PV Powered PVP260kW Datasheet
PVP250kW & PVP260kW Inverter
INSTALLATION & OPERATION MANUAL
97-600100-28-C
Preface
PV Powered
Contact Information
PV Powered, Inc.
20720 Brinson Blvd.
PO Box 7348
Bend, OR 97708
Tel: 541-312-3832
Technical Support: 1-877-312-3832
Fax: 541-312-3840
www.pvpowered.com
email: [email protected]
Document Copyright
PV Powered PVP250kW & PVP260kW Inverter Installation and Operation Manual
©2011 PV Powered. All rights reserved. This manual may not be reproduced or
distributed without written permission from PV Powered.
i
PREFACE
PV Powered designs, manufactures and markets the solar power industry’s most reliable
photovoltaic solar inverter solutions. We’ve assembled a highly experienced solar power
electronics design team. Our vision is to spur the widespread adoption and success
of solar power, by assisting our distributors, dealers and installers in this dynamic
market while ensuring that our products are the best supported, easiest to install and
most reliable solar inverters in the industry. Our innovative approach to performance
monitoring provides secure and easy access to system performance and inverter status
over the Internet.
ii
Revisions and Certification
For applicability of technical information with your specific product, contact PV Powered
Customer Service and Technical Support at [email protected]
Safety Information and Conventions
Designation of Danger, Warning and Caution
!
!
!
!
!
!
DANGER
The Danger statement is used to inform the installer/operator of a situation
requiring the utmost attention. Failure to heed this warning will result in
serious injury or death to personnel and destruction of equipment.
WARNING
The Warning statement is used to inform the installer/operator of a situation
requiring serious attention. Failure to heed this warning may result in serious
injury or death to personnel and destruction of equipment.
CAUTION
The Caution statement is used to inform the installer/operator of a situation
requiring attention. Failure to heed this Caution may result in injury to
personnel and damage to equipment.
DANGER
La déclaration de danger sert à informer l’installateur/opérateur d’une
situation particulière demandant une attention accrue. Tout manquement au
respect de ces consignes de sécurité est susceptible de causer des blessures
graves ou la mort de personnes et la destruction de matériel.
AVERTISSEMENT
La déclaration de danger sert à informer l’installateur/opérateur d’une
situation particulière demandant une attention accrue. Tout manquement au
respect de ces consignes de sécurité est susceptible de causer des blessures
graves ou la mort de personnes et la destruction de matériel.
PRUDENCE
La déclaration de prudence sert à informer l’installateur/opérateur d’une
situation particulière demandant une attention accrue. Tout manquement au
respect de ces consignes de sécurité est susceptible de causer des blessures au
personnel et la destruction de matériel.
iii
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PVP250kW & PVP260kW Inverter
Installation & Operation Manual
Acronyms and Abbreviations
A/D
Analog to Digital Conversion
ANSI American National Standards Institute
CFM Cubic Feet per Minute
DHCP Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol
DNS
Domain Name Service
DSP Digital Signal Processor
DVI
Digital Video Interface
EMI
Electromagnetic Interference
ESD
Electro Static Discharge
GFDI Ground Fault Detector Interruptor
IEEE Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers
IGBT Insulated Gate Bipolar Transistor
IP
Internet Protocol
LOTO Lockout Tagout
MCM 1000 Circular Mils Utilized in Wire Sizing
MPPT Maximum Power Point Tracking
NEC
National Electric Code
NFPA National Fire Protection Association
PCB
Printed Circuit Board
PLL Phase Lock Loop
PPE
Personal Protective Equipment
PV Photovoltaic
PVM PV Monitoring
PWM Pulse Width Modulation
RMS Root Mean Squared
UL
Underwriter’s Laboratory
VAC
Voltage Alternating Current
VDC Voltage Direct Current
VFD
Vacuum Fluorescent Display
v
vi
Table of Contents
Preface...................................................................................................................................i
Safety Information and Conventions.................................................................................. iii
Acronyms and Abbreviations................................................................................................v
1. Introduction.......................................................................................................................1
1.1 Design Features........................................................................................................1
1.2 Product Characteristics ............................................................................................2
1.3 Product Features.......................................................................................................2
1.4 Major Components and Functional Parts Descriptions............................................3
3. Planning..........................................................................................................................21
3.1 General Requirements............................................................................................21
3.2 Handling ................................................................................................................21
3.3 Location and Clearances.........................................................................................21
3.4 Conduits and Conductors........................................................................................22
3.5 Environmental Requirements.................................................................................23
3.6 Grounding and Neutral Requirements....................................................................23
3.7 Grid Interconnection...............................................................................................25
3.8 Monitoring..............................................................................................................25
3.9 DC Subcombiner (Optional)...................................................................................25
3.10 PV Array Input......................................................................................................26
4. Installation......................................................................................................................27
4.1 Handling and Unpacking........................................................................................27
4.2 Pre-Installation Inspection Steps............................................................................28
4.3 Setting and Anchoring............................................................................................32
4.4 Conduit Entry.........................................................................................................33
4.5 Electrical Connections............................................................................................34
4.6 AC Wiring...............................................................................................................36
4.7 DC Wiring...............................................................................................................41
4.8 Performance Monitoring and Networking..............................................................44
5. Modbus Network Installation.........................................................................................47
5.1 Overview................................................................................................................47
5.2 Modbus Communication Protocol..........................................................................47
5.3 Networking Using the Modbus Option..................................................................47
5.4 Modbus TCP/IP Installation Process......................................................................47
5.5 Modbus TCP/IP Network Configuration Process...................................................48
5.6 Networking Using the Modbus RS-485 Option.....................................................48
5.7 Modbus RS-485 Installation Process......................................................................49
vii
CONTENTS
2. Safety..............................................................................................................................11
2.1 General Safety........................................................................................................11
2.2 Electrical Safety......................................................................................................12
2.3 Personal Safety.......................................................................................................15
2.4 Wiring Requirement...............................................................................................15
2.5 De-energize/Isolation Procedures ..........................................................................18
6. Operation........................................................................................................................63
6.1 Start Up Procedure..................................................................................................63
6.2 Inverter Operating States........................................................................................64
6.3 Display Screens and Display Operation.................................................................67
6.4 Ground Fault Interrupt Device...............................................................................69
6.5 Shutdown Procedure...............................................................................................70
7. Maintenance & Troubleshooting....................................................................................71
7.1 Visual Inspection....................................................................................................71
7.3 Annual Preventative Maintenance..........................................................................71
7.4 Maintaining the Card Cage Air Filter.....................................................................74
7.5 Faults and Warnings...............................................................................................74
7.6 Troubleshooting Faults...........................................................................................76
7.7 Communication PCB Status Light Operation........................................................79
7.8 Controller PCB Status Light Operation..................................................................82
Appendix A - Specifications...............................................................................................83
Appendix B - Wiring Diagram............................................................................................85
Appendix C - Mechanical Drawings..................................................................................87
C.1 PVP250kW/PVP260kW Mechanical Drawings....................................................88
Appendix D - Limits, Fault Codes, Torque Values, and Wire Sizes...................................93
Appendix E - Annual Maintenance Requirements Checklist.............................................99
Appendix F - Efficiency Curves.......................................................................................101
F.1 PVP250kW (600VAC) - Efficiency Curves..........................................................101
F.2 PVP250kW (480VAC) - Efficiency Curves..........................................................102
F.3 PVP260kW (480VAC) - Efficiency Curves..........................................................103
F.4 PVP260kW-LV (480VAC) - Efficiency Curves...................................................104
Index.................................................................................................................................105
Limited Warranty..............................................................................................................109
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PVP250kW & PVP260kW Inverter
Installation & Operation Manual
List of Tables
Table 2-1
Table 2-2
Table 4-1
Table 4-2
Table 5-1
Table 5-2
Table 5-3
Table 5-4
Table 5-5
Table 5-6
Table 5-7
Table 5-8
Table 5-9
Table 5-10
Table 5-11
Table 5-12
Table 5-13
Table 5-14
Table 5-15
Table 5-16
Table 5-17
Table 5-18
Table 5-19
Table 5-20
Table 5-21
Table 5-22
Table 7-1
Table A-1
Table D-1
Table D-2
Table D-3
Table D-4
Table D-5
Table D-6
Table D-7
Table D-8
Table D-9
Table D-10
Table E-1
Inverter Symbols............................................................................................11
Branch Breaker Size Recommendations........................................................18
Branch Breaker Size Recommendations........................................................38
Operational Voltage Ranges per Electrical Panel..........................................38
Maximum Network Length per Modbus Bit Rate.........................................52
Termination Enabled (for End Device)..........................................................52
No Biasing or Termination (Default Setting).................................................53
Biasing Enabled.............................................................................................53
Biasing and Termination Enabled (for End Device)......................................53
Inverter Address Conversion for Switches 1 and 2........................................55
Communications Settings..............................................................................56
Supported Modbus Commands......................................................................56
Format for Read Holding Register, command 03..........................................57
Format for Read Holding Register, response to command 03.......................57
Format for Write Single Register, command 06............................................58
Format for Write Single Register, response to command 06.........................58
Format for Return Slave ID, command 11h...................................................58
Format for Return Slave ID, response to command 11h................................59
Fixed information registers............................................................................59
Inverter Configuration....................................................................................60
Data Registers................................................................................................60
Status and Fault Code Registers....................................................................60
Command Registers.......................................................................................61
Inverter Status (protocol state) Values...........................................................61
Inverter Data Comm Status Word..................................................................62
Data formats for registers..............................................................................62
Status LED Flash Codes................................................................................81
Product Specifications Data...........................................................................84
Voltage and Frequency Limits.......................................................................93
Adjustable Voltage and Frequency Limits.....................................................93
Main Fault Categories....................................................................................94
Drive Faults....................................................................................................94
Voltage Fault (VLT).......................................................................................95
Grid Fault (GRD)...........................................................................................95
Temperature Fault (TMP)..............................................................................96
System Faults (SYS)......................................................................................96
System Warnings............................................................................................97
Subcombiner Wire Sizing and Torque Values................................................97
Annual Maintenance Requirements Checklist...............................................99
ix
List of Figures
Figure 1-1 PVP250kW and PVP260kW Inverters............................................................3
Figure 1-2 Power Module Assembly.................................................................................4
Figure 1-3 Card Cage Assembly........................................................................................4
Figure 1-4 AC Sub Panel...................................................................................................5
Figure 1-5 AC Distribution PCB.......................................................................................6
Figure 1-6 Comm X PCB..................................................................................................7
Figure 1-7 DC Combiner Sub Panel Shown with 16-Circuit Monitoring Subcombiner...7
Figure 1-8 DC Distribution PCB.......................................................................................8
Figure 2-1 Inverter in the De-energized State.................................................................19
Figure 3-1 Inverter Clearances........................................................................................22
Figure 3-2 DC Subcombiner Box Options......................................................................26
Figure 4-1 Busbar Connection and Terminal...................................................................28
Figure 4-2 Screen Check.................................................................................................29
Figure 4-3 Air Deflector Check.......................................................................................29
Figure 4-4 Busbars and Busbar Connection Inspection..................................................29
Figure 4-5 Inspection of Cable Connections...................................................................30
Figure 4-6 Pull Test of Cable Screw Terminal Connection.............................................30
Figure 4-7 Screen Inspection...........................................................................................30
Figure 4-8 Checking the Busbar Connections.................................................................31
Figure 4-9 Fan Inspection................................................................................................31
Figure 4-10 Air Filter Check.............................................................................................32
Figure 4-11 Bottom Entry Gland Plates - DC Side...........................................................34
Figure 4-12 Side Entry Gland Plates - AC Side................................................................34
Figure 4-13 Conduit Hub Installation................................................................................35
Figure 4-14 DC and Phase Inverter Connections..............................................................39
Figure 4-15 Busbar Connections.......................................................................................40
Figure 4-16 DC Subcombiner Configurations...................................................................43
Figure 4-17 T-568B Compliant Ethernet Cable.................................................................44
Figure 4-18 Comm X PCB Ethernet Port Location...........................................................45
Figure 5-1 Comm X PCB in the Data Monitoring Section.............................................50
Figure 5-2 Comm X PCB with Modbus Slave Port Location.........................................50
Figure 5-3 Daisy Chain Layout for RS-485 Network.....................................................51
Figure 5-4 Location of Jumpers J6, J16 and J7 on the Comm X PCB............................54
Figure 5-5 Rotary Switches for Setting the Inverter Number.........................................55
Figure 6-1 AC and DC Disconnect Power ON................................................................64
Figure 6-2 Inverter State Diagram...................................................................................65
Figure 6-3 Display...........................................................................................................67
Figure 6-4 Startup State Screen.......................................................................................67
Figure 6-5 Power Track State Screens.............................................................................67
Figure 6-6 Fault State Screens.........................................................................................68
Figure 6-7 Warning State Screen.....................................................................................68
Figure 6-8 Disabled State Screen....................................................................................68
Figure 6-9 Ground Fault Error Message..........................................................................69
Figure 6-10 AC and DC Disconnect Power OFF..............................................................70
Figure 7-1 Air Intake Hood.............................................................................................73
Figure 7-2 Air Intake Hood in Raised Position for View of
Blower Intake Filters and Brackets............................................................73
Figure 7-3 Card Cage Air Filter.......................................................................................74
Figure 7-4 Example of the Fault Display Screens...........................................................75
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PVP250kW & PVP260kW Inverter
Installation & Operation Manual
Figure 7-5
Figure 7-6
Figure 7-7
Figure C-1
Figure C-2
Figure C-3
Figure C-4
Figure D-1
Figure F-1
Figure F-2
Figure F-3
Figure F-4
Fault Example Screen....................................................................................75
Communications Card with Status LED Lights............................................79
Comm X PCB Lights.....................................................................................80
PVP250kW/PVP260kW Mechanical Drawing - View 1...............................88
PVP250kW/PVP260kW Mechanical Drawing - View 2...............................89
PVP250kW/PVP260kW Mechanical Drawing - View 3...............................90
PVP250kW/PVP260kW Mechanical Drawing - View 4...............................91
AC and DC Bus Landing Hardware with Torque Values..............................98
PVP250kW (600VAC) Efficiency Curves...................................................101
PVP250kW (480VAC) Efficiency Curves...................................................102
PVP260kW (480VAC) Efficiency Curves...................................................103
PVP260kW-LV (480VAC) Efficiency Curves.............................................104
xi
xii
1. Introduction
1.1 Design Features
The PVP250kW, PVP260kW and PVP260kW-LV Inverters are designed to act
exclusively as a grid-tied inverter for photovoltaic (PV) systems. This means the inverter
must be tied to the utility grid and a photovoltaic system in order to operate properly and
it is not suitable for any other applications (such as a battery back-up or wind powered
systems). The inverter contains everything needed to convert the DC voltage generated
by a solar array into AC electrical power. Because the inverter is tied to a local utility
source, if local electrical load exceeds the power generated by the solar array, the
grid automatically supplies the additional electricity needed. Likewise, if the inverter
produces more power than is needed, it feeds the excess power back into the electrical
grid.
This manual provides all the information necessary to successfully install and operate the
PVP250kW and PVP260kW Inverters.
PVP250kW and PVP260kW Models
Two models of the PVP260kW are available: the PVP260kW and the PVP260kW-LV.
The PVP260kW-LV is identical to the PVP260kW except that it is configured for low
voltage 265VDC input.
Throughout the remainder of this manual the models are referred to as the PVP250kW
and the PVP260kW. All information applies to each model unless stated otherwise.
Easy Installation
The PVP250kW and PVP260kW Inverters are built for easy installation. To minimize
installation efforts, these inverters feature an integrated isolation transformer and
integrated AC and DC disconnects in a compact single cabinet. The units can be ordered
with a range of DC subcombiner designs for maximum adaptability for the desired
system operating scheme.
Simple, Innovative Design
The PVP250kW and PVP260kW Inverters are a fully integrated solution with standard
integrated data monitoring. Their modular design enables rapid field service and
upgrades. The inverters can quickly and easily be installed in any preferred location,
indoors or out.
Adaptability
The PVP250kW and PVP260kW Inverters’ DC Maximum Power Point Tracking (MPPT)
range is 295VDC to 595VDC standard, with an optional 265 VDC input on the LV
model. The maximum input voltage is 600VDC.
1
INTRODUCTION
The PVP250kW model inverter can be factory configured with either a three-phase
600VAC or three-phase 480VAC output.
Versatility
The PVP250kW and PVP260kW Inverters are designed for flexibility. They can be used
for a range of commercial applications and they can accommodate most PV system
configurations.
1.2 Product Characteristics
See Appendix A - Specifications for the product specifications information.
1.3 Product Features
The design of the PVP250kW and PVP260kW Inverters includes:
•
Redundant cooling blowers with fault detection
•
Anti-islanding protection
•
EMI input and output filtration
•
Field-selectable voltage and frequency trip points
•
Remote monitoring
Redundant Cooling System
The PVP250kW and PVP260kW Inverters are equipped with a redundant cooling system.
The variable speed blowers with built-in backup capabilities enable the units to remain
fully ventilated even if one of the blowers should fail. Blower status is reported as a
warning shown on the display and through remote monitoring.
Anti-islanding Protection
An advanced anti-islanding monitoring function prevents the inverters from feeding
power to the utility grid in the event of a utility outage.
EMI Input/Output Filters
The PVP250kW and PVP260kW Inverters utilize EMI input and output filters to prevent
electromagnetic interference.
AC Overcurrent Protection
The PVP250kW and PVP260kW Inverters current monitoring system constantly
monitors the AC current within the unit, limiting the inverter current output.
Remote Monitoring in a Dedicated Monitoring Section
All PV Powered commercial inverters come with a standard Ethernet data acquisition
and communications interface module. With a high speed connection, this module can
provide PV system performance data in the following ways:
1. Subscribe to the standard monitoring service on the mypvpower.com web site. This
recommended method allows the user to track the PV system and inverter information online. This secure web site is provided by PV Powered and the Basic Monitoring Service is available to all registered users.
2. Provide data to incentive-based performance monitoring and reporting programs for
third parties.
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PVP250kW & PVP260kW Inverter
Installation & Operation Manual
1.4 Major Components and Functional Parts Descriptions
Air Intake
Hood
Power
Module
Assembly
}
Display
Data
Monitoring
Section
Revenue
Grade Meter
(optional
feature)
DC Sub
Panel
DC
Combiner
Sub Panel
AC Sub
Panel
Figure 1-1 PVP250kW and PVP260kW Inverters
Main Enclosure
The modular design of the inverters makes them easy to access and service. The main
enclosure (Figure 1-1) is comprised of two main sections:
1. The upper compartment contains the power conversion electronics, control Printed
Circuit Boards (PCB), power distribution PCB, power supply and active cooling system. The upper right compartment contains the dedicated data monitoring section.
2. The lower and magnetics compartments house the following:
•
DC Combiner Sub Panel contains the optional fused subcombiner, optional subcombiner monitoring and the positive, negative and ground bars.
•
DC Sub Panel with integrated DC ground fault detector interrupter PCB and DC
disconnects.
•
AC Sub Panel with AC output filtering, surge protection and AC connection
points.
•
Magnetics Compartment contains the isolation transformer and inductors.
Power Module Assembly
The inverters use Insulated Gate Bipolar Transistors (IGBTs) for converting DC power
into three-phase AC power. The inverters are protected by over-current, over-voltage and
over-temperature detection controls. If a protection system is activated, the power module
will cease power conversion and send an interrupt signal to the Digital Signal Processor
(DSP).
3
}
Card Cage Assembly
Figure 1-2 Power Module Assembly
Controller PCB
I/O PCB
Power Distribution PCB
Communications PCB
Figure 1-3 Card Cage Assembly
The Card Cage Assembly (Figure 1-3) is designed to enable fast and easy service and
also acts as an EMI shield to ensure signal integrity on the following four PCBs:
1. Communications PCB – Provides serial, internet and Modbus communications.
2. Power Distribution PCB – Distributes the required logic level voltages for use
throughout the inverter.
3. Controller PCB – Contains a powerful DSP that controls sine wave generation, logic
functions and protection activities. All analog and digital inputs and outputs are
routed to the Control PCB and fed to the DSP.
4. I/O PCB – Provides a central location for a range of input, output and control circuits.
4
PVP250kW & PVP260kW Inverter
Installation & Operation Manual
The DSP is very efficient at computing control and signal processing tasks. The DSP also
has built-in on-chip peripherals that include a Pulse Width Modulation (PWM) driver,
Analog to Digital (A/D) converters and other related features.
Active Cooling
The inverters come with blowers which activate as needed to keep the internal
components within preset temperature limits. These blowers are located under the air
intake hood of the inverter.
Housekeeping Transformer
The housekeeping transformer, located in the bottom left of the AC sub panel, is a voltage
conversion device that transforms 480VAC to 120VAC for use within the inverter.
Isolation Transformer
The inverter comes equipped with an integral isolation transformer (Figure 1-1, Rear
View). The isolation transformer is designed for class-leading inverter efficiency.
Inductor
The inductor (Figure 1-1, Rear View) is used to filter the AC waveform generated by the
power module, effectively reducing high frequency noise.
AC Sub Panel
The AC landing, filtering and sense fusing takes place in the AC sub panel (Figure
1-4). The AC sub panel also includes the main load-rated transformer contactors, AC
disconnect, surge modules and the soft-start circuit.
