American Water Heater | Ultra Low nox 100 series | Instruction manual | American Water Heater Ultra Low nox 100 series Instruction manual

American Water Heater Ultra Low nox 100 series Instruction manual
Instruction Manual
ULTRA LOW NOX COMMERCIAL GAS WATER HEATERS
MODELS BL-100
Series 100
INSTALLATION - OPERATION - SERVICE
- MAINTENANCE - LIMITED WARRANTY
500 Tennessee Waltz Parkway
Ashland City, TN 37015
Low Lead Content
WARNING: If the information in these
instructions is not followed exactly, a fire
or explosion may result causing property
damage, personal injury or death.
Do not store or use gasoline or other
flammable vapors and liquids in the
vicinity of this or any other appliance.
WHAT TO DO IF YOU SMELL GAS:
• Do not try to light any appliance.
• Do not touch any electrical switch;
not use any phone in your building.
Read and understand this instruction
manual and the safety messages
herein before installing, operating or
servicing this water heater.
do
• Immediately
call your gas supplier
from a neighbor’s phone. Follow the
gas supplier’s instructions.
Failure to follow these instructions and
safety messages could result in death
or serious injury.
• If you cannot
This manual must remain with the
water heater.
reach your gas supplier,
call the fire department.
Installation and service must be
performed by a qualified installer,
service agency or the gas supplier.
• For Your Safety •
AN ODORANT IS ADDED TO THE GAS USED
BY THIS WATER HEATER.
place these instructions adjacent to heater and notify owner to keep for future reference.
PRINTED 1112
Keep this manual in the pocket on heater for future reference
whenever maintenance adjustment or service is required.
1
324258-000
Table Of Contents
SAFE INSTALLATION, USE AND SERVICE...................... 3
Outdoor Air Through Two Horizontal Ducts................ 14
Approvals....................................................................... 3
Outdoor Air Through Two Vertical Ducts.................... 14
GENERAL SAFETY INFORMATION................................... 4
Air From Other Indoor Spaces................................... 14
INTRODUCTION................................................................. 5
Venting....................................................................... 14
Abbreviations Used...................................................... 5
Gas Piping.................................................................. 16
Qualified Installer or Service Agency........................... 5
Sediment Traps.......................................................... 17
Preparing for the New Installation................................ 5
LIGHTING & OPERATING INSTRUCTIONS.................... 18
INSTALLATION CONSIDERATIONS.............................. 6-9
TEMPERATURE REGULATION....................................... 19
Rough In Dimensions................................................... 6
FOR YOUR INFORMATION.............................................. 19
Thermometers.............................................................. 7
Facts to Consider About Location................................ 7
High Altitude................................................................. 8
Clearances................................................................... 8
Insulation Blankets....................................................... 9
Hard Water................................................................... 9
Circulation Pumps........................................................ 9
Gas Supply Systems.................................................. 10
Gas Pressure Requirements...................................... 10
Supply Gas Regulator................................................ 10
Mixing Valves............................................................. 10
Water Piping............................................................... 11
Closed Water Systems............................................... 11
Thermal Expansion.................................................... 11
Start Up Conditions.................................................... 19
Operational Conditions............................................... 20
PERIODIC MAINTENANCE.............................................. 21
Installation Requirements................................... 10
Venting System Inspection......................................... 21
Burner Inspection....................................................... 21
Burner Cleaning......................................................... 21
Housekeeping............................................................ 21
Anode Rod Inspection................................................ 22
Temperature-Pressure Relief Valve Test.................... 22
Recommended Procedure for Periodic
Removal of Lime Deposits from Tank
TYPE Commercial Water Heaters......................... 22
Deliming Solvents...................................................... 23
Tank Cleanout Procedure........................................... 23
Temperature - Pressure Relief Valve.......................... 11
Deliming Using Flo-Jug Method................................. 23
Filling the Water Heater.............................................. 12
Draining and Flushing................................................ 24
Air Requirements....................................................... 12
Service....................................................................... 24
Unconfined Space...................................................... 13
LEAKAGE CHECKPOINTS............................................... 25
Confined Space.......................................................... 13
TROUBLESHOOTING GUIDELINES................................ 26
Fresh Air Openings for Confined Spaces................... 13
Water Piping Diagrams........................................27-32
Outdoor Air Through Two Openings........................... 13
Notes.............................................................................. 33
Outdoor Air Through One Opening............................ 13
WARRANTY...................................................................... 35
2
Safe Installation, Use and Service
The proper installation, use and servicing of this water heater is extremely important to your safety and the safety of others.
Many safety-related messages and instructions have been provided in this manual and on your own water heater to warn you and
others of a potential injury hazard. Read and obey all safety messages and instructions throughout this manual. It is very important
that the meaning of each safety message is understood by you and others who install, use, or service this water heater.
This is the safety alert symbol. It is used to alert you to
potential personal injury hazards. Obey all safety
messages that follow this symbol to avoid possible
injury or death.
DANGER
DANGER indicates an imminently
hazardous situation which, if not avoided,
will result in injury or death.
WARNING
WARNING indicates a potentially hazardous
situation which, if not avoided, could result
in injury or death.
CAUTION
CAUTION indicates a potentially hazardous
situation which, if not avoided, could result in
minor or moderate injury.
CAUTION
CAUTION used without the safety alert
symbol indicates a potentially hazardous
situation which, if not avoided, could result in
property damage.
All safety messages will generally tell you about the type of hazard, what can happen if you do not follow the safety message, and
how to avoid the risk of injury.
The California Safe Drinking Water and Toxic Enforcement Act requires the Governor of California to publish a list of substances
known to the State of California to cause cancer, birth defects, or other reproductive harm, and requires businesses to warn of
potential exposure to such substances.
WARNING: This product contains a chemical known to the State of California to cause cancer, birth defects, or other reproductive
harm. This appliance can cause low level exposure to some of the substances listed in the Act.
APPROVALS
Low Lead Content
3
general safety INFORMATION
4
Introduction
It could cause DEATH, SERIOUS BODILY INJURY AND/OR
PROPERTY DAMAGE.
Thank You for purchasing this water heater. Properly installed and
maintained, it should give you years of trouble free service.
Abbreviations Used
Abbreviations Found In This Instruction Manual:
• UL - Underwriters Laboratories Inc.
• ANSI - American National Standards Institute
• NFPA - National Fire Protection Association
• ASME - American Society of Mechanical Engineers
• AHRI - Air-Conditioning, Heating and Refrigeration Institute
• CAN - Canada
• EPACT - Energy Policy Act
• CSA - Canadian Standards Association
This manual contains instructions for the installation,
operation, and maintenance of the gas-fired water heater. It
also contains warnings throughout the manual that you must
read and be aware of. All warnings and all instructions are
essential to the proper operation of the water heater and your
safety. Since we cannot put everything on the first few pages,
READ THE ENTIRE MANUAL BEFORE ATTEMPTING TO
INSTALL OR OPERATE THE WATER HEATER.
2. The installation must conform with these instructions and
the local code authority having jurisdiction. In the absence
of local codes, the installation must comply with the current
editions of the National Fuel Gas Code, ANSI Z223.1/
NFPA 54 or CAN/CSA-B149.1 the Natural Gas and Propane
Installation Code. All documents are available from the
Canadian Standards Association, 8501 East Pleasant Valley
Road, Cleveland, OH 44131. NFPA documents are also
available from the National Fire Protection Association, 1
Batterymarch Park, Quincy, MA 02269.
This gas-fired water heater is design certified by Underwriters
Laboratories Inc. under American National Standard/CSA Standard
for Gas Water Heaters ANSI Z21.10.3 • CSA 4.3 (current edition).
Qualified Installer or Service Agency
Installation and service of this water heater requires ability equivalent
to that of a Qualified Agency (as defined by ANSI below) in the field
involved. Installation skills such as plumbing, air supply, venting,
gas supply and electrical supply are required in addition to electrical
testing skills when performing service.
3. If after reading this manual you have any questions or do
not understand any portion of the instructions, call the local
gas utility or the manufacturer whose name appears on the
rating plate.
4. Carefully plan the place where you are going to put the
water heater. Correct combustion, vent action, and vent
pipe installation are very important in preventing death from
possible carbon monoxide poisoning and fires, see Figures
3 and 7.
ANSI Z223.1 2006 Sec. 3.3.83: “Qualified Agency” - “Any individual,
firm, corporation or company that either in person or through a
representative is engaged in and is responsible for (a) the installation,
testing or replacement of gas piping or (b) the connection, installation,
testing, repair or servicing of appliances and equipment; that is
experienced in such work; that is familiar with all precautions required;
and that has complied with all the requirements of the authority
having jurisdiction.”
Examine the location to ensure the water heater complies with
the “Locating the New Water Heater” section in this manual.
5. For California installation this water heater must be braced,
anchored, or strapped to avoid falling or moving during
an earthquake. See instructions for correct installation
procedures. Instructions may be obtained from California
Office of the State Architect, 400 P Street, Sacramento,
CA 95814.
If you are not qualified (as defined by ANSI above) and licensed or
certified as required by the authority having jurisdiction to perform a
given task do not attempt to perform any of the procedures described
in this manual. If you do not understand the instructions given in
this manual do not attempt to perform any procedures outlined in
this manual.
6. Massachusetts Code requires this water heater to be installed
in accordance with Massachusetts 248-CMR 2.00: State
Plumbing Code and 248-CMR 5.00.
Preparing For The Installation
1. Read the “General Safety” section, page 4 of this manual
first and then the entire manual carefully. If you don’t follow
the safety rules, the water heater will not operate properly. 7. Complies with SCAQMD rule #1146.2 and districts having
equivalent NOx requirements.
5
Installation considerationS
ROUGH IN DIMENSIONS
K
HOT WATER
OUTLET
TOP VIEW
K
COLD WATER
INLET
F
H
J
TEMPERATURE
AND PRESSURE
RELIEF VALVE
DRAIN
VALVE
D
COLD
HOT
C
C
B
A
DRAIN VALVE
L
GAS INLET
E
M
INSTALL IN ACCORDANCE WITH LOCAL CODES
FIGURE 1.
TABLE 1.
DIMENSIONS
ModelUnitsABCDEF
GHJ
KLM
BL-100
Inches
70 1/2
66 1/2
30 15/16
27 3/4 15 3/16
4
15 3/4
16
1 1/4
1 1/4
1/2
11 15/16
Natural CM 179.07168.9 78.59 70.5 38.6 10.240.040.63.2NPTNPT 30.3
RECOVERY RATINGS
INPUT RATE
BL-100
75,100 BTU/H
22
KW
°F
GPH
°C
LPH
Recovery in US Gallons/hr or Liters/hr at Indicated Temperature
30
40
50
60
70
80
90
100
246
184
148
123
105
92
82
74
17
22
28
33
39
44
50
56
927
695
557
462
397
347
309
278
Recovery ratings based on 81% thermal efficiency.
6
Rise in Fahrenheit or Celsius
110
120
130
140
67
62
57
53
61
67
72
78
252
233
214
198
THERMOMETERS (Not Supplied)
the structure. For this reason, it is not advisable to install water heater
in an attic or upper floor. When such locations cannot be avoided, a
suitable metal drain pan should be installed under the water heater.
Metal Drain pans are available at your local hardware store. Such a
metal drain pan must have a minimum length and width of at least
2” (51 mm) greater than water heater dimensions and must be piped
to an adequate drain. The pan must not restrict combustion air flow. Thermometers should be obtained and field installed.
Thermometers are installed in the system as a means of detecting
the temperature of the outlet water supply.
Water heater life depends upon water quality, water pressure and the
environment in which the water heater is installed. Water heaters are
sometimes installed in locations where leakage may result in property
damage, even with the use of a drain pan piped to a drain. However,
unanticipated damage can be reduced or prevented by a leak detector
or water shut-off device used in conjunction with a piped drain pan.
These devices are available from some plumbing supply wholesalers
and retailers, and detect and react to leakage in various ways:
• Sensors mounted in the drain pan that trigger an alarm or turn off
the incoming water to the water heater when leakage is detected.
• Sensors mounted in the drain pan that turn off the water supply
to the entire home when water is detected in the drain pan.
• Water supply shut-off devices that activate based on the water
pressure differential between the cold water and hot water pipes
connected to the water heater.
• Devices that will turn off the gas supply to a gas water heater
while at the same time shutting off its water supply.
