Adaptec | AVA-2825 | Installation guide | Adaptec AVA-2825 Installation guide

Adaptec AVA-2825 Installation guide
Chapter 1: Welcome
This manual will try to ease the installation process of eComStation 1.0
onto your system. Please refer to it if you have questions or problems
during your install. Especially important are the sections on LVM and
the Preboot Menu. Make certain you understand how LVM functions
before you make changes to your harddisk.
eComStation 1.0
This manual contains the following sections:
 2001, Mensys BV
Chapter 2: Installation
Describes how to install eComStation using either CD#1 or CD#2
and how some problems can be avoided.
Chapter 3: What's Next?
Will talk about how to add support for several hardware items and will
touch shortly on the installation of additional applications.
Chapter 4: Getting Connected
Explains briefly how to get connected to the Internet and your Local
Network. Also contains a few tips on networking within a Windows
Chapter 5: Getting Involved
Describes some ways you can help to support the development and
evolution of eComStation
Appendix A: License Agreement
Appendix B: Trademarks
Contains Trademark notices and Acknowledgements
Appendix C: LVM
Describes in detail the usage of the LVM program
Appendix D: Preboot Menu
Explains the options available at the advanced boot menu when you
start from eComStation CD#1
Appendix E: Troubleshooting
Lists some frequently asked questions and answers. Consult this
section if you have problems!
Appendix F: Getting Support
Points you to the available documentation on the several CD's.
Appendix G: Coexisting with other OSes.
Contains some tips on setting up eComStation alongside other
Operating Systems.
Chapter 1: Welcome 2
If you are unable to boot from one of the installation CD's you will have
to create BOOT diskettes.
Chapter 2: Installing eComStation
This chapter will describe in some detail the several installation options
you have and guide you step by step through the installation process of
Getting started
Your eCS package consists of three CD's:
CD #1 contains the eComStation installer
CD #2 contains the IBM (Merlin Convenience Pak) installer
CD #3 contains all of the bonuspak applications
Which Installation CD should I use?
If you are planning to install eComStation on your system and you want
to upgrade your existing OS/2 Warp 4, eComStation Preview 1,2 or 3
installation, or if you have less then 64 MB of RAM in your system, you
are advised to use CD#2 for the installation. If you are going to install
eCS on an empty harddisk or volume (partition), it is advised to use the
more convenient eComStation installer found on CD#1.
Start your installation
To start the installation process, the computer needs to boot from the
installation CD. Insert CD 1 or 2 and hit the reset button or turn off your
computer and turn it on again. Some computers only scan the CD ROM
for a CD to boot from when they get a "cold boot". If your system boots
succesfully from CD 1 or 2 you will be prompted with an option menu.
CD#1 will let you choose between the normal boot (option 1) and the
advanced boot menu (option 2 - see D for more information). The
default is boot from harddisk (option 3). When booting from CD#2 you
will be presented with an option menu that will let you choose to boot
from CD (option 1) or harddisk (option 2).
With both CD's, you should make your choice within 10 seconds. If you
do not select an option within 10 seconds, your system will proceed with
the default action, which is to boot from harddisk.
If you do not see one of these option screens to boot, please refer to
the installation troubleshooting section in Appendix E
Chapter 2: Installation 3
Creating boot diskettes from CD#1
Run makedisk.bat on a DOS based machine on which you have
CD ROM access. Or run makedisk.cmd on an OS/2 based machine
on which you have CD ROM access. This will create a bootdisk set
with an advanced menu option. For more information about the
advanced boot menu, please read Appendix D.
2. Run mdnocsm.bat on a DOS based machine on which you have CD
ROM access. Run mdnocsm.cmd on an OS/2 based machine on
which you have CD ROM access. This will create a set of bootdisks
without an advanced option menu. This diskset should be sufficient
for computers with only IDE disk controllers.
3. Boot from CD#1 on a different computer. Wait for the desktop build
process to finish. In the "eComStation Install Program", select the
option menu and choose "Create Installation Diskettes". Then click
on the create button. After the process has finished you have a set of
diskettes with the advanced boot menu. To remove the advanced
boot menu from the disk, press the button config.sys. You can press
the "Remove CSM" button. You will be prompted with a preboot
screen (for more information please see appendix D). If you do not
need to apply any changes, just hit enter. Any options you choose
in this screen will be stored in the new config.sys on diskette #1.
Creating bootdiskettes from CD#2
Use a computer on which you have access to CD rom and run
makedisk.bat If you have access to a CD ROM on an OS/2
machine you can run makedisk.cmd.
2. If you have a computer on which OS/2 runs you can also run
ecsmakedisk.exe from the root of the CD#2. When that program
has started select the option "Tools" and then "Create Installation
Diskettes", press the create button. When you have created the 3
installation disks you can insert "installation disk 1" and press the
button "config.sys". The window is divided in two parts. The upper
window shows the drivers that are on the diskette and listed in the
config.sys. You can disable drivers from the config.sys by
clicking with the right mouse button on the device driver line you want
to disable. When you then answer yes to the question if you want to
remove the driver, it will be 'remmed' out of the config.sys and the
driver will be removed from the disk, which creates space for possible
4 eComStation Manual
other drivers. You can add a driver by dragging and dropping it in the
lower window (from a folder off the running system)
Step-by-step: Booting and installing from CD #1
If you want to enable USB support or other features, please refer to at
Appendix D (preboot menu).
Features you select in the preboot menu will not only be used during
the boot process but will also be added to the installation on your
When you have chosen between option 1 or 2 (advanced boot menu),
eComStation will begin to boot. This will take about 2 minutes
(depending on the speed of your CD ROM player). Wait for the desktop
build process to finish. If no desktop appears, but a distorted screen or
a trap screen (a black screen with numbers and letters on it) please
check the following guidelines:
Do you have 64 MB or more then 64 MB of memory in your system?
A minimum of 64 MB memory is required for the new installer to
2. Reboot the machine and select option 2 (advanced boot menu).
Keep pressing the TAB until you reach the option "Legacy VGA",
press the space bar to select this option. When selected press
enter. This way eComStation will use the legacy VGA driver for the
first phase of the installation.
Installation Program
It is important you read the information displayed by the installation
program, especially the introduction to LVM can be very useful. See
also Appendix C: LVM. When you have finished, click on the option
"Install eComStation" and click on the Start Installation button.
At the screen presented to you, you can select just a few settings.
For the best performance and wide range of video card support, select
"Scitech Display Doctor". This is a video driver that supports many
modern video chipsets. You can further choose to install eComStation
base System and Multimedia. In most cases it is best to install both.
Installation Volume selection
If there is any partiton already present on you system which
eComStation can be installed, it will be listed on this screen. Click on
the button "Manage Volumes" to invoke LVM. When you have finished
using LVM, press F3 to exit LVM and save the results. When you have
chosen the USB option in the advanced bootmenu and start LVM, there
is a possibilty that you get the message that the partition table on
"Physical Disk (x)" is damaged. If you have one HDD installed x will be
number 2. There is nothing wrong, you can ignore the message.
Remember to delete the bootmanager from your hard disk! If you
previously installed the bootmanager from OS/2 Warp 4, please
reinstall the bootmanager using the LVM utility. This is necesarry
since the older versions of bootmanager are not LVM aware.
If you want to install VoiceType (speech recognition) later on, please
make certain that your boot drive is at least 300 MB larger then what is
advised during the installation.
For some possible problems with LVM please refer to appendix C;
LVM and appendix E: Troubleshooting, installation section.
Select to format the partition. Click on the Begin Format button. After a
succesfull format your system will start to copy files, this will take
somewhere between the 8 to 20 minutes (depending on the speed of
your hard drive, CPU and hard disk). When the copying has finished,
press the reboot button.
eComStation Installation - Second Phase
After the reboot you will be presented with a screen "eComStation
Installation - Second Phase". Please do not touch the desktop yet, you
will first have to continue with the installation process. You should select
the options from top to bottom.
1) First check your screen resolution. Change the resolution if you want,
the change will take effect on the next reboot.
2) The following selection will let you add a printer. If you have an USB
printer, please wait with the installation of that printer until the
installation is finished.
3) As a third option you can run the IBM "selective install" utility to install
a soundcard.
In NO case should you change the video listed! Just ignore the
setting, even if it is wrong. Nor should you touch the CD ROM options.
Click on next to proceed.
Chapter 2: Installation 5
6 eComStation Manual
If the installer requests the CD rom with \OS2IMAGE you should
(temporarily) insert eCS CD#2.
4) The fourth option is for TCP/IP and Netbios (file and printer sharing).
Click on continue and make sure you read the instructions. Click on
continue when finished.
No network
If your computer does not have a networkcard installed, press Cancel
then OK to confirm.
Network - only TCP/IP
If you do not want to share printers and files with a Windows
workstation or access printers and files on an OS/2 or Windows
server, choose TCP/IP only. Again, read the onscreen instructions
carefully! By pressing execute you will invoke an utility called MPTS.
Click on Ok and choose to configure MPTS. Click once again on
configure. Now select the networkcard which is in your computer. In
some cases your networkcard may not be listed because the chipset
is listed and not the manufacturer of your networkcard.
If you cannot find the correct networkcard listed but you do have a
diskette from your manufacturer with OS/2 drivers you can choose to
Other adapters... Follow the instructions to add the driver. It may be
necesarry to point to the exact location on your diskette, most of the
times the OS/2 driver will reside in \NDIS2.
When you found the correct NIC, select it and press on the button
change. In the window "stage 3" the name of the NIC will change
accordingly. Then select the protocol "IBM OS/2 NETBIOS" in the
stage 3 window and click on the remove button and confirm with a
click on yes. Repeat these steps for Netbios over TCP/IP. Click on
OK to exit this program and confirm that changes are written to your
Network - TCP/IP and Local Networking
If you want to use TCP/IP and share files and printers, please push
on Execute instead of the TCP/IP only button. Read the instructions
again. Insert CD#2 and press on execute when finished reading.
Before pressing ANY button, UNSELECT the options TCP/IP and
Netscape! Then click on next.
It is advised to configure the following screen from bottom to top.
Chapter 2: Installation 7
The option TCP/IP services need only to be configured if you to
connect your computer via a networkcard in your Local Network.
Select DHCP server if there is a server in your network that assigns
your computer with an IP address. If you have a small network, you
usually do not have a DHCP server and you should manually assign
an IP address and netmask. If you connect to an internet provider via
modem or ISDN card these options can be configured later.
File and Printer Sharing
If you have selected to also install the file and printer sharing, you
need to fill in an userid and password. Please make certain you do
not loose this information! The next option, most users can directly
put a green checkmark before. This option is only needed when you
have more then one NIC in your system. The last option at the top is
important. The name given to system is as is shows up in your
network browser. This name must be unique!
Also assure the domain name is the same as your other
eComStation / Windows (Workgroup name) machines if you want to
share files and printers between all machines.
If you keep Netbios over TCP/IP enabled and your machine also
directly connects to the internet, this may be a potential security risk.
eComStation provides you with a built-in firewall, which you can
configure with Zampa. Please consider enabling the firewall.
After the Network Configuration
When you are finished, press the Install button, then click on OK.
Your system will be shutdown. When your system says so to do so,
press CTRL ALT DEL to restart.
At the next reboot the system will load the installer to install the File
and Print Client. Please sit back and wait for the system to reboot.
When the eComStation desktop has started up again please read the
screen closely. If you do NOT want to share devices or printers that
are available on the computer you are installing eComStation on, do
not check the box "replace NET START REQ with....". If you DO want
to share your resources with other machines in your Local Network,
check this box.
Finishing your installation
After you finished the Network configuration (if selected) you will be
prompted by WiseMachine to enter the registration key of eComStation
8 eComStation Manual
and your name. Both are case-sensitive! You should have received your
registration key by email and it is most convenient to save that key to a
floppy disk, so you do not have to type it. You can read it from floppy by
pressing Import From File. After succesful registration, please wait for
the desktopbuild process to finish.
