© Agilent Technologies, Inc. 2010
No part of this manual may be reproduced in any form or by any means (including electronic storage and retrieval or translation into a foreign language) without prior agreement and written consent from Agilent Technologies, Inc. as governed by United States and international copyright laws.
Manual Part Number
Third edition, January 2010
Second edition, September 2008
First edition, March 2007
Printed in USA and China
Agilent Technologies, Inc.
2850 Centerville Road
Wilmington, DE 19808-1610 USA
英伦路 412 号
The material contained in this document is provided “as is,” and is subject to being changed, without notice, in future editions. Further, to the maximum extent permitted by applicable law, Agilent disclaims all warranties, either express or implied, with regard to this manual and any information contained herein, including but not limited to the implied warranties of merchantability and fitness for a particular purpose. Agilent shall not be liable for errors or for incidental or consequential damages in connection with the furnishing, use, or performance of this document or of any information contained herein. Should Agilent and the user have a separate written agreement with warranty terms covering the material in this document that conflict with these terms, the warranty terms in the separate agreement shall control.
The hardware and/or software described in this document are furnished under a license and may be used or copied only in accordance with the terms of such license.
Restricted Rights Legend
If software is for use in the performance of a U.S. Government prime contract or subcontract, Software is delivered and licensed as “Commercial computer software” as defined in DFAR 252.227-7014
(June 1995), or as a “commercial item” as defined in FAR 2.101(a) or as “Restricted computer software” as defined in FAR
52.227-19 (June 1987) or any equivalent agency regulation or contract clause. Use, duplication or disclosure of Software is subject to Agilent Technologies’ standard commercial license terms, and non-DOD
Departments and Agencies of the U.S.
Government will receive no greater than
Restricted Rights as defined in FAR
52.227-19(c)(1-2) (June 1987). U.S. Government users will receive no greater than
Limited Rights as defined in FAR 52.227-14
(June 1987) or DFAR 252.227-7015 (b)(2)
(November 1995), as applicable in any technical data.
A CAUTION notice denotes a hazard. It calls attention to an operating procedure, practice, or the like that, if not correctly performed or adhered to, could result in damage to the product or loss of important data. Do not proceed beyond a CAUTION notice until the indicated conditions are fully understood and met.
WA R N I N G
A WARNING notice denotes a hazard. It calls attention to an operating procedure, practice, or the like that, if not correctly performed or adhered to, could result in personal injury or death. Do not proceed beyond a WARNING notice until the indicated conditions are fully understood and met.
Quick Reference 5
6 Quick Reference
Agilent 7890A GC
This document provides an overview of the user information materials that are available for your system as well as a quick reference to the 7890A GC keypad and system installation steps.
See your Agilent GC and GC/MS Hardware User
Information & Utilities DVD that ships with your instrument for localized versions of Safety and
Regulatory, Operation, Maintenance and
Agilent Technologies 7
Online User Documentation
Now your Agilent instrument documentation is in one place, at your fingertips.
The hardware user information and utilities DVD that ships with your instrument provides an extensive collection of online help, videos, and books for the
Agilent 7890A GC, 7820A GC, 6890N GC, 6850 Series
GC, 7000 MS, 5975 Series MSD, 7693A ALS, and the
7683B ALS. Included are localized versions of the information you need most, such as:
• Getting Familiar documentation
• Safety and Regulatory guides
• Site Preparation checklists
• Installation information
• Operating guides
• Maintenance information
• Troubleshooting details
Agilent 7890A GC
Keypad and Status Board
Agilent Technologies 9
Keypad for the 7890A GC
The next several pages provide an overview of the
Agilent 7890A GC keypad functions. See the Agilent
7890A GC Advanced User Guide along with the complete suite of documentation included on the
Agilent GC and GC/MS Hardware User Information &
Utilities DVD that shipped with your instrument for more detailed information.
