BCA-048, 060, 072, 260, 272 (US) 09

BCA-048, 060, 072, 260, 272 (US) 09
BEFCO
®
Operator’s Manual
GROUND ENGAGE EQUIPMENT
Core Aerators
BCA-048, BCA-060, BCA-072
BCA-260, BCA-272
The operator’s manual is a technical service guide and must always accompany the machine.
Manual 971-212B
September 2010
SAFETY
Take note! This safety alert symbol found throughout this manual is used to call your
attention to instructions involving your personal safety and the safety of others. Failure to
follow these instructions can result in injury or death.
This symbol means:
ATTENTION!
BECOME ALERT!
YOUR SAFETY IS INVOLVED!
Signal Words
Note the use of the signal words DANGER, WARNING and CAUTION with the safety messages. The
appropriate signal words for each have been selected using the following guidelines:
DANGER: Indicates an imminently hazardous situation that, if not avoided, will result in death or
serious injury.
WARNING: Indicates a potentially hazardous situation that, if not avoided, could result in death or
serious injury, and includes hazards that are exposed when guards are removed. It may also be used
to alert against unsafe practices.
CAUTION: Indicates a potentially hazardous situation that, if not avoided, may result in minor or
moderate injury.
INDEX
1 - GENERAL INFORMATION
4
1.01 - General
4
1.02 - Model and Serial Number ID
5
1.03 - Assembly Instructions
5
2 - SAFETY PRECAUTIONS
6
2.01 - Preparation
6
2.02 - Starting and Stopping
7
2.03 - Messages and Signs
7
3 - OPERATION
9
3.01 - Operational Safety
9
3.02 - Setup
11
3.03 - Pre-Operational Check
11
3.04 - Attaching to the Tractor
11
3.05 - Start Up
12
3.06 - Working Speed
13
3.07 - Operating Techniques
13
3.08 - Uneven Terrain
13
3.09 - Transport
14
4 - MAINTENANCE
15
4.01 - Maintenance Safety
15
4.02 - Service
16
5 - REPAIR PROCEDURES
19
5.01 - Suggested Spare Parts
19
5.02 - Storage
19
6 - TROUBLESHOOTING
20
7 - PRE-DELIVERY CHECKLIST
21
8 - WARRANTY
22
PARTS MANUAL
27
INDEX
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CORE AERATOR
OPERATOR’S MANUAL
1 - GENERAL INFORMATION
Thank you and congratulations for having chosen our implement. Your new core aerator
is a technologically advanced machine constructed of high quality, sturdy components
that will fulfill your working expectations. Read this manual carefully. It will instruct you
on how to operate and service your implement safely and correctly. Failure to do so
could result in personal injury and/or in equipment damage.
1.01 - General
CAUTION: Unless otherwise specified, all hardware is metric. Use only metric
tools on metric hardware. Other tools that do not fit properly can slip and cause
injury.
CAUTION: Right hand and left hand sides of the implement are determined by
facing in the direction the implement will travel when going forward (see fig. 2).
Carefully read the Warranty section1, detailing coverage and limitations of this warranty.
Warranty is provided for customers who operate and maintain their equipment as
described in this manual. Warranty registration is accomplished by the dealer by
completing and forwarding the Warranty Registration Form to the Company, along
with a copy of the dealer’s invoice. It is in your best interest to insure that this has been
done.
Warranty does not cover the following:
1. Cleaning, transporting, mailing and service call charges.
2. Normal wear items such as spoons, bushings, etc.
3. Depreciation or damage caused by normal wear, accidents, improper maintenance,
improper protection or improper use.
4. The use of non-original spare parts and accessories.
Your Authorized Company Dealer has genuine parts in stock. Only these approved
replacement parts should be used.
This limited warranty covers defective material and workmanship. The cost of normal
maintenance or repairs for accidents or improper use and related labor will be borne by
the owner.
1
See Chapter 8 - Warranty.
GENERAL INFORMATION
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CORE AERATOR
OPERATOR’S MANUAL
1.02 - Model and Serial Number ID
Attached to the frame is an ID plate showing the model and the serial number. Record
your implement model and serial number in the space provided below. Your dealer
needs this information to give you prompt, efficient service when you order parts.
1.03 - Assembly Instructions
Note: Refer to the Parts Manual for an illustration of the parts referenced in the
instructions below.
1. Remove top and side panels from crate. If unit was shipped with weight canisters
please remove them before trying to remove the panels.
2. Remove “A” frame from crate. It is wired to the machine for transporting purposes.
3. Remove main frame of core aerator using an overhead chain hoist. Be sure to attach
the chain of the hoist to the hitch pins.
Note: Use caution while removing unit from the crate. It is shipped upside
down and will need to be turned over before placing on the ground. Lifting the
unit from the hitch pins allows the machine to rotate while being raised and
will help place machine upright.
4. The bolts (see Parts Manual) that secure the “A” frame to the main frame of the
machine are shipped mounted in the holes on the main frame. Remove the bolts and
nuts.
5. Mount the “A” frame onto the mainframe and secure it with the bolts and nuts that
were removed during step 4.
CAUTION: Stand clear of bands when cutting as they could be under sufficient
tension to cause them to fly loose. Take care in removing bands and wire. They
often have extremely sharp edges and cut very easily.
GENERAL INFORMATION
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CORE AERATOR
OPERATOR’S MANUAL
2 - SAFETY PRECAUTIONS
Safety is the primary concern in the design and manufacture of our products.
