lkf-100 rev09

lkf-100 rev09
®
MANUAL: ThunderFog & QuadraFog
Instruction Manual
INSTRUCTIONS FOR SAFE OPERATION AND MAINTENANCE
WARNING
Read instruction manual before use. Operation of this device without understanding the
manual and receiving proper training is a misuse of this equipment. A person who has not
read and understood all operating and safety instructions is not qualified to operate the
Thunderfog or Quadrafog nozzle.
This instruction manual is intended to familiarize firefighters and maintenance personnel
with the operation, servicing and safety procedures associated with the Thunderfog and
Quadrafog nozzles.
This manual should be kept available to all operating and maintenance personnel.
30 60
95
125 150 200
TASK FORCE TIPS, Inc.
MADE IN USA •www.tft.com
©Copyright Task Force Tips, Inc. 2002-2006
2800 E. Evans Ave, Valparaiso, IN 46383-6940 USA
800-348-2686 • 219-462-6161 • Fax 219-464-7155
LKF-100 January 20, 2006 Rev09
TABLE OF CONTENTS
1.0
MEANING OF SAFETY SIGNAL WORDS
2.0
GENERAL INFORMATION
2.1
VARIOUS MODELS AND TERMS
2.2
NOZZLE COUPLINGS
3.0
FLOW CHARACTERISTICS
4.0
NOZZLE CONTROLS
4.1
BALL VALVE SHUTOFF
4.2
SELECTOR RING
4.2.1 FLOW SETTING
4.2.1 FLUSH SETTING
4.3
PATTERN CONTROL
5
FIREGROUND USE
6.0
FIELD INSPECTION
7.0
REPAIR
8.0
WARRANTY
9.0
ANSWERS TO YOUR QUESTIONS
10.0 INSPECTION CHECKLIST
DANGER
PERSONAL RESPONSIBILITY CODE
The member companies of FEMSA that provide emergency response
equipment and services want responders to know and understand the
following:
1. Firefighting and Emergency Response are inherently dangerous
activities requiring proper training in their hazards and the use of
extreme caution at all times.
2. It is your responsibility to read and understand any user’s instructions
provided with any piece of equipment you may be called upon to use.
3. It is your responsibility to know that you have been properly trained in
Firefighting and /or Emergency Response and in the use, precautions,
and care of any equipment you may be called upon to use.
4. It is your responsibility to be in proper physical condition and to
maintain the personal skill level required to operate any equipment you
may be called upon to use.
5. It is your responsibility to know that your equipment is in operable
condition and has been maintained in accordance with the
manufacturer’s instructions.
6. Failure to follow these guidelines may result in death, burns or other
severe injury.
FEMSA
Fire and Emergency Manufacturers and Services Association, Inc.
P.O. Box 147, Lynnfield, MA 01940 • www.FEMSA.org
1.0 MEANING OF SAFETY SIGNAL WORDS
A safety related message is identified by a safety alert symbol and a signal word to indicate the level of risk involved
with a particular hazard. Per ANSI standard Z535.4-1998 the definitions of the three signal words are as follows:
DANGER
DANGER indicates an imminently hazardous situation which, if not avoided, will result in
death or serious injury.
WARNING
WARNING indicates a potentially hazardous situation which, if not avoided, could result
in death or serious injury.
CAUTION
CAUTION indicates a potentially hazardous situation which, if not avoided, may result in
minor or moderate injury.
2.0 GENERAL INFORMATION
This manual describes nozzles calibrated at 100 psi (7 bar) and 75 psi (5 bar). Contact factory for data specific to models
that operate with metric flow calibrations.
