AUSTRALIAN MONITOR | PA800 | Specifications | AUSTRALIAN MONITOR PA800 Specifications

AUSTRALIAN MONITOR PA800 Specifications
Australian Monitor
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Operation Manual
IMPORTANT!
Please read carefully.
This operation manual contains important information regarding safety precautions, installation, performance,
operation and maintenan e of your Piseries porcramplifier.
You should familiarize yourself with the contents of this
manual before operating your amplifier.
Safety Precautions
and Labelling
The rear panelof the unit has a numberof markings
and intemationally recognized symbols related to the
hazards and precautions that should be taken when
operating MAINS connecled equipment.
The presence of a LIGHTNING FLASH with an
arrowhead contained within the boundaries of a
equilateral triangle is intended to alert the user that
dangerous uninsulated voltages may exist within the
units enclosure, These voltages may be of a sufficient magnitude as to constitute the risk of an elec-
tricalshock.
REFER SERVICING TO
QUALIFIED PERSONNEL.
NO USER SERVICEABLE
PARTS INSIDE.
The user should not attempt to service the unit. Only
qualified and knowledgeable personnel familiar with
the internal workings of the unit should attempt any
repair, servicing or authorized modification to the
unit. The unit does not contain any parts which the
usercan service orre-use in this oranyotherproduct.
This symbol is reinforced with the text:
ICAUT|ON! A
RISK OF ELECTRICAL SHOCK /A \
I
DO NOT
OPEN
lf you are in need of special assistance and the
\
The presence of an EXCLAMATION MARK contained within the boundaries of a equilateral triangle
is intended to alert the user that there is important
operating and maintenance literature that accompanies the unit.
information you require is outside the scope of this
manual, please contact your nearest service agent or
Australian Monitordirect:
THE TECHN ICAL I\4ANAGER
AUDIO TELEX COMMUN ICATIONS PTY LTD,
PRIVATE BAG 149,
SILVERWATER. N.S.W. 2128
AUSTRALIA.
IWARNING! /\
DO NOT EXPOSE TO EITHER
RAIN OR
,/ I \
MOISTURE ! \
The unit should not be operated in a situation where
it mayencounterthe entry ofwater, rain, oranyfl uids.
To expose the unit to the above conditions may make
the operation of the unit hazardous and increase the
risk of electrical shock.
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Local
lntemational
Email
Phone
Fax
(02)96471411 (02)96,483698
(612)%47 1411 (612) 9648 3698
ho@audiotelex.com
Contents
Page
1. lntroduction
2. Controls, Connectors and lndicators
2.1 Front Panel
2.2 Rear Panel
lnstallation
5
6
7
3.
4. Operation
5. Bridge Mode
6. Two Ohm or Not Two Ohm
7. Maintenance
8. Warranty
9. Specification
I
11
13
15
16
17
18
19
List of Illustrations
Page
Figure 1. Block Diagram
Figure 2. Front Panel Layout
Figure 3. Rear Panel Layout
5
6
8
Figure 4. Case Dimensions
10
Figure 5. "Speakon" Connector Wiring
Figure 6. Bridge Mode Speaker Wiring
12
15
Features:
chassis. - 1 Watt output indication (2.828volts).
construction for ease of servicing. - 1 dB below output clip indication.
- Custom designed, 2RU heavy duty alloy
- Open modular
- Symmetrical layout - even weight
distribution.
supply.
- High efficiency toroidal mains transformer
- Binding post and Neutrik "speakon" output
conneCtion.
- Stereo or bridged / mono operation.
- well-regulating, high current power
- lnput signalstrapping (loop through)
- Efficient front to back cooling.
Dual, twin speed axialfans.
- Multi-role output fault indication.
- Front carry handles. Rear rack mount ears.
plug in signal modifiers (optional).
connectors. - signal ground lifi switch.
attenuators.
inputs and buffered attenuators.
- 21 Position detented
- Balanced
- Massive heat-sink / heat-exchangers.
- Highquality, close-tolerance components
throughout.
Protection Features
- Suppression of inrush current at mains
tum-on.
tum-on.
- lnput overvoltage protection.
- Radio-frequency interference suppibssion.
- Short-circuit protection and indication.
- lnput muting at
Ausfualhn Monitor
- High overload mains fuse.
- lnternal, independent DC supply railfuses.
- Layout, grounding, decoupling and componentry
have been optimized to provide the user with
stability, reliability and longevity.
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Introduction
5
1. Introduction
Congratulations on choosing Australian Monitor
for
your professional amplification requirements.
The design of your P4-Series Audio powerAmptifi
ers
e.mbrgce all the aspects of a well designed
unit. The
visual design, mechanical, electricalLnd sonic pa_
rameters, along with our dedicated manufacturing
process, have all been optimized to provide profesa
sional tool that exhibits quatity, reliability and longev_
itv.
