Merlin 1030 User manual

Merlin 1030 User manual

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Copyright © 2003 John L. Shelton; all rights reserved. This document may not be reproduced without permission, though small quotations for review purposes may be used without permission.

The trademarks Merlin, Spirit, and Partner are owned by Avaya, the successor to AT&T & Lucent.

Please send suggestions for enhancement to [email protected]

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Thanks to Ethan O’Toole for edit suggestions and additional details

(2003.June)

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1 INTRODUCTION..................................................................................................... 1

1.1 W

HY THIS WAS WRITTEN

..................................................................................... 1

1.2 T

HE

M

ERLIN CONCEPT

......................................................................................... 1

1.3 T

HE MANUFACTURERS

......................................................................................... 2

1.4 P

REDECESSORS TO THE

M

ERLIN SYSTEMS

............................................................ 3

1.5 A

VAILABLE

D

OCUMENTATION

............................................................................. 5

2 COMPARISON AT A GLANCE: THE MERLIN SYSTEMS ............................ 6

3 THE ANALOG/HYBRID (CLASSIC) SYSTEMS................................................ 7

3.1 M

ERLIN

206......................................................................................................... 7

3.2 M

ERLIN

410......................................................................................................... 7

3.3 M

ERLIN

820......................................................................................................... 8

3.4 F

EATURE

M

ODULES FOR THE SMALLER SYSTEMS

(206, 410, 820) ....................... 8

3.5 M

ERLIN

1030....................................................................................................... 9

3.6 M

ERLIN

3070....................................................................................................... 9

3.7 E

XPANSION

P

ARTS

& F

EATURE

M

ODULES FOR

1070 & 3070 ............................ 10

3.8 M

ERLIN

P

LUS

(820D) ........................................................................................ 11

4 DIGITAL SYSTEMS.............................................................................................. 13

4.1 M

ERLIN

II .......................................................................................................... 13

4.2 M

ERLIN

L

EGEND

................................................................................................ 22

4.3 M

ERLIN

M

AGIX

................................................................................................. 27

4.4 M

ERLIN

M

AGIX SOFTWARE RELEASES

............................................................... 28

5 THE PHONES......................................................................................................... 31

5.1 C

OMPARISON AT A GLANCE

............................................................................... 31

5.2 S

INGLE LINE TELEPHONES

.................................................................................. 31

5.3 A

NALOG

/H

YBRID PHONES

(ATL) ...................................................................... 33

5.4 E

ARLY

D

IGITAL

P

HONES

.................................................................................... 47

5.5 MLX D

IGITAL PHONES

...................................................................................... 48

5.6 ETR D

IGITAL

P

HONES

....................................................................................... 56

5.7 M

ERLIN

M

AGIX

(TDL)

PHONES

......................................................................... 56

6 THE WIRING ......................................................................................................... 59

6.1 S

TATION

W

IRING

............................................................................................... 59

6.2 L

INE

W

IRING

..................................................................................................... 60

6.3 O

THER

W

IRING

.................................................................................................. 60

6.4 G

ROUND WIRING

................................................................................................ 60

6.5 O

THER WIRING ADAPTERS

.................................................................................. 61

6.6 M

USIC ON

H

OLD

................................................................................................ 62

7 MAINTENANCE.................................................................................................... 66

7.1 P

ROLONGING EQUIPMENT LIFE

........................................................................... 66

%

$

7.2 M

INOR REFURBISHMENT OF TELEPHONES

.......................................................... 66

%

$

. * / ' - #

F

IG

.

1. AT&T 1A2 K

EY SYSTEM TELEPHONE

(565) ........................................................ 4

F

IG

.

2. AT&T C

OM

K

EY SYSTEM

..................................................................................... 5

F

IG

.

3. C

OMPARISON CHART

, M

ERLIN SYSTEMS

.............................................................. 6

F

IG

.

4. I

LLUSTRATION OF

M

ERLIN

206, 410

CONTROL UNITS

.......................................... 8

F

IG

.

5. M

ERLIN

820

CONTROL UNIT WITH ONE PHONE CONNECTED

................................. 8

F

IG

.

6. M

ERLIN

1030 C

ONTROL

U

NIT

.............................................................................. 9

F

IG

.

7. M

ERLIN

3070

CONTROL UNIT

,

EXPLODED

.......................................................... 10

F

IG

.

8. M

ERLIN

P

LUS

C

ONTROL

U

NIT

........................................................................... 11

F

IG

.

9. M

ERLIN

P

LUS

,

FULLY POPULATED

,

REVEALING

MOH ....................................... 12

F

IG

.

10. M

ERLIN

II

SYSTEM

......................................................................................... 13

F

IG

.

11. M

ERLIN

II

CARDS

........................................................................................... 14

F

IG

.

12. M

ERLIN

II

BASIC AND EXPANSION CARRIER

................................................... 15

F

IG

.

13. M

ERLIN

II

AND

M

ERLIN

L

EGEND CIRCUIT CARDS

.......................................... 15

F

IG

.

14. L

EGEND

S

OFTWARE

R

ELEASES

...................................................................... 22

F

IG

.

15. M

AGIX CIRCUIT CARDS

.................................................................................. 27

F

IG

.

16. AT&T 7101

SINGLE LINE PHONE

................................................................... 33

F

IG

.

17. O

RIGINAL

“C

LASSIC

” M

ERLIN

P

HONES

......................................................... 34

F

IG

.

18. F

IXED METAL STAND FOR

5, 10,

AND

22

BUTTON SETS

(

SHOWN UNDERNEATH A

5

BUTTON SET

) ........................................................................................................... 36

F

IG

.

19. A

DJUSTABLE METAL STAND FOR

10

BUTTON SETS SHOWN ON BOTTOM OF

TELEPHONE

................................................................................................................ 36

F

IG

.

20. A

DJUSTABLE METAL STAND FOR

34

BUTTON SETS SHOWN WITHOUT

TELEPHONE

................................................................................................................ 37

F

IG

.

21. C

OMPARISON

C

HART

, M

ERLIN

A

NALOG

P

HONES

.......................................... 38

F

IG

.

22. M

ERLIN

PFC P

HONE

F

AX

C

OPIER

.................................................................. 44

F

IG

.

23. A

NALOG

/H

YBRID PHONE ACCESSORIES

......................................................... 45

F

IG

.

24. I

LLUSTRATION OF

7406D

SERIES PHONE

........................................................ 48

F

IG

.

25. MLX

SERIES PHONES

..................................................................................... 50

F

IG

.

26. MLX-20L

CONSOLE WITH

D

IRECT

S

TATION

S

ELECTION

............................... 53

F

IG

.

27. L

EGEND

DSS

UNIT

......................................................................................... 55

F

IG

.

28. M

ERLIN

M

AGIX

(TDL)

TELEPHONES

............................................................. 57

F

IG

.

29. 8-

WIRE COLOR CODES

: M

ERLIN

& E

THERNET

................................................ 59

F

IG

.

30. E

XAMPLE GROUNDING

................................................................................... 61

F

IG

.

31. R

ADIO

S

HACK

42-2434

TO CONNECT

MOH

TO CLASSIC SYSTEMS

................. 63

F

IG

.

32. R

ADIO

S

HACK

42-2461

TO CONNECT

MOH

TO

M

ERLIN

P

LUS

(820D)........... 63

F

IG

.

33. S

CHEMATIC FOR MUSIC

-

ON

-

HOLD CONNECTION TO

M

ERLIN

II

OR

L

EGEND

... 64

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I am a telephone hobbyist. My professional work is not related to telephone installation. In my spare time, I have tinkered with telephones for the last 40 years.

In the early 1980s, AT&T developed what would become one of its most popular small business products, the Merlin series of telephone systems. Over the years, millions of pieces of equipment were built and installed, and many are still out there today. There is an active market in buying/selling used

Merlin equipment. Because older models are not now manufactured, there is a dearth of information available to hobbyists.

Avaya, successor to AT&T, makes a current line of equipment, the Merlin

Magix, which is extremely capable, and suitable for modern office telecom applications. By no means should this document dissuade anyone from considering a Magix system.

Should you be interested in understanding the older systems, read further here.

It is not the intention of this guide to replace the documentation originally written for Merlin systems. If you want to know how to install and program these systems, find the documentation elsewhere (see “Available

Documentation,” on page 5.)

This guide will help you understand the different models of phones and systems, and compare them. It may also include obscure technical documentation not easily found elsewhere. I encourage those with additional knowledge to send me updates.

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The Merlin system has been one of the most successful of AT&T’s telephone products for small businesses. The systems have a nearly 20-year history, and support from 2 to 200 users with enough features to be considered a small

PBX (for larger Merlin systems). AT&T originally dovetailed the Merlin series with its smaller electronic PBXs (the System 25). Phones for the larger

PBX (System 75) used different technology, but the same sleek style.

In contrast to earlier systems, AT&T designed the Merlin series for:

Feature plentiful operation

End-user programmability

Ease of installation (including installation by non Bell personnel)

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Low maintenance (electronic replacement of mechanical parts; LED replacement of incandescent lights)

Sale to end users (as opposed the Bell System’s previous policy of leasing equipment.)

AT&T continued its achievements in high reliability. Merlin systems were designed for many years of service, in contrast to many other electronic key systems from the 1980s. Consequently, Merlin systems were more expensive than the low-cost import units flooding the market then.

AT&T, via its Bell Labs unit, invested considerably in Human Factors

Engineering, making these phones easy to learn and easy to use.

