Apple | Xserve RAID User's guide | Setup guide | Apple Xserve RAID User's guide Setup guide

Apple Xserve RAID User's guide Setup guide
Xserve
Setup Guide
Includes setup, expansion,
and hardware specifications
for the Xserve
KKApple Inc.
© 2009 Apple Inc. All rights reserved.
Under the copyright laws, this manual may not be
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of Apple. Your rights to the software are governed by the
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in this manual is accurate. Apple is not responsible for
printing or clerical errors.
Apple
1 Infinite Loop
Cupertino, CA 95014-2084
408-996-1010
www.apple.com
Apple, the Apple logo, FireWire, Mac, Mac OS, Macintosh,
Macintosh Products Guide, SuperDrive, and Xserve are
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Simultaneously published in the United States and
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034-4891-A/2009-02
Contents
5
5
6
Preface:  About This Guide
7
8
9
11
20
Chapter 1:  Installing the Xserve
21
22
24
28
30
33
38
43
Chapter 2:  Installing or Replacing Components
When You Finish Installing the Xserve
For More Information
Tools and Parts You’ll Need
Choosing a Suitable Location
Installing the Xserve
Where to Go from Here
Xserve at a Glance—Internal Components
Installing or Replacing a Drive Module
Installing or Replacing a Power Supply
Opening and Closing the Xserve
Adding Memory
Installing a PCI Express Card
Replacing the Battery
45 Appendix A:  Specifications
3
49
49
50
51
51
52
52
53
Appendix B:  Safety and Maintenance
Important Safety Information
Handling the Xserve
Protecting the Optical Drive
Power Supply
Cleaning the Xserve
Apple and the Environment
Health-Related Information About Computer Use
54 Regulatory Compliance Information
4
Contents
Preface
About This Guide
This setup guide shows you how to install the Xserve
computer in a rack and how to install or replace
components inside the Xserve.
This guide describes the 3rd-generation Intel-based Xserve (early 2009):
ÂÂ For information about unpacking the Xserve and installing it in a rack, see Chapter 1.
ÂÂ For information about installing or replacing drive modules, memory, PCI cards,
power supplies, or the system battery, see Chapter 2.
ÂÂ For a summary of Xserve specifications, see Appendix A.
ÂÂ For safety, maintenance, and regulatory information, see Appendix B.
When You Finish Installing the Xserve
For information about starting up the Xserve for the first time, configuring the server
software, and using the Xserve, see the Xserve User Guide on the Admin Tools disc that
comes with the Xserve.
To learn about the Mac OS X Server software installed on the Xserve, see Mac OS X
Server: Getting Started, also on the Admin Tools disc that comes with the Xserve.
5
If you have an Xserve RAID Card installed in your Xserve, see the RAID Utility User Guide
(available at www.apple.com/xserve/resources.html) for information about setting up
RAID sets and volumes.
The Xserve Setup Guide, Xserve User Guide, Mac OS X Server: Getting Started, and other
server guides are also available at www.apple.com/server/resources.
For More Information
The Apple Service & Support website offers in-depth product information and technical
resources, including articles, discussions, and downloadable software updates. Visit the
site at www.apple.com/support/xserve.
6
About This Guide
Installing the Xserve
1
This chapter shows you how to install the Xserve in an
equipment rack.
The information in this chapter will help you gather the tools you’ll need, choose a
suitable location for the Xserve, and install it in a rack. When you’ve finished installing
the Xserve, you’ll be referred to the Xserve User Guide for information about starting up
the Xserve for the first time.
7
Tools and Parts You’ll Need
ÂÂ A medium-size (#1) Phillips screwdriver
ÂÂ The slide rails, rail extensions, and alignment tool that come with the Xserve
Rails for use with racks
of all depths (2)
Short extensions for racks
24 to 29 inches deep (2)
Long extensions for racks
29 to 36 inches deep (2)
Alignment guide
Enclosure key
8
Chapter 1 Installing the Xserve
Choosing a Suitable Location
The Xserve is designed for rack mounting. Review the following paragraphs to be
sure the location you choose satisfies the Xserve space, electrical, and environmental
requirements.
Rack Compatibility
You can install the Xserve in any open or closed (cabinet-style) 19-inch-wide four-post
rack from 24 to 36 inches deep using the rails included with the Xserve. The Xserve
occupies 1.75 inches (1U) of vertical rack space.
Important: Your rack should satisfy the American National Standards Institute (ANSI)/
Electronic Industries Association (EIA) standard ANSI/EIA-310-D-92, International
Electrotechnical Commission (IEC) 297, and Deutsche Industrie Norm (DIN) 41494.
Rack Stability
Make sure the rack is stable and strong enough to support installed equipment.
When working with equipment in the rack, never slide out more than one unit at a
time, and keep all other equipment secured in the rack.
WARNING: Don’t put a display or other device on top of the Xserve. The extra weight
can damage components inside the Xserve, strain the rack rails, and make the rack
unstable. Devices not secured in the rack can fall on you.
Chapter 1 Installing the Xserve
9
Space Requirements
Air to cool the Xserve flows from front to back. Make sure nothing blocks the openings
in the front and back panels of the Xserve. When installed, the Xserve slides in and out
of the rack from the front. Make sure you have at least 36 inches (1 meter) clear in front
of the Xserve so you can remove it.
Do not block
the air flowing
through the Xserve.
Electrical Power Requirements
Be sure that the available circuitry and power connections can support the combined
power needs of the Xserve and all other equipment in the rack. For information about
the electrical power requirements of the Xserve, see Appendix A, “Specifications,” on
page 45. Make sure that the power connections for the Xserve and all other equipment
are grounded according to local and national standards.