Each cfrannel of the amplifier comprises a balanced
active input with a buffered attenuator driving a
differential class A drive stage which in turn drivel
a
fan-cooled, class AB, MbSFET output stage
configured as a source follower. The unit operates
from a high cunent-capable linear power supply.
These units have been specifically designed to
de_
liver their high power output with minima'idistortion,
and provide the critical degree of control required
by
The PA-Senes amptifiers are 2 unit (3.5,,) tail,
wide rack mountable units,
PRE AMP
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Ausbalian Monitor
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1
Amplifier Block Diagram
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2
Controls &- Connectors
.
Controls,
Connectors
&
Indicators
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2
Front Panel Layout
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Controls
Front
Pi Series models have identical front panel
layouts.
Fig u re 7 shows the panel layout of the PlSeries. The
fu ndions of the controls and indicators are as fol lows:
2
7
Panel
The
I
& Connectors
3
Fault Indicator
This amber LED will flash when a fault condition
exists.
The fault detection circuit monitors the difference
between drive and output in your amplifier.
Aftenuator
Level control for your amplifier is provided by a 21
lf you have a short on the speaker output (or a
position detented potentiometer and indicates
gain reduction in decibels from the 0 dB position
(maximum gain, no attenuation).
blown negative rail fuse) the LED will flash brightly
in sync with the programme. This LED will also
flash with programme peaks for gross overloads
or if the load is 2 ohms or less.
Status Indicator
The circuit has two stages of operation:
1. lt will provide indication (e.9. gross overload)
but does not affect the input signal (a faint flash).
This is a dual color LED which displays the status
of the output stage and displays three levels of
operation.
2. lt will indicate and mute the input signal (e.g
These levels are:
Below 1
1 watt and
watt
above
1dB below actual
clipping
shorted output) (brightly flashing or permanently
on).
(unlit)
(green)
(red)
+
The LED will turn green once the output voltage
exceeds 2.828 volts (1 watt re 8 ohms or 2 watts
re 4 ohms). This is equivalent to:
24dB below rated powerfor a PA800 or
26dB below rated power for a PA1200.
The LED will change to red once the output
exceeds the -1dB point before actual clipping of
the amplifiefs output stage. The threshold of the
-1dB point is refened to the amplifier supply rails
and alters with changes in the mains supply,
changes in the load and duty cycle fluctuations.
Power Switch
Press the switch to the right for power on ( I )and
to the left for power off ( 0 ). At start-up (turn-on)
the input to the amplifier is muted by 30dB for
approximately two seconds.
5
On/Thermal Indicator
This is a dual colored LED which will normally be
green and indicates that the amplifier is on and
receiving mains power.
ln the advent of a thermal overload this LED will
The attack and decay time (ballistics), of the
status circuit are those of a Peak Programme
Meter
(P.P.M.)
:.
lf using this indicator to line up sensitivities, apply
a steady state tone (e.9. slate on a mixing console).
The 1 watt level is the mid-point between the
tum red indicating that the intemal operating
temperature of one or both amplifierchannels has
exceeded a safe level of operation and the
channels will be automatically muted. The fans
will continue to run and once the effected channel/
s have had a cooldown period, theywill un-mute
and return to normaloperation.
indicator illuminating and extinguishing green.
NOTE: The amplifier is not damaged by running
into clipping, but speakers may be. To maximise
the life of your speakers, try to keep clipping
infrequent.
Aus;balian Monitor.
NOTE: You should always ensure that the fan
grille is kept clean and free from the build up of
dust and lint. This will ensure longer operation of
your amplifier and reduce the possibility of it
prematurely going into thermal shutdown mode.
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Controls
81-
Connectors
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Rear Panel Layout
R
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Controls &- Connectors 9
Rear Panel
to 24O volt mains supply.
5
NOTE: Your unit must always be earthedt
Balanced Input
A female 3-pin XL type connector is provided on
each input:
Pin 1 = SignalGround;
Pin 2 = Hot (non-inverting or in phase);
Pin 3 = Cold (inverting or reverse phase).
10 Mains
A 20mm x Smm fuse drawer is provided within the
housing of the IEC mains connector. When you
recieve your amplifier it will have a working fuse
and a spare fuse inside the fuse drawer. The
drawer can only be opened once the mains lead
6a Signal Strapping
is removed from the connector. The fuse is
provided to protect both the mains and your
A male 3-pin XL type connector is provided and
wired in parallel with the female input XLR for
strapping / looping signal between amplifiers.
7
Signal Ground
Lift Switch
When this switcfr is engaged it disconnects signal
ground from the input connectors on both chan-
nels. lt is intended to be used when .hum" is
caused by earth loops (due to different ground
potentials between source equipment and the
amplifier) or stray magnetic field pick up on the
input ground/shield wiring. (lt does not intenupt
signal ground continuity on the strapping connector). The amplifier should be tumed off before
engaging this switchl
8
Binding Post Outputs
Touch proof binding posts (banana jacks) are
provided for speaker output termination with
banana plugs orbarewire. The red post is used as
positive and the black post is used as negative.
