Quasar2 iss 2.indd
MODEL: QUASAR 2
(Incorporating On/Off switch)
Issue 2
3/11/2008
DCR 793
INSTALLATION, OPERATION AND SERVICING INSTRUCTIONS
Please read these
instructions carefully
before operating your
boiler for the first time
Calomax Limited
Lupton Avenue, Leeds LS9 7DD
Tel. 0113 249 6681 Fax. 0113 235 0358
e-mail: service@calomax.co.uk
www.calomax.co.uk
PAGE
CONTENTS
INTRODUCTION
INTRODUCTION
3
CHECK LIST
3
APPROVALS
3
CONSTRUCTION
4
INSTALLATION
4-6
LOCATION
4
COLD WATER INLET
5
DIMENSIONS AND WEIGHTS
5
VENT / OVERFLOW
6
ELECTRICAL CONNECTIONS
6
Before commencing installation, check that the following parts have
been supplied with the boiler:
1. WRAS approved flexible water inlet hose suitable for
potable water.
2. BPDTK- plastic / stainless free-standing drip tray
USER INSTRUCTIONS
6-8
APPROVALS
SCALE
7
GENERAL OPERATION
8
GENERAL NOTES
8
CLEANING
8
ACCESSORIES
9 - 10
SERVICE INSTRUCTIONS
11,14 &15
EXPLODED DIAGRAM
12 - 13
SPARE PARTS
16 - 17
WIRING DIAGRAM
18
TROUBLE SHOOTING
19
MAINTENANCE AND SERVICE HISTORY
20 - 22
WARRANTY
23
PRODUCT SPECIFICATION
24
Page 2
Thank you for purchasing a Calomax Quasar 2 boiler. All our products
are designed to give years of simple, reliable operation. To ensure
this, it is important that the installation and subsequent servicing is
carried out by a suitably qualified engineer in accordance with these
instructions.
CHECK LIST
This product conforms to the CE marking directive 93/68/
EEC through compliance with the following standards:
Electromagnetic Compatibility Directive
Low Voltage Directive 73/23/EEC in accordance with:
BS EN 60335-2-63:1993
Compliance with these standards has been confirmed through testing
by an independent NAMAS approved body
Calomax products have been tested and found to comply with the
requirements of the Water Supply (Water Fittings) Regulations 1999
for England and Wales Water Bylaws 2000, Scotland and the Water
Regulations Ireland.
Page 3
CONSTRUCTION
All metallic components of the machine, in direct contact with
drinking water are manufactured from high quality 304 grade
stainless steel, or non-ferrous materials, providing maximum
resistance to corrosion.
INSTALLATION
COLD WATER INLET
To comply with the U.K. Water Supply Regulation a single checkvalve must be fitted to the supply. BEFORE CONNECTING, THE
SUPPLY PIPE MUST BE THOROUGHLY FLUSHED OUT TO
ENSURE THAT FOREIGN MATTER DOES NOT BLOCK OR
ENTER THE SOLENOID VALVE
LOCATION
1200 ±100
The boiler must be installed in a location where access is
restricted to operators that are suitably trained, or where
untrained operators of the machine can be supervised by trained
personnel.
To comply with recommendations
from the health and safety executive
it is important that due consideration
be given to safe operation of the
controls of the boiler. The boiler
should therefore be mounted in such
a manner that the operator can stand
directly facing the machine with the
controls at a recommended height
from the floor of 1200mm +/- 100mm.
Consideration should also be given
to the servicing requirements of the
machine. The maximum and minimum
ambient operating conditions are 35 °C and 5 °C respectively.
The appliance is not suitable for installation where a water jet
could be used. Install the boiler on a surface suitable for near
boiling temperatures and the working weight of the boiler. Allow
adequate clearance for ventiation and for the easy removal of
the outer casing lid and rear panel. Calomax ltd recommend a
minimum clearance of 50mm on all sides of the boiler . A suitably
qualified engineer must install this unit. Plumbing and electrical
installation work is involved.
Page 4
The boiler must be connected to a potable water supply using
the food grade hose provided, in a manner which complies
with appropriate local water regulations. The hose should
be connected to a ½” (15mm) drinking water supply via an
appropriate isolating valve. The supply must provide a constant
pressure of between 20 KPa and 1000 KPa (0.2 to 10 Bar).
