Thermal Arc PowerMaster 320SP, 400SP, 500SP Operator Manual_(0

Thermal Arc PowerMaster 320SP, 400SP, 500SP Operator Manual_(0
320SP
400SP
POWERMASTER
500SP
Art # A-07718
Operator Manual
Version No: AD
Operating Features:
Issue Date: March 16, 2007
1/3
PHASE
400
V
460
V
Manual No.: 0-4968
208
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230
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WE APPRECIATE YOUR BUSINESS!
Congratulations on your new Thermal Arc product. We are proud to
have you as our customer and will strive to provide you with the
best service and reliability in the industry. This product is backed by
our extensive warranty and world-wide service network. To locate
your nearest distributor or service agency call
1-800-752-7621, or visit us on the web at www.Thermalarc.com.
This Operating Manual has been designed to instruct you on the
correct use and operation of your Thermal Arc product. Your
satisfaction with this product and its safe operation is our ultimate
concern. Therefore please take the time to read the entire manual,
especially the Safety Precautions. They will help you to avoid potential
hazards that may exist when working with this product.
YOU ARE IN GOOD COMPANY!
The Brand of Choice for Contractors and Fabricators Worldwide.
Thermal Arc is a Global Brand of Arc Welding Products for
Thermadyne Industries Inc. We manufacture and supply to major
welding industry sectors worldwide including; Manufacturing,
Construction, Mining, Automotive, Aerospace, Engineering, Rural
and DIY/Hobbyist.
We distinguish ourselves from our competition through marketleading, dependable products that have stood the test of time. We
pride ourselves on technical innovation, competitive prices, excellent
delivery, superior customer service and technical support, together
with excellence in sales and marketing expertise.
Above all, we are committed to developing technologically advanced
products to achieve a safer working environment within the welding
industry.
!
WARNINGS
Read and understand this entire Manual and your employer’s safety practices before installing,
operating, or servicing the equipment.
While the information contained in this Manual represents the Manufacturer's best judgement,
the Manufacturer assumes no liability for its use.
Operator Manual Number 0-4968 for:
PowerMaster 320SP Compact
PowerMaster 400SP with Integrated Water Cooler
PowerMaster 400SP Compact
PowerMaster 500SP with Integrated Water Cooler
Wirefeeder SP4000W (Enclosed spool)
Wirefeeder SP4000R (Automation)
W1000102
W1000202
W1000304
W1000502
W3000202
W3000302
Published by:
Thermadyne Industries, Inc.
82 Benning Street
West Lebanon, New Hampshire, USA 03784
(603) 298-5711
www.thermadyne.com
Copyright 2007, 2008 by
Thermadyne Industries, Inc.
All rights reserved.
Reproduction of this work, in whole or in part, without written permission of the publisher is prohibited.
The publisher does not assume and hereby disclaims any liability to any party for any loss or damage
caused by any error or omission in this Manual, whether such error results from negligence, accident,
or any other cause.
Original Publication Date:
Revision AD Date:
March 16, 2007
December 23, 2008
Record the following information for Warranty purposes:
Where Purchased:
___________________________________
Purchase Date:
___________________________________
Equipment Serial #:
___________________________________
i
TABLE OF CONTENTS
SECTION 1:
SAFETY INSTRUCTIONS AND WARNINGS ....................................................... 1-1
1.01 Arc Welding Hazards ...................................................................................... 1-1
1.02 Principal Safety Standards ............................................................................. 1-4
1.03 Symbol Chart ................................................................................................. 1-5
1.04 Precautions De Securite En Soudage A L’arc .................................................. 1-6
1.05 Dangers relatifs au soudage à l’arc ................................................................. 1-6
1.06 Principales Normes De Securite ..................................................................... 1-9
1.07 Graphique de Symbole ................................................................................. 1-10
SECTION 2:
INTRODUCTION ...................................................................................... 2-1
2.01 How To Use This Manual ................................................................................ 2-1
2.02 Equipment Identification ................................................................................. 2-1
2.03 Receipt Of Equipment ..................................................................................... 2-1
2.04 Machine Components (500SP, 400SP, and SP4000W) .................................. 2-2
2.05 Machine Components (400SP Compact Model) ............................................. 2-3
2.06 Machine Components (320SP Compact Model) ............................................. 2-4
2.07 Lifting Points .................................................................................................. 2-5
2.08 Power Supply Specifications (part 1) ............................................................. 2-6
2.09 Power Supply Specifications (part 2) ............................................................. 2-7
2.10 Wire Feeder Specifications ............................................................................. 2-8
2.11 Features and Benefits Common to all PowerMaster SP Systems # ................ 2-9
2.11 Features and Benefits Common to all PowerMaster SP Systems (con't) # .. 2-10
SECTION 3:
INSTALLATION ....................................................................................... 3-1
3.01 Location ......................................................................................................... 3-1
3.02 Transportation and Positioning ....................................................................... 3-1
3.03 Fitting the Mains Cable into the Cable Gland .................................................. 3-1
3.04 Voltage Change-over ...................................................................................... 3-2
3.05 Connecting 3-Phase Input Power to 400SP or 500SP .................................... 3-3
3.06 Connecting Single-Phase Input Power to 320SP or 400SP or 500SP ............ 3-5
3.07 Quick Start Set Up .......................................................................................... 3-7
3.08 Recommended Setup for MIG ........................................................................ 3-7
3.09 TWECO PULSEMASTER PMA5512 500 AMP Weld Gun .............................. 3-11
3.10 Installing A New Wire Conduit ...................................................................... 3-12
SECTION 4:
OPERATION ........................................................................................... 4-1
4.01 General Safety Precautions ............................................................................ 4-1
4.02 Welding Controls ............................................................................................ 4-2
4.03 Menu Structure .............................................................................................. 4-4
4.04 Special functions ............................................................................................ 4-8
4.05 Smart GMAW, Pulse GMAW & TwinPulse Programs ...................................... 4-9
4.06 Welding Setting Selection Guide .................................................................. 4-10
TABLE OF CONTENTS
TABLE OF CONTENTS (continued)
SECTION 5:
MANUAL GMAW WELDING ........................................................................ 5-1
5.01 Types of Weld Transfer Modes ....................................................................... 5-1
5.02 Holding and Manipulating the Torch ............................................................... 5-2
5.03 Basics of Pulsed Arc Welding ......................................................................... 5-4
5.04 Pulsed Arc Welding Parameters ..................................................................... 5-5
5.05 Smart, Pulse or TwinPulse GMAW Welding .................................................... 5-6
5.06 Conventional Manual GMAW/FCAW Welding.................................................. 5-6
5.07 SMAW/STICK Welding .................................................................................... 5-7
SECTION 6:
SERVICE .............................................................................................. 6-1
6.01 Maintenance ................................................................................................... 6-1
6.02 System Troubleshooting Guide ....................................................................... 6-2
6.03 Welding Process Troubleshooting Guide ........................................................ 6-3
6.04 Error Codes .................................................................................................... 6-4
APPENDIX 1: OPTIONAL ACCESSORIES AND CONSUMABLES ...................................... A-1
APPENDIX 2: FEED ROLL INFORMATION ............................................................... A-2
APPENDIX 3: MOUNTING THE TORCH HOLDER ....................................................... A-3
LIMITED WARRANTY
WARRANTY SCHEDULE
GLOBAL CUSTOMER SERVICE CONTACT INFORMATION .......................... Inside Rear Cover
POWERMASTER 320SP, 400SP, 500SP
SECTION 1:
SAFETY INSTRUCTIONS AND WARNINGS
!
WARNING
PROTECT YOURSELF AND OTHERS FROM POSSIBLE SERIOUS INJURY OR DEATH. KEEP CHILDREN AWAY. PACEMAKER WEARERS
KEEP AWAY UNTIL CONSULTING YOUR DOCTOR. DO NOT LOSE THESE INSTRUCTIONS. READ OPERATING/INSTRUCTION MANUAL
BEFORE INSTALLING, OPERATING OR SERVICING THIS EQUIPMENT.
Welding products and welding processes can cause serious injury or death, or damage to other equipment or property, if the operator
does not strictly observe all safety rules and take precautionary actions.
Safe practices have developed from past experience in the use of welding and cutting. These practices must be learned through study
and training before using this equipment. Some of these practices apply to equipment connected to power lines; other practices apply
to engine driven equipment. Anyone not having extensive training in welding and cutting practices should not attempt to weld.
Safe practices are outlined in the American National Standard Z49.1 entitled: SAFETY IN WELDING AND CUTTING. This publication
and other guides to what you should learn before operating this equipment are listed at the end of these safety precautions. HAVE ALL
INSTALLATION, OPERATION, MAINTENANCE, AND REPAIR WORK PERFORMED ONLY BY QUALIFIED PEOPLE.
1.01
Arc Welding Hazards
8. Do not use worn, damaged, undersized, or poorly spliced
cables.
9. Do not wrap cables around your body.
10. Ground the workpiece to a good electrical (earth) ground.
WARNING
ELECTRIC SHOCK can kill.
Touching live electrical parts can cause fatal shocks
or severe burns. The electrode and work circuit is
electrically live whenever the output is on. The input
power circuit and machine internal circuits are also
live when power is on. In semiautomatic or
automatic wire welding, the wire, wire reel, drive
roll housing, and all metal parts touching the
welding wire are electrically live. Incorrectly installed
or improperly grounded equipment is a hazard.
1. Do not touch live electrical parts.
11. Do not touch electrode while in contact with the work
(ground) circuit.
12. Use only well-maintained equipment. Repair or replace
damaged parts at once.
13. In confined spaces or damp locations, do not use a welder
with AC output unless it is equipped with a voltage reducer.
Use equipment with DC output.
14. Wear a safety harness to prevent falling if working above
floor level.
15. Keep all panels and covers securely in place.
WARNING
2. Wear dry, hole-free insulating gloves and body protection.
3. Insulate yourself from work and ground using dry insulating
mats or covers.
4. Disconnect input power or stop engine before installing or
servicing this equipment. Lock input power disconnect switch
open, or remove line fuses so power cannot be turned on
accidentally.
5. Properly install and ground this equipment according to its
Owner’s Manual and national, state, and local codes.
6. Turn off all equipment when not in use. Disconnect power to
equipment if it will be left unattended or out of service.
7. Use fully insulated electrode holders. Never dip holder in water
to cool it or lay it down on the ground or the work surface.
Do not touch holders connected to two welding machines at
the same time or touch other people with the holder or
electrode.
March 16, 2007
ARC RAYS can burn eyes and skin; NOISE can
damage hearing. Arc rays from the welding process
produce intense heat and strong ultraviolet rays that
can burn eyes and skin. Noise from some processes
can damage hearing.
1. Wear a welding helmet fitted with a proper shade of filter
(see ANSI Z49.1 listed in Safety Standards) to protect your
face and eyes when welding or watching.
2. Wear approved safety glasses. Side shields recommended.
3. Use protective screens or barriers to protect others from flash
and glare; warn others not to watch the arc.
4. Wear protective clothing made from durable, flame-resistant
material (wool and leather) and foot protection.
5. Use approved ear plugs or ear muffs if noise level is high.
1-1
POWERMASTER 320SP, 400SP, 500SP
Sparks and spatter fly off from the welding arc. The
flying sparks and hot metal, weld spatter, hot
workpiece, and hot equipment can cause fires and
burns. Accidental contact of electrode or welding
wire to metal objects can cause sparks, overheating,
or fire.
WARNING
FUMES AND GASES can be hazardous to your
health.
1. Protect yourself and others from flying sparks and hot metal.
Welding produces fumes and gases. Breathing
these fumes and gases can be hazardous to your
health.
2. Do not weld where flying sparks can strike flammable material.
1. Keep your head out of the fumes. Do not breath the fumes.
2. If inside, ventilate the area and/or use exhaust at the arc to
remove welding fumes and gases.
3. If ventilation is poor, use an approved air-supplied respirator.
4. Read the Material Safety Data Sheets (MSDSs) and the
manufacturer’s instruction for metals, consumables, coatings,
and cleaners.
5. Work in a confined space only if it is well ventilated, or while
wearing an air-supplied respirator. Shielding gases used for
welding can displace air causing injury or death. Be sure the
breathing air is safe.
6. Do not weld in locations near degreasing, cleaning, or
spraying operations. The heat and rays of the arc can react
with vapors to form highly toxic and irritating gases.
7. Do not weld on coated metals, such as galvanized, lead, or
cadmium plated steel, unless the coating is removed from
the weld area, the area is well ventilated, and if necessary,
while wearing an air-supplied respirator. The coatings and
any metals containing these elements can give off toxic fumes
if welded.
3. Remove all flammables within 35 ft (10.7 m) of the welding
arc. If this is not possible, tightly cover them with approved
covers.
4. Be alert that welding sparks and hot materials from welding
can easily go through small cracks and openings to adjacent
areas.
5. Watch for fire, and keep a fire extinguisher nearby.
6. Be aware that welding on a ceiling, floor, bulkhead, or partition
can cause fire on the hidden side.
7. Do not weld on closed containers such as tanks or drums.
8. Connect work cable to the work as close to the welding area
as practical to prevent welding current from traveling long,
possibly unknown paths and causing electric shock and fire
hazards.
9. Do not use welder to thaw frozen pipes.
10. Remove stick electrode from holder or cut off welding wire
at contact tip when not in use.
WARNING
FLYING SPARKS AND HOT METAL can cause injury.
WARNING
Chipping and grinding cause flying metal. As welds
cool, they can throw off slag.
WELDING can cause fire or explosion.
Eye protection filter shade selector for welding or cutting
(goggles or helmet), from AWS A6.2-73.
Welding or cutting
Torch soldering
Torch brazing
Oxygen Cutting
Light
Medium
Heavy
Gas welding
Light
Medium
Heavy
Shielded metal-arc
1-2
Electrode Size
Filter
2
3 or 4
Under 1 in., 25 mm
1 to 6 in., 25-150 mm
Over 6 in., 150 mm
3 or 4
4 or 5
5 or 6
Under 1/8 in., 3 mm
1/8 to 1/2 in., 3-12 mm
Over 1/2 in., 12 mm
Under 5/32 in., 4 mm
5/32 to 1/4 in.,
Over 1/4 in., 6.4 mm
4 or 5
5 or 6
6 or 8
10
12
14
Welding or cutting
Electrode Size
Gas metal-arc
Non-ferrous base metal
All
Ferrous base metal
All
Gas tungsten arc welding
All
(TIG)
All
Atomic hydrogen welding
All
Carbon arc welding
All
Plasma arc welding
Carbon arc air gouging
Light
Heavy
Plasma arc cutting
Light Under 300 Amp
Medium 300 to 400 Amp
Heavy Over 400 Amp
Filter
11
12
12
12
12
12
12
14
9
12
14
March 16, 2007
POWERMASTER 320SP, 400SP, 500SP
1. Wear approved face shield or safety goggles. Side shields
recommended.
2. Wear proper body protection to protect skin.
WARNING
1. Stop engine before checking or adding fuel.
2. Do not add fuel while smoking or if unit is near any sparks or
open flames.
3. Allow engine to cool before fueling. If possible, check and
add fuel to cold engine before beginning job.
4. Do not overfill tank — allow room for fuel to expand.
CYLINDERS can explode if damaged.
Shielding gas cylinders contain gas under high
pressure. If damaged, a cylinder can explode. Since
gas cylinders are normally part of the welding
process, be sure to treat them carefully.
1. Protect compressed gas cylinders from excessive heat,
mechanical shocks, and arcs.
2. Install and secure cylinders in an upright position by chaining
them to a stationary support or equipment cylinder rack to
prevent falling or tipping.
3. Keep cylinders away from any welding or other electrical
circuits.
4. Never allow a welding electrode to touch any cylinder.
5. Use only correct shielding gas cylinders, regulators, hoses,
and fittings designed for the specific application; maintain
them and associated parts in good condition.
6. Turn face away from valve outlet when opening cylinder valve.
7. Keep protective cap in place over valve except when cylinder
is in use or connected for use.
8. Read and follow instructions on compressed gas cylinders,
associated equipment, and CGA publication P-1 listed in
Safety Standards.
!
5. Do not spill fuel. If fuel is spilled, clean up before starting
engine.
WARNING
MOVING PARTS can cause injury.
Moving parts, such as fans, rotors, and belts can cut fingers and
hands and catch loose clothing.
1. Keep all doors, panels, covers, and guards closed and
securely in place.
2. Stop engine before installing or connecting unit.
3. Have only qualified people remove guards or covers for
maintenance and troubleshooting as necessary.
4. To prevent accidental starting during servicing,
disconnect negative (-) battery cable from battery.
5. Keep hands, hair, loose clothing, and tools away from
moving parts.
6. Reinstall panels or guards and close doors when
servicing is finished and before starting engine.
WARNING
WARNING
SPARKS can cause BATTERY GASES TO EXPLODE;
BATTERY ACID can burn eyes and skin.
Engines can be dangerous.
Batteries contain acid and generate explosive gases.
1. Always wear a face shield when working on a battery.
WARNING
ENGINE EXHAUST GASES can kill.
Engines produce harmful exhaust gases.
1. Use equipment outside in open, well-ventilated areas.
2. Stop engine before disconnecting or connecting battery
cables.
3. Do not allow tools to cause sparks when working on a battery.
4. Do not use welder to charge batteries or jump start vehicles.
5. Observe correct polarity (+ and –) on batteries.
2. If used in a closed area, vent engine exhaust outside and
away from any building air intakes.
WARNING
WARNING
ENGINE FUEL can cause fire or explosion.
Engine fuel is highly flammable.