Remarkably, phones built in the early 1980s are still compatible with systems built in the early 2000s.

Unlike the earlier 1A2 key system, other manufacturers never copied the design. (1A2 key systems, described below, were copied part-for-part by a half-dozen manufacturers.)

Smaller Merlin models were pure Key systems; standard phones had direct access to one or more “outside” telephone lines. If two phones shared the same outside lines, then users at those phones could talk simultaneously to an outside party by selecting the same line button. A call could be placed on

“hold” at one phone, and retrieved at another phone (with the same line button.)

Larger systems (1030, 3070, Merlin II, Legend, and Magix) also offer Pooled

(or PBX) operation, where users typically do not access an individual line, but instead request an available line from a pool of similar lines. In a larger office, it typically doesn’t matter to the user which outside line is selected, they all work the same way. A call placed on hold in a pooled system can only be retrieved at the original phone. But a call could be parked, and retrieved from elsewhere via dialing a special code. Calls can be transferred to another extension. Pooled mode operation still allows individual lines to be assigned directly to one or more phones instead of participating in a pool.

Merlin II and succeeding phone systems also support a “behind PBX” mode, designed for use in large offices with a PBX.

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Throughout this document, we typically say “AT&T,” but Merlin systems have been manufactured by AT&T and its successors, as described below.

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After the breakup of the Bell System, AT&T Technologies, a part of AT&T, manufactured electronic telephone systems. The Western Electric name was retired. Merlin was originally engineered, built, and sold by AT&T. The

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$ names “AT&T” and “AT&T Technologies” were both used on Merlin equipment.

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In 1997, AT&T spun off Lucent, all the manufacturing divisions of AT&T.

AT&T wanted to be able to buy equipment from other manufacturers, and the

Lucent folks wanted to be able to sell more widely (including AT&T competitors.)

Lucent continued the Merlin line of equipment. Many models of AT&T equipment were simply re-branded Lucent; later, Lucent introduced new models. For many years, Lucent made older equipment as replacement/expansion units for existing customers, but did not actively market the older units to new customers.

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Avaya is a new company, with a heritage dating back to Alexander

Graham Bell and AT&T. Avaya grew up in the Bell system. Over the decades, the core of what is now Avaya became AT&T's Global

Business Communication Systems group. The next evolution came in

1996, when Avaya was part of the systems and technology business that was spun off from AT&T as Lucent Technologies. Four years later, Avaya was finally set to launch when the enterprise networking part of Lucent was spun off. The move allowed Avaya to singularly focus on the needs of enterprise customers. Avaya separated from

Lucent on Sept. 30, 2000 and began operating as an independent company.

1

Avaya continues to make available certain older Merlin parts; large customers, like the US Government, continue to buy classic system components and telephones.

More importantly, Avaya continues the Merlin Magix system.

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The old “Bell System” (AT&T, Western Electric, etc.) provided multi-line phone systems to users from the 1930s through the 1970s. These could be classified into:

Private Branch Exchanges (PBXs), starting with traditional operator cordboards and advancing quickly to automatic exchanges; these served 100 –

10,000 phones

Key systems, managing a group of telephone lines across a group of users, typically serving 5 – 100 users. Each user has access to a selection of

1

From Avaya’s corporate web site.

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$ outside lines (or, installed “behind” a PBX, access to a selection of PBX lines.

The Merlin systems below can serve as Key Systems or small PBXs.

The most popular key system was the electromechanical 1A2 key system, built around small circuit cards, one per telephone line. Phones could support from 5 to 30 phone lines. Systems (Key Service Units) supported from 4 lines to hundreds, the larger ones built of racks of 15-line units. In addition to giving users access to designated lines, users could contact each other through manual signaling (press a button, and a buzzer somewhere else buzzed), or through intercoms (dial a number on an intercom line, and another user’s phone buzzed.) A given intercom circuit generally supported only 10 dial-able extensions, so was not terribly useful in larger offices, but since in larger offices the key systems were often used behind PBXs, a user could just dial the extension of the other user on a regular line.

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In the 1970s, AT&T introduced the ComKey system (an update to the 1A2 system with a few more features) and the Horizon system, about which I know very little.

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Concurrent with the Merlin systems, AT&T introduced Spirit, for very small systems, and Partner, for medium sized systems. Neither was as flexible or expandable as Merlin. The Spirit system had some design defect which caused AT&T to cease manufacture in a short time, and was the basis of a class action lawsuit. AT&T settled with discount coupons for maintenance or additional parts. The Partner system continued to present-day, and has replaced smaller Merlin systems.

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Avaya has kindly posted many old manuals on their web site in PDF format.

Look at http://support.Avaya.com for their Product Documentation section.

Some information can be found in old AT&T manuals and by cruising public web auctions.

The Web forum “Tek-Tips” has a channel devoted to Merlin phone systems; start at www.tek-tips.com. Send them some money to keep the web site alive.

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Here in a single chart are all the Merlin systems compared side-by-side. This is not intended to be comprehensive: read the detailed descriptions that follow.

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30!

Small

Small

Analog

Analog

ATL

ATL

2 x 6

4 x 10

Few, but expandable

Few, but expandable

Few, but expandable

2 ! &

2 !

/

Small

0! "!

Large

"! =!

Large

Small

Analog

Analog

Analog

Analog

ATL

ATL

ATL

ATL

2 x 5 minimum

8 x 20 max

5 x 10 min

10 x 30 max

5 x 10 min

30 x 70 max

4 x 10 min

8 x 20 max

4 x 8 min

56 x 120 max

2

Moderate, expandable

Moderate, expandable

Rich with small system features

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44 Large

Large

Large

Digital

Digital

Digital

ATL

Also singleline, digital

MLX

Also ATL,

MTR, singleline

TDL digital

Also, MLX, single-line

4 x 8 min

80 x 200 max

3

80 x 200 max

Rich with large system features

Very rich with large system features

Extremely rich

In general, the small systems are easier to install and administer, and are more suitable for Small Office/Home Offices. The Large systems have many additional features designed for bigger groups of people.

2

It may not be possible to reach all lines and all stations simultaneously, depending on configuration of cards, types of telephone, etc.

3

It may not be possible to reach all lines and all stations simultaneously, depending on configuration of cards, types of telephone, etc.

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All the systems in this section supported the Merlin analog/hybrid phones

(see section 5.2, “Single line telephones,” page 31. These were the original systems, introduced in the early 1980s.

All the analog systems share the internal analog technology; connecting any voice circuit (between telephones and/or phone lines) is done via ordinary analog circuitry. Each system had a maximum capacity for these connections, in some cases it was smaller than the system size might imply. For example, on the Merlin 820D, it would not be possible to have 5 different intercom conversations between internal users simultaneously.

All the analog systems support only one kind of telephone line: the traditional

Loop Start (LS) line, commonly found in homes and small businesses. The loop start line is so-called because operating the telephone causes an electrical loop to be closed, telling the Central Office to provide dial tone.

Medium and Large businesses often use Ground Start lines (or more advanced digital lines) because they provide a more reliable way for the central office and the customer equipment to work together. Ground Start support is only available on the digital Merlin systems.

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First generation, small table-top unit (could be wall mounted) supporting 2

POTS

4

lines and 6 analog/hybrid phones. Up to three feature cartridges could be installed to give additional capabilities.

System programming is done from the “main” telephone, the one plugged into the first jack.

" 30!

Essentially the same as the 206, but supporting 4 phone lines and 10 stations.

4

POTS = Plain Old Telephone Service, standard lines such as are found in a residence or small office. The phone company refers to these as Loop Start lines.

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Similar to the 410, but designed to be expandable; the unit supported up to 4 modules, each of which supported 2 phone lines and 5 terminals.

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The basic smaller systems came with remarkably few features. In order to do things like Conference Calling and Automatic Dialing, one had to add one of the two feature packs.

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– adds features: on-hook dialing; call transfer; hold reminder; group listening; prevents outbound calls on individual phones; privacy; automatic outside and intercom dialing; last number redial; auto line selection; do not disturb; and ringing options

+

– Includes all the features of Feature Pack 1, plus personal and system 3 digit speed dial; custom ringing; call pickup; group paging; message waiting; outward toll restrictions; transfer return; voice signaling disable; and per phone customizing capabilities

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: support for paging, music on hold

- ) 444 , *

: power fail cutover, extra alert

All of these capabilities were built into the Merlin Plus later on.

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Similar technology to the 206-820 series, but designed for larger capacity, more features, and improved expandability. The control unit housed a number of modules: processor, power supply, line cards (5 lines each), station cards (10 stations each), and various feature cards. Supported Square or Pooled mode operation. They also supported automatic route selection

(ARS), allowing the control unit to choose the right kind of trunk lines for each outgoing call.

System programming is done from the main telephone. It helps to have a phone with as many programmable buttons as there are phones in the system.

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Similar to the 1030, but increased expandability through an expansion chassis.

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– to power single-line (T/R) phones

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– if system is full of cards and phones

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– provides the programming; successive versions added more features.

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– Provides the following features:

Auto answer

Line pickup

Centralized voice terminal programming

Automatic route selection

Transfer return

.