If the water supply contains excessive solids in suspension it is
recommended that a fine mesh “in-line” water filter is fitted in the
pipe work after the stop cock. Failures due to scale and sediment
are not covered by the warranty.
DIMENSIONS AND WEIGHTS
C
B
A
E
D
MODEL
Quasar
2
mm
A
B
C
D
E
DRY
WEIGHT
WORKING
WEIGHT
546
240
410
201
65
12 KG
29 KG
Page 5
VENT & OVERFLOW
The vent / overflow pipe must be extended and laid with a continuous
fall, discharging to a safe and visible point. The pipe should not be directly
connected to a closed waste, as taste problems may occur and should
never be allowed to become blocked or restricted. One way this could
be connected is via a tundish arrangement. 15mm copper or ‘Speedfit’
pipe should be used. If the machine is operated without the overfill pipe
being extended as advised, any subsequent damage incurred will be the
resposibility of the installer.
ELECTRICAL CONNECTIONS
The boiler is supplied with a fitted plug and lead and should be plugged
into a 220 - 240v 13A electrical socket, capable of carrying a load of 3kW.
The installation of a residual current device (RCD) having a rated residual
operating current not exceeding 30 mA is advisable.
USER INSTRUCTIONS
During normal operation some external parts will become
hot. Care must be taken to avoid a burn or scald injury.
Commissioning
1. Turn water supply on
2. Turn electrical supply on. Ensure that the On / Off switch (located at the
rear) is in the On position
On initial switch-on only
After a few seconds delay for the electronics to charge up, the boiler will
begin filling with water and the ‘Ready’ light and push button will flash to
indicate ‘Wait’. At this point the push button is disabled. When water reaches
the low level sensor (element covered) the element will be energised as well
as the solenoid. When the normal operating level is reached the solenoid
will turn off and the element will remain on until full operating temperature
is reached.
The push button will stop flashing and show solid colour when the boiler
is up to full temperature and the button will be enabled. At this point the
Page 6
‘Ready’ light will stop flashing and show solid colour and the ‘Full’ light will
also be illuminated.
On subsequent operation of the boiler
The boiler will fill and heat in cycles. It will allow only a limited amount of
water to enter the unit at any one time and then switch off the solenoid and
energise the element.
Subsequent Use
After the boiler has finished the commissioning cycle and water is drawn
from the dispense valve, water will be replaced in short cycles (small
amount of water and then heat). The solenoid and element will never
be on at the same time unless the boiler is switched off and on again
(re-setting commission mode). In normal use the boiler will always be
at operating temperature indicated by the ‘Ready’ light and push button
showing a solid (not flashing) colour. When the boiler is full and ready the
‘Full’ light will also be illuminated.
Note:
When the green service indicator light on the front of the boiler is showing
solid colour, the machine has been starved of water for in excess of 20
minutes and the solenoid valve has been disabled to prevent damage to
the solenoid coil through overheat. To re-energise the solenoid, the unit
must be disconnected from the electrical supply and then switched back
on, after first reinstating the water supply.
SCALE
The production of scale is a natural phenomenon and commonly occurs
in hot water systems. The nature of the scale produced and its rate of
formation varies from area to area.
To ensure continuous, reliable operation, the boiler should be regularly
de-scaled by a suitably qualified engineer. Suitable chemical de-scalants
must only be used if the manufacturer’s recommendations are strictly
adhered to. This is to prevent health and safety issues, taste problems
and potential damage to the appliance. Misuse of such chemicals is not
covered by the product warranty.
The Quasar boiler benefits from an integral scale inhibitor. This is not a
scale eliminator and its effects will differ according to the water quality
in your area. To ensure trouble free operation, periodically check for
scale inside the boiling chamber. The production of scale is a natural
Page 7
phenomenon and some de-scaling may be required within the first 12
months. This is not covered under the product warranty as it is not a
fault. If the water supply contains excessive solids in suspension it is
recommended that a fine mesh ‘in-line’ water filter is fitted in the pipe
work after the stop cock.
