O p e r a t i o n s ... T H E
T H E
P A N A F L E X
M I L L E N N I U M
Operations
Manual
P A N A V I S I O N
6219 De Soto Avenue
Woodland Hills, CA
818.316.1000
91367
text
Nolan Murdock
Gary Woods
d e s i g n a n d p ro d u c t i o n
Roger Jennings
Richard J. Piedra
Susan J. Stone
photos
Christina Peters
©
Copyright 2000, Panavision, Inc.
Second edition: 09 /00
T H E
P A N A F L E X
M I L L E N N I U M
Operations
Manual
Table of Contents
SECTION ONE _______________ GENERAL SPECIFICATIONS
1.1 .................................. Cable Specifications
1.2 .................................. Camera Specifications
1.3 .................................. Camera Illustrations
1.4 .................................. Side Camera Views
1.5 .................................. Front and Rear Camera Views
1.6 .................................. Ground Glass Options
SECTION TWO ______________ PACKING AND SHIPPING
2.1 .................................. Packing and Transport
2.2 .................................. Accessory Cases
SECTION THREE _____________ ASSEMBLY
3.1 .................................. Camera Assembly
3.2 .................................. Digital Display
3.3 .................................. Iris Rod Bracket
3.4 .................................. On-Board Monitor and Bracket
3.5 .................................. Panalens Lite with Video
3.6 .................................. Witness Camera Monitor and Bracket
3.7 .................................. Auxiliary Carrying Handle
3.8 .................................. Follow Focus
3.9 .................................. Eyepiece Option
3.10 ................................ Eyepiece Leveler
SECTION FOUR ______________ MAGAZINE
4.1 .................................. Magazine Loading
4.2 .................................. Inching
4.3 .................................. Checking Remaining Footage
4.4 .................................. Reversing
4.5 .................................. Brakes
SECTION FIVE _______________ CAMERA OPERATION
5.1 .................................. Attaching the Magazine
5.2 .................................. Threading the Camera
P A N A F L E X
Table of Contents
5.3 .................................. Internal Manual and Electronic Inching
5.5 .................................. Removing the Aperture Plate
5.6 .................................. Removing/Replacing/Lubricating Movement
5.7 ..................................... Behind-the-Lens Filter
5.8...................................... Environmental Concerns
SECTION SIX ________________ VIEWFINDER
6.1 .................................. Focus Tube
M I L L E N N I U M
5.4 .................................. Pitch and Stroke Adjust
6.2 .................................. Hand Held Eyepiece
6.3 .................................. Extension Eyepiece
SECTION SEVEN _____________ CAMERA CONTROL
7.2 .................................. Rear Panel and Controls
7.3 .................................. Operator Side Panel and Controls
7.4 ................................... Digital Display
7.5 .................................. Local Area Control (LAC)
SECTION EIGHT _____________ VIDEO ASSIST
8.1 .............................. Video Assist Controls
8.2 .............................. Character Generator Controls
8.3 .................................. Video Output
8.4 .................................. Display Options
This manual is specific to the operation of the Panaflex Millennium.
For general information and specifics on other Panaflex cameras,
please refer to The Panaflex Users Manual by David Samuelson.
Contents
7.1 .................................. Connector Panel
on
general specifications
1.1 Cable specifications
Focus & T-Stop Motor 7 Pin Lemo #1B to 7 Pin Lemo #1B
1
6
2
5
7
3
4
2
4
9
1
5
10
8
6
7
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
24V OUT
Camera ID
9V OUT - When camera is on
Tach OUT
Spare
Remote Clock Relay
Remote Clock Signal IN
Ground
Shutter Pulse
Remote ON/OFF
4 Pin Lemo #1B to 6 Pin Lemo #2S
Zoom Motor
1
4
2
3
Zoom Power
1
2
3
4
2
Power Cable
1
Feedback
Feedback
Motor
Motor
3
4
2
5
2
1
3
6
4
5
2 Pin Lemo #1S to 2 Pin Lemo #1S
1
2
1
2
Motor +
Motor Ch A
+5 VCC
Ground
Ch B
ID
10 Pin Lemo #2S to 10 Pin Lemo #2S
Auxiliary
3
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
24V OUT
Ground
1
2
3 Pin Lemo to 3 Pin male XLR
1
2
24VDC
Ground
3
• = pin, º = socket
Connector as viewed from the rear with keyway up. Connectors are numbered
counterclockwise in the plug and clockwise in the receptacle.
1
2
3
Flange Focal distance ...................... 2.2488" ...... 57.119mm
Power ................................................ 24 volt System
Speed Range .................................... 3-50 FPS forward/reverse
Shutter Angle .................................. 11.2-180º
Electronically Controlled
Motor Control ................................ Digital PLL
Fuses ................................................ Auto-Reset Thermal
Mirror .............................................. 150º Full Reflex
Camera weights and measures
M I L L E N N I U M
Motor .............................................. DC Brushless
P A N A F L E X
1.2 Camera specifications
Body–Steadicam Ready ................ PFX-M .... 17.2 lbs. ..... 7.80 kg.
Focus Tube ...................................... MFT ........ 3.9 lbs. ......1.77 kg.
Hand Held Eyepiece ..................... MEPP ....... 1.1 lbs. ......0.50 kg.
1000' Magazine .............................. MM10 ....... 12 lbs. ......5.44 kg.
400' Magazine ................................. MM4 ........... 6 lbs. ......2.72 kg.
Iris Rod Bracket .............................. MIRB ....... 1.1 lbs. ......0.50 kg.
Butterfly Digital Display ................ MDD ....... 0.5 lbs. ......0.23 kg.
Hand Held Rig .............................. HHGA ...... 4.1 lbs. ......1.86 kg.
Steadicam Adapter Plate ............... MSCD ...... 0.7 lbs. ....0.317 kg.
Steadicam Low-Mode Adapter .... MSCPA ..... 0.5 lbs. ......0.23 kg.
general specifications
Extension Eyepiece ........................ MEPX ...... 4.7 lbs. .......2.13kg.