Unfortunately our efforts to provide safe equipment can be wiped out by a single
careless act of an operator.
In addition to the design and configuration of equipment, hazard control and accident
prevention are dependent upon the awareness, concern, prudence and proper training
of personnel involved in the operation, transport, maintenance and storage of
equipment. It is the operator’s responsibility to read and understand all safety and
operating instructions in the manual and to follow these.
Allow only properly trained personnel to operate the implement. Working with unfamiliar
equipment can lead to careless injuries. Read this manual, and the manual for your
tractor, before assembly or operation, to acquaint yourself with the machines. It is the
owner’s responsibility, if this machine is used by any person other than yourself, is
loaned or rented, to make certain that the operator, prior to operating, reads and
understands the operator’s manuals and is instructed in safe and proper use.
2.01 - Preparation
1. Before operating equipment read and understand the operator’s manual and the
safety signs (see fig. 2).
2. Thoroughly inspect the implement before initial operation to assure that all
packaging materials, i.e. wires, bands, and tape have been removed.
3. Personal protection equipment including hard hat, safety glasses, safety shoes, and
gloves are recommended during assembly, installation, operation, adjustment,
maintaining and/or repairing the implement.
4. Operate the implement only with a tractor equipped with an approved
Roll-Over-Protective-System (ROPS). Always wear your seat belt. Serious injury or
even death could result from falling off the tractor.
5. Clear area of stones, branches or other debris that might be thrown, causing injury
or damage.
6. Operate only in daylight or good artificial light.
7. Ensure implement is properly mounted, adjusted and in good operating condition.
8. Ensure that all safety decals are properly installed and in good condition.
SAFETY PRECAUTIONS
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CORE AERATOR
OPERATOR’S MANUAL
2.02 - Starting and Stopping
1. Be sure that no one is near the machine prior to engaging or while the machine is
working.
2. Be sure the tractor is in “Neutral” before starting engine.
3. Equipment operating power is ground driven. Know how to stop the tractor quickly in
case of an emergency.
4. After striking an obstacle, shut the tractor off, remove key and thoroughly inspect for
damage before restarting.
2.03 - Messages and Signs
1. Read and adhere to all safety and operating decals on this machine (see fig. 2).
2. Before dismounting tractor: Allow moving parts to stop, stop engine, set brake and
remove the key of unattended equipment.
3. Keep safety decals in place and in good condition.
4. Do not use with bystanders in area.
5. Allow no riders on tractor or implement.
6. Allow moving parts to stop before repair.
7. Securely support implement before working underneath.
Additional warning and operating decals are available at no extra charge. Please specify
model and serial number when ordering.
SAFETY PRECAUTIONS
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CORE AERATOR
OPERATOR’S MANUAL
Fig. 2 - Safety decals - implement; replace immediately if damaged.
right side
left side
SAFETY PRECAUTIONS
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CORE AERATOR
OPERATOR’S MANUAL
3 - OPERATION
The core aerator is designed to allow better air and water circulation in grass surfaces,
such as lawns, sports fields, municipal parks and golf courses. The core aerator uses
case hardened closed spoons bolted on rotor flanges that are spaced 6.5” between
each other. These spoons can remove up to a 3” plug. All models have two bronze
bushings per rotor flange for increased wear life. This design will ensure an even
aeration across the working width of the machine.
The BCA-048, BCA-060 and BCA-072 are designed to be mounted on a category 1
three point hitch or to be used with a category 1 Quick Hitch system. They come
available in 48”, 60” and 72” working widths and are compatible with tractors of 20 to 50
horsepower. Six aerating spoons per hub penetrate heavy thatch and tough soils to
break up soil compaction and revitalize lawns. They are perfect for landscaping
professionals and homeowners with big yards.
The BCA-260 and BCA-272 are designed to be mounted on a category 1 or 2 three
point hitch or Quick Hitch system. They are available in 60” and 72” working width and
are compatible with tractors of 20 to 70 horsepower. They work well on extra large
lawns and high-traffic areas such as school grounds, municipal parks and sports fields.
Eight spoons per hub allow you to work at faster speeds yet still get the desired
aerification.
Options include: Weight tanks to be mounted on the aerator for particularly compacted
soils and solid spoons to be mounted on the rotor for a more moderate aeration. The
solid spoons are particularly indicated for soft soils where you wish to aerate without
removing the plug of soil.
3.01 - Operational Safety
CAUTION: Our aerators are designed considering safety as the most important
aspect and are the safest available in today’s market. Unfortunately, human
carelessness can override the safety features built into our machines. Injury
prevention and work safety, aside from the features on our aerators, are very
much due to the responsible use of the equipment. It must always be operated
prudently following with great care, the safety instructions laid out in this manual.
1. The use of this equipment is subject to certain hazards which cannot be prevented
by mechanical means or product design. All operators of this equipment must read
and understand this entire manual, paying particular attention to safety and
operating instructions, prior to using.
OPERATION
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CORE AERATOR
OPERATOR’S MANUAL
2. Do not operate the tractor and implement when you are tired, sick or when using
medication.
3. Keep all helpers and bystanders at least 50 feet from the implement. Only properly
trained people should operate this machine.
4. Accidents are most likely to occur with machines that are loaned or rented to
someone who has not read the operator’s manual and is not familiar with the
implement.
