01511

01511
I
APRlL
-rL0
L.._<
1993
1NiTIALASSESSMENTSTUDYOF
MARlNECORPSBASECAMPLEJEUNE
NORTHCAROLINA
I
_-.
L-
I.
i
NEESA'l3-011
::i!
NAVAL ENERGY AND ENVIRONMENTAL
SUPPORT ACTIVITY
Port Hueneme, California 93043
RELEASE OF THIS DOCUMENT
OF THE CHIEF OFFlClAL
REQUIRES
PRIOR NOTtFiCATlON
OF THE STUDlED
ACTIVIN.
,,,
chc kls! CLEF
INITIAL
OF MARINE
c
ASSESSMENT
STUDY
CORPS BASE CAMP LEJEUNE,
NORTH CAROLINA
1
UIC-M67001
I
: ..:
2::
:
,
Prepared
for:
NAVAL ENERGY AND ENVIRONMENTAL
Prepared
WATER AND AIR
Gainesville,
Dr.
-i
:
!
I
by:
RESEARCH,
Florida
INC.
Hugh Putnam,
Team Leader,
Report
Author,
Biologist
Mr. James Nichols,
P.E.,
Environmental
Engineer
Mr. Michael
Hein,
Environmental
Scientist
Mr. William
Adams, Hydrogeologist
Mr. Charles
Fellows,
Environmental
Chemist
Dr. Jerry
Steinberg,
P.E. Environmental
Engineer
April,
-..
SUPPORT ACTIVITY
--
I-
---
---
1983
”
EXECUTIVE
SUMMARY
This report
presents
the results
of an Initial
Assessment
Study
(IAS)
conducted
at Marine
Corps Base (MCB) Camp Lejeune
and outlying
fields.
The purpose
of an IAS is to identify
and assess sites
posing
a
potential
threat
to human health
or the environment
due to contamination
from past hazardous
materials
operations.
Based on information
from historical
records,
aerial
photographs,
field
inspections,
and personnel
interviews,
a total
of
76 potentially
contaminated
sites
were identified.
Each of the sites
evaluated
with regard
to contamination
characteristics,
migration
pathways,
and pollutant
receptors.
was
The study concludes
that,
while none of the sites
pose an
immediate
threat
to human health
or the environment,
22 warrant
further
investigation
under the Navy Assessment
and Control
of Installation
Pollutants
(NACIP)
Program,
to assess potential
long-term
impacts.
A
confirmation
study,
involving
actual
sampling
and monitoring
of the
22 sites,
is recommended
to
confirm
or deny the existence
of the
suspected
contamination
and to quantify
the extent
of any problems
which
may exist.Sirnce the on-site
survey,
KB Camp Lejeune
has taken
action
to evaluate
or mitigate
Site No. 2, the Former Nursery/Day-Care
Center,
and Site
No. 16, the Montford
Point
Burn Dump.
The 22 sites
recommended
for confirmation
are listed
below in order of priority.
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
10.
11.
12.
13.
14.
15.
16.
17.
18.
19.
20.
21.
22.
‘f
A
The results
necessity
f
“.J
of
Rifle
Range Chemical
Dump, Site No. 69;
Storage
Lots 201 and 203, Site No. 6;
MCAS Mercury
Dumpsite,
Site No. 48;
Former Nursery/Day-Care
Center,
Site No. 2;
Transformer
Storage
Lot 140, Site No. 21;
Camp Geiger
Dump, Site No. 41;
Mess Hall
Grease Disposal
Area, Site
No. 74;
MCAS Basketball
Court Site,
Site No. 75;
MCAS Curtis
Road Site,
Site No. 76;
Courthouse
Bay Liquids
Disposal
Area,
Site No. 73;
Fire Fighting
Training
Pit,
Site No. 9;
Industrial
Area Fly Ash Dump, Site No. 24;
Campbell
Street
Underground
Avgas Storage
and Adjacent
Fuel Farm at Air Station,
Site No. 45;
Hadnot Point
Burn Dump, Site No. 28;
French Creek Liquids
Disposal
Area,
Site No. 1;
Rifle
Range Dump, Site No. 68;
Montford
Point
Burn Dump, Site No. 16 (Mitigation
undertaken);
Industrial
Area Tank Farm, Site No. 22;
Crash Crew
Fire Training
Burn Pit;
Site
No. 54;
Sneads Ferry Road--Fuel
Tank Sludge Area,
Site No. 30;
Camp Geiger
Area Dump, Site No. 36;
Camp Geiger
Area Fuel Farm, Site No. 35.
of the Confirmation
conducting
mitigating
Study will
actions
i
be used to evaluate
the
or clean-up
operations.
JP
Naval
Environmental
Protection
FOREWORD
Support
initiated
The Navy
the Navy
Assessment
and Control
of Installation
Pollutants
(NACIP)
program
in OPNAVNOTE 6240 ser 45/733503
of
.ll
September
1980 and Marine
Corps Order 6280.1
of 30 January
1981.
The
purpose
of the program
is to systematically
identify,
assess,
and control
contamination
of the environment
resulting
from past hazardous
materials
management
operations.
An Initial
Assessment
Study (IAS) was performed
at Marine
Corps Base
(MCB) Camp Lejeune,
Jacksonville,
North
Carolina,
by a team of specialists
under
the direction
of the Naval
Energy
and Environmental
Support
Further
confirmation
studies
Activity
@'EESA), Port Hueneme,
California.
under
the NACIP program
were
recommended
at several
areas at the activity.
Sections
dealing
with
significant
findings,
conclusions,
and recommendations
are presented
in the report.
Technical
sections
provide
more
in-depth
discussion
on important
aspects
of the study.
_
Questions
regarding
the NACIP
program
should
NACIP
Program
Director,
NEESA (Code
112N),
Port
AUTOVON 360-3351,
FTS 799-3351,
or commercial
(805)
information
regarding
this
study
may be obtained
Director
at the above numbers.
Daniel
Naval
L. Spiegelberg,
LCDR,
Environmental
Officer
Energy
and Environmental
Support
be referred
Hueneme,
CA
982-3351.
from NACIP
ii
Activity
to the
93043,
Further
Program
OF MARINE
INITIAL
ASSESSMENT STUDY
CORPS BASE CAMP LEJEUNE, NORTH CAROLINA
CONTENTS
Section
Page
EXECUTIVESUMMARY
........................
i
FOREWORD .............................
CONTENTS
ii
............................
LISTQFFIGURES
.........................
LISTOF
TABLES
.........................
SECTION
1.
iii
vi
viii
INTRODUCTION
...................
l-l
1.1
PURPOSE OF INITIAL
ASSESSMENT STUDY ........
-1.2 -SEQUENCE OF EVENTS. ................
1.3
SUBSEQUENT NACIP STUDIES.
.............
SECTION
2.
2.1
2.2
2.3
2.4
SECTION
3.
3.1
3.2
3.3
3.4
SECTION
4.1
4.2
4.3
4.4
i
-ii
-.
i1
4.
SECTION
5.
5.1
5.2
5.3
5.4
SIGNIFICANT
FINDINGS.
.....
INTRODUCTION.
...................
.................
GENERAL FINDINGS.
DISCUSSION.
....................
SITES REQUIRING
CONFIRMATION
CONCLUSIONS
l-1
l-l
l-3
. .........
2-1
....
INVESTIGATION.
....................
3-1
3-l
3-1
3-l
3-2
INTRODUCTION.
...................
GENERAL ......................
......
SITES NOT REQUIRING
FURTHER ASSESSMENT.
SITES REQUIRING
FURTHER ASSESSMENT.
........
RECOMMENDATIONS
............
INTRODUCTION.
........
: ..........
OVERVIEW OF THE RECOMMENDATIONS PROCESS
SUMMARY OF RECOMMENDATIONS.
............
SPECIFIC
RECOMMENDATIONS BY SITE.
.........
BACKGROUND.
:.
....
4-l
4-1
4-l
4-2
4-2
......
5- 1
....................
GENERAL ......................
HISTORY ......................
PHYSICAL FEATURES .................
BIOLOGICAL
FEATURES ............
2-l
2-l
2-2
2-4
: ...
5-l
5-2
5-3
5-15
CONTENTS
(Continued,
Page 2 of 2)
SECTION 6.
6.1
6.2
6.3
6.4
6.5
6.6
6.7
SECTIdN 7.
ACTIVITY FINDINGS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
6-1
INTRODUCTION. ....................
OPERATIONS, ORDNANCE. .................
OPERATIONS, NONORDNANCE..............
OPERATIONS, RADIOLOGICAL. .............
MATERIAL STORAGE. .................
WASTE DISPOSAL OPERATIONS .............
SITES .......................
6-l
6-l
6-2
6-18
6-18
6-20
6-25
REFERENCES. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
7-1
APPENDIXES
APPENDIX A--MONITORING-WELL WNSTRUCTION ........
APPENDIX B--ABBREVIATIONS LIST .............
APPENDIX C--LOGS OF WELL NOS. HP-613 AND HP-616 ......
iv
A-l
B-l
C-l
LIST
Figure
?
I
OF FIGURES
Title
2-1
Site
5-l
Regional
Climatic
Conditions
of MCB Camp Lejeune
...............
5-2
5-3
5-4
5-7
5-8
' 5-9
6-l
6-2
r
at MCB Camp Lejeune
in
. . . . . . . .
the
5-4
Surface
Point,
Water Drainage
Sub-Basins
MCB Camp Lejeune.
.............
Surface
River,
Water Drainage
Sub-Basin
MCB Camp Lejeune.
.............
Geologic
County,
-
Cross Section
N.C. to Onslow
New River
Area
at Hadnot
5-5
at MCAS New
5-6
From Cumberland
County,
N.C.
Geology
Wildlife
Units
Detail
Disposal
6-3
Site
6-4
Detail
Center
of Site
Area.
Locations
for
Site
Locations
6-6
Site
No.
Building
Foreground
Site
Locations
6-8a
Site
No.
5-9
5-12
........
Areas
5-17
at
5-25
Solid
Waste Disposal
Sites
and
at Camp Lejeune,
N.C.
.......
No. 1, French
..................
at Hadnot
2,
Creek
6-33
Point
Former
6-34
..........
Nursery/Day-Care
6-36
at Midway
Park
Housing
at Open Storage
6--Storage
6-21
Liquids
2-- Former Nursery/Day-Care
Water Treatment
Plant
712.
....................
6-7
........
the New River
at MCB Camp Lejeune
of Site No.
......................
6-5
5-8
5-10
Red-Cockaded
Woodpecker
Colony
MCB Camp Lejeune
.................
Chronology
of
Waste Routing
N.C.
..............
Water Quality
Classifications
at MCB Camp Lejeune.
...............
2-3
Vicinity
Geologic
Cross Section
From Wayne County,
to Carteret
County,
N.C. .............
5-5
5-6
Locations
Page
Lots
201-203
Area
Center
in
Area.
.........
....
6-37
at
6-38
.......
6-41
6-42
LIST
(Continued,
Figure
OF FIGURES
Page
2 of 3)
Title
6- 8b
Page
Site No. g--Fire
Fighting
Training
Pit Near
Piney Green Road.
Oil Water Separation
Pit
in Foreground
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
6-42
Detail
of Site
Dump...,...................
No.
6-45
6-10
Site
at Montford
6-11
Site No.
Asbestos
6-9
6-12
6-13a
Locations
16,
16--Montford
Pipe Insulation
Montford
Point
Point
Point
and Vicinity.
. .
6-46
Burn Dump Showing
. . . . . . . . . . . . .
6-47
Details
of Sites
21 and 22, Storage
Lot 140,
and Industrial
Area Tank Farm, Respectively.
Site
No.
22--Industrial
Area
Tank
6-13b
Site
No.
24--Industrial
Area
Fly
6-14
Detail
of Site No.
AshDump.....................
24,
6-15
Detail
28,
6-16a
Site
No.
28--Hadnot
6-l6b
Site
No.
35--Camp
6-17
Location
Training
+
-
of
Site
No.
Point
Geiger
Hadnot
Burn
6-50
. . . . . .
6-52
Ash Dump.
Area
Point
. . . .
6-52
Fly
Burn
Dump.
Area Fuel
. .
6-57
. . . . . . .
6-58
6-58
of Site No. 30 at Combat Town
Area.
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
6-60
Site
at Camp Geiger
6-20
Detail
of Site No.
(nearSTP)....................
Locations
of Site
trailer
Locations
Camp Geiger
35,
36,
Area
Camp Geiger
Farm.
Dump.
. . . . .
6-19
Detail
former
. . .
6-55
No.
6-21
Farm
Industrial
Detail
of Site
Farm...............
6-18
Burn
Area Fuel
. . . . . . . .
6-62
A . . . . . . .
6-63
Area
Dump
6-65
No. 41, Camp Geiger
Dump (near
park)
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
6-67
at
6-68
6-22
Site
6-23a
Site No. 41--Camp
Park.......................
Camp Geiger
Geiger
Area
Dump Near
B . . . . . . .
._
the Trailer
6-69
vi
LIST
(Continued,
Figure
Title
6-23b
6-24
6-26
I
L
6-69
Detail
ground
. .
6-71
. . . . . . . . .
6-72
of Site No. 45, Campbell
Street
UnderAvgas Storage
and Adjacent
JP Fuel Farm
Locations
- Detail
MCAS New River
Mercury
6-74
of Site No. 54, Crash Crew Fire Training
t . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
6-29
Detail
of
6-30
Site
Locations
6-31
Site
No.
6-32
Physical
No. 69.
Features
and Locator
Map for Site
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
6-85
Site No.
Discarded
69--Rifle
Range'Chemical
Dump Showing
Gas Detection
Kits.
. . . . . . . . . .
686
Detail,of
Disposal
Site
Area
No. 73, Courthouse
Bay Liquid
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
688
Site Locations
Training
Area
at Engineer
and Amphibious
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
6-89
6-35
6-36
Detail
Court
No.
54--Crash
Site
No.
Crew Fire
Training
68,
Range
Dump . . . . .
Area.
. . . . . . .
Rifle
at Rifle
68--Rifle
Range
Range
Burn
Pit.
.
6-76
Site
6-34
1
48,
6-28
6-33
”
at MC&S New River
Detail
of Site No.
Dumpsite.....................
BurnPit..
!
--J
Page
Site No. 45--Campbell
Street
Underground
Fuel
Storage
Area . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Site
6-25
6-27
OF FIGURES
Page 3 of 3)
Dump . . . . . . . . . .
of Site Nos. 75 and 76, MCAS Basketball
Site and MCAS Curtis
Road Site,
Respectively
6-37
Site
Locations
A-l
Recommended
at HOLF Oak Grove.
hlonitoring-Well
?
vii
. . . . . . . .
Construction.
. . . .
6-77
6-79
6-80
6-81
6-93
6-122
A-2
LIST
Table
OF TABLES
Title
2-l
Pesticide
Day-Care
2-2
Levels
Center
Page
in Soil
(in ppm,
at Camp Lejeune
mg/kg),
1982 . . . . . .
Volatile
Organic
Contaminant
Wells
and WTP at Rifle
Range
2-6
Levels
in Potable
. . . . . . . . . .
2-10
Volatile
Organic
Contaminant
Levels
in Test Well
Nos. 15 and 16 and Surface
Waters Near the Rifle
Range Chemical
Dump . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
2-12
4-1
Summary
4-3
5-1
State
and Federal
for North Carolina.
2-3
5-2
5-3
*
of Recommended
- ,Proposed
Listing
Carteret,
Field
Work
. . . . . . . .
Status
of Sensitive
Species
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
5-22
Protected
Plant
List
for North
Carolina
Only Those Taxa Known to Occur in
Craven,
Jones,.
or Onslow Counties
. . .
5-23
Comments on Sensitive
Species
Regarding
Occur
rence Within
Study Area (Camp Lejeune
Complex).
6-1
Water
Treatment
6-2
Total
Rifle
Trihalomethane
Values
in Treated
Water
Range,
MCB Camp Lejeune,
1981 and 1982
6-3
Trihalomethane
1982 (in mg/l).
6-4
Constituents
6-5
Disposal
at
MCB Camp Lejeune
. . . . . . .
at
1 .
(THM) Levels
at MCB Camp Lejeune,
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
in Waste
Sites
.
at
Oil,
Complex.
6-8
69
6-10
1981
6-23
. . . . .
6-27
MCB Camp Lejeune,
Camp Lejeune
5-24
--
viii
SECTION
1.
INTRODUCTION
1.1
PURPOSE OF INITIAL
ASSESSMENT STUDY.
The Naval Energy and
Environmental
Support
Activity
(NEESA) conducts
Initial
Assessment
Studies
(IASs)
as directed
by the Chief of Naval Operations
(CNO).
NEESA
works in conjunction
with
the Ordnance Environmental
Support
Office
(OESO) during
IASs.
The purpose
of an IAS is to collect
and evaluate
evidence
which indicates
existance
of pollutants
that may brave
contaminated
a site
or that
pose a potential
health
hazard
for people
located
on or off an installation.
The IAS is the first
phase of the
Navy Assessment
and Control
of Installation
Pollutants
(NACIP)
program.
The objective
of the NACIP program
is to identify,
assess,
and control
environmental
contamination
from past hazardous
materials
storage,
transfer,
processing,
and disposal
operations.
The NACIP'program
was
initiated
by OPNAVNOTE 6240 ser 45/733503
of 11 September
1980 and Marine
Corps Order 6280.1
of 30 January
1981.
1.2
SEQUENCE OF EVENTS.
1.2.1
Marine
Corps Base (MCB) Camp Lejeune
was designated
for an IAS
by CNC letter
ser 451/397464
of August 1981.
Included
in this
IAS is
_
Helicopter
Outer Landing
Field
(HOLF) Oak Grove.
The environmental
consulting
firm of Water and Air Research,
Inc.
(WAR) was selected
to
conduct
the LAS in October
1981.
...
1
.J
1.2.2
The Commanding
Officer
of MCB Camp Lejeune
was notified
via
Atlantic
Division,
Naval Facilities
Engineering
Command (LANTNAVFACENGCOM)
and by NEESA of the selection
of MCB Camp Lejeune
for an IAS.
The NACI?
Program
Management
Plan
(Appendix
A to
NEESA 20.2-035)
and Activity
Support
Requirements
for LAS were forwarded
to the installation
to
outline
assessment
scope,
provide
guidelines
to personnel,
and request
advance information
for review
by the LAS team.
The LANTNAVFACENGCOM staff
was briefed
on the NACIP program
and
1.2.3
IAS on 25 January
1982 by Mr. Wallace
Eakes, NEESA Contract
Coordinator;
Dr. Jerry
Steinberg,
WAR Project
Coordinator;
and Dr. Hugh Putnam,
WAR
Team Leader.
/
1
i
1.2.4
briefed
MCB Camp Lejeune
Chief of Staff
and other
by the same team on 28 January
1982.
1.2.5
Various
government
agencies
were
8-25 February
1982 for documents
pertinent
contacted
included:
1.
-- J
..
I
.J
2.
3.
staff
contacted
during
to the LAS effort.
personnel
were
Agencies
NAVFXCENGCOM Historian,
Naval Construction
Battalion
Center
(NCBC), Port Hueneme,
California;
NEESA Information
Management
Department,
NCRC, Port
Hueneme,
California;
NEESA Information
Services
Department,
NCBC, Port Hueneme,
California;
l-1
InstaLlations
PLanning
Division
and Real Estate
Division
of
LANTNAVFACENGCOM Facilities
PLanning
and Real Estate
Department;
and Environmental
Division
of the
5.
Utilities,
Energy,
LANI'NAVFACENGCOM Facilities
Management
Department;
6.
Federal
Records
Service
Center,
Southeast
Regional
Branch,
East Point,
Georgia;
7.
National
Archives,
Washington,
D.C.;
8.
National
Archives
Annex, Suitland,
Maryland;
9.
Federal
Records
Service
Center,
Suitland,
Maryland;
10.
Operational
Archives,
Naval History
Office,
Washington
Navy
Yard, Washington,
D.C.;
11.
Aviation
History
Office,
Washington
Navy Yard, Washington,
D.C.;
12.
Naval History
Division,
Curator's
Branch,
Photographic
Collection,
Washington
Navy Yard, Washington,
D.C.;
13.
Department
of Defense
Explosive
Safety
Board, Alexandria,
Virginia;
14.
Navy Bureau of Medicine
and Surgery,
Washington,
D.C.;
15.
Marine
Corps History
Office,
Washington
Navy Yard,
Washington,
D.C.;
16. - Naval
Ordnance
File
(SAFEORD),
Sea Systems
Command, Safety
Naval
Surface
Weapons Center
(NSWC), Dahlgren,
Virginia;
17.
Accident
Incident
Data Bank (AID),
NSWC, Dahlgren,
Virginia;
18.
EPA Environmental
Photo Interpretative
Center,
Vint Hill
Farm, Virginia
(aerial
photos);
19.
NAVFACENGCOM Real Estate
Office,
Alexandria,
Virginia;
20.
United
States
Geological
Survey (USGS) Public
Information
Office,
Reston,
Virginia;
and
21.
National
Cartographic
Information
Center
(NCIC),
Reston,
Virginia.
4.
the
On-site
investigations
were conducted
during
the periods
of
15-24 March 1982 and 1 January-3
February
1983.
The field
team
interviewed
current
and past employees;
examined
records,
and visited
potential
disposal
sites.
Mr. Wallace
Eakes of NEESA and the following
WAR personnel
participated
in on-site
work:
1.2.6
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
Dr.
Mr.
Mr.
Mr.
Mr.
Dr.
Hugh Putnam,
Team Leader,
Report
Author,
Biologist;
James Nichols,
P.E.,
Environmental
Engineer;
Michael
Hein,
Environmental
Scientist;
William
Adams, Hydrogeologist;
Environmental
Chemist;
and
Charles
Fellows,
Jerry
Steinberg,
P.E.,
Environmental
Engineer.
Ground and aerial
tours
were made of MCB Camp Lejeune
and HOLF
Oak Grove.
Efforts
were made to corroborate
specific
information
discovered
during
interviews.
Verification
sources
included
present
and
past employees
with direct
knowledge,
aerial
photographs,
and documents.
Substantiation
has been obtained
for most interview
information
affecting
significant
findings
and recommendations.
1-2
1.2.7
From 1 April
1982 through
7 March 1983, information,
conclusions,
and recommendations
were developed
into
this
final
report
document.
This included
review
and comment by NEESA, LANTNAVFACENGCOM,
Marine
Corps Air Station
(MCAS) New River,
NAVFACENGCQM Headquarters,
and
Commandant
Marine
Corps (CMC) staff.
1.3
SUBSEQUENT NACIP STUDIES.
Recommendations
for a Confirmation
Study phase of the NACIP program
is based on the findings
of an IAS.
Confirmation
Study is recommended
only if the following
circumstances
exist:
1.
2.
these
Sufficient
evidence
exists
to suspect
that the activity
is contaminated;
and
The potential
contamination
may present
a danger to:
The health
of civilians
in nearby communities
or
a.
personnel
within
the activity
fenceline,
or
The environment
within
or outside
the installation.
b.
No further
studies
criteria
are not met.
are
conducted
i
.-a
.- ‘1
.J
_.j
A
l-3
under
the
NACIP
program
if
SECTION
2.
SIGNIFICANT
2.1
INTRODUCTION.
Substantial
during
this Initial
Assessment
Study
information
collected
and it includes
FINDINGS
information
has been
(LAS).
This chapter
three
sections:
collected
summarizes
the
1. Brief
statements
of significant
facts;
2. Narrative
discussion
elaborating
on the statements,
and
3. Abbreviated
descriptions
of all sites
judged
to require
further
assessment
(i.e.,
confirmation).
Information
on study findings
based
2.2
and data are presented
in Section
are presented
in Section
3.
6.
Conclusions
GENERAL FINDINGS.
2.2.1
military
Potentially
activities
hazardous
chemical
wastes have been generated
at Marine
Corps Base (MCB) Camp Lejeune.
by
2.2.2
Seventy-six
waste disposal
sites
have been identified;
however,
most (54) do not contain
hazardous
waste or do not pose a significant
threat
to human health
or the environment.
I
2.2.3
station
Outlying
sites.
2.2.4
-onto
base
Although
sites
were identified
throughout
the
and Hadnot Point
areas had the largest
number.
Landing
Field
(HOLF) Oak Grove does not contain
No industrial
property.
or municipal
wastes
were
found
base,
the air
Helicopter
any significant
to be migrating
2.2.5
Past use of aircraft
and tracked
and wheeled vehicles
has
caused Petroleum,
Oil,
Lubricants
(POL) contamination.
These substances
were involved
in 10 of the 22 sites
judged
to require
confirmation.
2.2.6
Contaminants
from the chemical
landfill
(Site
No. 69) are
expected
to move downgradient
and away from the potable
wells
at the
Rifle
Range.
(Defining
movement
of pollutants
is addressed
in more
detail
in Section
5.)
On the basis
of this
preliminary
study,
these
wells
are not at risk
from the chemical
landfill
wastes.
The Rifle
Range
Dump (Site
No. 68) west of Well Nos. RR-45 and RR-97,
requires
further
investigation.
Solvents
buried
at this
site may have moved upgradient
toward Well Nos. RR-45 and RR-97 during
heavy groundwater
withdrawal.
2.2.7
Ordnance
operations
are, in general,
carefully
controlled.
However,
there
is evidence
to indicate
that
limited
disposal
of some
ordnance
has occurred
at one disposal
site
(Site
No. 41).
Potential
adverse
public
health
or environmental
impacts
can be minimized
by
carefully
controlling
any future
digging
or construction
activities
at
the disposal
area.
2.2.8
Confining
semiconfined
aquifer
beds
are
separating
discontinuous
the
2-l
water table
aquifer
and the
at Camp Lejeune.
This condition
increases
the chance
of
the semiconf
ined aquifer,
2.2.9
is highly
practices.
Groundwater
susceptible
leachate
from old disposal
sites
the source
of potable
water.
near the surface
to contamination
charges
into
is not used for drinking
water
from hazardous
waste disposal
Surface
water contamination
is
unconfined
aquifer
generally
to the New River
or its
tributaries.
2.2.10
the shallow
migrating
also
follows
possible
land
because
contours
but
flow
in
and dis-
2.3
DISCUSSION.
The Camp Lejeune
complex
covers
approximately
170
square
miles.
Wastes
have been disposed
of in many areas
during
the
existence
of the base.
Because
it is so large,
Camp Lejeune
has used
localized
sites
for waste
disposal.
However,
all waste
was not disposed
of at authorized
areas.
Waste disposal
occurred
in many parts
of the
installation
and included
disposal
on the ground
surface;
the use of
borrow
pits;
and spreading
of waste
oils,
solvents,
and other
POL
compounds
on roads
for dust
control.
.
Located
on the Camp Lejeune
complex
(including
Marine
Corps Air
Station
CMCAS) New River
and HOLF Oak Grove)
are 76 sites
at which
some
form of waste
disposal
took
place.
These sites
were documented
through
Sites
at MCB Camp
past
records
and interviews
with
former
employees.
Lejeune
and HOLF Oak Grove are indicated
in Figures
2-1 and 6-37,
respectively.
Knowledge
regarding
the exact
location
of all base
disposal
sites
is incomp1et.e.
Some sites
may never
be found and much
information
now known
lacks
detail,
Assessments
of human health
or environmental
risk
have been
made by considering
factors
such as the type
of material
involved
and the
potential
for contaminant
migration.
Fifty-four
sites
were judged
to
present
no significant
risk
and do not need to be further
evaluated.
Twenty-two
sites
have potentially
hazardous
materials
and reasonable
potential
for material
migration.
These 22 sites
warrant
more analysis,
confirmation
analysis.
I.e.,
Overall,
most old disposal
sites
and areas
which
received
wastes
are in Hadnot
Point
area (location
of much of the base industrial
activity),
and at MCAS New River.
Many of the sites
judged
as needing
confirmation
contain
buried
POL compounds
(e.g.,
contaminated
fuels,
There have been unavoidable
waste
oils,
solvents,
and hydraulic
fluids).
POL spills
and leaks
throughout
the base.
At Hadnot
Point,
the Air
St at ion,
and Camp Geiger
fuel
farms,
there
have been releases
of either
Avgas) Wogas , JP-4,
or JP-5 in significant
quantities
to generate
concern
about
the groundwater
aquifer.
Training
functions
on the base require
use of large
numbers
of
tracked
and wheeled
vehicles.
In the past,
waste
oils
from maintenance
operations
were either
poured
on the ground
or put into
storm
drains.
This
practice
has been stopped
and a pollution
abatement
program
using
1-2-2
I
...A
t
i-.
r
1^.I.__ ----. --.-.- : .--
VlclNlT~
--__ -:----
: .___
-__ . . .. ,
._ ...-... ._.__- &J
-__.j
MAP
:
J
‘\
‘\
‘\
\
FIGURE
2-l.
Site Locations
Vatcr antl Air I<escarch,
at MCB
IIKZ.
Camp
‘1
2
‘\.,
\ \
og
v
Lejeun
Consulting
Envlronmenfal
Engineers
and
Sclenli~
oil-water
separators
has been instituted.
At MCAS New River,
waste oils,
solvents
and other
compounds were often
released
to storm drains
that
entered
the New River.
Another
practice
was to store waste fuel,
oils,
and solvents
and use them to control
dust on unimproved
roads.
About
1,000 gallons
per week of contaminated
JP fuel,
crankcase
fluids,
paint
thinners,
and other
assorted
POL compounds were used.
Fuels and solvents
were used during
crash crew and firefighting
training.
Since the base was constructed
in the 194Os, large
amounts
chemicals
have been stored,
used, and disposed
of.
One principal
disposal
site
is the chemical
landfill.
The area is now closed,
but
types of hazardous
materials
were buried
here in the past.
Although
of the chemicals
are known, records
identifying
other
chemicals
have
lost.
It is not known exactly
how much material
is involved,
although
is recognized
to involve
hundreds
of pounds of wastes.
Because
groundwater
contamination
is a concern,
test wells
have been installed
and a sampling
program
instituted.
of
all
some
been
it
The mission
of the base requires
training
using
live
ordnance.
For this
purpose,
year-round
impact
areas have been set aside.
Explosions have a local
blast
effect
on the environment,
but they are not
thought
to tFireaten
the ground water.
Skilled
Explosive
Ordnance
Disposal
(EOD) personnel
have typically
handled
unexploded
rounds in
contained
areas where ordnance
is either
burned
or electrically
exploded.
However,
some relatively
small
amounts of unexploded
ordnance
may have
been disposed
of in dumpsters
and then buried
in at least
one landfill.
Potential
for contamination
of the aquifer
varies
at Camp
Lejeune
because
of the discontinuous
nature
of confining
layers.
There'fore knowledge
of nearby geological
conditions
is needed to completely
evaluate
a specific
site.
Geohydrology
of the Camp Lejeune
complex
is
such that
groundwater
generally
moves toward the New River
and its
tributaries.
Potable
wells
at the base are usually
deep, but, due to
voids
in the confining
layer,
some wells
may not be completely
isolated
from shallow
groundwater.
Also, heavy demands for water may at times
produce
an overall
decline
of pressure'in
the semiconfined
aquifer.
Therefore,
contaminants
can migrate
laterallv
and vertically
through
gaps
in the confining
layer.
Another
factor
possibly
affecting
groundwater
quality
is the unknown status
of abandoned
wells.
Wells
improperly
sealed
when abandoned
may become pathways for contaminant
migration.
2.4
SITES REQUIRING
CONFIRMATION
INVESTIGATION.
The following
sites
warrant
confirmation
based on consideration
of the type of material
and the migration
potential.
Information
in this
section
is extracted
from one or more later
sections
in this
report.
As a minimum,
reference
should
be made to detailed
site
information
forms included
in Section
6.7
for:
1.
2.
Cautions
quantities;
Supporting
use;
regarding
estimate
information
limitations
regarding
2-4
activities
of
some
and dates
of
i
.-,.I
3.
4.
Locations
and
References
details.
according
to figures
to
streets
which
Site
locations
are referenced
Works Development
Map (PWDM) which is a
contains
a locator
system using
a letter
specific
grid.
Throughout
this
report,
following
format:
PWDM "sheet
number",
example,
a site
situated
in grid Al7 on
PWDM coordinates
11, Al7.
or other
show site
known landmarks;
location
and/or
to the 1979 edition
of the Public
set of 24 sheets.
Each sheet
and a number to identify
a
locations
are given using the
"grid
letter
and number."
For
sheet 11 of 24 is referenced
as
2.411
Site No. 1:
French Creek Liquids
Disposal
Area.
This site
(PWDKcoordinates
11, C7/D7) has been used intermittently
from the late
1940s to the mid-1970s.
Liquid
wastes
from vehicle
maintenance
were
poured
on the ground as part of routine
operations.
Dead batteries
were
emptied
of acid before
disposal.
Batteries
and used battery
acid usually
were hand carried
from maintenance
buildings
to a disposal
point.
Sometimes,
holes were dug for waste acid disposal;
these were immediately
refilled
with dirt.
During
oil
changes,
vehicles
were driven
to a
disposal
poinE before
the used oil
(or other
fluid)
was drained
and
replaced
with new oil.
Acid and oil
disposal
areas were not necessarily
congruent.
Suspected
quantities
involved
are 5,000 to 20,000
gallons.
of
waste POL and 1,000 to 10,000
gallons
of battery
acid.
Comparing
these
quantities
to better
documented
quantities
for a similar
site
(i.e.,
Site
No. 73) indicates
that POL quantity
estimates
may be low at Site No. 1.
.
2.4.2
Site No. 2:
Former
Nursery/Day-Care
Center
(Building
712).
This site
is at PWDM coordinates
5, KlO.
This area had been recently
operated
as a day care center.
From 1945 to 1958, pesticides
of various
kinds
were stored,
handled,
and dispensed
here.
Residuals
are present
but reliable
data from which to quantify
residuals
or spill
volumes
have
not been found.
Chemicals
used in significant
amounts
include
Chlordane,
DDT, Diazinon,
and 2,4-D.
Stored
only or used to a minor
extent
were
Contaminated
areas
Dieldrin,
Lindane,
Malathion,
Silvex,
and 2,4,5-T.
are the fenced playground,
approximately
6,300 square
feet;
the mixing
pad covering
approximately
100 square
feet;
and the wash pad,
An adjacent
drainage
ditch
possibly
approximately
225 square
feet.
received
washout and spills.
Table
2-l presents
results
of a preliminary
sampling
program
in April
1982.
Based on test data,
the day care
activities
were ceased in April
1982.
This site
is at PWDM
2.4.3
Site No. 6:
Storage
Lots 201 and 203.
coordinates
6, F3-4/G3-4/H2-4/12-4/J3.
In the 194Os, the area occupied
by Lot 203 was a waste disposal
site.
In the northeast
corner,
a site
is
Attempts
to estimate
marked
where an unknown quantity
of DDT was buried.
the amount have been unsuccessful.
The area where DDT was discharged
is
The
assumed to be within
an 80- to 100-foot
radius
of the dump marker.
size of Storage
Lots 201 and 203 is approximately
25 and 46 acres,
respectively.
DDT and transformers
containing
PCBs were stored
here.
2-5
‘W
Table
2-1.
Pesticide
Levels
in
ppm, mg!kg),
1982
Station
No.
Y.
Soil
Location*
1
Front
2
Rear
3,
at Camp Lejeune
DDE
play
area
Day-Care
DDD
DDT
Center
Chlordane
0.022
0.240
6.30
0.170
0.805
0.850
6.70
0.105
Wash pad
27.36
83.10
518.7
36.42
4
Mixing
68.68
643.60
7,500
45.68
5
Storage
0.021
0.100
0.061
0.060
play
area
area
area
(in
* See Fiiure-6-4.
NOTE 1:
digits.
Data
reported
NOTE 2:
Since
these
Source:
Jacobs
as received
analyses
Environmental
without
were made,
Laboratories,
2-6
regard
more
for
testing
1982.
significant
has been
performed.
No information
referring
Reports
of white powder
--- /
specifically
on the ground
to PCB leaks
has been found.
indicate
DDT spills
have occurred.
2.4.4
Site No. 9:
Fire Fighting
Training
Pit at Piney Green Road.
This
site
(PWDM coordinates
6, K3/L3)
has been in operation
from the
1960s to the present.
Pollution
abatement
devices,
including
an
oil-water
separator
and an impermeable
liner
in the training
pit
(approximately
800 square
feet),
have been installed.
About 30,000 gallons per year of used oil,
solvents,
and contaminated
fuels
are burned
during
training
exercises.
Until
the mid- to late
196Os, the pit was
unlined.
The entire
site
is about 1 to 2 acres in size.
The soils
are
sandy and without
ground cover.
2.4;5
Site No. 16:
Montford
Point
Burn Dump--The
dump (PWDM
coordinates
2, Nil-121
was opened around 1958 and was closed
in 1972,
although
unauthorized
dumping
has subsequently
occurred.
The site
_
contains
building
debris,
garbage,
tires,
and waste oils.
The quantity
of these wastes is unknown,
but the amount of oil buried
here is
considered
insignificant.
Materials
have been dumped on the surface
and
include
asbestos
insulating
material
(estimated
at less than 1 cubic
yard)
for pipes.
(Note:
Mitigation
has been undertaken.)
The site
covers
about b acres.
-7
,
2.4.6
Site No. 21:
Transformer
Storage
Lot 140.
This site
is at
PWDM coordinates
10, 115.
In 1958, the Pest Control
Shon moved from
Building
712 to Building
1105 as a-storage
and administration
area.and
to
Lot 140 as a mixing
and equipment
cleanup
area.
This shop probably
used
similar
pesticide
handling
and mixing
practices
as those used at
Building
712.
This suggests
the possibility
for pesticide
contamination
at this
site.
Additional
information
documents
werland
discharge
of
waste water generated
by rinsing
pesticide
application
equipment
on a
routine
basis.
Wastewater
discharge
was estimated
at 350 gallons
per
week in 1977.
Chemicals
stored
in Building
1105 were identified
as
Diazinon;
Chlordane
(dust);
Lindane;
DDT (dust);
Malathion
(46-percent
solution);
Mirex;
2,4-D;
Silvex;
Dalpon;.
and Dursban.
In the early
195Os, transformer
located
at Lot 140.
The quantity
of oil
about
a l-year
period,
is unknown.
oil was drained
drained
into
this
Also,
surface
discharge
of transformer
In response
to this,
the upper 4 inches
of soil
for PCBs in 1980.
One part per million
PCB or
topsoil
layer.
-I
.,
I
into
pit,
a pit
over
oils
has been reported.
at Lot 140 was sampled
less was found in this
The tank farm (PWDM
2.4.7
Site
No. 22:
Industrial
Area Tank Farm.
coordinates
10, 515) is currently
in operation.
In 1979, a fuel
leak
estimated
at 20,000
to 50,000
gallons
occurred.
The leak was in an
underground
line
slightly
behind.the
tank truck
loading
facility,
between
the building
and the large
above-ground
fuel tank.
The site
covers about
4 acres.
2-7
2.4.8
Site
No. 24:
Industrial
Area Fly Ash Dump.
This site
(PWDM
coordinates
10, L16-17,
M16-17)
was first
disturbed
in the 1940s.
The
disposal
area was used until
approximately
1980, when transporting
ash to
the present
sanitary
landfill
began.
The site
(estimated
to be 20 to
25 acres)
is adjacent
to upstream
portions
of Cogdels
Creek.
Materials
disposed
of include
fly ash, solvents,
used paint
stripping
compounds,
sewage sludge,
and water
treatment
spiractor
sludge.
The amount of fly
ash is estimated
at 31,500
tons.
The estimate
of stripping
compounds
disposed
of here is about 45,000
gallons
over 7 years.
2.4.9
Site No. 28:
Hadnot Point
Burn Dump.
