Radio Shack | TRC-442 | Owner`s manual | Radio Shack TRC-442 Owner`s manual

Radio Shack TRC-442 Owner`s manual
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Cat. No. 21-1586
OWNER’S MANUAL
Please read before using this equipment.
TRC-442
Full-Power 40-Channel
Mobile CB Radio
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FEATURES
Your RadioShack TRC-442 FullPower 40-Channel Mobile CB Radio is
a high performing, water resistant CB
which can be used almost anywhere.
The CB is perfect for recreational,
business, or emergency use. You can
call for help, or call other people with
CBs at home, in their vehicles, or at
camp sites. You can also connect it to
optional equipment, such as an optional power supply or a base station antenna.
Your CB also has these advanced features:
Phase-Locked Loop (PLL) Frequency Synthesizer — provides highly accurate and stable tuning.
Two Ceramic Filters — provide superior channel selectivity and prevent
adjacent-channel interference.
Automatic Modulation Control —
prevents the transmitter signal from
over-modulating and distorting.
Large, Illuminated, Digital Display
— clearly shows the channel number.
Base Station Capability — lets you
use the transceiver as a base station
powered from a standard AC outlet
(with an optional power supply and
base station antenna).
Universal Mounting Bracket — lets
you securely mount the CB in your vehicle or on a table or shelf in your
home.
Notes:
• To use this CB, you need a mobile
or base station antenna.
• The CB radio is water resistant,
not waterproof. Do not submerge
it or put it where water will continually run over it.
We recommend you record your CB’s
serial number here. The number is on
the CB’s back panel.
Serial Number _________________
Automatic Noise Limiter — reduces
impulse-type noises while receiving.
Adjustable Squelch — reduces noise
between transmissions.
Rotary Tuning Control — for convenient channel selection.
© 1997, 1998 Tandy Corporation.
All Rights Reserved.
RadioShack is a registered trademark used by Tandy Corporation.
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FCC INFORMATION
The Federal Communications Commission (FCC) does not require you to
have a license to operate this CB radio. However, you must know Part 95
of FCC Rules. It explains the proper
operation of a Class D citizen’s band
transceiver. We have provided a copy
of these regulations with your CB radio.
Warning: Do not open your CB to
make any internal adjustments. Any
internal adjustments can be made
only by an authorized service technician.
Internal adjustments and/or modifications can lead to illegal operation as
defined by Part 95 of FCC Rules .
Such illegal operation can lead to very
serious consequences.
To be safe and sure:
• Never open your CB radio’s case.
Your CB radio might cause TV or radio interference even when it is operating properly. To determine whether
your CB radio is causing the interference, turn off your CB. If the interference goes away, your CB radio is
causing it. Try to eliminate the interference by:
• Moving your CB radio away from
the receiver
• Contacting
your
local
dioShack store for help
Ra-
If you cannot eliminate the interference, the FCC requires that you stop
using your CB radio.
This device complies with Part 15 of
FCC Rules. Operation is subject to the
following two conditions: (1) this device may not cause harmful interference, and (2) this device must accept
any interference received, including
interference that may cause undesired
operation.
• Never change or replace anything
in your CB radio.
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CONTENTS
Installation ............................................................................................................ 5
Attaching the Microphone Holder .................................................................... 5
Mounting the TRC-442 .................................................................................... 5
Connecting the Microphone ............................................................................. 7
Installing an Antenna ....................................................................................... 7
Selecting an Antenna ................................................................................ 7
Connecting an Antenna ............................................................................ 7
Using Vehicle Battery Power ........................................................................... 8
Using the CB as a Base Station ...................................................................... 9
Operation ............................................................................................................ 10
Turning On the CB and Receiving Transmissions ......................................... 10
Transmitting ................................................................................................... 11
CB Operation Tips ..............................................................................................
Common Uses for a CB Radio ......................................................................
Business Uses ........................................................................................
Personal Uses .........................................................................................
CB Courtesy ..................................................................................................
Using Common 10-Codes .............................................................................
