Belkin | ADSL Modem with Wireless 802.11g Router | User manual | Belkin ADSL Modem with Wireless 802.11g Router User manual

Belkin ADSL Modem with Wireless 802.11g Router User manual
ADSL Modem with
Wireless G Router
Network your computers and share your
ADSL Internet access
User Manual
Mbps
802.11g
2.4GHz • Wireless
F5D7632uk4
Mbps
802.11b
2.4GHz • Wireless
Table of Contents
1 Introduction . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .1
Product Features . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .1
Benefits of a Home Network . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .3
Advantages of a Belkin Wireless Network . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .3
2 Make Sure You Have the Following . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .4
Package Contents . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .4
System Requirements . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .4
Internet Connection Settings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .4
3 Knowing your Router . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .5
4 Connecting your Router . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .8
Positioning your Router . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .8
Connecting your Computers . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .9
Connecting your ADSL Line . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .10
Powering Up your Router. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .12
5 Setting Up your Computers . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .13
Manually Configuring Network Adapters . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .13
Recommended Web Browser Settings. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .19
6 Configuring your Router with the Setup Wizard . . . . . . . . . . .21
Running the Setup Wizard . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .21
Connecting to the Wireless LAN . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 25
7 Manually Configuring Your Router . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .26
Understanding the Web-Based User Interface. . . . . . . . . . . .26
Changing LAN Settings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .28
Internet WAN . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .31
Wireless . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .37
Firewall. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .43
Utilities . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .51
8 Troubleshooting . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .60
9 Technical Support Information . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .73
10 Appendix . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .74
Appendix A: Glossary . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .74
Appendix B: Important Factors for Placement and Setup . . .80
Appendix C: Internet Connection Setting Table . . . . . . . . . . .83
11 Information . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .84
Introduction
1
2
3
4
Product Features
Compatibility with Both PCs and Mac® Computers
The Router supports a variety of networking environments including
Mac OS ® 8.x, 9.x, X v10.x, AppleTalk ®, Linux ®, Windows ® 95, 98SE,
Me, NT ®, 2000, and XP, and others. You need an Internet browser and
a network adapter that supports TCP/IP (the standard language of
the Internet).
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6
7
8
Front-Panel LED Display
Lighted LEDs on the front of the Router indicate which functions
are in operation. You’ll know at-a-glance whether your Router is
connected to the Internet. This feature eliminates the need for
advanced software and status-monitoring procedures.
Web-Based Advanced User Interface
You can set up the Router’s advanced functions easily through your
web browser, without having to install additional software onto the
computer. There are no disks to install or keep track of and, best
of all, you can make changes and perform setup functions from any
computer on the network quickly and easily.
Integrated 10/100 4-Port Switch
The Router has a built-in, 4-port network switch to allow your wired
computers to share printers, data and MP3 files, digital photos,
and much more. The switch features automatic detection so it will
adjust to the speed of connected devices. The switch will transfer
data between computers and the Internet simultaneously without
interrupting or consuming resources.
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section
Thank you for purchasing the Belkin ADSL Modem with Wireless G
Router (the Router). In minutes you will be able to share your Internet
connection and network your computers with your new Router. The
following is a list of features that make your Router an ideal solution
for your home or small office network. Please be sure to read through
this User Manual completely, and pay special attention to Appendix B
entitled “Important Factors for Placement and Setup”.
Introduction
Integrated 802.11g Wireless Access Point
802.11g is an exciting new wireless technology that achieves data
rates up to 54Mbps, nearly five times faster than 802.11b.
Built-In Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol (DHCP)
Built-In Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol (DHCP) on-board makes
for the easiest possible connection of a network. The DHCP server
will assign IP addresses to each computer automatically so there is no
need for a complicated networking setup.
NAT IP Address Sharing
Your Router employs Network Address Translation (NAT) to share the
single IP address assigned to you by your Internet Service Provider
while saving the cost of adding additional IP addresses to your
Internet service account.
SPI Firewall
Your Router is equipped with a firewall that will protect your network
from a wide array of common hacker attacks including IP Spoofing,
Land Attack, Ping of Death (PoD), Denial of Service (DoS), IP with zero
length, Smurf Attack, TCP Null Scan, SYN flood, UDP flooding, Tear
Drop Attack, ICMP defect, RIP defect, and fragment flooding.
MAC Address Filtering
For added security, you can set up a list of MAC addresses (unique client
identifiers) that are allowed access to your network. Every computer has its
own MAC address. Simply enter these MAC addresses into a list using the
web-based user interface and you can control access to your network.
Universal Plug-and-Play (UPnP) Compatibility
UPnP (Universal Plug-and-Play) is a technology that offers seamless
operation of voice messaging, video messaging, games, and other
applications that are UPnP-compliant.
Support for VPN Pass-Through
If you connect to your office network from home using a VPN
connection, your Router will allow your VPN-equipped computer to
pass through the Router and to your office network.
2
Introduction
By following our simple setup instructions, you will be able to use
your Belkin home network to:
2
•
Share one high-speed Internet connection with all the computers
in your home
3
•
Share resources, such as files, and hard drives among all the
connected computers in your home
4
•
Share a single printer with the entire family
•
Share documents, music, video, and digital pictures
•
Store, retrieve, and copy files from one computer to another
•
Simultaneously play games online, check Internet email,
and chat
5
6
7
Advantages of a Belkin Wireless Network
Mobility – you’ll no longer need a dedicated “computer room”— now you
can work on a networked laptop or desktop computer anywhere within
your wireless range
Easy installation – Belkin’s Easy Installation Wizard makes setup simple
Flexibility – set up and access printers, computers, and other
networking devices from anywhere in your home
Easy Expansion – the wide range of Belkin networking products let
you expand your network to include devices such as printers and
gaming consoles
No cabling required – you can spare the expense and hassle of
retrofitting Ethernet cabling throughout the home or office
Widespread industry acceptance – choose from a wide range of
interoperable networking products
3
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section
1
Benefits of a Home Network
Make Sure You Have the Following
Package Contents
•
ADSL Modem with Wireless G Router
•
RJ11 Telephone Cord - Gray
•
RJ45 Ethernet Networking Cable - Yellow
•
ADSL Microfilter*
•
Power Adapter
•
User Manual CD
*ADSL microfilter varies by country. If it’s not included, you will need to
purchase one.
System Requirements
•
•
•
•
An active ADSL service with a telephone wall jack for connecting
the Router
At least one computer with a Network Interface Card (NIC) and Internet
browser installed and correctly configured
TCP/IP networking protocol installed on each computer connected to
the Router
No other DHCP server on your local network assigning IP addresses to
computers and devices
Internet Connection Settings
Please collect the following information from your Internet Service Provider
(ISP) before setting up the ADSL Modem Wireless G Router.
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
Internet connection protocol: _________ (PPPoE, PPPoA, Dynamic IP,
Static IP)
Multiplexing method or Encapsulation: __________ (LLC or VC MUX)
Virtual circuit: VPI (Virtual Path Identifier) __________
(a number between 0 and 255)
VCI (Virtual Channel Identifier) __________
(a number between 1 and 65535)
For PPPoE and PPPoA users: ADSL account user name _____________
and password _______________
For static IP users: IP Address ___ . ___ . ___
Subnet Mask ___ . ___ . ___
Default Gateway Server ___ . ___ . ___ .
IP address for Domain Name Server ___ . ___ . ___ . ___ (If given by
your ISP)
Note: See Appendix C in this User Manual for some common DSL
Internet setting parameters. If you are not sure, please contact your ISP.
4
Knowing your Router
1
2
Front Panel
3
(1)
(2) (3)
(4)
(5)
4
5
6
7
1.
Power LED
When you apply power to the Router or restart it, a short period
of time elapses while the Router boots up. When the Router has
completely booted up, the Power LED becomes a SOLID light,
indicating the Router is ready for use.
2.
OFF
Router is OFF
Green
Router is ON
Red
Router failed to start
8
9
10
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12
ADSL LED
OFF
No ADSL connection
Green - blinking
Negotiating connection
Green
ADSL link is up and connected
5
section
The Router has been designed to be placed on a desktop. All of the cables
exit from the rear of the Router for better organization and utility. The LED
indicators are easily visible on the front of the Router to provide you with
information about network activity and status.
Knowing your Router
3.
Internet LED
The Internet LED shows you when the Router is connected to
the Internet. When the LED is OFF, the Router is NOT connected
to the Internet. When the LED is solid GREEN, the Router is
connected to the Internet. When the LED is blinking, the Router
is transmitting or receiving data from the Internet.
4.
OFF
No Internet connection
Green
Connected to the Internet
Green - blinking
When transmitted or receiving data
Red
Failed to get IP
WAN Status LED
The WLAN Status LED is solid GREEN when you enabled the
wireless LAN function. It flashes when the Router is transmitting
or receiving data wirelessly.
5.
OFF
WLAN is off
Green
WLAN is up and connected
Green - Blinking
When transmitting or receiving data
LAN Status LEDs
These LAN Status LEDs are labeled 1–4 and correspond to the
numbered ports on the rear of the Router. When a computer is
properly connected to one of the LAN ports on the rear of the
Router, the LED will light. Solid GREEN means a computer or a
network-enabled device is connected. When information is being
sent over the port, the LED blinks rapidly. ORANGE indicates a
10Base-T connection.
OFF
No device is connected
Orange
Ethernet link is up and 10Base-T device
is connected
Orange - Blinking
When 10Base-T device transmitting or
receiving data
Green
Ethernet link is up and 100Base-T device
is connected
Green - Blinking
When 100Base-T device transmitting or
receiving data
6
Knowing your Router
1
Back Panel
2
(9)
3
4
5
6
6.
Ethernet Ports
The Ethernet ports are RJ45, 10/100 auto-negotiation. The ports
are labeled 1 through 4. These ports correspond to the numbered
LEDs on the front of the Router. Connect your network-enabled
computers or any networking devices to one of these ports.
7.
Reset Button
The “Reset” button is used in rare cases when the Router may
function improperly. Resetting the Router will restore the Router’s
normal operation while maintaining the programmed settings. You
can also restore the factory default settings by using the Reset
button. Use the restore option in instances where you may have
forgotten your custom password.
a.
Resetting the Router
Push and hold the Reset button for one second then release
it. When the Power/Ready light becomes solid again, the
reset is complete.
b.
Restoring the Factory Defaults
Press and hold the Reset button for six seconds then
release it. When the Power/Ready light becomes solid again,
the restore is complete.
8.
DSL Line
This port is for connection to your ADSL line. Connect your ADSL
line to this port.
9.
Power Plug
Connect the included 12V DC power supply to this inlet. Using
the wrong type of power adapter may cause damage to
your Router.
7
7
8
9
10
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section
(7) (8)
(6)
Connecting your Router
Positioning your Router
Your wireless connection will be stronger the closer your computer
is to your Router. Typical indoor operating range for your wireless
devices is between 100 and 200 feet. In the same way, your wireless
connection and performance will degrade somewhat as the distance
between your Router connected devices increases. This may or may
not be noticeable to you. As you move farther from your Router,
connection speed may decrease. Factors that can weaken signals
simply by getting in the way of your network’s radio waves are metal
appliances, or obstructions, and walls. Please see “Appendix B:
Important Factors for Placement and Setup” in this User Manual for
more guidelines.
If you have concerns about your network’s performance that might be
related to range or obstruction factors, try moving the computer to
a position between five and 10 feet from the Router, in order to see
if distance is the problem. If difficulties persist even at close range,
please see the Troubleshooting section for solutions.