This concludes the basic installation of eComStation. Please read on in
Chapter 3 about using the eCSGuides to install additional applications,
supported hardware and other hints and tips!
Step by Step: Installing from CD #2:
Before starting the installation, make sure that if you have the FAT32
driver installed under Warp, you remove partfilt.flt from your
When you have booted from the CD you have the following options to
continue the installation:
! press the ESC button on your keyboard, this will invoke the IBM
installer with the IBM IDE driver.
! press D, the IBM installer will be loaded with the Daniela IDE driver.
Please note that this driver will also be used when eComStation has
finished installing. The Daniela driver is a good choice if you have a
large harddisk (more then 8 gigabyte) or a computer with an Ultra
ATA 66 or Ultra ATA 100 controller. You will not have the option for
the Daniela driver if you are booting from diskettes created with
makedisk.cmd, makedisk.bat or ecsmakedisk.exe.
! Other options offered are to enable or disable hardware detection,
please try these if you experience trouble booting from CD#2.
If you have never run the Logical Volume Manager on your system
before, the installer will first start the Volume Conversion Utility (VCU)
which will create compatibility volumes out of your existing partitions.
For more information on volumes, LVM and VCU, refer to Appendix C:
A reboot is required to activate the changes. Boot again from floppy or
You will now get to a textmode screen that welcomes you to the
If there is no installable volume available, LVM will be shown (Logical
Volume Manager, see Appendix C)
When you create the installation volume, note that if you want to install
Voicetype (speech recognition) later on, you require is 300 MB more
space than is advised during the installation.
If there is already an installable volume available, you can select the
volume to which you want to install.
Chapter 2: Installation 9
10 eComStation Manual
If you have installed a bootmanager from Warp 4, please remove it
and reinstall it! You need to this because older bootmanagers of OS/2
are not LVM aware.
If you are performing an upgrade from a previous installation, you are
asked to confirm the volume to which you want to install and if it needs
to be formatted. Choose to NOT format the partition. The IBM installer
will now scan your system. If it detects a previously installed OS/2 Warp
4, some components may be listed as not being supported or will be
removed. Most of these applications are part of the IBM BonusPak and
can be reinstalled via Wisemachine or the eCSGuides.
The system will request a reboot after files have been copied to your
harddisk. After this reboot, a desktop should appear. If you do not get a
grahic user interface (the selective installer), but a black screen with a
trap or a distorted screen please try the following:
1. Reboot the machine. The moment you see the white little block in
the upper left corner on your screen with the text eCS1.00. Press the
key combination ALT-F1. Then press the button F2.
2. Wait for the command prompt. Then type setvga and press enter.
After some activity the prompt should return.
3. Type exit and press enter. Your system will reboot with default VGA
When you arrive at the selective install screen, please check the option
"Primary Display", since the IBM installer sometimes detects a wrong
chipset (especially if you have an ATI video card).
In most cases it is advisable to select Video Graphic Array (VGA) at this
stage of the install, not the GRADD version. Then install Scitech Display
Doctor when the install of eComStation has completed. See Chapter 3;
Do not install your printer with the selective installer of IBM, but run the
conversion utility afterwards (available on CD#3) which will let you
select more modern printers and uses a convenient Printer Installation
More modern soundcard support can be found in the MMeCS package
on CD#3. You can not use this package until you have finished
installing the eCS upgrade with the conversion utility.
Network Installation
You will now get to the network installation program.
Filling in the data with your name, department and company is not
required. (It will be used to generate some default values which can be
easily changed anyway).
Click on next. You can choose four components:
File and Print Services. This enables you to share Printers and
directories, files and hard disks, between OS/2 and Windows
computers. If you do not have a local network, installing this option is
not necesarry.
2. TCP/IP. You need to install this protocol if you want to surf the web,
via a networking card, modem, ISDN adapter etc. Normally you
should enable this option.
3. Netscape, keep this option marked, this is the webbrowser used in
4. Tivoli Management Agent. You do not need this last option as a
private home user. This is usely used in large businesses.
Click on next to configure the selected networking parts.
It is advised to configure the following screen from bottom to top.
The option TCP/IP services need only to be configured if you to connect
your computer via a networkcard in your Local Network. Select DHCP
server if there is a server in your network that assigns your computer
with an IP address. If you have a small network, you usually do not have
a DHCP server and you should manually assign an IP address and
netmask. Ask your network administrator if in doubt. If you connect to
an internet provider via modem or ISDN card these options can be
configured later.
After the selective install you will be prompted with two options selected
by default. Do not change these if you want to migrate your old desktop
to your new installation!
Chapter 2: Installation 11
12 eComStation Manual
File and Printer Sharing
If you have selected to also install the file and printer sharing, you need
to fill in an userid and password. Please make certain you do not loose
this information! The option at the top is important; the name given to
system is as it shows up in your network browser. This name must be
Also assure the domain name is the same as your other eComStation
and/or Windows (Workgroup name) machines if you want to share
files and printers between all machines.
Continuing the installation
After the network settings have been confirmed, the installer will start to
copy files. This will take some time and your computer will reboot a few
times. If you are migrating your previous configuration you will be
prompted with a screen which contains two windows to check your old
config.sys and the new one. Review the proposed changes and
modify them where you think this might be required. When finsihed
press Save then Quit. In most cases all statements from the old
config.sys are imported correctly into the new one. After this your
autoexec.bat will be treated the same way. When you have
confirmed the settings, the installer will continue to copy data to your
hard drive.
Convert to eComStation Look and Feel
To get access to all of the bonuspak applications of eComStation, like
Lotus Smartsuite, the new look and feel of the desktop, Desktop
On-Call and much more, you need to start convert.exe from CD 3. If
you have not received your eCS GA from Mensys, please download
convert.exe from
Insert CD#3 and open your drivesfolder, select your CD ROM drive
(probably letter S:) and double click on convert.exe (located in the
root of the CD). Follow the instructions on the screen. The conversion
utility requires an additional 60 MB of space on your bootdrive. When
the process has finished you will be asked to reboot.
When the machine has rebooted, you are once again asked to register
eComStation through Wisemachine. This is an glitch in the upgrade
process. After you succesfully registered, wait for the desktop update to
be finished.
If your registrationkey was not accepted, WiseMachine will simply exit
without notice, this may be confusing. You can try to register again by
restarting WiseMachine.
If your are upgrading a present installation and your computer remains
hanging and you have selected the Daniela IDE driver, please check
Appendix E: Troubleshooting, installation section.
Your system will now be at the same level as when installed
directly from CD#1
Final Steps
After the installation has completed, you will see that on the next boot
WiseMachine prompts you to register your copy of eComStation. Please
do so after which your system will reboot again.
This concludes the basic installation of eComStation. Please read on in
Chapter 3 about using the eCSGuides to install additional applications,
supported hardware and other hints and tips!
Java 1.3
You will then be asked if you would like to install Java 1.3 or not. It is
advisable to install Java 1.3 to a JFS volume for perfomance reasons. If
you do not yet have setup a JFS volume you might want to skip the
installation at this stage and use the eCSGuide at a later moment to
install Java 1.3.
Installation Finished
You have now upgraded your system to eComStation code base of
version 1.00 You will find your old desktop in a folder called Previous
Desktop. You can drag and drop applications from there to your new
Chapter 2: Installation 13
14 eComStation Manual
Chapter 3: What's Next?
After finishing the initial installation, described in Chapter 2, you will be
presented with what are called 'eCSGuides' that are meant to easily
install some of the many applications included with eComStation. Select
which applications you wish and follow the instructions on the screen to
install them.
To install a locally connected printer in eComStation, you can use the
Printer Installation Guide, availble in the Printers folder within the
eComStation folder on your desktop. Alternatively you can use a Printer
Template from the templates folder and drag and drop it to the Printers
folder. When you want to install a Network Printer, you will have to
install it via the template drag and drop method, since the Printer Guide
only supports local printers.
The installed drivers contain support for over 1000 printer models and
are up to date to spring 2001. Additional drivers can be found in the
If you would like to invoke the eCSGuides at a later moment, you can do
so by starting WiseMachine and selecting the menu option: Utility ->
Selective Install -> eCS Additional Packages.
eComStation contains some features which are not included in the
normal install process. Following are some hints on installing support for
specific hardware.
eComStation contains the MMeCS multimedia package which adds
support for some multimedia devices.
For more information about MMeCS package 1 and audio drivers, open
\MMECS\MANUAL\HTML\MMPAK.HTML from CD#3 with Netscape.
If you have chosen to install VGA you may want to upgrade to a more
advanced videodriver, which is provided by the means of "Scitech
Display Doctor" (SDD). This driver supports almost every modern video
chipset on the market today and offers excellent performance by
enabling the (2D) hardware acceleration of these chipsets.
It is installed onto your system already, if you selected Scitech Display
Doctor during the eComStation installation from CD#1.
To add it manually to your system, you will need to copy
\SOFTWARECHOICE\ScitechSE\SDDSE705.exe from CD#3 to an
empty directory on your harddrive. Execute the file, and it will self
extract there. When this is finished, from an eCS command prompt type
"setup sdd" and hit enter. Now SDD will be installed on your
If the refreshrate of your screen is not optimal, you may have to add
your specific monitor to the SDD supported monitor list. You can do this
by importing the Windows PnP info of your monitor. To do so, you
require the monitor 'inf' file from your manufacturer. Switch to the
directory \SDD on your boot drive and run the utility gamon from the
command line with the option import and then the filename of the INF
file of your monitor. For example gamon import a:\monitor.inf.
Chapter 3: What's Next? 15
To add MPEG I and Video Disc playback support (not DVD film
playback support) to Netscape and eCS, please copy the file
directory on your HDD. Start nspip30.exe which will then selfextract.
When it is finsihed extracting you should start install.exe.
USB Support
The following will describe several USB devices that are supported by
eComStation and some hints to make them work.
If you require more information on eComStation or OS/2 and USB
If you have selected USB when installing from CD#1 (via the advanced
boot menu) the following drivers will have been loaded:
16 eComStation Manual
These are the basic USB support drivers
They support motherboards with an Intel or VIA chipset.
If you do not have an Intel or VIA chipset on your motherboard you may
need to install the so called USBOHCI USB driver. You can find this
driver on CD#1 in \Softwarechoice\USB\basic\.
Install it by copying the file usbohci.exe to an empty directory on
your hard disk and start the file to begin extracting. Please read the
accompanying readme.txt on how to upgrade your USB
There is a chance that when you booted from CD or diskettes your
USB mouse will not work. The USB mouse should work when you
boot from the hard disk the first time after installation.
(Mass storage driver for ZIP drives, external disk drive and other
devices that confirm to the USB mass storage standard)
(Support for HP USB Cdwriter 8200 and Sony Spredds CDRW)
(Support for USB keyboards and mice).
(Support for USB Rockwell based modems)
If you have upgraded your system via CD#2 your config.sys will
contain the following lines:
To enable USB support open the config.sys in the root of your
bootdrive and remove the word REM from all the lines.
USB Network Adapters
eComStation has support for USB Ethernet apapters, which are based
on the Kawsaki KL5KUSB101 chipset. You can find this driver on CD#1
in de directory \SoftwareChoice\USB\ether, copy the file
usbether.exe to an empty directory on your hard disk and execute it.
Chapter 3: What's Next? 17
Please read the accompanying readme.txt! The following USB
ethernet network cards have been tested:
! 3COM USB Network Interface
! D-Link Corp. USB Ethernet Adapter (DSB-650)
! ADS Technologies Inc. USB Ethernet Adapter (USB-10BT)
USB Audio
The drivers to enable USB audio support can be installed by inserting
CD#2. Start minstall from the folder eComStation -> System Setup ->
Install Remove. Select \OPTIONS\USBAUDIO on CD#2 as source
USB Printers
eComStation also supports USB printers. eCS does not support all
printers attached to an USB port. To install USB printer support insert
\SoftwareChoice\USB\print. Please note that besides the driver
which needs to be installed in the config.sys also a so called PDR
file needs to be installed, which enables the USB port to be accessed
by the printerspooler.
