Cambridge Audio | Azur 351R | User`s manual | Cambridge Audio Azur 351R User`s manual

Cambridge Audio Azur 351R User`s manual
2
azur
351R
Your music + our passion
ENGLISH
AV receiver
User's manual
Contents
Introduction..........................................................................................................3
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This guide is designed to make installing and using this product
as easy as possible. Information in this document has been
carefully checked for accuracy at the time of printing; however,
Cambridge Audio's policy is one of continuous improvement,
therefore design and specifications are subject to change
without prior notice.
This document contains proprietary information protected by
copyright. All rights are reserved. No part of this manual may be
reproduced by any mechanical, electronic or other means, in any
form, without prior written permission of the manufacturer. All
trademarks and registered trademarks are the property of their
respective owners.
Incognito and Incognito Ready are trademarks of Cambridge
Audio Ltd. All rights reserved.
© Copyright Cambridge Audio Ltd 2012
Manufactured under license from Dolby Laboratories. "Dolby"
and the double-D symbol are trademarks of Dolby Laboratories.
Before connecting................................................................................................3
Important safety instructions..............................................................................4
Limited warranty...................................................................................................5
Front panel connections......................................................................................6
Rear panel connections.......................................................................................7
Remote control.....................................................................................................8
Front panel display...............................................................................................9
Aerial connections................................................................................................9
Loudspeaker connections...................................................................................9
Analogue audio connections............................................................................ 10
Digital audio connections................................................................................. 10
HDMI input connections................................................................................... 11
Video output connection (HDMI)...................................................................... 11
351R setup........................................................................................................ 12
1. Speaker configuration.............................................................................. 12
2. Speaker setup........................................................................................... 13
Speaker Delay............................................................................................... 13
Level calibration............................................................................................ 13
CAMCAS Auto speaker setup for Distance/Level........................................ 13
3. Source setup............................................................................................. 15
Surround sound modes.................................................................................... 15
Operating instructions.......................................................................................16
Selecting the source......................................................................................16
Manufactured under license under U.S. Patent #'s: 5,451,942;
5,956,674; 5,974,380; 5,978,762; 6,226,616; 6,487,535;
7,212,872; 7,333,929; 7,392,195; 7,272,567 & other U.S.
and worldwide patents issued & pending. DTS is a registered
trademark and the DTS logos, Symbol, DTS-HD and DTS-HD
Master Audio are trademarks of DTS, Inc. © 1996-2011 DTS,
Inc. All Rights Reserved.
DSP modes.....................................................................................................16
"HDMI","HDMI logo" and "High-Definition Multimedia Interface"
are trademarks or registered trademarks of HDMI Licensing LLC.
Decode modes...............................................................................................17
Stereo/Stereo + Sub......................................................................................16
Other modes...................................................................................................16
Analogue Stereo Direct..................................................................................16
Multi Channel PCM........................................................................................16
Using the Tuner............................................................................................. 18
Storing stations............................................................................................. 18
Radio Data Systems (RDS)........................................................................... 18
Lip sync.......................................................................................................... 18
Audio Return Channel................................................................................... 18
Advanced setup............................................................................................. 19
Sub crossovers and bass management...................................................... 19
Tone/Sub configuration................................................................................ 19
OSD setup...................................................................................................... 20
Dolby/DTS adjustments................................................................................ 20
1. Panorama mode ...................................................................................... 20
2. Centre Width............................................................................................. 20
3. Dimension................................................................................................. 20
4. Dynamic range control............................................................................. 20
Custom installation (C.I.) use........................................................................... 20
Reset/Back-up memory.................................................................................... 20
Troubleshooting..................................................................................................21
Technical specifications.....................................................................................21
2
351R
Introduction
Before connecting
Thank you for purchasing this 351R AV Receiver. We are confident that
you will enjoy many years of listening pleasure from it. Like all Cambridge
Audio products the 351R adheres to our three core principles – stunning
performance, ease of use and incredible value.
The process of setting up the 351R is first to make all the connections to your
speakers and source equipment and then set the unit up via its On-Screen
Display (OSD) as there are various settings and adjustments that need to be
made before the 351R can be used.
As such, the five audiophile grade amplifiers are kept as separate as possible
from the processing and input stages and feature a large power supply with a
low flux toroidal transformer.
However before you actually decide which connections to make or perform
any adjustments it is strongly advised that you read through the '351R
setup' section of this manual first, starting on page 12.
This careful design of the amplifier stages ensure that the 351R can
reproduce the dynamics and scale required for modern movie soundtracks
whilst also being able to reproduce a genuinely musical performance with
either stereo or multichannel music sources.
A lot of explanation is included that will help you to choose the right connection
types for both your sources and TV.
A full range of HDMI, digital and analogue inputs are fitted. These allows the
connection of suitably equipped Blu-ray players, DVD players, satellite/set-top
boxes and game consoles for decoding into stereo, stereo + sub or various
digital surround formats.
The latest formats are supported including Dolby True HD, Dolby Digital Plus,
DTS-HD Master Audio and DTS-HD High Resolution Audio in their 5.1 variants.
In particular, support for the true lossless Dolby True HD and DTS-HD Master
Audio formats provides unprecedented audio fidelity from Blu-ray discs.
Various HDMI 1.4 features are supported including 3D TV and deep-colour
pass-through from suitable sources.
An Audio Return channel is also featured that allows audio to be passed back
from a Smart TV to the 351R via the HDMI output.
The 351R is also capable of decoding encoded analogue or digital stereo
sources in Dolby Pro Logic® II or DTS Neo:6 for a convincing and effective 5.1
surround experience from a matrix encoded stereo source.
Conventional analogue stereo inputs allow the connection of audiophile CD
players and the like, and an Analogue Stereo Direct mode with no processing
ensures the very best possible stereo reproduction for these.
An RS232 port and IR Emitter In also make it easy to integrate the 351R into
a Custom Install situation.
All this proprietary engineering is housed within our low resonance,
acoustically damped chassis.
Remember your 351R can only be as good as the system it is connected
to. Please do not compromise on your source equipment, speaker package
or video and audio cabling. Naturally we particularly recommend our Bluray players, digital and analogue iPod docks, Network and CD players from
the Cambridge Audio Azur range, which have been designed to the same
exacting standards as our receivers. Your dealer can also supply excellent
quality Cambridge Audio interconnects to ensure your system realises its full
potential.
Thanks for taking the time to read this manual, we do recommend you keep
it for future reference.
Matthew Bramble
Cambridge Audio Technical Director and the 351R design team
3
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Important safety instructions
For your own safety please read the following important safety instructions
carefully before attempting to connect this unit to the mains power supply.
They will also enable you to get the best performance from and prolong the
life of the unit:
1. Read these instructions.
2. Keep these instructions.
3. Heed all warnings.
4. Follow all instructions.
5. Do not use this apparatus near water.
6. Clean only with a dry cloth.
7. Do not block any ventilation openings. Install in accordance with the
manufacturer's instructions.
8. Do not install near any heat sources such as radiators, heat registers,
stoves, or other apparatus (including amplifiers) that produce heat.
9. Do not defeat the safety purpose of the polarized or grounding-type
plug. A polarized plug has two blades with one wider than the other. A
grounding-type plug has two blades and a third grounding prong. The wide
blade or the third prong are provided for your safety. If the provided plug
does not fit into your outlet, consult an electrician for replacement of the
obsolete outlet.
10. Protect the power cord from being walked on or pinched, particularly at
plugs, convenience receptacles and the point where they exit from the
apparatus.
11. Only use attachments/accessories specified by the manufacturer.
12. Use with only the cart, stand, tripod, bracket, or table
specified by the manufacturer, or sold with the apparatus.
When a cart is used, use caution when moving the cart/
apparatus combination to avoid injury from tip-over.
13. Unplug this apparatus during lightning storms or when unused for long
periods of time.
14. Refer all servicing to qualified service personnel. Servicing is required
when the apparatus has been damaged in any way, such as the powersupply cord or plug having been damaged, liquid has been spilled or
objects have fallen into the apparatus, the apparatus has been exposed
to rain or moisture, does not operate normally, or has been dropped.
The lightning flash with the arrowhead symbol within an equilateral triangle
is intended to alert the user to the presence of un-insulated 'dangerous
voltage' within the product's enclosure that may be of sufficient magnitude to
constitute a risk of electric shock to persons.
The exclamation point within an equilateral triangle is intended to alert the
user to the presence of important operating and maintenance instructions in
the service literature relevant to this appliance.
The symbol on this product indicates that it is of CLASS II (double
insulated) construction.
WEEE symbol
The crossed-out wheeled bin is the European Union symbol
for indicating separate collection for electrical and electronic
equipment. This product contains electrical and electronic
equipment which should be reused, recycled or recovered and
should not be disposed of with unsorted regular waste. Please
return the unit or contact the authorised dealer from whom you
purchased this product for more information.
CE mark
This product complies with European Low Voltage (2006/95/
EC), Electromagnetic Compatibility (2004/108/EC) and
Environmentally-friendly design of Energy-related Products (2009/125/EC)
Directives when used and installed according to this instruction manual. For
continued compliance only Cambridge Audio accessories should be used with
this product and servicing must be referred to qualified service personnel.