10 Quick Reference
The Run Keys
Immediately terminates the run. If the GC is in the middle of a run, the data from that run may be lost.
Refer to the Agilent 7890A GC Advanced User
Guide for information on how to restart the GC after pressing [Stop].
Activates processes required to bring the GC to the starting condition dictated by the method (such as turning off the inlet purge flow for a splitless injection or restoring normal flow from gas saver mode).
[Start] Starts a run after manually injecting a sample.
(When you are using an automatic liquid sampler or gas sampling valve, the run is automatically activated at the appropriate time.)
Quick Reference 11
The Info Key
For context-sensitive help, press [Info]. For example, if you press [Info] on a setpoint entry, the help provided would be similar to: Enter a value between 0 and 350.
[Info] Provides context-sensitive help for the currently shown parameter. For example, if Oven Temp is the active line in the display (has a < next to it),
[Info] will display the valid range of oven temperatures. In other cases, [Info] will display definitions or actions that need to be performed.
12 Quick Reference
The Status Key
[Status] Toggles between setpoint/actual values for most commonly reviewed parameters and displays
“ready,” “not ready,” and “fault” information.
When the Not Ready status light is blinking, a fault has occurred. Press [Status] to see which parameters are not ready and what fault has occurred.
Quick Reference 13
The GC Component Keys
These keys are used to set the temperature, pressure, flow, velocity, and other method operating parameters.
To display the current settings, press any one of these keys. More than three lines of information may be available. Use the scroll keys to view additional lines, if necessary.
To change settings, scroll to the line of interest, enter the change, and press [Enter].
14 Quick Reference
[Oven] Sets oven temperatures, both isothermal and temperature programmed.
Controls inlet operating parameters.
[Aux Col #]
[Aux Det #]
[Analog Out 1]
[Analog Out 2]
Controls column pressure, flow, or velocity.
Can set pressure or flow ramps.
Controls detector operating parameters.
[Aux Temp #]
[Aux EPC #]
Assigns a signal to the analog output. The analog output is located on the back of the
Edits injector control parameters such as injection volumes and sample and solvent washes.
Allows for configuration or control of the gas sampling valve (GSV) and/or switching valves
1 to 8 on or off. Sets multiposition valve position.
Controls extra temperature zones such as a heated valve box, a mass selective detector, an atomic emission detector transfer line, or an “unknown” device. Can be used for temperature programming.
Provides auxiliary pneumatics to an inlet, detector, or other device. Can be used for pressure programming.
[Column Comp] Creates a column compensation profile.
Quick Reference 15
The General Data Entry Keys
16 Quick Reference
Accesses a list of possible parameters associated with a component’s nonnumeric settings. For example, if the GC is configured with a split/splitless inlet and the [Mode/Type] key is pressed, the options listed will be split, splitless, pulsed split, or pulsed splitless.
Removes a misentered setpoint before pressing
[Enter]. It can also be used to return to the top line of a multiline display, return to a previous display, cancel a function during a sequence or method, or cancel loading or storing sequences and methods.
Accepts changes you enter or selects an alternate mode.
Scrolls up and down through the display one line at a time. The < in the display indicates the active line.
Enters settings for the method parameters (Press
[Enter] when you are finished to accept the changes.)
Sets parameters, such as the warning beep, method modification beep, and key click or for turning on or off a device like a detector.
Identifies configuration settings. For example, when configuring a column, use these keys to identify the inlet and detector to which the column is attached.
Removes methods, sequences, run table entries, and clock table entries. [Delete] also aborts the adjust offset process for nitrogen-phosphorus detectors (NPD) without interrupting other detector parameters. See the Agilent 7890A GC
Advanced User Guide for more details.
Quick Reference 17
The Supporting Keys
18 Quick Reference
[Time] Displays the current date and time on the first line.
The two middle lines show the time between runs, the elapsed time and time remaining during a run, and the last run time and post-time during a post-run.