Quadrafog and Thunderfog are economical, lightweight, and dependable nozzles. Their rugged construction is
compatible with the use of fresh water (see section 5.0 for saltwater use) as well as firefighting foam solutions. Other
important operating features are:
• Quick-acting pattern control from straight stream to wide fog
• Fixed fog teeth
• Stainless steel spinning fog teeth available on some models
• Stainless steel shutoff ball
• Easily flushable while flowing to clear trapped debris
• Quick-change rear valve seat
• Task Force Tips five-year warranty and unsurpassed customer service
2
DANGER
An inadequate supply of nozzle pressure and/or flow will cause an ineffective stream and
can result in injury, death or loss of property. See flow chart on pages 8 - 11 or call 800348-2686 for assistance.
WARNING
This equipment is intended for use by trained personnel for firefighting. Their use for
other purposes may involve hazards not addressed by this manual. Seek appropriate
guidance and training to reduce risk of injury.
WARNING
Nozzle reaction will vary as supply conditions change: such as opening or closing other
nozzles, hose line kinks, changes in pump settings, etc. Changes in spray pattern or
flushing will also affect nozzle reaction. The nozzle operator must always be prepared in
the event of those changes. Failure to restrain nozzle reaction can cause firefighter injury
from loss of footing and/or stream protection.
WARNING
If nozzle gets out of control or away from operator, retreat from nozzle immediately. Do
not attempt to regain control of nozzle while flowing water. Injury from whipping can
occur.
WARNING
Water is a conductor of electricity. Application of water solutions on high voltage
equipment can cause injury or death by electrocution. The amount of current that may be
carried back to the nozzle will depend on the following factors:
!
!
!
!
Voltage of the line or equipment
Distance from the nozzle to the line or equipment
Size of the stream
Whether the stream is solid or broken
! Purity of the water1
1
The Fire Fighter and Electrical Equipment, The University of Michigan Extension Service, Fourth Printing 1983. Page 47.
CAUTION
Fire streams are capable of injury and damage. Do not direct water stream to cause injury
or damage to persons or property.
2.1 VARIOUS MODELS AND TERMS
Selectable Flow: A nozzle with a discharge orifice that can be set to a user selected position. In each position the nozzle
acts as a fixed orifice nozzle.
Fixed Flow: A nozzle with a discharge orifice that is a fixed opening size. The user can set the opening to flush positions,
or on tip only models to the OFF position.
Tip Only: a nozzle without an integral ball shutoff valve.
Quadrafog and Thunderfog nozzles are available in a variety of flow ranges and configurations. All models deliver the
selected flow when the rated pressure is supplied to the nozzle. Flow settings and recommended hose sizes are:
SERIES
RECOMMENDED
HOSE SIZE (INCHES)
FLOW SETTINGS
(GPM AT 100 PSI)
NOZZLE TYPE
1" Quadrafog
3/4, 1
5, 10, 24, 40
Selectable Flow
1-1/2" Quadrafog
1-1/2
30, 60, 95, 125
Selectable Flow
200 Thunderfog
1-1/2 to 1-3/4
30, 60, 95, 125, 150, 200
Selectable Flow
250 Thunderfog
1-1/2 to 2-1/2
95, 125, 150, 200, 250
Selectable Flow
3
ON
OFF
Shaper
Coupling
Ball Valve Handle
30 60
95
125 150 200
TIP ONLY
(not available with 2-1/2" coupling)
Model Number
Serial Number
Pressure Calibration
BALL VALVE
Playpipe Handle
ON
OFF
Selector Ring
Pistol Grip
BALL VALVE WITH
PISTOL GRIP
PLAYPIPE
FIGURE 1 BASIC NOZZLE CONFIGURATIONS AND TERMS
2.2 NOZZLE COUPLING
NH (National Hose Threads per NFPA #1963) threads are standard on all nozzles. Other threads such as NPSH (National
Pipe Straight Hose threads per ANSI/ASME #B1.20.7) can be specified at time of order.
4
CAUTION
Nozzle must be properly connected. Mismatched or damaged threads may cause nozzle
to leak or uncouple under pressure and could cause injury.
CAUTION
Do not couple aluminum to brass. Dissimilar metals coupled together can cause galvanic
corrosion that can result in inability to unscrew threads or complete loss of thread
engagement.