5. Always stop the tractor, set brake, shut off the tractor engine, remove the ignition
key, lower implement to the ground and allow moving parts to come to a complete
stop before dismounting tractor. Never leave equipment unattended with the tractor
running.
6. Never place hands or feet under implement with tractor engine running or before you
are sure all motion has stopped. Stay clear of all moving parts.
7. Do not reach or place yourself under equipment until it is blocked securely.
8. Do not allow riders on the implement or tractor at any time. There is no safe place
for riders.
9. Before backing up, look behind carefully.
10. Never operate tractor and implement under trees with low hanging limbs. Operators
can be knocked off the tractor and then run over by the implement.
11. The rotating parts of this machine have been designed and tested for rugged use.
However, they could fail upon impact with heavy, solid objects such as steel guard
rails and concrete abutments. Such impact could cause the broken objects to be
thrown outward at very high velocities. To reduce the possibility of property damage,
serious injury, or even death, never allow the spoons to contact such obstacles.
12. Frequently check spoons. They should be sharp, free of nicks and cracks and
securely fastened.
13. Stop implement immediately upon striking an obstruction. Turn engine off, remove
key, ensure that all moving parts have come to a complete stop, inspect and repair
any damage before resuming operation.
14. Stay alert for holes, rocks and roots in the terrain and other hidden hazards. Keep
away from drop-offs.
15. Use extreme care and maintain minimum ground speed when transporting on
hillside, over rough ground and when operating close to ditches or fences. Be careful
when turning sharp corners.
16. Reduce speed on slopes and sharp turns to minimize tipping or loss of control. Be
careful when changing directions on slopes. Do not start or stop suddenly on slopes.
Avoid operation on steep slopes.
17. When using a unit, a minimum 20% of tractor and equipment weight must be on
tractor front wheels. Without this weight, tractor could tip over, causing personal
injury or death. The weight may be attained with a front end loader, front wheel
weights, ballast in tires or front tractor weights. When attaining a minimum 20% of
tractor and equipment weight on the front wheels, you must not exceed the ROPS
weight certification. Weigh the tractor and equipment. Do not guess or estimate!
18. Inspect the entire machine periodically2. Look for loose fasteners, worn or broken
parts, and leaky or loose fittings.
2
See Chapter 4 - Maintenance.
OPERATION
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CORE AERATOR
OPERATOR’S MANUAL
19. Pass diagonally through sharp dips and avoid sharp drops to prevent “hanging up”
tractor and implement.
20. Avoid sudden starts and stops while traveling up or downhill.
21. Always cut down slopes; never across the face. Avoid operation on steep slopes.
Slow down on sharp turns and slopes to prevent tipping and or loss of control.
3.02 - Setup
Notice to dealer: Pre-delivery setup and service including lubrication is the
responsibility of the authorized dealer. It is up to him to assure that the machine is in
perfect condition and ready to be used. It is his responsibility to ensure that the
customer is aware of all safety aspects and operational procedures for the implement.
He must also fill out the Pre-Delivery Checklist3 prior to delivering the implement.
3.03 - Pre-Operational Check
IMPORTANT: Check each of the following, carefully, prior to engaging the equipment:
1. The double flanged rotors have been greased.
2. No wrappings or foreign objects are around the implement.
3. The spoons are properly installed and the bolts properly torqued4.
4. All hardware is tight.
5. No people or animals are in the work area.
3.04 - Attaching to the Tractor
Models BCA-048, BCA-060 and BCA-072 may be used on tractors with up to 50
horsepower and a category 1 three point hitch. Models BCA-260 and BCA-272 may be
used on tractor up to 70 horsepower and a category 1 or 2 three point hitch.
DANGER: Never attempt to attach the implement to the tractor or make any
adjustments to it without first turning the tractor off.
DANGER: Failure to ensure a secure coupling of the implement to the tractor can
cause injury and damage to the implement or tractor.
Remove lower hitch pins (see Parts Manual) and back tractor up to implement. Once in
position set parking brake, shut off engine, and remove key before dismounting to
attach implement. Slide lower hitch arms of the tractor between the plates of the lower
hitch. Replace lower hitch pins and secure with lynch pin. Attach top link of the tractor to
3
4
See Chapter 7 - Pre-Delivery Checklist.
See Table 1, page 17.
OPERATION
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CORE AERATOR
OPERATOR’S MANUAL
the top of the “A” frame of the implement. Remove the pins (see Parts Manual) that
retain the support stands and raise support stands. Reinstall the pins.
3.05 - Start Up
DANGER: Never allow anyone around the implement when it is in operation.
CAUTION: Before starting work, clear the area of any obstacles or foreign
objects.
CAUTION: For emergency reasons, learn how to stop the tractor and implement
quickly.
Before starting to work, never forget that the operator is responsible for the following:
1. Safe and correct driving of the tractor and implement.
2. To learn precise safe operating procedures for both the tractor and the implement.
3. To ensure all maintenance and lubrication has been performed on the implement.
4. To have read and understood all safety aspects for the implement in the operator’s
manual.
5. To have read and understood all safety decals on the implement.
6. Checking the condition of the spoons. Worn or damaged spoons should be changed
before starting.
7. Checking that there is no wire, weed, grass or other material wrapped around
spoons.
8. Checking to see if front weights need to be added to the tractor in order to maintain
balance.
9. Checking the tractor tires for the proper pressure in accordance with the tractor
operator’s manual.
