais mar bhealach chun éifeachtacht a mhéadú, agus comh-ardán a bhunú le haghaidh cúrsaí stocaireachta.

5.3.3 An REEEP

Is comhpháirtíocht Cineál II é Comhpháirtíocht Éifeachtachta

Fuinnimh agus Fuinneamh Inathnuaite (REEEP) agus sheol an

Ríocht Aontaithe í i dteannta pháirtithe eile ag Cruinniú Mullaigh

Johannesburg ar Fhorbairt Inmharthana i Lúnasa 2002.Tá forbairt déanta ag raon leathan de pháirithe leasmhara air ag leibhéil náisiúnta agus réigiúnacha. I mí Meithimh 2004, bunaíodh an

REEEP mar aonán dleathach san Ostóir le stádas mar Eagraíocht

Neamh-Rialtas (NGO) idirnáisiúnta. Is ball bunaithe de REEEP í Éire agus ball freisin den Choiste Airgeadais agus de Bhord na gClár.

Bhí Éire mar urraitheoir ar an REEEP i mí na Nollag 2003, agus

éascaíodh an urraíocht trí SEI.Tacaíonn an Ríocht Aontaithe, An

Ostóir, Ceanada, an tAontas Eorpach, An Ghearmáin, An Iodáil, An

Ísiltír, An Spáinn agus na Stáit Aontaithe freisin le REEEP trí shuimeanna móra airgid a chur ar fáil dó. Roghnaigh REEEP le gairid ocht gcinn déag de thionscadail nua inathnuaite agus

éifeachtúil ó thaobh fuinnimh (REES) a mhaoineoidh REEEP agus a chuirfear i bhfeidhm i 2005/2006. Sheol an Roinn Comhshaoil,

Oidhreachta agus Rialtais Áitiúil tionscnamh le gairid chun tacú le trí thionscadal sna tíortha is lú forbartha san Afraic ag teacht le tosaíochtaí cabhrach na hÉireann thar lear.

5.3.1.3 Comhaontú Feidhmithe um Fuinneamh Mara an

IEA

Cuireadh tús leis an gComhaontú Feidhmithe ar Chórais Fuinnimh

Mara i nDeireadh Fómhair 2001. Is é aidhm an Chomhaontaithe comhoibriú idirnáisiúnta a fheabhsú ionas go mbeidh teicneolaíochtaí fuinnimh mara mar rogha fuinnimh suntasach sa mheán téarma. Is tonnta mara agus córais srutha mara na tosaíochtaí reatha atá ann. Is iad an príomh dhá tasc faoi láthair ná eolas a mhalartú ar chórais fuinnimh mara agus cleachtais a fhorbairt chun córais fuinnimh mara a thástáil agus a mheas.Tá

Cathaoirleacht faoi láthair ag an SEI ar Chomhaontú Feidhmithe um Chórais Fuinnimh Mara an IEA.

22

5.3.4 Comhoibriú Idirnáisiúnta Breise

Chomhoibrigh an SEI le Roinn Trádála agus Tionscail na RA chun A

Scoping Study: Demand Side Measures for Small Business and

Residential Customers on Ireland’s Electrical System a chur le chéile.

Tharraing an staidéar aird ar na buntáistí a d’fhéadfadh a bheith ag baint le DSM i gcás páirtithe leasmhara, lena n-áirítear costas leictreachais laghdaithe, slándáil soláthair níos mó i dtéarmaí brú ar an gcóras, agus bainistíocht níos fearr nuair a bhíonn an chumhacht aibhléise amuigh.

Lean an SEI lena shraith léachtaí Peirspictíochtaí ó Thar Lear i 2005.

Éascaíonn an tionscnamh sin, atá á reáchtáil ag an SEI le trí bliana anuas, cainteanna in Éirinn maidir le polasaí fuinnimh a chur le chéile.Tarlaíonn sé sin trí thuairimí agus anailís sonraithe a chur i láthair ó bhallstáit eile den AE agus ó thar lear, lena n-áirítear Stáit

Aontaithe Mheiriceá, An tSeapáin, agus an Astráil, ar shaincheisteanna éagsúla a bhaineann leis na trí philéar de pholasaí fuinnimh: slándáil soláthair, iomaíochas agus smaointe comhshaoil.

Thug saineolaithe éagsúla a bhfuil aitheantas idirnáisiúnta acu cabhair don tsraith i 2005, lena n-áirítear peirspictíocht an Ollaimh

Benjamin Hobbs ar Phleanáil Acmhainne Comhtháite Ilscairshealbhóra i gComhthéacs Margadh Fuinnimh Níos Oscailte,

James Cameron, Ceannasaí Polasaí Athrú Aeráide, Príomhchathair

Athrú Aeráide agus peirspictíocht Paul Soffe, Stiúrthóir

EcoSecurities, ar Ionstraimí Airgeadais chun Kyoto agus EU ETS a chomhlíonadh, agus peirspictíocht an Ollaimh Bent Sorensen (An

Danmhairg) ar Féidearthachtaí do Thodhchaí Soláthair Fuinnimh.

Sholáthair Trygve Riis, Cathaoirleach Chomhaontú Hidrigin an IEA,

(An Iorua) peirspictíocht ar Hidrigin agus Gabháil agus Stóráil

Carbóin.Tháinig freagra dearfach go seasta ó phríomhpháirtithe leasmhara faoin tsraith agus is treoir í ó thaobh pholasaí agus rialachán a dhearadh agus a chur i bhfeidhm in Éirinn.

5.4 Gníomhaíochtaí Tacaíochta D’eagraíochtaí

Comhlacha

Bíonn an SEI rannpháirteach sa Ghrúpa Comhordaithe Staitistici

Fuinnimh in éineacht leis an bPríomh-Oifig Staidrimh. Bunaíodh é sin chun forbairt agus anailís comhlacht staitisticí fuinnimh níos cuimsí a éascú.

D’ullmhaigh an SEI Straitéis Fuinnimh Mara agus táthar ag forbairt feidhmiú na straitéise sin in éineacht leis an DCMNR. D’fhonn tacú le forbairt teicneolaíochta fuinnimh mhara in Éirinn, rinne an SEI agus Foras na Mara comhaoiniú ar fhorbairt saoráid tástála mara oscailte ceathrú-scála i gCuan na Gaillimhe.

Oibríonn an SEI i gcomhar le sé cinn déag de ghníomhaireachtaí fuinnimh áitiúla (LEA) in Éirinn, lena n-áirítear trí cinn i dTuaisceart

Éireann. Is í aidhm fhoriomlán na LEAanna sin fuinneamh inathnuaite a chur chun cinn agus úsáid réasúnach a bhaint as fuinneamh, chun caighdeán an chomhshaoil a fheabhsú agus cur le forbairt inmharthana. Aithníonn an SEI an tábhacht atá le hoibriú le LEAanna ar ghníomhaíochtaí atá in ann luach a chur ar chlár oibre tosaíochta an SEI.Tá ionadaíocht ag an SEI ar Bhord

LEAanna Loch Garman agus Phort Láirge.

Seoladh comhchlár píolótach idir an SEI/LEADER/Gníomhaireacht

Fuinnimh i 2005. Faigheann an tionscadal sin tacaíocht ón gclár

RERD&D agus í mar aidhm aige deis a thabhairt do ghníomhaireachtaí LEADER comhoibriú a dhéanamh agus gníomhaíochtaí maidir le tionscadail fuinnimh pobalbhunaithe a chomhordú.

Sholáthair an SEI aiseolas do phróiseas comhairliúcháin iar-NDP

R&D Shuirbhéireacht Gheolaíochta na hÉireann.

Sheol an SEI comhiarratas ar bhearta leis an EPA sa réimse a bhaineann le díleá anaeróbach.

Chómhaoinigh an SEI staidéar faoi astuithe NOx in earnáil na cumhachta leis an EPA.Tugann an SEI tacaíocht anois do Choiste

Stiúrtha an EPA leis an obair sin.

Lean an SEI ag tabhairt tacaíochta do chlár taighde dochtúireachta agus iar-dhochtúireachta le Comhairle Taighde

Eolaíochta, Innealtóireachta agus Teicneolaíochta na hÉireann.

Soláthraíonn an SEI, trína shraith clár, comhairle d’údaráis áitiúla, ailtirí agus innealtóirí maidir le treoirlínte fuinnimh inmharthana.

23

Is comhalta den tionscnamh ar Phlean Gnímh Teicneolaíochta

Comhshaoil ar fud na hEorpa é an SEI, a bhfuil an Roinn

Comhshaoil, Oidhreachta agus Rialtais Áitiúil ina bhun go náisiúnta.Tá gnímh san ETAP atá bunaithe timpeall ar thrí phríomhthéama: Ag Imeacht ó Thaighde go dtí Margaí;

Coinníollacha an Mhargaidh a Fheabhsú; agus ag Gníomhú ar bhonn Domhanda.

Thacaigh an SEI, ina ról mar shaineolaí fuinnimh, le toscaireacht na hÉireann (faoi stiúir na Roinne Comhshaoil, Oidhreachta agus

Rialtais Áitiúil) chuig Coinbhinsiún Creatlaigh na Náisiún Aontaithe ar Chruinniú Chomhdháil na bPáirtithe ar Athrú Aeráide.