1.3 Camera illustrations—400' magazine
20.30"
(515.6mm)
11.06"
SIDE VIEW
REAR MOUNT
400' MAG
(280.9mm)
11.95"
(303.5mm)
8.35"
(212.1mm)
1.52"
(38.6mm)
1.84"
(46.7mm)
SIDE VIEW
TOP MOUNT
400' MAG
16.15"
(410.2mm)
6.75"
(171.5mm)
11.53"
(292.9mm)
14.50"
(368.3mm)
P A N A F L E X
6.67"
(169.4mm)
1.38"
(35.1mm)
FRONT VIEW
TOP MOUNT
400' MAG
M I L L E N N I U M
8.37"
(212.6mm)
3.28"
(83.3mm)
1.26"
(32mm)
8.54"
(216.9mm)
general specifications
FRONT VIEW
VIEWFINDER
16.14"
3.30"
(410mm)
(83.8mm)
5.75"
(146.1mm)
8.40"
(213.4mm)
8.50"
(215.9mm)
10.40"
(264.2mm)
13.40"
(340.4mm)
1.3 Camera illustrations—1000' magazine
23.96"
(609mm)
12.19"
(309.6mm)
5.78"
SIDE VIEW
REAR MOUNT
1000' MAG
(146.8mm)
18.63"
8.35"
(473.2mm)
(212.1mm)
4.51"
.74"
(114.6mm)
(18.8mm)
SIDE VIEW
TOP MOUNT
1000' MAG
20.38"
1.01"
(517.7mm)
(25.7mm)
6.75"
(171.5mm)
IMAGE PLANE
.375" (9.5mm)
11.53"
17.61"
(447.3mm)
(292.9mm)
CAMERA HOUSING
3.15"
(80mm)
P A N A F L E X
6.89"
(175mm)
1.33"
(33.8mm)
20.38"
(517.7mm)
8.37"
(212.6mm)
M I L L E N N I U M
FRONT VIEW
TOP MOUNT
1000' MAG
8.54"
(216.9mm)
general specifications
FRONT VIEW
VIEWFINDER
1000' MAG
3.30"
(83.8mm)
5.75"
(146.1mm)
8.40"
(213.4mm)
3.28"
(83.3mm)
.40"(10.2mm)
8.50"
(215.9mm)
10.40"
(264.2mm)
13.40"
(340.4mm)
1.4 Side camera views
FOOTAGE
INDICATOR
INCHING
KNOBS
FOOTAGE
LEVER
VIDEO
ASSIST
REMOTE
HOT SHOE
CONNECTOR
PANEL
TAPE HOOK
BUTTERFLY
DIGITAL
DISPLAY
EXTENSION
EYEPIECE
PANAGLOW
M I L L E N N I U M
5" LCD
MONITOR
WITH BRACKET
P A N A F L E X
1000'
MAGAZINE
FILM DOOR
DOOR SIDE
DIGITAL
DISPLAY
CAMERA
ON/OFF
EYEPIECE
LEVELER
general specifications
FOLLOW
FOCUS
1.5 Front and rear camera views
IRIS ROD
BRACKET
MONITOR
BRACKET
LOCK
BUTTERFLY
DIGITAL
DISPLAY
12V DC,
24V DC OUT
VIDEO IRIS
FOCUS, T-STOP
ZOOM MOTOR
CONNECTORS
P A N A F L E X
VIDEO
ASSIST
M I L L E N N I U M
PANACLEAR
EYEGLASS
HOLDER
CAMERA
ON/OFF
FORWARD
REVERSE
SWITCH
REAR
MAGAZINE
PORT
general specifications
REAR PANEL
& DIGITAL
DISPLAY
M
M
M
2.40:1
1.85:1 – Academy
1:85 – TV
Super Panavision 35 – Symmetrical
Super Panavision 35 – Common Head Room
2.40:1 – 1.85:1 – 1.33:1 (4x3)
2.40:1 – 1.85:1 – 1.33:1 (4x3)
Super Panavision 35
Television 4 Perf
Super Panavision 35
1.33 TV Safe
1.78 & 1.33 TV Trans with Common Top
1.78:1 (16x9)
1.33:1 (4x3) TV Trans & Safe
Super Panavision 35
Television 3 Perf
1.78:1 (16x9)
1.33:1 (4x3) TV Trans & Safe
M
35MM THEATRICAL FORMAT
35MM TELEVISION FORMAT
2x Anamorphic
4 Perf
1.33:1 (4x3) Safe – Academy
Super Panavision 35
4 Perf
TV Trans & Safe/Large TV
P A N A F L E X
Millennium ground glasses are indicated with
an “M” next to the description. When shooting
in Super 35 the Millennium utilizes existing
Panaflex Super 35 ground glasses.
CAUTION :
Do not use standard PFX Academy
ground glass. Millennium viewing mattes must
be used.
general specifications
The Millennium can be outfitted with the
ground glass in two different locations
depending on production demands. Under
most conditions, the camera is shipped with the
ground glass located in the traditional first
image plane location. However, for situations
requiring very high-resolution video assist
images, the traditional ground glass can be
replaced by a clear format screen and a focus
screen placed in a second image plane.
Foreseeable applications include intensive onset compositing or non-linear editing.
M I L L E N N I U M
1.6 Ground glass options
tw
packing and shipping
FOLLOW FOCUS
KNOB
& GEARBOX
MFFSK, MFFGB
CAMERA BODY
PFX-M
CAMERA
BASEPLATE
PCOB
HAND HELD
EYEPIECE
MEEP
IRIS ROD
BRACKET
MIRB
EXTENSION
EYEPIECE
MEPX
P A N A F L E X
packing and shipping
The camera system is comprised of four cases;
one containing the camera body and viewfinding components, the others containing camera
accessories. The camera is delivered without
either eyepiece attached to the viewing system
and it is recommended that it ships this way. It
is also advisable to remove the digital display
before shipment.
M I L L E N N I U M
2.1 Packing and transport
CAMERA ACCESSORIES
LENS LIGHT,
HANDLE,
FILTER HOLDERS
REMOTE
CONTROL
PLLV, PCLAHP
LAC
MATTE BOX
& RING
DIGITAL
DISPLAY
MB
MDD
MODULAR
FOLLOW FOCUS
EXTENSION
SPEED
CRANK
FXHL
MFFEX
POWER, MOTOR
& MISC.