3.0 FLOW CHARACTERISTICS
At each flow setting the nozzle is set to a predetermined fixed orifice. Relationship of flow and nozzle pressure at each
setting is shown in figure 2. Contact the factory or visit the website (www.tft.com) for range and trajectory data.
FLOW (LPM)
200
300
100
400
100
500
140
FLOW (LPM)
200
300
400
500
140
5
60
4
3
40
8
12
95
5
GP
M
GP
M
PM
60 G
100
7
6
80
5
60
4
3
40
2
20
0
0
25
50
75
100
125
2
20
1
5-40 GPM QUADRAFOG
30-125 GPM QUADRAFOG
0
150
0
25
50
FLOW (GPM)
200
FLOW (LPM)
400
600
75
100
125
1
150
FLOW (GPM)
800
200
1000
FLOW (LPM)
400
600
800
1000
140
140
60
4
3
40
25
0G
PM
20
0G
PM
GP
150
125
GPM
95 G
PM
100
8
7
6
80
5
60
4
3
40
2
20
30-200 GPM THUNDERFOG
1
PRESSURE (BAR)
5
PRESSURE (PSI)
6
80
PRESSURE (BAR)
20
0G
7
M
9
120
8
PM
M
GPM
GP
150
125
95 G
PM
30 GPM
100
60 GPM
9
120
PRESSURE (PSI)
PRESSURE (BAR)
6
80
PRESSURE (PSI)
7
30 GPM
PM
8
40 G
24 GPM
9
120
PRESSURE (BAR)
PRESSURE (PSI)
100
5 GPM
10 GPM
9
120
2
20
95-250 GPM THUNDERFOG
1
0
0
0
50
100
150
200
FLOW (GPM)
250
300
0
50
100
150
200
250
300
FLOW (GPM)
FIGURE 2 NOZZLE FLOW CHARACTERISTICS
The charts on pages 8-11 of this document give specific examples of pump pressure and flow for various hoses and
lengths. Losses may vary due to differences in hose construction resulting in flows different than shown. For situations or
lengths of hose not listed on the chart, approximate flows can be calculated using conventional hydraulics.
5
4.0 NOZZLE CONTROLS
4.1 BALL VALVE SHUTOFF
Models with a ball valve are shut off when the valve handle is fully forward. Pulling back on the handle opens the valve.
Open valve slowly to avoid sudden changes in nozzle reaction. Close valve slowly to prevent water hammer. Note: In
partially open positions a ball valve will cause turbulence and adversely affect stream quality.
4.2 SELECTOR RING
4.2.1 FLOW SETTING
The selector ring is marked with various flow settings. Turn the selector ring so the desired setting lines up with the silver
indicator pin. A spring-loaded detent is provided at each flow setting. The nozzle will flow the indicated amount when
the pressure at the nozzle is 100 PSI (7 bar) or 75 PSI (5 bar) on low pressure versions.
4.2.2 FLUSH SETTING
Debris may become trapped in the nozzle causing poor stream quality, shortened reach and reduced flow. To remove
trapped debris, the nozzle can be flushed as follows: While still flowing water, rotate the selector ring into the flush
position. This will open up the nozzle, allowing debris to pass through. Rotate the selector ring out of flush to continue
normal operations. The nozzle operator must be prepared for a change in nozzle reaction when returning the nozzle from
the flush position to retain control of the nozzle.
WARNING
Large amounts or pieces of debris may be unflushable and can reduce the flow of the
nozzle resulting in an ineffective flow. In the event of a blockage, it may be necessary
to retreat to a safe area, uncouple nozzle and remove debris.
4.2.3 SHUTOFF SETTING (TIP-ONLY MODELS)
On tip-only models the selector ring has a shutoff setting to stop the nozzle flow. To shut off the nozzle, rotate the selector
ring clockwise (as seen from the operating position behind the nozzle) into the "OFF" position. Rotate counterclockwise
into a flow setting to open nozzle.