This Water Heater has been design certified as complying with
ANSI Z21.10.3-CSA 4.3 current edition for water heaters and is
considered suitable for:
Water (Potable) Heating and Space Heating: All models are
considered suitable for water (potable) heating and space heating. HOTTER WATER CAN SCALD:
Water heaters are intended to produce hot water. Water heated to a
temperature which will satisfy space heating, clothes washing, dish
washing, and other sanitizing needs can scald and permanently injure
you upon contact. Some people are more likely to be permanently
injured by hot water than others. These include the elderly, children,
the infirm, or physically/mentally handicapped. If anyone using hot
water in your home fits into one of these groups or if there is a local
code requiring a certain temperature water at the hot water tap, then
you must take special precautions. In addition to using the lowest
possible temperature setting that satisfies your hot water needs,
a means such as a *Mixing Valve should be used at the hot water
taps used by these people or at the water heater. Mixing valves are
available at plumbing supply or hardware stores. Consult a qualified
installer or service agency. Follow mixing valve manufacturer’s
instructions for installation of valves. Before changing the factory
setting on the thermostat, read the “Temperature Regulation” section
in this manual, see Figures 17 and 18.
Facts to Consider About the Location
Carefully choose an indoor location for the new water heater,
because the placement is a very important consideration for
the safety of the occupants in the building and for the most
economical use of the water heater. This water heater is not
for use in manufactured (mobile) homes or outdoor installation.
Whether replacing an old water heater or putting the water heater
in a new location, the following critical points must be observed:
1. Select a location indoors as close as practical to the gas vent or
chimney to which the water heater vent is going to be connected,
and as centralized with the water piping system as possible. 2. Selected location must provide adequate clearances for
servicing and proper operation of the water heater.
INSTALLATIONS IN AREAS WHERE FLAMMABLE LIQUIDS
(VAPORS) ARE LIKELY TO BE PRESENT OR STORED (GARAGES,
STORAGE AND UTILITY AREAS, ETC.): Flammable liquids (such as
gasoline, solvents, propane [LP or butane, etc.] and other substances
such as adhesives, etc.) emit flammable vapors which can be ignited by
a gas water heater’s pilot light or main burner. The resulting flashback
and fire can cause death or serious burns to anyone in the area, as well
as property damage. If installation in such areas is your only option, then
installation must be accomplished in a way that the pilot flame and main
burner flame are elevated from floor at least 18 inches. While this may
reduce chances of flammable vapors, from a floor spill being ignited,
gasoline and other flammable substances should never be stored or
Installation of water heater must be accomplished in such a manner that
if the tank or any connections should leak, flow will not cause damage to
7
Clearances
used in the same room or area containing a gas water heater or other
open flame or spark producing appliance. NOTE: Flammable vapors may
be drawn by air currents from other areas of the structure to the appliance.
Minimum clearances between the water heater and combustible
construction are 0 inch at the sides and rear, 4” (102 mm) at the
front, and 6” (153 mm) from the vent pipe. Clearance from the top
of the jacket is 12” (305 mm) on most models.
Also, the water heater must be located and/or protected so it is not
subject to physical damage by a moving vehicle.
FIGURE 2.
This water heater must not be installed directly on carpeting. Carpeting
must be protected by metal or wood panel beneath the water heater
extending beyond the full width and depth of the water heater by at least
3” (76.2 mm) in any direction, or if the water heater is installed in an
alcove or closet, the entire floor must be covered by the panel. Failure
to heed this warning may result in a fire hazard.
high altitude
A gas water heater cannot operate properly without the correct
amount of air for combustion. Do not install in a confined area such
as a closet, unless you provide air as shown in the “Locating The
New Water Heater” section. Never obstruct the flow of ventilation
air. If you have any doubts or questions at all, call your gas supplier. Failure to provide the proper amount of combustion air can result
in a fire or explosion and cause death, serious bodily injury, or
property damage.
Water heaters covered in this manual have been tested and approved
for installation at elevations up to 7,700 feet (2,347 m) above sea
level. For installation above 7,700 feet (2,347 m), the water heater’s
Btu input should be reduced at the rate of 4 percent for each 1,000
feet (305 m) above sea level which requires replacement of the burner
orifice in accordance with the National Fuel Gas Code ANSI Z223.1/
NFPA 54 or the Natural Gas and Propane Installation Code CAN/
CSA B149.1. Contact your local gas supplier for further information.
Failure to replace the standard orifice with the proper high altitude
orifice when installed at elevations above 7,700 feet (2,347 m)
could result in improper and inefficient operation of the water heater,
producing carbon monoxide gas in excess of the safe limits. This
could result in serious injury or death. Contact your local gas supplier
for any specific changes that may be required in your area.
FIGURE 3.
If this water heater will be used in beauty shops, barber shops,
cleaning establishments, or self-service laundries with dry
cleaning equipment, it is imperative that the water heater or
water heaters be installed so that combustion and ventilation
air be taken from outside these areas. Propellants of aerosol sprays and volatile compounds, (cleaners,
chlorine based chemicals, refrigerants, etc.) in addition to being
highly flammable in many cases, will also change to corrosive
hydrochloric acid when exposed to the combustion products of
the water heater. The results can be hazardous, and also cause
product failure.
8
INSULATION BLANKETS
Circulation Pumps
A circulating pump is used when a system requires a circulating
loop or there is a storage tank used in conjunction with the
water heater. See Water Piping Diagrams in this manual for
installation location of circulating pumps.
Breathing Hazard - Carbon Monoxide Gas
See the Circulation Pump Wiring Diagrams below for electrical
hookup information. Install in accordance with the current
edition of the National Electrical Code, NFPA 70 or the
Canadian Electrical Code, CSA C22.1.
Do not obstruct water heater air intake
with insulating blanket.
Gas and carbon monoxide detectors
are available.
All bronze or stainless steel circulating pumps are recommended
for used with commercial water heaters.
Install water heater in accordance with
the instruction manual.
Breathing carbon monoxide can cause brain damage or
death. Always read and understand instruction manual.
Some circulating pumps are manufactured with sealed bearings
and do not require further lubrication. Some circulating pumps
must be periodically oiled. Refer to the pump manufacturer’s
instructions for lubrication requirements.
Insulation blankets are available to the general public for
external use on gas water heaters but are not necessary
with these products. The purpose of an insulation blanket is
to reduce the standby heat loss encountered with storage
tank heaters. The water heaters covered by this manual meet
or exceed the Energy Policy Act standards with respect to
insulation and standby heat loss requirements, making an
insulation blanket unnecessary.
CIRCULATING PUMP WIRING DIAGRAM
STORAGE TANK OR BUILDING RECIRCULATION
FIELD SUPPLIED TEMPERATURE CONTROL
INSTALLED IN THE STORAGE TANK
OR CIRCULATING LOOP RETURN LINE
NOTE: USE SEPARATE 120 VAC POWER
SUPPLY FOR PUMP CIRCUIT. DO NOT
SHARE POWER WITH WATER HEATER AS THIS
MAY CAUSE ELECTRICAL LINE NOISE AND
LEAD TO ERRATIC CONTROL SYSTEM
OPERATION.
Should you choose to apply an insulation blanket to this
heater, you should follow these instructions. See the Features
and Components section of this manual for identification
of components mentioned below. Failure to follow these
instructions can restrict the air flow required for proper
combustion, potentially resulting in fire, asphyxiation, serious
personal injury or death.
L1 HOT
120 VAC
POWER
• Do not apply insulation to the top of the water heater, as
this will interfere with safe operation of the draft hood.
CIRC
PUMP
MOTOR
L2 NEUTRAL
• Do not cover the thermostat or the TemperaturePressure Relief Valve.
FIGURE 4.
• Do not allow the insulation to come within 2 inches (5
cm) of the floor to prevent blockage of combustion air flow
to the burner.
CIRCULATING PUMP WIRING DIAGRAM
DISHWASHER LOOP WITH TOGGLE SWITCH
• Do not cover the instruction manual. Keep it on the side
of the water heater or nearby for future reference.
DISHWASHER
TOGGLE
SWITCH
• Do obtain new warning and instruction labels from the
manufacturer for placement on the blanket directly over
the existing labels.
FIELD SUPPLIED TEMPERATURE
CONTROL INSTALLED IN THE
CIRCULATING LOOP RETURN LINE
NOTE: USE SEPARATE 120 VAC POWER
SUPPLY FOR PUMP CIRCUIT. DO NOT
SHARE POWER WITH WATER HEATER AS
THIS MAY CAUSE ELECTRICAL LINE NOISE
AND LEAD TO ERRATIC CONTROL SYSTEM
OPERATION.
• Do inspect the insulation blanket frequently to make
certain it does not sag, thereby obstructing the
combustion air flow.
L1 HOT
Hard Water
120 VAC
POWER
Where hard water conditions exist, water softening or the threshold
type of water treatment is recommended. This will protect the
dishwashers, coffee urns, water heaters, water piping and other
equipment. See the Maintenance Section in this manual for
sediment and lime scale removal procedures.
CIRC
PUMP
MOTOR
L2 NEUTRAL
figure 5.
9
Installation requirements
Mixing Valves
GAS SUPPLY SYSTEMS
Low pressure building gas supply systems are defined as those
systems that cannot under any circumstances exceed 14” W.C.
(1/2 PSI Gauge). These systems do not require pressure regulation. Measurements should be taken to insure that gas pressures are stable
and fall within the requirements stated on the water heater rating plate.
readings should be taken with all gas burning equipment off (static
pressure) and with all gas burning equipment running at maximum rate
(dynamic pressure). The gas supply pressure must be stable within 1.5”
W.C. from static to dynamic pressure to provide good performance. Pressure drops that exceed 1.5” W.C. may cause rough starting, noisy
combustion or nuisance outages. Increases or spikes in static pressure
during off cycles may cause failure to ignite or in severe cases damage
to appliance gas valves. If your low pressure system does not meet these requirements, the installer is responsible for the corrections.
Water temperature over 125°F (52°C)
can cause severe burns instantly
resulting in severe injury or death.
Children, the elderly and the physically
or mentally disabled are at highest risk
for scald injury.
Feel water before bathing or showering.
Temperature limiting devices such as
mixing valves must be installed when
required by codes and to ensure safe
temperatures at fixtures.
Water heated to a temperature which will satisfy clothes washing, dish
washing, and other sanitizing needs can scald and cause permanent
injury upon contact. Short repeated heating cycles caused by small
hot water uses can cause temperatures at the point of use to exceed
the water heater’s temperature setting by up to 20°F (11°C).
High Pressure building supply systems use pressures that exceed
14” W.C. (1/2 PSI Gauge). These systems must use field supplied
regulators to lower the gas pressure to less than 14” W.C. (1/2 PSI
Gauge). Appliances require gas regulators that are properly sized for the
water heater input and deliver the rating plate specified pressures. Gas
supply systems where pressure exceeds 5 PSI often require multiple
regulators to achieve desired pressures. Systems in excess of 5 PSI
building pressure should be designed by gas delivery professionals
for best performance. Water heaters connected to gas supply systems
that exceed 14” W.C. (1/2 PSI Gauge) at any time must be equipped
with a gas supply regulator.
Some people are more likely to be permanently injured by hot water
than others. These include the elderly, children, the infirm and the
physically/mentally disabled. Table 2 shows the approximate timeto-burn relationship for normal adult skin. If anyone using hot water
provided by the water heater being installed fits into one of these
groups or if there is a local code or state law requiring a certain water
temperature at the point of use, then special precautions must be taken.
In addition to using the lowest possible temperature setting that
satisfies demand of the application a Mixing Valve should be installed
at the water heater or at hot water taps to further reduce system water
temperature. See Figure 6.
GAS PRESSURE REQUIREMENTS
Natural gas models require a minimum gas supply pressure of 4.5”
W.C. (1.12 kPa). Propane gas models require a minimum gas supply
pressure of 11” W.C. (2.74 kPa). The minimum supply pressure
is measured while gas is flowing (dynamic pressure). The supply pressure (dynamic) should never fall below the specified minimum
supply pressure. The supply pressure should be measured with all gas
fired appliances connected to the common main firing at full capacity. If
the supply pressure drops more than 1.5” W.C. (0.37 kPa) as gas begins
to flow to the water heater then the supply gas system including the
gas line and/or the gas regulator may be restricted or undersized. See
Supply Gas regulator section and Gas Piping section of this manual.