8
Connecting your Router
1
Connecting your Computers
Power off your computers and networking equipment.
2.
Connect your computer to one of the yellow RJ45 ports on the
rear of the Router labeled “connections to your computers” by
using an Ethernet networking cable (one Ethernet network cable
is supplied).
2
3
4
5
6
7
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section
1.
Connecting your Router
Connecting your ADSL Line
Connection for the Router to the ADSL line varies by country and
region. Typically it involves a microfilter or a microfilter with built-in
splitter to allow simultaneous use of ADSL service and telephone
service on the same telephone line. Please read the following steps
carefully and select appropriate method.
1.
If your telephone service and ADSL service are on the same
telephone line, ADSL microfilters are needed for each telephone
and device, such as answering machine, fax machine, and caller
ID display. Additional splitters may be used to separate telephone
lines for telephone and the Router.
2.
If your telephone service and ADSL service are on the same
telephone line and you are using an ADSL microfilter with built-in
splitter, connect the splitter to the telephone wall jack providing
ADSL service. Then, connect the telephone cord from the ADSL
microfilter RJ11 port generally labeled “DSL” to the gray RJ11
port labeled “DSL line” on the back of your Router. Connect
telephony device to the other port on the ADSL splitter commonly
labeled “Phone”. An additional ADSL microfilter is needed for
another telephone and device on the same line.
10
Connecting your Router
1
2
3
5
6
7
Note: One RJ11 telephone cord is supplied. When inserting an
RJ11 plug, be sure the tab on the plug clicks into position to
ensure that it is properly seated.
3.
4.
If your have a dedicated ADSL service telephone line with an
RJ11 wall jack, simply connect a telephone cord from the wall
jack to the gray RJ11 port labeled “DSL line” on the back of
your Router.
8
9
10
11
If you have an RJ45 wall jack for your ADSL service, connect an
RJ45-to-RJ11 converter to the wall jack. Then connect one end of
a telephone cord to the converter and the other end to the gray
RJ11 port labeled “DSL line” on the back of your Router.
Note: ADSL microfilter may or may not be provided depending on
your country.
11
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section
4
Connecting your Router
Powering Up your Router
1.
Connect the supplied power adapter to the Router power-input
plug labeled “Power”.
Note: For safety and performance reasons, only use the supplied
power adapter to prevent damage to the Router.
2.
After connecting the power adapter and the power source is
turned on, the Router’s power icon
on the front panel should
be on. It might take a few minutes for the Router to fully set up.
3.
Turn on your computers. After your computers boot up, the LAN
status LED
on the front of the Router will be on for each port
to which a wired computer is connected. These lights show
you the connection and activity status. Now you are ready to
configure the Router for ADSL connection.
12
Setting Up your Computers
In order for your computer to properly communicate with your Router, you
will need to change your computer’s “TCP/IP Ethernet” settings to “Obtain
an IP address automatically/Using DHCP”. This is normally the default
setting in most home computers.
You can set up the computer that is connected to the ADSL modem FIRST
using these steps. You can also use these steps to add computers to your
Router after the Router has been set up to connect to the Internet.
Manually Configuring Network Adapters in Windows XP, 2000, or NT
Click “Start”, “Settings”, then “Control Panel”.
2.
Double-click on the “Network and dial-up connections” icon
(Windows 2000) or the “Network” icon (Windows XP).
3.
Right-click on the “Local Area Connection” associated with your
network adapter and select “Properties” from the drop-down menu.
4.
In the “Local Area Connection Properties” window, click “Internet
Protocol (TCP/IP)” and click the “Properties” button. The following
screen will appear:
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
(1)
9
(2)
10
(3)
11
12
5.
If “Use the following IP address” (2) is selected, your Router will need to
be set up for a static IP connection type. Write the address information
the table below. You will need to enter this information into the Router.
6.
If not already selected, select “Obtain an IP address automatically”
(1) and “Obtain DNS server address automatically” (3). Click “OK”.
Your network adapter(s) are now configured for use with the Router.
13
section
1.
1
Setting Up your Computers
Manually Configuring Network Adapters in Windows 98SE or Me
1.
Right-click on “My Network Neighborhood” and select
“Properties” from the drop-down menu.
2.
Select “TCP/IP -> settings” for your installed network adapter.
You will see the following window.
(1)
(3)
(2)
3.
If “Specify an IP address” is selected, your Router will need
to be set up for a static IP connection type. Write the address
information in the table below. You will need to enter this
information into the Router.
4.
Write the IP address and subnet mask from the “IP Address”
tab (3).
5.
Click the “Gateway” tab (2). Write the gateway address down in
the chart.
6.
Click the “DNS Configuration” tab (1). Write the DNS address(es)
in the chart.
7.
If not already selected, select “Obtain an IP address
automatically” on the IP address tab. Click “OK”.
Restart the computer. When the computer restarts, your network
adapter(s) are now configured for use with the Router.
14
Setting Up your Computers
Set up the computer that is connected to the cable or DSL modem
by FIRST using these steps. You can also use these steps to add
computers to your Router after the Router has been set up to connect
to the Internet.
Manually Configuring Network Adapters in Mac OS
up to 9.x
1.
Pull down the Apple menu. Select “Control Panels” and
select “TCP/IP”.
2.
You will see the TCP/IP control panel. Select “Ethernet Built-In”
or “Ethernet” in the “Connect via:” drop-down menu (1).
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
(1)
9
(2)
10
3.
Next to “Configure” (2), if “Manually” is selected, your Router
will need to be set up for a static IP connection type. Write the
address information in the table below. You will need to enter this
information into the Router.
15
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section
In order for your computer to properly communicate with your Router,
you will need to change your Mac computer’s TCP/IP settings to DHCP.
1
Setting Up your Computers
4. If not already set, at “Configure:”, choose “Using DHCP
Server”. This will tell the computer to obtain an IP address
from the Router.
5.
Close the window. If you made any changes, the following
window will appear. Click “Save”.
Restart the computer. When the computer restarts, your network
settings are now configured for use with the Router.
16
Setting Up your Computers
Manually Configuring Network Adapters in Mac OS X
1.
Click on the “System Preferences” icon.
1
2
3
Select “Network” (1) from the “System Preferences” menu.
4
5
6
(1)
7
8
9
3.
Select “Built-in Ethernet” (2) next to “Show” in the
Network menu.
10
11
(2)
12
(3)
(4)
17
section
2.
Setting Up your Computers
4.
Select the “TCP/IP” tab (3). Next to “Configure” (4), you should
see “Manually” or “Using DHCP”. If you do not, check the
PPPoE tab (5) to make sure that “Connect using PPPoE” is NOT
selected. If it is, you will need to configure your Router for a
PPPoE connection type using your user name and password.
5.
If “Manually” is selected, your Router will need to be set up
for a static IP connection type. Write the address information
in the table below. You will need to enter this information into
the Router.
6.
If not already selected, select “Using DHCP” next to “Configure”
(4), then click “Apply Now”.
Your network adapter(s) are now configured for use with the Router.
18
Setting Up your Computers
Recommended Web Browser Settings
In most cases, you will not need to make any changes to your web
browser’s settings. If you are having trouble accessing the Internet or
the advanced web-based user interface, then change your browser’s
settings to the recommended settings in this section.
1
2
3
4
Internet Explorer 4.0 or Higher
6
7
1.
Start your web browser. Select “Tools” then “Internet Options”.
2.
In the “Internet Options” screen, there are three selections:
“Never dial a connection”, “Dial whenever a network connection
is not present”, and “Always dial my default connection”. If you
can make a selection, select “Never dial a connection”. If you
cannot make a selection, go to the next step.
8
9
10
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12
3.
Under the “Internet Options” screen, click on “Connections” and
select “LAN Settings…”.
19
section
5
Setting Up your Computers
4.
Make sure there are no check marks next to any of the displayed
options: “Automatically detect settings”, “Use automatic
configuration script”, and “Use a proxy server”. Click “OK”. Then
click “OK” again in the “Internet Options” page.
Netscape Navigator 4.0 or Higher
1.
Start Netscape. Click on “Edit” then “Preferences”.
2.
In the “Preferences” window, click on “Advanced” then select
“Proxies”. In the “Proxies” window, select “Direct connection to
the Internet”.
20
Configuring your Router with the Setup Wizard
1
Running the Setup Wizard
1.
You can access the web-based management user interface of the
Router using the Internet browser on a computer connected to
the Router. Type “192.168.2.1” (do not type in anything else such
as “http://” or “www”) in your browser’s address bar. Then press
the “Enter” key.
2.
The following screen will appear in your browser to prompt you
to login. The Router ships with no password entered. In the login
screen, leave the password blank and click the “Submit” button
to log in.
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
Note: It is strongly recommended that you change the password
to your own for increased security. Please read the following
section, entitled “Manually Configuring your Router”, for details
on how to change your password and to reference other
security features.
21
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section
Note: It is strongly recommended that you use a computer
physically connected to the Router with an RJ45 cable for initial
setup. Using a wirelessly connected computer for initial setup is
not recommended.
2
Configuring your Router with the Setup Wizard
3.
A Status page will follow showing detail status of your Router.
Next, click on the “Setup Wizard” button for express
configuration (recommended).
4.
Click on the “Setup Wizard” button to start the Router’s Setup
Wizard. The first step is to select the appropriate time zone for
your region. If you are under daylight saving time, check the
“Automatically Adjust Daylight Saving” box.
22
d
Configuring your Router with the Setup Wizard
5.
Next, select your connection type (this information is provided
by your ISP) and click “Next”. For a list of common ISP settings
turn to page 83
1
2
3
4
5
Now enter the required values provided by your ISP. For the
“PPPoE” or “PPPoA” page you will see the following screen.
Enter the required values provided by your ISP and click “Next”.
7
8
9
10
Note: For more detailed instruction on other connection types,
please refer to the “Manually Configuring your Router” section of
this User Manual.
7.
The Router is shipped with default to Annex A specification,
which is implemented by ISPs in most countries. You can click
“Next” to proceed to the next step.
If you are in a country/region where ISPs use Annex B
specification, such as Germany, select Annex B and “Next”.
Check with your ISP if you are not sure.
23
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section
6
6.
Configuring Your Router with the Setup Wizard
8.
Double-check the settings shown on the following screen. You
can click “Back” to change the settings or click “Apply” to
activate your settings.
Note: You can always restart the Setup Wizard or use the
Navigation Menu on the left to change your setting.
24
d
Configuring Your Router with the Setup Wizard
1
Connecting to the Wireless LAN
Now you can connect to the Router via a wireless-LAN-enabled
computer with the following default wireless LAN settings:
Wireless Channel = 11
2
3
4
SSID = belkin54g
Security = off
5
Congratulations! You have finished installing your new Belkin Router.
To test your Internet connection, open your browser and visit any
website, such as www.belkin.com. For advanced features and more
detailed installation and security setup information, see the following
section, “Manually Configuring your Router”.
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Note: Belkin strongly recommends that you enable wireless
security to WEP or WPA and change SSID to something of your
own. Please read the User Manual for details on levels of wireless
security and how to change your security settings.
Manually Configuring your Router
Understanding the Web-Based User Interface
The home page shows you a quick view of the Router’s status and
settings. All advanced setup pages can be reached from this page.