AC Disconnect
AC Surge Modules
Main Contactor
Soft Start Contactor
AC Line Filter
Soft Start and AC Sense Fuses
AC Distribution PCB
Soft Start Resistors
AC Landing Busbars (3)
Figure 1-4 AC Sub Panel
5
AC Distribution PCB
The AC Distribution PCB (Figure 1-5) is located on the AC sub panel. The AC
Distribution PCB contains:
•
Soft-start circuitry
•
Fusing for the soft-start circuit
•
Fusing for the AC Sense Circuit and 48 VDC power supply
•
Fusing for the optional 24 VDC balance of system power supply
Soft Start Fuses
Power Supply Fuses (optional)
AC Sense & DC Power
Supply Fuses
Figure 1-5 AC Distribution PCB
Comm X PCB
The Comm X PCB (Figure 1-6) is located in the Data Monitoring Section in the front
upper right of the inverter. The Comm X PCB includes the RJ45 Ethernet port that is used
to connect the inverter to the internet. The Comm X PCB also includes a Modbus master
port (not enabled), a Modbus slave port and a DVI port that is used to connect the Comm
X PCB to the main Communications PCB. A serial port is available for PV Powered
service use only.
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PVP250kW & PVP260kW Inverter
Installation & Operation Manual
Modbus Address Switch
1 (upper)
Modbus Address Switch
2 (lower)
Factory Use Only
Master Jumpers
Ethernet Port
Slave Jumpers
Modbus Output (slave)
Modbus Output
(master)
(Not enabled)
Figure 1-6 Comm X PCB
DC Sub Panel
This panel houses the DC disconnect, DC distribution PCB, fuses and integrated fused
subcombiner box.
DC Positive Busbar
Analog to Digital
Converter for Sub
Array Monitoring
(optional)
DC Disconnect
DC Line Filter
CT for Sub Array
Monitoring
(Optional)
DC Contactor
Fused Subcombiner
(Optional)
DC Negative Busbar
Figure 1-7 DC Combiner Sub Panel Shown with
16-Circuit Monitoring Subcombiner
7
DC Combiner Sub Panel
The inputs from the PV array are landed in the DC Combiner sub panel. This sub panel
includes the positive, negative and ground busbars. Optional fused subcombiner and
subcombiner monitoring are also located in the DC Combiner Sub Panel if selected.
DC Distribution PCB
The DC Distribution PCB is located on the DC sub panel. It includes the DC voltage
sensing and DC soft start circuit. The DC Distribution PCB also houses the GFDI
(Ground Fault Detector/Interrupter) circuit. The purpose of the GFDI is to detect a ground
fault (unintended current flow from the solar panels to earth ground) and in the event of a
ground fault, stop AC power production.
Figure 1-8 DC Distribution PCB
!
!
WARNING
Risk of Electrical Shock. The GFDI functions using a 5A fuse to connect or
bond the solar array Negative (or the solar array Positive, if using a positively
grounded panel array) to earth ground on the DC Distribution PCB.
AVERTISSEMENT
Risque d’électrocution. Le GDFI utilise un fusible de 5A pour connecter le
pôle négatif du réseau de photopiles (ou le pôle positif, si un réseau est mis à
la masse positivement) à la terre sur le PCB de distribution de courant direct.
If the ground fault current exceeds 5A between the grounded array terminal and the earth
ground, the Ground Fault Detector Interrupter (GFDI) fuse will open and disconnect the
solar panels from their ground reference, interrupting the ground fault. In this situation,
the inverter will cease operation, display a fault message and the LED on the DC
Distribution PCB will illuminate red. If a GFDI current of 3-5A exists, the inverter will
indicate a ground fault warning.
8
PVP250kW & PVP260kW Inverter
Installation & Operation Manual
Operator Interface Controls/Vacuum Fluorescent Display
The Vacuum Fluorescent Display (VFD) provides multiple information screens to the
user.
Views and Basic Block Diagram of the Inverter
See “Appendix C - Mechanical Drawings” for multiple views of the inverter.
9
10
2. Safety
2.1 General Safety
IMPORTANT SAFETY INSTRUCTIONS: This product has been engineered and
manufactured to ensure your personal safety. Improper use may result in potential
electrical shock or burns. Read and follow all instructions for installation, use and
servicing of this product. Read all safety warnings before installing or operating the
inverter.
CONSIGNES IMPORTANTES DE SÉCURITÉ : Ce produit a été conçu et fabriqué
pour garantir la sécurité maximale des personnes. Une utilisation incorrecte est
susceptible de causer une électrocution ou des brulures. Lisez attentivement et suivez
à la lettre les instructions d’installation, d’exploitation et de maintenance de ce
produit. Lisez toutes les consignes de sécurité avant d’installer ou de mettre en route
l’onduleur.
SAVE THESE INSTRUCTIONS: This manual contains important instructions for the
PVP250kW and PVP260kW Inverters that must be followed during installation and
maintenance of the inverters.
CONSERVEZ CES INSTRUCTIONS : Ce manuel comprend des informations
importantes concernant les procédures d’installation et de maintenance des modèles
d’onduleur PVP250kW et PVP260kW.
Symbols Utilized within the Inverter
Item Type
Symbol
Direct Current Supply
S
Phase
or
Equipment Grounding Conductor
On or Off
Table 2-1 Inverter Symbols
Equipment Precaution/ Warning Labels
Observe all warning decals, placards and symbols posted within the inverter for safe
operation.
11
SAFETY
Alternating Current Supply
Handling, Service and Maintenance
Only qualified personnel should perform the transportation, installation and initial
operation and maintenance of the inverters in accordance with NEC ANSI/NFPA 70,
as well as all state and local code requirements. Follow all national and state accident
prevention regulations.
!
!
!
!
WARNING
Crush Hazard. The inverter has a specific balance point that correlates to their
Center of Gravity. While the units meet UL1741 and CSA 107.1-1. Stability
tests, they should not be tipped beyond 10o of tilt, as the unit could topple over
and crush anyone trapped underneath.
AVERTISSEMENT
Risque d’écrasement. ‎L’onduleur est équilibré en fonction d’emplacements
correspondant à son centre de gravité. Bien que l’unité soit conforme aux
essais de stabilité UL1741 et CSA 107.1-1, elle ne doit pas être penchée à un
angle de plus de 10º qui provoquerait un renversement susceptible d’écraser
toute personne se trouvant à proximité.
WARNING
Risk of Amputation. The inverter contains a pair of high volume blowers
capable of high rotational speeds. Do not operate the inverter without the air
intake hood in place. Keep away from unguarded blower blades.
AVERTISSEMENT
Risque d’amputation. L’onduleur est équipé de deux ventilateurs de haut
débit capables de vitesses rotationnelles élevées. Ne faites pas fonctionner
l’onduleur sans les capots d’arrivée d’air. Maintenez-vous à distance des
lames du ventilateur.
2.2 Electrical Safety
Islanding Prevention - Electrical Safety Features
The inverters are designed for safety, reliability and efficiency. Power for the inverters’
control circuitry is drawn from the utility grid. This ability, along with an advanced antiislanding scheme, ensures power can never be generated during a utility grid failure. The
isolation transformer guarantees isolation of the utility grid and PV modules. The inverter
also incorporates an integral ground fault detector/interrupter (GFDI) circuit.
!
DANGER
Risk of Electrical Shock. High voltages are present within the inverter
cabinet. Both AC and DC disconnects must be in the OFF position when
working on the unit. Wait five minutes to discharge high voltage before
opening the front panels of the inverter.
12
PVP250kW & PVP260kW Inverter
Installation & Operation Manual
!
!
!
!
!
!
!
!
DANGER
Risque d’électrocution. L’intérieur de l’onduleur est soumis à des hautes
tensions. Les interrupteurs de courant alternatif et continu doivent être mis
HORS TENSION durant les travaux sur l’unité. Attendez cinq minutes afin
de permettre la décharge du courant haute tension avant de démonter les
panneaux avant de l’onduleur.
DANGER
Risk of Electrical Shock. When exposed to light, PV arrays create electrical
energy that could cause a hazardous condition.
DANGER
Risque d’électrocution. Lorsqu’elles sont exposées à la lumière, les piles
photovoltaïques génèrent un courant électrique susceptible de causer des
conditions dangereuses.
DANGER
Risk of Electrical Shock. Before connecting the inverter to the electrical
utility grid, your utility company must grant approval. Only qualified
electricians should make the connection to the utility grid.
DANGER
Risque d’électrocution. L’autorisation officielle de votre compagnie locale
d’électricité est requise avant de brancher l’onduleur sur le réseau public. Seul
le personnel qualifié est autorisé à brancher le dispositif sur le réseau public
d’électricité.
CAUTION
Risk of Electrical Shock. All electrical installations should be accomplished
in accordance with the National Electrical Code (NEC), ANSI/NFPA 70,
or applicable state or local standards. Installations in Canada should be in
accordance with the Canadian Electrical Code or applicable provincial or
local standards.
PRUDENCE
Risque d’électrocution. Toutes les installations électriques doivent être Risque
d’électrocution. Toutes les installations électriques devraient être effectuées
conformément au code national de l’électricité (CNE), à la norme ANSI/
NFPA 70, ou aux normes applicables de l’état ou locales. Les installations au
Canada devraient être effectuées conformément au code électrique canadien
ou aux normes applicables provinciales ou locales.
WARNING
Risk of Burn. The inverter components can become extremely hot during
normal operation. Use caution when working around the heat sink area.
13
!
!
!
AVERTISSEMENT
Risque de brulure. Certaines parties de l’onduleur peuvent atteindre des
températures considérables durant une exploitation normale. Soyez prudent
durant les travaux autour du puits thermique.
WARNING
Risk of Damage to Equipment. The inverter contains Electro Static Discharge
(ESD) sensitive circuitry. Discharge any static charge potential, by touching
bare skin to earth ground, prior to contacting any internal components.
AVERTISSEMENT
Risque d’endommagement matériel. L’onduleur est équipé de circuits
sensibles aux décharges d’électricité statique (DES). Déchargez toute
accumulation d’électricité statique en mettant la peau nue en contact direct
avec la terre avant de toucher un composant interne.
Disconnect Switches
The unit is equipped with both AC and DC Disconnect (power OFF) switches to stop
power conversion within the inverter unit. Before accessing the interior of the cabinet,
these switches must be in the off position. Since these disconnects only stop power
conversion within the unit, both the DC (photovoltaic array) and AC (utility grid) circuits
must be isolated in order to fully ensure the inverter is de-energized. See section 2.5 Deenergize/Isolation Procedures for information on how to perform this task.
!
!
!
!
DANGER
AC and DC voltages will still be present at the inverter AC and DC landing
points unless utility connection circuit breaker and PV array inputs are
disconnected.
DANGER
Les voltages alternatifs et continus seront toujours présents aux points de
contact CA et CC de l’onduleur à moins que les disjoncteurs du réseau public
et que les alimentations des piles PV ne soient débranchés.
DANGER
Risk of Electrical Shock. Allow five (5) minutes for internal power to
dissipate prior to entering the enclosure cabinet. Ensure all terminals are
voltage free with the use of a multimeter.
DANGER
Risque d’électrocution. Laissez passer cinq (5) minutes afin de permettre
la dissipation du courant interne avant d’ouvrir les panneaux du dispositif.
Utilisez un multimètre sur toutes les bornes afin de confirmer l’absence de
courant.
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PVP250kW & PVP260kW Inverter
Installation & Operation Manual
2.3 Personal Safety
Safety Zone
Ensure any personnel entering a safety zone within a four foot area around any operating
inverter wear appropriate Personal Protective Equipment (PPE) as mandated by national,
state and local authorities.
Medical and First Aid Treatment
Personnel working in and around operating power generation equipment should be
trained in Arc Flash Hazard, Fire Extinguisher selection and use, First Aid, Cardio
Pulmonary Resuscitation (CPR) and Automated External Defibrillator (AED) use (if
available).
Safety Equipment
Minimum Requirements
Authorized service personnel performing operations on this unit should have the
following available:
•
Consult NFPA 70E, or applicaple local standards, for PPE requirements on switch
gear operating at less than 600V
•
Electrical Hazard Footwear (ANSI Z41/Z85 rated)
•
Lock Out Tag Out (LOTO) Kit
•
Appropriate meter to verify the circuits are safely de-energized (1000VAC and DC
rated, minimum)
•
Any other equipment as applicable to your operation as required by national, state
and local regulations
2.4 Wiring Requirement
!
WARNING
In accordance with the NEC and ANSI/NFPA70 or applicable Canadian
Electrical Code, connect only to a circuit with a properly rated maximum
branch circuit overcurrent protection. Recommended ratings are:
Model
480VAC
600VAC
PVP250kW
400A
350A
PVP260kW
400A
N/A
PVP260kW-LV
400A
N/A
15
!
AVERTISSEMENT
Conformément au code national de l’électricité et à la norme ANSI/NFPA70,
ou au code électrique canadien applicable, l’installation électrique ne doit se
faire que sur un circuit équipé d’un circuit de dérivation de protection contre
les surintensités calibré correctement. Les spécifications recommandées sont
les suivantes:
Model
480VAC
600VAC
PVP250kW
400A
350A
PVP260kW
400A
N/A
PVP260kW-LV
400A
N/A
Fire and Explosion Prevention
Care must be exercised when installing DC and AC hookups within the inverter. Follow
all instructions in this manual to ensure proper and safe operation of this unit.
!
!
DANGER
Risk of Electrical Shock. In the event of a fire, disconnect power to the
inverter and do not attempt to use a water based fire extinguisher. Utilize only
a Class C extinguisher rated for electrical fire.
DANGER
Risque d’électrocution. Dans l’éventualité d’un incendie, débranchez
l’onduleur du secteur et n’utilisez pas d’extincteur à base aqueuse. Utilisez
uniquement les extincteurs de classe C conçus pour combattre les feux
électriques.
Wiring Information
All wiring methods and materials shall be in accordance with the NEC and ANSI/NFPA
70 as well as all state and local code requirements. Installations in Canada should be in
accordance with the Canadian Electrical Code or applicable provincial or local standards.
Use only conductors with an insulation rating of 90oC (minimum).
The inverters are interfaced with the DC photovoltaic array in the DC Combiner sub
panel which includes a positive, negative and grounded busbar. The PV array is grounded
internally by means of the GFDI.
!
DANGER
Do not connect the PV negative or positive conductors to the ground busbars
provided. The PV array is grounded through the integral GFDI. Connecting
the PV array positive or negative conductors to ground at any other point in
the system would defeat the ground fault protection circuit.
16
PVP250kW & PVP260kW Inverter
Installation & Operation Manual
!
DANGER
Ne branchez pas les conducteurs photovoltaïques positifs ou négatifs à la
barre omnibus de mise à la terre fournie. Les piles PV sont mises à la terre
grâce au GFDI intégral. Mettre les conducteurs positifs ou négatifs à la terre à
tout autre point du système ne permettrait pas au circuit de protection contre
les mises à la masse défectueuses de fonctionner normalement.
The inverters can also be ordered with an optional fused subcombiner. The standard
busbar has two rows of 3/8” holes for lug connections. The fused subcombiners have
individual input terminals for each fuse block. These terminals require the use of a torque
wrench to properly install the chosen interface cables. For proper torque values of DC
subcombiner box wire mounting hardware, see Appendix D - Limits, Fault Codes, Torque
Values, and Wire Sizes.
The inverters are factory configured with either a three-phase 480VAC or three-phase
600VAC output (PVP260kW is 480VAC only). The inverter is interfaced with the utility
grid at the AC landing within the AC section on the front right side of the inverter. These
terminals require the use of a UL-approved crimp-on type ring terminal or a UL-approved
compression type lug certified for use with the chosen interface cables. Ensure similar
cables run together in conduit runs and through gland plates, which allows any inductive
currents produced to be cancelled out. For proper torque values of terminal lugs mounting
hardware, see Appendix D - Limits, Fault Codes, Torque Values, and Wire Sizes.
!
!
CAUTION
Risk of Equipment Damage. There shall be no connection of the AC Neutral
terminals (H0 and X0) on the main transformer. These connections shall be
left floating.
PRUDENCE
Risque d’endommagement matériel. Aucun branchement ne doit être effectué
sur les bornes neutres de CA (H0 et X0) du transformateur principal. Ces
bornes doivent être libres de tout branchement.
This equipment is intended to be installed as part of a permanently grounded electrical
system as per the NEC (Canadian Electrical Code for Canada) and ANSI/NFPA 70 or
applicable state or local standards. A copper clad earth grounding electrode must be
installed within three feet (one meter) of the unit. The AC ground busbar located in the
AC section, lower front cabinet, must be used as the single point connection to the earth
grounding electrode for the inverter system.
AC overcurrent protection for the utility interconnect (grid-tied) must be provided by
installers as part of the installation. The following overcurrent protection device ratings
are recommended:
17
480VAC
600VAC
PVP250kW
Model
400A
350A
PVP260kW
400A
N/A
PVP260kW-LV
400A
N/A
Table 2-2 Branch Breaker Size Recommendations
2.5 De-energize/Isolation Procedures
!
!
!
!
DANGER
AC and DC voltages will still be present at the inverter AC and DC landing
points unless utility connection circuit breaker and PV array inputs are
disconnected.
DANGER
Les voltages alternatifs et continus seront toujours présents aux points de
contact CA et CC de l’onduleur à moins que les disjoncteurs du réseau public
et que les alimentations des piles PV ne soient débranchés.
DANGER
Risk of Electrical Shock. Allow five (5) minutes for internal power to
dissipate prior to entering the enclosure cabinet. Ensure all terminals are
voltage free with the use of a multimeter.
DANGER
Risque d’électrocution. Laissez passer cinq (5) minutes afin de permettre
la dissipation du courant interne avant d’ouvrir les panneaux du dispositif.
Utilisez un multimètre sur toutes les bornes afin de confirmer l’absence de
courant.
De-energize
The following procedure should be followed to de-energize the inverter for maintenance:
1. Turn the ON/OFF switch on the front display to the OFF position.
2. Position the AC Disconnect lever to the OFF position as shown in Figure 2-1.
3. Position the DC Disconnect lever to the OFF position as shown in Figure 2-1.
4. Open the utility connection circuit breaker (not shown) or overcurrent protection
device (breaker or disconnect).
5. Disconnect the PV using the external PV disconnect (not shown).
6. Install LOTO devices on the equipment as necessary to comply with LOTO requirements.
18
PVP250kW & PVP260kW Inverter
Installation & Operation Manual
ON/OFF Switch
in OFF Position
DC Disconnect
in Power OFF
Position
AC Disconnect
in Power OFF
Position
Figure 2-1 Inverter in the De-energized State
19
20
3. Planning
3.1 General Requirements
Installation of this equipment should only be performed by qualified technicians.
Installers must meet all local and state code requirements for licensing and training for
the installation of Electrical Power Systems with AC and DC voltages to 600 volts.
The inverter must be anchored to a concrete pad. The mounting pad must meet local
seismic requirements. See Appendix C - Mechanical Drawings for concrete pad
mounting specifications.
Planning
Planning for a system requires complete understanding of the processes involved to
successfully install the inverters and meet all required local, state and national codes.
3.2 Handling
Inverters weigh up to 5,200 pounds with their pallet and packaging. If the inverter is
improperly handled serious damage can occur and the warranty may be voided. Only
use lifting equipment, a forklift or pallet jack, that is rated for the weight of the inverter.
Only use the specified lifting points. Leave the inverter on its shipping pallet with the
protective plastic wrap in place until it is time to install.
3.3 Location and Clearances
Location
Select a suitable location to install the inverter. The inverter must be installed on a flat,
solid surface, such as a concrete pad. The inverter should be located as close to the array
as possible to minimize the DC wire length.
Inverters are capable of emitting high frequency switching noise and should be located
away from noise sensitive areas that are populated by people or animals.
Clearances
Rear – A rear clearance of two (2) inches is required behind the inverter to allow room
for full opening of the air intake hood.
21
PLANNING
Left and Right Sides – PV Powered recommends providing a minimum of 12 inches of
clearance on one side of the inverter and 36 inches on the other side (working clearances
must also comply with NEC 110.26 or applicable Canadian Electrical Code) to allow
access to the external mounting flanges. The installer may select which side has a 36
inch clearance. The 36 inches will provide future access to the magnetics section for
retorquing bolts and thermal scans of connections. However, the 36 inches on the side
is not a NEC setback requirement. 12 inches on each side is an acceptable installation
practice.
Front – A front clearance of three (3) feet is required to open and maintain the unit per
NEC 110.26 or applicable Canadian Electrical Code.
Top – A top clearance of 18 inches above the air intake hood is required to maintain the
filters and blowers.
Clearances are shown in the figure below.
2 inches Clearance
Required Behind
Unit
18 inches
12 or 36
inches
12 or 36
inches
3 feet
1. Only one side, right or left, is recommended to have the full 36”clearance while the remaining side must
have 12”. The above example demonstrates 12” on the left with 36” on the right side. This allows access
to the magnetics section for retorquing bolts and thermal scan of connections. This is not an NEC setback
requirement and 12” on each side is an acceptable installation practice.
Figure 3-1 Inverter Clearances
3.4 Conduits and Conductors
All the external conduits and conductors are to be supplied by the installer. See Appendix
C - Mechanical Drawings for inverter gland plate locations. The gland plates must be in
place for operation of the inverter.
All interconnect wiring and power conductors interfacing to the inverter must be in
accordance with the NEC and ANSI/NFPA 70 or applicable state or local standards.
Installations in Canada should be in accordance with the Canadian Electrical Code or
applicable provincial or local standards.
Large gauge wire must conform to the minimum bend radius specified in the NEC,
Article 373-6B, Ninth Edition and all applicable local codes.
All conductors shall be rated for 90oC (minimum).
