Material Safety Data Sheet Product and company identification 1 . Hydrochloric Acid

Material Safety Data Sheet Product and company identification 1 . Hydrochloric Acid
Material Safety Data Sheet
Hydrochloric Acid
1.
Product and company identification
Product name
Product code
Supplier
: Hydrochloric Acid
: HX0603S
: EMD Chemicals Inc.
480 S. Democrat Rd.
Gibbstown, NJ 08027
856-423-6300 Technical Service
Monday-Friday: 8:00 -5:00 PM
Synonym
Material uses
Validation date
In case of emergency
:
:
:
:
2.
Muriatic Acid
Other non-specified industry: Analytical reagent.
1/27/2009.
800-424-9300 CHEMTREC (USA)
613-996-6666 CANUTEC (Canada)
24 Hours/Day: 7 Days/Week
Hazards identification
Emergency overview
Physical state
OSHA/HCS status
: DANGER!
POISON!
MAY BE FATAL IF INHALED OR SWALLOWED.
CAUSES SEVERE EYE AND SKIN BURNS.
CAUSES RESPIRATORY TRACT BURNS.
MAY CAUSE DAMAGE TO THE FOLLOWING ORGANS: LUNGS, RESPIRATORY
TRACT, SKIN, EYES.
Do not breathe vapor or mist. Do not ingest. Do not get in eyes or on skin or clothing.
Use only with adequate ventilation. Keep container tightly closed and sealed until ready
for use. Wash thoroughly after handling.
: Liquid. [Colorless.]
: This material is considered hazardous by the OSHA Hazard Communication Standard
(29 CFR 1910.1200).
: Dermal contact. Eye contact. Inhalation. Ingestion.
Routes of entry
Potential acute health effects
Inhalation
:
:
Ingestion
:
Skin
:
Eyes
Potential chronic health effects
Carcinogenicity
:
Mutagenicity
:
Teratogenicity
:
Developmental effects
:
Fertility effects
:
Target organs
:
:
Medical conditions
aggravated by overexposure
Very toxic by inhalation. Corrosive to the respiratory system.
Very toxic if swallowed. May cause burns to mouth, throat and stomach.
Severely corrosive to the skin. Causes severe burns.
Severely corrosive to the eyes. Causes severe burns.
No known significant effects or critical hazards.
No known significant effects or critical hazards.
No known significant effects or critical hazards.
No known significant effects or critical hazards.
No known significant effects or critical hazards.
May cause damage to the following organs: lungs, upper respiratory tract, skin, eyes.
Pre-existing disorders involving any target organs mentioned in this MSDS as being at
risk may be aggravated by over-exposure to this product.
See toxicological information (section 11)
Continued on next page
Hydrochloric Acid
3.
HX0603S
2/7
Composition/information on ingredients
Name
Hydrochloric Acid
CAS number
7647-01-0
% by weight
100
The 100% indicates this product is a concentrated acid. Assay (HCl) value is
approximately 36-38%.
4.
First aid measures
Eye contact
Skin contact
Inhalation
Ingestion
5.
: Call medical doctor or poison control center immediately. Wash out mouth with water.
Do not induce vomiting unless directed to do so by medical personnel. Never give
anything by mouth to an unconscious person. Get medical attention immediately.
Fire-fighting measures
Flammability of the product
Extinguishing media
Not suitable
Special exposure hazards
Hazardous thermal
decomposition products
Special protective
equipment for fire-fighters
Special remarks on fire
hazards
6.
: Check for and remove any contact lenses. Immediately flush eyes with plenty of water
for at least 15 minutes, occasionally lifting the upper and lower eyelids. Get medical
attention immediately.
: In case of contact, immediately flush skin with plenty of water for at least 15 minutes
while removing contaminated clothing and shoes. Wash clothing before reuse. Clean
shoes thoroughly before reuse. Get medical attention immediately.
: Call medical doctor or poison control center immediately. Move exposed person to fresh
air. If not breathing, if breathing is irregular or if respiratory arrest occurs, provide
artificial respiration or oxygen by trained personnel. Loosen tight clothing such as a
collar, tie, belt or waistband. Get medical attention immediately.
In a fire or if heated, a pressure increase will occur and the container may burst.
