Rorke Data | The Galaxy 65 | Product specifications | Rorke Data The Galaxy 65 Product specifications

Rorke Data The Galaxy 65 Product specifications
Galaxy Raid
Model GHDX-2422S-8F4D
8 Bay FC-4G to SATA-II RAID Subsystem
Galaxy Raid
Model GHDX-2422S-12F4D
12 Bay FC-4G to SATA-II RAID Subsystem
Version 1.0 (08, 2005)
Installation and Hardware
Reference Manual
Version 060107
Galaxy GHDX-2422S-8_12F4D Installation and Hardware Reference Manual
Contact Information
Americas
Rorke Data Inc
7626 Golden Triangle Drive
Eden Prairie, MN 55344
USA
Tel: +1-800 328 8147
Fax: +1-952 829 0988
sales@rorke.com
techsupport@rorke.com
http://www.rorke.com
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Galaxy GHDX-2422S-8_12F4D Installation and Hardware Reference Manual
Copyright 2006
This Edition First Published 2006
All rights reserved. This publication may not be reproduced, transmitted, transcribed,
stored in a retrieval system, or translated into any language or computer language, in any
form or by any means, electronic, mechanical, magnetic, optical, chemical, manual or
otherwise, without the prior written consent of Rorke Data , Inc.
Disclaimer
Rorke Data makes no representations or warranties with respect to the contents hereof
and specifically disclaims any implied warranties of merchantability or fitness for any
particular purpose. Furthermore, Rorke Data reserves the right to revise this publication
and to make changes from time to time in the content hereof without obligation to notify
any person of such revisions or changes. Product specifications are also subject to change
without prior notice.
Trademarks
Galaxy and the Galaxy logo are registered trademarks of Rorke Data, Inc.
PowerPC® is a trademark of International Business Machines Corporation and Motorola
Inc.
Solaris and Java are trademarks of Sun Microsystems, Inc.
All other names, brands, products or services are trademarks or registered trademarks of
their respective owners.
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Galaxy GHDX-2422S-8_12F4D Installation and Hardware Reference Manual
Warnings and Certifications
Restricted Access Location:
This equipment is intended to be installed in a RESTRICTED ACCESS LOCATION only.
Electric Shock Warning!
To Prevent Electric Shock:
Access to this equipment is granted only to trained operators and service personnel who have
been instructed of and fully understand the possible hazardous conditions and the
consequences of accessing non-field-serviceable units. For example, accessing the backplane
may cause electric shock.
FCC
(applies in the U.S. and Canada)
FCC Class A Radio Frequency Interference Statement
This device complies with Part 15 of the FCC rules. Operation is subject to the following
two conditions: (1) this device may not cause harmful interference, and (2) this device
may accept any interference received, including interference that may cause undesired
operation.
NOTE:
This equipment has been tested and found to comply with the limits for a Class A digital
device, pursuant to Part 15 of the FCC Rules. These limits are designed to provide
reasonable protection against harmful interference when the equipment is operated in a
commercial environment. This equipment generates, uses, and can radiate radio
frequency energy and, if not installed and used in accordance with the instruction manual,
may cause harmful interference to radio communications. Operation of this equipment in
a residential area is likely to cause harmful interference in which case the user will be
required to correct the interference at his own expense.
Any changes or modifications not expressly approved by the party responsible for
compliance could void the user’s authority to operate the equipment.
WARNING:
A shielded power cord is required in order to meet FCC emission limits and also to
prevent interference to nearby radio and television reception.
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Galaxy GHDX-2422S-8_12F4D Installation and Hardware Reference Manual
Use only shielded cables to connect I/O devices to this equipment. You are cautioned that
changes or modifications not expressly approved by the party responsible for compliance
could void your authority to operate the equipment.
This device is in conformity with the EMC.
CB
CCC
(Certified Worldwide)
This device meets the requirements of the CB standard for electrical
equipment with regard to establishing a satisfactory level of safety for
persons using the device and for the area surrounding the apparatus. This
standard covers only safety aspects of the above apparatus; it does not
cover other matters, such as style or performance.
for Power Supplies’ compatibility to China Compulsory Certification.
ITE BSMI Class A, CNS 13438 (for Taiwan)
This device is in conformity with UL standards for safety.
Rorke Data is committed to being properly prepared and taking all the
necessary steps that will result in our compliance with the new European
directive, RoHS (2002/95/EC), on or before the specific dates set forth in
those applicable laws and regulations. Rorke is applying its own internal
efforts and expertise and is working closely with customers and suppliers
to achieve compliance while maintaining an uninterrupted supply of
quality products. Rorke is currently investigating, evaluating, and
qualifying our materials and components to ensure that products sold on
or after 1 July 2006, in such territory, are in compliance with the above
regulations.
Disposal of Old Electrical & Electronic Equipment (Applicable in the
European Union and other European countries with separate collection
systems)
This symbol on the product or on its packaging indicates that this product
shall not be treated as household waste. Instead it shall be handed over to
the applicable collection point for the recycling of electrical and
electronic equipment. By proper waste handling of this product you
ensure that it has no negative consequences for the environment and
human health, which could otherwise be caused if this product is thrown
into the garbage bin. The recycling of materials will help to conserve
natural resources.
For more details about recycling of this product, please contact your
local city office, your household waste disposal service or the shop
where you purchased the product.
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Galaxy GHDX-2422S-8_12F4D Installation and Hardware Reference Manual
Table of Contents
CONTACT INFORMATION ..............................................................................................................................II
WARNINGS AND CERTIFICATIONS .............................................................................................................. III
REVISION HISTORY ..................................................................................................................................... X
WHO SHOULD READ THIS MANUAL? ............................................................................................................ X
RELATED DOCUMENTATION ....................................................................................................................... X
CONVENTIONS............................................................................................................................................. X
SAFETY PRECAUTIONS ............................................................................................................................... IX
PRECAUTIONS AND INSTRUCTIONS ............................................................................................................. IX
ESD PRECAUTIONS .................................................................................................................................... IX
ABOUT THIS MANUAL ............................................................................................................................... IX
CHAPTER 1 INTRODUCTION
1.1. PRODUCT OVERVIEW ................................................................................................................... 1-1
1.1.1
Product Introduction............................................................................................................ 1-1
1.1.2
Model Variations ................................................................................................................. 1-2
1.1.3
Enclosure Chassis................................................................................................................ 1-2
1.1.3.1
1.1.3.2
1.1.3.3
1.1.3.4
1.1.3.5
1.1.3.6
Chassis Overview............................................................................................................................1-2
Physical Dimensions .......................................................................................................................1-4
Front Panel Overview......................................................................................................................1-4
Hard Drive Numbering....................................................................................................................1-5
Rear Panel Overview.......................................................................................................................1-6
Backplane Board .............................................................................................................................1-7
1.2. SUBSYSTEM COMPONENTS ........................................................................................................... 1-7
1.2.1
LCD Panel ........................................................................................................................... 1-7
1.2.2
Drive Trays.......................................................................................................................... 1-9
1.2.3
RAID Controller Modules ................................................................................................... 1-9
Host Ports...................................................................................................................................... 1-10
Ethernet Port ................................................................................................................................. 1-10
COM Port...................................................................................................................................... 1-11
DIMM Module .............................................................................................................................. 1-11
1.2.4
1.2.5
1.2.6
Optional BBU Module ...................................................................................................... 1-11
Power Supply Units........................................................................................................... 1-12
Single-fan Cooling Modules.............................................................................................. 1-13
Advanced Fault-Preventative Operation............................................................................. 1-13
1.3. SUBSYSTEM MONITORING .......................................................................................................... 1-14
1.3.1
I2C bus............................................................................................................................... 1-14
1.3.2
LED Indicators .................................................................................................................. 1-14
1.3.3
Firmware and RAIDWatch™ GUI.................................................................................... 1-15
1.3.4
Audible Alarms ................................................................................................................. 1-15
1.4. HOT-SWAPPABLE COMPONENTS ................................................................................................. 1-15
1.4.1
Hot-swap Capabilities ....................................................................................................... 1-15
1.4.2
Components....................................................................................................................... 1-15
1.4.3
Normalized Airflow........................................................................................................... 1-16
CHAPTER 2 HARDWARE INSTALLATION
2.1
INTRODUCTION............................................................................................................................. 2-1
2.2
INSTALLATION PRE-REQUISITES ................................................................................................... 2-1
2.3
SAFETY PRECAUTIONS ................................................................................................................. 2-2
2.3.1
Precautions and Instructions................................................................................................ 2-2
2.3.2
Static-free Installation ......................................................................................................... 2-3
2.3.3
BBU Warnings and Precautions .......................................................................................... 2-3
2.4
GENERAL INSTALLATION PROCEDURE ......................................................................................... 2-5
2.4.1
Installation Procedure Flowchart......................................................................................... 2-6
2.5
UNPACKING THE SUBSYSTEM....................................................................................................... 2-6
2.6
INSTALLATION OVERVIEW ........................................................................................................... 2-7
2.6.1
Pre-installed Components.................................................................................................... 2-7
2.6.2
Uninstalled Components ..................................................................................................... 2-7
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Galaxy GHDX-2422S-8_12F4D Installation and Hardware Reference Manual
2.7
RACKMOUNTING .......................................................................................................................... 2-8
2.7.1
Considerations for Installation Site and Chassis.................................................................. 2-8
2.7.2
Mounting Holes Positions ................................................................................................... 2-8
2.8
BBU INSTALLATION .................................................................................................................. 2-10
2.8.1
BBU Module Installation Overview.................................................................................. 2-10
2.8.2
Installation Procedure........................................................................................................ 2-10
2.9
HARD DRIVE INSTALLATION ...................................................................................................... 2-12
2.9.1
Hard Drive Installation Overview ..................................................................................... 2-12
2.9.2
Hard Drive Installation Prerequisites................................................................................. 2-12
2.9.3
Drive Installation ............................................................................................................... 2-13
2.10 DRIVE TRAY INSTALLATION ...................................................................................................... 2-14
CHAPTER 3 SUBSYSTEM MONITORING
3.1
SUBSYSTEM MONITORING OVERVIEW ......................................................................................... 3-1
3.2
STATUS-INDICATING LEDS .......................................................................................................... 3-3
3.2.1
Brief Overview of the LEDs................................................................................................ 3-3
3.2.2
Controller Module LEDs ..................................................................................................... 3-3
3.2.2.1
FC Controller Module LEDs ...........................................................................................................3-5
3.2.3
LAN Port LEDs................................................................................................................... 3-5
3.2.4
LCD Keypad Panel.............................................................................................................. 3-6
3.2.5
Drive Tray LEDs ................................................................................................................. 3-7
3.2.6
PSU Module LED................................................................................................................ 3-7
3.2.7
Cooling Module LED .......................................................................................................... 3-8
3.2.8
BBU Module LED............................................................................................................... 3-9
3.3
AUDIBLE ALARM ....................................................................................................................... 3-10
3.3.1
Default Threshold Values.................................................................................................. 3-10
3.3.2
Failed Devices ................................................................................................................... 3-11
3.4
I2C MONITORING........................................................................................................................ 3-11
CHAPTER 4 SUBSYSTEM CONNECTION AND OPERATION
4.1
FC HOST CONNECTION PREREQUISITES ....................................................................................... 4-1
4.1.1
Cabling ................................................................................................................................ 4-1
4.1.2
FC Lasers............................................................................................................................. 4-1
4.1.3
SFP Transceivers ................................................................................................................. 4-2
4.1.4
Fibre Channel Topologies ................................................................................................... 4-2
4.1.5
Points of Failure .................................................................................................................. 4-3
4.1.6
Sample Topology – Clustered Hosts ................................................................................... 4-3
4.1.7
Sample Topology – Direct-Attached ................................................................................... 4-4
4.1.8
Sample Topology – Data Sharing........................................................................................ 4-5
4.2
POWER ON ................................................................................................................................... 4-6
4.2.1
Check List............................................................................................................................ 4-6
4.2.2
Power On Procedure............................................................................................................ 4-7
4.2.3
Power On Enclosure ............................................................................................................ 4-7
4.2.4
Power On Status Check ....................................................................................................... 4-8
4.2.5
LCD Screen ......................................................................................................................... 4-9
4.3
POWER OFF PROCEDURE ............................................................................................................ 4-10
CHAPTER 5 SUBSYSTEM MAINTENANCE AND UPGRADING
5.1. OVERVIEW ................................................................................................................................... 5-1
5.1.1
Maintenance ........................................................................................................................ 5-1
5.1.2
General Notes on Component Replacement........................................................................ 5-1
5.2. REPLACING CONTROLLER MODULE COMPONENTS ...................................................................... 5-3
5.2.1
Overview ............................................................................................................................. 5-3
5.2.2
Notes on Controller Module Maintenance........................................................................... 5-3
5.2.3
Removing the Controller Module........................................................................................ 5-4
5.2.4
Replacing the Controller Module ........................................................................................ 5-5
5.3. REPLACING OR UPGRADING MEMORY MODULES......................................................................... 5-5
5.3.1
Memory Module Installation Overview .............................................................................. 5-5
5.3.2
Selecting a Memory Modules.............................................................................................. 5-6
5.3.3
DIMM Module Installation ................................................................................................. 5-6
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Galaxy GHDX-2422S-8_12F4D Installation and Hardware Reference Manual
5.4. REPLACING A FAULTY BBU......................................................................................................... 5-8
5.5. REPLACING A FAILED PSU MODULE ............................................................................................ 5-9
5.5.1
Notes on PSU Module Maintenance.................................................................................... 5-9
5.5.2
Replacing the PSU Module ............................................................................................... 5-10
5.6. REPLACING A FAILED COOLING MODULE .................................................................................. 5-14
5.6.1
Notes on Cooling Module Maintenance ............................................................................ 5-14
5.6.2
Replacing a Cooling Module............................................................................................. 5-14
5.7. DRIVE TRAY MAINTENANCE ...................................................................................................... 5-15
5.7.1
Notes on Hard Drive Maintenance .................................................................................... 5-15
5.7.2
Replacing a Failed Hard Drive .......................................................................................... 5-16
APPENDIX A SPECIFICATIONS
A.1
A.2
A.3
A.4
A.5
A.6
A.7
TECHNICAL SPECIFICATIONS ....................................................................................................... A-1
CONTROLLER SPECIFICATIONS .................................................................................................... A-3
Configuration............................................................................................................................. A-3
Architecture ............................................................................................................................... A-3
DRIVE TRAY SPECIFICATIONS ..................................................................................................... A-4
POWER SUPPLY SPECIFICATIONS ................................................................................................. A-4
COOLING MODULE SPECIFICATIONS ........................................................................................... A-5
RAID MANAGEMENT .................................................................................................................. A-5
FAULT TOLERANCE MANAGEMENT............................................................................................. A-6
APPENDIX B SPARE PARTS AND ACCESSORIES
B.1
B.2
SPARE PARTS ...............................................................................................................................B-1
Spare Parts Overview .................................................................................................................B-1
Controller Modules.....................................................................................................................B-2
ACCESSORIES AND OPTIONAL ITEMS............................................................................................B-2
Accessories Overview ................................................................................................................B-2
APPENDIX C PINOUTS
C.1.
