Conel | UR5 v2 | System information | Conel UR5 v2 System information

Conel UR5 v2 System information
CONFIGURATION MANUAL
for v2 routers
LUCOM GmbH * Ansbacher Str. 2a * 90513 Zirndorf * Tel. 09127/59 460-10 * Fax. 09127/59 460-20 * www.lucom.de
USED SYMBOLS
Used symbols
Danger – important notice, which may have an influence on the user’s safety or the function
of the device.
Attention – notice on possible problems, which can arise in specific cases.
Information, notice – information, which contains useful advice or special interest.
Firmware version
Actual version of firmware is 3.0.7 (12.7.2013).
GPL licence
Source codes under GPL licence are available free of charge by sending an email to:
info@conel.cz.
Router version
Properties and settings of router associated with the GSM connection is not available in industrial router XR5i v2.
PPPoE configuration item is only available on the industrial router XR5i v2, used to set the
PPPoE connection over Ethernet.
Conel s.r.o., Sokolska 71, 562 04 Usti nad Orlici, Czech Republic
Manual issued in CZ, July 15, 2013
i
LUCOM GmbH * Ansbacher Str. 2a * 90513 Zirndorf * Tel. 09127/59 460-10 * Fax. 09127/59 460-20 * www.lucom.de
CONTENTS
Contents
1 Configuration over web browser
1
1.1 Secured access to web configuration . . . . . . . . . . . .
1.2 General . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
1.2.1 Mobile Connection . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
1.2.2 Primary LAN . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
1.2.3 Peripheral Ports . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
1.2.4 System Information . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
1.3 Mobile WAN status . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
1.4 Network status . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
1.5 DHCP status . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
1.6 IPsec status . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
1.7 DynDNS status . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
1.8 System Log . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
1.9 LAN configuration . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
1.10 VRRP configuration . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
1.11 Mobile WAN configuration . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
1.11.1 Connection to mobile network . . . . . . . . . . . .
1.11.2 DNS address configuration . . . . . . . . . . . . .
1.11.3 Check connection to mobile network configuration
1.11.4 Data limit configuration . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
1.11.5 Switch between SIM cards configuration . . . . . .
1.11.6 Dial-In access configuration . . . . . . . . . . . . .
1.11.7 PPPoE bridge mode configuration . . . . . . . . .
1.12 Backup Routes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
1.13 PPPoE Configuration . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
1.14 Firewall configuration . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
1.15 NAT configuration . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
1.16 OpenVPN tunnel configuration . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
1.17 IPSec tunnel configuration . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
1.18 GRE tunnels configuration . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
1.19 L2TP tunnel configuration . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
1.20 PPTP tunnel configuration . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
1.21 DynDNS client configuration . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
1.22 NTP client configuration . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
1.23 SNMP configuration . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
1.24 SMTP configuration . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
1.25 SMS configuration . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
1.25.1 Send SMS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
1.26 Expansion port configuration . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
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2
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66
ii
LUCOM GmbH * Ansbacher Str. 2a * 90513 Zirndorf * Tel. 09127/59 460-10 * Fax. 09127/59 460-20 * www.lucom.de
CONTENTS
1.27
1.28
1.29
1.30
1.31
1.32
1.33
1.34
1.35
1.36
1.37
1.38
1.39
1.40
1.41
USB port configuration . . . . . .
Startup script . . . . . . . . . . .
Up/Down script . . . . . . . . . .
Automatic update configuration .
User modules . . . . . . . . . . .
Change profile . . . . . . . . . .
Change password . . . . . . . .
Set real time clock . . . . . . . .
Set SMS service center address
Unlock SIM card . . . . . . . . .
Send SMS . . . . . . . . . . . .
Backup configuration . . . . . . .
Restore configuration . . . . . .
Update firmware . . . . . . . . .
Reboot . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
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2 Configuration setting over Telnet
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iii
LUCOM GmbH * Ansbacher Str. 2a * 90513 Zirndorf * Tel. 09127/59 460-10 * Fax. 09127/59 460-20 * www.lucom.de
LIST OF FIGURES
List of Figures
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
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9
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39
40
Web configuration . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Mobile WAN status . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Network status . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
DHCP status . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
IPsec status . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
DynDNS status . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
System Log . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Example program syslogd start with the parameter -r
Topology of example LAN configuration 1 . . . . . .
Example LAN configuration 1 . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Topology of example LAN configuration 2 . . . . . .
Example LAN configuration 2 . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Topology of example LAN configuration 3 . . . . . .
Example LAN configuration 3 . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Topology of example VRRP configuration . . . . . .
Example VRRP configuration — main router . . . . .
Example VRRP configuration -– backup router . . .
Mobile WAN configuration . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Example of Mobile WAN configuration 1 . . . . . . .
Example of Mobile WAN configuration 2 . . . . . . .
Example of Mobile WAN configuration 3 . . . . . . .
Backup Routes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
PPPoE configuration . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Topology of example firewall configuration . . . . . .
Example firewall configuration . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Topology of example NAT configuration 1 . . . . . .
Example NAT configuration 1 . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Topology of example NAT configuration 2 . . . . . .
Example NAT configuration 2 . . . . . . . . . . . . .
OpenVPN tunnels configuration . . . . . . . . . . . .
OpenVPN tunnel configuration . . . . . . . . . . . .
Topology of example OpenVPN configuration . . . .
IPsec tunnels configuration . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
IPsec tunnels configuration . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Topology of example IPsec configuration . . . . . . .
GRE tunnels configuration . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
GRE tunnel configuration . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Topology of GRE tunnel configuration . . . . . . . .
L2TP tunnel configuration . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Topology of example L2TP tunnel configuration . . .
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1
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iv
LUCOM GmbH * Ansbacher Str. 2a * 90513 Zirndorf * Tel. 09127/59 460-10 * Fax. 09127/59 460-20 * www.lucom.de
LIST OF FIGURES
41
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PPTP tunnel configuration . . . . . . . . . . . .
Topology of example PPTP tunnel configuration
Example of DynDNS configuration . . . . . . .
Example of NTP configuration . . . . . . . . . .
Example of SNMP configuration . . . . . . . .
Example of the MIB browser . . . . . . . . . . .
SMTP configuration . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Example of SMS configuration 1 . . . . . . . .
Example of SMS configuration 2 . . . . . . . .
Example of SMS configuration 3 . . . . . . . .
Example of SMS configuration 4 . . . . . . . .
Expansion port configuration . . . . . . . . . .
Example of expansion port configuration 1 . . .
Example of expansion port configuration 2 . . .
USB configuration . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Example of USB port configuration 1 . . . . . .
Example of USB port configuration 2 . . . . . .
Startup script . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Example of Startup script . . . . . . . . . . . .
Up/Down script . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Example of Up/Down script . . . . . . . . . . .
Example of automatic update 1 . . . . . . . . .
Example of automatic update 2 . . . . . . . . .
User modules . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Added user module . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Change profile . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Change password . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Set real time clock . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Set SMS service center address . . . . . . . .
Unlock SIM card . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Send SMS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Restore configuration . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Update firmware . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Reboot . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
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48
49
50
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55
56
57
62
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80
v
LUCOM GmbH * Ansbacher Str. 2a * 90513 Zirndorf * Tel. 09127/59 460-10 * Fax. 09127/59 460-20 * www.lucom.de
LIST OF TABLES
List of Tables
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
24
25
26
27
28
29
30
31
32
33
34
35
36
37
38
39
40
Mobile connection . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Peripheral Ports . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
System Information . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Mobile Network Information . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Description of period . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Mobile Network Statistics . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Traffic statistics . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Description of interface in network status . . . . . .
Description of information in network status . . . .
DHCP status description . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Configuration of network interface . . . . . . . . .
Configuration of dynamic DHCP server . . . . . .
Configuration of static DHCP server . . . . . . . .
VRRP configuration . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Check connection . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Mobile WAN connection configuration . . . . . . .
Check connection to mobile network configuration
Data limit configuration . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Default and backup SIM configuration . . . . . . .
Switch between SIM card configurations . . . . . .
Switch between SIM card configurations . . . . . .
Dial-In access configuration . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Backup Routes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
PPPoE configuration . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Firewall configuration . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
NAT configuration . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Configuration of send all incoming packets . . . . .
Remote access configuration . . . . . . . . . . . .
Overview OpenVPN tunnels . . . . . . . . . . . . .
OpenVPN tunnels configuration . . . . . . . . . . .
Example OpenVPN configuration . . . . . . . . . .
Overview IPsec tunnels . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
OpenVPN tunnels configuration . . . . . . . . . . .
Example IPsec configuration . . . . . . . . . . . .
Overview GRE tunnels . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
GRE tunnel configuration . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Example GRE tunnel configuration . . . . . . . . .
L2TP tunnel configuration . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Example L2TP tunel configuration . . . . . . . . .
PPTP tunnel configuration . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
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3
3
4
4
5
5
5
6
7
8
12
13
13
17
17
19
20
21
21
22
23
23
26
27
28
30
30
31
34
36
38
39
41
43
44
44
45
46
47
48
vi
LUCOM GmbH * Ansbacher Str. 2a * 90513 Zirndorf * Tel. 09127/59 460-10 * Fax. 09127/59 460-20 * www.lucom.de
LIST OF TABLES
41
42
43
44
45
46
47
48
49
50
51
52
53
54
55
56
57
58
59
60
61
62
63
64
65
66
67
68
69
Example PPTP tunel configuration . . . . . .
DynDNS configuration . . . . . . . . . . . . .
NTP configuration . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
SNMP agent configuration . . . . . . . . . . .
SNMPv3 configuration . . . . . . . . . . . . .
SNMP configuration (MBUS extension) . . .
SNMP configuration (R-SeeNet) . . . . . . .
Object identifier for binary input and output .
Object identifier for CNT port . . . . . . . . .
Object identifier for M-BUS port . . . . . . . .
SMTP client configuration . . . . . . . . . . .
Send SMS configuration . . . . . . . . . . . .
Control via SMS configuration . . . . . . . . .
Control SMS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Send SMS on serial PORT1 configuration . .
Send SMS on serial PORT2 configuration . .
Send SMS on ethernet PORT1 configuration
List of AT commands . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Expansion PORT configuration 1 . . . . . . .
Expansion PORT configuration 2 . . . . . . .
CD signal description . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
DTR signal description . . . . . . . . . . . . .
USB port configuration 1 . . . . . . . . . . . .
USB PORT configuration 2 . . . . . . . . . .
CD signal description . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
DTR signal description . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Automatic update configuration . . . . . . . .
User modules . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Telnet commands . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
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49
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53
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60
60
60
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67
67
69
69
70
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76
82
vii
LUCOM GmbH * Ansbacher Str. 2a * 90513 Zirndorf * Tel. 09127/59 460-10 * Fax. 09127/59 460-20 * www.lucom.de
1. CONFIGURATION OVER WEB BROWSER
1. Configuration over web browser
Attention! If the SIM card is not inserted in the router, then wireless transmissions will not
work. The inserted SIM card must have activated GPRS. Insert the SIM card when the router
is switched-off.
For monitoring, configuring and managing the router use web interface, which can be
invoked by entering the IP address of the router into your browser. The default IP address of
the router is 192.168.1.1. Configuration may be performed only by the user "root" with initial
password "root".