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– Provides the following features:

Automatic route selection: Outgoing calls automatically follow the least expensive available route you specify

Group call distribution: Internal and external calls go directly to the number or group of numbers dialed

One-touch intercom, paging, call coverage

Privacy, bridging, do not disturb, on-hook dialing

3 enhanced night service features

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All telephone lines can appear on all telephone sets, up to 30

34 button BIS or existing 34 button deluxe set can be used as an attendant console in small configurations

/

– optional, aids in finding problems

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– optional for logging calls to a printer

,

– supports Music on Hold, 3-zone Paging, supplemental alert

,

– supports 4 loop-start phone lines

,

– supports 10 ATL (hybrid) phones

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– supports 10 standard tip/ring telephones

" 2 / 2 ! &

This was a second generation, feature-heavy replacement for the 206, 410, and 820 systems; the unit started with 4 lines and 10 stations, and could be expanded with an addition 4 lines and/or 10 stations to a maximum capacity of 8x20. No additional feature modules were necessary; it included nearly everything.

A few years later, AT&T came out with a second release (R2), which added a few other powerful features including

Remote System Access (dial into the system with a password, then be able to dial out)

automatic system answering (where the system would answer and prompt the user to enter an extension)

busy buster, where the unit could be asked to re-dial calls until they answer. This feature did not appear again on later systems.

The illustration below shows a control unit with only one line and one station card installed:

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In the second illustration below, installation of a card is shown, as well as the open upper area where Music On Hold (MOH) and paging ports are located.

/ : / ) ) / , : * >

I believe this was the only control unit to provide full support for two analog voice channels to each phone. See Section 5.2, “Single line telephones,” page 31. Unfortunately, manufacture was discontinued in the 1990s; one supposes that new customers were moved to the Partner system or upsold to

Merlin Legend.

While pooled mode operation was not offered with this system, it was available in a very limited way. Single-line analog phones could be connected via a Basic Telephone and Modem Interface (BTMI). The analog phone could then dial an extension (by two-digit code), or dial 9 to access the next available line, or dial 881-889 to access a specific line.

Merlin Plus supported Station Message Detail Recording (SMDR), designed to drive a serial printer, printing a log of each phone call. The SMDR could also be asked to print out the current system configuration. SMDR used one station port, and required a special adaptor box. Nearly any ASCII serial printer could be configured to work with SMDR.

Music on hold was provided via a dedicated audio input jack.

Loudspeaker paging was provided via a dedicated port on the processor. The music-on-hold music source could be routed to the loudspeaker (for background music) under system control.

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The digital systems bring a wealth of advantages to Merlin, in the areas of capacity, features, and quality. Analog Merlin systems, for example, could make conference calls by bridging together two telephone lines, but the remote parties never received good sound quality.

All the digital Merlin systems support both Loop Start (LS) and Ground Start

(GS) telephone lines; digital trunks are supported in varying degrees. This support allows “tighter integration” with the central office, making certain features work more reliably.

3 0 44

This was a second generation, feature-heavy replacement for the 1030 and

3070 units. It was built with a modular chassis approach, allowing the installation of various modules to suit the user’s needs. Each chassis held one power supply and 6 cards; up to two chassis could be connected to support a total of 12 cards. The main chassis requires a processor card. A blank card could be used on the right side of a chassis to give support to the front cover if not enough cards were installed.

System programming is done from the main telephone, preferably a Merlin II

System Display Console (which gives detailed menu prompts on an LCD screen), but can also be done on the BIS-34D or SP-34D phones, though with more difficulty.

. * 0!

44

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Merlin II initiated as an AT&T product in 1989.

Despite the fact that only a few digital phones were sold, this system was designed from the ground up to be digital. The backplane supported digital communication between all cards, and all phone conversations were

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. * 00 converted to digital on each card. (Yet the typical phone was the

Analog/Hybrid phone.)

Cards were about 1 inch thick, 18 inches tall, and 10 inches deep; each card contained a plastic shell and internal circuit cards. The plastic shell provided physical protection, and helped with cooling the electronics within by providing a “chimney effect.” As a result of the large plastic enclosures,

Merlin II systems were substantially larger than comparable earlier systems.

Sample cards are shown below, as are a pair of carriers which held the cards.

44 ,

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The table below shows a complete listing of cards available for the Merlin II and Merlin Legend series (since the Legend could re-use most Merlin II cards.)

Most of the circuit cards have a part number beginning “517”. A letter code follows, indicating the generation (higher letters indicate later versions or generations), and a numeric part number. For example, 517C13, an 012 card, replaced the 517B13 card. Where possible, I have listed known part numbers.

44 , * , / ,

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Original

Power Supply

391A, 391AA,

391A1,

391A2, 391B1

Upgraded power supply

391A3 or

391B2

391C1

Merlin II processor card

517A7

& )

D /

Any

/

Supported most cards, but had limited power capacity, and in fully loaded systems required an adjunct (external) power supply for assistance. A ringing generator could be added to support the

012 (T/R) card.

B-series power supplies used 220V input.

Supplies 54 “unit loads”

Supplied more power than the original, allowing a system to be fully loaded without adjunct power supply. Provided test ports to check voltage levels. A ringing generator could be added to support the 012 (T/R) card.

A3 supplies 75 “unit loads”

C1 provides 96 “unit loads”

Provides the compute power for the system, and included a replaceable feature module allowing upgrades. Supported Feature Modules FM1 and

FM2.

FM2 feature module has part number 517D6

Any

Merlin II R1 – R2.

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( ,

Merlin II R3 processor

517C7

Legend original processor

517A27

& )

Upgraded processor with 3 rd

generation features

FM3 module is part number 517G6

Used pluggable Feature Module for software upgrades. (FM 2 shown below, circuit side out.)

/

D /

Merlin II R3

Legend R1 – R2

Legend CKE3

Processor –

517B33

517C33

Legend

Release 7

CKE4

Processor

FM 2 was part number 517E25, 517G25, 517J25

The Release 3.0 processor module contains a

PCMCIA memory card interface capable of accommodating a single card.

White cards, called “Translation” cards, store a backup image of the programming; the Legend can be set to automatically backup programming, or you can do it manually.

Red cards, called “Forced Upgrade” are used to upgrade the firmware.

While software release 7.0 can be installed on this processor, it has some limitations due to the processor memory.

Newer processor for Legend system, can also support Merlin Magix.

Distinguished by the label “Equipped with

CKE4”

Legend R3-R7

Legend R7

01021 ! ! 3 07

, , # +

$

( ,

Blank Card

007 MLM

Merlin Legend

Mail

008 (ATL)

517A3

517B3

008D

& )

Used to fill out a non-full chassis

Capacity: 7 internal, system-defined T/R jacks; 2

TTRs; internal remote maintenance device; serial port for PC connection.

5

Supports: MERLIN LEGEND Mail Voice

Messaging System; resides on this module and the internal T/R jacks can be used only for this application

The system software recognizes the MERLIN

LEGEND Mail VMS module as an 012 (T/R) module. Even though the module has a maximum of 7 T/R internal ports, including the modem jack, it uses 12 ports of capacity in any of its three configurations. supported 8 analog/hybrid (ATL) phones

D /

Any

/

Legend R1

Unsupported in

Magix

008 MLX

517A21

517B21

517B21B supported digital phones, but limited selection

8 digital extension jacks for MLX phones, each with 1 or 2 extensions (each extension is assigned an individual extension number)

Supports: MLX extensions, including:

MLX voice only

MLX voice with Voice Announce to Busy

MLX voice and Multi-Function Module (MFM) with T/R adjunct

MLX voice and MFM with Supplemental Station

Adapter (SSA)

ISDN terminal adapter only

Access device for data communications between a

PC on the system and a high-speed Internet connection, connection to remote node LAN access server, or ISDN router2

Computer Telephony Integration (CTI) link3

Videoconferencing systems using one jack and 2B data feature or 2 jacks with ISDN terminal adapters (depending on video system)

All Merlin II, not supported in Legend

Legend 1

5

Several of the descriptions here are from AT&T/Lucent Merlin manuals.

01021 ! ! 3 0=

, , # +

01021 ! ! 3

$

( ,

008 OPT

012 (T/R)

517A13

517B13

517C13

517D13

517E13

517F13

012 with ring generator

517G13

517H13

& ) /

D / up to 8 single-line (POTS) telephones, in or out of building. (OPT = Off Premise Telephone)

The system software recognizes the OPT module as an 012 (T/R) module. Even though the OPT module has only 8 jacks, it uses 12 ports of capacity, thereby decreasing overall extension capacity by 4 extensions for every OPT module.

Capacity: 12 T/R extensions on 2-way voice transmission path with support for telephones with message-waiting lights, 2 TTRs

Supports: Single-line telephones; Intuity

AUDIX®; Messaging 2000; T/R adjuncts (such as answering or fax machine); analog data devices

(such as modems)

Requires power supply with Ring Generator installed

Several optional applications, if used with the system, require a basic jack on a 012 module:

MERLIN MAIL Voice Messaging System,

MERLIN Attendant, AUDIX Voice Power — lS

II, and Integrated Voice Power Automated

Attendant — IS Il.

Up to four applications can be connected to the system using the same 012 module. If there are four applications, the module must be used exclusively for this equipment If you have fewer than four applications connected to an 012 module, some tip/ring devices also can be connected. If possible, the module should be used only for the application equipment.

Note: The applications discussed here do not work properly with 012 module manufactured for older MERLIN® II systems. These applications must be connected to 012 modules with the code

517C13 or 517D13 on the label on the top of the module. Modules with the code 517A13 or

517B13 can be used only to connect single-line telephones and do not provide the disconnect signal required by answering machines and applications.

