GEA-12947

GEA-12947
Generator Protection
Multilin™
489
GENERATOR PROTECTION SYSTEM
Economical protection, monitoring and
metering for generators
KEY BENEFITS
• Complete, secure protection of small to medium sized
generators
• Easy to use generator protection system supported by and
industry leading suite of software tools.
• Advanced protection and monitoring features including the
use of RTDs for stator and bearing thermal protection and
Analog Inputs for vibration monitoring
• Global acceptance as a member of the most renown
protection relay product family in the market.
• Draw-out construction allowing for minimized downtime and
easy removal/installation of the 489 during maintenance
routines
• Large, user-friendly front panel interface allowing for realtime power monitoring and setpoint access with a display
that is easily readable in direct sunlight
• Enhanced generator troubleshooting through the use of IRIGB time synchronized event records, waveform capturing, and
data loggers
• Simplified setpoint verification testing using built in waveform
simulation functionality
• Cost effective access to information through industry
standard communication hardware (RS232, RS485, 10BaseT
Ethernet) and protocols (Modbus RTU, Modbus TCP/IP, DNP
3.0)
• Available for use in most extreme harsh locations with the
available Harsh Chemical Environment Option
APPLICATIONS
• Synchronous or induction generators operating at 25Hz,
50Hz or 60Hz
• Primary or backup protection in cogeneration applications
FEATURES
Protection and Control
Monitoring and Metering
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• Metering – current, voltage, power, Energy, frequency,
power factor
• Demand – current, watts, vars, VA
• Temperature – 12 RTD inputs
• Vibration and Speed – 4 analog transducer inputs
• Event Recorder – 256 time tagged events
• Oscillography – 12 samples/ cycle up to 128 cycles in length
• Trending – 8 parameters with up to a 5 second sample rate
Generator stator differential
100% stator ground
Loss of excitation
Distance backup
Reverse power (anti-motoring)
Overexcitation
Ground directional overcurrent
Inadvertent energization
Breaker failure
Stator and bearing thermal monitoring
Stator and bearing vibration monitoring
Negative sequence overcurrent
Communications
• Networking interfaces - RS232, RS485, 10Mbps copper
Ethernet
• Multiple protocols - ModBus™ RTU, ModBus™ TCP/IP, DNP
3.0 Level 2
g
Digital Energy
EnerVistaTM Software
• State of the art software for configuration and
commissioning Multilin products
• Document and software archiving toolset to ensure reference
material and device utilities are up-to-date
• Ease to use real time monitoring, control, and data archiving
software available
•EnerVistaTM Integrator providing easy integration of data in
the 489 into new or existing monitoring and control systems
1
Generator Protection
489 Generator Protection System
Protection and Control
100% Stator Ground
The 489 Generator Protection System
provides comprehensive protection,
metering, and monitoring of small to
medium sized synchronous or induction
generators operating at 25, 50 or 60 Hz. The
489 is ideally suited for primary or backup
generator protection as well as for use
in cogeneration applications. Protection
features found in the 489 include:
100% stator ground fault protection is
provided through an overvoltage element
and an adaptive voltage differential feature
responding to the unbalance of the third
harmonic at the machine terminals and
at the neutral point. The 489 compares
the machine neutral voltage and ground
current to determine if ground directional
faults are within or outside the generator.
Generator Stator Differential
Backup Phase Distance
The 489 utilizes high-speed dual slope
differential protection for detecting and
clearing of stator phase faults. Advanced
CT saturation detection algorithms
maintain immunity to saturation
conditions that may be caused due to
external disturbances through the use of a
directional check that provides additional
supervision and ensures the fault is
internal to the generator before triggering
it to trip.
Two separate phase distance elements
provide time-delayed backup protection
for generator faults that have not
otherwise been cleared by the primary
system and generator protections. The
distance characteristic can compensate
for a unit delta/wye power transformer
that is located between the generator and
the end of the zone of protection.
Sensitive Directional Power
The 489 provides low forward power
and reverse power elements to prevent
Functional Block Diagram
52
Trip Coil
Supervision
Device
Number
12
21P
24
27P
27/50
27TN/59N
32
38
39
40
46
47
49
50BF
50P
50G
51P
51G
51_2
51V
59P
67G
81O
81U
86
87G
VTFF
27P
47
81O
40
81U
24
21P
38
GENERATOR
32
12
49
27/50
51V
39
VTFF
76
46
49
Output
relays
Output
relays
6
86
50BF
50P
87G
10BaseT
R S23 2
67G 50G 51G
27TN/59N
RS485
RS485
+
+
-
4
4
Analog
outputs
Analog
inputs
808783E6.cdr
2
Breaker Failure
The embedded breaker failure function
in the 489 allows for improved system
dependability without the additional cost
of providing an independent breaker
failure relay. Upon detection of a
breaker failure condition, the 489 can be
configured to operate one of its 4 available
digital outputs to signal upstream devices
to quickly isolate the fault.