10
Chapter 1 Installing the Xserve
Operating Environment
Make sure that the ambient temperature in the rack is within the limits established
for the Xserve and all other equipment. For the Xserve operating temperature
requirements, see Appendix A, “Specifications,” on page 45. Make sure that both the
rack itself and the room where the rack is located are sufficiently ventilated to maintain
the necessary temperature range.
Installing the Xserve
Follow these instructions to install the Xserve in an equipment rack.
Installation Summary
ÂÂ
ÂÂ
ÂÂ
ÂÂ
ÂÂ
ÂÂ
ÂÂ
Step 1: Remove the shipping material
Step 2: Assemble a pair of slide rails that are the right length for your rack
Step 3: Install the rails loosely in the rack
Step 4: Align and secure the rails
Step 5: Slide the Xserve into the rack
Step 6: Connect the cables
Step 7: Connect a keyboard, display, and mouse (optional)
Installing Optional Components Before You Begin
To work inside the Xserve, you need to remove it from the rack. If you plan to install
additional memory, PCI cards, or other internal components before you start using the
Xserve, you might want to do so now. For help installing components, see Chapter 2.
Chapter 1 Installing the Xserve
11
Step 1: Remove the protective shipping materials
1 Remove the Xserve from its box and place it on a flat surface.
2 Remove the protective faceplate by unscrewing the thumbscrews on each side of the
faceplate and lifting it off.
Protective faceplate
3 Remove any plastic film covering the front or top of the Xserve.
Important: Do not remove the small plastic protector in the optical drive slot. Leave
this protector in place until the Xserve is secured in the rack. Keep the protector and
return it to the drive slot whenever you move the Xserve or pack it for shipping.
12
Chapter 1 Installing the Xserve
Step 2: Assemble the mounting rails
The Xserve comes with both short and long extensions that you combine with
standard front rails to create a pair of rails that are the right depth for your rack.
Short extension
These pegs engage the
slots in the extension.
Rail
Long extension
mm Slide a matching rear extension onto each of the two front rails.
Engage the pegs
in both slots.
The extension goes on
the outside of the rail.
This end is up.
This notch should
be on the bottom.
Chapter 1 Installing the Xserve
13
Step 3: Install the rails loosely in the rack
1 Place an assembled rail in the rack (it will support itself temporarily while you gather
the fasteners). The way you fit the rail depends on the rack.
ÂÂ If you have a square-hole rack, start with the rail flanges inside the posts and expand
the rail between the front and rear posts until the small round guide on each flange
extends through the rail.
14
Expand the rails
so they fit inside
the rack posts.
Position the spacer
on the outside of the
post, and over the
threaded guide on the rail.
Position the spacer so the small
block on the back engages the
square hole in the rack support.
Use the screws that came
with the rail to secure the
spacer to the rail.
Chapter 1 Installing the Xserve
ÂÂ If you have a threaded-hole rack, start with the rail flanges outside the rack posts and
compress the rail into position.
Position the spacer
over the threaded guide
on the rail assembly.
Compress the rails
so that they fit on the
outside of the rack posts.
This end is up.
Use either eight 10-32 or eight
M5 screws (supplied), depending on
which type your rack requires.
2 Slide a spacer, with the arrow up, over the small round guide at the ends of each rail
and install the mounting screws finger tight.
Don’t tighten the mounting screws until you align the rails in the next step.
Chapter 1 Installing the Xserve
15
Step 4: Align and secure the rails
To make sure the Xserve slides easily in and out of the rack, use the alignment guide to
position the rails in the rack before you tighten the mounting screws.
1 Insert the alignment guide in the front of the rails.
Insert the alignment
guide into the rails
and tighten all the screws.
2 Tighten the front mounting screws
Important: If you have a square-hole rack, make sure the raised alignment block on
the back of each mounting spacer is seated properly in the hole in the rack post as you
tighten the screws.
3 Tighten the rear mounting screws.
4 Remove the alignment guide.
16
Chapter 1 Installing the Xserve
Step 5: Slide the Xserve into the rack
1 Guide the slides on the Xserve into the channels on the rails.
Important: Make sure both the left and right slides on the Xserve go inside the rail
channels. If you have difficulty, set aside the Xserve and use the alignment guide to
check the spacing between the rails.
Optical drive protector
Thumbscrews
2 Slide the Xserve into the rack until it stops.
3 Tighten the thumbscrews at each end of the front panel to secure the Xserve in the
rack.
4 Remove the plastic optical drive protector.
Important: Keep the protector and return it to the drive slot whenever you move the
Xserve to another location or pack it for shipping.
Chapter 1 Installing the Xserve
17
Step 6: Connect the cables
1 Connect a power cord to the power supply and secure it with the wire clip.
The fan in the power supply and some system status lights come on when you connect
the power cord, before you turn on the Xserve.
2 Connect the network cables.
If you’re using only one Ethernet cable, connect it to port 1.
18
Serial console port
Mini DisplayPort
System identifier
button/light
System information tag
(pullout tab)
Chapter 1 Installing the Xserve
Ethernet port 2
Ethernet port 1
FireWire 800
ports (2)
Power supply
bay 1
USB 2.0 ports (2)
Power supply
bay 2
Step 7: Connect a keyboard, display, and mouse (optional)
You can connect a display, keyboard, and mouse directly to the Xserve. You can also
manage the Xserve without connecting a display or keyboard by using tools such as
Server Admin, Server Monitor, Apple Remote Desktop, and the command line.