Maximum Range ...........................................................................................
12
12
12
12
12
13
14
Troubleshooting ................................................................................................. 15
Reducing Noise ............................................................................................. 16
Care and Maintenance ....................................................................................... 17
Replacing the Fuse ........................................................................................ 18
Specifications ..................................................................................................... 19
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INSTALLATION
ATTACHING THE
MICROPHONE HOLDER
You can connect the microphone holder to the right side of the transceiver or
to another location in your vehicle.
3. Attach the holder at the mounting
location using the supplied mounting screws, lockwashers, washers, and nuts.
To attach the holder to the transceiver,
secure it with the supplied mounting
screws and lockwashers.
MOUNTING THE TRC-442
To attach the holder to another location in the vehicle, such as the dashboard, follow these steps.
1. Using the holder as a template,
mark the positions for the mounting screw holes at the desired
location.
2. At each marked position, drill a
hole slightly smaller than the supplied mounting screws.
Caution: Be careful not to drill
into anything behind the mounting surface.
The most common mounting location
for this CB is under a vehicle’s dashboard. However, if you use the TRC442 as a base station, you can place it
on a desk, shelf, or table. See “Using
the CB as a Base Station” on Page 9.
If you are mounting the CB in a vehicle, choose a location where:
• You can easily reach the CB.
• Wires and cables are clear of the
vehicle’s pedals or other moving
parts.
• The CB is not directly in front of
heating vents.
• All wires and cables can reach
their connection points.
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Cautions:
• If you use the TRC-442 in a vehicle, mount it securely to avoid
damage to the CB or vehicle or injury to anyone in the vehicle during sudden starts or stops.
3. Attach the bracket to the mounting
surface with the supplied mounting bolts, lockwashers, washers,
and nuts.
• Do not mount the CB where it
could damage or interfere with the
proper operation of any passive
restraint safety device (an air bag
or seat belt).
Follow these steps to mount the CB
using the supplied hardware.
1. Using the mounting bracket as a
template, mark the positions for
the screw holes on the mounting
surface.
Note: If you cannot reach behind
the mounting surface to attach the
nuts on the bolts, use the supplied
screws, lockwashers, and washers to secure the bracket.
4. Attach the CB to the mounting
bracket using the supplied rubber
washers and mounting knobs.
2. In each marked location, drill a
hole slightly smaller than the supplied mounting bolts.
Caution: Be careful not to drill
into objects behind the mounting
surface.
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Rubber Washer
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CONNECTING THE
MICROPHONE
1. Align the notch on the microphone
cable’s plug with the ridge in the
MIC jack, then insert the plug into
the jack.
Note: If you are using this CB as a
base station, see “Using the CB as a
Base Station” on Page 9.
Selecting an Antenna
When deciding on an antenna and
where to locate it, consider these
points:
• The location of the antenna
should be as high as possible.
2. Tighten the microphone cable’s
outer ring by turning it clockwise.
3. Slide the microphone onto the microphone holder.
4. To disconnect the microphone,
loosen the microphone cable’s
outer ring by turning it counterclockwise, then pull out the plug.
• The antenna and antenna cable
should be as far as possible from
sources of electrical noise (ignition systems, gauges, and so on).
Your local RadioShack store sells a
variety of CB antennas for both mobile
and base-station use. Choose the one
that best meets your needs.
Connecting an Antenna
Caution: Never pull on the microphone cable.
Once you choose an antenna, follow
its mounting instructions. Route the
antenna’s cable to the CB, then screw
the cable to the ANTENNA jack on the
back of the CB.
INSTALLING AN
ANTENNA
Caution: To prevent damage to your
CB, you must connect an antenna to it
before you operate it.
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Cautions:
• Do not run the cable over sharp
edges or moving parts that might
damage it.
• Do not run the cable next to power
cables or other CB antenna
cables.
• Do not run the cable through a
vehicle’s engine compartment or
other areas that produce extreme
heat.
Note: To achieve your radio’s maximum range, adjust the antenna’s
Standing Wave Ratio (SWR) using an
SWR meter (not supplied).