GENERAL OPERATION
•
Hold a cup below the dispense valve or place large vessels on the
drip tray. Care must be taken to avoid injury through splashing or
over-filling.
•
To begin filling, press the dispense button and water will flow from
the outlet nozzle.
•
To stop filling, release the dispense button.
NEVER PASS YOUR HAND BENEATH THE NOZZLE.
GENERAL NOTES
•
Please retain these instructions for future reference
•
Ensure that a suitable drip tray (such as the one supplied) is
positioned below the dispense valve. This will help keep the
surrounding work surfaces and floor free from drips or splashes.
Various options are available and are outlined on the Accessories
page of this booklet.
•
All de-scaling and servicing must be performed by a suitably
qualified engineer.
Accessories
Worktop-mounting Stainless
Steel drip tray
Ref. HSSDTK (freestanding)
HSSDTWDK (with drain outlet)
Ingredient caddy
Ref. IC3 (3 bay) - as shown
IC4 (4 bay)
Shelf unit
Ref. SHU
CLEANING
Avoid using any abrasive materials. Wiping the outer casing
with a damp cloth should be sufficient. Some stainless
steel cleaning products may not be suitable for plastic and
must not come in contact with the plastic fascia. Always
disconnect the electrical supply before cleaning.
NEVER USE A SPRAY JET OR ANY OTHER METHOD WHICH COULD
CAUSE WATER TO ENTER THE ELECTRICAL CHAMBER.
Page 8
Page 9
Fused spur time switch
Ref. 7DFST
Max 3kW
Plug-in time switch
Ref. 7DPIT
Max 3kW
Water filter kit
(To reduce taste & odour problems)
Ref. 10TOSCK
SERVICE INSTRUCTIONS
When the green service indicator light on the front of the boiler is
showing solid colour, the machine has been starved of water for in
excess of 20 minutes and the solenoid valve has been disabled to
prevent damage to the solenoid coil through overheat. To re-energise
the solenoid, the unit must be disconnected from the electrical supply
and then switched back on, after first reinstating the water supply.
If the unit requires servicing the service indicator will flash a sequence
of light pulses . A 2x or 3x-light pulse generally indicates that the low
or normal level probes require de-scaling.
A 4x-light pulse means the water level has reached the high level
sensor and the likelihood is that the normal level sensor requires
de-scaling, or the machine has over-filled due to debris trapped in
the solenoid valve. The debris can be removed by drawing plenty of
water from the dispense valve, causing the solenoid valve to operate
and flush out the obstruction. The machine will reset itself once the
problem has cleared. If this does not rectify the problem, turn off the
water supply and remove the flexible hose to check for debris in the
valve’s filter. The unit can be used normally while the service indicator
is flashing a 4x pulse. For further assistance, contact our service
department on 0113 249 6681, e-mail service@calomax.co.uk or find a
local service engineer at www.calomax.co.uk
Once the outer casing is removed, access to the Service Area has
been gained. This access must be restricted to persons having
knowledge and practical experience of the appliance, in particular
as far as safety and hygiene are concerned.
Ref. 10TOSC
(Filter & timestrip replacement for
kit shown above)
For more information visit our website at www.calomax.co.uk or call 0113 249 6681
Page 10
De-scale
To gain access to internal components, the body lid must be removed.
The lid incorporates a condenser mechanism which must be fitted the
correct way round. The lid is labelled accordingly. To remove the lid,
break the lid gasket seal and pull the lid forward and up, to the front of
the machine before lifting it clear of the body.
CONTINUED ON PAGE 14
Page 11
Exploded parts view for Quasar 2 boiler
15
(To be read in conjunction with the spare parts list)
6
3
16
4
1
8
12
14
10
9
2
2
*
17
*
(Body cut away to show
internal components &
Outer Casing removed
for clarity)
11
5
7
13
If parts required are not identified,
please contact Calomax Limited
Page 12
* Includes nuts, washers, etc.
Page 13
Note: Whenever the body lid has been removed from the boiler a new
lid gasket may be required to ensure a steam-tight joint. Damage to the
unit caused by a poor lid seal is not covered by warranty.