External Cable Interfaces: Entry through bottom or side gland plates. See Appendix C Mechanical Drawings for details.
22
PVP250kW & PVP260kW Inverter
Installation & Operation Manual
3.5 Environmental Requirements
The unit may be installed either indoors or outdoors. If the installation of the inverter is
outdoors, all interconnect conduit and fittings must be rated NEMA 4 (same as inverter
rating) as required by the NEC. For hot locations a shade structure should be placed over
the unit in order to reduce thermal stress and extend the product’s life.
Inverter power output will be de-rated for ambient temperatures in excess of 50°C/122°F.
Clearances: Front = 3 feet, Rear = 2 inches, Sides = 12 or 36 inches, Top = 18 inches.
Cooling Air Requirements: The maximum cooling air flow rate is 2300 CFM. No external
intake or exhaust air ports in the building are required if volume needs are met.
The maximum heat rejection rate is 41,000 BTU/hr.
3.6 Grounding and Neutral Requirements
PV Array Frame Grounding
The inverter incorporates an integral GFDI device. The PV array safety ground (frame
ground) may be attached to the grounding busbar provided. The grounding busbar is
located below the DC sub panel in the front left of the inverter cabinet. The PV array is
grounded internally by means of the GFDI.
!
!
DANGER
Do not connect the PV negative or positive conductors to the ground busbars
provided. The PV array is grounded through the integral GFDI. Connecting
the PV array positive or negative conductors to ground at any other point in
the system would defeat the ground fault protection circuit.
DANGER
Ne branchez pas les conducteurs photovoltaïques positifs ou négatifs à la
barre omnibus de mise à la terre fournie. Les piles PV sont mises à la terre
grâce au GFDI intégral. Mettre les conducteurs positifs ou négatifs à la terre à
tout autre point du système ne permettrait pas au circuit de protection contre
les mises à la masse défectueuses de fonctionner normalement.
The inverter is shipped pre-configured with positive or negative PV array grounding
based on the preference provided at the time of order.
23
!
!
CAUTION
The inverter may be factory configured for either positive or negative ground.
It may NOT be field configured to a different grounding once it is shipped
from the factory. To identify if your inverter is configured for positive or
negative ground read the label next to the DC landing busbar. Verify that the
grounding configuration matches your installation grounding plan. If you
need to reconfigure the ground, contact PV Powered for assistance. DO NOT
ground either DC lead at the time of installation. This will defeat the integral
GFDI circuit.
PRUDENCE
L’onduleur est susceptible d’être configuré en usine pour une mise à la
masse positive ou négative. Une fois que l’unité est expédiée de l’usine, la
configuration de mise à la masse ne doit EN AUCUN CAS être changée sur
les lieux d’installation. Pour vérifier si la configuration de masse est positive
ou négative, référez-vous à l’étiquette localisée à côté de la barre omnibus
CC. Assurez-vous que la configuration de masse correspond à la polarité
planifiée de votre installation. Si vous devez reconfigurer la masse, contactez
PV Powered pour obtenir une assistance technique. NE BRANCHEZ AUCUN
fil CC à la masse durant l’installation. Ceci ne empêcherait le circuit GFDI de
fonctionner normalement.
System Neutral
!
!
WARNING
The AC output/neutral must not be bonded to ground within the equipment.
AVERTISSEMENT
La sortie et le neutre CA ne doivent pas être branchés à la masse à l’intérieur
du dispositif.
NOTE: The inverter has been certified to UL1741 and CSA 107.1-1 for installation
without a neutral conductor. Do NOT pull a neutral conductor from the AC
service panel to the inverter.
Tools Required
The following tools are required to complete the installation of the inverter:
•
9/16 inch socket wrench
•
9/16 inch open-ended wrench
•
3/8 inch, 3/16 inch, 5/16 inch and 5/32 inch Allen wrenches (Allen wrench adaptor
for a socket wrench recommended)
•
Digital multimeter (1000V rated)
•
1/4 inch flat blade (common) screwdriver
24
PVP250kW & PVP260kW Inverter
Installation & Operation Manual
•
#1 and #2 Phillips screwdriver
•
Wire strippers
•
Utility knife
•
0-120 inch/pound torque wrench
•
0-50 foot/pound torque wrench
•
600 volt rated fuse puller/pliers
•
Tools for installing anchor bolts
•
RJ45 crimping tool (if making a custom CAT5 cable)
3.7 Grid Interconnection
Utility Connection Requirements
Review all NEC 690 or applicable state or local standards. NEC 690 has specific
requirements for the size of the electrical service and the amount of current that is
allowed to be fed into the panel by the inverter. Installations in Canada should be in
accordance with the Canadian Electrical Code or applicable provincial or local standards.
Contact your Local Utility
Contact your electrical utility before connecting the inverter to ensure there are no local
restrictions or special requirements. Your local utility company may require specific
inspections, equipment, or other procedures not covered in this document.
Voltage Outputs
This inverter was designed to be connected to three phase power. The AC output voltage
will be for either a 480VAC or 600VAC in Y (WYE) configuration. Do not attempt to
change the output voltage of the inverter.
AC and DC power requirements are shown in Appendix A - Specifications.
3.8 Monitoring
The inverter is equipped with a Data Monitoring Module that can be used to post data
to the internet via a broadband Ethernet connection or by connecting to a local Modbus
network via RS-485. To use the Modbus communications option refer to Chapter 5,
Modbus Network Installation. To connect the Data Monitoring Module to the site’s
LAN, refer to section 4.6 Performance Monitoring and Networking. For instructions
on installing and using the Data Monitoring Module, or if your site does not have a
broadband Ethernet connection available, contact PV Powered Customer Service and
Technical Support at 1-877-312-3832 for assistance.
3.9 DC Subcombiner (Optional)
The inverter comes with standard positive and negative busbars for landing DC inputs
from the PV array. Optional eight, 16 and 20 circuit internal subcombiner boxes are
available as shown in the figure below. In addition, the eight and 16 circuit subcombiners
can be ordered with monitoring on each input circuit.
25
8 Circuit Option
16 Circuit Option
8 Circuit with
Monitoring Option
20 Circuit Option
16 Circuit with
Monitoring Option
Figure 3-2 DC Subcombiner Box Options
No Fuse Option
It is the responsibility of the installer to provide proper fuse protection for the DC input
circuit if an optional fused subcombiner is not selected.
3.10 PV Array Input
The PV array open circuit voltage should never exceed 600 volts. The PV Powered
web site at renewables.advanced-energy.com/StringCalculator.aspx includes a string
calculator. Contact your system installer or PV Powered if you require additional
assistance.
26
4. Installation
This section describes the required safe handling and unpacking procedures for the
PVP250kW and PVP260kW Inverters. Always follow the recommendations in this
section to prevent accidental damage or injury.
WARNING
!
Heavy Equipment. PVP250kW and PVP260kW Inverters weigh up to 5,200
pounds with pallet and packaging. If the inverter is lifted incorrectly, it may
result in death. In addition, improper handling may result in serious damage
to the inverter and may also void the warranty. Keep all doors securely closed
while moving the inverter. Only use lifting equipment that is rated for the
weight of the inverter. Only use the specified lifting points.
AVERTISSEMENT
!
Équipement lourd. Les onduleurs de modèles PVP250kW et PVP260kW,
les palettes les supportant et leur emballage pèsent un maximum de 2 270
kg. Un levage incorrect de l’onduleur peut entrainer la mort. De plus, une
manipulation inadéquate est susceptible d’endommager gravement l’unité et
d’annuler la garantie. Assurez-vous que toutes les portes sont bien fermées
avant de déplacer l’onduleur. Utilisez seulement un équipement homologué
pour lever l’onduleur. Utilisez seulement les points de levage spécifiés.
Handling
The inverter can be handled using a forklift or pallet jack that is rated to handle a
minimum of 5,000 pounds.
To unload the inverter from the delivery vehicle onsite:
•
Lift and move the inverter using the shipping pallet. Do not penetrate the packaging
or use the inverter base for unloading.
Leave the inverter on its shipping pallet with its protective plastic wrap in place
to alleviate any UV concerns if it is stored outside, until it is time to install.
When the inverter is ready to be placed in its mounting location, complete the following
steps:
1. Remove the protective plastic wrap.
2. Remove all bolts that anchor the inverter to the pallet.
3. Plan for a safe move by first considering the inverter’s center of gravity.
Note: The center of gravity is toward the back, lower third of the inverter and
centered side to side. See Appendix C - Mechanical Drawings to view the center
of gravity location.
27
INSTALLATION
4.1 Handling and Unpacking
4. Lift the inverter off the pallet using the forklift slots on the front or back. The left and
right fork slots are not designed for lifting the inverter and may only be used for fine
adjustments where the inverter’s full weight will not be lifted from a single side.
The front and back of the inverter base each have two fork slots that are 7.5”
wide and 26.5” apart on center. The left and right sides of the inverter base each
have two fork slots that are 7.5” wide and 21” apart on center.
4.2 Pre-Installation Inspection Steps
Before placing and installing the inverter, it should be inspected to identify possible
external and internal shipping damage. If a problem is identified during any of these
inspection steps please contact PV Powered’s Customer Service and Technical Support at
1-877-312-3832, or email [email protected]
Step 1: External Inspection
Inspect the shipping materials and inverter for any cosmetic or structural damage.
Specifically look for any structural damage or crushing of the base and doors. Confirm all
doors open freely and easily.
Step 2: Rear Magnetics Compartment
1. Remove the large cover plates on the back of the inverter, accessing the magnetics.
2. Inspect all nine connections including the following:
•
Three connections into the inductor
•
Three from the inductor to the transformer
•
Three exiting the transformer
For each connection check the integrity of the busbar connections and terminals.
Figure 4-1 Busbar Connection and Terminal
3. Check the screens at the bottom of this compartment for damage or debris.
28
PVP250kW & PVP260kW Inverter
Installation & Operation Manual
Figure 4-2 Screen Check
4. Ensure the air deflector is held firmly in place.
Figure 4-3 Air Deflector Check
5. Replace the cover plates. Make sure the gaskets are not damaged during replacement
of the plates. Do not over tighten the screws.
Step 3: AC/DC Sub Panel Compartments
1. For each busbar landing in the AC and DC compartments, check the integrity of the
busbar connections and terminals.
Figure 4-4 Busbars and Busbar Connection Inspection
29
2. Ensure the cable connections are plugged in and fully seated.
Figure 4-5 Inspection of Cable Connections
3. Inspect and pull test all cable screw terminal connections.
Figure 4-6 Pull Test of Cable Screw Terminal Connection
4. Inspect the screens at the bottom of this compartment for damage or debris.
Figure 4-7 Screen Inspection
If any lose wires are found during the inspections, and the location of the connection is
unknown, contact PV Powered’s Customer Service and Technical Support.
30
PVP250kW & PVP260kW Inverter
Installation & Operation Manual
Step 4: Upper Electronics Compartment
1. Check the integrity of the busbars and their connections in the upper electronics
compartment.
Figure 4-8 Checking the Busbar Connections
Step 5: Upper Active Cooling Compartment
1. Ensure that the fans spin freely.
Figure 4-9 Fan Inspection
2. Ensure all air filters are fully seated.
31
Figure 4-10 Air Filter Check
This completes the pre-installation inspection.
!
!
WARNING
Before installing the inverter, make sure the pre-installation steps have been
completed and no issues have been identified.
AVERTISSEMENT
Avant de procéder à l’installation de l’onduleur, assurez-vous d’avoir effectué
toutes les étapes correctement et qu’aucun problème ne subsiste.
4.3 Setting and Anchoring
!
!
WARNING
Do not attempt to lift the full weight of the inverter from the left or right sides
only. Attempting to lift from just the left or right sides only will result in an
unstable and unsafe condition.
AVERTISSEMENT
Ne tentez pas de lever l’onduleur en utilisant seulement le côté droit ou
gauche de l’appareil. Lever l’unité par un seul côté entrainerait une situation
instable et dangereuse.
The inverter base is designed to allow a properly rated forklift to lift it from the front or
back using the fork slots. Fork slots are also provided on the left and right sides to enable
small positioning adjustments.
1. Lift the inverter with a forklift by positioning the forks through the forkslots in the
base of the inverter.
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PVP250kW & PVP260kW Inverter
Installation & Operation Manual
2. Position the inverter to the preferred location.
Alternate methods of lifting and positioning the inverter may be used. Proper
methods may include the use of a crane with a strap rated for the weight of the
inverter; however, care MUST be taken to protect the inverter from compressive
stresses or forces which may dent or deform the cabinet or cause damage to the
inverter. Use of lifting beams, spreader bars, or similar equipment rated for the
weight of the inverter can be employed for this purpose. Damage caused by
improper handling may void the warranty.
Safe operating, handling, and installation practices are the responsibility of the
installer.
3. Secure the inverter to the concrete base by setting the anchoring hardware through
each of the six holes in the external mounting flange as shown in sheet two of Appendix C - Mechanical Drawings.
The flanged inverter base allows the unit to be anchored after positioning.
4.4 Conduit Entry
AC and DC cables can be brought into the inverter through the side or bottom gland
plates as shown in Appendix C - Mechanical Drawings.
!
!
WARNING
All penetrations in the inverter cabinet must be through the six gland plates
which are provided for the sole purpose of providing a safe and convenient
way to bring wiring in to and out of the inverter. Penetrating the inverter
housing in any other location besides the gland plates voids the warranty.
AVERTISSEMENT
Tout travail à l’intérieur de la structure de l’onduleur doit être effectué en
démontant les plaques libres conçues uniquement pour fournir des ouvertures
permettant de travailler facilement et en toute sécurité sur le câblage de
l’appareil. Tout travail effectué à partir d’autres ouvertures entrainerait une
annulation de la garantie.
Using Gland Plates for Cable Entry and Exit
All power cabling and communications wiring must enter and exit via the inverter
cabinet’s gland plates. There are gland plates on the AC and DC sides of the inverter for
bottom and side entry. In addition, there is a gland plate on the upper right side for data
monitoring wiring. Each gland plate location is selected to ensure safe installation, proper
airflow and prevention of dust, debris, moisture, insect and animal incursion. Do not
penetrate the cabinet at any other location. All gland plates need to be installed for proper
operation of the inverter.
To use a gland plate:
1. Select the size(s) and location(s) of the hole(s) that need to be punched.
2. Remove the gland plate while taking care not to damage the weatherproof gasket
material on the back side of the plate.
33
3. Punch holes as needed.
4. Attach watertight NEMA 4 hubs to the holes.
5. Replace the gland plate taking care to evenly seat the gasket material against the
cabinet.
6. Tighten screws until snug. Do not overtighten.
Figure 4-11 Bottom Entry Gland Plates - DC Side
Figure 4-12 Side Entry Gland Plates - AC Side
4.5 Electrical Connections
Proceed with making the electrical connections of the inverter once it has been properly
secured to the concrete slab. Terminal connections for the inverter are located inside the
unit. When facing the inverter:
•
DC terminals are located on the left side
•
AC terminals are on the right side
The AC and DC busbars accept standard terminal lug-crimped wires mounted to the
busbar fittings with standard 3/8” mounting hardware.
For the optional fused subcombiners, the wire is inserted directly into the fuse holder
assembly. Accepted cables sizes for each subcombiner lug option are shown in Table D-4
in Appendix D - Limits, Fault Codes, Torque Values, and Wire Sizes.
The inverter is a NEMA 4 enclosure. Use only rain-tight or wet-location conduit hubs
and install these hubs as shown in the following figure.
34
PVP250kW & PVP260kW Inverter
Installation & Operation Manual
Lower cabinet
gland plate
2 inch straight
metal conduit
connector
Figure 4-13 Conduit Hub Installation
IMPORTANT: Use rain-tight or wet-location conduit hubs that comply with the
requirements in the Standard for Fittings for Conduit and Outlet Boxes, UL 514B.
!
!
!
!
DANGER
Electrical connections must comply with the NEC and ANSI/NFPA 70 or
applicable state or local standards. Installations in Canada should be in
accordance with the Canadian Electrical Code or applicable provincial or
local standards. Voltage drop and other considerations may dictate that larger
wire sizes be used.
DANGER
Les connections électriques doivent être conformes au code national de
l’électricité et à la norme ANSI/NFPA 70, ou aux normes applicables de
l’état ou locales. Les installations au Canada devraient être effectuées
conformément au code électrique canadien ou aux normes applicables
provinciales ou locales. Les chutes de tension et d’autres facteurs peuvent
dicter l’utilisation de fils de tailles plus importantes.
DANGER
Make sure the main breaker in the main utility breaker box is switched OFF
before wiring the inverter. This breaker should be switched ON only after all
wiring has been properly connected and inspected.
DANGER
Assurez-vous que le disjoncteur principal est en position HORS TENSION
avant de câbler l’onduleur. Le disjoncteur doit être en position SOUS
TENSION une fois tous les câbles branchés et vérifiés.
35
4.6 AC Wiring
!
!
!
!
!
WARNING
Follow the order listed in this section to wire the inverter. Failure to do so
may result in hazardous voltages or disconnection of contacts.
AVERTISSEMENT
Pour câbler l’onduleur, suivez les ordres décrits dans cette section. Tout
manquement au suivi scrupuleux des instructions est susceptible d’entrainer
des tensions anormales ou le débranchement de contacts.
CAUTION
The NEC requires that the inverter be connected to a dedicated circuit with no
other outlets or devices connected to the same circuit. See NEC Section 69064(b)(1). The NEC also places limitations on the size of the inverter and the
manner in which it is connected to the utility grid. See NEC Section
690-64(b)(2). For use in Canada, wiring methods shall be in accordance with
the Canadian Electrical Code, Part 1.
PRUDENCE
Le code national de l’électricité exige que l’onduleur soit branché à un circuit
dédié et qu’aucune autre prise ou aucun autre dispositif ne soit branché à ce
circuit. Consulter la section 690-64(b)(1) du code national de l’électricité.
Le code national de l’électricité limite également la taille de l’onduleur et la
façon de le brancher au réseau public. Consulter la section 690-64(b)(2) du
code national de l’électricité. Pour l’utilisation au Canada, les méthodes de
câblage doivent être conformes au code électrique canadien, partie 1.
CAUTION
To reduce the risk of fire, the following overcurrent branch-circuit ratings are
recommended:
480VAC
600VAC
PVP250kW
Model
400A
350A
PVP260kW
400A
N/A
PVP260kW-LV
400A
N/A
Branch-circuit overcurrent protection should be sized in accordance with the
NEC and ANSI/NFPA 70 or applicable Canadian Electrical Code.
36
PVP250kW & PVP260kW Inverter
Installation & Operation Manual
!
PRUDENCE
Afin de prévenir les risques d’incendie, les calibres de protection contre les
surtensions des circuits de dérivation suivants sont recommandés:
480VAC
600VAC
PVP250kW
Model
400A
350A
PVP260kW
400A
N/A
PVP260kW-LV
400A
N/A
La taille du circuit de dérivation de protection contre les surintensités doit être
conforme au code national de l’électricité et à la norme ANSI/NFPA 70, ou au
code électrique canadien.
!
!
!
!
CAUTION
The input and output circuits are isolated from the enclosure. System
grounding, when required by Sections 690-41, 690-42 and 690-43 of the
NEC, ANSI/NFPA 70-1999, or applicable state and local codes is the
responsibility of the installer. Installations in Canada should be in accordance
with the Canadian Electrical Code or applicable provincial or local standards.
PRUDENCE
Les circuits d’entrée et de sortie sont isolés de l’enveloppe. L’installateur est
responsable de la mise à la terre du système, lorsqu’elle est exigée par les
sections 690-41, 690-42 et 690-43 du code national de l’électricité et par la
norme ANSI/NFPA 70-1999, ou par les normes applicables de l’état ou locales
état. Les installations au Canada devraient être effectuées conformément au
code électrique canadien ou aux normes applicables provinciales ou locales.
WARNING
The AC output/neutral must not be bonded to ground within the equipment.
AVERTISSEMENT
La sortie et le neutre CA ne doivent pas être branchés à la masse à l’intérieur
du dispositif.
NOTE:The inverter is certified to UL1741 and CSA107.1-1 for installation without a
neutral conductor. Do NOT pull a neutral conductor from the AC service panel to
the inverter.
The inverter is designed for use with 480VAC and 600VAC Y (WYE), three-phase power
grids. The voltage output is not selectable on these units. Do not attempt to change the
AC output voltage once it is set at the factory.
Use the applicable NEC or Canadian Electrical Code to select the appropriate AC wire
sizing for your application. Correct wire sizing requires, at a minimum, considerations for
37
ampacity, temperature and conduit. In addition wire should be sized to minimize voltage
drop. Install the inverter on a dedicated branch circuit with a recommended circuit
breaker rating as specified in the following table. Refer to Table D-10 in Appendix D for
more information.
Model
480VAC
600VAC
PVP250kW
400A
350A
PVP260kW
400A
N/A
PVP260kW-LV
400A
N/A
Table 4-1 Branch Breaker Size Recommendations
The inverter does not have internal AC fusing so it is important to size the branch circuit
protection appropriately.
When an inverter is installed on an electrical panel of the sizes indicated in Table 4-2, the
corresponding operational voltage range is provided in the second column.
Electrical Panel
Operational Voltage Range
480VAC
422VAC – 528VAC
600VAC
528VAC - 660VAC
Table 4-2 Operational Voltage Ranges per Electrical Panel
Voltages outside this range will cause the inverter to fault.
Connecting to the Electrical Grid
!
!
!
DANGER
Make sure the main breaker at the AC service panel is switched OFF before
connecting the AC wires to the inverter. This breaker should be switched ON
only after all wiring has been properly connected.