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Quick-Navigation Links
You can go directly to any of the Router’s UI pages by clicking
directly on these links. The links are divided into logical
categories and grouped by tabs to make finding a particular
setting easier to find. Clicking on the header of each tab will
show you a short description of the tab’s function.
2.
Home Button
The “Home” button is available in every page of the UI. Pressing
this button will take you back to the home page.
3.
Help Button
The “Help” button gives you access to the Router’s help pages.
Help is also available on many pages by clicking “more info” next
to certain sections of each page.
4.
Login/Logout Button
This button enables you to log in and out of the Router with the
press of one button. When you are logged into the Router, this
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Manually Configuring your Router
button will change to read “Logout”. Logging into the Router will
take you to a separate login page where you will need to enter a
password. When you are logged into the Router, you can make
changes to the settings. When you are finished making changes,
you can log out of the Router by clicking the “Logout” button.
For more information about logging into the Router, see the
section called “Logging into the Router”.
5.
Internet Status Indicator
6.
LAN Settings
Shows you the settings of the Local Area Network (LAN) side of
the Router. Changes can be made to the settings by clicking the
“LAN” “Quick Navigation” link on the left side of the screen.
7.
Features
Shows the status of the Router’s UPnP, NAT, and firewall
features. Changes can be made to the settings by clicking on any
one of the links or by clicking the “Quick Navigation” links on the
left side of the screen.
8.
Internet Settings
Shows the settings of the Internet/WAN side of the Router that
connects to the Internet. Changes to any of these settings can be
made by clicking on the “Internet/WAN” “Quick Navigation” link
on the left side of the screen.
9.
Version Info
Shows the firmware version, boot-code version, hardware
version, and serial number of the Router.
10. Page Name
The page you are on can be identified by this name. This manual
will sometimes refer to pages by name. For instance, “LAN > LAN
Settings” refers to the “LAN Settings” page.
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This indicator is visible in all pages of the Router, showing
the connection status of the Router. When the indicator says
“connection OK” in GREEN, the Router is connected to the
Internet. When the Router is not connected to the Internet, the
indicator will read “no connection” in RED. The indicator is
automatically updated when you make changes to the settings of
the Router.
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Manually Configuring your Router
Changing LAN Settings
All settings for the internal LAN setup of the Router can be viewed
and changed here.
LAN Settings
Clicking on the header of the LAN tab (1) will take you to the LAN
tab’s header page. A quick description of the functions can be
found here. To view the settings or make changes to any of the LAN
settings, click on “LAN Settings” (2) or to view the list of connected
computers, click on “DHCP Client List” (3).
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Manually Configuring your Router
1.
1
IP Address
The “IP address” is the internal IP address of the Router.
The default IP address is “192.168.2.1”. To access the setup
interface, type this IP address into the address bar of your
browser. This address can be changed if needed. To change
the IP address, type in the new IP address and click “Apply
Changes”. The IP address you choose should be a non-routable
IP. Examples of a non-routable IP are:
192.168.x.x (where x is anything between 0 and 255)
10.x.x.x (where x is anything between 0 and 255)
2.
Subnet Mask
3.
DHCP Server
The DHCP server function makes setting up a network very easy
by assigning IP addresses to each computer on the network
automatically. The default setting is “On”. The DHCP server can
be turned OFF if necessary, however, in order to do so you must
manually set a static IP address for each computer on your network.
To turn off the DHCP server, select “Off” and click “Apply Changes”.
4.
IP Pool
The IP Pool is the range of IP addresses set aside for dynamic
assignment to the computers on your network. The default is
2–100 (99 computers). If you want to change this number, you
can do so by entering a new starting and ending IP address and
clicking on “Apply Changes”. The DHCP server can assign 100 IP
addresses automatically. This means that you cannot specify an
IP address pool larger than 100 computers. For example, starting
at 50 means you have to end at 150 or lower so as not to exceed
the 100-client limit. The starting IP address must be lower in
number than the ending IP address.
5.
Lease Time
Lease time is the length of time the DHCP server will reserve
the IP address for each computer. We recommend that you
leave the lease time set to “Forever”. The default setting is
“Forever”, meaning that any time a computer is assigned an
IP address by the DHCP server, the IP address will not change
for that particular computer. Setting lease times for shorter
intervals, such as one day or one hour, frees IP addresses after
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There is no need to change the subnet mask. This is a unique,
advanced feature of your Belkin Router.
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Manually Configuring your Router
the specified period of time. This also means that a particular
computer’s IP address may change over time. If you have set any
of the other advanced features of the Router, such as DMZ or
client IP filters, these are dependent on the IP address. For this
reason, you will not want the IP address to change.
6.
Local Domain Name
The default setting is “Belkin”. You can set a local domain name
(network name) for your network. There is no need to change this
setting unless you have a specific advanced need to do so. You can
name the network anything you want such as “MY NETWORK”.
DHCP Client List
You can view a list of the computers (known as clients), which are
connected to your network. You are able to view the IP address (1) of
the computer, the host name (2) (if the computer has been assigned
one), and the MAC address (3) of the computer’s Network Interface
Card (NIC). Pressing the “Refresh” (4) button will update the list. If
there have been any changes, the list will be updated.
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Manually Configuring your Router
1
Internet WAN
The “Internet WAN” tab is where you will set up your Router to connect
to your Internet Service Provider. The Router is capable of connecting to
virtually any ADSL Service Provider’s system provided you have correctly
configured the Router’s settings for your ISP’s connection type. Your
connection settings are provided to you by your ISP. To configure the
Router with the settings that your ISP gave you, click “Connection Type”
(1) on the left side of the screen. Select the connection type you use. If
your ISP gave you DNS settings, clicking “DNS” (2) allows you to enter
DNS address entries for ISPs that require specific settings.
When you have finished making settings, the “Internet Status” indicator
will read “Connection OK” if your Router is set up properly.
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Connection Type
From the “Connection Type” page, you can select one of these five
connection types based on the instruction provided by your ISP:
• PPPoE
• PPPoA
• Dynamic IP (1483 Bridged)
• Static IP (IPOA)
• Modem Only (Disable Internet Sharing)
Note: See Appendix C in this User Manual for some common DSL
Internet setting parameters. If you are not sure, please contact your ISP.
Select the type of connection you use by clicking the radio button (1)
next to your connection type and then clicking “Next” (2).
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Setting your ISP Connection Type to PPPoE or PPPoA
PPPoE (Point-to-Point Protocol over Ethernet) is the standard
method of connecting networked devices. It requires a user name and
password to access the network of your ISP for connecting to the
Internet. PPPoA (PPP over ATM) is similar to PPPoE, but is mostly
implemented in the UK. Select PPPoE or PPPoA and click “Next”.
Then enter the information provided by your ISP, and click “Apply
Changes” to activate your settings.
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User Name - Enter the user name. (Assigned by your ISP).
Password - Enter your password. (Assigned by your ISP).
Retype Password - Confirm the password. (Assigned by your ISP).
IP Assigned by ISP - Select “Yes” for automatic IP assignment from
your ISP. Select “No” only if your ISP assigns you a fixed IP address.
5. IP Address - If you are using a fixed IP address, enter the fixed IP
address supplied by your ISP.
6. Subnet Mask - If you are using a fixed IP address, enter the subnet
mask supplied by your ISP.
7. VPI/VCI - Enter your Virtual Path Identifier (VPI) and Virtual Circuit
Identifier (VCI) parameter here. (Assigned by your ISP).
8. Encapsulation - Select your encapsulation type (supplied by your ISP)
to specify how to handle multiple protocols at the ATM transport layer.
VC-MUX: PPPoA Virtual Circuit Multiplexer (null encapsulation) allows
only one protocol running per virtual circuit with fewer overheads.
LLC: PPPoA Logical Link Control allows multiple protocols running over
one virtual circuit (more overhead).
9. Dial on Demand - By selecting “Dial on Demand” your Router will
automatically connect to the Internet when a user opens up a web browser.
10. Idle Time (Minutes) - Enter the maximum idle time for the Internet
connection. After this time has been exceeded, the connection will
be terminated.
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Manually Configuring your Router
Setting your Connection Type to Dynamic IP (1483 Bridged)
This connection method bridges your network and ISP’s network
together. The Router will obtain an IP address automatically from your
ISP’s DHCP server.
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1. IP Assigned by ISP – Obtain IP address automatically from ISP.
2. IP Address – Obtained automatically from your ISP.
3. Subnet Mask - Obtained automatically from your ISP.
4. Default Route - Obtained automatically from your ISP.
5. VPI/VCI - Enter your Virtual Path Identifier (VPI) and Virtual Circuit
Identifier (VCI) parameter here. These identifiers are assigned by your ISP.
6. Encapsulation - Select LLC or VC MUX your ISP uses.
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Manually Configuring your Router
Setting your ISP Connection to Static IP (IPoA)
This connection type is also called “Classical IP over ATM” or “CLIP”,
which your ISP provides a fixed IP for your Router to connect to
the Internet.
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1. IP Address – Enter an IP address assigned by your ISP for the
Router WAN interface.
2. Subnet Mask - Enter a subnet mask assigned by your ISP.
3. Default Route - Enter a default gateway IP address. If the Router
cannot find the destination address within its local network, it will
forward the packets to the default gateway assigned by your ISP.
4. VPI/VCI - Enter your Virtual Path Identifier (VPI) and Virtual Circuit
Identifier (VCI) parameter here. These identifiers are assigned by
your ISP.
5. Encapsulation - Select LLC or VC MUX your ISP uses.
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Setting your Connection Type to Modem Only (Disable
Internet Sharing)
In this mode, the Router simply acts as a bridge passing packets
across the DSL port. It requires additional software to be installed on
your computers in order to access the Internet.
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1. VPI/VCI - Enter your Virtual Path Identifier (VPI) and Virtual Circuit
Identifier (VCI) parameter here. (Assigned by your ISP).
2. Encapsulation - Select LLC or VC MUX. (Assigned by your ISP).
DNS (Domain Name Server) Settings
A “Domain Name Server” is a server located on the Internet that
translates Universal Resource Links (URLs) like “www.belkin.com” to
IP addresses. Many ISPs do not require you to enter this information
into the Router. The “Automatic from ISP” box (1) should be checked
if your ISP did not give you a specific DNS address. If you are using a
static IP connection type, then you may need to enter a specific DNS
address and secondary DNS address for your connection to work
properly. If your connection type is dynamic or PPPoE, it is likely that
you do not have to enter a DNS address. Leave the “Automatic from
ISP” box checked. To enter the DNS address settings, uncheck the
“Automatic from ISP” box and enter your DNS entries in the spaces
provided. Click “Apply Changes” (2) to save the settings.
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Manually Configuring your Router
1
Wireless
The “Wireless” tab lets you make changes to the wireless network
settings. From this tab, you can make changes to the wireless network
name (SSID), operating channel, and encryption security settings.
Channel and SSID
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1. Changing the Wireless Channel
There are a number of operating channels you can choose from.
In the United States, there are 11 channels. In the United Kingdom
and most of Europe, there are 13 channels. In a small number of
other countries, there are other channel requirements. Your Router
is configured to operate on the proper channels for the country you
reside in. The default channel is 11 (unless you are in a country that
does not allow channel 11). The channel can be changed if needed. If
there are other wireless networks operating in your area, your network
should be set to operate on a channel that is different than the other
wireless networks. For best performance, use a channel that is at least
five channels away from the other wireless networks. For instance, if
another network is operating on channel 11, then set your network to
channel 6 or below. To change the channel, select the channel from
the drop-down list. Click “Apply Changes”. The change is immediate.
