Earlex | ASG55 | Operating instructions | Earlex ASG55 Operating instructions

Earlex ASG55 Operating instructions
MODEL ASG55
OPERATING INSTRUCTIONS
Thank you for purchasing an Earlex Electric Airless Spray Gun.
Please read all these instructions before operating
this product and retain them for future reference.
Earlex Ltd will accept no responsibility for the use of this product if used
for any other purposes than those detailed herein.
SAFETY OPERATING INSTRUCTIONS
WARNING: When using the Spray Gun, basic safety precautions, including the
following, should always be followed to reduce the risk of fire, electric shock and
personal injury.
Keep work area clean - Cluttered areas and benches
Always ensure there is adequate ventilation when
invite injuries.
spraying.
Consider work area environment - Do not expose the
Never spray near a source of ignition, e.g. hot
spray gun to rain. Do not use the spray gun in damp
or wet locations. Keep work area well lit.
surfaces, sparks, cigarettes, glowing wires & open
flames including appliance pilot flame.
Guard against electric shock - Avoid body contact with
The spray gun must not be used for spraying
earthed or grounded surfaces (e.g. pipes, radiators,
ranges, refrigerators).
flammable materials having a flash point below 21˚C.
Always beware of any hazards presented by the
Keep children away away from the spray gun.
material being sprayed and consult the markings on
the container or the information supplied by the
manufacturer of the material to be sprayed, including
requirements for the use of personal protective
equipment. Do not spray any material where the
hazard is not known.
When not in use, spray gun should be stored in a dry,
high or locked place, out of reach of children.
Use the spray gun for the job it was designed for only.
Mis-use of the spray gun will invalidate the guarantee.
The spray gun must not be cleaned with flammable
liquids having a flash point below 21˚C.
jewellery, they can be caught in moving parts. Rubber
gloves and non-skid footwear are recommended when Check for damaged parts - Before further use of the
spray gun, a guard or other part that is damaged should
working outdoors. Wear protective hair covering to
be carefully checked to determine that it will operate
contain long hair.
properly and perform its intended function. Check for
Always wear a mask when spraying.
alignment of moving parts, free running of moving
parts, breakage of parts, mounting and any other
conditions that may affect its operation. A guard or
We recommend the use of eye protection to keep
other part that is damaged should be properly
hazardous vapours out of eyes.
repaired or replaced by an authorized service centre
We recommend the use of ear protectors.
unless otherwise indicated in this instruction manual.
Have defective switches replaced by an authorized
Do not abuse the cord - Never carry the tool by the
service facility. Do not use the tool if the switch does
cord or pull it to disconnect it from the socket. Keep
not turn it on and off.
the cord away from heat, oil and sharp edges.
Warning - The use of any accessory or attatchment,
Do not overreach - Keep proper footing and balance
other than those recommended in this instruction
at all times.
manual, may present a risk of personal injury.
Dress properly - do not wear loose clothing or
Always disconnect from mains supply when not in
Maintain tools with care - Follow instructions for
use, when refilling the paint container and before
cleaning.
lubrication and changing the accessories, inspect tool
regularly and if damaged, get repaired by an
authorized service centre.
Avoid unintentional starting, do not carry a plugged in
Have your tool repaired by a qualified person – This
tool with a finger on the switch.
electric tool is in accordance with the relevant safety
requirements. Repairs should only be carried out by
qualified persons using original spare parts, otherwise
this may result in considerable danger to the user.
When tool is used outdoors, use extension cords only
intended for outdoor use.
It is recommended that a RCD (residual current
Do not spray any material where the hazard is
device) rated at 30mA is fitted into the mains supply
socket for added protection against electric shock.
not known.
Stay alert - Watch what you are doing. Use common
Use genuine Earlex parts only.
sense and do not operate tool when you are tired.
This appliance is not intended for use by persons
Never under any circumstances aim the nozzle at
(including children) with reduced physical, sensory or
mental capabilities, or lack of experience and
knowledge, unless they have been given supervision or
instruction concerning use of the appliance by a person
responsible for their safety.
another person or animal. In the event of injury
occuring seek expert medical advice immediately.
Always keep the spray nozzle in place during
use. Never allow the spray nozzle to come in direct
contact with the skin.