4.3 PATTERN CONTROL
The Quadrafog and Thunderfog nozzles have full pattern control from straight stream to wide fog. Turning the SHAPER
clockwise (as seen from the operating position behind the nozzle) moves the SHAPER to the straight stream position.
Turning the SHAPER counterclockwise will result in an increasingly wider pattern. Since the stream trim point varies with
the flow, the stream should be 'trimmed' after changing the flow to obtain the straightest and furthest reaching stream. The
nozzle reaction is greatest when the shaper is in the straight-stream position. The nozzle operator must be prepared for a
change in reaction as the pattern is changed.
5.0 FIREGROUND USE
IT IS THE RESPONSIBILITY OF THE INDIVIDUAL FIRE DEPARTMENT OR AGENCY TO DETERMINE PHYSICAL
CAPABILITIES AND SUITABILITY FOR AN INDIVIDUAL'S USE OF THIS EQUIPMENT.
Many factors contribute to the extinguishment of a fire. Among the most important is delivering water at a flow rate
sufficient to absorb heat faster than is being generated. The flow rate depends largely on the pump discharge pressure
and hose friction loss. The pump discharge pressure may be found by use of the chart on the last page. It can also be
calculated using a hydraulic equation such as:
PDP = NP+FL+DL+EL
PDP = Pump discharge pressure in PSI
NP = Nozzle pressure in PSI
FL = Hose friction loss in PSI
DL = Device loss in PSI
EL = Elevation loss in PSI
For additional information on calculating specific hose layouts, consult an appropriate fire-service training manual, such
as A Firefighters Guide To Nozzles published by Task force Tips, or call TFT's "Hydraulics Hotline" at 800-348-2686.
6
6.0 FIELD INSPECTION
Quadrafog and Thunderfog nozzles are designed and manufactured to be damage resistant and require minimal
maintenance. However, as the primary firefighting tool upon which your life depends, it should be treated accordingly.
Use with saltwater is permissible provided nozzle is thoroughly cleaned with fresh water after each use. The service life of
the nozzle may be shortened due to the effects of corrosion and is not covered under warranty.
WARNING
Nozzle must be inspected before each use for proper operation and function according
to inspection checklist on last page of this document. Any nozzle that fails inspection is
dangerous to use and must be repaired before using.
Performance tests shall be conducted on the nozzle after a repair, or anytime a problem is reported to verify operation in
accordance with Task Force Tips test procedures. Consult factory for the test procedure that corresponds to the model
and serial number of the nozzle. Any equipment which fails the related test criteria should be removed from service
immediately. Troubleshooting guides are available with each test procedure or equipment can be returned to the factory
for service and testing.
CAUTION
Any alteration to the nozzle and its markings constitutes a misuse of this product and
could diminish safety.
All nozzles are factory lubricated with high-quality silicone grease. This lubricant has excellent washout resistance and
long-term performance. If your department has unusually hard or sandy water, the moving parts may be affected. Foam
agents and water additives contain soaps and chemicals that may break down the factory lubrication.
The moving parts of the nozzle should be checked on a regular basis for smooth and free operation and signs of damage.
IF THE NOZZLE IS OPERATING CORRECTLY, THEN NO ADDITIONAL LUBRICATION IS NEEDED. Any nozzle that is
not operating correctly should be immediately removed from service and the problem corrected.
7.0 REPAIR
Factory service is available with repair time seldom exceeding one day in our facility. Factory-serviced nozzles are
repaired by experienced technicians to original specifications, fully wet tested, and promptly returned. Repair charges for
non-warranty items are minimal. Any returns should include a note as to the nature of the problem and whom to reach in
case of questions.
Task Force Tips assumes no liability for damage to equipment or injury to personnel that is a result of user service.
