340 KB

340 KB
UFC 4-911-01N
16 January 2004
AC
TI
VE
UNIFIED FACILITIES CRITERIA (UFC)
IN
OPERATION AND MAINTENANCE:
INACTIVE CARE AND CLOSURE OF
SHORE FACILITIES
APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE; DISTRIBUTION UNLIMITED
UFC 4-911-01N
16 January 2004
UNIFIED FACILITIES CRITERIA (UFC)
OPERATION AND MAINTENANCE: INACTIVE CARE AND CLOSURE OF SHORE
FACILITIES
Any copyrighted material included in this UFC is identified at its point of use.
Use of the copyrighted material apart from this UFC must have the permission of the
copyright holder.
AC
TI
VE
U.S. ARMY CORPS OF ENGINEERS
NAVAL FACILITIES ENGINEERING COMMAND (Preparing Activity)
AIR FORCE CIVIL ENGINEERING SUPPORT AGENCY
Record of Changes (changes indicated by \1\ ... /1/ )
Date
IN
Change No.
Location
UFC 4-911-01N
16 January 2004
FOREWORD
The Unified Facilities Criteria (UFC) system is prescribed by MIL-STD 3007 and provides
planning, design, construction, sustainment, restoration, and modernization criteria, and applies
to the Military Departments, the Defense Agencies, and the DoD Field Activities in accordance
with USD(AT&L) Memorandum dated 29 May 2002. UFC will be used for all DoD projects and
work for other customers where appropriate. All construction outside of the United States is
also governed by Status of forces Agreements (SOFA), Host Nation Funded Construction
Agreements (HNFA), and in some instances, Bilateral Infrastructure Agreements (BIA.)
Therefore, the acquisition team must ensure compliance with the more stringent of the UFC, the
SOFA, the HNFA, and the BIA, as applicable.
AC
TI
VE
UFC are living documents and will be periodically reviewed, updated, and made available to
users as part of the Services’ responsibility for providing technical criteria for military
construction. Headquarters, U.S. Army Corps of Engineers (HQUSACE), Naval Facilities
Engineering Command (NAVFAC), and Air Force Civil Engineer Support Agency (AFCESA) are
responsible for administration of the UFC system. Defense agencies should contact the
preparing service for document interpretation and improvements. Technical content of UFC is
the responsibility of the cognizant DoD working group. Recommended changes with supporting
rationale should be sent to the respective service proponent office by the following electronic
form: Criteria Change Request (CCR). The form is also accessible from the Internet sites listed
below.
UFC are effective upon issuance and are distributed only in electronic media from the following
source:
•
Whole Building Design Guide web site http://dod.wbdg.org/.
Hard copies of UFC printed from electronic media should be checked against the current
electronic version prior to use to ensure that they are current.
AUTHORIZED BY:
______________________________________
DR. JAMES W WRIGHT, P.E.
Chief Engineer
Naval Facilities Engineering Command
______________________________________
KATHLEEN I. FERGUSON, P.E.
The Deputy Civil Engineer
DCS/Installations & Logistics
Department of the Air Force
______________________________________
Dr. GET W. MOY, P.E.
Director, Installations Requirements and
Management
Office of the Deputy Under Secretary of Defense
(Installations and Environment)
IN
______________________________________
DONALD L. BASHAM, P.E.
Chief, Engineering and Construction
U.S. Army Corps of Engineers
UFC 4-911-01N
16 January 2004
CONTENTS
Page
CHAPTER 1 INTRODUCTION
1-1
1-2
1-2.1
1-2.2
1-2.3
1-2.4
1-3
MIL-HDBK 1130……...…………...................…………………… A-1
IN
APPENDIX A
PURPOSE AND SCOPE ....................................................... 1-1
APPLICABILITY..................................................................... 1-1
General Building Requirements ............................................. 1-1
Safety .................................................................................... 1-1
Fire Protection ....................................................................... 1-1
Antiterrorism/Force Protection ............................................... 1-1
REFERENCES ...................................................................... 1-1
AC
TI
VE
Paragraph
i
UFC 4-911-01N
16 January 2004
CHAPTER 1
INTRODUCTION
1-1
PURPOSE AND SCOPE. This UFC is comprised of two sections.
Chapter 1 introduces this UFC and provides a listing of references to other Tri-Service
documents closely related to the subject. Appendix A contains the full text copy of the
previously released Military Handbook (MIL-HDBK) on this subject. This UFC serve as
criteria until such time as the full text UFC is developed from the MIL-HDBK and other
sources.
AC
TI
VE
This UFC provides general criteria for operation and maintenance
consisting of inactive care and closure of shore facilities.
Note that this document does not constitute a detailed technical design,
and is issued as a general guide associated with operation and maintenance consisting
of inactive care and closure of shore facilities.
1-2
APPLICABILITY. This UFC applies to all Navy service elements and
Navy contractors; Army service elements should use the references cited in paragraph
1-3 below; all other DoD agencies may use either document unless explicitly directed
otherwise.
1-2.1
GENERAL BUILDING REQUIREMENTS. All DoD facilities must comply
with UFC 1-200-01, Design: General Building Requirements. If any conflict occurs
between this UFC and UFC 1-200-01, the requirements of UFC 1-200-01 take
precedence.
1-2.2
SAFETY. All DoD facilities must comply with DODINST 6055.1 and
applicable Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) safety and health
standards.
IN
NOTE: All NAVY projects, must comply with OPNAVINST 5100.23 (series), Navy
Occupational Safety and Health Program Manual. The most recent publication in this
series can be accessed at the NAVFAC Safety web site:
www.navfac.navy.mil/safety/pub.htm. If any conflict occurs between this UFC and
OPNAVINST 5100.23, the requirements of OPNAVINST 5100.23 take precedence.
1-2.3
FIRE PROTECTION. All DoD facilities must comply with UFC 3-600-01,
Design: Fire Protection Engineering for Facilities. If any conflict occurs between this
UFC and UFC 3-600-01, the requirements of UFC 3-600-01 take precedence.
1-2.4
ANTITERRORISM/FORCE PROTECTION. All DoD facilities must
comply with UFC 4-010-01, Design: DoD Minimum Antiterrorism Standards for
Buildings. If any conflict occurs between this UFC and UFC 4-010-01, the requirements
of UFC 4-010-01 take precedence.
1-3
REFERENCES. The following Tri-Service publications have valuable
information on the subject of this UFC. When the full text UFC is developed for this
1-1
UFC 4-911-01N
16 January 2004
subject, applicable portions of these documents will be incorporated into the text. The
designer is encouraged to access and review these documents as well as the
references cited in Appendix A, MIL-HDBK 1130.
US Army Corps of Engineers
USACE TM 5-610, Preventative
Commander
Maintenance for Facilities Engineering,
USACE Publication Depot
Buildings and Structures, 01
ATTN: CEIM-IM-PD
November 1979
2803 52nd Avenue
USACE TM 5-617, Facilities
Hyattsville, MD 20781-1102
Engineering: Maintenance and Repair
(301) 394-0081 fax: 0084
of Roofs, 30 January 1974
[email protected]
http://www.usace.army.mil/inet/usace-docs/
AC
TI
VE
1.
IN
USACE TM 5-620, Facilities
Engineering: Maintenance and Repair
of Architectural and Structural Elements
of Buildings and Structures, 19 May
1990
USACE TM 5-622, Maintenance of
Waterfront Facilities, 01 June 1978
1-1
UFC 4-911-01N
16 January 2004
APPENDIX A
IN
AC
TI
VE
MIL-HDBK 1130
OPERATION AND MAINTENANCE: INACTIVE CARE AND CLOSURE OF SHORE
FACILITIES
A-1
INCH-POUND
AC
TI
VE
MIL-HDBK-1130
31 DECEMBER 1991
SUPERSEDING
NAVFAC MO-300
August, 1990
MILITARY HANDBOOK
IN
INACTIVATION, CARETAKER MAINTENANCE,
REACTIVATION, AND CLOSURE OF SHORE FACILITIES
AMSC N/A
AREA FACR
DISTRIBUTION STATEMENT A. APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE: DISTRIBUTION IS
UNLIMITED
MIL-HDBK-1130
ABSTRACT
IN
AC
TI
VE
This handbook provides information about inactivating, closing, reactivating,
or providing caretaker maintenance to individual facilities, groups of
facilities, or whole bases. The handbook provides general guidelines and
points for consideration, but is not intended as a detailed plan for every
individual activity.
ii
MIL-HDBK-1130
FOREWORD
This handbook establishes basic standards and procedures for Public Works
management, planning, and maintenance personnel involved with inactivating,
closing, reactivating, or providing caretaker maintenance at Navy shore
facilities.
AC
TI
VE
Recommendations for improvement are encouraged from within the Navy, other
Government agencies, and the private sector and should be furnished on the
DD Form 1426 provided inside the back cover to Commander, Northern Division,
Naval Facilities Engineering Command, Code 164, Philadelphia, PA 19112-5094;
telephone commercial (215) 897-6688.
IN
THIS HANDBOOK SHALL NOT BE USED AS A REFERENCE DOCUMENT FOR PROCUREMENT OF
EQUIPMENT. IT IS TO BE USED AS A GUIDE TO ESTABLISH MAINTENANCE PROCEDURES IN
FOOD SERVICE FACILITIES. DO NOT REFERENCE IT IN MILITARY OR FEDERAL
SPECIFICATIONS OR OTHER PROCUREMENT DOCUMENTS.
iii
MIL-HDBK-1130
INACTIVATION, CARETAKER MAINTENANCE,
REACTIVATION, AND CLOSURE OF SHORE FACILITIES
CONTENTS
Page
INACTIVATION/ REACTIVATION
Scope . . . . . . . . . . . .
Buildings . . . . . . . . . .
Building Envelope Inactivation
General . . . . . . . . . . .
Screens . . . . . . . . . . .
12
12
12
12
13
VE
6
6
6
7
7
7
7
7
8
8
9
10
10
10
10
11
11
11
11
IN
AC
1.5
1.5.1
1.5.2
1.5.3
1.5.4
1.6
1.6.1
1.6.2
1.6.3
1.7
1.8
1.9
1.10
1.11
1.11.1
1.11.2
1.11.3
1.11.4
INTRODUCTION
Purpose and Scope . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Cancellation. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Definitions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Inactivation. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Caretaker Maintenance . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Reactivation. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Closure . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Responsibility. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Major Claimant. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Engineering Field Division (EFD) . . . . . . . . . . .
Activity Public Works Department (PWD) . . . . . . . .
Closure milestones . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Inspection. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Public Works Center (PWC) . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Officer in Charge of Construction
(OICC)/Officer in Charge (OIC) . . . . . . . . . . .
Economic Issues . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Inactivation vs. Closure . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Expected Length of Inactivation . . . . . . . . . . .
Probable Future Use . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Maintaining Building Utility Service . . . . . . . . .
Environmental Issues . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Introduction. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
General Areas of Concern . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Hazardous Waste - Specific Areas of Concern . . . . .
Security Issues . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Safety Issues . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Fire Prevention Issues . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Community Relations Issues . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Summary of Navy Real Property Disposal Procedures . .
GSA Responsibility . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Department of Defense Responsi bility. . . . . . . . .
Applicable FPMR Guidelines . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Other Federal Agencies. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
TI
Section 1
1.1
1.2
1.3
1.3.1
1.3.2
1.3.3
1.3.4
1.4
1.4.1
1.4.2
1.4.3
1.4.3.1
1.4.3.2
1.4.4
1.4.5
Section 2
2.1
2.2
2.2.1
2.2.1.1
2.2.1.2
iv
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
1
1
1
1
1
2
2
2
2
2
3
4
4
6
MIL-HDBK-1130
Page
2.2.7
Removal of Debris . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Interiors of Enclosed Structures . . . . . . . . . . .
Exterior Surfaces . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Doors and Windows . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Roofing, Flashing, and Sheet Metal Work . . . . . . .
Building Envelope Reactivation . . . . . . . . . . . .
Building Mechanical Systems Inactivation . . . . . . .
Compressors . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Engines . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Pumps . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Plumbing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Building Mechanical Systems Reactivation . . . . . . .
General . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Compressors . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Engines . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Pumps . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Plumbing. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Building Electrical Systems Inactivation . . . . . . .
General . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Lighting Systems. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Electrical Equipment Withdrawn from Service . . . . .
Shrouding . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Motors, Generators, and Control Equipment . . . . . .
Batteries . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Building Electrical System Reactivation . . . . . . .
General . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Lighting Systems. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Motors, Generators, Controls, and Other
Electrical Equipment . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Heating, Ventilating and Air Conditioning
(HVAC) Systems Inactivation . . . . . . . . . . . .
General . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Heating Equipment and Piping . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Corrosion Prevention . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Space Heaters and Warm-Air Furnaces . . . . . . . . .
Air Conditioning Equipment . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Mechanical Ventilating Systems . . . . . . . . . . . .
Heating, Ventilating and Air Conditioning
(HVAC) Systems Reactivation . . . . . . . . . . . .
General . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Air Conditioning Systems . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Mechanical Ventilating Systems . . . . . . . . . . . .
Automatic Control Equipment and Meters . . . . . . . .
Heating Equipment and Piping . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Space Heaters and Warm-Air Furnaces . . . . . . . . .
Refrigeration Equipment Inactivation . . . . . . . . .
AC
TI
VE
2.2.1.3
2.2.1.4
2.2.1.5
2.2.1.6
2.2.1.7
2.2.2
2.2.3
2.2.3.1
2.2.3.2
2.2.3.3
2.2.3.4
2.2.4
2.2.4.1
2.2.4.2
2.2.4.3
2.2.4.4
2.2.4.5
2.2.5
2.2.5.1
2.2.5.2
2.2.5.3
2.2.5.4
2.2.5.5
2.2.5.6
2.2.6
2.2.6.1
2.2.6.2
2.2.6.3
IN
2.2.7.1
2.2.7.2
2.2.7.3
2.2.7.4
2.2.7.5
2.2.7.6
2.2.8
2.2.8.1
2.2.8.2
2.2.8.3
2.2.8.4
2.2.8.5
2.2.8.6
2.2.9
v
13
13
13
13
13
14
14
14
15
16
17
17
17
17
18
18
18
19
19
19
20
20
20
21
21
21
21
21
21
21
22
23
23
23
24
24
24
24
24
24
25
25
25
MIL-HDBK-1130
Page
2.2.9.1
2.2.9.2
2.2.10
2.2.10.1
2.2.10.2
2.2.11
AC
TI
VE
2.2.12
Iceplant and Brine Systems . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Refrigerated Spaces . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Refrigeration Equipment Reactivation . . . . . . . . .
Refrigeration Equipment . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Refrigerated Spaces . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Water-Softening and Filtering Equipment
Inactivation. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Water-Softening and Filtering Equipment
Reactivation. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Fire Protection and Alarm Systems Inactivation . . . .
Fire Extinguishers . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Automatic Sprinklers . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Alarm Systems . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Fire Reporting Telephones . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Fire Protection and Alarm Systems Reactivation . . . .
Fire Extinguishers . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Automatic Sprinklers . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Alarm Systems . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Weight Handling Equipment Inactivation . . . . . . . .
Elevators and Hoists . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Cranes. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Weight-Handling Equipment Reactivation . . . . . . . .
Elevators and Hoists . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Cranes. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Special Construction or Historic Register . . . . . .
Structures. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Tanks, Towers, and Platforms Inactivation . . . . . .
Water Storage Tanks . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Petroleum Facilities. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Tank and Pipeline Appurtenances . . . . . . . . . . .
Towers and Platforms . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Pools . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Tanks, Towers, and Platforms Reactivation . . . . . .
Water Storage Tanks . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Petroleum Facilities. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Tank and Pipeline Appurtenances . . . . . . . . . . .
Towers and Platforms . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Pools . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Waterfront Facilities Inactivation . . . . . . . . . .
General . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Graving Docks . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Waterfront Facilities Reactivation . . . . . . . . . .
General . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Graving Drydocks. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Railroad Trackage Inactivation . . . . . . . . . . . .
Trackage. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
IN
2.2.13
2.2.13.1
2.2.13.2
2.2.13.3
2.2.13.4
2.2.14
2.2.14.1
2.2.14.2
2.2.14.3
2.2.15
2.1.15.1
2.2.15.2
2.2.16
2.2.16.1
2.2.16.2
2.2.17
2.3
2.3.1
2.3.1.1
2.3.1.2
2.3.1.3
2.3.1.4
2.3.1.5
2.3.2
2.3.2.1
2.3.2.2
2.3.2.3
2.3.2.4
2.3.2.5
2.3.3
2.3.3.1
2.3.3.2
2.3.4
2.3.4.1
2.3.4.2
2.3.5
2.3.5.1
vi
25
25
25
25
26
26
26
27
27
27
27
27
27
27
28
28
28
28
28
29
29
29
29
29
29
29
29
31
32
32
32
32
32
34
34
34
34
34
35
38
38
38
40
40
MIL-HDBK-1130
Page
Track Scales . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Railroad Trackage Reactivation . . . . . . . . . . . .
Trackage. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Track Scales.. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Bridge Inactivation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Bridge Reactivation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Grounds . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Grounds Inactivation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
General . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Fencing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Drainage. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Paved Surfaces. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Grounds Reactivation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
General . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Fencing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ..
Insect and Rodent Control . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Drainage . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Paved Surfaces. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Utility Plants and Distribution Systems . . . . . . .
Steam Inactivation. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Boiler Plants . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Feed-Water Heaters, Deaerators, Vent Condensers,
Water-Heating Equipment, Tanks, and Receivers . . .
Automatic Control Equipment and Meters . . . . . . . .
Combustion Equipment . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Miscellaneous Equipment . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Gauges, Instruments, and Miscellaneous Parts . . . . .
Steam Reactivation. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
General . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Boiler Plants . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Feedwater Heaters, Deaerators, Water-Heating
Equipment, Tanks, and Receivers . . . . . . . . . .
Gas Burners . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Miscellaneous Equipment . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Electric Distribution Systems Inactivation . . . . . .
General . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Utility Services. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Electric Distribution Systems Reactivation . . . . . .
Utility Services. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Distribution Systems . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Potable Water Inactivation . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
General . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Water System. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Potable Water Reactivation . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Inspection. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Facilities and Equipment . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
AC
TI
VE
2.3.5.2
2.3.6
2.3.6.1
2.3.6.2
2.3.7
2.3.8
2.4
2.4.1
2.4. 1.1
2.4.1.2
2.4.1.3
2.4. 1.4
2.4.2
2.4.2.1
2.3.2.2
2.4.2.3
2.4.2.4
2.4.2.5
2.5
2.5.1
2.5.1.1
2.5.1.2
2.5.1.3
2.5. 1.4
2.5.1.5
2.5.1.6
2.5.2
2.5.2.1
2.5.2.2
2.5.2.3
IN
2.5.2.4
2.5.2.5
2.5.3
2.5.3.1
2.5.3.2
2.5.4
2.5.4.1
2.5.4.2
2.5.5
2.5.5.1
2.5.5.2
2.5.6
2.5.6.1
2.5.6.2
vii
40
40
40
41
41
41
41
41
41
41
41
42
42
42
42
43
43
44
45
45
45
47
48
48
49
49
50
50
50
51
51
51
51
51
52
52
52
52
53
53
53
54
54
54
MIL-HDBK-1130
Page
2.5.7
2.5.7.1
2.5.8
2.5.8.1
2.5.8.2
2.5.8.3
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
IN
3.3.1
3.3.2
3.3.3
3.3.4
3.3.5
3.3.6
3.3.7
3.3.8
3.3.9
3.3.10
3.3.11
3.3.12
3.3.13
3.3.14
3.3.15
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
CARETAKER MAINTENANCE
General . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Types of Maintenance Actions . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Preventive Maintenance . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Corrective Maintenance . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Breakdown Maintenance . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Borrowing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Types of Facility Inspections . . . . . . . . . . . .
Operator Inspection . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Preventive Maintenance Inspection . . . . . . . . . .
Control Inspection . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Specialized Inspection . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Caretaker Maintenance Planning . . . . . . . . . . . .
Maintenance Action Plan . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Inspection Frequency.. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Preventive Maintenance . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Control . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Annual Inspection Summary (AIS) . . . . . . . . . . .
Records and Reports . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Current Maintenance Records . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Historical Records . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Requirements of Other Government Agencies . . . . . .
Specific Caretaker Inspection and
Maintenance Requirements . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
General . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Building Inspection . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Building Equipment Inspections . . . . . . . . . . . .
Specialized Inspections . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Interior Electric Equipment . . . . . . . . . . . . .
HVAC Systems. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Batteries . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Interior Water and Sanitation . . . . . . . . . . . .
Rubber Lined POL Tanks. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Railroad Right-of-Way . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Vegetation Control . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Insect and Rodent Control . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Roads and Grounds . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Bridges . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Boiler Plants . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
AC
TI
VE
Section 3
3.1
3.1.1
3.1.1.1
3.1.1.2
3.1.1.3
3.1.1.4
3.1.2
3.1.2.1
3.1.2.2
3.1.2.3
3.1.2.4
3.2
3.2.1
3.2.2
3.2.2.1
3.2.2.2
3.2.3
3.2.4
3.2.4.1
3.2.4.2
3.2.4.3
3.3
Sewage Inactivation
General . . . . . .
Sewage React ovation
General . . . . . .
Wastewater Systems .
Contracts . . . . .
viii
55
55
56
56
57
57
58
58
58
58
58
58
59
59
59
59
59
59
59
60
60
60
61
61
61
62
62
62
62
62
63
63
63
63
63
63
63
64
64
64
64
65
65
MIL-HDBK-1130
Page
Section 4
4.1
4.2
4.3
4.4
4.5
4.6
Drydocks . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Inspection. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Pumps . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Alarm Systems . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Dehumidification. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Corrosion . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Leaks . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Clean-up. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
65
65
65
66
66
66
66
66
WHOLE BASE CLOSURE OR INACTIVATION
Introduction. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Impact of Closure . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Demolition. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Inactivation. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Closure . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Whole Base Closure or Inactivation Planning . . . .
.
.
.
.
.
.
67
67
67
67
67
68
SUGGESTED MINIMUM CONTROL INSPECTION FREQUENCIES . . .
70
INACTIVATION/CLOSURE CHECKLISTS . . . . . . . . . . .
75
AC
TI
VE
3.3.16
3.3.16.1
3.3.16.2
3.3.16.3
3.3.16.4
3.3.16.5
3.3.16.6
3.3.16.7
APPENDIX
APPENDIX A
B
TABLE
Table 1
Guidelines for Status of Inactivation . . . . . . . . .