C-Tick mark
This product meets the Australian Communications Authority's
Radio communications and EMC requirements.
Gost-R mark
This product meets Russian electronic safety approvals.
WARNING
FCC regulations
– To reduce the risk of fire or electric shock, do not expose this unit to rain
or moisture.
NOTE: THE MANUFACTURER IS NOT RESPONSIBLE FOR ANY RADIO OR
TV INTERFERENCE CAUSED BY UNAUTHORIZED MODIFICATIONS TO THIS
EQUIPMENT. SUCH MODIFICATIONS COULD VOID THE USER AUTHORITY TO
OPERATE THE EQUIPMENT.
– Batteries (battery pack or batteries installed) shall not be exposed to
excessive heat such as sunshine, fire or the like.
The unit must be installed in a manner that makes disconnection of the
mains plug from the mains socket outlet (or appliance connector from the
rear of the unit) possible. Where the mains plug is used as the disconnect
device, the disconnect device shall remain readily operable. Only use the
mains cord supplied with this unit.
Please ensure there is ample ventilation (at least 10cm clearance all round).
Do not put any objects on top of this unit. Do not situate it on a rug or other
soft surface and do not obstruct any air inlets or outlet grilles. Do not cover
the ventilation grilles with items such as newspapers, tablecloths, curtains,
etc.
This unit must not be used near water or exposed to dripping or splashing
water or other liquids. No objects filled with liquid, such as vases, shall be
placed on the unit.
This equipment has been tested and found to comply with the
limits for a Class B digital device, pursuant to Part 15 of the FCC
Rules. These limits are designed to provide reasonable protection
against harmful interference in a residential installation. This
equipment generates, uses and can radiate radio frequency energy and, if not
installed and used in accordance with the instructions, may cause harmful
interference to radio communications. However, there is no guarantee that
interference will not occur in a particular installation.
If this equipment does cause harmful interference to radio or television
reception, which can be determined by turning the equipment off and on, the
user is encouraged to try to correct the interference by one or more of the
following measures:
- Re-orient or relocate the receiving antenna.
- Increase the separation between the equipment and receiver.
- Connect the equipment into an outlet on a circuit different from that to which
the receiver is connected.
- Consult the dealer or an experienced radio/TV technician for help.
4
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351R
Ventilation
IMPORTANT – The unit will become hot when in use. Do not stack multiple
units on top of each other. Do not place in an enclosed area such as a
bookcase or in a cabinet without sufficient ventilation.
Ensure that small objects do not fall through any ventilation grille. If this
happens, switch off immediately, disconnect from the mains supply and
contact your dealer for advice.
Positioning
Choose the installation location carefully. Avoid placing it in direct sunlight or
close to a source of heat. No naked flame sources, such as lighted candles,
should be placed on the unit. Also avoid locations subject to vibration and
excessive dust, cold or moisture. The unit can be used in a moderate climate.
This unit must be installed on a sturdy, level surface. Do not place in a sealed
area such as a bookcase or in a cabinet. Do not place the unit on an unstable
surface or shelf. The unit may fall, causing serious injury to a child or adult
as well as serious damage to the product. Do not place other equipment on
top of the unit.
Due to stray magnetic fields, turntables or CRT TVs should not be located
nearby due to possible interference.
Electronic audio components have a running in period of around a week (if
used several hours per day). This will allow the new components to settle
down and the sonic properties will improve over this time.
Power sources
The unit should be operated only from the type of power source indicated
on the marking label. If you are not sure of the type of power-supply to your
home, consult your product dealer or local power company.
This unit can be left in Standby mode when not in use and will draw <0.5W in
this state. To turn the unit off, switch off at the rear panel. If you do not intend
to use this unit for a long period of time, unplug it from the mains socket.
Overloading
Do not overload wall outlets or extension cords as this can result in a risk of
fire or electric shock. Overloaded AC outlets, extension cords, frayed power
cords, damaged or cracked wire insulation and broken plugs are dangerous.
They may result in a shock or fire hazard.
Be sure to insert each power cord securely. To prevent hum and noise, do not
bundle the interconnect leads with the power cord or speaker leads.
Cambridge Audio warrants this product to be free from defects in materials
and workmanship (subject to the terms set forth below). Cambridge Audio will
repair or replace (at Cambridge Audio's option) this product or any defective
parts in this product. Warranty periods may vary from country to country. If
in doubt consult your dealer and ensure that you retain proof of purchase.
To obtain warranty service, please contact the Cambridge Audio authorised
dealer from which you purchased this product. If your dealer is not equipped
to perform the repair of your Cambridge Audio product, it can be returned by
your dealer to Cambridge Audio or an authorised Cambridge Audio service
agent. You will need to ship this product in either its original packaging or
packaging affording an equal degree of protection.
Proof of purchase in the form of a bill of sale or receipted invoice, which is
evidence that this product is within the warranty period, must be presented
to obtain warranty service.
This Warranty is invalid if (a) the factory-applied serial number has been
altered or removed from this product or (b) this product was not purchased
from a Cambridge Audio authorised dealer. You may call Cambridge Audio
or your local country Cambridge Audio distributor to confirm that you have
an unaltered serial number and/or you purchased from a Cambridge Audio
authorised dealer.
This Warranty does not cover cosmetic damage or damage due to acts of
God, accident, misuse, abuse, negligence, commercial use, or modification
of, or to any part of, the product. This Warranty does not cover damage due
to improper operation, maintenance or installation, or attempted repair
by anyone other than Cambridge Audio or a Cambridge Audio dealer, or
authorised service agent which is authorised to do Cambridge Audio warranty
work. Any unauthorised repairs will void this Warranty. This Warranty does not
cover products sold AS IS or WITH ALL FAULTS.
REPAIRS OR REPLACEMENTS AS PROVIDED UNDER THIS WARRANTY ARE THE
EXCLUSIVE REMEDY OF THE CONSUMER. CAMBRIDGE AUDIO SHALL NOT BE
LIABLE FOR ANY INCIDENTAL OR CONSEQUENTIAL DAMAGES FOR BREACH
OF ANY EXPRESS OR IMPLIED WARRANTY IN THIS PRODUCT. EXCEPT TO THE
EXTENT PROHIBITED BY LAW, THIS WARRANTY IS EXCLUSIVE AND IN LIEU OF
ALL OTHER EXPRESS AND IMPLIED WARRANTIES WHATSOEVER INCLUDING,
BUT NOT LIMITED TO, THE WARRANTY OF MERCHANTABILITY AND FITNESS
FOR A PRACTICAL PURPOSE.
Some countries and US states do not allow the exclusion or limitation of
incidental or consequential damages or implied warranties so the above
exclusions may not apply to you. This Warranty gives you specific legal rights,
and you may have other statutory rights, which vary from state to state or
country to country.
For any service, in or out of warranty, please contact your dealer.
Cleaning
To clean the unit, wipe its case with a dry, lint-free cloth. Do not use any
cleaning fluids containing alcohol, ammonia or abrasives. Do not spray an
aerosol at or near the unit.
Battery disposal
Plug fitting instructions (UK only)
Batteries may contain substances harmful to the environment. Please dispose
of any discharged batteries with due consideration and in accordance with
local environmental/electronic recycling guidelines.
The cord supplied with this appliance is factory-fitted with a UK mains plug
fitted with a 5-amp fuse inside. If it is necessary to change the fuse, it is
important that a 5-amp fuse is used. If the plug needs to be changed because
it is not suitable for your socket, or becomes damaged, it should be cut off
and an appropriate plug fitted following the wiring instructions below. The
plug must then be disposed of safely, as insertion into a mains socket is
likely to cause an electrical hazard. Should it be necessary to fit a 3-pin BS
mains plug to the power cord, the wires should be fitted as shown in this
diagram. The colours of the wires in the mains lead of this appliance may not
correspond with the coloured markings identifying the terminals in your plug.
Connect them as follows:
Loudspeakers
Before making any connections to loudspeakers, make sure all power is
turned off and only use suitable interconnects.
Servicing
These units are not user serviceable. Never attempt to repair, disassemble
or reconstruct the unit if there seems to be a problem. A serious electric
shock could result if this precautionary measure is ignored. In the event of a
problem or failure, please contact your dealer.
IMPORTANT
If the unit is run at a very high level, a sensor will detect a temperature rise
and show "PROTECTION OVERLOAD" on the display. The unit will then go into
Standby mode. It cannot be switched on again until the temperature has
fallen to a more normal level.
The wire which is coloured BLUE must be
connected to the terminal which is marked
with the letter 'N' or coloured BLACK.
The wire which is coloured BROWN must be
connected to the terminal which is marked
with the letter 'L' or coloured RED.
The wire which is coloured GREEN/YELLOW
must be connected to the terminal which is
marked with the letter 'E' or coloured GREEN.
If a standard 13-amp (BS 1363) plug is used, a 5-amp fuse must be fitted or,
if any other type of plug is used, a 5-amp fuse must be fitted, either in the plug
or adaptor, or on the distribution board.
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Limited warranty
Front panel connections
5
18
6
1
1
2
3
4
7
12
8
13
Standby/On
Switches the unit between Standby mode (indicated by a dim power LED) and
On (indicated by a bright power LED). Standby is an eco-friendly <0.5W low
power mode. The unit may be left in Standby mode when not in use.­
Note: This product has APD (Auto Power Down) enabled as default. After a
period of inactivity, the product will automatically switch to Standby.