C.2.
C.3.
C.4.
C.5.
viii
SFP CONNECTOR PINOUTS ...........................................................................................................C-1
COM1 CABLE: DB9 AND AUDIO JACK PINOUTS ..........................................................................C-3
NULL MODEM ..............................................................................................................................C-4
ETHERNET PORT PINOUTS ............................................................................................................C-4
MAIN POWER ...............................................................................................................................C-4
Galaxy GHDX-2422S-8_12F4D Installation and Hardware Reference Manual
Safety Precautions
Precautions and Instructions
•
Prior to powering on the subsystem, ensure that the correct power range is being used.
•
The Galaxy FC<>SATA subsystems come with eight (8) or twelve (12) drive bays. Leaving
any of these drive bays empty will greatly affect the efficiency of the airflow within the
enclosure, and will consequently lead to the system overheating, which can cause irreparable
damage.
•
If a module fails, leave it in place until you have a replacement unit and you are ready to
replace it.
•
Airflow Consideration: The subsystem requires an airflow clearance, especially at the front
and rear.
•
Handle subsystem modules using the retention screws, extraction levers, and the metal
frames/face plates. Avoid touching PCB boards and connector pins.
•
To comply with safety, emission, or thermal requirements, none of the covers or replaceable
modules should be removed. Make sure that during operation, all enclosure modules and
covers are securely in place.
•
Be sure that the rack cabinet into which the subsystem chassis will be installed provides
sufficient ventilation channels and airflow circulation around the subsystem.
•
Provide a soft, clean surface to place your subsystem on before working on it. Servicing on a
rough surface may damage the exterior of the chassis.
•
If it is necessary to transport the subsystem, repackage all disk drives separately. If using the
original package material, other replaceable modules can stay within the enclosure.
ESD Precautions
Observe all conventional anti-ESD methods while handling system modules. The use of
a grounded wrist strap and an anti-static work pad are recommended. Avoid dust and
debris in your work area.
About This Manual
This manual:
•
Introduces the Galaxy GHDX-2422S-8_12F4D RAID subsystem series.
•
Describes all the active components in the subsystems.
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Galaxy GHDX-2422S-8_12F4D Installation and Hardware Reference Manual
•
Provides recommendations and details about the hardware installation process.
•
Briefly describes how to monitor the subsystem.
•
Describes how to maintain the subsystem.
This manual does not:
•
Describe components that are not user-serviceable.
•
Describe the configuration options of firmware, using terminal emulation programs,
or the RAIDWatch GUI software that came with your subsystem.
•
Give a detailed description of the RAID processing units, or the RAID controllers
embedded within the subsystem.
Revision History
♦
Initial release
Who should read this manual?
This manual assumes that its readers are experienced with computer hardware installation
and are familiar with storage enclosures.
Related Documentation
•
Generic Operation Manual
•
RAIDWatch User’s Manual
These two documents can be found in the product utility CD included with your
subsystem package.
Conventions
Naming
From this point on and throughout the rest of this manual, the Galaxy series is referred to
as simply the “subsystem” or the “system.”
Important Messages
Important messages appear where mishandling of components is possible or when work
orders can be misunderstood. These messages also provide vital information associated
with other aspects of system operation. The word “important” is written as
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Galaxy GHDX-2422S-8_12F4D Installation and Hardware Reference Manual
“IMPORTANT,” both capitalized and bold and is followed by text in italics. The
italicized text is the important message.
Warnings
Warnings appear where overlooked details may cause damage to the equipment or result
in personal injury. Warnings should be taken seriously. Warnings are easy to recognize.
The word “warning” is written as “WARNING,” both capitalized and bold and is
followed by text in italics. The italicized text is the warning message.
Cautions
Cautionary messages should also be heeded to help you reduce the chance of losing data
or damaging the system. Cautions are easy to recognize. The word “caution” is written
as “CAUTION,” both capitalized and bold and is followed by text in italics. The
italicized text is the cautionary message.
Notes
Notes inform the reader of essential but non-critical information. These messages should
be read carefully as any directions or instructions contained therein can help you avoid
making mistakes. Notes are easy to recognize. The word “note” is written as “NOTE,”
both capitalized and bold and is followed by text in italics. The italicized text is the note
message.
Steps
Steps describe the sequential tasks in a specific work procedure. Following the steps in
their proper order helps guarantee effectiveness and lowers the chance of making
mistakes.
Lists
Bulleted Lists: Bulleted lists are statements of non-sequential facts. They can be read in
any order. Each statement is preceded by a round black dot “•.”
Numbered Lists: Numbered lists describe sequential steps you should follow in order.
Software and Firmware Updates
Please contact your system vendor for the latest software or firmware updates. NOTE
that the firmware version installed on your system should provide the complete
functionality listed in the specification sheet/user’s manual. We provide special revisions
for various application purposes. Therefore, DO NOT upgrade your firmware unless you
fully understand what a firmware revision will do.
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Galaxy GHDX-2422S-8_12F4D Installation and Hardware Reference Manual
Problems that occur during the updating process may cause unrecoverable errors and
system down time. Always consult technical personnel before proceeding with any
firmware upgrade.
xii
Chapter 1: Introduction
Chapter 1
Introduction
1.1. Product Overview
1.1.1 Product Introduction
This hardware manual briefly introduces the single controller Galaxy 12 bay and 8 bay,
Fibre Channel (FC)-to-Serial ATA (SATA) RAID subsystem as shown below.
Figure 1-1: Galaxy 12 bay Fibre to SATA RAID Subsystem
Figure 1-2: Galaxy 8 bay Fibre to SATA RAID Subsystem
1-1
Galaxy GHDX-2422S-8+12F4D Installation and Hardware Reference Manual
1.1.2 Model Variations
There are two available models in the 2U version of the Galaxy SATA-II RAID
subsystem series. Below is a comparison chart listing major components of the two
models.
GHDX-2422S-12F4D
GHDX-2422S-82F4D
Number of Drive Bays
12
8
RAID Controller
1
1
FC-4G x 2
FC-4G x 2
PSUs
2
2
Cooling Modules
3
2
LCD Panel
1
1
Optional
Optional
Host Channels
Battery Support
Table 1-1: Available FC-to-SATA RAID Subsystem Models
NOTE:
On receiving and unpacking your subsystem, please check the package contents
against the included unpacking checklist. If any modules appear to be missing,
please contact your subsystem vendor immediately.
1.1.3 Enclosure Chassis
1.1.3.1 Chassis Overview
The Galaxy 12 bay and 8 bay subsystems come in a 2U metal chassis. A backplane board
divides the enclosure internally into front and rear sections. (See Figure 1-3) The front
section accommodates twelve (12) or eight (8) drive trays (with their associated hard
drives) and the rear section accommodates two (2) PSU modules, two (2) or three (3)
single-fan cooling modules, and a single RAID controller module. The two (2) forearm
handles on the front of the subsystem enable you to easily insert/extract the chassis
into/from a rack or cabinet. Pre-drilled mounting holes on the sides of the chassis allow
you to attach separately purchased slide rails.
1-2
Product Overview
Chapter 1: Introduction
Figure 1-3: Galaxy 12-bay SATA RAID Subsystem Overview
Figure 1-4: Galaxy 8 bay SATA RAID Subsystem Overview
Product Overview
1-3
Galaxy GHDX-2422S-8+12F4D Installation and Hardware Reference Manual
CAUTION!
When working with the subsystem, it is important to use tools with extreme care. Do
not place tools or other items on top of the enclosure to help avoid damaging the
outward appearance of the chassis.
1.1.3.2 Physical Dimensions
The subsystems come in a standard 2U, 19” chassis with the following dimensions:
•
Measured with forearm handles: 482mm x 88mm x 505mm (width x height x depth)
•
Measured without forearm handles: 446mm x 88mm x 490mm (width x height x
depth)
NOTE:
Components accessed through the front panel are referred to as “Front Panel
Components” and Components accessed through the rear panel are referred to as
“Rear Panel Components.”
1.1.3.3 Front Panel Overview
The front section of the subsystem features a 4 x 2 or 4 x 3 layout for eight (8) or twelve
(12) 3.5-inch disk drives and a foldable LCD keypad panel. The front sections of the
RAID subsystems described in this manual are shown in Figure 1-5 and Figure 1-6. A
description of each front panel component is given below:
Figure 1-5: Galaxy 12 bay RAID Subsystem Front View
1-4
Product Overview
Chapter 1: Introduction
Figure 1-6: Galaxy 8 bay RAID Subsystem Front View
The front section shown above is designed to accommodate the following components:
•
Forearm handles with an LCD keypad panel: The LCD Panel mounted on the left
handle shows system information and provides local access to the firmwareembedded configuration and monitoring utility.
•
Drive bays with drive tray canisters: The drive bays are used to house the
subsystem hard drives. The GHDX-2422S-12F4D contains 12 drive bays while
GHDX-2422S-8F4D contains 8 drive bays with a blank plate covering the lower
part of the front panel.
1.1.3.4 Hard Drive Numbering
The subsystems are housed in an enclosure that is 4 bays wide and 3 or 2 bays high.
When viewed from the front, drive bays (slots) are numbered 1 to 12 (See Figure 1-7) or
1 to 8 (See Figure 1-8), from the left to the right, and then from the top to the bottom.
Figure 1-7: 12 Drive Bays Numbering Sequence
Figure 1-8: 8 Drive Bays Numbering Sequence
Product Overview
1-5
Galaxy GHDX-2422S-8+12F4D Installation and Hardware Reference Manual
1.1.3.5 Rear Panel Overview
The rear section of the subsystems are accessed through the rear panel and is reserved for
a single RAID controller module, one (1) battery backup unit (BBU), two (2) power
supply units (PSUs), and three (12 bay) or two (8 bay) cooling modules.
The subsystem rear views are shown in Figure 1-9 and Figure 1-10. A description of
each rear panel component is given in the proceeding discussions:
Figure 1-9: GHDX-2422S-12F4D Rear View
Figure 1-10: GHDX-2422S-8F4D Rear View
The rear panels shown above are designed to accommodate the following components:
1-6
•
RAID controller module: The controller module contains a controller main board
and a pre-installed DDR DIMM module.
•
Power Supply Unit (PSU): The PSU is used to provide power to the subsystem.
•
BBU module: A BBU comes as an optional module which provides the protective
implementation to cached data; and, unless deselected when purchasing the
subsystems, is installed into the module slot located at the upper left corner of the
controller module.
Product Overview
Chapter 1: Introduction
•
Cooling module: The redundant cooling modules are used to ventilate the
subsystem and to reduce the temperature within the subsystem. The 12-bay model
has an additional cooling module installed in the bottom module bay.
NOTE:
Each of the power supplies on the sides of the enclosure houses one cooling module
in a retrievable canister. When a power supply is removed, the cooling module is also
removed. Therefore, replace the power supply unit as fast as possible whenever it
becomes necessary. Cooling modules can be independently removed from the chassis
without affecting PSU operation.
1.1.3.6 Backplane Board
An integrated back-plane board separates the front and rear sections of the 12 bay Galaxy
subsystems. This PCB board provides logic level signal traces and low voltage power
paths. It contains no user-serviceable components.
1.2. Subsystem Components
1.2.1 LCD Panel
Figure 1-11: Opening the Front Handle
The LCD panel shown in Figure 1-11 consists of a 16 characters x 2 rows LCD screen
with push buttons, a mute button, and LED status indicators. The LCD front panel
provides full access to all array configurations and monitoring. After powering up the
subsystem, the initial screen will show the subsystem model name. A different name can
be manually assigned to the subsystem or to different drive arrays. This will enable easier
identification in a topology consisting of numerous arrays.
Subsystem Components
1-7
Galaxy GHDX-2422S-8+12F4D Installation and Hardware Reference Manual
Figure 1- 12: Front Panel Retention Latch
To access drive bays in the left- or right-hand side column, first flip the retention latches
(see Figure 1- 12) on the enclosure front handles, and then swing the handles to the leftand right-hand sides. To close the handles (see Figure 1- 13), swing the handles toward
the system; gently press the handles until a click is heard. The latches will keep the
handles in place.
Figure 1- 13: Closing the Front Handles
1-8
Subsystem Components
Chapter 1: Introduction
1.2.2 Drive Trays
Part Number: GALHDX-9273CDTray
The subsystems come with 12 or 8 drive trays (as shown below) designed to
accommodate separately purchased standard 1-inch pitch, 3.5-inch disk drives. The drive
bays are accessed from the enclosure front. Two LED’s on the front of the tray are used
to indicate the drive status. A key-lock on each drive tray secures the hard drive in place,
while an easily accessible release button ensures fast and efficient drive hot-swapping.
Figure 1-14: Drive Tray Front Bezel
WARNING!
Be careful not to warp, twist, or contort the drive tray in any way (e.g., by dropping it
or resting heavy objects on it). The drive tray has been customized to fit into the drive
bays in the subsystem. If the drive bay superstructure is deformed or altered, the drive
trays may not fit into the drive bay.