Follow the instructions supplied with
the SWR meter and antenna to adjust
your antenna’s SWR to the lowest possible value. SWR values of 2.0:1 are
generally acceptable, with readings of
1.5:1 or lower being more desirable.
USING VEHICLE
BATTERY POWER
You can power this CB from your vehicle’s battery or from standard AC power with an optional DC power supply.
For information on using AC power,
see “Using the CB as a Base Station”
on Page 9.
Follow these steps to power the CB
from your vehicle’s battery.
Red wire to switched
accessory terminal
Black wire to vehicle’s frame
or battery (–)
1. Connect the red wire, with the inline fuse, to a source of voltage
that turns on and off with the ignition switch, such as a spare
accessory terminal in your vehicle’s fuse box. This prevents the
battery from being drained if you
leave the CB on when you turn off
the ignition.
2. Connect the black wire to your
vehicle battery’s negative (–) terminal or to a metal part of the
vehicle’s frame that is not insulated from the frame by a plastic
part.
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USING THE CB AS A
BASE STATION
Although this CB is designed mainly
for mobile use, you can also use it as
a base station with an AC power
source. For base station installation,
you need the following items (all available at your local RadioShack store):
• 12-volt DC power supply (such as
Cat. No. 22-504)
Caution: Most 12-volt DC power
supplies plug into a standard AC
outlet to produce DC power.
Before connecting your CB to a
12-volt DC power supply, read
and follow the instructions included with the power supply.
• Base station antenna (such as
Cat. No. 21-969)
• Coaxial antenna cable and connectors
Follow these steps to install the CB as
a base station.
Warning: Use extreme caution
when you install or remove a base
station CB antenna. If the antenna
starts to fall, let it go. It could contact overhead power lines. If the
antenna touches the power line,
contact with the antenna, mast,
cable, or guy wires can cause
electrocution and death. Call the
power company to remove the
antenna. DO NOT attempt to do
so yourself.
2. Route the antenna cable to the
CB, then connect the antenna to
the ANTENNA jack on the back of
the CB.
3. Connect the CB’s black power
wire to the negative (–) terminal
on the DC power supply.
4. Connect the CB’s red wire, with
the in-line fuse, to the positive (+)
terminal on the DC power supply.
5. Connect the DC power supply to a
standard AC outlet.
Red wire
to switched
accessory
terminal
Black wire to vehicle’s
frame or battery (–)
1. Mount the base station antenna
as described in its owner’s manual.
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OPERATION
Before you use your CB radio, you
should know how to use it effectively
and courteously. “CB Operation Tips”
on Page 12 contains information that
will help you get more enjoyment from
your CB radio.
TURNING ON THE CB
AND RECEIVING
TRANSMISSIONS
1. Turn SQUELCH fully counterclockwise.
2. To turn on the CB, turn VOLUME
clockwise until it clicks and you
hear a hissing sound. The CB displays the last selected channel.
3. To tune to a specific channel, rotate CHANNEL clockwise or counterclockwise until the display
shows the desired channel.
To rapidly move up or down the
channels, turn CHANNEL only
slightly to the left or right.
4. Slowly turn SQUELCH clockwise
until the hissing sound stops.
Note: If the CB picks up
unwanted, partial, or very weak
transmissions, turn SQUELCH
clockwise to decrease the CB’s
sensitivity to these signals. Turn
SQUELCH counterclockwise if you
want to listen to a weak or distant
station.
5. Adjust VOLUME to a comfortable
listening level.
6. To turn off the CB, turn VOLUME
counterclockwise until it clicks.
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TRANSMITTING
Note: We recommend you try receiving before you transmit.
1. Follow Steps 1–5 in “Turning On
the CB and Receiving Transmissions” on Page 10.
2. Hold down PUSH TO TALK
speak into the microphone
normal voice from about
inches away. The orange TX
cator lights.
and
in a
2–3
indi-
Note: Do not speak too loudly
when transmitting. It does not
make your signal any stronger,
and might distort your transmission.