March 16, 2007
STEAM AND PRESSURIZED HOT COOLANT can
burn face, eyes, and skin.
The coolant in the radiator can be very hot and under
pressure.
1-3
POWERMASTER 320SP, 400SP, 500SP
1. Do not remove radiator cap when engine is hot. Allow engine
to cool.
2. Wear gloves and put a rag over cap area when removing cap.
3. Allow pressure to escape before completely removing cap.
!
WARNING
This product, when used for welding or cutting,
produces fumes or gases which contain chemicals
know to the State of California to cause birth defects
and, in some cases, cancer. (California Health &
Safety code Sec. 25249.5 et seq.)
NOTE
Considerations About Welding And The Effects of
Low Frequency Electric and Magnetic Fields
The following is a quotation from the General Conclusions Section of the U.S. Congress, Office of Technology Assessment, Biological Effects of Power Frequency Electric & Magnetic Fields Background Paper, OTA-BP-E-63 (Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office, May 1989): “...there is now a very large
volume of scientific findings based on experiments at the cellular
level and from studies with animals and people which clearly
establish that low frequency magnetic fields and interact with,
and produce changes in, biological systems. While most of this
work is of very high quality, the results are complex. Current
scientific understanding does not yet allow us to interpret the
evidence in a single coherent framework. Even more frustrating,
it does not yet allow us to draw definite conclusions about questions of possible risk or to offer clear science-based advice on
strategies to minimize or avoid potential risks.”
1.02
Principal Safety Standards
Safety in Welding and Cutting, ANSI Standard Z49.1, from
American Welding Society, 550 N.W. LeJeune Rd., Miami, FL
33126.
Safety and Health Standards, OSHA 29 CFR 1910, from
Superintendent of Documents, U.S. Government Printing Office,
Washington, D.C. 20402.
Recommended Safe Practices for the Preparation for Welding
and Cutting of Containers That Have Held Hazardous Substances,
American Welding Society Standard AWS F4.1, from American
Welding Society, 550 N.W. LeJeune Rd., Miami, FL 33126.
National Electrical Code, NFPA Standard 70, from National Fire
Protection Association, Batterymarch Park, Quincy, MA 02269.
Safe Handling of Compressed Gases in Cylinders, CGA Pamphlet
P-1, from Compressed Gas Association, 1235 Jefferson Davis
Highway, Suite 501, Arlington, VA 22202.
Code for Safety in Welding and Cutting, CSA Standard W117.2,
from Canadian Standards Association, Standards Sales, 178
Rexdale Boulevard, Rexdale, Ontario, Canada M9W 1R3.
Safe Practices for Occupation and Educational Eye and Face
Protection, ANSI Standard Z87.1, from American National
Standards Institute, 1430 Broadway, New York, NY 10018.
Cutting and Welding Processes, NFPA Standard 51B, from
National Fire Protection Association, Batterymarch Park, Quincy,
MA 02269.
To reduce magnetic fields in the workplace, use the following
procedures.
1. Keep cables close together by twisting or taping them.
2. Arrange cables to one side and away from the operator.
3. Do not coil or drape cable around the body.
4. Keep welding power source and cables as far away from
body as practical.
ABOUT PACEMAKERS:
The above procedures are among those also
normally recommended for pacemaker wearers.
Consult your doctor for complete information.
1-4
March 16, 2007
POWERMASTER 320SP, 400SP, 500SP
1.03
Symbol Chart
Note that only some of these symbols will appear on your model.
On
Single Phase
Wire Feed Function
Off
Three Phase
Wire Feed Towards
Workpiece With
Output Voltage Off.
Dangerous Voltage
Three Phase Static
Frequency ConverterTransformer-Rectifier
Welding Gun
Increase/Decrease
Remote
Purging Of Gas
Duty Cycle
Continuous Weld
Mode
Percentage
Spot Weld Mode
Circuit Breaker
AC Auxiliary Power
115V 15A
X
%
Fuse
Panel/Local
Amperage
Shielded Metal
Arc Welding (SMAW)
Voltage
Gas Metal Arc
Welding (GMAW)
Hertz (cycles/sec)
Gas Tungsten Arc
Welding (GTAW)
Frequency
Air Carbon Arc
Cutting (CAC-A)
Negative
Constant Current
Positive
Constant Voltage
Or Constant Potential
Direct Current (DC)
High Temperature
Protective Earth
(Ground)
Fault Indication
Line
Arc Force
Line Connection
Touch Start (GTAW)
Auxiliary Power
Variable Inductance
Receptacle RatingAuxiliary Power
March 16, 2007
V
t
Spot Time
Preflow Time
t1
t2
Postflow Time
2 Step Trigger
Operation
Press to initiate wirefeed and
welding, release to stop.
4 Step Trigger
Operation
Press and hold for preflow, release
to start arc. Press to stop arc, and
hold for preflow.
t
Burnback Time
IPM
Inches Per Minute
MPM
Meters Per Minute
Voltage Input
Art # A-04130
1-5
POWERMASTER 320SP, 400SP, 500SP
1.04
Precautions De Securite En Soudage A L’arc
!
MISE EN GARDE
LE SOUDAGE A L’ARC EST DANGEREUX
PROTEGEZ-VOUS, AINSI QUE LES AUTRES, CONTRE LES BLESSURES GRAVES POSSIBLES OU LA MORT. NE LAISSEZ PAS LES
ENFANTS S’APPROCHER, NI LES PORTEURS DE STIMULATEUR CARDIAQUE (A MOINS QU’ILS N’AIENT CONSULTE UN MEDECIN).
CONSERVEZ CES INSTRUCTIONS. LISEZ LE MANUEL D’OPERATION OU LES INSTRUCTIONS AVANT D’INSTALLER, UTILISER OU
ENTRETENIR CET EQUIPEMENT.
Les produits et procédés de soudage peuvent sauser des blessures graves ou la mort, de même que des dommages au reste du
matériel et à la propriété, si l’utilisateur n’adhère pas strictement à toutes les règles de sécurité et ne prend pas les précautions
nécessaires.
En soudage et coupage, des pratiques sécuritaires se sont développées suite à l’expérience passée. Ces pratiques doivent être apprises
par étude ou entraînement avant d’utiliser l’equipement. Toute personne n’ayant pas suivi un entraînement intensif en soudage et
coupage ne devrait pas tenter de souder. Certaines pratiques concernent les équipements raccordés aux lignes d’alimentation alors
que d’autres s’adressent aux groupes électrogènes.
La norme Z49.1 de l’American National Standard, intitulée “SAFETY IN WELDING AND CUTTING” présente les pratiques sécuritaires
à suivre. Ce document ainsi que d’autres guides que vous devriez connaître avant d’utiliser cet équipement sont présentés à la fin de
ces instructions de sécurité.
SEULES DES PERSONNES QUALIFIEES DOIVENT FAIRE DES TRAVAUX D’INSTALLATION, DE REPARATION, D’ENTRETIEN ET D’ESSAI.
1.05
Dangers relatifs au soudage à l’arc
5. Veuillez à installer cet équipement et à le mettre à la terre
selon le manuel d’utilisation et les codes nationaux,
provinciaux et locaux applicables.
6. Arrêtez tout équipement après usage. Coupez l’alimentation
de l’équipement s’il est hors d’usage ou inutilisé.
AVERTISSEMENT
L’ELECTROCUTION PEUT ETRE MORTELLE.
Une décharge électrique peut tuer ou brûler
gravement. L’électrode et le circuit de soudage sont
sous tension dès la mise en circuit. Le circuit
d’alimentation et les circuits internes de
l’équipement sont aussi sous tension dès la mise
en marche. En soudage automatique ou semiautomatique avec fil, ce dernier, le rouleau ou la
bobine de fil, le logement des galets d’entrainement
et toutes les pièces métalliques en contact avec le
fil de soudage sont sous tension. Un équipement
inadéquatement installé ou inadéquatement mis à
la terre est dangereux.
7. N’utilisez que des porte-électrodes bien isolés. Ne jamais
plonger les porte-électrodes dans l’eau pour les refroidir. Ne
jamais les laisser traîner par terre ou sur les pièces à souder.
Ne touchez pas aux porte-électrodes raccordés à deux sources
de courant en même temps. Ne jamais toucher quelqu’un
d’autre avec l’électrode ou le porte-électrode.
8. N’utilisez pas de câbles électriques usés, endommagés, mal
épissés ou de section trop petite.
9. N’enroulez pas de câbles électriques autour de votre corps.
10. N’utilisez qu’une bonne prise de masse pour la mise à la
terre de la pièce à souder.
11. Ne touchez pas à l’électrode lorsqu’en contact avec le circuit
de soudage (terre).
12. N’utilisez que des équipements en bon état. Réparez ou
remplacez aussitôt les pièces endommagées.
2. Portez des gants et des vêtements isolants, secs et non troués.
13. Dans des espaces confinés ou mouillés, n’utilisez pas de
source de courant alternatif, à moins qu’il soit muni d’un
réducteur de tension. Utilisez plutôt une source de courant
continu.
3
14. Portez un harnais de sécurité si vous travaillez en hauteur.
1. Ne touchez pas à des pièces sous tension.
Isolez-vous de la pièce à souder et de la mise à la terre au
moyen de tapis isolants ou autres.
15. Fermez solidement tous les panneaux et les capots.
4. Déconnectez la prise d’alimentation de l’équipement ou
arrêtez le moteur avant de l’installer ou d’en faire l’entretien.
Bloquez le commutateur en circuit ouvert ou enlevez les
fusibles de l’alimentation afin d’éviter une mise en marche
accidentelle.
1-6
March 16, 2007
POWERMASTER 320SP, 400SP, 500SP
AVERTISSEMENT
AVERTISSEMENT
LES VAPEURS ET LES FUMEES SONT
DANGEREUSES POUR LA SANTE.
LE RAYONNEMENT DE L’ARC PEUT BRÛLER LES
YEUX ET LA PEAU; LE BRUIT PEUT ENDOMMAGER
L’OUIE.
Le soudage dégage des vapeurs et des fumées
dangereuses à respirer.
L’arc de soudage produit une chaleur et des rayons
ultraviolets intenses, susceptibles de brûler les yeux
et la peau. Le bruit causé par certains procédés peut
endommager l’ouïe.
1. Eloignez la tête des fumées pour éviter de les respirer.
1. Portez une casque de soudeur avec filtre oculaire de nuance
appropriée (consultez la norme ANSI Z49 indiquée ci-après)
pour vous protéger le visage et les yeux lorsque vous soudez
ou que vous observez l’exécution d’une soudure.
2. Portez des lunettes de sécurité approuvées. Des écrans
latéraux sont recommandés.
3. Entourez l’aire de soudage de rideaux ou de cloisons pour
protéger les autres des coups d’arc ou de l’éblouissement;
avertissez les observateurs de ne pas regarder l’arc.
4. Portez des vêtements en matériaux ignifuges et durables (laine
et cuir) et des chaussures de sécurité.
5. Portez un casque antibruit ou des bouchons d’oreille
approuvés lorsque le niveau de bruit est élevé.
2. A l’intérieur, assurez-vous que l’aire de soudage est bien
ventilée ou que les fumées et les vapeurs sont aspirées à
l’arc.
3. Si la ventilation est inadequate, portez un respirateur à adduction d’air approuvé.
4. Lisez les fiches signalétiques et les consignes du fabricant
relatives aux métaux, aux produits consummables, aux
revêtements et aux produits nettoyants.
5. Ne travaillez dans un espace confiné que s’il est bien ventilé;
sinon, portez un respirateur à adduction d’air. Les gaz
protecteurs de soudage peuvent déplacer l’oxygène de l’air
et ainsi causer des malaises ou la mort. Assurez-vous que
l’air est propre à la respiration.
6. Ne soudez pas à proximité d’opérations de dégraissage, de
nettoyage ou de pulvérisation. La chaleur et les rayons de
l’arc peuvent réagir avec des vapeurs et former des gaz
hautement toxiques et irritants.
SELECTION DES NUANCES DE FILTRES OCULAIRS POUR LA PROTECTION
DES YEUX EN COUPAGE ET SOUDAGE (selon AWS á 8.2-73)
Dimension d'électrode ou
Epiasseur de métal ou
Intensité de courant
Nuance de
filtre oculaire
Brassage tendre
au chalumeau
toutes conditions
2
Brassage fort
au chalumeau
toutes conditions
3 ou 4
Opération de coupage
ou soudage
Soudage á l'arc sous gaz
avec fil plein (GMAW)
métaux non-ferreux
toutes conditions
11
métaux ferreux
toutes conditions
12
toutes conditions
12
toutes conditions
12
toutes conditions
12
toutes dimensions
12
Oxycoupage
mince
moins de 1 po. (25 mm)
moyen de 1 á 6 po. (25 á 150 mm)
épais
plus de 6 po. (150 mm)
2 ou 3
4 ou 5
5 ou 6
Soudage aux gaz
Dimension d'électrode ou
Nuance de
Epiasseur de métal ou
filtre oculaire
Intensité de courant
Opération de coupage
ou soudage
Soudage á l'arc sous gaz avec
électrode de tungstène (GTAW)
Soudage á l'hydrogène
atomique (AHW)
Soudage á l'arc avec
électrode de carbone (CAW)
Soudage á l'arc Plasma (PAW)
mince
moins de 1/8 po. (3 mm)
moyen de 1/8 á 1/2 po. (3 á 12 mm)
épais
Soudage á l'arc avec
électrode enrobees
(SMAW)
4 ou 5
Gougeage Air-Arc avec
électrode de carbone
5 ou 6
mince
12
plus de 1/2 po. (12 mm)
6 ou 8
épais
14
moins de 5/32 po. (4 mm)
10
5/32 á 1/4 po. (4 á 6.4 mm)
12
mince
moins de 300 amperès
9
plus de 1/4 po. (6.4 mm)
14
moyen
de 300 á 400 amperès
12
plus de 400 amperès
14
Coupage á l'arc Plasma (PAC)
épais
March 16, 2007
1-7
POWERMASTER 320SP, 400SP, 500SP
7. Ne soudez des tôles galvanisées ou plaquées au plomb ou
au cadmium que si les zones à souder ont été grattées à
fond, que si l’espace est bien ventilé; si nécessaire portez un
respirateur à adduction d’air. Car ces revêtements et tout métal
qui contient ces éléments peuvent dégager des fumées
toxiques au moment du soudage.
1. Portez un écran facial ou des lunettes protectrices
approuvées. Des écrans latéraux sont recommandés.
2. Portez des vêtements appropriés pour protéger la peau.
AVERTISSEMENT
AVERTISSEMENT
LE SOUDAGE PEUT CAUSER UN INCENDIE OU UNE
EXPLOSION
L’arc produit des étincellies et des projections. Les
particules volantes, le métal chaud, les projections
de soudure et l’équipement surchauffé peuvent
causer un incendie et des brûlures. Le contact
accidentel de l’électrode ou du fil-électrode avec
un objet métallique peut provoquer des étincelles,
un échauffement ou un incendie.
1. Protégez-vous, ainsi que les autres, contre les étincelles et
du métal chaud.
2. Ne soudez pas dans un endroit où des particules volantes ou
des projections peuvent atteindre des matériaux
inflammables.
3. Enlevez toutes matières inflammables dans un rayon de 10,
7 mètres autour de l’arc, ou couvrez-les soigneusement avec
des bâches approuvées.
4. Méfiez-vous des projections brulantes de soudage
susceptibles de pénétrer dans des aires adjacentes par de
petites ouvertures ou fissures.
5. Méfiez-vous des incendies et gardez un extincteur à portée
de la main.
6. N’oubliez pas qu’une soudure réalisée sur un plafond, un
plancher, une cloison ou une paroi peut enflammer l’autre
côté.
7. Ne soudez pas un récipient fermé, tel un réservoir ou un
baril.
8. Connectez le câble de soudage le plus près possible de la
zone de soudage pour empêcher le courant de suivre un long
parcours inconnu, et prévenir ainsi les risques d’électrocution
et d’incendie.
LES BOUTEILLES ENDOMMAGEES PEUVENT
EXPLOSER
Les bouteilles contiennent des gaz protecteurs sous
haute pression. Des bouteilles endommagées
peuvent exploser. Comme les bouteilles font
normalement partie du procédé de soudage, traitezles avec soin.
1. Protégez les bouteilles de gaz comprimé contre les sources
de chaleur intense, les chocs et les arcs de soudage.
2. Enchainez verticalement les bouteilles à un support ou à un
cadre fixe pour les empêcher de tomber ou d’être renversées.
3. Eloignez les bouteilles de tout circuit électrique ou de tout
soudage.
4. Empêchez tout contact entre une bouteille et une électrode
de soudage.
5. N’utilisez que des bouteilles de gaz protecteur, des
détendeurs, des boyauxs et des raccords conçus pour chaque
application spécifique; ces équipements et les pièces
connexes doivent être maintenus en bon état.
6. Ne placez pas le visage face à l’ouverture du robinet de la
bouteille lors de son ouverture.
7. Laissez en place le chapeau de bouteille sauf si en utilisation
ou lorsque raccordé pour utilisation.
8. Lisez et respectez les consignes relatives aux bouteilles de
gaz comprimé et aux équipements connexes, ainsi que la
publication P-1 de la CGA, identifiée dans la liste de documents ci-dessous.
AVERTISSEMENT
9. Ne dégelez pas les tuyaux avec un source de courant.
LES MOTEURS PEUVENT ETRE DANGEREUX
10. Otez l’électrode du porte-électrode ou coupez le fil au tubecontact lorsqu’inutilisé après le soudage.
LES GAZ D’ECHAPPEMENT DES MOTEURS
PEUVENT ETRE MORTELS.