Same as 012, but has internal ring generator

Merlin II any release

Merlin II any release

02

, , # +

01021 ! ! 3

$

( ,

016 (T/R)

016 ETR

016 MLX

100D (DS1)

517A15

517B15

517C15

517E15

517M15

100R INA

400 LS

517A2

517B2

400 LS with 4

TTRs

517A12

517B12

& )

Capacity: 16 T/R extensions on 2-way voice transmission path with support for telephones with message-waiting lights, 4 TTRs

Supports: Single-line telephones; Intuity

AUDIX®; Messaging 2000; T/R adjuncts (such as answering or fax machine); analog data devices

(such as modems)

Includes built-in ring generator

Capacity: 16 ETR station ports including 6 with

T/R functionality and 4 TTRs. First 10 ports are

ETR ports only; remaining 6 ports can support either T/R or ETR, but not both simultaneously.

Supports: MLS, ETR, Business Cordless 905, and

TransTalk MDC and MDW telephones; and any

T/R device.

Like the 008 MLX, but 16 ports.

Capacity: 24 channels (“virtual” lines/trunks) for voice and analog data or for digital data only

(T1); or 23 B-channels for voice and data, and 1 channel used for signaling (PRI).

Supports private networking in Release 6.0 and later systems, Hybrid/PBX mode only.

Supports: T1 emulates 24 lines/trunks: loop-start, ground-start, tie, and Direct Inward Dial (DID;

Hybrid/PBX mode only); can also supply subscriber services. In Release 4.0 and later, T1 can also provide high-speed (56K) data communications and digitally emulated tie trunks for data communications. PRI supports subscriber services, allows high-speed digital data communications, and includes special features.

For Release 7.0 and later systems, Common

Channel Signaling (CCS) is not an option for T1.

T1 voices & Data provided 4 incoming telephone lines; one power fail phone. LS = Loop Start, the standard for residential and small business provided 4 incoming telephone lines; one power fail phone. LS = Loop Start, the standard for residential and small business. Includes 4 touchtone receivers

/

D /

Legend R4

Legend R7

Legend R7

Legend R1

Magix 1 or later

Unsupported in

Magix

Unsupported in

Magix

0?

, , # +

$

( , & )

D /

/

400 EM

517A14

400

GS/LS/TTR

517A18

517B18

517C18

517D18

408 (LS ATL)

517A1

517B1

517C1

517D1

408 GS/LS

517A26

517B26

517C26

517D26

408 GS/LS-

MLX

517A29

408 GS/LS-

ID-MLX

4 tie line trunks (E&M type) supported 4 incoming lines, either ground-start or loop-start, and includes 4 touch-tone receivers; 1 power fail phone combination of 400 and 008 cards

4 incoming lines (Ground start or Loop start) and

8 ATL phones

4 incoming lines and 8 MLX phones

Unsupported in

Magix

Unsupported in

Magix

Legend R1

Adds Caller ID capability to the 408 GS/LS-MLX Legend R2 to recognize card; R7 to use Caller ID

01021 ! ! 3 !

, , # +

$

01021 ! ! 3

( , & ) /

D /

Legend R7 412 LS-ID-

ETR

800 NI-BRI

517A32??

Capacity: 4 LS trunks with Caller ID and 2 TTRs plus 12 ETR station ports, including 4 with T/R functionality. First 8 ports are ETR only; remaining 4 ports can support either T/R or ETR, but not both simultaneously.

Supports: MLS, ETR, Business Cordless 905, and

TransTalk MDC and MDW telephones; and any

T/R device. In the event of a power failure, port

12 becomes the PFT port for line 1. If the port is programmed for ETR, a single-line telephone must be plugged into the port. Caller ID, if you subscribe to caller identification from the local telephone company, displays the telephone number of incoming callers on supported display telephones.

Capacity: 8 BRI facilities, each with 2 B-channels

(“virtual” lines) for voice and data and 1 channel used for signaling

Supports: Voice, data, video, and other services at

64 kbps over standard ISDN lines/trunks

800 (LS)

517A4

517B4

800 DID

517C20

800 GS/LS

517A19

517B19

517C19

8 analog incoming lines; two power fail phones

8 analog incoming lines with Direct Inward

Dialing (DID) information to allow direct connection to extensions

8 analog incoming lines, loop or ground start; two power fail phones

800 GS/LS-ID Capacity: 8 ground-start and/or loop-start lines/trunks; 2 TTRs

Supports: 2 PFT telephones; Caller ID (loop-start trunks only), if you subscribe to caller identification from the local telephone company, displays the number of incoming callers, and in

R7.0 and later, the name of incoming callers as well, on MLX, MLS, and ETR display telephones

Legend R4

Unsupported in

Magix

Merlin II any release

Legend R1

Legend R3

Line cards that support Loop Start or Ground Start lines typically have one or two Power Fail ports. These are jacks connected to the first (or first and fifth) lines on the card, providing access to dial tone when the system is powered down. Users might plug in an emergency telephone.

0

, , # +

$

3 * ,

Legend was an extension of the Merlin II, using a new processor, and requiring at least one digital phone as the console. In addition to supporting many new digital phones (MLX phones,) Legend had more features, increased system capacity, and support for voice mail, T1 trunks, and ISDN.

Almost all the Merlin II line and station cards can be recycled into Merlin

Legend systems.

Merlin Legend systems are packaged similarly to the Merlin II, but support up to three carriers instead of two.

System programming can be done from either an MLX-20L operator console, or from a PC running the WinSPM software. Using WinSPM, it is possible to configure a system with no MLX phones.

Legend initiated as an AT&T product in 1991.

The standard digital phones (MLX) use an ISDN protocol: 2B+D (two basicrate digital channels of 64 kilobit/sec, plus one data/signaling channel (16 kilobit/sec). Legend also supports some other digital sets, including Partner phones.

See the table above in “Merlin II,” for a listing of the cards that work in the

Legend system.

Later versions of the processor card included a PCMCIA slot. Backup memory cards could store a backup copy of the system programming.

Upgrade cards allowed upgrading the system software (or software for some newer modules.)

3 0 * ,

The Legend system had 7 major releases, and a few minor releases. They are summarized here.

. * 03 * ,

* , /

1.0

1.1

1992.Oct

Original Merlin Legend release

Adds French/Spanish language selection

Phones available with buttons in French or Spanish

Minor improvements in programming/maintenance

Better usability; prompting on display phones

> ,

/ ) ) ,

Original Legend processor

Original Legend processor

01021 ! ! 3

, , # +

$

* ,

2.0

1992.Oct

2.1

1994.Aug

/

Copy extension feature

Integrated Solution III for programming of Legend & Audix

Finer granularity of Forced Idle to minimize disruption during maintenance

Substantial usability enhancements particularly to support voice mail

Enhancements to display prompts

Support for DID over T1 facility

New Fax Attendant System™ supports send/receive of faxes, running on the IS III platform.

Support for new 408 GS/LS-MLX module

Improved PRI support

Improved maintenance with lots more error logging

Usability enhancements

Improved SMDR logging for PRI based calls

New 012 card (rev 517G13 or higher) includes built-in ring generator.

New 008 OPT card with built in ring generator

Support of PRI connectivity to Definity systems

New MLX-10DP telephones with extra jack to connect to

PassageWay solution on PCs.

Several new software packages for management, including

HackerTracker, Merlin Identifier.

Several new adjuncts including Magic on Hold, Off Premises

Range Extender, others.

> ,

/ ) ) ,

Original Legend processor with FM2 programming module

Original processor with

FM2 card

01021 ! ! 3 "

, , # +

$

* ,

3.0

1994.Aug

3.1

1996.Mar

4.0

1996.Mar

/ > ,

/ ) ) ,

Release 3 processor New processor, “Release 3” with integrated modem, PCMCIA card, 4mb Flash ROM, 1.5mb battery-backed RAM, and error status display. Sometimes called “CKE3” processor.

800 GS/LS-ID line/trunk module supporting Caller ID

Support for many more single-line phones including some videophones.

Support for MDC 9000, MDW 9000 six-line cordless, wireless phones.

Remote maintenance/programming by modem

Built-in backup to PCMCIA card, and automatic scheduling

Direct voice mail access

Miscellaneous enhancements

New PagePal for connecting paging systems

Major security enhancements to prevent fraud, hacking.

Expanded dial plan allowing up to 200 t/r devices

Support for National ISDN BRI service

New 800 NI-BRI module

New 016 tip/ring module

Support for T1 switched 56 digital data

Miscellaneous enhancements

Minor enhancements

Release 3 processor

Release 3 processor

Release 3 processor 4.1

1997.Jun

4.2

1997.Jun

Release 3 processor

5.0

1997.Jun

6.0

1998.Feb

Many minor enhancements

Improved SMDR support and new Merlin Legend Reporter application

New CTI allows telephony applications to control and monitor

MLX and ATL phone operations

Hotline feature

Group calling enhancements

Support for new MLX-5, MLX-5D phones.

Support for private networks, with unified dial plan to allow remote calls to appear local

Significant Group calling enhancements

Centrex Transfer via remote call forwarding

Improvements in authorization codes

Release 3 processor

Release 3 processor

01021 ! ! 3 3

, , # +

$

* , /

6.1

1998.Aug

7.0

1999.Apr

Enhanced private networking

Service observing, allowing one extension to observe call at another extension

Introduction of WinSPM

Increased to 200 the maximum MLX digital stations; by using

MFM adjuncts, now supports total 400 station endpoints.