2
Phones
Allows for the connection of stereo headphones with a 6.35mm/¼" Jack
plug. Headphones with an impedance of between 32 and 600 ohms are
recommended.
Note: Plugging in headphones will automatically mute the main output and
select a 2-channel stereo down-mix to be created for headphone use.
3
Tuning +/-
Used to tune FM frequencies and skip presets for the built-in FM Tuner.
4
Mode/Store
Press to cycle between Tuner modes. Press and hold for storing presets (refer
to the 'Operating Instructions' of this manual for more information).
5
Display
Displays the status of the unit.
6
FM tuner
Press to select the built-in FM tuner.
7
BD/DVD
Press to select the source equipment connected to the BD/DVD input.
8
CD/Video 1
Press to select the source equipment connected to the CD/Video 1 Input.
9
Video 2
Press to select the source equipment connected to the Video 2 input.
10
Aux/TV
Press to select the source equipment connected to the Aux input.
With ARC enabled (see later section), press again to select Audio Return
Channel from a suitable TV.
11
Analogue stereo direct
Press to listen directly to the analogue inputs for the current source directly
with no analogue to digital conversion or DSP processing for highest possible
stereo sound quality.
6
9
14
10
15
11
16
17
19
Note: The 351R remembers the audio and video input type and processing
mode for each individual source input. These are recalled each time a source
is selected.
12
Audio input type
Press this button to select between analogue, digital (optical/coaxial) or HDMI
input types as the source of the audio for the currently selected source input.
The choices available depend on the inputs that have been assigned to that
source, see later section.
13
Stereo modes
Press to listen to a source in either digitally processed stereo or stereo and
sub modes.
14
Surround modes
Press to select Dolby Digital or DTS surround modes (with suitably encoded
digital source material), or various Pro Logic II or DTS Neo:6 modes for matrix
encoded analogue or digital material.
15
Info
Press to re-display the current decoding mode.
16
Mute
Press to mute the sound from the main outputs of the 351R. Press again to
cancel mute.
Note: Selecting a new source always cancels mute.
17
Infrared sensor
Receives IR commands from the supplied remote control. A clear, unobstructed
line of sight between the remote control and the sensor is required.
18
Volume
Use to increase/decrease the level of the sound from the outputs of the
351R.
19
Mic input
Used for the CAMCAS auto setup. Use the supplied microphone only!
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Rear panel connections
12
5
13
2
14
6
7
1
8
9
10
Service/Normal
For dealer use only - Switches the 351R between normal (default) mode
and Service mode. Do not change the mode to service or make RS232
connections to it in service mode as damage may result!
2
Digital inputs
S/P DIF or Toslink digital inputs.
11
13
Mains voltage selector switch
Switches the mains voltage between 115V and 220-230V. For use by
installer/dealer only.
14
Mains power lead
Once you have completed all connections, plug the AC power lead into an
appropriate mains socket. The AV receiver is now ready for use.
These inputs can be freely assigned, see later section on assigning the digital
inputs.
3
&
4
HDMI
Inputs and output to a suitable TV/Monitor.
5
RS232C
Used for control of the 351R in Custom Install situations. A full protocol is
available for the 351R on our website.
6
FM antenna
The tuner antenna connection is made here. Refer to the 'Antenna Connection'
section of this manual for more information.
7
&
9
Analogue audio inputs
For use with the line level outputs of CD players, BD/DVD players etc.
8
Record Out
These output sockets can be connected to a tape deck or to the analogue
Record In sockets on a MiniDisc or CD recorder.
10
Subwoofer Out
For connection of a powered subwoofer.
11
Speaker terminals
Connect to loudspeakers with an impedance of 8 ohms.
12
Power On/Off
Switches the unit on and off.
7
Remote control
The 351R is supplied with a dedicated remote control. Insert
the supplied AAA batteries to use. For full details of the
various adjustment functions available from the remote, refer
to the later sections of this manual.
Audio In type
Switches the audio between the types available for the current
source. Depending on the source selected and whether you
have assigned a digital input to it, Analogue, Digital and HDMI
can be available.
The handset buttons function as described in the following
paragraphs.
Lip sync
Mute
Mutes the audio on the AV Receiver. Press again to cancel
mute.
BD/DVD
FM Tuner
Aux/TV
Standby/On
Switches the unit between Standby mode and On.
Bass/Treble
Store
Mode
Press the corresponding button to change the input source.
Pressing the Aux/TV button a second time if ARC is enable
selects TV-ARC (Audio Return Channel). See later section.
Vol
Enter
When listening to the FM tuner, press to alternate between
stereo and mono modes.
Vol
Store
Press to store the current frequency when in Tuner mode.
Stereo
Modes
Surround
Modes
Analog Stereo
Direct
Press to select Auto/Manual or Preset tuning when in Tuner
mode.
Info
Press to view the current source material and decoding mode.
When listening to FM with RDS, press to cycle round various
RDS information modes.
Audio In
Type
On-Screen Display (OSD)
Press to turn on and off the on-screen setup menus for display
on your monitor/screen.
Stereo modes
Selects Stereo or Stereo + Sub modes for Analogue or Digital
sources (digitally processed).
Surround modes
Selects digital surround processing modes and various matrix
encoded surround processing modes for analogue or digital
sources (digitally processed).
Analogue stereo direct
Directly selects a stereo analogue input for the current source with no A/D
conversion or DSP processing.
Volume Up/Down
Volume adjustment.
Tune/Left & Right
Press the right arrow to increase tuner frequency/change preset. Press the
left arrow to decrease tuner frequency/change preset. Also used to scroll
left/right in the OSD setup menus.
Enter
Used in the OSD setup menus.
8
Press for bass/treble adjustment, using the Volume up/down
buttons.
Note: Bass/Treble is bypassed in analogue stereo direct
mode.
Info
Stereo mono
Mode
Press to activate and adjust the lip sync delay function if the
audio and video appear out of sync. While the Lip sync delay
status is shown on the units display, use the Volume buttons
to adjust the delay time. Adjusting the value to zero causes lip
sync delay to be turned off. See later section in this manual.
Lip
Sync
Bass/
Treble
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1
2
3
Loudspeaker connections
To avoid damaging the speakers with a sudden high-level signal, be sure to
switch the power off before connecting the speakers. Check the impedance
of your speakers. Speakers with an impedance of 8 ohms (each) are
recommended.
4
The coloured speaker terminals are positive (+) and the black speaker
terminals are negative (-). Make sure correct polarity is maintained at each
speaker connector or the sound can become weak and "phasey" with little
bass.
5
1
6
HDMI inputs
Indicates the current HDMI source input.
2
TONE
Indicates whether the Tone controls are in use.
3
Prepare the speaker cords for connection by stripping off approximately
10mm (3/8") or less (no more than 10mm, as this could cause a short-circuit)
of the outer insulation. Twist the wire tightly together so there are no loose
ends. Unscrew the speaker terminal knob, insert the speaker cable, tighten
the knob and secure the cable.
Note: All connections are made via loudspeaker cable, except if using an
active subwoofer which would be connected via a standard RCA phono
cable. Banana Plugs (4mm standard) connected to the speaker cable are
recommended for direct insertion into the speaker terminals.
PCM
Indicates the 351R is receiving two channel or multi-channel PCM.
4
urround decoding mode indicators (PCM, Dolby
S
Digital, DTS etc)
Shows the current decoding mode, Dolby Digital, DTS etc. In conjunction with
the Output Channel indicators these give full details of the current processing
mode.
5
Main information display
Please refer to the 'Speaker Configuration' section of this manual for more
information on 5.1 speaker setups.
Shows the current source selected, also the surround mode and station
name/frequency when in tuner mode etc.
6
Output channel indicators
Shows the currently active channels depending on decoding mode and
source material. Channel icons lit indicate channels in the source material.
Icons with a box around them indicate channels being output by the 351R.
Display examples
Indicates a 5.1 DTS master audio source being played back. The lit LFE
indicates a low frequency effects channel is present in the source material.
When this icon isn't boxed it indicates the LFE channel is not being sent to a
subwoofer but will be mixed into the front left and right instead.
Indicates a 2.1 output created in the digital domain from analogue input
material.
Aerial connections
FM aerial
Connect an aerial to the FM 75 ohm socket (a simple wire aerial is supplied
only for temporary use). Extend the lead and move the aerial around until you
get the best reception. For continued use, we strongly recommended using a
75ohm outdoor FM aerial.
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Front panel display
351R
Analogue audio connections
Note: Do not plug in the mains power lead or turn the unit on until all
connections have been made.
Connect to source equipment using stereo phono/RCA cables (stereo 2RCA2RCA). Tape/MD/CDR recorder/players require two sets of stereo phono/
RCA cables, one for recording, one for listening.
CD player
Out
Out
Audio player/recorder
(Tape/MD/CD-R)
In
Out
Digital audio connections
Two types of digital audio connections can be made to the 351R:
1 Optical (Toslink)
2 Coaxial (S/P DIF)
See later section on how to assign the digital inputs to specific sources.