Mini DisplayPort
USB 2.0 ports (2)
VGA adapter
1 Connect the keyboard to one of the USB ports on the back panel.
2 Connect the mouse to the second USB port or to the keyboard.
3 Connect the video cable to the Mini DisplayPort on the back panel. If necessary, use a
VGA or DVI adapter, sold separately.
Chapter 1 Installing the Xserve
19
Where to Go from Here
When you finish installing the Xserve, look in the following guides for information
about starting up, configuring, and using it.
Starting Up the Xserve
The Xserve User Guide (a PDF file on the Admin Tools disc) includes:
ÂÂ An overview of Xserve controls and components
ÂÂ
ÂÂ
ÂÂ
ÂÂ
Information about how to start up and shut down the Xserve
Tips for monitoring the status of the Xserve and the services it hosts
Instructions for updating or reinstalling the server software
Solutions to some common problems
Configuring the Server Software
The first time you turn on the Xserve, Server Assistant asks you for basic information
that Mac OS X Server needs in order to start up and connect to the network. For help
with the setup process, see Mac OS X Server: Getting Started on the Admin Tools disc that
comes with the Xserve.
Setting Up RAID Volumes
If your Xserve includes an Xserve RAID Card, see the RAID Utility User Guide (available
at www.apple.com/xserve/resources.html) or the RAID Utility onscreen help for
information about setting up RAID sets and volumes using the Xserve drive modules.
20
Chapter 1 Installing the Xserve
Installing or Replacing
Components
2
This chapter shows how to install or replace drive
modules and internal Xserve components.
You can install or replace these components while the Xserve is in the rack:
ÂÂ Drive module (page 24)
ÂÂ Power supply (page 28)
To install or replace these components, you must remove the Xserve from the rack and
open it:
ÂÂ Memory (page 33)
ÂÂ PCI Express card (page 38)
ÂÂ Battery (page 43)
For a quick glance inside the Xserve, turn the page.
21
Xserve at a Glance—Internal Components
Power supply
bay 2
Power supply
bay 1
Expansion slot 1
Expansion slot 2
DIMM
slots
Fan array
Battery
Rack
release latch
SSD (optional)
22
Drive bay 1
Chapter 2 Installing or Replacing Components
Drive bay 2
Drive bay 3
Power supply bays
You can install one or two power supplies in the Xserve. When two supplies are installed,
they share the load. If one supply fails, the other takes over the full load. See “Installing or
Replacing a Power Supply” on page 28.
Expansion slots
You can install a half-length (6.6 inch) PCI-E card in slot 1 and a 9 inch PCI-E card in slot 2.
See “Installing a PCI Express Card” on page 38.
DIMM slots
You can install up to twelve error-correcting dual inline memory modules (DIMMs) in
these slots. See “Adding Memory” on page 33.
Fan array
The fan array draws cooling air through the Xserve from front to back.
Drive bays
You can install SATA (Serial ATA) Apple Drive Modules or qualified third-party SAS (Serial
Attached SCSI) drive modules. See “Installing or Replacing a Drive Module” on page 24.
Solid-state drive (SSD)
If you ordered your system with an SSD, the Xserve comes with the SSD set up as the
startup disk.
Rack release latch
This latch stops the Xserve about halfway out of the rack. Press to release.
Battery
The battery on the main logic board powers the system clock and preserves basic
system settings (in NVRAM) when power supplies are disconnected. See “Replacing the
Battery” on page 43.
Chapter 2 Installing or Replacing Components
23
Installing or Replacing a Drive Module
If you’re not using an Xserve RAID Card, the drive modules in the Xserve are hotpluggable, so you can add, remove, or replace them while the Xserve is operating.
A status light on the drive handle indicates when it’s safe to remove a drive without risk
to the information stored on it.
If you are using an Xserve RAID Card, you can replace a failed drive while the Xserve is
operating. However, if you want to replace an entire RAID set, turn off the Xserve before
you move the drives.
About Drive Modules for the Xserve
The Xserve accepts both SATA (Serial ATA) Apple Drive Modules and qualified thirdparty SAS (Serial Attached SCSI) drive modules. For information on qualified drive
modules, go to www.apple.com/store. If you are using an Xserve RAID Card, be sure to
use drive modules that are all the same size and type.
To install or replace a drive module:
1 If the Xserve case is locked, use the enclosure key to unlock the security lock on the
front panel.
2 Remove the blank drive module or the drive module that’s currently installed.
24
Chapter 2 Installing or Replacing Components
If there is a blank drive module in the bay, press the handle on the front to pop it out.
Then pull the module out and put it in a safe place.
Press the blank drive
module to pop out the handle.
Chapter 2 Installing or Replacing Components
25
Important: Save the blank drive module. Always keep a blank drive module in any
unused drive bay to maintain proper airflow through the Xserve.
Remove the blank
drive module from the bay.
If there is a drive module already in the bay:
a Make sure the drive currently in the bay is not being used by any application or
being shared by the Xserve.
b Press the handle on the drive module so the handle pops out.
c Wait for the green, upper disk status light to go off. Then grasp the handle and
pull the drive module out of the bay. If the light doesn’t go out after 20 seconds,
an application probably has a file open on the drive.
26
Chapter 2 Installing or Replacing Components
3 Pick up the drive module you are installing, press and release its handle to open it,
and slide the module into the bay until it is firmly seated.
4 Press the handle in flush with the front panel.
The disk status light turns green to indicate normal operation.