IN
REFERENCES . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
ix
5
. 78
MIL-HDBK-1130
INTRODUCTION
Section 1:
AC
TI
VE
1.1
Purpose and Scope. This handbook is a guide for public works
management, planning, and maintenance personnel involved with inactivating,
closing, reactivating, or providing caretaker maintenance to individual
facilities, groups of facilities, or whole bases. The handbook provides
general guidelines and points for consideration, but it is not intended as a
detailed plan for every individual activity. Using information from this
handbook and other sources, shore activities should develop a plan of action
and milestones (POA&M) tailored to the specific activity. When inactivating,
closing, or reactivating involves many facilities and affects large numbers of
personnel, a more formal planning process is required. It is usually
appropriate to prepare a formal Master Plan (OPNAVINST 11000.16, Command
Responsibility for Shore Activity Land and Facilities), or revise the
existing Master Plan to help document facility needs.
Cancellation. This handbook supersedes MO-300, Inactivation,
1.2
Caretaker Maintenance, Reactivation, and Shore Facilities, dated August 1990.
Definitions. The following sections address the meaning of, and
1.3
differences among, the terms “inactivation,” "caretaker maintenance,"
“reactivation,” and “closure” as used in this handbook. A good understanding
of the differences in usage is important to gain full appreciation of the
technical sections that follow.
IN
Inactivation. Inactivation means temporarily shutting down a
1.3.1
building, facility, or whole base with the long-term intent of using the asset
in the future. Inactivating is equivalent to “mothballing.” In the
inactivation process, a facility is vacated, secured, and made weather-tight.
Afterward, it is inspected on a regular basis per MO-322, Inspection of Shore
Facilities and Appendix A, and maintained for preservation. The key point to
remember is that inactivated facilities are not just locked and then ignored.
They require the investment of resources over time for maintenance to allow
future reactivation. If future needs cannot be identified, than closure would
seem more appropriate than inactivation with caretaker maintenance.
1.3.2
Caretaker Maintenance. Caretaker maintenance refers to the level
of maintenance performed on an inactivated facility to preserve its weather
tightness, security, and protection from fire, rodents, birds, or human
damage. Additionally, caretaker maintenance includes performing those tasks
necessary to keep an inactivated facility aesthetically acceptable when it is
located among other active facilities. Tasks performed for caretaker
maintenance are very similar to those performed in active buildings; only the
degree and frequency may vary. Maintenance should be provided on a cyclic
basis as for active buildings. For example, roof repair or replacement is
required periodically, whether the facility is occupied or inactive. Exterior
1
MIL-HDBK-1130
painting on inactive facilities will be required, but probably not at the same
frequency as for active facilities. Interior painting will likely never be
required as long as a facility remains inactive.
AC
TI
VE
Reactivation. Reactivation involves those actions necessary to
1.3.3
prepare an inactivated building for occupancy. Reactivation will require a
thorough clean-up and painting of the facility interior, as a minimum. It may
require considerably more efforts depending on the length of time the facility
has been inactive and the level of caretaker maintenance performed by the
activity.
For industrial or training facilities, reactivation will require
depreserving or reinstalling equipment. For administrative or personnel
support facilities, reactivation will likely require the provision of new
furnishings as well as a thorough cleaning. A part of reactivation will be
inspection by fire department, preventive medicine, and safety personnel.
Closure. Closure involves shutting down and securing a facility
1.3.4
until the activity can demolish or transfer it to another agency. Closed
facilities receive virtually no inspection or maintenance. Once the decision
is made to close vice inactivate a facility, avoid any expenditure of
resources on the facility. Undertake only those tasks necessary to ensure
safety, provide security, and prevent damage to nearby facilities. Closure
can apply to one facility on an active base or to all facilities when the Navy
closes a whole base. Immediate action should be taken to excess the facility.
1.4
Responsibility
IN
Major Claimant. The major claimant’s responsibility in the
1.4.1
inactivation/closure/reactivation process is very similar to its role in
dealing with a fully operational shore activity. The major claimant should
establish the mission, provide policy direction, and provide the resources
(personnel and dollars) to support whatever inactivation, closure, or
activation actions are needed. Where whole bases are inactivated and
maintained in a caretaker status, the major claimant should make sure that an
appropriate management and maintenance organization remains in place and that
adequate caretaker status funds are provided. This will protect the Navy’s
interest and investment in an activity in caretaker status.
1.4.2
Engineering Field Division (EFD). The NAVFAC EFD plays several
roles in the inactivation/closure/caretaker maintenance/reactivation process.
The EFD Real Estate Division is responsible for real estate matters involving:
a)
The termination of in-grants and out-grants (leases, licenses,
permits, etc.) that affect the activity.
b)
Internal screening of excess property.
c)
Excessing of property to the General Services Administration
(GsA).
2
MIL-HDBK-1130
d) Transfer of real property to other military departments.
e)
Issuance of permits or licenses to other federal agencies,
private parties, or other military departments within the
Department of Defense for the interim use of the activity’s
real property pending disposal by GSA.
TI
VE
If it is determined that property is no longer needed, the EFD
should coordinate the internal screening of the property to determine if
another Navy activity has a need for the property. The EFD will also prepare
the subsequent Title 10 disposal report.
The EFD is responsible for the preparation of the necessary Reports
of Excess Real and Personal Property to facilitate transfer of Class I (land)
or Class II (facilities) property to another military department or to report
it as excess to the GSA for disposal. Additionally, EFD personnel provide
assistance to the claimant or activity in developing facilities
activation/reactivation plans; developing caretaker maintenance plans,
schedules, or standards; and determining public works staffing requirements.
Finally, the EFD can be of major assistance in dealing with
environmental issues surrounding inactivation, closure, or reactivation.
AC
Activity Public Works Department (PWD). The PWD will expend most
1.4.3
of the effort required to inactivate or close facilities. A key concern is
that, in a major inactivation or closure, the PWD will be phased down along
with other departments. The right skills may not be available for the
duration of the inactivation/closure effort. Additionally, when pending
inactivation or closure becomes public knowledge, PWD personnel will begin to
look for other employment. Employees remaining to the end will have limited
incentive to produce. This will further dilute capability to accomplish all
necessary action.
IN
Developing a caretaker organization as early as possible and taking
action to identify staffing for this organization will help provide a more
stable work force. This will provide a variety of workers whose future is
stable and who are more likely to produce to normal management expectation.
Contracting for the inactivation and caretaker organizations may be an useful
alternative in some situations.
The PWD will have to focus on inactivation/closure of facilities
throughout the base. Additionally, the PWD will have to undertake the more
intensive effort to deactivate public works-controlled shops, administrative
space, and utility plants. Depending on the shore activity, the PWD may be
more or less involved in mothballing, removal, and transfer of equipment and
furnishings in non-PWD facilities. However, PWD is clearly concerned with
these same items in buildings, shops, and utility plants controlled by the
PWD. The PWD will also have to transfer, mothball, or dispose of USN-numbered
3
MIL-HDBK-1130
transportation equipment; advise the Officer in Charge of Construction (OICC)
or Officer in Charge (OIC), NAVFAC Contracts, to terminate or modify utility
sales, facility support, and construction contracts; and make sure appropriate
Class I and II property records are up to date.
a)
b)
c)
d)
e)
f)
g)
h)
AC
TI
VE
Closure milestones. Closure milestones for plant property include
1.4.3.1
establishing a deactivation date(s), updating the inventory plant account,
preparing the inactivation plan and checksheets, and inactivating the
facility. Among the principal tasks to be performed in accordance with
planned schedules are the following:
Inventory property and make recommendations for its assignment
to the inactivation category or for disposal.
Prepare and issue job orders and procedures.
Identify shop or contract accomplishment.
Inspect, survey, package, ship, and transfer excess material.
Analyze utility requirements and alter or modify systems.
Inspect and secure inventory.
Adjust plant inventory.
Transfer plant account.
IN
Inspection. A documented, comprehensive inspection should be
1.4.3.2
performed with the inspection team being responsible for the verification of
plant account records and for all accountable property being assigned to the
responsible individual. The inspection team should also provide an up-to-date
Type A annual inspection summary, which will indicate the plant condition.
The work to be accomplished will be determined by whether the activity goes
into an inactive mobilization status or whether the property will be surveyed
and disposed of. The officer in charge should determine the inactive status
for each facility based on the required degree of military readiness and the
guidelines presented in Table 1. Property to be sold or leased should be
maintained in an active or standby status.
A checkoff sheet should be developed which will list the work for
securing the building and the equipment that should be removed. After the
building has been emptied, it is turned over to the public works officer. The
building should not be accepted until all personal property/equipment in the
building is transferred. The maintenance foreman, using the checkoff sheet,
will accomplish the work necessary before securing the building.
4
MIL-HDBK-1130
Table 1
Guidelines For Status of Inactivation
INACTIVE
CLASSIFICATION
RESERVE
STANDBY
ABANDONED/
CLOSED
Ready for
use
Preserved
unused
standby
Cannibalized Unusable
minimal
upkeep
Reactivation
time
O to 72
hours
60 to 90
days (2)
12 to 18
months (2)
None, replace
Length of inactivity (3)
0-3 years
3-5 years
5-7 years
Permanent
Operational
status (1)
Maintenance
Partial
maintenance
Inactive
Dis-establish
(Surplus)
B
c
D
Control
inspection
annually
See para.
1.3.4
A
Level of
maintenance (4)
Qtrly PM,
control
insp. as
required
Control
inspection
annually
AC
Inspection
category (1)
and
frequency
TI
VE
Physical
condition
IN
(1) Reference: NAVFAC MO-322, Vol. 1.
(2) In some cases long lead time items such as major equipment purchase
(repair, or replacement) may require additional time.
(3) An economic analysis should be prepared to determine the breakeven
economic life for the facility. This should be used when determining
the length of inactivation.
(4) Level of Maintenance:
A Maintain economically to ensure full safe and efficient support
and to fulfill facility mission for duration of facility life or
mission.
B Limited maintenance on basis of planned remaining useful life.
Eliminate fire, health, and safety hazards. Patch and reinforce
instead of replacing wherever economical. Consider breakdown
maintenance.
C Limited maintenance to assure weather tightness, structural
stability, protection from fire or erosion, elimination of safety
or health hazards, and to permit reactivation within the period
prescribed under mobilization plans.
D Eliminate fire, safety and health hazards. Prevent pilferage or
loss of items affecting final disposal action. See para. 1.3.4.
5
MIL-HDBK-1130
Upon completion of all work, the checkoff sheet is turned over to
the inspection team for final inspection. If everything is satisfactory, the
inspectors will secure all exterior doors and windows, leaving all interior
windows and doors open. All keys are placed in a marked container which will
remain inside the building at the main entrance door. Secure the main
entrance door by a hasp and padlock with a “SECURED” sign posted adjacent to
it. Keys for the padlock shall be kept by the caretaker staff and the fire
department.
VE
Public Works Center (PWC). Those activities that receive service
1.4.4
from a PWC instead of a PWD will have to rely on the PWC for inactivation/
closure support. Depending on local circumstances, the PWC may also be
phasing down or completely closing. This will affect service provided by the
PWC. In general, notify the PWC as early as possible what services are
required so adequate planning can commence.
AC
TI
Officer in Charge of Construction (OICC)/Officer in Charge (OIC).
1.4.5
Termination, modification, or award of public works contracts should be a part
of any inactivation or closure process. If the Public Works Officer of the
activity is "double-hatted” as the OICC/OIC, co-ordination between the
activity Public Works organization and the NAVFAC contracts organization is
relatively simple. However, geographic separation of the OIC/OICC compounds
co-ordination efforts. In any case, earliest possible notification of
contracting actions is essential. This will help ensure that the
Government avoids a claim situation or continues to pay for contract services
no longer required.
1.5
Economic Issues. In many cases, the decision to inactivate or
close a facility or whole base may be more operationally or politically than
economically driven. However, economics should play a part in the decision
process.
1.5.1
Inactivation vs. Closure. The economic factors involved in the
decision to inactivate or to close and dispose of a facility include:
Caretaker maintenance and operations cost of the inactivated
facility;
b)
Probability of future need;
c)
Cost to excess or demolish the facility; and
IN
a)
d) Cost to construct a new facility, if ever required.
In general, if the facility has a very high value (and therefore
extreme replacement cost), it may be worth keeping in an inactive status for
potential future use. However, if the facility is of relatively low cost and
6
MIL-HDBK-1130
not particularly unique, it may not be worth the caretaker operation and
maintenance costs required to maintain the facility in an inactive status.
In each case, the activity owning the facility should perform an
economic analysis using NAVFAC P-442, Economic Analysis Handbook, to compare
the cost of closure with the long-term cost of maintaining the facility in an
inactive status. Factoring the cost and probability of future facility needs
into this equation will help determine the time span over which to evaluate
alternatives. If a requirement for use of a facility cannot be identified,
closure process should be executed.
AC
TI
VE
Expected Length of Inactivation. Probably the most critical and
1.5.2
most difficult factor to predict in determining whether to inactivate or close
and demolish/excess a facility is the length of time until it could be needed
again. Extending the period of inactivation makes closure and demolition/
excessing more attractive, both economically and from a management standpoint.
The nuisance of managing an inactive facility over a long period is avoided by
demolishing or excessing the facility. The economic analysis described in
para. 1.3.1 could determine a break-even point for inactivation duration.
1.5.3
Probable Future Use. Another consideration in determining what to
do with unneeded facilities is the nature of the unneeded facility. If it is
unique and can only support limited functions, its potential for future use
can be far more limited than a general purpose facility that can be easily and
cheaply modified to support many uses.
IN
Maintaining Building Utility Service. Maintaining utility
1.5.4
services, particularly heating, power, and air conditioning, is the most
effective way to minimize deterioration of and damage to inactive facilities.
However, utilities are expensive. In an unheated building in a cold climate,
interior paint will peel, floor tile will pop up, and residual water in pipes
will freeze. Heating the facility can preclude these problems. On the other
hand, if the facility is inactive for many years, it may be more economical to
repaint, replace floor tile, and repair piping upon reactivation, than to
continuously heat the facility. A parallel situation exists with air
conditioning and humidity control in warm climates. In all cases, the shore
activity will have to compare costs to decide the right course of action to
take.
1.6
Environmental Issues
1.6.1
Introduction. Inactivation or closure of a base may have a
significant environmental impact. Before the decision is made to inactivate
or close facilities, the provisions of the National Environmental Policy Act
(NEPA) and Navy policy will have to be followed. OPNAVINST 5090.1,
Environmental Protection and Natural Resources Manual, provides guidance on
this process. In addition, EFD environmental expertise should be consulted
since state and local regulations are variable and complex. The focus of this
7
MIL-HDBK-1130
handbook is on those general environmental actions that should be considered
before the facility can be inactivated, the facility can be demolished, or
real property can be turned over to GSA for further action.
AC
TI
VE
General Areas of Concern. In general, the process of vacating
1.6.2
facilities and inactivating them or preparing them for demolition will not
cause significant environmental impact. However, those environmental problems
or issues previously identified by the shore activity, particularly hazardous
waste issues, should be resolved prior to demolition or transfer. The shore
activity cannot just ignore sources of pollution or hazardous substances and
transfer the cleanup to some other agency. The Navy is a large generator of
hazardous wastes and, as a result, some Navy real property has been
If that property is later sold, the waste could jeopardize
contaminated.
public health and result in a liability to the Government. In some cases, the
problem may be so severe that closure and transfer to GSA is not possible
without a significant expenditure of resources to mitigate or eliminate the
problem. Asbestos is an item of concern, especially during demolition. In
all cases, consult the EFD environmental branch for guidance and direction.
1.6.3
Hazardous Waste - Specific Areas of Concern. Over the last decade,
the Congress has enacted major legislation concerning the management and
cleanup of hazardous wastes. The Resource Conservation and Recovery Act
(RCRA) of 1976 provides for regulatory controls over the generation,
transportation, treatment, storage, and disposal of hazardous wastes.
IN
RCRA regulates all aspects of hazardous wastes. Its responsibility
lies mostly with the generator. Unless removed, underground storage tanks
should be emptied, cleaned, and disconnected prior to closure. PCB
transformers, switchgears, capacitors, and other PCB electrical equipment
should be disposed of prior to closure or inactivation. All remaining oilfilled equipment should be tested, and records of results should be
maintained. A facility closure may subject waste management facilities,
process equipment, storage equipment, and wastewater treatment facilities to
RCRA regulation. Development of a closure plan may be required. Approval of
a closure plan may result in the need for additional permits or
authorizations.
The Toxic Substances Control Act (TSCA) of 1976 restricts the
manufacture, processing, distribution, and use of polychlorinated biphenyls
(PCBs) . PCBs are toxic synthetic chemicals that are used for various
purposes, such as fire resistance in electric transformers. PCBs have been
associated with adverse health effects.
The Environmental Protection Agency (EPA), citing the Clean Air Act
of 1970, classified asbestos as a hazardous air pollutant in 1978. To
minimize the release of asbestos fibers into the atmosphere, EPA mandated work
practices that are to be followed when demolishing or renovating buildings
containing asbestos material.
8
MIL-HDBK-1130
The Comprehensive Environmental Response, Compensation, and
Liability Act (CERCLA) of 1980, commonly known as “Superfund,” provides for
the cleanup of hazardous waste sites by the party that owned or operated a
site or generated or transported hazardous substances that contaminated a
site. This liability does not terminate when the property is sold to another
party. CERCLA was authorized in 1986 to require, among other things, that EPA
promulgate regulations regarding federal property sales or transfers where
hazardous substances may have been stored, released, or disposed of on the
property. The Navy’s version of the Superfund program is the Installation
Restoration Program (IRP).
AC
TI
VE
Normally, a shore activity in compliance with OPNAVINST 5090.1,
has already identified and cataloged sources of hazardous waste and other
potential sources of pollution. Asbestos surveys list those buildings
containing asbestos. Underground tanks have been identified. PCB
transformers have been inventoried. Disposal sites or dumps that may contain
hazardous waste have been identified. Areas that may contain unexploded
ordnance are cataloged. Petroleum, oil, and lubricant (POL) storage
facilities are known. In these cases, the major concern is that records are
maintained and not lost in the haste to shut down or inactivate an activity.
IN
Security Issues. An activity requires security of inactivated or
1.7
closed facilities awaiting demolition or excessing for multiple reasons.
Keeping a facility secure and preventing unauthorized entry protects both the
facility itself from damage and prevents injuries to people roaming around an
inactive facility. This latter case is particularly true where inactive
facilities are in plain view of on- or off-base personnel. Human curiosity
will eventually win, and someone will try to gain entry into the facility just
to see what is there. In the process of gaining entry, there can and probably
will be damage to the intruder and the facility. While it is virtually
impossible to keep a serious intruder out of a vacant facility, take action to
keep out curiosity seekers. As a minimum, block or lock entrances, replace
broken windows, and patrol the facility on a regular frequency. Facilities
with entrance doors ajar and windows broken or left open invite unauthorized
entry. Boarding will help eliminate broken windows.
For buildings away from the main base or installation (satellite or
outlying facilities), additional precautions may be necessary. If the
building is a considerable distance from the base, a roving patrol may not be
feasible, and the building could be vulnerable to break-ins. An alarm system
on doors and windows may be economically feasible if building contents are
valuable.
Some facilities are not easily secured and may require considerable
investment to prevent unauthorized entry. These facilities may be the type to
demolish rather than retain in an inactive status.
9
MIL-HDBK-1130
Safety Issues. Safety is tied directly to security. If no one
1.8
enters the vacant facility, no one can be injured in the facility. If the
facility is not secured, the activity should be more concerned with safety.
Refer to para. 1.7 for additional security issues.
IN
AC
TI
VE
Fire Prevention Issues. A key to fire prevention in inactivated
1.9
facilities is to limit the highly combustible material and ignition sources
remaining in the facility to only those items required during the inactivation
or closure period. Remove any gasoline or other flammable material from tanks
in and around inactivated facilities. Mow grass and weeds periodically within
25 ft. of the structure. As an alternative, plow fire lanes around the
facility. This may be more economical than frequent mowing. Taking adequate
security measures minimizes fires resulting from unauthorized entry and
activity in the building. More detailed information on inactivation of fire
protection and alarm systems can be found in para. 2.1.13.
Community Relations Issues. Inactivation or closure of a whole
1.10
base or even portions of a base can have a significant impact on surrounding
communities. An unfriendly environment magnifies the disruption and turmoil
of the inactivation/closure process substantially. If the local government
and press are hostile, the whole process becomes more difficult. Information
is key toward maintaining good relationships with the local community. It is
far better to provide as much information as possible on inactivation/closure
milestones and their potential impact than to try to hide the imminent phasedown . Open clear lines of communication to continually pass information to
the local community will help eliminate rumors and the problems caused by
“misinformation." Regular tours and briefings of local community leaders and
the local press are essential to keep hostility to a minimum.
Summary of Navy Real Property Disposal Procedures. The EFD Real
1.11
Estate Division is responsible for the acquisition, management, and disposal
of Navy real property. Basic guidance for these real estate actions is
contained in the NAVFAC P-732, Real Estate Procedures Manual. The P-73
prescribes policies, authorities operating procedures, and responsibilities
for the disposal of real and related personal property under the custody and
control of the Department of the Navy.
Real property disposal procedures are often complex and subject to
changing guidelines, policies, authorities, and procedures. Therefore, it is
imperative that the EFD Real Estate Division be consulted before taking any
action to dispose of or continue to utilize excess Navy real and related
personal property. Under no circumstances should the activity initiate
actions with the GSA concerning disposal of its real property.
1.11.1
GSA Responsibility. The GSA is responsible for ensuring that
Federal real property is utilized and disposed of in the most economical,
10
MIL-HDBK-1130
efficient, and effective manner. GSA derives its authority to dispose of real
and related personal property from the Federal Property and Administrative
Services Act of 1949, 63 Stat. 377, as amended.
1.11.2
Department of Defense Responsibility. The Department of Defense
has been delegated limited authority to directly dispose of real and related
personal property as cited in the Federal Property Management Regulations
(FPMR), Subpart 101-47.6. The FPMR contains specific guidelines for the
disposal of all Federal real and related personal property.
AC
TI
VE
1.11.3
Applicable FPMR Guidelines. Applicable FPMR guidelines have been
incorporated into NAVFAC’s P-73. When Navy real property and associated real
property is identified as “not utilized,” it may be classified as “excess” to
the needs of the Department of the Navy. Under normal procedures, after the
EFD Real Estate Division has reported the property to GSA for disposal, GSA
screens the property to determine if there is an alternative federal use for
the property.
Other Federal Agencies. If another federal agency has an approved
1.11.4
and funded requirement for the property, custody and accountability for the
property may be transferred to the agency, subject to reimbursement to GSA of
100 percent of the property’s fair market value. Property reported excess to
the needs of federal agencies is classified as “surplus” and is disposed of by
GSA . Responsibility for protection and maintenance of excess real property
remains with the reporting agency for a minimum period of 12 months pending
its disposal by GSA.
IN
Navy property reported as excess to GSA is not removed from Navy
plant accounts until disposal by GSA has been completed. Completed guidelines
are contained in the FPMR and the P-73. The FPMR established certain
requirements concerning excess real property which (in its present condition)
is dangerous or hazardous to the environment or presents health and safety
hazards. The Navy should provide information on the extent of contamination,
plans for decontamination, and the extent to which the property may be used
without further decontamination.
