penelope usermanual
penelope
by Aaton
Aaton 35mm motion picture camera 2 & 3 Perf
User’s guide version V1.1
December 2008
Aaton
General overview
Front view.......................................................................................................................p.7
Rear view.......................................................................................................................p.8
Assistant side.................................................................................................................p.9
Assistant side details....................................................................................................p.10
Cameraman side..........................................................................................................p.12
LCD displays................................................................................................................p.13
Top view.......................................................................................................................p.14
1 Getting started
Power the camera on..................................................................................................p.16
Power the video (VHR) on............................................................................................p.16
Power the camera and video off..................................................................................p.16
«Set» key......................................................................................................................p.16
The TEST mode...........................................................................................................p.17
Adjusting the Aatonite (Glow)........................................................................................p.17
Display colors, camera status.....................................................................................p.18
Warning messages.......................................................................................................p.19
Gate position................................................................................................................p.19
Magazine top locking lever...........................................................................................p.19
Magazine footage adjustment......................................................................................p.19
Feet or meters setting....................................................................................................p.20
Magazine footage counter lock.....................................................................................p.20
Video gain (Direct access control panel).......................................................................p.20
2 Camera body
2.1 Lenses..................................................................................................................p.23
Aaton
Table of content
2
The Arri PL lens port.....................................................................................................p.23
The Panavision PV lens port.........................................................................................p.23
Installing the lens..........................................................................................................p.23
2.2 Viewing system
Viewfinder options........................................................................................................p.24
Attaching the extension eyepiece.................................................................................p.24
Viewfinder tension adjustment......................................................................................p.25
Adjusting the viewing horizon.......................................................................................p.26
Adjusting the diopter.....................................................................................................p.26
The eyepiece shutter....................................................................................................p.26
Viewing screen.............................................................................................................p.26
Changing the viewing screen........................................................................................p.27
Adjusting the viewing screen........................................................................................p.27
2.3 The variable shutter
Concept.......................................................................................................................p.28
Adjusting the shutter.....................................................................................................p.28
2.4 Film gate and pulldown claw
Adjusting the pitch........................................................................................................p.30
The side pressure bar...................................................................................................p.30
The film gate................................................................................................................p.30
2.5 Camera power
Installing the batteries on the camera...........................................................................p.31
Charging the batteries..................................................................................................p.32
Other power options....................................................................................................p.32
Aaton
Table of content
3
2.6 Motors
Camera speeds............................................................................................................p.33
Using external speed devices.......................................................................................p.34
2.7 LCD control panel and «Jog» wheel, assistant side
The Aaton «Jog» wheel................................................................................................p.34
Basics : «Sync», «Var», «Iso», «Mag»............................................................................p.35
Aatoncode (Timecode) reading....................................................................................p.35
ISO setting...................................................................................................................p.36
Camera preset (SYNC) speed......................................................................................p.36
Camera variable (VAR) speed.......................................................................................p.37
Adjusting the battery warning levels.............................................................................p.37
Low battery alerts........................................................................................................p.38
LCDs contrast adjustment............................................................................................p.39
Lemo 2 connector modes............................................................................................p.39
2.8 Accessible settings on the cameraman side......................................................p.40
3 The magazine
3.1 Concept................................................................................................................p.43
3.2 Pressure plates system
The gate plate..............................................................................................................p.43
The picture plate..........................................................................................................p.43
Aaton
Table of content
4
3.3 Loading.................................................................................................................p.44
Loading in the dark......................................................................................................p.45
Installing the magazine.................................................................................................p.49
Removing the magazine...............................................................................................p.49
4 The video assist (VHR)
4.1 Video Menu..........................................................................................................p.51
Gain, Output, Color temp, Saturation, Color Bars outputing, User color Temp...............p.52
4.2 Frame Menu.........................................................................................................p.53
4.3 Logo......................................................................................................................p.54
4.4 Technical Menu....................................................................................................p.55