Chapter 2 Installing or Replacing Components
27
Installing or Replacing a Power Supply
You can install or replace a power supply from the back panel without removing the
Xserve from the rack. If the Xserve has two power supplies, they are hot-swappable;
the Xserve continues to operate using only one supply while the second is removed.
Important: Install power supplies with a rating of at least 750 watts. The power supplies
from some earlier Xserves are rated at less than 750 watts.
To remove a power supply:
1 Unplug the power cord from the power supply you are removing.
2 Pull the handle to release the power supply and slide it out of the bay.
WARNING: The power supplies in a running Xserve might be hot.
Pull the handle to unlatch the
power supply and remove it.
To add a second power
supply, use the notch in the
power supply bay cover to
rotate the cover outward.
Remove and save the cover.
28
Chapter 2 Installing or Replacing Components
To install a power supply:
1 Pull open the handle on the new power supply, press on the wire fan screen (not the
handle) to slide the supply all the way into the bay, and then press the handle closed to
seat the power supply and lock it in place.
Fan grille
Handle
Attach the power cable
retainer to the power
supply, and clip it over
the power cable to hold
the cable securely in place.
Push on the fan grille
and not the handle
when inserting the
power supply.
2 Connect the power cord to the power supply.
If the Xserve is already running on a second power supply, the status light on the new
supply turns green to indicate normal operation as it starts sharing the load. If the
Xserve isn’t turned on, the supply status light blinks green when the power cord is
plugged in to an outlet with power.
Chapter 2 Installing or Replacing Components
29
Opening and Closing the Xserve
Before you can install or replace memory, PCI cards, or the system battery, you need to
shut down the Xserve, remove it from the rack, and open it.
Working Safely Inside the Xserve
Always touch the Xserve chassis to discharge static electricity before you handle
any components inside the Xserve. To avoid generating static electricity, do not walk
around the room until you have finished installing the expansion card, memory,
or other internal component and have replaced the Xserve cover. To minimize the
possibility of damage due to static discharge, wear an antistatic wrist strap while you
work inside the Xserve.
To open the Xserve:
1 Shut down the Xserve (see the Xserve User Guide for help) and then wait a few minutes
to let the Xserve internal components cool.
WARNING: Always shut down the Xserve before opening it to avoid damaging its
internal components or the components you want to install. Don’t open the Xserve or
try to install items inside while it is turned on. Even after you shut down the Xserve,
its internal components can be very hot. Let it cool down before you open it.
2 If the Xserve case is locked, use the enclosure key to unlock the security lock on the
front panel.
3 Unplug all cables from the Xserve.
If you have trouble releasing a cable from the back panel, try using a small screwdriver
or other flat tool to depress the tab on the cable connector.
30
Chapter 2 Installing or Replacing Components
4 Loosen the thumbscrews at both ends of the front panel.
5 Grasp the thumbscrews and pull the Xserve forward until the safety latches engage
(about halfway out of the rack).
Latches
Thumbscrews
6 When the safety latches engage, grip the Xserve where it emerges from the rack, press
down on the latch tabs with your thumbs, and slide the Xserve the rest of the way out
of the rack rails. Set the Xserve on a flat surface.
7 Loosen the thumbscrews at the back of the top cover and slide the cover back and up
to remove it.
If you have difficulty removing the cover, check the enclosure lock on the front panel.
Chapter 2 Installing or Replacing Components
31
Important: To minimize the possibility of damage to Xserve components due to static
discharge, wear an antistatic wrist strap while you work inside the Xserve.
Slide the cover back and lift it off.
Unscrew the two
captive thumbscrews.
8 When you’re finished working inside the Xserve, replace and secure the cover, slide the
Xserve back into the rack, and tighten the front thumbscrews to secure the Xserve in
the rack. If the server case was locked, use the enclosure key to lock the security lock
on the front panel.
32
Chapter 2 Installing or Replacing Components
Adding Memory
The Xserve has 12 memory slots. The systems come with at least 3 GB of memory on
three 1 GB DIMMs. To improve performance and capacity, you can install up to twelve
DIMMs.
You can use the following memory in the Xserve:
ÂÂ 1066 MHz DDR3 ECC (Error Correcting Code) DIMMs
ÂÂ 1 GB, 2 GB, or 4 GB DIMMs (optimally, 6 or 12 identical DIMMs for a dual-CPU Xserve
and 3 or 6 identical DIMMs for a single-CPU Xserve)
Important: Apple recommends that you use Apple-approved DIMMs. Other DIMMs
might degrade the performance of the Xserve. DIMMs from older Xserve systems are
not compatible with this Xserve. You can purchase Apple-approved memory online
from the Apple Store at www.apple.com/store.
Before you purchase DIMMs other than those recommended by Apple, make sure that
the memory manufacturer conforms to the Joint Electron Device Engineering Council
(JEDEC) specification. Make sure that the DIMMs support the correct timing modes and
that the Serial Presence Detect (SPD) feature has been implemented in accordance
with the JEDEC specification. To check DIMM compatibility, see the Macintosh Products
Guide on Apple’s website at www.apple.com/guide.
Chapter 2 Installing or Replacing Components
33
The 12 memory slots are labeled A1 through A6 and B1 through B6, in interleaved
fashion. Single-CPU systems might not have B slots.
(Back)
B3 B6 B2 B5 B1 B4
CPU B
A4 A1 A5 A2 A6 A3
CPU A
(Front)
34
Chapter 2 Installing or Replacing Components
Installation Guidelines
For the best Xserve performance, install identical DIMMs as shown in the following
table.