NOISE AND VIBRATION LEVELS
The following values were measured in accordance with EN50144-2-7
A-weighted sound power level: 99.9dB(A)
Vibration level: 8.824 m/s2
2
PARTS AND ACCESSORIES
1/2
7
4
3
5
6
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
1.0mm Nozzle
0.6mm Nozzle
Piston Spring 55W
Piston Assembly
Suction Tube and Filter Assembly
9
8
SG209
SG211
SG234
SG237
SG240
6.
7.
8.
9.
1.0 Litre Paint Container
Valve Assembly - Pack of 3
Viscosity Cup
Lubricating Oil
* Circled numbers need to be cleaned after every use.
3
SG242
SG310
SG243
SG244
ABOUT THE SPRAY GUN
TO OBTAIN THE BEST RESULTS FROM YOUR SPRAY GUN READ THESE INSTRUCTIONS
CAREFULLY BEFORE USE.
The Spray Gun can be used to spray many different materials including varnishes, wood preservatives,
enamel paints, oil based paints and water based paints.
The Spray Gun can be used for a variety of applications including, fences, sheds, boats, furniture,
radiators, models and louvre doors.
PLEASE NOTE
We have done all we can to ensure that used correctly and according to these instructions, the Earlex
Electric Airless Spray Gun will give long trouble free service. We accept no responsibility for damage
caused by the use of incorrect or unsuitable substances, paint or fluids which have not been thinned
correctly or are unsuitable for the surfaces to which they are applied, health hazards arising from lack
of ventilation when working in confined spaces, or failure of the equipment due to inadequate cleaning
of components after use.
If in doubt, always test a small inconspicuous area first. Always read the paint manufacturer’s
instructions first.
Neither our guarantee nor the above statement affect your statutory rights.
IMPORTANT - Selecting the paint
Many paints and other materials can be sprayed but some cannot. Always check the manufacturer’s
recommendations before using products with your Spray Gun.
THE SPRAY GUN MUST NOT BE USED FOR SPRAYING EXTERIOR TEXTURED WALL PAINTS OR
TEXTURED COATINGS. USING THESE MATERIALS WILL CAUSE PREMATURE WEAR ON THE
PISTON AND WILL INVALIDATE YOUR GUARANTEE.
IF YOU HAVE ANY PROBLEMS WITH YOUR SPRAY GUN OR IF YOU BELIEVE A PART IS
MISSING, DO NOT RETURN TO STORE. PLEASE CONTACT EARLEX LTD ON 01483 454666.
SAFETY WARNING LABEL
One of the labels on the Spray Gun is a warning label and shows three diagrams. If you are in any
doubt about their meaning, please see the explanation below:
Do not direct the Spray Gun
at yourself or anyone else.
(Risk of injection).
Do not use your Spray Gun
in wet weather.
4
<21˚C
Do not use your Spray Gun for
spraying flammable materials. i.e
those with a flashpoint less than
21˚C.
PREPARATION
Preparation of the surface and thinning of the paint are the two most important areas to be concerned
with to obtain the best results from your Spray Gun.
Ensure all surfaces are free from dust, dirt, rust and grease. If necessary rub down with sandpaper, or
similar.
Mask areas you do not wish to be painted.
THINNING
Your Spray Gun is supplied with a Viscosity Cup. Viscosity is a technical term used to indicate if the
paint is very thin or very thick. If thin, the viscosity is said to be low, while if very thick the viscosity is
said to be high.
Viscosity is measured in seconds. In order to spray some paints they need to be “thinned” (diluted).
Thinning is very important when spraying. Most paints are supplied ready for brush application and may
need to be “thinned” (diluted) for spraying purposes.
Follow the manufacturer’s guide for thinning. If in doubt please contact the manufacturers of the paint.
The Viscosity Cup supplied will help you determine the correct thickness of the paint. Paint is “thinned”
by adding the substance which the paint is based upon. If water based paint then water is added, if oil
based then white spirit, if automotive paint then an automotive paint thinner is added.
As some paints, wood preservatives and other sprayable products contain particles, please ensure that
when filling the Paint Container of the Spray Gun, that the paint is filtered through either a funnel with
a filter on it or through nylon tights or stockings. This will ensure that no large particles enter the Paint
Container, so preventing blockages and providing you with trouble free spraying. Ensure that a
facemask, gloves and goggles are worn at all times when spraying.
