Keithley 6485 Datasheet
Test Equipment Solutions Datasheet
Test Equipment Solutions Ltd specialise in the second user sale, rental and distribution of
quality test & measurement (T&M) equipment. We stock all major equipment types such as
spectrum analyzers, signal generators, oscilloscopes, power meters, logic analysers etc from
all the major suppliers such as Agilent, Tektronix, Anritsu and Rohde & Schwarz.
We are focused at the professional end of the marketplace, primarily working with customers
for whom high performance, quality and service are key, whilst realising the cost savings that
second user equipment offers. As such, we fully test & refurbish equipment in our in-house,
traceable Lab. Items are supplied with manuals, accessories and typically a full no-quibble 2
year warranty. Our staff have extensive backgrounds in T&M, totalling over 150 years of
combined experience, which enables us to deliver industry-leading service and support. We
endeavour to be customer focused in every way right down to the detail, such as offering free
delivery on sales, covering the cost of warranty returns BOTH ways (plus supplying a loan
unit, if available) and supplying a free business tool with every order.
As well as the headline benefit of cost saving, second user offers shorter lead times, higher
reliability and multivendor solutions. Rental, of course, is ideal for shorter term needs and
offers fast delivery, flexibility, try-before-you-buy, zero capital expenditure, lower risk and off
balance sheet accounting. Both second user and rental improve the key business measure of
Return On Capital Employed.
We are based near Heathrow Airport in the UK from where we supply test equipment
worldwide. Our facility incorporates Sales, Support, Admin, Logistics and our own in-house
Lab.
All products supplied by Test Equipment Solutions include:
- No-quibble parts & labour warranty (we provide transport for UK mainland addresses).
- Free loan equipment during warranty repair, if available.
- Full electrical, mechanical and safety refurbishment in our in-house Lab.
- Certificate of Conformance (calibration available on request).
- Manuals and accessories required for normal operation.
- Free insured delivery to your UK mainland address (sales).
- Support from our team of seasoned Test & Measurement engineers.
- ISO9001 quality assurance.
Test equipment Solutions Ltd
Unit 8 Elder Way
Waterside Drive
Langley
Berkshire
SL3 6EP
T: +44 (0)1753 596000
F: +44 (0)1753 596001
Email: [email protected]
Web: www.TestEquipmentHQ.com
The 5½-digit Model 6485 Picoammeter combines
Keithley’s expertise in sensitive current measurement instrumentation with enhanced speed and
a robust design. With eight current measurement
ranges and high speed autoranging, this costeffective instrument can measure currents from 20fA
to 20mA, taking measurements at speeds up to 1000
readings per second.
The Model 6485’s 10fA resolution and superior
sensitivity make it well suited for characterizing low
current phenomena, while its 20mA range lets it
measure currents high enough for applications such
as measuring 4-20mA sensor loops.
• Cost-effective low current
measurement solution
• 10fA resolution
• 5½-digit resolution
• <200µV burden voltage
• Up to 1000 readings/second
• Built-in Model 485 emulation
mode
• IEEE-488 and RS-232 interfaces
• Analog output
Although it employs the latest current measurement
technology, it is significantly less expensive than
other instruments that perform similar functions,
such as optical power meters, competitive pico­
ammeters, or user-designed solutions. With a price that’s comparable to a general purpose DMM,
the Model 6485 makes picoamp-level measurements affordable for virtually any laboratory or
­production floor.
Low Voltage Burden and Higher Accuracy
While DMMs typically employ shunt ammeter circuitry to measure current, the Model 6485 is a feedback picoammeter. This design reduces voltage burden by several orders of magnitude, resulting in a
voltage burden of less than 200µV on the lower measurement ranges. The low voltage burden makes
the Model 6485 function much more like an ideal ammeter than a DMM, so it can make current
measurements with high accuracy, even in circuits with
Model 485
Model 6485
very low source voltages.
Current Ranges
2nA–2mA
2nA–20mA
200µV (1mV on
Voltage Burden
200µV
Successor to the Model 485
20mA range)
Reading Rate
3/s
1000/s
The Model 6485 builds on the strengths of one of
Digits
4½
5½
Keithley’s most popular picoammeters, the Model 485,
Output
Yes
Yes
offering an additional 20mA measurement range, as well Analog
Battery Option
Yes
No
as much higher measurement speeds. With a top speed
Storage Buffer
100 points
2500 points
of up to 1000 readings per second, the Model 6485 is
the fastest picoammeter Keithley has ever made. It offers ten times greater resolution than the Model
485 on every range. A time-stamped 2500-reading data buffer provides minimum, maximum, and
standard deviation statistics. A built-in emulation mode simplifies upgrading existing applications
originally configured with a Model 485. This emulation mode makes it possible to control the Model
6485 with any custom code written to control the Model 485. Refer to the comparison table for
additional information.
When do you need a picoammeter?