TimeCode menu..........................................................................................................p.55
Font Menu...................................................................................................................p.55
Auto Power Off............................................................................................................p.56
VITC Position...............................................................................................................p.56
Time & Cam position....................................................................................................p.56
5 Technical specifications
Connectors..................................................................................................................p.58
Viewing screens list......................................................................................................p.60
Aaton
Table of content
5
General overview
1
2
10
3
4
5
9
8
7
6
Front view
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
Aaton
Short eyepiece
Horizon setting knob
Friction adjusting ring
Fischer-2 connector
PL mount locking ring
LEMO 2 connector
Arri rosette
Video (VHR) iris ring
Video housing
Top rod holder
--------To adjust the image horizon
To adjust the tension of the eyepiece swivel
Eyepiece heating cable connector
Lock ring for 35mm PL mounted lenses
Start/Stop cable connector
For accessories equipped with Arri rosette
To adjust the video iris aperture
Protects the CCD unit
To install a rod (15-15,8 or 19mm)
General overview
7
9
1
2
8
3
7
4
5
6
Rear view
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
Aaton
Upper battery locking screw
LEMO 6 connectors
USB connector
LEMO 8 connector
A4
Magazine release lever
LEMO 5 connector
Gate
On/Off button
Magazine upper top lever
Fastens the upper on-board battery
Provide 12V, Start and ground for accessories
Used to connect USB key
Provides 12V, Start, Sync pulse and ground for accessories
Used to release the magazine from the camera body
Timecode communication
Removable gate, 2-Perf or 3-Perf
Used to start and stop the camera
Used to secure the magazine on the camera body
General overview
8
1
12 11 10 9 8
Assistant side
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
Aaton
2 3
Upper battery locking screw
Start/Stop button
Fischer-4 connectors
Jog wheel
Pitch control
Video (VHR) iris ring
BNC connectors
Magazine release lever
LEMO 8 connector
Ethernet cable locking lever
Lower battery locking screw
LEMO 6 connectors
4
7
6
5
Fastens the upper on-board battery
To start and stop the camera
Provide power and composite video signal for MiniMonitors
Quick camera parameters settings
Accurate claw pulldown stroke adjustment
To adjust the video iris aperture
Provide video output
To remove the magazine from the camera body
Provides 12V, Start, Sync pulse and ground for accessories
To lock the Ethernet cable when connected
Fastens the lower on-board battery
Provide 12V, Start and ground for accessories
General overview
9
1
12
2
11
3
10
4
9
8
5
7
6
Assistant side details
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
Aaton
Fischer-4 connectors
Jog wheel
LCD screen
Setting keys
Ethernet connector
BNC connectors
LEMO-8 connector
Lower battery
locking screw
A4
Ethernet cable locking lever
LEMO-6 connectors
Start/Stop button
Upper battery locking screw
Provide power and composite video signal for MiniMonitors
Quick camera parameters settings
Displays camera and video parameters
Allows access to camera and video adjustments
For camera and computer communication (under cover)
Provide video output
Provides 12V, Start, Sync pulse and ground for accessories
Fastens the lower on-board battery
To lock the Ethernet cable when connected
Provide 12V, Start and ground for accessories
To start and stop the camera
Fastens the upper on-board battery
General overview
10
1
4
2
3
5
6
11
7
12
8
13
9
14
10
15
Assistant side details
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
Aaton
«up» key
«left» key
«down» key
«right» key
«exit» key
«set» key
«vid» key
«sto» key
«tc» key
«on-off» key
«tech» key
«sync» key
«var» key
«iso» key
«mag» key
To scroll through the setup menu and direct access to video Gain Control
To position video inserted characters and setup inserted frame lines
To scroll through the setup menu and direct access to video Gain Control
To position video inserted characters and setup inserted frame lines
To exit setup menu
To select functions
To access the video setup menu (displayed on monitor) («set» + «vid»)
To access the frame store and image comparison function
To access the TimeCode menu
To turn off and on both camera and video
To access the camera technical menu
To access synch speeds setting («set» + «sync»)
To access variable speeds setting («set» + «var»)
To access ISO setting («set» + «iso»)
To access magazine footage setting («set» + «mag»)
General overview
11
1
2
3
9
4
8
7
6
5
operator side
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
Aaton
Magazine door locking lever
Magazine footage counter
Magazine door locking lever
Loop adjustment lever
Lower display key
Cameraman LCD display
Middle display key
Upper display key
Start/Stop button
To lock/unlock magazine door
To check magazine remaining footage
To lock/unlock magazine door
Loop size adjustment (while loading the mag)
To modify camera parameters
Displays camera speed and magazine remaining footage
To modify camera parameters
To modify camera parameters
To start or stop the camera
General overview
12
LCD display - Assistant side
LCD display - Cameraman side
1
2
10
9
8
7
6
5
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
Aaton
1
2
3
3
4
L (mag upper lever) and G (gate) signs
Selected speed
Magazine remaining footage
Remaining time (minutes and secondes)
Time Code
ISO selection
Video tap white balance
Video gain
Lower battery level
Upper battery level
Symbols blink - error (magazine upper lock or gate)
Selected speed mode (Synch or Variable)
Footage in feet or meters
Magazine remaining running time
Hour/minute/seconde - (J) shows an external TC jam
Selected ISO exposure for Timecode
5600°K, 3200°K and manual adjustment
Current gain setting
Lower battery voltage
Upper battery voltage
General overview
13
1
7
2
3
4
6
5
Top view
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
Aaton
3/8 inserts
«Sh» tool
«Pitch» tool
Magazine upper lock lever
Collimation cap
Viewing friction screw
Tape hook
To install accessories, brackets....
Variable shutter tool
Pitch control tool
To secure the magazine on the camera body
To access ground glass collimation adjustment
To adjust the viewfinder friction
To attach a measurement tape
General overview
14
1
Getting started
Power up the camera
To turn ON the camera, press the «On/Off» key.
Power up the video (VHR)
To turn ON the video, press the «Set» key and then the «On/Off» key.
Power down the camera and video
Press the «On/Off» key. A window appears on the LCD screen. Hold the
«On/Off» key. Two bargraph timers start counting down, faster for the Video
and slower for the Camera. This allows you to power down the Video without
powering down the camera.
The «Set» key
The «Set» key allows you to access the camera’s settings. While pressing the
«Set» key, a window appears for a few seconds allowing you to access the
desired parameters.
Aaton
Getting started
16
TEST mode
TEST mode allows you to open the shutter and keep it protected inside the
camera body. This mode is used to check the gate cleanliness and to find the
image while doing a steadiness test (which allows you to find the correct film
position for the second exposure).
To access TEST mode, press the «Start/Stop» button (A) - located on the
assistant side of the camera - and hold it pressed for 3 to 4 seconds. When
the shutter opens, you can release the button. If you need to inch the camera
frame by frame, press the middle display key (B) located on the cameraman
side. When you need to leave the TEST mode, press the «Start/Stop» button
again for 3 to 4 seconds.
A
Adjusting the Aatonite (glow)
Penelope features a viewing screen with illuminated markings referred to as
Aatonite. The level of illumination is user adjustable using the «middle» (B) and
«upper» (C) display keys located on the cameraman side. The configuration of
illuminated markings will differ slightly from one screen to another. Refer to the
screen illustration of the ground glasses list, for a specific description of each
screen type, along with its corresponding Aatonite markings.
C
B
Note : the illumination level can also be adjusted while the camera is running.
A4
Aaton
Getting started
17
Display colors, camera status
The camera shows its status by modifying both LCD screen’s color. This function allows the cameraman and camera crew to be immediatly informed of the
camera’s status.