The left part of the web interface contains the menu with pages for monitoring (Status),
Configuration, Customization and Administration of the router.
Name and Location items displays the name and location of the router filled in the SNMP
configuration (see SNMP Configuration).
For increased safety of the network managed by the router must be changed the default
router password. If the router’s default password is set, the Change password item is highlighted in red.
Figure 1: Web configuration
1
LUCOM GmbH * Ansbacher Str. 2a * 90513 Zirndorf * Tel. 09127/59 460-10 * Fax. 09127/59 460-20 * www.lucom.de
1. CONFIGURATION OVER WEB BROWSER
After green LED starts to blink it is possible to restore initial settings of the router by pressing button RST on front panel. If press button RST, configuration is restored to default and it
is reboot (green LED will be on).
1.1
Secured access to web configuration
To the web configuration can be accessed via a secure HTTPS protocol. In the event
of a default router IP address is a secure router configuration accessed by entering address
https://192.168.1.1 in the web browser. The first approach is the need to install a security certificate. If your browser reports a disagreement in the domain, this message can be prevented
use the following procedure.
Since the domain name in the certificate is given the MAC address of the router (such
separators are used dashes instead of colons), it is necessary to access the router under this
domain name. For access to the router via a domain name, it is adding a DNS record in the
DNS table, the operating system.
• Editing /etc/hosts (Linux/Unix)
• Editing C:\WINDOWS\system32\drivers\etc\hosts (Windows XP)
• Configuring your own DNS server
In addition to configuring the router with MAC address 00:11:22:33:44:55 is accessed to
secure configuration by typing address https://00-11-22-33-44-55 in the web browser. The first
approach is the need to install a security certificate.
When using self signing certificate must upload your files and http_cert http_key directory
/etc/certs in the router.
1.2
General
A summary of basic information about the router and its activities can be invoked by selecting the General item. This page is also displayed when you login to the web interface.
Information is divided into a several of separate blocks according to the type of router activity or the properties area – Mobile Connection, Primary LAN, Peripherals Ports and System
Information. If your router is equipped with WIFI expansion port, there is also WIFI section.
1.2.1
Mobile Connection
Item
Description
SIM Card
Identification of the SIM card (Primary or Secondary)
Interface
Defines the interface
IP Address
IP address of the interface
MTU
Maximum packet size that the equipment is able to transmit
Continued on next page
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LUCOM GmbH * Ansbacher Str. 2a * 90513 Zirndorf * Tel. 09127/59 460-10 * Fax. 09127/59 460-20 * www.lucom.de
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Continued from previous page
Item
Description
Rx Data
Total number of received bytes
Rx Packets
Received packets
Rx Errors
Erroneous received packets
Rx Dropped
Dropped received packets
Rx Overruns
Lost received packets because of overload
Tx Data
Total number of sent bytes
Tx Packets
Sent packets
Tx Errors
Erroneous sent packets
Tx Dropped
Dropped sent packets
Tx Overruns
Lost sent packets because of overload
Uptime
Time indicating how long the connection to mobile network is established
Table 1: Mobile connection
1.2.2
Primary LAN
Items displayed in this part have the same meaning as items in the previous part. Moreover,
there is information about the MAC address of the router (MAC Address item).
1.2.3
Peripheral Ports
Item
Description
Expansion Port 1
Expansion port fitted to the position 1 (None indicates that this
position is equipped with no port)
Expansion Port 2
Expansion port fitted to the position 2 (None indicates that this
position is equipped with no port)
Binary Input
State of binary input
Binary Output
State of binary output
Table 2: Peripheral Ports
1.2.4
System Information
Item
Description
Firmware Version
Information about the firmware version
Continued on next page
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Continued from previous page
Item
Description
Serial Number
Serial number of the router (in case of N/A is not available)
Profile
Current profile – standard or alternative profiles (profiles are used
for example to switch between different modes of operation)
Supply Voltage
Supply voltage of the router
Temperature
Temperature in the router
Time
Current date and time
Uptime
Time indicating how long the router is used
Table 3: System Information
1.3
Mobile WAN status
This item is not available for industrial router XR5i v2.
The Mobile WAN menu item contains current information about connections to the mobile
network. The first part of this page (Mobile Network Information) displays basic information
about mobile network in which the router is operated. There is also information about the
module, which is mounted in the router.
Item
Description
Registration
State of the network registration
Operator
Specifies the operator in whose network the router is operated
Technology
Transmission technology
PLMN
Code of operator
Cell
Cell to which the router is connected
LAC
Location Area Code – unique number assigned to each location area
Channel
Channel on which the router communicates
Signal Strength
Signal strength of the selected cell
Neighbours
Signal quality of neighboring hearing cells
Manufacturer
Module manufacturer
Model
Type of module
Revision
Revision of module
IMEI
IMEI number of module
Table 4: Mobile Network Information
Highlighted in red adjacent cells have a close signal quality, which means that there is
imminence of frequent switching between the current and the highlighted cell.
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The next section of this window displays information about the quality of the connection in
each period.
Period
Description
Today
Today from 0:00 to 23:59
Yesterday
Yesterday from 0:00 to 23:59
This week
This week from Monday 0:00 to Sunday 23:59
Last week
Last week from Monday 0:00 to Sunday 23:59
This period
This accounting period
Last period
Last accounting period
Table 5: Description of period
Item
Description
Signal Min
Minimal signal strength
Signal Avg
Average signal strength
Signal Max
Maximal signal strength
Cells
Number of switch between cells
Availability
Availability of the router via the mobile network (expressed as a percentage)
Table 6: Mobile Network Statistics
Tips for Mobile Network Statistics table:
• Availability of connection to mobile network is information expressed as a percentage
that is calculated by the ratio of time when connection to mobile network is established
to the time when the router is turned on.
• After you place your cursor on the maximum or minimum signal strength, the last time
when the router reached this signal strength is displayed.
In the middle part of this page is displayed information about transferred data and number
of connections for both SIM card (for each period).
Item
Description
RX data
Total volume of received data
TX data
Total volume of sent data
Connections
Number of connection to mobile network establishment
Table 7: Traffic statistics
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The last part (Mobile Network Connection Log) informs about the mobile network connection and problems in establishment.
Figure 2: Mobile WAN status
1.4
Network status
To view system information about the router operation, select the Network item in the main
menu. The upper part of the window displays detailed information about active interfaces:
Interface
Description
eth0
Networks interface
ppp0
Interface (active connection to GPRS/EDGE)
tun0
OpenVPN tunnel interface
ipsec0
IPSec tunnel interface
gre1
GRE tunnel interface
Table 8: Description of interface in network status
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By each of the interfaces is then shown the following information:
Item
Description
HWaddr
Hardware (unique) address of networks interface
inet
IP address of interface
P-t-P
IP address second ends connection
Bcast
Broadcast address
Mask
Mask of network
MTU
Maximum packet size that the equipment is able to transmit
Metric
Number of routers, over which packet must go trought
RX
• packets – received packets
• errors – number of errors
• dropped – dropped packets
• overruns – incoming packets lost because of overload
• frame – wrong incoming packets because of incorrect packet size
TX
• packets – transmit packets
• errors – number of errors
• dropped – dropped packets
• overruns – outgoing packets lost because of overload
• carrier – wrong outgoing packets with errors resulting from the physical layer
collisions
Number of collisions on physical layer
txqueuelen
Length of front network device
RX bytes
Total number of received bytes
TX bytes
Total number of transmitted bytes
Table 9: Description of information in network status
It is possible to read status of connection to mobile network from the network information.
If the connection to mobile network is active, then it is in the system information shown as a
ppp0 interface.
For industrial router XR5i v2, interface ppp0 indicates PPPoE connection.
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Figure 3: Network status
1.5
DHCP status
Information on the activities of the DHCP server can be accessed by selecting the DHCP
status item.
DHCP status informs about activities DHCP server. The DHCP server provides automatic
configuration of devices connected to the network managed router. DHCP server assigns to
each device’s IP address, netmask, default gateway (IP address of router) and DNS server (IP
address of router).
For each configuration, the DHCP status window displays the following information.
Item
Description
lease
Assigned IP address
starts
Time of assignation of IP address
ends
Time of termination IP address validity
hardware ethernet
Hardware MAC (unique) address
uid
Unique ID
client-hostname
Computer name
Table 10: DHCP status description
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Figure 4: DHCP status
In the extreme, the DHCP status can display two records for one IP address. That could
have been caused by resetting of network cards.
1.6
IPsec status
Information on actual IPsec tunnel state can be called up in option IPsec in the menu.
After correct build the IPsec tunnel, status display IPsec SA established (highlighted in
red) in IPsec status information. Other information is only internal character.
Figure 5: IPsec status
1.7
DynDNS status
DynDNS up – dating entry result on server www.dyndns.org can be called up in option
DynDNS item in the menu.
Figure 6: DynDNS status
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In detecting the status of updates DynDNS record are possible following message:
• DynDNS client is disabled.
• Invalid username or password.
• Specified hostname doesn’t exist.
• Invalid hostname format.
• Hostname exists, but not under specified username.
• No update performed yet.
• DynDNS record is already up to date.
• DynDNS record successfully update.
• DNS error encountered.
• DynDNS server failure.
For correct function DynDNS, SIM card of router must have assigned public IP address.
1.8
System Log
In case of any problems with connection to GPRS it is possible to view the system log by
pressing the System Log menu item. In the window, are displayed detailed reports from individual applications running in the router. Use the Save Log button to save the system log to a
connected computer. The second button – Save Report – is used for creating detailed report
(generates all support needed information in one file).
The Syslog default size is 1000 lines. After reaching 1000 lines create a new file for storing
system log. After completion of the 1000 lines in the second file, the first file is deleted and
creates a new one.
Program syslogd can be started with two options that modifies its behavior. Option "-s"
followed by decimal number set maximal number of lines in one log file. Option "-r" followed
by hostname or IP address enable logging to remote syslog daemon. In the Linux must be
enabled remote logging on the target computer. Typically running syslogd with the parameter
“-r”. On Windows must be installed the syslog server (for example Syslog Watcher). For
starting syslogd with these options you could modify script "/etc/init.d/syslog" or add lines
"killall syslogd" and "syslogd <options> &" into Startup Script.
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Figure 7: System Log
Example of logging into the remote daemon at 192.168.2.115:
Figure 8: Example program syslogd start with the parameter -r
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1.9
LAN configuration
To enter the network configuration, select the LAN menu item. ETH network set in Primary
LAN configuration, expansion PORT ETH set in Secondary LAN configuration.
Item
Description
DHCP Client
• disabled – The router does not allow automatic allocation IP address
from a DHCP server in LAN network.
• enabled – The router allows automatic allocation IP address from a
DHCP server in LAN network.
IP address
Fixed set IP address of network interface ETH.
Subnet Mask
IP address of Subnet Mask.
Bridged
• no – The router is not used as a bridge (default)
• yes – The router is used as a bridge
Media type
• Auto-negation – The router selects the speed of communication
of network options.
• 100 Mbps Full Duplex – The router communicates at 100Mbps, in the
full duplex mode.