The gas valve on all models has a maximum gas supply pressure limit
of 14” W.C. (3.48 kPa) The maximum supply pressure is measured
while gas is not flowing (static pressure).
Mixing valves are available at plumbing supply stores. Consult
a Qualified Installer or Service Agency. Follow mixing valve
manufacturer’s instructions for installation of the valves.
Table 2.
SUPPLY GAS REGULATOR
The maximum allowable gas supply pressure for this water heater
is 14.0 inches W.C. (3.48 kPa). Install a positive lock-up gas pressure
regulator in the gas supply line if inlet gas pressure can exceed 14.0
inches W.C. (3.48 kPa) at any time. regulators must be sized/used
according to manufacturer’s specifications.
Water
Temperature °F
Time for
1st Degree Burn
(Less Severe Burns)
Time for Permanent Burns
2nd & 3rd Degree
(Most Severe Burns)
110
116
116
122
131
140
149
154
(normal shower temp.)
(pain threshold)
35 minutes
1 minute
5 seconds
2 seconds
1 second
instantaneous
45 minutes
5 minutes
25 seconds
5 seconds
2 seconds
1 second
(U.S. Government Memorandum, C.P.S.C., Peter L. Armstrong, Sept. 15,1978)
HOT WATER
OUTLET
If a positive lock-up regulator is required follow these instructions:
12” TO 15”
(30-38 cm)
1. Positive lock-up gas pressure regulators must be rated at or above
the input Btu/hr rating of the water heater they supply.
TEMPERED WATER
OUTLET
2. Positive lock-up gas pressure regulator(s) should be installed no
closer than 3 feet (1 meter) and no farther than 8 feet (2.4 meters)
of equivalent length from the water heater’s inlet gas connection.
3.
CHECK
VALVE
COLD
WATER
INLET
After installing the positive lock-up gas pressure regulator(s) an initial
nominal supply pressure setting of 7.0” W.C. while the water heater
is operating is recommended and will generally provide good
water heater operation. Some addition adjustment maybe required
later to maintain a steady gas supply pressure.
CHECK
VALVE
MIXING
VALVE
TO TANK
INLET
4. When installing multiple water heaters in the same gas supply
system it is recommended that individual positive lock-up gas
pressure regulators be installed at each unit.
Figure 6.
10
Water Piping
WATER (POTABLE) HEATING AND SPACE HEATING
This water heater shall not be connected to any heating systems
or component(s) used with a non-potable water heating appliance.
All piping components connected to this unit for space heating
applications shall be suitable for use with potable water.
Toxic chemicals, such as those used for boiler treatment shall not
be introduced into this system.
When the system requires water for space heating at temperatures
higher than required for domestic water purposes, a mixing valve
must be installed. Please refer to Figure 2 for suggested piping
arrangement.
FIGURE 7.
These water heaters cannot be used in space heating applications
only.
NOTE: To protect against untimely corrosion of hot and cold
water fittings, it is strongly recommended that di-electric unions
or couplings be installed on this water heater when connected to
copper pipe.
Closed Water Systems
Water supply systems may, because of code requirements or
such conditions as high line pressure, among others, have
installed devices such as pressure reducing valves, check
valves, and back flow preventers. Devices such as these cause
the water system to be a closed system.
Figure 7 shows the typical attachment of the water piping to
the water heater. The water heater is equipped with 1.25” NPT
threaded nipple water connections.
Temperature-Pressure Relief Valve
Thermal Expansion
As water is heated, it expands (thermal expansion). In a closed
system the volume of water will grow when it is heated. As the
volume of water grows there will be a corresponding increase in
water pressure due to thermal expansion. Thermal expansion
can cause premature tank failure (leakage). This type of failure
is not covered under the limited warranty. Thermal expansion
can also cause intermittent Temperature-Pressure Relief Valve
operation: water discharged from the valve due to excessive
pressure build up. This condition is not covered under the limited
warranty. The Temperature-Pressure Relief Valve is not intended
for the constant relief of thermal expansion.
Explosion Hazard
Temperature-Pressure Relief Valve
must comply with ANSI Z21.22CSA 4.4 and ASME code.
Properly sized temperaturepressure relief valve must be
installed in opening provided.
Can result in overheating and
excessive tank pressure.
A properly sized thermal expansion tank must be installed on
all closed systems to control the harmful effects of thermal
expansion. Contact a local plumbing service agency to have a
thermal expansion tank installed.
Can cause serious injury or death.
This water heater is provided with a properly rated/sized and
certified combination Temperature-Pressure Relief Valve (T&P
valve) by the manufacturer. The valve is certified by a nationally
recognized testing laboratory that maintains periodic inspection
of production of listed equipment of materials as meeting the
requirements for Relief Valves for Hot Water Supply Systems,
ANSI Z21.22 • CSA 4.4, and the code requirements of ASME.
If replaced, the new T&P valve must meet the requirements of
local codes, but not less than a combination Temperature-Pressure
Relief Valve rated/sized and certified as indicated in the above
paragraph. The new valve must be marked with a maximum set
pressure not to exceed the marked hydrostatic working pressure
of the water heater (150 psi = 1,035 kPa) and a discharge capacity
not less than the water heater Btu/hr or kW input rate as shown
on the water heater’s model rating label.
11
Note: In addition to the factory installed Temperature-Pressure
Relief Valve on the water heater, each remote storage tank that
may be installed and piped to a water heating appliance must also
have its own properly sized, rated and approved TemperaturePressure Relief Valve installed. Call the toll free technical support
phone number listed on the back cover of this manual for technical
assistance in sizing a Temperature-Pressure Relief Valve for remote
storage tanks.
For safe operation of the water heater, the Temperature-Pressure
Relief Valve must not be removed from its designated opening nor
plugged. The Temperature-Pressure Relief Valve must be installed
directly into the fitting of the water heater designed for the relief valve.
Install discharge piping so that any discharge will exit the pipe within
6 inches (15.2 cm) above an adequate floor drain, or external to the
building. In cold climates it is recommended that it be terminated at
an adequate drain inside the building. Be certain that no contact is
made with any live electrical part. The discharge opening must not
be blocked or reduced in size under any circumstances. Excessive
length, over 30 feet (9.14 m), or use of more than four elbows can
cause restriction and reduce the discharge capacity of the valve.
No valve or other obstruction is to be placed between the
Temperature-Pressure Relief Valve and the tank. Do not connect
discharge piping directly to the drain unless a 6” (15.2 cm) air gap is
provided. To prevent bodily injury, hazard to life, or property damage,
the relief valve must be allowed to discharge water in adequate
quantities should circumstances demand. If the discharge pipe is
not connected to a drain or other suitable means, the water flow
may cause property damage.
CAUTION
Water Damage Hazard
•
Temperature-Pressure Relief Valve discharge
pipe must terminate at adequate drain.
T&P Valve Discharge Pipe Requirements:
• Shall not be smaller in size than the outlet pipe size of the valve,
or have any reducing couplings or other restrictions.
• Shall not be plugged or blocked.
• Shall not be exposed to freezing temperatures.
• Shall be of material listed for hot water distribution.
• Shall be installed so as to allow complete drainage of both the
Temperature-Pressure Relief Valve and the discharge pipe.
• Must terminate a maximum of six inches above a floor drain
or external to building. In cold climates, it is recommended
that discharge pipe be terminated at an adequate drain inside
building.
• Shall not have any valve or other obstruction between the
relief valve and the drain.
Note: The purpose of a Temperature-Pressure Relief Valve is to
prevent excessive temperatures and pressures in the storage tank.
The T&P valve is not intended for the constant relief of thermal
expansion. A properly sized thermal expansion tank must be installed
on all closed systems to control thermal expansion, see Closed
Water Systems and Thermal Expansion on page 11.
If you do not understand these instructions or have any questions
regarding the Temperature-Pressure Relief Valve call the toll free number
listed on the back cover of this manual for technical assistance.
Filling the Water Heater
Never use this water heater unless it is completely full of water. To
prevent damage to the tank, the tank must be filled with water. Water
must flow from the hot water faucet before turning “ON” gas to the
water heater.
To fill the water heater with water:
1. Close the water heater drain valve by turning the handle to the
right (clockwise). The drain valve is on the lower front of the water
heater.
2. Open the cold water supply valve to the water heater. NOTE: The cold water supply valve must be left open when the
water heater is in use.
3. To insure complete filling of the tank, allow air to exit by opening the
nearest hot water faucet. Allow water to run until a constant flow is
obtained. This will let air out of the water heater and the piping.
4. Check all water piping and connections for leaks. Repair as
needed.
Air Requirements
Breathing Hazard - Carbon Monoxide Gas
Install water heater in accordance with
the Instruction Manual and NFPA 54 or
CAN/CSA-B149.1.
To avoid injury, combustion and ventilation
air must be taken from outdoors.
Do not place chemical vapor emitting
products near water heater.
Burn hazard.
Hot water discharge.
Keep clear of TemperaturePressure Relief Valve
discharge outlet.
The Temperature-Pressure Relief Valve must be manually operated
at least twice a year. Caution should be taken to ensure that (1) no
one is in front of or around the outlet of the Temperature-Pressure
Relief Valve discharge line, and (2) the water manually discharged
will not cause any bodily injury or property damage because
the water may be extremely hot. If after manually operating the
valve, it fails to completely reset and continues to release water,
immediately close the cold water inlet to the water heater, follow the
draining instructions in this manual, and replace the TemperaturePressure Relief Valve with a properly rated/sized new one.
Breathing carbon monoxide can cause brain damage or
death. Always read and understand instruction manual.
For safe operation an adequate supply of fresh uncontaminated air for
combustion and ventilation must be provided.
An insufficient supply of air can cause recirculation of combustion
products resulting in contamination that may be hazardous to life.
Such a condition often will result in a yellow, luminous burner flame,
causing sooting of the combustion chamber, burners and flue tubes
and creates a risk of asphyxiation.
Do not install the water heater in a confined space unless an adequate
supply of air for combustion and ventilation is brought in to that space
using the methods described in the Confined Space section that follows.
Never obstruct the flow of ventilation air. If you have any doubts or
questions at all, call your gas supplier. Failure to provide the proper
12
Outdoor Air Through Two Openings
amount of combustion air can result in a fire or explosion and cause property
damage, serious bodily injury or death.
Unconfined Space
An Unconfined Space is one whose volume is not less than 50
cubic feet per 1,000 Btu/hr (4.8 cubic meters per kW) of the
total input rating of all appliances installed in the space. Rooms
communicating directly with the space, in which the appliances
are installed, through openings not furnished with doors, are
considered a part of the unconfined space.
Makeup air requirements for the operation of exhaust fans, kitchen
ventilation systems, clothes dryers and fireplaces shall also be
considered in determining the adequacy of a space to provide
combustion, ventilation and dilution air.
Unusually Tight Construction
In unconfined spaces in buildings, infiltration may be adequate to
provide air for combustion, ventilation and dilution of flue gases.
However, in buildings of unusually tight construction (for example,
weather stripping, heavily insulated, caulked, vapor barrier, etc.)
additional air must be provided using the methods described in
the Confined Space section that follows.
Figure 8.
Confined Space
The confined space shall be provided with two permanent
openings, one commencing within 12 inches (300 mm) of the top
and one commencing within 12 inches (300 mm) of the bottom of
the enclosure. The openings shall communicate directly with the
outdoors. See Figure 8.
A Confined Space is one whose volume is less than 50 cubic feet per
1,000 Btu/hr (4.8 cubic meters per kW) of the total input rating of all
appliances installed in the space.
Openings must be installed to provide fresh air for combustion, ventilation
and dilution in confined spaces. The required size for the openings is
dependent on the method used to provide fresh air to the confined space
and the total Btu/hr input rating of all appliances installed in the space.
Each opening shall have a minimum free area of 1 square inch per
4,000 Btu/hr (550 mm2 per kW) of the aggregate input rating of all
appliances installed in the enclosure. Each opening shall not be less
than 100 square inches (645 cm2).
Direct Vent Appliances
Outdoor Air Through One Opening
Appliances installed in a Direct Vent configuration that derive all
air for combustion from the outdoor atmosphere through sealed
intake air piping are not factored in the total appliance input Btu/hr
calculations used to determine the size of openings providing fresh
air into confined spaces.