8a SPEAKON
Ouput
Connector
The NEUTRIK (NL4MP) 4way SpEAKON connector
is
provided as an additional speaker output.
This emerging standard of loudspeakerto amplifi er
connection allows a@ess to both channels of the
amplifier via the one connec{or for bi-amp applications. Channel-A is considered the dominant
channel and has both channelS wired to the
Speakon connector. See the installation section
of this manual for detailed information on Speakon
wiring.
9
Mains Connection
Your amplifier is fitted with an internationally
recognised IEC mains inlet connector.
Please ensure that the connecting mains lead for
usewiththis conneclor isof an approvedtype and
is of sufficient current carrying ability.
Your Ptlauand P4tzm require a minimum mains
lead rating of 1 0 amps when operate dfrom a22O
Aushdian Monitor:
Fuse
amplifier as well as reducing the degree of damage
if an internal fault exists.
When replacing the fuse, replace with an antisurge (slow blow) type of the current rating
indicated on the back panelabovethefuse holder.
Warranty does not cover a blown fuse or any
resulting damage due to an incorrect fuse rating
or type.
The PAau requires a 8 Amp Anti-Surge fuse.
The P4tzu requires a 10 Amp Anti-Surge fuse.
1l
Bridge Switch
Pushing this switch in engages the BRTDGED/
MONO mode of operation. ln this mode your
amplifierwill only accept signal applied to channel
A's input XLRs and the level of both channels will
be controlled by channel A's attenuator. The
output from channel B will automatically be of the
opposite polarity (reversed phase) and speaker
termination should be sourced from the red
binding-post outputs.
D.C. Rail
Fuses (Internally fitted)
Removing the bottom lid will show PCB mounted
fuse holders holding the rail fuse for each supply
to each channel. These 3AG .fast blou/' type
fuses are in series with the positive and negative
supply rails for each channel of your amplifier,s
output stage. Thesefuses provide overall protection of the output stage and can also be used to
isolate individual channels in case a fault condition exists.
lf you need to replace the rail fuses they must be
replaced with the same type and cunent rating:
Prfu = 8 Amp.
Plrm = 10 Amp.
NOTE: Replacement of the fuses should only be
carried out by a competent and experienced
person.
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Installation
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4
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Dimensions
lnstallation 1 I
3. Installation
heat to build up within the unit and possibly force the
unit into its thermal shutdown mode.
Power Requirements
Model:
PlsM
Mains Voltage
Fuse Rating
8 Amps
240,220-230
idle
Power consumption at
Power consumption at rated
Model:
lf the units are to be operated in an environment
=
power =
120Watts.
1450 Watts.
P4rzu
Mains Voltage
Fuse Rating
240,220-230
10 Amps
idle
Power consumption at
Power consumption at rated
wherethe airflow is restricted such as sealed racks or
even when running 2 ohm loads, the cooling should
be supplemented by extra cooling fans to evacuate
the heated air and aid the flow of cool air through the
unit.
Input Wiring
IMPORTANT
Do not directly connecl pin 1 on the amplifieds input
or strapping XLR, to the amplifier's chassis, speaker
ground or power ground!
NOTE
=
160Watts. lnput signal ground is not to be used
power = 22AOWatts. ground (earth).
the
1}o/o).
as a safety
balanced3-pinsystem
Ensure that your mains voltage is the same as
rear panel mains voltage marker (+l-
lh91nu!toyouramplifierisa
andrequiresallthreepinstobeconnected. Onlyhigh
Mounting
When wiring for a balanced source the connector
Your amplifier is designed for standard 1g" rack
mounting and occupies 2 EIA rack units (3.5"). The
mounting centers are:
Vertical:
3.0" (76.2mm)
Horizontal: 18.2" (461.2mm) to 18.7" (473.8mm).
The slots in the mounting flange will accept bolt
diameters up to 1/4" (6.35mm).
We recommend that you provide additionalsupport
forthe amplifier, especially if road use is planned, as
the weight can bend some racks otherwise. This
support can be provided by secure shelving, support
rails or a rear rack mounting strip to match up with the
rear rack mount ears provided on your Pl Series
amplifier.
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Cooling
Each chann el d your PAm/Pltmamplifier is cooled
by an axial fan which draws cool air from the front of
the unit and expels the heated air from the rear of the
unit. These units offer two speed fans which run at
half speed, switching to full speed when the intemal
heatsink temperature exceeds 600C (1280 F).
An unrestricted airflow into and outfrom the unit must
be provided. Any restriction of the airflowwill c€luse
Aus;bdlan Monitor
quality twin-core shielded cable should be used.
going to the input of your amplifier should be wired as
follows:
Pin2 = HOT (ln Phase - non inverting).
Pin 3 = COLD (Reverse Phase - inverting).
Pinl
=GROUND/SHIELD.
\A/hen wiring from an unbalanced source you must
ensure that pin 3 is connected to pin 1 (input ground),
either by linking the pins in the input connecloror by
the source equipment's output wiring.