3. When you finish transmitting, release PUSH TO TALK. The TX indicator turns off. The TRC-442 can
now receive transmissions.
4. To turn off the CB, turn VOLUME
counterclockwise until it clicks.
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CB OPERATION TIPS
Like most activities, CB radio has its
customs and courtesies. The following
tips will help you get the most enjoyment from your CB.
COMMON USES FOR A
CB RADIO
Business Uses
• Truck drivers and delivery personnel can learn road and traffic conditions and get assistance in
locating destinations. A CB is also
good company on those “long
hauls.”
• On construction crews, a CB
quickly pays for itself when you
are calling for additional materials
or coordinating the activities of different work crews.
• For security officers, a CB is more
than a convenience — it is a must
for both safety and efficiency.
Personal Uses
• Keep in touch with home while
driving to work, to the store, or to
a social activity. Let your family
know you are tied up in traffic or
that you will stop by the store on
the way home.
• If you are a two-car (or more) family, CB radios are great for communicating with family members
while they are in their cars.
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• Contact friends or neighbors —
find out “what’s happening” or
plan a get-together.
• Ever have car trouble or run out of
gas on the highway? What an assurance it is to be able to radio for
assistance!
• Camping, fishing, and other sports
are more fun with a CB radio.
Locate a buddy or find out “what’s
cooking” back at camp.
CB COURTESY
• Wait for a pause in someone
else’s transmission before you
ask for a break.
• If you do not receive an answer to
your call after a second attempt,
sign off and wait several minutes
before trying again.
• Do not hold down the microphone
talk button when you are not talking. (This is called “dead keying.”)
• Assist callers with directions,
information about road conditions,
and
any
other
reasonable
requests.
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USING COMMON 10-CODES
Citizen’s band operators have largely adopted the 10-codes for standard questions
and answers. These codes permit faster communication and better intelligibility in
noisy areas. This table lists codes adopted by the Associated Public-Safety Communications Officers (APCO).
Code
Meaning
Code
Meaning
10-1
Your signal is bad.
10-17
En route.
10-2
Your signal is good.
10-18
Urgent.
10-3
Stop transmitting.
10-19
Contact _____.
10-4
Message received and understood.
10-20
What is your location?
10-21
Call _____ by telephone.
10-5
Relay information to _____.
10-22
Cancel last message.
10-6
I am busy or are you busy?
10-23
Arrived at the scene.
10-7
Out of service.
10-24
Assignment complete.
10-8
In service.
10-25
Meet _____.
10-9
Repeat last message.
10-10
Negative (No).
10-26
Estimated time of arrival is
_____.
10-11
_____ in service.
10-30
Use caution.
10-12
Stand by.
10-31
Pick up.
10-13
Report road/weather conditions.
10-33
Emergency traffic. Clear the
channel.
10-14
Information.
10-34
What time is it?
10-15
Message delivered.
10-41
Switch to Channel _.
10-16
Reply to message.
10-62
Cannot understand.
Note: Although this table lists the 10-codes’ meanings in the form of a statement, they
can also be phrased as questions (10-6: Are you busy?, 10-20: What is your location?).
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MAXIMUM RANGE
The maximum range and quality of CB
radio transmissions vary depending
on these conditions:
• The type and quality of antenna
used
• The height of the antenna’s
mounting location — the higher
the antenna, the better the signal’s range
• The surrounding terrain — mountains and tall buildings limit the
range
• Weather conditions
• The number of nearby CBs operating on the same channel
• Standing wave ratio (SWR) between the antenna and the CB
Note: Your CB radio’s transmission
range is generally line-of-sight.
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TROUBLESHOOTING
If your CB is not working as it should, follow these suggestions to see if you can
eliminate the problem. If you cannot, take the CB to your local RadioShack store for
assistance.
Symptom:
Trouble with reception
Check That:
• The CB is turned on.
• VOLUME is turned up.
• SQUELCH is turned counterclockwise.
• PUSH TO TALK is not being pressed in.
