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Rigol DS1000CA series User`s guide
RIGOL
User’s Guide
DS1000CA Series
Digital Oscilloscopes
DS1302CA, DS1202CA, DS1102CA, DS1062CA
Sept. 2010
RIGOL Technologies, Inc.
RIGOL
Copyright
© 2009 RIGOL Technologies, Inc. All Rights Reserved.
Trademark Information
RIGOL is registered trademark of RIGOL Technologies, Inc.
Notices
 RIGOL products are protected by patent law in and outside of P.R.C..
 RIGOL Technologies, Inc. reserves the right to modify or change parts of or all
the specifications and pricing policies at company‟s sole decision.
 Information in this publication replaces all previously corresponding material.
 RIGOL shall not be liable for losses caused by either incidental or
consequential in connection with the furnishing, use or performance of this
manual as well as any information contained.
 Any part of this document is forbidden to copy or photocopy or rearrange
without prior written approval of RIGOL.
Product Certification
RIGOL guarantees this product conforms to the standards of national and industrial.
Meanwhile, the related standards conform to other ISO will get further. At present,
DS1000CA has passed CE, cTUVus and GOST certification.
User‟s Guide for DS1000CA Series
I
RIGOL
Safety Notices
Review the following safety precautions
carefully before operating the
instrument to avoid any personal
injuries or damages to the instrument
and any products connected to it. To
avoid potential hazards use the
instrument as specified by this user‟s
guide only.
The instrument should be serviced
by qualified personnel only.
To Avoid Fire or Personal Injury.
Use Proper Power Cord.
Use the power cord designed for the
instrument and authorized in your
country only.
Ground The Instrument.
The oscilloscope is grounded through
the grounding conductor of the power
cord. To avoid electric shock the
instrument grounding conductor(s)
must be grounded properly, before
making connections to the input or
output terminals of the instrument.
Connect The Probe.
The probes‟ ground terminals are at the
same voltage level of the instrument
ground. Do not connect the ground
terminals to a high voltage.
II
Observe All Terminal Ratings.
To avoid fire or shock hazard, observe
all ratings and marks on the instrument.
Follow the user‟s guide for further
ratings information before making
connections to the instrument.
Do Not Operate Without Covers.
Do not operate the instrument with
covers or panels removed.
Use Proper Fuse.
Use the fuse of the type, voltage and
current ratings as specified for the
instrument.
Avoid Circuit or Wire Exposure.
Do not touch exposed connections and
components when power is on.
Do Not Operate With Suspected
Failures.
If suspected damage occurs with the
instrument, have it inspected by
qualified service personnel before
further operations.
Provide Proper Ventilation.
Refer to the installation instructions for
proper ventilation of the instrument.
Do Not Operate in Wet Conditions
In order to avoid short circuiting to the
User‟s Guide for DS1000CA Series
RIGOL
interior of the device or electric shock,
please do not operate in a humid
environment.
Do Not Operate in an Explosive
Atmosphere
In order to avoid damages to the device
or personal injuries, it is important to
operate the device away from an
explosive atmosphere.
Keep Product Surfaces Clean and
Dry
To avoid the influence of dust and/or
moisture in air, please keep the surface
of device clean and dry.
The disturbance test of all the
models meet the limit values of A
in the standard of EN 61326:
1997+A1+A2+A3, but can’t meet
the limit values of B.
Measurement Category
The DS1000CA series Digital
Oscilloscope is intended to be used for
measurements in Measurement
Category I.
Measurement Category
User‟s Guide for DS1000CA Series
Definitions
Measurement Category I is for
measurements performed on circuits
not directly connected to MAINS.
Examples are measurements on circuits
not derived from MAINS, and specially
protected (internal) MAINS derived
circuits. In the latter case, transient
stresses are variable; for that reason,
the transient withstand capability of the
equipment is made known to the user.
WARNING
IEC Measurement Category I. The input
terminals may be connected to circuit
terminal in IEC Category I installations
for voltages up to 300 VAC. To avoid
the danger of electric shock, do not
connect the inputs to circuit‟s voltages
above 300 VAC.
Transient overvoltage is also present on
circuits that are isolated from mains.
The DS1000CA series Digital
Oscilloscopes is designed to safely
withstand occasional transient
overvoltage up to 500 Vpk. Do not use
this equipment to measure circuits
where transient overvoltage could
exceed this level.
III
RIGOL
Safety Terms and Symbols
Terms in this Manual. These terms may appear in this manual:
!
!
WARNING
Warning statements indicate the conditions or practices that could result in
injury or loss of life.
CAUTION
Caution statements indicate the conditions or practices that could result in
damage to this product or other property.
Terms on the Product. These terms may appear on the product:
DANGER
indicates an injury or hazard that may immediately happen.
WARNING indicates a potential injury or hazard that may immediately happen.
CAUTION indicates that a potential damage to the instrument or other property
might occur.
Symbols on the Product. These symbols may appear on the product:
!
Hazardous
Voltage
IV
Refer to
Instructions
Protective
Earth Terminal
Chassis
Ground
Test
Grounding
User‟s Guide for DS1000CA Series
RIGOL
Instrument at a Glance
Four types of DS1000CA series digital oscilloscopes will be introduced in this book:
DS1062CA, DS1102CA, DS1202CA, DS1302CA
The instrument could help users to achieve high-quality measurement by excellent
performance, powerful functions and easy operation.
DS1000CA is designed for 2GSa/s maximum real-time sample rate, 50GSa/s
maximum equivalent sample rate, 300MHz maximum bandwidth and 20000wfms/s
waveform capture, which are used to capture rapidly changing waveforms fast and
accurately. Besides, abundant trigger, math and acquire functions enable it easy to
capture and analyze waveforms, also, AUTO button is available to display a signal
automatically. What‟s more, design of panels, LCD, interface and buttons are
friendly and clear, making operation more comfortable.
Main Features:












Dual Channel, Bandwidth:
300MHz
(DS1302CA)
200MHz
(DS1202CA)
100MHz
(DS1102CA
60MHz
(DS1062CA)
Color TFT LCD, 320× 234 pixels resolution.
Plug and play USB storage.
Adjustable waveform intensity, more effective waveform viewing.
One-touch automatic setup, ease of use (AUTO).
Supports waveforms, setups, bitmap and CSV format storage and reappearance
of waveforms and setups.
Delayed Scan Function, easy to give attention to both details and overview of a
waveform.
20 Automatic measurements.
Automatic cursor tracking measurements.
Waveform recorder, record and replay dynamic waveforms.
User selectable fast offset calibration.
Built-in FFT function, Frequency Counter.
User‟s Guide for DS1000CA Series
V
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








Digital filters, includes LPF, HPF, BPF, BRF.
Pass/Fail Function, optically isolated Pass/Fail output.
Add, Subtract and Multiply Mathematic Functions.
Advanced trigger types include: Edge, Video, Pulse width, Slope, Alternative.
Adjustable trigger sensitivity.
Multiple Language User Interface.
Pop-up menu makes it easy to read and easy to use.
Built-in Chinese and English help system.
Easy-to-use file system supports Chinese & English characters file name input.
VI
User‟s Guide for DS1000CA Series
RIGOL
Structure of This Document
Chpter 1 Quick Start
To introduce the panls and menus to help user to realize the base operations.
Chapter 2 Operating Your Oscilloscope
More details to help users to understand the functions and measurements of
instrument deeply.
Chapter 3 Application Examples
To show the measurement functions directly by application examples.
Chapter 4 Troubleshooting
Provide you troubleshooting to solve the problems during operating.
Chpter 5 Specifications
List common specifications and characteristics of DS1000CA series oscilloscope.
Chapter 6 Appendix
Information about accessories, warranties, services and supports and the like.
User‟s Guide for DS1000CA Series
VII
RIGOL
Content
Safety Notices ........................................................................................ II
Instrument at a Glance............................................................................. V
Chapter 1
Quick Start ........................................................................ 1-1
General Inspect .................................................................................... 1-2
Panels and User Interface ...................................................................... 1-3
Function Check ..................................................................................... 1-7
To Compensate Probes.......................................................................... 1-9
To Display a Signal Automatically ......................................................... 1-10
To Understand the Vertical System ....................................................... 1-11
To Understand the Horizontal System ................................................... 1-13
To Understand the Trigger System ....................................................... 1-15
Chapter 2
Operating Your Oscilloscope .............................................. 2-1
To Set Up the Vertical System ................................................................ 2-2
Channel Settings ............................................................................ 2-4
Math functions ............................................................................. 2-14
REF function ................................................................................ 2-18
To Set Up the Horizontal System .......................................................... 2-25
Delayed Scan ............................................................................... 2-27
X-Y Format .................................................................................. 2-28
To Set Up the Trigger System .............................................................. 2-29
Edge Trigger ................................................................................ 2-30
Pulse Width Trigger ...................................................................... 2-31
Video Trigger ............................................................................... 2-32
Slope Trigger ............................................................................... 2-34
Alternative Trigger ........................................................................ 2-36
Trigger Settings ............................................................................ 2-39
Trigger Holdoff ............................................................................. 2-40
To Set Up the Sampling System ........................................................... 2-44
To Set Up the Display System .............................................................. 2-48
To Store and Recall Waveforms or Setups ............................................. 2-51
To Set Up the Utility............................................................................ 2-58
I/O Setup .................................................................................... 2-60
Language .................................................................................... 2-61
Pass/Fail ...................................................................................... 2-62
VIII
User‟s Guide for DS1000CA Series
RIGOL
Waveform Recorder ...................................................................... 2-66
Print Set ...................................................................................... 2-70
Self-Calibration ............................................................................. 2-71
Service ........................................................................................ 2-72
Preference ................................................................................... 2-73
To Measure Automatically .................................................................... 2-75
Automatic measurement of voltage parameters ............................... 2-79
Automatic measurement of time parameters.................................... 2-80
To Measure with Cursors...................................................................... 2-81
Manual Mode................................................................................ 2-82
Track Mode .................................................................................. 2-84
Auto Mode ................................................................................... 2-86
To Use Run Control Buttons ................................................................. 2-87
Chapter 3
Example
Example
Example
Example
Example
Example
Example
Example
Example
Application & Examples ..................................................... 3-1
1:
2:
3:
4:
5:
6:
7:
8:
9:
Taking Simple Measurements ................................................3-1
View a Signal Delay Caused by a Circuit..................................3-2
Capture a Single-Shot Signal .................................................3-3
To Reduce the Random Noise on a Signal ...............................3-4
Making Cursor Measurements ................................................3-6
The application of the X-Y operation ......................................3-8
Triggering on a Video Signal ................................................ 3-10
FFT Cursor Measurement .................................................... 3-12
Pass/Fail Test .................................................................... 3-13
Chapter 4
Troubleshooting ................................................................ 4-1
Chapter 5
Specifications .................................................................... 5-1
Specifications .................................................................................5-2
General Specifications .....................................................................5-6
Chapter 6
Appendix ........................................................................... 6-1
Appendix A: DS1000CA series Accessories ...............................................6-1
Appendix B: Warranty ............................................................................6-2
Appendix C: Maintenance .......................................................................6-3
Appendix D: Contact RIGOL ...................................................................6-4
Index ...................................................................................................... 1
User‟s Guide for DS1000CA Series
IX
RIGOL
Chapter 1 Quick Start
This chapter covers the following topics:

General Inspect

Panels and User Interface

Function Check

To Compensate Probes

To Display a Signal Automatically

To Understand the Vertical System

To Understand the Horizontal System

To Understand the Trigger System
User‟s Guide for DS1000CA Series
1-1
RIGOL
General Inspect
After receiving a new DS1000CA series oscilloscope, please inspect the instrument as
follows:
1. Inspect the shipping container for damage.
Keep the damaged shipping container or cushioning material until the contents
of the shipment have been checked for completeness and the instrument has
passed both electrical and mechanical test.
The consigner or carrier shall be liable for the damage to instrument resulting
from shipment, without free maintenance or replacement by RIGOL.
2. Inspect the instrument.
In case of any damage, or defect, or failure, notify your RIGOL Sales
Representative.
3. Check the accessories.
Accessories supplied with the instrument are listed in "Appendix A: DS1000CA
series Accessories" in this guide.
If the contents are incomplete or damaged, please notify your RIGOL Sales
Representative.
1-2
User‟s Guide for DS1000CA Series
RIGOL
Panels and User Interface
The first thing to do with a new oscilloscope is to know its panels. This chapter helps
to be familiar with the layout of the knobs and keys and how to use them. Read the
chapter carefully before further operations.
The Front Panel
The front panel is divided into “function menu”, “run control”, “trigger control”,
“horizontal control” and “vertical control” areas.
Thereinto, five grey menu buttons which lie beside LCD screen (defined No.1 to No.5)
are used to switch current menu options. Other function buttons are used to enable
the access to many measurement features associated with advanced functions,
mathematics, reference or to run control features. In addition, multi-function knob is
available to adjust waveform brightness or switch menus, but others are applied to
adjust offset, volts/div or s/div.
Power Switch
LCD
Turn On/Off
Menu
Multi-function Function Run Control
Knob
Menu
Trigger Control
Horizontal Control
Vertical Control
Probe Compensator
USB Host
MenuFigure
Buttons
1-1 Analog Signal EXT TRIG
Input Channels Channel
Figure 1-1
Front panel of DS1000CA series oscilloscope
User‟s Guide for DS1000CA Series
1-3
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Interfaces:
USB Host: It is used to connect DS1000CA with external USB devices when the
oscilloscope is regarded as “Host Device”. For example, connect a USB flash device.
Signal Input: Two channels are provided: CH1 and CH2.
EXT TRIG Input: It is applied to input external trigger signal.
1-4
User‟s Guide for DS1000CA Series
RIGOL
The Rear Panel
Pass/Fail RS232 USB Device
Figure 1-2
Rear panel of DS1000CA series oscilloscope
Interfaces:
Pass/Fail: It is used to output the pass/fail test result.
RS232: To connect the oscilloscope with external devices by serial port.
USB Device: It is used to connect DS1000CA with external USB devices when the
oscilloscope is regarded as a “Slave Device”. For example, connect with PC for
remote control.
Notation definitions in this User’s Guide:
Throughout this manual, notation symbols of buttons and knobs are the same of
those on front-panel.
 A box around the name of the key denotes MENU function buttons on
front-panel, such as Measure.


(



denotes the two SCALE knobs.
denotes the LEVEL knob.
The name with a drop shadow denotes the menu operating key, such as
Waveforms soft key in Storage menu.
Use “→” to divide operation steps. Such as: Storage → Storage, indicates press
“Storage” button on the front panel, then press “Storage” menu.

