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Draytek Vigor 130 User`s guide
Vigor2760 Series User’s Guide
ii
Vigor2760 Series
High Speed VDSL2 Router
User’s Guide
Version: 1.01
Firmware Version: V3.7.5.1
(For updates, visit www.draytek.co.uk/support )
Date: May 12, 2014
Note: The product specification is subject to continuous evolution which may not
always be reflected in current documentation. For the formal and supported current
specification, please refer only to the web site at www.draytek.co.uk
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Vigor2760 Series User’s Guide
Copyright Information
Copyright
Declarations
Copyright© 2014 All rights reserved. This publication contains information that is
protected by copyright. No part may be reproduced, transmitted, transcribed, stored in a
retrieval system, or translated into any language without written permission from the
copyright holders.
Trademarks
The following trademarks are used in this document:

Microsoft is a registered trademark of Microsoft Corp.

Windows, Windows 95, 98, Me, NT, 2000, XP, Vista and Explorer are
trademarks of Microsoft Corp.

Apple and Mac OS are registered trademarks of Apple Inc.

Other products may be trademarks or registered trademarks of their respective
manufacturers.
Safety Instructions and Approval
Safety
Instructions
Warranty


Read the installation guide thoroughly before you set up the router.
The router is a complicated electronic unit that may be repaired only be
authorized and qualified personnel. Do not try to open or repair the router
yourself.

Do not place the router in a damp or humid place, e.g. a bathroom.

The router should be used in a sheltered area, within a temperature range of +5 to
+40 Celsius.

Do not expose the router to direct sunlight or other heat sources. The housing and
electronic components may be damaged by direct sunlight or heat sources.

Do not deploy the cable for LAN connection outdoor to prevent electronic shock
hazards.

Keep the package out of reach of children.

When you want to dispose of the router, please follow local regulations on
conservation of the environment.
We warrant to the original end user (purchaser) that the router will be free from any
defects in workmanship or materials for a period of two (2) years from the date of
purchase from the dealer. Please keep your purchase receipt in a safe place as it serves
as proof of date of purchase. During the warranty period, and upon proof of purchase,
should the product have indications of failure due to faulty workmanship and/or
materials, we will, at our discretion, repair or replace the defective products or
components, without charge for either parts or labor, to whatever extent we deem
necessary tore-store the product to proper operating condition. Any replacement will
consist of a new or re-manufactured functionally equivalent product of equal value, and
will be offered solely at our discretion. This warranty will not apply if the product is
modified, misused, tampered with, damaged by an act of God, or subjected to abnormal
working conditions. The warranty does not cover the bundled or licensed software of
other vendors. Defects which do not significantly affect the usability of the product will
not be covered by the warranty. We reserve the right to revise the manual and online
documentation and to make changes from time to time in the contents hereof without
obligation to notify any person of such revision or changes. Warranty service is ‘RTB’
(return to base), not advance or on-site. You can subscribe to VigorCare within 30 days
of purchase – see www.draytek.co.uk/vigorcare
Mailing List
Users in the UK/Ireland are recommended to sign up to a users’ newsletter for news,
updates, hits & tips and offers. See www.draytek.co.uk/mailing-list
Firmware & Tools
Updates
Due to the continuous evolution of DrayTek technology, all routers will be regularly
upgraded. Please consult the DrayTek web site for more information on newest
firmware, tools and documents. http://www.draytek.co.uk
Vigor2760 Series User’s Guide
iv
European Community Declarations
Manufacturer:
Address:
Product:
DrayTek Corp.
No. 26, Fu Shing Road, Hukou Township, Hsinchu Industrial Park, Hsinchu County, Taiwan 303
Vigor2760 Series Router
DrayTek Corp. declares that Vigor2760 Series of routers are in compliance with the following essential
requirements and other relevant provisions of R&TTE 1999/5/EC, ErP 2009/125/EC and RoHS 2011/65/EU.
The product conforms to the requirements of Electro-Magnetic Compatibility (EMC) Directive 2004/108/EC by
complying with the requirements set forth in EN55022/Class B and EN55024/Class B.
The product conforms to the requirements of Low Voltage (LVD) Directive 2006/95/EC by complying with the
requirements set forth in EN60950-1.
This product is designed for the DSL and 2.4GHz/5GHz WLAN network throughout the EC region. Please see
the user manual for the applicable networks on your product.
Regulatory Information
Federal Communication Commission Interference Statement
This equipment has been tested and found to comply with the limits for a Class B digital device, pursuant to Part
15 of the FCC Rules. These limits are designed to provide reasonable protection against harmful interference in a
residential installation. This equipment generates, uses and can radiate radio frequency energy and, if not installed
and used in accordance with the instructions, may cause harmful interference to radio communications. However,
there is no guarantee that interference will not occur in a particular installation. If this equipment does cause
harmful interference to radio or television reception, which can be determined by turning the equipment off and
on, the user is encouraged to try to correct the interference by one of the following measures:

Reorient or relocate the receiving antenna.

Increase the separation between the equipment and receiver.

Connect the equipment into an outlet on a circuit different from that to which the receiver is connected.

Consult the dealer or an experienced radio/TV technician for help.
This device complies with Part 15 of the FCC Rules. Operation is subject to the following two conditions:
(1) This device may not cause harmful interference, and
(2) This device may accept any interference received, including interference that may cause undesired operation.
RF Exposure Warning
This equipment must be installed and operated in accordance with provided instructions and the antenna(s) used
for this transmitter must be installed to provide a separation distance of at least 20 cm from all persons and must
not be co-located or operating in conjunction with any other antenna or transmitter. End-users and installers must
be provided with antenna installation instructions and transmitter operating conditions for satisfying RF exposure
compliance.
Caution
Any changes or modifications not expressly approved by the grantee of this device could void the user's authority
to operate the equipment.
The antenna/transmitter should be kept at least 20 cm away from human body.
Please visit http://www.draytek.com/user/SupportDLRTTECE.php
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Vigor2760 Series User’s Guide
Vigor2760 Series User’s Guide
vi
Table of Contents
Introduction...................................................................................................1
1.1 Features........................................................................................................................ 2
1.2 Package and Content ................................................................................................... 4
1.3 LED Indicators and Connectors.................................................................................... 5
1.3.1 For Vigor2760 ................................................................................................... 5
1.3.2 For Vigor2760n ................................................................................................. 7
1.3.3 For Vigor2760Vn............................................................................................... 9
1.4 Hardware Installation ...................................................................................................11
1.5 Printer Installation ....................................................................................................... 12
Quick Setup.................................................................................................21
2.1 Accessing Web Page .................................................................................................. 21
2.2 Changing Password.................................................................................................... 22
2.3 Introducing Dashboard ............................................................................................... 23
2.3.1 Virtual Panel.................................................................................................... 24
2.3.2 Name with a Link ............................................................................................ 24
2.3.3 Quick Access for Common Used Menu.......................................................... 24
2.3.4 GUI Map.......................................................................................................... 26
2.3.5 Web Console .................................................................................................. 27
2.3.6 Config Backup ................................................................................................ 27
2.3.7 Logout ............................................................................................................. 28
2.4 Configuring WAN for Accessing Internet .................................................................... 28
2.5 Online Status............................................................................................................... 30
2.5.1 Physical Connection ....................................................................................... 30
2.5.2 Virtual WAN .................................................................................................... 32
2.6 Saving Configuration .................................................................................................. 33
Advanced Configuration............................................................................35
3.1 WAN............................................................................................................................ 35
3.1.1 Basics of Internet Protocol (IP) Network......................................................... 35
3.1.2 General Setup................................................................................................. 37
3.1.3 Internet Access ............................................................................................... 42
3.1.4 Multi-PVC........................................................................................................ 69
3.2 LAN ............................................................................................................................. 75
3.2.1 Basics of LAN ................................................................................................. 75
3.2.2 General Setup................................................................................................. 77
3.2.3 VLAN............................................................................................................... 84
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Vigor2760 Series User’s Guide
3.2.4 LAN Port Mirror ............................................................................................... 87
3.2.5 Web Portal Setup............................................................................................ 88
3.3 NAT ............................................................................................................................. 89
3.3.1 Port Redirection .............................................................................................. 90
3.3.2 DMZ Host........................................................................................................ 94
3.3.3 Open Ports...................................................................................................... 97
3.3.4 Port Triggering ................................................................................................ 99
3.4 Firewall...................................................................................................................... 102
3.4.1 Basics for Firewall......................................................................................... 102
3.4.2 General Setup............................................................................................... 104
3.4.3 Filter Setup.................................................................................................... 108
3.4.4 DoS Defense ................................................................................................ 116
3.5 Objects Settings........................................................................................................ 120
3.5.1 IP Object ....................................................................................................... 120
3.5.2 IP Group........................................................................................................ 123
3.5.3 IPv6 Object ................................................................................................... 125
3.5.4 IPv6 Group.................................................................................................... 127
3.5.5 Service Type Object ..................................................................................... 128
3.5.6 Service Type Group...................................................................................... 130
3.5.7 Keyword Object ............................................................................................ 132
3.5.8 Keyword Group............................................................................................. 134
3.5.9 File Extension Object.................................................................................... 135
3.5.10 SMS/Mail Service Object ............................................................................ 137
3.5.11 Notification Object....................................................................................... 142
3.6 CSM Profile............................................................................................................... 144
3.6.1 APP Enforcement Profile .............................................................................. 145
3.6.2 URL Content Filter Profile............................................................................. 148
3.6.3 Web Content Filter Profile............................................................................. 152
3.6.4 DNS Filter ..................................................................................................... 156
3.7 Bandwidth Management ........................................................................................... 158
3.7.1 Sessions Limit............................................................................................... 158
3.7.2 Bandwidth Limit ............................................................................................ 160
3.7.3 Quality of Service.......................................................................................... 162
3.7.4 APP QoS....................................................................................................... 171
3.8 Applications............................................................................................................... 173
3.8.1 Dynamic DNS ............................................................................................... 173
3.8.2 LAN DNS ...................................................................................................... 176
3.8.3 Schedule ....................................................................................................... 179
3.8.4 UPnP............................................................................................................. 182
3.8.5 IGMP............................................................................................................. 184
3.8.6 Wake on LAN................................................................................................ 185
3.8.7 SMS / Mail Alert Service ............................................................................... 186
3.8.8 Bonjour.......................................................................................................... 188
3.9 VPN and Remote Access ......................................................................................... 191
3.9.1 LAN to LAN ................................................................................................... 191
3.9.2 Connection Management.............................................................................. 197
3.10 Certificate Management.......................................................................................... 198
3.10.1 Local Certificate .......................................................................................... 198
3.10.2 Trusted CA Certificate ................................................................................ 200
3.10.3 Certificate Backup....................................................................................... 201
3.11 VoIP......................................................................................................................... 202
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3.11.1 DialPlan....................................................................................................... 204
3.11.2 SIP Accounts .............................................................................................. 213
3.11.3 Phone Settings ........................................................................................... 217
3.11.4 Status.......................................................................................................... 222
3.12 Wireless LAN .......................................................................................................... 224
3.12.1 Basic Concepts........................................................................................... 224
3.12.2 General Setup............................................................................................. 226
3.12.3 Security ....................................................................................................... 228
3.12.4 Access Control............................................................................................ 231
3.12.5 WPS............................................................................................................ 232
3.12.6 WDS............................................................................................................ 235
3.12.7 Advanced Setting........................................................................................ 239
3.12.8 WMM Configuration .................................................................................... 241
3.12.9 AP Discovery .............................................................................................. 243
3.12.10 Station List ................................................................................................ 244
3.13 USB Application ...................................................................................................... 245
3.13.1 USB General Settings................................................................................. 245
3.13.2 USB User Management.............................................................................. 246
3.13.3 File Explorer................................................................................................ 247
3.13.4 USB Device Status ..................................................................................... 249
3.13.5 Modem Support List.................................................................................... 250
3.14 System Maintenance .............................................................................................. 251
3.14.1 System Status............................................................................................. 251
3.14.2 TR-069 ........................................................................................................ 253
3.14.3 Administrator Password.............................................................................. 254
3.14.4 User Password ........................................................................................... 255
3.14.5 Login Page Greeting................................................................................... 257
3.14.6 Configuration Backup ................................................................................. 259
3.14.7 Syslog/Mail Alert ......................................................................................... 261
3.14.8 Time and Date ............................................................................................ 264
3.14.9 SNMP.......................................................................................................... 265
3.14.10 Management............................................................................................. 267
3.14.11 Reboot System ......................................................................................... 270
3.14.12 Firmware Upgrade .................................................................................... 271
3.14.13 DSL Firmware Upgrade ............................................................................ 272
3.14.14 Activation .................................................................................................. 272
3.15 Diagnostics ............................................................................................................. 273
3.15.1 Dial-out Triggering ...................................................................................... 274
3.15.2 Routing Table ............................................................................................. 275
3.15.3 ARP Cache Table ....................................................................................... 276
3.15.4 IPv6 Neighbour Table ................................................................................. 276
3.15.5 DHCP Table................................................................................................ 277
3.15.6 NAT Sessions Table ................................................................................... 278
3.15.7 Ping Diagnosis............................................................................................ 279
3.15.8 Data Flow Monitor....................................................................................... 280
3.15.9 Traffic Graph ............................................................................................... 282
3.15.10 Trace Route .............................................................................................. 283
3.15.11 Syslog Explorer......................................................................................... 284
3.15.12 IPv6 TSPC Status..................................................................................... 286
Tutorials and Applications.......................................................................287
4.1 How to configure settings for IPv6 Service in Vigor2760.......................................... 287
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Vigor2760 Series User’s Guide
4.2 How can I get the files from USB storage device connecting to Vigor router?......... 299
4.3 How to Build a LAN-to-LAN VPN Between Remote Office and Headquarter via IPsec
Tunnel (Main Mode)........................................................................................................ 301
4.4 How to Optimize the Bandwidth through QoS Technology....................................... 305
4.5 QoS Setting Example ............................................................................................... 309
4.6 How to Send a Notification to Specified Phone Number via SMS Service in WAN
Disconnection ................................................................................................................. 314
4.7 How to Create an Account for MyVigor..................................................................... 318
4.7.1 Create an Account via Vigor Router ............................................................. 318
4.7.2 Create an Account via MyVigor Web Site .................................................... 322
4.8 How to Configure Certain Computers Accessing to Internet.................................... 326
4.9 How to Block Facebook Service Accessed by the Users via Web Content Filter / URL
Content Filter .................................................................................................................. 331
Trouble Shooting......................................................................................337
5.1 Check if the Hardware Status Is OK ......................................................................... 337
5.2 Check If the Network Connection Settings on Your Computer are OK .................... 338
5.3 Pinging the Router from Your Computer................................................................... 341
5.4 Checking if the ISP Settings are OK......................................................................... 342
5.5 Problems with 3G/4G Network Connection ........................................................... 342
5.6 Backing to Factory Default Setting If Necessary ...................................................... 343
5.7 Getting further help ................................................................................................... 344
5.8 Keep up to date......................................................................................................... 345
5.9 Firmware Updates .................................................................................................... 345
Vigor2760 Series User’s Guide
x
Introduction
Vigor2760 series is a VDSL2 and ADSL2+ router, alternatively supporting Ethernet-Based
Internet WAN connections (‘Delight’ edition onwards). It integrates QoS, NAT
session/bandwidth management to help users control works well with large bandwidth.
With good performance and secured broadband connectivity provided by Vigor 2760 series,
you can simultaneously engage these bandwidth-intensive applications, such as high-definition
video streaming, online gaming, and Internet telephony / access.
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Vigor2760 Series User’s Guide
1.1 Features
ADSL2/2+ &
VDSL2
Compliant with ITU-T G.993.2 & G.997.1
Support Band Plan 998 & 997
Support Annex A / Annex M
VDSL2 Profile 8a/8b/8c/8d/12a/12b/17a/30a
Capability Fall-back to ADSL2/2+
Multi-VLAN
Multi-PVC
Internet
Support IPv4 & IPv6
Support PPPoE/PPPoA
Support DHCP/Static IP
Internet connection over 3G/4G USB Dongle
Multi-VLAN/Multi-PVC for triple play
VPN
2 simultaneous outgoing VPN Tunnels (to main office/HQ host)
VPN Passthough (PPTP/L2TP/IPsec)
IPsec Main/Aggressive Mode
IKE Authentication (PSK & X.509)
PPTP MPPE
L2TP over IPsec
Security
Object-based Firewall
MAC Address Filter
SPI (Stateful Packet Inspection)
DoS/DDoS Prevention
IM/P2P Applications Filter
URL Content Filter
Global View Web Content Filter
NAT/Routing
DMZ Host
Port Forwarding & Redirection
Route Policy
Network Feature
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System
Maintenance
Vigor2760 Series User’s Guide
LAN Port Mirror
Bandwidth/Session Management
QoS by IP, Port, Applications
Dynamic DNS
LAN DNS
UPnP
IGMP proxy & snooping
Wake on LAN
Bonjour
Printer Sharing
FTP Server for File Sharing by a USB Memory (FAT32)
Web Syslog
HTTP/HTTPS User Interface
2
Wireless AP (n
model)
VoIP (V model)
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CLI over Telnet/SSH/Web UI
Configuration Backup/Restore
Administrator Access Control
Restricted User Mode
Flow Monitor
Built-in Diagnostic Function
E-mail/SMS Alert
SNMP v1/v2c
TR-069 (Compliance with VigorACS SI)
Support 2T2R 2.4GHz, Single Band
802.11n Compliant
64/128-bit WEP, WPA/WPA2
WDS (Wireless Distribution System)
MAC Address Access Control
WPS
Wireless Client List
Access Point Discovery
Hidden SSID
Multiple SSID
WMM
Protocol: SIP, RTP/RTCP
6 SIP Registrars
G.168 Line Echo-cancellation
VoIP Status
PSTN Loop Through
Codec Features :
 G.711 A/μ law
 G.723.1
 G.726
 G.729 A/B
 VAD/CNG
DTMF Relay :
 In Band
 Out Band (RFC-2833)


SIP Info
Supplemental Services :
 Call Hold/Retrieve
 Call Waiting
 CLIR (Calling Line Identification Restriction)
 Call Forwarding (Always, Busy and No Answer)
 Call Barring (Incoming / Outgoing)
 Hotline
 DND (Do Not Disturb)
 Call Transfer
 MWI (Message Waiting Indicator) (RFC-3842)
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Vigor2760 Series User’s Guide
1.2 Package and Content
 Antenna (n models)
 CD
 RJ-45 Cable
 Quick Start Guide
(Ethernet)

Use only the supplied PSU suitable for your country. If you lose it, obtain an original
replacement only from a DrayTek dealer. Using unapproved accessories can damage your
unit and invalidates your warranty.
UK-type Power Adapter
For the Vigor 2760Vn model, you will additionally have two RJ11-BT adaptors (to plug in
phones) and an RJ11-BT plug cable, for connecting to the analogue phone line for voice calls.
Vigor2760 Series User’s Guide
4
1.3 LED Indicators and Connectors
Before you use the Vigor router, we recommend that you get acquainted with the LED
indicators and connectors:
1.3.1 For Vigor2760
LED
(ACT)
DSL (Green)
Status
Explanation
Blinking
The router is powered on and running normally.
Off
The router is powered off.
On
The DSL port is connected.
Blinking
(Slowly)
Blinking
(Quickly)
The router is ready.
On (Green)
The port is connected.
Blinking
(Green)
The data is transmitting.
On
A USB device is connected and active.
The connection is training.
~
LAN1/2/3/4
~
USB1/2
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Vigor2760 Series User’s Guide
Interface
PWR
I/O
Description
Connector for power adapter.
Power switch.
Factory Reset
Restore the default settings. Usage: Turn on the router (ACT LED is
blinking). Press the hole and keep for more than 5 seconds. When you
see the ACT LED begins to blink rapidly than usual, release the button.
Then the router will restart with the factory default configuration.
RJ11 connector for accessing the Internet.
Connector for USB storage device, printer or 3G/4G modem (WAN3)
RJ-45 Gigabit Ethernet connectors for local network devices. When
WAN2 is enabled, LAN Port 4 becomes WAN2 (Ethernet) and WAN1
(RJ11) is disabled.
VDSL/ADSL
USB (1-2)
LAN (1-4)
Or WAN2
Vigor2760 Series User’s Guide
6
1.3.2 For Vigor2760n
LED
(Activity)
(Wireless LAN
On/Off/WPS)
DSL (Green)
~
LAN1/2/3/4
~
Status
Explanation
Blinking
The router is powered on and running normally.
Off
The router is powered off.
On (Green)
The wireless access point is ready.
Blinking
(Green)
Blinking
(Orange)
The data is transmitting via wireless connection.
Off
The wireless access point is turned off.
On
The DSL port is connected.
Blinking
(Slowly)
Blinking
(Quickly)
The router is ready.
On
The port is connected.
Blinking
(Green)
The data is transmitting.
On
A USB device is connected and active.
Blinks with one second cycle for two minutes. The WPS
function is active.
The router is trying to connect to Internet.
USB1/2
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Vigor2760 Series User’s Guide
Interface
Description
PWR
Connector for power adapter.
I/O
Power switch.
Factory Reset
Restore the default settings. Usage: Turn on the router (ACT LED is
blinking). Press the hole and keep for more than 5 seconds. When you see
the ACT LED begins to blink rapidly than usual, release the button. Then
the router will restart with the factory default configuration.
WLAN
ON/OFF/WPS
WLAN WPS - Press this button for 2 seconds to wait for client device making
network connection through WPS. When the LED lights up, the WPS connection
will be on.
WLAN ON/OFF - Press the button once to enable (WLAN LED on) or disable
(WLAN LED off) wireless connection.
VDSL/ADSL
RJ-11 connector for accessing the Internet (WAN1)
USB (1-2)
Connector for USB storage device, printer or 3G/4G modem (WAN3)
LAN (1-4)
RJ-45 Gigabit Ethernet connectors for local network devices. When
WAN2 is enabled, LAN Port 4 becomes WAN2 (Ethernet) and WAN1
(RJ11) is disabled.
(or WAN2)
Vigor2760 Series User’s Guide
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1.3.3 For Vigor2760Vn
LED
Status
Blinking
Explanation
The router is powered on and running normally.
Off
The router is powered off.
On
Off
A PSTN phone call comes (in and out). However, when
the phone call is disconnected, the LED will be off for
awhile.
There is no PSTN phone call.
On
The phone connected to this port is off-hook.
Off
The phone connected to this port is on-hook.
Blinking
A phone call comes.
On (Green)
The wireless access point is ready.
Blinking
(Green)
Blinking
(Orange)
Off
The data is transmitting via wireless connection.
On
The DSL port is connected.
Blinking
(Slowly)
The router is ready.
Blinking
(Quickly)
The router is trying to connect to Internet.
On
The port is connected.
Blinking
(Green)
The data is transmitting.
On
A USB device is connected and active.
(ACT)
(LINE)
(Phone1/Phone2)
(Wireless LAN
On/Off/WPS)
DSL (Green)
~
LAN1/2/3/4
~
Blinks with one second cycle for two minutes. The WPS
function is active.
The wireless access point is turned off.
USB1/2
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Vigor2760 Series User’s Guide
Interface
PWR
I/O
Description
Connector for a power adapter.
Power switch.
Factory Reset
Restore the default settings. Usage: Turn on the router (ACT LED is
blinking). Press the hole and keep for more than 5 seconds. When you
see the ACT LED begins to blink rapidly than usual, release the button.
Then the router will restart with the factory default configuration.
WLAN WPS - Press this button for 2 seconds to wait for client device making
WLAN
ON/OFF/WPS
network connection through WPS. When the LED lights up, the WPS
connection will be on.
WLAN ON/OFF - Press the button once to enable (WLAN LED on) or disable
(WLAN LED off) wireless connection.
VDSL/ADSL
USB (1-2)
LAN (1-4)
(or WAN2)
RJ-11 connector for accessing the Internet (WAN1)
Connector for USB storage, printer or 3G/4G modem (WAN3)
RJ-45 (Gigabit Ethernet) connectors for local network devices. When
WAN2 is enabled, LAN Port 4 becomes WAN2 (Ethernet) and WAN1
(RJ11) is disabled.
Interface
LINE
Phone1/Phone2
Description
Connector for PSTN life line.
Connector of analog phone for VoIP communication.
Vigor2760 Series User’s Guide
10
1.4 Hardware Installation
Before starting to configure the router, you have to connect your devices correctly.
1.
Connect the xDSL interface to the external XDSL splitter with an XDSL line cable for
all models. For Vigor2760Vn, also connect Line interface to external XDSL splitter.
2.
Connect one port of 4-port switch to your computer with a RJ-45 cable. This device
allows you to connect 4 PCs directly.
3.
Connect Phone port to a conventional analog telephone (for V model only).
4.
Connect detachable antennas to the router for Vigor2760 series (for n model only).
5.
Connect one end of the power cord to the power port of this device. Connect the other
end to the wall outlet of electricity.
6.
Power on the router.
7.
Check the ACT and DSL, LAN LEDs to assure network connection.
(For the hardware connection, we take “n” model as an example.)
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Vigor2760 Series User’s Guide
1.5 Printer Installation
You can install a printer onto the router for sharing printing. All the PCs connected this router
can print documents via the router. The example provided here is made based on Windows XP.
For other operating systems, please visit www.draytek.co.uk for the latest guides.
Before using it, please follow the steps below to configure settings for connected computers
(or wireless clients).
1.
Connect the printer with the router through USB/parallel port.
2.
Open All Programs>>Getting Started>>Devices and Printers.
Vigor2760 Series User’s Guide
12
3.
Click Add a printer.
4.
A dialog will appear. Click Add a local printer and click Next.
5.
In this dialog, choose Create a new port. In the field of Type of port, use the drop
down list to select Standard TCP/IP Port. Then, click Next.
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6.
In the following dialog, type 192.168.1.1 (router’s LAN IP) in the field of Hostname or
IP Address and type 192.168.1.1 as the Port name. Then, click Next.
7.
Click Standard and choose Generic Network Card.
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8.
Now, your system will ask you to choose right name of the printer that you installed onto
the router. Such step can make correct driver loaded onto your PC. When you finish the
selection, click Next.
9.
Type a name for the chosen printer. Click Next.
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10. Choose Do not share this printer and click Next.
11. Then, in the following dialog, click Finish.
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12. The new printer has been added and displayed under Printers and Faxes. Click the new
printer icon and click Printer server properties.
13. Edit the property of the new printer you have added by clicking Configure Port.
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14. Select "LPR" on Protocol, type p1 (number 1) as Queue Name. Then click OK. Next
please refer to the red rectangle for choosing the correct protocol and LPR name.
The printer can be used for printing now. Most of the printers with different manufacturers are
compatible with vigor router.
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Note 1: Some printers with the fax/scanning or other additional functions are not supported.
If you do not know whether your printer is supported or not, please visit www.draytek.com
to find out the printer list. Open Support >FAQ/Application Notes; find out the link of
USB>>Printer Server and click it.
Then, click the What types of printers are compatible with Vigor router? link.
Note 2: Vigor router supports printing request from computers via LAN ports but not WAN
port.
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This page is left blank.
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Quick Setup
2.1 Accessing Web Page
1.
Make sure your PC connects to the router correctly.
You may either simply set up your computer to get IP dynamically from the router or set
up the IP address of the computer to be the same subnet as the default IP address of
Vigor router 192.168.1.1. For the detailed information, please refer to the later section Trouble Shooting of the guide.
2.
Open a web browser on your PC and type http://192.168.1.1. The following window
will be open to ask for username and password.
3.
Please type “admin/admin” as the Username/Password and click Login.
Notice: If you fail to access to the web configuration, please go to “Trouble
Shooting” for detecting and solving your problem.
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4.
Now, the Main Screen will appear.
Note: The home page will be different slightly in accordance with the type of the
router you have.
5.
The web page can be logged out according to the chosen condition. The default setting is
Auto Logout, which means the web configuration system will logout after 5 minutes
without any operation. Change the setting for your necessity.
2.2 Changing Password
Please change the password for the original security of the router.
1.
Open a web browser on your PC and type http://192.168.1.1. A pop-up window will
open to ask for username and password.
2.
Please type “admin/admin” as Username/Password for accessing into the web user
interface with admin mode.
3.
Go to System Maintenance page and choose Administrator Password.
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4.
Enter the login password (the default is “admin”) on the field of Old Password. Type
New Password and Confirm Password. Then click OK to continue.
Note: The maximum length of the password you can set is 23 characters.
5.
Now, the password has been changed. Next time, use the new password to access the
Web user interface for this router.
Note: Even the password is changed, the Username for logging onto the web user
interface is still “admin”.
2.3 Introducing Dashboard
Dashboard shows the connection status including System Information, IPv4 Internet Access,
IPv6 Internet Access, Interface (physical connection), Security and Quick Access.
Click Dashboard from the main menu on the left side of the main page.
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A web page with default selections will be displayed on the screen. Refer to the following
figure:
2.3.1 Virtual Panel
On the top of the Dashboard, a virtual panel (simulating the physical panel of the router)
displays the physical interface connection. It will be refreshed every five seconds.
The LED lights or blinks according to the physical connection on the router. For detailed
information about the LED display, refer to 1.2 LED Indicators and Connectors.
2.3.2 Name with a Link
A name with a link (e.g., Router Name, Current Time, WAN1 and etc.) below means you can
click it to open the configuration page for modification.
2.3.3 Quick Access for Common Used Menu
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All the menu items can be accessed and arranged orderly on the left side of the main page for
your request. However, some important and common used menu items which can be
accessed in a quick way just for convenience.
Look at the right side of the Dashboard. You will find a group of common used functions
grouped under Quick Access.
The function links of System Status, Dynamic DDNS, TR-069, IM/P2P Block, Schedule,
Syslog/Mail Alert, RADIUS, Firewall Object Setting and Data Flow Monitor are displayed
here. Move your mouse cursor on any one of the links and click on it. The corresponding
setting page will be open immediately.
Note that there is a plus ( ) icon located on the left side of VPN/LAN/WLAN. Click it to
review the VPN/LAN/WLAN connection(s) used presently.
Host connected physically to the router via LAN port(s) will be displayed with green circles in
the field of Connected.
All of the hosts (including wireless clients) displayed with Host ID, IP Address and MAC
address indicates that the traffic would be transmitted through LAN port(s) and then the WAN
port. The purpose is to perform the traffic monitor of the host(s).
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2.3.4 GUI Map
All the functions the router supports are listed with table clearly in this page. Users can click
the function link to access into the setting page of the function for detailed configuration.
Click the icon on the top of the main screen to display all the functions.
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2.3.5 Web Console
It is not necessary to use the telnet command via DOS prompt. The changes made by using
web console have the same effects as modified through web user interface. The
functions/settings modified under Web Console also can be reviewed on the web user
interface.
Click the Web Console icon on the top of the main screen to open the following screen.
2.3.6 Config Backup
There is one way to store current used settings quickly by clicking the Config Backup icon. It
allows you to backup current settings as a file. Such configuration file can be restored by using
System Maintenance>>Configuration Backup.
Simply click the icon on the top of the main screen and a pop up dialog will appear.
Click Save to store the setting.
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2.3.7 Logout
Click this icon to exit the web user interface.
2.4 Configuring WAN for Accessing Internet
For accessing Internet, you have to configure WAN settings including General Setup and
Internet Access. Follow the steps below:
1. Open WAN>>General Setup.
2. If the hardware connection for Vigor2760 is the same as shown in section 1.3 Hardware
Installation, simply click WAN1 link to open the following page.
3. Make sure WAN1 interface is enabled and click OK to exit.
4. Open WAN>>Internet Access.
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5. Click Details Page of WAN1. According to the information offered by your ISP, click
PPPoE/PPPoA, MPoA/Static or Dynamic or IPv6 tab to open the following page.
6. Fill in the required information offered by your ISP. Then click OK to save the settings
7. The router will restart to activate the settings configured here.
8. Now, you can surf the Internet whenever you want.
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2.5 Online Status
2.5.1 Physical Connection
Such page displays the physical connection status such as LAN connection status, WAN
connection status, ADSL information, and so on.
Physical Connection for IPv4 Protocol
Note: If the firmware which supports Vectoring has been installed to your Vigor router,
you will see a short message of “with Vectoring support” near to VDLS2 Information.
Such feature is available for VDSL2 only.
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Physical Connection for IPv6 Protocol
Detailed explanation (for IPv4) is shown below:
Item
Description
LAN Status
Primary DNS-Displays the primary DNS server address
for WAN interface.
Secondary DNS -Displays the secondary DNS server
address for WAN interface.
IP Address-Displays the IP address of the LAN interface.
TX Packets-Displays the total transmitted packets at the
LAN interface.
RX Packets-Displays the total received packets at the LAN
interface.
WAN1/WAN2/WAN3
Status
Enable – Yes in red means such interface is available but
not enabled. Yes in green means such interface is enabled.
Line – Displays the physical connection (VDSL, ADSL,
Ethernet, or USB) of this interface.
Name – Display the name of the router.
Mode - Displays the type of WAN connection (e.g.,
PPPoE).
Up Time - Displays the total uptime of the interface.
IP - Displays the IP address of the WAN interface.
GW IP - Displays the IP address of the default gateway.
TX Packets - Displays the total transmitted packets at the
WAN interface.
TX Rate - Displays the speed of transmitted octets at the
WAN interface.
RX Packets - Displays the total number of received packets
at the WAN interface.
RX Rate - Displays the speed of received octets at the
WAN interface.
Detailed explanation (for IPv6) is shown below:
Item
Description
LAN Status
IP Address- Displays the IPv6 address of the LAN
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Item
Description
interface..
TX Packets-Displays the total transmitted packets at the
LAN interface.
RX Packets-Displays the total received packets at the LAN
interface.
TX Bytes - Displays the speed of transmitted octets at the
LAN interface.
RX Bytes - Displays the speed of received octets at the
LAN interface.
WAN IPv6 Status
Enable – No in red means such interface is available but
not enabled. Yes in green means such interface is enabled.
No in red means such interface is not available.
Mode - Displays the type of WAN connection (e.g., TSPC).
Up Time - Displays the total uptime of the interface.
IP - Displays the IP address of the WAN interface.
Gateway IP - Displays the IP address of the default
gateway.
Note: The words in green mean that the WAN connection of that interface is ready for
accessing Internet; the words in red mean that the WAN connection of that interface is not
ready for accessing Internet.
2.5.2 Virtual WAN
Such page displays the virtual WAN connection information.
Virtual WAN are used by TR-069 management, VoIP service and so on.
The field of Application will list the purpose of such WAN connection.
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2.6 Saving Configuration
Each time you click OK on the web page for saving the configuration, you can find messages
showing the system interaction with you.
Ready indicates the system is ready for you to input settings.
Settings Saved means your settings are saved once you click Finish or OK button.
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This page is left blank.
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Advanced Configuration
This chapter will guide users to execute web configuration.
1.
Open a web browser on your PC and type http://192.168.1.1. The window will ask for
typing username and password.
2.
Please type “admin/admin” on Username/Password for administration operation.
Now, the Main Screen will appear. Note that different model will have different web pages.
3.1 WAN
Quick Start Wizard offers user an easy method to quick setup the connection mode for the
router. Moreover, if you want to adjust more settings for different WAN modes, please go to
WAN group.
3.1.1 Basics of Internet Protocol (IP) Network
IP means Internet Protocol. Every device in an IP-based Network including routers, print
server, and host PCs, needs an IP address to identify its location on the network. To avoid
address conflicts, IP addresses are publicly registered with the Network Information Centre
(NIC). Having a unique IP address is mandatory for those devices participated in the public
network but not in the private TCP/IP local area networks (LANs), such as host PCs under the
management of a router since they do not need to be accessed by the public. Hence, the NIC
has reserved certain addresses that will never be registered publicly. These are known as
private IP addresses, and are listed in the following ranges:
From 10.0.0.0 to 10.255.255.255
From 172.16.0.0 to 172.31.255.255
From 192.168.0.0 to 192.168.255.255
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What are Public IP Address and Private IP Address
As the router plays a role to manage and further protect its LAN, it interconnects groups of
host PCs. Each of them has a private IP address assigned by the built-in DHCP server of the
Vigor router. The router itself will also use the default private IP address: 192.168.1.1 to
communicate with the local hosts. Meanwhile, Vigor router will communicate with other
network devices through a public IP address. When the data flow passing through, the
Network Address Translation (NAT) function of the router will dedicate to translate
public/private addresses, and the packets will be delivered to the correct host PC in the local
area network. Thus, all the host PCs can share a common Internet connection.
Get Your Public IP Address from ISP
In ADSL deployment, the PPP (Point to Point)-style authentication and authorization is
required for bridging customer premises equipment (CPE). Point to Point Protocol over
Ethernet (PPPoE) connects a network of hosts via an access device to a remote access
concentrator or aggregation concentrator. This implementation provides users with significant
ease of use. Meanwhile it provides access control, billing, and type of service according to
user requirement.
When a router begins to connect to your ISP, a serial of discovery process will occur to ask for
a connection. Then a session will be created. Your user ID and password is authenticated via
PAP or CHAP with RADIUS authentication system. And your IP address, DNS server, and
other related information will usually be assigned by your ISP.
Network Connection by 3G/4G USB Modem
By connecting an optional 3G/4G (LTE) USB Modem, the Vigor 2760 can support cellular
network connections. Vigor2760n with 3G USB Modem allows you to receive 3G signals at
any place such as your car or certain location holding outdoor activity and share the bandwidth
for using by more people. Users can use four LAN ports on the router to access Internet. Also,
they can access Internet via 802.11n wireless function of Vigor2760n, and enjoy the powerful
firewall, bandwidth management, VPN features of Vigor2760n series.
After connecting into the router, 3G USB Modem will be regarded as the third WAN port.
However, the original WAN1 and WAN2 still can be used and Load-Balance can be done in
the router. Besides, 3G USB Modem in WAN3 also can be used as backup device. Therefore,
when WAN1 and WAN2 are not available, the router will use 3.5G for supporting
automatically. The supported 3G USB Modem will be listed at www.draytek.co.uk
Below shows the menu items for WAN.
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3.1.2 General Setup
This section will introduce some general settings of Internet and explain the connection modes
for WAN1, WAN2 and WAN3 in details.
This router supports multiple-WAN function. It allows users to access Internet and combine
the bandwidth of the multiple WANs to speed up the transmission through the network. Each
WAN port can connect to different ISPs, Even if the ISPs use different technology to provide
telecommunication service (such as DSL, Cable modem, etc.). If any connection problem
occurred on one of the ISP connections, all the traffic will be guided and switched to the
normal communication port for proper operation. Please configure WAN1, WAN2, and
WAN3 settings.
This webpage allows you to set general setup for WAN1, WAN2, and WAN3 respectively. In
default, WAN2 is disabled. If you want to enable it, simply click the WAN2 link and select
Yes in the field of Enable.
Available settings are explained as follows:
Item
Description
Index
Click the WAN interface link under Index to access into the
WAN configuration page.
Enable
V means such WAN interface is enabled and ready to be
used.
Physical Mode / Type
Display the physical mode and physical type of such WAN
interface.
Note: In default, each WAN port is enabled.
After finished the above settings, click OK to save the settings.
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WAN1 with ADSL/VDSL
Vigor router will detect the physical line is connected by ADSL or VDSL2 automatically.
Therefore, this page allows you to configure settings for ADSL and VDSL2 at one time. That
is, it is not necessary for you to configure different profile settings for ADSL and VDSL2
respectively.
Available settings are explained as follows:
Item
Description
Enable
Choose Yes to invoke the settings for this WAN interface.
Choose No to disable the settings for this WAN interface.
Display Name
Type the description for such interface.
Physical Mode
Display the physical mode of such interface. If VDSL2 is
detected, this field will display “VDSL2”; if ADSL is
detected, it will display “ADSL”.
DSL Mode
Specify the physical mode (VDSL or ADSL) for such
router manually.
Physical Type
For such interface, no type can be selected.
DSL Modem Code
Choose the correct DSL modem code for ensuring the
network connection.
If you have no idea about the selection, simply choose
Default or contact the dealer for assistance.
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VLAN Tag insertion
(ADSL)
The settings configured in this field are available for ADSL.
Enable – Enable the function of VLAN with tag.
The router will add specific VLAN number to all packets
on the WAN while sending them out.
Please type the tag value and specify the priority for the
packets sending by WAN1.
Disable – Disable the function of VLAN with tag.
Tag value – Type the value as the VLAN ID number. The
range is form 0 to 4095.
Priority – Type the packet priority number for such VLAN.
The range is from 0 to 7.
VLAN Tag insertion
(VDSL2)
The settings configured in this field are available for
VDSL2.
Enable – Enable the function of VLAN with tag.
The router will add specific VLAN number to all packets
on the WAN while sending them out.
Please type the tag value and specify the priority for the
packets sending by WAN1.
Disable – Disable the function of VLAN with tag.
Tag value – Type the value as the VLAN ID number. The
range is form 0 to 4095.
Priority – Type the packet priority number for such VLAN.
The range is from 0 to 7.
After finished the above settings, click OK to save the settings.
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WAN2 with Ethernet
The physical LAN4 port can be treated as a WAN interface, named WAN2.
WAN1
WAN3
WAN2
When WAN2 is enabled, WAN1 (DSL) will be disabled automatically.
Available settings are explained as follows:
Item
Description
Enable
Choose Yes to invoke the settings for this WAN interface.
Choose No to disable the settings for this WAN interface.
Display Name
Type the description for such WAN interface.
Physical Mode
Display the physical mode of such WAN interface.
Physical Type
You can change the physical type for WAN2 or choose
Auto negotiation for determined by the system.
VLAN Tag insertion
Enable – Enable the function of VLAN with tag.
The router will add specific VLAN number to all packets on
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40
the WAN while sending them out.
Please type the tag value and specify the priority for the
packets sending by WAN1.
Disable – Disable the function of VLAN with tag.
Tag value – Type the value as the VLAN ID number. The
range is form 0 to 4095.
Priority – Type the packet priority number for such VLAN.
The range is from 0 to 7.
After finished the above settings, click OK to save the settings.
WAN3 with USB
To use 3G/4G network connection through 3G/4G USB Modem, please configure WAN3
interface.
Available settings are explained as follows:
Item
Description
Enable
Choose Yes to invoke the settings for this WAN interface.
Choose No to disable the settings for this WAN interface.
Display Name
Type the description for such WAN interface.
Physical Mode
Display the physical mode of such WAN interface.
After finished the above settings, click OK to save the settings.
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3.1.3 Internet Access
For the router supports multi-WAN function, the users can set different WAN settings (for
WAN1/WAN2/WAN3) for Internet Access.
Understand your WAN Ports: WAN1 is the RJ11 port supporting ADSL or VDSL.
WAN2 is Ethernet switchable with LAN4 and WAN3 is the USB port using an optional
3G/4G modem. You cannot enable WAN1 and WAN2 at the same time.
Due to different Physical Mode for WAN interface, the Access Mode for these connections
also varies. Refer to the following figures.
Available settings are explained as follows:
Item
Description
Index
Display the WAN interface.
Display Name
It shows the name of the WAN1/WAN2/WAN3 that
entered in general setup.
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Physical Mode
It shows the physical connection for
WAN1(ADSL/VDSL2) / WAN2 (Ethernet) /WAN3
(3G/4G USB Modem) according to the real network
connection.
Access Mode
Use the drop down list to choose a proper access mode. The
details page of that mode will be popped up. If not, click
Details Page for accessing the page to configure the
settings.
Details Page
This button will open different web page (based on IPv4)
according to the access mode that you choose in WAN
interface.
Note that Details Page will be changed slightly based on
ADSL/VDSL2 physical mode specified on
WAN>>General Setup.
IPv6
This button will open different web page (based on Physical
Mode) to setup IPv6 Internet Access Mode for WAN
interface.
If IPv6 service is active on this WAN interface, the color of
“IPv6” will become green.
Advanced
This button allows you to configure DHCP client options.
DHCP packets can be processed by adding option number
and data information when such function is enabled and
configured.
Enable/Disable – Enable/Disable the function of DHCP
Option. Each DHCP option is composed by an option
number with data. For example,
Option number:100
Data: abcd
When such function is enabled, the specified values for
DHCP option will be seen in DHCP reply packets.
Interface – Specify the WAN interface(s) that will be
overwritten by such function. WAN4 ~ WAN6 can be
located under WAN>>Multi-PVC.
Option Number – Type a number for such function.
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Note: If you choose to configure option 61 here, the
detailed settings in WAN>>Interface Access will be
overwritten.
DataType – Choose the type (ASCII or Hex) for the data to
be stored.
Data – Type the content of the data to be processed by the
function of DHCP option.
Details Page for PPPoE in WAN1 (Physical Mode: VDSL2)
To choose PPPoE as the accessing protocol of the Internet, please select PPPoE from the
WAN>>Internet Access >>WAN1 page. The following web page will be shown.
Available settings are explained as follows:
Item
Description
Enable/Disable
Click Enable for activating this function. If you click
Disable, this function will be closed and all the settings that
you adjusted in this page will be invalid.
ISP Access Setup
Enter your allocated username, password and authentication
parameters according to the information provided by your
ISP.
Username – Type in the username provided by ISP in this
field.
Password – Type in the password provided by ISP in this
field.
Index (1-15) in Schedule Setup - You can type in four sets
of time schedule for your request. All the schedules can be
set previously in Application >> Schedule web page and
you can use the number that you have set in that web page.
WAN Connection
Detection
Such function allows you to verify whether network
connection is alive or not through ARP Detect or Ping
Detect.
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Mode – Choose ARP Detect or Ping Detect for the system
to execute for WAN detection.
Ping IP – If you choose Ping Detect as detection mode, you
have to type IP address in this field for pinging.
TTL (Time to Live) – Displays value for your reference.
TTL value is set by telnet command.
MTU
It means Max Transmit Unit for packet. The default setting
is 1442.
PPP/MP Setup
PPP Authentication – Select PAP only or PAP or CHAP
for PPP.
Idle Timeout – Set the timeout for breaking down the
Internet after passing through the time without any action.
IP Address Assignment
Method (IPCP)
Usually ISP dynamically assigns IP address to you each
time you connect to it and request. In some case, your ISP
provides service to always assign you the same IP address
whenever you request. In this case, you can fill in this IP
address in the Fixed IP field. Please contact your ISP before
you want to use this function.
Fixed IP – Click Yes to use this function and type in a
fixed IP address in the box of Fixed IP Address.
Default MAC Address – You can use Default MAC
Address or specify another MAC address by typing on the
boxes of MAC Address for the router.
Specify a MAC Address – Type the MAC address for the
router manually.
Details Page for Static or Dynamic IP in WAN1 (Physical Mode: VDSL2)
MPoA is a specification that enables ATM services to be integrated with existing LANs,
which use either Ethernet, token-ring or TCP/IP protocols. The goal of MPoA is to allow
different LANs to send packets to each other via an ATM backbone.
To use Static or Dynamic IP as the accessing protocol of the Internet, select Static or
Dynamic IP from the WAN>>Internet Access >>WAN1 page. The following web page will
appear.
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Available settings are explained as follows:
Item
Description
Enable/Disable
Click Enable for activating this function. If you click
Disable, this function will be closed and all the settings that
you adjusted in this page will be invalid.
WAN Connection
Detection
Such function allows you to verify whether network
connection is alive or not through ARP Detect or Ping
Detect.
Mode – Choose ARP Detect or Ping Detect for the system
to execute for WAN detection.
Ping IP – If you choose Ping Detect as detection mode, you
have to type IP address in this field for pinging.
TTL (Time to Live) – Displays value for your reference.
TTL value is set by telnet command.
Bridge Mode
If you choose Bridged IP as the protocol, you can check
this box to invoke the function. The router will work as a
bridge modem.
WAN IP Network
Settings
This group allows you to obtain an IP address automatically
and allows you type in IP address manually.
Obtain an IP address automatically – Click this button to
obtain the IP address automatically.
 Router Name – Type in the router name
provided by ISP.
 Domain Name – Type in the domain name that
you have assigned.
Specify an IP address – Click this radio button to specify
some data.
 IP Address – Type in the private IP address.
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