CD player
Out
1 OR 2
10
BD/DVD Player
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351R
ENGLISH
HDMI input connections
HDMI (High-Definition Multi-Media Interface) is an all digital connection that
can carry both audio and video in one cable. Direct digital transfer of audio
and video and support for various types of High Definition video content and
high resolution audio make this the best connection type to use.
Set-top box with HDMI output
HDMI Cable
HDMI Cable
Blu-ray player with HDMI output
Video output connection (HDMI)
Connection to the TV is by HDMI.
HDMI cable
Note: the HDMI output supports Audio Return Channel from TVs with this
feature. See later section.
11
351R setup
The setup of the 351R is a reasonably simple 3 stage process. The speaker
setup process (stage 2.) can either be performed manually or via the CAMCAS
(Cambridge Audio Microphone Controlled Auto Setup) procedure.
The procedure is as follows:
1. Speaker configuration.
2. Speaker setup (Speaker delay and Level calibration)
Note: This setup is very important as the 351R will also automatically use
this information to select appropriate Dolby and DTS decoding modes
dependant not only on the source material but also the speaker package
it knows you have.
To tell the unit the type of package you have, turn on the On-Screen Display
via the remote button as shown. Highlight the 'Speaker Config.' menu by using
volume  and  on the remote then go to it by pressing Enter:
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3. Source setup
Audio In. Select
Front L/R
Large <>
Tone/Sub Config.
Center
Small <>
Speaker Config.
Surr. L/R
Small <>
Subwoofer
On <>
Speaker Distance
Speaker Level
Speaker Xover
Auto Setup
1
1
Dolby/DTS Setup
OSD Setup
Quit : [I/O]
2
Enter : [ENTER]
Now move down and by highlighting each speaker in turn and using the Left
and Right arrows select from 'Large' or 'Small' for each speaker. 'Large' or
'Small' are used to describe each speaker in terms of bass response, they do
not necessarily reflect the actual physical size of the speaker.
4
Large = Speakers with an extended low frequency response of approximately
20-40Hz to 16-20kHz (floorstanders or high quality larger stand-mounted
speakers).
3
3
1. Speaker configuration
First tell the unit what kind of speaker package you have. The 351R can
support up to a 5.1 speaker setup which means 5 speakers (Front Left,
Front Right, Centre, Surround Left, Surround Right, ) plus a mains powered
Subwoofer (the .1).
Refer to the diagram above for a typical example of a 5.1 loudspeaker setup.
Always adjust the speakers and listening positions until you are happy with
the sound. Please refer to your loudspeaker and subwoofer manuals for more
detailed positioning information.
1. Front Left and Right speakers
For stereo and multi-channel sound.
2. Centre speaker
Small = Speakers with a less extended low frequency response of
approximately 80-100Hz to 16-20kHz (small stand-mounted, bookshelf or
satellite speakers).
Setting each speaker allows the 351R to perform what is called Bass
Management and to direct low frequency bass from music and the Low
Frequency Effects channel of surround sound material to those speakers
best able to reproduce it. If you do not wish to use any of the speakers set its
setting to 'None'.
The Subwoofer output can also be set to On or Off. If no sub is being used
make sure this setting is set to Off to allow the 351R to re-direct the bass
information in this channel to other speakers.
Note: The 351R will force some speakers to certain settings in the following
circumstances!
The Front Left and Right speakers may be 'Large' or 'Small' but not 'No' as
they are always required for any type of music/movie reproduction.
Bass must always be reproduced by either the Front Left and Right or
Subwoofer channel (or both). Setting the Front Left and Right to 'Small' will
result in the Subwoofer automatically being set to 'Yes'. Setting the Subwoofer
to 'No' will automatically result in the Front Left and Right being set to 'Large'.
For dialogue and centre sounds. Ideally position at a similar height to the
front left and right speakers (above or below the TV/monitor). Using a centre
speaker from the same manufacturer/range as used for the front left and
right speakers is advisable. This "timbre matching" allows surround effects
to flow more naturally from left to right without obvious transitions between
the speakers.
If the Front Left and Right cannot reproduce low frequency bass a Subwoofer
must be used. i.e. If the Front Left and Right are set as 'Small' the Sub must
be Set to 'Yes'.
3 Surround Left and Right speakers
button
To store the setting simply come back out of the OSD (pressing the
always moves back one menu item, and then exits and stores from the main
menu screen).
For ambient and multi-channel sound. Floorstanding speakers should be
angled towards the listening position. Bookshelf/standmount speakers
should be wall mounted or used with dedicated speaker stands, positioned
at or above ear height.
4 Subwoofer
For improving the bass in your system, as well as reproducing dedicated LFE
(Low Frequency Effects) cinema effects when playing Dolby Digital or DTS
encoded discs. Your subwoofer can often be placed almost anywhere in
the room as bass is less directional, but experimentation with positioning is
recommended.
In each case the 5.1 in fact relates to the maximum number of speakers that
can be used, as the Centre, Sub and Surround speakers can all be deleted
if required (although of course performance is reduced). For example, if you
choose not to use a Centre Channel speaker you can set this to 'None' in the
settings, as shown later and the 351R will automatically redirect the centre
channel audio information into the Left and Right Front channels, creating
what is known as a 'Phantom Centre'.
Similarly, you might decide not to use a subwoofer if your main Left and Right
speakers are capable of reproducing enough bass for a satisfying music/
movie experience. The 351R will then automatically re-direct the bass from
the Subwoofer/Low Frequency Effect channel to the Left and Right Front
Speakers.
12
Also, setting the Front Left and Right as 'Small' will always set the other
speakers as 'Small' (and the Sub to 'Yes'). This is because LFE/ bass
information should not be redirected to the surround channels.
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351R
The following two sections can be performed by Cambridge Audio CAMCAS
procedure so you can if you wish jump straight to that section. However, it is
recommended that you do read these sections to understand the reasons for
these settings and their implications.
Speaker Delay
Because the speakers in a surround sound system are usually different
distances from the listener the 351R incorporates the ability to apply a
variable digital delay to each of the channels so that the sound from each
arrives at the same time at the listening position for best surround-sound
effect.
1 = Front Left speaker
1
3
2 = Front Right speaker
2
3 = Centre speaker
4 = Surround Left speaker
5 = Surround Right speaker
6
6=
Subwoofer (can be placed
almost anywhere)
4
5
Level calibration
The 351R allows level calibration to match the acoustic level between
different types/sizes or even manufacturers of speaker that may be being
used for each channel. This is achieved by adjusting the relative level of each
speaker. This can be done manually through the 'Level Calibration' menu in
the OSD or automatically, see the following Auto setup section of this manual.
The basic process for manual adjustment is to listen to or measure with a
Sound Pressure Level (SPL) meter (more accurate and recommended but not
essential) the level of sound produced by each speaker and set relative levels
for each speaker so that they all sound the same loudness at the normal
listening position. The 351R incorporates a Test Signal Generator (broadband white noise) to facilitate this.
button on the remote control to turn on the OSD then select the
Press the
'Speaker Level' menu. Now turn on the test signal by highlighting this item
and pressing the Left or Right arrows:
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Audio In. Select
Test Signal
Off <>
Tone/Sub Config.
Front L
0dB <>
Speaker Config.
Front R
0dB <>
Speaker Distance
Surr. L
0dB <>
Speaker Level
Surr. R
0dB <>
Speaker Xover
Center
0dB <>
Auto Setup
Subwoofer
0dB <>
Dolby/DTS Setup
OSD Setup
Quit : [I/O]
To set the delay times automatically, refer to the "Auto setup" section of this
manual.
To set the delay times manually, simply measure the distances from the
listening position to each speaker as shown in the following diagram:
Enter : [ENTER]
You can now move up and down the channels using Volume / on the
remote. Each time a new channel is selected the test signal will be heard to
move to that channel. Compare the loudness of all channels as heard at the
listening position.
No delay setting for the subwoofer is necessary.
Set the distances in the OSD Speaker Distance menu to the nearest value
in metres or feet (1 foot = 0.3 metres). The speed of sound is approx 340
metres per second, the 351R thus introduces approx 3mS of delay per meter
of distance set.
Go to the 'Speaker Distance' and highlight each speaker in turn. Set the
distance to the nearest value to that which you measured by using the Left
and Right arrows (the values do not need to be exact):
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Audio In. Select
Unit
Tone/Sub Config.
Front L
2.9 <>
Speaker Config.
Front R
2.9 <>
Speaker Distance
Center
2.9 <>
Speaker Level
Surr. L
2.0 <>
Speaker Xover
Surr. R
2.0 <>
Meters <>
A "rushing" or "hissy" sound should be heard.
Auto Setup
Dolby/DTS Setup
OSD Setup
Quit : [I/O]
Press the
button to exit the menu.
Enter : [ENTER]
Now adjust the channels so they all sound the same (in terms of loudness
only, channels of different frequency responses can sound different in terms
of the "tone" of the sound i.e. more or less hissy).
Pick the channel that sounds most different and select it to listen to the
test signal. Now adjust the relative level in dB (using the / buttons on
the remote) and continue comparing it to other channels until it is of equal
loudness. The level can be adjusted up to + or - 10dB in 1dB steps. Repeat
the process with the next most different channel. Once all channels sound
the same in terms of loudness, press the OSD button again to save the
settings and exit the menu.