Scale deposits should be removed from all internal surfaces,
particularly the heating element, thermistor and level sensors by
gently tapping or scraping. If the deposits are soft, use a nylon
pad and flush out. Abrasive cleaning materials containing scouring
powders and detergents must not be used, such materials can
cause taste problems.
Suitable chemical de-scalants must only be used in accordance
with the manufacturer’s recommendations. This will prevent health
and safety issues, taste problems and potential damage to the
appliance. All trace of these chemicals must be removed from
the appliance before re-commissioning the unit . Misuse of such
chemicals is not covered by the product warranty.
The auxiliary PCB controls the dispense valve and push button
functions.
Should an element fail and need to be replaced, it may be
necessary to replace the lid gasket to ensure a reliable steam-tight
seal. Note: the element has a permanent ‘Live’ feed, and the
‘Neutral’ is switched.
Printed Circuit Board replacement (PCB)
In the event of a PCB failing and a replacement being required, full
instructions will be supplied. It is important to note however, that the
Triac PCB must be securely mounted against the copper heat-sink
to ensure reliable heat dissipation. Heat transfer compound is also
supplied with all replacement circuit boards.
Adjusting the Water Temperature Set Point
IMPORTANT Before re-commissioning the boiler it is important
that all scale and moisture is removed from the level sensor
insulating gaskets, to avoid a false signal being transmitted
through the scale to the boiler body. Failure to remove this
scale and/or moisture could cause the sensor to indicate to the
PCB that water is covering the element, whether or not water
is present. In this situation the PCB could energise the element
causing failure. If in doubt, protect the element by hand filling
with water to the level of the draw-off tap before switching on
the electrical supply to the boiler.
The temperature potentiometer (Pot) is pre-set at Calomax and
will only require adjustment in exceptional circumstances. Contact
Calomax for advice.
General function
The On / Off switch is positioned at the rear of the machine. When in
the off position the unit will cease to function & the light on the fascia
will go out.
NOTE: This switch must not be used to isolate the electrical supply
for servicing / maintenance. When maintaining / servicing the unit the
power cord must be removed from the mains supply.
The printed circuit board (PCB) controls the heating and filling
functions of the boiler by monitoring the thermistor and level
sensors. The PCB also controls the external light unit to indicate
the current state of the boiler. Red and yellow LED’S on the circuit
board indicate whether the PCB has energised the element or
solenoid respectively.
Page 14
Water boils at different temperatures depending on barometric
pressure. The temperature should not be tuned higher than
98°C, or over boiling may occur during low barometric pressure
conditions, causing the unit to trip the overheat cut-out device.
On / Off Switch
Page 15
SPARE PARTS
(Refer to centre pages for location).
SPARE PARTS
(Refer to centre pages for location).
1
2
3
17
4
QDVMMK
DVSK
QUFK
QRLFK
MULLER DISPENSE
VALVE & GROMMET
DISPENSE VALVE
SERVICE KIT
UPPER FASCIA KIT
LOWER FASCIA KIT
7
8
5
6
SVK
SERVICE VALVE KIT
9
DPBK
QPCBT
WATER DISPENSE PUSH MAIN PRINTED CIRCUIT
BUTTON Inc. FITTING TOOL BOARD Inc. TRIAC
10
11
SPRSK
SINGLE POLE
ON/OFF SWITCH
( INC. COVERS)
QRAPCBT
AUXILIARY PCB
12
X1
NBE3HK
CAP330
CASSV
NB15BLG
ELEMENT 3kW
THERMISTOR
ASSEMBLY KIT
SOLENOID VALVE
BODY LID GASKET
13
14
15
16
FIH
CASMR
CASLPK
NBPRG
WATER INLET
HOSE
MANUAL RESET
THERMAL CUTOUT
LEVEL PROBES KIT
BODY LID
GROMMET
Spare parts are usually available ex-stock.
Please quote Model & Serial Number.
Page 16
NB: Not to scale.
