Material Safety Data Sheet Product and company identification 1 . Hydrochloric Acid
Material Safety Data Sheet Hydrochloric Acid 1. Product and company identification Product name Product code Supplier : Hydrochloric Acid : HX0603S : EMD Chemicals Inc. 480 S. Democrat Rd. Gibbstown, NJ 08027 856-423-6300 Technical Service Monday-Friday: 8:00 -5:00 PM Synonym Material uses Validation date In case of emergency : : : : 2. Muriatic Acid Other non-specified industry: Analytical reagent. 1/27/2009. 800-424-9300 CHEMTREC (USA) 613-996-6666 CANUTEC (Canada) 24 Hours/Day: 7 Days/Week Hazards identification Emergency overview Physical state OSHA/HCS status : DANGER! POISON! MAY BE FATAL IF INHALED OR SWALLOWED. CAUSES SEVERE EYE AND SKIN BURNS. CAUSES RESPIRATORY TRACT BURNS. MAY CAUSE DAMAGE TO THE FOLLOWING ORGANS: LUNGS, RESPIRATORY TRACT, SKIN, EYES. Do not breathe vapor or mist. Do not ingest. Do not get in eyes or on skin or clothing. Use only with adequate ventilation. Keep container tightly closed and sealed until ready for use. Wash thoroughly after handling. : Liquid. [Colorless.] : This material is considered hazardous by the OSHA Hazard Communication Standard (29 CFR 1910.1200). : Dermal contact. Eye contact. Inhalation. Ingestion. Routes of entry Potential acute health effects Inhalation : : Ingestion : Skin : Eyes Potential chronic health effects Carcinogenicity : Mutagenicity : Teratogenicity : Developmental effects : Fertility effects : Target organs : : Medical conditions aggravated by overexposure Very toxic by inhalation. Corrosive to the respiratory system. Very toxic if swallowed. May cause burns to mouth, throat and stomach. Severely corrosive to the skin. Causes severe burns. Severely corrosive to the eyes. Causes severe burns. No known significant effects or critical hazards. No known significant effects or critical hazards. No known significant effects or critical hazards. No known significant effects or critical hazards. No known significant effects or critical hazards. May cause damage to the following organs: lungs, upper respiratory tract, skin, eyes. Pre-existing disorders involving any target organs mentioned in this MSDS as being at risk may be aggravated by over-exposure to this product. See toxicological information (section 11) Continued on next page Hydrochloric Acid 3. HX0603S 2/7 Composition/information on ingredients Name Hydrochloric Acid CAS number 7647-01-0 % by weight 100 The 100% indicates this product is a concentrated acid. Assay (HCl) value is approximately 36-38%. 4. First aid measures Eye contact Skin contact Inhalation Ingestion 5. : Call medical doctor or poison control center immediately. Wash out mouth with water. Do not induce vomiting unless directed to do so by medical personnel. Never give anything by mouth to an unconscious person. Get medical attention immediately. Fire-fighting measures Flammability of the product Extinguishing media Not suitable Special exposure hazards Hazardous thermal decomposition products Special protective equipment for fire-fighters Special remarks on fire hazards 6. : Check for and remove any contact lenses. Immediately flush eyes with plenty of water for at least 15 minutes, occasionally lifting the upper and lower eyelids. Get medical attention immediately. : In case of contact, immediately flush skin with plenty of water for at least 15 minutes while removing contaminated clothing and shoes. Wash clothing before reuse. Clean shoes thoroughly before reuse. Get medical attention immediately. : Call medical doctor or poison control center immediately. Move exposed person to fresh air. If not breathing, if breathing is irregular or if respiratory arrest occurs, provide artificial respiration or oxygen by trained personnel. Loosen tight clothing such as a collar, tie, belt or waistband. Get medical attention immediately. In a fire or if heated, a pressure increase will occur and the container may burst. Use an extinguishing agent suitable for the surrounding fire. None known. Promptly isolate the scene by removing all persons from the vicinity of the incident if there is a fire. No action shall be taken involving any personal risk or without suitable training. : Decomposition products may include the following materials: halogenated compounds : : : : : Fire-fighters