• 100 Mbps Half Duplex – The router communicates at 100Mbps,
in the half duplex mode.
• 10 Mbps Full Duplex – The router communicates at 10Mbps, in the
full duplex mode.
• 10 Mbps Half Duplex – The router communicates at 10Mbps, in the
half duplex mode.
Default Gateway
IP address of router default gateway. When entering IP address of
default gateway, all packets for which the record was not found in the
routing table, sent to this address.
DNS server
IP address of DNS server of router. Address where they are forwarded
to all DNS questions on the router.
Table 11: Configuration of network interface
There can be only one active bridge on the router at the moment. Only parameters DHCP
Client, IP address and Subnet Mask can be used to configure bridge. Primary LAN has got
higher priority in this respect when both interfaces (eth0, eth1) are added to the bridge. Other
interfaces (wlan0 – wifi) can be added (or deleted) to (from) existing bridge at any moment.
Moreover, the bridge can be created on demand of such interfaces but not configured by their
respective parameters.
DHCP server assigns IP address, gateway IP address (IP address of the router) and IP
address of the DNS server (IP address of the router) to the connected clients.
DHCP server supports static and dynamic assignment of IP addresses. Dynamic DHCP
server assigns clients IP addresses from a defined address space. Static DHCP assigns IP
addresses that correspond to the MAC addresses of connected clients.
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Item
Description
Enable dynamic
DHCP leases
If this option is checked, dynamic DHCP server is enable.
IP Pool Start
Start IP addresses space to be allocated to the DHCP clients.
IP Pool End
End IP addresses space to be allocated to the DHCP clients.
Lease time
Time in seconds, after which the client can use IP address.
Table 12: Configuration of dynamic DHCP server
Item
Description
Enable static
DHCP leases
If this option is checked, static DHCP server is enable.
MAC Address
MAC address of a DHCP client.
IP Address
Assigned IP address.
Table 13: Configuration of static DHCP server
It is important not to overlap ranges of static allocated IP address with address allocated
by the dynamic DHCP. Then risk collision of IP addresses and incorrect function of network.
Example of the network interface with dynamic DHCP server:
• The range of dynamic allocated addresses from 192.168.1.2 to 192.168.1.4.
• The address is allocated 600 second (10 minutes).
Figure 9: Topology of example LAN configuration 1
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Figure 10: Example LAN configuration 1
Example of the network interface with dynamic and static DHCP server:
• The range of allocated addresses from 192.168.1.2 to 192.168.1.4.
• The address is allocated 10 minutes.
• Client’s with MAC address 01:23:45:67:89:ab has IP address 192.168.1.10.
• Client’s with MAC address 01:54:68:18:ba:7e has IP address 192.168.1.11.
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Figure 11: Topology of example LAN configuration 2
Figure 12: Example LAN configuration 2
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Example of the network interface with default gateway and DNS server:
• Default gateway IP address is 192.168.1.20
• DNS server IP address is 192.168.1.20
Figure 13: Topology of example LAN configuration 3
Figure 14: Example LAN configuration 3
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1.10 VRRP configuration
To enter the VRRP configuration select the VRRP menu item. VRRP protocol (Virtual
Router Redundancy Protocol) is a technique, by which it is possible to forward routing from
main router to backup router in the case of the main router failure. If the Enable VRRP is
checked, then it is possible to set the following parameters.
Item
Description
Virtual Server IP Address
This parameter sets virtual server IP address. This address
should be the same for both routers. A connected device
sends its data via this virtual address.
Virtual Server ID
Parameter Virtual Server ID distinguishes one virtual router
on the network from others. Main and backup routers must
use the same value for this parameter.
Host Priority
The router, with higher priority set by the parameter Host
Priority, is the main router. According to RFC 2338 the main
router has the highest possible priority - 255. The backup
router has priority in range 1 – 254 (init value is 100). The
priority value equals 0 is not allowed.
Table 14: VRRP configuration
It is possible to set Check connection flag in the second part of the window. The currently
active router (main/backup) will send testing messages to defined Ping IP Address at periodic
time intervals (Ping Interval) with setting time of waiting for answer (Ping Timeout). The function check connection is used as a supplement of VRRP standard with the same final result.
If there are no answers from remote devices (Ping IP Address) for a defined number of probes
(Ping Probes), then connection is switched to the other line.
Item
Description
Ping IP Address
Destinations IP address ping queries. Address can not specify as
domain name.
Ping Interval
Time intervals between the outgoing pings.
Ping Timeout
Time to wait to answer.
Ping Probes
Number of failed ping requests, after which the route is considered
to be impassable.
Table 15: Check connection
Ping IP address is possible to use for example a DNS server of mobile operator as a test
message (ping) IP address.
There’s an additional way for evaluating the state of the active line. It is activated by selecting Enable traffic monitoring parameter. If this parameter is set and any packet different from
ping is sent to the monitored line, then any answer to this packet is expected for Ping Timeout.
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If Ping Timeout expires with no answer received then process of testing the active line continues the same way like in the case of standard testing process after first test message answer
drops out.
Example of the VRRP protocol:
Figure 15: Topology of example VRRP configuration
Figure 16: Example VRRP configuration — main router
Figure 17: Example VRRP configuration -– backup router
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1.11 Mobile WAN configuration
This item is not available for industrial router XR5i v2.
The form for configuration of a connection to the mobile network can be invoked by selecting the Mobile WAN item in the main menu of the router web interface.
1.11.1
Connection to mobile network
If the Create connection to mobile network item is selected, the router automatically tries
to establish connection after switching-on.
Item
Description
Carrier
Defines carrier and used transmission technology
APN
Network identifier (Access Point Name)
Username
User name to log into the GSM network
Password
Password to log into the GSM network
Authentication
Authentication protocol in GSM network:
• PAP or CHAP – Router is chosen one of the authentication methods.
• PAP – It is used PAP authentication method.
• CHAP – It is used CHAP authentication method.
IP Address
IP address of SIM card. The user sets the IP address, only in the case
IP address was assigned of the operator.
Phone Number
Telephone number to dial GPRS or CSD connection. Router as a default telephone number used *99***1 #.
Operator
This item can be defined PLNM preferred carrier code
Network type
• Automatic selection – Router automatically selects a specific transmission method according to the availability of transmission technology.
• Furthermore, according to the type of router – it is also possible to
select a specific method of data transmission (GPRS, UMTS, . . . ).
PIN
PIN parameter should be set only if it requires a SIM card router. SIM
card is blocked in case of several bad attempts to enter the PIN.
MRU
Maximum Receiving Unit – It’s an identifier of maximum size of packet,
which is possible to receive in a given environment. Default value is
1500 B. Other settings may cause incorrect transmission of data.
MTU
Maximum Transmission Unit – It’s an identifier of max. size of packet,
which is possible to transfer in a given environment. Default value is
1500 B. Other settings may cause incorrect transmission of data.
Table 16: Mobile WAN connection configuration
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Tips for working with the Mobile WAN configuration form:
• If the IP address field is not filled in, the operator automatically assigns the IP address
when it is establishing the connection. If filled IP address supplied by the operator, router
accelerate access to the network.
• If the APN field is not filled in, the router automatically selects the APN by the IMSI code
of the SIM card. If the PLMN (operator number format) is not in the list of APN, then
default APN is "internet". The mobile operator defines APN.
ATTENTION:
• If only one SIM card is plugged in the router, router switches between the APN.
Router with two SIM cards switches between SIM cards.
• Correct PIN must be filled. For SIM cards with two APN’s there will be the same
PIN for both APN‘s. Otherwise the SIM card can be blocked by false SIM PIN.
Items marked with an asterisk must be filled in only if this information is required by the operator (carrier).
In case of unsuccessful establishing a connection to mobile network is recommended to
check the accuracy of entered data. Alternatively, try a different authentication method or
network type.
1.11.2
DNS address configuration
The choice Get DNS address from operator is given for easier configuration on client side.
If this field is filled in, then the router tries to get an IP address of primary and secondary DNS
server from the operator automatically.
1.11.3
Check connection to mobile network configuration
If the Check connection to mobile network option is selected, it has active control of connection to mobile network. The router will automatically send the ping question to the selected
domain name or IP address in periodic time intervals. If the PING failed, new ping be sent
immediately. After three unsuccessfully pings on appropriate IP address the router terminates
connection and tries to establish a new connection. It is possible to use, for example, the DNS
server of a mobile operator as the ping IP address.
Item
Description
Ping IP Address
Destinations IP address or domain name of ping queries.
Ping Interval
Time intervals between the outgoing pings.
Table 17: Check connection to mobile network configuration
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If the Enable Traffic Monitoring option is selected, then the router stops sending ping questions to the Ping IP Address and it will watch traffic in connection to mobile network. If this
connection is without traffic longer than the Ping Interval, then the router sends ping questions
to the Ping IP Address.
Attention! We recommend checking the Check connection to mobile network in case
of uninterrupted running.
1.11.4
Data limit configuration
Item
Description
Data limit
With this parameter you can set the maximum expected amount
of data transmitted (sent and received) over GPRS in one billing
period (month).
Warning Threshold
Parameter Warning Threshold determine per cent of Data Limit
in the range of 50% to 99%, which if is exceeded, then the router
sends SMS in the form Router has exceeded (value of Warning
Threshold) of data limit.
Accounting Start
Parameter sets the day of the month in which the billing cycle
starts SIM card used. Start of the billing period defines the operator, which gives the SIM card. The router begin to count the
transferred data since that day.
Table 18: Data limit configuration
If parameters Switch to backup SIM card when data limit is exceeded and switch to default
SIM card when data limit isn’t exceeded (see next subsection) or Send SMS when datalimit is
exceeded (see SMS configuration) are not selected the data limit will not count.
1.11.5
Switch between SIM cards configuration
At the bottom of configuration it is possible to set rules for switching between two APN’s
on the SIM card, in the event that one SIM card is inserted or between two SIM cards, in the
event that two SIM cards are inserted.
Item
Description
Default SIM card
This parameter sets default APN or SIM card, from which it will try
to establish the connection to mobile network. If this parameter is
set to none, the router launches in offline mode and it is necessary
to establish connection to mobile network via SMS message.
Backup SIM card
Defines backup APN or SIM card, that the router will switch
the defining one of the following rules.
Table 19: Default and backup SIM configuration
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If parameter Backup SIM card is set to none, then parameters Switch to other SIM card
when connection fails, Switch to backup SIM card when roaming is detected and switch to
default SIM card when home network is detected and Switch to backup SIM card when data
limit is exceeded and switch to default SIM card when data limit isn’t exceeded switch the
router to off-line mode.
Item
Description
Switch to other SIM card when
connection fails
If connection to mobile network fails, then this parameter ensures switch to secondary SIM card or secondary APN of the SIM card. Failure of the connection
to mobile network can occur in two ways. When I start
the router, when three fails to establish a connection
to mobile network. Or if it is checked Check the connection to mobile network, and is indicated by the loss
of a connection to mobile network.
Switch to backup SIM card when
roaming is detected and switch
to default SIM card when home
network is detected
In case that the roaming is detected this parameter enables switching to secondary SIM card or secondary
APN of the SIM. If home network is detected, this parameter enables switching back to default SIM card.