Repair kits and repair parts are stocked for immediate shipment. Contact the factory or visit the website at www.tft.com for
parts lists, exploded views, test procedures and trouble shooting guides.
7
8.0 WARRANTY
Task Force Tips, Inc., 2800 East Evans Avenue, Valparaiso, Indiana 46383-6940 (“TFT”) warrants to the original
purchaser of its Quadrafog and Thunderfog nozzles and other equipment (“equipment”), and to anyone to whom it is
transferred, that the equipment shall be free from defects in material and workmanship during the five (5) year period from
the date of purchase.
TFT’s obligation under this warranty is specifically limited to replacing or repairing the equipment (or its parts) which are
shown by TFT’s examination to be in a defective condition attributable to TFT. To qualify for this limited warranty, the
claimant must return the equipment to TFT, at 2800 East Evans Avenue, Valparaiso, Indiana 46383-6940, within a
reasonable time after discovery of the defect. TFT will examine the equipment. If TFT determines that there is a defect
attributable to it, it will correct the problem within a reasonable time. If the equipment is covered by this limited warranty,
TFT will assume the expenses of repair.
If any defect attributable to TFT under this limited warranty cannot be reasonably cured by repair or replacement, TFT
may elect to refund the purchase price of the equipment, less reasonable depreciation, in complete discharge of its
obligations under this limited warranty. If TFT makes this election, claimant shall return the equipment to TFT free and
clear of any liens and encumbrances.
This is a limited warranty. The original purchaser of the equipment, any person to whom it is transferred, and any person
who is an intended or unintended beneficiary of the equipment, shall not be entitled to recover from TFT any
consequential or incidental damages for injury to person and/or property resulting from any defective equipment
manufactured or assembled by TFT. It is agreed and understood that the price stated for the equipment is in part
consideration for limiting TFT’s liability. Some states do not allow the exclusion or limitation of incidental or consequential
damages, so the above may not apply to you.
TFT shall have no obligation under this limited warranty if the equipment is, or has been, misused or neglected (including
failure to provide reasonable maintenance) or if there have been accidents to the equipment or if it has been repaired or
altered by someone else.
THIS IS A LIMITED EXPRESS WARRANTY ONLY. TFT EXPRESSLY DISCLAIMS WITH RESPECT TO THE EQUIPMENT
ALL IMPLIED WARRANTIES OF MERCHANT ABILITY AND ALL IMPLIED WARRANTIES OF FITNESS FOR A
PARTICULAR PURPOSE. THERE IS NO WARRANTY OF ANY NATURE MADE BY TFT BEYOND THAT STATED IN THE
DOCUMENT.
This limited warranty gives you specific legal rights, and you may also have other rights which vary from state to state.
9.0 ANSWERS TO YOUR QUESTIONS
We appreciate the opportunity of serving you and making your difficult job easier. If you have any problems or questions,
our toll-free "Hydraulics Hotline" is normally available to you 24 hours a day, 7 days a week at 800-348-2686.
10.0 INSPECTION CHECKLIST
Nozzle must be inspected before each use for proper operation and function according to this checklist.
Check that:
1) There is no obvious damage such as missing, broken or loose parts, damaged labels, etc.
2) Coupling is tight and leak free
3) Valve handle moves freely though full range and shuts off flow
4) Nozzle flow is adequate as indicated by pump pressure and nozzle reaction
5) Selector ring turns into all positions including flush
6) Shaper turns freely and adjusts pattern through full range
WARNING
Any nozzle failing any part of the inspection checklist is unsafe and must have the
problem corrected before use. Operating a nozzle that fails any of the above inspections
is a misuse of this equipment.
TASK FORCE TIPS, Inc.
MADE IN USA •www.tft.com
©Copyright Task Force Tips, Inc. 2002-2006
2800 E. Evans Ave, Valparaiso, IN 46383-6940 USA
800-348-2686 • 219-462-6161 • Fax 219-464-7155
LKF-100 January 20, 2006 Rev09
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