D’fhoilsigh an SEI, tríd an EPSSU, roinnt tuarascálacha i 2005. Is mar seo a leanas atá na mórphointí:

Energy in Ireland 1990–2003 (Ean 05)

Ba é seo an tríú eagrán de Energy in Ireland agus rinne sé imscrúdú ar threochtaí ó thaobh úsáid fuinnimh ó 1990, ach le fócas áirithe ar 2003.Thaispeáin an tuarascáil gur laghdaigh astuithe CO

2 a bhain le fuinneamh in Éirinn faoi 2% i 2003 agus tarraingíodh aird chomh maith gur leanadh leis an díchúpláil i

2003 a rinneadh ar fhás fuinnimh agus ar fhás astuithe ó fhás eacnamaíoch a thosaigh i 2002.

5.5 Staitisticí Fuinnimh

Tá an SEI freagrach as staitisticí náisiúnta agus earnála cuimsitheacha a fhorbairt agus a chothabháil le haghaidh táirgthe, athraithe agus úsáid-deiridh fuinnimh. Chun na críche sin, bhunaigh an SEI an tAonad Tacaíochta Staitisiciúil um Polasaí

Fuinnimh (EPSSU) i gCorcaigh.

Is é seo a leanas ról an EPSSU:

• Staitisticí fuinnimh a bhailiú, a phróiseáil agus a fhoilsiú chun tacú le hanailís agus forbairt polasaí tacaíochta ag teacht le riachtanais náisiúnta agus le hoibleagáidí idirnáisiúnta

• Anailís staitistiúil agus eacnamaíoch a dhéanamh ar sheirbhísí fuinnimh agus ar roghanna fuinnimh inmharthana chun treoir a thabhairt do chomhairle pholasaí agus a bheith mar bhonn taca

ó thaobh tosaíocht a thabhairt do chláir ar leith

• Cuidiú chun táscairí inmharthana cuí a fhorbairt agus a sholáthar, lena n-áirítear rannpháirteachas i ngrúpaí oibre náisiúnta agus idirnáisiúnta

Energy Consumption & CO

2

Sector (Noll 05)

Emissions in the Residential

D'aimsigh an tuarascáil go bhfuil gnóthachain éifeachtúla suntasacha déanta san earnáil ó 1990. Chuidigh raon leathan fachtóirí leis na gnóthachain éifeachtachta sin, go mór mór athrú breosla, na atriallta éagsúla ar cheanglais fhoirgníochta agus pátrúin sealbhaíochta atá ag athrú.

Bhí comhoibriú ar bun ag an EPSSU leis an Roinn Fiontar, Trádála agus Infheistíochta i dTuaisceart Éireann chun raon táscairí fuinnimh inmharthana a mholadh don Chomhghrúpa Stiúrtha do

Mhargadh Fuinnimh Uile-Oileáin. Cuireadh sé cinn de tháscairí i dtoll a chéile le breithniú go sonrach.

Rinne an EPSSU cur i láthair i mí na Samhna 2005 don

Chomhchoiste Oireachtais ar Chumarsáid, Mara agus Acmhainní

Nádúrtha maidir le húsáid fuinnimh in Éirinn.

Thug an EPSSU faoi roinnt tionscadal a bhain le Cothromaíocht

Fuinnimh, Réamhaisnéis Fuinnimh, Cairteanna Comparáide

Breosla, agus Sonraí CHP Nuashonraithe.

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Staitisticí Fuinnimh

Sruth Fuinnimh in Eirinn 2004

Inathnuaití Eile 270 ktoe

Hidrea 54 ktoe

Impórtálacha Leictreachais

135 ktoe

Brícíneacht 12 ktoe

Gás Nádúrtha féinúsáid/caillteanas 60 ktoe

Scagadh Ola 130 ktoe

Caillteanas de bharr Leictreachas a Aistriú 3,002 ktoe

Ola 8,375 ktoe

Iompar 4,698 ktoe

Gás Nádúrtha 3,652 ktoe

Gual 1,943 ktoe

Móin 577 ktoe

Talmhaíocht 314 ktoe

Cónaitheach 2,884 ktoe

Tionscal 2,157 ktoe

Seirbhísí 1,704 ktoe

Tá difríochtaí staitistiúla idir ionchuir agus aischuir

Astuithe Cheaptha Teasa de réir Foinse

70

Sprioc Kyoto d’Éirinn (2008-2012)

60

50

40

30

20

10

0

1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004

Fuinneamh Próisis Tionsclaíocha Úsáid Tuaslagaí agus Táirgí eile Talmhaíocht Dramhaíl

Foinse: EPA

25

26

0.5

0.45

0.4

0.7

0.65

0.6

0.55

Spleáchas Allmhairithe na hÉireann agus an AE

0.9

0.85

0.8

0.75

1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004

Eire AE-15 Meán AE-25 Meán

Praghasanna Fuinnimh do Thionscal

250

200

150

100

50

0

1Q2000 3Q2000 1Q2001 3Q2001 1Q2002 3Q2002 1Q2003 3Q2003 1Q2004 3Q2004 1Q2005

Leictreachas Táirgí Ola Gás Nádúrtha

Foinse: Praghsanna & Cánacha EPA

Rialúchán

Comhaltaí an Bhoird

Is é Frank Convery Cathaoirleach

SEI agus Ollamh Iontaobhaí

Oidhreachta ar Pholasaí

Comhshaoil, Coláiste na hOllscoile,

Baile Átha Cliath.Tá sé mar chathaoirleach freisin ar Comhar –

Comhairle Inmharthana Éireann.

Bhí sé roimhe sin ina Ollamh

Taighde ag an Institiúid um

Thaighde Eacnamaíochta agus

Sóisialta, Baile Átha Cliath, agus mar

Ollamh Comhlach ar Eacnamaíocht

Acmhainní Nádúrtha ag Ollscoil

Duke, North Carolina.Tá scríofa go forleathan aige ar pholasaí fuinnimh agus comhshaoil.

leith saincheisteanna um athrú aeráide san earnáil fuinnimh, fuinneamh inathnuaite a chur chun cinn agus úsáid-deiridh polasaí éifeachtachta fuinnimh.

D'oibrigh sé roimhe seo sa réimse leasa shóisialaigh den tseirbhís phoiblí.

Bhí Bill Flood (eirithe ás an mBord

1 Bealtaine 2005) ina Bhainisteoir ar Irish Fertiliser Industries san

Inbhear Mhór.Tá taithí mhór aige ar dhéantúsaíocht próisis dianfhuinnimh agus tá spéis ar leith aige in iniúchadh feidhmíochta, tagarmharcáil agus i gcomhaontaithe pléite.

Is forbróir maoine, ceantálaí agus suirbhéir é John Buckley, le taithí gnó 25 bliana. Is comhalta Boird de chuid John Buckley Auctioneers é,

Cathaoirleach ar Killarney Race

Company agus Cathaoirleach ar

Choiste Comhairleach na

Gníomhaireachta um Chaomhnú

Comhshaoil.

Tá Eileen Gleeson (ceaptha 8 Meán

Fómhair 2005) ina comhairleoir cumarsáide i mBaile Átha Cliath le

25 bliain anuas. Is Cathaoirleach

Neamh-Fheidhmeannach í ar

Weber Shandwick FCC agus bhí sí mar bhunaitheoir agus mar

Stiúrthóir Bainistíochta ar an gcomhlacht sin ó 1989 go dtí 2003.

Is Stiúrthóir Neamh-

Fheidhmeannach í ar Ulster Bank

Group, Institiúid Stiúrthóirí in Éirinn agus ar UNICEF Ireland. Sheirbheáil sí mar Chomhairleoir Speisialta d’Uachtarán na hÉireann, Máire

Mhic Giolla Íosa, ó 1997 go dtí 2004.

Is é Gerry Cahill Stiúrthóir

Bainistíochta Gerry Cahill

Architects agus Comh-Stiúrthóir ar

Urban Projects Ltd.Tá baint aige ó na 1980aidí le hobair athnuachana uirbigh a dhearadh agus tionscadail tithíochta shóisialta i gcathair agus i gcontae Bhaile

Átha Cliath. Bhí sé mar Stiúrthóir ar

Energy Action Ltd sula ndeachaigh sé ar Bord an SEI.Ta sé ag teagasc dearadh agus teicneolaíocht ag

Scoil Ailtireachta UCD ó 1979.

Tá Vicky Heslop ag cur forbairt inmharthana chun cinn ó 1986. Bhí sí mar Stiúrthóir Bainistíochta ar

Methan O Gen Ltd., comhairleoireacht bithgháis speisialta, ó 1994.Tá sí mar

Uachtarán agus mar chomhalta bunaithe ar Chumann

Bithfhuinnimh na hÉireann.

Is é Martin Finucane an

Príomhoifigeach sa Rannóg um

Fuinneamh Inmharthana den

Roinn Cumarsáide, Mara agus

Acmhainní Nádúrtha, áit a bhfuil freagracht air i measc rudaí eile i

Is é John McMullan Stiúrthóir

Feidhmeannach na carthanachta as Tuaisceart Éireann, Bryson

House, atá chun tosaigh i bhforbairt polasaí éifeachtachta fuinnimh i dTuaisceart Éireann. Is

Cathaoirleach freisin é ar Phainéal

Cuartaíochta Uladh ar Fhorbairt

Inmharthana; Cathaoirleach ar

Grúpa Comhairleach Bochtaine

Breosla Thuaisceart Éireann,

Cisteoir ar Thionscadal Cathracha

Sláintiúla Bhéal Feirste, comhalta

Boird ar Ghníomhaireacht

Fuinnimh TÉ, agus comhalta d'Fhóram Creidmheas Cánach

Líonta Talún na Ríochta Aontaithe.

ar WestLB Covered Bond Bank agus chaith sí dhá bhliain déag mar Stiúrthóir ar ICC Bank agus mar Chathaoirleach ar Choiste

Iniúchta an ICC. Bhí sí roimhe seo ina Stiúrthóir ar an Údarás

Náisiúnta Míchumais,

Príomhfheidhmeannach ar

Chumann Tráchtála Éireann na

Stáit Aontaithe agus mar

Cheannasaí ar Airgeadas

Corparáideach ag Irish Life Plc, agus d’oibrigh sí freisin i Bank of

America agus in Esso.