Page 17
THERMAL
CUTOUT
N
BLACK
E
YELLOW / GREEN
RED
EARTH
ON BASE
RED
EARTH ON
CASING
HOT WATER OUTLET
DISPENSE VALVE
OPT1
U1
OP1
RED
BLUE
YELLOW
ORANGE
EARTH
ON BODY
HIGH
NORMAL
LOW
YELLOW / GREEN
BLACK
ORANGE
BROWN
BLACK
LEVEL
SENSORS
CONNECTOR PLUG
PUSH BUTTON
ON FRONT
PANEL
PINK
BROWN
WHITE
ORANGE
RED
YELLOW
BLACK
BLUE
BLUE
E
HEATER
LED
L
SOLENOID
LED
RED
BLACK
THERMISTOR
TRIAC PCB
ELEMENT
BLACK
RED
BLACK
COLD WATER INLET
SOLENOID VALVE
0.75mm YELLOW
0.75 WHITE OR 0.5mm YELLOW
Page 18
N
+12Vdc (BROWN)
0Vdc (ORANGE)
BLUE
Wiring Schematic for Calomax Quasar 2 Water Boiler
SINGLE POLE
ISOLATING
SWITCH
L
RED
BASIC TROUBLE SHOOTING
Symptoms
No lights on
front of unit
No boiling water
available
Thermal cut-out
trips regularly
Overflows
Possible Cause
On / Off switch in Off position
Thermal cut-out tripped
Remedy
Switch to On position
Reset and check for faults
(i.e. scale on thermistor
Normal level sensor
holding a signal
De-scale
Thermal cut-out
tripped (no lights on fascia)
On / Off switch in Off position
Reset and check for faults
(i.e. scale on thermistor)
Switch to On position
Element failed
Replace element
Excessive internal scale. (See
‘De-Scale’ )
De-scale the boiler
(Particularly thermistor)
Faulty wiring to thermistors /
faulty thermistors
Repair / replace as required
Temperature controller needs
adjusting
Lower operating temperature
Element failed to earth
Replace element
Defective Main Printed Circuit
Board & / or Triac PCB
Replace Circuit Board & Triac
(sold as a matched pair)
Dirt in solenoid valve.
Clean solenoid filter / or replace
solenoid, “work the boiler” see Service Instructions
Level sensors require descaling or replacing
De-scale / replace sensors
Main Printed Circuit
Board faulty
Replace Main Printed Circuit
Board
Page 19
MAINTENANCE AND SERVICE HISTORY
Page 20
MAINTENANCE AND SERVICE HISTORY
Page 21
MAINTENANCE AND SERVICE HISTORY
WARRANTY GUARANTEE (UK Mainland customers only)
Calomax have manufactured water boilers in the UK for over 50
years. We are proud of our products and the back-up service we
provide.
Properly maintained and serviced, a Calomax boiler should last
many years and we have no hesitation in providing a full 12 months
(mainland U.K.) parts and labour warranty for all models. Please
complete and return the enclosed product registration form as
soon as possible to activate this, or register online at :
www.calomax.co.uk .
In addition, the Clipper, Kudos and Quantum models carry an
additional 12 month back to base warranty.
Some factors are beyond our control and would invalidate the
warranty offered. These include:
Incorrect installation
High / Low water pressure
Incorrect voltage supply
Accidental damage
Limescale build-up
The last item can be a particular problem for water dispensing
equipment in hard-water areas. All hot water equipment should be
serviced and de-scaled by approved organisations on a regular
basis to avoid a damaging build-up of limescale.
Although our boilers incorporate scale-inhibitor technology, we
recommend that a taste, odour and scale filter should be fitted
where appropriate.
Page 22
Please visit our website www.calomax.co.uk for details of our
Service Partner Network and the range of filters and accessories
available.
Page 23
PLEASE ENTER SERIAL NUMBER FOR FUTURE
REFERENCE
Model
Serial Number
Draw off Capacity
Heat-up Time (first switch-on)
9 Litre capacity
Average flow rate from
dispense valve
Voltage
Power rating
QUASAR 2
9 Litres
45 Minutes
2.8 Litres / Minute
220 - 240 V ac 50-60 Hz
3kW (MAX)
Note: All measurements are approximate.
PLEASE CONTACT OUR SERVICE DEPARTMENT FOR ASSISTANCE
Calomax Limited, Lupton Avenue, Leeds LS9 7DD
Tel: 0113 249 6681
Fax: 0113 235 0358
e-mail: service@calomax.co.uk
Page 24
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