CABLES
DUAL
SPEED KNOB
MFF2SK
HAND HELD ACCESSORIES
HAND HELD
ACCESSORIES
AND SUNSHADE
HHGA
EYEPIECE
LEVELER OR
EXTENSION EYEPIECE
EPL-M
HAND HELD
EYEPIECE
MEEP
MISC.
FOCUS TUBE
(FOR STEADICAM MODE)
MFT
VIDEO ACCESSORIES
MONITOR
BRACKET
MMB
WITNESS
MONITOR
BRACKET
MWMB
5" ON-BOARD
MONITOR
LCDM5
WITNESS
MONITOR
MWM
VIDEO
& POWER
CABLES
P A N A F L E X
The accessory cases contain all brackets, monitors, cables, etc., required to fully integrate a
Millennium camera.
packing and shipping
In addition to the nominal complement of
accessories there may be other items in the
cases, such as:
■ Hard mattes
■ Camera mounts
M I L L E N N I U M
2.2 Accessory cases
thre
assembly
DIGITAL
DISPLAY
DOVETAIL
ZOOM
MOTOR
CONNECTOR
POWER
POGOS
PANALENS LITE,
RIGHT HAND GRIP
OR REMOTE
ON/OFF DOVETAIL
24V DC
IRIS ROD
BRACKET
MOUNT
FOCUS
MOTOR
CONNECTOR
T-STOP MOTOR
CONNECTOR
P A N A F L E X
assembly
This section describes the attachment of each
camera accessory and its use, beginning at the
camera faceplate (pictured left), and continuing
counter clockwise around the camera body.
M I L L E N N I U M
3.1 Camera assembly
DIGITAL
DISPLAY
DOVETAIL
(UNDERNEATH)
VIDEO
HOUSING
P A N A F L E X
assembly
To install, align dovetail on the display with the
dovetail on top of the video housing and push
on until the Panaclick is heard. To remove,
depress the button on the digital display and
pull toward you.
M I L L E N N I U M
3.2 Digital display
MONITOR
BRACKET
LOCK
12V DC
24V DC
FUTURE
BRACKET
LOCK LEVER
CAMERA
MOUNT
IRIS ROD
LOCK
P A N A F L E X
M I L L E N N I U M
3.3 Iris rod bracket
assembly
Push bracket onto camera mount and tighten
bracket lock lever. The iris rod bracket is automatically powered from the camera contacts.
MONITOR
CONTROLS
POWER INPUT
VIDEO IN/OUT
INVERT SWITCH
SWIVEL BASE
SWIVEL BASE
SAFETY LOCK
(PULL DOWN)
BRACKET
LOCK
IRIS ROD
BRACKET
P A N A F L E X
Mount the monitor to the swivel base by screwing
the thumbscrew into one of the threaded inserts
located on the top or bottom of the monitor.
Insert the stud of the bracket into the receiver
at the top of the iris rod bracket and tighten the
lock lever.
next to the video controls.
A sunshade may be attached to the velcro strips
around the front edge of the monitor for
outdoor use.
Monitor operates on 12V to 24V DC power.
assembly
Brightness, color, tint, and contrast controls are
located on the side of the monitor while power
and video in/out are located on the back. If the
image is upside down, slide the invert switch up
or down. This switch is located on the back
M I L L E N N I U M
3.4 On board monitor and bracket
DOVETAIL
24 DC IN/OUT
DIMMER
CONTROL
VIDEO OUT
LOCK
DOVETAIL FOR
FACEPLATE
IMAGE
ORIENTATION
FOCUS RING
LAMP
P A N A F L E X
The video camera can be placed in the desired
position by turning the gooseneck. Image
orientation can be adjusted by rotating the control on the back of light. Focus is accomplished
by turning the lens barrel on the front of the
light.
assembly
The Panalens Lite incorporates a small B/W
video camera that can be used as a lens witness
camera when the Millennium is mounted on a
crane or when remote focus is desired. The lens
light mounts to a dovetail located on the motor
cover side of the faceplate, or it can be mounted to a dovetail on the iris rod bracket. A short
power cable is plugged into the 24V DC outlet
on the iris rod bracket or faceplate and into the
lens light. The Panalens Lite incorporates a
dimmer control located on the main body of the
light.
M I L L E N N I U M
3.5 Panalens Lite with video
ON-BOARD
MONITOR
MONITOR
CONTROLS
WITNESS
CAMERA
MONITOR
VIDEO/24V
POWER IN
BRACKET
P A N A F L E X
connectors on the rear.
A power on/off switch, along with video
controls are located on the top of the monitor.
assembly
The witness camera monitor can be mounted
to the on board monitor bracket by attaching
the threaded knob to any of the tapped holes.
This monitor will typically be used in a remote
location as the camera is likely to be on a crane.
24V power and video input is provided through
M I L L E N N I U M
3.6 Witness camera monitor and bracket
FILM PLANE
TAPE HOOK
P A N A F L E X
M I L L E N N I U M
3.7 Auxiliary carrying handle (Hollywood Handle)
The auxiliary carrying handle mounts to the
rear magazine port and screws into the tapped
insert on the rear of the iris rod bracket.
assembly
The handle incorporates a film plane tape hook
to facilitate distance measurements.
ADAPTER PLATE—FIRST POSITION
STUD
ADAPTER
PLATE
LOCK
PLUNGER
ADAPTER PLATE—ENGAGED
GEARBOX AND KNOB—ATTACHED
SINGLE
SPEED KNOB
GEAR BOX
LOCK
LEVER
Please note that all follow focus devices including modular follow focus adapters, standard
follow focus and remote follow focus motors
must be configured for Panastar use.
To remove, pull out lock plunger, pivot adapter
downward and pull off of the stud. The adapter
may be left in place during transport.