1.2.3 RAID Controller Modules
Part Number:
12-bay GHDX-2422S-12F4DÆPN: GALHDX-7370S-U320 (w/ 256MB DDR DIMM)
8-bay GHDX-2422S-8F4DÆ PN: GALHDX-7370S-U320 (w/ 256MB DDR DIMM)
The RAID controller module contains a main circuit board, a preinstalled 256MB
capacity or above DDR RAM DIMM module, and the necessary support interfaces. The
controller module contains no user-serviceable components. Except when replacing a
faulty unit or installing/upgrading the cache memory inside, the controller module should
never be removed or opened.
Subsystem Components
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Galaxy GHDX-2422S-8+12F4D Installation and Hardware Reference Manual
The two models’ rear-facing controller faceplates look identical.
WARNING!
Although the RAID controller can be removed, the only time you should touch the
controller itself is to replace the memory module or to install the memory module.
The RAID controller is built of sensitive components and unnecessary tampering can
damage the controller.
Figure 1-15: Controller Module Faceplate for GHDX-2422S-12F4D
All external interfaces that connect to external devices are located on the controller
module rear panel. The interfaces are listed below.
•
Host Ports
FC-4G Host Ports: The RAID controller module has two (2) SFP sockets labeled FCCH0 and FC-CH1. Two FC-4G host channels connect the subsystem to the host
computers equipped with FC-4G Fiber-optic compatible adapters. The Fibre Channel
host ports receive SFP transceivers and then to LC-type cables. These SFP ports can
auto-negotiate the speed and determine the data transmission rate.
NOTE:
This subsystems come with preset configurations for channel mode and channel ID
settings, and should be sufficient for most applications.
•
Ethernet Port
All controller modules on the subsystems come with a single 10/100BasedT RJ-45
Ethernet port. The Ethernet port is used for local or remote management through the
network using the RAIDWatch GUI manager or Telnet protocol.
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Subsystem Components
Chapter 1: Introduction
•
COM Port
All controller modules come with one RS-232C (audio jack) serial port. The serial port is
used for local access to the system-embedded configuration utility over the included
serial port cable.
DIMM Module
The controller module comes with a preinstalled 256MB capacity or above DDR RAM
DIMM module and can support a larger capacity up to 2GB. The DIMM module is
mounted in an easily accessible location on the controller board. However, when the
DIMM module is being changed, the controller module must be removed from the
subsystem chassis.
1.2.4 Optional BBU Module
Part Number: - GALHDX-9273CBT-C
An optional, separately purchased Li-ION battery backup unit (BBU) module can sustain
cache memory for days after a power failure. If you purchased a BBU, it will be installed
on the upper left corner of the controller module in the rear of subsystem chassis. Please
refer to Chapter 2 for installation details.
Figure 1-16: BBU Module
In accordance with international transportation regulations, the BBU module is only
charged to between 35% and 45% of its total capacity when shipped. Therefore, when
powering on the subsystem for the first time (see Section 4.4) the BBU will begin to
charge its batteries to their full capacity. It normally requires approximately seven (7)
hours for the battery to be fully charged. If the battery is not fully charged after seven (7)
hours (its LED is still flashing), there is a problem with the BBU module and you should
contact your subsystem vendor immediately. While the battery is being charged, the LED
on the BBU rear panel and the fifth LED on the controller module will flash. (See
Chapter 3 for details on the LED indicators.)
Subsystem Components
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Galaxy GHDX-2422S-8+12F4D Installation and Hardware Reference Manual
You can check the status of the battery’s charge via RAIDWatch manager or the
firmware utility screen.
1.2.5 Power Supply Units
Part Number: GALHDX-9272CPSU
PN: GALHDX-9272CPSU
The SATA-based Galaxy subsystems are equipped with two (2) redundant, hotswappable, 2U-profile, 350W power supply unit (PSUs) modules. The PSU is
permanently mounted into a 2U high (dual-level) bracket especially designed to house
both the PSU and a cooling module mounted underneath. PSUs can be found on either
side of the controller module.
Each PSU comes with a single power socket for power cord plug-in and a single power
switch for you to turn the PSU on and off. Each PSU also comes with two embedded
cooling fans to provide sufficient airflow to keep the PSU cool. A single LED is used to
indicate the PSU status. A handle at the back of the PSU has been especially designed to
enable you to remove the PSU from the subsystem while the system is still online. This
should only be done if the PSU has failed and needs to be replaced.
Figure 1-17: PSU Module
NOTE:
Hot-swapping the PSU also removes the cooling module at the lower slot.
A retention screw at the upper right corner of the PSU module is used to secure the PSU
to the enclosure. If the PSU needs to be removed, the retention screw must be removed
first. When installing a new PSU module, make sure that the retention screw has been
firmly secured.
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Subsystem Components
Chapter 1: Introduction
PSU specifications are shown in Appendix B.
1.2.6 Single-fan Cooling Modules
Part Number: GALHDX-9272CfanModE
The SATA-based Galaxy subsystems are equipped with two (for the 8-bay model) or
three (for the 12-bay model), 1U single-fan, redundant, hot-swappable cooling modules
shown in Figure 1-18. One 9.7cm fan is housed in each cooling module. These modules
have been designed to generate a cooling flow from the front to the rear of the subsystem
to extract the heat generated by the SATA hard drives. Two of the cooling modules are
installed directly beneath the PSUs. For the 12-bay subsystem, a third module is located
directly beneath the controller module.
Figure 1-18: Top View of a Single-fan Cooling Module
Advanced Fault-Preventative Operation
The cooling modules support dual-speed operation modes that help to protect the
subsystem in the event of component failure or extreme working conditions.
Intelligent Dual Speed Operation
The cooling fans operate with two rotation speeds. Under normal operating conditions,
the cooling fans run at the low speed, which is sufficient for maintaining efficient airflow
across components. Under the following conditions, cooling fans raise their rotation
speed to increase the airflow:
1.
Component Failure: if another cooling module, a PSU, or a temperature sensor
fails, the remaining cooling fan(s) automatically raises its rotation speed.
2.
Elevated Temperature: if the temperature breaches the upper threshold set for any
of the interior temperature sensors, the cooling fans automatically raises its
rotation speed.
Subsystem Components
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Galaxy GHDX-2422S-8+12F4D Installation and Hardware Reference Manual
3.
During the subsystem initialization stage, the cooling fans operate at the high
speed and return to lower speed once the initialization process is completed and
no erroneous condition is detected.
NOTE:
There are two values set for the upper temperature thresholds. One is set for event
notification and the other triggering higher fan rotation speed. The preset value
for event notification can be changed using the firmware-embedded configuration
utility, while the fan speed trigger is not a user’s option. Please refer to the
Generic Operation Manual for the options with event notification values.
1.3. Subsystem Monitoring
The SATA-based RAID subsystems come with a number of different monitoring
methods that provide you with continual updates on the status of the system and
individual components. The following monitoring features are included in the subsystem.
1.3.1 I2C bus
The following subsystem elements interface to the RAID controller over a non-user serviceable I2C bus:
♦
Power supply status
♦
Cooling module
♦
Temperature sensors on the backplane and within the RAID controller module
1.3.2 LED Indicators
The following active components all come with LEDs that indicate the status of the
individual components:
1-14
•
RAID controller
•
LCD panel
•
Cooling module
•
PSU module
•
BBU module
•
Drive trays
Subsystem Monitoring
Chapter 1: Introduction
1.3.3 Firmware and RAIDWatch GUI
Firmware: The firmware (FW) is pre-installed software that is used to configure the
subsystem. The FW can be accessed through either the front panel LCD module or a
terminal emulation program that is installed on an external computer connected to the
host.
RAIDWatch: RAIDWatch is a premier web-based graphical user interface (GUI) that can
be installed on a remote computer and is used to access the array through LAN or the
Internet. The manager communicates with the array via the connection of the existing
host interface or Ethernet link to the RJ-45 LAN port.
1.3.4 Audible Alarms
The subsystems come with audible alarms that are triggered when certain active
components fail or when certain (controller or subsystem) thresholds are exceeded. If you
hear hastily repeated beep tones from the subsystems it is imperative that you
immediately determine and rectify the problem.
Event notification messages indicate the completion of or the condition when proceeding
with array configuration tasks and are always accompanied by two or three successive
and prolonged beeps.
WARNING!
Failing to respond when a critical alarm is heard can lead to permanent damage of
the subsystem. When an audible alarm is heard, rectify the problem as soon as
possible.
1.4. Hot-swappable Components
1.4.1 Hot-swap Capabilities
The Galaxy GHDX-2422S-8F4D and GHDX-2422S-12F4D subsystems come with a
number of hot-swappable components. A hot-swap component is one that can be
exchanged while the subsystem is still online without affecting the operational integrity
of the subsystem. These components should only be removed from the subsystem when
they are being replaced. At no other time should these components be removed from the
subsystem.
1.4.2 Components
The following components are all hot-swappable:
•
Power supply units (PSUs)
•
Cooling modules
Hot-swappable Components
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Galaxy GHDX-2422S-8+12F4D Installation and Hardware Reference Manual
•
Hard drives
•
BBU module
NOTE:
Instructions on how to replace these hot-swappable are given in Chapter 5.
1.4.3 Normalized Airflow
Proper subsystem cooling is referred to as “normalized” airflow. Normalized airflow
ensures the sufficient cooling of the subsystem and is only attained when all components
are properly installed. Therefore, a failed component should only be hot-swapped when a
replacement is available. If a failed component is removed but not replaced, permanent
damage to the subsystem can result.
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Hot-swappable Components
Chapter 2: Hardware Installation
Chapter 2
Hardware Installation
2.1 Introduction
This chapter gives detailed instructions on how to install the subsystem. When installing
the subsystem, it is necessary to mount the chassis into a rack or cabinet and to install
hard drives and drive trays. Installation into a rack or cabinet should occur before the
hard drives or drive trays are installed into the subsystem. Please confirm that you
received all of the components listed on the Unpacking List that came with the
subsystem before proceeding with the installation process.
CAUTION!
Please note that the installation instructions described in this chapter should be
carefully followed to prevent any difficulties and damages to your system.
2.2 Installation Pre-requisites
1.
Static-free installation environment: The subsystem must be installed in a static-free
environment to minimize the possibility of electrostatic discharge (ESD) damage.
(See Section 2.3)
2.
Component check: Before installing the subsystem, you should confirm that you
have received all of the required components by checking the package contents
against the Unpacking Checklist. If any items appear damaged, contact your vendor
for a replacement.
3.
Hard drives: SATA-II hard drives have been pre-integrated into the Galaxy raid
trays. These drive trays must be installed before you can operate the Galaxy. If
replacement drives are needed, use this procedure to install them into the subsystem.
(See Section 2.9 for installation instructions)
4.
Cabling:
(1). The subsystems come with no external cables for Fibre Channel connection to a
host computer. All host connection cables should be separately purchased.
Please see Chapter 4 for sample topologies and configuration options.
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Galaxy GHDX-2422S-8+12F4D Installation and Hardware Reference Manual
SFP transceivers: If the FC cables that were previously purchased do not come
with pre-installed SFP transceivers, SFP transceivers with LC-type, multi-mode
cables must be separately purchased. (See Section 4.2.3)
(2). One (1) audio-jack-to-DB9 cable is provided to facilitate the connection of the
COM1 port for local terminal emulation access to the array.
(3). Two (2) power cords are provided for the power connections to the power
sources.
(4). The RJ-45 Ethernet cable for network management connection is a user-supplied
item.
5.
Memory modules: If you wish to change the pre-installed memory modules, the
separately purchased modules must be installed. Please contact your vendor for a
different memory module or consult the list of compatible modules.
6.
BBU module: If you wish to use a BBU module, the module can be purchased
separately.
7.
Rack installation: The enclosure chassis can be installed into a rack cabinet using
self-purchased mounting rails, or Galaxy’s GAL-9272CEslide28 or GAL9272CEslide36 mounting rails. A printed copy of installation guide is provided with
the slide rail packages.
2.3 Safety Precautions
2.3.1
2-2
Precautions and Instructions
1.
Be sure the correct power range (100~120 or 220~240VAC) is supplied by your
rack cabinet, UPS device, or power outlet.
2.
Thermal notice: All drive trays (even if they do not contain a hard drive) must be
installed into the enclosure. Leaving a drive bay or module slot open will greatly
affect the efficiency of airflow within the enclosure, and will consequently lead to
system overheating. Keep a faulty module in place until you have a replacement unit
and you are ready to replace it.
3.
An enclosure without disk drives can weigh up to 24 kilograms. Two (2) people will
be required to install or relocate the subsystem. Drives should be removed from the
enclosure before moving the subsystem.
4.
Airflow considerations: The subsystem requires an airflow clearance especially on
the front and on the rear. A minimum of 2.5cm is required between the front of the
Safety Precautions
Chapter 2: Hardware Installation
enclosure and rack cover. A minimum of 5cm is required between the enclosure and
the end of the rack.
5.
Handle the system modules by the retention screws, eject levers, or the module’s
metal frame/face plate only. Avoid touching the PCB boards, connector pins, and
soldered surfaces.
6.
None of the covers or replaceable modules should be removed in order to maintain
compliance with safety, emission, or thermal requirements.
7.
Always secure every enclosure module by its retaining screws or make sure it is held
in place by its latches.
8.
Always make sure the subsystem has a safe electrical earth connection via power
cords or chassis ground by the rack cabinet.
9.
Be sure that the rack cabinet in which the subsystem chassis is to be installed
provides sufficient ventilation channels and airflow circulation around the
subsystem.
10. Provide a soft, clean surface to place your enclosure on before working on it.
Servicing the enclosure on a rough surface may damage the finish of the chassis.
11. If it is necessary to transport the subsystem, repackage all disk drives separately. If
using the original package material, all other modules can stay within the enclosure.
2.3.2
Static-free Installation
The subsystem contains static-sensitive electronic components that can be damaged by
improper handling and electrostatic discharge (ESD). To prevent ESD damage to any of
the components, follow these precautions before touching or handling them:
2.3.3
•
Discharge the static electricity from your body by wearing an anti-static wristband
or by touching a grounded metal surface.
•
Avoid carpets, plastic, vinyl, and styrofoam in your work area.