2. Changing the Wireless Network Name (SSID)
To identify your wireless network, a name called the SSID (Service
Set Identifier) is used. The default SSID of the Router is “belkin54g”.
You can change this to anything you want to or you can leave it
unchanged. If there are other wireless networks operating in your
area, you will want to make sure that your SSID is unique (does not
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Manually Configuring your Router
match that of another wireless network in the area). To change the
SSID, type in the SSID that you want to use in the SSID field (1) and
click “Apply Changes” (2). The change is immediate. If you make a
change to the SSID, your wireless-equipped computers may also need
to be reconfigured to connect to your new network name. Refer to the
documentation of your wireless network adapter for information on
making this change.
3. Using the ESSID Broadcast Feature
For security purposes, you can choose not to broadcast your
network’s SSID. Doing so will keep your network name hidden from
computers that are scanning for the presence of wireless networks.
To turn off the broadcast of the SSID, select “DISABLE” and then
click “Apply Changes”. The change is immediate. Each computer
now needs to be set to connect to your specific SSID; an SSID of
“ANY” will no longer be accepted. Refer to the documentation of your
wireless network adapter for information on making this change.
Note: This advanced feature should be employed by advanced users only.
4. Using the Wireless Mode Switch
Your Router can operate in three different wireless modes: “Mixed”,
“11g Only”, and “11b Only”. The different modes are explained next.
• Mixed - In this mode, the Router is compatible with 802.11b
and 802.11g wireless clients simultaneously. This mode is
the factory default and ensures full compatibility with Wi-Fi ®
compatible devices. Set the Router to Mixed mode if you have a
mix of 802.11b and 802.11g clients in your network. This is the
recommended setting for your Router and should only be changed
if you have a specific reason to do so.
• 11g Only Mode - 11g Only mode is compatible with 802.11g
clients only. This mode can be useful only if you do not have any
802.11b clients that need access to the network. To switch modes,
select the desired mode from the drop-down box next to “Wireless
Mode” then click “Apply Changes”.
• 11b Only Mode - It is not recommended you use this mode
unless you have a very specific reason to do so. This mode exists
only to solve unique problems that may occur with some 802.11b
client adapters and is NOT necessary for interoperability of
802.11g and 802.11b standards.
Note: Switching to 11b Only mode will decrease 802.11g
performance to 11Mbps.
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Manually Configuring your Router
1
5. g Nitro
Enabling “g Nitro” allows the Router to use Frame Bursting to get
the maximum throughput from the Router to 802.11g clients. g Nitro
throughput is up to 50% faster than any standard 802.11g equipment.
g Nitro will work with 802.11g clients that support g Nitro.
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Encryption/Security
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Changing the Wireless Security Settings
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Setting WPA Security
Note: To use WPA security, your clients must be upgraded to
drivers and software that support WPA. At the time this manual was
published, a security patch from Microsoft was available for free
download. This patch works only with Windows XP. You also need to
download the latest driver for your Belkin 802.11g Wireless Notebook
Network Card from the Belkin support site. Other operating systems
are not supported at this time. Only Belkin 802.11g clients support
WPA at this time.
There are two types of WPA security: WPA-PSK (no server) and WPA
(with server). WPA-PSK uses what is known as a pre-shared key as
the security key. A pre-shared key is basically a password that is
between eight and 40 characters long. It can be a combination of
letters, numbers, or characters. Each client uses the same key to
access the network. Typically, this is the mode that will be used in a
home environment.
WPA (with server) is a system where a radius server distributes the keys to
the clients automatically. This is typically found in a business environment.
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Your Router is equipped with the latest security standard called
WPA (Wi-Fi Protected Access). It also supports the legacy security
standard called WEP (Wired Equivalent Privacy). By default, wireless
security is disabled. To enable security, you will need to determine
which standard you want to use. To access the security settings, click
“Security” on the “Wireless” tab.
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Manually Configuring your Router
Setting WPA-PSK (no server)
1.
From the “Security Mode” drop-down menu, select “WPA-PSK
(no server)”.
2.
Enter your pre-shared key. This can be from eight to 40
characters and can be letters, numbers, or symbols. This same
key must be used on all of the clients that you set up.
3.
Click “Apply Changes” to finish. You must now set all clients to
match these settings.
Setting WPA (with server) Settings
If your network uses a radius server to distribute keys to the clients,
use this setting.
1.
From the “Security Mode” drop-down menu, select “WPA
(with server)”.
2.
Enter the IP address of the radius server into the “Radius
Server” fields.
3.
Enter the radius key into the “Radius Key” field.
4.
Enter the key interval. Key interval is how often the keys are
distributed (in packets).
5.
Click “Apply Changes” to finish. You must now set all clients to
match these settings.
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Manually Configuring your Router
1
Setting WEP Encryption
Note to Mac users: The passphrase option will not operate with
Apple ® AirPort ®. To configure encryption for your Mac computer, set the
encryption using the manual method described in the next section.
1.
Select “128-bit WEP” or “64-bit WEP” from the drop-down menu.
2.
After selecting your WEP encryption mode, you can enter your
WEP key manually by typing in the hex WEP key manually, or
you can type in a passphrase in the “Passphrase” field and click
“Generate” to create a WEP key from the passphrase. Click
“Apply Changes” to finish. You must now set all of your clients to
match these settings.
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Encryption in the Router is now set. Each of your computers on
your wireless network will now need to be configured with the
same passphrase. Refer to the documentation of your wireless
network adapter for information on making this change.
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Using a Hexadecimal Key
A hexadecimal key is a mixture of numbers and letters from A–F and
0–9. 64-bit keys are five two-digit numbers. 128-bit keys are 13
two-digit numbers.
For instance:
AF 0F 4B C3 D4 = 64-bit key
C3 03 0F AF 0F 4B B2 C3 D4 4B C3 D4 E7 = 128-bit key
In the boxes below, make up your key by writing in two characters
between A–F and 0–9. You will use this key to program the encryption
settings on your Router and your wireless computers.
Note to Mac users: Original Apple AirPort products support
64-bit encryption only. Apple AirPort 2 products can support 64-bit or
128-bit encryption. Please check your product to see which version
you are using. If you cannot configure your network with 128-bit
encryption, try 64-bit encryption.
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Manually Configuring your Router
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Firewall
Your Router is equipped with a firewall that will protect your network
from a wide array of common hacker attacks including:
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IP Spoofing
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Land Attack
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Ping of Death (PoD)
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Denial of Service (DoS)
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IP with zero length
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Smurf Attack
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TCP Null Scan
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SYN flood
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UDP flooding
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Tear Drop Attack
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ICMP defect
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RIP defect
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Fragment flooding
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The firewall also masks common ports that are frequently used to
attack networks. These ports appear to be “Stealth”, meaning that
essentially they do not exist to a would-be hacker. You can turn the
firewall function off if needed; however, it is recommended that you
leave the firewall enabled. Disabling the firewall protection will not
leave your network completely vulnerable to hacker attacks, but it is
recommended that you leave the firewall enabled.
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Manually Configuring your Router
Application Gateways Settings
Application gateways let you select ports to be open for certain
applications to work properly with the Network Address Translation
(NAT) feature of the Router. A list of popular applications has been
included to choose from. Select your application from the drop-down
list from the bottom of the screen. If your application is not here,
you will need to check with the application vendor to determine
which ports need to be configured. You can manually input this port
information into the Router.
Choosing an Application
Select the row that you want to copy the settings to from the
drop-down list, select the row you want to copy to, and then click
“Copy To”. The settings will be transferred to the row you specified.
Click “Apply Changes” to save the setting for that application.
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Manually Configuring your Router
1
Virtual Servers
Virtual servers allow you to route external (Internet) calls for services such
as a web server (port 80), FTP server (Port 21), or other applications,
through your Router to your internal network. Since your internal
computers are protected by a firewall, machines from the Internet cannot
get to them because they cannot be “seen”. If you need to configure the
virtual server function for a specific application, you will need to contact
the application vendor to find out which port settings you need.
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Entering Settings into the Virtual Server
To enter settings, enter the last digit of your LAN IP address in the
space provided for the internal machine, input the protocol type (TCP
or UDP), and the LAN port and public port number required to pass,
and then select “Enable”, and click “Set”.
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Opening ports in your firewall can pose a security risk. You can
enable and disable settings very quickly. It is recommended that you
disable the settings when you are not using a specific application.
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Client IP Filters
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The Router can be configured to restrict access to the Internet, email, or
other network services at specific days and times. Restriction can be set
for a single computer, a range of computers, or multiple computers.
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Access Control
Access control allows users to define the outgoing traffic permitted or
denied access through the WAN interface. The default is to permit all
outgoing traffic.
To configure restrictive access to your computers, do the following:
1.
Click “Add PC” on the “Access Control” screen.
2.
Define the appropriate settings for client PC services (as shown
on the following screen).
3.
Click “OK” and then click “Apply Changes” to save your settings.
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Manually Configuring your Router
1
URL Blocking
To configure the URL blocking feature, specify the websites
(www.somesite.com) and or keywords you want to filter on your
network. Click “Apply Changes” to activate the change. To complete
this configuration, you will need to create or modify an access rule
in the “Client IP filters” section. To modify an existing rule, click the
“Edit” option next to the rule you want to modify. To create a new rule,
click on the “Add PC” option. From the “Access Control > Add PC”
section, check the option for “WWW with URL Blocking” in the “Client
PC Service” table to filter out the websites and keywords specified.
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Schedule Rule
You may filter Internet access for local clients based on rules. Each
access control rule may be activated at a scheduled time. Define the
schedule on the “Schedule Rule”, and apply the rule on the “Access
Control” page.
Follow these steps to add a schedule:
1.
Click “Add Schedule Rule”.
2.
You will see the following screen.
3.
To configure the schedule rule, specify the name, comment, start
time, and end time that you want to filter on your network.
4.
Click “OK” and then “Apply Changes” to save your settings.
5.
To complete this configuration, you will need to create or modify
an access rule in the Client IP filters section. This activates the
schedule for use in the “Access Control” page.
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MAC Address Filtering
The MAC address filter is a powerful security feature that allows you
to specify which computers are allowed on the network. Any computer
attempting to access the network that is not specified in the filter list
will be denied access. When you enable this feature, you must enter
the MAC address of each client on your network to allow network
access to each, or copy the MAC address by selecting the name of
the computer from the “DHCP Client List”. To enable this feature,
select “Enable”. Next, click “Apply Changes” to save the settings.
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DMZ (Demilitarized Zone)
If you have a client PC that cannot run an Internet application
properly from behind the firewall, you can open the client up to
unrestricted two-way Internet access. This may be necessary if the
NAT feature is causing problems with an application such as a game
or video conferencing application. Use this feature on a temporary
basis. The computer in the DMZ is not protected from hacker
attacks.
To put a computer in the DMZ, enter the last digits of its LAN IP
address in the “Static IP” field and click “Apply Changes” for the
change to take effect. If you are using multiple public (WAN) IP
addresses, it is possible to select which public (WAN) IP address the
DMZ host will be directed to. Type in the public (WAN) IP address
you wish the DMZ host to direct to, enter the last two digits of the IP
address of the DMZ host computer, and click “Apply Changes”.
50
Manually Configuring your Router
1
Utilities
The “Utilities” screen lets you manage different parameters of the
Router and perform certain administrative functions.