) denotes the multi-function knob
.
denotes the two POSITION knobs.
User‟s Guide for DS1000CA Series
1-5
RIGOL
User’s Interface
Run Status
Location of Waveform
Window in Memory
Trigger Point
in Memory
Status Bar
Trigger Point in
Waveform
Window
Channel 1
Menu
Channel 2
CH1 Volts/Div
CH2 Volts/Div Timebase Trigger Offset
Figure 1-3 User‟s Interface
1-6
User‟s Guide for DS1000CA Series
RIGOL
Function Check
Perform this quick functional check to verify that the instrument is operating
correctly.
1.
Turn on the instrument
Use the power cord designed for the oscilloscope to connect the instrument and
AC power which delivers 100 to 240 VACRMS, 45Hz to 440Hz. Press the power
switch to turn on the instruments, waiting until the display shows the waveform
window.
2.
Recall factory setting
Press Storage → Storage → Factory → Load, to recall factory setting.
Power Switch
Storage Button
Figure 1-4
Turn on the instrument
!
3.

WARNNING
To avoid electric shock, be sure the oscilloscope is properly grounded.
Input a signal to a channel of the oscilloscope
Push BNC plug of probe into CH1 BNC connector, then twist the BNC cable to
right to lock the probe in place. Switch on the probe to 10X.
User‟s Guide for DS1000CA Series
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RIGOL
Probe
compensator
connector
Ground pin
Figure 1-5 Probe connection



1-8
Figure 1-6 Probe adjustment
Press CH1 → Probe → 10X to set probe attenuation of the oscilloscope, so as
to make sure the measurement result is correct. (Default probe attenuation
scale is 1X.)
Attach the probe tip to the Probe compensator connector and the reference
lead to the ground pin. Press AUTO, within a few seconds, a square wave will
display (approximately 1 kHz 3 V peak- to- peak).
Push the OFF button or push the CH1 button again to turn off Channel 1.
Push the CH2 button to turn on channel 2, repeat steps above.
User‟s Guide for DS1000CA Series
RIGOL
To Compensate Probes
Perform this adjustment to match the characteristics of the probe and the channel
input. This should be performed whenever attaching a probe to any input channel
the first time.
1. From CH1 menu, set the Probe attenuation to 10X (press CH1 → Probe → 10X).
Set the switch to 10X on the probe and connect it to CH1 of the oscilloscope.
When using the probe hook-tip, inserting the tip onto the probe firmly to ensure
a proper connection.
2. Attach the probe tip to the Probe compensator connector and the reference lead
to the ground pin, Select CH1, and then press AUTO.
3. Check the shape of the displayed waveform.
Over compensated
Correctly Compensated
Under Compensated
Figure 1-9
Figure 1-7 Waveform compensation
4. If necessary, use a non-metallic tool to adjust the trimmer capacitor of the probe
for the flattest square wave being displayed on the oscilloscope.
5. Repeat if necessary.
!
WARNNING
To avoid electric shock while using the probe, be sure the perfection of the
insulated cable, and do not touch the metallic portions of the probe head
while it is connected with a voltage source.
User‟s Guide for DS1000CA Series
1-9
RIGOL
To Display a Signal Automatically
The oscilloscope has an automated feature to display the input signal best-fit. The
input signal should be 50Hz or higher and a duty cycle is greater than 1%. Please
take the following steps:
1. Connect a signal to the oscilloscope input channel.
2. Press AUTO.
The oscilloscope will set up VERTICAL, HORIZONTAL and TRIGGER controls
automatically. You also could adjust the controls manually to get the best results if
necessary.
1-10
User‟s Guide for DS1000CA Series
RIGOL
To Understand the Vertical System
See figure 1-8 as below, the VERTICAL Control Area contains a series of buttons
and knobs, which are not only used to set CH1, CH2, math and reference waveform
functions, but also to adjust vertical position and “Volts/div”.
Figure 1-8 Vertical Control
1.
Press CH1, CH2, MATH, REF, then the corresponding menu, sign, waveform and
volts/div state will appear on the screen. To turn off channels, please press OFF.
2.
Set vertical position of waveform display by
knob.
Turning the
knob, a voltage value is displayed for a short time
indicating its value with respect to the ground reference located at the center of
the screen. Also notice that the ground symbol on the left side of the display
moves in conjunction with the
knob.
Measurement hints
If the channel is DC coupled, measuring the DC component of the signal by
simply noting its distance from the ground symbol.
If the channel is AC coupled, the DC component of the signal is blocked,
allow you to use greater sensitivity to display the AC component of the
signal.
User‟s Guide for DS1000CA Series
1-11
RIGOL
Vertical offset back to 0 shortcut key
Turn the
knob to change the vertical display position of
channel and press the
knob to set the vertical display
position back to 0 as a shortcut key, this is especially helpful when the trace
position is far out of the screen and want it to get back to the screen center
immediately.
3.
Set vertical “Volts/div” by
knob.
Rotate
to change “Volts/div”, the change will be displayed in real
time at the bottom of interface. Besides, the “Volts/div” contains two forms:
“Fine” and “Coarse”.
Coarse/Fine Shortcut key
The Coarse/Fine vertical control can be set by simply pressing the vertical
knob.
1-12
User‟s Guide for DS1000CA Series
RIGOL
To Understand the Horizontal System
See figure 1-9 as below, the HORIZONTAL Control Area contains a button and
two knobs, which are not only used to set up horizontal parameters and timebase,
but also to adjust horizontal position of waveforms.
Figure 1-9 Horizontal Control
1.
The horizontal
knob adjusts signal horizontal position on
waveform window.
Turning the horizontal
knob, the waveform will move to left or
right and a sign at the left-bottom of the screen will vary to show the horizontal
position of the waveform.
Horizontal offset back to 0 shortcut key
Press the
knob to set the horizontal offset to 0 as a shortcut
key, this is especially helpful when the trigger point is far out of the screen
and want it to get back to the screen center immediately.
2.
Press MENU button to display “Time” menu, setting delayed state, time base
mode and trigger offset.
User‟s Guide for DS1000CA Series
1-13
RIGOL
Term Explanations
Trigger offset: Denotes the real position of the trigger point relative to the
midpoint of the memory. In this setting, the trigger position will be changed
horizontally when you turning the
knob.
3.
Set horizontal “s/div” by
knob.
The horizontal
knob changes the sweep speed in a 1-2-5 step
sequence, and displays the value in the status bar. The time base ranges of the
DS1000CA series is from 2ns/div* to 50s/div.
NOTE*: The speed of horizontal scan varies by different models.
Delayed Scan Shortcut key
To press the
knob in the horizontal control area on the
front-panel is another way to enter or exit Delayed Scan mode.
1-14
User‟s Guide for DS1000CA Series
RIGOL
To Understand the Trigger System
See figure 1-10 below, the TRIGGER Control Area contains a knob and three
buttons, which are used to set trigger level, trigger parameters and force trigger.
Figure 1-10
The trigger control window
1.
Set trigger level by
knob.
A nacarat trigger line and trigger sign will move up and down when you turn the
knob, and they will disappear about 5 seconds after stop turning
knob. The trigger level value will change on the screen at the same time you turn
the trigger line.
Trigger Level to 0 Shortcut Key
Turn the
2.
knob to change the trigger level value and press the
knob to set trigger level back to 0 as a shortcut key.
Press MENU button in the Trigger control. A soft button menu appears on the
display showing the trigger setting choices as shown in Figure 1-11.
User‟s Guide for DS1000CA Series
1-15
RIGOL
· Press NO.1 menu button to choose Edge.
· Press NO.2 menu button to choose Source as CH1.
· Press NO.3 menu button to choose Slope as
.
· Press NO.4 menu button to choose Sweep as Auto.
· Press NO.5 menu button to enter secondary menu of Set Up.
Figure 1-11
NOTE: The trigger mode, slope and source change in conjunction with the status bar
on the top-right of the screen.
3.
Press 50%
The 50% button sets the trigger level to the center of the signal.
4.
Press FORCE
Starts an acquisition regardless of an adequate trigger signal, usually used in
“Normal” or “Single” trigger mode. This button has no effect if the acquisition is
already stopped.
Local/Remote control
When the instrument is in remote mode, press FORCE to switch to local
mode.
1-16
User‟s Guide for DS1000CA Series
RIGOL
Chapter 2 Operating Your Oscilloscope
By now, a user should understand the VERTICAL, HORIZONTAL and TRIGGER
control systems and knows how to determine the system setup from the status bar
of a DS1000CA-series digital oscilloscope. This chapter will go through all groups of
front-panel buttons, knobs and menus; and further the knowledge of the operation
by hints in this guide. It is recommended to perform all of the following exercises to
get the most of the powerful measurement capabilities of the oscilloscope. If you
haven‟t know the operations above, please refers to chapter1.
This chapter covers the following topics:

To Set Up the Vertical System ( CH1, CH2, MATH, REF, OFF, Vertical
, Vertical

)
To Set Up the Horizontal System ( MENU, Horizontal
, Horizontal
)

To Set Up the Trigger System (

To Set Up the Sampling System (Acquire)

To Set Up the Display System (Display)

To Store and Recall Waveforms or Setups (Storage)

To Set Up the Utility (Utility)

To Measure Automatically (Measure)

To Measure with Cursors (Cursor)