DANGER
Assurez-vous que le disjoncteur principal du panneau de service CA est en
position HORS TENSION avant de brancher les câbles CA à l’onduleur. Le
disjoncteur doit être en position SOUS TENSION une fois tous les câbles
branchés.
CAUTION
To avoid an increase in AC voltage to unacceptable values while the inverter
is connected, the grid impedance value at the connection point should be as
low as possible. By keeping the grid impedance value low, the system will
achieve higher efficiency.
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PVP250kW & PVP260kW Inverter
Installation & Operation Manual
PRUDENCE
!
Afin d’éviter des surtensions inacceptables de CA lorsque l’onduleur est
branché, assurez-vous que la valeur de l’impédance aux points de connexion
au réseau public est la plus basse possible. Une faible valeur d’impédance
permet un fonctionnement plus efficace de l’appareil.
The inverter is connected to the electrical grid using four wires:
•
Phase A voltage
•
Phase B voltage
•
Phase C voltage
•
Ground
Do NOT connect a neutral wire to the WYE point of the isolation transformer.
The four AC termination busbars for phases A, B, C and ground are located in the lower
right of the AC panel. Refer to Figure 4-2. The phase busbars are vertically mounted and
the ground busbar is horizontally mounted at the bottom of the cabinet. Each busbar has
seven rows of two 3/8” diameter holes, spaced 1” apart vertically.
The AC connections must be made through the user selected gland plates (plates and
dimensions are shown in Appendix C - Mechanical Drawings).
DC +
DCPhase A
Phase B
Phase C
Ground
Ground
DC + and DC-
Phase A, B, C and Ground
Figure 4-14 DC and Phase Inverter Connections
39
Busbar
Note: Grade 8 hardware required.
Crimp Connector/Lug
Figure 4-15 Busbar Connections
!
!
WARNING
Do not connect a neutral wire to the WYE point of the isolation transformer.
Doing so will cause the inverter to malfunction and will void the warranty.
AVERTISSEMENT
Ne branchez pas de câble neutre au point WYE du transformateur d’isolation.
Un tel branchement causerait un fonctionnement défectueux de l’onduleur et
annulerait la garantie.
AC Wiring Procedure
1. Remove the protective plastic cover with a 5/32 Allen wrench.
2. Run the conduit from the main breaker panel to the desired gland plate on the inverter
and insert the fitting in the gland plate and fasten with a locking nut.
3. Feed the PHASE A, PHASE B, PHASE C and GROUND wires through the conduit
and into the right side conduit opening of the inverter.
4. Connect the GROUND wire to the terminal marked ‘EARTH GROUND’ inside the
inverter.
5. Connect the wire from Phase A of the AC panel to the terminal marked ‘PHASE A’
on the AC terminal inside the inverter. Refer to Figure 4-14.
6. Connect the wire from Phase B of the AC panel to the terminal marked ‘PHASE B’
on the AC terminal inside the inverter. Refer to Figure 4-14.
7. Connect the wire from Phase C of the AC panel to the terminal marked ‘PHASE C’
on the AC terminal inside the inverter. Refer to Figure 4-14.
Use Grade 8, 3/8” hardware to secure the lugs of the outgoing AC cables to the
busbars.
8. Ensure all connections are wired correctly and properly torqued. Tighten the AC
terminal screws to 40 ft-lbs.
9. Reinstall the protective plastic cover.
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PVP250kW & PVP260kW Inverter
Installation & Operation Manual
Adjustable Voltage Range
The inverter is factory calibrated to the voltage and frequency limits detailed in Appendix
D - Limits, Fault Codes, Torque Values, and Wire Sizes. These limits are adjustable and
can be set by PV Powered field technicians.
4.7 DC Wiring
!
!
!
!
DANGER
Before proceeding with the DC wiring, confirm that the PV array has been
disconnected from the inverter using the external DC disconnect.
DANGER
Avant d’effectuer les branchements CC, assurez-vous que les piles PV sont
déconnectées de l’onduleur en utilisant le connecteur CC externe.
DANGER
Make sure the PV array polarity and voltage between the positive and
negative cables are correct before connecting the PV array cables to the DC
terminal block.
DANGER
Assurez-vous que la polarité et le voltage des câbles positifs et négatifs des
piles PV sont corrects avant de brancher les câbles des piles PV aux bornes
CC.
The three DC busbars, positive, negative and ground are located in the lower left of the
DC panel. Refer to Figure 4-14. The positive and negative bars are vertically mounted
and the ground bar is horizontally mounted at the bottom of the cabinet. The positive
and negative busbars have 32 rows of two 3/8” diameter holes spaced 1” apart vertically.
The ground bar has 12 rows of two 3/8” diameter holes spaced 1” apart. See Appendix D,
Table D-10 for wire sizing limits for inverters with an optional fused subcombiner.
DC Input Voltage
Calculate the maximum open circuit (no load) voltage for each series module connection.
FOR ALL TEMPERATURE CONDITIONS, THE OPEN CIRCUIT VOLTAGE FOR
EACH SERIES CONNECTION MUST BE LESS THAN OR EQUAL TO 600 VDC.
Contact PV Powered if you require assistance calculating the maximum DC input voltage
for your array at your specific location.
DC Inputs
Each DC input connection must be wired to deliver the same input voltage.
41
DC Wiring Procedure
Follow these steps to wire the DC inputs from the PV panels to the inverter. These
instructions are for a negatively grounded array. For a positively grounded array, use the
opposite terminals. Refer to Figure 4-14.
!
!
DANGER
Risk of Electrical Shock. When exposed to light, PV arrays create electrical
energy that could cause a hazardous condition.
DANGER
Risque d’électrocution. Lorsqu’elles sont exposées à la lumière, les piles
photovoltaïques génèrent un courant électrique susceptible de causer des
conditions dangereuses.
1. If the protective plastic covers which protect the DC subcombiner panel are in place,
remove the covers with a 5/32 Allen wrench.
2. Disconnect power to the DC wiring by disconnecting the PV array outside the inverter before starting the DC wiring.
3. Keep track of the array positive and negative leads and clearly mark each.
4. Route the PV array leads through the conduit to the desired entry gland plate on the
DC side of the inverter.
5. Connect the PV frame ground wire(s) to the ground lug on the point marked
the lower left side of the cabinet.
in
6. Connect positive DC lead(s) to the positive terminals located on the busbar or fuse
holder as applicable. Refer to Figure 4-14. Use Grade 8 3/8” hardware to secure the
lugs of the incoming DC cables to the busbar. The DC landing torque spec is 40 ftlbs.
7. Connect negative DC lead(s) directly to the negative terminals located on the busbar
or fusing as shown in Figure 4-14. Use Grade 8 3/8” hardware to secure the lugs of
the incoming DC cables to the busbar. The DC landing torque specification is 40 ftlbs.
8. Energize the DC cables.
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PVP250kW & PVP260kW Inverter
Installation & Operation Manual
8 Circuit Option
16 Circuit Option
20 Circuit Option
8 Circuit with
Monitoring Option
16 Circuit with
Monitoring Option
Subcombiner with no Circuits
Figure 4-16 DC Subcombiner Configurations
9. Using a voltmeter, check the PV array positive leads and confirm the voltage is
positive when referenced to the negative leads. The reading should not exceed your
calculated series Voc total.
10. De-energize the DC cables.
11. Reinstall the protective plastic covers.
43
4.8 Performance Monitoring and Networking
The inverter has an integrated Data Monitoring Module located in a dedicated Data
Monitoring section. The Data Monitoring Module enables access to the inverter
performance data in two ways. First, basic performance data can be accessed using a free
web-based monitoring service provided by PV Powered. Second, the Data Monitoring
Module can deliver data to a third party monitoring system over a Modbus RS-485
network.
Ethernet Network Connection
PV Powered offers a free basic monitoring service through the mypvpower.com website.
Internet service must be set up properly at the installation site before the inverter can be
accessed online. The Data Monitoring Module supports only hard-wired CAT5 solutions
to the inverter. It does NOT support wireless configurations. To access the mypvpower
data monitoring information, customers need to provide a broadband Ethernet connection
to the inverter, based on the following specifications:
•
Provide a DHCP-enabled broadband internet connection that is always ON. This can
be cable internet, a DSL line, or equivalent.
•
Requires a hard-wired, Ethernet-enabled connection available at the inverter location.
Internet service should be connected using one of the following preferred methods:
•
Hard wire an outdoor-rated, shielded CAT5 Ethernet cable between the inverter’s Data Monitoring Module and the DHCP-enabled Internet connection.
•
If multiple inverters are commissioned to a single site, you can use an Ethernet
hub located in an outdoor-rated enclosure to distribute Ethernet cables to the
inverters.
NOTE:The Data Monitoring Module does not support dial-up modem connectivity.
NOTE:Some complex networks might require a system administrator to add the
inverter to the network.
IMPORTANT: The Ethernet cable must comply with T-568B standards. This is the
only configuration supported by the Data Monitoring Module. Other wiring
configurations will not work. Refer to the following figure.
Front
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8
Bottom
Figure 4-17 T-568B Compliant Ethernet Cable
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PVP250kW & PVP260kW Inverter
Installation & Operation Manual
Connecting the Ethernet Cable to the Internet
Use the following steps to complete the connection of the Data Monitoring Module:
1. Route the Ethernet (CAT5) cable from the Internet-enabled router, at the gland plate
location on the upper right side of the inverter, using the proper conduit and hub connectors. Refer to section 4.4 Conduit Entry for instructions on how to properly use
gland plates.
2. Plug the Ethernet cable into the Ethernet port on the Comm X PCB located in the
Data Monitoring Section. Refer to the following figure.
Ethernet Port
Figure 4-18 Comm X PCB Ethernet Port Location
When the Internet connection is established, go to www.mypvpower.com to register
the inverter and begin using the monitoring tools. Contact PV Powered if additional
information is needed on how to use this online tool.
Advanced Networking and Troubleshooting
All PV Powered commercial inverters come standard with an Ethernet port that is
intended to be connected to the Internet. The PV Powered commercial inverter operates
as an Internet appliance. The inverter communicates with the PV Powered Data Center
using https (port 443). Communications is one way – the inverter only communicates
externally to the PV Powered Data Center. Typically the inverter will post 1Kb to 2Kb of
data via web service call to the data center every 15 minutes. If there is an inverter fault,
the inverter may post data more frequently for a short period of time.
Below is a list of requirements to establish inverter communications with the PV Powered
Data Center. Connectivity must be established before registration on www.mypvpower.
com is attempted.
45
•
Connect the inverter’s Ethernet port to a hub or router. Ethernet cables must meet the
T-568B wiring standard and must be less than 300 feet in length.
•
Provide DHCP server access to the inverter. The inverter requires DHCP to establish
its IP address.
•
Provide a path to the Internet for https (port 443) from the inverter. The MAC address for the inverter can be found on the side of the communications PCB. To see the
MAC address the communications PCB must be removed from the card cage assembly.
•
Verify connectivity using the following information:
1. Check the status light. It should be in a solid on state.
The status light is located on the front of the Comm X PCB in the right side of
the upper compartment in the Data Monitoring Section.
2. Verify the inverter’s MAC address has been assigned an IP address by the network.
3. Register the inverter at www.mypvpower.com.
Most connectivity problems relate to wiring issues or corporate security settings blocking
the inverter from accessing the Internet. Wiring problems are usually the result of a poor
crimp, wire that exceeds 320 ft., or pinched wires somewhere between the inverter and
the hub or router.
PV Powered recommends using pre-made cables whenever possible. If a cable must
be hand-crimped, we recommend testing the cable with a cable tester such as a Fluke
LinkRunner™ Pro Network Multimeter (LPRO1000). Verify the cable’s integrity by
connecting a laptop to the cable at the inverter and verify is has access to the Internet.
Corporate network problems will require support from your corporate IT department
where the inverter is installed. The most common problem is the inverter has not been
provided with DHCP server access using port 443.
Troubleshooting communications issues can also be accomplished using the four
LED lights on the communications PCB. For detailed LED communications light
troubleshooting see section 7.6 Communication PCB Status Light Operation.
Modbus via RS-485
For instructions on how to use the Modbus network option, refer to Chapter 5, Modbus
Network Installation.
46
5. Modbus Network Installation
5.1 Overview
PV Powered commercial inverters can communicate via Modbus RS-485 and Modbus
TCP/IP. This chapter explains how to communicate with a PV Powered commercial
inverter on a Modbus network through either RS-485 or TCP/IP. This chapter is written
for PV installers, electricians, controls contractors and Modbus network programmers.
5.2 Modbus Communication Protocol
5.3 Networking Using the Modbus Option
The following steps are required to set up a Modbus TCP/IP network for your PV
Powered inverter:
•
Field Installation Process
This step can be completed onsite by a PV installer or an electrician that does not
have working knowledge of a Modbus network:
•
•
Consult the facility IT administrator for network device installation support
and coordination.
•
Install the Modbus network communications cabling.
Modbus Network Configuration Process
This step can be done onsite or remotely and should be completed by the
Modbus network programmer:
•
Set the IP addresses and Port ID for TCP/IP.
•
Configure the point maps for slave devices.
5.4 Modbus TCP/IP Installation Process
Disconnect the power to the inverter before starting the installation.
!
DANGER
AC and DC voltages will still be present at the inverter AC and DC
landing points unless utility connection circuit breaker and PV array
inputs are disconnected.
47
MODBUS
INSTALLATION
Modbus is a serial communications protocol and is the most commonly used means
of monitoring and communicating between devices in the PV industry. The Modbus
protocol allows for communication between a Modbus master device and multiple
Modbus slave devices connected to the same network. The physical layer of the Modbus
network is a twisted pair shielded conductor for RS-485 and CAT5 Ethernet for TCP/IP.
!
DANGER
Les voltages alternatifs et continus seront toujours présents aux points de
contact CA et CC de l’onduleur à moins que les disjoncteurs du réseau public
et que les alimentations des piles PV ne soient débranchés.
Step 1: Installing the Modbus Cable for TCP/IP
A. Route an Ethernet cable from a network port in the facility that has been approved by
the network administrator, through the data monitoring gland plate on the right side
of the inverter, using the appropriate water-tight conduit connections.
The data monitoring gland plate is a flat piece of metal covering the side entry
port to the inverter’s data monitoring compartment. Remove the gland plate and
cut a hole in the desired location to allow access for the cable. Replace the gland
plate.
B. Connect the Modbus Ethernet cable to the Ethernet port on the Comm X PCB. The
Comm X PCB is located in the Data Monitoring Section in the right upper cabinet of
the inverter. See Figure 5-1 for the location of the Ethernet port.
5.5 Modbus TCP/IP Network Configuration Process
Step 2: Assigning the IP Address and Port ID
A. Contact the facility’s IT Network Administrator (or person with similar responsibilities) to assign an IP Address to each inverter.
B. The Modbus master will need to communicate through Port 502.
For advanced users, a static IP address can be assigned. Contact PV Powered Technical
Support for assistance.
5.6 Networking Using the Modbus RS-485 Option
The following steps are required to set up a Modbus RS-485 network for your PV
Powered commercial inverter. The first part of the installation can be completed by a
PV installer or electrician that does not have working knowledge of a Modbus network.
These steps are:
A. Field installation process (to be performed on-site)
The first three steps can be completed by a PV installer that does not have working
knowledge of a Modbus network:
•
Installing the Modbus network wiring.
•
Configuring end-of-line termination and network biasing.
•
Setting the Modbus address for each slave inverter.
Note: The contractor responsible for network programming will need to provide the
slave addresses prior to setting the Modbus address for each slave inverter.
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PVP250kW & PVP260kW Inverter
Installation & Operation Manual
The final part of the RS-485 installation process is the Modbus network configuration.
These steps should be completed by the Modbus network programmer. The last two steps
are:
•
Setting the device addresses.
•
Configuring point maps for slave devices.
5.7 Modbus RS-485 Installation Process
Disconnect the power to the inverter before starting the installation.
!
!
DANGER
AC and DC voltages will still be present at the inverter AC and DC landing
points unless utility connection circuit breaker and PV array inputs are
disconnected.
DANGER
Les voltages alternatifs et continus seront toujours présents aux points de
contact CA et CC de l’onduleur à moins que les disjoncteurs du réseau public
et que les alimentations des piles PV ne soient débranchés.
Step 1: Installing the Modbus Cable for RS-485 Installations
Connections are made using shielded insulated, 18-24ga twisted-pair communication
cable that has a characteristic impedance of 120 ohms. If the RS-485 network will not
pass through any high voltage (>300V) areas, then 300V rated cable may be used in
the low voltage data monitoring compartment of the inverter. Check with your local
inspector or project engineer if you need assistance in determining this requirement.
Some appropriate 300V data cables include:
•
Belden 3105A (1P22ga shielded)
•
Belden 3082A (1P15ga + 1P18ga shielded)
Belden 7897A (1P15ga + 1P18ga shielded) is an example of a 600V rated cable that may
also be used; others exist as well.
A. Route the cable from your master device on your RS-485 Modbus network through
the data monitoring gland plate on the right side of the inverter using the appropriate
water-tight conduit connections. The gland plate is a flat piece of metal covering the
holes in the side of the inverter. Remove the gland plate and cut a hole in the desired
location to allow access for the cable. Replace the gland plate.
49
Comm X PCB
Figure 5-1 Comm X PCB in the Data Monitoring Section
Switch 1
Switch 2
Factory Use Only
Master jumpers with
no jumpers installed
Ethernet Port
Slave jumpers with
no jumpers installed
Modbus Master
(inactive)
Modbus Slave Port
Figure 5-2 Comm X PCB with Modbus Slave Port Location
C. Connect the Modbus cable.
The end of the Modbus cable connects to the Modbus slave port connector on the
Comm X PCB. See Figure 5-2 for the location of the Modbus slave port.
Connect the plus (+) cable to all plus (+) connections and the minus (-) cable to
all other minus (-) connections so they correspond throughout the network.
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PVP250kW & PVP260kW Inverter
Installation & Operation Manual
Note: The Modbus master connections are not enabled at this time.
D. Connect a ground reference line to the terminal labeled “GND” on the Modbus slave
connector. The shield of a communications cable may be used for this reference as
long as the shield is connected to earth ground at one point only. It is recommended
that PV Powered devices have connected grounds when possible.
Note: Some Modbus devices do not have a shield or reference input. In these cases
the device most often uses the DC power supply (-) as the RS-485 reference. It
may be necessary to place an RS-485 isolator on these devices or power them
from a common DC supply that has its DC (-) referenced to earth ground at the
same point where the network cable shield is earthed.
Figure 5-3 Daisy Chain Layout for RS-485 Network
When multiple inverters or other Modbus slave devices are connected to a single Modbus
master device, the multiple devices need to be connected in a daisy chain as shown in
Figure 5-3.
Note: When multiple devices are wired to the network the network shield must
be terminated to earth ground at one point on the network typically at the
beginning or the end. For device connections the shield must be rewired to
provide a continuous shield and isolated from ground.
51
Step 2: Using Jumpers to Set the Pins for RS-485 Installation
By default, the termination pins have three slave jumpers installed in the J6/Master
positions and three jumpers in the J7/Slave positions when the inverter is shipped. The
location of the jumpers can determine the following settings to an inverter:
•
Terminate the network
•
Set jumpers for the center inverter(s) on the network
•
Turn on biasing
Jumper setting options
A. Terminate the network.
The performance of your Modbus network may require each end of the network
to be terminated using 120 ohm termination resistors. When the network is
long, relative to the RS-485 bit rate in use, bus terminations must be installed.
The network length is determined by the total backbone cable length, and not
necessarily the line-of-sight between the two furthest apart devises.
RS-485 / Modbus
Bit Rate
Maximum Network Length
without Termination
Feet (Meters)
Maximum Network Length
with Termination
Feet (Meters)
9600 bps
1000 (305)
4000 (1200)
19200 bps
500 (152)
4000 (1200)
38400 bps
250 (76)
4000 (1200)
57600 bps
150 (46)
4000 (1200)
Table 5-1 Maximum Network Length per Modbus Bit Rate
If bus termination is desired and the inverter is on the end of the Modbus
network, you may use the built-in bus termination resistors.
•
To enable an inverter’s bus termination, place the J7 “Line” jumper on its
outboard pins. See Table 5-2 for the pin locations.
J6
J16
High
J7
X
Line
X
Low
X
Table 5-2 Termination Enabled (for End Device)
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PVP250kW & PVP260kW Inverter
Installation & Operation Manual
B. Set the jumpers for the center inverters on the network.
•
J7 - remove all three jumpers from the J7 pins for any inverter in the middle
of the network, and place the jumpers in the J16 neutral position.
J6
J16
High
X
Line
X
Low
X
J7
Table 5-3 No Biasing or Termination (Default Setting)
C. Set the biasing.
Biasing sets the voltage levels on the data lines of an inactive or idle network.
It is very important that at least one device on the network provides biasing. On
shorter networks with fewer installed devices, biasing may only be needed on
the device furthest away from the master. Longer networks that are terminated
on both ends may require two devices to have their biasing enabled. To use the
inverter’s built-in biasing set the following jumpers:
•
J7 - install a jumper on the first pair of pins labeled “High”.
•
J7 - install a jumper on the last pair of pins labeled “Low”.
J6
J16
High
J7
X
Line
X
Low
X
Table 5-4 Biasing Enabled
Alternative: Terminate the network and enable biasing.
If an end inverter on the network requires both termination and biasing to be
enabled, set the following jumpers:
•
J7 - install a jumper on the first pair of pins labeled “High”.
•
J7 - install a jumper on the first pair of pins labeled “Line”.