USB CD RW devices
If you installed eComStation from CD#1 and selected USB support, you
will have Read/Write access to USB connected CDRW devices. If you
have used CD#2 to upgrade your installation and want to enable USB
CDRW and USB mass storage support you should:
! study the directory \SoftwareChoice\USB\stor of CD#1
! install OS2CDROM.DMD from CD#3, which can be found in the
PCMCIA Support
Most laptops/notebooks nowadays have one or more slots for so called
PCMCIA card / PCCard devices. These devices should have OS/2
drivers if you would like to use them with eComStation. But firstly, you
need to enable support for the PCMCIA chipset it self. eComStation
ships with "Play at Will" which provides that support. To install Play At
Will, insert CD#3 and switch to the directory \DRIVERS\PCCARD and
copy the file pccarden.exe to an empty directory on your harddisk.
Execute this file to let it selfextract. Then run the program
PCMINST2.EXE and follow the instructions on the screen.
18 eComStation Manual
Please see the readme.txt on the CD in the directory
\DRIVERS\PCCARD for the a list of supported PCMCIA chipsets.
Chapter 4: Getting Connected
FAT32 support
If you have FAT32 partitions on your hard drive you can enable support
under eComStation by using the driver available on CD#3 in the
directory \THIRDPARTY\Fat32\. Please read the document fat32.txt!
You are NOT required to install partfilt.flt or replace
os2dasd.dmd. If you have rebooted your computer and the driver is
loaded you will get read and write access to a FAT32 volume when that
drive has a drive letter assigned under LVM.
Iomega ZIP drives
Support for parallel port Iomega ZIP drives can be found on CD#3 in the
directory \DRIVERS\IBM-IOMEGA-PP-ZIP. Copy the file ppzip.exe
to an empty directory on your hard disk and start it. See the
accompanying documentation file for installation details.
Network Adapters
Support for additional network adapters can be found on CD#3 In the
IBM TrackPoint
On CD#2 you will find the directory \OPTIONS\TP4 this is the
TrackPoint Support version 1.0. Run INSTALL from this directory to
enable this feature.
The Internet is a huge network of computers, itself incorporating many
thousands of individual subnetworks known as intranets (LAN's). The
Internet is the largest network of computers in the world and it's
importance as a medium to communicate and interact with other users
has become very clear in recent years.
eComStation is very well capable to act as a client system to several
services available on the Internet, such as (e)mail, webbrowsing, IRC
('chatting'), ftp (downloading files), telnet (remote console access) and
much more. eComStation by default installs Netscape Communicator
for webbrowsing and some other tasks (mail, news, ftp). More clients
are available, either as installed application or as seperate download.
(for an overview please have a look at the 'Internet' folder on your
eComStation desktop).
Before you are able to access the Internet, you will have to configure
how your connection will be made. The list below gives an overview of
the possibilities available in eComStation.
Modem (analogue/ISDN)
General Information Required
Before you start to configure your Internet Access, make sure you have
the following information at hand:
Your ISP dial in telephone number (in case of modem/ISDN)
The username/password required to login to your ISP
Your ISP nameserver IP address (most of the time this are two IP
addresses, Primary DNS and Secondary DNS)
! In case of LAN connection the IP address of the gateway PC
! Additionally you may want to configure a Proxy Server (within your
Chapter 3: What's Next? 19
20 eComStation Manual
If you use a so called 'serial modem' to access the Internet you have to
configure one of two options, which are explained below.
have a positive effect, but a lower setting will seriously slow down your
Internet Dial-up
Firstly, you can use the default installed 'Internet Dial-up' which can be
found in the Dial-up Tools folder (within the Internet folder on the
InJoy is a text-mode internet dialler with highly advanced features and is
the recommended way to connect to the Internet using eComStation.
Every license of eComStation contains a full version of: InJoy Extended!
To be able to use it, you are required to use 'Add Entry' to define a
new dialup connection.
A short list of interesting features:
Login Info tab:
Most fields of this application are self-explanatory, and you can press
F1 at any time to get additional information. Please note that the
'default' of SLIP as connection type is obsolete and almost every
provider nowadays supports PPP, which is preferred, as it uses a more
efficient means of communication with the ISP.
Connect Info tab:
Most ISP's provide you with an IP address dynamically, so you would
not need to fill the fields in Server Details (you can leave the MTU
setting at its default of 1500).
The Domain Nameserver should be filled with the IP address of the
Primary DNS of your ISP.
The Domain Name can be filled in with the domain of your ISP, typically
the part that comes after the @ sign in your email address (for example
Your Hostname can be left empty or filled in with your userid.
You should leave the remaining settings at their default value.
Server Info tab:
None of these fields are required and they are mainly used for obsolete
applications that you will probably not use anyway, so you may leave
these empty. If you want to fill them out, please consult your ISP
documentation for the proper values.
Modem Info tab:
This page contains the physical configuration of your modem. There is
an extensive list of predefined modems and if yours isn't listed you are
well of using the 'default Hayes compatible' setting (most modems are
Hayes compatible).
Please take note of which com-port your modem is connected to. If you
use an external modem this is most likely com1 or com2, internal
modems usually reside at com4.
Most default settings can be used, the notable exception is the
port-speed. Please set this to 57.600 baud. Setting it higher will not
Chapter 4: Getting Connected 21
Dial On Demand (InJoy will dial in to the Internet if you request a
document which is not locally available)
! NAT (Network Address Translation) supports up to five PC's on your
LAN to share one internet connection
! Autostart modules - you can configure InJoy to automatically start a
program or sequence of programs once the internet connection is
Installing InJoy
You can install InJoy after the basic installation of eComStation has
finished by using the eCSGuide that is called 'eCS BonusPak'
Click the Install button to start the installation. After installation
completes, a folder InJoy has been created in your Installed Software
folder and a shadow of InJoy has been placed in the Dial-Up tools folder
within the Internet folder.
Double Click the InJoy icon to start the program. (Since it is a textmode
application you will see a eCS commandprompt open up. You are still
able to use your mouse to make menu selections though)
Configuring InJoy
To configure InJoy for a dial-up connection to the Internet you will first
have to create an account. You can do this by pressing 'new' in the right
half of the main screen. Give the account a name (other than 'Default')
and fill in your userid and password provided by your ISP.
Pressing 'Ok' takes you to the main configuration screen. Note that most
default values are okay, InJoy is intelligent enough to pickup the
nameserver and other IP addresses from your ISP. If you want you can
still fill the nameserver IP address out, of course. If need be, you can let
InJoy 'learn' a connection by scripting the login process. Please refer to
the extensive online documentation, available in the InJoy folder on
your desktop.
22 eComStation Manual
One notable selection is 'Auto Connect' - when you enable this
feature, the connection will be created at the moment you start InJoy,
this can be very usefull for unattended login procedures when combined
with Dial On Demand (Available at the 'Disconnect Actions'
The other interesting feature, as described above, is the NAT option.
Select this if you would like to share your connection with other PC's in
your LAN. For information how to configure this feature properly, please
refer to the online documentation of InJoy, or the website at:
ISDN adapters
If you use an ISDN adapter to connect to the Internet, you can also use
the above described programs when:
! you use an external adapter, connected to your serial port
! you install and configure cFos/2, which is a driver that converts your
ISDN device to a 'normal' serial modem. For more information on
cFos, please consult their website:
Otherwise you will need to install and configure ISDNPM, which also
ships with eComStation in a limited (but useable) eCS version. The full
ISDNPM features NAT (like InJoy does) and highly advanced options.
The version included with eComStation has no time limit but it is limited
to one ISDN or PPPoE session via IP-Interface (slx) without NAT, Filters
and Accounting. For more information, or installation, please refer to the
ThirdParty eCSGuide available from: WiseMachine -> Utility ->
Selective Install -> eCS Additional Packages -> Thirdparty.
Cable Connections
Cable Internet Access is by far the easiest to use and setup in
eComStation. All that is required is that you install and configure the
TCP/IP stack as described in Chapter 2. You can setup your IP
configuration in detail by opening the Internet -> TCP/IP -> TCP/IP
Configuration (local) from your desktop.
Note that some Cable Internet Service Providers use a serial modem
to connect you to the Internet and use a special login-'phone'-number
you can use. If this is the case with your provider, use Internet Dial Up
from Internet -> Dial Up Tools or InJoy as described above, instead.
(A)DSL modems can be used with eComStation when your provider
uses the PPPoE protocol. To enable this, you will need to install InJoy
Chapter 4: Getting Connected 23
PPoE from the WiseMachine -> Utility -> Selective Install -> eCS
Additional Packages -> eCS BonusPak eCSGuide.
Please note that InJoy PPoE installs a driver to your system which will
not work under all conditions. Refer to the online documentation to
make sure you understand the issues involved.
The InJoy PPPoE Client is designed to offer reliable PPP over Ethernet
(PPPoE) connectivity. For the full description and the complete list of
features, refer to the product homepage:
This version is fully functional and licensed for the use with
Some Internet Service Providers use another protocol to give you
access to the Internet, the main one being PPPTP. For example KPN
MxStream in Holland uses this protocol. Currently the only way you can
access the Internet through PPPTP is by purchasing InJoy FireWall
Professional and requesting special PPPTP drivers from F/X
communications. For more information we refer to F/X:
Using your Local Area Network to access the Internet is possible when
the TCP/IP protocol is installed and configured as described in Chapter
2. The main thing you need to know is whether your LAN uses DHCP to
assign IP addresses to workstations, or that it uses static IP addresses.
Consult your network administrator if in doubt. You can setup your IP
configuration in detail by opening the Internet -> TCP/IP -> TCP/IP
Configuration (local) from your desktop.
Local Networking
eComStatiom has very excellent support for other networking operating
systems (NOS) besides IBM LAN Server (or Warp Server), such as
Novell and Banyan. It also supports several networking protocols.
TCP/IP is the most popular these days, but eComStation offers NetBios
(NetBEUI), NetBios over TCP/IP (TCPBEUI), IBM IEEE 802.2, Netware
and Banyan. The most important feature of all this networking support is
that the requester's execute concurrently. Meaning that you can run
them all at the same time!
In the present eComStation architecture, this networking is referred to
as Multi-Protocol Transport Services. The support is provided by drivers
24 eComStation Manual
called requester's. The requester's are specified in the config.sys file
and loaded at boot. Network communication is provided to and from the
requester's and protocol's using NDIS (Network Driver Interface
Specification). eComStation ships with these requesters: IBM LAN,
3270 Emulation, Netware (via ThirdParty eCSGuide) and IBM TCP/IP.
These requester's also have their associated protocol drivers as
described previously (TCP/IP, 802.2, etc.). A very extensive online book
"MPTS Configuration Guide" has been placed in the Online Information
folder in the Help Center of your desktop.
communicate/network with:
! Windows 95/98/Me
! Windows NT/2000
! Linux (Samba)
! Netware
! and more
Networking Interoperability: Windows
You will need to install File and Printer Sharing to interoperate with a
Microsoft Network. The eComStation client is very easy to setup to
interoperate with a Microsoft Network if you know the tricks involved.
The "File and Print Client Guide" is placed in the Online Information
folder of the Help Center when you installed File and Printer Sharing. It
contains a brief section on interoperability with Microsoft Networks. The
three protocols generally needed to interoperate with Microsoft
Network's are TCP/IP, NetBios, and NetBios over TCP/IP. The NetBios
protocol is used locally on a subnet because it contains no routing
information. This also means that NetBios cannot see past a router
without help. NetBios over TCP/IP can see past a router and this
protocol is generally used at corporate sites where large segmented
networks are the norm.