To Use Run Control Buttons (AUTO, RUN/STOP)
User‟s Guide for DS1000CA Series
, MENU, 50%, FORCE)
2-1
RIGOL
To Set Up the Vertical System
Two analog channels are provided by DS1000CA: CH1 and CH2. Press the
corresponding button on the front panel to turn the channels on/off. The backlight
indicates the channel is currently active. Press the button again to turn the channel
off. When channel is currently selected, press OFF will turn it off and the backlight
goes off.
Table 2-1 The Channels menu
Settings
ON
Selected
OFF
Status Indicator
CH1 (yellow letter)
CH1 (black letter)
No indicator
Channel 2 (CH2)
ON
Selected
OFF
CH2 (blue letter)
CH2 (black letter)
No indicator
MATH
ON
Selected
OFF
MATH (purple letter)
MATH(black letter)
Channel Mode
Channel 1 (CH1)
No indicator
All functions applied will base on operating the instrument with channels, so MATH
and REF can be regarded as relatively isolated channels.
2-2
User‟s Guide for DS1000CA Series
RIGOL
Knobs Explanations
Use the vertical controls to display signal waveforms by adjusting the vertical
and
, and setting the input parameters.
1.
Using vertical
knob
The vertical
control changes the vertical position of signal
waveforms in all channels (including MATH and REF). The resolution changes
according to the vertical level set. Pressing this knob will clear the channel offset
to zero.
2.
Using vertical
knob
The vertical
control changes the vertical sensitivity of signal
waveforms in all channels (including MATH and REF). If the Volts/Div is set to
“Coarse”, the waveform scales in a 1-2-5 step sequence from 2 mV to 10 V. If the
Volts/Div is set to “Fine”, it scales to small steps between the coarse settings.
3.
Channels would be adjustable by the vertical
when they are selected.
4.
During the vertical positioning, a position message is displayed on the left
bottom of the screen, in the same color as the corresponding channel. The unit
is V (Volts).For instance: POS: 32.4mV Colours of words and channel waveform
are the same, the unit is V.
User‟s Guide for DS1000CA Series
and
only
2-3
RIGOL
Channel Settings
Each channel of DS1000CA has an operation menu and it will pop up after pressing
CH1 or CH2 button. Take CH1 as an example, the settings of all items in the menu
are shown in the table below.
Figure 2-1
Table 2-2 The Channel menu (Page 1/2)
Menu
Settings
AC
Coupling
DC
GND
ON
BW Limit
OFF
Probe
1X
5X
10X
50X
100X
500X
1000X
Digital filter
Block the DC component of the
input Signal.
Pass both AC and DC components
of the input signal
Disconnect the input signal.
Limit the channel bandwidth to
20MHz to reduce display noise.
Get full bandwidth.
Set this to match the probe
attenuation factor to make the
vertical scale readout correct.
Setup digital filter (See table 2-5).
1/2
2-4
Comments
Go to the next menu page (The
followings are the same, no more
explanation).
User‟s Guide for DS1000CA Series
RIGOL
Figure 2-2
Table 2-3 The Channel menu (Page 2/2)
Menu
Settings
2/2
Comments
Back to the previous menu page
(The followings are the same, no
more explanation).
Volts/Div
Coarse
Fine
Define a 1-2-5 sequence.
To change the resolution to small
steps between the coarse settings.
Invert
ON
OFF
Turn on the invert function.
Restore to original display of the
waveform.
V/ A/ W/ U
Set “V”, “A”, “W” or “U” as the unit of
vertical channel.
50Ω*
1MΩ
Press this key to select the input
resistance to 50Ω or 1MΩ.
Unit
Input
NOTE*: This parameter is for DS1202CA and DS1302CA only.
User‟s Guide for DS1000CA Series
2-5
RIGOL
1.
Channel coupling
To use CH 1 as an example, input a sine wave signal with DC shift.
Press CH1→Coupling→AC to set “AC” coupling. It will pass AC component
blocks the DC component of the input signal.
AC Coupling
Setup
AC Coupling
Status Symbol
Figure 2-3 AC coupling setting
Press CH1→Coupling→DC, to set “DC” coupling. It will pass both AC and DC
components of the input signal.
DC Coupling
Setup
DC Coupling
Status Symbol
Figure 2-4 DC coupling setting
2-6
User‟s Guide for DS1000CA Series
RIGOL
Press CH1→Coupling→GND, to set “GND” coupling, it disconnects the input
signal.
GND
Coupling
setup
GND Coupling
Status Symbol
Figure 2-5 GND coupling setting
User‟s Guide for DS1000CA Series
2-7
RIGOL
2. Set up the channel bandwidth limit
Take CH1 for an example, input a signal containing high frequency component.
Press CH1→BW Limit→OFF, to set up bandwidth limit to “OFF” status. The
oscilloscope is set to full bandwidth and passing the high frequency component
in the signal.
Turn Off the
BW Limit
Figure 2-6 Turn off the BW limit
Press CH1→BW Limit→ON, to set up bandwidth limit to “ON” status. It will
reject the frequency component higher than 20MHz.
20M BW Limit
Mark of
BW Limit
Figure 2-7 Turn on the BW limit
2-8
User‟s Guide for DS1000CA Series
RIGOL
3. Probe Attenuation Setting
The oscilloscope allows selecting the attenuation factor for the probe. The
attenuation factor changes the vertical scaling of the oscilloscope so that the
measurement results reflect the actual voltage levels at the probe tip.
To change (or check) the probe attenuation setting, press the CH1 or CH2
button (according to which channel in using). Toggle the Probe soft button to
match the attenuation factor of the probe.
This setting remains in effect until changed again.
Figure 2-8 show an example for using a 1000:1 probe and its attenuation factor.
Probe
Attenuation
Vertical
Volts/div
Figure 2-8 Setting probe attenuation
Table 2-4 Probe setting
Probe attenuation factors
Corresponding settings
1:1
1X
5:1
5X
10:1
10X
50:1
50X
100:1
100X
500:1
500X
1000:1
1000X
User‟s Guide for DS1000CA Series
2-9
RIGOL
4. Digital Filter
Press CH1→Digital filter, display the digital filter menu.
Turn off
Digital Filter
Figure 2-9 Turn off digital filter
Turn on
Digital Filter
Mark of Digital Filter
Figure 2-10 Turn on digital filter
2-10
User‟s Guide for DS1000CA Series
RIGOL
Turn (
) knob to set high and low limit of frequency.
Figure 2-11
Table 2-5 The Filter menu
Menu
Digital Filter
Settings
Off
On
Lower limit
Turn off the digital filter.
Turn on the digital filter.
Setup
Setup
Setup
Setup
Filter Type
Upper limit
Comments
<frequency>
<frequency>
as
as
as
as
LPF (Low Pass Filter).
HPF (High Pass Filter).
BPF (Band Pass Filter).
BRF (Band Reject Filter).
Turn (
) knob to set high limit.
Turn (
) knob to set low limit.
Back to higher level menu (The
followings are the same, no more
explanation).
User‟s Guide for DS1000CA Series
2-11
RIGOL
5. Volts/Div settings
The Volts/Div control has Coarse or Fine configuration. The Vertical
Sensitivity is 1mv/div ~10V/div.
Coarse: It is the default setting of Volts/Div in a 1-2-5-step sequence from
1mV/div, 2mV/div, 5mV/div, 10mV/div to10 V/div.
Fine: This setting changes the vertical scale to small steps between the coarse
settings. It will be helpful to adjust the waveform in smooth steps.
Fine
Adjustment
Fine Adjustment Data
Figure 2-12 Fine configurations
Coarse/Fine Shortcut key
To change Coarse/Fine setting, not only by menu but also by pressing
vertical
2-12
knob.
User‟s Guide for DS1000CA Series
RIGOL
6. To invert a waveform
Invert turns the displayed waveform 180 degrees, as respect to the ground
level. When the oscilloscope is triggered on the inverted signal, the trigger is
also inverted. Figure 2-13 and 2-14 show the changes before after the inversion
respectively.
Invert Off
Figure 2-13
The waveform before inversion
Invert On
Figure 2-14
The waveform after inversion
User‟s Guide for DS1000CA Series
2-13
RIGOL
Math functions
The mathematic functions include “Add”, “Subtract”, “Multiply” and “FFT” for
Channel 1 and Channel 2. The mathematic result can be measured by the grid and
the cursor.
Press MATH button to enter “Math” menu, meanwhile, sign of math scale will appear
under the screen. See figure below, waveform of channel1 is marked yellow,
waveform of channel2 is marked blue, and waveform of channel1 adding channel2 is
marked purple.
MATH scale
Figure 2-15 The Math function
Figure 2-16
Table 2-6 The Math menu
Menu
Operation
Source A
Source B
Invert
2-14
Settings
A+B
A-B
A× B
FFT
CH1
CH2
CH1
CH2
ON
OFF
Comments
Add source A and source B.
Subtract source B from source A.
Multiply source B by source A.
Fast Fourier Transform.
Define CH1 or CH2 as source A.
Define CH1 or CH2 as source B.
Invert the MATH waveform.
Restore to original waveform display.
User‟s Guide for DS1000CA Series
RIGOL
1. FFT Analyse
The FFT (Fast Fourier Transform) process converts a time-domain signal into its
frequency components mathematically. FFT waveforms are useful in the
following applications:
 Measuring harmonic content and distortion in systems
 Characterizing noise in DC power supplies
 Analyzing vibration
Press MATH→Operate→FFT to enter FFT setting menu.
Figure 2-17
Table 2-7 The FFT menu
Menu
Settings
Comments
Operate
A+B
A-B
A× B
FFT
Add source A to source B.
Subtract source B from source A.
Multiply source B by source A.
Fast Fourier Transform.
Source
CH1
CH2
Define CH1 or CH2 as FFT source.
Window
Rectangle
Hanning
Hamming
Blackman
Select window for FFT.
Display
Split
Full screen
Display FFT waveform on half screen.
Display FFT waveform on full screen.
Scale
VRMS
dBVRMS
Set “VRMS” as vertical unit.
Set “dBVRMS” as vertical unit.
Key points for FFT
1.
2.
3.
Signals that have a DC component or offset can cause incorrect FFT
waveform component magnitude values. To minimize the DC component,
choose AC Coupling on the source signal.
To reduce random noise and aliases components in repetitive or
single-shot events, set the oscilloscope acquisition mode to Average.
To display FFT waveforms with a large dynamic range, use the dBVRMS
scale. The dBVRMS scale displays component magnitudes using a log scale.
User‟s Guide for DS1000CA Series
2-15
RIGOL
2. Selecting an FFT Window
Oscilloscope record the FFT change for a limit time assume that YT waveform
repeat ceaselessly. If cycle is integer, YT waveform voltage is the same at
starting and ending point, and waveform is consecutive. Contrary, If cycle is
non-integer, the voltage is different at starting and ending point, leading to the
high frequency instantaneous intermit, which is called “leak”. To avoid leak,
multiply a window function to force the value is 0 at starting and ending point.
DS1000CA provides four FFT functions with different feature, which are need to
be selected according to measuring waveform.
Table 2-8 FFT Windows
Window
Rectangle
Hanning
Hamming
Blackman
2-16
Features
Best for measuring
Best frequency resolution
worst magnitude
resolution.
This is essentially the
same as no window.
Transients or bursts, the signal levels
before and after the event are nearly
equal.
Equal-amplitude sine waves with
fixed frequencies.
Broadband random noise with a
relatively slow varying spectrum.
Better frequency, poorer
magnitude accuracy than
Rectangular.
Sine, periodic, and narrow-band
random noise.
Hamming has slightly
better frequency
resolution than Hanning.
Transients or bursts where the signal
levels before and after the events are
significantly different.
Best magnitude, worst
frequency resolution.
Single frequency waveforms, to Find
higher order harmonics.
User‟s Guide for DS1000CA Series
RIGOL
Term Explanations
FFT Resolution: The quotient between sampling rate and number of FFT
points. With a fixed FFT points, the lower sampling rate results in better
resolution.
Nyquist Frequency
The highest frequency that any real-time digitizing oscilloscope can acquire
without aliasing. It‟s normally half of the sample rate. This frequency is called
the Nyquist frequency. Frequency above the Nyquist frequency will be under
sampled, causing a situation known as aliasing.
User‟s Guide for DS1000CA Series
2-17
RIGOL
REF function
Reference Waveforms are saved waveforms to be selected for display. The reference
function will be available after saving the selected waveform to non-volatile memory.
Press REF button to display the Reference waveform menu.
Figure 2-18
Table 2-9 REF menu when using internal memory
Menu
Source
Location
Figure 2-19
Comments
CH1
Select channel1 as REF channel.
CH2
Select channel2 as REF channel.
MATH/FFT
Select MATH/FFT as REF channel.
Internal
External
Select memory location in scope.
Select memory location out scope.
Save
Save REF waveform
Imp./Exp.
Go to import/export menu (see
table 2-11).
Reset
Reset REF waveform.
Table 2-10 REF menu when using external memory
Menu
Source
Location
2-18
Settings
Settings
Comments
CH1
Select channel1 as REF channel.
CH2
Select channel2 as REF channel.
MATH/FFT
Select Math/FFT as REF channel.
Internal
External
Select memory location in scope.
Select memory location out scope.
Save
Save REF waveform to outer memory
location.
Import
Go to import menu (see table 2-15).
Reset
Reset REF waveform.
User‟s Guide for DS1000CA Series
RIGOL
1. Import and Export
Switch in external memory and select Internal location.
Then, press REF →Imp. /Exp. and go to the following interface.
Figure 2-20 Import of export the figure
Figure 2-21
Table 2-11 The Imp. /Exp. menu
Menu
Settings
Explorer
Path
Directory
File
Comments
Switch to Path, directory or file.
Export
Export the REF file from internal
memory to export memory (see table
2-12).
Import
Import the REF file to internal memory.
Delete
File
Delete file.
User‟s Guide for DS1000CA Series
2-19
RIGOL
2. Export
Switch in external memory and select Internal location.
Then, press REF→Imp. /Exp.→ Export and go to the following interface.
Figure 2-22 Figure export
Figure 2-23
Table 2-12 The Export menu
Menu
Settings
Comments
Move the cursor up.
Move the cursor down.
To delete chosen letter.
Save
2-20
Execute the operation.
User‟s Guide for DS1000CA Series
RIGOL
3. Save to External memory
Switch in external memory and select External location.
Then, press REF→Save and go to the following interface.
Figure 2-24 Save the figure
Figure 2-25
Table 2-13 The Save menu
Menu
Explorer
Settings
Path
Directory
File
Comments
Switch among Path, Directory and
File.
New File
(Folder)
Set up new file in Path and File.
Set up new folder in directory.
Delete File
(Folder)
Delete file (Folder).
User‟s Guide for DS1000CA Series
2-21
RIGOL
4. New File (or New Folder)
Switch in external memory and select External location.
Then, press REF→Save→New File (or New Folder) and go to the following
interface.
File Name
Key In
Spell Key In
Character
Window
Switch Capital On/Off
Switch Chinese/English
Figure 2-26 Input interface
Figure 2-27
Table 2-14 The New File menu
Menu
Settings
Comments
Move the cursor up.
Move the cursor down.
To delete chosen letter.
Save
2-22
Execute the operation.
User‟s Guide for DS1000CA Series
RIGOL
5. Import
Switch in external memory and select External location.
Then, press REF→Import and go to the following interface.
Figure 2-28 Figure import
Figure 2-29
Table 2-15 The Import menu
Menu
Settings
Comments
Explorer
Path
Directory
File
Switch among Path, Directory and File.
Import
User‟s Guide for DS1000CA Series
Import the REF file into internal
memory.
2-23
RIGOL
6. Display a Reference Waveform
Figure 2-30 Reference waveform display
Operation Explanations:
1. Push REF button to show the reference waveform menu.
2. Press soft button 1 to select the reference channel: CH1, CH2, MATH/FFT.
3. Turn vertical
and vertical
to adjust the REF waveform
to a suitable position.
4. Press soft button No.2 to select the save location of REF waveform.
5. Press soft button No.3 to save the waveform as REF.
NOTE: The Reference function is not available in X-Y mode.
2-24
User‟s Guide for DS1000CA Series
RIGOL
To Set Up the Horizontal System
Press MENU button to enter the horizontal setting system.
Figure 2-31
Table 2-16 The Horizontal menu
Menu
Delayed
Time Base
Settings
ON
OFF
Turn on Delayed Scan mode.
Turn off the Delayed Scan mode.
Y-T
Y-axis indicates vertical voltage,
X-axis indicates horizontal time.
Y-axis indicates voltage of CH2,
X-axis indicates voltage of CH1.
The waveform display updates
from right to left.
X-Y
Roll[1]
Trig-offset Reset
Comments
Reset
Adjust to the center.
NOTE:
[1] No trigger or horizontal offset control of waveforms is available
during Roll Mode, and it‟s only available when set to 500ms/div
or slower.
Term Explanations:
Slow Scan Mode: This mode is available when the horizontal time base is
set to 50ms or slower. In this mode, the oscilloscope acquires sufficient
data for the left part to the trigger point, then wait for trigger, when trigger
occurs, it continue to draw the rest part from the trigger point to the end of
the right side. When choosing this mode to view low frequency signals, it is
recommended that the channel coupling should be set as DC.
User‟s Guide for DS1000CA Series
2-25
RIGOL
The Horizontal Knobs
The horizontal controls change the horizontal scale and position of waveforms. The
horizontal center of the screen is the time reference for waveforms. Changing the
horizontal scale causes the waveform to expand or contract with respect to the
screen center. Horizontal position changes the displayed waveform position, relative
to the trigger point.
1. Horizontal
knob is used to adjust the horizontal position of all
channel (include Math) waveforms. The resolution of this control varies with the
time base. Pressing this button clears trigger offset and moves the trigger point
to the horizontal center of the screen.
2. Horizontal
is used to select the horizontal time/div (scale factor) for
the main or the Delayed Scan time base. When Delayed Scan is enabled, it
changes the width of the window zone by changing the Delayed Scan time base.
2-26
User‟s Guide for DS1000CA Series
RIGOL
Delayed Scan
The Delayed Scan is a magnified portion of the main waveform window. Use
Delayed Scan to locate and horizontally expand part of the main waveform window
for a more detailed (higher horizontal resolution) analysis of signal. The Delayed
Scan time base setting cannot be set slower than the Main time base setting.
Press MENU→Delayed→ON, or press horizontal
scan function. See the waveform below.
knob to turn on delayed
Waveform to be Horizontally Expanded
Time Base of
Delayed Scan
Expanded Waveform in Horizontal
Main Timebase
Figure 2-32 Delayed Scan windows
The screen splits into two parts as above:
The upper half displays the main waveform window and the lower half displays an
expanded portion of the main waveform window. This expanded portion of the main
window is called the Delayed Scan window. Two blocks shaded at the upper half; the
un-shaded portion is expanded in the lower half. The horizontal
and
knobs control the size and position of the Delayed Scan. The value at
bottom of the screen is the main time base and the value on the center bottom
means the Delayed Scan time.
User‟s Guide for DS1000CA Series
2-27
RIGOL
X-Y Format
This format is useful for studying phase relationships between two signals.
CH1 in the horizontal axis(X) and CH2 in the vertical axis(Y), the oscilloscope uses a
none-trigger acquisition mode, data is displayed as dots.
Press MENU→Time Base→X-Y to enter X-Y mode.
Figure 2-33 X-Y display format
The oscilloscope could capture waveform with arbitrary sample rate in Y-T mode
(2GSa/s maximum for single channel, 1GSa/s maximum for double channels). While,
in X-Y mode, the sample rate is up to 500MSa/s. Generally, the sample rate is more
lower, the Lissajous graphics is more better.
The following modes or functions will not work in X-Y format.