• The antenna cable is securely connected to
both the antenna and the CB.
Trouble with transmission
• The CB is turned on.
• VOLUME is turned up.
• The microphone is securely connected to the
CB.
• All connectors are clean and tightened.
• You are fully pressing PUSH TO TALK
• The antenna cable is securely connected to
both the antenna and the CB.
No channel selection
CB does not work at all
You are not pressing PUSH TO TALK. You cannot
change channels when PUSH TO TALK is pressed.
• The power supply and in-line fuse are working
(see “Replacing the Fuse’’ on Page 18).
• The red (+) and black (–) wires are connected
properly when using vehicle battery power.
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REDUCING NOISE
Because your CB is exceptionally quiet, any noise you hear through the CB
is probably from an external source in
your vehicle such as the alternator, another radio, or spark plugs.
The transceiver uses an ANL (Automatic Noise Limiter) circuit to reduce
noise. However, if possible, try to eliminate the noise by finding its source.
You can determine the noise’s source
by turning off the engine and operating
the CB with your vehicle’s ignition set
to ACC. If the noise is reduced, the
problem is in your vehicle’s ignition or
electrical system.
Here are a few hints to help you reduce or eliminate such noise:
• Make all CB power and antenna
wires as short as possible.
• Route the power wires away from
the antenna wires.
• Be sure that the chassis ground
connection is secure.
• Replace old ignition wires with
new, high-voltage, noise suppression wires.
• Install noise suppressors on your
spark plugs, or install new spark
plugs that have built-in noise suppressors.
16
• If problems persist, check your
alternator/generator and regulator gauges. You can reduce the
noise from these sources by using
bypass capacitors at the various
output voltage points.
Your local RadioShack store has a
wide selection of noise suppression
accessories.
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CARE AND MAINTENANCE
Your RadioShack TRC-442 Full-Power 40-Channel Mobile CB Radio is an example
of superior design and craftsmanship. The following suggestions will help you care
for your CB so you can enjoy it for years.
Keep the CB dry. If it gets wet, wipe it dry immediately. Liquids might
contain minerals that can corrode the electronic circuits.
Keep the CB away from dust and dirt, which can cause premature
wear of parts.
Handle the CB gently and carefully. Dropping it can damage circuit
boards and cases and can cause the CB to work improperly.
Wipe the CB with a damp cloth occasionally to keep it looking new.
Do not use harsh chemicals, cleaning solvents, or strong detergents
to clean the CB.
Modifying or tampering with the CB’s internal components can cause a malfunction
and might invalidate the CB’s warranty and void your FCC authorization to operate
it. If your CB is not performing as it should, take it to your local RadioShack store
for assistance.
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REPLACING THE FUSE
The TRC-442’s 2-amp in-line fuse
helps protect your CB from power
surges and short circuits. If the CB loses power because the fuse has burned
out, replace it using a 2-amp, slowblow glass fuse, such as Cat. No. 2701023.
Caution: Make sure you replace the
fuse only with another fuse of the same
type and rating.
Follow these steps to replace the fuse.
1. Make sure the power source and
CB are both off.
2. Holding the fuse holder by both
ends, push the ends together,
twist one end counterclockwise,
then pull them apart.
3. If the fuse is blown, replace it.
4. To close the fuse holder, align the
tabs and slots at the ends, and
push the fuse holder ends
together. Then turn either end
clockwise.