Pale blue screen
-> camera is in STANDBY mode.
Orange screen
-> camera is in RUN mode, but has not reached the selected speed.
Green screen
-> camera is in RUN mode and sync.
Purple screen
-> end of film
Red screen
-> problem detected (out of phase, film jam...)
Aaton
Getting started
18
Warning messages
Penelope LCD screens display a warning when a crucial parameter has a
problem.
Gate position (Gate)
The camera gate is removable for an easy 2 to 3 Perf format switching. The
correct positionning of the gate is mandatory for proper camera functioning
and focused pictures. The camera gate holder is equipped with 4 sensors to
check the gate position. If it is not properly positioned, the camera displays the
message «GATE MISPLACED» and refuses to start. Remove the gate and
reinstall it.
Magazine upper lock lever
The magazine top locking lever, located on top of the camera body, insures
the magazine’s proper positioning. It is equipped with a position sensor which
does not allow the camera to start if this lever is unlocked. If it is , the message
«MAG NOT LOCKED» is displayed. Lock the lever and start the camera.
Magazine footage adjustment
Press the «Set» key, then the «Mag» key to access the MAG menu. If a full
400ft roll has been loaded, adjust the footage to 400ft (122m) by pressing the
«up» or «down» key. If you load a short end in the amgazine, check the length
with the magazine footage counter and enter the same value into the MAG
menu (assistant or cameraman screen and keys can be used).
Aaton
Getting started
19
Feet or meter setting
While in the Mag menu, press the «left» or «right» key to select the desired
measuring unit.
A
B
C
A
D
E
F
G
H
4
4
Magazine footage counter lock
3
3
2
Lock the magazine footage counter (A - located on the mag door) while the
camera is running.
2
Video gain (Direct access control panel)
1
1
All of the video adjustments are accessible through the VIDEO page. The video
gain can also be adjusted through the control panel. Press the “up” or “down”
key to change the video gain. The adjustment range is -10dB to +12dB, in
1dB steps.
H
G
B
A
A4
Aaton
Getting started
20
Aaton
Getting started
21
2
Camera body
2.1 Lenses
The Arri PL lens port
The Arri PL lens port is the standard mounting system delivered with Penelope
and allows the use of all 35mm Arri PL mounted motion picture lenses. This
lens port is ideal for rental facilities, where a mounting system compatible with
other 35mm cameras is often requested.
The Panavision PV lens port
The PV lens port is the standard mounting system for the Panavision cameras.
This lens port can easily be installed in the Penelope lens holder.
Installing the lens
To install the lens on the camera body, turn the outer locking ring counterclockwise. If the port cap is on, remove it. Align the four protruding flanges on
the lens with the four corresponding cutaways in the locking ring and insert the
lens into the camera port so that its flanges rest evenly against the lens seat.
Tighten the locking ring by turning it clockwise until the lens is secured and the
locking ring is set firmly. Make sure the locking ring is tight enough so that it
cannot be inadvertantly unlocked.
Aaton
Camera body
Flange focal distance.
Refers to the critical distance from the
lens seat to the film plane. With the PL
port, the precise FFD of Penelope is
52mm -30 to -40 microns as measured with a depth gauge in the lens port.
With the PV port, the FFD is 57.15mm
-60 to -70 microns
It is recommended that these tolerances be checked and maintained by a
qualified technician. The combination
of FFD and back focus distance of a
lens directly affect the precise focus
(and resulting image sharpness). Make
sure these critical measurements are
strictly upheld. When using an unfamiliar lens for the first time, check that
the eye focus matches the tapemeasured focus marks on the lens,
and/or shoot a focus test.
23
2.2 Viewing System
Viewfinder options
Penelope viewfinder is designed to be fully orientable, providing left or right
side viewing and upright image in any position. The viewfinder is equipped with
a standard short eyepiece that can be used for handheld and tripod-mounted
operation. For more comfortable tripod and studio applications, an finder
extension (280 mm) can be fitted between the finder arm and the short eyepiece.
Both short and long extension finders can be equipped with a heating system.
This heating system uses a cable which supplies power through the Fisher 2
socket, located on the camera front body, near the lens mount.
Note: the Penelope viewfinder is equipped with a mini Arri PL port which
makes it compatible with a wide range of Arri viewfinder accessories.
Attaching the finder extension
In order to use an extension finder, first remove the eyepiece by rotating the
eyepiece locking ring (A) clockwise until it reaches its stop and gently pull the
eyepiece. To install the finder extension, align its four protruding flanges with
the four corresponding cutaways in the viewfinder locking ring and insert it into
the viewfinder port so that its flanges rest evenly against the lens seat. Tighten
the locking ring by turning it counter-clockwise until the extension finder is
secured in place and the locking ring is firmly set. Re-install the eyepiece.
A
Aaton
Camera body
24
Viewfinder tension adjustment
The screw (B) at the base of the viewfinder, allows you to modify the viewfinder
left/right lateral friction. Turn counter-clockwise to increase the friction. Turning
this screw until it reaches its stop locks the viewfinder left/right movement.
The friction adjusting knurled screw (C), located on the front of the viewfinder,
can be used to adjust the tension of the eyepiece swivel, depending on the
operator’s preference and on the type of viewfinder being used. When using
the standard eyepiece, tension should be relatively light to allow for movement
with a moderate amount of pressure. When using a finder extension, tension
should be increased to support the additional weight.
B
To adjust the tension of the swivel, rotate the knurled screw (C). To increase the
tension of the eyepiece swivel, rotate the knurled screw clockwise; to decrease
the tension, rotate the knurled screw counter-clockwise.