2-28
Cursor Measurements
Pass/Fail Test
REF or MATH Operations
Delayed Scan Mode
Vector Display Mode
Horizontal
knob
Trigger Controls
User‟s Guide for DS1000CA Series
RIGOL
To Set Up the Trigger System
The trigger determines when the oscilloscope starts to acquire data and display a
waveform. When a trigger is set up properly, it can convert unstable displays or
blank screens into meaningful waveforms.
When the oscilloscope starts to acquire a waveform, it collects enough data so that it
can draw the waveform to the left of the trigger point. The oscilloscope continues to
acquire data while waiting for the trigger condition to occur. After it detects a trigger,
the oscilloscope continues to acquire enough data so that it can draw the waveform
to the right of the trigger point.
Press MENU button to enter trigger system setting interface.
Figure 2-34 Trigger controls
DS1000CA provides five trigger modes: Edge, Pulse, Slope, Video and Alternative.
Edge: An edge trigger occurs when the trigger input passes through a specified
voltage level in the specified slope direction.
Pulse: Use this trigger type to catch pulses with certain pulse width.
Video: Use video trigger on fields or lines for standard video signals.
Slope: The oscilloscope begins to trigger according to the signal rising or falling
speed.
Alternative: Trigger on non-synchronized signals.
User‟s Guide for DS1000CA Series
2-29
RIGOL
Edge Trigger
An edge trigger determines whether the oscilloscope finds the trigger point on the
rising or the falling edge of a signal. Select Edge trigger Mode to trigger on Rising
edge, falling edge or rising & falling edge.
Press MENU→Mode→Edge to enter the following menu.
Figure 2-35 Table 2-17 The Trigger menu
Menu
Source
Settings
CH1
CH2
EXT
EXT/5
AC Line
Set up
2-30
Select CH1 as trigger signal.
Select CH2 as trigger signal.
Select EXT TRIG as trigger signal.
Select attenuated EXT TRIG/5 as trigger
signal.
Select power line as trigger signal.
Trigger on rising edge.
Trigger on falling edge.
Trigger on both ring & falling edge.
Slope
Sweep
Comments
Auto
Normal
Single
Acquire waveform even no trigger occurred.
Acquire waveform when trigger occurred.
When trigger occurs, acquire one waveform
then stop.
To go to Set Up menu, see table 2-32
User‟s Guide for DS1000CA Series
RIGOL
Pulse Width Trigger
Pulse trigger occurs according to the width of pulse. The abnormal signals can be
detected through setting up the pulse width condition.
Press MENU→Mode→Pulse to enter the following menu.
Figure 2-36 Table 2-18 The Trigger menu (Page 1/2)
Menu
Source
Settings
CH1
CH2
EXT
EXT/5
Selects CH1 as trigger signal.
Select CH2 as trigger signal.
Select EXT TRIG as trigger signal.
Select attenuated EXT TRIG/5 as trigger
signal.
Set
Set
Set
Set
Set
Set
When
Settings
Comments
<Width>
Pulse width as “+pulse width less than”
Pulse width as “+pulse width more than”
Pulse width as “+pulse width equal to”
Pulse width as “-pulse width less than”
Pulse width as “-pulse width more than”
Pulse width as “-pulse width equal to”
Set required pulse width.
Figure 2-37 Table 2-19 The Trigger menu (Page 2/2)
Menu
Sweep
Settings
Auto
Normal
Single
Set Up
Comments
Acquire waveform even no trigger occurred.
Acquire waveform when trigger occurred.
When trigger occurs, acquire one waveform
and then stop.
To go to Set Up menu, see table 2-32.
NOTE: The adjustable range of Pulse width is 20ns to 10s. When the
condition is met, it will trigger and acquire the waveform.
User‟s Guide for DS1000CA Series
2-31
RIGOL
Video Trigger
Choose video trigger to trigger on fields or lines of NTSC, PAL, or SECAM standard
video signals. Trigger coupling preset to DC.
Press MENU→Mode→Video to enter the following menu.
Figure 2-38 Table 2-20 The Video Trigger menu (Page 1/2)
Menu
Source
Settings
CH1
CH2
EXT
EXT/5
Selects CH1 as trigger source.
Select CH2 as trigger source.
Select EXT TRIG as trigger source.
Select EXT TRIG/5 as trigger source.
Triggers on negative going sync pulses.
Polarity
Sync
Comments
Triggers on positive going sync pulses.
All Lines
Line Num
Odd field
Even field
Trigger on all lines.
Trigger on an specified line.
Select to trigger on odd field.
Select to trigger on even field.
Figure 2-39 Table 2-21 The Video Trigger menu (Page 2/2, when Sync is set as the
specified line)
Menu
Settings
Standard
PAL/SECM
NTSC
Auto
Sweep
Normal
Single
Set Up
2-32
Comments
Select Video standard.
Force the oscilloscope to trigger in the
absence of trigger condition.
Lets oscilloscope to trigger in the suitable
trigger condition.
Lets oscilloscope to trigger one time in the
suitable trigger condition, and then stop.
To go to set up menu, see table 2-33.
User‟s Guide for DS1000CA Series
RIGOL
Figure 2-40 Table 2-22 The Video Trigger menu (When the Sync is set as All lines,
Odd field and Even field)
Menu
Settings
Standard
PAL/SECAM
NTSC
Auto
Sweep
Normal
Single
Set Up
Comments
Select Video standard.
Force the oscilloscope to trigger in the
absence of trigger condition.
Lets oscilloscope to trigger in the
suitable trigger condition.
Lets oscilloscope to trigger one time in
the suitable trigger condition, then stop.
To go to set up menu, see table 2-33.
Key points
Sync Pulses: When Normal Polarity is selected, the trigger always occurs
on negative-going sync pulses. If the video signal has positive-going sync
pulses, use the inverted Polarity.
Select “Line Synchronization”:
Select “Filed Synchronization”:
Figure 2-41
Video Trigger: Line Synchronization
Figure 2-42
Video Trigger: Field Synchronization
User‟s Guide for DS1000CA Series
2-33
RIGOL
Slope Trigger
Slope trigger sets the oscilloscope as the positive/negative slope trigger within the
specified time.
Press MENU→Mode→Slope to enter the following menu.
Figure 2-43
Table 2-23 The Slope Trigger menu (Page 1/2)
Menu
Settings
CH1
Source
CH2
EXT
EXT/5
When
Time
Figure 2-44
<Time Set>
Set
Set
Set
Set
channel 1 as trigger source.
channel 2 as trigger source.
EXT. channel as trigger source.
EXT/5 as trigger source.
Set
Set
Set
Set
Set
Set
slope condition
slope condition
slope condition
slope condition
slope condition
slope condition
as
as
as
as
as
as
“+slope more than”
“+slope less than”
“+slope equal to”
“-slope more than”
“-slope less than”
“-slope equal to”
Set slope time.
Table 2-24 The Slope Trigger menu (Page2/2)
Menu
Settings
.
Auto
Sweep
Normal
Single
Set Up
Comments
Select the level that can be adjusted by
Vertical
2-34
Comments
Force the oscilloscope to trigger in the
absence of trigger condition.
Lets oscilloscope to trigger in the suitable
trigger condition.
Lets oscilloscope to trigger one time in the
suitable trigger condition, then stop.
To go to set up menu. See Table 2-32.
User‟s Guide for DS1000CA Series
RIGOL
NOTE: Slope time can be set from 20ns to 10s. When a signal meets the trigger
condition, scope will execute the acquisition. You can adjust LEVEL A/ LEVEL B or
both simultaneous by turning the
User‟s Guide for DS1000CA Series
knob.
2-35
RIGOL
Alternative Trigger
When alternative trigger is on, the trigger sources come from two vertical channels.
This mode can be used to observe two non-related signals. You can choose two
different trigger modes for the two vertical channels. The options are as follows:
Edge, Pulse, Slope and video. The info of the trigger level of the two channels will be
displayed on the upper-right of the screen.
Press MENU→Mode→Alternative to enter the following menu.
Figure 2-45
Table 2-25 The Alternative menu (Trigger Type: Edge)
Menu
Select
Type
Figure 2-46
CH1
Comments
CH2
Set trigger mode for Channel 1.
Set trigger mode for Channel 2.
Edge
Set Edge Trigger as the trigger type.
Slope
Trigger on rising edge.
Trigger on falling edge.
Trigger on both ring & falling edge.
Set Up
To go to set up menu. See Table 2-32.
Table 2-26 The Alternative menu (Trigger Type: Pulse Page 1/2)
Menu
Select
Type
When
2-36
Settings
Settings
CH1
Comments
CH2
Set trigger mode for Channel 1.
Set trigger mode for Channel 2.
Pulse
Set Pulse Trigger for the channel.
Set
Set
Set
Set
Set
Set
Pulse width as “+pulse width less than”
Pulse width as “+pulse width more than”
Pulse width as “+pulse width equal to”
Pulse width as “-pulse width less than”
Pulse width as “-pulse width more than”
Pulse width as “-pulse width equal to”
User‟s Guide for DS1000CA Series
RIGOL
Figure 2-47
Table 2-27 The Alternative menu (Trigger Type: Pulse Page 2/2)
Men
u
Setting
Settings
<pulse width>
Set Up
Figure 2-48
Set the width of the pulse.
To go to set up menu. See Table 2-32.
Table 2-28 The Alternative menu (Trigger Type: Slope Page 1/2)
Menu
Settings
Select
Type
When
Figure 2-49
Comments
CH1
Comments
CH2
Set trigger mode for Channel 1.
Set trigger mode for Channel 2.
Slope
Set Slope Trigger for the vertical channel.
Set
Set
Set
Set
Set
Set
slope condition
slope condition
slope condition
slope condition
slope condition
slope condition
as
as
as
as
as
as
“+slope more than”
“+slope less than”
“+slope equal to”
“-slope more than”
“-slope less than”
“-slope equal to”
Table 2-29 The Alternative menu (Trigger Type: Slope Page 2/2)
Menu
Time
Vertical
Set Up
User‟s Guide for DS1000CA Series
Settings
<Time Set >
Comments
Set slope time.
Select the level to be adjusted by
.
To go to set up menu. See Table 2-32
and table 2-33.
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Figure 2-50
Table 2-30 The Alternative menu (Trigger Type: Video Page 1/2)
Menu
Select
Type
Settings
CH1
CH2
Set trigger mode for Channel 1.
Set trigger mode for Channel 2.
Video
Video Trigger for the channel.
Trigger on negative going sync pulses.
Trigger on positive going sync pulses.
Polarity
Figure 2-51
Table 2-31 The Alternative menu (Trigger Mode: Video Page 2/2)
Menu
Sync
Line Num
Standard
Set Up
2-38
Comments
Settings
Comments
ALL lines
Line Num
Odd field
Even field
Trigger on all lines.
Trigger on an specified line.
Select to trigger on odd field or even
field.
<Lines Set >
Select the specified line number for
sync.
PAL/SECM
NTSC
Select Video standard.
To go to set up menu. See Table
2-33.
User‟s Guide for DS1000CA Series
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Trigger Settings
Set up different trigger settings according to different trigger modes. When in the
mode of Edge and Pulse, only Holdoff is adjustable. When source is non-digital
channel and in slope trigger, only trigger coupling, trigger sensitivity and Holdoff can
be set. For video trigger, Sensitivity and Holdoff can be set.
Figure 2-52
Table 2-32 The Trigger Set Up menu (Settings for trigger coupling,
trigger sensitivity and holdoff)
Menu
Coupling
Sensitivity
Holdoff
Holdoff
Figure 2-53
Settings
DC
AC
HF Reject
LF Reject
<Sensitivity Setting>
<Holdoff Setting>
Reset
Comments
Allow all signals pass.
Block DC signals.
Reject high frequency signals.
Reject DC and low frequency
signals.
Set trigger sensitivity.
Set time slot before another
trigger event.
Reset Holdoff time to 500ns.
Table 2-33 The Trigger Set Up menu (Settings for sensitivity and
holdoff)
Menu
Sensitivity
Holdoff
Holdoff
User‟s Guide for DS1000CA Series
Settings
<Sensitivity Setting>
Comments
Set trigger sensitivity.
<Holdoff Setting>
Set time slot before another
trigger event.
Reset
Reset Holdoff time to 500ns.
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Trigger Holdoff
Use trigger Holdoff to stabilize a complex waveform, such as a pulse range. Holdoff
time is the oscilloscope‟s waiting period before starting a new trigger. During Holdoff,
oscilloscope will not trigger until Holdoff ends. For instance: To trigger on the first
pulse on a group of them, users can set the holdoff time to Pulse cluster width.
Trigger Position
Time of Holdoff
Figure 2-54 Trigger Holdoff
Operation Explanations:
1
2
3
4
2-40
Press the trigger MENU button to display the Menu.
Press Set Up key to display trigger set up menu.
Turn the multi function knob ( ) to change Holdoff time until waveform is
stable.
Pushing Trigger Hold off reset to reset the Holdoff time to its default value.
User‟s Guide for DS1000CA Series
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Trigger Terms Explanation
1. Trigger Source:
Trigger occurs from several sources: Input channels (CH1 and CH2), AC Line,
Ext, Ext/5.
 Input Channels:
It is the most commonly used trigger source. The channel works when selected
as a trigger source whatever displayed.
 Ext Trig:
The instrument can be triggered from a third source while acquiring data from
CH1 and CH2. For example, to trigger from an external clock or with a signal
from another part of the test circuit. The Ext, Ext/5 trigger sources use an
external trigger signal connected to the EXT TRIG connector. Ext uses the signal
directly; it has a trigger level range of +1.6 V to -1.6 V. The EXT/5 trigger source
attenuates the signal by 5X, which extends the trigger level range to +8 V to -8
V allowing the oscilloscope to trigger on a larger signal.

AC Line:
AC power can be used to display signals related to the power line frequency,
such as lighting equipment and power supply devices. The oscilloscope gets
triggered on its AC power input, an AC trigger signal is not required.
2. Sweep Mode:
The sweep mode determines how the oscilloscope behaves in the absence of a
trigger event. The oscilloscope provides three trigger modes: Auto, Normal, and
Single.

Auto:
This sweep mode allows the oscilloscope to acquire waveforms even when it
does not detect a trigger condition. If no trigger condition occurs while the
oscilloscope is waiting for a specific period (as determined by the time-base
setting), it will force itself to trigger.
When forcing invalid triggers, the oscilloscope cannot synchronize the
waveform, and the waveform seems to roll across the display. If valid triggers
User‟s Guide for DS1000CA Series
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occur, the display becomes stable on the screen.
Any factor results in the un-stability of waveforms can be detected by Auto
Trigger, such as the output of Power supply.
NOTE: When horizontal control is set under 50 ms/div, Auto mode allows the
oscilloscope not to capture trigger signal.

Normal:
The Normal mode allows the oscilloscope to acquire a waveform only when it is
triggered. If no trigger occurs, the oscilloscope keeps waiting, and the previous
waveform, if any, will remain on the display.

Single:
In Single mode, after pressing the RUN/STOP key, the oscilloscope waits for
trigger. While the trigger occurs, the oscilloscope acquires one waveform then
stop.
3. Coupling:
Trigger coupling determines which signal component passing to the trigger circuit.
Coupling types include AC, DC, LF Reject and HF Reject.
AC: AC coupling blocks DC components.
DC: DC coupling passes both AC and DC components.
LF Reject: LF Reject coupling blocks DC component, and attenuates all signal
with a frequency lower than 8 kHz.
HF Reject: HF Reject coupling attenuates all signals with a frequency higher
than 150 kHz.