Switch to backup SIM card when
data limit is exceeded and switch
to default SIM card when data
limit isn’t exceeded
This parameter enables switching to secondary SIM
card or secondary APN of the SIM card, when the data
limit of default APN is exceeded. This parameter also
enables switching back to default SIM card, when data
limit is not exceeded.
Switch to backup SIM card when
binary input is active switch to
default SIM card when binary input isn’t active
This parameter enables switching to secondary SIM
card or secondary APN of the SIM card, when binary
input ‘bin0’ is active. If binary input isn’t active, this
parameter enables switching back to default SIM card.
Switch to default SIM card after
timeout
This parameter defines the method, how the router will
try to switch back to default SIM card or default APN.
Table 20: Switch between SIM card configurations
The following parameters define the time after which the router attempts to go back to the
default SIM card or APN.
Item
Description
Initial timeout
The first attempt to switch back to the primary SIM card or APN
shall be made for the time defined in the parameter Initial Timeout, range of this parameter is from 1 to 10000 minutes.
Continued on next page
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Continued from previous page
Item
Description
Subsequent Timeout
In an unsuccessful attempt to switch to default SIM card, the
router on the second attempt to try for the time defined in the
parameter Subsequent Timeout, range is from 1 to 10000 min.
Additive constants
Any further attempt to switch back to the primary SIM card or APN
shall be made in time computed as the sum of the previous time
trial and time defined in the parameter Additive constants range
is 1-10000 minutes.
Table 21: Switch between SIM card configurations
Example:
If parameter Switch to default SIM card after timeout is checked and parameters are set as
follows: Initial Timeout – 60 min, Subsequent Timeout 30 min and Additive Timeout – 20 min,
the first attempt to switch the primary SIM card or APN shall be carried out after 60 minutes.
Switched to a failed second attempt made after 30 minutes. Third after 50 minutes (30+20).
Fourth after 70 minutes (30+20+20).
1.11.6
Dial-In access configuration
Dial-In access configuration is supported only for these routers: ER75i, UR5, ER75i v2
and UR5 v2.
In the bottom part of the window it is possible to define access over CSD connection by
Enable Dial-In Access function. Access can be secured by used the Username and Password. In the event that this function is enabled and the router does not have a connection to
mobile network is granted access to the router via dial-up connections CSD. The router waits
2 minutes to accept connections. If the router during this time nobody logs on, the router will
try again to establish a GPRS connection.
Item
Description
Username
User name for secured Dial-In access.
Password
Password for secured Dial-In access.
Table 22: Dial-In access configuration
1.11.7
PPPoE bridge mode configuration
If the Enable PPPoE bridge mode option selected, it activate the PPPoE bridge protocol
PPPoE (point-to-point over ethernet) is a network protocol for encapsulating Point-to-Point
Protocol (PPP) frames inside Ethernet frames. Allows you to create a PPPoE connection from
the device behind router. For example from PC which is connected to ETH port router. There
will be allot Ip address of SIM card to PC.
The changes in settings will apply after pressing the Apply button.
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Figure 18: Mobile WAN configuration
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The figure below describes the situation, when the connection to mobile network is controlled on the address 8.8.8.8 in the time interval of 60 s for primary SIM card and on the
address www.google.com in the time interval 80 s for secondary SIM card. In the case of
traffic on the router the control pings are not sent, but the traffic is monitored.
Figure 19: Example of Mobile WAN configuration 1
he following configuration illustrates the situation in which the router switches to a backup
SIM card after exceeding the data limits of 800 MB. Warning SMS is sent upon reaching
400 MB. The start of accounting period is set to the 18th day of the month.
Figure 20: Example of Mobile WAN configuration 2
Primary SIM card is switched to the offline mode after the router detects roaming. The first
attempt to switch back to the default SIM card is executed after 60 minutes, the second after
40 minutes, the third after 50 minutes (40+10) etc.
Figure 21: Example of Mobile WAN configuration 3
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1.12 Backup Routes
Using the configuration form on the Backup Routes page can be set backing up primary
connection by other connections to internet/mobile network. For each back up connection can
be defined a priority. Own switching is done based on set priorities and state of the connection
(for Primary LAN and Secondary LAN).
It is necessary to check the Enable backup routes switching item to enable switching. The
check box at the beginning of each section of back up connection allows you to switch to the
corresponding type of connection (there are these check boxes: Enable backup routes switching for Mobile WAN, Enable backup routes switching for Primary LAN and Enable backup
routes switching for Secondary LAN).
Item
Description
Priority
Priority for the type of connection
Ping IP Address
Destination IP address of ping queries to check the connection
(address can not be specified as a domain name)
Ping Interval
The time intervals between sent ping queries
Table 23: Backup Routes
All changes in settings will be applied after pressing the Apply button.
Figure 22: Backup Routes
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1.13 PPPoE Configuration
The PPPoE Configuration item is available only for the industrial router XR5i v2.
PPPoE for industrial router works in client mode. Router using connection to the PPPoE
server or PPPoE bridge (for example ADSL modem).
To enter the PPPoE configuration select the PPPoE menu item. If the Create PPPoE connection option is selected, the router tries to establish PPPoE connection after switching-on.
PPPoE (Point-to-Point over Ethernet) is a network protocol, which PPP frames encapsulating to the Ethernet frames. PPPoE client to connect devices that support PPPoE bridge or
a server (typically ADSL router). After connecting the router obtains the IP address of the
device to which it is connected. All communications from the device behind the PPPoE server
is forwarded to industrial router.
Item
Description
Username
Username for secure access to PPPoE
Password
Password for secure access to PPPoE
Authentication
Authentication protocol in GSM network
• PAP or CHAP – Router is chosen one of the authentication methods.
• PAP – It is used PAP authentication method.
• CHAP – It is used CHAP authentication method.
MRU
(Maximum Receiving Unit) – it is the identifier of the maximum size
of packet, which is possible to recese in given environment. Default
value is set to 1492 bytes. Other settings may cause incorrect data
transmission.
MTU
(Maximum Transmission Unit) – it is the identifier of the maximum size
of packet, which is possible to transfer in given environment. Default
value is set to 1492 bytes. Other settings may cause incorrect data
transmission.
Table 24: PPPoE configuration
Figure 23: PPPoE configuration
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1.14 Firewall configuration
By the help of a firewall it is possible to set IP addresses from which are possible to remotely access the router and internal network connected behind a router. The choice Allow
remote access only from specified hosts is given for easier configuration of hosts. In this firewall configuration it is possible to set up to four remote accesses by the help of Source, Source
IP Address, Protocol and Target Port.
Item
Description
Source
• single address – access allowed a single IP address defined
in the Source IP Address,
• any address – allowed access to any IP address.
Source IP address
IP address from which it is allowed to access the router.
Source Protocol
Specify protocol for remote access:
• all – access is allowed by all,
• TCP – access is allowed by TCP,
• UDP – access is allowed by UDP,
• ICMP – access is allowed by ICMP.
Target Port
The port number on which it is allowed to access the router.
Table 25: Firewall configuration
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Example of the firewall configuration:
The router has allowed the following access:
• from address 171.92.5.45 using any protocol
• from address 10.0.2.123 using TCP protocol on any ports
• from address 142.2.26.54 using ICMP protocol
Figure 24: Topology of example firewall configuration
Figure 25: Example firewall configuration
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1.15 NAT configuration
To enter the Network Address Translation configuration, select the NAT menu item. NAT
(Network address Translation / Port address Translation - PAT) is a method of adjusting the network traffic through the router default transcript and/or destination IP addresses often change
the number of TCP/UDP port for walk-through IP packets. The window contains sixteen entries
for the definition of NAT rules.
Item
Description
Public Port
Public port
Private Port
Private port
Type
Protocol selection
Server IP address
IP address which will be forwarded incoming data
Table 26: NAT configuration
If necessary set more than sixteen rules for NAT rules, then is possible insert into start up
script following script:
iptables -t nat -A napt -p tcp --dport [PORT\_PUBLIC] -j DNAT --to-destination
[IPADDR]:[PORT1\_PRIVATE]
Concrete IP address [IPADDR] and ports numbers [PORT_PUBLIC] and [PORT_PRIVATE]
are filled up into square bracket.
The following items are used to set the routing of all incoming traffic from the PPP to the
connected computer.
Item
Description
Send all remaining incoming
packets to default server
By checking this item and setting the Default Server item
it is possible to put the router into the mode in which all
incoming data from GPRS will be routed to the computer
with the defined IP address.
Default Server IP Address
Send all incoming packets to this IP addresses.
Table 27: Configuration of send all incoming packets
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Enable the following options and enter the port number is allowed remote access to the router from PPP interface.
Item
Description
Enable remote HTTP access on port
If this item field and port number is filled in, then
configuration of the router over web interface is
possible (disabled in default configuration).
Enable remote HTTPS access on port
If this item field and port number is filled in, then
configuration of the router over web interface is
possible (disabled in default configuration).
Enable remote FTP access on port
Choice this item and port number makes it possible to access over FTP (disabled in default
configuration).
Enable remote SSH access on port
Choice this item and port number makes it possible to access over SSH (disabled in default
configuration).
Enable remote Telnet access on port
Choice this item and port number makes it possible to access over Telnet (disabled in default
configuration).
Enable remote SNMP access on port
Choice this item and port number makes it possible to access to SNMP agent.
Masquerade outgoing packets
Choice Masquerade (alternative name for the
NAT system) item option turns the system address translation NAT.
Table 28: Remote access configuration
Example of the configuration with one connection equipment on the router:
Figure 26: Topology of example NAT configuration 1
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Figure 27: Example NAT configuration 1
In these configurations it is important to have marked choice of Send all remaining incoming packets it default server, IP address in this case is the address of the device behind the
router. Connected equipment behind the router must have set Default Gateway on the router.
Connected device replies, while PING on IP address of SIM card.
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Example of the configuration with more connected equipment:
Figure 28: Topology of example NAT configuration 2
Figure 29: Example NAT configuration 2
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In this configuration equipment wired behind the router defines the address Server IP Address. The router replies, while PING on address of SIM card. Access on web interface of the
equipment behind the router is possible by the help of Port Forwarding, when behind IP address of SIM is indicating public port of equipment on which we want to come up. At demand
on port 80 it is surveyed singles outer ports (Public port), there this port isn’t defined, therefore
at check selection Enable remote http access it automatically opens the web interface router.
If this choice isn’t selected and is selected volition Send all remaining incoming packets to the
default server fulfill oneself connection on induction IP address. If it is not selected selection
Send all remaining incoming packets to default server and Default server IP address then
connection requests a failure.
1.16
OpenVPN tunnel configuration
OpenVPN tunnel configuration can be called up by option OpenVPN item in the menu.
OpenVPN tunnel allows protected connection of two networks LAN to the one which looks like
one homogenous. In the OpenVPN Tunnels Configuration window are two rows, each row for
one configured OpenVPN tunnel.
Item
Description
Create
This item enables the individual tunnels.
Description
This item displays the name of the tunnel specified in the configuration
of the tunnel.
Edit
Configuration OpenVPN tunnel.
Table 29: Overview OpenVPN tunnels
Figure 30: OpenVPN tunnels configuration
Item
Description
Description
Description of tunnel.