Adjusting the viewing horizon
If the rotation of the image seen through the camera’s viewfinder does not
exactly match what is seen with the naked eye, there is a fine adjustment that
can be made to the image’s relative horizon. Locate the knurled knob (D) located on the top of the viewfinder. While looking through the viewfinder, turn the
knob in order to adjust the image upright position. Note that the knob needs
to be turned 180° when installing an eyepiece extension.
Aaton
Camera body
C
D
25
Adjusting the diopter
Before shooting, the diopter setting of the viewfinder should be adjusted to the
operator’s eye. To set the diopter, locate the diopter set ring (E) located on the
short eyepiece.
Look through the viewfinder while rotating the diopter set ring until the edge of
the cross-hair is in sharp focus. It is recommended that, for easiest setting, this
adjustment be performed with the port cover off and no lens on the camera.
Note that the diopter set ring is engraved with numbers and dots. Use them to
quickly recall your particular setting when more than one person will be looking
through the viewfinder.
The eyepiece shutter
To prevent light leakage through the viewfinder, the eyepiece shutter must be
closed any time the camera is running film and the operator’s eye is away from
the viewfinder.
Locate the small silver lever located on the eyecup ring (F). To close or open
the eyepiece shutter, push this lever.
F
E
Viewing screen
Penelope utilizes an interchangeable viewing screen (or “ground-glass”) system which allows the cinematographer to install the screen which best suits his
particular application. Aaton offers several viewing screens for 2-Perf and
3-Perf formats (see section Viewing Screens in the Technical Specifications
chapter).
Aaton
Camera body
26
Changing the viewing screen
The viewing screen is designed to be easily removed by the user for the purposes of changing or cleaning. To remove the screen, first remove the port cap.
Remove the battery (s) and clear the mirror shutter so that it is positioned safely
inside the body by rotating at the base of the shutter with your finger. Look into
the port and locate the screen directly above the aperture opening. To operate,
use a piece of Post-it, that will take the viewing screen without dirtying it. Put
the Post-it on your forefinger, the sticking part of it facing up. Smoothly put
your finger on the viewing screen, and remove it.
To reinstall the screen, look into the port and locate the right and left lip of the
viewing screen holder. Gently push the screen straight into the holder, aligning
the two white marks of both holder and screen. Proceed as before, with a
piece of Post-it on your finger.
G
screen
Post -it
Adjusting the viewing screen
The image focus on the viewing screen (or “ground-glass”) should match the
lens barrel focus mark and the focus on the film. Before adjusting the viewing
screen, be certain that the flange focal distance of the camera is set according
to the manufacturer specifications
To proceed, you must first unscrew and remove the circular cap (H) located on
the upper side of the camera body. Inside the access hole, locate the screen
holder that you can move by turning its Allen screw (Allen key 2mm). Set your
focusing chart at a measured distance. Set the focus mark of the lens at the
exact same distance ( Adjust the diopter ! ). You can now focus the groundglass, moving the holder up or down by turning the Allen key. Double check
the focus of the viewing screen using the focus ring of the lens. If the image is
still not sharp, perform this operation again.
Aaton
Camera body
H
27
2.3 The variable shutter
Concept
The reflex mirror shutter is designed to block the optical path from the lens to
the viewfinder while the claw movement moves the film to the next frame.
The shutter features a four-position user-adjustable opening
s3TANDARDªFORFILMING
under 50Hz HMI lighting at 25 fps w/o flicker
under 60Hz HMI lighting at 24 fps w/o flicker
sªFORFILMING
under 50Hz HMI lighting at 24 fps w/o flicker
sªFORFILMING
under 60Hz HMI lighting at 25 fps w/o flicker
sªFORFILMING
to minimize the roll bar while filming NTSC broadcast
monitor at 24 fps
Adjusting the shutter
Warning : always Remove the
Battery (s)
Each time you need to go inside
the camera body, you must first
remove the battery. If, by mistake,
the camera starts running while
you finger is rotating the mirror
shutter, the mechanism of the
camera body could be seriously
damaged.
To adjust the shutter opening, unscrew the shutter tool marked “Sh” located in
the hollow at the rear of the camera’s carrying handle. Make sure that the battery is off the camera and remove the port cap.
Locate the tool guiding hole to the lower right of the inside lens holder. Gently
rotate the shutter at its base with your finger until the brass driving gear is
centered underneath the tool guiding hole.
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Insert the shutter tool through the guiding hole and into the brass gear. Rotate the tool until the appropriate notched shutter setting is reached ; turning
counter-clockwise will reduce the shutter opening, turning clockwise will
increase the opening.
When setting the opening to 172.8°, 150° or 144°, a shutter blade indicating
these settings will be visible from behind the left edge of the mirror. Make
sure the white line to the immediate right of the 172.8°, 150° and 144°
markings meet the left edge of the mirror.
When the adjustment is complete, remove the tool and store it back in the
hollow of the carrying handle.
Aaton
Camera body
Brass driving gear
Tool guiding hole
29
2.4 Film gate and pulldown claw
Adjusting the pitch
To adjust the pitch, use the «Pitch» tool located at the rear of the camera
carrying handle.
First remove the pitch protector cap (A), located on the assistant side of the
camera body, near the «pitch» engraving. Insert the tool inside the opening.
You will feel a screw that you will turn counter-clockwise until it stops. The
length of the pulldown is now at its maximum.
Put the loaded magazine on the camera, and keeping the tool in position, inch
and run the camera. The camera will run with a clicking noise, due to the perf
being hit by the claw. Turn the tool clockwise until you reach a more pleasant
noise, like a loud purring. Once you reach the proper setting, it is recommended to turn the tool counter-clockwise, approximately 20º, to accomodate any
variation of the film pitch that occures between different film stocks or under
humid or hotweather conditions. While doing this adjustment, use the film
stock you are most likely to use.
A
pitch
The side pressure bar
The film gate also features a side pressure bar which is recessed into the clawside rail at the point of image exposure to insure maximum lateral stability.