2
3
4
5
6
8
9
10
11
12
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7
Manually Configuring your Router
Restart Router
Sometimes it may be necessary to restart or reboot the Router if it
begins working improperly. Restarting or rebooting the Router will
NOT delete any of your configuration settings.
Restarting the Router to Restore Normal Operation
1.
Click the “Restart Router” button.
2.
The following message will appear. Click “OK” to restart your Router.
Restore Factory Defaults
Using this option will restore all of the settings in the Router to the
factory (default) settings. It is recommended that you back up your
settings before you restore all of the defaults.
1.
Click the “Restore Defaults” button.
2.
The following message will appear. Click “OK” to restore factory defaults.
52
Manually Configuring your Router
1
Saving/Backup Current Settings
You can save your current configuration by using this feature. Saving
your configuration will allow you to restore it later if your settings are
lost or changed. It is recommended that you back up your current
configuration before performing a firmware update.
2
3
4
5
1.
Click “Save”. A window called “File Download” will open. Click “Save”.
6
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section
7
Manually Configuring your Router
2.
A window will open that allows you to select the location in
which to save the configuration file. Select a location. There are
no restrictions on the file name, however, be sure to name the file
so you can locate it yourself later. When you have selected the
location and entered the file name, click “Save”.
3.
When the save is complete, you will see the window below.
Click “Close”.
The configuration is now saved.
54
Manually Configuring your Router
1
Restore Previous Settings
This option will allow you to restore a previously saved configuration.
2
3
4
1.
Click “Browse”. A window will open that allows you to select the
location of the configuration file. All configuration files end with
a “.bin”. Locate the configuration file you want to restore and
double-click on it.
5
6
8
9
10
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2.
12
Then, click “Restore”.
55
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7
Manually Configuring your Router
Firmware Update
From time to time, Belkin may release new versions of the Router’s
firmware. Firmware updates contain feature improvements and fixes to
problems that may have existed. When Belkin releases new firmware,
you can download the firmware from the Belkin update website and
update your Router’s firmware to the latest version.
Updating the Router’s Firmware
1.
In the “Firmware Update” page, click “Browse”. A window will open
that allows you to select the location of the firmware update file.
2.
Browse to the firmware file you downloaded. Select the file by
double-clicking on the file name.
3.
Click “Update” to upgrade to the latest firmware version.
56
Manually Configuring your Router
1
System Settings
The “System Settings” page is where you can enter a new
administrator password, set the time zone, enable remote
management, and turn on and off the UPnP function of the Router.
Setting or Changing the Administrator Password
The Router ships with NO password entered. If you wish to add a
password for greater security, you can set a password here. Write
down your password and keep it in a safe place, as you will need it if
you need to log into the Router in the future. It is also recommended
that you set a password if you plan to use the remote management
feature of your Router.
2
3
4
5
6
8
9
10
Changing the Login Time-Out Setting
The login time-out option allows you to set the period of time that
you can be logged into the Router’s advanced setup interface. The
timer starts when there has been no activity. For example, you have
made some changes in the advanced setup interface, then left your
computer alone without clicking “Logout”. Assuming the time-out is
set to 10 minutes, then 10 minutes after you leave, the login session
will expire. You will have to log into the Router again to make any
more changes. The login time-out option is for security purposes and
the default is set to 10 minutes.
Note: Only one computer can be logged into the Router’s advanced
setup interface at one time.
57
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7
Manually Configuring your Router
Setting the Time and Time Zone
The Router keeps time by connecting to a Simple Network Time
Protocol (SNTP) server. This allows the Router to synchronize the
system clock to the global Internet. The synchronized clock in the
Router is used to record the security log and control client filtering.
Select the time zone that you reside in. The system clock may not
update immediately. Allow at least 15 minutes for the Router to
contact the time servers on the Internet and get a response. You
cannot set the clock yourself.
Enabling Remote Management
Before you enable this advanced feature of your Belkin Router, MAKE
SURE YOU HAVE SET THE ADMINISTRATOR PASSWORD. Remote
management allows you to make changes to your Router’s settings
from anywhere on the Internet. There are two methods of remotely
managing the Router. The first is to allow access to the Router from
anywhere on the Internet by selecting “Any IP address can remotely
manage the Router”. By typing in your WAN IP address from any
computer on the Internet, you will be presented with a login screen
where you need to type in the password of your Router. The second
method is to allow a specific IP address only to remotely manage the
Router. This is more secure, but less convenient. To use this method,
enter the IP address you know you will be accessing the Router from
in the space provided and select “Only this IP address can remotely
manage the Router”. Before you enable this function, it is STRONGLY
RECOMMENDED that you set your administrator password. Leaving
the password empty will potentially open your Router to intrusion.
58
Manually Configuring your Router
1
Enabling/Disabling UPnP
2
3
4
5
6
7
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59
section
UPnP (Universal Plug-and-Play) is yet another advanced feature
offered by your Belkin Router. It is a technology that offers seamless
operation of voice messaging, video messaging, games, and other
applications that are UPnP-compliant. Some applications require
the Router’s firewall to be configured in a specific way to operate
properly. This usually requires opening TCP and UDP ports, and in
some instances, setting trigger ports. An application that is UPnPcompliant has the ability to communicate with the Router, basically
“telling” the Router which way it needs the firewall configured. The
Router ships with the UPnP feature disabled. If you are using any
applications that are UPnP-compliant, and wish to take advantage of
the UPnP features, you can enable the UPnP feature. Simply select
“Enable” in the “UPnP Enabling” section of the “Utilities” page. Click
“Apply Changes” to save the change.
Troubleshooting
Problem:
The ADSL LED is not on.
Solution:
1. Check the connection between the Router and ADSL line. Make
sure the cable from the ADSL line is connected to the port on
the Router labeled “DSL Line”.
2. Make sure the Router has power. The Power LED
on the front
panel should be illuminated.
Problem:
The Internet LED is not on.
Solution:
1. Make sure the cable from the ADSL line is connected to the port
on the Router labeled “DSL Line” and the ADSL LED
is on.
2. Make sure you have the correct VPI/VCI, user name, and password
from your ISP provider.
Problem:
My connection type is static IP address. I can’t connect to
the Internet.
Solution:
Since your connection type is static IP address, your ISP must assign
you the IP address, subnet mask, and gateway address. Instead of using
the Wizard, go to “Connection Type”, and then select your connection
type. Click “Next”, select “Static IP”, and enter your IP address, subnet
mask, and default gateway information.
Problem:
I’ve forgotten or lost my password.
Solution:
Press and hold the “Reset” button on the rear panel for at least six
seconds to restore the factory defaults.
60
Troubleshooting
1
Problem:
My wireless PC cannot connect to the Router.
Solution:
1.
Make sure the wireless PC has the same SSID settings as the
Router, and you have the same security settings on the clients
such as WPA or WEP encryption.
2.
Make sure the distance between the Router and wireless PC are
not too far away.
Problem:
The wireless network is often interrupted.
Solution:
Move your wireless PC closer to the Router to find a better signal.
2.
There may also be interference, possibly caused by a microwave
oven or 2.4GHz cordless phones. Change the location of the
Router or use a different wireless channel.
Problem:
I can’t connect to the Internet wirelessly.
Solution:
If you are unable to connect to the Internet from a wireless computer,
please check the following items:
1.
Look at the lights on your Router. If you are using a Belkin Router,
the lights should be as follows:
•
The “Power” light should be on.
•
The “Connected” light should be on, and not blinking.
•
The “WAN” light should be either on or blinking.
2.
Open your wireless utility software by clicking on the icon in
the system tray at the bottom right-hand corner of the screen.
If you’re using a Belkin Wireless Card, the tray icon should look
The icon may be red or green.
like this.
3.
The exact window that opens will vary depending on the model of
wireless card you have; however, any of the utilities should have
a list of “Available Networks”— those wireless networks it can
connect to.
61
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4
5
6
7
8
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10
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section
1.
2
Troubleshooting
Does the name of your wireless network appear in
the results?
Yes, my network name is listed—go to the troubleshooting
solution titled “I can’t connect to the Internet wirelessly, but my
network name is listed”.
No, my network name is not listed—go to the troubleshooting
solution titled “I can’t connect to the Internet wirelessly, and my
network name is not listed”.
Problem:
I can’t connect to the Internet wirelessly, but my network name
is listed.
Solution:
If the name of your network is listed in the “Available Networks” list,
please follow the steps below to connect wirelessly:
1. Click on the correct network name in the “Available
Networks” list.
2. If the network has security (encryption) enabled, you will need to
enter the network key. For more information regarding security,
see the page entitled: “Changing the Wireless Security Settings”.
3. Within a few seconds, the tray icon in the lower left-hand
corner of your screen should turn green, indication a successful
connection to the network.
Problem:
I can’t connect to the Internet wirelessly, and my network name is
not listed.
Solution
If the correct network name is not listed under “Available
Networks” in the wireless utility, please attempt the following
troubleshooting steps:
1. Temporarily move computer, if possible, five to 10 feet from
the Router. Close the wireless utility, and re-open it. If the
62
Troubleshooting
correct network name now appears under “Available Networks”,
you may have a range or interference problem. Please see the
suggestions discussed in Appendix B entitled “Important Factors
for Placement and Setup”.
2. Using a computer that is connected to the Router via a network
1
2
3
cable (as opposed to wirelessly), ensure that “Broadcast SSID” is
enabled. This setting is found on the Router’s wireless “Channel
and SSID” configuration page.
4
If you are still unable to access the Internet after completing
these steps, please contact Belkin Technical Support.
5
6
Problem:
My wireless network performance is inconsistent.
Signal strength is poor.
Difficulty establishing and/or maintaining a Virtual Private Network
(VPN) connection.
Solution:
Wireless technology is radio-based, which means connectivity and
the throughput performance between devices decreases when
the distance between devices increases. Other factors that will
cause signal degradation (metal is generally the worst culprit) are
obstructions such as walls and metal appliances. As a result, the
typical indoor range of your wireless devices will be between 100
to 200 feet. Note also that connection speed may decrease as you
move farther from the Router or Access Point.
In order to determine if wireless issues are related to range, we
suggest temporarily moving the computer, if possible, five to 10 feet
from the Router.
Changing the wireless channel - Depending on local wireless
traffic and interference, switching the wireless channel of your
network can improve performance and reliability. The default
channel the Router is shipped with is channel 11, you may choose
from several other channels depending on your region; see the
section entitled “Changing the Wireless Channel” on page 37 for
instructions on how to choose other channels.
63
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section
Data transfer is sometimes slow.
Troubleshooting
Limiting the wireless transmit rate - Limiting the wireless transmit
rate can help improve the maximum wireless range, and connection
stability. Most wireless cards have the ability to limit the transmission
rate. To change this property, go to the Windows Control Panel,
open “Network Connections” and double-click on your wireless
card’s connection. In the “Properties” dialog, select the “Configure”
button on the “General” tab (Windows 98 users will have to select the
wireless card in the list box and then click “Properties”), then choose
the “Advanced” tab and select the rate property. Wireless client cards
are usually set to automatically adjust the wireless transmit rate for
you, but doing so can cause periodic disconnects when the wireless
signal is too weak; as a rule, slower transmission rates are more
stable. Experiment with different connection rates until you find the
best one for your environment; note that all available transmission
rates should be acceptable for browsing the Internet. For more
assistance, see your wireless card’s user manual.
Problem:
How do I extend the range of my wireless network?