Protocol
Protocol, by which the tunnel will communicate.
• UDP – OpenVPN will communicate using UDP.
• TCP server – OpenVPN will communicate using TCP in server
mode.
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Continued from previous page
Item
Description
• TCP client – OpenVPN will communicate using TCP in client
mode.
UDP/TCP port
Port, by which the tunnel will communicate.
Remote IP Address
IP address of the opposite side of the tunnel. Can be used domain name.
Remote Subnet
Network IP address of the opposite side of the tunnel.
Remote Subnet Mask
Subnet mask of the opposite side of the tunnel.
Redirect Gateway
By this parameter is possible to redirect all traffic on Ethernet.
Local Interface IP
Address
IP address of the local side of tunnel.
Remote Interface
IP Address
IP address of interface local side of tunnel.
Ping Interval
This parameter defines the time period after which router sends
a message to opposite side of tunnel, for check the existence of
the tunnel.
Ping Timeout
Ping Timeout waits on message from off-side tunnel. For OpenVPN tunnel right verifies parameter Ping Timeout has to be bigger than Ping Interval.
Renegotiate Interval
Sets renegotiate period (reauthorization) of the OpenVPN tunnel.
This parameter is possible to set only at username/password authentication or at X.509 certificate using. After this time period,
the router changes the encryption tunnel to ensure the continued
safety of the tunnel.
Max Fragment Size
By parameter Max Fragment Size it is possible to define maximum sending packet size.
Compression
Sending data is possible compress
• none – No compression is used.
• LZO – Are used lossless LZO compressions. Compression has
to be on both tunnel ends.
NAT Rules
By parameter NAT Rules it is possible to apply set NAT rules
to OpenVPN tunnel.
• not applied – NAT rules to OpenVPN is not applied.
• applied – NAT rules to OpenVPN is applied.
Authenticate Mode
This parameter can be set authentication mode.
• none – is used any authentication mode
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Continued from previous page
Item
Description
• Pre-shared secret – enables authentication using Pre-shared
secret. This authentication set shared key for both off-side tunnel
• Username/password – enables authentication using CA Certificate, Username and Password
• X.509 Certificate (multiclient) – enables authentication by CA
Certificate, Local Certificate and Local Private Key
• X.509 Certificate (client) – enables authentication by CA Certificate, Local Certificate and Local Private Key
• X.509 Certificate (server) - enables authentication by CA Certificate, Local Certificate and Local Private Key
Pre-shared Secret
Authentication using Pre-shared secret can be used in all offered
authentication mode.
CA Certificate
This authentication certificate can be used in authentication
mode Username/password and X.509 certificate.
DH Parameters
Protocol for exchange key DH parameters can be used in authentication mode X.509 server.
Local Certificate
This authentication certificate can be used in authentication
mode X.509 certificate.
Local Private Key
Local private key can be used in authentication mode X.509 certificate.
Username
Authentication using a login name and password authentication
can be used in the Authenticate Mode Username/Password.
Password
Authentication using a login name and password authentication
can be used in the Authenticate Mode Username/Password.
Extra Options
By the help of parameter Extra Options it is possible to define additional parameters of the OpenVPN tunnel, for example DHCP
options etc.
Table 30: OpenVPN tunnels configuration
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The changes in settings will apply after pressing the Apply button.
Figure 31: OpenVPN tunnel configuration
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Example of the OpenVPN tunnel configuration:
Figure 32: Topology of example OpenVPN configuration
OpenVPN tunnel configuration:
Configuration
A
B
Protocol
UDP
UDP
UDP Port
1194
1194
Remote IP Address
10.0.0.2
10.0.0.1
Remote Subnet
192.168.2.0
192.168.1.0
Remote Subnet Mask
255.255.255.0
255.255.255.0
Local Interface IP Address
19.16.1.0
19.16.2.0
Remote Interface IP Address
19.16.2.0
19.18.1.0
Compression
LZO
LZO
Authenticate mode
none
none
Table 31: Example OpenVPN configuration
Examples of different options for configuration and authentication of OpenVPN can be
found in the configuration manual OpenVPN tunnel.
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1.17 IPSec tunnel configuration
IPsec tunnel configuration can be called up by option IPsec item in the menu. IPsec tunnel
allows protected (encrypted) connection of two networks LAN to the one which looks like one
homogenous. In the IPsec Tunnels Configuration window are four rows, each row for one
configured one IPSec tunnel.
Item
Description
Create
This item enables the individual tunnels.
Description
This item displays the name of the tunnel specified in the configuration of the tunnel.
Edit
Configuration IPsec tunnel.
Table 32: Overview IPsec tunnels
Figure 33: IPsec tunnels configuration
Item
Description
Description
Description of tunnel.
Remote IP Address
IP address of opposite side tunnel. Can be used domain main.
Remote ID
Identification of opposite side tunnel. Parameters ID contain two
parts: hostname and domain-name.
Remote Subnet
Address nets behind off – side tunnel
Remote Subnet Mask
Subnet mask behind off – side tunnel
Local ID
Identification of local side. Parameters ID contain two parts:
hostname and domain-name.
Local Subnet
Local subnet address
Local subnet mask
Local subnet mask
Encapsulation Mode
IPsec mode – you can choose tunnel or transport
NAT traversal
If address translation between two end points of the IPsec tunnel
is used, it needs to allow NAT Traversal
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Continued from previous page
Item
Description
IKE Mode
Defines mode for establishing connection (main or aggressive).
If the aggressive mode is selected, establishing of IPsec tunnel
will be faster, but encryption will set permanently on 3DES-MD5.
IKE Algorithm
Way of algorithm selection:
• auto – encryption and hash alg. are selected automatically
• manual – encryption and hash alg. are defined by the user
IKE Encryption
Encryption algorithm – 3DES, AES128, AES192, AES256
IKE Hash
Hash algorithm – MD5 or SHA1
IKE DH Group
Diffie-Hellman groups determine the strength of the key used in
the key exchange process. Higher group numbers are more secure, but require additional time to compute the key. Group with
higher number provides more security, but requires more processing time.
ESP Algorithm
Way of algorithm selection:
• auto – encryption and hash alg. are selected automatically
• manual – encryption and hash alg. are defined by the user
ESP Encryption
Encryption algorithm – DES, 3DES, AES128, AES192, AES256
ESP Hash
Hash algorithm – MD5 or SHA1
PFS
Ensures that derived session keys are not compromised if one of
the private keys is compromised in the future
PFS DH Group
Diffie-Hellman group number (see IKE DH Group)
Key Lifetime
Lifetime key data part of tunnel. The minimum value of this parameter is 60s. The maximum value is 86400 s.
IKE Lifetime
Lifetime key service part of tunnel. The minimum value of this
parameter is 60s. The maximum value is 86400 s.
Rekey Margin
Specifies how long before connection expiry should attempt
to negotiate a replacement begin. The maximum value must be
less than half the parameters IKE and Key Lifetime.
Rekey Fuzz
Specifies the maximum percentage by which should be randomly
increased to randomize re-keying intervals
DPD Delay
Defines time after which is made IPsec tunnel verification
DPD Timeout
By parameter DPD Timeout is set timeout of the answer
Authenticate Mode
By this parameter can be set authentication:
• Pre-shared key – shared key for both off-side tunnel.
• X.509 Certificate – allows X.509 certification in multiclient mode
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Continued from previous page
Item
Description
Pre-shared Key
Sharable key for both parties tunnel.
CA Certificate
This certificate is necessary to insert Authentication mode x.509.
Remote Certificate
This certificate is necessary to insert Authentication mode x.509.
Local Certificate
This certificate is necessary to insert Authentication mode x.509.
Local Private Key
This private key is necessary to insert Authentication mode
x.509.
Local Passphrase
This Local Passphrase is necessary to insert Authentication
mode x.509.
Extra Options
Use this parameter to define additional parameters of the IPsec
tunnel, for example secure parameters etc.
Table 33: OpenVPN tunnels configuration
The certificates and private keys have to be in PEM format. As certificate it is possible to
use only certificate which has start and stop tag certificate.
Random time, after which it will re-exchange of new keys are defined:
Lifetime - (Rekey margin + random value in range (from 0 to Rekey margin * Rekey Fuzz/100))
By default, the repeated exchange of keys held in the time range:
• Minimal time: 1h - (9m + 9m) = 42m
• Maximal time: 1h - (9m + 0m) = 51m
When setting the times for key exchange is recommended to leave the default setting in
which tunnel has guaranteed security. When set higher time, tunnel has smaller operating
costs and smaller the safety. Conversely, reducing the time, tunnel has higher operating costs
and higher safety of the tunnel.
The changes in settings will apply after pressing the Apply button.
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Figure 34: IPsec tunnels configuration
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Example of the IPSec Tunnel configuration:
Figure 35: Topology of example IPsec configuration
IPsec tunnel configuration:
Configuration
A
B
Remote IP Address
10.0.0.2
10.0.0.1
Remote Subnet
192.168.2.0
192.168.1.0
Remote Subnet Mask
255.255.255.0
255.255.255.0
Local Subnet
192.168.1.0
192.168.2.0
Local Subnet Mas:
255.255.255.0
255.255.255.0
Authenticate mode
pre-shared key
pre-shared key
Pre-shared key
test
test
Table 34: Example IPsec configuration
Examples of different options for configuration and authentication of IPsec can be found in
the configuration manual IPsec tunnel.
1.18
GRE tunnels configuration
To enter the GRE tunnels configuration, select the GRE menu item. The GRE tunnel is
used for connection of two networks to one that appears as one homogenous. It is possible
to configure up to four GRE tunnels. In the GRE Tunnels Configuration window are four rows,
each row for one configured GRE tunnel.
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Item
Description
Create
Enables the individual tunnels.
Description
Displays the name of the tunnel specified in the configuration of the tunnel.
Edit
Configuration GRE tunnel.
Table 35: Overview GRE tunnels
Figure 36: GRE tunnels configuration
Item
Description
Description
Description of tunnel.
Remote IP Address
IP address of the remote side of the tunnel
Local Interface IP
Address
IP address of the local side of the tunnel
Remote Interface IP
Address
IP address of the remote side of the tunnel
Remote Subnet
IP address of the network behind the remote side of the tunnel
Remote Subnet Mask
Mask of the network behind the remote side of the tunnel
Pre-shared Key
An optional value that defines the 32 bit shared key, through
which the filtered data through the tunnel. This key must be defined on both routers as same, otherwise the router will drop received packets. Using this key, the data do not provide a tunnel
through.
Table 36: GRE tunnel configuration
Attention, GRE tunnel doesn’t connect itself via NAT.
The changes in settings will apply after pressing the Apply button.
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Figure 37: GRE tunnel configuration
Example of the GRE Tunnel configuration:
Figure 38: Topology of GRE tunnel configuration
GRE tunnel Configuration:
Configuration
A
B
Remote IP Address
10.0.0.2
10.0.0.1
Remote Subnet
192.168.2.0
192.168.1.0
Remote Subnet Mask
255.255.255.0
255.255.255.0
Table 37: Example GRE tunnel configuration
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1.19 L2TP tunnel configuration
To enter the L2TP tunnels configuration, select the L2TP menu item. L2TP tunnel allows
protected connection by password of two networks LAN to the one which it looks like one
homogenous. The tunnels are active after selecting Create L2TP tunnel.