Subnet Mask – Type in the subnet mask.
Gateway IP Address – Type in gateway IP
address.
Default MAC Address – Type in MAC address for the
router. You can use Default MAC Address or specify
another MAC address for your necessity.
Specify a MAC Address – Type in the MAC address for
the router manually.
DNS Server IP Address
Type in the primary IP address for the router. If necessary,
type in secondary IP address for necessity in the future.
After finishing all the settings here, please click OK to activate them.
Details Page for PPTP/L2TP in WAN1 (Physical Mode: VDSL2)
To use PPTP/L2TP as the accessing protocol of the internet, please click the PPTP/L2TP tab
(L2TP is not used in the UK for Internet access). The following web page will be shown:
Available settings are explained as follows:
Item
Description
PPTP/L2TP
Enable PPTP- Click this radio button to enable a PPTP
client to establish a tunnel to a DSL modem on the WAN
interface.
Enable L2TP – Not used in the UK
Server Address and Gateway IP Address are not
normally needed and are set automatically.
ISP Access Setup
Username -Type in the username provided by ISP in this
field.
Password -Type in the password provided by ISP in this
field.
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Index (1-15) in Schedule Setup - You can type in four sets
of time schedule for your request. All the schedules can be
set previously in Application >> Schedule web page and
you can use the number that you have set in that web page.
MTU
It means Max Transmit Unit for packet. The default setting
is 1442. Do not change it unless you understand why.
PPP Setup
PPP Authentication - Select PAP only or PAP or CHAP
for PPP.
Idle Timeout - Set the timeout for breaking down the
Internet after passing through the time without any action.
IP Address Assignment
Method(IPCP)
Fixed IP - Usually ISPs dynamically assigns IP address to
you each time you connect to it and request. In some case,
your ISP provides service to always assign you the same IP
address whenever you request. In this case, you can fill in
this IP address in the Fixed IP field. Please contact your ISP
before you want to use this function. Click Yes to use this
function and type in a fixed IP address in the box.
Fixed IP Address -Type a fixed IP address.
WAN IP Network
Settings
Obtain an IP address automatically – Click this button to
obtain the IP address automatically.
Specify an IP address – Click this radio button to specify
some data.
 IP Address – Type the IP address.
 Subnet Mask – Type the subnet mask.
After finishing all the settings here, please click OK to activate them.
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Details Page for PPPoE/PPPoA in WAN1 (Physical Mode: ADSL)
Available settings are explained as follows:
Item
Description
Enable/Disable
Click Enable for activating this function. If you click
Disable, this function will be closed and all the settings that
you adjusted in this page will be invalid.
Modem Settings
(for ADSL only)
Set up the DSL parameters required by your ISP. These
settings configured here are specified for ADSL only.
Multi-PVC channel - The selections displayed here are
determined by the page of Internet Access >> Multi
PVCs. Select M-PVCs Channel means no selection will be
chosen.
VPI - Type in the value provided by ISP.
VCI - Type in the value provided by ISP.
(Both of these are pre-set by default to the most common
settings for UK ISPs)
Encapsulating Type - Drop down the list to choose the
type provided by ISP.
Protocol - Drop down the list to choose the one (PPPoE or
PPPoA) provided by ISP.
In the UK, PPoA is used most commonly for ADSL and
PPPoE for VDSL, but check with your ISP.
Modulation –Default setting is Multimode. Choose the one
that fits the requirement of your router.
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PPPoE Pass-through
The router offers PPPoE dial-up connection. Besides, you
also can establish the PPPoE connection directly from local
clients to your ISP via the Vigor router. When PPPoA
protocol is selected, the PPPoE package transmitted by PC
will be transformed into PPPoA package and sent to WAN
server. Thus, the PC can access Internet through such
direction.
For Wired LAN – If you check this box, PCs on the same
network can use another set of PPPoE session (different
with the Host PC) to access into Internet.
For Wireless LAN – It is available for n model. If you
check this box, PCs on the same wireless network can use
another set of PPPoE session (different with the Host PC) to
access into Internet.
Note: To have PPPoA Pass-through, please choose PPPoA
protocol and check the box(es) here. The router will behave
like a modem which only serves the PPPoE client on the
LAN.
WAN Connection
Detection
Such function allows you to verify whether network
connection is alive or not through ARP Detect or Ping
Detect.
Mode – Choose ARP Detect or Ping Detect for the system
to execute for WAN detection.
Ping IP – If you choose Ping Detect as detection mode, you
have to type IP address in this field for pinging.
TTL (Time to Live) – Displays value for your reference.
TTL value is set by telnet command.
MTU
It means Max Transmit Unit for packet. The default setting
is 1442.
ISP Access Setup
Enter your allocated username, password and authentication
parameters according to the information provided by your
ISP.
Username – Type in the username provided by ISP in this
field.
Password – Type in the password provided by ISP in this
field.
Separate Account for ADSL – In default, WAN1 supports
VDSL2/ADSL and uses the same PPPoE account and
password for connection. If required, you can configure
another account and password for ADSL connection by
checking this box. If it is checked, the system will ask you
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to type another group of account and password additionally.
PPP Authentication – Select PAP only or PAP or CHAP
for PPP.
Idle Timeout – Set the timeout for breaking down the
Internet after passing through the time without any action.
IP Address From ISP
Usually ISP dynamically assigns IP address to you each
time you connect to it and request. In some case, your ISP
provides service to always assign you the same IP address
whenever you request. In this case, you can fill in this IP
address in the Fixed IP field.
Default MAC Address – You can use Default MAC
Address or specify another MAC address by typing on the
boxes of MAC Address for the router.
Specify a MAC Address – Type the MAC address for the
router manually.
Index (1-15) in Schedule Setup - You can type in four sets
of time schedule for your request. All the schedules can be
set previously in Applications >> Schedule web page and
you can use the number that you have set in that web page.
After finishing all the settings here, please click OK to activate them.
Details Page for MPoA/Static or Dynamic IP in WAN1 (Physical Mode:
ADSL)
MPoA is a specification that enables ATM services to be integrated with existing LANs,
which use either Ethernet, token-ring or TCP/IP protocols. The goal of MPoA is to allow
different LANs to send packets to each other via an ATM backbone.
To use MPoA/Static or Dynamic IP as the accessing protocol of the Internet, select MPoA
/Static or Dynamic IP from the WAN>>Internet Access >>WAN1 page. The following web
page will appear.
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Available settings are explained as follows:
Item
Description
Enable/Disable
Click Enable for activating this function. If you click
Disable, this function will be closed and all the settings that
you adjusted in this page will be invalid.
Modem Settings (for
ADSL only)
Set up the DSL parameters required by your ISP. These
settings configured here are specified for ADSL only.
Multi-PVC channel - The selections displayed here are
determined by the page of Internet Access >>Multi PVCs.
Select M-PVCs Channel means no selection will be
chosen.
Encapsulating - Drop down the list to choose the type
provided by ISP.
VPI - Type in the value provided by ISP.
VCI - Type in the value provided by ISP.
Modulation –Default setting is Multimode (automatic).
Choose the one that fits the requirement of your router.
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WAN Connection
Detection
Such function allows you to verify whether network
connection is alive or not through ARP Detect or Ping
Detect (also used for 3G failover).
Mode – Choose ARP Detect or Ping Detect for the system
to execute for WAN detection.
Ping IP – If you choose Ping Detect as detection mode, you
have to type IP address in this field for pinging.
TTL (Time to Live) – Displays value for your reference.
TTL value is set by telnet command.
MTU
It means Max Transmit Unit for packet. The default setting
is 1492. Do not change this unless you understand why.
Bridge Mode
If you choose Bridged IP as the protocol, you can check
this box to invoke the function. The router will work as a
bridge modem.
DNS Server IP Address
Type in the primary IP address for the router. If necessary,
type in secondary IP address for necessity in the future.
After finishing all the settings here, please click OK to activate them.
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Details Page for PPPoE in WAN2
To choose PPPoE as the accessing protocol of the Internet (nornmally used for VDSL),
select PPPoE from the WAN>>Internet Access >>WAN2 page. The following web page
will be shown.
Available settings are explained as follows:
Item
Description
Enable/Disable
Click Enable for activating this function. If you click
Disable, this function will be closed and all the settings that
you adjusted in this page will be invalid.
ISP Access Setup
Enter your allocated username, password and authentication
parameters according to the information provided by your
ISP.
Username – Type in the username provided by ISP in this
field.
The maximum length of the user name you can set is 63
characters.
Password – Type in the password provided by ISP in this
field.
The maximum length of the password you can set is 62
characters.
Index (1-15) in Schedule Setup - You can type in four sets
of time schedule for your request. All the schedules can be
set previously in Application >> Schedule web page and
you can use the number that you have set in that web page.
WAN Connection
Detection
Such function allows you to verify whether network
connection is alive or not through ARP Detect or Ping
Detect.
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Mode – Choose ARP Detect or Ping Detect for the system
to execute for WAN detection.
Ping IP – If you choose Ping Detect as detection mode, you
have to type IP address in this field for pinging.
TTL (Time to Live) – Displays value for your reference.
TTL value is set by telnet command.
MTU
It means Max Transmit Unit for packet. The default setting
is 1492.
PPP/MP Setup
PPP Authentication – Select PAP only or PAP or CHAP
for PPP.
Idle Timeout – Set the timeout for breaking down the
Internet after passing through the time without any action.
IP Address Assignment
Method (IPCP)
Usually ISP dynamically assigns IP address to you each
time you connect to it and request. In some case, your ISP
provides service to always assign you the same IP address
whenever you request. In this case, you can fill in this IP
address in the Fixed IP field. Please contact your ISP before
you want to use this function.
Fixed IP – Click Yes to use this function and type in a
fixed IP address in the box of Fixed IP Address.
Default MAC Address – You can use Default MAC
Address or specify another MAC address by typing on the
boxes of MAC Address for the router.
Specify a MAC Address – Type the MAC address for the
router manually.
After finishing all the settings here, please click OK to activate them.
Details Page for Static or Dynamic IP in WAN2
For static IP mode, you usually receive a fixed public IP address or a public subnet, namely
multiple public IP addresses from your DSL or Cable ISP service providers. In most cases, a
Cable service provider will offer a fixed public IP, while a DSL service provider will offer a
public subnet. If you have a public subnet, you could assign an IP address or many IP address
to the WAN interface.
To use Static or Dynamic IP as the accessing protocol of the internet, please click the Static
or Dynamic IP tab. The following web page will be shown.
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Available settings are explained as follows:
Item
Description
Enable / Disable
Click Enable for activating this function. If you click
Disable, this function will be closed and all the settings that
you adjusted in this page will be invalid.
Keep WAN Connection
Normally, this function is designed for Dynamic IP
environments because some ISPs will drop connections if
there is no traffic within certain periods of time. Check
Enable PING to keep alive box to activate this function.
PING to the IP - If you enable the PING function, please
specify the IP address for the system to PING it for keeping
alive.
PING Interval - Enter the interval for the system to
execute the PING operation.
WAN Connection
Detection
Such function allows you to verify whether network
connection is alive or not through ARP Detect or Ping
Detect.
Mode – Choose ARP Detect or Ping Detect for the system
to execute for WAN detection.
Ping IP – If you choose Ping Detect as detection mode, you
have to type IP address in this field for pinging.
TTL (Time to Live) – Displays value for your reference.
TTL value is set by telnet command.
MTU
It means Max Transmit Unit for packet. The default setting
is 1492.
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WAN IP Network
Settings
This group allows you to obtain an IP address automatically
and allows you type in IP address manually.
Obtain an IP address automatically – Click this button to
obtain the IP address automatically if you want to use
Dynamic IP mode.
 Router Name: Type in the router name provided
by ISP.
 Domain Name: Type in the domain name that
you have assigned.
DHCP Client Identifier for some ISP
 Enable: Check the box to specify username and
password as the DHCP client identifier for some
ISP.
 Username: Type a name as username. The
maximum length of the user name you can set is
63 characters.
 Password: Type a password. The maximum
length of the password you can set is 62
characters.
Specify an IP address – Click this radio button to specify
some data if you want to use Static IP mode.
 IP Address: Type the IP address.
 Subnet Mask: Type the subnet mask.
 Gateway IP Address: Type the gateway IP
address.
Default MAC Address: Click this radio button to use
default MAC address for the router.
Specify a MAC Address: Some Cable service providers
specify a specific MAC address for access authentication.
In such cases you need to click the Specify a MAC
Address and enter the MAC address in the MAC Address
field.
DNS Server IP Address
Type in the primary IP address for the router if you want to
use Static IP mode. If necessary, type in secondary IP
address for necessity in the future.
After finishing all the settings here, please click OK to activate them.
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Details Page for 3G/4G USB Modem (PPP mode) in WAN3
To use 3G/4G USB Modem (PPP mode) as the accessing protocol of the internet, please
choose Internet Access from WAN menu. Then, select 3G/4G USB Modem (PPP mode) for
WAN3. The following web page will be shown.
Available settings are explained as follows:
Item
Description
Modem Support List
It lists all of the modems supported by such router.
3G /4G USB Modem (PPP
mode)
Click Enable for activating this function. If you click
Disable, this function will be closed and all the settings that
you adjusted in this page will be invalid.
SIM PIN code
Type PIN code of the SIM card that will be used to access
Internet.
The maximum length of the PIN code you can set is 15
characters.
Modem Initial String
Such value is used to initialize USB modem. Please use the
default value. If you have any question, please contact to
your ISP.
The maximum length of the string you can set is 47
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characters.
APN Name
APN means Access Point Name which is provided and
required by some ISPs. Type the name and click Apply.
The maximum length of the name you can set is 43
characters.
Modem Initial String2
The initial string 1 is shared with APN.
In some cases, user may need another initial AT command
to restrict 3G band or do any special settings.
The maximum length of the string you can set is 47
characters.
Modem Dial String
Such value is used to dial through USB mode. Please use
the default value. If you have any question, please contact
to your ISP.
The maximum length of the string you can set is 31
characters.
Service Name
Enter the description of the specific network service.
PPP Username
Type the PPP username (optional). The maximum length of
the name you can set is 63 characters.
PPP Password
Type the PPP password (optional). The maximum length of
the password you can set is 62 characters.
PPP Authentication
Select PAP only or PAP or CHAP for PPP.
Index (1-15) in Schedule
Setup
You can type in four sets of time schedule for your request.
All the schedules can be set previously in Application >>
Schedule web page and you can use the number that you
have set in that web page
WAN Connection
Detection
Such function allows you to verify whether network
connection is alive or not through ARP Detect or Ping
Detect.
Mode – Choose ARP Detect or Ping Detect for the system
to execute for WAN detection.
Ping IP – If you choose Ping Detect as detection mode, you
have to type IP address in this field for pinging.
TTL (Time to Live) – Displays value for your reference.
TTL value is set by telnet command.
After finishing all the settings here, please click OK to activate them.
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Details Page for 4G USB Modem (DHCP mode) in WAN3
To use 4G USB Modem (DHCP mode) as the accessing protocol of the internet, please
choose Internet Access from WAN menu. Then, select 4G USB Modem (DHCP mode) for
WAN3. The following web page will be shown.
Available settings are explained as follows:
Item
Description
Modem Support List
It lists all of the modems supported by such router.
4G USB Modem (DHCP
mode)
Click Enable for activating this function. If you click
Disable, this function will be closed and all the settings that
you adjusted in this page will be invalid.
SIM PIN code
Type PIN code of the SIM card that will be used to access
Internet.
The maximum length of the PIN code you can set is 19
characters.
Network Mode
Force Vigor router to connect Internet with the mode
specified here. If you choose 4G/3G/2G as network mode,
the router will choose a suitable one according to the actual
wireless signal automatically.
APN Name
APN means Access Point Name which is provided and
required by some ISPs. Type the name and click Apply.
The maximum length of the name you can set is 47
characters.
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MTU
It means Max Transmit Unit for packet. The default setting is
1380.
WAN Connection
Detection
Such function allows you to verify whether network
connection is alive or not through ARP Detect or Ping
Detect.
Mode – Choose ARP Detect or Ping Detect for the system
to execute for WAN detection.
Ping IP – If you choose Ping Detect as detection mode, you
have to type IP address in this field for pinging.
TTL (Time to Live) – Displays value for your reference.
TTL value is set by telnet command.
After finishing all the settings here, please click OK to activate them.
Details Page for IPv6 – Offline in WAN1/WAN2/WAN3
When Offline is selected, the IPv6 connection will be disabled.
Details Page for IPv6 – PPP in WAN1/WAN2
During the procedure of IPv4 PPPoE connection, we can get the IPv6 Link Local Address
between the gateway and Vigor router through IPv6CP. Later, use DHCPv6 or Accept RA to
acquire the IPv6 prefix address (such as: 2001:B010:7300:200::/64) offered by the ISP. In
addition, PCs under LAN also can have the public IPv6 address for Internet access by means
of the generated prefix.
No need to type any other information for PPP mode.
Below shows an example for successful IPv6 connection based on PPP mode.
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Note: At present, the IPv6 prefix can be acquired via the PPPoE mode connection which
is available for the areas such as Taiwan (hinet), the Netherlands, Australia and UK.
Details Page for IPv6 – TSPC in WAN1/WAN2/WAN3
Tunnel setup protocol client (TSPC) is an application which could help you to connect to IPv6
network easily.
Please make sure your IPv4 WAN connection is OK and apply one free account from hexago
(http://gogonet.gogo6.com/page/freenet6-account ) before you try to use TSPC for network
connection. TSPC would connect to tunnel broker and requests a tunnel according to the
specifications inside the configuration file. It gets a public IPv6 IP address and an IPv6 prefix
from the tunnel broker and then monitors the state of the tunnel in background.
After getting the IPv6 prefix and starting router advertisement daemon (RADVD), the PC
behind this router can directly connect to IPv6 the Internet.
Available settings are explained as follows:
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Item
Description
Username
Type the name obtained from the broker. It is suggested for
you to apply another username and password for
http://gogonet.gogo6.com/page/freenet6-account.
The maximum length of the name you can set is 63
characters.
Password
Type the password assigned with the user name.
The maximum length of the name you can set is 19
characters.
Confirm Password
Type the password again to make the confirmation.
Tunnel Broker
Type the address for the tunnel broker IP, FQDN or an
optional port number.
After finished the above settings, click OK to save the settings.
Details Page for IPv6 – AICCU in WAN1/WAN2/WAN3
Available settings are explained as follows:
Item
Description
Always On
Check this box to keep the network connection always.
Username
Type the name obtained from the broker. Please apply new
account at http://www.sixxs.net/. It is suggested for you to
apply another username and password.
The maximum length of the name you can set is 19
characters.
Password
Type the password assigned with the user name.
The maximum length of the password you can set is 19
characters.
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Confirm Password
Type the password again to make the confirmation.
Tunnel Broker
Type the address for the tunnel broker IP, FQDN or an
optional port number.
Subnet Prefix
Type the subnet prefix address getting from service
provider.
The maximum length of the prefix you can set is 128
characters.
After finished the above settings, click OK to save the settings.
Details Page for IPv6 – DHCPv6 Client in WAN1/WAN2
DHCPv6 client mode would use DHCPv6 protocol to obtain IPv6 address from server.
Available settings are explained as follows:
Item
Description
Identify Association
Choose Prefix Delegation or Non-temporary Address as
the identify association.
IAID
Type a number as IAID.
After finished the above settings, click OK to save the settings.
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Details Page for IPv6 – Static IPv6 in WAN1/WAN2
This type allows you to setup static IPv6 address for WAN interface.
Available settings are explained as follows:
Item
Description
Static IPv6 Address
configuration
IPv6 Address – Type the IPv6 Static IP Address.
Prefix Length – Type the fixed value for prefix length.
Add – Click it to add a new entry.
Delete – Click it to remove an existed entry.
Current IPv6 Address
Table
Display current interface IPv6 address.
Static IPv6 Gateway
Configuration
IPv6 Gateway Address - Type your IPv6 gateway address
here.
After finished the above settings, click OK to save the settings.
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Details Page for IPv6 – 6in4 Static Tunnel in WAN1/WAN2
This type allows you to setup 6in4 Static Tunnel for WAN interface.
Such mode allows the router to access IPv6 network through IPv4 network.
However, 6in4 offers a prefix outside of 2002::0/16. So, you can use a fixed endpoint rather
than any cast endpoint. The mode has more reliability.
Available settings are explained as follows:
Item
Description
Remote Endpoint IPv4
Address
Type the static IPv4 address for the remote server.
6in4 IPv6 Address
Type the static IPv6 address for IPv4 tunnel with the value
for prefix length.
LAN Routed Prefix
Type the static IPv6 address for LAN routing with the value
for prefix length.
Tunnel TTL
Type the number for the data lifetime in tunnel.
After finished the above settings, click OK to save the settings.
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Below shows an example for successful IPv6 connection based on 6in4 Static Tunnel mode.
Details Page for IPv6 – 6rd in WAN1/WAN2
This type allows you to setup 6rd for WAN interface.
Available settings are explained as follows:
Item
Description
6rd Mode
Auto 6rd – Retrieve 6rd prefix automatically from 6rd
service provider. The IPv4 WAN must be set as "DHCP".
Static 6rd - Set 6rd options manually.
IPv4 Border Relay
Type the IPv4 addresses of the 6rd Border Relay for a given
6rd domain.
IPv4 Mask Length
Type a number of high-order bits that are identical across
all CE IPv4 addresses within a given 6rd domain.
It may be any value between 0 and 32.
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6rd Prefix
Type the 6rd IPv6 address.
6rd Prefix Length
Type the IPv6 prefix length for the 6rd IPv6 prefix in
number of bits.
After finished the above settings, click OK to save the settings.
Below shows an example for successful IPv6 connection based on 6rd mode.
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3.1.4 Multi-PVC
This router allows you to create multi-PVC for different data transferring for using. Simply go
to Internet Access and select Multi-PVC page.
General
The system allows you to set up to eight channels which are ready for choosing as the first
PVC line that will be used as multi-PVC.
Available settings are explained as follows:
Item
Description
Channel
Display the number of each channel.
Channels 1 and 2 are used by the Internet Access web user
interface and can not be configured here.
Channels 4 ~ 8 are configurable.
Enable
Display whether the settings in this channel are enabled
(Yes) or not (No).
WAN Type
Displays the physical medium that the channel will use.
VPI/VCI
Display the value for VPI and VCI.
VLAN Tag
Displays the VLAN tag value that will be used for the
packets traveling on this channel.
Port-based Bridge
The network traffic flowing on each channel will be
identified by the system via their VLAN Tags. Channels
using the same WAN type may not configure the same
VLAN tag value.
Enable - Check this box to enable the port-based bridge
function on this channel.
P1 ~ P4 – Check the box(es) to build bridge connection on
LAN.
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Click any index (7~8) to get the following web page:
Available settings are explained as follows:
Item
Description
Multi-VLAN Channel 7/8
Enable – Click it to enable the configuration of this
channel.
Disable –Click it to disable the configuration of this
channel.
General Settings
VPI - Type in the value provided by your ISP.
VCI - Type in the value provided by your ISP.
Protocol - Select a proper protocol for this channel.
Encapsulation - Choose a proper type for this channel. The
types will be different according to the protocol setting that
you choose.
Add VLAN Header – Check the box to enable the
following two options.
VLAN Tag – Type the value as the VLAN ID number.
Valid settings are in the range from 1 to 4095. The network
traffic flowing on each channel will be identified by the
system via their VLAN Tags. Channels using the same
WAN type may not configure the same VLAN tag value.
Priority – Choose the number to determine the packet
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priority for such VLAN. The range is from 0 to 7.
ATM OoS
Such option is available only when WAN1 is connected
with the type of ADSL.
QoS Type - Select a proper QoS type for the channel.
Type the values for PCR, SCR and MBS respectively.
Bridge mode
Enable – Click it to enable Bridge mode for such channel.
Physical Members – Group the physical ports by checking
the corresponding check box(es) for applying the bridge
connection.
After finished the above settings, click OK to save the settings.
WAN links for Channel 4, 5 and 6 are provided for router-borne application such as TR-069.
The settings must be applied and obtained from your ISP. For your special request, please
contact with your ISP and then click WAN link of Channel 4, 5 and 6 to configure your router.
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Available settings are explained as follows:
Item
Description
Multi-VLAN Channel
4/5/6
Enable – Click it to enable the configuration of this
channel.
Disable –Click it to disable the configuration of this
channel.
General Settings
VPI - Type in the value provided by your ISP.
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VCI - Type in the value provided by your ISP.
Protocol - Select a proper protocol for this channel.
Encapsulation - Choose a proper type for this channel. The
types will be different according to the protocol setting that
you choose.
Add VLAN Header – Check the box to enable the
following two options.
VLAN Tag – Type the value as the VLAN ID number.
Valid settings are in the range from 1 to 4095. The network
traffic flowing on each channel will be identified by the
system via their VLAN Tags. Channels using the same
WAN type may not configure the same VLAN tag value.
Priority – Choose the number to determine the packet
priority for such VLAN. The range is from 0 to 7.
Open Port-based Bridge
Connection for this
Channel
The settings here will create a bridge between the LAN
ports selected and the WAN. The WAN interface of the
bridge connection will be built upon the WAN type selected
using the VLAN tag configured.
Physical Members – Group the physical ports by checking
the corresponding check box(es) for applying the port-based
bridge connection.
Open WAN Interface for
this Channel
Check the box to enable relating function.
WAN Application –
 Management – It can be specified for general
management (Web configuration/telnet/TR069). If
you choose Management, the configuration for this
VLAN will be effective for Web
configuration/telnet/TR069.
 IPTV - The IPTV configuration will allow the WAN
interface to send IGMP packets to IPTV servers.
 VoIP - The VoIP configuration will allow the WAN
interface to send VoIP packets to servers.
ISP Access Setup for
PPPoE/PPPoA Client
Enter your allocated username, password and authentication
parameters according to the information provided by your
ISP.
ISP Name – Type in the name of your ISP.
Username – Type in the username provided by ISP in this
field. The maximum length of the name you can set is 80
characters.
Password – Type in the password provided by ISP in this
field. The maximum length of the password you can set is
48 characters.
PPP Authentication – Select PAP only or PAP or CHAP
for PPP.
Always On – Check it to keep the network connection
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always.
Idle Timeout – Set the timeout for breaking down the
Internet after passing through the time without any action.
Fixed IP – Click Yes to use this function and type in a
fixed IP address in the box of Fixed IP Address.
WAN IP Network
Settings for Static or
Dynamic IP
Obtain an IP address automatically – Click this button to
obtain the IP address automatically.
 Router Name – Type in the router name provided by
ISP.
 Domain Name – Type in the domain name that you
have assigned.
Specify an IP address – Click this radio button to specify
some data.
 IP Address – Type in the private IP address.
 Subnet Mask – Type in the subnet mask.
 Gateway IP Address – Type in gateway IP address.
DNS Server IP Address - Type in the primary IP address
for the router if you want to use Static IP mode. If
necessary, type in secondary IP address for necessity in the
future.
After finished the above settings, click OK to save the settings and return to previous page.
Advanced
Such configuration is applied to upstream packets. Such information will be provided by ISP.
Please contact with your ISP for detailed information.
Note that such web page is available only when ADSL is selected as WAN type.
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Available settings are explained as follows:
Item
Description
QoS Type
Select a proper QoS type for the channel according to the
information that your ISP provides.
PCR
It represents Peak Cell Rate. The default setting is “0”.
SCR
It represents Sustainable Cell Rate. The value of SCR must
be smaller than PCR.
MBS
It represents Maximum Burst Size. The range of the
value is 10 to 50.
PVC to PVC Binding
It allows the PVC channel to use the same ADSL
connection settings of another PVC channel. Please choose
the PVC channel (must be enabled first) via the drop down
list.
This option is available only when the PVC channel is
enabled on the General tab.
After finished the above settings, click OK to save the settings
3.2 LAN
Local Area Network (LAN) is a subnet regulated and ruled by router. The design of network
structure is related to what type of public IP addresses coming from your ISP.
3.2.1 Basics of LAN
The most generic function of Vigor router is NAT. It creates a private subnet of your own. As
mentioned previously, the router will talk to other public hosts on the Internet by using public
IP address and talking to local hosts by using its private IP address. What NAT does is to
translate the packets from public IP address to private IP address to forward the right packets
to the right host and vice versa. Besides, Vigor router has a built-in DHCP server that assigns
private IP address to each local host. See the following diagram for a briefly understanding.
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In some special case, you may have a public IP subnet from your ISP such as
220.135.240.0/24. This means that you can set up a public subnet or call second subnet that
each host is equipped with a public IP address. As a part of the public subnet, the Vigor router
will serve for IP routing to help hosts in the public subnet to communicate with other public
hosts or servers outside. Therefore, the router should be set as the gateway for public hosts.
What is Routing Information Protocol (RIP)
Vigor router will exchange routing information with neighboring routers using the RIP to
accomplish IP routing. This allows users to change the information of the router such as IP
address and the routers will automatically inform for each other.
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3.2.2 General Setup
This page provides you the general settings for LAN. Click LAN to open the LAN settings
page and choose General Setup. Only Vigor 2760, only LAN1 is available.
Available settings are explained as follows:
Item
Description
General Setup
Allow to configure settings for each subnet respectively.
Index - Display all of the LAN items.
Status- Basically, LAN1 status is enabled in default. On
Vigor 2760, only one LAN subnet is supported.
DHCP- DHCP is enabled by default.
IP Address - Display the IP address for each LAN item.
Details Page - Click it to access into the setting page.
IPv6 – Click it to access into the settings page of IPv6.
Advanced
DHCP packets can be processed by adding option number
and data information when such function is enabled.
Enable/Disable – Enable/Disable the function of DHCP
Option. Each DHCP option is composed by an option
number with data. For example,
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Option number:100
Data: abcd
When such function is enabled, the specified values for
DHCP option will be seen in DHCP reply packets.
Option Number – Type a number for such function.
DataType – Choose the type (ASCII or Hex) for the data to
be stored.
Data – Type the content of the data to be processed by the
function of DHCP option.
Force router to use DNS
server IP address …..
Force Vigor router to use DNS servers configured in
LAN1/LAN2/LAN3/LAN4/LAN5/LAN6 instead of DNS
servers given by the Internet Access server (PPPoE, PPTP,
L2TP or DHCP server).
When you finish the configuration, please click OK to save and exit this page.
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Details Page for LAN1 – Ethernet TCP/IP and DHCP Setup
There are two configuration pages for LAN1, Ethernet TCP/IP and DHCP Setup (based on
IPv4) and IPv6 Setup. Click the tab for each type and refer to the following explanations for
detailed information.
Available settings are explained as follows:
Item
Description
Network Configuration
For NAT Usage,
IP Address - Type in private IP address for connecting to a
local private network (Default: 192.168.1.1).
Subnet Mask - Type in an address code that determines the
size of the network. (Default: 255.255.255.0/ 24)
DHCP Server
Configuration
DHCP stands for Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol.
The router by factory default acts a DHCP server for your
network so it automatically dispatch related IP settings to
any local user configured as a DHCP client. It is highly
recommended that you leave the router enabled as a DHCP
server if you do not have a DHCP server for your network.
If you want to use another DHCP server in the network
other than the Vigor Router’s, you can let Relay Agent help
you to redirect the DHCP request to the specified location.
Enable Server - Let the router assign IP address to every
host in the LAN.
Disable Server – Let you manually assign IP address to
every host in the LAN.
DHCP Server IP Address – It is available when Enable
Relay Agent is checked. Set the IP address of the DHCP
server you are going to use so the Relay Agent can help to
forward the DHCP request to the DHCP server.
Start IP Address - Enter a value of the IP address pool for
the DHCP server to start with when issuing IP addresses. If
the 1st IP address of your router is 192.168.1.1, the starting
IP address must be 192.168.1.2 or greater, but smaller than
192.168.1.254.
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IP Pool Counts - Enter the maximum number of PCs that
you want the DHCP server to assign IP addresses to. The
default is 50 and the maximum is 253.
Gateway IP Address - Enter a value of the gateway IP
address for the DHCP server. The value is usually as same
as the 1st IP address of the router, which means the router is
the default gateway.
Lease Time - Enter the time to determine how long the IP
address assigned by DHCP server can be used.
Retrieve IPs from inactive clients periodically –
Whenever a DHCP client requests an IP address from the
LAN DHCP server, the server will give out an IP to this
client for a certain amount of time (e.g., 1 day). However,
even if this client only uses the IP for say 5 minutes, the
server still "reserves" 1 day for that client. Because a DHCP
server only has a limited number of IPs to lease to its
DHCP clients, soon enough all the IPs will be used out and
then no one will be able to get any IPs from this server
anymore. Therefore, this feature is used to get the IP back
from inactive clients (i.e. doesn't use the IP but the server
still reserves the IP for him).
DNS Server IP Address
DNS stands for Domain Name System. Every Internet host
must have a unique IP address, also they may have a
human-friendly, easy to remember name such as
www.yahoo.com. The DNS server converts the
user-friendly name into its equivalent IP address.
Primary IP Address -You must specify a DNS server IP
address here because your ISP should provide you with
usually more than one DNS Server. If your ISP does not
provide it, the router will automatically apply default DNS
Server IP address: 194.109.6.66 to this field.
Secondary IP Address - You can specify secondary DNS
server IP address here because your ISP often provides you
more than one DNS Server. If your ISP does not provide it,
the router will automatically apply default secondary DNS
Server IP address: 194.98.0.1 to this field.
The default DNS Server IP address can be found via Online
Status:
If both the Primary IP and Secondary IP Address fields are
left empty, the router will assign its own IP address to local
users as a DNS proxy server and maintain a DNS cache.
If the IP address of a domain name is already in the DNS
cache, the router will resolve the domain name immediately.
Otherwise, the router forwards the DNS query packet to the
external DNS server by establishing a WAN (e.g.
DSL/Cable) connection.
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When you finish the configuration, please click OK to save and exit this page.
Details Page for LAN1 – IPv6 Setup
There are two configuration pages for LAN1, Ethernet TCP/IP and DHCP Setup (based on
IPv4) and IPv6 Setup. Click the tab for each type and refer to the following explanations for
detailed information. Below shows the settings page for IPv6.
It provides 2 daemons for LAN side IPv6 address configuration. One is RADVD(stateless)
and the other is DHCPv6 Server (Stateful).
Available settings are explained as follows:
Item
Description
Router Advertisement
Server
Enable – Click it to enable router advertisement server. The
router advertisement daemon (radvd) sends Router
Advertisement messages, specified by RFC 2461, to a local
Ethernet LAN periodically and when requested by a node
sending a Router Solicitation message. These messages are
required for IPv6 stateless auto-configuration.
Disable – Click it to disable RADVD server.
Advertisement Lifetime - The lifetime associated with the
default router in units of seconds. It's used to control the
lifetime of the prefix. The maximum value corresponds to
18.2 hours. A lifetime of 0 indicates that the router is not a
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default router and should not appear on the default router
list.
DHCPv6 Server
Enable Server –Click it to enable DHCPv6 server.
DHCPv6 Server could assign IPv6 address to PC according
to the Start/End IPv6 address configuration.
Disable Server –Click it to disable DHCPv6 server.
Start IPv6 Address / End IPv6 Address –Type the start
and end address for IPv6 server.
DNS Server IPv6 Address
Primary DNS Sever – Type the IPv6 address for Primary
DNS server.
Secondary DNS Server –Type another IPv6 address for
DNS server if required.
Static IPv6 Address
configuration
IPv6 Address –Type static IPv6 address for LAN.
Prefix Length – Type the fixed value for prefix length.
Add – Click it to add a new entry.
Delete – Click it to remove an existed entry.
Current IPv6 Address
Table
Display current used IPv6 addresses.
When you finish the configuration, please click OK to save and exit this page.
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Details Page for LAN2
Available settings are explained as follows:
Item
Description
Network Configuration
Enable/Disable - Click Enable to enable such
configuration; click Disable to disable such configuration.
For NAT Usage - Click this radio button to invoke NAT
function (mandatory for IPv4).
IP Address - Type in private IP address for connecting to a
local private network (Default: 192.168.1.1).
Subnet Mask - Type in an address code that determines the
size of the network. (Default: 255.255.255.0/ 24)
DHCP Server
Configuration
DHCP stands for Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol.
The router by factory default acts a DHCP server for your
network so it automatically dispatch related IP settings to
any local user configured as a DHCP client. It is highly
recommended that you leave the router enabled as a DHCP
server if you do not have a DHCP server for your network.
Enable Server - Let the router assign IP address to every
host in the LAN.
Disable Server – Let you manually assign IP address to
every host in the LAN.
DHCP Server IP Address – It is available when Enable
Start IP Address - Enter a value of the IP address pool for
the DHCP server to start with when issuing IP addresses. If
the 1st IP address of your router is 192.168.1.1, the starting
IP address must be 192.168.1.2 or greater, but smaller than
192.168.1.254.
IP Pool Counts - Enter the maximum number of PCs that
you want the DHCP server to assign IP addresses to. The
default is 50 and the maximum is 253.
Gateway IP Address - Enter a value of the gateway IP
address for the DHCP server. The value is usually as same
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as the 1st IP address of the router, which means the router is
the default gateway.
Lease Time - Enter the time to determine how long the IP
address assigned by DHCP server can be used.
Retrieve IPs from inactive clients periodically –
Whenever a DHCP client requests an IP address from the
LAN DHCP server, the server will give out an IP to this
client for a certain amount of time (e.g., 1 day). However,
even if this client only uses the IP for say 5 minutes, the
server still "reserves" 1 day for that client. Because a DHCP
server only has a limited number of IPs to lease to its
DHCP clients, soon enough all the IPs will be used out and
then no one will be able to get any IPs from this server
anymore. Therefore, this feature is used to get the IP back
from inactive clients (i.e. doesn't use the IP but the server
still reserves the IP for him).
DNS Server IP Address
DNS stands for Domain Name System. Every Internet host
must have a unique IP address, also they may have a
human-friendly, easy to remember name such as
www.yahoo.com. The DNS server converts the
user-friendly name into its equivalent IP address.
Primary IP Address -You must specify a DNS server IP
address here because your ISP should provide you with
usually more than one DNS Server. If your ISP does not
provide it, the router will automatically apply default DNS
Server IP address: 194.109.6.66 to this field.
Secondary IP Address - You can specify secondary DNS
server IP address here because your ISP often provides you
more than one DNS Server. If your ISP does not provide it,
the router will automatically apply default secondary DNS
Server IP address: 194.98.0.1 to this field.
The default DNS Server IP address can be found via Online
Status:
If both the Primary IP and Secondary IP Address fields are
left empty, the router will assign its own IP address to local
users as a DNS proxy server and maintain a DNS cache.
If the IP address of a domain name is already in the DNS
cache, the router will resolve the domain name immediately.
Otherwise, the router forwards the DNS query packet to the
external DNS server by establishing a WAN (e.g.
DSL/Cable) connection.
When you finish the configuration, please click OK to save and exit this page.
3.2.3 VLAN
With the 4-port Gigabit switch on the LAN side, Vigor router provides extremely high speed
connectivity for the highest speed local data transfer of any server or local PCs.
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Port-Based VLAN
Relative to tag-based VLAN which groups clients with an identifier, port-based VLAN uses
physical ports (P1 ~ P4) to separate the clients into different VLAN groups.
Go to LAN page and select VLAN. The following page will appear. Click Enable to invoke
VLAN function.
Below is an example page in Vigor2760n:
Note: Settings in this page only apply to LAN ports (not WAN ports).
Available settings are explained as follows:
Item
Description
Enable
Click it to enable VLAN configuration.
LAN
P1 – P4 – Check the LAN port(s) to group them under the
selected VLAN.
Wireless LAN
SSID1 – SSID4 – Check the SSID boxes to group them
under the selected VLAN.
Vigor2760 series features a flexible VLAN system. In its simplest form, each of the Gigabit
LAN ports can be isolated from each other, for example to feed different companies or
departments but keeping their local traffic completely separated.
To add or remove a VLAN, please refer to the following example.
1.
If, VLAN 0 is consisted of hosts linked to P1 and P2 and VLAN 1 is consisted of hosts
linked to P3 and P4.
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2.
After checking the box to enable VLAN function, you will check the table according to
the needs as shown below. Click OK to save the settings.
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3.2.4 LAN Port Mirror
LAN port mirror can be applied for the users in LAN. Generally speaking, this function copies
traffic from one or more specific ports to a target port. This mechanism helps manager track
the network errors or abnormal packets transmission without interrupting the flow of data
access the network. By the way, user can apply this function to monitor all traffics which user
needs to check.
There are some advantages supported in this feature. First, it is more economical without other
detecting equipments to be set up. Second, it may be able to view traffic on one or more ports
within a VLAN at the same time. Third, it can transfer all data traffics to be mirrored to one
analyzer connect to the mirroring port. Last, it is more convenient and easy to configure in
user’s interface.
Available settings are explained as follows:
Item
Description
Port Mirror
Check Enable to activate this function. Or, check Disable
to close this function.
Mirror Port
Select a port to view traffic sent from mirrored ports.
Mirrored Port
Select which ports are necessary to be mirrored.
After finishing all the settings here, please click OK to save the configuration.
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3.2.5 Web Portal Setup
This page allows you to configure a profile with specified URL for accessing into or display a
message when a wireless/LAN user connects to Internet through this router. No matter what
the purpose of the wireless/LAN client is, he/she will be forced into the URL configured here
while trying to access into the Internet or the desired web page through this router. That is, a
company which wants to have an advertisement for its products to users can specify the URL
in this page to reach its goal.
Each item is explained as follows:
Item
Description
Profile
Display the number link which allows you to configure the
profile.
Status
Display the content (Disable, URL Redirect or Message) of the
profile.
Interface
Display the applied interfaced of the profile.
Preview
Open a preview window according to the configured settings.
To configure the profile, click any index number link to open the following page.
Available settings are explained as follows:
Item
Description
Disable
Click this button to close this function.
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URL Redirect
Any user who wants to access into Internet through this router
will be redirected to the URL specified here first. It is a useful
method for the purpose of advertisement. For example, force
the wireless user(s) in hotel to access into the web page that the
hotel wants the user(s) to visit.
Message
Type words or sentences here. The message will be displayed
on the screen for several seconds when the wireless users
access into the web page through the router.
Applied Interfaces
Check the box(es) representing different interfaces to be
applied by such profile.
The advantage is that each SSID (1/2/3/4) for wireless network
can be applied with different web portal separately.
After finishing all the settings here, please click OK to save the configuration.
3.3 NAT
Usually, the router serves as an NAT (Network Address Translation) router. NAT is a
mechanism that one or more private IP addresses can be mapped into a single public one.
Public IP address is usually assigned by your ISP, for which you may get charged. Private IP
addresses are recognized only among internal hosts.
When the outgoing packets destined to some public server on the Internet reach the NAT
router, the router will change its source address into the public IP address of the router, select
the available public port, and then forward it. At the same time, the router shall list an entry in
a table to memorize this address/port-mapping relationship. When the public server response,
the incoming traffic, of course, is destined to the router’s public IP address and the router will
do the inversion based on its table. Therefore, the internal host can communicate with external
host smoothly.
The benefit of the NAT includes:

Save cost on applying public IP address and apply efficient usage of IP address.
NAT allows the internal IP addresses of local hosts to be translated into one public IP
address, thus you can have only one IP address on behalf of the entire internal hosts.

Enhance security of the internal network by obscuring the IP address. There are
many attacks aiming victims based on the IP address. Since the attacker cannot be aware
of any private IP addresses, the NAT function can protect the internal network.
Note: On NAT page, you will see the private IP address defined in RFC-1918. Usually we
use the 192.168.1.0/24 subnet for the router. As stated before, the NAT facility can map one
or more IP addresses and/or service ports into different specified services. In other words,
the NAT function can be achieved by using port mapping methods.
Below shows the menu items for NAT.
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3.3.1 Port Redirection
Port Redirection is usually set up for server related service inside the local network (LAN),
such as web servers, FTP servers, E-mail servers etc. Most of the case, you need a public IP
address for each server and this public IP address/domain name are recognized by all users.
Since the server is actually located inside the LAN, the network well protected by NAT of the
router, and identified by its private IP address/port, the goal of Port Redirection function is to
forward all access request with public IP address from external users to the mapping private IP
address/port of the server.
The port redirection can only apply to incoming traffic.
To use this function, please go to NAT page and choose Port Redirection web page. The
Port Redirection Table provides 40 port-mapping entries for the internal hosts.
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Each item is explained as follows:
Item
Description
Index
Display the number of the profile.
Service Name
Display the description of the specific network service.
WAN Interface
Display the WAN IP address used by the profile.
Protocol
Display the transport layer protocol (TCP or UDP).
Public Port
Display the port number which will be redirected to the
specified Private IP and Port of the internal host.
Private IP
Display the IP address of the internal host providing the
service.
Status
Display if the profile is enabled (v) or not (x).
Press any number under Index to access into next page for configuring port redirection.
Available settings are explained as follows:
Item
Description
Enable
Check this box to enable such port redirection setting.
Mode
Two options (Single and Range) are provided here for you
to choose. To set a range for the specific service, select
Range. In Range mode, if the public port (start port and end
port) and the starting IP of private IP had been entered, the
system will calculate and display the ending IP of private IP
automatically.
Service Name
Enter the description of the specific network service.
Protocol
Select the transport layer protocol (TCP or UDP).
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WAN IP
Select the WAN IP used for port redirection. The default
setting is All which means all the incoming data from any
port will be redirected to specified range of IP address and
port.
Public Port
Specify which port can be redirected to the specified
Private IP and Port of the internal host. If you choose
Range as the port redirection mode, you will see two boxes
on this field. Simply type the required number on the first
box. The second one will be assigned automatically later.
Private IP
Specify the private IP address of the internal host providing
the service. If you choose Range as the port redirection
mode, you will see two boxes on this field. Type a complete
IP address in the first box (as the starting point) and the
fourth digits in the second box (as the end point).
Private Port
Specify the private port number of the service offered by
the internal host.
After finishing all the settings here, please click OK to save the configuration.
Note that the router has its own built-in services (servers) such as Telnet, HTTP and FTP etc.
Since the common port numbers of these services (servers) are all the same, you may need to
reset the router in order to avoid confliction.
For example, the built-in web user interface in the router is with default port 80, which may
conflict with the web server in the local network, http://192.168.1.13:80. Therefore, you need
to change the router’s http port to any one other than the default port 80 to avoid conflict,
such as 8080. This can be set in the System Maintenance >>Management Setup. You then
will access the admin screen of by suffixing the IP address with 8080, e.g.,
http://192.168.1.1:8080 instead of port 80.
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3.3.2 DMZ Host
As mentioned above, Port Redirection can redirect incoming TCP/UDP or other traffic on
particular ports to the specific private IP address/port of host in the LAN. However, other IP
protocols, for example Protocols 50 (ESP) and 51 (AH), do not travel on a fixed port. Vigor
router provides a facility DMZ Host that maps ALL unsolicited data on any protocol to a
single host in the LAN. Regular web surfing and other such Internet activities from other
clients will continue to work without inappropriate interruption. DMZ Host allows a defined
internal user to be totally exposed to the Internet, which usually helps some special
applications such as Netmeeting or Internet Games etc.
The security properties of NAT are somewhat bypassed if you set up DMZ host. We suggest
you to add additional filter rules or a secondary firewall.
Click DMZ Host to open the following page. You can set different DMZ host for each WAN
interface. Click the WAN tab to switch into the configuration page for that WAN.
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Available settings are explained as follows:
Item
Description
Choose Private IP or Active True IP first.
Active True IP selection is available for WAN1 only.
Private IP
Enter the private IP address of the DMZ host, or click Choose
PC to select one.
Choose PC
Click this button and then a window will automatically pop
up, as depicted below. The window consists of a list of private
IP addresses of all hosts in your LAN network. Select one
private IP address in the list to be the DMZ host.
When you have selected one private IP from the above dialog,
the IP address will be shown on the following screen. Click
OK to save the setting.
DMZ Host for WAN2 or WAN3 is slightly different with WAN1. Active True IP selection is
available for WAN1 only.
See the following figure.
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Available settings are explained as follows:
Item
Description
Enable
Check to enable the DMZ Host function.
Private IP
Enter the private IP address of the DMZ host, or click
Choose PC to select one.
Choose PC
Click this button and then a window will automatically pop
up, as depicted below. The window consists of a list of
private IP addresses of all hosts in your LAN network.
Select one private IP address in the list to be the DMZ host.
When you have selected one private IP from the above
dialog, the IP address will be shown on the screen. Click
OK to save the setting.
After finishing all the settings here, please click OK to save the configuration.
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3.3.3 Open Ports
Open Ports allows you to open a range of ports for the traffic of special applications.
Common application of Open Ports includes P2P application (e.g., BT, KaZaA, Gnutella,
WinMX, eMule and others), Internet Camera etc. Ensure that you keep the application
involved up-to-date to avoid falling victim to any security exploits.
Click Open Ports to open the following page:
Available settings are explained as follows:
Item
Description
Index
Indicate the relative number for the particular entry that you
want to offer service in a local host. You should click the
appropriate index number to edit or clear the corresponding
entry.
Comment
Specify the name for the defined network service.
Local IP Address
Display the private IP address of the local host offering the
service.
Status
Display the state for the corresponding entry. X or V is to
represent the Inactive or Active state.
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To add or edit port settings, click one index number on the page. The index entry setup page
will pop up. In each index entry, you can specify 10 port ranges for diverse services.
Available settings are explained as follows:
Item
Description
Enable Open Ports
Check to enable this entry.
Comment
Make a name for the defined network application/service.
Private IP
Enter the private IP address of the local host or click
Choose PC to select one.
Choose PC - Click this button and, subsequently, a window
having a list of private IP addresses of local hosts will
automatically pop up. Select the appropriate IP address of
the local host in the list.
Protocol
Specify the transport layer protocol. It could be TCP, UDP,
or ----- (none) for selection.
Start Port
Specify the starting port number of the service offered by
the local host.
End Port
Specify the ending port number of the service offered by
the local host.
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After finishing all the settings here, please click OK to save the configuration.
3.3.4 Port Triggering
Port Triggering is a variation of open ports function.
The key difference between "open port" and "port triggering" is:

Once the OK button is clicked and the configuration has taken effect, "open port" keeps
the ports opened forever.

Once the OK button is clicked and the configuration has taken effect, "port triggering"
will only attempt to open the ports once the triggering conditions are met.

The duration that these ports are opened depends on the type of protocol used. The
"default" durations are shown below and these duration values can be modified via telnet
commands.
TCP: 86400 sec.
UDP: 180 sec.
IGMP: 10 sec.
TCP WWW: 60 sec.
TCP SYN: 60 sec.
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Available settings are explained as follows:
Item
Description
Comment
Display the text which memorizes the application of this
rule.
Triggering Protocol
Display the protocol of the triggering packets.
Triggering Port
Display the port of the triggering packets.
Incoming Protocol
Display the protocol for the incoming data of such
triggering profile.
Incoming Port
Display the port for the incoming data of such triggering
profile.
Status
Display if the rule is active or de-active.
Click the index number link to open the configuration page.
Available settings are explained as follows:
Item
Description
Enable
Check to enable this entry.
Service
Choose the predefined service to apply for such trigger
profile.
Comment
Type the text to memorize the application of this rule.
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Triggering Protocol
Select the protocol (TCP, UDP or TCP/UDP) for such
triggering profile.
Triggering Port
Type the port or port range for such triggering profile.
Incoming Protocol
When the triggering packets received, it is expected the
incoming packets will use the selected protocol. Select the
protocol (TCP, UDP or TCP/UDP) for the incoming data of
such triggering profile.
Incoming Port
Type the port or port range for the incoming packets.
After finishing all the settings here, please click OK to save the configuration.
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3.4 Firewall
3.4.1 Basics for Firewall
While the broadband users demand more bandwidth for multimedia, interactive applications,
or distance learning, security has been always the most concerned. The firewall of the Vigor
router helps to protect your local network against attack from unauthorized outsiders. It also
restricts users in the local network from accessing the Internet. Furthermore, it can filter out
specific packets that trigger the router to build an unwanted outgoing connection.
Firewall Facilities
The users on the LAN are provided with secured protection by the following firewall facilities:

User-configurable IP filter (Call Filter/ Data Filter).

Stateful Packet Inspection (SPI): tracks packets and denies unsolicited incoming data

Selectable Denial of Service (DoS) /Distributed DoS (DDoS) attacks protection
IP Filters
Depending on whether there is an existing Internet connection, or in other words “the WAN
link status is up or down”, the IP filter architecture categorizes traffic into two: Call Filter and
Data Filter.

Call Filter - When there is no existing Internet connection, Call Filter is applied to all
traffic, all of which should be outgoing. It will check packets according to the filter rules.
If legal, the packet will pass. Then the router shall “initiate a call” to build the Internet
connection and send the packet to Internet.