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SPECIFICATIONS
RECEIVER
Frequency Coverage ................All 40 CB Channels (Class D) 26.965–27.405 MHz
Sensitivity for 10dB S/N ...................................... 0.5 mV or better for 10 dB S+N/N
Adjacent Channel Rejection .........................................................–40db (at 10 kHz)
Audio Output .................................................................................................. 1 Watt
Cross Modulation ............................................................................................ 50 dB
Squelch ................................................................. Adjustable from 0.7 mV to 1 mV
TRANSMITTER
Frequency Coverage ................All 40 CB Channels (Class D) 26.965–27.405 MHz
Frequency Tolerance ................................................................................... 0.005%
Output Power ............................................................................ 4 Watts (Maximum)
Spurious Emission ........................................................................................ –60 dB
Type of Modulation .............................................................................................. A3
Modulation Capability ....................................................................................... 90%
Antenna Impedance ................................................................................... 50 Ohm
GENERAL
Power Requirements ............................................. 13.8 Volts DC, Negative Ground
120 V AC, 60 Hz, using an optional power supply (Cat. No. 22-504)
Dimensions (HWD) ........................... 15/8 × 51/2 ¥ 67/8 inches (41.5 ¥ 140 ¥ 175 mm)
Weight ............................................................................................. 26.4 oz (750 g)
Included Accessories ................................ Microphone Holder, Mounting Hardware
Specifications are typical, individual units might vary. Specifications are subject to
change and improvement without notice.
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Limited Ninety-Day Warranty
This product is warranted by RadioShack against manufacturing defects in material and workmanship under normal use for ninety (90) days from the date of purchase from RadioShack companyowned stores and authorized RadioShack franchisees and dealers. EXCEPT AS PROVIDED
HEREIN, RadioShack MAKES NO EXPRESS WARRANTIES AND ANY IMPLIED WARRANTIES,
INCLUDING THOSE OF MERCHANTABILITY AND FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE,
ARE LIMITED IN DURATION TO THE DURATION OF THE WRITTEN LIMITED WARRANTIES
CONTAINED HEREIN. EXCEPT AS PROVIDED HEREIN, RadioShack SHALL HAVE NO LIABILITY OR RESPONSIBILITY TO CUSTOMER OR ANY OTHER PERSON OR ENTITY WITH RESPECT TO ANY LIABILITY, LOSS OR DAMAGE CAUSED DIRECTLY OR INDIRECTLY BY USE
OR PERFORMANCE OF THE PRODUCT OR ARISING OUT OF ANY BREACH OF THIS WARRANTY, INCLUDING, BUT NOT LIMITED TO, ANY DAMAGES RESULTING FROM INCONVENIENCE, LOSS OF TIME, DATA, PROPERTY, REVENUE, OR PROFIT OR ANY INDIRECT,
SPECIAL, INCIDENTAL, OR CONSEQUENTIAL DAMAGES, EVEN IF RadioShack HAS BEEN ADVISED OF THE POSSIBILITY OF SUCH DAMAGES.
Some states do not allow the limitations on how long an implied warranty lasts or the exclusion of incidental or consequential damages, so the above limitations or exclusions may not apply to you.
In the event of a product defect during the warranty period, take the product and the RadioShack
sales receipt as proof of purchase date to any RadioShack store. RadioShack will, at its option, unless otherwise provided by law: (a) correct the defect by product repair without charge for parts and
labor; (b) replace the product with one of the same or similar design; or (c) refund the purchase
price. All replaced parts and products, and products on which a refund is made, become the property of RadioShack. New or reconditioned parts and products may be used in the performance of
warranty service. Repaired or replaced parts and products are warranted for the remainder of the
original warranty period. You will be charged for repair or replacement of the product made after the
expiration of the warranty period.
This warranty does not cover: (a) damage or failure caused by or attributable to acts of God, abuse,
accident, misuse, improper or abnormal usage, failure to follow instructions, improper installation or
maintenance, alteration, lightning or other incidence of excess voltage or current; (b) any repairs
other than those provided by a RadioShack Authorized Service Facility; (c) consumables such as
fuses or batteries; (d) cosmetic damage; (e) transportation, shipping or insurance costs; or (f) costs
of product removal, installation, set-up service adjustment or reinstallation.
This warranty gives you specific legal rights, and you may also have other rights which vary from
state to state.
RadioShack Customer Relations, Dept. W, 100 Throckmorton St., Suite 600, Fort Worth, TX 76102
We Service What We Sell
3/97
RadioShack
A Division of Tandy Corporation
Fort Worth, Texas 76102
6A8
811081220B
Printed in China
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