should wear appropriate protective equipment and self-contained breathing apparatus (SCBA) with a full face-piece operated in positive pressure mode. : Flammable hydrogen gas may be produced on prolonged contact with metals such as aluminum, tin, lead and zinc. Accidental release measures Personal precautions : No action shall be taken involving any personal risk or without suitable training. Evacuate surrounding areas. Keep unnecessary and unprotected personnel from entering. Do not touch or walk through spilled material. Do not breathe vapor or mist. Provide adequate ventilation. Wear appropriate respirator when ventilation is inadequate. Put on appropriate personal protective equipment (see section 8). Environmental precautions : Avoid dispersal of spilled material and runoff and contact with soil, waterways, drains and sewers. Inform the relevant authorities if the product has caused environmental pollution (sewers, waterways, soil or air). Methods for cleaning up Spill Continued on next page : Stop leak if without risk. Move containers from spill area. Approach release from upwind. Prevent entry into sewers, water courses, basements or confined areas. Contain and collect spillage with non-combustible, absorbent material e.g. sand, earth, vermiculite or diatomaceous earth and place in container for disposal according to local regulations (see section 13). Dispose of via a licensed waste disposal contractor. Contaminated absorbent material may pose the same hazard as the spilled product. Note: see section 1 for emergency contact information and section 13 for waste disposal. Dilute with water and mop up if water-soluble or absorb with an inert dry material and place in an appropriate waste disposal container. Hydrochloric Acid 7. HX0603S 3/7 Handling and storage Handling : Do not get in eyes or on skin or clothing. Do not breathe vapor or mist. Do not ingest. Use only with adequate ventilation. Wear appropriate respirator when ventilation is inadequate. Keep in the original container or an approved alternative made from a compatible material, kept tightly closed when not in use. Empty containers retain product residue and can be hazardous. Do not reuse container. Storage : Store in accordance with local regulations. Store in original container, protected from direct sunlight. Keep container tightly closed and sealed until ready for use. Containers that have been opened must be carefully resealed and kept upright to prevent leakage. 8. Exposure controls/personal protection Ingredient Exposure limits Hydrochloric Acid ACGIH TLV (United States, 1/2008). C: 2 ppm OSHA PEL 1989 (United States, 3/1989). CEIL: 5 ppm CEIL: 7 mg/m³ NIOSH REL (United States, 6/2008). CEIL: 5 ppm CEIL: 7 mg/m³ OSHA PEL (United States, 11/2006). CEIL: 5 ppm CEIL: 7 mg/m³ Consult local authorities for acceptable exposure limits. Engineering measures : Use only with adequate ventilation. Use process enclosures, local exhaust ventilation or other engineering controls to keep worker exposure to airborne contaminants below any recommended or statutory limits. Hygiene measures : Wash hands, forearms and face thoroughly after handling chemical products, before eating, smoking and using the lavatory and at the end of the working period. Appropriate techniques should be used to remove potentially contaminated clothing. Wash contaminated clothing before reusing. Ensure that eyewash stations and safety showers are close to the workstation location. Personal protection Respiratory Hands Eyes Skin Environmental exposure controls Continued on next page : Use a properly fitted, air-purifying or air-fed respirator complying with an approved standard if a risk assessment indicates this is necessary. Respirator selection must be based on known or anticipated exposure levels, the hazards of the product and the safe working limits of the selected respirator. : Chemical-resistant, impervious gloves complying with an approved standard should be worn at all times when handling chemical products if a risk assessment indicates this is necessary. Recommended: PVC : Safety eyewear complying with an approved standard should be used when a risk assessment indicates this is necessary to avoid exposure to liquid splashes, mists or dusts. Recommended: face shield , splash goggles : Personal protective