When wiring for an unbalanced source:
Pin2 = Hot (in phase with the amplifier's output),
Pin 3 = GrouncUShield (ioins to pin 1).
Pin 1 = Ground/Shield
NOTE:
ln-line XLR connectors often have a termination lug
thatconnects directlyto thechassis of the connector.
Do not link this lug to pin 1 at the amplifier's input as
it will defeat the amplifier's input grounding scheme.
This lug is often referred to as a "drain" and is used
to provide a termination to the chassis for shielding
purposes when a floating signal ground is required
between the source and destination, or when
disconnecting the signal ground is required to reduee
earth loop noise, ornoise induced intosignalgrounds
from stray magnetic fields.
I
2
Installotion
Output Wiring
When wiring to your speakers always use the largest
gaugewire yourconnectorwill accept. The longerthe
speaker lead the greater the losses will be, resulting
in reduced power and less damping at the load. We
recommend using a heavy duty two core flex (four
core flex if bi-amping) 10 to 12 gauge (2mm2 to
2.5mm2 or 50/0.25 or equivalent) as a minimum.
Binding Post Outputs
When terminating to the 4 mm binding post (banana
jack) output connectors, banana plugs or bare wires
can be used. The red terminal is positive and the
black terminal is negative (ground).
lf running in BRIDGE mode, only the red binding
posts are used. Channel A provides the positive
outputtothe load and channelB providesthe negative
output to the load.
The "Channel A" SPEAKON actually carries both
channelA
&
channel
B
outputs (se e Figure 5: Speakon
Connector Wiring Diagrams).
The "Channel B" SPEAKON canies the Channel B
output only.
This anangement allows you the option of connecting to the outputs separately ortogether. Connecting
through a single connector has the advantage of
minimising connections, preserving phasing and
simplified channel allocation, which is particularly
important when bi-amping or in bridge mode.
IMPORTANT
Do not overload your amplifier by connecting the
channel B output twice!
Channel A is used as the "dominanf channel and
when sourcing a dual output from Channel A the
following standard should be used:
SPEAKON Outputs
When using the NEUTRIK SPEAKON (NL4MP) connector for speaker output, use only the mating
NEUTRIK NL4FC in-line connector. This connector
is designed so that both channels can be fed from a
single connector.
\A/hen in bridge mode:
Two SPEAKON connectors are provided on the
Pin 1+ = Bridge Output Positive
Pin 2+ = Bridge Output Negative.
amplifier.
Channel A = Left or Low Frequencies.
Channel B = Right or High Frequencies.
SINGLE CONNECTION
CH
BRIDGED CONNECTION
A/LEFI
OR
CH
B/RIGHl
DUAL CONNECTION
CHA
SPEAKON
Figure 5. "Speakon" Cannector Wring Diagram
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BI.AMP CONNECTION
Operation l3
+.
Operation
accept signal. The lnrush Cunent Supression (lCS)
circuit is in operation for the first 0.5 seconds. This
imits the mains cunent to prevent "nuisance-tripping"
of circuit breakers.
l
IMPORTANT
All signal source equipment should be adequately
earthed. This not only ensures your safety but everybody else's as well. Faults can and do occur in
mains connected equipment where the chassis can
become'live" if it is not properly earthed. ln these
instances the fault in a "floating' (ungrounded) piece
of equipment will look for the shortest path to ground
which could possibly be your amplifie/s input. lf the
fault cunent is large enough it will destroy the input
to your amplifier and look for the next available path,
which may be you!
Before making any connections to your Piau/
Ptihzu amplifi er observe the
fol lowing:
During this period the THERMAUON LED willflash
red whilstthe mains voltage gradually charges up the
power supply. You will then hear a relay "clicK,
indicating mains is now directly applied to the amplifi er
and the THERMAUON LED willbe green.
While the ICS circuit operates there is also a 30dB
mute on the signal input. Aftertwo seconds this mute
will release, allowing any applied signal to pass
unattenuated.
When switching the amplifier off, wait a couple of
seconds before switching the unit on again. This
allows the ICS circuit to reset.
1. Ensure the mains voltage supply matches the
2.
label on the rear panel of youramplifier (+/- 1 0%).
Ensure that the power switch is OFF (to the left 0)
3. Ensure that all system grounds
4.
(earth). are
connectedfrom a common point. Avoid powering
equipment within a system from multiple power
sources that may be separated by largedistances.
Check the continuity of all interconnecting leads
to your amplifier, ensure that there are no open or
short circuited conductors.
5. Ensure that the power handling of your
load
(speakers) can adequately cope with the power
output of the amplifier.
Before operat ngyour Pfuf?r'hzuamplifi er, ensure
that:
-
The attenuators are at the'OFF' position (fully
anticlockwise).
The GROUND LIFT Switch is not engaged (should
be in the'ouf position).
The BRIDGE Switch is not engaged if you are not
running the amp in bridged mode.