Windows NT
An eComStation client can take advantage of Microsoft Network in one
of two ways. The eCS client can logon to the NT domain or logon
locally. However, browsing is severely limited on a Microsoft Network if
the servers have been configured with the default settings (more on this
in a later section). Either method will achieve the desired results, to use
the resources on a Windows NT server domain. One precaution, your
local eCS logon must exactly match the logon ID on the NT
domaincontroller. In addition, NT server allows lower case in passwords
whereas eComStation does not.
Chapter 4: Getting Connected 25
In a segmented network architecture where the eComStation client is
separated from the NT server via a router, NT domain authentication is
impossible with the default configuration of the eCS client. IBM has
described this issue in Technical Document #7775533. IBM Technical
Document #3724433 describes some useful NT administrator tips. In
order for the eCS client to be authenticated by the NT domain controller
the IP address will have to be added to the RFCBCST.LST file.
Other NT resources would be added to the RFCNAMES.LST file. These
files may be updated using MPTS or a text editor may be used. After the
RFC files have been modified, the RFCADDR command can be run from
an OS/2 window which will update the system and prevent the client
from having to be restarted.
Windows: Network Browsing
eComStation clients are unable to browse available resources on
Microsoft Networks due to a LAN Manager parameter called
lmannounce. This parameter defines the response to LAN Manager 2.x
browser broadcasts. The default response is to ignore these
broadcasts. However, the "net view" command can show resources
when the resource is specified as follows: "net view \\resource". If
the command "net view" is used, nothing will show except your
workstation or other OS/2 Servers/Workstations on your network. The
Window's servers and workstations will have to have their default
settings changed as outlined below to enable browsing from OS/2 and
Windows for Work Groups:
The parameter "lmannounce=yes" will have to be added in the [network]
section of the system.ini file.
Windows 95/98/Me:
The parameter "LMAnnounce" is in located in Network settings under
File and Print sharing properties.
Windows NT 4.0 Server:
In Network settings, Services, Server, select the Make Browser
Broadcasts to LAN Manager 2.x clients at the bottom of the dialog page.
Windows NT Workstation (possibly Windows 2000 also)
Users will have to manually modify the Lmannounce entry in the
registry. The entry is as follows:
26 eComStation Manual
This setting will have to be changed from the default of 0 to 1. The
regedt32.exe program will have to be used for the above procedure.
It is located in \WINNT\SYSTEM32.
To enhance the performance of an eComStation workstation in a
Windows NT Network you can change the default settings of MAXIN
and MAXOUT from 1 to 3 in eComStation, either by using MPTS or
Chapter 5: Getting Involved
eComStation allows the user to get involved on several levels. Users
can adopt programs for WiseMachine, and allow them to be easily
deployed and write new programs or port programs to eComStation.
This chapter will briefly discuss this and hand you the tools to get
Adopting Programs
eComStation allows you to easily install programs by deployment
through WiseMachine. To provide the information to enable
Wisemachine to deploy a program we designed the adoption process.
This process takes you through the steps to gather essential information
about a program to allow WiseMachine to deploy it. Two kinds of
information are gather during the process. First some general
information about the program and second information how to install it.
Usually the following information is required for a succesful adoption of
a program:
General information
Program name
the full name of the program
the versionnumber of the current version
Name of the company or author of the program
What does the program do
Why did you choose this program and not a competing
How to buy
How can you buy this program
Contact info
Your e-mail address or information to contact you
Installation information
Chapter 4: Getting Connected 27
What changes have to be made to config.sys (set statements,
device drivers etc.)
What changes have to be made to the startup.cmd
read/write access
To which files does the program need read/write access
desktop object
creation script
A script to create the icons for the program and register any
WPS classes it needs (see below for instructions)
desktop object
removal script
A script that can destroy the desktop objects and deregister
any WPS classes used by the program
28 eComStation Manual
This list may sound a bit intimidating, but the process is usually easier
than it looks like at first sight. Of course if you run into trouble we are
glad to help you complete the adoption process. For the process you
will need the following programs: The program you want to adopt, or a
fully functional demo version; Object Desktop (or its trial version);
Graphical File Compare. If you don't already have Object Desktop or
Graphical File Compare you can find links to download (trial) versions at
the end of the section. Before you start adopting a program you should
verify that the program isn't already adopted by someone else, and
state your intention to adopt the program by registering the program for
adoption. You can do this on the special adoption website. The
information for the general section of the adoption program can usually
be extracted from the manual or readme's included with a program. For
this section it is especially important that you verify that you use the
latest version available, and that you clearly identify the version you
To complete the information about the installation process there is a
special procedure which makes it easier to get the correct information,
this procedure consists of the following steps:
Install Object Desktop (only Object Package is needed) and
Graphical File Compare
Make a copy of your config.sys and startup.cmd
Install the program you want to adopt
Use Graphical File Compare to find the changes in your
config.sys and startup.cmd, and save these changes to a file.
Create a Object Package of the program folder or objects on you
Save the Object Package as a REXX script and save the resources
(icons/background bitmaps) too.
Zip up the REXX script and the resources
These seven steps provide you with all the information about
config.sys changes, startup.cmd changes and desktop object
creation. Usually we can extract the information to create the desktop
object removal script from the desktop object creation script, so you do
not have to worry about that.
To compose the list of files to which read/write access is needed is
usually a bit more complicated, but normally the files to which read/write
access is needed are only the configuration files and data files. To
identify them you should consult the documentation included with the
program or have a look at the directory listings. Common filename
extensions for configuration files are .cfg, .ini, .conf, .dat. It is
Chapter 5: Getting Involved 29
important to verify is whether a program needs access to the central
OS/2 ini files, usually named os2.ini and os2sys.ini. To verify that
you could inspect these files with the Registry Editor, which you can find
in the System Setup folder. If you can not get a comprehensive list it
might be necessary to contact the author of the program or use a
special sniffer daemon.
When you have gathered all the information you bundle everything in a
zip file, and upload it to the adoption program ftp site. If the program you
adopted is free for distribution you can include the installed version of
the program also, if it is a commercial program, or distribution is
inhibited in any other way you should only upload the information files
and the files created with Object Package.
Some time after you uploaded the information you will receive a
preliminary version of the WiseMachine deployment scripts for you
adoption. You are kindly asked to test this script, and report back the
results. When you find everything to work properly the WiseMachine
scripts are ready for release and will be placed on the eComStation
website, or will be included in a WiseMachine update.
Register a program for adoption:
Adopted programs:
Adaption process documentation:
Graphical File Compare:
Object Desktop Trial Version:
(expires in 30 days)
NB: Eventually the adoption program will move to the eComStation
website at if the links above have
expired, please find the information at this site.
30 eComStation Manual
Development of new programs
Included with eComStation are the basic tools needed to develop new
programs. On the CD#3 you will find the Toolkits for Java (both the Java
1.1.8 and Java 1.3 versions) and the OS/2 Developers Toolkit (version
4.5). Also included with the system is the powerful REXX language,
which can be used to make text mode applications, or with some
extensions can also be used to develop PM applications (see below). If
you want to get started on development it is advisable to install the
toolkits, which will give you extensive information on all aspects of
programming for eComStation. If you are not interested in native
application development, but only Java development, installation of the
Java Toolkit would suffice.
There are no compilers or RAD (Rapid Application Development) tools
included with eComStation, but several good compilers and RAD tools
can be found on the internet, we will list a few of them here:
C/C++ Compilers:
! EMX GCC, the GNU Compiler Collection, including the EMX runtime
libraries that implement part of the standard UNIX functionality
! OpenWatcom, work in progress, the OpenSourced version of the
famous compiler from Watcom
Pascal Compilers:
Virtual Pascal, a free highly Borland Pascal/Delphi compatible
compiler with a Borland Pascal like development environment
! EMX GNU Pascal, part of the GNU Compiler Collection mentioned
! Free Pascal: A free, Turbo Pascal 7 compatible compiler
Next to these there are several commercial development tools like
VisualAge for Java, VisualAge C++, Simplicity for Java, VisPro REXX,
etc, and there certainly are more free-, and shareware products out
there which we did not include in this list. A good place to start looking
for more free-, and shareware products is the /pub/os2/dev directory
of the Hobbes archive.
When you develop your own program you can of course use the
Adoption Process described earlier in this chapter to create an easy
method for installation. Otherwise you could use one of the other
Installers available for eComStation. A popular free installer for
eComStation is the "WarpIN installer", which can be found on the
Netlabs pages.
EDM/2 programmers magazine:
Hobbes ftp archive:
Virtual Pascal:
Free Pascal:
Liberty BASIC:
IBM Developers' Toolbox:
BASIC Interpreters:
QBasic, DOS version is included with eComStation. QBasic is an
BASIC interpreter only, you can't compile to a executable
! Liberty Basic, a commercial BASIC for Windows and OS/2, which can
also produce standalone programs
REXX extensions:
VREXX: REXX extensions to develop PM applications with REXX
DrDialog, RAD development tool for REXX which allows you to
develop PM applications, available on the IBM Developers' Toolbox.
Chapter 5: Getting Involved 31
32 eComStation Manual
Appendix A: License Agreement
eComStation End User License Agreement
1. License Grant: Licensor hereby grants to you, and you accept, a nonexclusive
license to use the Program and the computer programs contained therein in
machine readable, object code form only (collectively referred to as the
"Software", see Information About Your Software, Section 12 of this
document), and the accompanying User Documentation, only as authorized in
this License Agreement. A license for each copy of eComStation is required for
each computer owned, leased, or otherwise controlled by you; or in the event of
the inoperability of that computer, on a backup computer selected by you.
Neither concurrent use on two or more computers nor use in a local area
network or other network is permitted without separate authorization and the
payment of other license fees.
In addition to your primary computer, eComStation may be stored on secondary
machine, such as a home or portable computer, provided that eComStation is
not in active use on both machines at the same time. This would expressly
prohibit running Desktop on Call to access eComStation on the primary
computer from the secondary machine, a home or portable computer.
You agree that you will not assign, sublicense, transfer, pledge, lease, rent, or
share your rights under this License Agreement without permission from
Serenity Systems International. You agree that you may not reverse assemble,
reverse compile, or otherwise translate the Software.
A program is considered in use when it resides in memory or is otherwise
stored in the machine. A program stored on a network server, solely for the
Appendix A: License Agreement 33
purpose of being distributed to other machines is not considered to be in use.
But your use may not exceed the total number of users authorized. You may
transfer all your rights and obligations under this license to another party. To
transfer such rights and obligations, you must transfer an unaltered copy of this
license agreement.
Upon loading the Software into your computer, you may retain the Program
Media for backup purposes. In addition, you may make one copy of the
Software on a second set of media for the purpose of backup in the event the
Program media is damaged or destroyed. You may make one copy of the User's
Manual for backup purposes. Any such copies of the Software or the User's
Manual shall include Licensor's copyright and other proprietary notices. Except
as authorized under this paragraph, no copies of the Program or any portions
thereof may be made by you or any person under your authority or control.
Licensor's Rights: You acknowledge and agree that the Software and the
User's Manual are proprietary products of Licensor protected under U.S.
copyright law and other countries as appropriate. You further acknowledge and
agree that all right, title, and interest in and to the Program, including
associated intellectual property rights, are and shall remain with Licensor. This
License Agreement does not convey to you an interest in or to the Program, but
only a limited right of use revocable in accordance with the terms of this
License Agreement.
License Fees: The license fees paid by you are paid in consideration of the
licenses granted under this License Agreement. Payments must be made to
Serenity Systems International, or designated distributors and resellers from
whom you acquired eComStation. You agree to notify Serenity Systems, or its
distributors or resellers, and pay any applicable charges if you change the
number of users.