The film gate
B
Penelope has 2-Perf and 3-Perf capabilities.
Aaton
Camera body
A4
30
2.5 Camera power
Penelope only requires a 12 VDC power source. One standard Aaton
onboard (12V, 3.5 Ah, rechargeable, NiMh) will power the camera, CCD and
accessories which are connected to the body’s accessory inputs (such as
zoom controls, speed controls, etc.) through a standard 4-pin XLR connector. Nevertheless, Aaton suggests using two batteries in parallel if you need
to power external accessories.
Installing the batteries on the camera
The batteries fit at the rear of the camera body, on the assistant side. In order
to install, loosen the blue knurled screw (A) approximately four or five turns.
Push the batteries evenly onto the XLR connectors of the camera body.
When snug, tighten the knurled screws onto the battery tabs to hold each in
place.
A
When running Aatoncode (timecode), think about having a fresh battery on
hand. Even a low battery (below 10V) has enough voltage to keep accurate
timekeeping.
Thanks to a super capacitor, built into the camera electronic, you will have
approximately 10 mins to change the battery before time is lost. After replacing the batteries, confirm that time is still counting by checking the control
panel.
A
A4
Aaton
Camera body
31
Charging the batteries
The Aaton battery can be recharged with an appropriate 12V NIMH battery
charger. For the best results, use a microprocessor-controlled charger or a
standard trickle charger with a charging output of at least 200mA, both of
which prevent overheating and mistreating your NiMH cells. Always follow the
specific guidelines of the charger manufacturer. You can use the Aaton CHA-3,
designed to charge two standard batteries in 6 hours, without any risk.
Beware of older chargers manufactured when 1.2 and 1.4Ah batteries were
the norm; these chargers were most likely rated for the lower amperage batteries of that time and will consistently undercharge the higher rated NIMH cells
of today.
Other power options
Since Penelope power inputs are the standard 4-pin XLR type, a great variety
of 12 to 14 VDC sources can be used to power the camera. This includes AC
power supplies, battery blocks, Lithium cells and car batteries.
Get into the habit of carrying a standard XLR-4 powercable in your package in
case an alternative power source is required.
Regarding AC power supplies, it is recommended that the unit you use be at
least 5A and 60W. Before connecting any non-standard source, always make
sure that the pin configuration of the unit is correct. See the Technical Specifications chapter for wiring details.
Aaton
Camera body
32
Motors
Penelope is equipped with three independant motors: one runs the claw
mechanism, one runs the magazine, one runs the shutter. These tri-phased
motors consume less power and provide improved stability at high speed.
Penelope is capable of speeds between 1 and 50 fps with a standard 12V
battery.
Camera speeds
Penelope provides both preset crystal speeds (SYNC mode) and specific crystal speeds (VAR mode) in .001 increments, all accessible from the LCD control
panel.
Available preset speeds are : 6, 12, 18, 20, 23.98, 24, 25, 29.97, 30, 33.33,
36, 40, 48 and 50 fps. The «sync» key allows for quick access to these frequently used speeds.
If any other speed is desired, or if the camera speed must match the frequency of a monitor to eliminate a rolling bar, the «var» key should be employed.
The specific speed selector enables the body to run at any speed between 1
and 50 in .001 frame steps. A phase adjustment of the variable speed is
accessible from the VAR selector and jog wheel.
The camera speed can also be adjusted while the camera is running in either
sync or variable mode. For more information on these speed functions, refer to
section LCD Control Panel and Jog of this chapter.
Aaton
Camera body
33
Using external speed devices
Penelope can be driven externally from devices such as film/video synchronizers, speed aperture computers and external speed controls. In these situations, the camera «var» selector must be set to EXT mode. If such a device is
connected and the selector is not set to EXT, the camera will run at the speed
indicated on the display.
Keep in mind that, with certain manufacturer’s speed controls, it may be possible to run the camera at speeds higher than the 50 fps factory limitation.
Overcranking in such a way, however, will increase mechanism wear, increase
noise and compromise image registration. Aaton urges to avoid such usage at
all cost and will not be responsible for the resulting damages that will occur.
This top speed cap of 50 fps has been designated by Aaton because it is the
limit at which the camera can run safely without any adverse effects to its
mechanics.
2.7 LCD control panel and «jog» wheel, assistant side
Penelope utilizes a straightforward and intuitive control panel structure in
conjunction with a small jog wheel to access and adjust all operator functions.
A
The Aaton «jog» wheel (A)
Located to the immediate left of the LCD screen the «jog» is a small wheel
designed to simplify many user functions. The «jog» allows quick adjustment of
some of the otherwise time-consuming parameters (such as the setting of a
precise 5-digit speed or a film short end).
Aaton
Camera body
A4
34
Basics : «sync», «var», «iso», «mag»
The control panel operates in two modes :
sINDEFAULTMODETHESTANDARDMODETHE,#$SCREENSHOWSTHE
camera main adjustments
sTHESET mode allows camera settings. Press the «set» key, then go
to the appropriate function. Information is changed by either toggling the «up»
and «down» keys, or by rotating the «jog» wheel, depending on the parameter.
Afterward, pressing the «set» or «exit» key will validate your selection.
Aatoncode (timecode) reading
As a standard feature, Penelope is equipped with the capability of recording
AatonCode in-camera timecode. Timecode information is exposed onto the
film by optical projection of seven micro-diodes into the gate.
These micro-diodes flash rapidly to form the code as the film rolls through the
gate between exposures.
If AatonCode has been initialized in the camera, you can see it in the left bottom corner of the LCD display, as «hour : minutes : seconds» form. The «J»
sign indicates that the timecode has been jammed from an external signal. The
A4
«A» sign indicates that the timecode has been jammed from the
Aaton
OriginC+ master clock.