Powering
t
Up
REMEMBER
The amplifier should be the last piece of equipment
thatyou tum on and thefirst piece of equipmentthat
you tum off.
Level Matching
The normal operating position for the attenuator is
the "0 dB" position (fully cloclwise, no attenuation).
ln this position the amplifier operates at full gain.
Turning the attenuator back (anticlockwise) reduces
the input sensitivity by the amount marked on the
attenuator scale (dial).
NOTE:
lf full power output is required you should operate
your amplifier with the front panel attenuator above
the -15d8 position, othenrise clipping of the input
circuitry and its resultant distortion will occur before
full output power is achieved.
Sensitivity
Youramplifier is a lineardeviceoperatingwith afixed
input to output voltage gain (less attenuation). The
maximum output voltage sldng is determined by the
applied mains voltage, load, load type and the duty
cycle of the applied signal.
The voltage gain factor of your amplifier is:
37 (31.5 dB) for a PA800
45 (33.0 dB) for a PA1200
Th e i n put
sensiti vity f o r y our Pr4am/?4tzu amp ifi er
when the attenuator is at the "O' dB attenuation
position (fully clockwise) is nominally:
We recommend tuming the attenuators on your
+4.0d8
amplifier down when turning the unit on.
load.
When you power up you
Pfu/Prltzu,your
er
goes through an establishment period before it will
r
Asbalian Monitor,
ampl
ifi
+3.0d8
I
(1
.23 volts in) for rated power into a 8 ohm
(1
.
10 volts in) for rated power into a 4 ohm
load.
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l1
Operation
Each channel of your Plw/F,hzn amplifier has a
nominal balanced input impedance of 3OkOhms
(@1kHz) and should not present a diffiq.rlt load for
any signal source.
Your signal source (i.e. the equipment feeding the
amplifier) should have an output impedance of
600 Ohms or lower to avoid urnvanted
loss in the cabling.
h
i
gh freq uency
difference between the amp earth and source equipment earth appears to the amplifief s input as a signal
and is amplified as hum.
There are three things you can do to avoid earth loop
problems:
1. Ensure
your mains powerforthe audio system is
"quiet" i.e. without equipment on it suclr as airconditioning, refrigeration or lighting whicfr may
generate noise in the earth circuit.
lnput overload occurs at +20.5d8u (8.25 volts).
See the specification section for more detailed infor-
2.
mation.
Hum Problems
Most equipment is designed for minimum hum when
used under ideal conditions. When connected to
other equipm€nt, and to safety earth in an electrically
noisy environment however, problems wi ll often ocanr.
The three "E"s of hum and hum related noise which
can plague your audio system are:
a) Electrostatic radiation,
b) Electromagnetic radiation, and
c) Earth loops
Electrostatic radiation capacitively couples to system elements causing an interference voltage that
mainly affects higher impedance paths, such as
amplifier inputs. The source is generally a nearby
high voltage such as a mains lead or a speaker lead.
The problem can usually be reduced by moving the
offending lead away, or by providing additional
electrostatic shielding (i.e. an earthed conductor
wfrich forms a banier to the field).
Electromagnetic radiation induces interference currents into system elements that mainly effect lower
impedance paths. Rqdio transmitters or stray magnetic fields from mains transformers are often the
cause of this problem. lt is generally more difficult to
elirninate this kind of interference, but again, moving
the source away or providing a magnetic shield (i.e.
I
a steel shield) should
help.
Earth loops can arise from the interfacing of the
Ensure all equipment within the system shares a
common ground/ safety earth point. This will
reducethe possibility of circulating earth currents
as the equipment will be referenced to the same
ground potential.
3.
Ensure that balanced signal leads going to the
amplifier are connected to earth at one end only.
Signal Ground-Lift Switch
When proper system hook-up has been carried out,
you may still have some hum or hum related noise.
This may be due to any of the previously mentioned
gremlins.
Y our
PtfutPltmampl
ifi
er has a " S ignal Ground
Liff
switch which disconnects the input ground wiring
from the amplifier. A substantial drop in hum and or
hum related noise can result from judicious use of
this switch.
NOTE
lf the input ground lift switch is used you must
ensure
adequate shielding of the input wiring. lf the signal
source equipment does not provide adequate
shielding (i.e. a definitive connection to ground) you
must disconnect the shield from the input connector's
ground pin (Pin-1) and re-connect it to the "drbin"
contact on the input connector. This will ensure the
shield on your input wiring actually goes to the
amplifier chassis and subsequently to earth.
DO NOT CONNECT PIN-1 DIRECTLY TO THE
DRAIN CONNECTION.
various pieces of equipment and theirconnections to
safety earth.
You will defeat the amplifiers intemal grounding
This is byfarthe most common cause of hum, and it
occurswhen source equipment and the amplifierare
plugged into difierent points along the safety earth
where the safety earth wiring has a cunentflowing in
il The cunent flowing through the wire produces a
voltage drop due to the wire's resistance. This voltage
Always ensure that your amplifier is off and the
attenuators are down when you engage this switch.
ltu
scheme and possibily cause instabilitytothe amplifi er.