Data Filter - When there is an existing Internet connection, Data Filter is applied to
incoming and outgoing traffic. It will check packets according to the filter rules. If legal,
the packet will pass the router.
The following illustrations are flow charts explaining how router will treat incoming traffic
and outgoing traffic respectively.
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Stateful Packet Inspection (SPI)
Stateful inspection is a firewall architecture that works at the network layer. Unlike legacy
static packet filtering, which examines a packet based on the information in its header, stateful
inspection builds up a state machine to track each connection traversing all interfaces of the
firewall and makes sure they are valid. The stateful firewall of Vigor router not just examine
the header information also monitor the state of the connection.
Denial of Service (DoS) Defense
The DoS Defense functionality helps you to detect and mitigate the DoS attack. The attacks
are usually categorized into two types, the flooding-type attacks and the vulnerability attacks.
The flooding-type attacks will attempt to exhaust all your system's resource while the
vulnerability attacks will try to paralyze the system by offending the vulnerabilities of the
protocol or operation system.
The DoS Defense function enables the Vigor router to inspect every incoming packet based on
the attack signature database. Any malicious packet that might duplicate itself to paralyze the
host in the secure LAN will be strictly blocked and a Syslog message will be sent as warning, if
you set up Syslog server.
Also the Vigor router monitors the traffic. Any abnormal traffic flow violating the pre-defined
parameter, such as the number of thresholds, is identified as an attack and the Vigor router will
activate its defense mechanism to mitigate in a real-time manner.
The below shows the attack types that DoS/DDoS defense function can detect:
1. SYN flood attack
2. UDP flood attack
3. ICMP flood attack
4. Port Scan attack
5. IP options
6. Land attack
7. Smurf attack
8. Trace route
9. SYN fragment
10. Fraggle attack
11. TCP flag scan
12. Tear drop attack
13. Ping of Death attack
14. ICMP fragment
15. Unassigned Numbers
Below shows the menu items for Firewall.
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3.4.2 General Setup
General Setup allows you to adjust settings of IP Filter and common options. Here you can
enable or disable the Call Filter or Data Filter. Under some circumstance, your filter set can
be linked to work in a serial manner. So here you assign the Start Filter Set only. Also you
can configure the Log Flag settings, Apply IP filter to VPN incoming packets, and Accept
incoming fragmented UDP packets.
Click Firewall and click General Setup to open the general setup page.
General Setup Page
Such page allows you to enable / disable Call Filter and Data Filter, determine general rule for
filtering the incoming and outgoing data.
Available settings are explained as follows:
Item
Description
Call Filter
Check Enable to activate the Call Filter function. Assign a
start filter set for the Call Filter.
Data Filter
Check Enable to activate the Data Filter function. Assign a
start filter set for the Data Filter.
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Accept large incoming…
Some on-line games (for example: Half Life) will use lots
of fragmented UDP packets to transfer game data.
Instinctively as a secure firewall, Vigor router will reject
these fragmented packets to prevent attack unless you
enable “Accept large incoming fragmented UDP or
ICMP Packets”. By checking this box, you can play these
kinds of on-line games. If security concern is in higher
priority, you cannot enable “Accept large incoming
fragmented UDP or ICMP Packets”.
Enable Strict Security
Firewall
For the sake of security, the router will execute strict
security checking for data transmission.
Such feature is enabled in default. All the packets, while
transmitting through Vigor router, will be filtered by
firewall. If the firewall system (e.g., content filter server)
does not make any response (pass or block) for these
packets, then the router’s firewall will block the packets
directly.
Accept routing packet
from WAN
Usually, IPv6 network sessions/traffic from WAN to LAN
will be blocked by IPv6 firewall to prevent remote client
accessing into the PCs on LAN in default.
IPv6 - Check the box to make the packets (routed from
WAN to LAN) via IPv6 being accepted by such router. It is
effective only for the packets routed but not for packets
translated by NAT.
IPv4 - Check the box to make the incoming packets via
IPv4 being accepted by such router. It is effective only for
the packets routed but not for packets translated by NAT.
Default Rule Page
Such page allows you to choose filtering profiles including QoS, Load-Balance policy, WCF,
APP Enforcement, URL Content Filter, for data transmission via Vigor router.
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Available settings are explained as follows:
Item
Description
Filter
Select Pass or Block for the packets that do not match with
the filter rules.
Sessions Control
The number typed here is the total sessions of the packets
that do not match the filter rule configured in this page. The
default setting is 60000.
Quality of Service
Choose one of the QoS rules to be applied as firewall rule.
For detailed information of setting QoS, please refer to the
related section later.
APP Enforcement
Select an APP Enforcement profile for global IM/P2P
application blocking. If there is no profile for you to select,
please choose [Create New] from the drop down list in this
page to create a new profile. All the hosts in LAN must
follow the standard configured in the APP Enforcement
profile selected here. For detailed information, refer to the
section of APP Enforcement profile setup. For
troubleshooting needs, you can specify to record information
for IM/P2P by checking the Log box. It will be sent to
Syslog server. Please refer to section Syslog/Mail Alert for
more detailed information.
URL Content Filter
Select one of the URL Content Filter profile settings
(created in CSM>> URL Content Filter) for applying with
this router. Please set at least one profile for choosing in
CSM>> URL Content Filter web page first. Or choose
[Create New] from the drop down list in this page to create
a new profile. For troubleshooting needs, you can specify to
record information for URL Content Filter by checking
the Log box. It will be sent to Syslog server. Please refer to
section Syslog/Mail Alert for more detailed information.
Web Content Filter
Select one of the Web Content Filter profile settings
(created in CSM>> Web Content Filter) for applying with
this router. Please set at least one profile for anti-virus in
CSM>> Web Content Filter web page first. Or choose
[Create New] from the drop down list in this page to create
a new profile. For troubleshooting needs, you can specify to
record information for Web Content Filter by checking the
Log box. It will be sent to Syslog server. Please refer to
section Syslog/Mail Alert for more detailed information.
Advance Setting
Click Edit to open the following window. However, it is
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strongly recommended to use the default settings here.
Codepage - This function is used to compare the characters
among different languages. Choose correct codepage can
help the system obtaining correct ASCII after decoding data
from URL and enhance the correctness of URL Content
Filter. The default value for this setting is ANSI 1252 Latin
I. If you do not choose any codepage, no decoding job of
URL will be processed. Please use the drop-down list to
choose a codepage.
If you do not have any idea of choosing suitable codepage,
please open Syslog. From Codepage Information of Setup
dialog, you will see the recommended codepage listed on
the dialog box.
Window size – It determines the size of TCP protocol
(0~65535). The more the value is, the better the
performance will be. However, if the network is not stable,
small value will be proper.
Session timeout – Setting timeout for sessions can make
the best utilization of network resources.
After finishing all the settings here, please click OK to save the configuration.
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3.4.3 Filter Setup
Click Firewall and click Filter Setup to open the setup page.
To edit or add a filter, click on the set number to edit the individual set. The following page
will be shown. Each filter set contains up to 7 rules. Click on the rule number button to edit
each rule. Check Active to enable the rule.
Available settings are explained as follows:
Item
Description
Filter Rule
Click a button numbered (1 ~ 7) to edit the filter rule. Click
the button will open Edit Filter Rule web page. For the
detailed information, refer to the following page.
Active
Enable or disable the filter rule.
Comment
Enter filter set comments/description. Maximum length is
23–character long.
Move Up/Down
Use Up or Down link to move the order of the filter rules.
Next Filter Set
Set the link to the next filter set to be executed after the
current filter run. Do not make a loop with many filter sets.
To edit Filter Rule, click the Filter Rule index button to enter the Filter Rule setup page.
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Available settings are explained as follows:
Item
Description
Check to enable the Filter
Rule
Check this box to enable the filter rule.
Comments
Enter filter set comments/description. Maximum length is
14- character long.
Index(1-15)
Set PCs on LAN to work at certain time interval only. You
may choose up to 4 schedules out of the 15 schedules
pre-defined in Applications >> Schedule setup. The
default setting of this field is blank and the function will
always work.
Clear sessions when
schedule ON
Check this box to clear the sessions when the above
schedule profiles are applied.
Direction
Set the direction of packet flow. It is for Data Filter only.
For the Call Filter, this setting is not available since Call
Filter is only applied to outgoing traffic.
Note: RT means routing domain (for Vigor 2860 only)
Source/Destination IP
Click Edit to access into the following dialog to choose the
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source/destination IP or IP ranges.
To set the IP address manually, please choose Any
Address/Single Address/Range Address/Subnet Address
as the Address Type and type them in this dialog. In
addition, if you want to use the IP range from defined
groups or objects, please choose Group and Objects as the
Address Type.
From the IP Group drop down list, choose the one that you
want to apply. Or use the IP Object drop down list to
choose the object that you want. Vigor 2760 supports only
one subnet on the LAN side.
Service Type
Click Edit to access into the following dialog to choose a
suitable service type.
To set the service type manually, please choose User
defined as the Service Type and type them in this dialog. In
addition, if you want to use the service type from defined
groups or objects, please choose Group and Objects as the
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Service Type.
Protocol - Specify the protocol(s) which this filter rule will
apply to.
Source/Destination Port –
(=) – when the first and last value are the same, it indicates
one port; when the first and last values are different, it
indicates a range for the port and available for this service
type.
(!=) – when the first and last value are the same, it
indicates all the ports except the port defined here;
when the first and last values are different, it indicates that
all the ports except the range defined here are available for
this service type.
(>) – the port number greater than this value is available.
(<) – the port number less than this value is available for
this profile.
Service Group/Object - Use the drop down list to choose
the one that you want.
Fragments
Specify the action for fragmented packets. And it is used for
Data Filter only.
Don’t care -No action will be taken towards fragmented
packets.
Unfragmented -Apply the rule to unfragmented packets.
Fragmented - Apply the rule to fragmented packets.
Too Short - Apply the rule only to packets that are too short
to contain a complete header.
Filter
Specifies the action to be taken when packets match the rule.
Block Immediately - Packets matching the rule will be
dropped immediately.
Pass Immediately - Packets matching the rule will be
passed immediately.
Block If No Further Match - A packet matching the rule,
and that does not match further rules, will be dropped.
Pass If No Further Match - A packet matching the rule,
and that does not match further rules, will be passed
through.
Branch to other Filter Set
If the packet matches the filter rule, the next filter rule will
branch to the specified filter set. Select next filter rule to
branch from the drop-down menu. Be aware that the router
will apply the specified filter rule for ever and will not
return to previous filter rule any more.
Sessions Control
The number typed here is the total sessions of the packets
that do not match the filter rule configured in this page. The
default setting is 60000.
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Quality of Service
Choose one of the QoS rules to be applied as firewall rule.
For detailed information of setting QoS, please refer to the
related section later.
APP Enforcement
Select an APP Enforcement profile for global IM/P2P
application blocking. If there is no profile for you to select,
please choose [Create New] from the drop down list in this
page to create a new profile. All the hosts in LAN must
follow the standard configured in the APP Enforcement
profile selected here. For detailed information, refer to the
section of APP Enforcement profile setup. For
troubleshooting needs, you can specify to record information
for IM/P2P by checking the Log box. It will be sent to
Syslog server. Please refer to section Syslog/Mail Alert for
more detailed information.
URL Content Filter
Select one of the URL Content Filter profile settings
(created in CSM>> URL Content Filter) for applying with
this router. Please set at least one profile for choosing in
CSM>> URL Content Filter web page first. Or choose
[Create New] from the drop down list in this page to create
a new profile. For troubleshooting needs, you can specify to
record information for URL Content Filter by checking
the Log box. It will be sent to Syslog server. Please refer to
section Syslog/Mail Alert for more detailed information.
URL Content Filter
Select one of the URL Content Filter profile settings
(created in CSM>> URL Content Filter) for applying with
this router. Please set at least one profile for choosing in
CSM>> URL Content Filter web page first. Or choose
[Create New] from the drop down list in this page to create
a new profile. For troubleshooting needs, you can specify to
record information for URL Content Filter by checking
the Log box. It will be sent to Syslog server. Please refer to
section Syslog/Mail Alert for more detailed information.
Web Content Filter
Select one of the Web Content Filter profile settings
(created in CSM>> Web Content Filter) for applying with
this router. Please set at least one profile for anti-virus in
CSM>> Web Content Filter web page first. Or choose
[Create New] from the drop down list in this page to create
a new profile. For troubleshooting needs, you can specify to
record information for Web Content Filter by checking the
Log box. It will be sent to Syslog server. Please refer to
section Syslog/Mail Alert for more detailed information.
Advance Setting
Click Edit to open the following window. However, it is
strongly recommended to use the default settings here.
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Codepage - This function is used to compare the characters
among different languages. Choose correct codepage can
help the system obtaining correct ASCII after decoding data
from URL and enhance the correctness of URL Content
Filter. The default value for this setting is ANSI 1252 Latin
I. If you do not choose any codepage, no decoding job of
URL will be processed. Please use the drop-down list to
choose a codepage.
If you do not have any idea of choosing suitable codepage,
please open Syslog. From Codepage Information of Setup
dialog, you will see the recommended codepage listed on
the dialog box.
Window size – It determines the size of TCP protocol
(0~65535). The more the value is, the better the
performance will be. However, if the network is not stable,
small value will be proper.
Session timeout–Setting timeout for sessions can make the
best utilization of network resources. However, Queue
timeout is configured for TCP protocol only; session
timeout is configured for the data flow which matched with
the firewall rule.
DrayTek Banner – Please uncheck this box and the
following screen will not be shown for the unreachable web
page. The default setting is Enabled.
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Strict Security Checking - All the packets, while
transmitting through Vigor router, will be filtered by
firewall settings configured by Vigor router. When the
resource is inadequate, the packets will be blocked if Strict
Security Checking is enabled. If Strict Security Checking is
not enabled, then the packets will pass through the router.
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Example
As stated before, all the traffic will be separated and arbitrated using on of two IP filters: call
filter or data filter. You may preset 12 call filters and data filters in Filter Setup and even link
them in a serial manner. Each filter set is composed by 7 filter rules, which can be further
defined. After that, in General Setup you may specify one set for call filter and one set for
data filter to execute first.
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3.4.4 DoS Defense
As a sub-functionality of IP Filter/Firewall, there are 15 types of detect/ defense function in
the DoS Defense setup. The DoS Defense functionality is disabled for default.
Click Firewall and click DoS Defense to open the setup page.
Available settings are explained as follows:
Item
Description
Enable Dos Defense
Check the box to activate the DoS Defense Functionality.
Select All
Click this button to select all the items listed below.
Enable SYN flood defense
Check the box to activate the SYN flood defense function.
Once detecting the Threshold of the TCP SYN packets from
the Internet has exceeded the defined value, the Vigor
router will start to randomly discard the subsequent TCP
SYN packets for a period defined in Timeout. The goal for
this is prevent the TCP SYN packets’ attempt to exhaust the
limited-resource of Vigor router.
By default, the threshold and timeout values are set to 2000
packets per second and 10 seconds, respectively. That
means, when 2000 packets per second received, they will be
regarded as “attack event” and the session will be paused
for 10 seconds.
Enable UDP flood defense
Check the box to activate the UDP flood defense function.
Once detecting the Threshold of the UDP packets from the
Internet has exceeded the defined value, the Vigor router
will start to randomly discard the subsequent UDP packets
for a period defined in Timeout.
The default setting for threshold and timeout are 2000
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packets per second and 10 seconds, respectively. That
means, when 2000 packets per second received, they will be
regarded as “attack event” and the session will be paused
for 10 seconds.
Enable ICMP flood
defense
Check the box to activate the ICMP flood defense function.
Similar to the UDP flood defense function, once if the
Threshold of ICMP packets from Internet has exceeded the
defined value, the router will discard the ICMP echo
requests coming from the Internet.
The default setting for threshold and timeout are 250 packets
per second and 10 seconds, respectively. That means, when
250 packets per second received, they will be regarded as
“attack event” and the session will be paused for 10
seconds.
Enable PortScan
detection
Port Scan attacks the Vigor router by sending lots of packets
to many ports in an attempt to find ignorant services would
respond. Check the box to activate the Port Scan detection.
Whenever detecting this malicious exploration behavior by
monitoring the port-scanning Threshold rate, the Vigor
router will send out a warning.
By default, the Vigor router sets the threshold as 2000
packets per second. That means, when 2000 packets per
second received, they will be regarded as “attack event”.
Block IP options
Check the box to activate the Block IP options function.
The Vigor router will ignore any IP packets with IP option
field in the datagram header. The reason for limitation is IP
option appears to be a vulnerability of the security for the
LAN because it will carry significant information, such as
security, TCC (closed user group) parameters, a series of
Internet addresses, routing messages...etc. An eavesdropper
outside might learn the details of your private networks.
Block Land
Check the box to enforce the Vigor router to defense the
Land attacks. The Land attack combines the SYN attack
technology with IP spoofing. A Land attack occurs when an
attacker sends spoofed SYN packets with the identical
source and destination addresses, as well as the port number
to victims.
Block Smurf
Check the box to activate the Block Smurf function. The
Vigor router will ignore any broadcasting ICMP echo
request.
Block trace router
Check the box to enforce the Vigor router not to forward any
trace route packets.
Block SYN fragment
Check the box to activate the Block SYN fragment function.
The Vigor router will drop any packets having SYN flag and
more fragment bit set.
Block Fraggle Attack
Check the box to activate the Block fraggle Attack function.
Any broadcast UDP packets received from the Internet is
blocked.
Activating the DoS/DDoS defense functionality might
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block some legal packets. For example, when you activate
the fraggle attack defense, all broadcast UDP packets
coming from the Internet are blocked. Therefore, the RIP
packets from the Internet might be dropped.
Block TCP flag scan
Check the box to activate the Block TCP flag scan function.
Any TCP packet with anomaly flag setting is dropped. Those
scanning activities include no flag scan, FIN without ACK
scan, SYN FINscan, Xmas scan and full Xmas scan.
Block Tear Drop
Check the box to activate the Block Tear Drop function.
Many machines may crash when receiving ICMP datagrams
(packets) that exceed the maximum length. To avoid this
type of attack, the Vigor router is designed to be capable of
discarding any fragmented ICMP packets with a length
greater than 1024 octets.
Block Ping of Death
Check the box to activate the Block Ping of Death function.
This attack involves the perpetrator sending overlapping
packets to the target hosts so that those target hosts will
hang once they re-construct the packets. The Vigor routers
will block any packets realizing this attacking activity.
Block ICMP Fragment
Check the box to activate the Block ICMP fragment
function. Any ICMP packets with more fragment bit set are
dropped.
Block Unassigned
Numbers
Check the box to activate the Block Unknown Protocol
function. Individual IP packet has a protocol field in the
datagram header to indicate the protocol type running over
the upper layer. However, the protocol types greater than 100
are reserved and undefined at this time. Therefore, the router
should have ability to detect and reject this kind of packets.
Warning Messages
We provide Syslog function for user to retrieve message
from Vigor router. The user, as a Syslog Server, shall receive
the report sending from Vigor router which is a Syslog
Client.
All the warning messages related to DoS Defense will be
sent to user and user can review it through Syslog daemon.
Look for the keyword DoS in the message, followed by a
name to indicate what kind of attacks is detected.
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3.5 Objects Settings
For IPs in a range and service ports in a limited range usually will be applied in configuring
router’s settings, therefore we can define them with objects and bind them with groups for
using conveniently. Later, we can select that object/group that can apply it. For example, all
the IPs in the same department can be defined with an IP object (a range of IP address).
3.5.1 IP Object
You can set up to 192 sets of IP Objects with different conditions.
Available settings are explained as follows:
Item
Description
Set to Factory Default
Clear all profiles.
Index
Display the profile number that you can configure.
Name
Display the name of the object profile.
To set a new profile, please do the steps listed below:
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1. Click the number (e.g., #1) under Index column for configuration in details.
2. The configuration page will be shown as follows:
Available settings are explained as follows:
Item
Description
Name
Type a name for this profile. Maximum 15 characters are
allowed.
Interface
Choose a proper interface.
For example, the Direction setting in Edit Filter Rule will
ask you specify IP or IP range for WAN or LAN or any IP
address. If you choose LAN as the Interface here, and
choose LAN as the direction setting in Edit Filter Rule,
then all the IP addresses specified with LAN interface will
be opened for you to choose in Edit Filter Rule page.
3.
Address Type
Vigor 2760 supports one LAN IP subnet (on IPv4). You can
select a single address or the whole local subject.
MAC Address
Type the MAC address of the network card which will be
controlled.
Start IP Address
Type the start IP address for Single Address type.
End IP Address
Type the end IP address if the Range Address type is
selected.
Subnet Mask
Type the subnet mask if the Subnet Address type is
selected.
Invert Selection
If it is checked, all the IP addresses except the ones listed
above will be applied later while it is chosen.
After finishing all the settings here, please click OK to save the configuration. Below is
an example of IP objects settings.
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3.5.2 IP Group
This page allows you to bind several IP objects into one IP group.
Available settings are explained as follows:
Item
Description
Set to Factory Default
Clear all profiles.
Index
Display the profile number that you can configure.
Name
Display the name of the group profile.
To set a new profile, please do the steps listed below:
1. Click the number (e.g., #1) under Index column for configuration in details.
2. The configuration page will be shown as follows:
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Available settings are explained as follows:
3.
Item
Description
Name
Type a name for this profile. Maximum 15 characters are
allowed.
Interface
Choose WAN, LAN or Any to display all the available IP
objects with the specified interface.
Available IP Objects
All the available IP objects with the specified interface
chosen above will be shown in this box.
Selected IP Objects
Click >> button to add the selected IP objects in this box.
After finishing all the settings here, please click OK to save the configuration.
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3.5.3 IPv6 Object
You can set up to 64 sets of IPv6 Objects with different conditions.
Available settings are explained as follows:
Item
Description
Set to Factory Default
Clear all profiles.
Index
Display the profile number that you can configure.
Name
Display the name of the object profile.
To set a new profile, please do the steps listed below:
1. Click the number (e.g., #1) under Index column for configuration in details.
2. The configuration page will be shown as follows:
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Available settings are explained as follows:
3.
Item
Description
Name
Type a name for this profile. Maximum 15 characters are
allowed.
Address Type
Determine the address type for the IPv6 address.
Select Single Address if this object contains one IPv6
address only.
Select Range Address if this object contains several IPv6s
within a range.
Select Subnet Address if this object contains one subnet
for IPv6 address.
Select Any Address if this object contains any IPv6
address.
Select Mac Address if this object contains Mac address.
Mac Address
Type the MAC address of the network card which will be
controlled.
Start IP Address
Type the start IP address for Single Address type.
End IP Address
Type the end IP address if the Range Address type is
selected.
Prefix Len
Type the number (e.g., 64) for the prefix length of IPv6
address.
Invert Selection
If it is checked, all the IPv6 addresses except the ones listed
above will be applied later while it is chosen.
After finishing all the settings, please click OK to save the configuration.
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3.5.4 IPv6 Group
This page allows you to bind several IPv6 objects into one IPv6 group.
Available settings are explained as follows:
Item
Description
Set to Factory Default
Clear all profiles.
Index
Display the profile number that you can configure.
Name
Display the name of the group profile.
To set a new profile, please do the steps listed below:
1. Click the number (e.g., #1) under Index column for configuration in details.
2. The configuration page will be shown as follows:
Available settings are explained as follows:
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3.
Item
Description
Name
Type a name for this profile. Maximum 15 characters are
allowed.
Available IPv6
Objects
All the available IPv6 objects with the specified interface
chosen above will be shown in this box.
Selected IPv6 Objects
Click >> button to add the selected IPv6 objects in this box.
After finishing all the settings, please click OK to save the configuration.
3.5.5 Service Type Object
You can set up to 96 sets of Service Type Objects with different conditions.
Available settings are explained as follows:
Item
Description
Set to Factory Default
Clear all profiles.
Index
Display the profile number that you can configure.
Name
Display the name of the object profile.
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To set a new profile, please do the steps listed below:
1. Click the number (e.g., #1) under Index column for configuration in details.
2. The configuration page will be shown as follows:
Available settings are explained as follows:
Item
Description
Name
Type a name for this profile. Maximum 15 characters are
allowed.
Protocol
Specify the protocol(s) which this profile will apply to.
Source/Destination
Port
Source Port and the Destination Port column are available
for TCP/UDP protocol. It can be ignored for other
protocols. The filter rule will filter out any port number.
(=) – when the first and last value are the same, it indicates
one port; when the first and last values are different, it
indicates a range for the port and available for this profile.
(!=) – when the first and last value are the same, it
indicates all the ports except the port defined here;
when the first and last values are different, it indicates that
all the ports except the range defined here are available for
this service type.
(>) – the port number greater than this value is available.
(<) – the port number less than this value is available for
this profile.
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3.
After finishing all the settings, please click OK to save the configuration.
3.5.6 Service Type Group
This page allows you to bind several service types into one group.
Available settings are explained as follows:
Item
Description
Set to Factory Default
Clear all profiles.
Index
Display the profile number that you can configure.
Name
Display the name of the group profile.
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To set a new profile, please do the steps listed below:
1. Click the number (e.g., #1) under Group column for configuration in details.
2. The configuration page will be shown as follows:
Available settings are explained as follows:
3.
Item
Description
Name
Type a name for this profile. Maximum 15 characters are
allowed.
Available Service
Type Objects
All the available service objects that you have added on
Objects Setting>>Service Type Object will be shown in
this box.
Selected Service Type
Objects
Click >> button to add the selected IP objects in this box.
After finishing all the settings, please click OK to save the configuration.
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3.5.7 Keyword Object
You can set 200 keyword object profiles for choosing as black /white list in CSM >>URL
Web Content Filter Profile.
Available settings are explained as follows:
Item
Description
Set to Factory Default
Clear all profiles.
Index
Display the profile number that you can configure.
Name
Display the name of the object profile.
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To set a new profile, please do the steps listed below:
1. Click the number (e.g., #1) under Index column for configuration in details.
2. The configuration page will be shown as follows:
Available settings are explained as follows:
3.
Item
Description
Name
Type a name for this profile, e.g., game. Maximum 15
characters are allowed.
Contents
Type the content for such profile. For example, type
gambling as Contents. When you browse the webpage, the
page with gambling information will be watched out and be
passed/blocked based on the configuration on Firewall
settings.
After finishing all the settings, please click OK to save the configuration.
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3.5.8 Keyword Group
This page allows you to bind several keyword objects into one group. The keyword groups set
here will be chosen as black /white list in CSM >>URL /Web Content Filter Profile.
Available settings are explained as follows:
Item
Description
Set to Factory Default
Clear all profiles.
Index
Display the profile number that you can configure.
Name
Display the name of the group profile.
To set a new profile, please do the steps listed below:
1. Click the number (e.g., #1) under Index column for configuration in details.
2. The configuration page will be shown as follows:
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Available settings are explained as follows:
Item
Description
Name
Type a name for this group. Maximum 15 characters are
allowed.
Available Keyword
Objects
You can gather keyword objects from Keyword Object
page within one keyword group. All the available
Keyword objects that you have created will be shown in
this box.
Selected Keyword
Objects
3.
Click
in this box.
button to add the selected Keyword objects
After finishing all the settings, please click OK to save the configuration.
3.5.9 File Extension Object
This page allows you to set eight profiles which will be applied in CSM>>URL Content
Filter. All the files with the extension names specified in these profiles will be processed
according to the chosen action.
Available settings are explained as follows:
Item
Description
Set to Factory Default
Clear all profiles.
Index
Display the profile number that you can configure.
Name
Display the name of the object profile.
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To set a new profile, please do the steps listed below:
1. Click the number (e.g., #1) under Profile column for configuration in details.
2. The configuration page will be shown as follows:
Available settings are explained as follows:
3.
Item
Description
Profile Name
Type a name for this profile. The maximum length of the
name you can set is 7 characters.
Type a name for such profile and check all the items of file extension that will be
processed in the router. Finally, click OK to save this profile.
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3.5.10 SMS/Mail Service Object
SMS Service Object
This page allows you to set ten profiles which will be applied in Application>>SMS/Mail
Alert Service.
Each item is explained as follows:
Item
Description
Set to Factory Default
Clear all of the settings and return to factory default
settings.
Index
Display the profile number that you can configure.
Profile
Display the name for such SMS profile.
SMS Provider
Display the service provider which offers SMS service.
To set a new profile, please do the steps listed below:
1. Click the SMS Provider tab, and click the number (e.g., #1) under Index column for
configuration in details.
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2. The configuration page will be shown as follows:
Available settings are explained as follows:
Item
Description
Profile Name
Type a name for such SMS profile. The maximum length of
the name you can set is 31 characters.
Service Provider
Use the drop down list to specify the service provider which
offers SMS service.
Username
Type a user name that the sender can use to register to
selected SMS provider.
The maximum length of the name you can set is 31
characters.
Password
Type a password that the sender can use to register to
selected SMS provider.
The maximum length of the password you can set is 31
characters.
Quota
Type the number of the credit that you purchase from the
service provider chosen above.
Note that one credit equals to one SMS text message on the
standard route.
Sending Interval
To avoid quota being exhausted soon, type time interval for
sending the SMS.
3. After finishing all the settings here, please click OK to save the configuration.
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Customized SMS Service
Vigor router offers several SMS service provider to offer the SMS service. However, if your
service provider cannot be found from the service provider list, simply use Index 9 and Index
10 to make customized SMS service. The profile name for Index 9 and Index 10 are fixed.
You can click the number (e.g., #9) under Index column for configuration in details.
Available settings are explained as follows:
Item
Description
Profile Name
Display the name of this profile. It cannot be modified.
Service Provider
Type the website of the service provider.
Type the URL string in the box under the filed of Service
Provider. You have to contact your SMS provider to obtain
the exact URL string.
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Username
Type a user name that the sender can use to register to
selected SMS provider.
The maximum length of the name you can set is 31
characters.
Password
Type a password that the sender can use to register to
selected SMS provider.
The maximum length of the password you can set is 31
characters.
Quota
Type the total number of the messages that the router will
send out.
Sending Interval
Type the shortest time interval for the system to send SMS.
After finishing all the settings here, please click OK to save the configuration.
Mail Service Object
This page allows you to set ten profiles which will be applied in Application>>SMS/Mail
Alert Service.
Each item is explained as follows:
Item
Description
Set to Factory Default
Clear all of the settings and return to factory default
settings.
Index
Display the profile number that you can configure.
Profile
Display the name for such mail server profile.
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To set a new profile, please do the steps listed below:
1. Click the Mail Server tab, and click the number (e.g., #1) under Index column for
configuration in details.
2. The configuration page will be shown as follows:
Available settings are explained as follows:
Item
Description
Profile Name
Type a name for such mail service profile. The maximum
length of the name you can set is 31 characters.
SMTP Server
Type the IP address of the mail server. The maximum
length of the name you can set is 63 characters.
SMTP Port
Type the port number for SMTP server.
Sender Address
Type the e-mail address of the sender.
Use SSL
Check this box to use port 465 for SMTP server for some
e-mail server uses https as the transmission method.
Authentication
The mail server must be authenticated with the correct
username and password to have the right of sending
message out. Check the box to enable the function.
Username – Type a name for authentication. The
maximum length of the name you can set is 31 characters.
Password – Type a password for authentication. The
maximum length of the password you can set is 31
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characters.
Sending Interval
Define the interval for the system to send the SMS out.
3. After finishing all the settings here, please click OK to save the configuration.
3.5.11 Notification Object
This page allows you to set ten profiles which will be applied in Application>>SMS/Mail
Alert Service.
You can set an object with different monitoring situation.
To set a new profile, please do the steps listed below:
1. Open Object Setting>>Notification Object, and click the number (e.g., #1) under Index
column for configuration in details.
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2. The configuration page will be shown as follows:
Available settings are explained as follows:
Item
Description
Profile Name
Type a name for such notification profile. The maximum
length of the name you can set is 15 characters.
Category
Display the types that will be monitored.
Status
Display the status for the category. You can check the box
you want to be monitored.
3. After finishing all the settings here, please click OK to save the configuration.
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3.6 CSM Profile
Content Security Management (CSM)
CSM is an abbreviation of Content Security Management which is used to control IM/P2P
usage, filter the web content and URL content to reach a goal of security management.
APP Enforcement Filter
As the popularity of all kinds of instant messenger application arises, communication cannot
become much easier. Nevertheless, while some industry may leverage this as a great tool to
connect with their customers, some industry may take reserve attitude in order to reduce
employee misusage during office hour or prevent unknown security leak. It is similar situation
for corporation towards peer-to-peer applications since file-sharing can be convenient but
insecure at the same time. To address these needs, we provide CSM functionality.
URL Content Filter
To provide an appropriate cyberspace to users, Vigor router equips with URL Content Filter
not only to limit illegal traffic from/to the inappropriate web sites but also prohibit other web
feature where malicious code may conceal.
Once a user type in or click on an URL with objectionable keywords, URL keyword blocking
facility will decline the HTTP request to that web page thus can limit user’s access to the
website. You may imagine URL Content Filter as a well-trained convenience-store clerk who
won’t sell adult magazines to teenagers. At office, URL Content Filter can also provide a
job-related only environment hence to increase the employee work efficiency. How can URL
Content Filter work better than traditional firewall in the field of filtering? Because it checks
the URL strings or some of HTTP data hiding in the payload of TCP packets while legacy
firewall inspects packets based on the fields of TCP/IP headers only.
On the other hand, Vigor router can prevent user from accidentally downloading malicious
codes from web pages. It’s very common that malicious codes conceal in the executable objects,
such as ActiveX, Java Applet, compressed files, and other executable files. Once downloading
these types of files from websites, you may risk bringing threat to your system. For example, an
ActiveX control object is usually used for providing interactive web feature. If malicious code
hides inside, it may occupy user’s system.
Web Content Filter
We all know that the content on the Internet just like other types of media may be
inappropriate sometimes. As a responsible parent or employer, you should protect those in your
trust against the hazards. With Web filtering service of the Vigor router, you can protect your
business from common primary threats, such as productivity, legal liability, network and
security threats. For parents, you can protect your children from viewing adult websites or chat
rooms.
Once you have activated your Web Filtering service in Vigor router and chosen the categories of
website you wish to restrict, each URL address requested (e.g.www.bbc.co.uk) will be checked
against our server database. This database is updated as frequent as daily by a global team of
Internet researchers. The server will look up the URL and return a category to your router. Your
Vigor router will then decide whether to allow access to this site according to the categories you
have selected. Please note that this action will not introduce any delay in your Web surfing
because each of multiple load balanced database servers can handle millions of requests for
categorization.
Note: The priority of URL Content Filter is higher than Web Content Filter.
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3.6.1 APP Enforcement Profile
You can define policy profiles for IM (Instant Messenger)/P2P (Peer to Peer)/Protocol/Misc
application. This page allows you to set 32 profiles for different requirements. The APP
Enforcement Profile will be applied in Default Rule of Firewall>>General Setup for
filtering.
Available settings are explained as follows:
Item
Description
Set to Factory Default
Clear all profiles.
Profile
Display the number of the profile which allows you to click
to set different policy.
Name
Display the name of the APP Enforcement Profile.
Click the number under Index column for settings in detail.
There are four tabs IM, P2P, Protocol and Misc displayed on this page. Each tab will bring out
different items that you can choose to disallow people using.
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Below shows the items which are categorized under Protocol.
Available settings are explained as follows:
Item
Description
Profile Name
Type a name for the CSM profile. The maximum length of
the name you can set is 15 characters.
Select All
Click it to choose all of the items in this page.
Clear All
Uncheck all the selected boxes.
The profiles configured here can be applied in the Firewall>>General Setup and
Firewall>>Filter Setup pages as the standard for the host(s) to follow.
Below shows the items which are categorized under IM.
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The items categorized under P2P -----
The items categorized under OTHERS-----
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3.6.2 URL Content Filter Profile
To provide an appropriate cyberspace to users, Vigor router equips with URL Content Filter
not only to limit illegal traffic from/to the inappropriate web sites but also prohibit other web
feature where malicious code may conceal.
Once a user type in or click on an URL with objectionable keywords, URL keyword blocking
facility will decline the HTTP request to that web page thus can limit user’s access to the
website. You may imagine URL Content Filter as a well-trained convenience-store clerk who
won’t sell adult magazines to teenagers. At office, URL Content Filter can also provide a
job-related only environment hence to increase the employee work efficiency. How can URL
Content Filter work better than traditional firewall in the field of filtering? Because it checks
the URL strings or some of HTTP data hiding in the payload of TCP packets while legacy
firewall inspects packets based on the fields of TCP/IP headers only.
On the other hand, Vigor router can prevent user from accidentally downloading malicious
codes from web pages. It’s very common that malicious codes conceal in the executable objects,
such as ActiveX, Java Applet, compressed files, and other executable files. Once downloading
these types of files from websites, you may risk bringing threat to your system. For example, an
ActiveX control object is usually used for providing interactive web feature. If malicious code
hides inside, it may occupy user’s system.
For example, if you add key words such as “sex”, Vigor router will limit web access to web
sites or web pages such as “www.sex.com”, ”www.backdoor.net/images/sex/p_386.html”. Or
you may simply specify the full or partial URL such as “www.sex.com” or “sex.com”.
Also the Vigor router will discard any request that tries to retrieve the malicious code.
Click CSM and click URL Content Filter Profile to open the profile setting page.
Each item is explained as follows:
Item
Description
Set to Factory Default
Clear all profiles.
Profile
Display the number of the profile which allows you to click
to set different policy.
Name
Display the name of the URL Content Filter Profile.
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Administration Message
You can type the message manually for your necessity.
Default Message - You can type the message manually for
your necessity or click this button to get the default message
which will be displayed on the field of Administration
Message.
You can set eight profiles as URL content filter. Simply click the index number under Profile
to open the following web page.
Available settings are explained as follows:
Item
Description
Profile Name
Type a name for the CSM profile. The maximum length of
the name you can set is 15 characters.
Priority
It determines the action that this router will apply.
Both: Pass – The router will let all the packages that match
with the conditions specified in URL Access Control and
Web Feature below passing through. When you choose this
setting, both configuration set in this page for URL Access
Control and Web Feature will be inactive.
Both:Block –The router will block all the packages that
match with the conditions specified in URL Access Control
and Web Feature below. When you choose this setting, both
configuration set in this page for URL Access Control and
Web Feature will be inactive.
Either: URL Access Control First – When all the
packages matching with the conditions specified in URL
Access Control and Web Feature below, such function can
determine the priority for the actions executed. For this one,
the router will process the packages with the conditions set
below for URL first, then Web feature second.
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Either: Web Feature First –When all the packages
matching with the conditions specified in URL Access
Control and Web Feature below, such function can
determine the priority for the actions executed. For this one,
the router will process the packages with the conditions set
below for web feature first, then URL second.
Log
None – There is no log file will be recorded for this profile.
Pass – Only the log about Pass will be recorded in Syslog.
Block – Only the log about Block will be recorded in
Syslog.
All – All the actions (Pass and Block) will be recorded in
Syslog.
URL Access Control
Enable URL Access Control - Check the box to activate
URL Access Control. Note that the priority for URL
Access Control is higher than Restrict Web Feature. If
the web content match the setting set in URL Access
Control, the router will execute the action specified in this
field and ignore the action specified under Restrict Web
Feature.
Prevent web access from IP address - Check the box to
deny any web surfing activity using IP address, such as
http://202.6.3.2. The reason for this is to prevent someone
dodges the URL Access Control. You must clear your
browser cache first so that the URL content filtering facility
operates properly on a web page that you visited before.
Action – This setting is available only when Either : URL
Access Control First or Either : Web Feature First is
selected. Pass - Allow accessing into the corresponding
webpage with the keywords listed on the box below.
Block - Restrict accessing into the corresponding webpage
with the keywords listed on the box below.
If the web pages do not match with the keyword set here, it
will be processed with reverse action.
Group/Object Selections – The Vigor router provides
several frames for users to define keywords and each frame
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supports multiple keywords. The keyword could be a noun,
a partial noun, or a complete URL string. Multiple
keywords within a frame are separated by space, comma, or
semicolon. In addition, the maximal length of each frame is
32-character long. After specifying keywords, the Vigor
router will decline the connection request to the website
whose URL string matched to any user-defined keyword. It
should be noticed that the more simplified the blocking
keyword list is, the more efficiently the Vigor router
performs.
Web Feature
Enable Restrict Web Feature - Check this box to make
the keyword being blocked or passed.
Action - This setting is available only when Either: URL
Access Control First or Either: Web Feature Firs is
selected. Pass allows accessing into the corresponding
webpage with the keywords listed on the box below.
Pass - Allow accessing into the corresponding webpage
with the keywords listed on the box below.
Block - Restrict accessing into the corresponding webpage
with the keywords listed on the box below.
If the web pages do not match with the specified feature set
here, it will be processed with reverse action.
Cookie - Check the box to filter out the cookie transmission
from inside to outside world to protect the local user's
privacy.
Proxy - Check the box to reject any proxy transmission. To
control efficiently the limited-bandwidth usage, it will be of
great value to provide the blocking mechanism that filters
out the multimedia files downloading from web pages.
Upload – Check the box to block the file upload by way of
web page.
File Extension Profile – Choose one of the profiles that
you configured in Object Setting>> File Extension
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Objects previously for passing or blocking the file
downloading.
After finishing all the settings, please click OK to save the configuration.
3.6.3 Web Content Filter Profile
There are three ways to activate WCF on vigor router, using Service Activation Wizard, by
means of CSM>>Web Content Filter Profile or via System Maintenance>>Activation.
Service Activation Wizard allows you to use trial version or update the license of WCF
directly without accessing into the server (MyVigor) located on http://myvigor.draytek.com.
However, if you use the Web Content Filter Profile page to activate WCF feature, it is
necessary for you to access into the server (MyVigor) located on http://myvigor.draytek.com.
Therefore, you need to register an account on http://myvigor.draytek.com for using
corresponding service. Please refer to section of creating MyVigor account.
Note: If you have used Service Activation Wizard to activate WCF service, you can skip
this section.
WCF adopts the mechanism developed and offered by certain service provider (e.g., DrayTek).
No matter activating WCF feature or getting a new license for web content filter, you have to
click Activate to satisfy your request. Be aware that service provider matching with Vigor
router currently offers a period of time for trial version for users to experiment. If you want to
purchase a formal edition, simply contact with the channel partner or your dealer.
Click CSM and click Web Content Filter Profile to open the profile setting page. The default
setting for Setup Query Server /Setup Test Server is auto-selected. You can choose another
server for your necessity by clicking Find more to open http://myvigor.draytek.com for
searching another qualified and suitable one.
Note 1: Web Content Filter (WCF) uses an external service powered by
Commtouch/Cyren.. If you want to use such service (trial or subscription), you have to
activate the service first. For subscriptions, please contact your dealer.
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Available settings are explained as follows:
Item
Description
Activate
Click it to access into MyVigor for activating WCF service.
Setup Query Server
It is recommended for you to use the default setting,
auto-selected. You need to specify a server for categorize
searching when you type URL in browser based on the web
content filter profile.
Setup Test Server
It is recommended for you to use the default setting,
auto-selected.
Find more
Click it to open http://myvigor.draytek.com for searching
another qualified and suitable server.
Test a site to verify
whether it is categorized
Click this link to do the verification.
Set to Factory Default
Click this link to retrieve the factory settings.
Default Message
You can type the message manually for your necessity or
click this button to get the default message which will be
displayed on the field of Administration Message.
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Cache
None – the router will check the URL that the user wants to
access via WCF precisely, however, the processing rate is
normal. Such item can provide the most accurate URL
matching.
L1 – the router will check the URL that the user wants to
access via WCF. If the URL has been accessed previously,
it will be stored for a short time (about 1 second) in the
router to be accessed quickly if required. Such item can
provide accurate URL matching with faster rate.
L2 – the router will check the URL that the user wants to
access via WCF. If the data has been accessed previously,
the IP addresses of source and destination IDs will be
memorized for a short time (about 1 second) in the router.
When the user tries to access the same destination ID, the
router will check it by comparing the record stored. If it
matches, the page will be retrieved quickly. Such item can
provide URL matching with the fastest rate.
L1+L2 Cache – the router will check the URL with fast
processing rate combining the feature of L1 and L2.
Eight profiles are provided here as Web content filters. Simply click the index number under
Profile to open the following web page. The items listed in Categories will be changed
according to the different service providers. If you have and activate another web content filter
license, the items will be changed simultaneously. All of the configuration made for web
content filter will be deleted automatically. Therefore, please backup your data before you
change the web content filter license.
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Available settings are explained as follows:
Item
Description
Profile Name
Type a name for the CSM profile. The maximum length of
the name you can set is 15 characters.
Black/White List
Enable – Activate white/black list function for such profile.
Group/Object Selections – Click Edit to choose the group
or object profile as the content of white/black list.
Pass - allow accessing into the corresponding webpage
with the characters listed on Group/Object Selections. If
the web pages do not match with the specified feature set
here, they will be processed with the categories listed on the
box below.
Block - restrict accessing into the corresponding webpage
with the characters listed on Group/Object Selections.
If the web pages do not match with the specified feature set
here, they will be processed with the categories listed on the
box below.
Action
Pass - allow accessing into the corresponding webpage with
the categories listed on the box below.
Block - restrict accessing into the corresponding webpage
with the categories listed on the box below.
If the web pages do not match with the specified feature set
here, it will be processed with reverse action.
Log
None – There is no log file will be recorded for this profile.
Pass – Only the log about Pass will be recorded in Syslog.
Block – Only the log about Block will be recorded in
Syslog.
All – All the actions (Pass and Block) will be recorded in
Syslog.
After finishing all the settings, please click OK to save the configuration.
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3.6.4 DNS Filter
The DNS Filter monitors DNS queries on UDP port 53 and will pass the DNS query
information to the WCF to help with categorizing HTTPS URL's.
Note: For DNS filter must use the WCF service profile to filter the packets, therefore WCF
license must be activated first. Otherwise, DNS filter does not have any effect on packets.
Available settings are explained as follows:
Item
Description
DNS Filter
Check Enable to enable such feature.
Syslog
The filtering result can be recorded according to the setting
selected for Syslog.
None – There is no log file will be recorded for this profile.
Pass – Only the log about Pass will be recorded in Syslog.
Block – Only the log about Block will be recorded in
Syslog.
All – All the actions (Pass and Block) will be recorded in
Syslog.
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Service
Set the filtering conditions. Specify one of the WCF
profiles as Service.
Choose the WCF profiles to apply DNS filter.
Cache Time (hour)
Set the time for DNS query.
Administration Message
Type the words or sentences which will be displayed when
a web page is blocked by Vigor router.
After finishing all the settings, please click OK to save the configuration.
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3.7 Bandwidth Management
Below shows the menu items for Bandwidth Management.
3.7.1 Sessions Limit
A PC with private IP address can access to the Internet via NAT router. The router will
generate the records of NAT sessions for such connection. The P2P (Peer to Peer) applications
(e.g., BitTorrent) always need many sessions for procession and also they will occupy over
resources which might result in important accesses impacted. To solve the problem, you can
use limit session to limit the session procession for specified Hosts.
In the Bandwidth Management menu, click Sessions Limit to open the web page.
To activate the function of limit session, simply click Enable and set the default session limit.
Available settings are explained as follows:
Item
Description
Session Limit
Enable - Click this button to activate the function of limit
session.
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Disable - Click this button to close the function of limit
session.
Default session limit - Defines the default session number
used for each computer in LAN.
Limitation List
Displays a list of specific limitations that you set on this
web page.
Specific Limitation
Start IP- Defines the start IP address for limit session.
End IP - Defines the end IP address for limit session.
Maximum Sessions - Defines the available session number
for each host in the specific range of IP addresses. If you do
not set the session number in this field, the system will use
the default session limit for the specific limitation you set
for each index.
Add - Adds the specific session limitation onto the list
above.
Edit - Allows you to edit the settings for the selected
limitation.
Delete - Remove the selected settings existing on the
limitation list.
Administration Message
Type the words which will be displayed when reaches the
maximum number of Internet sessions permitted.
Default Message - Click this button to apply the default
message offered by the router.
Time Schedule
Index (1-15) in Schedule Setup - You can type in four sets
of time schedule for your request. All the schedules can be
set previously in Application >> Schedule web page and
you can use the number that you have set in that web page.
After finishing all the settings, please click OK to save the configuration.
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3.7.2 Bandwidth Limit
The downstream or upstream from FTP, HTTP or some P2P applications will occupy large of
bandwidth and affect the applications for other programs. Please use Limit Bandwidth to make
the bandwidth usage more efficient.
In the Bandwidth Management menu, click Bandwidth Limit to open the web page.
To activate the function of limit bandwidth, simply click Enable and set the default upstream
and downstream limit.
Available settings are explained as follows:
Item
Description
Bandwidth Limit
Enable - Click this button to activate the function of limit
bandwidth.
Disable - Click this button to close the function of limit
bandwidth.
Default TX limit - Define the default speed of the upstream
for each computer in LAN.
Default RX limit - Define the default speed of the
downstream for each computer in LAN.
Allow auto adjustment….- Check this box to make the
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best utilization of available bandwidth.
Limitation List
Display a list of specific limitations that you set on this web
page.
Specific Limitation
Start IP - Define the start IP address for limit bandwidth.
End IP - Define the end IP address for limit bandwidth.
Each /Shared - Select Each to make each IP within the
range of Start IP and End IP having the same speed defined
in TX limit and RX limit fields; select Shared to make all
the IPs within the range of Start IP and End IP share the
speed defined in TX limit and RX limit fields.
TX limit - Define the limitation for the speed of the
upstream. If you do not set the limit in this field, the system
will use the default speed for the specific limitation you set
for each index.
RX limit - Define the limitation for the speed of the
downstream. If you do not set the limit in this field, the
system will use the default speed for the specific limitation
you set for each index.
Add - Add the specific speed limitation onto the list above.
Edit - Allow you to edit the settings for the selected
limitation.
Delete - Remove the selected settings existing on the
limitation list.
Smart Bandwidth Limit
Check this box to have the bandwidth limit determined by
the system automatically.
TX limit - Define the limitation for the speed of the
upstream. If you do not set the limit in this field, the system
will use the default speed for the specific limitation you set
for each index.
RX limit - Define the limitation for the speed of the
downstream. If you do not set the limit in this field, the
system will use the default speed for the specific limitation
you set for each index.
Time Schedule
Index (1-15) in Schedule Setup - You can type in four sets
of time schedule for your request. All the schedules can be
set previously in Application >> Schedule web page and
you can use the number that you have set in that web page.
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3.7.3 Quality of Service
Deploying QoS (Quality of Service) management to guarantee that all applications receive the
service levels required and sufficient bandwidth to meet performance expectations is indeed
one important aspect of modern enterprise network.
One reason for QoS is that numerous TCP-based applications tend to continually increase their
transmission rate and consume all available bandwidth, which is called TCP slow start. If
other applications are not protected by QoS, it will detract much from their performance in the
overcrowded network. This is especially essential to those are low tolerant of loss, delay or
jitter (delay variation).
Another reason is due to congestions at network intersections where speeds of interconnected
circuits mismatch or traffic aggregates, packets will queue up and traffic can be throttled back
to a lower speed. If there’s no defined priority to specify which packets should be discarded
(or in another term “dropped”) from an overflowing queue, packets of sensitive applications
mentioned above might be the ones to drop off. How this will affect application performance?
There are two components within Primary configuration of QoS deployment:

Classification: Identifying low-latency or crucial applications and marking them for
high-priority service level enforcement throughout the network.

Scheduling: Based on classification of service level to assign packets to queues and
associated service types
The basic QoS implementation in Vigor routers is to classify and schedule packets based on
the service type information in the IP header. For instance, to ensure the connection with the
headquarter, a teleworker may enforce an index of QoS Control to reserve bandwidth for
HTTPS connection while using lots of application at the same time.
One more larger-scale implementation of QoS network is to apply DSCP (Differentiated
Service Code Point) and IP Precedence disciplines at Layer 3. Compared with legacy IP
Precedence that uses Type of Service (ToS) field in the IP header to define 8 service classes,
DSCP is a successor creating 64 classes possible with backward IP Precedence compatibility.
In a QoS-enabled network, or Differentiated Service (DiffServ or DS) framework, a DS
domain owner should sign a Service License Agreement (SLA) with other DS domain owners
to define the service level provided toward traffic from different domains. Then each DS node
in these domains will perform the priority treatment. This is called per-hop-behavior (PHB).
The definition of PHB includes Expedited Forwarding (EF), Assured Forwarding (AF), and
Best Effort (BE). AF defines the four classes of delivery (or forwarding) classes and three
levels of drop precedence in each class.
Vigor routers as edge routers of DS domain shall check the marked DSCP value in the IP
header of bypassing traffic, thus to allocate certain amount of resource execute appropriate
policing, classification or scheduling. The core routers in the backbone will do the same
checking before executing treatments in order to ensure service-level consistency throughout
the whole QoS-enabled network.
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However, each node may take different attitude toward packets with high priority marking
since it may bind with the business deal of SLA among different DS domain owners. It’s not
easy to achieve deterministic and consistent high-priority QoS traffic throughout the whole
network with merely Vigor router’s effort.
In the Bandwidth Management menu, click Quality of Service to open the web page.
Available settings are explained as follows:
Item
Description
General Setup
Index – Display the WAN interface number that you can edit.
Status – Display if the WAN interface is available for such
function or not.
Bandwidth – Display the inbound and outbound bandwidth
setting for the WAN interface.
Direction – Display which direction that such function will
influence.
Class 1/Class2/Class 3/Others – Display the bandwidth
percentage for each class.
UDP Bandwidth Control –Display the UDP bandwidth
control is enabled or not.
Online Statistics –Display an online statistics for quality of
service for your reference
Setup – Allow to configure general QoS setting for WAN
interface.
Class Rule
Index – Display the class number that you can edit.
Name – Display the name of the class.
Rule – Allow to configure detailed settings for the selected
Class.
Service Type – Allow to configure detailed settings for the
service type.
Enable the First Priority
When this feature is enabled, the VoIP SIP/UDP packets will
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Item
for VoIP SIP/RTP
Description
be sent with highest priority.
SIP UDP Port – Set a port number used for SIP.
This page displays the QoS settings result of the WAN interface. Click the Setup link to
access into next page for the general setup of WAN interface. As to class rule, simply click the
Edit link to access into next for configuration.
You can configure general setup for the WAN interface, edit the Class Rule, and edit the
Service Type for the Class Rule for your request.
Online Statistics
Display an online statistics for quality of service for your reference. This feature is available
only when the Quality of Service for WAN interface is enabled.
General Setup for WAN Interface
When you click Setup, you can configure the bandwidth ratio for QoS of the WAN interface.
There are four queues allowed for QoS control. The first three (Class 1 to Class 3) class rules
can be adjusted for your necessity. Yet, the last one is reserved for the packets which are not
suitable for the user-defined class rules.
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Available settings are explained as follows:
Item
Description
Enable the QoS Control
The factory default for this setting is checked.
Please also define which traffic the QoS Control settings
will apply to.
IN- apply to incoming traffic only.
OUT-apply to outgoing traffic only.
BOTH- apply to both incoming and outgoing traffic.
Check this box and click OK, then click Setup link again.
You will see the Online Statistics link appearing on this
page.
WAN Inbound
Bandwidth
It allows you to set the connecting rate of data input for
WAN2/WAN3. For example, if your ADSL supports 1M of
downstream and 256K upstream, please set 1000kbps for
this box. The default value is 10000kbps.
WAN Outbound
Bandwidth
It allows you to set the connecting rate of data output for
WAN2/WAN3. For example, if your ADSL supports 1M of
downstream and 256K upstream, please set 256kbps for this
box. The default value is 10000kbps.
Reserved Bandwidth
Ratio
It is reserved for the group index in the form of ratio of
reserved bandwidth to upstream speed and reserved
bandwidth to downstream speed.
Enable UDP Bandwidth
Control
Check this and set the limited bandwidth ratio on the right
field. This is a protection of TCP application traffic since
UDP application traffic such as streaming video will
exhaust lots of bandwidth.
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Outbound TCP ACK
Prioritize
The difference in bandwidth between download and upload
are great in ADSL2+ environment. For the download speed
might be impacted by the uploading TCP ACK, you can
check this box to push ACK of upload faster to speed the
network traffic.
Limited_bandwidth Ratio
The ratio typed here is reserved for limited bandwidth of
UDP application.
Note: The rate of outbound/inbound must be smaller than the real bandwidth to ensure
correct calculation of QoS. It is suggested to set the bandwidth value for inbound/outbound
as 80% - 85% of physical network speed provided by ISP to maximize the QoS
performance.
Edit the Class Rule for QoS
1.
The first three (Class 1 to Class 3) class rules can be adjusted for your necessity. To add,
edit or delete the class rule, please click the Edit link of that one.
2.
After you click the Edit link, you will see the following page. Now you can define the
name for that Class. In this case, “Test” is used as the name of Class Index #1.
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3.
For adding a new rule, click Add to open the following page.
Available settings are explained as follows:
Item
Description
ACT
Check this box to invoke these settings.
Ethernet Type
Please specify which protocol (IPv4 or IPv6) will be used
for this rule.
Local Address
Click the Edit button to set the local IP address (on LAN)
for the rule.
Remote Address
Click the Edit button to set the remote IP address (on
LAN/WAN) for the rule.
Address Type – Determine the address type for the source
address.
For Single Address, you have to fill in Start IP address.
For Range Address, you have to fill in Start IP address and
End IP address.
For Subnet Address, you have to fill in Start IP address
and Subnet Mask.
DiffServ CodePoint
All the packets of data will be divided with different levels
and will be processed according to the level type by the
system. Please assign one of the levels of the data for
processing with QoS control.
Service Type
It determines the service type of the data for processing
with QoS control. It can also be edited. You can choose the
predefined service type from the Service Type drop down
list. Those types are predefined in factory. Simply choose
the one that you want for using by current QoS.
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4.
After finishing all the settings here, please click OK to save the configuration.
By the way, you can set up to 20 rules for one Class. If you want to edit an existed rule, please
select the radio button of that one and click Edit to open the rule edit page for modification.
Edit the Service Type for Class Rule
1.
To add a new service type, edit or delete an existed service type, please click the Edit
link under Service Type field.
2.
After you click the Edit link, you will see the following page.
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3.
For adding a new service type, click Add to open the following page.
Available settings are explained as follows:
5.
Item
Description
Service Name
Type in a new service for your request. The maximum
length of the name you can set is 11 characters.
Service Type
Choose the type (TCP, UDP or TCP/UDP or other) for the
new service.
Port Configuration
Type - Click Single or Range as the Type. If you select
Range, you have to type in the starting port number and the
end porting number on the boxes below.
Port Number – Type in the starting port number and the
end porting number here if you choose Range as the type.
After finishing all the settings here, please click OK to save the configuration.
By the way, you can set up to 10 service types. If you want to edit/delete an existed service
type, please select the radio button of that one and click Edit/Edit for modification.
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Retag the Packets for Identification
Packets coming from LAN IP can be retagged through QoS setting. When the packets sent out
through WAN interface, all of them will be tagged with certain header and that will be easily
to be identified by server on ISP.
For example, in the following illustration, the VoIP packets in LAN go into Vigor router
without any header. However, when they go forward to the Server on ISP through Vigor
router, all of the packets are tagged with AF (configured in Bandwidth >>QoS>>Class)
automatically.
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3.7.4 APP QoS
The QoS function is used to do bandwidth management for the services with certain IP or port
number. However, there is no effect of bandwidth management on the service such as VNC or
PPTV without fixed IP or port number.
APP QoS employs the function of APP Enforcement to detect the types of software in
application layer. By combining the function of QoS (adjustment on Inbound/Outbond
bandwidth and bandwidth ratio), Vigor router can perform the bandwidth management for the
protocols, streaming, remote control, web HD and so on.
Click Bandwidth Management>>APP QoS to open the following page.
Available settings are explained as follows:
Item
Description
Enable/Disable
Click Enable to activate APP QoS function.
Click Disable to deactivate APP QoS function.
Traceable
The protocol listed below is traceable by Vigor router.
Each tab offers different types of protocols to fit your
request.
Untraceable
The protocol listed below is not easy to trace by Vigor router.
Each tab offers different types of protocols to fit your
request.
Select All
Click it to select all of the protocols.
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Clear All
Click it to de-select all of the protocols.
Apply to all
Choose one of the actions from the drop down list. It is
prepared for applying to all protocols.
Apply – Click it to make the selected action be applied all of
the selected protocols immediately.
Action
There are many protocols which can be specified with
different QoS Class.
After finishing all the settings here, please click OK to save the configuration.
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3.8 Applications
Below shows the menu items for Applications.
3.8.1 Dynamic DNS
The ISP often provides you with a dynamic IP address when you connect to the Internet via
your ISP. It means that the public IP address assigned to your router changes each time you
access the Internet. The Dynamic DNS feature lets you assign a domain name to a dynamic
WAN IP address. It allows the router to update its online WAN IP address mappings on the
specified Dynamic DNS server. Once the router is online, you will be able to use the
registered domain name to access the router or internal virtual servers from the Internet. It is
particularly helpful if you host a web server, FTP server, or other server behind the router.
Before you use the Dynamic DNS feature, you have to apply for free DDNS service to the
DDNS service providers. The router provides up to three accounts from three different DDNS
service providers. Basically, Vigor routers are compatible with the DDNS services supplied by
most popular DDNS service providers such as www.dyndns.org, www.no-ip.com,
www.dtdns.com, www.changeip.com, www.dynamic- nameserver.com. You should visit
their websites to register your own domain name for the router.
Enable the Function and Add a Dynamic DNS Account
1.
Assume you have a registered domain name from the DDNS provider, say
hostname.dyndns.org, and an account with username: test and password: test.
2.
In the DDNS setup menu, check Enable Dynamic DNS Setup.
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Available settings are explained as follows:
3.
Item
Description
Set to Factory
Default
Clear all profiles and recover to factory settings.
Enable Dynamic
DNS Setup
Check this box to enable DDNS function.
Auto-Update
interval
Set the time for the router to perform auto update for DDNS
service.
View Log
Display DDNS log status.
Force Update
Force the router updates its information to DDNS server.
Index
Click the number below Index to access into the setting
page of DDNS setup to set account(s).
Domain Name
Display the domain name that you set on the setting page of
DDNS setup.
Active
Display if this account is active or inactive.
Select Index number 1 to add an account for the router. Check Enable Dynamic DNS
Account, and choose correct Service Provider: dyndns.org, type the registered hostname:
hostname and domain name suffix: dyndns.org in the Domain Name block. The
following two blocks should be typed your account Login Name: test and Password: test.
Available settings are explained as follows:
Item
Description
Enable Dynamic
DNS Account
Check this box to enable the current account. If you did
check the box, you will see a check mark appeared on the
Active column of the previous web page in step 2).
Service Provider
Select the service provider for the DDNS account.
Service Type
Select a service type (Dynamic, Custom or Static). If you
choose Custom, you can modify the domain that is chosen
in the Domain Name field.
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Item
Description
Domain Name
Type in one domain name that you applied previously. Use
the drop down list to choose the desired domain.
Login Name
Type in the login name that you set for applying domain.
Password
Type in the password that you set for applying domain.
Wildcard and
Backup MX
The Wildcard and Backup MX (Mail Exchange) features
are not supported for all Dynamic DNS providers. You
could get more detailed information from their websites.
Mail Extender
If the mail server is defined with another name, please type
the name in this area. Such mail server will be used as
backup mail exchange.
Determine Real
WAN IP
If a Vigor router is installed behind any NAT router, you
can enable such function to locate the real WAN IP.
When the WAN IP used by Vigor router is private IP, this
function can detect the public IP used by the NAT router
and use the detected IP address for DDNS update.
There are two methods offered for you to choose:
WAN IP - If it is selected and the WAN IP of Vigor router
is private, DDNS update will take place right away.
Internet IP – If it is selected and the WAN IP of Vigor
router is private, it will be converted to public IP before
DDNS update takes place.
4.
Click OK button to activate the settings. You will see your setting has been saved.
Disable the Function and Clear all Dynamic DNS Accounts
In the DDNS setup menu, uncheck Enable Dynamic DNS Setup, and push Clear All button
to disable the function and clear all accounts from the router.
Delete a Dynamic DNS Account
In the DDNS setup menu, click the Index number you want to delete and then push Clear All
button to delete the account.
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3.8.2 LAN DNS
LAN DNS is a simple version of DNS server. It is not necessary for the user to build another
DNS server in LAN. With such feature, the user can configure some services (such as ftp,
www or database) with domain name which is easy to be accessed.
Simply click Application>>LAN DNS to open the following page.
Each item is explained as follows:
Item
Description
Set to Factory Default
Clear all profiles and recover to factory settings.
Enable
Check the box to enable the selected profile.
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Index
Click the number below Index to access into the setting
page.
Profile
Display the name of the LAN DNS profile.
Domain Name
Display the domain name of the LAN DNS profile.
You can set up to 20 LAN DNS profiles.
To create a LAN DNS profile:
1.
Click any index, say Index No. 1.
2.
The detailed settings with index 1 are shown below.
Available settings are explained as follows:
Item
Description
Enable
Check this box to enable such profile.
Profile
Type a name for such profile.
Domain Name
Type the domain name for such profile.
IP Address List
The IP address listed here will be used for mapping with the
domain name specified above. In general, one domain name
maps with one IP address. If required, you can configure
two IP addresses mapping with the same domain name.
Add – Click it to open a dialog to type the host’s IP
address.
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
Only responds to the DNS…. – Different LAN PCs
can share the same domain name. However, you have
to check this box to make the router identify &
respond the IP address for the DNS query coming
from different LAN PC.
Delete – Click it to remove an existed IP address on the list.
3.
Click OK button to save the settings.
4.
A new LAN DNS profile has been created.
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3.8.3 Schedule
The Vigor router has a built-in clock which can update itself manually or automatically by
means of Network Time Protocols (NTP). As a result, you can not only schedule the router to
dialup to the Internet at a specified time, but also restrict Internet access to certain hours so
that users can connect to the Internet only during certain hours, say, business hours. The
schedule is also applicable to other functions.
You have to set your time before set schedule. In System Maintenance>> Time and Date
menu, press Inquire Time button to set the Vigor router’s clock to current time of your PC.
The clock will reset once if you power down or reset the router. There is another way to set up
time. You can inquiry an NTP server (a time server) on the Internet to synchronize the router’s
clock. This method can only be applied when the WAN connection has been built up.
Available settings are explained as follows:
Item
Description
Set to Factory Default
Clear all profiles and recover to factory settings.
Index
Click the number below Index to access into the setting
page of schedule.
Status
Display if this schedule setting is active or inactive.
You can set up to 15 schedules. Then you can apply them to your Internet Access or VPN
and Remote Access >> LAN-to-LAN settings.
To add a schedule:
1.
Click any index, say Index No. 1.
2.
The detailed settings of the call schedule with index 1 are shown below.
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Available settings are explained as follows:
3.
Item
Description
Enable Schedule
Setup
Check to enable the schedule.
Start Date
(yyyy-mm-dd)
Specify the starting date of the schedule.
Start Time (hh:mm)
Specify the starting time of the schedule.
Duration Time
(hh:mm)
Specify the duration (or period) for the schedule.
Action
Specify which action Call Schedule should apply during the
period of the schedule.
Force On -Force the connection to be always on.
Force Down -Force the connection to be always down.
Enable Dial-On-Demand -Specify the connection to be
dial-on-demand and the value of idle timeout should be
specified in Idle Timeout field.
Disable Dial-On-Demand -Specify the connection to be up
when it has traffic on the line. Once there is no traffic over
idle timeout, the connection will be down and never up
again during the schedule.
Idle Timeout
Specify the duration (or period) for the schedule.
How often -Specify how often the schedule will be applied
Once -The schedule will be applied just once
Weekdays -Specify which days in one week should
perform the schedule.
Click OK button to save the settings.
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Example
Suppose you want to control the PPPoE Internet access connection to be always on (Force On)
from 9:00 to 18:00 for whole week. Other time the Internet access connection should be
disconnected (Force Down).
Office
Hour:
(Force On)
Mon - Sun
9:00 am
to
6:00 pm
1.
Make sure the PPPoE connection and Time Setup is working properly.
2.
Configure the PPPoE always on from 9:00 to 18:00 for whole week.
3.
Configure the Force Down from 18:00 to next day 9:00 for whole week.
4.
Assign these two profiles to the PPPoE Internet access profile. Now, the PPPoE Internet
connection will follow the schedule order to perform Force On or Force Down action
according to the time plan that has been pre-defined in the schedule profiles.
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3.8.4 UPnP
The UPnP (Universal Plug and Play) protocol is supported to bring to network connected
devices the ease of installation and configuration which is already available for directly
connected PC peripherals with the existing Windows 'Plug and Play' system. For NAT routers,
the major feature of UPnP on the router is “NAT Traversal”. This enables applications inside
the firewall to automatically open the ports that they need to pass through a router. It is more
reliable than requiring a router to work out by itself which ports need to be opened. Further,
the user does not have to manually set up port mappings or a DMZ. UPnP is available on
Windows XP and the router provide the associated support for MSN Messenger to allow full
use of the voice, video and messaging features.
Available settings are explained as follows:
Item
Description
Enable UPnP Service
Accordingly, you can enable either the Connection Control
Service or Connection Status Service.
After setting Enable UPNP Service setting, an icon of IP Broadband Connection on Router
on Windows XP/Network Connections will appear. The connection status and control status
will be able to be activated. The NAT Traversal of UPnP enables the multimedia features of
your applications to operate. This has to manually set up port mappings or use other similar
methods. The screenshots below show examples of this facility.
The UPnP facility on the router enables UPnP aware applications such as MSN Messenger to
discover what are behind a NAT router. The application will also learn the external IP address
and configure port mappings on the router. Subsequently, such a facility forwards packets from
the external ports of the router to the internal ports used by the application.
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The reminder as regards concern about Firewall and UPnP
Can't work with Firewall Software
Enabling firewall applications on your PC may cause the UPnP function not working
properly. This is because these applications will block the accessing ability of some network
ports.
Security Considerations
Activating the UPnP function on your network may incur some security threats. You should
consider carefully these risks before activating the UPnP function.
 Some Microsoft operating systems have found out the UPnP weaknesses and hence
you need to ensure that you have applied the latest service packs and patches.
 Non-privileged users can control some router functions, including removing and
adding port mappings.
The UPnP function dynamically adds port mappings on behalf of some UPnP-aware
applications. When the applications terminate abnormally, these mappings may not be
removed.
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3.8.5 IGMP
IGMP is the abbreviation of Internet Group Management Protocol. It is a communication
protocol which is mainly used for managing the membership of Internet Protocol multicast
groups.
Available settings are explained as follows:
Item
Description
Enable IGMP Proxy
Check this box to enable this function. The application of
multicast will be executed through WAN port. In addition,
such function is available in NAT mode.
Enable IGMP Snooping
Check this box to enable this function. Multicast traffic will
be forwarded to ports that have members of that group.
Disabling IGMP snooping will make multicast traffic
treated in the same manner as broadcast traffic.
Refresh
Click this link to renew the working multicast group status.
Group ID
This field displays the ID port for the multicast group. The
available range for IGMP starts from 224.0.0.0 to
239.255.255.254.
P1 to P4
It indicates the LAN port used for the multicast group.
After finishing all the settings here, please click OK to save the configuration.
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3.8.6 Wake on LAN
A PC client on LAN can be woken up by the router it connects. When a user wants to wake up
a specified PC through the router, he/she must type correct MAC address of the specified PC
on this web page of Wake on LAN (WOL) of this router.
In addition, such PC must have installed a network card supporting WOL function. By the
way, WOL function must be set as “Enable” on the BIOS setting.
Available settings are explained as follows:
Item
Description
Wake by
Two types provide for you to wake up the bound IP. If you
choose Wake by MAC Address, you have to type the
correct MAC address of the host in MAC Address boxes. If
you choose Wake by IP Address, you have to choose the
correct IP address.
IP Address
The IP addresses that have been configured in
Firewall>>Bind IP to MAC will be shown in this drop
down list. Choose the IP address from the drop down list
that you want to wake up.
MAC Address
Type any one of the MAC address of the bound PCs.
Wake Up
Click this button to wake up the selected IP. See the
following figure. The result will be shown on the box.
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3.8.7 SMS / Mail Alert Service
The function of SMS (Short Message Service)/Mail Alert is that Vigor router sends a message
to user’s mobile or e-mail box through specified service provider to assist the user knowing
the real-time abnormal situations.
Vigor router allows you to set up to 10 SMS profiles which will be sent out according to
different conditions.
SMS Provider
This page allows you to specify SMS provider, who will get the SMS, what the content is and
when the SMS will be sent.
Available settings are explained as follows:
Item
Description
Index
Check the box to enable such profile.
SMS Provider
Use the drop down list to choose SMS service provider.
You can click SMS Provider link to define the SMS server.
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Recipient
Type the name of the one who will receive the SMS.
Notify
Use the drop down list to choose a message profile. The
recipient will get the content stated in the message profile.
You can click the Notify Profile link to define the content
of the SMS.
Schedule
Type the schedule number that the SMS will be sent out.
You can click the Schedule(1-15) link to define the
schedule.
After finishing all the settings here, please click OK to save the configuration.
Mail Server
This page allows you to specify Mail Server profile, who will get the notification e-mail, what
the content is and when the message will be sent.
Available settings are explained as follows:
Item
Description
Index
Check the box to enable such profile.
Mail Service
Use the drop down list to choose mail service provider.
You can click Mail Service link to define the mail server.
Recipient
Type the e-mail address of the one who will receive the
notification message.
Notify
Use the drop down list to choose a message profile. The
recipient will get the content stated in the message profile.
You can click the Notify Profile link to define the content
of the mail message.
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Schedule
Type the schedule number that the notification will be sent
out.
You can click the Schedule(1-15) link to define the
schedule.
After finishing all the settings here, please click OK to save the configuration.
3.8.8 Bonjour
Bonjour is a service discovery protocol which is a built-in service in Mac OS X; for Windows
or Linux platform, there are correspondent software to enable this function for free.
Usually, users have to configure the router or personal computers to use above services.
Sometimes, the configuration (e.g., IP settings, port number) is complicated and not easy to
complete. The purpose of Bonjour is to decrease the settings configuration (e.g., IP setting). If
the host and user’s computer have the plug-in bonjour driver install, they can utilize the
service offered by the router by clicking the router name icon. In short, what the Clients/users
need to know is the name of the router only.
To enable the Bonjour service, click Application>>Bonjour to open the following page.
Check the box(es) of the server service(s) that you want to share to the LAN clients.
Below shows an example for applying the bonjour feature that Vigor router can be used as the
FTP server.
1. Here, we use Firefox and DNSSD to discover the service in such case. Therefore, just
ensure the Bonjour client program and DNSSD for Firefox have been installed on the
computer.
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2. Open the web browse, Firefox. If Bonjour and DNSSD have been installed, you can open
the web page (DNSSD) and see the following results.
3. Open System Maintenance>>Management. Type a name (e.g., Dray_2925) as the
Router Name and click OK.
4. Next, open Applications>>Bonjour. Check the service that you want to use via Bonjour.
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5. Open the DNSSD page again. The available items will be changed as the follows. It means
the Vigor router (based on Bonjour protocol) is ready to be used as a printer server, FTP
server, SSH Server, Telnet Server, and HTTP Server.
6. Now, any page or document can be printed out through Vigor router (installed with a
printer).
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3.9 VPN and Remote Access
A Virtual Private Network (VPN) is the extension of a private network that encompasses links
across shared or public networks like the Internet. In short, by VPN technology, you can send
data between two computers across a shared or public network in a manner that emulates the
properties of a point-to-point private link. The Vigor 2760 allows dial-out to any compatible
VPN server/network using L2TP, IPSec or PPTP.
3.9.1 LAN to LAN
Here you can manage LAN-to-LAN connections by maintaining a table of connection profiles.
You may set parameters including connection peer ID, connection type (VPN connection including PPTP, IPsec Tunnel, and L2TP by itself or over IPsec) and corresponding security
methods, etc.
The router supports up to 2 outgoing VPN tunnels simultaneously. The following figure shows
the summary table.
Available settings are explained as follows:
Item
Description
Set to Factory Default
Click to clear all indexes.
Name
Indicate the name of the LAN-to-LAN profile. The
symbol ??? represents that the profile is empty.
Active
V – means the profile has been enabled.
X – mans the profile has not been enabled.
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Status
Indicate the status of individual profiles. The symbol V and
X represent the profile to be active and inactive,
respectively.
To edit each profile:
1.
Click each index to edit each profile and you will get the following page. Each
LAN-to-LAN profile includes 4 subgroups. If the fields gray out, it means you may leave
it untouched. The following explanations will guide you to fill all the necessary fields.
For the web page is too long, we divide the page into several sections for explanation.
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Available settings are explained as follows:
Item
Description
Common Settings
Profile Name – Specify a name for the profile of the
LAN-to-LAN connection.
Enable this profile - Check here to activate this profile.
Netbios Naming Packet
 Pass – click it to have an inquiry for data transmission
between the hosts located on both sides of VPN
Tunnel while connecting.
 Block – When there is conflict occurred between the
hosts on both sides of VPN Tunnel in connecting,
such function can block data transmission of Netbios
Naming Packet inside the tunnel.
Multicast via VPN - Some programs might send multicast
packets via VPN connection.
 Pass – Click this button to let multicast packets pass
through the router.
 Block – This is default setting. Click this button to let
multicast packets be blocked by the router.
Always On-Check to enable router always keep VPN
connection.
Idle Timeout: The default value is 300 seconds. If the
connection has been idled over the value, the router will
drop the connection.
Enable PING to keep alive - This function is to help the
router to determine the status of IPsec VPN connection,
especially useful in the case of abnormal VPN IPsec tunnel
disruption. For details, please refer to the note below.
Check to enable the transmission of PING packets to a
specified IP address.
Enable PING to keep alive is used to handle abnormal
IPsec VPN connection disruption. It will help to provide the
state of a VPN connection for router’s judgment of redial.
Normally, if any one of VPN peers wants to disconnect the
connection, it should follow a serial of packet exchange
procedure to inform each other. However, if the remote peer
disconnect without notice, Vigor router will by no where to
know this situation. To resolve this dilemma, by
continuously sending PING packets to the remote host, the
Vigor router can know the true existence of this VPN
connection and react accordingly. This is independent of
DPD (dead peer detection).
PING to the IP - Enter the IP address of the remote host
that located at the other-end of the VPN tunnel.
Dial-Out Settings
Type of Server I am calling - PPTP - Build a PPTP VPN
connection to the server through the Internet. You should
set the identity like User Name and Password below for the
authentication of remote server.
IPsec Tunnel - Build an IPsec VPN connection to the
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server through Internet.
L2TP with IPsec Policy - Build a L2TP VPN connection
through the Internet. You can select to use L2TP alone or
with IPsec. Select from below:
 None: Do not apply the IPsec policy. Accordingly, the
VPN connection employed the L2TP without IPsec
policy can be viewed as one pure L2TP connection.
 Nice to Have: Apply the IPsec policy first, if it is
applicable during negotiation. Otherwise, the dial-out
VPN connection becomes one pure L2TP connection.
Must: Specify the IPsec policy to be definitely applied on
the L2TP connection.
User Name - This field is applicable when you select,
PPTP or L2TP with or without IPsec policy above. The
length of the name is limited to 49 characters.
Password - This field is applicable when you select PPTP
or L2TP with or without IPsec policy above. The length of
the password is limited to 15 characters.
PPP Authentication - This field is applicable when you
select, PPTP or L2TP with or without IPsec policy above.
PAP/CHAP is the most common selection due to wild
compatibility.
VJ compression - This field is applicable when you select
PPTP or L2TP with or without IPsec policy above. VJ
Compression is used for TCP/IP protocol header
compression. Normally set to Yes to improve bandwidth
utilization.
IKE Authentication Method - This group of fields is
applicable for IPsec Tunnels and L2TP with IPsec Policy.
 Pre-Shared Key - Input 1-63 characters as pre-shared
key.
 Digital Signature (X.509) - Select one predefined
Profiles set in the VPN and Remote Access >>IPsec
Peer Identity.
Peer ID - Select one of the predefined Profiles set in
VPN and Remote Access >>IPsec Peer Identity.
Local ID –This item is optional and can be used only
in IKE aggressive mode.
 Local Certificate – Select one of the profiles set in
Certificate Management>>Local Certificate.
IPsec Security Method - This group of fields is a must for
IPsec Tunnels and L2TP with IPsec Policy.
 Medium AH (Authentication Header) means data
will be authenticated, but not be encrypted. By default,
this option is active.
 High (ESP-Encapsulating Security Payload)- means
payload (data) will be encrypted and authenticated.
Select from below:
 DES without Authentication -Use DES encryption
algorithm and not apply any authentication scheme.
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
DES with Authentication-Use DES encryption
algorithm and apply MD5 or SHA-1 authentication
algorithm.
 3DES without Authentication-Use triple DES
encryption algorithm and not apply any authentication
scheme.
 3DES with Authentication-Use triple DES
encryption algorithm and apply MD5 or SHA-1
authentication algorithm.
 AES without Authentication-Use AES encryption
algorithm and not apply any authentication scheme.
 AES with Authentication-Use AES encryption
algorithm and apply MD5 or SHA-1 authentication
algorithm.
Advanced - Specify mode, proposal and key life of each
IKE phase, Gateway, etc.
The window of advance setup is shown as below:
IKE phase 1 mode -Select from Main mode and
Aggressive mode. The ultimate outcome is to exchange
security proposals to create a protected secure channel.
Main mode is more secure than Aggressive mode since
more exchanges are done in a secure channel to set up the
IPsec session. However, the Aggressive mode is faster. The
default value in Vigor router is Main mode.
 IKE phase 1 proposal-To propose the local available
authentication schemes and encryption algorithms to
the VPN peers, and get its feedback to find a match.
Two combinations are available for Aggressive mode
and nine for Main mode. We suggest you select the
combination that covers the most schemes.
 IKE phase 2 proposal-To propose the local available
algorithms to the VPN peers, and get its feedback to
find a match. Three combinations are available for
both modes. We suggest you select the combination
that covers the most algorithms.
 IKE phase 1 key lifetime-For security reason, the
lifetime of key should be defined. The default value is
28800 seconds. You may specify a value in between
900 and 86400 seconds.
 IKE phase 2 key lifetime-For security reason, the
lifetime of key should be defined. The default value is
3600 seconds. You may specify a value in between
600 and 86400 seconds.
 Perfect Forward Secret (PFS)-The IKE Phase 1 key
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will be reused to avoid the computation complexity in
phase 2. The default value is inactive this function.
Local ID-In Aggressive mode, Local ID is on behalf
of the IP address while identity authenticating with
remote VPN server. The length of the ID is limited to
47 characters.
Index(1-15) - Set the wireless LAN to work at certain time
interval only. You may choose up to 4 schedules out of the
15 schedules pre-defined in Applications >> Schedule
setup. The default setting of this field is blank and the
function will always work.
TCP/IP Network
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My WAN IP –This field is only applicable when you select
PPTP or L2TP with or without IPsec policy above. The
default value is 0.0.0.0, which means the Vigor router will
get a PPP IP address from the remote router during the
IPCP negotiation phase. If the PPP IP address is fixed by
remote side, specify the fixed IP address here. Do not
change the default value if you do not select PPTP or L2TP.
Remote Gateway IP - This field is only applicable when
you select PPTP or L2TP with or without IPsec policy
above. The default value is 0.0.0.0, which means the Vigor
router will get a remote Gateway PPP IP address from the
remote router during the IPCP negotiation phase. If the PPP
IP address is fixed by remote side, specify the fixed IP
address here. Do not change the default value if you do not
select PPTP or L2TP.
Remote Network IP/ Remote Network Mask - Add a
static route to direct all traffic destined to this Remote
Network IP Address/Remote Network Mask through the
VPN connection. For IPsec, this is the destination clients
IDs of phase 2 quick mode.
Local Network IP / Local Network Mask - Display the
local network IP and mask for TCP / IP configuration. You
can modify the settings if required.
More - Add a static route to direct all traffic destined to
more Remote Network IP Addresses/ Remote Network
Mask through the VPN connection. This is usually used
when you find there are several subnets behind the remote
VPN router.
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RIP Direction - The option specifies the direction of RIP
(Routing Information Protocol) packets. You can
enable/disable one of direction here. Herein, we provide
four options: TX/RX Both, TX Only, RX Only, and
Disable.
From first subnet to remote network, you have to
do - If the remote network only allows you to dial in with
single IP, please choose NAT, otherwise choose Route.
Change default route to this VPN tunnel - Check this box
to change the default route with this VPN tunnel.
2.
After finishing all the settings here, please click OK to save the configuration.
3.9.2 Connection Management
You can find the summary table of all outgoing VPN connections. You may disconnect any
VPN connection by clicking Drop button. You may also intigate dial-out by using Dial-out
Tool and clicking Dial button.
Available settings are explained as follows:
Item
Description
Dial-out Tool
Dial - Click this button to execute dial out function.
Refresh Seconds - Choose the time for refresh the dial
information among 5, 10, and 30.
Refresh - Click this button to refresh the whole connection
status.
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3.10 Certificate Management
A digital certificate works as an electronic ID, which is issued by a certification authority
(CA). It contains information such as your name, a serial number, expiration dates etc., and the
digital signature of the certificate-issuing authority so that a recipient can verify that the
certificate is real. Here Vigor router support digital certificates conforming to standard X.509.
Any entity wants to utilize digital certificates should first request a certificate issued by a CA
server. It should also retrieve certificates of other trusted CA servers so it can authenticate the
peer with certificates issued by those trusted CA servers. Certificates are valid for dial-out
VPN connections.
Here you can manage generate and manage the local digital certificates, and set trusted CA
certificates. Remember to adjust the time of Vigor router before using the certificate so that
you can get the correct valid period of certificate.
Below shows the menu items for Certificate Management.
3.10.1 Local Certificate
Available settings are explained as follows:
Item
Description
Generate
Click this button to open Generate Certificate Request
window.
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Note: Please be noted that “Common Name” must be
configured with rotuer’s WAN IP or domain name.
Type in all the information that the window requests. Then
click Generate again.
Import
Click this button to import a saved file as the certification
information.
Refresh
Click this button to refresh the information listed below.
View
Click this button to view the detailed settings for certificate
request.
Delete
Click this button to delete selected name with certification
information.
After clicking GENERATE, the generated information will be displayed on the window
below:
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3.10.2 Trusted CA Certificate
Trusted CA certificate lists three sets of trusted CA certificate.
To import a pre-saved trusted CA certificate, please click IMPORT to open the following
window. Use Browse… to find out the saved text file. Then click Import. The one you
imported will be listed on the Trusted CA Certificate window. Then click Import to use the
pre-saved file.
For viewing each trusted CA certificate, click View to open the certificate detail information
window. If you want to delete a CA certificate, choose the one and click Delete to remove all
the certificate information.
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3.10.3 Certificate Backup
Local certificate and Trusted CA certificate for this router can be saved within one file. Please
click Backup on the following screen to save them. If you want to set encryption password for
these certificates, please type characters in both fields of Encrypt password and Retype
password.
Also, you can use Restore to retrieve these two settings to the router whenever you want.
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3.11 VoIP
Note: This function is available Vigor2760Vn only. As with any online service, VoIP/SIP
service providers and your account is at risk from fraud. Always use strong passwords for
your SIP accounts and regularly check your bill for abnormal activity.
Voice over IP network (VoIP) enables you to use your broadband Internet connection to make
toll quality voice calls over the Internet.
There are many different call signaling protocols, methods by which VoIP devices can talk to
each other. The most popular protocols are SIP, MGCP, Megaco and H.323. These protocols
are not all compatible with each other (except via a soft-switch server).
The Vigor V models support the SIP protocol as this is an ideal and convenient deployment
for the ITSP (Internet Telephony Service Provider) and softphone and is widely supported.
SIP is an end-to-end, signaling protocol that establishes user presence and mobility in VoIP
structure. Every one who wants to talk using his/her SIP Uniform Resource Identifier, “SIP
Address”. The standard format of SIP URI is
sip: user:password @ host: port
Some fields may be optional in different use. In general, "host” refers to a domain. The
“userinfo” includes the user field, the password field and the @ sign following them. This is
very similar to a URL so some may call it “SIP URL”. SIP supports peer-to-peer direct calling
and also calling via a SIP proxy server (a role similar to the gatekeeper in H.323 networks),
while the MGCP protocol uses client-server architecture, the calling scenario being very
similar to the current PSTN network.
After a call is setup, the voice streams transmit via RTP (Real-Time Transport Protocol).
Different codecs (methods to compress and encode the voice) can be embedded into RTP
packets. Vigor V models provide various codecs, including G.711 A/μ-law, G.723, G.726 and
G.729 A & B. Each codec uses a different bandwidth and hence provides different levels of
voice quality. The more bandwidth a codec uses the better the voice quality, however the
codec used must be appropriate for your Internet bandwidth.
Usually there will be two types of calling scenario, as illustrated below:

Calling via SIP Servers
First, the Vigor V models of yours will have to register to a SIP Registrar by sending
registration messages to validate. Then, both parties’ SIP proxies will forward the
sequence of messages to caller to establish the session.
If you both register to the same SIP Registrar, then it will be illustrated as below:
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The major benefit of this mode is that you don’t have to memorize your friend’s IP
address, which might change very frequently if it’s dynamic. Instead of that, you will
only have to using dial plan or directly dial your friend’s account name if you are with
the same SIP Registrar.

Peer-to-Peer
Before calling, you have to know your friend’s IP Address. The Vigor VoIP Routers will
build connection between each other.

Our Vigor V models firstly apply efficient codecs designed to make the best use of
available bandwidth, but Vigor V models also equip with automatic QoS assurance.
QoS Assurance assists to assign high priority to voice traffic via Internet. You will
always have the required inbound and outbound bandwidth that is prioritized exclusively
for Voice traffic over Internet but you just get your data a little slower and it is tolerable
for data traffic.
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3.11.1 DialPlan
This page allows you to set phone book, digit map, call barring, regional settings and PSTN
setup for the VoIP function. Click the links on this page to access into next pages for detailed
settings.
Phone Book
In this section, you can set your VoIP contacts in the “phonebook”. It can help you to make
calls quickly and easily by using “speed-dial” Phone Number. There are total 60 index entries
in the phonebook for you to store all your friends and family members’ SIP addresses. Loop
through and Backup Phone Number will be displayed if you are using Vigor2830Vn for
setting the phone book.
Click any index number to display the dial plan setup page.
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Available settings are explained as follows:
Item
Description
Enable
Click this to enable this entry.
Phone Number
The speed-dial number of this index. This can be any
number you choose, using digits 0-9 and * .
Display Name
The Caller-ID that you want to be displayed on your
friend’s screen. This let your friend can easily know who’s
calling without memorizing lots of SIP URL Address.
SIP URL
Enter your friend’s SIP Address.
Dial Out Account
Choose one of the SIP accounts for this profile to dial out. It
is useful for both sides (caller and callee) that registered to
different SIP Registrar servers. If caller and callee do not
use the same SIP server, sometimes, the VoIP phone call
connection may not succeed. By using the specified dial out
account, the successful connection can be assured.
Loop through
Choose PSTN to enable loop through function.
Backup Phone Number
When the VoIP phone is obstructs or the Internet breaks
down for some reasons, the backup phone will be dialed out
to replace the VoIP phone number. At this time, the phone
call will be changed from VoIP phone into PSTN call
according to the loop through direction chosen. Note that,
during the phone switch, the blare of phone will appear for
a short time. And when the VoIP phone is switched into the
PSTN phone, the telecom co. might charge you for the
connection fee. Please type in backup phone number for
this VoIP phone setting.
After finishing all the settings here, please click OK to save the configuration.
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Note: If the incoming or outgoing calls do not match any entry on the phonebook, the
router will try to make the call "being protected". But, if the call ends up "unprotected"(e.g.
peer side does not support ZRTP+SRTP), the router will not play out a warning message.
Digit Map
For the convenience of user, this page allows users to edit prefix number for the SIP account
with adding number, stripping number or replacing number. It is used to help user having a
quick and easy way to dial out through VoIP interface.
Available settings are explained as follows:
Item
Description
Enable
Check this box to invoke this setting.
Match Prefix
It is used to match with the number you dialed and can be
modified with the OP Number by the mode (add, strip or
replace).
Mode
None - No action.
Add - When you choose this mode, the OP number will be
added with the prefix number for calling out through the
specific VoIP interface.
Strip - When you choose this mode, the OP number will be
deleted by the prefix number for calling out through the
specific VoIP interface. Take the above picture (Prefix
Table Setup web page) as an example, the OP number of
886 will be deleted completely for the prefix number is set
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with 886.
Replace - When you choose this mode, the OP number will
be replaced by the prefix number for calling out through the
specific VoIP interface. Take the above picture (Prefix
Table Setup web page) as an example, the prefix number of
03 will be replaced by 8863. For example: dial number of
“031111111” will be changed to “88631111111” and sent
to SIP server.
OP Number
The front number you type here is the first part of the
account number that you want to execute special function
(according to the chosen mode) by using the prefix number.
Min Len
Set the minimal length of the dial number for applying the
prefix number settings. Take the above picture (Prefix
Table Setup web page) as an example, if the dial number is
between 7 and 9, that number can apply the prefix number
settings here.
Max Len
Set the maximum length of the dial number for applying the
prefix number settings.
Route
Choose the one that you want to enable the prefix number
settings from the saved SIP accounts. Please set up one SIP
account first to make this interface available. This item will
be changed according to the port settings configured in
VoIP>> Phone Settings.
Move UP /Move Down
Click the link to move the selected entry up or down.
After finishing all the settings here, please click OK to save the configuration.
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Call Barring
Call barring is used to block phone calls coming from the one that is not welcomed.
Click any index number to display the dial plan setup page.
Available settings are explained as follows:
Item
Description
Enable
Check it to enable this entry.
Call Direction
Determine the direction for the phone call, IN – incoming
call, OUT-outgoing call, IN & OUT – both incoming and
outgoing calls.
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Barring Type
Determine the type of the VoIP phone call, URI/URL or
number.
Specific URI/URL or
Specific Number
This field will be changed based on the type you selected
for barring Type.
Route
All means all the phone calls will be blocked with such
mechanism.
Index (1-15) in Schedule
Enter the index of schedule profiles to control the call
barring according to the preconfigured schedules. Refer to
section Applications>>Schedule for detailed
configuration.
Additionally, you can set advanced settings for call barring such as Block Anonymous, Block
Unknown Domain or Block IP Address. Simply click the relational links to open the web
page.
For Block Anonymous – this function can block the incoming calls without caller ID on the
interface (Phone port) specified in the following window. Such control also can be done based
on preconfigured schedules.
For Block Unknown Domain – this function can block incoming calls (through Phone port)
from unrecognized domain that is not specified in SIP accounts. Such control also can be done
based on preconfigured schedules.
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For Block IP Address – this function can block incoming calls (through Phone port) coming
from IP address. Such control also can be done based on preconfigured schedules.
Regional
This page allows you to process incoming or outgoing phone calls by regional. Default values
(common used in most areas) will be shown on this web page. You can change the number
based on the region that the router is placed.
Available settings are explained as follows:
Item
Description
Enable Regional
Check this box to enable this function.
Last Call Return [Miss]
Sometimes, people might miss some phone calls. Please
dial number typed in this field to know where the last phone
call comes from and call back to that one.
Last Call Return [In]
You have finished an incoming phone call, however you
want to call back again for some reason. Please dial number
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typed in this field to call back to that one.
Last Call Return [Out]
Dial the number typed in this field to call the previous
outgoing phone call again.
Call Forward [All][Act]
Dial the number typed in this field to forward all the
incoming calls to the specified place.
Call Forward [Deact]
Dial the number typed in this field to release the call
forward function.
Call Forward [Busy][Act]
Dial the number typed in this field to forward all the
incoming calls to the specified place while the phone is
busy.
Call Forward [No
Ans][Act]
Dial the number typed in this field to forward all the
incoming calls to the specified place while there is no
answer of the connected phone.
Do Not Disturb [Act]
Dial the number typed in this field to invoke the function of
DND.
Do Not Distrub [Deact]
Dial the number typed in this field to release the DND
function.
Hide caller ID [Act]
Dial the number typed in this field to make your phone
number (ID) not displayed on the display panel of remote
end.
Hide caller ID [Deact]
Dial the number typed in this field to release this function.
Call Waiting [Act]
Dial the number typed in this field to make all the incoming
calls waiting for your answer.
Call Waiting [Deact]
Dial the number typed in this field to release this function.
Block Anonymous[Act]
Dial the number typed in this field to block all the incoming
calls with unknown ID.
Block Anonymous[Deact]
Dial the number typed in this field to release this function.
Block Unknown Domain
[Act]
Dial the number typed in this field to block all the incoming
calls from unknown domain.
Block Unknown Domain
[Deact]
Dial the number typed in this field to release this function.
Block IP Calls [Act]
Dial the number typed in this filed to block all the incoming
calls from IP address.
Block IP Calls [Deact]
Dial the number typed in this field to release this function.
Block Last Calls [Act]
Dial the number typed in this field to block the last
incoming phone call.
After finishing all the settings here, please click OK to save the configuration.
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PSTN Setup
Some emergency phone (e.g., 911) or special phone cannot be dialed out by using VoIP and
can be called out through PSTN line only. To solve this problem, this page allows you to set
five sets of PSTN number for dialing without passing through Internet. Check the Enable box
to make the PSTN number available for dial whenever you need and type the number in the
field of phone number for PSTN relay.
After finishing all the settings here, please click OK to save the configuration.
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3.11.2 SIP Accounts
In this section, you set up your own SIP settings. When you apply for an account, your SIP
service provider will give you an Account Name or user name, SIP Registrar, Proxy, and
Domain name. (The last three might be the same in some case). Then you can tell your folks
your SIP Address as in Account Name@ Domain name
As Vigor VoIP Router is turned on, it will first register with Registrar using
AuthorizationUser@Domain/Realm. After that, your call will be bypassed by SIP Proxy to the
destination using AccountName@Domain/Realm as identity.
Note: Selection items for Ring Port will differ according to the router you have.
Available settings are explained as follows:
Item
Description
Index
Click this link to access into next page for setting SIP
account.
Profile
Display the profile name of the account.
Domain/Realm
Display the domain name or IP address of the SIP registrar
server.
Proxy
Display the domain name or IP address of the SIP proxy
server.
Account Name
Display the account name of SIP address before @.
Codec
Display the codec type for the account.
Ring Port
Specify which port will ring when receiving a phone call.
Status
Show the status for the corresponding SIP account. R
means such account is registered on SIP server
successfully. – means the account is failed to register on
SIP server.
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STUN Server
Type in the IP address or domain of the STUN server.
External IP
Type in the gateway IP address.
SIP PING interval
The default value is 150 (sec). It is useful for a Nortel
server NAT Traversal Support.
Click any index link to access into the following page for configuring SIP account.
Available settings are explained as follows:
Item
Description
Profile Name
Assign a name for this profile for identifying. You can type
similar name with the domain. For example, if the domain
name is draytel.org, then you might set draytel-1 in this
field.
Register via
If you want to make VoIP call without register personal
information, please choose None and check the box to
achieve the goal. Some SIP server allows user to use VoIP
function without registering. For such server, please check
the box of Call without Registration. Choosing Auto is
recommended. The system will select a proper way for your
VoIP call.
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SIP Port
Set the port number for sending/receiving SIP message for
building a session. The default value is 5060. Your peer
must set the same value in his/her Registrar.
Domain/Realm
Set the domain name or IP address of the SIP Registrar
server.
Proxy
Set domain name or IP address of SIP proxy server. By the
time you can type :port number after the domain name to
specify that port as the destination of data transmission
(e.g., nat.draytel.org:5065)
Act as Outbound Proxy
Check this box to make the proxy acting as outbound proxy.
Display Name
The caller-ID that you want to be displayed on your friend’s
screen.
Account Number/Name
Enter your account name of SIP Address, e.g. every text
before @.
Authentication ID
Check the box to invoke this function and enter the name or
number used for SIP Authorization with SIP Registrar. If
this setting value is the same as Account Name, it is not
necessary for you to check the box and set any value in this
field.
Password
The password provided to you when you registered with a
SIP service.
Expiry Time
The time duration that your SIP Registrar server keeps your
registration record. Before the time expires, the router will
send another register request to SIP Registrar again.
NAT Traversal Support
If the router (e.g., broadband router) you use connects to
internet by other device, you have to set this function for
your necessity.
None – Disable this function.
Stun – Choose this option if there is Stun server provided
for your router.
Manual – Choose this option if you want to specify an
external IP address as the NAT transversal support.
Nortel – If the soft-switch that you use supports Nortel
solution, you can choose this option.
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Call Forwarding
There are four options for you to choose. Disable is to close
call forwarding function. Always means all the incoming
calls will be forwarded into SIP URL without any reason.
Busy means the incoming calls will be forwarded into SIP
URL only when the local system is busy. No Answer
means if the incoming calls do not receive any response,
they will be forwarded to the SIP URL by the time out.
SIP URL – Type in the SIP URL (e.g., aaa@draytel.org or
abc@iptel.org) as the site for call forwarded.
Time Out – Set the time out for the call forwarding. The
default setting is 30 sec.
Ring Port
Set Phone 1 and/or Phone 2 as the default ring port(s) for
this SIP account.
Ring Pattern
Choose a ring tone type for the VoIP phone call.
Prefer Codec
Select one of five codecs as the default for your VoIP calls.
The codec used for each call will be negotiated with the
peer party before each session, and so may not be your
default choice. The default codec is G.729A/B; it occupies
little bandwidth while maintaining good voice quality.
If your upstream speed is only 64Kbps, do not use G.711
codec. It is better for you to have at least 256Kbps upstream
if you would like to use G.711.
Single Codec – If the box is checked, only the selected
Codec will be applied.
Packet Size
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The amount of data contained in a single packet. The
default value is 20 ms, which means the data packet will
contain 20 ms voice information.
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Voice Active Detector
This function can detect if the voice on both sides is active
or not. If not, the router will do something to save the
bandwidth for other using. Click On to invoke this function;
click off to close the function.
After finishing all the settings here, please click OK to save the configuration.
3.11.3 Phone Settings
This page allows user to set phone settings for Phone 1 and Phone 2 respectively. However, it
changes slightly according to different model you have.
Available settings are explained as follows:
Item
Description
Phone List
Port – there are two phone ports provided here for you to
configure. Phone1/Phone2 allows you to set general
settings for PSTN phones.
Call Feature – A brief description for call feature will be
shown in this field for your reference.
Tone - Display the tone settings that configured in the
advanced settings page of Phone Index.
Gain - Display the volume gain settings for Mic/Speaker
that configured in the advanced settings page of Phone
Index.
Default SIP Account – “draytel_1” is the default SIP
account. You can click the number below the Index field to
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change SIP account for each phone port.
DTMF Relay – Display DTMF mode that configured in the
advanced settings page of Phone Index.
RTP
Symmetric RTP – Check this box to invoke the function.
To make the data transmission going through on both ends
of local router and remote router not misleading due to IP
lost (for example, sending data from the public IP of remote
router to the private IP of local router), you can check this
box to solve this problem.
Dynamic RTP Port Start - Specifies the start port for RTP
stream. The default value is 10050.
Dynamic RTP Port End - Specifies the end port for RTP
stream. The default value is 15000.
RTP TOS – It decides the level of VoIP package. Use the
drop down list to choose any one of them.
After finishing all the settings here, please click OK to save the configuration.
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Detailed Settings for Phone Port
Click the number link for Phone port, you can access into the following page for configuring
Phone settings.
Available settings are explained as follows:
Item
Description
Hotline
Check the box to enable it. Type in the SIP URL in the field
for dialing automatically when you pick up the phone set.
Session Timer
Check the box to enable the function. In the limited time
that you set in this field, if there is no response, the
connecting call will be closed automatically.
T.38 Fax Function
Check the box to enable T.38 fax function.
Error Correction Mode – choose a mode for error
correction.
DND (Do Not Disturb)
mode
Set a period of peace time without disturbing by VoIP
phone call. During the period, the one who dial in will listen
busy tone, yet the local user will not listen any ring tone.
Index (1-15) in Schedule - Enter the index of schedule
profiles to control when the phone will ring and when will
not according to the preconfigured schedules. Refer to
section Application >>Schedule for detailed configuration.
Index (1-60) in Phone Book - Enter the index of phone
book profiles. Refer to section DialPlan – Phone Book for
detailed configuration.
CLIR (hide caller ID)
Check this box to hide the caller ID on the display panel of
the phone set.
Call Waiting
Check this box to invoke this function. A notice sound will
appear to tell the user new phone call is waiting for your
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response. Click hook flash to pick up the waiting phone
call.
Call Transfer
Check this box to invoke this function. Click hook flash to
initiate another phone call. When the phone call connection
succeeds, hang up the phone. The other two sides can
communicate, then.
Default SIP Account
You can set SIP accounts (up to six groups) on SIP Account
page. Use the drop down list to choose one of the profile
names for the accounts as the default one for this phone
setting.
Play dial tone only when account registered - Check this
box to invoke the function.
In addition, you can press the Advanced button to configure tone settings, volume gain, MISC
and DTMF mode. Advanced setting is provided for fitting the telecommunication custom for
the local area of the router installed. Wrong tone settings might cause inconvenience for users.
To set the sound pattern of the phone set, simply choose a proper region to let the system find
out the preset tone settings and caller ID type automatically. Or you can adjust tone settings
manually if you choose User Defined. TOn1, TOff1, TOn2 and TOff2 mean the cadence of the
tone pattern. TOn1 and TOn2 represent sound-on; TOff1 and TOff2 represent the sound-off.
Available settings are explained as follows:
Item
Description
Region
Select the proper region which you are located. The
common settings of Caller ID Type, Dial tone, Ringing
tone, Busy tone and Congestion tone will be shown
automatically on the page. If you cannot find out a suitable
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one, please choose User Defined and fill out the
corresponding values for dial tone, ringing tone, busy tone,
congestion tone by yourself for VoIP phone.
Also, you can specify each field for your necessity. It is
recommended for you to use the default settings for VoIP
communication.
Volume Gain
Mic Gain (1-10)/Speaker Gain (1-10) - Adjust the volume
of microphone and speaker by entering number from 1- 10.
The larger of the number, the louder the volume is.
MISC
Dial Tone Power Level - This setting is used to adjust the
loudness of the dial tone. The smaller the number is, the
louder the dial tone is. It is recommended for you to use the
default setting.
Ring Frequency - This setting is used to drive the
frequency of the ring tone. It is recommended for you to use
the default setting.
Call Waiting Tone Power Level - This setting is used to
adjust the loudness of the call waiting tone. The smaller the
number is, the louder the tone is. It is recommended for you
to use the default setting.
Interdigit Timeout –Type a value in this field to specify
time limit for interdigit.
DTMF
DTMF Mode – There are four DTMF modes for you to
choose.
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
InBand - Choose this one then the Vigor will send the
DTMF tone as audio directly when you press the
keypad on the phone.
 OutBand - Choose this one then the Vigor will
capture the keypad number you pressed and transform
it to digital form then send to the other side; the
receiver will generate the tone according to the digital
form it receive. This function is very useful when the
network traffic congestion occurs and it still can
remain the accuracy of DTMF tone.
 SIP INFO- Choose this one then the Vigor will
capture the DTMF tone and transfer it into SIP form.
Then it will be sent to the remote end with SIP
message.
Payload Type (rfc2833) - Type a number from 96 to 127,
the default value was 101. This setting is available for the
OutBand (RFC2833) mode.
3.11.4 Status
From this page, you can find codec, connection and other important call status for each port.
Available settings are explained as follows:
Item
Description
Refresh Seconds
Specify the interval of refresh time to obtain the latest VoIP
calling information. The information will update
immediately when the Refresh button is clicked.
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Port
It shows current connection status for Phone(s) ports.
Status
It shows the VoIP connection status.
IDLE - Indicates that the VoIP function is idle.
HANG_UP - Indicates that the connection is not
established (busy tone).
CONNECTING - Indicates that the user is calling out.
WAIT_ANS - Indicates that a connection is launched and
waiting for remote user’s answer.
ALERTING - Indicates that a call is coming.
ACTIVE-Indicates that the VoIP connection is launched.
Codec
Indicates the voice codec employed by present channel.
PeerID
The present in-call or out-call peer ID (the format may be
IP or Domain).
Elapse(hh:mm:ss)
The format is represented as hours:minutes:seconds.
Tx Pkts
Total number of transmitted voice packets during this
connection session.
Rx Pkts
Total number of received voice packets during this
connection session.
Rx Losts
Total number of lost packets during this connection session.
Rx Jitter
The jitter of received voice packets.
In Calls
Accumulation for the times of in call.
Out Calls
Accumulation for the times of out call.
Miss Calls
Accumulation for the times of missing call.
Speaker Gain
The volume of present call.
Log
Display logs of VoIP calls.
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3.12 Wireless LAN
This function is used for “n” models only.
3.12.1 Basic Concepts
Over recent years, the market for wireless communications has enjoyed tremendous growth.
Wireless technology now reaches or is capable of reaching virtually every location on the
surface of the earth. Hundreds of millions of people exchange information every day via
wireless communication products. The Vigor “n” model, a.k.a. Vigor wireless router, is
designed for maximum flexibility and efficiency of a small office/home. Any authorized staff
can bring a built-in WLAN client PDA or notebook into a meeting room for conference
without laying a clot of LAN cable or drilling holes everywhere. Wireless LAN enables high
mobility so WLAN users can simultaneously access all LAN facilities just like on a wired
LAN as well as Internet access.
The Vigor wireless routers are equipped with a wireless LAN interface compliant with the
standard IEEE 802.11n draft 2 protocol. To boost its performance further, the Vigor Router is
also loaded with advanced wireless technology to lift up data rate up to 300 Mbps*. Hence,
you can finally smoothly enjoy stream music and video.
Note: * The actual data throughput will vary according to the network conditions and
environmental factors, including volume of network traffic, network overhead and
building materials.
In an Infrastructure Mode of wireless network, Vigor wireless router plays a role as an Access
Point (AP) connecting to lots of wireless clients or Stations (STA). All the STAs will share the
same Internet connection via Vigor wireless router. The General Settings will set up the
information of this wireless network, including its SSID as identification, located channel etc.
Multiple SSIDs
Vigor router supports four SSID settings for wireless connections. Each SSID can be defined
with different name and download/upload rate for selecting by stations connected to the router
wirelessly.
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Security Overview
Real-time Hardware Encryption: Vigor Router is equipped with a hardware AES encryption
engine so it can apply the highest protection to your data without influencing user experience.
Complete Security Standard Selection: To ensure the security and privacy of your wireless
communication, we provide several prevailing standards on market.
WEP (Wired Equivalent Privacy) is a legacy method to encrypt each frame transmitted via
radio using either a 64-bit or 128-bit key. Usually access point will preset a set of four keys
and it will communicate with each station using only one out of the four keys.
WPA (Wi-Fi Protected Access), the most dominating security mechanism in industry, is
separated into two categories: WPA-personal or called WPA Pre-Share Key (WPA/PSK), and
WPA-Enterprise or called WPA/802.1x.
In WPA-Personal, a pre-defined key is used for encryption during data transmission. WPA
applies Temporal Key Integrity Protocol (TKIP) for data encryption while WPA2 applies AES.
The WPA-Enterprise combines not only encryption but also authentication.
Since WEP has been proved vulnerable, you may consider using WPA for the most secure
connection. You should select the appropriate security mechanism according to your needs.
No matter which security suite you select, they all will enhance the over-the-air data
protection and /or privacy on your wireless network. The Vigor wireless router is very flexible
and can support multiple secure connections with both WEP and WPA at the same time.
Separate the Wireless and the Wired LAN- WLAN Isolation enables you to isolate your
wireless LAN from wired LAN for either quarantine or limit access reasons. To isolate means
neither of the parties can access each other. To elaborate an example for business use, you
may set up a wireless LAN for visitors only so they can connect to Internet without hassle of
the confidential information leakage. For a more flexible deployment, you may add filters of
MAC addresses to isolate users’ access from wired LAN.
Manage Wireless Stations - Station List will display all the station in your wireless network
and the status of their connection.
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3.12.2 General Setup
By clicking the General Settings, a new web page will appear so that you could configure the
SSID and the wireless channel. Please refer to the following figure for more information.
Available settings are explained as follows:
Item
Description
Enable Wireless LAN
Check the box to enable wireless function.
Mode
At present, the router can connect to 11b Only, 11g Only,
11n Only(2.4 GHz), Mixed (11b+11g), Mixed (11g+11n),
and Mixed (11b+11g+11n) stations simultaneously. Simply
choose Mixed (11b+11g+11n) mode.
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Channel
Means the channel of frequency of the wireless LAN. The
default channel is 6. You may switch channel if the selected
channel is under serious interference. If you have no idea of
choosing the frequency, please select Auto to let system
determine for you.
Hide SSID
Check it to prevent from wireless sniffing and make it
harder for unauthorized clients or STAs to join your
wireless LAN. Depending on the wireless utility, the user
may only see the information except SSID or just cannot
see any thing about Vigor wireless router while site
surveying. The system allows you to set four sets of SSID
for different usage. In default, the first set of SSID will be
enabled. You can hide it for your necessity.
SSID
Means the identification of the wireless LAN. SSID can be
any text numbers or various special characters.
Isolate
Member –Check this box to make the wireless clients
(stations) with the same SSID not accessing for each other.
VPN – Check this box to make the wireless clients
(stations) with different VPN not accessing for each other.
Rate Control
It controls the data transmission rate through wireless
connection.
Upload – Check Enable and type the transmitting rate for
data upload. Default value is 30,000 kbps.
Download – Type the transmitting rate for data download.
Default value is 30,000 kbps.
Schedule
Set the wireless LAN to work at certain time interval only.
You may choose up to 4 schedules out of the 15 schedules
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pre-defined in Applications >> Schedule setup. The
default setting of this field is blank and the function will
always work.
After finishing all the settings here, please click OK to save the configuration.
3.12.3 Security
This page allows you to set security with different modes for SSID 1, 2, 3 and 4 respectively.
After configuring the correct settings, please click OK to save and invoke it.
The password (PSK) of default security mode is provided and stated on the label pasted on the
bottom of the router. For the wireless client who wants to access into Internet through such
router, please input the default PSK value for connection.
Note: All wireless devices must support the same encryption bit length and share the same
key. If WEP mode is selected, only one of four preset keys can be selected at one time.
By clicking the Security Settings, a new web page will appear so that you could configure the
settings of WPA and WEP.
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Available settings are explained as follows:
Item
Description
Mode
There are several modes provided for you to choose.
Disable - Turn off the encryption mechanism.
WEP-Accepts only WEP clients and the encryption key
should be entered in WEP Key.
WPA/PSK-Accepts only WPA clients and the encryption
key should be entered in PSK.
WPA2/PSK-Accepts only WPA2 clients and the
encryption key should be entered in PSK.
Mixed (WPA+ WPA2)/PSK - Accepts WPA and WPA2
clients simultaneously and the encryption key should be
entered in PSK.
WPA
The WPA encrypts each frame transmitted from the radio
using the key, which either PSK (Pre-Shared Key) entered
manually in this field below or automatically negotiated via
802.1x authentication. Either 8~63 ASCII characters, such
as 012345678(or 64 Hexadecimal digits leading by 0x, such
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as "0x321253abcde...").
Type - Select from Mixed (WPA+WPA2) or WPA2 only.
Pre-Shared Key (PSK) - Either 8~63 ASCII characters,
such as 012345678..(or 64 Hexadecimal digits leading by
0x, such as "0x321253abcde...").
WEP
64-Bit - For 64 bits WEP key, either 5 ASCII characters,
such as 12345 (or 10 hexadecimal digitals leading by 0x,
such as 0x4142434445.)
128-Bit - For 128 bits WEP key, either 13 ASCII
characters, such as ABCDEFGHIJKLM (or 26 hexadecimal
digits leading by 0x, such as
0x4142434445464748494A4B4C4D).
All wireless devices must support the same WEP encryption
bit size and have the same key. Four keys can be entered
here, but only one key can be selected at a time. The keys
can be entered in ASCII or Hexadecimal. Check the key
you wish to use.
After finishing all the settings here, please click OK to save the configuration.
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3.12.4 Access Control
In the Access Control, the router may restrict wireless access to certain wireless clients only
by locking their MAC address into a black or white list. The user may block wireless clients
by inserting their MAC addresses into a black list, or only let them be able to connect by
inserting their MAC addresses into a white list.
In the Access Control web page, users may configure the white/black list modes used by
each SSID and the MAC addresses applied to their lists.
Available settings are explained as follows:
Item
Description
Enable Mac Address
Filter
Select to enable the MAC Address filter for wireless LAN
identified with SSID 1 to 4 respectively. All the clients
(expressed by MAC addresses) listed in the box can be
grouped under different wireless LAN. For example, they
can be grouped under SSID 1 and SSID 2 at the same time
if you check SSID 1 and SSID 2.
MAC Address Filter
Display all MAC addresses that are edited before.
Client’s MAC Address
Manually enter the MAC address of wireless client.
Apply SSID
After entering the client’s MAC address, check the box of
the SSIDs desired to insert this MAC address into their
access control list.
Attribute
s: Isolate the station from LAN - select to isolate the
wireless connection of the wireless client of the MAC
address from LAN.
Add
Add a new MAC address into the list.
Delete
Delete the selected MAC address in the list.
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Edit
Edit the selected MAC address in the list.
Cancel
Give up the access control set up.
OK
Click it to save the access control list.
Clear All
Clean all entries in the MAC address list.
After finishing all the settings here, please click OK to save the configuration.
3.12.5 WPS
WPS (Wi-Fi Protected Setup) provides easy procedure to make network connection between
wireless station and wireless access point (vigor router) with the encryption of WPA and
WPA2.
Note: Such function is available for the wireless station with WPS supported.
It is the simplest way to build connection between wireless network clients and vigor router.
Users do not need to select any encryption mode and type any long encryption passphrase to
setup a wireless client every time. He/she only needs to press a button on wireless client, and
WPS will connect for client and router automatically.
There are two methods to do network connection through WPS between AP and Stations:
pressing the Start PBC button or using PIN Code.
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
On the side of Vigor 2760 series which served as an AP, press WPS button once on the
front panel of the router or click Start PBC on web configuration interface. On the side
of a station with network card installed, press Start PBC button of network card.