Item
Description
Mode
L2TP tunnel mode on the router side:
• L2TP server – in the case of a server must define the start
and end IP address range offered by the server
• L2TP client – in case of client must define the IP address
of the server
Server IP Address
IP address of server
Client Start IP Address
Start IP address in range, which is offered by server to clients
Client End IP Address
End IP address in range, which is offered by server to clients
Local IP Address
IP address of the local side of the tunnel
Remote IP Address
IP address of the remote side of the tunnel
Remote Subnet
Address of the network behind the remote side of the tunnel
Remote Subnet Mask
The mask of the network behind the remote side of the tunnel
Username
Username for login to L2TP tunnel
Password
Password for login to L2TP tunnel
Table 38: L2TP tunnel configuration
The changes in settings will apply after pressing the Apply button.
Figure 39: L2TP tunnel configuration
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Example of the L2TP Tunnel configuration:
Figure 40: Topology of example L2TP tunnel configuration
Configuration of the L2TP tunnel:
Configuration
A
B
Mode
L2TP Server
L2TP Client
Server IP Address
—
10.0.0.1
Client Start IP Address
192.168.1.2
—
Client End IP Address
192.168.1.254
—
Local IP Address
192.168.1.1
—
Remote IP Address
—
—
Remote Subnet
192.168.2.0
192.168.1.0
Remote Subnet Mask
255.255.255.0
255.255.255.0
Username
username
username
Password
password
password
Table 39: Example L2TP tunel configuration
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1.20 PPTP tunnel configuration
To enter the PPTP tunnels configuration, select the PPTP menu item. PPTP tunnel allows
protected connection by password of two networks LAN to the one which it looks like one
homogenous. It is a similar method of VPN execution as L2TP. The tunnels are active after
selecting Create PPTP tunnel.
Item
Description
Mode
PPTP tunnel mode on the router side:
• PPTP server – in the case of a server must define the start
and end IP address range offered by the server
• PPTP client – in case of client must define the IP address
of the server
Server IP Address
IP address of server
Local IP Address
IP address of the local side of the tunnel
Remote IP Address
IP address of the remote side of the tunnel
Remote Subnet
Address of the network behind the remote side of the tunnel
Remote Subnet Mask
The mask of the network behind the remote side of the tunnel
Username
Username for login to PPTP tunnel
Password
Password for login to PPTP tunnel
Table 40: PPTP tunnel configuration
The changes in settings will apply after pressing the Apply button.
Figure 41: PPTP tunnel configuration
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Example of the PPTP Tunnel configuration:
Figure 42: Topology of example PPTP tunnel configuration
Configuration of the PPTP tunnel:
Configuration
A
B
Mode
PPTP Server
PPTP Client
Server IP Address
—
10.0.0.1
Local IP Address
192.168.1.1
—
Remote IP Address
—
—
Remote Subnet
192.168.2.0
192.168.1.0
Remote Subnet Mask
255.255.255.0
255.255.255.0
Username
username
username
Password
password
password
Table 41: Example PPTP tunel configuration
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1.21 DynDNS client configuration
DynDNS client Configuration can be called up by option DynDNS item in the menu. In the
window can be defined a third order domain registered on server www.dyndns.org.
Item
Description
Hostname
Third order domain registered on server www.dyndns.org
Username
Username for login to DynDNS server
Password
Password for login to DynDNS server
Server
If you want to use another DynDNS service than www.dyndns.org, then
enter the update server service to this item. If this item is left blank, it
uses the default server members.dyndns.org.
Table 42: DynDNS configuration
Example of the DynDNS client configuration with domain conel.dyndns.org:
Figure 43: Example of DynDNS configuration
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1.22 NTP client configuration
NTP client Configuration can be called up by option NTP item in the menu. NTP (Network
Time Protocol) allows set the exact time to the router from the servers, which provide the exact
time on the network.
By parameter Enable local NTP service router is set to a mode in which it operates as an
NTP server for other devices in the LAN behind the router.
By parameter Enable local NTP service it is possible to set the router in mode, that it can
serve as NTP server for other devices.
Item
Description
Primary NTP Server
Address
IP or domain address primary NTP server.
Secondary NTP
Server Address
IP or domain address secondary NTP server.
Timezone
By this parameter it is possible to set the time zone of the router
Daylight Saving Time
By this parameter is possible to define time shift:
• No – time shift is disabled
• Yes – time shift is allowed
Table 43: NTP configuration
Example of the NTP conf. with set primary (ntp.cesnet.cz) and secondary (tik.cesnet.cz)
NTP server and with daylight saving time:
Figure 44: Example of NTP configuration
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1.23 SNMP configuration
To enter the SNMP configuration it is possible with SNMP agent v1/v2 or v3 configuration
which sends information about the router, eventually about the status of the expansion port
CNT or MBUS.
SNMP (Simple Network Management Protocol) provides status information about network
elements such as routers or end computers.
Item
Description
Name
Designation of the router.
Location
Placing of the router.
Contact
Person who manages the router together with information how to contact
this person.
Table 44: SNMP agent configuration
Enabling SNMPv1/v2 is performed using the Enable SNMPv1/v2 access item. It is also
necessary to define a password for access to the SNMP agent (Community).
The Enable SNMPv3 access item allows you to enable SNMPv3. Then you must define
the following parameters:
Item
Description
Username
User name
Authentication
Encryption algorithm on the Authentication Protocol that is
used to ensure the identity of users.
Authentication Password
Password used to generate the key used for authentication.
Privacy
Encryption algorithm on the Privacy Protocol that is used to
ensure confidentiality of data.
Privacy Password
Password for encryption on the Privacy Protocol.
Table 45: SNMPv3 configuration
In addition, you can continue with this configuration:
• By choosing Enable I/O extension it is possible to monitor binary inputs I/O on the router.
• By choosing Enable XC-CNT extension it is possible to monitor the expansion port CNT
inputs and outputs status.
• By choosing Enable M-BUS extension and enter the Baudrate, Parity and Stop Bits it is
possible to monitor the meter status connected to the expansion port MBUS status.
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Item
Description
Baudrate
Communication speed.
Parity
Control parity bit:
• none – Data will be sent without parity.
• even – Data will be sent with even parity.
• odd – Data will be sent with odd parity.
Stop Bits
Number of stop bit.
Table 46: SNMP configuration (MBUS extension)
Parameters Enable XC-CNT extension and Enable M-BUS extension can not be checked
together.
By choosing Enable reporting to supervisory system and enter the IP Address and Period
it is possible to send statistical information to the monitoring system R-SeeNet.
Item
Description
IP Address
IP address
Period
Period of sending statistical information (in minutes)
Table 47: SNMP configuration (R-SeeNet)
Every monitor value is uniquely identified by the help of number identifier OID – Object
Identifier. For binary input and output the following range of OID is used:
OID
Description
.1.3.6.1.4.1.30140.2.3.1.0
Binary input BIN0 (values 0,1)
.1.3.6.1.4.1.30140.2.3.2.0
Binary output OUT0 (values 0,1)
Table 48: Object identifier for binary input and output
For the expansion port CNT the following range of OID is used:
OID
Description
.1.3.6.1.4.1.30140.2.1.1.0
Analogy input AN1 (range 0-4095)
.1.3.6.1.4.1.30140.2.1.2.0
Analogy input AN2 (range 0-4095)
.1.3.6.1.4.1.30140.2.1.3.0
Counter input CNT1 (range 0-4294967295)
.1.3.6.1.4.1.30140.2.1.4.0
Counter input CNT2 (range 0-4294967295)
.1.3.6.1.4.1.30140.2.1.5.0
Binary input BIN1 (values 0,1)
.1.3.6.1.4.1.30140.2.1.6.0
Binary input BIN2 (values 0,1)
.1.3.6.1.4.1.30140.2.1.7.0
Binary input BIN3 (values 0,1)
Continued on next page
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Continued from previous page
OID
Description
.1.3.6.1.4.1.30140.2.1.8.0
Binary input BIN4 (values 0,1)
.1.3.6.1.4.1.30140.2.1.9.0
Binary output OUT1 (values 0,1)
Table 49: Object identifier for CNT port
For the expansion port M-BUS the following range of OID is used:
OID
Description
.1.3.6.1.4.1.30140.2.2.<address>.1.0
IdNumber – meter number
.1.3.6.1.4.1.30140.2.2.<address>.2.0
Manufacturer
.1.3.6.1.4.1.30140.2.2.<address>.3.0
Version – specified meter version
.1.3.6.1.4.1.30140.2.2.<address>.4.0
Medium – type of metered medium
.1.3.6.1.4.1.30140.2.2.<address>.5.0
Status – errors report
.1.3.6.1.4.1.30140.2.2.<address>.6.0
0. VIF – value information field
.1.3.6.1.4.1.30140.2.2.<address>.7.0
0. measured value
.1.3.6.1.4.1.30140.2.2.<address>.8.0
1. VIF – value information field
.1.3.6.1.4.1.30140.2.2.<address>.9.0
1. measured value
.1.3.6.1.4.1.30140.2.2.<address>.10.0
2. VIF – value information field
.1.3.6.1.4.1.30140.2.2.<address>.11.0
2. measured value
.1.3.6.1.4.1.30140.2.2.<address>.12.0
3. VIF – value information field
.1.3.6.1.4.1.30140.2.2.<address>.13.0
..
.
3. measured value
..
.
.1.3.6.1.4.1.30140.2.2.<address>.100.0
47. VIF – value information field
.1.3.6.1.4.1.30140.2.2.<address>.101.0
47. measured value
Table 50: Object identifier for M-BUS port
The meter address can be from range 0..254 when 254 is broadcast.
Since firmware 3.0.4 all v2 routers with board RB-v2-6 and newer provide information
about internal temperature of device (OID 1.3.6.1.4.1.30140.3.3) and power voltage (OID
1.3.6.1.4.1.30140.3.4).
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Example of SNMP settings and readout:
Figure 45: Example of SNMP configuration
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Figure 46: Example of the MIB browser
It is important to set the IP address of the SNMP agent (router) in field Remote SNMP
agent. After enter the IP address is in a MIB tree part is possible show object identifier.
The path to objects is:
iso → org → dod → internet → private → enterprises → conel → protocols
The path to information about router is:
iso → org → dod → internet → mgmt → mib-2 → system
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1.24 SMTP configuration
To enter the SMTP it is possible configure SMTP (Simple Mail Transfer Protocol) client,
which is set by sending emails.
Item
Description
SMTP Server Address
IP or domain address of the mail server.
Username
Name to email account.
Password
Password to email account.
Own Email Address
Address of the sender.
Table 51: SMTP client configuration
Mobile operator can block other SMTP servers, then you can use only the SMTP server of
operator.
Example settings SMTP client:
Figure 47: SMTP configuration
E-mail can be send from the Startup script. This command is used to email with following
parameters.
• -t receiver Email address
• -s subject
• -m message
• -a appendix
• -r number of attempts to send email (default set 2 attempts)
Commands and parameters can be entered only in lowercase.