10. Making sure the proper attire is worn. Avoiding loose fitting clothing which can
become entangled. Wearing sturdy, tough-soled work shoes and protective
equipment for eyes, hands, ears and head. Never operate tractor or implements in
bare feet, sandals or sneakers.
11. Checking area for stones, branches and other debris that might be thrown.
12. Ensuring proper lighting is available, sunlight or good artificial lighting.
OPERATION
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3.06 - Working Speed
Ground speed is determined by the soil condition, depth of aeration and tractor power.
Simple experimentation will determine the best speed for the desired results, usually 2
to 5 mph.
When using the aerator the spoons need to make a continuous pattern, if there is some
skipping you need to slow down the ground speed.
3.07 - Operating Techniques
When the headland is reached, it is important that the following be observed:
1. Raise the machine from the ground and as soon as the blades leave the ground,
turn the tractor facing the new desired direction of travel.
2. Begin working again.
NOTE: Best practice dictates that the machine be lifted no more than just enough
to clear the ground.
3.08 - Uneven Terrain
DANGER: Be careful of rollover when operating tractor and implement over
uneven ground.
The following precautions should always be observed when working on uneven terrain:
1. In extremely uneven terrain rear wheel weights, front tractor weights, and/or tire
ballast should be used to improve stability.
2. Observe the type of terrain and develop a safe working pattern.
3. Whenever traction or stability is doubtful, first test drive over the terrain.
4. Operate the implement up and down steep slopes, not across slopes, to prevent the
tractor from tipping. Avoid sudden stops and starts, slow down before changing
directions on a slope.
5. Pass diagonally through sharp dips and avoid sharp drops to prevent hanging up the
tractor and implement.
6. Slow down on sharp turns and slopes to prevent tipping or loss of control.
7. Watch for holes, roots or other hidden objects. Do not use near the edge of a gully,
ditch or stream bank.
OPERATION
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OPERATOR’S MANUAL
3.09 - Transport
CAUTION: Do not tow tractor and implement behind other vehicles. Use a
properly equipped trailer with heavy tie-downs for towing operations.
Before transporting:
1. Always select a safe ground speed that is appropriate for the terrain.
2. Beware of traffic on public roads. Install a SMV (Slow Moving Vehicle) sign when
traveling on roads or streets. Comply with all federal, state and local laws.
3. Reduce ground speed when turning and take care that the implement does not strike
obstacles such as trees, fences or buildings.
OPERATION
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CORE AERATOR
OPERATOR’S MANUAL
4 - MAINTENANCE
DANGER: Stop engine, lock parking brake and remove key before performing any
service or maintenance.
Never rely on the tractor lift system. Install blocks or stands under the implement
to prevent it from falling.
Always use personal protection devices, such as glasses or gloves when
performing maintenance.
Keep fingers out of slots to prevent injury.
4.01 - Maintenance Safety
1. Good maintenance is your responsibility.
2. Keep service area clean and dry. Be sure electrical outlets and tools are properly
grounded. Use adequate light for the job at hand.
3. Make sure there is plenty of ventilation. Never operate the engine of the towing
vehicle in a closed building. The exhaust fumes may cause asphyxiation.
4. Make no repair or adjustments with the tractor engine running. Before working on
the machine, shut off the engine, set the brakes, and remove the ignition key.
5. Be certain all moving parts on attachment have come to a complete stop before
attempting to perform maintenance.
6. Never work under equipment unless it is blocked securely.
7. Always use personal protection devices such as eye, hand and hearing protectors,
when performing any service or maintenance.
8. Frequently check spoons. They should be sharp, free of nicks and cracks and
securely fastened.
9. Periodically tighten all bolts, nuts and screws and check that all cotter pins are
properly installed to ensure unit is in a safe condition.
10. After servicing, be sure all tools, parts and service equipment are removed.
11. Never replace hex bolts with less than grade five bolts unless otherwise specified,
i.e. shear bolts5.
12. Where replacement parts are necessary for periodic maintenance and servicing,
genuine replacement parts must be used to restore your equipment to original
specifications. The company will not claim responsibility for use of unapproved parts
and/or accessories and other damages as a result of their use.
5
Refer to Table 1 - Torque Specifications page 17.
MAINTENANCE
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CORE AERATOR
OPERATOR’S MANUAL
13. Unauthorized modifications to the machine may impair the function and/or safety of
the machine and reduce its life. If equipment has been altered in any way from
original design, the manufacturer does not accept any liability for injury or warranty.
4.02 - Service
The chart below gives the frequency of lubrication in hours, based on normal operating
conditions. Severe or unusual conditions may require more frequent lubrication.
Use a good quality SAE multipurpose type grease for all locations shown. Be sure to
clean fittings thoroughly before using grease gun.
Hourly or whenever an obstacle is hit:
1. Check machine condition, particularly the spoons.
2. Replace any damaged or worn spoon.
3. Remove any wrapping (stalks, weeds, trash, etc.) from rotor.
Every 8 hours:
Grease the double flanged rotors. Apply two or three shots of grease to each rotor (see
fig. 3).
Fig. 3
Double flanged rotor lubrication.
Every 25 hours:
Hardware tightness; vibration can loosen bolts6. Check tightness of the hardware
periodically7.
Every 50 hours:
Check the spoons for excessive wear or damage. Be sure the rotor turns freely.
6
7
See Table 1, page 17.
See Table 1, page 17.