4. Pre-trigger/delayed trigger:
The data collected before and after trigger.
The trigger position is typically set at the horizontal center of the screen. In the
full-screen display the 6div data of pre-trigger and delayed trigger can be
surveyed. More data (14div) of pre-trigger and 1s delayed trigger can be
surveyed by adjusting the horizontal
knob.
This feature is very useful to study the events that led up to the trigger point.
Everything to the right of the trigger point is called post-trigger information. The
delay range (pre-trigger and post-trigger information) depends on the sweep
speed selected.
2-42
User‟s Guide for DS1000CA Series
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5. Adjustable trigger sensitivity:
To avoid the influence of noise from the physical world, and get the stable trigger,
the trigger circuit has adopted Stickiness. In DS1000CA series, the stickiness is
adjustable from 0.1div-1.0div, which means when it sets to 1.0div, the trigger
circuit will not affect any signal with peak-peak amplitude less than 1.0div, so as
to avoid the influence of the noise.
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To Set Up the Sampling System
Figure 2-55 shows the menu button for acquire system on the front panel.
Acquire Setup Button
Figure 2-55 Acquire button
Press Acquire button, the interface menu shows as follows:
Figure 2-56
Table 2-34 The Acquire menu
Menu
Settings
Comments
Acquisition
Normal
Average
Peak Detect
Normal Acquisition mode.
Average Acquisition mode.
Peak Detect Acquisition mode.
Averages[1]
2 to 256
Step by 2 N times the power. Set
average times from 2 to 256.
Sampling
Real-Time
Equ-Time
Real-time sampling mode.
Equivalent sampling mode.
Sinx/x[2]
ON
OFF
Set the insert mode is Sinx or
Line.
Sa Rate[3]
Display sampling rate.
NOTES:
[1] This function appears when acquisition as “Average”.
[2] This function appears when sampling as “Real-Time”.
[3] Sample rate of CH1 and CH2 will be displayed respectively in alternative trigger
mode.
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User‟s Guide for DS1000CA Series
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The waveform displayed on the screen will change in conjunction with the setting of
Acquire menu.