The gear box and single speed knob are shipped
as a unit. The gear box slides into the dovetail on
the adapter plate and locks from the front. If a
dual speed knob or extension are required,
remove the single speed knob by rotating the
lock lever on the knob and pulling from the gear
box. Install the dual speed knob or extension by
pushing it onto the gear box and locking it. To
ensure proper operation, be sure the key in the
end of the knob or extension is properly engaged
into the slot in the gear box.
assembly
The follow focus adapter plate mounts to the
camera just below the lens port. Push the
adapter onto the stud located below and to the
left (viewed from front) of the lens port, then
pivot the right edge up into the lock plunger.
M I L L E N N I U M
The Millennium comes standard with
a modular follow focus unit consisting of:
■ Follow focus adapter plate
■ Modular follow focus gear box
■ Single speed knob
■ Dual speed knob
■ Extension
■ Whip
■ Speed crank
P A N A F L E X
3.8 Follow focus
EXTENSION
LOCK
EYEPIECE
LOCK
PIVOT
LOCK
KNUCKLE
P A N A F L E X
The Millennium ships with a short hand held
eyepiece and an extension eyepiece. Both eyepieces mount in the same fashion.
The camera ships with a protective cover
mounted in the eyepiece lock. To remove the
cover, depress the button on the lock ring and
rotate counter to the lock arrow. Remove the
cover and place the eyepiece in the lock ring,
making sure the slot in the eyepiece flange is
If you are mounting the extension eyepiece, you
may find it easier to rotate the knuckle into the
straight up (sky) position and then insert the
eyepiece into the lock ring. The knuckle pivot
lock is a knurled knob located just to the front
of the eyepiece lock ring.
See section 6.1 on the viewfinder for further
information on the eyepieces.
assembly
mated with the key in the lock ring. Rotate the
lock in the direction of the arrow.
M I L L E N N I U M
3.9 Eyepiece option
EYEPIECE
ATTACHMENT
HEIGHT
ADJUSTMENT
SCREW TO
PANAHEAD
TILT
GEARBOX
P A N A F L E X
The eyepiece leveler is used to keep the eyepiece
level as the camera is tilted up and down.
pulling the telescoping sections in and out. To
remove, squeeze the lock tabs together and pull
from the stud.
The eyepiece knuckle must be
unlocked in order to avoid damage during
operation.
CAUTION:
assembly
The bottom of the leveler screws into a tapped
hole in the tilt gearbox on the Panahead.
The top incorporates an eyepiece attachment.
Squeeze the two lock tabs together and push
onto the stud located on the rear of the extension eyepiece. Height adjustments are made by
loosening the lock screws and pushing or
M I L L E N N I U M
3.10 Eyepiece leveler
four
magazine
COVER
LOCKS
MAG TRAP
FOOTAGE
COUNTER
MECHANISM
FEED
TAKE UP
The Millennium magazine incorporates a dual
motor system. The magazine controls the
speed of the feed motor and of the take up
motor for quiet operation and proper take up
tension.
Pull back the top lock of the feed side spindle and
transfer the plastic film core from the feed side
of the magazine. Place it on the take-up spindle
with film slot facing counter-clockwise. If there
is not a spare core in the magazine, one must be
provided.
Replace the magazine cover to its proper seated
position and rotate the locks clockwise to lock.
When preparing the magazine for installation
on the camera, hold the film entering the take
up side stationary, and pull the film from the
supply side to the proper length. This prevents
the film entering the take up side from pushing
up and coming off of the core.
magazine
The film is loaded in a “99” configuration.
The Millennium utilizes a single large roller in
the light trap. When loading, the tail from the
feed side should be pushed into the slot to the
left of the large roller. Grasp the tail of the film
and insert it into the right slot of the trap. The
tail should now be inside the magazine. Pull
the film to the right hand side of the take up
film core, locate the slot in the core and insert
the end of the film into the slot. Rotate the
take up core counter-clockwise several turns.
M I L L E N N I U M
Lift the cover locks out of their recesses and
turn both counter-clockwise to release, and
remove the cover.
P A N A F L E X
4.1 Magazine loading
HAND GRIPS
INCHING
KNOBS
FOOTAGE
INDICATOR
LEVER
REMAINING
FOOTAGE
SCALE
The inching knobs are located on the back of
the magazine in the center of the hand grips.
To inch, depress and rotate the knobs.
P A N A F L E X
4.2 Inching
4.3 Checking remaining footage
M I L L E N N I U M
The remaining footage indicator is located on
the back of the magazine between the two hand
grips. To read remaining footage push the actuator lever down until it contacts the film, then
read the scale. The actuator will return to a
neutral position when released.
4.4 Reverse
4.5 Brakes
Two solenoids are used to apply braking to the
feed and take-up spindle. This prevents film
from unspooling during transportation of a
loaded magazine. The solenoids are engaged
when the camera is powered down. An audible
“click” may be heard when this occurs.
When Millennium magazines are used on
other Panaflex cameras, the solenoids will
engage and disengage each time the camera is
rolled.
magazine
For double exposure shots, the camera must be
switched from forward to reverse. If a single
pass reverse shot is desired, the film must be
loaded on the take-up spindle. This requires
the film to be rewound so that the emulsion
side is out.
fiv
camera operation
TOP MAGAZINE PORT
MAGAZINE
LOCK
SAFETY
CATCH
P A N A F L E X
The Millennium incorporates a magazine port
on the top and back. The top port is generally
fitted with a 1000' magazine, while the rear
port is used with a 400' magazine in hand held
or Steadicam configuration. Mounting for each
port is the same.
M I L L E N N I U M
5.1 Attaching the magazine
The magazines mount in locking dovetails.
The magazine and port each incorporate a set
of contacts. The contacts are located to the
Rest one end of the magazine on the camera,
feed the film loop through the magazine port
and lock the magazine securely in position.
camera operation
front (lens) and must mate for proper operation. In the case of the rear port, the contacts
are located on top. Before placing the magazine
on the camera port, pull 6"to 8" of film out of
the magazine into the film compartment. The
lock is located just in front of the contacts. The
lock is located on top if the magazine is mounted on the rear port.