Exhaust Fans
Where exhaust fans are installed, additional air shall be provided
to replace the exhausted air. When an exhaust fan is installed in
the same space with a water heater, sufficient openings to provide
fresh air must be provided that accommodate the requirements
for all appliances in the room and the exhaust fan. Undersized
openings will cause air to be drawn into the room through the water
heater’s vent system causing poor combustion. Sooting, serious
damage to the water heater and the risk of fire or explosion may
result. It can also create a risk of asphyxiation.
Louvers and Grilles
The free areas of the fresh air openings in the instructions that follow do not
take in to account the presence of louvers, grilles or screens in the openings.
The required size of openings for combustion, ventilation and dilution
air shall be based on the “net free area” of each opening. Where the
free area through a design of louver or grille or screen is known, it shall
be used in calculating the size of opening required to provide the free
area specified. Where the louver and grille design and free area are not
known, it shall be assumed that wood louvers will have 25% free area
and metal louvers and grilles will have 75% free area. Non motorized
louvers and grilles shall be fixed in the open position.
Figure 9.
Alternatively a single permanent opening, commencing within 12
inches (300 mm) of the top of the enclosure, shall be provided. See
Figure 9. The water heater shall have clearances of at least 1 inch
(25 mm) from the sides and back and 6 inches (150 mm) from the
front of the appliance. The opening shall directly communicate with
the outdoors or shall communicate through a vertical or horizontal duct
to the outdoors or spaces that freely communicate with the outdoors
and shall have a minimum free area of the following:
Fresh Air Openings For Confined Spaces
The following instructions shall be used to calculate the size,
number and placement of openings providing fresh air for
combustion, ventilation and dilution in confined spaces. The
illustrations shown in this section of the manual are a reference
for the openings that provide fresh air into confined spaces
only. Do not refer to these illustrations for the purpose of vent
installation. See Venting Installation on page 18 for complete
venting installation instructions.
1.
1 square inch per 3000 Btu/hr (733 mm2 per kW) of the total
input rating of all appliances located in the enclosure, and
2. Not less than the sum of the areas of all vent connectors in
the space.
13
Outdoor Air Through Two Horizontal Ducts
enclosure. The vertical ducts shall communicate directly with the
outdoors. See Figure 11.
Each duct opening shall have a minimum free area of 1 square inch
per 4,000 Btu/hr (550 mm2 per kW) of the aggregate input rating of
all appliances installed in the enclosure.
When ducts are used, they shall be of the same cross sectional area
as the free area of the openings to which they connect. The minimum
dimension of rectangular air ducts shall be not less than 3 inches.
Air From Other Indoor Spaces
Figure 10.
The confined space shall be provided with two permanent horizontal
ducts, one commencing within 12 inches (300 mm) of the top and
one commencing within 12 inches (300 mm) of the bottom of the
enclosure. The horizontal ducts shall communicate directly with the
outdoors. See Figure 10.
Each duct opening shall have a minimum free area of 1 square inch
per 2,000 Btu/hr (1100 mm2 per kW) of the aggregate input rating of
all appliances installed in the enclosure.
Figure 12.
When ducts are used, they shall be of the same cross sectional area
as the free area of the openings to which they connect. The minimum
dimension of rectangular air ducts shall be not less than 3 inches.
The confined space shall be provided with two permanent openings,
one commencing within 12 inches (300 mm) of the top and one
commencing within 12 inches (300 mm) of the bottom of the enclosure.
See Figure 12.
Outdoor Air Through Two Vertical Ducts
Each opening shall communicate directly with an additional room(s)
of sufficient volume so that the combined volume of all spaces meets
the criteria for an Unconfined Space.
The illustrations shown in this section of the manual are a
reference for the openings that provide fresh air into confined
spaces only.
Each opening shall have a minimum free area of 1 square inch per
1,000 Btu/hr (2200 mm2 per kW) of the aggregate input rating of all
appliances installed in the enclosure. Each opening shall not be less
than 100 square inches (645 cm2).
Do not refer to these illustrations for the purpose of vent
installation. See Venting Installation on page 18 for complete
venting installation instructions.
Venting
Figure 11.
The confined space shall be provided with two permanent vertical
ducts, one commencing within 12 inches (300 mm) of the top and
one commencing within 12 inches (300 mm) of the bottom of the
14
If the water heater is being installed as a replacement for an
existing heater in pre-existing venting, a thorough inspection of
existing venting system must be performed prior to any installation
work.
The vent pipe from the water heater must be no less than the
diameter of the draft hood outlet on the water heater and must
slope upward at least 1/4 inch per linear foot (21 mm per meter).
See Figure 14.
VENT DAMPERS - Any vent damper, whether it is operated
thermally or otherwise must be removed if its use inhibits proper
drafting of the water heater.
All vent gases must be completely vented to the outdoors of the
structure (dwelling). Install only the draft hood provided with the
new water heater and no other draft hood.
Thermally Operated Vent Dampers: this gas-fired water heater
has a thermal efficiency at or above 80% which may produce
a relatively low flue gas temperature. Such temperatures may
not be high enough to properly open thermally operated vent
dampers. This would cause spillage of the flue gases and may
cause carbon monoxide poisoning. Vent dampers must bear
evidence of certification as complying with the current edition of
the American National Standard ANSI Z21.66 CGA 6.14 (covering
electrically and mechanically actuated vent dampers). Before
installation of any vent damper, consult the local gas utility for
further information.
Vent pipes must be secured at each joint with sheet metal screws.
To insure proper venting of this gas-fired water heater, the correct
vent pipe diameter must be utilized. Any additions or deletions
of other gas appliances on a common vent with this water heater
may adversely affect the operation of the water heater. Consult
your gas supplier if any such changes are planned.
FIGURE 14.
There must be a minimum of 6” (153 mm) clearance between single
wall vent pipe and any combustible material. Fill and seal any
clearance between single wall vent pipe and combustible material
with mortar mix, cement, or other noncombustible substance. For
other than single wall, follow vent pipe manufacturer’s clearance
specifications. To insure a tight fit of the vent pipe in a brick chimney,
seal around the vent pipe with mortar mix cement.
For proper venting in certain installations, a larger diameter vent
pipe may be necessary. Consult your gas supplier to aid you in
determining the proper venting for your water heater from the vent
tables in the current edition of the National Fuel Gas Code ANSI
Z223.1/NFPA 54 or the Natural Gas and Propane Installation
Code CAN\CSA B 149.1.
Failure to have required clearances between vent piping and
combustible material will result in a fire hazard.
Periodically check the venting system for signs of obstruction or
deterioration and replace if needed.
Be sure vent pipe is properly connected to prevent escape of
dangerous flue gases which could cause deadly asphyxiation.
The combustion and ventilation air flow must not be obstructed.
The water heater with draft hood installed must be connected
to a chimney or listed vent pipe system, which terminates to the
outdoors. Never operate the water heater unless it is vented to the
outdoors and has adequate air supply to avoid risks of improper
operation, explosion or asphyxiation.
Align the legs of the draft hood with the slots provided. Insert
the legs and secure the draft hood to the water heater’s top
with the four screws provided as shown in Figure 13. Do not
alter the draft hood in any way. If you are replacing an existing
water heater, be sure to use the new draft hood supplied with
the water heater.
Obstructed or deteriorated vent systems may present serious
health risk or asphyxiation.
SHEET METAL SCREWS (FOUR PROVIDED)
DRAFT HOOD
LEGS
LEGS
SLOT
SLOT
Chemical vapor corrosion of the flue and vent system may occur
if air for combustion contains certain chemical vapors. Spray can
propellants, cleaning solvents, refrigerator and air conditioner
refrigerants, swimming pool chemicals, calcium and sodium
chloride, waxes, bleach and process chemicals are typical
compounds which are potentially corrosive.
JACKET TOP
INSTALL THE DRAFT HOOD WITH
THE FOUR SCREWS PROVIDED.
FIGURE 13.
15
Gas Piping
TABLE 4.
LENGTH
IN
METERS
Contact your local gas service company to ensure that adequate
gas service is available and to review applicable installation codes
for your area.
Size the main gas line in accordance with Table 3. The figures shown
are for straight lengths of pipe at 0.5 in. W.C. pressure drop, which is
considered normal for low pressure systems. Note: Fittings such as
elbows, tees and line regulators will add to the pipe pressure drop.
Also refer to the current editions of the National Fuel Gas Code (NFPA
54) or Natural Gas and Propane Installation Code (CAN/CSA B149.1).
Make sure gas supplied is same type listed on model rating plate. The
inlet gas pressure must not exceed 14 inch water column (2.6 kPa)
for natural and propane (L.P.) gas. The minimum inlet gas pressure
shown on rating plate is that which will permit firing at rated input.
If the gas control valve is subjected to pressures exceeding 1/2 pound
per square inch (3.5 kPa), the damage to the gas control valve could
result in a fire or explosion from leaking gas.
If the main gas line shut-off serving all gas appliances is used, also
turn “off” the gas at each appliance. Leave all gas appliances shut
“off” until the water heater installation is complete.
A gas line of sufficient size must be run to the water heater. Consult
the current edition of National Fuel Gas Code ANSI Z223.1/NFPA 54
or the Natural Gas and Propane Installation Code CAN/CSA B149.1
and your gas supplier concerning pipe size.
There must be:
• A readily accessible manual shut off valve in the gas supply line
serving the water heater, and
• A sediment trap ahead of the gas control valve to help prevent dirt
and foreign materials from entering the gas control valve.
• A flexible gas connector or a ground joint union between the shut
off valve and control valve to permit servicing of the unit.
Be sure to check all the gas piping for leaks before lighting the water
heater. Use a soapy water solution, not a match or open flame. Rinse
off soapy solution and wipe dry.
NOMINAL IRON PIPE SIZES (INCHES)
INPUT IN KW
1/2"
3/4"
1"
1 1/4"
1 1/2"
2"
2 1/2"
3"
3
51
105
199
410
615
1160
1845
3221
6735
4"
6
35
73
142
278
428
805
1277
2255
4626
9
28
59
110
225
346
644
1031
1830
3748
12
24
50
94
193
290
556
878
1552
3192
15
21
44
83
170
264
492
776
1391
2840
18
19
40
76
155
237
445
703
1259
2577
21
18
37
70
143
220
410
659
1142
2372
24
17
35
64
135
202
381
600
1083
2196
27
16
32
60
126
190
357
571
1010
2108
31
15
30
57
117
182
337
542
952
1962
38
13
27
51
105
161
299
483
864
1757
46
12
25
47
95
146
278
439
776
1610
53
11
23
42
88
135
249
401
717
1464
61
10
21
40
82
126
234
375
688
1347
Use pipe joint compound or teflon tape marked as being resistant to
the action of petroleum [Propane (L.P.)] gases.
The water heater and its gas connection must be leak tested before
placing the water heater in operation.
The water heater and its individual shut-off valve shall be
disconnected from the gas supply piping system during any pressure
testing of that system at test pressures in excess of 1/2 pound per
square inch (3.5 kPa). It shall be isolated from the gas supply piping
system by closing its individual manual shut-off valve during any
pressure testing of the gas supply piping system at test pressures
equal to or less than 1/2 pound per square inch (3.5 kPa).
Connecting the gas piping to the gas control valve of the water heater
can be accomplished by either of the two methods shown in Figures
15 and 16.
The minimum inlet gas pressure shown on the rating plate is that
which will permit firing at the rated input.
TABLE 3. GAS SUPPLY LINE SIZES (IN INCHES)*
MAXIMUM CAPACITY OF PIPE IN CUBIC FEET PER HOUR
LENGTH
IN
FEET
NOMINAL IRON PIPE SIZES (INCHES)
INPUT IN THOUSANDS (BTU/HR)
1/2"
3/4"
1"
1 1/4"
1 1/2"
2"
2 1/2"
3"
10
175
360
680
1400
2100
3960
6300
11000
23000
4"
20
120
250
465
950
1460
2750
4360
7700
15800
30
97
200
375
770
1180
2200
3520
6250
12800
40
82
170
320
660
990
1900
3000
5300
10900
50
73
151
285
580
900
1680
2650
4750
9700
60
66
138
260
530
810
1520
2400
4300
8800
70
61
125
240
490
750
1400
2250
3900
8100
80
57
118
220
460
690
1300
2050
3700
7500
90
53
110
205
430
650
1220
1950
3450
7200
100
50
103
195
400
620
1150
1850
3250
6700
125
44
93
175
360
550
1020
1650
2950
6000
150
40
84
160
325
500
950
1500
2650
5500
175
37
77
145
300
460
850
1370
2450
5000
200
35
72
135
280
430
800
1280
2280
4600
FIGURE 15. GAS PIPING WITH FLEXIBLE CONNECTOR.