equipment for the body should be selected based on the task being performed and the risks involved and should be approved by a specialist before handling this product. Recommended: chemical-resistant protective suit : Emissions from ventilation or work process equipment should be checked to ensure they comply with the requirements of environmental protection legislation. In some cases, fume scrubbers, filters or engineering modifications to the process equipment will be necessary to reduce emissions to acceptable levels. Hydrochloric Acid 9. HX0603S 4/7 Physical and chemical properties Physical state Color Odor Molecular weight Molecular formula pH Boiling/condensation point Melting/freezing point Critical temperature Relative density Vapor pressure Vapor density Odor threshold Evaporation rate Solubility : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : Liquid. [Colorless.] Colorless. Pungent. 36.46 g/mole HCl Not available. 110°C (230°F) -74°C (-101.2°F) 51.5°C (124.7°F) 1.19 21.3 kPa (160 mm Hg) 1.3 [Air = 1] Not available. >1 (Butyl acetate. = 1) Soluble in the following materials: water 10 . Stability and reactivity Chemical stability Possibility of hazardous reactions : The product is stable. : Under normal conditions of storage and use, hazardous reactions will not occur. Hazardous polymerization Conditions to avoid Materials to avoid Hazardous decomposition products Conditions of reactivity : : : : Under normal conditions of storage and use, hazardous polymerization will not occur. No specific data. No specific data. Under normal conditions of storage and use, hazardous decomposition products should not be produced. : Flammable hydrogen gas may be produced on prolonged contact with metals such as aluminum, tin, lead and zinc. Explosive in the presence of the following materials or conditions: metals. 11 . Toxicological information Acute toxicity Product/ingredient name Hydrochloric Acid Carcinogenicity Classification Product/ingredient name Hydrochloric Acid Test Route LD50 Oral LC50 Inhalation Vapor ACGIH A4 No known significant effects or critical hazards. Mutagenicity No known significant effects or critical hazards. Teratogenicity No known significant effects or critical hazards. Continued on next page IARC 3 EPA - Species Rabbit Mouse NIOSH - Result 900 mg/kg 1108 ppm NTP - OSHA - Hydrochloric Acid HX0603S 5/7 12 . Ecological information Aquatic ecotoxicity Product/ingredient name Hydrochloric Acid Environmental effects Other adverse effects Result Acute LC50 282000 ug/L Fresh water Acute LC50 260000 ug/L Marine water Species Fish - Western mosquitofish - Gambusia affinis - Adult Crustaceans - Common shrimp, sand shrimp Crangon crangon - Adult Acute LC50 240000 ug/L Crustaceans - Green or Marine water Europeon shore crab Carcinus maenas - Adult : No known significant effects or critical hazards. : No known significant effects or critical hazards. Exposure 96 hours 48 hours 48 hours 13 . Disposal considerations The information presented only applies to the material as supplied. The identification based on characteristic(s) or listing may not apply if the material has been used or otherwise contaminated. It is the responsibility of the waste generator to determine the toxicity and physical properties of the material generated to determine the proper waste identification and disposal methods in compliance with applicable regulations. Disposal should be in accordance with applicable regional, national and local laws and regulations. 14 . Transport information Regulatory information UN number Proper shipping name Classes PG* Label Additional information DOT Classification UN1789 HYDROCHLORIC ACID 8 II Reportable quantity 5000 lbs. (2270 kg) CORROSIVE 8 PG* : Packing group 15 . Regulatory information United States HCS Classification U.S. Federal regulations DEA List I Chemicals (Precursor Chemicals) DEA List II Chemicals (Essential Chemicals) : Highly toxic material Corrosive material Target organ effects : United States inventory (TSCA 8b): This material is listed or exempted. TSCA (Toxic Substance Control Act): This product is listed on the TSCA Inventory. SARA 302/304/311/312 extremely hazardous substances: Hydrochloric Acid SARA 302/304 emergency planning and notification: Hydrochloric Acid SARA 302/304/311/312 hazardous