•
Handle all components by holding their edges or metal frame. Avoid touching
PCB boards and connector pins.
BBU Warnings and Precautions
The BBU module is an optional item that can sustain cache memory in the event of a
power failure or in the unlikely event if both PSUs have failed. Having the protection
to cached data by a BBU is highly recommended. The BBU provides additional data
security and helps minimize the chance of data loss during power outage.
Safety Precautions
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Galaxy GHDX-2422S-8+12F4D Installation and Hardware Reference Manual
2-4
•
Replace the BBU once it shows symptoms failing to hold the charge. Although
the life expectancy of a BBU is determined by the times it has been charged or
discharged, a BBU can approximately last for one year. If the battery recharge
time is obviously longer than the suggested 12 hours, or if the fault LED is lit,
replace the battery.
•
Install or replace the BBU module only with a BBU module supplied by your
subsystem vendor. Use of battery cells provided by another source will void our
warranty.
•
Always dispose of discharged or used batteries in an ecologically responsible
manner. Dispose used BBUs at authorized battery disposal sites only.
•
Do not use nor leave the BBU near a heat source or direct sunlight. Heat can
melt the insulation and damage other safety features of battery cells, possibly
leading it to acid leak and result in flames or explosion.
•
Do not immerse the BBU in water nor allow it to get wet. Its protective features
can be damaged. Abnormal chemical reactions may occur, possibly causing
functional defects, acid leak, and other hazardous results.
•
Do not disassemble or modify the BBU. If disassembled, the BBU could leak
acid, overheat, emit smoke, burst and/or ignite.
•
Do not pierce the BBU with a sharp object, strike it with a hammer, step on it, or
throw it. These actions could damage or deform it, internal short-circuiting can
occur, possibly causing functional defects, acid leaks, and other hazardous
results.
•
If the BBU leaks, gives off a bad odor, generates heat, becomes discolored or
deformed, or in any way appears abnormal during use, recharging or storage,
immediately remove it from the subsystem and stop using it. If this is discovered
when you first use the BBU, return it to your system vendor.
Safety Precautions
Chapter 2: Hardware Installation
2.4 General Installation Procedure
Following all the instructions provided below can save installation time. Detailed,
illustrated instructions for each component are given in the following sections.
CAUTION!
To ensure that your system is correctly installed, please follow the steps outlined
below. If you follow these steps, installation will be fast and efficient. If you do
not follow these steps, you may have incorrectly installed the hardware.
Step 1.
Unpack. Unpack the subsystem and make sure that all the required
subsystem components have indeed arrived. (See Section 0)
Step 2.
Install an optional BBU: a battery backup unit is highly recommended
for its protection to data integrity. It should be installed prior to
operating the subsystem. (See Section 2.8)
Step 3.
Rack/Cabinet installation. If the subsystem is going to be installed in a
rack or a cabinet, it should be installed prior to the installation of the
hard drives. Installing the subsystem into a rack or cabinet requires at
least two people.
Step 4.
Install hard drives. Your hard drives have been pre-integrated into
drive trays. Replacement or separately purchased SATA hard drives
must be individually installed into the drive trays. (See Section 2.9)
Step 6.
Install drive trays. After the hard drives have been installed into the
drive trays, the drive trays must be installed into the enclosure itself.
Step 7.
Connect the cables. Use the supplied power cables to connect the
subsystem to main power. Use separately purchased FC cables and SFP
transceivers to connect the host ports to the Fibre Channel network or
host computers. (See Chapter 4)
Step 8.
Power up. Once all of the components have been properly installed and
all the cables properly connected, the subsystem can be powered up and
the RAID array configured. (See Chapter 4)
General Installation Procedure
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Galaxy GHDX-2422S-8+12F4D Installation and Hardware Reference Manual
2.4.1 Installation Procedure Flowchart
Figure 2-1 shows a flowchart of the installation procedure. As you complete each step,
check off the “Done” box on the right. Please use this flowchart in conjunction with the
instructions that follow.
Figure 2-1: Installation Procedure Flowchart
2.5 Unpacking the Subsystem
Use the unpacking checklist in your package to check package contents. Carefully check
the items contained in each box before proceeding with installation.
Each packed box is separated into the upper and lower levels.
Upper level: The boxes on the upper level contain:
•
•
Eight (8) or twelve (12) drive canisters
Accessory items
Lower level: The lower box should contain the enclosure chassis with all the pre-installed
components. The pre-installed components should include:
•
2-6
RAID controller module
Chapter 2: Hardware Installation
•
PSU modules
•
LCD panel
•
Cooling modules
•
A backplane
Accessory items are placed in a box in the upper level. They include two power cords, a
null modem, screws, an audio jack cable, a printed copy of Quick Installation Guide and
an Unpacking Checklist and a product utility CD containing the Installation and
Hardware Reference Manual (this document), Generic Operation (Firmware) Manual,
RAIDWatch GUI software and RAIDWatch User’s Manual.
2.6 Installation Overview
2.6.1
Pre-installed Components
The following components have been pre-installed in the Galaxy subsystems and
therefore do not need to be installed.
•
2 - PSU modules
•
Cooling modules: 3 for the 12 drive bays, or 2 for 8 drive bays
•
1 - RAID Controller module
•
1 - Memory DIMM module (mounted on the controller)
•
1 - LCD keypad panel
•
2 - foldable forearm handles
•
1 - backplane
2.6.2
Uninstalled Components
You must install the following components:
•
Pre-integrated Raid trays containing hard drives
•
FC cables and SFP transceivers
•
A separately purchased BBU (a BBU is shipped in a different package)
Installation Overview
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Galaxy GHDX-2422S-8+12F4D Installation and Hardware Reference Manual
2.7 Rackmounting
The subsystem is easily installed into a standard 19-inch rack cabinet using the mounting
holes on the sides of chassis.
The enclosure chassis can be installed using self-purchased mounting rails, or GAL9272CEslide28 and GAL-9272CEslide36 rails.
2.7.1
Considerations for Installation Site and Chassis
•
Make sure you have an appropriate site location and cables prepared with adequate
lengths to connect to main power and other devices.
•
At least two people will be required to install the chassis. Disk drives should only be
installed after the chassis is properly mounted. The chassis can weigh about 24Kgs
without disk drives.
•
The following tools are necessary for mounting the chassis:
ƒ
ƒ
•
Use the included M5 or M6 screws for securing the chassis through its front
mounting ears.
•
More details about the use of optional slide rails are given in the Installation Guide
that came with the slide rail package.
2.7.2
2-8
#4 Phillips-head screwdriver
Wrenches may be necessary, depending on the rack type
Mounting Holes Positions
•
Integrators may design their own brackets or slide rails using the twenty-two (22)
mounting holes on the sides of chassis.
•
There are six (6) mounting holes with six (6) M4 nuts near the end of the chassis on
each side. Shown below are the locations of these mounting holes. (See the arrow
marks in Figure 2-2). See the next diagram for another group of mounting holes on a
horizontal line.
Rackmounting
Chapter 2: Hardware Installation
Figure 2-2: Enclosure Side Mounting Holes (1)
•
Figure 2-3 shows holes that are designed for slide rail options. There are five (5)
mounting holes for #6-32 screws on the sides of the enclosure for use with slide rails
purchased separately from us or other vendors.
•
You may purchase slide rail options (P/N: GAL-9272CEslide28 & GAL9272CEslide36). For information on installing the chassis using the slide rails, please
refer to the Installation Guide that came with the kit.
Figure 2-3: Enclosure Side Mounting Holes (2)
•
Use M5 or M6 pan-head screws to secure the chassis to the front cabinet posts. The
front ear holes are shown in Figure 2-4.
Figure 2-4: Front Ear Holes
WARNING: DO NOT USE JUST THE FRONT EAR HOLES TO MOUNT THE
GALAXY IN THE RACK. DATA LOSS OR CORRUPTION MAY OCCUR.
Rackmounting
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Galaxy GHDX-2422S-8+12F4D Installation and Hardware Reference Manual
2.8 BBU Installation
2.8.1 BBU Module Installation Overview
The BBU module is an optional item that can sustain cached data in the event of a power
outage or in the unlikely event that both PSUs have failed. Purchasing and installing a
BBU is highly recommended. The optional BBU provides additional data security and
helps minimize the chance of data loss during power shutdowns.
The BBU module is inserted into the subsystem in the module slot at the upper left corner
of the controller module. The BBU module is secured to the subsystem with two (2)
retention screws. When shipped, the BBU module slot in the subsystem rear panel is
covered with a metal dummy plate that must first be removed.
2.8.2 Installation Procedure
To install a BBU into the subsystem, please follow these steps:
Step 1.
Remove the metal sheet from the chassis. A metal sheet covers the
BBU module slot on the rear panel of the subsystem. The metal sheet is
attached to the chassis with two (2) screws. These screws must be
removed. To loosen, turn the screws counterclockwise. (See Figure 2-5)
Figure 2-5: Remove the Metal Sheet Retention Screws
Step 2.
2-10
Once the retention screws are loosened, wedge a screwdriver between
the back of the dummy plate and the interior wall of the subsystem
enclosure. Gently lever the dummy plate out of the enclosure. (See
Figure 2-6)
BBU Installation
Chapter 2: Hardware Installation
Figure 2-6: Removing the BBU Slot Dummy Plate
Step 3.
Install the BBU module. Align the BBU module with the BBU module
slot and gently insert the BBU module until the back of the BBU
module reaches the end of the slot.
Figure 2-7: Installing the BBU Module
Step 4.
Secure the BBU module to the enclosure. Tighten the two (2) retention
screws on the back of the BBU module. The BBU module comes
equipped with a charger circuit. Once the BBU is properly installed, the
installation process is completed.
IMPORTANT!
If a BBU is added when the subsystem has already been put to use, reset the subsystem
for the configuration change to take effect. Although a BBU can be added online, the
BBU module will only be functional after a subsystem reset.
BBU Installation
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Galaxy GHDX-2422S-8+12F4D Installation and Hardware Reference Manual
2.9 Hard Drive Installation
NOTE:
Your hard drives have been pre-integrated and tested. Use the following hard
drive procedure when a faulty drive needs replacement.
2.9.1 Hard Drive Installation Overview
WARNING!
1.
Handle hard drives with extreme care. Hard drives are very delicate.
Dropping a drive onto a hard surface (even from a short distance) and hitting
or touching the circuits on the drives with your tools may all cause damage
to drives.
2.
Observe all ESD prevention methods when handling hard drives.
3.
Only use screws supplied with the drive canisters. Longer screws may
damage the drive.
2.9.2 Hard Drive Installation Prerequisites
CAUTION!
The hard drives and drive trays should only be installed into the subsystem once
the subsystem has been mounted into a rack cabinet. If the hard drives are
installed first, the subsystem will be too heavy to place into position and the
possible impact during installation may damage your drives.
Replacement hard drives for the subsystem must be purchased separately. When
purchasing the hard drives, the following factors must be considered:
2-12
•
Capacity (MB/GB): Use drives with the same capacity. RAID arrays use a
“least-common-denominator” approach. The maximum capacity of each drive
used in the array is the maximum capacity of the smallest drive. Use drives of
the same capacity.
•
Profile: The drive trays and bays of the system are designed for 3.5-inch wide x
1-inch high hard drives. It is highly recommended that you do not try to use
drives of any other size.
Hard Drive Installation
Chapter 2: Hardware Installation
•
Drive type: The subsystem described in this manual can use either SATA-II or
SATA-I hard drives.
2.9.3 Drive Installation
SATA drives can be immediately installed into the drive trays.
Step 1. Correctly orient the hard drive. Prior to installing the hard drive into
the drive tray, make sure that the drive’s SATA connector is facing the
back of the drive tray.
Step 2. Adjust the drive’s location until the mounting holes in the drive canister
are aligned with those on the hard drive. Secure the drive with four
supplied 6/32 flathead screws.
Figure 2-8: Insert the Hard Drive and the Retention Screws
Hard Drive Installation
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Galaxy GHDX-2422S-8+12F4D Installation and Hardware Reference Manual
2.10 Drive Tray Installation
Once the hard drives have been installed in the drive trays, the drive trays must be
installed into the subsystem.
WARNING!
All drive trays must be installed into the enclosure even if they do not contain a
hard drive. If the trays are not installed into the enclosure, the ventilation required
for cooling will be disturbed and the subsystem will overheat.
Step 1. Make sure that the hard drive is secured to the drive tray. Make sure
the key-lock is in the unlocked position. The key-lock is unlocked if the
groove on its face is in a horizontal orientation. If the groove is in a
vertical position, as shown in Figure 2-9, then the key-lock is locked
and the front flap on the drive tray cannot be opened.
Figure 2-9: Front View of an Individual Drive Tray
Step 2. Open the front flap on the drive tray. (See Figure 2-10) To open the
front flap, push the release button (shown in Figure 2-9) on the front
bezel. The front flap will open in an upward direction.
2-14
Drive Tray Installation
Chapter 2: Hardware Installation
Figure 2-10: Open Drive Tray Front Flap
Step 3. Align the drive tray up with the slot in which you wish to insert it.
Make sure that it is resting on the rails inside the module slot. Once the
drive tray is lined up with the slot, gently slide it in. This should be done
smoothly and gently.
Figure 2-11: Installing a Drive Tray
Step 4. Close the front flap on the drive tray. Make sure the front flap is closed
properly. Closing the front flap ensures that the drive tray is firmly
connected to the corresponding connector on the backplane board. If the
front flap is not closed properly, the connection between the HDD and
the subsystem will not be secure. DO NOT SLAM the drive tray into
place! The connector pins might be damaged. If the front flap is not
closed properly, the connection between the hard drive and the
subsystem will not be secure.
Step 5. Lock the flap into place. To lock the flap into place, turn the key-lock
until the groove on its face is in a vertical orientation.
Drive Tray Installation
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Galaxy GHDX-2422S-8+12F4D Installation and Hardware Reference Manual
Figure2-12: Drive Tray Key-lock Rotation
Step 6. Once all drive trays are installed, the RAID subsystem will poll the
drive channels and recognize the drives and scan them in automatically.