Is é David Naughton an tOifigeach

Náisiúnta Tionsclaíoch leis an gCeardchumann Teicniúil,

Innealtóireachta agus

Leictreachais, áit a gclúdaíonn a shainchúram freagracht do BSL agus an Comhchomhairle

Tionsclaíoch Náisiúnta don

Tionscal Conartha Leictreachais.

Is innealtóir sibhialta é Pat

O’Malley agus tá taithí fhorleathan aige i bhforbairt maoine agus i mbainistíocht tionscadal.

Sheirbheáil sé freisin mar

Chomhairleoir Speisialta don Aire

Fuinnimh (1989/1992) agus is iarurlabhraí Freasúra é ar Fuinneamh,

Iompar agus Cumarsáid (Dáil

Éireann 1987/1989).

Is Stiúrthóir Seirbhísí le Comhairle

Chontae Chill Mhantáin é Michael

Nicholson. Clúdaíonn a shainchúram Seirbhísí Uisce, gach

ábhar a bhaineann leis an gcomhshaol, agus Seirbhísí

Éigeandála.Tá spéis ar leith aige i bhfuinneamh malartach, Clár Oibre

21, agus i bhforbairt inmharthana.

D’oibrigh Michael chomh maith le

Comhairle Chontae na Mí, le

Comhairle Chontae Liatroma, le

Bardas Chorcaí, Comhairle Baile

Bhaile Átha Troim agus le

Comhairle Baile an Inbhir Mhóir.

Is é David Taylor

Príomhfheidhmeannach SEI. Bhí sé mar Stiúrthóir ar Ionad Fuinnimh na hÉireann, sula ceapadh sa phost seo

é. Cháiligh sé mar innealtóir ceimiceach agus tá MSc aige i mBainistíocht as Coláiste na

Tríonóide Baile Átha Cliath. Bíonn sé gníomhach i gceisteanna fuinnimh na hEorpa agus is comhalta é de

Choiste an IEA ar Thaighde agus

Teicneolaíocht Fuinnimh.

Tionóladh ar an iomlán ocht gcinn de Chruinnithe Boird an SEI i 2005.

Coistí an Bhoird

An Coiste Luach Saothair:

• Frank Convery [Cathaoirleach]

• Martin Finucane

• Bill Flood (eirithe ás an mBord

1 Bealtaine 2005)

• David Naughton

• Claire O’Connor (ceaptha 8 Meán

Fómhair 2005)

An Coiste Iniúchta:

• Pat O’Malley [Cathaoirleach]

• Michael Nicholson

• Claire O’Connor

Is í Claire O’Connor

Príomhoifigeach Airgeadais

WestLB Ireland.Tá sí ina Stiúrthóir

27

Tuarascáil Riaracháin

Cód Cleachtais do Rialú Comhlachtaí Stáit

Cheadaigh an Rialtas an Cód Cleachtais nua do Rialú Comhlachtaí

Stáit i mí Dheireadh Fómhair 2001.Tá an SEI freagrach as a chinntiú go ndéantar forbairt fhoriomlán ar rialú corparáideach maith laistigh de gach cleachtas. Déanann sé é sin trí:

• Oibriú lena chinntiú go ndéantar cothabháil ar chuntasacht agus trédhearcacht

• Oibriú lena chinntiú go ndéantar cinnteoireacht ar bhealach caoithiúil agus éifeachtach

• Ionchur a sholáthar a thaispeánann go bhfuil gníomhaíochtaí an SEI bunaithe ar luach ar airgead

• Córais, próisis agus nósanna inmheánacha a fhorbairt a chomhlíonann ceanglas an Bhoird agus gach reachtaíocht agus treoirlínte infheidhmithe

• na húdaráis tharmligthe ón mBord chuig an CEO a chur i bhfeidhm agus a leasú mar is cuí

Pleanáil Chorparáideach agus Uile-Oileáin

Tá Fuinneamh Inmharthana Éireann freagrach as tuairisc a thabhairt ar a chuid gníomhaíochtaí don Roinn Cumarsáide, Mara agus Acmhainní Nádúrtha agus don Chomhchoiste Oireachtais ar

Chumarsáid, Mara agus Acmhainní Nádúrtha faoin bPlean

Forbartha Náisiúnta. Agus é ag comhlíonadh a chuid oibleagáidí, ullmhaíonn an SEI straitéis chúig-bliana agus pleananna bliantúla, agus bíonn sé i mbun athbhreithnithe leanúnacha agus monatóireacht ar dhul chun cinn.Tá ardáin éifeachtacha bunaithe agus coinnithe ag an SEI chun cláir a sheachadadh, rianú agus athbhreithniú a dhéanamh ar fud phunann gníomhartha an SEI.

Ceann de chuspóirí straitéiseacha an SEI is ea margadh fuinnimh uile-oileáin a sheachadadh. D'fhonn é sin a bhaint amach, déantar iarrachtaí sainiúla lánpháirtiú trasteorann a léiriú agus samhlacha foghlamtha sa réimse sin a bhunú. Lean an SEI i 2005 ag comhordú fheidhmiú obair uile-oileáin trí Ghrúpa Oibre Fuinnimh

Inmhartha (grúpa oibre faoin gCreatlach Forbartha Margadh

Fuinnimh Uile-Oileáin). I measc na hoibre sin bhí gníomhaíochtaí mar Táscairí Fuinnimh Inmharthana Uile-Oileáin a chomhfhorbairt agus forbairt phíolótach ar Acadamh Suiteálacha Fuinnimh

Inathnuaite le hInathnuaití Gnímh.Tá cuspóirí leagtha síos ag an gCreatlach Margadh Fuinnimh Uile-Oileáin chun forbairt bhreise a dhéanamh ar an gcomhoibriú sin ar mhaithe le tomhaltóirí, ó

Thuaidh agus ó Theas.

Cumarsáid

Tá sí mar aidhm ag an SEI soláthar faisnéise a úsáid chun athrú iompair a spreagadh agus a chumasú maidir le ceannach agus

úsáid fuinnimh, agus leis sin laghdú a dhéanamh ar thomhaltas fuinnimh. Baintear é sin amach le sprioc-fhaisnéis a sholáthar trí fheasacht tomhaltóirí a mhéadú maidir leis an tionchar comhshaoil atá ag úsáid fuinnimh agus ag tarraingt airde ar roghanna i dtaca le hinmharthanacht níos mó. Dhírigh an SEI i

2005 ar fheasacht faoi athrú aeráide agus ar riachtanais oideachais dhaoine an-óga as an bpobal trí chlár scoileanna gníomhach.

Díreofar fócas amach anseo ar dheiseanna infheistíochta chun

éifeachtacht fuinnimh a fheabhsú ag baile. Ba é buaicphointe

Chlár Cumarsáide an SEI i 2005 ná an tSeachtain Feasachta

Fuinnimh. Eisíodh seacht gcinn de phreas-eisiúintí thar aon seachtain amháin leis an tionscadal sin, seoladh www.combatclimatechange.ie agus bhíothas i mbun seimineáir athraithe aeráide ollmhóir le Andrew Watkins agus Brendan

McWilliams. Clúdaíodh an tSeachtain Feasachta Fuinnimh i 28 meáin phriontáilte náisiúnta, 25 meáin phriontáilte réigiúnacha agus i 24 siopa craolacháin meán.

Saoráil Faisnéise

Tá Fuinneamh Inmharthana Éireann faoi réir ag an Acht um

Shaoráil Faisnéise, 1997, ó bunaíodh é. Baineann an tAcht le gach taifead atá i seilbh agus á soláthar ag Fuinneamh Inmharthana

Éireann, agus d’fhéadfadh aon doiciméadú a thugtar d’Fhuinneamh Inmharthana Éireann a bheith faoi réir ag iarratas nochtaithe faoin Acht um Shaoráil Faisnéise.

Sláinte agus Sábháilteacht

De bhun an Achta um Shábháilteacht, Sláinte agus Leas ag an

Obair, 1989, cuireann an SEI cultúr sláinte agus sábháilteachta dearfach chun cinn ar fud na heagraíochta. Is é polasaí an SEI ag gach tráth féin-leas gach fostaithe a chosaint trí thimpeallacht oibre shábháilte a chothabháil agus córas oibre de bhun ceanglais an Achta um Shábháilteacht, Sláinte agus Leas ag an Obair, 2005.