11. Portez des vêtements protecteurs non huileux, tels des gants
en cuir, une chemise épaisse, un pantalon revers, des bottines
de sécurité et un casque.
AVERTISSEMENT
LES ETINCELLES ET LES PROJECTIONS
BRULANTES PEUVENT CAUSER DES BLESSURES.
Les moteurs produisent des gaz d’échappement nocifs.
1. Utilisez l’équipement à l’extérieur dans des aires ouvertes et
bien ventilées.
2. Si vous utilisez ces équipements dans un endroit confiné,
les fumées d’échappement doivent être envoyées à l’extérieur,
loin des prises d’air du bâtiment.
Le piquage et le meulage produisent des particules
métalliques volantes. En refroidissant, la soudure
peut projeter du éclats de laitier.
1-8
March 16, 2007
POWERMASTER 320SP, 400SP, 500SP
1. Portez toujours un écran facial en travaillant sur un accumulateur.
AVERTISSEMENT
2. Arrêtez le moteur avant de connecter ou de déconnecter des
câbles d’accumulateur.
LE CARBURANT PEUR CAUSER UN INCENDIE OU
UNE EXPLOSION.
Le carburant est hautement inflammable.
1. Arrêtez le moteur avant de vérifier le niveau e
carburant ou de faire le plein.
3. N’utilisez que des outils anti-étincelles pour travailler sur un
accumulateur.
4. N’utilisez pas une source de courant de soudage pour charger
un accumulateur ou survolter momentanément un véhicule.
5. Utilisez la polarité correcte (+ et –) de l’accumulateur.
2. Ne faites pas le plein en fumant ou proche d’une source
d’étincelles ou d’une flamme nue.
3. Si c’est possible, laissez le moteur refroidir avant de faire le
plein de carburant ou d’en vérifier le niveau au début du
soudage.
AVERTISSEMENT
4. Ne faites pas le plein de carburant à ras bord: prévoyez de
l’espace pour son expansion.
LA VAPEUR ET LE LIQUIDE DE REFROIDISSEMENT
BRULANT SOUS PRESSION PEUVENT BRULER LA
PEAU ET LES YEUX.
5. Faites attention de ne pas renverser de carburant. Nettoyez
tout carburant renversé avant de faire démarrer le moteur.
Le liquide de refroidissement d’un radiateur peut
être brûlant et sous pression.
AVERTISSEMENT
1. N’ôtez pas le bouchon de radiateur tant que le moteur n’est
pas refroidi.
DES PIECES EN MOUVEMENT PEUVENT CAUSER
DES BLESSURES.
Des pièces en mouvement, tels des ventilateurs,
des rotors et des courroies peuvent couper doigts
et mains, ou accrocher des vêtements amples.
2. Mettez des gants et posez un torchon sur le bouchon pour
l’ôter.
3. Laissez la pression s’échapper avant d’ôter complètement le
bouchon.
1. Assurez-vous que les portes, les panneaux, les capots et les
protecteurs soient bien fermés.
1.06
2. Avant d’installer ou de connecter un système, arrêtez le
moteur.
Safety in Welding and Cutting, norme ANSI Z49.1, American
Welding Society, 550 N.W. LeJeune Rd., Miami, FL 33128.
3. Seules des personnes qualifiées doivent démonter des
protecteurs ou des capots pour faire l’entretien ou le
dépannage nécessaire.
Safety and Health Standards, OSHA 29 CFR 1910, Superintendent of Documents, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, D.C. 20402.
4. Pour empêcher un démarrage accidentel pendant l’entretien,
débranchez le câble d’accumulateur à la borne négative.
Recommended Safe Practices for the Preparation for Welding
and Cutting of Containers That Have Held Hazardous Substances,
norme AWS F4.1, American Welding Society, 550 N.W. LeJeune
Rd., Miami, FL 33128.
5. N’approchez pas les mains ou les cheveux de pièces en
mouvement; elles peuvent aussi accrocher des vêtements
amples et des outils.
6. Réinstallez les capots ou les protecteurs et fermez les portes
après des travaux d’entretien et avant de faire démarrer le
moteur.
AVERTISSEMENT
DES ETINCELLES PEUVENT FAIRE EXPLOSER UN
ACCUMULATEUR; L’ELECTROLYTE D’UN
ACCUMU-LATEUR PEUT BRULER LA PEAU ET LES
YEUX.
Principales Normes De Securite
National Electrical Code, norme 70 NFPA, National Fire Protection Association, Batterymarch Park, Quincy, MA 02269.
Safe Handling of Compressed Gases in Cylinders, document P1, Compressed Gas Association, 1235 Jefferson Davis Highway,
Suite 501, Arlington, VA 22202.
Code for Safety in Welding and Cutting, norme CSA W117.2 Association canadienne de normalisation, Standards Sales, 276
Rexdale Boulevard, Rexdale, Ontario, Canada M9W 1R3.
Safe Practices for Occupation and Educational Eye and Face Protection, norme ANSI Z87.1, American National Standards Institute, 1430 Broadway, New York, NY 10018.
Cutting and Welding Processes, norme 51B NFPA, National Fire
Protection Association, Batterymarch Park, Quincy, MA 02269.
Les accumulateurs contiennent de l’électrolyte acide
et dégagent des vapeurs explosives.
March 16, 2007
1-9
POWERMASTER 320SP, 400SP, 500SP
1.07
Graphique de Symbole
Seulement certains de ces symboles apparaîtront sur votre modèle.
Sous Tension
Mono Phasé
Déroulement du Fil
Hors Tension
Trois Phasé
Alimentation du Fil Vers
la Pièce de Fabrication
Hors Tension
Tri-Phase Statique
Tension dangereuse
Fréquence Convertisseur
Transformateur-Redresseur
Torch de Soudage
Augmentez/Diminuer
Distant
Purge Du Gaz
Facteur de Marche
Mode Continu de
Soudure
Pourcentage
Soudure Par Point
Disjoncteur
Source AC Auxiliaire
X
%
Fusible
Panneau/Local
Intensité de Courant
Soudage Arc Electrique
Avec Electrode Enrobé
(SMAW)
Tension
Soudage á L’arc Avec
Fil Electrodes Fusible
(GMAW)
Hertz (cycles/sec)
Soudage á L’arc Avec
Electrode Non Fusible
(GTAW)
Fréquence
Decoupe Arc Carbone
(CAC-A)
t
Duréc du Pulse
Durée de Pré-Dèbit
t1
t2
Durée de Post-Dèbit
Détente à 2-Temps
Appuyez pour dèruarer
l’alimentation du fils et la soudure,
le relâcher pour arrêter.
Détente à 4-Temps
Négatif
Courant Constant
Positif
Tension Constante
Ou Potentiel Constant
Courant Continue (DC)
Haute Température
Terre de Protection
Amorçage de L’arc au
Contact (GTAW)
Connexion de la Ligne
115V 15A
1-10
Classement de PriseSource Auxiliaire
t
Probléme de Terre
IPM
Pouces Par Minute
MPM
Mètres Par Minute
Force d'Arc
Ligne
Source Auxiliaire
Maintenez appuyez pour pré-dèbit,
relailez pour initier l'arc. Appuyez
pour arrêter l'arc, et mainteuir pour
pré-dèbit.
Inductance Variable
V
Tension
Art # A-07639
March 16, 2007
POWERMASTER 320SP, 400SP, 500SP
SECTION 2:
INTRODUCTION
2.01 How To Use This Manual
2.02 Equipment Identification
This Owner’s Manual applies to just specification or
part numbers listed on page i.
The unit’s identification number (specification or part
number), model, and serial number usually appear
on a nameplate attached to the control panel. In some
cases, the nameplate may be attached to the rear
panel. Equipment which does not have a control panel
such as gun and cable assemblies is identified only
by the specification or part number printed on the
shipping container. Record these numbers on the
bottom of page i for future reference.
To ensure safe operation, read the entire manual,
including the chapter on safety instructions and
warnings.
Throughout this manual, the words WARNING,
CAUTION, and NOTE may appear. Pay particular
attention to the information provided under these
headings. These special annotations are easily
recognized as follows:
!
WARNING
A WARNING gives information regarding
possible personal injury.
CAUTION
A CAUTION refers to possible equipment
damage.
NOTE
A NOTE offers helpful information
concerning certain operating procedures.
2.03 Receipt Of Equipment
When you receive the equipment, check it against
the invoice to make sure it is complete and inspect
the equipment for possible damage due to shipping.
If there is any damage, notify the carrier immediately
to file a claim. Furnish complete information
concerning damage claims or shipping errors to the
location in your area listed in the inside back cover
of this manual.
Include all equipment identification numbers as
described above along with a full description of the
parts in error.
Move the equipment to the installation site before
un-crating the unit. Use care to avoid damaging the
equipment when using bars, hammers, etc., to uncrate the unit.
Additional copies of this manual may be purchased
by contacting Thermal Arc at the address and phone
number listed in the inside back cover of this manual.
Include the Owner’s Manual number and equipment
identification numbers.
Electronic copies of this manual can also be downloaded at no charge in Acrobat PDF format by going
to the Thermal Arc web site listed below and clicking
on the Literature Library link:
http://www.thermalarc.com
March 16, 2007
2-1
POWERMASTER 320SP, 400SP, 500SP
2.04 Machine Components (500SP, 400SP, and SP4000W)
(2)
(3)
(1)
(4)
(5)
(6)
(7)
(8)
(9)
(9)
(10)
(11)
(17)
(12)
(13)
(16)
(14)
(15)
Art # A-07717
1. External Wire Feeder (N/A with compact models)
10. Handle
2. Protective Cover, Operation Panel
11. Mains On/Off Switch
3. Secondary Control Operating Panel
12. Coolant Tank Cap
4. Primary Control Operating Panel
13. Air intake
5. Preview and actual welding current and voltage
14. Wheeling Gear
6. MIG Torch Connection
15. Positive Connection Socket for Work Lead
7. Red = Hot coolant return
16. Negative Connection Socket for Work Lead
8. Blue = Cool coolant to torch
17. Gas Cylinder Tray
9. Lifting Points (refer to Section 2.07)
18. Work Clamp (not shown)
19. MIG Torch (not shown)
2-2
March 16, 2007
POWERMASTER 320SP, 400SP, 500SP
2.05 Machine Components (400SP Compact Model)
(2)
(7)
(7)
(1)
(3)
(5)
(4)
(8)
(9)
(6)
(10)
(12)
(15)
(11)
Art # A-07884
1. Wire Feeder Door Panel
9. Mains On/Off Switch
2. Protective Cover, Operation Panel
10. Air intake
3. Secondary Control Operating Panel
11. Positive Connection Socket for Work Lead
4. Primary Control Operating Panel
12. Negative Connection Socket for Work Lead
5. Preview and actual welding current and voltage
13. Work Clamp (not shown)
6. MIG Torch Connection
14. MIG Torch (not shown)
7. Lifting Points (refer to Section 2.07)
15. Wheeling Gear
8. Handle
March 16, 2007
2-3
POWERMASTER 320SP, 400SP, 500SP
2.06 Machine Components (320SP Compact Model)
(2), (10)
Art # A-07908
(1)
(3)
(4)
(6)
(5)
(7)
(8)
(9)
(13)
(14)
1. Wire Feeder Door Panel
9. MIG Torch Connection
2. Carrying Handle
10. Lifting Point (refer to Section 2.07)
3. Protective Cover, Operation Panel
11. Mains On/Off Switch (in rear)
4. Handle
12. Air intake (in rear)
5. Torch Holder
13. Negative Connection Socket for Work Lead
6. Secondary Control Operating Panel
14. Positive Connection Socket for Work Lead
7. Primary Control Operating Panel
13. Work Clamp (not shown)
8. Preview and actual welding current and voltage
14. MIG Torch (not shown)
15. Wheeling Gear (in rear)
2-4
March 16, 2007
POWERMASTER 320SP, 400SP, 500SP
2.07 Lifting Points
Maximum
Art # A-07909
Lifting Point for 320SP and 400SP Compact
Art # A-07910
Lifting Points for 500SP and 400SP
March 16, 2007
2-5
POWERMASTER 320SP, 400SP, 500SP
2.08 Power Supply Specifications (part 1)
PowerMaster Power Source Part Numbers
Compact Power Supply with Integrated Wirefeeder
Remote Power Supply with Integrated Torch Water Cooling System
Automation Power Supply with Integrated Torch Water Cooling System
Summary Specifications
Input Mains Voltage (50/60 Hz)
Mains Voltage Tolerance Range
Max Recommended Circuit Breaker or Time-Delay Fuse
Max Recommended Standard Normal Operating Fuse
Max Recommended Circuit Breaker or Time-Delay Fuse
Max Recommended Standard Normal Operating Fuse
Power factor at Maximum Output
Maximum Open Circuit Voltage
Voltage Range for GMAW-P, GMAW, FCAW, MIG
Current Range for GMAW-P, GMAW, FCAW, MIG
Current Range for SMAW (Stick)
Enclosure Protection Class to EN 60 529
Insulation Class
Cooling Method
Noise Emission
320SP
W1000102
V 208 230 400 460
+/- 10
%
3 Phase
A
3 Phase
A
1 Phase
A 70 60 40 35
1 Phase
A 80 70 45 40
cos
0.99
OCV
V
79
U 2min-U 2max V
14.3 – 30
5 – 320
I 2min-I 2max
A
10-300
I 2min-I 2max
A
IP23
F
Fan Cooled
<70
dB (A)
Electrical Specifications for GMAW-P / GMAW / FCAW / MIG with Three-Phase Input Power
Welding Output
320SP
Duty Cycle 100%
3 Phase
A
Duty Cycle 60%
3 Phase
A
Duty Cycle at Maximum Current
3 Phase
X
Input Mains Power
Input Mains Voltage (50/60 Hz)
3 Phase
V
Input Power S1 at 100% Duty Cycle
3 Phase
kVA Input Power S1 at 60% Duty Cycle
3 Phase
kVA Input Power S1 at Maximum Current
3 Phase
kVA Generator Requirement with Three Phase
3 Phase
kVA
Input Current I1 at 100% Duty Cycle
3 Phase
A
Input Current I1 at 60% Duty Cycle
3 Phase
A
Input Current I1 at Maximum Output
3 Phase
A
Electrical Specifications for GMAW-P / GMAW / FCAW / MIG with Single-Phase Input Power
320SP
Welding Output
250
Duty Cycle 100%
1 Phase
A
280
Duty Cycle 60%
1 Phase
A
1 Phase
X
40%@320A,
Duty Cycle at Maximum Current
Input Mains Power
Input Mains Voltage (50/60 Hz)
1 Phase
V 208 230 400
Input Power S1 at 100% Duty Cycle
1 Phase
kVA 9
9 10
Input Power S1 at 60% Duty Cycle
1 Phase
kVA 11 11 12
Input Power S1 at Maximum Output
1 Phase
kVA 14 13 15
Generator Requirement with Single Phase
1 Phase
kVA
23
Input Current I1 at 100% Duty Cycle
1 Phase
A 44 40 26
Input Current I1 at 60% Duty Cycle
1 Phase
A 52 47 31
Input Current I1 Maximum Output
1 Phase
A 70 58 38
2-6
-
30V
460
10
12
15
23
26
32
400SP
W1000304
W1000202
W1000402
W1000502
W1000602
208 230 400 460
+/- 10
45 40 25 20
55 50 30 25
100 90 50 45
110 100 60 50
0.99
79
14.3 – 34
5 – 400
10-380
IP23
F
Fan Cooled
<70
208 230 400 460
+/- 10
70 60 35 30
80 70 40 35
100 90 50 45
110 100 60 50
0.99
79
14.3 – 39
5 – 500
10-480
IP23
F
Fan Cooled
<70
400SP
320
350
50%@400A, 34V
500SP
400
500
60%@500A, 39V
208
11
13
17
230 400
11 12
13 14
16 17
25
32 29 18
37 33 20
46 41 24
500SP
460
12
14
17
16
17
21
400SP
320
350
50%@400A, 34V
208
13
15
19
230 400
14 14
16 16
20 20
30
65 61 35
74 68 40
92 85 50
460
14
16
20
30
35
43
208
16
24
24
230 400
16 16
23 23
23 23
35
45 40 23
66 59 34
66 59 34
460
17
24
24
21
30
30
500SP
320
350
50%@400A, 34V
208
13
15
19
230 400
14 14
16 16
20 20
30
65 61 35
74 68 40
92 85 50
460
14
16
20
30
35
43
March 16, 2007
POWERMASTER 320SP, 400SP, 500SP
2.09 Power Supply Specifications (part 2)
Electrical Specifications for SMAW / STICK with Three-Phase Input Power
320SP
400SP
500SP
Duty Cycle 100%
3 Phase
A
-
300
380
Duty Cycle 60%
3 Phase
A
-
330
480
Duty Cycle at Maximum Current
3 Phase
X
-
Welding Output
50%@380A, 35.2V 60%@480A, 39.2V
Input Mains Power
Input Mains Voltage (50/60 Hz)
3 Phase
V
-
-
-
-
Input Power S1 at 100% Duty Cycle
3 Phase
kVA
-
-
-
-
208 230 400 460 208 230 400 460
10
10
11
11
16
16
17
17
Input Power S1 at 60% Duty Cycle
3 Phase
kVA
-
-
-
-
12
12
12
12
23
22
22
23
Input Power S1 at Maximum Output
3 Phase
kVA
-
-
-
-
16
16
16
17
23
22
22
23
Generator Requirement with Three Phase
3 Phase
kVA
Input Current I1 at 100% Duty Cycle
3 Phase
A
-
-
-
-
27
26
16
13
44
41
25
22
Input Current I1 at 60% Duty Cycle
3 Phase
A
-
-
-
-
33
30
17
15
63
56
32
29
Input Current I1 at Maximum Output
3 Phase
A
-
-
-
-
44
40
24
21
63
56
32
29
-
35
25
Electrical Specifications for SMAW / STICK with Single-Phase Input Power
320SP
400SP
500SP
Duty Cycle 100%
1 Phase
A
230
300
300
Duty Cycle 60%
1 Phase
A
260
330
330
Duty Cycle at Maximum Current
1 Phase
X
40%@300A, 32V
Welding Output
50%@380A, 35.2V 50%@380A, 35.2V
Input Mains Power
Input Mains Voltage (50/60 Hz)
1 Phase
Input Power S1 at 100% Duty Cycle
1 Phase
kVA 10
V 208 230 400 460 208 230 400 460 208 230 400 460
10
12
12
13
14
13
13
13
14
13
Input Power S1 at 60% Duty Cycle
1 Phase
kVA 12
12
14
13
15
15
15
15
15
15
15
15
Input Power S1 at Maximum Output
1 Phase
kVA 14
13
15
15
19
19
19
19
19
19
19
19
Generator Requirement with Single Phase
1 Phase
kVA
Input Current I1 at 100% Duty Cycle
1 Phase
A
49
45
29
25
64
59
34
29
64
59
34
29
Input Current I1 at 60% Duty Cycle
1 Phase
A
57
52
34
28
73
66
38
33
73
66
38
33
Input Current I1 at Maximum Output
1 Phase
A
67
57
38
32
90
83
48
41
90
83
48
41
22
30
13
30
320SP
400SP
500SP
Standard Coolant Flow Rate
gallon / min.