Measuring low DC currents often demands a lot more than a digital
multimeter (DMM) can deliver. Generally, DMMs lack the sensitivity required
to measure currents less than 100nA. Even at higher currents, a DMM’s
input voltage drop (voltage burden) of hundreds of millivolts can make
accurate current measurements impossible. Electrometers can measure
low currents very accurately, but the circuitry needed to measure extremely
low currents, combined with functions like voltage, resistance, and charge
measurement, can increase an electrometer’s cost signifi­cantly. The Model
6485 Picoammeter combines the economy and ease of use of a DMM with
low current sensitivity near that of an electrometer.
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Measures low currents quickly,
Side Text
accurately, and economically
Picoammeter
LOW LEVEL MEASURE & SOURCE
6485
6485
Ordering Information
Measures low currents quickly,
Side Text
accurately, and economically
6485Picoammeter
Accessories Supplied
CAP-18 Protective Shield/
Cap (2-lug)
4801
Low Noise BNC Input
Cable, 1.2m (4 ft)
Features that Expand Test and Measurement Flexibility
• Scaled voltage analog output. This output allows the Model 6485 to transmit measurement
results to devices like DMMs, data acquisition boards, oscilloscopes, or strip chart recorders.
• 220V overload protection. This high overload protection and a robust design let the Model 6485
withstand abusive overflows.
• One-touch front panel design. Functions can be configured easily with the push of a button,
without complicated function menus.
• Built-in Trigger Link interface. The Trigger Link interface simplifies synchronizing the Model
6485 with other instruments and voltage sources. This interface combines six independent selectable trigger lines on a single connector for simple, direct control over all instruments in a system.
• RS-232 and IEEE-488 interfaces. These interfaces make it easy to integrate the Model 6485 into
automated test and measurement systems.
• Display on/off switch. For research on light-sensitive components, such as measuring the dark
currents of photodiodes, the front panel display can be switched off to avoid introducing light that
could significantly reduce the accuracy of the results.
• REL and LOG functions. The Model 6485 can make relative readings with respect to a baseline
value or display the logarithm of the absolute value of the measured current.
• Resistance calculations. The Model 6485 can calculate resistance by dividing an externally
sourced voltage value by the measured current.
• Rear panel BNC inputs. Inexpensive, easy-to-use BNC cables can be employed, rather than more
expensive triax cables.
ACCESSORIES AVAILABLE
APPLICATIONS
• Beam monitoring and radiation
monitoring
• Leakage current testing in
insulators, switches, relays, and
other components
• SEM beam current
measurements
• Optoelectronic device testing
and characterization
LOW LEVEL MEASURE & SOURCE
Picoammeter
• Optical fiber alignment
• Circuit test and analysis in DCLF
circuits
• Sensor characterization
• I-V measurements of
semiconductors and other
devices
• Nanoelectronic device
characterization
Cables
4802-10 Low Noise BNC Input Cable, 3m (10 ft)
4803
Low Noise Cable Kit
7007-1 Shielded IEEE-488 Cable, 1m (3.3 ft)
7007-2 Shielded IEEE-488 Cable, 2m (6.6 ft)
7007-4 Shielded IEEE-488 Cable, 4m (13.1 ft)
7009-5 RS-232 Cable
7754-3 BNC to Alligator Cable, 0.9m (3 ft)
8607
Banana Cable set for Analog Output
8501-1 Trigger Link Cable with Male Micro-DIN Connectors at
each End, 1m (3.3 ft)
8501-2 Trigger Link Cable with Male Micro-DIN Connectors at
each End, 2m (6.6 ft)
8502
Micro-DIN to 6 BNCs Adapter Box. Includes one 8501-1
8503
DIN-to-BNC Trigger Cable
Services Available
6485-3Y-EW
1-year factory warranty extended to 3 years from
date of shipment
C/6485-3Y-ISO 3 (ISO-17025 accredited) calibrations within 3
years of purchase*
TRN-LLM-1-C Course: Making Accurate Low-Level Measurements
*Not available in all countries
Adapters
CS-565
BNC Barrel
7078-TRX-BNCFemale BNC to 3-Slot Male Triax for connecting
BNC cable into triax fixture
Rack Mount Kits
4288-1
Single Fixed Rack Mounting Kit
4288-2
Dual Fixed Rack Mounting Kit
GPIB Interfaces
KPCI-488LPA IEEE-488 Interface/Controller for the PCI Bus
KUSB-488B IEEE-488 USB-to-GPIB Interface Adapter
• Teaching labs
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6485
Picoammeter
Accuracy (1 Year) 1 Analog
5½ Digit
Default
±(% rdg. + offset)
Typical
Rise Time 3
Range Resolution 18°–28°C, 0–70% RH RMS Noise 2 (10% to 90%)
2 nA
10 fA
0.4 % + 400 fA
20 fA
8ms
20 nA
100 fA
0.4 % +
1 pA
100 fA
8ms
200 nA
1 pA
0.2 % + 10 pA
1pA
500 µs
2 µA
10pA
0.15% + 100 pA
10pA
500 µs
20 µA
100pA
0.1 % +
1 nA
100pA
500 µs
200 µA
1nA
0.1 % + 10 nA
1nA
500 µs
2 mA
10nA
0.1 % + 100 nA
10nA
500 µs
20 mA
100 n A
0.1 % + 1 µA
100nA
500 µs
TEMPERATURE COEFFICIENT: 0°–18°C & 28°–50°C. For each °C, add 0.1 × (% rdg + offset) to
accuracy spec.