Solution:
Belkin recommends using one of the following products to extend
wireless network coverage throughout large homes or offices:
•
Wireless Access Point: A wireless access point can effectively
double the coverage area of your wireless network. An access
point is typically placed in the area not currently covered by
your wireless router, and connected to the router using either an
Ethernet cable, or through your home’s power lines using two
powerline Ethernet adapters.
•
For 802.11g (54g) wireless networks, Belkin offers a Wireless
Range Extender/Access Point that can be connected wirelessly
to a Belkin 802.11g Wireless Router, without requiring an
Ethernet cable or powerline Ethernet adapters.
These Belkin products are available at your local retailer, or can be
ordered from Belkin directly.
For network/range extension information, please visit: www.belkin.
com/networking to find out more about:
Wireless G Range Extender/Access Point (F5D7130)
Powerline Ethernet Adapter (F5D4070)
Powerline USB Adapter (F5D4050)
64
Troubleshooting
1
Problem:
I am having difficulty setting up Wired Equivalent Privacy (WEP)
security on a Belkin Router or Belkin Access Point.
2
Solution
3
1. Log into your Wireless Router or Access Point.
2. Open your web browser and type in IP address of the Wireless
Router or Access Point. (The Router default is 192.168.2.1, the
802.11g Access Point is 192.168.2.254 ). Log into your Router
by clicking on the “Login” button in the top right-hand corner
of the screen. You will be asked to enter your password. If you
never set a password, leave the password field blank and click
“Submit”.
3. Click the “Wireless” tab on the left of your screen. Select
4. Select “128-bit WEP” from the drop-down menu.
5. After selecting your WEP encryption mode, you can type in
your hex WEP key manually, or you can type in a passphrase
in the “Passphrase” field and click “Generate” to create a WEP
key from the passphrase. Click “Apply Changes” to finish. You
must now set all of your clients to match these settings. A hex
(hexadecimal) key is a mixture of numbers and letters from A-F
and 0-9. For 128-bit WEP, you need to enter 26 hex keys.
For example:
C3 03 0F AF 4B B2 C3 D4 4B C3 D4 E7 E4 = 128-bit key
6. Click “Apply Changes” to finish. Encryption in the Wireless
Router is now set. Each of your computers on your wireless
network will now need to be configured with the same
security settings.
WARNING: If you are configuring the Wireless Router or Access
Point from a computer with a wireless client, you will need to ensure
that security is turned on for this wireless client. If this is not done,
you will lose your wireless connection.
Note to Mac users: Original Apple AirPort ® products support
64-bit encryption only. Apple AirPort 2 products can support
64-bit or 128-bit encryption. Please check your Apple AirPort
product to see which version you are using. If you cannot configure
your network with 128-bit encryption, try 64-bit encryption.
65
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the “Encryption” or “Security” tab to get to the security
settings page.
4
Troubleshooting
Problem:
I am having difficulty setting up Wired Equivalent Privacy (WEP)
security on a Belkin Wireless Card.
Solution:
The Wireless Card must use the same key as the Wireless Router or
Access Point. For instance, if your Wireless Router or Access Point
uses the key 00112233445566778899AABBCC, then the Wireless
Card must be set to the exact same key.
1. Double-click the “Signal Indicator” icon to bring up the Wireless
“Network” screen. The “Advanced” button will allow you to view
and configure more options of your Card.
2. The “Advanced” button will allow you to view and configure
more options of the Card.
3. Once the “Advanced” button is clicked, the Belkin Wireless LAN
Utility will appear. This Utility will allow you to manage all the
advanced features of the Belkin Wireless Card.
4. Under the “Wireless Network Properties” tab, select a
network name from the “Available networks” list and click the
“Properties” button.
5. Under “Data Encryption” select “WEP”.
6. Ensure the check box “The key is provided for me automatically”
at the bottom is unchecked. If you are using this computer to
connect to a corporate network, please consult your network
administrator if this box needs to be checked.
7. Type your WEP key in the “Network key” box.
Important: A WEP key is a mixture of numbers and letters from
A–F and 0–9. For 128-bit WEP, you need to enter 26 keys. This
Network key needs to match the key you assign to your Wireless
Router or Access Point.
For example:
C3 03 0F AF 4B B2 C3 D4 4B C3 D4 E7 E4 = 128-bit key
8. Click “OK”, and then “Apply” to save the settings.
If you are NOT using a Belkin Wireless Card, please consult the
manufacturer for that wireless client card’s user manual.
66
Troubleshooting
1
Problem:
Do Belkin products support WPA?
2
Solution
Note: To use WPA security, all your clients must be upgraded
to drivers and software that support it. At the time of this FAQ
publication, a security patch download is available, for free,
from Microsoft. This patch works only with the Windows XP
operating system.
Download the patch here:
http://www.microsoft.com/downloads/details.
aspx?FamilyID=009d8425-ce2b-47a4-abec-274845dc9e91&displayl
ang=en
Download the latest driver at:
http://web.belkin.com/support/networkingsupport.asp.
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67
section
You also need to download the latest driver for your Belkin Wireless
802.11g Desktop or Notebook Network Card from the Belkin
support site. Other operating systems are not supported at this
time. Microsoft’s patch only supports devices with WPA-enabled
drivers such as Belkin 802.11g products.
3
Troubleshooting
Problem:
I am having difficulty setting up Wi-Fi Protected Access (WPA)
security on a Belkin Wireless Router or Belkin Access Point for a
home network.
Solution:
1. From the “Security Mode” drop-down menu, select “WPA-PSK
(no server)”.
2. For “Encryption Technique”, select “TKIP” or “AES”. This setting
will have to be identical on the clients that you set up.
3. Enter your pre-shared key. This can be from eight to 63
characters and can be letters, numbers, or symbols or spaces.
This same key must be used on all of the clients that you set up.
For example, your PSK might be something like: “Smith family
network key”.
4. Click “Apply Changes” to finish. You must now set all clients to
match these settings.
Problem:
I am having difficulty setting up Wi-Fi Protected Access (WPA)
security on a Belkin Wireless Router or Belkin Access Point for
a business.
Solution:
If your network uses a radius server to distribute keys to the clients,
use this setting. This is typically used in a business environment.
1. From the “Security Mode” drop-down menu, select “WPA
(with server)”.
2. For “Encryption Technique”, select “TKIP” or “AES”. This setting
will have to be identical on the clients that you set up.
3. Enter the IP address of the radius server into the “Radius
Server” fields.
4. Enter the radius key into the “Radius Key” field.
68
Troubleshooting
5. Enter the key interval. Key interval is how often the keys are
distributed (in packets).
6. Click “Apply Changes” to finish. You must now set all clients to
match these settings.
1
2
3
Problem:
I am having difficulty setting up Wi-Fi Protected Access (WPA)
security on a Belkin Wireless Card for a home network.
Solution:
Clients must use the same key that the wireless router or access point
uses. For instance if the key is “Smith Family Network Key” in the wireless
router or access point, the clients must also use that same key.
4
5
6
7
Double-click the “Signal Indicator” icon to bring up the “Wireless
Network” screen. The “Advanced” button will allow you to view
and configure more options of your Card.
2.
The “Advanced” button will allow you to view and configure more
options of the Card.
3.
Once the “Advanced” button is clicked, the Belkin Wireless LAN
Utility will appear. This Utility will allow you to manage all the
advanced features of the Belkin Wireless Card.
10
4.
Under the “Wireless Network Properties” tab, select a network name
from the “Available networks” list and click the “Properties” button.
11
5.
Under “Network Authentication” select “WPA-PSK (no server)”.
6.
Type your WPA key in the “Network key” box.
12
Important: WPA-PSK is a mixture of numbers and letters from
A–Z and 0–9. For WPA-PSK you can enter eight to 63 characters.
This network key needs to match the key you assign to your
wireless router or access point.
7.
Click “OK, then “Apply” to save the settings.
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section
1.
Troubleshooting
Problem:
I am having difficulty setting up Wi-Fi Protected Access (WPA)
security on a Belkin Wireless Card for a business.
Solution:
1.
Double-click the “Signal Indicator” icon to bring up the “Wireless
Network” screen. The “Advanced” button will allow you to view
and configure more options of your Card.
2.
The “Advanced” button will allow you to view and configure more
options of the Card.
3.
Once the “Advanced” button is clicked, the Belkin Wireless LAN
Utility will appear. This Utility will allow you to manage all the
advanced features of the Belkin Wireless Card.
4.
Under the “Wireless Network Properties” tab, select a network
name from the “Available networks” list and click the
“Properties” button.
5.
Under “Network Authentication” select “WPA”.
6.
In the “Authentication” tab, select the settings that are indicated
by your network administrator.
7.
Click “OK, then “Apply” to save the settings.
Problem:
I am having difficulty setting up Wi-Fi Protected Access (WPA) security
and I am NOT using a Belkin Wireless Card for a home network.
Solution:
If you are NOT using a Belkin Wireless Desktop or Wireless
Notebook Network Card and it is not equipped with WPA-enabled
software, a file from Microsoft called “Windows XP Support Patch
for Wireless Protected Access” is available for free download.
Download the patch from Microsoft by searching the knowledge
base for Windows XP WPA.
Note: The file that Microsoft has made available works only with
Windows XP. Other operating systems are not supported at this
time. You also need to ensure that the wireless card manufacturer
supports WPA and that you have downloaded and installed the
latest driver from their support site.
70
Troubleshooting
1
Supported Operating Systems:
2
• Windows XP Professional
• Windows XP Home Edition
3
Enabling WPA-PSK (no server)
1. Under Windows XP, click “Start > Control Panel > Network
Connections”.
2. Right-clicking on the “Wireless Networks” tab will display the
following screen. Ensure the “Use Windows to configure my
wireless network settings” check box is checked.
3. Under the “Wireless Networks” tab, click the “Configure” button,
and you will see the following screen.
4. For a home or small business user, select “WPA-PSK” under
Note: Select WPA (with radius server) if you are using this
computer to connect to a corporate network that supports an
authentication server such as a radius server. Please consult
your network administrator for further information.
5. Select “TKIP” or “AES” under “Date Encryption”. This setting will
have to be identical to the wireless router or access point that
you set up.
6. Type in your encryption key in the “Network Key” box.
Important: Enter your pre-shared key. This can be from eight
to 63 characters and can be letters, numbers, or symbols. This
same key must be used on all of the clients that you set up.
7. Click “OK” to apply settings.
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“Network Administration”.
4
Troubleshooting
What’s the difference between 802.11b, 802.11g, 802.11a, and Pre-N?
Currently there are four levels of wireless networking standards, which
transmit data at very different maximum speeds. Each is based on
the designation 802.11(x), so named by the IEEE, the board that is
responsible for certifying networking standards. The most common
wireless networking standard, 802.11b, transmits information at
11Mbps; 802.11a and 802.11g work at 54Mbps; and Pre-N works
at 108Mbps. Pre-N, the precursor to the upcoming 802.11n release,
promises speeds that exceed 802.11g, and up to twice the wireless
coverage area. See the following chart for more detailed information.
802.11a
Belkin
Pre-N
108Mbps
Common
household
devices such as
cordless phones
and microwave
ovens may
interfere with the
unlicensed band
2.4GHz
Common
household
devices such as
cordless phones 5GHz and microwave uncrowded
band
ovens may
interfere with the
unlicensed
band 2.4GHz
Compatible
with 802.11g
Compatible
with 802.11b
Incompatible
with 802.11b
or 802.11g
Depends on
interference –
typically
100–200 ft.
indoors
Depends on
interference typically
100–200 ft.
indoors
Less interference
8x the
- range is
coverage of
typically
standard 802.11g
50–100 ft.