This switcfr should only be used when the amplifier is
operated from a balanced signalsource.
NOTE: Be wary of quasi{calanced outputs, these
are often no more thanfloating unbalanced outputs.
Bridge
5. Bridge Mode
The term BRIDGE is used when two independent
amplifier channels are used to drive the same load.
The load is in series (a bridge) between the two
amplifier channels.
ChannelA is used asthe "dominant', channel and its
output is in phase with the input signal, and channel
B has its phase reversed so it is exacily 1g0o out of
phase with the input signal.
As two amplifiers with a phase difierence of 1gS are
now driving the load you will now have double the
voltage into the load. This means you will now have
four times the porcr into that load. The output can
now be considered as an active balanced output.
Acommon useof an amplifier in BRIDGE mode isfor
driving 70volt& l00voltdistribution tines. ln BRTDGE
mode, The Pthzo can produce over 100 volts with
line impedances over 8 ohms whilst the &Qao can
produce over 84 volts with line impedances over g
ohms.
up y our
Piau/Pirzu
am p I if i er for ru nn
i
n
Mode
15
g it n B R I D GE
i
mode.
Whilst the amptifier is
1.
ofi
Connect the signal source to the Channel-Afemale
input XLR. The Channel-A attenuator becomes
the level controlfor both channels.
2. Engage the "push to bridge" switch.
3. Connect your load between the red binding post
output terminals, where the positive side of the
load is connected to lhe channel A output (marked
BRIDGE+) andthe negativesideof the loadgoes
to the channel B output (marked BRIDGE-). There
are no further connections required.
You can also source the output from the Channel-A
SPEAKON output connector where Channel-A will
be on the pin marked
pin marked 2+.
1
+
and Channel-B will be on the
NOTE: You should check after market manufactured
Speakon interconnecting speaker leads before
Equally the units can be used in bridge mode to
provide the correct voltage/power requirements for
an applicable load.
As shown in Figure 6, there are three steps in setting
connecting them to your amplifier. Some leads are
manufactured for specific purposes, or specific use,
and may have pins shorted inside the connector. Any
speakon lead with shorted pins willobviously short
the output of your amplifier (either to ground, or
output to output - be careful)
Fiox !ilcNAL souecc
o
(::=f
-
!il!
I
!il!
Figure
-)
?fftil (---
(-C:-
8fifil -f
6 Bidge Mode Speaker Connection
Australian Monitor
/tu
16
Two Ohm
or Not Two Ohn
6. Two Ohm or
Not Two Ohm
specification sheet is derived from
NOTE:
Ensure adequate ventilation and monitor the FAU LT
indicators to guard against thermal shutdown when
driving two ohm loads.
A Preamble.
The load that a loudspeaker presents to an amplifier
is very complex and at different frequencies can be
inductive, capacitive, resistive, or a combination of
these (reactive). With the complex interaclion of
these attributes, which alter from loudspeaker to
loudspeaker, a definitive load for an amplifier does
not really exist.
Loudspeakers operating within an enclosure are
specified with a nominal impedance. This nominal
impedance is only a rough guide to the load it
presents to an amplifier.
As an example, a loudspeakerwith a nominal impedance of say 8 ohms, may have an impedance of over
50 ohms at resonance (bass frequencies), drop to
less than 6 ohms after the resonance peak (through
its mid band area) and then increaseto over 16ohms
for higher frequencies.
A 4 ohm load makes an amplifier work "harde/' than
an 8 ohm load at the same voltage, as double the
cunent is required.
Though various loudspeakers may be marked with
the same nominalimpedance, some loads are more
difficult than others.
Bass frequencies usually exhibit higher impedances
and require higher voltages to achieve the desired
result. They also reflect higher energy back to the
amplifier simply due to the amount of cone excursion
involved at lower frequencies.
The Mid frequency band usually offers the lowest
impedances and the highest duty cycles requiring
both high voltage and high cunent.
The High frequency region usually offers a moderate
impedance and usually does not need much voltage
but the instantaneous current demand can be much
greater than you think.
As well as this burden on the amplifier, the transient
waveforms found in actual use can demand a lot
more current than the "steady-state" sinewaves used
in most amplifier bench tests.
The power output of your
/tu
PimlPhzmquoted
a
voltage exanrsion
into a resistive load for a sine wave at a given
frequency. Though this method is in line with the
on the
various standards that exist, it only gives an indication
to the maximum voltage s,wing (before clipping) for a
given load. Th is method of rating power does not give
an indication of the current (Ampere) capability of the
amplifier, nor does it show the amplifier's ability to
sustain high energy waveforms.
Your P4au/P,'hzmamplifier is designed to be able to
deliver more than twice the cunent than that shown
on the specification sheet to cope with difficult loads
andlor high energy waveforms.