Number of DIMMs
Install in these slots:
3 (single or dual CPU)
A1 A2 A3
4 (dual CPU)
B
A
A1 A2
B1 B2
6 (single CPU)
A1 A2 A3 A4 A5 A6
6 (dual CPU)
A1 A2 A3
B1 B2 B3
8 (dual CPU)
A1 A2 A3 A4
B1 B2 B3 B4
10 (dual CPU)
A1 A2 A3 A4 A5
B1 B2 B3 B4 B5
12 (dual CPU)
A1 A2 A3 A4 A5 A6
B1 B2 B3 B4 B5 B6
Chapter 2 Installing or Replacing Components
35
For Best Performance
For the best possible performance from a dual-CPU Xserve, install six or twelve identical
DIMMs in the slots shown in the table above. For a single-CPU Xserve, install three or
six identical DIMMs. The Memory Slot Utility will advise you if your DIMM configuration
can be improved. The utility runs automatically the first time you start up the Xserve
after changing the memory configuration, or you can run it at any time from /System/
Library/CoreServices/Memory Slot Utility.
To install memory:
1 Review the memory installation rules and make sure you have the right type of DIMMs.
2 Shut down the Xserve and unplug all cables.
Important: Be sure the Xserve is turned off and the power cords are unplugged before
you install or remove memory.
3 Remove the Xserve from the rack and open it. For instructions, see “Opening and
Closing the Xserve” on page 30.
WARNING: Always wait 5 to 10 minutes for the Xserve to cool down before you try
to install memory. DIMMs that are already installed and other components near the
DIMM slots may be very hot.
4 Open the ejectors on a slot by pushing them outward.
Important: Don’t touch the gold connectors on the DIMMs.
5 Without touching its gold connectors, align a DIMM in the slot and push straight down
on both ends until the DIMM is seated and the ejectors snap upright.
36
Chapter 2 Installing or Replacing Components
6 Repeat for additional DIMMs.
Ejectors
Notch
Connectors
7 When you restart the Xserve, watch for the Memory Slot Utility’s evaluation of your
new memory configuration.
Chapter 2 Installing or Replacing Components
37
Installing a PCI Express Card
The Xserve has two PCI Express (PCI-E) slots:
ÂÂ Slot 1 accepts 6.6 inch PCI-E cards
ÂÂ Slot 2 accepts 9 inch PCI-E cards
To install a card, you first insert it into the included riser, and then insert the riser into
the slot. Both slots accept the PCI-E riser shown below.
Connectors on PCI Express x16 riser
About PCI Express Cards for the Xserve
The Xserve accepts cards that meet these specifications:
ÂÂ x16 PCI-E cards
ÂÂ 6.6 inch maximum length (slot 1), 9 inch (slot 2)
ÂÂ 25 W maximum power consumption per card
To install a PCI-E card:
1 Shut down the Xserve and unplug all cables.
Important: Be sure the Xserve is turned off and the power cords are unplugged before
you install or remove a PCI-E card or riser.
2 Remove the Xserve from the rack and open it. For instructions, see “Opening and
Closing the Xserve” on page 30.
38
Chapter 2 Installing or Replacing Components
WARNING: Always wait 5 to 10 minutes for the Xserve to cool down before you work
around the PCI-E slots. Components near the slots may be very hot.
Expansion slot 1
(PCI Express x16)
Expansion slot 2
(PCI Express x16)
Chapter 2 Installing or Replacing Components
39
3 Loosen the two captive screws that secure the riser bracket to the back panel and
gently pull the bracket and riser straight up and out of the slot.
Captive screws
4 Remove the screw on the riser bracket, and then remove the port access cover.
40
Chapter 2 Installing or Replacing Components
5 Seat the card in the riser slot and replace the screw to secure the card in the riser.
Screw
PCI card
PCI riser
Chapter 2 Installing or Replacing Components
41
6 Align the riser with the slot on the main logic board and press to seat it.
7 Tighten the captive screws that secure the riser bracket to the back panel.
8 Return the Xserve to the rack and start it up.
9 Configure the card.
To configure an Ethernet card, open the Network pane of System Preferences.
To configure a Fibre Channel card, open Fibre Channel pane of System Preferences.
42
Chapter 2 Installing or Replacing Components
Replacing the Battery
The Xserve uses a BR 2032 lithium coin cell battery to preserve settings such as the
date and time when the system is not connected to power. If the date and time change
unexpectedly or other system settings are lost, you might need to replace the battery.
For best results, purchase a replacement battery from an Apple Authorized Service
Provider.
Captive screws (5)
Airflow duct
The positive (+) side faces up.
Chapter 2 Installing or Replacing Components
43
To replace the battery:
1 Shut down the Xserve and unplug all cables.
Important: Be sure the Xserve is turned off and the power cords are unplugged before
you replace the battery.
2 Remove the Xserve from the rack and open it. For instructions, see “Opening and
Closing the Xserve” on page 30.
WARNING: Always wait 5 to 10 minutes for the Xserve to cool down before you try to
replace the battery. Components near the battery may be very hot.
3 Loose the captive screws in the fan airflow duct and remove it.
4 Remove the old battery from the holder.
WARNING: To avoid risk of explosion, replace the battery only with type BR 2032.
5 Insert the new battery in the holder with the positive (+) side facing up.
6 Replace the fan airflow duct and tighten the screws gently.
7 Close the Xserve and return it to the rack.
Important: Dispose of the old battery according to the manufacturer’s instructions and
your local environmental laws. See the battery disposal information in the “Regulatory
Compliance Information” section at the end of this guide.