Use an extinguishing agent suitable for the surrounding fire.
None known.
Promptly isolate the scene by removing all persons from the vicinity of the incident if
there is a fire. No action shall be taken involving any personal risk or without suitable
training.
: Decomposition products may include the following materials:
halogenated compounds
:
:
:
:
: Fire-fighters should wear appropriate protective equipment and self-contained breathing
apparatus (SCBA) with a full face-piece operated in positive pressure mode.
: Flammable hydrogen gas may be produced on prolonged contact with metals such as
aluminum, tin, lead and zinc.
Accidental release measures
Personal precautions
: No action shall be taken involving any personal risk or without suitable training.
Evacuate surrounding areas. Keep unnecessary and unprotected personnel from
entering. Do not touch or walk through spilled material. Do not breathe vapor or mist.
Provide adequate ventilation. Wear appropriate respirator when ventilation is
inadequate. Put on appropriate personal protective equipment (see section 8).
Environmental precautions
: Avoid dispersal of spilled material and runoff and contact with soil, waterways, drains
and sewers. Inform the relevant authorities if the product has caused environmental
pollution (sewers, waterways, soil or air).
Methods for cleaning up
Spill
Continued on next page
: Stop leak if without risk. Move containers from spill area. Approach release from
upwind. Prevent entry into sewers, water courses, basements or confined areas.
Contain and collect spillage with non-combustible, absorbent material e.g. sand, earth,
vermiculite or diatomaceous earth and place in container for disposal according to local
regulations (see section 13). Dispose of via a licensed waste disposal contractor.
Contaminated absorbent material may pose the same hazard as the spilled product.
Note: see section 1 for emergency contact information and section 13 for waste
disposal. Dilute with water and mop up if water-soluble or absorb with an inert dry
material and place in an appropriate waste disposal container.
Hydrochloric Acid
7.
HX0603S
3/7
Handling and storage
Handling
: Do not get in eyes or on skin or clothing. Do not breathe vapor or mist. Do not ingest.
Use only with adequate ventilation. Wear appropriate respirator when ventilation is
inadequate. Keep in the original container or an approved alternative made from a
compatible material, kept tightly closed when not in use. Empty containers retain
product residue and can be hazardous. Do not reuse container.
Storage
: Store in accordance with local regulations. Store in original container, protected from
direct sunlight. Keep container tightly closed and sealed until ready for use. Containers
that have been opened must be carefully resealed and kept upright to prevent leakage.
8.
Exposure controls/personal protection
Ingredient
Exposure limits
Hydrochloric Acid
ACGIH TLV (United States, 1/2008).
C: 2 ppm
OSHA PEL 1989 (United States, 3/1989).
CEIL: 5 ppm
CEIL: 7 mg/m³
NIOSH REL (United States, 6/2008).
CEIL: 5 ppm
CEIL: 7 mg/m³
OSHA PEL (United States, 11/2006).
CEIL: 5 ppm
CEIL: 7 mg/m³
Consult local authorities for acceptable exposure limits.
Engineering measures
: Use only with adequate ventilation. Use process enclosures, local exhaust ventilation or
other engineering controls to keep worker exposure to airborne contaminants below any
recommended or statutory limits.
Hygiene measures
: Wash hands, forearms and face thoroughly after handling chemical products, before
eating, smoking and using the lavatory and at the end of the working period. Appropriate
techniques should be used to remove potentially contaminated clothing. Wash
contaminated clothing before reusing. Ensure that eyewash stations and safety showers
are close to the workstation location.
Personal protection
Respiratory
Hands
Eyes
Skin
Environmental exposure
controls
Continued on next page
: Use a properly fitted, air-purifying or air-fed respirator complying with an approved
standard if a risk assessment indicates this is necessary. Respirator selection must be
based on known or anticipated exposure levels, the hazards of the product and the safe
working limits of the selected respirator.
: Chemical-resistant, impervious gloves complying with an approved standard should be
worn at all times when handling chemical products if a risk assessment indicates this is
necessary. Recommended: PVC
: Safety eyewear complying with an approved standard should be used when a risk
assessment indicates this is necessary to avoid exposure to liquid splashes, mists or
dusts. Recommended: face shield , splash goggles
: Personal protective equipment for the body should be selected based on the task being
performed and the risks involved and should be approved by a specialist before handling
this product.