This disposal
site
(PWDM
coordinates
10, 413-14)
was used for industrial
area waste from 1946 to
1971.
A variety
of industrial
waste (estimated
between 185,000
to
370.;000
cubic yards)
was burned
and covered.
The area has been graded,
seeded with grass,
and now supports
a good ground cover.
Its proximity
to Cogdels
Creek and the New River
poses health
and environmental
risks.
Leachate
and seepage
to Cogdels
Creek have been observed.
2.4.10
Site No. 30:
Sneads Ferry Road--Fuel
Tank Sludge Area.
This
site
(P'WDM cooridnates
18, 622) contains
sludge
and/or.washout
from
storage
tanks
at the industrial
area fuel farm.
When the contents
of two
12,000-gal?lontanks
were changed
from leaded
to unleaded
fuel in 1970,
sludge
and/or
washout was drained
from the tanks by a private
contractor
and disposed
of along a tank trail
which intersects
Sneads Ferry
Road.
Based on knowledge
of tank capacity
below tank outflow
ports,
about
It is possible
that
600 gallons
of sludge
and washout were disposed
of.
the site
has been used for similar
wastes from other
tanks.
Therefore,
the 600-gallon
amount must be considered
a minimum
quantity
estimate.
Composition
of sludge
and/or
washout
is unknown and may vary from
substantial
amounts
of tetraethyl
lead to mostly
cleaning
compounds.
Soils
in the area are sandy and conducive
to migration
toward French
Creek,
about 1,500
feet away.
2.4.11
Site
No. 35:
Camp Geiger
Area Fuel Farm.
The site
is at PWDM
coordinates
12, Cll.
A leak in an underground
fuel
line
occurred
in the
late
1950s (probably
1958) near the pad supporting
the overhead
tanks.
Amount of fuel
is estimated
to be in the thousands
of gallons
and the
fuel moved east toward Brinson
Creek.
Holes were dug to the water table.
Where fuel was floating
on the groundwater
surface,
it was ignited
and
burned.
Fuel contaminating
Brinson
Creek also was ignited
and burned.
Distance
from the fuel
farm to Brinson
Creek is approximately
400 feet.
2.4.12
Site
No. 36:
Camp Geiger
Area Dump Near Sewage Treatment
Plant.
The site
(PWDM coordinates
12, D13/E13)
received
mixed industrial
and municipal
wastes
from 1950 and 1959.
These were burned
and later
covered;
however,
some materials
may have been deposited
on the ground
surface
and covered
unburned.
The site
is about 200 feet
from Brinson
Creek and a small
roadside
drainage
ditch,
located
on the opposite
side
of the landfill,
is Less than 100 feet away.
The site
covers
25,000
square
feet and rises
10 to 12 feet above grade.
Estimated
volume
is 14,000
cubic yards.
Wastes of concern
are hydrocarbons
(solvents,
waste oils,
and hydraulic
fluids)
that were generated
at Camp Geiger
or
2-8
MCAS New River.
disposed
of over
.’
‘-7
!
'. i
I
?
As many as 10,000 to 15,000
9 years.
Most were probably
gallons
burned.
may have
been
Site
No. 41:
2.4.13
Camp Geiger
Dump Near Former Trailer
Park.
This
dump (at PWDM coordinates
13, E2-3) was active
from 1953 to 1970.
According
to interviews
with MCAS New River
and Camp Lejeune
Base
personnel,
it received
POL compounds,
solvents,
old batteries,
other
assorted
municipal
waste,
some ordnance
and, in 1964, bags of Mirex.
The
site
is estimated
to cover 15 acres and to contain
110,000
cubic yards of
waste.
The amount of solvents
and oils
disposed
of is estimated
to be
about
10,000
to 15,000
gallons;
the amount of Mirex
is estimated
to be
several
tons.
The amount of ordnance
is not known.
2.4.14
Site
No. 45:
Campbell
Street
Underground
Avgas Storage
and
Adjacent
JP Fuel Farm.
This site
is at PWDM coordinates
23,
013-14/P13-14.
The two facilities
are on each side of White Street
and
on the north
side of Campbell
Street.
In 1978, 200 to 300 gallons
of
Avgas were spilled
or leaked
from this
facility.
It is estimated
that
during
1981-1982
more than 100,000
gallons
of fuel
leaked
into
the surrounding
soil
due to corrosion
of underground
lines
at the JP Fuel Farm.
These lines
have been replaced
with an aboveground
system.
Although
the
volume
of Avgas loss is low, the estimate
may be conservative.
2.4.15.
Site No. 48:
MCAS New River Mercury
Dump Site.
This area is
at PWDM coordinates
23, D17/E17.
From 1956 to 1966. metallic
mercurv
from the delay
lines
of the radar units
was reported
to have been buiied
around
the photo lab, Building
804.
One gallon
per year was disposed
of
in this
area.
More than 1000 pounds may be dispersed
over approximately
20,000
square
feet adjacent
to the New River.
2.4.16
Site No. 54:
Crash Crew Fire Training
Burn Pit.
This site
(PWDM coordinates
23, 024-25/P24-25)
is an area off Runway 5-23 that has
been used since
the 1950s for crash crew training
with vaiious
POL
compounds.
Originally,
training
was on the ground
surface
with the area
surrounded
by a berm.
Later,
a pit was used, which was eventually
lined.
The area is about
1.5 acres.
Based on'present
annual
POL usage of
15,000
gallons,
nearly
one-half
million
gallons
of these compounds
have
been used at this
site.
Most of the POL was burned,
but as many as 3,000
to 4,000 gallons
may hav'e.soaked
into the soil.
2.4.17
Site No. 68:
Rifle
Range Dump.
This site
(PWDM coordinates
16, H6-8/16-7)
was active
from 1942 to 1972.
Fill
capacity
of the dump
.
is estiimated
at 100,000
cubic yards.
Types of wastes buried
here
include
garbage,
building
debris,
Waste Treatment
Plant
(WTP) sludge,
and
solvents.
Solvents
are used extensively
for weapons cleaning.
However,
the amount disposed
of at this
site
is relatively
small
and estimated
to
be approximately
1,000 to 2,000 gallons.
Solvents
are of concern
because
nearby Well Nos. RR-45 and RR-97 have been found to contain
organic
contaminants.
The distance
between the wells
and the site
is approximately
Although
the wells
are upgradient,
pumping
could draw
1,500 feet.
contaminants
toward these wells.
Table 2-2 contains
results
of volatile
organic
analyses
run on samples
from active
Well Nos. RR-45,
RR-47,
J
2-9
Table
2-2.
Volatile
at the
Organic
Contaminant
Rifle
Range
Levels
Sampling
Site
Date
Sampled
Well
RR-45-Water
April
10,
1981
Methylene
Well
No. RR-47-Drinking
Water
Well
April
10,
Well
No. R&97-Drinking
Wager
Well
*
April
10,
No.
.Drinking
Well
Bldg.
No. RR-85-Water Treatment
Plant--Treated
Water
April-lo,
RR Water
May 20,
Note:
Source:
Plant
Data
reported
Jennings
Reports
as received
in Potable
Wells
and WTP
Levels
(in ppb)
Contaminant
Chloride
4.0
1981
Clean
1981
Chloroform
Methylene
Chloride
Trichloroethylene
16.6
5.8
1.8
1982
Chloroform
Methylene
17.0
3.0
1981
Chloride
l,l-Dichloroethane
Chloroform
Methylene
Chloride
without
regard
Laboratories,
Inc.,
1981.
Dated:
April
16, 1981
May 29, 1981
Z-10
for
Raw
5.40
53.40
14.60
significant
Treated
3.40
94.40
4.0
digits.
RR-97,
Section
and the
2.4.18.
WTP Bldg.
No.
RR85.
Results
are
discussed
in
2.4.18
Site No. 69:
Rifle
Range Chemical
Dump.
This site
(PWDM
coordinate
16, L14-15/M14-15)
was once designated
for disposal
of all
hazardous
chemicals.
It has received
much attention
and is discussed
in
detail
here.
Although
past records
have been Lost', it is known that
pesticides,
PCBs, pentachlorophenol,
trichloroethylene
(TCE),
and many
other
compounds
were buried
here.
This landfill
was active
from the
early
to mid-1950s
to approximately
1976.
Tributaries
to the New River
(including
Everett
Creek and
unnamed creeks
and guts),
the Rifle
Range wells,
and surface
seeps are
nearby.
Test wells
already
exist
and intermittent
sampling
has been
done.
Also,
samples
have been collected
from a small
tributary
to
Everett
Creek and from pools on or near the site.
Results
of analyses
for the presence
of volatile
organics
are in Table
2-3.
Data on Table
2-3 show that water from Test Well
contains
elevated
Levels
of organic
contaminants.
Samples
water
from a nearby
pool also indicated
a high concentration
organic
compounds.
The pool is a pit 10 to 15 feet deep.
groundwater
through
its sides and bottom.
Nos. 15 and 16
of surface
of volatile
It collects
Because
there
is a risk
of contaminating
the potable
water
supply
at the RifLe
Range, samples
were collected
at three operating
wells
(RR-45,
RR-47 and RR-97).
The latter
well is about 6,000 feet from
the dump site.
AnaLyses were run for organic
contaminants
in both raw
and finished
water.
shown in Table 2-2, indicate
that Well
The results,
No. RR-97 had three
organic
contaminants.
No contaminants
were detected
but Well No. RR-45 had 4 parts
per billion
(ppb) of
in Well No. RR-47,
methylene
chloride.
Finished
water (Well No. RR-851 showed Levels
of
17 ppb of chloroform
and 3 ppb of methylene
chloride.
Possible
sources
of contamination
are discussed
in Secton 6.
!
I
. I
i
!
i
. i
-I
Samples
from the Rifle
Range wells
of raw and treated
water
have been analyzed
for trihalomethane
compounds.
Results
show that
treated
water
in August
of 1981 contained
total
trihalomethane
(THM) in
excess of 100 ppb.
Further
sampling
in 1981 and 1982 indicates
Levels
(except
in December
1981) approximately
half
those observed
in August.
Reduction
of trihalomethanes
may be possible
through
changes
in the water
Elimination
or reduction
of prechlorination
has been
treatment
process.
successful
in reducing
trihalomethanes
in other
plants.
Courthouse
Bay Liquids
Disposal
Area.
This site
2.4.19
Site
No. 73:
(PWDM coordinates
17, 111-12)
was used from 1946 to 1977.
The site
is
located
about
200 feet from Courthouse
Bay and 200 feet downgradient
from
the nearest
well.
About 13 acres have been identified
as a possible
PCL
disposal
area,
of which about 1 acre also has been used for waste acid
disposal.
Motor oil
from vehicles
was drained
onto the ground during
oil
changes
(potentially
up to 400,000
gal of oil
over 32 years).
Dead
batteries
were drained
of acid daily
or weekly.
The acid was poured into
2-11
Table
2-3.
Sampling
Volatile
Organic
Contaminant
16 and Potable
Wells
at Rifle
(Page 1 of 2)
Site
Levels
Range
in Test Well Nos. 15 and
(in ppb), April
10, 1981
Levels
(in ppb)
Contaminant
Test
Well
No.
15
Methylene
chloride
Test
Well
No.
16
1,1-Dichloroethane
Methylene
chloride
1,2-Dichloroethane
1,1-Dichloroethylene
Toluene
2
38
13
52
73.6
51.8
Pool BelowTest Well No. 16
Methylene
chloride
3.4
Rad Pool
l,l-Dichloroethane
Methylene
chloride
2.0
2.4
Benzene
Toluene
l,l-Dichloroethane
l,l,l-Trichloroethane
1,2-Dichloroethane
l,l-Dichloroethylene
1,1,2-Trichloroethane
Chloroform
Methylene
chloride
Trichloroethylene
1.0
181
176
103
101
258
252
34.6
37
141
Stream Bed Below,
Behind
Dump about
100 yds SSE of
Test Well No. 17
Methylene
chloride
Tetrachloroethylene
14
5.8
Tidal
Xarsh
of Road
Clean
Pool
with
Barrel
at End
Mouth of Stream
Everett
Creek
Well No.
Drinking
Well
RR-45-Water
Well No.
Drinking
Well
RR-47-Water
at
Clean
Methylene
chloride
Clean
2-12
4.0
Table
2-3.
Volatile
Organic
Contaminant
Levels
in Test
and 16 and Potable
Wells
at Rifle
Range (in
April
10, 1982 (Continued,
Page 2 of 2)
Nos.
Levels
(in ppb)
Sampling
Site
Contaminant
W&l! No.
Drinking
Well'
RR-97-Water
Chloroform
Methylene
chloride
Trichloroethylene
16.6
5.8
1.8
Chloroform
Methylene
17
3.0
Bldg.
No. RR-85-Water Treatment
Plant --Treated
Water
Source:
--I
Well
ppb),
U.S.
Navy,
chloride
1982.
,
_:
1
I
--I
-I
2-13
15
shallow,
hand-shoveled
holes
in
refilled.
It is estimated
that
Liquid
were disposed
of.
the disposal
area.
The holes
were then
10,000
to 20,000 gallons
of waste battery
2.4.20
Site No. 74:
Mess Hall
Grease Pit Area.
This site
of 2 to
3 acres is at PWDM coordinates
5, N12/014
and was used from about
1950 to
the early
1960s.
A large
pit at-this
site received
waste grease
from
mess halls;
however,
this activity
is not considered
to pose a hazard to
the environment
or human health.
Burial
of pesticides
and PCB-containing
oil
probably
occurred
near the grease pit.
A nearby
area (about
400 feet
southeast)
was the site
of a pest control
activity
where bags of sawdust
were soaked in DDT solution
before
being placed
in swamp waters.
Spillage, wastage,
and rinse-out
may have resulted
in pesticide
contamination
of.soiL
and groundwater.
Estimates
of quantities
involved
include:
1,100 gallons
of PCB oil,
50 to 500 gallons
of DDT solution,
and 2,200
gallbns
of drummed pesticides.
Both areas of this
site
are within
100
yards of an inactive
potable
water weLL.
2.4.21
Site No. 75:
MCAS Basketball
Court Site.
This site
is at PWDM
coordinates
23, 08-9/P8-9
and was used at Least once in the early
1950s
for burial
disposal
of drums.
Up to one hundred
55-gallon
drums-of
chloroacetophenone
(CN) training
agent(s)
(a tear-causing
compound)
are
believed,
to be buried
at this
site.
In addition
to CN, chloropicrin
(PSI,
.chlorofonn,
carbon tetrachloride,
and benzene may also be present.
This site
is located
within
100 yards of on-base
housing
and within
500
feet of two potable
water wells.
Another
potable
water well is located
about 800 feet from this
site.
2.4.22
Site No. 76:
MCAS Curtin
Road Site.
This site
is at PWDM
roordinates
23, LlO/MiO/NlO.
Drums were buried
at this
site
on two
separate
occasions
in 1949.
The drums are believed
to have contained
some type of chloroacetophenone
training
agent
(CN, CNC, CNB, CNS).
Depending
upon training
agent type,
other
chemicals
may be present
including
chloroform,
benzene,
carbon tetrachloride,
and chloropicrin.
Up to seventy-five
55-gallon
drums may be present
at this
site
Located
next to a residential
area and within
1,000 feet of two potable
water
wells.
2-14
SECTION
3.
CONCLUSIONS
3.1
INTRODUCTION.
Based on findings
of the Initial
Assessment
Study (IAS),
general
and site-specific
conclusions
can be drawn regarding
potential
for contamination
from past disposal
of hazardous
wastes.
GENERAL.
At 54 of the 76 sites
identified,
there
for harm to public
health
or the environment.
3.2
no potential
because:
1.
2.
3.
is little
This is
or
Most sites
contain
no significant
amount of hazardous
substances;
Potential
for migration
of wastes is small,
or
Waste movement
is not reasonably
expected
to cause exposure
to humans or biological
resources.
,
.”
‘i
!
/
Potential
for adverse
impact
exists
at 22 sites
(Nos.
1, 2, 6,
9, 16, 21, 22, 24, 28, 30, 35, 36, 41, 45, 48, 54, 68, 69, 73, 74, 75,
and 76).
Documentation
of pollutant
movement does not exist
at most of
these sites.
At least
some limited
field
investigation
is needed to
confirm
or deny pollutant
migration
from suspected
past disposal
sites
of
hazardous
wastes.
c
3.3
SITES NOT REQUIRING
FURTHER ASSESSMENT.
Sites
judged
not to
need additional
work are discussed
below.
3.3.1
Inert
Wastes.
Twenty-five
sites
contain
inert,
such as scrap wood, metal,
and construction
are Nos. 3, 4, 13, 14, 15, 17, 20, 25, 27, 32, 37,
47, 50, 55, 57, 58, 59, 61, 62, and 63.
3.3.2
72) were
the IAS.
hazardous
materials
wastes which are
debris.
These sites
38, 39, 40, 42, 46,
Nonverification
of Sites.
Five sites
(Nos. 8, 11, 23, 26, and
reported
as possible
hazardous
wastes sites
prior
to or during
However,
further
investigation
has revealed
that,
while
materials
may have been stored
there,
no spills
or disposal
of
occurred.
Petroleum,
Oil,
Lubricant
(POL) Spills
with Insigificant
3.3.3
Mieration
Potential.
Although
snills
of POL have occurred
at 9 sites
(Nos. 5, 31, 33, 34,,52,
53,‘-56,'64,
and 661, significant
contamination
is not expected
because
of the small
quantities
involved
or the
considerable
distance
to receiving
streams,
or both.
L-
I
-1
..._I
Landfilled
or Open Dumped Waste in Small
Quantities.
3.3.4
quantities
of wastes,
whether hazardous
or not,
were
14 sites,
be insignificant.
These sites
are Nos. 7, 10, 12, 18, 19, 43,
51, 60, 65, 67, 70, and 71.
3.3.5
No. 29)
action.
is
Permitted
Sites.
a permitted
site
The existing
and therefore
3-1
base sanitary
landfill
requires
no further
At
judged
to
44, 49,
(Site
NACIP
3.4
SITES
REQUIRING
3.4.1
Site No. 1:
used battery
acid may
Potential
also exists
and then into
the New
environmental
impacts
3.4.2
pesticides
Potential
Therefore,
possible.
3.i.3
disposal
off-site
aquatic
3.4.4
Residual
wafers
impacts.
FURTHER ASSESSMENT.
French Creek Liquids
Disposal
Area.
Waste POL and
threaten
a potable
water well at Building
636.
for pollutant
migration
off-site
into
Cogdels
Creek
River.
Hence,
adverse
public
health
and/or
are possible.
Site No. 2:
Former Nursery/Day-Care
Center.
Residual
may exist
in soils
and drainage
conveyance
sediments.
exists
for movement
to potable
groundwater
and Overs Creek.
adverse
public
health
and/or
environmental
impacts
are
Site No.
and spills
to surface
environment.
6:
Storage
Lots 201 and 203.
Residual
from past
of DDT may be present
in great
enough amounts
to move
waters
(Wallace
and Bearhead
Creeks)
and impact
the
Site No. 9:
Fire Fighting
Training
Pit at Piney Green Road.
POL from fire
fighting
training
potentially
threatens
surface
(Bearh_ead Creek)
with possible
adverse
health
and/or
environmental
)
3.4.5
.
Site No. 16:
Montford
Point
the ground
poses a public
health
threat
(Note:
Mitigation
has been undertaken.)
Burn Dump,
to persons
Site A. Asbestos
on
being exposed to it.
3.4.6.
Site No. 21:
Transformer
Storage
Lot 140.
Transformer
oil,
possibly
containing
PCBs, may have seeped into
the groundwater
table
and
may be migrating
toward potable
water wells.
Resid;al
pesticides
in the
soil
and in the drainage
ditch
sediment
may threaten
human health
by
direct
contact.
Migration
potential
to Bearhead
Creek exists,
hence,
adverse
public
health
and/or
environmental
impacts
are possible.
3.4.7
produced
potable
Site No. 22:
Industrial
residual
contamination
groundwater
(e.g.,
Well
Area Tank Farm.
Fuel leakage
may have
of soils
with potential
for movement
to
No. 602).
3.4.8
Site No. 24:
Industrial
Area Fly Ash Dump.
Past disposal
of
fly ash and solvents
may result
in migration
of harmful
substances
to
Cogdels
Creek with adverse
public
health
and/or
environmental
impacts.
3.4.9
Site No. 28:
industrial
waste disposal
River,
and a recreation
3.4.10
Site
deposits
from
quent migration
No.
fuel
to
Hadnot
Point
Burn Dump.
potentially
threatens
pond with adverse
health
Residuals
from past
Cogdels
Creek,
the New
and environmental
impacts.
30:
Sneads Ferry Road --Fuel
Tank Sludge
storage
may leach hazardous
fuel additives.
French Creek could result
in environmental
3-2
Area.
Sludge
Subsedegradation.
3.4.11
Site No. 35:
Camp Geiger
Area Fuel Farm.
Hazardous
chemicals
in residuals
from past fuel spills
may presently
exist
in soils.
Migration
of these chemicals
to nearby Brinson
Creek could adversely
impact
the aquatic
environment.
i
--1
3.4.12
Site No. 36:
Camp Geiger
Area Dump Near 6ewage Treatment
Plant.
Solvents,
waste
oils,
and hydraulic
fluids
in the landfill
may
move through
the soil
to contaminate
nearby Brinson
Creek or roadside
drainage
ditches
flowing
to Brinson
Creek.
Adverse
effects
on stream
biota
could then occur.
3.4.13
Site No. 41:
Camp Geiger
Dump Near Former Trailer
Park.
POL,
solvents,
Mirex,
and lead from batteries
are among hazardous
substances
which were disposed
of at this
site.
These substances
may migrate
to
tributaries
of Southwest
Creek,
thereby
causing
environmental
harm.
Some
ordnance
was disposed
of at this
site
and may pose a health
hazard
during
on-site
investigations
or construction.
3.4.14
Site No. 45:
Campbell
Street
Underground
Avgas Storage
and
Adjacent
JP Fuel Farm at MCAC New River.
As a result
of fuel spillage/
leakage,
tetraethyl
lead and hydrocarbons
may move through
the soils
to
nearby
drzinace
ditches
and eventually
to Southwest
Creek or potable
water wells.
3.4.15
Site No. 48:
MCAS New River
on or in the ground near the New River
causing
toxic
effects
to stream biota
..
Mercury
Dump Site.
Mercury
dumped
may be migrating
to the river
and persons
consuming
fish.
3.4.16
Site No. 54:
Crash Crew Fire Training
Burn Pit at MCAC New
River.
Harmful
substances
(e.g.,
lead)
in.waste
fuels,
oils,
and
solvents
may still
remain
in the soils
near the pit.
Potentially,
they
could
migrate
toward and into
drainage
ditches
flowing
to Southwest
Creek
and cause adverse
impacts
on aquatic
systems.
3.4.17
Site
disposed
of in
Stone Creek or
Nos. RR-45 and
No. 68:
Rifle
Range Dump.
Solvents
may have been
large
enough quantities
to be migrating
downgradient
moving
upgradient
into
potable
wells
(e.g.,
Well
RR-97).
to
3.4.18
Site No. 69:
Toxic
substances
Rifle
Range Chemical
Dump.
(including
pesticides,
PCBs, pentachlorophenol,
and TCE) may be moving
toward and into waters
of Everette
Creek-or
other
unnamed tributaries
of
the New River.
This poses threats
to human health,
via fish consumption
or direct
contact,
and the environment.
Troop training
in the area
occurs
and risks
of direct
exposure
to persons
exist.
1
-- i
.....J
3.4.19
Site No. 73:
Courthouse
Bay
motor
oil and battery
acid potentially
Phenolics
and heavy metals
(e.g.,
lead
with these materials.
A small
potential
potable
water well (i.e.,
near Building
health
and/or
environmental
impacts
are
Liquids
Disposal
Area.
Waste
could migrate
into Courthouse
Bay.
and antimony)
may be associated
exists
for contamination
of a
A-5).
Therefore,
adverse
public
possible.
3.4.20
Site No. 74:
Mess Hall
Grease Pit Area.
Spilled
DDT solution
and buried
drums of PCB oil,
pestrcides,
and other wastes may cause
groundwater
contamination
and pose a threat
to human health
via potable
water well contamination.
3.4.21
Site No. 75:
MCAS Basketball
Court
waste,
probably
training
agent(s),
may threaten
water
treatment
plant
pond with contamination
associated
solvents.
3.4.22
containing
groundwater
Site No. 76:
MCAS Curtis
either
dry or dissolved
and migrate
to existing
Site:
Buried
drums of
potable
water wells
and a
by training
agent anti
Bctiried drums,
possibly
Road Site.
training
agent(s),
may contaminate
potable
water wells.
3-4
SECTION
.i
-7
,I
I
4.
RRCOMMENDATIONS
4.1
INTRODUCTION.
No further
work is recommended
76 sites
identified
during
the Initial
Assessment
Study
section,
specific
suggestions
are made for further
study
22 sites
judged
to require
confirmation
investigation.
for confirmation
studies
are made only for sites
Lbcated
property
or adjacent
surface
waters
where comingling
of
property
waters typically
occurs.
Specifically
excluded
recommendations
regarding
interim
measures
at prospective
study sites
and sites
not located
on military
property.
at 54 of the
(IAS).
In this
at the remaining
Recommendations
on military
on and off
are any
confirmation
Recommendations
typically
involve
field
work which varies
in
effort
according
to perceived
magnitude
and extent
of contamination
potential.
Important
information
at sites
may remain
to be gathered
during
confirmation.
This is because
the purpose
of the IAS study has
been to determine
contamination
potential,
and at many sites,
this
has
been satisfactorily
assessed
without
processing
all
information
which may
be relevent
to a confirmation
investigation.
For example,
at some sites,
precise
location
of site
boundaries
remain
inexact,
and an important
aspect
of confirmation
will
be to better
define
them.
b Hazardous
waste sites
identified
by the LAS team were evaluated
using ,a Confirmation
Study Ranking
System (CSRS) developed
by Naval
Energy and Environmental
Support
Activity
(NEESA) for the Navy Assessment
and Control
of Installation
Pollutants
(NACIP)
program.
The system is a
two-step
procedure
for systematically
evaluating
a,site's
potential
hazard
to human health
and the environment,
based on evidence
collected
during
the IAS.
1
Step one of the system is a flowchart
which eliminates
innocuous
sites
from further
consideration.
Step two is a ranking
model
which assigns
a numerical
score within
a range of 0 to 100, to indicate
the potential
severity
of a site.
Scores are a reflection
of the
characteristics
of the wastes disposed
of at a site,
contaminant
migration
pathways,
and potential
contaminant
receptors
on and off the
installation.
CSRS scores and engineering
judgment
are then used to
evaluate
the need for a confirmation
study based on the criteria
CSRS scores assigned
to sites
recommended
for
stipulated
in Section
1.3.
confirmation
studies
,also assist
Navy managers
to establish
priorities
for accomplishing
the recommended
actions.
System
.-I
A more detailed
description
is contained
in NEESA Report
of the
20.2-042.
Confirmation
Study
Ranking
OVERVIEW OF THE RECOMMENDATIONS PROCESS.
Recommendations
are
4.2
presented
in the following
section
for additional
investigation
at each
site
reauiring
confirmation.
A confirmation
study may require
multiple
sampling
efforts
before
concluding
that a problem
does not exist.
Xovement
of pollutants
in groundwater
may be very slow and/or
nonuniform,
so that
sample wells may not draw from affected
parts
of the aquifers.
....I
4-l
Therefore,
in addition
to sampling
results,
recommendations
and conclusions
should
be based on all
facts
known about a site,
including
the
types and quantities
of waste, hydrogeology,
and potential
routes
of
Detection
of pollutants
in
pollutants
back into
the environment.
groundwater
samples
is generally
conclusive
evidence,
but negative
results
for a limited
number of samples
does not prove that pollutants
are not and/or
will
not be present.
subsequent
following
Recommendations
investigation)
format:
guidance
for
basis using the
Problem:
A short statement
indicating
types of materials
involved.
Information
regarding
type of potential
environmental
contamination
may also be given.
Goal:
A concise
objectives.
Approach:
An overview
-Wells:
-
Samoles:
are
(intended
to be used as general
are presented
on a site-by-site
General
statement
addressing
of general
specific
strategy
instructions
for
confirmation
applied.
siting
wells,
if
used.
General
directions
giving
types and numbers of
sediment,
groundwater,
or surface
water samples
specified.
General
location
for samples,
other
wells,
is often
included.
A brief
collect
Analvses:
Specification
of information
to be collected
for
different
type of sample.
Generally,
laboratory
analyses
are specified,
but relevant
supporting
information
may also be noted.
and analyses
of when, and over
types of samples.
specifications
are
omitted
what
than
Freauencv:
Frequency
recommended.
specification
the various
soil,
period,
if
to
each
no samples
4.3
SUMMARY OF RECOMXENDATIONS.
Recommended
principal
activities
are summarized
in Table 4-l.
For each site,
the suggested
number of well
Total
number of analyses
required
in well water,
installations
is shown.
surface
water,
surface
water sediments,
and soils
is shown for a l-year
period.
Constituents
recommended
for analysis
and frequency
(where
repetitive
sampling
is recommended)
are also indicated.
given
for
Table
4-l
each site
should be used with
in Section
4.4.
the
detailed
recommendations
4.4
SPECIFIC
RECOMMENDATIONS BY SITE.
Qecommendations
for
confirmation
work at specific
sites
are outlined
below.
Details
monitoring-well
construction
are given
in Appendix
A.
4-2
for
i
.J
Table 4-l.
Surxnary of RecamerrkdField
CSRS
Site
No.
Score
al-d
Study
Type*
1
17c-
2
27C
Work
Sanples
Wells
to be
Installec
Wd Is
Surface
Water
7
16
-
0
8
-
Sedimetis - S Soil
or
Cores
Tissues - 'I
37v
0
0
-
9
1YC
5
8
-
16
17
0
-
-
21
27C
3
12
-
=, PH, 0 & g, -tiny,
ChruIl&
Led, zinc
Phenolics
8
2
1
Cl pest, P pest, herb.
Cl pest, P pest, herb.
20
1
DIYT-R
2
Arcmat, IDX, phenolics
2
1
Cl pest, PCBs
Cl pest, P pest, herb.
2
A?mElt/Pb
1
1
2
1
1
2
Metals A
Metals A, F,
Metals A, F,
lox
o h g, Metals
Cl pest,
Cl pest
o & g, Metals
5
2
1
=, 0 & g, Pb
o & g, Pb
24
1
o h g, Pb
GM21
2s
22
15c
24
19c
2
30
-i
.
-I
-
12
2
-
5s
6
28
6
'
17c
11c
8
-
3s
2T
5
10
6
3tt
6
-
Constiiuents~*
2
4s
6
F=P=fl
35
6V
0
-
-
36
YC
5
10
-
2
41
26C
4
8-
-
2
I Gwx, Cl pest
45
1x
0
2
-
1
2
o C g, Pb
Pb, Aramt
3s
30
SC, pH
SC, $I,
C, PBS,
C, GUI
Table 4-1.
SmmaryofRecammkdFieldWork(Continued,Page
2 of21
Wells
to be
InStalk
6tt
6
it
f
1
a
33
6 *
4tt
4
4
3
-18
2
1 Total Hg
3
-
3
1
10
-
lo
14
10
2
-
2
I
1
2
/
-
2
1
I
I
1
PcBs; Rg, Residual
Chlorine,TCE,PCP
GWX, o & g, Cl pest,
PC% &. Residual
chlox;TxE,PCP
=, I% 0 h g, Ant&T
ck*
Led, zinc
Phenolics
Gwx. Cl pest, PCBS
c&x;, _ Denzene
GwC1,t ellzene
-..--, -
'%c' indicates Characterization
*ConfimationS~PankingSystemScoreisthenmericalvalue;
aml 'v' indicates Verification
Study.
t"Ntier
of samplings during initial
year of prcgram. Additional
samplingmaybe
required.
ek Key to constituent
abbreviations:
Cl pest. -0rganorhlorine
pesticides includingD~-R
P pest.Organophosptorous pesticides
DDI-R- DDT and residues
odgOil arrl grease
FHH- Purgeable halogenated hydrocarbons
IXTotal organic carbon
SC - Specific cotrluctarre
Yetals A - Arsenic, Cadmium, Chraoium, Coppr,le&,Nickel,
Selenium, arfi Zinc.
hetals B - Artimony, Chranium, lead, ard Zinc.
?letals C - Arsenic, Cadmium, Chranium, Led, Mercury, Nickel, ad Zinc.
organic halogn)
GKI - Crouhater
co~mktation
indicators,
i.e., SC, $5, TOC, 'KJX (tual
TOX - Total organic halogen
+EE - Trichloroethylene
Herb. - Pnenoxyalkanoic acid herbicides
PCP - Pentachxophenol
Xranat- Aranatics camtonly folad in fuels, e.g., benzene, toluene, xylene
tt Hand-agered wells.
source: rxR,19S2.
4-4
Sady
4.4.1
Core sampling
is generally
specified
as at l- to Z-foot
intervals
down into
the water table.
This spacing
is based on an assumed
depth
to groundwater
of 5 to 10 feet (i.e.,
4 or 5 total
samples).
If
depth
to groundwater
is greater,
intervals
should
be selected
to yield
4
or 5 samples
between the surface
and 1 foot below the water table.
Core
holes
should
be filled
with cement grout
following
samplings.
--
4.4.2
potential
present
indicator
Lead analysis
has been specified
in certain
instances
of
gasoline
contamination.
Other hazardous
substances
may also
in fuels,
e.g.,
benzene.
However,
lead is considered
a useful
and is a toxicant
in some fuels.
4.4.3
Upgradient
wells
to document
specified
at many sites.
Where several
or two background
wells
may serve more
!
4.4.4
measured
ref2rencing
background
groundwater
sites
are relatively
than one site.
., :
are
one
Static
and dynamic
(if appropriate)
water levels
should
be
whenever wells
are sampled.
Provisions
should
be mad2 to permit
levels
to appropriate
data [e.g.,
mean sea level
(msl)].
4.4.5
Whenever
DDT-R is recommended
for analyses,
this
analyzing_o,pL
and p,p'
isomers
of each of the following:
DDE (i.e.,
a total
of six individual
compounds).
1
quality
close,
be
refers
to
DDT, DDD, and
4.4.6
Analyses
denoted
as RCRA groundwater
contamination
indicators
refer
to specific
conductance,
pH, total
organic
carbon (TOC),
and total
organic
halogen
(TOX).
_________
--..
Site
No.
1:
French
Creek
Liquids
Disposal
Area
Problem:
Uncontained
disposal
of POL and used battery
acid has
occurred.
Radiator
flushing
containing
dichromate
probably
occurred.
There is potential
for migration
to groundwater
and less potential
for surface
water contamination.
A
potable
water well is located
in the vicinity.
Goal:
Determine
magnitude
for migration.
Approach:
Conduct
InstalL
Wells:
Use existing
well (Building
636).
Install
a total
of seven
shallow
weLLs-- three at downgradient
edge of each disposal
shallow
well east of Daly Road and
area and one background,
south of Main Service
Road.
Samoles:
Sample
Frequency-:
Analyses:
-Wells:
Test for
phenolics,
of disposal
area
an inspection
of the site
wells
and sample shallow
and assess
to determine
groundwater.
potential
boundaries.
each well.
Sample
twice,
separated
specific
conductance,
antimony,
chromium,
4-6
by 2 to
3 months
pH, oil
and grease,
Lead, and zinc.
Site
.I
No.
,t
Former Nursery/Day-Care
Pest Control
Shop)
Center
at
Building
712 (Formerly
the
Problem:
This building
(presently
closed
to use) and an adjacent
area
across
the railroad
tracks
was formerly
the pesticide
storage
and handling
facility.
Residual
pesticides
in the
soil
and the building
may pose health-risks
to supervisory
personnel
and small
children.
Preliminary
sampling
results
are shown in Table
2-1.
An adjacent
drainage
creek.(ditch)
probably
received
washout and spills.
A playground,
an old
wash pad, an old mixing
area,
and an old storage
area are
involved.
Goal:
Determine
types and amounts of pesticides
in the building
and playground
area,
remainder
of the area,
and in the creek
sediments.
Determine
if pesticides
have migrated
to nearby
wells.
Approach:
Collect
cores from three
sites
in the playground.
Conduct
a
thorough
inspection
of other
outdoor
areas (both inside
and
outside
the fence) where mixing
and handling
occurred
and
-obtain
three
additional
soil
samples.
Collect
two soil
samples
from storage
area east of railroad
tracks.
Examine
the building
thoroughly
and sample for pesticide
residue
or
Sample creek sediments.
volatile
Chlordane.
CoLlect
samples
from water supply wells
nearby.
-7
i
2:
Wells:
Use existing
Well
Nos.
645,
646,
647,
616.
Samples:
In playground,
take la-inch-deep
cores of soil
from three
separate
locations.
In other
outdoor
areas (washing,
mixing,
and storing),
take one la-inch-deep
core from each
area (See Section
4.4.1).
From building,
sample air for
volatiles
plus,
from most used rooms,
the residue
samples
from places
likely
to harbor
fugitive
substances,
e.g.,
behind
moldings.
In creek,
take sediment
samples
at four
immediately
downstream
of site,
about
1,400 feet
places:
downstream
near Well No. 646, about 4,000
feet downstream
above confluence
with Overs Creek,
and in Overs Creek
upstream
of creek widening
at Northeast
Creek.
In wells,
sample each well.
Frequency:
Sample sediments
and soils
once.
In wells,
sample twice,
If residuals
are present,
separated
by three months.
then further
intensive
sampling
is needed to determine
extent
and distribution
of contamination.
Analyses:
For soils,
sediments,
chlorine
pesticides,
herbicides
(including
air in the building,
Dieldrin.
well,
and residues,
test
for organoincluding
DDT-R, phenoxy
alkanoic
acid
For
2,4,5-T),
malathion,
diazinon.
test
for volatile
Chlordane
and
4-7
Site
No.
6:
Transformer
Storage
Lots
201 and 203
Problem:
DDT contamination
section
of Lot
Goal:
Determine
Approach:
Sample soils
in vicinity
of DDT.
Emphasize
areas
locations.
Samples:
At each of the four spill
locations,
select
five places
to
Unless
there
are
obtain
cores
(i.e.,
20 samples
total).
on-site
indications
to concentrate
sampling
places,
encircle
locations.
At each of the five sampling
places,
within
an
approximately
3-foot-diameter
circle,
take approximately
four shallow
cores 12 inches deep to produce
a single
composite
sample
totaling
about 3 kilograms
(kg) of soil.
At the DDT dump, deeper cores may be necessary
(see
Section
4.4.1).
.
Frequency:
Sample
Analvses:
Analyze
of soils
due to burial
203 and spills.
presence
of DDT in
once.
for
DDT-R.
4-6
soils.
in northeast
.
of suspected
dumping
and spilling
radially
from the four DDT-related
Site
No.
9:
Fire
Fighting
Training
Pit
at Piney
Green
Problem:
Contaminated
fuels
and smaller
other
Petroleum,
Oil,
Lubricants
used at this
site with potential
water table.
Goal:
Determine
migration
Approach:
Sample groundwater
and determine
contamination
from fuel
solvents.
Even though pit is now lined,
a plume of
material
may have moved downgradient
during
approximately
20 years before
lining.
Therefore,
collect
samples
adjacent
to and downgradient
of pit.
Well HP-635 is
approximately
500 feet away.
Although
not downgradient,
is pumping
and should
be sampled.
,
Wells:
if POL and .solvent
has occurred.
Use Well No.
well adjacent
Samples:,
-
amounts
of solvents
and
(POL) compounds
have been
contamination
of soil
and
compounds
635 and install
to pit.
well.