44
Chapter 2 Installing or Replacing Components
A
Appendix
Specifications
Dimensions
ÂÂ Height: 1.73 in. (4.4 cm) (1U)
ÂÂ Width: 17.6 in. (44.7 cm) for mounting in standard 19-in. rack
ÂÂ Depth: 30 in. (76.2 cm)
Weight
ÂÂ 32 lb. (14.5 kg) with 3 DIMMs, 1 drive module, and 1 power supply
ÂÂ 39 lb. (17.5 kg) with 12 DIMMs, 3 drive modules, and 2 power supplies
Operating Environment
ÂÂ Operating temperature: 50° to 95° F (10° to 35° C)
ÂÂ Storage temperature: –40° to 116° F (–40° to 47° C)
ÂÂ Relative humidity: 5% to 95% (noncondensing)
ÂÂ Altitude: 0 to 10,000 feet (0 to 3048 meters)
Processors
ÂÂ One or two 2.26, 2.66, or 2.93 gigahertz (GHz) Quad-Core Intel Xeon 5500 processors
ÂÂ 8 megabytes (MB) shared L3 cache per processor
ÂÂ Two Intel QuickPath Interconnect point-to-point links allowing up to 6.4
gigatransfers per second
45
ÂÂ Integrated memory controller with three independent DDR3-1066 memory channels
per processor
Random-Access Memory
ÂÂ 1066 MHz DDR3 ECC DIMMs (dual inline memory modules with address and data
protection using error-correcting code)
ÂÂ 12 DIMM slots accepting 1 GB, 2 GB, or 4 GB DIMMS
Optical Drive
ÂÂ Slot-loading 24x (CD) / 8x (DVD) dual-layer SuperDrive
ÂÂ Disc types supported: CD–R, CD–RW, DVD–R, DVD–R DL, DVD–RW, DVD+R, DVD+R DL,
DVD+RW
ÂÂ Disc dimensions supported: 12 cm (4.7 in.)
PCI-E Expansion Slot 1
ÂÂ Accepts an x16 PCI-E (Express) card in a matching riser
ÂÂ Maximum card length: 6.6 inches (16.7 cm)
ÂÂ Maximum power consumption: 25 W
PCI-E Expansion Slot 2
ÂÂ Accepts an x16 PCI-E card in a matching riser
ÂÂ Maximum card length: 9 inches (22.8 cm)
ÂÂ Maximum power consumption: 25 W
System Battery
ÂÂ Long-life BR 2032 lithium coin cell battery
46
Appendix A Specifications
Ethernet
ÂÂ IEEE 802.3 compliant
ÂÂ
ÂÂ
ÂÂ
ÂÂ
ÂÂ
ÂÂ
Maximum cable length: 100 meters (m)
Connectors: RJ-45 for 10Base-TX, 100Base-TX, and 1000Base-TX
Media, 10Base-TX: Category 3 or higher UTP on 2 pairs up to 100 m
Media, 100Base-TX: Category 5 UTP on 2 pairs up to 100 m
Media, 1000Base-TX: Category 5 and 6 UTP on 4 pairs up to 100 m
Channel speeds: IEEE Auto Negotiation of 10Base-TX, 100Base-TX, and 1000Base-TX
FireWire
ÂÂ Data transfer speed: 100, 200, up to 400, and up to 800 megabits per second
ÂÂ Two FireWire 800 ports (back panel)
With an appropriate cable, the FireWire 800 ports work with all FireWire devices.
Cables are available for connecting a 9-pin port to a 4-pin, 6-pin, or 9-pin device.
ÂÂ Output voltage range: Approximately 12 to 30 V
ÂÂ Output power range: Up to 15 W
USB
ÂÂ Support for USB 2.0
ÂÂ
ÂÂ
ÂÂ
ÂÂ
Three external Universal Serial Bus (USB) Type A ports
Separate 480 megabit per second (Mbit/s) USB channel for each port
500 milliamperes (mA) at 5 V available per port for a total of 2.5 ampere (A)
Any one port can supply 1.5 W (the other two ports then supply 500 mW)
Appendix A Specifications
47
Power Supply
ÂÂ One or two 750 W power supplies
ÂÂ AC line input: 100–240 V alternating current (AC), single phase, 50–60 hertz (Hz)
ÂÂ Maximum AC line current: 9.5 A (100–127 V) or 5 A (200–240 V). If two power supplies
are installed, they split this load.
Serial Port
ÂÂ 9-pin D connector
1 2 3 4 5
6 7 8 9
ÂÂ Pin signals
1: Received line signal detector (RLSD)
2: Received data (RD)
3: Transmitted data (TD)
4: DTE ready (DRT CD)
5: Signal ground (SGND)
6: DCE ready (DCR CC)
7: Request to send (RTS)
8: Clear to send (CTS)
9: Ring indicator (RI)
48
Appendix A Specifications
B
Appendix
Safety and Maintenance
Important Safety Information
For your own safety and that of your equipment, always take the following precautions.
Important: The only way to shut off power completely is to unplug the power cord.
Make sure at least one end of the power cord is within easy reach, so you can unplug
the Xserve when you need to.
Disconnect the power plug (by pulling the plug, not the cord) if any of the following
conditions exist:
ÂÂ You want to remove any parts (leave the cord disconnected as long as the cover
is off).
ÂÂ
ÂÂ
ÂÂ
ÂÂ
ÂÂ
ÂÂ
The power cord or plug becomes frayed or otherwise damaged.
You spill something into the case.
The Xserve is exposed to rain or any other excessive moisture.