CAMCAS Auto speaker setup for Distance/Level
The 351R includes our simple automatic speaker setup system called
'CAMCAS' (Cambridge Audio Mic Controlled Auto Setup). The system performs
two sets of tests firstly checking which speakers are connected and whether
they are wired correctly and in phase then a second automatically measuring
and adjusting the speaker delay timings (i.e. distance setting ) and levels.
Before activating this feature the 'Decode Mode' (i.e. type of speaker package
e.g. 5.1) and Large/Small/None status of each speaker must be set correctly
as per section 1. This is important as the unit will only look for and check the
speakers you have told it you have.
13
ENGLISH
2. Speaker setup
If necessary press the
button to perform a retest or press Enter to start
the second part of the auto setup procedure as below.
Auto Setup Menu
The unit is now measuring the Distance and Level settings for
your speakers
Please wait........
To perform the Auto Setup function, first connect the supplied microphone to
the front panel 'Mic In' input and place it at your normal listening position in
the room. It should also be placed at normal listening height.
Again a series of test signals will now be output from all of the connected
speaker terminals and subwoofer. The 351R uses these to measure the
levels and distances (and hence introduce the correct delays) appropriate to
your speakers and room characteristics.
button on the remote control to access the OSD and then select
Press the
the Auto Setup Menu. This will access the "Auto Setup Menu" as below.
When the auto setup of the 351R is completed successfully, the 351R will
return to the Speaker Setup Menu.
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Audio In. Select
Please press ENTER to start auto
Tone/Sub Config.
setup
Speaker Config.
Please press ENTER to start auto
Tone/Sub Config.
setup
Speaker Config.
Speaker Distance
Speaker Distance
Speaker Level
Speaker Level
Speaker Xover
Speaker Xover
Auto Setup
Auto Setup
Dolby/DTS Setup
Dolby/DTS Setup
OSD Setup
OSD Setup
Quit : [I/O]
Enter : [ENTER]
Follow the on-screen instructions and press 'Enter' on the remote control
when ready to start the Auto Setup function.
Auto Setup Menu
Plug the microphone into the Mic. input on the front panel and
place the microphone at normal listening position and height
Continue : ENTER
Once activated the OSD will display the message below and the word
'AUTOSETUP' will also be displayed on the front panel of the 351R to confirm.
Auto Setup Menu
The unit is now checking which speakers are connected and their
phase
Please wait...
A series of test signals will now be output from all of the connected speaker
terminals of the 351R (including the Subwoofer output).
Once finished the unit will display a screen similar to the one below reporting
which speakers were found and any that appear out of phase.
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The speakers that have been found are:
L C R SL SR LB RB SW
All speakers are in phase
Continue : ENTER
If any speakers appear unconnected or out of phase carefully check the
connections on the speaker and the back of the unit. Also check any bi-wiring
links that might be present on the speaker. For any out of phase speakers
check that the relevant + terminal of the 351R goes to the + terminal of that
speaker and similarly the – terminal of the 351R goes to the – terminal of the
speaker for that channel.
14
Audio In. Select
Quit : [I/O]
Enter : [ENTER]
The Speaker Distance and Level Calibration settings for each speaker will
have been updated.
It is of course now possible to go into the Speaker Delay and Level Calibration
menus if you want to manually check/adjust the settings made by the
CAMCAS system, and it is always advisable to check them as no system can
be totally foolproof.
button
To exit the auto setup menu of the 351R continue to press the
on the remote control to exit all menus or until 'OSD 'is no longer displayed
on the front panel. You can now unplug the microphone and put it away for
future use.
Note: If the auto setup of the 351R is unsuccessful for some reason a 'Fail'
message will appear on the OSD. Included in this message will be details of
the speaker channel or channels which have not been successfully adjusted.
If this is the case, please again check that the speaker or speakers detailed
in the OSD as 'failed' are connected correctly & have not been wired out of
phase. Also check the microphone connection and any other external issues
that could have affected the tests such as noise in the room etc.
Note: Like all such systems CAMCAS has some limitations. Speakers that
exhibit very strong phase angles or deliberately wire some drive units out of
phase can of course appear to the system as an out of phase speaker when
correctly connected. If a speaker is reported as out of phase but is correctly
wired please consult the speakers manufacturer in case this is the case.
Similarly bi-polar speakers which radiate in more than one direction can
make it difficult to measure the distance and sometimes level accurately as
you might expect.
In all cases it is always advisable to manually check the settings CAMCAS has
made for a 'reality check' to ensure there are no obvious errors.
351R
3. Source setup
Surround sound modes
The next step is to select each source input in turn on the 351R and tell the
unit:
The 351R supports several music and home-cinema listening modes. The
output the 351R can provide, depends both on the source signal present, the
speaker setup selected and the decode mode selected. Before we describe
how to operate the 351R, below is a brief guide to the Surround Sound
formats that the 351R is compatible with for reference:
• The type of audio connection you want to use for that source (Analogue,
Digital or HDMI).
• The processing mode for that source.
The 351R remembers these settings individually for every source input and
automatically recalls them as and when you change source input.
Select the 'Audio In. Select' menu. Highlight each source in turn and select
either analogue, digital or HDMI input types (use the  and  arrows):
Each source always has a dedicated HDMI input and a dedicated pair of
Analogue Stereo sockets associated with it on the back panel.
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Audio In. Select
BD/DVD
Tone/Sub Config.
CD
Speaker Config.
Video
Analog <>
Speaker Distance
Aux
Analog <>
HDMI <>
HDMI <>
Speaker Level
Speaker Xover
HDMI TV ARC
Dolby's lossless audio technology developed primarily for high capacity
Blu-ray discs/players. Dolby True HD delivers theoretically bit-for-bit sound
identical to the studio master by the use of 100% lossless encoding. Previous
formats such as Dolby Digital 5.1 or EX have used lossy encoding where some
data (that is theoretically less audible) is always lost in the encoding process
to reduce the storage capacity needed on the disc. This is a new format that
supports 5.1 full-range channels of 24-bit/96 kHz audio or two channels of
24/192 kHz via Blu-ray discs and is not backwards compatible with earlier
schemes. The format can either be transmitted as a 'bitstream' to the 351R
for internal decoding (recommended) or can be decoded by some Blu-ray
players internally and sent to the 351R as multi-channel PCM. In both cases
an HDMI connection is required to the 351R and a suitable Blu-ray player as
Dolby True HD is only ever transmitted over HDMI.
Enabled <>
Auto Setup
Dolby/DTS Setup
OSD Setup
Quit : [I/O]
Enter : [ENTER]
In addition, there are two S/P DIF (Co-Axial) and one toslink (Optical) digital
inputs available that can be freely assigned to any source.
For each source, pressing the Audio Input Type button thus scrolls through the
following options: HDMI, Analogue, Co-Ax1, Co-Ax2 and Opt.
HDMI and Analogue refer to the dedicated sockets for that source, Co-Ax1,
Co-Ax2 and Opt refer to the three assignable sockets that any source can
select.
These digital inputs should only be selected (assigned) to one source each.
Analogue inputs will require a stereo phono/RCA to phono/RCA cable
connection to the 351R. Digital inputs will require either a 75ohm digital type
phono/RCA to phono/RCA co-axial cable (S/P DIF) or an optical fibre cable
(TOSLINK).
Note: HDMI TV ARC is covered in a later section of this manual.
Once you have set the audio types exit the OSD to save.
This setting can also be changed at any time without using the OSD by
pressing the Audio Input Type button on the front panel or remote, this will
then cycle between analogue, digital or HDMI input types where available for
the currently selected source, as usual they will then be remembered the next
time you return to that source.
An encoding scheme based on the original Dolby Digital CODEC, but with
enhancements to improve coding efficiency and improved audio quality.
These Dolby Digital Plus bitstreams are not backward compatible with legacy
Dolby Digital decoders but require an AV Receiver developed to decode them
(such as the 351R) and an HDMI connection as Dolby Digital Plus is currently
only transmitted over HDMI. It is however a requirement that any Dolby Digital
Plus enabled Blu-ray player must also be able transform the Dolby Digital
Plus into a backwards compatible Dolby Digital 5.1 output for playback on
legacy Dolby Digital systems. The 351R is however fully compatible with Dolby
Digital Plus.
A new lossless audio codec from DTS, rather than being incompatible with
earlier versions, DTS-HD Master Audio is transmitted as an extension to a
normal DTS bitstream. A second embedded stream is sent which contains
the "difference" between the original studio master and the lossy compressed
DTS. DTS-HD Master Audio enabled devices (such as the 351R) are able to
use this difference information to recreate a bit for bit lossless version of
the original data. Devices which do not support the Master Audio extension
simply decode the original 5.1 DTS stream and ignore the Master Audio
extension providing backwards compatibility.
DTS-HD High Resolution Audio
Known also as DTS-HR an extension to the original DTS audio format. DTS-HD
High Resolution Audio supports fully discrete channels compared to DTS's
5.1. As with DTS-HD Master Audio a second embedded stream is sent which
contains the "difference" between the original studio master and the lossy
compressed DTS, however in this case the extra stream is also formed by
lossy compression.