If the property is contaminated as a result of Navy use, the Navy
is responsible for funding and supervising its decontamination. The EFD
should be consulted concerning the need for preparation of environmental
assessments and other studies related to disposal of excess real property.
11
MIL-HDBK-1130
Section 2:
INACTIVATION/REACTIVATION
Scope. The sections that follow provide information on
2.1
inactivation/reactivation of various types of facilities and equipment.
Appendix B provides checklists for use in this process. In addition,
manufacturer’s recommendations and literature should be consulted to provide
complete guidance on a particular piece of equipment.
Buildings
2.2.1
Building Envelope Inactivation
AC
TI
VE
2.2
General.
2.2.1.1
status include:
a)
b)
c)
d)
e)
f)
g)
h)
Repair and replacement of damaged or missing building shell
components and roof repairs essential for weather-proofing.
Attention to ventilation requirements.
Prevention of corrosion and freezing.
Identification and storage of equipment and accessories.
Securing of the building.
Deactivation of building utility systems.
Attention to humidity control requirements.
Placement of a sign reading “SECURED” on all inactivated
buildings. This sign should indicate the date and provide an
emergency contact number.
See para. 2.2.17 for special construction or Historic Registerlisted buildings.
IN
i)
Measures to be taken to put a building into inactive
All surfaces of buildings and all other enclosed structures,
including roofs, should be made tight to exclude rain, snow, dust, sand,
animals, birds, and rodents. Minimum maintenance of painted surfaces, roofs,
glazing, and similar work should be accomplished at the time the station is
deactivated and then continued as necessary. Leave building numbers in place
for identification purposes. Adequate ventilation should be provided for all
closed areas and beneath all building floors where skirting has been
installed.
This is particularly important in warm climates to help prevent
mildew.
12
MIL-HDBK-1130
Screens. Screens for windows and doors should either be retained
2.2.1.2
in their respective openings and securely fastened or labeled, removed, and
stored. The proper procedure should be determined by the value of the screens
and the cost of removal and reinstallation. Normally, leaving screens in
place will help prevent entry of birds and animals.
AC
TI
VE
Removal of Debris. Scrap lumber, trash, and other debris should be
2.2.1.3
removed from inside, around, and under buildings and other structures.
Salvage material, such as tin cans and other metals, paper, and grease, should
be hauled to the salvage yard or disposed of in accordance with current
instructions. After removal of debris, clean all floors with a broom.
Interiors of Enclosed Structures. All floors should be made free
2.2.1.4
of chemicals, other corrosive materials, and hazards to personnel or
equipment. Mortar containing metallic-type waterproofing should be applied at
points where moisture wells up through holes and cracks in concrete or similar
floors, in walls, and at junctures of walls and floors. Holes, cracks, and
soft or porous places should be cut back to solid surfaces to provide a key
for the waterproofing materials. Seeping expansion joints should be sealed
with a suitable mastic. Removable floors in showers should be checked,
cleaned, and stacked on edge in their respective rooms.
Exterior Surfaces. Caulking compound conforming to Federal
2.2.1.5
Specification (Fed. Spec.)-TT-C-598, Calking Compound, Oil and Resin Base Type
(for Masonry and Other Structures), should be used to fill caulking failures
and shrinkage cracks around door frames, window frames, and other joints in
wood and masonry structures. Joints in masonry that have dried out, loosened,
or crumbled should be chipped out and repointed with mortor. Nails, screws,
and bolts should be replaced if they have corroded to the extent that moisture
is admitted into the construction; decayed wood should also be replaced. All
loose bolts, screws, brackets, and shackles at joints and at connecting units
should be tightened.
IN
Doors and Windows. Exterior doors should be repaired so that they
2.2.1.6
exclude the elements and prevent unauthorized entry. Windows should be
boarded up and receive the minimum repair necessary to make them weathertight.
They should be boarded up in such a way that the building is not made airtight
as this can lead to mildew/mold problems. Parts such as hinges, locks, bolts,
and catches should be coated with a corrosion preventive compound. Lock
mechanisms should be lubricated with graphite. Doors should be locked, and
their keys should be suitably tagged for identification. Secured doors should
be labeled as to where the keys are kept in custody.
Roofing, Flashing, and Sheet Metal Work. Damaged or uncovered
2.2.1.7
areas on surfaced built-up roofing should be repaired by patching or coating
with a suitable bituminous compound and recovering with additional surfacing
material. Areas on unsurfaced built-up roofing and prepared roofing should be
repaired with saturated felt lapped 6 inches on all sides, embedded in, and
13
MIL-HDBK-1130
surfaced with a suitable bituminous compound. Corroded spots on metal roofing
should be cleaned with a scraper until free of all paint and then sprayed or
brushed with a suitable asphalt compound. Corroded or loose flashing should
be replaced with new flashing of similar material, and all joints should be
made weatherproof. Joints only slightly open as a result of drying and
contraction may be sealed by gun-caulking with a suitable waterproofing
compound. Roof drains, gutters, leaders, and all other outside sheet metal
work should have corroded spots cleaned and treated as indicated for metal
roofing.
AC
TI
VE
2.2.2
Building Envelope Reactivation. Determining which buildings to
reactivate will depend upon an evaluation of functional and structural
requirements for reactivation based on available assets. Upon completion of
this evaluation, a facility that is found suitable should be thoroughly
inspected for a final determination of specific maintenance, repair, and
cleaning requirements.
The facility must meet applicable codes and regulations or offer
the possibility to be brought up to code within a reasonable cost. Items that
may have been permitted at the time the building was initially constructed may
no longer be allowed. Newer, more restrictive codes may now have to be met.
Areas of particular concern are:
a)
b)
c)
Life safety codes (number and type of exits, sprinklers,
occupancy requirements).
Sanitation requirements (number and type of fixtures, materials
for floors and walls).
Electrical requirements (wiring may have to be brought to
current standard).
IN
Local codes may be more restrictive than national codes and may
contain provisions that could involve major reconstruction. A thorough
evaluation must be made to ensure code compliance and to estimate the costs of
returning the facility to use versus new construction.
2.2.3
Building Mechanical Systems Inactivation
Compressors. Air and gas compressors should be prepared for
2.2.3.1
preservation when the main engine is prepared. Compressors lubricated from
the crankcase of the main engine should be lubricated with preservative oil at
the time the preservative oil is applied to the main engine. Clutches that
are to be stored completely assembled must be locked in the disengaged
position to eliminate contact between lining and pressure plate.
When air and gas compressors have a separate crankcase from the
main engine, the crankcase should be drained and filled to the proper level
14
MIL-HDBK-1130
with preservative oil. The compressor should be run for five minutes, and
while it is operating, preservative oil should be sprayed into the intake with
the air cleaner removed until the oil coming from the unloader shows no sign
of emulsification. After compressors have been treated, they should be tagged
and dated.
2.2.3.2
AC
TI
VE
Treat compressors to inhibit corrosion. The water jackets in the
engine block and in the radiator should be flushed out with a mixture
consisting of 60 percent antifreeze and 40 percent water. The water jackets
should then be drained, and openings not otherwise closed should be plugged
with suitable wood plugs and sealed with tape. Hydraulic couplings should be
refilled with oil. If a compressor is to stand idle for a long period, remove
the piston rod packing to avoid corrosion and pitting of the rods.
Engines
a)
Diesel Engines. Diesel engines should be run for at least 5
minutes, at a speed of not more than 15 percent above the
normal operating speed, under no load. Lubricating oil should
then be drained, and a yellow tag should be attached either to
the crankcase oil filler cap or in a conspicuous place on a
radial engine. This tag should read:
"CAUTION: This engine was treated for storage on (date) .
When the engine is placed in service, refill lubricating
oil sump with
."
IN
Fuel lines and injectors should be drained and filled with
flushing oil. The exterior surfaces of the engines should be
cleaned of dirt and grease. All openings in engines and
accessories, including breathers, air intakes, exhausts,
exhaust expansion joints, and openings in starters and
generators, must be closed with plastic sheeting or waterproof
paper and taped. After all unprotected exterior surfaces of
engines are dry, all taped surfaces and all engine accessories,
except electrical wiring and accessories, should be sprayed
with a preservative compound.
b) Gasoline Engines. Gasoline engines should be run on unleaded,
undyed gasoline for at least 10 minutes beyond the time
required to run out the leaded gasoline in the lines and
carburetor. Interior surfaces of engines should be treated
with crankcase preservative oil as follows: remove spark
plugs; while the engine is rotating, spray sufficient oil
through spark plug holes for adequate protection to cylinder
walls, valve heads and stems, and valve guides using an airatomizing type of spray gun. For L-head type engines, the oil
may be poured in spark plug holes instead of spraying. Replace
15
MIL-HDBK-1130
all spark plugs, or seal the holes with suitable threaded metal
plugs and gaskets. For valve-in head engines, valve covers
should be removed, and the preservative oil sprayed over rocker
mechanisms, interiors of valve covers, between cylinder blocks
and side plates, over push rods, and into oil filler and
crankcase ventilator pipes. The entire fuel system, including
carburetor, fuel pump, strainer, and fuel lines, should be
drained; and all parts should be dry. The lubricating oil
system should be drained, and a yellow tag attached to the oil
filler cap with the following information:
AC
TI
VE
“CAUTION: This engine was treated for storage on (date) .
When the engine is placed in service, refill oil sump with
"
Exterior surfaces should be cleaned; openings, sealed; and
surfaces, sprayed with preservative compound.
Pumps. Pumps should not be left in pits or other locations where
2.2.3.3
they are subject to water damage. When there is danger of pits being flooded,
pumps should be raised to floor level or removed to storage. Pumps withdrawn
from service but not removed to storage should be thoroughly cleaned, flushed
with fresh water, lubricated, and treated to inhibit corrosion. After pumps
have been treated, they should be tagged and dated.
a)
Centrifugal Pumps. The pump shaft should be covered with heavy
grease. All openings should be capped or covered securely, and
all petcocks left open.
b) Rotary Pumps. The procedure should be as indicated for
centrifugal pumps. One additional requirement is that a small
amount of heavy oil should be poured into the rotor inlet and
the pump rotated by hand until the rotor and moving parts are
thoroughly covered with oil.
Steam-Driven Pumps. Steam lines and water-packing lines should
be drained, and all openings capped or blanked off. Packing
nuts should be loosened. A small amount of oil should be
poured into the steam chest, and the valves should be moved to
ensure a coating of oil between the valves and seats and on the
cylinders, rings, and pistons. Petcocks should be left open,
but all other openings should be covered to exclude dust and
foreign material. The cylinder head should be loosened on the
water end to ensure that all water is eliminated. Cylinder
walls and pistons of water pumps ‘should be covered with a
protective film of oil.
IN
c)
16
MIL-HDBK-1130
AC
TI
VE
Plumbing. If the building is to be inactivated without heat or
2.2.3.4
water service, the following applies. All plumbing fixtures and supply piping
should be drained, including hot and cold water storage tanks, in buildings
not required for use by maintenance personnel. Supply lines for gas, air,
water, and other liquids should be closed at the curb valve. Moving parts of
the master valves within buildings should be removed and greased. When the
curb valve is not of the stop-and-waste type, water should be pumped from the
line between the master valve and the curb valve. Water traps on gas and air
lines should be drained. The hot and cold water service lines should be
drained through valves located at the lowest point in the system. Storagetype water heaters should be drained. Reservoirs, standpipes, and tanks
inside or outside buildings should be drained of all liquids unless they are
kept in service for fire protection or other purposes. All traps located at
plumbing fixtures and drains in the sanitary system should be drained of their
respective water seals. Traps should be immediately refilled with antifreeze
to the normal water seal height. Antifreeze types should be approved by
NAVFAC Code 10. This will prevent freezing in temperatures below 40 degrees F
and bacterial growth in higher temperatures. Built-in trap seals in plumbing
fixtures should be drained or treated with antifreeze; other trap seals should
be drained by removing the cleanout plugs.
All sources of air contamination in buildings, such as drainage
sumps, cleanouts, traps, grease interceptors, and industrial waste separators,
should be emptied and cleaned. Sanitary sewer lines should be plugged to
prevent the entrance of sewer gas into unoccupied buildings through plumbing
fixtures and drains. Care should be taken, however, to preclude stoppage of
drain lines that serve the roof,. the floor, the area drains, and other
connections that must be kept in service. Sewer lines that connect to
manholes and do not carry storm water may be plugged in the manholes; a record
should be kept of all plugged sewer lines.
2.2.4
Building Mechanical Systems Reactivation
IN
General. When reactivating engines and compressors, give special
2.2.4.1
attention to the warning tags left on equipment at deactivation, with specific
attention to lubrication systems. Use oil conforming to Military
Specification (MIL)-L-9000H, Lubricating Oil, Shipboard Internal Combustion
Engine, High Output Diesel, Seasonal Grade. All engines, pumps, compressors,
electrical switchgear, transformers, electric motors, heating systems,
boilers, water-softening and filtering equipment, and controls will require
inspection, testing, and restoration to normal operation. Installation of
items placed in storage, lubrication, and replacement of deteriorated parts
will also require attention.
Compressors. Compressors having a separate crankcase should have
2.2.4.2
the preservative oil removed from the crankcase and replaced with the proper
grade, viscosity, and quantity of operating lubricating oil. Tighten all
bolts, nuts, and capscrews. Turn the compressor over by hand to ensure that
17
MIL-HDBK-1130
there is no binding or interference of working parts. Check the air cleaner
on the suction line and the valves on discharge line between the compressor
and the air receiver to make sure they are free and open. Test relief valves
and automatic controls.
Engines
a)
Diesel Engines. Remove storage oil from fuel lines and
injectors by flushing them with diesel fuel. Remove all
closures and seals on engine openings and accessories,
including breathers, air intakes, exhaust expansion joints, and
openings on starters and generators. Check to see that the
lubricating oil in the oil sump is of the proper grade,
viscosity, and quantity; and make certain that all accessories
are properly lubricated.
AC
TI
VE
2.2.4.3
b) Gasoline Engines. Release sealed openings on gasoline engines.
Remove spark plugs and spray (atomized) 2 ounces of SAE 10
motor oil in each cylinder. With the ignition off, rotate the
engine for several cycles, then replace the spark plugs. Check
ignition wiring and other wiring to ensure that it is in place
and in serviceable condition.
Pumps. Lubricate all parts in accordance with the manufacturer’s
2.2.4.4
recommendations or instructions attached to the pump. Pay particular
attention to packing; replace it if it is deteriorated or dry. Disinfect
pumps transmitting potable water.
a)
Steam-Driven Pumps. Uncap or release capped, blanked-off
openings on steam-driven pumps, steam lines, and water lines.
Tighten packing nuts. Remove covers over openings and tighten
the cylinder head. Close petcocks.
IN
b)
Centrifugal and Rotary Pumps. Uncap or uncover openings on
centrifugal and rotary pumps and close petcocks. Check
rotating parts to determine if they turn freely; turn the pump
by hand and listen for unusual noises. Repack the pump if the
packing gland leaks excessively.
2.2.4.5
Plumbing. Plumbing fixtures and piping systems, including hot and
cold water storage tanks, should be flushed thoroughly and refilled. All
potable water piping systems should be disinfected in accordance with
NAVFACINST 11330.14, Safe Drinking Water at Navy Shore Activities. supply
lines and traps for gas, air, water, and other liquids should be blown out or
flushed and refilled. All valves, faucets, drains, and flushing equipment
should be made operable. Moving parts of the master valves should be
repaired, when necessary. Any antifreeze used to prevent the system from
freezing or to inhibit bacteria growth should be drained and disposed of
18
MIL-HDBK-1130
properly in accordance with EPA regulations. All sources of air contamination
in buildings, such as drainage sumps, cleanouts, traps, grease interceptors,
and industrial waste separators, should be unstopped, cleaned, and prepared
for service. Any repairs necessary should be made in accordance with NAVFAC
MO-114, Building Maintenance, Plumbing, Heating, and Ventilating, Volumes 1-3.
2.2.5
Building Electrical Systems Inactivation
AC
TI
VE
2.2.5.1
General. Electrical service will be required for guards, security
forces, and maintenance personnel. An evaluation should be made to determine
minimum essential power requirements; distribution service should then be
tailored to only those requirements in order to minimize costs.
The size of the installation and quantity of electrical equipment
installed need to be evaluated to determine whether to remove the equipment to
storage or to disconnect, inspect, preserve, and store the equipment in place.
If the installation is small- to medium-sized and has adequate warehouse space
available, it may be more economical to inspect, remove, preserve, and store
electrical equipment in a central warehouse. Considerations need to be given
to the quantity of equipment, the cost to remove and centrally store, the
availability of warehouse space, and the cost of labor costs.
a)
Inspection and Test. While being preserved for storage,
electrical equipment should be inspected and tested. A record
of these inspections and tests should be kept to indicate the
maintenance required to return the equipment to full service.
b) Miscellaneous Equipment. Test equipment, electronic equipment,
instruments, and gauges should be removed, labeled as to their
exact location, wrapped in water-absorbant paper or plastic,
packed in wooden boxes with shock cushioning, and placed in dry
storage. Time clocks and photoelectric switches or control
devices should be removed, wrapped, and packed in wooden boxes
with shock cushioning.
IN
2.2.5.2
Lighting Systems. In buildings that are to be kept ready for
operation, lamps should be left in place, and all switches should be left
open. If exterior lighting is to be maintained, street and fence lighting
should not be disturbed. In buildings that are to be completely shut down and
that will contain no stored material, fuses should be removed from fuse boxes,
breakers should be left open, and all main switches should be kept open.
Lamps in these buildings should be removed and placed in stock, ready for use
elsewhere. In large buildings or those containing a considerable amount of
stored material, machinery, or other equipment requiring protective storage, a
sufficient number of lamps to provide adequate illumination should be left in
their sockets.
19
MIL-HDBK-l130
Electrical Equipment Withdrawn from Service. Electrical equipment
2.2.5.3
withdrawn from service, but not removed to storage, should be protected to
inhibit corrosion. Lightning arrestors should be left connected and in
service.
Service switches in empty buildings should be open, and the
continuity and condition of neutral grounds at switches should be checked.
Switches for electrical or mechanical equipment should be left in the “OFF” or
open position. Fuses should be removed and placed inside the fuse boxes,
which should be securely closed. All disconnected wires, corresponding
connections, and switches should be labeled appropriately.
AC
TI
VE
Shrouding. Equipment should be covered completely with plastic or
2.2.5.4
waterproof paper. Covering should be secured in place by waterproof tape
along the edges of the top and sides of the covering or by wire or other
fasteners as long as it is waterproof at the top. The bottom of the shroud
should not be sealed. If two or more sheets of shrouding are joined, joints
need to be sealed so that they are as waterproof as the shrouding material
itself. Shrouding material may be applied in a shingle-type covering with at
least 24 inches overlap; sealing is not required as long as waterproof
protection from above is maintained.
2.2.5.5
Motors, Generators, and Control Equipment. Motors in dry locations
and those totally enclosed should be protected in plastic. All motors and
generator sets on permanent mounts should be protected/preserved in place.
Motors and generators in damp locations should be cleaned, covered, and
removed to dry storage. Motors, generators, control panels, switch boxes,
circuit breakers, fuses, and control devices should be protected from dirt,
dust, water, and mechanical damage by being covered with shrouds. Prior to
shrouding, equipment should be cleaned, lubricated, and securely blocked and
braced to prevent movement. Lubrication procedures that apply to the specific
equipment should be followed in preparing material for inactivation.
Commutators. When accessible, lift the brushes and apply waxfree, Grade A, grease-proof paper around the commutator; then
let the brushes rest against paper wrapping commutator. Rustpreventive compound should not be applied to the commutator.
IN
a)
b) Exposed Steel Shafts. Exposed steel shafts of motors and
generators should be cleaned with solvent and coated with
corrosion-preventive compound. Care should be taken to keep
corrosion-preventive compound out of bearings, commutators,
brushes, brush holders, collector rings, windings, and similar
parts.
c)
Bearings and Journals. Grease- or oil-lubricated journals,
bearings, or similar surfaces should be lubricated as
recommended by the manufacturer. Journal boxes and bearings
should be wrapped in plastic or waterproof paper for protection
from dust and dirt.
20
MIL-HDBK-1130
Batteries. When possible, lead acid batteries should be stored in
2.2.5.6
a charged condition using a float charge. If it is not possible to float
charge the batteries, the electrolyte should be drained, and the battery
should be placed in dry storage. Nickel-alkali batteries should be fully
discharged and placed in storage without draining off the electrolyte. When
batteries are stored, leads should be disconnected and taped. Terminals need
to be protected with corrosion-preventive compound.
2.2.6
Building Electrical System Reactivation
AC
TI
VE
General. Remove all shrouding, protective wrappings, and coatings.
2.2.6.1
Clean all corroded fittings and contacts. Verify electrical conditions by
appropriate tests (dielectric or insulation resistance). Make necessary
connections to restore equipment and systems to normal operating conditions.
Use the inactivation and storage test and inspection data as a baseline for
proper operation. Replace fuses, reset breakers, and re-energize the system
only after careful examination to ensure that there is no potential shock
hazard from bare wires or removed panel covers.
Lighting Systems. Inspect all parts of lighting system and insert
2.2.6.2
new or undamaged lamps of the proper size and voltage in empty sockets. Clean
lighting fixtures and repair or replace them as necessary. Recommended light
intensities and procedures for cleaning fixtures are shown in NAVFAC MO-116,
Facilities Engineering, Electrical Interior Facilities. Insert fuses of the
proper size in fuse-type switches and panel boards. Check all switches for
proper operation.
IN
Motors, Generators, Controls, and Other Electrical Equipment.
2.2.6.3
Clean, inspect, and test all such equipment. Repair or replace faulty parts.
Clean control equipment by blowing it out with moisture-free, compressed air
(not to exceed 50 psi). Remove time, clocks, relays, photoelectric cells,
instruments, electronic tubes, and other devices from storage; check, repair
if necessary, and reinstall them. Remove shrouding on equipment and greaseproof wrapping around commutators, release blocked motors and generators, and
lubricate them in accordance with manufacturer’s instructions. Motors,
generators, and transformers unused for extended periods of time may have to
be dried out. Drying out should be accomplished only by experienced personnel
using approved methods. Check insulation resistance with an ohmmeter.
Resistance should be a minimum of 1 megohm and not less than 1 megohm for each
1,000 volts of operating power.
Heating, Ventilating and Air Conditioning (HVAC) Systems
2.2.7
Inactivation
General. Careful attention should be given to completely drying
2.2.7.1
and draining all equipment and to maintaining a protective film on all
surfaces that might be attacked by moisture. Close all openings having to do
with HVAC systems to prevent entry of weather, insects, animals, or birds.