28

Córais Fhaisnéise

Bhí baint ag an SEI ar feadh 2005 le roinnt tionscadal lena n-

áirítear:

I. Córas Bainistíochta Deontais

Chuir an SEI Córas Bainistíochta Deontais Oracal-bhunaithe (GMS) i bhfeidhm go hiomlán i 2005, atá lánpháirtithe go hiomlán leis an gCóras Bainistíochta Airgeadais atá ann cheana féin.Tugann an

GMS nua deis iarratas a rianú ón gcéad fhiosrúchán síos díreach go dtí iarratas, luacháil agus ceadú agus ar aghaidh trí íocaíochtaí bainistíochta agus cloch mhíle. De bhrí go bhfuil sé bunaithe ar bhrabhsálaí agus go ndéanann sé giaráil ar fhorbairtí in ICT le déanaí anuas, tugann an córas rochtain shlán ar fáil don fhoireann, do mheastóirí seachtracha agus do chomhaltaí an Choiste

Chomhairligh.Tugann sé deis feidhmiú níos éifeachtaí, tuairisciú níos fearr agus bainistiú níos éifeachtaí a dhéanamh ar na cláir

íocaíochta deontais agus ciste atá cheana féin ann. Mar chóras scálála, éascóidh sé feidhmiú níos tapúla ar scéimeanna deontais nua amach anseo.

Rialuithe Inmheánacha

Tá polasaithe, próisis, tascanna, iompair agus gnéithe eile den SEI mar chuid de chóras rialaithe inmheánaigh an SEI, a éascaíonn oibríochtaí éifeachtacha agus éifeachtúla agus a chinntíonn tuairsciú ar ardchaighdeán agus géilliúntas rialála agus dlíthiúil.

Ionad

Tá príomhoifig an SEI lonnaithe ar champas Enterprise Ireland

(Fiontar Éireann) i nGlas Naíon agus tá dhá oifig réigiúnacha aige, ceann lonnaithe ar áitreabh Enterprise Ireland i Sligeach agus ceann eile lonnaithe i bPáirc Ghnó an Aerfoirt i gCorcaigh.Táthar chun príomhoifig an SEI a athlonnú go Droichead Átha, Co. Lú mar chuid de chlár díláraithe an Rialtais.

II. Bainistíocht Eolais

Is cuid riachtanach le héifeachtacht an SEI a chothabháil é cur chuige córasach a ghlacadh maidir le heolas a aimsiú, a bhailiú, a eagrú agus a stóráil. Cinnteoidh cur chuige córasach mar sin nach mbeidh an eagraíocht ag brath gan údar ar aon acmhainn nó grúpa daoine ar leith le haghaidh leanúnachas gnó i dtéarmaí cuimhne eagrúcháin. Maolóidh sé an riosca a bhaineann le hathrú pearsanra agus cruthóidh sé an tsolúbthacht a bhítear a iarraidh ar eagraíocht nua-aimseartha de chuid na seirbhíse poiblí mar an SEI.

Thug an SEI, go luath i 2005, le cabhair ó chomhairleoirí seachtracha, forbairt straitéis bainistíochta eolais chun críche atá leagtha amach chun cuidiú leis úsáid níos fearr a bhaint as an eolas atá le fáil laistigh den eagraíocht, chomh maith lena choinneáil agus lena ghiaráil.Tógfaidh feidhmiú iomlán na straitéise sin cúpla bliain agus díríonn sé ar thrí phríomhréimse:

Códaíocht Bainistíochta Eolais agus Bonneagar, Roinn Eolais, agus

Cuimhne Eagraíochta a Fheabhsú. Fuair an SEI córas bainistíochta eolais chomhtháite go déanach i 2005 ag teacht leis na riachtanas a bhí sainaitheanta sa straitéis. Beidh an fócas i 2006 ar na córais sin a rolladh amach ar fud na heagraíochta agus iad a ghlacadh i measc na foirne.

29

30

Foilseacháin i 2005

Ean

Feab

Foilseachán

Energy in Ireland 2003

Renewable Energy RD&D Programme Overview

Renewable Energy Resources in Ireland for 2010 and 2020 – A Methodology

Liquid Biofuels for Transport Fact Sheet

Managing Energy – A Strategic Guide for Hotels

LIEN Energy Focus Newsletter Aibreán

Meitheamh SEI Annual Report 2004

Iúil Bioenergy Training and Education Needs Report

Dublin City Traffic Signal Conversion Project – Case Study

LIEN Annual Report 2004

LIEN Energy Successes Report

Deireadh

Fómhair

Samhain

Nollaig

Metering Options for Small-Scale Renewable and CHP Generation in Ireland

Combined Heat and Power in Ireland Trends and Issues – 2004 Data Update

Emerging Technologies as part of an Irish Carbon Dioxide Emissions

Reduction Strategy

Exemplar Model Design Study – Wicklow County Council

Exemplar Model Design Study – Killarney Sports and Leisure Centre

Exemplar Model Design Study – UCC Information Technology Building

A Guide to Renewable Energy in the Home

Building Energy Management Resource Guide

Renewable Energy in Ireland Trends and Issues – 2004 Data Update

Energy Consumption & C0

2

Emissions in the Residential Sector 1990–2004

Assessment of the Potential for ESCOs in Ireland

A Scoping Study: Demand Side Measures for Small Business and

Residential Customers on Ireland’s Electrical System

Fócas

Comhairle Pholasaí

Fuinneamh Inathnuaite

Fuinneamh Inathnuaite

Fuinneamh Inathnuaite

Tionscal

Tionscal

Comhairle Pholasaí

Fuinneamh Inathnuaite

Timpeallacht Thógtha

Tionscal

Tionscal

Fuinneamh Inathnuaite

Comhairle Pholasaí

Fuinneamh Inathnuaite

Timpeallacht Thógtha

Timpeallacht Thógtha

Timpeallacht Thógtha

Consumer

Timpeallacht Thógtha

Comhairle Pholasaí

Comhairle Pholasaí

Tionscal

Tionscal

Tionscadail Cheadaithe

F u i n n e a m h I n a t h n u a i t e

Tithe an Lae Amárach

Deontais arna nEisiúint

Staidéir/Tuarascálacha arna gCoimisiúnú

Riaradh na gClár

Inathnuaití

Deontais arna nEisiúint

Staidéir/Tuarascálacha arna gCoimisiúnú

Tacaíocht Oideachasúil

Riaradh na gClár

Tionscal

Deontais arna nEisiúint

Riaradh na gClár

Iompar

Deontais arna nEisiúint

Timpeallacht Thógtha

Tithíocht ar Ioncam Íseal

Deontais arna nEisiúint

Staidéir/Tuarascálacha arna gCoimisiúnú

Riaradh na gClár

Clár na hEarnála Poiblí

Deontais arna nEisiúint

Riaradh na gClár

Staidéir/Tuarascálacha arna gCoimisiúnú

Rátáil Fuinnimh ag Baile

Staidéir/Tuarascálacha arna gCoimisiúnú

Riaradh na gClár

Cumhacht is Teas In Éineacht

Deontais arna nEisiúint

Staidéir/Tuarascálacha arna gCoimisiúnú

Riaradh na gClár

2 0 0 5 a

2,629,181 a

253,551 a

61,214 a

1,459,687 a

465,638 a

207,852 a

272,368 a

0 a

394,972 a

0 g 5,744,463

2 0 0 4 a

810,468 a

121,562 a

56,319 a

1,458,628 a

886,835 a

183,642 a

475,189 a

0 a

494,831 a

100,000 g 4,587,474 a

957,508 a

25,000 a

437,282 a

1,507,851 a

26,256 a

102,046 a

236,250 a

72,620 g 3,364,813 a

714,423 a

6,521 a

19,653 g 740,597 a

728,492 a

0 a

216,940 a

1,807,490 a

24,449 a

159,739 a

0 a

27,532 g 2,964,642 a

717,188 a

88,831 a

11,457 g 817,476

31

Ráitis Airgeadais don Bhliain dar Críoch 31 Nollaig

2005

Ráiteas ar an gCóras Rialaithe

Airgeadais Inmheánaigh

Thar ceann an Bhoird Fhuinneamh Inmharthana Éireann, glacaim ár bhfreagracht maidir lena chinntiú go gcoinnítear agus go bhfeidhmítear córas éifeachtach um rialú airgeadais inmheánaigh.

Ní thig leis an gcóras ach dearbhú réasúnta agus ní dearbhú absalóideach a thabhairt go ndéantar na sócmhainní uile a chosaint, idirbhearta a údarú agus a thaifeadadh mar is ceart, agus go ndéantar earráidí nó neamhrialtachtaí ábhartha a chosc nó go n-aimseofaí iad i dtréimhse thráthúil ama.

Príomhnósanna imeachta Rialaithe

Tá céimeanna glactha ag an mBord chun timpeallacht oiriúnach rialaithe a chinntiú trí fhreagrachtaí bainistíochta a shainmhíniú go soiléir lena n-áirítear teipeanna suntasacha rialaithe a thuairisciú agus gnímh chuí cheartaitheacha a chinntiú

Tá próisis agus cleachtais bunaithe ag an mBord chun rioscaí gnó a shainaithint agus a luacháil trí:

• sórt, méid agus impleacht airgeadais na rioscaí a shainaithint;

• an dóchúlacht go dtarlódh na rioscaí aitheanta a mheasúnú;

• agus faoi láthair táthar ag déanamh measúnaithe ar chumas an chomhlachta maidir leis na na rioscaí a tharlaíonn a riar agus mhaolú.