Mature –
widely adopted
Slow adoption
Expected to
for consumers - Expected to
continue to grow more popular in continue to grow
business
in popularity
in popularity
environments
Adoption
Frequency
54Mbps
Compatibility
54Mbps
Coverage
Speed 11Mbps
802.11g
802.11b
Wireless
Technology
Wireless Comparison Chart
72
Common
household
devices such as
cordless phones
and microwave
ovens may
interfere with the
unlicensed
band 2.4GHz
Compatible with
802.11g
or 802.11b
Technical Support Information
1
Technical Support
For latest software updates or if you have any further questions
regarding installation of this product, please visit
www.belkin.com/networking or contact:
2
Europe:
4
00 800 223 55 460
3
5
6
7
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section
9
Appendixes
Appendix A: Glossary
IP Address
The “IP address” is the internal IP address of the Router. To access
the advanced setup interface, type this IP address into the address
bar of your browser. This address can be changed if needed. To
change the IP address, type in the new IP address and click “Apply
Changes”. The IP address you choose should be a non-routable IP.
Examples of a non-routable IP are:
192.168.x.x (where x is anything between 0 and 255)
10.x.x.x (where x is anything between 0 and 255)
Subnet Mask
Some networks are far too large to allow all traffic to flood all its parts.
These networks must be broken down into smaller, more manageable
sections, called subnets. The subnet mask is the network address plus
the information reserved for identifying the “subnetwork”.
DNS
DNS is an acronym for Domain Name Server. A Domain Name Server
is a server located on the Internet that translates URLs (Universal
Resource Links) like www.belkin.com to IP addresses. Many ISPs
do not require you to enter this information into the Router. If you
are using a static IP connection type, then you may need to enter
a specific DNS address and secondary DNS address for your
connection to work properly. If your connection type is Dynamic or
PPPoE, it is likely that you do not have to enter a DNS address.
PPPoE
Most ADSL providers use PPPoE as the connection type. If you use
an ADSL modem to connect to the Internet, your ISP may use PPPoE
to log you into the service.
Your connection type is PPPoE if:
1.
Your ISP gave you a user name and password which is required
to connect to the Internet.
2.
Your ISP gave you software such as WinPoET or Enternet300 that
you use to connect to the Internet.
74
Appendixes
3.
You have to double-click on a desktop icon other than your
browser to get on the Internet.
To set the Router to use PPPoE, type in your user name and
password in the spaces provided. After you have typed in your
information, click “Apply Changes”.
After you apply the changes, the “Internet Status” indicator will read
“connection OK” if your Router is set up properly.
2
3
4
5
PPPoA
Enter the PPPoA information in the provided spaces, and click “Next”.
Click “Apply” to activate your settings.
1.
1
User name - Enter the user name. (Assigned by your ISP).
2.
Password - Enter your password. (Assigned by your ISP).
3.
Retype Password - Confirm the password. (Assigned by your ISP).
4.
VPI/VCI - Enter your Virtual Path Identifier (VPI) and Virtual Circuit
Identifier (VCI) parameter here. (Assigned by your ISP).
6
7
8
9
This feature is used to automatically disconnect the Router from
your ISP when there is no activity for a specified period of time. For
instance, placing a check mark next to this option and entering “5”
into the minute field will cause the Router to disconnect from the
Internet after five minutes of no Internet activity. This option should
be used if you pay for your Internet service by the minute.
Channel and SSID
To change the channel of operation of the Router, select the desired
channel from the drop-down menu and select your channel. Click
“Apply Changes” to save the setting. You can also change the SSID.
The SSID is the equivalent to the wireless network’s name. You can
make the SSID anything you want to. If there are other wireless
networks in your area, you should give your wireless network a unique
name. Click inside of the SSID box and type in a new name. Click
“Apply Changes” to make the change.
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section
Disconnect after X...
Appendixes
ESSID Broadcast
Many wireless network adapters currently on the market possess
a feature known as site survey. It scans the air for any available
network and allows each computer to automatically select a network
from the survey. This occurs if the computer’s SSID is set to “ANY”.
Your Belkin Router can block this random search for a network. If
you disable the “ESSID Broadcast” feature, the only way a computer
can join your network is by its SSID being set to the specific name of
the network (like WLAN). Be sure that you know your SSID (network
name) before enabling this feature. It is possible to make your
wireless network nearly invisible. By turning off the broadcast of the
SSID, your network will not appear in a site survey. Obviously, turning
off the broadcast feature of the SSID helps increase security.
Encryption
Setting encryption can help keep your network secure. The Router
uses Wired Equivalent Privacy (WEP) encryption to protect your data
and features two rates of encryption: 64-bit and 128-bit. Encryption
works on a system of keys. The key on the computer must match the
key on the Router, and there are two ways to make a key. The easiest
is to let the Router’s software convert a passphrase you’ve created
into a key. The advanced method is to enter the keys manually.
Application Gateways
Application gateways let you specify specific ports to be open for
specific applications to work properly with the Network Address
Translation (NAT) feature of the Router. A list of popular applications
has been included. You can select an application from the popular
choices included in the drop-down list. Your selections will be
programmed into the Router. From the drop-down list, select the row
that you want to copy the settings from, and the row you want to
copy to, and then click “Copy To”. The settings will be transferred
to the row you specified. Click “Apply Changes” to save the setting
for that application. If your application is not here, you will need to
check with the application vendor to determine which ports need to
be configured. You can manually input this port information into the
Router.
76
Appendixes
1
Virtual Servers
This function will allow you to route external (Internet) calls for
services such as a web server (port 80), FTP server (Port 21), or
other applications through your Router to your internal network.
Since your internal computers are protected by a firewall, machines
from the Internet cannot get to them because they cannot be “seen”.
If you need to configure the virtual server function for a specific
application, you will need to contact the application vendor to find
out which port settings you need.
To manually enter settings, enter the IP address in the space
provided for the internal machine, the port type (TCP or UDP), and
the LAN and public port(s) required to pass. Then select “Enable”
and click “Set”. You can only pass one port per internal IP address.
Opening ports in your firewall can pose a security risk. You can
enable and disable settings very quickly. It is recommended that you
disable the settings when you are not using a specific application.
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
Client IP Filters
URL Blocking
To configure the URL blocking feature, specify the websites (www.
somesite.com) and/or keywords you want to filter on your network.
Click “Apply Changes” to activate the change. To complete this
configuration, you will need to create or modify an access rule in the
client IP filters section. To modify an existing rule, click the “Edit”
option next to the rule you want to modify. To create a new rule, click
on the “Add PC” option. From the “Access Control Add PC” section,
check the option for “WWW with URL Blocking” in the “Client PC
Service” table to filter out the websites and keywords specified.
Schedule Rule
To configure the schedule rule, specify the name, comment, start
time, and end time that you want to filter on your network. This page
defines schedule rule names and activates the schedule for use in
the “Access Control” page.
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section
The Router can be configured to restrict access to the Internet,
email, or other network services at specific days and times.
Restriction can be set for a single computer, a range of computers,
or multiple computers.
Appendixes
MAC Address Filtering
The MAC address filter is a powerful security feature that allows you
to specify which computers are allowed on the network. Any computer
attempting to access the network that is not specified in the filter list
will be denied access. When you enable this feature, you must enter
the MAC address of each client on your network to allow network
access to each or copy the MAC address by selecting the name of the
computer from the “DHCP Client List”. To enable this feature, select
“Enable”. Next, click “Apply Changes” to save the settings.
DMZ
If you have a client PC that cannot run an Internet application
properly from behind the firewall, you can open the client up to
unrestricted two-way Internet access. This may be necessary if the
NAT feature is causing problems with an application such as a game
or video conferencing application. Use this feature on a temporary
basis. The computer in the DMZ is not protected from hacker
attacks. To put a computer in the DMZ, enter the last digits of its
LAN IP address in the “Static IP” field and click “Apply Changes” for
the change to take effect.
If you have only one public (WAN) IP address, then you can leave
the public IP to “0.0.0.0”. If you are using multiple public (WAN) IP
addresses, it is possible to select which public (WAN) IP address the
DMZ host will be directed to. Type in the public (WAN) IP address
you wish the DMZ host to direct to, enter the last two digits of the IP
address of the DMZ host computer, and click “Apply Changes”.
Administrator Password
The Router ships with NO password entered. If you wish to add
a password for more security, you can set a password from your
Router’s web-based user interface. Keep your password in a safe
place as you will need this password if you need to log into the
Router in the future. It is STRONGLY RECOMMENDED that you set
a password if you plan to use the remote management feature. The
login time-out option allows you to set the period of time that you can
be logged into the Router’s advanced setup interface. The timer starts
when there has been no activity. For example, you have made some
changes in the advanced setup interface, then left your computer
alone without clicking “Logout”.
78
Appendixes
Assuming the time-out is set to 10 minutes, then 10 minutes after
you leave, the login session will expire. You will have to log into the
Router again to make any more changes. The login time-out option
is for security purposes and the default is set to 10 minutes. Note,
only one computer can be logged into the Router’s advanced setup
interface at a time.
1
2
3
4
Time and Time Zone
The Router keeps time by connecting to a Simple Network Time
Protocol (SNTP) server. This allows the Router to synchronize the
system clock to the global Internet. The synchronized clock in the
Router is used to record the security log and control client filtering.
Select the time zone that you reside in. If you reside in an area that
observes daylight saving time, then place a check mark in the box
next to “Enable Daylight Saving”. The system clock may not update
immediately. Allow at least 15 minutes for the Router to contact the
time servers on the Internet and get a response. You cannot set the
clock yourself.
5
6
7
8
9
Remote Management
UPnP
UPnP (Universal Plug-and-Play) is a technology that offers seamless
operation of voice messaging, video messaging, games, and other
applications that are UPnP-compliant. Some applications require
the Router’s firewall to be configured in a specific way to operate
properly. This usually requires opening TCP and UDP ports and in
some instances setting trigger ports. An application that is
UPnP-compliant has the ability to communicate with the Router,
basically “telling” the Router which way it needs the firewall
configured. The Router ships with the UPnP feature disabled. If
you are using any applications that are UPnP-compliant, and wish
to take advantage of the UPnP features, you can enable the UPnP
feature. Simply select “Enable” in the “UPnP Enabling” section of the
“Utilities” page. Click “Apply Changes” to save the change.
79
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section
Before you enable this function, MAKE SURE YOU HAVE SET THE
ADMINISTRATOR PASSWORD. Remote management allows you to
make changes to your Router’s settings from anywhere on
the Internet.
Appendixes
Appendix B: Important Factors for Placement and Setup
Note: While some of the items listed below can affect network
performance, they will not prohibit your wireless network from
functioning; if you are concerned that your network is not operating
at its maximum effectiveness, this checklist may help.
1.
Wireless Router (or Access Point) Placement
Place your wireless router (or access point), the central
connection point of your network, as close as possible to the
center of your wireless network devices.
To achieve the best wireless network coverage for your “wireless
clients” (i.e., computers enabled by Belkin Wireless Notebook
Network Cards, Wireless Desktop Network Cards, and Wireless
USB Adapters):
• Ensure that your wireless router’s (or access point’s)
networking antennas are parallel to each other, and are
positioned vertically (toward the ceiling). If your wireless
router (or access point) itself is positioned vertically, point the
antennas a much as possible in an upward direction.