Known also as DD (3/2) or DD 5.1, provides (up to) 5.1 output from suitable
encoded Dolby Digital material, with 5 main channels (Front Left, Front Right,
Centre, Surround Left, Surround Right) and a Low Frequency Effects Channel
for the subwoofer, all discretely encoded. Decoding Dolby Digital requires
a Dolby Digital encoded DVD disc and a digital connection from the source
equipment (Such as a DVD player) to the 351R.
Note: Dolby Digital and DTS formats can sometimes carry less channels
than their maximum such as Dolby Digital (2/0) which means a Dolby Digital
encoded signal which is actually only carrying a two channel stereo signal
(other channels inactive).
Known also as DTS (3/2) or DTS 5.1, DTS provides (up to) 5.1 output from
suitable encoded DTS material, with 5 main channels (Front Left, Front Right,
Centre, Surround Left, Surround Right) and a Low Frequency Effects Channel
for the subwoofer, all discretely encoded. Decoding DTS requires a suitably
encoded DTS disc and a digital connection from the source equipment to
the 351R.
15
ENGLISH
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Surround sound modes cont.
Operating instructions
To activate the 351R, switch the Power button on the rear panel to On then
press the Standby/On button on the front panel.
The replacement for the original ProLogic, Pro Logic II is a technology where 5
channels (Front Left, Front Right, Centre, Surround Left, Surround Right) are
encoded into a Stereo mix by an analogue matrix process. Dolby Pro Logic
II material can be played back by normal Stereo equipment (as Stereo) or
decoded into 5 channel surround-sound.
Selecting the source
1. Select the desired source by pushing the corresponding source button on
the front panel or remote control.
Dolby Pro Logic II is compatible with the earlier 4 channel (Left, Centre,
Right and mono Surround) Dolby Pro Logic system (which was the decoding
counterpart to Dolby Surround encoding) as used widely on Video tapes, TV
broadcasts and earlier films.
Note: Pro Logic does not include a Low Frequency Effects channel for the
Subwoofer, but the 351R can create a Subwoofer output (for 5.1) via Bass
management. Refer to the 'Tone/Sub/LFE configuration' section in the
'Operating instructions' part of this manual.
2. If necessary, press the Audio Input Type button to select the input mode of
the source equipment, either analogue, digital or HDMI (depending on the
connection made on the rear panel). You may have already assigned this
in the 'Audio In. Select Menu' in the OSD.
A DTS technology which is able to recreate 5 or 6 channels (Left Front, Right
Front, Centre, Left Surround, Right Surround plus optional Surround Back
) surround sound from suitable analogue matrix encoded stereo source
material. DTS Neo:6 material can be played back by normal Stereo equipment
(as Stereo) or decoded into 5.1 as on the 351R by sending the Surround Back
decode to the both the Surround Back Left and Right speakers.
Note: Neo:6 does not include a Low Frequency Effects channel for
the Subwoofer, but the 351R can create a Subwoofer output via Bass
management. Refer to the 'Tone/Sub/LFE configuration' section in the
'Operating instructions' part of this manual.
A DTS technology that provides 5.1 channels of 96kHz / 24bit audio (along
with video if required) on DVD-Video and DVD-Audio (video zone) discs (when
suitably encoded in DTS 96/24). DVD players which allow 'DTS digital out'
pass the DTS 96/24 bitstream over S/P DIF or HDMI for decoding in the
351R.
St andby On
The digital, analogue or HDMI icons on the display show which is the currently
selected input type.
Note: The 351R stores the input type for each source so that it is automatically
recalled when that source is selected again.
Select an appropriate mode for the source material/type you are listening to
by pressing the Stereo or Surround Modes button and cycling through submodes where available.
DSP modes
These modes allow a surround-sound experience from source material that
has no encoding at all. The surround sound effect is achieved by Digital Signal
Processing of the Analogue or Digital stereo source used. Five modes are
possible: Movie, Music, Room, Theatre and Hall.
Stereo/Stereo + Sub
Only the Front Left and Front Right speakers (and subwoofer if selected) have
output in this mode. If an analogue source is selected it will be converted
to digital via 24 bit A/D converters to allow digital domain sub creation and
bass/treble controls.
If a digital source is selected the 351R will be processing either LPCM stereo
(from the digital outputs of a CD player for instance) or a Stereo downmix
of DD or DTS material (from the digital output of a DVD player for instance).
- Selects 2 channel Stereo operation for stereo material, pressing again
selects Stereo + Sub mode.
This is a digitally processed mode that allows bass and treble controls, and
sub generation if required. The input can be either analogue (in which case it
will be turned into digital by 24 bit A/D conversion) or natively digital.
- Selects a range of digital surround modes for the appropriately digitally
encoded material.
Some Surround Sound types (such as the Dolby True HD and DTS HD Master
Audio) are available only from Blu-ray disc over HDMI.
Pressing the Surround Modes button will cause the 351R to lock onto
the incoming bitstream and select the first available mode for the current
bitstream type.
Other modes
In some circumstances (see tables) pressing the button again will switch to
an alternative decoding option.
Analogue Stereo Direct
Dolby Pro Logic and Neo:6 are both available in various guises to decode
appropriately encoded soundtracks. Additionally DSP modes are available to
process sources with no encoding at all. Due to the matrix encoding process
none of these modes incorporate flags that tell the 351R the type of encoding
used in the source material. Thus you must manually select these modes.
Selects the analogue inputs for the current source directly with no A/D
conversion, DSP processing, Bass/Treble or subwoofer channel active.
Provides the very best fidelity for analogue hi-fi source equipment. In this
mode the 351R is acting just like a normal hi-fi integrated amplifier.
Multi Channel PCM
Some playback devices (in particular Blu-ray players) are able to decode
some of the above formats themselves internally and then output the
decoded audio as Multi Channel PCM to the 351R. In addition Blu-ray disks
can support native unencoded Multi Channel PCM soundtracks on the disc
itself. In either case if your player can output these over HDMI the 351R is
able to receive them in Multi-Channel PCM mode.
16
Pressing the Surround Modes button when the 351R has locked to a DD/DTS
bitstream will present more options where possible including Post-Processed
modes.
These are modes that allow extra processing to be applied after the main
surround-sound decoding. For instance Dolby Digital (2/0) + Pro Logic II
Music. Which adds a 5.1 ProLogic decode to a Stereo Dolby Digital decode to
turn 2 channel stereo into 5.1.
Surround channel description for reference:
(1/0)
(2/0)
(2/0).1
(2/2)
(3/0)
(3/0).1
(3/2).1
- Mono, Centre channel only
- Left/Right stereo
- Left/Right stereo and LFE (Sub)
- Left/Right stereo and Left/Right surround - Left, Centre, Right
- Left, Centre, Right and LFE (Sub)
- 5.1: Left, Right, Centre, Left Surround, Right Surround and LFE
(Sub)
351R
ENGLISH
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Decode modes
Incoming
Native
Modes available
audio
channel
channels formatresolution
Output
PCM2
PCM
PCM + Dolby Pro Logic II Movie
PCM + Dolby Pro Logic II Music
PCM + Dolby Pro Logic II Game
PCM + Neo:6 Cinema
PCM + Neo:6 Music Hall, Room, Stadium or Theatre
2 "
>5.1
>5.1
>5.1
>5.1
>5.1
>5.1
Dolby Digital (2/0)
2
Dolby Digital
5.1
Dolby Digital (2/0)
Dolby Digital (2/0) + Dolby Pro Logic II Movie
Dolby Digital (2/0) + Dolby Pro Logic II Music
Dolby Digital (2/0) + Dolby Pro Logic II Game
Dolby Digital (2/0) + Neo:6 Cinema
Dolby Digital (2/0) + Neo:6 Music
Hall, Room, Stadium or Theatre
2"
>5.1
>5.1
>5.1
>5.1
>5.1
>5.1
Dolby Digital (3/2).1
5.1
DTS (2/0)
2
DTS (2/0)
DTS (2/0) + Dolby Pro Logic II Movie
DTS (2/0) + Dolby Pro Logic II Music
DTS (2/0) + Dolby Pro Logic II Game
DTS (2/0) + Neo:6 Cinema
DTS (2/0) + Neo:6 Music
Hall, Room, Stadium or Theatre
2"
>5.1
>5.1
>5.1
>5.1
>5.1
>5.1
DTS
5.1
DTS (3/2).1
5.1
DTS 96/24 5.1
DTS 96/24
5.1
Multi Channel PCM
5.1 $
Multi PCM (3/2).1
5.1
Dolby Digital Plus
5.1 $
Dolby Digital Plus (3/2).1
5.1
Dolby True HD
5.1 $
Dolby True HD (3/2).1
5.1 &
DTS HD High Resolution
5.1 $
DTS-HD HR (3/2).1
5.1
DTS Master Audio
5.1 $
DTS-HD MA (3/2).1
5.1 &
Key symbols
5.1< Indicates a 5.1 decode of 6.1 or 7.1 material (phantom back centre).
>5.1 Indicates a 5.1 output created by a 2.0 decode post processed to 5.1.
" Stereo or Stereo + Sub, Press Stereo Modes Button to change.
! Digital Signal Processing created modes for signals with no encoding.
$ Available via HDMI inputs only.
& Lossless encoded format.
Note: Bold entries are being output in their native resolution/format.