Loss of Excitation
Generator loss of excitation protection is
provided through two negative offset mho
characteristics as per IEEEC37.102 and
has independent pickup delay setting for
each characteristic. The loss of excitation
element will be blocked from tripping if
a VT fuse fail condition is detected or if
the Voltage Supervision characteristic is
ANSI Device Numbers & Functions
489 GENERATOR
PR OTECTION S YS TE M
59P
41
generator motoring that can cause
damage the prime mover. Independent
settings for power pickup levels and
operational delays are available for both
alarming and tripping of each element.
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Function
Overspeed protection
Phase distance
Volts/Hz
Phase undervoltage
Accidental generator energization
100% stator earth fault
Directional power
Bearing overtemperature (RTD)
Bearing vibration
Loss of excitation
Stator current unbalance
Phase reversal
Thermal overload
Breaker failure
Phase instantaneous overcurrent
Ground instantaneous overcurrent
Phase time overcurrent
Ground time overcurrent
Negative Sequence Time Overcurrent
Voltage restrained time overcurrent
Phase overvoltage
Ground directional overcurrent
Overfrequency
Underfrequency
Lockout
Generator differential
VT fuse failure
489 Generator Protection System
demand metering are built into the relay
as a standard feature. Current and voltage
parameters are available as total RMS
magnitude, and as fundamental frequency
magnitude and angle. Metered values can
be read from the relay using one of the
available communications ports or on the
relay’s front panel display.
time and continuous negative sequence
current rated limits.
Abnormal Frequency Protection
Stator Thermal Protection
The 489 provides thermal modeling
overload protection to prevent generator
damage caused by generator overheating.
The thermal model algorithms incorporate
current unbalance biasing and RTD biasing
which provides accurate modeling of the
actual generator temperature. The 489
can be configured to trip the generator
offline when the generator’s thermal limits
are reached, or close an Alarm contact
that signals operations personnel to take
appropriate actions.
Bearing Overtemperature
Twelve RTD inputs are provided that
may be configured to monitor and
protect against bearing overtemperature
conditions. The 489 provides the option
for using RTD voting which requires that
two RTDs simultaneously indicate an
overtemperature condition before it will
trip the generator offline. RTD voting
provides additional security against
tripping of generators when an invalid
overtemperature signal is received from a
malfunctioning RTD.
Negative Sequence Overcurrent
Rotor thermal protection is provided
through monitoring of negative sequence
current, which is a significant contributor
to rotor heating, to ensure it does not
increase above the generator’s capability
limits. The 489 provides a negative
sequence definite time overcurrent alarm
element and a negative sequence timed
overcurrent curve tripping element to
ensure the generator stays within it’s short
Event Recording
The 489 simplifies power generator
troubleshooting by creating a sequence
of events record that timestamps and logs
events of internal relay operations and the
operation of external devices connected
to the relay’s inputs. With each of the
last 256 events the 489 stores, the relay
will create a detailed event report that
includes the time and date of the event,
and the instantaneous value of all of the
voltages, phase currents, and differential
currents that were measured at the time
the event occurred.
Overcurrent Backup
Three voltage restrained overcurrent
elements provide backup protection for
system faults. The pickup level for the
inverse time curves of the overcurrent
elements are adjusted in conjunction with
the measured phase-to-phase voltage.
This feature is provided to protect against
prolonged generator contribution to a fault
on the system.
Oscillography
Postmortem analysis of generator faults
can be performed using the waveform
capture feature in the 489. The 489
samples the currents and voltages inputs
at a rate of 12 times per cycle and can
record records up to 128 cycles in length.
The recorded waveforms can be retrieved
and viewed using the EnerVista 489 Setup
Software and allows users to examine
the magnitudes and relationships of the
measured signals at the time of the fault.
Monitoring and Metering
The 489 includes high accuracy metering
and recording for all AC signals. Voltage,
current , frequency, power, energy, and
1000
K =1 .0
4 .0
15
40 100
100
Time (Seconds)
A negative mho element can be used to detect a
loss of excitation of the generator
Operation of generators at off-nominal
frequencies can have extremely detrimental
effects on both the generator itself and
the associated prime mover, in particular
with steam turbine generators operating
below normal frequency. The 489 provides
overfrequency and underfrequency
elements needed to provide protection of
generators from operation at off-nominal
frequencies. The 489 has alarm level
settings to alert operations of abnormal
frequency conditions as well as multiple
trip levels that have independent tripping
delay settings for each magnitude of
abnormal frequency detected.