•
J7 - install a jumper on the last pair of pins labeled “Low”.
J6
J16
J7
High
X
Line
X
Low
X
Table 5-5 Biasing and Termination Enabled (for End Device)
53
First pair of pins, J6 - Master
Second pair of pins, J16 - NC
Third pair of pins, J7 - Slave
Figure 5-4 Location of Jumpers J6, J16 and J7 on the Comm X PCB
Step 3: Setting the Modbus Address for Each Slave Device
A Modbus network containing slave devices requires a unique address for each slave.
This allows the master device to identify and communicate with each slave. The Modbus
network administrator must assign an unique Modbus address to each PV Powered
inverter.
To set the address:
A. Determine each slave address.
The addresses are represented using the hexadecimal representation of digits 0
through 9 and letters A through F. For example, slave 1 is set to 01, slave 10 is
set to 0A, and so forth. Refer to the following inverter address conversion Table
5-6 to select a unique address for each slave device by locating the number of the
slave device in the “Address” column. Move right to the “Switch” column to find
the converted address value of this slave device.
Note: 0 is not an allowed address.
Address
Switch
1
2
1
0
1
2
0
3
Address
Switch
1
2
21
1
5
2
22
1
0
3
23
4
0
4
5
0
5
6
0
7
Address
Switch
1
2
41
2
9
6
42
2
1
7
43
24
1
8
25
1
9
6
26
1
0
7
27
8
0
8
9
0
9
Address
Switch
1
2
61
3
D
A
62
3
2
B
63
44
2
C
45
2
D
A
46
2
1
B
47
28
1
C
29
1
D
Address
Switch
1
2
81
5
1
E
82
5
2
3
F
83
5
3
64
4
0
84
5
4
65
4
1
85
5
5
E
66
4
2
86
5
6
2
F
67
4
3
87
5
7
48
3
0
68
4
4
88
5
8
49
3
1
69
4
5
89
5
9
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PVP250kW & PVP260kW Inverter
Installation & Operation Manual
Address
Switch
1
2
10
0
A
11
0
12
Address
Switch
1
2
30
1
E
B
31
1
0
C
32
13
0
D
14
0
E
15
0
16
Address
Switch
1
2
50
3
2
F
51
3
2
0
52
33
2
1
34
2
2
F
35
2
1
0
36
17
1
1
18
1
19
20
Address
Switch
1
2
70
4
6
3
71
4
3
4
72
4
53
3
5
73
54
3
6
74
3
55
3
7
2
4
56
3
37
2
5
57
2
38
2
6
1
3
39
2
1
4
40
2
Address
Switch
1
2
90
5
A
7
91
5
B
8
92
5
C
4
9
93
5
D
4
A
94
5
E
75
4
B
95
5
F
8
76
4
C
96
6
0
3
9
77
4
D
97
6
1
58
3
A
78
4
E
98
6
2
7
59
3
B
79
4
F
99
6
3
8
60
3
C
80
5
0
100
6
4
Table 5-6 Inverter Address Conversion for Switches 1 and 2
B. Set the switch address on each slave device.
The slave address for each PV Powered inverter is set using two rotary switches.
Each switch is hexadecimal, containing 0 through 9, followed by A through F. Set
the switches using the following guideline:
•
The first switch is always set to the value in the “1” column below the
“Switch” heading in Table 5-6.
•
The second switch is always set to the value in the “2” column below the
“Switch” heading in Table 5-6.
For example, if you are setting the address of the first slave device, inverter 1 of
your network, to the hexadecimal address 05, the first switch is set to 0, the first
digit of the hexadecimal address, and the second switch is set to 5, the second
digit of the address.
Switch 1 - SW1
Switch 2 - SW2
Figure 5-5 Rotary Switches for Setting the Inverter Number
55
The switches are located near the center of the Comm X PCB and are labeled SW1 and
SW2 as they appear in Figure 5-5.
If you need more device addresses than the 100 listed in Table 5-6, refer to a complete
digital to hexadecimal conversion table.
Note: Some Modbus master devices do not allow addresses above the decimal value
of 126. PV Powered recommends keeping the number of slave devices between
2 and 100.
Modbus RS-485 Network Configuration Process
Step 4: Setting the Communication Parameters
This step is part of the network configuration process that should be completed by the
Modbus network programmer. The RS-485 Modbus master communication settings
need to be set to the values in Table 5-7. This allows your Modbus master device to
communicate with the inverter. Follow the instructions in the manual for your master
device to complete these settings.
Parameter
Setting
Baud
9600
Parity
N
Data bits
8
Stop bit
1
Flow control
None
Table 5-7 Communications Settings
Step 5: Using Modbus Commands
PV Powered inverters provide basic Modbus commands. The supported commands are
listed in the following table.
Command Name
Command
Number
Description
Read Holding Register
03
Retrieves the voltage, power and energy values from the inverter.
Write (Preset) Single Register
06
Enables/disables the inverter.
Return Slave ID
17
Returns a text string containing the ID
number of the inverter.
Table 5-8 Supported Modbus Commands
Format of Modbus commands and responses
Each of the following command sections contain two tables. The first table describes the
format of a Modbus command request while the second table contains the format of the
command’s response.
Then the next section, Modbus Register Maps, provides additional information about
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PVP250kW & PVP260kW Inverter
Installation & Operation Manual
these commands and their valid registers.
Read Holding Register
The Read Holding Register command is used frequently. Typically the Modbus master
continually reads the values from registers containing the desired information.
Command Information
Modbus slave address
Command
Layout
nn (1-126)
Command number
03
First register MSB
xx
First register LSB
xx
Number of registers MSB
xx
Number of registers LSB
xx
CRC LSB
xx
CRC MSB
xx
Table 5-9 Format for Read Holding Register, command 03
Response Information
Modbus slave address
Response
Layout
nn (1-126)
Command number
03
Number of bytes of data
n
Fist register MSB
xx
First register LSB
xx
Second register MSB
xx
Second register LSB
xx
Nth register MSB
xx
Nth register LSB
xx
CRC LSB
xx
CRC MSB
xx
Table 5-10 Format for Read Holding Register, response to command 03
Write Single Register
The Write Single Register command is used to write to one of the command registers
found in Table 5-19. Using this command does not change the inverter’s data in registers
described in Table 5-15, Table 5-17, or Table 5-18.
57
Command Information
Modbus slave address
Command
Layout
nn (1-126)
Command number
06
First register MSB
xx
First register LSB
xx
Data MSB
xx
Data LSB
xx
CRC LSB
xx
CRC MSB
xx
Table 5-11 Format for Write Single Register, command 06
Response Information
Modbus slave address
Response
Layout
nn (1-126)
Command number
06
Number of bytes of data
n
First register MSB
xx
First register LSB
xx
Data MSB
xx
Data LSB
xx
CRC LSB
xx
CRC MSB
xx
Table 5-12 Format for Write Single Register, response to command 06
Return Slave ID
Command Information
Modbus slave address
Command
Layout
nn (1-126)
Command number
11h
Table 5-13 Format for Return Slave ID, command 11h
The Slave ID command returns the ASCII string “xxPVP Inverter IDxxxxx”, for example
“0x50,0xFF,PVP Inverter ID02860910080321”. The first “xx” represents two non-ASCII
bytes, representing the following information:
Byte 1: 0x50 - An identifier byte for PVP inverters
Byte 2: 0x00 - If communication with the inverter is down,
0xFF - If communication with the inverter is okay.
Byte 3 through byte n: Contains “PVP Inverter IDxxxxx”.
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PVP250kW & PVP260kW Inverter
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Response Information
Modbus slave address
Response
Layout
nn (1-126)
Command number
11h
Number of bytes of data
n
Data 1
xx
Data 2
xx
Data n
xx
CRC LSB
xx
CRC MSB
xx
Table 5-14 Format for Return Slave ID, response to command 11h
Modbus Register Maps
The following tables list the Modbus registers with their location and a description of the
data stored in the register. For more information describing the data format contained in
column six, the “Format” column of each table, see Table 5-22 at the end of this chapter.
Description
Start
Register
End
Nbr. of
Register Registers
MB
Address
Format
Range
Notes
Modbus base address = 0
Inverter ID number
0
7
8
40001
ASCII
16 char.
Unique number
for each inverter
Firmware version
8
11
4
40009
ASCII
8 char.
Example: V1.9
Map version
13
13
1
40014
UINT 16
1-4
Increment sequentially as the
map changes
- all versions are
backwards compatible.
Inverter configuration
14
14
1
40015
UINT 16
Bitmapped
See Table 5-16
Inverter serial
number
15
24
10
40016
ASCII
20 char.
Matches SN label
Table 5-15 Fixed information registers
Inverter Configuration
Bit Mapping
Instructions
AC volts = 480
0x0004
AC volts = 600
0x0200
Transformer tap position
0x0008
Set if Tap at 265V, clear if Tap at 295V (Default = 295V)
Transformer wiring configuration
0x0010
Set if wired as DELTA, clear if wired as WYE (Default = WYE)
Utilitimeter installation flag
0x0100
Set if meter is installed, clear if not installed (Default = not
installed)
Table 5-16 Inverter Configuration
59
Description
Start
Register
End
Register
Nbr. of
Registers
MB
Address
Format
Range
Modbus base address = 1000
VoltsA L-N
1000
1001
2
41001
FLOAT
+/- 32bit IEEE754
VoltsB L-N
1002
1003
2
41003
FLOAT
+/- 32bit IEEE754
VoltsC L-N
1004
1005
2
41005
FLOAT
+/- 32bit IEEE754
Current A
1006
1007
2
41007
FLOAT
+/- 32bit IEEE754
Current B
1008
1009
2
41009
FLOAT
+/- 32bit IEEE754
Current C
1010
1011
2
41011
FLOAT
+/- 32bit IEEE754
1012
1013
2
41013
FLOAT
+/- 32bit IEEE754
1
DC input voltage
2
DC input current
1014
1015
2
41015
FLOAT
+/- 32bit IEEE754
Line frequency
1016
1017
2
41017
FLOAT
+/- 32bit IEEE754
Line kW
1018
1019
2
41019
FLOAT
+/- 32bit IEEE754
Total kWH
1020
1021
2
41021
UINT 32
0 - 4.29 e9
PV input voltage
1022
1023
2
41023
FLOAT
+/- 32bit IEEE754
DC kW (calculated)
1024
1025
2
41025
FLOAT
+/- 32bit IEEE754
Table 5-17 Data Registers
1. Phase A current is calculated from Phase B and C currents.
2. DC input current is not measured and always reports back as 0 Amps.
Description
Start
End
Nbr. of
MB
Register Register Registers Address
Format
Range
Notes
Modbus base address = 2000
Inverter operating
status (state)
2100
2100
1
42101
UINT 16
Bit mapped
See Table 5-20
Main fault
2101
2101
1
42102
UINT 16
Bit mapped
See Table D-3
Drive fault
2102
2102
1
42103
UINT 16
Bit mapped
See Table D-4
Voltage fault
2103
2103
1
42104
UINT 16
Bit mapped
See Table D-5
Grid fault
2104
2104
1
42105
UINT 16
Bit mapped
See Table D-6
Temperature fault
2105
2105
1
42106
UINT 16
Bit mapped
See Table D-7
System fault
2106
2106
1
42107
UINT 16
Bit mapped
See Table D-8
System warnings
2107
2107
1
42108
UINT 16
Bit mapped
See Table D-9
PVM status codes
2108
2108
1
42109
UINT 16
Bit mapped
See Table 5-21
Table 5-18 Status and Fault Code Registers
Note: See Appendix D - Limits, Fault Codes, Torque Values, and Wire Sizes for fault code
information.
To set the following command registers, you need to use the Write Single Register
command.
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PVP250kW & PVP260kW Inverter
Installation & Operation Manual
Description
Start
Register
End
Nbr. of
MB Address Format Range
Register Registers
Notes
Modbus base address = 3000
Clear fault command
3000
3000
1
43001
UINT 16
CF hex
Write this
value to clear
faults and try a
restart.
Disable inverter3
3001
3001
1
43002
UINT 16
DD hex
Write 0xDD to
disable
Write 0xEE to
enable
Enable inverter
3002
3002
1
43003
UINT 16
EE hex
Write 0xDD to
disable
Write 0xEE to
enable
Reset data comm
section
3003
3003
1
43004
UINT 16
99 hex
Write 99 hex
to this register
to reset the
Comm X PCB.
Table 5-19 Command Registers
3. Reading this register returns 0 after bootup, or either DD after a disable or EE hex after an enable command
is sent.
Response values for status and fault registers
The following tables contain the status and fault bitmap information for each status
and fault code register in Table 5-18. The command’s response values are returned as
hexadecimal values which you need to convert to the decimal value in order to understand
the returned information.
Hex
Value
Description
Decimal
Value
Modbus register number = 42101
Sleep state
0
0
Startup delay state
1
1
AC precharge state
2
2
DC precharge state
3
3
Idle state
4
4
Power track state
5
5
Reserved
6
6
Reserved
7
7
Reserved
8
8
Fault state
9
9
Initialization state
A
10
Disabled state
B
11
Latching fault state
C
12
Table 5-20 Inverter Status (protocol state) Values
61
When multiple errors are set, the resulting status word value will be a sum of the
individual fault and/or error values listed in the following table.
Hex
Value
Description
Decimal
Value
Notes
Modbus register number = 42005
OK
0
0
Rebooting
1
1
Inverter communication fault
2
2
Web post fault
4
4
DNS server fault
8
8
Real time clock error
10
16
Battery is dead or cannot synchronize with the network time server.
Wrong PVM firmware
20
32
Incompatible or incorrect revision of communications firmware.
Results in return value of zero for reads of data
registers listed in Table 5-17.
Table 5-21 Inverter Data Comm Status Word
Data Format
Description
Notes
ASCII
Two ASCII characters per register
For a text string the left most character is
in the lowest register number.
UINT16
Unsigned integer: 16 bits
Range: 0 to 65535
SINT16
Signed integer: 16 bits
Range: -32767 to +32767
UINT 32 (requires two registers)
Unsigned integer: 32 bits
Range: 0 to 4,294,967,295
SINT 32 (requires two registers)
Signed integer: 32 bits
Range: -2,147,483,647 to
+2,147,483,647
FLOAT (requires two registers)
IEEE 754 standard 32-bit floating
point number
Table 5-22 Data formats for registers
Information about the Data Monitoring Module
For additional information on how to use the Modbus Data Monitoring Module, contact
PV Powered Customer Service and Technical Support at 1-877-312-3832.
62
6. Operation
6.1 Start Up Procedure
!
!
WARNING
Before turning on the inverter, ensure that the front panels are closed properly.
AVERTISSEMENT
Assurez-vous de la bonne fermeture des panneaux antérieurs avant de mettre
l’onduleur en route.
To start the inverter, complete the following steps in order:
1. Prior to engaging the disconnect switches, check the polarity of the DC positive and
negative connectors to ensure they are wired correctly and confirm the PV panel
open circuit voltage is at or below 600 VDC.
2. Close all upper and lower cabinet doors.
4. Turn on the external DC disconnect to provide DC power to the inverter.
5. Turn the ON/OFF switch to the OFF position.
The ON/OFF switch is located next to the display screen.
6. Turn the inverter’s AC disconnect to the power ON position. Refer to Figure 6-1.
The display on the upper front panel should now be active. The display is shown
in Figure 6-3.
7. Turn the inverter’s DC disconnect to the power ON position. Refer to Figure 6-1.
8. Turn the ON/OFF switch to the ON position.
After five minutes, the inverter starts to produce power into the AC grid if all necessary
operating conditions are met.
63
OPERATION
3. Turn on the external AC connection to the inverter.
ON/OFF Switch
DC Disconnect
in Power ON
Position
AC Disconnect
in Power ON
Position
Figure 6-1 AC and DC Disconnect Power ON
6.2 Inverter Operating States
The PVP250kW and PVP260kW Inverters have nine operating states. The inverters will
transition from one state to another only as shown in Figure 6-2. Each operating state is
described below.
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PVP250kW & PVP260kW Inverter
Installation & Operation Manual
Initialize
Disabled
Sleep
Startup
Delay
Fault
DC
Precharge
AC
Precharge
Power
Track
(auto
mode)
Idle
Figure 6-2 Inverter State Diagram
Initialize
The inverter enters this state after a reset or power cycle. Variables and devices are
initialized and I/O ports set. When initialization is complete, the inverter enters the Sleep
state.
Disabled
The inverter enters this state when the front-panel switch is in the “OFF” position or
when a disable command is received over the serial port. If a fault condition occurs, the
inverter switches to the Fault state. When the fault is cleared and the condition no longer
exists, the inverter returns to the disabled state. The inverter displays a message on the
screen indicating the inverter is disabled. When an enable command is received or the
front-panel switch is changed to the “ON” position, the inverter switches to the sleep
state. The inverter will also enter the disabled state when the “remote disable” relay is
open.
65
Fault
The inverter enters this state when any fault condition occurs. The inverter can enter this
state from any other state except initialize. Unless the fault is latching, the inverter clears
the fault when the fault condition subsides. The inverter displays the fault codes and
messages indicating the current fault conditions.
If the fault is latching, the inverter switches to the latched fault state. The inverter enters
this state when a latching fault condition occurs. The inverter displays the fault codes and
messages indicating the current fault conditions. When the fault is cleared, the inverter
switches to the sleep state.
Sleep
In this state, the inverter is enabled but the DC voltage is below the minimum operating
window. When the PV input voltage rises above the “starting” voltage, the inverter
switches to the startup delay state.
Startup Delay
In this state, the inverter delays a specified time and then enters the DC precharge state.
The delay depends on the conditions prior to the sleep state and the time taken to reach
this state from the previous shutdown. If a grid interactive fault occurred on the previous
shutdown, the inverter will remain in this state for 5 minutes.
DC Precharge
In this state, the inverter closes the DC precharge-contactor, which limits inrush current
into the DC bus capacitors. When the DC bus voltage reaches the PV input voltage and is
greater than the DC start voltage, the inverter switches to the AC precharge state.
AC Precharge
In this state, the inverter closes the main DC contactor and the AC precharge-contactor,
which limits inrush current into the transformer. Once the transformer is magnetized, the
main AC contactor is closed and the AC pre-charge contactor is opened. After a short
delay the inverter switches to the idle state.
Idle
In this state, the inverter disables the drive PWM and displays a message indicating that
the inverter is idle. The inverter switches to the power tracking state when the DC voltage
is above the DC start voltage. If a fault condition occurs, the inverter switches to the
fault state. If the DC voltage drops below the minimum, the inverter switches to the sleep
state.
Power Track
In this state, the inverter operates in voltage control mode using the maximum power
point tracking (MPPT) function. If a fault occurs, the inverter switches to the fault state.
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PVP250kW & PVP260kW Inverter
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6.3 Display Screens and Display Operation
Display Screens
The inverter display provides the operator with information about the current state of
the inverter. There are five sets of screens that may display depending on the state of the
inverter. The five states are: Startup, Power Track (normal power production state), Fault,
Warning and Disabled. Each of the display screens for each state are shown in Figures
6-4 through 6-8. If there is a series of display screens associated with the inverter state
then the inverter will continuously scroll through these screens.
If a fault occurs, the display also provides a fault code that corresponds to a set of predefined fault descriptions as detailed in Appendix D - Limits, Fault Codes, Torque
Values, and Wire Sizes.
Pause/Scroll Button
ON/OFF Switch
Figure 6-3 Display
Figure 6-4 Startup State Screen
Screen 1: Product
Screen 2: State
Screen 4: AC Values
Screen 3: DC Values
Screen 5: Power Values
Figure 6-5 Power Track State Screens
67
Screen 1: Fault Code(s)
Screen 2: Fault Text
Screen 3: Contact Information
Figure 6-6 Fault State Screens
Figure 6-7 Warning State Screen
Figure 6-8 Disabled State Screen
Display Operation
The inverter display normally scrolls through a series of display screens based on the
current state of the inverter.
•
To pause the display on a specific screen press the “Pause/Scroll” button on the display.
•
To resume the scroll function press the “Pause/Scroll” button again.
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PVP250kW & PVP260kW Inverter
Installation & Operation Manual
6.4 Ground Fault Interrupt Device
The inverter is equipped with a Ground Fault Detector Interrupter (GFDI). The purpose
of the GFDI is to detect a ground fault (unintended current flow from the solar panels to
earth ground) and in this event, disable the inverter.
!
WARNING
For the GFDI circuit to function as designed, the solar array safety ground
must not be connected to the PV array positive or negative leads.
Bonding the safety ground to the grounded leg of the array anywhere but
through the inverter will cause the GFDI circuit to be bypassed. This would
defeat the operation of the GFDI and potentially create an unsafe operating
condition.
!
AVERTISSEMENT
Pour que le circuit GFDI fonctionne normalement, la prise de terre de sécurité
du système PV ne doit pas être branché aux câbles positifs ou négatifs des
piles PV.
Brancher la prise de terre de sécurité au pied des piles ou à toute autre partie
que l’onduleur causerait une mise hors circuit du GFDI. Ceci ne empêcherait
le fonctionnement normale du circuit GFDI et créerait des conditions de
fonctionnement potentiellement dangereuses.
The GFDI functions using a 5A fuse to connect or bond the solar array Negative (or the
solar array Positive, if using a positively grounded panel array) to earth ground on the DC
Distribution PCB.
If the ground fault current exceeds 5A between the grounded array terminal and the earth
ground, the fuse will open and disconnect the solar panels from their ground reference,
interrupting the ground fault. In this situation, the inverter will cease operation and
display a fault message (see Appendix D - Limits, Fault Codes, Torque Values, and Wire
Sizes).