VISCOSITY GUIDE
Water based paints
Oil based paints
Enamel paints
Wood preservatives
20-25secs
15-25secs
15-25secs
no dilution
Primers
Varnishes
Aluminium paints
Wood stains
20-30secs
20-25secs
15-25secs
no dilution
This Spray Gun can be used with paints having a viscosity ranging from 15 to 30
seconds. Dip the Viscosity Cup into the material and fill up. Time how long it takes for
the viscosity cup to empty (Fig.1). Using the above chart (or manufacturer’s
instructions) as a guide, determine if the material requires further thinning, if so then
thin accordingly.
Important: Before you begin to thin the paint, ensure it is stirred thoroughly.
Fig.1
If the paint requires thinning, start with a 10% dilution of the paint. To do this, half fill
the paint container with the required paint. The Viscosity Cup supplied with the unit holds 1/10 of a litre,
block the hole in the Viscosity Cup and fill up with the required thinner. Add the thinner to the paint and
stir, measure the viscosity using the recommended viscosity chart above.
If the paint requires further thinning, dilute the paint by another 5% (5% will be equal to half a viscosity
cup) with the required thinner and measure the viscosity, if the paint is not at it's recommended
viscosity, repeat the above step.
Note: Some paints are outside the ranges listed above. Please contact our helpline for further
information.
5
PREPARING AND USING YOUR SPRAY GUN
OI
L
SAFETY WARNING!
DO NOT SPRAY FLAMMABLE MATERIALS (FLASH POINT < 21˚C). ALWAYS SPRAY IN A WELL
VENTILATED AREA. NEVER SPRAY NEAR NAKED FLAMES.
ALWAYS WEAR PROTECTIVE FACE MASK, GOGGLES, GLOVES & EAR
PROTECTORS WHEN USING YOUR SPRAY GUN.
MASK THE AREAS OF THE ITEM THAT YOU DO NOT WANT TO SPRAY
AND PROTECT ANY ADJACENT AREAS THAT COULD BE AFFECTED BY
OVERSPRAY.
OPERATION
Turn the gun upside down and place a few drops of Lubricating Oil (9) in both
Fig.2
the apertures on the underside of the Spray Gun (see Fig.2). Connect to
mains and momentarily trigger the Spray Gun to disperse the oil around the piston and cylinder, then
disconnect the ASG55 from the mains and firmly push the Suction Tube (5) into the tapered hole of the
raised boss. Fill the Paint Container with the paint, filtering the paint through a piece of nylon stocking
or a funnel which incorporates a filter to remove any lumps or particles. DO NOT OVERFILL. Screw the
Spray Gun on to the Paint Container tightly. Ensure the Nozzle (1/2) and clamping knob are hand
tightened before use. Plug in the unit and before you start depress switch fully, aiming the Spray Gun
at a piece of cardboard or newspaper until the paint comes out. Adjust the output control knob on the
back accordingly to control the volume of paint that you wish to apply (Fig.3).
This will also affect the spray pattern. A poor spray pattern will concentrate the paint in the centre of the
spray and give a blotchy finish. A good spray pattern is achieved when there is an even amount of
material in a fine spray throughout the pattern.
USING THE OUTPUT CONTROL KNOB
Turning the output control knob clockwise reduces the flow of material
whilst turning it anti-clockwise increases the flow. To adjust the pattern
undertake the following:
1. Turn the output control knob anti-clockwise to the maximum position.
2. Pull the trigger and test the pattern on a piece of cardboard or
newspaper.
3. Turn the output control knob clockwise from the maximum position until
the spray pattern is correct.
Fig.3
If you have undertaken the above and you still cannot obtain a good spray pattern then the material
being sprayed probably requires further thinning.
SPRAYING TECHNIQUE
To obtain best results keep the Spray Gun level and square to the surface being sprayed. The Spray
Gun works best if the Nozzle is kept about 25 – 30 cms (10” – 12”) from the surface being sprayed;
(See Fig. 4) This will result in consistent, even coverage. To avoid overlap of the paint and therefore
uneven coverage, we recommend that the Spray Gun be momentarily turned off whenever you change
direction.
Move the Spray Gun at an even speed. A fast speed will give a thin coat and a slow speed will give a
thicker coat. Never tilt the spray gun more than 45˚ as this could result in paint getting into the motor
and cause serious damage.