Tá an córas rialaithe airgeadais inmheánaigh bunaithe ar chreat d’fhaisnéis bhainistíochta rialta, nósanna imeachta riaracháin lena n-áirítear leithscaradh dualgas, agus córas tairmligin agus cuntasaíochta. Go sonrach áirítear leis:

• córas cuimsitheach buiséadaithe le buiséad bliantúil a athbreithníonn agus a chomhaontaíonn an Bord;

• athbhreithnithe rialaithe ag an mBord ar thuairiscí airgeadais thréimhsiúla agus bhliantúla a léiríonn feidhmiúchán airgeadais i gcomparáid le réamhaisnéisí;

• spriocanna a leagan síos chun feidhmiúchán airgeadais agus feidhmiúchán eile a thomhas;

• leibhéil chuí infheistíochta léiríthí do chláir chistithe.

Tugadh feidhm iniúchta inmheánaigh Fhuinneamh

Inmharthana Éireann ar conradh do ghnólacht chuntasóirí ag deireadh na bliana 2002. Cuirtear an plean bliantúil iniúchta inmheánaigh, a forbraíodh, in iúl trí anailís ar na rioscaí a bhíonn os comhair an údaráis. Tá an cur chuige formhuinithe ag an gCoiste Iniúchta agus faofa ag an mBord. Tá Plean Iniúchta

Straitéisigh Inmheánaigh thrí bliana faofa ag an gcoiste iniúchta agus déantar athbhreithniú air go bliantúil nuair is gá.

Soláthraíonn na hiniúchóirí inmheánacha tuairiscí don Choiste ar thascanna a rinneadh. Tugann na tuairiscí sin easnaimh nó laigeachtaí, más ann dóibh, sa chóras rialaithe airgeadais inmheánaigh chun suntais.

Tá monatóireacht agus athbhreithniú déanta ag an mBord ar

éifeachtacht an chórais rialaithe airgeadais inmheánaigh ag féachaint do na tuarascalácha agus an obair atá déanta ag an lucht bainistíochta, do ghrúpa oibre na nósanna imeachta agus polasaithe, don choiste iniúchta agus do na hiniúchóirí inmheánacha, in éineacht leis an bpróiseas ar bhainistiú rioscaí atá ag an eagraíocht faoi láthair.

Athbhreithniú Bliantúil ar Rialúcháin

Dearbhaím go ndearna an Bord athbhreithniú ar éifeachtúlacht an chórais rialaithe airgeadais inmheánaigh, i dtaca leis an mbliain dar críoch 31 Nollaig 2005.

Sínithe thar ceann an Bhoird

Frank J. Convery

Cathaoirleach

32

Ráiteas ar Fhreagrachtaí an Bhoird don Bhliain dar críoch 31 Nollaig 2005

Fuinneammh Inmharthana Éireann – Bunaíodh Údarás na hÉireann um Fhuinneamh Inmharthana (ar a dtugtar Fuinneamh

Inmharthana Éireann ) faoi Acht um Fhuinneamh Inmharthana

2002 agus tháinig sé i isteach ar 1 Bealtaine 2002. Faoi alt 21(2) den Acht rinneadh trealamh agus maoin uile Fhiontraíocht

Éireann, d’úsáid Ionad Fuinnimh na hÉireann, seachas an mhaoin a luaitear in alt 21(1) den Acht, a aistriú go dtí Fuinneamh

Inmharthana Éireann ar an dáta sin.

Éilíonn alt 24(2) den Acht um Fhuinneamh Inmharthana ar an

Údarás ráitis airgeadais a ullmhú, i bhformáid a fhaomhann an tAire Cumarsáide, Mara agus Acmhainní Nádúrtha le cead ón

Aire Airgeadais.

Agus na ráitis airgeadais seo á n-ullmhú iarrtar ar an mBord:

• Polasaithe oiriúnacha cuntasaíochta a roghnú agus iad a chur i bhfeidhm go comhsheasmach.

• Breithiúnais agus meastacháin atá réasúnta agus stuama a dhéanamh.

• Na ráitis airgeadais a ullmhú ar bhonn gnóthais leanúnaigh ach amháin nuair nach mbíonn sé cuí a mheas go leanfaidh sé de bheith i bhfeidhm.

• Dearbhú ar cloíodh le caighdeáin chuntasaíochta infheidhme nó nár cloíodh, faoi réir neamhchomhlíonadh ábhartha ar bith a nochtadh nó a míníodh sna ráitis airgeadais.

Tá an Bord freagrach as leabhair chuí cuntas a choinneáil, a nochtann, le cruinneas réasúnta ag am ar bith, staid airgeadais an Údaráis agus a chuireann ar a chumas é a chinntiú go gcomhlíonann na ráitis airgeadais Alt 24 den Acht um

Fhuinneamh Inmharthana 2002. Tá an Bord freagrach chomh maith as na sócmhainní uile faoina rialú oibriúcháin a chosaint agus mar sin, as céimeanna réasúnta a ghlacadh maidir le cosc agus aimsiú calaoise agus mírialtachtaí eile.

Sínithe thar ceann an Bhoird

Frank Convery

Cathaoirleach

David Taylor

Príomhfheidhmeannach

33

Tuarascáil an Ard-Reachtaire

Cuntas agus Ciste le cur i láthair

Thithe an Oireachtais

Tá ráitis airgeadais Údarás Fuinnimh Inmharthana Na hÉireann don bhliain dar críoch 31 Nollaig 2005 iniúchta agam faoin Acht

Um Fhuinneamh Inmharthana, 2002.

Tá na ráitis airgeadais, a ullmhaíodh faoi na beartais chuntasaíochta arna leagan amach sna ráitis, comhdhéanta de na Beartais Chuntasaíochta, an Cuntas Ioncaim agus

Caitheachais, an Clár Comhardaithe, Ráiteas Gnóthachan agus

Caillteanas Aitheanta Iomlán agus na nótaí gaolmhara.

Freagrachtaí an Údarás agus an Ard-Reachtaire Cuntas agus Ciste faoi seach

Tá an tÚdarás freagrach as na ráitis airgeadais a ullmhú de réir an Achta Um Fhuinneamh Inmharthana, 2002 agus as rialtacht na n-idirbheart a chinntiú. Ullmhaíonn an tÚdarás na ráitis airgeadais de réir Cleachtais Chuntasaíochta a nGlactar Leis go

Coitianta in Éirinn. Tá freagrachtaí cuntasaíochta Chomhaltaí an

Bhoird leagtha amach sa Ráiteas um Fhreagrachtaí an Bhoird.

Is é m’fhreagrachtsa ná na ráitis airgeadais a iniúchadh de réir cheanglas ábhartha dlí agus rialúcháin agus Caighdeán

Idirnáisiúnta maidir le hIniúchóireacht (Ríocht Aontaithe agus Éire).

Tuairiscím mo thuairim maidir le cibé an dtugann na ráitis airgeadais léargas fíorcheart, de réir Cleachtais Chuntasaíochta a nGlactar Leis go Coitianta in Éirinn. Tuairiscím freisin cibé, dar liom, an raibh leabhair chuntais chuí coinnithe. Lena chois sin, deirim cibé an dtagann na ráitis airgeadais leis na leabhair chuntais.

Tuairiscím ar aon chás ábhartha nár feidhmíodh suimeanna airgid chun na gcríoch a bhí beartaithe nó sa chás nach leanann na hidirbhearta do na húdaráis a rialaíonn iad.

Tuairiscím freisin mura bhfuil an fhaisnéis agus na mínithe ar fad faighte agam agus atá riachtanach chun críocha m’iniúchta.

Scrúdaím an Ráiteas maidir le Rialú Inmheánach Airgeadais le féachaint an léirítear ann gur chomhlíon an tÚdarás an Cód

Cleachtais maidir le Rialachas Comhlachtaí Stáit agus tuairiscím ar aon chás ábhartha nach ndéanann sé amhlaidh, nó más rud é go bhfuil an ráiteas míthreorach nó nach dtagann sé le faisnéis eile atá ar eolas agam de bharr na ráitis airgeadais a bheith iniúchta agam. Ní cheanglaítear orm a bhreithniú cibé an gclúdaíonn an Ráiteas maidir le Rialú Inmheánach Airgeadais gach priacal agus rialú airgeadais, ná teacht ar thuairim maidir le héifeachtacht na nósanna imeachta maidir le priacail agus rialú.

An Bunús atá le mo Thuairim ar na Ráitis

II mbun m’fheidhme mar Ard-Reachtaire Cuntas agus Ciste, rinne mé m’iniúchadh ar na ráitis airgeadais de réir Caighdeán

Idirnáisiúnta maidir le hIniúchóireacht (Ríocht Aontaithe agus

Éire) arna n-eisiúint ag an mBord um Chleachtais

Iniúchóireachta agus trí thagairt a dhéanamh do na nithe ar leith is gá a chur san áireamh i ndáil le cúrsaí bainisteoireachta agus oibriúcháin a ghabhann le comhlachtaí Stáit. Déantar scrudú mar chuid den iniúchadh, ar bhonn tástála, ar fhianaise a bhaineann le suimeanna agus rialtacht na n-idirbheart airgeadais a chuirtear san áireamh sna ráitis airgeadais, agus leis na hidirbhearta a fhoilsítear iontu. Chomh maith leis sin, cuimsíonn an t-iniúchadh measúnacht ar na meastacháin agus ar na breitheanna suntasacha a rinneadh agus na ráitis airgeadais á n-ullmhú, agus measúnacht le féachaint an noireann na beartais chuntasaíochta don bhail atá ar chúrsaí an

Údaráis, ar feidhmíodh na beartais sin ar bhealach leanúnach agus ar foilsíodh iad ar bhealach sásúil.