LOCATING PIN
FINGER TAB
FOR INSERTING
REGISTRATION
PINS
REGISTRATION
PIN RETRACTOR
REGISTRATION
PINS
PULLDOWN
CLAWS
MANUAL
INCHING KNOB
SPROCKET
3 & 4 PERF
UPPER & LOWER
SPROCKET
KEEPER
ROLLERS
TOP LOAD
REAR LOAD
Inch the camera until the pull-down claw is at the bottom of
its stroke and out of the film path. Pull out the registration
pins retractor and retract the pins in order to clear the gate.
Pull out a very short loop from the supply side of the
magazine.
THREADING THE FILM
Pull about 8" of film from the supply side of the magazine
and stretch it towards the bottom left hand corner of the
camera. Open the top and bottom sprocket keepers.
Check that the film on the take-up side is properly seated on
the underside of the sprocket and close the bottom sprocket
keeper.
Set the bottom loop so that is just clears the bottom of the
camera.
Press a film perf onto the perforation locating pin situated
just above the aperture plate. This will ensure that the perforations will be correctly aligned with the registration pins.
At the same time, gently press on the edge of the film to
ensure the film is fully back into the movement.
Set the registration pins into the perforations by gently
pressing the finger tab at the top of the retraction pin. If it
does not go easily, recheck the perforation alignment.
Set the top loop by pulling the film off the perforation locating pin. The top loop should be set to clear the locating pin.
Engage the film on the top of the sprocket and close the top
keeper. If the camera has been disconnected, re-connect the
camera power supply.
camera operation
Thread the film through the camera exactly as shown on the
threading diagram on the inside of the camera door. Double
check that it is correct.
M I L L E N N I U M
NOTE: While threading the camera, do not inch the camera until
the film on the take-up side has been securely located on the sprocket, and the bottom sprocket keeper has been closed. (Turning the
inching knob will activate the magazine take-up motor.
Ensure that the film has been properly secured on the main
sprocket.)
P A N A F L E X
5.2 Threading the camera
LOCATING PIN
MANUAL
SHUTTER
OVERRIDE
TOP LOCK
(SEE 5.5)
MANUAL
INCHING KNOB
STROKE
CONTROL
(SEE 5.4)
PITCH
CONTROL
(SEE 5.4)
BOTTOM LOCK
(SEE 5.5)
ELECTRONIC
INCH & RUN
P A N A F L E X
To manually inch, rotate the manual inching
knob in the direction of the arrow.
NOTE:
The magazine will take up.
M I L L E N N I U M
5.3 Internal manual inching
Electronic inching
Electronic run
Manual shutter override
To electronically inch or run, depress either the
inch or run buttons to activate.
If the camera is running, the shutter angle will
be displayed on any of the digital displays and
will dynamically change as the manual override is opened or closed.
camera operation
The manual shutter override should be used
only in an emergency situation. To utilize, set
the shutter angle switches on the control panel
on the back of the camera to zeros. Remove the
film and the pressure pad. Normal shutter
angle markings are engraved on the back of the
shutter and can be set by rotating the manual
adjustment open or close.
STROKE
CONTROL
PITCH
CONTROL
P A N A F L E X
To ensure quiet running, adjust the pitch
adjustment by running the camera at speed and
rotate the pitch control knob clockwise or
counter-clockwise until the perforation noise is
minimized. This adjustment should be made at
every reload.
optimize the amount of film which is pulled
down each time ensuring clean entry of registration pins. The stroke adjustment is made
while the camera is running. However, in order
to minimize the possibility of damage, it is
advisable to only insert or remove the tool
while the camera is off.
camera operation
The stroke adjustment is made utilizing a
special tool and is generally preset at time of
rental. This adjustment is made in order to
M I L L E N N I U M
5.4 Pitch and stroke adjustment
TOP LOCK
REGISTRATION
PIN
RETRACTOR
BOTTOM
THUMB LOCK
P A N A F L E X
To remove the aperture plate, inch the camera
until the pulldown claw is at the bottom of
its stroke, disengaged from the film, with the
registration pins fully engaged.
Pull out the spring-loaded registration pin
retraction knob and pull the pins back to clear
the gate.
Replace the aperture plate by holding the bottom lock horizontally and pushing the plate
onto the top locating pin. Push the bottom lock
down and set top lock by pulling it out and
turning it counter-clockwise.
camera operation
Turn the top lock clockwise and the bottom
thumb lock counter-clockwise. Hold the bottom lock horizontally and pull to remove the
plate.
M I L L E N N I U M
5.5 Removing the aperture plate
MOVEMENT
SCREWS
With a wide screwdriver, gently loosen the two short movement screws which secure the movement plate. Unscrew
approximately five turns until they become loose in their
bushings. Remove movement by pulling on the pitch control knob, wiggling to loosen.
Hold the movement with the thumb on the pitch control
knob and the forefinger on the top aperture dog-lock. Then
slide the entire unit into the camera interior and engage the
coupling in the camera body with the witness marks aligned.
Secure the movement with the short knurled-head capture
screws and tighten with a wide screwdriver. If the screws do
not bottom out solidly, the movement is not seated properly.
The interface between the motor drive coupling and the
movement coupling is offset so they cannot be assembled incorrectly. If the movement does not seat, inch the camera back and forth
slightly until the couplings fit snugly together. If it still does not
seat, remove and check the drive and movement couplings for possible damage.
NOTE:
camera operation
To replace the movement, inch the camera until the pins of
the motor coupling are horizontal, and the witness mark is
downwards. Similarly, align the movement shaft so that it
matches the camera coupling. Hold the movement with
both hands using the left hand for support and the right
hand to guide the movement into position.
M I L L E N N I U M
Inch the camera until the pulldown claws are at the bottom
of the stroke and fully withdrawn from their slots. Stop just
before the pulldown claw arm obstructs the lower movement lockdown screw.
P A N A F L E X
5.6 Removing, replacing, and lubricating movement
OIL
OIL
OIL
OIL
REGISTRATION
PIN BUSHINGS
(NOT SHOWN)
OIL
SILICONE
FELT PADS
OIL
OIL
OIL
TOP VIEW
OIL
OIL
OIL
OIL
P A N A F L E X
The pads at the bottom of the gate should be
siliconed as required.
camera operation
It is suggested that the movement be lubricated
with the included oil every two weeks or
100,000 feet.