MAINTENANCE
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OPERATOR’S MANUAL
TABLE 1 - TORQUE SPECIFICATIONS
Metric (ISO)
treaded
bolts head
marking
Bolt
size
mm
Thread
mm
Class 5.8
N.m
ft-lb
Class 8.8
N.m
ft-lb
Class 10.9
N.m
Inch (SAE)
treaded
bolts head
marking
Bolt
size
inch
ft-lb
4
3
6
4
9
7
M5
0.8
1/4”
6
4
10
7
15
11
M6
1
1/4”
16
12
25
18
36
27
M8
1.25
5/16”
17
13
26
19
38
28
M8
1
5/16”
31
23
48
35
71
52
M10
1.5
3/8”
33
24
51
38
75
55
M10
1.25
3/8”
35
26
53
39
78
58
M10
1
7/16”
54
40
84
62
123
91
M12
1.75
7/16”
56
41
87
64
128
94
M12
1.5
1/2”
59
44
90
66
133
98
M12
1.25
1/2”
84
62
133
98
195
144 9/16”
M14
2
94
69
142
105
209
154 9/16”
M14
1.5
131
97
206
152
302
223
M16
2
5/8”
141
104
218
161
320
236
M16
1.5
5/8”
181
133
295
218
421
310
M18
2.5
3/4”
196
145
311
229
443
327
M18
2
3/4”
203
150
327
241
465
343
M18
1.5
7/8”
256
189
415
306
592
437
M20
2.5
7/8”
288
212
454
335
646
476
M20
1.5
1”
344
254
567
418
807
595
M22
2.5
1”
381
281
613
452
873
644 1-1/8”
M22
1.5
444
327
714
526
1017
750 1-1/8”
M24
3
488
360
769
567
1095
808 1-1/4”
M24
2
656
484
1050
774
1496 1103 1-1/4”
M27
3
719
530
1119
825
1594 1176 1-3/8”
M27
2
906
668
1420 1047 2033 1499 1-3/8”
M30
3.5
1000
738
1600 1180 2250 1659 1-1/2”
M30
2
1534 1131 2482 1830 3535 2607 1-1/2”
M36
4
When using lock washers with nuts, increase torque values by 5%.
Grade 2
Grade 5
Grade 8
Thread
inch
tpi
N.m
ft-lb
N.m
ft-lb
N.m
ft-lb
20
28
18
24
16
24
14
20
13
20
12
18
11
18
10
16
9
14
8
12
7
12
7
12
6
12
6
12
7
8
15
17
27
31
43
48
66
75
95
106
132
149
233
261
226
249
339
371
480
539
677
750
888
1011
1179
1326
5
6
11
13
20
23
32
36
48
55
70
79
97
110
172
192
167
184
250
273
354
397
500
553
655
746
869
978
11
13
24
26
42
47
67
75
102
115
147
164
203
230
361
403
582
642
873
955
1077
1208
1519
1682
1992
2268
2643
2974
8
10
17
19
31
35
49
55
75
85
109
121
150
170
266
297
430
473
644
704
794
891
1120
1241
1469
1673
1949
2194
16
19
33
37
59
67
95
106
144
163
208
232
287
325
509
569
822
906
1232
1348
1746
1958
2463
2728
3230
3677
4286
4823
12
14
25
27
44
49
70
78
106
120
154
171
212
240
376
420
606
668
909
995
1288
1445
1817
2012
2382
2712
3161
3557
TABLE 2 - CORE AERATOR - TECHNICAL FEATURES
Standard Duty, for tractors up to 50 HP, 3 point hitch cat. 1
Model
Working width
Overall width
Weight lb.
# of Hubs
# Spoons
Spoon
Penetration
Additional
Weight area
BCA-048
48”
54”
284
4
48
4 ½”
19” x 15”
BCA-060
60”
65”
357
5
60
4 ½”
19” x 15”
BCA-072
72”
78”
401
6
72
4 ½”
25” x 15”
Heavy Duty, for tractors up to 70 HP, 3 point hitch cat. 1 or cat. 2
Model
Working width
Overall width
Weight lb.
# of Hubs
# Spoons
Spoon
Penetration
Additional
Weight area
BCA-260
60”
65”
444
5
80
4 ½”
19” x 21”
BCA-272
72”
78”
549
6
96
4 ½”
25” x 21”
MAINTENANCE
17
BEFCO
CORE AERATOR
OPERATOR’S MANUAL
TABLE 3 - OPTIONAL EQUIPMENT
Optional Equipment
Model
Description
Ballast
009-9731
Steel weight tank (for BCA-048)
Sand Only
# Required
2
009-9732
Steel weight tank (for BCA-060)
Sand Only
2
009-9733
Steel weight tank (for BCA-072)
Sand Only
2
009-9734
Steel weight tank (for BCA-260)
Sand Only
2
009-9735
Steel weight tank (for BCA-272)
Sand Only
2
MAINTENANCE
18
BEFCO
CORE AERATOR
OPERATOR’S MANUAL
5 - REPAIR PROCEDURES
CAUTION: All repair procedures must be done by authorized dealerships. It is not
recommended that untrained individuals perform any repair work.
5.01 - Suggested Spare Parts
It is suggested that the following spare parts be kept on hand for the implement at all
times to prevent a minor problem from delaying work.