When powered up, you should check the LEDs on drive bezels to
ensure all drives are receiving power and are functional. All drive
LEDs should be solid green after the initialization stage.
2-16
Chapter 3: Subsystem Monitoring
Chapter 3
Subsystem Monitoring
This chapter provides information on how to monitor the Galaxy RAID subsystems.
3.1 Subsystem Monitoring Overview
The subsystem is equipped with a variety of self-monitoring features that keep you
informed of the subsystem’s operational status. These monitoring features provide vital
feedback to help you maintain the operational integrity of the subsystem. Prompt
response to warnings and component failure notifications will improve the overall
operation and help ensure the longevity of the RAID subsystem.
Self-monitoring features include:
•
Firmware (FW): The RAID controllers in the subsystems come with preinstalled FW. The FW can be accessed using either the LCD keypad panel or a
PC running terminal software through the RS-232C (audio jack) serial port.
Device status information can be obtained from the FW. The FW capabilities
have been fully described in the “Fibre to SATA RAID Subsystem Operation
Manual” that came with your subsystems. Please refer to this manual for further
information.
•
RAIDWatch: RAIDWatch is a fully integrated Java based Graphical User
Interface (GUI) that came with the subsystem and can be used to monitor and
maintain the subsystem using web browsers. Connection to a RAIDWatch
station is made using the existing Ethernet ports.
The RAIDWatch Panel View can be customized to show a direct, graphical
representation of the subsystem in the content panel of the RAIDWatch screen.
Panel View allows you to quickly determine the operational status of critical
components. Detailed information for the RAIDWatch manager is given in the
RAIDWatch User’s Manual included in the Product Utility CD that came with
your subsystem.
•
Configuration Client: The powerful Configuration Client sub-module can be
used to keep you informed of system events via a variety of communication
methods like email, LAN broadcast, fax, pager, MSN messenger and SMS. The
sub-module runs as an independent program from RAIDWatch main program.
The Configuration Client helps prevent blind time and keeps you constantly
informed as to the status of the storage management subsystem. Instructions on
Subsystem Monitoring Overview
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Galaxy GHDX-2422S-8+12F4D Installation and Hardware Reference Manual
how to activate the Configuration Client functionality are given in the
RAIDWatch User’s Manual.
•
LEDs: Device status indicating LEDs are placed on all of the subsystem’s active
components. These LEDs inform you of the integrity of a given component or of
a given FC link. You should become familiar with the different LEDs that are
present on the subsystem and be aware of their functions.
•
Audible alarm: An audible alarm is present on the subsystem controller board
and will be triggered if any of a number of threatening events occurs. These
events usually jeopardize the functional and operational integrity of the
controller board and must be heeded at all times. Events such as a breach of the
temperature threshold will trigger the alarm and if an onsite subsystem manager
is present, the manager should use either the LCD panel or the terminal station
to determine the cause of the alarm and take the appropriate corrective measures.
•
I2C: Sensors and presence detect signals are implemented through an I2C serial
bus that is used to monitor the operational integrity of the cooling and PSU
modules; or collect data from temperature sensors (present/not present,
ready/fail, etc.).
Subsystem monitoring is a necessary part of subsystem management. When failure events
or other disruptive events are detected and reported, the subsystem manager must take the
appropriate action to rectify the problem. Failure to act in a properly specified manner to
a system event (such as overheating) can cause severe and permanent damage to the
subsystem.
3-2
Subsystem Monitoring Overview
Chapter 3: Subsystem Monitoring
3.2 Status-indicating LEDs
3.2.1
Brief Overview of the LEDs
The following devices come with LEDs that inform subsystem managers about the
operational status of the component on which they are mounted. The subsystems feature
status-indicating LEDs distributed over the active components in the following ways:
Component
LED(s) per Unit
Total LEDs
Definition
Drive Trays
2
24 – 12 bay
See Section 3.2.5
16 – 8 bay
Controller Module
5
5
See Section 3.2.2
Ethernet Ports
2
2
See Section 3.2.3
BBU Module (if BBU
is installed)
1
1
See Section 3.2.8
PSU Module
1
2
See Section 3.2.6
LCD Keypad Panel
3
3
See Section 3.2.4
Cooling Module
1
3 – 12 bay
See Section 3.2.7
2 – 8 bay
Table 3-1: LED Distribution
3.2.2
Controller Module LEDs
The rear-facing faceplate of the controller module is shown in Figure 3-1. The relative
locations of LEDs are the same on either the GHDX-2422S-8F4D or the GHDX-2422S12F4D. The LEDs are numbered from 1 to 5. There are two more LEDs on the Ethernet
port. The LED definitions are shown in Table 3-2 below.
The two models’ rear-facing faceplates look identical.
Status-indicating LEDs
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Galaxy GHDX-2422S-8+12F4D Installation and Hardware Reference Manual
Figure 3-1: GHDX-2422S-12F4D RAID Controller Faceplate
LED
Name
Color
Status
1
Ready
Green
Flashing indicates that the controller is being initialized.
ON indicates that the controller has successfully booted, is active,
and operating properly.
OFF indicates that the controller is not ready for operation.
2
Hst Bsy (Host
Ports Active)
Green
FLASHING: Activities on the host ports.
OFF: No activities on the host ports.
3
FLASHING: Activities on the drive side.
Drv Bsy (Drive
Ports Active)
Green
4
N/A
N/A
N/A
5
C_Dirty (Cache
Dirty)
Amber
ON: Indicates that data is currently being cached in memory or is
being held up by the BBU during a system power loss.
6
BBU Status
Amber
ON: Indicates the BBU has failed and cannot sustain cached data.
OFF: No activities on the drive side.
OFF: Indicates the BBU can sustain cached data in memory.
FLASHING: The BBU is charging.
(NOTE: The BBU is considered as an optional module. If a
BBU has not been installed, then this LED is always off).
Table 3-2: Controller Module LED Definitions
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Status-indicating LEDs
Chapter 3: Subsystem Monitoring
3.2.2.1
FC Controller Module LEDs
The FC controller modules have additional two (2) LEDs, labeled A and B. The
definitions of these LEDs are shown in Table 3-3 below.
LED
A
Name
Color
Status
CH0 LINK
Green
ON indicates that channel 0 link has been established.
OFF indicates that channel 0 link has not been established.
B
CH1 LINK
Green
ON indicates that channel 1 link has been established.
OFF indicates that channel 1 link has not been established.
Table 3-3: FC Port Link Status LEDs
3.2.3
LAN Port LEDs
Both the 8bay ans 12 bay Galaxy subsystems come with a RS-232C audio jack serial port
that can be used to assign a permanent IP to the subsystems. After a permanent IP address
has been assigned, an Ethernet cable can be used to connect the RJ-45 Ethernet port to a
network hub or router. This enables you to manage your subsystem locally or remotely
over TCP/IP. See Figure 3-2 for the locations of the two LED indicators on Ethernet
port. Refer to Table 3-4 for the LED definitions.
Link Status
Activity
Figure 3-2: LAN Port LEDs
LED Name
Color
Status
Link Status
Green
ON: Indicates a valid connection to network
LAN Activity
Green
BLINKING: Indicates active transmissions
Table 3-4: Ethernet Port LED Definitions
Status-indicating LEDs
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Galaxy GHDX-2422S-8+12F4D Installation and Hardware Reference Manual
3.2.4
LCD Keypad Panel
The front panel LCD panel comes with three (3) status-indicating LEDs. The LEDs on
the front panel are marked, from top to bottom, PWR, BUSY, and ATTEN, as shown in
Figure 3-3 below. The definitions of these LEDs are shown in Table 3-5. The mute
button can be used to stop the alarm until the next controller event occurs.
Figure 3-3: LCD Keypad Panel
LED Name
Color
Status
PWR
Blue
ON indicates that power is being supplied to the subsystem.
OFF indicates that no power is being supplied to the
subsystem.
BUSY
White
Flashing indicates that there is activity on the host/drive
channels.
OFF indicates that there is no activity on the host/drive
channels.
ATTEN
Red
ON indicates that one or more component failure/critical
events have occurred.
OFF indicates that the subsystem and all its components are
operating correctly.
Table 3-5: LCD Panel LED Definitions
NOTE:
The LCD panel ATTEN LED will, during the power up process, be turned on. If the
subsystem boots up correctly, then the ATTEN LED will be turned off after the boot up
procedure is complete.
3-6
Status-indicating LEDs
Chapter 3: Subsystem Monitoring
3.2.5
Drive Tray LEDs
The drive trays come with two (2) status-indicating LEDs, one that indicates power and
the other that indicates hard drive activity. The LEDs are shown in Figure 3-4 and their
definitions in Table 3-6.
Figure 3-4: Drive Tray LEDs
LED
Name
Color
Status
Drive
Busy
Blue
FLASHING indicates there is read/write activity on the
drive.
OFF indicates there is no read/write activity on the drive.
Power
Status
Green/Red
GREEN indicates that power is being supplied to the drive.
RED indicates that the drive has failed
Table 3-6: Drive Tray LED Definitions
3.2.6
PSU Module LED
The PSU module has one (1) LED located just above the power switch and just below the
retention screw. (See Figure 3-5) The LED indicates the operational status of the PSU
module. Please refer to Table 3-7 for PSU LED definitions.
Figure 3-5: PSU Module LED
Status-indicating LEDs
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Galaxy GHDX-2422S-8+12F4D Installation and Hardware Reference Manual
Color
Status
Flashing Green
The power supply has not been turned on. The PSU module LED
will blink when the subsystem is connected to a power source but
has not been turned on.
Static Green
The PSU is operating normally and experiencing no problems
Static Red
The PSU has failed and is unable to continue providing power to the
subsystem.
OFF
The power cord is unplugged or the power cord is plugged but no
power is being supplied from the power source.
Table 3-7: PSU Module LED Definitions
3.2.7
Cooling Module LED
Figure 3-6: Cooling Module LED
Each cooling module has one (1) red LED on the back. Each LED corresponds to a single
fan within the cooling module. (See Figure 3-6 for the LED’s location)
RED
Status
OFF
The respective cooling fan is operating normally.
ON
The respective cooling fan has failed and the module must be
replaced.
Table 3-8: Cooling Module LED Definitions
3-8
Status-indicating LEDs
Chapter 3: Subsystem Monitoring
3.2.8
BBU Module LED
Figure 3-7: Battery Module LED Location
Yellow
Status
ON
Battery failed.
OFF
Battery operating normally.
Flashing
Battery is charging.
Table 3-9: Battery LED Definitions
Status-indicating LEDs
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Galaxy GHDX-2422S-8+12F4D Installation and Hardware Reference Manual
3.3 Audible Alarm
Different subsystem environmental and operational parameters (such as temperature, etc.)
have been assigned a range of values between which they can fluctuate. If either the
upper or lower thresholds are exceeded, an audible alarm will automatically be triggered.
The alarm will also be triggered when an active component of the subsystem fails. If the
subsystem manager is onsite and is alerted by the alarm, the manager needs to read the
error message on the LCD screen or on the PC terminal to determine what has triggered
the alarm. After determining what has occurred, the subsystem manager must take
appropriate actions to rectify the problem.
WARNING!
Whenever an alarm is triggered, you must determine the problem. If the audible alarm
is ignored or not taken seriously and the problem is not rectified, permanent damage
to the system can result.
3.3.1
Default Threshold Values
Table 3-10 shows the default threshold values for the subsystem. If any of these values
are surpassed, the alarm will sound:
Parameter
Upper Threshold
Lower Threshold
Enclosure Ambient
Temperature
40ºC
0ºC
+3.3V
+3.6V
+2.9V
+5V
+5.5V
+4.5V
+12V
+13.2V
+10.8V
CPU Temperature
90ºC
5ºC
Board Temperature
90ºC
5ºC
Table 3-10: Default Threshold Values
The thresholds in Table 3-10 are the default threshold values. Except the “Enclosure
Ambient Temperature,” the user can change the rest of the values. To see how to change
these values, please refer to the Generic Operation Manual that came with your system.
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Audible Alarm
Chapter 3: Subsystem Monitoring
Note that the trigger point on temperature for raising the rotation speed of cooling fans is
pre-adjusted according to environment tests and might not coincide with the temperature
thresholds.
3.3.2
Failed Devices
If any of the following devices fail, the audible alarm will be triggered:
♦
Cooling modules
♦
PSU modules
♦
BBU module
♦
Hard drives
♦
Components on the RAID controller
3.4 I2C Monitoring
Module presence detection and the general working status of cooling fan and other
modules are monitored through an I2C serial bus. If any of these modules fails, the failure
will be detected and you will be notified via the various methods described above.
I2C Monitoring
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left blank.
3-12
I2C Monitoring
Chapter 4: Subsystem Connection and Operation
Chapter 4
Subsystem Connection and
Operation
This chapter introduces sample topologies, configuration options and server connections for the
Galaxy subsystems and discusses both the power on and power off procedures.
4.1 FC Host Connection Prerequisites
NOTE:
The topics covered in Section 4.2 only pertain to the FC models.
4.1.1
Cabling
The FC Standard allows for optical connections. Optical cables can be used over long
distances, have been shown to be more reliable, and are less susceptible to EMI. Due to
the extremely high data transfer rates, Fiber-optic cables are preferred for 4Gbps FC
connectivity.
WARNING!
All cables must be handled with care. To prevent interference within a rack system,
the cable routing path must be carefully planned and they must not be bent.
4.1.2
FC Lasers
WARNING!
Lasers can be hazardous and may cause permanent eye damage or blindness, and
therefore must be carefully handled and used with caution. Never look at lasers
without knowing whether they are on or off. Carefully read the associated warning
messages that shall be provided with the SFP transceivers you purchase.
Wavelengths: The lasers on FC fiber optic cables emit either short wave (SW) beams
(770nm - 860nm) or long wave (LW) (1270 nm - 1355 nm) beams. Depending on the
transceiver type you selected, cables using either of these wavelengths can be used.
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Galaxy GHDX-2422S-8+12F4D Installation and Hardware Reference Manual
Laser types: Two (2) types of laser devices can be used in FC cables: Optical Fibre
Control (OFC) and non-OFC lasers. The OFC lasers are high-powered and can be used
over long distances.