M I L L E N N I U M
5.6 Lubricating movement
GEL FILTER
DOOR
In addition to places for three or four filters in the various
Panavision matte boxes, there is also a provision on all
Millennium cameras to place a gelatin filter just in front of
the film plane.
Millennium cameras are supplied with a box containing
12 gelatin filter holders.
The use of a gelatin filter between the lens and the film
affects the lens back focal distance by about 11⁄2 thousandths
(.0015) of an inch. This is not likely to have a deleterious
effect on the focus of any lens unless it has a particularly
short focal length and/or wide aperture. If using gelatin filters, Panavision technicians can, upon request, alter the
flange focal depth setting of the camera accordingly.
To fit the gelatin filter holder into a Millennium camera,
slide back the dust/light/sound proof cover below the
viewfinder tube, insert the filter holder inwards and
upwards, close the cover slide and remind the cinematographer that a behind-the-lens filter is in place so that he can
make appropriate allowances in the exposure calculations.
Make sure that the filter holder is fully inserted and that
the door is fully closed.
NOTE:
camera operation
Before a shoot, the camera assistant should very carefully
mount a selection of gelatin filters into the holders as requested by the cinematographer. Panavision Inc. and its distributors
worldwide can supply a gelatin filter punch for cutting filters
to shape. Be careful to keep dust, finger marks and other blemishes off the surface of the filters.
M I L L E N N I U M
Millennium filter holders are not interchangeable with
other Panaflex cameras or vice versa. They are keyed to prevent
inadvertent insertion.
CAUTION:
P A N A F L E X
5.7 Behind-the-lens filter
RF/CABLE
SWITCH
HEATER ON
INDICATOR
24V DC HEATER
ACCESSORY
REAR ON/OFF
24V DC
BNC FOR
FTZSAC OR
SMART SHUTTER
FUTURE
RS232
P A N A F L E X
The camera is sealed against normal dust and
moisture conditions. However, water boxes,
weather protectors, dust covers, spray deflectors and other protective devices are available.
camera operation
The Millennium is equipped with on-board
heaters in the faceplate and midrib for use in
cold conditions. It is advisable to plug in the
heater cable 30 minutes prior to use. A separate
battery should be used to power the heaters.
Note that batteries can lose up to 50% of their
capacity at 32ºF as compared to 72ºF. Magazine
and lens heater covers are abailable and should
be used in very cold temperatures.
M I L L E N N I U M
5.8 Environmental concerns
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SPHERICAL /
ANAMORPHIC
SELECTOR
OPEN/CLOSE
EYE SELECTOR
EYEPIECE
LOCK
PIVOT LOCK
FOCUS TUBE
VIDEO IRIS
NEUTRAL
DENSITY
SELECTOR
FOCUS TUBE
SAFETY LOCK
FOCUS TUBE
LOCK
PANAGLOW
ON/OFF
PANAGLOW
BRIGHTNESS
To add or reduce drag to the eyepiece knuckle, rotate pivot lock.
To select spherical or anamorphic, rotate the selector to
spherical or anamorphic.
To open and close the eyepiece, rotate the open/close eye selector. This selector should be closed if film is being shot and no
operator is viewing the scene through the eyepiece.
The spring-loaded neutral density selector reduces the amount
of light being passed through the viewing system, compensating
for very bright lighting situations. Normal filters are ND 0.6
and ND 0.9.
The focus tube may be removed from the camera when remote
crane or Steadicam operation is desired.
After removal of the focus tube, the video cover should be
closed and locked to protect the window and prevent any
unwanted light from entering the video path. This is best done
by applying pressure with your thumb to the edge of the door
which is located at the bottom of the video tube still attached to
the camera. Once hinged down, close the door and lock it by
rotating the focus tube knob using your fingertip.
To reinstall, unlock and open the video door making sure that
it is completely stored and locked. Align the yellow marks on
either the front or back of the focus tube with the corresponding marks on the video tube, making sure the focus tube is flat
against the video tube.
Push and hold the focus tube lock and gently slide the focus
tube down into the dovetail, making sure the focus tube reaches the bottom and the lock is properly engaged. Rotate the safety lock in the direction of the lock arrows.
The Panaglow is used to illuminate the format markings when
shooting against a dark background or in low light conditions.
Slide the switch to activate the Panaglow and rotate the intensity wheel to control brightness.
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To remove the focus tube it is best to remove any attached eyepiece first. Unlock the safety lock located on the front of the
video tube just below the video iris. Push in and hold the focus
tube lock, then gently pull up on the focus tube and slide it off
of the camera body. It may be easier to pull with the hand holding the focus tube lock and push the tube from the bottom with
the other hand.
M I L L E N N I U M
To compensate for lighting situations, rotate the video iris
control open or closed.
P A N A F L E X
6.1 Focus tube
LEFT, CENTER,
RIGHT BUTTON
FOCUS
(DIOPTER)
EYEPIECE
LOCK
PANACLEAR
CONNECTOR
Each eyepiece has a notch that matches a key in
the lock. Make sure that the notch and key are
properly aligned, then rotate the lock in the
direction of the lock arrow.
Panaclear is used to keep the eyepiece fog free.
If conditions require, plug the Panaclear into a
top or back handle equipped with a Panaclear
plug. Panaclear handles also have on/off
switches.
To properly focus the eyepiece, first defocus
the camera lens and rotate the diopter focus
ring to achieve the best crosshair focus on the
ground glass. A white marker ring around the
focus may be marked with a pencil for individual
settings.
viewfinder
To set the left, center or right viewing position,
press the lock button on the eyepiece, and
rotate the eyepiece to the desired position.
There are detent positions for left, center and
right.
M I L L E N N I U M
To unlock the eyepiece lock, press the safety
button and rotate the lock down. Gently pull
the eyepiece off.