Generator Protection
enable and the voltage is measured to be
above the user defined level.
10
1
0 .1
0 .0 1
0 .1
1
10
100
Negative Sequence Current / Rated Current
The negative sequence overcurrent element is adaptable to ensure negative
sequence currents stay within the specific capability limits of a given generator
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3
489 Generator Protection System
Analog Outputs
Generator Protection
Four analog outputs are available for
signaling the value of measured analog
quantities to external process control
devices such as PLCs. The analog outputs
can be ordered to operate over a 4 to
20mA range or a 0 to 1mA range and can
be configured to signal a representation
of most analog quantities measured
by the 489 including currents, voltages,
frequency, RTD temperature, power and
demand.
Communications
Analyze generator faults using waveforms that are captured at the time
of generator faults or system instabilities
IRIG-B Time Synchronization
The 489 supports receiving an input from
an IRIG-B time synchronization clock that
will synchronize the 489 internal clock
with other devices found in the substation
or distributed across the power system.
IRIG-B time synchronization will provide
timestamping of events in the Event Record
with 1ms accuracy thereby providing
a means of accurately determining the
sequence of operation of events that
occurred across multiple devices in the
power system.
Simulation Mode
The 489 has a built in simulation feature
that allows for testing the functionality and
relay response to programmed conditions
without the need for external inputs.
When placed in simulation mode the 489
suspends reading of the actual inputs and
substitutes them with the simulated values.
Pre-trip, fault, and post fault states can be
simulated, with currents, voltages, system
frequency, RTD temperatures, and analog
inputs configurable for each state.
Automation
The 489 offers a multitude of different
analog and digital inputs and outputs to
allow the 489 to be seamlessly integrated
into most generator automation schemes.
Outputs Relays
Protection elements can be configured to
control the Trip contact, the Alarm contact,
or the 3 Auxiliary contacts whenever the
element operates. The status of each of
these contact are also displayed on LEDs
found on the relays front panel.
Digital Inputs
Eight digital inputs are available for
monitoring the status of external contacts,
tachometers, or control switches. With
these inputs, the relay can identify the
status of the associated breakers and
receive commands from operational staff
such as controlling the output relays,
resetting the thermal limits, or triggering a
waveform capture.
RTD Inputs
Twelve RTD inputs allow the 489 to monitor
both the generator stator and bearing
temperature. A built in voting feature
adds additional security by ensuring that
two RTDs monitoring the same device both
detect the overtemperature condition
before tripping the generator offline.
Analog Inputs
Four analog inputs are available for
providing protection and monitoring of
generator bearing vibration. The analog
inputs are field programmable to measure
transducer signals that operator over a
range of 0 to 1 mA, 0 to 20 mA, or 4 to
20 mA.
The 489 provides six output contacts for
the purpose of controlling or signaling
other devices and operations personnel.
4
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The
489
provides
advanced
communications technologies for remote
data and engineering access, making it
easy and flexible to use and integrate into
new or existing monitoring and control
systems. Multiple communication ports
are available including a front panel RS232
serial port for easy local computer access,
two RS485 serial ports and a 10Mbps
copper Ethernet port that provide direct
integration in most communications
architectures.
The 489 supports the most popular industry
standard protocols enabling easy, direct
integration into most DCS and SCADA
systems. Protocols supported include:
• Modbus RTU
• Modbus TCP/IP
• DNP 3.0 Level 2
User Interfaces
Keypad and Display
The 489 has a keypad and 40 character
display for local monitoring and relay
configuration without the need for a
computer. Up to 20 user-selected default
messages can be displayed when the
relay is protecting the generator. In the
event of a trip, or an alarm, the display
will automatically default to the proper
message indicating the cause of the
operation.
LED Indicators
The 489 front panel features 22 LED
indicators that provide a quick indication
of 489 status, generator status, and output
relay status.
489 Generator Protection System
EnerVistaTM Launchpad
The EnerVista™ Suite is an industry-leading
set of software programs that simplify
every aspect of using the 489 relay. The
EnerVistaTM suite provides all the tools
to monitor the status of your protected
asset, maintain the relay and integrate
information measured by the 489 into DCS
or SCADA monitoring systems. Convenient
COMTRADE and Sequence of Events
viewers are an integral part of the 489
Setup software included with every relay
to carry out post-mortem event analysis.
EnerVista™ Launchpad is a powerful
software package that provides users with
all of the setup and support tools needed
for configuring and maintaining Multilin
products. The setup software within
Launchpad allows configuring devices in
real-time by communicating using serial,
Ethernet , or modem connections, or
offline by creating setting files to be sent
to devices at a later time.
Included in Launchpad is a document
archiving and management system
Features
that ensures critical documentation is
up-to-date and available when needed.