Safety features: Due to their high power output, OFC lasers usually come with a safety
mechanism that switches the laser off as soon as it is unplugged. Non-OFC lasers are low
power and do not come with these safety features; however, they can still inflict damage.
4.1.3
SFP Transceivers
On the subsystem’s host ports, electric signals are converted by SFP transceivers into
laser light pulses. FC cables connect the subsystem’s host ports through SFP
transceivers. These transceivers should typically have at least 4Gbps bi-directional data
links, a laser transmitter (for fiber optic cables), an LC-type connector, compatibility with
multi-mode cables, and a metal enclosure to lower the EMI.
NOTE:
LC connectors are small form-factor, fiber-optic connectors based on a 1.25-mm
ceramic ferrule with the latching mechanisms of modular plug and jack.
Other beneficial features for a typical SFP transceiver include a single power supply, low
power dissipation, and hot-swap capability. It is also important that any transceiver you
use meets the FC performance and reliability specifications.
NOTE:
SFP modules must be purchased separately. A variety of FC cables and transceivers
can be used. Please purchase the correct SFP modules from your subsystem
vendor/distributor and contact them for the latest list of certified modules.
4.1.4
Fibre Channel Topologies
The Fibre Channel Standard has been designed to support Fibre Channel arbitrated loop
(FC-AL).
♦
FC-AL: This is the most common topology currently in use. Fibre Channel devices
are all connected in a loop. Each device is assigned an arbitrated loop physical
address (AL_PA). The FC-AL supports 127 devices in a single loop.
All GHDX-2422S-8F4D and GHDX-2422S-12F4D subsystems support the above
topology.
4-2
FC Host Connection Prerequisites
Chapter 4: Subsystem Connection and Operation
4.1.5
Points of Failure
The primary concern for configuring host-side topologies is that points of failure are
avoided. It is therefore recommended that the host side be connected to at least two (2)
HBAs. By-pass circuitry should be provided outside the subsystem; therefore, it is also
preferable to connect the FC RAID subsystems to the host computer(s) through FC-4G
Fibre switches.
NOTE:
To create dual-redundant data paths on the host side, it is necessary for third-party
failover software on the host computer to re-direct data flow in the event of single path
failure.
4.1.6
Sample Topology – Clustered Hosts
In the configuration shown in Figure 4-1, one (1) subsystem is connected to two (2)
clustered servers. Data path redundancy makes sense when the following configurations
are available:
1.
These two computers are clustered.
2.
HA access software control is available.
3.
The same storage volume(s) are made available on both host ports. The surviving
computer can access the array in the event of single computer failure.
Figure 4-1: Sample Topology Including Clustered Servers and One Subsystem
♦
Connections: The input ports on the subsystem, FC-CH0 and FC-CH1, are
connected to two separate host computers.
FC Host Connection Prerequisites
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Galaxy GHDX-2422S-8+12F4D Installation and Hardware Reference Manual
♦
Redundant Data Paths: In the configuration shown in Figure 4-1, the data paths are
redundant. If either of these data paths fails, I/O traffic will be transmitted along the
alternative path. If one of the host computers fails, the second host computer that is
connected to the subsystem can resume the operation of the subsystem.
NOTE:
To create dual-redundant data paths on the host side, it is necessary for third-party
failover software to be installed on the host computer.
4.1.7
Sample Topology – Direct-Attached
In the configuration shown in Figure 4-2, one (1) subsystem is connected to a single host
computer. Data path redundancy makes sense when the following configurations are
available:
1.
HA access software control is available.
2.
Storage volume(s) are presented on either of the host ports. The host management
software should direct all data flow through a surviving path in the event of single
path failure.
Figure 4-2: Sample Topology Includes Single Host and One Subsystem
4-4
♦
Connections: The input ports on the subsystem, FC-CH0 and FC-CH1, are
connected to two separate HBAs on a server.
♦
Redundant Data Paths: In the configuration shown above, the data paths are
redundant. If either of these data paths fails, I/O traffic will be transmitted along the
alternate path.
FC Host Connection Prerequisites
Chapter 4: Subsystem Connection and Operation
4.1.8
Sample Topology – Data Sharing
In the configuration shown in Figure 4-3, many servers share one (1) subsystem over the
Fibre Channel network. Data path redundancy makes sense when the following
configurations are available:
1.
HA access software control is available or that each storage volume is
exclusively accessed through one ID/LUN on a host port.
2.
Multiple storage volumes can each be optimized for a different kind of I/O
demands. Logical drive stripe size and write policy can separately be configured
3.
Multiple Storage volumes are presented on either of the host ports. The host
management software should direct the data flow through a surviving path in the
event of single path failure.
Figure 4-3: Sample Topology for Data Sharing
♦
Connections: The input ports on the subsystem, FC-CH0 and FC-CH1, are
connected to a FC switch and then to HBAs on host computers.
FC Host Connection Prerequisites
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Galaxy GHDX-2422S-8+12F4D Installation and Hardware Reference Manual
4.2 Power On
Once all the components have been installed in the Galaxy subsystem, the host channels
have been connected to the host, power on the FC networking devices (e.g., FC switches),
the subsystem, and then power on the host computer(s).
4.2.1
Check List
BEFORE powering on the Galaxy subsystem, please check the following:
…
…
BBU Modules – If used, that the BBU modules have been installed correctly.
…
Hard Drives – Hard drives have been correctly installed on the drive trays.
…
…
…
…
4.2.2
Memory Modules – Memory modules have been correctly installed on the
controller boards.
Drive Trays – ALL the drive trays, whether or not they have a hard drive, have
been installed into the subsystem.
Cable Connections – The host ports on the subsystem have been correctly
connected to a host computer.
Power Cables – The power cables have been connected to the PSU modules on
the subsystem and plugged into main power.
Ambient Temperature – All the subsystem components have been acclimated to
the surrounding temperature.
Power On Procedure
When powering on the Galaxy subsystem, please follow these steps.
1.
Power on the Fibre Channel networking devices.
These devices include the FC switches, and any other such device that have been
connected to the subsystem. Please refer to the documentation that came with your
FC devices to see the power on procedure.
2.
Power on the subsystem.
The subsystem should only be powered on after all the Fibre Channel connection
devices have been powered on first. The subsystem power on procedure is described
below.
4-6
Power On
Chapter 4: Subsystem Connection and Operation
3.
Power on the host computers.
The host computers should be the last devices that are turned on. Please refer to the
documentation that came with your host computers to see their own power on
procedures.
4.2.3
Power On Enclosure
To power on the subsystem, turn on the two power switches located on the rear of the
subsystem. (See Figure 4-4) Each switch controls a single PSU, therefore make sure that
both switches are turned on.
Figure 4-4: Galaxy Subsystem Power Switches
CAUTION!
Although the PSUs are redundant and a single PSU can provide sufficient power to
the subsystem, it is advisable to turn both of the power switches on. If only one PSU is
operating and fails, system operation will be terminated.
4.2.4
Power On Status Check
Once the subsystem has been powered on, the status of the entire subsystem should be
checked to ensure that everything is running smoothly and that there are no complications
or malfunctions.
…
…
…
Power On
Controller Module LEDs – The controller ready, FC Host Ports Active, and
SATA Device Ports Active LEDs should all flash green.
Drive Tray LEDs – The green LED for all the drive trays (that contain hard
drives) should light up, showing that there is power.
LCD Panel LEDs – The blue LED on the LCD panel should come on,
indicating that power is being supplied to the system.
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Galaxy GHDX-2422S-8+12F4D Installation and Hardware Reference Manual
…
…
Firmware and RAIDWatch – The overall status of the system may be checked
using the pre-installed firmware or the RAIDWatch GUI.
Audible Alarm - If any errors occur during the initialization process, the
onboard alarm will sound in a hastily repeated manner.
Drive tray LEDs should normally start flashing, indicating the RAID control units are
attempting to access the hard drives.
NOTE:
The subsystem has been designed to run continuously. Even if a component failure
occurs the fault can be corrected online.
4.2.5
LCD Screen
When powering on the subsystem, the following messages should appear on the front
panel LCD screen. Wait for the front panel LCD to show “READY” or “No Host LUN”
before the host boots up. Refer to Figure 4-5 on how to read the screens.
Model Name
GALAXYHD
Ready
Status/Data Transfer Indicator
Figure 4-5: The LCD Initial Screen
The LCD screen startup sequence is shown and described in the sequence below.
4-8
Initializing….
Please Wait...
This screen appears when the PSUs are turned on.
Power on Self
Test. Please Wait...
System is performing a self test.
Power On
Chapter 4: Subsystem Connection and Operation
Power on
Init Completed
System power-on self test is completed.
GALAXYHD
System is accessing different interfaces.
GALAXYHD
256MB RAM, Wait…
Verifying installed cache memory.
GALAXYHD
No Host LUN
System is ready. You can now start to configure
the subsystem.
GALAXYHD
Ready
System is ready for I/Os.
4.3 Power Off Procedure
To power down the Galaxy subsystem, please follow these steps:
NOTE:
When powering down the Galaxy subsystem, please ensure that no time-consuming
processes, like a “Logical Drive Parity Regeneration” or a “Media Scan,” are taking
place.
1.
Stop I/O access to the system.
Stop all I/O accesses to the Galaxy subsystem and host applications. Please refer to
the related documentation for your applications.
2.
Flush the cache.
Power Off Procedure
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Galaxy GHDX-2422S-8+12F4D Installation and Hardware Reference Manual
Use the Shutdown Controller function to flush all cached data. This prepares the
RAID subsystem to be powered down.
3.
Turn off the power.
Turn off the power switches at the top of the rear panel of the Galaxy RAID
subsystem. Once the RAID subsystem has been powered down, other devices
connected to the subsystem may be powered down.
4-10
Power Off Procedure
Chapter 5: Subsystem Maintenance and Upgrading
Chapter 5
Subsystem Maintenance and
Upgrading
5.1. Overview
5.1.1
Maintenance
Constant monitoring and maintenance of your SATA-based subsystem will minimize
subsystem downtime and preserve the working integrity of the system for a longer period
of time. If any of the subsystem components fail, they must be replaced as soon as
possible.
WARNING!
Do not remove a failed component from the subsystem until you have a replacement
on hand. If you remove a failed component without replacing it, the internal airflow
will be disrupted and the system will overheat causing damage to the subsystem.
All of the following components can be replaced in case of failure:
1.
Controller modules – Section 5.2
2.
Memory Module – Section 5.3
3.
BBU Modules - Section 5.4
4.
PSU modules – Section 5.5
5.
Cooling modules – Section 5.6
6.
Hard drives – Section5.7
5.1.2 General Notes on Component Replacement
♦
Overview
With the exception of the RAID controller module, all of the components on the
subsystem, including the PSU modules, cooling modules, BBU, and drive trays, are
hot-swappable and can be changed while the subsystem is still in operation
5-1
Galaxy GHDX-2422S-8+12F4D Installation and Hardware Reference Manual
♦
Qualified engineers who are familiar with the subsystem should be the only ones
who make component replacements. If you are not familiar with the subsystem
and/or with RAID subsystem maintenance in general, it is strongly advised that you
refer subsystem maintenance to a suitably qualified maintenance engineer.
♦
Normalized airflow is directly dependent upon the presence of all subsystem
components. Even if a subsystem component fails, it should not be removed from the
subsystem until a replacement is readily at hand and can be quickly installed.
Removing a subsystem component without replacing it can lead to permanent
subsystem damage.
♦
When replacing any hot-swappable component, caution should be taken to ensure
that the components are handled in an appropriate manner. The rough or improper
handling of components can lead to irreparable damage.
♦
When removing a controller module from the subsystem, ensure that the power has
been turned off and that all precautionary measures, without exception, are adhered
to. The controller board is very sensitive and can be easily damaged.
WARNING!
When inserting a removable module, take heed that DONOT USE EXCESSIVE
FORCE! Forcing or slamming a module can damage the pins on the module
connectors either on the module itself or on the backplane. Gently push the module
until it reaches the end of module slot. Feel the contact resistance and use slightly
more force to ensure the module connectors are correctly mated. If the module comes
with extraction levers or retention screws, use them to secure the module.
5-2
Overview
Chapter 5: Subsystem Maintenance and Upgrading
5.2. Replacing Controller Module Components
5.2.1 Overview
The controller module should never be removed unless the following replaceable
components need to be accessed:
ƒ
DIMM Module:
The DIMM module must be replaced when the DIMM
module fails or if a larger capacity DIMM module is
required.
ƒ
Controller Module itself:
If the controller module in a single-controller
configuration fails, it is necessary to power the system
down and replace the controller.
If a DIMM module or RAID controller fails, contact you vendor immediately for a
replacement. To replace any of these components, the controller module must first be
removed from the subsystem.
5.2.2 Notes on Controller Module Maintenance
♦
The controller module contains a DIMM module. It is not recommended to re-use
the DIMM module extracted from a failed controller unless you have a similar RAID
subsystem that can be used to test the module.
♦
We provide a three-year warranty for subsystem components. You can contact your
vendor for sending the failed controller in for repair.
♦
When replacing the controller module, you must remember that the controller board
is one of the most sensitive components in the subsystem. All previously stipulated
safety precautions (see Chapter 2) must be strictly adhered to. Failure to adhere to
these precautions can result in permanent damage to the controller board, resulting in
timely delays.
♦
For your own safety and that of the subsystem, make sure that no power is being
supplied to the system prior to replacing the controller module.
Replacing Controller Module Components
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Galaxy GHDX-2422S-8+12F4D Installation and Hardware Reference Manual
5.2.3 Removing the Controller Module
To remove the controller module:
Step 1.
Stop host I/Os or host applications to avoid losing data or causing data
inconsistency.
Step 2.
Turn off the subsystem. If possible power off the subsystem in the
way described in Chapter 4. If it is not possible to do this turn off
both PSU modules and disconnect the power cords.
Step 3.
Disconnect all cables that are connected to the controller module you
wish to replace. These include the cables connecting to the host, an
Ethernet cables connected to the LAN port, and any cables connected
to the RS-232C audio jack.
Step 4.