P A N A F L E X
6.2 Hand held eyepiece
TELESCOPING
LOCK
TELESCOPING
GRADUATIONS
EYEPIECE
LOCK
WHITE MARKER
RING
PANACLEAR
CONNECTOR
FOCUS
(DIOPTER)
MAGNIFIER
LEVER
EYEPIECE
LEVELER
For operator comfort, the extension eyepiece can be telescoped from its compressed position to any desired length
up to its maximum position. Image size, focus and brightness remain the same throughout all positions.
To properly focus the eyepiece, first defocus the camera lens
and rotate the diopter focus ring to achieve the best
crosshair focus on the ground glass. A white marker ring
around the focus may be marked with a pencil for individual
settings.
Panaclear is used to keep the eyepiece fog free. If conditions
require, plug the Panaclear into a top or back handle
equipped with a Panaclear plug. Panaclear handles also have
on/off switches.
The extension eyepiece has an arm that can be pivoted out
and used to rest the eyepiece on the camera door hinge pin.
The arm is located on the side of the eyepiece closest to the
camera.
The eyepiece leveler is used in order to maintain operator
viewing position as the camera is being tilted up and down.
The leveler is attached to the head via a screw shaft and can
be used on Panahead as well as fluid heads.
Attach the leveler to the eyepiece by squeezing the silver locking tabs together and inserting the leveler stud into the mount.
For more information on the eyepiece leveler, see Section 3.1.
The leveler can be adjusted to the desired length by unlocking
any of the three locking collars and telescoping the shaft.
NOTE:
Make sure the pivot lock is loose when using the leveler.
viewfinder
The magnifier enlarges the center of the image two times
when it is necessary to critically focus on a part of the scene.
Push the lever down to engage the magnifier. Flip the lever
up to disengage.
M I L L E N N I U M
To telescope, rotate the telescoping lock toward the camera
to unlock, pull the eyepiece to the desired viewing position
and rotate the telescoping lock in direction of lock arrow.
P A N A F L E X
6.3 Extension eyepiece
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RF/CABLE
SWITCH
HEATER ON
INDICATOR
24V DC HEATER
ACCESSORY
REAR ON/OFF
24V DC
BNC FOR
FTZSAC OR
SMART SHUTTER
FUTURE
RS232
P A N A F L E X
used for many external
control devices such as:
■ Remote on/off.
■ Phaseable synchronizing boxes.
Accessory Connector:
24V DC:
M I L L E N N I U M
7.1 Connector panel
provides for camera power.
under cold conditions, it is
advisable to warm the camera. A separate 24V
DC battery is best. The htr on indicator illuminates when heaters are on.
24V DC Heater:
selects wired or wireless operation.
for wired operation with FTZSAC,
Smart Shutter, or Remote F and T controllers.
FTZSAC:
RS232:
For use with digital link FTZSACs.
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RF/Cable:
EYEGLASS
HOLDER
DIGITAL
DISPLAY
DISPLAY
CONTROLS
DOOR SAFETY
SHUTTER
ANGLE
SELECTOR
SPEED
SELECTOR
FUTURE
RS232
LOCAL AREA
CONTROL
(REMOTE)
FORWARD/
REVERSE
CAMERA
ON/OFF
PHASE
CONTROLS
This two-line display continuously shows
camera speed on the top line, and displays shutter angle,
battery voltage, footage and display brightness on the second line, depending upon mode selected. Upon camera
power-up, the display will flash the software version of the
control panels first and the camera version second.
Digital Display:
(all on second line)
until xxx DG appears (only displayed when camera is running).
Footage: press M until xxx FT or xxx MTR appears. Preset
footage can be set by using the up/down arrows.
Frames: press M until xxx FRM appears.
Brightness: press M until Bright appears, use the up/down
arrows to set display brightness.
Battery Voltage: press M until Batt. xx.x appears.
Set: press M until SET appears. This confirms switch settings.
To Display The Following:
■ Shutter Angle: press M
■
■
■
■
■
To Set Speed: Use selector switches to enter desired speed.
Speed may be set in 1/1000th of a frame increment, 3-50 fps.
To Phase:
■
■
With the camera running, use phase up/down buttons to
phase mirror to desired position.
The phase arrows can also be used to rotate the
mirror/shutter 180˚ to facilitate gate checking (when
camera is off).
RS232:
Future.
Remote:
plug for local area control (LAC) (see 7.4).
The forward/reverse switch is
located on the bottom rear of the camera just below the control panel. Slide switch to desired direction.
To Set Forward/Reverse:
(from rear or side switch)
To turn on the camera, push on/off switch to the right,
then the switch returns to a center position.
To turn off the camera, push on/off switch to the left, then
the switch returns to a center position.
To Turn Camera On/Off:
■
■
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d i scphl a y
ntrols
To Set Shutter Angle: Use selector switches to enter desired
shutter angle. Shutter angle may be set in 1/10th degree
increments, from 11.2˚ to 180˚.
M I L L E N N I U M
used to page through displays and set specific parameters.
■ M: scrolls though mode displays. Bottom line only.
■ Up/down arrows: set display brightness or preset footage.
■ R: reset footage counter to zeros.
Display Controls:
P A N A F L E X
7.2 Rear panel and controls
“M” MODE
SELECT
DIGITAL
DISPLAY
ON/OFF
SWITCH
STATUS
INDICATORS
P A N A F L E X
To Turn Camera On/Off:
(from rear or side switch)
■
■
Push on/off switch to the right to turn on the
camera. The switch returns to a center position.
Push on/off switch to the left to turn the camera off. The switch returns to a center position.
M I L L E N N I U M
7.3 Operator side panel and controls
STATUS INDICATORS:
indicates status of film in the
camera. Low indicator will illuminate with
approximately 20' of film remaining. The out
indicator illuminates within 5'.
Low/Out/Jam:
indicates an error in camera running
speed (out of sync).
FPS:
scrolls through displays appearing in the
digital display.
Mode:
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Low Batt: indicates low battery voltage (21
volts) requiring a battery change.
P A N A F L E X
displays & controls
Double-sided display indicates camera speed
on the far left segment, and the selected mode
including shutter angle, film counter (displayed
in either feet, meters or frames) and display
brightness. The opposite side displays
M: (mode) button only.