Input Voltage Burden: <200µV on all ranges except <1mV on 20mA range.
Maximum Input Capacitance: Stable to 10nF on all nA ranges and 2µA range; 1µF on 20µA
and 200µA ranges, and on mA ranges.
MAXIMUM COMMON MODE VOLTAGE: 42V.
MAXIMUM Continuous Input VOLTAGE: 220 VDC.
ISOLATION (Meter COMMON to chassis): Typically >5×1011W in parallel with <1nF.
NMRR1 (50 or 60Hz): 60dB.
ANALOG OUTPUT: Scaled voltage output (inverting 2V full scale on all ranges) 3% ±2mV, 1kW
impedance.
Notes
1. At 1 PLC – limited to 60 rdgs/second under this condition.
2. At 6 PLC, 1 standard deviation, 100 readings, filter off, capped input – limited to 10 rdgs/sec under this condition.
3. Measured at analog output with resistive load >100kW.
IEEE-488 BUS IMPLEMENTATION
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LOW LEVEL MEASURE & SOURCE
MULTILINE COMMANDS: DCL, LLO, SDC, GET, GTL, UNT, UNL, SPE, SPD.
IMPLEMENTATION: SCPI (IEEE-488.2, SCPI-1996.0); DDC (IEEE-488.1).
UNILINE COMMANDS: IFC, REN, EOI, SRQ, ATN.
INTERFACE FUNCTIONS: SH1, AH1, T5, TE0, L4, LE0, SR1, RL1, PP0, DC1, DT1, C0, E1.
PROGRAMMABLE PARAMETERS: Range, Zero Check, Zero Correct, EOI (DDC mode only),
Trigger, Terminator (DDC mode only), Calibration (SCPI mode only), Display Format, SRQ,
REL, Output Format, V-offset Cal.
ADDRESS MODES: TALK ONLY and ADDRESSABLE.
LANGUAGE EMULATION: Keithley Model 485 emulation via DDC mode.
RS-232 IMPLEMENTATION:
Supports: SCPI 1996.0.
Baud Rates: 300, 600, 1200, 2400, 4800, 9600, 19.2k, 38.4k, 57.6k.
Protocols: Xon/Xoff, 7 or 8 bit ASCII, parity-odd/even/none.
Connector: DB-9 TXD/RXD/GND.
Model
Model
6485
Side
specifications
specifications
Text
GENERAL
INPUT CONNECTOR: BNC on rear panel.
DISPLAY: 12 character vacuum fluorescent.
RANGING: Automatic or manual.
OVERRANGE INDICATION: Display reads “OVRFLOW.”
CONVERSION TIME: Selectable 0.01 PLC to 60 PLC (50 PLC under 50Hz operation).
(Adjustable from 200µs to 1s)
READING RATE:
To internal buffer: 1000 readings/second1
To IEEE-488 bus: 900 readings/second1, 2
Notes:
1. 0.01 PLC, digital filters off, front panel off, auto zero off.
2. Binary transfer mode. IEEE-488.1.
BUFFER: Stores up to 2500 readings.
PROGRAMS: Provide front panel access to IEEE address, choice of engineering units or
scientific notation, and digital calibration.
emc: Conforms with European Union Directive 89/336/EEC, EN61326-1.
safety: Conforms with European Union Directive 73/23/EEC, EN61010-1.
TRIGGER LINE: Available, see manual for usage.
DIGITAL FILTER: Median and averaging (selectable from 2 to 100 readings).
ENVIRONMENT:
Operating: 0°–50°C; relative humidity 70% non-condensing, up to 35°C. Above 35°C,
derate humidity by 3% for each °C.
Storage: –25° to +65°C.
WARM-UP: 1 hour to rated accuracy (see manual for recommended procedure).
POWER: 100–120V or 220–240V, 50–60Hz, 30VA.
PHYSICAL:
Case Dimensions: 90mm high × 214mm wide × 369mm deep (3½ in. × 83 ⁄8 in. × 149 ⁄16 in.).
Working Dimensions: From front of case to rear including power cord and IEEE-488 connector: 394mm (15.5 in).
Net Weight: <2.8 kg (<6.1 lbs).
Shipping Weight: <5 kg (<11 lbs).
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