Figure 6-9 Ground Fault Error Message
If the inverter displays a ground fault as shown in Figure 6-9, turn OFF the AC and DC to
the inverter and refer to Chapter 7, Maintenance & Troubleshooting.
69
6.5 Shutdown Procedure
To shutdown the inverter, complete the following steps in order:
1. Turn the inverter’s ON/OFF switch to the OFF position.
2. Turn the AC disconnect to the power OFF position by rotating the AC power lever
to the position shown in Figure 2-1. The display on the upper front panel should be
inactive.
3. Turn the DC disconnect to the power OFF position by rotating the DC power lever to
the OFF position shown in Figure 6-10.
4. Open the utility connection circuit breaker.
5. Disconnect the PV array connection to the inverter using the external PV disconnect.
ON/OFF Switch
in OFF Position
DC Disconnect
in Power OFF
Position
AC Disconnect
in Power OFF
Position
Figure 6-10 AC and DC Disconnect Power OFF
!
!
DANGER
Risk of Electrical Shock. Allow five (5) minutes for internal power to
dissipate prior to entering the enclosure cabinet. Ensure all terminals are
voltage free with the use of a multimeter.
DANGER
Risque d’électrocution. Laissez passer cinq (5) minutes afin de permettre la
dissipation du courant interne avant d’ouvrir les panneaux du dispositif. Utilisez
un multimètre sur toutes les bornes afin de confirmer l’absence de courant.
70
7. Maintenance & Troubleshooting
7.1 Visual Inspection
!
!
!
!
DANGER
AC and DC voltages will still be present at the inverter AC and DC landing
points unless utility connection circuit breaker and PV array inputs are
disconnected.
DANGER
Les voltages alternatifs et continus seront toujours présents aux points de
contact CA et CC de l’onduleur à moins que les disjoncteurs du réseau public
et que les alimentations des piles PV ne soient débranchés.
DANGER
Before attempting any maintenance or troubleshooting, turn OFF AC and DC
power to the inverter.
DANGER
Avant de procéder à la maintenance ou à la résolution de problèmes éventuels,
fermez l’alimentation CA et CC de l’onduleur.
7.3 Annual Preventative Maintenance
Maintenance Checklist
The following maintenance should be performed annually by a qualified service person.
See Chapter 7, Maintenance & Troubleshooting for a checklist of these required
maintenance items.
A. General Inspection & Cleaning
1. Record general site conditions.
2. Record inverter performance data from inverter display.
3. Record environmental conditions.
4. Remove dirt and debris from underneath the inverter.
5. Inspect and clean interior of inverter.
6. Inspect air filter and clean or replace.
7. Confirm presence of product documentation.
71
MAINTENANCE &
TROUBLESHOOTING
PV Powered recommends visually inspecting the inverter every time it is serviced. Start
by observing the front, back and sides of the inverter for damage, foreign objects, or dust
and debris that may have accumulated around the inverter. Remove dirt and debris from
the area around the inverter at least every six months.
B. Connections and Wiring
8. Complete visual inspection of electrical connections and wiring.
9. Complete mechanical inspection of connections and wiring.
10. Measure torque of all electrical connections and re-torque as needed.
11. Complete thermal scan of inverter connections, wiring and electronics.
C. Testing
12. Confirm the inverter operating modes including standby, startup and on.
13. Check operation of protective circuits and alarms.
14. Validate display data accuracy.
D. Repair or Replace
15. Repair or replace items that have been determined to be near the end of their useful life.
E. Reporting
16. Complete preventative maintenance report and recommendation.
F. Documentation of Annual Preventative Maintenance Checklist
Complete the maintenance checklist included in Appendix E and save the
information for your records. This checklist is also available on the
www.pvpowered.com web site.
Maintaining the Blower Intake Filters
PV Powered recommends an annual inspection and cleaning of the blower intake filters.
Cleaning may be required more often depending on the location of the inverter.
The air intake hood is mounted on gas shocks. It must be in the open position to clean the
filters.
1. Using a flat-head screwdriver, turn each of the four retainer tabs a quarter turn. The
air intake hood can now be lifted to the open position.
72
PVP250kW & PVP260kW Inverter
Installation & Operation Manual
Figure 7-1 Air Intake Hood
2. Remove the four filters by loosening the wing nuts on the filter brackets.
3. Clean the filters by vacuuming or blowing out using an air hose with a diffuser.
4. After cleaning, inspect the filters for damage to the filters or frames.
Contact PV Powered if you wish to replace the filters or frames.
5. Reinsert the filters and close the air intake hood.
Blowers
Air Filters
Figure 7-2 Air Intake Hood in Raised Position for View of
Blower Intake Filters and Brackets
73
7.4 Maintaining the Card Cage Air Filter
The card cage features a secondary air filter to ensure long PCB life. The card cage air
filter is located under the intake air shroud above the card cage which is located on the
right side of the power module assembly in the upper cabinet.
Use the following instructions to access the secondary air filter and refer to Figure 7-3.
1. Remove the air intake shroud above the card cage. This will expose the air filter.
2. Remove the four screws on the card cage air filter.
3. Clean the filter with compressed air.
4. Once the filter is cleaned, replace the filter and shroud.
If the filter needs to be replaced, call PV Powered Technical Support at 1-877-312-3832,
or email [email protected]
Card Cage Air Shroud
Retainer Screws
Card Cage Air Filter
Figure 7-3 Card Cage Air Filter
7.5 Faults and Warnings
The display screen is the primary indicator of a possible problem with the inverter. If a
fault has occurred the inverter will cease power production until the fault is cleared. A
fault may be a latching or non-latching fault. A non-latching fault will be automatically
cleared if the fault condition is resolved and the inverter will restart automatically after
completing its startup sequence. A latching fault requires manual intervention to restart
the inverter.
If the inverter has faulted, the display screen will show the corresponding fault
information in a series of three or more screens.
•
The first screen – displays the fault code(s)
•
The second screen – displays a text description of the fault(s).
•
The third screen – displays technical support contact information.
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PVP250kW & PVP260kW Inverter
Installation & Operation Manual
The display will then cycle back to the first screen. A sample series of screens is shown in
Figure 7-4 below.
The complete list of fault codes are provided in Appendix D - Limits, Fault Codes, Torque
Values, and Wire Sizes as a guide.
Identifying the Inverter’s Fault Codes
Startup
Upon startup, the inverter will automatically scroll between the startup screens shown in
Figure 7-4.
Figure 7-4 Example of the Fault Display Screens
In addition, the inverter can also detect and display inverter warnings. Warnings are
displayed if a condition is detected that does not require the inverter to shut down but
may require attention. A sample warning screen is shown below in Figure 7-5.
A complete list of warnings can be found in Appendix D - Limits, Fault Codes, Torque
Values, and Wire Sizes.
Figure 7-5 Fault Example Screen
75
7.6 Troubleshooting Faults
!
!
WARNING
These servicing instructions are for use by qualified personnel only. To
reduce the risk of electric shock, do not perform any servicing other than that
specified in the operating instructions for someone of your qualifications.
AVERTISSEMENT
Ces instructions de maintenance sont destinées à être utilisées exclusivement
par du personnel qualifié. Afin de minimiser les risques d’électrocution,
vous êtes prié de ne pas effectuer d’autres opérations de maintenance que
celles spécifiées dans le manuel d’exploitation, en fonction votre niveau de
qualification.
Before performing advanced troubleshooting, the inverter must be deenergized as
described in 6.5 Shutdown Procedure.
!
!
DANGER
Risk of Electrical Shock. Allow five (5) minutes for internal power to
dissipate prior to entering the enclosure cabinet. Ensure all terminals are
voltage free with the use of a multimeter.
DANGER
Risque d’électrocution. Laissez passer cinq (5) minutes afin de permettre
la dissipation du courant interne avant d’ouvrir les panneaux du dispositif.
Utilisez un multimètre sur toutes les bornes afin de confirmer l’absence de
courant.
Prior to conducting the following troubleshooting steps, perform a visual inspection
targeting loose or disconnected wires, fuses, other connections or hardware problems. If
the visual inspection reveals potentially unsafe conditions, discontinue troubleshooting
and contact PV Powered Technical Support at 1-877-312-3832, or email [email protected]
pvpowered.com prior to proceeding.
AC Under Voltage Fault
If the inverter displays an AC Under Voltage fault and all the voltages going into the
inverter are within the tolerances specified in Appendix A - Specifications, refer to the
troubleshooting tips below.
1. If the main branch circuit breaker is not tripped, check the small fuses located on the
AC distribution PCB (there are nine in three sets of three). If one or more of these
fuses have opened, replace them with like parts (600VAC, 10A or 20A as required).
2. If any of the fuses were open, visually inspect the wiring. Look for frayed wires,
carbon marks indicating a short, or burned traces on the PCBs. If any of these conditions are present, DO NOT START THE INVERTER. Call PV Powered Technical
Support at 1-877-312-3832, or email [email protected] for replacement parts
or service.
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PVP250kW & PVP260kW Inverter
Installation & Operation Manual
Ground Fault
The inverter is equipped with a GFDI (Ground Fault Detector Interrupter). The purpose
of the GFDI is to detect a ground fault (unintended current flow from the solar panels to
earth ground) and in this event, disable the inverter.
!
WARNING
For the GFDI circuit to function as designed, the solar array safety ground
must not be connected to the PV array positive or negative leads.
Bonding the safety ground to the grounded leg of the array anywhere but
through the inverter will cause the GFDI circuit to be bypassed. This would
defeat the operation of the GFDI and potentially create an unsafe operating
condition.
!
AVERTISSEMENT
Pour que le circuit GFDI fonctionne normalement, la prise de terre de sécurité
du système PV ne doit pas être branché aux câbles positifs ou négatifs des
piles PV.
Brancher la prise de terre de sécurité au pied des piles ou à toute autre partie
que l’onduleur causerait une mise hors circuit du GFDI. Ceci ne empêcherait
le fonctionnement normale du circuit GFDI et créerait des conditions de
fonctionnement potentiellement dangereuses.
The GFDI functions using a 5A fuse to connect or bond the solar array Negative (or the
solar array Positive, if using a positively grounded panel array) to earth ground on the DC
Distribution PCB.
If the ground fault current exceeds 5A between the grounded array terminal and the
earth ground, the GFDI fuse will open and disconnect the solar panels from their ground
reference, interrupting the ground fault. In this situation, the inverter will cease operation
and show a ground fault message on the inverter.
If the inverter displays a ground fault, turn the ON/OFF switch on the display to OFF,
then turn off the AC and DC to the inverter.
A ground fault may be caused by the following:
1. A configuration error during commissioning.
2. Switching the grounded conductor in the DC disconnect. For a negatively grounded
system, the positive leg should be broken in the DC disconnect. For a positively
grounded system, the negative leg should be broken in the DC disconnect.
3. A pinched wire in the installation connecting some part of the array or DC wiring to
earth ground.
4. In the case of a multiple inverter installation, mismatched array strings.
77
Repairing a Ground Fault
DANGER
!
Risk of Electrical Shock. Allow five (5) minutes for internal power to
dissipate prior to entering the enclosure cabinet. Ensure all terminals are
voltage free with the use of a multimeter.
DANGER
!
Risque d’électrocution. Laissez passer cinq (5) minutes afin de permettre
la dissipation du courant interne avant d’ouvrir les panneaux du dispositif.
Utilisez un multimètre sur toutes les bornes afin de confirmer l’absence de
courant.
DANGER
!
Verify that no shock hazard exists between both fuse terminals and earth
ground before removing the fuse. A 600V rated fuse pulling device is
required.
DANGER
!
Vérifiez qu’aucun risque de court-circuit n’existe entre les bornes des fusibles
et la masse avant d’enlever le fusible. L’utilisation d’un extracteur de fusible
d’une capacité de 600V est requise.
Open the DC side door and find the DC Distribution PCB (Figure 1-7). Inspect the 5A
GFDI fuse for continuity using a multimeter. If the fuse is open, a ground fault exists
outside the inverter. Identify and repair the ground fault and replace the fuse. Close the
door and restart the inverter following the instructions described in Start Up Procedure.
If the fuse is not open, continue troubleshooting by following the steps below. With the
GFDI fuse removed:
1. Check for continuity (ohms) across the GFDI fuse. If the meter indicates no continuity then a ground fault likely exists.
•
Check the DC voltage between the grounded terminal of the array and earth
ground. The voltage should be less than 30 volts with the GFDI fuse removed.
If the voltage is higher than 30 volts, a ground fault likely still exists. Check the
array wiring. For the best results, perform this test with the DC disconnect in both
the ON and OFF positions.
•
Make sure the grounded leg of the solar array is not disconnected in the DC disconnect.
2. Once the ground fault condition has been eliminated, verify the voltage between earth
ground and the grounded side of the PV array is less than 30 volts.
3. Ensure the DC disconnect is in the OFF position and install the new GFDI fuse.
4. Follow section Start Up Procedure to restart the inverter.
If the ground fault cannot be eliminated, contact PV Powered Technical Support at
1-877-312-3832, or email [email protected]
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PVP250kW & PVP260kW Inverter
Installation & Operation Manual
7.7 Communication PCB Status Light Operation
Communication PCB LED Lights
All PV Powered commercial inverters include four status LED lights to help troubleshoot
system operation:
Link – Indicates presence of a hardware Ethernet connection
Activity (or ACT) – Indicates internet traffic
Status – Indicates communication status
Modbus – Indicates activity on the Modbus network
Location of Communication PCB LED Lights
The communication PCB’s four LED lights can be found in two locations.
•
Communication card – The primary location is on the face of the communication
card which resides in the card cage in the right side of the Power Module Assembly.
Refer to Figure 7-6.
•
Comm X PCB – The additional set of LED lights are on the Comm X PCB located
in the Data Monitoring Section in the front upper right of the inverter. These four
lights are surface mount LEDs located near the Ethernet connector. Refer to Figure
7-7. These lights are redundant and are synchronized with those in the Power Module
cabinet’s Communication card.
}
Status LED Lights
Figure 7-6 Communications Card with Status LED Lights
79
Link Light
Activity Light
Status Light
Figure 7-7 Comm X PCB Lights
Link LED Operation and Signaling
•
The Link LED remains on if a hardware Ethernet connection is found.
•
The LED is off if there is no hardware Ethernet connection.
•
There are no flash codes for the Link LED.
Activity LED Operation and Signaling
•
The Activity LED (called ACT on some circuit PCBs) flashes to indicate the presence
of internet traffic.
•
There are no flash codes for the Activity LED.
Status LED Operation and Signaling
•
During the startup sequence the Status LED is on solid for a few seconds, then flashes
quickly for several seconds while the communications device looks for an Internet
connection.
•
After a few seconds, the Status LED flashes more slowly while serial communication
is established with the inverter’s main processor.
•
Once serial communication is established, the Status LED should remain on unless a
fault occurs.
The Status LED will flash status codes if any problem is found.
•
Each code is a comprised of a series of three flashes, followed by a pause.
•
Each flash can be either a short or long flash. A short flash is approximately 0.2 seconds and a long flash is approximately 0.5 seconds.
•
The pause between flashes is one second.
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PVP250kW & PVP260kW Inverter
Installation & Operation Manual
The following list provides the status codes and their meaning.
Status
Flash Code
Normal Operation On steady, no flashing
Serial Communication Fault
Short-Long-Short
DNS Failure
Long-Short-Short
Network Connection Fault
Short-Short-Long
Table 7-1 Status LED Flash Codes
Status LED Code Descriptions
Normal Operation: Inverter communications are operating normally.
Serial Communication Fault: The communication PCB in the inverter communicates
with the inverter’s main processor via serial communication. If the communication PCB
cannot establish communication with the main processor, the Serial Communication
Fault code will flash.
Note: It is normal for this status code to flash for a few seconds during startup.
DNS Failure: The inverter uses a DNS (Domain Name Service) server to resolve the IP
address of the PV Powered database when it posts the data, once every 15 minutes. If the
DNS server cannot be found, or does not return a valid IP address, the DNS Failure code
will flash for a minute or so while the inverter is trying to post. After several retries, the
inverter will try to force a post to a hardcoded IP address. If this post succeeds, the LED
will go back to normal operation until the next post again tries to connect to the DNS
server.
Network Connection Fault: This status code flashes when the inverter cannot post data
to the PV Powered database server. The Network Connection Fault status code starts
flashing only after the inverter has tried to post data to the PV Powered server. The Status
LED may indicate normal operation before this occurs. This can happen in the following
circumstances:
•
The network cable is not connected.
•
The network does not have a DHCP server or the DHCP server did not give a valid
IP address to the inverter.
•
The PV Powered server is down for maintenance.
•
Any other network problem that does not allow the post to make it to the PV Powered server.
Modbus LED Operation and Signaling
If the inverter is connected as a slave device on a Modbus network, the Modbus LED
will flash quickly whenever there is activity on the network. The quick flashes will be
seen even if the Modbus commands are not addressed to the inverter. These quick flashes
enable the installer to troubleshoot the system by verifying that communications are
occurring on the network. If the inverter sees and responds to a message that is addressed
81
to it, the flashes will be longer in duration. A series of longer (slower) flashes indicates
the inverter is responding to the Modbus master request.
Periodic short and long flashes will be seen when communications occur on a Modbus
network that contains multiple Modbus slave devices.
If only short flashes are seen:
•
Check the inverter Modbus address switches and make sure they correspond to the
address programmed into the Modbus master.
•
Confirm that the baud rate and other communication parameters of the Modbus master are set correctly.
For further Modbus network configuration details see Appendix D - Limits, Fault Codes,
Torque Values, and Wire Sizes.
7.8 Controller PCB Status Light Operation
There are two lights on the front of the Controller PCB, a green and a red light.
If the green light is on:
•
The inverter is on and ready to produce power.
If the red light is on:
•
Solid red — the inverter is in a faulted condition that will be auto reset by the inverter
if the fault condition is cleared.
•
Flashing red — there is a latching fault. A latching fault requires manual intervention
prior to the inverter restart.
If the red light is on or flashing, a fault code should be shown on the display. See
Appendix D - Limits, Fault Codes, Torque Values, and Wire Sizes for a description of the
fault codes.
82
Appendix A - Specifications
Characteristic
PVP250kW
(600VAC)
PVP250kW
(480VAC)
PVP260kW
(480VAC)
PVP260kW-LV
(480VAC)
AC Characteristics Continuous power (AC)
249.5kW
3 phase, 4 wire Y
Grid type
Nominal AC voltages (VAC)
260kW
(not compatible with delta service)
600 Y
480 Y
Maximum output fault current and duration
1200A/29 ms
(Also called maximum fault current contribution)
Maximum utility backfeed current (A)
593
AC maximum continuous current (A)
243
304
CEC efficiency (%)
96.5
96.5
316
97
Peak efficiency (%)
97.7
Frequency range
59.3 - 60.5Hz
(-12% to +10%)
AC voltage range set points (default)
AC operating range (V)
96.5
528VAC –
660VAC
423VAC – 528VAC
Power factor at full power
> .99
THD (%)
< 3%
Standby losses (W)
90
67
Utility interconnect voltage trip limits and times
See Appendix D
Utility frequency trip limits and times
See Appendix D
DC Characteristics
DC input busbar rating
1,600 A
Maximum operating input current (A)
890
925
Subcombiner DC fuse options
(1600A max. total fusing)
1,030
75A - 400A
295-595
Maximum Voc
265-595
600
Startup voltage VDC
330
300
General Specifications
Cooling
Forced Convection
Operating ambient temperature range (°C)
-30 to 50°
Standby/storage ambient temperature range (°C)
-40 to 60°
83
APPENDIX A
MPPT range
PVP250kW
(600VAC)
Characteristic
Limits of accuracy time measurement
PVP250kW
(480VAC)
PVP260kW
(480VAC)
PVP260kW-LV
(480VAC)
+/- 0.1 sec
Enclosure rating
NEMA 4
Dimensions (H x W X D in inches)
93 1/2 x 98 7/8 x 41 3/8
Maximum weight (lbs)
5,000
Relative humidity (%)
0-95%, non-condensing
Maximum heat rejection rate (BTU/hr)
41,000
Maximum blower air flow rate (CFM)
2,300
Altitude (ft)
6,000
Display
VFD 4x20
Interface options
RS232 & Ethernet
Communications protocol
RS-485, IP over Ethernet
Standard warranty
10 years
UL1741, CSA107.1-1, IEEE519, IEEE929,
IEEE1547, FCC Class A
Certifications & Compliances1,2
Construction
Powder coated steel with hot-dipped zinc base
Isolation transformer
Yes
Startup power (W)
1,800
< 65 dBA at 8 ft
< 59 dBA at 50 ft
Noise emission (dBA) 3 - typical value at full load
Options
UL approved positive grounding
Yes
Commercial grade data monitoring solutions
Yes
Preventative maintenance program
Yes
Extended warranty - 20 year
Yes
Range of integrated fused sub-array combiners
from one to nine fuses from 75 to 600 Amps
Yes
Table A-1 Product Specifications Data
Notes:
1. The PVP250kW and PVP260kW Inverters comply with FCC Part 15 Class A conducted requirements. Radiated will be tested at a
later date and will be tested to CISPR, not FCC.
2. The PVP250kW and PVP260kW Inverters are designed to meet or exceed NEC Article 690 and UL1741-2005 Static Inverters
and Charge Controllers for use in Photovoltaic Power Systems, which includes testing for IEEE 1547.1-2005, IEEE 929-2000
and IEEE519-2000.