Loosen the hand screws. Hand screws are located on both sides of the
RAID controller faceplate. Press these screws and loosen them so that
the controller can be removed from chassis.
Figure 5-1: Loosening Hand Screws
Step 5.
5-4
Pull the controller module out: Once the retention screws have been
removed; gently pull the controller module out of the subsystem
chassis.
Replacing Controller Module Components
Chapter 5: Subsystem Maintenance and Upgrading
5.2.4 Replacing the Controller Module
If the controller module has failed, it must be replaced. To replace a failed controller
module:
Step 1.
Remove the failed controller module. (See Section 5.2.3)
Step 2.
Install a DIMM module on the new controller module. (See Section
5.3)
Step 3.
Insert the replacement controller. Align the controller module with
the module bay at the rear of the subsystem. Gently slide the
controller module in.
Step 4.
Fastening the hand screws. Once fully inserted secure the controller
module to the subsystem by fastening the two hand screws on both
sides of the module.
Step 5.
Re-attach all the cables that were removed. These include the cables
that connect to the hosts, the Ethernet cable that was previously
attached to the LAN port, and the cable that was attached to the RS232C audio jack connector.
Step 6.
Power on: Once the new controller module has been properly
installed and the cables have been correctly connected, turn the
subsystem power on.
5.3. Replacing or Upgrading Memory Modules
5.3.1 Memory Module Installation Overview
The subsystem comes with a pre-installed 256MB (or above) DDR RAM DIMM module
on the controller. The controller supports a memory module up to 2GB in size. If DDR
RAM DIMM modules with a different size need to be used or the original memory
module is damaged in some way, the pre-installed modules must be removed and the new
ones installed. Replacement and installation instructions are described fully below.
The DIMM module is located on the controller board. The controller board is a sensitive
component and must be treated with care to avoid being damaged.
Replacing or Upgrading Memory Modules
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Galaxy GHDX-2422S-8+12F4D Installation and Hardware Reference Manual
WARNING!
The controller board in the controller module contains sensitive components. Please
ensure that all anti-static precautions stipulated above are strictly adhered to. Only
qualified engineers should replace the DIMM module.
5.3.2 Selecting a Memory Modules
If the memory module mounted on the controller is going to be replaced, the following
factors must be considered when purchasing replacement DIMM modules:
5.3.3
♦
Pre-installed DIMM module: The subsystem comes with a 256MB DDR RAM
DIMM module pre-installed on the controller board. If you wish to change the size
of the DIMM, then a new, separately purchased DIMM must be installed.
♦
DDR RAM DIMM modules supported: The subsystem supports DDR RAM DIMM
modules with memory capacities from 256MB to 2GB.
♦
Installation considerations: When installing the DIMM module, it is necessary to
handle the controller module. The controller board is more susceptible to damage
than the other components and must therefore be handled with extreme care. ALL
anti-static precautions specified in Section 2.3 must be strictly adhered to.
♦
Secure installation: When replacing the DIMM module, make sure that the new
DIMM module is firmly in place prior to installing the controller module. If the
DIMM module is not firmly in place, the subsystem will not run and the controller
will need to be removed and the DIMM module correctly installed.
♦
Purchasing considerations: When purchasing a DDR RAM DIMM to install on the
controller board, contact your vendor for an updated list of certified modules.
DIMM Module Installation
WARNING!
The pre-installed modules must be removed prior to installing new memory
modules. Do this with care. Sensitive components can be damaged during the
process.
Step 1.
5-6
Remove the controller module. See Section 5.2.3.
Replacing or Upgrading Memory Modules
Chapter 5: Subsystem Maintenance and Upgrading
Step 2.
Remove the previously installed DIMM module from the DIMM
socket. To do this, push the white clips on either side of the DIMM
module down. By doing this, the previously installed modules will be
ejected from the DIMM socket. (See Figure 5-2)
Figure 5-2: Push Back the White Clips on the Sides of the DIMM Module
Step 3.
Gently retrieve the DIMM module out of the DIMM socket. (See
Figure 5-2)
Step 4.
Insert the DIMM module into the DIMM socket. Align the DIMM
module with the DIMM socket. Once aligned, gently push the DIMM
module into the socket. The white clips on the sides of the socket will
close automatically and secure the DIMM module into the socket.
Step 5.
Reinstall the controller module. After the DIMM module has been
properly installed, the controller module must be reinstalled. Align the
controller module with the controller module bay. Then gently push
the controller module in the controller bay. Carefully push the
controller until you feel the contact when the board edge connectors
are mated to the backplane. Do not use force. If unusual contact
resistance is felt, try it again. Next secure the controller module into
the subsystem by fastening the hand screws on the sides.
NOTE:
When replacing a DIMM, the whole subsystem needs to be powered down.
Therefore, when replacing a DIMM, you should carefully select the time when the
replacement will be made in order to minimize the overall disruption to service.
Replacing or Upgrading Memory Modules
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Galaxy GHDX-2422S-8+12F4D Installation and Hardware Reference Manual
5.4. Replacing a Faulty BBU
IMPORTANT!
The BBU is hot-swappable, can be replaced while the subsystem is running.
However, a new module will only be recognized after a subsystem reset.
Carefully select the time when the reset will be made in order to minimize the
overall disruption to service.
To replace a faulty BBU, please follow these steps:
Step 1.
Remove the faulty BBU module from the chassis. The BBU module
is secured to the chassis with two (2) spring screws. These screws
must be loosen. To loosen, turn the screws counterclockwise. (See
Figure 5-3)
Figure 5-3: Remove the BBU Module
Step 2.
5-8
Install the new BBU module. After the faulty BBU module has been
removed, the new BBU module can be installed. To do this, align the
BBU module with the empty slot, and then gently push the BBU
module into the slot. (See Figure 5-4)
Replacing a Faulty BBU
Chapter 5: Subsystem Maintenance and Upgrading
Figure 5-4: Install the BBU Module
Step 3.
Secure the BBU module to the enclosure. Tighten the two (2) spring
screws as shown above on the back of the BBU module.
Step 4.
Once the new BBU module is correctly installed into the subsystem,
the LED should start flashing, indicates the BBU is being charged.
When the BBU is fully charged, the LED will go off.
5.5. Replacing a Failed PSU Module
5.5.1 Notes on PSU Module Maintenance
♦
Two redundant PSU modules: The subsystem comes with two fully redundant, hotswappable PSU modules. These modules are accessed from the rear of the
subsystem.
♦
Immediate replacement: When a PSU fails, it should ideally be replaced
immediately. Do not remove the PSU module unless a replacement is readily
available. Removing a PSU without a replacement will cause severe disruptions to
the internal airflow and the subsystem will overheat, possibly causing irreparable
damage to some of the subsystem components.
WARNING!
Although the subsystem can operate using single PSU module, it is not advisable
to run the Rorke Data subsystem with a single PSU module for an extended period
of time.
Replacing a Failed PSU Module
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Galaxy GHDX-2422S-8+12F4D Installation and Hardware Reference Manual
5.5.2 Replacing the PSU Module
WARNING!
Before you insert a new PSU, be sure that it has the same warning label on its
retention lever as that shown on the lever of a remaining PSU. Double-check to
avoid mixing a PSU of a different Galaxy series.
To replace a PSU, please follow these steps:
Step 1.
Turn off the PSU. The power switch is located at the top of the rear
panel, directly above the PSU module. (See Figure 5-5)
Figure 5-5: PSU and Cooling Module Components
5-10
Step 2.
Once the power switches have been turned off, remove the power
cable that connects the Galaxy subsystem to the main power. The
power cable socket is found on the left-hand side of the module.
Step 3.
Remove the retention screw: After the power cable has been removed
from the power connector, remove the retention screw at the upper
right side of the PSU rear-end panel. The screw is located below the
extraction lever, beside the LED indicator, and can be hidden from
sight. (See Figure 5-6.)
Replacing a Failed PSU Module
Chapter 5: Subsystem Maintenance and Upgrading
Figure 5-6: Removing the PSU Retention Screw
Step 4.
Remove the PSU module. Push the lever at the back of the PSU
module downwards. This will dislodge the PSU module from the
subsystem. Once dislodged gently pull the PSU module out of the
subsystem. (See Figure 5-7)
Figure 5-7: Removing the PSU Module
Step 5.
Pull the extraction handle downward: Pull the extraction lever at the
back of the PSU module downwards. This will dislodge the PSU
module from the subsystem. Once dislodged, gently pull the PSU
module out of the subsystem.
Replacing a Failed PSU Module
5-11
Galaxy GHDX-2422S-8+12F4D Installation and Hardware Reference Manual
Figure 5-8: Remove the Cooling Module
WARNING!
•
•
•
When a PSU is pulled out of the chassis, the fan module beneath the PSU is
removed from the chassis at the same time.
Do not remove the PSU module unless a replacement is readily available.
Removing a PSU without a replacement will cause severe disruptions to the
internal airflow and the subsystem will overheat, possibly causing irreparable
damage to some of the subsystem components.
It is recommended that the replacement procedure is completed in less than five (5)
minutes to prevent the subsystem from overheating.
Step 6.
5-12
Remove the cooling module: To do this, push the clips on either side
of the module rear panel together. Then gently pull the cooling
module out of the lower level of the PSU bracket.
Replacing a Failed PSU Module
Chapter 5: Subsystem Maintenance and Upgrading
Figure 5-9: Remove the Cooling Module
Step 7.
Reinstall the cooling module into the new PSU module: To do this,
align the cooling module with the lower level of the PSU bracket and
gently slide the cooling module in.
Step 8.
Insert the new PSU module into the subsystem: Once the previously
removed cooling module has been installed, insert the new PSU
module into the subsystem. Make sure the extraction lever is in its
downright position so that the saddle notches on the lower edges of
the handle can lock on to the edge metal brackets along the chassis
inner walls. Push the PSU into the slot and pull the handle upwards to
secure the module.
Step 9.
Reinsert the retention screw: If the PSU module is properly installed,
the back end of the module should be aligned with the enclosure’s rear
panel. To firmly secure the PSUs into place, reinsert the retention
screw.
Step 10. Reconnect the power cord and turn the power on: Plug the power
cord into the socket on the PSU module and turn the PSU module
power switch on.
Replacing a Failed PSU Module
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Galaxy GHDX-2422S-8+12F4D Installation and Hardware Reference Manual
5.6. Replacing a Failed Cooling Module
5.6.1 Notes on Cooling Module Maintenance
♦
Two redundant cooling modules: The subsystem is equipped with two (2, GHDX2422S-8F4D) or three (3, GHDX-2422S-12F4D)redundant, hot-swappable, singlefan cooling modules located in the lower PSU module slot. These cooling modules
control the internal operational temperature of the subsystem and therefore their
working integrity should be maintained at all times.
♦
Detecting a failed cooling module: If a cooling module fails, you can be notified of
the failure by the LED located at the back of the module, an audible alarm, the
firmware screen, the RAIDWatch Panel View, or through the various methods by the
Configuration Client utility.
♦
Replacing a cooling module: When you are notified that a cooling module has
failed, it should be replaced as soon as possible. A failed cooling module should only
be removed from the subsystem when you have a replacement module that can be
installed as soon as the failed cooling module has been removed.
WARNING!
•
The latches at the back of the cooling module secure the cooling module into the
enclosure. If these latches are broken, the warranty on the cooling module will
be void.
•
Although the cooling modules are fully redundant, it is not advisable to run the
Galaxy subsystems with any of the cooling modules missing. Whenever a cooling
module fails, the system is at risk of sustaining irreparable damage
•
Keep a failed module in its enclosure bay until a replacement unit is in hand.
5.6.2 Replacing a Cooling Module
The cooling modules are secured to the chassis with two black latches located on the rear
of the module. To replace the cooling module, please follow these steps:
Step 1.
5-14
Remove the cooling module. Squeeze both side latches towards the
center of the cooling module and gently withdraw the cooling module
from the subsystem by gently pulling on the silver handle at the
bottom. (See Figure 5-10)
Replacing a Failed Cooling Module
Chapter 5: Subsystem Maintenance and Upgrading
Figure 5-10: Removing the Cooling Module
WARNING!
Forcing or slamming a module into place can damage the connector pins on the
module itself or that on the subsystem backplane.
Step 2.
Install the new cooling module. To do this, align the replacement
cooling module with the bay from which the faulty one was removed.
Then gently slide the new cooling module into the enclosure
subsystem. The latches will hold the module in place.
5.7. Drive Tray Maintenance
5.7.1 Notes on Hard Drive Maintenance
♦
Hot-swappable drive trays: The drive trays are all hot-swappable. If a hard drive
fails, it can be replaced while the subsystem is still running.
♦
Forearm handles: If the hard drive is behind either the left or right forearm handle,
make sure that the locking mechanism on the side of the handle is first released prior
to opening the handle itself. (See Figure 5- 11) The locking mechanism must also be
released in order to close the handle. Therefore, after the new drive has been
installed, it will be necessary to release the locking mechanism on the handle prior to
closing it. For more information, please refer to Section 1.5 in Chapter 1.
Drive Tray Maintenance
5-15
Galaxy GHDX-2422S-8+12F4D Installation and Hardware Reference Manual
Figure 5- 11: Forearm Handle Locking Mechanism
♦
Front flap mechanism: Do not leave a drive tray’s front flap open. The front flap
and its key-lock secure a drive tray to chassis slot. A disk drive operating with the
half-open front bezel may result in signal glitches and Data Compare Errors might
ensue.
♦
Remove drives slowly: When removing a drive tray, withdraw it from the enclosure
slowly. If the drive tray is removed too quickly a drive I/O timeout will occur.
♦
Replacement on-hand: Before removing a failed hard drive from the subsystem,
make sure you have a replacement hard drive readily available. Do not leave the
drive tray slot open for an extended period of time. If the drive tray slot is left
unoccupied for an extended period of time, the normalized airflow will be disrupted
and subsystem components will overheat and may become permanently damaged.
5.7.2 Replacing a Failed Hard Drive
To replace a hard drive, please follow these steps:
WARNING!
The hard drive is fragile; please always handle with extreme care. Do not drop the
hard drive; always be slow, gentle and careful when handling a hard drive. Only
handle the hard drive by the edges, avoid touching any components or connector pins.