[Post Run] Programs the GC to do something after a run, such as bakeout or backflush a column. See the Agilent
7890A GC Advanced User Guide for details.
[Logs] Toggles among three logs: the Run Log, the Maintenance Log, and the System Event Log. The information in these logs can be used to support Good
Laboratory Practices (GLP) standards.
The last line always displays a stopwatch. While on the stopwatch line, press [Clear] to set the clock to zero and [Enter] to start or stop the stopwatch.
Accesses the instrument parameters setup option, such as keypad, display, and diagnostics. Scroll to the desired line and press [Enter] to access the associated entries. See the Agilent 7890A GC
Advanced User Guide for details.
Sets up components that are not automatically detectable by the GC but are essential to running a method, such as column dimensions, carrier and detector gas types, makeup gas configurations, sample tray settings, and column plumbing to inlets and detectors. These settings are part of, and are stored with, the method.
To view the current configuration for a component
(such as the inlet or detector), press [Config], then the component key of interest.
Quick Reference 19
Method Storage and Automation Keys
These keys are for loading and storing methods and sequences locally on your GC. They cannot be used to access methods and sequences stored by your Agilent
20 Quick Reference
Loads and stores methods and sequences on your GC.
To load a method, press [Load] [Method] and select one from the list of methods stored in the GC. See the Agilent 7890A GC Advanced
User Guide for more details on these operations.
Programs special events you require during a run. A special event could be switching a valve, for example. See the Agilent 7890A GC
Advanced User Guide for details.
Programs events to occur at a time of day, as opposed to during a specific run. This could, for example, be used to start a shutdown run at
5:00 p.m. every day. See the Agilent 7890A GC
Advanced User Guide for details on this function.
Starts, stops, pauses, or resumes a sequence, or views the status of a sequence. See the
Agilent 7890A GC Advanced User Guide for details.
[Sample Tray] Displays whether the tray and/or bar code reader is enabled.
[User Key 1]
[User Key 2]
Allows you to program a series of keystrokes commonly used for specific operations. See the
Agilent 7890A GC Advanced User Guide .
Quick Reference 21
The Service Mode Key
[Service Mode] Accesses maintenance functions and settings, service counters, and diagnostics for the GC.
22 Quick Reference
Keypad Functionality When the GC Is Controlled by an Agilent Data System
When an Agilent data system controls the GC, the data system defines the setpoints and runs the samples. If configured to lock the keypad, the data system can prevent the changing of setpoints. The Remote LED is lit when a data system is controlling the GC. Lit LEDs on the status board show the current progress of a run.
When controlled by a data system, the keypad can be used:
• To view run status by selecting [Status]
• To view the method settings by selecting the GC component key
• To display the last and next run times, the run time remaining, and the post-run time remaining by repeatedly selecting [Time]
• To abort a run by selecting [Stop]
Quick Reference 23
About GC Status
When the GC is ready to begin a run, the display screen shows STATUS Ready for Injection. Alternatively, when a component of the GC is not ready to begin a run, the
Not Ready LED is lit on the status board. Press [Status] to see a message explaining why the GC is not ready.
The status board provides a basic look at what is currently happening inside the GC.
24 Quick Reference
Lights when the GC is not yet ready to process a sample and blinks when a fault occurs.
Press [Status] to see which parameters are not ready or what faults have occurred.
Lights when the instrument is executing a chromatographic run.
Lights when the GC is communicating with a remote device (such as the Agilent ChemStation running on a PC). When lit, some functions are blocked from the keypad because they are being controlled by the remote device.
Lights when a clock table event has been set.
Lights when the front or back gas saver is on.
Lights when a run log has entries. Press
[Logs] to view these entries. This information can be used for Good Laboratory Practice
Lights when a service counter has reached the limit you specified.
Lights when the GC is in the pre-run state
(after [Prep Run] is pressed). Indicates that the inlet has been prepared for injection.
Lights indicate the progress of the oven temperature program.