-
0.29
0.29
Maximum Coolant Pressure
Psi
-
50
50
-
Centrifugal Pump
Centrifugal Pump
Torch Cooling System (Where Fitted)
Pump Type
320SP
400SP
500SP
in
29.3x13.4x19.6
43.9x17.5x33.7
43.9x17.5x33.7
lb
77
201
222
Dimensions and Weights
Power Supply Dimension
Power Supply Weight
March 16, 2007
(DxWxH)
2-7
POWERMASTER 320SP, 400SP, 500SP
2.10 Wire Feeder Specifications
Wirefeeder Part Numbers
Wirefeeder suits water cooled torch
Wirefeeder suits Automation Power Source
Welding Output
Weldable Wire Steel & Stainless Steel
Weldable Wire Aluminum
Wirefeed Speed
Wire feed unit
Dimensions and weights
Size of wire feed case (DxWxH)
Weight of wire feed case
SP4000W
W3000102
–
SP4000R
–
W3000302
Ø in
Ø in
IPM
Rollers
.023 – .045
.035 - 1/16
4 – 984
4
.023 – 1/16
.035 – 3/32
4 – 984
4
in.
lb.
25.2x14x19.6
44.4
21.3x8.2x7
18.7
NOTE
Due to variations that can occur in manufactured products, claimed performance, voltages, ratings,
all capacities, measurements, dimensions and weights quoted are approximate only. Achievable
capacities and ratings in use and operation will depend upon correct installation, use, applications,
maintenance and service.
2-8
March 16, 2007
POWERMASTER 320SP, 400SP, 500SP
2.11 Features and Benefits Common to all PowerMaster SP Systems #
HARDWARE (Standard)
SOFTWARE (Standard)
Inverter Design: Heavy duty, highly efficient,
environmentally toughened 80KHz design with
exceptional dynamic welding performance.
Links the wire feed speed, arc current
and voltage to deliver the perfect welding parameters
and eliminate the guesswork for achieving optimum
performance. Refer to page 4-2 item 52.
Flow Through Tunnel: Designed to circulate air around
components that require cooling and not over critical
circuitry. This reduces metallic dust ingression and
improves reliability.
Intelligent Heat Sensing Fan: Operates only as needed
to cool components and further reduce airborne
contaminants from being pulled through the power
source.
Simple, multi-voltage design from 200
to 500V for maximum flexibility in a single power
source.
Remote Control CAN-Bus Ports: Allow for easy data
transfer and provide full function remote control
capability.
4 Roll Drive Systems: All wire feeder drive systems
are high precision, 4 roll systems manufactured to
extremely tight tolerances for optimum feed-ability of
both hard and soft wires. Refer to page 3-8.
Heavy Duty Running Gear: All running gear has been
developed for manufacturing / production
environments, built heavy-duty and designed to last.
Tweco® Guns and Accessories: Tweco® has a full line
of PulseMaster standard and PulseMaster Smart Guns
with advanced digital controls optimized for the
PowerMaster SP range. Gun connections are Tweco®
No. 4 and return leads are Tweco® MPC. Refer to page
3-10.
Effortless TIG-like weld appearance up
to seven times faster on aluminum and stainless steel
than traditional TIG (GTAW).
High Definition Pulse is expertly tailored,
optimized wave designs for perfect, digital
microprocessor controlled, pulse performance.
Built-in hardware and software
protection against accidental incorrect input voltage
selection.
JobTool™ is a library of 100 independent,
user-defined, job save programs. You can save and
recall welding procedures from a PulseMaster
SmartGun or from the front panel at any time. Refer
to page 4-3 item 62.
Fresh Tip Treatment sharpens the wire at the
end of the weld sequence ready for a perfect restart.
Recalls up to 100 personalized jobs with
perfect repeatability from the push of a button. Refer
to page 4-2 item 45 and 47 and to page 4-6 section
C 1-7.
Pre Programmed: Up to 100 optimized SmartMIG™,
PulseMIG and TwinPulse™ programs are standard,
delivering optimal performance and versatility.
Down Slope (Crater Fill Mode): The digitally
adjustable parameters reduce arc energy down
eliminating any craters that could cause defects.
#Subject to change without notification.
March 16, 2007
2-9
POWERMASTER 320SP, 400SP, 500SP
2.11 Features and Benefits Common to all PowerMaster SP Systems (con't) #
PERFORMANCE (Standard)
HARDWARE/SOFTWARE (Options)
Operating Platform: How would you like to use the
machine? What is your primary parameter is it Inches
per Minute or Amps? Would you rather just dial up
the material thickness and let the machine do the rest?
All can be accommodated.
High Speed Pulse is specialized high speed
wave design for maximum productivity.
Push / Pull Gun Capability: “Plug and Play” Python®
interface.
One Touch Control: Delivers at your fingertips the
perfect welding parameters by adjusting the total arc
energy. Set material thickness then start welding.
Hot Start Ignition: The digitally adjustable start
parameters combined with FTT™, creep feed speed
and an amplified power level applied to the welding
arc at the start of the weld bead ensures perfect fusion.
#Subject to change without notification.
2-10
March 16, 2007
POWERMASTER 320SP, 400SP, 500SP
SECTION 3:
INSTALLATION
NOTE
Please refer to Sections 3.04 Recommended
Equipment Setup and SECTION 4: Control
Panels for explanations of the controls.
!
WARNING
Thermal Arc advises that a suitable Mains
Plug and cable be fitted to this equipment
by a qualified electrical trades-person.
3.01 Location
Adequate air circulation is needed at all times in order
to assure proper operation. Provide a minimum of 12
inches (305 mm) of free airspace on all sides of the
unit. Make sure that the ventilator openings are not
obstructed. Ventilation airflow is from rear to side.
!
WARNING
Injury to the operator may occur if the
machine’s maximum permissible angle of
inclination is exceeded. The maximum
permissible angle of inclination is 10°.
Only transport or position the machine
for welding on a flat and level surface.
3.03 Fitting the Mains Cable into the
Cable Gland
Refer to the pictures below when connecting the
mains cable to the cable gland.
3.02 Transportation and Positioning
Properly transporting and positioning the equipment
is important for preventing injury. Move the equipment
in an upright position and pick a flat welding surface.
Save
Enter
Tiptroni
c
(END)
Mode
(+)
Enter
mm
V
HOLD
A
Art # A-08325_AA
Art # A-08324_AA
March 16, 2007
3-1
POWERMASTER 320SP, 400SP, 500SP
!
WARNING
!
WARNING
ELECTRIC SHOCK CAN KILL.
The mains cable has to be assembled into
the cable gland as shown in the picture.
The electrical technician has to make sure
that the cable gland is adjusted to the external diameter of the mains cable and the
mains cable is securely fastened in the
cable gland according to IEC 60974-1.
3.04 Voltage Change-over
Open the main wall disconnect switch or
breaker, before removing any covers or
access panels on the welding machine.
Live voltage is still present even with the
front panel control switch OFF. Wait at least
10 full minutes after power has been
removed before removing any covers or
access panels to allow adequate time for
internal capacitors to discharge.
For proper operation and to prevent damage to the
machine, the Voltage Input Select Switch must be set
according to the incoming AC line voltage.
If this switch is not set to the position that matches
the input line voltage, the Smart Logic will inhibit the
welding power source from turning on. The Voltage
Input Select Switch is located on the rear panel.
Art # A-07856
To set the Voltage Input Select Switch:
1. Rotate the locking screw 90 degrees.
2. Lift up the switch cover and set the switch to
the incoming AC line voltage.
3. Secure the switch cover.
!
WARNING
Do not alter the position of the Voltage
Input Select Switch when the ON/OFF
Switch is in the ON position as this will
cause two internal auxiliary fuses to
rupture. These fuses will have to be
replaced before the machine can operate.
3-2
March 16, 2007
POWERMASTER 320SP, 400SP, 500SP
3.05 Connecting 3-Phase Input Power to 400SP or 500SP
!
WARNINGS
Installation must meet all National and Local Codes - have only qualified persons make this
installation.
Disconnect and lockout/tagout input power before connecting input conductors from unit.
Always connect green or green/yellow conductor to supply grounding terminal first, and never to a
line terminal. Make input power connections to the welding power source first.
Input Mains Voltage (50/60 Hz)
Max Recommended Circuit Breaker or Time-Delay Fuse
Max Recommended Standard Normal Operating Fuse
Min Input Conductor Size
Min Input Conductor Size
Suggested Input Cord Type
V
A
A
AWG
AWG
208
45
55
8
8
Three-Phase
Three-Phase
400SP
500SP
230
40
50
8
8
400
25
30
12
12
460
20
25
14
14
208
70
80
4
6
230
60
70
6
8
400
35
40
10
10
460
30
35
10
10
Carolprene® Jacketed Type SOOW
90°C 600 Volt UL/CSA Portable Cord
GND/PE
Ground
Terminal
Ground
Conductor
Line
Disconnect
Switch
Art: A-07857
Line Fuse
Primary Power Cable
(not supplied)
March 16, 2007
3-3
POWERMASTER 320SP, 400SP, 500SP
!
WARNING
Never connect the safety ground screw to
one of the three line phases. This would
represent a serious electrical shock hazard.
The wiring to this machine should be
performed by a qualified person only.
A. Input Power Conductors (Customer Supplied Cord)
Select size of conductors using table. Conductors
must comply with national, state, and local
electrical codes. If applicable, use lugs of proper
amperage capacity and correct hole size.
B. Welding Power Source Input Power Connections
Remove the side panel next to the strain relief.
Route conductors (cord) through strain relief and
tighten screws.
Art # A-07858
Connect input conductors as shown in illustration.
Connect green or green/yellow grounding
conductor to welding power supply grounding
terminal first.
L1
Then connect input conductors L1, L2, and L3 to
welding power supply line terminals.
L2
Reinstall side panel onto welding power supply.
L3
C. Turn the Line Disconnect Switch off
D. Connect the green or green/yellow-grounding
conductor to the Line Disconnect Switch ground
terminal first.
E. Connect input conductors L1, L2, and L3 to the
Line Disconnect Switch terminals.
F. Select type and size of over-current protection
using table (fused Line Disconnect Switch shown).
Black
White
L1
L2
L3
G. Close and secure door on Line Disconnect Switch.
Red
H. Remove lockout/tagout device, and place switch
in the On position.
GND/PE
3-4
Green & Yellow
GND/PE
March 16, 2007
POWERMASTER 320SP, 400SP, 500SP
3.06 Connecting Single-Phase Input Power to 320SP or 400SP or 500SP
!
WARNINGS
Installation must meet all National and Local Codes - have only qualified persons make this installation.
Disconnect and lockout/tagout input power before connecting input conductors from unit.
Always connect green or green/yellow conductor to supply grounding terminal first, and never to a
line terminal.
Make input power connections to the welding power source first.
Single-Phase
320SP
Input Mains Voltage (50/60 Hz)
Max Recommended Circuit Breaker or Time-Delay Fuse
Max Recommended Standard Normal Operating Fuse
Min Input Conductor Size
Min Input Conductor Size
Suggested Input Cord Type
Input Mains Voltage (50/60 Hz)
Max Recommended Circuit Breaker or Time-Delay Fuse
Max Recommended Standard Normal Operating Fuse
Min Input Conductor Size
Min Input Conductor Size
Suggested Input Cord Type
V
A
A
AWG
AWG
V
A
A
AWG
AWG
208 230 400 460
70
60
40
35
90
70
45
40
6
6
10
12
8
8
10
12
Carolprene® Jacketed Type
SOOW 90°C 600 Volt
UL/CSA Portable Cord
Single-Phase
Single-Phase
400SP
500SP
208 230 400 460 208 230 400 460
100
90
50
45
100
90
50
45
110 100
60
55
110 100
60
55
4
4
8
10
4
4
8
10
6
6
8
10
6
6
8
10
Carolprene® Jacketed Type SOOW 90°C 600 Volt
UL/CSA Portable Cord
GND/PE
Ground
Terminal
Ground
Conductor
Line
Disconnect
Switch
Art: A-07859
Line Fuse
Primary Power Cable
March 16, 2007
3-5
POWERMASTER 320SP, 400SP, 500SP
!
F. Select type and size of over-current protection
using table (fused Line Disconnect Switch shown).
WARNING
G. Close and secure door on Line Disconnect Switch.
Never connect the safety ground screw to
one of the three line phases. This would
represent a serious electrical shock
hazard. The wiring to this machine should
be performed by a qualified person only.
H. Remove lockout/tagout device, and place switch
in the On position.
A. Input Power Conductors (Customer Supplied
Cord)
Select size of conductors using table. Conductors
must comply with national, state, and local
electrical codes. If applicable, use lugs of proper
amperage capacity and correct hole size.
B. Welding Power Source Input Power Connections
Remove the side panel next to the strain relief.
Route conductors (cord) through strain relief and
tighten the compression fitting.
Art # A-07862
On the 320SP, disconnnect the terminal block from
the switch shaft by pushing the small red lever
away from you (see below).
Art # A-07920
T2
T1
Push red lever
away from you
to release the
terminal block
1-Phase Input Power Connection
PowerMaster 320SP
Connect input conductors as shown in illustration.
White
Green & Yellow
Connect green or green/yellow grounding
conductor to welding power supply grounding
terminal first.
Then connect input conductors T1 and T2 to
welding power supply line terminals.
Black
GND/PE
On the 320SP, push the terminal block back on
the switch shaft and pull the red level toward you.
Reinstall side panel onto welding power supply.
GND/PE
1-Phase Input Power Connection
PowerMaster 400SP,500SP
C. Turn the Line Disconnect Switch off
D. Connect the green or green/yellow-grounding
conductor to the Line Disconnect Switch ground
terminal first.
E. Connect input conductors T1 and T2 to the Line
Disconnect Switch terminals.
3-6
Black
L1
L2
L3
White
GND/PE
Green & Yellow
GND/PE
March 16, 2007
POWERMASTER 320SP, 400SP, 500SP
3.07 Quick Start Set Up
NOTE:
Please refer to Sections 3.04 Recommended
Equipment Setup and SECTION 4: Control
Panels for explanations of the controls.
WARNING
Thermal Arc advises that a suitable Mains
Plug be fitted to this equipment by a
qualified electrical trades-person.
A. Where equipped, place the gas cylinder on the
power supply cylinder tray and secure with the
two safety chains. If unit is not equipped with this
option, then ensure that the gas cylinder is secured
to a building pillar, wall bracket or otherwise
securely fixed in an upright position.
B. Remove screw cap from gas cylinder, if fitted, and
open gas cylinder valve briefly to remove
contaminants.
3.08 Recommended Setup for MIG
A. Torch Connection
1. Open the door panel to the machine by
turning the release knobs and pulling the
cover outward and up.
2. Route the gun cable through the access hole
in the front panel.
3. Locate the thumbscrew on the gun adapter
inside the unit. Loosen the thumbscrew and
insert the gun cable end into the gun adapter
as far as it will go. Tighten the thumbscrew.
4. Align the keyways of the gun switch
connector with the trigger receptacle next to
the gun cable and plug them together. Secure
by turning the locking ring to the right
(clockwise ).
5. If a coolant cooling system is installed,
connect the coolant hoses of the torch with
the coolant sockets on the front panel. Be
sure to connect the red fittings together and
the blue fittings together.
C. Connect gas regulator to gas cylinder.
D. Connect gas hose from power supply to gas
regulator and open gas cylinder valve.
E. Connect input power, refer to previous WARNING
and the Connecting Input Power Section.
Front Panel
Access Hole
Trigger Receptacle
Hot coolant return
(Red)
F. Connect work lead to Negative connection (–) and
attach Work clamp to workpiece.
Cool coolant to torch
(Blue)
G. Fit the correct size feed rollers to wire feeder then
fit the selected welding wire and set the pressure
levers to position 2.
H. Connect torch (central socket, coolant connections
red-blue) and mount contact tip to fit welding wire
selected.