The Xserve has been dropped or the case has been otherwise damaged.
You suspect that the Xserve needs service or repair.
You want to clean the case (use only the recommended procedure described later).
Be sure that you always do the following:
ÂÂ Keep the Xserve away from sources of liquid, such as washbasins, bathtubs, shower
stalls, and so on.
49
ÂÂ Protect the Xserve from dampness or wet weather, such as rain and snow.
ÂÂ Read all the installation instructions carefully before you plug the Xserve into a
grounded electrical outlet or power strip.
ÂÂ Keep these instructions handy for reference by you and others.
ÂÂ Follow all instructions and warnings dealing with the Xserve.
Electrical equipment may be hazardous if misused.
The model of server described in this manual is certified only as a component for use
with other equipment, where the suitability of the combination has been determined
by a Nationally Recognized Testing Laboratory.
Handling the Xserve
Follow these guidelines for handling the Xserve and its components:
ÂÂ When the Xserve is removed from the rack, set it on a sturdy, flat surface.
Important: Do not put a display or any other device on top of the Xserve. Any
weight on top of the case could damage essential components inside the Xserve.
ÂÂ When connecting or disconnecting a cable, always hold the cable by its connector
(the plug, not the cord).
ÂÂ Certain components and cables—hard disks, a VGA monitor, FireWire, Ethernet, and
USB devices—are designed to be installed or removed while the Xserve is turned on
and operating.
ÂÂ Never force a connector into a port. If the connector and port do not join with
reasonable ease, they probably don’t match. Make sure that the connector matches
the port and that you have positioned the connector correctly in relation to the port.
50
Appendix B Safety and Maintenance
ÂÂ Take care not to spill any food or liquid on the Xserve or other components. If you
do, turn off the Xserve immediately and unplug it before cleaning up the spill.
Arrange for an Apple Authorized Service Provider to inspect or repair the Xserve.
ÂÂ Protect the Xserve and its components from direct sunlight and rain or other
moisture.
ÂÂ Keep all ventilation openings clear and unobstructed. Without proper air circulation,
components can overheat, causing damage or unreliable operation.
Protecting the Optical Drive
To keep the optical drive working properly:
ÂÂ In an emergency, you can eject a disc by holding down the mouse button as the
system starts up. If no mouse is attached, you can eject the disc by using the front
panel controls to start up from the optical drive. For instructions, see the Xserve User
Guide on the Admin Tools disc that comes with the Xserve.
Whenever possible, eject the disc before shutting down.
Power Supply
The power supply in the Xserve is a high-voltage component that should not be
opened for any reason, even when the computer is off. If the power supply needs
service, contact an Apple Authorized Service Provider.
Appendix B Safety and Maintenance
51
Cleaning the Xserve
Follow these recommendations when cleaning the outside of the Xserve:
ÂÂ Use a damp, soft, lint-free cloth to clean the exterior. Avoid getting moisture in any
openings.
ÂÂ Don’t use aerosol sprays, solvents, or abrasives.
Cleaning the Xserve Case
To clean the case:
1 Turn off the computer completely and then disconnect the power plug (pull the plug,
not the cord).
2 Wipe the surfaces lightly with a clean, soft cloth dampened with water.
Apple and the Environment
Apple recognizes its responsibility to minimize the environmental impacts of its
operations and products. For more information, go to www.apple.com/environment.
52
Appendix B Safety and Maintenance
Health-Related Information About Computer Use
In most instances, you’ll probably set up and administer the Xserve from a remote
location, such as an administrator computer on the same network. If you work at the
server rack for extended periods, be sure to follow these guidelines for avoiding muscle
soreness, eye fatigue, or other discomfort associated with computer use:
ÂÂ If feasible in the server location, use an adjustable chair that provides firm,
comfortable support. The back of the chair should support your lower back (lumbar
region). Follow the manufacturer’s instructions for adjusting the backrest to fit your
body properly.
ÂÂ When using a keyboard at the server location, your shoulders should be relaxed. Your
upper arm and forearm should form an approximate right angle, with your wrist
and hand roughly in a straight line. Depending on the location of the display and
keyboard connected to the Xserve, you may have to adjust the height of your chair
so that you can maintain a comfortable position. Your feet should be flat on the floor
or on a footrest.
Appendix B Safety and Maintenance
53
Regulatory Compliance Information
FCC Compliance Statement
Industry Canada Statement
This equipment has been tested and found to comply
with the limits for a class A digital device pursuant
to Part 15 of the FCC Rules. These limits are designed
to provide reasonable protection against harmful
interference when the equipment is operated in a
commercial environment. This equipment generates,
uses, and can radiate radio frequency energy and,
if not installed and used in accordance with the
manufacturer’s instruction manual, may cause harmful
interference with radio communications. Operation of
this equipment in a residential area is likely to cause
harmful interference, in which case you will be required
to correct the interference at your own expense.
Complies with the Canadian ICES-003 Class A
specifications. Cet appareil numérique de la classe A est
conforme à la norme NMB-003 du Canada.
Shielded Cable Statement & Modification Statement
This product was tested for EMC compliance under
conditions that included the use of Apple peripheral
devices and Apple shielded cables and connectors
between system components. It is important that you
use Apple peripheral devices and shielded cables and
connectors between system components to reduce the
possibility of causing interference to radios, television
sets, and other electronic devices. You can obtain Apple
peripheral devices and the proper shielded cables and
connectors through an Apple-authorized dealer. For
non-Apple peripheral devices, contact the manufacturer
or dealer for assistance.
