Radyne | OM20 | Specifications | Radyne OM20 Specifications

Radyne OM20 Specifications
OM20
Universal Outdoor Modem
Installation and Operation Manual
IMPORTANT NOTE: The information contained in this document supersedes all previously
published information regarding this product. This manual is subject to change without prior notice.
Part Number MN-OM20
Revision 5
OM20
Universal Outdoor Modem
Installation and Operation Manual
Part Number MN-OM20
Revision 5
October 27, 2009
Copyright © 2009 Comtech EF Data. All rights reserved. Printed in the USA.
Comtech EF Data, 2114 West 7th Street, Tempe, Arizona 85281 USA, 480.333.2200, FAX: 480.333.2161
This page is intentionally blank.
Table of Contents
TABLE OF CONTENTS............................................................................................................................................. III
CHAPTER 1.
INTRODUCTION ........................................................................................................................ 1–1
1.0
OVERVIEW ...................................................................................................................................................1–1
1.1
OM20 CONFIGURATIONS...............................................................................................................................1–2
1.1.1 Features/Options Installed at Time of Order .......................................................................................1–3
1.1.2 Software Feature Upgrades .................................................................................................................1–3
1.1.3 Future Hardware Options ....................................................................................................................1–3
CHAPTER 2.
INSTALLATION .......................................................................................................................... 2–1
2.1
INSTALLATION REQUIREMENTS.........................................................................................................................2–1
2.2
UNPACKING .................................................................................................................................................2–2
2.2.1 Outdoor Modem (OM20) .....................................................................................................................2–2
2.3
REMOVAL AND ASSEMBLY...............................................................................................................................2–3
2.4
MOUNTING AND WIRING CONSIDERATIONS .......................................................................................................2–4
2.4.1 OM20 Mounting Bracket Instructions..................................................................................................2–5
2.4.2 OM20 General Antenna Post Mount Diagram..................................................................................... 2–6
2.4.3 OM20 General Antenna Post Mount Diagram..................................................................................... 2–7
2.4.4 OM20 Antenna Feed Arm Mount Diagram ..........................................................................................2–8
2.4.5 OM20 with External TWTA Amplifier ...................................................................................................2–9
2.4.6 OM20 Additional Interface Diagrams ................................................................................................2–10
CHAPTER 3.
OM20 INITIAL CONFIGURATION ............................................................................................... 3–1
3.1
OM20 INITIAL CONFIGURATION CHECK ............................................................................................................3–1
3.2
INITIAL CONFIGURATION AND SETUP PROCESS ....................................................................................................3–3
3.2.1 Initial Power-Up and Configuration Verification ..................................................................................3–3
3.2.2 M&C Setup (IP Configuration & RS232 Interface) ................................................................................3–3
3.3
OM20 VERIFICATION TESTING ........................................................................................................................3–4
3.3.1 TX Output Verification Test ..................................................................................................................3–4
3.3.2 RX Input Verification Test.....................................................................................................................3–5
3.4
STORAGE AND RESHIPMENT ............................................................................................................................3–5
CHAPTER 4.
OM20 THEORY OF OPERATION ................................................................................................. 4–1
4.1
OM20 HARDWARE .......................................................................................................................................4–1
4.1.1 OM20 L-Band Printed Circuit Card .......................................................................................................4–2
4.1.2 OM20 Baseband Processing Printed Circuit Card ................................................................................4–3
4.2
OM20 FUNCTIONAL BLOCK DIAGRAM ..............................................................................................................4–4
4.2.1 Baseband Processing ...........................................................................................................................4–4
4.2.2 Tx Baseband Processing .......................................................................................................................4–5
4.2.3 Rx Baseband Processing.......................................................................................................................4–5
4.3
MONITOR & CONTROL (M&C) SUBSYSTEM .......................................................................................................4–6
4.3.1 Terminal Port .......................................................................................................................................4–7
4.3.2 Modem Remote Communications (RLLP) .............................................................................................4–7
4.3.3 Ethernet M&C Port...............................................................................................................................4–7
4.3.4 Modem Monitor Status........................................................................................................................4–8
4.4
ASYNC PORT / ES-ES COMMUNICATIONS ..........................................................................................................4–8
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4.5
INTERNAL CLOCK ...........................................................................................................................................4–8
4.6
LOOPBACK FEATURES (TERRESTRIAL & IF)..........................................................................................................4–8
4.7
CLOCKING OPTIONS .....................................................................................................................................4–12
4.7.1 TX Clock Options ................................................................................................................................4–12
4.7.1.1
4.7.1.2
4.7.2
SCTE: Serial Clock Transmit External ......................................................................................................... 4–13
SCT: Serial Clock Transmit ......................................................................................................................... 4–13
RX Buffer Clock Options .....................................................................................................................4–13
4.7.2.1
4.7.2.2
4.7.2.3
4.7.2.4
4.7.2.5
RX SAT Clock.............................................................................................................................................. 4–14
SCTE: Serial Clock Transmit External ......................................................................................................... 4–14
SCT: Serial Clock Transmit ......................................................................................................................... 4–14
EXT CLK/EXT BNC: ..................................................................................................................................... 4–14
EXT IDI: Insert Data In ............................................................................................................................... 4–14
4.7.3 EXT REF: External Reference, Optional...............................................................................................4–15
4.8
RS422/V.35 INTERFACE J3 (STANDARD OPTION) .............................................................................................4–15
4.8.1 G.703 Interface (Optional) .................................................................................................................4–15
4.8.2 Ethernet Data Interface J4 (Optional) ................................................................................................4–15
4.9
REED-SOLOMON CODEC ...............................................................................................................................4–16
4.9.1 Reed-Solomon Operation in the OM20 ..............................................................................................4–16
4.9.2 Reed-Solomon Code Rate...................................................................................................................4–16
4.9.3 Interleaving ........................................................................................................................................4–16
4.10
DROP AND INSERT (D&I) ..............................................................................................................................4–17
4.11
OM20 AUTOMATIC UPLINK POWER CONTROL (AUPC OPERATION) ....................................................................4–18
4.12
ASYNCHRONOUS OVERHEAD OPERATION J3 (FRAMING/MULTIPLEXER CAPABILITY).................................................4–18
4.13
STANDARD IBS MODE .................................................................................................................................4–19
4.14
ASYNCHRONOUS MULTIPLEXER MODE ...........................................................................................................4–20
4.15
ESC BACKWARD ALARMS .............................................................................................................................4–21
4.15.1
To Disable the ESC Backward Alarms ............................................................................................4–22
4.16
SATELLITE CONTROL CHANNEL (SCC) ..............................................................................................................4–22
4.16.1
SCC Framing Structure ...................................................................................................................4–22
4.16.2
Aggregate Data Rate .....................................................................................................................4–23
4.16.3
Overhead Rate Comparison ...........................................................................................................4–24
4.16.4
Actual Overhead Rate Calculation .................................................................................................4–24
4.16.5
SCC Overhead Channel Setup ........................................................................................................4–25
4.17
EDMAC SATELLITE FRAMING/DEFRAMING MODE ............................................................................................4–27
4.18
LOCATING THE ID CODE OPERATIONAL PROCEDURE...........................................................................................4–27
4.19
STRAP CODES .............................................................................................................................................4–27
CHAPTER 5.
REAR PANEL INTERFACES .......................................................................................................... 5–1
5.1
OM20 EXTERNAL INTERFACE CONNECTIONS ......................................................................................................5–1
5.1.1 Power Input..........................................................................................................................................5–3
5.1.1.1
5.1.1.2
5.1.2
5.1.3
(J3)
5.1.4
5.1.5
5.1.6
5.1.7
5.1.8
5.1.9
5.1.10
AC Power Input (J1) ..................................................................................................................................... 5–3
DC Power Input/Switch (Optional) .............................................................................................................. 5–3
Remote/Terminal/Fault Port (J2) .........................................................................................................5–3
EIA-530 Synchronous Data, ES-ES Asynchronous Overhead Data, and G.703 Balanced Data I/O Port
5–5
ETHERNET DATA/M&C (J4) ..................................................................................................................5–6
Ground Lug (J6) ....................................................................................................................................5–7
RX L-Band IF (J7)...................................................................................................................................5–7
TX L-Band IF (J8) ...................................................................................................................................5–7
Compact Flash Card (J9).......................................................................................................................5–7
SD (J10) (Optional) ...............................................................................................................................5–8
RD (J11) (Optional) ..........................................................................................................................5–8
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5.1.11
5.1.12
5.1.13
LED Indicators ..................................................................................................................................5–8
G.703 Balanced – Connections are available via the J3 connector. Refer to Table 5.4a. ...............5–8
EXT Reference J12 ............................................................................................................................5–8
CHAPTER 6.
WEB BROWSER/REMOTE PROTOCOL........................................................................................ 6–1
6.1
WEB BROWSER USER INTERFACE .....................................................................................................................6–1
6.2
CONFIGURING YOUR PC .................................................................................................................................6–1
6.2.1 Appearance ..........................................................................................................................................6–2
6.2.2 Navigation ...........................................................................................................................................6–3
6.2.3 LED Indicators ......................................................................................................................................6–4
6.3
GUI SCREEN MENUS .....................................................................................................................................6–5
6.3.1 Introduction Menu ...............................................................................................................................6–6
6.3.1.1
6.3.2
6.3.3
Login Screen ................................................................................................................................................ 6–7
Password Setup ....................................................................................................................................6–8
IP and Application Administration .....................................................................................................6–10
6.3.3.1
Modem Addressing ................................................................................................................................... 6–10
6.3.3.2
Configuring Applications ........................................................................................................................... 6–12
Table 6-5. SNMP Parameters........................................................................................................................................ 6–13
6.3.4
Monitor and Control Menu ................................................................................................................6–16
6.3.4.1
6.3.4.2
6.3.4.3
6.3.4.4
6.3.4.5
6.3.4.6
6.3.4.7
Transmit Menu.......................................................................................................................................... 6–16
Receive Menu ........................................................................................................................................... 6–29
Interface Menu ......................................................................................................................................... 6–37
Monitor Menu........................................................................................................................................... 6–44
Alarms Menu ............................................................................................................................................. 6–49
System Menu ............................................................................................................................................ 6–56
Test Menu ................................................................................................................................................. 6–59
6.4
CONFIGURING THE OM20 TO USE THE ETHERNET DATA INTERFACE (OPTIONAL) .....................................................6–60
6.4.1 Ethernet Flow Control ........................................................................................................................6–60
6.4.1.1
6.4.1.2
Half-Duplex Flow Control .......................................................................................................................... 6–60
Full-Duplex Flow Control ........................................................................................................................... 6–61
6.4.2 Packet Statistics .................................................................................................................................6–61
6.5
TERMINAL MODE CONTROL ..........................................................................................................................6–62
6.5.1 Modem Terminal Mode Control.........................................................................................................6–63
6.6
MODEM REMOTE COMMUNICATIONS .............................................................................................................6–63
6.6.1 Host Computer Remote Communications ..........................................................................................6–63
CHAPTER 7.
MAINTENANCE AND TROUBLESHOOTING ................................................................................. 7–1
7.1
PERIODIC MAINTENANCE ................................................................................................................................7–1
7.1.1 Clock Adjustment .................................................................................................................................7–1
7.2
TROUBLESHOOTING .......................................................................................................................................7–1
7.2.1 Alarm Faults .........................................................................................................................................7–2
7.2.1.1
7.2.1.2
7.2.1.3
7.2.1.4
7.2.1.5
7.2.1.6
7.2.2
Major Tx Alarms .......................................................................................................................................... 7–2
Major Rx Alarms .......................................................................................................................................... 7–3
Minor Tx Alarms .......................................................................................................................................... 7–3
Minor Rx Alarms.......................................................................................................................................... 7–4
Drop and Insert Alarms ............................................................................................................................... 7–5
Common Major Alarms ............................................................................................................................... 7–5
Alarm Masks ........................................................................................................................................7–5
7.2.2.1
Active Alarms .............................................................................................................................................. 7–6
7.2.2.1.1 Major Alarms .......................................................................................................................................... 7–6
7.2.2.1.2 Minor Alarms.......................................................................................................................................... 7–6
7.2.2.1.3 Common Equipment Faults .................................................................................................................... 7–6
7.2.2.2
Latched Alarms ........................................................................................................................................... 7–6
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CHAPTER 8.
Revision 5
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TECHNICAL SPECIFICATIONS ..................................................................................................... 8–1
8.1
DATA RATES.................................................................................................................................................8–1
8.2
MODULATOR ...............................................................................................................................................8–1
8.3
DEMODULATOR ............................................................................................................................................8–2
8.4
PLESIOCHRONOUS BUFFER ..............................................................................................................................8–2
8.5
MONITOR AND CONTROL................................................................................................................................8–2
8.6
OM20 DROP AND INSERT (OPTIONAL) .............................................................................................................8–2
8.7
TERRESTRIAL INTERFACES ................................................................................................................................8–3
8.8
IDR/ESC INTERFACE (OPTIONAL) ....................................................................................................................8–3
8.9
ETHERNET DATA INTERFACE ............................................................................................................................8–3
8.10
ENVIRONMENTAL ..........................................................................................................................................8–3
8.11
PHYSICAL .....................................................................................................................................................8–3
8.12
OM20 DATA RATE LIMITS..............................................................................................................................8–3
8.12.1
Non-DVB ..........................................................................................................................................8–3
8.12.2
DVB ..................................................................................................................................................8–5
8.13
OM20 / BER SPECIFICATIONS ........................................................................................................................8–7
8.13.1
BER Performance (Viterbi) ...............................................................................................................8–7
8.13.2
BER Performance (Sequential) .........................................................................................................8–8
8.13.3
BER Performance (Viterbi with Reed-Solomon) ...............................................................................8–9
8.13.4
BER Performance (8PSK Trellis) .....................................................................................................8–10
8.13.5
BER Performance (16QAM Viterbi) ................................................................................................8–11
8.13.6
BER Performance (16QAM Viterbi with Reed-Solomon)................................................................8–12
8.13.7
BER Performance ((O)QPSK Turbo) ................................................................................................8–13
8.13.8
BER Performance (8PSK Turbo) .....................................................................................................8–14
8.13.9
BER Performance (16QAM Turbo) .................................................................................................8–15
8.13.10 Input Level .....................................................................................................................................8–19
APPENDIX A.
PRODUCT OPTIONS ................................................................................................................... A–1
A.1
HARDWARE OPTIONS.................................................................................................................................... A–1
A.1.1 G.703/IDR ESC Interface ..................................................................................................................... A–1
A.1.2 Turbo Card .......................................................................................................................................... A–1
A.1.3 Internal High Stability ......................................................................................................................... A–1
A.1.4 DC Input Prime Power ......................................................................................................................... A–1
A.1.5 Ethernet Data Interface ...................................................................................................................... A–1
A.1.6 Sequential Interface ............................................................................................................................ A–1
A.2
CUSTOMIZED OPTIONS .................................................................................................................................. A–2
APPENDIX B.
B.1
B.2
B.3
B.4
B.5
B.6
B.7
TERMINAL SOFTWARE UPGRADE ..................................................................................................................... B–1
REQUIRED EQUIPMENT ................................................................................................................................. B–1
UPGRADE PROCEDURE .................................................................................................................................. B–1
DEMONSTRATION PROCEDURE ....................................................................................................................... B–3
CANCELING DEMONSTRATION MODE ............................................................................................................... B–4
WEB BROWSER SOFTWARE UPGRADE .............................................................................................................. B–5
MONITOR AND CONTROL............................................................................................................................... B–5
APPENDIX C.
C.1
C.2
C.3
C.4
SOFTWARE UPGRADE PROCEDURE ........................................................................................... B–1
CARRIER CONTROL .................................................................................................................... C–1
STATES ........................................................................................................................................................C–1
CARRIER OFF ................................................................................................................................................C–1
CARRIER ON.................................................................................................................................................C–1
CARRIER AUTO .............................................................................................................................................C–2
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C.5
C.6
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CARRIER VSAT ..............................................................................................................................................C–2
CARRIER RTS ...............................................................................................................................................C–2
APPENDIX D.
QUICK START GUIDE ................................................................................................................. D–1
D.1
INTRODUCTION ............................................................................................................................................ D–1
D.2
REQUIRED ITEMS.......................................................................................................................................... D–1
D.3
WEB INTERFACE SETUP GUIDELINES ................................................................................................................ D–1
D.3.1 Preparing the OM-20 for Web Setup .................................................................................................. D–1
D.4
IP NETWORK CHANGE FROM THE INITIAL WEB SETUP ......................................................................................... D–4
D.4.1 Configuring the modem ...................................................................................................................... D–4
D.4.2 Configuring the Computer .................................................................................................................. D–5
D.5
WEB USERS SETUP AND CONFIGURATIONS CONTROLS OPTIONS........................................................................... D–6
D.5.1 Change Authentication Password ....................................................................................................... D–8
D.5.2 Boot Mode Options (Reference only) .................................................................................................. D–8
APPENDIX E.
DROP & INSERT (D&I) ............................................................................................................... E–1
E.1
DROP AND INSERT (D&I) ................................................................................................................................ E–1
E.2
DROP ONLY ................................................................................................................................................. E–2
E.3
INSERT ONLY ................................................................................................................................................ E–2
E.4
MODE SELECTION ......................................................................................................................................... E–3
E.4.1 PCM-30 ................................................................................................................................................ E–3
E.4.2 PCM-30C .............................................................................................................................................. E–3
E.4.3 PCM-31 ................................................................................................................................................ E–4
E.4.4 PCM-31C .............................................................................................................................................. E–4
E.4.5 T1-D4/T1-D4-S ..................................................................................................................................... E–4
E.4.6 T1-ESF/T1-ESF-S ................................................................................................................................... E–4
E.5
MULTIDESTINATIONAL SYSTEMS....................................................................................................................... E–4
E.6
DROP AND INSERT MAPPING ........................................................................................................................... E–5
E.7
CONFIGURING THE OM20 FOR DROP AND INSERT............................................................................................... E–7
E.7.1 Data Rate ............................................................................................................................................. E–7
E.7.2 Operational Network Specification ...................................................................................................... E–8
E.7.3 Terrestrial Framing - Drop Mode/Insert Mode .................................................................................... E–8
E.7.3.1
Insert Terrestrial Frame Source .................................................................................................................. E–9
E.7.4 D&I Sample Configurations and D&I Clock Setup Options ................................................................... E–9
E.8
D&I MAPS AND MAP EDITING ...................................................................................................................... E–12
APPENDIX F.
EFFICIENT DROP & INSERT (D&I) .............................................................................................. F–1
F.1
INTRODUCTION ............................................................................................................................................. F–1
F.2
PREREQUISITE............................................................................................................................................... F–1
F.3
EFFICIENT DROP & INSERT MODE .................................................................................................................... F–2
F.3.1 Calculating the Required Satellite Bandwidth...................................................................................... F–3
F.3.2 Calculating the Basic Efficient D&I Rate .............................................................................................. F–3
F.3.3 Calculating the Efficient D&I Rate with E1 Signaling ........................................................................... F–3
F.3.4 Calculating the Efficient D&I Rate with Enhanced Asynchronous Overhead ....................................... F–4
APPENDIX G.
STRAP CODES ............................................................................................................................ G–1
G.1
STRAP CODES .............................................................................................................................................. G–1
G.2
SAMPLE APPLICATIONS.................................................................................................................................. G–5
G.2.1 Operational Case Examples ................................................................................................................ G–5
APPENDIX H.
H.1
AUPC OPERATIONS ................................................................................................................... H–1
AUTOMATIC UPLINK POWER CONTROL (AUPC OPERATION) ................................................................................ H–1
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H.1.1
H.1.2
H.1.3
Revision 5
MN-OM20
Radyne AUPC ...................................................................................................................................... H–1
EF AUPC............................................................................................................................................... H–2
Near Side AUPC ................................................................................................................................... H–2
viii
PREFACE
About this Manual
This manual describes the installation and operation for the Radyne OM20. This is a technical
document intended for earth station engineers, technicians, and operators responsible for the
operation and maintenance of the OM20.
Reporting Comments or Suggestions Concerning this Manual
Comments and suggestions regarding the content and design of this manual are appreciated. To
submit comments, please contact the Comtech EF Data Technical Publications department:
TechnicalPublications@comtechefdata.com
Conventions and References
Related Documents
The following documents are referenced in this manual:
• EN300-421 and EN301-210 ETSI
• ETSI EN302-307
Metric Conversion
Metric conversion information is located on the inside back cover of this manual. This information is
provided to assist the operator in cross-referencing non-Metric to Metric conversions.
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OM20 Universal Outdoor Modem
Preface
Revision 5
MN-OM20
Cautions and Warnings
IMPORTANT
CAUTION
IMPORTANT or NOTE indicates a statement associated with the task
being performed or information critical for proper equipment function.
CAUTION indicates a hazardous situation that, if not avoided, may result in
minor or moderate injury. CAUTION may also be used to indicate other
unsafe practices or risks of property damage.
WARNING indicates a potentially hazardous situation that, if not avoided,
could result in death or serious injury.
WARNING
Examples of
Multi-Hazard Formats
Trademarks
Product names mentioned in this manual may be trademarks or registered trademarks of their
respective companies and are hereby acknowledged.
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Preface
Revision 5
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Safety Compliance
EN 60950
Applicable testing is routinely performed as a condition of manufacturing on all units to ensure
compliance with safety requirements of EN60950.This equipment meets the Safety of Information
Technology Equipment specification as defined in EN60950.
Low Voltage Directive (LVD)
The following information is applicable for the European Low Voltage Directive (EN60950):
<HAR>
!
Type of power cord required for use in the European Community.
CAUTION: Double-pole/Neutral Fusing
ACHTUNG: Zweipolige bzw. Neutralleiter-Sicherung
International Symbols:
Symbol
Definition
Symbol
Definition
~
Alternating Current
Protective Earth /
Safety Ground
Fuse
Chassis Ground
For additional symbols, refer to Cautions and Warnings, listed
earlier in this Preface.
NOTE
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OM20 Universal Outdoor Modem
Preface
Revision 5
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Warranty Policy
Comtech EF Data products are warranted against defects in material and
workmanship for a period of two years from the date of shipment. During the
warranty period, Comtech EF Data will, at its option, repair or replace products
that prove to be defective. Repairs are warranted for the remainder of the original
two year warranty, or a 90 day extended warranty, whichever is longer.
For equipment under warranty, the owner is responsible for freight to Comtech EF
Data and all related customs, taxes, tariffs, insurance, etc. Comtech EF Data is
responsible for the freight charges only for return of the equipment from the factory
to the owner. Comtech EF Data will return the equipment by the same method
(i.e., Air, Express, Surface) as the equipment was sent to Comtech EF Data.
All equipment returned for warranty repair must have a valid RMA number issued
prior to return and be marked clearly on the return packaging. Comtech EF Data
strongly recommends all equipment be returned in its original packaging.
Comtech EF Data Corporation’s obligations under this warranty are limited to
repair or replacement of failed parts, and the return shipment to the buyer of the
repaired or replaced parts.
Limitations of Warranty
The warranty does not apply to any part of a product that has been installed,
altered, repaired, or misused in any way that, in the opinion of Comtech EF Data
Corporation, would affect the reliability or detracts from the performance of any
part of the product, or is damaged as the result of use in a way or with equipment
that had not been previously approved by Comtech EF Data Corporation.
The warranty does not apply to any product or parts thereof where the serial number
or the serial number of any of its parts has been altered, defaced, or removed.
The warranty does not cover damage or loss incurred in transportation of the
product.
The warranty does not cover replacement or repair necessitated by loss or
damage from any cause beyond the control of Comtech EF Data Corporation,
such as lightning or other natural and weather related events or wartime
environments.
The warranty does not cover any labor involved in the removal and or
reinstallation of warranted equipment or parts on site, or any labor required to
diagnose the necessity for repair or replacement.
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The warranty excludes any responsibility by Comtech EF Data Corporation for
incidental or consequential damages arising from the use of the equipment or
products, or for any inability to use them either separate from or in combination with
any other equipment or products.
A fixed charge established for each product will be imposed for all equipment
returned for warranty repair where Comtech EF Data Corporation cannot identify
the cause of the reported failure.
Exclusive Remedies
Comtech EF Data Corporation’s warranty, as stated is in lieu of all other
warranties, expressed, implied, or statutory, including those of merchantability
and fitness for a particular purpose. The buyer shall pass on to any purchaser,
lessee, or other user of Comtech EF Data Corporation’s products, the
aforementioned warranty, and shall indemnify and hold harmless Comtech EF
Data Corporation from any claims or liability of such purchaser, lessee, or user
based upon allegations that the buyer, its agents, or employees have made
additional warranties or representations as to product preference or use.
The remedies provided herein are the buyer’s sole and exclusive remedies.
Comtech EF Data shall not be liable for any direct, indirect, special, incidental, or
consequential damages, whether based on contract, tort, or any other legal
theory.
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Customer Support
Contact the Comtech EF Data Customer Support Department for:
•
Product support or training
•
Reporting comments or suggestions concerning manuals
•
Information on upgrading or returning a product
A Customer Support representative may be reached at:
Comtech EF Data
Attention: Customer Support Department
2114 West 7th Street
Tempe, Arizona 85281 USA
480.333.2200 (Main Comtech EF Data number)
480.333.4357 (Customer Support Desk)
480.333.2161 FAX
To return a Comtech EF Data product (in-warranty and out-of-warranty) for repair or replacement:
•
Contact the Comtech EF Data Customer Support Department. Be prepared to supply
the Customer Support representative with the model number, serial number, and a
description of the problem.
•
Request a Return Material Authorization (RMA) number from the Comtech EF Data
Customer Support representative.
•
Pack the product in its original shipping carton/packaging to ensure that the product is
not damaged during shipping.
•
Ship the product back to Comtech EF Data. (Shipping charges should be prepaid.)
Online Customer Support
An RMA number request can be requested electronically by contacting the Customer Support
Department through the online support page at www.comtechefdata.com/support.asp:
•
Click on the “Service” hyperlink, then read the “Return Material Authorization” section
for detailed instructions on our return procedures.
•
Click on the “RMA Request Form” hyperlink, then fill out the form completely before
sending.
•
Send e-mail to the Customer Support Department at service@comtechefdata.com.
For information regarding this product’s warranty policy, refer to the Warranty Policy, p. xxii.
vi
Chapter 1. Introduction
This chapter provides an overview of the OM20 Outdoor Modem. The OM20 system can support
a C-Band with power levels of 2, 5 and 10 watts or Ku-Band with output powers of 2, 4 and 8
watts.
Figure 1.1. Outdoor Modem (OM20) without protective shroud
1.0 Overview
Radyne’s OM20 outdoor modem is based on Radyne’s DMD20/LBST modem product platform.
The Transmit IF output and Receive IF input frequencies of the OM20 are 950 to 2050 MHz.
The modem operates over a data rate range of 2.4 Kbps to 20 Mbps in 1 bps steps including at all
standard IBS and IDR Data rates up to 8.448 Mbps. A full range of Industry Standard Data
Interfaces is available for the OM20. Interface types are selectable from EIA-530 (J3), Ethernet
(J4), optional ITU G.703 (Unbalanced on J10/11, Balanced on J3), and an optional ASI (J10/11).
The OM20 is available with optional feed mounted C or Ku-Band LNB’s for the downlink, and
optional feed mounted 2/4/8 Watt Ku-Band or 5/10 Watt C-Band BUC’s for the uplink.
MN-OM20– Revision 5
1–1
OM20 Universal Outdoor Modem
Introduction
The OM20 supplies DC voltage and 10 MHz reference to the BUC and LNB via the IF Cables.
The output from the TX Port (J8) consists of the L-Band output frequency, high-stability 10 MHz
reference, and an optional 24 or 48 Volts to the BUC. The RX Port I/O (J7) consists of the LBand input frequency (from the LNB), high-stability 10 MHz reference and 13, 15, 18, and 21
volts. The OM20 has the capability to enable and disable the BUC/LNB voltages and 10 MHz
reference.
In addition, monitoring features provide verification of BUC and LNB status. The OM20
monitors both the current and the voltage at the output of the TX and RX Ports, thus allowing the
user to monitor the operating status of BUC and LNB.
Redundancy for the OM20 is supported by the OMS11, Outdoor Modem Switch. OMS11 offers
redundancy for Data and supplies power for switching TX and RX Waveguide switches. For
additional information, refer to TM133 OMS11 Operational Manual.
Radyne’s OM20 Ethernet Graphical User Interface (GUI) offers browser based control of the
OM20, BUC, and LNB with numerous user-friendly GUI programmable functions (see Figure 12). The OM20 GUI provides selectable functions for different services: Intelsat IDR and IBS, as
well as closed networks. All of the configuration and Monitor and Control (M&C) functions are
available using the GUI (Ethernet J4) or is also available using the conventional RS-232/485
terminal port (J2). Operating parameters, such as variable data rates, FEC Code Rate, modulation
type, IF Frequencies, IBS/IDR Framing, and interface type can be readily set and changed by
earth station operations personnel, using either the GUI or terminal interfaces.
Figure 1-2. OM20 Outdoor Modem Upper GUI Screen
1.1
OM20 Configurations
The OM20 can be configured in the following different ways:



Features and options are installed as specified when the unit is ordered from the factory,
Optional software feature upgrades in the future while deployed in the field,
Future hardware options can be installed to a unit that is sent back to a Radyne facility.
MN-OM20– Revision 5
1–2
OM20 Universal Outdoor Modem
Introduction
1.1.1 Features/Options Installed at Time of Order
Features installed at the time of ordering are the options pre-installed/initialized in the factory
prior to shipment. Features and options can be reviewed from the GUI or remote port of the
OM20. Refer to Section 4, “User Interfaces” for information on how to view these features.
Factory installed options are chassis and board configurations that are introduced during
manufacture. These options include (Options are subject to change):
















Input Power: AC 2-5 W BUC (24VDC), AC 8-10W BUC (48 VDC),
Input Power: DC 2-5 W BUC (24VDC), DC 8-10W BUC (48 VDC)
Data Rate: 5 Mbps (standard), optional 10, 20 Mbps
Interface: EIA-530 (standard), Optional Ethernet, G.703, ASI
M&C Interface – SNMP Ethernet/Web Browser – RS485, RS232
Viterbi Codec (standard), Optional Sequential Codec
Optional Custom Reed Solomon
Optional IBS, IDR, Drop and Insert
Optional External Reference Input Connector
Modulation: BPSK, QPSK, OQPSK (standard), Optional 8PSK, 16 QAM
Optional Turbo, 5Mbps, 20Mbps
Sequential Codec, and custom programmable Reed Solomon.
Optional OM73
Optional DVB
Optional Cable, Waveguide, Mounting Kits
M&C Interface – SNMP, Ethernet/Web Browser, RS485, RS232
1.1.2 Software Feature Upgrades
Software Feature Upgrades are a simple and quick way of changing the feature set of an installed
modem. Feature upgrades are how most OM20 options are implemented. Features may be
purchased at any time by contacting a Radyne Corp. salesperson. Refer to Appendix B for
information on how upgrade features.
1.1.3 Future Hardware Options
Hardware options (Refer to Appendix A) are purchased parts that can only be installed at a
Comtech Facility. Please contact the Comtech EF Data Customer Service Department for
information not limited to availability and to shipping costs.
Only authorized service personnel should handle and install
optional hardware options.
MN-OM20– Revision 5
1–3
OM20 Universal Outdoor Modem
Introduction
Notes:
MN-OM20– Revision 5
1–4
Chapter 2. Installation
This document provides unpacking and installation instructions, and a description of external
connections.
2.1
Installation Requirements
The OM20 is designed to be easily installed on antenna offset feed struts or king posts. It requires
standard uni-strut type hardware (or comparable) and 3/8-16 bolts. Standard mounting brackets
and hardware are included with the OM20. Optional Transmit and Receive coaxial cable or
waveguide can be provided from the factory if requested and specified. If installing the OMS11
redundancy switch with the OM20, refer to the operational manual, TM133 Outdoor Modem
Switch for mounting requirements. Mating Connectors for Power (J1), Remote RS232/485/Fault
(J2), EIA-530/G703 Balanced data (J3), and Ethernet (J4) interface connections are supplied
standard with the unit. Use of an extended temperature CAT-5 cable such as Belden 7923A is
recommended for the Ethernet Data/M&C interface.
WARNING
There are no user-serviceable parts or configuration settings located inside
the OM20 Chassis. There is a potential shock hazard internally at the power
supply modules. DO NOT open the OM20 Chassis under any circumstances.
CAUTION
Before initially applying power to the unit, it is a good idea to disconnect the
transmit output from the operating ground station equipment and terminate
it into an applicable load. This is especially true if the current OM20
configuration settings are unknown, where incorrect settings could disrupt
existing communications traffic.
MN-OM20– Revision 5
2–1
OM20 Universal Outdoor Modem
Installation
CAUTION
The OM20 contains a Lithium Battery. DANGER OF EXPLOSION exists if
the battery is incorrectly replaced. Replace only with the same or equivalent
type recommended by the manufacturer. Dispose of used batteries in
accordance with local and national regulations.
2.2
Unpacking
2.2.1 Outdoor Modem (OM20)
The OM20 Universal Outdoor Modem is carefully packaged at the factory to avoid damage and
should arrive complete with the following items for proper installation:








OM20 Universal Outdoor Modem
Power Mating connector (J1)
Mating Ethernet connector (J4)
Mating connectors for 18 pin (J2 M&C)
38 pin (J3 EIA-530) connectors
Installation Brackets
OM20 Manual on CD
Default Plug (J2)
Figure 2.1. OM20 with protective shroud
MN-OM20– Revision 5
2–2
OM20 Universal Outdoor Modem
2.3
Installation
Removal and Assembly
The Standard OM20 is shipped in a single box that contains mating connectors. Carefully unpack
the unit and ensure that all of the above items are in the carton. The standard OM20 power supply
is designed for universal AC (95-250VAC, 50/60 Hz) application and is capable of supplying DC
power to the BUC and LNB. See the specification section of this document for appropriate
voltages and currents. Optionally, a -48VDC power supply may be specified for the unit.
CAUTION
Always ensure that power is removed from the OM20 before removing or
installing the BUC or LNB. Failure to do so may cause damage to the
equipment.
Figure 2.2. OM 20 Front Interconnects
MN-OM20– Revision 5
2–3
OM20 Universal Outdoor Modem
Installation
Figure 2.2a. OM 20 Rear Interconnects (cont)
2.4
Mounting and Wiring Considerations
The OM20 should be mounted with the BUC higher than the OM20 with the interconnecting
communication cabling and power cords at the lowest possible position. Unit weight and
cable/waveguide length should be considered when selecting the mounting location
The following diagrams should be used as a reference to the various mounting options. The
OM20 should not be placed immediately above a high-heat or EMI (Electro-Magnetic
Interference) source to ensure the output signal integrity and proper receive operation. Figures
2-3 through 2-11 illustrate the different interconnect and data interface configurations for the
OM20.
MONITOR AND
CONTROL
SYSTEM
PRIME POWER
110/220 VAC
50/60 Hz
OM - 20
3P
J1 AC POWER
18P
J 2 232 /485 M&C/ TERMINAL
TX OUTPUT J 8
EIA- 530
DATA/ M&C
38P
J 3 EIA -530 INTERFACE
RJ45
J4 ETHERNET DATA /M& C
BNC
J10 SD (DDI )
BNC J 11 RD (IDO )
N
TXRF L-BAND
950 – 2050 MHz
10 MHz/+24VDC
TO BUC/SSPA
RX INPUT
J7
N
ETHERNET
ROUTER
DATA/M&C
UNBALANCED
G.703 DATA I/ O
RXRF L- BAND
950 – 2050 MHz
+18VDC
FROM LNB
Figure 2-3. Outdoor Modem (OM) Interconnect Diagram
MN-OM20– Revision 5
2–4
OM20 Universal Outdoor Modem
Installation
2.4.1 OM20 Mounting Bracket Instructions
Mount the OM20 to the desired location at the antenna using the supplied brackets. Each
brackets has two threaded holes 3/8 x 16 as shown in Figure 2-4 below.
Figure 2.4. OM20 Mounting Brackets
MN-OM20– Revision 5
2–5
OM20 Universal Outdoor Modem
Installation
2.4.2 OM20 General Antenna Post Mount Diagram
The OM20 and BUC can be mounted vertically on the antenna King post. This is the preferred
method of mounting on smaller diameter antenna systems where sufficient support of the feed
boom arm is not available.
RX IF
L
N
B
OMT
TX
BUC/SSPA
TX IF IN
TX RF OUT
TX OUT
J7
RX INPUT
OM -20
RF
TX RF
N
RXIF L-BAND
950 – 2050 MHz
+18VDC
RJ45 J4 ENET I/O
18P J2 M&C I/O
IFL
DATA/M&C
INTERFACE
INDOOR
ENET DATA/M&C I/O
M&C I/O
EIA- 530 DATA/M&C I/O
G.703 DATA TX
38P J3 DATA I/O
OUTDOOR
G.703
DATA I/O
J10 J 11
BNC BNC
AC PWR
J1
3P
AC
PWR
G.703 DATA RX
Figure 2-5. OM20 Antenna Post Mount
MN-OM20– Revision 5
2–6
OM20 Universal Outdoor Modem
Installation
2.4.3 OM20 General Antenna Post Mount Diagram
The OM20 can be mounted on the antenna King post and the BUC on the offset feed arm.
System is shown with the Ethernet interface allowing for Data and M&C functions.
RX IF
L
N
B
OMT
TX
BU
X I
T
PA
SS
C/
TX
RF
O
RF
UT
N
F I
TXIF L - BAND
950 – 2050 MHz
10 MHz /+ 24 VDC
RXIF L - BAND
950 – 2050 MHz
SMA
J8
J7
TX OUT
RX INPUT
OM 20
E - NET DATA
RJ 45
E - NET M
J 4 ENET I
N
+ 18 VDC
/O
&C
J 2 M & C I /O
J 3 DATA I
IFL
DATA/M&C
INTERFACE
ENET DATA
/O
G . 703
INDOOR
/M & C I /O
OUTDOOR
DATA I
J 10
/O
J 11
AC PWR
J 1
3 P
AC
PWR
Figure 2-6. OM20 Antenna Post Mount, BUC Feed Arm Mount, Ethernet Interface
MN-OM20– Revision 5
2–7
OM20 Universal Outdoor Modem
Installation
2.4.4 OM20 Antenna Feed Arm Mount Diagram
The OM20 can be mounted horizontally on the Antenna Feed arm. This is the preferred method
of mounting on larger diameter antenna systems where sufficient support and weight handling
characteristics of the antenna offset feed arm is available.
RX
L
N
B
OMT
RF
TX
45
RJ
N
PA
TI
NE C/SS
EBU
N
I
AC
T
OU
TX X IN
R
D
AN z
-B MH
FL 0
RXI – 205DC
0 18V
5
9 +
E-NET DATA
E- NET M&C
IFL
DATA/M&C
INTERFACE
ENET DATA/M&C I/O
INDOOR
OUTDOOR
AC
PWR
`
Figure 2-7. OM20 Feed Arm Mount, Ethernet Interface
MN-OM20– Revision 5
2–8
OM20 Universal Outdoor Modem
Installation
2.4.5 OM20 with External TWTA Amplifier
The OM20 can be used as a driver for an external SSPA/TWTA High Power Amplifier for
systems requiring higher output RF Power Levels.
RX IF
L
N
B
OMT
TX
RF
T X IN
TW TA
TX OUT
A C IN
OM- 20
BUC / SSPA
J7
RX INPUT
TX OUT
E - NET DATA
TX RF
TX RF OUT
TX IF IN
RXIF L - BAND
950 – 2050 MHz
N
+ 18 VDC
OM- 20
RJ 45
J 4 ENET I
/O
E - NET M & C
J 2 M & C I /O
IFL
DATA /M & C
INTERFACE
INDOOR
J 3 DATA I
OUTDOOR
/O
G . 703
DATA I / O
J 10
J 11
AC PWR
J1
3P
ENET DATA
/M & C I /O
AC
PWR
Figure 2-8. OM20 with High Power Amplifier, Ethernet Interface
MN-OM20– Revision 5
2–9
OM20 Universal Outdoor Modem
Installation
2.4.6 OM20 Additional Interface Diagrams
RX IF
L
N
B
OMT
TX
RF
T
PA
OU
SS
RF
C/
TX
BU
IN
IF
TX
TXIF L- BAND
950 – 2050 MHz
10 MHz/+24 VDC
SMA
J8
TX OUT
J7
RX INPUT
RXIF L- BAND
950 – 2050 MHz
+ 18VDC
N
OM- 20
J4 ENET I/O
M&C
38 P J 3 DATA I/O
IFL
DATA/M&C
INTERFACE
INDOOR
18 P J2 M&C I/O
G. 703
DATA I/O
J 10 J 11
OUTDOOR
AC PWR
J1
3P
AC
PWR
M&C I/O
EIA-530 DATA I/O
EIA-530 DATA/M&C I/O
Figure 2-9. OM20 EIA-530 Interface
RX IF
L
N
B
OMT
TX
A
SP
/S
UC
B
RF
TX
RF
T
OU
IN
IF
TX
TXIF L- BAND
950 – 2050 MHz
10 MHz/+24 VDC
SMA
J8
TX OUT
J7
RX INPUT
OM- 20
N
RXIF L- BAND
950 – 2050 MHz
+ 18 VDC
J4 ENET I/O
M&C
J 3 DATA I/ O
IFL
DATA/M&C
INTERFACE
INDOOR
18 P J2 M&C I/O
OUTDOOR
G .703
DATA I/O
J 10 J 11
BNC BNC
ENET DATA /M&C I/O
M&C I/ O
EIA-530 DATA/M&C I/O
G.703 DATA TX
G.703 DATA RX
AC PWR
J1
3P
AC
PWR
G .703 DATA IN
G .703 DATA OUT
Figure 2-10. OM20 G.703 Interface
MN-OM20– Revision 5
2–10
OM20 Universal Outdoor Modem
Installation
RX IF
L
N
B
OMT
RF
TX
T
PA
OU
SS
RF
C/
TX
BU
IN
IF
TX
TXIF L- BAND
950 – 2050 MHz
10 MHz/+24 VDC
SMA
J8
TX OUT
J7
RX INPUT
OM- 20
N
RXIF L- BAND
950 – 2050 MHz
+ 18VDC
J4 ENET I/O
M&C
J 3 DATA I/O
IFL
DATA/M&C
INTERFACE
INDOOR
18 P J2 M&C I/O
ASI
DATA I/O
J 10 J 11
BNC BNC
OUTDOOR
ENET DATA/M&C I/O
M&C I/ O
EIA-530 DATA/M&C I/O
ASI DATA TX
ASI DATA RX
AC PWR
J1
3P
AC
PWR
ASI DATA IN
ASI DATA OUT
Figure 2-11. OM20 ASI Interface
MN-OM20– Revision 5
2–11
OM20 Universal Outdoor Modem
Installation
Notes:
MN-OM20– Revision 5
2–12
Chapter 3. OM20 Initial Configuration
3.1
OM20 Initial Configuration Check
The OM20 is shipped from the factory with preset factory defaults. Upon initial power-up, a user
check should be performed to verify the shipped modem configuration.
CAUTION
The correct OM20 Interface Type (V.35, RS-422, RS-232, G.703, etc.) MUST
be selected BEFORE the mating connectors are installed. Failure to do so may
cause damage to the OM20. Power up the OM20, select the appropriate
interface type, and then install the data mating connector.
IMPORTANT
Implementing Strap Code 26 can set the following modem configuration.
Refer to Table G-1 in Appendix G for an explanation and tabular listing of
available Strap Codes. The Frequency and Modulator Output Power are set
independently of the strap code.
MN-OM20– Revision 5
3–1
OM20 Universal Outdoor Modem
OM20 Initial Configuration
Standard OM20 Factory Default Configuration Settings
Modulator:
Data Rate:
2.048 Mbps
Mode:
Closed Network
Satellite Framing:
None
Scrambler:
V.35 (IESS)
Drop and Insert:
Disabled
Inner FEC:
1/2 Rate Viterbi
Outer FEC:
Disabled
Modulation:
QPSK
Frequency:
1350 MHz
Modulator Output Power:
-20 dBm
Demodulator:
Data Rate:
Mode:
Satellite Framing:
Descrambler:
Drop and Insert:
Inner FEC:
Outer FEC:
Modulation:
2.048 Mbps
Closed Network
None
V.35 (IESS)
Disabled
1/2 Rate Viterbi
Disabled
QPSK
Frequency:
1350 MHz
Interface:
The default will vary depending on the interface type
Ethernet:
IP Address Mask:
Modem IP Address:
Server IP Address:
Router IP Address:
255.000.000.000
010.000.000.001
010.001.001.001
010.000.001.001
IMPORTANT
IP M&C Default Reset
If the unit should lockup or lose communication during the initialization
process, the unit remote interface can be reset using the supplied reset
mating connector. By installing the connector on J2 and cycling power, the
unit communication parameters will be reset to the factory test settings.
Refer to section D for Quick Set-Up Guide
To lock up the modem with an internal loopback feature, enter ‘IF Loopback Enable’ under the
Test Menu.
MN-OM20– Revision 5
3–2
OM20 Universal Outdoor Modem
3.2
OM20 Initial Configuration
Initial Configuration and Setup Process
The following descriptions assume that the OM20 is installed in a suitable location with prime
AC power and supporting equipment available.
CAUTION
Before initial power up of the OM20, it is a good idea to disconnect the
transmit output from the operating ground station equipment and terminate
the port into a properly sized load. This is especially true if the current
Modulator Configuration Settings are unknown, where incorrect settings
could disrupt the existing communications traffic. New units from the
factory are normally shipped in a default configuration which includes
setting the transmit carrier off.
3.2.1 Initial Power-Up and Configuration Verification
Turn on the unit by connecting the power cable to J1 of the OM20 and plugging the power cord
into the appropriate AC Mains power source. Upon initial and subsequent power-ups, the OM20
Microprocessor will test itself and several of its components before beginning its Main
Monitor/Control Prog. Upon successful completion of the powerup, the LED’s on the front of the
unit will be Green. If a failure is detected, the Fault LED will illuminate on the web browser
interface and on the front Status LED.
3.2.2 M&C Setup (IP Configuration & RS232 Interface)
Connect an Ethernet cable between the unit and a computer that has web browser capability.
Access the browser and enter the default web address for the unit. Refer to Section 6 for a
complete description of the GUI Interface operation and parameters. The factory set defaults for
the Ethernet port Browser are:
IP Address Mask:
255.000.000.000
Modem IP Address:
010.000.000.001
Server IP Address:
010.001.001.001
Router IP Address:
010.000.001.001
The initial field checkout of the modem can also be accomplished from the Terminal Mode. The
Terminal Mode has the advantage of providing full screen access to all of the modem’s
parameters, but requires a separate terminal or computer running a Terminal Program such as
Hyper-terminal and connection to the applicable pins on the unit M&C connector J2. The
recommended terminal setup is as follows (These settings can be changed via the Web Browser):
Emulation Type:
Baud Rate:
Data Bits:
Parity:
MN-OM20– Revision 5
VT-100
19.2 K
8
No Parity (Fixed)
3–3
OM20 Universal Outdoor Modem
OM20 Initial Configuration
IMPORTANT
Resetting IP Address & Terminal to Default/Reset Mode
If the unit should lockup or lose communication during the initialization
process, the unit remote interface can be reset using the supplied reset
mating connector. By installing the connector on J2 and cycling power, the
unit communication parameters will be reset to the factory test settings.
Refer to Section D for Quick Set-Up Guide.
3.3
OM20 Verification Testing
This Section assumes that the operator of the OM20 has sufficient knowledge of satellite system
operation to perform the verification tests. The use and/or tuning of the associated antenna
should be conducted in a safe manor and per the antenna manufactures guidelines. Precautions
should be taken as to not damage the OM20 and/or test/operational equipment that are connected
together. The brief testing described below is to verify the OM20 operation and does not
constitute operational testing over the Satellite. Refer to the Satellite Providers system
requirements and contact the Satellite Provider prior to radiating the system on any satellite.
Ensure that all operational parameters are correctly set to the system specification in the OM20.
Refer to Section 4 of this document for further information on the OM20 Setup parameters.
3.3.1 TX Output Verification Test
Connect a Spectrum Analyzer to the TXRF output of the OM20. Verify that the modulator and
TX interface parameters of the OM20 are correctly set. Enable the modulator output. Verify that
the output frequency, symbol rate, and power level match the system setup parameters.
CAUTION
DC Voltage and/or High microwave energy may be present on the output
connector.
MN-OM20– Revision 5
3–4
OM20 Universal Outdoor Modem
OM20 Initial Configuration
3.3.2 RX Input Verification Test
Connect a Spectrum Analyzer and Bias-T to the RXRF L-Band Output of the LNB. Ensure that
the Antenna is correctly tuned and that the carrier of interest is visible and that the frequency and
power level is correct. Verify that all the receive parameters of the OM20 are correct. Remove
the LNB coax cable from the Bias-T and connect to the RX L-Band input port J7 on the OM20.
Enable the correct DC Bias Voltage for the LNB from the OM20 Browser. Verify that the OM20
receiver locks to the carrier of interest.
CAUTION
DC Voltage may be present on the output connector.
3.4
Storage and Reshipment
It is recommended that the unit be stored or reshipped in its original sealed packing. The unit
should be stored in a dry location where the temperature is stable, away from direct contact with
rain, snow, wind, sun, or anything that may cause damage.
MN-OM20– Revision 5
3–5
OM20 Universal Outdoor Modem
OM20 Initial Configuration
Notes:
MN-OM20– Revision 5
3–6
Chapter 4. OM20 Theory of Operation
4.1
OM20 Hardware
The OM20 Outdoor Modem is based on the DMD20 Modem product platform that consists of a
two printed circuit card (minimum configuration) design with additional optioned printed circuit
cards available for additional features. The minimum configuration consists of an L-Band/IF
Assembly and a Digital Baseband Assembly. The optional printed circuit cards include a Turbo
Codec printed circuit card and one of several types of Interface printed circuit card (Refer to
Appendix A). A block diagram of the OM20 is shown in Figure 4.1.
Figure 4-1. OM20 Block Diagram
MN-OM20– Revision 5
4–1
OM20 Universal Outdoor Modem
OM20 Theory of Operation
4.1.1 OM20 L-Band Printed Circuit Card
The L-Band Printed Circuit Card consists of an analog modulation function, an analog complex
downconversion, and two wide-band digital synthesizers. The block diagram of the L-Band
Assembly is shown in Figure 4-2.
In the modulator, analog in-phase (I) and quadrature (Q) signals are generated on the Digital
Baseband Printed Circuit Card, routed to the L-Band/IF Printed Circuit Card, and modulated at
the desired frequency. The L-Band modulated signal is then passed through a microprocessor
controlled variable attenuator providing gain control of the output signal.
L-Band
TxLB
Coupler
In the complex downconverter, the signal for demodulation is amplified and sent through a
variable wideband attenuator for AGC. The gain-controlled signal is then passed through a
complex downconverter to a low IF.
DCSA
PDA
Analog I
I AA
Filter
Analog I Inv.
Q AA
Filter
Analog Q Inv.
Quadrature
Modulator
Analog Q
IF Board Connector (40-Pin Header)
L-Band
Synthesizer
(950-1750)
L-Band
Synthesizer
(950-1750)
Demodulator I
L-Band
RxLB
Switch
Quadrature
Demodulator
Demodulator I Inv.
Demodulator Q
Demodulator Q Inv.
AGC
Figure 4-2. L-Band Card Block Diagram
MN-OM20– Revision 5
4–2
OM20 Universal Outdoor Modem
OM20 Theory of Operation
4.1.2 OM20 Baseband Processing Printed Circuit Card
The advent of million-plus gate count FPGAs, advanced logic synthesis tools, and DSPs
providing hundreds of MIPs enabled the design of a software configurable modem. Large, fast
FPGAs now provide designers with what is essentially an on the fly programmable ASIC. High
speed, complex digital logic functions that previously could only be implemented in dedicated
integrated circuits are now downloaded from a micro-controller through a serial or peripheral
interface. When a new digital logic function is needed, a new configuration file is loaded into the
FPGA. There is no limit to the number of digital logic configurations available to the FPGA,
aside from the amount of Flash memory available to the system microprocessor for storage of
configuration files.
The OM20 Baseband Processing Printed Circuit Card provides a flexible architecture that allows
many different modes of terrestrial and satellite framing, various FEC options, digital voice
processing, and several different modulation/demodulation formats. Also included on the
Baseband Printed Circuit Card are three synchronous interfaces on a 25-pin interface supporting
RS-422, V.35, and RS-232 data. All three interfaces are provided on the same connector (J3),
and are selectable from the terminal or Ethernet ports. Additionally, data may be passed through
the Ethernet port (J4). Ensure that the correct interface is selected in the unit prior to connecting
to the data interface. Refer to Section 4 for further information on the data interface selection
parameters and programming.
The Baseband Printed Circuit Card also contains the Monitor and Control (M&C) Circuitry
responsible for:








Programmable part setup and initialization
Continuous control and adjustment of some functions
Calibration
Monitoring fault status
Calculating and displaying measurements
Calculations
User monitor and control interface including front panel and remote
Unit’s configuration and feature set
The M&C System is based on a powerful microprocessor with a large amount of Flash memory.
Several bus architectures are used to interconnect the M&C to all components of the OM20.
Communications to the outside world is done via connections to the remote/terminal/alarm port
(J2), or the Ethernet port (J4), and alarm ports. The M&C runs off of software programmed into
its Flash memory. The memory can be reprogrammed via the Ethernet port to facilitate changes
in software.
MN-OM20– Revision 5
4–3
OM20 Universal Outdoor Modem
4.2
OM20 Theory of Operation
OM20 Functional Block Diagram
Figure 4-3 represents the OM20 Functional Blocks. The modem is shown in a typical application
with customer data, TX/RX RF equipment, and antenna I/O.
Figure 4-3. OM20 Outdoor Modem Functional Block Diagram
4.2.1 Baseband Processing
The Baseband Processor performs all of the functions required for an IBS/IDR Framing Unit, a
Reed-Solomon Codec, and an E1/T1 Drop and Insert System. In addition, the Baseband
Processing Section provides for transmit clock selection and rate adaptation as well as a rate
adapter and Plesiochronous/Doppler (PD) Buffer in the receive direction. A multiplexer is also
provided for the SCT Clock Source for Loop Timing Applications. The transmit and receive
paths may be configured independently under processor control.
MN-OM20– Revision 5
4–4
OM20 Universal Outdoor Modem
OM20 Theory of Operation
4.2.2 Tx Baseband Processing
The Tx Data and Clock enters the Baseband Processor, passes through a Rate Adapting FIFO,
and enters the Framer/Drop Processor. In Closed-Net Mode, the data passes through the Framer
unaltered. In IDR, IBS, and D&I Modes, the framer adds the appropriate framing and ESC as
defined in IESS-308 and 309. In D&I Mode, the framer acquires the terrestrial framing structure,
E1 or T1, and synchronizes the Drop Processor. The Drop Processor extracts the desired time
slots from the terrestrial data stream and feeds these channels back to the framer. The framer then
places the ‘dropped’ terrestrial time slots into the desired satellite channel slots. The data is then
sent to the Reed-Solomon Encoder.
The Reed-Solomon Encoder encodes the data into Reed-Solomon Blocks. The blocks are then
interleaved and synchronized to the frame pattern as defined by the selected specification (IESS308, IESS-309, DVB, etc.). After Reed-Solomon Encoding, the composite data and clock are
applied to the Baseband Loopback Circuit.
4.2.3 Rx Baseband Processing
The Receive Processor performs the inverse function of the Tx Processor. Data received from the
satellite passes through the Baseband Loopback Circuit to the Reed-Solomon Decoder to the
Deframer. The Deframer acquires the IBS/IDR/DVB frame, synchronizes the Reed-Solomon
Decoder and extracts the received data and overhead from the frame structure, placing the data
into the PD Buffer, sending the overhead data to the UIM. In Closed-Net Mode, the data is
extracted from the buffer and is sent to the UIM. Backward Alarm indications are sent to the
M&C Subsystem. In Drop and Insert Mode, the Insert Processor synchronizes to the incoming
terrestrial T1/E1 Data Stream, extracts satellite channels from the PD Buffer, and then inserts
them into the desired terrestrial time slots in the T1/E1 Data Stream.
MN-OM20– Revision 5
4–5
OM20 Universal Outdoor Modem
4.3
OM20 Theory of Operation
Monitor & Control (M&C) Subsystem
The modems M&C system is connected to most of the circuitry on any board contained in the
modem. These connections provide status on the working condition of the circuitry as well as
providing the data required for the various measurements the modem provides. The M&C
processes this information and generates status indications as well as alarms when necessary.
Detailed status information is available via the modems various user interfaces including the
remote and terminal ports. An external summary fault is available on the RS422 Data interface
The M&C contains a high-performance microprocessor and is responsible for overall command
and control of modem functions. The M&C is constantly monitoring all subsystems of the
modem by performing a periodic poll routine and configures the modem by responding to
commands input to the system. During each poll cycle, the status of each of the subsystems is
collected and reported to each of the external ports. Performance statistics such as Eb/No, buffer
fill %, etc. are compiled. If faults are detected, the M&C will take appropriate actions to
minimize the effect of such faults on the system.
The modem supports the following M&C protocols:




MN-OM20– Revision 5
Terminal Interface (Section 4.2.1)
Remote Port Interface (RLLP) (Section 4.2.2)
Ethernet M&C, Web Browser & SNMP (Section 4.2.3)
Modem Status, Alarms & Contact Closures (Section 4.2.4)
4–6
OM20 Universal Outdoor Modem
OM20 Theory of Operation
4.3.1 Terminal Port
This port supports an asynchronous control protocol as described in Section 4. It is configured to
support RS-232 signal levels. This port is intended for use in computer-based remote M&C. All
functions of the modem may be monitored and controlled from this port via a common terminal
connected to the Terminal Port. This function is front panel selectable.
The Terminal Mode Control allows the use of an external terminal or computer to monitor and
control the modem from a full screen interactive presentation operated by the modem itself. No
external software is required other than VT-100 Terminal Emulation Software (e.g. “Procomm”
for a computer when used as a terminal. The Control Port is normally used as an RS–232
Connection to the terminal device. The RS-232 operating parameters can be set using the modem
Front Panel and stored in Non-volatile memory for future use.
Refer to the Remote Protocol Manual (TM117) for the Terminal, Remote and
SNMP screens and protocols.
4.3.2 Modem Remote Communications (RLLP)
The Remote Port located on J20 allows for control and monitoring of parameters and functions
via an RS-232 Serial Interface, or RS-485 for RLLP Protocol. ‘Equipment Remote Mode’ setup
can be entered from the front panel or the Web Browser interface under the “System” menu. This
requires the user to first set the Remote Port Control to “Remote” then set the Multidrop Address
as needed followed by setting the Remote Interface to RS232 or RS485.
Control and status messages are conveyed between the modem and all subsidiary modems and the
host computer using packetized message blocks in accordance with a proprietary communications
specification. This communication is handled by the Radyne Link Level Protocol (RLLP), which
serves as a protocol ‘wrapper’ for the RM&C data. Complete information on monitor and control
software is contained in the following sections.
4.3.3 Ethernet M&C Port
This port is dedicated for Ethernet Communications supporting SNMP, FTP and Web Browser.
The port is configured for 10 Base-T communications protocols. The Ethernet M&C Interface
requires a standard RJ45 Male connector. Refer to Appendix E and F for proper setup of the
TCP-IP interface and Web Browser Setup.
MN-OM20– Revision 5
4–7
OM20 Universal Outdoor Modem
OM20 Theory of Operation
4.3.4 Modem Monitor Status
The modems M&C system is connected to most of the circuitry on any board contained in the
chassis. These connections provide status on the working condition of the circuitry as well as
providing the data required for the various measurements the modem provides. The M&C
processes this information and generates status indications as well as alarms when necessary.
Detailed status information is available via the modems various user interfaces (Web browser,
remote and terminal). A summary of this information can be connected to external equipment,
switches or alarms via the open collector and/or form-C fault connections
Form-C Contacts:
Two Form-C Relays under processor control are available on the OM20 connector J2
Mod Fault:
De-energized when any transmit side fault is detected.
Demod Fault:
De-energized when any receive side fault is detected.
Two Open Collector Faults are available on the OM20 connector J3 pins 10 &16
Mod Fault:
Will sink up to 20 ma (maximum) until a transmit or common
fault is detected. Will not sink current if a fault is detected.
Demod Fault:
Will sink up to 20 ma (maximum) until a receive or common
fault is detected. Will not sink current if a fault is detected.
The open collector faults are intended for use in redundancy switch applications in order to
provide quick status indications.
4.4
Async Port / ES-ES Communications
This port is dedicated for ES-ES Communications supported by either RS232 or RS485 signal
levels. The baud rate and protocol can be selected from the Front Panel. The port may be
configured for a number of communications protocols. Overhead data to/from the UIM is routed
to/from the framer/deframer. This port is also used by SCC Framing for the in-band data.
4.5
Internal Clock
The time and date is kept in order to ‘time-tag’ system events. User can change the Internal
Clock via the front panel, Web Browser or Terminal ports.
4.6
Loopback Features (Terrestrial & IF)
The modem provides for a number of different loopbacks. The Loopback supported are:


IF Loopback – Tx IF port is looped back to the Rx IF port
TX Terrestrial Loopback - Tx Data port is looped back to the Rx Data port after the
interface driver/receiver. (prior to the framing unit)
MN-OM20– Revision 5
4–8
OM20 Universal Outdoor Modem
OM20 Theory of Operation

TX Baseband Loopback - Tx Data port is looped back to the Rx Data port after the
interface driver/receiver. (after the framing unit)

RX Terrestrial Loopback - Receive Data from the satellite is looped back for retransmission
to the satellite, providing a far end loopback. (prior to the framing
unit)

RX Baseband Loopback - Receive Data from the satellite is looped back for retransmission
to the satellite, providing a far end loopback. (after to framing unit)

TX/RX Terrestrial Loopback - provides both Terrestrial loopbacks simultaneously

TX/RX Baseband Loopback - provides both Baseband loopbacks simultaneously
Usage of the modems loopback capabilities in conjunction with the Ethernet
data interface can produce undesirable network loops. In order to run any
type of data test with an Ethernet interface you must utilize two modems
connected back to back. Simply using one modem and a loopback will not
produce the desired results.
MN-OM20– Revision 5
4–9
OM20 Universal Outdoor Modem
OM20 Theory of Operation
Figure 4-4. Loopback Functional Block Diagram
MN-OM20– Revision 5
4–10
OM20 Universal Outdoor Modem
OM20 Theory of Operation
Figure 4-5. Loopback Functional Block Diagram
Figure 4-6. Loopback Functional Block Diagram
MN-OM20– Revision 5
4–11
OM20 Universal Outdoor Modem
4.7
OM20 Theory of Operation
Clocking Options
The modem supports a number of different clocking options that can be recovered from the
satellite or the terrestrial links. The various clocking options allow users to determine which
clock will best fit their applications. Figure 4-7 gives an overview on how the modem processes
the various clocks for the Tx Clock source and the Rx Buffer Clock source. Tx and Rx Clocks
may be independently locked.
INVERT NONE
INV . TERR &BASE
INV . BASEBAND
INV . TERR DATA
SD
J3
DATA POLARITY
TT
CLOCK &
DATA
SCTE
ST
SCT
Tx CLK
SRC
MODULATION
CLK POL
NORMAL
INVERTED
HIGH STABILITY
High Stability
Oscillator
REF FREQ INTERNAL
SRC
SCR
AUTO
SCT CLK
SRC
TRANSMIT
RECEIVE
CLOCK
RECOVERY
NORMAL
INVERTED
IDI
RT
J3
BUFFER CLK POL
BUFFER CLK
SRC
SCT
SCTE
RX SAT
CLOCK & DATA
RECOVERY
RD
DEMODULATION
DATA POLARITY
INVERT NONE
INV . TERR & BASE
INV . BASEBAND
INV . TERR DATA
Figure 4-7. Clocking and Polarity Diagram
4.7.1 TX Clock Options
TX clock options can be recovered from the terrestrial interface, satellite interface or internally
generated. The allows users to select SCTE Clock (Terrestrial) or the SCT internal clock. The
modem also allows user to recover the SCT Clock from the satellite (SCR) or from the modem
internally. The modem allows users to select clock polarity. The Tx clock selections available
are:
MN-OM20– Revision 5
4–12
OM20 Universal Outdoor Modem
OM20 Theory of Operation
The following paragraphs define the types of clocking options available to the user at the Front
Panel.



SCT (Internal Oscillator)
SCTE (External Tx Terrestrial Clock)
Rx Satellite Clock
4.7.1.1 SCTE: Serial Clock Transmit External
The SCTE clock is the Transmit Terrestrial Clock associated with the data interface. SCTE is an
external clock received from the terrestrial equipment and the modem utilizes the terrestrial clock
to lock the internal clock.
In Figure 3-7, the Transmit Terrestrial Data enters the modem and is clocked into a dejitter FIFO.
Data is clocked out of the FIFO by the Modulator Clock. The Modulator Clock and PhaseLocked Loop (PLL), in conjunction with the Dejitter FIFO, which reduces the input jitter. Jitter
reduction exceeds the jitter transfer specified in CCITT G.821.
SCTE is sometimes referred to as Tx Terrestrial Timing or Terminal Timing. Terminal Timing is
reference to the RS422 synchronous interfaces.
4.7.1.2 SCT: Serial Clock Transmit
The SCT clock can be generated internally or recovered from the satellite. The SCT clock source
can be used as the TX clock source, RX Buffer Clock source and the Terrestrial Terminal
equipment for clocking the transmit data. If the SCT clock is recovered from the satellite, then it
is referred to as SCR. SCR is also referred to as Receive Clock, Satellite Clock, or Receive
Timing (RT).
When SCT clock is configured as Internal, the frequency of the clock is set the same as the
Transmit Terrestrial Clock rate. If SCT clock is configured as SCR, the internal clock is set to the
same rate as the incoming receive satellite clock. SCT is sometimes referred to as Internal
Timing or Send Timing (ST). In the event that the satellite clock is lost, the modem will
automatically switch over to the Internal Clock and revert back to SCR when activity is detected.
If SCT is selected, then Terrestrial data that is synchronous to the SCT Clock is required to be
supplied by the modem. It is intended for the terminal equipment to use the SCT as its clock
source. The Autophase Circuit will automatically ensure that the data is clocked correctly into
the modem. Therefore, a return clock is not necessary. The Clock Polarity should be set to Auto.
4.7.2 RX Buffer Clock Options
The modem supports a number of RX Buffer clock options that can be recovered from the
satellite, terrestrial links, internally or externally. The various clocking options allow users to
determine which clock will best fit their applications. Figure 3-7 gives an overview on how the
modem processes the various clocks for the Tx Clock and the Rx Buffer Clock. The modem
allows users to select clock polarity Tx and Rx Clocks may be independently locked. The
following RX Buffer clock selections are available:


MN-OM20– Revision 5
Rx Satellite Clock (Recovered from Satellite)
SCTE (External Tx Terrestrial Clock)
4–13
OM20 Universal Outdoor Modem



OM20 Theory of Operation
SCT (Internal Oscillator)
EXC Clock/EXT BNC (External Clock Source)
EXT IDI (Drop and Insert)
The modem handles RX Buffer clock selections based on source priority levels. The user assigns
priorities to the clock sources based on source selections. Source 1 has the highest priority and
Source 5 being the last resort or lowest priority. If a fallback clock is selected and activity is lost
at the highest priority source, the modem will fall back to the next highest priority clock with
activity. When activity resumes on a higher priority source, the modem resumes using the higher
priority source
Clock Source
RX SAT
SCTE
SCT
EXC BNC
EXT IDI
1
2
3
4
5
Priority
of
of
of
of
of
5
5
5
5
5
Not Supported in the OM20
Refer to the Remote Protocol Manual TM117 for Web Browser manual TM117.
4.7.2.1 RX SAT Clock
The RX Sat clock is recovered from the satellite that is received from the distant end. If selected the Buffer
Clock is lock to the RX sat clock.
4.7.2.2 SCTE: Serial Clock Transmit External
When SCTE is selected as the Rx Buffer clock, the modem receives the clock from the Transmit
Terrestrial interface.
4.7.2.3 SCT: Serial Clock Transmit
If SCT clock is selected as the RX Buffer clock source, then it should be configured for internal.
SCT is sometimes referred to as Internal Timing or Send Timing (ST).
4.7.2.4 EXT CLK/EXT BNC:
The External Clock connector is not supported in the OM20.
4.7.2.5 EXT IDI: Insert Data In
External IDI is used only for E1/T1 Drop and Insert applications. The available T1/E1 Frame
Source selections are External, Internal, and IDI/DDO Loopback. The T1/E1 Frame Source
selections can be accessed in the INTERFACE/RX SETUP menus. If Ext IDI is selected as the
RX Buffer clock, then user must first specify T1/E1 Frame Source.