FIGURE 16. GAS PIPING WITH ALL
BLACK IRON PIPE TO GAS CONTROL.
16
SEDIMENT TRAPS
Contaminants in the gas lines may cause improper operation of
the gas control valve that may result in fire or explosion. Before
attaching the gas line be sure that all gas pipe is clean on the
inside. To trap any dirt or foreign material in the gas supply line,
a sediment trap must be incorporated in the piping. The sediment
trap must be readily accessible. Install in accordance with the
“Gas Piping” section. Refer to the current edition of the National
Fuel Gas Code, ANSI Z223.1/NFPA 54 or the Natural Gas and
Propane Installation Code CAN/CSA B149.1.
A sediment trap shall be installed as close to the inlet of the water
heater as practical at the time of water heater installation. The
sediment trap shall be either a tee fitting with a capped nipple
in the bottom outlet or other device recognized as an effective
sediment trap. If a tee fitting is used, it shall be installed in
conformance with one of the methods of installation shown in
the Figures 15 and 16.
17
FOR YOUR SAFETY READ BEFORE LIGHTING
WARNING: If you do not follow these instructions exactly, a
fire or explosion may result causing property damage, personal
injury or loss of life.
FLAMMABLE
BEFORE LIGHTING: ENTIRE SYSTEM MUST BE FILLED WITH WATER AND AIR PURGED FROM ALL LINES
A. This appliance has a pilot which is lit by a piezo-
If you cannot reach your gas supplier, call the fire
department.
C. Use only your hand to push down or turn the gas
electric spark gas ignition system. When lighting
the pilot, follow these instructions exactly.
B. BEFORE LIGHTING smell all around the
appliance area for gas. Be sure to smell next
to the floor because some gas is heavier than
air and will settle on the floor.
control knob. Never use tools. If the knob will
not push down or turn by hand, don't try to repair
it, call a qualified service technician. Force or
attempted repair may result in fire or explosion.
WHAT TO DO IF YOU SMELL GAS
Do not try to light any appliance.
Do not touch any electric switch; do not use any
phone in your building.
D. Do not use this appliance if any part has been
under water. Immediately contact a qualified
installer or service agency to replace a flooded
water heater. Do not attempt to repair the unit!
It must be replaced!
Immediately call your gas supplier from a neighbor's
phone. Follow the gas supplier's instructions.
PILOT
"PILOT" POSITION
TOP KNOB
STOP! Read the safety information
above on this label.
2. Set the thermostat to the lowest setting by turning
thermostat dial fully clockwise
until it stops.
3. Push the gas control knob down slightly and turn
clockwise
to "OFF". SEE FIGURE 'A'.
NOTE: Knob cannot be turned from "PILOT" to "OFF"
unless knob is pushed down slightly. Do not force.
4. Remove the outer door located below
the gas control unit.
5. Wait five (5) minutes to clear out any gas. If you
then smell gas,
STOP! Follow "B" in the
safety information
above on this label. If
you do not smell gas,
go to next step.
6. This unit is equipped with a push button pilot ignitor,
which is used to light the pilot. Locate the ignitor
on the gas control.
7. Turn gas control knob counterclockwise
to "PILOT". SEE FIGURE 'B'.
8. The pilot is located on the left front corner of the burner.
It can be located by looking through the sight glass to
the left while pressing the piezo ignitor button
several times. Look for a spark at the pilot location .
1.
OFF
OFF
PILOT
MAIN BURNER
ON
THERMOSTAT
DIAL
PILOT
"OFF" POSITION
THERMOCOUPLE &
BURNER TUBEPILOT
FIGURE 'C'
ON
GAS CONTROL
FIGURE 'B'
ON
PIEZO
IGNITOR
GENERATOR
FIGURE 'A'
OFF
GAS CONTROL
KNOB
LIGHTING INSTRUCTIONS
"ON" POSITION
FIGURE "D"
9. Once the pilot has been found, push the gas knob
all the way down. Immediately press the pilot ignitor
button rapidly (4) to (5) times. If the pilot does not
light, repeat step (3) through (9).
10. Continue to hold the gas control knob down for about
one (1) minute after the pilot is lit. Release the gas
control knob and it will pop back up. Pilot should
remain lit. If it goes out , repeat step (3) through (9).
It may take several minutes for air to clear the lines
before the pilot will light.
If knob does not pop up when released, stop and
immediately call your service technician or gas
supplier.
If the pilot will not stay lit after several tries,
turn the gas control knob clockwise to 'OFF' and
call your service technician or gas supplier.
SEE FIGURE 'A'
11. Replace the outer door.
12. At arm's length away, turn gas control knob
counterclockwise
to 'ON'. SEE FIGURE 'C'.
13. Set thermostat to desired setting.
DANGER: Hotter water increases the risk
of scald injury. Consult the instruction
manual before changing temperature.
TO TURN OFF GAS TO APPLIANCE
1. S e t t h e t h e r m o s t a t t o l o w e s t s e t t i n g .
2. Push gas control knob down slightly and turn clockwise
to 'OFF'. Do not force. SEE FIGURE 'A'.
18
TEMPERATURE REGULATION
Short repeated heating cycles caused by small hot water uses can
cause temperatures at the point of use to exceed the thermostat
setting by up to 30°F (16.7°C). If you experience this type of use
you should consider using lower temperature settings to reduce
scald hazards.
Never allow small children to use a hot water tap, or to draw their own
bath water. Never leave a child or handicapped person unattended
in a bathtub or shower.
Any water heater’s intended purpose is to heat water. Hot water
is needed for cleansing, cleaning, and sanitizing (bodies, dishes,
clothing). Untempered hot water can present a scald hazard. Depending on the time element, and the people involved (adults,
children, elderly, infirm, etc.) scalding may occur at different
temperatures.
The thermostat of this water heater has been factory set at its lowest
position (pilot lighting). It is adjustable and must be reset to
the desired temperature setting to reduce the risk of scald injury. The mark ( ) indicative of approximately 120°F (49°C) is preferred
starting point. Some States have a requirement for a lower setting.
NOTE: A water temperature range of 120°F-140°F (49°C-60°C) is
recommended by most dishwasher manufacturers.
) to decrease the
Turn the water temperature dial clockwise (
) to increase the temperature.
temperature, or counterclockwise (
Should overheating occur or the gas supply fail to shut off, turn off the
manual gas control valve to the water heater.
HOTTER WATER CAN SCALD: Water heaters are intended to produce
hot water. Water heated to a temperature which will satisfy space
heating, clothes washing, dish washing, and other sanitizing needs
can scald and permanently injure you upon contact. Some people
are more likely to be permanently injured by hot water than others. These include the elderly, children, the infirm, or physically/mentally
handicapped. If anyone using hot water in your home fits into one of
these groups or if there is a local code or state law requiring a certain
temperature water at the hot water tap, then you must take special
precautions. In addition to using the lowest possible temperature
setting that satisfies your hot water needs, a means such as a mixing
valve should be used at the hot water taps used by these people or
at the water heater. Mixing valves are available at plumbing supply or
hardware stores, see Figure 2. Follow manufacturer’s instructions for
installation of the valves. Before changing the factory setting on the
thermostat, read the “Temperature Regulation” section in this manual,
see Figures 17 and 18.
FIGURE 17.
Temperature
Time to Produce 2nd & 3rd
Setting
Degree Burns on Adult Skin
VERY HOT = APPROX.180°F (82°C)
Nearly instantaneous
D = APPROX.160°F (71°C)
About 1/2 second
C = APPROX.150°F (65°C)
About 1-1/2 seconds
B = APPROX.140°F (60°C)
Less than 5 seconds
A = APPROX.130°F (54°C)
About 30 seconds
= APPROX.120°F (49°C)
LOW = APPROX.100°F (37.8°C)
More than 5 minutes
--------
FIGURE 18.
FOR YOUR INFORMATION
START UP CONDITIONS
appear to be leaking when in fact the water is condensation. This
usually happens when:
DRAFT HOOD OPERATION
a. A new water heater is filled with cold water for the first time.
Check draf t hood operation by per for ming a worst c ase
depressurization of the building. With all doors and windows
closed, and with all air handling equipment and exhaust fans
operating such as furnaces, clothes dryers, range hoods and
bathroom fans, a match flame should still be drawn into the draft
hood of the water heater with its burner firing. If the flame is not
drawn toward the draft hood, shut off water heater and make
necessary air supply changes to correct.
b. Burning gas produces water vapor in water heaters, particularly
high efficiency models where flue temperatures are lower.
c. Large amounts of hot water are used in a short time and the
refill water in the tank is very cold.
Moisture from the products of combustion condense on the cooler
tank surfaces and form drops of water which may fall onto the
burner or other hot surfaces to produce a “sizzling” or “frying” noise.
CONDENSATION
Excessive condensation can cause pilot outage due to water
running down the flue tube onto the main burner and putting out
the pilot.
Whenever the water heater is filled with cold water, some
condensate will form while the burner is on. A water heater may
19
Operational Conditions
CHECKING GAS INPUT
With this heater in operation, determine whether it is receiving the
full rated input of gas. This may be done by timing the gas meter
and measuring gas pressure with a gauge or manometer. When the
heater is operating at full capacity (full gas input) it should consume
approximately 1 cubic foot of gas in the time shown in Table 5.
Smelly Water
In each water heater there is installed at least one anode rod (see
parts section) for corrosion protection of the tank. Certain water
conditions will cause a reaction between this rod and the water.
The most common complaint associated with the anode rod is one
of a “rotten egg smell” in the hot water. This odor is derived from
hydrogen sulfide gas dissolved in the water. The smell is the result
of four factors which must all be present for the odor to develop:
TABLE 5. INPUT CHECK TIME REQUIRED
TO CONSUME 1 CU. FT. OF GAS
Model
Type of Gas
BTU Per
Cu. Ft.
Approx. Time Required To
Consume 1 Cu. Ft. of Gas
BL-100
Natural
Propane
1050
2500
50.3 sec. 119.8 sec.
a. A concentration of sulfate in the supply water.
b. Little or no dissolved oxygen in the water.
c. A sulfate reducing bacteria which has accumulated within the
water heater (this harmless bacteria is nontoxic to humans).
Use this formula to “clock” the meter. Be sure that other gas
consuming appliances are not operating during this interval.
3,600 X H = Btu/Hr
T
T = Time in seconds needed to burn one cubic foot of gas.
H = Heating value of gas in Btu’s per cubic foot of gas.
Btu/Hr = Actual heater input rate.
Example:
T = 50.3 seconds/ft3
H = 1,050 Btu/ft3 (natural gas)
Btu/Hr = ?
d. An excess of active hydrogen in the tank. This is caused by the
corrosion protective action of the anode.
Smelly water may be eliminated or reduced in some water heater
models by replacing the anode(s) with one of less active material,
and then chlorinating the water heater tank and all hot water
lines. Contact the local water heater supplier or service agency
for further information concerning an Anode Replacement Kit and
this chlorination treatment.
If the smelly water persists after the anode replacement and chlorination
treatment, we can only suggest that chlorination or aeration of the water
supply be considered to eliminate the water problem.
Do not remove the anode leaving the tank unprotected. By doing
so, all warranty on the water heater tank is voided.
“AIR” IN HOT WATER FAUCETS
3,600 X 1,050 = 75,100 Btu/Hr (22.0 kW)
50.3
Compare the actual input rate to that given on the heater’s rating
plate. In the example, the BL-100’s full input rate should be 75,100
Btu/Hr for natural gas.
Because of the suddenness and amount of water, condensation
water may be diagnosed as a “tank leak”. After the water in the tank
warms up (about 1-2 hours), the condition should disappear.
Do not assume the water heater is leaking until there has been
enough time for the water in the tank to warm up.
An undersized water heater will cause more condensation. The water
heater must be sized properly to meet the family’s demands for hot
water including dishwashers, washing machines and shower heads.
It is not uncommon to experience a small amount of smoke and odor
during the initial start-up. This is due to burning off of oil from metal
parts, and will disappear in a short while.