Term: This License Agreement is effective upon your installation and use of
this package and shall continue until terminated. You may terminate this
License Agreement at any time by returning the Program and all copies thereof,
save one copy which may be kept for your archive, and extracts therefrom to
Licensor. Licensor may terminate this License Agreement upon the breach by
you of any term hereof. Upon such termination by Licensor, you agree to return
to Licensor the Program and all copies and portions thereof.
Limited Warranty: Licensor warrants, for your benefit alone, for a period of
90 days from the date of commencement of this License Agreement (referred to
as the "Warranty Period") that the Program media in which the Software is
contained are free from defects in material and workmanship. Licensor further
warrants, for your benefit alone, that during the Warranty Period the Program
shall operate substantially in accordance with the functional specifications in
the User's Manual. Serenity Systems does not warrant uninterrupted or
error-free operation of eComStation.
If during the Warranty Period, a defect in the Program appears, you may return
the Program to your distributor for either replacement or, if so elected by
distributor, refund of amounts paid by you under this License Agreement. You
34 eComStation Manual
agree that the foregoing constitutes your sole and exclusive remedy for breach
by Licensor of any warranties made under this Agreement. EXCEPT FOR THE
6. Limitation of Liability: Licensor's cumulative liability to you or any other
party for any loss or damages resulting from any claims, demands, or actions
arising out of or relating to this Agreement shall not exceed the license fee paid
to Licensor for the use of the Program. In no event shall Licensor be liable for
any indirect, incidental, consequential, special, or exemplary damages or lost
profits, even if Licensor has been advised of the possibility of such damages.
7. Trademark: eComStation, eComServer, WiseMachine, WiseManager,
WiseServer, and WiseClient are trademarks of Licensor. No right, license, or
interest to such trademark is granted hereunder, and you agree that no such
right, license, or interest shall be asserted by you with respect to such
8. Governing Law: This License Agreement shall be construed and governed in
accordance with the laws of the applicable jurisdiction.
9. Costs of Litigation: If any action is brought by either party to this License
Agreement against the other party regarding the subject matter hereof, the
prevailing party shall be entitled to recover, in addition to any other relief
granted, reasonable attorney fees and expenses of litigation, as appropriate
under applicable jurisdiction.
10. Severability: Should any term of this License Agreement be declared void or
unenforceable by any court of competent jurisdiction, such declaration shall
have no effect on the remaining terms hereof.
11. No Waiver: The failure of either party to enforce any rights granted hereunder
or to take action against the other party in the event of any breach hereunder
shall not be deemed a waiver by that party as to subsequent enforcement of
rights or subsequent actions in the event of future breaches.
Appendix A: License Agreement 35
12. Information About Your Software:
eComStation includes a license to use the following products with
" IBM OS/2 Warp V4, IBM Product Number 31L0480M
Note: eCS upgrade product users are required to supply their own valid
license for OS/2 V4
" IBM OS/2 Warp Convenience Pak, IBM Product Number AS6Y5NA
IBM SMP feature when purchased as an option or as part of
eComStation Professional, Product Number AS6Y9NA
" IBM Desktop on Call for OS/2, IBM Product Number AS6YBNA
" IBM Lotus Smart Suite for OS/2 R1.6, IBM Product Number AS76KNA
" WiseMachine from Serenity Systems International
" Applause and the TWAIN Consumer Pack from Solution Technologies,
" InJoy 2.3 Professional Dialer and InJoy PPPoE from F/X Communications
" HOBLink X/11 for OS/2 from HOB Software
36 eComStation Manual
Appendix B: Trademarks
eComStation is packaged on CD using Info-ZIP's compression utility. The
installation program uses UnZip to read zip files from the CD. Info-ZIP's
software (Zip,UnZip and related utilities) is free and can be obtained as
The following terms, are trademarks of SSI or the TouchVoice Corporation in
the United States, or other countries, or both:
! Managed Client
! eComStation
! eCS
! WiseManager
! WiseServer
! WiseClient
! WiseMachine
! WiseTalker
! Drag-n-Drop Deployment
The following terms, are registered trademarks of the IBM Corporation in the
United States, or other countries, or both:
! LAN Distance
! OS/2
! WebSphere
! WIN-OS/2
The following terms are trademarks of other companies:
! Approach, Freelance Graphics, Lotus, Lotus Notes, Lotus Organizer,
Lotus SmartSuite, and WordPro are trademarks of Lotus Development
Corporation in the United States, other countries, or both.
! Tivoli is a trademark of Tivoli Systems Inc. in the United States, other
countries, or both.
! Java and all Java-based trademarks and logos are trademarks of Sun
Microsystems, Inc. in the United States, other countries, or both.
Microsoft, Windows, Windows NT, and the Windows logo are trademarks of
Microsoft Corporation in the United States, other countries, or both.
Parts of this document are based on the kind contributions of the following
Paul Jarvinen
Peter Moylan
Oliver Rick
Alexander Taylor
Robert Thomas
Jack Troughton
(Windows Network -
(Preboot Documentation)
eComStation includes a number of software packages from a number of
individuals, and companies.
We are very grateful of their contributions.
for a complete list of
Abbotsbury Software has been so kind to license their
Hauppage drivers so these could be included with
eComStation. These drivers allow for the use of
Hauppage TV boards to function under eComStation.
For any commercial request regarding these drivers
please contact:
Abbotsbury Software Ltd.
West Yard Barn
West Street
Dorset DT3 4JT
United Kingdom
MainConcept GmbH has been so so kind to license their OS/2 AVI codecs
for inclusion with eComStation.
For more info on MainConcept, please have a look on
the following webaddress:
Other company, product, and service names may be trademarks or service
marks of others.
Appendix B: Trademarks 37
38 eComStation Manual
As the picture shows, the Logical View is divided into two display areas:
an upper area, and a lower area.
Appendix C: LVM
This section takes you through the LVM program and explores its user
LVM has two display modes, or 'views': the Logical View and the
Physical View. These are described in detail below. You may switch
between views by pressing the 'F5' key on your keyboard.
The Logical View
When the LVM program is run, it starts up in what is called the Logical
View. This is a display mode which shows all of the logical volumes that
currently exist on your system.
Here is an example of what the Logical View looks like (the actual
volumes and partitions shown may vary):
The upper area, hereafter referred to as the volume list, lists all of the
logical volumes that exist on the system. (If the system has no
volumes, then this list will be empty.)
A volume is a logical drive, represented by a "drive letter".
Consequently, the list of volumes includes not only hard disk volumes,
but anything which currently has a drive letter assigned. This includes
CD-ROM drives, Zip drives and similar devices, and even shared
network drives, if available.
Each volume has a number of attributes, and these are shown by the
columns in the volume list:
Logical Volume
This column indicates the volume's name and drive letter. The name
is a short text label, up to a maximum of 20 characters, which you
may choose yourself. If you decide not to give it a name of your own,
then LVM will choose a default name. These names are mainly just
labels for your convenience. However, if Boot Manager is installed,
then these names will also be used to display the volumes on the
Boot Manager menu.
After the name, the volume's drive letter is displayed. The drive letter
is very important, as it is the name that the volume will have when
you are using eComStation. You may assign any letter to any
volume as you choose, unless that letter is already being used.
You may change a volume's drive letter, but if you do, you should
make certain that any programs installed on the system which use
that drive are also updated to be aware of the new letter. Since this
can be a painstaking process, changing a volume's drive letter once
it has been set is not generally recommended.
If the drive letter is changed, the old drive letter disappears from the
display, and the new letter appears slightly to the left. This is a visual
cue used to indicate that the letter has been changed since LVM was
Volumes which correspond to CD-ROM drives have an asterisk and
an arrow next to the drive letter (' *-> '). This is used to indicate that
the volume does not actually have a fixed drive letter, but will simply
Appendix C: Logical Volume Manager 39
40 eComStation Manual
use the next letter available. The letter shown is the one currently
being used, which may change if that letter is assigned to a different
This column indicates whether the volume is a compatibility volume
or LVM volume.
This indicates whether a volume is startable, bootable, installable, or
none of these.
File System
Indicates the type of file system which the volume is using. LVM itself
does not create or alter file systems. This column simply reports
which file systems are in use, if any.
Size (MB)
This column indicates the total size of the volume, in megabytes
(Mb). This size should be equal to the total size of all partitions in the
Individual volumes within the list may be selected by using the up and
down arrow keys on your keyboard. The currently-selected volume is
indicated by a coloured 'selection bar'.
Throughout LVM, you may choose from a set of options relevant to the
currently-selected item by pressing the 'Enter' key. This will cause an
option menu to appear.
In this case, selecting a volume and pressing 'Enter' will bring up the
volume options menu. (For more information, see the section on
volume options.)
names are only used within the actual LVM program, and are purely
for your convenience.
Size (MB)
This column indicates the size of the partition, in megabytes (Mb).
Disk Name
This column indicates the name of the physical disk on which the
partition is located.
Specific partitions within the volume partition list may be selected using
the keyboard. To select a partition, you must first select the volume to
which it belongs. With the desired volume selected, press the 'Tab' key,
and the volume partition list will become 'active'. A selection bar
appears in the volume partition list whenever it is active, allowing you to
select partitions within the list by using the up and down arrow keys. To
return focus to the volume list, press the 'Tab' key again.
Pressing 'Enter' when an item in the volume partition list is selected
will cause the volume partition options menu to appear.
The Logical View allows you to work with logical volumes, and to view
and rename the partitions within those volume; but it does not permit
any significant manipulation of partitions, or the disks on which they
reside. In order to work with disks and partitions, you will need to switch
over to the Physical View.
Use the 'F5' key to switch views.
The lower display area, referred to as the volume partition list, lists the
partitions that correspond to the currently-selected volume.
Every volume consists of either a single partition (if it is a compa- tibility
volume), or a set of partitions (if it is an LVM volume) which may span
multiple drives (this is one of the major advantages of LVM!)
The volume partition list displays the following attributes for each
Disk Partition
This column indicates the partition's name. Like the volume name (in
the volume list), the partition name is a short text label of up to 20
characters, which you may choose yourself. If you decide not to give
it a name of your own, then LVM will choose a default name. These
Appendix C: Logical Volume Manager 41
42 eComStation Manual
The Physical View
The Physical View does for physical disks what the Logical View does
for logical volumes. It allows you to view all disks and partitions present
in the system, and to manipulate them in a number of ways.
Like the Logical View, the Physical View is divided into upper and lower
display areas.
Size (MB)
This indicates the physical disk's total size, in megabytes.
Free Space
Total: This column indicates the total amount of free space (that is,
space which is not part of any partition) available on the disk. The
size is given in megabytes.
Largest: This column indicates the size of the largest contiguous
block of free space on the disk. If there is only one block of free
space, then this value will be the same as that shown under the
'Total' column.
As in the Logical View, the disk list has a 'selection bar' which allows
you to select a disk from within the list, using the up and down arrow
keys. Pressing the 'Enter' key will cause the disk options menu to
The lower display area, referred to as the disk partition list, lists all
partitions that exist on the currently-selected disk. It also shows blocks
of free space.
The disk partition list displays the following attributes for each partition
on the current disk:
The upper area, referred to as the disk list, lists all the physical disks
that exist on the system.
The disk list displays the following attributes for each disk present:
Physical Disk
This column indicates the disk's number and name. The number
represents the disk's physical identity within the computer.
The disk name, like volume and partition names, is a short text label
of up to 20 characters. LVM gives each disk a default name, but you
are free to change this name to a more descriptive one of your
These names have no real meaning to the system, and are purely for
your convenience.
Appendix C: Logical Volume Manager 43
Disk Partition
This column displays the name of each partition. As usual, the name
is a short text label of up to 20 characters. If you do not assign the
partition a name, LVM will give it a generic default name, usually
consisting of the letter 'A' and a number, enclosed in square
This column also indicates blocks of free space. Free space may be
recognized by the fact that only the 'Disk Partition' and 'Size' columns
have values. Free space blocks always have the name 'free space'
followed by a number, enclosed in square brackets. The number
indicates the relative position of the free space block on the disk, if
there is more than one such block.