3. Declared Single-Number Noise Emission Values in Accordance with ISO 4871. dBA = A-weighted time average sound pressure
level, LpAd in decibels. 50 ft. data is extrapolated from the 8 ft. data.
Limits:
Limits of accuracy of voltage measurement and energy production measurements +/- 5%
Limits of accuracy of frequency measurement +/- 0.1Hz
84
Appendix B - Wiring Diagram
Refer to the following pages for the PVP250kW and PVP260kW wiring diagram.
APPENDIX B
85
2
3
4
5
6
PROPRIETARY INFORMATION
PV Powered, Inc. CONFIDENTIAL &
7
8
Revision Record
PV Powered, Inc. CONFIDENTIAL &
PROPRIETARY INFORMATION
LTR
DC BULKHEAD
MAGNETICS COMPARTMENT
1
2
1
2
AUX NO
1
AC CONTACT STATUS
1
DC+ CKT2
2
1
A
DC DISTRIBUTION
6
4
2
5
5
3
4
6
1
A_OUT
DC CONT STATUS
DC CONTACTOR
Load Rated
DC+ CKT13
DC+ CKT14
TO CONTROL
B_IN
2
B_OUT
C_IN
3
2
6
1
2
+
2
250kW to Grid/Utility
480/600Vac, 3 phase, 60Hz
1
6
+
AC DISTRIBUTION
C PHASE CT
SOFT START
CONTACTOR
+
B PHASE CT
3
PLC COIL
INTERFACE
+
A
GND
B
C
GROUND FAULT FUSE
4
2
6
2
4
3
1
2
1
1
POS_IN
SOFT START DRIVE
3
POS_OUT
GND
GND
20A 600V FUSES
8A 600V FUSES
1
GND
6
5
4
3
2
1
B
DC+
GND
AC SURGE STATUS
VOLTAGE MEASURE
DC SURGE
DC+ CKT6
1
R9
7
3 PHASE AC OUT
DC+ CKT4
DC+ CKT5
5
48V CONTACT POWER
5A
DC+ CKT3
6
R8
5
DC+ CKT1
1
R7
2
A PHASE CT
1
THRESHOLD
DETECT
GROUND
2
3 PHASE 480V
DC 16
DC 15
DC 14
DC 13
DC 4
DC 3
DC 2
DC 1
CURRENT MEASURE
48V CONTACT POWER
TO CONTROL
DC+ CKT2
INSTALLER
LANDINGS
GND
DC MEASURE
OPTIONAL
260kW to Grid/Utility
480Vac, 3 phase, 60Hz
AC CONTACT DRIVE
7
8 CIRCUIT COMBINER
200A FUSING
C PHASE
48V CONTACT POWER
4
DC CONTACT DRIVE
A
B PHASE
PLC COIL
INTERFACE
PRECHARGE
GFDI
A PHASE
7
SWITCHING
INDUCTORS
3
DC+ CKT16
DC POS
1
5
5
DC FILTER
DC SURGE STATUS
2
NEG_IN
AC SURGE
VA L-N
DC IN
DC+ CKT7
4
NEG_OUT
TO CONTROL
IGBT DRIVE
RIPPLE
CAPS
GND
VB L-N
VC L-N
DC-
DC+ CKT8
PWM
600Vac Inverter includes 480V
transformer for components below.
TO CONTROL
DC 8
DC 7
DC 6
DC 5
DC 4
DC 3
DC 2
DC 1
HEATSINK TEMP
DESAT
4 CIRCUIT COMBINER
400A FUSING
24V
DRIVE BAY
DC 1
OPTIONAL
DC 2
DC+ CKT1
DC 3
Revenue-Grade
DC Current Meter
DC 4
Modbus 4
DC+ CKT2
48V METER
Power In
OPTIONAL
CONTROL CENTER
3 Phase V Sense
DC+ CKT3
DC+ CKT4
24V
SECONDARY 24V SUPPLY
C PHASE CT
OPTIONAL
Modbus 3
COMM-X
OPTIONAL
MODBUS 2
24Vdc @ 100W
COMMUNICATION
480Vac
RJ 45
Ethernet
RS 485
Modbus
DC OK
CAT5
C
MODBUS 3-4
MODBUS 2-3
24V STATUS
Comm
Power Dist.
TO CONTROL
48V
PRIMARY 48V SUPPLY
RS 232
48V POWER IN
48Vdc @ 960W
480Vac
10V
+15V
ACT
5V
-15V
Modbus
1
2
USER INPUT 1
Status
TO CONTROL
USER INPUT 2
15A
MODBUS 1-2
AC CONTACT STATUS
RESET
1
2
3
Modbus
Headers are for field
connections.
POST
15A
AC CONTACT DRIVE
Ethernet
GND
VFD Data
DC- CKT20
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
INVERTER ON/OFF
3A
DC- CKT19
DC SURGE STATUS
CAT5
DISPLAY PAUSE/SCROLL
15A
DC CONT STATUS
DC CONTACT DRIVE
GND
INTERFACE
48V CONTACT POWER
48V METER
5V
OPTIONAL
DISPLAY
Link
FAULT
508 Panel
Modbus 1
24V
48V STATUS
OK
3.3V
480Vac
DC OK
15A
PWM
SERVICE
COM PORT
48V CONTROL POWER
DC- CKT2
DC- CKT3
1
6
2
7
3
8
4
9
5
MODBUS 2-1
1
3
4
5
6
7
8
10
11
12
13
14
I/O Ext.
Controller
CONTROL CENTER
DC- CKT1
DC NEG
Revenue-Grade
Power Meter
MODBUS 3-4
FAN TACH 3
FAN DRIVE 3
FAN TACH 2
FAN DRIVE 2
FAN TACH 1
FAN DRIVE 1
VFD Data
USER INPUT 2
USER INPUT 1
RS 232
RS 485
RJ 45
VC L-N
VB L-N
VA L-N
DESAT
HEATSINK TEMP
PWM
C PHASE CT
B PHASE CT
A PHASE CT
GFDI
DC MEASURE
MODBUS 3-4
PRECHARGE
OTHER FUSING OPTIONS:
20 x 75A
10 x 150A
5 x 300A
CUSTOM
PV MEASURE
MODBUS 3-4
DC 16
C
B PHASE CT
A PHASE CT
MODBUS 3-2
DC POS
PROPRIETARY INFORMATION
4
2
DC+ CKT15
B
2
C PHASE CT
PV MEASURE
1
2
A_IN
C_OUT
AUX NO
1
3
B PHASE CT
DC POS
DC+ CKT3
DC+ CKT4
AC FILTER
Y-Y ISOLATION XFMR
AC DISCONNECT
Load Rated
2
+
S2
A PHASE CT
DC+ CKT1
Date
AC CONTACTOR
Load Rated
+
OPTIONAL
Approved
AC BULKHEAD
DC DISCONNECT
Load Rated
16 CIRCUIT COMBINER
100A FUSING
ECO Number:
PROPRIETARY INFORMATION
1
SOFT START DRIVE
FAN DRIVE 1
15A
GROUND
AC SURGE STATUS
VFD 4x20 Character
FAN TACH 1
D
D
48V STATUS
GND
FAN DRIVE 2
SERVICE FUSES
TO CONTROL
FAN TACH 2
24V STATUS
FAN DRIVE 3
INSTALLER LANDINGS
FAN TACH 3
265-500Vdc, 600Vdc Max
1030A Max
PROPRIETARY INFORMATION
PV Powered, Inc. CONFIDENTIAL &
1
2
3
PV Powered, Inc. CONFIDENTIAL &
PROPRIETARY INFORMATION
4
5
6
Drawn: JLO
Date: 04/02/09
Checked:
Date:
QC:
Date:
Released:
Date:
Title
PVP260kW and PVP250kW System Diagram
Number: *
Revision: B
Size: C
Date: 6/22/2011 Time: 11:14:05 AMSheet *
of *
20720 Brinson
Blvd
PV Powered,
Inc.
Bend, 150
OR 97701
SW Scalehouse Loop
541 312
3832OR 97702 USA
Bend,
www.pvpowered.com
(541) 312-3832
File: C:\Documents and Settings\skarr\Desktop\New Commercial Documents\260KW_System_CustomerVersion.SchDoc
7
8
86
Appendix C - Mechanical Drawings
Refer to the following pages for mechanical drawings of the PVP250kW and PVP260kW
inverters.
APPENDIX C
87
Figure C-1 PVP250kW/PVP260kW Mechanical Drawing - View 1
88
A
B
C
D
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
34 "
7 9 1 /4 "
9 3"
4
LEFT S I D E V I E W
33 1 /8 "
4 1 3 /8 "
6 1 /2 "
1 8 7 /8 "
3
F RO N T V I E W
104"
9 4 3 /4 "
3
TH IS D R AW IN G IS TH E P R O P E R TY O F P V PO W E R E D AN D M U S T N O T B E L O AN E D ,
C O PIE D IN W H O L E O R IN P AR T, O R U S E D F O R M AN U F AC TU R IN G O R TE N D E R IN G
P U R P O S E S W ITH O U T W R ITTE N C O N S E N T. IT M U ST B E R E TU R N E D O N D E M AN D .
P R O P R I E T A R Y N O TI C E
DC COM BINER PANEL
C
21"
CG
DC G LAND PLATE
21" X 7 " C UTO UT O P E N I N G
D C D I SC O N N EC T
KEY AC CESSIBLE
DO O R LATC H TY PI C AL
DI SPLAY AND
CO NTRO L PANEL
G E N E R A L M A T E R I A L : M I L D S TE E L .
G E N E R A L F I N I S H : P O W D E R C O A T, R A L 7 0 3 8 .
N E M A RA TI N G : 4
A P P R O X I M A TE W E I G H T: 4 8 0 0 L B S .
P R O V I D E W O R K I N G C L E A R A N C E S P E R N E C 1 1 0 .2 6 .
N O TE S :
4
AN G LES
± 2°
F IN IS H
T R E AT M E N T
D O N O T S C A LE D R AW IN G
D EC IM ALS
. X X ± .0 3
.X X X ± .0 1 0
U N L E S S O TH E R W IS E S PE C IF IE D
D I M E N S IO N S A R E IN I N C H E S .
TO L E R A N C E S AR E :
U P DATED C ABI N ET ASSEM BLY TO THE LATEST R EVI S I ON , U P D AT ED R EB AR .
U P D AT ED G LAN D P LAT E N O TES ,
B.01
C
AE O
AE O
2
RO
R E L E A SE T O P R O D .
BH
EN G R M A N AG ER
EN G R
TH IR D AN G L E PR O J E C TIO N
B
SI ZE
D AT E
8 /4 / 2 0 1 1
1 1 / 9 / 20 1 0
1 1 / 2 0 /2 0 0 9
5 /7 /2 0 0 9
JL R
AE O
AE O
AE O
AP P R O VED
1 :3 0
P AR T N O .
C AL C . W T
A C T. W T
6 0 -6 0 0 0 1 8 -0 1
1
SH EET
C
1 OF 4
REV.
I N S T A L L A TI O N S P E C I F I C E N C L O S U R E D E T A I L , 2 6 0 k W I N V E R T E R
TI T L E
S imply More Re lia ble Solar
P V P o w er ed
1 8F E B 09 S C A L E
1 8F E B 09
1 8F E B 09
1 8F E B 09
D A TE
REVENUE G RADE
M ETER, (OPTI O NAL)
A PPRO VALS
DRAW N
96 1/ 4"
AC DISCON NECT
1
2 0 7 2 0 B r in s o n B l v d .
B end , O R 977 01
5 4 1 - 3 1 2 -3 8 3 2
ADD ED D I M EN SI O N FO R S I DE G LAN D P LAT E F R OM BAC K
AD DED SI ESM I C O PTI O N N OTE.
A.0 2
I S O M E TRI C V I E W
M AN U FAC TU RI N G RELEASE
D ES C R I P T I O N
R EVI S I O N H I S T O R Y
A.0 1
R EV.
DATA M ONI TORING BAY
2
A
B
C
D
C.1 PVP250kW/PVP260kW Mechanical Drawings
Figure C-2 PVP250kW/PVP260kW Mechanical Drawing - View 2
89
A
B
C
D
4
4
3 2"
DC G LAND PLATE
CLEAR OPENI NG, 21" X 7"
3 4 5 /8 "
BOTTOM VI EW
100"
3
TH IS D R AW IN G IS TH E P R O P E R TY O F P V PO W E R E D AN D M U S T N O T B E L O AN E D ,
C O PIE D IN W H O L E O R IN P AR T, O R U S E D F O R M AN U F AC TUR IN G O R TE N D E R IN G
P U R P O S E S W ITH O U T W R ITTE N C O N S E N T. IT M U ST B E R E TU R N E D O N D E M AN D .
P R O P R I E T A R Y N O TI C E
16 "
3
AN G LES
± 2°
F IN IS H
T R E AT M E N T
D O N O T S C A LE D R AW IN G
D EC IM ALS
. X X ± .0 3
.X X X ± .0 1 0
U N L E S S O TH E R W IS E S PE C IF IE D
D I M E N S IO N S A R E IN I N C H E S .
TO L E R A N C E S AR E :
4 0 1 /8 "
AE O
AE O
2
RO
R E L E A SE T O P R O D .
BH
EN G R M A N AG ER
EN G R
DRAW N
A PPRO VALS
TH IR D AN G L E PR O J E C TIO N
A
3 3 1 /8 "
6 1/2 "
B
SI ZE
2 0 7 2 0 B r in s o n B l v d .
B end , O R 977 01
5 4 1 - 3 1 2 -3 8 3 2
1
1 :2 0
P AR T N O .
C AL C . W T
A C T. W T
6 0 -6 0 0 0 1 8 -0 1
1
SH EET
C
2 OF 4
REV.
I N S T A L L A TI O N S P E C I F I C E N C L O S U R E D E T A I L , 2 6 0 k W I N V E R T E R
1 8F E B 09 S C A L E
1 8F E B 09
1 8F E B 09
1 8F E B 09
D A TE
TI T L E
S imply More Re lia ble Solar
D ETA I L A
� 1 1/8"
P V P o w er ed
AC G LAN D PLATE
CLEAR OPENI NG, 10" X 7"
2
A
B
C
D
PVP250kW & PVP260kW Inverter
Installation & Operation Manual
Figure C-3 PVP250kW/PVP260kW Mechanical Drawing - View 3
90
A
B
C
D
4
4
1 08 5/ 8"
C
AC G LAN D P LATE,
C UTO UT OPENING 21" X 7"
TO P V I E W D O O RS O P E N
3
20"
7 1 /2 "
AN G LES
± 2°
F IN IS H
T R E AT M E N T
D O N O T S C A LE D R AW IN G
D EC IM ALS
. X X ± .0 3
.X X X ± .0 1 0
U N L E S S O TH E R W IS E S PE C IF IE D
D I M E N S IO N S A R E IN I N C H E S .
TO L E R A N C E S AR E :
RI GH T SI D E V I EW
TH IS D R AW IN G IS TH E P R O P E R TY O F P V PO W E R E D AN D M U S T N O T B E L O AN E D ,
C O PIE D IN W H O L E O R IN P AR T, O R U S E D F O R M AN U F AC TU R IN G O R TE N D E R IN G
P U R P O S E S W ITH O U T W R ITTE N C O N S E N T. IT M U ST B E R E TU R N E D O N D E M AN D .
P R O P R I E T A R Y N O TI C E
R I G HT S I D E V I E W
ACC ESS PANELS O PEN
62°
6 9 1 /8 "
3
AE O
AE O
2
RO
R E L E A SE T O P R O D .
BH
EN G R M A N AG ER
EN G R
DRAW N
A PPRO VALS
TH IR D AN G L E PR O J E C TIO N
2
B
SI ZE
2 0 7 2 0 B r in s o n B l v d .
B end , O R 977 01
5 4 1 - 3 1 2 -3 8 3 2
1 :3 0
P AR T N O .
C AL C . W T
A C T. W T
6 0 -6 0 0 0 1 8 -0 1
1
SH EET
C
3 OF 4
REV.
I N S TA L L A TI O N S P E C I F I C E N C L O SU R E D E TA I L , 2 6 0 k W I N V E R TE R
S imply More Re lia ble Solar
TI T L E
1 8F E B 09 S C A L E
1 8F E B 09
1 8F E B 09
1 8F E B 09
D A TE
7 1 /2 "
P V P o w er ed
BAC K VI EW
34 "
TO P V I E W
1
A
B
C
D
Figure C-4 PVP250kW/PVP260kW Mechanical Drawing - View 4
91
A
B
C
D
4
3
2
3" C L R
3
AN G LES
± 2°
F IN IS H
T R E AT M E N T
D O N O T S C A LE D R AW IN G
D EC IM ALS
. X X ± .0 3
.X X X ± .0 1 0
U N L E S S O TH E R W IS E S PE C IF IE D
D I M E N S IO N S A R E IN I N C H E S .
TO L E R A N C E S AR E :
SEI SM IC ANCHORAG E REQ UI REM ENTS
2007 CBC - BASED O N ASCE 7-05
AE O
AE O
2
RO
R E L E A SE T O P R O D .
BH
EN G R M A N AG ER
EN G R
DRAW N
A PPRO VALS
TH IR D AN G L E PR O J E C TIO N
OPTI ON 2: THE ANCHORS M UST BE 1" DIAM ETER STAINLESS
STEEL RODS (304/316) EM BEDDED 8" INTO THE CO NCRETE
USING HILTI RE-500SD EPOXY.
S imply More Re lia ble Solar
SI ZE
B
2 0 7 2 0 B r in s o n B l v d .
B end , O R 977 01
5 4 1 - 3 1 2 -3 8 3 2
1
1 :3
P AR T N O .
C AL C . W T
A C T. W T
6 0 -6 0 0 0 1 8 -0 1
1
SH EET
C
4 OF 4
REV.
I N S TA L L A TI O N SP E C I F I C E N C L O SU R E D E TA I L , 2 6 0 k W I N V E R TE R
TI T L E
P V P o w er ed
1 8F E B 09 S C A L E
1 8F E B 09
1 8F E B 09
1 8F E B 09
D A TE
14"
M INIM UM THI CKNESS
9" M INIM UM DEPTH
OPTION 1: THE ANCHORS M UST BE 1" DIAM ETER SI M PSON
STRONG BOLTS EM BEDDED TO A DEPTH O F 9". (USE OF
TH I S ANCHORAGE I S LIM ITED TO DRY, INTERIOR LOCATI ONS.)
1 0 0± 1 \/ 16 "
TH IS D R AW IN G IS TH E P R O P E R TY O F P V PO W E R E D AN D M U S T N O T B E L O AN E D ,
C O PIE D IN W H O L E O R IN P AR T, O R U S E D F O R M AN U F AC TU R IN G O R TE N D E R IN G
P U R P O S E S W ITH O U T W R ITTE N C O N S E N T. IT M U ST B E R E TU R N E D O N D E M AN D .
P R O P R I E T A R Y N O TI C E
1 "C L R
3 "C L R
16 ± 1\ / 16 "
3 2± 1 \/ 16 "
12" M INIM UM EDGE DISTANCE
NOTE: THIS DRAWING DEFINES INSTALLATION COM PLIANT WITH SEISM I C ZONE 4 REQUI REM ENTS.
IF SI ESM IC ZONE 4 COM PLIANCE I S NOT REQUIRED THI S M OUNTING TECHNI QUE IS OPTIONAL.
REINFO RC ED WI TH A TO P AND BOTTOM LAY ER OF REBAR
#4e 16"O C EAC H WAY TO P AND BOTTOM , ASTM A615-GR60.
3" CLEAR BOTTOM AND PERI M ETER, 1" M I N CLEAR TOP.
4
A
B
C
D
PVP250kW & PVP260kW Inverter
Installation & Operation Manual
92
Appendix D - Limits, Fault Codes, Torque
Values, and Wire Sizes
Factory setting
(VAC or Hz)
Range (VAC)
Maximum
Trip Time(s)
Voltage phase high
304.8
304.8 – 332.5
1.0
Voltage phase low
243.9
216.1 – 243.9
2.0
Voltage phase fast high
332.5
332.5
0.16
Voltage phase fast low
138.6
138.6
0.16
Voltage phase high
381.1
381.1 – 415.7
1.0
Voltage phase low
304.8
270.2 – 314.8
2.0
Voltage phase fast high
415.7
415.7
0.16
Voltage phase fast low
173.2
173.2
0.16
Line frequency low
59.3 Hz
57.5-59.8
0.16
Line frequency high
60.5 Hz
60.5
0.16
Condition
480VAC Configuration
600VAC Configuration
All Configurations
Condition
Adjustable Setting (VAC) or (Hz)
AC Voltage Field Adjustable Trip Points (% of Nominal)
-22% to +20%
Accessible Range of Low Frequency Setting (Hz)
(Limits of Accuracy Frequency Measurement +/-0.1
Hz)
Adjustable low trip 57.5-59.8
High trip fixed at 60.5
Accessible range of Trip Times
(Limits of Accuracy Time Measurement +/- 0.1 sec.)
.16 to 300 seconds
Table D-2 Adjustable Voltage and Frequency Limits
93
APPENDIX D
Table D-1 Voltage and Frequency Limits
PVP250kW and PVP260kW Faults and Warnings
Fault Variables
The PVP250kW and PVP260kW firmware utilizes one, 16-bit variable (fault) to indicate
a fault condition. Each bit in this fault variable represents the fault type or category. The
bit assignments and specific fault variables for the fault categories are as follows:
Bit
Nbr.