HYDROGEN GAS: Hydrogen gas can be produced in a hot
water system that has not been used for a long period of time
(generally two weeks or more). Hydrogen gas is extremely
flammable and explosive. To prevent the possibility of injury
under these conditions, we recommend the hot water faucet,
located farthest away, be opened for several minutes before
any electrical appliances which are connected to the hot water
system are used (such as a dishwasher or washing machine). If
hydrogen gas is present, there will probably be an unusual sound
similar to air escaping through the pipe as the hot water faucet
is opened. There must be no smoking or open flame near the
faucet at the time it is open.
STRANGE SOUNDS
HIGH WATER TEMPERATURE SHUT OFF SYSTEM
Possible noises due to expansion and contraction of some metal
parts during periods of heat-up and cool-down do not necessarily
represent harmful or dangerous conditions.
This water heater is equipped with an automatic gas Shut-off
system. This system works when high water temperatures are
present. The high temperature Shut-off is built into the gas
control valve. It is non-resettable. If the high temperature Shutoff activates, the gas control valve must be replaced. Contact
your gas supplier or service agency. Turn “OFF” the entire gas
supply to the water heater.
Excessive condensation may be noticed during the winter and early
spring months when incoming water temperatures are at their lowest.
Good venting is essential for a gas fired water heater to operate properly
as well as to carry away products of combustion and water vapor.
SMOKE/ODOR
Condensation causes sizzling and popping within the burner area
during heating and cooling periods and should be considered normal. See “Condensation” in this section.
20
PERIODIC MAINTENANCE
Venting System Inspection
sooting can result in a fire causing death, serious injury, or
property damage.
Flame Characteristics
Correct Flame
Red/Orange
FIGURE 19.
Natural Gas (Low Nox)
Burner Door Assembly
Use brush on this surface
Burner
Pilot Assembly
At least once a year a visual inspection should be made of the venting
system. You should look for:
1. Obstructions which could cause improper venting. The
combustion and ventilation air flow must not be obstructed.
2. Damage or deterioration which could cause improper venting
or leakage of combustion products.
FIGURE 20.
3. Rusted flakes around top of water heater.
Burner Cleaning
Be sure the vent piping is properly connected to prevent escape
of dangerous flue gases which could cause deadly asphyxiation.
If inspection of the burner shows that cleaning is required, turn
the gas control knob clockwise (
) to the “OFF” position,
depressing slightly.
Obstructions and deteriorated vent systems may present serious
health risk or asphyxiation.
Chemical vapor corrosion of the flue and vent system may occur
if air for combustion contains certain chemical vapors. Spray can
propellants, cleaning solvents, refrigerator and air conditioner
refrigerants, swimming pool chemicals, calcium and sodium chloride,
waxes, bleach and process chemicals are typical compounds which
are potentially corrosive.
NOTE: The knob cannot be turned from “PILOT” to “OFF”
unless knob is depressed slightly. DO NOT FORCE.
Check the burner to see if it’s dirty or clogged. The burner may be
cleaned with a soft paint brush, see Figure 18. Do not use a wire
brush or any tool that may damage the burner screen. Important: Do
not use the burner if the burner screen is damaged. NOTE: Damage
may be rips or holes in the burner screen. Discoloration is normal.
If after inspection of vent system you found sooting or deterioration,
something is wrong. Call the local gas utility to correct problem and
clean or replace the flue and venting before resuming operation of
water heater.
Housekeeping
Burner Inspection
Flood damage to a water heater may not be readily visible or
immediately detectable. However, over a period of time a flooded
water heater will create dangerous conditions which can cause
DEATH, SERIOUS BODILY INJURY, OR PROPERTY DAMAGE.
Contact a qualified installer or service agency to replace a flooded
water heater. Do not attempt to repair the unit! It must be replaced!
Fire and Explosion Hazard
Do not obstruct combustion air
openings at the bottom of the
water heater.
At least once a year a visual inspection should be made of the main
burner and pilot burner, see Figure 19. Inspect burner fl ames through
viewport. Flames should be very small with a blue haze and small
amounts of yellow or orange at the edges. After several minutes of
operation the burner screen may glow red.
Do not use or store flammable vapor
products such as gasoline, solvents
or adhesives in the same room or area
near water heater or other appliance.
You should check for sooting. Soot is not normal and will impair
proper combustion.
Can cause serious injury or death.
Soot build-up indicates a problem that requires correction before
further use. Turn “OFF” gas to water heater and leave off until
repairs are made, because failure to correct the cause of the
Vacuum around base of water heater for dust, dirt, and lint on a
regular basis.
21
INSTALLED IN SUITABLE AREA: To insure sufficient ventilation
and combustion air supply, proper clearances from the water
heater must be maintained. See “Locating the New Water
Heater” section. Combustible materials such as clothing, cleaning
materials, or flammable liquids, etc. must not be placed against
or adjacent to the water heater which can cause a fire.
When checking the Temperature-Pressure Relief Valve operation,
make sure that (1) no one is in front of or around the outlet of the
Temperature-Pressure Relief Valve discharge line, and (2) that the
water discharge will not cause any property damage, as the water
may be extremely hot. Use care when operating valve as the valve
may be hot.
ANODE ROD INSPECTION
To check the relief valve, lift the lever at the end of valve several times,
see Figure 21. The valve should seat properly and operate freely.
If after manually operating the valve, it fails to completely reset and
continues to release water, immediately close the cold water inlet
to the water heater and drain the water heater, see Draining And
Flushing on page 25. Replace the Temperature-Pressure Relief Valve
with a properly rated/sized new one, see Temperature-Pressure
Relief Valve on page 11 for instructions on replacement.
CAUTION
Property Damage Hazard
•
•
Avoid water heater damage.
Inspection and replacement of anode rod required.
TEMPERATURE-PRESSURE
RELIEF VALVE
The anode rod is used to protect the tank from corrosion. Most hot
water tanks are equipped with an anode rod. The submerged rod
sacrifices itself to protect the tank. Instead of corroding the tank,
water ions attack and eat away the anode rod. This does not affect
water’s taste or color. The rod must be maintained to keep the tank
in operating condition.
Anode deterioration depends on water conductivity, not necessarily
water condition. A corroded or pitted anode rod indicates high water
conductivity and should be checked and/or replaced more often than an anode rod that appears to be intact. Replacement of a depleted
anode rod can extend the life of your water heater. Inspection should
be conducted by a qualified service agency, and at a minimum should
be checked annually after the warranty period.
DISCHARGE PIPE
Figure 21.
If the Temperature-Pressure Relief Valve on the water heater weeps
or discharges periodically, this may be due to thermal expansion.
Note: Excessive water pressure is the most common cause of
Temperature-Pressure Relief Valve leakage. Excessive water
system pressure is most often caused by “thermal expansion”
in a “closed system.” See Closed Water Systems and Thermal
Expansion on page 10. The Temperature-Pressure Relief Valve
is not intended for the constant relief of thermal expansion.
Artificially softened water is exceedingly corrosive because the
process substitutes sodium ions for magnesium and calcium ions.
The use of a water softener may decrease the life of the water
heater tank.
The anode rod should be inspected after a maximum of three years
and annually thereafter until the condition of the anode rod dictates
its replacement.
Temperature-Pressure Relief Valve leakage due to pressure
build up in a closed system that does not have a thermal
expansion tank installed is not covered under the limited
warranty. Thermal expansion tanks must be installed on all
closed water systems.
NOTE: Artificially softened water requires the anode rod to be
inspected annually.
The following are typical (but not all) signs of a depleted anode rod:
Do not plug the Temperature-Pressure Relief
Valve opening. This can cause property damage, serious injury or death.
• The majority of the rods diameter is less than 3/8”.
• Significant sections of the support wire (approx. 1/3 or more of
the anode rod’s length) are visible.
Explosion Hazard
Temperature-Pressure Relief Valve
must comply with ANSI Z21.22CSA 4.4 and ASME code.
Properly sized temperaturepressure relief valve must be
installed in opening provided.
Temperature-Pressure Relief Valve Test
Can result in overheating and
excessive tank pressure.
Can cause serious injury or death.
Burn hazard.
Hot water discharge.
RECOMMENDED PROCEDURE FOR PERIODIC
REMOVAL OF LIME DEPOSITS FROM TANK TYPE
COMMERCIAL WATER HEATERS
Keep clear of TemperaturePressure Relief Valve
discharge outlet.
The amount of calcium carbonate (lime) released from water is
in direct proportion to water temperature and usage, see chart.
The higher the water temperature or water usage, the more lime
deposits are dropped out of the water. This is the lime scale which
forms in pipes, heaters and on cooking utensils.
It is recommended that the Temperature-Pressure Relief Valve
should be checked to ensure that it is in operating condition
every 6 months.
22
Lime accumulation not only reduces the life of the equipment but
also reduces efficiency of the heater and increases fuel consumption.
1. Drain heater.
2. Remove outer cover plate from lower side of heater jacket.
The usage of water softening equipment greatly reduces the
hardness of the water. However, this equipment does not always
remove all of the hardness (lime). For this reason it is recommended
that a regular schedule for deliming be maintained.
3. Remove six (6) hex head screws securing tank cleanout plate
and remove plate.
4. Remove lime, scale, or sediment using care not to damage the
glass lining.
The time between cleaning will vary from weeks to months depending
upon water conditions and usage.
5. Inspect cleanout plate gasket, if new gasket is required, see
replacement parts list for item number.
The depth of lime buildup should be measured periodically. Heaters
equipped with cleanouts will have about 2” of lime buildup when
the level of lime has reached the bottom of the cleanout opening. A
schedule for deliming should then be set up,based on the amount
of time it would take for a 1” buildup of lime. It is recommended that
the water heater initially be inspected after 6 months.
6. Install cleanout plate. Be sure to draw plate up tight by tightening
screws securely.
7. Replace outer jacket cover plate.
Example 1:
Initial inspection after 6 months shows 1/2” of lime accumulation.
Therefore, the heater should be delimed once a year.
Example 2:
Initial inspection after 6 months shows 2” of lime accumulation.
Therefore, the heater should be delimed every 3 months.
Figure 23.
9. In some water areas the sediment might not be removed by this
method and may result in the water heater making rumbling or
boiling noises. To dissolve and remove these more stubborn
mineral deposits, A. O. Smith UN•LIME Professional Delimer
should be used.
DELIMING USING FLO-JUG METHOD
Figure 22.
UN•LIME in the 5 gallon size is recommended for deliming of the
100 models. UN•LIME with the necessary hoses and fittings to
delime your heater is also available as a kit: Up-N-Down Transfer
Kit. Contact your local A.O. Smith dealer, distributor or, A.O. Smith
Corporation, Telephone: (800) 433-2545, Fax: (800) 433-2515 or
Website: www.hotwater.com.
DELIMING SOLVENTS
UN•LIME is recommended for deliming. UN•LIME is a patented
food grade acid which is safe to handle and does not create the
harmful fumes which are associated with other products.
Prepare the Water Heater
UN•LIME may be obtained from your dealer, distributor or water
heater manufacturer. Order Part Number 9005416105, 1 gallon,
packed 4 gallons per case or Part Number 9005417105, 5
gallon container.
To delime the water heater using the Flo-Jug method, first prepare
the heater for deliming as described in the “Why? When? and How?”
booklet, Form No. 4800. Then install the long plastic male adapter
fitting into the drain valve opening of the water heater. Use teflon
tape and hand tighten only. Do not overtighten.
NOTE: Un•Lime is not available for use in Canada.
Prepare the Up-N-Down Transfer Kit
Hydrochloric base acids are not recommended for use on glass
lined tanks.
The next step is the preparation on the Up-N-Down Transfer Kit, if
you have not already done so:
Observe handling instructions on label of product being used.
1. With the 5 gallon Up-N-Down container in the vertical position, unscrew
the plastic vent cap in the handle and pierce the plastic membrane
over the vent boss under the cap to allow the container to vent.
TANK CLEANOUT PROCEDURE
The following practices will ensure longer life and enable the unit to
operate at its designed efficiency:
1. Once a month the heater should be flushed. Open the drain valve
and allow two gallons of water to drain from the heater. Inlet water
valve should remain open to maintain pressure in tank.
Note: If your container does not have the vent cap and vent
boss, drill a 3/16” (4.76mm) hole in the handle. When you have
finished deliming you will be able to plug this drilled vent with the
stainless steel screw that is supplied with the kit.
2. Remove the container’s cap and cut plastic membrane located in
the 3/4” IPT opening in cap. Take care to not damage the threads.