I. Insert welding wire.
J. Turn on main switch.
Art # A-07851
K. Press push-button and push-button (gas type)
(solenoid valve is activated) and adjust gas amount
on the gas regulator.
L. Keep the wire inch switch
pressed until the
welding wire protrudes approximately 3/8 in. (10
mm) out of the MIG torch nozzle.
NOTE
When disconnecting gun switch leads
from the machine, loosen the locking ring
and grab the connectors and pull. Do not
pull on the wires.
6. To remove the gun, reverse these directions.
March 16, 2007
3-7
POWERMASTER 320SP, 400SP, 500SP
B. How To Connect The Work lead
E. How To Install The Wire Spool
Connect the Work Lead to the Negative Connection
and fasten it by turning the connector to the right.
Connect the Work Clamp to the workpiece or the
welding table.
Open the wire feed compartment lid on the power
supply or wirefeed case and un-screw the nut from
the wire support coil hub.
Place wire spool on the hub and ensure that the drive
pin engages the mating hole in the wire spool.
Press then release the inch switch
to adjust the
brake, the wire spool should not continue to run.
Negative
Connection
Drive pin
Hub
Art # A-06366
Work Lead
Brake
Nut
C. Where to connect the Work Clamp
Fasten the Work clamp (shown as #2 below), near the
welding location; this avoids stray current flow through
mains earthing system.
Art # A-06368
L
L
L
N
E
1
1
1
2
Art # A-06367
Connect the Work Clamp tightly to the welding bench
or to the workpiece.
!
WARNING
Do not place the Work clamp on the welding
power supply or gas cylinder as welding
current may be conducted via the mains
earth and will burn it out.
D. How To Connect To The Input Power
Refer to Connecting Input Power Section.
3-8
March 16, 2007
POWERMASTER 320SP, 400SP, 500SP
F. Insertion Of The Wire Electrode
Screw out the contact tip in the MIG torch handset.
Open the wire feed compartment lid on the power
supply or wirefeed case.
The diameter of the wire should correspond to the
diameter of the feedrolls. The wire size is on the face
of the feedrolls. Open the pressure lever and thread
the wire through the inlet guide and the outlet guide.
Pressure lever
until the wire
Press the inch switch button
appears approximately 3/4 in. (20 mm) out of the
torch neck.
Screw in the contact tip corresponding to the wire
diameter and cut off any wire sticking out.
G. How To Connect The Gas Cylinder
If the Wheeling Kit option has been installed, position a
gas cylinder on the rear tray and lock securely to the
Power Source cylinder bracket with the chains provided.
If this arrangement is not used then ensure that the
gas cylinder is secured to a building pillar, wall bracket
or otherwise securely fixed in an upright position.
Open the gas valve once to blow out possible dirt
particles.
Inlet guide
Feedroll
Outlet guide
Connect the gas regulator to the gas cylinder valve.
Art # A-06369
Connect the gas hose to the gas regulator.
Close the lever and fasten the pressure rollers.
Open the gas cylinder valve and adjust the gas flow on
the gas regulator while pressing the torch trigger switch.
The quantity will be shown at the flowmeter.
This should be approximately:
Lever
Pressure
adjustment
screw
Art # A-06370
Switch on power supply at main switch (item #11 see page 2-2), stretch torch cable out straight and
in the wire feed
press the inch switch button
compartment. Adjust the pressure at the pressure
adjustment screws so the wirefeed rolls drive the wire
consistently without slipping. The wire should not be
deformed.
Wire Size (in)
.023
.030
.035
.040
.045
3/64
gas cylinder valve
Art # A-06371
p
p
Gas Flow (CFH)
13
17
19
21
25
34
gas regulator
input gauge
output gauge
gas cylinder
p
bracket chain
33 2 32
gas hose
regulator valve
Correct
Pressure
Pressure Wrong Size
too High Feedrolls
Art # A-06372
Adjust the pressure adjustment knob next to the inlet
guide to a lower pressure less than the pressure
adjustment knob next to the outlet guide. This will
ensure that the wire will be located correctly in the
wirefeed unit.
March 16, 2007
3-9
POWERMASTER 320SP, 400SP, 500SP
H. How To Refill The Cooling Fluid
Only use original MIG/TIG coolant for refill. It
provides protection against frost down to 4°F
(-20°C). If using other coolants, the coolant pump
could be damaged. Coolant circulation has to be
checked at regular intervals. Reliable coolant return
flow is essential to ensure the coolant is not lost and
the coolant cooled MIG torch is not damaged. Check
the level of the coolant every day before operating.
The coolant must be visible when the tank cap is
removed.
CAUTION
I.
How To Configure The Power Supply
For Aluminum Welding
Change the feedrolls to U groove for aluminum wire
(refer to the Options and Accessories list in the
Appendix).
Change the torch liner to a nylon or teflon liner (refer
to the Options and Accessories list in the Appendix
and to the next section "3.07 Installing a New Wire
Conduit").
Use the correct size outlet guide to suit the wire
diameter.
.030 & .035 in. - Steel tube with red lining
.045 & 3/64 in. - Use steel tube with black lining
Remove the pin from the breather hole in
the cap of the coolant tank as leaving the
pin in the cap may cause a coolant flow
error.
MIG/TIG Coolant 1 Quart (1 L)
Part No. W4001402
MIG/TIG Coolant 1 Gallon (5 L) Part No. W4001400
1/16 in. - Use clear teflon tube
Fasten the torch and insert the wire electrode.
NOTE
The parts required for the torch depends
on the type torch and wire diameter.
Please refer to the torch spare parts list.
MIG/TIG Coolant 5 Gallon (20 L) Part No. W4001401
Coolant
Tank Cap
Art # A-06373
3-10
March 16, 2007
POWERMASTER 320SP, 400SP, 500SP
3.09 TWECO PULSEMASTER PMA5512 500 AMP Weld Gun
The TWECO Pulsemaster PMA5512 500 AMP gun fitted to the PowerMaster offers robust construction,
unparalleled reliability and easy replacement of consumable parts. The TWECO Pulsemaster gun has an operating
capacity in excess of the capacity of the PowerMaster and can be expected to give trouble free service.
6
5
4
3
7
2
Art # A-07922
1
TWECO Pulsemaster PMA5512 500 AMP Weld Gun
Item
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
Original Parts Installed
Description
Part No.
HEAVY DUTY NOZZLE
HD24LP-62-A
CONTACT TIP
16RZ-XX-A
HEAVY DUTY GAS DIFFUSER
MS5416SW-F
MACHINED NOZZLE INSULATOR 66J-3A
CONDUCTOR TUBE
PMA65-45S-F
HANDLE ASSY
N/A
TRIGGER ASSEMBLY
PM95-F
Qty
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
TWECO Pulsemaster MIG guns may be fitted to many different types of MIG welding Power Supplies so that
your whole shop can be converted to TWECO Pulsemaster. Not only will this give greater reliability (and hence
greater productivity) but it will reduce stockholding of consumable parts. See your Thermal Arc distributor for
details.
March 16, 2007
3-11
POWERMASTER 320SP, 400SP, 500SP
3.10 Installing A New Wire Conduit
1. Be sure the MIG gun cable is arranged in a straight
line, free from twists, when installing or removing a wire conduit. Remove the old conduit by first
removing the MIG gun nozzle, contact tip, insulator and gas diffuser. Then loosen Allen screws in
the conductor tube and connector plug and pull
the old wire conduit out of the cable assembly
from the connector plug end.
2. To install a new conduit, first inspect the o-ring
gas seal on the conduit for cuts or damage. Start
from the connector plug end of the assembly and
begin pushing the conduit through the connector
plug, cable assembly and into the gun. If the conduit should lodge along the way, gently whip or
work the cable assembly to aid forward movement.
When the conduit stop meets the end of the connector plug and the new raw end extends through
the end of the conductor tube on the welding gun,
tighten the Allen screw in the connector plug onto
the conduit to prevent its backward movement.
NOTE
When the conduit is fully inserted into the
cable assembly and the conduit stop is
firmly against the Connector Plug, the “raw
end” of the conduit will protrude out of
the open end of the gun conductor tube.
Trim the conduit as shown below. The
trimmed end which seats in the Gas
Diffuser must be filed and reamed smooth
on the inside and outside radii so wire feed
will not be obstructed.
3. Replace Gas Diffuser, Contact Tip, Insulator and
Nozzle.
4. Tighten the Allen screw in the conductor tube.
CAUTION
Do not over tighten the conductor tube
screw as this action will result in the
distortion of the conduit and will lead to
wire feedability problems.
CONDUCTOR TUBE
CONDUIT LINER
ALLEN SCREW
REMOVE
CONSUMABLES
1 1/16"
(27mm)
Art # A-07921
O-RINGS
ALLEN SCREW
CONDUIT LINER
CONNECTOR PLUG
3-12
March 16, 2007
POWERMASTER 320SP, 400SP, 500SP
SECTION 4:
OPERATION
4.01 General Safety Precautions
Read and understand the safety instructions at the beginning of this manual prior to operating this machine.
!
WARNING:
Be sure to put on proper protective clothing and eye safeguards (welding coat, apron, gloves, and
welding helmet, with proper lenses installed). See Safety Instructions and Warnings chapter included
in this manual. Neglect of these precautions may result in personal injury.
!
WARNING:
Make all connections to the power source including electrode and work cables, as well as
remote control cables, with the power source turned off. These connections could be electrically
live with the power switch ON.
March 16, 2007
4-1
POWERMASTER 320SP, 400SP, 500SP
(46) ”Welding wire diameter” push-button
For diameter selection of the wire to be
welded. The push-button is also used for the
“End” function, with which you can move back
to the previous menu level.
4.02 Welding Controls
This section explains the displays and buttons in the
Secondary Control Panel and Primary Control Panel
(items # 3 and 4 - see page 2-2).
Art # A-07864
(47) “TT Enter” push-button
For acknowledgment when saving a welding
job.
(48) “Gas type” push-button
For selection of the gas to be used. The pushbutton is also used for the “increment” (+)
function, e. g., to increase the value of a
secondary parameter.
(49)
push-button
For switching the Tiptronic process on or off.
(50) Multi-function display
For indication of all parameter values and
messages.
(51)
a,b
(43)
“Process” push-button
For switching between the operation processes.
ManualGMAW — Conventional GMAW with
separate Voltage and Wirespeed controls
SmartGMAW — Non-pulse GMAW with one
knob (53) control
PulseGMAW — Pulse GMAW with one knob
(53) control
— Twin pulse GMAW with one
knob (53) control
SMAW/STICK — Stick electrode welding
(44) “Material” push-button
For selection of the wire material to be welded.
The push-button is also used for the
“Decremental" (-) function, e. g., to reduce
the value of a secondary parameter.
(45) “TT Save” push-button
For saving user-defined, frequently used
welding jobs.
4-2
and
push-buttons (Enter)
For switching between the individual
secondary parameters. Pressing both pushbuttons at the same time is used for
acknowledgment (Enter).
(52a) “2 stroke (2T) / 4 stroke (4T)” push-button
For switching between 2T and 4T (Latch)
operation process. A lit LED indicates the
currently selected operating process.
(52b) "Spot Welding Mode" push-button
Activate the Spot Welding Mode by pressing
and holding the 2T/4T button for 2 seconds,
at which point the 2T and 4T leds will both be
lit. The "spot welding time" parameter can then
be adjustedin the main display.
(53) “Smart Power” control knob
Sets welding current or material thickness or
wire speed in SmartGMAW, Pulse MIG,
process. OR
“Arc Voltage” control knob Sets welding arc
voltage in ManualGMAW process.
(54) “Digital multifunction” display
Displays the primary parameters such as
welding current, material thickness (in .001),
wire feed speed (in inches/min) or arc length
trim.
March 16, 2007
POWERMASTER 320SP, 400SP, 500SP
(55) “Primary parameter” indicator lights
These lights show which primary parameter
is currently displayed in the multifunction
display (54).
(56) “Primary parameter” push-button
For switching between welding current,
material thickness, wire feed speed and arc
length, as indicated in the digital multifunction
display (54).
Art # A-06376
(57) “Downslope” push-button
Switches the downslope function on or off. A
lit LED next to the push-button indicates that
the downslope is on.
(60) Smart Torch display
Indicates the welding current or arc length trim;
material thickness or arc length trim; wire feed
speed or arc length trim (Linked to the digital
multifunction display (54)).
In
process, the current job set and
the current job number are displayed.
(58) “Arc length” control knob
To adjust the arc length in SmartGMAW,
PulseGMAW,
process,
OR
(61) Smart torch rocker
"Wire speed/Inductance" control knob. To
adjust the wire speed or Inductance in Manual
MIG process.
Changes the welding current, material
thickness, arc length to the arc length
(depending on which value is being displayed
on the digital multifunction display (54)).
(59) “Arc length” LED indication
Indicates the degree of the trim in
SmartGMAW, Pulse MIG,
process.
In
process, the rocker can be used
to switch between the active jobs or job sets.
(62) Smart torch push-button
OR
Has the same function as the “Primary
parameter” push-button (56) on the Control
Panel. In
process this push-button
can be used to switch between job selection
and job-set selection.
”Wire speed” LED indication Indicates the wire
speed in ManualGMAW process.
When the uppermost center LED is lit, the
programmed arc length/wire speed remains
unchanged; “0” is indicated in the
multifunction display (54). Turn the rotary
control knob (58) left to shorten the arc length/
wire speed; turn the rotary control knob (58)
right to lengthen the arc length/wire speed.
Current / voltage display
The actual welding voltage and welding current values
are indicated during welding. After the welding
procedure, the “Hold” LED illuminates and the last
welding voltage and welding current values are
indicated. When the operator changes certain welding
adjustments (e. g. thickness, program, job), the
“Hold” LED goes out and the preview values for
current and voltage are displayed.
Art # A-07865
V
HOLD
A
TENIR
March 16, 2007
4-3
POWERMASTER 320SP, 400SP, 500SP
4.03 Menu Structure
Main Menu
Level 1 “Extras”
Level 2
Remark
Gas pre-flow
0 – 10 sec.; not in SMAW/STICK electrode process
Start current
20 % – 200 % of the welding current
Start current time
0 – 10 sec.; not in 4-stroke (4T) mode
Twin pulse frequency
0,5 – 5 Hz; only in TwinPulse mode
Twin pulse current change
5 – 50 % of the welding current; only in TwinPulse process
Twin pulse relation
20 % – 80 %; only in TwinPulse process
Welding current
Adjustment range depends on the selected material-wiregas combination
Downslope
10 – 990 A/sec.; not in SMAW/STICK process, only when
downslope = on
Crater fill current
10 % – 200 % of the welding current; not in SMAW/STICK
process, only when slope = on or in 4 (4T) stroke
Crater fill time
0 – 10 sec.; not in SMAW/STICK process, only for slope =
on
Wire burnback time
20 % – 300 % of the programmed value; not in
SMAW/STICK process
Gas post-flow
20 % – 200 % of the programmed value; not in
SMAW/STICK process
Arc length correction
60 % – 140 % of the programmed value
Inductor effect
20 % – 200 % of the programmed value; only in
ManualGMAW process (short arc)
Arc dynamic arc force
0 % – 100 % of the programmed value; only in
SMAW/STICK process
Job selection, indication of
set and job name
Set and job name are indicated only in Tiptronic mode upon
actuation of the „TT Enter“ push-button (47) or the
„Tiptronic“ push-button (49)
Edit mode for set and job
name
Extras
1 Machine data
2 Diagnosis
Operating system Master
Version number, operating system Master
Operating system Process
Version number, operating system process
Operating system DMRs
Version number, motor assembly
Welding program version
Version number, welding programs
Operating hour counter
Indication of the welding duration in h, min, sec
Configuration
Machine type and the recognized power module (with max.
current ) are indicated alternately
Last error message
Indication of the last three error messages from the error
memory (0 = last error, 2 = oldest error)
Module temperatures
Temperatures of the power modules in °C
Operating voltages
Indication of the operating voltages (15 V / 24 V) of the
assembly DPMAPRO
Flow rate, cooling unit
Indication of the coolant flow rate in l/min
3 Language
Selection of the menu language
4 Display contrast
Contrast setting of the LCD display
5 Mode cooling system
6 Lock function
7 Arc length control
8 Robot interface
4-4
and
push-buttons (51);
Move the cursor with the
change the character with the pushbuttons (48) (+) and
(44) (-)
0 normal
cooling unit switches on, as soon as an arc is ignited
1 on
cooling unit runs constantly
2 off
cooling unit is deactivated
0
All welding controls can be adjusted by user
1
Only Tiptronic on/off and job selection can be adjusted by
user
2
Tiptronic on/off, job selection free
3
All welding controls locked except menu selection, gas and
pump test
Voltage
correct arc length with rotary pulse encoder (58)
Wire
correct wire speed with rotary pulse encoder (58)
Menu item is only visible when the machine is equipped
March 16, 2007
POWERMASTER 320SP, 400SP, 500SP
Main Menu
Level 1
“Extras”
Level 2
Enter menu item by
pressing both keys (51)
at the same time
Gas pre- flow
Start current
Start current time
1 Machine data
Change between
menu items with
keys 48(+) & 44(-)
Operating system Master
Operating system Process
Operating system DMR
Twin pulse frequency
Welding programs
Twin pulse current change
Operating hour counter
Twin pulse relation
Configuration
Welding current
2 Diagnoses
Downslope
Last error messages
Module temperatures
Crater fill current
Operating voltages
Crater fill time
Flow rate cooling system
Wire burnback time
3 Language
Gas post- flow
4 Display contrast
Arc length correction
5 Mode cooling system
Select language
0 normal
Inductance
1 on
Arc force
2 off
Job selection
6 Lock function
Extras
0
1
2
Change between
parameters with keys (51)
Art A-07726
March 16, 2007
3
7 Arc length control
Voltage
11 Robot interface
Wire
4-5
POWERMASTER 320SP, 400SP, 500SP
b. Press the “TT Save” button (45) (Save LED
flashes).