chemicals: Hydrochloric Acid SARA 311/312 MSDS distribution - chemical inventory - hazard identification: Hydrochloric Acid : Immediate (acute) health hazard, Delayed (chronic) health hazard Clean Water Act (CWA) 307: No products were found. Clean Water Act (CWA) 311: Hydrochloric Acid Clean Air Act (CAA) 112 accidental release prevention: Hydrochloric Acid Clean Air Act (CAA) 112 regulated flammable substances: Hydrochloric Acid Clean Air Act (CAA) 112 regulated toxic substances: Hydrochloric Acid : Not listed : Listed SARA 313 Product name Continued on next page CAS number Concentration Hydrochloric Acid HX0603S 6/7 15 . Regulatory information Form R - Reporting requirements : Hydrochloric Acid 7647-01-0 100 Supplier notification : Hydrochloric Acid 7647-01-0 100 SARA 313 notifications must not be detached from the MSDS and any copying and redistribution of the MSDS shall include copying and redistribution of the notice attached to copies of the MSDS subsequently redistributed. Massachusetts Substances : This material is listed. New Jersey Hazardous Substances New York Acutely Hazardous Substances : This material is listed. Pennsylvania RTK Hazardous Substances Canada WHMIS (Canada) : This material is listed. Canadian lists : This material is listed. : Class D-1A: Material causing immediate and serious toxic effects (Very toxic). Class E: Corrosive material : CEPA Toxic substances: This material is not listed. Canadian ARET: This material is not listed. Canadian NPRI: This material is listed. Alberta Designated Substances: This material is not listed. Ontario Designated Substances: This material is not listed. Quebec Designated Substances: This material is not listed. CEPA DSL / CEPA NDSL : This material is listed or exempted. This product has been classified in accordance with the hazard criteria of the Controlled Products Regulations and the MSDS contains all the information required by the Controlled Products Regulations. EU regulations Hazard symbol or symbols Risk phrases Safety phrases International regulations International lists Continued on next page : : R23- Toxic by inhalation. R35- Causes severe burns. : S1/2- Keep locked up and out of the reach of children. S9- Keep container in a well-ventilated place. S26- In case of contact with eyes, rinse immediately with plenty of water and seek medical advice. S36/37/39- Wear suitable protective clothing, gloves and eye/face protection. S45- In case of accident or if you feel unwell, seek medical advice immediately (show the label where possible). : Australia inventory (AICS): This material is listed or exempted. China inventory (IECSC): This material is listed or exempted. Japan inventory (ENCS): This material is listed or exempted. Japan inventory (ISHL): Not determined. Korea inventory (KECI): This material is listed or exempted. New Zealand Inventory of Chemicals (NZIoC): This material is listed or exempted. Philippines inventory (PICCS): This material is listed or exempted. Hydrochloric Acid HX0603S 7/7 16 . Other information National Fire Protection Association (U.S.A.) : Flammability 0 Health 3 0 Instability Special : Section 3 lists this product as 100% which indicates that it is a concentrated acid. Other special considerations Notice to reader The statements contained herein are based upon technical data that EMD Chemicals Inc. believes to be reliable, are offered for information purposes only and as a guide to the appropriate precautionary and emergency handling of the material by a properly trained person having the necessary technical skills. Users should consider these data only as a supplement to other information gathered by them and must make independent determinations of suitability and completeness of information from all sources to assure proper use, storage and disposal of these materials and the safety and health of employees and customers and the protection of the environment. EMD CHEMICALS INC. MAKES NO REPRESENTATION OR WARRANTY OF ANY KIND, EXPRESS OR IMPLIED, INCLUDING MERCHANTABILITY OR FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR USE, WITH RESPECT TO THE INFORMATION HEREIN OR THE PRODUCT TO WHICH THE INFORMATION REFERS.
* Your assessment is very important for improving the work of artificial intelligence, which forms the content of this project