Static
and dynamic
referenced
to datum (see
Frequency:
Sample
well
Analyses:
Analyze
benzene,
thickness
twice,
_
_
present
two downgradient
Sample each
be recorded
each
are
3 months
-
1
---
.-----
--
of
it
and one
levels
4.4.1).
should
apart.
for aromatics
commonly
found in fuels
toluene,
xylene)
TOX and phenolics.
of any POL layer encountered.
7
and if
wells
water
Section
____
_
Road
-.--.
(e.g.,
Measure
-...
-..-
~.
~----.---.-------
Site
No.
16:
Montford
Point
Burn
Dump
Problem:
Unauthorized
Goal:
Confirm
quantity
of asbestos
on land
Alternately,
estimate
cleanup
effort.
clean up and remove friable
asbestos
operated
landfill.
ADoroach:
of
asbestos
here.
Conduct
a careful
inspection
of the
collect
asbestos
material
on ground
an approved
manner.
Samples:
NOTE:
dumping
None
Corrective
action
has been
initiated.
4-10
surface
in order
proceed directly
to an appropriately
site.
surface
Alternately,
and dispose
to
to
in
Site
No.
21:
Storage
Lot
140
Problem:
Pesticide
handling
and mixing,
and cleaning
of pesticide
contaminated
equipment
occurred
at this
site
and soil
Storm water runoff
may carry
contamination
is probable.
pesticides
into Bearhead
Creek via a railroad
track
drainage
ditch
adjacent
to Storage
Lot 140.
Potential
PCB
disposal
in pit may have contaminated
groundwater
with
subsequent
movement
to potable
wells
(Pump Houses 602, 634,
and 637).
Goal:
Determine
types and amounts of pesticides
at Storage
Lot 140 (to include
the rinse
pad, mixing
area,
and
and in drainage
ditch
sediment.
Determine
adjacent
areas),
PCB content
in groundwater
between pit site
and wells.
Sample existing
wells.
..
Approach:
Collect
soil
and ditch
sediment
samples
and install
Inspect
site
to determine
if the 1958 to
monitoring
wells.
1977 surface
material
has been covered
by new material.
Emphasize
areas adjacent
to wash pad and in mixing
area.
,
Wells:
.,,‘. 5.
1
Transformer
Samples:
j
i
Install
pit site
wells.
three monitoring
in directions
of
wells
approximately
potable
wells.
Also
100 feet from
use existing
Collect
soil
samples
at two depths
from each of four places
(i.e.,
eight
samples
total).
Locate
four places
as
follows:
two in lot near the southeast
corner,
plus two
outside
lot in areas apparently
within
surface
drainage
route.
Sample two depths:
upper 6 inches
and 12 to
Insure
that
sampled
soil
is
18 inches
below the surface.
not fill
material.
Collect
ditch
sediment
samples
downstream
end of Storage
Lot
of Sneads Ferry Road.
Frequency:
Sample
sample
Analysis:
For soils
including
alkanoic
test
for
each well.
twice.
Soil
and
at two locations:
140 and immediately
sediment:
and sediments,
test
for
DDT-R, organophosphorus
acid herbicides
(including
organochlorine
pesticide
4-11
sample
upstream
once.
Wells:
organochlorine
pesticides
pesticides,
phenoxy
For wells:
2,4,5-T).
scans (including
PCBs).
Site
No.
22:
Industrial
Area
Tank
Farm
Problem:
Fuels amounting
to 20,000
to 50,000
gallons
There is potential
soils
around
tank farm.
to a potable
well,
i.e.,
Well No. 602.
Goal:
Determine
groundwater
No. 602.
Approach:
Sample groundwater
No. 602, which is
Wells:
Use existing
approximately
Samples
:
Freauencv:
Analyses:
z.
Sample
all
Sample
well
leaked
into
for migration
whether
fuel components
are present
in
at Well No. 602 or between site
and Well
from
1,100
two-new wells
and from Well
feet downgradient
and pumping.
Well No. 602.
third
points
Install
between
two new wells
site
and Well
at
No. 602.
wells.
water
twice,
separated
Analyze
for aromatics
commonly
found
_ benzene,
toluene,
xylene)
and lead.
any POL layer
present.
4-12
by 2 to
3 months.
in fuels
Measure
(e.g.,
thickness
of
Site
No.
24:
Industrial
Area
Fly
Ash Dump
Problem:
Disposal
treatment
potential
water.
Goal:
Determine
potential
ADoroach:
Conduct
an inspection
of the site
to determine
Install
wells
and sample groundwater.
Sample
water in adjacent
creek.
of fly ash, sludges
from water and wastewater
plants,
and solvents
has occurred.
There is
for migration
to groundwater
and/or
surface
whether
hazardous
for migration.
wastes
are
present
and assess
boundaries.
sediments
and
...
Wells:
Install
five
one upgradient
Samnles:
Sample each well.
For creek sediments,
take samples
from
four places
near site plus one place about 1,000 feet
downstream.
Sample creek water at two locations
below
site
(approximately
east of Building
1775 and about 1,000
feet further
downstream).
Frequency:
For wells,
2 months.
Analyses:
For surface
water,
analyze
for specific
conductance,
pH,
fluoride
and heavy metals
(see list
below).
For
analyze
for TOX (as an indicator
of paint
groundwater,
stripping
solvents)
plus surface
water constituents
with
static
water
levels
in wells
referenced
to msl.
For
sediments,
test for metals
only.
Note:
Zuletals:
Selenium,
wells
at the
to establish
sample.twice
For sediments
Arsenic,
Cadmium,
and Zinc.
downgradient
background.
of
the
in wet season,
separated
and water,
sample once.
Chromium,
4-13
edge
Copper,
Lead,
Nickel,
site
by
and
Site
No.
28:
Hadnot
Point
Dump
Problem:
Domestic
site.
Goal:
Determine
whether
hazardous
wastes
water near creek and assess potential
on potential
impacts
on recreational
Approach:
Conduct
a careful
inspection
of the site
to better
define
boundaries
to insure
proper well siting.
Install
wells
and
sample
surface
water and sediment
in Cogdels
Creek.
Sample
fish
from the pond for chlorinated
organic
compounds.
welis:
Install
one well upgradient
for background,
one well downgradient
of the dump on the east side of Cogdels
Creek,
and
three wells
between dump and either
Cogdels
Creek or the
New River.
Samples:
i
and
Burn
industrial
wastes
were
disposed
of at
are
present
in
for migration.
pond fishes.
this
groundCheck
Sample each well.
Sample water column and sediment
from
three
creek locations:
(1) upstream
of dump, (2) adjacent
-to dump area,
and (3) downstream
at the mouth of Cogdels
Creek.
Sample one composite
each for two edible
fish
species
from recreation
pond.'
Frequency:
For wells
and water
column,
sample twice during
season,
separated
by 2 months.
Sample sediments
Analyses:
Analyze
well and surface
water for specific
conductance,
oil
and grease,
pH, metals,
TOX and TOC. Analyze
sediment
for oil and grease,
metals,
PCBs, and pesticides.
Static
water level
in wells
should
be referenced
to common datum.
Analyze
fish composites
for chlorinated
pesticides.
Note:
Metals--Arsenic,
Zinc.
Cadmium,
Chromium,
4-14
Lead,
Mercury,
Nickel,
the wet
once.
and
Site
.’
No.
30:
Sneads
Ferry
Road
Fuel
Tank
Sludge
Problem:
Sludge or bottom
deposits
disposed
of on the ground.
Goal:
Determine
whether
toward groundwater
Approach:
Define
location
of dumping.
residuals.
Sample groundwater
simple
wells.
Sample soil
for
toward French
Wells:
._
Use three
Creek.
downgradient
Samoles:
Sample
dumping
Frequency:
Sample each well
sediments
once.
.-i
I
Analyses:
hazardous
hand-augered
each well.
sites
(see
- Analyze
for
and lead.
specific
from
Area
wells
a large
waste
is
Take surface
cores
Section
4.4.1).
twice
separated
conductance,
fuel
tank
present
at
were
and migrating
substantial
Creek using
toward
French
5 places
near
by 2 to 3 months.
oil
Sample
and grease,
-.i
1
.I
..
-f
4-15
-
,.""._,.-
.- -I
-_-.
_
-..
---
Site
No.
35:
Camp Geiger
Area
Fuel
Farm
Problem:
Fuel spills
have contaminated
soils.
sibility
of groundwater
contamination.
Goal:
Determine
if soils
and groundwater
Mogas containing
tetraethyl
lead.
Approach:
Sample soil
between
leak and Brinson
Creek to assess extent
and location
of residual
contamination,
and to assess
potential
for movement
into
Brinson
Creek.
Surface
gradient
to creek is near due east;
however,
exact path of
spill
migration
is not documented.
Therefore,
sample soil
at points
along the topographic
gradient,
but at locations
on each side of the gradient
line
passing
directly
through
the leak.
Samples:
Collect
a total
of 24 soil
cores down to 1 foot below the
water table
at l- to 2-foot
increments.
At each of six
points,
collect
cores at 4 depths.
Determine
the six
points
as follows:
Establish
a line
parallel
to the
passing
through
the leak.
Establish
three
- gradient
perpendicular.
crosslines
along
the line:
near leak,
near
creek,
and intermediate.
Along each crossline,
core at two
points,
50 to 100 feet on each side of original
line
(see
Section
4.4.1).
c
Frequency:
Sample
once.
Analvses:
Analyze
for
oil
and grease
4-16
and lead.
There
remain
is
a pos-
contaminated
with
Site
c
No.
36:
Camp Geiger
Area
wastes
Dump near
have
been
Problem:
Industrial
Goal:
Determine
migration
whether
hazardous
has occurred.
Approach:
Establish
monitoring
Wells:
Install
a total
of five wells:
downgradient,
close
to boundary,
clockwise
from north
to south.
Samples:
Sample
each
Freqtiency:
Sample
twice,
Analyses:
Analyze
(GWCI)
for
with
wells
separated
wastes
of
are
to document
at
this
present
site.
and if
groundwater
one background
plus
surrounding
mound
by 2 to
3 months.
RCRA groundwater
contamination
static
water
level
referenced
.’
.
i
-1
,..
_I
-._1
-i
disposed
Plant
well.
’
..
Sewage Treatment
4-17
indicators
to msl.
quality
four
Site
No.
41:
Camp Geiger
Dump near
former
Trailer
Park
Problem:
Industrial
wastes and pesticides
have been disposed
of
here,
resulting
in potential
contamination
of groundwater
and two small
tributaries
to Southwest
Creek.
Goal:
Determine
migration
Approach:
Install
four monitor
wells,
one upgradient
and three
downgradient.
Suitability
of existing
Test Well Nos. 18,
19, 20, and 21 will
be determined
by Phase II geologists
(see Appendix
A).
If any existing
wells
are found
unsuitable,
then casings
should
be removed and holes
plugged.
Downgradient
wells
should
address
potential
movement
to each small
tributary
and wetland.
Wells:
See above.
Samples:
Sample
FrequencQ:
Analyses:
- Sample
whether
groundwater
has occurred
toward
is con'taminated
nearby surface
and whether
water.
each well.
twice
in a 3-month
period
during
wet season.
Analyze
for RCRA groundwater
contamination
indicators
organochlorine
pesticides
with static
water levels
referenced
to msl.
4-18
and
Site
No.
45:
Problem:
Campbell
Street
Underground
Fuel Farm at Air Station
Avgas
Storage
and Adjacent
There is potential
migration
and groundwater
contamination
from fuels
containing
tetraethyl
lead..
A potable
water
well is located
near drainage
canal.,
Determine
if JP fuel has contaminated
soils
outside
of
fuel
farm or the groundwater
or surface
drainage.
Determine
extent
of contamination
of soil
and surface
drainage
due to Avgas leak.
Approach:
.
Sample soils
near both
Sample surface
drainage
(downgradient)
of fuel
most southward
surface
No. 4140, which is about
sites
and lies
near the
Wells:
Use existing
Samples:
i
i
-_.
>
!
..-I
Analyses:
JP
_
Well
No.
the
sites
to define
extent
of impact.
canal which parallels
roadway south
farm.
This ditch
should
intercept
Sample Well
and subsurface
flow.
700 to 800 feet downgradient
of
drainage
ditch/canal.
4140.
Sample
bottom
Campbell
Street
select
of both
depths
Section
Well No. 4140.
In the drainage
ditch/canal,
sample
sediments
at three
places,
i.e.,
near sites
on
near Well No. 4140, and south of Schmidt
Street,
For soil
cores,
(i.e.,
about 3,000 feet from site).
--five
locations
around perimeter
10 coring
locations
collect
cores at three
sites.
At each location,
1 foot below water table
(see
from surface
down to
4.4.1).
Sample
twice,
soils
and sediments
once.
separated
by 2 to 3 months.
Sample
Analyze
every soil
sample
for lead and
analyze
for aromatics
For well water,
fuels
(e.g.,
benzene,
toluene,
xylrne)
Static
and dynamic
water levels
should
common datum.
Well
No.
4140
oil and grease.
commonly
found in
and for lead.
be referenced
to
4-18
_-
..-.
___--__-_-_
.,-
__--..- -
Site
No.
48:
Problem:
MCAS New River
Mercury
Dumpsite
Metallic
mercury
may have been dumped over a lo-year
No evidence
has been found
period
behind
Building
804.
indicate
a central
disposal
place.
It is surmised
that
disposal
occurred
at random places
with each place
containing
relatively
small
amounts *of mercury.
Goal:
Determine
Approach:
Install
wells
in line
parallel
to river.
About 100 feet of
shoreline
is involved.
Well spacing
should be relatively
close due to potential
for several
pockets
of mercury
to
exist.
Elaborate
wells
are not needed because mercury
is
only consitutent
of interest.
%.
Wells:
Install
Samples:
Sample
Frequency:
1
Analvses:
whether
six
simple
is
(hand-augered)
in
groundwater
monitoring
near
river.
wells.
each well.
Take initial
annually.
Analyze
mercury
to
samples,
for
total
sample
mercury.
4-19
6 months
later,
then
sample
Site
No.
54:
Crash
Crew Fire
Training
Burn
Pit
at
the
Problem:
Contaminated
fuels,
including
leaded
fuel,
compounds
are used for training
purposes.
contaminated
the surrounding
soil.
Goal :
Determine
whether
soils
contaminated
and whether
enter
groundwater.
Approach:
Sample
Wells:
.
None
Samples
,
Analyses:
soil
in
iunnediate
Station
and various
POL
Spills
may have
of
site are
for POL to
area.
Collect
a total
of 24 cores.
Cores should
be deep enough
to extend
1 foot into
groundwater
table.
Take samples
at
l- to 2-foot
intervals
(i.e.,
four depths
at each place).
Locate
cores six places
around
pit counter
clockwise
from
northwest
to southeast
of the pit
(i.e.,
between pit and
drainage
ditches).
Core at places
equidistant
from pit and
nearest
ditch
(see Section
4.4.1).
:
Frequenc*y:
the
in immediate
area
there
is potential
Air
-
Sample
once.
Analyze
for
oil
and grease
and lead.
Site
No.
68:
Rifle
Range
Dump
Problem:
Solvents
potable
Goal:
Determine
upgradient
Approach:
Establish
test wells
upgradient
and downgradient
of dump
site
to be sampled
in conjunction
with nearby water supply
wells.
Upgradient
wells
used to assess possible
migration
toward potable
water wells
rather
than to document
background.
Wells:
Install
three wells
downgradient
of dump site to determine
whether
pollutants
have moved toward Stone Creek.
Install
three wells
upgradient
between dump site and Well
Nos. RR-45 and RR-97..
Sampling:
Sample
.-.-
Frequency:
Analyses:
disposed
wells.
of
at
this
site
may be affecting
whether
solvents
are present
to threatened
potable
wells.
nearby
and have moved
each well.
_ Test wells
3 months.
quarterly.
Analyze
for
with static
datum.
are to be sampled
twice,
separated
by 2 or
Well Nos. RR-45 and RR-97 are to be sampled
volatile
organic
compounds
and oil
and dynamic
water levels
referenced
4-21
and grease
to msl
Site
No.
69:
Rifle
Range
Chemical
Dump
Problem:
Hazardous
wastes of various
types were buried
here over a
period
of years and may migrate
to surface
water or groundwater.
Goal:
Determine
whether
surface
water
in
health.
Approach:
Remove old monitoring
wells,
plug holes,
and put in
properly
installed
wells.
Because of multidirectional
drainage,
use a two-phase
approach
to help place
final
wells.
j
.-.-7
.
11
-
.s
I
3
wastes
sufficient
are
migrating
quantities
to groundwater
to cause risk
or
to
Surround
site
with simple
observation
wells
(i.e.,
hand-augered,
PVC> located
about
100 feet outside
site
boundary.
Use 12 wells
about 250 feet apart.
Collect
soil
strata
data when installing
bores.
Soil data will
be used
to estimate
hydraulic
conductivities
and potential
groundwater
movement
patterns.
Collect
specific
conductivity
and
pH
data
to
provide
general
indicators
of
contaminant
plume location.
Obtain
static
water levels
referenced
to common datum to define
potentiometric
gradient.
Use hydraulic
conductivity,
gradient,
and
quality
data to locate
areas (directions)
of highest
potential
contaminant
movement.
Based on this
initial
evaluation
of three
samplings
(at
4 month intervals
during
1 year),
install
approximately
monitoring
wells
to rigorously
define
contaminant
migration,
if any.
Document
background
from
nearby
surface
seeps.
I
_.1
-I
..
-I
wells.
Sample
some
Wells:
Install
twelve
initial
observation
wells
down to 2 feet
into
water table,
three
in Everett
Creek basin,
three
in
basin
to southeast
plus six in basin
to north,
and six
formal
monitoring
wells.
Samples:
Sample
each
well
Frequency:
Sample
both
wells
Analyses:
Analyze
for GWCI,
(including
DDT-R),
chlorine,
mercury.
to common datum.
and three
and seeps
seeps
every
n.orthward.
4 months.
oil
and grease,
organochlorine
PCBs, TCE, pentachlorophenol,
Water levels
are to be taken
-.1
--,I
off-site
4-22
six
pesticides
residual
referenced
Site
No.
73:
Courthouse
Bay Liquids
Disposal
Area
Problem:
Used vehicle
battery
acid
this
site
and may migrate
water well.
Goal:
Determine
presence
in groundwater
and
Evaluate
potential
future
structures
from acidic
waste.
Approach:
Sample
closest
Wells:
Use existing
hand-augered
three
wells
shoreline.
Install
four simple,
Well Building
A-5.
one well up gradient
of disposal
wells:
down gradient
near the Courthouse
Bay
Samples:
Sample
each
well.
Frequency:
Sample
twice,
Analyses:
Test for
phenolics,
and motor oil
to Courthouse
and levels
of metals,
determine
if migration
for corrosion
damage
(including
underground
groundwater
between
potable
well.
separated
antimony,
specific
site
were disposed
of at
Bay or a potable
phenolics
and oil
has occurred.
to present
or
pipes and cables)
and Courthouse
by 3 months.
chromium,
lead,
zinc,
oil
conductance,
and PH.
4-23
Bay and at
and grease,
area,
Site
--
No.
74:
Mess Hall
Grease
Pit
Area
Problem:
Disposal
of drummed wastes including
pesticides
and PCBs
and possibly
other wastes may contaminate
groundwater
near
potable
water well (Pump House No. 654).
Goal:
Determine
whether
and if migration
Approach:
Install
three monitoring
wells
between
burial
area and existing
well.
Install
between pest control
area and existing
potable
well and verify
screened
depth.
j
----I
grease
pit/drum
one monitoring
well.
Sample
Wells:
Install
lower
Samples:
Sample
all
Frequency:
Sample
twice,
Analyze
(GWCI)
for RCRA groundwater
contamination
and organochlorine
pesticides,
to
Analyses:
i
-
4 wells
portions
groundwater
contamination
has occurred
of contaminants
toward well has occurred.
five
and screen to sample both
of the unconfined
aquifer.
the
upper
well
and
wells.
separated
4-24
by 2-3 months.
indicators
include
PCBs.
Site
No.
75:
MCAS Basketball
Court
Site
Problem:
Disposal
of drums,
possibly
containing
training
agents
dissolved
in solvents,
may contaminate
groundwater
in the
vicinity
of the site.
Three potable
water wells
(Pump
House Nos. S-TC-1251,
106, and 203) and/or
a pond
containing
water treatment
plant
filter
backwash water may
be affected.
Coal:
Determine
specific
location
of buried
drums and whether
groundwater
is contaminated
and if contamination
has
migrated
toward wells
or pond.
Approach:
Survey site using
geophysical
techniques
to identify
specific
location
of drums.
Install
monitoring
wells
surrounding
drums,
approximately
100-200
feet from drum
locations
to identify
plume movement
and quantify
contaminant
concentrations.
Sample backwash pond and
existing
wells.
Wells:
Install
4 monitoring
wells
Sample
each'well
Frequency:
Sample
twice,
Analyses:
Analyze
(CWCI)
for RCRA groundwater
and benzene.
Samples:*
-
in
and backwash
separated
4-25
by at
shallow
aquifer.
pond.
least
3 months.
contamination
indicators
Site
---I
i
I. .
!
No.
76:
MCAS Curtis
Road
Site
Problem:
Buried
drums,
possibly
containing
training
contaminate
groundwater
in the vicinity
of
water wells
(Pump House Nos. 106 and 203).
Goal:
Determine
specific
location
groundwater
is contaminated
wells
has occurred.
Approach:
Survey site
using geophysical
techniques
to identify
specific
location
of drums.
Install
monitoring
wells
surrounding
drums,
approximately
100-200
feet from drum
locations
to identify
plume movement
and quantify
contaminant
concentrations.
Sample existing
wells.
Wells:
Install
Samples:
Sample
each
Frequency:
Sample
twice,
Analyses-
- Analyze
(GWCI)
3 monitoring
wells
agents,
may
two potable
of buried
drums and if
and whether
migration
toward
in
shallow
aquifer.
well.
separated
by at
for RCRA groundwater
and benzene.
least
3 months.
contamination
indicators
4- 26
-.--_-
~- .._ ..--
_I__--.-..
.-
-.-------
SECTION
..-.,
5.
BACKGROUND
5.1
GENERAL.
Marine
Corps Base (MCB) Camp Lejeune
is on the
coastal
plain
in Onslow County,
North Carolina.
The facility
covers
approximately
170 square miles
and is bisected
by the New River,
which
flows in a generally
southeasterly
direction.
This system forms a large
estuary
before
entering
the Atlantic
Ocean.
Eleven
miles
of Atlantic
shoreline
form the eastern
boundary
of
Camp Lejeune.
The western
and northeastern
boundaries
are U.S. 17 and
State Road 24, respectively.
Jacksonville,
North
Carolina,
acts as the
nqrthern
boundary.
The complex
has a roughly
triangular
outline.
Development
at the Camp Lejeune
complex
is primarily
in five
geographical
locations
under the jurisdiction
of the Base Command.
They
include
Camp Geiger,
Montford
Point,
Mainside,
Courthouse
Bay, and the
Rifle
Range area.
Marine
Corps Air Station
(MCAS) New River,
a helicopter
base, is a separate
command on the west side of the New River.
There are also two Outlying
Landing
Fields
(OLFs) under control
of MCAS
New River.
These are Helicopter
Outlying
Landing
Field
(HOLF) Oak Grove,
approximately-25
miles
to the north,
and OLF Camp Davis,
10 miles
to the
southwest
(NAVFACENGCOM, 1975).
station.
Presently,
North
of the base, 2,672 acres have been used
In the past,
training
for fixed-wing
aircraft
only helicopter
training
occurs here.
for the air
was carried
out.
North
of Camp Lejeune
is HOLF Oak Grove.
The field
is no
longer
active
and is under caretaker
status.
The property
has some
camping
facilities
and occasionally
is used for recreation
by scouting
Infrequent
use is also made for ground
troop
exercises
and
groups.
._ helicopter
landings.
HOLF Oak Grove is on 976 acres in eastern
Jones
County.
Within
15 miles
of Camp Lejeune
are three
large,
publicly
owned
tracts
of land--Croatan
National
Forest,
Hofmann Forest,
and Camp Davis
Forest.
Because
of the low elevations
in the coastal
plain,
wetlands
form significant
acreage.
These areas,
to some extent,
have been
exploited
by agricultural
and silvicultural
interests.
There
is a
growing
concern
on a state
and national
level
that
these ecosystems,
unique
to the coastal
plain,
require
a protected
status
to survive.
crops
..
.-I
..f
remaining
For the most part,
are soybeans,
small
grains,
and
Productive
estuaries
along
Increased
and shellfish
industries.
enlarged
resort
residential
areas.
regional
economy.
5-l
land use is
tobacco.
agricultural.
Typical
the coast support
commercial
finfish
leisure
time has boosted
tourism
and
This,
in turn,
has stimulated
the
According
to the most recent
master
plan (NAVFACENGCOM, 19751,
there
are two major
corridors
of developable
land in the area.
These
extend
south from New Bern along U.S. 17 and U.S. 58, and from Swansboro
northwest
to Jacksonville
and Richlands
along Routes 24 and 258.
The
principal
economic
base is MCB Camp Lejeune
and associated
military
activities.
More than 46,000 military
personnel
are stationed
at the
base, and more than 110,000
people
are either
employed
or are eligible
for support
(NAVFACENGCOM, 1975).
5.2
HISTORY.
Site
selection
Amphibious
Training
Base" was made
camp began in 1941 after
extensive
honor of Lieutenant
General
John A.
for "The World's
Most Complete
in the 1940s.
Construction
of the
land acquisition
and was named in
Lejeune,
USMC (Odell,
1970).
During
construction,
9 million
board feet of timber
were
harvested
from the reservation.
In 1944, a sawmill
with a daily
capacity
of 10,000 board feet was being
operated
by base maintenance
personnel.
The sawmill
closed
in 1954, when lumber
needs were filled
by contract.
Construction
of the base started
on Hadnot Point,
where the
major
functions
were centered.
As the facility
grew and developed,
Hadnot Point
became crowded with maintenance
and industrial
activities.
The problem
led to the creation
of a master
plan that addressed
these
other
present
and potential
problems.
and
During
World War II,
Camp Lejeune
was used as a training
area
to prepare
Marines
for combat.
This has been a continuing
function
of
the facility
during
the Korean
and Vietnam
conflicts.
Toward the end of
World War II,
the camp was designated
as a home base for the Second
Marine
Division.
Since
that time,
Fleet
Marine
Force (FMF) units
also
have been stationed
here as tenant
commands.
By 1945, construction
in the Montford
Point,
Camp Geiger,
and
Courthouse
Bay areas was complete.
Montford
Point,
originally
designated
for training
of troops,
now is used for Marine
Corps Service
Support
Schools.
In the 194Os, recent
recruits
from Parris
Island
received
tactical
training
at Camp Geiger.
This practice
has been discontinued,
however.
Courthouse
Bay hosts amphibious
training,
while Paradise
Point
is still
the site
of housing
commissioned
personnel.
Noncommissioned
housing
is provided
in Tarawa Terrace
I and II,
Midway Park,
and other
designated
areas.
personnel
hospital
and their
obsolete,
Boulevard
that
time,
The U.S. Naval Hospital
opened in 1943 and has served military
during
World War II and the Korean War.
In addition,
the
provides
medical
services
for all
assigned
military
personnel
dependents.
It once operated
as a 500-bed
unit,
but has become
and a new medical
center
is under construction
along Brewster
(NAVFACENGCOM, 1975).
MCAS New River
it was called
was set
Peterfield
up as a separate
command in 1951.
Point,
but the name was changed
5-2
At
to
River
in 1968.
In 1942, three
new runways were added and the station
came under the jurisdiction
of MCAS Cherry Point.
During
this
time,
a
PBJ squadron
was
based here and the facility
was also used for glider
training
(NAVFACENGCOM,1975).
During
the Korean War, it was used as a
helicopter
training
base and for touch-and-go
training
for jet fighters
(Natural
Resource
Management
Plan,
1975).
New
--. -,
In 1968, Marine
Corps Outlying
Landing
Field
(MCOLF) Oak Grove
was placed
under the jurisdiction
of
MCAS New River.
The field
was used
as a helicopter
base and renamed HOLF Oak Grove.
During
World War II,
the field
was under the command of MCAS Cherry Point.
At the end of that
war, all
structures
were destroyed
with the exception
of the runways.
5.3.
PHYSICAL FEATURES.
The North
Carolina
coastal
plain
area in which
5.3.1’
Climatology.
MCB Camp Lejeune
is located
is influenced
by mild
winters.
Summers are
humid with typically
elevated
temperatures.
Rainfall
usually
averages
more than 50 inches
per year.
Potential
evapotranspiration
in the region
varies
from 34 to 36 inches
of rainfall
equivalent
per year (Narkunas,
Winter
and summer are the usual wet seasons.
Temperature
ranges
1980).
are reported
to be 33°F to 53°F during
January
and 71°F to 88°F in July
(Odell,
1970).
j
-1
Winds during
the warm seasons are generally
south-southwesterly
while
north-northwest
winds predominate
in winter.
There is a relatively
A summary of regional
climatic
long growing
season of 230 days.
conditions
is shown in Figure
5-l.
5-.3 .2
Topography
and Surface
Drainage.
The generally
flat
topography
of the Camp Lejeune
complex
is typical
of the seaward portions
of the
Elevations
on the base vary from sea level
North
Carolina
coastal
plain.
the elevation
of most of Camp Lejeune
is
to 72 feet above msl; however,
between 20 and 40 feet above msl.
The coast is guarded
by a 200- to
Elevations
of the dune field
on
500-foot-wide
barrier
island
complex.
Drainage
at Camp
the barrier
islands
range from 10 to 40 feet above msl.
Lejeune
is predominately
toward the New River,
although
areas near the
coast drain
directly
toward
the Atlantic
Ocean through
the Intracoastal
natural
drainage
has been changed by
Waterway.
In developed
areas,
and
extensive
concrete
and asphalt
areas.
drainage
ditches,
storm sewers,
Drainage
sub-basins
for Hadnot
Point
area and MCAS New River
are shown in
Most sites
evaluated
in this
study
Figures
5-2 and 5-3, respectively.
are in these two areas.
interstream
Drainage
Approximately
70 percent
of Camp Lejeune
is in the broad,
flat
areas (Atlantic
Division,
Bureau of Yards and Docks,
1965).
here is poor,
and the soils
are often
wet.
Flooding
loo-year
floodplain.
limits
of loo-year
the upper reaches
is
a potential
problem
for base areas within
the
Tne U.S. Army Corps of Engineers
has mapped the
floodplain
at Camp Lejeune
at 7.0 feet above msl in
of the New River
(Natural
Resource
Management
Plan,
.A
J
5-3
TYPICAL
WIND
PATTERN
*
-
% OF WIND COMING FROM
INDICATED DIRECTION
STS OVER
LMS
AVERAGE
J
F
M
A
MONTHLY
M
AVERAGE
J
TEMPERATURE
J
MONTHLY
FIGURE
14 MPH
NDS3TOl4MPH
3MPH
OR LESS
A
S
0
N
D
RAINFALL
5-1
Regional Climatic Conditions in the Vicinity
of MCB Camp Lejeune
w_’
I
SOURCE:
Consulting
5-4
Environmental
NAVFACENGCOM,
En&eers
1975
and Scientists
I
k
SH STRt
NEW
RIVER
HADNOT
FIGURE
y$.#
’
-/
A-i;
I~r~sc~:~rd~.
Surface Water
Drainage
Sub-Basins
POINT
AREA
5-2
at Haclnot
Point,
MCB
Camp Lejeune
SOURCE:
III<*.
-ConsuItIng
Environmenlol
NAVFACENGCOM,
Engineers
1975
and
Sclenll!
NEW
RIVER.
MAIN
STATION,
ENTRANCE
t
AIR
t
0
SCALE
IN FEET
&-J
Surface
Water
STATION
Drainage
AREA
Sub-Basin
FIGURE
5-3
at MCAS New
River,
MCB
Camp
Lejeune
SOURCE:
Consulllng
Environmental
Enolneers
WAR,
a
1082
tentis
1975).
is 11.0
-7
!
The elevation
of the lOO-year
floodplain
feet above msl on the open coast.
increases
downstream
and
5.3.3
The geology
of the Atlantic
Coastal
Plain
physioGeology.
graphic
province
is typically
a seaward-thickening
wedge of sediments
(Figures
5-4 and 5-5) on a basement
complex
of igneous
and metamorphic
rock similar
to that at the surface
in the Piedmont
physiographic
province.
Sediments
of the coastal
plain
vary in age from Cretaceous
to
Recent and consist
of layers
of sand, silt,
clay,
marl,
limestone,
and
dolostone.
A mantle
of Pleistocene
and Recent
sands and clays commonly
covers
the older
sediments
of the area.
Beneath
this mantle
is a belted
subcrop
pattern
with Cretaceous
sediments
nearest
the surface
in the west
and progressively
younger
sediments
nearest
land surface
toward the coast
(Figure
5-6).
.!
I
I
Although
the sedimentary
sequence
is approximately
1,400 to
only the uppermost
300 feet
1,700 feet thick
beneath
MCB Camp Lejeune,
are pertinent
to the purpose
of this
report
because these strata
contain
the important
water-bearing
rocks at MCB Camp Lejeune.
a
The Eocene Castle
Hayne Limestone
consists
of shell
limestone,
marl,
calcareous
sand, and clay.
In Onslow County,
the Castle
Hayne
varies
in thickness
from approximately
100 feet to more than 200 feet.
Rocks of Oligocene
age unconformably
overlie
the Castle
Hayne.
These
sediments
consist
of fossiliferous
limestone,
calcareous
sand, and clay
and are equivalent
to the Trent
Formation
according
to recent
correlation
charts
(Baum --et al.,
1979).
In the subsurface
of Onslow County,
rocks of
Oligocene
age vary from approximately
40 feet to more than 200 feet thick
(Brown --et al.,
1972).
The Yorktown
Formation
band east and south of Jacksonville.
sand, clay,
marl,
and limestone.
considered
Late Miocene,
but the
1979) date it in the Pliocene.
overlies
the Oligocene
and outcrops
in
This unit
consists
of lenses
of
The Yorktown
Formation
has long been
latest
correlation
charts
(Baum --et al.,
Pleistocene
and Recent
sands and clays mantle
the older
stratigraphic
units
in most of the study area and form the most seaward
These sediments
were deposited
in Pleistocene
and
band of sediments.
when the retreat
of continental
glaciers
raised
sea leveis.
Recent
time,
5.3.4
Hydrology.
The dominant
surface
water
5.3.4.1
Surface
Water.
Lejeune
is the New River.
It receives
drainage
from
with a course of approximately
The New River
is short,
Over most
central
coastal
plain
of North Carolina.
New River
is confined
to a relatively
narrow channel
South of Jacksonville,
limestones.
Eocene and Oligocene
dramatically
as it flows across
less resistant
sands,
5-7
feature
at MCB Camp
most of the base.
50 miles
on the
of its course,
the
entrenched
in the
the river
widens
clays,
and marls
a
, CAMP LEJEUNE
))--
-.
\
+100
0
PLIOCENE
MIOCENE
500
\
1000
\
1500
\
\
\
\
w-m---
VIRGINIA
NORTH
--w-----CAROLINA
\
\
3500
\
4000
CRETACEOUS
CAMP LEJEUNE
JURASSIC
LOCATION
1500
-
J
MAP
FIGURE 5-4
Geologic Cross Section From Wayne County,
5000
N.C. to Carteret County,
SOURCE:
Consulting
5-8
Environment01
N.C.
BROWN,
ET AL..
Engineersand
1972
Scientists
CAMP
86.3
MILES
I
,
I
LEJEUNE
.
PLElSTOCENE
+100
0
-7i
100
200
._
300
i
:
1
400
500
f
. .f
-----e-------------
- 1100
VIRGINIA
NORTH
CAROLINA
75
- 1200
- 1300
- 1400
- 1500
- 1600
L 1700
,l,.
7
-I
LOCATION
MAP
Cross Section
From
L
FIGURE
Geologic
Cumberland
5-5
County,
N.C. to Onslow
County,
SOURCE:
Consulting
5-9
Envlronmentol
N.C.
BROWN,
Engineers
ET AL..
and
1972
Scientis
LEGEND
PLEISTOCENE,
PLIOCENE,
RECENT
YORKTOWN
OLIGOCENE,
EOCENE,
m
TRENT
CASTLE
FORMATION
HAYNE
PEEDEE
PLElSTOCENE
SCARP
AFTER
AND
FORMATION
CRETACEOUS
SOURCE:
FIGURE
SANDS
BURNETTE.
LIMESTONE
FORMATION
I
,I
1977
5-6
7
Ii
New River Area Geology
Consulting
s- 10
Environmental
Engineers
and
5c%ntist
f
(Burnette,
1977).
At MCB Camp Lejeune,
the New River
flows in a
southerly
direction
and empties
into the Atlantic
Ocean through
the New
River
Inlet.
Several
small
coastal
creeks drain
the area of MCB Camp
Lejeune
that
is not drained
by the New River
and its tributaries.
These
creeks
flow into
the Intracoastal
Waterway,
which is connected
to the
Atlantic
Ocean by Bear Inlet,
Brown's
Inlet,
and the New River
Inlet.
Wilder
(1978) state
the standard
streamflow
measurements
--et al.
employed
by the U.S. Geological
Survey are not applicable
in lowgradient,
tidal
conditions.
This is probably
why streamflow
in the New
River
below
Jacksonville
has not been determined.
The tides
at New River
Inlet
have a normal
range of 3.0 feet and a spring
range of 3.6 feet
(U-S.
Department
of Commerce,
1979).
The tidal
range diminishes
upstream
to 'hpproximately
1 foot at Jacksonville
(Howard,
1982).
The flood
tidal
prism.entering
the New River
Inlet
in one tidal
cycle was determined
to
be approximately
2.35 x lo5 ft3 (Burnette,
1977).
.’
The average
annual
runoff
of the MCB Camp Lejeune
been determined;
however,
Craven and Carteret
Counties,
to
have an average
annual
runoff
of approximately
18 inches.
water
contribution
to runoff
in the same area northeast
of
Lejeune
is eseimated
as 65 percent
of total
runoff
(Wilder
1
*
The water in the New River
at MCB Camp Lejeune
is brackish,
Salinity
is largely
a function
of distance
frcnn the
shallow,
and warm.
ocean and rainfall..
At Jacksonville,
the New River
may reach salinities
of 10 parts
per thousand
(ppt> during
extended
periods
of low rainfall.
near the New River Inlet,
salinity
in the river
is usually
However,
equivalent
to that of sea water (35 ppt).
Salinities
near the inlet
become significantly
lower only during
heavy rains
(Burnette,
1977).
---7
.
I
f
t
*i
-?
.A
E
, ]
”I
area has not
the northeast,
The groundMCB Camp
1978).
--et al.,
_
Water quality
criteria
for surface
waters
in North Carolina
have been published
under Title
15 of the North
Carolina
Administrative
Code.
The New River
at MCB Camp Lejeune
falls
into
two classifications
(Figure
5-7).
Classification
SC applies
to three
areas of the New River
The best usage of Class SC waters
is "fishing,
at MCB Camp Lejeune.
secondary
recreation,
and any other
usage except
primary
recreation
or
shellfishing
for market
purposes."
The rest of the New River
at MCB Camp
Lejeune
is Class SA, the highest
estuarine
classification.
The best
for market
purposes
and any
usage of Class SA waters
is "shellfishing
other
usage specified
by the SB or SC classification."
The uppermost
300 feet of sediments
5.3.4.2
Groundwater.
Brackish
Lejeune
is the source of fresh water for the base.
usually
found deeper than 300 feet below msl (Shiver,
1982).
the aquifer
system consists
of a water table
aquifer
and one
semi-confined
aquifers.