External (RX Buffer Clock recovered from the data)
Internal (RX Buffer Clock recovered from the internal clock)
IDI/DDO Loopback (RX Buffer Clock recovered from the data and looped back)
MN-OM20– Revision 5
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OM20 Universal Outdoor Modem
OM20 Theory of Operation
4.7.3 EXT REF: External Reference, Optional
The External Clock connector is optional and must be requested at time of order. This is not
actually a clock, but does have some clocking implications. When the external reference is used,
the master oscillator within the modem is locked to the external reference, and the internal
accuracy and stability of the unit assumes that of the External Reference. Therefore, not only are
the transmit frequencies locked to the external reference, but the modem’s internal SCT Oscillator
is locked to the external reference as well.
External reference port input is specified at
.1Vpp to 5Vpp (Sine or Square wave)
4.8
RS422/V.35 Interface J3 (Standard option)
Data must be clocked into the modem by either the SCTE or SCT Source. If SCTE is selected as
the Tx Clock Source, then SCTE must be supplied to the modem on the EIA-530 port. The output
of the dejitter buffer will be clocked with this source. SCT should be used if SCTE has excessive
jitter.
4.8.1
G.703 Interface (Optional)
G7103 is an optional interface option. The G703 option supports both balanced and unbalanced
interface types. he modem support If the G.703 Interface is selected, then the Tx Clock Source
will default to SCTE and the Clock Polarity will default to Auto.
Loop timing with a G.703 Interface or Asymmetrical Data Rates requires external equipment at
the remote end that is capable of using the recovered RD Clock as source timing for (SCTE) SD.
The modem will not manipulate the clock frequency. Therefore, the transmit and receive clock
rates must be equal in order for the modem to perform loop timing.
4.8.2
Ethernet Data Interface J4 (Optional)
The modem support a 4 port 10/100 Base-T or a 10/100/1000 Base T Interface. When this
interface is selected additional menus will be displayed. Refer to Appendix J for interface set up
and description of supporting features.
When Ethernet Data Interface is selected, the Tx Clock Source will default to SCTE and the
Clock Polarity will default to Normal. In addition, the Buffer Clock will default to RxSat and the
Buffer Clock Polarity will default to Normal.
MN-OM20– Revision 5
4–15
OM20 Universal Outdoor Modem
4.9
OM20 Theory of Operation
Reed-Solomon Codec
Utilizing a Reed-Solomon (R-S) Outer Codec concatenated with a Convolutional Inner Codec is
an effective way to produce very low error rates even for poor signal-to-noise ratios while
requiring only a small increase in transmission bandwidth. Typically, concatenating an R-S
Codec requires an increase in transmission bandwidth of only 9 – 12% while producing a greater
than 2 dB improvement in Eb/No. R-S is a block Codec where K data bytes are fed into the
encoder which adds 2t = (N – K) check bytes to produce an N byte R-S block. The R-S decoder
can then correct up to “t” erred bytes in the block. Refer to Figures 4-8, 4-9 and Table 4-1
4.9.1 Reed-Solomon Operation in the OM20
When the Reed-Solomon Codec is enabled, data is fed to the R-S Encoding Section of the OM20
where it is scrambled, formed into blocks, R-S encoded, and interleaved. Unique words are
added so that the blocks can be reformed in the Receiving Modem. Data is then sent to the
modulator where it is convolutionally encoded, modulated, and transmitted to the satellite.
When the signal is received and demodulated by the Receiving Modem, it is fed to a Viterbi
Decoder for the first layer of error correction. After error correction is performed by the Viterbi
Decoder, the unique words are located and the data is de-interleaved and reformed into blocks.
The R-S Decoder then corrects the leftover errors in each block. The data is then descrambled
and output from the R-S Section.
4.9.2 Reed-Solomon Code Rate
The R-S Code Rate is defined by (N, K) where N is the total R-S block size in bytes - data +
check bytes - and K is the number of data bytes input into the R-S Encoder. The transmission
rate expansion required by the R-S Codec is then defined by N/K. The OM20 automatically sets
the correct R-S code rate for IDR/IBS open network operation in accordance with the data shown
in Table 4-1. In Closed Net Mode, the OM20 allows the following N and K setting: (126, 112),
(219, 201), (194, 178), (225, 205).
4.9.3 Interleaving
The OM20 allows for interleaving depths of 4, 8 or 12 R-S Blocks. This allows burst errors to be
spread over multiple blocks in order to enhance the error correcting performance of the R-S
Codec. For Intelsat Network Modes, the modem automatically sets the interleaving depth to 4 for
QPSK or BPSK, or 8 for 8PSK. In Closed Network Mode, the interleaver depth can be manually
set to 4 or 8, and in DVB Network Mode, the unit automatically sets the interleaver depth to 12.
Figure 4-8. Reed-Solomon Encoder Functional Block Diagram
MN-OM20– Revision 5
4–16
OM20 Universal Outdoor Modem
OM20 Theory of Operation
Figure 4-9 Reed-Solomon Decoder Functional Block Diagram
Table 4-1. Reed-Solomon Codes
Type of
Service
Data Rate
(Kbps)
R-S Code
(n, k, t) 1
Bandwidth
Expansion
[ (n/k) -1 ]
Interleaving
Depth
Maximum 2
R-S Codec
Delay (ms)
Small IDR
(With 16/15
O/H)
64
(126, 112, 7)
0.125
4
115
128
(126, 112, 7)
0.125
4
58
256
(126, 112, 7)
0.125
4
29
384
(126, 112, 7)
0.125
4
19
512
(126, 112, 7)
0.125
4
15
768
(126, 112, 7)
0.125
4
10
1024
(126, 112, 7)
0.125
4
8
1536
(126, 112, 7)
0.125
4
5
1544
(225, 205,10)
0.0976
4
9
2048
(219, 201, 9)
0.0896
4
7
6312
(194, 178, 8)
0.0899
4
2
8448
(194, 178, 8)
0.0899
4
<2
1544
(219, 201, 9)
0.0896
8
18
2048
(219, 201, 9)
0.0896
8
13
6312
(219, 201, 9)
0.0896
8
4
8448
(219, 201, 9)
0.0896
8
3
All
(204, 188, 8)
0.0851
12
-
IDR
(With 96
Kbps O/H)
8PSK
DVB
1. n = code length, k = information symbols and t = symbol error correcting capability.
2. Design objective.
4.10
Drop and Insert (D&I)
Refer to Appendix E
MN-OM20– Revision 5
4–17
OM20 Universal Outdoor Modem
4.11
OM20 Theory of Operation
OM20 Automatic Uplink Power Control (AUPC Operation)
Refer to Appendix F
4.12
Asynchronous Overhead Operation J3 (Framing/Multiplexer Capability)
The Asynchronous Framing/Multiplexer is capable of multiplexing a relatively low-speed
overhead channel onto the terrestrial data stream resulting in a slightly higher combined or
aggregate data rate through the modem. The overhead channel is recovered at the far end. This
added channel is termed variously “An Overhead Channel”, ”Service Channel”, “Async Channel”
or in IESS terminology an “ES to ES Data Channel.” The basic frame structure used by the
multiplexer is that specified in the IESS-309 Standard, resulting in a 16/15 Aggregate ratio of
overhead & data to data rates.
For Regular Async:
(Standard IBS), the Baud Rate is approximately 1/2000 of the
Data Rate listed in Table 4-2.
For Enhanced Async:
(IBS Async.), the Baud Rate is selectable, but Data Rate is
limited.
The maximum Baud Rate is 19,200 bps for IBS Async. Two software-controlled modes are
designed into the card to best utilize the available bits; “Standard IBS” and “IBS (Async)”. The
characteristics of the Channel Interface are also determined by the standard or Async mode.
The Async Channel can be set under software-control to either RS-232 or RS-485 mode. The pin
assignments for both modes are shown in Table 4-2.
The “RS-485” Setting controls the output into tri-state when the modem is not transmitting data,
allowing multiple modem outputs to be connected together.
Table 4-2.
Kbps
Baud Rate Example for
Standard IBS
Kbps
Baud Rate Example for
Enhanced Mode
128
64
9.6
300
256
128
19.2
600
384
192
32
600
512
256
64
1200
640
320
128
2400
768
384
192
4800
896
448
256
4800
1024
512
320
9600
1152
576
384
9600
1280
640
448
9600
1408
704
512
9600
MN-OM20– Revision 5
4–18
OM20 Universal Outdoor Modem
OM20 Theory of Operation
1536
768
576
9600
1664
832
640
19200
1792
896
704
19200
1920
960
768
19200
1920
960
768
19200
2048
1024
832
19200
896
19200
960
19200
1024
19200
1088
19200
1152
19200
1216
19200
1280
19200
1344
19200
1408
19200
1472
19200
1536
19200
1600
19200
1664
19200
1728
19200
1792
19200
1856
19200
1920
19200
1984
19200
2048
19200
4.13
Standard IBS Mode
In the first or “Normal” mode, all bit assignments are per the IBS standard. The bits of Overhead
Housekeeping byte 32 are implemented as shown in Table 4-3 below:
Table 4-3.
Bit 1
ES to ES Data
Channel
MN-OM20– Revision 5
This bit is routed directly to the ES to ES Data Channel.
Its data rate is 1/512th of the aggregate rate (or 1/480th of
the through terrestrial data rate), and is normally used to
super-sample an asynchronous data channel.
4–19
OM20 Universal Outdoor Modem
OM20 Theory of Operation
Bit 2
Frame Alignment
Part of the Frame Alignment word.
Bit 3
Backward Alarm
Transmit and Receive with main processor to activate
Main Alarm/LED.
Bit 4
Multiframe Message
As per IBS.
Bits 5 and 6
Spare
Not currently utilized.
Bits 7 and 8
Encryption
Utilization
Not currently utilized.
The ratio of the Through Terrestrial Data Channel Rate to the aggregate rate is 15/16. The
standard transmit and receive channels of the ES to ES Data Channel in Standard IBS Mode are
raw channels operating at the specific bit rate as controlled by the data channel rate, without
buffering. In addition, no clocks are provided with this channel. Since it would be rare that the
data rate provided was exactly that required for a standard rate device, the only method of
communicating using this channel is to allow it to super-sample the user data.
4.14
Asynchronous Multiplexer Mode
Since many of the frame bits in the standard IBS mode are not used, an “Enhanced” Multiplexer
Mode has been implemented that can be engaged under software control. Since this mode
changes the use of many of the framed non-data bits, this mode is only usable when the modem is
at both ends of a link.
In this mode, the overhead signaling bytes 16 and 48 can be used to implement a significantly
higher speed ES to ES Data Channel under software control. When implemented, this rate is 16
times that of the normal IBS standard, or 1/30th of the terrestrial data rate (1/32nd of the aggregate
rate).
MN-OM20– Revision 5
4–20
OM20 Universal Outdoor Modem
OM20 Theory of Operation
The IBS Async mode MUST be selected for true Asynchronous channel
operation to be available.
4.15
ESC Backward Alarms
When running in IDR Mode and if the modem has the ESC Option, there will be four Backward
Alarms available for use by the earth stations at each end of the link (both ends must have the
ESC option). These alarms are accessed via the ESC ALARMS Port. The four alarms are
controlled by four relays, each having a normally open, normally closed, and a common
connection. The common connections of these relays (referred to as Backward Alarm Inputs) can
be connected to whichever system on the earth station that the user wishes to trigger the backward
alarm.
When ground is applied to the Common (Input) Connection of one of these relays, that relay and
associated backward alarm will then be in a “no fault” state. When the ground is removed, the
relay and the associated Tx Backward Alarm will toggle to the faulted state. When in the faulted
state, the receive end of the link will receive that backward alarm that is initiated at the transmit
end of the link.
The user can connect whichever systems on the earth stations that they desire to these Backward
Alarms Relays as long as they will supply ground to the Backward Alarm Relay Input in the “no
fault” condition and the ground will be removed in the “faulted” condition.
For example: the user could connect the Demod Summary Fault of the modem to the Backward
Alarm 1 Input, so that if the demod went into Major Alarm (such as a Carrier Loss), Backward
Alarm 1 would be transmitted to the receive end of the link. At the receive end, it would show up
as Rx Backward 1 (Receive Backward Alarm 1).
MN-OM20– Revision 5
4–21
OM20 Universal Outdoor Modem
OM20 Theory of Operation
4.15.1 To Disable the ESC Backward Alarms
If the ESC ALARMS Port will not be used and the Backward Alarm Indications are to be
disabled, you must connect pins 10, 11, 22 and 23 to pin 1 (gnd) on ESC Alarms port.
4.16
Satellite Control Channel (SCC)
The SCC format uses a variable overhead rate to transmit an asynchronous data channel in
addition to the normal data channel. The SCC asynchronous mode implemented on the DMD20
is "PassThru" Mode.
In Pass Thru Mode, there is no formatting or deformatting of the input data in the buffer, and it is
transmitted on a first-in first-out basis. In band data entering the remote port is inserted into the
user data stream. The in-band data is received and passed on to the user without any deformatting
or depacketizing involved. The maximum in band rate supported is 115200bps.
The Asynchronous Data Interface (J17) is a 9-Pin Female “D” Connector. The data interface is
either RS232 or RS485 via a front panel selection. Refer to Table 5-7 for pinouts.
4.16.1 SCC Framing Structure
Each SCC frame consists of the following:
•
•
•
A 10-bit synchronization pattern called the Synchronizing Word.
Multiple variable length slots filled with user data.
Multiple 10-bit control words that contains eight bits of in-band data (the extra two bits are
for the async start/stop).
The number of user data slots and control words per frame is selected by the SCC Control Ratio
Parameter. This can be any value from 1 to 1 through 1 to 7. A higher ratio allows a lower
overhead rate but since there are less Sync Words, there is a higher acquisition time.
The following examples show a control ratio of 1 to 3 and 1 to 1. Example 1 shows three Control
Words for every Synchronizing Word, and Example 2 shows one Control Word for every
Synchronizing Word.
Figure 4-10. 1 to 3 Control Ratio diagram
MN-OM20– Revision 5
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OM20 Universal Outdoor Modem
OM20 Theory of Operation
Figure 4-10. 1 to 1 Control Ratio diagram
The Control Ratio of the receiving units must match the Control Ratio of the transmitting unit.
4.16.2 Aggregate Data Rate
The aggregate data rate equals the following:
User Data Rate + In-Band Rate + Synchronizing Overhead Rate
Because SCC must adjust the overhead so that there are an equal number of user data bits in each
slot, the synchronizing overhead cannot be easily calculated. However, dividing the In-Band Rate
by the Control Ratio can approximate it. The following equation shows the basic calculation of
this rate:
Aggregate Date Rate = User Data Rate + In-Band Rate + (In-Band Rate/Control Ratio)
User Data
Rate
In-Band
Rate
Synchronizing
Overhead
Aggregate Data Rate
As an example, given the following parameters:
User Data Rate:
In-Band Rate:
Control Ratio:
1,024,000 bps
19,200 bps
1 to 7
Aggregate data rate = 1,024,000 + 19,200 + (19,200/7) or approximately 1,045,942
(actually 1045974).
This gives an overhead ratio of 1,045,974/1,024,000 = 1.021
In addition, another constraint changes the actual Aggregate Data Rate. The user data slot size
is limited to 2,500 bits. Because of this, the modem increases the in-band rate to reduce the user
data slot size. This only happens at higher user data rates.
MN-OM20– Revision 5
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OM20 Universal Outdoor Modem
OM20 Theory of Operation
NOTE: The Maximum In-Band rate is 115200. The Async interface Rate must be equal or
greater in value.
4.16.3 Overhead Rate Comparison
The SCC Overhead Ratio varies depending on the User Data Rate, the In-Band Rate, and the
Control Ratio. This gives SCC the advantage of lower overhead rates when compared to IBS,
which has a fixed overhead ratio of 16/15 or 1.067. The following table gives some examples of
SCC overhead rates for different user data and control ratios.
User Data
Rate
In-Band
Rate
Control
Ratio
Aggregate Data
Rate
Overhead
Ratio
512,000
19,200
1/7
533,974
1.043
1,024,000
19,200
1/7
1,045,974
1.021
2,048,000
19,200
1/7
2,069,951
1.011
3,072,000
19,200
1/7
3,093,943
1.007
4,096,000
19,200
1/7
4,117,951
1.005
6,312,000
19,200
1/7
6,337,248
1.004
6,312,000
19,200
1/3
6,337,606
1.004
6,312,000
19,200
1/1
6,350,418
1.006
4.16.4 Actual Overhead Rate Calculation
The following is the actual calculation the modem does to calculate the overhead ratio:
1.
The modem calculates the minimum in-band rate to limit the size of the user data slots to
2,500 bits (the result is truncated to an integer).
Minimum In-Band = (User Data Rate * Control Ratio)/((Control Ratio + 1) * 250)
2.
Using the bigger of Minimum In-Band or the selected In-Band, the modem calculates the
number of bits for each user data slot (result is truncated to an integer).
Slot Bits = (User Data Rate * (Control Ratio * 10))/(In-band Rate * (Control Ratio + 1))
Note: Slot bits of 0 are invalid.
The actual ratio the modem uses is:
Actual Ratio = (Slot Bits + 10)/Slot Bits
MN-OM20– Revision 5
4–24
OM20 Universal Outdoor Modem
OM20 Theory of Operation
Example 1:
User Data Rate: 1,024,000 bps
In-Band Rate: 19,200 bps
Control Ratio: 1 to 7
Minimum In-Band = (1,024,000 * 7)/((7 + 1) * 250) = 3,584 (less
than In-Band Rate)
Slot Bits = (1,024,000 * (7 * 10))/(19,200 * (7 + 1)) = 466
Actual Ratio = (466 + 10)/466 = 1.021
Example 2:
User Data Rate: 6,312,000 bps
In-Band Rate: 19,200 bps
Control Ratio: 1 to 7
4.16.5 SCC Overhead Channel Setup
1. Set the Framing Mode (located under Mod and Demod Data Menus) to SCC. After doing this,
two new menus will appear to the right of the Framing Menu, for both the Mod and Demod. The
new menus will be:
i. SCC CTL RATIO
ii. SCC INBAND RATE
2. Set the desired SCC control ratio:
i. SCC CTL RATIO {1/1, 1/2, 1/3, 1/4, 1/5, 1/6, 1/7}
ii. This allows the user to simulate the framing used by the Satellite Control
Channel Option (Pass-Thru Mode only). The SCC CTL RATIO is the ratio of
overhead in-band data to synchronizing words.
3. Set the desired SCC in-band rate:
i. SCC INBAND RATE {300 to 115200}
ii. This allows the user to request the rate of in-band data for the overhead channel.
This sets the overhead amount only. The actual amount of data that can be
passed through the overhead channel will be set under “ES Baud Rate” (see Step
6 below).
4. Under the Interface > General menus, locate the TX ASYNC MODE (menu).
5. Under the TX ASYNC MODE Menu, set the desired ES Interface type:
i. ES INTERFACE {RS-232, RS-485}
ii. This allows the user to select the interface type.
6. Under TX ASYNC MODE Menu, set the desired baud rate for the ASYNC Port (J17). This will
be the baud rate that will pass through the overhead channel:
MN-OM20– Revision 5
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OM20 Universal Outdoor Modem
OM20 Theory of Operation
i. ES BAUD RATE {150 - 115200}
ii. This allows the user to select the baud rate of the ASYNC port (J17) in SCC
Mode.
7. Under TX ASYNC MODE Menu, set the desired ES BITS/CHAR:
i. ES BITS/CHAR {7,8}
ii. This allows the user to choose between 7 or 8 bits of data.
8. Repeat Steps 4 through 7 under the RX ASYNC MODE (menu)
9. The physical connection to the overhead channel will be the DB-9 Female Port labeled ASYNC
(J17).
SCC Overhead Chart Examples
(Viterbi 3/4 w/V.35 Scrambler)
Modem Data Rate
Kbps
SCC Control
Channel Rate
In-Band Overhead
Rate Setting
Symbol Rate
9.6
1/1
300
6800
9.6
1/2
300
6700
9.6
1/3
300
6667
9.6
1/4
300
6650
9.6
1/5
300
6641
9.6
1/6
300
6634
9.6
1/7
300
6629
9.6
1/1
9600
19200
9.6
1/2
9600
17067
9.6
1/3
9600
15543
9.6
1/4
9600
14400
9.6
1/5
9600
14400
9.6
1/6
9600
14400
9.6
1/7
9600
14400
512
1/1
9600
354165
512
1/2
9600
350948
512
1/3
9600
349867
512
1/4
9600
349346
512
1/5
9600
349201
512
1/6
9600
348802
512
1/7
9600
348658
MN-OM20– Revision 5
4–26
OM20 Universal Outdoor Modem
4.17
OM20 Theory of Operation
EDMAC Satellite Framing/Deframing Mode
The modem supports EDMAC satellite framing. EDMAC can be enables for both modulator and
demodulator satellite framing when modem is configured in CLOSED NET applications.
EDMAC satellite framing DOES NOT allow control or monitoring of the remote slave modem.
On the demodulator, terrestrial date is framed with NULL EDMAC commands, having no effect
at the remote demodulator. On the demodulator, EDMAC commands are stripped from the
satellite data stream and discarded, leaving the terrestrial data steam intact. EDMAC
Framing/Deframing is provided for compatibility purposes only.
4.18
Locating the ID Code Operational Procedure
The modem has unique ID codes that allow the user to add feature upgrades to the modem
without the unit having to be returned to the factory. Users are required to identify these ID codes
when they want additional features added to their unit. Radyne will supply a new ID code that is
required to be entered in the ID code field. Once the new ID code is entered, the modem will
activate the new features.
Refer to Appendix B for upgrade procedures.
4.19
Strap Codes
The Strap Code is a quick set key that sets many of the modem parameters. For quick setup of
the modem, Strap Codes are very helpful. When a Strap Code is entered, the modem is
automatically configured for the code’s corresponding data rate, overhead, code rate, framing,
scrambler type and modulation. An example of how to set a strap code follows:
Example: In the Ethernet interface <Modulator> Menu, depress the Transmit Gel-tab, then move
the cursor down and depress “General”. Now move the cursor over to ‘Strap Code’. Click inside
the box and enter the new strap code submenu and enter #16. The modem will be automatically
configured to the parameters shown below in the highlighted row ‘Strap Code 16’.
Refer to Appendix G for the various strap code options.
MN-OM20– Revision 5
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OM20 Universal Outdoor Modem
OM20 Theory of Operation
Notes:
MN-OM20– Revision 5
4–28
Chapter 5. Rear Panel Interfaces
This section discusses the electrical interfaces available of the unit.
5.1
OM20 External Interface Connections
All OM20 external connections are interconnected to labeled connectors located on the front of
the unit. Any connection interfacing to the OM20 must utilize the appropriate mating connector
(supplied). Refer to Table 5.1 and Figure 5-1 for the standard unit. Reference throughout this
section will be identified as the OM20.
LABELS
J1 Power
J2 232/485 M&C/Terminal
J3 EIA-530 Data I/O / ES-ES Data/ Balanced G.703
J4 Ethernet (Data/M&C)
J6 Ground
J7 RX L-Band Input
J8 TX L-Band Output
J9 Compact Flash Card
J10 SD G.703 (DDI) Unbalanced, Optional ASI
J11 RD G.703 (IDO) Unbalanced, Optional ASI
J12 External Clock BNC
Table 5-1 OM20 Connection Designations
MN-OM20– Revision 5
5–1
OM20 Universal Outdoor Modem
Rear Panel Interfaces
Figure 5-1. OM20 Front panel ports
Figure 5-1A. OM20 Rear panel ports
MN-OM20– Revision 5
5–2
OM20 Universal Outdoor Modem
Rear Panel Interfaces
5.1.1 Power Input
5.1.1.1
AC Power Input (J1)
AC Input is located on connector J1 of the OM20. The auto-ranging universal power supply
input allows for the connection of AC power to the port between the range of 100 – 240 VAC and
50 – 60 Hz. Power consumption for the unit is 1A (OM20) only. For the OM20, add the
applicable BUC current draw to the OM20 current draw to insure that sufficient current is
available for the system. An external chassis ground post is located on the OM20 (J6 GND)
using a #10-32 threaded stud (Note: this is for external grounding, and should not be used to
ground the AC power Source on J1). A mating power connector is supplied as standard with the
unit. An optional AC power cable assembly can be ordered with the unit. This cable assembly
will include up to 25 feet of 14 AWG SO Cable, terminated with the mating AC power input
connector on one end. Refer to Table 5.2 for the connector Pinout.
Table 5-2. AC Power
5.1.1.2
A
Line (L1)
B
Neutral (L2)
C
Ground
DC Power Input/Switch (Optional)
An Optional DC Power Input is available for the OM20. The unit may be powered from a 44 –
56 VDC source with a maximum unit power consumption of 5-2 A. This port is a 4-pin
(D38999/24FC4PN) connector (mating connector supplied with the unit). Refer to Table 5.2A
for the connector pinout.
Table 5-2A. DC Power
A
– VDC
B
+ VDC
C
Ground
D
N/C
5.1.2 Remote/Terminal/Fault Port (J2)
This port functions as the OM20 Remote, Terminal, and Fault port utilizing an 18-Pin
D38999/24FD18PN Connector (mating connector supplied with the unit). This port supports an
asynchronous control protocol further described in Section 6 for Remote and Terminal operation.
It may be used to support either RS-232 (Terminal) or RS485 (Remote) signal levels. The port is
intended for use in computer-based remote Monitor and Control (M&C). All functions of the
OM20 may be monitored and controlled from this port via a common terminal connection to the
Terminal interface, or an M&C connection to the Remote interface. Selection of the port
MN-OM20– Revision 5
5–3
OM20 Universal Outdoor Modem
Rear Panel Interfaces
configuration is available on the OM20 GUI. Refer to Table 5.3 for the Remote/Terminal
connector pinout; and Section 6 for the port interface specification.
The OM20’s internal M&C system is connected to most of the circuitry on any board contained
in the chassis. These connections provide status on the condition of the circuitry and provide the
data required for the various measurements the OM20 provides. The on-board M&C processes
this information and generates status indications and alarms when necessary. Detailed status
information is available via the GUI, Remote port, and the Form-C fault connections available on
this connector. This summary information can be connected to external equipment, switches, or
alarms. Refer to Table 5.3 for the Form-C connector pin-outs.
Table 5.3. Remote/Terminal/Fault Connector (J2)
Pin No.
Signal Name
Signal
Direction
A
Receive Data RS-232
RXD-232
Input
B
Transmit Data RS-232
TXD-232
Output
C
AGC Voltage
---
---
D
Transmit Data RS-485 (+)
TX-485-B
Output
E
Transmit Data RS-485 (-)
TX-485-A
Output
F
Receive Data RS-485 (+)
RX-485-B
Input
G
Receive Data RS-485 (-)
RX-485-A
Input
H
Ground
GND
---
J
Mod Fault – C
MF-C
---
K
Mod Fault – NC
MF-NC
---
L
Mod Fault – NO
MF-NO
---
M
Demod Fault
DF-C
---
N
Demod Fault – NC
DF-NC
---
S
Demod Fault – NO
DF-NC
---
R
Ground
GND
---
U
Default
---
---
P
Default
---
---
MN-OM20– Revision 5
5–4
OM20 Universal Outdoor Modem
Rear Panel Interfaces
5.1.3 EIA-530 Synchronous Data, ES-ES Asynchronous Overhead Data, and G.703
Balanced Data I/O Port (J3)
This 38 Pin D38999/24FD35PN Connector contains the EIA-530 data connections (RS422/V.35/RS-232, the ES-ES RS485 Asynchronous Overhead data interface, the G.703 Balanced
interface, and the Open Collector Modulator and Demodulator Faults. Cable lengths up to 60
meters can be used depending on data rate, interface type, and temperature de-rating. Refer to
Table 5.4 for pin-outs.
Table 5.4. EIA-530 Synchronous Data I/O; ES-ES Async Data Connector (J3)
J3
Pin No.
Signal Name
Signal
Direction
EIA-530 Std.
25 Pin
Connector
Reference
1
Shield--- ---
2
Send Data B (+)
SD-B
Input
14
3
Send Data A (-)
SD-A
Input
2
4
Send Timing A (-)
ST-A
Output
15
5
Receive Data
RD-A
Output
3
6
Receive Data B (+)
RD-B
Output
16
7
Request To Send A (-)
RS-A
Input
4
8
Receive Timing A (-)
RT-A
Output
17
9
Clear To Send A (-)
CS-A
Output
5
10
Modulator Fault – Open Collector
MF
Output
18
11
Data Mode A (-)
DM-A
Output
6
12
Request To Send B (+)
RS-B
Input
19
13
Signal Ground
SGND
---
7
14
Data Terminal Ready A (-)
TR-A
Input
20
15
Receiver Ready A (-)
RR-A
Output
8
16
Demodulator Fault
DF
Output
21
17
Receive Timing B (+)
RT-B
Output
9
18
Data Mode B (+)
DM-B
Output
22
19
Receiver Ready B (+)
RR-B
Output
10
20
Data Terminal Ready B (+)
TR-B
Input
23
21
Terminal Timing B (+)
TT-B
Input
11
22
Terminal Timing
TT-A
Input
14
MN-OM20– Revision 5
1
5–5
OM20 Universal Outdoor Modem
Rear Panel Interfaces
23
Send Timing B (+)
24
No Connect
25
Clear To Send B (+)
ST-B
Output
12
---
---
25
CS-B
Output
13
Table 5.4.cont. EIA-530 Synchronous Data I/O; ES-ES Async Data Connector (J3)
J3
Pin No.
Signal Name
Signal
Direction
EIA-530 Std.
25 Pin
Connector
Reference
26
Transmit Data B (ES-ES)
TXD_B
Input
N/C
27
Transmit Data A (ES-ES)
TXD_A
Input
N/C
30
Receive Data A (ES-ES)
RXD_A
Output
N/C
31
Receive Data B (ES-ES)
RXB_B
Output
N/C
Signal
Direction
G.703
Balanced
15 Pin
Connector
Reference
Table 5.4a. G.703 Balanced (J3)
J3
Pin No.
Signal Name
32
Send Data (-)
SD-A
Input
1
35
Receive Data A (-)
RD-A
Output
3
34
Ground
GND
---
4
33
Send Data (+)
SD-B
Input
9
36
Receive Data B (+)
RD-B
Output
11
37
Mod Fault
MODFLT
Open
Collector
Output
14
29
Demod Fault
DMDFLT
Open
Collector
Output
15
5.1.4 ETHERNET DATA/M&C (J4)
The Ethernet Data/M&C Port (J4) is dedicated for Ethernet communications. This port is
configured for 10/100 Base-T communication protocols, and can be used to Monitor & Control
the unit with the GUI interface functions of the unit and/or send and receive baseband data (if
equipped with the optional Ethernet data interface) The interface Complies with IEEE 802.3 and
IEEE802.3u. The physical interface (J4) is a standard male RJ45 Connector. A mating RJ45
weatherproof shroud is included with the standard unit. The terminating connector number is a
standard female RJ45. Ethernet cabling and connector is no included unless specified as an
option at the time of order.
MN-OM20– Revision 5
5–6
OM20 Universal Outdoor Modem
Rear Panel Interfaces
Use of an extended temperature CAT-5 cable such as is recommended for the Ethernet
Data/M&C interface. Cat 5E Ethernet cable can support data rates up to 100 MHz (100 Base-T),
easily allowing for a 20 Mbps modem data rate (this is the highest available OM20 data rate),
with a typical maximum cable length of 100 meters at 20°C. Temperature de-rating of 0.4 %/°C
(minimum) should be used when determining the maximum cable length for temperatures
exceeding 20°C.
For a system operating at a maximum temperature of 50°C, a total maximum cable length of 88
meters should be used (100m - (0.4 x (50-20))).
Commercially available Cat 5e cable should not be used due to cable elongation during IFL
installation that can cause excessive signal loss and delay, and exposure to the outdoor
environment that will degrade the outer jacket of the cable exposing the inner conductors.
Since the OM20 operates outdoors, an outdoor rated CAT 5e cable such as Belden 7923A that is
UV and Oil resistant with a heavy industrial grade jacket should be used. This cable can also be
requested if specified and ordered with the OM20. Additionally, shielded cable such as Belden
7929A can be used where EMI issues are a concern.
5.1.5 Ground Lug (J6)
An external chassis ground post is located on the OM20 (J6 GND), requires a #10-32 threaded
stud (Note: this is for external grounding, and should not be used to ground the AC power Source
on J1
5.1.6 RX L-Band IF (J7)
The Receive L-Band Input Port is a 50-Ohm N-Type Female Connector that is used for the LBand IF/DC/Reference connection to/from the LNB. The IF Frequency can be programmed from
950 to 2050 MHz in 1 Hz Steps via the GUI or Remote interface. The DC is range selectable
from 13, 15, 18, or 20 VDC and can be enabled or disabled via the GUI or remote interface. The
10 MHz reference can also be enabled or disabled from the GUI or Remote interface.
5.1.7 TX L-Band IF (J8)
The Transmit L-Band Output Port is a 50-Ohm N-Type Female Connector that is used for the LBand IF/DC/Reference connection to the BUC. The IF Frequency can be programmed from 950
to 2050 MHz in 1 Hz Steps via the GUI or Remote interface. The DC is range 24 VDC (optional
48VDC is available) and can be enabled or disabled via the GUI or remote interface. The 10
MHz reference can also be enabled or disabled from the GUI or Remote interface.
5.1.8 Compact Flash Card (J9)
The compact flash slot is located on the left side as viewed from the front of the unit behind the
small weatherized panel. This must be present while the unit is operating. Files on the flash are
defined by Radyne Corp.
MN-OM20– Revision 5
5–7
OM20 Universal Outdoor Modem
Rear Panel Interfaces
5.1.9 SD (J10) (Optional)
Based on unit configuration, this connector is used for either G.703 Unbalanced Transmit Send
Data (Drop Data In) or for ASI data in depending on the optional interface ordered. The
connector is a 75-Ohm Female BNC Connector.
5.1.10 RD (J11) (Optional)
Based on unit configuration, this connector is used for either G.703 Unbalanced Receive Data
(Insert Data Out), or for ASI data out depending on the optional interface ordered. The connector
is a 75-Ohm Female BNC Connector.
5.1.11 LED Indicators
There are two (2) Light Emitting Diodes (LED’S) on the front of the unit, Power and Alarm.
Whenever proper AC Power is supplied to the unit and the power supply is functioning normally,
this LED will be Green. If a Fault condition exists within the Power subsystem, this LED will be
RED indicating that service is required.
5.1.12 G.703 Balanced – Connections are available via the J3 connector.
Refer to Table 5.4a.
5.1.13 EXT Reference J12
The External Clock connector is optional and must be requested at time of order. This is not
actually a clock, but does have some clocking implications. When the external reference is used,
the master oscillator within the modem is locked to the external reference, and the internal
accuracy and stability of the unit assumes that of the External Reference. Therefore, not only are
the transmit frequencies locked to the external reference, but the modem’s internal SCT Oscillator
is locked to the external reference as well.
MN-OM20– Revision 5
5–8
Chapter 6. Web Browser/Remote
Protocol
6.1
Web Browser User Interface
The Web Browser interface for OM20 can be accessed through the RJ45, SNMP port located on
the unit. Instructions on how to configure the interface for this application are discussed.
The Web Browser menus for the OM20 can only be accessed utilizing
Microsoft Internet Explorer 6 or greater.
6.2
Configuring Your PC
An example of a GUI layout is shown in Figure 6-1, showing the location and labeling of the
Interface. The graphical user interface is designed to replicate the front panel. For users familiar
with the front panel interface adjusting to the GUI interface should be seamless. The GUI
Interface is divided into four functional areas: the Front Panel Display simulation, Gel-tab area,
information/data entry and product information and contact area.
MN-OM20– Revision 5
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OM20 Universal Outdoor Modem
Web Browser/Remote Protocol
Figure 6-1. Web User Interface
6.2.1 Appearance
This site is a monitor and control of an individual complete satellite terminal. With a front panel
look and feel, and an appearance that resembles the DMD20 layout, the product features a
familiar look.
MN-OM20– Revision 5
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6.2.2 Navigation
The navigation scheme consists of gel tabs that correspond to the front panel top-level menu
selections. When the mouse is dragged over a tab, it gets highlighted with a rollover effect and a
sub-level of selections is revealed. These typically correspond to the front panel sub-menus, but
some areas have been combined.
Below the navigation menus, a content page will show the current control scope. This will be the
last user selected control page. At the top of the page, breadcrumb links remind the user how the
page is selected.
The menu works as follows:

Mousing over a global navigation link causes the corresponding subglobal division to be
revealed and all other subglobal divisions to be hidden.

Mousing off a subglobal menu link (outside a specified region x and y pixels from the top of
the page), causes all subglobal divisions to be hidden.

