Bard | EIFM-3B | 2100-390 - Bard Manufacturing Company

2100-390 - Bard Manufacturing Company
INSTALLATION
INSTRUCTIONS
ECONOMIZERS WITH EXHAUST
MODELS
EIFM-2B
EIFM-3B
For Use with Bard 1-1/2 thru 3 Ton
Wall Mount Air Conditioners
and Heat Pumps
Bard Manufacturing Company
Bryan, Ohio 43506
Since 1914...Moving ahead, just as planned.
Manual :
Supersedes:
File:
Date:
2100-390
Volume III Tab 19
04-26-01
© Copyright 2001
CONTENTS
GENERAL
General Information ................................................. 1
Unpacking ................................................................ 1
Description ............................................................... 1
INSTALLATION
Basic Installation ...................................................... 2
Economizers – WA, WH & WL Series .................... 8
FIGURES
Figure 1
Figure 2
Figure 3
Figure 4
Figure 5
Figure 6
Figure 7
Figure 8
................................................................ 2
................................................................ 3
................................................................ 4
................................................................ 5
................................................................ 6
................................................................ 8
................................................................ 9
.............................................................. 10
TABLES
Table 1
Table 2
................................................................ 1
................................................................ 7
Manufactured under U.S. patent number 5,301,744.
Other patents pending.
COPYRIGHT APRIL 2001
BARD MANUFACTURING COMPANY
BRYAN, OHIO USA 43506
GENERAL
GENERAL INFORMATION
DESCRIPTION
The economizer should only be installed by a trained
heating and air conditioning technician. These
instructions serve as a guide to the technician installing
the economizer package. They are not intended as a step
by step procedure with which the mechanically inclined
owner can install the package.
The EIFM-2 and EIFM-3 economizers are designed to
be used with Bard 1-1/2 thru 3 ton wall mount series air
conditioners and heat pumps with low ambient fan
cycling controls. They are electromechanical
economizer systems designed to provide “free” cooling
where the outdoor air temperature is cool enough to
provide the needed cooling without running the
compressor. When cooling is needed, the system
automatically takes advantage of the could outdoor air
when available and uses it for first stage cooling. This
then reduces the need to runt the air conditioning
compressor providing lower operating costs and
increasing the service life of the equipment. If the
outdoor air gets too warm or humid to be helpful, the
enthalpy control detects the condition and automatically
closes the outdoor air and exhaust damper, opens the
return air damper and switches to the compressor
operation. This is all done automatically to achieve
maximum savings without attention for the user. See
Figure 1, Page 9, for a block diagram of the economizer
operation logic flow. The unit is equipped with a full
modulating type damper motor which controls the
damper position to a factory set minimum supply air
temperature.
The economizer housing is shipped in one carton which
contains the electrical harness, miscellaneous hardware
and installation instructions.
The economizer installation requires an additional two
stage cooling thermostat in place of the normal single
stage cooling thermostat. Also additional low voltage
wire will be required to transmit the second call (Y2) for
cool. (I.E. use 6 conductor thermostat wire for an air
conditioning unit and 9 conductor thermostat wire for
heat pumps.) See Page 8 for required thermostats.
If using a Bard master controller, the MC91AE master
controller is designed specifically to control two (2)
redundant Bard wall mount units equipped with
economizers.
Any wall mount unit equipped with an economizer must
also have a low ambient control installed. This control
can be factory installed or field installed. If field
installed, use kit CMA-6 (air conditioner models) or
CMH-7 (heat pump models).
UNPACKING
Upon receipt of the equipment be sure to compare the
model number found on the shipping label with the
accessory identification information on the ordering
and shipping document to verify that the correct
accessory has been shipped.
Inspect the carton housing of each economizer as it is
received, and before signing the freight bill, verify
that all items have been received and that there is no
visible damage. Note any shortages or damage on all
copies of the freight bill. The receiving party must
contact the last carrier immediately, preferably in
writing, requesting inspection by the carrier’s agent.
Concealed damage not discovered until after loading
must be reported to the carrier within 15 days of its
receipt.
TABLE 1
(1)
MODEL
FOR USE WITH
FOLLOWING UNITS
EIFM-2B WA/WL181, WA/WL241,WA251, WH183, WH241
EIFM-3B WA/WL301, WA/WL361, WH301, WH361, WA371
(1) Low ambient is required with Economizer for low
pressure compressor operation.