Support for MLS and Enhanced Tip/Ring (ETR) phones –

Partner phones, allowing a migration path. New 412 LS-ID-

ETR and 016 ETR module.

New CKE4 processor required for full support of some new features.

New 016 MLX module, supported with only CKE4 processor.

Voice Announce on Idle Only option for MLX phones

Priority Call Queuing

Caller ID with Name – allows display phones to show Name or number by pressing a button.

Improved MLX headset operation

Choice of rotary or touch-tone signaling on a per-port basis for

T/R ports.

Abandoned call information reported to Merlin Legend

Reporter.

Release 7.0 was the final Legend release.

> ,

/ ) ) ,

Release 3 processor

CKE4 processor

Release 3 processor works with most functionality.

3 * , * * )

Some programming information is not obvious from reading the manual.

Here are some tips.

By default, in Key system mode, Legend assigns two intercom buttons to each phone, one is used when the caller wishes to ring the other party, and the other is used when the caller wishes to speak over the other party’s speaker.

(The buttons are labeled ICOM RING and ICOM VOICE). It is possible to have only one intercom button, freeing up more buttons for lines or features.

You can use Centralized Programming to delete the second ICOM button.

You can also switch the remaining button from RING to VOICE by using feature code *19 or **19.

By default, in Key system mode, Legend selects either a ringing line or idle line to be the line you will access when you lift the handset. If there is no line ringing, you will access idle lines in order from 1 – 8, (starting with the first button above the intercom buttons.) You can change the idle line preference

01021 ! ! 3

, , # +

$ order without re-arranging the buttons, for example, to give priority to a

“personal line” on button 5. Use the Automatic Line Selection feature, feature codes *14 to start button ordering, and **14 when done.

3 " , ,

As documented on Tek-Tips, there are some dial codes that you can enter from an extension while using an intercom line. I don’t have thorough information:

E! !

From MLX phones tests communication, display, and lights

E! "F ) , F / + / #

Performs trunk testing

E! 3

TTR testing

E!

Display system software version

E! 2

Test telephone

3 3 ' 5

SPM (for DOS computers) and WinSPM (for Windows computers) allows remote programming of the Legend system.

The computer can be attached directly to the Legend system with a short cable and adapter (see “Other wiring adapters,” in section 6.5, below,) or can be connected via modem to an internal modem on the processor card.

Avaya offers upgrades to the WinSPM software via their web site; if you have version 2 or greater, you can upgrade to newer versions.

For Legend release 1 – 5, the WinSPM software provides complete emulation of the MLX-20L programming console, but not much more. For Legend releases 6 and 7, the software provides shortcuts that make programming easier.

WinSPM can also perform system backups, eliminating the need for memory cards in the system processor. This is a very handy feature. WinSPM can also perform upgrading of the system programming when the processor is upgraded. One must purchase/install the processor upgrade separately from

WinSPM, then use WinSPM to convert the stored programming information.

WinSPM cannot by itself upgrade a Legend system.

WinSPM has limited performance because of the 1200 or 2400 bps serial communication link.

01021 ! ! 3 7

, , # +

$

3 " * <

Magix was initiated as a Lucent product in 1999, and manufacture continues today by Avaya.

6

This document provides only limited information about Magix; consult

Avaya for current product information.

Magix builds on the Legend foundation, but introduces new packaging and improved features. It also discontinues support for the classic (ATL or

Hybrid) Merlin phones.

The Magix uses a shielded, metal carrier for holding circuit cards. Many of the Legend cards can be installed in the metal carrier. In the Merlin II and

Legend systems, each card is encased in a plastic shell. The Magix system dispenses with the shells; the carrier provides full support for each circuit card. Many of the older Legend cards can be removed from their plastic shell, and some of the Magix cards can be placed in a plastic shell to allow installation in a Legend system.

Magix can also support a mix of metal carriers and plastic (Legend) carriers.

Magix systems support the following phones:

MLX digital phones

4400 series digital phones

ETR (Enhanced Tip/Ring) Partner phones

ETR-34D Telephone

ETR-18/18D Telephones

ETR-6 Telephone

MLS phones

MLS-34D Telephone

MLS-18D Telephone

MLS-12/12D Telephones

MLS-6 Telephone

The following new circuit cards were introduced with Magix:

. * 0 * < / ,

,

617R33, 617T33

617V33-K

- )

CKE5 Processor

& )

Introduced for Magix system, but can be used in

Legend. Normally shipped

6

Actually, as of 2003, Avaya contracts manufacture to Celestica, but continues to design and market Merlin phones. Celestica also manufactures the Partner line.

01021 ! ! 3 =

, , # +

$

,

617A52

617B52

617A58

617B58

617N15A

617S15

617T15

617A59

617N15

617C21

617A54

617E34

617A56

617B35

617G20

617E28

617D14

617B31

617E29

617A49

617B49

617C49

- )

412 TDL LS-ID

024 TDL

100 DCD

100R INA

100D

008 MLX

016 MLX

016 T/R

016 ETR

800 NI-BRI

800 DID

880 OPT

400 E&M

800 GS/LS-ID

408 GS/LS-MLX-ID

Merlin Messaging

& ) in a Magix-style board, but can be put into a clamshell to fit Legend systems.

4 loop start lines and 12

Magix (TDL) stations

23 Magix (TDL) stations

One DS1 circuit (24 channels) configured for either T1 or PRI service; may include CSU/DSU.

8 MLX stations

16 MLX stations

16 single line phones

16 ETR (Enhanced tip/ring)

(Partner) stations

8 DID incoming lines

4 E&M tie lines

8 Loop Start or Ground start lines with caller ID

4 loop start or ground start lines with caller ID; 8 MLX stations

R2 messaging; allows web browser access to voice mail; backup and restore over LAN.

Supports up to 12 ports

3 3 * <

As of 2003, Magix included the following software releases:

01021 ! ! 3 2

, , # +

01021 ! ! 3

$

0 !

0???

0

! ! ! /

!

! ! 0

G /

Original release; substantial features over previous Legend release 7.0

ARS enhancements:

10 and 11-digit dialing

Increase ARS tables from 16 to 24-digits

Wild Card entries in 6-digit table

Allow List enhancements:

Increase entries from 7 to 14-digits

Wildcard entry support in Allow and Disallow lists

Convert files to support upgrade from MERLIN LEGEND® to MERLIN

MAGIX® Integrated System

Automatic Daylight Savings Time updates for system and MERLIN

Messaging R2.0 (or later)

Serviceability enhancements:

Electronic serial number viewing

Automatic configuration of the MERLIN Messaging R2.0 (or later) system

Station Responding Test

Touch-Tone Receiver (TTR) Audit

DS1 Module with Built-In CSU/DSU (100DCD)

TransTalk® 9040 connection to TDL port

WinSPM R4 support

Call Center enhancements:

CTI Link in support of the Avaya's Solution Development Program

Real-Time Monitoring & Analysis plus Intelligent Queue Messages using

TASKE applications

WinSPM R5 support

MERLIN® Messaging R2.5 new feature support:

Caller ID/ANI integration

Display number of new and old messages

Delayed Announcement Service

?

, , # +

$

0

! ! 0 G

! ! /

G /

Call Center enhancements:

Calling group agent in multiple calling groups

Selective login

Selective logout

Auxiliary Work Time

Selective Supervisor mode

Enhanced TSAPI events and services

Caller ID display enhancement:

100D/CSU/DSU maintenance enhancements

WinSPM R6 support

Loudspeaker page with Group Page

Call screening

Hot Dialpad

Remote call forwarding with simultaneous internal alert

Headset displays

CTI link

-

" !

! ! "

01021 ! ! 3 "!

, , # +

$

01021 ! ! 3

-

)

0

(

) *

This quick chart shows basic differences between the different kinds of phones supported in the Merlin series.

(

-

) *

*

# /

*

/

*

;

#

-

/

> # ,

*

, *

H 4 & G * * <

33< <

Analog voice channel, digital signaling

5 – 34 for standard phones,

82 button console

Wide range

Classic

(membrane) phones in 8 colors; newer phones only in black

Most distinctive styling

ISDN all-digital Analog voice line

5 – 28 additional 50button direct station selection

Limited

Black & white

None

Wide range

Dozens of colors from many manufacturers

Improved displays

Digital volume control

Limited access to system features

- &

All digital

6-24 limited

Black & white

Separate handset and headset jacks

2 wire interface

* )

AT&T made no single line phones for the Merlin system, though nearly every Merlin system has had the ability to connect single-line telephones.

Smaller systems allowed this through an accessory device. Merlin II, Legend, and Magix provided support via 012 T/R and 016 T/R cards.

A single line phone is often called “Tip/Ring T/R” because it uses only two wires, the “tip” and “ring” wires. This wiring standard has been in use for over 100 years.

"0

, , # +

$

Single line phones have always been of limited utility in the Merlin systems.

Because of not having the fixed feature buttons and displays, users could access limited features via dial-codes. The cost of adding single line phones was also high for the early, smaller systems. (One reason for the Partner system’s creation was to support single line phones more easily.)

Depending on the way of attachment, single line phones could take advantage of various small features, such as rotary or touch-tone dialing, and a message waiting indicator. Some features available to single-line phones are accessed by doing a “switch hook flash,” depressing the switch hook for about 2/3 of a second. Some single-line phones include a “flash” button to generate the right timing.

.