The position of the mouse is continuously being monitored.
Thus, we have a show-hide layer submenu effect.
Table 6-1.
Item Number
Description
Function
1
Product Name
This describes what product is that the
interface is connected to.
2
Product Name/Location
This can be used by the user to identify the
unit.
3
Alarm and Monitor
Displays fault status and performance
monitoring of unit.
4
Gel-Tab Area
This area allows access to data and control
input of unit. Moving the cursor across the
Gel-Tabs drop down menus appear and
allow editing of the data entry area.
5
Data Entry Area
Parameter editing is done in this area.
MN-OM20– Revision 5
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6
Web Browser/Remote Protocol
Product Information
Contact Information
Access to technical trouble-shooting,
product options and specifications is
accomplished by selecting one and clicking
on that function. Contact Radyne via Email
by clicking on “Contact Us”.
6.2.3 LED Indicators
Twelve LEDs on the OM20 GUI Interface (Refer to Table 6-2) indicate the status of the OM20’s
operation. The LED colors maintain a consistent meaning. Green is appropriate for normal
operation, Yellow means that there is a condition not proper for normal operation, and Red
indicates a fault condition that will result in lost communications.
Table 6-2.
LED
Color
Function
Modem LED Indicators
Power
Green
Indicates that the unit is turned on.
Fault
Red
Event
Yellow
Indicates that a condition or event has occurred that the
modem has stored in memory. The events may be viewed
from the GUI or in the Terminal Mode.
Remote
Green
Indicates that the unit is in the process of updating firmware
with FTP.
Indicates a hardware fault for the unit.
Modulator LED Indicators
Transmit On
Green
Indicates that the Modulator transmitter is on.
Major Alarm
Red
Minor Alarm
Yellow
Indicates that a Transmit Warning Condition exists.
Test Mode
Yellow
Indicates that the transmitter is involved in a current Test
Mode activity.
Indicates that the Transmit Direction has failed, losing
traffic.
Demodulator LED Indicators
Signal Lock
Green
Indicates that the receiver locked to an incoming carrier and
data, including FEC Sync.
Major Alarm
Red
Indicates that the Receive Direction has failed, losing traffic.
Minor Alarm
Yellow
Indicates that a Receive Warning Condition exists.
Test Mode
Yellow
Indicates that the receiver is involved in a current Test Mode
activity.
MN-OM20– Revision 5
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6.3
Web Browser/Remote Protocol
GUI Screen Menus
There are four main menus displayed on the Introduction screen upon startup of the web browser.
This screen will give a brief overview of the product and contains no configurable items. The
four main menus and with submenus are:

Introduction

Password Setup
o Access
o Preferences

IP Administration
o Modem Addressing
o Configure Apps
o Configure PC

Monitor and Control
o Transmit
o Receive
o Interface
o Monitor
o Alarms
o System
o Test
MN-OM20– Revision 5
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OM20 Universal Outdoor Modem
Web Browser/Remote Protocol
6.3.1 Introduction Menu
This menu will first appear when starting up the web browser. This page lists the general features
of the unit, and lists a brief description of the unit. Notice on the bottom of the page that there are
selections for Technical Specifications, Product Options, Troubleshooting, About Us, and Contact
us. Access these areas for further detailed description of the selection.
Figure 6.2. Introduction Screen
MN-OM20– Revision 5
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6.3.1.1
Web Browser/Remote Protocol
Login Screen
Upon initially accessing the Password Setup, IP Administration and Monitor & Control
configuration menu tabs a login prompt will appear. In order to gain access to any of the
configuration menus, log in with the correct user name and password. (The factory default login
name is “admin” and the default password is “admin”). For further information on setting user
profiles see Section 6.2.3 IP and Application Administration Menu.
Figure 6-3. Login Screen
MN-OM20– Revision 5
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6.3.2 Password Setup
The Access Menu allows for multiple operators to be allowed access to the system. User access
priorities can be set be completing the fields in the Access menu below.
Access Menu
Figure 6-4. Access Menu
Edit User
{USER 1, USER 2, USER 3}
Allows the operator to assign the applicable user group.
User Access Group
{Guest, Operator, Admin}
Allows the operator to assign the applicable user Access Level
group.
Enter User Name
Allows the operator to assign the applicable user name used for
login.
Enter a New Password
Allows the operator to assign the applicable user name password
used for login.
Confirm New Password
Allows the operator to confirm the applicable user password
(this must exactly match the previously entered Password entry
for the system to accept).
MN-OM20– Revision 5
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Preferences Menu
Figure 6-5. Modem Preferences menu
User Confirmation:
MN-OM20– Revision 5
{DISABLED, ENABLED}
The user confirmation preference allows the user to force/disable
confirmation of all changes through the web interface. This does
not override bandwidth confirmations. However, these are
always enabled.
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6.3.3 IP and Application Administration
The Modem Addressing menu provides instructions on how to configure the modem, applications
and PC.
6.3.3.1
Modem Addressing
Figure 6-6. Modem Addressing
Server Boot Mode:
{DEFAULT, NON-VOL, BOOTP, IP TEST}
Default: All of the following parameters as shown in Table 6-3
through 6-8 will be set and will not change until the boot mode is
changed.
IP
IPMASK:
255.000.000.000
MODEM IPADDR:
010.000.000.001
SERVER IP ADDR:
010.001.001.001
ROUTER IP ADDR:
010.000.001.001
Table 6-3. IP Parameters
MN-OM20– Revision 5
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IP TEST: The IP Test boot mode has a similar behavior to the
default boot mode. The Terminal, IP, SNMP, FTP and Web
parameters changed by the default setting will also be reset by
the IP Test boot mode. However, instead of the IP addresses
being set to an unreadable address, it will be set as follows as
shown in Table 6-4:
IP TEST
IP ADDRESS MASK:
MODEM IP ADDRESS:
SERVER IP ADDRESS
ROUTER IP ADDRESS:
255.255.255.0
192.168.000.238
192.168.000.101
192.168.000.102
Table 6-4. IP Test
IP Address Mask:
{XXX.XXX.XXX.XXX}
The IP Address Mask of the local network. The mask is
expressed in a decimal format, and must be a valid TCP/IP
Mask. This field should be set before changes are made to the
Modem or Router Address.
Modem IP Address:
{XXX.XXX.XXX.XXX}
The IP Address of the modem. This address should be consistent
for the mask defined. This address is expressed in decimal
format. Broadcast and loop back addresses will not be allowed.
These are addresses with all subnet bits set to 0’s or 1’s.
Server IP Address:
{XXX.XXX.XXX.XXX}
The IP Address of the Boot Server and the address of the SNMP
Trap Server when SNMP is active. If a server is used and there
is no local router, this address must be consistent with the
modem address. If a router has been specified, the address is
presumed to be reachable via the router. Broadcast and loop
back addresses will not be allowed. These are addresses with all
subnet bits set to 0’s or 1’s.
Router IP Address:
{XXX.XXX.XXX.XXX}
The IP Address of the Local Network Router. If a router is
present on the local network, this address must be consistent
with the IP Mask and the subnet of the modem. If no router is
present, then the address should be set to a foreign address. This
address is expressed in decimal format. Broadcast and loop back
addresses will not be allowed. These are addresses with all
subnet bits set to 0’s or 1’s.
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6.3.3.2Configuring Applications
Figure 6-7. Configuring Applications
SNMP Setup:
SNMP Version:
{V1 & 2, V3} Default = V1 & V2
Trap Version:
{V1 & 2} Default = V1
Authorization:
{TRAPS ON, TRAPS OFF} Default = TRAPS OFF
Read Community:
{Public} Default
Read/Write Community:
{Public} Default
FTP Setup:
UserID:
User
Password:
Password
MN-OM20– Revision 5
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SNMP
SNMP VERSION:
V1 & V2
TRAP VERSION:
V1
AUTHORIZATION:
TRAPS OFF
RD COMMUNITY:
PUBLIC
RDWR
COMMUNITY:
PUBLIC
USER 1
USER 2
USER 3
USER 4
Viewer-md5
Viewer-sha
Oper-md5
Oper-sha
ACCESS GROUP
ACCESS GROUP
ACCESS GROUP
ACCESS GROUP
VIEWER
VIEWER
OPER
OPER
AUTH PASSWORD
AUTH PASSWORD
AUTH PASSWORD
AUTH PASSWORD
Viewer
Viewer
Oper
Oper
PRIV PASSWORD
PRIV PASSWORD
PRIV PASSWORD
PRIV PASSWORD
Viewer
Viewer
Oper
Oper
AUTHENTICATION
AUTHENTICATION
MD5
SHA
AUTHENTICATION
MD5
AUTHENTICATION
SHA
PRIVACY
PRIVACY
PRIVACY
PRIVACY
DES
DES
DES
DES
Table 6-5. SNMP Parameters
FTP
USER ID:
USER
PASSWORD: PASSWORD
Table 6-6. FTP Parameters
WEB
Confirmation: disabled
USER 1
guest
ACCESS GROUP
guest
AUTH PASSWORD
guest
MN-OM20– Revision 5
USER 2
USER 3
oper
admin
ACCESS GROUP
ACCESS GROUP
oper
admin
AUTH PASSWORD
AUTH PASSWORD
oper
admin
Table 6-7. Web Parameters
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TERMINAL AND REMOTE PORT
Type
VT100
baud rate
19200
interface
rs232
remote control
terminal
Table 6-8. Terminal and Remote Port Parameters
NON-VOL: Stores and uses IP Mask and addresses as provided
by the user.
BOOTP: At boot time, use Bootp Protocol to get names, masks,
and IP Addresses of the modem, router, and server.
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Configuring the PC
Figure 6-8. Configuring the PC
MN-OM20– Revision 5
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6.3.4 Monitor and Control Menu
Under this menu, all modem functions that are monitored and/or controlled are accessible. To
access the M&C sub menu options drag the cursor across the gel-tabs. Note that as the cursor
passes over a tab it is highlighted and a menu drops below the tab. Stop on the desired tab move
the cursor down and then across to the desired function. Select the desired sub menu function and
the data entry menu will appear in the data entry section allowing for adjustments to the
parameters displayed.
6.3.4.1
Transmit Menu
The Transmit menu contains sub menus; General/IF, Data, Reed Solomon, ODU-BUC and
AUPC.
General / IF Menu
Figure 6-9. General | IF Menu
Network Spec:
MN-OM20– Revision 5
{CLOSED NET, IDR, IBS, DROP & INSERT, DVB SAT}
Used with IDR, or IBS Interface Only.
The Network Spec Command sets a number of parameters
within the modem to meet a set specification. The purpose is to
eliminate keystrokes and potential compatibility problems.
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Additionally, data rates not covered by the given network
specification of operation will not be allowed. If the mode of
operation is selected after the data rate has been entered, then the
data rate must be compatible with the desired mode of operation
or the mode will not be allowed. The following parameters are
set and cannot be changed while the unit is in the given mode of
operation:
IDR:
(IESS-308)
For Data rates 1.544, 2.048, 6.312, 8.448 Mbps
Framing Type: 96 Kbps (IDR)
Scrambler Type:
V.35
Spectrum Mask:
Intelsat
For Data Rates < 1.544
Framing Type: 1/15 (IBS)
Scrambler Type:
IESS-309
Spectrum Mask:
Intelsat
IBS:
(IESS-309)
Scrambler Type:
Drop & Insert:
Data Rates:
Framing Type:
DVB:
Data Rates:
Framing Type:
For Data Rates < 2048
Framing Type: 1/15 (IBS)
IESS-309
Spectrum Mask:
Intelsat
n x 64 n = 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 8, 10,12, 15,
16, 20, 24, 30
1/15 (IBS)
Scrambler Type:
IESS-309
Spectrum Mask:
Intelsat
All Rates
DVB
Scrambler Type:
Spectrum Mask:
DVB
DVB 0.25, 0.35
Closed Net:
All possible combinations allowed, however, DVB settings
requires the DVB network spec. Activates the AUPC Menu.
Strap Code:
MN-OM20– Revision 5
{Refer to Strap Code Guide, Table G-1}
The Strap Code is a quick set key that sets many modem
parameters. Consult the strap code guide for available strap
codes. Parameters set by strap code:
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Data Rate
Inner Code Rate
Satellite Framing
Scrambler
Drop and Insert
Outer Code Rate (Reed-Solomon)
Modulation
Network Spec
Frequency (MHz):
Allows the user to enter the Modulator IF Output Frequency of
the modem in 1 Hz increments.
Uplink Frequency (MHz):
Displays the output frequency of the BUC also referred to as
Satellite uplink frequency. The Radyne technician must enter
the BUC LO and OSC SIDE BAND before using this menu.
The UPLINK FREQUENCY is a calculated measurement of
both the BUC LO and OSC SIDE BAND. Once the menus are
entered correctly, the user can control the uplink Frequency from
this menu.
Power (dBm):
{-20 to -45 dBm}
Allows the user to enter the Transmitter Power Level.
Carrier Control:
{ON, OFF, AUTO, VSAT, RTS}
Allows the user to select the carrier type. Refer to Appendix C
for further information.
Spectrum:
{Normal, Inverted}
Allows the user to invert the direction of rotation for PSK
Modulation. Normal meets IESS Specification. Spectral
inversion may be required if the BUC LO is higher in frequency
than the BUC output frequency. This creates a spectral inversion
and the IF spectrum must be again inverted to compensate.
Modulation:
{QPSK, BPSK, OQPSK, 8PSK, 16QAM}
Allows the user to select the modulation type.
Spectral Mask:
{Intelsat 0.35, DVB SAT 0.35, DVB SAT 0.25}
Allows the user to set the spectral shape of Tx Data Filter
Compensation:
{0.0 – 1.0}
Allows you to offset output power by up to 1 dbm. This is
intended as a correction for user cabinet connectors.
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Data Menu
Figure 6-10. Data Menu
Data Rate (bps):
{Refer to Technical Specs for Data Rates}
Allows the user to set the Data Rate in bps steps.
Symbol Rate (sps):
Allows the user to view the Symbol Rate.
INNER FEC
Viterbi
Optional FEC Rates:
Sequential
Trellis 8PSK
Turbo ≤ 5 Mbps
Turbo ≤ 20Mbps
Comstream Seq
DVB VIT
DVB Trellis
{1/2, 3/4, 7/8, None}
{1/2, 3/4, 7/8}
{2/3}
{.793, .495}
{1/2, 3/4, 7/8}
{3/4}
{1/2, 2/3, 3/4, 5/6, 7/8}
{2/3, 5/6, 8/9}
Allows the user to select the Tx Code Rate and Type
TPC Interleaver:
MN-OM20– Revision 5
{DISABLE, ENABLE}
Allows user to disable or enable the TPC Interleaver. Valid only
for Radyne turbo codes TPC.495 and TPC.793
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Differential Coding:
{ENABLED, DISABLE}
Allows the user to enable or disable the Differential Encoder.
Having the encoder enabled ensures proper phase lock. May not
be adjustable in some modes.
Scrambler Selection:
{NONE, V.35-IESS, V.35 CITT, V.35 EF, IBS w/Optional
Framing and optional Reed-Solomon, Reed-Solomon
Scrambler w/Optional Framing, CCITT, V.35FC, OM-73,
V.35EF_RS, TPC, DVB, EDMAC}
Allows the user to select the descrambler type.
Scrambler Control:
{ENABLED, DISABLE}
Allows the user to enable or disable scrambler operation.
Satellite Framing:
{1/15 (IBS), 1/15 (Async), 96 Kbps (IDR), DVB, EDMAC,
EFAUPC, SCC, None}
Used with IDR, IBS, or Asynchronous Interface Only.
Allows the user to select the framing type.
Terrestrial Framing:
{NONE, 188, 204} DVB Only
Data Polarity:
{INV. TERR & BASE, INV. BASEBAND, INV.TERR
DATA, NONE}
Allows the user to invert the Tx Data polarity.
Symbol Pair:
{NONE, SWAPPED}
Allows the user to swap the I & Q Channels.
(BPSK Mode Only)
ESC Overhead:
{VOICE X2, DATA 64KBPS}
IDR ESC Channel used for Voice or 64 K data channel.
SCC Control Ratio:
SCC Inband Rate:
MN-OM20– Revision 5
{1:1,1:2, 1:3, 1:4, 1:5, 1:6, 1:7}
This function is only available when Tx Satellite Framing is
set to SCC.
Allows the user to simulate the framing used by the Satellite
Control Channel Option. Allows the user to set the ratio of
overhead in-band data to synchronizing words.
{300 to 115200}
This function is only available when Tx Satellite Framing is
set to SCC.
Allows the user to request the rate of in-band data for the
overhead channel.
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Async Inband Rate:
Web Browser/Remote Protocol
{75, 150, 300, 600. 1200, 2400, 4800, 9600, 19200, 38400,
57600, 115200}
Allows the user to select the async inband rate.
{150 – 1024} For IBS ES to ES
{150 – 19200} For ES to ES Enhanced
{150 – 115200} For SCC Communications
Reed-Solomon Menu
These selections are active only when the Reed-Solomon Option is installed.
Figure 6-11. Reed-Solomon Menu
Reed-Solomon Control:
Reed-Solomon Rate
N Value, K Value:
Interleaver Depth:
MN-OM20– Revision 5
{ENABLED, DISABLE}
Allows the user to Enable/Disable the Reed-Solomon Encoder.
{Refer to Table 3-1 for valid N/K values}
Displays the currently used n, k Reed-Solomon Codes. In
Closed Net Mode, the user may select custom R-S Codes.
{4, 8, 12}
Allows the user to select the Reed-Solomon interleaver depth. In
Closed Net Mode, a depth of 4, 8 or 12 may be selected.
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ODU BUC Menu
Figure 6-12. OBU-BUC menu
LO Frequency (MHz):
Allows the user to enter the Local Oscillator frequency of the
BUC LO in order for the uplink frequency to be displayed
correctly (refer to the BUC manufacturer’s specifications).
NOTE: When utilizing BUC that supports
FSK, the modem will display LO frequency
as stated by the BUC.
Carrier Delay (sec):
{0 to 255}
Allows the user to select the time delay after power-up before
the Tx Carrier may be enabled. This allows time for the BUC to
stabilize.
OSC Side Band:
{LOW SIDEBAND, HIGH SIDEBAND}
Allows the user to select the location of the BUC LO. The user
must enter the location of the BUC LO in order for the UPLINK
FREQUENCY to be displayed correctly. The BUC LO can be
either higher or lower in frequency than the BUC output
MN-OM20– Revision 5
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frequency. If the BUC LO is higher in frequency then the user
must enter HIGH SIDEBAND.
10 MHz BUC Reference:
{ENABLED, DISABLED}
Allows the user to enable or disable the 10 MHz BUC reference
clock.
Low Alarm Thrsh (Volts)
This menu allows the user to establish the lower voltage
threshold limit of the BUC. If voltage falls below this limit, an
alarm will flash.
High Alarm Thrsh (Volts)
This menu allows the user to establish the upper voltage
threshold limit of the BUC. If voltage exceeds the upper limit,
an alarm will flash.
Low Alarm Thrsh (Amps)
This menu allows the user to establish the lower Amp/current
threshold limit of the BUC. If current falls below this limit, an
alarm will flash.
High Alarm Thrsh (Amps)
This menu allows the user to establish the upper Amp/current
threshold limit of the BUC. If current exceeds the upper limit,
an alarm will flash.
BUC Voltage:
{ENABLED, DISABLED}
Allows the user to enable or disable the BUC supply voltage.
IMPORTANT
The following menus are for BUCs that support FSK command structure. If
user enables the FSK and the BUC does not support FSK, the modem will
display a fault or if the user selects the incorrect manufacturers BUC, the
unit will display a fault.
FSK COMMS
{OFF-NONE/CODAN/TERRASAT/AMPLUS}
(Only available when the FSK Comm is Enabled)
OFF/NONE:
Will disable the FSK Communication link. User must select this
option if the BUC does not support FSK or if the customer does
not want to utilize the FSK option.
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CODAN:
Enables the FSK Communication link for CODAN BUCs only.
This feature enables the DMD20LBST to retrieve and display
certain BUC parameters on the front panel of the modem.
TERRASAT:
Enables the FSK communication link for Terrasat BUCs only.
This feature enables the DMD20LBST to retrieve and display
certain BUC parameters on the front panel of the modem.
AMPLUS:
Enables the FSK communication link for AMPLUS BUCs only.
This feature enables the DMD20LBST to retrieve and display
certain BUC parameters on the front panel of the modem.
BUC ADDRESS
{xxxx}
Allows the user to enter the BUCs address for FSK
communications. Modem may be able to retrieve address
through the FSK Query for Address Test menu.
BUC OUTPUT
{ENABLED, DISABLED}
Allows the modem to enable and disable the output of the BUC
via FSK command
FSK TEST
{NONE/LOOPBACK/CYCLE TX ENABLE/QUERY FOR
ADDRESS/PASS THRU}
(Only available when the FSK Comm is Enabled)
NONE:
This is the none FSK operational mode.
LOOPBACK:
The FSK will initiate an internal loopback test of the FSK
transmitter and receiver verifying that the modem
communication link is functioning properly.
CYCLE TX ENABLE:
The modem will initiate a test of the FSK between the modem
and BUC. The LBST will enable and disable the BUC RF output
and verify that the commands are properly received and accepted
by the BUC and the modem. If communications are lost, LBST
will initiate a fault.
MN-OM20– Revision 5
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QUERY FOR ADDRESS
The modem will initiate a FSK query requesting BUC address.
PASS THRU:
Allows the user to communicate with the BUC utilizing the
BUCs message protocol
AUPC Menu
These selections are visible only when the AUPC Option is installed.
Figure 6-13. Aupc Menu
Local Mode: The 'LOCAL AUPC CONFIGURATION' Menu contains the local configuration
parameters for the AUPC Function.
MODE
{DISABLED, NEAR SIDE, RADYNE, EFDATA}
DISABLED: Allows the user to enable or disable the Local
AUPC Function of the local modem.
MN-OM20– Revision 5
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EFDATA: Enables EFDATA Local AUPC Function. In the
event that the remote or local demodulator losses lock, the output
power level will adjust itself to the level settings indicated in the
'REMOTE CL ACTION' Menu or the 'LOCAL CL ACTION'.
RADYNE: Enables Radyne Local AUPC Function. In the
event the remote demodulator losses lock, the local output power
level will adjust itself to the nominal level. This nominal power
should be set to a level high enough to re-establish
communications regardless of rain fade.
NEAR SIDE: Enables NEARSIDE Local AUPC function. In
the event the local demodulator losses lock due to signal loss, the
output power level will adjust itself to the nominal level. This
nominal power should be set to a level high enough to reestablish communications regardless of rain fade.
NOMINAL TX POWER
{-20 TO -45 dB}
This allows the user to set the nominal Transmit Power. The
nominal transmit power is the default output power level.
MINIMUM TX POWER
{-20 to -45 dB}
This allows the user to set the minimum Transmit Power.
EFDATA AUPC: When configured for EFDATA AUPC the
minimum Transmit Power is the lowest power setting that will
be used when the local modem commands a decrease of the
Transmit Power from the Remote modem.
RADYNE: When configured for Radyne AUPC, the minimum
Transmit Power is the lowest power setting that will be used
when the remote modem commands a decrease of the Transmit
Power from the Local modem.
NEARSIDE: When configured for NEARSIDE AUPC the
minimum Transmit Power is the lowest power setting that will
be used by the local modem when the Eb/No increases above the
Eb/No target.
MAXIMUM TX POWER
{-20 to -45 dB}
This allows the user to set the maximum Transmit Power.
EF AUPC: When configured for EF AUPC, the maximum
Transmit Power is the highest power setting that the local
modem will use when the local modem commands an increase in
Transmit power from the Remote modem.
RADYNE: When configured for Radyne AUPC, the maximum
Transmit Power is the highest power setting that will be used
when the remote modem commands an increase of the Transmit
Power from the Local modem
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NEARSIDE: When configured for NEARSIDE AUPC the
maximum Transmit Power is the highest power setting that will
be used by the local modem when the Eb/No decreases below
the Eb/No target.
TARGET Eb/No
{4.0 to 16 dB}
This allows the user to set the desired Eb/No for the local
receiver.
RADYNE AUPC: When configured for Radyne AUPC, this
setting is compared against the remote Eb/No and commands to
the local modem to increase or decrease the local transmit
power.
EF AUPC: When configured for EF AUPC, this setting is
compared against the local received Eb/No and commands to the
remote modem to increase or decrease transmit power.
NEARSIDE: When configured for NEARSIDE AUPC, this
setting is compared against the received Eb/No of the local
modem and commands to the local modem to increase or
decrease transmit power.
TRACKING RATE
{0.5 to 6.0}
Allows the user to set the rate at which the commands to increase
or decrease Transmit Power are sent. Each command will result
in a 0.5 dB increase or decrease in Transmit Power from the
remote transmitter. The tracking rate is adjustable from 0.5 dB
per minute to 6.0 dB per minute in 0.5 dB steps. (Only
available when EFAUPC is selected as the framing)
LOCAL CL ACTION
{HOLD, NOMINAL, MAXIMUM}
This allows the user to set the Remote Transmit Power Setting to
be used when the local modem receiver loses lock. The setting
can be 'HOLD' (no action taken), 'NOMINAL' (the nominal
Transmit Power Setting is used), and 'MAXIMUM' (the
maximum Transmit Power Setting is used). (Only available
when EFAUPC is selected as the framing)
REMOTE CL ACTION
{HOLD, NOMINAL, MAXIMUM}
This allows the user to set the Local Transmit Power Setting to
be used when the remote modem receiver loses lock. The setting
can be 'HOLD' (no action taken), 'NOMINAL' (the nominal
Transmit Power Setting is used), and 'MAXIMUM' (the
maximum Transmit Power Setting is used).
REMOTE AUPC (menu)
MN-OM20– Revision 5
The 'REMOTE AUPC CONFIGURATION' Menu contains the
remote configuration parameters for the AUPC Function.
Remote AUPC menus are only available when modem is
configured for EF AUPC
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OM20 Universal Outdoor Modem
AUPC MODE
Web Browser/Remote Protocol
{DISABLE,NEAR SIDE, EFDATA}
Allows the user to enable or disable the AUPC Function of the remote modem. The remote AUPC Function is the
response of the local modem to commands for an increase or decrease of the Transmit Power in 0.5 dB steps and the command to change to
the setting indicated in the 'REMOTE CL ACTION' Menu of the remote modem upon receiver loss of lock.
LOOPBACK
{DISABLE, ENABLE}
Allows the user to enable or disable the Baseband Loopback Test
Mode of the remote modem.
TX 2047 TEST
{DISABLE, ENABLE}
Allows the user to enable or disable the Transmit 2047 Pattern
Test Mode of the remote modem.
RX 2047 BER:
Reports the BER measurement of the receiver 2047 Pattern Test
Mode of the remote modem. BER is reported from the 1x10-5 to
1x10-7 in tenth decade steps.
if the pattern does not synchronize or is out of range, ‘NO
DATA’ will be displayed.
IMPORTANT
When modems are configured for Radyne AUPC, the remote Eb/No will be
displayed in the Monitor Menus.
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6.3.4.2
Web Browser/Remote Protocol
Receive Menu
The Receive menu contains sub menus; General | IF, Data, Reed Solomon and ODU-LNB.
General | IF Configuration Menu
Figure 6-14. General | IF Configuration
Network Spec:
{IDR, IBS, DROP & INSERT, CLOSED NET, DVB SAT}
Used with IDR, or IBS Interface Only.
The Mode Command sets a number of parameters within the
modem to meet a set specification. The purpose is to eliminate
keystrokes and potential compatibility problems. Additionally,
data rates not covered by the given mode of operation will not be
allowed. If the mode of operation is selected after the data rate
has been entered, then the data rate must be compatible with the
desired mode of operation or the mode will not be allowed. The
following parameters are set and cannot be changed while the
unit is in the given mode of operation:
IDR:
(IESS-308)
For Data rates 1.544, 2.048, 6.312, 8.448 Mbps
Framing Type:
96 Kbps (IDR)
Descrambler type:
V.35
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Spectrum Mask:
Intelsat
For Data Rates < 1.544 Mbps
Framing Type:
1/15 (IBS)
Descrambler Type:
IESS-309
Spectrum Mask:
Intelsat
IBS:
(IESS-309)
For Data Rates < 2.048 Mbps
Framing Type:
1/15 (IBS)
Descrambler Type:
IESS-309
Spectrum Mask:
Intelsat
Drop & Insert:
Data Rates:
Framing Type:
Descrambler Type:
Spectrum Mask:
DVB:
Data Rates:
Framing Type:
Spectrum Mask:
n x 64, n = 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 8, 10, 12, 15,
16, 20, 24, 30
1/15 (IBS)
IESS-309
Intelsat
All Rates
DVB
Scrambler Type:
DVB 0.25, 0.35
DVB
Closed Net:
All possible combinations allowed, however, DVB settings
requires the DVB network spec.
Strap Code:
The Strap Code is a quick set key that sets many modem
parameters. Consult the strap code guide for available strap
codes. Parameters set by strap code:
Data Rate
Inner Code Rate
Satellite Framing
Scrambler
Drop and Insert
Outer Code Rate (Reed-Solomon)
Modulation
Network Spec
Frequency (MHz):
MN-OM20– Revision 5
{950 – 2050 MHz}
Allows the user to enter the Modulator IF Frequency in 1 Hz
increments.
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Downlink Frequency (MHz): Displays the input frequency into the LNB from the satellite,
also referred known as Satellite downlink frequency. The user
must enter the LNB LO and OSC SIDEBAND of the LNB
before using this menu. The DOWNLINK FREQUENCY is a
calculated measurement of both the LNB LO and OSC SIDE
BAND. Once the menus are entered correctly, the user can
control the downlink Frequency from this menu.
Spectrum:
{Normal, Inverted}
Allows the user to invert the direction of rotation for PSK
Demodulation. Normal meets IESS Specification.
Spectral inversion may be required if the LNB LO is higher in frequency
than the LNB input frequency from the satellite. When LNB LO is higher in
frequency than the LNB input frequency, this creates a spectral inversion
and the IF Spectrum must be inverted to compensate.
Demodulation:
{QPSK, BPSK, OQPSK, 8PSK, 16QAM}
Allows the user to select the demodulation type.
Spectral Mask:
{Intelsat 0.35, DVB 0.35, DVB 0.25}
Allows the user to invert the direction of rotation for PSK
Modulation. Normal meets the IESS Specification.
Sweep Range (kHz):
{±0 to 255 kHz}
Allows the user to set the acquisition range for the demodulator
Sweep Delay (sec):
{0.0 – 900.0 sec}
Allows the user to set the reacquisition delay time in 1/10th
second increments.
Reacquisition Range (Hz):
{0 – 32000 Hz}
Allows the user to set the reacquisition sweep in 1 Hz
increments.
Adj Carrier Pwr:
{Normal, Suppressed}
Allows the user to indicate adjacent carrier as Normal or
Suppressed (High Power). Unit will increase or decrease post
dissemination gain appropriately.
Fast Acquisition:
{DISABLED, ENABLED}
Allows the user to disable or enable the Rx fast acquisition
capability.
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Limitations of Fast Acquisition:
The maximum symbol rate for Fast Acquisition is 1028Ksps.
Fast Acquisition must be disabled for rates greater than 1028Ksps.
Only supports QPSK and 8PSK in a NON-DVB MODE.
Does not support spectral inversion applications.
Carrier Input Level Limit:
{-30 to 90 dBm}
Allows the user to adjust the low level threshold limit for input power. Input power level below the threshold limit will
trigger a major alarm on the demodulator.
EB/NO Alarm Thrsh
{0.0 to 9.90 dB}
Allows the user to set the desired Eb/No for the local receiver.
This setting is compared against the receive Eb/No and
commands to the remote modem to increase or decrease
Transmit Power accordingly are sent.
Data Menu
Figure 4-15. Data Menu
MN-OM20– Revision 5
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Data Rate (bps):
{Refer to Technical Specs for Data Rates}
Allows the user to set the Data Rate in bps steps via the Front
Panel Arrows or Keypad.
Symbol Rate (sps):
Allows the user to view the Symbol Rate.
INNER FEC
Viterbi
Optional FEC Rates:
Sequential
Trellis 8PSK
Turbo ≤ 5 Mbps
Turbo ≤ 20Mbps
Comstream Seq
DVB VIT
DVB Trellis
{1/2, 3/4, 7/8, None}
{1/2, 3/4, 7/8}
{2/3}
{.793, .495}
{1/2, 3/4, 7/8}
{3/4}
{1/2, 2/3, 3/4, 5/6, 7/8}
{2/3, 5/6, 8/9}
Allows the user to select the Rx Code Rate and Type.
TPC Interleaver
{DISABLED, ENABLED}
Allows the user to disable or enable TPC Interleaver. Valid only
for Radyne turbo codes TPC.495 and TPC.793.
Differential Encoding
{ENABLED, DISABLE}
Allows the user to enable or disable the Differential Decoder.
Having the decoder enabled ensures proper phase lock. May not
be adjustable in some modes.
Scrambler Selection
{NONE, V.35-IESS, V.35 CITT, V.35 EF, IBS w/Optional
Framing and optional Reed-Solomon, Reed-Solomon
Scrambler w/Optional Framing, CCITT, V.35FC, OM-73,
V.35EF_RS, TPC, DVB, EDMAC}
Allows the user to select the descrambler type.
Scrambler Control
{ON, OFF}
Allows the user to enable or disable the descrambler operation.
Satellite Framing
{1/15 (IBS), 1/15 (Async), 96 Kbps (IDR), EDMAC,
EFAUPC, SCC, None}
Used with IDR, IBS, or Asynchronous Interface Only.
Allows the user to select the Framing Type.
Terrestrial Framing
{NONE, 188, 204} DVB only
Allows the user to select the Receive Terrestrial Framing.
Data Polarity
{INV. TERR & BASE, INV. BASEBAND, INV.TERR
DATA, NONE}
Allows the user to invert the Rx Data polarity.
Symbol Pair:
Symbol Pair: {NONE, SWAPPED}
Allows the user to swap the I & Q Channels.
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(BPSK Mode Only)
ESC Overhead
{VOICE X2, DATA 64KBPS}
IDR ESC Channel used for Voice or 64 K data channel.
SCC Control Ratio
{1/1, 1/2, 1/3, 1/4, 1/5, 1/6, 1/7}
NOTE: Only available (visible) when SCC is selected for the
Rx Satellite Framing
Allows the user to simulate the framing used by the Satellite
Control Channel Option (Pass Thru Mode only). The SCC CTL
RATIO is the ratio of overhead in-band data to synchronizing
words.
SCC Inband Rate
{300 to 115200}
NOTE: Only available (visible) when SCC is selected for the
Rx Satellite Framing
Allows the user to request the rate of in-band data for the
overhead channel.
Async Inband Rate:
{75, 150, 300, 600, 1200, 2400, 4800, 9600, 19200, 38400,
57600, 115200}
Allows the user to select the async inband rate.
Reed-Solomon Menu
Figure 6-16. Reed-Solomon Menu
MN-OM20– Revision 5
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OM20 Universal Outdoor Modem
ReedSolomon Control:
Web Browser/Remote Protocol
{ENABLED, DISABLED}
Allows the user to Enable/Disable the Reed-Solomon Encoder.
RS N Value:
{Refer to Table 3-1 for valid n/k values}
Displays the currently used N value, Reed-Solomon Codes. In
Closed Net Mode, the user may select custom R-S Codes if
optional Reed Solomon Card is installed.
RS K Value:
{Refer to Table 3-1 for valid n/k values}
Displays the currently used K value, Reed-Solomon Codes. In
Closed Net Mode, the user may select custom R-S Codes if
optional Reed Solomon Card is installed.
Rx Interleaver Depth:
{4, 8, 12}
ODU-LNB Menu
Figure 6-17. ODU-LNB Menu
LO Frequency (MHz):
Allows the user to enter the Local Oscillator frequency in MHz
in order for the downlink frequency to be displayed correctly
(refer to the LNB manufacturer’s specifications).
Osc Side Band:
{LOW SIDEBAND, HIGH SIDEBAND}
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Allows the user to select the location of the LNB LO. The user
must enter the location of the LNB LO in order for the UPLINK
FREQUENCY to be displayed correctly. The LNB LO can be
either higher or lower in frequency than the LNB output
frequency. If the LNB LO is higher in frequency then the user
must enter HIGH SIDEBAND.
10 MHz LNB Reference:
LNB Voltage
{ENABLED, DISABLED}
Allows the user to enable or disable the 10 MHz BUC reference
clock.
{ENABLED, DISABLED}
Allows the user to enable/disable LNB supply voltage.
Low Alarm Thrsh (Volts)
This menu allows the user to establish the lower voltage
threshold limit of the LNB. If voltage falls below this limit, an
alarm will flash.
High Alarm Thrsh (Volts)
This menu allows the user to establish the upper voltage
threshold limit of the LNB. If voltage exceeds this limit, an
alarm will flash.
Low Alarm Thrsh (Amps)
This menu allows the user to establish the lower current/amp
threshold limit of the LNB. If current falls below this limit, an
alarm will flash.
This menu allows the user to establish the upper current
threshold limit of the LNB. If current exceeds this limit, an
alarm will flash.
{13 VDC, 15 VDC, 18 VDC, 20 VDC}
High Alarm Thrsh (Amps)
Voltage Select
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6.3.4.3
Web Browser/Remote Protocol
Interface Menu
TX Setup Menu
Figure 4-18. TX Setup Menu
Circuit ID :
Allows the user entry of a Tx Circuit Identifier. Circuits can be
given up to an 11 Character alphanumeric identity such as
LINK1.
Terrestrial Interface:
{RS422 SERIAL, G.703 E2, G.703 T2 BAL, G.703 T2
UNBAL, G.703 E1 BAL, G.703 E1 UNBAL, G.703 T1 AMI,
G.703 T1 B8ZS, V.35, ASI, ETHERNET}
Allows the user to select the Transmit Type.
Terr. Clock Source:
{SCTE, SCT}
Allows the user to select the Transmit Clock Source.
Tx Clock Polarity:
{AUTO, NORMAL, INVERTED}
Allows the user to select the Clock Polarity for the Tx Terrestrial
Clock relative to the Tx Data. “Auto” detects wrong polarity and
automatically corrects. If G.703 Interface is selected, this
selection cannot be changed.
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SCT Clock Source:
{SCT, SCR}
Allows the user to select SCT Source. SCT is the internally
generated SCT clock. SCR is the Rx Satellite clock. SCR us used
for loop timing.
SCT Clock Polarity:
{AUTO, NORMAL, INVERTED}
Allows the user to select the Clock Polarity for the SCT Clock
relative to the Tx Data. “Auto” detects wrong polarity and
automatically corrects. If G.703 Interface is selected, this
selection cannot be changed.
Esc Ch. 1 Gain
Provides gain in channel 1of engineering service channel in 96K
framing mode.
Esc Ch. 2 Gain
Provides gain in channel 2 of engineering service channel in 96K
framing mode.
Eth Flow Control:
{Disabled, Enabled}
Allows the user to disable or enable flow control. Only visible
when Ethernet is selected as the interface type.
Eth Daisy Chain:
{Disabled, Port 4}
Allows the user to disable the Ethernet Port Daisy Chaining or
enable it on Port 4. Only visible when Ethernet is selected as the
interface type.
ETH QOS Type
{NORMAL, PORT BASED}
Selects the standard DMD20 priority hierarchy of processing an
IEEE 803.3ac Tag, Ipv4 Type of Service Field / Differentiated
Services Field, or Ipv6 Traffic Class Field. The Port Based
priority overrides any standard priority. When operating in this
mode, Port 1 (JS1) has the highest priority and Port 4 (JS4) has
the lowest.
ETH QOS Queue
{FAIR WEIGHTED, STRICT PRIORITY}
Selects the standard DMD20 queue weighting of 8,4,2,1 that