EIFM models not suitable for use with hot gas bypass
models.
Manual 2100-390
Page 1
INSTALLATION
BASIC INSTALLATION
1. Unpack the economizer assembly which includes
the integral economizer with attached electrical
harness, mixed air thermistor, miscellaneous
hardware and installation instructions.
2. Remove and save the existing exterior blower access
and service access panels on the Bard wall mount
unit. (See Figure 1.)
WARNING
Open and lock unit disconnect switch before
installing this accessory to prevent injury or
death due to electrical shock or contact with
moving parts. Turn thermostat to OFF.
FIGURE 1
MIS-344
Manual 2100-390
Page 2
3. RIGHT HAND UNITS Remove and save existing
unit return air filter and left side filter support
bracket. Remove and save top four (4) screws from
grille. (See Figure 2.)
4. Remove and discard the condenser partition blank
off plate. (See Figure 2.)
LEFT HAND UNITS Remove and save the
existing unit return air filter and right side filter
bracket.
FIGURE 2
MIS-345
Manual 2100-390
Page 3
5. FOR RIGHT HAND UNITS Install economizer
by inserting the economizer into the unit to the far
left side clearing the right filter bracket. Once the
economizer is fully inserted, slide the economizer to
the right until it is tight against the back of the
control panel. (See Figure 3.)
FOR LEFT HAND UNITS Install economizer
by inserting the economizer into the unit to the far
right side clearing the left filter bracket. Once the
economizer is fully inserted, slide the economizer to
the left unit it is tight against the back of the control
panel.
FIGURE 3
TOP VIEW OF
BLOWER PARTITION
SIDE SECTION
MIS-346
Manual 2100-390
Page 4
IMPORTANT: Position front lip of economizer under
front grille and on top of condenser partition. (See
Figure 3 inset.) This is important to ensure proper
drainage of any water entering damper assembly.
6. Mount mixed air thermistor to blower partition as
shown with screws provided. Bracket with sensor
installs on top of blower partition. Screws are
inserted from the underside. Route wires as shown
and secure with wire tie. Connect wires to
thermistor. (See Figures 2 & 3.)
7. Open unit control panel to gain access to unit low
voltage terminal block.
8. FOR LEFT HAND UNITS Reroute economizer
wiring harness to the left side. (See Figure 4.)
9. Route electrical harness leads through the 7/8”
bushing in control panel (Figure 5) into low voltage
box.
FIGURE 4
MIS-1355
Manual 2100-390
Page 5
Manual 2100-390
Page 6
FIGURE 5
TOP VIEW OF CONTROL PANEL
MIS-350
9. Connect lead with fork terminal to corresponding
points on terminal strip. Re.: C.Y.G. (See wiring
diagram.)
10. Wire nut leads with 5/8” stripped ends to Y1 and
Y2 leads from thermostat. See wiring diagram in
this manual or on economizer.
NOTE: Wires referenced in Note 1 on wiring
diagram are for special control application
only and are not normally used. These wires
may be used in conjunction with other
circuitry to open the damper regardless of
outside temperature and humidity. Consult
factory for details.
11. Close control panel cover
12. Reinstall the blower access panel at top of unit and
secure with sheet metal screws.
13. Replace filter bracket, filter and four (4) screws in
front condenser grille.
14. ECONOMIZER CHECK OUT
A. Remove mist eliminator (Figure 3). Locate the
minimum position potentiometer. (See Figure
5.)
B. Energize the evaporator blower by switching
thermostat to the manual fan position with
heat /cool in the OFF position.
C. Cycle the minimum position potentiometer
(factory set for 0% fresh air) 0 to full open. (See
Figure 5.) Throughout checkout procedure
observe operation of damper to insure there is
free, unobstructed operation through the entire
angle of damper travel. Then adjust the damper
minimum open position to meet local codes or
application requirements. See example below.
EXAMPLE:
1. Measure return air temperature (RAT)
(assume 75° F for example).
2. Measure outdoor air temperature (OAT)
(assume 60° F for example).
D. Adjust the enthalpy control to position A, B, C,
or D to achieve the maximum combination of
temperature and humidity acceptable for the
installation as per Table 2 below. The
suggested setting is between A & B 70° DB
@ 55 percent RH. It is further recommended to
always set the control at C or above. (See
Figure 5.)
E. Switch the thermostat fan control to automatic
and position, the heat cool switch to cool.