Size (MB)
This column indicates the size of the partition or free space block, in
This column indicates whether the partition is a primary or logical
This column shows the current status of the partition. The possible
values are 'available' and 'in use'.
44 eComStation Manual
Logical Volume
This column indicates the name of the volume to which the partition
belongs, if any.
To select a partition, you must first select the disk on which it exists.
With the desired disk selected, press the 'Tab' key, and a selection bar
will appear in the disk partition list, allowing you to select partitions
using the up and down arrow keys. To return focus to the disk list,
press the 'Tab' key again.
Pressing 'Enter' when a partition is selected will cause the disk
partition options menu to appear.
Creating an installable volume
In order to install eComStation, you need to have at least one empty,
visible compatibility volume available on your hard disk.
If you do not already have a suitable volume ready to install
eComStation, you will need to create one.
Creating a volume may seem like a complicated procedure. To a
certain extent, it is. Managing hard disk partitions is not a trivial task
under any circumstances, and the fact that volume management offers
many powerful features unavoidably adds to the potential complexity.
Note: If you have already created an empty volume for the purpose of
installing eComStation (or from a preview installation), then you
should not need to create another one.
Tip: An excellent step by step guide is available in the online help
during installation, please consult it if you need to perform harddisk or
partition management. You can also view this document directly from
CD from the directory: \ecs\books\lvmhelp.inf
General Considerations
Make sure you have your harddisk layout the way you want it, before
you install eComStation. The use of partitioning tools, like
PartitionMagic of PowerQuest, FIPS, or others should be prevented if at
all possible after you have installed eComStation.
Under eComStation, instead of using standard disk partitions to arrange
your hard disks into logical drives, you use volumes.
Note: the eComStation Preview and the IBM MCP installer use a tool
to automatically "tag" all available partitions with a LVM "fingerprint". A
compatibility volume is simply a partition which has been tagged in
this way. The fingerprint is used by LVM to store extra information
specific to volume management.
This tool is called Volume
Conversion Utility (VCU) and is known to cause trouble on some
configurations. That is why the eComStation installer does not invoke
this tool automatically. This requires that you create the volumes
yourself with LVM.
Operating systems which do not "understand" logical volumes will
simply continue to treat compatibility volumes as partitions in the
traditional sense.
However, if non-LVM-aware software which performs partition-level disk
management is used, then this "fingerprint" may be inadvertently
erased. Such programs include the "FDISK" utilities from most other
operating systems, and also software such as Partition Magic from
PowerQuest. For this reason, it is strongly recommended that you do
not use such software on your system after installing eComStation.
If you must do so, then please read the following information carefully
If your system does not contain any special "LVM volumes" (as opposed
to simple compatibility volumes), then the use of such programs is not
likely to cause permanent data loss. In all probability, however,
eComStation will not be able to boot from the affected disk drive until
the LVM "fingerprints" are recreated. To do this, it will be necessary to
boot the system off the eComStation CD-ROM or recovery diskettes,
run LVM, and manually convert the partitions back into volumes. Once
this has been done, your volumes should be fully restored and
functional, with no loss of data.
Appendix C: Logical Volume Manager 45
46 eComStation Manual
Note: We cannot, however, guarantee that no data will be lost.
Partition management is an inherently risky business. Always back up
any and all existing data on the computer, before working with disk
partitions: whether through LVM, FDISK, Partition Magic, or any other
The situation alters, however, if the system contains any "LVM
volumes". Unlike compatibility volumes (which are fundamentally normal
partitions), LVM volumes depend on a special data format which other
partition management software (like FDISK or Partition Magic) does not
recognize. In such a case, the volume information could be corrupted
beyond recovery, resulting in the loss of all data stored on the LVM
Appendix D: Preboot Menu
The eComStation Boot Options Menu screen allows you to configure
the system to work with the hardware on your workstation. Most
computers will not require any changes in this screen in order to be able
to boot normally. However, if you have trouble getting the CD to boot,
then you can use the options on the Boot CD Device Selection screen
to configure eComStation so that it will be able to boot on your
The Boot Options Menu looks like this:
Therefore, if you believe you will have cause to use third-party
partition management software on your system, avoid using LVM
volumes. (As noted, you are discouraged from using such software at
Always back up all data on the system, before working with
partitions or volumes.
Each area on the screen will be described in detail in the following
sections. In general, if you do not understand what you see on this
screen, the best thing to try is to simply hit «Enter», boot the computer,
and see if it works. Most of the time, it will. If it does not, or if you wish to
change some of the defaults about how the system looks and acts when
you boot from the CD, you can make selections in this screen to try and
get the system to boot from the CD or to change things about how the
system behaves after you have booted.
Appendix C: Logical Volume Manager 47
48 eComStation Manual
Please note that selections made in the "Boot Options Menu" will be
used to configure the installation which will be created on your
Navigating the eComstation Boot Options Menu
The controls you use to change the various settings on the screen are
the arrow keys, the «Tab» key, and the «Spacebar». Once you have
configured the devices, you can use the «Enter» key to continue the
boot. Here is a brief description of each of these controls:
«Tab»: or «Right-Arrow»: Use either of these keys to move to the
next field.
! «Shift+Tab» or «Left-Arrow»: Use either of these keys to move
to the previous field.
! «Spacebar», «Up-Arrow», and «Down-Arrow»: Use these keys to
modify the value of the currently selected field. Fields that use a
checkmark to select whether a particular option is on or off can be
toggled by using the space bar. When there are several options that
are available in a field, you can scroll through them using the «Left»
and «Right» arrows.
! Use the «Enter» key to continue booting once you have configured
the setup to your satisfaction.
There are three options in the International Settings section of the
Miscellaneous area of the screen. They are as follows:
! Country Code: This option lets you select the number that
represents your country of origin. There is a list available of all
countries and their country codes in the online documentation. If you
don't know your country code, select the default, and look up your
country code after you have reached the desktop by typing "help
country" at an eCS command prompt. Most of the time, the country
code is the same three digit number as the one used for your country
in the international phone system.
! Keyboard: This option lets you select which keyboard layout you will
be using. If you do not know the code of the keyboard you are using,
then boot the system and type 'help keyb' at an eCS command
prompt, and click on the 'layout' link in the command reference.
You will see a complete list of all the keyboard layouts available to
the system.
! Codepage: You can use this option to select which codepage you
wish the system to use. If you are not sure which codepage you
would like to use, select the default and then type 'help codepage'
at an eCS command prompt to see a complete list of all the
codepages that are on the system.
The Configuration Options Available
System Configuration
The following options allow you to customise the operation of
eComStation as a system while it is booted from CD.
Miscellaneous settings
There are three groups of options in this area of the screen. The first
allows you to configure the International options of eComStation, such
as which keyboardlayout you are using, which codepage you are using
and which country you are in. The second set of options allows you to
select which drive you would like to use for your swap partition, if any,
and where you would like the system initialization files to be stored. The
main reason for being able to modify these settings is to make sure your
system can succesfully boot from CD. If you have more than one CD
device in your computer for example, you should change the eCS CD
Drive, User init file and System init file settings all to read T: (if you put
the eCS boot CD in the second drive). Please experiment with these
settings when you get an error 'cannot operate harddrive'
during the CD bootprocess.
International Settings
Appendix D: Preboot Menu 49
Ram drive: this is the driveletter that will be assigned to the RAM
drive from which the CD will boot the eComStation
Install/Maintenance system. Obviouslym this letter should not already
be assigned in your computer, that is why the default value is the
letter Z:
! Swap file drive: This setting controls which drive the swap file will be
stored on. It defaults to the RAM disk created by the system when it
boots up, so as to avoid the extremely unlikely possibility of
damaging any existing system on the hard disk. However, if you wish,
you can point the system to a disk on the hard drive. This is
especially useful on computers with 64 MB RAM or less. Note: You
need to have your harddisk LVM enabled to use this feature.
! Reserve drive: This controls some of the drive letter assignments
eComStation will use when booted from the CD. The default is to use
the RESERVEDRIVELETTER setting to force the CD-ROM to drive
R: and to use drive Z: as the ramdisk for certain parts of the system.
50 eComStation Manual
eCS CD drive: This is the driveletter that will be assigned to the CD
drive where your eComStation boot CD resides in. Normally this
would be the letter following the Reserved drive letter assigned
before. If you have more than one CD device however, you would
need to check what letter is assigned to your eCS CD boot drive. To
do this, press ALT-F1 during the boot process (from CD#1) and at
the blue screen that appears, press 'S' - search for eCS CD. A so
called command prompt will appear, at which you can type the
command CDDRIVE.EXE - that will report which drive letter got
assigned to your CD drive. An example report is displayed below: all
available CD devices are reported as File System 'CDFS' - in this
particular case, there is just one CD device, the label eCS_CDRun
indicates this is the eComStation Boot CD.
eCS Command Interpreter version 4.5
eCS Drive Info
File System
Additional Information
User init and System init: should always point to the eCS CD drive,
unless you tweak them and store them on another accessible
Desktop bootoptions
! Installer: This will boot into the eComStation installer once your
desktop is ready. This is default enabled and should be disabled only
if you would like to do maintenance to your system with the CD boot
option, but not install eComStation.
! Desktop: This option (selected by default) controls whether or not
the Desktop is loaded when you boot eComStation from the CD.
When booted to the desktop you have full access to your system and
can use for example tools on available haddrive volumes to examine
your system. Booting the desktop from CD does slow down the boot
process however, so you may want to disable this selection.
! Pause boot on Error: This setting controls whether or not the
system pauses if there are any drivers not loading properly during the
system boot. In general, if you are having some problems booting
from the CD-ROM drive, leave this option checked. However, if you
are customarily booting from the CD-ROM drive and you know
everything works, you can disable this option to speed up boot times
a bit.
! No swap: This will prevent the system from creating and using a
swap file while booted from CD. This is the default behaviour if your
harddrive is not yet LVM enabled. (It will fail to create the swapfile)
! USB: This enables USB support for your system. If you own and use
USB keyboard, mouse or modem, enabling this option activates
support. See Chapter 3 for more detail.
eComStation will be able to boot from CD to a full color desktop by
using a generic displaydriver created by IBM called GENGRADD. Most
display adapters are supported by this driver and thus will successfully
boot to a desktop. You can select the screen resolution in which you
would like the desktop to appear, by selecting one of the values from
640 x 480 - 1280 x 1024. Choosing Auto select will let eComStation
determine the best available screen resolution.
The color depth is also selectable, choose between 256 colors or 64k
By selecting Legacy VGA you will revert to the generic VGA driver.
Almost every display adapter available is supported by this driver and
you can use this setting to thus will successfully boot to a (16 color)
desktop. Notebook computers are most likely to give trouble with
GENGRADD, so for these you might want to select legacy VGA.
The ATAPI/IDE Controller area lets you configure the way eComStation
will handle the IDE interface in your system. There are three main
options in this area:
Enhanced: Check this option to use the enhanced IDE driver for your
IDE controller. This is the driver written by Daniela Engert, and
includes many improvements to the IBM driver so that it will work
better and with a wider range of devices (notably are UDMA100 and
UDMA66 controllers and drives)
! Standard: Check this option to use the standard IDE driver for your
IDE controller. This is the driver written by IBM
! None: Check this option if you don't use any IDE devices at all and
don't want to load an IDE driver.
Miscellaneous storage
Appendix D: Preboot Menu 51
52 eComStation Manual
Load ATA before SCSI: Check this option if you have both IDE and
SCSI devices in your system and are booting from an IDE CD-ROM.
If you have a mixed IDE and SCSI system and are booting from a
SCSI CD-ROM, then make sure this option is unchecked. If you try to
boot your computer and it doesn't work, changing this option is
probably the first thing you should try.
MO disk large sector: This setting is required for (large) MO
devices/disks with sector sizes other than 512 bytes. Refer to your
MO manual to find out if you require this.