Description
Aerating spoons
Spoon bolts
Spoon nuts
Quantity
6
12
12
5.02 - Storage
After seasonal use it is important to perform the following for prolonged storage:
1. Wash the implement carefully.
2. Inspect the implement and replace worn or damaged parts.
3. Tighten all hardware.
4. Grease all areas indicated under Maintenance8.
5. When placing machine in storage, lower all three foot stands and secure them with
the lock pins before lowering the unit to the ground.
6. Cover the implement from the elements in order to have it in perfect condition for the
start of the next season.
WARNING: Be sure to store the implement on a hard level surface and away from
people especially children.
8
See Chapter 4 - Maintenance.
REPAIR PROCEDURES
19
BEFCO
CORE AERATOR
OPERATOR’S MANUAL
6 - TROUBLESHOOTING
WARNING: Be sure tractor engine is off, parking brake is locked, and key is
removed before making any adjustments.
PROBLEM
Spoons become
bent sideways.
POSSIBLE CAUSE
Implement not raised
properly prior to turning.
Spoons won’t
penetrate ground
surface.
Soil condition is extremely
packed.
Frame and/or
spoons bending.
TROUBLESHOOTING
The tractor’s three point
hitch may be lowered too
far thus not allowing the
spoons to carry the weight
of the machine.
Spoons may be clogged.
Unit may have been
damaged due to use over a
concrete surface.
20
SOLUTION
Raise implement so that the spoons
do not come in contact with the
ground when turning.
Run sprinkler over desired working
area to moisten the soil.
Use of optional weight cans filled
with sand mounted on top of your
unit.
Raise three point so that unit
operates near parallel with ground.
Properly clean spoons prior to use.
Do not operate over hard surfaces.
Ensure working area is free of solid
objects like stumps, rocks, etc.
BEFCO
CORE AERATOR
OPERATOR’S MANUAL
7 - PRE-DELIVERY CHECKLIST
To the dealer: Inspect the machine thoroughly after assembly to assure it is
functioning properly before delivering it to the customer. The following checklist
is a reminder of points to cover. Check off each item as it is found satisfactory or
after proper adjustment is made.








Guards and shield properly fastened.
Lubrication of grease fittings.
All hardware properly tightened.
All decals properly located and readable (see fig. 2).
Spoons properly installed, bolts and nuts tightened.
Overall condition (touch up scratches, clean and polish).
Test run, check for excessive vibration or overheating of bearings.
Operator’s Manual.
Review the Operator’s Manual with the customer. Explain the following:









Warranty.
Safe operation and service.
Correct machine installation and operation.
Daily and periodic lubrication, maintenance and inspections.
Troubleshooting.
Operational procedures and storage.
Parts and service.
Fill out the Pre-Delivery Checklist and Warranty Registration form.
Give customer the Operator’s Manual and encourage the customer to read the
manual carefully.
IMPORTANT: Warranty is not valid unless Pre-Delivery Checklist and Warranty
Registration Form in operator’s manual is completed in detail and mailed to the
Company.
Model Number: __________
Serial Number: __________
Delivery Date: __________
Dealer’s Signature: __________
PRE-DELIVERY CHECKLIST
21
BEFCO
CORE AERATOR
OPERATOR’S MANUAL
8 - WARRANTY
BEFCO’s responsibility will be limited to substitution of the acknowledged defective
merchandise to the same place of delivery as the previous one was supplied.
1. LIMITED WARRANTY
BEFCO, Inc. herein referred to as the Company, warrants its machines and related
accessories, hereafter referred to as the Machine, to be free from defects in material
and workmanship, for a period of twelve (12) months from the date of invoice to the first
registered owner; this limited warranty does not apply to common wear items and
excludes belts, shear pins, oil, grease, tires, tubes, hydraulic hoses, knives and PTO
shafts.
Labor will be reimbursed at $40.00 per hour based on BEFCO’s time schedule.
Cost of transport to the servicing dealer is the responsibility of the customer.
Warranty coverage shall not be transferable from the first owner to any subsequent
owner.
2. DISCLAIMER OF ALL OTHER WARRANTIES AND REMEDIES
Neither the Company nor any company affiliated with the Company makes any
warranties, representations or promises, expressed or implied, as to the quality,
performance or application of its products other than those set forth herein and
does not make any implied warranty of merchantability or fitness.
The only remedies the purchaser has in connection with the breach, or
performance of any warranty on the Company’s Machine are those set forth
herein. In no event will the dealer, the Company, or any company affiliated with
the Company, be liable for:
a. Injuries or damages of any kind or nature, direct, consequential or
contingent to person or property.
b. Any expenses incurred by the owner to repair, replace or rework any
allegedly defective item.
c. Any loss, cost, forfeiture or damages (including loss of profits; loss of
crops; loss because of delay in field operations; any expenses or loss
incurred for labor, supplies, substitute machine rental; liabilities of the
owner to its customers or third persons; and all other consequential
damages, losses, liabilities or damages for any other reasons) whether
direct or indirect, and whether or not resulting from or contributed to by the
default or negligence of the Company, its agents, employees and
subcontractors which might be claimed as a result of the use or failure of
the equipment delivered.
The Company’s liability based on this limited warranty or any other applicable
laws shall be limited to replacement or refund of the purchase price of the
product.
The limited warranty extended herein gives you specific rights and you may also
have other rights which vary from state to state. Neither the dealer nor the
Company personnel has the authority to make any representation or to modify
the terms and limitations of this warranty in any way.