Description
Hex
Value
Decimal
Value
Modbus register number = 42102
Drive fault
0
1
1
Voltage fault
1
2
2
Grid fault
2
4
4
Temperature fault
3
8
8
System fault
4
10
16
Latching fault
15
8000
32768
Table D-3 Main Fault Categories
For each fault category, another fault variable further specifies which fault has occurred
within this category. The following tables list the faults for each category (variable).
The following table lists the drive protection faults, gate or current.
Hexadecimal
Value
0001
Display String
Description
DRIVE A LOW
Drive protection fault, phase A low
0002
DRIVE A HIGH
Drive protection fault, phase B high
0004
DRIVE B LOW
Drive protection fault, phase C low
0008
DRIVE B HIGH
Drive protection fault, phase A high
0010
DRIVE C LOW
Drive protection fault, phase B low
0020
DRIVE C HIGH
Drive protection fault, phase C high
0040
HW OVERCURRENT A
Peak over-current, phase A
0080
HW OVERCURRENT B
Peak over-current, phase B
0100
HW OVERCURRENT C
Peak over-current, phase C
0200
RMS OVERCURRENT A
RMS over-current, phase A
0400
RMS OVERCURRENT B
RMS over-current, phase B
0800
RMS OVERCURRENT C
RMS over-current, phase C
1000
DC OVERVOLTAGE
DC volts over range
2000
DC UNDERVOLTAGE
DC volts under range
Table D-4 Drive Faults
94
PVP250kW & PVP260kW Inverter
Installation & Operation Manual
The following table lists the voltage faults, including VAC sense, VDC and power supply
faults.
Hexadecimal
Value
Display String
Description
0001
VAC OVER PEAK A
Peak AC voltage high, phase A
0002
VAC OVER PEAK B
Peak AC voltage high, phase A
0004
VAC OVER PEAK C
Peak AC voltage high, phase A
0008
PLL FAULT
Control PLL fault
0010
AC UNBALANCED FAULT
AC voltages unbalanced
0020
DC OVER VOLTAGE
DC voltage high
0040
POWER SUPPLY P5
5V power supply fault
0080
POWER SUPPLY P15
15V power supply fault
0100
POWER SUPPLY M15
-15V power supply fault
0200
POWER SUPPLY 10
10V power supply fault
0400
POWER SUPPLY 24
24V power supply fault
0800
POWER SUPPLY 48
48V power supply fault
1000
DC PRECHARGE
DC precharge fault
2000
PV-DC DELTA
PV input and DC bus voltage delta
Table D-5 Voltage Fault (VLT)
The grid faults in the following table include grid interactive voltage and frequency faults.
Hexadecimal
Value
Display String
Description
0001
AC FAST UNDERVOLT A
Fast AC voltage low, phase A
0002
AC FAST UNDERVOLT B
Fast AC voltage low, phase B
0004
AC FAST UNDERVOLT C
Fast AC voltage low, phase C
0008
AC SLOW UNDERVOLT A
Slow AC voltage low, phase A
0010
AC SLOW UNDERVOLT B
Slow AC voltage low, phase B
0020
AC SLOW UNDERVOLT C
Slow AC voltage low, phase C
0040
AC FAST OVERVOLT A
Fast AC voltage high, phase A
0080
AC FAST OVERVOLT B
Fast AC voltage high, phase B
0100
AC FAST OVERVOLT C
Fast AC voltage high, phase C
0200
AC SLOW OVERVOLT A
Slow AC voltage high, phase A
0400
AC SLOW OVERVOLT B
Slow AC voltage high, phase B
0800
AC SLOW OVERVOLT C
Slow AC voltage high, phase C
1000
AC UNDER FREQ
Low frequency fault
2000
AC OVER FREQ
High frequency fault
Table D-6 Grid Fault (GRD)
The following table lists the temperature faults.
95
Hexadecimal
Value
Display String
Description
0001
HEATSINK TEMP A1
Module heat-sink A1 temperature high
0002
HEATSINK TEMP A2
Module heat-sink A2 temperature high
0004
HEATSINK TEMP B1
Module heat-sink B1 temperature high
0008
HEATSINK TEMP B2
Module heat-sink B2 temperature high
0010
HEATSINK TEMP C1
Module heat-sink C1 temperature high
0020
HEATSINK TEMP C2
Module heat-sink C2 temperature high
0040
BOARD TEMP HI
Control board temperature high
0080
DRIVE TEMP LOW
Drive temperature low
0100
MAGNETICS TEMP HI
Magnetics temperature high
0200
AMBIENT TEMP LOW
Ambient temperature low
0400
MAG TEMP LOW
Magnetics temperature low
0800
IPM TEMP HIGH
IPM temperature high
Table D-7 Temperature Fault (TMP)
The following table lists the miscellaneous system faults.
Hexadecimal
Value
Display String
Description
0001
GROUND FAULT
Ground fault
0002
AC CONTACTOR
AC contactor fault
0004
DC CONTACTOR
DC contactor fault
0008
WD TIMER
Watchdog fault
0010
CPU LOAD
CPU load fault
0020
RESTART LIMIT
Too many fault restarts
0040
CONFIGURATION
Configuration fault
0080
CURRENT IMBALANCE
AC current imbalance
0100
AC VOLTAGE SENSE
No AC voltage detected
0400
THERMAL SWITCH OPEN
Thermal switch open
0800
DICSONNECT OPEN
Disconnect open
Table D-8 System Faults (SYS)
96
PVP250kW & PVP260kW Inverter
Installation & Operation Manual
The following table lists the system warnings.
Hexadecimal
Value
Display String
Description
0001
FAN 1 WARNING
Fan 1 warning
0002
FAN 2 WARNING
Fan 2 warning
0004
FAN 3 WARNING
Fan 3 warning
0008
MAG HITEMP WARNING
Magnetics high temperature warning
0010
HI TEMP PWR LIMIT
Power foldback warning
0020
DELTA TEMP WARNING
Heatsink delta temperature warning
0080
GFI CURRENT WARNING
GFDI current warning
0100
AC SURGE WARNING
AC surge warning
0200
DC SURGE WARNING
DC surge warning
0400
DC CURRENT WARNING
Negative DC current warning
Table D-9 System Warnings
DC Subcombiner Inputs
The following table reflects proper DC wire sizing and torque values per subcombiner
application:
Fuse Block
Maximum
Amperage
Maximum Wire Size
Required
Torque
Terminal
Temp.
Rating
400
Qty. two (2) - Al/Cu 350kcmil-#4
43 ft-lbs
75°C
200
Al/Cu 350kcmil-#6
31 ft-lbs
75°C
100
Al/Cu #2/0-6
10 ft-lbs
75°C
Direct to busbar
No wire size limit. Must use Grade 8 3/8” hardware.
40 ft-lbs
90°C
Table D-10 Subcombiner Wire Sizing and Torque Values
97
AC & DC Bus Landing Hardware
The following diagram details the installation of the input wiring to the busbars.
Note: Grade 8 hardware required.
Figure D-1 AC and DC Bus Landing Hardware with Torque Values
98
Appendix E - Annual Maintenance
Requirements Checklist
Item #
Requirement
A
General Inspection & Cleaning
1
Record general site conditions
2
Record inverter performance data from inverter display
3
Record environmental conditions
4
Remove dirt and debris from underneath inverter
Inspect and clean interior of inverter
6
Inspect air filter and replace or clean
7
Confirm presence of product documentation
B
Connections and Wiring
8
Complete visual inspection of electrical connections and wiring
9
Complete mechanical inspection of connections and wiring
10
Measure torque of all electrical connections and re-torque as needed
11
Complete thermal scan of inverter connections, wiring and electronics
C
Testing
12
Confirm inverter operating modes including standby, startup and on
13
Confirm power supply and transformer outputs
14
Validate display data accuracy
D
Repair or Replace
15
Repair or replace items that have been determined to be near end of their useful
life
E
Reporting
16
Complete preventative maintenance report and recommendations
Table E-1 Annual Maintenance Requirements Checklist
99
APPENDIX E
5
9
100
Appendix F - Efficiency Curves
F.1 PVP250kW (600VAC) - Efficiency Curves
Input Voltage (Vdc)
Vmin
295
Vnom
341
Vmax
480
Power Level (%; kW)
10%
20%
30%
50%
75%
100%
24.95 49.90 74.85 124.75 187.13 249.50
95.2
96.8
97.1
97.1
96.8
96.4
94.8
96.5
96.8
96.9
96.6
96.3
93.4
95.6
96.1
96.2
96.0
95.7
Wtd
96.8
96.6
95.9
CEC Efficiency = 96.5%
100
95
295 Vdc
341 Vdc
480 Vdc
Efficiency, %
90
85
80
295 Vdc
75
341 Vdc
480 Vdc
70
0%
10%
20%
30%
40%
50%
60%
70%
80%
90%
100%
% of Rated Output Power
Figure F-1 PVP250kW (600VAC) Efficiency Curves
APPENDIX F
101
F.2 PVP250kW (480VAC) - Efficiency Curves
Input Voltage (Vdc)
Vmin
295
Vnom
341
Vmax
480
Power Level (%; kW)
10%
20%
30%
50%
75%
100%
24.95 49.90 74.85 124.75 187.13 249.50
96.0
97.0
96.9
96.9
96.6
96.1
95.6
96.6
96.7
96.8
96.4
96.0
94.7
95.8
96.2
96.2
95.9
95.4
Wtd
96.7
96.5
95.9
CEC Efficiency = 96.5%
100
95
295 Vdc
341 Vdc
480 Vdc
Efficiency, %
90
85
80
295 Vdc
75
341 Vdc
480 Vdc
70
0%
10%
20%
30%
40%
50%
60%
70%
% of Rated Output Power
Figure F-2 PVP250kW (480VAC) Efficiency Curves
102
80%
90%
100%
PVP250kW & PVP260kW Inverter
Installation & Operation Manual
F.3 PVP260kW (480VAC) - Efficiency Curves
Input Voltage (Vdc)
Vmin
295
Vnom
341
Vmax
480
10%
26.00
96.0
95.6
94.4
20%
52.00
97.5
97.3
96.5
Power Level (%; kW)
30%
50%
78.00
130.00
97.7
97.6
97.5
97.4
96.9
97.0
75%
195.00
97.1
97.0
96.6
100%
260.00
96.4
96.4
96.1
Wtd
97.2
97.0
96.6
CEC Efficiency = 97.0%
100
95
295 Vdc
341 Vdc
480 Vdc
Efficiency, %
90
85
80
295 Vdc
75
341 Vdc
480 Vdc
70
0
0.1
0.2
0.3
0.4
0.5
0.6
0.7
% of Rated Output Power
Figure F-3 PVP260kW (480VAC) Efficiency Curves
103
0.8
0.9
1
F.4 PVP260kW-LV (480VAC) - Efficiency Curves
Input Voltage (Vdc)
Vmin
265
Vnom
319
Vmax
480
10%
26.00
96.1
95.6
94.0
20%
52.00
97.6
97.3
96.2
Power Level (%; kW)
30%
50%
78.00
130.00
97.8
97.5
97.5
97.3
96.7
96.8
75%
195.00
96.9
96.7
96.2
100%
260.00
96.0
95.9
95.5
Wtd
97.1
96.9
96.3
CEC Efficiency = 96.5%
100
95
265 Vdc
319 Vdc
480 Vdc
Efficiency, %
90
85
80
265 Vdc
75
319 Vdc
480 Vdc
70
0
0.1
0.2
0.3
0.4
0.5
0.6
0.7
% of Rated Output Power
Figure F-4 PVP260kW-LV (480VAC) Efficiency Curves
104
0.8
0.9
1
Index
A
abbreviations v
AC
output voltage
changing 37
over-current protection 2, 17
under voltage fault 76
wiring 40
AC Distribution PCB 6
acronyms v
AC sub panel 5
ACT LED. See Activity LED
adaptability 1
address conversion table 55
air filter 31
air intake hood 73
anchoring 32
annual maintenace 99
anti-islanding 2
D
data monitoring module 44, 62
DC
inputs 41
input voltage 41
wiring 41
DC Combiner sub panel 8
DC Distribution PCB 8
DC Subcombiner PCB
options 25, 43
DC sub panel 7
de-energizing 18
design of 1, 2
disconnect switches 14
display
operating 67
B
biasing 53
blowers 5
busbar 28
AC and DC 34
inspecting 29
landing 29
terminal 28
E
earth ground 69
easy installation 1
efficiency curves 103
electrical grid
connections 39
EMI output filtration 2
EMI shield 4
environmental 23
equipment precaution/warning labels 11
Ethernet
port 45
troubleshooting 45
C
cable
CAT5 25
Ethernet 46
RS-485 46
tester 46
caution
information about iii
codes. See flash or fault
commands
Read Holding Register 57
Return Slave ID 58
Write Single Register 57
communications parameters
56
Comm X PCB 6
components
major 3
conductors 22
F
fan
inspecting 31
intake screen 72
fault codes 75, 93
AC under voltage 76
startup 75
fire and explosion prevention 16
first aid 15
105
INDEX
conduit 22
hub installation 35
contact information i
contacting
local utility 25
cooling 5
cooling requirements 23, 31
flash codes 81
fuse 69
rotary switches 55
shutdown 70
starting 63
status lights 79, 81, 82
versatility of 1
IP address 47
assigning to inverter 48
islanding prevention 12
isolation procedure 18
isolation transformer 5
G
GFDI 23, 69, 77. See grounding
gland plate 33
ground fault 77
diagnosing 77
repairing 78
grounding 23
fault interrupt device 69
PV array 23
requirements 17
system neutral 24
J
jumpers
setting pins 52
I
L
inductor 5
inspecting 28
air filters 32
fans 31
inspecting guidelines 71
installing
easy 1
location selection 21
Modbus 49
requirements 21
tools used 24
internet connections 45
inverter
air intake hood 73
anchoring 32
blowers 5
clearances 21, 22
cooling 5
display screens 67
efficiency 103
electrical grid connections 39
enclosure type 34
fan intake screen 72
flash codes 81
handling 27
inspecting 28
louver plate 73
main enclosure 3
major components 3
models 1
monitoring 25, 44
operating states 64
packaging 27
power distribution PCB 4
power module 3
location for install 21
louver plate 73
M
magnetics
compartment 28
maintenance , 12
air filters 74
checklist 71, 99
fan intake screen 72
major components list 3
master device 47
port ID 48
mechanical drawings 87–92
modbus 81
commands 56
definition of 47
network option 46
register maps 59
Modbus
address 54
monitoring 2, 25, 44
N
NEMA 4 34
network 51
communication parameters 56
Modbus setup 48
options 47
RS-485 48–54
terminating 52
106
PVP250kW & PVP260kW Inverter
Installation & Operation Manual
O
status lights 79, 81, 82
status values 61
subcombiners 34
switches 55
for disconnect 14
symbols 11
operating states 64
operator interface controls 9
overcurrent protection 2
P
T
packaging 27
PCB, descriptions of 4
port ID 47
power distribution PCB 4
powering down 70
power module 3
power module assembly 4
power supply transformer 5
product specifications data sheet 84
pull test 30
PV Powered
how to contact i
monitoring service 44
terminating network 52
tools, for installing 24
torque specifications 40, 42
transformer 5
troubleshooting 45, 71, 76
U
user interface PCB
Ethernet port 48
utility
connection requirements 25
R
V
redundant cooling system 2
registers
command 61
data 60
data format 62
fixed information 59
maps 59
response values 61
status and fault codes 60
rotary switches 55
RS-485 46, 48–54, 51
voltage 25
adjustable 41
DC input 41
input 25
limits 93
PV array input 26
range 38
voltage range 38
adjustable 41
S
warnings iii, 74
warranty 109
wiring 33
AC 40
DC 41
diagrams 85
information 16
requirements 15
WYE point 25, 37, 39
W
safety 11
conventions iii
designation of danger, warning and caution iii
equipment 15
islanding prevention 12
labels 11
zone 15
screens
faults 75
service 12
shutdown procedure 70
slave device 47, 50
address conversion table 55
point map 47
setting address 54
specifications 2
start up procedure 63
107
108
Limited Warranty
The 10-Year Warranty may be transferred to subsequent owners, except that the 10Year Warranty shall be void if, without prior approval of PV Powered, either (i) the PV
Powered commercial inverter is moved from its original installation location or (ii) the
overall PV system design is altered.
In satisfaction of its obligations under the 10-Year Warranty, PV Powered will, at its
discretion, repair or replace the defective component(s) free of charge, as long as PV
Powered is notified of the defect during the warranty period. PV Powered reserves the
right to inspect the faulty component(s) and determine if the defect is due to material
or manufacturing flaws. PV Powered also reserves the right to charge for service time
expended if the defect is due to any cause other than a material or manufacturing flaw.
The 10-Year Warranty does not cover defects or damage caused by:
•
Normal wear and tear.
•
Shipping or transportation damages.
•
Improper installation.
•
Exposure to unsuitable environmental conditions, including but not limited to damage due to lightning strikes.
•
Unauthorized or abnormal use or operation.
•
Negligence or accidents, including but not limited to lack of maintenance or improper maintenance.
•
Material or workmanship not provided by PV Powered or its authorized service
centers.
•
Relocation of the commercial inverter from its original installation location or alteration of the overall PV system design without prior approval of PV Powered.
•
Acts of God, such as earthquake, flood or fire.
The 10-Year Warranty does not cover costs related to the removal, installation, or
troubleshooting of your electrical systems.
109
WARRANTY
THIS 10-YEAR LIMITED COMMERCIAL WARRANTY (the “10-Year Warranty”)
covers defects in your PV Powered commercial inverter caused by material or
manufacturing faults for a 10-year period. The warranty period for the 10-Year
Warranty begins on the date you commission your PV Powered commercial inverter,
or 6 months after the date of purchase, whichever comes first. The 10-Year Warranty
applies to the base model commercial inverter and all customer purchased options
that were manufactured by PV Powered. The 10-Year Warranty does not apply to
customer purchased optional equipment that was not manufactured by PV Powered.
Optional equipment not manufactured by PV Powered will be covered by the original
manufacturer’s warranty.
PV Powered will, at its discretion, use new and/or reconditioned parts in performing
warranty repair and in building replacement products. PV Powered reserves the right
to use parts or products of original or improved design in the repair or replacement. If
PV Powered repairs or replaces a product, PV Powered’s warranty continues for the
remaining portion of the original warranty period or 90 days from the date of repair,
whichever period expires later. All replaced products and all parts removed from repaired
products become the property of PV Powered.
PV Powered covers the parts, travel and labor necessary to repair the product within the
United States and Canada.
If your product requires troubleshooting or warranty service, contact your installer or
dealer. If you are unable to contact your installer or dealer, or the installer or dealer is
unable to provide service, contact PV Powered directly at 1-877-312-3848, or [email protected]
pvpowered.com.
EXCEPT FOR THIS 10-YEAR WARRANTY, PV POWERED EXPRESSLY MAKES
NO WARRANTIES WITH RESPECT TO THE PV POWERED INVERTER, EXPRESS
AND IMPLIED, INCLUDING BUT NOT LIMITED TO THE WARRANTY OF
MERCHANTABILITY, THE WARRANTY OF FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR
PURPOSE, AND ANY WARRANTIES THAT MAY HAVE ARISEN FROM COURSE
OF DEALING OR USAGE OF TRADE.
TO THE MAXIMUM EXTENT PERMITTED BY LAW, PV POWERED’S
AGGREGATE MONETARY LIABILITY TO YOU FOR ANY REASON AND FOR
ANY AND ALL CAUSES OF ACTION, WHETHER IN CONTRACT, TORT OR
OTHERWISE, WILL NOT EXCEED THE AMOUNT PAID TO PV POWERED FOR
THE PV POWERED INVERTER(S) COVERED BY THIS 10-YEAR WARRANTY. PV
POWERED WILL NOT BE LIABLE UNDER ANY CAUSE OF ACTION, WHETHER
IN CONTRACT, TORT OR OTHERWISE, FOR ANY INDIRECT, SPECIAL,
INCIDENTAL, CONSEQUENTIAL, OR PUNITIVE DAMAGES, EVEN IF PV
POWERED HAS BEEN ADVISED OF THE POSSIBILITY OF SUCH DAMAGES.
THE PRICE FOR THE PV POWERED INVERTER AND PV POWERED’S
OBLIGATIONS UNDER THIS 10-YEAR WARRANTY ARE CONSIDERATION FOR
LIMITING PV POWERED’S LIABILITY.
IN THE EVENT OF A DISPUTE BETWEEN PV POWERED AND ANY PARTY
COVERED UNDER THIS WARRANTY, TO THE MAXIMUM EXTENT ALLOWED
BY LAW, SUCH PARTY AGREES TO RESOLVE ANY AND ALL SUCH DISPUTES
USING BINDING ARBITRATION IN ACCORDANCE WITH THE COMMERCIAL
ARBITRATION RULES AND EXPEDITED PROCEDURES OF THE AMERICAN
ARBITRATION ASSOCIATION, WITH THE PLACE OF ARBITRATION TO
BE BEND, OREGON. UNLESS OTHERWISE AGREED IN WRITING, THE
ARBITRATOR SHALL BE DRAWN FROM THE NATIONAL ENERGY PROGRAM
PANEL OF THE AMERICAN ARBITRATION ASSOCIATION. THE PRICE FOR
THE INVERTER AND PV POWERED’S OBLIGATIONS UNDER THIS 10-YEAR
WARRANTY ARE CONSIDERATION FOR THIS BINDING ARBITRATION
PROVISION.
110
PVP250kW & PVP260kW Inverter
Installation & Operation Manual
111
112
PO Box 7348 • Bend, OR 97708 • P: 541-312-3832 • www.pvpowered.com
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