This extra cunent reserve is the result of over engineering and is the headroom the amplifier utilizes to
control the loudspeaker and dealwith the "reactive
energy" from the loudspeaker load that has to be
dissipated within the amplifier.
Your
Pfu/Ptltzm amplifier is able to drive 2 ohm
loads or operate in BRIDGE mode into 4 ohms. The
operator must be aware that when driving 2 ohm
loads or bridged 4 ohm loads that the currents
running in the output stage are very large and will
€use greater heat build up within the amplifier than
higher impedance loads.
The Front Panel FAULT lndicators can be used to
provide an indication of the "difficulty" of the load and
will give the operator an indication of the heat build
up in the output stage.
lf the fault indicators flash with the "clip" LED or do
not illuminate until well into clippingthen the load can
be considered as normal or easy.
lf the fault indicator starts to flash before the "clip"
LED then the load should be considered complex
and/or difficult.
For the more complex and/or difficult loads, the
illumination of the'Yault' LED on programme peaks
should be interpreted as the output level limit.
Driving the output continuously past this point could
result in muting of the output stage, fuse's blowing or
premature thermal shutdown.
Thefault detection circuit is also thermally compensated, and fault indication will occur earlierwhen the
unit is hot. lf the'fault" LED continually lights earlier
than normal, then the unit is heating up. lf the signal
level is not reduced to compensateforthe heating of
the unit then thermal shutdorrn may occur.
Maintenance I7
7
.
Maintenance
PAau/h4tzm ampl ifi er wi ll need minimat maintenance. No intemal adjustments need to be made to
the unit to maintain optimum performance.
Y our
To provide years of unhindered operation we suggest
a maintenance inspection be canied outon a regular
basis, say every 12 months or so.
Fan s
Due to the openness of the air path through your
PiwlPrhzu amplifier, very litfle dust should setfle
within the amplifier. The unit has been designed so
that any dust and/or foreign particles that do setfle
within the amplifierwill not unduly hinder the cooling
of the unit.
The mesh grille in front of the fans will act to limit the
amount of dust and lint entering the unit. You will find
in time that there will be a build up of dust and lint on
the grille which may start to hinder the airflow through
the unit. You should periodically remove the dust and
keep the grille clean. Removal of dust from the rear
grille will also aid cooling.
holdthefan rotorstillandwipethe dust off the blades.
Many uses stall the fan and use compressed air to
blowthe dust off the fan blades. lt is important to note
thatthefan blades must be held stillwhilstblowing air
over the blades othenrrise you may burn out the
bearings in the fan.
Fuses
Alongwith rearpanel mainsfuse, there isfour(4) rail
fuses provided internally in the unit. These railfuses
are in series with the positive and negative output
supply to each amplifier channel and provide overall
protection for the output stage. lf the amplifier is
subjected to heavy use such as short circuits, 2 ohm
or bridged 4 ohm loads, these fuses will eventually
fatigue and may require replacing to ensure they do
not fail at an inconvenient time.
NOTE
Make sure the unit is off and is unplugged from the
mains. Give the main filter capacitors time to
discharge before removing lids and inspecting the
fuses.
You should replacethefuse
if
theelement
is
sagging
or discoloured. Only ever replace with the same
type fuse and current rating.
Overtime, dust may build up on the leading edge of
the fan blades and reduce their cooling efficiency.
The time taken forthis to happen will depend on the
environment and the amount of use.
The fan blades are accessible once the lids are
removed and can be easily cleaned. You need only
Arsbdhn I'tonitor
When checking for a failed fuse, do not rely on visual
inspection alone. You should use an ohmmeter to
check continuity.
Only competent or qualifi ed persons should attempt
any service or maintenance of your amplifier.
lfu
l8
Warranty
8. Warranty
Australian Monitorwarrants the original purchaser of
each PA-Series amplifier (purchased at an authorised
Australian Monitor dealer) that it will be free from
defects in materials and workmanship for a period of
two (2) years from the original date of purchase.
Australian Monitorwill, at its option, repair or replace
any unit or component covered by this warranty which
becomes defective or malfunctions under normal use
and service during the period of this warranty, at no
charge for parts or labour to the original owner.
This warranty does not cover blown fuses, faulty
fuse contacts, thermal problerns due to obstructed
airflow, ordefects or malfunctions resulting from
accidents, misuse, abuse, operation with the incorrect AC mains voltage, connection to faulty
equipment, modification or alteration without
prior factory approval or seruice by unauthorised
personnel.
It is the owner's responsibility to ensure that normal
maintenance inspections are carried out at regular
intervals as recommended in the maintenance section
of this manual. Australian Monitor reserves the right to
refuse warranty service where the orner fails to take
reasonable care in use and maintenance of the amplifier.
To validatethiswananty, the original purchasermust
complete and mailthe warranty registration card directly to Australian Monitor within fourteen days of
purchase.
To obtain warranty service, the equipment should be
shi pped to an authorised Australian Monitor dealer or
to Australian Monitor at the owner's expense.