2. A cleanout opening is provided for periodic cleaning of the tank. Gas must be shut off and heater drained before opening cleanout.
3. Find the 3/4” male adapter, apply teflon tape to the threaded end
and screw it into the 3/4” IPT opening in the cap.
To clean heater through cleanout opening, proceed as follows:
23
6. Connect a hose to the water heater drain valve and
terminate it to an adequate drain.
4. Put cap with male adapter back on the container and slide 3/4”
hose over end of male adapter and fasten in place using hose
clamp provided.
7. Open the water heater drain valve and allow all the water to
drain from the storage tank.
Delime using Flo-Jug Method
8. Close the water heater drain valve when all water in the
storage tank has drained.
5. Slide the hose clamp over end of hose and slide hose over the
male adapter in the water heater drain opening and secure in
place using hose clamp.
9. Close the hot water faucet opened in Step 4.
10. If the water heater is going to be shut down for an extended
period, the drain valve should be left open.
6. Lift container to the “Pour” Position being careful to keep the vent
in the handle above the liquid level and pour the UN•LIME into
the heater.
To Flush the Water Heater Storage Tank:
1. Turn off the electrical supply to the water heater.
2. Ensure the cold water inlet valve is open.
7. Lower container, you may have to place the container on its empty
carton to prevent the UN•LIME from flowing back into the container.
3. Open a nearby hot water faucet and let the water run until
the water is no longer hot. Then close the hot water faucet.
8. Let UN•LIME remain in the heater for 5 minutes and then lower
the container to the “Drain” Position.
4. Connect a hose to the drain valve and terminate it to an
adequate drain.
9. Deliming activity is indicated by foaming on the surface of the
UN•LIME. If there is deliming activity, repeat steps 6 thru 8.
5. Ensure the drain hose is secured before and during the
entire flushing procedure. Flushing is performed with
system water pressure applied to the water heater.
Normally, lime removal will be completed within one hour. Severe
build-up of lime may take longer than an hour to complete descaling.
6. Open the water heater drain valve to flush the storage tank.
7. Flush the water heater storage tank to remove sediment
and allow the water to flow until it runs clean.
Note: To check UN•LIME for continued use, place some scale or white
chalk in a glass with a small amount of UN•LIME. If the material is
vigorously dissolved by the UN•LIME, it can be reused; if not, the
UN•LIME should be replaced.
8. Close the water heater drain valve when flushing is
completed.
9. Remove the drain hose.
If the temperature-pressure relief valve on the appliance weeps
or discharges periodically, this may be due to thermal expansion.
You may have a check valve installed in the water line or a water
meter with a check valve. Consult your local water supplier or
service agency for further information. Do not plug the temperaturepressure relief valve.
10. Fill the water heater - see Filling The Water Heater in this manual.
11. Turn on the electrical supply to place the water heater back
in operation.
12. Turn on the gas supply to the water heater at the Main Gas
Shutoff Valve.
13. Allow the water heater to complete several heating cycles
to ensure it is operating properly.
Draining And Flushing
It is recommended that the water heater storage tank be
drained and flushed every 6 months to reduce sediment
buildup. The water heater should be drained if being shut down
during freezing temperatures. See Features And Components
in this manual for the location of the water heater components
described below.
Service
Before calling for repair service, read the “Start Up Conditions” and
“Operational Conditions” found in the “For Your Information” section
of this manual.
If a condition persists or you are uncertain about the operation of the
water heater contact a service agency. If you are not thoroughly familiar
with gas codes, your water heater, and safety practices, contact your
gas supplier or qualified installer to check the water heater.
Burn harzard.
Use the ”Leakage Checkpoints” guide to check a “Leaking”
water heater. Many suspected “Leakers” are not leaking tanks. Often
the source of the water can be found and corrected.
Hot water discharge.
Keep hands clear of drain
valve discharge.
Read this manual first. Then before checking the water heater make
sure the gas supply has been turned “OFF”, and never turn the gas
“ON” before the tank is completely full of water.
Never use this water heater unless it is completely filled with water. To prevent damage to the tank, the tank must be filled with water. Water must flow from the hot water faucet before turning “ON” gas
to the water heater.
To drain the water heater storage tank:
1. Turn off the electrical supply to the water heater.
2. Turn off the gas supply at the Main Gas Shutoff Valve if the
water heater is going to be shut down for an extended period.
Read this manual first. Then before checking the water heater make
sure the gas supply has been turned “OFF”, and never turn the gas
“ON” before the tank is completely full of water.
3. Ensure the cold water inlet valve is open.
Never use this water heater unless it is completely filled with water. To prevent damage to the tank, the tank must be filled with water. Water must flow from the hot water faucet before turning “ON” gas
to the water heater.
4. Open a nearby hot water faucet and let the water run until
the water is no longer hot.
5. Close the cold water inlet valve to the water heater.
24
LEAKAGE CHECKPOINTS
A. Water at the draft hood is water vapor which has condensed out
of the combustion products. This is caused by a problem in the
vent. Contact the gas utility.
B. *Condensation may be seen on pipes in humid weather or pipe
connections may be leaking.
C. *The anode rod fitting may be leaking.
D. Small amounts of water from temperature-pressure relief valve
may be due to thermal expansion or high water pressure in your
area.
E. *The temperature-pressure relief valve may be leaking at the
tank fitting.
F. Water from a drain valve may be due to the valve being slightly
opened.
G. *The drain valve may be leaking at the tank fitting.
H. Combustion products contain water vapor which can condense
on the cooler surfaces of the tank. Droplets form and drip onto
the burner or run on the floor. This is common at the time of
start-up after installation and when incoming water is cold.
I. Water in the water heater bottom or on the floor may be from
condensation, loose connections, or the relief valve. DO NOT
replace the water heater until a full inspection of all possible water
sources is made and necessary corrective steps taken.
Leakage from other appliances, water lines, or ground seepage
should also be checked.
* To check where threaded portion enters tank, insert cotton
swab between jacket opening and fitting. If cotton is wet, follow
“Draining” instructions in the “Periodic Maintenance” section and
then remove fitting. Put pipe dope or teflon tape on the threads
and replace. Then follow “Filling the Water Heater” instructions
in the “Installing the New Water Heater” section.
25
TROUBLESHOOTING GUIDELINES
These guidelines should be utilized by a qualified service agent.
Problem
WATER LEAKS
LEAKING T&P VALVE
SMELLY WATER
PILOT WILL NOT LIGHT
BURNER WILL NOT
STAY LIT
PILOT OUTAGE
NOT ENOUGH
HOT WATER
WATER TOO HOT
WATER HEATER SOUNDS
SIZZLING OR
RUMBLING
SOOTING
Cause
Solution
Improperly sealed, hot or cold supply connection, relief
valve, drain valve, or thermostat threads.
Tighten threaded connections.
Leakage from other appliances or water lines.
Inspect other appliances near water heater.
Condensation of flue products.
Refer to CONDENSATION.
Thermal expansion in closed water system.
Install thermal expansion tank (DO NOT plug T&P valve).
Improperly seated valve.
Check relief valve for proper operation
(DO NOT plug T&P valve).
High sulfate or mineral content in water supply.
Drain and flush heater thoroughly, then refill.
Bacteria in water supply.
Chlorinate or aerate water supply.
Gas control knob not positioned correctly.
Refer to LIGHTING INSTRUCTIONS.
Main gas supply off.
Turn on main gas shutoff valve.
Thermocouple malfunction.
Replace pilot assembly and/or thermocouple.
Match not close to pilot
Locate pilot, move match closer.
Thermocouple malfunction.
Replace pilot assembly and/or thermocouple.
Defective Gas Control.
Replace Gas Control.
Dirty pilot burner.
Clean pilot assembly.
Thermocouple malfunction.
Replace pilot assembly and/or thermocouple.
Defective Gas Control.
Replace Gas Control.
Thermocouple tip is not in contact with pilot flame.
Insert thermocouple correctly.
Heater not lit or thermostat not on.
Refer to LIGHTING INSTRUCTIONS.
Thermostat set too low.
Refer to TEMPERATURE REGULATION.
Heater undersized.
Reduce hot water use.
Low gas pressure.
Contact your gas supplier.
Incoming water is unusually cold.
Allow more time for heater to re-heat.
Leaking hot water pipes or fixtures.
Have plumber check and repair leaks.
High temperature limit switch activated.
Contact a service agency to determine cause.
Thermostat set too high.
Refer to TEMPERATURE REGULATION.
Condensation dripping on burner.
Refer to CONDENSATION.
Sediment or calcium in bottom of heater tank.
Clean sediment from tank. Refer to DRAINING
instructions in Maintenance section of manual.
Improper combustion.
No adjustment available. Contact a service agency
to determine cause.
Lack of supply air.
VENT GAS ODORS
Improperly installed vent piping.
Contact a service agency to determine cause.
Downdraft.
Poor combustion.
26
COLD
COLD WATER
SUPPLY
DRAIN
TANK TEMPERATURE CONTROL
CIRCULATING PUMP
PRESSURE RELIEF VALVE
TEMPERATURE & PRESSURE
RELIEF VALVE
EXPANSION
TANK
COLD
For Technical Information and Automated Fax Service, call 800-527-1953 or visit www.hotwater.com.
A. O. Smith Corporation reserves the right to make product changes or improvements without prior notice.
NOTES:
1. Preferred piping diagram.
2. The temperature and pressure relief valve setting shall not exceed pressure rating of any component in the system.
3. Service valves are shown for servicing unit. However, local codes shall govern their usage.
4. The Tank Temperature Control should be wired to and control the pump between the water heater(s) and the storage tank(s).
5. The water heater’s operating thermostat should be set 5 degrees F higher than the Tank Temperature Control.
October 2009 | Printed in U.S.A. | © A. O. Smith
27
FINISHED
FLOOR
PIPE T&P TO
OPEN DRAIN
HOT
WARNING: THIS DRAWING SHOWS SUGGESTED
PIPING CONFIGURATION AND OTHER DEVICES;
CHECK WITH LOCAL CODES AND ORDINANCES
FOR ADDITIONAL REQUIREMENTS.
SINGLE FLUE - (1 UNIT)
WATER FLOW SWITCH
TEMPERATURE GAGE
CHECK VALVE
FULL PORT BALL VALVE
AOSCG61130 | PAGE 1 of 1
LEGEND
Water Piping Diagrams
COLD
ALT. COLD
WATER CONNECTION
HOT WATER
TO FIXTURES
DRAIN
EXPANSION
TANK
COLD WATER
SUPPLY
TANK TEMPERATURE CONTROL
CIRCULATING PUMP
PRESSURE RELIEF VALVE
TEMPERATURE & PRESSURE
RELIEF VALVE
WATER FLOW SWITCH
TEMPERATURE GAGE
CHECK VALVE
FULL PORT BALL VALVE
AOSCG61140 | PAGE 1 of 1
HOT WATER
RETURN FROM
FIXTURES
LEGEND
For Technical Information and Automated Fax Service, call 800-527-1953 or visit www.hotwater.com.
A. O. Smith Corporation reserves the right to make product changes or improvements without prior notice.
NOTES:
1. Preferred piping diagram.
2. The temperature and pressure relief valve setting shall not exceed pressure rating of any component in the system.
3. Service valves are shown for servicing unit. However, local codes shall govern their usage.
4. The Tank Temperature Control should be wired to and control the pump between the water heater(s) and the storage tank(s).
5. The water heater’s operating thermostat should be set 5 degrees F higher than the Tank Temperature Control.
FINISHED
FLOOR
PIPE T&P TO
OPEN DRAIN
HOT
WARNING: THIS DRAWING SHOWS SUGGESTED
PIPING CONFIGURATION AND OTHER DEVICES;
CHECK WITH LOCAL CODES AND ORDINANCES
FOR ADDITIONAL REQUIREMENTS.
SINGLE FLUE - (1 UNIT) WITH VERTICAL STORAGE TANK
October 2009 | Printed in U.S.A. | © A. O. Smith
28
COLD
HOT WATER
TO FIXTURES
DRAIN
TANK TEMPERATURE CONTROL
CIRCULATING PUMP
PRESSURE RELIEF VALVE
For Technical Information and Automated Fax Service, call 800-527-1953 or visit www.hotwater.com.