Aaton
Camera body
35
ISO setting
When using AatonCode in Penelope, the ISO setting must be adjusted to the
exposure index of the film stock being used. The ISO selection will insure that
the timecode matrix recorded on the edge of the film in the gate will be
exposed at an appropriate and useable level.
If AatonCode is not running in the camera, the setting of the ISO will have no
effect.
Press the «set» and then the «iso» key to adjust the ISO setting. Make your
selection between 25 and 1000 ISO, by rotating the «jog» wheel, or by toggling
the «up» or «down» key.
If the ISO selector is adjusted while the camera is in TEST or RUN mode, the
correction will not take place until the next camera start.
Camera preset (SYNC) speed
The default mode of the control panel will automatically displayA4the camera
speed selection, whether it be in SYNC or VAR mode, when the camera is
powered but not running. When the camera is turned on, the actual running
speed to the .01 frame is displayed.
To adjust the preset speed,press the «set» key, then the «sync» key. Make your
selection of stepped crystal speed between 6 and 50 fps by rotating the «jog»
wheel, or by toggling the «up» or «down» key. Afterward, pressing the «set» or
«exit» key will validate your selection.
A4
Aaton
Camera body
36
Camera variable (VAR) speed
To choose a specific speed, press the «set» key, then the «var» key. Make your
selection of any .001 incremented crystal speed between 1.000 and 50.000
fps via the «jog» wheel. Afterwards, pressing the «set» or «exit» key will validate your selection.
Adjusting the battery warning levels
Penelope displays a warning level when the battery voltage falls below a preset
level. The thresholds set for Batt.1 and Batt.2 do not overide the cameras
default minimum levels.
To adjust these levels, press «set» key then «sech» key to open the technical
A4
menu. Select the Bat Alert sub-menu and press «right» key to access.
Select
a value between 10.8V and 14V for battery 1 by rotating the «jog» wheel, or by
toggling the «top» and «down» keys. Follow the same procedure to adjust
battery 2 level.
Aaton suggests a value of 10.8V when using NIMH batteries and a value
between 13.2V and 14V when using Lithium-Ion batteries. Press the «set» or
«exit» keys to validate your selection.
Aaton
Camera body
37
Low battery alerts
If Batt.1 or Batt.2 reach the minimum level an alert is shown on both LCD
screens and a red LED blinks in the camera viewfinder.
Low batt 1
The camera continues to run properly and Low is displayed in front of the
battery icon.
Low batt 2
If both batteries are too low, the alert is displayed on both assistant and cameraman screens.
Low power
Low power (cameraman LCD)
Aaton
Camera body
38
LCDs’ contrast adjustement
You can modify and adjust the LCDs contrast. To adjust these levels, press
«set» key then «tech» key to open the technical menu. Select the LCD Param
sub-menu and press «right» key to access. Select Main LCD contrast level by
rotating the «jog» wheel, or by toggling the «top» and «down» keys. Press «right» key to access the cameraman LCD and follow the same procedure. Press
the «set» or «exit» keys to validate your selection.
Lemo connectors modes
Penelope has two start stop modes for accessories with Lemo connectors.
IMPULSION for accessories using pulse signal.
PERMANENT for Aaton wooden handgrip, Run switches and cables from
existing Aaton cameras 35-III, Xtera, XTRProd etc....
To choose one of these modes press «set» key then «tech» key to open the
technical menu. Select the Lemo mode sub-menu and press «right» key to
access. Select modes by rotating the «jog» wheel, or by toggling the «top» and
«down» keys. Press the «set» or «exit» keys to validate your selection.
Aaton
Camera body
39
2.8 Accessible settings on the cameraman side
Three buttons are located on the cameraman side, near the LCD screen.
Press the «middle» (2) or «upper» (3) display key to adjust the Aatonite level (see
Getting started).
You can also modify the camera running speed (only in SYNC mode) and the
magazine footage.
3
2
1
Press the «lower» (1) display key, then the «middle» (2) or «upper» (3) display key
to select SPEED or MAG modes. When selected, press the «lower» (1) display
key. The selected parameter starts to blink. Use the «middle» (2) or «upper» (3)
display key to modify the value. Press the «lower» (1) display key to validate.
Aaton
Camera body
40
Aaton
Camera body
41
3
Magazine
3.1 Concept
The Aaton magazine has been designed to be instantly installed or removed,
and to be loaded quickly. The magazine loading has to be done in the dark.
The magazine sprockets are driven by the camera motor through a magnetic
clutch. A magnetic wheel (on the inner side of the camera body) is coupled with
a similar wheel on the throat of the magazine to transport the film. A magnetic
drive system decreases noise and power consumption, and prevents mechanical stress during misloads. The remaining footage can be easily checked
through the mechanical footage counter located on the magazine door. This
footage can also be adjusted in the camera setting (see Getting started chapter). The magazine handles up to 400 ft (122m) loads of 35mm film stock,
maximum.
3.2 Pressure plates system
The gate plate (A)
The long plate, called the gate plate, is located at the front of the nose of the
magazine. When the loaded magazine is installed on the camera body, its main
function is to stabilize the film as the claw engages the film perf between exposures. Proper tensioning and functioning of the gate plate contribute to reliable
transport and quiet operation.
B
A
The picture plate (B)
The striped pressure plate, called the picture plate, is positioned at the camera’s aperture opening and is designed to hold the film steady at the point of
exposure. Proper setting and functioning of the picture plate assures the precise focus of each image.
Aaton
Magazine
43
3.3 Loading
The magazine design allows a quick and easy loading procedure and reduces
to the absolute minimum the number of operations to be carried out in the
dark.