WARRANTY
22
BEFCO
CORE AERATOR
OPERATOR’S MANUAL
Other than the limited warranty extended hereby there is no other expressed
warranty in connection with the design, safety or use of any of the Company’s
products except as to title. All implied warranties are expressly disclaimed
pursuant to the terms of this warranty.
3. CUSTOM WORK
If the Machine is used for commercial purposes such as custom work, the period
warranted for the Machine is limited to six (6) months from the date of delivery to the
first registered owner and does not cover any labor charges incurred.
4. RENTAL
If the Machine is used for rental purposes the period warranted for the Machine is
limited to thirty (30) days from the date of delivery to the first registered owner and does
not cover any labor charges incurred.
5. REGISTRATION
In order to qualify for coverage on this limited warranty, the product and name of the
original purchaser must be registered with the Company by a completed Machine
Pre-Delivery Checklist and Warranty Registration along with a copy of the dealer’s
invoice to the first registered owner to the Company within fourteen (14) days after the
date of delivery to the original purchaser.
6. WARRANTY SERVICE
Warranty Service must be performed by a dealer authorized by BEFCO. If the warranty
service requested is approved, the owner shall pay only for labor beyond the rate
allowed, for overtime labor, and for any mileage charge for transporting the equipment
to and from the dealer’s shop. It is assumed that the dealer has the appropriate general
and special tools to service the machine. Time required for replacement of knives, oil,
grease and to remove excessive dirt from the Machine is not subject to reimbursement
by the Company. The owner is required to clean the Machine before presenting it to the
dealer for service work. The Machine must be delivered within thirty (30) days after
failure date by the owner to the dealer to be eligible for warranty consideration.
7. UNAPPROVED SERVICE OR MODIFICATION
All obligations of the Company under this limited warranty shall be terminated if:
a. Proper service and operation instructions as outlined in the Operator’s Manual
and on the instruction sticker on the Machine, are not followed.
b. The Machine is modified or altered in any way not approved by the Company.
c. The Company does not receive a copy of the dealers invoice to the first
registered owner within fourteen (14) days from the date of delivery.
d. The Company has not been paid in full, by the dealer, for the Machine.
8. ACCIDENTS AND NORMAL MAINTENANCE
This limited warranty covers defective material and workmanship. It does not cover
depreciation or damage caused by normal wear, accidents, improper maintenance,
improper protection or improper use. The costs of normal maintenance or repairs for
accidents or improper use, and related labor will be borne by the owner.
9. REPLACEMENT PARTS
BEFCO, Inc. warrants replacement parts to be free from defect in material and
workmanship for a period of thirty (30) days from the date of delivery to the original
purchaser.
WARRANTY
23
BEFCO
WARRANTY REGISTRATION
BEFCO, Inc.
P.O. Box 6036
Rocky Mount, NC 27802-6036
Dealer
Country
Town
State
Date of delivery
Model #
Retail Customer
Acct. #
Street
Street
Zip
Invoice #
Greased fittings.
Safety guards in place.
All hardware tight.
Bolts torqued correctly.
Attached unit to tractor. Yes/No.
Field adjusted.
Yes/No.
Test run.
Dry/Infield.
Safety decals.
Operator’s Manual.
The machine described above, had been
prepared for delivery according to the
Pre-Delivery Checklist and the Customer has
been instructed in its care and operation and
the condition of warranty.
Inspected by:
Date:
Dealer’s Signature:
Town
State
Zip
Phone
Serial #
Pre-Delivery Checklist:









Tel: (252) 977.9920 - Fax: (252) 977.9718
Tractor make:
Model:
; HP
Type of operation: Private homeowner,
Landscaping, Commercial maintenance, Golf
Course, Municipality, Turf Farm, others:
Approximate number of acres machine will be
used on annually:
I hereby acknowledge that:
I have received and accepted delivery of the
machine described.
The equipment was checked thoroughly for
loose or missing parts and has been adjusted
in accordance with the Pre-Delivery Checklist.
I have read and understand the nature and
extent of the warranty and understand clearly
that there were and are no other
representations of warranties either expressed
or implied, made by anyone. I have been
advised on proper operation, maintenance and
lubrication procedure of this equipment.
I have been instructed on and do understand
the application, limitation and capacities this
equipment was designed and recommended
for, all as described in the Operator’s Manual
and literature published by the Company.
Date:
Customer's Signature:
This registration along with a copy of the invoice must be sent to BEFCO, Inc.
within 14 days of date of purchase.
Sender:
Fold here
BEFCO, Inc.
Warranty Department
P.O. Box 6036
Rocky Mount, NC 27802-6036
Cut along this line
Place stamp
here
BEFCO
®
Parts Manual
GROUND ENGAGE EQUIPMENT
Core Aerators
BCA-048, BCA-060, BCA-072
BCA-260, BCA-272
BEFCO BCA-048, 060, 072, 260, 272 (US)
Printed on September 10, 2010
Parts Manual 09/2010
BCA-048, 060, 072, 260, 272
CORE AERATOR
FRAME
BCA-048, 060, 072, 260, 272
PARTS MANUAL
28
09/2010
OPERATOR’S MANUAL
BEFCO
CORE AERATOR
Ref.