The AT&T 7101 telephone, designed primarily for System 25 and System 75, shared the same sleek, modern styling with the Hybrid sets described below, but used standard analog signaling. The 7101 featured a Recall button, a

Disconnect button, and a message waiting light. These phones could be used on any ordinary phone line.

AT&T described it as: “The Model 7101A single-line analog voice terminal is about 2-¾ inches wide, 3-½ inches high, and 8-½ inches deep. The set comes equipped with the following:

Handset

Touch-Tone Dial

Message Indicator

Tone Ringer with Volume Control

Two Fixed Feature Buttons

Recall - Used to place a call on hold and to obtain recall dial tone for

Conference, Transfer, and other features accessible by feature access code.

Disconnect - Used to disconnect one call and immediately obtain dial tone for another call.”

01021 ! ! 3 "

, , # +

$

. * 07

- ' - =0! 0

* )

01021 ! ! 3

The phone included a removable metal stand; the stand provided necessary mass to keep the phone from slipping off a table. No angle adjustment is possible; it appears that different angles were available. In order to connect or disconnect the line cord, it is necessary to remove the base. In order to remove the base, it is necessary to remove the handset cord.

Wall mounting no doubt was possible, but unlike the cosmetically similar

ATL phones below, conversion probably required extra parts.

" * 1> # , ) -

These were the first Merlin phones. The term Analog refers to the voice channel; it is a traditional analog voice line, but no signaling is done over this line. We sometimes call these phones “hybrid” because there is a digital control channel that transmits button information from the phone to the control unit, and light and ringing information from the control unit to the phone. The term “ATL” was used for the Merlin II and Merlin Legend systems to distinguish these phones from the newer MLX phones.

""

, , # +

. * 0= * I (

$

J

Of all the Merlin telephones, these original phones were the most elegant.

Merlin introduced a new, smaller handset, and an attractive flat chassis.

Membrane buttons kept the phone surface smooth, and allowed for large labels.

The phones were originally introduced in 5, 10, and 34 button versions.

AT&T describes the signaling channel as “analog multi-line telephone protocol (40 kbps).”

The first set of these phones had a “membrane” panel providing most of the buttons. The membrane phone looked very high-tech, and the smooth wide membrane buttons allowed large space for labeling. But the membranes had a

(relatively) high failure rate, and were later replaced with more normal buttons in the second set.

There are some Merlin-compatible phones built for other AT&T systems that work pretty well. But, as Brian Cox

7

reports:

Merlin phones [installed in Classic systems] voice announce on intercom calls by default. To turn voice announce off for a phone put the switch on the left side of the phone to 'P', then touch the intercom button to turn off the green led, and put the switch back to normal.

The phone will then ring on intercom calls.

The second set of these phones introduced the more reliable buttons and speakerphone capabilities.

7

[email protected] (www.jandjcommunications.com)

01021 ! ! 3 "3

, , # +

$

All of these phones support two voice channels; when the handset is in use on a call, the speaker can carry a second conversation. Not all control units support this feature. Full two-way, dual channel mode was first supported with the HFAI-10 phone (Hands Free Answer on Intercom) when connected to the Merlin Plus system. In this combination, a user could be talking on the handset, and an intercom call could come in via speaker. The user merely covered the handset microphone, and talked back to the phone to answer the intercom call.

Merlin II and Merlin Legend systems require use of two adjacent station jacks to support this second channel.

The built-in speakerphones on these ATL phones use what is called the

“Pressure Zone Effect” to get remarkably good quality. A Pressure Zone

Microphone is mounted approximately

1

/

8

inch above a hard surface, such as a table top. The effect helps cancel noise and echo, and during the 1980s was considered the state of the art for conference room microphones. Merlin speakerphones are rendered nearly useless when placed on a soft surface such as a plush tablecloth or carpet, since the expected sound reflection is muffled.

All the ATL phones were designed for desk or wall mounting by selecting the appropriate base. The available bases were:

Fixed angle metal base, kept the phone at a convenient angle, and provided enough mass to keep the phone from sliding on a desk.

Available in narrow width which worked on the 5, 10, and 22 button phones

01021 ! ! 3 "

, , # +

. * 02

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$

, : 0! : , # / / , # /

Adjustable angle metal base, allowing 3 different angles (the 11A stand.)

Designed for the 10 button sets, but could have been used on the 22 button set.

. * 0?

, /

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01021 ! ! 3 "7

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The wide adjustable metal stand for use with 34 and 70 button sets, shown below:

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Finally, a plastic stand offered either desk or wall mounting via substitution of a small part.

The chart below shows all the Merlin ATL phones, roughly in order of (A) number of programmable buttons, and (B) date of introduction. Unless otherwise noted, all phones have regular buttons and an “Other” jack for plugging in adjunct devices.

01021 ! ! 3 "=

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Smallest phone; Membrane buttons. No “other” adjunct jack.

$ /

5

#

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K

No

(

Black

White

Brown

Gray

Mid Blue

Burgundy

Cinnabar

( C

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AT&T never made an upgraded version of the 5B phone, and discontinued the phone due to its limitations.

Only portable made for the Merlin series. No

“other” adjunct jack.

5 No Black

Misty

Cream

01021 ! ! 3 "2

, , # +

$

G

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Membrane phone

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Unique to offer hands free answer on Intercom

(HFAI) No “other” adjunct jack.

10

$ /

10

#

*

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) +

K

No

HFAI only

(

Black

White

Brown

Gray

Mid Blue

Burgundy

Cinnabar

Black

Misty

Cream

$ 4 C0!

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$ 4 C

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10 Yes Black

Misty

Cream

22 Yes Black

Misty

Cream

01021 ! ! 3 "?

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Adds LCD display to show time, timer, called #

$ /

22

#

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K

Yes

(

Black

"3$

Not all buttons had lights; limited to autodial function. Membrane buttons.

34 No Black

Orange

"3$

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Like 34B, but all buttons had lights. Membrane buttons.

34 No Black

01021 ! ! 3 3!

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Speakerphone version of 34B; had dual lights on only 10 line/feature buttons, and green lights on 2 additional buttons

$ /

34

#

*

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) +

K

Yes

(

Black

C"3&

Like the SP-34, but with a display 34 Yes Black

$ 4 C"3

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34 Yes Black

Misty

Cream

01021 ! ! 3 30

, , # +

$

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(

Adds LCD display to show time, timer, called #, and feedback during system programming

$ /

34

#

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K

Yes

(

Black

. (

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,

Modified BIS-34D with built in Fax/Copier

See illustration below

Adds 36 buttons to the 34B console, but those buttons are not fully programmable. Membrane buttons.

Works as an operator console on 1030, 3070, Merlin

II, and Merlin Legend systems; 30 buttons on the right side provide direct station selection (and busy lamp indication); with 3 shift keys, this console can direct calls to 90 extensions.

Will work as a 34B on other systems.

34

70

Yes

No

Black

Black

White

Brown

Gray

Mid Blue

Burgundy

Cinnabar

Misty

Cream

You can upgrade other 34 button sets to this console by adding the console extension.

01021 ! ! 3 3

, , # +

$

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)

Total 82 programmable buttons, used only as reception/programming console on Merlin II. Can also be used on Legend as an alternate console.

Requires external power supply. The speakerphone is “Monitor only.”

This reception console was also used on System 75; some of the feature buttons had no function on

Merlin systems.

When used for programming the Merlin II, the display provided menu prompting. On the Legend, this phone can be used as an alternate DLC console, but cannot be used for system programming.

The power supply for this phone, required, is about the size of a brick. Other Merlin phones allow an auxiliary power supply, but this one is the only one to require it.

Merlin Receptionist Console

$ /

82

#

*

)

) +

K

No

(

Black

01021 ! ! 3

The Merlin analog phones could also be used on AT&T’s smallest PBX, the

System 25.

The Merlin PFC was an interesting development, a hybrid multi-line phone and fax machine in a reasonably compact package. As can be seen from the illustration below, it is not much bigger than the 34 button phones.

3"

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$

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The PFC used the selected line to send or receive a fax; one could not simultaneously talk and fax.

Most of the phones above were supplied with plastic stands that allowed use on a desk or wall mounting. Available as an option were metal stands, suitable for desk use only, that were stronger and heavier. The metal stand for the 5B and 10B sets is non-adjustable. A non-adjustable stand for the 34B won’t fit newer 34 button sets. An adjustable metal stand was made that fits all the 34 button sets.

" 0 * 1> # , , /

Most of the Analog/Hybrid phones (above) included an Other jack which supported these accessories:

01021 ! ! 3 33

, , # +

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8

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,

$

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With the General Purpose Adapter (GPA) you can connect to your voice terminal

Touch-Tone ( not rotary ) equipment such as manual dial modems, auto dialers, answering machines, and telephone extensions (including cordless telephones).

> ,

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, 9

! $ : ! (

Line selection is done on the telephone; when the attached device is in use, the phone is “busy.” The GPA can be configured to allow both the phone and accessory to be used (but sharing the line), or for the accessory to override the phone.

Allows fully integrated attachment of a headset; when the headset is activated, the phone acts as if the handset had been picked up. This is a great improvement over most headsets, which connect to handset cords and require the user to lift the handset to use the headset.

01021 ! ! 3 3

, , # +

4

$

)

,

,

$

& )

Used on the Merlin Plus; a later version may be used on Merlin II and Legend.