Generic INT13 driver: Use the BIOS to access your harddrive. This
driver will only make drives available that do not are not supported by
any other driver in the system. It will not use harddiskspace above
8.4 GB, even when you have more available. This driver is rarely
Floppy: Load floppy drive support for diskettedrives of 360 kB to 2.88
DASD: This is a required setting. Disabling it will prohibit access to
your local drives. Obviously you should not disable this driver. (The
setting is redundant)
JJSCDROM: JJSCDROM is a replacement CD-ROM file system
driver, and supports some of the more recent Microsoft Joliet formats
not supported by the IBM driver. If you are having trouble accessing
some CDs while in eComStation, try using this driver to see if it
improves the ability to use those CD's
SCSI Support
Many SCSI controllers will work normally with default settings. However,
there are some types of SCSI controllers that can create problems.
Most notably, these devices tend to either be Adaptec, LSI, or Tekram
controllers. If you have a SCSI controller in your computer and are
having trouble getting the system to boot, find out what kind of controller
you have and select the appropriate driver for your controller. Here is a
list of the options listed, the physical driver and the hostadapters they
Menu Option
Adaptec U160
Adaptec 78U2
Adaptec 7870
Advansys ASC
Appendix D: Preboot Menu 53
Supported Host Adapters
Adaptec: AHA-29160/LP/N,
OEM: AIC-7892, AIC-7899
AIC78U2.ADD Adaptec: AHA-2940U2B/U2W,
AHA-2950U2B, AHA-3950U2B/U2D,
OEM: AHA-2940U2, AIC-7890,
AIC-7891, AIC-7896, AIC-7897
Adaptec: APA-1480, AVA-2904CD,
AHA-2910/B/C, AHA-2915C,
AHA-2920C, AHA-2930/B/C/CU/U,
AHA-2940/AU/U/U Dual/UW/UW
Dual/UW Pro/W,
AHA-4944UW/W, AVA-2902E,
AVA-2904, AVA-2906
Asus: PCI-AS2940UW, PCI-SC300
OEM: AIC-7850, AIC-7855, AIC-7856,
AIC-7860, AIC-7870, AIC-7880, AIC-7895
Adaptec: AHA-174x, AHA154x,
AHA174X.ADD APA-1460, AVA-150x, AVA-/AHA-151x,
AHA154X.ADD AHA-152x, AHA-153x, AVA-1825,
AHA152X.ADD AVA-2825, AHA-274xA/AT/W,
AHA-284xA, AHA-274xT
DTC: DTC-329x
Tekram: DC-300B, DC-320, DC-380,
DC800/B, DC-820/B, DC-880/B
Advansys: ABP-3925, ABP510, ABP5140,
ABP5150, ABP5142, ABP542, ABP742,
ABP752, ABP842, ABP852, ABP920,
54 eComStation Manual
I2O Storage
ABP930/U, ABP940/U, ABP950,
ABP960/U, ABP970/U
Iomega: ABP-960U, Jaz Jet
Iwill: SIDE-2930/C/CR/U/U+
SIIG: i540 SpeedMaster, i542
SpeedMaster, Fast SCSI Pro PCI
FLASHPT.ADD BusLogic: BT-/KT-440/C,
BT-/KT-445/C/S, BT-/KT-540/C/CF,
BT-/KT-542/B/C/D, BT-/KT-545/C/S,
BT-/KT-640/A, BT-/KT-646/D/S,
BT-/KT-742/A, BT-/KT-746C,
Buslogic/Mylex: BT-/KT-930 Flashpoint
LT, BT-/KT-932 Flashpoint DL,
BT-/KT-950 Flashpoint LW, BT-/KT-952
Flashpoint DW, BT-/KT-946/C
Multimaster, BT-/KT-948/C Multimaster,
BT-/KT-956/C/CD Multimaster,
BT-/KT-958/C/CD/D Multimaster
I2OXPORT.SYS I2O Storage and Transport Operating
I2OSOSM.ADD System Module
I2O stands for Input to Output, which is a
new specification that may come to support
many different types of computer devices. If
you have any I2O storage devices in your
PC, check this selection to load the I2O
driver so that you can use them.
CMC: PowerPort 3194U2W80, PowerPort
INI-9520U/UW I/O BAHN, INI-9100/W,
INI-6100, INI-6102
Iwill: SIDE-2935LVD, SIDE-2935UW
NMC: A100U2W, 9100U/UW
OEM: INIC-1060, INIC-940, INIC-950,
QL12OS2.ADD QLogic: QLA1240/D, QLA1000-PI,
QL10OS2.ADD QLA1001-PI, QLA1020-PI, QLA1021,
QLA1040-PI, QLA1041-PI, QLA910-PI,
Appendix D: Preboot Menu 55
(selecting the
RAID option will
cause DPT, IBM
and Mylex
drivers to be
RAID (Mylex)
the selection of
this driver in the
pre-boot screen
does not save it
to your final
Please refer to
the Installation
section of
Appendix E)
56 eComStation Manual
QLA940-PI, QLA510-PI,
QLA402-EA/-IA/-VL, QLA405-E/-I,
QLA406-HD, QLA410-PA
DPT: PM2011 SmartCache Plus, PM2012B
SmartCache III, PM2022 SmartCache III,
PM2024 SmartCache III, PM2041FW/W
SmartCache IV, PM2042FW/W
SmartCache IV, PM2044UW/W
SmartCache IV, PM2122 SmartCache III,
PM2124/W SmartCache III, PM2142FW/W
SmartCache IV, PM2144UW/W
SmartCache IV, PM3222/W SmartRAID,
PM3224/W SmartRAID, PM3332UW/W
SmartRAID IV, PM3334UW/W
IBM: ServeRAID, ServeRAID/2,
ServeRAID II, ServeRAID-3H/-3L
LSI/Symbios: LSI/SYM21002,
LSI/SYM21040, LSI/SYM22902,
LSI/SYM22903, LSI/SYM22910,
LSI/SYM22915, LSI/SYM8953U,
LSI/SYM8955U (33 & 66 MHz)
Tekram: DC-390U3D/U3W
LSI/SYM53C896, LSI/SYM53C1000,
Advance: 2931U2W Home, 2941UW/U2W
Aresys: CI-4500UW
Asus: PCI-SC200, PCI-SC860, PCI-SC875
DawiControl: DC-2975U, DC-2976UW,
Intraserver: ITI-3140U
LSI/Symbios: LSI/SYM20810,
LSI/SYM20860, LSI/SYM22801,
NCR: NCR8100S, NCR8150S, NCR8250S,
Tyan: Yorktown
OEM: NCR53C810, NCR53C815,
NCR53C825, LSI/SYM53C810/A/AE,
LSI/SYM53C815, LSI/SYM53C825,
LSI/SYM53C875/E, LSI/SYM53C876,
LSI/SYM53C885, LSI/SYM53C895/A
TMSCSIW.ADD Tekram: DC-310/U,
TRM3X5.ADD Tekram: DC-305E/I, DC-315U,
This list can also be found on the eComStation CD#1 in
Appendix E: Troubleshooting
This chapter discusses some common problems you may encounter
during the installation of eComStation. It is composed of several
sources and documents, the main text however is found as the
known.issues document in the root of eCS CD#1.
For a more extensive list of problems and solutions, please see the
support forum at: and the
newsserver at: news://
Q: The system will not boot from the bootable CD.
A1: Verify that your motherboard and/or disk controller BIOS support
booting from CD and that you selected the right boot order.
A2: Watch the cd-rom ready light and the BIOS cd boot messages. Did the
cd-rom become ready after the BIOS checked for a CD? If the cd-rom is
taking too long to become ready, check if there is setting in the motherboard
or disk controller BIOS to delay or wait longer for the cd-rom to become
ready. In some cases a newer BIOS may provide this feature. Sometimes
you can delay the boot process by pressing the Pause key.
Q: When booted to the command line, issuing the command
ecsmakedisk.exe does not bring up the shell properly.
A: Issue the command pmshell.exe instead. The installer will still appear
Q: During Phase 1 (booted from CD or diskette) the system will hang on a
command session (usually windowed) with endless looping command
prompts. For example: [S:\][S:\][S:\][S:\][S:\][S:\][S:\]
A: This happens with some display adapters. Try to close the session. If you
can't close the session you will need to reboot by pressing Ctrl+Alt+Del.
Try to invoke the function you were running through a different path (ie. use
the menu).
Q: I created a volume using LVM, but I cannot make it bootable, what is
A: If you created the volume from the Logical View of LVM, the volume will
always be created as a logical partition. To make this type of partition
bootable, you need to install the bootmanager. If you want to create a volume
as a primary partition, use the Physical View.
Appendix D: Preboot Menu 57
58 eComStation Manual
Q: At the end of phase 1 of the installation, a command window came up with
example:[A:\][A:\][A:\][A:\][A:\][A:\] I can not kill it. What do I
A: This is a result of some combinations of video adapter and the mouse
driver which surface under certain conditions when booted from the CD. If
the installer displayed a screen indicating "eCS installation completed.", try
rebooting the machine. If the machine boots from the target volume cleanly
and continues the installation, there is nothing to worry about.
If, however, it fails to boot, the last part of phase 1 did not get completed.
Boot from the CD again, wait for the desktop to come up, start a full screen
command session. At the command line, issue the command:
s:\ecs\instexit.cmd t: s: PHASE3
where s: is your CD-ROM drive letter, and t: is the target drive letter. When
finished, reboot and to continue the installation
Q: My machine locked up during installation how can I restart the
A: If the machine locked up after the first reboot you should bring up
WiseMachine from your desktop, go to Utility -> Selective Install
-> eCS Installation - phase 2. It will ask you for the eCS CD#1
(since some files will have to be copied to the harddrive), and then you can
continue with the installation process. If the machine locked up after the
second reboot you should select phase 3 from the WiseMachine menu to
restart the installation
Q: During phase 2, I invoked the Selective Install for Networking and the
main window of the Network installer popped up. Before I finish, I get a
messagebox that asked me if I cancelled the Networking Installer. What's
going on?
A: We are seeing this on some machines. When that happens do you, ignore
the message box and leave it open while continuing with Selective Install for
Networking. If the message box remains after Selective Install for Networking
has closed you can dismiss it by answering "No".
Q: I would like to invoke some commandline commands from the CD booted
eComStation desktop. Selecting the Full Screen Command Prompt doesn't
do anything.
A: The command prompt opens in the background. Please use the
CTRL+ESC keys and select it from the window list.
Q: My system hangs or freezes when during startup, before I get the
Presentation Manager.
A: If the boot process hangs during boot you can disable hardware detection.
Press Alt+F1 before the logo and select disable Hardware
Appendix E: Troubleshooting 59
Q: After the first reboot I can not see anything on my screen and I am using a
SiS videochipset
A: Your video-chipset is not supported properly by the SDD videodriver.
Please press ALT+F1 before the logo appears and select F3 - reset
primary video to generic default display and reboot.
Q: LVM reports no recognizable filesystems and no freespace.
A: Currently FAT32, NTFS, EXT2 and other filesystems will not be
recognized by the eCS. Please use other disk tools to create space for eCS
bootmanager and boot partition, then let LVM create the eCS partitions and
BootManager during installation. After using LVM, do NOT use any other
FDISK programs.
Q: When trying to run the installer for networking my computer locks up /
A: This is being caused by the hardware detection. Not all computers can
handle the low level hardware probing that takes place in this process, so
you should disable hardware detection and run the installer again.
You can disable hardware detection by renaming the file
\IBMINST\CLBSNIFF.EXE on your bootdrive. You can then manually select
your network adapter from the presented list. Or add the following line to your
config.sys to disable the sniffer: SET MPTS_SNIFF=/NS
Q: I have an Adaptec SCSI Adapter and SCSI CD-ROM and I couldn't get it
to boot the eCS bootable CD. A typical message is for this problem is
-- loading please wait ......