Phleanáil mé agus rinne mé m’iniúchadh sa chaoi is go bhfaighinn an fhaisnéis agus na mínithe ar fad a mheas mé a bheith riachtanach ionas go mbeadh leordhóthain fianaise agam a d’fhágfadh cinnteacht réasúnach ann go bhfuil na ráitis airgeadais saor ó mhíráiteas ábhartha, cibé calaois nó neamhrialtacht nó earráid eile is cúis leis sin. I dteacht ar mo thuairim, rinne mé meastóireacht ar a shásúla is a cuireadh faisnéis i láthair sna ráitis airgeadais san iomlán freisin.

Tuairim

Is é mo thuairim go dtugann na ráitis airgeadais léargas fíorcheart, de réir Cleachtais Chuntasaíochta a nGlactar Leis go

Coitianta in Éirinn, ar riocht ghnóthaí an Údaráis ag 31 Nollaig

2005 agus ar a ioncam agus ar a chaiteachas don bhliain dar críoch sin.

Is é mo thuairim go raibh leabhair chuntais chuí coinnithe ag an

Údarás . Tá na ráitis airgeadais ag teacht leis na leabhair chuntais.

Gerard Smyth

Le haghaigh agus thar ceann an Ard-Reachtaire Cuntas agus Ciste

14th Meitheamh 2006

34

Polasaithe Cuntasaíochta

An bhliain dar críoch 31 Nollaig 2005

(A) Tréimhse Ráiteas Airgeadais

Cuimsíonn na ráitis airgeadais an bhliain ó 1 Eanáir go dtí 31

Nollaig 2005.

(B) An Bunús le Cuntasaíocht

Ullmhaíodh na ráitis airgeadais ar bhonn fabhruithe, ach amháin mar atá thíosluaite agus de réir an Chleachtais Chuntasaíochta a

Ghlactar go Ginearálta leis, faoin gcoinbhinsiún costais stairiúil, agus san fhormáid a d’fhaomh an tAire Cumarsáide, Mara agus

Acmhainní Nádúrtha. Ní dhéantar deontais a fhabhrú ag deireadh na bliana. Glactar le Caighdeáin Tuairiscithe Airgeadais glactha ag na comhlachtaí cuntasaíochta aitheanta de réir mar a

éiríonn siad infheidhme. Is in aonad airgeadra an Euro atá na ráitis airgeadais.

(C) Deontais Stáit

Léiríonn na Deontais Stáit a thaispeántar sa Chuntas Ioncaim agus Caiteachais an méid a fuarthas ón Roinn Cumarsáide, Mara agus Acmhainní Nádúrtha.

(D) Sócmhainní Seasta

Luaitear sócmhainní seasta ag costas lúide dímheas carntha.

Ríomhtar dímheas d’fhonn costas na sócmhainní seasta a dhíscríobh thar a saolréanna úsáideacha measta mar a leanas:

Mótarfheithiclí 20%

Trealamh agus Feisteas

Trealamh Ríomhairí

33.33%

33.33%

Bogearraí 33.33%

(E) Aoisliúntas

Soláthraíonn Alt 17 den Acht um Fhuinneamh Inmharthana do bhunú scéimeanna aoisliúntas ag an Údarás. Scéim sochair sainithe atá sa scéim chun críche an Achta Pinsean, 1990. Tá an scéim á feidhmiú ar bhonn riaracháin ag feitheamh ar fhaomhadh an Aire Cumarsáide, Mara agus Acmhainní

Nádúrtha, le cead an Aire Airgeadais.

Léiríonn costais phinsin sochair phinsin atá tuillte ag fostaithe sa tréimhse. Aithnítear méid atá comhfhreagrach leis an muirear pinsin mar ioncam sa mhéid is gur féidir é a aisghabháil ón

Roinn Cumarsáide, Mara agus Acmhainní Nádúrtha agus go bhfuil sé fritháirithe ag deontais a fuarthas le linn na bliana chun

íocaíochtaí pinsin a scaoileadh amach. Léirítear gnóchachain nó cailiúintí achtúireacha a thagann as dliteanais scéime sa Ráiteas ar Ghnóchachain agus Cailiúintí Aitheanta agus aithnítear coigeartú comhfhreagrach sa mhéid atá in-aisghabhála ón

Roinn Cumarsáide, Mara agus Acmhainní Nádúrtha. Is ionann dliteanais phinsin agus luach reatha íocaíochtaí pinsin amach anseo atá tuillte ag baill foirne go dtí seo. Is ionann an cistiúchán pinsin iarchurtha agus an tsócmhainn chomhfreagrach a aisghabhfar i dtréimhsí amach anseo ón Roinn Cumarsáide,

Mara agus Acmhainní Nádúrtha.

De réir cheangaltais FRS 17- Aithníonn Sochair Scoir, an Cuntas

Ioncaim agus Caiteachais, an Ráiteas ar Ghnóchachain agus

Cailiúintí Aitheanta agus an Clár Comhardaithe idirbhearta pinsin, gluaiseachtaí agus iarmhéid a léiríodh roimhe seo mar nótaí leis na Ráitis Airgeadais amháin. Dá bharr sin rinneadh figiúirí na mblianta comhfhreagracha a athshonrú.

Is ionann an Cuntas Caipitil agus luach neamhamúchta an ioncaim a úsáideadh chun sócmhainní seasta a cheannach.

(F) Cuntas Caipitil

Is ionann an Cuntas Caipitil agus luach neamhamúchta an ioncaim a úsáideadh chun sócmhainní seasta a cheannach.

35

An Cuntas Ioncaim agus Caiteachais don Bhliain dar críoch Nollaig 2005

Ioncam

Deontais Stáit

Ioncam ó Chonarthaí AE

Ioncaim Eile

Glanchistiúchán Iarchurtha

Ioncam Iomlán

Aistriú go Cuntas Caipitil

Nótaí

3

17 (B)

1

2

15

Caiteachas

Tuarastail agus Muirir Bhainteacha

Costais Phinsin

Earcaíocht, Oiliúint & Oideachas

Fógraíocht agus Chur Chun Cinn

Táillí Comhleoireachta Ginearálta agus Táillí Gairmiúla

Riarachán Ginearálta

Clár um Thimpeallacht Thógtha

Clár Taighde agus Forbartha

Clár Fuinnimh Mhalartaigh

Caiteachas Iomlán

Barrachas/(Easnamh) don bhliain

Barrachas/(Easnamh) ag 1 Eanáir

Barrachas/(Easnamh) ag 31 Nollaig

4

17(A)

5

6

7

8

9

10

11

2,988,043

940,000

258,240

1,548,972

587,144

1,008,643

3,364,813

5,744,463

740,597

17,180,915

74,290

(41,801)

32,489

Ráiteas ar Iomlán na nGnóchachan agus na gCailiúintí Aitheanta

Barrachas/(Easnamh) don bhliain

Cailiúint Achtúireach ar Dhliteanas Pinsean

Coigeartú ar Chistiúchán Pinsin Iarchurtha

17(C)

17(C)

Iomlán na gGnóchachan/(Cailiúintí) don bhliain

Is cuid de na ráitis airgeadais seo an Ráiteas ar Pholasaithe Cuntasaíochta agus Nótaí 1 go 23.

74,290

(194,000)

194,000

74,290

2005

g

16,279,690

30,807

109,449

906,000

17,325,946

(70,741)

17,255,205

2004

Mar a nuashonraíodh

g

13,868,000

24,129

227,013

618,000

14,737,142

(39,570)

14,697,572

(405,612)

(882,000)

882,000

(405,612)

3,023,159

650,000

147,098

1,683,662

436,175

793,498

2,964,642

4,587,474

817,476

15,103,184

(405,612)

363,811

(41,801)

Frank Convery

Cathaoirleach

36

David Taylor

Príomhfeidhmeannach

Clár Comhardaithe amhail ar

31 Nollaig 2005

Sócmhainní

Sócmhainní Seasta

Sócmhainní Reatha

Banc

Fiachóirí

Réamhíocaíochtaí

Nótaí

12

13

2005

g

288,881

438,321

50,500

8,265

497,086

Dliteanais Reatha

Creidiúnaithe

Fabhruithe

CBL

14 120,616

313,864

30,117

464,597

Glansócmhainní Reatha/(Dliteanais)

Sócmhainní Iarchurtha

Sócmhainní Cistiúcháin Iarchurtha

Dliteanas Pinsin

Sócmhainní Iomlána Lúide Dliteanais Reatha

17(B)

17(B)

32,489

6,100,000

(6,100,000)

321,370

Arna Mhaoiniú ag

Caipiteal

An Cuntas Ioncaim agus Caiteachais

15

Iomlán na nGlansócmhainní

Is cuid de na ráitis airgeadais seo an Ráiteas ar Pholasaithe Cuntasaíochta agus Nótaí 1 go 23.