Confining
beds lie between the two
systems
and between the layers
of the semi-confined
aquifers.
in the local
hydrogeology
result
from the complex
depositional
the area.
-I
5-11
at MCB Camp
water is
In general,
or more
aquifer
Variations
history
of
8C.l v
W‘Ir
LEGEND
SC
ESTUARINE
WATERS NOT SUITED
BODY CONTACT SPORTS OR
COMMERCIAL
SHELLFISHING
SA
FOR
FIGURE
Water
Quality
Classifications
NORTH
River
CAROLINA
at MCB
Camp
DEPARTMENT
Consulting
r
FOR
5-7
for the New
SOURCE:
ESTUARINE
WATERS SUITED
COMMERCIAL
SHELLFISHING
.A
Lejeune
OF NATURAL
Environmental
RESOURCES;
Engineers
and
1977
ki0ntiS’
7
i
extends
consists
sediments
i
-7
The uppermost
hydrogeologic
unit,
the water table
aquifer,
from land surface
to the first
confining
bed.
This aquifer
of sand, silt,
limestone,
and small
amounts
of clay.
These
are usually
Pliocene
and younger.
The water table
aquifer
is recharged
when rainfall
seeps into
the ground and percolates
into
the zone of saturation.
Depth to the zone
of saturation
is 10 feet or less at MCB Camp Lejeune
(Atlantic
Division,
Bureau of Yards and Docks,
19651.
Groundwater
in the water table
aquifer
generally
flows from upland
areas toward stream valleys
where it discharges
to surface
water.
In interstream
areas,
some groundwater
will
flow from the water table
aquifer
to the first
semiconfined
aquifer
as
recharge,
given
favorable
hydraulic
gradient
and geology.
Recharge
of
the semiconfined
aquifer
may be expressed
using Darcy's
Law (Freeze
and
Cherry,
1979) as:
Q=
hl-hZ
m
kA
where:
Q =
hl =
12 =
m =
k=
A=
Quantity
Hydraulic
Hydraulic
Thickness
Hydraulic
Area for
z-
.
!
1
-1
t
J
and
From this,
it may be seen that groundwater
will
flow from the
upper aquifer
to the lower aquifer
only if the hydraulic
head in the
water
table
aquifer
is greater
than the hydraulic
head in the
Pemiconfined
aquifer.
The thickness
and lower hydraulic
conductivity
of
the confining
bed retard
the flow of water between. the two aquifers.
i
- .z
--A
of recharge
per unit
time,
head in the water table
aquifer,
head in the semiconfined
aquifer,
of the confining
bed,
conductivity
of the confining
bed,
which recharge
is calculated.
The semiconfined
aquifer
is composed of limestone
and calcarous
sands of the Eocene Castle
Hayne Limestone,
the Oligocene
Trent
Formaand in some places,
sand and limestone
of the Pliocene
Yorktown
tion,
Regional
groundwater
flow in the semiconfined
aquifer
is
Formation.
The regional
flow is altered
locally
by pumping
toward the southeast.
wells
that penetrate
this
aquifer.
Narkunas
(1980)
reported
that transmissivity
of the limestone
aquifer
in the central
coastal
plain
of North Carolina
varied
from
Storage
varied
from
2.6 x lOa
6,100 feet2/day
to 12,100 feet2/day.
to 7.4 x 10-5.
Specific
capacity
of wells
at MCB Camp Lejeune
was
reported
as 5 to 10 gallons
per minute
per foot of drawdown (gpm/ft)
in
1960 (LeGrand,
1960).
Recent
data indicate
that
the specific
capacity
of
the wells
tapping
the semiconfined
aquifer
at MCB Camp Lejeune
varies
from less than 3 gpm/ft
to approximately
20 gpm/ft.
The confining
units,
where present,
consist
of clay,
sandy
These
units
occur
silty
clay,
and
occasionally
dense
limestone.
clay,
A comparison
of
discontinuous
lenses and may be present
at any depth.
the logs for Well Nos. HP-613.and
HP-616
(Appendix
C> shows a reduction
...-l
-I
5-13
as
in the thickness
of the confining
bed from 27 feet to 6 feet in less than
2,000 feet.
Many of the well logs for the base indicate
that the conWells
in these areas withdraw
at
fining
units
are either
thin
or absent.
least
some water
from the water table
aquifer.
.
5.3.4.3
Migration
Potential.
Pollutant
migration
potential
is a
function
of both water movement
potential
and chemical
and/or
physical
interactions
of specific
contaminants
with specific
environments.
Regarding
the latter,
various
contaminants
can move greater
or lesser
distances
depending
upon such factors
as:
chemical
reactions
between
contaminants
and soils
or strata;
physical
trapping
of contaminants
in
strata
voids;
stratification
caused by differences
between contaminant
densities
and surface
water or groundwater
densities;
and, solubility
characteristics
of specific
contaminants
among other
factors.
Because these
factors
are site-specific,
they cannot
detail
in this
background
section.
However, general
possible
water movement
and its effect
on contaminant
discussed.
be discussed
in
characteristics
transport
are
of
There
are three
potent ial migration
pathways at MCB Camp Lejeune.
In
first
case_, contaminants
may be carried
off-base
by surface
water
The other
two pathways
drainage
to the New River
and its tributaries.
are in groundwater.
Contaminants
entering
the water table
aquifer
then migrate
to surface
water,
or they may migrate
down into
the
semiconfined
aquifer.
the
may
.
Surface
water drainage
is most rapid
in the developed
areas of
the base where natural
drainage
has been modifed
by ditches,
storm
sewers,
and extensive
areas of asphalt
and concrete.
Contaminants
are
most likely
to be transported
directly
to surf&e
drainage
during
periods
of heavy rainfall.
At other
times,
transport
is likely
to be to and
through
groundwater,
except
in areas adjacent
to surface
streams.
The water
table
aquifer
is highly
susceptible
to contamination
because
it is composed predominantly
of'permeable
materials
at the earth
surf ace.
If a site
is near a surface
water feature,
contaminants
in the
water table
aquifer
can be expected
to move horizontally
and toward the
zone of discharge
at the groundwater/surface
water interface.
In the interstream
areas (i.e.,
relatively
distant
from surface
drainage),
the horizontal
component
of flow will
still
tend to follow
the
topography,
but under some circumstances
a vertical
flow may develop
from
the water table
aquifer
to the semiconfined
limestone
aquifer.
These
conditions
depend on: (1) a hydraulic
gradient
from the water table
aquifer
toward the semiconfined
aquifer,
and (2) on the thickness
and
These factors
are not well
hydraulic
conductivity
of confining
units.
known at MCB Camp Lejeune.
What is known is that conditions
vary with
locations.
unlikely.
hydrogeology
In some areas,
contamination
For example,
at Georgetown,
tends to prevent
migration
5-14
of lower aquifers
is very
near the Camp Geiger
area,
the
of water from the water table
aquifer
to the deeper aquifer
(Division
of Environmental
Management,
1979).
This is because the confining
zone is approximately
50 feet thick
and the hydraulic
gradient
is from the limestone
aquifer
toward the water
table
aquifer.
These same conditions
may be present
in parts,
but not
all,
of MCB Camp Lejeune.
Variability
of the confining
units
decreases
assurance
of
protection
of the semiconfined
limestone
aquifer.
Furthermore,
although
the hydraulic
gradient
between the water table
and semiconfined
aquifers
is unknown at MCB Camp Lejeune,
large-scale
withdrawals
of groundwater
necessary
to supply
the base with water may have produced
an overall
decline
of pressure
in the semiconfined
aquifer.
This would tend to
increase
the potential
for contaminant
movement
to the deeper
aquifer.
Another
possible
factor
Camp'Lejeune
is the condition
of
properly
sealed when abandoned,
Conversations
with personnel
at
plant
have indicated
that there
are closure
details
available.
affecting
groundwater
quality
at MC3
abandoned
wells.
If a well is not
it may become a pathway for contaminants.
base maintenance
and the water
treatment
is no inventory
of abandoned
wells
nor
5.4
-BIOLOGICAL
FEATURES.
The three
forest
areas surrounding
Camp
Lejeune--Croatan,
Hofmann,
and Camp Davis-- provide
extensive
wildlife
habitat.
Animal
life
includes
deer, black
bear,
turkey,
squirrel,
quail,
rabbits,
raccoons,
muskrat,
mink,
and otter.
The creeks,
bays,
swamps,
marshes,
and pocosins
provide
habitat
for many types of birds,
including
egrets,
fly catchers,
woodpeckers,
hawks, woodcocks,
owls,
bsld eagles,
peregrine
falcons,
and osprey.
Reptiles
include
alligators,
turtles,
and
snakes.
Several
species
of the latter
group are venemous.
Freshwater
fish
in the streams
and lakes
of the forests
include
largemouth
bass,
redbreast
sunfish,
bluegill,
chain pickerel,
warmouth,
yellow
perch,
and
catfish.
Trees
found in the forests
include
loblolly,
pond, longleaf,
and shortleaf
pines;
sweet gum, tupelo
gum, yellow-poplar,
oak, red
maple,
sweet bay, and loblolly
bay.
In the pocosin
wetlands,
there
is
Several
generally
a shrub understory
of evergreen
and deciduous
species.
unusual
plant
species
also can be found,
including
pitcher
plants,
sundews, and Venus flytraps
(Richardson,
1981; Yong, 1982; Wilson,
1982).
The Camp Lejeune
complex
is predominantly
tree covered,
with
large
amounts
of softwood
(shortleaf,
longleaf,
pond, and primarily
Timberloblolly
pines)
and substantial
stands
of hardwood
species.
producing
areas are under even-aged
management
with the exception
of
These areas are managed to
those along major
streams'
and in swamps.
Smaller
areas are
provide
both wildlife
habitat
and erosion
control.
managed
for the benefit
of endangered
or threatened
wildlife
species
such
as the red-cockaded
woodpecker.
Of Camp Lejeune's
112,000
acres,
more than 60,000
are under
forestry
management.
At the forests'
borders
are several
species
of
Acidic
soils
host carnivorous
plants,
includshrubs,
vines,
and herbs.
Forest
management
ing pitcher
plants,
sundews, and Venus flytraps.
5-15
provides
wood production,
increased
wildlife
populations,
enhancement
natural
beauty,
soil
protection,
prevention
of stream
pollution,
and
protection
of endangered
wildlife
species
(Natural
Resource
Management
Plan,
1975).
of
Wildlife
management
at Camp Lejeune
is based on guidelines
in
the United
States
Forest
Service
Wildlife
Management
Handbook.
Upland
game species
(including
deer,
black
bear, gray squirrel,
fox squirrel,
quail,
turkey,
and waterfowl)
are abundant
and are considered
in the
wildlife
management
program.
There is an attempt
to coordinate
forest
and wildlife
management.
Wildlife
management
is accomplished
in part by
providing
a variety
of habitats,
including
forests,
perennial
grass
clearings,
small-game
strips,
wildlife
food plots,
planted
forest
access
roads,
and plantings
of shrub and fruit
trees which produce
edible
seeds
and fruits.
Figure
5-8 presents
the locations
of wildlife
food plots,
fish
ponds, wildlife
openings,
and small-game
plots
within
the 14 wildlife
units
of the complex
(Natural
Resource
Management
Plan,
1975;
NAVFACENGCOM, 1975).
terrestrial
5.4.1
habitat
Ecosystems
discussed
in this
report
will
be broken
into
(or upland),
wetland,
and aquatic
communities.
*
Terrestrial
Ecosystems.
Camp Lejeune
contains
four upland
These are:
types (Natural
Resource
Management
Plan,
1975).
1.
2.
3.
4.
_
Longleaf
pine,
Loblolly
pine,
Loblolly
pine/hardwood,
Oak/hickory.
and
5.4.1.1
Longleaf
Pine.
Longleaf
is the principal
pine species
and
occurs on higher
upland
sites.
Turkey,
blackjack,
post,
and willow
oaks,
along with red bay, holly,
and black
gum, are the associated
species.
Gallberry,
yaupon,
low-bush
huckleberry,
titi,
and chinquapin
are also
common in the understory.
Herbaceous
species
include
teaberry,
ferns,
and sawgrass.
Quail
and fox squirrel
are common in this
habitat
and wild
turkey
find this
forest
type quite
conducive
for nesting
and brooding
range.
5.4.1.2
Loblolly
Pine.
Loblolly
pine is the main timber
stand of the
area and many now grow on old farm homesteads.
Persimmon,
black
cherry,
red cedar,
holly,
dogwood,
and scrub oak are common, while huckleberry,
chinquapin,
gallberry,
beauty-berry,
and wax myrtle
make up the
understory.
Weeds and herbaceous
plants
include
pokeweed,
ragweed,
smartweed,
beggarweed,
and partridge
pea.
Deer, turkey,
gray squirrel,
and quail
are common in this
forest
type,
especially
if clearings
are
provided
or prescribed
burning
is done to improve
food and cover for the
above species.
5.4.1.3
Loblolly
Pine/Hardwood.
This mixed forest
occurs above the
Sweet gum,
hardwoods
and just
below the pure stands
of loblolly
pine.
black
cherry,
red cedar,
holly,
sweet bay, and dogwood trees
are common,
_ while
high bush huckleberry,
gallberry,
and wax myrtle
comprise
the
5-16
LEGEND
0
A
.
WILDLIFE
FISH
FOOD
PLOTS
PONDS
WILDLIFE
SMALL
OPENINGS
GAME
PLOTS
WILDLIFE
UNIT
NUMBER
WILDLIFE
UNIT
BOUNDAllIES
- l ;/ .T
VICINITY
MAP
k4
Wildlife
SOURCE:
NATURAI.
l7ESOUnCE
MANAGEMENT
FlGl
Units at MC6 Camp Lejeune
PLAN
CAMP
Consultlng
LEJEUNE.
Envlronmental
NORTH
CAROLINA,
Engineers
and
1975
Sclentlst
understory.
Weeds and herbaceous
plants
include
panic
grass,
broomsedge,
pokeweed,
partridge
pea, and beggarweed.
Gray squirrel,
deer,
and other
small
mammals are common here.
The habitat
is also conducive
to wild
turkey.
Oak/Hickory.
5.4.1.4
This association
is frequently
found along
streams
and creeks
below the loblolly/hardwood
stands
and above the bottomland
hardwoods.
White oak and southern
red oak are the principal
species.
Black,
post,
chestnut,
scrub oak; yellow
poplar,
sweet gum,
and dogwood also are common.
black
gum, persimmon,
black
cherry,
maple,
Blueberry,
chinquapin,
and beauty-berry
make up the understory.
Herbaceous
plants
include
ferns,
teaberry,
paspalums,
and sedges.
Wildlife
frequently
observed
in this habitat
include
gray squirrel,
wild
and wood duck.
turkey,
deer,
Black bears are also found here.
Wetland
Ecosystems.
5.4.2
Wetlands
found in the coastal
plain
vary
from those bordering
freshwater
streams
and ponds to salt marshes
along
coastal
estuaries.
The most unusual
wetland
system is the pocosin,
which
has been referred
to as a shrub bog by Christensen
(1979).
The term
pocosin
originates
from an Algonquin
Indian
name meaning
"swamp on a
Pocosins
initially
develop
as wetlands
formed in basins
or dehill."
pressions.
The wetlands
expand beyond the physical
boundaries
of the
depression
as the peat retains
water.
Eventually,
the wetland
expands
above the groundwater,
with peat acting
as a reservoir,
holding
water by
capillarity
above the level
of the main groundwater
mass (Moore
and
Bellamy,
1974).
According
to Richardson
(19811,
these evergreen
shrub bogs
comprise
more than 50 percent
of North Carolina's
freshwater
wetlands.
Typically,
these systems
cover thousands
of acres,
are isolated
from
and periodically
are subject
to fire.
Much of the
other water bodies,
pocosin
habitat
in North
Carolina
is gradually
being
lost
to timber
cutting
or drainage
with subsequent
agricultural
development.
In 1962,
for example,
pocosins
covered
more than 2.2 million
acres,
but by 1979,
only 695,000
acres remained
undisturbed.
Destruction
of pocosins
has
resulted
in changes of hydrologic
regime,
and nutrient
export
to other
aquatic
systems (Richardson,
1981).
A shrub understory
with scattered
emergent
trees
The most common species
is pond pine.
pocosin
vegetation.
include
Atlantic
white
cedar,
loblolly
and longleaf
pine,
sweet bay, and loblolly
bay (Christensen
et
al.,
1981.)
--
dominates
Other species
red maple,
The characteristics
of pocosin
fauna are less well understood
than those of the plant
community.
Wilbur
(1981) notes
that
pocosins
serve wildlife
species
two ways:
They are habitat
for endemic
species,
but also are refuge
for those species
which once ranged widely,
but now
are confined
because
of habitat
destruction.
Endemics
include
two
the
pine barrens
treefrog
and the spotted
turtle.
Various
vertebrates,
small
mammals and reptiles
also are endemic
to the pocosins.
Such
species
as white-tailed
deer and black
bear also find refuge
in the
pocosins.
5-18
1
.J
into
five
Wetland
habitat
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
ecosystems
on the Camp Lejeune
complex
can be separated
types (Natural
Resource
Management
Plan,
1975).
Pond pine or pocosin,
Sweet gum/water
oak/cypress
and tupelo,
Sweet bay/swamp
black
gum and red maple,
Tidal
marshes,
and
Coastal
beaches.
5.4.2.1
Pond Pine.
This habitat'
(commonly
known as pocosin
or upland
swamp) is dominated
by pond pine with Atlantic
white cedar,
loblolly
and
longleaf
pine,
red maple,
sweet bay, and loblolly
bay also present
as
stated
above.
Understory
plant
species
include
greenbriar,
cyrilla,
fetter
bush, and sheep laurel.
Associated
marsh and aquatic
plants
include
mosses,
ferns,
pitcher
plants,
sundews, and Venus flytraps.
Animals
which can be frequently
observed
here include
deer and black
Pocosins
provide
excellent
escape cover for bear because pocosins
bear.
are seldom disturbed
by humans.
The presence
of pocosin-type
habitat
at
Camp Lejeune
is primarily
responsible
for the continued
existence
of
black
bear in the area.
Many of the pocosins
on the base are overgrown
with brush and pine species
that would be unprofitable
to harvest.
Sweet Gum/Water
Oak/Cypress
and Tupelo.
This habitat
is found
in the 'rich,
moist
bottomlands
along streams
and rivers
and extends
to
the marine
shoreline.
Cypress
dominate
if water is present
most of the
year,
while
gums dominate
if water availability
is seasonal.
Maple,
black
gum, hawthorn,
sweet bay, red bay, and elm along with hornbeam,
holly,
and mulberry
are also frequently
present.
Huckleberry,
grape,
and
palmetto
make up the understory.
Deer, bear,
turkey,
and waterfowl
(including
woodcocks)
are commonly
found in this
type of habitat.
5.4.2.2
Sweet Bay/Swamp
Black Gum and Red Maple.
As the name implies,
sweet bay or swamp black
gum and red maple are the dominant
tree species
in this
floodplain
habitat.
Swamp tupelo,
ash, and elm are also present.
Greenbrier,
rattan-vine,
grape,
and rose make up the understory.
Fauna
frequently
found in this
area include
waterfowl,
mink,
otter,
raccoon,
deer,
bear,
and gray squirrel.
5.4.2.3
5.4.2.4
Tidal
Marshes.
on MCB Camp Lejeune
is
areas relatively
free
tion
consists
of marsh
saltgrass,
cordgrass,
provides
wildlife
with
alligators,
raccoons,
habitat
type.
The tidal
marsh at the mouth of the New River
one of the few remaining
North
Carolina
coastal
from filling
or other man-made
changes.
Vegetaand aquatic
plants
such as algae,
cattails,
This habitat
generously
bulrush,
and spikerush.
food and cover.
Migratory
waterfowl,
shorebirds,
and river
otter
are frequently
seen within
this
5.4.2.5
Coastal
Beaches.
Coastal
beaches along
the Intracoastal
Waterway and along
the Outer Banks of MCB Camp Lejeune
are used for
recreation
and to house a small
military
command unit
on the beach.
The
Marines
also conduct
beach assault
training
maneuvers
from company-size
and Marine
Air Wing units.
units
to combined
2nd Division,
Force Troops,
5-19
1
i
These exercises
involve
the use of heavy equipment
including
Amphibious
Training
regulations
presently
restrict
where heavy
Tractors
(AMTRACs).
tracked
vehicles
are permitted
to cross the dunes.
These,restrictions
are intended
to protect
the ecologically
sensitive
coastal
barrier
dunes.
The vegetation
along the beaches
includes
trees (live
oak and red cedar),
woody plants
(greenbrier,
yaupon,
holly,
wax myrtle,
and palmetto),
and
weeds and herbs (sea oats,
beachgrass,
butterfly
pen, Virginia
creeper,
swamp mallow,
and passion
flower).
Although
in comparison
to other
types
the coastal
beaches are generally
low in value
to most game species,
they
serve as buffers
to the mainland
and provide
habitat
for many shorebirds.
5.4.3
Aquatic
Ecosystems.
Aquatic
ecosystems
on MCB Camp Lejeune
consist
of small
lakes,
the New River
estuary,
numerous
tributary
creeks,
and part of the Intracoastal
Waterway.
A wide variety
of freshwater
and
saltwater
fish species
live
here.
A number of freshwater
ponds are under
management
to produce
optimum
yields
and ensure continued
harvest
of
desirable
fish species
(Natural
Resource
Management
Plan,
1975).
Principal
freshwater
game. fish
species
in the ponds, creeks,
and the New River
include
largemouth
bass, bluegill,
redear
sunfish,
warmouth,
pumpkinseed,
yellow
perch,
redfin
pickerel,
jack pickerel,
and
channel
catfcsh.
The New River
estuary
is used extensively
for shellfishing,
especially
in the bays and protected
areas of the river
such as
Stone Bay, Traps Bay, and Ellis
Cove.
.
The Intracoastal
Waterway
cuts the southeast
edge of MCB Camp
Lejeune.
As it passes between the mainland
and the barrier
islands,
the
waterway
carries
a heavy flow of private
pleasure
boats during
the sunrmer
A variety
of saltand a steady
flow of commercial
barges year-round.
water
fish
is found in the Intracoastal
Waterway and in the Atlantic
Ocean adjacent
to the base.
These include
flounder,
weakfish,
bluefish,
croaker,
whiting,
drum, mackeral,
tarpon,
marlin,
and sailfish.
spot,
Shellfish,
represented
by oysters,
scallops,
and clams,
are also abundant
(Natural
Resource
Management
Plan,
1975; NAVFACENGCOM, 1975).
This part of the North
Carolina
coast
flyway
and many species
of migrating
birds
pass
habitats
are used by migrating
birds,
and local
also employ the marsh areas as a nursery.
is within
the Atlantic
through
the region.
species
of shorebirds
'1cr
I
i
,
I
Area
The long-range
management
plan for MCB Camp Lejeune
calls
for
recreational
improvements
and increased
access along the New River
and
Intracoastal
Waterway for the wildlife
observer
and photographer
as well
as the game hunter
and fisherman
(NAVFACENGCON, 1975).
fisheries
laboratory.
Research
Institute
of Natural
Regionally,
the area is important
because of the marine
resource.
At nearby Beaufort,
Duke University
has a marine
The National
Marine
Fisheries
Service
Center
for Menhaden
is also near Beaufort.
The University
of North Carolina
of Marine
Sciences
and the State
of North Carolina
Department
Resources
Division
of Marine
Fisheries
are in Morehead
City.
I
5-20
5.4.4
Rare, Threatened,
or Endangered
Species.
The flora
of North
Carolina
consists
of approximately
3,400 taxa of vascular
plants.
The
vertebrate
fauna of over 865 species
and subspecies
includes
200 freshwater
fish,
78 amphibians,
79 reptiles,
225 breeding
and
175 winter
and transient
birds,
80 nonmarine
mammals,
and 28 pelagic
or
offshore
mammals
(Cooper,
1977).
Of these organisms,
26 have been designated as endangered
or threatened
by the State
of North
Carolina
and
25 are listed
by the federal
government
as endangered
or threatened
for
North
Carolina
(Table
5-1).
The North
Carolina
Department
of
agriculture
is currently
(1982)
reviewing
additional
plants
for inclusion
on the state
endangered
and threatened
plant
list.
Table 5-2 presents
14 additional
proposed
taxa and taxa under review which are known to
occur in Carteret,
Craven,
Jones,
or Onslow Counties.
The presence
of
North
Carolina's
sensitive
species
on the Camp Lejeune
complex
is
described
in Table
5-3.
I
/-.?
i
-.
i
--j
i
7-T
The Natural
Resources
and Environmental
kffairs
(NREA) Division
of MCB Camp Lejeune,
the U.S. Fish and Wildlife
Service,
and the North
Carolina
Wildlife
Resource
Commission
have entered
into an agreement
for
the protection
of endangered
and threatened
species
that might
inhabit
MCB Camp Lejeune.
Habitats
are maintained
at MCB Camp Lejeune
for the
preservatbn
Z-td protection
of rare and endangered
species
through
the
Full
protection
is
base's
forest
and wildlife
management
programs.
provided
to such species
and critical
habitat
is designated
in management
plans
to prevent
or mitigate
adverse
effects
of station
activities.
^' ‘I
i
i
i
*
.1
?
I
!
1
. . .P
..
As part of the rare and endangered
species
management
program,
special
emphasis
is placed
on habitat
and sightings
of alligators,
bald eagles,
cougars,
dusky seaside
sparrows,
and red-cockaded
osprey,
woodpeckers.
The red-cockaded
woodpecker
is present
in pine forests
on
This small woodpecker
subsists
MCB Camp Lejeune
as noted
in Table
5-3.
on insects
and is important
in controlling
insect
pests which attack
pine
trees.
Nesting
cavities
used by these birds
are usually
in ovennature
pine trees with red-heart
disease.
In some colonies,
all
the cavity
trees
are within
300 feet of each other,
but in other colonies,
they may
be 0.5 mile
apart
(Hooper -7
et al.,
1980).
Numerous
red-cockaded
woodpecker
colonies
on Camp Lejeune
have been mapped and marked
(Natural
Resource
Management
Plan,
1975).
These areas are shown in Figure
5-9.
Table 51.
State and Federal Stalxzs of Sensitive
Spsciss for North Carolina
North
Sciertific
Naw
CamonNsue
Felis carolor
cougar
Trichechls manatus
Myotis grisescers
Myd.s sodalis
Eubalaena glacialis
Balaenoptera physalus
Megaptera novaeangliae
Balaenoptera borealis
CXOlingt
Federal7
Eastern cougar
Floridausanatee
Gray bat
Indianabst
Atlantic right whale
Finbackwhale
Iiumpbackw'ndle
Seiwhale
BIRDS
psegrinus qiatun
Falco peregr&us tundrirs
Baliaeetus
leucooephalus
Vermivoraba&nanii
Dersdroica kirtlarriii
Pelecanus occidsmalis
carolinensis
Picoides borealis
Falco
Auk&can peregrine falcon
Artic peregrine falcon
Baldeagle
Badxnan'swarbler
Kirtlard's
warbler
Eastemkownpelican
Red-cockaded wocdpxker
FISH
AcipenserbreKrctstnsn
nybopsis lI.macha
Shortnose sturgeon
Spotfin chb
E
T
E
T
REPTILES
Alligator
tnississippiensis
Chelonia q&6
Eretmxhelys
inixicata
Lepickxhelys kempii
Dmmchelys
coriacea
Caretta caretta
fynerican alligator
Greenturtle
Hawksbill turtle
Kemp's ridley turtle
Leatherback turtle
Loggerhed turtle
Mesadon clarki
Noonday land snail
T
T
Bunched arrtieed
tibain
golden heather
E
T
E
namahala
PLANIS
~Sagittsria
fasciculata
l-iudsonia ITKrrana
E=Endangered
Sources:
ardT=Threatened:
* Parker, W. and L. Dixon, 19ab.
t U.S. Fish and Wildlife
Service,
1980.
5-22
/
T~able 5-2.
Prqxxed Protected
OILS
low Caut i es
Plant
List
for North
Carolink
Listing Only Those Taxa Kno~i to Occur in Carteret,
IGlOWIl
Scielt ific
Name
Gxrn>n Nane
Craven, Jong,
or
I
Coutt iest
[email protected]
Proposed
Status
Proposed Taxa
Arenaria gpdfreyi
Godfrey’s satdwort
Craven, Jones,
Wocdlarrl seqage slopes of marl substrates
E
AspleniLon hetcroresiliens
Carolina spleenwort km
Jones
Shad& marl outrrcps
E
CalarmilFa
Riverbank sarrlrefd
Carteret,
onslow
Carex chap14 i
Chipnan’s sdge
Craen
Dry, samly woods and r&sides
T
Cystopteris
Tennesseebladder fern
Craven, Jones
Marl outcrops
E
Lysimnachiaasperulaefolia
Rough-leaf loosestri fe
Carteret, Craven,
Jones, Unslow
Savannahs, pow ins, lowbay, upland begs,
atd msic enviroments.
Acidic soils.
E
Myriophyllun
1~0.~ watetmilfoil
Carteret,
Craven
Lime sinks, pals,
T
Sarracenia rubra
Mountain sweet pitcher-plant
Carteret,
OrEllow
Craven,
Shrub begs ard savannzils in tin ccestal
pla in
SC-E
Sol [email protected] vema
SpringElo+xzring
Craven, Onslow
Savant&s, pocosins, pine barrew , pine
flatwoods, atd shrub begs
E
Utricularia
Dwarf bladderwort
Carteret
Shallow, xid
T
Aeschynanene virginice
Sensit ive joint-vetch
Craven
Riverbanks, swzm~ps,ard tidal marshes in
tk coastal plain
I
Dionaea nuscipula
Verus Flytrap
Carteret, Craven
Jonas, Qmlow
Wet, sardy di t&es, poccsins, savanrlam,
ad open bog margin
PP
Gerfziana auhrrmalis
Pine barren gertian
Crawn, Onslow
Rxositw,
PP
Pamassia caroliniana
Carolina parnassia
ols low
Savant&s
brevipilis
tennesseersis
laxun
olivacea
golcknral
Craven
lmg-leaf
pine forests,
begs, arrl savant&s
atxl.pord.9
pmis with pH of 3 to 5
T
Taxa Under Review
E = Endangered, T = ‘Ihreatend,
SC-E = Special Concern--Endagered, I = Indetenninate,
savannaiis, and pine barren3
ard PP = Primary Proposed Species,
Sources: * North Carolina Departrirnt of Agriculture,
1981a, 1981b.
t RadFoord,Ahles, ard Bell, 1968; Justice arrl Bell, 1968; Beal, 1977; ald Wilson, 1982.
*M Radford, Ahles, and Bell, 1968; COolxx, 1977.
PP
Table
5-3.
on Sensitive
Species
Regarding
Area (Camp Lejeune
Complex)
Comments
Study
Species
Occurrence
Within
Comment
I
MAMMALS
Eastern
cougar
Florida
manatee
Gray bat
Indiana
bat
Atlantic
right
Finback
whale
Humpback whale
Sei whale
whale
Possible
transient
but not seen since
1974
Study area is northern
extreme
of summer
range
Not in area
Not in area
Possible
migrant
offshore
Possible
migrant
offshore
Possible
migrant
offshore
Possible
migrant
offshore
BIRDS
American
peregrine
falcon
Arctic
peregrine
falcon
Bald eaglg
Bachman's
warbler
Kirtland's
warbler
Eastern
brown pelican
Red-cockaded
woodpecker
Possible
but not common
Possible
Not reported
or seen
Possible
migrant
but not observed
Possible
migrant
but not reported
Reported
in area
Frequent
in area with known nesting
areas
FISH
Shortnose
sturgeon
Spotfin
chub
Not
Not
observed
in area
recently
REPTILES
American
alligator
Green turtle
Hawksbill
turtle
Kemp's
ridley
turtle
Leatherback
turtle
Loggerhead
turtle
Routinely
observed
Known nesting
sites
along
Possible.migrant
offshore
Possible
migrant
offshore
Possible
migrant
offshore
Known nesting
sites
along
coast
coast
MOLLUSKS
Noonday
snail
Not
in area
arrowhead
golden
heather
Not
Not
in area
in area
land
PLANTS
Bunched
Mountain
Sources:
Peterson,
1982.
Cooper,
1977.
Parker
and Dixon,
1980.
Ti
5-24
1
--.-.
I
FIGURE
Red-Cockaded
Woodpecker
Colony
5-9
Areas at MCB Camp Lejeune
.
SOURCE:
vater
and
Qm&lng
Air Research,lnC.
5-25
Qwimrmental
PETERSON,
En~lneers
and
1982
Scientls
SECTION
6.1
operations
Emphasis
inventory
Information
6.
ACTIVITY
FINDINGS
INTRODUCTION.
Section
6 summarizes
base activities
and
which may involve
potential
environmental
contamination.
is placed
on past practices.
At the end of the section
is an
of all waste disposal
sites
which includes
site
descriptions.
is more detailed
for sites
requiring
confirmation.
Throughout
the activities
and operations
is referred
to specific
sites
for more information.
site
descriptions
at the end of this
section
should
summaries,
the reader
In these instances,
be consulted.
6.2
OPERATIONS,
ORDNANCE.. Because ordnance
operations
at Marine
Corps Base (MCB) Camp Lejeune
are carefully
controlled,
there
is little
public
health
or environmental
concern
about past disposal
practices.
For <hat reason,
only an overview
of this
function
is presented.
Camp
Lejeune
was established
as a training
center
before
World War II and has
retained
this
characteristic
feature.
Numerous
activities,
from infantry
and tank training
to amphibious
operations,
require
substantial
amounts
of ordnance
each year.
No manufacturing
or load and pack operations
occur on the base.
All ordnance
is shipped
in and stored
on the
facility.
Types of ordnance
range from small
arms ammunition
to rockets,
Principal
magazine
storage
is in the
artillery
and mortar
rounds.
Frenchs
Creek area, while
smaller
storage
areas exist
in other
designated
places-on
the base.
No reports
of spills
or accidents
were discovered
during
this
study.
There is evide'nce
that,
on a nonroutine,
irregular
basis,
some
ordnance
was buried
at the Camp Geiger
landfill
near the trailer
park
(Site
No. 41).
Reports
indicate
that some mortar
shells
were placed
in
dumpsters
and ultimately
taken
to the landfill.
A case of grenades
was
A 105mm cannon
once found at that site and subsequently
buried
there.
shell
apparently
blew up while
being buried
there.
This suggests
that
care be taken when drilling
or boring
at Site No. 41.
Because of the training
mission,
a substantial
amount of land
has been designated
as firing
ranges and impact
areas.
There are three
called
G-10, N-2, and K-2,
for high
explosives.
Locations
impact
zones,
of these zones are as follows:
1.
2.
3.
G-10 Impact
Area--PWDM
1, D5-6.
N-2 Impact
Area--Extends
east from' the junction
of
Gridline
94 and Onslow Beach along
the beach line
to Bear
and then along Bear Creek to a point
400 yards
Creek Inlet,
and thence on a line
north
of the Intracoastal
Waterway,
400 yards north
of a parallel
to the Intracoastal
Waterway
Ordnance
from aircraft
will
impact
on
to Gridline
94.
Brown's
Island.
K-2 Impact
Area--PWDM
1, D3/E3.
The New River
bisects
G-10 and K-2 into east and west
borders
the Atlantic.
MCB Camp Lejeune
and splits
sections.
N-2 is southeast
6-l
impact
zones
of G-10 and
A bombing
range known as BT-3 has been established
at Brown's
Island.
This property
is 7 miles
southwest
of Swansboro,
North Carolina.
The island,
referred
to as the Brown's
Island
Target
Complex,
is used by
aircraft
for target
runs with ordnance
not to exceed an equivalent
net
explosive
weight
of 250 pounds TNT.
The target
complex
also receives
high trajectory
artillery
rounds.
There are two Explosive
Ordnance Disposal
(ECD) areas on the
base near the impact
zones.
They are G-4 for the east and K-326 for the
west side of the camp.
They are used to dispose
of inert,
unserviceable,
or dud ordnance.
Ordnance
is routinely
collected
by skilled
EOD
personnel
and disposed
of by burning
or electrically
exploding.
There is
no significant
chemical
waste generated
by this
activity.
At times,
residual
propellant
or incompletely
burned munition
compounds
may remain,
but amounts
are typically
less than 1 pound.
6.3
OPERATIONS,
NONORDNANCE.
6.3.1
Most waste material
is generated
by
Introduction
and Summary.
the support
and maintenance
functions
of the base.
Decentralization
of
utilities
and other
essential
services
is necessitated
by the 170-squaremile
land_ area.
For instance,
vehicle
maintenance
functions
are carried
out at several
places.
Past generation
of hazardous
waste is primarily
a
result.
of maintenance-type
activities.
Only light
industrial
activity
has taken place.
In a facility
the size of HCB Camp Lejeune,
hazardous
waste may
be generated
at many places.
For instance,
the 1979 Facility
Development
Map set indicates
the following
numbers of facilities:
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
Vehicle
maintenance
(except
ramps and racks)--45
to
50 buildings,
Vehicle/aircraft
racks/ramps--85
to 90 buildings,
Other maintenance--lo
to 15 buildings,
Fuel related
operations-approximately
50 buildings,
Maintenance
shops-- approximately
20 buildings,
and
Other shops-- approximately
10 buildings.
The actual
number of shops is probably
within
buildings
are not distinguished
greater
since individual
in these numbers.
shops
Because this
investigation
is conducted
within
finite
military
resources,
priorities
must be established.
Priority
criteria
include
types of substances
potentially,
involved,
intensity
or size of activity
or organization,
and level
of information
available.
More information
provided
in this
report
on these activities
assigned
higher
priorities.
is
Another
important
factor
relating
to information
reported
in
this
section
is on-site
judgment.
Observed
circumstances
and information
gathered
during
interviews
indicate
minimal
contamination
potential
at
many shops and activities.
In these instances,
priority
was given to
identifying
and gathering
information
regarding
other
disposal
sites,
rather
than gathering
detailed
information
on activity,
history,
and
productivity
at what appeared
to be lower priority
activities.
I
/
--J
6-2
i
I
-.
1
I
6.3.2
Marine
Air Groups.
Marine
Air Groups
(MAGI 26 and 29 presently
operate
at Marine
Corps Air Station
(MCAS) New River.
MAG-26 consists
of
the headquarters
unit
plus aircraft
squadrons.
Hazardous
wastes are
generated
as a result
of aircraft
maintenance.
These wastes include
used
Petroleum,
Oil,
Lubricant
(POL), Methyl
Ethyl
Ketone
(MEK), and PD-680.
In the past,
MAG-26 wastes included
petroleum
naptha,
aircraft
surface
cleaning
compound,
toluene,
methyl
ketone,
paint
r'emover,
ammonium
hydroxide,
sulfuric
acid,
trichloroethane,
corrosion
control
agents,
and
waste POL.
MAG-29 consists
of a headquarters
unit
plus aircraft
squadrons.
Hazardous
wastes are generated
as a result
of aircraft
maintenance.
Present
wastes include
waste POL (650 gal/ma>,
paint,
solvents
(10 gal/ma
of-PD-680,
Freon,
and MEK), nitric
acid,
and epoxy paint
stripper
Past wastes were reported
to include
strippers
and
(30 gal/ma).
ammonia-based
paint
stripper.
““9
i
!
!
4
-3
+i
2
-- 5
‘-.
3
i
,:
Present
activities
and information
indicates
types of waste
disposed
of in the past.
A review of building
construction
has been used
to infer
history
and location
of waste generation
from aircraft
maintenance
activities.
Of existing
structures,
Building
AS 840 (built
in 1952) is ghe initial
aircraft
maintenance
hanger.