Recommended: chemical-resistant protective suit
: Emissions from ventilation or work process equipment should be checked to ensure they
comply with the requirements of environmental protection legislation. In some cases,
fume scrubbers, filters or engineering modifications to the process equipment will be
necessary to reduce emissions to acceptable levels.
Hydrochloric Acid
9.
HX0603S
4/7
Physical and chemical properties
Physical state
Color
Odor
Molecular weight
Molecular formula
pH
Boiling/condensation point
Melting/freezing point
Critical temperature
Relative density
Vapor pressure
Vapor density
Odor threshold
Evaporation rate
Solubility
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
Liquid. [Colorless.]
Colorless.
Pungent.
36.46 g/mole
HCl
Not available.
110°C (230°F)
-74°C (-101.2°F)
51.5°C (124.7°F)
1.19
21.3 kPa (160 mm Hg)
1.3 [Air = 1]
Not available.
>1 (Butyl acetate. = 1)
Soluble in the following materials: water
10 . Stability and reactivity
Chemical stability
Possibility of hazardous
reactions
: The product is stable.
: Under normal conditions of storage and use, hazardous reactions will not occur.
Hazardous polymerization
Conditions to avoid
Materials to avoid
Hazardous decomposition
products
Conditions of reactivity
:
:
:
:
Under normal conditions of storage and use, hazardous polymerization will not occur.
No specific data.
No specific data.
Under normal conditions of storage and use, hazardous decomposition products should
not be produced.
: Flammable hydrogen gas may be produced on prolonged contact with metals such as
aluminum, tin, lead and zinc.
Explosive in the presence of the following materials or conditions: metals.
11 . Toxicological information
Acute toxicity
Product/ingredient name
Hydrochloric Acid
Carcinogenicity
Classification
Product/ingredient name
Hydrochloric Acid
Test Route
LD50 Oral
LC50 Inhalation
Vapor
ACGIH
A4
No known significant effects or critical hazards.
Mutagenicity
No known significant effects or critical hazards.
Teratogenicity
No known significant effects or critical hazards.
Continued on next page
IARC
3
EPA
-
Species
Rabbit
Mouse
NIOSH
-
Result
900 mg/kg
1108 ppm
NTP
-
OSHA
-
Hydrochloric Acid
HX0603S
5/7
12 . Ecological information
Aquatic ecotoxicity
Product/ingredient name
Hydrochloric Acid
Environmental effects
Other adverse effects
Result
Acute LC50 282000 ug/L
Fresh water
Acute LC50 260000 ug/L
Marine water
Species
Fish - Western mosquitofish
- Gambusia affinis - Adult
Crustaceans - Common
shrimp, sand shrimp Crangon crangon - Adult
Acute LC50 240000 ug/L Crustaceans - Green or
Marine water
Europeon shore crab Carcinus maenas - Adult
: No known significant effects or critical hazards.
: No known significant effects or critical hazards.
Exposure
96 hours
48 hours
48 hours
13 . Disposal considerations
The information presented only applies to the material as supplied. The identification based on characteristic(s) or listing
may not apply if the material has been used or otherwise contaminated. It is the responsibility of the waste generator to
determine the toxicity and physical properties of the material generated to determine the proper waste identification and
disposal methods in compliance with applicable regulations. Disposal should be in accordance with applicable regional,
national and local laws and regulations.
14 . Transport information
Regulatory
information
UN number
Proper shipping
name
Classes
PG* Label
Additional
information
DOT Classification
UN1789
HYDROCHLORIC
ACID
8
II
Reportable quantity
5000 lbs. (2270 kg)
CORROSIVE
8
PG* : Packing group
15 . Regulatory information
United States
HCS Classification
U.S. Federal regulations
DEA List I Chemicals
(Precursor Chemicals)
DEA List II Chemicals
(Essential Chemicals)
: Highly toxic material
Corrosive material
Target organ effects
: United States inventory (TSCA 8b): This material is listed or exempted.
TSCA (Toxic Substance Control Act): This product is listed on the TSCA Inventory.