Fig.4
6
HELPFUL HINTS
1) Only apply one coat at a time. If more than one coat is required follow the paint manufacturer’s
instructions for drying times.
2) If spraying small objects keep the output setting low as this will avoid
excessive use of paint and will minimise overspray.
3) When spraying large areas or objects use a criss-cross pattern
either left to right then up and down or vice-versa. Remember to
momentarily stop spraying as you change direction. This will ensure
maximum coverage. (See Fig. 5)
4) Avoid stopping and starting when spraying as this can lead to too
much or not enough material on a surface.
5) To ensure edges are covered begin spraying just outside the area being
sprayed and do not stop until you have just passed the opposite edge.
Fig.5
SPRAY NOZZLE SELECTION
The ASG55 Spray Gun is supplied with 0.6mm and 1.0mm nozzles.
1) 0.6mm - This size works best for oil-based materials, stains, sealers, lacquers, water-proofers and
enamels for small application areas.
2) 1.0mm - This nozzle is suitable for spraying woodcare treatments.
If when spraying you find that the spray pattern is small and splattery, and adjusting the output control
knob does not solve the problem, try a different nozzle size before further thinning the material.
GENERAL CLEANING INSTRUCTIONS
After every use it is essential that you clean the Spray Gun thoroughly
When you have finished spraying, empty any remaining material out of the Paint Container and clean
it thoroughly using the thinners required for the job.
Rinse the Spray Gun Paint Container with the thinners required for the job and spray through the Spray
Gun onto cardboard or newspaper, and follow the instructions below.
Refer to spare parts section on page 3 when carrying out the following.
When you have finished spraying, empty any
remaining material out of the Paint Container.
7
Rinse the Spray Gun Paint Container with the
thinner that was used and spray through the Spray
Gun onto cardboard or newspaper.
Remove the top knob, slightly push the nozzle
towards the switch and pull down and forward to
release the piston cylinder assembly from the main
Spray Gun assembly.
Take care not to allow the piston assembly and
spring to fall out.
Remove the piston assembly and spring, unscrew
the spray nozzle to release the Valve Assembly,
pull out Suction Tube and unclip filter.
8
Submerge all of the components into a cleaning
fluid compatible with the fluid being sprayed.
Thoroughly clean all of these parts. Lightly oil the
piston and slide it in and out of the cylinder to
distribute the oil over the mating parts, reassemble
all of the components to their original
positions.
MAINTENANCE AND REPAIR
Please be aware that certain parts of this Spray Gun will wear, requiring replacement and that these
parts are not covered by guarantee. These parts include the Valve Assembly (7), Nozzle (1/2), Piston
and Spring (3/4). The wear on these parts depends on the abrasiveness of the paints being sprayed.
You would normally expect to replace an atomiser valve after spraying between 25-45 litres of
emulsion.
A worn valve will cause a poor spray pattern and will require replacing. Replacement valves are
available from the Earlex Service Department (see page 11 for contact details).
You will need to check the spray nozzles, Piston and Spring from time to time to check for wear.
Replace if necessary.
NEVER DISPOSE OF PAINTS OR SOLVENTS INTO DRAINS. CONTACT YOUR LOCAL COUNCIL
TO ARRANGE COLLECTION.
9
TROUBLESHOOTING
PROBLEM
Spray Gun hums but
does not operate
No suction feed
Spray Gun motor
operates, but nothing
comes out
Spray Gun motor
operates but spluttering
Paint dripping from
Nozzle
Excessive overspray
Runs and sags in paint
CAUSE
Piston sticking (4)
Liquid too thick
No Valve Assembly
(7)
Paint Suction Tube
and Filter Assembly
(5)
ACTION REQUIRED
Remove the large knob at the top of the unit. Pull Nozzle
and Piston Assembly down and back to release from main
gun assembly. Unscrew and remove Nozzle. Remove
Valve Assembly. Insert the metal punch, supplied in the
spares pack, into the front of the cylinder housing and
gently tap the punch to eject the seized piston. Clean and
lubricate piston and cylinder. Re-assemble carefully in
reverse order. Remember to replace the compression
spring onto the piston before fitting the piston. Ensure you
have not dropped any parts into main Spray Gun
assembly.