If you want to use PIN code, you have to know the PIN code specified in wireless client.
Then provide the PIN code of the wireless client you wish to connect to the vigor router.
For WPS is supported in WPA-PSK or WPA2-PSK mode, if you do not choose such mode in
Wireless LAN>>Security, you will see the following message box.
Please click OK and go back Wireless LAN>>Security to choose WPA-PSK or WPA2-PSK
mode and access WPS again.
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Below shows Wireless LAN>>WPS web page:
Available settings are explained as follows:
Item
Description
Enable WPS
Check this box to enable WPS setting.
WPS Status
Display related system information for WPS. If the wireless
security (encryption) function of the router is properly
configured, you can see ‘Configured’ message here.
SSID
Display the SSID1 of the router. WPS is supported by
SSID1 only.
Authentication Mode
Display current authentication mode of the router. Only
WPA2/PSK and WPA/PSK support WPS.
Configure via Push
Button
Click Start PBC to invoke Push-Button style WPS setup
procedure. The router will wait for WPS requests from
wireless clients about two minutes. The WPS LED on the
router will blink fast when WPS is in progress. It will return
to normal condition after two minutes. (You need to setup
WPS within two minutes)
Configure via Client
PinCode
Please input the PIN code specified in wireless client you
wish to connect, and click Start PIN button. The WPS
LED on the router will blink fast when WPS is in progress.
It will return to normal condition after two minutes. (You
need to setup WPS within two minutes)
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3.12.6 WDS
WDS means Wireless Distribution System. It is a protocol for connecting two access points
(AP) wirelessly. Usually, it can be used for the following application:


Provide bridge traffic between two LANs through the air.
Extend the coverage range of a WLAN.
To meet the above requirement, two WDS modes are implemented in Vigor router. One is
Bridge, the other is Repeater. Below shows the function of WDS-bridge interface:
The application for the WDS-Repeater mode is depicted as below:
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The major difference between these two modes is that: while in Repeater mode, the packets
received from one peer AP can be repeated to another peer AP through WDS links. Yet in
Bridge mode, packets received from a WDS link will only be forwarded to local wired or
wireless hosts. In other words, only Repeater mode can do WDS-to-WDS packet forwarding.
In the following examples, hosts connected to Bridge 1 or 3 can communicate with hosts
connected to Bridge 2 through WDS links. However, hosts connected to Bridge 1 CANNOT
communicate with hosts connected to Bridge 3 through Bridge 2.
Click WDS from Wireless LAN menu. The following page will be shown.
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Available settings are explained as follows:
Item
Description
Mode
Choose the mode for WDS setting. Disable mode will not
invoke any WDS setting. Bridge mode is designed to fulfill
the first type of application. Repeater mode is for the
second one.
Security
There are three types for security, Disable, WEP and
Pre-shared key. The setting you choose here will make the
following WEP or Pre-shared key field valid or not. Choose
one of the types for the router.
WEP
Check this box to use the same key set in Security Settings
page. If you did not set any key in Security Settings page,
this check box will be dimmed.
Pre-shared Key
Type – There are some types for you to choose. WPA and
WPA2 are used for WDS devices (e.g.2920n wireless
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router, you can set the encryption mode as WPA or WPA2
to establish your WDS system between AP and the router.
Key - Type 8 ~ 63 ASCII characters or 64 hexadecimal
digits leading by “0x”.
Bridge
If you choose Bridge as the connecting mode, please type in
the peer MAC address in these fields. Four peer MAC
addresses are allowed to be entered in this page at one time.
Yet please disable the unused link to get better
performance. If you want to invoke the peer MAC address,
remember to check Enable box in the front of the MAC
address after typing.
Repeater
If you choose Repeater as the connecting mode, please type
in the peer MAC address in these fields. Four peer MAC
addresses are allowed to be entered in this page at one time.
Similarly, if you want to invoke the peer MAC address,
remember to check Enable box in the front of the MAC
address after typing.
Access Point Function
Click Enable to make this router serving as an access point;
click Disable to cancel this function.
Status
It allows user to send “hello” message to peers. Yet, it is
valid only when the peer also supports this function.
After finishing all the settings here, please click OK to save the configuration.
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3.12.7 Advanced Setting
This page allows users to set advanced settings such as operation mode, channel bandwidth,
guard interval, and aggregation MSDU for wireless data transmission.
Available settings are explained as follows:
Item
Description
Operation Mode
Mixed Mode – the router can transmit data with the ways
supported in both 802.11a/b/g and 802.11n standards.
However, the entire wireless transmission will be slowed
down if 802.11g or 802.11b wireless client is connected.
Green Field – to get the highest throughput, please choose
such mode. Such mode can make the data transmission
happening between 11n systems only. In addition, it does
not have protection mechanism to avoid the conflict with
neighboring devices of 802.11a/b/g.
Channel Bandwidth
20- the router will use 20Mhz for data transmission and
receiving between the AP and the stations.
20/40 – the router will use 20Mhz or 40Mhz for data
transmission and receiving according to the station
capability. Such channel can increase the performance for
data transit.
Guard Interval
It is to assure the safety of propagation delays and
reflections for the sensitive digital data. If you choose auto
as guard interval, the AP router will choose short guard
interval (increasing the wireless performance) or long guard
interval for data transmit based on the station capability.
Aggregation MSDU
Aggregation MSDU can combine frames with different
sizes. It is used for improving MAC layer’s performance
for some brand’s clients. The default setting is Enable.
Long Preamble
This option is to define the length of the sync field in an
802.11 packet. Most modern wireless network uses short
preamble with 56 bit sync field instead of long preamble
with 128 bit sync field. However, some original 11b
wireless network devices only support long preamble. Click
Enable to use Long Preamble if needed to communicate
with this kind of devices.
Packet-OVERDRIVE
This feature can enhance the performance in data
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transmission about 40%* more (by checking Tx Burst). It
is active only when both sides of Access Point and Station
(in wireless client) invoke this function at the same time.
That is, the wireless client must support this feature and
invoke the function, too.
Note: Vigor N61 wireless adapter supports this function.
Therefore, you can use and install it into your PC for
matching with Packet-OVERDRIVE (refer to the following
picture of Vigor N61 wireless utility window, choose
Enable for TxBURST on the tab of Option).
Note: * means the real transmission rate depends on the
environment of the network.
After finishing all the settings here, please click OK to save the configuration.
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3.12.8 WMM Configuration
WMM is an abbreviation of Wi-Fi Multimedia. It defines the priority levels for four access
categories derived from 802.1d (prioritization tabs). The categories are designed with specific
types of traffic, voice, video, best effort and low priority data. There are four accessing
categories - AC_BE , AC_BK, AC_VI and AC_VO for WMM.
APSD (automatic power-save delivery) is an enhancement over the power-save mechanisms
supported by Wi-Fi networks. It allows devices to take more time in sleeping state and
consume less power to improve the performance by minimizing transmission latency.
Available settings are explained as follows:
Item
Description
WMM Capable
To apply WMM parameters for wireless data transmission,
please click the Enable radio button.
APSD Capable
The default setting is Disable.
Aifsn
It controls how long the client waits for each data
transmission. Please specify the value ranging from 1 to 15.
Such parameter will influence the time delay for WMM
accessing categories. For the service of voice or video
image, please set small value for AC_VI and AC_VO
categories For the service of e-mail or web browsing, please
set large value for AC_BE and AC_BK categories.
CWMin/CWMax
CWMin means contention Window-Min and CWMax
means contention Window-Max. Please specify the value
ranging from 1 to 15. Be aware that CWMax value must be
greater than CWMin or equals to CWMin value. Both
values will influence the time delay for WMM accessing
categories. The difference between AC_VI and AC_VO
categories must be smaller; however, the difference
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between AC_BE and AC_BK categories must be greater.
Txop
It means transmission opportunity. For WMM categories of
AC_VI and AC_VO that need higher priorities in data
transmission, please set greater value for them to get
highest transmission opportunity. Specify the value ranging
from 0 to 65535.
ACM
It is an abbreviation of Admission control Mandatory. It can
restrict stations from using specific category class if it is
checked.
Note: Vigor2760 provides standard WMM configuration in
the web page. If you want to modify the parameters, please
refer to the Wi-Fi WMM standard specification.
AckPolicy
“Uncheck” (default value) the box means the AP router will
answer the response request while transmitting WMM
packets through wireless connection. It can assure that the
peer must receive the WMM packets.
“Check” the box means the AP router will not answer any
response request for the transmitting packets. It will have
better performance with lower reliability.
After finishing all the settings here, please click OK to save the configuration.
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3.12.9 AP Discovery
Vigor router can scan all regulatory channels and find working APs in the neighborhood.
Based on the scanning result, users will know which channel is clean for usage. Also, it can be
used to facilitate finding an AP for a WDS link. Notice that during the scanning process (about
5 seconds), no client is allowed to connect to Vigor.
This page is used to scan the existence of the APs on the wireless LAN. Yet, only the AP
which is in the same channel of this router can be found. Please click Scan to discover all the
connected APs.
Available settings are explained as follows:
Item
Description
Scan
It is used to discover all the connected AP. The results will
be shown on the box above this button.
Statistics
It displays the statistics for the channels used by APs.
Add to
If you want the found AP applying the WDS settings,
please type in the AP’s MAC address on the bottom of the
page and click Bridge or Repeater. Next, click Add to.
Later, the MAC address of the AP will be added to Bridge
or Repeater field of WDS settings page.
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3.12.10 Station List
Station List provides the knowledge of connecting wireless clients now along with its status
code. There is a code summary below for explanation. For convenient Access Control, you
can select a WLAN station and click Add to Access Control below.
Available settings are explained as follows:
Item
Description
Refresh
Click this button to refresh the status of station list.
Add
Click this button to add current typed MAC address into
Access Control.
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3.13 USB Application
USB storage disk connected on Vigor router can be regarded as a server or WAN interface. By
way of Vigor router, clients on LAN can access, write and read data stored in USB storage
disk with different applications. After setting the configuration in USB Application, you can
type the IP address of the Vigor router and username/password created in USB
Application>>USB User Management on the client software. Then, the client can use the
FTP site (USB storage disk) as a simple local or remote NAS device.
Note: USB ports on Vigor router are allowed to connect to compatible USB 3G/4G
modems. For network connection via USB modem, refer to WAN>>Internet Access and
WAN>>General Setup for detailed information.
3.13.1 USB General Settings
This page will determine the number of concurrent FTP connection, default charset for FTP
server. At present, the Vigor router can support USB storage disk with FAT32 format only so
your USB memory should be formatted to FAT32.
Available settings are explained as follows:
Item
Description
General Settings
Simultaneous FTP Connections - This field is used to
specify the quantity of the FTP sessions. The router allows
up to 6 FTP sessions connecting to USB storage disk at one
time.
Default Charset - At present, Vigor router supports four
types of character sets. Default Charset is for English based
file name.
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After finishing all the settings here, please click OK to save the configuration.
3.13.2 USB User Management
This page allows you to set profiles for FTP/Samba users. Any user who wants to access into
the USB storage disk must type the same username and password configured in this page.
Before adding or modifying settings in this page, please insert a USB storage disk first.
Otherwise, an error message will appear to warn you.
Click index number to access into configuration page.
Available settings are explained as follows:
Item
Description
FTP User
Enable – Click this button to activate this profile (account)
for FTP. Later, the user can use the username specified in
this page to login into FTP server.
Disable – Click this button to disable such profile.
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Username
Type the username for FTP/Samba users for accessing into
FTP server (USB storage disk). Be aware that users cannot
access into USB storage disk in anonymity. Later, you can
open FTP client software and type the username specified
here for accessing into USB storage disk. The length of the
name is limited to 11 characters.
Note: You cannot have a username of ‘admin’ as it is
reserved.
Note: FTP Passive mode is not supported by Vigor Router.
Please disable the mode on the FTP client.
Password
Type the password for FTP/Samba users for accessing FTP
server. Later, you can open FTP client software and type
the password specified here for accessing into USB storage
disk. The length of the password is limited to 11 characters.
Confirm Password
Type the password again to make confirmation.
Home Folder
It determines the folder for the client to access into.
The user can enter a directory name in this field. Then, after
clicking OK, the router will create the specific/new folder
in the USB storage disk. In addition, if the user types “/”
here, he/she can access into all of the disk folders and files
in USB storage disk.
Note: When write protect status for the USB storage disk is
ON, you cannot type any new folder name in this field.
Only “/” can be used in such case.
You can click
to open the following dialog to add any
new folder which can be specified as the Home Folder.
Access Rule
It determines the authority for such profile. Any user, who
uses such profile for accessing into USB storage disk, must
follow the rule specified here.
File – Check the items (Read, Write and Delete) for such
profile.
Directory –Check the items (List, Create and Remove) for
such profile.
Before you click OK, you have to insert a USB storage disk into the USB interface of the
Vigor router. Otherwise, you cannot save the configuration.
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File Explorer offers an easy way for users to view and manage the content of USB storage disk
connected on Vigor router.
Available settings are explained as follows:
Item
Description
Click this icon to refresh files list.
Refresh
Click this icon to return to the upper directory.
Back
Click this icon to add a new folder.
Create
Current Path
Display current folder.
Upload
Click this button to upload the selected file to the USB
storage disk. The uploaded file in the USB diskette can be
shared for other user through FTP.
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3.13.4 USB Device Status
This page is to monitor the status for the users who accessing into FTP or Samba server (USB
storage disk) via the Vigor router. In addition, the status of the USB modem or USB printer
connecting to Vigor router can be checked from such page. If you want to remove the storage
disk from USB port in router, please click Disconnect USB Disk first. And then, remove the
USB storage disk later.
Available settings are explained as follows:
Item
Description
Connection Status
If there is no USB storage disk connected to Vigor router,
“No Disk Connected” will be shown here.
Disk Capacity
It displays the total capacity of the USB storage disk.
Free Capacity
It displays the free space of the USB storage disk. Click
Refresh at any time to get new status for free capacity.
Index
It displays the number of the client which connecting to
FTP server.
IP Address
It displays the IP address of the user’s host which
connecting to the FTP server.
Username
It displays the username that user uses to login to the FTP
server.
When you insert USB storage disk into the Vigor router, the system will start to find out such
device within several seconds.
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3.13.5 Modem Support List
For the latest list of supported USB 3G/4G modems, particularly with regional telcos, we
recommend checking the web site, but this page will show a summary of some of the
supported models.
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3.14 System Maintenance
For the system setup, there are several items that you have to know the way of configuration:
System Status, TR-069, Administrator Password, User Password, Login Page Greeting,
Configuration Backup, Syslog /Mail Alert, Time and Date, Management, Reboot System,
Firmware Upgrade and Activation.
Below shows the menu items for System Maintenance.
3.14.1 System Status
The System Status provides basic network settings of Vigor router. It includes LAN and
WAN interface information. Also, you could get the current running firmware version or
firmware related information from this presentation.
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Available settings are explained as follows:
Item
Description
Model Name
Display the model name of the router.
Firmware Version
Display the firmware version of the router.
Build Date/Time
Display the date and time of the current firmware build.
LAN
MAC Address
- Display the MAC address of the LAN Interface.
IP Address
- Display the IP address of the LAN interface.
Subnet Mask
- Display the subnet mask address of the LAN interface.
DHCP Server
- Display the current status of DHCP server of the LAN
interface
DNS
- Display the assigned IP address of the primary DNS.
WAN
Link Status
- Display current connection status.
MAC Address
- Display the MAC address of the WAN Interface.
Connection
- Display the connection type.
IP Address
- Display the IP address of the WAN interface.
Default Gateway
- Display the assigned IP address of the default gateway.
IPv6
Address - Display the IPv6 address for LAN.
Scope - Display the scope of IPv6 address. For example,
IPv6 Link Local could only be used for direct IPv6 link. It
can't be used for IPv6 internet.
Internet Access Mode – Display the connection mode
chosen for accessing into Internet.
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3.14.2 TR-069
This device supports TR-069 standard. It is very convenient for an administrator to manage a
TR-069 device through an Auto Configuration Server, e.g., VigorACS.
Available settings are explained as follows:
Item
Description
ACS Server On
Choose the interface for the router connecting to ACS
server.
ACS Server
URL/Username/Password – Such data must be typed
according to the ACS (Auto Configuration Server) you
want to link. Please refer to Auto Configuration Server
user’s manual for detailed information.
CPE Client
Such information is useful for Auto Configuration Server.
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Enable/Disable – Allow/Deny the CPE Client to connect
with Auto Configuration Server.
Port – Sometimes, port conflict might be occurred. To
solve such problem, you might change port number for
CPE.
Periodic Inform Settings
The default setting is Enable. Please set interval time or
schedule time for the router to send notification to CPE. Or
click Disable to close the mechanism of notification.
STUN Settings
The default is Disable. If you click Enable, please type the
relational settings listed below:
Server IP – Type the IP address of the STUN server.
Server Port – Type the port number of the STUN server.
Minimum Keep Alive Period – If STUN is enabled, the
CPE must send binding request to the server for the purpose
of maintaining the binding in the Gateway. Please type a
number as the minimum period. The default setting is “60
seconds”.
Maximum Keep Alive Period – If STUN is enabled, the
CPE must send binding request to the server for the purpose
of maintaining the binding in the Gateway. Please type a
number as the maximum period. A value of “-1” indicates
that no maximum period is specified.
3.14.3 Administrator Password
This page allows you to set new password.
Available settings are explained as follows:
Item
Description
Old Password
Type in the old password. The factory default setting for
password is “admin”.
New Password
Type in new password in this field.
Confirm Password
Type in the new password again.
When you click OK, the login window will appear. Please use the new password to access
into the web user interface again.
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3.14.4 User Password
This page allows you to set new password for user operation.
Available settings are explained as follows:
Item
Description
Enable User Mode for
simple web configuration
After checking this box, you can access into the web user
interface with the password typed here for simple web
configuration.
The settings on simple web user interface will be different
with full web user interface accessed by using the
administrator password.
Password
Type in new password in this field. The length of the
password is limited to 31 characters.
Confirm Password
Type in the new password again.
Set to Factory Default
Click to return to the factory default setting.
When you click OK, the login window will appear. Please use the new password to access
into the web user interface again.
Below shows an example for accessing into User Operation with User Password.
1. Open System Maintenance>>User Password.
2. Check the box of Enable User Mode for simple web configuration to enable user mode
operation. Type a new password in the field of New Password and click OK.
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3. The following screen will appear. Simply click OK.
4. Log out Vigor router web user interface by clicking the Logout button.
5. The following window will be open to ask for username and password. Type the new user
password in the filed of Password and click Login.
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6. The main screen with User Mode will be shown as follows.
Settings to be configured in User Mode will be less than settings in Admin Mode. Only
basic configuration settings will be available in User Mode.
Note: Setting in User Mode can be configured as same as in Admin Mode.
3.14.5 Login Page Greeting
When you want to access into the web user interface of Vigor router, the system will ask you
to offer username and password first. At that moment, the background of the web page is
blank and no heading will be displayed on the Login window. This page allows you to specify
login URL and the heading on the Login window if you have such requirement.
Available settings are explained as follows:
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Item
Description
Enable
Check this box to enable the login customization function.
Login Page Title
Type a brief description (e.g., Welcome to DrayTek) which
will be shown on the heading of the login dialog.
Welcome Message and
Bulletin
Type words or sentences here. It will be displayed for
bulletin message. In addition, it can be displayed on the
login dialog at the bottom.
Note that do not type URL redirect link here.
Preview
Click it to display the preview of the login window based
on the settings on this web page.
Set to Factory Default
Click to return to the factory default setting.
Below shows an example of login customization with the information typed in Login
Description and Bulletin.
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3.14.6 Configuration Backup
Backup the Configuration
Follow the steps below to backup your configuration.
1.
Go to System Maintenance >> Configuration Backup. The following windows will be
popped-up, as shown below.
2.
Click Backup button to get into the following dialog. Click Save button to open another
dialog for saving configuration as a file.
3.
In Save As dialog, the default filename is config.cfg. You could give it another name by
yourself.
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4.
Click Save button, the configuration will download automatically to your computer as a
file named config.cfg.
The above example is using Windows platform for demonstrating examples. The Mac or
Linux platform will appear different windows, but the backup function is still available.
Note: Backup for Certification must be done independently. The Configuration Backup
does not include information of Certificate.
Restore Configuration
1.
Go to System Maintenance >> Configuration Backup. The following windows will be
popped-up, as shown below.
2.
Click Browse button to choose the correct configuration file for uploading to the router.
3.
Click Restore button and wait for few seconds, the following picture will tell you that
the restoration procedure is successful.
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3.14.7 Syslog/Mail Alert
SysLog function is provided for users to monitor router. There is no bother to directly get into
the Web user interface of the router or borrow debug equipments.
Available settings are explained as follows:
Item
Description
SysLog Access Setup
Enable - Check Enable to activate function of syslog.
Syslog Save to – Check Syslog Server to save the log to
Syslog server.
Check USB Disk to save the log to the attached USB
storage disk.
Router Name
Display the name for such router configured in System
Maintenance>>Management.
If there is no name here, simply lick the link to access into
System Maintenance>>Management to set the router
name.
Server IP Address -The IP address of the Syslog server.
Destination Port - Assign a port for the Syslog protocol.
Mail Syslog – Check the box to recode the mail event on
Syslog.
Enable syslog message - Check the box listed on this web
page to send the corresponding message of firewall, VPN,
User Access, Call, WAN, Router/DSL information to
Syslog.
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Mail Alert Setup
Check Enable to activate function of mail alert.
Send a test e-mail - Make a simple test for the e-mail
address specified in this page. Please assign the mail
address first and click this button to execute a test for verify
the mail address is available or not.
SMTP Server/SMTP Port - The IP address/Port number
of the SMTP server.
Mail To - Assign a mail address for sending mails out.
Return-Path - Assign a path for receiving the mail from
outside.
Use SSL - Check this box to use port 465 for SMTP server
for some e-mail server uses https as the transmission
method.
Authentication - Check this box to activate this function
while using e-mail application.
User Name - Type the user name for authentication.
Password - Type the password for authentication.
Enable E-mail Alert - Check the box to send alert message
to the e-mail box while the router detecting the item(s) you
specify here.
Click OK to save these settings.
For viewing the Syslog, please do the following:
1.
Just set your monitor PC’s IP address in the field of Server IP Address
2.
Install the Router Tools in the Utility within provided CD. After installation, click on the
Router Tools>>Syslog from program menu.
3.
From the Syslog screen, select the router you want to monitor. Be reminded that in
Network Information, select the network adapter used to connect to the router.
Otherwise, you won’t succeed in retrieving information from the router.
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3.14.8 Time and Date
It allows you to specify where the time of the router should be inquired from.
Available settings are explained as follows:
Item
Description
Current System Time
Click Inquire Time to get the current time.
Use Browser Time
Select this option to use the browser time from the remote
administrator PC host as router’s system time.
Use Internet Time
Select to inquire time information from Time Server on the
Internet using assigned protocol.
Time Server
Type the IP address of the time server.
Priority
Choose Auto or IPv6 First as the priority.
Time Zone
Select the time zone where the router is located.
Enable Daylight Saving
Check the box to enable the daylight saving. Such feature is
available for certain area.
Automatically Update
Interval
Select a time interval for updating from the NTP server.
Click OK to save these settings.
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3.14.9 SNMP
This page allows you to configure settings for SNMP and SNMPV3 services.
The SNMPv3 is more secure than SNMP through the encryption method (support AES and
DES) and authentication method (support MD5 and SHA) for the management needs.
Available settings are explained as follows:
Item
Description
Enable SNMP Agent
Check it to enable this function.
Get Community
Set the name for getting community by typing a proper
character. The default setting is public.
The maximum length of the text is limited to 23 characters.
Set Community
Set community by typing a proper name. The default setting
is private.
The maximum length of the text is limited to 23 characters.
Manager Host IP (IPv4)
Set one host as the manager to execute SNMP function.
Please type in IPv4 address to specify certain host.
Manager Host IP (IPv6)
Set one host as the manager to execute SNMP function.
Please type in IPv6 address to specify certain host.
Trap Community
Set trap community by typing a proper name. The default
setting is public.
The maximum length of the text is limited to 23 characters.
Notification Host IP
(IPv4)
Set the IPv4 address of the host that will receive the trap
community.
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Notification Host IP
(IPv6)
Set the IPv6 address of the host that will receive the trap
community.
Trap Timeout
The default setting is 10 seconds.
Enable SNMPV3 Agent
Check it to enable this function.
USM User
USM means user-based security mode.
Type a username which will be used for authentication. The
maximum length of the text is limited to 23 characters.
Auth Algorithm
Choose one of the encryption methods listed below as the
authentication algorithm.
Auth Password
Type a password for authentication. The maximum length
of the text is limited to 23 characters.
Privacy Algorithm
Choose one of the methods listed below as the privacy
algorithm.
Privacy Password
Type a password for privacy. The maximum length of the
text is limited to 23 characters.
Click OK to save these settings.
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3.14.10 Management
This page allows you to manage the settings for Internet/LAN Access Control, Access List
from Internet, Management Port Setup, and External Device Control.
The management pages for IPv4 and IPv6 protocols are different.
For IPv4
Available settings are explained as follows:
Item
Description
Router Name
Type in the router name provided by ISP.
Default: Disable
Auto-Logout
If it is enabled, the function of auto-logout for web user
interface will be disabled.
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The web user interface will be open until you click the
Logout icon manually.
Internet Access Control
Allow management from the Internet - Enable the
checkbox to allow system administrators to login from the
Internet. There are several servers provided by the system to
allow you managing the router from Internet. Check the
box(es) to specify.
Disable PING from the Internet - Check the checkbox to
reject all PING packets from the Internet. For security issue,
this function is enabled by default.
LAN Access Control
Allow management from LAN- Enable the checkbox to
allow system administrators to login from LAN interface.
There are several servers provided by the system which
allow you to manage the router from LAN interface. Check
the box(es) to specify.
Apply To – Check the LAN interface for the administrator
to use for accessing into web user interface of Vigor router.
Access List from the
Internet
You could specify that the system administrator can only
login from a specific host or network defined in the list. A
maximum of three IPs/subnet masks is allowed.
List IP - Indicate an IP address allowed to login to the
router.
Subnet Mask - Represent a subnet mask allowed to login to
the router.
Management Port Setup
User Define Ports - Check to specify user-defined port
numbers for the Telnet, HTTP, HTTPS, FTP, TR-069 and
SSH servers.
Default Ports - Check to use standard port numbers for the
Telnet and HTTP servers.
External Device Control
No respond to External Device – Check the box to make
Vigor2760 not being detected by other router and not being
displayed as an external device.
After finished the above settings, click OK to save the configuration.
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For IPv6
Available settings are explained as follows:
Item
Description
Management Access
Control
Allow management from the Internet - Enable the
checkbox to allow system administrators to login from the
Internet. There are several servers provided by the system
to allow you managing the router from Internet. Check the
box(es) to specify.
Enable PING from the Internet - Check the checkbox
to enable all PING packets from the Internet. For security
issue, this function is disabled by default.
Access List
You could specify that the system administrator can only
login from a specific host or network defined in the list. A
maximum of three IPs/subnet masks is allowed.
IPv6 Address /Prefix Length- Indicate the IP address(es)
allowed to login to the router.
After finished the above settings, click OK to save the configuration.
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3.14.11 Reboot System
The Web user interface may be used to restart your router. Click Reboot System from System
Maintenance to open the following page.
Index (1-15) in Schedule Setup - You can type in four sets of time schedule for performing
system reboot. All the schedules can be set previously in Applications >> Schedule web page
and you can use the number that you have set in that web page.
If you want to reboot the router using the current configuration, check Using current
configuration and click Reboot Now. To reset the router settings to default values, check
Using factory default configuration and click Reboot Now. The router will take 5 seconds
to reboot the system.
Note: When the system pops up Reboot System web page after you configure web settings,
please click Reboot Now to reboot your router for ensuring normal operation and
preventing unexpected errors of the router in the future.
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3.14.12 Firmware Upgrade
Before upgrading your router firmware, you need to install the Router Tools. The Firmware
Upgrade Utility is included in the tools. The following web page will guide you to upgrade
firmware by using an example. Note that this example is running over Windows OS
(Operating System).
Download the newest firmware from DrayTek's web site at www.draytek.co.uk (for users in
the UK/Ireland). Be sure to download and use only the correct firmware for your model.
The original Vigor 2760 can use firmware 1.x.x only. Later ‘Delight’ series Vigor 2760
can use firmware 3.7.5 or later only.
Click System Maintenance>> Firmware Upgrade to launch the Firmware Upgrade Utility.
Click OK. The following screen will appear. Please execute the firmware upgrade utility first.
For the detailed information about firmware update, please go to Chapter 5.
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3.14.13 DSL Firmware Upgrade
This function is used to upgrade modem code if you find built-in modem code is not suitable
for your location/line. Contact with your dealer for further assistance if required.
3.14.14 Activation
There are three ways to activate WCF on vigor router, using Service Activation Wizard, by
means of CSM>>Web Content Filter Profile or via System Maintenance>>Activation.
After you have finished the setting profiles for WCF (refer to Web Content Filter Profile), it
is the time to activate the mechanism for your computer.
Click System Maintenance>>Activation to open the following page for accessing
http://myvigor.draytek.com.
Available settings are explained as follows:
Item
Description
Activate via Interface
Choose WAN interface used by such device for activating
Web Content Filter.
Activate
The Activate link brings you accessing into
myvigor.draytek.com to finish the activation of the account
and the router.
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Authentication Message
As for authentication information of web filter, the process
of authenticating will be displayed on this field for your
reference.
Below shows the successful activation of Web Content Filter:
3.15 Diagnostics
Diagnostic Tools provide a useful way to view or diagnose the status of your Vigor router.
Below shows the menu items for Diagnostics.
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3.15.1 Dial-out Triggering
Click Diagnostics and click Dial-out Triggering to open the web page. The internet
connection (e.g., PPPoE) is triggered by a package sending from the source IP address.
Available settings are explained as follows:
Item
Description
Decoded Format
It shows the source IP address (local), destination IP
(remote) address, the protocol and length of the package.
Refresh
Click it to reload the page.
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3.15.2 Routing Table
Click Diagnostics and click Routing Table to open the web page.
Available settings are explained as follows:
Item
Description
Refresh
Click it to reload the page.
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3.15.3 ARP Cache Table
Click Diagnostics and click ARP Cache Table to view the content of the ARP (Address
Resolution Protocol) cache held in the router. The table shows a mapping between an Ethernet
hardware address (MAC Address) and an IP address.
Available settings are explained as follows:
Item
Description
Refresh
Click it to reload the page.
3.15.4 IPv6 Neighbour Table
The table shows a mapping between an Ethernet hardware address (MAC Address) and an
IPv6 address. This information is helpful in diagnosing network problems, such as IP address
conflicts, etc.
Click Diagnostics and click IPv6 Neighbour Table to open the web page.
Available settings are explained as follows:
Item
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Refresh
Click it to reload the page.
3.15.5 DHCP Table
The facility provides information on IP address assignments. This information is helpful in
diagnosing network problems, such as IP address conflicts, etc.
Click Diagnostics and click DHCP Table to open the web page.
Available settings are explained as follows:
Item
Description
Index
It displays the connection item number.
IP Address
It displays the IP address assigned by this router for
specified PC.
MAC Address
It displays the MAC address for the specified PC that
DHCP assigned IP address for it.
Leased Time
It displays the leased time of the specified PC.
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HOST ID
It displays the host ID name of the specified PC.
Refresh
Click it to reload the page.
3.15.6 NAT Sessions Table
Click Diagnostics and click NAT Sessions Table to open the list page.
Available settings are explained as follows:
Item
Description
Private IP:Port
It indicates the source IP address and port of local PC.
#Pseudo Port
It indicates the temporary port of the router used for NAT.
Peer IP:Port
It indicates the destination IP address and port of remote
host.
Interface
It displays the representing number for different interface.
Refresh
Click it to reload the page.
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3.15.7 Ping Diagnosis
Click Diagnostics and click Ping Diagnosis to pen the web page.
Available settings are explained as follows:
Item
Description
IPV4 /IPV6
Choose the interface for such function.
Ping through
Use the drop down list to choose the WAN interface that
you want to ping through or choose Unspecified to be
determined by the router automatically.
Ping to
Use the drop down list to choose the destination that you
want to ping.
IP Address
Type the IP address of the Host/IP that you want to ping.
Ping IPv6 Address
Type the IPv6 address that you want to ping.
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Run
Click this button to start the ping work. The result will be
displayed on the screen.
Clear
Click this link to remove the result on the window.
3.15.8 Data Flow Monitor
This page displays the running procedure for the IP address monitored and refreshes the data
in an interval of several seconds. The IP address listed here is configured in Bandwidth
Management. You have to enable IP bandwidth limit and IP session limit before invoke Data
Flow Monitor. If not, a notification dialog box will appear to remind you enabling it.
Click Diagnostics and click Data Flow Monitor to open the web page. You can click IP
Address, TX rate, RX rate or Session link for arranging the data display.
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Available settings are explained as follows:
Item
Description
Enable Data Flow
Monitor
Check this box to enable this function.
Refresh Seconds
Use the drop down list to choose the time interval of
refreshing data flow that will be done by the system
automatically.
Refresh
Click this link to refresh this page manually.
Index
Display the number of the data flow.
IP Address
Display the IP address of the monitored device.
TX rate (kbps)
Display the transmission speed of the monitored device.
RX rate (kbps)
Display the receiving speed of the monitored device.
Sessions
Display the session number that you specified in Limit
Session web page.
Action
Block - can prevent specified PC accessing into Internet
within 5 minutes.
Unblock – the device with the IP address will be blocked in
five minutes. The remaining time will be shown on the
session column.
Current /Peak/Speed
Current means current transmission rate and receiving rate
for WAN interface.
Peak means the highest peak value detected by the router in
data transmission.
Speed means line speed specified in WAN>>General
Setup. If you do not specify any rate at that page, here will
display Auto for instead.
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3.15.9 Traffic Graph
Click Diagnostics and click Traffic Graph to pen the web page. Choose
WAN1/WAN2/WAN3 Bandwidth, Sessions, daily or weekly for viewing different traffic
graph. Click Reset to zero the accumulated RX/TX (received and transmitted) data of WAN.
Click Refresh to renew the graph at any time.
The horizontal axis represents time. Yet the vertical axis has different meanings. For
WAN1/WAN2/WAN3 Bandwidth chart, the numbers displayed on vertical axis represent the
numbers of the transmitted and received packets in the past.
For Sessions chart, the numbers displayed on vertical axis represent the numbers of the NAT
sessions during the past.
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3.15.10 Trace Route
Click Diagnostics and click Trace Route to open the web page. This page allows you to trace
the routes from router to the host. Simply type the IP address of the host in the box and click
Run. The result of route trace will be shown on the screen.
or
Available settings are explained as follows:
Item
Description
IPv4 / IPv6
Click one of them to display corresponding information for
it.
Trace through
Use the drop down list to choose the interface that you want
to ping through.
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Protocol
Use the drop down list to choose the protocol that you want
to ping through.
Host/IP Address
It indicates the IP address of the host.
Trace Host/IP Address
It indicates the IPv6 address of the host.
Run
Click this button to start route tracing work.
Clear
Click this link to remove the result on the window.
3.15.11 Syslog Explorer
Such page provides real-time syslog and displays the information on the screen.
For Web Syslog
This page displays the time and message for User/Firewall/call/WAN/VPN settings. You can
check Enable Web Syslog, specify the type of Syslog and choose the display mode you want.
Later, the event of Syslog with specified type will be shown for your reference.
Available settings are explained as follows:
Item
Description
Enable Web Syslog
Check this box to enable the function of Web Syslog.
Syslog Type
Use the drop down list to specify a type of Syslog to be
displayed.
Export
Click this link to save the data as a file.
Refresh
Click this link to refresh this page manually.
Clear
Click this link to clear information on this page.
Display Mode
There are two modes for you to choose.
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Stop record when fulls – when the capacity of syslog is
full, the system will stop recording.
Always record the new event – only the newest events
will be recorded by the system.
Time
Display the time of the event occurred.
Message
Display the information for each event.
For USB Syslog
This page displays the syslog recorded on the USB storage disk.
Available settings are explained as follows:
Item
Description
Time
Display the time of the event occurred.
Log Type
Display the type of the record.
Message
Display the information for each event.
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3.15.12 IPv6 TSPC Status
IPv6 TSPC status web page could help you to diagnose the connection status of TSPC.
If TSPC has configured properly, the router will display the following page when the user
connects to tunnel broker successfully.
Available settings are explained as follows:
Item
Description
Refresh
Click this link to refresh this page manually.
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Tutorials and Applications
4.1 How to configure settings for IPv6 Service in Vigor2760
Due to the shortage of IPv4 address, more and more countries use IPv6 to solve the problem.
However, to continually use the original rich resources of IPv4, both IPv6 and IPv4 networks
shall communicate for each other via intercommunication mechanism to complete the shifting
job from IPv4 to IPv6 gradually. At present, there are three common types of
intercommunication mechanisms:

Dual Stack
The user can use both IPv4 and IPv6 techniques at the same time. That means adding an
IPv6 stack on the origin network layer to let the host own the communication capability
of IPv4 and IPv6.

Tunnel
Both IPv6 hosts can communication for each other via existing IPv4 network
environment. The IPv6 packets will be encapsulated with the header of IPv4 first. Later,
the packets will be transformed and judged by IPv4 router. Once the packets arrive the
border between IPv4 and IPv6, the header of IPv4 on the packets will be removed. Then,
the packets with IPv6 address will be forwarded to the destination of IPv6 network.

Translation
Such feature is active only for the user who uses IPv4 to communicate with other user
using IPv4 service.
Before configuring the settings on Vigor2760, you need to know which connection type that
your IPv6 service used.
Note: For the IPv6 service, you have to configure WAN/LAN settings before using the
service.
I. Configuring the WAN Settings
For the IPv6 WAN settings for Vigor2760, there are five connection types to be chosen: PPP,
TSPC, AICCU, DHCPv6 Client, Static IPv6, 6in4 Static Tunnel and 6rd.
1.
Access into the web user interface of Viogr2760. Open WAN>> Internet Access.
Choose one of the WAN interfaces as the one supporting IPv6 service. Then, click the
IPv6 button of the selected WAN.
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Note: Only one WAN interface support IPv6 service at one time. In this example,
WAN2 is chosen as the one supporting IPv6 service.
2.
In the following figure, use the drop down list to choose a proper connection type.
Different connection types will bring out different configuration page. Refer to the
following:

PPP – Dual Stack application, IPv4 and IPv6 services can be utilized at the same
time
Choose PPP and type the information for PPPoE of IPv4.
Access into the setting page for IPv6 service, it is not necessary for you to configure
anything.
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Click OK and open Online Status (all screens will vary depending on model). If the
connection is successful, you will get the IP address for IPv4 and IPv6 at the same time.
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
TSPC – Tunnel application, both IPv6 hosts communicate through IPv4 network
Choose TSPC and type the information for TSPC service.
Note: While using such mode, you have to make sure the IPv4 network connection is
normal.
(In the following figure, the TSPC information is obtained from http://gogo6.com/ after
applied for the service.)
Click OK and open Online Status. If the connection is successful, the physical
connection will be shows as follows:
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
AICCU – Tunnel application
Choose AICCU and type the information for AICCU of IPv6.
Note: While using such mode, you have to make sure the IPv4 network connection is
normal.
(In the following figure, the AICCU information is obtained from
https://www.sixxs.net/main/ after applied for the service.)
Click OK and open Online Status. If the connection is successful, the physical
connection will be shows as follows:
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
DHCPv6 Client
Choose DHCPv6 Client. Click one of the identity associations and type the IAID
number.
Click OK and open Online Status. If the connection is successful, the physical
connection will be shows as follows:
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
Static IPv6
Choose Static IPv6. Type IPv6 address, Prefix Length and Gateway Address.
Click OK and open Online Status. If the connection is successful, the physical
connection will be shows as follows:
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
6in4 Static Tunnel
Choose 6in4 Static Tunnel. Type remote endpoint IPv4 address, 6in4 IPv6 Address,
LAN Routed Prefix and Tunnel TTL.
Click OK and open Online Status. If the connection is successful, the physical
connection will be shows as follows:
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
6rd
Choose 6rd. Type IPv4 Border Relay, IPv4 Mask Length, 6rd Prefix and 6rd Prefix
Length.
Click OK and open Online Status. If the connection is successful, the physical
connection will be shows as follows:
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II. Configuring the LAN Settings
After finished the WAN settings for IPv6, please configure the LAN settings to make the
router’s client getting the IPv6 address.
1.
Access into the web user interface of Viogr2760. Open LAN>> General Setup. Click
the IPv6 button. Then, click LAN1 IPv6 Setup tab.
Note: Only the subnet of LAN 1 supports IPv6 feature.
2.
In the field of Router Advertisement Server, the default setting is Enable. The client’s
PC will ask router advertisement service for the Prefix of IPv6 address automatically,
and generate an Interface ID by itself to compose a full and unique IPv6 address.
3.
In the field of HCPv6 Server Configuration, when DHCPv6 service is enabled, you can
assign available IPv6 address for the client manually.
Note: When both mechanisms are enabled, the client can determine which mechanism
to be used (e.g., the default mechanism for Windows7 is Router Advertisement
Server ).
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III. Confirming IPv6 Service Run Successfully
1.
Make sure you have get the correct IPv6 IP address. Get into MS-DOS interface and type
the command of “ipconfig”. Refer to the following figure.
From the above figure we can see IPv6 IP address has been captured by the system.
2.
Use the Ping command to ping any IPv6 address indicating an IPv6 website. For
example, www.kame.net is a website supporting IPv4 IP and IPv6 IP services. Its IPv6
address is seen with a format of 2001:200:dff:fff1:216:3eff:feb1:44d7.
After getting the above message, it means the IPv6 service has been activated
successfully.
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3.
Connect to the website for IPv6. Open a web browser and type an URL of IPv6, e.g.,
www.kame.net. If your computer accesses into the website by using IPv6 address, you
may see a turtle dancing on the screen. If not, only a steady turtle will be seen.
If you can see a turtle dancing on the screen, that means IPv6 service is ready for you to
access and utilize.
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4.2 How can I get the files from USB storage device connecting
to Vigor router?
Files on USB storage device can be reviewed by opening USB Applicaiton>>File Explorer.
If it is necessary for you to delete, copy files on the device or write, paste files to the devcie, it
must be done through FTP server.
You will need to setup USB FTP first. We would like to give brief instructions on USB FTP
setup here.
1.
Plug the USB device to the USB port on the router. Make sure Disk Connected appears
on the Connection Status as the figure shown below:
2.
Setup a user account for the FTP service by using USB Application >>USB User
Management. Click Enable to enable FTP account. Here we add a new account "user1"
and assign authorities “Read”, “Write” and “List” to it.
3.
Click OK to save the configuration.
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4.
Make sure the FTP service is running properly. Please open a browser and type
ftp://192.168.1.1. Use the account "user1" to login.
5.
When the following screen appears, it means the FTP service is running properly.
6.
Return to USB Application >> USB Disk Status. The information for FTP server will
be shown as below.
Now, users in LAN of Vigor2710 can access into the USB storage device by typing
ftp://192.168.1.1 on any browser. They can add or remove files / directories, depending on the
Access Rule for FTP account settings in USB Application >>USB User Management.
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4.3 How to Build a LAN-to-LAN VPN Between Remote Office and
Headquarter via IPsec Tunnel (Main Mode)
Configuration of Vigor Router (e.g. Vigor 2860) at Head Office
1.
Log into the web user interface of Vigor router.
2.
Open VPN and Remote Access>>LAN to LAN to create a LAN-to-LAN profile. The
following settings are for a permanent VPN connection.
3.
Click any index number to open the configuration page. Type a name which is easy for
identification for such profile (in this case, type VPN Server), and check the box of
Enable This Profile. For Vigor router will be set as a server, the call direction shall be
set as Dial-in and set 0 as Idle Timeout.
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4.
Now navigate to the next section, Dial-In Settings to check PPTP, IPsec Tunnel and
L2TP boxes. Check the box of Specify Remote… and type the Peer VPN Server IP
(e.g., 218.242.130.19 in this case). Press the IKE Pre-Shared Key button to set the PSK;
and select Medium (AH) or High (ESP) as the security method.
5.
Continue to navigate to the TCP/IP Network Settings for setting the LAN IP for remote
side.
6.
Click OK to save the settings.
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7.
Open VPN and Remote Access>>Connection Management to check the dial-in
connection status (from branch office).
Configuration on Vigor Router (e.g. Vigor 2760) for Branch Office
1.
Log into the web user interface of Vigor router.
2.
Open VPN and Remote Access>>LAN to LAN to create a LAN-to-LAN profile. The
following settings are for a permanent VPN connection.
3.
Click any index number to open the configuration page. Type a name which is easy for
identification for such profile (in this case, type VPN Client), and check the box of
Enable This Profile. Check the box of Always on for a permanent VPN connection.
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4.
Now navigate to the next section, Dial-Out Settings to select the IPsec Tunnel service
and type the remote server IP/host name (e.g., 218.242.133.91, in this case). Press the
IKE Pre-Shared Key button to set the PSK; and select Medium (AH) or High (ESP)
as the security method.
5.
Continue to navigate to the TCP/IP Network Settings for setting the LAN IP for the
remote side.
6.
Click OK to save the settings.
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7.
Open VPN and Remote Access>>Connection Management to check the dial-in
connection status (from head office).
4.4 How to Optimize the Bandwidth through QoS Technology
Have you ever gotten any problems in uploading/downloading files (Voice, video or
email/data only) with the narrow/districted bandwidth you may share from the common
Internet connection line? The advanced bandwidth management technology-QoS (Quality of
Service) helps you to well allocate the bandwidth upon your demand of Voice, Video, or Data
transferring. Let's see how to get the optimum bandwidth per your request by using DrayTek
Vigor router as below.
Scenario: The Internet connection you got from ISP line is 2MB/512Kb. There are VoIP
telephony network, IPTV set top box and data server at your home. Assume you want to
allocate 30% of the bandwidth you got to VoIP demand, 50% for IPTV, 15% for mail/data,
5% for others. Let's see how easily it is to do the setting as below:
1.
Open Bandwidth Management>> Quality of Service.
2.
You will get the following page. Click the Edit link for Class 1.
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3.
In the following page, type a name (e.g., VoIP) for such class and click Add.
4.
Check the box of ACT. Click Edit to specify the local address.
5.
In the pop-up window, choose Range Address as the Address Type and type the start IP
address and end IP address in relational fields. Click OK to save the settings and exit the
window.
6.
Click OK again to save the settings.
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7.
The class rule for VoIP has been set. Click OK to return to previous page.
8.
Do the same steps to add class rules for IPTV and Data/Email with IP addresses as
shown below.
and
9.
Assuming you get 2MB/512Kb Internet line. You can click the Setup link of WAN1 to
set up the bandwidth for different groups among VoIP, IPTV and Data/Email.
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10. In the Setup page, check the box of Enable the QoS Control. Type 30, 50 and 15 in the
boxes for VoIP, IPTV and Data/Email respectively. Check the box of Enable UDP
Bandwidth Control.
11. Click OK to save the settings. The class rules for WAN1 are defined as shown below.
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4.5 QoS Setting Example
Assume a teleworker sometimes works at home and takes care of children. When working
time, he would use Vigor router at home to connect to the server in the headquarter office
downtown via either HTTPS or V PN to check email and access internal database. Meanwhile,
children may chat on Skype in the restroom.
1.
Go to Bandwidth Management>>Quality of Service.
2.
Click Setup link of WAN(1/2/3). Make sure the QoS Control on the left corner is
checked. And select BOTH in Direction.
3.
Set Inbound/Outbound bandwidth.
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Note: The rate of outbound/inbound must be smaller than the real bandwidth to
ensure correct calculation of QoS. It is suggested to set the bandwidth value for
inbound/outbound as 80% - 85% of physical network speed provided by ISP to
maximize the QoS performance.
4.
Return to previous page. Enter the Name of Index Class 1 by clicking Edit link. Type the
name “E-mail” for Class 1. Click OK to save the settings.
5.
Click the Setup link for WAN2. The user can set reserved bandwidth (e.g., 25%) for
E-mail using protocol POP3 and SMTP. Click OK to save the settings.
6.
Return to previous page. Enter the Name of Index Class 2 by clicking Edit link. In this
index, the user will set reserved bandwidth for HTTPS. And click OK.
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7.
Click Setup link for WAN2.
8.
Check Enable UDP Bandwidth Control on the bottom to prevent enormous UDP traffic
influent other application. Click OK.
9.
If the worker has connected to the headquarter using host to host VPN tunnel. (Please
refer to Chapter 3 VPN for detail instruction), he may set up an index for it. Enter the
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Class Name of Index 3. In this index, he will set reserved bandwidth for 1 VPN tunnel.
10. Click Edit for Class 3 to open a new window. In this index, the user will set reserved
bandwidth for VPN.
11. Click Add to open the following window. Check the ACT box, first.
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12. Then click Edit of Local Address to set a worker’s subnet address. Click Edit of
Remote Address to set headquarter’s IP address. Leave other fields and click OK.
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4.6 How to Send a Notification to Specified Phone Number via
SMS Service in WAN Disconnection
Follow the steps listed below:
1.
Log into the web user interface of Vigor router.
2.
Configure relational objects first. Open Object Settings>>SMS/Mail Server Object to
get the following page.
Index 1 to Index 8 allows you to choose the built-in SMS service provider. If the SMS
service provider is not on the list, you can configure Index 9 and Index 10 to add the new
service provider to Vigor router.
3.
Choose any index number (e.g., Index 1 in this case) to configure the SMS Provider
setting. In the following page, type the username and password and set the quota that the
router can send the message out.
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4.
After finished the settings, click OK to return to previous page. Now you have finished
the configuration of the SMS Provider profile setting.
5.
Open Object Settings>>Notification Object to configure the event conditions of the
notification.
6.
Choose any index number (e.g., Index 1 in this case) to configure conditions for sending
the SMS. In the following page, type the name of the profile and check the Disconnected
and Reconnected boxes for WAN to work in concert with the topic of this paper.
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7.
After finished the settings, click OK to return to previous page. You have finished the
configuration of the notification object profile setting.
8.
Now, open Application >> SMS / Mail Alert Service. Use the drop down list to choose
SMS Provider and the Notify Profile (specify the time of sending SMS). Then, type the
phone number in the field of Recipient (the one who will receive the SMS).
9.
Click OK to save the settings. Later, if one of the WAN connections fails in your router,
the system will send out SMS to the phone number specified. If the router has only one
WAN interface, the system will send out SMS to the phone number while reconnecting
the WAN interface successfully.
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Remark: How the customize the SMS Provider
Choose one of the Index numbers (9 or 10) allowing you to customize the SMS Provider. In
the web page, type the URL string of the SMS provider and type the username and password.
After clicking OK, the new added SMS provider will be added and will be available for you to
specify for sending SMS out.
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4.7 How to Create an Account for MyVigor
The website of MyVigor (a server located on http://myvigor.draytek.com) provides several
useful services (such as Anti-Spam, Web Content Filter, Anti-Intrusion, and etc.) to filtering
the web pages for the sake of protecting your system.
To access into MyVigor for getting more information, please create an account for MyVigor.
4.7.1 Create an Account via Vigor Router
1. Click CSM>> Web Content Filter Profile. The following page will appear.
Or
Click System Maintenance>>Activation to open the following page.
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2. Click the Activate link. A login page for MyVigor web site will pop up automatically.
3. Click the link of Create an account now.
4. Check to confirm that you accept the Agreement and click Accept.
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5. Type your personal information in this page and then click Continue.
6. Choose proper selection for your computer and click Continue.
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7. Now you have created an account successfully. Click START.
8. Check to see the confirmation email with the title of New Account Confirmation
Letter from myvigor.draytek.com.
9. Click the Activate my Account link to enable the account that you created. The following
screen will be shown to verify the register process is finished. Please click Login.
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10. When you see the following page, please type in the account and password (that you just
created) in the fields of UserName and Password.
11. Now, click Login. Your account has been activated. You can access into MyVigor server
to activate the service (e.g., WCF) that you want.
4.7.2 Create an Account via MyVigor Web Site
1. Access into http://myvigor.draytek.com. Find the line of Not registered yet?. Then, click
the link Click here! to access into next page.
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2. Check to confirm that you accept the Agreement and click Accept.
3. Type your personal information in this page and then click Continue.
4. Choose proper selection for your computer and click Continue.
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5. Now you have created an account successfully. Click START.
6. Check to see the confirmation email with the title of New Account Confirmation
Letter from myvigor.draytek.com.
7. Click the Activate my Account link to enable the account that you created. The following
screen will be shown to verify the register process is finished. Please click Login.
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8. When you see the following page, please type in the account and password (that you just
created) in the fields of UserName and Password. Then type the code in the box of Auth
Code according to the value displayed on the right side of it.
Now, click Login. Your account has been activated. You can access into MyVigor server to
activate the service (e.g., WCF) that you want.
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4.8 How to Configure Certain Computers Accessing to Internet
We can specify certain computers (e.g., 192.168.1.10 ~ 192.168.1.20) accessing to Internet
through Vigor router. Others (e.g., 192.168.1.31 and 192.168.1.32) outside the range can get
the source from LAN only.
The way we can use is to set two rules under Firewall. For Rule 1 of Set 2 under
Firewall>>Filter Setup is used as the default setting, we has to create a new rule starting
from Filter Rule 2 of Set 2.
1.
Access into the web user interface of Vigor router.
2.
Open Firewall>>Filter Setup. Click the Set 2 link and choose the Filter Rule 2 button.
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3.
Check the box of Check to enable the Filter Rule. Type the comments (e.g., block_all).
Choose Block If No Further Match for the Filter setting. Then, click OK.
Note: In default, the router will check the packets starting with Set 2, Filter Rule 2 to
Filter Rule 7. If Block If No Further Match for is selected for Filter, the firewall of
the router would check the packets with the rules starting from Rule 3 to Rule 7. The
packets not matching with the rules will be processed according to Rule 2.
4.
Next, set another rule. Just open Firewall>>Filter Setup. Click the Set 2 link and
choose the Filter Rule 3 button.
5.
Check the box of Check to enable the Filter Rule. Type the comments (e.g., open_ip).
Click the Edit button for Source IP.
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6.
A dialog box will be popped up. Choose Range Address as Address Type by using the
drop down list. Type 192.168.1.10 in the field of Start IP, and type 192.168.1.20 in the
field of End IP. Then, click OK to save the settings. The computers within the range can
access into the Internet.
7.
Now, check the content of Source IP is correct or not. The action for Filter shall be set
with Pass Immediately. Then, click OK to save the settings.
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8.
Both filter rules have been created. Click OK.
9.
Now, all the settings are configured well. Only the computers with the IP addresses
within 192.168.1.10 ~ 192.168.1.20 can access to Internet.
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4.9 How to Block Facebook Service Accessed by the Users via
Web Content Filter / URL Content Filter
There are two ways to block the facebook service, Web Content Filter and URL Content
Filter.
Web Content Filter,
Benefits: Easily and quickly implement the category/website that you want to block.
Note: License is required.
URL Content Filter,
Benefits: Free, flexible for customize webpage.
Note: Manual setting (e.g., one keyword for one website.)
I. Via Web Content Filter
1.
Make sure the Web Content Filter (powered by Commtouch) license is valid.
How to register/activate Web Content Filter (WCF) license? Please visit for getting more
information:
*How to Register AI/AV/AS/WCF Service (Service Activation Wizard)
(http://www.draytek.com/user/SupportFAQDetail.php?ID=1955)
*How to Activate Anti-Virus/Anti-Intrusion/Anti-Spam Service
(http://www.draytek.com/user/SupportFAQDetail.php?ID=286 )
How to use the Web Content Filter (WCF)
(http://www.draytek.com/user/SupportFAQDetail.php?ID=1953)
* What the Web Content Filter (WCF) license benefits are,
(http://www.draytek.com/user/PdInfoDetail.php?Id=110)
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2.
Open CSM >> Web Content Filter Profile to create a WCF profile. Check Social
Networking with Action, Block.
3.
Enable this profile in Firewall>>General Setup>>Default Rule.
4.
Next time when someone accesses facebook via this router, the web page would be
blocked and the following message would be displayed instead.
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II. Via URL Content Filter
A. Block the web page containing the word of “Facebook”
1.
Open Object Settings>>Keyword Object. Click an index number to open the setting
page.
2.
In the field of Contents, please type facebook. Configure the settings as the following
figure.
3.
Open CSM>>URL Content Filter Profile. Click an index number to open the setting
page.
4.
Configure the settings as the following figure.
5.
When you finished the above steps, click OK. Then, open Firewall>>General Setup.
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6.
Click the Default Rule tab. Choose the profile just configured from the drop down list in
the field of URL Content Filter. Now, users cannot open any web page with the word
“facebook” inside.
B. Disallow users to play games on Facebook
1.
Open Object Settings>>Keyword Object. Click an index number to open the setting
page.
2.
In the field of Contents, please type apps.facebook. Configure the settings as the
following figure.
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3.
Open CSM>>URL Content Filter Profile. Click an index number to open the setting
page.
4.
Configure the settings as the following figure.
5.
When you finished the above steps, please open Firewall>>General Setup.
6.
Click the Default Rule tab. Choose the profile just configured from the drop down list in
the field of URL Content Filter. Now, users cannot open any web page with the word
“facebook” inside.
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This page is left blank.
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Trouble Shooting
This section will guide you to solve abnormal situations if you cannot access into the Internet
after installing the router and finishing the web configuration. Please follow sections below to
check your basic installation status stage by stage.

Checking if the hardware status is OK or not.

Checking if the network connection settings on your computer are OK or not.

Pinging the router from your computer.

Checking if the ISP settings are OK or not.

Backing to factory default setting if necessary.
If all above stages are done and the router still cannot run normally, it is the time for you to
contact your dealer for advanced help.
5.1 Check if the Hardware Status Is OK
Follow the steps below to verify the hardware status.
1.
Check the power line and WLAN/LAN cable connections.
Refer to “1.3 Hardware Installation” for details.
2.
Turn on the router. Make sure the ACT LED blink once per second and the
correspondent LAN LED is bright.
3.
If not, it means that there is something wrong with the hardware status. Simply back to
“1.3 Hardware Installation” to execute the hardware installation again. And then, try
again.
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5.2 Check If the Network Connection Settings on Your
Computer are OK
Sometimes the link failure occurs due to the wrong network connection settings. After trying
the above section, if the link is stilled failed, please do the steps listed below to make sure the
network connection settings is OK.
For Windows

The example is based on Windows 7 (Professional Edition). As to the
examples for other operation systems, please refer to the similar steps or find
support notes in www.DrayTek.com.
1.
Open All Programs>>Getting Started>>Control Panel. Click Network and Sharing
Center.
2.
In the following window, click Change adapter settings.
3.
Icons of network connection will be shown on the window. Right-click on Local Area
Connection and click on Properties.
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4.
Select Internet Protocol Version 4 (TCP/IP) and then click Properties.
5.
Select Obtain an IP address automatically and Obtain DNS server address
automatically. Finally, click OK.
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For Mac OS
1.
Double click on the current used Mac OS on the desktop.
2.
Open the Application folder and get into Network.
3.
On the Network screen, select Using DHCP from the drop down list of Configure IPv4.
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5.3 Pinging the Router from Your Computer
The default gateway IP address of the router is 192.168.1.1. For some reason, you might need
to use “ping” command to check the link status of the router. The most important thing is
that the computer will receive a reply from 192.168.1.1. If not, please check the IP address
of your computer. We suggest you setting the network connection as get IP automatically.
(Please refer to the section 5.2)
Please follow the steps below to ping the router correctly.
For Windows
1.
Open the Command Prompt window (from Start menu> Run).
2.
Type command (for Windows 95/98/ME) or cmd (for Windows NT/ 2000/XP/Vista).
The DOS command dialog will appear.
3.
Type ping 192.168.1.1 and press [Enter]. If the link is OK, the line of “Reply from
192.168.1.1:bytes=32 time<1ms TTL=255” will appear.
4.
If the line does not appear, please check the IP address setting of your computer.
For Mac OS (Terminal)
1.
Double click on the current used MacOs on the desktop.
2.
Open the Application folder and get into Utilities.
3.
Double click Terminal. The Terminal window will appear.
4.
Type ping 192.168.1.1 and press [Enter]. If the link is OK, the line of “64 bytes from
192.168.1.1: icmp_seq=0 ttl=255 time=xxxx ms” will appear.
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5.4 Checking if the ISP Settings are OK
Open WAN >> Internet Access page and then check whether the ISP settings are set
correctly. Click Details Page of WAN1-WAN3 to review the settings that you configured
previously.
5.5 Problems with 3G/4G Network Connection
When you have trouble in using 3G network transmission, ensure you are using a supported
modem (check for latest support list) and then please check the following:
Check if USB LED lights on or off
You have to wait about 15 seconds after inserting 3G USB Modem into your Vigor2760. Later,
the USB LED will light on which means the installation of USB Modem is successful. If the
USB LED does not light on, please remove and reinsert the modem again. If it still fails,
restart Vigor2760.
USB LED lights on but the network connection does not work
Check the PIN Code of SIM card is disabled or not. Please use the utility of 3G USB Modem
to disable PIN code and try again. If it still fails, it might be the compliance problem of system.
Please open DrayTek Syslog Tool to capture the connection information (WAN Log) and send
the page (similar to the following graphic) to the service center of DrayTek.
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Transmission Rate is not fast enough
Please connect your Notebook with 3G USB Modem to test the connection speed to verify if
the problem is caused by Vigor2760. In addition, please refer to the manual of 3G USB
Modem for LED Status to make sure if the modem connects to Internet via HSDPA mode. If
you want to use the modem indoors, please put it on the place near the window to obtain better
signal receiving.
5.6 Backing to Factory Default Setting If Necessary
Sometimes, a wrong connection can be improved by returning to the default settings. Try to
reset the router by software or hardware. Such function is available in Admin Mode only.
Warning: After pressing factory default setting, you will loose all settings you did
before. Make sure you have recorded all useful settings before you pressing. The
password of factory default is null.
Software Reset
You can reset the router to factory default via Web page. Such function is available in Admin
Mode only.
Go to System Maintenance and choose Reboot System on the web page. The following
screen will appear. Choose Using factory default configuration and click Reboot Now.
After few seconds, the router will return all the settings to the factory settings.
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Hardware Reset
While the router is running (ACT LED blinking), press the Factory Reset button and hold for
more than 5 seconds. When you see the ACT LED blinks rapidly, please release the button.
Then, the router will restart with the default configuration.
After restore the factory default setting, you can configure the settings for the router again to
fit your personal request.
5.7 Getting further help
If the router still does not appear to be operating correctly or you cannot get online to the
Internet, please visit our web sites for further troubleshooting advice or to contact our support
technicians. Users in the UK/Ireland using qualifying products should visit
http://www.draytek.co.uk/support where you will find help guides, the knowledgebase and be
able to contact support technicians for direct help.
If you are outside the UK or Ireland, please contact support@draytek.com or visit the
international support site at www.draytek.com/support .
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5.8 Keep up to date
Now that your have your DrayTek product, you may want to keep up to date with product
updates (firmware) and other product news, advice or offers for users. Users in the
UK/Ireland can subscribe to our mailing list. For details please see
www.draytek.co.uk/mailing-list. In other countries, please contact your local
distributor/supplier for local options.
5.9 Firmware Updates
Firmware updates for your product ensure that you have the latest set of features, security
updates and improvements for your product. Users in the UK/Ireland can download these from
www.draytek.co.uk/support
Please note that if your Vigor 2760 product has firmware version 1.x.x or earlier then it can
only update to later 1.x.x firmware. If your Vigor 2760 has firmware version 3.7.5 or later
(‘Delight/DrayOS’ hardware) then you can upgrade to any compatible later firmware. You
cannot use Delight/DrayOS firmware on original (classic) Vigor 2760 models or vice-versa.
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