• In multistory homes, place the wireless router (or access
point) on a floor that is as close to the center of the home as
possible. This may mean placing the wireless router (or access
point) on an upper floor.
• Try not to place the wireless router (or access point) near a
cordless 2.4GHz phone.
2.
Avoid Obstacles and Interference
Avoid placing your wireless router (or access point) near devices
that may emit radio “noise,” such as microwave ovens. Dense
objects that can inhibit wireless communication include:
• Refrigerators
• Washers and/or dryers
• Metal cabinets
• Large aquariums
• Metallic-based UV tinted windows
80
Appendixes
3.
2
Cordless Phones
3
If the performance of your wireless network is impaired after
attending to the above issues, and you have a cordless phone:
4
• Try moving cordless phones away from wireless routers (or
access points) and your wireless-enabled computers.
5
• Unplug and remove the battery from any cordless phone
that operates on the 2.4GHz band (check manufacturer’s
information). If this fixes the problem, your phone may
be interfering.
6
• If your phone supports channel selection, change the channel
on the phone to the farthest channel from your wireless
network. For example, change the phone to channel 1 and
move your wireless router (or access point) to channel 11. See
your phone’s user manual for detailed instructions.
Choose the “Quietest” Channel for your Wireless Network
In locations where homes or offices are close together, such as
apartment buildings or office complexes, there may be wireless
networks nearby that can conflict with yours.
Use the Site Survey capabilities found in the Wireless LAN Utility
of your wireless adapter to locate any other wireless networks
that are available (see your wireless adapter’s manual), and move
your wireless router (or access point) and computers to a channel
as far away from other networks as possible.
Experiment with more than one of the available channels, in
order to find the clearest connection and avoid interference from
neighboring cordless phones or other wireless devices.
For Belkin wireless networking products, use the detailed Site
Survey and wireless channel information included in your
User Manual.
81
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section
• If necessary, consider switching to a 900MHz or 5GHz
cordless phone.
4.
1
If your wireless signal seems weak in some spots, make sure that
objects such as these are not blocking the signal’s path (between
your computers and wireless router or access point).
Appendixes
These guidelines should allow you to cover the maximum
possible area with your wireless router (or access point). Should
you need to cover an even wider area, we suggest the Belkin
Wireless Range Extender/Access Point.
5. Secure Connections, VPNs, and AOL
Secure connections typically require a user name and password, and
are used where security is important. Secure connections include:
• Virtual Private Network (VPN) connections, often used to
connect remotely to an office network
• The “Bring Your Own Access” program from America Online
(AOL), which lets you use AOL through broadband provided by
another cable or DSL service
• Most online banking websites
• Many commercial websites that require a user name and
password to access your account
Secure connections can be interrupted by a computer’s power
management setting, which causes it to “go to sleep.” The
simplest solution to avoid this is to simply reconnect by rerunning
the VPN or AOL software, or by re-logging into the secure website.
A second alternative is to change your computer’s power
management settings so it does not go to sleep; however, this
may not be appropriate for portable computers. To change your
power management setting under Windows, see the “Power
Options” item in the Control Panel.
If you continue to have difficulty with Secure Connections, VPNs,
and AOL, please review the steps in the previous pages to be
sure you have addressed these issues.
Appendix C: Internet Connection Setting Table
This table provides references to select and configure Internet
connection in setting up your ADSL connection. Many ISPs use
different settings depending on the region and equipment they use.
You may try the setting for the ISPs in your region. If it does not work,
please contact your ISP for your specific setting.
82
Appendixes
Country
Connection
Protocol
VPI/VCI
Encapsulation
ISPs
France
PPPoE
8/35
LLC
Various
2
Germany
PPPoE
1/32
LLC
T-Online,
various
3
Holland
1483
Bridged
0/35
0/32
0/34
LLC
LLC
LLC
BBNed, XS4all
Versatel DHCP
Baby XL,
Tiscali (start/
Surf/ Family/
Live)
Europe
1
4
5
PPPoA
8/48
VC MUX
KPN, Hetnet,
HCCNet,
Tiscali (lite/
Basis/Plus)
Wanadoo
PPPoA
0/32
VC MUX
Versatel PPP,
Zonnet
PPPoE
8/35
LLC
Various
Belgium
PPPoA
8/35
LLC
Belgacom,
Tiscali, Scarlet
Italy
PPPoE or
PPPoA
8/35
VC MUX
TIN
10
Spain
PPPoE or
1483
Bridged
8/32
LLC
Telefonica
11
Sweden
1483
Bridged
3/35
LLC
Telia
UK
PPPoA
0/38
VC MUX
BT, Freeserve,
Tiscali, AOL*
PPPoE or
PPPoA
8/35
LLC
Various
New Zealand PPPoE or
PPPoA
0/100
VC MUX
Various
Singapore
0/100
LLC
SingNet,
Pacific Internet
Australia
PPPoE
*AOL users also need to enter 1400 for MTU.
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Asia
6
Information
FCC Statement
DECLARATION OF CONFORMITY WITH FCC RULES FOR
ELECTROMAGNETIC COMPATIBILITY
We, Belkin Corporation, of 501 West Walnut Street,
Compton, CA 90220, declare under our sole
responsibility that the product,
F5D7632-4
to which this declaration relates,
complies with Part 15 of the FCC Rules. Operation is
subject to the following two conditions: (1) this device
may not cause harmful interference, and (2) this device
must accept any interference received, including
interference that may cause undesired operation.
Caution: Exposure to Radio Frequency Radiation.
The radiated output power of this device is far below the FCC radio frequency
exposure limits. Nevertheless, the device shall be used in such a manner that the
potential for human contact during normal operation
is minimized.
When connecting an external antenna to the device, the antenna shall be placed in
such a manner to minimize the potential for human contact during normal operation.
In order to avoid the possibility of exceeding the FCC radio frequency exposure
limits, human proximity to the antenna shall not be less than 20cm (8 inches) during
normal operation.
Federal Communications Commission Notice
This equipment has been tested and found to comply with the limits for a Class B
digital device, pursuant to Part 15 of the FCC Rules. These limits are designed to
provide reasonable protection against harmful interference in a residential installation.
This equipment generates, uses, and can radiate radio frequency energy. If this
equipment does cause harmful interference to radio or television reception, which
can be determined by turning the equipment off and on, the user is encouraged to
try and correct the interference by one or more of the following measures:
This transmitter must not be co-located or operating in
conjunction with any other antenna or transmitter.
Belkin declared that F5D7632-4 is limited in CH1~11 from 2400
to 2483.5 MHz by specified firmware controlled in USA.
84
Information
•
•
•
•
Reorient or relocate the receiving antenna.
Increase the distance between the equipment and the receiver.
Connect the equipment to an outlet on a circuit different from that
to which the receiver is connected.
Consult the dealer or an experienced radio/TV
technician for help.
Modifications
The FCC requires the user to be notified that any changes or modifications to
this device that are not expressly approved by Belkin Corporation may void
the user’s authority to operate the equipment.
1
2
3
4
5
Canada-Industry Canada (IC)
The wireless radio of this device complies with RSS 139 & RSS 210 Industry
Canada. This Class B digital apparatus complies with Canadian ICES-003.
6
Cet appareil numérique de la classe B conforme á la norme NMB-003 du Canada.
7
Europe-European Union Notice
Radio products with the CE 0682 or CE alert marking
comply with the R&TTE Directive (1995/5/EC) issued by the
Commission of the European Community.
Products with the CE marking comply with the EMC Directive (89/336/EEC)
and the Low Voltage Directive (72/23/EEC) issued by the Commission of the
European Community. Compliance with these directives implies conformity
to the following European Norms (in brackets are the equivalent international
standards).
• EN 55022 (CISPR 22) – Electromagnetic Interference
• EN 55024 (IEC61000-4-2,3,4,5,6,8,11) – Electromagnetic Immunity
• EN 61000-3-2 (IEC610000-3-2) – Power Line Harmonics
• EN 61000-3-3 (IEC610000) – Power Line Flicker
• EN 60950 (IEC60950) – Product Safety
Products that contain the radio transmitter are labeled with CE 0682
or CE alert marking and may also carry the CE logo.
85
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section
Compliance with this directive implies conformity to the following European
Norms (in brackets are the equivalent international standards).
• EN 60950 (IEC60950) – Product Safety
• EN 300 328 Technical requirement for radio equipment
• ETS 300 826 General EMC requirements for radio equipment.
To determine the type of transmitter, check the identification label
on your Belkin product.
8
Information
Belkin Corporation Limited Lifetime Product Warranty
Belkin Corporation warrants this product against defects in materials and
workmanship for its lifetime. If a defect is discovered, Belkin will, at its
option, repair or replace the product at no charge provided it is returned
during the warranty period, with transportation charges prepaid, to the
authorized Belkin dealer from whom you purchased the product. Proof of
purchase may be required.
This warranty does not apply if the product has been damaged by accident,
abuse, misuse, or misapplication; if the product has been modified without
the written permission of Belkin; or if any Belkin serial number has been
removed or defaced.
THE WARRANTY AND REMEDIES SET FORTH ABOVE ARE EXCLUSIVE
IN LIEU OF ALL OTHERS, WHETHER ORAL OR WRITTEN, EXPRESSED
OR IMPLIED. BELKIN SPECIFICALLY DISCLAIMS ANY AND ALL IMPLIED
WARRANTIES, INCLUDING, WITHOUT LIMITATION, WARRANTIES OF
MERCHANTABILITY AND FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE.
No Belkin dealer, agent, or employee is authorized to make any modification,
extension, or addition to this warranty.
BELKIN IS NOT RESPONSIBLE FOR SPECIAL, INCIDENTAL, OR
CONSEQUENTIAL DAMAGES RESULTING FROM ANY BREACH OF
WARRANTY, OR UNDER ANY OTHER LEGAL THEORY, INCLUDING BUT
NOT LIMITED TO, LOST PROFITS, DOWNTIME, GOODWILL, DAMAGE TO
OR REPROGRAMMING OR REPRODUCING ANY PROGRAM OR DATA
STORED IN, OR USED WITH, BELKIN PRODUCTS.
Some states do not allow the exclusion or limitation of incidental or
consequential damages or exclusions of implied warranties, so the above
limitations or exclusions may not apply to you. This warranty gives you
specific legal rights, and you may also have other rights that vary from state
to state.
86
ADSL Modem with
Wireless G Router
Belkin Tech Support
US: 877.736.5771
310.898.1100 ext. 2263
Europe: 00 800 223 55 460
Australia: 1800 235 546
Belkin Ltd.
7 Bowen Crescent, West Gosford
NSW 2250, Australia
+61 (0) 2 4372 8600
+61 (0) 2 4372 8603 fax
Belkin Corporation
501 West Walnut Street
Compton, CA 90220, USA
310.898.1100
310.898.1111 fax
Belkin B.V.
Boeing Avenue 333
1119 PH Schiphol-Rijk, The Netherlands
+31 (0) 20 654 7300
+31 (0) 20 654 7349 fax
Belkin Ltd.
Express Business Park, Shipton Way
Rushden, NN10 6GL, United Kingdom
+44 (0) 1933 35 2000
+44 (0) 1933 31 2000 fax
© 2004 Belkin Corporation. All rights reserved. All trade names are registered trademarks of
respective manufacturers listed. Apple, AirPort, Mac, Mac OS, and AppleTalk are trademarks
of Apple Computer, Inc., registered in the U.S. and other countries.
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