insures even the lowest priority traffic gets some bandwidth.
Strict Priority insures that the higher priority traffic will always
be transmitted before any lower priority traffic. With this setting,
the lower priority traffic can starve.
TX ASYNC
Async Mode:
{ES-ES, ESC ENHANCED}
ES-ES is the normal IBS Async Channel. ESC Enhanced can be
selected in Closed Net and uses the Overhead Signaling bytes in
the IBS Overhead to pass asynchronous data. This menu is not
available when SCC is selected.
ES Interface:
{RS-232, RS-485}
Allows the user to select the interface type.
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ES Baud Rate:
Web Browser/Remote Protocol
{150 – 1024} For IBS ES to ES
{150 – 19200} For ES to ES Enhanced
{150 – 115200} For SCC Communications
ES to ES : Fixed Baud Rate based on IBS Network
Specification. Available rates are listed in Table 3-3.
SCC: Allows user to select the interface Baud rate. Interface
Rate must be equal to or greater than the In-Band Rate.
ES Bits/Char:
DROP MAP
{7,8}
Allows the user to choose between 7 or 8 bit data.
The Drop Map displays the current programmed Tx drop map
for the modem. (Refer to Section 3.13, “Drop and Insert
Mapping” in this manual).
Drop Mode:
{NONE, T1-D4, T1-ESF, PCM-30, PCM-30C, PCM-31,
PCM-31C, T1-D4-S, T1-ESF-S.}
Drop mode may only be changed from none when the drop and
insert specified is in use.
Terrestrial Time Slot:
{1-31}
Allows the user to edit the Tx Edit map to specify the terrestrial
slots that will be dropped into the assigned satellite channels.
The satellite channels are fixed and the number of channels is
determined by the data rate. The terrestrial time slots available
are determined by the drop mode.
Reset Map:
Allows the user to reset the Tx D&I Map Time Slots.
Submit Map: Allows the user to Submit the Tx D&I Map Time Slots.
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RX Setup Menu
Figure 6-19. RX Setup Menu
Circuit ID:
Provides entry of Rx Circuit Identifier. Circuits can be given up
to an 11 Character alphanumeric Identity such as DLINK1
Terrestrial Streaming:
{BYTE OUTPUT, PACKET OUTPUT} ASI only
Byte output = continuous
Packet output = burst
Terrestrial Interface:
{RS422 SERIAL, G.703 T2 UNBAL, G.703 E1 BAL, G.703
E1 UNBAL, G.703 T1 AMI, G.703 T1 B8ZS, V.35,
ETHERNET}
Allows the user to select the Receive Type.
Esc Ch. 1 Gain
Provides gain in channel 1of engineering service channel in 96K
framing mode.
Esc Ch. 2 Gain
Provides gain in channel 2 of engineering service channel in 96K
framing mode.
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BUFFER CLOCK CONTROL
Buffer Size (msec):
{0 - 64 msecs}
Allows the user to set the Doppler Buffer Size in msec.
Buffer Clock Polarity:
{NORMAL, INVERTED}
Allows the user to select the Buffer Clock Polarity for the Tx
Terrestrial Clock relative to the Tx Data. If G.703 Interface is
selected, this selection cannot be changed.
Number of Buffer Sources:
{1 – 5}
Allows the user to select up to 5 clock sources.
Active Buffer Clock:
{RXSAT, EXTBNC, SCTE, SCT, EXT IDI}
Shows the current active buffer clock source.
BUFFER CLOCK SOURCES
Source 1 of 1:
{SCTE, SCE, RX SAT, EXT BNC, EXT IDI}
Source 2:
{SCTE, SCE, RX SAT, EXT BNC, EXT IDI}
Source 3:
{SCTE, SCE, RX SAT, EXT BNC, EXT IDI}
Source 4:
{SCTE, SCE, RX SAT, EXT BNC, EXT IDI}
Source 5:
{SCTE, SCE, RX SAT, EXT BNC, EXT IDI}
RX ASYNC
Async Mode:
{ES-ES, ESC ENHANCED}
ES-ES is displayed when IBS Network Spec is selected. ESC
Enhanced can be selected in Closed Net and uses the Overhead
Signaling bytes in the IBS Overhead to pass asynchronous data.
This menu is not available when SCC is selected.
ES Interface:
{RS-232, RS-485}
Allows the user to select the interface type.
ES Baud Rate:
{150 – 1024} For IBS ES to ES
{150 – 19200} For ES to ES Enhanced
{150 – 115200} For SCC Communications
ES to ES : Fixed Baud Rate based on IBS Network
Specification. Available rates are listed in Table 3-3.
MN-OM20– Revision 5
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ES to ES Enhanced: Allows user to select the Interface Baud
Rate. This selection will allow the user to set rate as listed in
Table 3-3.
SCC: Allows user to select the interface Baud rate. Interface
Rate must be equal to or greater than the In-Band Rate.
ES Bits/Char:
INSERT MAP
Insert Mode:
Submit Map:
{7,8}
Allows the user to choose between 7 or 8 bit data.
The Insert Map displays the current programmed Rx Insert map
for the modem. (Refer to Section 3.13, “Drop and Insert
Mapping” in this manual).
{NONE, T1-D4, T1-ESF, PCM-30, PCM-30C, PCM-31,
PCM-31C, T1-D4-S, T1-ESF-S.}
Insert mode may only be changed from none when the drop and
insert specified is in use.
Allows the user to Submit the Rx D&I Map Time Slots.
Reset Map:
Allows the user to reset the Rx D&I Map Time Slots.
T1/E1 Frame Src:
T1/E1 FRAME SRC {INTERNAL, EXTERNAL}
Selects the frame source for T1 or E1 framing.
Terrestrial Time Slot:
{1-31}
Allows the user to edit the Rx Edit map to specify the terrestrial
slots that will be inserted into the assigned satellite channels.
The satellite channels are fixed and the number of channels are
determined by the data rate. The terrestrial time slots available
are determined by the drop mode.
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General Menu
Figure 6-20. General Menu
External Frequency (MHz):
Reference Frequency
Source:
{Variable Through Data Rate}
Allows the user to select the external clock frequency in MHz.
{INTERNAL, EXTERNAL, HIGH-STABILITY}
Reference Frequency (MHz):
MN-OM20– Revision 5
{EXTERNAL, HIGH-STABILITY}
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6.3.4.4
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Monitor Menu
General | Voltages Menu
Figure 4-21. General | Voltages Menu
IMPORTANT
LNB and BUC options are only available on the
DMD20LBST and the OM20.
Rx Offset Frequency (Hz):
Displays the received carrier frequency offset as measured by the
modem.
Rx Input Level (dBm):
Displays the estimated receive signal level as seen by the
Demodulator. This window is active continuously and is above
the Gel Tab area.
Eb/No (dB):
Displays the estimated Eb/No as seen by the demodulator. This
window is active continuously and is above the Gel Tab area.
Raw BER:
Displays the estimated channel error rate (before decoding)
measured by the modem. This window is active continuously
and is above the Gel Tab area.
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Corrected BER:
The CBER display shows an estimated corrected bit error rate of
the modem. Depending on the symbol rate the modem is
running, the high-end performance scale of this display will vary
(10 E-9, 10-10 or 10-11). At some symbol rates, a better than scale
reading will appear as 0.0 x 10-00. At other symbol rates, it will
appear as E**. In either case, they both mean performance is
better than the scale upper limit. This window continuously is
active and is above the Gel Tab area.
Rx Buffer Level (Fill %):
{0 – 100%}
Displays the status of the Doppler Buffer. This window is above
the Gel Tab area.
Rx Bit Errors:
?
+1.5V TX Supply
Displays the measured voltage of the 1.5 Volt Tx power bus
located inside the modem.
+1.5V RX Supply
Displays the measured voltage of the 1.5 Volt Rx power bus
located inside the modem.
+3.3V Supply
Displays the measured voltage of the +3.3 Volt power bus
located inside the modem.
+5V Supply
Displays the measured voltage of the +5 Volt power bus located
inside the modem.
+12V Supply
Displays the measured voltage of the +12 Volt power bus located
inside the modem.
-12V Supply
Displays the measured voltage of the -12 Volt power bus located
inside the modem.
+20V Supply
Displays the measured voltage of the +20 Volt power bus located
inside the modem.
LNB Current (Amps):
Displays the measured current of the LNB
LNB Voltage (Volts):
Displays the measured voltage of the LNB
BUC Current (Amps):
Displays the measured current of the BUC
BUC Voltage (Volts):
Displays the measured voltage of the BUCB
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Monitor Eth Link Status Menu
Figure 6-22. ETH Link Status Menu
Total Packets:
Displays the total number of Ethernet packets received from the
satellite (Only visible when Ethernet is selected as the interface
type).
Error Packets:
Displays the number of erred Ethernet packets received from the
satellite (Only visible when Ethernet is selected as the interface
type).
PKT Error Rate:
Displays the satellite Packet Error Rate (Only visible when
Ethernet is selected as the interface type).
Reset Ethernet Packet Stats:
Allows the user to reset the Ethernet packet statistics by pressing
this button (Only visible when Ethernet is selected as the
interface type).
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IMPORTANT
The status of the following ports may be one of the following:
Down:
Unresolved:
10 Mbps Half:
10 Mbps Full:
100 Mbps Half:
100 Mbps Full:
PORT 1 STATUS
The link is down.
Unable to agree on connection speed.
Connected at 10 Base-T Half Duplex.
Connected at 10 Base-T Full Duplex.
Connected at 100 Base-T Half Duplex.
Connected at 100 Base-T Full Duplex.
{See the note above}
Displays the current status of LAN Port 1.
PORT 2 STATUS
{See the note above}
Displays the current status of LAN Port 2.
PORT 3 STATUS
{See the note above}
Displays the current status of LAN Port 3.
PORT 4 STATUS
{See the note above}
Displays the current status of LAN Port 4.
WAN STATUS
{See the note above}
Displays the current status of the WAN Port.
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Event Menu
Figure 6-23. Event Menu
Delete All:
Cleans the entire event buffer.
Event Type:
I
Informational
Y
Yellow alarm. Indicates a transmit or receive warning condition.
R
Red alarm. Indicates a transmit or receive failure,
losing traffic.
IMPORTANT
The Event Buffer may be sorted by warning level, time, date, or
event description. This feature may be used to further investigate
event occurrences.
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6.3.4.5
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Alarms Menu
Transmit Menu
Figure 6-24. Transmit Menu
MAJOR ALARMS
FPGA Config:
{Pass/Fail, Unmasked/Masked}
Indicates a transmit FPGA configuration failure.
DSP Config:
{Pass/Fail, Unmasked/Masked}
Indicates a transmit DSP configuration failure.
Sct Clock PLL:
{Pass/Fail, Unmasked/Masked}
Indicates that the Tx SCT Clock PLL is not locked. This alarm
will flash on during certain modem parameter changes. A solid
indication points toward a configuration failure within the
modem.
Sym Clock PLL:
{Pass/Fail, Unmasked/Masked}
Indicates that the Tx Symbol Clock PLL is not locked. This
alarm will flash on during certain modem parameter changes. A
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solid indication points toward a problem with the incoming clock
to the modem (SCTE).
LB Synth PLL:
{Pass/Fail, Unmasked/Masked}
Indicates that the Tx L-Band Synthesizer is not locked. This
alarm will flash on during certain modem parameter changes. A
solid indication points toward a configuration problem within the
modem.
BUC Current:
{Pass/Fail, Unmasked/Masked}
Indicates that current is either below or above the threshold
limits of the BUC, as specified by the OM20. Only active when
BUC Voltage is enabled
BUC Voltage:
{Pass/Fail, Unmasked/Masked}
Indicates that the voltage is not functioning correctly when the
BUC Voltage is enabled.
Ethernet WAN
{Pass/Fail, Unmasked/Masked}
Indicates that the interface card is faulted and will not pass data
(displays only when the Ethernet Card is installed and the
Ethernet Interface is selected).
MINOR ALARMS
Terr Clock Act:
{Pass/Fail, Unmasked/Masked}
Indicates no Terrestrial Clock activity.
Terr Data Act:
{Pass/Fail, Unmasked/Masked}
Indicates no Tx Data activity.
Terr AIS:
{Pass/Fail, Unmasked/Masked}
Indicates that AIS has been detected in the Tx Data Stream.
DnI Frame Lock:
{Pass/Fail, Unmasked/Masked}
Indicates that the TX Oversample Clock PLL is not locked. This
alarm will flash on during certain modem parameter changes. A
solid indication points toward a configuration problem within the
modem.
DnI MFrame Lock:
{Pass/Fail, Unmasked/Masked}
Indicates that Tx Composite Clock PLL is not locked. This
alarm will flash on during certain modem parameter changes. A
solid indication points toward a problem with the incoming clock
to the modem (SCTE).
DVB Frame Lock:
{Pass/Fail, Unmasked/Masked}
Indicates that Tx input data stream framing does not match the
user selected TX TERR FRAMING.
RESET LATCHED ALARMS:
MN-OM20– Revision 5
Clicking on this button will reset (Clear) all Latched Alarms
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FORCE ALARM TEST:
Web Browser/Remote Protocol
Clicking on this button will force alarms
Receive Menu
Figure 6-25. Receive Menu
MAJOR ALARMS
FPGA Config:
{Pass/Fail, Unmasked/Masked}
Indicates a receive FPGA hardware failure.
DSP Config:
{Pass/Fail, Unmasked/Masked}
Indicates a receive DSP failure.
Signal Lock:
{Pass/Fail, Unmasked/Masked}
Indicates that the demod is unable to lock to a signal.
Input Level;
{Pass/Fail, Unmasked/Masked}
Indicates Rx signal level has fallen below input threshold.
Frame Lock:
{Pass/Fail, Unmasked/Masked}
Indicates that the Framing Unit is unable to find the expected
framing pattern.
MFramelock:
{Pass/Fail, Unmasked/Masked}
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This alarm will flash on during certain modem parameter
changes. A solid indication points toward a problem with the
incoming clock to the modem (SCTE).
LB Synth PLL:
{Pass/Fail, Unmasked/Masked}
Indicates that the Rx L-Band Synthesizer is not locked. This
alarm will flash on during certain modem parameter changes. A
solid indication points toward a configuration problem within the
modem.
LNB Current:
{Pass/Fail, Unmasked/Masked}
Indicates that current is either below or above the threshold
limits of the LNB, as specified by the OM20. Only active when
LNB Voltage is enabled.
LNB Voltage:
{Pass/Fail, Unmasked/Masked}
Indicates that voltage is not functioning correctly when voltage
is enabled.
Ethernet WAN:
{Pass/Fail, Unmasked/Masked}
Indicates that the interface card is faulted and will not pass data
(displays only when the Ethernet Card is installed and the
Ethernet Interface is selected).
MINOR ALARMS
Buffer Underflow:
{Pass/Fail, Unmasked/Masked}
Indicates that a Doppler Buffer underflow has occurred.
Buff Near Empty:
{Pass/Fail, Unmasked/Masked}
Indicates that the Doppler Buffer is about to underflow.
Buff Near Full:
{Pass/Fail, Unmasked/Masked}
Indicates that the Doppler Buffer is about to overflow.
Buffer Overflow:
{Pass/Fail, Unmasked/Masked}
Indicates that a Doppler Buffer overflow has occurred.
Rx Data Activity:
{Pass/Fail, Unmasked/Masked}
Indicates that there is no Rx Data activity.
Satellite AIS:
{Pass/Fail, Unmasked/Masked}
Indicates that AIS has been detected in the receive satellite data
stream.
DnI Frame Lock:
{Pass/Fail, Unmasked/Masked}
Indicates if drop/insert data is frame locked.
DnI MFrame Lock:
{Pass/Fail, Unmasked/Masked}
Indicates if drop/insert data has multiframe lock.
Insert CRC:
{Pass/Fail, Unmasked/Masked}
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Indicates if the Circular Redundancy Check is passing in PCM30C and PCM-31C Modes.
T1/E1 Signaling:
{Pass/Fail, Unmasked/Masked}
Indicates that the Framing Unit is unable to find the expected
framing pattern.
IFEC Lock:
{Pass/Fail, Unmasked/Masked}
Indicates that the Framing Unit is unable to find the expected
framing pattern.
OFEC Lock
:
{Pass/Fail, Unmasked/Masked}
Indicates that the Reed-Solomon Decoder is not locked.
Interleaver:
{Pass/Fail, Unmasked/Masked}
Indicates that the Reed Solomon Interleaver is not synchronized.
{Pass/Fail, Unmasked/Masked}
Indicates status of the Reed Solomon uncoded word fault.
RS Uncorr. Word:
Ebno:
{Pass/Fail, Unmasked/Masked}
Indicates that the Eb/No is outside of limits.
Rx Level:
{Pass/Fail, Unmasked/Masked}
Indicates if Rx level is below allowable limits.
IBS BER:
{Pass/Fail, Unmasked/Masked}
Indicates that there are more than one in 1000 bits in error in IBS
Mode.
DVB Frame Lock:
{Pass/Fail, Unmasked/Masked}
Indicates that the Rx Satellite Data Stream Framing is not DVB.
RESET LATCHED ALARMS
Clicking on this button will reset (Clear) all Latched Alarms
FORCE ALARM TEST
Clicking on this button will force alarms.
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Common Menu
Figure 6-26. Common Menu
COMMON ALARMS
Terr FPGA Cfg:
{Pass/Fail, Unmasked/Masked}
Indicates an Interface Card FPGA configuration failure.
Codec FPGA Cfg:
{Pass/Fail, Unmasked/Masked}
Indicates Turbo Codec Card FPGA configuration failure.
Codec Dev Cfg:
{Pass/Fail, Unmasked/Masked}
Indicates Turbo Codec Card ASIC configuration failure.
ExtClk Activity:
{Pass/Fail, Unmasked/Masked}
Indicates External Clock Activity failure.
ExtRef Activity:
{Pass/Fail, Unmasked/Masked}
Indicates External Reference Activity failure.
ExtRef Lock:
{Pass/Fail, Unmasked/Masked}
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VOLTAGE ALARMS
+1.5V RX Supply
{Pass/Fail, Unmasked/Masked}
Displays the measured voltage of the 1.5 Volt Rx power bus
located inside the modem.
-1.5V TX Supply
{Pass/Fail, Unmasked/Masked}
Displays the measured voltage of the 1.5 Volt Tx power bus
located inside the modem.
+3.3V Supply
{Pass/Fail, Unmasked/Masked}
Displays the measured voltage of the +3.3 Volt power bus
located inside the modem.
+5V Supply
{Pass/Fail, Unmasked/Masked}
Displays the measured voltage of the +5 Volt power bus located
inside the modem.
+12V Supply
{Pass/Fail, Unmasked/Masked}
Displays the measured voltage of the +12 Volt power bus located
inside the modem.
-12V Supply
{Pass/Fail, Unmasked/Masked}
Displays the measured voltage of the -20 Volt power bus located
inside the modem.
+20V Supply
{Pass/Fail, Unmasked/Masked}
Displays the measured voltage of the +20 Volt power bus located
inside the modem.
RESET LATCHED ALARMS
MN-OM20– Revision 5
Clicking on this button will reset (Clear) all Latched
Alarms
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6.3.4.6
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System Menu
Terminal & Remote Menu
Figure 6-27. Terminal & Remote Menu
Remote Port Control
{TERMINAL, COMPUTER}
Terminal Emulation:
{VT-100, WYSE50, VT100}
Allows the user to select the emulation type.
Terminal Baud Rate:
{150, 300, 600, 1200, 2400, 4800, 9600, 19200, 38400, 57600,
115200}
Allows the user to enter the terminal baud rate.
Multidrop Address:
{32 - 255}
Allows the user to enter the Remote Port Multidrop Address.
Remote Interface:
{RS-232, RS-485}
Allows the user to enter the Remote Port interface type.
Remote Baud Rate:
{150, 300, 600, 1200, 2400, 4800, 9600, 19200, 38,400, 57,600,
115200}
Allows the user to enter the Remote Port Baud Rate.
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HW/FW Configuration Menu
Figure 6-28. HW/FW Configuration Menu
Firmware Revision:
Displays the installed firmware revision.
M&C Revision:
Displays the installed Monitor and Control revision.
Main Board:
Indicates the Radyne part number for the Baseband Board
Assembly.
IF Board:
Indicates the Radyne part number for the IF Board Assembly.
Terr Intf Board:
Indicates the Radyne assembly number for the Terrestrial
Interface Assembly.
Codec Board:
Indicates the Radyne part number for the Codec Board.
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Features Menu
Figure 6-29. Features Menu
The Web Browser menu allows viewing of actively enabled features. Each feature displays a
series of symbols that describe feature status. The following symbols indicate:
Installed
No hardware available.
Requires hardware for
upgrade.
Feature is in Demo Mode and
will expire.
Key Code Required
Call customer service.
Feature is enabled for
customer use, but the OM20
hardware required has not
been detected or has failed.
Features upgrades can also be implemented through the Web Browser interface.
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6.3.4.7
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Test Menu
Test Pattern | Carrier Menu
Figure 6-30. Test Pattern | Carrier Menu
Tx Test Pattern:
{NONE, 2047, 2^15-1, 2^23-1}
Allows the user to enable the transmit test patterns
listed above.
Rx Test Pattern:
{NONE, 2047, 2^15-1, 2^23-1}
Allows the user to enable the receive test pattern
listed above.
Rx Pattern Sync:
{YES, NO}
Yes indicates that the received test pattern is in
sync.
Loopback Type:
BASEBAND
{NONE, TERR RX, BASEBAND RX, TERR TX,
TX, IFEC TX, IF, BASEBAND RX/TX}
Pattern Ber:
{NO SYNC, nnnn x 10-n}
Displays the measured Bit Error Rate for the received test
pattern.
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Pattern Error Count:
{NO SYNC, nnnn x 10n}
Displays the number of errors detected by the test pattern
checker.
Carrier Type:
{NORMAL, CW, DUAL, OFFSET POS FIR, NEG FIR}
RESTART TEST PATTERN:
6.4
Web Browser/Remote Protocol
Clicking this button resets the test pattern counter and
generator.
Configuring the OM20 to use the Ethernet Data Interface (Optional)
The OM20 Ethernet related menus are available and can be used to control the data interface as
follows:
Under the Interface Menu:
Under the Tx Setup Menu:
Set the Terrestrial Interface to Ethernet.
Set the Ethernet Flow Control as desired (refer to Section 6.3.1 for details).
Set the Tx Clock to SCTE.
Set the Tx Clock Polarity to Normal.
Under Drop & Insert:
Set the Drop Mode to None.
Under the Interface Menu:
Under the Rx Setup Menu:
Set the Terrestrial Interface to Ethernet.
Set the Buffer Size to Zero.
Set the Buffer Clock to Rx Sat.
Set the Buffer Clock Polarity to Normal.
Under Drop & Insert:
Set the Insert Mode to None.
6.4.1 Ethernet Flow Control
When disabled, if a packet is received for transmission and no packet buffer space is available,
the incoming packet is discarded.
When enabled, flow control is used to throttle the transmission station in order to avoid
overrunning the transmit buffers, which would in turn cause packets to be dropped. The
throttling mechanism used depends upon the interface and whether it is half-duplex or full duplex
and is described in the following sub-paragraphs:
6.4.1.1
Half-Duplex Flow Control
In half-duplex mode, the OM20 uses industry standard backpressure to support flow control as
follows:
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When available buffer space is almost gone, the OM20 will force a collision on the input port
when it senses an incoming packet. This collision will cause the transmitting station to back off
and retry the transmission.
The OM20 will stop forcing collisions as soon as free buffer space becomes available.
6.4.1.2
Full-Duplex Flow Control
In full-duplex mode, the OM20 implements IEEE 8802.3x flow control as follows:
When available buffer space is almost gone, the OM20 sends out a pause frame with the
maximum pause time to stop the remote nodes from transmitting.
The OM20 sends out another pause frame with the pause time set to zero as soon as free buffer
space becomes available.
6.4.2 Packet Statistics
The following statistics are available under the Monitor Menu when the Ethernet Data Interface is
selected:
Total Packets: This Counter displays the total number of Ethernet packets received from the
satellite.
Error Packets: This counter displays the total number of Ethernet packets received from the
satellite that had errors.
Packet Error Rate: This displays the Ethernet Packet Error Rate (PER) from the satellite.
Packet Statistics Reset: Allows the user to reset the Ethernet Total Packets and Ethernet Error
Count by pressing <Enter>.
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Link Status: The following status is available under the Monitor Menu/Link Status Sub-Menu
when the Ethernet Data Interface is selected:
Port 1 Status: Displays the current status of LAN Port 1.
Port 2 Status: Displays the current status of LAN Port 2.
Port 3 Status: Displays the current status of LAN Port 3.
WAN Status: Displays the current status of the WAN Port.
For each of the above-listed ports, the status may take on one of the following
values/meanings.
Down: The link is down.
Unresolved: Unable to agree on connection speed.
10 Mbps Half: Connected at 10 Base-T Half Duplex.
10 Mbps Full: Connected at 10 Base-T Full Duplex.
100 Mbps Half: Connected at 100 Base-T Half Duplex.
100 Mbps Full: Connected at 100 Base-T Full Duplex.
If all four LAN Ports are down, a Tx Data Activity Minor Alarm will be generated.
If the WAN Port is down, a Tx and Rx Ethernet WAN Major Alarm will be generated.
6.5
Terminal Mode Control
The OM20 Terminal Mode Control allows the use of an external terminal or computer to monitor
and control the modem from a full screen interactive presentation operated by the modem itself.
No external software is required other than VT-100 Terminal Emulation Software (e.g.
“Procomm” for a computer when used as a terminal. The Control Port is normally used as an
RS–232 Connection to the terminal device. The RS-232 operating parameters can be set using
the modem Front Panel and stored in EEPROM for future use (refer to Section 6.4.1 for setup and
terminal screens). Refer to Section 4 (Terminal Screen Menus) of the “Remote Protocol For The
DMD20/DMD50/DMD2050/OM20” Manual (TM-117) for additional information on terminal
screen menus.
For RLLP command structure, the SNMP MIB and the Terminal Screens
reference the “Remote Protocol Manual for the (TM-117).
This specification is applicable to the DMD20, DMD20LBST, DMD50,
DMD2050, and OM20 Modems.
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6.5.1 Modem Terminal Mode Control
The modem can be interactively monitored and controlled in the Terminal Mode, with a full
screen presentation of current settings and status. Programming is accomplished by selecting the
item to be modified and pressing the terminal key of the option number. For example, to change
the transmit data rate, enter ‘33’ at the terminal. The modem will respond by presenting the
options available and requesting input. Two types of input may be requested. If the input is
multiple choice, the desired choice is selected by pressing the ‘Space’ key. When the desired
option is displayed, press the ‘Enter’ key to select that option. The other possible input type
requires a numerical input (such as entering a frequency or data rate. This type of input is
followed by pressing the ‘Enter’ or carriage return key. An input can be aborted at any time by
pressing the ‘ESC’ key. Invalid input keys cause an error message to be displayed on the
terminal.
The Terminal Control Mode supports serial baud rates of 150, 300, 1200, 2400, 4800, 9600,
19200, and 38400. The connection must be set for 8 data bits, 1 stop bit and no parity (8,N,1).
Three terminal emulations are supported: VT-100, WYSE 50, and ADDS-VP.
“$” is used for setting the screen when the terminal is used for the first time the non-volatile
memory is reset.
6.6
Modem Remote Communications
6.6.1 Host Computer Remote Communications
The Remote Port (J2) of the OM20 allows for complete control and monitoring of all OM20
parameters and functions via an RS-232 Serial Interface, or RS-485 for RLLP Protocol.
‘Terminal Mode’ can be entered from the GUI interface under the “System” menu by selecting
“System” and then “Terminal” followed by “Terminal”. The baud rate and evaluation type can
be changed at the front panel by using the System>Baud Rate Menu.
Control and status messages are conveyed between the OM20 and the subsidiary modems and the
host computer using packetized message blocks in accordance with a proprietary communications
specification. This communication is handled by the Radyne Link Level Protocol (RLLP), which
serves as a protocol ‘wrapper’ for the RM&C data. Complete information on monitor and control
software is contained in the following sections.
For RLLP command structure and the SNMP MIB, reference the “Remote
Protocol for the DMD20/DMD50/DMD2050/OM20” manual (TM-117).
Notes:
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Chapter 7. Maintenance and
Troubleshooting
This section discusses unit maintenance and troubleshooting for the OM20 Universal Satellite
Modem.
The OM20 contains a Lithium Battery. DANGER OF EXPLOSION exists if
the battery is incorrectly replaced. Replace only with the same or equivalent
type recommended by the manufacturer. Dispose of used batteries in
accordance with local and national regulations.
7.1
Periodic Maintenance
There is no external fuse on the OM20. The fuse is located on the power supply assembly inside
the case, and replacement is not intended in the field.
7.1.1 Clock Adjustment
The OM20 allows for internal VCO speed adjustment from the GUI. Clock adjustment should be
performed only when an internal clock source has insufficient accuracy for the custom modem
application.
7.2
Troubleshooting
Should a unit be suspected of a defect in field operations after all interface signals are verified,
the correct procedure is to replace the unit with another known working OM20. If this does not
cure the problem, wiring or power should be suspect. The following is a brief list of possible
problems that could be caused by failures of the modem or by improper setup and configuration
for the type of service. The list is arranged by possible symptoms exhibited by the OM20
modem.
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Maintenance and Troubleshooting
Symptom
Possible Cause
The Modem will not acquire the There is an improper receive input to modem.
incoming carrier:
The Receive Carrier Level is too low.
The Receive Carrier Frequency is outside of the acquisition
range.
The Transmit Carrier is incompatible.
Modem is in Test Mode.
The Async Port is not
configured correctly.
The switches may not be set in the correct positions.
7.2.1 Alarm Faults
7.2.1.1
Major Tx Alarms
Alarm
Possible Cause
FPGA CFG
Indicates a transmit FPGA hardware failure.
DSP CFG
Indicates a transmit FPGA failure.
SCT Clock PLL
Indicates that the Tx SCT Clock PLL is not locked. This
alarm will flash on during certain modem parameter
changes. A solid indication points toward a configuration
problem within the modem.
SYM Clock PLL
Indicates that the Tx Symbol Clock PLL is not locked. This alarm will
flash on during certain modem parameter changes. A solid indication
points toward a problem with the incoming clock to the modem (SCTE).
LB Synth PLL
Indicates that the Tx L-Band Synthesizer is not locked. This
alarm will flash on during certain modem parameter
changes. A solid indication points toward a configuration
problem within the modem.
IF Synth PLL
Indicates that the Tx IF Synthesizer is not locked. This
alarm will flash on during certain modem parameter
changes. A solid indication points toward a configuration
problem within the modem.
Ethernet WAN
Indicates that the WAN Port is down.
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7.2.1.2
Maintenance and Troubleshooting
Major Rx Alarms
Alarm
FPGA CFG
Possible Cause
Indicates a receive FPGA hardware failure.
DSP CFG
Indicates a receive DSP failure.
SIGNAL LOCK
Indicates that the demod is unable to lock to a signal.
FRAME LOCK
Indicates that the FRMing Unit is unable to find the
expected framing pattern.
MULTIFOME LOCK
Indicates that the FRMing Unit is unable to find the
expected framing pattern.
LB SYNTH PLL
Indicates that the Rx L-Band Synthesizer is not locked. This
alarm will flash on during certain modem parameter
changes. A solid indication points toward a configuration
problem within the modem.
IF SYNTH PLL
Indicates that the Rx IF Synthesizer is not locked. This
alarm will flash on during certain modem parameter
changes. A solid indication points toward a configuration
problem within the modem.
Ethernet WAN
Indicates that the WAN Port is down.
7.2.1.3
Minor Tx Alarms
Alarm
Possible Cause
TERR CLK ACT
Indicates no Terrestrial Clock activity.
TERR DATA ACT
Indicates no Tx Data activity.
TX TERR AIS
Indicates that AIS has been detected in the Tx Data Stream.
DnI FRAME LOCK
When running Drop Mode, indicates that the framing unit is
unable to find the exported terrestrial framing pattern.
DnI M-FRAME LOCK
When running Drop Mode, indicates that the framing unit is
unable to find the exported terrestrial framing pattern.
TX DVB FRAME LOCK
Indicates that the Tx Input Data Stream FRMing does not
match the user selected Tx Terr FRMing. Incorrect Tx Terr
FRMing selected. Incorrectly framed Tx Input Data Stream.
BUC CURRENT
Indicates that current is either below or above the threshold
limits of the BUC, as specified by the modem. Only active
when voltage is enabled.
BUC VOLTAGE
Indicates that the voltage is not functioning correctly when
voltage is enabled.
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7.2.1.4
Maintenance and Troubleshooting
Minor Rx Alarms
Alarm
Possible Cause
BUFF UNDERFLOW
Indicates that a Doppler Buffer underflow has occurred.
BUFF NEAR EMPTY
Indicates that the Doppler Buffer is about to underflow.
BUFF NEAR FULL
Indicates that the Doppler Buffer is about to overflow.
BUFF OVERFLOW
Indicates that a Doppler Buffer overflow has occurred.
RX DATA ACTIVITY
Indicates that there is no Rx Data activity. For the Ethernet
Interface, indicates that no Ethernet port is active (no cable
is plugged in).
SAT AIS
Indicates that AIS has been detected in the receive satellite
data stream.
DnI FRAME LOCK
Indicates if drop/insert data is frame locked.
Indicates if drop/insert data has multiframe lock.
DnI M-FRAME LOCK
INSERT CRC
Indicates if the Circular Redundancy Check is passing in
PCM-30C and PCM-31C Modes.
T1/E1 SIGNALING
Indicates that the T1/E1 Signal is not locked.
IFEC LOCK
Indicates that the Inner Codec is not locked.
OFEC LOCK
Indicates that the Reed-Solomon Decoder is not locked.
INTERLEAVER
Indicates that the Reed Solomon Interleaver is not
synchronized.
EBNO (dB)
Indicates that the Eb/No is outside of limits.
IBS BER
Indicates that there are more than one in 1000 bits in error in
IBS mode.
RX DVB FRAME LOCK
Indicates that the Rx Satellite Data Stream FRMing is not
DVB.
LNB CURRENT
Indicates that current is either below or above the threshold
limits of the LNB, as specified by the modem. Only active
when voltage is enabled.
LNB VOLTAGE
Indicates that voltage is not functioning correctly when
voltage is enabled.
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7.2.1.5
Maintenance and Troubleshooting
Drop and Insert Alarms
Alarm
Possible Cause
Multiframe Lock
The insert framer is not in sync.
CRC Lock
An Insert CRC Fault occurred. Valid in T1-ESF, PCM-30, or PCM30C Modes.
T1 Signaling
An Insert T1 Yellow Fault occurred. Valid in T1-ESF, T1D4, or
SCL-96 Modes.
E1 FAS (E1 Frame
Acquisition Sync)
An E1 FAS Fault occurred. Valid in PCM-30, or PCM-30C, PCM31, or PCM-31C Modes.
E1 MFAS (E1 MultiFrame Acquisition Sync)
An E1 MFAS Fault occurred. Valid in PCM-30, or PCM-30C,
PCM-31, or PCM-31C Modes.
7.2.1.6
Common Major Alarms
Alarm
Possible Cause
TERR FPGA CFG
Indicates an Interface Card FPGA configuration failure probably
caused by a missing, or wrong file.
CODEC FPGA CFG
Indicates Turbo Codec Card FPGA configuration failure probably
caused by a missing, or wrong file.
+1.5V RX SUPPLY
Displays the measured voltage of the 1.5 Volt Rx power bus located
inside the modem.
+1.5V TX SUPPLY
Displays the measured voltage of the 1.5 Volt Tx power bus located
inside the modem.
+3.3V SUPPLY
Displays the measured voltage of the +3.3 Volt power bus located
inside the modem.
+5V SUPPLY
Displays the measured voltage of the +5 Volt power bus located
inside the modem.
Displays the measured voltage of the +12 Volt power bus
located inside the modem.
Displays the measured voltage of the +20 Volt power bus
located inside the modem.
+12V SUPPLY
+20V SUPPLY
7.2.2 Alarm Masks
The OM20 performs a high degree of self-monitoring and fault isolation. The alarms for these
faults are separated into the following three categories:



Active Alarms
Common Equipment Alarms
Backward Alarms
MN-OM20– Revision 5
7–5
OM20 Universal Outdoor Modem
Maintenance and Troubleshooting
A feature exists that allows the user to ‘Mask’ out certain alarms as explained below. Alarms that
are recorded in the event buffer are the same as the alarm buffer.
Masking alarms may cause undesirable modem performance.
When an alarm is masked, the GUI interface LEDs and the Fault Relays do not get asserted, but
the Alarm will still be displayed. This feature is very helpful during debugging or to lock out a
failure of which the user is already aware.
7.2.2.1
Active Alarms
7.2.2.1.1
Major Alarms
Major Alarms indicate a modem hardware failure. Major Alarms may flash briefly during
modem configuration changes and during power-up but should not stay illuminated. Alarms are
grouped into Transmit and Receive Alarms - Transmit and Receive are completely independent.
7.2.2.1.2
Minor Alarms
Minor Alarms indicate that a problem may persist outside the modem such as loss of Terrestrial
Clock, loss of terrestrial data activity, or a detected transmit or receive AIS condition.
Alarms are grouped into Transmit and Receive Alarms - Transmit and Receive are completely
independent.
7.2.2.1.3
Common Equipment Faults
Common equipment faults indicate hardware or configuration problems in the modem that effect
both transmit and receive operation. Most common faults indicate a hardware failure within the
modem, such as a bad power supply. Common faults for the External Reference and External
Clock indicate a bad modem configuration, not a hardware failure.
7.2.2.2
Latched Alarms
Latched Alarms are used to catch intermittent failures. If a fault occurs, the fault indication will
be latched even if the alarm goes away. After the modem is configured and running, it is
recommended that the Latched Alarms be cleared as a final step.
MN-OM20– Revision 5
7–6
Chapter 8. Technical Specifications
8.1
Data Rates
8.2
Modulator
Modulation
L-Band Tuning Range
Impedance
Connector
Return Loss
Output Power
Output Stability
Output Spectrum
Spurious
On/Off Power Ratio
Scrambler
FEC
Outer Encoder Options
Data Clock Source
Internal Stability
MN-OM20– Revision 5
BPSK, QPSK, and OQPSK (8PSK, 16QAM Optional)
950 to 2050 MHz in 1 Hz Steps
50-Ohm
N-Type female
10 dB Minimum
-20 to -45 dB
±0.5 dB Over Time and Temperature
Meets IESS 308/309/310 Power Spectral Mask
-60 dBc In-Band 950 to 2050 MHz
-45 dBc Out-of-Band
>60 dB
TT V.35 or IBS (Others Optional)
Viterbi, K = 7 at 1/2, 3/4 and 7/8
2/3 Rate Trellis
Radyne Turbo (Optional)
BPSK 21/44
8PSK/16QAM 3/4, 7/8
QPSK 1/2, 3/4, 7/8
(Turbo Supported at all Modulation Types)
Reed-Solomon INTELSAT (DVB Optional)
Internal, Rx Recovered
5x 10-8 Typical
8–1
OM20 Universal Outdoor Modem
8.3
Demodulator
Demodulation
L-Band Tuning Range
Impedance
Connector
Return Loss
BPSK, QPSK, and OQPSK (8PSK, 16QAM Optional)
950 to 2050 MHz in 1 Hz Steps
50-Ohm
N-Type female
10 dB Minimum
Spectrum
Input Level
Adjacent Channel Rejection Ratio
Total Input Power
FEC
INTELSAT IESS 308/309/310 Compliant
10 x log (Symbol Rate) - 100, ±12 dB
>+10 dBc
-10 dBm or +40 dBc (the Lesser) @ 256 Kbps
Viterbi, K = 7 at 1/2, 3/4 and 7/8 Rate,
Rate Sequential 1/2, 3/4, 7/8 (Optional)
Trellis 2/3
Radyne Turbo (Optional)
BPSK 21/44
8PSK/16QAM 3/4, 7/8
QPSK 1/2, 3/4, 7/8
(Turbo Supported at all Modulation Types)
Reed-Solomon INTELSAT (DVB Optional)
CCITT V.35 or IBS (Others Optional)
Programmable ±1 kHz to ± 255 kHz
100 msec to 6000 sec. in 100 msec Steps
Decoder Options
Descrambler
Acquisition Range
Sweep Delay Value
8.4
Plesiochronous Buffer
Size
Centering
Centering Modes
Clock
8.5
Technical Specifications
0 msec to 64 msec
Automatic on Underflow/Overflow
IBS: Integral Number of Frames
IDR: Integral Number of Multi Frames
Transmit, Rx Recovered or SCT (Internal)
Monitor and Control
Remote RS-485/Terminal RS-232/Ethernet 10 Base-T/Web Browser
8.6
OM20 Drop and Insert (Optional)
Terrestrial Data
Line Coding
Framing
Time Slot Selection
Time Slots
Data Rates
MN-OM20– Revision 5
1.544 Mbps or 2.048 Mbps, G.732/733
AMI or B8ZS for T1 and HDB3 for E1
D4, ESF and PCM-30 (PCM-30C) or
PCM-31 (PCM- 31C) for E1
n x 64 Contiguous or Arbitrary Blocks for Drop or
Insert.
TS1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 8, 10, 12, 15, 16, 20, 24, 30, 31
64, 128, 192, 256, 320, 384, 512, 640,
768, 960, 1024, 1280, 1536, 1920 Kbps
8–2
OM20 Universal Outdoor Modem
8.7
Technical Specifications
Terrestrial Interfaces
A variety of standard interfaces are available for the OM20 modem in stand-alone applications.
8.8
IDR/ESC Interface (Optional)
G.703 T1 (DSX1)
G.703 E2
8.9
1.544 Mbps, 100-Ohm Balanced, AMI and B8ZS
8.448 Mbps, 75-Ohm BNC, Unbalanced, HDB3
Ethernet Data Interface
Ethernet Data Interface
RJ-45, Auto-Crossover, Auto-Sensing, 10/100 Ethernet Data
Port. Complies with IEEE 802.3 and IEEE 802.3u.
8.10
Environmental
Prime Power
BVC
100 to 240 VAC, 50 to 60 Hz, 250 Watts Maximum with 10 W
48 VDC (Optional)
-40 to +50°C, 95% Humidity, Non-Condensing
-50 to +60°C, 99% humidity, Non-Condensing
Operating Temperature
Storage Temperature
8.11
Physical
Size
10” W x 14” L x 4.5” T
(25.4 x 35.6 x 11.45 cm)
15 Pounds (6.8 Kg) Approximate – (modem only)
Weight
8.12
OM20 Data Rate Limits
8.12.1 Non-DVB
Modulation
Code Rate
Min Data Rate
Max Data Rate
BPSK
NONE
4800
10000000
BPSK
VIT 1/2
2400
5000000
BPSK
VIT 3/4
3600
7500000
BPSK
VIT 7/8
4200
8750000
BPSK
SEQ 1/2
2400
2048000
BPSK
SEQ 3/4
3600
2048000
BPSK
SEQ 7/8
4200
2048000
MN-OM20– Revision 5
8–3
OM20 Universal Outdoor Modem
Technical Specifications
BPSK
TPC 21/44
2400
4772727
QPSK
NONE
9600
20000000
QPSK
VIT 1/2
4800
10000000
QPSK
VIT 3/4
7200
15000000
QPSK
VIT 7/8
8400
17500000
QPSK
SEQ 1/2
4800
2048000
QPSK
SEQ 3/4
7200
2048000
QPSK
SEQ 7/8
8400
2048000
QPSK
TPC 1/2
4582
9545454
QPSK
TPC 3/4
7200
15000000
QPSK
TPC 7/8
8400
17500000
OQPSK
NONE
9600
20000000
OQPSK
VIT 1/2
4800
10000000
OQPSK
VIT 3/4
7200
15000000
OQPSK
VIT 7/8
8400
17500000
OQPSK
SEQ 1/2
4800
2048000
OQPSK
SEQ 3/4
7200
2048000
OQPSK
SEQ 7/8
8400
2048000
OQPSK
TPC 1/2
4582
9545454
OQPSK
TPC 3/4
7200
15000000
OQPSK
TPC 7/8
8400
17500000
8PSK
TRE 2/3
9600
20000000
8PSK
TPC 3/4
10800
20000000
8PSK
TPC 7/8
12600
20000000
8PSK
TPC .495
9504
6312000
8PSK
TPC .793
15225
6312000
16QAM
VIT 3/4
14400
20000000
16QAM
VIT 7/8
16840
20000000
16QAM
TPC 3/4
1440
20000000
16QAM
TPC 7/8
16800
20000000
16QAM
TPC .495
9504
6312000
16QAM
TPC .793
15225
6312000
MN-OM20– Revision 5
8–4
OM20 Universal Outdoor Modem
Technical Specifications
8.12.2 DVB
187 Mode
Modulation
Code Rate
Min Data Rate
Max Data Rate
BPSK
VIT 1/2
2400
4583333
BPSK
VIT 2/3
2934
6111111
BPSK
VIT 3/4
3300
6875000
BPSK
VIT 5/6
3667
7638888
BPSK
VIT 7/8
3850
8020833
QPSK
VIT 1/2
4400
9166666
QPSK
VIT 2/3
5867
12222222
QPSK
VIT 3/4
6600
13750000
QPSK
VIT 5/6
7334
15277777
QPSK
VIT 7/8
7700
16041666
8PSK
TRE 2/3
8800
18333333
8PSK
TRE 5/6
11000
20000000
8PSK
TRE 8/9
11734
20000000
16QAM
TRE 3/4
13200
20000000
16QAM
TRE 7/8
15400
20000000
188 Mode
Modulation
Code Rate
Min Data Rate
Max Data Rate
BPSK
VIT 1/2
2400
4607843
BPSK
VIT 2/3
2950
6143790
BPSK
VIT 3/4
3318
6911764
BPSK
VIT 5/6
3687
7679738
BPSK
VIT 7/8
3871
8063725
QPSK
VIT 1/2
4424
9215686
QPSK
VIT 2/3
5899
12287581
QPSK
VIT 3/4
6636
13823529
QPSK
VIT 5/6
7373
15359476
QPSK
VIT 7/8
7742
16127450
8PSK
TRE 2/3
8848
18431372
8PSK
TRE 5/6
11059
20000000
8PSK
TRE 8/9
11797
20000000
MN-OM20– Revision 5
8–5
OM20 Universal Outdoor Modem
Technical Specifications
16QAM
TRE 3/4
13271
20000000
16QAM
TRE 7/8
15483
20000000
204 Mode
Modulation
Code Rate
Min Data Rate
Max Data Rate
BPSK
VIT 1/2
2400
5000000
BPSK
VIT 2/3
3200
6666666
BPSK
VIT 3/4
3600
7500000
BPSK
VIT 5/6
4000
8333333
BPSK
VIT 7/8
4200
8750000
QPSK
VIT 1/2
4800
10000000
QPSK
VIT 2/3
6400
13333333
QPSK
VIT 3/4
7200
15000000
QPSK
VIT 5/6
8000
16666666
QPSK
VIT 7/8
8400
17500000
8PSK
TRE 2/3
9600
20000000
8PSK
TRE 5/6
12000
20000000
8PSK
TRE 8/9
12800
20000000
16QAM
TRE 3/4
14400
20000000
16QAM
TRE 7/8
16800
20000000
MN-OM20– Revision 5
8–6
OM20 Universal Outdoor Modem
8.13
Technical Specifications
OM20 / BER Specifications
8.13.1 BER Performance (Viterbi)
1E-1
B/O/QPSK Uncoded Theory
1E-2
Viterbi
Decoder
Typical
Performance
1E-3
BER
1E-4
1E-5
1E-6
Specification
1/2 Rate
1E-7
Specification
3/4 Rate
1E-8
Specification
7/8 Rate
1E-9
0
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
Eb/No in dB
Note: Eb/No values include the effect of using Differential Decoding and V.35 descrambling.
Figure 8-1. OM20 B/O/QPSK BER Performance (Viterbi)
MN-OM20– Revision 5
8–7
OM20 Universal Outdoor Modem
Technical Specifications
8.13.2 BER Performance (Sequential)
1E-1
B/O/QPSK Uncoded Theory
1E-2
Sequential
Decoder
Typical
Performance
1E-3
BER
1E-4
1E-5
1E-6
Specification
1/2 Rate
Specification
3/4 Rate
1E-7
Specification
7/8 Rate
1E-8
1E-9
0
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
Eb/No in dB
Note: Eb/No values include the effect of using Differential Decoding and V.35 descrambling.
Figure 8-2. OM20 B/O/QPSK BER Performance (Sequential)
MN-OM20– Revision 5
8–8
OM20 Universal Outdoor Modem
Technical Specifications
8.13.3 BER Performance (Viterbi with Reed-Solomon)
1E-1
B/O/QPSK Uncoded Theory
1E-2
Viterbi Decoder
Reed Solomon
Typical
Performance
1E-3
BER
1E-4
1E-5
Specification
1/2 Rate
1E-6
Specification
3/4 Rate
1E-7
1E-8
1E-9
0
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
Eb/No in dB
Note: Eb/No values include the effect of using Differential Decoding.
Figure 8-3. OM20 B/O/QPSK BER Performance (Viterbi w/R-S)
MN-OM20– Revision 5
8–9
OM20 Universal Outdoor Modem
Technical Specifications
8.13.4 BER Performance (8PSK Trellis)
1E-1
8PSK Uncoded Theory
Trellis
Decoder
1E-2
Typical
Performance
1E-3
BER
1E-4
1E-5
1E-6
Specification
2/3 Rate
1E-7
Specification
2/3 Rate w/RS
1E-8
1E-9
0
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
Eb/No in dB
Note: Eb/No values include the effect of using Differential Decoding and V.35 Descrambling.
Figure 8-4. OM20 8PSK BER Performance (Trellis)
MN-OM20– Revision 5
8–10
OM20 Universal Outdoor Modem
Technical Specifications
8.13.5 BER Performance (16QAM Viterbi)
1E-1
16QAM Uncoded Theory
Viterbi
Decoder
1E-2
Typical
Performance
1E-3
BER
1E-4
1E-5
1E-6
Specification
3/4 Rate
1E-7
Specification
7/8 Rate
1E-8
1E-9
0
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
Eb/No in dB
Note: Eb/No values include the effect of using Differential Decoding and V.35 Descrambling.
Figure 8-5. OM20 16QAM BER Performance (Viterbi)
MN-OM20– Revision 5
8–11
OM20 Universal Outdoor Modem
Technical Specifications
8.13.6 BER Performance (16QAM Viterbi with Reed-Solomon)
1E-1
16QAM Uncoded Theory
Viterbi Decoder Reed Solomon
1E-2
Typical
Performance
1E-3
BER
1E-4
1E-5
1E-6
Specification
3/4 Rate w/RS
1E-7
Specification
7/8 Rate w/RS
1E-8
1E-9
0
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
Eb/No in dB
Note: Eb/No values include the effect of using Differential Decoding.
Figure 8-6. OM20 16QAM BER Performance (Viterbi w/R-S)
MN-OM20– Revision 5
8–12
OM20 Universal Outdoor Modem
Technical Specifications
8.13.7 BER Performance ((O)QPSK Turbo)
1E-1
B/O/QPSK Uncoded Theory
1E-2
Turbo Decoder
Specification
Turbo 3/4
1E-3
1E-4
BER
Specification
Turbo 1/2
Specification
Turbo 7/8
1E-5
1E-6
1E-7
Typical
Performance
1E-8
1E-9
0
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
Eb/No in dB
Figure 8-7. OM20 (O)QPSK BER Performance (Turbo)
MN-OM20– Revision 5
8–13
OM20 Universal Outdoor Modem
Technical Specifications
8.13.8 BER Performance (8PSK Turbo)
1E-1
8PSK Uncoded Theory
1E-2
Turbo Decoder
Specification
Turbo 3/4
1E-3
Specification
Turbo 7/8
1E-4
BER
Typical
Performance
1E-5
1E-6
1E-7
1E-8
1E-9
0
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
Eb/No in dB
Figure 8-8. OM20 8PSK BER Performance (Turbo)
MN-OM20– Revision 5
8–14
OM20 Universal Outdoor Modem
Technical Specifications
8.13.9 BER Performance (16QAM Turbo)
1E-1
16QAM Uncoded Theory
1E-2
Turbo Decoder
Specification
Turbo 3/4
1E-3
Specification
Turbo 7/8
1E-4
BER
Typical
Performance
1E-5
1E-6
1E-7
1E-8
1E-9
0
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
Eb/No in dB
Figure 8-9. OM20 16QAM BER Performance (Turbo)
MN-OM20– Revision 5
8–15
OM20 Universal Outdoor Modem
BER
1E-3
1E-4
1E-5
1E-6
1E-7
1E-8
1E-9
1E-10
Technical Specifications
Table 8-1 - B/O/QPSK BER Performance (Viterbi)
Typical
Specification
1/2 Rate 3/4 Rate 7/8 Rate 1/2 Rate 3/4 Rate 7/8 Rate
4.2 dB 5.3 dB 6.2 dB 3.9 dB 4.9 dB 5.8 dB
4.8 dB 6.1 dB 7.1 dB 4.5 dB 5.6 dB 6.5 dB
5.5 dB 6.8 dB 7.9 dB 5.1 dB 6.3 dB 7.2 dB
6.1 dB 7.6 dB 8.6 dB 5.7 dB
7 dB
8.6 dB
6.7 dB 8.3 dB 9.3 dB 6.2 dB 7.7 dB 9.4 dB
7.4 dB 8.9 dB 10.2 dB 6.8 dB 8.4 dB 10.2 dB
8.2 dB 9.7 dB 11 dB 7.4 dB 9.1 dB 10 dB
9 dB
10.3 dB 11.7 dB 8.1 dB 9.8 dB 10.5 dB
Table 8-2 - B/O/QPSK BER Performance (Sequential)
BER
Specification
Typical
1/2 Rate 3/4 Rate 7/8 Rate 1/2 Rate 3/4 Rate 7/8 Rate
1E-3
4.8 dB 5.2 dB
6 dB
4.3 dB 4.7 dB 5.5 dB
1E-4
5.2 dB 5.7 dB 6.4 dB 4.7 dB 5.2 dB 5.9 dB
1E-5
5.6 dB 6.1 dB 6.9 dB 5.1 dB 5.6 dB 6.4 dB
1E-6
5.9 dB 6.5 dB 7.4 dB 5.4 dB 6.1 dB 6.9 dB
1E-7
6.3 dB
7 dB
7.9 dB 5.8 dB 6.5 dB 7.4 dB
1E-8
6.7 dB 7.4 dB 8.4 dB 6.2 dB 6.9 dB 7.9 dB
1E-9
7.1 dB 7.8 dB 8.9 dB 6.6 dB 7.4 dB 8.4 dB
1E-10 7.4 dB 8.3 dB 9.4 dB 6.9 dB 7.8 dB 8.9 dB
Table 8-3 - B/O/QPSK BER Performance (Viterbi - w/RS)
BER
Specification
Typical
1/2 Rate 3/4 Rate 7/8 Rate 1/2 Rate 3/4 Rate 7/8 Rate
1E-3
3.3 dB 5.1 dB
3 dB
4.3 dB
5.3 dB
3.2 dB 4.5 dB
1E-4
3.5 dB 5.3 dB
5.7 dB
6.5 dB 3.4 dB 4.7 dB
1E-5
3.8 dB 5.4 dB
6 dB
1E-6
4.1 dB 5.6 dB
6.7 dB 3.6 dB 4.9 dB
6.4 dB
1E-7
4.2 dB 5.8 dB
6.9 dB 3.8 dB 5.1 dB
6.7 dB
1E-8
4.4 dB
6 dB
7.2 dB 4 dB
5.3 dB
7.1 dB
1E-9
4.7 dB 6.1 dB
7.4 dB
7.5 dB 4.2 dB 5.4 dB
1E-10
5 dB
6.3 dB
4.4
dB
5.6
dB
7.7 dB
7.8 dB
MN-OM20– Revision 5
8–16
OM20 Universal Outdoor Modem
Technical Specifications
Table 8-4 - 8PSK BER Performance (Trellis)
Specification
Typical
2/3 Rate 2/3 Rate w/RS 2/3 Rate 2/3 Rate w/RS
6.2 dB
1E-3
5.2 dB
4.8 dB
4.9 dB
1E-4
7 dB
5.5 dB
5.6 dB
5.1 dB
1E-5
7.8 dB
5.8 dB
6.4 dB
5.4 dB
6.2 dB
1E-6
8.7 dB
7.2 dB
5.6 dB
1E-7
9.5 dB
6.5 dB
8.1 dB
5.8 dB
6.7 dB
1E-8 10.2 dB
8.9 dB
6.1 dB
9.7 dB
1E-9 11.1 dB
6.9 dB
6.3 dB
6.6 dB
1E-10 11.9 dB
7.3 dB
10.5 dB
BER
Table 8-5 - 16QAM BER Performance (Viterbi
BER
Specification
Typical
3/4 Rate 7/8 Rate 3/4 Rate 7/8 Rate
1E-3
8.9 dB 10.3 dB 8.1 dB 9.5 dB
1E-4
10.3 dB
9.8 dB 11.1 dB 9 dB
1E-5
10.7 dB 11.9 dB 9.9 dB 11.1 dB
1E-6
11.5 dB 12.7 dB 10.7 dB 11.9 dB
1E-7
12.4 dB 13.5 dB 11.6 dB 12.7 dB
1E-8
13.3 dB 14.3 dB 12.5 dB 13.5 dB
1E-9
14.2 dB 15.1 dB 13.4 dB 14.3 dB
1E-10
15 dB 15.9 dB 14.2 dB 15.1 dB
Table 8-6 - 16QAM BER Performance (Viterb
BER
Specification
Typical
3/4 Rate 7/8 Rate 3/4 Rate 7/8 Rate
1E-3
8.4 dB 9.8 dB 7.8 dB 9.3 dB
1E-4
8.6 dB 8.1 dB 8.1 dB 9.6 dB
1E-5
8.9 dB 8.3 dB 8.3 dB 9.9 dB
1E-6
9.1 dB 8.6 dB 8.6 dB 10.2 dB
1E-7
9.3 dB 8.8 dB 8.8 dB 10.4 dB
1E-8
9.5 dB 9.1 dB 9.1 dB 10.7 dB
1E-9
9.8 dB 9.3 dB 9.3 dB 11 dB
1E-10
10 dB 9.6 dB 9.6 dB 11.3 dB
MN-OM20– Revision 5
8–17
OM20 Universal Outdoor Modem
BER
1E-3
1E-4
1E-5
1E-6
1E-7
1E-8
Technical Specifications
Table 8-7 - (O)QPSK BER Performance (Turbo)
Specification
Typical
Turbo 1/2 Turbo 3/4 Turbo 7/8 Turbo 1/2 Turbo 3/4 Turbo 7/8
TBD
3.2 dB
4 dB
TBD
2.8 dB
3.7 dB
TBD
3.4 dB
4.1 dB
TBD
3 dB
3.8 dB
2.7 dB
3.6 dB
4.2 dB
2.4 dB
3.2 dB
3.9 dB
3.8 dB
2.9 dB
4.3 dB
2.6 dB
3.4 dB
4 dB
3.7 dB
3.1 dB
4.1 dB
4.4 dB
2.8 dB
4.1 dB
3.3 dB
4.4 dB
4.5 dB
3 dB
4 dB
4.2 dB
Table 8-8 - 8PSK BER Performance (Turbo)
BER
Specification
Typical
Turbo 3/4 Turbo 7/8 Turbo 3/4 Turbo 7/8
1E-3
5.6 dB
6.7 dB
6.3 dB
5.2 dB
1E-4
5.8 dB
6.4 dB
6.8 dB
5.4 dB
1E-5
6.5 dB
6 dB
6.9 dB
5.6 dB
1E-6
6.2 dB
7 dB
5.8 dB
6.6 dB
1E-7
6.4 dB
7.1 dB
6 dB
6.7 dB
1E-8
6.8 dB
7.2 dB
6.3 dB
6.8 dB
Table 8-9 - 16QAM BER Performance (Turbo)
BER
Specification
Typical
Turbo 3/4Turbo 7/8Turbo 3/4Turbo 7/8
1E-3
6.3 dB
7.8 dB
6 dB
7.4 dB
1E-4
6.7 dB
7.9 dB
6.4 dB
7.5 dB
1E-5
7 dB
8 dB
6.7 dB
7.6 dB
1E-6
7.4 dB
8.1 dB
7.1 dB
7.7 dB
1E-7
7.8 dB
8.2 dB
7.5 dB
7.8 dB
1E-8
8.2 dB
8.3 dB
7.9 dB
7.9 dB
Table 8-10. Open Network Performance
Specification
Typical
IBS
IDR
IDR
IBS
IBS
IDR
IDR
1/2 Rate
3/4 Rate
7/8 Rate
1/2 Rate
3/4 Rate
3/4 Rate
7/8 Rate
1E-3
4.1 dB
5.2 dB
6.2 dB
3.25 dB
4.2 dB
4.35 dB
5.8 dB
1E-4
4.6 dB
6.0 dB
7.1 dB
3.8 dB
4.9 dB
5.25 dB
6.5 dB
1E-4
5.3 dB
6.7 dB
7.9 dB
4.6 dB
5.6 dB
5.9 dB
7.2 dB
1E-6
6.0 dB
7.5 dB
8.6 dB
5.2 dB
6.3 dB
6.6 dB
7.9 dB
1E-7
6.6 dB
8.2 dB
9.3 dB
5.9 dB
6.9 dB
7.3 dB
8.6 dB
1E-8
7.1 dB
8.7 dB
10.2 dB
6.4 dB
7.5 dB
7.8 dB
9.4 dB
BER
MN-OM20– Revision 5
8–18
OM20 Universal Outdoor Modem
8.13.10
Technical Specifications
Input Level
Refer to Figure 8-10 for the OM20 power threshold limits.
Figure 8-10 Demodulator Input Level Specification
MN-OM20– Revision 5
8–19
OM20 Universal Outdoor Modem
Technical Specifications
Notes:
MN-OM20– Revision 5
8–20
Appendix A. Product Options
A.1
Hardware Options
The following enhanced interface cards are available. All options must be factory installed.
A.1.1 G.703/IDR ESC Interface
The OM20 can be equipped with a G.703/IDR ESC Interface. Factory installed option
A.1.2 Turbo Card
The OM20 can be equipped with an optional Turbo Codec Outer Code. This option must be
installed at the factory and may require other options. Factory upgrade only.
A.1.3 Internal High Stability
The OM20 is equipped with a 5x10-8 or better Stability Frequency Reference. Standard option.
A.1.4 DC Input Prime Power
Allows for an optional DC Input Power Source. Factory installed option.
A.1.5 Ethernet Data Interface
The Ethernet interface is supported by an RJ-45, Auto-Crossover, Auto-Sensing, 10/100 Ethernet
Data Ports. This interface complies with IEEE 802.3 and IEEE 802.3u. Factory installed option
A.1.6 Sequential Interface
The OM20 can be equipped with a Sequential option. Factory installed option
MN-OM20– Revision 5
A–1
OM20 Universal Outdoor Modem
A.2
Appendix A
Customized Options
The OM20 may be customized for specific customer requirements. Most modifications or
customization can be accomplished by means of firmware/software modifications.
The following are examples of the types of customization available to the user:





Customized Data Rates.
Customized Scrambler/Descramblers.
Customized Overhead Framing Structures.
Customized Modulation Formats.
Customized Uses for the ES-ES Overhead Channel.
Contact Comtech EF Data Customer Serve or Sales Department at (480) 333-4357 for all
requests.
MN-OM20– Revision 5
A–2
Appendix B. Software Upgrade
Procedure
The outdoor modem software may be upgraded via the terminal or the web interface.
B.1
Terminal Software Upgrade
The OM20 Outdoor Modem offers the ability to perform field upgrades of the modem’s feature
set quickly and easily from the Terminal Port. Purchased upgrades will become part of the
modems permanent configuration. Demonstration upgrades will enable the optional features for
a 30-day evaluation period.
B.2
Required Equipment
The OM20 Universal Satellite Modem is the only equipment required for this procedure.
B.3
Upgrade Procedure
The following paragraphs describe the procedure for permanently updating the feature set of the
OM20 Universal Satellite Modem
1. The following steps allow users to quickly determine from the GUI Interface whether or
not the desired feature(s) are supported by the hardware currently installed in the
modem.
Using the GUI interface navigate to the Features menu under “System” gel-tab. Click on
“features”. This will show the available features and all features checked are the
purchased/installed features.
2. Contact Comtech EF Data Customer Service with the Unit ID and Desired Upgrades.
The modem’s Unit ID can be found in the Terminal interface as follows:
a. From the main menu, the Features menu.
b. “Feature Id: is the unit ID number
MN-OM20– Revision 5
B–1
OM20 Universal Outdoor Modem
Appendix B
The value displayed on the top line of this menu is the 12-digit Unit ID. It is displayed as 3 sets
of 4 digits in a dot-delineated format as follows:
1234.1234.1234
Your Comtech EF Data Sales Representative will ask you for this number along with your
desired feature set upgrades when placing your order.
Once your order has been processed, you will be issued a 12-digit feature set upgrade code. This
code is only good on the modem for which it was ordered. To enter this code from the terminal
port, perform the following:
a.
b.
c.
d.
From the “Enter Selection Number” line type in 45.
Press Enter.
Enter the new code and press “Enter”
Your system is now up graded.
If the code entered is correct, the display will display CODE ACCEPTED, otherwise the
display will display INVALID CODE.
Care should be taken to insure that the upgrade code is entered properly.
After three unsuccessful attempts to enter a code, the upgrade and
demonstration capability will be locked out and it will be necessary to
cycle power on the modem in order to continue.
MN-OM20– Revision 5
B–2
OM20 Universal Outdoor Modem
B.4
Appendix B
Demonstration Procedure
The procedure for enabling a 30-day demo of the OM20 options is similar to the procedure used
for permanently updating the modems feature set. The one big difference being that at the end of
30 days, the demo features will automatically be disabled and the modem will revert back to its
permanent configuration.
At the end of the demonstration period, when the modem reverts back to
its permanent configuration an interrupt in traffic will occur, regardless of
whether or not a demo enabled features was being run at the time. In
addition, operator intervention may be required to restore the data paths.
In order to avoid this interruption in service, the user can cancel the
demonstration at any time by following the instructions outlined in the
section on “Canceling Demonstration Mode.”
1. The following steps allow users to quickly determine from the GUI Interface whether
or not the desired feature(s) are supported by the hardware currently installed in the
modem.
Using the GUI interface navigate to the Features menu under “System” gel-tab. Click on
“features”. This will show the available features and all features checked are the
purchased/installed features.
2. Contact Radyne with the Unit ID and Request a Demonstration. The modem’s Unit
ID can be found in the Terminal interface as follows:
a. From the main menu, the Features menu.
b. “Feature Id: is the unit ID number
MN-OM20– Revision 5
B–3
OM20 Universal Outdoor Modem
Appendix B
The value displayed on the top line of this menu is the 12-digit Unit ID. It is displayed as 3 sets
of 4 digits in a dot-delineated format as follows:
1234.1234.1234
Your Radyne Sales Representative will ask you for this number along with the features you wish
to demo.
3. Once your order has been processed, you will be issued a 12-digit demonstration code. This code
can only be used one time and it is only good on the modem for which it was originally requested. To
enter this code, perform the following:
a. From the “Enter Selection Number” line type in 45.
b. Press Enter.
c. Enter the new code and press “Enter”
d. Your system is now up graded.
If the code entered is correct, the display will display CODE ACCEPTED, otherwise the display
will read INVALID CODE
Care should be taken to insure that the demonstration code is entered
properly. After three unsuccessful attempts to enter a code, the upgrade
and demonstration capability will be locked out and it will be necessary to
cycle power on the modem in order to continue.
B.5
Canceling Demonstration Mode
At any time, a demonstration may be canceled and have the modem return to its normal
operation. Once the demonstration has been canceled, it cannot be restarted using the old
demonstration code. In order to restart a demonstration, it will be necessary to obtain a new
demonstration code.
To cancel a demonstration from the Terminal Port, perform the following:
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
From the Terminal Main Menu, type in 19 (Features) and press “Enter”.
From the “Enter Selection Number” line type in 45.
Press <ENTER>.
Using the numeric keypad, enter 0000 0000 0000
Press <
ENTER>.
The modem will immediately terminate the demonstration and the feature set will revert back to
the permanent configuration.
The Mod and Demod Test LED's will stop flashing.
MN-OM20– Revision 5
B–4
OM20 Universal Outdoor Modem
B.6
Web Browser Software Upgrade
B.7
Monitor and Control
Appendix B
All modem settings can be monitored and controlled through the browser based on the user
access rights. The goal is an easy-to-use navigation scheme that would enable users to view
current modem status and easily access the modem’s controls.
1. From the modem introduction page, click the MONITOR & CONTROL tab.
2. If not already logged on, enter your username and password on the logon popup, and
then press the Enter key.
MN-OM20– Revision 5
B–5
OM20 Universal Outdoor Modem
Appendix B
The Web Browser menu allows viewing of actively enabled features. Each feature displays a
series of symbols that describe feature status. The following symbols indicate:
Installed
No hardware available. Requires
hardware for upgrade.
Feature is in Demo Mode and will
expire.
Key Code Required
Call customer service. Feature is
enabled for customer use, but the
OM20 hardware required has not been
detected or has failed.
Features upgrades can also be implemented through the Web Browser interface.
MN-OM20– Revision 5
B–6
Appendix C. Carrier Control
C.1
States
The OM20 transmitter will turn off the carrier output automatically when the modem determines
there is a major alarm. This is done to prevent the carrier from outputting an unknown spectrum
and possibly disturbing adjacent carriers. This automatic drop of the carrier can be overridden
by masking the alarm that is causing the fault. This will keep the modulator output spectrum
transmitting, even when the fault occurs. The following Carrier Control states are available:
Carrier OFF
Carrier ON
Carrier AUTO
Carrier VSAT
Carrier RTS
C.2
Carrier Off
Modulator output is disabled.
C.3
Carrier On
Modulator output is turned off before reprogramming modulator functions that may alter the
output spectrum through the front panel, and the user is required to enter “Yes” to re-enable
output after the change. When using the terminal, the modulator is turned off while
re-programming modulator functions that may alter the output spectrum, and the user is required
to manually turn on the output after the reprogramming.
MN-OM20– Revision 5
C–1
OM20 Universal Outdoor Modem
C.4
Appendix C
Carrier Auto
Modulator output is turned off before reprogramming modulator functions that may alter the
output spectrum through the front panel, but the output is automatically turned on after the
change. When using the terminal, the modulator is turned off while re-programming modulator
functions that may alter the output spectrum, and but the output is automatically turned on after
the change.
C.5
Carrier VSat
Modulator output is turned off before reprogramming modulator functions that may alter the
output spectrum through the front panel, and the user is required to enter “Yes” to re-enable
output after the change. When using the terminal, the modulator is turned off while reprogramming modulator functions that may alter the output spectrum, and the user is required to
manually turn on the output after the reprogramming (same as “Carrier On”). Additionally
“VSat” mode disables the modulators output when the modems demodulator does not have signal
lock. When signal lock returns to the demodulator, the modems modulator turns the carrier back
on.
C.6
Carrier RTS
Modulator output is turned off before reprogramming modulator functions that may alter the
output spectrum through the front panel, and the user is required to enter “Yes” to re-enable
output after the change. When using the terminal, the modulator is turned off while reprogramming modulator functions that may alter the output spectrum, and the user is required to
manually turn on the output after the reprogramming (same as “Carrier On”). Additionally
“RTS” (Request To Send) mode enables the modulator’s output based on the RTS lead of the
data interface. When RTS is enabled on the data interface, the modulator turns on the carrier,
when the RTS is disabled the modulator turns off the carrier.
MN-OM20– Revision 5
C–2
Appendix D. Quick Start Guide
D.1
Introduction
This section provides quick setup instructions to access the Web Browser through the RJ45
Ethernet interface. The Web user interface allows for complete monitoring and control of all
modem parameters and functions via a 10BaseT Ethernet connection. For more details on the
various WEB configurations and a description of all the available selections, please refer to the
manuals.
D.2
Required Items