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
24
Part #
001-6111
011-6111
021-6111
011-6271
021-6271
001-6141
001-6301
001-6360
003-8346
001-6315
009-1507
001-6160
001-6160
001-6160
001-6320
001-6320
001-6164
001-6164
001-6164
001-6166
001-6166
001-6167
001-6167
001-6171
011-6171
021-6171
011-6331
021-6331
001-6176
001-6176
001-6176
001-6336
001-6336
001-6180
001-6182
001-6342
001-1333
007-4232
003-0358
002-3265
003-0156
003-0064
003-0064
005-1953
000-5507
005-1129
001-4427
001-4490
009-1384
006-4377
000-3366
PARTS MANUAL
09/2010
FRAME
BCA-048, 060, 072, 260, 272
Description
Main frame; BCA-048
Main frame; BCA-060
Main frame; BCA-072
Main frame; BCA-260
Main frame; BCA-272
“A” frame; BCA-048, 060, 072
“A” frame; BCA-260, 272
Rear strap, “A” frame; BCA-260, 272
Hitch pin; BCA-048, 060, 072
Hitch pin; BCA-260, 272
Hairpin cotter Ø4 Z
Rotor, double flanged; BCA-048
Rotor, double flanged; BCA-060
Rotor, double flanged; BCA-072
Rotor, double flanged; BCA-260
Rotor, double flanged; BCA-272
Bushing, bronze; BCA-048
Bushing, bronze; BCA-060, 260
Bushing, bronze; BCA-072, 272
Spoon (6 per flange on BCA-048, 060, 072)
Spoon (8 per flange on BCA-260, 272)
Spike, (option) (6 per flange on BCA-048, 060, 072)
Spike, (option) (8 per flange on BCA-260, 272)
Rotor shaft; BCA-048
Rotor shaft; BCA-060
Rotor shaft; BCA-072
Rotor shaft; BCA-260
Rotor shaft; BCA-272
Inner spacer, rotor; BCA-048
Inner spacer, rotor; BCA-060
Inner spacer, rotor; BCA-072
Inner spacer, rotor; BCA-260
Inner spacer, rotor; BCA-272
Outer spacer, rotor
Foot stand; BCA-048, 060, 072
Foot stand; BCA-260, 272
Cotter pin Ø10x70
Bolt HH M14-2.00x40 C8.8 Z F
Nut PT M14-2.00 C6 Z TK
Bolt HH M12-1.75x40 C8.8 Z F; BCA-260, 272
Nut PT M10-1.50 C6 TK Z; BCA-048, 060, 072
Nut PT M12-1.75 C6 TK Z; BCA-260
Nut PT M12-1.75 C6 TK Z; BCA-272
Bolt HH M20-2.50x110 C8.8 Z P
Nut PT M20-2.50 C6 TK Z
Grease fitting M06-1.00
Bolt HH M08-1.25x45 C8.8 Z P; BCA-048, 060, 072
Bolt HH M08-1.25x50 C8.8 Z P; BCA-260, 272
Nut ES M08-1.25 Z TK
Bolt HH M18-2.50x45 C8.8 Z F
Washer lock Ø18 Z
29
OPERATOR’S MANUAL
Qty.
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
2
2
2
4
5
6
5
6
8
10
12
1
1
1
1
1
3
4
5
4
5
2
3
3
3
5
9
10
1
1
2
2
BEFCO
CORE AERATOR
FRAME
BCA-048, 060, 072, 260, 272
PARTS MANUAL
30
09/2010
OPERATOR’S MANUAL
BEFCO
CORE AERATOR
Ref.
25
26
27
28
FRAME
BCA-048, 060, 072, 260, 272
OPERATOR’S MANUAL
Part #
000-1278
001-5255
001-6190
001-6200
001-6210
001-6370
001-6380
002-8150
001-6116
Description
Bolt HH M10-1.50x30 C8.8 Z F; BCA-048, 060, 072
Bolt HH M12-1.75x30 C8.8 Z F; BCA-260, 272
Weight canister (option); BCA-048
Weight canister (option); BCA-060
Weight canister (option); BCA-072
Weight canister (option); BCA-260
Weight canister (option); BCA-272
Plastic cap 70 mm. (option)
Bushing
Qty.
2
2
2
2
2
2
1
950-406B
950-407B
950-417B
950-107B
950-104B
950-940B
950-824B
950-283B
950-274B
950-285B
950-270B
950-247B
950-381B
950-358B
971-212B
Decal “WARNING - Falling off”
Decal “WARNING - Crushing and pinching hazard”
Decal “CAUTION - To avoid serious injury”
Decal “BEFCO”
Decal “B” logo
Decal “Quick Hitch Compatible”
Decal “BCA”
Decal “048”
Decal “060”
Decal “072”
Decal “260”
Decal “272”
Decal “BEFCO INC” address
Decal “Made in USA”
Operator’s & parts manual “BCA-048, 060, 072, 260, 272”
1
1
1
2
2
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
Use only original spare parts
All rights reserved. It is unlawful to copy, reprint or use any of the information or details in this manual
without the expressed written permission of the Company. Technical information provided in this
manual is approximate, the Company reserves the right to modify or improve the models shown for
technical or commercial purposes. Pictures in this manual do not necessarily show the machine as
delivered.
PARTS MANUAL
09/2010
31
BEFCO
BEFCO BCA-048, 060, 072, 260, 272 (US)
Printed in the USA, September 10, 2010
®
P.O. Box 6036
Rocky Mount, NC 27802-6036
Tel.: 252.977.9920 - Fax: 252.977.9718
www.befco.com
®
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