Un
its with a def;aced seri al nu mberwi
I
I
not be
Australian Monitor accepts no liability for any
consequential damages, whether direct or indirect, arisi ng from the use or misuse of its products.
Australian Monitor reserves the right to alter its designs and specifications at any time without notice or
obligation to previous purchasers.
/fu Australian Monitor
P4-seRr ES 2 vEAR wAR RANw REG rsrRATroN
IMPORTANT
Please complete this card and return it immediately after unpacking the product.
This card is to be sent DIRECTLY to Australian Monitor.
NOTE! Warranty is effective ONLY upon receipt of this card.
COMPANY
NAME
MODEL
ADDRESS
SERIAL N"
DATE PURCHASED
CITY
DEALER
STATE
CODE
aepted
forwarranty service. Any evidence of alteration, erasure orforgery of the purchase receipt will also void this
wananty.
COUNTRY
Ensure that you ftll out and send your wananty registration card.
Use fhis copy to record a duplicate of the details.
SpeciJicafion 19
Model
, PitZOO
Model
, PIAOO
Output Power
E.l.A 1 kHz, <0.1 06 THD+N. Sohm
Single
44OW
Both channels
400W
Single channel
Both channels
Pulsed @ 1 kHz, at onset of clipping,
10% duty cycle, re 4 ohms.
Pulsed @ 1 kHz, at onset of clipping,
10% duty cycle, re 4 ohms.
Single channel driven.
Both channels driven.
Single channel driven.
Both channels driven.
Bridge mode
16 ohm load
8 ohm load
Bridge mode
E.l.A. 1 kHz, <0.1 %
channeldriven.
driven.
1200W
Output Impedance @ 1
Damping Factor
@1
kHz
ktzre
<0.025 ohms
I ohms
>32o:1
THD+N. Sohm
driven.
driven.
285W
255W
550W
500w
16 ohm load
8 ohm load
510W
800w
Output Impedance @ 1 kHz
Damping Factor
@ 1 kHz re 8
<0.030 ohms
ohms >260:1
Output Rise Time
Output Rise Time
(80%, leading edge of 2lkHzsquare wave)
(8006, leading edge of ZOkHzsquare wave)
Slew
4ohm
460W
400W
<2.8 pS
Rate
Sov per pS
(leading edge, 20kHz square wave @ ctipping)
(leading edge, 20kHz square wave @ clipping)
Weight
Weight
Net 37.5 tb (17kg), Shippins 43tb (19.5kg)
Net 33 lb (15kg), Shipping 38.5 tb (17.5kg)
Common Specifications
Distortion (0.5 dB betow ctipping
re 4 ohms)
THD+N (@ 1 kHz)
<O.O1%
IMD SMPTE (60 Hz &7 kHz41)
<0.05%
IMD DIM 30 (3.15kH2 sguare & 15 kHz) <O.O2o/o
Input CMRR
@1
kt.i.z
(re 8 ohm rafing)
Signal ,/ Noise ratio
'A" weighted (re 8 ohm rating)
Frequencv Response
2OHz-20k{z
< r 0.15 dB
<10 Hz - 90 kHz
-3dB points
Input Impedance
Crosstalk
@ 1 kHz (re 8 ohm rating)
Dimensions
Line to Line (Balanced)
30k ohms
Input Sensitivity
(nominaily)
For rated power re 8
For rated power re 4
ohm
ohm
1.26 Vrms (+4 dBu)
1.10 Vrms (+3 dBu)
excluding handles
including handles
H xW x D
3.5 x 19 x 14.8 (inch)
88 x 482 x 375 (mm)
3.5 x 19 x 17.7 (inch)
88 x 482 x 450
(mm)
(19 inch EIA rack mounting, 2 units high)
Test conditions
Input source = 600 ohm, Balanced and ground referenced (CMRRtest had floating ground & E0 ohm
source). Mains regulated to 240 volts / 50h2. All measurements taken at binding posl output terminals.
Standard production units measured. No compensation applied.
Aushalian Monitor
/tu
Australian Monitor
Distributed by:
Audio Telex Communications Pty Ltd
ACN 001345.+82
Australia
www.audiotelex.com
lnternational Enquiries
Ph: 61 -2-9647
1
411, Fax: 6i -2-97 48 2537, E-mail : ho@audiotelex.com
Sydney
Ph: (02) 9647 1411, Fax: (02) 9648 3698, E-mait: nsw@audiotetex.com
Melbourne
Ph: (03) 98907477, Fax: (03) 9890 2927, E-mait: vic@audiotetex.com
Brisbane
Ph: (07) 38521312, Fax: (07) 32521237, E-mail: qtd@audiotetex.com
'
Perth
Ph: (08) 9228 4222, Fax: (08) 9228 4239, E-mait: audioflx@muttitine.com.au
Auckland
Ph: (09) 4159426, Fax: (09) 415 9854, E-mait: audioflx@nznet.gen.nz
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