To reduce the displayed random noise, select the Average Acquisition. This
mode would make the screen refresh slower.
To Avoid signal aliasing, select Peak Detect Acquisition.
Select Real-time acquisition to observe the single-shot or pulse signals.
Select Equ-Time to observe high frequency repetitive signals.
Figure 2-57
Signal that contains noise, and without average sampling
Figure 2-58
Display signal after average sampling
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2-45
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Figure 2-59
Adopt Normal acquisition
Figure 2-60
Adopt peak detect acquisition, signal contains envelope
Key points
Stop Acquisition:
When the scope is acquiring waveforms, the
waveforms is in a live status; when acquisition is stopped, frozen waveform
will be displayed, the position and scale can still be adjusted by vertical
control and horizontal control.
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User‟s Guide for DS1000CA Series
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Term Explanations
Real-time Sampling: DS1000CA has Real-time sampling rate up to
2GSa/s. At the time base 20ns or faster, the oscilloscopes use the sine(x)/x
interpolation to expand the horizontal time base.
Equivalent sampling: Known as Repetitive sampling to get up to 20ps of
horizontal resolution (equivalent 50Gsa/s). This mode is good for observing
repetitive signals, and it is not recommended for single-shot or pulse.
Normal Acquisition: Oscilloscope acquires signal by equal time interval.
Average Acquisition: Apply averaging to your signal to remove
uncorrelated noise and improve measurement accuracy. Reduces random
or uncorrelated noise in the signal display. The averaged waveform is a
running average over a specified number of acquisitions from 2 to 256.
Peak Detect: Peak Detect mode captures the maximum and minimum
values of a signal. Finds highest and lowest record points over many
acquisitions.
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To Set Up the Display System
Figure 2-61 shows the menu button for the display system on the front panel.
Display Setup Button
Figure 2-61 Display button
Press the Display button, the interface menu for settings shows as follows.
Figure 2-62
Table 2-35 The Display menu (Page 1/3)
Menu
Type
Setting
Vectors
Dots
Intensity
Display waveforms as vectors.
Display waveforms as dots.
Clear all existing waveforms from
screen.
Clear
Persist
Comments
OFF
Infinite
<percentage>
Turn off the persistence function.
The sample points remain displayed
until turn the persistence “OFF”.
Set up waveform intensity
(0%~100%).
Key points
Display type: Display type includes Vector and Dot. In vectors type,
oscilloscope connects dots through digital interpolation including both linearity
and sin(x)/x. Sin(x)/x interpolation is suitable for Real-time sampling and will
be more effective at 50ns or faster time base.
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User‟s Guide for DS1000CA Series
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Figure 2-63 Table 2-36 The Display menu (Page 2/3)
Menu
Settings
Normal
Function
Intensity
Figure 2-64
The waveform is displayed at the
same intensity.
The intensity of waveforms is
connecting to probability.
Display grids and coordinates on the
screen.
Turn off the grids.
Turn off the grids and coordinates.
Grid
Menu
Display
Comments
1s
2s
5s
10s
20s
Infinite
Set the time before menu fades away.
The menu will be hidden after the set
time of last button pressing.
Table 2-37 The Display menu (Page 3/3)
Menu
Brightness
Screen
Settings
<percentage>
Normal
Inverted
Comments
Set up grid brightness.
Set to normal mode.
Set to invert color display mode.
Term Explanations
Refresh rate: It is an important performance of digital oscilloscopes. It means
the number of display refreshing per second and it will affect the ability to
observe signal.
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Adjusting waveform intensity
Default setup of multi-function knob (
2-50
) is adjusting waveform intensity.
User‟s Guide for DS1000CA Series
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To Store and Recall Waveforms or Setups
Figure 2-65 shows the menu button for the storage system on the front panel.
Storage Setup Button
Figure 2-65 Storage button
Press the Storage button, the interface menu for settings shows as follows.
Figure 2-66
Table 2-38 The Storage menu (Waveform or Setups storage)
Menu
Storage[1]
Settings
Waveform
Setups
Bit map
CSV
Factory
[2]
Comments
Store or recall waveform.
Store or recall instrument setups.
Create or delete bit map files.
Create or delete CSV files.
Recall factory setups.
Internal
Go to menu for internal memory
operation (see Table 2-42).
External
Go to menu for external memory
operation (see Table 2-43).
Disk Mana.
Go to disk manage menu (see
Table 2-44).
NOTES:
[1] The waveform and setups files in internal memory can be saved, loaded and
deleted. While, the waveform, setups, bit map and CSV files in external memory
can be created and deleted. To restore the factory settings, please select
“Factory”.
[2] Both waveforms and status settings could be saved in “Waveform Storage”.
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Figure 2-67
Table 2-39 The Storage menu (Bit Map storage)
Menu
Settings
Storage
Bit map
Para Save
On
Off
External
Disk Mana.
Figure 2-68
Storage
Data
Depth
Para Save
Settings
Save the current oscilloscope
settings in different format with the
same file name.
Go to menu for external memory
operation (see Table 2-43).
Go to disk manage menu (see Table
2-44).
Comments
CSV
Create or delete CSV files.
Displayed
Save currently displayed waveform
data to CSV file.
Save the whole waveform data in
memory to CSV file.
Save the current oscilloscope
settings in different format with the
same file name.
Go to menu for external memory
operation (see Table 2-43).
Go to disk manage menu (see Table
2-44).
Maximum
On
Off
External
Disk Mana.
Table 2-41 The Storage menu (Factory storage)
Menu
Storage
2-52
Create or delete bit map files.
Table 2-40 The Storage menu (CSV storage)
Menu
Figure 2-69
Comments
Settings
Factory
Comments
Recall factory setups.
Load
Recall factory setups or files.
Disk Mana.
Go to disk manage menu (see Table
2-44).
User‟s Guide for DS1000CA Series
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Internal Memory
Press Storage→Internal to go to the following menu.
Figure 2-70
Table 2-42 The Internal Memory menu
Menu
Internal
Settings
Comments
Int_00 (S)
Int_01 (S)
.
.
Int_09 (N)
Set up the location of files in
internal memory among Int_00 to
Int_09. Thereinto, S in brackets
indicates the location has storage
file, N indicates has not.
Load
Recall waveform files and setup
files from the internal memory
location.
Save
Save waveform files and setup
files to the internal memory
location.
Delete File
Delete the files
NOTE: To ensure the setups being saved properly, only after the settings are
changed for more than 5 seconds can the user turn off the instrument. The
oscilloscope can store 10 settings permanently and can restore at anytime.
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External Memory
Switch in external memory, press Storage→ External to go to the following menu.
Current
Path
Back to
Previous
Directory
Files
Current
Directory
File Information
Figure 2-71 File system
Figure 2-72
Table 2-43 The External Memory menu
Menu
Settings
Comments
Explorer
Path
Directory
File
Switch among Path, Directory and File.
New File
(Folder)
Delete
File
(Folder)
Load
2-54
To create new file or folder.
Delete file (Folder).
Recall waveform and setup from USB
storage device.
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Disk Management
Press Storage→Disk Mana. to go to the following menu.
Figure 2-73
Table 2-44 The Disk Management menu (Page 1/2)
Menu
Explorer
Figure 2-74
Settings
Path
Directory
File
Comments
Switch among Path, Directory and
File.
New folder
To create new folder (same as new
files).
Delete File
Delete file.
Load
Recall waveform, setup, recorded
waveform, Pass/Fail file.
Table 2-45 The Disk Management menu (Page 2/2)
Menu
Settings
Comments
Rename
To rename a file (see Table 2-46).
Disk info
Display disk information.
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1.
Disk Information
Press Storage →Disk Mana →Diskinfo to go to the disk information interface.
Figure 2-75 Disk information interface
2.
Rename
Press Storage→Disk Mana.→Rename to go to the following interface.
Figure 2-76
Rename the file
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User‟s Guide for DS1000CA Series
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Figure 2-77 Table 2-46 The Rename menu
Menu
Settings
Comments
To move the cursor up.
To move the cursor down.
To delete chosen letter.
OK
Rename the file.
Key point
Factory: The oscilloscope has default settings and can be recalled at
anytime by user.
Memory location: Specify the memory location to save/recall the
waveforms and setups.
Load: Recall saved waveforms, setups and default settings.
Save: Save waveforms and setups.
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To Set Up the Utility
Figure 2-78 shows the menu button for the Utility on the front panel.
System Function Setup Button
Figure 2-78 Utility button
Press the Utility button to show the menu of the settings in the Utility system.
Figure 2-79
Table 2-47 The Utility menu (Page 1/3)
Menu
Setting
I/O setting
Sound
Counter
Comments
Setup I/O configuration.
(ON)
(OFF)
OFF
ON
Turn beeper sound on/off.
Turn off Frequency Counter.
Turn on Frequency Counter.
简体中文
繁体中文
Language
2-58
English
日本語
Français
…
Select languages.
User‟s Guide for DS1000CA Series
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Figure 2-80 Table 2-48 The Utility menu (Page 2/3)
Menu
Figure 2-81
Settings
Comments
Pass/Fail
Setup Pass/Fail test.
Record
Setup Waveform Recorder.
Print set
Setup printing.
Table 2-49 The Utility menu (3/3)
Menu
Settings
Comments
Self-Cal
Execute Self-calibration.
Service
Go to service menu.
Preference
Go to preference menu.
Term Explanations:
Self-Cal: Oscilloscope will calibrate parameter of vertical system (CH1,
CH2, and Ext), horizontal system and trigger system.
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I/O Setup
Press Utility → I/O setting to go to the following menu.
Figure 2-82
Table 2-50 The I/O Setup menu
Menu
RS-232
Baud
Display
300
.
.
Comments
Set RS-232 baud rate as 300, 2400,
4800, 9600, 19200 or 38400.
38400
GPIB#
2-60
0 to 30
Set the GPIB address.
User‟s Guide for DS1000CA Series
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Language
The DS1000CA series oscilloscopes have multi-language user menu, choose as your
desire.
Press Utility→Language to select the language.
Figure 2-83 Language interface
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Pass/Fail
The Pass/Fail function monitors changes of signals and output pass or fail signals by
comparing the input signal is within the pre-defined mask. The testing results not
only can be displayed on screen or output by isolated pass/fail port but also can be
alarmed if turn on system sound.
Press Utility→Pass/Fail to go to the following menu.
Figure 2-84
Table 2-51 The Pass/Fail menu (Page 1/2)
Menu
Setting
Enable Test
ON
OFF
Turn on Pass/Fail test.
Turn off Pass/Fail test.
Source
CH1
CH2
Select Pass/Fail test on CH1.
Select Pass/Fail test on CH2.
(RUN)
Operate
■ (STOP)
ON
Msg display
OFF
Figure 2-85
Pass/Fail test stopped, press to run.
Pass/Fail test running, press to stop.
Turn on Pass/Fail information display.
Turn off Pass/Fail information display.
Table 2-52 The Pass/Fail menu (Page 2/2)
Menu
Settings
Fail
Fail +
Output
Pass
Pass +
Stop
on Output
Mask Setting
2-62
Comments
ON
OFF
Comments
Output when Fail condition detected.
Output and beep when Fail condition
detected.
Output when Pass condition detected.
Output and beep when Pass condition
detected.
Stop test when output occur.
Continue test when output occur.
Go to mask setting menu.
User‟s Guide for DS1000CA Series
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1.
Mask Setting
Press Utility→Pass/Fail→Mask Setting to go to the following menu.
Figure 2-86
Table 2-53 The Mask setting menu (Page 1/2)
Menu
X Mask
Y Mask
Settings
<x div>
Set horizontal clearance
waveform (0.04div-4.00div).
<y div>
Set vertical clearance to the waveform
(0.04div-4.00div).
Create
Mask
Location
Figure 2-87
Comments
to
the
Create a test mask according to the
above clearance.
Internal
External
Set the memory location of the mask
files.
Table 2-54 The Mask setting menu (Page 2/2)
When the save as internal memory
Menu
Settings
Comments
Save
Store created test mask into internal
memory.
Load
Recall mask setting file from internal
memory.
Imp./Exp.
Go to import/export menu (same as
REF import/export menu.).
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Figure 2-88
Table 2-55 The Mask setting menu (Page 2/2)
When the save as external memory
Menu
2.
Settings
Comments
Save
Go to save menu (same as REF save
menu).
Load
Go to load menu (see Table 2-56).
Import
Go to import menu. (The same as REF
import menu).
Mask Setting
Press Utility→Pass/Fail→Mask Setting→Load to go to the following menu.
Figure 2-89 Table 2-56 The Load menu
Menu
Explorer
Load
Settings
Path
Directory
File
Comments
Switch among Path, Directory and
File.
Recall the specified file.
NOTE: Pass/Fail function is unavailable in X-Y mode.
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User‟s Guide for DS1000CA Series
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3.
Pass/Fail connection
The Pass/Fail connection has an optically isolated output. It needs to connect to
another circuit to fulfill the function.
Before connecting to an external circuit, make sure the maximum
voltage/current does not exceed the internal photo MOS relay‟s rating,
400V/100mA. DS1000CA series adopts the technique of Optical Isolation, and
the output device has no polarity and can be used in any circuit within the
ratings.
Figure 2-90
Schematic Diagram of Pass/Fail output
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Waveform Recorder
Waveform recorder records input waveforms from CH1 and CH2, with a maximum
record length of 1000 frames. This performance can also be activated by the
Pass/Fail test output, which makes this function especially useful to capture
abnormal signals in long term without keeping an eye watching it. This function
contains four modes: OFF, Record, Play back and Storage. More details about the
function please refer to the following introduction.
1.
2.
OFF: It will close all record functions.
Record: To record waveform by selected time interval till the last frame.
Press Utility→Record→Mode→Record to go to the following menu
Figure 2-91
Table 2-57 The Record menu (Page 1/2)
Menu
Settings
Mode
OFF
Record
Play back
Storage
Turn off all recorder functions.
Select record mode.
Select play back mode.
Select storage mode.
Source
CH1
CH2
P/F-OUT
Select record source channel.
End Frame
<1-1000>
(Run)
Operate
(Stop)
2-66
Comments
Set number of record frames.
Record stopped, press to Start
recording.
Press to stop recording.
User‟s Guide for DS1000CA Series
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Figure 2-92
Table 2-58 The Record menu (Page 2/2)
Menu
Interval
3.
Settings
Comments
<1.00ms-1000s>
Set time interval
record frames.
between
Play back: Play back the recorded waveforms.
Figure 2-93
Table 2-59 The Play Back menu (Page 1/2)
Menu
Settings
Comments
(Run)
Play stopped, press to Start
playback.
Press to stop playing.
Operate
(Stop)
Set repeat play mode.
Set single time play mode.
Play mode
Interval
Figure 2-94
<1.00ms-20s>
Set up interval.
Table 2-60 The Play Back menu (Page 2/2)
Menu
Start Frame
Current
Frame
End Frame
User‟s Guide for DS1000CA Series
Settings
<1-1000>
<1-1000>
<1-1000>
Comments
Set start frame.
Select current frame to be played.
Set End frame.
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Key Points
The RUN/STOP button can also replay or continue the waveform display.
4.
Storage: Store recorded waveforms to non-volatile memory according to the
setup frames.
Figure 2-95
Table 2-61 The Storage menu (Page 1/2)
Menu
Start Frame
End Frame
Location
Figure 2-96
<1-1000>
<1-1000>
Internal
external
Comments
Set first frame to be saved.
Set last frame to be saved.
Set up Store location.
Table 2-62 The Storage menu when the save to Internal memory
(Page 2/2)
Menu
2-68
Settings
Settings
Comments
Save
Save recorded waveform to internal
memory location.
Load
Recall recorded waveform
internal memory location.
Imp./Exp.
Go to import/export menu (Same as
REF import/export menu).
from
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Figure 2-97
Table 2-63 The Storage menu when the save as external memory
(Page 2/2)
Menu
Settings
Comments
Save
Go to save menu (same as REF save
menu).
Load
Go to load menu (see Table 2-56).
Import
Go to import menu. (Same as REF
import menu).
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Print Set
DS1000CA series oscilloscopes support external printers.
Press Utility→ Print set to go to the following menu.
Figure 2-98
Table 2-64 The Print Set menu
Menu
Settings
Print
2-70
Comments
Execute print function.
Inverted
ON
OFF
Invert the color for print.
Print original color.
Palette
Gray scale
Color
Set up print color.
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Self-Calibration
The Self-Calibration adjusts the internal circuitry to get the best accuracy. Use these
functions to calibrate the vertical and horizontal systems. For maximum accuracy at
any time, run this calibration if the ambient temperature changes by 5℃ or more.
Before running this procedure, make sure that disconnect any probes or cables from
all channel inputs, otherwise failure or damage to the oscilloscope may occur. Then,
press Utility→ Self-Cal.
Figure 2-99 The Self-Calibration menu
NOTE: The oscilloscope must have been working or warm-up at least 30 minutes
before running self-calibration to get best accuracy.
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Service
Press Utility→Service to go to the following menu.
Figure 2-100
Table 2-65 The Service menu
Menu
Settings
System Info
Press to display system information.
Color Test
Press to run color test.
1.
System Information
Press Utility→Service→System Info to display the information of the
oscilloscope. Product Model, Serial No. Software version and Installed module
of the oscilloscope. Follow the prompting message “<<Press „RUN/STOP‟ Key to
Exit the Test>>" to exit this interface.
2.
Color Test
Select Color Test to enter the color test screen, the hue, saturation, brightness,
or red, green and blue components can be adjusted by turning the ( ) knob,
confirm selection by pushing the ( ) knob.
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Preference
Press Utility→Preference to go to the following menu
Figure 2-101 Table 2-66 The Preference menu (Page 1/2)
Menu
Display
Comments
Screen saver
1 min
.
.
5 hour
OFF
Set up screen saver timer.
Expand Refer.
Ground
Center
Set up waveform vertical expand
reference.
Set the Screen waveforms persist
or display the last sampling
waveforms in stopping moment.
Screen Persist
Classical
Modern
Tradition
Succinct
Skin
Set up skin style.
Figure 2-102 Table 2-67 The Preference menu (Page 2/2)
Menu
Display
Comments
Sticky key
Set up sticky state of CH1, CH2,
MATH, REF, Trig. Lev. and Trig. Pos.
Command
RIGOL or TEK
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Key Points
Screen saver: If oscilloscope is free for a pointed time, screen saver
function can be used. This function extends the life of LCD backlighting
system.
Expand reference: When changing the volts/div. for channels, the signal
expands or compresses around the signal ground level, or the center of the
screen. When Center is selected, the waveform will expand or compress
around the center of the display. When Ground is selected, the channel
ground level will remain the same position on the display and waveform will
zoom about the ground level.
Sticky key: If sticky feature is turned ON, when adjusting positions (CH1,
CH2, MATH, REF, Trig. Lev. and Trig. Pos.), the object will stop at zero
position until next adjustment, for the ease of getting back to initial
positions.
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To Measure Automatically
The Measure button in the menu area activates the automatic measurement
function. The instruction below shows the powerful measurement function of
DS1000CA series oscilloscopes.
Auto Measurement
Figure 2-103 Measure button
The oscilloscopes provide 20 auto measurements: Vpp, Vmax, Vmin, Vtop, Vbase,
Vamp, Vavg, Vrms, Overshoot, Preshoot, Freq, Period, Rise Time, Fall Time,
Delay1-2 , Delay1-2 , +Width, -Width, +Duty, -Duty (10 voltage and 10 timing
measurements).
Press the Measure button to display the menu of the Automatic Measurements
settings.
Figure 2-104
Table 2-68 The Measure menu
Menu
Source
Settings
CH1
CH2
Comments
Select CH1 or CH2 as source channel
for measurement.
Voltage
Select to measure voltage parameter.
Time
Select to measure time parameter.
Clear
Clear measurement result on screen.
Display
All
User‟s Guide for DS1000CA Series
OFF
ON
Turn off all measurement result.
Turn on al measurement result.
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1.
Page 1 for Voltage Measurements
Figure 2-105 Table 2-69 The Voltage Measurement menu
Menu
2.
Settings
Comments
Maximum
Measure maximum voltage of a
waveform.
Minimum
Measure minimum voltage of a
waveform.
Peak-Peak
Measure Peak-to-Peak Voltage.
Top
Measure a flat top voltage of a
square waveform.
Page 2 for voltage measurements
Figure 2-106 Table 2-70 The Voltage Measurement menu
Menu
3.
Settings
Comments
Base
Measure a flat base voltage of a
square waveform.
Amplitude
Measure voltage between Top and
Base.
Average
Measure average voltage of a
waveform.
RMS
Measure Root Mean Square Voltage
of a waveform.
Page 3 for Voltage Measurements
Figure 2-107 Table 2-71 The Voltage Measurement menu
Menu
2-76
Settings
Comments
Overshoot
Measure overshoot in percentage of
an edge.
Preshoot
Measure preshoot in percentage of
an edge.
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4.
Page 1 for Time Measurements
Figure 2-108 Table 2-72 The Time Measurement menu
Menu
5.
Settings
Comments
Period
Measure Period of a waveform.
Freq
Measure Frequency of a waveform.
Rise time
Measure Rise Time of a rising edge.
Fall time
Measure Fall Time of a falling edge.
Page 2 for Time Measurements
Figure 2-109 Table 2-73 The Time Measurement menu
Menu
6.
Settings
Comments
+Width
Measure +Pulse Width of a pulse wave.
-Width
Measure –Pulse Width of a pulse wave.
+Duty
Measure +Duty Cycle of a pulse wave.
-Duty
Measure –Duty Cycle of a pulse wave.
Page 3 for Time Measurements
Figure 2-110 Table 2-74 The Time Measurement menu
Menu
Settings
Comments
Delay1→2
Measure the signals delay between
two channels at the rising edge.
Delay1→2
Measure the signals delay between
two channels at the falling edge.
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NOTE: The results of the automatic measurements will be displayed on the bottom
of the screen. Maximum 3 results could be displayed at the same time. When there
is no room, the next new measurement result will make the previous results moving
left out of screen.
Operation Explanation:
1.
Select the signal channel for measuring. CH1 or CH2 according to the signal of
interest.
Press soft buttons as follows: Measure→Source→CH1 or CH2.
2.
To see all measurement values, set the Display All to ON. 18 measurement
parameters will be displayed on the screen (except for “Delay1→2 ” and
“Delay1→2 ” ).
3.
Select parameters page for measuring; select voltage or time parameters pages
by pressing soft button as follows: Measure→Voltage or time →Vmax, Vmin……
4.
To get the measured value on the screen; select the parameters of interest by
pressing the soft button on the right of the menu, and read the data on the
bottom of the screen.
If the data is displayed as “*****”, it means the parameter cannot be measured
in current condition.
Clear the measure values: press Clear and all of the auto measure values would
disappear from the screen (except for “Display all” parameters).
5.
Clear measured data from screen
Turn on/off the mass measurement
Figure 2-111 Measure menu
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Automatic measurement of voltage parameters
The DS1000CA series oscilloscopes provide automatic voltage measurements
including Vpp, Vmax, Vmin, Vavg, Vamp, Vrms, Vtop, Vbase, Overshoot and
Preshoot. Figure 2-112 below shows a pulse with some of the voltage measurement
points.
Overshoot
Vmax
Vtop
Vpp
Vamp
Vbase
Vmin
Preshoot
Figure 2-112
Voltage parameters
Vpp: Peak-to-Peak Voltage.
Vmax: The maximum amplitude. The most positive peak voltage measured over
the entire waveform.
Vmin: The minimum amplitude. The most negative peak voltage measured over the
entire waveform.
Vamp: Voltage between Vtop and Vbase of a waveform
Vtop: Voltage of the waveform‟s flat top, useful for square/pulse waveforms.
Vbase: Voltage of the waveform‟s flat base, useful for square/pulse waveforms.
Overshoot: Defined as (Vmax-Vtop)/Vamp, useful for square and pulse
waveforms.
Preshoot: Defined as (Vmin-Vbase)/Vamp, useful for square and pulse waveforms.
Average: The arithmetic mean over the entire waveform.
Vrms: The true Root Mean Square voltage over the entire waveform.
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Automatic measurement of time parameters
DS1000CA series oscilloscopes provide timing parameters auto-measurements;
Frequency, Period, Rise Time, Fall Time, +Width, -Width, Delay 1→2 , Delay 1→2 ,
+Duty and -Duty.
Figure 2-113 shows a pulse with some of the time measurement points.
Fall Time
Rise Time
90%
50%
10%
+Width
-Width
Figure 2-113
The time parameters
Rise Time: Time that the leading edge of the first pulse in the waveform takes to
rise from 10% to 90% of its amplitude.
Fall Time: Time that the falling edge of the first pulse in the waveform takes to fall
from 90% to 10% of its amplitude.
+Width: The width of the first positive pulse in 50% amplitude points.
-Width: The width of the first negative pulse in the 50% amplitude points.
Delay 1→2 : The delay between the two channels at the rising edge.
Delay 1→2 : The delay between the two channels at the falling edge.
+Duty: +Duty Cycle, defined as +Width/Period
-Duty: -Duty Cycle, defined as -Width/Period
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To Measure with Cursors
Figure 2-112 shows the Cursor button on the front-panel.
Cursor Measurement
Figure 2-114 Cursor button
The cursor measurement has three modes: Manual, Track and Auto Measure.
1. Manual:
In this mode, the screen displays two parallel cursors. Move the cursors to make
custom voltage or time measurements of the signal. The values are displayed on
the boxes below the menu. Before using cursors, make sure to set the Signal
Source as the channel for measuring.
2. Track:
In this mode, the screen displays two cross cursors. The cross cursor sets the
position on the waveform automatically. Adjust cursor‟s horizontal position on
the waveform by rotating the multifunctional knob ( ). The oscilloscope
displays the values of the coordinates on the boxes below the menu.
3. Auto Measure:
This mode will take effect with Automatic Measurements. The instruments will
display cursors while measuring parameters automatically. These cursors
demonstrate the electrical meanings of these measurements.
NOTE: The Auto Measure mode for Cursor measuring will take no effect without
automatic measurements.
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Manual Mode
Press Cursor→Mode→Manual to display the manual mode menu.
Figure 2-115
Table 2-75 Manual mode menu
Menu
Mode
Settings
Comments
Manual
Adjust the cursor to measure X/Y
parameters manually.
X
Type
Y
Source
CH1
CH2
MATH/FFT
Shown as vertical line to measure the
horizontal parameters.
Shown as horizontal line to measure the
vertical parameters.
Select the measurement signal source.
CurA
Set CurA effective and adjust it.
CurB
Set CurB effective and adjust it.
In this mode, the oscilloscope measures the Y or X coordinate values of the cursors,
and the increments between the two cursors.
To do manual Cursor Measurements, please do as the following steps:
1. Select the Manual mode for cursor measurement by pressing soft button as:
Cursor→Mode→Manual.
2. Select the cursors type by pressing soft button as Cursor→Type→ X or Y.
3. Select channel Source for measurements by pressing soft button as:
Cursor→Source→CH1, CH2 or MATH/FFT.
4. Move the cursors to adjust the increment between the cursors:(Details in the
following Table)
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Table 2-76 The Cursor menu
Cursor
Increment
X
Cursor A
Y
X
Cursor B
Y
Operation
Turn the multifunctional knob (
to move
cursor A horizontally.
Turn the multifunctional knob ( ) to move
cursor A vertically.
Turn the multifunctional knob (
cursor B horizontally.
Turn the multifunctional knob (
cursor B vertically.
) to move
) to move
NOTE: Cursor could be moved only when the curse function menu is displayed.
5. To get measurement values:
Position of Cursor A (Time cursor centered on the midpoint of screen; Voltage
cursor centered on channel ground level).
Position of Cursor B (Same as above).
Horizontal space between cursor A and B (△ X): Time between cursors (1/△ X),
units in Hz, kHz, MHz, GHz.
Vertical space between cursor A and B (△ Y): Voltage between cursors.
NOTE: The values will be automatically displayed on the right upper corner of
screen when the cursor function menu is hidden or displaying other menus.
Term Explanations:
Cursor Y: Cursors Y appear as horizontal lines on the display to measure
vertical parameters. Usually it is used to measure the Volts. When the
source is set as function, the units are assigned to the function.
Cursor X: Cursor X appears as vertical lines on the display to measure
horizontal parameters. Usually it indicates the time of trigger excursion.
When the source is set as FFT, X means frequency.
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Track Mode
Press Cursor→Mode→Track to display the track mode menu.
Figure 2-116
Table 2-77 Track mode menu
Menu
Settings
Comments
Mode
Track
Set Track mode in cursor measurement.
Cursor A
CH1
CH2
None
Set Cursor A in conjunction with CH1,
CH2 or turn off Cursor A.
Cursor B
CH1
CH2
None
Set Cursor B in conjunction with CH1,
CH2 or turn off Cursor B.
CurA
(Cursor A)
Turn the multifunctional Knob (
move cursor A Horizontally.
) to
CurB
(Cursor B)
Turn the multifunctional knob (
move cursor B horizontally.
) to
In Track mode, the cross cursor is displayed on the waveform under measuring. If
you move the horizontal position of cursor, the horizontal coordinate and vertical
coordinate of current point as well as the increments of them will be displayed
immediately. Note: horizontal coordinate represents time value, vertical coordinate
represents voltage value.
To do Track mode Cursor Measurements, follow these steps:
1. Select the Track mode for cursor measurement by pressing soft button as:
Cursor→Mode→Track.
2. Select channel Source for Cursor A and Cursor B by pressing soft button as:
Cursor→Cursor A or Cursor B→CH1, CH2 or None.
3. Move the cursors to adjust the horizontal positions of the cursors:
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Table 2-78 The Cursor usage
Cursor
Operation
Cursor A
Turn the multifunctional knob (
) to move cursor A horizontally.
Cursor B
Turn the multifunctional knob (
) to move Cursor B horizontally.
NOTE: Moving cursor horizontally is not allowed when other (not tracking cursor)
menu is activated.
4. To get measurement values:
 Position of Cursor A (Time cursor centered on the midpoint of screen;
Voltage cursor centered on channel ground level).
 Position of Cursor B (Time cursor centered on the midpoint of screen;
Voltage cursor centered on channel ground level).
 Read the horizontal space between Cursor A and B (△ X): Time between
cursors, units in seconds.
 (1/△ X), units in Hz, kHz, MHz, GHz.
 Vertical space between cursor A and B (△ Y): Voltage between cursors,
units in V.
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Auto Mode
Press Cursor→Mode→Auto to display the auto mode menu.
Figure 2-117
Table 2-79 Auto mode menu
Menu
Mode
Settings
Comments
Auto
Display the cursors for the current
automatic measuring. (See the following
figure).
There will be no cursor display if no parameters are chosen in Measure menu. The
oscilloscope could move cursor automatically to measure 20 parameters in Measure
menu.
Figure 2-118
Auto Measure Mode of Cursor Measurement
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To Use Run Control Buttons
The RUN control buttons include AUTO (auto setting) and RUN/STOP.
AUTO: The AUTO features automatic adjustments to produce a stable display of the
input signal. Press AUTO button, the following menu appears.
Figure 2-119
Table 2-80 The Auto menu
Menu
Multi-Cycle
Single
Cycle
Rise Edge
Fall Edge
(Cancel)
User‟s Guide for DS1000CA Series
Settings
Comments
Press to display multi-cycle waveform
on the screen.
Press to display single
waveform on the screen.
cycle
Press to display the waveform‟s rising
edge and measure its rise time
automatically.
Press to display falling edge of the
waveform and measure fall time
automatically of it.
Press to cancel all the Auto Set
actions, the oscilloscope will recover
to its previous status.
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Auto-Set functions
When the AUTO is pressed the oscilloscope is configured to the following defaults:
Table 2-81 The Auto menu
Menu
Settings
Display format
Y-T
Acquire mode
Normal
Vertical position
Adjust to right position
Vertical “Volts/div”
Adjusted
Volts/Div
Coarse
Bandwidth limit
OFF* (Full bandwidth)
Signal Invert
OFF
Horizontal position
Center
Horizontal “S/div”
Adjust to right position
Trigger type
Edge
Trigger source
Find the channel with input signal automatically.
Trigger coupling
DC
Trigger voltage
Midpoint setting
Trigger mode
Auto
NOTE*: When measuring small signal, the Bandwidth limit will be turned on automatically.
RUN/STOP: Run or Stop waveform acquiring.
NOTE: In STOP status, the volts/div and horizontal time base can be adjusted in a
fixed limit. That is, to zoom in/out the signal in vertical and horizontal directions.
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Chapter 3 Application & Examples
Example 1: Taking Simple Measurements
The function is used to observe an unknown signal; to display, measure frequency,
and peak-to-peak amplitude.
1.
(1)
(2)
(3)
To quickly display a signal, please do the steps as follow:
Set the probe and the channel attenuations to 10X.
Connect signal to CH1 with the probe.
Press the AUTO button.
The oscilloscope sets the vertical, horizontal, and trigger controls at the best
status automatically. To optimize the waveform display, adjust these controls
manually to meet the requirements.
2. Selecting Automatic Measurements
The oscilloscope takes automatic measurements on most signals. To measure
the frequency and the peak-to-peak amplitude, do these steps as follows:
(1) Measure peak-to-peak amplitude.
Press Measure→Source→CH1 to set the measurement source
Press Voltage→Peak-Peak to select the peak-to-peak measurements and the
result will be displayed on the screen.
(2) Measure frequency.
Press Measure→Source→CH1 to set the measurement source
Press Time→Freq to select the frequency measurements and the result will be
displayed on the screen.
NOTE: The frequency and peak-to-peak measurements are shown on the
screen and are updated periodically.
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Example 2: View a Signal Delay Caused by a Circuit
This example is to test the input and output signals of a circuit and observe the
signal delay. First, set the probe and the channel attenuation to 10X and connect
CH1 probe to the input, CH2 to the output of the circuit.
Do these steps as follow:
1. Display the signals (CH1 and CH2):
(1) Press the AUTO button.
(2) Adjust the vertical and the horizontal scale by turning the
appropriate ranges for display.
(3) Press the CH1 button to select Channel 1, and turn the vertical
knob to adjust the vertical position of Channel 1 waveform.
(4) Press the CH2 button to select Channel 2, and turn the vertical
knob to adjust the vertical position of Channel 2 waveform.
knobs to
2. Measure the delay time when a signal going through the circuit.
(1) Auto-measuring the delay:
Press Measure→Source→CH1 to set the measurement source.
Press Time to select the measurement Type.
Press Delay 1→2 to display the result on the screen.
(2) You can see the change of the waveform in the following figure:
Figure 3-1 Waveform distortion
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Example 3: Capture a Single-Shot Signal
To capture a single event, it needs to gather some pre-test knowledge of the signal
in order to set up the trigger level and slope correctly. For example, if the event is
derived from TTL logic, a trigger level of 2 volts should work on a rising edge.
The following steps show how to use the oscilloscope to capture a single event.
1. Set the probe and the channel attenuations to 10X.
2. Set up the trigger.
(1) Press the MENU button in the Trigger control area to display the menu.
(2) Press Edge to select the trigger mode. Press Slope to select . Press Source to
select CH1. Press Sweep to select Single. Press Set Up→Coupling to select DC.
(3) Turn the vertical and horizontal
knobs to adjust the Volts/Div and
the Time base in a proper range for the signal.
(4) Turn the
knob to adjust trigger level.
(5) Press RUN/STOP button to start capturing. When the trigger conditions are met,
data appears on the display representing the data points that the oscilloscope
obtained with one acquisition.
This function helps to capture the occurrence easily, such as the noisy with
large amplitude; set the trigger level higher a little above the normal level and
press RUN/STOP and wait. When noise occurs, the instrument will record the
waveform before and after the trigger. Adjust the
button in the
horizontal control area and change the level of the trigger position, will get the
inverted delay trigger. It is useful to observe the waveform before the
occurrence of the noise.
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Example 4: To Reduce the Random Noise on a Signal
If the signal is noisy (Figure 3-2), set up the oscilloscope to reduce the noise on the
waveform and avoid its interference to the signal.
Figure 3-2 Signal with noise
1. Set the probe and the channel attenuations to 10X.
2. Connect a signal to the oscilloscope and obtain a stable display.
3. Improve the trigger by setting the Coupling.
(1) Press the MENU in the Trigger control area.
(2) Press Set Up→Coupling→LF Reject or HF Reject.
HF Reject (High frequency reject) adds a low pass filter with the -3 dB cut-off
point at 150 kHz. Use HF rejects to remove high frequency noise such as AM or
FM broadcast stations from the trigger path.
LF Reject (Low frequency reject) adds a high pass filter with the -3 dB cut-off
point at 8 kHz. Use LF Reject to remove low frequency signals such as power
line noise from the trigger path.
4. To reduce the noise by setting the acquisition type and adjust the waveform
intensity.
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(1) If there is noise within the signal and the waveform looks too wide, in this case,
choose average acquisition. In this mode the waveform will be thin and easy to
observe and measure.