Documents made available include:
Generator Protection
EnerVistaTM Software
• Manuals
• Application Notes
• Guideform Specifications
•Brochures
• Wiring Diagrams
•FAQs
• Service Bulletins
489 FRONT
LARGE DISPLAY
Forty character display for viewing
setpoints and actual value messages. Diagnostic messages are
displayed when there is a trip or
alarm condition. Default messages
are displayed after a period of
inactivity.
489 STATUS INDICATORS
489 status
Generator status
Output relays
NUMERIC KEYPAD
Numeric keys allow for simple
entry of setpoint values. Control
keys allow simple navigation
through setpoint and actual value
message structures. Help key
provides context sensitive help
messages
CONTROL AND
PROGRAMMING KEYS
Menu, Escape, Reset, Enter,
Menu Up, and Menu Down
keys for complete acess
without a computer.
VALUE KEYS
Value Up, and Value Down keys
to change setpoint values
DRAWOUT HANDLE
With provision for a wire
lead seal to prevent unauthorized removal
PROGRAM PORT INTERFACE
RS232 for connection to a
computer, 9600 baud
RTD INPUTS
Twelve RTD inputs are
individually field programmable
to measure platinum, nickel,
or copper type RTDs.
489 REAR
RS485 COMMUNICATIONS
Two independent RS485
communication ports may be
accessed simultaneously using
ModbusRTU and DNP 3.0 protocol
at baud rates up to 19200 bps.
ANALOG SIGNALS
Four isolated 4-20 mA analog outputs
may be used to replace costly
transducers. They may be field
programmed to reflect any measured
parameter.
Four 0-1 or 4-20 mA analog inputs may
be used to monitor any transducer
signal. Possible applications include
vibration and field current monitoring.
DIGITAL INPUTS
Access jumper input provides
setpoint programming security.
Breaker status input tells 489 if
the generator is online or offline.
Seven assignable digital inputs may
be field programmed for a variety of
functions including tachometer.
OUTPUT RELAYS
Six, trip duty, form C output relays
may be assigned to trip, alarm
and control functions.
TRIP COIL SUPERVISION
Monitors the trip circuit for continuity
when the generator is online and
alarms if that continuity is broken.
VT INPUTS
Four VT inputs provide wye or open
delta system voltage sensing as
well as neutral voltage sensing.
GROUND
Separate safety and filter ground.
All inputs meet C37.90 EMI, SWC,
RFI interference immunity.
AC/DC CONTROL POWER
Universal power supply
90-300 VDC 70-265 VAC
CT INPUTS
Seven CT inputs provide threephase output, three-phase neutral
and ground current sensing.
808784E9.cdr
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5
489 Generator Protection System
Generator Protection
Typical Wiring
g
HUB
6
Multilin 489
Generator Protection System
Ethernet
Option (T)
www.GEDigitalEnergy.com
Viewpoint Monitoring
Viewpoint Maintenance
EnerVista™ Integrator
Viewpoint Monitoring is a simple-to-use
and full-featured monitoring and data
recording software package for small
systems. Viewpoint Monitoring provides a
complete HMI package with the following
functionality:
EnerVista TM Integrator is a toolkit that
allows seamless integration of Multilin
devices into new or existing automation
systems. Included in EnerVista Integrator is:
• Plug & Play Device Monitoring
Viewpoint Maintenance provides tools that
will create reports on the operating status
of the relay, simplify the steps to download
fault and event data, and reduce the work
required for cyber-security compliance
audits. Tools available in Viewpoint
Maintenance include:
• System Single-Line Monitoring & Control
• Settings Security Audit Report
• Annunciator Alarm Screens
• Device Health Report