A. Secondary Parameters (Menu Main
Level)
Art # A-07866
c. Select the target job number with the pushbuttons (44) (-) and (48) (+) or with the smart
torch rocker, and confirm with the “TT Enter”
push-button (47) (if you do not press Enter,
the Save LED goes out after 10 seconds after
the last keystroke and the save operation is
aborted).
d. The Save and Enter LEDs flash briefly to
confirm that programming is terminated.
2. Selecting jobs:
a. Switch the Tiptronic function on by pressing
“Tiptronic” (49) (associated LED comes on).
With
and
(51) push-buttons you can switch to
the secondary parameters. The currently selected
parameter is indicated in the display (50). The Gas
Pre Flow [0.1] value is pre-loaded at the Factory but
the user has increased it to 0.4s using (48) pushbutton.
Push-button (44) (-) is used to reduce the indicated
parameter and push-button (48) (+) is used to
increase the value of the indicated parameter. Pressing
the push-button (46) (END) saves the parameter and
the system switches back to the material-wire-gas
combination display.
B. Extras menu
In addition to the secondary parameters, the Extras
menu item is also available; it offers the following
functions:
Push-buttons (44) (-) and (48) (+) are used to switch
between the menu items. The different entries of the
menu items are called up by pressing the
and
push-buttons (51) at the same time. Switching
between the individual entries is also possible here
with the push-buttons (44) (-) and (48) (+). To return,
press push-button (46) (END).
C.
The Tiptronic function provides you with 100
independent jobs (10 job set with 10 jobs each). A
job stores all the settings and corrections on the
operating panel.
The best way to use the Tiptronic function is to assign
job numbers to frequently recurring welding tasks or
save the settings which individual welders use
specifically for “their” jobs.
b. Select the job number with the smart torch
rocker (alternatively the job number can be
selected with the push-buttons (44) (-) and
(48) (+)).
c. To exit the Tiptronic process, press
“Tiptronic” (49) (Tiptronic LED goes out). The
parameters are reset to the values that existed
before you switched on the Tiptronic process.
3. Setting a job inactive:
a. Switch the Tiptronic function on by pressing
“Tiptronic” (49) (associated LED comes on).
b. Select job number with the smart torch
rocker (61) or with the push-buttons (44) (-)
and (48) (+) (an active job is indicated in the
smart torch display (60) and in digital
multifunction display (54) with a decimal point
between the job set and the job number).
c. Hold the Enter push-button (47) pressed
for two seconds (the decimal point in the smart
torch display 60 and in the digital display (54)
goes out).
4. Setting a job active:
a. Switch the Tiptronic function on by pressing
“Tiptronic” (49) (associated LED comes on).
b. Select the job number with the push-buttons
(44) (-) and (48) (+) (with an inactive job, the
decimal point between job set and job number
is missing).
c. Hold the “TT Enter” push-button (47)
pressed for two seconds (the decimal point
between the job set and the job number lights
up).
1. Save/Programming jobs:
a. Determine the optimal welding values.
4-6
March 16, 2007
POWERMASTER 320SP, 400SP, 500SP
5. Re-saving/Re-programming jobs:
a. Switch the Tiptronic function on by pressing
“Tiptronic” (49) and select a job (see Selecting
Jobs).
b. Change the settings as required.
c. Press the “TT Save” button (45) (Save LED
flashes).
d. Press “TT Enter” button (47) to confirm.
e. The Save and Enter LEDs flash briefly to
confirm that programming is terminated.
6. Copying jobs:
a. Switch the Tiptronic function on by pressing
“Tiptronic” (49) and select a job for copying
(see Selecting Jobs).
f. The edit mode is ended by pressing
pushbutton (46) (END) or by pressing the
and
push-buttons (51) at the same time.
If you press the “Tiptronic” pushbutton (49)
in edit mode (Tiptronic is switched off), then
the text entries will not be saved.
Texts can be programmed both for the job set
(upper line in display (50)) as well as for the job
(bottom line in display (50)).
b. Press the “TT Save” button (45) (Save LED
flashes).
c. Select the target job number with the pushbuttons (44) (-) and (48) (+) and confirm with
the “TT Enter” pushbutton (47) (if the Enter
pushbutton is not actuated, the Save LED goes
out 10 seconds after the last pushbutton
actuation and the saving procedure is
cancelled). If the target job number has not
been occupied with a job yet, it is indicated by
the display flashing.
d. The Save and Enter LEDs flash briefly to
confirm that programming is terminated.
The user-defined job texts are also copied
onto the new target job number.
7. Assigning descriptive text to a job:
Text can be assigned to each job in order to
identify it more clearly.
a. Switch on the Tiptronic function with the
“Tiptronic” pushbutton (49).
b. Select the job number with the push-buttons
(44) (-) and (48) (+).
c. Press the
and
push-buttons (51) at
the same time (a flashing cursor appears in
the display (50)) in order to get into the edit
mode.
d. The cursor is moved with the
and
push-buttons (51). At the end of the line, the
cursor jumps to the respective next line.
e. Select a character (number, letter or special
character) with push-buttons (44) (-) and (48)
(+).
March 16, 2007
4-7
POWERMASTER 320SP, 400SP, 500SP
D. Code lock function
4.04 Special functions
A. Gas test
Pressing the pushbutton (51) and the “Gas type”
pushbutton (48) at the same time activates the gas
test function. The solenoid valve of the system is
activated and the gas flow rate can be checked /
adjusted. The function remains active for 30 seconds
and is then ended automatically. By pushing the “Gas
type” pushbutton (48) again, the gas test can be
terminated.
B. Pump test (where fitted)
Pressing the pushbutton (51) and the “Material”
pushbutton (44) at the same time activates the pump
test function. The coolant pump is switched on and
runs for approximately one minute. By pushing the
“Material” pushbutton (44), the pump test can be
terminated.
C. Resetting Adjustments
Pressing the
pushbutton (51) and the “TT Enter”
pushbutton (47) at the same time resets all secondary
parameters to the Factory set values. When the
Tiptronic process is active, the settings of the current
job are reset. All adjustment in the Extras menu
(language, display contrast, etc.) remain unchanged.
4-8
The lock function in menu Extras is secured with a
code lock. A three-digit code must be entered before
the lock function can be changed. Only after the
correct code is entered, the lock function can be
altered. After leaving the menu, a new code number
can be set or the old code number is acknowledged.
Code “000” is the default (factory setting) number.
Procedure:
1. Switch to menu Extras, lock function
2. Press button (44) (-) or (48) (+) question
“change parameter ?” is displayed
3. Acknowledge with button
(51)
4. Set three-digit code number with button (44)
(-),(48) (+) or encoder (53)
5. Acknowledge the code number with button (51)
6. Set desired lock function number with buttons
(44) (-) or (48) (+)
7. Leave menu with button (46) (END)
8. If requested, set a new code number with
buttons (44) (-) ,(48) (+) or encoder (53)
9. Acknowledge the code number with button
(51)
March 16, 2007
POWERMASTER 320SP, 400SP, 500SP
4.05 Smart GMAW, Pulse GMAW & TwinPulse Programs
Material
Type
Shield
Gas
Name
Ar / CO2 / O2 / He
M/ Steel
75 / 25 / 0 / 0
M/ Steel
75 / 25 / 0 / 0
M/ Steel
75 / 25 / 0 / 0
M/ Steel
75 / 25 / 0 / 0
Mild Steel
M/ Steel
92 / 8 / 0 / 0
ER70S-x
M/ Steel
92 / 8 / 0 / 0
M/ Steel
92 / 8 / 0 / 0
M/ Steel
92 / 8 / 0 / 0
M/ Steel
92 / 8 / 0 / 0
FC Metal
75 / 25 / 0 / 0
Flux Cored
FC Metal
75 / 25 / 0 / 0
ER70C-xx
FC Metal
75 / 25 / 0 / 0
Flux Cored
FC E71- T1 75 / 25 / 0 / 0
ER71-T1
FC E71- T1 75 / 25 / 0 / 0
S/S 308/309 81 / 1 / 0 / 18
S/S 308/309 81 / 1 / 0 / 18
Stainless Steel S/S 308/309 81 / 1 / 0 / 18
ER308/ER309 S/S 308/309
98 / 2 / 0 / 0
S/S 308/309
98 / 2 / 0 / 0
S/S 308/309
98 / 2 / 0 / 0
S/S 316
81 / 1 / 0 / 18
S/S 316
81 / 1 / 0 / 18
Stainless Steel S/S 316
81 / 1 / 0 / 18
ER316
S/S 316
98 / 2 / 0 / 0
S/S 316
98 / 2 / 0 / 0
S/S 316
98 / 2 / 0 / 0
Al 4043
100 / 0 / 0 / 0
Al 4043
100 / 0 / 0 / 0
Aluminum
Al 4043
100 / 0 / 0 / 0
ER4043
Al 4043
75 / 0 / 0 / 25
Al 4043
75 / 0 / 0 / 25
Al 5356
100 / 0 / 0 / 0
Al 5356
100 / 0 / 0 / 0
Aluminum
Al 5356
100 / 0 / 0 / 0
ER5356
Al 5356
75 / 0 / 0 / 25
Al 5356
75 / 0 / 0 / 25
Al 5183
100 / 0 / 0 / 0
Al 5183
100 / 0 / 0 / 0
Aluminum
Al 5183
100 / 0 / 0 / 0
ER5183
Al 5183
75 / 0 / 0 / 25
Al 5183
75 / 0 / 0 / 25
Si
Bronze
100 / 0 / 0 / 0
Silicone
Si
Bronze
100 / 0 / 0 / 0
Bronze
March 16, 2007
Wire Program Smart GMAW
Pulse GMAW
TwinPulse
size Number Current Range Current Range Current Range
in.
.030
.035
.045
.052
.030
.035
.045
.052
1/16
.045
.052
1/16
.045
1/16
.030
.035
.045
.030
.035
.045
.030
.035
.045
.030
.035
.045
.035
3/64
1/16
3/64
1/16
.035
3/64
1/16
3/64
1/16
.035
3/64
1/16
3/64
1/16
.035
.045
min
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
30
31
32
33
34
35
36
38
39
40
41
42
44
45
46
47
48
50
51
52
53
56
57
- max min - max min - max
40-288
N/A
N/A
52-332
N/A
N/A
64-436
N/A
N/A
72-468
N/A
N/A
48-292
24-292
24-292
52-360
28-360
28-360
68-440
32-448
32-448
72-468
48-476
48-476
100-500
N/A
N/A
76-388
N/A
N/A
84-440
N/A
N/A
96-488
N/A
N/A
96-340
60-360
60-360
144-480
120-460
120-460
48-280
24-284
24-284
52-320
28-320
28-320
60-444
32-440
32-440
48-280
24-280
24-280
52-320
28-320
28-320
60-432
32-428
32-428
48-280
24-280
24-280
52-320
28-320
28-320
60-436
32-432
32-432
48-280
24-280
24-280
52-320
28-320
28-320
60-428
32-420
32-420
48-268
20-260
20-260
64-348
24-348
24-348
80-388
32-388
32-388
68-352
24-352
24-352
80-388
32-380
32-380
64-228
24-232
24-232
88-340
28-328
28-328
100-388
36-380
36-380
88-340
28-328
28-328
92-388
36-384
36-384
64-228
24-228
24-228
88-332
28-320
28-320
96-380
32-372
32-372
88-340
28-328
28-328
92-380
32-372
32-372
48-280
24-288
24-288
64-348
28-352
28-352
4-9
POWERMASTER 320SP, 400SP, 500SP
4.06 Welding Setting Selection Guide
Wire Gas Combinations
Material
Name
Shield
Gas
75Ar/
25CO2
Mild Steel
ER70-S6
90Ar/
10CO2
or
92Ar/
8CO2
Flux Cored
E71-T1
75Ar/
25CO2
Flux Cored
E70C-6M
75Ar/
25CO2
Stainless
Steel
308-309
81Ar/
18He/
1CO2
98Ar/
2CO2
Stainless
Steel
316
81Ar/
18He/
1CO2
98Ar/
2CO2
Argon
Aluminum
4043
75Ar/
25He
Argon
Aluminum
5356
75Ar/
25He
Aluminum
5183
Argon
75Ar/
25He
Silicon
Bronze
Argon
Wire Size
.030” (0.8mm)
.035” (0.9mm)
.045” (1.1mm)
.052” (1.4mm)
.030” (0.8mm)
.035” (0.9mm)
.045” (1.1mm)
.052” (1.4mm)
.062” (1.6mm)
.045” (1.1mm)
.062” (1.6mm)
.045” (1.1mm)
.052” (1.4mm)
.062” (1.6mm)
.030” (0.8mm)
.035” (0.9mm)
.045” (1.1mm)
.030” (0.8mm)
.035” (0.9mm)
.045” (1.1mm)
.030” (0.8mm)
.035” (0.9mm)
.045” (1.1mm)
.030” (0.8mm)
.035” (0.9mm)
.045” (1.1mm)
.035” (0.9mm)
.045” (1.1mm)
.047” (1.2mm)
.062” (1.6mm)
.047” (1.2mm)
.062” (1.6mm)
.035” (0.9mm)
.045” (1.1mm)
.047” (1.2mm)
.062” (1.6mm)
.047” (1.2mm)
.062” (1.6mm)
.035” (0.9mm)
.045” (1.1mm)
.047” (1.2mm)
.062” (1.6mm)
.045” (1.1mm)
.047” (1.2mm)
.062” (1.6mm)
.035” (0.9mm)
.045” (1.1mm)
320SP
400SP
500SP
Synergic Pulse Synergic Pulse Synergic Pulse
Smart
&Twin Smart &Twin Smart
&Twin
MIG
MIG
MIG
Pulse
Pulse
Pulse
Base Material Thickness Guide
Decimal
Thickness
Fraction
Thickness
(Thous)
(Inches)
024
030
031
036
038
040
047
048
060
063
075
078
094
105
109
125
135
141
156
162
172
188
203
219
234
250
266
281
297
313
328
344
359
375
391
406
422
438
453
469
484
500
516
532
547
563
578
594
609
625
641
656
672
688
703
719
734
750
766
781
797
813
828
844
859
875
891
906
922
938
953
969
984
Gauge
Steel
(mm)
24
22
1/32
20
3/64
18
16
1/16
5/64
3/32
14
12
7/64
1/8
10
9/64
5/32
8
11/64
3/16
13/64
7/32
15/64
1/4
17/64
9/32
19/64
5/16
21/64
11/32
23/64
3/8
25/64
13/32
27/64
7/16
29/64
15/32
31/64
1/2
33/64
17/32
35/64
9/16
37/64
19/32
39/64
5/8
41/64
21/32
43/64
11/16
45/64
23/32
47/64
3/4
49/64
25/32
51/64
13/16
53/64
27/32
55/64
7/8
57/64
29/32
59/64
15/16
61/64
31/32
63/64
Decimal
Thickness
0.61
0.76
0.79
0.91
0.97
1.02
1.19
1.21
1.52
1.59
1.91
1.98
2.38
2.66
2.78
3.18
3.42
3.57
3.97
4.11
4.37
4.76
5.16
5.56
5.95
6.35
6.75
7.14
7.54
7.94
8.33
8.73
9.13
9.53
9.92
10.32
10.72
11.11
11.51
11.91
12.30
12.70
13.10
13.50
13.89
14.29
14.68
15.08
15.48
15.88
16.27
16.67
17.07
17.46
17.86
18.26
18.65
19.05
19.45
19.84
20.24
20.64
21.03
21.43
21.83
22.23
22.62
23.02
23.42
23.81
24.21
24.61
25.00
* Refer to Warranty Schedule
Art # A-07907
4-10
March 16, 2007
POWERMASTER 320SP, 400SP, 500SP
Three Steps To GMAW (MIG) Welding
1.Set Variables
A) Select Process : MANUAL GMAW
SMART GMAW
PULSE GMAW
TWIN PULSE
B) Select Wire Type
C) Select Wire Size
D) Select Shielding Gas
A
B
C
D
2.Set Function
E) Set Trigger to 2T or 4T.
4T= Latch
F
E
F) Set Crater fill on or off.
H
G
3.Set Thickness
.000”
G) Set LED to
H) Set material thickness
Refer to Base Material
Thickness Guide
Now you are ready to weld
Art # A-07907
March 16, 2007
4-11
POWERMASTER 320SP, 400SP, 500SP
4-12
March 16, 2007
POWERMASTER 320SP, 400SP, 500SP
SECTION 5:
MANUAL GMAW WELDING
5.01 Types of Weld Transfer Modes
E. Working range at GMAW welding
A. Dip transfer mode (short circuit arc)
This type of arc is especially suitable for thin materials
and positional welding due to a relative cool welding
pool welded with very short arc, low arc voltage and
low current. The surface tension of the welding poll
helps to draw the drop into the bath and to reignite
the arc. This cycle is repeated again and again so the
short circuit and the arcing period are constantly
alternating.
NOTE
The transition from the short circuit to
spray arc depends on the wire diameter
and the gas mixture.