Example to send email:
email –t name@domain.com –s "subject" –m "message" –a c:\directory\abc.doc –r 5
This command sends e-mail to address jack@google.com with the subject "subject", body
message "message" and annex "abc.doc" right from the directory c:\directory\and 5 attempts
to send.
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1.25 SMS configuration
For industrial router XR5i v2 is not available SMS Configuration item.
SMS Configuration can be called up by option SMS item in the menu. SMS configuration
defines the options for sending SMS messages from the router at different defined events and
states of the router. In the first part of window it configuration send SMS.
Item
Description
Send SMS on power up
Automatic sending of SMS messages after power up.
Send SMS on connect to mobile
network
Automatic sending SMS message after connection to
mobile network.
Send SMS on disconnect to mobile network
Automatic sending SMS message after disconnection
to mobile network.
Send SMS when datalimit
exceeded
Automatic sending SMS message after datalimit exceeded.
Send SMS when binary input on
I/O port (BIN0) is active
Automatic sending SMS message after binary input
on I/O port (BIN0) is active. Text of message is intended parameter BIN0.
Send SMS when binary input on
expansion port (BIN1 – BIN4) is
active
Automatic sending SMS message after binary input
on expansion port (BIN1 – BIN4) is active. Text of
message is intended parameter BIN1 – BIN4.
Add timestamp to SMS
Adds time stamp to sent SMS messages. This stamp
has a fixed format YYYY-MM-DD hh:mm:ss.
Phone Number 1
Telephone numbers for sending automatically generated SMS.
Phone Number 2
Telephone numbers for sending automatically generated SMS.
Phone Number 3
Telephone numbers for sending automatically generated SMS.
Unit ID
The name of the router that will be sent in an SMS.
BIN0 – SMS
SMS text messages when activate the binary input on
the router.
BIN1 – SMS
SMS text messages when activate the binary input
on the expansion port.
BIN2 – SMS
SMS text messages when activate the binary input on
the router.
BIN3 – SMS
SMS text messages when activate the binary input on
the router.
Continued on next page
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Continued from previous page
Item
Description
BIN4 – SMS
SMS text messages when activate the binary input on
the router.
Table 52: Send SMS configuration
In the second part of the window it is possible to set function Enable remote control via
SMS. After this it is possible to establish and close connection by SMS message.
Item
Description
Phone Number 1
This control can be configured for up to three numbers. If is set
Enable remote control via SMS, all incoming SMS are processed
and deleted. In the default settings this parameter is turned on.
Phone Number 2
This control can be configured for up to three numbers. If is set
Enable remote control via SMS, all incoming SMS are processed
and deleted. In the default settings this parameter is turned on.
Phone Number 3
This control can be configured for up to three numbers. If is set
Enable remote control via SMS, all incoming SMS are processed
and deleted. In the default settings this parameter is turned on.
Table 53: Control via SMS configuration
If no phone number is filled in, then it is possible to restart the router with the help of SMS
in the form of Reboot from any phone number. While filling of one, two or three numbers
it is possible to control the router with the help of an SMS sent only from these numbers.
While filling of sign "*" it is possible control the router with the help of an SMS sent from every
numbers.
Control SMS message doesn’t change the router configuration. If the router is switched
to offline mode by the SMS message the router will be in this mode up to next restart. This
behavior is the same for all control SMS messages.
It is possible to send controls SMS in the form:
SMS
Description
go online sim 1
Switch to SIM1 card
go online sim 2
Switch to SIM2 card
go online
Switch router in online mode
go offline
connection termination
set out0=0
Set output I/O connector on 0
set out0=1
Set output I/O connector on 1
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Continued from previous page
SMS
Description
set out1=0
Set output expansion port XC-CNT on 0
set out1=1
Set output expansion port XC-CNT on 1
set profile std
Set standard profile
set profile alt1
Set alternative profile 1
set profile alt2
Set alternative profile 2
set profile alt3
Set alternative profile 3
reboot
Router reboot
get ip
Router send answer with IP address SIM card
Table 54: Control SMS
By choosing Enable AT-SMS protocol on expansion port 1 and Baudrate it is possible
to send/receive an SMS on the serial Port 1.
Item
Description
Baudrate
Communication speed expansion port 1
Table 55: Send SMS on serial PORT1 configuration
By choosing Enable AT-SMS protocol on expansion port 2 and Baudrate it is possible
to send/receive an SMS on the serial Port 2.
Item
Description
Baudrate
Communication speed expansion port 2
Table 56: Send SMS on serial PORT2 configuration
By choosing Enable AT-SMS protocol on TCP port and enter the TCP port it is possible to
send/receive an SMS on the TCP port. SMS messages are sent by the help of a standard AT
commands.
Item
Description
TCP Port
TCP port on which will be allowed to send/receive SMS messages.
Table 57: Send SMS on ethernet PORT1 configuration
1.25.1
Send SMS
After establishing connection with the router via serial interface or Ethernet, it is possible
to use AT commands for work with SMS messages.
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The following table only lists the commands that are supported by Conel’s routers. For
other AT commands is always sent OK response. There is no support for treatment of complex
AT commands, so in such a case router sends ERROR response.
AT Command
Description
AT+CGMI
Returns the manufacturer specific identity
AT+CGMM
Returns the manufacturer specific model identity
AT+CGMR
Returns the manufacturer specific model revision identity
AT+CGPADDR
Displays the IP address of the ppp0 interface
AT+CGSN
Returns the product serial number
AT+CIMI
Returns the International Mobile Subscriber Identity number (IMSI)
AT+CMGD
Deletes a message from the location
AT+CMGF
Sets the presentation format of short messages
AT+CMGL
Lists messages of a certain status from a message storage area
AT+CMGR
Reads a message from a message storage area
AT+CMGS
Sends a short message from the device to entered tel. number
AT+CMGW
Writes a short message to SIM storage
AT+CMSS
Sends a message from SIM storage location value
AT+COPS?
Identifies the available mobile networks
AT+CPIN
Is used to query and enter a PIN code
AT+CPMS
Selects SMS memory storage types, to be used for short message
operations
AT+CREG
Displays network registration status
AT+CSCA
Sets the short message service centre (SMSC) number
AT+CSCS
Selects the character set
AT+CSQ
Returns the signal strength of the registered network
AT+GMI
Returns the manufacturer specific identity
AT+GMM
Returns the manufacturer specific model identity
AT+GMR
Returns the manufacturer specific model revision identity
AT+GSN
Returns the product serial number
ATE
Determines whether or not the device echoes characters
ATI
Transmits the manufacturer specific information about the device
Table 58: List of AT commands
A detailed description and examples of these AT commands can be found in the application
note AT commands.
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After powering up the router, at the mentioned the phone number comes SMS in this form:
Router (Unit ID) has been powered up. Signal strength –xx dBm.
After connect to mobile network, at the mentioned phone number comes SMS in this form:
Router (Unit ID) has established connection to mobile network. IP address xxx.xxx.xxx.xxx
After disconnect to mobile network, at the mentioned phone number comes SMS in this form:
Router (Unit ID) has lost connection to mobile network. IP address xxx.xxx.xxx.xxx
Configuration of sending this SMS is following:
Figure 48: Example of SMS configuration 1
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Example of the router configuration for SMS sending via serial interface on the PORT1:
Figure 49: Example of SMS configuration 2
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Example of the router configuration for controlling via SMS from every phone numbers:
Figure 50: Example of SMS configuration 3
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Example of the router configuration for controlling via SMS from two phone numbers:
Figure 51: Example of SMS configuration 4
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1.26 Expansion port configuration
Configuring of the expansion ports PORT1 and PORT2 can cause selecting Expansion
Port 1 or Expansion Port 2.
Item
Description
Baudrate
Applied communication speed.
Data Bits
Number of data bits.
Parity
Control parity bit
• none – Will be sent without parity.
• even – Will be sent with even parity.
• odd – Will be sent with odd parity.
Stop Bits
Number of stop bit.
Split Timeout
Time to rupture reports. If you receive will identify the gap between two
characters, which is longer than the parameter value in milliseconds.
Then all of the received data compiled and sent the message.
Protocol
Protocol:
• TCP – communication using a linked protocol TCP
• UDP – communication using a unlinked protocol UDP
Mode
Mode of connection:
• TCP server – The router will listen to incoming requests about TCP
connection.
• TCP client – The router will connect to a TCP server on the specified
IP address and TCP port.
Server Address
In mode TCP client it is necessary to enter the Server address and
final TCP port.
TCP Port
In both modes of connection is necessary to specify the TCP port on
which the router will communicate TCP connections.
Table 59: Expansion PORT configuration 1
After check Check TCP connection, it activates established of TCP connection.
Item
Description
Keepalive Time
Time, after which it will carry out verification of the connection
Keepalive Interval
Waiting time on answer
Keepalive Probes
Number of tests
Table 60: Expansion PORT configuration 2
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When you select items Use CD as indicator of the TCP connection is activated function
indication TCP connection using signal CD (DTR on the router).
CD
Description
Active
TCP connection is on
Nonactive
TCP connection is off
Table 61: CD signal description
When you select items Use DTR as control of TCP connection is activated function control
TCP connection using signal DTR (CD on the router).
DTR
Description server
Description client
Active
The router allows establishing a TCP
connection
Router starts TCP connection
Nonactive
The router does not permit establishing
a TCP connection
Router stops TCP connection
Table 62: DTR signal description
The changes in settings will apply after pressing the Apply button.
Figure 52: Expansion port configuration
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Example of external port configuration:
Figure 53: Example of expansion port configuration 1
Figure 54: Example of expansion port configuration 2
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1.27 USB port configuration
The USB port configuration can be called up by airbrush option USB Port in menu. Configuration can be done, if we have USB/RS232 converter.
Item
Description
Baudrate
Applied communication speed.
Data Bits
Number of data bits.
Parity
Control parity bit
• none – Will be sent without parity.
• even – Will be sent with even parity.
• odd – Will be sent with odd parity.
Stop Bits
Number of stop bit.
Split Timeout
Time to rupture reports. If you receive will identify the gap between
two characters, which is longer than the parameter value in milliseconds. Then all of the received data compiled and sent the message.
Protocol
Communication protocol:
• TCP – communication using a linked protocol TCP
• UDP – communication using a unlinked protocol UDP
Mode
Mode of connection:
• TCP server – The router will listen to incoming requests about TCP
connection.
• TCP client – The router will connect to a TCP server on the specified
IP address and TCP port.
Server Address
In mode TCP client it is necessary to enter the Server address and
final TCP port.
TCP Port
In both modes of connection is necessary to specify the TCP port on
which the router will communicate TCP connections.
Table 63: USB port configuration 1
After check Check TCP connection, it activates verification of established TCP connection.
Item
Description
Keepalive Time
Time, after which it will carry out verification of the connection
Keepalive Interval
Waiting time on answer
Keepalive Probes
Number of tests
Table 64: USB PORT configuration 2
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When you select items Use CD as indicator of the TCP connection is activated function
indication TCP connection using signal CD (DTR on the router).
CD
Description
Active
TCP connection is on
Nonactive
TCP connection is off
Table 65: CD signal description
When you select items Use DTR as control of TCP connection is activated function control
TCP connection using signal DTR (CD on the router).