21
MIL-HDBK-1130
All loose parts and accessories should be secured to the equipment from which
they were removed to facilitate reactivation. Boiler, furnace, and air
conditioning rooms should be left clean and orderly.
AC
TI
VE
Minimum heat may need to be maintained when it is necessary to
protect valuable machinery, buildings, structure and equipment, interior fire
hose outlets, and working personnel from extreme cold. Minimum air
conditioning may be necessary in extremely hot and humid climates to provide
the same facility, equipment and personnel protection. In the event that heat
or air conditioning is required, fuel and power sources should be maintained.
Heat should not be discontinued until all plumbing fixtures and piping have
been drained and treated with antifreeze. See para. 2.2.3.4.
Provide protection for air conditioning systems withdrawn from
service but not removed to storage. Machined and other surfaces and bearings
should be painted and treated with rust-preventive coatings. Painted interior
and exterior surfaces of casings, structural supports, drain pans of unit
coolers and evaporative condensers, and all other parts of equipment that show
signs of corrosion should be primed and painted. Remove fan wheels and shafts
before painting; distribute evenly paint sprayed on fan wheels casings and
housings should be dismantled sufficiently to allow proper cleaning and
painting, then reassembled. Exercise semi-annually HVAC controls, rotating
equipment, valves, dampers, etc., to prevent corrosion freeze-up.
To prevent contact with paint, bearing surfaces and journals should
be protected with plastic or tape. Fan motors, belts, pumps, usable-pads, and
filters should be removed, cleaned, wrapped, and packed in suitable cartons.
Tension on all belts should be loosened or relieved. All outside exhaust and
intake openings and louvers should be closed, as well as air supply grills and
ducts to buildings. Fans should be blocked to prevent rotation.
IN
Heating Equipment and Piping. Heating equipment and piping
2.2.7.2
withdrawn from service, but not removed, should be protected to inhibit
corrosion, as indicated in para. 2.2.7.3. Boilers, pressure parts, auxiliary
equipment, and all connecting lines should be drained, mud and scale
accumulations washed out, and equipment and lines dried with compressed air.
Connecting lines should be capped or sealed to ensure that boilers remain
absolutely dry; all water remaining in drums or headers should be sponged out.
Clean-out and drain plugs on cast-iron boilers and water heaters should be
removed, and the opening left open and covered with screen to allow full
circulation of air; plugs and caps should be attached with cord or wire near
their respective openings. Boilers need desiccant or a nitrogen blanket for
watersides in dry lay-up. Refer to the manufacturer’s instruction on this
subject.
All supply and return lines should be drained of all water or
condensate. If necessary, lines and heaters should be drilled and tapped at
low points to ensure that all water is eliminated. All openings, once drained
22
MIL-HDBK-1130
and dried, should be capped tightly. Circulating tubes that are too flat to
drain completely should be blown out with compressed air. Further moisture
should be dried by circulating air or heat from a portable heater through the
furnace.
Corrosion Prevention. After cleaning, surfaces should be painted,
2.2.7.3
touched up if already painted, or treated with oil or an anti-rust compound.
The fire sides of tubes, shells, and fire boxes, as well as
accessible surfaces of drums and tubes, should be painted or
treated to inhibit rust. Bearings and journal boxes should be
treated as indicated in para. 2.2.5.5.c. Gears in internal
gear cases that do not run in grease should be coated with the
type of oil normally used for lubrication. Used grease should
be removed from grease-packed gear cases, and the cases
refilled with clear grease of the proper type.
AC
TI
VE
a)
b) Unpainted, machined surfaces should be coated with corrosionpreventive compounds. Threads and finished surfaces on steel
pipe left exposed when disconnected should be protected with
afilm of graphite and oil. Interior and exterior painted
surfaces that show signs of corrosion should be retouched with
paint. Sheet metal that is not galvanized should be painted.
IN
Space Heaters and Warm-Air Furnaces. Coal, ashes, soot, and carbon
2.2.7.4
should be removed from combustion chambers, grates, and ashpits of space
heaters and warm-air furnaces. Firing equipment, such as shakers and lidlifters, should be placed in the firebox, and the firebox door closed and
secured. Ash boxes should be thoroughly cleaned, the ashpan replaced, and the
ash door closed and secured. Smokepipes should be taken down, and soot and
carbon removed. All openings should be closed; if vent pipes cannot be
removed, they should be tightly capped. Draft controls in stacks should be
blocked in a closed position. Exposed metal parts should be protected with a
coating of stove blacking. Humidifiers should be drained thoroughly;
waterlines should be shut off and drained. If necessary, doors should be
blanked, and all ventilation openings should be covered.
Air Conditioning Equipment. The refrigerant should be removed from
2.2.7.5
air conditioning equipment and put into storage cylinders appropriately marked
with the type of refrigerant and the date. Suitable warning labels should
then be posted on switches and controls of equipment to indicate that
refrigerant has been removed. If the oil in crankcases of compressors appears
to be dirty or contaminated, crankcases should be drained, flushed, and
refilled to the proper level with oil of the proper type. All equipment,
including waterlines, cylinder jackets, condensers, pumps, and water pans,
should be flushed with fresh water and drained, leaving all vents and drains
open. Openings should be covered with screens.
23
MIL-HDBK-1130
Cooler and condenser coils should be sprayed with a commercial
grade liquid cleaner or detergent, flushed with water, and dried with
compressed air. Outdoor cooling towers and evaporative condensers, including
piping, should be flushed, drained, and adequately protected with paint or
other corrosion preventive coating; piping should be disconnected at
equipment.
AC
TI
VE
Coils and traps should be valved off and drained. Humidifying
systems should be shut off and flushed, cleaned, and drained. Humidifying
pads or filtering elements not suitable for further use should be discarded;
usable pads and filters should be removed, cleaned, wrapped, and packed in
suitable containers. Pneumatic control systems, including compression
equipment, should be drained of water deposits and blown dry with compressed
air.
2.2.7.6
Mechanical Ventilating Systems. Surfaces of equipment and bearings
should be protected to inhibit corrosion. Blower shafts should be greased
with heavy cup grease, and all bearings should be oiled. Driving pulleys and
fan belts should be removed and fastened to driven pulleys.
Heating, Ventilating and Air Conditioning (HVAC) Systems
2.2.8
Reactivation
General.
2.2.8.1
Inspect heating and air conditioning systems and test
them for proper operation. Remove all sealing devices from ducts and filters;
check for blockage caused by any accumulation of dust and dirt. Check all
electrical and plumbing connections. Remove shrouding and preservation
material and compounds and ready equipment for return to service. All piping
should be checked for leaks and repaired as necessary.
IN
Air Conditioning Systems. Replace stored refrigerant or add new
2.2.8.2
refrigerant in all refrigeration equipment. Remove all closures on outside
exhaust and intake openings and louvers, on air supply grills, and on ducts to
buildings. Release blocked fans. Replace all fan motors, belts, pumps,
usable pads, and filters that have been stored. Inspect and adjust belts.
Suitable filtering or softening material should be replaced in filters and in
water-softening equipment in accordance with the manufacturer’s
recommendations. Stored, usable humidifying pads or filtering elements should
be cleaned and installed.
Mechanical Ventilating Systems. Remove heavy grease from blower
2.2.8.3
shafts and lubricate all bearings. Check all driving pulleys for proper
operation and adjust drive belt tension.
Automatic Control Equipment and Meters. Meters and instruments
2.2.8.4
removed from their mountings should be re-installed on automatic control
equipment.
Pipe connections from controls to heating equipment should be
reconnected, flushed, and filled. All containers for water, ink, or acid on
24
MIL-HDBK-1130
carbon dioxide meters and similar instruments should be refilled. Stored
glass containers should be installed. Thermostats should be checked. Check
valves, pressure regulators, etc. , should be inspected to make sure they are
operable. When boilers are fired, combustion safeguards should be inspected
and tested to ensure proper sequence and operation of the programming
controls.
E
Heating Equipment and Piping. All equipment and piping should
2.2.8.5
first be checked for leaks or corrosion and repaired if necessary. All cleanout and drain plugs should be placed back, and any screens removed. Lines to
boilers should be uncapped. Allow water to circulate through the system to
flush out any debris. Check all controls before firing the system up.
2.2.9
TI
V
Space Heaters and Warm-Air Furnaces. Firing equipment, smokepipes,
2.2.8.6
and any other pieces removed during inactivation should be cleaned and
reinstalled. Waterlines to humidifiers should be re-opened, and all
ventilation openings should be uncovered. The draft control in the stack
should be checked for proper operation. The unit should then be fired and
tested.
Refrigeration Equipment Inactivation
AC
Iceplant and Brine Systems. The refrigerant should be removed from
2.2.9.1
the equipment and stored in cylinders appropriately marked with the type of
refrigerant, date and equipment. Brine tanks, water tanks, piping systems,
strainers, and traps should be thoroughly flushed with fresh water and
drained. Blowers, agitators, crane equipment, can fillers, ice-dump
equipment, exposed surfaces of brine coolers and cooling coils, and all
unprotected metal surfaces should be protected with paint. Ice cans should be
cleaned, repainted as required, and stored in a dry place.
IN
2.2.9.2
Refrigerated Spaces. Interior surfaces of cold storage rooms and
refrigerators should be cleaned. Movable shelving, floor gratings, and
dunnage should be removed, cleaned, and dried; meat hooks should be removed,
cleaned, and packed in suitable cartons. These parts should be stored in cold
storage rooms or refrigerators. Meat tracks, scales, door hinges, and
miscellaneous hardware should be cleaned and coated with a light film of
preservative. Door gaskets should be cleaned with doors fastened in a
partially open or open position. To ease the weight on the hinges, blocks
should be placed under doors. Exterior openings should be covered to exclude
the weather.
2.2.10
Refrigeration Equipment Reactivation
Refrigeration Equipment. The refrigeration equipment should first
2.2.10.1
be checked for leaks and repaired. The system can then be refilled with the
stored refrigerant or with new refrigerant when necessary. Check the oil in
the crankcases of compressors. If it is dirty or contaminated, the crankcases
25
MIL-HDBK-1130
should be flushed and refilled to the proper level with oil of the proper
type; dry crankcases should be similarly filled. Check for leaks in receivers
and refrigerant piping and repair them as required. All equipment, including
water lines, cylinder jackets, condensers, pumps, and water pans, should be
flushed with fresh water and refilled. Cooler and condenser coils should be
brushed with a wire brush and cleaned with compressed air; air-cooled
condensers that are heavily filmed with grease should be cleaned. Outdoor
cooling towers and evaporative condensers, including piping, should be
flushed, refilled, and reactivated. Disconnected piping should be reconnected
to equipment.
AC
TI
VE
Refrigerated Spaces. Clean the interior surfaces of cold storage
2.2.10.2
rooms and refrigerators and repair them as necessary. All shelving, floor
gratings, dunnage, and meat hooks that have been stored should be cleaned and
Meat tracks should be cleaned, as well as scales, door hinges,
installed.
door gaskets, and miscellaneous hardware. Remove covers on exterior openings.
IN
Water-Softening and Filtering Equipment Inactivation. The zeolite,
2.2.11
for water softening, should be stored in an airtight container, in a
regenerated wet condition. Steel tanks and pressure-type softeners and
filters should be drained by opening the lowest drain connection or drain plug
and by removing the top manhole, handhole, or plug. Except where there is
danger of damage from freezing, the wood-gravity type should not be drained
and allowed to become dry. All waterlines to softeners and filters should be
disconnected and capped or blanked off. The exterior surfaces of steel tanks,
piping, and valves should be cleaned and painted. The inside of steel tanks
above zeolite or other types of beds should be scraped, cleaned, and painted
with asphalt varnish. On zeolite tanks, manhole covers and plugs should be
removed to permit passage of air through the tanks; to prevent loss, covers
and plugs should be securely fastened to the tanks or piping. Brine and salt
tanks should be emptied, scraped, washed clean, and painted inside and outside
with the asphalt varnish. Multiport valves should be greased internally in
accordance with the manufacturer’s instruction. Hydraulic valve lines and
brine pumps should be drained and cleaned. Salt from brine or salt tanks
should be stored in a clean, dry place.
2.2.12
Water-Softening and Filtering Equipment Reactivation. Al 1
disconnected water lines to softeners and filters should be connected; capped
or blanked-off ends should be released. When corroded, the inside of steel
tanks above zeolite or other types of beds should be scraped, cleaned, and
painted with asphalt varnish in accordance with Fed. Spec. TT-V-51F,
Varnish: Asphalt. Stored zeolite manhole covers and plugs should be
installed on the storage tanks. Remove preservatives that prevent proper
operation of the system. Disinfect equipment transmitting or processing
potable water in accordance with NAVFACINST 11330.14.
26
MIL-HDBK-1130
2.2.13
Fire Protection and Alarm Systems Inactivation
Fire Extinguishers. At least two ordinary pump tank fire
2.2.13.1
extinguishers should be winterized and placed at the exterior of main
entrances to the building or in groups within reasonable distances of smaller
buildings. These extinguishers require periodic inspection at the same
frequencies required for active buildings.
AC
TI
VE
Automatic Sprinklers. Dry-pipe sprinkler systems should be kept in
2.2.13.2
service at all times, and deluge valves and other motivating elements should
be kept well above freezing temperatures, in heated locations, or in dry-pipe
valve cabinets. Wet-pipe systems should also be kept in service at all times,
if economic studies determine that during periods of potential freezing
temperatures, the structures should be kept heated to at least 40 degrees F to
aid in preserving the building and equipment. In all cases, wet systems
should remain active during warm and temperate seasons. This requires proper
drainage and protection against freezing during cold seasons or periods.
Electric strip heaters may be provided for valve enclosures, pits, pumprooms,
etc. where electric service is available. Exceptional conditions may require
conversion of wet-pipe to dry-pipe operation. If water tanks are used as the
primary or reserve supply for fire protection or hydrant systems, suitable
heating facilities for maintaining the water above 40 degrees F should be
provided.
2.2.13.3
Alarm Systems. Automatic fire alarm systems should be kept in
service; in some instances, minor changes may be necessary in the provisions
for receiving alarms from such systems. Manual alarm systems of both the
combination watch-and-fire alarm and the single fire alarm type should also be
kept in service. No changes should be made in the fire alarm box circuits or
box locations when reasonable security and supervision are provided.
IN
Fire Reporting Telephones. Keep systems in service to meet fire
2.2.13.4
alarm transmission requirements. When the administrative switchboard of a
station is disconnected and when the fire-reporting telephone lines terminate
in this switchboard, these lines should be re-terminated in the firehouse
designated for that purpose. Consider providing an extension for
communication to the administrative building. Also, consider combining fireand guard-reporting telephones into one system, provided that both systems
have compatible circuit features and are supervised electronically.
2.2.14
Fire Protection and Alarm Systems Reactivation
2.2.14.1
Fire Extinguishers. All fire extinguishers in use should be
inspected, tested, recharged/refilled, or replaced if necessary. Additional
extinguishers of the appropriate type for the location prescribed should be
provided when necessary. See MIL-HDBK-1008A, Fire Protection for Facilities
Engineering, Design, and Construction, for further details.
27
MIL-HDBK-1130
AC
TI
VE
Automatic Sprinklers. Sprinkler systems, including dry-pipe
2.2.14.2
valves, alarm valves, deluge valves, and trimmings, should be inspected and
thoroughly tested in-accordance with NAVFAC MO-117, Maintenance of Fire
Protection Systems, prior to being placed back in commission. Dry-pipe and
deluge valves should be given the “trip” test. Air compressors for the drypipe-systems should be tested and placed in good operating condition. Perform
a hydrostatic pressure test on wet- and dry-pipe systems. Repair and replace
missing or defective valves, sprinkler heads, water flow alarms, and other
operating parts of the system. Automatic systems that were converted from
wet- to dry-pipe systems to protect them from freezing during inactivation
should, when appropriate, be converted back to wet-pipe systems when
reactivated.
2.2.14.3
Alarm Systems. Automatic and manual fire alarm systems should be
inspected and tested by the EFD fire protection engineer. Make changes,
repairs, and replacements, as recommended by him, to provide a fully operable,
adequate, and reliable system.
2.2.15
Weight Handling Equipment Inactivation
Elevators and Hoists. Elevators and hoists should be cleaned and
2.1.15.1
thoroughly lubricated. All unpainted surfaces subject to corrosion should be
protected with a corrosion-preventive compound. Cars should be left at the
bottom of the hoistways. To relieve tension on cables, counterweights should
be blocked up or removed and lowered to the bottom of the hoistways. Cars or
counterweights should not be allowed to rest on buffers. All hoist equipment
should be lubricated, and load line clips and guides should be inspected for
wear and damage. Replace them if necessary. For hydraulic equipment, replace
broken fittings, change the oil and filter, and lubricate the generator,
starter, and distributor shaft, if applicable, using the manufacturer’s
reference charts. Inspect and replace hydraulic oil and hydraulic pump belts.
IN
2.2.15.2
Cranes. All bearings, couplings, reducers, and limit-switch gear
cases on cranes should be filled with the required lubricants. Rollers,
roller path, kingpins, collector-ring assemblies, boom-hinge pins, metal
surfaces of friction clutches, brakes, bearing surfaces, moving contacts, and
all other unpainted parts subject to corrosion should be coated with
corrosion-preventive compound. All sheaves, pins, blocks, cables, drum
grooves, and miscellaneous hardware should be greased. The heavy grease in
bull gears should be retained. The fluid should be left intact in all
hydraulic systems, except when danger of damage from freezing exists. Booms
should be lowered to rest firmly on blocks on the ground or floor.
Steam
cranes should have all water drained and all holes plugged to prevent the
entrance of moisture and dust. All liquids should be drained from diesel and
gasoline engines, and the engines sealed against damage from dust or moisture
as indicated in para. 2.2.3.2. Openings in cabs and machinery houses of
cranes outside of buildings should be made weathertight.
28
MIL-HDBK-1130
2.2.16
Weight-Handling Equipment Reactivation
2.2.16.1
Elevators and Hoists. Counterweights that were removed or blocked
up should be returned to the original state. Check all cables for proper
tension. Lubricate all components in accordance with the manufacturer
literature. In addition, inspect all safety equipment, such as fire
extinguishers, limit stops, and safety hooks. Recertification of an elevator
may be required if the certificate has expired. The EFD will assist in this
process.
AC
TI
VE
2.2.16.2
Cranes. All fluid and lubricant levels should be checked and
filled to the manufacturer’s required levels. If the hydraulic fluid was
removed, replace it to the proper level. The rollers, roller path, kingpin,
collector ring assembly, boon-hinge pin, metal surfaces, moving contacts, and
any other parts that were coated during inactivation should be cleaned and
greased. Steam cranes should be filled with water, if necessary. Cranes
should then be tested using the applicable codes.
2.2.17
Special Construction or Historic Register. Buildings listed, or
eligible to be listed, on the Historic Register or those of a special or
unique construction require additional attention to inactivate. MO-913 ,
Historic Structures Preservation Manual, provides additional information
regarding the proper treatment of these buildings. For buildings of special
construction, be sure the unique facility features are incorporated into the
activity inactivation efforts and maintenance plan.
2.3
2.3.1
Structures
Tanks, Towers, and Platforms Inactivation
IN
2.3.1.1
Water Storage Tanks. Tanks should be maintained and kept filled
with water. Leaks and damage to piping, hydrants, valves, and appurtenances
should be repaired. When hazards to personnel exist, surplus ground level and
underground tanks should be isolated from the water system and filled with
sand or earth.
2.3.1.2
Petroleum Facilities
a)
General. When gasoline or oil remains in storage, the system
must be maintained in operational condition. Except when
ballasting rubber-lined tanks, bulk quantities of gasoline
should not be left in inactive tanks, since gum will form. The
status should be plainly marked on each tank. All possible
sources of explosion should be removed. Follow the procedures
of MO-230, Maintenance and Operation of Petroleum Fuel
Facilities, when entering tanks or performing maintenance on
tanks.
29
MIL-HDBK-1130
Another point to consider when inactivating petroleum
storage tanks is the use of cathodic protection. For tanks so
equipped, the cathodic protection system should be inspected
for proper operation and repaired if necessary. For tanks not
equipped with cathodic protection systems, the activity may
investigate the economic trade-offs of installing those systems
at inactivation versus the associated caretaker maintenance
costs and various environmental protection concerns.
Storage Tanks. Tanks should be emptied and cleaned internally
in accordance with the applicable requirements of MO-230. If
organic growth within the tank is a problem, a copper sulphite
solution (1 part copper sulphite to 3 million parts water) may
be used to provide water ballast and to discourage organic
growth. A warning sign should be placed on the tank to
indicate what it contains and whether it has contained leaded
gasoline or other poisonous liquids or gases.
AC
TI
VE
b)
Above-Ground Tanks. With the exception of fuel oil tanks,
the unpainted interior surfaces of steel tanks should be
coated after cleaning with preservative lubricating oil,
and the interiors of fuel oil tanks should be treated with
corrosion-preventive compound. Vents on lubricating oil
tanks should be closed; vents on other tanks should be
open. Tanks subject to high winds should be partially
filled with water to prevent overturning except when there
is the possibility of water freezing and rupturing the
tanks. Liquid kerosene may be used for ballast if
freezing temperature is a problem. Fuel oil tanks should
be ballasted with fuel oil. Warning signs should clearly
indicate the flammable contents.
(2)
Underground Metal Tanks. Underground metal tanks,
including water-displacement gasoline storage tanks,
should be emptied, made gas-free, and cleaned properly.
Tanks insufficiently anchored against flotation should be
partially filled with water to prevent buoyancy. Where
the danger of the water freezing exists, adequate
safeguards should be provided. When a tank is to be
abandoned in place, water should be removed, and the tank
filled with sand. Other tanks should be cleaned, filled
with oil, and marked as indicated for tanks aboveground in
para. 2.3.l.2.b.l. Vent lines on underground tanks should
be left open and be adequately screened; all other
openings in tanks should be tightly capped or plugged
after removal of equipment.
IN
(1)
30
MIL-HDBK-1130
(3) Underground Concrete Tanks. Underground concrete tanks
should be drained, made gas-free, and cleaned as indicated
in paras. 2.3.l.2.a and 2.3.l.2.b. A minimum of 12 inches
of unleaded gasoline should be kept in rubber-lined tanks.
Safeguards against freezing should be taken.
(4) Fueling Pits. Inspect, tag, and cover fueling pits.
Provision should be made for pumping pits dry.
AC
TI
VE
(5) Hoses. Hoses should be removed, tagged and dated, and
stored in dry storage.
c)
Pipelines. Pipelines should be drained and capped or closed
off with blank flanges. Unpainted and unwrapped lines exposed
to the weather should be coated externally with corrosionpreventive compound. Preservation of pipelines for gasoline
and oil should be effected by displacing the oil or gasoline
with treated water as the cleaning agent, and then by
displacing the water with dry air diluted with an inert gas to
prevent explosion.