Thin liquid as recommended or contact paint manufacturer
Remove Nozzle, and insert Valve Assembly and refit
Nozzle
Clean filter
Nozzle blocked part
(1/2)
Clean thoroughly with thinners or if water based paint,
clean with water.
Clean thoroughly with thinners.
Paint Container
almost empty
Spray Gun held at
wrong angle
Liquid too thick
Incorrectly set
regulation control
Incorrect Nozzle
fitted
Worn Nozzle (1/2)
Refill Paint Container
Nozzle Valve
Assembly blocked
(7)
Worn Valve
Assembly (7)
Nozzle loose
Spray Gun held
at more than 45˚
Pressure too high
Holding Spray Gun
too far from surface
Arm movement too
slow
Spray Gun too close
to work surface
Applying too much
paint in one go
Hold at correct angle
Thin liquid as recommended
Adjust regulator at back of Spray Gun
Replace Nozzle with other size
Replace Nozzle
Replace Valve Assembly
Tighten Nozzle
Keep Spray Gun upright
Turn output knob clockwise to reduce pressure.
Hold Spray Gun about 25-30cm (10”-12”) from work
See section on spraying. (See page 6 and 7).
10
MAINS CONNECTION
This unit is a Class II appliance which means it is double insulated for your protection, no earthing wire
is necessary.
If the supply cord is damaged, it must be replaced by Earlex Ltd or our appointed agents.
Your unit has been supplied with a mains lead with a fitted fused plug. Please read the following safety
instructions before use.
1. If the fitted plug is cut off from the mains lead then the plug must be disposed of safely. NEVER
under any circumstances insert such a plug into a 13 Amp socket.
2. NEVER under any circumstances use the appliance or mains lead without the fuse cover fitted.
This is the little cover fixed into the base of the plug to hold the fuse in place.
3. If you lose the fuse cover then please contact any electrical dealer for a replacement or ring our helpline.
4. A replacement fuse must be rated at 5 Amp. These must be manufactured and approved to BS 1362.
5. IF IN ANY DOUBT CONTACT AN ELECTRICIAN.
If you need to fit a plug to the mains lead, this should be fitted in accordance
with the wiring instructions below, and will need to be used with a 5 Amp fuse.
If in doubt consult an electrician.
If you are using an extension lead it must be rated at a minimum of 6 Amps and
fully unwound. Do not operate with a lead rated at less than 6 Amps as this will
cause premature failure of the motor which is not covered by the guarantee.
EARLEX LTD. WILL ACCEPT NO RESPONSIBILITY FOR THE USE OF THIS PRODUCT IF USED
FOR ANY OTHER PURPOSES THAN THOSE DETAILED HEREIN
Information on the disposal of waste electrical equipment known as WEEE:
Your attention is brought to new directives applicable to the disposal of this electrical
equipment, where in accordance with the legislation this product must not be disposed
of in your normal household waste. Instead it is your responsibility to dispose of this
type of waste by handing it over to special designated collection points for recovery and
recycling. This product is marked with a ‘Wheelie bin’ symbol with a cross on it to
remind you of this action. The objective of this directive is to help conserve resources
and ensure that it is recycled in a manner that protects human health and the
environment. For more information about where you can drop off your waste please
contact your local authority, take back facilities are free of charge.
GUARANTEE
This product is guaranteed for a period of 12 months against faulty manufacture and materials. It is
not guaranteed for industrial or hire purposes. The guarantee does not affect your statutory rights.
For further information please contact us on our Helpline No between 08.30 a.m. and 5.00 p.m.
Mondays to Fridays (excluding Bank Holidays) or visit our Website on www.earlex.co.uk
HELPLINE No 01483 – 454666
British Registered Design No’s: GB 2097621, DE 4103820.3, FR 013052, US 29/141,500
Copyright & Design Right Reserved 2009©
EC Declaration of Conformity
We declare that the units ASG55 conform to: 2006/95/EC, EN50144-1, EN50144-2-7 2004/108/EC,
EN61000-3-2, EN61000-3-3, EN55014-1, EN55014-2.
Tim Hopper-Technical Director
© Earlex Ltd 2009
Earlex Ltd., Opus Park, Moorfield Road, Guildford, Surrey, GU1 1SZ.
Tel: 01483-454666 Fax: 01483-454548
email: enquiries@earlex.co.uk website: www.earlex.co.uk
11
SG216 01/09
NOTES
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