To use average follow these steps.
Press soft button as Acquire→Acquisition→Average.
Toggle the Averages soft button to select the number of averages that best
eliminates the noise from the displayed waveform. It can be adjusted from 2256. (See Figure 3-3)
Figure 3-3 Signal without noises
(2) To reduce the noise it can also be achieved by reducing the intensity of the
display.
NOTE: It is normal that the refresh rate will slow down when the average
acquisition mode is ON.
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Example 5: Making Cursor Measurements
There are 20 build-in automatic measurements. They can also be conducted using
cursors to make time and voltage measurements of a waveform quickly.
Measure the Peak Frequency of the First Sinc Waveform
To measure the ringing frequency at the rising edge of a signal, do these steps:
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
Press Cursor key to see the Cursor menu.
Press Mode to set Manual mode.
Press Type to select X.
Turn ( ) knob to place cursor A on the first peak of the wave.
Turn ( ) knob to place cursor B on the second peak of the wave.
Figure 3-4 Waveform display
Observe the delta in time and frequency displayed on the screen.
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Measure the Amplitude of the First Waveform Peak of the Sinc.
Please follow these steps:
1. Press Cursor key to see the Cursor menu.
2. Press Mode to set Manual mode.
3. Press Type to select Y.
4. Turn ( ) knob to place cursor A on the first peak of the wave.
5. Turn ( ) knob to place cursor B on the second peak of the wave.
Observe the following measurements in the cursor menu: (See Figure 3-5)
 The delta voltage (peak-to-peak voltage of the waveform)
 The voltage at Cursor 1
 The voltage at Cursor 2
Figure 3-5 Waveform display
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Example 6: The application of the X-Y operation
Viewing Phase Changes through a Network
Theme: Connect the oscilloscope to monitor the input and output of the circuit and
capture the phase changes.
To view the input and output of the circuit in an X-Y display, do these steps:
1. From the probe menu set the attenuation to 10X. Set the switch to 10X on the
probes.
2. Connect the CH 1 probe to the input of the network, and connect the CH 2 probe
to the output.
3. If the channels are not displayed, press the CH1 and CH2 buttons.
4. Press the AUTO button
5. Adjust the vertical
knob to display approximately the same amplitude
signals on each channel.
6. Press the MENU in horizontal control area to display the menu
7. Press the Time Base soft button to select X-Y.
The oscilloscope displays a Lissajous pattern representing the input and output
characteristics of the circuit.
8. Adjust the vertical
and
knobs to a desirable
waveform display.
9. Apply the Ellipse method to observe the phase difference between the two
channels.
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Signal must be
centered in X
D
A
B
C
Figure 3-6
Ellipse method to observe the phase difference
Sin = A/B or C/D, where  = phase shift (in degrees) between the two signals.
From the formula above, you could get:
 = arcsine (A/B) or arcsine (C/D)
If the main axis of the ellipse is at I and III quadrant,  must be in the range of
(0~π/2) or (3π/2~2π). If the main axis is at II and IV quadrant,  must be in the
range of (π/2~π) or (π~3π/2).
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Example 7: Triggering on a Video Signal
Test a video circuit in the DVD set. Use video trigger to obtain a stable display.
Triggering on Video Fields
To
1
2
3
4
5
trigger on the video fields, please do as the following steps:
Press the MENU key in the Trigger control area to see the Trigger menu.
Press Mode to select Video.
Press Source to select CH1 as trigger source.
Press Polarity to select .
Press Sync as Odd Field or Even Field.
6
Adjust the
trigger.
7
Turn the horizontal
to set trigger level at the video sync pulse to get stable
knob to see a complete waveform on the screen.
Figure 3-7 Waveform display
DS1000CA series triggers on the Odd field or Even field. To avoid confusion when
Odd field and Even field trigger simultaneously, choose Odd field or Even field as in
step 5 above.
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Triggering on the Video Lines
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
Press the MENU key in the Trigger control area to see the trigger menu.
Press Mode to select Video.
Press Source to select CH1 as trigger source.
Press Polarity to select .
Press Sync to select Line Num.
Turn ( ) knob to trigger on a specified line number.
7. Adjust the
trigger.
to set trigger level at the video sync pulse to get a stable
8. Turn the horizontal
screen.
knob to observe a complete waveform on the
Figure 3-8 Waveform display
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Example 8: FFT Cursor Measurement
FFT measurements include: Amplitude measurement (VRMS or dBVRMS) and
Frequency measurement (Hz).
Do these steps as follow:
1. Press Cursor→Manual.
2. Press Type to select X or Y.
3. Press Source to select FFT.
4. Turn ( ) knob to move the cursor to an point of interest.
Figure 3-9 Cursor amplitude measurement
Figure 3-10 Cursor frequency measurement
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Example 9: Pass/Fail Test
The Pass/Fail Test is one of enhanced special functions based on DS1000CA series.
In this test function the oscilloscope, compares the input signal to the established
waveform mask. If the waveform “touches” the mask, a “Fail” signal occurs,
otherwise the test passes. When needed, a programmable output can be used for
external automatic control applications. The output is built in as a standard feature,
and is optically isolated.
Do the steps as following:
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
Press Utility→Pass/Fail.
Press Enable Test and select ON.
Press Mask Setting→Load.
Press Load to recall the saved mask or press X Mask and Y Mask to adjust the
horizontal limit and vertical limit then press Create Mask to create a new mask.
Press Output to select the expected outputting waveforms.
Press Operate to start the test.
Figure 3-11 Waveform display
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Chapter 4 Troubleshooting
1.
(1)
(2)
(3)
(4)
After the oscilloscopes is powered on, the screen remains dark (no
display), please inspect the instrument following these steps:
Check the power cable connection.
Check if the power switch is turned on.
After the above inspection, restart the oscilloscope.
If the problem still remains, please contact RIGOL for help.
2.
After the oscilloscopes is powered on, the screen can not display
normally:
Do not turn the instrument on/off frequently. Wait 5 seconds for the next
start-up, otherwise, malfunction screen might be caused.
3.
After the signal acquisition the waveform does not appear, please
check according to the following steps:
Check if the probes are correctly connected with the signals.
Check if the probes are firmly connected to the channels.
Check if the probes are correctly connected with the object being tested.
Check if the circuit can generate signal at the test point (Connect the probe
compensator output to an input channel to confirm whether the testing point
has no signal or the input channel is in some troubles).
Repeat the acquisition.
(1)
(2)
(3)
(4)
(5)
4.
The measurement result is 10 times higher or lower than the value
expected.
Check if the probe attenuation is the same as the channel attenuation.
5.
If the oscilloscope does not get a stable waveform display, please
check according to the following steps:
(1) Check the Trigger Source and notice if it is set to the channel in use.
(2) Check the Trigger Type. Use “Edge” for normal signals, and use “Video” for
VIDEO signals.
(3) Switch the Coupling into HF Rejection or LF Rejection in order to filter the noise
which disturbs trigger.
User‟s Guide for DS1000CA Series
4-1
RIGOL
6.
After pressing the RUN/STOP button, the oscilloscope does not display
any waveform on screen.
Check whether the Trigger Mode is set to “Normal” or “Single” and see whether
the trigger level is out of the signal range. If yes, set the trigger level in proper
range by turning the
knob or pressing the 50% button. Or set the
Trigger Mode as “AUTO”. Moreover, push AUTO button to display the waveform
on screen.
7.
After the Acquisition is set to “Averages” or Display Persistence is set
ON, the waveform refreshes slowly.
It is normal in these settings.
8.
The signal is displayed as ladder like waveform.
(1) The time base maybe is too low. Turn the horizontal
knob to
increase horizontal resolution to improve the display.
(2) Maybe the display Type is set to “Vectors” set it to “Dots” mode to improve the
display.
4-2
User‟s Guide for DS1000CA Series
RIGOL
Chapter 5 Specifications
All specifications apply to the DS1000CA Series Oscilloscopes unless noted
otherwise. To meet these specifications, two conditions must first be met:


The instrument must have been operating continuously for thirty minutes within
the specified operating temperature.
Must perform the Self Cal operation, accessible through the Utility menu, if the
operating temperature changes by more than 5℃.
All specifications are guaranteed unless noted “typical”.
User‟s Guide for DS1000CA Series
5-1
RIGOL
Specifications
Acquisition
Sampling Modes
Sampling Rate
Averages
Real-Time
Equivalent
2GSa/s[1] (single channel)
50GSa/s[2]
1GSa/s (each channel)
N time acquisitions, all channels simultaneously, N is
selectable from 2, 4, 8, 16, 32, 64, 128 and 256
Inputs
Input Coupling
Input Impedance
DC, AC, GND
1MΩ± 2%, in parallel with 15pF± 3pF
50Ω± 2%[3]
Probe Attenuation Factors
1X, 5X, 10X, 50X, 100X, 500X, 1000X
300V (DC+AC Peak, 1MΩ input impedance,
10X)
5V (VRMS, 50Ω input impedance, BNC) [3]
Maximum Input Voltage
Time delay between channel
(typical)
500ps
50Ω
With
DS1302CA, DS1202CA
Without
DS1062CA, DS1102CA
Horizontal
Sample Rate Range
Waveform interpolation
1Sa/s-2GSa/s (Real-Time), 50GSa/s (Equivalent) [2]
Sin(x)/x
Record Length
Up to 10k samples for single channel, at 2GSa/s
5k samples for each channel
Scan speed Range
(Sec/div)
1ns/div-50s/div, DS1302CA
2ns/div-50s/div, DS1102CA, DS1202CA
5ns/div-50s/div, DS1060CA
1-2-5 Sequence
Sample Rate and
Delay Time Accuracy
±50ppm (over any≥1ms time interval)
Delta Time
Measurement Accuracy
Single-shot: ± (1 sample interval + 50ppm × reading
+ 0.6 ns)
5-2
User‟s Guide for DS1000CA Series
RIGOL
(Full Bandwidth)
>16 averages: ± (1sample interval + 50ppm ×
reading + 0.4 ns)
Measurements
Manual
Voltage difference between cursors (∆V)
Time difference between cursors (∆T)
Reciprocal of ∆T in Hertz (1/∆T)
Track
Voltage value for Y-axis waveform
Time value for X-axis waveform
Auto
Cursors are visible for Automatic Measurement
Cursor
Auto
Measure
Vpp, Vamp, Vmax, Vmin, Vtop, Vbase, Vavg, Vrms, Overshoot,
Preshoot, Freq, Period, Rise Time, Fall Time, +Width, -Width,
+Duty, -Duty, Delay1→2 , Delay1→2
Vertical
A/D converter
Volts/div Range
Offset Range
8-bit resolution, each channel samples simultaneously
1mV/div-10V/div at input BNC
± 40V(205mV/div-10V/div)
± 800mV(1mV/div-200mV/div)
Analog Bandwidth
60MHz(DS1062CA)
100MHz(DS1102CA)
200MHz(DS1202CA)
300MHz(DS1302CA)
60MHz(DS1062CA)
100MHz(DS1102CA)
200MHz(DS1202CA)
300MHz(DS1302CA)
Single-shot
Bandwidth
Selectable Analog
Bandwidth Limit
(typical)
Lower Frequency
Limit (AC -3dB)
Rise Time at BNC,
typical
Dynamic range
DC Gain Accuracy
20MHz
≤5Hz (at input BNC)
<1.2ns, <1.7ns, <3.5ns, <5.8ns,
On 300MHz, 200MHz, 100MHz, 60MHz respectively
± 5div
1mV/div: ± 8% (Normal or Average acquisition mode)
2mV/div-5mV/div: ± 4% (Normal or Average acquisition
mode)
User‟s Guide for DS1000CA Series
5-3
RIGOL
DC Measurement
Accuracy, Average
Acquisition Mode
Delta Volts
Measurement
Accuracy (Average
Acquisition Mode)
Overshoot
10mV/div-10V/div: ± 3% (Normal or Average acquisition
mode)
Average of ≥16 Waveforms with vertical position at zero:
± (DC Gain Accuracy× reading+0.1div+1mV)
Average of ≥16 Waveforms with vertical position not at
zero:
± [DC Gain Accuracy× (reading+ vertical position)+(1% of
vertical position)+0.2div]
Add 1mV for settings from 1mV/div to 200 mV/div
Add 50mV for settings >200mV/div to 10V/div
Delta Volts between any two averages of 16 waveforms
acquired under same setup and ambient
conditions: ± (DC Gain Accuracy× reading + 0.05 div)
<20%
Trigger
Trigger Sensitivity
Trigger Level Range
0.1div-1.0div (adjustable)
Internal
± 6 divisions from center of screen
Trigger Holdoff range
± 1V
± 3V
± (0.3div× V/div)
(± 4 divisions from center of screen)
EXT
± (6% of setting + 40 mV)
EXT/5
± (6% of setting + 200 mV)
Normal mode: pre-trigger(262144/ sampling rate),
delayed trigger 1s
Slow Scan mode: pre-trigger 6div, delayed trigger 6div
500ns-1.5s
HF reject
100kHz± 50kHz
LF reject
8kHz± 20%
Trigger Level Accuracy
(typical) applicable for
the signal of rising and
falling time ≥20ns
Trigger Offset
Set Level to
(typical)
50%
Edge Trigger
Edge trigger slope
Pulse Trigger
Trigger condition
Pulse Width range
5-4
EXT
EXT/5
Internal
Input signal frequency ≥50Hz
Rising, Falling, Rising + Falling
(>, <, =) Positive pulse, (>, <, =) negative pulse
20ns – 10s
User‟s Guide for DS1000CA Series
RIGOL
Video Trigger
Video standard &
line frequency
Slope Trigger
Trigger condition
Support standard NTSC, PAL and SECAM broadcast
systems. Line number range: 1-525 (NTSC) and 1-625
(PAL/SECAM)
(>, <, =) Positive slope, (>, <, =) negative slope
Time setting
20ns – 10s
Alternate Trigger
Trigger on CH1
Edge, Pulse, Video, Slope
Trigger on CH2
Edge, Pulse, Video, Slope
NOTES:
[1] Only one input channel is available when Sample rate is at 2GSa/s.
[2] This is the highest specification, the specific specifications are as follows:
DS1302CA:
50GSa/s
DS1202CA, DS1102CA:
25GSa/s
DS1062CA:
10GSa/s
[3] For DS1202CA and DS1302CA only.
User‟s Guide for DS1000CA Series
5-5
RIGOL
General Specifications
Display
Display Type
Display Resolution
Display Color
5.7 in. (145 mm) diagonal TFT Liquid Crystal
Display
320 horizontal × RGB× 234 vertical pixels
64k color
Display Contrast (typical)
Backlight Brightness (typical)
150:1
300 nit
Probe Compensator Output
Output Voltage (typical)
Frequency (typical)
3 Vpp into ≥1 MΩ load
1kHz
Power
Supply Voltage
Power Consumption
Fuse
Environmental
Ambient
Temperature
Cooling Method
Humidity
Altitude
Mechanical
Size
Heavy
5-6
100 ~ 240 VACRMS, 45-440Hz, CAT II
Less than 50VA
2A, T rating, 250 V
Operating 10℃~ 40℃
Non-operating -20℃~ +60℃
Fan force air flow
+35℃ or below: ≤90% relative humidity
+35℃~ +40℃: ≤60% relative humidity
Operating 3,000 m or below
Non-operating 15,000 m or below
Width
Height
Depth
Without package
Packaged
303mm
154mm
133 mm
2.4 kg
3.8 kg
User‟s Guide for DS1000CA Series
RIGOL
IP Protection
IP2X
Calibration Interval
The calibration interval is one year
User‟s Guide for DS1000CA Series
5-7
RIGOL
Chapter 6 Appendix
Appendix A: DS1000CA series Accessories
Standard Accessories



Probe× 2 (1.5m), 1:1, (10:1) Passive Probes
This Passive Probe is 6MHZ which belongs to 150v CATII when the power switch
is in 1X.
This probe fit bandwidth upper limit which belongs to 300V CATII when the
power switch is in 10X.
A Power Cord that fits the standard of destination country
Resource CD (including User‟s Guide)
Optional Accessories






DS1000CA soft carrying case
BNC Cable
RS-232 Cable
USB Cable
USB-GPIB Adapter
50Ω Impedance Adapter
All accessories (standard and optional) are available by contacting your local RIGOL
office.
User‟s Guide for DS1000CA Series
6-1
RIGOL
Appendix B: Warranty
RIGOL warrants its products‟ mainframe and accessories in materials and
workmanship within the warranty period. During the period concerned, RIGOL
guarantees the free replacement or repair of products which are approved defective.
To get repair service or obtain a copy of the whole warranty statement, please
contact with your nearest RIGOL sales and service office.
RIGOL do not provide any other warranty items except the one being provided by
this summary and the warranty statement. The warranty items include but not being
subjected to the hint guarantee items related to tradable characteristic and any
particular purpose. RIGOL will not take any responsibility in cases regarding to
indirect, particular and ensuing damage.
6-2
User‟s Guide for DS1000CA Series
RIGOL
Appendix C: Maintenance
General Maintenance
Do not store or leave the instrument in where the instrument will be exposed to
direct sunlight for long periods of time.
Caution
To avoid damages to the instrument or probes, do not expose them to liquids which
have causticity.
Cleaning
Clean the instrument and probes often based on its operating conditions require. To
clean the exterior surface, perform the following steps:
1. Disconnect the instrument from all power sources.
2. Clean the loose dust on the outside of the instrument and probes with a lintfree cloth (with a mild detergent and water). When clean the LCD, take care to
avoid scarifying it.
!
WARNING
To avoid injury resulting from short circuit, make sure the instrument is
completely dry before reconnecting into a power source.
User‟s Guide for DS1000CA Series
6-3
RIGOL
Appendix D: Contact RIGOL
If you have any problem or requirement during using our products, please contact
RIGOL Technologies, Inc. or the local distributors.
Domestic: Please call
Tel: (86-10) 8070 6688
Fax: (86-10) 8070 5070
Service & Support Hotline: 800 810 0002
9:00 am –5: 00 pm from Monday to Friday
Or by e-mail:
service@rigol.com
Or mail to:
RIGOL Technologies, Inc.
156# CaiHe Village, ShaHe Town, ChangPing District, Beijing, China
Post Code: 102206
Overseas: Contact the local RIGOL distributors or sales office.
For the latest product information and service, visit our website:
http://www.rigol.com/
6-4
User‟s Guide for DS1000CA Series
RIGOL
Index
50% ........................................ 1-17
Ext and Ext/5 ........................... 2-41
A
F
AC Coupling .............................. 2-6
AC Line .................................... 2-41
Acquisition ................................ 5-2
Alternative Trigger .................... 2-36
Appendix .................................. 6-1
AUTO ...................................... 2-88
Auto Trigger ............................. 2-41
Automatic Measurement ............ 2-75
Average Acquisition................... 2-47
Factory Setup ........................... 2-57
FFT ......................................... 2-15
FORCE ..................................... 1-17
Front panel ................................1-3
Functional check .........................1-8
B
Bandwidth Limit ......................... 2-8
Blackman Window .................... 2-16
C
Channel Coupling ....................... 2-6
Cleaning ................................... 6-3
Coarse/Fine .............................. 1-13
Cursor ..................................... 2-81
Cursor Measurements................ 2-81
G
GND Coupling .............................2-7
H
Hamming Window .................... 2-16
Hanning Window ...................... 2-16
HF Reject ................................. 2-42
Horizontal ..................................5-2
I
I/O setup ................................. 2-60
Inputs .......................................5-2
Instant Execute Key .................. 2-88
Invert a waveform .................... 2-13
D
L
DC Coupling .............................. 2-6
Display ..................................... 5-6
Display System ......................... 2-48
Language ................................. 2-61
LF Reject ................................. 2-42
E
Edge Trigger ............................ 2-30
Envelope .................................. 2-47
Equivalent Sampling .................. 2-47
User‟s Guide for DS1000CA Series
M
Math........................................ 2-14
Measurements ............................5-3
Normal Trigger ......................... 2-42
N
1
Nyquist Frequency.................... 2-17
P
Power ....................................... 5-6
Pretrigger ................................ 2-42
Probe Attenuation ...................... 2-9
Probe compensation ................. 1-10
Probe Compensator .................... 5-6
Pulse Trigger ........................... 2-31
R
Random Noise ........................... 3-4
Realtime Sampling.................... 2-47
Rectangle Window.................... 2-16
REF......................................... 2-18
RUN/STOP ............................... 2-88
S
Sampling System...................... 2-44
2
Save and Recal .......................... 2-1
Self- Calibration ....................... 2-71
Single Trigger .......................... 2-42
Slope Trigger ........................... 2-34
Sync Pulses ............................. 2-33
T
Trigger ...................................... 5-4
Trigger Settings ....................... 2-39
Trigger System ........................ 2-29
U
UTILITY .................................. 2-58
V
Vertical ..................................... 5-3
Vertical Window ....................... 1-12
Video Signal ............................ 3-11
Video Trigger ........................... 2-32
User‟s Guide for DS1000CA Series
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