Step 1.
5-16
Identify the drive tray that contains the hard drive that needs to be
replaced.
Drive Tray Maintenance
Chapter 5: Subsystem Maintenance and Upgrading
WARNING!
Replacing the wrong drive in an array can fatally fail a RAID configuration. You
should identify a failed drive from the RAIDWatch GUI screen, by checking the drive
slot ID in the terminal screen, by checking the LEDs on the drive tray panel, and/or
use the identify/flash drive function in firmware. Please refer to Section 1.5 in your
Generic Operation Manual for details on this function.
Step 2.
Open the front flap. To open the front flap, push the release button at
the front of the tray bezel. (See Figure 5-12) The front bezel will
automatically be lifted and the drive tray will be dislodged from the
chassis.
Figure 5-12: Front View of an Individual Drive Tray
Step 3.
Drive Tray Maintenance
Remove the drive tray. To remove the drive tray from the enclosure,
the key-lock must be unlocked. (See Figure 5-13) To do this, turn the
key-lock on the front of the drive tray until the groove on its face is in
a horizontal orientation.
5-17
Galaxy GHDX-2422S-8+12F4D Installation and Hardware Reference Manual
Figure 5-13: Drive Tray Key-Lock Rotation
Step 4.
Remove the drive tray along with the hard drive. Once the drive tray
is dislodged from the chassis, gently and carefully withdraw the drive
tray with hard drive from the chassis.
Step 5.
Remove the hard drive from the drive tray. The hard drive is secured
to the drive tray with four (4) retention screws (two on each side.) To
remove the hard drive, these retention screws must be removed. (See
Figure 5-14)
Figure 5-14: Removing the SATA Hard Drive
Step 6.
5-18
Install the new hard drive: Please refer to the complete hard drive
installation procedures in Section 2.9.
Drive Tray Maintenance
Chapter 5: Subsystem Maintenance and Upgrading
Figure 5-15: Removing the PATA Hard Drive
Step 6.
Drive Tray Maintenance
If the failed drive is a member of a RAID 1, 3, or 5 array, once it is
replaced the subsystem should immediately start to rebuild the array.
The drive activity LEDs should start to flash. For more details about
rebuilding a logical drive, you may refer to the Galaxy’s
Troubleshooting Standard Operation Procedures.
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Galaxy GHDX-2422S-8+12F4D Installation and Hardware Reference Manual
This page is intentionally
left blank.
5-20
Drive Tray Maintenance
Appendix A Specifications
Appendix A
Specifications
A.1 Technical Specifications
Environmental Specifications
Humidity
5 ~ 95% (non condensing – operating and non-operating)
Temperature
Operating: 0º to 40ºC
Non-operating: -40º to 60ºC
Altitude
Sea level to 12,000 ft – Operating
Sea level to 20,000 ft – Non-operating
Power Requirements
Input Voltage
100~240VAC (auto-switching)
Frequency
47-63Hz
Power Consumption
350W
Dimensions
w/o front handles
w/ front handles
Height
88mm
88mm
Width
446mm
482mm
Length
490mm
505mm
Package dimensions
344H x 600W x 670D mm
System Weight
Net weight: 23.5kg
Gross weight: 25.0kg (without disk drives)
Technical Specifications
A-1
Galaxy GHDX-2422S-8+12F4D Installation and Hardware Reference Manual
Certifications
•
FCC Class-A
•
CE
•
UL60950
•
CB
•
BSMI
Shock
Half-sine
Operating: 5G peak, 11ms duration
Non-operating: 15G, 11ms, half-sine
Vibration
Operating
0.5oct/min
Non-operating
0.5oct/min
Warning Alarms
•
•
•
ƒ
A-2
LCD screen messages
Audible alarms
System LEDs
Event notification via the RAIDWatch Manager (LAN broadcast, email, fax, MSN, SMS,
and SNMP traps) and RS-232C terminal display
Technical Specifications
Appendix A Specifications
A.2 Controller Specifications
Configuration
Specification
RAID Levels
0, 1(0 + 1), 3, 5, 10, 30, 50, JBOD, and non-RAID disk spanning
Host O/S Compatibility
Host O/S independent
Host Interface
FC-4G SFP sockets
Host Channels
2 FC-4G channels
Supports 12 or 8 channel connections to 3Gbps SATA-II disk
drives, SATA-I backward compatible
All drive channels are pre-configured, routed through a back-end
PCB and cannot be changed
Write-through and Write-back
Pre-installed 256MB (or above) DDR RAM DIMM with/without
ECC, registered
Up to 32 per host ID
Drive Interface
Drive Channels
Cache Mode
Cache Memory
Number of LUNs
Multiple Target
IDs/Host Channel
Aliases for Target IDs
Firmware on Flash
Memory
Yes
Yes
Yes
Architecture
Specification
CPU
IBM PowerPC 750FL-600
Fibre Controllers
HPFC-5750 (RoHS)
DIMM Slot
One 184-pin DIMM module
PC-133 Support
Yes
ASIC
64-bit chipset (GAL-500266)
Flash ROM
64Mbit (8MB)
NVRAM
32KB with RTC
Hardware XOR
Yes
Real-time Clock
For event messages with time record
Controller Specifications
A-3
Galaxy GHDX-2422S-8+12F4D Installation and Hardware Reference Manual
A.3 Drive Tray Specifications
Specification
Height
28mm
Width
110mm
Depth
218.92mm
Key Lock
Yes
A.4 Power Supply Specifications
Specification
Nominal Power
DC Output
Input Frequency
A-4
350W
12.0V: 25A
5.0V: 25A
3.3V: 20A
47 ~ 63Hz
AC Input
Power Factor
Correction
Hold-up Time
100VAC @ 6A – 240VAC @ 3A with PFC
Over-temperature
Protection
Auto shutdown when cooling is lost or elevated temperature is
detected; over-voltage protection is also available.
Cooling Fans
Two fans for each unit (inside PSU)
Yes
At least 16ms at 100/240VAC full load after a loss of AC input
Drive Tray Specifications
Appendix A Specifications
A.5 Cooling Module Specifications
Specification
Speed
Max. Air Flow (each
module)
High or low rotation speed controlled by firmware
Input Power
9/3.12W max.
Rated Voltage
DC 12V
Temperature
Operating: -10 to +60ºC
Storage: -20 to +70ºC
High speed: 31.8 CFM
Low speed: 20.1 CFM
A.6 RAID Management
Specification
•
•
Configuration
•
LCD keypad panel
Text-based firmware-embedded utility over RS-232C
connection through the included audio jack-to-DB-9 serial
cable
The RAIDWatch Manager program using Ethernet
connection
Performance Monitoring
Remote Control and
Monitoring
Event Notification
Yes
Hardware Connection
In-band over Fibre, Ethernet, or RS-232C
Configuration data stored on disk drives for logical drive
assemblies to exist after controller replacement; basic settings, e.g.,
channel mode settings, are stored on NVRAM
Via audible alarm, LCD keypad panel, RAIDWatch Manager
session, event notifications, or event prompts on terminal emulation
Configuration on Disk
Failure Indicator
Cooling Module Specifications
Yes
Yes (via RAIDWatch’s sub-modules, Configuration Client or NPC)
A-5
Galaxy GHDX-2422S-8+12F4D Installation and Hardware Reference Manual
A.7 Fault Tolerance Management
Specification
SATA Drive SMART Support
Battery Back-up Option
ISEMS (Simple Enclosure
Management Service) via I2C
Interface
Automatic Drive Failure
Detection
Automatic Rebuild on Spare
Drives
Regenerate Logical Drive Parity
Bad Block Reassignment
Automatic Rebuild upon Failed
Drive Replacement
Manual Clone of Suspected
Failed Drive
Concurrent Rebuild on Multiple
Drives in a RAID (0 + 1) Logical
Drive
Salvage the 2nd Temporary Failed
Drive in a RAID 1, 3 or 5 Logical
Drive
Salvage the 1st Temporary Failed
Drive in a RAID 0 Logical Drive
A-6
Yes (with user-configurable detect only, clone and replace,
and perpetual clone functions)
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Yes
Fault Tolerance Management
Appendix B: Spare Parts and Accessories
Appendix B
Spare Parts and Accessories
B.1 Spare Parts
Spare Parts Overview
Except the RAID controller module, all the active components in the subsystems can be
replaced while the system is running. If any of these components fails then it can, if
configured in a fully redundant mode, be hot-swapped. Spare parts for the subsystems can
be ordered separately. This section lists the model names for the different spare parts.
Spare parts that come with the subsystem are listed in Table B-1.
Model Name
Description
GALHDX-9273CDTray
Drive tray, type-III bezel and type-II LED lightpipe.
GALHDX-9272CPSU
Power supply module, 350W capacity.
GALHDX9272CFanMod
Dual-speed
subsystems
GALHDX-9273CBTC
Battery cell pack, Li-ION battery cells
GALHDX-9272CHandR
Right-side forearm handle for 2U subsystems
GALHDX9272CHandLLCD
Left-side forearm handle for 2U subsystems, an LCD
keypad panel mounted on it
version
of
cooling
fan
module:2U
Table B-1: Spare Parts Shipped with the Subsystem
Spare Parts
B-1
Galaxy GHDX-2422S-8+12F4D Installation and Hardware Reference Manual
Controller Modules
Model Name
Description
GHDX/8-2422-FC4
Fibre-to-SATA RAID controller module, 2 x FC4G host channels, 8 x SATA II drive channels.
GHDX/12-2422-FC4
Fibre-to-SATA RAID controller module, 2 x FC4G host channels, 12 x SATA II drive channels.
Table B-1: Controller Module List
B.2 Accessories and Optional Items
Accessories Overview
A number of accessory items are available for the Galaxy subsystem. Some of these
accessory items come with the subsystem; but if damaged or if more accessory items are
needed, they can be ordered separately. Available accessory items are listed below:
Accessories that came with the subsystem are listed in Table B-2.
Model Name
Description
GALHDX-9011
Null modem, DB-9 female to DB-9 male, wires
swapped
* One included in the shipping package
GALHDX-9270ASCab
RS-232C serial cable, audio-jack to DB9
* One included in the shipping package
Table B-2: Accessories Shipped with the Subsystem
Various Fibre Channel Switches, HBAs, and I/O cables are available to help
complete your Fibre channel storage system. Contact inside sales at Rorke Data for
your specific needs.
B-2
Accessories and Optional Items
Appendix B: Spare Parts and Accessories
Accessories and Optional Items
B-3
Galaxy GHDX-2422S-8+12F4D Installation and Hardware Reference Manual
This page is intentionally
left blank.
B-4
Accessories and Optional Items
Appendix C Pinouts
Appendix C
Pinouts
C.1.
SFP Connector Pinouts
Each of the SFP host or expansion ports is comprised of a case bottom, an EMI case, and
a 20-pin host connector. These port sockets receive Small-Form-Factor (SFP) fiber optic
transceivers. You may contact our technical support for an updated list of SFP
transceiver modules that have been tested to comply with the sockets. The pinouts are
shown in Figure C-1 and their definitions are shown in Table C-1.
Figure C-1: SFP Connector Pinouts
SFP Connector Pinouts
C-1
Galaxy GHDX-2422S-8+12F4D Installation and Hardware Reference Manual
Pin
Pin Name
Pin Description
1
VEET
Transmitter ground (common with receiver ground)
2
TFAULT
Transmitter fault; not supported
3
TDIS
Transmitter disable; laser output disabled on high or open
4
MOD_DEF(2)
Module definition 2; data line for serial ID
5
MOD_DEF(1)
Module definition 1; clock line for serial ID
6
MOD_DEF(0)
Module definition 0; grounded within the module
7
Rate Select
No connection required
8
LOS
Indicates loss of signal; logic 0 indicates normal operation
9
VEER
Receiver ground (common with transmitter ground)
10
VEER
Receiver ground (common with transmitter ground)
11
VEER
Receiver ground (common with transmitter ground)
12
RD-
Receiver inverted DATA out; AC coupled
13
RD+
Receiver non-inverted DATA out; AC coupled
14
VEER
Receiver ground (common with transmitter ground)
15
VCCR
Receiver power supply
16
VCCT
Transmitter power supply
17
VEET
Transmitter ground (common with receiver ground)
18
TD+
Transmitter non-Inverted DATA in 100 ohm termination
between TD+ and TD-; AC coupled thereafter
19
TD-
Transmitter inverted DATA in. See TD+
20
VEET
Transmitter ground (common with receiver ground)
Table C-1: SFP Pinout Definitions
C-2
SFP Connector Pinouts
Appendix C Pinouts
C.2.
COM1 Cable: DB9 and Audio Jack Pinouts
Figure C-2: Serial Port Cable CN1 and CN2 Connectors
COM 1 Cable: Connects a PC running a terminal emulation program
CN1 Pin Number
1
2
3
CN2 Pin Number
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
Pin Name
Ground
TXD
RXD
Pin Name
NC
RXD
TXD
DTR
GND
DSR
RTS
CTS
NC
♦ Pin 4 and Pin 6 are shorted
♦ Pin 7 and Pin 8 are shorted
Table C-2: COM 1 Cable, RS-232C CN1 and CN2
Pinout Definitions
NOTE:
Null modem is used for wire-swap. A null modem is necessary for connecting COM1 CN2 to a
PC serial port.
COM1 Cable: DB9 and Audio Jack Pinouts
C-3
Galaxy GHDX-2422S-8+12F4D Installation and Hardware Reference Manual
C.3.
GAL-9011 Null Modem
Swap pin 2 and pin 3
Swap pin 4 and pin 6
Swap pin 7 and pin 8
Table C-3: Null Modem Pinouts
C.4.
Ethernet Port Pinouts
Figure C-3: Ethernet Port Pinouts
Pin
Pin Name
Pin
Pin Name
1
LAN_TXP
5
N2
2
LAN_TXN
6
LAN_RXN
3
LAN_RXP
7
N1
4
N2
8
N1
Table C-4: Ethernet Port Pinouts
C.5.
Main Power
IEC-type receptacle.
C-4
GAL-9011 Null Modem
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