DTR
Description server
Description client
Active
The router allows establishing a TCP
connection
Router starts TCP connection
Nonactive
The router does not permit establishing
a TCP connection
Router stops TCP connection
Table 66: DTR signal description
Supported USB/RS232 converters:
• FTDI
• Prolific PL2303
• Silicon Laboratories CP210×(supported from firmware version 3.0.1)
The changes in settings will apply after pressing the Apply button
Figure 55: USB configuration
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Example of USB port configuration:
Figure 56: Example of USB port configuration 1
Figure 57: Example of USB port configuration 2
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1.28 Startup script
In the window Startup Script it is possible to create own scripts which will be executed after
all initial scripts.
The changes in settings will apply after pressing the Apply button.
Figure 58: Startup script
Change take effect after shut down and witch on router by the help of button Reboot in
web administration or by SMS message.
Example of Startup script: When start the router, stop syslogd program and start syslogd
with remote logging on address 192.168.2.115 and limited to 100 entries listing.
Figure 59: Example of Startup script
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1.29 Up/Down script
In the window Up/Down Script it is possible to create own scripts. In the item Up script
is defined scripts, which begins after establishing a PPP/WAN connection. In the item Down
Script is defines script, which begins after lost a PPP/WAN connection.
The changes in settings will apply after pressing the Apply button.
Figure 60: Up/Down script
Example of UP/Down script: After establishing or lost a connection, the router sends an
email with information about establishing or loss a connection.
Figure 61: Example of Up/Down script
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1. CONFIGURATION OVER WEB BROWSER
1.30 Automatic update configuration
In the window Automatic update it is possible to set automatic configuration update. This
choice enables that the router automatically downloads the configuration and the newest
firmware from the server itself. The configuration and firmware are stores on the server.
By Enable automatic update of configuration it is possible to enable automatic configuration
update and by Enable automatic update of firmware it is possible to enable firmware update.
Item
Description
Source
In the item source can be set, where new firmware download:
• HTTP/FTP server – new firmware or configuration look at address in
the Base URL item.
• USB flash drive – Router finds current firmware or configuration in the
root directory of the connected USB device.
• Both – looking for the current firmware or configuration from both
sources.
Base URL
By parameter Base URL it is possible to enter base part of the domain
or IP address, from which the configuration file will be downloaded.
Unit ID
Name of configuration. If the Unit ID is not filled, then as the file name
used the MAC address of the router. (The delimiter is a colon is used
instead of a dot.)
Update Hour
Automatic configuration update starts 5 minutes after turning on the
router and then every 24 hours or it is possible to set the time of automatic configuration in parameter Update Hour. If the entered URL is
different configuration than in the router then the router downloads this
configuration and restarts itself.
Table 67: Automatic update configuration
The configuration file name is from parameter Base URL, hardware MAC address of ETH0
interface and cfg extension. Hardware MAC address and cfg extension is connected automatically and it isn’t needed to enter this. By parameter Unit ID enabled it defines the concrete
configuration name which will be download to the router. When using parameter Unit ID,
hardware MAC address in configuration name will not be used.
The firmware file name is from parameter Base URL, type of router and bin extension.
It is necessary to load two files (.bin and .ver) to the HTTP/FTP server. If there is uploaded
only the .bin file and the HTTP server send wrong answer 200 OK (instead of expected 404
Not Found) when the device try to download the nonexistent .ver file, then there is a high risk
that the router will download the .bin file over and over again.
The following examples find if there is a new firmware or configuration each day at 1:00 in
the morning. An example is given on the type of router ER75i v2.
• Firmware: http://router.cz/er75i-v2.bin
• Configuration file: http://router.cz/temelin.cfg
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1. CONFIGURATION OVER WEB BROWSER
Figure 62: Example of automatic update 1
The following examples find if there is a new firmware or configuration each day at 1:00
in the morning. An example is given on the type of router ER75i v2 with MAC address
00:11:22:33:44:55.
• Firmware:
http://router.cz/er75i-v2.bin
• Configuration file:
http://router.cz/00.11.22.33.44.55.cfg
Figure 63: Example of automatic update 2
1.31 User modules
Configuration of user modules can be accessed by selecting the User Modules item. It is
possible to add new modules, delete them or switch to their configuration. Use the Browse
button to select the user module (compiled module has tgz extension). The module is added
using the Add button.
Figure 64: User modules
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1. CONFIGURATION OVER WEB BROWSER
Added module appears in the list of modules on the same page. If the module contains
index.html or index.cgi page, module name serves as a link to this page. The module can be
deleted using the Delete button.
Updating of the module can be done in the same way like adding a new module. Module
with a higher (newer) version will replace the existing module. The current module configuration is kept in same state.
Programming and compiling of modules are described in the programming guide.
Figure 65: Added user module
There are for example these user’s modules:
Module name
Description
MODBUS TCP2RTU
Provides a conversion of MODBUS TCP/IP protocol to MDBUS
RTU protocol, which can be operated on the serial line.
Easy VPN client
Provides secure connection of LAN network behind our router
with LAN network behind CISCO router.
NMAP
Allows to do TCP and UDP scan.
Daily Reboot
Allows to perform daily reboot of the router at the specified time.
HTTP Authentication
Adds the process of authentication to a server that doesn’t provide this service.
BGP, RIP, OSPF
Add support of dynamic protocols.
PIM SM
Adds support of multicast routing protocol PIM-SM.
WMBUS Concentrator
Allows to receive messages from WMBUS meters and saves
contents of these messages to XML file.
pduSMS
Sends short messages (SMS) to specified number.
GPS
Allows v2 router to provide location and time information in all
weather, anywhere on or near the Earth, where there is an unobstructed line of sight to four or more GPS satellites.
Pinger
Allows to manually or automatically verify the functionallity of
the connection between two network interfaces (ping).
WiFi STA
Allows router to behave as a classical WiFi client station.
IS-IS
Add support of IS-IS protocol.
Table 68: User modules
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1. CONFIGURATION OVER WEB BROWSER
1.32 Change profile
To open the dialog box for changing profile select the Change Profile menu item. Profile
switch is making by press the button Apply. Change take effect after restarting router by the
help of button Reboot in web administration or by SMS message. It is possible select the
standard profile or up to three alternative profiles. It is possible to copy actual configuration to
selected configuration by selecting Copy settings from current profile to selected profile.
Example of usage profiles: Profiles can be used for example to switch between different
modes of operation of the router (router has compiled a connection, the router has not compiled a connection and the router creates a tunnel to the service center). Change the profile
can then be done using a binary input, SMS or Web interface of the router.
Figure 66: Change profile
1.33 Change password
To open the dialog box for changing the access password select the Change Password
menu item. The new password will be saved after pressing the Apply button.
In basic settings of the router the password is set on default form root. For higher security
of your network we recommend changing this password.
Figure 67: Change password
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1. CONFIGURATION OVER WEB BROWSER
1.34 Set real time clock
Disposable setting of the router internal clock can be invoked by pressing the Set Real Time
Clock item in the main menu of the web interface. Date and time can be set manually through
the Date and Time items. Always enter data in a format that is illustrated in the figure below.
The clock can be also adjusted according to the specified NTP server. Finally, it is necessary
to press the Apply button.
Figure 68: Set real time clock
1.35 Set SMS service center address
For industrial router XR5i v2 is not available Set SMS service center address item.
In some cases it is needed to set the phone number of the SMS service centre because
of SMS sending. This parameter can not be set when the SIM card has set phone number of
the SMS service centre. The phone number can be formed without international prefix xxx xxx
xxx or with international prefix for example +420 xxx xxx xxx.
Figure 69: Set SMS service center address
1.36 Unlock SIM card
For industrial router XR5i v2 is not available Unlock SIM card item.
Possibility to unlock SIM PIN is under Unlock SIM Card item. If the inserted SIM card is
secured by a PIN number, enter the PIN to field SIM PIN and push-button Apply.
SIM card is blocked after three failed attempts to enter the PIN code.
Figure 70: Unlock SIM card
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1. CONFIGURATION OVER WEB BROWSER
1.37 Send SMS
For industrial router XR5i v2 is not available Send SMS item.
Sending SMS messages is possible in menu Send SMS. The SMS message will be sent
after entering the Phone number and text SMS (Message) and by pushing button Send.
Figure 71: Send SMS
SMS message sending via HTTP request is in the form:
GET/send_exec.cgi?phone=%2B420712345678&message=Test HTTP/1.1
Authorization: Basic cm9vdDpyb290
HTTP request will be sent to TCP connection on router port 80. Router sends an SMS message with text "Test". SMS is sent to phone number "420712345678". Authorization is in the
format "user:password" coded by BASE64. In the example is used for root:root.
1.38
Backup configuration
The router configuration is possible to save by help of the Backup Configuration menu
item. After clicking on this menu it is possible to check a destination directory, where it will
save the router configuration.
1.39
Restore configuration
In case it is needed to restore the router configuration, it is possible in Restore Configuration menu item to check configuration by help Browse button.
Figure 72: Restore configuration
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1. CONFIGURATION OVER WEB BROWSER
1.40 Update firmware
To view the information about the firmware version and instructions for its update select
the Update Firmware menu item. New firmware is selected via Browse button and update
the following pressing the Update button.
Figure 73: Update firmware
After successful firmware updating the following statement is listed:
There is information about updating of the FLASH memory.
Upload firmware of different device can cause damage of the router!
During updating of the firmware permanent power supply has to be maintained.
1.41
Reboot
To reboot the router select the Reboot menu item and then press the Reboot button.
Figure 74: Reboot
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2. CONFIGURATION SETTING OVER TELNET
2. Configuration setting over Telnet
Attention! If the SIM card isn’t inserted in the router, it is impossible for the router to operate. The Included SIM card must be activated for GPRS transmissions.
Monitoring of status, configuration and administration of the router can be performed
by means of the Telnet interface. After IP address entry to the Telnet it is possible to configure
the router by the help of commands. The default IP address of the modem is 192.168.1.1.
Configuration may be performed only by the user "root" with initial password "root".
For Telnet exists the following commands:
Command
Description
cat
file contain write
cp
copy of file
date
show/change of system time
df
displaying of informations about file system
dmesg
displaying of kernel diagnostics messages
echo
string write
email
Email send
free
displaying of informations about memory
gsmat
AT commend send
gsminfo
displaying of informations about signal quality
gsmsms
SMS send
hwclock
displaying/change of time in RTC
ifconfig
displaying/change of interface configuration
io
reading/writing input/output pins
ip
displaying/change of route table
iptables
displaying/modification of NetFilter rules
kill
process kill
killall
processes kill
ln
link create
ls
dump of directory contain
mkdir
file create
mv
file move
ntpdate
synchronization of system time with NTP server
Continued on next page
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2. CONFIGURATION SETTING OVER TELNET
Continued from previous page
Command
Description
passwd
password change
ping
ICMP ping
ps
displaying of processes information
pwd
dump of actual directory
reboot
reboot
rm
file delete
rmdir
directory delete
route
displaying/change of route table
service
start/stop of service
sleep
pause on set seconds number
slog
displaying of system log
tail
displaying of file end
tcpdump
monitoring of network
touch
file create/actualization of file time stamp
vi
text editor
Table 69: Telnet commands
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