In all cases, pressing the Stereo Modes button always cycles round:
Stereo Modes
Output channels
Stereo
2
Stereo + Sub
2.1
Either native Stereo or downmix of DD/DTS 5.1/6.1/7.1 etc.
Pressing a mode button will first cause the 351R to scroll the current
decode mode across the front panel display. Pressing the mode button
again whilst text is scrolling on the display or within 4 seconds of it
finishing will select and display the next available mode.
17
Operating instructions continued
Using the Tuner
Audio Return Channel
The 351R supports an Audio Return Channel (ARC) function from TVs that
also support this function (which must feature an HDMI1.4 input and have
actually implemented the ARC feature, see your TVs manual).
ARC allows a TV to send audio back down its incoming HDMI lead to the
351Rs HDMI output socket.
This function allows the 351R to play back the audio from a TVs built-in
terrestrial cable or satellite tuner whilst you watch it's picture.
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azur 351R
1. Press the FM Tuner button on the front panel or remote control to select
Tuner mode.
2. Press the Mode/Store button on the front panel (or Mode button on the
remote control) to select automatic tuning, manual tuning or preset mode.
3. Press the Tuning + and Tuning - buttons (or the  and  arrow buttons on
the remote) to select the station you want to listen to.
In automatic tuning mode the unit scans to the next strong station. In manual
tuning mode the user can step manually through the frequencies. In preset
mode the unit cycles through the presets only.
Audio In. Select
BD/DVD
HDMI <>
Tone/Sub Config.
CD
HDMI <>
Speaker Config.
VIDEO
HDMI <>
Speaker Distance
AUX
HDMI <>
Speaker Level
Speaker Xover
HDMI TV ARC
Enabled <>
Auto Setup
Dolby/DTS Setup
OSD Setup
Quit : [I/O]
Enter : [ENTER]
To enable the use of ARC, press the OSD button on the remote and navigate
to the 'Audio In. Select' menu, select the HDMI TV– ARC and use the /
buttons to select the Enabled setting.
Two FM modes are available, stereo and mono - Press the Stereo Mono
button on the remote to alternate between Stereo mode and Mono mode. If
the Display button is pressed, the RDS station names of FM stations will be
displayed if available.
Using ARC
Storing stations
ARC can be started in one of two ways. If your TV supports it there may be a
menu item to start ARC on your TV.
1. Tune in a station you wish to store as explained previously.
2. Press and hold the Mode/Store button (or use the Store button on the
remote) for 5 seconds.
3. Use the Tuning+/- buttons to select a preset station number (1-15). The
station number will be displayed on the screen.
4. Press the Mode/Store button (or use the Store button on the remote) to
memorise the frequency.
Your TV then sends commands to the 351R which cause it to start an ARC
session and 'TV-ARC' will appear on the front panel display automatically.
Some TVs may also start an ARC session whenever you select the in-built
tuner and stop when you select another source.
Note: On many TVs their CEC/HDMI Link (which is often renamed as Vieralink
or AnyNet etc.) must be turned on for ARC to function
Radio Data Systems (RDS)
RDS is a method for the transmission of additional information from local
radio stations. RDS will only work if the local broadcasting stations have RDS
transmission and the signal is strong enough.
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Press the Info button on the remote and go through the displayed functions.
There are functions for PS, PTY, CT and RT:
PS (Station Name) - current station name will be shown
PTY (Program Type) - current name type of the program will be shown
CT (Clock/Time) - current time from Radio Station will be displayed.
Note: Clock/Time will be only transmitted from local radio station once a
minute. If the Clock - Time is not available the message "NO CT" will appear
briefly on the display.
RT (Radiotext) - Some Text messages will be shown.
Lip sync
The 351R can if required apply a small delay to the audio playback to
resynchronise it to any video playback which appears to be behind the audio
in time.
This can sometimes happen if the video is slightly delayed by a player or TV
performing a lot of video processing.
Pressing the Lip Sync button on the remote will bring up
the current Lip Sync value on the 351Rs main display and
allow adjustments in 10mS (10 thousandths of a second)
increments.
Setting the Lip sync value to 0 causes Lip Sync delay to be turned off.
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Note: The Lip sync value is stored and recalled separately for each source.
18
Alternatively you can start ARC by pressing the Aux/TV button twice on the
351R (as long as TV-ARC has been enabled in the 351Rs OSD as above).
The first press selects Aux/TV, the second selects ARC and 'TV-ARC' appears
on the front panel display. The 351R will then send commands to the TV over
HDMI to try to start an ARC session.
To finish ARC simply disengage it on your TV or press a different source button
on the 351R.
Advanced setup
351R
ENGLISH
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Tone/Sub configuration
Select the 'Tone/Sub Config.' menu:
For most users the basic three stage setup process should be sufficient for
normal use. However, the 351R also features many more advanced settings
for users who wish to further customise the settings and operation to
personal preference.
Sub crossovers and bass management
As covered in the '351R Setup' section the 351R performs bass management
for any speaker that is set to 'Small' in the OSD. This means that bass for
speakers that are unable to reproduce bass effectively is instead routed to
the subwoofer.
azur 351R
Audio In. Select
Front L/R
80Hz <>
Tone/Sub Config.
Center
80Hz <>
Speaker Config.
Surr. L/R
80Hz <>
Speaker Distance
Speaker Level
Speaker Xover
Auto Setup
Dolby/DTS Setup
OSD Setup
Quit : [I/O]
Enter : [ENTER]
The crossover adjustments in the Speaker crossover menu are used to
determine the point as which this transition is made. In other words they set
the frequency below which bass is routed away from any 'Small' speakers
and into the subwoofer channel. It should be understood that bass sent to
the subwoofer by bass management is different to bass encoded into the
surround-sound material as a dedicated Low Frequency Effects channel.
If the source material contains a separate LFE channel (i.e. DD or DTS
material) this is always routed to the subwoofer (if it is On) and is not affected
by the crossover setting. Some encoding types (Such as Dolby Dolby Pro Logic
II and Neo:6) do not actually have a LFE channel.
azur 351R
Audio In. Select
Bass
0dB <>
Tone/Sub Config.
Treble
0dB <>
Speaker Config.
LFE Trim
0dB <>
Speaker Distance
DD/DTS Sub Trim
0dB <>
Speaker Level
DD/DTS Bass Aug.
Off <>
Speaker Xover
PLII Sub Trim
0dB <>
Auto Setup
PLII Bass Aug
Off <>
Dolby/DTS Setup
Stereo+Sub Trim
0dB <>
OSD Setup
Quit : [I/O]
Enter : [ENTER]
The Bass response can be adjusted +/- 10dB @ 100Hz (shelving). The Treble
response can be adjusted +/-10dB @ 10kHz (shelving). The "Tone" icon will
light up on the display if these controls are adjusted away from 0dB (flat). The
subwoofer crossover point can also be adjusted from 40 to 150Hz in 10Hz
steps and also to 200Hz.
The 351R incorporates a couple of advanced Bass Management features.
The overall Sub Level for DD/DTS modes, Dolby Pro Logic II/Neo:6 modes
and Stereo + Sub mode can be set to different levels. This can be useful if
you prefer to have a high level of Sub operation whilst watching movies but a
lower level for music playback. The three levels are simply adjusted by up to
+/-5dB in the OSD. The second feature is that the way Bass Management is
applied can be changed.
In normal operation (Bass Augment Off) if the Front speakers are set to 'Small'
(in the 'Speaker Config' menu) their bass is re-directed by high-pass filtering
the Fronts and sending that bass to the Sub channel (i.e. bass is removed
from the Fronts and sent to the Sub). If they are set to 'Large' no filtering takes
place and no bass is sent from them to the Sub channel.
The default setting for all bass management crossovers is 80Hz and is a good
global starting point. If you do not wish to make any adjustments simply leave
all crossovers at this default setting.
However with the Bass Augment function On and the Front speakers set to
'Large', bass from the Front Left and Right is now sent to the Sub channel
without any filtering of the Front Left and Right taking place (i.e. these
channels remain full range). In other words, the bass in the Sub channel is
augmented by extra bass from the Front Left and Right channels. If the Front
Left and Right are set 'Small', Bass Augment has no effect and operation is
the same as for Bass Augment Off.
Note: These settings are actually only used for speakers that have been set to
Small in the Speaker Configuration Menu.
Bass Augment can be On or Off separately for DD/DTS or Dolby Pro Logic II/
Neo:6 operation.
For advanced users it is however possible to adjust the speaker crossovers
used for any speakers set as 'Small' independently to allow for the fact
that you may wish to direct bass away from front floorstanding speakers
(and to the Subwoofer) at perhaps 50Hz but away from Surround Left and
Rights at perhaps 100Hz. If you wish to make these adjustments it is best
to consult your loudspeaker manufacturers documentation or contact your
dealer to determine the frequency response of your system and where each
speaker types bass response starts to tail off (often called the 3dB or 6dB
roll off/cutoff point). This would be approximately the point the corresponding
crossover should be set to.
There is no Bass Augment function for Stereo + Sub mode because in this
mode if the Front speakers are set to 'Large' they will actually always be
unfiltered.