Wire
diameter
inches
Long arc /
Transitional Short circuit
Spray arc
arc
arc
A
V
A
V
A
V
140… 23… 110… 18… 50… 14…
.030
180
28
150
22
130
18
180… 24… 130… 18… 70… 16…
.035
250
30
200
24
160
19
220… 25… 170… 19… 120… 17…
.045 or 3/64
320
32
250
26
200
20
260… 26… 200… 22… 150… 18…
1/16
320
34
300
28
200
21
Favorable welding characteristics are only possible if voltage
and current are correctly adjusted.
CO2requires an arc voltage approximately 3 V higher than gas
mixtures with a high argon content.
B. Transitional arc
The transitional arc is especially suitable for medium
thickness sheet metals and for vertical-down welding.
The transfer of the electrode to the workpiece takes
place partly in short circuit and in free flight. Due to
fewer short circuits, the welding pool is hotter than
at the short circuit arc. Welding with transitional arc
provides higher electrode melt rate and is more
economic than welding at short circuit arc.
C. Long arc
Long arcs are typically at a higher ampere range under
carbon dioxide and gases with a high CO2 content. It
is not particularly suitable for positional welding. In
this type of arc large drops are formed which falls
into the welding pool mainly by force of gravity. This
results in occasionally short circuits occurring, which
increases the current at the moment of the short
circuit and high spatter levels when the arc is reignited.
D. Spray arc
The spray arc is not suitable for positional welding,
due to the extremely liquid nature of the welding pool.
The spraying arc forms by welding at the higher range
of ampere using inert gas or mixtures with high argon
content. The most typical characteristic of the spray
arc is the transfer of extremely fine molten metal
droplets across the arc.
March 16, 2007
5-1
POWERMASTER 320SP, 400SP, 500SP
5.02 Holding and Manipulating the
Torch
NOTE
Metal shielded gas welding can be welded
in all positions: horizontal, vertical-down,
vertical-up, overhead and in horizontalvertical position.
When horizontal welding, hold the torch vertical to
the workpiece (neutral torch position) or up to 30°
“pushing” the torch. For best depth of penetration
and shielding gas coverage hold the torch in the
neutral position. Please note that if the torch is tilted
too far, it is possible that air will be sucked into the
shielded gas and may result in porosity. For vertical
or overhead welding a slight pushing motion is
required. Vertical down welding is most used for thin
materials, hold the torch at the neutral or slightly
“dragging” position. Some experience is required as
the welding pool could run ahead of the arc and cause
weld defects. There is a danger of lacks of fusion with
thicker material due to the welding pool being very
liquid from high voltage.
A. Length of the arc
Welding with a longer arc reduces the penetration,
the welding bead is wide and flat with increased
spattering. The welding material is transferred with
slightly larger drops than welding with a shorter arc.
A longer arc is useful for welding a fillet weld to form
a flat or concave seam. Welding with a shorter arc (at
the same amperage) increases the penetration, the
welding bead is narrow and high with reduced
spattering. The welding material is transferred with
smaller droplets.
Art # A-06381
Long Arc
Short Arc
B. Length of the wire electrode
The distance between the torch and the workpiece
should be 10 – 12 times the diameter of the wire.
Altering the distance of the torch will influence the
electrode stick out.
A longer electrode stick out reduces the amperage
and the penetration.
A shorter electrode stick out increases the amperage
if the wire-feed speed remains the same.
Welding direction
pushing the weld
Art # A-06380
Welding direction
dragging the weld
Avoid extreme side to side movements as it can cause
the weld pool to dam up in front of the arc. This can
cause lacks of fusion due to the welding pool flowing
ahead of the welding arc. The side to side motion
should only be used as wide as is necessary to reach
both sides of the joint. If the joint is too wide you
should weld two parallel weld beads. When verticalup welding, the side to side motion should follow the
shape of an open triangle.
5-2
Art # A-06382
Long electrode stick out
Short electrode stick out
March 16, 2007
POWERMASTER 320SP, 400SP, 500SP
C. Material Transfer
Art # A-06384
Benefits:
• Controlled, short-circuit-proof material transfer without spatter
• Low thermal transfer due to low primary current
Disadvantages:
• Only shielding gases with low CO2 content can be used
March 16, 2007
5-3
POWERMASTER 320SP, 400SP, 500SP
5.03 Basics of Pulsed Arc Welding
A. Current and voltage pulses
Material transfer is achieved by current and voltage pulses controlled at the same rate as the pulse frequency.
The arc power is changed by the ratio between background and pulses current, the pulse duty cycle and the
pulse frequency.
Spray Transfer
Current Range
Art # A-06383
B. Forces acting during material transfer
A number of forces come into play which influences the resulting molten metal drop formation and separation.
Wire electrode
Acceleration due
to gravity
Electromagnetic force
FL (pinch effect)
Viscosity
Constrict drops
Surface
tension S
Force of inertia
Forces of
repulsion (FR ) of
evaporating
material
Electrostatic
Forces
Eddying forces
caused by
plasma flow
Workpiece
Art # A-06385
NOTE
The main force components for separating the drops are electromagnetic force (pinch effect).
5-4
March 16, 2007
POWERMASTER 320SP, 400SP, 500SP
5.04 Pulsed Arc Welding Parameters
A. Pulse period tP
The pulse period for separating the droplet is between
1.5 and 3.0 ms depending on wire diameter and the
pulse current setting IP.
If the pulse period is too long, material transfer only
takes place during the pulse phase.
Arc formation and drop rate can be affected by
additional pulse stages.
B. Pulse voltage UP and pulse current IP
Since welding with pulsed arc is based on the
temporary utilization of the pinch effect, the dropseparating pulse current must always be large enough
to exceed critical current intensity depending on wire
diameter, wire material and shielding gas composition,
etc. If this value is not achieved, material transfer takes
place completely or partially in the short circuit with
possible spatter.
C. Wire feed speed vD and pulse frequency
fP
The main condition for a controlled material transfer
with one drop per pulse is to set a defined drop
volume. The volume of the melted drop must then be
identical with the volume of the wire electrode fed in
each pulse period. The necessary wire feed speed vD
results from the product of pulse frequency fP and
the wire length “L” melted in each pulse period. From
this relationship you see that a change in wire feed
speed requires a linear change in pulse frequency. A
rise in electrode melt rate by increasing wire feed
speed needs a higher pulse frequency. The objective
drop diameter should be about .045" (1.2mm) with a
wire diameter of .045" (1.2mm).
D. Primary current
Arc length ionization must be maintained during the
primary current phase, whose period results from the
selected frequency and pulse period. This requires
currents ranging between 25 and 80 A depending on
wire diameter, material and material thickness. The
primary current can also be used to affect the arc and
material transfer. At a constant ratio of wire feed speed
and pulse frequency, the arc length can be changed
by varying the primary current and the associated
voltage. Reducing the primary current causes a
shorter arc. This can be used to counteract arc
deflection with fillet welds or at high welding rates.
The time of drop separation can be affected by varying
the ratio of primary current to pulse current. Normally
the objective is to separate the drop just after the
current pulse in the primary current phase (in the third
pulse current phase). This can be achieved by
March 16, 2007
increasing the primary current and reducing the pulse
current at the same time. Remember that excessively
high primary current will melt the free wire end too
quickly. This will form very large drops which can
lead to spatter during the transition to the welding
pool.
E. Pulse MIG applications
The main application for pulse MIG is for precision
MIG welding of aluminum, stainless steel, steel and
other weldable materials.
• Spray transfer welding permitted at lower-thannormal average weld currents.
• No spatter or undercut in the majority of welding
applications.
• Precise control of welding power, to assure bead
shape and root penetration rivaling TIG welding.
• High energy arc produced, that virtually
eliminates the risk of lack of fusion.
• Improved arc control for out-of-position welding
and more effective welding of thin materials,
with all the advantages of spray transfer.
• Optimized pulse programs for gas/wire
combinations
• TwinPulse® capabilities.
• Exceptional out-of-position welding for
nonferrous materials, including aluminum.
• Effortless TIG-like weld appearance on
aluminum and stainless steel
• Deeper weld penetration
• Accurate penetration on sheet metal
• Superior welding characteristics on hard-facing
and high alloy steels
• The ability to use larger-than-normal diameter
wires on thin base material, providing a cost
saving on wire
• Spray arc welding vertical up, giving smoother
welds, better control and deeper penetration
• Improved edge wetting in PulseGMAW process
At the lower end of the performance range the pulsed
arc cannot fully replace the dip transfer. The reason
is the continuous arc that occurs in the primary
current phase. This phenomenon does not exist with
the short-circuiting arc. An exception to this is when
welding aluminum and aluminum alloys. Normally,
these materials can only be reliably welded using a
pulsed arc. In the upper performance range, the
pulsed arc is preferable to the sprayer arc, in particular
for welding aluminum materials and high-alloy steels.
5-5
POWERMASTER 320SP, 400SP, 500SP
5.05 Smart, Pulse or TwinPulse
GMAW Welding
5.06 Conventional Manual GMAW/
FCAW Welding
The following instructions explain how to set up for
SmartGMAW or PulseGMAW or TwinPulse welding.
The following instructions explain how to set up for
conventional manual GMAW welding.
Art # A-07867
TT
S ave
TT
Enter
TT S auver
TT
S ave
TT
Enter
TT S auver
TT Entrer
Tiptronic
Tiptronic
TT Entrer
Pulse GMAW <P35>
S/S 316
.035
A
Art A-07868
(END)
(FIN)
Processes
Manual GMAW
Ar/CO2
98/2
(END)
(FIN)
Processes
(+ )
Enter
Entrer
Process
A
B
(+ )
Enter
Entrer
Process
B
C
250
197
D
C
Art # A-07870
Art # A-07871
A Set Process
Processes SmartGMAW =
Process
PulseGMAW =
TwinPulse =
One knob control non-pulse
welding
One knob control pulse
welding
One knob control twin pulse
welding
Wire type
Eg. Stainless Steel 316
Wire size
Eg. .035 in diameter
Shielding gas
Eg. 98% Argon / 2% CO2
Processes
A Set
Process
B Set
Torch trigger
operation
C Adjust
Wirefeed
speed knob to
the desired
IPM
D Adjust
Thickness
Arc voltage
knob to the
desire arc
voltage
Process
To Manual GMAW
2T = Normal Operation OR
4T = Trigger Latch
197
C
17.0
\
Press button to select material thickness
B Set Torch trigger
operation
C Set Base material
thickness
2T = Normal Operation
4T = Trigger Latch
250
Use left hand knob to dial
up base material thickness
Eg. 250 = 0.250” (1/4”)
5-6
March 16, 2007
POWERMASTER 320SP, 400SP, 500SP
5.07 SMAW/STICK Welding
The following instructions explain how to set up for
SMAW/STICK welding.
Art # A-07869
TT
S ave
TT
Enter
TT S auver
TT Entrer
Tiptronic
B
SMAW/STICK
Processus
A
(END)
(FIN)
(+ )
Enter
Entrer
Process
120
C
Art # A-07872
A Set
Process
Processes
To SMAW/STICK
Process
B Press Button
C Set
Weld current
March 16, 2007
To activate SMAW mode
120
To the suggested
weld current. Refer
to electrode
manufacturer
5-7
POWERMASTER 320SP, 400SP, 500SP
5-8
March 16, 2007
POWERMASTER 320SP, 400SP, 500SP
SECTION 6:
SERVICE
6.01 Maintenance
Warning!
Disconnect input power before maintaining.
Maintain more often
if used under severe
conditions
Each Use
Visual check of torch
electrode and shield cup
Visual check of
regulator and pressure
Weekly
Visually inspect the torch
body and consumables
Visually inspect the
cables and leads.
Replace as needed
Visually inspect the Wire
feed mechanisms
3 Months
TOR
CONTAC
G
Replace all
broken parts
WARNIN
REMOTE
LOCAL
Clean
exterior
of power supply
Gas and
air lines
POWER
10A
6 Months
Visually check and
Carefully clean the
interior
Art # A-07725
NOTE
For units with integrated coolers, check the fluid levels and refill as needed. Check torch connections for leaks and then check for return flow of coolant to the reservoir.
March 16, 2007
6-1
POWERMASTER 320SP, 400SP, 500SP
6.02 System Troubleshooting Guide
Symptom
Torch too hot
Cause
Insufficient coolant through flow due to pollution in
coolant
Contact tip is not tight or the wrong size for the wire
used
No function when torch Nut of the torch hose is not tight
button is pressed
No connection of the control cable in the torch hose
Overload of the unit and thermal protection operates
Irregular wire feeding Wire electrode is tight at the spool
or wire welds to the
Burr at the wire beginning
contact tip
Irregular wire feeding Wrong contact pressure at the wire-feed rolls
or no wire feeding
Torch defective
No intermediate guide or is dirty
Bad quality of welding wire
Rust formation on the welding wire
Torch liner is dirty inside
Torch liner is defective
Motor brake adjusted too strong
Duty cycle overloaded
Unit switches off
Poor cooing of internal unit parts
Cooler, hoses or pump Frozen systems due to low concentration of
are damaged
recommended coolant in re-circulator
Arc or short circuit
Spatter built up inside the gas nozzle
between contact tip and
gas nozzle
Unstable arc
Wrong diameter contact tip or worn out
Primary power phase missing
The Control Panel is
completely blank
Gas cylinder empty
No shielded gas
Defective torch
Gas regulator dirty or defective
Valve of gas cylinder defective
Shielded gas switches Valve of gas cylinder dirty or does not close
not off
Incorrect setting of shielded gas
Not enough shielded
gas
Dirty gas regulator
Torch, gas hose blocked or not air-tight
Shielded gas is blown away from draft
Decreased welding
One of the three phase input power is missing
performance
Poor Work lead connection
Work lead not plugged in right
Defect torch
Hot plug of work lead Plug was not tightened by turning to the right
Higher wire wear out at Wire rolls do not fit the wire diameter
wire-feeding unit
Wrong contact pressure at wire feeder
6-2
Remedy
Flush the coolant hoses of the torch in opposite
direction
Check it
Tighten it
Check and change if necessary
Allow unit to cool down at no load
Check and change if necessary
Cut burr from end of wire
Adjust it as described in the manual
Check and change if necessary
Install or clean the intermediate guide
Check and change if necessary
Check and change if necessary
Disconnect the torch from the machine, unscrew
the contact tip and clean the liner with
compressed air
Check and change if necessary
Adjust as described in the manual
Allow the machine to cool down
Check the air in and outlet
Contact the nearest service facility
Remove it with special pliers
Change contact tip
Check the unit at another power outlet. Check
power cable and mains fuses/circuit breakers
Replace it
Check and replace it
Check and replace it
Replace the gas cylinder
Remove torch and gas regulator and clean it
with compressed air
Adjust as described in the manual
Check valve
Check and change if necessary
Avoid draft
Check the unit at another power outlet. Check
power cable and mains fuses/circuit breakers
Ensure good electrical contact between Work
clamp and workpiece
Fasten work lead by turning the plug to the right
Repair or replace it
Check
Install correct wire rolls
Adjust as described in the manual
March 16, 2007
POWERMASTER 320SP, 400SP, 500SP
6.03 Welding Process Troubleshooting Guide
Symptom
Poor edge wetting on
stainless steel welds
Cause
Remedy
Gas mixture in the cylinder has separated due to lack Place protective cap used for storage and
of use
transport on cylinder then carefully disconnect
the cylinder from the welder and lay it down on
the floor. Carefully roll it back and forth to remix the gas
Wire is contaminated with oil or the wire quality is Contact wire manufacturer / supplier.
uncertain
Keep the wire covered
Work piece is contaminated with grease or oil
Degrease with mineral spirits, etc to remove
contaminates
Poor current transfer to the wire at the contact tip
Use a copper or brass jump liner in the
conductor tube to improve current transfer to
the wire
Stainless steel weld has Arc length control (58) has been adjusted too high Reduce arc length, control (58)
a dark burnt finish
Dirty aluminum welds Inadequate gas coverage
Increase gas flow by 10% and check again.
Shield arc from drafts.
Hold nozzle closer to the work.
Replace the damaged nozzle to center contact
tip in nozzle
Wire is contaminated with oil
Contact wire manufacturer / supplier.
Keep the wire covered
Work piece is contaminated with grease or oil
Degrease with mineral spirits, etc to remove
contaminates
Poor current transfer to the wire at the contact tip
Use a copper or brass jump liner in the
conductor tube to improve current transfer to
the wire
Weld performance is
Incorrect wire / gas combination selected
Set the correct gas / wire combination
very poor or high
spatter levels
Poor weld starts
Improper work lead connection
Reconnect work lead
Varying arc length
when welding
March 16, 2007
Contact tip is worn with an oval shape hole or
contact tip is black
Contact tip is loose
Material build-up in torch liner
Replace contact tip
Contact tip is worn or damaged
Replace contact tip
Tighten contact tip
Replace torch liner
6-3
POWERMASTER 320SP, 400SP, 500SP
6.04 Error Codes
In case of a malfunction, an error code is indicated on the digital multifunction display (54) and the corresponding error description appears on the LCD display (50). As long as an error code is indicated, welding
operation is not possible.
Code
E01
Description
Thermal overload
E02
Mains overvoltage
Cause
Thermal sensor of power unit measures a too
high temperature (>176°F)
Mains voltage too high (24V supply > 36V)
E03
Secondary over-current
Welding current is too high
E04
Air cooling error
E05
Cooling system error
Temperature sensor of the power unit
detects that the unit heats up too fast
Flowrate of the cooling liquid is too low (< 0,3
l/min)
Pump is not working
E06
Secondary overvoltage
E07
EEProm checksum error
E08
Wire feed / tacho
E09
Error V/A measuring
E11
Remote-control connection
Power consumption of wire feed motor too
high
No tacho signal
No CAN-Bus connection between MAPRO
and DMR
Measuring difference between Master and
Process
Short circuit between remote control cables
E12
Communication Process
Process is not responding to Master
E13
Temp. sensor error
Temp. sensor is defective
E14
Op. voltages error
Supply voltage is too low (< 17V)
E16
Overcurrent protection1
E17
Op. voltage 18V error
Power consumption of power unti 1 is too
high
18 V from control transformer missing
E18
overload protection
E19
Power module error
E20
Overvoltage sec.