Adjust the thermostat temperature to engage the
first stage of cooling only (Y). This will cause
the dampers to modulate to achieve mixed air
temperature of 55° provided outside air
enthalpy is sufficiently low. If enthalpy is too
high for economizing, low enthalpy can be
simulated by temporarily removing and
jumping leads on terminal 2 and 3 of enthalpy
control together. This will also cause the
economizer damper to modulate away from
minimum position. (Be sure to properly
reconnect leads at end of checkout
procedure).
F. Readjust temperature on the thermostat to
engage the second stage of cooling (Y2). The
damper motor should return to previously set
minimum position. Compressor motor should
start.
G. Switch thermostat to OFF fan and OFF heat/
cool positions to de-energize unit. Economizer
damper should return to full closed (100 percent
return air) position. Checkout is complete.
15. Replace control access panel and mist eliminator.
16. Remove blank off plate or barometric fresh air
damper if installed on the service access panel.
Plug the four (4) holes used to mount the BOP or
BFAD with the plastic plugs supplied with the
economizer.
16. Replace service access panel.
17. Economizer is now ready for operation.
3. Calculate the mixed air temperature (MAT)
which will result from the desired
combination of OAT (10 percent) and RAT
(90 percent).
.1 OAT + .9 RAT = MAT
or substituting example values
.1(60° F) + .9 (75° F) = 73.75° F
4. Adjust the minimum position potentiometer
knob until proper mixed air temperature as
calculate above is reached. Care should be
taken to insure thermometer is sensing air
that is well mixed.
5. Mark correct setting on dial of minimum
position potentiometer for future reference.
TABLE 2
Dial
Setting
Enthalpy
Control
Setting
20%
RH
50%
RH
80%
RH
A
78 deg. F 73 deg. F 68 deg. F
(26 deg. C) (23 deg. C) (20 deg. C)
B
73 deg. F 68 deg. F 63 deg. F
(23 deg. C) (20 deg. C) (17 deg. C)
C
68 deg. F 63 deg. F 59 deg. F
(20 deg. C) (17 deg. C) (15 deg. C)
D
62 deg. F 58 deg. F 53 deg. F
(17 deg. C) (14 deg. C) (12 deg. C)
Manual 2100-390
Page 7
ECONOMIZER – WA, WL & WH SERIES
ECONOMIZER SEQUENCE OF OPERATION
FEATURES
CONDITION A – COOL OUTDOORS
• One piece construction – easy to install with no
First stage cooling closes and powers the economizer
dampers to economizer mode and the indoor blower
starts. Mixed Air Sensor senses a mixture of return air
and outdoor air and modulates the dampers accordingly.
Compressor operation is inhibited. (See Figure 6.)
mechanical linkage adjustment required.
• Exhaust air damper – built in with positive closed
position. Provides exhaust air capability to prevent
pressurization of tight buildings.
• Actuator motor – 24 volt, power open, spring return
with built in torque limiting switch.
If second stage closes on the thermostat, the dampers
return to the closed or minimum position setting and the
compressor starts for mechanical cooling.
• Proportioning type control – for maximum “Free
Cooling” economy and comfort with up to 100%
outside air.
• Enthalpy control to monitor outdoor temperature and
humidity – adjustable.
• Minimum position potentiometer – adjustable to
control minimum damper blade position.
• Mixed air sensor to monitor outdoor and return air to
automatically modulate damper position.
FIGURE 6
ECONOMIZER OPERATION
MIS-347
Manual 2100-390
Page 8
CONDITION B – WARM OUTDOORS
First stage cooling cycles and compressor and dampers
remain in mechanical cooling mode.
FIGURE 7
MECHANICAL COOLING OPERATION
MIS-348
Manual 2100-390
Page 9
FIGURE 8
ECONOMIZER OPERATION
FOR SINGLE COMPRESSOR UNIT
MIS-1351
WALL THERMOSTATS
FOR HEAT PUMPS WITH ECONOMIZER
Thermostat Part 8403-027 (White Rodgers IF92-71)
Electronic Heat Pump Thermostat
2 Stage Cool / 3 Stage Heat
Manual 2100-390
Page 10
FOR AIR CONDITIONING WITH ECONOMIZER
Thermostat Part No. 8403-021 (Honeywell T874D1934)
Subbase part no. 8404-012
(Honeywell Q674A1001)
2 Stage Cool / 2 Stage Heat
Manual 2100-390
Page 11
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