• blinks if the oven is unable to follow the oven temperature program.
• is lit when the GC reaches the temperature specified in the method.
Lights when the instrument is executing a post-run operation (e.g., printing a report).
Quick Reference 25
A series of warning beeps sounds before a shutdown occurs. After a short time the component with the problem shuts down, the GC emits one beep, and a brief, numbered message is displayed. For example, a series of beeps sounds if the front inlet gas flow cannot reach setpoint. The message Front inlet flow shutdown is briefly displayed. The flow shuts down after 2 minutes. Press [Clear] to stop the beep.
A continuous tone sounds if a hydrogen flow is shut down or a thermal shutdown occurs.
WA R N I N G
Before resuming GC operations, investigate and resolve the cause of the hydrogen shutdown. See Hydrogen
Shutdown in the Troubleshooting manual for details.
One beep sounds when a problem exists, but the problem will not prevent the GC from executing the run.
The GC will emit one beep and display a message. The
GC can start the run and the warning will disappear when a run starts.
Fault messages indicate hardware problems that require user intervention. Depending on the type of error, the GC emits no beep or a single beep.
If a gas flow, multiposition valve, or the oven is shut down by the system, Off will blink on the appropriate line of the component’s parameter listing.
If there is a pneumatics shutdown or failure in another part of the detector, the detector On/Off line of the detector’s parameter list blinks.
26 Quick Reference
Three logs are accessible from the keypad: the run log, the maintenance log, and the system event log. To access the logs, press [Logs] and toggle to the desired log. The display will indicate the number of entries the log contains. Scroll through the list.
The run log is cleared at the start of each new run.
During the current run, any deviations from the planned method (including keypad entries) are listed in the run log table. When the run log contains entries, the Run
Log LED lights.
The maintenance log contains entries made by the system when any of the user-defined component counters reach a monitored limit. The log entry contains a description of the counter, its current value, the monitored limits, and which of its limits has been reached. In addition, each user task related to the counter is recorded in the log, including resetting, enabling or disabling monitoring, and changing limits or units (cycles or duration).
System event log
The system event log records significant events during the GC’s operation. Some of the events also appear in the run log if they are in effect during a run.
Quick Reference 27
28 Quick Reference
Agilent 7890A GC
7890A GC Installation
The following is a quick reference guide for installing and checking out your new GC.
For detailed instructions on these steps, refer to the documentation included on the Agilent GC and GC/MS
Hardware User Information & Utilities DVD that came with your system.
• For installing columns and consumables, see the maintenance information.
• For operating the GC and AutoSampler, see the operating information.
• For running the checkout sample, see the advanced user information.
WA R N I N G
Use extreme caution when handling heavy parts. A two person lift is recommended. Failure to perform a two person lift may result in personal injury.
Agilent Technologies 29
7890A GC Installation in 10 Steps
Place the GC on the bench and remove the detector caps under the detector cover.
On the back panel, remove the caps and connect the gases.
400 kPa (60 psi) 690 kPa (100 psi)
400 kPa (60 psi) 690 kPa (100 psi)
550 kPa (80 psi) 690 kPa (100 psi)
400 kPa (60 psi) 690 kPa (100 psi)
Set the gas source pressures and check for leaks.
Install the checkout column.
Quick Reference 31
Install the sampler and tray and connect the cables to the back panel.
Connect the power cord and the remaining cables.
STATUS - Ready
Turn on the GC. Load the checkout method for the inlet and detector you are using. Wait for “Ready” to appear on the display screen.
For a manual injection: Prepare the checkout sample.
Inject the sample into the inlet, then press start.
Quick Reference 33
For automatic sampler injections: Prepare the checkout sample vial. Load the vial into the sampler, then press start.
FID1 A, (C:\FID.D)
4 5 min
Compare your results with the checkout chromatogram for your detector.
* Your assessment is very important for improving the work of artificial intelligence, which forms the content of this project