Square footage
availablg
for the aircraft
maintenance
area increased
tenfold
when Hangar
AS 504. was added 2 years later.
The addition
of Building
AS 515 in 1963
resulted
in a two-thirds
increase
in capacity.
In the late
196Os,
Hangars
AS 518, 4106, and 4108 were completed,
doubling
the size again.
Finally,
in 1975, Hangar 4100 was added,
which increased
capacity
about
10 percent.
Increases
in quantities
of waste products
are expected
to
parallel
facility
growth.
Wastes (except
POL) generated
on MCAS New River
are presently
collected
and prepared
for transfer
to DPDO for accounting.
Waste POL is
collected
by the Heavy Equipment
Unit
at Building
45.
In the past,
liquid
wastes were disposed
of in sewers and sprayed
on dirt
roads for
dust control.
Nonliquids
were at first
taken to the Camp Geiger
Sewage
Plant
(ST?) Dump (Site
No. 361, later
Treatment
to the Camp Geiger
Trailer
Park Dump (Site
No. 411, and most recently
to the current
Base
Sanitary
Landfill
(Site
No. 29).
6.3.3
several
..‘\;.1,
Activities
groups which
of 2nd Marine
are discussed
Division.
in the
The division
is
following
sections.
composed
of
This group is located
at the
6.3.3.1
Assault
Amphibious
Battalion.
boat basin
on Courthouse
Bay.
Amphibious
vessels
are parked
and maintained
in Buildings
A-l and A-2.
The battalion
trains
on Courthouse
Bay,
Waste POL is generated
other
outer
waters,
and in wooded lands nearby.
Waste POL from
during
routine,
nonroutine,
and working
maintenance.
routine
maintenance
is estimated
to be 5,000 to 15,000
gallons
per year
based on the following:
1.
2.
3.
47 vehicles
4 companies,
17 gallons
per
of
company,
crankcase
6-3
oil
per
change,
4.
21 gallons
of transmission
oil per change,
1 change per gear,
and
The assumption
that vehicle
numbers and characteristics
constant
throughout
the history
of the area.
5.
6.
Oils
are taken
remoteness
of this
area
oil was disposed
of in
revealed
no indications
stantial
quantities
of
are
to the main base. for recycling
disposal.
The
indicates
that in the 1940s through
1960s much
nearby wooded areas.
Inspection
of nearby
areas
of significant
contamination.
However,
subwaste oil have been spread over the area (Site
No. 73).
._
POL to work
likely
that
Vehicle
area
this
maintenance
can be expected
to release
small
amounts
drains.
Before
oil-water
separators
were used, it is
POL went to receiving
waters.
(r
of
Waste battery
acid also was generated.
Between the early
1950s
and late
197Os, battery
liquids
were poured onto the ground nearby
(Site
Over the years
this
is estimated
to have totaled
10,000
to
No. 73).
20,000
gallons
of acidic
liquid
containing
lead and antimony.
-
6.3.3.2
+ Reconnaissance
Battalion.
This battalion
has been headquartered
at Onslow Beach since
1953.
No prior
similar
nearby
activity
is indicated
on older
development
maps.
Building
BA-130 is used for
vehicle
maintenance
which involves
trucks
and other
light
vehicles.
Inspection
of the site
revealed
no significant
waste disposal
locations.
due to the remoteness
of this activity,
it is reasonable
to
However,
No data regarding
numbers
assume that some nearby
disposal
took place.
of vehicles
maintained
have been collected.
However,
the size of the
parking
area suggests
tens (not hundreds)
of vehicles.
Therefore,
waste
POL amounts
can be expected
to be less than 200 gallons
per year or
4,000-5,000
gallons
over 20 to 25 years.
6.3.3.3
Tank Battalion.
Tanks have been parked
and maintained
in the
Gun Park and 1800 areas of MCB Camp Lejeune.
Both zones are along the
Main Service
Road near Cogdels
Creek.
Earliest
tank activity
was near
Then, until
the early
MCAS New River
in the 1940s and early
1950s.
196Os, tanks were parked
and maintained
in the Gun Park area until
they
were moved to the "1800"
area where they remained
until
the early
198Os,
These areas are unpaved
when they were returned
to the Gun Park area.
Buildings
and grease racks involved
in
and cover 30 to 50 acres each.
maintenance
of tanks
and smaller
vehicles
at the Gun Park area include
Buildings
GP-7, GP-8,
739, and 816, which were built
in the mid-1940s.
used at the "1800"
area include
1832, 1841, and 1842 which were
Building
1832 and-nearby
structures
have
constructed
in the early
1950s.
been removed and new tank park facilities
have been constructed.
Many of the lots drain
to nearby
No signs of significant
contamination
Creek.
However,
POL and battery
or parking
areas.
(See Site
No. 74).
6-4
ditches
which flow to Cogdels
were observed
at buildings
fluids
disposal
has occurred
Old 10th Regiment.
6.3.3.4
This
group
occupied
the "1800"
area when
only buildings
with 500 designations
were standing.
Artillery
was parked
adjacent
to the buildings.
Maintenance
activities
took place in and
around-Buildings
571, 574, 576, 598, and 599.
No information
was
obtained
regarding
wastes
generated
by this
regiment.
The area is now
occupied
by the 2nd Combat Engineers
Battalion.
2nd Combat Engineers
Battalion.
6.3.3.5
This battalion
is presently
in
the "1800"
area.
Ro$ine
maintenance
of small
combat vehicles
takes
place
in Buildings
5y,
576, and 5.98.
No significant
areas of
contamination
were observed.
t
!
6.3.3.6
2nd, 6th, 2nd 10th Regiments.
These regiments
use several
sections
of the suppSy and industrial
area.
Buildings
1205, 1206, 1310,
1405, 1406, 1502, 1503, 1601, 1604, 1605, 1607, 1711, 1739, 1750, 1755,
1760*, 1775, and 1780 are used for maintenance
of small
combat vehicles.
Except
for the 1700 area,
many of these buildings
were constructed
in the
early
1940s and early
1950s.
The area is urban with most surfaces
paved.
Spills
and other
disposal
activities
may have occurred.
However,
no
indications
of significant
contamination
were found.
6.3.3.7
8th Marine
Regiment.
This regiment
occupies
a portion
of Camp
&Combat vehicles
are maintained
at Building
TC-952.
Geiger.
Large paved
parking
areas slope eastward
to a tributary
of Brinson
Creek.
This-small
creek has received
runoff
POL from the lots.
There was evidence
of
dumping
near the creek but no significant
contamination
was observed.
Fire Fighting
Activities.
there
are two fire
6.3.4
Presently,
fighting
training
burn pits
at MCB Camp Lejeune.
One site used by the
+MCB Camp Lejeune
Fire Department
is located
south of Rearhead
Creek and
between Holcomb
Boulevard
and Piney
Green Road (see Site No. 9).
The
other
is located
near the end of Runway 5 at MCAS New River
(see Site
No. 54) and has been used for crash crew training.
Both pits
were
initially
unlined.
The fire
department
pit was first
used in 1961 using watercontaminated
JP-4 and JP-5.
The fuel sat on top of a water layer
in the
bottom
of the pit.
The water layer was not treated
after
the training
exercises
were completed.
This pit was lined
in the late
1960s.
From
1965 to 1971, approx$nately
30,000
gal/yr
was burned at this
pit.
The
current
use is now about 5,000 gal/yr.
t
The Crash !rew Training
Area at MCAS New River was'used
in the
mid-1950s.
Originally,
training
was on the ground and surrounded
by a
MCAS New River
berm.
Later,
a pit Gas used which was lined
in 1975.
drainage
ditches
were reported
to carry
"Protien"
fire
fighting
foam
The affected
toward Southwest
Creek during
or after
practice
exercises.
Based on a present
annual
usage
of 15,000 galarea is about
1.5 acres.
lons of POL, approximately
0.5 million
gallons
of these compounds have
Most of these were burned,
but as many as
been used at this
site.
3,000 to 4,000 gallons
may have soaked into
the soil.
6-5
6.3.5
Naval Field
Research
Laboratory.
From 1947 to 1976, the Naval
Research
Laboratory
was located
in the area of the present
Pest Control
Shop (Building
PT-37,
see Site Nos. 19 and 20).
Activities
at the
laboratory
included
using
radionuclides
(Iodine
131) for metabolic
studies
on small
animals.
These actions
are not believed
to have
produced
any lasting
hazardous
waste contamination
(see Section
6.4).
6.3.6
Creosote
Plant.
During
1951 and 1952, a saw mill
and creosote
plant
(Building
776; Site No. 3) manufactured
railroad
ties.
This
activity
was located
about 800 fee.t east of Building
613 (pump house and
Well No. 13), on the opposite
side of Holcomb
Boulevard
and the railroad
tracks.
Logs were cut into ties
which were then placed
in a chamber and
pressure-treated
with hot creosote.
Creosote
was used directly
from a
railroad
tank car.
Creosote
remaining
in the pressure
chamber at the end
of the treatment
cycle was saved for later
use.
There were no reports
of
any treosote
waste generation.
Oil-burning
boilers
provided
steam to
heat the creosote.
The ties were used to build
a railroad
from Camp Lejeune
to
Cherry Point,
North
Carolina.
Upon completion
of the railroad,
the mill
and plant
were sold and removed
from Camp Lejeune.
All that
remained
at
the time&of
this
IAS site
visit
were concrete
pads and the boiler
chimney.
An inspection
of the area did not reveal
any indication
of
creosote
or other
wastes of concern.
6.3.7
Utility
Operations.
Utility
operations
have influenced
environmental
issues
at the base.
Power, steam,
and water are discussed
below.
Waste disposal
is discussed
in Section
6.5
Power for the base is supplied
by Carolina
Power and Light
Company with all
lines
above ground.
Maintenance
of the system is performed by the company,
although
transformer
leakage
within
the systems is
a concern
of base environmental
affairs
personnel
because of potential
PC8 contamination.
Transformer
storage
is temporary
and is now carried
out with proper
environmental
controls.
Presently,
transformers
are
stored
in Storage
Lot 140, between Ash'Street
and Sneads Ferry Road on
Center Road Extension.
It is currently
designated
as a hazardous
waste
storage
area.
Historically,
transformers
were stored
at Storage
Lots 201
and 203.
One incident
of leaky
55-gallon
drums of transformer
oil near
Building
1502 was reported.
The problem
was dealt
with by disposing
of
the drums at Site No. 74 and the area near Building
1502 is believed
to
be cleaned
up.
(Refer
to description
of Site Nos. 6, 21, and 74 for
additional
information.)
The steam plant
at Hadnot
Point
can produce
480,000
pounds of
steam per hour and supplies
the French Creek area as well as mainside.
Steam is used for heating
and cleaning
of equipment.
Substantial
amounts
of coal are stored
near this
facility.
The area is identified
as Site
No. 26.
This is a currently
operating
site and NACIP confirmation
is not
required.
However,
berms to prevent
coal pile
runoff
were not noted and
some alterations
to runoff
control
may be warranted.
The current
master
plan indicates
that
increased
demand will
be placed
on the system in the
6-6
1
-7 I
.t
” -1
1
-t
.,...
1
!
C-3
i; ,-
--..,i
future.
As many as 45,000
tons of coal
been disposed
of on base for many years.
additional
waste disposal
information.)
are used
(Refer
per year.
Fly ash has
to Site No. 24 for
Groundwater
is the potable
supply.
This
a potential
source of contamination,
but rather
as.
Strategically
located
wells
provide
water to eight
within
the military
complex.
Generally,
wells
are
penetrate
at least
one impervious
layer.
The Hadnot
French Creek,
Tarawa Terrace,
andBerkeley
Manor.
tanks
with a total
capacity
of 1.4 million
gallons.
characteristics
of the water treatment
plants.
is significant,
not as
a potential
receptor.
treatment
plants
deep enough to
Point
plant
serves
Storage
is in elevated
Table
6-1 presents
The drinking
water system at the Rifle
Range area has been a
..A
concern
because of elevated
trihalomethane
(THM) levels
and proximity
of
wells
to the chemical
landfill
(Site
No. 69).
This concern
for impacts
despite
the fact that THM levels
at other
places
of Site No. 69 exists
are also somewhat high.
For example,
note Samples
14, 15, and 16 in
Table
6-3.
Test wells
have been placed
around
the landfill
to monitor
groundwater
characteristics.
Table 6-2 shows THM-levels
in treated
water
at the Rifle
Range.
Strategies
to reduce THM levels
such as changes in
chlorina_tion-procedures
are being
evaluated
now (1982).
Source of THM
precursors
is not known, but groundwater
monitoring
related
to the
chemical
landfill
is continuing.
THM levels
at 41 locations
at Camp
Lejeune
are shown in Table 6-3.
Three one-time
samples
(see Samples 14,
15, and 16) contained
total
THM at or greater
than the 100 ppb EPA
(annual
average)
drinking
water limit.
THM precursors
obviously
exist
at
various
locations.
However,
sources
of precursors
may or may not be
related
to past hazardous
material
disposal.
In fact,
origins
of
.precursors
may not be related
to any human activity
(e.g.,
detrital
matter
or algae).
Radar Eouipment
Operations.
At MCAS New River,
metallic
6.3.8
mercury
was drained
from delay
lines
at the radar site
and buried
containment.
The radar
units
were located
near the Photo Lab,
Building
804 (Site
No. 48).
This took place
from the mid-1950s'to
mid-1960s
at a rate of about
1 gallon
per year.
without
the
Pest Control
Shop.
The control
of nuisance
organisms
at Camp
Lejeune
has been the mission
of an activity
called,
at various
times,
Malaria
Control,
Insect
Vector
Control,
and Pest Control
Shop.
Building
712 (Site
No. 2) housed
this
activity
from 1945 to 1958.
Insecticides
and herbicides
were stored
and mixed at this
site
until
the
activity
moved to Building
1105.
At Building
1105, the administrative
and storage
functions
were accomplished
while
the mixing
of chemicals
was
In 1977,
performed
in the southeast
portion
of Lot 140 (Site
No. 21).
this
shop moved to Building
PT-37 where it presently
is located.
6.3.9
‘I.
.,
%
-- 7
I
.&.3
I’! :*
f
.A
herbicides
Equipment
wastewater
For a listing
of the names and quantities
of insecticides
used by this
activity,
see Site Nos. 2 and 21 in Section
washing
without
containment
and treatment
of the resulting
was common practice
at both Building
712 and Storage
Lot
6-7
and
6.7.
140.
Table 61.
WaterTreabexz
Water Treabnst
H&not
Plant
Point
at KBCmpLejeune
Building
HI+20
Holcanb Bmlevard‘k
f
670
n-38
I
4c
Capacity
Appra+ailyFlow
Treaalent
5nlgd
3.1 mgd
IiIu?
2*
1.5' to 2 ugd
1 xd
lmpd
LiIre
LiIu?
SLinE
TarawaTerracet
Air Station
As-110
3.5 ngd
CaqJohynt
I+168
0.75 rngd
ln;ga
0.25 mgd
Rifle
RIt85
0.6 xgd
0.25 mgd
Zeolite
CcurtbuseBa)l"
BB-190
0.6 mgd
0.5 mgd
Zeolite
0nslowBe;rh
BA-13s
0.25 ugd
0.15 to 0.2 rsgd
Zeolite
Range
* Tkre are pIa& &expsrd
tk Holccmb Boulevard plant's
t Scheduled for elimination.
* Scheduled ‘for expmsion to 1 ugd capacity.
Source:
W,
capacity
Zeolite
to 51rgd.
1982.
I
..I
1
I
6-8
Table
6-2.
Total
Trihalomethane
MCB Camp Lejeune,
Values in Treated
1981 and 1982
Water
at Rifle
Range,
-7
,I
.’
Date
Sample
No.
Total
THM (ppb)
. ,
/
1981
,i
8/20
8/20
8/20
8/20
467
468
469
470
100
100
98
98
9/24
9/24
9/24
9/24
542
543
544
545
42
43
40
44
10728.10/28
lo/28
lo/28
552
553
554
555
49
53
51
55
12/30
12/30
12/30
12/30
567
568
569
570
105
99
104
103
l/28
l/28
l/28
l/28
572
573
574
575
63
57
71
63
3/18
3/18
3/18
3118
577
578
579
580
32
47
-.
.
’
-1
I-‘-
1982
Note:
Source:
Data shown
encountered.
are
to
LANTNAVFACENGCOM,
demonstrate
levels
1982.
6-9
58
and rang-e
of THM
Table
Sample
No.
6-3.
Triflnlomethane
(TIfM)
Levels
at
MyI5 Camp
General
Lejeune,
1982
(in
Bromodichloro-
Area
Locat ion
ChloroEorm
I
Tarawa
Terrace
Bldg.
Water
Eirst
SST-39A,
Plant @
pump
1
2
Ta rawa
Terrace
Bldg. TT-60,
TT Elementary
School I, Main
1
ffall
Men’s
Chlorodibrolio.
methane
methane,
4
us/l)
Total
TAM*
2
10
2
12
5
i
11
4
2
10
2
10
I
3
Bromoform
Room
Sink
3
4
Tarawa
Terrace
Tarawa
Terrace
Bldg. TT-48,
TT Elementary
School II,
Men’s
Room across
Office
\
Bldg. TT-2453,
TT Exchange Gas
Station’s
Ladies
1
.
1
Room
5
Tarawa
Terrace
Bldg. TT-35,
Sewage Plant’s
Off ice Sink
4
6
Knox
Trailer
Park
Bldg. E-23,
Sewage f,i Et
Station
3
(1
7
Table
Samp Le
NO.
7
6-3.
TriI>aLomethane
General
Area
Mont
Ford
Point
s‘
I--
t--
(TIIM)
Locat
Levels
ion
Chloroform
Bldg.
M-178,
Water
Plant
Sink Faucet
(in
Bromod ichloro,methane.
3
Mont ford
Point
Bldg.
M-625,
Steam Plant,
Bathroom
Sink
9
Mont Eord
Point
Bldg.
M-128,
Branch
Clinic,
Men’s
Room
10
Mont ford
Point
Bldg.
M-136,
Sewage Plant
Sink
11
Mont ford
Point
Bldg.
M-23
BOQ, First
New
River
1982
4
ug/L)
(Continued,
Page
2 oE 6)
Chlorodibromomethane
2
I
Bromoform
Total
THEI*
<1
9
<I
2
@
8
12
at MCI) Camp Lejeune,
1,
2
<I
<1
4
4
2
11
15
20
5
13
21
28
11
(1
Floor
Men’s
Room
Bldg.
Water
AS-110
Plant
@
Pulllp
13
New
River
Bldg.
G-520,
Career
Planner,
Second Floor
Men ’ s Room
73
Table
Sample
NO.
6-3.
Trill:~lomethane
General
Area
(‘IIIM)
Levrls
Locat ion
a~ MGB Camp Lejeune,
ChloroForm
1982 (in
Bromodichloromethane
ug/l)
(Continued,
Ch lorod ibromomethane
Page 3 of
6)
BromoEorm
Total
h
14
New
River
15
New
River
45
32
120
25
37
22
99
15
24
37
24
100
18
8
2
(1
28
2
<I
33
(1
38
<l
35
Bldg. AS-4025,
Barracks
Rec.
Room, Bathroom
Sink
15
28
Bldg. 710,
OEEicer’s
Club
Gaily
Sink
15
16
New
River
Bldg. 2800,
Boat Marina
Men’ 8 Room
17
Ho lcomb
Blvd.
Bldg. 670,
Water Plant
Pump
18
Holcomb
Jllvd.
Bldg. 4022,
Fire Station,
Bathroom Sink
22
9
19
Ilo lcomb
Blvd.
Bldg. 1915,
Go1 f Course,
Men’s Locker
Room
24
11
20
Holcomb
Rlvd.
Bldg. 5400,
Berkeley
Manor
Elementary
School,
Main
Hall Dathroom
20
13
I
@
3
THM*
Table
4‘
L
6-3.
(THEI)
‘Trihaiolnetllant!
Sample
NO.
General
Area
Locat ion
21
llolcomb
Jllvtl.
Bldg. 2615,
PP OEEicer’s
Club, Gaily
Dishwashing
Levels
at
MCI! Camp
Lejeune,
1982 (in
ChloroEorm
Bromodichloromethane’
23
21
ug/L)
(Continued,
Page 4 oE 6)
Chlorodibromomethane
I
BromoEorm
Total
3
<I
47
Sink
22
RiEle
Range
Bldg. RR-85,
Water Plant @
Finish
Tap
29
15
4
<I
48
23
Ri Ele
Range
Bldg. RR-6,
Fire House Sink
29
14
4
<I
47
24
Ri Ele
Range
Bldg. RR-IO,
Snack Bar Sink
29
15
4
<l
48
25
Rifle
Range
Bldg. RR-200,
Across from
Target
Shed
28
14
4
<I
46
Ri fle
Bldg. RR-92,
Sewage Plant
Sink
29
15
(1
Courthouse
Bay
Bldg.
Water
BB-190,
Plant @
27
13
<I
44
Courthouse
Rlly
Jlldg. BB-7,
Mess Jlall Sink
27
13
<I
44
26
Range
27
28
*
49
Faucet
TlJM*
Table
Sample
No.
29
30
6-3.
TrihaLomethane
General
Area
Levels
Locat ion
at
MCI! Camp Lejeune,
ChloroEorm
1982 (in
ug/l)
(Continued,
Page 5 of
6)
nromodichloro-
Ch lorod ibromo-
methane
methane
Bromoform
4
(1
46
Total
Courthouse
nay
nldg.
BB-54,
Service
Club
29
13
29
14
4
(1
47
I
Court-
Bldg.
house
Iby
Sewage Plant
Sink
Court-
38
18
6
<l
62
Bay
Bldg. BB-46,
Marina Bathroom
Sink
32
Onslow
Beach
Bldg.
Water
BA-138,
Plant
32
9
1
<1
42
33
Onslow
Beach
Campsite 82,
Spigot
lo(Mainland)
41
10
2
<I
53
34
Onslow
neach
Bldg.
BA-103,
Mess Hal 1
32
1
<l
42
35
Orlslow
Beach
Campsite #l,
Spigot
2
(Beachside)
39
<l
(1
45
36
Orls low
nldg.
SJW142,
Spigot at bottom
of Pier
29
I
<I
39
31
house
‘I‘
r
(THM)
rkach
SBR-204
9
TRM*
L
/&
Table
Lead -Lk:
L,,
TriIlaLomethane
6-3.
bm...; 1.....:
(THEI)
Samp Le
NO.
General
Area
37
lladnot
point
Bldg.
Water
Pump
38
llatlnot
Point
39
Locat
Levels
ion
3 *,.a.~..,,
’ +m.: .a.....
i I.%
.a..”
J .,,a...e;,.u,..+j i,_._.,
J
at MC11 Camp Lejeune,
198’2 (in
Bt-omodichloromethane,
Chloroform
ug/l)
(Continued,
Chlorodihromomethane
Page
6 of
<l
45**
3
<l
51**
Bldg.
NH-l,
Emergency
Room
Sink
28
20t
Hadnot
Point
Bldg.
Men’s
25
20t
<l
40
lladnot
Point
I’Ildg.
65,
Quality
Control
Lab, Room 220
Sink
25
20t
(1
41
lladnot
Point
Bldg.
FC-530,
Laundry
Room
Sink,
First
Floor
28
20t
Note:
Source:
Data
shown
are
to
I,hNTNAVFACENGCOM,
@
1202,
Room Sink
water
standard
an upper
limit
an upper
limit
demonstrate
1982.
I
Total
2
20t
3
for TTIIM is 100 ug/l
(maximum)
(annual
average).
on the possible
bromodichloromethane
level.
on the possible
total
trihalomethane
level.
levels
and
ranges
of
THM encountered.
<l
___,
,’
6)
BromoEorm
23
* Interim
drinking
t This
represents
** This represents
20,
Plant
,_.,.
;:,.i 1........
..a
51**
TRIM*
wastewater
at Storage
Lot 140 was estimated
to be about 350 gallons
overland
discharge
per week (NAVFACENGCOM, FY1977).
Spillage
during
mixing
process
occurred
at Building
712 and possibly
occurred
at
Storage
Lot 140.
Soil
samples taken
around Building
712 after
this
team site visit
have shown DDT residues
at levels
up to 0.75 percent,
a dry weight
basis
(see Table 2-l).
of
the
IAS
on
Building
712 most recently
has been used as a day-care
center
(now relocated).
Building
1105 now houses Roads and Grounds Department.
Storage
and handling
procedures
at'Building
1105 were reported
to be
adequate
to prevent
any large
spills
and to insure
a current
safe working
environment.
Any pesticide
solution
not consumed during
the day it was
prepared
was saved for later
use.
6.3.10
Although
there
are many laundry
distribuDry Cleaning
Shop.
tion
centers
located
within
Camp Lejeune
and MCAS New River,
all dry
cleaning
is performed
in Building
25.
This laundry
facility
has been at
the same location
since 1943.
The solvent
used for dry cleaning
was
changed
in 1970 from a petroleum
based solvent
to perchloroethylene
(tetrachloroethene).
Current
consumption
rate is approximately
34 tons
per year.
Solvent
losses
are reported
to occur only
as a result
of
Solvent
is reclaimed
by filtration
and
evaporati&
during
the dry cycle.
distillation.
Therefore,
little
or no wastes have been generated.
Spent
filters
are dried
at high temperatures
while any vapors
are vented
into
the solvent
storage
tank.
After
drying,
spent filters
are bagged and
sent to the landfill.
6.3.11
Preparation,
Preservation,
and Packaging
Shops.
The Preparation,
Preservation,
and
MCB Shop Stores
Branch.
(P, P, and P> Shop is responsible
for rendering
equipment
and
materials
ready for storage
and shipment
or for rendering
such stored
items
operational
from storage.
Located
in Building
909 at Hadnot Point,
this
shop is presently
accountable
for packaging
hazardous
materials
to
be transported
to the Defense Property
Disposal
Office
(DPDO), or other
storage
locations.
Prior
to 1977, rinse
water from this
facility
(300 gal/week
in 1977) was discharged
by storm sewer into Beaver Dam
Creek.
The shop last used the degreaser
Trichloroethylene
(TCE) in
1978.
6.3.11.1.
Packaging
..
6.3.11.2
2dFSSG,.
The degreaser
TCE was used in
Buildings
901 and 1601 by the Marine
2nd Force Service
Support
Group
(2dFSSG) to degrease
engines
at various
times.
Approximately
440 gallons
of TCE were contained
in a tank.
In 1976 or 1977, this
TCE tank was
drained
and the solvent
sent to DPDO.
No information
was found regarding
spills,
leaks,
or discharges
from the tank.
6.3.12
Furniture
Repair
Shops.
The Furniture
Repair
Shop operated
by
Base Maintenance
is located
in Building
1409.
This shop used paint
stripper
(contained
in an approximately
550 gallon
vat) to remove clear
finishes
(i.e.,
lacquer
and varnish).
The vat was emptied
irregularly
every 1 to 4 months.
The paint
stripper
was placed
in 5Egallon
drums,
6-16
transported
to
onto the ground
Geiger
least
the industrial
area
but not burned.
Special
in Building
1968.
Only
fly
ash dump (Site
No.
241,
Services
operates
a furniture
repair
facility
TC-609.
This facility
has been in operation
small
amounts
of wastes are generated.
and poured
at Camp
since at
6.3.13
Paint
Shops.
Three paint
shops are located
in the Hadnot Point
area.
The Base Maintenance
Paint
Shop (Building
1202) used an estimated
9 tons of paint
per year in 1980;.similarly,
the Central
Paint
Shop
(Building
908) used 1 ton and the Hobby Paint,
Shop (Building
1103) used
2 tons.
The Base Maintenance
Paint
Shop has been located
in
Building
1202 at least
since pre-1951
and probably
since the building
was
constructed
in 1942.
‘I.7
““1
-i
”
.I.,
-7
*
;
-1
As a matter
of long standing
shop policy,
oil-based
paint
of
all
colors
has been saved,
combined,
and the resulting
gray paint
then
It has been reported
that
starting
in 1964, about 20 to 40 gallons
used.
of oil-based
paint
were disposed
of at the Hadnot Point
Burn Dump (see
Site No. 28) every other
week.
Some of this
paint
was burned.
It is not
known when this
practice
ceased.
Thinning
solvents
are rarely
used.
I
6.3.14
Photographic
Laboratories.
Six photographic
facilities
have
been identified
at Camp Lejeune.
In 1968, Buildings
11 and 27 were used
by the ,2nd Marine
Division,
and Headquarters
and Service
Battalion,
respectively,
for photographic
uses.
The Sanitary
Engineering
Survey for FY 1977 (NAVFACENGCONM,
FY 1977) identified
Building
54 (originally
a mess hall
built
in 1943) as
-a photo lab generating
300 to 400 gallons
per week of wastewater
It further
containing
acetic
acid,
sodium sulfite,
and ferri'c
cyanide.
described
the Naval Regional
Medical
Center
Hospital
as generating
200 to
300 gallons
per week of photographic
wastes containing
hydroquinone,
The photo lab in Building
302, presently
the
alkali,
and silver
nitrate.
Public
Affairs
Office,
produced
15 gallons
per day of wastes containing
hydroquinone
and methyfaminophenol
sulfate.
The Administration
Office
and Photographic
Laboratory
(Building
804 at MCAS New River)
was built
in 1955.
This laboratory
presently
discharges
about 50 gallons
of developers
and stop bath per
Fix bath solution
is sent to DPDO for
month to a sanitary
sewer.
reclamation.
Past waste disposal
quantities
are presumed
similar
to
current
ones.
Discharge
is expected
to have been to sewers and not to
landfills.
Other lndustrial
Trade Shops.
Other general
trade
shops are
6.3.15
The Plaster
and
associated
with routine
base maintenance
functions.
Masonry
Shop is located
in Building
1304 while
Building
1202 houses the
Electric,
Metal
Working,
Plumbing
and Heating,
following
shops:
Generally,
the
Refrigeration
and Air Conditioning,
and Carpenter.
materials
used by these shops are consumed during
the repair
and
The metal
refuse
collection
construction
functions
that they perform.
6-17
system has been in use at Camp Lejeune
for several
decades and eliminated
solid
metal
disposal
problems.
The Metal Working
Shop is primarily
a
metal-forming
facifity
without
pickling
or similar
metal
re-working
operations.
The Electric
Shop sends any accumulated
transformer
oil
to
DPDO and rarely
has disposed
of any motor winding
varnish.
The Plumbing
to unclog
indoor
drain
pipes but has since
and Heating
Shop used "Sizzle"
discontinued
the use of this
product
which was probably
a caustic
cleaning
agent.
The Carpenter
Shop was united
with the Upholstery
Shop
in Building
1409 in 1951 before
moving to its present
location.
6.3.16
Fuel storage,
dispensing,
and
Fuel-Related
Operations.
disposal
are significant
activities
related
to environmental
contamination
issues.
One principal
tank farm,
for gasoline
and diesel
fuel,
is
Here,
fuel is transferred
into tank
located
in the Hadnot
Point
area.
trucks
and transported
to smaller
dispensing
facilities
on base.
In the
past;
this
operation
has resulted
in the release
of POL compounds
to the
environment
via leaks
(see Section
6.5, Material
Storage)
or spills
from
Prompt
action
in the past has,
tank trucks
(e.g.,
refer
to Site No. 64).
by and large,
prevented
serious
contamination
from major
spills.
The Naval Research
Laboratory
site
6.4
OPERATIONS,
RADIOLOGICAL.
is near the present
Pest Control
Shop.
Activities
at the laboratory
included
using
radionuclides
for metabolic
studies
on small
animals.
Approximately
100 dogs were disposed
of in a small
area near the
building.
In November
1980, strontium
90 beta buttons
were found while
grading
a parking
lot near the building.
The area was surveyed,
and
Soil
samples
were obtained
and the
contaminated
items
were recovered.
site
was cleaned
of radioactive
substances.
Five 55-gallon
drums of soil
and animal
residues
were collected
along with 499 beta buttons
4400 microcuries
per button).
Iodine
131 was used in metabolic
studies
at the Naval Research
Because Iodine
131 has a half-life
of only 8 days,
residual
radiological
contamination
is nil.
Laboratory.
potential
for
6.5
activities
Materials
radiological
MATERIAL STORAGE.
Responsibility
rests
with the supply
organizations
of interest
include
POL, pesticides,
substances.
for
support
of the facility
of the various
commands.
chemicals,
and
Central
stores
located
in the supply
and industrial
area of
Hadnot Point
receive
all
incoming
supplies
for the Camp Lejeune
complex.
The group gives
support
to the 2dFSSG as well as to other
tenant
commands
on the base.
The central
stores
group handles
all
commodities
such as
ammunition,
fuels,
shop stores,
and food.
In addition,
the group
inspects
all materials
that enter
the base.
There is also a materials
stores
traffic
management
unit
which is responsible
for waste storage
and
shipment
from the base to proper
receiving
facilities.
Following
a DPDD
declaration
that
a given material
is waste,
this
group stores
and
transports
it.
The P,P, and P group certifies
that the material
is safe
to move.
6-18
’ ‘1
!
--7
I
!
Storage
of oils,
fuels,
and other
lubricants
is scattered
throughout
the base.
The Environmental
Engineering
Survey FY80 Update,
while
addressing
wastewater
treatment
needs,
identified
69 waste oil
systems,
46 grease
racks,
50 POL storage
areas,
144 fuel tanks,
and
9 fueling
areas.
Under the present
plan,
POL are stored
with adequate
environmental
safeguards;
large
fuel tanks
or tank farms have earthen
berms to contain
spills.
Other POL products
in cans or drums are stored
on fenced concrete
pads.
Historically,
there
was no awareness
of the
hazards
associated
with
these compounds
and containment
measures were
minor
or did not exist.
In the past,
there have been leaks in fuel tanks
or underground
lines.
When the break or leak is minor,
there may be a
considerable
time before
detection,
sometimes
resulting
in a large
amount
entering
surrounding
soils.
For example,
tank farms at Hadnot Point,
MCA.% New River,
and Camp Geiger
have experienced
losses
through
tank or
line
leakage.
These events have prompted
an awareness
by base personnel
of contamination
problems
associated
with underground
pipelines.
Construction
of aboveground
lines
has been one control
measure at the JP
Fuel Farm (Site
No. 45).
Refer to Site Nos. 22, 35, and 45 for detailed
descriptions
of various
fuel storage
problems.
Generally,
POL contamination
can be grouped
as spillage
of
unused POL of-a defined
type or spillage/disposal
of waste POL of an
unknown type or types.
When POL at a spill
site
can be identified
as a
single
-type of organic
mixture,
like
Mogas or JP-4,
the areas of concern
may be limited
to one or a few specific
categories.
These categories
may
be limited
to such areas as:
tainting
of fish
and shellfish
flesh;
taste
and odor problems
in potable
water;
migration
of lead,
lead compounds,
benzene)
to human or environmental
and potential
carcinogens
(e.g.,
receptors;
fire
and/or
explosion
hazards;
and problems
at building
construction
sites.
f
-3
2
!
I
_. .
P
:L ii
y
9
;J
Situations
dealing
with waste POL are potentially
more
complicated
because many different
types of wastes may have been comAdditionally,
bined,
including
toxic
and hazardous
organic
substances.
waste motor
oil
alone has been known to contain
some heavy metals
and
Phenolic
compounds
are known to taint
fish flesh
and, when
phenolics.
to cause taste
and odor problems
chlorinated
in water treatment
systems,
at concentrations
near 2 parts
per billion.
Consequently,
waste POL
sites
may require
.more extensive
analytical
investigations
to determine
what wastes are present
and thereby
better
define
the specific
areas of
concern.
Hazardous
chemicals
are now segregated
and stored
in accordance
with
federal
regulations
to minimize
risk
to environment
and to human
Chemicals
such as solvents
are now stored
on concrete
pads which
health.
are fenced.
There is adequate
protection
against
runoff
in case of a
spill.
Laboratory
pesticides
day-care
Pesticides
currently
are stored
at the former Naval Research
From 1943 to approximately
1958,
(see Section
6.3.9).
building
was used as a
were stored
in Building
712; this
Subsequently,
center
from the early
1960s until
mid-1982.
6-19
pesticides
were moved to Building
1105,
Stored
in Building
1105 were chlorinated
Chlordane
as well
as Diazinon,
Malathion,
and Dursban.
where they remained
until
1977.
hydrocarbons
such as DDT and
Lindane,
Mirex,
2,4-D,
Dalapon,
In the hazardous
materials
storage
area (Building
TP-452)
HTH
was being
stored
below antifreeze
(ethylene
glycol).
The liquid
either
spilled
or was released
in some manner and contacted
the HTH.
Combustion
resulted
and the entire
facility
burned in 1977.
This is an example
of
storage
which was improperly
planned
or without
knowledge
of the hazard
involved
from putting
these two substances
in close proximity.
Paint
stored
here was also consumed in the fire.
6 .p
WASTE DISPOSAL
OPERATIONS.
6.6.*1
Sewage Treatment.
Liquid
sanitary
wastes are conventionally
treated
throughout
the complex.
Because of the large
surface
area,
sewage treatment
plants
(STPs) must be located
in various
areas.
At
Hadnot
Point,
gravity
and force mains convey waste to a secondary
This plant,
originally
trickling
filter
plant
capable
of treating
8 mgd.
serving
Hadnot Point,
has been extended
to Paradise
Point,
French Creek,
and the Berk_eley
Manor housing
area.
Amphibious
using
lime
0.5 mgd.
Courthouse
Bay houses the Engineer's
School
and the Second
Tractor
Battalion.
Sewage treatment
is at the secondary
level
The design
capacity
of the plant
is
as a pH control.
MCAS New River
and nearby Camp Geiger
at one time had
each
capable
of
providing
secondary
treatment.
*treatment
plants,
Camp Geiger
plant
has been upgraded
and now also serves
the air
Design
capacity
of this
facility
is 1.6 mgd.
separate
The
station.
Solid
Wastes and POL Disposal.
Solid
waste disposal
in the
6.6.2
base complex
has been on land in the past.
Past practice
has not been
well regulated,
and unauthorized
disposal
sites
were used for many
substances,
some of which were hazardous.
A chronology
of principal
The original
base waste
waste disposal
areas is given
in Figure
6-l.
disposal
site
(prior
to 1950) was off Holcomb Boulevard
across
from
The site
was a borrow pit used for
Storage
Lot 203 (See Site
No. 10).
Following
construction,
which began in
disposal
of construction
debris.
1941, disposal
areas were located
near individual
activities
(see Site
Nos. 1, 7, 10, 13, 15, 16, 19, 24, 25, 36, 37, 40, 42, 43, 44, 46, 55,
57, 61, 62, 63, 65,
and 68).
As a result,
a number of sites
were active
In the early
197Os, a central
landfill
(Site
No. 29) was
simultaneously.
established
to receive
wastes from the entire
complex
while
other
One possible
exception
is the
landfills
were gradually
phased out.
Chemical
Dump in the Rifle
Range area (Site
No. 69) at which disposal
continued.
generates
A 1977 report
by SCS Engineers
shows that MCB Camp Lejeune
95 tons
664 tons of solid
waste per week, or approximately
6-20
per
TIME
1940
I
0
Mont,o,d
a...,
Point
“‘te
Is)
Dump
0
1970
1
[
Point
(Born
Montford
Point Dump
(Sate 161 (Burn1
Bum Dump
and Bury)
A
(Sire 281
‘1
t
Origmal
(Site
Base Dump
f
1) lBuT;j’
1980
t
E
fSW’aCC’
Hadnor
Hadnot
Point.
Industrial
Area
+
0
Mid&
Park
Area
0
0
Camp
Geiger.
MCAS
Camp
Geiger.