(1) Gasoline Piping. Before work involving heat is authorized
on gasoline pipelines and before they are removed for any
purpose, the lines should be freed of gas by using steam
and by flushing with water. All pipes should be clean and
free of gasoline odors.
IN
(2)
Fuel and Diesel Oil Piping. Excessive amounts of sediment
and sludge should be removed from fuel and diesel oil
piping by the use of scrapers or by the repeated
circulation of a suitable sludge-emulsifying agent. If
the use of the circulated sludge remover involves the
temporary use of storage tanks lined with synthetic
materials, an investigation should be made prior to the
introduction of sludge remover to ensure that it will have
no damaging effects on tank linings. All cleaning
compounds should be thoroughly drained from the lines, and
internal pipe surfaces should be protected from corrosion
by flushing with fuel oil of the heaviest grade
commensurate with the pumping and heating facilities
available. Diesel oil lines should be tagged to indicate
that they have been flushed with fuel oil.
Tank and Pipeline Appurtenances. Strainers should be removed,
2.3.1.3
thoroughly cleaned, coated inside and outside with light oil, and reinstalled.
Gaskets should be tight to keep out dirt and water.
31
MIL-HDBK-1130
a)
Tank Level Controls. Controls such as float control valves,
float-operated gauges, low level cutoffs, water detector locks,
and probes should be removed from tanks. They should then be
cleaned, treated with corrosion-preventive compound, and stored
in a dry place.
c)
AC
TI
VE
b) Valves. Water control solenoid and pressure-reducing valves
should be removed, cleaned, greased, and stored in a dry place.
Other valves, such as plug valves and check valves, should be
painted on the outside or treated with a corrosion-preventive
compound and left in place. Plug valves should be thoroughly
lubricated and left in an open position.
Meters. Meters should be removed, cleaned, treated with
corrosion-preventive compound, and stored in a dry place.
Towers and Platforms. At inactivation, towers and platforms should
2.3.1.4
be inspected for structural integrity and corrosion. Any defects that could
threaten the ability of the structure to survive the inactive period should be
Fencing should be repaired in accordance with para. 2.4.1.2. Pay
repaired.
special attention to any fencing required to ensure the security and safety of
the structure.
Pools. Pool water should first be dechlorinated. The pool should
2.3.1.5
then be drained, cleaned, and if possible, covered to prevent the accumulation
of dirt and trash. Mechanical and other pool equipment should be withdrawn
from service and preserved against deterioration in accordance with the
instructions for similar equipment. Be sure that the security fencing and
gates around the pool are repaired, as necessary (see para. 2.4.1.2). The
gates should be locked to prevent unauthorized entry to the pool area and
possible injury.
2.3.2
Tanks, Towers, and Platforms Reactivation
IN
Water Storage Tanks. It should be determined whether the existing
2.3.2.1
water supply and treatment systems are adequate for demand. Once it is
determined that the water supply system is adequate, all parts of the system
that were inactive should be disinfected and flushed according to the
provisions of NAVFACINST 11330.14 prior to reactivation. Tanks should be
inspected and repaired as necessary.
2.3.2.2
Petroleum Facilities
a)
General. Inspect the systems and make wholly operable prior to
refilling receptacles. This includes cleaning, making visual
and measurement inspections, and reestablishing permits and
licenses. MO-230 gives detailed, step-by-step procedures for
cleaning and inspection of fuel facilities.
32
MIL-HDBK-1130
b)
Storage Tanks. Areas of concern should be the structural
integrity of the tank top, bottom, shell, and structural parts
as well as the cleanliness of the inside of the tank. Entrance
into the tank for cleaning or testing purposes should not take
place until the tank has been certified gas free, unless proper
clothing and breathing apparatus are used.
Above-Ground Tanks. Remove any tank ballast prior to
cleaning and testing the tank structure. Remove all
corrosion-preventive compound from tank surfaces to
inspect for corrosion; then re-coat non-fuel-contact
surfaces. Open vents and check their operation and the
condition of the screens.
AC
TI
VE
(1)
Underground Metal Tanks. Check vent screens and
operation. Uncap openings; empty and clean tanks as
necessary following standard safety procedures. Replace
equipment, following normal maintenance checks, as
appropriate, for the storage conditions in which they were
kept.
(3)
Underground Concrete Tanks. Remove any ballast from
rubber-lined tanks and check the liner for holes or
deterioration. Clean and inspect tanks for spalling
concrete or gaping cracks. Pay particular attention to
roofs and wall sections above the frost line, where the
concrete is exposed to freeze-thaw cycles.
(4)
Fueling Pits. Clean and inspect pits, and clear storm
drain lines prior to returning the pit to service. Check
drain line valves and operation of any associated oil/
water separators.
(5)
Hoses. Check hoses for dry rot and reusability. In some
states, hoses are inspected as part of the fuel system and
are certified. Review hose condition criteria with your
EPA and licensing officials. Age of hoses alone may
prohibit their reuse.
IN
(2)
c)
Pipelines. Using as-built drawings, trace through each
pipeline to remove caps, plugs, and blank flanges; and
reinstall valves and vents. Remove corrosion preventivecompound and fully service valves to include proper exercise.
Check all gasketed connections for dry rot. Check for
corrosion on all blank flange connections that will remain in
place. Flush the line and apply the appropriate pressure tests
to ensure system integrity. Reinstall all pieces of ancillary
33
MIL-HDBK-1130
equipment. Repaint and relabel warning signs throughout the
system. Have the appropriate EPA officials certify the system
ready for use.
Tank and Pipeline Appurtenances. Remove, clean, and recoat
2.3.2.3
strainers with light oil (make sure gaskets are tight) prior to recharging the
system.
a)
Reinstall tank level controls and check their operation.
to make sure that tank level alarms work properly.
Check
c)
AC
TI
VE
b) Clean and reinstall water control solenoids and pressurereducing valves. Examine valves left in place for corrosion or
cracks and repair them as required. Clean and close plug
valves that were left open. Identify and retag each valve,
checking the existing piping network diagrams.
Reinstall all meters and check them for proper operation.
Towers and Platforms. Only allow climbers trained for antenna
2.3.2.4
rigging, tower maintenance, and climbing electricians to access elevated
platforms and towers. Inspections should be thorough and include guy cable
inspection, guy cable tension, foundation condition, anchorage condition, and
structural inspections. Also, tower profiles should be checked against
engineered criteria. Particular attention should be paid to bolted joints and
welded stiffeners. Galvanized towers are sometimes painted for aviation
visibility. Look for blistering paint that signifies loose paint covering
corrosion. For special guidance, contact NAVFAC Code 04BC, the antenna
systems consultant.
Check electrical systems, including conduits, junction boxes,
antenna cabling, and obstruction lights, prior to energizing and reusing.
IN
In areas where a high radio frequency might dictate, ensure the
proper clearances are maintained at the base of the tower using appropriate
non-conductive fence material and effective grounding design.
Pools. The pool should be uncovered and cleaned prior to being
2.3.2.5
reactivated. Painting may also be necessary. Pool equipment should then be
reactivated, the pool filled, and the water chemically treated.
2.3.3
Waterfront Facilities Inactivation
Specific inactivation procedures of waterfront facilities
General.
2.3.3.1
such as piers, wharfs, and graving drydocks vary from structure to structure.
The following sections discuss general points that apply to most of these
waterfront structures.
34
MIL-HDBK-1130
Electrical. Paint cable insulation and seal cables, as
specified by the manufacturer’s instructions. Turn off all
circuit breakers. Remove all temporary disconnect switches,
controllers, and panel boards. Repair circuit breaker
enclosures. Reinstall gaskets and covers. Repaint any worn
areas on all corrodible metal surfaces. Touch up any
galvanized surfaces have been worn or damaged. Wood service
hood enclosures and timbers should be treated with
preservative. Treat insulator mounts, nongalvanized and
nonpainted steel, and metal nameplates with rust-preventive
compound.
AC
TI
VE
a)
b)
Mechanical. All existing rust should be removed from exposed
pipes and valves by sandblasting. The exposed pipes should
then be steam-cleaned and repainted in accordance with Military
Standard (MIL-STD)-101B, Color Code for Pipelines and for
Compressed Gas Cylinders, if at a service hood, or treated with
a preservative compound. Install plastic caps on threaded ends
of fresh water and salt water outlets. Ensure existing
cathodic protection systems are operating properly; repair them
if necessary.
Graving Docks. Inactivation procedures for graving drydocks vary
2.3.3.2
according to the anticipated time of inactivity, mobilization requirements,
economic considerations, climatic conditions, etc. However, before these
specific procedures can be identified, the method of drydock storage should be
determined, i.e., dewatered or flooded, caisson in place or removed. Each
alternative presents different caretaker maintenance and reactivation problems
that should be considered prior to inactivation. For example, if the drydock
is stored in a flooded state with the caisson removed, dirt and silt can
accumulate in the dock basin; whereas with the caisson in place, the trapped
water can stagnate and should be chemically treated. Once the method of
inactivation is decided, the specific inactivation procedures can be
identified.
Dock Basin. If the drydock is to remain dewatered during
inactivation, it should be thoroughly inspected for leaks
through the floor, through the walls, and around the seals of
the end closure. Drainage, flooding, and discharge culverts
and tunnels should also be inspected. All leaks discovered
should be repaired. Leaks in docks that are to remain flooded
should be identified but need not be repaired unless they pose
a threat to the structural integrity of the drydock. All other
concrete surfaces should be inspected while the dock is
dewatered for spans, cracks, and other defects that could
worsen during the inactive period. Any major, or potentially
major, structural defects identified should be repaired.
IN
a)
35
MIL-HDBK-1130
b)
Sluices. Stop logs should be placed at all discharge outlets.
Flooding sluice gates should remain closed, and stop log gates
should be placed in the screen guides. The following items
should be cleaned of marine growth, fouling, and corrosion and
coated with anti-corrosive compound, bituminous primer and
enamel, or standard ships’ bottom coating, if available:
(1) Trash racks.
(2) Sluice gates, guides, and stop logs.
AC
TI
VE
(3) Dock floor gratings and culvert air vents.
(4) Collector channel screens and gratings and sluice gates.
(5) Dewatering sumps (clean only, coating unnecessary).
(6) Backwash trash rack and hinged stop gate.
c)
Ship Blocking. Leave all bilge and keel blocking in place
unless the dock will be used for berthing or placement
elsewhere is called for. Loose timber should be removed.
d) End Closures. All end closures and seats should be inspected.
If the caisson is to be left in place, damaged closures and
seats should be repaired before inactivating the dock. End
closures and seats should be left in such condition that they
will be usable if the dock is reactivated. In docks that are
to be left in the flooded condition, it is normally desirable
to remove the caisson gate and maintain it afloat. A caisson
in poor condition, when determined practical by an engineering
analysis, may be sold or scrapped. For those drydocks that
have flap gates for end closures, contact NAVFAC EFD for
guidance.
IN
Caisson-type closures that have not been drydocked and
overhauled within a 12-month period prior to inactivation
should be drydocked, repaired, and preserved, unless they are
to be disposed of as discussed in this section. Exterior
surfaces of end closures should be given protective coatings
and cathodic protection as recommended by NAVFAC EFD. All
interior surfaces should have protective coatings, and some
spaces may be dehumidified (See para. 2.3.3.2.e, below).
e)
Machinery and Equipment. Machinery spaces housing the main
dewatering pumps and valve motors should be kept in a
dehumidified state. If this is not possible, all electrical
gear, pump motors, and control equipment should be shrouded in
36
MIL-HDBK-1130
plastic, per para. 2.2.5.4. Remove and store all instruments
not necessary to maintain water levels in accordance with the
instructions of para. 2.2.5.1.b. Protect machine-finished
steel surfaces, such as on capstans, winches, and pump
assemblies, with a coat of preservative oil or compound as
directed by the EFD. See para. 2.2.3.3 for further details on
pump inactivation. Paint the exteriors of any remaining
operating equipment with one coat each of machinery filler and
light gray machine enamel. Paint exposed surfaces of piping
and conduit as required to prevent corrosion damage.
AC
TI
VE
f) Electrical. Electricity should be maintained to power any
dehumidification equipment in use, standby pumping, minimum
lighting essential for inspection, other required operations,
and fire protection systems.
If the drydock remains dewatered during inactivation,
power to operate two of the drainage pumps at each main
drainage sump will be required. That part of the electric
utility system not essential for power requirements should be
disconnected at the nearest load center. All energized
electric circuits are to be tested for grounds and continuity.
All other nonessential electrical equipment should be
preserved for inactivation in accordance with the instructions
of para. 2.2.5.
Utilities. All utilities except those essential for minimal
inspection, operation/maintenance, and fire protection
requirements in the drydock area should be inactivated. All
facilities that provide electricity, potable and salt water,
sewerage, communication, drainage, gas, compressed air, steam,
oxygen, and acetylene services to the drydock facility and to
shops serviced in the drydock during normal operations should
be inactivated. Inactivated piping should be drained unless it
is part of a loop system needed for distribution reliability.
Spare parts for utility systems that are not required for the
drydock during the inactive period should be either sold as
surplus, preserved and stored, or discarded. Spare parts
should be disposed of only if the equipment is still supported
by the manufacturer.
IN
g)
h) Fire Protection. Fire protection systems, including
communication and alarm equipment, may be inactivated except
when an inactivated dock is to be used for berthing. Dry
chemical extinguishers should be available in all spaces where
electric circuits are energized.
37
MIL-HDBK-1130
2.3.4
Miscellaneous Work. The entire area in and around the drydock
should be cleaned and left shipshape. Exposed metal surfaces
of screens, gratings, gates, racks, cleats, bollards) ring-eye
bolts, stairways, ladders, manholes, hatches, capstans, and
other metal appurtenances for the drydock should be cleaned and
protected against corrosion during inactivation in accordance
with instruction from the EFD. Wood fenders, chafing strips,
and stop log gate closures should be given heavy applications
of an appropriate mixture of coal tar and creosote in
accordance with NAVFAC MO-312, Wood Protection. Supplies and
portable ship repair equipment should be removed and disposed
of or overhauled, tagged, and preserved at a designated storage
area. Retain fuel and lubricants only in quantities needed for
testing and maintenance during the first year of inactivation.
AC
TI
VE
i)
Waterfront Facilities Reactivation
Inspections should be made of all docks, wharfs,
General.
2.3.4.1
bulkheads and other waterfront structures to determine the amount of
rehabilitation required. Instructions for inspection and condition evaluation
are contained in NAVFAC MO-104, Maintenance of Waterfront Facilities, and
MO-322. Additional information and assistance can be obtained by contacting
the cognizant EFD.
Graving Drydocks. Drydocking facilities should be inspected,
2.3.4.2
repaired, and certified for safety in accordance with NAVSEAINST 11420.2,
Drydocking Facilities; Safety Certification Criteria for Docking U.S. Navy
Ships, and MIL-STD-1625C, Safety Certification Program for Drydockinq
Facilities and Shipbuilding Ways for U.S. Navy Ships.
Initial Inspection. The first step in the reactivation process
is to make a complete inspection of the drydock facilities.
Include in the inspection a diving inspection of the submerged
surfaces of the end closure. The results of this inspection,
in conjunction with the reports of periodic caretaker
maintenance and inactivation inspections, will form a baseline
of the required reactivation actions.
IN
a)
b)
Drydock End Closures. While in drydock, end closures should be
completely dewatered. Paint and bituminous protective coatings
should be checked and, where found to be deficient, should be
touched up or repainted. Sea valves, gratings, manholes, and
hatches should be made watertight. Recondition vents to ensure
unrestricted air flow. When the end closures have been
repaired and made seaworthy, they should be set in their
outboard seats. Where necessary, replace gaskets in the
outboard seats.
38
MIL-HDBK-1130
c)
Removal of Dehumidification Equipment. Before entering drydock
spaces dehumidified during inactivation, samples of the air and
tests for oxygen and toxic gases should be made. Such spaces
should be unsealed, and the caulking and taping should be
removed. Vents and other openings that have been closed should
be reopened. The dehumidification equipment, including the
humidistats, should be disconnected and removed. Remove and
scrap shrouds and envelopes on static dehumidification systems.
Desiccants should be disposed of as required.
AC
TI
VE
d) Utilities. All electric conduit and circuits should be checked
for leaks, continuity, and ground. Any necessary repairs
should be made. All disconnected or de-energized circuits
should be returned to active status.
e)
Fire Protection. Fully restore the fire protection system to
active status and tested for proper operation. Complete any
repairs necessary.
f) Dewatering Systems. Reactivate the dewatering system. The
system should be checked out, and all necessary repairs should
be made to verify its operability. Dewater drydocks flooded
for inactivation.
g)
Ship Blocking System. Check and make secure hold-down
fastenings. Replace missing and defective hardware. Inspect
the soft caps for splittings, checking, and other defects and,
where necessary, replace with new caps. All of the caps should
be brush and spray-creosoted.
h) Machinery and Equipment.
compound applied prior to
containing the preventive
fuel. Such flushing fuel
Remove the corrosion-preventive
and during inactivation. Fuel lines
compound may have to be flushed with
should be disposed of properly.
IN
Essential material offloaded or otherwise disposed of at
inactivation should be replaced in kind or with more current
material. This includes such equipment as staging, welding
machines, sandblasting equipment, paint spraying equipment,
chocks, cleats, capstans, etc. The required type and the
quantity of material will be determined by the operating staff
and will be related to the mission of the reactivated drydock.
Draft gauges should be in place and repainted.
i) Miscellaneous Work. Upon completion of the described work, the
entire reactivated drydock facility should be cleared of all
debris. Necessary material should be stored in its proper
place, and the entire area should be left in a workmanlike,
39
MIL-HDBK-1130
shipshape condition. Lifelines, handrails, stairways, and
ladders should be securely in place.
2.3.5
Operating Test. When all of the reactivation actions have been
completed, a complete operational test of the drydock facility
should be conducted and monitored. The test will start with
the drydock dewatered and will include flooding and removal of
the end closure, positioning of one of the larger craft that
the drydock can accommodate, replacement of the end closure,
and dewatering of the facility. The cycle is to be conducted,
where possible, by the drydock’s normal operating personnel.
It should be monitored jointly by responsible personnel
representing management of the activity and NAVFACENGCOM.
Corrections of major malfunctions and deficiencies will be
made, and the tests will be repeated, if necessary, until the
responsible personnel are satisfied that the drydock is
operational.
AC
TI
VE
j)
Railroad Trackage Inactivation
Trackage. Ground level crane or railroad tracks required during
2.3.5.1
the inactive period for dismantling, maintenance, or other essential services
should be maintained in a safe condition for slow traffic (Class I Standards).
Maintenance and repairs of other tracks, including rails, ties, ballast, and
accessories, should be discontinued. Flangeways at crossings should be kept
clean on all tracks remaining in service. Switch points should be locked or
spiked in closed positions, and all switch lamps should be removed and stored.
Movable parts of switch assemblies should be cleaned and covered with heavy
oil.
IN
2.3.5.2
Track Scales. Track scales should be disconnected to prevent
damage to the mechanism when it is not in use. Track scales inactivated
should be marked “SECURED” and dated. Scale pits should be drained and
cleared of rubbish. All parts subject to corrosion and not otherwise
protected should be treated with corrosion-resisting compound specified by
NAVFAC EFD.
2.3.6
Railroad Trackage Reactivation
2.3.6.1
Trackage. All ground-level crane and railroad rail, roadbed,
ballast, drainage, right-of-way, accessories, controls, and signs need to be
repaired, realigned, regauged, and brought to grade as required for safe
operation. Tighten all loose bolts, plates, nuts, spikes, and other
fastenings. Inspect switches to be sure they are operable, and grease them.
Replace rotten or questionable ties. Return stored accessories to service.
Clean and replace contaminated ballast.
40
MIL-HDBK-1130
Trackage should be inspected according to FRA track safety
standards and NAVFAC MO-103, Maintenance of Trackage. Trackage not meeting
Class 1 standards should not be used. Trackage not meeting Class 2 standards
should have restricted use. Operational restrictions should be approved by
NAVFACENGCOM . Excessively worn or defective rails should be replaced in
accordance with MO-103 standards. Weeds along the right-of-way should be
destroyed or cut to reduce fire hazards. All warning signs, instruction
boards, and signals should be reinstalled or restored to proper working
condition. Crossings should be rehabilitated as necessary.
VE
Track Scales. Track scales should be adjusted, repaired, and
2.3.6.2
restored to operable condition. Scale pits should be drained and cleared of
rubbish.
TI
Bridge Inactivation. Bridge inactivation requires a detailed
2.3.7
inspection of the structure. Any physical damage, defects, or corroded areas
that threaten the ability of the bridge to survive the inactive period should
be repaired. An economic study should be completed to determine whether to
inactivate or close a damaged bridge. Footings should be examined for
structural integrity. Mechanical equipment for drawbridges should be
inactivated in accordance with the instructions for the particular equipment
types. Related activities are discussed in paras. 2.4.1.3, and 2.4.1.4.
AC
Bridge Reactivation. The structural integrity of the bridge should
2.3.8
be verified before it is reactivated. Footings of the bridge should be
examined for erosion. Any major structural or corrosion damage should be
repaired. The load-carrying capacity of the bridge should be tested with
assistance from the EFD, and load limit signs should be posted.
2.4
Grounds
2.4.1
Grounds Inactivation
IN
General. Make arrangements to retain the minimum amount of
2.4.1.1
maintenance equipment. Pending disposition of excess stock, proper storage
should be provided to prevent damage from the elements. Keys to all doors,
gates, hatches, and other moving items should be checked and labeled.
2.4.1.2
Fencing.
anchorages to ensure
locking devices, and
lubricated. Confine
signs of corrosion.
Tighten connections at gates, posts, braces, guys, and
stability and correct alignment. Hinges, latches,
all other alignment hardware should be cleaned and
painting to those parts of fences and gates that show
Drainage. All storm sewers, drainage ditches, and other drainage
2.4.1.3
structures should be cleaned and repaired as necessary to prevent flooding and
storm damage to roads, runways, tracks, and structures.
41
MIL-HDBK-1130
2.4.1.4
Paved Surfaces
a)
Roads and Runways.
AC
TI
VE
(1) Unpaved Shoulders. Unpaved shoulders should receive only
the maintenance necessary to ensure positive drainage of
surface water from the adjoining pavement. Holes and ruts
should be filled, and ridges should be bladed to eliminate
standing water. Backfill depressions when the undermining
of pavement is threatened. When possible, existing ground
cover should be retained.
(2) Concrete Pavements. Concrete pavements should be repaired
only as required to perform service activities and to
prevent severe disintegration. Bituminous surface
patching of depressed or broken slabs should be
accomplished to prevent pending of water and the resultant
saturation of the subgrade. Joints and cracks in concrete
pavement should be kept sealed by bituminous material.
(3) Bituminous Pavements. Surface repairs of bituminous
pavements should be limited to the repair of holes,
raveled areas, edge failures, and open cracks. Repair
unused surfaces only as necessary to maintain drainage and
to prevent the pending of surface water.