A. O. Smith Corporation reserves the right to make product changes or improvements without prior notice.
WATER FLOW SWITCH
TEMPERATURE GAGE
CHECK VALVE
FULL PORT BALL VALVE
AOSCG61150 | PAGE 1 of 1
EXPANSION
TANK
COLD WATER
SUPPLY
HOT WATER
RETURN FROM
FIXTURES
LEGEND
TEMPERATURE & PRESSURE
RELIEF VALVE
ALTERNATE
LOCATION
NOTES:
1. Preferred piping diagram.
2. The temperature and pressure relief valve setting shall not exceed pressure rating of any component in the system.
3. Service valves are shown for servicing unit. However, local codes shall govern their usage.
4. The Tank Temperature Control should be wired to and control the pump between the water heater(s) and the storage tank(s).
5. The water heater’s operating thermostat should be set 5 degrees F higher than the Tank Temperature Control.
FINISHED
FLOOR
PIPE T&P TO
OPEN DRAIN
HOT
WARNING: THIS DRAWING SHOWS SUGGESTED
PIPING CONFIGURATION AND OTHER DEVICES;
CHECK WITH LOCAL CODES AND ORDINANCES
FOR ADDITIONAL REQUIREMENTS.
SINGLE FLUE - (1 UNIT) WITH HORIZONTAL STORAGE TANK
October 2009 | Printed in U.S.A. | © A. O. Smith
29
LINE
TEMPERATURE
CONTROL
HOT WATER
RETURN
TEMPERED
WATER
RETURN
TEMPERED
WATER
OUTLET
PIPE T&P TO
OPEN DRAIN
MINIMUM
10´´ to 12´´
DRAIN
For Technical Information and Automated Fax Service, call 800-527-1953 or visit www.hotwater.com.
A. O. Smith Corporation reserves the right to make product changes or improvements without prior notice.
HOT
COLD
TANK TEMPERATURE CONTROL
CIRCULATING PUMP
PRESSURE RELIEF VALVE
WATER FLOW SWITCH
TEMPERATURE GAGE
CHECK VALVE
FULL PORT BALL VALVE
AOSCG61160 | PAGE 1 of 1
LEGEND
TEMPERATURE & PRESSURE
RELIEF VALVE
HOT WATER OUTLET
NOTES:
1. Preferred piping diagram.
2. The temperature and pressure relief valve setting shall not exceed pressure rating of any component in the system.
3. Service valves are shown for servicing unit. However, local codes shall govern their usage.
4. The Tank Temperature Control should be wired to and control the pump between the water heater(s) and the storage tank(s).
5. The water heater’s operating thermostat should be set 5 degrees F higher than the Tank Temperature Control.
EXPANSION
TANK
COLD WATER
SUPPLY
WARNING: THIS DRAWING SHOWS SUGGESTED
PIPING CONFIGURATION AND OTHER DEVICES;
CHECK WITH LOCAL CODES AND ORDINANCES
FOR ADDITIONAL REQUIREMENTS.
SINGLE FLUE - (1 UNIT) WITH MIXING VALVE TWO TEMPERATURE
October 2009 | Printed in U.S.A. | © A. O. Smith
30
HOT
COLD
PIPE T&P TO
OPEN DRAIN
HOT
COLD
DRAIN
EXPANSION
TANK
COLD WATER
SUPPLY
HOT WATER RETURN
FROM FIXTURES
TANK TEMPERATURE CONTROL
CIRCULATING PUMP
PRESSURE RELIEF VALVE
TEMPERATURE & PRESSURE
RELIEF VALVE
WATER FLOW SWITCH
TEMPERATURE GAGE
CHECK VALVE
FULL PORT BALL VALVE
AOSCG61170 | PAGE 1 of 1
LEGEND
For Technical Information and Automated Fax Service, call 800-527-1953 or visit www.hotwater.com.
A. O. Smith Corporation reserves the right to make product changes or improvements without prior notice.
NOTES:
1. Preferred piping diagram.
2. The temperature and pressure relief valve setting shall not exceed pressure rating of any component in the system.
3. Service valves are shown for servicing unit. However, local codes shall govern their usage.
4. The Tank Temperature Control should be wired to and control the pump between the water heater(s) and the storage tank(s).
5. The water heater’s operating thermostat should be set 5 degrees F higher than the Tank Temperature Control.
FINISHED
FLOOR
PIPE T&P TO
OPEN DRAIN
HOT WATER
TO FIXTURES
WARNING: THIS DRAWING SHOWS SUGGESTED
PIPING CONFIGURATION AND OTHER DEVICES;
CHECK WITH LOCAL CODES AND ORDINANCES
FOR ADDITIONAL REQUIREMENTS.
SINGLE FLUE - (2 UNITS)
October 2009 | Printed in U.S.A. | © A. O. Smith
31
FINISHED
FLOOR
PIPE T&P TO
OPEN DRAIN
HOT WATER
TO FIXTURES
HOT
WARNING: THIS DRAWING SHOWS SUGGESTED
PIPING CONFIGURATION AND OTHER DEVICES;
CHECK WITH LOCAL CODES AND ORDINANCES
FOR ADDITIONAL REQUIREMENTS.
COLD
EXPANSION
TANK
COLD WATER
SUPPLY
PIPE T&P TO
OPEN DRAIN
HOT WATER RETURN
SINGLE FLUE - (2 UNITS) TWO TEMPERATURE ONE PRE-HEATER/ONE BOOSTER HEATER
HOT
BOOSTER
HEATER
DRAIN
HIGH
TEMPERATURE
RETURN
HIGH
TEMPERATURE
OUTLET
TANK TEMPERATURE CONTROL
CIRCULATING PUMP
PRESSURE RELIEF VALVE
TEMPERATURE & PRESSURE
RELIEF VALVE
WATER FLOW SWITCH
TEMPERATURE GAGE
CHECK VALVE
FULL PORT BALL VALVE
AOSCG61180 | PAGE 1 of 1
LEGEND
NOTES:
1. Preferred piping diagram.
2. The temperature and pressure relief valve setting shall not exceed pressure rating of any component in the system.
3. Service valves are shown for servicing unit. However, local codes shall govern their usage.
4. The Tank Temperature Control should be wired to and control the pump between the water heater(s) and the storage tank(s).
5. The water heater’s operating thermostat should be set 5 degrees F higher than the Tank Temperature Control.
October 2009 | Printed in U.S.A. | © A. O. Smith
For Technical Information and Automated Fax Service, call 800-527-1953 or visit www.hotwater.com.
A. O. Smith Corporation reserves the right to make product changes or improvements without prior notice.
32
NOTES
33
NOTES
34
Model BL Limited Warranty
A. O. Smith Corporation, the warrantor, extends the following LIMITED WARRANTY to the owner of this water heater.
1.THE TANK
If the glass-lined tank in this water heater shall prove upon examination by the warrantor to have leaked due to natural corrosion from potable water
therein, during the first THREE years after initial installation, the warrantor will supply a complete new A. O. Smith water heater of equivalent size
and current model. Some government agencies are requiring energy efficient standards for water heaters. In the event regulations prohibit sale
of a model of equivalent size and construction, A. O. Smith will provide a model which complies with the regulations of your area, in which case
the consumer will be charged the difference in price between the like replacement and the energy efficient model required. The warranty on the
replacement water heater will be limited to the unexpired term of the original warranty.
2.ALL OTHER PARTS
If within ONE year after initial installation of this water heater, any part or portion shall prove upon examination by the warrantor to be defective in
material or workmanship, the warrantor will repair or replace such part or portion at its option.
3.CONDITIONS AND EXCEPTIONS
This warranty shall apply only when the water heater is installed in accordance with local plumbing and building codes, ordinances and regulations,
the printed instructions provided with it and good industry practices. In addition, a temperature and pressure relief valve, certified by and officially
sanctioned and recognized independent testing agency and approved by the American Society of Mechanical Engineers, must have been installed.
a. This warranty shall apply only when the heater is:
(1) used at temperatures not exceeding the maximum calibrated setting of its thermostat;
(2) used at water pressure not exceeding the working pressure shown on the heater;
(3) filled with potable water, free to circulate at all times and with the tank free of damaging water sediment or scale deposits;
(4) used in a non-corrosive and non-contaminated atmosphere;
(5) used with factory approved anode(s) installed;
(6) in its original installation location;
(7) in the United States, its territories or possessions;
(8) sized in accordance with proper sizing techniques for commercial and/or residential water heaters;
(9) bearing a rating plate which has not been altered, defaced or removed, except as required by the warrantor;
(10) used in an open system or in a closed system with properly sized and installed thermal expansion tank;
(11) operated with properly installed sediment trap;
(12) fired with the fuel for which it was factory built;
(13) fired at the factory rated input;
(14) operated with the inner and outer combustion chamber doors in place.
b. Any accident to the water heater, any misuse, abuse (including freezing or thermal expansion damage) or alteration of, any operation in a
modified form, or any attempt to repair tank leaks will void this warranty.
c. This warranty is void if a device acting as a backflow prevention device (check valves etc.) is installed in the cold water supply the heater is
connected to, unless an effective method of controlling thermal expansion is also installed at the heater(s) and operational at all times. The
relief valve installed on the heater is not an acceptable method.
4.SERVICE AND REPAIR EXPENSES
Under the limited warranty the warrantor will provide only a replacement water heater or part thereof. The owner is responsible for all other costs. Such costs may include but are not limited to:
a. Labor charges for service removal, repair or reinstallation of the water heater or any component part;
b. Shipping, delivery, handling, and administrative charges for forwarding the new heater or replacement part from the nearest distributor and
returning the claimed defective heater or part to such distributor.
c. All cost necessary or incidental for any material and/or permits required for installation of the replacement heater or part.
5.LIMITATIONS ON IMPLIED WARRANTIES
Implied warranties, including the warranty of merchantability imposed on the sale of this heater under state law are limited to one (1) year duration for
the heater or any of its parts. Some states do not allow limitation on how long an implied warranty lasts, so the above limitation may not apply to you.
6.CLAIM PROCEDURE
Any claim under the warranty should be initiated with the dealer who sold the heater, or with any other dealer handling the warrantor’s products. If
this is not practicable, the owner should contact:
U.S. Customers
Canadian Customers
A. O. Smith Corporation
A. O. Smith Enterprises Ltd.
500 Tennessee Waltz Parkway
768 Erie Street
Ashland City, TN 37015
Stratford (Ontario) N5A 6T3
Telephone: (800) 527-1953
Telephone:(800) 265-8520
a.
b.
The warrantor will only honor replacement with identical or similar water heater or parts thereof which are manufactured or distributed by the warrantor.
Dealer replacements are made subject to in-warranty validation by warrantor.
7.DISCLAIMERS
NO OTHER EXPRESS WARRANTY HAS BEEN OR WILL BE MADE IN BEHALF OF THE WARRANTOR WITH RESPECT TO THE MERCHANTABILITY OF THE HEATER OR THE INSTALLATION, OPERATION, REPAIR OR REPLACEMENT OF THE HEATER. THE WARRANTOR SHALL NOT
BE RESPONSIBLE FOR WATER DAMAGE, LOSS OF USE OF THE UNIT, INCONVENIENCE, LOSS OR DAMAGE TO PERSONAL PROPERTY
OR OTHER CONSEQUENTIAL DAMAGE. THE WARRANTOR SHALL NOT BE LIABLE BY VIRTUE OF THIS WARRANTY OR OTHERWISE FOR
DAMAGE TO ANY PERSONS OR PROPERTY, WHETHER DIRECT OR INDIRECT, AND WHETHER ARISING IN CONTRACT OR IN TORT.
a. Some states do not allow the exclusion or limitation of the incidental or consequential damage, so the above limitations or exclusions may
not apply to you.
b. This warranty gives you specific legal rights, and you may also have other rights which vary from state to state.
Fill in the following for your own reference. Keep it. Registration is not a condition of warranty. The model and serial number are found on the heater’s rating plate.
Model No._________________________Serial No.___________________________________________________ Date Installed______________
Dealer’sName_________________________________________________________________________________________________________
Dealer’s Address____________________________________________________________________________Phone No.___________________
City and State______________________________________________________________________________Zip_________________________
KEEP THIS WARRANTY POSTED ADJACENT TO THE HEATER FOR FUTURE REFERENCE.
35
500 Tennessee Waltz Pkwy., Ashland City, TN 37015
Technical Support: 800-527-1953 • Parts: 800-433-2545
www.hotwater.com
Copyright © 2012 A. O. Smith Corporation, All rights reserved.
36
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