MCAS
*
1960
I
Monrford
Point
i
IN YEARS
1950
I
Camp
t
Present Base
t SanirarV
Landfill
Geiger (Trailer
Park1
(Burn and Bury)
Dump
I
tSne 291
(Site 41)
t
t
I
Geiger
-----
Area
WP)
(Bum
Dump
and
0
t
1
t
A
Bury1
Rifle
Rifle
Rani*
(Site 36)
IBury)
Range
Dump
(Site
61 I
iBurVl
Enginm
AMDump
(site
65)
1
Wumf
-t
!
Industrial
---m----m
Area
Fly
Ash Dump
(Site
24)
I
lsurtacel
t
(Fly Ash Only1
-;
t
0
Miscellaneous
Small Dumps
ISurtace and Burn and Bury)
Basewide
0
MCB
Rifle
Range
t
INo Surnmgl
Chemrcal
IBWVI
Dump
fSite
691
f
f
DPDO
LEGEND
TIME
PERIOD
FROM
JUDGED
RELIABLE
I
----
-
-
-
0
-
TIME
FROM
NOTE:
These
sites were
created
as
convenient
disposal
locations
for
adjacent
developed
areas.
As these
dispqsal
sites
closed.
refuse
from
the
effected
developed
area
was
rerouted
as indicated
by the arrows.
DATA
PERIOD
ESTIMATED
OR
UNCONFIRMED
DATA
ARROWS
ROUTING
INDICATE
AS SITES
WASTE
CLOSED
CIRCLE
DENOTES
PRINCIPAL
PORTIONS
OF BASE USING
RESPECTIVE
DUMP/LANDFILL
Chronology
FIGURE 6-1
of Solid Waste Disposal Sites and Waste Routing at Camp Lejeune, N.C.
karer and Air Research, Inc.
Consulting
6-21
Environmental
Engineers
and
Scienti!
The composition
day.
The industrial
waste
commercial
industrial
is similar
to municipal
waste
contains
nonhazardous
materials
wastes from similar
activities.
in other
communities.
and is typical
of
In addition
to solid
wastes,
base personnel
have estimated
that
prior
to the early
197Os, about 5 percent
of the waste oils
(and other
POL) was disposed
of at landfills
while the remainder
was spread on
roadways
or poured
down storm drains.
Other liquid
wastes disposed
of at
these scattered
disposal
tites
include
solvents
and some paints
that may
have been burned
or <$owid
to see,p through
the other wastes.
+....
7"--. I
The Rifle
F&nge‘$hemical
Dump (Site
No. 69) was set=asi%e
in
about
1950 to receive'itox"c
waste materials.
A complete
inventory
was
kqpt of types of waste‘s,
and position
of burial.
These records
j mounts,
have been lost,
but according
to a former base safety
officer,
an
estimated
50 barrels
of DDT, other
pesticides,
trichloroethylene
sludge,
wood preservative
compounds,
training
agents
(like
"tear
gas"),
and PCBs
(some in sealed
cement septic
tanks)
were buried
here.
The surface
area
is about 6 acres and the volume of disposed
materials
may be as high as
Storage
Lot 140 and
93,000
cubic
yards.
This site was closed
in 1978.
Building
TP-451
are currently
designated
as long-term
hazardous
waste
storage
area?.
Before
a pollution
control
program was implemented
in the early
197Os, it was common to spread waste oils
and other POL materials
on road
surfaces
for dust control.
As many as 1,400 gallons
per week were
disposed
of in this
way.
There are five sites
(Nos. 5, 31, 33, 34,
and 56) which are noted for this
type of disposal.
Wastes were collected
from various
maintenance
shops on the station
at intervals
throughout
the
-year.
There was no regulated
collection
practice,
and substantial
quantities
were flushed
to drains
that emptied
into the New River.
Some characteristics
of the waste oil currently
generated
are
The data show significant
levels
of metals
such
presented
in Table
6-4.
as lead (376 mg/l)
and zinc (475 mg/l).
Cadmium,
copper,
chromium,
and
barium
were also at elevated
levels.
Amounts of volatile
organic
compounds
were found in the parts-per-billion
(ppb) range with the
exception
of phenols
(20 rag/l).
These data emphasize
the potential
contamination
which could result
from improper
disposal
of waste oils.
It is recognized
that.past
practice
in many vehicle
maintenance
shops
allowed
oil
to seep into
fhe soil
on site and cause contamination.
This
generally
has been st$ppe$
and current
(1982) controls
regulate
-6
collection
and properj-disbosal
of these materials.
$j? : .,&
6.6.3
Chemical
and T$ain?ng
Agent Disposal.
For the purpose
of this
report,
a chemical
agent is defined
as a chemical
that
is capable
of
producing
lethal
or damaging
effects
on humans and which exists
solely
for that
potential
use.
Chemical
agents differ
from training
agents
in
that
the latter
are authorized
for use in training
people
to function
in
a chemical
environment.
Training
agents produce
irritating/incapacitating
6-22
?I#
Table
6-4.
Constituents
in Waste
Oil,
Component
.--.
1
,...
1
1
b
Antimony
<0.02
Arsenic
(0.002
Barium
1.08
Beryllium
<0.005
Cadmium
1.88
Chromium
0.16
Copper
4.44
Lead
376.0
(0.002
Nickel
0.36
Selenium
<0.002
0.16
Silver
i
‘-7
Thallium
I
-. J
<O.l
Zinc
475.0
Toluene
0.012
l,l-Dichloroethane
0.004
Phenol
2
20
i
::. -1i
Source:
1981
Concentration
Mercury
- -,
:
i.
MCB Camp Lejeune,
LANTNAVFACENGCOM,
1981.
6-23
(mg/l)
effects
at low concentrations
concentrations.
(Definitions
Force,
1975).
and are
adapted
not lethal
except
at much higher
from Departments
of Army and Air
Information
obtained
from various
sources -indicates
that some
type of chemical
warfare
training
has always been present
at Camp
Lejeune.
Information
has not been found to conclukively
indicate
whether
or not chemical
agents
were present
on-base.
Information
is also lacking
which conclusively
indicates
whether,
if present
in large
quantities,
these agents were present
in forms strictly
usable
as training
aids or as
stores
for chemical
warfare
use.
Supporting
the argument
of chemical
agent presence
is the fact
that,
in the early
195Os, adequate
storage
facilities
to maintain
a
supply
of chemical
agents
did exist
on-base.
One unconfirmed
report
of
phosgene vials
being
found on-base
and other
details
of eyewitness
observations
tend to add credibility
to this
supposition.
(These reports
will
be presented
later
in this
section.)
The argument
against
chemical
agent presence
is supported
by
the fact that,
historically,
the development
and storage
of chemical
agents
has been assigned
to the Army and Air Force with minimal
Marine
Corps involvement.
Also,
there
is only a small
probability
that domestic
or captured
chemical
agents
were returned
to Camp Lejeune
from overseas
war zones.
Most reported
observations
of "gas" disposal
are consistent
with training
agent disposal.
Training
agents were sometimes
spread as
solids
over areas used for training
exercises.
Disposal
of large
quantities
of these training
agents
(e.g.,
drums of wet material
that
would not disperse
properly)
would be consistent
with the Camp Lejeune
training
mission.
To summarize
the "chemical
agent presence
question,"
little
evidence
supporting
it.
However,
absence of information
construed
as evidence
that
large
quantities
of chemical
agents
present
or disposed
of on-base.
there
is
cannot be
were never
The remaining
portions
of this section
will
present
a summary
of the salient
details
and observations
reported
by former
and current
base employees
regarding
"gas"
disposal
operations.
Data that might
assist
in the identification
of the disposed
material
are presented.
Only one unconfirmed
report
of a chemical
agent at Camp Lejeune
was found.
Recollections
of an interviewed
staff
member were that
in
1958 or 1959, during
construction
of Air Station
housing
north
of Curtis
Road, a bulldozer
operator
uncovered
some glass
ampules
or vials.
Both
the operator
and his supervisor
smelled
an odor of "new-mown hay."
Subsequently,
the area was cleared
to a depth of 18 inches
and a total
of
eight
broken or intact
vials
were found.
The staff
member believed
the
vials
had been "sent
away" and were determined
to contain
phosgene.
However,
no written
documentation
or other
verbal
reports
of this
6-24
c
incident
phosgene.
they
were
were
found.
The reported
It is believed
that
most likely
training
if
odor
is
consistent
with
these vials
did indeed
aids for troop education.
the
contain
odor
of
phosgene,
Three other
incidences
of "gas" burials
have been identified
(see Site Nos. 69, 75, and 76).
These usually
involved
reports
of
Xarines
being
present,
sometimes
with protective
clothing.
Care was
usually
exercised
during
unloading
from trucks
and placement
in pits
to
ensure
the integrity
of 55-gallon
drums and possibly
5-gallon
cans.
Some
drums were rusty,
while
others
were in good condition.
Drums were
painted
various
colors.
Some drums were described
as being much lighter
than drums filled
with oil.
At one of these incidents,
some drums broke open, releasing
a
yellow
or brown liquid
that appeared
Like fuel oil but was not fuel oil.
No distinctive
odor was reported.
No protective
equipment
or clothing
was worn by the delivery
and unloading
personnel.
The color
and appearance are similar
to various
chemical
agents,
i.e.,
distilled
mustard
gas,
nitrogen
mustards,
and lewisite.
The Lack of a distinctive
odor may have
been due&to
the fact
that these agents have vapor densities
5 to 7 times
greater
than air and vapors may have been confined
to the bottom
of the
pit.
Despite
these similarities,
it is unlikely
that
such material
would
be handled
by personnel
without
any protective
equipment
or clothing.
this
does not conclusively
eliminate
the possibility
that
these
However,
chemicals
were present.
These three
drum disposal
incidences
probably
involved
disposal
of training
agents,
most probably
chloroacetophenone
(CN), as a solid
or
dissolved
in one or more solvents.
CN dissolved
in chloroform,
in
chloropicrin
and chloroform,
or in carbon tetrachloride
and benzene
becomes the different
training
agents CNC, CNS, and CNB, respectively.
The most probable
liquid
training
agent would have been CNC.
CN or
another
training
agent,
o-chlorobenzylidene
malonitrile
(CS), may have
CS was developed
been present
in the "much lighter
than'oil"
drums.
around
the time of the Korean War and replaced
CN, which was developed
in
1915.
Both CS and CN have similar
bulk densities
(CS is about 0.25 g/cc),
and both were stored
and handled
in 55-gallon
drums.
6.7
SITES.
6.7.1
identified
sites
are
section.
reports.
topography
Introduction.
A total
of 76 waste disposal
sites
have been
at MCB Camp Lejeune,
MCAS New River,
and HOLF Oak Grove.
The
listed
in Table-6-5;and
are located
on maps included
with this
For many sites,
photographs
have been included
with the site
These show limited
information
regarding
foliage,
Land use, and
near sites.
The
to
these
sites.
considerat
ion.
confirmation
A total
of
These sites
study ranking
system (model)
has been applied
54 sites
were judged
not to require
further
include
12 at MCAS New River,
3 at HOLF Oak
6-25
--
-__
-.
,---
T~_I-
--
-
Grove,
and 39 at MCI3 Camp Lejeune.
Five MCAS New River
plus
Lejeune
sites
have been judged
to require
further
assessment.
judgments
were based on factors
such as type of waste material
potential
for migration.
given
Summaries
Table 6-5.
in
of
pertinent
information
6.7.2
Sites
Requiring
Confirmation.
confirmation
are described
on individual
remaining
54 sites
excluded
from further
Section
6.7.3
using
similar,
but abridged,
d
-
6-26
concerning
all
17 MCR Camp
These
and
sites
are
The 22 sites
requiring
forms in this section.
The
consideration
are described
forms.
in
Table 6-5.
Site
No.
Disposal
Sites at C&p Lejeune ml&
public Works
DzveLopnerltMap
Sheet and Coordinates
Site
Description
Dates
used
Material
Deposited
French Creek Liquids
Disposal Area
Late 1940s
to mid-1970s
Waste battery
Fonuer Nursery/Da
Center (Bldg. 712 r
1945-1958
Various pesticides
5, Klo
3
Old Creosote Plant
1951-1952
Trash, general debris
5, Nil-12/011-12
4
SawniLl Road Construction Debris Dump
Unknown
Asphalt,
andcent
5, N14-15/014-15
5
?iney Green Ibad
unknown
??aste oil
6*
Storage Lots 201 & 203
7
Tarawa.Terrace
8
Plamnble
StorageWareHouse Bldg. TP451 & 'JR+52
m
Fire Fi&ting
Pit
10
Original
11
Pest Control
12
Explosive
Disposal
Training
Base.hop
Ordnance
194Os-Present
*taLs,
acid, POL
old bricks,
for dust control
DDT, PC&
11 C7/D7
6, GUI%
6, E3-4/G3-4/H2-4/J2-4/
1972
Construction debris, SIP
filter,
sand, household trash
3, F4
Current
Flaarnables
6, ~3
Jw,
6,K3/L3
1960sPresent
JP-5, solvents
Pm-1950
Construction
19761982
Pesticide storage, beta
buttons, animal carcasses
with Low-level radiation
Early 1960s
debris
6, GUI?2
10, FlO
Ordnance burned or exploded,
colored snakes, white
phOS~lOnls
20, G9
7, G12-13
,
13
Golf Course Construction
hnp Site
1944
Clippings,
asphalt
14
Knoxllrea
1973
Broken concrete and asphalt
2, Ll6-17/M1617
15
tintford
l!w-1954
Duup,
1948-1958
Litter,
2, M3-10
16*
tintford
Point
1958-1972
Bum tip,
1958-1972
Garbage, waste oils,
17
bntford
Rip-Rap
Area
1968Unknown
Concrete rubble
Rip-Pap
Point
Point
6-27
branches, sane .
asphalt,
SLP sand
asbestos
2, Nll-12
2,X9/a
Table 6-5.
Disposal
Sites at Camp Iejeune
[email protected] (continued
Page 2 of 5)
-.
Site
No.
Site
Description
Dates
USed
18
Watkins Village
19
Material
Deposited
19761978
Construction
sod debris
Nava1ResearchLabDt.q
19561960
Radioactive contaminated
animals, empty tanks, scrap
Inetals
10, ElO/FlO
20
Naval Research Lab
Incinerator
19561960
Sore ash, debris
10, FlO
21”k
Transformer
Lot140
195O-Present
XB spill,
oil
10, I15
22+
IndustriaLXrea-Tank
1979
Fuel (leaks)
23
Roads and Grounds, Bldg.
1105
1957-1960
Pesticide,
24*
Industrial
DLrmp
1972Approx. 1980
Fly ash and cinders, WI?
sludge, SI'P sludge, construction debris
10, L&N-17/?fl6-17
25
Base Incinerator
MM!-1960
timed
10, Ga
26
Coal Storage Area
Present
Coal storage runoff
27"
Naval Hospital
Ripliap
Area
19?0unknown
Concrete, granite
erosion control
Hadnot Point
Burn Dmp
1946-1971
Solid wastes, industrial
wastes, garbage, trash,
based paint
29
(E) Site
Public Works
Development Map
Sheatand.Coordinates
Storage
Farm
Area Fly Ash
Base Sanitary
Landfill
materials
7, Kl
DM', transformer
10, 515
herbicide
storage
trash, melted glass
10, 515
10, El2
10, H5
rip-rap
oil-
LO, Q1314/Rl314
.
1972~Present
Garbage, construction
debris, general trash
11, Al2/i312-13/ClZ-13/
013
.
Sneads Ferry Road-Fuel
Tank Sludge Area
1970
Sluge fran fuel storage
tank, tetraethyl
lead
and related compounds
18, G12
31
Engineering
64meRoad
195Cearly 1970s
Waste oils
20, G7-8/H3-8/U-7/
51-5
32
French Creek
19731979
Rip-rap
11, F3/G3-4/%
Stockage-
6-28
dumped
Table 6-5.
Site
No.
Disposal
Sites at Csmp Lejeune Cunplexk (Continued Page 3 of 5)
Site
Description
Dates
u.sed
public Works
Develoe
Map
sheet and Coordinates
Material
Deposited
33
Onslow AeachRoad
3%
Ocean Drive
unknown
Waste oil
Camp'Geiger Area
Fuel Farm
1957-1958
tbgas (spill)
12, Cl1
Camp Geiger Area
Late 194Oslate 1950s
Mixed industrial
and
mmicipal
solid waste
12, D13/El3
Cam&$&k-
1950-1951
I%tor parts, garbage, mod
12, Dll-i2
Present
Constructiondebris,
branches
12 BlO
unhm
Concrete slabs
12, B9-lO/C+lO
Waste oil and cinders
. for dust control
19, L&17/M&16
N14-15/01314
P12-13/Q&12
-
38
39
19, Gil-12/Hll-12/
112-13/512-13
-
Camp G$iger
Construction
Dump
Camp Geiger
Construction
Slab Drmg,
40
Camp Geiger Area
Borrow Pit
19w
Auto parts, metal
13, Dci
41*
Camp Geiger Dump
App=.
19461970
Y&d industrial
and
mmicipal
wastes, FOL,
solvents, old batteries,
Mirex, ordnance
13, E2-3
42
Bldg.
1950-1960
Treks,
23, DlO
43
Agan Street
unknm
Boards, trash, WI'P sludge,
fiberglass
23, H6-7/16-7
44
Jones Street Dmp
1950s
Debris, cloth, boards,
old paint cans
23, U-7/%-7
45-m
Can+ell
Street
1978
Underground Avgas Storage
and Adjacent .I? fiel Farm
at Air Station
Avgas,JF%andJp-5
23, 01314/P1314
46
?CAS ?lain Gate &mp
1958-1962
Construction
tion debris
and demli-
23, Q8-9
47
[email protected]
Stick Creek
unknm
Construction
tion debris
and demli-
23, Bll
705, BOJ Dmp
&xrcu
Pit
tree stmps,boards
.
6-29
_
_ _._
-.
._
-_
_
Table 6-5.
Disposal
Sites at Ckp Lzjeune Chpl&
(Continued Page 4 of 5)
Public
works
Site
Dascript ion
Dates
USed
Material
Deposited
Developrent Map
sheet andCoordinates
XAS Mercury -site
1951966
R+ng
of approximately
'1 gal. nrrcury yearly
for approximately 10 years
23, D17/E17
unknm
Paint
23, c18-19
50
I%% SuspectedMinor
Ikmp
..NCAS Small-Craft
Berthing
fiP-&P
unknm
kmlition-debris,
cohcrete
51
W'
ApPta.
1967-1968
Paint
1971
Aviation
fuels
Site
No.
49
Football
Field
Refuel Depot
cans
asphalt,
cam, hydraulic
fluid
23, Aw2o/a19-20
23, Q1-22/D21-22
Call-S
23, L19-2om9-20
I
23, R-Q2326
!
..
52
MCAS Direct
53
MC& Wareh*kse Building
Area. Oiled Roads
197U-1975
Cm&case, waste oils,
fuels, paint thinners
5499
Crash CrewFire
Bum Pit
195osPresent
Contaminated
spills
55
Air StationEast
195os-1960
Barrels,
planking,
56
'mOi1edpoadsto
Marina
1975-
Craokcase and waste oils,
contaminated fuels
23, Q8-33
unknm
Debris
23, E-G30-32
l'kaining
-
fuel spill,
fuels,
JP
JP
oil
23, 024-25/F%-25
“-!
Perimeter
57‘.
Runway 36 [email protected]
58
MCAS Tank paining
59
HZS Infantry
60
Explosive Ordnance Disposal
K-326 Range
61
Rhodes Point
62
Race Course Area Dqo
63
64
Area
Training
tires, trash, matal
telephone poles
Tank parts,
trash
Area
1950s
stumps
1974Present
Burn pits
miscellaneous
23, Q9-30
.ii
23, D-G3339
23, PT%-30
15, 03
I
Bivouac waste
15, 19
!
Llnlumm
Bivouac waste
14, L%
Vernon Road Dunp
unknown
Bivouac wastes
14, H5
Narines Road-Sneads Ferry
bad - I%gas Spill
1978
Nogas spill
17, 115/J15
Road hmp
6-30
for explosives
Feb. 28, 1975
I
Table 6-5.
Disposal
Site
No.
Site
Sites at Camp Lejeme
CorqA&
(Continued Page 5 of 5)
Dates
Description
USed
65
EngineerAreaDunp
Pre195Sto
1972
66
AWC Landing Site and
Storage Ara -
1950~Present
Oil spills,
acid
67
E$ineers
1951
TNT dispsal.
68*
Rifle
Range Dump
1942-1972
Solvents,
materials,
69*
Rifle
Range Chemical Dmp
Mid 195Os1976
Chemical agent test kits,
Malathion, DDT, PCBs
16, Ll4-15/xl4-15
70
Oak Grove Field Surface DLnnp 194&Y1950s
*
-
Hess hall wastes, cans,
bottles,
old paint cans
24, HZ/E!
71
Oak Grave Buried Dmp
WI&-1950s
Garbage, cans and bottles
24, Ll
72
Oak Grave Coal Pile
1940s
Goal storage use for
heating living quarters
24, l%
73x"k
Courthcuse Ray Liquids
Disposal Area
Latel94Os
mid-1970s
Waste battery
17, Ill-12
74++
?&ss Hall
Area
195O-early
1960s
Pesticides,
7Y
MCASBasketball
Early
Training agents (CX,CNC,
CNB, ardor CNS)
23,08-9/?8-9
j&s?
.?f.XS Curtis
Training agents (GE, CNC,
CNB, and/or CW
23, LlO/MO/NlO
TNtZ BULKI Site
Grease Disposal
Court Site
Burn areadunp,
..' construction debris
1950s
r
*
Public Works
Developmt
Map
Sheet and Coordinates
Material
Deposited
Road Site
1949
* Site Nos. l-69 and 7376 are shown on Figure 2-l;
Sites rec&ed
for Confirmation
Studies.
Source:
17, 58
23, AH-2O/B19-20
construction
WI? sludge
acid, POL
KZBs
16, H6-8/16-7
5, N13/014
Site Nos. 7&72 are sham on Figure 6-36.
WAR, 1982.
6-31
-..
POL, battery
17, Kl6
Site
No.:
1
Name:
French
Location:
PWDM Coordinates
at the western
Complex.
Figures
Creek
and Photos:
Size:
Area
Previously
Reported:
Activity:
These
Materialz
Involved:
Liquids
2-1,
estimated
Disposal
Area.
11, C7/D7; on both sides of Main Service
Road
portion
of the Gun Park Area and Force Troops
6-2,
at
6-3
7 to
8 acres
(total>
for
both
areas
No
two
areas
were
Waste
motor
oil,
acid
battery
used
for
disposal
waste
hydraulic
of vehicle
fluid,
fluids.
and used
Ouantity:
One estimate
for oil
and hydraulic
fluids
was 5,000
20,000
gallons;
for used battery
acid,
1,000 to
10,000
ga,llons.
See comments
below.
'When:
Late
Comments:
This area has been used by many different
Marine
organizations
over three
decades.
These groups included
motor transportation,
armored
personnel
carriers,
tank battalions,
and
self- propelled
Liquids
waste disposal
at this
site was
guns.
similar
to practices
at Courthouse
Bay (Site
No. 73).
The
transient
nature
of the units
assigned
to this area make it
difficult
to more accurately
estimate
waste quantities.
Based
on Courthouse
Bay data,
estimated
POL quantity
is probably
low
if the estimated
waste acid volume
is in the correct
range.
A
potable
water well
is located
within
about 100 yards and
between these disposal
areas.
1940s
to
to mid-1970s
6-32‘
SCALE
IN FEET
CONTAMINATION
3
f
.A
3
3
ACID AND POL
CONTAMINATION
l
FIGURE 6-2
Detail of Site No. 1, French Creek Liquids
A
SOURCE:
Nater and Air Research,
Inc.
Disposal Area
BASE PUBLIC
WORKS
SHEET
11 OF 24, JUNE
Consulting
6-33
Envtronmental
DEVELOPMENT
30.1979
Engtneers
MAPS,
and
-.
__
Sc~enl~ns
,
.ASliSTREET
GUM
22
*
STREET
A
LEGEND
*cl
0 11
l
l
16
20
&l
*22
023
*24
025
l 26
l 27
Franch
Past
Site Locations
I?,,1/I--
"CSf
-;h,
.-
1.--;-
_
at
Haclnot
Liquids
Disposal
Area
Shop
Naval
Resnsrch
Lab
Naval
neseawh
Lab
Transformer
Storage
Dump
lnclnerator
Lot 140
lndustrlal
Area Tank Farm
f3oads and Grounds,
Bldg. 1105
lndustrlsl
Arsa Fly Ash Dump
Oaso Incinerator
Coal Storage
Area
Navsl Hospital
Area Rip~Rap
>Jc2fJ Hadnot
A
Creek
Control
Polnt
Burn
Dump
I
0
Well
SCALE
IN FEET
t
2500
Point
-.-..
Consulllna
I
,, ,,#I
Environmenial
Engineerr or
II
Site
No.:
2
Name:
Former
Location:
PWDM Coordinates
5, KlO;
Brewster
Boulevard.
Figures
and Photos:
Nursery/Day-Care
2-1,
6-4,
Size:
See comments
Previously
Reported:
Activity:
Building
712 first
Later as a children's
Materials
Involved:
Malathion,
e
Center*
Building
6-5,
712 on Holcomb
Boulevard
at
6-6
section.
No
was used for pesticide
day-care
center.
Chlordane,
DDT,
2,4-D,
2,4,5-T,
Diazinon,
Silvex,
Dieldrin,
Dalapon
storage
and mixing;
Lindane,
-
Quantity:
Contamination
would have occurred
as a result
of small
spills,
washout,
and excess disposal.
During
15-year
use, it is
reasonable
to assume several
gallons-per
year were involved.
Therefore,
estimated
quantity
involved
is on the order of
100 to 500 gallons
of various
strength
Liquids.
Solid
residues
in cracks and crevasses
may total
1 to 5 pounds.
Caution:
Quantity
estimates
are not based on reliable
data
and are provided
for order of magnitude
guidance
only.
Disposal
to creek is undocumented.
When:
1945 to
Comments:
In late
1957 or 1958, pesticide
storage
and mixing
were
moved to Building
1105.
Chemical
use is reported
to have
been:
Chlordanel100 gallons
of 40-percent'powder
per year;
DDT--750
to 1,000 gallons
per day of 5- to 15-percent
material;
Diazinon--25
gallons
per month;
Dieldrin--Less
than
100 pounds per year;
Lindane--less
than 10 gallons
of
l-percent
material
per year; Malathion--100
gallons
per year;
Silvex
(2,4,5-TP)--stored
but not used; 2,4,5-T--50
gallons
for 1 year only.
The contaminated
areas are
per year --used
the fenced playground,
approximately
6,300 square
feet;
the
mixing
pad covering
approximately
100 square feet;
the wash
225 square feet;
and possibly,
the railroad
pad, approximately
tracks
drainage
ditch
that
is a tributary
of Overs Creek.
Contamination
of groundwater
or movement
of pesticides
in
groundwater
or surface
water is as yet undefined.
1958
* Since the IAS team on-site
visit,
Table 2-l shows soil
relocated.
Sampling
locations
are indicated
performed
at this
site.
the Nursery/Day-Care
Center
has been
pesticide
levels
around Building
712.
More testing
has been
on Figure
6-4.
6-35
TO OVERS CREEK
0
do
SCALE
IN FEET
FENCE
L
-I
WASH PAD\\
\
/
f
PLAY
r\/
FIGURE 6-4
Detail of Site No. 2, Former Nursery/Day
SOURCE:
ateaand Air Research. Inc.
BASE
PUBLIC
WORKS
STORAGE AREA
(APPROXIMATE
LOCA TION)
Care Center
DEVELOPMENT
Consulttw
MAP.SHEET
Entironmentol
5 OF 24. JUNE
30,1979.
Engineers and kientlsl
74
GREASE
PIT
AREA
DIRT
ROAD
P
i7
.
--
MIDWAY
PARK’HOUSING
AREA
I,
FIGURE
G-5.
/
/6
Site Locations
at Midway Park Housing
*Z
03
04
l
Area
SCALE
IN FEET
Former
Nursery/Day
Care
Old Creosote
Plant
Sawmlll
Road Construction
74 Grease
Pit Area
0 74 Pest Control
2;00
Center.
Dehrls
[email protected]
712
Dump
Area
Consulho
EnvIronmenIal
Engineers and klenllsl
Site
No. 2 -
FIGURE
6-6
Former
Nursery/Day
Care Center at Building
Water Treatment
Plant in Foreground
712
Site
No.:
6
Name:
Storage
Location:
PWDM Coordinates
6, F3-4/C3-4/H2-4/12-4/J3;
Boulevard
between Wallace
and Bearhead
Figures
and Photos:
Size:
Lots
201 and 203
2-1,
6-7,
Lots 201 and 203 are
respectively.
on Holcomb
Creeks.
6-8a
estimated
at
-
25 and 46 acres,
.
,
Yes
EPA Form
8900-l
MC Bul
5280
Previously
Reported:
Activity:
The site
was and still
is used to store hazardous
materials.
DDT is reported
to have been disposed
of at Lot 203 when it
served
as a waste disposal
area in the 1940s.
There has been
rang-term
storage
of DDT and transformers
containing
PCB.
No
spills
or leaks
of PCB have been reported,
but reports
of
white
powder (DDT) were noted.
s
Materials
Quantity:
Involved:
Pesticides
and building
debris
Inspection
of the DDT disposal
area reveals
no clues to area1
Trees are not disturbed
and no ground
extent
of disposal.
Reports
of disposal
depressions
or mounds can been seen.
activities
are vague;
no indication
of types of containers
aerosol
cans versus
55-gallon
drums.
It is
disposed
of, e.g.,
reasonable
to assume more than 1 or 2 pounds were involved.
However,
there
is no basis
for assuming
massive
quantities
were involved.
Therefore,
for purposes
of indicating
the
perceived
magni:ude
of importance
of site,
several
hundreds
of
pounds of DDT are assumed to have been disposed
of.
No
physical
or other
reliable
evidence
is available
to indicate
because some assessment
size of contaminated
area.
'However,
of size is needed to guide
any further
actions
(if any)?
assume that an area within,
say, an 80- to 100-foot
radius
is
involved.
Minimal
Regarding
PCB and DDT spills
near storage
areas:
information
has been discovered
during
site
investigations.
No amount of judgment
by environmental
and public
health
professionals
can yield
reliable
estimates
of spill
quantities
(Continued)
6-39
Site
No.:
6 (continued)
because
conditions
are so variable.
Guidance
for assessing.
magnitude
may be obtained
as follows:
No direct
evidence
of
assume no PCBs are involved.
PC3 spills
was found.
Therefore,
Inferences
of DDT spills
come from reports
of white powder
on ground.
No recollection
of size of powdered area is
available.
Assume that around storage
pallets,
DDT was
spilled
in a l- or Z-foot
band.
This suggests
pounds,
not
hundreds
of pounds,
were involved.
Over time,
quantities
may
be added.
assume 100 to 200 pounds of DDT
Therefore,
involved.
<
When:
Comments:
-
Caution:
Estimates
of quantities
data and are provided
as order
are not based on reliable
of magnitude
guidance
only.
Lots
1940s
in
a variety
of
uses
from
to present
These areas have a long history
of various
uses,
disposal
and storage.
Area is flat,
unpaved,
and
soils
have been moved about substantially
due to
equipment
movement.
There is no direct
physical
hazardous
material
contamination.
including
surface
regrading
evidence
and
of
There are 4 areas at the 2 sites
which have highest
likelihood
of DDT contamination,
if any contamination
exists.
These are
identified
on Figure
6-7.
Representative
photo is given in
Figure
6-8a.
Disturbance
of trees
is not evident;
however,
age of trees
is
estimated
at 10 to 20 years.
Therefore,
trees are more recent
than disposal
activities
and cannot be used as clues to define
the disposal
area.
6-40
.
OPEN STORAGE
‘-------\------sLo
SNEA0.s
FERRY
c ____---4
--____-------
AREA
ROAD
-------~-------
*
------.
L-------
LEGEND
-,,rJ
rr
-*\
I
LOT 203
/+
‘<\
\\
A
Well
Piney Oreen
Road
Storage
Lots 201 & 203.
Flammable
Storage
Warehouse
Fire Flghtlng
Training
Pit
Original
Base Dump
DDT Dumping
Location
PCB Trensformers
Storage
Site
DDT Storage
Locetions
::
‘\\
::
010
A
B
C
1
0
FIGURE
Site Locations
‘\y
6-7
at Open
Storage
Area
,/
.i
SCALE
Bldg.
TP 451
F;7
f&
& TP 452
*-
Location
IN FEET
1
2500
\“\
‘*Q.,‘p>;-.
-..‘*.*-.
‘c
SO;IRCE:
BASE
PUOLIC
WORKS
DEVELOPMENT
Consulllng
IylAPS,
SHEET
Envlronmenlol
6 OF 24, JUNE
30.1979,
Engineers
and
Sclentis
FIGURE 6-k
Site No. 6 - Storage Lots 207 -203
FIGURE 6-8b
Site No. 9 - Fire Fighting Training Pit near Piney Green Road.
Oil Water Separation Pit in Foreground
i
7
6-42
1
._-.
1
- ;
Site
No.:
9
,_ j
I”
I
;
Name:
Fire
Location:
PWDM Coordinates
Pin&y Geen Road
Creek.
Figures
Fighting
Training
Pit
at Piney
Green
6, K3/L3;
near Building
and Holcomb
Boulevard,
and Photos:
2-1,
6-7,
Size:
Estimated
area
is
Previously
Reported:
Road
S-TP-454,
between
south of Bearhead
6-8b
1
f
r
approximately
2 acres.
..
I
._
!
Activity:
--‘3
Yes
EPA Form 8900-l
MC Bul
6280
Fire
fighting
training
carried
out in an unlined
pit.
Flammable
liquids
burned
in pit.
No pollution
control
equipment
such as oil-water
separators.
a.
-
1
f
‘i
Materials
Involved:
Used
Ouantity:
Approximately
.-When:
1960s
Comments:
Training
No leaded
oil-water
oil,
solvents,
30,000
gallons
contaminated
per
year
fuels
(mostly
JP-4
and JP-5).
to present
4
began after
1961.
The pit was unlined
fuels
were burned.
Pit
is presently
separator
has been installed.
6-43
until
1981.
used and an
Site
No.:
16
Name :
Montford
Location:
PWDM Coordinates
2, Nll-12;
Creek,
about 900 feet east
Harding
Roads.
Figures
and Photos:
Point
Burn
2-1,
6-9,
Dump (1958-1972)
between Wilson
of intersection
6-10,
Drive and Northeast
of Coolidge
and
6-11
._
-,Size:
Area
Previously
Reported:
Activity:
Burn
au
Materials
..
affected
is
about
3.5
to 4 acres.
No
dump for
debris,
garbage,
and minor
quantities
of oil
-
Involved:
waste oils
Building
Quantity:
Amount of asbestos
less than 1 cubic
be very small.
When:
Approximately
Comments:
Mitigation
occasionally
1958
debris,
including
visible
yard.
on the
Quantity
to
1972.
has been undertaken.
for unauthorized
6-44
Site
asbestos,
garbage,
tires,
surface
is estimated
to be
of waste oil is believed
to
I
:
now closed.
Site
disposal
has been used
of debris
since
1972.
-T
..
i
f
3
_:
.9---L
I
---
..
SCALE
IN FEET
i
Detail
FIGURE
6-9
of Site No. 16, Montford
Point Burn Dump
SOURCE:
'aterand
Air Research,
BASE
PUBLIC
Inc.
WORKS
DEVELOPMENT
Consultln~
6-45
MAP,
SHEET
Environmental
2 OF 24. JUNE
Engineers
30.1979.
and
Scienti:
I
sts
:OtiD POINT
A
014
015
*16
l 17
FIGURE 6-10.
Site Locations at Montford
qarer and Air faesearch, inc.
LEGEND
VICI :NlTY
-
Well
Knox Area Rip-Rap
Dump
Burn Dump
Rip-Rap
Point and Vicinity
~n.sulttng
6-46
AND
Envtronmentol
Ef~lneert
and
Scientl!
i
--
_. i
-7
f
1
‘7
1
FIGURE
Site No. 16 - Montford
Showing
Asbestos
6-11
Point Burn Dump
Pipe insulation
Site
No.:
21
Name:
Transformer
Location:
PWDM Coordinates
10, 115; between Ash Street
and Sneaks Ferry
Road on Center Road; transformer
oil pit located
at the
northeastern
end of Lot 140, across railroad
tracks
from
Building
702 and about'50
to 60 feet from railroad
tracks.
Figures
._
and Photos:
Storage
2-1,
6-3,
Lot
140
6-12
-.
Previously
Reported:
Lot 140,
Form SSdO-1, MC Bul
1
Activity:
Materials
Quantity:
.
Lot 140, ap roximately
220 feet by 890 feet
rectangular
about 25 to 30 feet long
P; pit,
8 feet deep.
Size:'
yes (as PCB contamination
6280; pit,
no.
(almost
by 6 feet
site
wide
only)
by
EPA
-
Lot 140 was used for
pesticide
application
oil from transformers.
Involved:
Lindane,
Silvex,
below).
pesticide
equipment.
mixing
and as cleaning
A pit at this site
site
for
received
Lot 140--Chlordane
(dust),
DDT (dust),
Diazinon,
Malathion
(46-percent
solution),
Mirex,
2,4-D,
Dalpon,
and Dursban;
PCB in small
quantities
(see
Pit--transformer
oil , probably
containing
PCBs.'
Pesticide
contamination
would have resulted
from small
spills,
washout,
and excess disposal.
In 1977, before
this
activitv
moved to Building
?T37,-washout
was estimated
to be 350 gall
lons per week of overland
discharge.
At that time,
the
procedure
was to save for reuse any excess pesticide
solution.
It is reasonable
to assume that at least
several
gallons
per
year were involved.
Therefore,
over
20 years,
the quantity
involved
is estimated
to be on the order of 100 to
1,000 gallons
of various
strength
liquids.
Transformer
oil was drained
into pit over about a l-year
period.
Sand was occasionally
placed
in pit by heavy equipment when oil was found standing
in pit bottom.
The quantity
involved
is unknown.
Assuming
the pit received
(over 1 year)
(Continued)
6-48
Site
No.:
21 (continued)
1
enough oil to fill
the
the estimated
quantity
11,000 gallons.
c
(’
Caution:
and are
I
f
Quantity
provided
for
pit to between 1 and 8 vertical
would be on the order of 1,300
estimates
order
are not based on reliable
of magnitude
guidance
only.
feet,
to
data
,
When:
7
,. i
Early
1958 to 1977 for pest
transformer
oil pit usage
Comments:
_. _.i
I’” 1
t
:. 5
d
‘-3
f
1
r
-
activities;
1950-51
for
.
w?
‘\
control
Lot 140 was a multi-purpose
area when the Pest Control
Shop
used it.
(Before
this,
pesticide
storage
and mixing
were at
Building
712.
Practices
there,
probably
similar
to those at
Lot 140, resulted
in soil
contamination
(see Table 2-1).
For
a more detailed
listing
of quantities
involved
at
Building
712, see Site No. 2 of this
section.)
The mixing
area for pesticides
was described
as the "southeast
corner"
of
L_ot 140.
According
to MC Bul 6280 for the site,
soil
in this
area is "highly
disturbed."
There is a possibility
that
surface
soil
consists
of fill
material
used for lot leveling.
Any soils
sampled
should
be those layers
existing
at the site
in the 1960s (i.e.,
not fill
material).
According
to MC Bul 6280, the upper 4 inches of soil
in
Lot 140 was sampled
for PCBs in October
1980.
PCB levels
1 ppm or less were found.
No reference
to an oil disposal
was made in MC Bul 6280.
..