Unlike the General Purpose Adapter, this plugs into the control unit in place of a telephone, not an adjunct to a telephone. Since Merlin II and Legend support singleline analog telephones directly (through the 012 T/R and 016 T/R), this unit was less useful on newer, larger systems.

The BTMI 2 version is shown here:

/ ) )

, )

You can connect Extra Alert Devices, such as a horn, bell, strobe, or chime, to your system so that people working in noisy or remote areas of a building can be alerted when a call rings. When you activate the Supplemental Alert Adapter (SAA) and a voice terminal rings, the adapter automatically activates the connected extra alert device, which gives a visual or audible signal that a call has come in.

) + )

A high quality speakerphone (S102A, available in glossy black or dusty silver) can be attached, providing better speakerphone quality than that built-in to the BIS models, or adding that capability to non-speakerphone models.

Newer versions of the speakerphone (S202, available in black or misty cream) incorporated a “quality reset” which measured room acoustics and made internal adjustments for best quality operation.

Both speakerphones used the Pressure Zone Effect.

01021 ! ! 3 37

, , # +

&

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(

$

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Used only with the Merlin Plus system for logging calls or configuration to a printer.

4 $

In-Range, Out-of-Building protector, designed to protect phones and systems from electrical interference, lightning problems, ground issues, etc. Used when a phone is within the typical 1000 foot range of the system, but is not in the same building.

AT&T strongly cautions that these units are needed to protect people and equipment.

01021 ! ! 3

3

A

& *

For the Merlin II, and probably also supported by the Legend, AT&T built the 008D card to support the 7406D digital phone. The 74xx series was designed for larger PBX equipment (AT&T System 75, 85, and Definity), but at least this one set was supported, in 4 configurations:

7406D

7406D with Display

7406D with Data Stand

3=

, , # +

$

7406D with Display and Data Stand

. * 3

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The Merlin II 008D card also supported a PT510D Digital Voice/Data set.

H & * )

AT&T describes the MLX series of phones as being ISDN sets: they communicate 2 basic-rate channels and 1 data channel over 2 pairs of wire.

Clearly, the MLX series are optimized for use with a Merlin system, not directly connected to the public switched ISDN network, because of the dedicated feature buttons.

The primary improvements of the MLX series over the original

Analog/Hybrid phones are:

Use of standard technology (ISDN)

8

Improved display (on many phones)

Electronic control of handset, speaker, and ringing volume (replacing rotating knobs or sliding levers)

Return to the standard K-style handset, larger than the original Merlin handset. Less “cool” looking, but cheaper and perhaps more comfortable for the user.

A downside to the MLX phones was their lower reliability; many users have reported failures that are traceable to keypad problems. See Section 7,

“Maintenance,” for more information.

All the MLX phones are designed for desk mounting and include a plastic base that can be installed in two different ways to offer low-angle or highangle.

8

Although ISDN has not become popular in the US, as was expected when this effort was started.

01021 ! ! 3 32

, , # +

$

The MLX-5, -10, and -16 sets are also designed for wall mounting by use of an accessory wall mounting plate. To mount such phones on the wall, install the accessory plate using suitable screws or anchors, and remove the plastic base from the phone, exposing the key-hole shaped slots. These slots mate with round tabs on the wall mounting plate.

While the MLX-20L and -28D are not designed for wall-mounting, you can do so by removing the base, inverting it, and screwing it to the wall. This requires that you drill 4 holes in the base, and mount the front (shorter) end of the base upward. Hang the telephone from the tabs at the top, and the bottom end of the phone will connect with other tabs on the base.

01021 ! ! 3 3?

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Low-end phone with no display

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$ /

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5 2x24

10 -

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2x24

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Includes PassageWay module

Includes PassageWay module

10 -

16 2x24

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Preferred system programming console

Supports Direct Station Selection (DSS) unit

$ /

20

*

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7 x 20

01021 ! ! 3

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Supports Direct Station Selection (DSS) unit

$ /

28

*

.

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2x24

The MLX-20L console can have up to two Direct Station Selectors attached, allowing fast connection of a call to a station.

. * 7 H C !

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PassageWay Direct Connect Solution is a collection of five software applications that provide an interface between an approved DOS PC and the system through an MLX-28D, MLX-20L, MLX-16DP, or MLX-10DP telephones. (These phones require and adjunct card installed; the “DP” designation indicates the card has been installed.)

- ' - (

. A card file application that enables a user to maintain names, addresses, telephone numbers and other information.

- ' -

. A telephone programming application that enables users to program telephone features for their MLX-28D, MLX-20L, or MLX-10DP

"

, , # +

01021 ! ! 3

$

* L telephones from the PC. Multiple button programming files can be created, saved, and exchanged with other users.

. An application that enables users to access information from the call log, which stores a record of every call made while using

AT&TCall.

- ' - (

. Management software that provides the basis for all the other

PassageWay applications. AT&TConnect also provides autodialing using the command set used by most modems.

- ' - $ / ; ;

. An application that enables users to manage incoming calls

(answer, hold, or drop) and view the calling party number (Caller ID) for each incoming call at their telephones.

As can be seen, these are very early “Computer Telephony Integration” (CTI) applications. Avaya Merlin Magix has much stronger support for CTI.

/ . /

, / H )

The Multi Function Module (MFM) is a circuit card installed in MLX phones to support a secondary tip/ring (single line phone) device. Once installed, the second item operates independently; it can initiate and receive calls in parallel with the MLX phone. The MFM is assigned its own extension number, independent from the MLX phone. (The extension number may be related; for example, in a Legend system with 2 digit extensions, an MFM attached to extension 18 will be assigned extension 718.

The MFM also supports extra ringing devices such as bells, chimes, or horns, either 20 Hz AC ringing signal, or –48 VDC.

The MFM requires an adjunct power supply to generate a ringing signal. It will work without the power supply for outbound calling.

"

&

An adjunct unit connected to the DSS port on an MLX-20L or MLX-28D telephone. This unit has 50 buttons for accessing 50 different extensions.

Each has a single red indicator light (for station status). Pressing an extension button initiates a call to that station, or transfers a current call to that station.

Page buttons allow the 50 buttons to be used for 3 separate groups of extensions; a single DSS unit then can easily access 150 stations.

3

, , # +

$

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01021 ! ! 3

3

>

,

Unlike the ATL phones, the MLX phones do not require a special adapter for headsets. Headsets plug into the handset jack on the telephone. Buttons may be programmed to use the headset:

/

– for operators, when a call comes in, a short “buzz” is heard, then the call is answered automatically

> * / )

– answers or hangs up the call without needing to lift the handset

/

– mutes either the headset or handset. (The permanent Mute button on

MLX phones affects only the speakerphone.)

/

- With headset operation on (green LED next to Headset Status button is on), the user or operator answers and makes calls with the headset.

With headset operation off (green LED next to Headset Status button is off), the user or operator answers and makes calls with the handset.

, , # +

$

7

A - & *

These are Enhanced Tip Ring phones primarily designed for the AT&T

Partner system. They are supported on the Merlin Legend through ETR station cards. Though supported, Partner-like features may not work correctly when such phones are attached to a Merlin

= * < - & )

These newer all-digital phones work only on Magix systems, and require a different station card than the MLX phones.

A significant enhancement is the inclusion of separate headset and handset outlets, providing full support for headsets.

All the 4400 series phones use a two-wire digital interface, making system wiring easier. Some phones require auxiliary power as noted.

01021 ! ! 3 7

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330 & F

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Single line, no display

Single line

)

6

12

24

*

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None

2 x 16

2 x 16

2 x 16

2 x 16

33 3 & F

Only the display differs from the 4424D+ phone. Vacuum

Fluorescent display requires power adapter installed with telephone.

24 7 x 24

01021 ! ! 3 =

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$

Adjuct to the 4424D+ and 4424LD+ phones. May require installation of power adapter.

*

.

/

$ /

#

50 direct station selection buttons plus 10 feature buttons

& ) none

01021 ! ! 3 2

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7

-

5 *

This section discusses various wire/cable arrangements for connecting Merlin parts. Includes are some “secrets” to avoiding purchase of expensive parts.

7 0 5 *

Station wiring connects a Merlin Station (telephone) to the system.

The three station wiring descriptions below use standard 8-pin modular plugs, and the cables are wired non-reversing: pin 1 on one plug is wired to pin 1 on the other end of the cable. The connections are the same as standard 10-Base-

T Ethernet cables (sometimes referred to as “CAT-5”). Indeed, one can use a typical Ethernet cable if one is missing the station cable. You cannot, however, use a Merlin station cable for Ethernet, because the quality is insufficient to carry high-speed data.

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2C

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7

8

5

6

3

4

1

2

C3 2C)

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Or

9

/Wt

Wt/Or

,

, A

Gn/Wt

Bu/Wt

Wt/Bu

Wt/Gn

Bn/Wt

Wt/Bn

Gn

Ye

Bn

Sl

Bu

Or

Bk

Rd

, / ,

4 pair station wiring on 8-wire modular jack for feeding ATL

(analog/hybrid) phones. AT&T referred to this as the D8W cord. On smaller systems like the Merlin Plus, all four pair were used:

Pair 1: primary voice channel (white-blue pair)

Pair 2: signaling (button presses, lights, etc) (white-orange pair)

9

The official phone wiring color two letter abbreviations are: Wt = White, Rd = Red, Bk =

Black, Ye = Yellow, Vi = Violet, Bu = Blue, Or = Orange, Gn = Green, Bn = Brown, and Sl

= Slate. These abbreviations are non-ambiguous.