Modem
RJ45 to RJ45 cable
Computer
Default Plug (J2)
IMPORTANT
The Web Browser menus for the OM20 can only be accessed utilizing
Microsoft Internet Explorer 6 or greater.
D.3
Web Interface Setup Guidelines
D.3.1 Preparing the OM-20 for Web Setup
The unit is shipped from the factory with specific IP defaults. The factory defaults are set to an
unreachable state to minimize any adverse effects to the user’s network. In order for the user to
change the IP addresses to an accessible address the user must first install the Reset Plug onto J2
that is supplied with the unit. This will change the IP network setting that the user can access.
MN-OM20– Revision 5
D–1
OM20 Universal Outdoor Modem
Appendix D
1. Turn off power to the OM-20.
2. Install the Reset mating connector on J2 port.
3. Turn on power to the OM-20 and allow it to run for 2 minutes.
4. Turn off power to OM-20 and remover the Reset mating connector from J2.
5. The IP addresses of the OM-20 are now configured to the following:
Boot Modes:
Bootp Server Tag:
IPTEST
206
IP Address Mask:
255.255.255.000
Modem IP Address:
192.168.0.238
Server IP Address:
192.168.000.101
Router IP Address:
192.168.000.102
6. In order for the computer to recognize the modem, the computers subnet Mask must match the
Subnet Mask of the modem. The IP Address Mask is 255.255.255.000. To ensure the safety of
the network, it may be necessary to contact the network administrator.
7. Turn on the unit. The unit is now ready to connect to the computer. Connect the RJ45 cable
from the OM-20 to the computer/router/bridge as illustrated in Figure 1.
Figure 1. Ethernet Connection
8. Initiate PING test to ensure there is communication between the modem and the computer
Example: ping 192.168.0.238
If everything is functioning correctly, replies from the modem will appear on the computer
screen along with the time it took to respond. If unsuccessful, verify the following:
MN-OM20– Revision 5
D–2
OM20 Universal Outdoor Modem
A.
B.
C.
D.
Appendix D
The cables are secured.
The Link Light is illuminated.
The IP Address that is used matches the Modem’s IP Address.
The Server and Modem are on the same subnet.
9. Start the Internet browser on the computer and enter the IP Address 192.168.0.238 in the address
field then press the Enter key per Figure 2.
Figure 2. Internet Browser Address
10. The Web Browser should be displayed on your computer screen. The modem index page will be
displayed per Figure 3. No special access is required. General information on the modem,
features, capabilities, and available options are listed. Complete technical specifications and
product options are also available in a PDF format. Links to the Radyne Corporation website and
Customer service are also accessible.
Figure 3. Web Browser - Modem Introduction page
MN-OM20– Revision 5
D–3
OM20 Universal Outdoor Modem
Appendix D
11. To navigate other parts of the site, the modem needs to know who the user is. Upon selecting any
of the commands, the modem will request an authentication from the user. This authentication is
done through the use of a username and secret password. The OM-20 is initially configured with
the following defaults as illustrated in Figure 4.
User Name:
Password:
admin
admin
Figure 4. Password Setup Screen
IMPORTANT
The modem offers addition features that allow for specific administrative
privileges for various users. Please refer to section 3.3 for additional
information.
This concludes the initial set up that will allow the user full access to the modem. In the event
that the user needs to change the IP Addressing to support a different network then proceed to
section 3.1.
D.4
IP Network Change from the Initial Web Setup
D.4.1 Configuring the modem
This section is a continuation from the initial setup or can be used on an existing system that requires a
network setup change. The modem needs to be configured with the correct network settings. Please
consult with your IT manager for an IP address mask, and modem, server, and router IP addresses valid
for your network. To recognize a subnet, each system in the subnet must have the same subnet mask.
This field should be set before changes are made to the Modem or Router Address. Refer to Figure 5.
MN-OM20– Revision 5
D–4
OM20 Universal Outdoor Modem
Appendix D
1. Configure the modem first with the new subnet addresses. From the modem introduction page,
click the IP ADMINISTRATION tab located on the top of the screen.
2. Enter your username and password on the logon popup, and then press the Enter key.
3. Change the Boot Mode to NON-VOL. Change IP addresses, and subnet mask to the
recommended settings and click on the Save button to accept the changes (refer to section 3.2.2
for Boot Mode descriptions).
NOTE: NON-VOL: Stores and uses IP Mask and addresses as provided by the user.
4. Click on the Cancel button at any time to abort and reload the current modem IP network
settings.
Figure 5. Modem Addressing Screen
D.4.2 Configuring the Computer
This section is a continuation from the initial setup or can be used on an existing system that requires a
network setup change. The computer needs to be configured with the correct network settings that were
used for the Modem. Please consult with your IT manager for an IP address mask, and modem, server,
and router IP addresses valid for your network. To recognize a subnet, each system in the subnet must
MN-OM20– Revision 5
D–5
OM20 Universal Outdoor Modem
Appendix D
have the same subnet mask. This field should be set after the changes are made to the Modem. Refer to
Figure 6.
1. Configure the computer with the new subnet addresses.
2. Initiate PING test to ensure there is communication between the modem and the computer
Example: ping 192.168.0.238
If everything is functioning correctly, replies from the modem will appear on the computer
screen along with the time it took to respond. If unsuccessful, verify the following:
a.
b.
c.
d.
The cables are secured.
The Link Light is illuminated.
The IP Address that is used matches the Modem’s IP Address.
The Server and Modem are on the same subnet.
3. Start the Internet browser on the computer and enter the new IP Address assigned by the network
administrator. Enter the new address field then press the Enter key. Reference Figure 2
D.5
WEB Users Setup and Configurations Controls Options
We use authentication and authorization together with a user database and a Security
Realm to design a secure site. This makes use of users and groups, where users are
generally people that may access the system, and groups represent the position that
users can hold.
The web user database consists of three users, with initial default names of guest, oper,
and admin. Access rights and authentication make it possible to restrict/control access
to a specified set of web users. Any of the three user names can be modified. The user name
can have up to 14 characters supporting alpha and numeric characters. Alpha characters can be
entered using the up and down arrow keys. Numeric characters can be selected by using the
number keys.
Web User
Authentication
Password
Access
Group
guest
guest
GUEST
oper
oper
OPER
admin
admin
ADMIN
Some of those selections are also available to a properly authenticated user with ADMIN privileges.
Refer to Figure 6.
1. From the modem introduction page, click the ADMINISTRATION tab.
2. If not already logged on, enter your username and password on the logon popup, and then press
the Enter key.
MN-OM20– Revision 5
D–6
OM20 Universal Outdoor Modem
Appendix D
3. Select USER1, USER2, or USER3 from the drop down Edit User menu. The corresponding
username and access rights will get updated on the screen.
4. Select a new username if desired, and password. Confirm the new password then click on the
Save button.
5. Click on the Cancel button at any time to abort and reload the current user settings.
Figure 6. User Settings/Access Screen
ACCESS rights represent the following:
GUEST: Users are able to navigate most of the site, and view modem parameter settings.
OPER: Users can monitor and control modem parameter settings, and change their own
authentication passwords.
ADMIN: At this highest access right, the users can monitor and control the modems parameters,
change any user’s name and authentication password, and modify IP network settings. Admin
setting allows access to the entire site.
User passwords must be memorable, never shared, and never reused. For better
security, passwords should be a minimum of 5 printable characters long.
MN-OM20– Revision 5
D–7
OM20 Universal Outdoor Modem
Appendix D
D.5.1 Change Authentication Password
The user can modify the Authorization Passwords. The user name can have up to 14 characters
supporting alpha and numeric characters. Alpha characters can be entered using the up and down
arrow keys. Numeric characters can be selected by using the number keys on the front panel.
The user can clear all characters from the front panel screen.
D.5.2 Boot Mode Options (Reference only)
Boot Modes selections are based on the networks requirements needed for setting up the Web
browser. Refer to the manual for more specific details.
Boot Mode options are:
DEFAULT:
During initialization (boot up), the modem will restore the web setting to the
standard IP Mask and addresses supplied by the modem. The modem will be
taken off the network and will not be accessible. The Default settings are:
IP Address Mask:
255.000.000.000
(FF.00.00.00 hex)
Modem IP Address:
010.000.000.001
(C0.A8.00.EE hex)
Server IP Address:
010.001.001.001
(0A.01.01.01 hex)
Router IP Address:
BOOTP:
010.000.001.001
(0A.00.01.01 hex)
During initialization (boot up), the modem will get the names, masks, and IP
Addresses of the modem, router, and server.
NON-VOL:
Stores and uses IP Mask and addresses as provided by the user.
IP TEST:
Stores and uses IP Mask and addresses to fixed settings as listed below.
Bootp Server Tag:
IP Address Mask:
Modem IP Address:
Server IP Address:
Router IP Address:
MN-OM20– Revision 5
206
255.255.255.000
192.168.0.238
192.168.000.101
192.168.000.102
(FF.FF.FF.00 hex)
(C0.A8.00.EE)
(C0.A8.00.65)
(C0.A8.00.66)
D–8
Appendix E.Drop & Insert (D&I)
E.1
Drop and Insert (D&I)
(For Efficient Drop & Insert refer to Appendix F)
The Radyne OM20 Drop and Insert (D&I) Function provides an interface between a full T1 or
E1 Trunk whose framing is specified in CCITT G.704 and a fractional Nx64 Kbps Satellite
Channel that conforms to the IBS and small IDR Framing Structures. The Drop function allows
the user to select the terrestrial T1 or E1 timeslots that are to be dropped off for transmission
over the link in the specified satellite channels. The Insert function allows the user to select the
T1 or E1 timeslots into which the received satellite channels are to be inserted. The two
functions are completely independent allowing maximum flexibility in choosing configurations.
The Transmit Data Trunk is brought into the modem via the Drop Data In (DDI) SD Port J10.
From there, the TX Baseband Processor extracts the selected timeslots from the G.704 Frame and
prepares them for transmission. The Receive Data Trunk is looped internally to the OM20 by a
connection between the Drop Data Out (DDO) to the Insert Data In (IDI). The data is buffered
inside the modem and the RX Baseband Processor inserts satellite data into the selected timeslots
in the G.704 Frame. The modified terrestrial trunk is then output via the Insert Data Out (IDO)
RD Port J11. The OM20 is not capable of daisy chaining two units together as all loop timing is
done internally to the OM20.
SD (DDI)
OM20
Modem
DDO
Terrestrial
Trunk
IDI
RD (IDO)
Figure 3-8. OM20 D&I Configuration
MN-OM20– Revision 5
E–1
OM20 Universal Outdoor Modem
E.2
Appendix E
Drop Only
When Drop is enabled and Insert is disabled, the OM20 performs a drop-only function. Framed
E1 or T1 Data is input via the Send Data In Port, the selected timeslots are dropped into the IBS
frame structure. (Refer to Figure 3-9).
SD (DDI )
OM20
Modem
Terrestrial
Trunk
Figure 3-9. Drop Only
E.3
Insert Only
When Insert is enabled and Drop is disabled, the OM20 performs an insert-only function. If
framed terrestrial E1 or T1 Data is available, it should be input via the Drop Data In Port J10.
The internal looping function allows for the data stream to be internally looped with the
Terrestrial Data buffered inside the Modem. In this mode the modulator should be disabled. The
RX Baseband Processor inserts satellite data into the selected timeslots in the looped G.704
Frame and the modified terrestrial data is then output via the Insert Data Out Port J11 (refer to
Figure
3-10).
If framed terrestrial data is not available, selection of the Internal T1/E1 frame source will cause
the modem to generate the required G.704 Frame. The Satellite Data will be inserted into the
selected timeslots, and the resulting terrestrial data will be output via the Insert Data Out Port
J11. Any non-inserted timeslots in the G.704 Frame will be filled with the appropriate Idle Code
(Refer to Figure 3-11).
SD (DDI)
OM20
Modem
DDO
Terrestrial
Trunk
IDI
RD (IDO )
Figure 3-10. Insert Only with Eternal Frame Source
MN-OM20– Revision 5
E–2
OM20 Universal Outdoor Modem
Appendix E
OM20
Modem
Terrestrial
Trunk
RD (IDO )
Figure 3-11. Insert Only with Internal Frame Source
E.4
Mode Selection
The OM20 D&I can be easily configured to support several commonly used terrestrial data
formats. For E1 Data, the user can choose between PCM-30, PCM-30C, PCM-31 and PCM-31C.
For T1 Data, the user can choose between T1-D4, T1-ESF, and SLC-96. The following
paragraphs provide more information on the various mode selection capabilities of the OM20.
E.4.1 PCM-30
The PCM-30 Mode of Operation supports an E1 Interface with Multiframe Alignment (MFAS)
and Channel Associated Signaling (CAS). The user may independently program n timeslots to
drop and n timeslots to insert where n = 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 8, 10, 12, 15, 16, 20, 24, or 30. In
addition to the selected drop timeslots, the Transmit Function also extracts the appropriate
ABCD signaling bits from terrestrial timeslot 16 for transmission in IBS Frame as required.
Conversely, the Receive Function extracts received ABCD signaling bits from the IBS Frame
and inserts them in timeslot 16 of the appropriate terrestrial frame. This transmission and
reception of ABCD signaling based upon the drop and insert timeslots is performed
automatically and is transparent to the user. In PCM-30 mode, the user may not select timeslot
16 as a Drop or Insert Timeslot.
E.4.2 PCM-30C
The PCM-30C Mode of Operation supports an E1 Interface with Multiframe Alignment (MFAS)
and Channel Associated Signaling (CAS). In addition, the Drop function verifies the received
terrestrial CRC checksum and the Insert function calculates the required CRC checksum. The
user may independently program n timeslots to drop and n timeslots to insert where n = 1, 2, 3, 4,
5, 6, 8, 10, 12, 15, 16, 20, 24, or 30. In addition to the selected Drop timeslots, the Transmit
Function also extracts the appropriate ABCD signaling bits from terrestrial timeslot 16 for
transmission in IBS Frame as required. Conversely, the Receive Function extracts received
ABCD signaling bits from the IBS frame and inserts them in timeslot 16 of the appropriate
terrestrial frame. This transmission and reception of ABCD signaling based upon the Drop and
Insert timeslots is performed automatically and is transparent to the user. In PCM-30C Mode,
the user may not select timeslot 16 as a Drop or Insert Timeslot.
MN-OM20– Revision 5
E–3
OM20 Universal Outdoor Modem
Appendix E
E.4.3 PCM-31
The PCM-31 Mode of Operation supports an E1 Interface with no Multiframe Alignment
(MFAS) or Channel Associated Signaling (CAS). The user may independently program n
timeslots to drop and n timeslots to insert where n = 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 8, 10, 12, 15, 16, 20, 24, or
30. Because there is no implied ABCD signaling, the user is free to select timeslot 16 as a Drop
or Insert Timeslot.
E.4.4 PCM-31C
The PCM-31C Mode of Operation supports an E1 Interface with no Multiframe Alignment
(MFAS) or Channel Associated Signaling (CAS). In addition, the Drop Function verifies the
received terrestrial CRC checksum and the Insert Function calculates the required CRC
checksum. The user may independently program ‘n’ timeslots to drop and ‘n’ timeslots to insert
where ‘n’ = 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 8, 10, 12, 15, 16, 20, 24, or 30. Because there is no implied ABCD
signaling, the user is free to select timeslot 16 as a Drop or Insert Timeslot.
E.4.5 T1-D4/T1-D4-S
The T1-D4 Mode of Operation supports a T1 Interface with 12 frames per multiframe. The user
may independently program n timeslots to drop and n timeslots to insert where n = 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6,
8, 10, 12, 15, 16, 20, 24, or 30. In the DMD20, Robbed Bit Signaling (RBS) is handled without
any need for operator intervention and is transparent to the user.
E.4.6 T1-ESF/T1-ESF-S
The T1-ESF Mode of Operation supports a T1 Interface with 24 frames per multiframe. The
CRC-6 checksum is automatically checked by the Drop Function and generated by the Insert
Function and placed in the appropriate F-bit positions in the terrestrial multiframe. The user may
independently program n timeslots to drop, and n timeslots to insert, where n = 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 8,
10, 12, 15, 16, 20, 24, or 30. In the OM20, Robbed Bit Signaling (RBS) is handled without any
need for operator intervention and is transparent to the user.
E.5
Multidestinational Systems
Because the Drop and Insert Functions are completely independent, the OM20 easily supports
multidestinational communications. Figure 3-12 illustrates a Multidestinational System with one
Hub site and three remote sites. At the Hub site, thirty channels are being transmitted to all three
remote sites and a fractional set of channels is being received from each remote site. At the other
end of the link, each remote site is transmitting a fractional E1 to the Hub site as well as
receiving all 30 channels from the Hub site. It also identifies those channels intended for it, and
inserts them into the terrestrial data stream.
MN-OM20– Revision 5
E–4
OM20 Universal Outdoor Modem
Appendix E
Figure E-1. Multidestinational Communications
E.6
Drop and Insert Mapping
The following displays under Interface D&I Setup (both Tx and Rx), are editing displays only:
SATCh TS
Enter to Edit
Any changes made in these displays are made on the screen, but are not entered into the modem.
Once these menus are configured, the Mapping Menu must be used to actually enter the settings
into the modem.
MN-OM20– Revision 5
E–5
OM20 Universal Outdoor Modem
Appendix E
Assigning Time Slots:
Example :
For a modem w/ Drop & Insert enabled at a data rate of 256kb (with timeslots assigned 1 - 1, 2 2, etc.). At a data rate of 256kb, the modem will allow 4 channels to assign timeslots (Nx64kb).
Under the Interface Menu the Tx or Rx Interface can be configured (refer to Figure 3-13). Use
these menus to set up the interface and then point and click the cursor on the channel time slot to
be changed. When finished changing the time slots press the “Submit Map” gel tab. Repeat
these steps for the Rx Interface configuration. Assign the timeslots that are to be used to the 4
channels. CH1 is assigned to TS1 (Timeslot #1), CH2 to TS 2, CH3 to TS3 and CH4 to TS4,
“Submit Map” must be depressed after assigning Time Slots.
Figure E-2 Tx Interface Configuration
MN-OM20– Revision 5
E–6
OM20 Universal Outdoor Modem
Appendix E
It is not mandatory to assign timeslots in sequential order, although the
lowest timeslot must be entered in the lowest channel. For example:
timeslots may be assigned 1 - 2, 2 - 5, etc. but not 1 - 5, 2 - 2.
E.7
Configuring the OM20 for Drop and Insert
Several dependencies exist when configuring the modem for Drop and Insert (D&I). The
following paragraphs explain these dependencies and provide the user with the information
required to ensure smooth transition into D&I and to minimize the potential impact of these
dependencies.
E.7.1 Data Rate
Data Rate affects the Drop and Insert function in the following ways:
•
It determines the number of Satellite Channels that will be displayed in the Edit Maps.
•
It contributes to the Operational Mode selection process. Trying to change the Operational
Mode to D&I when a data rate is not set to a valid D&I rate will result in the error message
‘INVALID DATA RATE,’ and the mode change will not be allowed.
•
It contributes to the Terrestrial Framing Mode selection process. Trying to select a T1-type
Drop Mode such as T1-ESF with the mod data rate set to 1920000 bps (a valid E1 D&I rate
but not a valid T1 rate) will result in the error message ‘INVALID DROP MODE’ and the
selection will not be allowed. Trying to select a T1 type Insert Mode such as T1-D4 with the
demod data rate set to 1920000 bps will result in the error message INVALID INSERT
MODE and the selection will not be allowed.
•
Once D&I Mode has been selected, trying to change the data rate to something other than
another valid D&I data rate will result in the error message ‘RATE OUT OF BOUNDS’ and
the change will not be allowed.
•
Once D&I Mode has been selected with a T1 Terrestrial Framing Mode, attempting to
change the data rate to 1920000 will result in the error message ‘RATE OUT OF BOUNDS’
and the change will not be allowed.
Therefore, after the interface type, the data rate should be entered as the first step in configuring
the modem for D&I. The Mod Data Rate should be set according to the number of timeslots to
be dropped and the Demod Data Rate should be set according to the number of timeslots to be
inserted. The following table gives the allowable D&I data rates based on the number of slots (n)
to be dropped or inserted.
MN-OM20– Revision 5
E–7
OM20 Universal Outdoor Modem
Appendix E
n = 1, data rate = 64000
n = 2, data rate = 128000
n = 3, data rate = 192000
n = 4, data rate = 256000
n = 5, data rate = 320000
n = 6, data rate = 384000
n = 8, data rate = 512000
n = 10, data rate = 640000
n = 12, data rate = 768000
n = 15, data rate = 960000
n = 16, data rate = 1024000
n = 20, data rate = 1280000
n = 24, data rate = 1536000
n = 30, data rate = 1920000 (valid with E1 Interface only)
E.7.2 Operational Network Specification
The Network Specification of the Modem often determines which additional menus and displays
are available for use by the operator. The D&I Mode-specific menus will not be displayed unless
the Network Spec. of the modem is set to D&I. Therefore, the next step in configuring the
modem should be to set the Network Spec. to D&I. At this point, the D&I specific menus in the
Interface section will become available and will remain available until the Network Spec. of the
modem is changed to something other than D&I. When the Network Spec. is changed to
something other than D&I, the D&I specific menus will automatically disappear.
E.7.3 Terrestrial Framing - Drop Mode/Insert Mode
The Drop Mode Selection and the Insert Mode Selection identify the Terrestrial Data-Framing
Format. As previously mentioned, their selection is influenced by the Modulator and
Demodulator Data Rates, and trying to select a T1 Type Framing Format with a data rate of
1920000 bps will result in an error message. In turn, the selection of the terrestrial framing
formats influences the satellite channel to terrestrial timeslot mappings in the following manner:
The selection of T1-D4, T1-ESF, or SLC-96 type terrestrial framing format limits the
terrestrial timeslots to values from 1 - 24.
The selection of PCM-30 or PCM-30C type terrestrial framing limits the terrestrial timeslots
to values from 1 - 15, 17 - 31. In these modes, terrestrial timeslot 16 is reserved for ABCD
signaling and may not be dropped or inserted.
The selection of PCM-31 or PCM-31C type terrestrial framing limits the terrestrial timeslots
to values from 1 - 31. Therefore, the terrestrial framing format should be identified via the
Drop Mode and Insert Mode entries prior to editing the Drop or Insert satellite channel to
terrestrial timeslot maps.
MN-OM20– Revision 5
E–8
OM20 Universal Outdoor Modem
E.7.3.1
Appendix E
Insert Terrestrial Frame Source
The Insert Terrestrial Frame Source selection tells the Modem from where the Insert Terrestrial
Frame is coming.
External:
Indicates that the terrestrial frame is to be input via the Insert Data In Port
(Internally looped to the DDO Port).
Internal:
Indicates that the modem needs to generate the terrestrial frame and that all noninserted timeslots need to be filled with the appropriate idle code based upon the terrestrial
framing (T1 or E1).
The selection of the Insert Terrestrial Frame Source also influences the Buffer Clock selection in
the following manner:
When the Insert Terrestrial Frame Source selection is set to External, the received satellite data
will be clocked out of the Doppler Buffer based upon the clock recovered from the insert data
input. Therefore, the Buffer Clock selection will automatically be set to External and cannot be
modified. Attempts to select a different buffer clock will result in the error message INVALID
BUFFER CLOCK and the selection will not be allowed.
When the Insert Terrestrial Frame Source selection is set to Internal, the operator needs to
specify how data should be clocked out of the Doppler Buffer. In this case, the operator will be
able to select SCTE, SCT, RX SAT, or EXT EXC as the source for the Buffer Clock.
Therefore, the Insert Terrestrial Frame Source selection should be made prior to attempting to
change the Buffer Clock. In most instances, the Insert Terrestrial Frame Source selection will be
set to External and the Buffer Clock will automatically be set to External.
E.7.4 D&I Sample Configurations and D&I Clock Setup Options
The following are several examples of how to configure the modem for D&I. The OM20’s DDO
and IDI are internally looped
Example 1:
Drop 512 Kbps from a T1 trunk, 3/4 Rate Viterbi
Insert 512 Kbps into a T1 trunk, 3/4 Rate Viterbi
Drop 512 Kbps from a T1 trunk, 3/4 Rate Viterbi
Under Interface:
Under TX Setup
Set Tx Type according to your hardware configuration
(example: G703BT1B8ZS)
Under RX Setup
Set Rx Type according to your hardware configuration
Under Modulator:
Under Mod Data:
Set Data Rate = 512000
Set Conv Enc = 3/4 Rate VIT
Set Network Spec. = Drop & Insert
MN-OM20– Revision 5
E–9
OM20 Universal Outdoor Modem
Appendix E
Under Interface:
Under TX Setup:
Set Tx Clock = SCTE
Under Tx D&I:
Set Drop Mode = T1-D4
Use SATCh TS edit capability to define desired mapping of
Satellite Channels to drop Terrestrial Slots
Use Map Copy to copy Tx Edit to Tx Active
Under Modulator:
Under Mod IF:
Set Frequency to desired value
Turn IF Output Power On
Under Demodulator:
Under Demod Data:
Set Data Rate = 512000
Set Conv Enc = 3/4 Rate VIT
Under Demodulator:
Set Network Spec. = Drop & Insert
Under Interface:
Under RX Setup:
Set Buff Size to desired depth
Under Rx D&I:
Set Insert Mode = T1-D4
Set T1 E1 Frm Src = External
Use SATCh TS edit capability to define proper mapping of
Satellite Channels to insert Terrestrial Slots
Use Map Copy to copy Rx Edit to Rx Active
Under Demodulator:
Under Demod IF:
Set Frequency to desired value
Example 2:
Multidestinational Remote Site Programming
Drop 512 Kbps from a T1 trunk, 3/4 Rate Viterbi.
Extract 512 Kbps from a 1536 Kbps carrier and insert into a
T1 trunk, 3/4 Rate Viterbi.
Drop 512 Kbps from a T1 trunk, 3/4 Rate Viterbi
Configuration setup is exactly as previously shown in Example 1.
Extract 512 Kbps from a 1536 Kbps carrier and insert into a T1 trunk, 3/4 Rate Viterbi
Under Interface:
Under RX Setup:
Set Rx Type according to your hardware configuration
MN-OM20– Revision 5
E–10
OM20 Universal Outdoor Modem
Appendix E
Under Demodulator:
Under Demod Data:
Set Data Rate = 1536000
Set Conv Enc = 3/4 Rate VIT
Under Demodulator:
Set Network Spec. = Drop & Insert
Under Interface:
Under RX Setup:
Set Buff Size to desired depth
Under Rx D&I:
Set Insert Mode = T1-D4
Set T1 E1 Frm Src = External
Use SATCh TS edit capability to define proper mapping of Satellite Channels to
insert Terrestrial Slots
For Satellite Channels that are not to be inserted, enter “NI” (No Insert) for the
Terrestrial Slot
Use Map Copy to copy Rx Edit to Rx Active
Under Demodulator:
Under Demod IF:
Set Frequency to desired value.
MN-OM20– Revision 5
E–11
OM20 Universal Outdoor Modem
E.8
Appendix E
D&I Maps and Map Editing
The Drop and Insert multiplexer is programmed by loading it with a transmit and receive map.
Maps always contain 30 entries, although, only the first “n” entries are relevant (see Table 4-10).
The OM20 includes provisions to copy, change, and store the D&I transmit and receive maps
directly from the Front Panel or via the remote M&C link. These maps are tables that are used to
define and configure the D&I functions. Each map contains up to 30 entries, which are enough
to define the channel assignments for a T1 (24 channel) or E1 (30 channel) frame structure.
Maps that are created are stored in non-volatile memory within the modem and remain
unchanged after a power-down.
Table E-1. D&I Multiplexer Map
Locations Used
Data Rate
(Kbps)
Map Locations
Used (n = 1,
2,4,8,16,24,30)
64
1
128
1-2
256
1-4
384
1-6
512
1-8
768
1-12
1024
1-16
1536
1-24
1920
1-30
It is important to understand that each map contains up to 30 usable entries. In many cases a
smaller number of entries will be relevant. To determine the number of relevant entries, divide
the data rate by 64 Kbps.
For example:
At 384 Kbps, 384/64 = 6 entries.
Therefore, in this case only the first six entries of the map would be relevant.
The Modem is equipped with eight permanently stored default maps, which are designated
ROM 1 through ROM 8. The user may also define, modify, and save an additional eight maps
which are designated USER 1 through USER 8.
MN-OM20– Revision 5
E–12
OM20 Universal Outdoor Modem
Appendix E
ROM maps are read-only and may not be modified (refer to Table E-2).
ROM Map
Table E-2. D&I ROM Maps
T1/E1 Time Slot
#
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
2
1
2
1
2
1
2
1
2
1
2
1
2
1
2
1
2
1
2
1
2
1
2
1
2
1
2
1
2
1
2
3
1
2
3
4
1
2
3
4
1
2
3
4
1
2
3
4
1
2
3
4
1
2
3
4
1
2
3
4
1
2
4
1
2
3
4
5
6
1
2
3
4
5
6
1
2
3
4
5
6
1
2
3
4
5
6
1
2
3
4
5
6
5
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
1
2
3
4
5
6
6
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9 10 11 12 1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9 10 11 12 1
2
3
4
5
6
7
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30
8
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9 10 11 12 13 14 15 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31
Since the D&I Functions are separate and distinct, two separate maps must be configured at the
start of the D&I Multiplexer Operation. These are the Tx (transmit) Active Map for Drop
Mapping and the Rx (receive) Active Map for Insert Mapping. Each map entry consists of an IBS
Time Slot assignment and the Terrestrial (T1 or E1) Channel Number to which it is assigned.
Drop Mapping and Insert Mapping are completely separate and independent.
The map that is actually used for the Drop Function is the Tx Active Map; the map that is
actually used for the Insert function is the Rx Active Map. Two additional maps exist: the Tx
Edit Map and the Rx Edit Map. The Edit Maps are the buffer areas that are used when creating
or modifying a map through the modem’s LCD; when editing is complete, the appropriate map
should be copied to the Active Map.
Any map may be copied to any other map with the exception of the ROM maps. These maps
may only be the source of the data used to create a User, Edit, or Active Map.
Maps can be created in the map editor and stored as “User Maps”. New “Active Maps” can be
downloaded during Modem Operation but this will result in a temporary disruption of service on
the terrestrial line or the Satellite transmission.
MN-OM20– Revision 5
E–13
OM20 Universal Outdoor Modem
Appendix E
The following paragraphs give examples of typical configurations that could use the ROM Maps
as templates. The ROM Map used would have to be first copied to the appropriate Active
Transmit (Drop) and/or Active Receive (Insert) Map(s) before it could be used. To use a
modification of a ROM Map, the ROM Map must first be copied to the appropriate Edit Map,
then modified, and then copied to the appropriate Active Map.
The mapping of channels to time slots is arbitrary; it is not necessary to
map CH1 to TS1, CH2 to TS2, etc. The channel to the time slot mapping
may be in any order within the constraints of the number of available
channels.
For example, ROM Map 1 could be used as the template for as Active Transmit (Drop) Map for a
modulator configured for 64 Kbps operation. Only the first time slot of the T1 or E1 frame
would be dropped into the modulator transmit path. The Drop Multiplexer would know to look
only at the first entry in the Active Transmit table and would ignore the other 29 entries. If the
map contained an “8” in its first entry, the eighth channel of the T1/E1 frame would be sent to
the modulator.
ROM Map 2 could be used as the template for an Active Receive (Insert) Map for a demodulator
configured for 128 Kbps operation. The demodulated data in the receive path would be inserted
into the first two time slots of the T1 or E1 frame. The Insert Multiplexer would know to look
only at the first two entries in the Active Receive table and would ignore the other 28 entries. If
the first two entries were modified to contain a 27 and 28, the data would be inserted into the 27th
and 28th time slots of the E1 frame.
ROM Map 3 could be used as the template for an Active Transmit (Drop) Map with a modulator
and/or demodulator configured for 256 Kbps operation. The T1 or E1 Data in the transmit path
or the demodulated data in the receive path would be dropped from and/or inserted into the first
four time slots of the T1 or E1 frame. The Multiplexer would know to look only at the first four
entries in the Active map(s) and would ignore the other 26 entries.
ROM Map 4 could be used as the template for an Active Transmit (Drop) or Active Receive
(Insert) Map with a modulator and/or demodulator configured for 384 Kbps operation. The T1
or E1 Data in the transmit path or the demodulated data in the receive path would be dropped
from and/or inserted into the first six time slots of the T1 or E1 frame. The Insert Multiplexer
would know to look only at the first six entries in the Active map(s) and would ignore the other
24 entries. To Drop the last six channels of a T1 frame into a modulator transmit path, the first
six entries of the Active Transmit map should contain 19, 20, 21, 22, 23, and 24.
ROM Map 5 could be used as the template for an Active Transmit (Drop) and/or Active Receive
(Insert) Map with a modulator and/or demodulator configured for 512 Kbps operation. The T1
or E1 Data in the transmit path or the demodulated data in the receive path would be dropped
MN-OM20– Revision 5
E–14
OM20 Universal Outdoor Modem
Appendix E
from and or inserted into the first eight time slots of the T1 or E1 frame. The Multiplexer would
know to look only at the first eight entries in the Active map(s) and would ignore the other 22
entries. To insert data received from a demodulator into channels 17 through 24 of an E1 frame,
the first eight entries of the Active Receive map should contain 17, 18, 19, 20, 21, 22, 23, and 24.
ROM Map 6 could be used as the template for an Active Transmit (Drop) and/or Active Receive
(Insert) Map with a modulator and/or demodulator configured for 768 Kbps operation. The T1
or E1 Data in the transmit path or the demodulated data in the receive path would be dropped
from and or inserted into the first 12 time slots of the T1 or E1 frame. The Multiplexer would
know to look only at the first 12 entries in the Active map(s) and would ignore the other 18
entries. To insert data received from a demodulator into channels 3 through 14 of an E1 frame,
the first 12 entries of the Active Receive map should contain 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13, and
14.
ROM Map 7 could be used as the template for an Active Transmit (Drop) and/or Active Receive
(Insert) Map with a modulator and/or demodulator configured for 1920 Kbps operation. This
would be used with E1 frames where time slot 16 is not used for the multiframe alignment signal
and therefore channels 1 through 30 are mapped directly with time slots 1 through 30.
ROM Map 7 could also be used as the template for an Active Transmit (Drop) and/or Active
Receive (Insert) Map with a modulator and/or demodulator configured for 1024 Kbps operation.
This would be used with T1 or E1 frames where channels 1 through 16 are mapped into time
slots 1 through 16 (in any order). Map slots 17 through 30 would be ignored.
ROM Map 7 could also be used as the template for an Active Transmit (Drop) and/or Active
Receive (Insert) Map with a modulator and/or demodulator configured for 1536 Kbps operation.
This would be used with T1 frames where channels 1 through 24 are mapped into time slots 1
through 24 (in any order). Map slots 25 through 30 would be ignored.
ROM Map 8 could also be used as the template for an Active Transmit (Drop) and/or Active
Receive (Insert) Map with a modulator and/or demodulator configured for 1920 Kbps operation.
However, this mapping would be relevant with E1 frames where time slot 16 is used for the
multiframe alignment signal and therefore channels 1 through 30 are mapped to time slots 1
through 16 and 17 through 31.
MN-OM20– Revision 5
E–15
OM20 Universal Outdoor Modem
Appendix E
Notes:
MN-OM20– Revision 5
E–16
Appendix F. Efficient
Drop & Insert (D&I)
F.1
Introduction
The following paragraphs describe the menu structure and procedure for configuring a Radyne
OM20 modem for Efficient Drop & Insert Mode.
F.2
Prerequisite
In order for a modem to be configured for efficient Drop & Insert, the modem must have a G.703
Interface card installed and Open Network Drop & Insert must be enabled. If you modem does
not have the required hardware and/or feature set enabled, you will need to contact your Radyne
salesperson to order the appropriate hardware and/or feature set upgrade. If your modem has the
appropriate hardware, but the software revision is prior to AY, you will need to download the
latest modem firmware from the Radyne FTP website.
The following menus illustrate how to determine whether or not your modem has the required
hardware and feature set options.
SYSTEM
HW/FW CONFIG
FIRMWARE
F05058-AY 6.1
or later required
SYSTEM
HW/FW CONFIG
TERR INTFC BRD
01-AS/4975
or equivalent required
SYSTEM
HW/FW CONFIG
MN-OM20– Revision 5
F–1
OM20 Universal Outdoor Modem
Appendix F
FEATURES
UPGRADE LIST
D&I
INSTALLED
F.3
required
ENH ASYNC
INSTALLED
optional, required if desired
AUPC
INSTALLED
optional, required if desired
Efficient Drop & Insert Mode
With Efficient Drop & Insert, the terrestrial interface selections, terrestrial framing modes,
terrestrial to satellite mapping, ES to ES channel, satellite and terrestrial backward alarm
functionality, and the In Station Prompt and Deferred Service alarm operation are identical to
that of the Open Network standard. In addition, the selection and operation of Enhanced Async
and AUPC are identical to their closed network IBS counterparts. For more information on these
selections, refer to the appropriate section of the User’s manual.
The following menu selections are utilized for controlling the additional functionality available
with efficient Drop and Insert:
MODULATOR or DEMODULATOR
NETWORK SPEC
CLOSED NET
Efficient Drop & Insert is a Closed Network selection
SAT FRAMING
EFFICIENT D&I
The satellite frame type is Efficient Drop & Insert
DATA
DATA RATE (bps)
N x 64000
The data rate can be set to any N x 64 kbps rate based on the desired
number of drop or insert slots. The following values of N are allowed
based on the terrestrial interface and terrestrial framing types shown
T1
E1
E1
Any framing
Any PCM31
Any PCM30
Any N from 1 to 24
Any N from 1 to 31
Any N from 1 to 30 as TS 16 is automatically
transmitted
SCRAMBLER CTRL
DISABLED
The Efficient Drop & Insert mode utilizes a frame synchronous energy
dispersal technique that is always on, thus there is no need for any
additional scrambling
MN-OM20– Revision 5
F–2
OM20 Universal Outdoor Modem
INBAND RATE
150
300
600
1200
2400
4800
9600
19200
Appendix F
Available when enhanced async is enabled, this field
allows the operator to set the Earth Station to Earth
station in-band rate. In most cases, this should be set to the
same rate or higher than the ES port baud rate. When this
rate is set lower than the ES port baud rate, the user must
insure that the actual transmission rate does not exceed the
in-band rate, otherwise, characters will be dropped
F.3.1 Calculating the Required Satellite Bandwidth
In order to calculate the satellite bandwidth (i.e. the symbol rate), we must first calculate the
Efficient D&I Rate (i.e. the data rate plus the overhead required for Efficient Drop & Insert).
From there, the calculation of the required satellite bandwidth is identical to all other modes of
operation and simply takes into account modulation type and forward error correction.
In this section, we will cover the calculation of the basic Efficient D&I Rate, as well as, the two
cases that alter the basic rate.
F.3.2 Calculating the Basic Efficient D&I Rate
When E1 signaling is not required (all T1 and PCM31 cases) and Enhanced Async is not enabled
(the Earth Station to Earth station link is the standard ES-ES), the Efficient D&I Rate for N
timeslots is as follows:
Efficient D&I Rate = Data Rate + (N * 250 bps)
In other words, the basic Efficient Drop & Insert Rate only requires 250 bps of overhead per slot,
while at the same time providing all of the functionality found in the open network standard plus
Automatic Uplink Power Control. By comparison, the open network standard requires 4267 bps
per slot, so by utilizing Efficient Drop and Insert, Radyne customers can realize a bandwidth
savings of over 4000 bps per slot.
F.3.3 Calculating the Efficient D&I Rate with E1 Signaling
When E1 signaling is enabled (PCM-30, PCM30C), an additional 2000 bps per slot are required
to carry the E1 signaling. So the Efficient D&I Rate for N timeslots is:
Efficient D&I Rate increase = N * 2000 bps
With the open network standard requiring 4267 bps per slot, Efficient Drop and Insert provides a
bandwidth savings of over 2000 bps per slot when E1 signaling is required.
MN-OM20– Revision 5
F–3
OM20 Universal Outdoor Modem
Appendix F
F.3.4 Calculating the Efficient D&I Rate with Enhanced Asynchronous
Overhead
The amount of overhead required to carry the Enhanced Async is driven by the in-band baud
rate. The calculation is a two step process involving the in-band baud rate and the number of
slots as follows:
X = Truncation of (In-Band Baud Rate / (N * 125))
Efficient D&I Rate increase = X * N * 125 bps
Because of the truncation, this increase in bandwidth is guaranteed to be less than the baud rate
itself.
Summary and Examples:
The following examples further illustrate how to calculate the Efficient D&I rate which can be
summarized for N timeslots as:
Efficient D&I Rate
=
Data Rate + (N * 250 bps)
With E1 signaling add
N * 2000 bps
With Enhanced Async add
(Truncation (In-Band Baud / (N * 125))) * (N * 125) bps
Example 1a:
5 Drop Slots with T1-D4 framing, standard ES to ES overhead
For 5 Drop Slots, the Data Rate would be 5 * 64000 or 320000 bps
The Efficient D&I Rate would be 320000 + (5 * 250) bps = 321250 bps
The Open Network rate is over 20,000 bps higher at 341333 bps.
Example 1b:
Change to E1-PCM30 framing (E1 Signaling), standard ES to ES overhead
Add 5 * 2000 bps to our previous calculation gives 331250 bps
Still saving over 10,000 bps compared to the open network standard.
MN-OM20– Revision 5
F–4
OM20 Universal Outdoor Modem
Appendix F
Example 1c:
Change to Enhanced Async with In-Band Baud Rate of 1200
X = Truncation of (1200 / (5 * 125)
X = Truncation of (1.92)
X=1
Add 1 * 5 * 125 bps to our previous calculation gives 331875 bps
An increase of 625 bps to carry 1200 baud
Example 2a:
10 Drop Slots with T1-D4 framing, standard ES to ES overhead
For 10 Drop Slots, the Data Rate would be 10 * 64000 or 640000 bps
The Efficient D&I Rate would be 640000 + (10 * 250) bps = 642500 bps
The Open Network rate is over 40,000 bps higher at 682667 bps.
Example 2b:
Change to E1-PCM30 framing (E1 Signaling), standard ES to ES overhead
Add 10 * 2000 bps to our previous calculation gives 662500 bps
Still saving over 20,000 bps compared to the open network standard.
Example 2c:
Change to Enhanced Async with In-Band Baud Rate of 1200
X = Truncation of (1200 / (10 * 125)
X = Truncation of (0.96)
X=0
The rate stays at the previous value of 662500
With 10 slots, there is no increase required to carry 1200 baud Enhanced Async. It is passed
transparently in the Efficient Drop & Insert overhead.
MN-OM20– Revision 5
F–5
OM20 Universal Outdoor Modem
Appendix F
Notes:
MN-OM20– Revision 5
F–6
Appendix G. Strap Codes
G.1
Strap Codes
The Strap Code is a quick set key that sets many of the modem parameters. For quick setup of
the modem, Strap Codes are very helpful. When a Strap Code is entered, the modem is
automatically configured for the code’s corresponding data rate, overhead, code rate, framing,
scrambler type and modulation. An example of how to set a strap code follows:
Example: At the Front Panel <Modulator> Menu, depress ‘↓’, then move ‘→’ to the ‘Strap
Code’ Submenu and enter #16. The modem will be automatically configured to the parameters
shown below in the highlighted row ‘Strap Code 16’.
Use the Strap Code Guide (Table G-1) for available strap codes.
Table G-1. Strap Codes
Scrambler Type
Drop and Insert
Reed-Solomon
Modulation
1/2
VIT
IBS
IBS
Dis
Dis
QPSK
IBS
2
128
16/15
1/2
VIT
IBS
IBS
Dis
Dis
QPSK
IBS
3
256
16/15
1/2
VIT
IBS
IBS
Dis
Dis
QPSK
IBS
5
384
16/15
1/2
VIT
IBS
IBS
Dis
Dis
QPSK
IBS
6
512
16/15
1/2
VIT
IBS
IBS
Dis
Dis
QPSK
IBS
9
768
16/15
1/2
VIT
IBS
IBS
Dis
Dis
QPSK
IBS
4
1536
16/15
1/2
VIT
IBS
IBS
Dis
Dis
QPSK
IBS
10
1920
16/15
1/2
VIT
IBS
IBS
Dis
Dis
QPSK
IBS
8
2048
16/15
1/2
VIT
IBS
IBS
Dis
Dis
QPSK
IBS
MN-OM20– Revision 5
Mode
Framing Type
16/15
Code Rate
64
Overhead
1
Strap Code
(Decimal)
Type
Data Rate (Kbps)
Dis = Disable
G–1
OM20 Universal Outdoor Modem
Appendix G
12
2048
16/15
1/2
VIT
IBS
IBS
Dis
Dis
QPSK
CNT
16
1544
96K
3/4
VIT
IDR
V.35 (IESS)
Dis
Dis
QPSK
IDR
32
2048
96K
3/4
VIT
IDR
V.35 (IESS)
Dis
Dis
QPSK
IDR
64
6312
96K
3/4
VIT
IDR
V.35 (IESS)
Dis
Dis
QPSK
IDR
128
8448
96K
3/4
VIT
IDR
V.35 (IESS)
Dis
Dis
QPSK
IDR
24
56
1
1/2
VIT
NONE
V.35 (IESS)
Dis
Dis
QPSK
CNT
V.35 (IESS)
Dis
Dis
QPSK
CNT
33
56
1
3/4
VIT
NONE
34
64
1
1/2
VIT
NONE
V.35 (IESS)
Dis
Dis
QPSK
CNT
36
64
1
3/4
VIT
NONE
V.35 (IESS)
Dis
Dis
QPSK
CNT
VIT
NONE
V.35 (IESS)
Dis
Dis
QPSK
CNT
V.35 (IESS)
Dis
Dis
QPSK
CNT
40
128
1
1/2
48
128
1
3/4
VIT
NONE
65
256
1
1/2
VIT
NONE
V.35 (IESS)
Dis
Dis
QPSK
CNT
66
256
1
3/4
VIT
NONE
V.35 (IESS)
Dis
Dis
QPSK
CNT
VIT
NONE
V.35 (IESS)
Dis
Dis
QPSK
CNT
V.35 (IESS)
Dis
Dis
QPSK
CNT
68
320
1
1/2
72
320
1
3/4
VIT
NONE
80
384
1
1/2
VIT
NONE
V.35 (IESS)
Dis
Dis
QPSK
CNT
96
384
1
3/4
VIT
NONE
V.35 (IESS)
Dis
Dis
QPSK
CNT
129
512
1
1/2
VIT
NONE
V.35 (IESS)
Dis
Dis
QPSK
CNT
130
512
1
3/4
VIT
NONE
V.35 (IESS)
Dis
Dis
QPSK
CNT
132
768
1
1/2
VIT
NONE
V.35 (IESS)
Dis
Dis
QPSK
CNT
136
768
1
3/4
VIT
NONE
V.35 (IESS)
Dis
Dis
QPSK
CNT
144
896
1
1/2
VIT
NONE
V.35 (IESS)
Dis
Dis
QPSK
CNT
44
896
1
3/4
VIT
NONE
V.35 (IESS)
Dis
Dis
QPSK
CNT
7
1344
1
1/2
VIT
NONE
V.35 (IESS)
Dis
Dis
QPSK
CNT
11
1344
1
3/4
VIT
NONE
V.35 (IESS)
Dis
Dis
QPSK
CNT
13
1536
1
1/2
VIT
NONE
V.35 (IESS)
Dis
Dis
QPSK
CNT
14
1536
1
3/4
VIT
NONE
V.35 (IESS)
Dis
Dis
QPSK
CNT
19
1544
1
1/2
VIT
NONE
V.35 (IESS)
Dis
Dis
QPSK
CNT
21
1544
1
3/4
VIT
NONE
V.35 (IESS)
Dis
Dis
QPSK
CNT
22
1920
1
1/2
VIT
NONE
V.35 (IESS)
Dis
Dis
QPSK
CNT
25
1920
1
3/4
VIT
NONE
V.35 (IESS)
Dis
Dis
QPSK
CNT
26
2048
1
1/2
VIT
NONE
V.35 (IESS)
Dis
Dis
QPSK
CNT
28
2048
1
3/4
VIT
NONE
V.35 (IESS)
Dis
Dis
QPSK
CNT
37
2368
1
1/2
VIT
NONE
V.35 (IESS)
Dis
Dis
QPSK
CNT
38
2368
1
3/4
VIT
NONE
V.35 (IESS)
Dis
Dis
QPSK
CNT
41
48
1
1/2
VIT
NONE
V.35 (IESS)
Dis
Dis
QPSK
CNT
160
1544
965/1024
1/2
VIT
IBS
IBS
Dis
Dis
QPSK
IBS
52
1920
16/15
3/4
VIT
IBS
IBS
Dis
Dis
QPSK
IBS
MN-OM20– Revision 5
G–2
OM20 Universal Outdoor Modem
Appendix G
69
6312
1
3/4
VIT
NONE
V.35 (IESS)
Dis
Dis
QPSK
CNT
70
8448
1
3/4
VIT
NONE
V.35 (IESS)
Dis
Dis
QPSK
CNT
73
3152
1
1/2
VIT
NONE
V.35 (IESS)
Dis
Dis
QPSK
CNT
74
3152
1
3/4
VIT
NONE
V.35 (IESS)
Dis
Dis
QPSK
CNT
76
3264
1
1/2
VIT
NONE
V.35 (IESS)
Dis
Dis
QPSK
CNT
81
3264
1
3/4
VIT
NONE
V.35 (IESS)
Dis
Dis
QPSK
CNT
88
512
16/15
3/4
VIT
IBS
IBS
Dis
Dis
QPSK
IBS
97
1024
1
1/2
VIT
CNT
V.35 (IESS)
Dis
Dis
QPSK
CNT
98
1024
1
3/4
VIT
CNT
V.35 (IESS)
Dis
Dis
QPSK
CNT
112
64
16/15
3/4
VIT
IBS
IBS
Dis
Dis
QPSK
IBS
131
128
16/15
3/4
VIT
IBS
IBS
Dis
Dis
QPSK
IBS
133
256
16/15
3/4
VIT
IBS
IBS
Dis
Dis
QPSK
IBS
134
192
16/15
1/2
VIT
IBS
IBS
Dis
Dis
QPSK
CNT
137
192
16/15
3/4
VIT
IBS
IBS
Dis
Dis
QPSK
CNT
138
320
16/15
1/2
VIT
IBS
IBS
Dis
Dis
QPSK
CNT
140
320
16/15
3/4
VIT
IBS
IBS
Dis
Dis
QPSK
CNT
145
384
16/15
3/4
VIT
IBS
IBS
Dis
Dis
QPSK
IBS
100
448
16/15
1/2
VIT
IBS
IBS
Dis
Dis
QPSK
CNT
146
448
16/15
3/4
VIT
IBS
IBS
Dis
Dis
QPSK
CNT
104
576
16/15
1/2
VIT
IBS
IBS
Dis
Dis
QPSK
CNT
148
576
16/15
3/4
VIT
IBS
IBS
Dis
Dis
QPSK
CNT
152
640
16/15
1/2
VIT
IBS
IBS
Dis
Dis
QPSK
CNT
161
640
16/15
3/4
VIT
IBS
IBS
Dis
Dis
QPSK
CNT
162
704
16/15
1/2
VIT
IBS
IBS
Dis
Dis
QPSK
CNT
164
704
16/15
3/4
VIT
IBS
IBS
Dis
Dis
QPSK
CNT
168
768
16/15
3/4
VIT
IBS
IBS
Dis
Dis
QPSK
IBS
193
832
16/15
1/2
VIT
IBS
IBS
Dis
Dis
QPSK
CNT
194
832
16/15
3/4
VIT
IBS
IBS
Dis
Dis
QPSK
CNT
196
896
16/15
1/2
VIT
IBS
IBS
Dis
Dis
QPSK
CNT
208
896
16/15
3/4
VIT
IBS
IBS
Dis
Dis
QPSK
CNT
224
960
16/15
1/2
VIT
IBS
IBS
Dis
Dis
QPSK
CNT
15
960
16/15
3/4
VIT
IBS
IBS
Dis
Dis
QPSK
CNT
23
1024
16/15
1/2
VIT
IBS
IBS
Dis
Dis
QPSK
IBS
27
1024
16/15
3/4
VIT
IBS
IBS
Dis
Dis
QPSK
IBS
29
1536
16/15
3/4
VIT
IBS
IBS
Dis
Dis
QPSK
IBS
30
1088
16/15
1/2
VIT
IBS
IBS
Dis
Dis
QPSK
IBS
39
1088
16/15
3/4
VIT
IBS
IBS
Dis
Dis
QPSK
CNT
43
1152
16/15
1/2
VIT
IBS
IBS
Dis
Dis
QPSK
CNT
MN-OM20– Revision 5
G–3
OM20 Universal Outdoor Modem
Appendix G
46
1152
16/15
3/4
VIT
IBS
IBS
Dis
Dis
QPSK
CNT
51
1216
16/15
1/2
VIT
IBS
IBS
Dis
Dis
QPSK
CNT
53
1216
16/15
3/4
VIT
IBS
IBS
Dis
Dis
QPSK
CNT
54
1280
16/15
1/2
VIT
IBS
IBS
Dis
Dis
QPSK
CNT
57
1280
16/15
3/4
VIT
IBS
IBS
Dis
Dis
QPSK
CNT
58
1344
16/15
1/2
VIT
IBS
IBS
Dis
Dis
QPSK
CNT
67
1408
16/15
1/2
VIT
IBS
IBS
Dis
Dis
QPSK
CNT
71
1408
16/15
3/4
VIT
IBS
IBS
Dis
Dis
QPSK
CNT
75
1472
16/15
1/2
VIT
IBS
IBS
Dis
Dis
QPSK
CNT
77
1472
16/15
3/4
VIT
IBS
IBS
Dis
Dis
QPSK
CNT
78
1600
16/15
1/2
VIT
IBS
IBS
Dis
Dis
QPSK
CNT
83
1600
16/15
3/4
VIT
IBS
IBS
Dis
Dis
QPSK
CNT
85
1664
16/15
1/2
VIT
IBS
IBS
Dis
Dis
QPSK
CNT
86
1664
16/15
3/4
VIT
IBS
IBS
Dis
Dis
QPSK
CNT
89
1728
16/15
1/2
VIT
IBS
IBS
Dis
Dis
QPSK
CNT
90
1728
16/15
3/4
VIT
IBS
IBS
Dis
Dis
QPSK
CNT
92
1792
16/15
1/2
VIT
IBS
IBS
Dis
Dis
QPSK
CNT
99
1792
16/15
3/4
VIT
IBS
IBS
Dis
Dis
QPSK
CNT
101
2048
16/15
3/4
VIT
IBS
IBS
Dis
Dis
QPSK
IBS
102
1856
16/15
1/2
VIT
IBS
IBS
Dis
Dis
QPSK
CNT
105
1856
16/15
3/4
VIT
IBS
IBS
Dis
Dis
QPSK
CNT
106
2048
16/15
3/4
VIT
IBS
IBS
Dis
Dis
QPSK
CNT
120
1544
965/1024
3/4
VIT
IBS
IBS
Dis
Dis
QPSK
IBS
135
1984
16/15
1/2
VIT
IBS
IBS
Dis
Dis
QPSK
CNT
139
1984
16/15
3/4
VIT
IBS
IBS
Dis
Dis
QPSK
CNT
45
3088
1
1/2
VIT
NONE
V.35 (IESS)
Dis
Dis
QPSK
CNT
141
3088
1
3/4
VIT
NONE
V.35 (IESS)
Dis
Dis
QPSK
CNT
176
4000
1
1/2
VIT
NONE
V.35 (IESS)
Dis
Dis
QPSK
CNT
116
4000
1
3/4
VIT
NONE
V.35 (IESS)
Dis
Dis
QPSK
CNT
60
1344
16/15
3/4
VIT
IBS
IBS
Dis
Dis
QPSK
CNT
MN-OM20– Revision 5
G–4
OM20 Universal Outdoor Modem
G.2
Appendix G
Sample Applications
The following section provides brief application notes for operating the modem and explains by
example how to configure the modem for some of the most popular configurations.
The following information illustrates the allowable combinations for Mode and Data Rate.
Allowable Combinations: Mode/Rate/Framing.
IDR:
8.448 Mbps
6.312 Mbps
2.048 Mbps
1.544 Mbps or Below
3/4, 7/8 Rate FEC
1/2, 3/4, 7/8 Rate FEC
1/2, 3/4, 7/8 Rate FEC
1/2, 3/4, 7/8 Rate FEC
IBS:
2.048 Mbps or below
1/2, 3/4, 7/8 Rate
Closed Network:
8.448:
6.312:
2.048:
1.544:
Any Rate 2.048 & lower:
96 Kb Framing or No Framing, 3/4, 7/8 Rate FEC
96 Kb Framing or No Framing, 1/2, 3/4, 7/8 Rate FEC
96 Kb Framing or 1/15 Framing or No Framing, 1/2, 3/4,
7/8 Rate FEC
96 Kb Framing or 1/15 Framing or No Framing, 1/2, 3/4, 7/8
Rate FEC
1/15 Framing or No Framing, 1/2, 3/4, 7/8 Rate FEC
G.2.1 Operational Case Examples
For best results always begin setup by setting the data rate to 512 Kbps.
This data rate is applicable for all modes and as such provides a
convenient launch point for setting up the modem. Any mode of
operation can be entered from this starting point.
MN-OM20– Revision 5
G–5
OM20 Universal Outdoor Modem
Appendix G
Case 1: IDR 8.448 Mbps, 3/4 Rate Viterbi
Starting with the Data Rate = 512 Kbps
Modulator:
Method 1 Under Interface Menu:
Set Interface type
Set Tx clock selection
Set mode to IDR
Under Mod Data Menu:
Set code rate to 3/4 VIT
Set data rate for 8448000
Under Mod IF Menu: Set desired Tx frequency and power level
Turn IF ON
Method 2 Under Interface Menu:
Set Interface type
Set Tx clock selection
Set Mod strap code to: 128
Under Mod IF Menu: Set desired Tx frequency and power level
Turn IF on
Demodulator:
Method 1 Under Interface Menu:
Set Interface type
Set Buff clock selection
Set Buffer Size
Set mode to IDR
Under Demod IF Menu:
Set desired Rx frequency
Under Demod data Menu:
Set code rate to 3/4 VIT
Set data rate for 8448000
Method 2 Under Interface Menu:
Set Interface type
Set Buff clock selection
Set Buffer Size
Set Demod strap code to 128
Under Demod IF Menu, set desired Rx frequency
MN-OM20– Revision 5
G–6
OM20 Universal Outdoor Modem
Appendix G
Case 2: IBS 1.544 Mbps, 3/4 Rate Viterbi
Starting with the Data Rate – 512 Kbps
Modulator:
Method 1 Under Interface Menu:
Set Interface type
Set Tx clock selection
Set Framing to 1/15
Set mode to IBS
Under Mod Data Menu:
Set code rate to 3/4 VIT
Set data rate for 1544000
Under Mod IF Menu:
Set desired Tx frequency and power level
Turn IF ON
Method 2 Under Interface Menu:
Set Interface type
Set Tx clock selection
Set Mod strap code to: 120
Under Mod IF Menu: Set desired Tx frequency and power level
Turn IF on
Demodulator:
Method 1 Under Interface Menu:
Set Interface type
Set Buff clock selection
Set Buffer Size
Set Framing to 1/15:
Set mode to IBS:
Under Demod IF Menu: Set desired Rx frequency
Under Demod Data Menu:
Set code rate to 3/4 VIT
Set data rate for 1544000
Under Interface Menu:
Set Interface type
Set Buff clock selection
Set Buffer Size
Method 2 Under Interface Menu:
Set Interface type
Set Buff clock selection
Set Buffer Size
Set Demod strap code to: 120
Under Demod IF Menu: Set desired Rx frequency
MN-OM20– Revision 5
G–7
OM20 Universal Outdoor Modem
Appendix G
Case 3: Closed Network, 3/4 Rate Viterbi, IBS Overhead
Starting with the Data Rate = 512 Kbps
Modulator:
Method 1 Under Interface Menu:
Set Interface type
Set Tx clock selection
Set mode to IDR:
Under Mod Data Menu:
Set code rate to 3/4 VIT
Set Framing for 1/15
Under Mod IF Menu: Set desired Tx frequency and power level
Turn IF ON
Method 2 Under Interface Menu:
Set Interface type
Set Tx clock selection
Set Mod strap code to: 101
Under Mod IF Menu: Set desired Tx frequency and power level
Turn IF on
Demodulator:
Method 1 Under Interface Menu:
Set Interface type
Set Buff clock selection
Set Buffer Size
Set mode to: Closed Net
Under Demod IF Menu: Set desired Rx frequency
Under Demod data Menu:
Set code rate to 3/4 VIT
Set Framing for 1/15
Method 2 Under Interface Menu:
Set Interface type
Set Buff clock selection
Set Buffer Size
Set Demod strap code to: 101
Under Demod IF Menu: Set desired Rx frequency
MN-OM20– Revision 5
G–8
OM20 Universal Outdoor Modem
Appendix G
Case 4: Loop Timing Example
Method 1 Under Interface Menu:
Under Tx Setup Menu:
Set INTF to RS-422
Set SCT Source to SCR
Set Tx Clock to SCTE
Set mode to IBS
Method 2 Under Interface Menu:
Under Tx Setup Menu:
Set INTF to RS-422
Set SCT Source to SCR
Set Tx Clock to SCTE
Set mode to Closed Net
MN-OM20– Revision 5
G–9
OM20 Universal Outdoor Modem
Appendix G
Notes:
MN-OM20– Revision 5
G–10
Appendix H. AUPC Operations
H.1
Automatic Uplink Power Control (AUPC Operation)
The modem has an optional built-in provision for Automatic Uplink Power Control, AUPC.
AUPC is useful when operating power levels are affected by environmental changes in the
atmosphere. AUPC attempts to adjust local power output to maintain a constant Eb/No at the
receiver location.
The modem supports three versions of AUPC. They include Radyne AUPC, EF AUPC and Near
Side AUPC. Radyne AUPC and EF AUPC use satellite overhead to send messages between the
local and remote ends of an SCPC link. The messaging is done with IBS 1/15 and EF AUPC
Framing messages.
H.1.1 Radyne AUPC
In this case, Target Eb/No indicates the remote value the local unit wants to maintain by adjusting
the local power level.
Radyne AUPC can be set to operate on either or both directions of a link but always require a bidirectional channel. Enabling AUPC on one side of the link will activate AUPC on the distant
end of the link. It is necessary that both the Modulator and Demodulator be set to the appropriate
framing for AUPC options to be editable and for the AUPC function to operate properly.
Examples of the basic Radyne AUPC Operations are described as follows:
Assume that the two modems, one at each end of the link, are set to Radyne AUPC operation.
Only one direction is discussed, but the same functions could be occurring in both directions
simultaneously.
Local Modem is transmitting to Remote modem under normal conditions and the Remote modem
has a receive Eb/No of 7.5 dB. Local modem has been set to a Target Eb/No of 7.5 dB with an
output power level of -30 dBm.
It begins raining at Remote site and the Eb/No drops to -7.0 then -6.8 dB. Remote Modem is
constantly sending update messages of its Eb/No to Local modem. When Local modem sees the
MN-OM20– Revision 5
H–1
OM20 Universal Outdoor Modem
Appendix G
drop in the remote Eb/No, it slowly begins to raise the output power, and will continue to adjust if
the remote Eb/No continues to drop. As the rain increases in intensity, the remote Eb/No decreases
but Local modem continues to increase its power level to compensate.
When the rain diminishes, Local modem will see the remote Eb/No begin to increase. Local
modem will lower its power level. The operation is therefore a feedback control loop with the
added complication of a significant time delay.
H.1.2 EF AUPC
In EF AUPC mode, the Target Eb/No indicates the local unit wants the remote unit to maintain a
power level sufficient to provide the local Eb/No value.
EF AUPC can be set to operate on either or both directions of a link but always require a bidirectional channel. Enabling AUPC on one side of the link will activate AUPC on the distant
end of the link. It is necessary that both the Modulator and Demodulator be set to the appropriate
framing for AUPC options to be editable and for the AUPC function to operate properly.
Examples of the basic EF AUPC Operations are described as follows:
Assume that the two modems, one at each end of the link, are set to AUPC operation. Only one
direction is discussed, but the same functions could be occurring in both directions
simultaneously.
The local modem is transmitting to modem at a remote locale under normal conditions. The
remote modem has a receive Eb/No of 7.5 dB. The local modem has been set with a Target Eb/No
of 7.5 dB, and has a current power output of –30 dBm.
It begins to rain at the local site, and the Eb/No drops to –7.0 then –6.8 dB. The local modem is
constantly sending update messages of its Eb/No to the remote modem. When the remote modem
sees the drop in the Eb/No, it slowly begins to raise it’s output power, and will continue to do so
until the Target Eb/No is restored at the local site.
When the rain diminishes, the local modem’s Eb/No will begin to increase. The remote modem
will now lower its power level to restore the target value. The operation is therefore a feedback
control loop with the added complication of a significant time delay.
H.1.3 Near Side AUPC
Near Side AUPC is a loop back system that adjusts the broadcast uplink signal when local
conditions change. This is done by having the Near Side AUPC attempt to adjust the outbound
power to compensate for local weather.
The local receiver must be tuned and locked to the transmitter and then the internal Eb/No., is
used for feedback. This creates a Tx-Satellite-Rx control loop.
Near Side AUPC is primarily used for broadcast applications since the modem cannot expect to
receive data from a distant location. Near Side AUPC can be utilized with any satellite framing
or Network mode.
MN-OM20– Revision 5
H–2
OM20 Universal Outdoor Modem
Appendix G
There are safeguards built into the AUPC System. First, the modulator has two parameters,
which allow control of the maximum and minimum output power Levels. Second, a nominal, or
default, power level is specified which takes effect if the receive signal or messaging is lost.
This nominal power should be set to a level high enough to re-establish communications
regardless of rain fade.
EF AUPC, also provides some control over the rate of power change; while the Radyne and Near
Side AUPC use a optimized rate for rain fade compensation.
The AUPC Menu Functions and their descriptions are shown on Table H-1 ands H-2.
Table H-1. Local AUPC Functions
Function
AUPC Available Options
Description
AUPC MODE
DISABLE, NEARSIDE, RADYNE,
EFDATA
Enables/Disables the AUPC to function
locally
NOMINAL POWER
-20 TO -45 dB
Sets default output power to be used
MINIMUM POWER
-20 TO -45 dB
Sets minimum output power to be used
MAXIMIM POWER
-20 TO -45 dB
Sets maximum output power to be
TARGET Eb/No
4.0 TO 16 dB
Desired Eb/N0 of remote modem
TRACKING RATE
6.0 to 0.5 dB/MIN
Adjustable in .5dB increments
LOCAL CL ACTION
HOLD, MAXIMUM, NOMINAL
Allows user to determine what power
setting the remote modem will use in
the event of a carrier loss at the local
side.
REMOTE CL ACTION
HOLD, MAXIMUM, NOMINAL
This setting allows users to determine
what local output power setting to use
in the event that the remote end has a
carrier loss.
1. The AUPC Menus are located under the Modulator Menu as shown in Section 4.
2. The EF AUPC Menu displays when EFAUPC Framing is enabled in the Demod and Mod set up menus.
3. Highlighted areas are activated when modem is set to EF AUPC
Table H-2. Remote AUPC Functions (EF AUPC Only)
Function
AUPC Available Options
Description
AUPC MODE
Disable, EFDATA
Enables/Disables the AUPC to function
remotely
LOOPBACK
Enabled/Disabled
Loop back test over satellite link
TX 2047 TEST BER
Enabled/Disabled
Initiates 2047 Test pattern BER Test
RX 2047 BER
Status Menu
Identifies the BER status on the distant
RX side
AUPC DEF LVL
Sets default output power to be used
The Remote AUPC Menus are only supported by EFAUPC
MN-OM20– Revision 5
H–3
OM20 Universal Outdoor Modem
Appendix G
Notes:
MN-OM20– Revision 5
H–4
METRIC CONVERSIONS
Units of Length
Unit
Centimeter
Inch
Foot
Yard
Mile
Meter
Kilometer
Millimeter
1 centimeter
—
0.3937
0.03281
0.01094
6.214 x 10-6
0.01
—
—
1 inch
2.540
—
0.08333
0.2778
1.578 x 10-5
0.254
—
25.4
1 foot
30.480
12.0
—
0.3333
1.893 x 10-4
0.3048
—
—
1 yard
91.44
36.0
3.0
—
5.679 x 10-4
0.9144
—
—
1 meter
100.0
39.37
3.281
1.094
6.214 x 10-4
—
—
—
1 mile
1.609 x 105
6.336 x 104
5.280 x 103
1.760 x 103
—
1.609 x 103
1.609
—
1 mm
—
0.03937
—
—
—
—
—
—
1 kilometer
—
—
—
—
0.621
—
—
—
Temperature Conversions
Temperature
° Fahrenheit
° Centigrade
Formulas
Water freezes
32
0
° C = (F - 32) * 0.555
Water boils
212
100
° F = (C * 1.8) + 32
Absolute 0
-459.69
-273.16
Units of Weight
Unit
Gram
Ounce
Avoirdupois
Ounce
Troy
Pound
Avoirdupois
Pound
Troy
Kilogram
1 gram
—
0.03527
0.03215
0.002205
0.002679
0.001
1 oz. avoir.
28.35
—
0.9115
0.0625
0.07595
0.02835
1 oz. troy
31.10
1.097
—
0.06857
0.08333
0.03110
1 lb. avoir.
453.6
16.0
14.58
—
1.215
0.4536
1 lb. Troy
373.2
13.17
12.0
0.8229
—
0.3732
1 kilogram
1.0 x 103
35.27
32.15
2.205
2.679
—
2114 WEST 7TH STREET TEMPE ARIZONA 85281 USA
480 • 333 • 2200 PHONE
480 • 333 • 2161 FAX
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