288,881

32,489

321,370

2004

Mar a nuashonraíodh

g

218,141

581,157

103,200

9,309

693,666

218,141

(41,801)

176,340

582,133

89,237

64,097

735,467

(41,801)

5,000,000

(5,000,000)

176,340

Frank Convery

Cathaoirleach

David Taylor

Príomhfeidhmeannach

37

Nótaí a ghabhann leis na Ráitis

Airgeadais don Bhliain dar Críoch

31 Nollaig 2005

1. Deontais Stáit

Faoi alt 22(1) den Acht um Fhuinneamh Inmharthana 2002, soláthraíonn an tAire Cumarsáide, Mara agus Acmhainní Nádúrtha cistiú don Údarás d’fhonn a fheidhmeanna a chur i bhfeidhm. Sa chistiú a soláthraíodh i rith na bliana faoin gClár Oibriúcháin um

Infrastruchtúr Eacnamaíoch agus Sóisialta (ESIOP) tá an méid seo a leanas:

2005 2004

Infrastruchtúr Institiúideach

Timpeallacht Thógtha

Taighde & Forbairt

Fuinneamh Malartach a a a

6,279,690

3,770,000

5,380,000 a 850,000 e16,279,690 a 5,741,000 a 2,805,000 a 4,542,000 a 780,000 e13,868,000

2. Ioncam ó Chonarthaí AE

Tá an cistiú ó chonarthaí AE ó ghníomhaíochtaí in Éifeachtacht Fhuinnimh agus Fuinneamh In-athnuaite lena n-áirítear cur chun cinn teicneolaíochta, scaipeadh faisnéise, comhordú agus bainistiú taighde agus imeachtaí.

3. Ioncam Eile

Is éard atá san ioncam eile ná fáltais ó chúrsaí a reáchtáladh mar atá liostaithe thíos agus as urraíocht a fháil agus ioncam eile sa tréimhse. Áirítear ar na cúrsaí a reáchtáladh, an Cúrsa Bainistíochta Coire-Tí, an Cúrsa Iniúchta Fuinnimh, an Cúrsa Cuisneora agus an

Cúrsa Soilsithe Fuinnimh.

2005 2004

Ioncam Ceardlanna

Ioncam Eile

Ranníocaíochtaí ón Lá Saor ó Ghluaisteáin

Gradaim um Uarraíocht ar Éifeachtacht Fuinnimh a a a

62,973

10,476 a 0

36,000 e109,449 a 57,720 a 19,293 a 150,000 a 0 e227,013

38

Nótaí a ghabhann leis na Ráitis

Airgeadais don Bhliain dar Críoch

31 Nollaig 2005

4. Luach Saothair agus Costais Phá Eile

Tá an tÚdarás ag baint na hasbhaintí riachtanacha as tuarastail i ndáil le ranníocaíochtaí pinsin d’fhostaithe, a íoctar chuig an Roinn

Cumarsáide, Mara agus Acmhainní Nádúrtha. Níl sé ceangailte ar an údarás ranníocaíochtaí fostóra a dhéanamh don scéim seo.

2005 2004

Tuarastail

Ranníocaíochtaí an fhostóra do leas sóisialta

Foireann Gníomhaireachta/Conartha

Sochair Chomhlachtaí Boird a 2,541,337 a a

240,089 a 15,920

190,697 f2,988,043 a 2,478,854 a 225,991 a 117,768 a 200,546 f3,023,159

5. Earcaíocht, Oiliúint agus Oideachas

Oiliúint & Earcaíocht Foirne

Síntiúis agus Foilseacháin Foirne

Cruinnithe Foirne a 229,654 a a

17,709

10,877 e258,240 a 126,199 a 17,826 a 3,073 e147,098

6. Fógraíocht agus Cur Chun Cinn

Costais Fógraíochta

Priontáil agus Dearadh

Urraíocht

Caidreamh Preasa

Costais Ceardlanna

Ábhair

Gníomhaíochtaí Chur Chun Cinn Ginearálta

Forbairt Láithreáin Ghréasáin a a a a

670,812

267,581 a

187,054

106,951 a a a

61,492

97,034

83,127

74,921 e1,548,972 a 468,410 a 356,949 a 271,288 a 171,914 a 171,740 a 117,230 a 76,106 a 50,025 e1,683,662

39

Nótaí a ghabhann leis na Ráitis

Airgeadais don Bhliain dar Críoch

31 Nollaig 2005

7. Táillí Comhairleoireachta Ginearálta agus Táillí Gairmiúla

Seirbhísí Fuinnimh Inmharthana

Forbhairt Eagrúcháin

Caidrimh Phearsanta/PR & Fógraíocht

Tionscal & Coirí

Clár do Scoileanna

Staidéar ar Thaighde Tomhaltóra

Tairiscint Concerto AE do Chistiú

Aonad um Thacaíocht Staitisticiúil do Pholasaí Fuinnimh

Eile

Idirchaidreamh le Gníomhaireachtaí Áitiúla Fuinnimh

2005

a 11,047 a 185,870 a 13,042 a 120,165 a 9,832 a 48,400 a 108,164 a 48,955 a 41,669 a 0 f587,144

8. Riarachán Ginearálta

Muirir Fhoirgnimh agus Seirbhísí eile

Taisteal & Cothú - Foireann

- Bord

Deisiúcháin & Cothabháil

Dímheas

Táillí Iniúchta

Árachas & Dlíthiúil

Guthán

Páipéarachas

Eile

- Inmheánach

- Seachtrach a 229,888 a 209,977 a 11,151 a 134,624 a 204,585 a 35,289 a 15,500 a 79,710 a 11,017 a 23,540 a 53,362 f1,008,643

9. An Timpeallacht Thógtha

Tá trí chomhpháirt ar leith ag an bhfobheart seo, a bhfuil sí mar aidhm aige feidhmiúchán fuinnimh an stoic tógála náisiúnta a fheabhsú.

• Díríonn an Clár Earnála Poiblí ar acmhainní a chur ar fáil chun feabhas a chur ar fhoirgnimh phoiblí, rud a chiallaíonn go mbeidh an earnáil phoiblí ar a cumas ról dea-eiseamláir a bheith aici.

• Tá sí mar aidhm ag an Rátáil Fuinnimh Bhaile córas rátála fuinnimh a fhorbairt sa dóigh go mbeidh éifeachtacht fuinnimh mar ghné do dhaoine i gcinntí maidir le tithe a fháil ar cíos nó tithe a cheannach;

• Téann Títhíocht ar Ioncam Íseal i ngleic le gnéithe éifeachachta fuinnimh i dtithe ina mbíonn teaghlaigh ag maireachtáil ar bheagán breosla.

a 245,133 a 204,495 a 19,302 a 62,141 a 91,401 a 35,054 a 15,000 a 43,821 a 8,946 a 16,581 a 51,624 f793,498

2004

a 21,875 a 142,257 a 30,135 a 128,658 a 18,371 a 0 a 0 a 51,777 a 31,329 a 11,773 f436,175

40

Nótaí a ghabhann leis na Ráitis

Airgeadais don Bhliain dar Críoch

31 Nollaig 2005

9. An Timpeallacht Thógtha (ar lean)

Títhíocht ar Ioncam Iséal

Deontais Eisithe

Staidéir/Tuairiscí Coimisiúnaithe

Oibriúchán/Cur chun Cinn an Chláir

Clár na hEarnála Poiblí

Deontais Eisithe

Staidéir/Tuairiscí Coimisiúnaithe

Oibriúchán/Cur chun Cinn an Chláir

Rátáil Fuinneamh Bhaile

Staidéir/Tuairiscí Coimisiúnaithe

Oibriúchán/Cur chun Cinn an Chláir

2005

a 957,508 a 25,000 a 437,282 a 1,507,851 a 102,046 a 26,256 a 236,250 a 72,620 f3,364,813 a

2004

a 728,492 a 0 a 216,940

1,807,490 a 159,739 a 24,449 a 0 a 27,532 f2,964,642

10. Taighde agus Forbairt

Tugann an fobheart Taighde agus Forbartha tacaíocht d’fhorbairt agus feidhmiú chleachtais fuinnimh inmharthana i dtithíocht na hÉireann. Tugann sé tacaíocht do thionscadail a bhfuil sí mar aidhm acu méadú a dhéanamh ar an úsáid a bhaintear as fuinneamh inathnuaithe trí theicneolaíochtaí, táirgí, cleachtais agus faisnéis a ghiniúint agus a chur i bhfeidhm.

2005 2004

Teach na Todhchaí

Deontais Eisithe

Staidéir/Tuairiscí Coimisiúnaithe

Oibriúchán/Cur chun Cinn an Chláir a 2,629,181 a 253,551 a 61,214 a a

810,468

121,562 a 56,319

Earraí Inathnuaite

Deontais Eisithe

Staidéir/Tuairiscí Coimisiúnaithe

Tacaíocht Oideachais

Oibriúchán/Cur chun Cinn an Chláir

Tionscal

Deontais Eisithe

Oibriúchán/Cur chun Cinn an Chláir

Iompar

Deontais Eisithe a 1,459,687 a a a a

465,638

207,852

272,368 a 0

394,972 a 1,458,628 a a a a

886,835

183,642

475,189 a 0

494,831 a 0 f5,744,463 a 100,000 f4,587,474

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Nótaí a ghabhann leis na Ráitis

Airgeadais don Bhliain dar Críoch

31 Nollaig 2005

11. Fuinneamh Malartach

Soláthraíonn an beart seo cistiú i dtrí réimse mar a leanas: Infrastruchtúr Leictreachais agus Teasa a69, 273, clár píolótach CHP/teas ceantair a0 agus an Oifig um Fhaisnéis ar Fhuinneamh Inathnuaite (REIO) a671,324, atá mar sheirbhís náisiúnta de chuid an Údaráis, a bunaíodh chun úsáid acmhainní fuinnimh inathnuaite a chur chun cinn.