(4) Gravel and Stabilized Surfaces. Gravel and stabilized
surfaces should be shaped and repaired to maintain crowns
required for drainage.
b) Walks, Curbs, and Gutters. Protect the edges of raised
sidewalks, curbs, and gutters from undermining by the use of
riprap or sod.
2.4.2
Grounds Reactivation
IN
2.4.2.1
General. Keep the restoration of grounds to a minimum to avoid
disturbing nature in accordance with NAVFAC MO-100.1, National Resources Land
Management. Eroded slopes, banks, and earth covers for magazines should be
filled, reshaped, and vegetated. Replant bushes, trees, and grass areas as
required to protect structures, roads, or runways from erosion; to control
dust ; and to reduce silting in drainage ditches.
2.3.2.2
Fencing. Security fences should be restored to usable condition.
Connections for gates, posts, braces, guys, and anchorages should be
tightened. Gates should be straightened and made operable. Hinges, latches,
locking devices, and all other hardware should be cleaned and lubricated for
easy operation. Reactivate fence lighting and alarm systems as required.
42
MIL-HDBK-1130
Existing fences not required for security or restriction to trespassing should
remain, if in good condition; unsightly and damaged fencing should be removed.
Hold painting of fences to a minimum. New fences should be installed only
when required for specific security reasons.
2.4.2.3
Insect and Rodent Control
On-site Survey. An on-site survey should be made to establish
the need for, and the best means of, pest control. The survey
should consist of an inspection and report by the EFD special
assistant for applied biology and Natural Resources staff,
which will establish guidance for maximum economy,
effectiveness, efficiency, and safety in areas pertaining to:
AC
TI
VE
a)
(1)
Entomology.
(2)
Marine biology.
(3)
Rodent control.
(4)
Wood preservation.
(5)
Weed control.
(6)
Lawns, shrubs and trees.
(7)
Food, fabric, and nuisance pests.
IN
b) Control Plan. A pest control plan should be prepared to
initiate control of disease vectors and pests at the earliest
possible time. The plan should include operations for control
of pests as determined by the inspection. Operational methods,
supplies, equipment, and transportation need to be planned.
The planning must be in sufficient detail for determination of
the pest control chemicals and application methods to be
selected.
2.4.2.4
Drainage. Storm sewers and drainage ditches should be cleaned and
repaired, when necessary, to prevent damage to roads, runways, tracks, and
structures. Storm sewers that are blocked should be chain-cleaned.
Conditions causing the formation of pools or retarding flow in ditches should
be corrected; banks should be kept smooth, and all debris, silt, mud, and
other obstructions should be removed. Drainage structures such as culverts,
inlets, and catchbasins should be cleaned and reshaped as necessary to provide
full design capacities and efficiency to prevent flooding and storm damage.
43
MIL-HDBK-1130
2.4.2.5
Paved Surfaces
General. Roads, walks, pavements, runways, and similar
features should be repaired, replaced, and resurfaced to
restore them to serviceable condition. Paving, preservation,
and stabilization of drainage should also be accomplished.
Repair parking and storage areas as appropriate for the class
of road pavement, and regrade where necessary to provide
satisfactory drainage. Repair traffic aids, including guard
fences, markings, and signs, or provide new ones, when
necessary. The extent of weed removal from shoulders and
rights-of-way should be limited to that necessary for proper
drainage, fire prevention, and the control of noxious weed
growth. Clean and repair drainage structures, including
culverts, underdrains, storm sewers, inlets, and catchbasins;
repair where necessary to prevent flooding and storm damage.
Repair and reshape intercepting ditches, flumes, check dams,
and road ditches to provide adequate flow capacity.
AC
TI
VE
a)
To check severe erosion and to prevent obstruction of
drainage channels, backfill, reshape, and stabilize slope and
shoulders as necessary.
b) Roads.
(1) Unpaved Shoulders. Repair or restore shoulders to ensure
positive drainage of surface water from the adjoining
pavement. Fill holes and ruts, and blade ridges to
eliminate standing water. Restore existing ground cover.
Concrete Pavements. Clean and fill cracks and joints in
concrete pavements with an appropriate joint filler in
accordance with NAVFAC MO-102, Maintenance and Repair of
Surfaced Areas. Provide bituminous surface patching of
depressed or broken slabs to prevent pending of water and
resultant saturation of the subgrade, or to restore the
serviceability of the pavement. Limit the renewal of
expansion joints to the extent necessary to relieve
serious spalling.
IN
(2)
(3) Bituminous Pavements. Limit surface repairs on bituminous
pavements to the repair of holes, reveled areas, edge
failures, and open cracks. Use materials comparable to
those in place. Seal-coat brittle but otherwise
serviceable pavements.
(4) Gravel and Stabilized Surfaces. To maintain crowns
necessary for drainage, reshape gravel and stabilized
44
MIL-HDBK-1130
surfaces, and repair with materials comparable to those in
place. Correct conditions that may result in failures on
essential roads. When dust constitutes a serious hazard
or source of damage to property, provide dust palliative
treatments.
Runways. Reactivation procedures for runways vary depending on
the length of deactivation and the anticipated use. The
activity should coordinate with the EFD, Code 04, to arrange
for an airfield condition survey. The results will determine
necessary steps for reactivation. An FAA recertification may
also be required if the runway has been deactivated for over
two years. The EFD coordinates all recertification efforts.
AC
TI
VE
c)
If the runway has only been deactivated for a short period
and the FAA certification is still valid, reactivation measures
as outlined in para. b) of this section should be taken. In
addition, airfield pavements should be marked according to the
latest criteria; all other marking should be obliterated.
d) Walks, Curbs, and Gutters. Repair paved walks, curbs, and
gutters where necessary to place them in a condition suitable
for normal safe use. Provide drainage along walks.
2.5
Utility Plants and Distribution Systems
2.5.1
Steam Inactivation
Boiler Plants. Boilers should be laid up in accordance with NAVFAC
2.5.1.1
MO-324 Inspection and Certification of Boilers and Unfired Pressure Vessels.
If possible, the gas distribution pressure should be lowered to the minimum in
the active portions of systems, thus reducing leakage and conserving gas. In
addition, an operating and maintenance manual should be prepared prior to
shutdown, if one does not already exist.
Drums and Tubes. Manhole and handhole yokes, studs, and nuts
of drums and tubes should be coated with paint, oil, or grease;
when accessible, machined surfaces such as those on caps and
seats should be coated in a similar manner. After the interior
surfaces of the drum are cleaned and treated to inhibit
corrosion, the manufacturer’s instructions should be followed
carefully in reassembling. If any gasketed joints have been
broken, new gaskets should be installed.
b)
Superheaters. For the balljoint type of superheaters,
individual elements should be disconnected and washed out with
hot water; water should then be blown out with compressed air.
After the elements have dried, they should be plugged. When
IN
a)
45
MIL-HDBK-1130
possible, the interior of headers should be cleaned and
rustproofed. Welded-joint type superheaters should be washed
as a unit and dried by portable heating equipment. Ball ends
and seats should be protected by a coat of grease and
protective wrapping; element seats in headers should be greased
and plugged; yokes, studs, and nuts should be greased.
Economizers. Economizers should be cleaned and dried, as
indicated for welded-joint type superheaters. Handholes,
ballpoints, and other parts should be treated to inhibit
corrosion.
AC
TI
VE
c)
d) Air Heaters. Deposits on the gas side of air heaters should be
removed carefully. Tubular and regenerative types should be
cleaned thoroughly by lancing or by washing with an alkaline
solution followed by clean water. Tubular heaters may require
turbining or wire brushing. If excessive deposits on tubular
and regenerative heaters will cause serious corrosion, the
heating surfaces should be removed. Air heater inlets should
be closed, if possible, to prevent circulation of air; dampers
should be tightly closed. Tube ends of tubular air heaters
should be plugged with wood plugs.
e)
Fans, Ducts, and Dampers. Ball and roller bearings of fans,
dampers, and damper-operating mechanism bearings, gears, and
couplings should be greased. All deposits should be removed,
and all exposed surfaces should be painted. Dampers should be
closed to prevent air circulation. When necessary, wood
barricades should be built into the ducts.
f) Valves. Bonnets should be removed from valves. Finished
surfaces should be greased or otherwise treated to inhibit
corrosion. Valves should be reassembled after treatment.
IN
g) Water Columns and Gauges. Water columns and gauges not removed
should be treated to inhibit corrosion; alarm-type water
columns should be opened. Knife edges, valve parts, and other
parts subject to corrosion should be coated with grease or
another rust-preventive compound.
h) Soot Blowers. All soot should be removed from blowers. Valve
parts, gears, and other contact surfaces should be greased.
i)
Soot and Ash Hoppers. Soot and ash hoppers should be cleaned
thoroughly and exposed surfaces painted. Discharge outlets
should be sealed with dry building sand.
46
MIL-HDBK-1130
Piping, Structural Steel Framing, and Casings. Exposed metal
surfaces on piping, structural steel framing, and casings
should be primed and painted.
k)
Settings and Insulation. The interior of settings should be
cleaned, and doors should be painted. To keep the materials in
settings and insulation dry, doors and all other openings
should be sealed carefully, and pans of quicklime should be
placed inside the setting.
1)
Pulverizers, Feeders, and Exhausters. All bearing surfaces on
pulverizers, feeders, and exhausters should be coated
thoroughly with rust-preventive oil or grease. With the
exception of unfinished surfaces of castings, all exposed metal
surfaces should be primed and painted.
AC
TI
VE
j)
m)
Coal Pipes and Burners. Coal pipes and burners should be blown
out with compressed air. Bearings and other finished surfaces
of burner dampers and vanes should be thoroughly greased.
n)
Coal and Ash-Handling Equipment. Coal and ash-handling
equipment should be cleaned, including weighing devices.
Running parts should be protected with grease, and exposed
metal surfaces should be primed and painted. Conveyor belts
should not be left under tension.
IN
Feed-Water Heaters, Deaerators, Vent Condensers, Water-Heating
2.5.1.2
Equipment, Tanks, and Receivers. Feed-water heaters, deaerators, vent
condensers, water-heating equipment, tanks, and receivers should be drained
completely; take care to remove all water from trays, tubes, and coils. Silt,
scale, and lime should be removed; wire brushing may be necessary to eliminate
all corrosion blisters in tanks and receivers. Blowdown tanks should be
drained. Clean flues of all deposits of soot and carbon; remove and store
baffles. Heaters should be left open. All steam and water lines should be
drained, and openings capped or blanked off. Tightly cap vent pipes.
Overflow and oil traps should be thoroughly cleaned and reassembled.
Manholes, handholes, and cleanout doors should be left uncovered; all covers,
studs, bolts, nuts, and other loose parts should be coated with grease and
securely fastened in place at their respective openings to protect against
loss. The threads of tapped openings and machined surfaces, such as those on
valves and flanges, should be greased. Gauge glasses and thermometers should
be protected against breakage. The interiors of steel tanks, deaerators, vent
condensers, and heaters should be coated with corrosion-resistant paint; if
tanks may later be used for drinking water, the coating should be enamel
conforming to Navy Civil Engineering Laboratory (NCEL) Publication TDS 77-09,
Coating Interiors of Steel Potable Water Tanks, or applicable American Water
Works Association (AWWA) specifications.
47
MIL-HDBK-1130
AC
TI
VE
2.5. 1.3
Automatic Control Equipment and Meters. Automatic control
equipment and meters left in place should be shrouded in accordance with para.
2.2.5.4. Where instruments are removed from mountings, all openings in
connections on heating systems should be plugged, and the openings in the
instruments should be sealed with the type of adhesive tape used in shrouding.
Pipe connections from controls to heating equipment should be disconnected and
drained thoroughly. Covers on all controls and instruments should be fastened
securely in place to exclude dust and moisture. All containers for water,
ink, or acid on carbon-dioxide meters and similar instruments should be
drained completely, and all openings should be tightly closed to exclude dust.
Glass containers should be wrapped carefully in cloth or paper and stored in
the instrument case. All ink should be removed from pens or recording
instruments, and pen arms should be lifted. Each instrument should be wrapped
in paper, and manufacturer’s recommendations should be followed. Motorized
valves should be oiled in accordance with the manufacturer’s directions.
Thermostats should be set on the lowest settings.
2.5.1.4
Combustion Equipment. Combustion equipment, discussed in the
following paragraphs, consists of stokers, oil burners, and gas burners.
Stokers. Stokers should be run until all coal has been removed
from the worm and hopper. Oiled sawdust should then be run
through the worm until all surfaces are covered with an oil
film. Remove all coal, clinkers, and ashes from the tuyere
grates, ashpit, and dead plates. Housings on gearboxes should
be securely fastened in place; oil in gearboxes should be
retained. Hoppers paint. Hoppers and heater pipes should be
tightly closed either with wood or metal covers. Fan shafts
should be greased, and fan and blower bearings should be
thoroughly oiled. Stokers with hydraulic power to ram-type
feeds should be left with oil in the pumps and piping for
hydraulic power; all openings on reservoirs should be tightly
closed. Pneumatic spreader-type stokers should have all
blowers tightly closed. Securely fasten cover plates on air
intakes should be in place.
IN
a)
b)
Oil Burners. The firing ends of burners should be covered with
shrouds. If a burner can be swung out from firing ports, the
entire burner should be shrouded. All oil should be drained
from pumps, valves, lines, and reservoirs into the oil tanks.
All openings on oil tanks should be tightly closed; the vent
should be turned down, and a wire screen fastened securely over
vent openings.
c)
Gas Burners. Gas should be shut off outside the buildings;
lines should be bled slowly through the gas burners. Areas in
which the gas distribution is to be discontinued should be cut
off from the remainder of the system by the closing of valves.
48
MIL-HDBK-1130
All burners should be thoroughly cleaned. Primary air openings
should be closed to exclude dust; louvers should be fastened in
a closed position. When equipment is disconnected from the
distribution system, the pipe openings should be capped or
blanked off. Weights should be removed from regulator arms.
Miscellaneous Equipment. In general, all exposed machined surfaces
2.5.1.5
not otherwise protected should be treated with rust-preventive compound or
paint.
Unit Heaters. Steam and water unit heaters should have supply
and return lines disconnected; heaters should be thoroughly
drained. Oil and grease cups on fans and blowers should be
filled. When the construction of unit heaters prevents the
covering of motors, louvers should be tightly closed with
waterproof paper or plastic and tape. On gas or oil-fired
heaters, secure fuel lines outside the building line.
AC
TI
VE
a)
Pressure-Reducing Valves. Open and drain equalizing pipes
between diaphragm chambers and low sides of systems, and
thoroughly clean the interiors of valves. Remove plugs from
drain holes, and leave drains open; loosen valves without
drains loosened to permit drainage of moisture. Open vents and
leave open on the low-pressure side of valves.
c)
Strainers.
Strainers should be drained and thoroughly cleaned;
drain plugs should be left open to permit drainage of moisture.
d)
Radiators and Connectors. Completely drain radiators and
connectors, and tightly cap or cover all openings.
e)
Steel Smoke Pipes and Stacks. Steel smoke pipes and stacks
should be cleaned internally with a wire brush and coated with
discarded engine crankcase oil or mineral oil of similar
quality. Exterior surfaces not otherwise protected should be
coated with rust-resisting paint. If possible, stacks not
dismantled should have tops tightly closed off with metal caps
or boards. When the tops of stacks cannot be closed off,
stacks should be blanked off at boilers to prevent moisture
from entering smoke boxes and tubes. When blanking the stacks
from the inside of the smoke boxes, drains should be provided
to the outside. When smoke pipes or stacks are removed,
resultant openings in walls or roofs of buildings should be
closed with either wood or metal covers.
IN
b)
Gauges, Instruments, and Miscellaneous Parts. Gauges, instruments,
2.5.1.6
and miscellaneous parts should be removed from equipment and marked as to
parent equipment. Water columns and gauges, with the exception of simple
49
MIL-HDBK-1130
2.5.2
AC
TI
VE
tubular gauges, illuminators, and floor mirrors, should be removed, cleaned,
and stored in a safe place; water legs of all gauges should be drained, and
fragile parts of instruments and controls should be removed, wrapped, and
labeled. Vents should be plugged or covered to exclude dust, according to the
manufacturer’s recommendations. Operating panels and control devices that
cannot be stored should be protected from dirt and moisture by shrouding with
plastic film. Testing equipment should be collected and stored where it may
be easily located. Chemical solutions should be removed from portable fluegas analyzers and discarded; all liquid should be drained from the water
jacket around the measuring burette. If warm storage is not available, extra
chemical refills should be transferred to the nearest active installation.
Steam Reactivation
General. Certified boiler inspectors should inspect boilers and
2.5.2.1
pressure vessels internally and externally, as well as hydrostatically before
they are fired. All deficiencies should be corrected. Thoroughly flush out
boilers and other pressure parts, auxiliary equipment, and connecting lines
with an alkali solution to remove all traces of oil; wash out completely all
accumulations of mud and scale. Remove caps and blanks from connecting lines,
reconnect all lines and piping; repair drilled or tapped drainage holes made
during deactivation. Replace all clean-out and drain plugs. Painted surfaces
of castings, structural supports, and similar parts of equipment that show
signs of corrosion should be cleaned and retouched with a suitable paint.
Sheet metal that is not zinc-coated should be painted.
2.5.2.2
Boiler Plants. Remove all desiccant bags, lime trays, wood
blocking, tools, and other foreign objects before securing manhole and
handhole plates. Clean gaskets; use new ones if necessary, and coat them with
a suitable graphite paste to prevent sticking when they are to be removed.
Drums and Tubes. If gasketed joints on drums and tubes have
been broken, new gaskets must be installed. All joints that
have water or water and steam on one side and dry steam on the
other should be absolutely tight. Check all drier screens to
ensure they are spaced correctly.
IN
a)
b)
Superheaters. For the ball-jointed type of superheater,
individual elements should be reconnected. Remove grease and
protective wrappings. The superheater safety valve should be
set for a lower pressure than the boiler drum safety valves and
checked for proper operation.
c)
Air Heaters.
Open air heater inlets and dampers.
50
MIL-HDBK-1130
d)
Fans, Ducts, and Dampers. Clean and lubricate fan and damper
bearings, gears, and couplings. Remove wood barricades placed
in ducts, and open dampers and test systems for air delivery
requirements.
e)
Water Columns. Close alarm-type water columns and remove
preservative coatings.
f)
Soot and Ash Hoppers. Clean discharge outlets on soot and ash
hoppers that were sealed with sand.
Settings. Release sealed doors and other openings and remove
any containers of quicklime placed therein.
h)
Safety Valves and Pressure Gauges. Safety valves and pressure
gauges should be cleaned, calibrated, and reinstalled.
i)
Coal and Ash-Handling Equipment. Adjust the tension on
conveyor belts, check the belts for tears or other damage.
Lubricate bearings in accordance with manufacturer’s
instructions.
AC
TI
VE
g)
Feedwater, Heaters, Deaerators, Water-Heating Equipment, Tanks, and
2.5.2.3
Receivers. Feedwater heaters, deaerators, vent condensers, water heating
equipment, tanks, and receivers should be flushed and refilled. Covers of
manholes, handholes, and cleanout doors should be reinstalled. Remove
coverings on gauges, glasses, and thermometers, check/calibrate and reinstall
them. Disinfect equipment transmitting or processing potable water in
accordance with NAVFACINST 11330.14.
2.5.2.4
Gas Burners. Clean and adjust all gas burners, open primary air
openings, and adjust louvers. Open covers on meter indexes. If water is
present in a meter, disconnect and drain it. Reinstall weights on regulator
arms.
IN
2.5.2.5
Miscellaneous Equipment. Refill all equipment that has been
drained. Replace instruments and parts that were removed. Replace stored
water columns and gauges, illuminators, and floor mirrors. Replace chemicals
in portable flue-gas analyzers and liquids in water jackets around the
measuring burette. Remove all closures or heading equipment and preservatives
that would prevent proper operation of the equipment.
2.5.3
Electric Distribution Systems Inactivation
2.5.3.1
General. Electrical service needs to be maintained in those
inactivated installations or sections of installations that require guards,
security forces, or maintenance personnel. Only the minimum essential amount
of power should be supplied to these areas. To accomplish this objective,
51
MIL-HDBK-1130
only those primary and secondary circuits required should be left energized.
Reduce the number of energized transformers to a minimum by connecting
adjacent secondaries together. Transformers may also be replaced by smaller,
surplus transformers if they meet the distribution requirements. If
transformers and associated switchgear are inactivated in place and not
energized, additional measures should be taken against corrosion. Normally,
electrical components are fairly dry by virtue of being above ambient
operating temperatures. In order to prevent moisture condensation, these
electrical system components should be carefully sealed. Heating the building
will also aid in eliminating moisture buildup.
2.5.4
AC
TI
VE
Utility Services. All contracts for utility services should be
2.5.3.2
carefully reviewed to determine the minimum requirements for the changed
status of the activity. Utility companies supplying services should be
advised of the changed status of the station and of the anticipated reduction
in demand, personnel, and use of equipment that might affect the rate of
service. Modification or termination of utility contracts should be scheduled
to coincide with a change of status of the activity. EFD 09B has the sole
authority to amend or cancel utility contracts.
Electric Distribution Systems Reactivation
Utility Services. Utility requirements for the reestablished
2.5.4.1
activity need to be determined. The utility company supplying services should
be advised of the changed status of the activity, and the utility contract
should be expanded or reestablished to provide the necessary level of service.
This will be the responsibility of the EFD Code 09B.
IN
2.5.4.2
Distribution Systems. If, during the inactivation of the facility,
the number of energized transformers was reduced or transformers replaced by
smaller ones with the secondary circuits connected accordingly, the
distribution system must be restored or upgraded to meet the new utility
requirements. This means disconnecting the smaller transformers;
disconnecting the adjacent secondary transformers; and providing the number of
primary and secondary circuits needed for normal operations. The smaller
transformers should then be removed and stored or properly disposed of. After
transformers have been checked to see if they are operable, the following
steps should be taken:
a)
Cables should be meggered and measured for polarization levels
to detect moisture migration into species.
b) The system should be restored by replacing the primary fuses at
substations, closing the primary and sectionalizing switches,
and closing the cutout doors for the transformer primary
cutouts.
52
MIL-HDBK-1130
c)
Check lightning arresters and grounds, and measure the
resistance of grounds. A maximum value of five to 10 ohms is
permissible. Contact NAVFAC EFD for further information.
d) Test insulating oil in transformers, regulators, switches,
circuit breakers, and other equipment; if unsatisfactory,
filter such oil and test again. If still unsatisfactory,
replace the oil. After the oil is removed, flush out and clean
oil reservoirs, tanks, and unit cores.
2.5.5
Checked and tested live-line tools should be removed from
storage and placed in an accessible location. All live-line
tools showing deterioration should be tested and repaired prior
to being placed in use.