SARA 302/304/311/312 extremely hazardous substances: Hydrochloric Acid
SARA 302/304 emergency planning and notification: Hydrochloric Acid
SARA 302/304/311/312 hazardous chemicals: Hydrochloric Acid
SARA 311/312 MSDS distribution - chemical inventory - hazard identification:
Hydrochloric Acid : Immediate (acute) health hazard, Delayed (chronic) health hazard
Clean Water Act (CWA) 307: No products were found.
Clean Water Act (CWA) 311: Hydrochloric Acid
Clean Air Act (CAA) 112 accidental release prevention: Hydrochloric Acid
Clean Air Act (CAA) 112 regulated flammable substances: Hydrochloric Acid
Clean Air Act (CAA) 112 regulated toxic substances: Hydrochloric Acid
: Not listed
: Listed
SARA 313
Product name
Continued on next page
CAS number
Concentration
Hydrochloric Acid
HX0603S
6/7
15 . Regulatory information
Form R - Reporting
requirements
: Hydrochloric Acid
7647-01-0
100
Supplier notification
: Hydrochloric Acid
7647-01-0
100
SARA 313 notifications must not be detached from the MSDS and any copying and redistribution of the MSDS shall
include copying and redistribution of the notice attached to copies of the MSDS subsequently redistributed.
Massachusetts Substances : This material is listed.
New Jersey Hazardous
Substances
New York Acutely
Hazardous Substances
: This material is listed.
Pennsylvania RTK
Hazardous Substances
Canada
WHMIS (Canada)
: This material is listed.
Canadian lists
: This material is listed.
: Class D-1A: Material causing immediate and serious toxic effects (Very toxic).
Class E: Corrosive material
: CEPA Toxic substances: This material is not listed.
Canadian ARET: This material is not listed.
Canadian NPRI: This material is listed.
Alberta Designated Substances: This material is not listed.
Ontario Designated Substances: This material is not listed.
Quebec Designated Substances: This material is not listed.
CEPA DSL / CEPA NDSL
: This material is listed or exempted.
This product has been classified in accordance with the hazard criteria of the Controlled Products Regulations and the
MSDS contains all the information required by the Controlled Products Regulations.
EU regulations
Hazard symbol or symbols
Risk phrases
Safety phrases
International regulations
International lists
Continued on next page
:
: R23- Toxic by inhalation.
R35- Causes severe burns.
: S1/2- Keep locked up and out of the reach of children.
S9- Keep container in a well-ventilated place.
S26- In case of contact with eyes, rinse immediately with plenty of water and seek
medical advice.
S36/37/39- Wear suitable protective clothing, gloves and eye/face protection.
S45- In case of accident or if you feel unwell, seek medical advice immediately (show the
label where possible).
: Australia inventory (AICS): This material is listed or exempted.
China inventory (IECSC): This material is listed or exempted.
Japan inventory (ENCS): This material is listed or exempted.
Japan inventory (ISHL): Not determined.
Korea inventory (KECI): This material is listed or exempted.
New Zealand Inventory of Chemicals (NZIoC): This material is listed or exempted.
Philippines inventory (PICCS): This material is listed or exempted.
Hydrochloric Acid
HX0603S
7/7
16 . Other information
National Fire Protection
Association (U.S.A.)
:
Flammability
0
Health
3
0
Instability
Special
: Section 3 lists this product as 100% which indicates that it is a concentrated acid.
Other special
considerations
Notice to reader
The statements contained herein are based upon technical data that EMD Chemicals Inc. believes to be reliable,
are offered for information purposes only and as a guide to the appropriate precautionary and emergency handling
of the material by a properly trained person having the necessary technical skills. Users should consider these
data only as a supplement to other information gathered by them and must make independent determinations of
suitability and completeness of information from all sources to assure proper use, storage and disposal of these
materials and the safety and health of employees and customers and the protection of the environment. EMD
CHEMICALS INC. MAKES NO REPRESENTATION OR WARRANTY OF ANY KIND, EXPRESS OR IMPLIED,
INCLUDING MERCHANTABILITY OR FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR USE, WITH RESPECT TO THE INFORMATION
HEREIN OR THE PRODUCT TO WHICH THE INFORMATION REFERS.
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