Lot 140 is bounded on its longer
sides by dirt
adjacent
railroad
drainage
ditch
is a possible
off-base
migration
route
for pesticide-contaminated
sediment.
6-49
of
pit
roads.
An
off-site
and
water
and
r
.-
_-
--
-L
SCALE
IN FEET
TRANSFORMER
Ot
DISPOSAL PIT
-I
7-m1
II1
FIGURE 6-72
Details of Sites 21 and 22, Storage Lot 140 with Oil
Pit, and Industrial Area Tank Farm, Respectively
SOURCE:
arer and Air Research, Inc.
BASE
PUB lLlC
WORKS
DEVELOPMENT
.
c;onsu~ang
MAP,
-
SHEET
tnvtronmental
10 OF 24, JUNE
Engineers
and
30,1979.
Scientist
site
No.:
22
Name:
Industrial
Area
Location:
PWDM Coordinates
and Ash Street.
Tank
Farm
10,
515;
4
i
_ :
Figures
and Photos:
2-1,
6-3,
east
6-12,
of
intersection
of
Cribb
Road
6-13a
-Y
I
I
..
i
P”’ 1
1
3
Size:
Area
Previously
Reported:
Activity:
Site is a fuel storage
and dispensing
Leakage has occurred
from fuel
Lines.
Material%
‘. 3
-1
estimated
Iniolved:
at
3.5
to 4 acres.
No
Diesel,
unleaded
50,000
gallons
loading
facility
and possibly
from
area
for
leaded
gasoline
Quantity:
20,000
to
tank truck
When:
1979
Comments:
Fuel farm installed
in 1940s.
There have been problems
with
leaks.
The latest
was a 100-gallon
leak of diesel
fuel in
1981.
In 1979, a fuel
leak of an estimated
20,000 to
30,000 gallons
occurred.
The leak was in an underground
line
slightly
to the rear of the tank truck
loading
facility
and
between the building
and the large
aboveground
fuel tank.
Fuel has been lost
through
pinhole
leaks in the underground
lines.
There is no evidence
of extensive
corrosion
in the
Control
is maintained
by an established
fuel audit
system.
system.
6-51
an underground
vehicles.
line
near
the
FIGURE
6--73a
Site No. 22 - Industrial Area Tank Farm
FIGURE
Site No. 24 - Industrial
b-52
_. ..6-13b
Area Fly Ash Dump
Site
No.:
24
Name:
Industrial
Location:
PWDM Coordinates
Birch
and Duncan
Figures
Area
and Photos:
Size:
Area
Previouslv
ReDorted:
Activity:
Fly ash
to clean
During
WTP and
diirnped
i
is
2-1,
about
Fly
Ash Dump
10, L16-17/Ml6-17;
Streets.
6-3,
6-13b,
20 to 25 acres.
South
6-14
of
intersection
of
e;
-
No
and cinders
dumped on ground
surface.
Solvents
used
out boilers
were poured on fly ash and cinder
piles.
196Os, construction
rubble
dumped here.
Sludges
from
STP also placed
here.
Furniture
stripping
wastes also
between 1972 and 1979.
Materials
Involved:
Fly ash, cinders,
and solvent
from central
heating
plant,
WTP spiractor
sludge
and sludge
from the sewage
treatment
plant.
Limited
quantities
of furniture
lacquers
and
varnish.
-Quantity:
The amount of fly ash is estimated
at 31,500 tons based on a
lo-percent
ash content
and a usage of 45,000
tons per year of
coal over 7 years.
The estimate
of furniture
stripping
compounds
dumped here is about 45,000
gallons
over 7 years.
This estimate
is based on assuming
that one vat of fluids
per
month was disposed.
A vat contains
approximately
500 to
The quantity
of cleaning
solvents
which reached
550 gallons.
this
site
is not known but is considered
to be small.
When:
Late
Comments:
Sandy soil
conducive
to migration.
The eastern
boundary
of
this
site
is a tributary
of Cogdels
Creek.
Drainage
is
probably
to the east,
south and west toward Cogdels
Creek and
its tributaries.
Creek has been rerouted.
Old creek channel
is now part
of fill
area.
..
1940s
to approximately
1980
(Continued)
Site
No.:
24 (continued)
Site
includes
four areas of potential
contamination
which are
designated
on Figure
6-15:
(1) the main fly ash dump, (2) a
small
area to the northeast
containing
spiractor
sludge which
has been disturbed
since the early
195Os, (3) a denuded area
west which has existed
since the early
1950s which is a borrow
area at which dumping
may have occurred,
and (4) a smaller
denuded
area farther
west which has existed
since before
1949
and at which dumping
may have occurred.
c
Fly ash and bottom
ash contain
heavy metals
that may
mobilized
by dissolution
in rain water.
No thorough
the various
solid
wastes disposed
of at this
site
is
to have occurred.
Insufficient
data exists
to try to
late
on possible
chemical
interactions
between these
wastes or to try to define
which wastes went to which
four areas.
i
be
mixing
of
believed
specuvarious
of the
Note:
Size estimates
are based on map and photograph
information.
Field
estimates
may have been made, but no field
measurements
have been performed.
Estimates
are provided
for
general
guidance
only.
6-54
FLY
ASH
cP/
Detail
SCALE
FIGURE
6-14
of Site No. 24, industrial
Area
SOURCE:
crater and
Air
BASE
PUBLIC
Research. Inc.
WORKS
Fly Ash Dump
DEVELOPMENT
Consultlng
6-55
IN FEET
MAP.SHEET
Environmental
10 OF 24, JUNE
Engineers
and
30,1979
Wenti:
Site
No.:
28
Name :
Hadnot
Location:
PWDM Coordinates
Treatment
Plant
Figures
Point
and Photos:
Burn
Z-l,
Dump
10, Q13-14/R13-14;
on both sides of
6-3,
6-15,
of Mainside
Creek.
Sewage
6-16a
Size:
Area
Previously
Reported:
Activity:
This
large
disposal
area received
a variety
of solid
waste.
The site
is now closed.
The surface
has been graded,
grass
has been planted
and is now a recreational
area with fishing
wastes were burned
and covered
pend.
When site was active,
with dirt.
a
Materials
is approximately
east
Cogdels
23 acres.
Yes
EPA Form
Involved:
Mixed industrial
based paint,
garbage
type
MC Bul
8900-l
waste,
refuse,
trash,
6280
oil-
Quantity:
Volume of fill
is estimated
at 185,000
to 370,000
cubic yards.
The volume of waste is based on a surface
area of 23 acres and
Because waste was burned,
a depth ranging
from 5 to 10 feet.
no approximation
of remaining
amount of specific
substances
approximate
size of the
can be reasonably
made.
However,
site
provides
order of magnitude
guidance.
When:
Approximately
Comments:
Reports
of Leachate
and oily
is on a former
wetland.
1946 to
1971
seepage
to
Cogdels
Creek.
Site
Note:
Size
estimates
are based on map and photograph
information.
Field
estimates
may have been made, but no field
Estimates
are provided
for
measurements
have been performed.
general
guidance
only.
6-56
SCALE
Detail
FIGURE
6-75
of Site No. 28, Hadnot
Point
SOURCE:
Vateaand Air Research, Inc.
BASE
RJBLIC
6-57
WORKS
Burn
DEVELOPMENT
Consulting
IN FEET
Dump
MAP,
SHEET
Envlronmental
10 OF 24. JUNE
30,1X’%
EnQlneers
and
Scienti!
i
-
FIGURE
6-16a
Site No. 28 - Hadnot Point
Burn Dump
!
FIGURE
6-16b
Site No. 35 - Camp Geiger Area Fuel Farm
7
I
I
Site
No.:
30
Name:
Sneads
Ferry
Road--Fuel
Tank
Sludge
Area
Location:
PWDM Coordinates
18, G12; along a tank trail
which intersects
Sneads Ferry Road from west, about 6,000 feet south of
intersection
with Marines
Road.
w-i
.
i
Figures
“-‘1
. :
I’\
LJ
and Photos:
2-1,
SLze:
Exact
location
Previously
Reported:
Activity:
One-time
disposal
leaded
gasoline
Materials
Involved:
Sludge
lead and related
6-17
along
trail
unknown;
See comments
below.
No
600 gallons
of
sludge
from fuel
compounds;
of tank
pumped
from
storage
tank,
tank washout
bottom
deposits.
fuel
tank
especially
waters.
storing
tetraethyl
Quantity:
About
below.
See comments
'When:
1970
Comments:
Soils
conducive
to migration.
The hydraulic
gradient
in the
water table
aquifer
is toward French Creek.
A private
contractor
disposed
of the sludge
along the tank trail
as an
Trail
alignment
is parallel
to groundwater
expedient
measure.
gradient.
As yet no records
(including
contract
documents)
have been
found to indicate
amount of sludge
disposed
of at this
site.
Two 12,000-gallon
tanks were involved.
Tanks were pumped out
Based on knowledge
of
while
changing
the type of fuel stored.
tank capacity
below tank outlfow
ports,
about 600 gallons
of
Additional
washout water
sludge
or tank bottoms
were dumped.
may have been present.
There is additional
information
to
suggest
that the site has been used for similar
wastes from
Therefore
the 600 gallon
amount must be
other
tanks.
considered
a minimum.
Composition
of sludge
and/or
washout is
unknown and may vary from containing
substantial
amounts of
tetraethyl
lead to containing
mostly
cleaning
compounds.
6-59
COMBAT
TOWN
TRAINING
AREA
SCALE
IN
FEET
LEGEND
Snsads
Location
ater and Air Research,
FIGURE
6-17
of Site No. 30 at Combat
Incp
Town
Training
nsultlng
6-60
Ferry
Road-Fuel
Tank
Sludge
Area
Area
Environment01
Engineers
and
Scientists
._
Site
No.:
35
Name:
Camp Geiger
Location:
PWDM Coordinates
Fourth
Streets.
Figures
and Photos:
Area
2-1,
estimated
Fuel
12,
Farm
Cll;
6-16b,
at about
north
6-18,
2,500
of intersection
of G and
6-19
Size:
Area
square
feet.
Previously
Reported:
Activity:
Mogas released
Area used for storing
and pumping
fuel.
soil
through
a leak or leaks
in underground
line
near
above-ground
storage
tank and tank pad.
-
-1
.G
Materials
Quantity:
-When:
Comments:
Involved:
No
to
Mogas
The amount of fuel is estimated
by Chief
Padgett,
Camp Lejeune
Exact
to be in the thousands
of gallons.
Fire Department,
estimates
cannot be made as these records
were destroyed.
195.7 to
1958
Spill
reported
to have migrated
east and northeast
toward and
into
creek.
Spilled
fuel at the surface
of the shallow
aquifer
was disposed
of by digging
holes
near the leak and
Fuel that contaminated
Brinson
Creek was
igniting
the gas.
also burned off near the leak.
Size estimates
are based on map and photograph
Note:
Field
estimates
may have been made, but no field
information.
Estimates
are provided
for
measurements
have been performed.
general
guidance
only.
6-61
SCALE
IN FEET
FUEL
STORAGE
tt
ED364
. . .
.
.-
**
.
.
.
-.
.
.
:
. . I
.a..
.:z.
.
.
.
k
.
*.
-.
..
.
*.
.
.
a
.
:.
-..
-.
i.
.
.
.:
,
l .
l .
.
.
*.
FIGURE 6-18
Detail of Site No. 35, Camp Geiger Area Fuel Farm
SOURCE:
3ter and Air Research,
BASE
PUBLIC
Inc.
WORKS
DEVELOPMENT
Consulttn~
‘-Lc)
MAP,SHEET
Environmental
12 OF 24.
En~lneers
JUNE
and
30,1979.
Sclentls~
! L..]
‘F-7
.-!
?iYT--BRINSON
CREEK
G,
I
-_
DRAINAGE
DITCH
.I
CAMP
GEIGER
AREA
A
LEGEND
A
FIGURE
6-19
Site Locations at Camp Geiger Area A
-a
\&“1
h’a71cr and
Air
Research.
l 36
Wall
Fuel Farm
STP Dump
Surface
Dump
Construction
Dump
039
Construction
Slab
*36
*36
037
Consulting
Inc.
6-63
Envlronmenlol
Dump
Engineers
and
Scientil
Site
No.:
36
Name:
Camp Geiger
Location:
PWDM Coordinates
Treatment
Plant
Figures
and Photos:
Area
2-1,
12, D13, E13; east of Camp Geiger
on south side of Brinson
Creek
6-19,
Sewage
6-20
Area
Previously
Reported:
Activity:
Site was used for disposal
of municipal
wastes and-mixed
industrial
waste
tram the air station.
Most material
was
burned and buried,
but some unburned
material
was buried.
Materials
25,000
Area
Size:
i
is about
Dump
square
feet.
No
-
Involved:
Garbage,
trash,
waste
oils,
solvents,
hydraulic
fluids
Quantity:
According
to interviews,
less than 5 percent
of all
hydrocarbons used at the air station
were disposed
of in dumps.
The
rest was used for dust control
on roads or went directly
into
storm drains.
Based on interviews,
a conservative
estimate
is
that 700 to 1,000 gallons
per week were used on roads.
A
smaller
but undetermined
amount was washed into
the storm
drains.
Using
a 5-percent
estimate
for dumping
over 9 years,
about 25,000
gallons
of material
could have been dumped into
storm drains.
Assuming
this
amount was split
between this
site
and the trailer
park dump (Site
No, 411, an estimated
10,000
to 15,000
gallons
of solvent
and oil were placed
here.
Most probably
were burned.
When:
Late
Comments:
Movement
of contaminants
via water table
aquifer
and surface
runoff
will
be toward Rrinson
Creek or roadside
drainage
ditch
south of dump.
The site
covers about 25,000 square feet and
rises
10 to 12 feet above grade,
Estimated
volume
is
14,000 cubic yards,
based on an average
depth of fill
of
15 feet.
1940s
to
late
1950s
Note:
Size estimates
are based on map and photograph
information.
Field
estimates
may have heen made, but no field
measurements
have been performed.
Estimates
are provided
for
general
guidance
only.
6-64
0
_ I
i
4.1
500
I
SCALE
IN FEET
T‘1
.i
F,
i1
0””
:
f
.?
> 7/ -
--
/i
,
-c
ROADWAY
. ..:.:.:.:jf$.j
. . . . ._
-0-
---e--
4
//
ROADWAY
AIR STATION
BOUNDARY
c
/
FIGURE 6-20
Detail of Site No. 36, Camp Geiger Area Dump (near STP)
A.rer and Air Research,
SOURCE:
Inc.
BASE
PUBLIC
WORKS
DEVELOPMENT
Consultl~
MAP,
6-65
-.-
-
.-----._
___
SHEET
Environmental
- -. -
12 OF 24,
E~lneers
JUNE
30.1979.
ond Scientist
Site
No.:
Name:
Location:
Figures
41
Camp Geiger
PWDM Coordinates
Boulevarl,zCamp
t
1
and Photos:
t -1,
Size :
Area
Previously
Reported:
Activity:
Site was
municipal
Material..
Quantity:
Dump
is
-13, E2-3;
south of end of Robert
Geiger
Trailer
Park (abandoned).
6-21,
5
approximately
Involved:
asphalt,
Yes
6-22,
L. Wilson
k
6-23a
30 acres.
EPA Form
8900-l
MC Bul
used as an open dump.
It received
industrial
wastes,
as well as construction
debris.
Waste oils,
solvents
concrete,
old batteries,
from
air
Mirex,
station,
ordnance
6280
and
garbage,
10,000 to 15,000 gallons
of waste POL and solvents
are
estimated
to have been disposed
of (refer
to Site No. 36).
Most probably
were burned.Number of old batteries
is
believed
to be very small.
Tons of Mirex
in bags.
Ordnance
was estimated
to include
thousands
of mortar
shells;
at least
one case of grenades
and one 105mm cannon shell
were also
reported.
When:
Approximately
Comments:
Site was operated
as a burn dump.
Based on an estimated
depth of 5 feet,
total
volume
of the site
is about
110,000
cubic yards.
1946 to
1970;
Mirex
in
.i
1964.
I
fill
/
In the mi&1960s
over a l- to 2-year
period,
at least
two
waste dis$osal
incidents
occurred,
during
which two truckloads
of drumme
wastes were unloaded.
At such times
'a fire
truck
was present.q
These wastes were described
as being similar
to
those disposed
of at the Rifle
Range Chemical
Landfill
(see
Site No. 69).
No better
information
regarding
drum contents
was obtained.
Note:
Size estimates
are based on map and photograph
information.
Field
estimates
may have been made, but no field
measurements
have been performed.
Estimates
are provided
for
general
guidance
only.
6-66
/
.
Detail
SOURCE:
aler
FIGURE
6-21
of Site No. 41, Camp Geiger
(near former
trailer
park)
BASE
CAMP
PUBLIC
LEJEUNE.
WORKS
DEVELOPMENT
SPEClAL
MAP,
STOCK
and Air Research, Inc.
.
.
--
Dump
MAP,
NO.
SHEET
V7425CP
Consultl~
6-6 7
.-.*-__.
13 OF 24,
LEJEUNE,
invironmental
JUNE
5th
30.1979
AND
Ed., SEPT. 24,1976.
Engineers
ond
Scientist
CAMP GEIGER
AREA
B
-LEGENDA Well
040
Borrow Pit
*41
Camp Geiger
I
0
FIGURE
faier
and
,\ir
!%c.search.
642.
Site Locations
IIIC.
SCALE
I
IN FEET
I2
,5r!,o
at Camp Geiger Area B
Consulting
A,,
Dump
Environmental
Enginwrs
ond
*
-
Site No. 41 - Camp
Site No. 45 - Campbell
FIGURE
Geiger
FIGURE
Street
6-69
6-23a
Dump
Near the Trailer
6-23b
Underground
Park
Fuel Storage
Area
Site
No.:
Name:
Location:
Figures
45
Campbell
Street
Underground
Farm at Air Station
PWDM Coordinates
Street
(JP Fuel
Street
(Avgas).
and Photos:
2-1,
Avgas
Storage
6-23b,
6-24,
Previously
Reported:
Activity:
Uqderground
tank (or
during
1978.
At the
underground
connecting
Southeastern
one-third
is generally
affected.
'Quantity:
40,000
6 acres.
I
square
No
Avgas
tanks)
leaked
at the fuel storage
area
JP Fuel Farm, extensive
leakage
from
Lines was discovered
in about 1981.
of area (i.e.,
approximately
2 acres)
and JP fuel
200 to 300 gallons
of Avgas.
Assuming
soils
overlying
groundwater are generally
saturated
with oil over about 2 acres,
about 600,000
gallons
of oil may be involved
(i.e.,
using
20-percent
porosity
and 5 feet to groundwater).
Therefore,
estimates
are that more than 100,000
gallons
of JP fuel have
leaked.
When:
Comments:
,
6-25
The underground
storage
area is approximately
feet.
The JP Fuel Farm covers approximately
Involved:
JP Fuel
23, 013-14/P13-14;
Campbell
Street
at White
Farm) and approximately
250 feet east of White
Sizec
Materials
and Adjacent
These two storage
areas are close together
and are considered
as one site.
Most recent
Leaks were JP-4 and JP-S from
underground
pipes.
These pipes have been replaced
by an
above-ground
system in which leaks
can be readily
detected.
An oil-water
separator
has been installed
on the south
boundary
of the fuel
farm, which now shows a substantial
amount
of oil.
Drainage
ditch
and canal
parallel
Campbell
Street,
then flow southward.
6-70
!
!
Y
t
;
r
WELLS
!
f&
+z
I’
111
Detail
of Site No. 45, Campbell
ater and Air Research,
-
BASE
PUBLIC
WORKS
DEVELOPMENT
MAP,
SHEET
JP Fuel
23 OF 24,
ConsuItIng Envlronmentol
6-71
---_-.
.._-_.-_ _..
.
”
FIGURE
6-24
Underground
Avgas Storage and Adjacent
Street
SOURCE:
Inc.
.
Farm
JUNE
30.1979.
Engineers ona Scientist
I
NEW
RIVER,
LEGEND
A
042
043
044
jc45
4
MAIN
l
l
STATION
4t3
47
Mercury
Suspected
Small-Craft
Football
*-%I
049
050
051
052
053
*es
055
l
se
057
*se
059
FIGURE
6-25.
Site Locations
at MCAS
New
River
z:fi
Consulting
Well
Bldg. 705, B.O.G.
Dump
Agan Street
Borrow
Pit
Jones Street
Dump
Campbell
Street
Underground
Avgar Storage
and Adjacent
Fuel Farm
Maln Gate Dump
Rip-Rap near Stick Creek
Dumpslte
Minor
Dump
Berthlng
Alp-Rap
Field
Direct
Refuel
Depot
Warehouse
Bldg. 3525 Area Olled
Roads
Crash Crew Fire Training
Burn
East Perimeter
Dump
Oiled
Roads
to Marina
Runway
36 Dump
Tank Training
Area
Infantry
Training
Area
MCAS
Basketball
Court
Slta
MCAS
Curtis
Road Site
Envlronmenlal
Pit
Engineers and Sclenl
Site
-’
48
Name :
MCAS New River
Location:
PWDM Coordinates
Mercury
Dump Site
!
-i
7
No.:
23,
D17/E17;
Building
804 on Lonpstaff
Road
-l
i
-7
i
i
-7
.P,
7
Figures
2-1,
6-26
Size:
._
The disposal
area is in
from the rear of Buiding
.
Previously
Reported:
Activity:
i
i
”
and Photos:
Material2
corridor
extending
No
Mercury
was drained
in woods near photo
Involved:
a lOO- x 2QO-foot
804 to the river.
- _
Hetallic
from radar units
eriodically
lab (Building
804 P .
and disposed
mercury
,_ II!
.-I
:
1
-:...J
f
Quantity:
Approximately
1,000 pounds
When:
1956
Comments:
Best information
indicates
that material
was carried
by hand,
probably
to area between building
and river,
and dumped or
buried
in small
quantities
at randomly
selected
spots.
The
solubility
of metallic
mercury
is about 25 ppb, at 25"C,
although
this may increase
due to chloride
or hvdride
complex
formation
under the proper
environmental
conditions.
The
biological
transformations
of mercury
in the aquatic
environment (water
and sediment)
are complex
and can enhance bioaccumulation
in the food chain.
The EPA drinking
water standard
One thousand
pounds (454 kg) of mercury
for mercury
is 2 ppb.
could contaminate
about 184,000
acre-feet
(227 x lo6 m3) of
water to this
level.
to
1 gallon
total.
per year
10 years,
i.e.,
more
than
1966
..A
J
\..
over
6-73
0
500
SCALE
IN FEET
-7
FIGURE
6-26
Detail of Site No. 48, MCAS New River Mercury
I
\+‘ater and Air Research,
SOURCE:
Inc.
BASE
PUBLIC
WORKS
DEVELOPMENT
Consulting
h-7&
Dump Site
MAP,
SHEET
Efwironmental
23 OF 24, JUNE
Enaheers
30,1979.
and
Scientist
Site
r,.
No.:
54
Name:
Crash
Location:
PWDM Coordinates
of Runway 5-23
a
Figures
Crew Fire
and Photos:
Affected
Previously
Reported:
Activity:
Pit used in
and solvents
Inijolved:
leaded
Burn
Yes
fuel
Pit
at Air
23, 024-25/P24-25;
near Building
3614.
2 1 1, 6-27, 6-28
i
a&a is approximately
Size:
Materials
Training
crash
were
Station
adjacent
to southwest
t
1.5
acres.
EPA Form 8900-l
crew training
burned.
Contaminated
may also
end
at
air
fuels
(principally
have been used),
MC Bul
station.
waste
6280
Waste
oils
JP-type,
although
solvents
Quantity:
Based on present
usage of 15,000 gallons
of PQL annually,
nearly
l/2 million
gallons
of these compounds
have been used
at this
site.
If only 1 percent
of solvents
and POL soaked
into
ground before
lining,
then 3,000 to 4,000 gallons
would
have entered
the soils.
Caution:
Reliable
data have not been
found from which to quantify
soil
contamination.
The above
estimating
procedure
is used to provide
order of magnitude
guidance
only.
When:
First
Comments:
Burn pit was lined
around 1975.
According
to
site
was used unlined
a number of years before
1964 aerial
photographs
reveal
a very "clean"
large
fuel ttains
are apparent.
use is
believed
to have
been
in mid-1950s.
some reports,
this.
However,
looking
area;
no
Sizeiestimates
are based on map and photograph
Note:
informationi
Field
estimates
may have been made, but no field
measurements
have been performed.
Estimates
are provided
for
general
guidance
only.
6-75
\/
V
SOURCE:
‘ater and Air Research’,
BASE
MCAS
FIGURE
6-27
Detail of Site No. 54,
Crash Crew Fire Training Burn Pit
PUBLIC
WORKS
DEVELOPMENT
DRAINAGE
-PUBLIC
WORKS
inc.
MAP, SHEET
23 OF 24,JUNE
DRAWING
13377.
Consultt~
6-76
Envtronmental
En&wers
30,1979
ond
AND
Sclenttsts
i
)
.+
FIGURE
6-28
Site N:. 54 - Crash Crew Fire Training
i:.*
t
3
6-77
Burn Pit
‘.
i
Site
No.:
68
Name:
Rifle
Location:
PWDM Coordinates
16, H6-8/16-7;
2,000 feet west of Rifle
Range
east of Stone Creek.
Figures
Range
and Photos:
Dump
2-1,
6-29,
6-30,
west
water
of Range
treatment,
Road, about
about 800
feet
6-31
Size:
Estimated
area is 3 to 4 acres of primary
disposal
area within
an originally
disturbed
area of approximately
35 to 40 acres.
Previously
Reported:
Activity:
Operated
Materials
Involved:
i
Ouantity:
No
as a dump
for
materials
Construction
debris,
comments
below)
from
Rifle
WTP sludge,
Range
activities
solvents
(see
Using 3 to 4 acres as area and assuming
10 feet of fill,
volume
is estimated
at 50,000
cubic yards.
Solvent
amounts
are estimated
to be 1,000 to 2,000 gallons,
based on period
use and quantities
noted in comments
(below).
of
When:
1942 to
1972
Comments:
Sandy soils
in area make site
favorable
for migration
of
Although
site
is downgradient
from Potable
Well
contaminants.
Nos. RR-47 and RR-97,
heavy pumping
may allow contaminants
to
move upgradient
and cause the contamination
found in these
wells.
this
dump may not be the source of the
However,
contamination
because
total
amounts of solvents
in the dump
cannot
be accurately
determined.
The report
of solvent
waste being disposed
at the Rifle
Range
Dump has not been substantiated
by follow-up
interviews.
Although
the number of personnel
qualifying
with weapons at
the rifle
range apparently
has decreased
to 20,000
to 30,000
per year (range
use has been higher
during
war years),
weapon
cleaning
practices
are probably
unchanged
for at least
the
last 20 years.
Typically,
weapon cleaning
occurs at the
"parent
organization"
and does not occur in the rifle
range
area except
for the relatively
smaLL number of people
working
there.
Dry cleaning
solvent
waste used for weapon cleaning
Some discrepancy
does not exceed 20 to 30 gallons
per year.
exists
as to whether
or not "bore cleaner"
is presently
used,
but if it is, quantities
used are expected
to be similar
to
No other
unusual
or
the amounts
of dry cleaning
solvents.
specialized
activity
that uses solvents
has been identified
in
this
area.
Note:
Size estimates
are based on map and photograph
information.
Field
estimates
may have been made, but no field
Estimates
are provided
for
measurements
have been performed.
general
guidance
only.
6-78
w-
’
6
SCALE
IN FEET
‘1
..-_
1
i
--l
“’ “3
ORIGINAL
DISTURBED
Detail
.-.
.A‘
J
SOURCE:
‘ater and Air Research.
FIGURE
6-29
?f Site No. 68, Rifle
EASE
PUBLIC
Inc.
Range
WOAKS’DEVELOPMENT
Dump
MAP,
SHEET
ConsuItIng Envtronmentat
6-79
16 OF 24, JUNE
Engineers
and
30,1979.
Sclentisl
RIFLE
RANGE
AREA
LEGEND
A
Well
66
69
Rifle
Rills
Range
Range
Dump
Chemical
Dump
1
0’
FIGURE
6-30.
Site Locations
at Rifle
Range Area
SCALE
IN FEET
25
,
-
i
L
.i
,
. . ..A
FIGURE
6-31
Rifle
Range Dump
Site No. 68 -
?
:i
6-61
Site
No.:
69
Name:
Rifle
Location:
PWDM Coordinates
16, L14-15/M14-15;
due east of intersection
of Range
north
of Everett
Creek.
Figures
Range
Chemical
Dump
and Photos:
2-1,
6-30,
Size:
Estimated
area
is
Previously
Reported:
Activity:-
Former site
for chemical
PCBs, fire
retardants
Materials
Involved:
Lindane,
probably
all other
chemical
no agent
levels
in
6-32,
about
6-33
about 8,000 to 9,000 feet
and Sneads Ferry Roads,
'
6 acres.
Yes
EPA Form 8900-I
wastes,
including
MC Bul
various
6280
pesticides,
Pentachlorophenol,
DDT, TCE, Malathion,
Diazinon,
gas cylinders,
HTH, PCBs, drums of "gas" that were
a training
agent
containing
chloroacetophenone
(CN),
hazardous
materials
generated
or used on base,
agent test kits
for chemical
warfare,
which contain
substances.
See Table 2-3 for reported
contaminant
surface
and groundwater
at or near this
site.
Quantitv:
Overall
volume may be 93,000
cubic yards.
This is based
area of approximately
6 acres and an assumed depth of
LO feet.
When:
Approximately
Comments:
The former
base safety
officer
where chemicals
were buried
in
been lost,
but some information
1950
Disposal
was in
least
12 different
to
on an
about.1976
pits/trenches
dumpings
prepared
a list
the landfill.
is known from
between
have been
of what and
This list
has
an interview.
6 to 20 feet
documented.
deep.
(Continued)
6-82
At
Site
No.:
69 (Continued)
... .
This site
is at a higher
elevation
than surrounding
terrain.
Subsurface
contaminant
migration
could be in many directions.
Groundwater
seeps were observed
in the surrounding
area.
-1
Two reports
of atmospheric
emissions
were noted.
One incident
occurred
possibly
as a result
of meteorological
conditions;
the second incident
was caused by accidental
disturbance
of
the ground at the site
by grading/disking
machinery.
Some PCBs, sealed
buried
here.
\r.
.$
i
i
*
i
.!
1
I.. ,
..
in
cement
septic
-
tanks,
are reported
to be
Both fired
and unfired
blank
rifle
cartridges
were found on
the ground within
the boundaries
of this
site.
The presence
of these cartridges
indicate
that troop
training
exercises
may
have extended
into
this
area,
possibly
at night
when warning
signs might
not have been seen.
The chemical
agent test kits
were a type called
"Kit,
Chemical
Agent Detector,
M9" for detecting
mustards,
nitrogen
mustards,
arsenicals
and phosgene.
The following
is a contents
listing
of the kit
from the kits'
"General
Directions."
1
1
36
20
20
20
20
2
1
1
1
1
1
Kit Carrier
with Carrying
Strap
Air Sampling
Pump, with Slashlight
Mustards
Detector
Tubes
Nitrogen
Mustards
Detector
Tubes
Arsenicals
Detector
Tubes
Phosgene
Detector
Tubes
Sampling
Tubes
Aluminum
Bottles
of Liquid
Reagent
BLue Bottle
of Liquid
Reagent
Red Bottle
of Liquid
Reagent
Aluminum
Vial
of Solid
Reagent
Protective
Cover
Set of General
Directions
for Use of Kit,
Agent Detector,
M9
1 Pack of Envelopes
and Report
Forms
1 Pencil
Chemical
One disposal
incident
occurred
in 1953 or 1954.
About
50 drums of what is believed
to be training
agent were
delivered
on rubber
padded trucks
and were buried
in two
The drums were described
as being
trenches
(see Figure
6-32).
"not nearly
as heavy as if filled
with oil".
These drums were
These
placed
in the pit one at a time
and laid
side by side.
two pits were up to 20 feet deep and the drums were stacked
so
(Continued)
6-83
Site
No.:
69 (Continued)
that
the
when the
absorption
by those
reported
were light
top layer
was five or
drums were covered.
cannister
and other
people
present.
The
that he itched
after
blue or bluish-green
six feet below ground level
Gas masks with some type of
protective
clothing
were worn
heavy equipment
operator
working
at this
site.
The drums
and unmarked.
In 1970, another
burial
incident
took place during
which
5-gallon
cans and 55-gallon
drums of DDT, trichloroethylene
(TCE),
and calcium
hypochlorite
were placed
together
in a
common pit.
When earth was being placed
over the containers,
an explosion
and fire
occurred
which caused a forest
fire
and
blew drums from the pit
into
the forest
about 40 yards from
A fire
truck
and base safety
personnel
were present.
the pit.
Some of those present
possessed
gas masks.
e
Note:
Size estimates
are based on map and photograph
information.
Field
estimates
may have been made, but no field
measurements
have been performed.
Estimates
are provided
for
general
guidance
only.
6-84
LEGEND
1
2
3
4
5
6
’
7
Groundwater
Monitoring
Well No. 15
Canvas
Tent Fragments
Fired and Unfired
Blank
Rifle Cartridges
Rectangular
Depression
Empty
Malathion
Drum
Exposed
Wooden
Boxes with White
Powder;
exposed
rim of 55gallon
drum;
holes apparently
formed
by collapsa
of
buried
material
Pooled
Water with Organic
Film on
Surface
8
9
10
11
-i.
FORMER
DIRT ROAD
/
19uart
Cans Exploded
by Fire
Chemical
Agent Testing
Kits
Pool
Buried
Training
Agent/Gas
SITE
BOUNDARY
WATERSHED
BOUNDARY
EVERETT
WATERSHED
CREEK
BASIN
FIGURE 6-32
Physical Features and Locator Map For Site No. 69
SOURCE:
er and Air Research,
USGS,
7.!5 MINUTE
VARIOUS
AERIAL
Inc.
6-85
SERIES,SNEADS
PHOTOGRAPHS,
FERRY.
PERSONAL
Consultl~
Envlronmentol
N.C.. 1971.
OBSERVATIONS.
Engineers
1962.
and
Scientists
FIGURE 6-33
Site No. 69 - Rifle Range Chemical
Showing Discarded Gas Detection
Dump
Kits
.I
b-00
-.AI
Site
--.
No.:
Name:
Courthouse
Location:
PWDM 17, 111-12;
area surrounding
A9, and surrounding
the southern
-
Figures
--
73
and Photos:
Bay Liquid
2-1,
6-34,
Disposal
Area
Buildings
one-third
6-35
Size:
Acid and POL disposal
area is about
POL exclusively
is about 12 acres.
Previously
,
Reported:
Activity:
Waste
Materials
*
Yes
battery
Sanitary
acid
A2, A3, A8, and
of Courthouse
Road
and motor
oil
1 acre.
Engineering
were drained
Involved:
Used vehicle
battery
acid containing
lead,
and possibly
antimony;
waste motor oil
containing
phenol,
barium,
cadmium,
chromium,
nickel,
silver,
and zinc
Disposal
area
Survey
onto
for
FY77
soil.
sulfuric
possibly
copper,
acid,
lead,
Quantity:
About 10,000
to 20,000 gallons
of used battery
acid were
poured out at this
site
at an estimated
rate of 60 gallons
per
month for a minimum
of 27 years.
The amount of lead dissolved
in the used acid is expected
to be s all.
(The solubility
constant
for lead sulfate
is 2 x 10 -!3 ; new battery
acid is
about 12 normal
sulfuric
acid);
however,
lead sulfate
debris
may have been suspended
in the acid.
Antimony
sulfate
or
dissolved
antimony
may be present
in used acid.
The acid
content
of fresh battery
acid is about 6 molar
sulfuric
acid.
Using
fresh acid molarity,
between 60,000 and 120,000
moles of
sulfuric
acid was dumped at this
site.
This amount of
sulfuric
acid would consume about.13
tons of calcium
carbonate
during
neutralization.
Over a 32-year
period,
as much as
400,000
gallons
of waste motor oil has been disposed
of at
this
site.
Presently,
the 208 amphibious
vehicles
at this
site
require
four oil
changes of 15 gallons
each per year.
If
the constituent
concentrations
listed
in Table
6-4 are
representative
of this waste oil,
the following
amounts of
material
would be present
in the soil
or ground water:
lead,
1,300 pounds;
zinc,
1,600 pounds;
and phenol,
70 pounds.
When:
1946
Comments:
Acid disposal
occurred
periodically
by manually
digging
small
holes
in the ground,
pouring
in battery
wastes,
and then
replacing
soil.
Oil wastes were disposed
of by driving
vehicle
into wooded area,
draining
oil onto ground,
replacing
it with new oil,
and driving
away.
Acid was disposed
of by
hand-carrying
the battery
or acid from the maintenance
area,
so the disposal
area for acid is smaller
than for the oil.
to
1977
The acid disposal
area is approximately
Courthouse
Bay.
The disposal
area for
tens of feet from the shoreline.
6-87
200 feet from
POL only is within
just
**eb)
A
SNEADS
FERRY
ROAD:;
POL AND ACID
CONTAMINATION
0
L
SCALE
IN FEET
500 I
j .t
POL
CONTAMINATION
ONLY
COURTHOUSE
BAY
FIGURE 6-34
Detail of Site No. 73, Courthouse Bay Liquid Disposal Area
SOURCE:
t’ater and Air Research.
BASE
PUBLIC
WORKS
inc.
DEVELOPMENT
MAPS,
ansuttlng
6-88
SHEET
Envlronmentol
17 OF 24. JANUARY
[email protected]
I.1977
and
Scienti
,I
-~“I-_
-._
.I
1
i
;
I
I
.
. ..^.
_.
\.__.._.,
4
b-.-...
,
I
*I-.-
. .. .
-.-
-..,
.
.
ENGINEER
AND AMPHIBIOUS
TRAINING
AREA
A
LEGEND
A
064
l
l
65
66
3(t73
Well
Marlnes
tloadSneadsJrrry
IJW Area Dump
Engi
AMT -It AC Landing
Site
and
Courthouse
Disposal
0’
FIGURE
6-35.
Site Locations
at Engineer and Amphibious
Training
Bay
SCALE
Liquid
Road
IN FEET
- Mogar
Storage
Spill
Ares
Area
&joo
Area
Consulting
Envlronmenlol
Engineers
and
Sclentll
Site
No.:
Name:
Mess Hall
Location:
PWDM Coordinates
5, N13/014;
grease pit located
0.4 miles
east
of railroad
tracks
- road intersection
(at old sawmill
site,
Site No. 3) and north
of dirt
road;
pes't control
usage area
was 20-50 yards south of dirt
road and about 75 yards east of
Building
617.
Figures
Grease
and Photos:
2-1,
Pit
Area
6-5
Size:
Grease pit
100-135
feet long by 30 feet wide by lo-12
feet
deep; assume
each drum burial
pit was 30 feet long by 6 feet
wide - total
area north of dirt
road approximately
2-3 acres;
pest control
area of about 100 feet by 100 feet is assumed.
Previously
Reported:
Activity:
Three separate
1. Grease from
2.
Burials
of
transformer
pit;
and
3.
Burlap
bags
then later
control.
Materials
.
74
Quantity:
No
PCBs,
Involved:
wastes.
activities
occurred
in this
area:
was deposited
in a large
pit;
55-gallon
drums,
possibly
containing
PCB
oil and pesticides
occurred
near the grease
mess
halls
of sawdust were soaked in a DDT solution
deposited
in wetland
areas for mosquito
DDT,
possibly
other
pesticides
and
and drummed
Pesticide
contamination
from pest control
activities
would
have resulted
from dripping
sawdust bags, small
spills,
washout
and excess disposal.
It is reasonable
to assume that
at least
several
gallons
per year were released.