Important: Changes or modifications to this product
not authorized by Apple Inc. could void the EMC
compliance and negate your authority to operate the
product.
54
Statement for Norway
Dette utstyret har blitt evaluert og er egnet for bruk på
et IT-Power-system.
Statement for Germany
Das Produkt ist nicht für den Einsatz an
Bildschirmarbeitsplätzen im Sinne § 2 der
Bildschirmarbeitsplatzverordnung geeignet.
Die arbeitsplatzbezogene Geräuschemission des Gerätes
beträgt <70 dB(A).
VCCI Class A Statement
Europe-EU Declaration of Conformity
See www.apple.com/euro/compliance
CISPR 22 & EN55022 Statement
WARNING: This is a Class A product. In a domestic
environment this product may cause radio
interference, in which case the user may be
required to take adequate measures.
Taiwan Class A Warning
Korea Class A Warning
Do not attempt to disassemble the cabinet containing
the laser. The laser beam used in this product is harmful
to the eyes. The use of optical instruments, such as
magnifying lenses, with this product increases the
potential hazard to your eyes. For your safety, have
this equipment serviced only by an Apple Authorized
Service Provider.
If you have an internal Apple CD-ROM, DVD-ROM, or
DVD-RAM drive in your computer, your computer is a
Class 1 laser product. The Class 1 label, located in a useraccessible area, indicates that the drive meets minimum
safety requirements. A service warning label is located
in a service-accessible area. The labels on your product
may differ slightly from the ones shown here.
China Class A Warning
Laser Information
WARNING: Making adjustments or performing
procedures other than those specified in your
equipment’s manual may result in hazardous
radiation exposure.
High-Risk Activities Warning
This computer system is not intended for use in the
operation of nuclear facilities, aircraft navigation or
communications systems, or air traffic control machines,
or for any other uses where the failure of the computer
system could lead to death, personal injury or severe
environmental damage.
55
Disposal and Recycling Information
This symbol indicates that your product must be
disposed of properly according to local laws and
regulations. When your product reaches its end of life,
contact Apple or your local authorities to learn about
recycling options.
For information about Apple’s recycling program, go to
www.apple.com/environment/recycling.
Battery Disposal Information
When replacing the internal battery, dispose of the
spent battery according to your local environmental
laws and guidelines.
Nederlands: Gebruikte batterijen kunnen worden
ingeleverd bij de chemokar of in een speciale
batterijcontainer voor klein chemisch afval (kca) worden
gedeponeerd.
Deutschland: Das Gerät enthält Batterien. Diese gehören
nicht in den Hausmüll. Sie können verbrauchte Batterien
beim Handel oder bei den Kommunen unentgeltlich
abgeben.Um Kurzschlüsse zu vermeiden, kleben Sie die
Pole der Batterien vorsorglich mit einem Klebestreifen
ab.
Taiwan:
56
European Union—Disposal Information:
The symbol above means that according to local laws
and regulations your product should be disposed of
separately from household waste. When this product
reaches its end of life, take it to a collection point
designated by local authorities. Some collection points
accept products for free. The separate collection and
recycling of your product at the time of disposal will
help conserve natural resources and ensure that it is
recycled in a manner that protects human health and
the environment.
Union Européenne: informations sur l’élimination
Le symbole ci-dessus signifie que vous devez vous
débarasser de votre produit sans le mélanger avec les
ordures ménagères, selon les normes et la législation
de votre pays. Lorsque ce produit n’est plus utilisable,
portezle dans un centre de traitement des déchets
agréé par les autorités locales. Certains centres
acceptent les produits gratuitement. Le traitement
et le recyclage séparé de votre produit lors de son
élimination aideront à préserver les ressources
naturelles et à protéger l’environnement et la santé des
êtres humains.
Europäische Union – Informationen zur Entsorgung
Das Symbol oben bedeutet, dass dieses Produkt
entsprechend den geltenden gesetzlichen Vorschriften
und getrennt vom Hausmüll entsorgt werden muss.
Geben Sie dieses Produkt zur Entsorgung bei einer
offiziellen Sammelstelle ab. Bei einigen Sammelstellen
können Produkte zur Entsorgung unentgeltlich
abgegeben werden. Durch das separate Sammeln
und Recycling werden die natürlichen Ressourcen
geschont und es ist sichergestellt, dass beim Recycling
des Produkts alle Bestimmungen zum Schutz von
Gesundheit und Umwelt beachtet werden.
Unione Europea: informazioni per lo smaltimento
Il simbolo qui sopra significa che, in base alle leggi
e alle norme locali, il prodotto dovrebbe essere
smaltito separatamente dai rifi uti casalinghi. Quando
il prodotto diventa inutilizzabile, portalo nel punto di
raccolta stabilito dalle autorità locali. Alcuni punti di
raccolta accettano i prodotti gratuitamente. La raccolta
separata e il riciclaggio del prodotto al momento dello
smaltimento aiutano a conservare le risorse naturali e
assicurano che venga riciclato nel rispetto della salute
umana e dell’ambiente.
57
Europeiska unionen – uttjänta produkter
Symbolen ovan betyder att produkten enligt lokala
lagar och bestämmelser inte får kastas tillsammans
med hushållsavfallet. När produkten har tjänat ut
måste den tas till en återvinningsstation som utsetts
av lokala myndigheter. Vissa återvinningsstationer tar
kostnadsfritt hand om uttjänta produkter. Genom att
låta den uttjänta produkten tas om hand för återvinning
hjälper du till att spara naturresurser och skydda hälsa
och miljö.
58
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