B
A
B
C
D
E
F
4
3
3
2
2
1
1
s4URNTHEMECHANICALFOOTAGECOUNTER!CLOCKWISEUNTILITLOCKSINPLACE
B
4
s0LACETHEMAGAZINEONATABLEITSTHROATFACINGLEFT
G
H
Part of the loading can be done in the daylight: prepare the mag to receive the
film.
A
H
G
B
A
s5NFASTENTHETWOBLUEMAGLOCKINGLEVERS"TURNINGTHEMCOUNTER
clockwise
s/PENTHEDOOR
s#HECKTHEMAGAZINELOADINGSYSTEM
s4HENPUTTHEMAGAZINEINADARKROOMORCHANGINGBAG
Aaton
Magazine
44
Loading in the dark
s2EMOVETHElLMFROMITSCANANDBAG0LACETHElLMONTHEFEEDSPINDLEWITH
its winds clockwise and press the center of the core lock mechanism to lock
the core in place (A).
s0USHTHElLMHEADINTOTHECENTERSLOT"UNTILITENGAGESTHEINNERSPROCKET
wheel.
Aaton
Magazine
A
B
45
s'UIDETHElLMWITHYOURLEFTFORElNGERANDTURNTHETAKEUPCOREHOLDER
clockwise, making sure the film perforations engage the sprocket teeth.
s7HENTHElLMCOMESOUTOFTHESPROCKETASSEMBLYGENTLYPULLONIT
s0ULLAPPROXIMATELYCMINCHESOFlLMANDINSERTITINTHEBOTTOMSLOTUNTIL
it meets the lower sprocket teeth.
Aaton
Magazine
46
s'UIDETHElLMWITHYOURLEFTTHUMB!ANDFORElNGERANDTURNTHETAKEUP
core holder clockwise until the film goes out of the sprocket assembly (B).
Continue to turn the take-up core holder until the film reaches the bottom roller
(C).
A
B
s0LACEACOREONTHETAKEUPSIDESPINDLEPRESSTHECENTEROFTHECOREHOLDER
to lock the core in place. Fit the film end into the plastic take-up core and wind
on a few turns clockwise with the emulsion in. Close the door.
C
Aaton
Magazine
47
Once the magazine is closed, the following operations can be done in
daylight.
s2ELEASETHELOOPADJUSTMENTKNOBBYPULLINGITUP
s0USHTHELOOPRELEASEBUTTONANDHOLDITPRESSED4URNTHELOOPADJUSTMENT
knob clockwise (while pressing on it) to shorten the loop size until the loop
adjustment tool is held between the loop and the pressure plate.
s5SETHELOOPADJUSTMENTTOOLTODETERMINETHEIDEALLOOPSIZECORRESPONDING
to approximately 37 visible perfs).
Aaton
Magazine
48
Installing the magazine
To install the mag, situate yourself at the rear of the camera body on the
operator side.
Place your right hand underneath the magazine while your left hand is firmly
holding it at the midway point of its rear. Rest the nose of the magazine on the
camera base, hold the camera body with your left hand while pushing the mag
in the bottom dovetail and into the aperture area with your right hand. Make
sure that the top of the nose of the mag is parallel to the camera as you guide
the mag in place. Push firmly and evenly until you feel and hear that the mag
snaps against the aperture area.
Don’t forget to lock the magazine by pushing the magazine upper lock lever.
Removing the magazine
To remove the magazine, situate yourself at the rear of the camera body on the
operator side. Unlock the magazine upper lock lever and push the magazine
release lever (A) toward the front of the camera with your fingers.
A
The mag is now free to be pulled off the camera.
A4
Aaton
Magazine
49
4
Video
With the camera body powered up, turn on the video by pressing the “Set” key
followed by the “on/off” key.
s4OACCESSTHEVideo menu press the “set” key then the “vid” key.
s!WARNINGMESSAGEISDISPLAYEDONTHECAMERA,#$SCREENASSISTANTSIDE
s 5SE THE hUPv AND hDOWNv KEYS TO SELECT THE SUBMENUS AND hLEFTv ANDOR
“right” to access them.
Note : the camera status information is as follows : RUN in red color when the
camera is running, STOP in green color when the camera is stopped.
4.1 Video Menu
s5SETHEhUPvORhDOWNvKEYSTOSELECTTHEDESIREDPARAMETERS/NCESELECTED
enter the parameters setting with the “left” or “right” key and use the “up” and
“down” keys to modify them, then press the “exit” key to validate the data and
return to the previous level.
s4HEVideo menu allows you to set up the following video image parameters:
Gain level, Output (color or Black and White), Color temperature, Color saturation, Color Bar output and User color temperature (note that this mode is only
accessible if USER mode has been chosen in the Color temperature mode).
Aaton
Video
51
sGain : use “up” and “down” keys to modify the gain value, this parameter can
also be modified using the direct access function.
sOutput : Color or Black & White.
s Color temp : USER, 3200 or 5600. Both 3200 and 5600 are factory presets,
USER can be set using the Auto White Balance function.
sColor saturation : a highly saturated color image has a vivid, intense color,
while a less saturated image will appear more muted and grey. With no saturation at all, the hue becomes a shade of grey. Adjustment ranges from 0 to
200%
sColor Bars : generates color bars which can be used to calibrate a monitor.
sUser color temp : this menu is activated if the Color temp menu is set to
USER. Use the “left” and “right” keys to select the three primary colors Red,
Green and Blue, use the “up” and “down” keys to modify them.
Note : the values shown are the RGB values previously set by the Auto White
Balance function of the VHR.