2005 2004

Deontais Eisithe

Staidéir/Tuairiscí Coimisiúnaithe

Oibriúchán/Cur chun Cinn an Chláir a 714,423 a a 6,521

19,653 f740,597 a 717,188 a 88,831 a 11,457 f817,476

12. Sócmhainní Seasta

Sócmhainní Seasta 2005

Costas:

Amhail ar 01 Ean 2005

Breisiúcháin

Diúscairtí

Amhail ar 31 Dec 2005

Dímheas:

Amhail ar 01 Ean 2005

Muirear don tréimhse

Amhail ar 31 Noll 2005

Glanmhéid Leabhar

Amhail ar 31 Nollaig 2005

Amhail ar 31 Nollaig 2004

Trealamh agus

Bogearraí

Ríomhaire

g

254,072

267,067

0

521,139

Deisiúcháin agus

Feisteas

g

61,487

8,258

0

69,745

94,376

177,470

271,846

249,293

159,696

28,171

18,965

47,136

22,609

33,316

Mótarfheithiclí

g

40,750

0

0

40,750

15,621

8,150

23,771

16,979

25,129

Iomlán

g

356,309

275,325

0

631,634

138,168

204,585

342,753

288,881

218,141

42

Nótaí a ghabhann leis na Ráitis

Airgeadais don Bhliain dar Críoch

31 Nollaig 2005

13. Fiachóirí

Urraíocht ar an lá saor ó ghluaisteáin

Gradaim um Uarraíocht ar Éifeachtacht Fuinnimh

Conarthaí ón AE

2005

a 0 a 36,000 a 14,500 f50,500

2004

a 100,000 a 0 a 3,200 f103,200

14. Creidiúnaithe

Aoisliúntas foirne coinnithe

Creidiúnaithe trádála a 0 a 120,616 f120,616 a 291,660 a 290,473 f582,133

15. Cuntas Caipitil

Iarmhéid Tosaigh

Aistriú ón gCuntas Ioncaim & Caiteachais

Chun breisiúcháin Sócmhainní Seasta a chistiú

Amúchadh ag teacht le Dhímheas sócmhainní a 218,141 a 275,325

(a204,585) a 70,740 f288,881

Iarmhéid ag deireadh na bliana

16. Fostaithe

Foireann bhuan

Ba é meánlíon na bhfostaithe buana don tréimhse ná 9. (2004: 12)

Foireann ar conradh

Ba é meánlíon na n-acmhainní foirne ar conradh fostaithe ag Fuinneamh Inmharthana Éireann don tréimhse ná 34. (2004: 30) a 178,572 a 130,970

(a91,401) a 39,569 f218,141

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Nótaí a ghabhann leis na Ráitis

Airgeadais don Bhliain dar Críoch

31 Nollaig 2005

17. FRS17

17 (A)

Feidhmíonn Fuinneamh Inmharthana Éireann (SEI) scéimeanna aoisliúntais shochair shainithe don fhoireann.

Tá na torthaí thíos bunaithe ar luacháil achtúireach na ndliteanas pinsin maidir le foireann atá ann faoi láthair agus iarbhaill foirne SEI amhail an 31 Nollaig 2005. Ba é achtúire neamhspleách cáilithe a rinne an luacháil seo chun críche an chaigdeáin chuntasaíochta,

Caighdeán Tuairiscithe Airgeadais Uimhir. 17 – Sochair Scoir (FRS 17).

Ba iad na príomhbhoinn tuisceana airgeadais a úsáideadh ná:

Ráta lascaine

Ráta méadaithe i dtuarascail

Ráta méadaithe i bpinsin

Boilsciú

ag 31/12/05

5.5%

4.0%

4.0%

2.0%

ag 31/12/04

5.5%

4.0%

4.0%

2.0%

ag 31/12/03

6.0%

4.0%

4.0%

2.0%

2005

a 670,000 a 270,000 f940,000

2004

a 440,000 a 210,000 f650,000

Anailís ar Iomlán na Muirear Pinsin

Costais Seirbhíse Reatha

Ús ar dhliteanais scéimeanna pinsin

Costas Pinsin sa tréimhse

17 (B)

Anailís ar ghluaiseacht i ndliteanas le linn na bliana

Dliteanas scéime ag 1 Eanáir

Costas seirbhíse reatha

Costas úis

Cailiúint/(gnóchachan) achtúireach

Sochair a íocadh le linn na bliana

Glanchistiú Iarchurtha do Phinsin don Bhliain

Cistiú athfhála maidir leis an mbliain reatha costais phinsin

Deontas Stáit chun pinsin a íoc a 5,000,000 a 670,000 a 270,000 a 194,000

(a34,000) f6,100,000 a 3,500,000 a 440,000 a 210,000 a 882,000

(a32,000) f5,000,000 a 940,000

(a34,000) f906,000 a 650,000

(a32,000) f618,000

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Nótaí a ghabhann leis na Ráitis

Airgeadais don Bhliain dar Críoch

31 Nollaig 2005

17 (B) (ar lean)

Aithníonn SEI na méideanna seo mar shócmhainn atá comhfhreagrach leis an dliteanas iarchurtha neamhchistithe do phinsin ar bhonn na sraithe de bhoinn tuisceana ar cuireadh síos orthu thuas agus roinnt imeachtaí a bhí ann. Áirítear ar na himeachtaí seo an bonn reachtúil do bhunú na scéime aoisliúntais (tá scéim SEI ag feitheamh ar fhaomhadh ón Roinn Airgeadais faoi láthair) agus an polasaí agus cleachtas atá ann faoi láthair maidir le pinsin seirbhíse poiblí a chistiú lena n-áirítear ranníocaíochtaí a dhéanann fostaithe agus an próiseas meastachán bliantúil. Níl fianaise ar bith ag SEI nach leanfaidh an polasaí cistithe seo ar aghaidh chun dul i ngleic lena leithéid de shuimeanna de réir an chleachtais reatha.

Tháinig an tsócmhainn chistithe iarchurtha do phinsin amhail ar 31 Nollaig 2005 go dtí a6,100,000 (2004: a5,000,000).

Tá cainníochtú an dliteanais bunaithe ar na boinn tuisceana airgeadais atá leagtha amach thuas. Moltar na boinn tuisceana a úsáidtear don Roinn Cumarsáide, Mara agus Acmhainní Nádúrtha ach ní dhearnadh iad a chomhaontú go foirmiúil leis an roinn.

17 (C)

Stair de ghnóchachan agus cailiúintí

Cailiúintí/(Gnóchachain) ar dhliteanais scéime

Méid (a)

Céadatán luach reatha na ndliteanais scéime

2005

a 194,000

3%

2004

a 212,000

4%

Méid iomlán aitheanta i STRGL

Méid (a)

Céadatán luach reatha na ndliteanais scéime

Anailís ar an méid aitheanta sa ráiteas ar iomlán na ngnóchachan agus na gcailiúintí aitheanta (STRGL)

Cailiúintí/(gnóchachain) a eascraíonn ar dhliteanais scéim

Athruithe i mboinn tuisceana

Cailiúint/(gnóchan) achtúireach aitheanta i STRGL

a 194,000

3% a 194,000 a 0 f194,000 a 882,000

18% a 212,000 a 670,000 f882,000

17 (D)

Iarmhairt an Athraithe i bPolasaí Cuntasaíochta

Is é iarmhairt an athraithe i bpolasaí cuntasaíochta a eascraíonn as FRS 17 a thabhairt isteach ná costais phinsin a tuilleamh seachas ná híocaíochtaí a dhéantar chuig pinsinéirí a aithint mar chaiteachas na bliana, agus méid chomhfhreagrach do chistiú a aithint. Lena chois sin, aithníonn an Clár Comhardaithe an dliteanas carntha do phinsin tuillte ag fostaithe amhail an 31 Nollaig 2005 in éineacht le sócmhainn chomhfhreagrach cé go ndearnadh an dliteanas seo a nochtadh roimhe seo trí nóta amháin.

18. Tiomantais

Meastar go dtiocfaidh íocaíochtaí sa todhchaí a eascróidh as tiomantais a bhaineann le scéimeanna éagsúla tacaíochta go dtí a 18,079,839 (2004: a16,103,789).

45

Nótaí a ghabhann leis na Ráitis

Airgeadais don Bhliain dar Críoch

31 Nollaig 2005

19. Comhaltaí Boird – Nochtadh Leasa

Ghlac an Bord nósanna imeachta de réir alt 18 den Acht um Fhuinneamh Inmharthana 2002.

20. Áitreamh

Tá Údarás na hÉireann um Fhuinneamh Inmharthana lonnaithe, faoi cheadúnas, i bhfoirgnimh de chuid Fhiontraíocht Éireann.

21. Cánachas

De réir alt 227 den Acht Comhdhlúite Cánacha 1997 níor íocadh cánachas ar bith ná ní chaithfear soláthar dó sna ráitis airgeadais.

22. Figiúirí Coibhneasta

Rinneadh figiúirí coibhneasta áirithe don bhliain a athghrúpáil agus a athshonrú ar an mbonn céanna leis na figiúirí don bhliain reatha.

23. Faomhadh na Ráiteas Airgeadais

D’fhaomh an Bord na ráitis airgeadais ar an 24 Bealtaine 2006.

46

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