01021 ! ! 3 ?

, , # +

$

Pair 3: power (-48v DC) (white-green pair)

Pair 4: secondary voice channel (for HFAI, etc.) (white-brown pair)

3 pair station wiring on 8-wire modular jack for feeding ATL phones on

Merlin II and Merlin Legend. The ATL station cards in these systems supported only 1 voice channel, but two adjacent jacks could be

“bridged” to support both voice channels to the ATL phones.

(This is really the same station wiring as above, but one pair is not used.)

3 pair station wiring on 8-wire modular jack for feeding MLX phones on

Merlin Legend. As can be seen, the power pair is different for MLX and

ATL phones, making it important to know which kind of phone is connected to which jack.

Pair 1: Transmit +/-

Pair 3: Receive +/-

Pair 4: Power (-48v DC)

7 5 *

3 pair line wiring on 8-wire modular jack for E&M tie-line support on

Merlin II, Legend.

Pair 1: T, R (tip and ring)

Pair 2: T1, R1 (second tip & ring)

Pair 3: E & M

Single pair line on 6-wire modular jack for providing incoming Loop Start or Ground Start lines – on all Merlin systems. The center two wires (pins

3 & 4, typically red & green conductors) are used. AT&T referred to this as a D2R cord.

7 " 5 *

Adjunct device cable (between Analog/Hybrid phone and accessory) uses a 4 pair cable, and special “Keyed Modular” 8 pin plugs; the “key” is a small tab on the plug that prevents inserting these into a standard 8-pin jack. Wiring is straight-through, but pair usage is unknown. AT&T made a special 18-inch D8AC modular cord with light-blue modular plugs on the ends.

These cables are very hard to find, and expensive when you do find them.

7 3

8 / ,

*

AT&T has a long track record of safety and reliability. To improve both aspects of an installation, they insist on strong ground wiring requirements.

My recommendation is to follow them; they take little money, a few extra minutes during installation, and can prevent problems in the future.

01021 ! ! 3 7!

, , # +

$

In general, AT&T recommends additional ground wires be installed between the system and known reference points (beyond the grounding provided in the grounded power cord.). Consult your installation guides for details. The following illustration, for a Merlin Plus, has a typical arrangement: separate ground wire from equipment, closely coupled to the incoming phone lines, back to a good ground source.

. * "!

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) * / , *

7 * , )

Here are miscellaneous adapters used in Merlin installations.

3 ! . B

8 wire modular plug. Allows connecting a Data Collector and Busy

Buster feature to Merlin Plus station 19.

3! ! $

– breaks out pins 7 & 8 for power

3! ! & C

8 wire modular plug, splits off pair 3.

01021 ! ! 3

Suttle, supplier to the telecom industry, has many wiring diagrams for adapters (such as the one above) at www.suttleonline.com.

"

– 8 wire modular to DB-25 (traditional serial line) for SMDR or PC hookup to a printer (used on Merlin II and Legend). Pin connections

70

, , # +

$

Pin 1

Pin 2

Pin 3

Pin 4

Pin 5

Pin 6 are believed to be: mod1 – db22; mod2 – db6+8; mod3 – db20; mod4

– db7; mod5 – db3; mod6 – db2.

If you wanted to make an adapter to connect to the DB-9 serial port on a Windows computer, the following chart should help. This has been tested working with WinSPM software.

8-pin modular jack DB-9 female connector

2

1

4

3

6

5

8

7

2

1

4

3

6

5

8

7

view from back side of connector.

Pin 9

Pins 1, 6, 8

Pin 4

Pin 5

Pin 2

Pin 3

7 7

/

> ,

Several Merlin systems support Music On Hold. This feature provides music to those callers who are placed on hold.

AT&T advises that:

If you use equipment that rebroadcasts music or other copyrighted materials, you may be required to obtain a copyright license from and pay license fees to a third party (such as the American Society of

Composers, Artists, and Producers or Broadcast Music Incorporated).

Magic on Hold® requires no such license and can be purchased from

AT&T.

10

For non-commercial purposes, such as home use, I see no problem with using a radio as the source of Music on Hold. You may want to check with your lawyer or the radio station.

The early systems (206, 410, 820) allowed Music on Hold with the addition of a feature cartridge. That cartridge had two screw terminals configured to

10

From a Merlin Legend manual; this citation appears in many AT&T manuals.

01021 ! ! 3 7

, , # +

$ be an 8-ohm load. You can connect to a radio using a cable with an earphone plug on one end, and bare wires on the other end. Radio Shack part number

42-2434 is ideal for this use.

. * "0 , + 3 C 3"3 >

The Merlin Plus has an RCA jack, also 8-ohm, for connection. Use the Radio

Shack 42-2461 cable to connect to a standard radio with earphone jack.

. * " , + 3 C 370 > / 2 ! &

01021 ! ! 3

The Merlin II and Merlin Legend systems do not have dedicate music on hold ports. Instead, one must designate one of the trunk ports as the music source.

This is a little nasty, since trunk ports are traditionally expensive. AT&T also required the purchase of a special music adapter to connect correctly. These are not cheap, and not easy to find.

Fortunately, you can make your own. What’s required is an audio transformer, to convert a standard 8-ohm earphone feed into the 600-ohm standard phone line.

You will need the following parts:

A modular cable with a standard 6-pin plug on one end, and bare wires on the other end. (Radio Shack part number 940-0473, but you can just take a standard telephone cord and chop off one end.

A shielded earphone cable with a 1/8” plug on one end, and bare wires on the other end (Radio Shack part number 42-2434, above)

An 8-ohm to 600-ohm audio transformer. (Radio Shack part 273-1380 can be used; it is 1000-ohms on one side, but center-tapped, which means

7"

, , # +

$ it can be used as an 8-ohm to 500-ohm transformer, and that’s good enough.)

A small metal box (Radio Shack 27-235 or equivalent)

. * ""

Tools: drill, soldering iron, solder, tape

The crude drawing below shows how to hook the pieces together. Solder all connections, and use tape to insulate them. Run the cords through the ends of the metal box by drilling small holes. (Better to do this before hooking things together!) Tie a knot in each cord to keep it from pulling out of the box.

/ C C , 44 * ,

3

4

1

2

5

6

3

4

5

6

1

2

It’s best to keep the total wire length to under 10 feet to avoid picking up hum or interference. Keep the modular cable end shorter, and if possible, use special twisted wire cable (instead of standard flat modular cable) to minimize interference.

01021 ! ! 3 73

, , # +

$

If you use the Radio Shack transformer listed above, you will not use one of the 5 wires coming out of the transformer. Connect the red and white wires to the earphone plug, and the blue and black (or green and black, it doesn’t matter) to the telephone cord.

01021 ! ! 3 7

, , # +

$

=

With proper care, a Merlin system will last for decades. Some originally installed systems are approaching 20 years today with little signs of degradation.

Telephones with excessive wear are refurbished by dozens of companies; a large aftermarket exists to generate parts for this effort. It is a testament to the quality of the Merlin system that refurbishing continues today.

= 0 * * D / )

You can take several steps to maximize the life of your Merlin equipment.

Follow AT&T/Lucent guidelines regarding system grounding and power input. Use surge-protected power, and consider an uninterruptible power supply (UPS) to keep your system properly powered at all times. Proper grounding can reduce the effects of electrical surges.

Keep the system powered on at all times; don’t switch it on and off frequently. Doing so causes the internal temperature to alternate, leading to mechanical movement; over time, connections may become unstable.

Use proper lightning/surge protection for all trunks connected to the system. Use a heavy (gauge 10 or better) ground wire in parallel with the phone wires from the equipment to the service entry.

Follow instructions about proper clearance for ventilation; most Merlin units prefer to be wall-mounted with adequate room to allow convection air flow. Since the Merlins don’t have internal fans for cooling, they depend on unimpeded air flow through the chassis; the natural warmth of the electronics warms the surrounding air, which rises and is replaced with cooler air. This won’t work if you block the ventilation slots on the top and bottom of the control unit.

Improve handset cord life by periodically untwisting cords before they get totally mangled. Most telephone users twist the cord one revolution each time they use the phone.

Avoid placing stickers or tape on telephones. If necessary, remove glue/gum with citrus oil solvents.

= / # )

= 0 ) # )

You can improve the look of Merlin phones by printing professional labels for all the buttons. The attached file, below, includes many labels for MLX and ATL series phones.

01021 ! ! 3 77

, , # +

$

= ( * $ 4 )

The Merlin BIS series of phones is easily disassembled. Remove 2 screws from the bottom of the phone, and one screw from behind the number label.

Place the phone buttons down on a table, and gently remove the bottom by lifting straight up. You can then lift off the circuit board, exposing all the buttons and their rubber contact strips. These contact strips hold small black nubs; when you press a button, the button pushes the rubber strip, moving the nub down until it touches the circuit board.

If a phone button doesn’t work, it may be due to dirt accumulation on the nub or the circuit board. Clean both with a gentle cleanser. If someone spilled coffee inside the phone, you may have an hour’s worth of cleaning to do.

The buttons and the telephone case can be cleaned by soaking in soapy water.

Be sure all parts are dry before re-assembly.

= " (

TBD.

* H )

= 3 /

Mike Sandman at www.sandman.com has instructions for repairing the membrane buttons on older Merlin phones. www.tek-tips.com

has a good forum for Merlin systems.

01021 ! ! 3 7=

, , # +

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