Therefore,
over about
10 years,
the quantity
involved
is estimated
on the
order
of 50 to 500 gallons.
One or more
disposed
of
drums each,
buried
here.
truck
loads of pesticides
in 55-gallon
drums were
at this
site.
Assuming
two truck
loads of 20 full
a quantity
of 2,200 gallons
of pesticides
was
About 20 drums of PCB containing
gallons,
are buried
here.
Mess hall
of concern
Other
wastes:
grease
at this
(see Comments
site will
below).
See comment
section
transformer
not
oil,
be considered
or
1,100
a waste
below.
(Continued)
6-90
Site
No.:
74 (Continued)
1950-1958;
Pesticide
drum
about 1963; grease
pit
burial:
activities:
When:
Sawdust bag soakings:
early
1950s; PCB burial:
early
1950s.
Comments:
The grease pit was used in the early
1950s as a disposal
site
for mess hall
grease and some food wastes.
At least
one
unsuccessful
attempt
to burn the grease using more flammable
In 1954 Hurricane
Hazel passed through
the
material
failed.
area and washed/floated
the grease from the pit;
pit use was
then discontinued.
._
Drum burials
occurred
near but not in the grease pit.
Detailed
information
regarding
drum contents
is not avaiLable
because most data were provided
by equipment
operators
involved
only with burial
and not with transportation
or
custody
of the drums.
,
Some drums may have been left
over
from a burial/disposal
incident
at the Rifle
Range Chemical
Landfill
(Site
No.
a
69).
Aerial
photographs
show extensive
activity
at the grease pit
area in 1956 with evidence
of perhaps
four separate
burial
trenches.
Some activity
is evident
in 1949 and this
area
It is likely
that
remained
partially
denuded as late
as 1970.
other
waste disposal
events
took place at this
site
although
no other
evidence
or reports
were discovered
during
the course
of this
study.
A sand mining
concurrently
site was used in the Sawmill-Grease
with the grease pit operations.
6-91
Pit
area
Site
No.:
75
Name:
MCAS Basketball
Court
Location:
PWDM Coordinates
vicinity
of the
between railroad
23, OS-9/P8-9;
north of Curtis
basketball
court
(Structure
No.
tracks
and housing
area.
Figures
and Photos:
2-1,
6-25,
Site
Road to the
1005) and
6-36
Size:
Pit was oval
6 feet deep.
Previously
Reported:
Activity:
Burial
Materia<
Involved:
Quantity:
75 to
100 55-gallon
When:
Early
1950s
Comments:
Some conflicting
data from former
heavy equipment
operators
exist
about this
site.
At least
one disposal
operation
took
place during
which 75 to 100 55-gallon
drums were buried.
A
crane was used to dig an oval hole about 70 feet by 90 feet
and deep enough to cut into
the groundwater
table.
The drum
contents
were called
"gas" by the people
delivering
and
unloading
it but this
was not intended
to indicate
automotive
or airplane
fuels.
No fire
department
equipment
or personnel
were present.
The drums may have contained
a yellow
or brown
liquid.
Tops of the drums may have had 8 feet of earth
covering
them.
shaped,
90 feet
long
by 70 feet
wide,
at
least
No
of drums
occurred
at
this
location.
Material
was called
"gas" by personnel
who unloaded
it and is believed
to be CN tear comDound in
solution.
Solvents
might
include
any one or more of
the following:
chloroform,
carbon
tetrachloride,
benzene,
and chloropicrin
(PSI.
drums
or 4,100
to 5,500
gallons
There are three
potable
wells
within
1,000 feet.
No basements
or shallow
wells
are known to exist
in the vicinity.
Recycled
filter
backwash water is pumped through
a buried
pipe between
the water treatment
plant
and a storage
pond north
of the
site.
This pipe runs north-south
immediately
west of the
site.
Relatively
high permeability
fill
surrounding
the pipe
may provide
an opportunity
for groundwater
movement
from the
site
to and into
the pond.
Aerial
reveal
photographs
a conclusive
for years
location
6-92
1949, 1954
1956 and
for this
site.
1964 did
not
SEABOARD
COASTLINE
RAILROAD
- PRIVATE
OWNERSHIP
- 125 FT.
RIGHT
OF WAY
SCALE
USMC
-
WATER
Detail
^“.
Air Research'.
_. _ _ _._.
AIR STATION
BOUNDARY
TREATMENT
FILTER
BACKWASH
HOLDING
POND
FIGURE
6-36
of Site No.s 75 and 76, MCAS Basketball Court
and MCAS Curtis Road Site, Respectively
SOURCE:
'aterand
IN FEET
BASE
PUBLIC
WORKS
DEVELOPMENT
Inc.
6-93
. ~-_-_l_-__l-____.
Consultlw
.__--.-_
MAP,
Site
SHEET
23 OF 24,
Envtronmentd
..
Engineers
.... .
-
JUNE
and
30.197%
Scientk
. .._-_._. -.
Site
No.:
76
Name:
MCAS Curtis
Location:
PWDM Coordinates
23, LlO/MlO/NlO;
adjacent
to and north
of
Curtis
Road and west of terminus
circle
of Crawford
Street.
Precise
location
cannot
be ascertained
(see Comments below).
Figures
and Photos:
Road
2-1,
Site
6-25,
Size :
Probably
about l/4
areas placed
beside
Previously
Reported:
Activity:
Burial
Materials
Quantity:
0
6-36
acre;
each
assuming
other.-
two 50 feet
by 100
feet
No
of drums
Involved:
-
occurred
here
on two separate
occasions.
Possibly
chloroacetophenone
(CN) tear compound/
training
agent because similar
transporting
and
unloading
procedures
as those
used at the MCAS
Basketball
Court Site
(Site
No. 75) were followed.
Chloroform,
carbon tetrachloride
and benzene may be
present
as solvents
and also chloropicrin
(PSI.
At least
25 and possibly
1,400 to 4,100 gallons.
as many as 75 55-gallon
drums,
i.e.,
When:
Comments:
Material
was delivered
to the burial
and was unloaded
by people
who wore
(perhaps
only rubber
gloves).
site
on a padded truck
some protective
clothing
In 1949, this
area was relatively
undeveloped
and Lacked
permanent
landmarks.
A large
pecan tree
cited
as a landmark
could not be located
during
the site visit.
Features
on a
22 October
1949 aerial
photo indicate
that
the disposal
site
might
be located
200 to 300 yards west of the area identified
during
the interview
with a former heavy equipment
operator.
Since neither
data source was considered
unquestionable
both
areas are indicated
on Figure
6-36.
The exact site
cannot be
conclusively
Located
at either
one or the other
of these two
suggested
locations.
However,
these sites
are the most
probable
based on available
data.
This site
Court Site
is different
(Site
No.
and distinct
75).
6-94
from
the
?lCAS Basketball
.,
L.
j
I
6.7.3
Sites
Not Requiring
Confirmation.
The majority
of identified
waste disposal
sites
have been judged
not to require
further
assessment.
This is because the potential
for adverse
impact
to public
health
and/or
the environment
is relatively
small.
These sites
are described
in this
section.
--
-
il
6-95
.
Site
No.:
3
Name:
Old
Location:
PWDM Coordinates
Figures
Creosote
and Photos:
Plant
2-1,
Size :
Several
acres
Activity:
Lumber
cutting
5, Nil-12/011-12
6-5
-
Materials
and Quantity
When:
i
1951 to
-
Involved:
Creosote
plant
being built.
railroad
ties
removed.
Site
4
Sawmill
Location:
PWDH Coordinates
Along
Activity:
General
Materials
Road
and Photos:
Size:
Unknown
Comments:
Distance
Building
and general
was being
built
debris
only a few months when railroad
was
operation
was as a sawmill
which made
Plant
later
sold and
cut lumber.
Construction
2-1,
roadway
Debris
Dump
5, N14-15/b14-15
6-5
about
surface
and Quantity
When:
Trash
operated
The other
and rough
Name:
Figures
.
when railroad
1952
Comments:
No.:
and creosoting
0.3
miles
disposal
Involved:
area
Asphalt,
in
length
for
construction
old
bricks,
debris
and cement
to nearest
well
is about 100 feet (Well
641).
No hazardous
wastes involved.
6-96
Site
No.:
5
I
._.
.I
Name:
Piney
Green
Road
Location:
PWDM Coordinates
‘1
f
._
i
I’ ,
!
i
Figures
and Photos:
Size:
-7
I
1
1
c
T
6, G4/H4
2-1,
Presumably
6-7
along
entire
length
of
,._
road
which
is
about
a mile
-
Activity:
Waste oil
clinkers
Materials
and Quantity
I
from central
heating
and spread
on road.
plant
was put
on crushed
_.
I,’
‘,
Involved:
Waste
oil
for
dust
control
I
,.
1
.__A
-. .,
i
“-2
’
Unknown
Comments:
Minor
Site
7
No.:
contamination
potential
i
I
!
.
.
When:
3
i
:
:: sr
Name:
Tarawa
Location:
PWDM Coordinates
Figures
Terrace
and Photos:
A few acres
Activity:
Disposal
Materials
t
3,
F4
2-1
Size :
--
Dump
site
and Quantity
and household
for
Involved:
trash
waste
material
Construction
debris,
STP filter
a. J
When:
1972
(this
Comments:
No hazardous
is
date
waste
.R
J\.
closed)
involved.
6-97
.,.-,I_
-.
.~ .-.__..---___
.-_.--.
sand,
Site
No.:
8
Name:
Flammable
Location:
PWDM Coordinates
Figures
Storage
and Photos:
Size:
About
2-1,
Warehouse
Bldg
TP-451
6, K3
6-7
1 acre
-
Activity:
Storage
Materials
a
._
Building
Site
10
Involved:
TP-452
Name:
Original
Location:
PWDM Coordinates
Figures
flammable
materials
Assorted
flammables.
and Photos:
2-1,
5 to
10 acres
Activity:
Waste
disposal
and Quantity
When:
Pre-1950
Comments:
First
Also
burned
in
1977
Dump
Base
Size:
Materials
for
.
Current
-
Comments:
No.:
facilities
and Quantity
When:
and TP-452
6, G2/H2
6-7
landfill
Involved:
dump on base.
a burn dump.
Construction
Received
6-98
mainly
debris
construction
debris.
-
-
‘\
p)
,.
i
J
u
I’
f
!-
i
-
APPENDIXES
.. i
--I
i
-.
_
!‘,.
7
i
i
APPENDIX A
MONITORING-WELL CONSTRUCTION
1
;I
---..-
..--_
“_
APPENDIX
A-l.
RECOMMENDATIONS
A--MONITORING
WELL CONSTRUCTION
FOR GROUNDWATER MONITORING
A-l.1
Monitoring
Well Inventory.
Wells
that have been improperly
abandoned
or that have been out of service
for a long period
are
potential
conduits
for contamination
from the water table
aquifer
to
those deeper.
Many of the wells
at Camp Lejeune
have been abandoned
or
are no longer
in service,
but there
is not a complete
inventory
of the
location
or abandonment
procedure.
It is recommended
that the status
of wells
at the installation
..
be clarified
by determining
the location
of- all the wells
that have ever
been'drilled
at the base.
A comparison
of the complete
list
of wells
with the wells
now in use will
show those that have been abandoned
or
that
are out of service.
If these wells
are close to and downgradient
of
a confirmed
hazardous
waste site,
a further
assessment
of the wells'
status
should
be made.
This assessment
should
include
the reason for
abandonment
or nonuse,
the date when the well was last used, how it was
abandoned
(if
applicable),
future
plans for the well (if not yet
abandoned),
and a review
of any chemical/physical
data available.
i
3
and gravel
aquifers.
,-‘a
A satisfactory
abandonment
procedure
pack with grout
so that contaminants
filling
migrate
the.well
between
A-l.2
.constructed
surrounding
migration
Monitoring
Well Installation.
Each monitoring-well
should
be
so that it has both an efficient
hydraulic
connection
to the
water table
aquifer
and an effective
seal against
the
of surface
waters
into
the borehole.
accomplish
The following
techniques
these two aims (Figure
..
1.
2.
3.
and materials
A-l):
are
recommended
to
Drill
an B-inch
borehole
'to 10 feet below the water table,
as noted during
drilling.
Collect
representative
lithologic
samples
every 5 feet during
drilling
for preparation
of the lithologic
log.
Install
a string
of threaded,
flush-joint,
Z-inch,
schedule
Set the top of a
40 PVC well
casing
and well screen.
lo-foot
length
of PVC well screen at the water table
if the
water table
is within
approximately
5 feet of land surface.
If the water table
is encountered
at greater
depths,
some
portion
of the well screen should
be set above the water
The recommended
well-screen
slot
size is 0.010
inch.
table.
The top of the casing
should
extend
approximately
12 to
18 inches
above ground
level.
After
the well casing
and screen have been installed
in the
borehole,
place a filter
pack of fineto medium-grained
quartz
sand in the annular
space from the bottom
of the
hole to approximately
2 feet above the top of the screen.
..-J
.- J
involves
cannot
A-l
'
-
MARKER
POSTS
-
64NCH
PROTECTIVE
CASING
\\\\\
\\\
\\\
\\\\
\\.\
\\
\\.
::::
.\\
\\.
Xi\\
\\.
\\\
\\\
.\.
..\
\.
3:::
\.
-.\\
.\\
\>
\\\\\
\\\\
.
\\\
\
\\\
\
x::
\\
\\,
.
\\\
\
\\\\\
riin
\\\\\
P..
I;::;;+
i
1 -FOOT
SAND-CEMENT
BENTONITE
SEAL
7 WATER
=
TABLE
Z-INCH SCHEDULE
WELL SCREEN
40 PVC
FILTER PACK OF FINE- TO
MEDIUM-QUARTZ
SAND
TOTAL DEPTH OF HOLE
AT -10 FEET BELOW
WATER TABLE -
FIGURE
A-l.
>GI.
e5232’
Recommended Monitoring-Well
Construction
Yi
ater and Air Research,
Inc.
dnsultlng
A-2
Envlronmental
Enalneers
ond
Skntists
I
i
-_. i
Site
-7
No.:
11
Name:
Pest
Control
Shop
Location:
PWDM Coordinates
10,
FlO
1
:
Figures
and Photos:
Size:
A few acres
Activity:
Formerly
studies
Shop
..- .
...
Materials
0,
,
When:
1
2-1,
6-3
used as a Naval Research
using Iodine
131 occurred;
Laboratory
presently
where metabolic
the Pest Control
and Quantity
Involved:
Pesticide
storage
(current),
buttons
(previously
dissolved
and removed),
animal
contaminated
with low-level
radioactive
materials
* 1976
to
beta
carcasses
1982
i
Comments:
Previously
reported
as a site by base environmental
personnel
and cleaned.
Residual
radioactivity
low due to short
half-life
of Iodine
131
Site
12
-;
,!
i
No.:
Name:
EOD (G-4)
Location:
PWDM coordinates
‘-’ ‘7
r-i
‘.
I
Figures
and Photos:
20,
G8-lO/H8-10/18-10
2-1
f
-i
Size:
About
300 acres
Activity:
Ordnance
be inert,
1
2. i
Materials
3
.&
is disposed
unserviceable
of
by burning
or defective
Ordnance,
and Quantity
Involved:
smoKes,
and white phosphorus
When:
Early
Comments:
Any undestroyed
or exploding
burned
when
or exploded,
found
colored
1960s
residues
are
6-99
typically
less
than
1 pound.
to
Site
No.:
13
Name :
Golf
Location:
PWDM Coordinates
Figures
Size
Course
and Photos:
About
:
Activity:
When:
disposal
No hazardous
Site
14
Involved:
wastes
Name:
Knox Area
Location:
PWDM Coordinates
Figures
and Photos:
Size:
Along
Activity;
Shoreline
Materials
of materials
Clippings,
branches,
and some asphalt
1944
-
Comments:
No.:
G12-13
10 acres
and Quantity
*
7,
Dump Site
2-l
Surface
Materials
Construction
Rip-Rap
2-1,
about
and Quantity
When:
1973
Comments:
No hazardous
involved
2, L16-17/M16-17
6-10
700 feet
of
shoreline
stabilization
Involved:
wastes
Broken
involved
6-100
concrete
and asphalt
- :
Site
c-T
._
No.:
15
.>
Name:
Montford
Point
Dump Site
Location:
PWDM Coordinates
(1948-1958)
1
Figures
.
and Photos:
Size:
._
About
Activity:
Disposal
Materials
2-1,
1948
2.
6-10
4 acres
area
and Quantity
When:
2, M9-10
to
for
trash
and construction
Involved:
Litter,
asphalt,
1958
-
Comments:
No hazardous
Site
17
wastes
involved
m-7
‘7-3
E
No.:
Name:
Montford
Location:
PWDM Coordinates
Figures
Point
and Photos:
Area
Rip-Rap
2, N9/09
2-1,
6-10
u-1
Size:
Along
Activity:
Shoreline
Materials
about
and Quantity
When:
1968
Comments:
No hazardous
800
feet
of
shoreline
stabilization
Involved:
Concrete
to Unknown
wastes
involved
6-101
rubble
debris
STP sludge,
and sand
Site
No.:
18
Name:
Watkins
Location:
PWDK Coordinates
Figures
Village
and Photos:
Size:
0.5
Activity:
Landfill
(E)
Site
7, L21
2-1
1 acre
to
-
Materials
burial
and Quantity
When:
*
1976 to
-
No hazardous
Site
19
wastes
Naval
Location:
PWL)M Coordinates
Research
materials
and debris
involved
Lab Dump
10,
and Photos:
2-1,
Size:
About
2 to 3 acres
Activity:
Waste
disposal
Materials
Construction
Involved:
Name:
Figures
.
debris
1978
Comments:
No.:
of
ElO/FlO
6-3
site
for
and Quantity
Involved:
tanks,
and scrap metals
Naval
Research
Radioactive
When:
1956 to
Comments:
Animal
bodies
were buried
due to short half-life
of
Laboratory
contaminated
animals,
empty
1960
6-102
in deep pits.
Iodine
131.
No residuals
expected
4.
5.
1..
I
“7
6.
,
4’
k
%
,
-.-.
I
7.
:I
-
!
8.
T”‘,
Place
a l-foot
seal of bentonite
pellets
in the annular
space on top of the filter
pack.
Fill
the remainder
of annular
space with a sand-cement
grout
composed of two parts dry weight
of sand to one part
of cement with not more than 6 gallons
of clean water per
bag of cement (94 pounds or 1 cubic
foot).
Install
a Sfoot-long,
6-inch
diameter,
steel
protective
casing
3 feet into
the grout.
The protective
casing
should
have a lockable
steel
cap and a padlock.
The above-ground
portions
of both the protective
casing
and the PVC well
casing
should
be vented with
a l/a-inch
hole to permit
the
water in the well to fluctuate
freely.
Install
two a-foot-long,
4-inch
diameter,
black
steel
marker
posts adjacent
to each well.
Bury each marker
post
3 feet and set it in sand-cement;
Paint
the upper 2 feet
of each marker
post day-glo
orange.
Establish
the vertical
elevation
and horizontal
coordinates
of the top of the casing
(cap removed)
to second order
accuracy.
i
i
- -I :
*
screen
if the
It may be necessary
to vary the placement
of the top of the
and the thickness
of the bentonite
seal and the sand-cement
grout
water table
is
less than 5 feet below land surface.
$
.
A-3
..-
---
__I--..--
APPENDIX C
LOGS OF WELL NOS. HP-613 and HP-616
.I
-I
-
i
‘:
p
-
-
.-:.J
-iI
.
-
..;,
.
-
:
_
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-* Sta
-
-*:-
tic’+‘S.d
--
.. .
.
‘C
-1
i
*._
-,
..:
-2
F&i:’
D-D.
,--.
-0
P
*
- 272.0
300 6.P.M.
:
: .’ *
.?L”
-i9
7
i
I
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-
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-0
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-r
-
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-< ‘.
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-
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.,
-
._
-ah
-
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.-.
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-.
-_
3cruen
-
-_
i
:;
-5’
. . ...’
- . ..
.- -
.
-F
..
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.
:
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1.
Scrucn
-
‘.
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‘-
::
-ti
..
Uard
-An
GOCL
-_-0
: f
-i
Sand,
Shell
4 PocL
-cl
,,.:
.
“.
--
-.G
--
:
1
-
:I
-lb
I-
.
-...:
-. .:
5crion -
-0
-
-II
-. - :,./:
‘vz
-
: .
. .
-‘
Screen
Cone PlUtj~' !
HP-613
C-l
__
_ -..
..-
-
~~_~~
. __,I
.--
.__- .--.. .--.---. ~--
..
Sar.
a*
D.D. - 16.5
275 G.P.M.
-_
-/
_ ‘..
*..
< .
:
_
,’
*‘..
.
.
I
,
*’
‘:
-
. .
.
. :
.
.
- .,
.
.
. . .
2
..
I.
_, I<
..
.,
-.
I
. ‘,.
. . . ,
:. .
*a. .:
.
I
I
,
i.,
:
\\
\:.
F
I
1
:\ *
\\
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3
I
.:
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,
i
I
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-- , . .>:.
- :
:
- . ,
i
1
HP-616
c-2
-
y;-
Site
--
3
,,I..
No.:
20
Name:
Naval
Research
Lab
Location:
PWDM Coordinates
10,
Figures
and Photos:
2-1,
6-3
Si.ze :
Less
0.5
acre
Activity:
Incineration
Materials
and Quantity
than
Incinerator
F10
of burnable
Involved:
wastes
Some ash and debris
,
When:
1956 to
-
a
-f
i
3. 1
J
--1
Comments:
Minor
Site
23
No.:
1960
quantities
of wastes
Name:
Roads
and Grounds,
Location:
PWDM Coordinates
Building
and residuals
1105
:
i
5;.
10,
515
.
Figures
and Pinotos:
2-1,
6-3
A.2
I
:
,.-I
Size:
4,400
Activity:
Formerly
Shop
Materials
When:
Comments:
square
and Quantity
1957
to
feet
administration
Involved:
and storage
Pesticide
area
for
and herbicide
Pest
Control
storage
1977
Site of former
pesticide
and herbicide
Storage
Lot 140 (Site
No. 21) at that
pesticide
mixing.
No spills
reported.
storage
and handling.
time was used for
Site
No.:
25
Name:
Base
Location:
PWDM Coordinates
Figures
Incinerator
10,
and Photos:
2-1,
6-3
Size:
Less
0.5
acres
Activity:
Waste
Materials
'When:
than
incineration,
and Quantity
*
1940
-
to
material
Burned
trash
incineration
and melted
glass
1960
No hazardous
Site
26
wastes
Name:
Coal
Location:
PWHM Coordinates
Figures
classified
Involved:
Comments:
No.:
68
Area
Storage
and Photos:
involved
10,
2-1,
L12
6-3
,
Size:
About
Activity:
Fuel
Materials
3 acres
storage
and Quantity
When:
Present
Comments:
Runoff
control
for
Central
Involved:
should
Heating
Coal
storage
be considered
6-104
Plant
runoff
for
this
site.
Site
No.:
Name:
Naval
Location:
PWDM Coordinates
Figures
--..
-. ..,
27
and Photos:
Size:
._
About
Activity:
Shoreline
Materials
W”
Hospital
Area
Rip-Rap
10,
2-1,
H5
6-3
500 feet
of
shoreline
stablization
and Quantity
Involved:
Concrete,
granite
rip-rap
I
I
i
When:
*
to Unknown
Comments:
No hazardous
Site
29
No.:
wastes
Name:
Base Sanitary
Location:
PVDM Coordinates
Figures
li
1970
-
and Photos:
Size:
About
Activity:
Sanitary
involved
Landfill
11,
A12/Bl2-13/Cl2-13/D13
2-l
30 acres
waste
disposal
:
:,. f
Materials
and Ouantity
Involved:
general
trash
Garbage,
construction
debris,
and
*' T
UJ
When:
1972
to
Comments:
Previously
this
site
present
reported
by base
is a current
site
environmental
and permitted.
personnel.
However,
Site
No.:
31
Name:
Engineering
Location:
PWDM Coordinates
Figures
Stockade--G4
and Photos:
Size:
About
Activity:
Dust
Materials
G7-8/H3-8/11-7/Jl-5
1.5 miles
of
roadway
control
Involved:
Waste
1950 to early
-
1970s
Comments:
Minor
of wastes
Site
32
L
No.:
amounts
Name:
Frenchs
Location:
PWDM Coordinates
Figures
About
Activity:
Shoreline
oils
involved
Creek
and Photos:
Size:
Materials
Road
2-1
and Quantity
When:
20,
Range
II,
F3/G3-4/H4
2-l
2,300
feet
of
shoreline
stablization
and Quantity
When:
1973 to
Comments:
No hazardous
Involved:
Rip-rap
dumped
” I
1979
wastes
involved
6-106
Site
No.:
33
a.
-
,
Name:
Onslow
Beach
Road
Location:
PWDM Coordinates
;
19,
Gil-12/Hll-12/112-13/Jl2-13
I.
Figures
c
and Photos:
Size:
Approximately
Activitv:
Dust
Materials
?“‘
2-l
l/2
mile
control
and Quantity
Involved:
Waste
oil
i
:
When:
Unknown
*
- -.
‘3.
1
-
Comments:
Minor
Site
34
No.:
quantities
of wastes
Name:
Ocean
Location:
PWDM Coordinates
410-12
involved
Drive
19,
Ll6-17/M15-16/N14-15/013-14/Pl2-13
“.- .,
i I
&J
v
.
Figures
and Photos:
Size:
About
Activity:
Dust
2-1
2.5 miles
of roadway
_;
5
)
.:..
and cinders
..
control
-f
J
Materials
and Quantity
--When:
Unknown
Comments:
Minor
quantit
Involved:
.ies
Waste
of was tes
6-107
oil
involved
for
dust
control
Site
No.:
37
Name:
Camp Geiger
Location:
PWDM Coordinates
Figures
Area
and Photos:
Size:
About
Surface
12,
2-1,
Dump
Dll-12
6-19
4 acres
-
Activity:
Surface
Materials
disposal
and Quantity
When:
a
1950
-
to
Site
38
wastes
Name:
Camp Geiger
Location:
PWDM Coordinates
2-1,
Size:
Less
0.5
Activity:
Surface
than
Present
Comments:
Appeared
hazardous
garbage,
wood
12,
debris,
branches
Dump
BIO
6-19
acre
disposal
and Quantity
When:
parts,
involved
Construction
and Photos:
Materials
Motor
1951
No hazardous
Figures
of wastes
Involved:
Comments:
No.:
.
of waste
Involved:
materials
Construction
to be a recent
dumping
wastes involved.
of materials.
No known
?
_i
1’ :
6-108
-Site
No.:
--Name:
Camp Geiger
--Location:
PWDM Coordinates
--Figures
: .:
.C.
39
and Photos:
,.
i
L- 1
2-1,
Slab
Dump
B9-lO/C9-10
6-19
1 to
--Acciuity:
Bulldozing
of building
-Materials
and Quantity
Involved:
2 acres
foundations,
Concrete
etc.
slabs
Unknown
e
1
12,
S&e:
When:
m-
Construction
Comments:
m-
Xo hazardous
Site
m-
40
No.:
wastes
--Name:
Camp Geiger
Area
--Location:
PWDM Coordinates
involved
Borrow
Pit
a
1
r, i
.r
.T
i
%:ures
&J
2
3
.’ p
AJ
2-1,
Size:
m-
4 to 5 acres
Activity:
Waste
Materials
..I 9
i!
and Photos:
D4
6-22
disposal
and Ouantity
--When:
1969
Comments:
No hazardous
--
13,
to
Involved:
Auto
Unknown
wastes
involved
6-109
parts,
metal
Site
No.:
42
Name:
Building
Location:
PWDM Coordinates
Figures
and Photos:
BOQ Dump
23,
2-1,
Several
acres
Activity:
Surface
disposal
and Quantity
When:
1950
a
-
to
43
Street
wastes
Name:
Agan
Location:
PWDH Coordinates
and Photos:
About
Materials
tree
stumps,
boards
1960
Site
Activitv:
Trees,
-
No hazardous
Figures
of material
Involved:
Comments:
No.:
DlO
6-25
Size:
..-
Materials
..
705,
Surface
Unknown
Comments:
Wostly
Dump
23,
2-1,
H6-7/16-7
6-25
20 acres
disposal
and Quantity
When:
involved
inert
of materials
Involved:
boards,
material
6-110
trash,
WTP sludge,
fiberglass
Site
No.:
44
. .j
Name:
Jones
Street
Dump
Location:
PWDM Coordinates
23,
L6-7/M6-7
.- ,
Figures
and Photos:
2-1,
6-25
?
’
-I
Size:
Several
Activity:
Waste
Materials
Comments:
1950s
Minor
Site
46
e
-.
disposal
and Quantity
When:
No.:
acres
Involved:
quantities
of
Name:
MCAS Main
Location:
?WDM Coordinates
Figures
and Photos:
Size:
Less
Activity:
Waste
Materials
Gate
2-1,
than
1958
Comments:
No
cloth,
potentially
boards,
hazardous
old
paint
wastes
Dump
23,
OS-9
6-25
1 acre
disposal
and Quantity
When:
Debris,
to
present
involved.
Involved:
Construction
and demolition
debris
1962
evidence
of dump site.
6-111
No hazardous
wastes
cans
Site
No.:
47
Name:
MCAS Rip-Rap
Location:
PWDM Coordinates
Figures
and Photos:
<
Size:
About
Activity:
Shoreline
Materials
Near
23,
2-1,
1,000
Stick
Creek
Bll
6-25
feet
of
shoreline
stablization
and Quantity
Construction
Involved:
and demolition
Unknown
When:
*
Comments:
No hazardous
Site
49
No.:
wastes
Name:
MCAS Suspected
Location:
PWDM Coordinates
Figures
and Photos:
Size:
About
Activity:
Possible
Materials
800
When:
Unknown
Comments:
Minor
Minor
6-25
feet
of
waste
quantities
Dump
23,
2-1,
and Quantity
involved
(X8-19
shoreline
disposal
Involved:
of
Paint
potential
6-112
cans
hazardous
wastes
debris
Site
No.:
50
Name:
XAS
Location:
PWDM Coordinates
Figures
Small-Craft
and Photos:
Size:
About
Activity:
Shoreline
Materials
23,
2-1,
1,000
Rip-Rap
A19-20/B19-20
6-25
feet
of shoreline
stablization
and Quantity
When:
Berthing
Involved:
Demolition
debris,
asphalt,
concrete
Unknown
Comments:
.e
No hazardous
Site
51
No.:
w'astes
Name:
MCAS Football
Location:
PWDM Coordinates
Figures
and Photos:
Field
23,
2-1,
Size :
20 to
30 acres
Activity:
Empty
container
Materials
involved
C21-22/D21-22
6-25
disposal
and Quantity
Involved:
When:
Approximately
1967
Comments:
?linor
quantities
site
Paint
to
cans,
hydraulic
fluid
cans
1968
of hazardous
materials
6-113
_ ..--
___.._
.
.---
Site
No.:
52
Name:
MCAS Direct
Location:
PWDM Coordinates
Figures
Refuel
and Photos:
Size:
23,
2-1,
About
Depot
L19-20/M19-20
6-25
25 acres
._
Refueling
Activity:
Materials
of military
and Quantity
When:
aircraft
for
Aviation
Involved:
about
fuel
1 year
spill,
JP fuels
1971
*
Comments:
Only
Site
53
No.:
used
Name:
MCAS Warehouse
Location:
PWDM Coordinates
Figures
and Photos:
Size:
About
Activity:
Dust
Materials
1970
Comments:
Minor
Building
2-1,
3 miles
23,
minor.
3525 area.
Oiled
roads.
H-Q23-26
6-25
of
roadway
control
and Quantitv
thinners
When:
Quantities
1 year.
to
Involved:
Crankcase
waste
1975
quantities
of residuals
6-114
expected
oils,
JP fuels,
paint
Site
No.:
55
Name:
Air
Location:
PWDM Coordinates
Figures
Station
East
and Photos:
Size:
23,
2-1,
Several
Perimeter
Dump
C29-30
6-25
acres
..
Activity:
Site
Materials
f’
i
i
presently
and Quantity
and telephone
used
as a marina
Involved:
poles
Barrels,
and recreation
tires,
area
trash,
metal
‘I
1
I
---i
\ ;.!
When:
*
1950s
-
to
1960
Comments:
No hazardous
Site
56
No.:
wastes
Name:
MCAS Oiled
Roads
Location:
PWDM Coordinates
involved
to Marina
q
i
h
i
.i
23,
C28-30
<..-.
Figures
and Photos:
2-1,
6-25
a.2
3.
.. i
.o”
,’J
3c
Size:
About
Activity:
Dust
1,500
feet
of roadway
control
Materials
and Quantity
contaminated
When :
1975 to
Comments:
Roads
Involved:
fuels
Crankcase
and waste
oils
unknown
oiled
with
listed
materials
6-115
for
dust
control
and
by MCAS
planking,
Site
No.:
57
Runway
Location:
Figures
36 Dump
PWDM Coordinates
and Photos:
23,
2-1,
E-G/30-32
6-25
Size:
About
Activity:
Possible
disposal
construction
40 to 50 acres
-
site
for
Iand
material
.
removed
for
runway
Debris
When:
1
Comments:
Unknown
No hazardous
wastes
involved
-9
Site
No.:
58
Name:
MCAS Tank
Location:
PWDM Coordinates
Figures
and Photos:
Size:
About
Activity:
Training
Materials
Training
2-1,
Area
23,
D33-39/G33-39
6-25
50 acres
exercises
and Quantity
When:
Unknown
Comments:
NO hazardous
Involved:
wastes
for
tanks
Tank
involved
6-116
and other
parts
armored
and miscellaneous
vehicles
trash
Site
No.:
59
Name:
MCAS Infantry
Location:
PWDM Coordinates
Figures
About
Activity:
Land
Materials
P-T/26-30
6-25
70 acres
clearing
debris
and Quantity
When:
Area
23,
2-1,
and Photos:
Size:
..
Training
disposal
stumps
Involved:
1950s
*
-
Comments:
No hazardous
Site
60
No.:
waste
Name:
EOD K-326
Location:
PWDH Coordinates
Figures
involved
Range
and Photos:
15,
09
2-l
,
Size:
2 to
Activity:
Burning
Materials
4 acres
or detonation
and Quantity
When:
1974
to
Comments:
Site located
to New River.
of
live
ordnance
Burn
Involved:
pits
for
for
disposal
purposes
explosives
present
500 meters
north
of Rhodes
Minor amounts
of residuals
Point
Road,
only.
adjacent
6-117
.-.-------I--
--
---.-
-
--.-_--
.
Site
No.:
61
Name:
Rhodes
Location:
PWDM Coordinates
Figures
Point
and Photos:
Size:
.
8 to
Actiyity:
Disposal
Materials
Road Dump
15,
19
2-1
10 acres
site
and Quantity
for
wastes
Involved:
generated
Bivouac
during
bivouac
exercise
waste
Unknown
When:
L
-
Comments:
Area restricted
involved.
Site
62
No.:
due to war games.
Name:
Race Course
Location:
PWDM Coordinates
Figures
and Photos:
Size:
1 to
Activitv:
Disposal
Materials
Area
No hazardous
wastes
Dump
14,
D8
2-L
2 acres
site
and Ouantity
When:
Unknown
Comments:
Area restricted
involved.
for
wastes
Involved:
generated
Bivouac
bivouac
exercise
waste
due to war games.
6-118
during
No hazardous
wastes
Site
No.:
63
Name:
Vernon
Location:
PNDM Coordinates
Figures
Road Dump
and Photos:
14,
H.5
2-1
Size:
3 to 4 acres
Activity:
Disposal
-
Materials
site
and Quantity
When:
for
wastes
Involved:
generated
Bivouac
during
bivouac
exercises
waste
Unknown
Comments:
i
Area restricted
involved.
Site
64
No.:
due to war games.
Name:-
Marines
Location:
PWDM Coordinates
Figures
Road-- Sneads
and Photos:
Size:
1 acre
Activity:
Fuel
Materials
2-1,
spilled
February
Comments:
Spill
immediately
Spill
115/515
roadside
Involved:
28,
Road Mogas
wastes
6-35
in
and Quantity
When:
17,
Ferry
No hazardous
ditch
Mogas
after
(spillage
vehicle
accident
removed)
1975
remediated
6-119
.
._
-1----
,.
Site
No.:
65
Name :
Engineer
Location:
PWDM Coordinates
Figures
Area
and Photos:
Dump
17,
2-1,
Size:
..
4 to 5 acres
Activity:
Burn
K16
6-35
-
Materials
dump
and Quantity
When:
I
Pre-1958
-
Involved:
No hazardous
Site
66
wastes
Name:
AMTRAC Landing
Locat ion:
PWDM Coordinates
Figures
and Photos:
Size:
About
Activity:
Vehicle
Materials
Burn
area
dump construction
debris
to 1972
Comments:
No.:
.
Site
2-1,
1 square
17,
and Storage
IM/611
mile
during
Involved:
When:
1950s
to present
Comments:
Minor
amounts
Area
6-35
maintenance
and Quantity
involved
Oil
training
spill,
exercises
POL,
and battery
acid
I
of
wastes
6-120
..,-1
,“..I
Site
No.:
67
Name:
Engineers
TNT Burn
Location:
PWDM Coordinates
23,
200 meters
southeast
from the water.
Figures
and Photos:
.Si-ze :
I
Less
Activity:
TNT burning
Materials
and Quantitv
When:
-
than
Involved:
TNT disposal
1351
Site
70
Name:
Oak Grove
Location:
PNDM Coordinates
of the western
About
Activity:
General
were dug and unwanted
TNT was opened and
consumption
of all TNT was reported
during
Field--Surface
and Photos:
Size:
Materials
located
approximately
SBB-159 and about 50 feet
1 acre
2- to 3-foot
pits
burned.
Complete
these procedures.
Figures
A19-20/B19-20;
of Building
2-l
Comments:
No.:
Site
Dump
24, H2/12,
approximately
end of Runway 9-27
2-1,
1400
ft.
northwest
6-37
3 acres
dumping
of
and Ouantity
Involved:
tninner
cans, brake
when:
Early
Comments:
No hazardous
all
sorts
fluid
Cans, bottles,
drums (i.e.,
cans, cleaning
compound)
to mid-1940s
wastes
of garbage
involved
6-121
paint
VICINITY
MAP
HOLF OAK GROVE
-LEGEND070
l 71
072
Field
Surface
Dump
Bhisd
OU~P
Coal Pile
FIGURE
\
ConsuItIng
Envlronmenfol
Enqlnee
I
c
‘I scien’i!
Site
No.:
71
Name:
Oak Grove
Location:
PWDM Coordinates
southwest
end of
Figures
and Photos:
Size:
5 to
Activity:
Disposal
Materials
When:
No.:
2-1,
24, Ll; about
Runway 5-23
1340s
-
site
to
1600
feet
west/southwest
of
the
6-37
10 acres
for
all
municipal
.
and industrial
Paint
thinner,
and drums
brake
type
fluid
wastes
and cleaning
1950s
Site also apparently
used as a war game training
Various
cartridge
casings
found on-site.
Minor
potentially
hazardous
wastes involved.
area.
quantities
of
72
Name:
Oak Grove
Location:
PWDM Coordinates
Figures
and Photos:
Size :
About
Activity:
Coal
Materials
Dump
and Quantity
Involved:
compound cans, bottles,
*
Comments:
Site
Buried
Coal
Pile
24,
2-1,
F6
6-37
1 acre
storage
and Quantity
When:
1940
Comments:
Insignificant
for
heating
Involved:
potential
purposes
Coal
residuals
6-123
_. ..-.-
I-------r‘ny
-____.~~_-_._____.__._..~.-_...--- -.
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