E21
Output voltage/current
E22
E23
E24
Mains undervoltage 1
Mains overvoltage
Overcurrent protection2
E25
Power module detection
E26
Error voltage symmetry
E27
No program (DSP)
E30
E31
?
Op. voltage 15V error
Supply voltage is too low
Communication error
Master is not responding to Process
A “?“ is shown in the display The display board doesn’t get any data from
the MV-MAPRO
Master detects output voltage is too high
(>100V)
No welding program stored or error during
reading from memory
Safety shutdown to protect electrical
components
Temp. sensor is disconnected
Chargeup time for capacitors >1 second
Process reports a too high output voltage or
no voltage
External current/voltage or measuredifference between Master and Process
Power unit 1 reports mains voltage too low
Power unit reports mains voltage too high
Power consumption of power unti 2 is too
high
DIP-switch on pc-board MVDRV have been
set wrong
DC-link voltage difference (>50V) between
power units
Wrong material-wire-gas combination
Welding programs faulty or not available
Remedy
Let machine cool down in standby (*1)
Check temperature sensor (short circuit)
Check mains voltage and control
transformer (*2)
Notify an accredited Thermal Arc Service
Provider for repair
Check fans and their wiring
Check connectors of flow-meter, level of
cooling liquid and flowrate (*3)
Check fuse SI7 (2,5A) on pc-board MVMAPRO
Notify an accredited Thermal Arc Service
Provider for repair
Transfer welding programs to machine
again, exchange MV-MAPRO if error still
persists
Blow out torch package with compressed
air
Check wire feed unit
Check wiring of wire feed motor and PCboard DMR
Check wiring of pc-board LSW, pc-board
DP-EMV and PC-board DP-UFI-BO
Check remote control and wiring of remote
control socket
Switch the machine off and on again
Optionally exchange PC-board DP-MAPRO
Notify an accredited Thermal Arc Service
Provider for repair
Check mains voltage and control
transformer (*2)
Notify an accredited Thermal Arc Service
Provider for repair
Check mains supply and control
transformer
Let machine cool down in standby
Check temp. sensor
Check mains input
Check MVPWRUP board and it’s wiring
Notify an accredited Thermal Arc Service
Provider for repair
Notify an accredited Thermal Arc Service
Provider for repair
Check mains voltage and mains rectifier
Check mains voltage
Notify an accredited Thermal Arc Service
Provider for repair
Notify an accredited Thermal Arc Service
Provider for repair
Notify an accredited Thermal Arc Service
Provider for repair
Select other material-wire-gas combination
Transfer welding programs to machine
again
Check mains voltages
Switch the machine off and on again
Check the flat ribbon cable of the DS20BF
Check interpass hose (only machines with
separate wire feeder) and it’s connectors
Check PC-boards DMR and MV-MAPRO
*1 Check module temperatures in menu Extras, Diagnosis > Module temperatures
*2 Check supply voltages in menu Extras, Diagnosis > Operating voltages
*3 Check the flow rate in menu Extras, Diagnosis > Flow rate cooling system
6-4
March 16, 2007
POWERMASTER 320SP, 400SP, 500SP
APPENDIX 1: OPTIONAL ACCESSORIES AND CONSUMABLES
Wirefeeders
Part No.
Feature
SP4000W
W3000202
Water cooled connections, 4 Roll, suits 400SP/500SP
SP4000R
W3000302
Water cooled connections, 4 Roll suits 400SP/500SP Automation
MIG Guns
Part No.
Feature
PulseMaster 12ft Smart Gun
PMA512S-3545
Built in Remote Controls. Heavy Duty 500 Amp Rated. Suits
320SP/400SP/500SP
PulseMaster 15ft Smart Gun
PMA515S-3545
Built in Remote Controls. Heavy Duty 500 Amp Rated. Suits
320SP/400SP/500SP
PulseMaster 12ft Gun
PMA512-3545
Heavy Duty 500 Amp Rated. Suits 320SP/400SP/500SP
PulseMaster 15ft Gun
Python Gun 15ft
Python Gun 25ft
Python Gun 15ft
Python Gun 25ft
PMA515-3545
W4011301
W4011302
W4011305
W4011306
Heavy Duty 500 Amp Rated. Suits 320SP/400SP/500SP
Python Gun 15ft, PM320SP
Python Gun 25ft, PM320SP
Python Gun 15ft, PM400/500SP
Python Gun 25ft, PM400/500SP
Interconnect Cable Assy, 3ft Long
W4000603
3/0 Welding Cable, Water Cooled Hoses & Gas Hose. Suits
400SP/500SP
Interconnect Cable Assy, 16ft
Long
W4000604
3/0 Welding Cable, Water Cooled Hoses & Gas Hose. Suits
400SP/500SP
Interconnect Cable Assy, 32ft
Long
W4000605
3/0 Welding Cable, Water Cooled Hoses & Gas Hose. Suits
400SP/500SP
Remote Hand Control RC20
W4000000
Small Hand Pocket Pendant, Suits 320SP,
Remote Hand Pendant HR 911
W4000101
Full Control Panel Pendant. Suits 320SP and 400SP/500SP via SP4000W
Cart
W4000001
Rugged Construction, Accepts Full Size Cylinder. Suits 320SP
Swivel Unit K14
W4001000
Suits 400SP/500SP with SP4000W Wirefeeder
MIG/TIG Coolant 1 Quart (1L)
W4001402
all PM series SP welders
MIG/TIG Coolant 5 Quart (5L)
W4001400
all PM SP series welders
MIG/TIG Coolant 5 Gal (20L)
Mobile Cart w/Cylinder Rack
Push/Pull Interface Kit
Job Tool Software
Work Lead 12ft
Work Lead 12ft
Pivot Mount
W4001401
W4000300
W4010300
W4010400
90940
90941
W4001000
all PM SP series welders
Mobile Cart w/Cylinder Rack, PM320SP
Push/Pull Interface Kit, all PM SP series welders
Job Tool Software, all PM SP series welders
Work Lead 12ft, PM320SP
Work Lead 12ft, PM400/500SP
Pivot Mount, PM400/500SP
Options
March 16, 2007
A-1
POWERMASTER 320SP, 400SP, 500SP
APPENDIX 2: FEED ROLL INFORMATION
DRIVE ROLL KITS
Description
– 4 ROLLS
Style 1
Style 2
Style 3
Flat
Flat
Flat
Double “U”
Double Smooth VEE
Double Knurled VEE
Solid (Hard) Wire
Flux Cored Wire
Provides less wire friction in the MIG
torch due to the straightening effect of
the feed rolls system,
Top Drive Roll
Bottom Drive Roll
Wire Type Aluminum (Soft) Wire
Wire Size
.023”, .030” / 0.6, 0.8mm
–
W6000500
–
.035” / 0.9mm
–
W6000501
–
.035”, .045” / 0.9, 1.2mm
–
W6000502
–
.045” / 1.2mm
–
W6000503
–
.052”, 1/16” / 1.4, 1.6mm
–
W6000504
–
.030”, .035” / 0.8, 0.9mm
–
–
W6000505
.035”, .045” / 0.9, 1.2mm
–
–
W6000506
.045” – .052”, 1/16” / 1.2 – 1.4, 1.6mm
–
–
W6000507
.030”, .035” / 0.8, 0.9mm
W6000508
–
–
.035”, 3/64” / 0.9, 1.2mm
W6000509
–
–
3/64”, 1/16” / 1.2, 1.6mm
W6000510
–
–
ORDERING INFORMATION
Part No.
W6000500
W6000501
W6000502
W6000503
W6000504
W6000505
W6000506
W6000507
W6000508
W6000509
W6000510
W6000511
W6000512
W6000513
W6000514
W6000515
A-2
Description
DRIVE RL KIT,2RL,023-030,DS V
DRIVE RL KIT,2RL,035-035,DS V
DRIVE RL KIT,2RL,035-045,DS V
DRIVE RL KIT,2RL,045-045,DS V
DRIVE RL KIT,2RL,052-1/16,DS V
DRIVE RL KIT,2RL,035-035,DK V
DRIVE RL KIT,2RL,035-045,DK V
DRIVE RL KIT,2RL,045-1/16,DK V
DRIVE RL KIT,2RL,030-035,DU
DRIVE RL KIT,2RL,035-045,DU
DRIVE RL KIT,2RL,045-1/16,DU
Guide,Inlet,023-1/16,SP
Guide,Intermideate,023-1/16,SP
Guide,Outlet,023-035,SP
Guide,Outlet,035-045,SP
Guide,Outlet,045-1/16,SP
March 16, 2007
POWERMASTER 320SP, 400SP, 500SP
APPENDIX 3: MOUNTING THE TORCH HOLDER
Art # A-07728
March 16, 2007
A-3
LIMITED WARRANTY
This information applies to Thermal Arc products that were purchased in the USA and Canada.
April 2006
LIMITED WARRANTY: Thermal Arc®, Inc., A Thermadyne Company ("Thermal Arc"),
warrants to customers of authorized distributors ("Purchaser") that its products will be free
of defects in workmanship or material. Should any failure to conform to this warranty
appear within the warranty period stated below, Thermal Arc shall, upon notification
thereof and substantiation that the product has been stored, installed, operated, and
maintained in accordance with Thermal Arc's specifications, instructions,
recommendations and recognized standard industry practice, and not subject to misuse,
repair, neglect, alteration, or damage, correct such defects by suitable repair or
replacement, at Thermal Arc's sole option, of any components or parts of the product
determined by Thermal Arc to be defective.
This warranty is exclusive and in lieu of any warranty of
merchantability, fitness for any particular purpose, or other warranty of
quality, whether express, implied, or statutory.
Limitation of liability: Thermal Arc shall not under any circumstances be liable for special,
indirect, incidental, or consequential damages, including but not limited to lost profits and
business interruption. The remedies of the purchaser set forth herein are exclusive, and
the liability of Thermal Arc with respect to any contract, or anything done in connection
therewith such as the performance or breach thereof, or from the manufacture, sale,
delivery, resale, or use of any goods covered by or furnished by Thermal Arc, whether
arising out of contract, tort, including negligence or strict liability, or under any warranty,
or otherwise, shall not exceed the price of the goods upon which such liability is based.
No employee, agent, or representative of Thermal Arc is authorized to change this
warranty in any way or grant any other warranty, and Thermal Arc shall not be bound by
any such attempt. Correction of non-conformities, in the manner and time provided
herein, constitutes fulfillment of thermal’s obligations to purchaser with respect to the
product.
This warranty is void, and seller bears no liability hereunder, if purchaser used
replacement parts or accessories which, in Thermal Arc's sole judgment, impaired the
safety or performance of any Thermal Arc product. Purchaser’s rights under this warranty
are void if the product is sold to purchaser by unauthorized persons.
The warranty is effective for the time stated below beginning on the date that the
authorized distributor delivers the products to the Purchaser. Notwithstanding the
foregoing, in no event shall the warranty period extend more than the time stated plus
one year from the date Thermal Arc delivered the product to the authorized distributor.
Warranty repairs or replacement claims under this limited warranty must be submitted to
Thermal Arc via an authorized Thermal Arc repair facility within thirty (30) days of
purchaser's discovery of any defect. Thermal Arc shall pay no transportation costs of any
kind under this warranty. Transportation charges to send products to an authorized
warranty repair facility shall be the responsibility of the Purchaser. All returned goods
shall be at the Purchaser's risk and expense. This warranty dated April 1st 2006
supersedes all previous Thermal Arc warranties. Thermal Arc® is a Registered
Trademark of Thermal Arc, Inc.
WARRANTY SCHEDULE
This information applies to Thermal Arc products that were purchased in the USA and Canada.
April 2006
ENGINE DRIVEN WELDERS
WARRANTY PERIOD
Scout, Raider, Explorer
Original Main Power Stators and Inductors ......................................................................
............... 3 years
LABOR
3 years
Original Main Power Rectifiers, Control P.C. Boards .......................................................
............... 3 years
3 years
All other original circuits and components including, but not limited to, relays,
1 year
................ 1 year
switches, contactors, solenoids, fans, power switch semi-conductors.............................
Engines and associated components are NOT warranted by Thermal Arc, although
most are warranted by the engine manufacturer .............................................................. See the Engine’s Warranty for Details
GMAW/FCAW (MIG) WELDING EQUIPMENT
WARRANTY PERIOD
Fabricator 131, 181; 190, 210, 251, 281; Fabstar 4030;
PowerMaster 350, 350P, 500, 500P, 320SP, 400SP, 500SP; Excelarc 6045.
Wire Feeders; Ultrafeed, Portafeed, PowerMaster
Original Main Power Transformer and Inductor................................................................
............... 5 years
Original Main Power Rectifiers, Control P.C. Boards, power switch semi-conductors .....
............... 3 years
All other original circuits and components including, but not limited to, relays,
................ 1 year
switches, contactors, solenoids, fans, electric motors......................................................
GTAW (TIG) & MULTI-PROCESS INVERTER WELDING EQUIPMENT
WARRANTY PERIOD
160TS, 300TS, 400TS, 185AC/DC, 200AC/DC, 300AC/DC, 400GTSW, 400MST,
300MST, 400MSTP
Original Main Power Magnetics........................................................................................
............... 5 years
Original Main Power Rectifiers, Control P.C. Boards, power switch semi-conductors .....
............... 3 years
All other original circuits and components including, but not limited to, relays,
................ 1 year
switches, contactors, solenoids, fans, electric motors......................................................
PLASMA WELDING EQUIPMENT
WARRANTY PERIOD
Ultima 150
Original Main Power Magnetics........................................................................................
............... 5 years
Original Main Power Rectifiers, Control P.C. Boards, power switch semi-conductors .....
............... 3 years
Welding Console, Weld Controller, Weld Timer ...............................................................
............... 3 years
All other original circuits and components including, but not limited to, relays,
................ 1 year
switches, contactors, solenoids, fans, electric motors, Coolant Recirculator. ..................
SMAW (Stick) WELDING EQUIPMENT
WARRANTY PERIOD
Dragster 85
Original Main Power Magnetics........................................................................................
................ 1 year
Original Main Power Rectifiers, Control P.C. Boards .......................................................
................ 1 year
All other original circuits and components including, but not limited to, relays,
................ 1 year
switches, contactors, solenoids, fans, power switch semi-conductors .............................
160S, 300S, 400S
Original Main Power Magnetics........................................................................................
............... 5 years
Original Main Power Rectifiers, Control P.C. Boards .......................................................
............... 3 years
All other original circuits and components including, but not limited to, relays,
................ 1 year
switches, contactors, solenoids, fans, power switch semi-conductors .............................
GENERAL ARC EQUIPMENT
WARRANTY PERIOD
Water Recirculators ..........................................................................................................
................ 1 year
Plasma Welding Torches..................................................................................................
..............180 days
Gas Regulators (Supplied with power sources) ...............................................................
..............180 days
LABOR
1 year
LABOR
1 year
180 days
Nil
MIG and TIG Torches (Supplied with power sources)......................................................
...............90 days
Replacement repair parts .................................................................................................
...............90 days
Nil
Nil
MIG, TIG and Plasma welding torch consumable items...................................................
...................Nil
Nil
3 years
3 years
1 year
LABOR
3 years
3 years
1 year
LABOR
3 years
3 years
3 years
1 year
LABOR
1 year
1 year
1 year
3 years
3 years
GLOBAL CUSTOMER SERVICE CONTACT INFORMATION
Thermadyne USA
Thermadyne Asia Sdn Bhd
2800 Airport Road
Denton, Tx 76207 USA
Telephone: (940) 566-2000
800-426-1888
Fax: 800-535-0557
Email: [email protected]
Lot 151, Jalan Industri 3/5A
Rawang Integrated Industrial Park - Jln Batu Arang
48000 Rawang Selangor Darul Ehsan
West Malaysia
Telephone: 603+ 6092 2988
Fax : 603+ 6092 1085
Thermadyne Canada
Cigweld, Australia
2070 Wyecroft Road
Oakville, Ontario
Canada, L6L5V6
Telephone: (905)-827-1111
Fax: 905-827-3648
71 Gower Street
Preston, Victoria
Australia, 3072
Telephone: 61-3-9474-7400
Fax: 61-3-9474-7510
Thermadyne Europe
Thermadyne Italy
Europe Building
Chorley North Industrial Park
Chorley, Lancashire
England, PR6 7Bx
Telephone: 44-1257-261755
Fax: 44-1257-224800
OCIM, S.r.L.
Via Benaco, 3
20098 S. Giuliano
Milan, Italy
Tel: (39) 02-98 80320
Fax: (39) 02-98 281773
Thermadyne, China
Thermadyne International
RM 102A
685 Ding Xi Rd
Chang Ning District
Shanghai, PR, 200052
Telephone: 86-21-69171135
Fax: 86-21-69171139
2070 Wyecroft Road
Oakville, Ontario
Canada, L6L5V6
Telephone: (905)-827-9777
Fax: 905-827-9797
World Headquarters
Thermadyne Holdings Corporation
Suite 300, 16052 Swingley Ridge Road
St. Louis, MO 63017
Telephone: (636) 728-3000
FAX:
(636) 728-3010
Email: [email protected]
www.thermalarc.com
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