AC
TI
VE
e)
Potable Water Inactivation
General. The potable water
2.5.5.1
the public health of base personnel as
Changes to the water system layout may
federal, and applicable DOD regulatory
system of the installation is vital to
well as the adjacent civilian populace.
require approval by local, state,
agencies.
Environmental Engineering. Consult the EFD Environmental
Branch in the technical planning stages of installation
deactivation about the water and wastewater system operation,
the layout, and the coordination with regulatory agencies
involved.
b)
Civilian Populations. Civilians, who draw upon a station’s
water system and are served by the station’s wastewater system,
should be informed when the station is to be placed in inactive
status. Water supply in sufficient quantity and quality should
be provided to serve the continuing requirements of the
station’s personnel and equipment, including fire protection,
flushing, and irrigation. Adequate skilled operating personnel
must be retained for water and wastewater facilities that are
left in operation. Inactivated equipment should be tagged
"SECURED" and dated.
IN
a)
c)
Chlorine Cylinders. Other than those required for operation,
chlorine cylinders should be returned to the point designated
by base management.
Water System. If the water supply for the active station was
2.5.5.2
chlorinated, chlorination should be continued during inactivation. Adequate
chlorinator capacity should be made immediately available to maintain the
required residual in case of fire or other heavy demand upon the water supply.
Auxiliary treatment, for such purposes as removing iron or for softening the
53
MIL-HDBK-1130
a)
b)
Treatment plant capacities should be reduced to the degree
practicable in order to conform to expected water requirements.
Surplus tanks should be drained and cleaned, and outlets
arranged so that water will not be retained. Provision should
be made to prevent damage from uplift or freezing.
The number of filters and other water treatment units required
for reduced flow conditions must be determined individually for
each station; most satisfactory results may not always be
obtained with intermittent operation of clarifiers. Filters
can be operated at reduced operating rates in rotation for such
periods as necessary to provide the amount of water required.
In general, each filter should be operated for short periods at
least every 3 days. Apply treatment to prevent organic growth
to filters as necessary. If there are two or more filtration
plants, one may be placed in an inactive condition, provided
adequate fire protection service can be maintained with the
remaining filter capacity. Inactivate filtering and watersoftening equipment as indicated in para. 2.2.11.
A fire hydrant flow test should be made just prior to the
freezing season. Fire hydrants should be tested for frost
action after each period of prolonged cold weather. Hydrant
barrels should be pumped out at the end of these tests.
IN
c)
AC
TI
VE
water supply, should be continued unless otherwise directed by the EFD
Environmental Branch. Algae control should be maintained in reservoirs and
tanks in accordance with local and seasonal requirements. Clear wells and
tanks should be kept filled. Wells that produce the least satisfactory water
or that are more expensive to pump should be designated for standby service.
Normal water pressure should be maintained throughout the entire distribution
system. Leaks and damage to piping, hydrants, valves, and appurtenances
should be repaired. Dead-end lines should be flushed regularly. All mainline
valves should be tested at intervals. Exposed waterlines subject to freezing,
as on piers, should be disconnected from the system and drained. In addition,
the following steps should be taken:
2.5.6
Potable Water Reactivation
2.5.6.1
Inspection. Consult with the Environmental Branch at cognizant
EFD’s in the technical planning of facility reactivation for establishing
water system adequacy, operating procedures, and coordination with regulatory
agencies.
2.5.6.2
Facilities and Equipment. Equipment, piping, valves, and controls
should be reactivated as specified for similar equipment. In particular, the
distribution system should be chlorinated. Filtering and water-softening
equipment for special uses, such as boiler plants and laundries, is included
54
MIL-HDBK-1130
under para. 2.2.8. Water supply in sufficient quantity and of a quality
meeting current Safe Drinking Water Act (SDWA) standards should be provided.
This service should meet the base’s continuing needs based on the requirements
of the station’s personnel and equipment, plus that necessary for fire
protection and for other purposes, such as flushing and irrigation.
Restoration of normal flow-operating procedures as applied to clarifiers and
filters must be determined separately for each station.
2.5.7
Sewage Inactivation
AC
TI
VE
General. Approval for changes in the wastewater system layout or
2.5.7.1
operation that will alter the degree of treatment or final disposal point must
be obtained from appropriate regulatory agencies. Normally, this will require
a modification or reissue of the discharge permit. In some cases,
installation of septic tanks and leaching fields for servicing small
contingents of guard or maintenance personnel may be more advantageous than
operating the station treatment facility.
Continuance of Sewage Treatment. When sewage treatment is
continued in the station facility, flow should be concentrated
into the least number of units consistent with the maximum
loadings permitted. Units removed from operation should be
drained, cleaned, thoroughly oiled, and filled with clean
water. Recirculation may be employed to eliminate excessive
detention periods and resultant septic action. In the absence
of recirculation facilities, surplus pumps and temporary lines
should be utilized to effect recirculation. Treatment plant
equipment should be operated normally, and the following
procedures observed:
(1)
Safeguard filter-dosing tanks against freezing by reducing
dosing tank capacity or by concentrating the flow to one
filter during cold weather.
(2)
Drain siphons and exposed pipelines or otherwise protect
against freezing.
IN
a)
(3)
Lift station discharge pipe contents should be displaced
at least once every 6 hours; it may be necessary to use
fresh water to accomplish this, but cross-connections
should be avoided.
(4)
Float controls in wet wells should be adjusted to maintain
sewage at a level that will ensure frequent pumping.
(5)
Pumps, standby engines, and control apparatus should be
inspected and operated at least once each week.
55
MIL-HDBK-1130
b) Discontinuance of Sewage Treatment. When the use of station
sewage treatment facilities may be discontinued, the facilities
should be tagged as secured and bypassed to prevent seepage
water from passing through the plant.
(1) Screen pits and grit chambers should be drained and
cleaned. Screens and comminutors should be cleaned
thoroughly. Screenings should be disposed of in an
approved manner.
AC
TI
VE
(2) Sedimentation tanks should be drained and cleaned; if
these tanks are not of the type drainable by gravity, they
should be filled with clean water and kept oiled during
warm weather to prevent mosquito breeding. Provision
should be made to prevent damage from uplift or freezing.
(3) Trickling filters should be removed from service, and all
piping should be drained to prevent freezing.
(4) Activated sludge and contact aeration-type plants should
be treated as indicated for the sedimentation tanks,
except that porous tubes and plates should be given
special care.
(5)
Sewage Reactivation
IN
2.5.8
Sludge in sludge digesters should be retained for a
minimum of five days after plant shutdown to reduce gas
evolution; then the digesters should be opened for
ventilation, and the sludge should be drained to drying
beds. Care should be taken to prevent explosion of gasair mixtures in the digesters. Personnel should not be
allowed to enter digestion tanks while they are being
drained or while the danger of asphyxiation or gas
poisoning exists. After a tank has been drained, it
should be cleaned and kept ventilated.
2.5.8.1
General. The Environmental Branch of the cognizant EFD should be
consulted in the technical planning of installation reactivation. It is
especially important that the branch be consulted in establishing
wastewater/sewage treatment system adequacy, operating procedures, and
coordination with regulatory agencies since treatment processes and regulatory
criteria may have changed during the inactivation period. Additionally, the
discharge permit will have to be modified or reissued.
2.5.8.2
Wastewater Systems. Determination should be made that existing
wastewater treatment is adequate in accordance with the latest regulatory
agency criteria. The sewage-treatment plant should be returned to operation.
56
MIL-HDBK-1130
Trickling filters, Imhoff tanks, settling tanks and beds, and digesters
removed from service should be returned to service. All treatment equipment,
piping, sanitary sewers, etc. should be cleaned, tested, and returned to
service. Discontinue any existing arrangement whereby the sewage-treatment
plant is being bypassed to prevent seepage water from passing through the
plant.
IN
AC
TI
VE
2.5.8.3
Contracts. Water and sewage treatment may involve contracts with
local utility agencies. The usage anticipated upon reactivation should be
estimated, and contracts should be revised, as necessary.
57
MIL-HDBK-1130
Section 3:
CARETAKER MAINTENANCE
General. As stated in para. 1.3.2, caretaker maintenance refers to
3.1
the level of maintenance performed on an inactivated facility to preserve its
weathertightness, security, and protection from fire, rodents, birds, or human
damage. Caretaker maintenance also includes performing those tasks necessary
to keep an inactivated facility aesthetically acceptable when it is located
among other active facilities.
3.1.1
AC
TI
VE
The process for maintaining an inactive facility is the same as for
maintaining an active facility, only the degree and frequency of task
execution may be different. All relevant Navy instructions and publications,
such as NAVFAC MO-321, Facilities Management; MO-322; and OPNAVINST 11010.34B
Instructions for Preparation and Submission of the Type “A” Annual Inspection
Summary and Narrative Assessment, still apply. The cyclical sequence of
inspection and maintenance procedures must still be followed. NAVFAC’s
philosophy of controlled maintenance still applies. This section relates the
various maintenance and inspection procedures to caretaker efforts.
Types of Maintenance Actions
Preventive Maintenance. This category involves the day-to-day
3.1.1.1
effort required to keep a facility, piece of equipment, or system functioning.
The intent is to reduce downtime by anticipating problems and taking necessary
actions to prevent them. Preventive maintenance actions are usually low cost,
have little impact of activity resources, and are performed by operators,
rather than maintenance personnel.
3.1.1.2
Corrective Maintenance. Corrective maintenance involves the
planned replacement of material or components that have worn or failed,
thereby causing a degradation of a system or facility to operate at full
capacity. This category involves maintenance efforts that are more involved
than preventive maintenance and are usually accomplished by maintenance
technicians.
IN
3.1.1.3
Breakdown Maintenance. Breakdown maintenance is necessary when an
unplanned building or system failure occurs. It is the most costly type to
perform because it cannot be routinely planned. Maintenance personnel must
react to breakdown situations immediately, interrupting other planned work.
Also, proper spare parts or other materials may not be readily available,
causing a need to substitute less adequate material or cannibalize some other
system.
Borrowing. In the normal maintenance of active facilities, there
3.1.1.4
is a tendency to “borrow” parts or components from buildings or facilities in
an inactive status. This “borrowing” or ‘cannibalization” appears prudent at
the time since it saves the time required to obtain the parts from normal
channels. The intent is always to reorder and eventually replace the borrowed
58
MIL-HDBK-1130
part. Unfortunately, the replacement is rarely completed. This can leave the
inactive building or facility in an extremely degraded condition.
Additionally, when the facility is ready for activation, it may be difficult
to identify what specific parts or components have been borrowed. Finally,
needed parts may no longer be available. All of this can result in an
excessive cost to repair a facility prior to reactivation. To preclude this
problem, the maintenance management organization should establish policies and
appropriate checks to ensure borrowing does not become commonplace.
AC
TI
VE
Types of Facility Inspections.
The following paragraphs provide
3.1.2
brief descriptions of the key facility inspection actions. Further
information on the Navy’s shore facility inspection system can be found in
NAVFAC MO-322.
Operator Inspection. Operator inspection generally refers to the
3.1.2.1
routine examination, lubrication, and minor adjustment of equipment and
systems to which a specific operator has been assigned. Additionally, it
includes any effort by an operator to identify equipment or system problems
that can be corrected through maintenance by either the operator or
maintenance technicians. These inspection logs should be consulted prior to
inactivation or closure to identify potential problems or changes to the
system.
3.1.2.2
Preventive Maintenance Inspection. Preventive maintenance
inspection is defined as routine examination, lubrication, and minor
adjustment of equipment and systems not otherwise assigned to full-time
operators.
IN
Control Inspection. Control inspections are scheduled examinations
3.1.2.3
or tests to determine the material condition of a facility, piece of
equipment, or system. They are normally accomplished by activity caretaker
personnel or contractors. The results of these inspections are the primary
input to the Annual Inspection Summary (AIS) and are used to generate
corrective maintenance job orders (see para. 3.2.3). OPNAVINST 11010.34B
provides detailed guidance on preparing an AIS.
3.1.2.4
Specialized Inspection. A specialized inspection is a scheduled
examination of systems of components that require specialized expertise or
equipment to determine their condition. The specialized inspection program is
administered by NAVFAC EFDs. Results of specialized inspections should be
integrated with findings of the control inspection program in order to
determine overall facility condition.
3.2
Caretaker Maintenance Planning
3.2.1
Maintenance Action Plan. In accordance with the Navy’s Maintenance
Management System, every Navy activity is required to develop a plan to
accomplish its maintenance actions. This maintenance action plan should
59
MIL-HDBK-1130
address all the facilities, both active and inactive, present at the activity;
specific equipment at the activity; and personnel who will plan, execute, and
manage the actions. The plan should also list specific maintenance and
inspection frequencies, areas to check, and any unique features of all the
buildings, equipment, and systems. The mechanics of how the plans are
developed and used depend on the physical plant and management philosophy of
each individual activity.
3.2.2
AC
TI
VE
Input to the maintenance action plan comes from the inspections
carried out under the Maintenance Management System. These inspections
(operator, preventive maintenance, control, and specialized), as defined in
para. 3.1.2, identify facility, equipment, and system deficiencies throughout
the activity’s physical plant. In general, it is the preventive maintenance
and control inspections that provide the most useful input to the maintenance
planning efforts.
Inspection Frequency
Preventive Maintenance. It is the responsibility of the
3.2.2.1
maintenance division, with assistance from the cognizant EFD, to determine
what equipment to inspect and how often. This is usually done based on the
recommendations of shop personnel, Navy publications, and manufacturer’s
documentation.
IN
Control. Inspection frequencies are established based on
3.2.2.2
experience and engineering judgment. Appendix A lists the suggested minimum
control inspection frequencies, per NAVFAC MO-322. These inspection
frequencies are standards for active facilities and equipment. Review for
applicability to the specific details of the inactive/closed facility and
tailor to establish a site-specific set of caretaker maintenance requirements.
If systems and equipment are placed out of service and secured, inspections
may not be required. Maintain systems like cathodic protection for
underground utility distribution systems and tanks and sanitary and storm
sewers as for active facilities. The cognizant EFD can provide guidance in
developing a specific set of procedures that take into account activity
specific conditions such as:
a)
Facility categorization codes
b)
Age of facility
c)
Type of construction
d)
Climatic conditions
e)
Mission readiness of the inactive facility
f)
Importance of the inactive facility.
60
MIL-HDBK-1130
Annual Inspection Summary (AIS). The AIS is a summary of unfunded
3.2.3
maintenance and repair deficiencies identified throughout the year by a
comprehensive and planned continuous inspection program. All shore activities
included within the scope of OPNAVINST 11010.34B, will prepare AIS documents.
Reporting activities must list all real property facilities for which they
have maintenance funding responsibilities, even if there are no reportable
deficiencies. List deficiencies only if they are $1,000 or greater.
There are three types of AIS:
Type A - for Navy owned and operated property, including
facilities operated by contractors for research and
development, not outleased or declared surplus.
AC
TI
VE
a)
b) Type B - for Navy property, except industrial facilities
outleased, declared surplus, or sold with a recapture
provision. Also included is property from activities that have
been disestablished and are not covered by Type A or C.
c)
Type C - For industrial facilities, not Navy operated
(Government owned, contractor operated).
Inactive facilities are normally included in the Type B AIS for the
activity. NAVFAC MO-322, Vol I, provides instructions for the preparation of
this type of AIS. Include excessed facilities in the Type A AIS in accordance
with OPNAVINST I1010.34B.
Preparing the AIS for the activity brings together the results of
all inspections and maintenance and repair requirements generated throughout
the year. This accumulation of necessary actions can be incorporated into a
maintenance action plan for the upcoming year. Included in this list are the
necessary caretaker maintenance actions for upkeep of the inactive facilities.
IN
Records and Reports. Key to any good maintenance system is
3.2.4
adequate documentation of items that must be maintained. The condition of
these items must be described, and sufficient nomenclature must be provided to
allow ordering of replacement parts. In addition, documentation of
maintenance standards and frequencies is essential for planning, executing,
and providing quality control of maintenance programs. Records and reports
must be tailored to the individual activity, depending on its particular
organization and maintenance philosophy. At a minimum, the following types of
information should be documented:
Current Maintenance Records. Records should be kept in sufficient
3.2.4.1
detail to document the following information:
a)
The identity of each major structure, equipment item, group of
items, or system.
61
MIL-HDBK-1130
Current maintenance status of each (active, inactive and
excess), including unfunded deficiencies (by types, critical
and deferrable) and uncompleted job orders.
c)
Current status of any special project designs or construction.
d)
Past maintenance history of each, including description and
cost of major repairs or replacement.
e)
Additional information, as required, for AIS input.
f)
Recommendations for future programmed repairs or replacements,
including estimates of funds or manpower requirements.
g)
Schedules for future inspections, tests, or maintenance
procedures where programmed or otherwise required.
AC
TI
VE
b)
3.2.4.2
Historical Records. Historical records are of particular
importance in documenting original, as-built conditions and any subsequent
modifications.
They become the basis for future planned upgrades or changes.
Also preserve original manufacturers operating and maintenance manuals and
parts lists. They can be valuable for older equipment whose parts are hard to
find.
3.2.4.3
Requirements of Other Government Agencies. Records of tests and
inspections of certain systems, structures, and equipment components may be
required by other Government agencies like the Coast Guard, the EPA, and the
Department of Labor.
3.3
Specific Caretaker Inspection and Maintenance Requirements
General. The paragraphs that follow address inspections and
3.3.1
maintenance required for various buildings, structures, and systems.
IN
Building Inspection. At a minimum, make annual inspections of
3.3.2
roofs, joints around door frames and window frames, and other joints in wood
and masonry structures that usually are caulked. Also inspect immediately
after severe storms or earthquakes. Roof trusses, particularly large timber
trusses, should also be inspected annually. When necessary, take minimum
maintenance measures to ensure stability of wall and roof framing under snow
and wind loads.
a)
Inspect foundations and underframing of buildings and other
structures annually to detect termite or similar infestations
and rot. Make a survey of the premises and schedule
maintenance and repair. Assistance can be obtained from the
EFD applied biologist.
62
MIL-HDBK-1130
b)
Schedule periodic inspections to ensure that the facilities are
properly policed.
Building Equipment Inspections. Inspect interior equipment and
3.3.3
test prior to storage to ensure that it is worth storing. Test and inspect
this equipment and test during storage to reveal conditions that may be
corrected before any deterioration has passed economical recovery limits. The
frequency and type of inspection is dependent upon the type of equipment,
shut-down procedure, environmental conditions of storage, and degree of
readiness desired.
AC
TI
VE
Specialized Inspections. Specialized inspections may be required
3.3.4
for certain equipment and facilities. Any specialized inspections will be
administered by the EFD, which should be informed of those items being
inactivated. The EFD will then initiate any necessary modifications to the
specialized inspection program.
Interior Electric Equipment. If manpower and electric service is
3.3.5
available, operate motors and generators under light load for two hours each
month. If operation at monthly intervals is impossible or impractical,
operate a lamp or small heater continuously under the motor and generator
covering, and make warm-up runs every six months. When neither of the
preceding options are practical, cover motors and generators or prepare for
preservation per para. 2.1.5 to reduce the intake of moisture by air
circulation.
HVAC Systems. As instructed by this manual, most HVAC systems are
3.3.6
cleaned, sealed, and protected during inactivation. This prevents starting
the system up. At a minimum, all controls, rotating equipment, valves,
dampers, and any other moving parts should be exercised twice yearly to
prevent corrosion freeze-up. Manufacturer’s literature should also be
consulted for other caretaker maintenance procedures.
IN
3.3.7
Batteries. Specific gravities of individual cells should be
maintained to manufacturer’s specifications, and equalizing charges should be
applied when required. Storage batteries for alarm systems must be kept
charged.
Interior Water and Sanitation. Periodic inspection of all traps
3.3.8
should be made for possible evaporation of the antifreeze. Where temperatures
are above 40 degrees F, all traps should be inspected periodically and kept
filled with water or other suitable fluid to the normal water seal height.
Dead end lines should be flushed regularly, and main valves should be tested
at intervals.
3.3.9
Rubber Lined POL Tanks. To keep the gasoline in contact with the
floor lining, accumulations of water should be pumped from the sump at least
once a month in warm climates and once in 3 to 6 months in cold climates.
63
MIL-HDBK-1130
Aeration of rubber-lined gasoline tanks will not be required, as the leaded
gasoline vapors protect the lining above the gasoline level. If leaded
gasoline is not available, use lead additives or another suitable protestant
in the tank. When there is any indication that the ground water head may
exceed 10 feet, sufficient quantities of gasoline in rubber-lined tanks and of
water in other tanks should be maintained to prevent flotation.
Railroad Right-of-Way. Maintain drainage facilities to prevent
3.3.10
serious damage to the track structure. Maintain trestles, culverts, inlets,
and drains in the normal manner.
AC
TI
VE
Vegetation Control. Keep grass within 25 feet of all combustible
3.3.11
structures cut to a height of less than 2-1/2 inches. All other areas should
be cut as needed, but at least once per year, for fire control. Grass should
never be cut shorter than 1-1/2 inches. Weeds should be cut as often as
necessary to prevent the formation of fire hazards and the destruction of
grasses. For the same reason, remove all clipped materials from the area.
Refer to NAVFAC MO-100.1 for further details.
Insect and Rodent Control. The minimum amount of insect and rodent
3.3.12
control work necessary to protect the health of personnel and to prevent
damage to property, food, and equipment should be maintained in accordance
with the applicable requirements of NAVFAC MO-310, Military Entomology
Operational Handbook. Tanks in water supply and sewage disposal plants
discontinued from service should be treated for mosquito control at regular
intervals.
Tanks that are treated should be tagged with the date of
treatment. Mosquito control ditches should be protected from damage and
sufficiently repaired to prevent the formation of mosquito breeding places.
All fly breeding should be eliminated.
IN
3.3.13
Roads and Grounds. Storm sewers and drainage ditches should be
maintained when required to prevent damage to roads, runways, tracks, and
structures. In temperate zones, ditches should be repaired in the spring and
maintained through the summer; in the tropics, maintenance should be continued
throughout the year. Conditions that cause the formation of pools or that
retard flow in ditches should be corrected; banks should be kept smooth, and
all debris, silt, and mud should be removed. Drainage structures such as
culverts, inlets, and catchbasins should be kept clean and at full efficiency
to prevent flooding and storm damage.
Parking and storage areas should be maintained as required for the
comparable class of road pavement, including preservation of drainage.
Traffic aids, including guard fences, markings, signals, and signs, should not
be maintained or renewed. Weed mowing of shoulders and right-of-ways should
be limited to that required for proper drainage, fire inspection, control of
noxious weed growth, and to prevent formation of insect breeding places. Snow
removal is required on roads, streets, walks, airfields, and other paved areas
only to the extent necessary to provide access for maintenance, fire
64
MIL-HDBK-1130
protection, and similar activities. Remove snow around fire hydrants to make
them accessible to firefighting personnel and apparatus. It may be necessary
to remove snow and ice to provide connections to the established drainage
systems and to maintain drainage openings to their full capacity.