• Trending Reports
• Single Click Fault Data Retrieval
Generator Protection
489 Generator Protection System
• OPC/DDE Server
• Multilin Drivers
• Automatic Event Retrieval
• Automatic Waveform Retrieval
• Automatic Event Retrieval
• Automatic Waveform Retrieval
Technical Specifications
PROTECTION
OVERCURRENT ALARM
Pick-up Level:
0.10 to 1.50 x FLA in steps of 0.01
average phase current
Time Delay:
0.1 to 250.0 s in steps of 0.1
Pickup Accuracy:
as per Phase Current Inputs
Timing Accuracy:
±100 ms or ±0.5% of total time
OFFLINE OVERCURRENT
Pick-up Level:
0.05 to 1.00 x CT in steps of 0.01 of
any one phase
Time Delay:
3 to 99 cycles in steps of 1
Pickup Accuracy:
as per Phase Current Inputs
Timing Accuracy:
+50ms at 50/60 Hz
INADVERTENT ENERGIZATION
Arming Signal:
undervoltage and/or offline from
breaker status
Pick-up Level:
0.05 to 3.00 x CT in steps of 0.01 of
any one phase
Time Delay:
no intentional delay
Pickup Accuracy:
as per Phase Current Inputs
Timing Accuracy:
+50 ms at 50/60 Hz
PHASE OVERCURRENT
Voltage Restraint: Programmable fixed characteristic
Pick-up Level:
0.15 to 20.00 x CT in steps of 0.01 of
any one phase
Curve Shapes:
ANSI, IEC, IAC, Flexcurve,
Definite Time
Time Delay:
0.000 to 100.000 s in steps of 0.001
Pickup Accuracy:
as per Phase Current Inputs
Timing Accuracy:
+50 ms at 50/60 Hz or
±0.5% total time
NEGATIVE SEQUENCE OVERCURRENT
Pickup Level:
3 to 100% FLA in steps of 1
Curve Shapes:
I22t trip defined by k,
definite time alarm
Time Delay:
0.1 to 100.0 s in steps of 0.1
Pickup Accuracy:
as per Phase Current Inputs
Timing Accuracy:
±100ms or ± 0.5% of total time
GROUND OVERCURRENT
Pickup Level:
0.05 to 20.00 x CT in steps of 0.01
Curve Shapes:
ANSI, IEC, IAC, Flexcurve,
Definite Time
Time Delay:
0.00 to 100.00 s in steps of 0.01
Pickup Accuracy:
as per Ground Current Input
Timing Accuracy:
+50 ms at 50/60 Hz
or ±0.5% total time
PHASE DIFFERENTIAL
Pickup Level:
0.05 to 1.00 x CT in steps of 0.01
Curve Shapes:
Dual Slope
Time Delay:
0 to 100 cycles in steps of 1
Pickup Accuracy:
as per Phase Current Inputs
Timing Accuracy:
+50 ms at 50/60 Hz or
±0.5% total time
GROUND DIRECTIONAL
Pickup Level:
0.05 to 20.00 x CT in steps of 0.01
Time Delay:
0.1 to 120.0 s in steps of 0.1
Pickup Accuracy:
as per Phase Current Inputs
Timing Accuracy:
±100 ms or ±0.5% of total time
HIGH-SET PHASE OVERCURRENT
Pickup Level:
0.15 to 20.00 x CT in steps of 0.01
Time Delay:
0.00 to 100.00 s in steps of 0.01
Pickup Accuracy:
as per Phase Current Inputs
Timing Accuracy:
±50 ms at 50/60 Hz or
±0.5% total time
UNDERVOLTAGE
Pickup Level:
0.50 to 0.99 x rated V in steps of 0.01
Curve Shapes:
Inverse Time, definite time alarm 1
Time Delay:
0.2 to 120.0 s in steps of 0.1
Pickup Accuracy:
as per Voltage Inputs
Timing Accuracy:
±100 ms or ±0.5% of total time
Elements:
Trip and Alarm
PROTECTION
OVERVOLTAGE
Pick-up Level:
Curve Shapes:
Time Delay:
Pickup Accuracy:
Timing Accuracy:
VOLTS/HERTZ
Pick-up Level:
Curve Shapes:
Time Delay:
Pickup Accuracy:
Timing Accuracy:
1.01 to 1.50 x rated V in steps of 0.01
Inverse Time, definite time alarm
0.2 to 120.0 s in steps of 0.1
as per Voltage Inputs
±100 ms or ±0.5% of total time
1.00 to 1.99 x nominal
in steps of 0.01
Inverse Time, definite time alarm
0.1 to 120.0 s in steps of 0.1
as per voltage inputs
±100 ms at ? 1.2 x Pickup
±300 ms at < 1.2 ´ Pickup
VOLTAGE PHASE REVERSAL
Configuration:
ABC or ACB phase rotation
Timing Accuracy:
200 to 400 ms
UNDERFREQUENCY
Required Voltage:
0.50 to 0.99 x rated voltage in
Phase A
Block From Online:
0 to 5 sec. in steps of 1
Pickup Level:
20.00 to 60.00 in steps of 0.01
Curve Shapes:
1 level alarm, two level trip
definite time
Time Delay:
0.1 to 5000.0 sec. in steps of 0.1
Pickup Accuracy:
±0.02 Hz
Timing Accuracy:
±100 ms or ±0.5% of total time
OVERFREQUENCY
Required Voltage:
0.50 to 0.99 x rated voltage in
Phase A
Block From Online:
0 to 5 sec. in steps of 1
Pickup Level:
25.01 to 70.00 in steps of 0.01
Curve Shapes:
1 level alarm, 2 level trip
definite time
Time Delay:
0.1 to 5000.0 s in steps of 0.1
Pickup Accuracy:
±0.02 Hz
Timing Accuracy:
±100 ms or ±0.5% of total time
NEUTRAL OVERVOLTAGE (FUNDAMENTAL)
Pick-up Level:
2.0 to 100.0 V secondary in
steps of 0.01
Time Delay:
0.1 to 120.0 s in steps of 0.1
Pickup Accuracy:
as per Neutral Voltage Input
Timing Accuracy:
±100 ms or ±0.5% of total time
NEUTRAL UNDERVOLTAGE (3RD HARMONIC)
Blocking Signals:
Low power and low voltage if
open delta
Pickup Level:
0.5 to 20.0 V secondary in steps
of 0.01
if open delta VT;
adaptive if wye VT
Time Delay:
5 to 120 s in steps of 1
Pickup Accuracy:
at < 20.0 V secondary: as per Neutral Voltage Input
Timing Accuracy:
±3.0 s
LOSS OF EXCITATION (IMPEDANCE)
Pickup Level:
2.5 to 300.0 secondary in steps
of 0.1 with adjustable impedance
offset
Time Delay:
0.1 to 10.0 s in steps of 0.1
Pickup Accuracy:
as per Voltage and Phase Current
Inputs
Timing Accuracy:
±100 ms or ±0.5% of total time
DISTANCE (IMPEDANCE)
Pickup Levels:
0.1 to 500.0 secondary in steps
of 0.1
50 to 85° reach in steps of 1
Time Delay:
0.0 to 150.0 s in steps of 0.1
Pickup Accuracy:
as per Voltage and Phase Current
Inputs
Timing Accuracy:
150 ms ±50 ms or ±0.5% of total
time
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PROTECTION
REACTIVE POWER
Block From Online:
Pickup Level:
0 to 5000 s in steps of 1
0.02 to 1.50 x rated Mvar (positive
and negative)
0.2 to 120.0 s in steps of 0.1
see power metering
±100ms or ±0.5% of total time
Time Delay:
Pickup Accuracy:
Timing Accuracy:
REVERSE POWER
Block From Online:
0 to 5000 s in steps of 1
Pickup Level:
0.02 to 0.99 x rated MW
Time Delay:
0.2 to 120.0 s in steps of 0.1
Pickup Accuracy:
see power metering
Timing Accuracy:
±100 ms or ±0.5% of total time
LOW FORWARD POWER
Block From Online:
0 to 15000 s in steps of 1
Pickup Level:
0.02 to 0.99 x rated MW
Time Delay:
0.2 to 120.0 s in steps of 0.1
Pickup Accuracy:
see power metering
Timing Accuracy:
±100 ms or ±0.5% of total time
PULSE OUTPUT
Parameters:
+ kwh, +kvarh, -kvarh
Interval:
1 to 50000 in steps of 1
Pulse Width:
200 to 1000 ms in steps of 1 ms
RTDS 1 TO 12
Pickup:
1 to 250°C in steps of 1
Pickup Hysteresis:
2°C
Time Delay:
3 sec.
OVERLOAD / STALL PROTECTION / THERMAL MODEL
Overload Curves:
15 Standard Overload Curves
Custom Curve
Voltage Dependent Custom Curve
Curve Biasing:
Phase Unbalance
Hot/Cold Curve Ratio
Stator RTD
Online Cooling Rate
Offline Cooling Rate Line Voltage
Overload Pickup:
1.01 to 1.25
Pickup Accuracy:
as per Phase Current Inputs
Timing Accuracy:
±100 ms or ±2% of total time
DIGITAL INPUT
GENERAL INPUT A TO G (DIGITAL INPUT)
Configurable:
Assignable Digital Inputs 1 to 7
Time Delay:
0.1 to 5000.0 s in steps of 0.1
Block From Online:
0 to 5000 s in steps of 1
Timing Accuracy:
±100 ms or ±0.5% of total time
SEQUENTIAL TRIP (DIGITAL INPUT)
Configurable:
Assignable to Digital Inputs 1 to 7
Pickup Level:
0.02 to 0.99 x rated MW in steps of 0.01
Low Forward Power / Reverse Power
Time Delay:
0.2 to 120.0 s in steps of 0.1
Pickup Accuracy:
see power metering
Timing Accuracy:
±100 ms or ±0.5% of total time
FIELD BREAKER DISCREPANCY (DIGITAL INPUT)
Configurable:
Assignable to Digital Inputs 1 to 7
Time Delay:
0.1 to 500.0 s in steps of 0.1
Timing Accuracy:
±100 ms or ±0.5% of total time
TACHOMETER (DIGITAL INPUT)
Configurable:
Assignable to Digital Inputs 4 to 7
RPM Measurement: 100 to 7200 RPM
Duty Cycle of Pulse: >10%
Pickup Level:
101 to 175 x rated speed in steps
Time Delay:
1 to 250 s in steps of 1
Timing Accuracy:
±0.5 s or ±0.5% of total time
7
489 Generator Protection System
Generator Protection
Technical Specifications (continued)
ANALOG INPUTS
PHASE CURRENT INPUTS
CT Primary:
10 to 50000 A
CT Secondary:
1 A or 5 A (must be specified with
order)
Conversion Range: 0.02 to 20 x CT
Accuracy:
at < 2 x CT: ±0.5% of 2 x CT
at > 2 x CT: ±1% of 20 x CT
Burden:
Less than 0.2 VA at rated load
CT Withstand:
1 second at 80 times rated current
2 seconds at 40 times rated current
continuous at 3 times rated current
GROUND CURRENT INPUTS
CT Primary:
10 to 10000 A (1 A / 5 A CTs)
CT Secondary:
1 A / 5 A or 50:0.025 (HGF CTs)
Conversion Range: 0.02 to 20 x CT for 1 A / 5 A CTs 0.0
to 100 A pri. for 50:0.025 CTs(HGF)
50:0.025 CT
± 0.1 A at < 10 A
Accuracy:
± 1.0 A at ³ 10 to 100 A
1A/5A CT
at < 2 x CT: ±0.5% of 2 x CTat > 2 x
Accuracy:
CT: ±1% of 20 x CT
GROUND CT
INPUT
1A/5A
1A
5A
20 A
0.025 A
0.1 A
0.5 A
50:0.025
HGF
GROUND CT
CT
1A/5A
50:0.025 HGF
1 SEC
80 x CT
N/A
INPUTS
RTD INPUTS
RTD (3 wire Types): 100 Platinum
100 Nickel, 120 Nickel
10 Copper
RTD Sensing
Current:
5mA
Isolation:
36 Vpk (isolated with analog
inputs and outputs)
Range:
–50 to +250°C
Accuracy:
±2°C for Platinum and Nickel
±5°C for Copper
Lead Resistance:
25 Max per lead for Pt and
Ni type 3 Max per lead for
Cu type
No Sensor:
>1000
Short/Low Alarm: < –50°C
TRIP COIL SUPERVISION
Applicable Voltage: 20 to 300 V DC / V AC
Trickle Current:
2 to 5 mA
COMMUNICATIONS
RS232 Port:
1, Front Panel, non-isolated
RS485 Ports:
2, Isolated together at 36 Vpk
Baud Rates:
RS485: 300 - 19,200 Baud
RS232: 9600 Baud
Parity:
None, Odd, Even
Ethernet:
10Mbbs Copper RJ45
Protocol:
Modbus® RTU / Modbus® TCP/IP
DNP 3.0 Level 2
ENVIRONMENTAL
Temperature Range:
Operating:
Ambient Storage:
Ambient Shipping:
Humidity:
Altitude:
Pollution degree:
OUTPUTS
ANALOG OUTPUTS
Type:
Active
Range:
4 to 20 mA, 0 to 1 mA (must be
specified with order)
Accuracy:
±1% of full scale
Maximum
4 to 20 mA input: 1200,
Load:
0 to 1 mA input: 10 k
Isolation:
36 Vpk
OUTPUT RELAYS
Configuration:
6 Electromechanical Form C
Contact Material: Silver alloy
Operate Time:
10 ms
Max ratings for 100000 operations
BURDEN
VA
0.024
0.024
0.605
0.024
9.809
0.024
0.057
90.7
0.634
90.7
18.9
75.6
WITHSTAND TIME
2 SEC.
CONTINUOUS
40 x CT
3 x CT
N/A
150 mA
PHASE VOLTAGE INPUTS
VT Ratio:
1.00 to 240.00:1 in steps of 0.01
VT Secondary:
200 V AC (full-scale)
Conversion Range: 0.02 to 1.00 x Full Scale
Accuracy:
±0.5% of Full Scale
Max. Continuous:
280 V AC
Burden:
> 500 K
NEUTRAL VOLTAGE INPUTS
VT Ratio:
1.00 to 240.00:1 in steps of 0.01
VT Secondary:
100 V AC (full-scale)
Conversion Range: 0.005 to 1.00 x Full Scale
Accuracy:
±0.5% of Full Scale
Max. Continuous:
280 V AC
Burden:
> 500 K
DIGITAL INPUTS
Inputs:
9 opto-isolated inputs
External Switch:
dry contact < 400
489 Sensor Supply: +24 V DC at 20 mA maximum
ANALOG TRANSDUCER INPUTS
Current Inputs:
0 to 1 mA, 0 to 20mA or 4 to
20 mA (setpoint)
Input Impedance: 226 ±10%
Conversion Range: 0 to 21 mA
Accuracy:
±1% of full scale
Type:
passive
Analog In Supply:
+24 V DC at 100 mA maximum
Sampling Interval 50 ms
VOLTAGE
DC
Resistive
30 VDC
125 VDC
250 VDC
DC
30 VDC
Inductive
125 VDC
L/R= 40 ms 250 VDC
AC
120 VAC
Resistive
250 VAC
AC
120 VAC
Inductive
250 VAC
P.F. = 0.4
POWER SUPPLY
CONTROL POWER
Options:
LO Range:
Hi Range:
Power:
M/C M/C 0.2 BREAK MAX
CONT.