■ M: scrolls through mode displays
■ Up/down arrows: set display brightness or
preset footage
M I L L E N N I U M
7.4 Digital display
NORMAL OR
MAX. SHUTTER
ANGLE
(RAMP MODE)
MAXIMUM
SPEED
TIME
CAMERA
ON/OFF
SEE 7.2
MINIMUM
SHUTTER ANGLE
(RAMP MODE)
MINIMUM
SPEED
(RAMP MODE)
RAMP/XTAL
NORMAL
SPEED
SEE 7.2
HI/LO START
The LAC provides remote operation of all camera functions
and the ability to execute ramp speed/shutter compensated
shots. The LAC duplicates the controls and operation from
the camera back panel (see 7.2). An additional set of speed
and shutter angle switches have been included to facilitate
ramp speed/shutter compensated shots as well as a set of
time switches and ramp/xtal switch.
■
■
remote connector. The back
panel display will blackout and the LAC display will illuminate.
Set RAMP/XTAL to XTAL and set graphic coordinated speed
and shutter angle switches to desired settings (see 7.2).
Camera on/off switch is located on top of the LAC.
To Set Ramp Speed/Shutter Compensation:
■ Set RAMP/XTAL switch to ramp. The display
HI? LO?
■
■
■
■
■
■
Determine desired speed range and set minimum and
maximum speeds in the respective windows.
Calculate required shutter angles and set minimum and
maximum shutter angles in the respective windows.
The shot will be executed by the camera in the time set in
the time window. Set desired time.
The HI? LO? in the display determines the starting parameter of the shot. Select HI by pressing the HI button, if the
shot is to start at the maximum speed and move to the
minimum speed.
Select LO by pressing LO button if the shot is to start at the
minimum speed and move to the maximum speed.
Turn the camera on. The camera will run at either the
maximum or minimum speed depending on which was
selected. By pressing either the HI or LO button, the camera will execute the desired speed and shutter change in
the set amount of time.
Once the shot is complete, pressing the HI or LO will
reverse the shot.
Only three of the four speed and shutter settings are
required: i.e., a 15 to 24 fps speed change is desired with an ending
shutter angle of 180º. In lieu of calculating the minimum shutter
angle, set the minimum window to zeros, the maximum window to
180º and 15/24 in the respective FPS window. Determine HI? or
LO? as above. When the shot is executed, the camera will calculate
the missing shutter angle.
NOTE:
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d i scphl a
ntrols
■
will show
M I L L E N N I U M
Normal Remote Operation:
■ Plug LAC into back panel
P A N A F L E X
7.5 Local area control (LAC)
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VIDEO ASSIST
CONTROLS
COLOR:
■
■
■
COLOR TEMP:
■
■
■
Auto: automatically adjusts color temperature
balance.
3200: selects tungsten color balance.
5600: selects daylight color balance.
GAIN:
Auto: automatically adjusts video gain levels to
compensate for bright or dark scene contrast.
■
Fixed: provides a fixed 5db gain boost.
ADJ: used in conjunction with the video gain
switch to set multiple fixed gain settings. Push the
Line/Video Gain switch left or right to increase
or decrease gain.
■
COMP/FRZ/NML:
■
■
■
NML: provides normal video output.
FRZ: freezes the picture allowing for the moving of the camera or subject.
COMP: overlays the frozen image with a live
image for proper alignment of the camera or
subject.
FRAME RATE:
■
■
■
■
Auto: provides flicker-free video output to all
camera speeds.
30: outputs single field resolution video.
60: outputs dual field resolution video .
Off/On: turns video off or on.
video assist
■
M I L L E N N I U M
Color: provides color picture output.
Test: displays color bars.
B/W: provides black and white picture output.
P A N A F L E X
8.1 Video assist controls
FRAMELINE /
CHARACTER
GENERATOR
CONTROLS
Char Size: pressing this button multiple times
scrolls through various options of character size,
Panatape display, and character off.
■
Mask Gain: used to electronically mask areas
outside of the frame lines.
- : lightens the mask.
+ : darkens the mask.
Line/Video Gain: controls the brightness of the
frame lines or video gain.
- : brightens the the frame lines.
+ : darkens the frame lines.
Position: used to move frame lines in/out and
up/down.
Select: pressing select will step through the
options of establishing A & B frame lines, selecting dashed or solid frame lines, and mask on/off.
■
■
■
M I L L E N N I U M
■
P A N A F L E X
8.2 Frame line
and character generator controls
FLG:
■
■
■
A: displays the A frame lines and masks.
B: displays the B frame lines and masks.
A&B: overlaps both frame lines.
0: turns all frame lines and masks off.
To Set Frame Lines:
■
■
Set FLG to A or B, press select until left hand
frame line flashes.
Use the Position switch to move the frame line
to the desired position. Press Select, and the top
frame line will start to flash, allowing use of the
position switch to move the frame line to the
desired position. Repeat for the rest of the frame
lines.
Electronic De-Anamorphoser:
■
To de-anamorph the video image, simultaneously move Position and Mask Gain to the right and
hold 1 to 2 seconds. To return to normal, simultaneously move Position and Mask Gain to the
left and hold 1 to 2 seconds.
video assist
■
RGB OUT
FRAMELINE
& CHARACTER
GENERATOR OUT
PANATAPE IN
provides both frame line mask
and character generator information.
Frameline/FPS:
provides video only (no frame lines,
mask or character generator information).
Video:
provides an input for the Panatape
in order to display range information in the
video signal.
Panatape:
To display elapsed film in either feet, meters or
frames, press and hold CHAR SIZE and push the
POSITION switch to the right.
To display all information with a black background, press and hold CHAR SIZE and push the
POSITION switch to the left.
To display the main information screen,
simultaneously push MASK GAIN to the right
and POSITION to the left. Reverse the directions
to turn off the information screen.
video assist
8.4 Display Options
M I L L E N N I U M
provides red, green, and blue analog out,
requiring 9 pin D connector to the BNC breakout cable.
RGB:
P A N A F L E X
8.3 Video outputs
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