Aaton
Video
52
4.2 Frame Menu
s4HE6(2CANINSERTFOURDIFFERENTFRAMESINTHEVIDEOIMAGE%ACHFRAME
can be electronically set in size and position to perfectly match the camera
viewing screen markings. The color and transparency of each frame can be individually set. The area outside the frame can also be filled with a chosen color
and darkened or brightened.
s&ROMTHEMAINVideo menu, use the” down” key to select the Frame submenu and press the “right” key to enter. You can deactivate the inserted frame
by selecting OFF in the line frame. If you select ON, you have the choice of
four different frames labeled frame 1, 2, 3 and 4. Each frame will have to be
set individually. Use the “up” and “down” keys to move to the line frame color
and press the “right” key to access the RGB parameters of the selected frame.
Play with the RGB values to modify the frame color then press the “exit” key to
return to the Frame menu.
s5SETHEhUPvORhDOWNvKEYSTOSELECTTHESUBMENUFrame top left press the
“right” key to enter and modify the “top and left frame” marking position using
the “up”, “down”, “left” and “Right” keys. Press the “exit” key to return to the
Frame menu.
s0ROCEEDINTHESAMEWAYTOMODIFYTHEPOSITIONOFTHEBottom and Right
lines of the frame markings. With no restriction, the inserted frame can be set
in size and position to match the viewing screen layout but it can also be used
to outline an object in the picture during a product shot.
Aaton
Video
53
The sub-menu Frame move allows you to position the inserted frame in the
picture without affecting its size. To fill the outside area of the frame with a colored shade, move to the Edge sub-menu and press the “left” or “right” keys
to turn the edge On or Off. If set to On, press “exit” key to return to the Frame
Menu and move to the Edge color sub-menu to modify the RGB parameters
of the frame outside area. Darkening and brightening this area can be done by
modifying the transparency parameter.
4.3 Logo
s4HE6(2ALLOWSYOUTOINSERTA Logo in the monitor picture. This Logo can be
created and uploaded in the VHR through a “Lemo 5” - “Serial” port cable.
s &ROM THE Video menu, use the “down” key to select the Logo sub-menu
and press the “right” key to enter. Once the Logo has been generated, you can
modify the transparency (Opacity) and its position on the screen.
s4OUPLOADANEWLogo, connect your computer to the “Lemo 5” - “Serial”
port cable.
Aaton
Video
54
4.4 Technical Menu
s4HETechnical sub-menu allows you to modify the following parameters :
Timecode (displayed on screen or not), Font , Auto Power Off (allows you to
choose between an automatic (On) or manual (Off) power off, of the VHR), delay to Power Off, VITC (video time code) position and Parity.
Time Code Menu
sTime Code Off/On allows you to choose to insert ON or not OFF AatonCode
information, which consists of Time, Date and Camera equipment number ID.
Use the “left” and “right” keys to proceed.
Font Menu
sFont allows you to choose the font of the displayed information. Two fonts are
available, 0 and 1. Use the “left” and “right” keys to proceed.
Aaton
Video
55
Auto Power Off
sAuto Power Off allows you to choose between an automatic ON or manual
OFF power off, of the camera.
sPower off (modifiable only if the Auto Power Off mode has been chosen)
allows you to choose an automatic power off, of the video assist, from 10 to 60
minutes. Use the “left” and “right” keys to proceed.
VITC Position
sVitc Position allows you to choose the position of the VITC lines. Choice from
10 to 23 in PAL (Aaton recommends line 19), or from 13 and 19 in NTSC.
sParity allows you to select the parity of the VITC lines ODD and EVEN.
Make sure that your Post Production tools run properly with the selected
value.
Time & Cam position
s The VHR inserts the camera speed and magazine footage, as well as timecode information in the video image. These sub-menus allow you to position
the information anywhere on the monitor. Use the “up”, “down”, “left” and “right”
keys to move, press “exit” to return to the Main menu.
Aaton
Video
56
5
Technical specifications
Type
Functions
Diagram
Pin descriptions (from user’s side)
2
LEMO-2
1 Ground
2 Start
On/Off
1
2
Fischer-2
1 Ground
2 + Batt
Heating cable
1
1
LEMO-5
TimeCode
5
2
3
1
LEMO-6
Power
6
2
5
3
Aaton
4
4
1
2
3
4
5
Ground
SMPTE In
Ascii In/out
Not used
Not used
1
2
3
4
5
6
Ground
Not used
Not used
+ batt
Not used
Start
Technical specifications
58
Type
Fischer-4
Functions
Diagram
Video output
2
1
3
4
2
LEMO-8
Speed Controllers
3
4
3
XLR-4
Aaton
Power In
1
4
5
Pin descriptions (from user’s side)
8
7
6
2
1
1
2
3
4
Ground
Video ground
Video output
+ Batt
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
Ground
Top Tour (one pulse per frame)
Ascii In/Out
+ Batt
Tachy out
Start
Tachy in
Ground
1 Ground
2 Not used
3 & 4 (linked) + Batt
Technical specifications
59
2 Perf S35 centered
Penelope
2 Perf
AATON
Penelope
2 Perf
AATON
1.78
1.85
1.78
Penelope
2 Perf
AATON
Ref : 33-230-22
Ref : 33-230-21
Ref : 33-230-20
Penelope
2 Perf
AATON
Ref : 33-230-23
2.35
1.85
2.35 + 1.78 HDTV
2.35 + 1.78 (HDTV)
2.35
3 Perf ANSI S35 centered
Penelope
3 Perf
AATON
Ref : 33-230-25
Penelope
3 Perf
AATON
Penelope
3 Perf
AATON
Ref : 33-230-26
Ref : 33-230-27
1.78 + TV Safe
1.78
1.78 + TV Safe
1.78 Transmitted (16:9)
Penelope
3 Perf
AATON
Ref : 33-230-28
2.35
2.35
1.85
2.35 Centric
Penelope
3 Perf
AATON
Ref : 33-230-29
2.35 + 1.78
2.35 + 1.78 Transmitted (16:9) offset
Aaton
Viewing screens
60
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