A: Check the following to settings:
1. In the Adaptec BIOS, for the cdrom device set disconnect "NO"
2. Also some cdroms will not work properly in sync mode, try turning off
initiate sync negotiation in the BIOS.
Q: When booting from the CD I get the following message:
eCS in unable to operate your hard disk or diskette
The system is stopped.
A: Is your cd-rom connected to a SCSI disk controller?
eCS supports more SCSI disk controllers than most other OSes. Due to the
large number of drivers there is a high possibility for a conflict between
drivers. If you have a SCSI controller you have to use the advanced pre-boot
menu (select boot option 2) and specify which SCSI driver you wish eCS to
use. See the readme ReadME-BootMenu.TXT for more info. Also Appendix
D lists all supported SCSI host adapters.
60 eComStation Manual
Q: I have an Adaptec SCSI Adapter and SCSI CD-ROM and I could not get it
to boot the eCS bootable CD. A typical scenario for this problem is that the
system is able to load the basedev drivers but not the device drivers. You
would get messages like this:
device=s:\ecs\boot\testcfg.sys specified in the device
statement is not valid
A: The system needs to have assigned drive letters to the cd-rom in order to
be able to load device drivers. Try using the JJSCDROM driver. Reboot the
system and select option 2 for advanced boot. In the menu select the
JJSCDROM option.
Q: My system contains one of the SymBios based SCSI host adapters (as
listed in Appendix D)
It boots properly from the eCS CD#1, but after installation (and the first
reboot) I cannot start the system anymore.
A: Unfortunately a small bug has surfaced in the eCS installation program.
This causes the SymBios driver to be omitted from the config.sys which is
placed on your bootdrive. The solution to this is to edit your config.sys
right before the eCS installer wants you to reboot your computer. Add a line
to your config.sys (after other basedev lines) which states:
Please note that newer versions of JFS have known to have problems
handling partitions formatted by earlier versions of JFS. If you are using a
newer version of JFS and during bootup, JFS fails to complete the chkdsk
process in a speedy manner, you might try booting up from the eCS CD or
from a maintenance partition that uses the earlier JFS. If JFS is successful
there, shutdown the system normally and reboot onto the volume that uses
the newer JFS.
Q: When I dial into the Internet with InJoy, my computer crashes just when
the connection is ready, this will happen mostly when you dial in for the
second time.
A: There is an error in the TCPIP stack which causes this behaviour. Please
review the file \fixes\ibm-official\tcpip43\ic27649.txt on
CD#3 for the solution to this problem.
Q: I get a SYS#### error when I close LVM.EXE.
A: Sometimes a SYS error appears when exiting LVM, whether changes
have been made or not. This error does not seem to present a problem with
the function of LVM and it's manipulation of the disk. You can safely ignore
this error.
Q: How to invoke the eCS Clock, with it's pretty looks?
A: You can always start the eCS clock by clicking with the right button on the
clock in the eComCenter.
Q: After eCS installation, every time I reboot, I keep getting this big banner
"Please Wait" and it doesn't go away.
A: For some reason, the cleanup code in the eCS installation program was
interrupted. Edit your startup.cmd and see if there is a section of entries
sandwiched by "rem
WiseMachine" and "rem
WiseMachine". If so, delete all the lines between these two lines (including
the two lines themselves). You might end up with nothing after that. If so,
simply delete the startup.cmd file.
Q: My computer beeps, and the harddisk is spinning up and down all the
time, what is going on?
A: Probably you have a problem with reading from harddisk. If eCS detects
problems with reading from harddisk it tries to recover by resetting the
diskcontroller. A common reason for read problems is a computer that is not
properly grounded. Please check the electric grounding of your PC.
Q: I heard that eComStation is supposed to be super-fast. Why do I have the
impression it is very slow?
A: It feels slow because your system might have a motherboard that is not
reporting the amount of system memory to eCS properly. As a result, a lot of
diskswapping will take place. You need to use either a newer kernel, or a
kernel patch. Go to the directory \patchldr on the eCS CD#1 and please
read the file readme.first
Q: What version of JFS (Journaled File System) is used?
A: eComStation is using the 5/08/2001 update to JFS. If you would like the
backup MCP GA version of the files, these are available on eCS CD#3:
We can not recommend using fixes you find elsewhere on the internet. For
the latest fixes please refer to our website.
Appendix E: Troubleshooting 61
Q: I deployed Object Desktop using WiseMachine. After a reboot the Object
Desktop banner came up while I opened the template folder and my machine
became unusable.
A: After the reboot, do not open the template folder. Open the Object
Desktop folder and start the "Workplace Shell Class Editor". This will pop up
the Object Desktop banner without locking up your machine. The banner will
appear only once and will not affect the template folder afterwards.
Q: How do I "move" an application that was deployed with WiseMachine?
A: The current version of WiseMachine does not support moving an
application automatically. You must perform a "remove" (from the list of
installed applications) first. When you do a remove, WiseMachine
de-registers any WPS dlls for that application - if there is any, and then clean
62 eComStation Manual
up config.sys, desktop ICONs, and any entries in systems files relating to this
particular application.
However, the actual directory containing the
application code is NOT removed. (This is intentional. If you DO want to
remove the application code, you can do so by manually deleting the files).
After removal, you can re-deploy that application by pointing the "source" to
the original location, and set the "destination" to the new location.
WiseMachine will then make a copy of the code and re-deploy it accordingly.
You can remove the original copy after that. A move function will be added in
future versions of WiseMachine.
Q: I am trying to install a program using WiseMachine or eCSGuides and the
install window never appears?
A: Check that the install window did not appear in the background. Use the
Ctrl+Ecs keys to bring up the window list. Select the program and press
Q: I want to restart Phase 2 / Phase 3 of the eComStation Installation
process using WiseMachine, but this does not affect my desktop, while I
would like it to do just that!
A: The installation process sets two values in your USER.INI file, which you
can remove to let the installer do a 'complete' Phase 2 or 3 re-install. Open
REGEDIT2.EXE (from a Command Prompt) and use the Edit -> Find
option to locate the ECOMSTATION entry. You can simply remove it.
APPENDIX F: Getting support
If you run into problems with eComStation there are several places to
get support. First of all a lot of documentation is included with the
product. Most of it are text files which you can read with an editor like
tedit.exe or e.exe. The .inf files can be viewed with view.exe and
the .pdf files with acroread.exe. All these applications are included in
startable form on CD. On the CD's you can find the following
General Documents - CD1
General info on eComStation - Last minute installation notes and a quick
troubleshooter for CD boot
Documentation from Merlin Convenience Pack - Information for installing
from CD#2 (from IBM)
Addenda to readme.txt
Information on the new functionality since the release of WSeB - chapter 4
discusses LVM and JFS
LVM documentation from Serenity Systems - includes tutorial approach for
setting up your system
LVM documentation from IBM
Documentation for migration - mainly targetted at WSeB - chapter 7
discusses LVM and JFS
Next to these documents you can find the helpfiles in .inf format for
eComStation in the following directory: \OS2\BOOK
Drivers Related - CD1
Documentation for the UDF Installable Filesystem (ifs)
These subdirectories contain documentation for the USB drivers
Documentation for the Bootloader patch to allow detection of >64MB on
some machines
Appendix E: Troubleshooting 63
64 eComStation Manual
Recovery and Diagnostic Tools - CD1
Documentation for the Graham Utilities - Filesystem and Recovery tools.
Please note that the Graham Utilities can be run directly from CD to
provide maintenance possibilities for your system
important warnings and documentation about the use of WPTools
Application documentation - CD1
Documentation for the ThemeManager
Documentation for eStylerLite
Documentation for WiseMachineLocal
explanation of WiseApp, a utility to create your own WiseMachine
Drivers Related - CD3
Documentation for the Daniela IDE driver
Documentation for the Daniela ATAPI driver
Documentation for the IBM IDE and ATAPI drivers
Documentation for the parallel port driver with PCI support
Documentation for the IBM RAID controller drivers
Readme for the Epson OMNI drivers
Readme for the Apadaptec 7800 family drivers
Readme for the LSI SCSI drivers
Readme for the LSI SCSI drivers
FAQ for the LSI SCSI drivers
Readme for the QLogic SCSI drivers
CID installation manual for PC Card Director (Play at Will)
Appendix F: Getting Support 65
Installation manual for PC Card Director (Play at Will)
Documentation of known issues with SciTech Display Doctor
Manual, installation instructions and information on
Readme for the eCS Multimedia Pack 1.0
Please note:
! Some other packed drivers can also be found in the drivers directory
on CD#3, to read their documentation unpack the drivers to a
temporary directory first.
! In the directory Fixes you will find supported and unsupported fixes.
All fixes include a text file description and installation instructions.
Information on the internet
If the readme's do not help, you can always try to consult the support
forums on the internet, to help you forums have been created at the
following sites:
Other websites of interest are:
Alternatively you could have a look at the OS/2 newsgroups or mailing
lists and the OS/2 and eComStation usergroups.
66 eComStation Manual
Appendix G: Coexisting with other OSes
eComStation is very well capable of coexisting with other Oses on your
computer. This can be convenient in some situations, where you may
want to use certain applications which are not able to run on
eComStation. There are some details you should pay attention to, which
are listed below. If you want to exchange data between Oses, make
sure you have a volume which is read/writeable by these systems. Most
of the time special drivers will be required to make this possible.
General Considerations
Make sure you have your harddisk layout the way you want it, before
you install eComStation. The use of partitioning tools, like
PartitionMagic of PowerQuest, FIPS, or others should be prevented if at
all possible after you have installed eComStation. If you do want to
change your harddisk layout, please consult Appendix D; LVM.
Windows NT/2000
If you are going to install Windows 2000 on your computer, please
install Windows 2000 and then apply service pack 2 first. If you already
have Windows 2000 on your system and want to install eComStation,
also install service pack 2. If you do not do this, every time Windows
2000 starts up, it will destroy the eCS boot manager. This is a bug in
Windows 2000. If your boot manager is destroyed you can restore it by
booting eCS from the installation CD#1 and run LVM, where you can
reinstall the bootmanager.
Windows 95, 98 or Me
If you have installed eCS and you are going to install Windows 95, 98 or
Windows Me you will receive a warning about a 'bootmanager being
disabled' or that you will 'no longer be able to start OS/2'. Ignore these
warnings. When the installation has finished you can enable the
bootmanager again by starting FDISK (from DOS) and via option 2 mark
the smallest available partition as active (the bootmanager partition is
usely about 4 to 7 MB in size).
To access FAT32 partitions on your harddisk, please refer to the
Miscellaneous section of Chapter 3.
VFAT partitions require the use of a VFAT driver, these are available on
another option to access VFAT partitions is by using NetDrive:
eComStation can be installed without problems alongside a Linux
installation on the same system. Please use the LVM Bootmanager
instead of lilo.
To read/write HPFS volumes you will need to obtain a module for Linux.
To access Linux ext2fs partitions you require the driver available on
CD#3: \THIRDPARTY\MoreStuff\
Please note that the OpenJFS is not compatible with eComStation
JFS and as such it is not advised to access your JFS volume from
Linux. This may change in the future.
If you are using Windows N.T. 4.0 there is an option that you can mark
a partition as not having a drive letter. Windows 2000 on the other hand
does not have this option. Because of this, Windows 2000 will list HPFS
partitions as being available in 'My Computer'. If you double click on
that drive letter it will say it can not read that partition and sometimes
you will be prompted with an option to format it. Of course you should
not accept this offer, since it will render your HPFS volume useless.
Appendix G: Coexisting with other OSes 67
68 eComStation Manual
Cover design by "Meneer van Rooijen"
Artwork by Paul Jarvinen
©2001, Mensys BV, The Netherlands
Printed in the Netherlands
PDF Rev 1.0.1
Appendix G: Coexisting with other OSes 69
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