SEC
LOAD
10 A
30A
10 A
300 W
10 A
30A
0.5 A 62.5 W
10 A
30A
0.3 A
75 W
10 A
30A
5A
150 W
10 A
30A
0.25 A 31.3 W
10 A
30A
0.15 A 37.5 W
10 A
30A
10 A 2770 VA
10 A
30A
10 A 2770 VA
10 A
30A
4A
480 VA
10 A
30A
3A
750 VA
LO / HI
(must be specified with order)
DC: 20 to 60 V DC
AC: 20 to 48 V AC at 48 to 62 Hz
DC: 90 to 300 V DC
AC: 70 to 265 V AC at 48 to 62 Hz
45 VA (max), 25 VA typical
AC ANALOG INPUTS FREQUENCY TRACKING
Frequency
Va for wye, Vab for open delta
Tracking:
6 V minimum, 10 Hz/sec.
PRODUCT TESTS
Thermal Cycling:
Dielectric Strength:
-40 °C to +60 °C
-40 °C to +85 °C
-40 °C to +85 °C
Operating up to 95% (non
condensing) @ 55C
Up to 2000 m
2
Operational test at ambient,
reducing to –40°C and then
increasing to 60°C
2.0 kV for 1 minute from relays,
CTs, VTs, power supply to
Safety Ground
TYPE TESTS
Dielectric voltage withstand: EN60255-5
Impulse voltage withstand:
Insulation resistance:
Damped Oscillatory:
Electrostatic Discharge:
RF immunity:
Fast Transient Disturbance:
Surge Immunity:
Conducted RF Immunity:
Radiated & Conducted
Emissions:
Sinusoidal Vibration:
Power magnetic Immunity:
Voltage Dip & interruption:
Ingress Protection:
Environmental (Cold):
Environmental (Dry heat):
Relative Humidity Cyclic:
EFT:
ESD:
EN60255-5
EN60255-5
IEC 61000-4-18,
IEC 60255-22-1
EN61000-4-2,
IEC 60255-22-2
EN61000-4-3,
IEC 60255-22-3
EN61000-4-4,
IEC 60255-22-4
EN61000-4-5,
IEC 60255-22-5
EN61000-4-6,
IEC 60255-22-6
CISPR11, CISPR22,
IEC 60255-25
IEC 60255-21-1
IEC 61000-4-8
IEC 61000-4-11
IEC 60529
IEC 60068-2-1
IEC 60068-2-2
IEC 60068-2-30
IEEE/ANSI C37.90.1
IEEE/ANSIC37.90.3
CERTIFICATION
ISO:
Manufactured under an ISO9001
registered system.
CSA/UL:
UL508, UL1053, C22.2.No 14
CE:
Conforms to EN60255-5, EN50263
Please refer to Multilin 489 Generator Protection System Instruction Manual for complete technical specifications
Ordering
489
*****
Current Input Relays
P1
P5
Power Supply Options
LO
HI
Analogue Outputs
A1
A20
Enhancements
E
T
Environmental Protection
H
1 A phase CT secondaries
5 A phase CT secondaries
DC: 24 – 60 V; AC: 20 – 48 V @ 48 – 62 Hz
DC: 90 – 300 V; AC: 70 – 265 V @ 48 – 62 Hz
0 – 1 mA analog outputs
4 – 20 mA analog outputs
Enhanced display, larger LCD, improved keypad
Enhanced display, larger LCD, improved keypad plus 10BaseT Ethernet Port
Harsh (Chemical) Environment Conformal Coating
Visit www.GEMultilin.com/489 to:
Accessories for the 489
8
• 489 Generator Protection Learning CD
TRCD-SR489-C-S-1
• View Guideform specifications
• Multilink Ethernet Switch
ML1600-HI-A1-A1
• Download the instruction manual
• Multinet
Multinet-FE
• Review applications notes and support documents
• Viewpoint Maintenance
VPM-1
• Buy a 489 online
• Viewpoint Monitoring
VP-1
• View the 489 brochure
www.GEDigitalEnergy.com
GEA-12947(E)
English
151001
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