When practicable, a wobble-wheeled roller should make low speed
passes over all well used bituminous surfaces at least once during the summer
months when the outside temperature is above 75 degrees F.
AC
TI
VE
Bridges. Bridges should be periodically inspected for verification
3.3.14
of structural integrity in accordance with NAVFAC MO-126, Inspection of
Bridges and Trestles. Corrosion or physical damage that threatens the
continued survivability of bridges should be repaired as necessary.
Boiler Plants. Boiler settings should be inspected periodically to
3.3.15
guard against sweating and corrosion of the external surfaces of the pressure
parts. Use of coke jacks or similar heating stoves at convenient points may
be necessary during extended spells of damp weather accompanied by a rising
temperature. The discontinued portions of gas-burner systems should be
checked periodically with a pressure gauge to ensure that leaking valves are
not allowing gas to enter areas withdrawn from service.
3.3.16
Drydocks
3.3.16.1
Inspection. Para. 3.1.2 details the types of inspections, and
Appendix A lists suggested inspection frequencies for drydock-associated
equipment and systems. The actual frequency of these inspections should be
determined by the activity and included in the caretaker maintenance planning.
Additional factors in determining the inspection frequencies are the
anticipated time of inactivation, the expected future mission, and the
economics of maintaining the structures and equipment.
IN
Included in this planning effort should be a detailed inspection to
be made 30 to 60 days after inactivation is completed. The condition of the
pumps, motors, valves, mechanical equipment, electrical equipment, underwater
hull of the entrance caisson, sluice, and stop log gates should be determined.
Effects of corrosion, verdigris, tarnish or mildew should be estimated.
Inspections should disclose where exterior surfaces and equipment require
preservation.
Pumps. Drainage pumps left operable for disposal of rainwater and
3.3.16.2
leakage in the dock and caisson should be checked monthly and after heavy
rains for evidence of failure. For drydocks with the caisson left in place,
test run the pumping capability every 90 days and perform minor operator
maintenance.
Pumps should be overhauled and repaired as required, including
suction and discharge system and electrical controls. Periodic inspection of
stop logs is necessary to ensure watertightness of the pumpwell.
65
MIL-HDBK-1130
Alarm Systems. Test alarm systems quarterly. When possible, a
3.3.16.3
station manned 24-hours per day should monitor remote water level alarms. A
roving operator should make periodic checks of pump wells.
AC
TI
VE
Dehumidification. Through the observation ports and without
3.3.16.4
entering dehumidified spaces, weekly checks of the relative humidity should be
made and recorded. An average humidity of 35 percent should be maintained.
Erratic operation of mechanical dehumidifiers, or continuous operation for
unusually long period of time is an indication of leakage requiring
investigation. Humidistats should be checked and adjusted monthly for
accuracy of control and sensitivity at a dry-bulb temperature equal to the
pumproom temperature. Entry to the dehumidified spaces, following oxygen and
gas tests, should be limited to inspection of equipment therein and emergency
repairs/services of the dehumidifiers pump motors and control equipment.
Always close access doors as quickly as possible, and check that they are
provided with well-fitting airtight gaskets, and marked: “KEEP CLOSED-DEHUMIDIFIED AREA.” Inspect all other openings connecting dehumidified spaces
with the weather to be sure seals are intact.
Corrosion. Annually inspect all exposed metal, concrete surfaces,
3.3.16.5
and timber blocking for corrosion and deterioration while the drydock is
dewatered. Defects noticed in corrosion control system coatings and cathodic
protection should be corrected in accordance with methods and materials used
at inactivation.
Leaks. Dewatered drydocks and inactivated caissons should be
3.3.16.6
checked for the development of new leaks quarterly; significant leaks should
be eliminated. Minor leaks should be recorded and kept under observation as
required.
IN
Clean-up. The coping areas, dock chamber, pipe gallery, and
3.3.16.7
tunnels should be kept free of trash, debris, and accumulations of all sorts.
Storage of material of any type in and adjacent to inactivated drydocks should
be only by authorization.
66
MIL-HDBK-1130
Section 4:
WHOLE BASE CLOSURE OR INACTIVATION
4.1
Introduction. Base closure as used in this section and throughout
this handbook means deactivating a Navy shore base and removing the land and
facilities from the Navy’s plant account. Base closure is not the same as
base inactivation. The term “closure” is used when the Navy permanently gives
up its property; inactivation is used when the property is retained by the
Navy but kept in an inactive or “moth-balled” status.
AC
TI
VE
4.2
Impact of Closure. Any time an entire naval installation is
closed, all employees are transferred or released, and all facilities are
transferred or demolished, there is a major impact on all involved. NEPA
documentation is required to assess the impact of a base closure. Particular
areas of study will include land use, area employment, environmental hazards
and any other concerns. They will then publically disclose the findings of
the study. If adverse effects are found, mitigating measures could be
required during closure. Consult with the NAVFAC Environmental Branch for the
necessary expertise.
4.3
Demolition. When an entire base is closed, there is normally very
little demolition performed. Facilities on the base are assets that have
value to the prospective new owner. However, where facilities are demolished,
coordination becomes critical. A facility must be vacated, and salvageable
equipment must be removed before it is demolished. Hazardous materials
require removal in compliance with the Resource Conservation and Recovery Act
(see para. 1.4). Additionally, demolition contracts must be developed,
awarded, and executed. This requires considerable effort at a time when
public works resources are scarce. The process must be accomplished in an
expeditious manner so that it can be complete prior to turnover of the land to
GSA or some other new owner. Further, demolition should be completed as soon
as possible to avoid potential safety and security problems.
IN
4.4
Inactivation. If the whole base is to be inactivated, all
facilities structures, utility systems, and grounds will require some
preparation. Guidance on how to accomplish this effort is contained in
Section 2. The steps required to inactivate and “moth ball” facilities are
not individually complex, but when every facility must be inactivated at the
same time the work force is being phased out, careful planning and detailed
record keeping are essential. The decision to inactivate vice close a base
presumes some future need. If facilities and systems are not adequately
protected in the process of inactivating, they will require significantly more
effort and expenditure of resources to reactivate.
4.5
Closure. Whole base closure also requires careful planning and
detailed record-keeping. Since the base is no longer required by the Navy and
will be transferred to a new owner, expenditure of Navy resources to preserve
it should be kept to a minimum. However, the process usually takes a
relatively long time to accomplish, and in the interim, the Navy has a
67
MIL-HDBK-1130
responsibility to keep the facility safe, secure, and reasonably maintained.
Depending on the local situation, the Navy may retain custody for several
years; this will require establishment of some form of caretaker maintenance
and security force. Additionally, even though the Class I (land) and Class II
(real property) properties will be transferred to a new owner, there will be
equipment, material, tools, furniture and numerous other Navy assets available
for reassignment. Decisions must be made on what items to remove from the
base and transfer to other Navy organizations before buildings and structures
are transferred to GSA. Accountability of all this material must be
maintained to protect the taxpayer’s investment in it.
AC
TI
VE
Because of the turmoil surrounding the base closure decision, a
stable workforce will not be available to complete all tasks the Public Works
Department must accomplish. Public Works management should identify a
skeleton organization early in the process. Activity management should
develop a staffing plan for this skeleton organization, normally composed
primarily of military personnel. As regular employees leave, their
responsibilities are transferred to the skeleton work force. An alternative
to the skeleton work force is to contract those functions that remain to be
accomplished.
4.6
Whole Base Closure or Inactivation Planning. In the process of
planning for a whole base closure or inactivation, Public Works Management
must answer several preliminary questions, namely:
a)
How long should Public Works services be provided and to what
level?
b) At what rate should Public Works Department employees be
released?
c)
What residual or caretaker work force is required? Will it be
staffed with military, government civilians, or by contract?
IN
d) What support will other station departments and tenants require
to vacate their facility?
e)
To what level should inactivated facilities be preserved?
f) What will happen to USN-numbered equipment, Public Works shop
equipment and tools, and Public Works material in the
warehouse?
g)
How long should utility services be provided? What residual
utility services will be required?
h) When should facility support contracts be terminated? What
residual contracts are required?
68
MIL-HDBK-1130
i)
What resources (dollars and people) are available to Public
Works?
IN
AC
TI
VE
j) What records, reports, and documentation should Public Works
create or maintain?
69
MIL-HDBK-1130
APPENDIX A
SUGGESTED MINIMUM CONTROL INSPECTION FREQUENCIES
Structural
Years
Buildings (Except Roofs
and Trusses)
2
Chimneys and Stacks
2
Roofs
Trusses
after any storm
no control inspection required
AC
TI
VE
Furniture
Remarks
1
NAVFAC MO-113, para. 2.1.2, also
applies
1
wood-annually; steel- every 5 years
Swimming Pools
1
Antenna Supporting Towers
Masts
2
Brows and Gangways
1
Camels and Separators
1
Dolphins
1
all over 200 feet in height and
done on contract
NAVFACINST 11153.4B applies
for fleet moorings
3
Fuel Facilities (Receiving
and Issue)
1
Piers, Wharves, Quaywalls,
Bulkheads, and Other
Waterfront Facilities
1
Seawalls, Groins, and
Breakwaters
1
Ammunition Storage (Above
Ground ) - Permanent
Construction
2
Grounding System
Fuel Facilities (Storage)
6 mos
2
IN
Dredging, Fleet Moorings,
and Navigation Aids
and after any storm
70
MIL-HDBK-1130
Years
Bridges and Trestles
2
Fences and Walls
2
Fresh Water Storage
1
Grounds - Erosion Control
and Drainage
1
All Other
Remarks
AC
TI
VE
Structural
3
Incinerators
2
Pavements
1
1
Refuse and Garbage
Disposal (Sanitary Fill)
1
Retaining Walls
2
and after severe storms
Storm Drainage Systems
1
and after severe storms
Tunnels and Underground
Structures
2
Aircraft Power Check Facility
1
Air Conditioning Systems
1
Bakery Equipment
1
IN
Railroad Trackage
include trackage for weight
handling equipment
Weight Handling Equipment
P-300 criteria applies
Dishwashing Equipment and
Accessories
1
Domestic Refrigerators and
Freezers
1
Elevators, Platform Lifts,
Dumbwaiters, and Escalators
1
71
MIL-HDBK-1130
Years
Food Preparation and Food
Service Equipment
1
Heating Equipment (Bldgs)
1
Plumbing (Bldgs)
2
Ventilating and Exhaust Air
Systems - Galleys and Hospitals
1
Exhausts for Flammable or
Toxic Fumes
1
All Other
2
Water Heaters
Remarks
AC
TI
VE
Structural
1
Fuel Facilities (Distribution)
1
Aeration Equipment (Water)
1
Aeration Systems (Sewage)
1
Boilers
1
1
Chlorinators and
Hypochlorinators
1
Fresh Water Supply and
Distribution Systems
1
IN
Chemical Feed Equipment for
Water Supply
Gas Distribution Systems
1
Pumps (Sump and Bilge)
1
Septic Tank Systems
1
Sewage Collection and
Disposal Systems
1
Sewage Pumps
1
72
MIL-HDBK-1130
Years
Sewage Screening, Grinding,
and Grit Removal Equipment
1
Sludge Pumps (Reciprocating)
1
Steam Traps
1
Turbine Surface Condensers
1
Turbines (Large)
1
Turbines (Small)
1
Unfired Pressure Vessels
2
Piping for Gas Systems
1
Remarks
AC
TI
VE
Structural
P-300 criteria applies
Capstans and Winches
Electrical Power Plants
1
Aerial Telephone Cable
2
Buried and Underground
Telephone Cable
3
Disconnecting
2
Switches
1
Distribution Transformers,
Energized
1
IN
Distribution Transformers,
Deenergized
2
Electrical Potheads
2
Electrical Relays
1
Lightning Arresters
1
Open Wire Telephone Lines
2
Electrical Grounds and
Grounding Systems
1
Electrical
Instruments
Dry - Annually; Wet - Two Years
73
MIL-HDBK-1130
Years
Power Transformers,
Deenergized
1
Power Transformers, Energized
1
Safety Fencing
1
Steel Power Poles and
Structures
3
Remarks
AC
TI
VE
Structural
Vaults and Manholes
(Electrical)
2
Wood Poles and Accessories
2
Cathodic Protection Systems
6 mos
Electric Motors and Generators
1
Electrical Systems (Bldgs)
2
Electric Systems
(Waterfront Facilities)
1
Fuses and Small
Circuit Breakers
2
Rectifiers
2
1
Telephone Substations
2
IN
Switchgear (Bldgs)
74
MIL-HDBK-1130
APPENDIX B
INACTIVATION/CLOSURE CHECKLISTS
PUBLIC WORKS OFFICER
Establish residual organization (in-house civilian/military or
contract).
AC
TI
VE
Coordinate with other departments and the EFD Facilities Management
Engineering Division to provide required service.
FACILITIES MANAGEMENT ENGINEERING DIVISION
Establish job orders for inactivation/closure actions.
Establish job orders and POA&M for caretaker maintenance.
Coordinate required services.
REAL ESTATE
Prepare Class I and Class II inventory records for transfer.
Terminate/modify leases, licenses, and use agreements (coordinate
with EFD).
CONTRACTS
Terminate/modify facility support contracts (co-ordinate with OIC).
IN
Terminate/modify transportation, operations, and maintenance
contracts (bus service, taxi service, wrecker service, etc.).
Terminate/modify purchased utility contracts (responsibility of EFD
Code 09B).
Terminate/modify construction contracts (coordinate with OICC/OIC).
Terminate/modify timber sale contracts.
Terminate/modify A/E contracts.
75
MIL-HDBK-1130
ENVIRONMENTAL/NATURAL
RESOURCES
Modify/cancel discharge permits.
Modify/terminate/continue environmental monitoring actions.
Close disposal sites and land fills.
Transfer hazardous waste held in temporary storage facility.
AC
TI
VE
Evaluate inactivation/closure actions for potential environmental
impact.
Prepare environmental records for transfer (PCB transformers,
asbestos surveys, underground tanks, land fills, endangered species
management, wetlands mitigation, etc.).
Coordinate with local, state, and EFD environmental and natural
resource management agencies.
INTER-GOVERNMENTAL
CO-ORDINATION
Local city government.
Local county government.
State government.
Area clearing house.
Adjacent DOD activities/tenants.
Navy tenants.
IN
Other Federal agencies/tenants.
TRANSPORTATION
Transfer/dispose of USN-numbered equipment.
Transfer/dispose of other equipment and tools.
76
MIL-HDBK-1130
BUILDING DEACTIVATION
Make building weathertight (repair roof, cover openings).
Allow for ventilation, open blinds, etc.
Provide required humidity control and heating.
Open all interior doors and windows.
Secure keys next to door.
AC
TI
VE
Secure all exterior doors and hang keys on inside of door.
Designate one door for entry and provide hasp and padlock or other
suitable lock.
Duplicate all keys and store in a suitable location for a future use.
Cover sensitive equipment to protect from dust, dirt, and water.
Unplug all equipment from wall outlets.
Secure utility services at convenient location (steam, water, power),
unless partial utility service is required.
Drain all water, steam, and sewer lines. Provide anti-freeze or some
other fluid for areas that cannot be drained (traps, water seals).
Secure telephone service to building.
Remove all highly flammable material (solvents).
Disconnect and drain water coolers, kitchen equipment, etc.
Remove items to be disposed of or transferred.
IN
Provide general cleanup after other work is accomplished.
Provide signs for exterior of building indicating it is secured, date
secured, and telephone number to report emergencies.
77
MIL-HDBK-1130
REFERENCES
NOTE : THE FOLLOWING REFERENCED DOCUMENTS FORM A PART OF THIS HANDBOOK TO THE
EXTENT SPECIFIED HEREIN. UNLESS OTHERWISE SPECIFIED IN THE TEXT, USERS OF
THIS HANDBOOK SHOULD UTILIZE THE LATEST REVISIONS OF THE DOCUMENT CITED
HEREIN .
AC
TI
VE
FEDERAL/MILITARY SPECIFICATIONS, STANDARDS, BULLETINS, HANDBOOKS, AND NAFVAC
GUIDE SPECIFICATIONS:
Unless otherwise indicated, copies are available from the Naval Publishing and
Printing Service Office (NPPSO), Standardization Document Order Desk, Building
4D, 700 Robbins Avenue, Philadelphia, PA 19111-5094.
SPECIFICATIONS
MIL-L-9000H
Lubricating Oil, Shipboard Internal Combustion
Engine, High Output Diesel
TT-C-598
Calking Compound, Oil and Resin Base Type (for
Masonry and Other Structures
TT-V-51F
STANDARDS
Varnish:
Asphalt
MIL-STD-101B
Color Code for Pipelines and for Compressed Gas
Cylinders
MIL-STD-1625C
Safety Certification Program for Drydocking
Facilities and Shipbuilding Ways for U.S. Navy Ships
IN
HANDBOOKS
MIL-HDBK-1OO8A
Fire Protection for Facilities Engineering, Design
and Construction
NAVY MANUALS, P-PUBLICATIONS, AND MAINTENANCE OPERATING MANUALS:
Available from Commanding Officer, Naval Publications and Form Center, (NPFC),
5801 Tabor Avenue, Philadelphia, PA 19120-5099. To order these documents:
Government agencies must use the Military Standard Requisitioning and Issue
Procedure (MILSTRIP); the private sector must write to NPFC, ATTENTION: Cash
Sales, Code 1051, 5801 Tabor Avenue, Philadelphia, PA 19120-5099.
78
MIL-HDBK-1130
P-PUBLICATIONS
NAVFAC P-73
Real Estate Procedures Manual
NAVFAC P-442
Economic Analysis Handbook
MAINTENANCE OPERATING MANUALS
Natural Resources Land Management
NAVFAC MO-102
Maintenance and Repair of Surfaced Areas
NAVFAC MO-103
Maintenance of Trackage
NAVFAC MO-104
Maintenance of Waterfront Facilities
NAVFAC MO-114
Building Maintenance, Plumbing, Heating and
Ventilating
NAVFAC MO-116
Facilities Engineering, Electrical Interior
Facilities
NAVFAC MO-117
Maintenance of Fire Protection Systems
NAVFAC MO-126
Inspection of Bridges and Trestles
NAVFAC MO-230
Maintenance and Operation of Petroleum Fuel
Facilities
NAVFAC MO-310
Military Entomology Operational Handbook
NAVFAC MO-312
Wood Protection
NAVFAC MO-321
Facilities Management
IN
AC
TI
VE
NAVFAC MO-100.1
NAVFAC MO-322
Inspection of Shore Facilities
NAVFAC MO-324
Inspection and Certification of Boilers and Unfired
Pressure Vessels
NAVFAC MO-913
Historic Structures Preservation Manual
79
MIL-HDBK-1130
OTHER GOVERNMENT DOCUMENTS AND PUBLICATIONS:
NAVY CIVIL ENGINEERING LABORATORY
TDS 77-09
Coating Interiors of Steel Potable Water Tanks
NAVY DEPARTMENTAL INSTRUCTIONS:
AC
TI
VE
Available from Commanding Officer, Naval Publications and Forms Center, ATTN:
Code 3015, 5801 Tabor Avenue, Phialdelphia, PA 19120-5099.
Safe Drinking Water at Navy Shore Activities
NAVSEAINST 11420.2
Drydocking Facilities; Safety Certification
Criteria for Docking U.S. Navy Ships
OPNAVINST 5090.1
Environmental Protection and Natural Resources
Manual
OPNAVINST 11000.16
Command Responsibility for Shore Activity Land and
Facilities
OPNAVINST 11010.34B
Instructions for Preparation and Submission of the
Type "A" Annual Inspection Summary and Narrative
Assessment
IN
NAVFACINST 11330.14
PREPARING ACTIVITY
NAVY - YD
CUSTODIAN
NAVY - YD
PROJECT NO.
FACR 1068
80
STANDARDIZATION DOCUMENT IMPROVEMENT PROPOSAL
(See Instructions-Reverse Side)
2. DOCUMENT TITLE
1. DOCCUMENT NUMBER
MIL-HDBK-1130
INACTIVATION, CARETAKER MAINTENANCE,
REACTIVATION, AND CLOSURE OF SHORE FACILITIES
4. TYPE OF ORGANIZATION (Mark one)
3. NAME OF SUBMITTING ORGANIZATION
❑ VENDOR
❑ USER
b. ADDRESS (Street, City, State, ZIP Code)
❑ EFD/PWD
❑ AE
❑ CONTRACTOR
❑ OICCROICC
❑ MANUFACTURER
❑ OTHER (Society):
5. PROBLEM AREAS
b. Recommended
c.
Reason/Rationale
AC
TI
VE
a. Paragraon Number and Wording:
Wording:
for
IN
6. REMARKS
Recommendation:
7a. NAME OF SUBMlTTER (Last, First, MI) - Optional
b . W O R K T E L E P H O N E NUMBER (Include Area
Code) - Options:
c. MAILING ADDRESS (Street, City, State, ZIP Code) - Optional
a.
DD
FORM
82 MAR
NAVFAC Overprint
1426
PREVIOUS EDITION IS OBSOLETE
DATE
OF
SUBMISSION
(YYMMDD)
INSTRUCTIONS: In a continuing effort to make our standardization documents better. the DoD provides this form for use in
submitting comments and suggestions for improvements. All users of military standardization documents are invited to provide
suggestions. This form may be detached, folded along the lines indicated, taped along the loose edge (DO NOT STAPLE), and
mailed. In block 5, be as specific as possible about particular problem areas such as working which required interpretation. was
too rigid, restrictive, loose, ambiguous, or was incompatible, and give proposed wording changes which would alleviate the
problems. Enter in block 6 any remarks not related to a specific paragraph of the document. If block 7 is filled out, an
acknowledgement will be mailed to you within 30 days to let you know that your comments were received and are being
considered.
AC
TI
VE
NOTE: This form may not be used to request copies of documents, nor to request waivers, deviations, or clarifications of
specification requirements on current contracts. Comments submitted on this form do not constitute or imply authorization
to waive any portion of the referenced document(s) or amend contractual requirements.
(Fold along this Iine)
(Fold along this line)
IN
DEPARTMENT OF THE NAVY
OFFICIAL BUSINESS
PENALTY FOR PRIVATE USE $300
NO POSTAGE
NECESSARY
IF MAILED
IN THE
UNITED STATES
BUSINESS REPLY MAIL
FIRST CLASS
PERMIT NO. 12503
WASHINGT0N D.C.
POSTAGE WILL BE PAID BY THE DEPARTMENT OF THE NAVY
COMMANDER, Northern Division
Naval Facilities Engineering Command
Code 164
Philadelphia, PA 19112-5094
Was this manual useful for you? yes no
Thank you for your participation!

* Your assessment is very important for improving the work of artificial intelligence, which forms the content of this project

Download PDF

advertisement