Bass Augment can be a useful function with Dolby Pro Logic II and Neo:6
material because these encoding types do not include an LFE Channel. This
would normally mean that if all the speakers in your setup were set to 'Large',
the subwoofer would in fact be inactive (as no bass has been re-directed
plus there is no LFE channel). If it is desired to have the subwoofer running
with all Large Speakers and these encoding types, enable Bass Augment for
Dolby Pro Logic II/Neo6 and then set the Crossover points and levels by ear.
A Sub channel will now be created from the Front Left and Right channels
without filtering them. As with all adjustments it is a good idea to experiment
to determine what works best with your particular setup.
Note: These adjustments work in all digitally processed Stereo or Surround
modes but not in Analogue Stereo Direct mode.
The LFE channel (for DD / DTS material) can also be trimmed by up to 10dB in
1dB steps useful for late night listening or other situations where it might be
desired to reduce the low frequency effect level perhaps temporarily.
Remember the LFE is the Low Frequency Effects channel encoded into
the disc and is different to the over all sub level which can include bass
management from the other speakers.
Bass and Treble adjustments can also be made from the remote handset
without entering the OSD by pressing the Bass/Treble button on the remote
and then using the volume up and down buttons.
19
OSD setup
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On-Screen Display is available on all video outputs.
azur 351R
Audio In. Select
Language
Tone/Sub Config.
OSD Format
Speaker Config.
Software Version
Audio In. Select
Panorama
Tone/Sub Config.
Center Width
Speaker Config.
Dimension
Speaker Distance
DRC
English <>
Speaker Level
576P
Speaker Xover
1.2 E
Off <>
0 <>
3 <>
Auto <>
Auto Setup
Speaker Distance
Dolby/DTS Setup
Speaker Level
OSD Setup
Speaker Xover
Quit : [I/O]
Auto Setup
OSD Setup
Quit : [I/O]
Enter : [ENTER]
The OSD can be shown in several different languages. To change the OSD
language highlight the 'Language' menu and use the Left and Right arrows to
select between English, Dutch, French, German, Spanish, Italian, Norwegian,
Swedish and Danish. Press the OSD button again to exit and save the options.
The OSD format can also be set to 576P PAL at 50Hz or 480P NTSC at 60Hz.
Note, incorrect setting of the output can cause loss of picture on TVs that do
not support the selected output type.
The last item is the software version, it may be useful to quote this in the
event of contacting our support centre.
Dolby/DTS adjustments
Panorama
Tone/Sub Config.
Center Width
Speaker Config.
Dimension
Speaker Distance
DRC
Off <>
0 <>
On – Compression is always applied for all Dolby soundtracks (reduced
dynamic range playback)
Custom installation (C.I.) use
An RS232 port is featured which allows the 351R to be
controlled by C.I. systems.
RS232C
Reset/Back-up memory
3 <>
Off <>
The 351R has a function that preserves the preset memory and other
settings. In the event of a power failure, or if the power cord of the unit is
disconnected from the mains outlet, the back-up memory will preserve the
preset memory for approximately one week. If the power supply is interrupted
for 7 days or longer, the memory settings will be erased.
Speaker Level
Speaker Xover
Auto Setup
Dolby/DTS Setup
OSD Setup
Quit : [I/O]
Enter : [ENTER]
The first three adjustments affect Dolby Pro Logic II processing (or postprocessing) in Music mode only. Movie and Game modes where available
are preset as part of their specification to match the encoding or provide a
specific effect. These adjustments have no affect in these modes.
1. Panorama mode
A Dolby Pro Logic II mode that extends the front Stereo image to the surround
sound speakers for a more enveloping experience. This mode can be either
On or Off.
2. Centre Width
Allows gradual adjustment of the centre image from being produced only by
the Centre speaker (Setting 0) through levels of being spread between the
centre channel and Left and Right speakers to finally being produced by the
Front Left and Right speakers only (Phantom Centre, Setting 7). Useful in
optimising the Front/Centre/Right soundfield for best integration of the 3
speakers. Best tuned by ear.
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3. Dimension
Adjusts the soundfield to be gradually shifted from the front of the room to
the back to suit taste, speaker positioning and size of room. Setting 0 has the
image furthest forward, 6 furthest back.
All three adjustments are a matter of personal preference, experiment for
the settings that you prefer when you are using Dolby Pro Logic II decoding.
4. Dynamic range control
This setting controls the dynamic range of Dolby Digital movie soundtracks by
compressing the audio to limit the difference in level between loud and quiet
passages in the movie.
This can be a useful feature when watching movies late at night for instance.
Three settings are possible:
20
Off – No Compression (normal full dynamic range playback)
A full code table and RS232 protocol for this product
is available on the Cambridge Audio website at
www.cambridge-audio.com.
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Audio In. Select
Enter : [ENTER]
Auto – Compression is always applied for Dolby Digital and Dolby Digital Plus
soundtracks. The application and amount of compression to Dolby True HD
soundtracks is dictated by the soundtrack itself.
Dolby/DTS Setup
If it is desired to reset all settings to their factory defaults (or in the unlikely
event that the unit locks up due to an electrical discharge etc), with the unit
on and out of Standby mode, press and hold the FM Tuner and Analogue
Stereo Direct buttons on the front panel for three seconds.
"RESET" will appear briefly on the front panel display before returning to
Standby mode.
351R
Troubleshooting
Technical specifications
A low hum or buzz sound can be heard
Audio
Power cords or lighting placed near this product.
Power Output
All Channels : 70 watts rms per channel,
8 ohms (two channels driven)
All Channels : 50 watts rms per channel,
8 ohms (all 5 channels driven)
Speaker connections disconnected.
THD
<0.006% @1kHz
Speaker set to "None" in OSD setup menu.
Crosstalk
<-60dB @ 1kHz
Sound cuts off when listening to music or there is no sound even though
power is ON
Frequency response
10Hz - 20kHz -1dB
S/N Ratio
>80dB 'A' weighted
Speaker impedance is less than prescribed for the 351R.
Audio Input Impedance /
Sensitivity
47kOhms / 175mV or greater
Digital Input Impedance
75 ohms (Coaxial/S/P DIF)
Analogue inputs not connected securely.
Sound is not audible from one or more channels
The unit is not adequately ventilated and may be overheating.
Low bass or "phasey" response
Speaker polarity (+/-) of one or more speakers is reversed.
Tone Control
- Bass - Treble An unusual hissing noise is heard when listening to a
radio broadcast in stereo, but not heard when listening
in mono
Tuner
A slight noise may be heard because the method used for modulation of FM
stereo broadcasts is different than that used for mono broadcasts.
HDMI
Aerial quality also effects the level of hiss heard.
Noise is excessive in both stereo and monaural radio
broadcasts
Poor location and/or direction of the antenna.
Transmitting station is too far away.
No sound from the rear speakers
Source being played is not recorded in surround sound.
Speaker/s set to "None" in OSD setup menu.
A stereo mode has been selected.
No sound from the centre speaker
Centre speaker has been set to "None" in OSD setup menu.
A stereo mode has been selected.
No sound from the subwoofer
Sub has been set to 'Off' in the OSD setup menu or via the remote.
DTS Neo:6, DD Dolby Pro Logic II modes (which have no LFE channel) have
been selected with all speakers set to "Large" (and bass augment off).
Remote control is not working
The batteries are flat.
The remote is too far from the receiver or out of the effective range.
No sound from speakers when connected to a digital
input or HDMI
Audio input type is set to analogue (check display). Press the Audio Input Type
button to switch to digital or HDMI.
- FM mode
+/-10dB @ 100Hz
+/-10dB @ 10kHz
87.5-108MHz, 75 ohm coaxial aerial
HDMI 1.4
EIA/CEA - 861D
HDCP 1.1
All audio modes supported except reception of native Direct Stream Digital
(DSD).
ARC and 3D-TV/deep colour pass through supported.
CEC and HEC not supported. (except as necessary for ARC)
General
Architecture
Cirrus Logic CS42518 24 Bit 192kHz
capable CODEC for surround channels +
24 Bit 2 channel A/D conversion
Cirrus Logic CS497024 Dual 32 Bit DSP
for surround decoding
Audio Inputs4 Line Level Analogue, FM Tuner, 2 Digital
Co-axial, 1 Digital Optical
Video Inputs
4 HDMI (1.4a)
Main Audio Outputs
5 Amplified Speaker Outputs
1 RCA/Phono subwoofer output
Main Video Output
1 HDMI (1.4a)
Recording Audio Outputs 1 Line Level Analogue
Other connections
1 ¼" / 6.35mm Headphone Output
(32 To 600 ohms recommended)
1 RS232C
1 IEC type mains inlet
Standby power consumption<0.5w
Max power consumption500w
Dimensions - H x W x D
100 x 430 x 330mm
Weight
8.2kg (18lbs)
No sound from speakers when connected to an analogue
input
Audio input type is set to digital. Press the Audio Input Type button to switch
to analogue (check display).
Audio input type can also be set in the Input/Output Setup menu of the OSD.
21
ENGLISH
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Cambridge Audio is a brand of Audio Partnership Plc
Registered Office: Gallery Court, Hankey Place
London SE1 4BB, United Kingdom
Registered in England No. 2953313
© 2012 Cambridge Audio Ltd
AP31785/1
www.cambridge-audio.com
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